National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for determination combining space

  1. Solar air heating system for combined DHW and space heating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar air heating system for combined DHW and space heating solar air collector PV-panel fannon-return valve DHW tank mantle cold waterhot water roof Solar Energy Centre Denmark Danish Technological Institute SEC-R-29 #12;Solar air heating system for combined DHW and space heating Søren Østergaard Jensen

  2. Interaction Proxemics: Combining Physical Spaces for Seamless Gesture Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - teraction. While applications usually focus on one particular input technology, we set out to adjust combines technology-transparent inter- action spaces across 4 interaction zones: touch, fine. Windows 8). Today, taps, pan, and pinch gestures are established touch gestures that users expect from

  3. Retrofitting Combined Space and Water Heating Systems. Laboratory Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenbauer, B.; Bohac, D.; Huelman, P.; Olsen, R.; Hewett, M.

    2012-10-01

    Better insulated and tighter homes can often use a single heating plant for both space and domestic water heating. These systems, called dual integrated appliances (DIA) or combination systems, can operate at high efficiency and eliminate combustion safety issues associated by using a condensing, sealed combustion heating plant. Funds were received to install 400 DIAs in Minnesota low-income homes. The NorthernSTAR DIA laboratory was created to identify proper system components, designs, operating parameters, and installation procedures to assure high efficiency of field installed systems. Tests verified that heating loads up to 57,000 Btu/hr can be achieved with acceptable return water temperatures and supply air temperatures.

  4. Retrofitting Combined Space and Water Heating Systems: Laboratory Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenbauer, B.; Bohac, D.; Huelman, P.; Olson, R.; Hewitt, M.

    2012-10-01

    Better insulated and tighter homes can often use a single heating plant for both space and domestic water heating. These systems, called dual integrated appliances (DIA) or combination systems, can operate at high efficiency and eliminate combustion safety issues associated by using a condensing, sealed combustion heating plant. Funds were received to install 400 DIAs in Minnesota low-income homes. The NorthernSTAR DIA laboratory was created to identify proper system components, designs, operating parameters, and installation procedures to assure high efficiency of field installed systems. Tests verified that heating loads up to 57,000 Btu/hr can be achieved with acceptable return water temperatures and supply air temperatures.

  5. Space nuclear-power reactor design based on combined neutronic and thermal-fluid analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koenig, D.R.; Gido, R.G.; Brandon, D.I.

    1985-01-01

    The design and performance analysis of a space nuclear-power system requires sophisticated analytical capabilities such as those developed during the nuclear rocket propulsion (Rover) program. In particular, optimizing the size of a space nuclear reactor for a given power level requires satisfying the conflicting requirements of nuclear criticality and heat removal. The optimization involves the determination of the coolant void (volume) fraction for which the reactor diameter is a minimum and temperature and structural limits are satisfied. A minimum exists because the critical diameter increases with increasing void fraction, whereas the reactor diameter needed to remove a specified power decreases with void fraction. The purpose of this presentation is to describe and demonstrate our analytical capability for the determination of minimum reactor size. The analysis is based on combining neutronic criticality calculations with OPTION-code thermal-fluid calculations.

  6. COMBINING FREE ENERGY SCORE SPACES WITH INFORMATION THEORETIC KERNELS: APPLICATION TO SCENE CLASSIFICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguiar, Pedro M. Q.

    COMBINING FREE ENERGY SCORE SPACES WITH INFORMATION THEORETIC KERNELS: APPLICATION TO SCENE recent and top performing tools in each of the steps: (i) the free energy score space; (ii) non embeddings can be found in [1, 2, 13]. A very recent approach, termed free energy score space (FESS) [13, 14

  7. MACHO Mass Determination Based on Space Telescope Observation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mareki Honma

    1999-03-24

    We investigate the possibility of lens mass determination for a caustic crossing microlensing event based on a space telescope observation. We demonstrate that the parallax due to the orbital motion of a space telescope causes a periodic fluctuation of the light curve, from which the lens distance can be derived. Since the proper motion of the lens relative to the source is also measurable for a caustic crossing event, one can find a full solution for microlensing properties of the event, including the lens mass. To determine the lens mass with sufficient accuracy, the light curve near the caustic crossing should be observed within uncertainty of $\\sim$ 1%. We argue that the Hubble Space Telescope observation of the caustic crossing supplied with ground-based observations of the full light curve will enable us to determine the mass of MACHOs, which is crucial for understanding the nature of MACHOs.

  8. SHELXT – Integrated space-group and crystal-structure determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldrick, George M., E-mail: gsheldr@shelx.uni-ac.gwdg.de [Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Tammannstrasse 4, Göttingen, 37077 (Germany)

    2015-01-01

    SHELXT automates routine small-molecule structure determination starting from single-crystal reflection data, the Laue group and a reasonable guess as to which elements might be present. The new computer program SHELXT employs a novel dual-space algorithm to solve the phase problem for single-crystal reflection data expanded to the space group P1. Missing data are taken into account and the resolution extended if necessary. All space groups in the specified Laue group are tested to find which are consistent with the P1 phases. After applying the resulting origin shifts and space-group symmetry, the solutions are subject to further dual-space recycling followed by a peak search and summation of the electron density around each peak. Elements are assigned to give the best fit to the integrated peak densities and if necessary additional elements are considered. An isotropic refinement is followed for non-centrosymmetric space groups by the calculation of a Flack parameter and, if appropriate, inversion of the structure. The structure is assembled to maximize its connectivity and centred optimally in the unit cell. SHELXT has already solved many thousand structures with a high success rate, and is optimized for multiprocessor computers. It is, however, unsuitable for severely disordered and twinned structures because it is based on the assumption that the structure consists of atoms.

  9. Measure Guideline. Combination Forced-Air Space and Tankless Domestic Hot Water Heating Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, Armin

    2012-08-01

    This document describes design and application guidance for combination space and tankless domestic hot water heating systems (combination systems) used in residential buildings, based on field evaluation, testing, and industry meetings conducted by Building Science Corporation. As residential building enclosure improvements continue to drive heating loads down, using the same water heating equipment for both space heating and domestic water heating becomes attractive from an initial cost and space-saving perspective. This topic is applicable to single- and multi-family residential buildings, both new and retrofitted.

  10. Measure Guideline: Combination Forced-Air Space and Tankless Domestic Hot Water Heating Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.

    2012-08-01

    This document describes design and application guidance for combination space and tankless domestic hot water heating systems (combination systems) used in residential buildings, based on field evaluation, testing, and industry meetings conducted by Building Science Corporation. As residential building enclosure improvements continue to drive heating loads down, using the same water heating equipment for both space heating and domestic water heating becomes attractive from an initial cost and space-saving perspective. This topic is applicable to single- and multi-family residential buildings, both new and retrofitted.

  11. Expert Meeting Report: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Ueno, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-07-01

    The topic of this meeting was 'Recommendations For Applying Water Heaters In Combination Space And Domestic Water Heating Systems.' Presentations and discussions centered on the design, performance, and maintenance of these combination systems, with the goal of developing foundational information toward the development of a Building America Measure Guideline on this topic. The meeting was held at the Westford Regency Hotel, in Westford, Massachusetts on 7/31/2011.

  12. Determining root causes of drilling problems by combining cases and general knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    -based, knowledge intensive, oil well drilling 1 Introduction Drilling of oil wells is an expensive offshore based reasoning to improve efficiency of oil well drilling. Their focus was on lost circulation, whichDetermining root causes of drilling problems by combining cases and general knowledge Samad

  13. Distance determinations to shield galaxies from Hubble space telescope imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McQuinn, Kristen B. W.; Skillman, Evan D. [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street, S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Cannon, John M.; Cave, Ian [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macalester College, 1600 Grand Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55105 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew E. [Raytheon Company, 1151 E. Hermans Road, Tucson, AZ 85756 (United States); Salzer, John J. [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, 727 East 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Haynes, Martha P.; Adams, Elizabeth; Giovanelli, Riccardo [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Space Sciences Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Elson, Ed C. [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre (ACGC), Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Ott, Juërgen [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, 1003 Lopezville Road, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Saintonge, Amélie, E-mail: kmcquinn@astro.umn.edu [Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics, D-85741 Garching (Germany)

    2014-04-10

    The Survey of H I in Extremely Low-mass Dwarf (SHIELD) galaxies is an ongoing multi-wavelength program to characterize the gas, star formation, and evolution in gas-rich, very low-mass galaxies. The galaxies were selected from the first ?10% of the H I Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey based on their inferred low H I mass and low baryonic mass, and all systems have recent star formation. Thus, the SHIELD sample probes the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function for star-forming galaxies. Here, we measure the distances to the 12 SHIELD galaxies to be between 5 and 12 Mpc by applying the tip of the red giant method to the resolved stellar populations imaged by the Hubble Space Telescope. Based on these distances, the H I masses in the sample range from 4 × 10{sup 6} to 6 × 10{sup 7} M {sub ?}, with a median H I mass of 1 × 10{sup 7} M {sub ?}. The tip of the red giant branch distances are up to 73% farther than flow-model estimates in the ALFALFA catalog. Because of the relatively large uncertainties of flow-model distances, we are biased toward selecting galaxies from the ALFALFA catalog where the flow model underestimates the true distances. The measured distances allow for an assessment of the native environments around the sample members. Five of the galaxies are part of the NGC 672 and NGC 784 groups, which together constitute a single structure. One galaxy is part of a larger linear ensemble of nine systems that stretches 1.6 Mpc from end to end. Three galaxies reside in regions with 1-9 neighbors, and four galaxies are truly isolated with no known system identified within a radius of 1 Mpc.

  14. Autonomous Sub-Pixel Satellite Track Endpoint Determination for Space Based Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, L M

    2011-03-07

    An algorithm for determining satellite track endpoints with sub-pixel resolution in spaced-based images is presented. The algorithm allows for significant curvature in the imaged track due to rotation of the spacecraft capturing the image. The motivation behind the subpixel endpoint determination is first presented, followed by a description of the methodology used. Results from running the algorithm on real ground-based and simulated spaced-based images are shown to highlight its effectiveness.

  15. Photometric and structural properties of NGC 6544: A combined VVV-Hubble space telescope study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Roger E.; Mauro, Francesco; Geisler, Doug; Moni Bidin, Christian; Dotter, Aaron; Bonatto, Charles

    2014-07-01

    We combine archival Hubble Space Telescope imaging with wide-field near-infrared photometry to study the neglected metal-poor Galactic globular cluster NGC 6544. A high spatial resolution map of differential reddening over the inner portion of the cluster is constructed, revealing variations of up to half of the total reddening, and the resulting corrected color-magnitude diagrams reveal a sparse blue horizontal branch and centrally concentrated blue straggler population, verified via relative proper motions. Using the corrected photometry to investigate the cluster distance, reddening, and age via direct comparison to well-calibrated photometry of clusters with similar metallicities, we estimate (m – M){sub 0} = 11.96, E(B – V) = 0.79, and an age coeval with M13 to within the relevant uncertainties. Although our data are insufficient to place tight constraints on the reddening law toward NGC 6544, we find no strong evidence that it is non-standard at optical or near-infrared wavelengths. We also provide near-infrared fiducial sequences extending nearly 2 mag below the cluster main sequence turnoff, generated from a statistically decontaminated sample of cluster stars. Lastly, we redetermine the cluster center and construct a radial number density profile which is well fit by an atypically flat power law with a slope of about 1.7. We discuss this result, together with a flattened main sequence luminosity function and inverted mass function, in the context of mass segregation and tidal stripping via interactions with Milky Way potential.

  16. The Determination of the Orbit Spaces of Compact Coregular Linear Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vittorino Talamini

    2015-03-26

    Some aspects of phase transitions can be more conveniently studied in the orbit space of the action of the symmetry group. After a brief review of the fundamental ideas of this approach, I shall concentrate on the mathematical aspect and more exactly on the determination of the equations defining the orbit space and its strata. I shall deal only with compact coregular linear groups. The method exposed has been worked out together with prof. G. Sartori and it is based on the solution of a matrix differential equation. Such equation is easily solved if an integrity basis of the group is known. If the integrity basis is unknown one may determine anyway for which degrees of the basic invariants there are solutions to the equation, and in all these cases also find out the explicit form of the solutions. The solutions determine completely the stratification of the orbit spaces. Such calculations have been carried out for 2, 3 and 4-dimensonal orbit spaces. The method is of general validity but the complexity of the calculations rises tremendously with the dimension $q$ of the orbit space. Some induction rules have been found as well. They allow to determine easily most of the solutions for the $(q+1)$-dimensional case once the solutions for the $q$-dimensional case are known. The method exposed is interesting because it allows to determine the orbit spaces without using any specific knowledge of group structure and integrity basis and evidences a certain hidden and yet unknown link with group theory and invariant theory.

  17. New Combined Laser Ablation Platform Determines Cell Wall Chemistry (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    NREL has designed and developed a combined laser ablation/pulsed sample introduction/mass spectrometry platform that integrates pyrolysis and/or laser ablation with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Using this apparatus, we can measure the cell wall chemical composition of untreated biomass materials. Understanding the chemical composition of untreated biomass is key to both the biochemical and thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to biofuels. In the biochemical conversion process, the new technique provides a better understanding of the chemistry of lignin and will improve accessibility to plant sugars. In thermochemical conversion, the information provided by the new technique may help to reduce the formation of unwanted byproducts during gasification. NREL validated the ability of the system to detect pyrolysis products from plant materials using poplar, a potentially high-impact bioenergy feedstock. In the technique, biomass vapors are produced by laser ablation using the 3rd harmonic of an Nd:YAG laser (355 nm). The resulting vapors are entrained in a free jet expansion of helium, then skimmed and introduced into an ionization region. REMPI is used to ionize the vapors because it is highly sensitive for detecting lignin and aromatic metabolites. The laser ablation method was used to selectively volatilize specific plant tissues and detect lignin-based products from the vapors with enhanced sensitivity. This will allow the determination of lignin distribution in future biomass studies.

  18. Combined Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of Processes Determining Cathode Performance in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kukla, Maija M.; Kotomin, Eugene Alexej; Merkle, R.; Mastrikov, Yuri; Maier, J.

    2013-02-11

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are under intensive investigation since the 1980’s as these devices open the way for ecologically clean direct conversion of the chemical energy into electricity, avoiding the efficiency limitation by Carnot’s cycle for thermochemical conversion. However, the practical development of SOFC faces a number of unresolved fundamental problems, in particular concerning the kinetics of the electrode reactions, especially oxygen reduction reaction. We review recent experimental and theoretical achievements in the current understanding of the cathode performance by exploring and comparing mostly three materials: (La,Sr)MnO3 (LSM), (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3 (LSCF) and (Ba,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3 (BSCF). Special attention is paid to a critical evaluation of advantages and disadvantages of BSCF, which shows the best cathode kinetics known so far for oxides. We demonstrate that it is the combined experimental and theoretical analysis of all major elementary steps of the oxygen reduction reaction which allows us to predict the rate determining steps for a given material under specific operational conditions and thus control and improve SOFC performance.

  19. Rapid determination of particle velocity from space-time images using the Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cauwenberghs, Gert

    Rapid determination of particle velocity from space-time images using the Radon transform Patrick J an alternative method that makes use of the Radon transform to calculate the velocity of streaming particles. We the velocity that makes use of the Radon transform (Deans 1983; Averbuch et al. 2001), which takes a set

  20. Funnel-Like Organization in Sequence Space Determines the Distributions of Protein Stability and Folding Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitt, Michael

    determinants of protein folding, we map out the complete organization of thermody- namic and kinetic properties simplified models of protein folding. We obtain a stability map and a folding rate map in sequence space. Proteins 2004;55:107­114. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Key words: protein folding; protein sequence struc- ture

  1. Planet Sensitivity from Combined Ground- and Space-based Microlensing Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Wei; Beichman, Charles; Novati, Sebastiano Calchi; Carey, Sean; Gaudi, B Scott; Henderson, Calen B; Penny, Matthew; Shvartzvald, Yossi; Yee, Jennifer C; Udalski, A; Poleski, R; Skowron, J; Kozlowski, S; Mroz, P; Pietrukowicz, P; Pietrzynski, G; Szymanski, M K; Soszynski, I; Ulaczyk, K; Wyrzykowski, L; Abe, F; Barry, R K; Bennett, D P; Bhattacharya, A; Fukunaga, D; Inayama, K; Koshimoto, N; Namba, S; Sumi, T; Suzuki, D; Tristram, P J; Wakiyama, Y; Yonehara, A; Maoz, D; Kaspi, S; Friedmann, M

    2015-01-01

    To move one step forward toward a Galactic distribution of planets, we present the first planet sensitivity analysis for microlensing events with simultaneous observations from space and the ground. We present this analysis for two such events, OGLE-2014-BLG-0939 and OGLE-2014-BLG-0124, which both show substantial planet sensitivity even though neither of them reached high magnification. This suggests that an ensemble of low to moderate magnification events can also yield significant planet sensitivity and therefore probability to detect planets. The implications of our results to the ongoing and future space-based microlensing experiments to measure the Galactic distribution of planets are discussed.

  2. Expert Meeting Report. Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Ueno, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-06-01

    This Building America expert meeting was held on 7/31/2011, in Westford, Massachusetts. Presentations and discussions centered on the design, performance, and maintenance of these combination systems, with the goal of developing foundational information toward the development of a Building America Measure Guideline on this topic.

  3. Evolution of Crustal Magnetic Fields in Isolated Neutron Stars : Combined Effects of Cooling and Curvature of Space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sujan Sengupta

    1998-01-29

    The ohmic decay of magnetic fields confined within the crust of neutron stars is considered by incorporating both the effect of neutron star cooling and the effect of space-time curvature produced by the intense gravitational field of the star. For this purpose a stationary and static gravitational field has been considered with the standard as well as the accelerated cooling models of neutron stars. It is shown that general relativistic effect reduces the magnetic field decay rate substantially. At the late stage of evolution when the field decay is mainly determined by the impurity-electron scattering, the effect of space-time curvature suppresses the role of the impurity content significantly and reduces the decay rate by more than an order of magnitude. Even with a high impurity content the decay rate is too low to be of observational interest if the accelerated cooling model along with the effect of space-time curvature is taken into account. It is, therefore, pointed out that if a decrease in the magnetic field strength by more than two orders of magnitude from its initial value is detected by observation then the existence of quark in the core of the neutron star would possibly be ruled out.

  4. Combining NASA/JPL One-Way Optical-Fiber Light-Speed Data with Spacecraft Earth-Flyby Doppler-Shift Data to Characterise 3-Space Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reginald T Cahill

    2009-07-22

    We combine data from two high precision NASA/JPL experiments: (i) the one-way speed of light experiment using optical fibers: Krisher T.P., Maleki L., Lutes G.F., Primas L.E., Logan R.T., Anderson J.D. and Will C.M., Phys. Rev. D, vol 42, 731-734, 1990, and (ii) the spacecraft earth-flyby doppler shift data: Anderson J.D., Campbell J.K., Ekelund J.E., Ellis J. and Jordan J.F., Phys. Rev. Lett., vol 100, 091102, 2008, to give the solar-system galactic 3-space average speed of 486km/s in the direction RA=4.29hrs, Dec=-75.0deg. Turbulence effects (gravitational waves) are also evident. Data also reveals the 30km/s orbital speed of the earth and the sun inflow component at 1AU of 42km/s and also 615km/s near the sun, and for the first time, experimental measurement of the 3-space 11.2km/s inflow of the earth. The NASA/JPL data is in remarkable agreement with that determined in other light speed anisotropy experiments, such as Michelson-Morley (1887), Miller (1933), Torr and Kolen (1981), DeWitte (1991), Cahill (2006), Munera (2007), Cahill and Stokes (2008) and Cahill (2009).

  5. Determination of Ice Water Path Over the ARM SGP Using Combined Surface and Satellite Datasets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design CompetitionsFuelofSources fromDetermination

  6. Geosynchronous orbit determination using space surveillance network observations and improved radiative force modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, Richard Harry, 1981-

    2004-01-01

    Correct modeling of the space environment, including radiative forces, is an important aspect of space situational awareness for geostationary (GEO) spacecraft. Solar radiation pressure has traditionally been modeled using ...

  7. Space

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveApril 2, 2014 Smith Named as NewAprilSpace

  8. Determination of Ranged Sets of Design Specifications by Incorporating Design Space Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    method is developed for obtaining a ranged set of design specifications that meets design criteria while well they meet design criteria. Second, a new design flexibility measure is used as a metric to select s in a design attribute space F single or multiple design criteria Ij(y) influence function of a design

  9. Determining Space from Place for Natural History Collections: In a Distributed Digital Library Environment Search | Back Issues | Author Index | Title Index | Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Determining Space from Place for Natural History Collections: In a Distributed Digital Library Digital Library Environment Reed Beaman Peabody Museum, Yale University John management systems that represent a solid foundation for comprehensive digital libraries in the museum

  10. 4D Density Determination of NH Radicals in an MSE Microplasma Combining Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence and Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Visser, Martin; Schenk, Andreas; Gericke, Karl-Heinz [Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2010-10-13

    An application of microplasmas is surface modification under mild conditions and of small, well defined areas. For this, an understanding of the plasma composition is of importance. First results of our work on the production and detection of NH radicals in a capacitively coupled radio frequency (RF) microplasma are presented. A microstructured comb electrode was used to generate a glow discharge in a hydrogen/nitrogen gas mixture by applying 13.56 MHz RF voltage. The techniques of planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) and cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) are used for space and time resolved, quantitative detection of the NH radical in the plasma. The rotational temperature was determined to be 820 K and, the density 5.1x10{sup 12} cm{sup 3}. Also, time dependent behaviour of the NH production was observed.

  11. Integrated Multi-Well Reservoir and Decision Model to Determine Optimal Well Spacing in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz Prada, Rubiel Paul

    2012-02-14

    Optimizing well spacing in unconventional gas reservoirs is difficult due to complex heterogeneity, large variability and uncertainty in reservoir properties, and lack of data that increase the production uncertainty. Previous methods are either...

  12. The Landau gauge gluon propagator at zero and finite temperature: accounting for the combined finite lattice spacing and finite volume effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Oliveira; P. J. Silva

    2012-10-30

    In the past years a good comprehension of the infrared gluon propagator has been achieved, with a good qualitative agreement between lattice results and Dyson-Schwinger equations. However, lattice simulations have been performed at physical volumes which are close to 20 fm but using a large lattice spacing. The interplay between volume effects and lattice spacing effects has not been investigated. Here we aim to fill this gap and address how the two effects change the gluon propagator in the infrared region. Furthermore, we provide infinite volume extrapolations which take into account the finite volume and finite lattice spacing. We also report on preliminary results for the gluon propagator at finite temperature.

  13. Experiments demonstrate that the null space of the rigidity matrix determines grain motion during vibration-induced compaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Hubard; C. S. O'Hern; M. D. Shattuck

    2015-05-27

    Using a previously developed experimental method to reduce friction in mechanically stable packings of disks, we find that frictional packings form tree-like structures of geometrical families that lie on reduced dimensional manifolds in configuration space. Each branch of the tree begins at a point in configuration space with an isostatic number of contacts and spreads out to sequentially higher dimensional manifolds as the number of contacts are reduced. We find that gravitational deposition of disks produces an initially under-coordinated packing stabilized by friction on a high-dimensional manifold. Using short vibration bursts to reduce friction, we compact the system through many stable configurations with increasing contact number and decreasing dimensionality until the system reaches an isostatic frictionless state. We find that this progression can be understood as the system moving through the null-space of the rigidity matrix defined by the interparticle contact network in the direction of the gravitational force. We suggest that this formalism can also be used to explain the evolution of frictional packings under other forcing conditions.

  14. Determining the quality and quantity of heat produced by proton exchange membrane fuel cells with application to air-cooled stacks for combined heat and power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Determining the quality and quantity of heat produced by proton exchange membrane fuel cells Determining the quality and quantity of heat produced by proton exchange membrane fuel cells with application). The experiments and simulations focused on the air-cooled Ballard Nexa fuel cell. The experimental

  15. Tevatron Combination of Single-Top-Quark Cross Sections and Determination of the Magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa Matrix Element V[subscript tb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aaltonen, T.

    We present the final combination of CDF and D0 measurements of cross sections for single-top-quark production in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The data correspond to total integrated ...

  16. Power combiner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, Mobius; Ives, Robert Lawrence

    2006-09-05

    A power combiner for the combining of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy comprises a feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for reflecting launched wave energy, and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of launched wave energy. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which comprises a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which comprises a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

  17. Eu3+ as a dual probe for the determination of IL anion donor power: A combined luminescence spectroscopic and electrochemical approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babai, Arash; Kopiec, Gabriel; Lackmann, Anastasia; Mallick, Bert; Pitula, Slawomir; Tang, Sifu; Mudring, Anja-Verena

    2014-04-01

    This work is aimed at giving proof that Eu(Tf2N)(3) (Tf2N = bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide) can act as both an optical and electrochemical probe for the determination of the Lewis acidity of an ionic liquid anion. For that reason the luminescence spectra and cyclic voltammograms of dilute solutions of Eu(Tf2N)(3) in various ionic liquids were investigated. The Eu2+/3+ redox potential in the investigated ILs can be related to the Lewis basicity of the IL anion. The IL cation had little influence. The lower the determined halfwave potential, the higher the IL anion basicity. The obtained ranking can be confirmed by luminescence spectroscopy where a bathochromic shift of the D-5(0) -> F-7(4) transition indicates a stronger Lewis basicity of the IL anion. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  18. Determination of Large-Scale Cloud Ice Water Concentration by Combining Surface Radar and Satellite Data in Support of ARM SCM Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guosheng

    2013-03-15

    Single-column modeling (SCM) is one of the key elements of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) research initiatives for the development and testing of various physical parameterizations to be used in general circulation models (GCMs). The data required for use with an SCM include observed vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor, and condensed water, as well as the large-scale vertical motion and tendencies of temperature, water vapor, and condensed water due to horizontal advection. Surface-based measurements operated at ARM sites and upper-air sounding networks supply most of the required variables for model inputs, but do not provide the horizontal advection term of condensed water. Since surface cloud radar and microwave radiometer observations at ARM sites are single-point measurements, they can provide the amount of condensed water at the location of observation sites, but not a horizontal distribution of condensed water contents. Consequently, observational data for the large-scale advection tendencies of condensed water have not been available to the ARM cloud modeling community based on surface observations alone. This lack of advection data of water condensate could cause large uncertainties in SCM simulations. Additionally, to evaluate GCMsâ�� cloud physical parameterization, we need to compare GCM results with observed cloud water amounts over a scale that is large enough to be comparable to what a GCM grid represents. To this end, the point-measurements at ARM surface sites are again not adequate. Therefore, cloud water observations over a large area are needed. The main goal of this project is to retrieve ice water contents over an area of 10 x 10 deg. surrounding the ARM sites by combining surface and satellite observations. Built on the progress made during previous ARM research, we have conducted the retrievals of 3-dimensional ice water content by combining surface radar/radiometer and satellite measurements, and have produced 3-D cloud ice water contents in support of cloud modeling activities. The approach of the study is to expand a (surface) point measurement to an (satellite) area measurement. That is, the study takes the advantage of the high quality cloud measurements (particularly cloud radar and microwave radiometer measurements) at the point of the ARM sites. We use the cloud ice water characteristics derived from the point measurement to guide/constrain a satellite retrieval algorithm, then use the satellite algorithm to derive the 3-D cloud ice water distributions within an 10�° (latitude) x 10�° (longitude) area. During the research period, we have developed, validated and improved our cloud ice water retrievals, and have produced and archived at ARM website as a PI-product of the 3-D cloud ice water contents using combined satellite high-frequency microwave and surface radar observations for SGP March 2000 IOP and TWP-ICE 2006 IOP over 10 deg. x 10 deg. area centered at ARM SGP central facility and Darwin sites. We have also worked on validation of the 3-D ice water product by CloudSat data, synergy with visible/infrared cloud ice water retrievals for better results at low ice water conditions, and created a long-term (several years) of ice water climatology in 10 x 10 deg. area of ARM SGP and TWP sites and then compared it with GCMs.

  19. Determination of the effect of different additives in coking blends using a combination of in situ high-temperature {sup 1}H NMR and rheometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miguel C. Diaz; Karen M. Steel; Trevor C. Drage; John W. Patrick; Colin E. Snape [Nottingham University, Nottingham (United Kingdom). Nottingham Fuel and Energy Centre, School of Chemical, Environmental and Mining Engineering

    2005-12-01

    High-temperature {sup 1}H NMR and rheometry measurements were carried out on 4:1 wt/wt blends of a medium volatile bituminous coal with two anthracites, two petroleum cokes, charcoal, wood, a low-temperature coke breeze, tyre crumb, and active carbon to determine the effects on fluidity development to identify the parameters responsible for these effects during pyrolysis and to study possible relationships among the parameters derived from these techniques. Positive, negative, and neutral effects were identified on the concentration of fluid material. Small positive effects (ca. 5-6%) were caused by blending the coal with petroleum cokes. Charcoal, wood, and active carbon all exerted negative effects on concentration (18-27% reduction) and mobility (12-25% reduction in T2) of the fluid phase, which have been associated with the inert character and high surface areas of these additives that adsorb the fluid phase of the coal. One of the anthracites and the low-temperature coke breeze caused deleterious effects to a lesser extent on the concentration (7-12%) and mobility (13-17%) of the fluid material, possibly due to the high concentration of metals in these additives (ca. 11% ash). Despite the high fluid character of tyre crumb at the temperature of maximum fluidity of the coal (73%), the mobility of the fluid phase of the blend was lower than expected. The comparison of {sup 1}H NMR and rheometry results indicated that to account for the variations in minimum complex viscosity for all the blends, both the maximum concentration of fluid phase and the maximum mobility of the fluid material had to be considered. For individual blends, two exponential relationships have been found between the complex viscosity and the concentration of solid phase in both the softening and resolidification stages but the parameters are different for each blend. 30 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  20. Combining Multiple Indicators to Determine Conservation Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; salmon; #12;v Dedication To interconnectedness, interdependence, and union. #12;vi Acknowledgements I would like to thank to Randall Peterman for his enthusiasm, support, and dedication. Thank you Andrew..............................................................................................................................iv Dedication

  1. An Innovative Approach to Balancing Chemical-Reaction Equations: A Simplified Matrix-Inversion Technique for Determining The Matrix Null Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence R. Thorne

    2011-10-18

    I propose a novel approach to balancing equations that is applicable to all chemical-reaction equations; it is readily accessible to students via scientific calculators and basic computer spreadsheets that have a matrix-inversion application. The new approach utilizes the familiar matrix-inversion operation in an unfamiliar and innovative way; its purpose is not to identify undetermined coefficients as usual, but, instead, to compute a matrix null space (or matrix kernel). The null space then provides the coefficients that balance the equation. Indeed, the null space contains everything there is to know about balancing any chemical-reaction equation!

