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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Correlating Detergent Fiber Analysis and Dietary Fiber Analysis Data for Corn Stover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There exist large amounts of detergent fiber analysis data [neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL)] for many different potential cellulosic ethanol feedstocks, since these techniques are widely used for the analysis of forages. Researchers working in the area of cellulosic ethanol are interested in the structural carbohydrates in a feedstock (principally glucan and xylan), which are typically determined by acid hydrolysis of the structural fraction after multiple extractions of the biomass. These so-called dietary fiber analysis methods are significantly more involved than detergent fiber analysis methods. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible to correlate detergent fiber analysis values to glucan and xylan content determined by dietary fiber analysis methods for corn stover. In the detergent fiber analysis literature cellulose is often estimated as the difference between ADF and ADL, while hemicellulose is often estimated as the difference between NDF and ADF. Examination of a corn stover dataset containing both detergent fiber analysis data and dietary fiber analysis data predicted using near infrared spectroscopy shows that correlations between structural glucan measured using dietary fiber techniques and cellulose estimated using detergent techniques, and between structural xylan measured using dietary fiber techniques and hemicellulose estimated using detergent techniques are high, but are driven largely by the underlying correlation between total extractives measured by fiber analysis and NDF/ADF. That is, detergent analysis data is correlated to dietary fiber analysis data for structural carbohydrates, but only indirectly; the main correlation is between detergent analysis data and solvent extraction data produced during the dietary fiber analysis procedure.

Wolfrum, E. J.; Lorenz, A. J.; deLeon, N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Silica and acid-detergent fiber content of five varieties of bermudagrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SILICA &ID ACID-DETERGENT FIBER CONTENT OF FIVE VARIETIES OF BERMUDAGRASS A Thesis by FREDERICK MICHAEL JUNGMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M Uniuersity in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1971 Major Subject: Agronomy SILICA AND ACID-DETERGENT FIBER CONTENT 01' FIVE VARIETIES OF BEI~DAGRASS A Thesis by FREDERICK MICHAEL OUNGMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chai rman of Coamd t tee) (llead of. Department...

Jungman, Frederick Michael

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Petroleum Chemicals: Bulk Detergents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... One of the largest users of detergents is the textile industry. For example, raw wool, either used alone or blended with synthetic fibres, must be ... , either used alone or blended with synthetic fibres, must be scoured to remove dirt and ...

H. B. MILNER

1964-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

4

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) and asbestos crocidolite fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential in vitro cellular response induced by exposure to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs the effects of synthetic vitreous fibers (SVFs) on a mesothelial (MeT5A) and a fibroblast cell line (NIH3T3 crocidolite asbestos fibers, SVFs did not induce a significant increase in DNA synthesis. © 2005 Elsevier Inc

Ahmad, Sajjad

5

BIODEGRADATION OF COMPOSITE NONWOVENS MADE OF NATURAL FIBERS AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 BIODEGRADATION OF COMPOSITE NONWOVENS MADE OF NATURAL FIBERS AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS Ioan I Research Center, New Orleans, LA ABSTRACT Composite nonwovens have been prepared from bagasse and cotton-co-terephthalate) and poly(hydroxy butyrate). Some nonwoven compositions have been treated with flame retardants containing

6

Cyclic testing of continuously wetted synthetic fiber ropes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laboratory study of the cyclic loading endurance properties of continuously wetted synthetic, or manmade, fibre ropes has been conducted on ropes of various materials and forms of construction. The materials investigated were polyamides, polyester and polypropylene. Forms of construction studied were braid-on-braid, eight strand (square) and parallel lay. Rope sizes researched were 100 kN (10 tonf) nominal breaking force and up to 1.0 MN (100 tonf) nominal breaking force. All specimens were single leg. The test results indicate the superior bollard abrasion resistance and interstrand friction wear resistance of polyester and polypropylene over the polyamides. Trends, where observed, are also reported upon for the cyclic endurance performance of the forms of construction investigated. The improvements (or otherwise) in endurance effected by sheathing, coating and thimble protection of the eyes are also discussed. The results and performance trends observed on this test programme will be of interest to designers and users of mooring or tethering systems which operate continuously wet.

Crawford, H.; McTernan, L.M.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Behavior of Concrete Panels Reinforced with Synthetic Fibers, Mild Steel, and GFRP Composites Subjected to Blasts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents experimental data generated for calibrating finite element models to predict the performance of reinforced concrete panels with a wide range of construction details under blast loading. The specimens were 1.2 m square panels constructed using Normal Weight Concrete (NWC) or Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC). FRC consisted of macro-synthetic fibers dispersed in NWC. Five types of panels were tested: NWC panels with steel bars; FRC panels without additional reinforcement; FRC panels with steel bars; NWC panels with glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars; and NWC panels reinforced with steel bars and external GFRP laminates on both faces. Each panel type was constructed with three thicknesses: 152 mm, 254 mm, and 356 mm. FRC panels with steel bars had the best performance for new construction. NWC panels reinforced with steel bars and external GFRP laminates on both faces had the best performance for strengthening or rehabilitation of existing structures. The performance of NWC panels with GFRP bars was strongly influenced by the bar spacing. The behavior of the panels is classified in terms of damage using immediate occupancy, life safety, and near collapse performance levels. Preliminary dynamic simulations are compared to the experimental results.

C. P. Pantelides; T. T. Garfield; W. D. Richins; T. K. Larson; J. E. Blakeley

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Impact of detergent systems on bacterial survival on laundered fabrics.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...14) indicated that soil removal and bacterial...factors of water hardness, soil load, wash water temperature...25) and eight control washings without detergent. In...hardness, temperature, and soil load. Both de- tergents...brightener, nonionic surfactant, antiredeposition agent...

J M Jaska; D L Fredell

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Synthetic Rubber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... acutely sensitive, justifiably, about synthetic rubber. His review of my book in NATURE of December 26, p. 751, is unfair in several respects. Undoubtedly, there are errors in ...

HARRY BARRON

1943-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

Genetically engineered phage fibers and coatings for antibacterial applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multifunctionality can be imparted to protein-based fibers and coatings via either synthetic or biological approaches. Here, we demonstrate potent antimicrobial functionality of genetically engineered, phage-based fibers ...

Mao, Joan Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid detergent fiber Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acid; GF, glycerol facilitator; HPLC, high- performance liquid Source: O'Neil, Joe - Department of Chemistry, University of Manitoba Collection: Biology and Medicine ;...

12

Handbook of Synthetic Photochemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Handbook of Synthetic Photochemistry ... Comprehensive overviews of synthetically relevant photochemical processes have appeared previously, most recently in Synthetic Organic Photochemistry, edited by Griesbeck and Mattay (2005), and in the CRC Handbook of Organic Photochemistry and Photobiology, edited by Horspool and Lenci (2004). ... Handbook of Synthetic Photochemistry . ...

Frederick G. West

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

13

Assessing the effect of a laundry detergent ingredient (LAS) on organisms of a rural South African river.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Powdered laundry detergents are consumed in high volumes worldwide. Post use, they are directed toward water resources via wastewater treatment works or, as is the… (more)

Gordon, Andrew Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Design and implementation of nanoscale fiber mechanical testing apparatus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rapid growth in the synthetic manufacturing industry demands higher resolution mechanical testing devices, capable of working with nanoscale fibers. A new device has been developed to perform single-axis tensile tests ...

Brayanov, Jordan, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Synthetic biology: Cultural divide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Currently based at the software-design firm Autodesk in San Francisco, California, Hessel represents an increasingly impatient and outspoken faction of synthetic ...