  2. CX-100363 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination CX-100363 Categorical Exclusion Determination Marine Algae Industrialization Consortium (MAGIC): Combining biofuel and high-value bioproducts to...

  3. High-precision CoRoT space photometry and fundamental parameter determination of the B2.5V star HD 48977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thoul, Anne; Catala, Claude; Aerts, Conny; Morel, Thierry; Briquet, Maryline; Hillen, Michel; Raskin, Gert; Van Winckel, Hans; Auvergne, Michel; Baglin, Annie; Baudin, Frédéric; Michel, Eric

    2012-01-01

    We present the CoRoT light curve of the bright B2.5V star HD 48977 observed during a short run of the mission in 2008, as well as a high-resolution spectrum gathered with the HERMES spectrograph at the Mercator telescope. We use several time series analysis tools to explore the nature of the variations present in the light curve. We perform a detailed analysis of the spectrum of the star to determine its fundamental parameters and its element abundances. We find a large number of high-order g-modes, and one rotationally induced frequency. We find stable low-amplitude frequencies in the p-mode regime as well. We conclude that HD 48977 is a new Slowly Pulsating B star with fundamental parameters found to be Teff = 20000 $\\pm$ 1000 K and log(g)=4.2 $/pm$ 0.1. The element abundances are similar to those found for other B stars in the solar neighbourhood. HD 48977 was observed during a short run of the CoRoT satellite implying that the frequency precision is insufficient to perform asteroseismic modelling of the s...

  4. The Space of Metric Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    *D. J. Kelleher

    2013-11-16

    The Space of Metric Spaces. *D. J. Kelleher1. 1Department of Mathematics. University of Connecticut. UConn— SIGMA Seminar — Fall 2013. D. J. Kelleher.

  5. Building America Case study: Advanced Controls Improve Performance of Combination Space and Water Heating Systems, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels ResearchofDerivativeColdSealed Crawl SpacesControls Improve

  6. Space Kimchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Oborny, Jaimie; Tsutsui, William

    2006-07-05

    Broadcast Transcript: In space, no one can hear you scream... but did you know that in space no one can detect your smell either? The smell-taste connection means that food in space is not only weightless but tasteless, too. What's a flavor...

  7. CX-008778: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008778: Categorical Exclusion Determination Combined Crew Vegetation Management on the Curecanti-Poncha 230 Kilovolt Transmission Line...

  8. Band alignment at Cu{sub 2}O/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} interface: A combined experimental-theoretical determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantoni, M.; Petti, D.; Bertacco, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica, L-NESS, Politecnico di Milano, Via Anzani 42, 22100 Como (Italy); Pallecchi, I.; Marre, D. [CNR-SPIN, C.so Perrone 24, 16152 Genova (Italy); Colizzi, G.; Filippetti, A.; Fiorentini, V. [CNR-IOM SLACS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari, S.P. Monserrato-Sestu Km. 0.700, Monserrato, 09042 Cagliari (Italy)

    2010-07-19

    Cu{sub 2}O/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} is a promising heterostructure for the realization of all-oxide spintronics devices, with La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO) and Cu{sub 2}O playing the roles of ferromagnet and semiconductor, respectively. Here we use x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and first principles calculations to determine the valence band offset at the Cu{sub 2}O/LSMO interface. The interface band alignment is typical of a p-type semiconductor/metal contact, with an interface barrier of 0.3-0.5 eV depending on Cu{sub 2}O thickness. The calculated energetics indicates that the prevailing interface is between SrO-terminated LSMO and Cu planes of Cu{sub 2}O.

  9. Orbit Spaces in Superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vittorino Talamini

    2006-07-30

    In the framework of Landau theory of phase transitions one is interested to describe all the possible low symmetry ``superconducting'' phases allowed for a given superconductor crystal and to determine the conditions under which this crystal undergoes a phase transition. These problems are best described and analyzed in the orbit space of the high symmetry group of the ``normal, non-superconducting'' phase of the crystal. In this article it is worked out a simple example concerning superconductivity, that shows the P-matrix method to determine the equations and inequalities defining the orbit space and its stratification. This approach is of general validity and can be used in all physical problems that make use of invariant functions, as long as the symmetry group is compact.

  10. Architecture and Public Space: Lessons From Sao Paulo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lima, Zeuler R.M.A.

    2007-01-01

    Architecture and Public Space: Lessons From São Paulo ZeulerCongrès International d’Architecture Moderne), which focusedbeen to combine “good architecture and the continuous life

  11. Parameter space region in the collisional magnetized electronegative plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yasserian, Kiomars; Aslaninejad, Morteza

    2010-02-15

    The influence of the elastic collisions on the structure of a magnetized electronegative discharge is investigated. For a constant magnetic field, the profiles of the velocities of positive ions, the density of species, and electric potential are obtained. Furthermore, the positive ion flux is obtained as a function of magnetic field strength for different values of the collision frequency. The results show that in the absence of collision in a constant magnetic field, the discharge structure is uniform while by taking the collision into account, the structure becomes multilayer stratified. By increasing the collision frequency the discharge leaves the multilayer structure, and related oscillations in the plasma potential and space charge vanish. The parameter space region is obtained for collisionless and collisional cases. In this paper it is shown that a combined effect of collision and magnetic field determines the presheath-sheath structure.

  12. Klystron-linac combination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stein, W.E.

    1980-04-24

    A combination klystron-linear accelerator which utilizes anti-bunch electrons generated in the klystron section as a source of electrons to be accelerated in the accelerator section. Electron beam current is controlled by second harmonic bunching, constrictor aperture size and magnetic focusing. Rf coupling is achieved by internal and external coupling.

  13. CX-010239: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Determination CX-010239: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low-Cost Gas Heat Pump for Building Space Heating CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 02142013 Location(s):...

  14. Combined Cycle Cogeneration at NALCO Chemical 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thunem, C. B.; Jacobs, K. W.; Hanzel, W.

    1985-01-01

    approach for determining the most economical system design. Generation capacity ranging from 2.7 MW up to 7.0 MW in both simple cycle cogeneration and combined cycle cogeneration was analyzed. Both single pressure and dual pressure waste heat boilers were...

  15. SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL World's Smallest Universal Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL NANO TECH World's Smallest, professor of mechanical Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email Space - War - Earth - Energy - China your email yes Search All Of Our Sites In One Search SpaceDaily - SpaceWar - TerraDaily Search Horacio D

  16. A combined cycle engine test facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engers, R.; Cresci, D.; Tsai, C.

    1995-09-01

    Rocket-Based Combined-Cycle (RBCC) engines intended for missiles and/or space launch applications incorporate features of rocket propulsion systems operating in concert with airbreathing engine cycles. Performance evaluation of these types of engines, which are intended to operate from static sea level take-off to supersonic cruise or accerlerate to orbit, requires ground test capabilities which integrate rocket component testing with airbreathing engine testing. A combined cycle engine test facility has been constructed in the General Applied Science Laboratories, Inc. (GASL) Aeropropulsion Test Laboratory to meet this requirement. The facility was designed to support the development of an innovative combined cycle engine concept which features a rocket based ramjet combustor. The test requirements included the ability to conduct tests in which the propulsive force was generated by rocket only, the ramjet only and simultaneous rocket and ramjet power (combined cycle) to evaluate combustor operation over the entire engine cycle. The test facility provides simulation over the flight Mach number range of 0 to 8 and at various trajectories. The capabilities of the combined cycle engine test facility are presented.

  17. Lyapunov functions nonlinear spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr

    Lyapunov functions on nonlinear spaces R. Sepulchre -- University of Liege, Belgium Reykjavik - July 2013 Constructing Lyapunov functions: a personal journey · Lyap functions in linear spaces (1994: homogeneous spaces with flat, positive, and negative curvature) Lyapunov functions in linear spaces 3

  18. Social Media: Space Weather #SpaceWeather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.swpc.noaa.gov/impacts/spaceweatherandgpssystems #SpaceWeather #12;Space Weather Impacts on the Power Grid Facebook The electric power grid. To learn about space weather and impacts to the electric grid visit http on the Power Grid Space Weather and the Aurora Borealis What are Solar Flares? What are Coronal Mass

  19. Dynamical 3-Space: Emergent Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reginald T Cahill

    2011-02-16

    The laws of gravitation devised by Newton, and by Hilbert and Einstein, have failed many experimental and observational tests, namely the bore hole g anomaly, flat rotation curves for spiral galaxies, supermassive black hole mass spectrum, uniformly expanding universe, cosmic filaments, laboratory G measurements, galactic EM bending, precocious galaxy formation,.. The response has been the introduction of the new epicycles: ``dark matter", ``dark energy", and others. To understand gravity we must restart with the experimental discoveries by Galileo, and following a heuristic argument we are led to a uniquely determined theory of a dynamical 3-space. That 3-space exists has been missed from the beginning of physics, although it was 1st directly detected by Michelson and Morley in 1887. Uniquely generalising the quantum theory to include this dynamical 3-space we deduce the response of quantum matter and show that it results in a new account of gravity, and explains the above anomalies and others. The dynamical theory for this 3-space involves G, which determines the dissipation rate of space by matter, and alpha, which experiments and observation reveal to be the fine structure constant. For the 1st time we have a comprehensive account of space and matter and their interaction - gravity.

  20. Space-Based Infrared Near-Earth Asteroid Survey Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. F. Tedesco; K. Muinonen; S. D. Price

    2000-04-16

    We demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of using a satellite-based sensor with visual and infrared focal plane arrays to search for NEAs with orbits largely interior to the Earth's orbit. Such a space-based system could detect approximately 97% of the Atens and 64% of the, as yet hypothetical, objects with orbits entirely Interior to Earth's Orbit with diameters greater than 1 km in a five-year mission and obtain orbits, albedos and diameters for all of them. These are the results of a feasibility study; optimizing the concept presented would result in greater levels of completion. The cost of such a space-based system is estimated to be within a factor of two of the cost of a ground-based system capable of about 21st magnitude, which would provide only orbits and absolute magnitudes and require decades to reach these completeness levels. In addition to obtaining albedos and diameters for the asteroids discovered in the space-based survey, a space-based system would obtain the same information on virtually all known NEOs of interest. A combined space-based and ground-based survey would be highly synergistic in that each can concentrate on what it does best and each complements the strengths of the other. An integrated ground-based and space-based system could accomplish the Spaceguard goal in less time than the ground-based system alone. In addition, the result would be a catalog containing well-determined orbits, diameters, and albedos for the majority of NEAs with diameters greater than 500 m.

  1. Superpotentials, quantum parameter space and phase transitions in N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Álvarez; Luis Martínez Alonso; Elena Medina

    2013-04-08

    We study the superpotentials, quantum parameter space and phase transitions that arise in the study of large N dualities between $\\mathcal{N}=1$ SUSY U(N) gauge theories and string models on local Calabi-Yau manifolds. The main tool of our analysis is a notion of spectral curve characterized by a set of complex partial 't Hooft parameters and cuts given by projections on the spectral curve of minimal supersymmetric cycles of the underlying Calabi-Yau manifold. In particular we show how prepotentials and superpotentials can be associated to spectral curves without relying on any holomorphic matrix model. As an application, we use a combination of analytical and numerical methods to study the cubic model, determine the analytic condition satisfied by critical one-cut spectral curves, and characterize the transition curves between the one-cut and two-cut phases both in the space of spectral curves and in the quantum parameter space.

  2. Bias-field controlled phasing and power combination of gyromagnetic nonlinear transmission lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reale, D. V. Bragg, J.-W. B.; Gonsalves, N. R.; Johnson, J. M.; Neuber, A. A.; Dickens, J. C.; Mankowski, J. J.

    2014-05-15

    Gyromagnetic Nonlinear Transmission Lines (NLTLs) generate microwaves through the damped gyromagnetic precession of the magnetic moments in ferrimagnetic material, and are thus utilized as compact, solid-state, frequency agile, high power microwave (HPM) sources. The output frequency of a NLTL can be adjusted by control of the externally applied bias field and incident voltage pulse without physical alteration to the structure of the device. This property provides a frequency tuning capability not seen in many conventional e-beam based HPM sources. The NLTLs developed and tested are mesoband sources capable of generating MW power levels in the L, S, and C bands of the microwave spectrum. For an individual NLTL the output power at a given frequency is determined by several factors including the intrinsic properties of the ferrimagnetic material and the transmission line structure. Hence, if higher power levels are to be achieved, it is necessary to combine the outputs of multiple NLTLs. This can be accomplished in free space using antennas or in a transmission line via a power combiner. Using a bias-field controlled delay, a transient, high voltage, coaxial, three port, power combiner was designed and tested. Experimental results are compared with the results of a transient COMSOL simulation to evaluate combiner performance.

  3. Ash Determinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Germination of Ashe juniper seed were compared in a controlled environment at different levels of fruit maturation, lengths of storage, and seed stratification to determine potential germination. Annual mean germination varied by an order...

  4. Girlhood Geographies: Mapping Gendered Spaces in Victorian Literature for Children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Sonya Sawyer

    2012-02-14

    in their ability to determine and engage in behavior appropriate to the spaces in which they lived. I argue that, by portraying girls' negotiation of the spaces of the home, outdoors, school, and street, Victorian children's literature sought to organize...

  5. Normal, Not Paracompact Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleissner, William G.

    1982-07-01

    We describe some recently constructed counterexamples in general topology, including a normal, nonmetrizable Moore space, a normal para-Lindelof, not paracompact space, and a normal, screenable, not paracompact space....

  6. Space Solar Power Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arif, H.; Barbosa, H.; Bardet, C.; Baroud, M.; Behar, A.; Berrier, K.; Berthe, P.; Bertrand, R.; Bibyk, I.; Bisson, J.; Bloch, L.; Bobadilla, G.; Bourque, D.; Bush, L.; Carandang, R.; Chiku, T.; Crosby, N.; De Seixas, M.; De Vries, J.; Doll, S.; Dufour, F.; Eckart, P.; Fahey, M.; Fenot, F.; Foeckersperger, S.; Fontaine, J.E.; Fowler, R.; Frey, H.; Fujio, H.; Gasa, J.M.; Gleave, J.; Godoe, J.; Green, I.; Haeberli, R.; Hanada, T.; Ha

    1992-08-01

    Information pertaining to the Space Solar Power Program is presented on energy analysis; markets; overall development plan; organizational plan; environmental and safety issues; power systems; space transportation; space manufacturing, construction, operations; design examples; and finance.

  7. Sculpting space through sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakagawa, Junko, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    How does one experience space? What kind of information do humans collect in the process of constructing space in their mind? How does one begin to understand volume, light, texture, material, smell and sense of space? The ...

  8. A golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos space technology deployed on scientific satellites has helped scientists worldwide determine the elemental composition of the surface of the moon, including the...

  9. Jets in Effective Theory: Summing Phase Space Logs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Trott

    2006-11-27

    We demonstrate how to resum phase space logarithms in the Sterman-Weinberg (SW) dijet decay rate within the context of Soft Collinear Effective theory (SCET). An operator basis corresponding to two and three jet events is defined in SCET and renormalized. We obtain the RGE of the two and three jet operators and run the operators from the scale $\\mu^2 = Q^2$ to the phase space scale $ \\mu^2_\\delta = \\delta^2 Q^2$. This phase space scale, where $\\delta$ is the cone half angle of the jet, defines the angular region of the jet. At $ \\mu^2_{\\delta}$ we determine the mixing of the three and two jet operators. We combine these results with the running of the two jet shape function, which we run down to an energy cut scale $\\mu^2_{\\beta}$. This defines the resumed SW dijet decay rate in the context of SCET. The approach outlined here demonstrates how to establish a jet definition in the context of SCET. This allows a program of systematically improving the theoretical precision of jet phenomenology to be carried out.

  10. Performance Analysis of Fully Joint Diversity Combining, Adaptive Modulation, and Power Control Schemes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouida, Zied

    2010-01-14

    , the number of combined diversity paths, and the needed power level are determined jointly to achieve the highest spectral efficiency with the lowest possible combining complexity, given the fading channel conditions and the required bit error rate (BER...

  11. Space System Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McManus, Dr. Hugh

    Final Report of SSPARC: the Space Systems, Policy, and Architecture Research Consortium (Thrust II and III)

  12. CX-010234: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exclusion Determination Alternate Spacing Heating Systems Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump CX(s) Applied: A9, B1.31, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 02142013 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s):...

  13. Combination moisture and hydrogen getter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Not Available

    1982-04-29

    A combination moisture and hydrogen getter comprises (a) a moisture getter comprising a readily oxidizable metal; and (b) a hydrogen getter comprising (i) a solid acetylenic compound and (ii) a hydrogenation catalyst. A method of scavenging moisture from a closed container uses the combination moisture and hydrogen getter to irreversibly chemically reduce the moisture and chemically bind the reusltant hydrogen.

  14. On-orbit serviceability of space system architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Matthew G

    2006-01-01

    On-orbit servicing is the process of improving a space-based capability through a combination of in-orbit activities which may include inspection; rendezvous and docking; and value-added modifications to a satellite's ...

  15. The market and technical potential for combined heat and power in the commercial/institutional sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2000-01-01

    Report of an analysis to determine the potential for cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) in the commercial/institutional market.

  16. Social Media: Space Weather #SpaceWeather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    causing blackouts in rare cases. To learn about space weather and impacts to the electric grid visit on the Power Grid Space Weather and the Aurora Borealis What are Solar Flares? What are Coronal Mass we do. Satellite communications, GPS applications, and the electric power grid provide the backbone

  17. Combining Metaheuristics and CSP Algorithms to solve Sudoku Marlos C. Machado and Luiz Chaimowicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaimowicz, Luiz

    Combining Metaheuristics and CSP Algorithms to solve Sudoku Marlos C. Machado and Luiz Chaimowicz Problem (CSP) domain that speed up the solution's search process by decreasing its search space and its

  18. Combining attosecond XUV pulses with coincidence spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabbar, M. Heuser, S.; Boge, R.; Lucchini, M.; Cirelli, C.; Keller, U.; Gallmann, L.

    2014-10-15

    Here we present a successful combination of an attosecond beamline with a COLTRIMS apparatus, which we refer to as AttoCOLTRIMS. The setup provides either single attosecond pulses or attosecond pulse trains for extreme ultraviolet-infrared pump-probe experiments. We achieve full attosecond stability by using an active interferometer stabilization. The capability of the setup is demonstrated by means of two measurements, which lie at the heart of the COLTRIMS detector: firstly, we resolve the rotating electric field vector of an elliptically polarized few-cycle infrared laser field by attosecond streaking exploiting the access to the 3D momentum space of the charged particles. Secondly, we show streaking measurements on different atomic species obtained simultaneously in a single measurement making use of the advantage of measuring ions and electrons in coincidence. Both of these studies demonstrate the potential of the AttoCOLTRIMS for attosecond science.

  19. Autonomous grain combine control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoskinson, Reed L.; Kenney, Kevin L.; Lucas, James R.; Prickel, Marvin A.

    2013-06-25

    A system for controlling a grain combine having a rotor/cylinder, a sieve, a fan, a concave, a feeder, a header, an engine, and a control system. The feeder of the grain combine is engaged and the header is lowered. A separator loss target, engine load target, and a sieve loss target are selected. Grain is harvested with the lowered header passing the grain through the engaged feeder. Separator loss, sieve loss, engine load and ground speed of the grain combine are continuously monitored during the harvesting. If the monitored separator loss exceeds the selected separator loss target, the speed of the rotor/cylinder, the concave setting, the engine load target, or a combination thereof is adjusted. If the monitored sieve loss exceeds the selected sieve loss target, the speed of the fan, the size of the sieve openings, or the engine load target is adjusted.

  20. Space Science and Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the first measurements of Earth's space radiation environment and the discovery of gamma-ray bursts. The majority of ISR-1 staff hold PhDs in Space Physics, Nuclear Physics, or...

  1. Senior Space Camp 2015, Andya Space Center, Norway Senior Space Camp 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerhardy, Philipp

    Senior Space Camp 2015, Andøya Space Center, Norway Senior Space Camp 2015 Arrangører: Nasjonalt deltakere Sted: Andøya Space Center (ASC), Andøya, Norway Undervisning: Programmet er delt mellom, Andøya Space Center, Norway FORELESERE / ADMINISTRASJON Tittel Etternavn Fornavn Initialer Organisasjon

  2. SHIELDING ANALYSIS FOR PORTABLE GAUGING COMBINATION SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. TOMPKINS; L. LEONARD; ET AL

    2000-08-01

    Radioisotopic decay has been used as a source of photons and neutrons for industrial gauging operations since the late 1950s. Early portable moisture/density gauging equipment used Americium (Am)-241/Beryllium (Be)/Cesium (Cs)-137 combination sources to supply the required nuclear energy for gauging. Combination sources typically contained 0.040 Ci of Am-241 and 0.010 Ci of CS-137 in the same source capsule. Most of these sources were manufactured approximately 30 years ago. Collection, transportation, and storage of these sources once removed from their original device represent a shielding problem with distinct gamma and neutron components. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project is planning to use a multi-function drum (MFD) for the collection, shipping, and storage of AmBe sources, as well as the eventual waste package for disposal. The MFD is an approved TRU waste container design for DOE TRU waste known as the 12 inch Pipe Component Overpack. As the name indicates, this drum is based on a 12 inch ID stainless steel weldment approximately 25 inch in internal length. The existing drum design allows for addition of shielding within the pipe component up to the 110 kg maximum pay load weight. The 12 inch pipe component is packaged inside a 55-gallon drum, with the balance of the interior space filled with fiberboard dunnage. This packaging geometry is similar to the design of a DOT 6M, Type B shipping container.

  3. CoRoT 102749568: mode identification in a delta Scuti star based on regular spacings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paparo, M; Benko, J M; Gandolfi, D; Moya, A; Suarez, J C; Sodor, A; Hareter, M; Poretti, E; Guenther, E W; Auvergne, M; Baglin, A; Weiss, W W

    2013-01-01

    The high accuracy of space data increased the number of the periodicities determined for pulsating variable stars, but the mode identification is still a critical point in the non-asymptotic regime. We use regularities in frequency spacings for identifying the pulsation modes of the recently discovered delta Sct star ID 102749568. In addition to analysing CoRoT light curves (15252 datapoints spanning 131 days), we obtained and analysed both spectroscopic and extended multi-colour photometric data. We applied standard tools (MUFRAN, Period04, SigSpec, and FAMIAS) for time-series analysis. A satisfactory light-curve fit was obtaining by means of 52 independent modes and 15 combination terms. The frequency spacing revealed distinct peaks around large (25.55-31.43 microHz), intermediate (9.80, 7.66 microHz), and low (2.35 microHz) separations. We directly identified 9 modes, and the l and n values of other three modes were extrapolated. The combined application of spectroscopy, multi-colour photometry, and modell...

  4. Characterization, performance and optimization of PVDF as a piezoelectric film for advanced space mirror concepts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Gary D.; Assink, Roger Alan; Dargaville, Tim Richard; Chaplya, Pavel Mikhail; Clough, Roger Lee; Elliott, Julie M.; Martin, Jeffrey W.; Mowery, Daniel Michael; Celina, Mathew Christopher

    2005-11-01

    Piezoelectric polymers based on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) are of interest for large aperture space-based telescopes as adaptive or smart materials. Dimensional adjustments of adaptive polymer films depend on controlled charge deposition. Predicting their long-term performance requires a detailed understanding of the piezoelectric material features, expected to suffer due to space environmental degradation. Hence, the degradation and performance of PVDF and its copolymers under various stress environments expected in low Earth orbit has been reviewed and investigated. Various experiments were conducted to expose these polymers to elevated temperature, vacuum UV, {gamma}-radiation and atomic oxygen. The resulting degradative processes were evaluated. The overall materials performance is governed by a combination of chemical and physical degradation processes. Molecular changes are primarily induced via radiative damage, and physical damage from temperature and atomic oxygen exposure is evident as depoling, loss of orientation and surface erosion. The effects of combined vacuum UV radiation and atomic oxygen resulted in expected surface erosion and pitting rates that determine the lifetime of thin films. Interestingly, the piezo responsiveness in the underlying bulk material remained largely unchanged. This study has delivered a comprehensive framework for material properties and degradation sensitivities with variations in individual polymer performances clearly apparent. The results provide guidance for material selection, qualification, optimization strategies, feedback for manufacturing and processing, or alternative materials. Further material qualification should be conducted via experiments under actual space conditions.

  5. Determining Interactions in PSA models: Application to a Space PSA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Smith; E. Borgonovo

    2010-06-01

    This paper addresses use of an importance measure interaction study of a probabilistic risk analysis (PSA) performed for a hypothetical aerospace lunar mission. The PSA methods used in this study follow the general guidance provided in the NASA Probabilistic Risk Assessment Procedures Guide for NASA Managers and Practitioners. For the PSA portion, we used phased-based event tree and fault tree logic structures are used to model a lunar mission, including multiple phases (from launch to return to the Earth surface) and multiple critical systems. Details of the analysis results are not provided in this paper – instead specific basic events are denoted by number (e.g., the first event is 1, the second is 2, and so on). However, in the model, we used approximately 150 fault trees and over 800 basic events. Following analysis and truncation of cut sets, we were left with about 400 basic events to evaluate. We used this model to explore interactions between different basic events and systems. These sensitivity studies provide high-level insights into features of the PSA for the hypothetical lunar mission.

  6. Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Arunabha S.; Roy, S. M.

    2014-01-15

    We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.

  7. TANK SPACE OPTIONS REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WILLIS WL; AHRENDT MR

    2009-08-11

    Since this report was originally issued in 2001, several options proposed for increasing double-shell tank (DST) storage space were implemented or are in the process of implementation. Changes to the single-shell tank (SST) waste retrieval schedule, completion of DST space saving options, and the DST space saving options in progress have delayed the projected shortfall of DST storage space from the 2007-2011 to the 2018-2025 timeframe (ORP-11242, River Protection Project System Plan). This report reevaluates options from Rev. 0 and includes evaluations of new options for alleviating projected restrictions on SST waste retrieval beginning in 2018 because of the lack of DST storage space.

  8. Eddy current measurement of tube element spacing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Latham, Wayne Meredith (Forest, VA); Hancock, Jimmy Wade (Lynchburg, VA); Grut, Jayne Marie (Madison Heights, VA)

    1998-01-01

    A method of electromagnetically measuring the distance between adjacent tube elements in a heat exchanger. A cylindrical, high magnetic permeability ferrite slug is placed in the tube adjacent the spacing to be measured. A bobbin or annular coil type probe operated in the absolute mode is inserted into a second tube adjacent the spacing to be measured. From prior calibrations on the response of the eddy current coil, the signals from the coil, when sensing the presence of the ferrite slug, are used to determine the spacing between the tubes.

  9. Combining Passive Haptics with Redirected Walking luv@cs.unc.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Combining Passive Haptics with Redirected Walking Luv Kohli luv@cs.unc.edu Eric Burns burns of haptic feedback and constraints imposed by limited tracker space. Passive haptic feedback has been used introduce a method by which they can be combined to address both problems simultaneously. Key words: passive

  10. Decoherence, determinism and chaos revisited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noyes, H.P.

    1994-11-15

    We suggest that the derivation of the free space Maxwell Equations for classical electromagnetism, using a discrete ordered calculus developed by L.H. Kauffman and T. Etter, necessarily pushes the discussion of determinism in natural science down to the level of relativistic quantum mechanics and hence renders the mathematical phenomena studied in deterministic chaos research irrelevant to the question of whether the world investigated by physics is deterministic. We believe that this argument reinforces Suppes` contention that the issue of determinism versus indeterminism should be viewed as a Kantian antinomy incapable of investigation using currently available scientific tools.

  11. Combining fundamental research of experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    . Profile courses: Kite Power and Propulsion, Wind Turbine Aeroelasticity, Wind Turbine Design and Site of it in the design of next generation wind turbines. At TU Delft we offer you a leading academic programme Energy combines fundamental and applied research disciplines of aerospace an wind-power systems, focusing

  12. Space Systems Finland 1 Deployment in the Space Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    © Space Systems Finland 1 Deployment in the Space Sector #12;© Space Systems Finland 2 SW Constraints Design Requirements User Requirements SW Requirements #12;© Space Systems Finland 3 The space, but there is no viable alternative · Many requirements are not testable #12;© Space Systems Finland 4 SSF OBJECTIVES

  13. UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, Mahesh

    UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP ESA Lunar Lander ­ L-DEPP C.J. Owen and D.O. Kataria UCL/MSSL #12;UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP is LEIA necessary? · Potential UK benefits · Summary #12;UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE

  14. No Prejudice in Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cotta, R.C.; Gainer, J.S.; Hewett, J.L.; Rizzo, T.G.; /SLAC

    2010-08-26

    We present a summary of recent results obtained from a scan of the 19-dimensional parameter space of the pMSSM and its implications for dark matter searches. We have generated a large set of points in parameter space (which we call 'models') for the 19-parameter CP-conserving pMSSM, where MFV has been assumed. We subjected these models to numerous experimental and theoretical constraints to obtain a set of {approx}68 K models which are consistent with existing data. We attempted to be somewhat conservative in our implementation of these constraints; in particular we only demanded that the relic density of the LSP not be greater than the measured value of {Omega}H{sup 2} for non-baryonic dark matter, rather than assuming that the LSP must account for the entire observed relic density. Examining the properties of the neutralinos in these models, we find that many are relatively pure gauge eigenstates with Higgsinos being the most common, followed by Winos. The relative prevalence of Higgsino and Wino LSPs leads many of our models to have a chargino as nLSP, often with a relatively small mass splitting between this nLSP and the LSP; this has important consequences in both collider and astroparticle phenomenology. We find that, in general, the LSP in our models provides a relatively small ({approx} 4%) contribution to the dark matter, however there is a long tail to this distribution and a substantial number of models for which the LSP makes up all or most of the dark matter. Typically these neutralinos are mostly Binos. Examining the signatures of our models in direct and indirect dark matter detection experiments, we find a wide range of signatures for both cases. In particular, we find a much larger range of WIMP-nucleon cross sections than is found in any particular model of SUSY-breaking. As these cross sections also enter the regions of parameter space suggested by non-SUSY models, it appears that the discovery of WIMPs in direct detection experiments might not be sufficient to determine the correct model of the underlying physics. As a first look at the signatures of these models in indirect detection experiments, we examined whether our models could explain the PAMELA excess in the positron to electron ratio at high energies. We find that there are models which fit the PAMELA data rather well, and some of these have significantly smaller boost factors than generally assumed for a thermal relic. The study of the pMSSM presents exciting new possibilities for SUSY phenomenology. The next few years will hopefully see important discoveries both in colliders and in satellite or ground-based astrophysical experiments. It is important that we follow the data and not our existing prejudices; hopefully this sort of relatively model-independent approach to collider and astrophysical phenomenology can be useful in this regard.