Bryn Nelson

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

16

Formalizing Synthetic Domain Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthetic Domain Theory (SDT) is a constructive variant of Domain Theory where all functions are continuous following Dana Scott‘s idea of “domains as sets”. Recently there have been suggested more abstract axiomatizations encompassing ... Keywords: LCF, domain theory, formal verification, programming logics, synthetic domain theory, type theory

Bernhard Reus

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Designing Synthetic Biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(14) The science of biology and the practice of engineering (knowing and making(15)) are especially connected in parts-based synthetic biology, where many engineers and scientists seek to “build life to understand it” through the assembly of standardized genetic modules. ... This iterative refinement of the refactored operon led to a detailed mapping of the genetic design space and an engineered pathway that produced wild-type levels of nitrogen fixation. ... (22) The positive feedback between science and engineering in synthetic biology has been compared to the history of other disciplines and industries, such as aviation(23) or synthetic chemistry. ...

Christina M. Agapakis

2013-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

18

Research Councils UK Synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, bioinformatics approaches and DNA synthesis, all of which are central to the current field of synthetic biologyResearch Councils UK Synthetic biology #12;Synthetic biology Research funded by the Research them commercially. Synthetic biology is one of `Eight Great Technologies' identified by the Chancellor

Berzins, M.

19

Formulation of soluble oils with synthetic and petroleum sulfonates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metalworking fluids for metal removal are formulated to provide cooling, lubrication, and rust protection when cutting and machining metals. There are basically four types of cutting fluids: straight oils, synthetics, semisynthetic fluids and soluble oils. The last type is the most widely used for metal removal operations such as cutting, drilling and grinding. Soluble oils used for metalworking operations are normally the oil-in-water type, with oil as the internal phase and water as the external phase. The soluble oils can have rather complex compositions, usually containing two or more emulsifiers and coupling agents, as well as additives to provide rust inhibition, lubricity, detergency, resistance to bacterial attack and foam control. The dominant emulsifier in a soluble oil is usually sodium sulfonate which also has the secondary benefit of being a rust inhibitor. Soluble oil emulsions based on petroleum or synthetic sulfonates have been found to improve lubrication and cleaning of metal parts and equipment. As has been done previously, a series of emulsification studies were conducted using petroleum and synthetic sulfonates. Emulsifier level, coemulsifiers and minor formulation adjustments were made to optimize each system. This study was made using naphthenic oil basestock. Formulations were evaluated using criteria including concentrate stability, hard and soft water emulsion stability, emulsibility, foaming tendency and response to defoamers, antirust properties and cost effectiveness of individual formulations. The results of these evaluations are presented in the present paper.

Eckard, A.; Riff, I.; Weaver, J. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Carbon Fiber  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Carbon Fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lee McGetrick leads ORNL's effort to produce light, durable carbon fiber at lower cost -- a key to improvements in manufacturing that will produce more fuel-efficient vehicles and other advances.

McGetrick, Lee

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fiber Bundles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fiber bundles, their morphisms and sections are defined. Transition functions are introduced and used to describe the global structure of a bundle and to build it out of local data. Particular clas...

Lorenzo Fatibene; Mauro Francaviglia

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biodegradable synthetic bone composites  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides for a biodegradable synthetic bone composition comprising a biodegradable hydrogel polymer scaffold comprising a plurality of hydrolytically unstable linkages, and an inorganic component; such as a biodegradable poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate)/hydroxyapatite (pHEMA/HA) hydrogel composite possessing mineral content approximately that of human bone.

Liu, Gao; Zhao, Dacheng; Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Life after the synthetic cell Natureaskedeightsynthetic-biologyexpertsabouttheimplicationsforscienceandsocietyofthe"synthetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

already had confidence in our ability to make synthetic DNA and get it to function in cells. The grandLife after the synthetic cell Natureaskedeightsynthetic-biologyexpertsabouttheimplicationsforscienceandsocietyofthe"synthetic"madebytheJ.CraigVenterInstitute(JCVI).Theinstitute'steamassembled,modifiedandimplanteda synthesizedgenomeintoaDNA-freebacterialshelltomakeaself-replicatingMycoplasmamycoides. The power and the pitfalls Mark

Goldberg, Bennett

25

Synthetic Rubber Production in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... called the Polymer Corporation, Ltd., with headquarters in Toronto, which will undertake the production in Canada of synthetic ... in Canada of synthetic rubber of the Buna type. According to the Ottawa correspondent of The Times, Mr. ...

1942-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

26

INTRODUCTION Synthetic biology: history, challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at a rapid pace over the last 35 years, the cloning and assembly of synthetic DNA sequences remains a largely to establish improved software and bio- logical tools for the design and assembly of synthetic DNA synthetic systems to be described at the level of logical interactions between DNA

Haseloff, Jim

27

Synthetic Biology and Metabolic Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As such, it deals with the engineering (design, construction, and optimization) of native as well as non-natural routes of product synthesis, aided in this task by the availability of synthetic DNA, the core enabling technology of synthetic biology. ... In this context, metabolic engineering is about engineering cell factories for the biological manufacturing of chemical and pharmaceutical products, whereas the main focus of synthetic biology is fundamental biological research facilitated by the use of synthetic DNA and genetic circuits. ... This was soon followed by the emergence of companies offering synthetic DNA as product. ...

Gregory Stephanopoulos

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Carbon Fiber Consortium | Partnerships | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Consortium SHARE Carbon Fiber Consortium Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium The Oak Ridge Carbon Fiber Composites Consortium was established in 2011 to...

29

A survey of detergents for the purification of stable, active human cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Structural knowledge of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) requires developing methods to purify and stabilize this aggregation-prone membrane protein above 1 mg/ml. Starting with green fluorescent protein- and epitope-tagged human CFTR produced in mammalian cells known to properly fold and process CFTR, we devised a rapid tandem affinity purification scheme to minimize CFTR exposure to detergent in order to preserve its \\{ATPase\\} function. We compared a panel of detergents, including widely used detergents (maltosides, neopentyl glycols (MNG), C12E8, lysolipids, Chaps) and innovative detergents (branched alkylmaltosides, facial amphiphiles) for CFTR purification, function, monodispersity and stability. \\{ATPase\\} activity after reconstitution into proteoliposomes was 2–3 times higher when CFTR was purified using facial amphiphiles. \\{ATPase\\} activity was also demonstrated in purified CFTR samples without detergent removal using a novel lipid supplementation assay. By electron microscopy, negatively stained CFTR samples were monodisperse at low concentration, and size exclusion chromatography showed a predominance of monomer even after CFTR concentration above 1 mg/ml. Rates of CFTR aggregation quantified in an electrophoretic mobility shift assay showed that detergents which best preserved reconstituted \\{ATPase\\} activity also supported the greatest stability, with CFTR monomer half-lives of 6–9 days in MNG or Chaps, and 12–17 days in facial amphiphile. Cryoelectron microscopy of concentrated CFTR in MNG or facial amphiphile confirmed mostly monomeric protein, producing low resolution reconstructions in conformity with similar proteins. These protocols can be used to generate samples of pure, functional, stable CFTR at concentrations amenable to biophysical characterization.

Ellen Hildebrandt; Qinghai Zhang; Natasha Cant; Haitao Ding; Qun Dai; Lingling Peng; Yu Fu; Lawrence J. DeLucas; Robert Ford; John C. Kappes; Ina L. Urbatsch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Polyethylene fiber drawing optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer fiber drawing creates fibers with enhanced thermal conductivity and strength compared to bulk polymer because drawing aligns the molecular chains. I optimize the polymer fiber drawing method in order to achieve ...