  15. Matter: Space without Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yousef Ghazi-Tabatabai

    2012-11-19

    While Quantum Gravity remains elusive and Quantum Field Theory retains the interpretational difficulties of Quantum Mechanics, we have introduced an alternate approach to the unification of particles, fields, space and time, suggesting that the concept of matter as space without time provides a framework which unifies matter with spacetime and in which we anticipate the development of complete theories (ideally a single unified theory) describing observed 'particles, charges, fields and forces' solely with the geometry of our matter-space-time universe.

  16. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Revised: December, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings...

  17. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other All Buildings*...

  18. Newtonian Lorentz Metric Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costea, Serban

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies Newtonian Sobolev-Lorentz spaces. We prove that these spaces are Banach. We also study the global p,q-capacity and the p,q-modulus of families of rectifiable curves. Under some additional assumptions (that is, the space carries a doubling measure and a weak Poincare inequality) and some restrictions on q, we show that the Lipschitz functions are dense in those spaces. Moreover, in the same setting we also show that the p,q-capacity is Choquet provided that q is strictly greater than 1. We provide a counterexample for the density result of Lipschitz functions in the Euclidean setting.

  19. AB Space Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin

    2008-03-02

    On 4 January 2007 the author published the article Wireless Transfer of Electricity in Outer Space in http://arxiv.org wherein he offered and researched a new revolutionary method of transferring electric energy in space. In that same article, he offered a new engine which produces a large thrust without throwing away large amounts of reaction mass (unlike the conventional rocket engine). In the current article, the author develops the theory of this kind of impulse engine and computes a sample project which shows the big possibilities opened by this new AB-Space Engine. The AB-Space Engine gets the energy from ground-mounted power; a planet electric station can transfer electricity up to 1000 millions (and more) of kilometers by plasma wires. Author shows that AB-Space Engine can produce thrust of 10 tons (and more). That can accelerate a space ship to some thousands of kilometers/second. AB-Space Engine has a staggering specific impulse owing to the very small mass expended. The AB-Space Engine reacts not by expulsion of its own mass (unlike rocket engine) but against the mass of its planet of origin (located perhaps a thousand of millions of kilometers away) through the magnetic field of its plasma cable. For creating this plasma cable the AB-Space Engine spends only some kg of hydrogen.

  20. Passive solar space heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1980-01-01

    An overview of passive solar space heating is presented indicating trends in design, new developments, performance measures, analytical design aids, and monitored building results.

  1. Neutron Tomography and Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egbert, Hal; Walker, Ronald; Flocchini, R.

    2007-01-01

    Kevin Shields, “Optimization of neutron tomography for rapidNEUTRON TOMOGRAPHY AND SPACE Hal Egbert, Ronald Walker, R.industrial applications[1]. Neutron Computed Tomography was

  2. Contestation of Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalili, Nura

    2012-01-01

    city and a neighboring refugee camp. It seeks to narrate thechange, and the neighboring refugee camp. The public parkoccurring in Ramallah between refugee and non-refugee space.

  3. Multimegawatt space power reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dearien, J.A.; Whitbeck, J.F.

    1989-01-01

    In response to the need of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and long range space exploration and extra-terrestrial basing by the National Air and Space Administration (NASA), concepts for nuclear power systems in the multi-megawatt levels are being designed and evaluated. The requirements for these power systems are being driven primarily by the need to minimize weight and maximize safety and reliability. This paper will discuss the present requirements for space based advanced power systems, technological issues associated with the development of these advanced nuclear power systems, and some of the concepts proposed for generating large amounts of power in space. 31 figs.

  4. Curved Space or Curved Vacuum?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric V. Linder

    2005-10-11

    While the simple picture of a spatially flat, matter plus cosmological constant universe fits current observation of the accelerated expansion, strong consideration has also been given to models with dynamical vacuum energy. We examine the tradeoff of ``curving'' the vacuum but retaining spatial flatness, vs. curving space but retaining the cosmological constant. These different breakdowns in the simple picture could readily be distinguished by combined high accuracy supernovae and cosmic microwave background distance measurements. If we allow the uneasy situation of both breakdowns, the curvature can still be measured to 1%, but at the price of degrading estimation of the equation of state time variation by 60% or more, unless additional information (such as weak lensing data or a tight matter density prior) is included.

  5. Phase Space Dissimilarity Measures for Structural Health Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bubacz, Jacob A; Chmielewski, Hana T; Pape, Alexander E; Depersio, Andrew J; Hively, Lee M; Abercrombie, Robert K; Boone, Shane

    2011-11-01

    A novel method for structural health monitoring (SHM), known as the Phase Space Dissimilarity Measures (PSDM) approach, is proposed and developed. The patented PSDM approach has already been developed and demonstrated for a variety of equipment and biomedical applications. Here, we investigate SHM of bridges via analysis of time serial accelerometer measurements. This work has four aspects. The first is algorithm scalability, which was found to scale linearly from one processing core to four cores. Second, the same data are analyzed to determine how the use of the PSDM approach affects sensor placement. We found that a relatively low-density placement sufficiently captures the dynamics of the structure. Third, the same data are analyzed by unique combinations of accelerometer axes (vertical, longitudinal, and lateral with respect to the bridge) to determine how the choice of axes affects the analysis. The vertical axis is found to provide satisfactory SHM data. Fourth, statistical methods were investigated to validate the PSDM approach for this application, yielding statistically significant results.

  6. Large aperture diffractive space telescope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

  7. Space Fiesta - 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    We study the geometric classi?cation of Banach spaces via Lipschitz, uniformly continuous, and coarse mappings. We prove that a Banach space which is uniformly homeomorphic to a linear quotient of lp is itself a linear quotient of lp when p<2...

  8. AB Space Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    On 4 January 2007 the author published the article Wireless Transfer of Electricity in Outer Space in http://arxiv.org wherein he offered and researched a new revolutionary method of transferring electric energy in space. In that same article, he offered a new engine which produces a large thrust without throwing away large amounts of reaction mass (unlike the conventional rocket engine). In the current article, the author develops the theory of this kind of impulse engine and computes a sample project which shows the big possibilities opened by this new AB-Space Engine. The AB-Space Engine gets the energy from ground-mounted power; a planet electric station can transfer electricity up to 1000 millions (and more) of kilometers by plasma wires. Author shows that AB-Space Engine can produce thrust of 10 tons (and more). That can accelerate a space ship to some thousands of kilometers/second. AB-Space Engine has a staggering specific impulse owing to the very small mass expended. The AB-Space Engine reacts not b...

  9. Moduli Spaces and Grassmannian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia-Ming Liou; Albert Schwarz

    2012-04-12

    We calculate the homomorphism of the cohomology induced by the Krichever map of moduli spaces of curves into infinite-dimensional Grassmannian. This calculation can be used to compute the homology classes of cycles on moduli spaces of curves that are defined in terms of Weierstrass points.

  10. SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technology readiness of new missions, mitigate their technological risks, improve the quality of cost estimates, and thereby contribute to better overall mission cost management..." Space Technology investmentsSPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY

  11. Combining Quantitative Electrochemistry and Electron Microscopy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Combining Quantitative Electrochemistry and Electron Microscopy to Study Reversible Lithiation of Silicon Nanowires. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Combining...

  12. COMBINED MODELING OF ACCELERATION, TRANSPORT, AND HYDRODYNAMIC...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    COMBINED MODELING OF ACCELERATION, TRANSPORT, AND HYDRODYNAMIC RESPONSE IN SOLAR FLARES. I. THE NUMERICAL MODEL Citation Details In-Document Search Title: COMBINED MODELING OF...

  13. Portland Community College Celebrates Commissioning of Combined...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Portland Community College Celebrates Commissioning of Combined Heat and Power Fuel Cell System Portland Community College Celebrates Commissioning of Combined Heat and Power Fuel...

  14. Baseline Glass Development for Combined Fission Products Waste Streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crum, Jarrod V.; Billings, Amanda Y.; Lang, Jesse B.; Marra, James C.; Rodriguez, Carmen P.; Ryan, Joseph V.; Vienna, John D.

    2009-06-29

    Borosilicate glass was selected as the baseline technology for immobilization of the Cs/Sr/Ba/Rb (Cs), lanthanide (Ln) and transition metal fission product (TM) waste steams as part of a cost benefit analysis study.[1] Vitrification of the combined waste streams have several advantages, minimization of the number of waste forms, a proven technology, and similarity to waste forms currently accepted for repository disposal. A joint study was undertaken by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to develop acceptable glasses for the combined Cs + Ln + TM waste streams (Option 1) and Cs + Ln combined waste streams (Option 2) generated by the AFCI UREX+ set of processes. This study is aimed to develop baseline glasses for both combined waste stream options and identify key waste components and their impact on waste loading. The elemental compositions of the four-corners study were used along with the available separations data to determine the effect of burnup, decay, and separations variability on estimated waste stream compositions.[2-5] Two different components/scenarios were identified that could limit waste loading of the combined Cs + LN + TM waste streams, where as the combined Cs + LN waste stream has no single component that is perceived to limit waste loading. Combined Cs + LN waste stream in a glass waste form will most likely be limited by heat due to the high activity of Cs and Sr isotopes.

  15. Atoms for space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buden, D.

    1990-10-01

    Nuclear technology offers many advantages in an expanded solar system space exploration program. These cover a range of possible applications such as power for spacecraft, lunar and planetary surfaces, and electric propulsion; rocket propulsion for lunar and Mars vehicles; space radiation protection; water and sewage treatment; space mining; process heat; medical isotopes; and self-luminous systems. In addition, space offers opportunities to perform scientific research and develop systems that can solve problems here on Earth. These might include fusion and antimatter research, using the Moon as a source of helium-3 fusion fuel, and manufacturing perfect fusion targets. In addition, nuclear technologies can be used to reduce risk and costs of the Space Exploration Initiative. 1 fig.

  16. Instability corners in AdS space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fotios V. Dimitrakopoulos; Ben Freivogel; Matthew Lippert; I-Sheng Yang

    2014-10-07

    We investigate whether arbitrarily small perturbations in global AdS space are generically unstable and collapse into black holes on the time scale set by gravitational interactions. We argue that current evidence, combined with our analysis, strongly suggests that a set of nonzero measure in the space of initial conditions does not collapse on this time scale. On the other hand, existing results do not provide an equally strong indication whether the unstable solutions also form a set of nonzero measure. We perform an analysis in position space to address this puzzle, and our formalism allows us to directly address the vanishing-amplitude limit. We show that gravitational self-interaction leads to tidal deformations which are equally likely to focus or defocus energy, and we sketch the phase diagram accordingly. We also clarify the connection between gravitational evolution in global AdS and holographic thermalization.

  17. Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. 't Hooft

    1996-08-16

    The fact that in Minkowski space, space and time are both quantized does not have to be introduced as a new postulate in physics, but can actually be derived by combining certain features of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. This is demonstrated first in a model where particles behave as point defects in 2 space dimensions and 1 time, and then in the real world having 3+1 dimensions. The mechanisms in these two cases are quite different, but the outcomes are similar: space and time form a (non-cummutative) lattice. These notes are short since most of the material discussed in these lectures is based on two earlier papers by the same author (gr-qc/9601014 and gr-qc/9607022), but the exposition given in the end is new.

  18. Metastring Theory and Modular Space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Freidel; Robert G. Leigh; Djordje Minic

    2015-02-27

    String theory is canonically accompanied with a space-time interpretation which determines S-matrix-like observables, and connects to the standard physics at low energies in the guise of local effective field theory. Recently, we have introduced a reformulation of string theory which does not rely on an {\\it a priori} space-time interpretation or a pre-assumption of locality. This \\hlt{metastring theory} is formulated in such a way that stringy symmetries (such as T-duality) are realized linearly. In this paper, we study metastring theory on a flat background and develop a variety of technical and interpretational ideas. These include a formulation of the moduli space of Lorentzian worldsheets, a careful study of the symplectic structure and consequently consistent closed and open boundary conditions, and the string spectrum and operator algebra. What emerges from these studies is a new quantum notion of space-time that we refer to as a quantum Lagrangian or equivalently a \\hlt{modular space-time}. This concept embodies the standard tenets of quantum theory and implements in a precise way a notion of {relative locality}. The usual string backgrounds (non-compact space-time along with some toroidally compactified spatial directions) are obtained from modular space-time by a limiting procedure that can be thought of as a correspondence limit.

  19. UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP 18th September 2012 STFC Summer School An Introduction to the Structure of the Magnetosphere Prof. Chris Owen Mullard Space 2012 #12;UCL DEPARTMENT OF SPACE & CLIMATE PHYSICS SPACE PLASMA PHYSICS GROUP 18th September 2012 STFC

  20. The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power in the Commercial/Institutional Sector, January 2000

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Report of an analysis to determine the potential for cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) in the commercial/institutional market.

  1. Quotients of Metric Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herman, Robert A.

    1968-01-01

    . PRELIMINARIES 1 CHAPTER II . SFACBS IN WHICH SEQUENCES SUFFICE 6 CHAPTER III . QUOTIENTS OF SEPARABLE METRIC SPACES Ik CHAPTER IV. GENERAL QUOTIENT SPACES 25 CHAPTER V. CLOSED QUOTIENT MAPS 35 CHAPTER VI. OPEN QUOTIENT MAPS 50 CHAPTER VII. OPEN AND CLOSED... QUOTIENT MAPS 55 CHAPTER VIII. ANOTHER RESULT 6l BIBLIOGRAPHY 65 CHAPTER I. PRELIMINARIES We begin by stating some basic definitions and theorems. Definition 1 . 1 ; Let f be a function from a topological space X onto a set Y. Then the quotient...

  2. Combined Retrieval, Microphysical Retrievals and Heating Rates

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Feng, Zhe

    2013-02-22

    Microphysical retrievals and heating rates from the AMIE/Gan deployment using the PNNL Combined Retrieval.

  3. Combined Retrieval, Microphysical Retrievals and Heating Rates

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Feng, Zhe

    Microphysical retrievals and heating rates from the AMIE/Gan deployment using the PNNL Combined Retrieval.

  4. Test Functions Space in Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Chaichian; M. Mnatsakanova; A. Tureanu; Yu. Vernov

    2008-07-26

    It is proven that the $\\star$-product of field operators implies that the space of test functions in the Wightman approach to noncommutative quantum field theory is one of the Gel'fand-Shilov spaces $S^{\\beta}$ with $\\beta test functions smears the noncommutative Wightman functions, which are in this case generalized distributions, sometimes called hyperfunctions. The existence and determination of the class of the test function spaces in NC QFT is important for any rigorous treatment in the Wightman approach.

  5. Desiccant-Based Combined Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ......................................................................................12 3.3 Energy Analyses and IADR Market Price Determination by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;#12;iii..........................................................................2 1.3 Application Options: DOAS or Total Conditioning, Energy Recovery..........................4 1

  6. Exploiting Compositionality to Explore a Large Space of Model Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosse, Roger Baker

    The recent proliferation of richly structured probabilistic models raises the question of how to automatically determine an appropriate model for a dataset. We investigate this question for a space of matrix decomposition ...

  7. The AMS-02 TRD for the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    in this paper. Index Terms-- AMS, TRD, ISS, space science, space electronics, gas detectors, proton rejection2 bending power, which is provided by a superconductive magnet. It is composed of 2300 double- sided in the bending direction and 30 µm in the non-bending one, allowing the determination of the particle's momentum

  8. THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF NCHROMOSOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinberg, Jon

    THE SYNTENIC DIAMETER OF THE SPACE OF N­CHROMOSOME GENOMES Jon Kleinberg David Liben similarity among genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natural but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  9. Total Space Heat-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  10. Notes on sexuality & space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Samuel Ray

    2013-01-01

    Very little has been written on sexuality in architectural scholarship. Sexuality & Space (Princeton Architectural Press, 1992) contains the proceedings of an eponymous 1990 conference at Princeton University, and was both ...

  11. Saving Space in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2013-09-09

    Broadcast Transcript: The Chinese are geniuses at utilizing every inch of space. In a country that is historically overcrowded, this skill is important for survival. Chinese vegetable gardens are miracles of permaculture layout: small plants nestle...

  12. Space Shuttle Program Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Payload: 36th ISS flight (ULF6), EXPRESS Logistics Carrier 3 (ELC3), Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS;8 Transition #12;9 Major Space Shuttle Program Facilities Reusable Solid Rocket Motor ATK Thiokol Propulsion

  13. Commutators on Banach Spaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dosev, Detelin

    2010-10-12

    . In particular, we will focus our attention to the spaces $\\lambda I and $\\linf$. The main results are that the commutators on $\\ell_1$ are the operators not of the form $\\lambda I + K$ with $\\lambda\

  14. Effect of design parameter variations on hybrid (combination hydrostatic and hydrodynamic) bearings for use in high speed turbomachinery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosher, Phillip Andrew

    1993-01-01

    Hybrid (combination hydrostatic and hydrodynamic) bearings have been proposed for use as a support element in cryogenic high speed turbomachinery for primary and auxiliary space power applications because of their long lifetime, low friction...

  15. Combined PET/MRI scanner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schlyer, David (Bellport, NY); Woody, Craig L. (Setauket, NY); Rooney, William (Miller Place, NY); Vaska, Paul (Sound Beach, NY); Stoll, Sean (Wading River, NY); Pratte, Jean-Francois (Stony Brook, NY); O'Connor, Paul (Bellport, NY)

    2007-10-23

    A combined PET/MRI scanner generally includes a magnet for producing a magnetic field suitable for magnetic resonance imaging, a radiofrequency (RF) coil disposed within the magnetic field produced by the magnet and a ring tomograph disposed within the magnetic field produced by the magnet. The ring tomograph includes a scintillator layer for outputting at least one photon in response to an annihilation event, a detection array coupled to the scintillator layer for detecting the at least one photon outputted by the scintillator layer and for outputting a detection signal in response to the detected photon and a front-end electronic array coupled to the detection array for receiving the detection signal, wherein the front-end array has a preamplifier and a shaper network for conditioning the detection signal.

  16. Efficiency combined cycle power plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pavel, J.; Meyers, G.A.; Baldwin, T.S.

    1990-06-12

    This patent describes a method of operating a combined cycle power plant. It comprises: flowing exhaust gas from a combustion turbine through a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG); flowing feed water through an economizer section of the HRSG at a flow rate and providing heated feed water; flowing a first portion of the heated feed water through an evaporator section of the HRSG and producing saturated steam at a production rate, the flow rate of the feed water through the economizer section being greater than required to sustain the production rate of steam in the evaporator section; flowing fuel for the turbine through a heat exchanger; and, flowing a second portion of the heated feed water provided by the economizer section through the heat exchanger then to an inlet of the economizer section, thereby heating the fuel flowing through the heat exchanger.

  17. Combination drilling and skiving tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stone, William J. (Kansas City, MO)

    1989-01-01

    A combination drilling and skiving tool including a longitudinally extending hollow skiving sleeve slidably and concentrically mounted on a right-handed twist drill. Dogs or pawls provided on the internal periphery of the skiving sleeve engage with the helical grooves of the drill. During a clockwise rotation of the tool, the drill moves downwardly and the sleeve translates upwardly, so that the drill performs a drilling operation on a workpiece. On the other hand, the drill moves upwardly and the sleeve translates downwardly, when the tool is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction, and the sleeve performs a skiving operation. The drilling and skiving operations are separate, independent and exclusive of each other.

  18. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    ,,/ NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ii Hosted by the National Academy of Sclences for library, abstract service, educational, or research purposes; however, republication of any paper

  19. Reciprocal space analysis of the microstructure of luminescent and nonluminescent porous silicon films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.R.; Barbour, J.C.; Medernach, J.W.; Stevenson, J.O.; Custer, J.S.

    1994-12-31

    The microstructure of anodically prepared porous silicon films was determined using a novel X-ray diffraction technique. This technique uses double-crystal diffractometry combined with position-sensitive X- ray detection to efficiently and quantitatively image the reciprocal space structure of crystalline materials. Reciprocal space analysis of newly prepared, as well as aged, p{sup {minus}} porous silicon films showed that these films exhibit a very broad range of crystallinity. This material appears to range in structure from a strained, single-crystal, sponge-like material exhibiting long-range coherency to isolated, dilated nanocrystals embedded in an amorphous matrix. Reciprocal space analysis of n{sup +} and p{sup +} porous silicon showed these materials are strained single-crystals with a spatially-correlated array of vertical pores. The vertical pores in these crystals may be surrounded by nanoporous or nanocrystalline domains as small as a few nm in size which produce diffuse diffraction indicating their presence. The photoluminescence of these films was examined using 488 nm Ar laser excitation in order to search for possible correlations between photoluminescent intensity and crystalline microstructure.

  20. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    2013 China’s Space Robotic Arm Programs Kevin POLLPETERdebris observation and space robotic arm technologies. Thelikely equipped with a robotic arm, grappling the target

  1. Debris and Future Space Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Debris and Future Space Activities Prof. Joel R. Primack Physics Department University would be endangered. Every person who cares about the human future in space should also realize

  2. Cosmology with space-based gravitational-wave detectors --- dark energy and primordial gravitational waves ---

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atsushi Nishizawa; Kent Yagi; Atsushi Taruya; Takahiro Tanaka

    2012-02-24

    Proposed space-based gravitational-wave (GW) detectors such as DECIGO and BBO will detect ~10^6 neutron-star (NS) binaries and determine the luminosity distances to the binaries with high precision. Combining the luminosity distances with cosmologically-induced phase corrections on the GWs, cosmological expansion out to high redshift can be measured without the redshift determinations of host galaxies by electromagnetic observation and be a unique probe for dark energy. On the other hand, such a NS-binary foreground should be subtracted to detect primordial GWs produced during inflation. Thus, the constraining power on dark energy and the detectability of the primordial gravitational waves strongly depend on the detector sensitivity and are in close relation with one another. In this paper, we investigate the constraints on the equation of state of dark energy with future space-based GW detectors with/without identifying the redshifts of host galaxies. We also study the sensitivity to the primordial GWs, properly dealing with the residual of the NS binary foreground. Based on the results, we discuss the detector sensitivity required to achieve the forementioned targeted study of cosmology.

  3. Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power in Data Centers March 2009 Prepared for: Oak Ridge and Transportation Science Division Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power in Data Centers Prepared by Ken Darrow

  4. Model combination by decomposition and aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Mingyang, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis focuses on a general problem in statistical modeling, namely model combination. It proposes a novel feature-based model combination method to improve model accuracy and reduce model uncertainty. In this method, ...

  5. Dirac-Kähler particle in Riemann spherical space: boson interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Ishkhanyan; O. Florea; E. M. Ovsiyuk; V. M. Red'kov

    2014-11-23

    In the context of the composite boson interpretation, we construct the exact general solution of the Dirac--K\\"ahler equation for the case of the spherical Riemann space of constant positive curvature, for which due to the geometry itself one may expect to have a discrete energy spectrum. In the case of the minimal value of the total angular momentum, $j=0$, the radial equations are reduced to second-order ordinary differential equations, which are straightforwardly solved in terms of the hypergeometric functions. For non-zero values of the total angular momentum, however, the radial equations are reduced to a pair of complicated fourth-order differential equations. Employing the factorization approach, we derive the general solution of these equations involving four independent fundamental solutions written in terms of combinations of the hypergeometric functions. The corresponding discrete energy spectrum is then determined via termination of the involved hypergeometric series, resulting in quasi-polynomial wave-functions. The constructed solutions lead to notable observations when compared with those for the ordinary Dirac particle. The energy spectrum for the Dirac-K\\"ahler particle in spherical space is much more complicated. Its structure substantially differs from that for the Dirac particle since it consists of two paralleled energy level series each of which is twofold degenerate. Besides, none of the two separate series coincides with the series for the Dirac particle. Thus, the Dirac--K\\"ahler field cannot be interpreted as a system of four Dirac fermions. Additional arguments supporting this conclusion are discussed.

  6. A Linear Combination Analyses Approach For Directly Speciating Ni Contaminated Soils.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    A Linear Combination Analyses Approach For Directly Speciating Ni Contaminated Soils. (S02-trivedi215458-Oral) Abstract: To provide an accurate description of the fate of Ni in aerial- contaminated soils to combine multiple analytical techniques to accurately determine metal speciation in complex soil systems

  7. Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the Department of Energy’s Industrial Technologies Program and its Combined Heat and Power program.

  8. NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF MANNED SPACE FLIGHT DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY of the Chief of Engineers Washington, D. C. and National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Manned of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration concept development program for LESA and was conducted under

  9. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Kun

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia 23681 Aeronautics a

  10. space holder Fisheries Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;space holder Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2011 Economics and Social Analysis Citation: National Marine Fisheries Service. 2012. Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2011. U/publication/index.html. A copy of this report may be obtained from: Economics and Social Analysis Division

  11. Redshift-space limits of bound structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolando Dünner; Andreas Reisenegger; Andrés Meza; Pablo A. Araya; Hernán Quintana

    2007-02-26

    An exponentially expanding Universe, possibly governed by a cosmological constant, forces gravitationally bound structures to become more and more isolated, eventually becoming causally disconnected from each other and forming so-called "island universes". This new scenario reformulates the question about which will be the largest structures that will remain gravitationally bound, together with requiring a systematic tool that can be used to recognize the limits and mass of these structures from observational data, namely redshift surveys of galaxies. Here we present a method, based on the spherical collapse model and N-body simulations, by which we can estimate the limits of bound structures as observed in redshift space. The method is based on a theoretical criterion presented in a previous paper that determines the mean density contrast that a spherical shell must have in order to be marginally bound to the massive structure within it. Understanding the kinematics of the system, we translated the real-space limiting conditions of this "critical" shell to redshift space, producing a projected velocity envelope that only depends on the density profile of the structure. From it we created a redshift-space version of the density contrast that we called "density estimator", which can be calibrated from N-body simulations for a reasonable projected velocity envelope template, and used to estimate the limits and mass of a structure only from its redshift-space coordinates.

  12. Synthesis and Structure Determination of Ferromagnetic Semiconductors LaAMnSnO6 (A = Sr Ba)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T Yang; T Perkisas; J Hadermann; M Croft; A Ignatov; M Greenblatt

    2011-12-31

    LaAMnSnO{sub 6} (A = Sr, Ba) have been synthesized by high temperature solid-state reactions under dynamic 1% H{sub 2}/Ar flow. Rietveld refinements on room temperature powder X-ray diffraction data indicate that LaSrMnSnO{sub 6} crystallizes in the GdFeO{sub 3}-structure, with space group Pnma and, combined with transmission electron microscopy, LaBaMnSnO{sub 6} in Imma. Both space groups are common in disordered double-perovskites. The Mn{sup 3+} and Sn{sup 4+} ions whose valence states were confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, are completely disordered over the B-sites and the BO{sub 6} octahedra are slightly distorted. LaAMnSnO{sub 6} are ferromagnetic semiconductors with a T{sub C} = 83 K for the Sr- and 66 K for the Ba-compound. The title compounds, together with the previously reported LaCaMnSnO{sub 6} provide an interesting example of progression from Pnma to Imma as the tolerance factor increases. An analysis of the relationship between space group and tolerance factor for the series LaAMnMO{sub 6} (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Sn, Ru) provides a better understanding of the symmetry determination for double perovskites.

  13. Determining Multilayer Formation Properties from Transient Temperature and Pressure Measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sui, Weibo

    2010-10-12

    The Multilayer Transient Test is a well-testing technique designed to determine formation properties in multiple layers, and it has been proved effective during the past two decades. To apply the Multilayer Transient Test, a combination of rate...

  14. Combined experimental and numerical evaluation of a prototype nano-PCM enhanced wallboard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biswas, Kaushik; LuPh.D., Jue; Soroushian, Parviz; Shrestha, Som S

    2014-01-01

    In the United States, forty-eight (48) percent of the residential end-use energy consumption is spent on space heating and air conditioning. Reducing envelope-generated heating and cooling loads through application of phase change material (PCM)-enhanced building envelopes can facilitate maximizing the energy efficiency of buildings. Combined experimental testing and numerical modeling of PCM-enhanced envelope components are two important aspects of the evaluation of their energy benefits. An innovative phase change material (nano-PCM) was developed with PCM encapsulated with expanded graphite (interconnected) nanosheets, which is highly conductive for enhanced thermal storage and energy distribution, and is shape-stable for convenient incorporation into lightweight building components. A wall with cellulose cavity insulation and prototype PCM-enhanced interior wallboards was built and tested in a natural exposure test (NET) facility in a hot-humid climate location. The test wall contained PCM wallboards and regular gypsum wallboard, for a side-by-side annual comparison study. Further, numerical modeling of the walls containing the nano-PCM wallboard was performed to determine its actual impact on wall-generated heating and cooling loads. The model was first validated using experimental data, and then used for annual simulations using Typical Meteorological Year (TMY3) weather data. This article presents the measured performance and numerical analysis evaluating the energy-saving potential of the nano-PCM-enhanced wallboard.