Chiloyan, Vazrik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Strong fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program was directed to a new and generic approach to the development of new materials with novel and interesting properties, and to the precision fabrication of these materials in one and two-dimensional forms. Advanced deposition processes and microfabrication technology were used to produce fibers and grids of metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and mixtures of controlled composition and structure, and with new and interesting mechanical and physical properties. Deposition processes included electron beam evaporation, co-deposition of mixtures by dual electron beam evaporation, thermal evaporation, sputtering of a single element or compound, sputtering of a single element in a gaseous atmosphere to produce compounds, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD), and selective tungsten chemical vapor deposition (W-CVD). The approach was to use the deposition processes in coordination with patterns generated by optical lithography to produce fibers with transverse dimensions in the micron range, and lengths from less than a millimeter to several centimeters. The approach is also applicable to the production of two-dimensional grids and particulates of controlled sizes and geometries.

Li, Che-Yu.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

DISTRIBUTED AND COLLABORATIVE SYNTHETIC ENVIRONMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the functions required for the geometric engine of a synthetic environment system. · A distribution on networked desktop machines. Geometric Engine A critical subsystem in all synthetic environment systems is the geometric engine, or the software module responsible for creating a realistic view of the simulated world

Texas at Austin, University of

33

Fiber optic connector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic connector and method for connecting composite materials within which optical fibers are imbedded. The fiber optic connector includes a capillary tube for receiving optical fibers at opposing ends. The method involves inserting a first optical fiber into the capillary tube and imbedding the unit in the end of a softened composite material. The capillary tube is injected with a coupling medium which subsequently solidifies. The composite material is machined to a desired configuration. An external optical fiber is then inserted into the capillary tube after fluidizing the coupling medium, whereby the optical fibers are coupled.

Rajic, Slobodan (Knoxville, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenior City, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Synthetic biology: Understanding biological design from synthetic circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important aim of synthetic biology is to uncover the design principles of natural biological systems through the rational design of gene and protein circuits. Here, we highlight how the process of engineering biological ...

Mukherji, Shankar

35

EXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBER AND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH OPACITY PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alkalinity, precipitates calcium carbonate (PCC) in situ within pulp fibers. Because paper made from fiber include increasing the recovery and utilization of recycled fiber and optimizing virgin fiber yieldEXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBER AND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH

Abubakr, Said

36

Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry » Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry » Synthetic and Mechanistic Synthetic and Mechanistic publications Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Get Expertise Dave Thorn Chemistry Program Manager Email Josh Smith Chemistry Communications Email "Research into alternative forms of energy, of which biofuels is a key component, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Energy security is vital to our future national security and the efficient functioning of our market economy." -LANL Director Charles McMillan Harshini Mukundan, Hongzhi Xie, Aaron S. Anderson, W. Kevin Grace, John E. Shively, and Basil I. Swanson, "Optimizing a waveguide-based sandwich immunoassay for tumor biomarkers: Evaluating fluorescent labels and functional surfaces," Bioconjugate Chemistry 20(2), 222-230 (2009).

37

Exoelectron Emission from Synthetic Corundums  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article Exoelectron Emission from Synthetic Corundums M. Yousif Charif R. Gout J. Barthe M. Petel Corundums (Alpha Al2O3) have been synthesised by the thermal dehydration of hydrargilite (Al2O3, H2O......

M. Yousif Charif; R. Gout; J. Barthe; M. Petel

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Monomers for Synthetic Rubber Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this chapter is to describe briefly industrial processes for the manufacture of the more common of the olefinic monomers which are used in the production of synthetic rubbers. Some indication of th...

D. C. Blackley B.Sc.; Ph.D.; F.P.R.I.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Synthetic biology and crop engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-A: Synthetic Biology and the Promise of Biofuels Jonathan Burbaum, Program Director, Department of Energy, Office of Science, ARPA–E

40

In Vitro Synthetic Transcriptional Networks Jongmin Kim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we engineered artificial tran- scriptional networks consisting of synthetic DNA switches, regulated

Winfree, Erik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Multimaterial fiber electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the number of materials that are thermally-drawable into fibers is rapidly expending, numerous new multimaterial fiber architectures can be envisioned and fabricated. High-melting temperature metals, compound materials, ...