  15. Structural genomics of minimal organisms and protein fold space Sung-Hou Kim1,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural genomics of minimal organisms and protein fold space Sung-Hou Kim1,2, *, Dong Hae Shin2: Berkeley Structural Genomics Center, minimal organisms, molecular function, protein fold space, structural determination. The results from the pipeline substantially increased the coverage of the protein fold space of M

  16. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely to analyse (and determine the principles responsible for) the distribution of proteins in fold space

  17. How to measure redshift-space distortions without sample variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick McDonald; Uros Seljak

    2008-10-02

    We show how to use multiple tracers of large-scale density with different biases to measure the redshift-space distortion parameter beta=f/b=(dlnD/dlna)/b (where D is the growth rate and a the expansion factor), to a much better precision than one could achieve with a single tracer, to an arbitrary precision in the low noise limit. In combination with the power spectrum of the tracers this allows a much more precise measurement of the bias-free velocity divergence power spectrum, f^2 P_m - in fact, in the low noise limit f^2 P_m can be measured as well as would be possible if velocity divergence was observed directly, with rms improvement factor ~[5.2(beta^2+2 beta+2)/beta^2]^0.5 (e.g., ~10 times better than a single tracer for beta=0.4). This would allow a high precision determination of f D as a function of redshift with an error as low as 0.1%. We find up to two orders of magnitude improvement in Figure of Merit for the Dark Energy equation of state relative to Stage II, a factor of several better than other proposed Stage IV Dark Energy surveys. The ratio b_2/b_1 will be determined with an even greater precision than beta, producing, when measured as a function of scale, an exquisitely sensitive probe of the onset of non-linear bias. We also extend in more detail previous work on the use of the same technique to measure non-Gaussianity. Currently planned redshift surveys are typically designed with signal to noise of unity on scales of interest, and are not optimized for this technique. Our results suggest that this strategy may need to be revisited as there are large gains to be achieved from surveys with higher number densities of galaxies.

  18. Expert Meeting Report: Recommendations for Applying Water Heaters in Combination Space and Domestic Water Heating Systems

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelB IMSof 2005 atHouseExcess UraniumClimate ChangeEnergy SavingsKeyExpert

  19. Technology Case Studies: Retrofit Integrated Space and Water Heating - Field Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-01

    Better insulation and tighter envelopes are reducing space heating loads for new and existing homes. For many homes, decreased space heating loads make it possible for both space and domestic water heating loads to be provided with a single heating plant. This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water and forced air space heating. Called 'Combi' systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. These systems can also eliminate safety issues associated with natural draft appliances through the use of one common sealed combustion vent.

  20. Master Thesis Combined Neural Networks and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Master Thesis Combined Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms as a method for reducing redundancyNetworksandGentworksandGentworksandGentworksandGeneticAlgorithmseticAlgorithmseticAlgorithmseticAlgorithms asaasaasaasamethodformethodformethodformethodforreducingredundancyinsteeldesignreducingredundancyinsteeldesignreducingredundancyinsteeldesignreducingredundancyinsteeldesign 2008MinSungJoo2008MinSungJoo2008MinSungJoo2008MinSungJoo #12; Combined Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms as a method for reducing redundancy in steel design #12;Combined Neural Networks

  1. Combining Feedback Absorption Spectroscopy, Amplified Resonance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    On-Board Measurement of Ammonia and Nitrous Oxide Using Feedback Absorption Laser Spectroscopy Combined with Amplified Resonance and Low Pressure Sampling Cummins...

  2. Transportation Energy Futures: Combining Strategies for Deep...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ENERGY FUTURES Combining Strategies for Deep Reductions in Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions Significant Energy Consumption - and Opportunities for Reduction Transportation is...

  3. Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. 

  4. Northwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  5. Pacific Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  6. Northeast Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  7. Review of Indirect Methods Used to Determine the $^1S_0$ Neutron-Neutron Scattering Length

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. R. Howell

    2008-05-08

    We have determined a value for the $^1S_0$ neutron-neutron scattering length ($a_{nn}$) from high-precision measurements of time-of-flight spectra of neutrons from the $^2H(\\pi^-,n \\gamma)n$ capture reaction. The measurements were done at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility by the E1286 collaboration. The high spatial resolution of our gamma-ray detector enabled us to make a detailed assessment of the systematic uncertainties in our techniques. The value obtained in the present work is $a_{nn} = -18$.63 $\\pm $0.10 (statistical) $\\pm$ 0.44 (systematic) $\\pm$ 0.30 (theoretical) fm. This result is consistent with previous determinations of $a_{nn}$ from the $\\pi^-d$ capture reaction. We found that the analysis of the data with calculations that use a relativistic phase-space factor gives a more negative value for $a_{nn}$ by 0.33 fm over the analysis done using a nonrelativistic phase-space factor. Combining the present result with the previous ones from $\\pi^-d$ capture gives: $a_{nn} = - 18$.63 $\\pm$ 0.27 (expt) $\\pm$ 0.30 fm (theory). For the first time the combined statistical and systematic experimental uncertainty in $a_{nn}$ is smaller than the theoretical uncertainty and comparable to the uncertainty in the proton-proton $^1S_0$ scattering length ($a_{pp}$). This average value of $a_{nn}$ when corrected for the magnetic-moment interaction of the two neutrons becomes -18.9 $\\pm$ 0.4 fm which is 1.6 $\\pm$ 0.5 fm different from the recommended value of $a_{pp}$, thereby confirming charge symmetry breaking at the 1% confidence level.

  8. Optimal quantum state determination by constrained elementary measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Chaturvedi; Sibasish Ghosh; K. R. Parthasarathy; Ajit Iqbal Singh

    2014-11-01

    The purpose of this short note is to utilize the work on isotropic lines, described by Albouy [J. Phys. A. Math. Theor., vol. 42 (2009), 072001], on Wigner distributions for finite-state systems as described by Chaturvedi et al. [J. Phys. A. Math. Theor., vol. 43 (2010), 0753075302], estimation of the state of a finite level quantum system based on Weyl operators in the $L^2$-space over a finite field as described by Parthasarathy in [Inf. Dimens. Anal. Quantum Prob. Relat. Top., Vol. 07, Issue 4, Dec. 2004. 607-617] to display maximal abelian subsets of certain unitary bases for the matrix algebra $M_d$ of complex square matrices of order $d>3$; and then, combine these special forms with constrained elementary measurements to obtain optimal ways to determine a $d$-level quantum state. This enables us to generalise illustrations and strengthen results related to quantum tomography by Ghosh and Singh in [arXiv:1401.0099v1 [quant-ph] 31 Dec 2013].

  9. The Faint-end of the UV Luminosity Function at z~6 to z~8: Combined Constraints from the Hubble Frontier Fields Clusters and Parallels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atek, Hakim; Jauzac, Mathilde; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Natarajan, Priyamvada; Limousin, Marceau; Schaerer, Daniel; Jullo, Eric; Ebeling, Harald; Egami, Eiichi; Clement, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    We use deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging of the Frontier Fields to accurately measure the galaxy rest-frame ultraviolet luminosity function (UV LF) in the redshift range $z \\sim 6-8$. We combine observations in three lensing clusters A2744, MACS0416, MACS0717 and their associated parallels fields to select high-redshift dropout candidates. We use the latest lensing models to estimate the flux magnification and the effective survey volume in combination with completeness simulations performed in the source plane. We report the detection of 227 galaxy candidates at $z=6-7$ and 25 candidates at $z \\sim 8$. While the total total survey area is about 4 arcmin$^{2}$ in each parallel field, it drops to about 0.6 to 1 arcmin$^{2}$ in the cluster core fields because of the strong lensing. We compute the UV luminosity function at $z \\sim 7$ using the combined galaxy sample and perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine the best fit Schechter parameters. We are able to reliably constrain the LF down to an absolute m...

  10. INSTITUTE OF SPACE AND ATMOSPHERIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Gordon James Larry Newitt Tom McElroy David Kendall Malcolm Vant David Grier Senior Scientist, Space

  11. Space Data Systems (ISR-3)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Standard, including the processing and communications architecture, common hardware and software components, and its communications protocols Modular space payload architecture...

  12. Space-time diamonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daiqin Su; T. C. Ralph

    2015-07-02

    We show that the particle number distribution of diamond modes, modes that are localised in a finite space-time region, are thermal for the Minkowski vacuum state of a massless scalar field, an analogue to the Unruh effect. The temperature of the diamond is inversely proportional to its size. An inertial observer can detect this thermal radiation by coupling to the diamond modes using an appropriate energy scaled detector. We further investigate the correlations between various diamonds and find that entanglement between adjacent diamonds dominates.

  13. Space Science and Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived1 Space Science and

  14. Observables and density matrices embedded in dual Hilbert spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Prosen; L. Martignon; T. H. Seligman

    2015-02-27

    The introduction of operator states and of observables in various fields of quantum physics has raised questions about the mathematical structures of the corresponding spaces. In the framework of third quantization it had been conjectured that we deal with Hilbert spaces although the mathematical background was not entirely clear, particularly, when dealing with bosonic operators. This in turn caused some doubts about the correct way to combine bosonic and fermionic operators or, in other words, regular and Grassmann variables. In this paper we present a formal answer to the problems on a simple and very general basis. We illustrate the resulting construction by revisiting the Bargmann transform and finding the known connection between L^2(R) and the Bargmann-Hilbert space. We then use the formalism to give an explicit formulation for Fock spaces involving both fermions and bosons thus solving the problem at the origin of our considerations.

  15. XQCAT: eXtra Quark Combined Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Barducci; A. Belyaev; M. Buchkremer; J. Marrouche; S. Moretti; L. Panizzi

    2015-09-17

    XQCAT (eXtra Quark Combined Analysis Tool) is a tool aimed at determining exclusion confidence levels for scenarios of new physics characterised by the presence of one or multiple heavy extra quarks which interact through Yukawa couplings with any of the Standard Model quarks. The code uses a database of efficiencies for pre-simulated processes of QCD-induced pair production of extra quarks and their subsequent on-shell decays. In the version 1.2 of XQCAT the efficiencies have been computed for a set of seven publicly available search results by the CMS experiment. The input for the code is a text file in which masses, branching ratios and dominant chirality of the couplings of the new quarks are provided. The output of the code is the exclusion confidence levels of the test point for each implemented experimental analysis considered individually and, when possible, in statistical combination.

  16. ASME PTC 47, gasification combined cycle performance -- Uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Archer, D.H.; Horazak, D.A.; Bannister, R.L.

    1998-07-01

    Determining the uncertainty of measured calculated performance parameters is required in all Performance Test Codes of the ASME. This determination begins with the equations defining the performance parameters of the equipment or system--input, useful output, and effectiveness (an input/output ratio). The variables in these equations are: plant operating conditions measured throughout a test; corrections that compensate for deviations of other significant measured plant and ambient operating conditions from their values specified for the test. PTC47, Gasification Combined Cycle Plant Performance, will define procedures for the performance testing of overall gasification combined cycle plants and for each of three major sections that may comprise such a plant. The Committee is now defining the performance parameters for these tests. Performance factor computations include uncertainty calculations in order to provide preliminary estimates of the accuracy expected from the test methods proposed in this Code. Uncertainty calculations will also be used to explore energy balance methods for calculating the energy input to various gasifiers--entrained flow, fluidized bed, and moving bed. Such methods would be important as possible alternatives to direct measurements of flows and heating values of the various fuels fed to the gasifiers. Uncertainty calculations will also be used to assist in identifying those measurements of ambient, imposed, and controlled operating conditions that significantly affect test results and for which correction factors should be determined.

  17. Seasonal and interannual variability of North American isoprene emissions as determined by formaldehyde column measurements from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    by formaldehyde column measurements from space Dorian S. Abbot,1 Paul I. Palmer,1 Randall V. Martin,2 Kelly V June 2003; published 5 September 2003. [1] Formaldehyde (HCHO) columns measured from space by solar UV of North American isoprene emissions as determined by formaldehyde column measurements from space, Geophys

  18. Determination of 3-D Cloud Ice Water Contents by Combining Multiple Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design CompetitionsFuelofSources from Satellite,

  19. A combined top-down and down-top search method for determining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ta Van Tu

    2014-11-04

    in top-down search methods, for example, in cases when the MOLP problem has only one efficient point or only low dimensional efficient faces. In addition, the ...

  20. Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Memorandum Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California2012 ICF, 2012, “Combined Heat and Power: Policy AnalysisA New Generation of Combined Heat and Power: Policy Planning

  1. Combined Heat & Power Technology Overview and Federal Sector...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat & Power Technology Overview and Federal Sector Deployment Combined Heat & Power Technology Overview and Federal Sector Deployment Presentation covers the Combined...

  2. Hilbert space of wormholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis J. Garay

    1993-06-01

    Wormhole boundary conditions for the Wheeler--DeWitt equation can be derived from the path integral formulation. It is proposed that the wormhole wave function must be square integrable in the maximal analytic extension of minisuperspace. Quantum wormholes can be invested with a Hilbert space structure, the inner product being naturally induced by the minisuperspace metric, in which the Wheeler--DeWitt operator is essentially self--adjoint. This provides us with a kind of probabilistic interpretation. In particular, giant wormholes will give extremely small contributions to any wormhole state. We also study the whole spectrum of the Wheeler--DeWitt operator and its role in the calculation of Green's functions and effective low energy interactions.

  3. Machian space quanta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David W. Essex

    2015-01-25

    A new model for space and matter is obtained by joining every pair of point charges in the observable universe by an ethereal string. Positive gravitational potential energy in each string gives an attractive gravitational force due to the action of an energy conservation constraint. Newton's laws of motion are derived and inertia is explained in accordance with Mach's principle. The Machian string model gives a surprisingly simple way to understand the expansion history of the Universe. The decelerating expansion in the radiation era and the matter era is explained without using General Relativity and the transition from deceleration to acceleration is explained without the need to introduce a separate 'dark energy' component. The interaction between Machian strings gives a physical model for modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) and is therefore an alternative to 'dark matter'.

  4. Crankshaft position sensing with combined starter alternator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brandenburg, Larry Raymond (Plymouth, MI); Miller, John Michael (Saline, MI)

    2000-06-13

    A crankshaft position sensing apparatus for use with an engine (16) having a combined starter/alternator assembly (18). The crankshaft position sensing apparatus includes a tone ring (38) with a sensor (36) and bandpass filter (46), having a cylinder identification input from a camshaft sensor (48), and a gain limiter (54). The sensing apparatus mounts near the rotor (30) of the combined starter/alternator assembly (18). The filtered crankshaft position signal can then be input into a vehicle system controller (58) and an inner loop controller (60). The starter/alternator assembly (18) in combination with an internal combustion engine is particularly useful for a hybrid electric vehicle system.

  5. Thermal Comfort under Transient Metabolic and Dynamic Localized Airflow Conditions Combined with Neutral and Warm Ambient Temperatures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugursal, Ahmet

    2012-02-14

    , in practice, people move between spaces, and thermal conditions such as metabolic rate, surface temperatures, airflow speed and direction vary in a typical day. A human subject test was designed to determine the transient relationship between the people...

  6. Harmonic Representation of Combinations and Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-01

    In the present article a new method of deriving integral representations of combinations and partitions in terms of harmonic products has been established. This method may be relevant to statistical mechanics and to number theory.

  7. GEOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING combines geotechnics, geomaterials, geo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storici, Francesca

    GEOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING combines geotechnics, geomaterials, geo- physics, geochemistry, geomechanics Geotechnics Environmental Geotechnics Experimental Methods in Research Foundation Systems Geomechanics Theoretical Geomechanics Wave-based Characterization of Particulate Materials FACULTY Glenn J. Rix, Ph

  8. GEOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING combines geotechnics, geomaterials, geo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuhang

    GEOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING combines geotechnics, geomaterials, geo- physics, geochemistry, geomechanics, and the Geor- gia Department of Transportation, as well as private companies in the mining, petroleum Geotechnics Environmental Geotechnics Experimental Methods in Research Foundation Systems Geomechanics

  9. Conceptual combination: does similarity predict emergence? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkenfeld, Merryl Joy

    1995-01-01

    Conceptual combination is used as a paradigm for investigating the influence of similarity on emergence. Subjects were 180 undergraduates recruited from the psychology subject pool. Pairs of parent concepts were selected for study using a...

  10. Entropic Gravity in Rindler Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edi Halyo

    2011-04-13

    We show that Rindler horizons are entropic screens and gravity is an entropic force in Rindler space by deriving the Verlinde entropy formula from the focusing of light due to a mass close to the horizon. Consequently, gravity is also entropic in the near horizon regions of Schwarzschild and de Sitter space-times. In different limits, the entropic nature of gravity in Rindler space leads to the Bekenstein entropy bound and the uncertainty principle.

  11. Temperature determination using pyrometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Breiland, William G. (Albuquerque, NM); Gurary, Alexander I. (Bridgewater, NJ); Boguslavskiy, Vadim (Princeton, NJ)

    2002-01-01

    A method for determining the temperature of a surface upon which a coating is grown using optical pyrometry by correcting Kirchhoff's law for errors in the emissivity or reflectance measurements associated with the growth of the coating and subsequent changes in the surface thermal emission and heat transfer characteristics. By a calibration process that can be carried out in situ in the chamber where the coating process occurs, an error calibration parameter can be determined that allows more precise determination of the temperature of the surface using optical pyrometry systems. The calibration process needs only to be carried out when the physical characteristics of the coating chamber change.

  12. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    design, and fabrication support to all aspects of mechanical and electronic assemblies Mechanical analysis with a focus on space environment-radiation, thermal, vibration...

  13. TANK SPACE ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    TURNER DA; KIRCH NW; WASHENFELDER DJ; SCHAUS PS; WODRICH DD; WIEGMAN SA

    2010-04-27

    This report addresses the projected shortfall of double-shell tank (DST) space starting in 2018. Using a multi-variant methodology, a total of eight new-term options and 17 long-term options for recovering DST space were evaluated. These include 11 options that were previously evaluated in RPP-7702, Tank Space Options Report (Rev. 1). Based on the results of this evaluation, two near-term and three long-term options have been identified as being sufficient to overcome the shortfall of DST space projected to occur between 2018 and 2025.

  14. Portfolio Manager Space Type Discussion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assistance Program (TAP), provides a discussion about space/type in regards to the Portfolio Manager Initiative.

  15. Radioisotopes: Energy for Space Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, Bob; Green, James; Bechtel, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    Through a strong partnership between the Energy Department's office of Nuclear Energy and NASA, Radioisotope Power Systems have been providing the energy for deep space exploration.

  16. Flat space physics from holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2009-01-01

    thermodynamics in black hole physics. Phys. Rev. D 9, 3292 (LBNL-53861 Flat space physics from holography RaphaelBousso Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics

  17. Linear Programming and Kantorovich Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Kutateladze

    2009-05-08

    This is a brief overview of the life of Leonid Kantorovich (1912--1986) and his contribution to the fields of linear programming and ordered vector spaces.

  18. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and fabrication (NASA-certified) assembly Parts inventory database based on "pcMRP" software package Quality assurance System test and integration Space systems engineering...

  19. Radioisotopes: Energy for Space Exploration

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Carpenter, Bob; Green, James; Bechtel, Ryan

    2013-05-29

    Through a strong partnership between the Energy Department's office of Nuclear Energy and NASA, Radioisotope Power Systems have been providing the energy for deep space exploration.

  20. Portfolio Manager Space Type Discussion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides a discussion about space/type in regards to the Portfolio Manager Initiative.

  1. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings - Control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance Building America Webinar:...

  2. Constrained space camera assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heckendorn, F.M.; Anderson, E.K.; Robinson, C.W.; Haynes, H.B.

    1999-05-11

    A constrained space camera assembly which is intended to be lowered through a hole into a tank, a borehole or another cavity is disclosed. The assembly includes a generally cylindrical chamber comprising a head and a body and a wiring-carrying conduit extending from the chamber. Means are included in the chamber for rotating the body about the head without breaking an airtight seal formed therebetween. The assembly may be pressurized and accompanied with a pressure sensing means for sensing if a breach has occurred in the assembly. In one embodiment, two cameras, separated from their respective lenses, are installed on a mounting apparatus disposed in the chamber. The mounting apparatus includes means allowing both longitudinal and lateral movement of the cameras. Moving the cameras longitudinally focuses the cameras, and moving the cameras laterally away from one another effectively converges the cameras so that close objects can be viewed. The assembly further includes means for moving lenses of different magnification forward of the cameras. 17 figs.

  3. Physics in discrete spaces (A): Space-Time organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Peretto

    2010-12-29

    We put forward a model of discrete physical space that can account for the structure of space- time, give an interpretation to the postulates of quantum mechanics and provide a possible explanation to the organization of the standard model of particles.

  4. National Aeronautics and Space Administration space launch system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    into the solar system ­ finding potential resources, develop- ing new technologies, and discovering answersNational Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAfacts space launch system Building America's Next to reach further into our solar system. However, if needed, SLS will support backup trans- portation

  5. High-alpha space trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, L.M. [Ball Aerospace and Technology Corp. 1600 Commerce St. MS CO-9 Boulder, Colorado80301 (United States); Ball, J. [McDonnel Douglas Aerospace 5301 Bolsa Ave. MS 13-3 Huntington Beach, California92647 (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Vertically-landing Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) are the best hope of building a true {open_quotes}Space Truck{close_quotes} with current technology. Because they do not require a low angle-of-attack (AOA, or alpha) horizontal landing, they can be designed to operate exclusively at very high angles-of-attack. This offers savings in vehicle dry weight and complexity, which can be traded for significantly heavier payload, more ascent velocity, or extra design margin. The price for abandoning low angle-of-attack flight is reduced crossrange. To quantify the potential weight reduction, a trade study was performed to determine the relationship between a vehicle{close_quote}s maximum crossrange (angle-of-attack) and it{close_quote}s dry weight (payload margin). At the study conclusion, three vertically-landing (VL) vehicles provided multiple points on a payload weight vs. maximum crossrange curve, showing significant payload increases as crossrange is sacrificed. This is primarily the result of being able to simplify the structure, fly a cooler entry trajectory, and be aerodynamically stable through the entire flight. This reduces subsystem requirements and complexity, enhancing reliability. Further benefits are realized in reduced landing propellant requirements and simplifying or eliminating the {open_quotes}rotation{close_quotes} maneuver. This paper also suggests unique operability solutions that adapt high-alpha vehicles to traditional high-crossrange missions such as the polar {open_quotes}once-around{close_quotes} flight, and proposes a small scale drop-test program to prove the subsonic and landing portion of the flight envelope. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Application of lactic acid in combination with melanosis inhibitors to improve shelf life of Texas brown shrimp (Penaeus aztecus) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benner, Ronald Allen

    1993-01-01

    The shelf life of fresh shrimp stored on ice is limited by two factors: melanosis (blackspot) and microbial spoilage. In this study L-lactic acid was tested, alone and in combination with sodium bisulfite and 4-hexylresorcinol, to determine...

  7. Effect of combined nanoparticle and polymeric dispersions on critical heat flux, nucleate boiling heat transfer coefficient, and coating adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Bronwyn K

    2009-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to determine thermal performance and adhesion effects of a combined nanoparticle and polymeric dispersion coating. The critical heat flux (CHF) values and nucleate boiling heat transfer ...

  8. NEPA Determination Complete

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has determined that this proposed project is a major Federal action that may significantly affect the quality of the human environment. To comply with the National Environmental Policy Act ...

  9. Solids mass flow determination

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Macko, Joseph E. (Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

    1981-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the mass flow rate of solids mixed with a transport fluid to form a flowing mixture. A temperature differential is established between the solids and fluid. The temperature of the transport fluid prior to mixing, the temperature of the solids prior to mixing, and the equilibrium temperature of the mixture are monitored and correlated in a heat balance with the heat capacities of the solids and fluid to determine the solids mass flow rate.

  10. Evaluation of a Deep Plan Office Space Daylit with an Optical Light Pipe and a Specular Light Shelf 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyaya, Kapil

    2009-05-15

    This research developed the Optical Light Pipe (OLP) as a feasible solution to solve the problem of insufficient daylighting in deep plan office spaces for predominantly sunny climates. It further combined the OLP with a Specular Light Shelf (SLS...

  11. Finite Linear Spaces, Plane Geometries, Hilbert spaces and Finite Phase Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Revzen; A. Mann

    2015-08-03

    Finite plane geometry is associated with finite dimensional Hilbert space. The association allows mapping of q-number Hilbert space observables to the c-number formalism of quantum mechanics in phase space. The mapped entities reflect geometrically based line-point interrelation. Particularly simple formulas are involved when use is made of mutually unbiased bases (MUB) representations for the Hilbert space entries. The geometry specifies a point-line interrelation. Thus underpinning d-dimensional Hilbert space operators (resp. states) with geometrical points leads to operators termed "line operators" underpinned by the geometrical lines. These "line operators", $\\hat{L}_j;$ (j designates the line) form a complete orthogonal basis for Hilbert space operators. The representation of Hilbert space operators in terms of these operators form the phase space representation of the d-dimensional Hilbert space. The "line operators" (resp. "line states") are studied in detail. The paper aims at self sufficiency and to this end all relevant notions are explained herewith.

  12. One-vortex moduli space and Ricci flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas S. Manton

    2008-05-02

    The metric on the moduli space of one abelian Higgs vortex on a surface has a natural geometrical evolution as the Bradlow parameter, which determines the vortex size, varies. It is shown by various arguments, and by calculations in special cases, that this geometrical flow has many similarities to Ricci flow.

  13. Kinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    that both the topology and the types of kinematic pairs of the mechanism are determined togethKinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian Department of Computer introduces a new approach to the conceptual design of mechanical systems from qualitative specifications

  14. Protein Folding in Contact Map Space Eytan Domany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domany, Eytan

    Protein Folding in Contact Map Space Eytan Domany Department of Physics of Complex Systems to the free energy is unable to stabilize the native fold of a single protein against a set of carefully dimensional structure determines the biological function of a protein. The pro­ tein folding problem, i

  15. Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Robert E.

    Space Science : Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect Part-5a Solar + Earth Spectrum IR Absorbers Grey Atmosphere Greenhouse Effect #12;Radiation: Solar and Earth Surface B"(T) Planck Ideal Emission Integrate and it emits Note: heat balance Fvis( = Fout = Te 4 z #12;(simple Greenhouse cont.) 0 1 2 3 4 Ground Space Top

  16. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    commercial and international partner transportation services to the International Space Station. Designed Administrator Initial Lift Capability 70 Tonnes (t) More than Double Any Operational Vehicle Today Crew orbit, continuing America's human exploration of space. Evolved Lift Capability 130t More than Any Past

  17. Space Telescope Programs Hubble Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Certifications required for all raw materials ­ Shelf Life (Polymerics) materials date controlled by QA · DesignsSpace Telescope Programs Hubble Observatory HST-COS FUV PER 11/8/00 FUV Detector System Materials;Space Telescope Programs Hubble Observatory HST-COS FUV PER 11/8/00 Materials and Processes · Materials

  18. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration The Vision for Space Exploration February 2004 #12 #12;Message from the NASA Administrator Dear Reader, With last year's budget, NASA released a new of careful deliberations within the Administration. This plan does not undertake exploration merely

  19. Nonlinear classification of Banach spaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randrianarivony, Nirina Lovasoa

    2005-11-01

    We study the geometric classi?cation of Banach spaces via Lipschitz, uniformly continuous, and coarse mappings. We prove that a Banach space which is uniformly homeomorphic to a linear quotient of lp is itself a linear quotient of lp when p<2...

  20. Singularity-free Bianchi spaces with nonlinear electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo Garcia-Salcedo; Nora Breton

    2005-02-24

    In this paper we present an analysis to determine the existence of singularities in spatially homogeneous anisotropic universes filled with nonlinear electromagnetic radiation. These spaces are conformal to Bianchi spaces admitting a three parameter group of motions G$_3$. For these models we study geodesic completeness. It is shown that with nonlinear electromagnetic field some of the Bianchi spaces are geodesically complete, like G$_3$IX and G$_3$VIII; however, completeness depends on the curvature of the space. When certain topology is assumed, Bianchi G$_3$IX presents geodesics that are imprisoned. It is surprising that in the linear limit (Maxwell field) the spacetimes are singularity-free even if the curvature parameter is zero.

  1. Generic Structures in Parameter Space and Ratchet Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Celestino; Cesar Manchein; Holokx A. Albuquerque; Marcus W. Beims

    2011-11-06

    This work reports the existence of Isoperiodic Stable Ratchet Transport Structures in the parameter spaces dissipation versus spatial asymmetry and versus phase of a ratchet model. Such structures were found [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 234101 (2011)] in the parameter space dissipation versus amplitude of the ratchet potential and they appear to have generic shapes and to align themselves along preferred directions in the parameter space. Since the ratchet current is usually larger inside these structures, this allows us to make general statements about the relevant parameters combination to obtain an efficient ratchet current. Results of the present work give further evidences of the suggested generic properties of the isoperiodic stable structures in the context of ratchet transport.

  2. Two-dimensional relativistic space charge limited current flow in the drift space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Y. L.; Chen, S. H.; Koh, W. S.; Ang, L. K.

    2014-04-15

    Relativistic two-dimensional (2D) electrostatic (ES) formulations have been derived for studying the steady-state space charge limited (SCL) current flow of a finite width W in a drift space with a gap distance D. The theoretical analyses show that the 2D SCL current density in terms of the 1D SCL current density monotonically increases with D/W, and the theory recovers the 1D classical Child-Langmuir law in the drift space under the approximation of uniform charge density in the transverse direction. A 2D static model has also been constructed to study the dynamical behaviors of the current flow with current density exceeding the SCL current density, and the static theory for evaluating the transmitted current fraction and minimum potential position have been verified by using 2D ES particle-in-cell simulation. The results show the 2D SCL current density is mainly determined by the geometrical effects, but the dynamical behaviors of the current flow are mainly determined by the relativistic effect at the current density exceeding the SCL current density.

  3. Raman beam combining for laser brightness enhancement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jay W; Allen, Grahan S; Pax, Paul H; Heebner, John E; Sridharan, Arun K; Rubenchik, Alexander M; Barty, Christopher B.J

    2015-11-05

    An optical source capable of enhanced scaling of pulse energy and brightness utilizes an ensemble of single-aperture fiber lasers as pump sources, with each such fiber laser operating at acceptable pulse energy levels. Beam combining involves stimulated Raman scattering using a Stokes' shifted seed beam, the latter of which is optimized in terms of its temporal and spectral properties. Beams from fiber lasers can thus be combined to attain pulses with peak energies in excess of the fiber laser self-focusing limit of 4 MW while retaining the advantages of a fiber laser system of high average power with good beam quality.

  4. Raman beam combining for laser brightness enhancement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jay W.; Allen, Graham S.; Pax, Paul H.; Heebner, John E.; Sridharan, Arun K.; Rubenchik, Alexander M.; Barty, Chrisopher B. J.

    2015-10-27

    An optical source capable of enhanced scaling of pulse energy and brightness utilizes an ensemble of single-aperture fiber lasers as pump sources, with each such fiber laser operating at acceptable pulse energy levels. Beam combining involves stimulated Raman scattering using a Stokes' shifted seed beam, the latter of which is optimized in terms of its temporal and spectral properties. Beams from fiber lasers can thus be combined to attain pulses with peak energies in excess of the fiber laser self-focusing limit of 4 MW while retaining the advantages of a fiber laser system of high average power with good beam quality.

  5. Combined cycle comes to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    The first combined cycle power station in the Philippines has gone into operation at National Power Corporation`s (NPC) Limay Bataan site, some 40 km west of Manila. The plant comprises two 300 MW blocks in 3+3+1 configuration, based on ABB Type GT11N gas turbines. It was built by a consortium of ABB, with their Japanese licensee Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Marubeni Corporation. This paper discusses Philippine power production, design and operation of the Limay Bataan plant, and conversion of an existing turbine of the nuclear plant project that was abandoned earlier, into a combined cycle operation. 6 figs.

  6. Combining QCD Matrix Elements and Parton Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Webber

    2000-05-04

    A new method for combining QCD matrix elements and parton showers in Monte Carlo simulations of hadronic final states is outlined. The aim is to provide at least a leading-order description of all hard multi-jet configurations together with jet fragmentation to next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy, while avoiding the most serious problems of double counting.

  7. Combining Fuzzy Information: an Overview Ronald Fagin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsotras, Vassilis J.

    is a reasonable property to demand of an aggregation function: if for every attribute, the grade of object R using a fixed monotone aggregation function, or combining rule, such as min or average. In this overview red). In response to a query asking for red objects, a multimedia system might typically assign

  8. Combined cycle power plant incorporating coal gasification

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liljedahl, Gregory N. (Tariffville, CT); Moffat, Bruce K. (Simsbury, CT)

    1981-01-01

    A combined cycle power plant incorporating a coal gasifier as the energy source. The gases leaving the coal gasifier pass through a liquid couplant heat exchanger before being used to drive a gas turbine. The exhaust gases of the gas turbine are used to generate both high pressure and low pressure steam for driving a steam turbine, before being exhausted to the atmosphere.

  9. Drug-Target Interaction Predicates Combining Similarities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    Drug-Target Interaction Predicates DataSet Combining Similarities Collective Inference Collective Inference and Multi-Relational Learning for Drug­Target Interaction Prediction Shobeir Fakhraei1, Bert Huang1 and Lise Getoor1,2 Poly-pharmacology Drug Repurposing Drug-Target Interaction Network Studies

  10. Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    waste heat) Gas Turbine University Substation High Pressure Natural Gas Campus Electric Load SouthernCombined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine Steam Turbine Chiller Campus Heat Load Steam (recovered Generator Heat Recovery Alternative Uses: 1. Campus heating load 2. Steam turbine chiller to campus cooling

  11. Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    Combined Opportunities in Energy & Water Conservation Projects A.Keller, S. Hughes, S. Bennett, M Irrigation, Diswashers Composting Toilets Policy Recommendations The Energy-Water Nexus Modeling Co saturation in the water district In the arid western US, securing beneficial and cost-effective energy

  12. Rapid Computation of Thermodynamic Properties Over Multidimensional Nonbonded Parameter Spaces using Adaptive Multistate Reweighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naden, Levi N

    2015-01-01

    We show how thermodynamic properties of molecular models can be computed over a large, multidimensional parameter space by combining multistate reweighting analysis with a linear basis function approach. This approach reduces the computational cost to estimate thermodynamic properties from molecular simulations for over 130,000 tested parameter combinations from over a thousand CPU years to tens of CPU days. This speed increase is achieved primarily by computing the potential energy as a linear combination of basis functions, computed from either modified simulation code or as the difference of energy between two reference states, which can be done without any simulation code modification. The thermodynamic properties are then estimated with the Multistate Bennett Acceptance Ratio (MBAR) as a function of multiple model parameters without the need to define a priori how the states are connected by a pathway. Instead, we adaptively sample a set of points in parameter space to create mutual configuration space o...

  13. Electronic Structure Methods for Predicting the Properties Materials: Grids in Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stathopoulos, Andreas

    Electronic Structure Methods for Predicting the Properties Materials: Grids in Space James and glasses small atomic clusters. Many materials properties be predicted accurate solution electronic structure system interest exists. For example, structural properties a material determined the total

  14. Spatial ability and handedness as potential predictors of space teleoperation performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pontillo, Teresa Maria

    2010-01-01

    NASA is concerned with finding performance predictors for space teleoperation tasks in order to improve training efficiency. Experiment 1 determined whether scores on tests of spatial skills could predict performance when ...

  15. Structural design of a lunar lander spacecraft for the Texas space grant regolith oxygen production experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baccus, Ronald Kregg

    1996-01-01

    The focus of this research is the determination of a structural design for the lunar lander spacecraft currently being developed by the Texas Space Grant Consortium to transport a regolith oxygen production experiment to the surface of the moon...

  16. The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liben-Nowell, David

    The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N-Chromosome Genomes Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of different species. For each of these measures, a natu- ral but often difficult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  17. The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of NChromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liben-Nowell, David

    The Syntenic Diameter of the Space of N­Chromosome Genomes # Jon Kleinberg Department of Computer genomes of di#erent species. For each of these measures, a natu­ ral but often di#cult problem is to determine the diameter of the space it defines: What is the maximum distance between any pair of genomes

  18. NOTE Communicated by Thomas Dietterich Combined 5 2 cv F Test for Comparing Supervised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpaydýn, Ethem

    on the training set, and test them on the test set. We define a statistic computed from the errors of the twoNOTE Communicated by Thomas Dietterich Combined 5 × 2 cv F Test for Comparing Supervised statistical tests and proposes the 5 × 2 cv t test for determining whether there is a significant difference

  19. Combined-cycle solarised gas turbine with steam, organic and CO2 bottoming cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the new dish has been characterised, and, more recently, on-sun thermal tests have been performed, optimised for the new SG4 collector. This study aims to determine whether a combined-cycle gas turbine (CCGT) cycle could be viable with the SG4 collector. The intention would be to have a Brayton cycle engine

  20. A combined SMOTE and PSO based RBF classifier for two-class imbalanced problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    A combined SMOTE and PSO based RBF classifier for two-class imbalanced problems Ming Gao a , Xia-sampling technique (SMOTE) and the particle swarm optimisa- tion (PSO) aided radial basis function (RBF) classifier are determined using a PSO algorithm based on the criterion of minimising the leave-one-out misclassification

  1. IAA-CU-13-11-06 Using independent combinations of CubeSat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

    IAA-CU-13-11-06 Using independent combinations of CubeSat solar panels as sun sensors. Using solar panels on 5 of 6 sides of the NUTS CubeSat, we have a lot of atti- tude determinating information readily available during much of the periodical orbit. Using three or more solar panels

  2. CRAD, Confined Spaces Assessment Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This assessment provides a basis for evaluating the safety effectiveness of the contractor’s confined or enclosed spaces procedure, and for establishing compliance with DOE and OSHA requirements.

  3. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guattery, Steve

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia 23681, Hampton, VA 23681­0001 (email: smg@icase.edu). This research was supported by the National Aeronautics

  4. I. Cover Page Ubiquitous Smart Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abowd, Gregory D.

    I. Cover Page Ubiquitous Smart Spaces Topic Area: Smart Spaces Gregory Abowd, Chris Atkeson, Irfan. Ubiquitous Smart Spaces II.1 Innovative Capability Envisioned The next revolutionary advance in smart spaces research is to create and experiment with ubiquitous smart spaces. Current research has created isolated

  5. Dr. David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    Dr. David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center Dr. David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center Intelligent Robots for Space Applications Intelligent Robots for Space Applications Dr. David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center/Metrica Inc. Houston TX 77058 kortenkamp@jsc.nasa.gov http

  6. Nuclear Propulsion in Space (1968)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-06-23

    Project NERVA was an acronym for Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application, a joint program of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and NASA managed by the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office (SNPO) at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Jackass Flats, Nevada U.S.A. Between 1959 and 1972, the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office oversaw 23 reactor tests, both the program and the office ended at the end of 1972.

  7. Nuclear Propulsion in Space (1968)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-17

    Project NERVA was an acronym for Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application, a joint program of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and NASA managed by the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office (SNPO) at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Jackass Flats, Nevada U.S.A. Between 1959 and 1972, the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office oversaw 23 reactor tests, both the program and the office ended at the end of 1972.

  8. Configuration Spaces in Fundamental Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Anderson

    2015-05-13

    I consider configuration spaces for $N$-body problems, gauge theories and for GR in both geometrodynamical and Ashtekar variables forms, including minisuperspace and inhomogeneous perturbations thereabout in the former case. These include many interesting spaces of shapes (with and without whichever of local or global notions of scale). In considering reduced configuration spaces, stratified manifolds arise. Three strategies to deal with these are `excise', `unfold' and `accept'. I show that spaces of triangles arising from various interpretations of 3-body problems already serve as model arena for all three. I furthermore argue in favour of the `accept' strategy on relational grounds. Sheaf methods then become relevant in this case, as does the stratifold construct that pairs some well-behaved stratified manifolds with sheaves. I apply arguing against `excise' and `unfold' to GR's superspace and thin sandwich, and to the removal of collinear configurations in mechanics. Non-redundant configurations are also useful in providing more accurate names for various spaces and theories. I also cover notions of distance between shapes, that some perturbative midisuperspace configuration spaces are simple and similar to minisuperspace ones, and similarities between CS (conformal superspace) and CS + V (including the global spatial volume).

  9. Low temperature high frequency coaxial pulse tube for space application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charrier, Aurelia; Charles, Ivan; Rousset, Bernard; Duval, Jean-Marc [SBT, UMR-E CEA / UJF-Grenoble 1, INAC, 17, rue des Martyrs, Grenoble, F-38054 (France); Daniel, Christophe [CNES, 18, avenue Edouard Belin, Toulouse, F-31401 (France)

    2014-01-29

    The 4K stage is a critical step for space missions. The Hershel mission is using a helium bath, which is consumed day by day (after depletion, the space mission is over) while the Plank mission is equipped with one He4 Joule-Thomson cooler. Cryogenic chain without helium bath is a challenge for space missions and 4.2K Pulse-Tube working at high frequency (around 30Hz) is one option to take it up. A low temperature Pulse-Tube would be suitable for the ESA space mission EChO (Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory, expected launch in 2022), which requires around 30mW cooling power at 6K; and for the ESA space mission ATHENA (Advanced Telescope for High ENergy Astrophysics), to pre-cool the sub-kelvin cooler (few hundreds of mW at 15K). The test bench described in this paper combines a Gifford-McMahon with a coaxial Pulse-Tube. A thermal link is joining the intercept of the Pulse-Tube and the second stage of the Gifford-McMahon. This intercept is a separator between the hot and the cold regenerators of the Pulse-Tube. The work has been focused on the cold part of this cold finger. Coupled with an active phase shifter, this Pulse-Tube has been tested and optimized and temperatures as low as 6K have been obtained at 30Hz with an intercept temperature at 20K.

  10. Extended write combining using a write continuation hint flag

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Dong; Gara, Alan; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin; Vranas, Pavlos

    2013-06-04

    A computing apparatus for reducing the amount of processing in a network computing system which includes a network system device of a receiving node for receiving electronic messages comprising data. The electronic messages are transmitted from a sending node. The network system device determines when more data of a specific electronic message is being transmitted. A memory device stores the electronic message data and communicating with the network system device. A memory subsystem communicates with the memory device. The memory subsystem stores a portion of the electronic message when more data of the specific message will be received, and the buffer combines the portion with later received data and moves the data to the memory device for accessible storage.

  11. Combining weak-lensing tomography and spectroscopic redshift surveys

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cai, Yan -Chuan; Bernstein, Gary

    2012-05-11

    Redshift space distortion (RSD) is a powerful way of measuring the growth of structure and testing General Relativity, but it is limited by cosmic variance and the degeneracy between galaxy bias b and the growth rate factor f. The cross-correlation of lensing shear with the galaxy density field can in principle measure b in a manner free from cosmic variance limits, breaking the f-b degeneracy and allowing inference of the matter power spectrum from the galaxy survey. We analyze the growth constraints from a realistic tomographic weak lensing photo-z survey combined with a spectroscopic galaxy redshift survey over the samemore »sky area. For sky coverage fsky = 0.5, analysis of the transverse modes measures b to 2-3% accuracy per ?z = 0.1 bin at z –2 are measured in the lensing survey and all halos with M > Mmin = 1013h–1M? have spectra. For the gravitational growth parameter parameter ? (f = ??m), combining the lensing information with RSD analysis of non-transverse modes yields accuracy ?(?) ? 0.01. Adding lensing information to the RSD survey improves \\sigma(\\gamma) by an amount equivalent to a 3x (10x) increase in RSD survey area when the spectroscopic survey extends down to halo mass 1013.5 (1014) h–1 M?. We also find that the ?(?) of overlapping surveys is equivalent to that of surveys 1.5-2 times larger if they are separated on the sky. This gain is greatest when the spectroscopic mass threshold is 1013 -1014 h–1 M?, similar to LRG surveys. The gain of overlapping surveys is reduced for very deep or very shallow spectroscopic surveys, but any practical surveys are more powerful when overlapped than when separated. As a result, the gain of overlapped surveys is larger in the case when the primordial power spectrum normalization is uncertain by > 0.5%.« less

  12. Combined Thermal and Power Energy Management Optimization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahner, D. J.; Priestley, R. R.

    1991-01-01

    steam headers and equipment outage may modify steam piping configurations. Such considerations may also be introduced and solved in the optimization algorithm. 38 COMBINED THERMAL AND POWER ENERGY MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION David J. Ahner Manager... The optimization control may be readily interfaced with other plant control functions as shown in Figure 6. The basic process control is designed to be responsive and stable for the various plant loops and to maintain specified process variable setpoints...

  13. Inpainting with sparse linear combinations of exemplars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wohlberg, Brendt

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new exemplar-based inpainting algorithm based on representing the region to be inpainted as a sparse linear combination of blocks extracted from similar parts of the image being inpainted. This method is conceptually simple, being computed by functional minimization, and avoids the complexity of correctly ordering the filling in of missing regions of other exemplar-based methods. Initial performance comparisons on small inpainting regions indicate that this method provides similar or better performance than other recent methods.

  14. Spin-weighted Green's functions in a conical space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1996-11-04

    We give an analysis of the spin-weighted Green's functions well-defined in a conical space. We apply these results in the case of a straight cosmic string and in the Rindler space in order to determine generally the Euclidean Green's functions for the massless spin 1/2 field and for the electromagnetic field. We give also the corresponding Green's functions at zero temperature. However, except for the scalar field, it seems that these Euclidean Green's functions do not correspond to the thermal Feynman Green's functions.

  15. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmen Palomares

    2005-05-20

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a particle physics detector designed to operate on the International Space Station (ISS). The aim of AMS is the direct detection of charged particles in the rigidity range from 0.5 GV to few TV to perform high statistics studies of cosmic rays in space and search for antimatter and dark matter. This will be possible because of the large geometrical acceptance, a very accurate energy determination and a very precise particle identification through redundant measurements of its energy, velocity and electric charge. AMS is scheduled to be placed on the ISS at the beginning of 2008 for a 3 year exposure.

  16. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plant fact sheet | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plant fact sheet Argonne National Laboratory's Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant, expected to be operational in June 2016, will provide electricity...

  17. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power: Effective...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power:...

  18. Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed & Volatile Carbon Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Fixed & Volatile Carbon Poster presented at the 16th Directions...

  19. Engine Driven Combined Heat and Power: Arrow Linen Supply, December...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Engine Driven Combined Heat and Power: Arrow Linen Supply, December 2008 Engine Driven Combined Heat and Power: Arrow Linen Supply, December 2008 This paper describes the Arrow...

  20. Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 The U.S. Department of Housing and...

  1. Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentati...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentation by FuelCell Energy, June 2011 Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Presentation by...

  2. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power - A Decade of Progress, A Vision for the Future ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power - A Decade of...

  3. Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) White Paper, April 2009 Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat and Power (CHP)...

  4. Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008 Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008 This...

  5. Testimonials - Partnerships in Combined Heat and Power Technologies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Combined Heat and Power Technologies - Cummins Inc. Testimonials - Partnerships in Combined Heat and Power Technologies - Cummins Inc. Addthis An error occurred. Try watching this...

  6. Survey of Emissions Models for Distributed Combined Heat and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Survey of Emissions Models for Distributed Combined Heat and Power Systems, 2007 Survey of Emissions Models for Distributed Combined Heat and Power Systems, 2007 The models...

  7. Novel Controls for Economic Dispatch of Combined Cooling, Heating...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Controls for Economic Dispatch of Combined Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) Systems - Fact Sheet, 2015 Novel Controls for Economic Dispatch of Combined Cooling, Heating and Power...

  8. Energy Department Actions to Deploy Combined Heat and Power,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Actions to Deploy Combined Heat and Power, Boost Industrial Efficiency Energy Department Actions to Deploy Combined Heat and Power, Boost Industrial Efficiency October 21, 2013 -...

  9. Combined Heat and Power Market Potential for Opportunity Fuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power Market Potential for Opportunity Fuels, August 2004 Combined Heat and Power Market Potential for Opportunity Fuels, August 2004 The purpose of this 2004...

  10. Development of a Thermal Enhancer ? for Combined Partial Range...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Enhancer for Combined Partial Range Burning and Hydrocarbon Dosing Development of a Thermal Enhancer for Combined Partial Range Burning and Hydrocarbon Dosing Poster...

  11. Combining QCD and electroweak corrections to dilepton production...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Combining QCD and electroweak corrections to dilepton production in the framework of the FEWZ simulation code Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Combining QCD and...

  12. Mastermind Session: Combining Energy Efficiency and Health Services...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Combining Energy Efficiency and Health Services Mastermind Session: Combining Energy Efficiency and Health Services Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Peer Exchange Call:...

  13. ITP Distributed Energy: 2008 Combined Heat and Power Baseline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2008 Combined Heat and Power Baseline Assessment and Action Plan for the Nevada Market Final Project Report September 30, 2008 Prepared By: Pacific Region Combined Heat and...

  14. Fuel Cells for Supermarkets: Cleaner Energy with Fuel Cell Combined...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Supermarkets: Cleaner Energy with Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power Systems Fuel Cells for Supermarkets: Cleaner Energy with Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power Systems Presented...

  15. Small Space Heater Basics | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Small Space Heater Basics Small Space Heater Basics August 19, 2013 - 10:38am Addthis Small space heaters, also called portable heaters, are typically used when the main heating...

  16. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    II - Design Options for Locating Ducts within Conditioned Space Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Design Options for Locating Ducts...

  17. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Air Distribution Retrofit Strategies for Affordable Housing Building America Webinar: High Performance Space...

  18. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,602 1,397...

  19. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Consumption Survey: Energy End-Use Consumption Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All...

  20. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings ... 2,037...

  1. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Released: September, 2008 Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings* ... 1,870 1,276...

  2. Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan Space Conditioning Standing Technical Committee Strategic Plan This strategic plan document outlines the gaps,...

  3. Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook-

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Tables Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other Total Space Heating Water Heating Cook- ing Other All Buildings ... 636 580 46 1 Q 114.0...

  4. Los Alamos Space Weather Summer School

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Non-U.S Citizens Mentors, Projects Papers, Reports Photos NSEC IGPPS Space Weather Summer School Los Alamos Space Weather Summer School June 1 - July 24, 2015 Contacts...

  5. Hydrogen atom on curved noncommutative space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. G. Kupriyanov

    2013-06-05

    We have calculated the hydrogen atom spectrum on curved noncommutative space defined by the commutation relations $\\left[ \\hat {x}^{i},\\hat{x}^{j}\\right] =i\\theta\\hat{\\omega}^{ij}\\left( \\hat {x}\\right) $, where $\\theta$ is the parameter of noncommutativity. The external antisymmetric field which determines the noncommutativity is chosen as $\\omega^{ij}(x) =\\varepsilon^{ijk}{x}_{k}f\\left( {x_i}x^{i}\\right) $. In this case the rotational symmetry of the system is conserved, preserving the degeneracy of the energy spectrum. The contribution of the noncommutativity appears as a correction to the fine structure. The corresponding nonlocality is calculated: $\\Delta x\\Delta y \\geq \\frac{\\theta^2}{4} |m\\langle f^2\\rangle| $, where $m$ is a magnetic quantum number.

  6. Detecting the cosmological recombination signal from space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desjacques, Vincent; Silk, Joseph; de Bernardis, Francesco; Doré, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    Spectral distortions of the CMB have recently experienced an increased interest. One of the inevitable distortion signals of our cosmological concordance model is created by the cosmological recombination process, just a little before photons last scatter at redshift $z\\simeq 1100$. These cosmological recombination lines, emitted by the hydrogen and helium plasma, should still be observable as tiny deviation from the CMB blackbody spectrum in the cm--dm spectral bands. In this paper, we present a forecast for the detectability of the recombination signal with future satellite experiments. We argue that serious consideration for future CMB experiments in space should be given to probing spectral distortions and, in particular, the recombination line signals. The cosmological recombination radiation not only allows determination of standard cosmological parameters, but also provides a direct observational confirmation for one of the key ingredients of our cosmological model: the cosmological recombination histo...

  7. Integration of space weather into space situational awareness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, Geoffrey D

    2010-11-09

    Rapid assessment of space weather effects on satellites is a critical step in anomaly resolution and satellite threat assessment. That step, however, is often hindered by a number of factors including timely collection and delivery of space weather data and the inherent com plexity of space weather information. As part of a larger, integrated space situational awareness program, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed prototype operational space weather tools that run in real time and present operators with customized, user-specific information. The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) focuses on the penetrating radiation environment from natural or nuclear-produced radiation belts. The penetrating radiation environment is highly dynamic and highly orbit-dependent. Operators often must rely only on line plots of 2 MeV electron flux from the NOAA geosynchronous GOES satellites which is then assumed to be representative of the environment at the satellite of interest. DREAM uses data assimilation to produce a global, real-time, energy dependent specification. User tools are built around a distributed service oriented architecture (SOA) which will allow operators to select any satellite from the space catalog and examine the environment for that specific satellite and time of interest. Depending on the application operators may need to examine instantaneous dose rates and/or dose accumulated over various lengths of time. Further, different energy thresholds can be selected depending on the shielding on the satellite or instrument of interest. In order to rapidly assess the probability that space weather was the cause of anomalous operations, the current conditions can be compared against the historical distribution of radiation levels for that orbit. In the simplest operation a user would select a satellite and time of interest and immediately see if the environmental conditions were typical, elevated, or extreme based on how often those conditions occur in that orbit. This allows users to rapidly rule in or out environmental causes of anomalies. The same user interface can also allow users to drill down for more detailed quantitative information. DREAM can be run either from a distributed web-based user interface or as a stand-alone application for secure operations. In this paper we discuss the underlying structure of the DREAM model and demonstrate the user interface that we have developed . We also present some prototype data products and user interfaces for DREAM and discuss how space environment information can be seamlessly integrated into operational SSA systems.

  8. Combined search for the quarks of a sequential fourth generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMS Collaboration

    2013-03-13

    Results are presented from a search for a fourth generation of quarks produced singly or in pairs in a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5 inverse femtobarns recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011. A novel strategy has been developed for a combined search for quarks of the up and down type in decay channels with at least one isolated muon or electron. Limits on the mass of the fourth-generation quarks and the relevant Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements are derived in the context of a simple extension of the standard model with a sequential fourth generation of fermions. The existence of mass-degenerate fourth-generation quarks with masses below 685 GeV is excluded at 95% confidence level for minimal off-diagonal mixing between the third- and the fourth-generation quarks. With a mass difference of 25 GeV between the quark masses, the obtained limit on the masses of the fourth-generation quarks shifts by about +/- 20 GeV. These results significantly reduce the allowed parameter space for a fourth generation of fermions.

  9. Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Vos, Winnok H.; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J.; Jones, David B.; Loon, Jack J. W. A. van

    2014-10-15

    As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

  10. Combined fluidized bed retort and combustor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shang, Jer-Yu (Fairfax, VA); Notestein, John E. (Morgantown, WV); Mei, Joseph S. (Morgantown, WV); Zeng, Li-Wen (Morgantown, WV)

    1984-01-01

    The present invention is directed to a combined fluidized bed retorting and combustion system particularly useful for extracting energy values from oil shale. The oil-shale retort and combustor are disposed side-by-side and in registry with one another through passageways in a partition therebetween. The passageways in the partition are submerged below the top of the respective fluid beds to preclude admixing or the product gases from the two chambers. The solid oil shale or bed material is transported through the chambers by inclining or slanting the fluidizing medium distributor so that the solid bed material, when fluidized, moves in the direction of the downward slope of the distributor.

  11. Combination free electron and gaseous laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brau, Charles A. (Los Alamos, NM); Rockwood, Stephen D. (Los Alamos, NM); Stein, William E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1980-01-01

    A multiple laser having one or more gaseous laser stages and one or more free electron stages. Each of the free electron laser stages is sequentially pumped by a microwave linear accelerator. Subsequently, the electron beam is directed through a gaseous laser, in the preferred embodiment, and in an alternative embodiment, through a microwave accelerator to lower the energy level of the electron beam to pump one or more gaseous lasers. The combination laser provides high pulse repetition frequencies, on the order of 1 kHz or greater, high power capability, high efficiency, and tunability in the synchronous production of multiple beams of coherent optical radiation.

  12. Easley Combined Utility System | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetek EuropeEPG| OpenEXLEasley Combined

  13. Combined Federal Campaign | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia National 1 PAGE 1 OF2Guidance to the1 1Combined Federal

  14. Combine Hills II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to:Information9176632°, -76.2521521° ShowNewCombine

  15. Combine, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures Jump to:Information9176632°, -76.2521521°Combine, Texas:

  16. combined heat power | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos AlamosSimulation Initiative7 Boundary Layer HeightCombined Heat

  17. Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Combined Routes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate studentScience (SC)Planning Process Combined Routes

  18. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Space Launch System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    engine. #12;The B-2 test stand at NASA's Stennis Space Center in Mississippi--originally built to test cryogenic liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen that will feed the vehicle's RS-25 engines. SLS is an advanced, heavy-lift launch vehicle that will provide an entirely new capability for science and human exploration

  19. National Aeronautics and Space Administration space launch system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Shuttle Main Engine Processing Facility, solid rocket motor test firing, J-2X test firing #12;Providing Heavy-Lift Launch Vehicle NASA's Space Launch System is an advanced, heavy-lift launch vehicle which including near-Earth asteroids, Lagrange points, the moon and ultimately Mars. The SLS heavy-lift launch

  20. Atmospheric,OceanicandSpaceSciences Atmospheric, Oceanic & Space Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Research Areas High Energy Density Physics/Laboratory Astrophysics Magnetospheric & Ionosphere/Thermosphere Physics Planetary Magnetospheres Solar & Heliospheric Physics Space Weather Aeronomy For Faculty involved,Recipient, Department of Energy Early Career Award Margaret Kivelson, Member, National Academy of Sciences; Member

  1. Space-Based Gravity Detector for a Space Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonid Verozub

    2009-04-13

    A space-based superconducting gravitational low-frequency wave detector is considered. Sensitivity of the detector is sufficient to use the detector as a partner of other contemporary low-frequency detectors like LIGO and LISA. This device can also be very useful for experimental study of other effects predicted by theories of gravitation.

  2. Contemporary Mathematics Time-space and Space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laudal, Arnfinn

    use some of the basic concepts and philosophy of classical physics in the study of the geometry parametrized by the moduli space is then formulated in much the same way as in modern physics. Contents: §0 is to apply some basic concepts of classical physics to the study of the geometry of some algebraic geometric

  3. National Aeronautics and Space Administration space launch system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    into the solar system--developing new technologies, inspiring future generations and expanding our knowledge Launch System 70t vehicle launching from Kennedy Space Center. Building America's New Rocket for Deep in the solar system, launching crews of up to four astronauts aboard the new Orion spacecraft to explore

  4. Combining Probabilistic Elicitation Data on Energy Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Baker, MIE University of Massachusetts, Amherst Costs of electricity are more similar ranging between 3. We took into account plant and technical efficiencies, lifetimes, capacity factors and annuity rates when determining the projected costs of electricity. The studies showed cost of electricity predictions

  5. FUEL CELL/MICRO-TURBINE COMBINED CYCLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry J. Chaney; Mike R. Tharp; Tom W. Wolf; Tim A. Fuller; Joe J. Hartvigson

    1999-12-01

    A wide variety of conceptual design studies have been conducted that describe ultra-high efficiency fossil power plant cycles. The most promising of these ultra-high efficiency cycles incorporate high temperature fuel cells with a gas turbine. Combining fuel cells with a gas turbine increases overall cycle efficiency while reducing per kilowatt emissions. This study has demonstrated that the unique approach taken to combining a fuel cell and gas turbine has both technical and economic merit. The approach used in this study eliminates most of the gas turbine integration problems associated with hybrid fuel cell turbine systems. By using a micro-turbine, and a non-pressurized fuel cell the total system size (kW) and complexity has been reduced substantially from those presented in other studies, while maintaining over 70% efficiency. The reduced system size can be particularly attractive in the deregulated electrical generation/distribution environment where the market may not demand multi-megawatt central stations systems. The small size also opens up the niche markets to this high efficiency, low emission electrical generation option.

  6. Testing a combined vibration and acceleration environment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jepsen, Richard Alan; Romero, Edward F.

    2005-01-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has previously tested a capability to impose a 7.5 g-rms (30 g peak) radial vibration load up to 2 kHz on a 25 lb object with superimposed 50 g acceleration at its centrifuge facility. This was accomplished by attaching a 3,000 lb Unholtz-Dickie mechanical shaker at the end of the centrifuge arm to create a 'Vibrafuge'. However, the combination of non-radial vibration directions, and linear accelerations higher than 50g's are currently not possible because of the load capabilities of the shaker and the stresses on the internal shaker components due to the combined centrifuge acceleration. Therefore, a new technique using amplified piezo-electric actuators has been developed to surpass the limitations of the mechanical shaker system. They are lightweight, modular and would overcome several limitations presented by the current shaker. They are 'scalable', that is, adding more piezo-electric units in parallel or in series can support larger-weight test articles or displacement/frequency regimes. In addition, the units could be mounted on the centrifuge arm in various configurations to provide a variety of input directions. The design along with test results will be presented to demonstrate the capabilities and limitations of the new piezo-electric Vibrafuge.

  7. Retrofit Integrated Space & Water Heating: Field Assessment, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water and forced air space heating. Called 'Combi' systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's installed costs were cheaper than installing a condensing furnace and either a condensing tankless or condensing storage water heater. However, combi costs must mature and be reduced before they are competitive with a condensing furnace and power vented water heater (EF of 0.60). Better insulation and tighter envelopes are reducing space heating loads for new and existing homes. For many homes, decreased space heating loads make it possible for both space and domestic water heating loads to be provided with a single heating plant. These systems can also eliminate safety issues associated with natural draft appliances through the use of one common sealed combustion vent.

  8. Change detection for hyperspectral sensing in a transformed low-dimensional space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foy, Bernard R; Theiler, James

    2010-01-01

    We present an approach to the problem of change in hyperspectral imagery that operates in a two-dimensional space. The coordinates in the space are related to Mahalanobis distances for the combined ('stacked') data and the individual hyperspectral scenes. Although it is only two-dimensional, this space is rich enough to include several well-known change detection algorithms, including the hyperbolic anomalous change detector, based on Gaussian scene clutter, and the EC-uncorrelated detector based on heavy-tailed (elliptically contoured) clutter. Because this space is only two-dimensional, adaptive machine learning methods can produce new change detectors without being stymied by the curse of dimensionality. We investigate, in particular, the utility of the support vector machine for learning boundaries in this 2-D space, and compare the performance of the resulting nonlinearly adaptjve detector to change detectors that have themselves shown good performance.

  9. On coaxial minors of determinants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babcock, Wealthy Consuelo

    1922-01-01

    . Approved by: ROOlOb SlSb^ Contents Page I. Introduction 1 II. Independence of Coaxial Minors of Special Determinants 9 A. Symmetric Determinant 9 B. Skew-symmetric Determinant ...14 C. Circulant 17 D. Hankel's Determinant 19 III... Introduction The work on coaxial minors of a deter­ minant has centered about the problems of deter­ mining the number of independent coaxial minors, of finding independent sets, and of expressing the determinant in terms of the minors of an independent set...

  10. CP violation from a combined Beta Beam and Electron Capture neutrino experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernabeu, Jose [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, CSIC-University of Valencia, E-46100, Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Espinoza, Catalina [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, CSIC-University of Valencia, E-46100, Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Orme, Christopher; Pascoli, Silvia [Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio [IPPP, Department of Physics, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2010-03-30

    We consider the proposal of a facility comprising a hybrid setup for a neutrino beam which combines an electron capture decay with a beta{sup +} decay from the same radioactive ion with the same boost. We study the sensitivity to the mixing angle theta{sub 13} and the CP-phase, the CP discovery potential and the reach to determine the type of neutrino mass hierarchy. The analysis is performed for different boosts and baselines demonstrating that the combination of the two decay channels, with different neutrino energies, achieves remarkable results.

  11. David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center Distributed Systems David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center/Metrica Inc. Houston TX 77058 kortenkamp@jsc.nasa.gov http://www.traclabs.com/~korten David Kortenkamp NASA Johnson Space Center/Metrica Inc. Houston TX

  12. Searching for a parking space 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric

    2005-01-01

    If you drive a car, it’s a classic problem on the busy city streets, the search for a parking space. Merely driving in the inner city is a challenging and frustrating affair because it is full of one way streets, dead ...

  13. Prospects for space arms control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilat, J.F.

    1989-01-01

    At the recent Wyoming Ministerial, US Secretary of State Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze signed a memorandum of understanding on a bilateral verification experiment and data exchange related to a prohibition on chemical weapons, an agreement on advance notification of certain strategic exercises, and an umbrella agreement on START trial verification and stability measures. Despite these substantive achievements in high priority areas for the United States and the Soviet Union, media attention on the ministerial focused on an offer by the Soviets that would allow a START agreement to be concluded without a resolution of US-Soviet differences in the Defense and Space (D S) talks. Of course, the Soviet offer did not delink'' START and D S, because the Soviets continued to demand the right to withdraw from START if the United States deployed space-based defenses. A more substantial proposal on Defense and Space was the US initiative inviting a group of Soviet experts to visit Los Alamos and the TRW Corporation's test facility in San Juan Capistrano to learn more about US SDI research activities. The US invitation was proposed in the context of the Predictability Measures Protocol to a Defense and Space Treaty, tabled by the United States, which calls for regular exchanges of data, briefings, visits to laboratories, and observation of tests designed to foster transparency and predictability.

  14. Upper Estimates for Banach Spaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Daniel B.

    2010-10-12

    We study the relationship of dominance for sequences and trees in Banach spaces. In the context of sequences, we prove that domination of weakly null sequences is a uniform property. More precisely, if $(v_i)$ is a normalized basic sequence and $X...

  15. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    -generation space fleet, Orion will push the envelope of human spaceflight far beyond low Earth orbit. Orion may features dozens of technology advancements and innovations that have been incorporated into the spacecraft and avionics systems. Building upon the best of Apollo and shuttle-era design, the Orion spacecraft includes

  16. Fusion for Earth and Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Pharis E

    2009-03-16

    The compact reactor concept (Williams, 2007) has the potential to provide clean, safe and unlimited supply of energy for Earth and Space applications. The concept is a potential fusion reactor wherein deuterium nuclei are preferentially fused into helium nuclei. Because the deuterium nuclei are preferentially fused into helium nuclei at temperatures and energies lower than specified by the standard model there is no harmful radiation as a byproduct of this fusion process. Therefore, a reactor using this reaction does not need any shielding to contain such radiation. The energy released from each reaction and the absence of shielding makes the deuterium-plus-deuterium-to-helium (DDH) reactor very compact when compared to other reactors, both fission and fusion types. Moreover, the potential energy output per reactor weight and the absence of harmful radiation makes the DDH reactor an ideal candidate for individual home and space power. The concept also would make it possible for each plant or remote location to have it's own power source, on site, without the need for a connection to the power grid. This would minimize, or eliminate, power blackouts. The concept could replace large fission reactors and fossil fuel power plants plus provide energy for ships, locomotives, trucks and autos. It would make an ideal source of energy for space power applications and for space propulsion.

  17. Space Risks: A new generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    the capacity to travel and live in space, we can reach other planets and, most useful for our daily lives, we in orbit and ensuring the safety of installations on Earth. Insurers, therefore, are integral Our Specialists Contents 2 Executive summary 3 Introduction 4 Collision risks on the rise 12 Solar

  18. Magnetic fields on resistance spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Hinz; Luke Rogers

    2015-02-03

    On a metric measure space $X$ that supports a regular, strongly local resistance form we consider a magnetic energy form that corresponds to the magnetic Laplacian for a particle confined to $X$. We provide sufficient conditions for closability and self-adjointness in terms of geometric conditions on the reference measure without assuming energy dominance.

  19. Static, massive fields and vacuum polarization potential in Rindler space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1997-04-03

    In Rindler space, we determine in terms of special functions the expression of the static, massive scalar or vector field generated by a point source. We find also an explicit integral expression of the induced electrostatic potential resulting from the vacuum polarization due to an electric charge at rest in the Rindler coordinates. For a weak acceleration, we give then an approximate expression in the Fermi coordinates associated with the uniformly accelerated observer.

  20. Nonclassicality Phase-Space Functions: More Insight with Fewer Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Luis; J. Sperling; W. Vogel

    2015-03-17

    Systems of on-off detectors are well established for measuring radiation fields in the regime of small photon numbers. We propose to combine these detector systems with unbalanced homodyning with a weak local oscillator. This approach yields phase-space functions, which represent the click counterpart of the s parametrized quasiprobabilities of standard photoelectric detection theory. This introduced class of distributions can be directly sampled from the measured click counting statistics. Therefore, our technique visualizes nonclassical effects without further data processing. Surprisingly, a small number of on-off diodes can yield more insight than perfect photon number resolution. Quantum signatures in the particle and wave domain of the quantized radiation field, as shown by photon number and squeezed states, respectively, will be uncovered in terms of negativities of the sampled phase-space functions. Application in the vast fields of quantum optics and quantum technology will benefit from our efficient nonclassicality characterization approach.

  1. Tevatron Top-Quark Combinations and World Top-Quark Mass Combination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinhild Yvonne Peters; on behalf of the ATLAS; CDF; CMS; D0 collaborations

    2014-11-04

    Almost 20 years after its discovery, the top quark is still an interesting particle, undergoing precise investigation of its properties. For many years, the Tevatron proton antiproton collider at Fermilab was the only place to study top quarks in detail, while with the recent start of the LHC proton proton collider a top quark factory has opened. An important ingredient for the full understanding of the top quark is the combination of measurements from the individual experiments. In particular, the Tevaton combinations of single top-quark cross sections, the ttbar production cross section, the W helicity in top-quark decays as well as the Tevatron and the world combination of the top-quark mass are discussed.

  2. Space

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|SensitiveApril 2, 2014 Smith Named as NewApril

  3. Physical space and cosmology. I: Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriy P. Polulyakh

    2011-02-01

    The nature of the physical space seems the most important subject in physics. A present paper proceeds from the assumption of physical reality of space contrary to the standard view of the space as a purely relational nonexistence - void. The space and its evolution are the primary sources of phenomena in Mega- and micro-worlds. Thus cosmology and particle physics have the same active agent - physical space.

  4. On the metric structure of space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochen Rau

    2010-09-28

    I present an analysis of the physical assumptions needed to obtain the metric structure of space-time. For this purpose I combine the axiomatic approach pioneered by Robb with ideas drawn from works on Weyl's "Raumproblem". The concept of a Lorentzian manifold is replaced by the weaker concept of an "event manifold", defined in terms of volume element, causal structure and affine connection(s). Exploiting properties of its structure group, I show that distinguishing Lorentzian manifolds from other classes of event manifolds requires the key idea of general relativity: namely that the manifold's physical structure, rather than being fixed, is itself a variable.

  5. Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)

    1981-06-02

    A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

  6. Combined Experiment Phase 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butterfield, C.P.; Musial, W.P.; Simms, D.A.

    1992-10-01

    How does wind tunnel airfoil data differ from the airfoil performance on an operating horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT)? The National Renewable Energy laboratory has been conducting a comprehensive test program focused on answering this question and understanding the basic fluid mechanics of rotating HAWT stall aerodynamics. The basic approach was to instrument a wind rotor, using an airfoil that was well documented by wind tunnel tests, and measure operating pressure distributions on the rotating blade. Based an the integrated values of the pressure data, airfoil performance coefficients were obtained, and comparisons were made between the rotating data and the wind tunnel data. Care was taken to the aerodynamic and geometric differences between the rotating and the wind tunnel models. This is the first of two reports describing the Combined Experiment Program and its results. This Phase I report covers background information such as test setup and instrumentation. It also includes wind tunnel test results and roughness testing.

  7. In-Space Transportation Infrastructure Architecture Decisions Using a Weighted Graph Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    and Technology Skolkovo 143025, Russia crawley@skolkovotech.ru Abstract-- The selection of an architecture with nodes corresponding to architecture- technology combinations and edges corresponding to the abilityIn-Space Transportation Infrastructure Architecture Decisions Using a Weighted Graph Approach Peter

  8. Deep and optically resolved imaging through scattering media by space-reversed propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peyré, Gabriel

    Deep and optically resolved imaging through scattering media by space-reversed propagation W to the objective working distance. By combining Laser Optical Feedback Imaging (LOFI) with Acoustic Photon Taging. © 2010 Optical Society of America OCIS Codes: (090.1995) , (170.0110), (170.1065), (180.1790), (290

  9. CoConut: Co-Classification with Output Space Regularization Sameh Khamis Christoph H. Lampert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    CoConut: Co-Classification with Output Space Regularization Sameh Khamis Christoph H. Lampert a combination of discrete optimization and Lagrangian Relaxation Approach We evaluated CoConut on six different datasets: four image and two network datasets We used the features provided by the original authors CoConut

  10. Design Space Exploration of incompletely specified Embedded Systems by Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huss, Sorin A.

    Design Space Exploration of incompletely specified Embedded Systems by Genetic Algorithms Stephan Germany Abstract Due to their growing complexity embedded systems are no longer designed from scratch. Therefore, a design methodology is necessary which allows to reuse existing submodules in combination

  11. System and method to determine electric motor efficiency nonintrusively

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Harley, Ronald G. (Lawrenceville, GA)

    2011-08-30

    A system and method for nonintrusively determining electric motor efficiency includes a processor programed to, while the motor is in operation, determine a plurality of stator input currents, electrical input data, a rotor speed, a value of stator resistance, and an efficiency of the motor based on the determined rotor speed, the value of stator resistance, the plurality of stator input currents, and the electrical input data. The determination of the rotor speed is based on one of the input power and the plurality of stator input currents. The determination of the value of the stator resistance is based on at least one of a horsepower rating and a combination of the plurality of stator input currents and the electrical input data. The electrical input data includes at least one of an input power and a plurality of stator input voltages.

  12. Ordering mechanism of stacked CdSe/ZnS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} quantum dots: A combined reciprocal-space and real-space approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Th.; Roventa, E.; Clausen, T.; Flege, J. I.; Alexe, G.; Rosenauer, A.; Hommel, D.; Falta, J.; Bernstorff, S.; Kuebel, C.

    2005-11-15

    The vertical and lateral ordering of stacked CdSe quantum dot layers embedded in ZnS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} has been investigated by means of grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy. Different growth parameters have been varied in order to elucidate the mechanisms leading to quantum dot correlation. From the results obtained for different numbers of quantum dot layers, we conclude on a self-organized process which leads to increasing ordering for progressive stacking. The dependence on the spacer layer thickness indicates that strain induced by lattice mismatch drives the ordering process, which starts to break down for too thick spacer layers in a thickness range from 45 to 80 A. Typical quantum dot distances in a range from about 110 to 160 A have been found. A pronounced anisotropy of the quantum dot correlation has been observed, with the strongest ordering along the [110] direction. Since an increased ordering is found with increasing growth temperature, the formation of stacking faults as an additional mechanism for quantum dot alignment can be ruled out.

  13. CX-007643: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Construction of 37 Parking Spaces South of 251-4F CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 01/17/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  14. CAPITAL PLANNING AND SPACE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF OUTDOOR SPACE ON THE CAMPUS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPITAL PLANNING AND SPACE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF OUTDOOR SPACE ON THE CAMPUS SPACE AND OUTDOOR SPACE Capital Planning and Space Management offers event scheduling to student taking responsibility and agreeing to reimburse the University for the Cost of whatever damage

  15. United Nations Human Space Technology Initiative (HSTI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochiai, M; Steffens, H; Balogh, W; Haubold, H J; Othman, M; Doi, T

    2015-01-01

    The Human Space Technology Initiative was launched in 2010 within the framework of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications implemented by the Office for Outer Space Affairs of the United Nations. It aims to involve more countries in activities related to human spaceflight and space exploration and to increase the benefits from the outcome of such activities through international cooperation, to make space exploration a truly international effort. The role of the Initiative in these efforts is to provide a platform to exchange information, foster collaboration between partners from spacefaring and non-spacefaring countries, and encourage emerging and developing countries to take part in space research and benefit from space applications. The Initiative organizes expert meetings and workshops annually to raise awareness of the current status of space exploration activities as well as of the benefits of utilizing human space technology and its applications. The Initiative is also carrying out primary ...

  16. Determining the neutrino mass hierarchy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2006-07-01

    In this proceedings I review the physics that future experiments will use to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy.

  17. CX-008492: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carbon Dioxide Capture from Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Gas Streams Using the Ammonium Carbonate-Ammonium Bicarbonate Process CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  18. CX-008272: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Deployment of Flex Combined Heat and Power System CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/11/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  19. CX-011555: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Managing Zirconium Chemistry and Phase Compatibility in Combined Process Separations for Minor Actinide Partitioning CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 11/21/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  20. CX-012673: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Combining Experiments and Simulations of Extraction Kinetics and Thermodynamics in Advanced Separation Processes for Used Nuclear Fuel. University of California, Irving CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 41872 Location(s): CaliforniaOffices(s): Nuclear Energy

  1. CX-010872: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Argonne ESPC IV Combined Heat and Power Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.14 Date: 07/02/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Argonne Site Office

  2. CX-004443: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    State Energy Program - Combined Heat and Power - Metropolitan CouncilCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 11/16/2010Location(s): MinnesotaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  3. CX-009743: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Novel Sorbent to Cleanup Biogas for Combined Heat and Power Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 12/19/2012 Location(s): Connecticut Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. Combined distance-of-flight and time-of-flight mass spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Enke, Christie G; Ray, Steven J; Graham, Alexander W; Hieftje, Gary M; Barinaga, Charles J; Koppenaal, David W

    2014-02-11

    A combined distance-of-flight mass spectrometry (DOFMS) and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) instrument includes an ion source configured to produce ions having varying mass-to-charge ratios, a first detector configured to determine when each of the ions travels a predetermined distance, a second detector configured to determine how far each of the ions travels in a predetermined time, and a detector extraction region operable to direct portions of the ions either to the first detector or to the second detector.

  5. Relativity theory in time-space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ákos G. Horváth

    2014-11-05

    The concept of time-space defined in an earlier paper of the author is certain generalization of the so-called space-time. In this paper we introduce the concept of time-space manifold. In the homogeneous case, the time-space manifold is a differentiable manifold with such tangent spaces which have certain fixed time-space structure. We redefine the fundamental concepts of global relativity theory with respect to this general situation. We study the concepts of affine connection, parallel transport, curvature tensor and Einstein equation, respectively.

  6. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power Systemfor Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Powerof solar combined heat and power systems . . . . . . .

  7. Combined Heat and Power: A Technology Whose Time Has Come

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraina, Steven

    2014-01-01

    Incentives for Combined Heat and Power, U.S. E NVTL . PCombined Heat and Power: A Technology Whose Time Has ComeWashington, D.C. COMBINED HEAT AND POWER A. Create an

  8. National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States...

  9. Development of a Reaction Signature for Combined Concrete Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghanem, Hassan A.

    2010-07-14

    is highly repeatable and reliable. To relate the effect of material combinations to field performance, concrete samples with different w/cm?s and fly ash contents using selective aggregates were tested at different alkalinities. To combine aggregate...

  10. Emergency response determinants confirm situation status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, T.K.

    1993-08-01

    Since introducing the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard in December 1986, OSHA has received hundreds of letters requesting clarification of emergency response.'' To facilitate more efficient access to policy interpretations, the agency's Directorate of Compliance Programs has created interpretive quips (IQs), which are abstracted from OSHA letters and memoranda, and, therefore, represent agency policy. IQ language can be incorporated into new letters of interpretation or provided as technical guidance during telephone inquiries. However, IQs are no substitute for provisions of the 1970 OSHAct. To maintain consistency, OSHA prepares a compliance guidance document (CPL) on particular standards. The agency usually prepares CPLs for performance-oriented standards, such as hazard communication, lockout/tagout, confined space entry and, of course, HAZWOPER. CPLs are detailed documents delineating how OSHA determines whether a company is in compliance with the provisions of a particular standard. The agency has developed several CPLs but only recently has created IQs.

  11. Combined rankine and vapor compression cycles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Radcliff, Thomas D.; Biederman, Bruce P.; Brasz, Joost J.

    2005-04-19

    An organic rankine cycle system is combined with a vapor compression cycle system with the turbine generator of the organic rankine cycle generating the power necessary to operate the motor of the refrigerant compressor. The vapor compression cycle is applied with its evaporator cooling the inlet air into a gas turbine, and the organic rankine cycle is applied to receive heat from a gas turbine exhaust to heat its boiler within one embodiment, a common condenser is used for the organic rankine cycle and the vapor compression cycle, with a common refrigerant, R-245a being circulated within both systems. In another embodiment, the turbine driven generator has a common shaft connected to the compressor to thereby eliminate the need for a separate motor to drive the compressor. In another embodiment, an organic rankine cycle system is applied to an internal combustion engine to cool the fluids thereof, and the turbo charged air is cooled first by the organic rankine cycle system and then by an air conditioner prior to passing into the intake of the engine.

  12. Combined current collector and electrode separator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gerenser, R.J.; Littauer, E.L.

    1983-08-23

    This relates to reactive metal cells wherein there is a cathode and a consumable anode. It is necessary to separate the cathode from the anode so that an electrolyte may constantly flow over the face of the anode opposing the cathode. It has been found that this separator may also beneficially function as a current collector. The combined current collector and separator includes a peripheral supporting frame of which a portion may function as a bus-bar. A plurality of bars or ribs extend in parallel relation across the opening defined by the supporting frame and are electrically connected to the bus-bar portion. It is preferred that each bar or rib have a pointed or line edge which will engage and slightly bite into the associated anode to maintain the bar or rib in electrical contact with the anode. This abstract forms no part of the specification of this application and is not to be construed as limiting the claims of the application. 6 figs.

  13. A performance-driven experiment framework for space technology development using the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilton, Andrew Robert

    2015-01-01

    Space systems are inherently difficult to verify prior to launch due to the challenges of replicating the space environment through ground testing. The SPHERES testbed on the International Space Station has provided a ...

  14. Space and motion : data based rules of public space pedestrian motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez Rojas, Paloma (Paloma Francisca)

    2015-01-01

    The understanding of space relies on motion, as we experience space by crossing it. While in motion we sense the environment in time, interacting with space. The vision of this thesis is to incorporate people's motion into ...

  15. The breakthrough time and permeation rate of three organic chemicals for selected glove combinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binion, Pete Edwin

    1992-01-01

    rates and breakthrough times were determined for the five different glove combinations versus three test chemicals using the Miran-lA infrared analyzer in a closed loop system. The polymers tested were natural rubber (NR), polyvinyl chloride (PVC... time and permeation rate when tested against three different challenge chemicals. PVC gloves with nitrile liners appeared to provide the most protection time against breakthrough for all three chemicals. The PVC gloves showed excellent resistance...

  16. Optimal Lipid Modification: the Rationale for Combination Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Backes, James M.; Gibson, Cheryl A.; Howard, Patricia A.

    2005-01-25

    , combination therapy has been shown to be advantageous in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) resulting in better glycemic control and fewer complications (Bell and Ovalle 2004; Strowig et al 2004). For patients with dyslipidemia, hesitancy to use combination therapy..., combination therapy has been shown to be advantageous in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) resulting in better glycemic control and fewer complications (Bell and Ovalle 2004; Strowig et al 2004). For patients with dyslipidemia, hesitancy to use combination therapy...

  17. Combined Heat and Power Systems (CHP): Capabilities (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-07-01

    D&MT Capabilities fact sheet that describes the NREL capabilities related to combined heat and power (CHP).

  18. Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Jingfeng; Zhuang, Qianlai; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Bolstad, Paul V.; Burns, Sean P.; Chen, Jiquan; Cook, David R.; Curtis, Peter S.; Drake, Bert G.; Foster, David R.; Gu, Lianhong; Hadley, Julian L.; Hollinger, David Y.; Katul, Gabriel G.; Law, Beverly E.; Litvak, Marcy; Ma, Siyan; Martin, Timothy A.; Matamala, Roser; McNulty, Steve; Meyers, Tilden P.; Monson, Russell K.; Munger, J. William; Noormets, Asko; Oechel, Walter C.; Oren, Ram; Richardson, Andrew D.; Schmid, Hans Peter; Scott, Russell L.; Starr, Gregory; Sun, Ge; Suyker, Andrew E.; Torn, Margaret S.; Paw, Kyaw; Verma, Shashi B.; Wharton, Sonia; Wofsy, Steven C.

    2008-10-01

    Eddy covariance flux towers provide continuous measurements of net ecosystem carbon exchange (NEE) for a wide range of climate and biome types. However, these measurements only represent the carbon fluxes at the scale of the tower footprint. To quantify the net exchange of carbon dioxide between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere for regions or continents, flux tower measurements need to be extrapolated to these large areas. Here we used remotely sensed data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) instrument on board the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Terra satellite to scale up AmeriFlux NEE measurements to the continental scale. We first combined MODIS and AmeriFlux data for representative U.S. ecosystems to develop a predictive NEE model using a modified regression tree approach. The predictive model was trained and validated using eddy flux NEE data over the periods 2000-2004 and 2005-2006, respectively. We found that the model predicted NEE well (r = 0.73, p < 0.001). We then applied the model to the continental scale and estimated NEE for each 1 km x 1 km cell across the conterminous U.S. for each 8-day interval in 2005 using spatially explicit MODIS data. The model generally captured the expected spatial and seasonal patterns of NEE as determined from measurements and the literature. Our study demonstrated that our empirical approach is effective for scaling up eddy flux NEE measurements to the continental scale and producing wall-to-wall NEE estimates across multiple biomes. Our estimates may provide an independent dataset from simulations with biogeochemical models and inverse modeling approaches for examining the spatiotemporal patterns of NEE and constraining terrestrial carbon budgets over large areas.

  19. Determining physical properties of the cell cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Saha; M. Nishikawa; M. Behrndt; C. -P. Heisenberg; F. Jülicher; S. W. Grill

    2015-07-02

    Actin and myosin assemble into a thin layer of a highly dynamic network underneath the membrane of eukaryotic cells. This network generates the forces that drive cell and tissue-scale morphogenetic processes. The effective material properties of this active network determine large-scale deformations and other morphogenetic events. For example,the characteristic time of stress relaxation (the Maxwell time)in the actomyosin sets the time scale of large-scale deformation of the cortex. Similarly, the characteristic length of stress propagation (the hydrodynamic length) sets the length scale of slow deformations, and a large hydrodynamic length is a prerequisite for long-ranged cortical flows. Here we introduce a method to determine physical parameters of the actomyosin cortical layer (in vivo). For this we investigate the relaxation dynamics of the cortex in response to laser ablation in the one-cell-stage {\\it C. elegans} embryo and in the gastrulating zebrafish embryo. These responses can be interpreted using a coarse grained physical description of the cortex in terms of a two dimensional thin film of an active viscoelastic gel. To determine the Maxwell time, the hydrodynamic length and the ratio of active stress and per-area friction, we evaluated the response to laser ablation in two different ways: by quantifying flow and density fields as a function of space and time, and by determining the time evolution of the shape of the ablated region. Importantly, both methods provide best fit physical parameters that are in close agreement with each other and that are similar to previous estimates in the two systems. We provide an accurate and robust means for measuring physical parameters of the actomyosin cortical layer.It can be useful for investigations of actomyosin mechanics at the cellular-scale, but also for providing insights in the active mechanics processes that govern tissue-scale morphogenesis.

  20. Lorenz System Parameter Determination and Application to Break the Security of Two-channel Chaotic Cryptosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Orue; G. Alvarez; M. Romera; G. Pastor; F. Montoya; Shujun Li

    2007-08-05

    This paper describes how to determine the parameter values of the chaotic Lorenz system used in a two-channel cryptosystem. The geometrical properties of the Lorenz system are used firstly to reduce the parameter search space, then the parameters are exactly determined, directly from the ciphertext, through the minimization of the average jamming noise power created by the encryption process.

  1. Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Bruce Turner; Tim Brown; Ed Mardiat

    2011-12-31

    To meet the planned heating and cooling load growth at the Texas Medical Center (TMC), Thermal Energy Corporation (TECO) implemented Phase 1 of a Master Plan to install an additional 32,000 tons of chilled water capacity, a 75,000 ton-hour (8.8 million gallon) Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank, and a 48 MW Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system. The Department of Energy selected TMC for a $10 million grant award as part of the Financial Assistance Funding Opportunity Announcement, U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology, Recovery Act: Deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, District Energy Systems, Waste Energy Recovery Systems, and Efficiency Industrial Equipment Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000044 to support the installation of a new 48 MW CHP system at the TMC located just outside downtown Houston. As the largest medical center in the world, TMC is home to many of the nationâ??s best hospitals, physicians, researchers, educational institutions, and health care providers. TMC provides care to approximately six million patients each year, and medical instruction to over 71,000 students. A medical center the size of TMC has enormous electricity and thermal energy demands to help it carry out its mission. Reliable, high-quality steam and chilled water are of utmost importance to the operations of its many facilities. For example, advanced medical equipment, laboratories, laundry facilities, space heating and cooling all rely on the generation of heat and power. As result of this project TECO provides this mission critical heating and cooling to TMC utilizing a system that is both energy-efficient and reliable since it provides the capability to run on power independent of the already strained regional electric grid. This allows the medical center to focus on its primary mission â?? providing top quality medical care and instruction â?? without worrying about excessive energy costs or the loss of heating and cooling due to the risk of power outages. TECOâ??s operation is the largest Chilled Water District Energy System in the United States. The company used DOEâ??s funding to help install a new high efficiency CHP system consisting of a Combustion Turbine and a Heat Recovery Steam Generator. This CHP installation was just part of a larger project undertaken by TECO to ensure that it can continue to meet TMCâ??s growing needs. The complete efficiency overhaul that TECO undertook supported more than 1,000 direct and indirect jobs in manufacturing, engineering, and construction, with approximately 400 of those being jobs directly associated with construction of the combined heat and power plant. This showcase industrial scale CHP project, serving a critical component of the nationâ??s healthcare infrastructure, directly and immediately supported the energy efficiency and job creation goals established by ARRA and DOE. It also provided an unsurpassed model of a district energy CHP application that can be replicated within other energy intensive applications in the industrial, institutional and commercial sectors.

  2. Unit commitment for combined heat and power production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unit commitment for combined heat and power production Using Tabu Search Gauti Kjartan Gíslason, heuristic, combinatorial optimization, load dis- patch, Tabu Search, combined heat and power. 3 #12; 4 List of abbreviations #15; B&B: Branch and Bound #15; CHP: Combined Heat and Power #15; CO: Combinatorial optimization

  3. unit commitment for combined heat and power production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unit commitment for combined heat and power production Using Simulated Annealing Þórhallur Ingi) for combined heat and power production system. The UCP involves scheduling the on/o#27; status of units, Simulated Annealing, combined heat and power, optimization. 3 #12; 4 List of abbreviations #15; B&B: Branch

  4. COMBINING LOCATION AND EXPRESSION DATA FOR PRINCIPLED DISCOVERY OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartemink, Alexander

    location data to guide the model induction process. We combine these two data modalities by al- lowing combine genomic location and expression data to guide the model induction process by permitting the formerCOMBINING LOCATION AND EXPRESSION DATA FOR PRINCIPLED DISCOVERY OF GENETIC REGULATORY NETWORK

  5. Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Political Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and Political Science Are you looking for a career combining-set? If so, the Combined Honours program in Digital Journalism and Political Science is for you. www in mainstream and alternative journalism, as well in as such fields as communications for business, government

  6. Combined Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of a Cryogenic Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chorowski, M

    1999-01-01

    A cryogenic jet is a phenomenon encountered in different fields like some technological processes and cryosurgery. It may also be a result of cryogenic equipment rupture or a cryogen discharge from the cryostats following resistive transition in superconducting magnets. Heat exchange between a cold jet and a warm steel element (e.g. a buffer tank wall or a transfer line vacuum vessel wall) may result in an excessive localisation of thermal strains and stresses. The objective of the analysis is to get a combined (analytical and experimental) one-dimensional model of a cryogenic jet that will enable estimation of heat transfer intensity between the jet and steel plate with a suitable accuracy for engineering applications. The jet diameter can only be determined experimentally. The mean velocity profile can be calculated from the fact that the total flux of momentum along the jet axis is conserved. The proposed model allows deriving the jet crown area with respect to the distance from the vent and the mean veloc...

  7. Gas tagging and cover gas combination for nuclear reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gross, Kenny C. (Lemont, IL); Laug, Matthew T. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1985-01-01

    The invention discloses the use of stable isotopes of neon and argon, that are grouped in preselected different ratios one to the other and are then sealed as tags in different cladded nuclear fuel elements to be used in a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. Failure of the cladding of any fuel element allows fission gases generated in the reaction and these tag isotopes to escape and to combine with the cover gas held in the reactor over the fuel elements. The isotopes specifically are Ne.sup.20, Ne.sup.21 and Ne.sup.22 of neon and Ar.sup.36, Ar.sup.38 and Ar.sup.40 of argon, and the cover gas is helium. Serially connected cryogenically operated charcoal beds are used to clean the cover gas and to separate out the tags. The first or cover gas cleanup bed is held between approximately 0.degree. and -25.degree. C. operable to remove the fission gases from the cover gas and tags and the second or tag recovery system bed is held between approximately -170.degree. and -185.degree. C. operable to isolate the tags from the cover gas. Spectrometric analysis further is used to identify the specific tags that are recovered, and thus the specific leaking fuel element. By cataloging the fuel element tags to the location of the fuel elements in the reactor, the location of the leaking fuel element can then be specifically determined.

  8. Improved gas tagging and cover gas combination for nuclear reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gross, K.C.; Laug, M.T.

    1983-09-26

    The invention discloses the use of stable isotopes of neon and argon, sealed as tags in different cladding nuclear fuel elements to be used in a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. Cladding failure allows fission gases and these tag isotopes to escape and to combine with the cover gas. The isotopes are Ne/sup 20/, Ne/sup 21/ and Ne/sup 22/ and Ar/sup 36/, Ar/sup 38/ and Ar/sup 40/, and the cover gas is He. Serially connected cryogenically operated charcoal beds are used to clean the cover gas and to separate out the tags. The first or cover gas cleanup bed is held between 0 and -25/sup 0/C to remove the fission gases from the cover gas and tags, and the second or tag recovery system bed between -170 and -185/sup 0/C to isolate the tags from the cover gas. Spectrometric analysis is used to identify the specific tags that are recovered, and thus the specific leaking fuel element. By cataloging the fuel element tags to the location of the fuel elements in the reactor, the location of the leaking fuel element can then be determined.

  9. Combining Pati-Salam and Flavour Symmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorsten Feldmann; Florian Hartmann; Wolfgang Kilian; Christoph Luhn

    2015-06-02

    We construct an extension of the Standard Model (SM) which is based on grand unification with Pati-Salam symmetry. The setup is supplemented with the idea of spontaneous flavour symmetry breaking which is mediated through flavon fields with renormalizable couplings to new heavy fermions. While we argue that the new gauge bosons in this approach can be sufficiently heavy to be irrelevant at low energies, the fermionic partners of the SM quarks, in particular those for the third generation, can be relatively light and provide new sources of flavour violation. The size of the effects is constrained by the observed values of the SM Yukawa matrices, but in a way that is different from the standard minimal-flavour violation approach. We determine characteristic deviations from the SM that could eventually be observed in future precision measurements.

  10. Flags in Space: NASA Symbols and Flags in the U.S. Manned Space Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platoff, Anne M.

    sory Committee for Aeronautics. 4. NASA Policy Directive (When the National Aeronautics and Space Administra- tion (passed the National Aeronautics and Space Act and it was

  11. Confirmation of the Planetary Microlensing Signal and Star and Planet Mass Determinations for Event OGLE-2005-BLG-169

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, D P; Anderson, J; Bond, I A; Anderson, N; Barry, R; Batista, V; Beaulieu, J -P; DePoy, D L; Dong, Subo; Gaudi, B S; Gilbert, E; Gould, A; Pfeifle, R; Pogge, R W; Suzuki, D; Terry, S; Udalski, A

    2015-01-01

    We present Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) observations of the source and lens stars for planetary microlensing event OGLE-2005-BLG-169, which confirm the relative proper motion prediction due to the planetary light curve signal observed for this event. This (and the companion Keck result) provide the first confirmation of a planetary microlensing signal, for which the deviation was only 2%. The follow-up observations determine the flux of the planetary host star in multiple passbands and remove light curve model ambiguity caused by sparse sampling of part of the light curve. This leads to a precise determination of the properties of the OGLE-2005-BLG-169Lb planetary system. Combining the constraints from the microlensing light curve with the photometry and astrometry of the HST/WFC3 data, we find star and planet masses of M_* = 0.69+- 0.02 M_solar and m_p = 14.1 +- 0.9 M_earth. The planetary microlens system is located toward the Galactic bulge at a distance of D_L = 4.1 +- 0.4 kpc, a...

  12. Determining the Criticality of Processes in Kahn Process Networks for Design Space Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the critical path must have a criticality of 1 since none of them can be slowed down without increasing the length of the critical path. As another example, a process which is executed in parallel with a process on the critical path can be slowed down by a factor equal to the execution time of the process on the critical

  13. Combining Space Geodesy, Seismology, and Geochemistry for Monitoring Verification and Accounting of CO2 in Sequestration Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swart, Peter K.; Dixon, Tim

    2014-09-30

    A series of surface geophysical and geochemical techniques are tested in order to demonstrate and validate low cost approaches for Monitoring, Verification and Accounting (MVA) of the integrity of deep reservoirs for CO2 storage. These techniques are (i) surface deformation by GPS; ii) surface deformation by InSAR; iii) passive source seismology via broad band seismometers; and iv) soil gas monitoring with a cavity ring down spectrometer for measurement of CO2 concentration and carbon isotope ratio. The techniques were tested at an active EOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery) site in Texas. Each approach has demonstrated utility. Assuming Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) activities become operational in the future, these techniques can be used to augment more expensive down-hole techniques.

  14. Embeddings and factorizations of Banach spaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Bentuo

    2009-05-15

    One problem, considered important in Banach space theory since at least the 1970’s, asks for intrinsic characterizations of subspaces of a Banach space with an unconditional basis. A more general question is to give necessary and sufficient...

  15. Space applications of shape memory alloys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godard, Olivier Jean

    2002-01-01

    This work presents an investigation of two new possible space applications of shape memory alloys. The first application uses these alloys as active devices to optimally reorient solar panels in space. The thermal issues related to the actuation...

  16. Space Weather Prediction with Exascale Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lapenta, Giovanni

    2011-01-01

    Space weather refers to conditions on the Sun, in the interplanetary space and in the Earth space environment that can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne and ground-based technological systems and can endanger human life or health. Adverse conditions in the space environment can cause disruption of satellite operations, communications, navigation, and electric power distribution grids, leading to a variety of socioeconomic losses. The conditions in space are also linked to the Earth climate. The activity of the Sun affects the total amount of heat and light reaching the Earth and the amount of cosmic rays arriving in the atmosphere, a phenomenon linked with the amount of cloud cover and precipitation. Given these great impacts on society, space weather is attracting a growing attention and is the subject of international efforts worldwide. We focus here on the steps necessary for achieving a true physics-based ability to predict the arrival and consequences of major space weather storms....

  17. NASA Creates Space Technology Mission Directorate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drew media attention and articles on 3D printing, including coverage by Popular Mechanics and website on 3D printing and prototyping technology to create parts for the Space Launch System at Marshall Space

  18. Ames Lab 101: Growing Crystals in Space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trivedi, Rohit

    2011-01-01

    Rohit Trivedi, distinguished professor of materials science and engineering, discusses his research with NASA to grow crystals in space.

  19. Ames Lab 101: Growing Crystals in Space

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Trivedi, Rohit

    2012-08-29

    Rohit Trivedi, distinguished professor of materials science and engineering, discusses his research with NASA to grow crystals in space.

  20. Ongoing Space Physics - Astrophysics Connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Eichler

    2005-03-16

    I review several ongoing connections between space physics and astrophysics: a) Measurements of energetic particle spectra have confirmed theoretical prediction of the highest energy to which shocks can accelerate particles, and this has direct bearing on the origin of the highest energy cosmic rays. b) Mass ejection in solar flares may help us understand photon ejection in the giant flares of magnetar outbursts. c) Measurements of electron heat fluxes in the solar wind can help us understand whether heat flux in tenuous astrophysical plasma is in accordance with the classical Spitzer-Harm formula or whether it is reduced well below this value by plasma instabilities.

  1. Fractional Inversion in Krylov Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Bunk

    1998-05-28

    The fractional inverse $M^{-\\gamma}$ (real $\\gamma >0$) of a matrix $M$ is expanded in a series of Gegenbauer polynomials. If the spectrum of $M$ is confined to an ellipse not including the origin, convergence is exponential, with the same rate as for Chebyshev inversion. The approximants can be improved recursively and lead to an iterative solver for $M^\\gamma x = b$ in Krylov space. In case of $\\gamma = 1/2$, the expansion is in terms of Legendre polynomials, and rigorous bounds for the truncation error are derived.

  2. Space Instrument Realization (ISR-5)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived FOIASpaceSpace Dust45

  3. Space Managment | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived FOIASpaceSpace

  4. Space Week | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived1 Space Science

  5. THE KINEMATIC FORMULA IN RIEMANNIAN HOMOGENEOUS SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Ralph

    THE KINEMATIC FORMULA IN RIEMANNIAN HOMOGENEOUS SPACES Ralph Howard Department of Mathematics)IR (N). This generalizes the Chern-Federer kinematic formula to arbitrary homogeneous spaces with an invariant Riemannian metric and leads to new formulas even in the case of submanifolds of Euclidean space

  6. Seminar 12! The Future of Space Flight!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stengel, Robert F.

    ! Rationales and Approaches for Human Space Flight! ! Spacecraft Power & Thermal Control! Understanding SpaceSeminar 12! The Future of Space Flight! Spacecraft Power & Thermal Control! Robert Stengel! FRS 112, Sec 13.2, 13.3! 1! 2! #12;3! 4! #12;5! 6! #12;7! 8! #12;Spacecraft Power! 9! Typical Electrical Power

  7. Navigation in Information Spaces: supporting the individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Höök, Kristina

    Navigation in Information Spaces: supporting the individual David Benyon Dept. Computer Studies of how users can navigate their way through large information spaces is one that is crucial to the ever takes a critical look at the alterna- tives for assisting users to navigate information spaces

  8. Earth and Space Sciences Geochemistry 111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henkel, Werner

    Earth and Space Sciences #12;Geochemistry 111 5 Earth and Space Sciences Research in the realm of Earth and Space Sci- ences focusses on the observation and qualitative and quantitative description of natural phenom- ena on Earth and in the Universe, on the detailed study and experimental and computational

  9. What is Space? Sunday, February 14, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilczek, Frank

    , that no human power can remove it from the smallest portion of Space, or produce the slightest flaw in its? An independent medium, with a life of its own? The primary ingredient of reality, of which particles (space as an independent entity): "Nature abhors a vacuum." Theory of natural places. Dualism: Both Space

  10. Partial inner product spaces: Some categorical aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J-P. Antoine; D. Lambert; C. Trapani

    2012-03-02

    We make explicit in terms of categories a number of statements from the theory of partial inner product spaces (PIP spaces) and operators on them. In particular, we construct sheaves and cosheaves of operators on certain PIP spaces of practical interest.

  11. Understanding space weather to shield society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Understanding space weather to shield society Improving understanding and forecasts of space weather requires addressing scientific challenges within the network of physical processes that connect the Sun to society. The roadmap team identified the highest-priority areas within the Sun-Earth space-weather

  12. Understanding space weather to shield society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Understanding space weather to shield society An international, interdisciplinary roadmap to advance the scientific understanding of the Sun-Earth connections leading to space weather, on behalf observatory along with models and innovative approaches to data incorporation;! b) Understand space weather

  13. Atomic power in space: A history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-03-01

    ''Atomic Power in Space,'' a history of the Space Isotope Power Program of the United States, covers the period from the program's inception in the mid-1950s through 1982. Written in non-technical language, the history is addressed to both the general public and those more specialized in nuclear and space technologies. 19 figs., 3 tabs.

  14. Simulation of a cascaded longitudinal space charge amplifier for broadband radiation production using a superconducting linac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halavanau, A

    2015-01-01

    Longitudinal space charge (LSC) effects are generally considered as harmful in free-electron lasers as they can seed unfavorable energy modulations that can result in density modulations with associated emittance dilution. It was pointed out, however, that such "micro-bunching instabilities'' could be potentially useful to support the generation of broadband coherent radiation. Therefore there has been an increasing interest in devising accelerator beam lines capable of controlling LSC induced density modulations. In the present paper we augment these previous investigations by combining a grid-less space charge algorithm with the popular particle-tracking program {\\sc elegant}. This high-fidelity model of the space charge is used to benchmark conventional LSC models. We finally employ the developed model to optimize the performance of a cascaded longitudinal space charge amplifier using beam parameters comparable to the ones achievable at Fermilab Accelerator Science \\& Technology (FAST) facility current...

  15. Reciprocal-space solvent flattening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Structural Biology Group, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    1999-11-01

    A procedure is described for improvement of crystallographic phases by reciprocal-space maximization of a likelihood function including experimental phases and characteristics of the electron-density map. Solvent flattening is a powerful tool for improving crystallographic phases for macromolecular structures obtained at moderate resolution, but uncertainties in the optimal weighting of experimental phases and modified phases make it difficult to extract all the phase information possible. Solvent flattening is essentially an iterative method for maximizing a likelihood function which consists of (i) experimental phase information and (ii) information on the likelihood of various arrangements of electron density in a map, but the likelihood function is generally not explicitly defined. In this work, a procedure is described for reciprocal-space maximization of a likelihood function based on experimental phases and characteristics of the electron-density map. The procedure can readily be applied to phase improvement based on solvent flattening and can potentially incorporate information on a wide variety of other characteristics of the electron-density map.

  16. Reciprocal Space Mapping for Dummies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuele Lilliu; Thomas Dane

    2015-12-28

    Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXD) is a surface sensitive X-ray investigation technique (or geometry configuration) that can reveal the structural properties of a film deposited on a flat substrate. The term grazing indicates that the angle between the incident beam and the film is small (typically below 0.5 degrees). This essential technique has been employed on liquid crystals, nanoparticles and colloids, nanostructures, corrosion processes, polymers, bio-materials, interfaces, materials for solar cells, photodiodes, and transistors, etc. Diffraction patterns in GIXD geometry are typically captured with a 2D detector, which outputs images in pixel coordinates. A step required to perform analyses such as grain size estimation, disorder, preferred orientation, quantitative phase analysis of the probed film surface, etc., consists in converting the diffraction image from pixel coordinates to the momentum transfer or scattering vector in sample coordinates (the reciprocal space mapping). This momentum transfer embeds information on the crystal or polycrystal and its intrinsic rotation with respect to the substrate. In this work we derive, in a rigorous way, the reciprocal space mapping equations for a 3D+1S diffractometer in a way that is understandable to anyone with basic notions of linear algebra, geometry, and X-ray diffraction.

  17. Reciprocal Space Mapping for Dummies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuele Lilliu; Thomas Dane

    2015-11-18

    Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction (GIXD) is a surface sensitive X-ray investigation technique (or geometry configuration) that can reveal the structural properties of a film deposited on a flat substrate. The term grazing indicates that the angle between the incident beam and the film is small (typically below 0.5 degrees). This essential technique has been employed on liquid crystals, nanoparticles and colloids, nanostructures, corrosion processes, polymers, bio-materials, interfaces, materials for solar cells, photodiodes, and transistors, etc. Diffraction patterns in GIXD geometry are typically captured with a 2D detector, which outputs images in pixel coordinates. A step required to perform analyses such as grain size estimation, disorder, preferred orientation, quantitative phase analysis of the probed film surface, etc., consists in converting the diffraction image from pixel coordinates to the momentum transfer or scattering vector in sample coordinates (the reciprocal space mapping). This momentum transfer embeds information on the crystal or polycrystal and its intrinsic rotation with respect to the substrate. In this work we derive, in a rigorous way, the reciprocal space mapping equations for a 3D+1S diffractometer in a way that is understandable to anyone with basic notions of linear algebra, geometry, and X-ray diffraction.

  18. CX-010689: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Generic CX Determination for Financial Assistance Awards CX(s) Applied: Unknown Date: 07/17/2013 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): Chicago Office

  19. CX-012200: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Determination of Excess Real Property CX(s) Applied: B1.36 Date: 05/01/2014 Location(s): Colorado Offices(s): Legacy Management

  20. Asymmetries arising from the space-filling nature of vascular networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, David

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular networks span the body by branching across many generations of vessels. The resulting structure delivers blood over long distances to supply all cells with oxygen via the relatively short-range process of diffusion at the capillary level. The structural features of the network that accomplish this density and ubiquity of capillaries are often called space-filling. There are multiple strategies to fill a space, but some strategies do not lead to biologically adaptive structures by requiring too much construction material or space, delivering resources too slowly, or using too much power to move blood through the system. We empirically measure the structure of real networks (18 humans and 1 mouse) and compare these observations with predictions of model networks that are space-filling and constrained by a few guiding biological principles. We devise a numerical method that enables the investigation of space-filling strategies and determination of which biological principles influence network stru...

  1. On the extension of Newton's second law to theories of gravitation in curved space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayeul Arminjon

    2006-09-14

    We investigate the possibility of extending Newton's second law to the general framework of theories in which special relativity is locally valid, and in which gravitation changes the flat Galilean space-time metric into a curved metric. This framework is first recalled, underlining the possibility to uniquely define a space metric and a local time in any given reference frame, hence to define velocity and momentum in terms of the local space and time standards. It is shown that a unique consistent definition can be given for the derivative of a vector (the momentum) along a trajectory. Then the possible form of the gravitation force is investigated. It is shown that, if the motion of free particles has to follow space-time geodesics, then the expression for the gravity acceleration is determined uniquely. It depends on the variation of the metric with space and time, and it involves the velocity of the particle.

  2. Inverse determination of effective mechanical properties of adhesive bondlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hass, Philipp; Mendoza, Miller; Herrmann, Hans J; Niemz, Peter

    2015-01-01

    A new approach for determining effective mechanical bondline properties using a combined experimental-numerical modal analysis technique is proposed. After characterizing clear spruce wood boards, an adhesive layer is applied to the boards surfaces. The shift of the eigenfrequencies resulting from the adhesive layer together with information on the bondline geometry can then be used to inversely determine the mechanical properties of the adhesive layer using Finite Element Models. The calculated values for clear wood as well as for the adhesive layer lie within reasonable ranges, thus demonstrating the methods potential.

  3. Natural Supersymmetry in Warped Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Heidenreich; Yuichiro Nakai

    2015-02-20

    We explore the possibility of solving the hierarchy problem by combining the paradigms of supersymmetry and compositeness. Both paradigms are under pressure from the results of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and combining them allows both a higher confinement scale -- due to effective supersymmetry in the low energy theory -- and heavier superpartners -- due to the composite nature of the Higgs boson -- without sacrificing naturalness. The supersymmetric Randall-Sundrum model provides a concrete example where calculations are possible, and we pursue a realistic model in this context. With a few assumptions, we are led to a model with bulk fermions, a left-right gauge symmetry in the bulk, and supersymmetry breaking on the UV brane. The first two generations of squarks are decoupled, reducing LHC signatures but also leading to quadratic divergences at two loops. The model predicts light $W'$ and $Z'$ gauge bosons, and present LHC constraints on exotic gauge bosons imply a high confinement scale and mild tuning from the quadratic divergences, but the model is otherwise viable. We also point out that R-parity violation can arise naturally in this context.

  4. NASA Turns To Universities For Research In Space-Age Materials SPACE FORUMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    NASA Turns To Universities For Research In Space-Age Materials CHANNELS SPACE FORUMS SPACEDAILY TECH SPACE NASA Turns To Universities For Research In Space-Age Materials innovations as simple that can scale the canyons of Mars Chapel Hill - Sep 26, 2002 NASA has selected a consortium of research

  5. AlbertA Space program alberta Space program boundleSS opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    AlbertA Space program alberta Space program ­ boundleSS opportunity Alberta is a national leader in space sciences ­ and that leadership starts at our universities. The Universities of Alberta, Calgary. Partnerships with Alberta's Universities will be key to leading future Alberta space innovation in the decades

  6. Space weather impacts Thank you for taking this anonymous survey on the impacts of space weather.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Space weather impacts Thank you for taking this anonymous survey on the impacts of space weather) that apply to the general information regarding your institution and your interest in space weather. Please that focus on three different aspects of space weather. The questions that you will see in this part

  7. A Method to Determine Lysine Acetylation Stoichiometries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nakayasu, Ernesto S.; Wu, Si; Sydor, Michael A.; Shukla, Anil K.; Weitz, Karl K.; Moore, Ronald J.; Hixson, Kim K.; Kim, Jong-Seo; Petyuk, Vladislav A.; Monroe, Matthew E.; et al

    2014-01-01

    Lysine acetylation is a common protein posttranslational modification that regulates a variety of biological processes. A major bottleneck to fully understanding the functional aspects of lysine acetylation is the difficulty in measuring the proportion of lysine residues that are acetylated. Here we describe a mass spectrometry method using a combination of isotope labeling and detection of a diagnostic fragment ion to determine the stoichiometry of protein lysine acetylation. Using this technique, we determined the modification occupancy for ~750 acetylated peptides from mammalian cell lysates. Furthermore, the acetylation on N-terminal tail of histone H4 was cross-validated by treating cells with sodiummore »butyrate, a potent deacetylase inhibitor, and comparing changes in stoichiometry levels measured by our method with immunoblotting measurements. Of note we observe that acetylation stoichiometry is high in nuclear proteins, but very low in mitochondrial and cytosolic proteins. In summary, our method opens new opportunities to study in detail the relationship of lysine acetylation levels of proteins with their biological functions.« less

  8. Combining time delays and image positions for quadruple lenses: a moment approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witt, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Time delays in gravitational lenses can be used to determine the Hubble constant and the lens potential. In future surveys, many gravitational lenses can be discovered, and their time delays and image positions can in principle be measured. Using an elliptical power-law potential, we show that combinations of image positions and time delays for quadruple lenses yield simple analytical expressions that are connected with observable quantities. These relations can be used to obtain the approximate axis ratio q, the Einstein radius and the slope. We apply this method to RX J1131-1231, and show that our analytical results match the full numerical determinations approximately. Our approach can quickly determine rough values of lens parameters, which can then be used as initial guesses for further refinement through numerical modelling and may be useful for automated lens search in large surveys.

  9. Web-based description of the space radiation environment using the Bethe-Bloch model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cazzola, Emanuele; Lapenta, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    Space weather is a rapidly growing area not only in scientific and engineering applications but also in physics education and in the interest of the public. We focus especially on space radiation and its impact on space exploration. The topic is highly interdisciplinary bringing together fundamental concepts of nuclear physics with aspects of radiation protection and space science. We present a new approach to presenting the topic by developing a web-based tool that combines some of the fundamental concepts from these two fields in a single tool that can be developed in the context of advanced secondary or undergraduate university education. We present DREADCode, an outreach or teaching tool to asses rapidly the current conditions of the radiation field in space. DREADCode uses the available data feeds from a number of ongoing space missions to produce a first order approximation of the dose an astronaut would receive during a mission of exploration in deep space. DREADcode is based on a intuitive GUI interfa...

  10. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Improves Cooling System Performance...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Marshall Space Flight Center Improves Cooling System Performance NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Improves Cooling System Performance NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Improves...

  11. National Aeronautics and Space Administration MAVEN Orbit Insertion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAfacts MAVEN Orbit Insertion Mars Atmosphere. MAVEN: Exploring Mars' climate history #12;National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space

  12. Survivable pulse power space radiator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mims, J.; Buden, D.; Williams, K.

    1988-03-11

    A thermal radiator system is described for use on an outer space vehicle, which must survive a long period of nonuse and then radiate large amounts of heat for a limited period of time. The radiator includes groups of radiator panels that are pivotally connected in tandem, so that they can be moved to deployed configuration wherein the panels lie largely coplanar, and to a stowed configuration wherein the panels lie in a stack to resist micrometerorite damage. The panels are mounted on a boom which separates a hot power source from a payload. While the panels are stowed, warm fluid passes through their arteries to keep them warm enough to maintain the coolant in a liquid state and avoid embrittlement of material. The panels can be stored in a largely cylindrical shell, with panels progressively further from the boom being of progressively shorter length. 5 figs.

  13. Computer aided architectural space planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schramek, Charles Wayne

    1971-01-01

    interrelations II aI M III E~k 0 0 gzu ta oner al 4 al M cluster 1 ll 14 10 4 aster 3 1 cluster 2 0 . . . . o. . . . 00 I 1 00 0 11 0". 0 11 7 0 0 0 10 4 laaa 1 Us?i' 7 TO 'LU laa 1 0" I'l' 15 TU ULUST~ 3 Pass 2 I?41'1 3 To OLUa?44 Paaa 3... L I-I A PT F' R U I THE IrlTERREI ATIONS ANALYSIS MODEL. . . THE SPACE ALLOCATION PROGRAM. . . . . . . . FLITLIRE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT. . . . . S(1 40 CI-IRPTER UI I THE SUMIMIARY LITERATURE CITEU. Al'Pi: NDICES SAI'IPLE DATA SHEETS II...

  14. CX-005810: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Case Studies of the Residual Oil Zone Carbon Dioxide Flood and the Combined Residual Oil Zone/Main Pay Zone Carbon Dioxide Flood at the Goldsmith Landreth UnitCX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6Date: 05/13/2011Location(s): Ector County, TexasOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. CX-004154: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rapid Commercialization of Advanced Turbine Blades for Integrated Gasification Combined-Cycle PlantsCX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1Date: 09/17/2010Location(s): Charlottesville, VirginiaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  16. CX-000422: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carbon Dioxide Capture From Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Gas Streams Using the Ammonium Carbonate-Ammonium Bicarbonate (AC-ABC) ProcessCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 12/11/2009Location(s): CaliforniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. CX-008491: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carbon Dioxide Capture from Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Gas Streams Using the Ammonium Carbonate-Ammonium Bicarbonate Process CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): Alabama Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  18. CX-008490: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Carbon Dioxide Capture from Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Gas Streams Using the Ammonium Carbonate-Ammonium Bicarbonate Process CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  19. CX-001643: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Scale-Up of Hydrogen Transport Membranes (HTM) for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and FutureGen Coal-to-Hydrogen Plants (Boulder)CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 04/23/2010Location(s): Boulder, ColoradoOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  20. CX-000988: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Green Energy Works! - Combined Heat and Power - Geisinger Medical CenterCX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.15, B1.24, B5.1Date: 02/10/2010Location(s): Danville, PennsylvaniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  1. CX-100003: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Surface and Subsurface Geodesy Combined with Active Borehole Experimentation for the Advanced Characterization of EGS Reservoirs Award Number: DE-EE0006761 CX(s) Applied: A9 Geothermal Technologies Date: 08/27/2014 Location(s): Pennsylvania Office(s): Golden Field Office

  2. CX-002724: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Area of Interest 3 Deployment of Flex Combined Heat and Power System (Funding Opportunity Announcement 0000016)CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 06/21/2010Location(s): Des Plains, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  3. CX-002723: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Area of Interest 3 Deployment of Flex Combined Heat and Power System (Funding Opportunity Announcement 0000016)CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 06/21/2010Location(s): El Centro, CaliforniaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. CX-012267: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Integrated Characterization of Carbon Dioxide Storage Reservoirs on the Rock Springs Uplift Combining Geomechanical… CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6 Date: 06/26/2014 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  5. CX-100257 Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Oneida Indian Nation Community-Scale Clean Energy Deployment Combined Heat and Power Project Award Number: DE-EE0006944 CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.14 Tribal Energy Program Date: 05/29/2015 Location(s): NY Office(s): Golden Field Office

  6. CX-012030: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act: Development of Ion-Transport Membrane Oxygen Technology for Integration in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 04/18/2014 Location(s): Utah Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  7. CX-001850: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) State Energy Program (SEP) El Paso Waste Water Treatment Plant Combined Heat and Power (CHP)CX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 03/30/2010Location(s): El Paso, TexasOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  8. J. Combin. Theory Ser. A, 115(2008), no. 2, 345353. DETERMINATION OF THE TWO-COLOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Zhi-Wei

    2008-01-01

    FOR a1x1 + · · · + amxm = x0 Song Guo1 and Zhi-Wei Sun2, 1 Department of Mathematics, Huaiyin Teachers for Distinguished Young Scholars (No. 10425103) and a Key Program of NSF (No. 10331020) in China. 1 #12;2 SONG GUO AND ZHI-WEI SUN with x0, x1, x2 [1, n]. Let k Z+ and a0, a1, . . . , am Z \\ {0}. Provided that iI ai

  9. Determination of the Structure Form of the Fourth Ligand of Zinc in Acutolysin A using Combined Quantum Mechanical and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    List of Authors: Wu, Emilia; Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics Wong, Kin-Yiu; University of Minnesota, Chemistry Zhang, Xin; Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics Han, Ke Li; Dalian Institute,b* a Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, P. R. China 116023 and b

  10. A study to determine the most effective actuation valve and water distribution head combination for emergency showers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presswood, James Columbus

    1977-01-01

    measure for chemical burns, it is essential that emergency showers be connected to an adequate supply of potable water. Generally, an adequate supply is interpreted to mean a source which can provide 20 to 60 gallons per minute for a period of 15..., new processes, and a wealth- of new and dangerous materials mean that industrial workers are exposed to injury more than ever. The phenomenal growth of the chemical industry in the United States has increased the variety and severity of hazards...

  11. An Approach to Autonomous Control for Space Nuclear Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Richard Thomas; Upadhyaya, Belle R.

    2011-01-01

    Under Project Prometheus, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) investigated deep space missions that would utilize space nuclear power systems (SNPSs) to provide energy for propulsion and spacecraft power. The initial study involved the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO), which was proposed to conduct in-depth studies of three Jovian moons. Current radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) and solar power systems cannot meet expected mission power demands, which include propulsion, scientific instrument packages, and communications. Historically, RTGs have provided long-lived, highly reliable, low-power-level systems. Solar power systems can provide much greater levels of power, but power density levels decrease dramatically at {approx} 1.5 astronomical units (AU) and beyond. Alternatively, an SNPS can supply high-sustained power for space applications that is both reliable and mass efficient. Terrestrial nuclear reactors employ varying degrees of human control and decision-making for operations and benefit from periodic human interaction for maintenance. In contrast, the control system of an SNPS must be able to provide continuous operatio for the mission duration with limited immediate human interaction and no opportunity for hardware maintenance or sensor calibration. In effect, the SNPS control system must be able to independently operate the power plant while maintaining power production even when subject to off-normal events and component failure. This capability is critical because it will not be possible to rely upon continuous, immediate human interaction for control due to communications delays and periods of planetary occlusion. In addition, uncertainties, rare events, and component degradation combine with the aforementioned inaccessibility and unattended operation to pose unique challenges that an SNPS control system must accommodate. Autonomous control is needed to address these challenges and optimize the reactor control design.

  12. Combined ICR heating antenna for ion separation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timofeev, A. V. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2011-01-15

    A combination of one- and two-wave antennas (one and two turns of conductors around a plasma cylinder, respectively) is proposed. This combined antenna localizes an RF field within itself. It is shown that spent nuclear fuel processing systems based on ICR heating of nuclear ash by such a combined antenna have high productivity. A theory of the RF field excitation in ICR ion separation systems is presented in a simple and compact form.

  13. Understanding Optimization Phase Interactions to Reduce the Phase Order Search Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jantz, Michael

    2010-07-30

    to Reduce the Phase Order Search Space 30 5.3.2 Copy Propagation to Reduce the Phase Order Search Space 34 5.3.3 Combining Register Remapping and Copy Propagation . . 36 5.4 Eliminating False Register Dependence on Real Architectures . . 37 5.4.1 Reducing...-orthogonal use of registers affects register-remapped code . . 33 5.7 Effect of copy propagation (512 registers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 5.8 Effect of register remapping with copy propagation (512 registers) 36 5.9 Effect of copy propagation (16 registers...

  14. Determination

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent BondingMeeting |Design CompetitionsFuelof

  15. Determination

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M. M. Beheary, and K. M. Abdel-Moneim, "Effect of dust on the Transpar- ent Cover of Solar Collectors," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, no. 18-19, pp. 3192-3203,...

  16. Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank J. Hartz; Rob Taylor; Grant Davies

    2011-12-30

    One of the underlying objectives of this study is to recover the untapped energy in wastewater biomass. Some national statistics worth considering include: (1) 5% of the electrical energy demand in the US is used to treat municipal wastewater; (2) This carbon rich wastewater is an untapped energy resource; (3) Only 10% of wastewater treatment plants (>5mgd) recover energy; (4) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to produce > 575 MW of energy nationwide; and (5) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to capture an additional 175 MW of energy from waste Fats, Oils and Grease. The WSSC conducted this study to determine the feasibility of utilizing anaerobic digestion and combined heat and power (AD/CHP) and/or biosolids gasification and drying facilities to produce and utilize renewable digester biogas. Digester gas is considered a renewable energy source and can be used in place of fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The project focus includes: (1) Converting wastewater Biomass to Electricity; (2) Using innovative technologies to Maximize Energy Recovery; and (3) Enhancing the Environment by reducing nutrient load to waterways (Chesapeake Bay), Sanitary Sewer Overflows (by reducing FOG in sewers) and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The study consisted of these four tasks: (1) Technology screening and alternative shortlisting, answering the question 'what are the most viable and cost effective technical approaches by which to recover and reuse energy from biosolids while reducing disposal volume?'; (2) Energy recovery and disposal reduction potential verification, answering the question 'how much energy can be recovered from biosolids?'; (3) Economic environmental and community benefit analysis, answering the question 'what are the potential economic, environmental and community benefits/impacts of each approach?'; and (4) Recommend the best plan and develop a concept design.

  17. Simulated combined abnormal environment fire calculations for aviation impacts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Alexander L.

    2010-08-01

    Aircraft impacts at flight speeds are relevant environments for aircraft safety studies. This type of environment pertains to normal environments such as wildlife impacts and rough landings, but also the abnormal environment that has more recently been evidenced in cases such as the Pentagon and World Trade Center events of September 11, 2001, and the FBI building impact in Austin. For more severe impacts, the environment is combined because it involves not just the structural mechanics, but also the release of the fuel and the subsequent fire. Impacts normally last on the order of milliseconds to seconds, whereas the fire dynamics may last for minutes to hours, or longer. This presents a serious challenge for physical models that employ discrete time stepping to model the dynamics with accuracy. Another challenge is that the capabilities to model the fire and structural impact are seldom found in a common simulation tool. Sandia National Labs maintains two codes under a common architecture that have been used to model the dynamics of aircraft impact and fire scenarios. Only recently have these codes been coupled directly to provide a fire prediction that is better informed on the basis of a detailed structural calculation. To enable this technology, several facilitating models are necessary, as is a methodology for determining and executing the transfer of information from the structural code to the fire code. A methodology has been developed and implemented. Previous test programs at the Sandia National Labs sled track provide unique data for the dynamic response of an aluminum tank of liquid water impacting a barricade at flight speeds. These data are used to validate the modeling effort, and suggest reasonable accuracy for the dispersion of a non-combustible fluid in an impact environment. The capability is also demonstrated with a notional impact of a fuel-filled container at flight speed. Both of these scenarios are used to evaluate numeric approximations, and help provide an understanding of the quantitative accuracy of the modeling methods.

  18. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat and Power -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power - A Decade of Progress, A Vision for the Future Overview of CHP, DOE's CHP program, accomplishments, progress, technology R&D, marketplace...

  19. Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine Economic Sustainability With Environmental Sustainability Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product...

  20. Intratumor heterogeneity alters most effective drugs in designed combinations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Boyang

    The substantial spatial and temporal heterogeneity observed in patient tumors poses considerable challenges for the design of effective drug combinations with predictable outcomes. Currently, the implications of tissue ...

  1. Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers combined heat and power (CHP) technologies and their applications.

  2. Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    buildings on nearly 1,000 acres. Photo courtesy of Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus Recovery Act...

  3. Combined Heat and Power: Connecting the Gap between Markets and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices (Part I) Susanne Brooks, Brent Elswick, and R. Neal Elliott March 2006...

  4. Mid-Atlantic Region Combined Heat and Power Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

  5. Integrated Combined Heat and Power/Advanced Reciprocating Internal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and PowerAdvanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine System for Landfill Gas to Power Applications Development of an Improved Modular Landfill Gas Cleanup and...

  6. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 The objective of this 2007 guidebook is to...

  7. Combined Heat and Power with Your Local Utility

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers combined heat and power (CHP) and its uses, configurations, considerations, and more.

  8. Combined Heat and Power: A Federal Manager's Resource Guide,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power: A Federal Manager's Resource Guide, March 2000 Combined Heat and Power: A Federal Manager's Resource Guide, March 2000 This 2000 report identifies the short-, medium-, and...

  9. Combined Heat and Power System Achieves Millions in Cost Savings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    campus, which includes 750 buildings. Photo courtesy of Texas A&M University Combined Heat and Power System Achieves Millions in Cost Savings at Large University Recovery Act...

  10. The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Industrial Sector, January 2000 The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power in the Industrial Sector, January 2000 This January 2000 ONSITE SYCOM Energy...

  11. Combined Heat and Power Webinar | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Webinar Combined Heat and Power Webinar 06092010CHP.pdf More Documents & Publications CHP: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff...

  12. The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Institutional Sector, January 2000 The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power in the CommercialInstitutional Sector, January 2000 ONSITE SYCOM Energy...

  13. Ultra Efficient Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power System - Fact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Inc., in collaboration with Abbott Furnace Company, is developing a combined heat, hydrogen, and power (CHHP) system that utilizes reducing gas produced by a high-temperature...

  14. Fuel-Flexible Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Microturbine and Gasifier System for Combined Heat and Power Operating a Gas Turbine CHP System on Syngas from Biomass Gasification This project will develop and demonstrate a...

  15. Industrial Energy Efficiency and Combined Heat and Power Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Industrial Energy Efficiency and Combined Heat and Power Working Group

    2012-07-16

    Provides an overview of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network's (SEE Action) Industrial Energy Efficiency and Combined Heat and Power Working Group.

  16. Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Installation Market to be Driven...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    overall combined heat and power installation market owing to widespread application in residential, commercial, and industrial segments. The growth of the Europe market can also...

  17. Welding of Dissimilar Materials Combinations for Automotive Applicatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0, 2011 Welding of Dissimilar Materials Combinations for Automotive Applications Jerry E. Gould Technology Leader Resistance and Solid State Welding ph: 614-688-5121 e-mail:...

  18. Y-12 Site Office Recognized For Contributions To Combined Federal...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Site Office Recognized For Contributions To Combined Federal Campaign | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  19. Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings During and after Hurricane Sandy, combined heat and power (CHP) enabled a number of critical infrastructure and...

  20. Method of determining glass durability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jantzen, C.M.; Pickett, J.B.; Brown, K.G.; Edwards, T.B.

    1998-12-08

    A process is described for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, {Delta}G{sub p}, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, {Delta}G{sub a}, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup WA}, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, {Delta}G{sub a}{sup SB} associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, {Delta}G{sub f}. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log{sub 10}(N C{sub i}(g/L))=a{sub i} + b{sub i}{Delta}G{sub f}. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained. 4 figs.

  1. Method of determining glass durability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jantzen, Carol Maryanne (Aiken, SC); Pickett, John Butler (Aiken, SC); Brown, Kevin George (Augusta, GA); Edwards, Thomas Barry (Aiken, SC)

    1998-01-01

    A process for determining one or more leachate concentrations of one or more components of a glass composition in an aqueous solution of the glass composition by identifying the components of the glass composition, including associated oxides, determining a preliminary glass dissolution estimator, .DELTA.G.sub.p, based upon the free energies of hydration for the component reactant species, determining an accelerated glass dissolution function, .DELTA.G.sub.a, based upon the free energy associated with weak acid dissociation, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.WA, and accelerated matrix dissolution at high pH, .DELTA.G.sub.a.sup.SB associated with solution strong base formation, and determining a final hydration free energy, .DELTA.G.sub.f. This final hydration free energy is then used to determine leachate concentrations for elements of interest using a regression analysis and the formula log.sub.10 (N C.sub.i (g/L))=a.sub.i +b.sub.i .DELTA.G.sub.f. The present invention also includes a method to determine whether a particular glass to be produced will be homogeneous or phase separated. The present invention is also directed to methods of monitoring and controlling processes for making glass using these determinations to modify the feedstock materials until a desired glass durability and homogeneity is obtained.

  2. Euclidean scalar and spinor Green's functions in Rindler space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1995-05-19

    In Rindler space, we consider the Feynman Green's functions associated with either the Fulling-Rindler vacuum or the Minkowski vacuum. In Euclidean field theory, they becomes respectively the Euclidean Green's functions $G_{\\infty}$ and $G_{\\2\\pi}$, whose we give different suitable forms. In the case of the massive spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ field, we determine also the Euclidean spinor Green's function $S_{\\infty}$ and $S_{\\2\\pi}$ in different suitable forms. In both cases for massless fields in four dimensions, we compute the vacuum expectation value of the energy-momentum tensor relative to the Rindler observer.

  3. Space-reactor electric systems: subsystem technology assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R.V.; Bost, D.; Determan, W.R.

    1983-03-29

    This report documents the subsystem technology assessment. For the purpose of this report, five subsystems were defined for a space reactor electric system, and the report is organized around these subsystems: reactor; shielding; primary heat transport; power conversion and processing; and heat rejection. The purpose of the assessment was to determine the current technology status and the technology potentials for different types of the five subsystems. The cost and schedule needed to develop these potentials were estimated, and sets of development-compatible subsystems were identified.

  4. Dec 24th 2004 1 When is Direct Combination Useful?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Simon

    investigation, but pending such investigations, in this paper we apply theoretical arguments to seek preliminary object type ordered pairs. If we assume for the sake of argument that there are five operations uniquely space for relevant commands from one hundred and twenty five operations down to a space of five

  5. Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (CX) Determinations By Date Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date August 25, 2015 CX-012469: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Analysis Services CX(s) Applied:...

  6. CX-004264: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Phase II, Determination of Uranium in GroundwaterCX(s) Applied: B3.8Date: 09/27/2010Location(s): Richland, WashingtonOffice(s): Environmental Management, Office of River Protection-Richland Office

  7. CX-008905: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Optimizing Accuracy of Determinations of Carbon Dioxide Storage Capacity and Permanence CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B3.6 Date: 08/29/2012 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  8. CX-012121: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Notice of Preliminary Determination of Energy Savings for ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 CX(s) Applied: A6 Date: 04/25/2014 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  9. National Mining Association Experimental Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Mining Association Experimental Determination of Radon Fluxes over Water #12;Introduction research funded by the National Mining Association (NMA) regarding radon fluxes from water surfaces surfaces at uranium recovery operations are insignificant and approximate background soil fluxes for most

  10. Cotton Gin Dust Explosibility Determinations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderlick, Francis Jerome

    2014-01-06

    the dust for explosibility based on the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E 1226 to ensure proper regulation of facilities. Dusts found in cotton gins were tested to determine if they are explosible. Safety Consulting Engineers Inc. (SCE...

  11. CX-010776: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) Primary Coolant Leak Rate Determination System Equipment Replacement CX(s) Applied: B2.2 Date: 07/24/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Nuclear Energy

  12. Intravascular atherosclerotic imaging with combined fluorescence and optical coherence tomography probe based on a double-clad fiber combiner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    combiner Shanshan Liang Arya Saidi Joe Jing Gangjun LiuShanshan Liang, a,b Arya Saidi, b Joe Jing, b Gangjun Liu, b

  13. An extended phase space for Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Lopez

    2015-09-23

    The standard formulation of Quantum Mechanics violates locality of interactions and the action reaction principle. An alternative formulation in an extended phase space could preserve both principles, but Bell's theorems show that a distribution of probability in a space of local variables can not reproduce the quantum correlations. An extended phase space is defined in an alternative formulation of Quantum Mechanics. Quantum states are represented by a complex va\\-lued distribution of amplitude, so that Bell's theorems do not apply.

  14. Space reactors - past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buden, D.; Angelo, J.

    1983-01-01

    In the 1990s and beyond, advanced-design nuclear reactors could represent the prime source of both space power and propulsion. Many sophisticated military and civilian space missions of the future will require first kilowatt and then megawatt levels of power. This paper reviews key technology developments that accompanied past US space nuclear power development efforts, describes on-going programs, and then explores reactor technologies that will satisfy megawatt power level needs and beyond.

  15. Gender determination of avian embryo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daum, Keith A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Atkinson, David A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for gender determination of avian embryos. During the embryo incubation process, the outer hard shells of eggs are drilled and samples of allantoic fluid are removed. The allantoic fluids are directly introduced into an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) for analysis. The resulting spectra contain the relevant marker peaks in the positive or negative mode which correlate with unique mobilities which are sex-specific. This way, the gender of the embryo can be determined.

  16. Determining Cropland Cash Rental Arrangements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Kastens, Terry L.; Outlaw, Joe

    1999-06-23

    arrangements, using a crop share approach to determine a cash rental rate is practical. This approach determines the cash equivalent amount of an equitable crop share arrangement and then often makes a risk adjustment to that value. The reason for making... proportionally (increase of approxi- mately 10 percent in all regions). This normal- ization of returns is also consistent with the gen- eral assumption that average profits equal zero in the long run. Equitable crop share arrangements were cal- culated...

  17. The Use of experiments on a single fuel element to determine the nuclear parameters of reactor lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilat, E. E., 1937-

    1967-01-01

    The nuclear parameters of a reactor lattice may be determined by critical experiments on that lattice, by theoretical calculations in which only cross sections are used as input, or by methods which combine theory and ...

  18. Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Compact Buried Ducts Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part II - Compact Buried Ducts Dave Mallay, Partnership for Home Innovation (PHI),...

  19. Superintegrability on sl(2)-coalgebra spaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballesteros, A., E-mail: angelb@ubu.e [Universidad de Burgos, Departamento de Fesica, Facultad de Ciencias (Spain); Herranz, F. J., E-mail: fjherranz@ubu.e [Universidad de Burgos, Departamento de Fesica, Escuela Politecnica Superior (Spain); Ragnisco, O., E-mail: ragnisco@fis.uniroma3.i [Universita di Roma Tre and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare sezione di Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Fisica (Italy)

    2008-05-15

    A recently introduced set of N-dimensional quasi-maximally superintegrable Hamiltonian systems describing geodesic motions that can be used to generate 'dynamically' a large family of curved spaces is revisited. From an algebraic viewpoint, such spaces are obtained through kinetic energy Hamiltonians defined on either the sl(2) Poisson coalgebra or a quantum deformation of it. Certain potentials on these spaces and endowed with the same underlying coalgebra symmetry have also been introduced in such a way that the superintegrability properties of the full system are preserved. Several new N = 2 examples of this construction are explicitly given, and specific Hamiltonians leading to spaces of nonconstant curvature are emphasized.

  20. Gauge Gravity and Space-Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning Wu

    2012-07-11

    When we discuss problems on gravity, we can not avoid some fundamental physical problems, such as space-time, inertia, and inertial reference frame. The goal of this paper is to discuss the logic system of gravity theory and the problems of space-time, inertia, and inertial reference frame. The goal of this paper is to set up the theory on space-time in gauge theory of gravity. Based on this theory, it is possible for human kind to manipulate physical space-time on earth, and produce a machine which can physically prolong human's lifetime.

  1. Hyperbolic statics in space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Pavlov; Sergey Kokarev

    2014-12-11

    Based on the concept of material event as an elementary material source that is concentrated on metric sphere of zero radius --- light-cone of Minkowski space-time, we deduce the analog of Coulomb's law for hyperbolic space-time field universally acting between the events of space-time. Collective field that enables interaction of world lines of a pair of particles at rest contains a standard 3-dimensional Coulomb's part and logarithmic addendum. We've found that the Coulomb's part depends on a fine balance between causal and geometric space-time characteristics (the two regularizations concordance).

  2. ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberman, Lior

    ARITHMETIC QUANTUM CHAOS ON LOCALLY SYMMETRIC SPACES LIOR SILBERMAN A DISSERTATION PRESENTED Lindenstrauss on the arithmetic quantum chaos problem on hyperbolic surfaces. We have also benefited from

  3. Automatic aligning free space communication platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, John Michael

    2008-01-01

    OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Automatic Aligning Free Space36 v ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS Automatic Aligning Free Spacetransmitter/receiver. With automatic search and alignment,

  4. Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Space and Remote Sensing Developing and applying remote sensing capabilities to problems of global security and related sciences Contacts Group Leader Robert Shirey Email Deputy...

  5. A Top-down Approach to Combining Logics Christoph Benzmuller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Günter M.

    logics. However, building automated reasoning systems that support combinations of logics is a very: Expressive Ontologies: Multi-Agent Systems: Higher-order Logic: Semantic Embedding: Proof Automation Abstract: The mechanization and automation of combination of logics, expressive ontologies and notions of context

  6. MS Thesis Defense A Combined Discrete-dislocation/Scale-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    MS Thesis Defense A Combined Discrete-dislocation/Scale- dependent Crystal Plasticity Analysis of Deformation and Fracture in Nanomaterials A Combined Discrete-dislocation/Scale- dependent Crystal Plasticity der Giessen, Needleman 1995) Crystal Plasticity Model Results and ComparisonII. Micro-beam Bending

  7. Delay Analysis of Combined Input-Crosspoint Queueing Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamdi, Mounir

    Delay Analysis of Combined Input-Crosspoint Queueing Switches Ge Nong, Ning Situ and Mounir Hamdi Abstract-- The switch architecture with the combined input- crosspoint queueing (CICQ) scheme has been recognized as a practical promising solution for building cost-effective high- performance switches. In an N

  8. Corrosion Investigations at Masned Combined Heat and Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Introduction In Denmark, straw and other types of biomass are used for generating energy in power plants. StrawCorrosion Investigations at Masnedø Combined Heat and Power Plant Part VII Melanie Montgomery AT MASNEDØ COMBINED HEAT AND POWER PLANT PART VII CONTENTS 1. Introduction

  9. Optimal combined wind power forecasts using exogeneous variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimal combined wind power forecasts using exogeneous variables Fannar ¨Orn Thordarson Kongens to the Klim wind farm using three WPPT forecasts based on different weather forecasting systems. It is shown of the thesis is combined wind power forecasts using informations from meteorological forecasts. Lyngby, January

  10. Robust Combiner for Obfuscators Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , mo- bile agents, grid computing, and others. In white-box security the software is at full control and are not proven to be secure. One technique to enhance security is robust combiners. An algorithm C is a robust security is established. In addition, robust combiners for software hardening are interesting from soft

  11. MANUFACTURABILITY ANALYSIS TO COMBINE ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MANUFACTURABILITY ANALYSIS TO COMBINE ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE PROCESSES Authors: Olivier Kerbrat of the tool may advantageously be machined or manufactured by an additive process. Originality/value: Nowadays is proposed to combine additive and subtractive processes, for tooling design and manufacturing

  12. Combining a Chinese Thesaurus with a Chinese Dictionary Ji Donghong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining a Chinese Thesaurus with a Chinese Dictionary Ji Donghong Kent Ridge Digital Labs 21 Heng the problem of combining a Chinese thesaurus with a Chinese dictionary by linking the word entries in the thesaurus with the word senses in the dictionary, and propose a similar word strategy to solve the problem

  13. Combined Finite Element --Finite Volume Method ( Convergence Analysis )

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdeburg, Universität

    Combined Finite Element -- Finite Volume Method ( Convergence Analysis ) M'aria Luk idea is to combine finite volume and finite element methods in an appropriate way. Thus nonlinear grid. Diffusion terms are discretized by the conforming piecewise linear finite element method

  14. Robust Combiners for Software Hardening Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Robust Combiners for Software Hardening Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman Bar-Ilan University Department of Computer Science Ramat-Gan, 52900, Israel Abstract. All practical software hardening schemes S provided either X or Y satisfy S. We present the rst robust combiners for software hardening, specically

  15. Call combinations in wild chimpanzees Catherine Crockford1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Call combinations in wild chimpanzees Catherine Crockford1) & Christophe Boesch2) (Max Planck). Examples of phonological syntax in animals are not uncommon, espe- cially in the learned songs of birds (e.g., Kroodsma & Miller, 1982) and whales (Payne & Payne, 1985). In primates, the call combinations usually cited

  16. Environmental Assessment for the Warren Station externally fired combined cycle demonstration project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    The proposed Penelec project is one of 5 projects for potential funding under the fifth solicitation under the Clean Coal Technology program. In Penelec, two existing boilers would be replaced at Warren Station, PA; the new unit would produce 73 MW(e) in a combined cycle mode (using both gas-fired and steam turbines). The project would fill the need for a full utility-size demonstration of externally fire combined cycle (EFCC) technology as the next step toward commercialization. This environmental assessment was prepared for compliance with NEPA; its purpose is to provide sufficient basis for determining whether to prepare an environmental impact statement or to issue a finding of no significant impact. It is divided into the sections: purpose and need for proposed action; alternatives; brief description of affected environment; environmental consequences, including discussion of commercial operation beyond the demonstration period.

  17. Characterization of porous materials using combined small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Naiping; Borkar, Neha; Kohls, Doug; Schaefer, Dale W. (UCIN)

    2014-09-24

    A combination of ultra small angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) and ultra small angle neutron scattering (USANS) is used to characterize porous materials. The analysis methods yield quantitative information, including the mean skeletal chord length, mean pore chord length, skeletal density, and composition. A mixed cellulose ester (MCE) membrane with a manufacturer-labeled pore size of 0.1 {mu}m was used as a model to elucidate the specifics of the method. Four approaches describing four specific scenarios (different known parameters and form of the scattering data) are compared. Pore chords determined using all four approaches are in good agreement with the scanning electron microscopy estimates but are larger than the manufacturer's nominal pore size. Our approach also gives the average chord of the skeletal solid (struts) of the membrane, which is also consistent for all four approaches. Combined data from USAXS and USANS gives the skeletal density and the strut composition.

  18. U32: Vehicle Stability and Dynamics: Longer Combination Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrolino, Joseph; Spezia, Tony; Arant, Michael; Broshears, Eric; Chitwood, Caleb; Colbert, Jameson; Hathaway, Richard; Keil, Mitch; LaClair, Tim J; Pape, Doug; Patterson, Jim; Pittro, Collin

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the safety and stability of longer combination vehicles (LCVs), in particular a triple trailer combination behind a commercial tractor, which has more complicated dynamics than the more common tractor in combination with a single semitrailer. The goal was to measure and model the behavior of LCVs in simple maneuvers. Example maneuvers tested and modeled were single and double lane changes, a gradual lane change, and a constant radius curve. In addition to test track data collection and a brief highway test, two computer models of LCVs were developed. One model is based on TruckSim , a lumped parameter model widely used for single semitrailer combinations. The other model was built in Adams software, which more explicitly models the geometry of the components of the vehicle, in terms of compliant structural members. Among other results, the models were able to duplicate the experimentally measured rearward amplification behavior that is characteristic of multi-unit combination vehicles.

  19. Device for Determining Position of the Sun 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Observing the relative state of two space vehicles has been an active field of research since the earliest attempts at space rendezvous and docking during the 1960's. Several techniques have successfully been employed by ...

  20. HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK THERMAL AND SEISMIC PROJECT SUMMARY OF COMBINED THERMAL AND OPERATING LOADS WITH SEISMIC ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MACKEY TC; DEIBLER JE; RINKER MW; JOHNSON KI; ABATT FG; KARRI NK; PILLI SP; STOOPS KL

    2009-01-15

    This report summarizes the results of the Double-Shell Tank Thermal and Operating Loads Analysis (TaLA) combined with the Seismic Analysis. This combined analysis provides a thorough, defensible, and documented analysis that will become a part of the overall analysis of record for the Hanford double-shell tanks (DSTs). The bases of the analytical work presented herein are two ANSYS{reg_sign} finite element models that were developed to represent a bounding-case tank. The TaLA model includes the effects of temperature on material properties, creep, concrete cracking, and various waste and annulus pressure-loading conditions. The seismic model considers the interaction of the tanks with the surrounding soil including a range of soil properties, and the effects of the waste contents during a seismic event. The structural evaluations completed with the representative tank models do not reveal any structural deficiencies with the integrity of the DSTs. The analyses represent 60 years of use, which extends well beyond the current date. In addition, the temperature loads imposed on the model are significantly more severe than any service to date or proposed for the future. Bounding material properties were also selected to provide the most severe combinations. While the focus of the analyses was a bounding-case tank, it was necessary during various evaluations to conduct tank-specific analyses. The primary tank buckling evaluation was carried out on a tank-specific basis because of the sensitivity to waste height, specific gravity, tank wall thickness, and primary tank vapor space vacuum limit. For this analysis, the occurrence of maximum tank vacuum was classified as a service level C, emergency load condition. The only area of potential concern in the analysis was with the buckling evaluation of the AP tank, which showed the current limit on demand of l2-inch water gauge vacuum to exceed the allowable of 10.4 inches. This determination was based on analysis at the design waste temperature of 350 F and the full 60-year corrosion allowance on the tank wall of 0.060 inch. However, analysis at a more realistic temperature of 250 F or corrosion allowance of 0.025 inch results in an acceptable demand/capacity ratio according to the ASME code criteria. Thus, buckling of the primary tank is judged to be unlikely for the current lack of corrosion in the tanks, and the expectation that the maximum waste temperature will not exceed 210 F. The reinforced concrete structure was evaluated as specified by the American Concrete Institute (ACI) code requirements for nuclear safety-related structures (ACI-349). The demand was demonstrated to be lower than the capacity at all locations. Revision 1 is being issued to document changes to the anchor bolt evaluation. RPP-RPT-32237 Rev. 1, Hanford Double-Shell Tank Thermal and Seismic Project-Increased Liquid Level Analysis for 241AP Tank Farms, described changes to the anchor bolt modeling and evaluation which were implemented in response to the independent reviewer's comments. Similar changes have been made in the bounding tank analysis and are documented in RPP-RPT-28968 Rev. 1. The conclusions of the previous releases of this report remain unchanged.