Lestoquoy, Guillaume

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fiber draw synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The synthesis of a high-melting temperature semiconductor in a low-temperature fiber drawing process is demonstrated, substantially expanding the set of materials that can be incorporated into fibers. Reagents in the solid ...

Orf, Nicholas D.

43

Dark Fiber Testbed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Dark Fiber Testbed Info on dark fiber testbed...

44

Fiber optic coupled optical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A displacement sensor includes a first optical fiber for radiating light to a target, and a second optical fiber for receiving light from the target. The end of the first fiber is adjacent and not axially aligned with the second fiber end. A lens focuses light from the first fiber onto the target and light from the target onto the second fiber.

Fleming, Kevin J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Fiber coating method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating is applied to reinforcing fibers arranged into a tow by coaxially aligning the tow with an adjacent separation layer and winding or wrapping the tow and separation layer onto a support structure in an interleaved manner so that the separation layer separates a wrap of the tow from an adjacent wrap of the tow. A coating can then be uniformly applied to the reinforcing fibers without defects caused by fiber tow to fiber tow contact. The separation layer can be a carbon fiber veil.

Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Fiber optic laser rod  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser rod is formed from a plurality of optical fibers, each forming an individual laser. Synchronization of the individual fiber lasers is obtained by evanescent wave coupling between adjacent optical fiber cores. The fiber cores are dye-doped and spaced at a distance appropriate for evanescent wave coupling at the wavelength of the selected dye. An interstitial material having an index of refraction lower than that of the fiber core provides the optical isolation for effective lasing action while maintaining the cores at the appropriate coupling distance. 2 figs.

Erickson, G.F.

1988-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity.

Dooley, Joseph B. (Harriman, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Tobin, Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fiber optic moisture sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for sensing moisture changes by utilizing optical fiber technology. One embodiment uses a reflective target at the end of an optical fiber. The reflectance of the target varies with its moisture content and can be detected by a remote unit at the opposite end of the fiber. A second embodiment utilizes changes in light loss along the fiber length. This can be attributed to changes in reflectance of cladding material as a function of its moisture content. It can also be affected by holes or inserts interposed in the cladding material and/or fiber. Changing light levels can also be coupled from one fiber to another in an assembly of fibers as a function of varying moisture content in their overlapping lengths of cladding material.

Kirkham, R.R.

1984-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

50

Fiber optic vibration sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic vibration sensor utilizes two single mode optical fibers supported by a housing with one optical fiber fixedly secured to the housing and providing a reference signal and the other optical fiber having a free span length subject to vibrational displacement thereof with respect to the housing and the first optical fiber for providing a signal indicative of a measurement of any perturbation of the sensor. Damping or tailoring of the sensor to be responsive to selected levels of perturbation is provided by altering the diameter of optical fibers or by immersing at least a portion of the free span length of the vibration sensing optical fiber into a liquid of a selected viscosity. 2 figures.

Dooley, J.B.; Muhs, J.D.; Tobin, K.W.

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

51

Physical Characteristics of Synthetic Rubbers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A summary of the nature and special applications of the more important types of synthetic rubbers is given. Two series of rubber and synthetic rubber stocks compounded on the basis of comparable pigmentation were selected for study. In addition to the conventional physical properties (tensile strength and elongation at rupture modulus aging etc.) a number of other mechanical properties such as dynamic rigidity hysteresis loss ``blowout resistance '' ``running temperature '' and tensile strength at elevated temperature were measured. Swelling tests in various solvents were also made. Results are plotted in the form of correlation charts in an effort to select proper methods of measurement. Some observations on comparative service tests in tires in the case of three synthetic rubbers indicate them to be satisfactory on a quality basis for use in time of emergency. The importance of care in selecting the proper physical tests and methods of analysis is emphasized in the light of the results given. It is concluded that rubbertesting techniques and interpretation must be modified in certain instances in evaluating synthetic rubber stocks.

J. N. Street; J. H. Dillon

1941-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Guest Editors' Introduction: Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(microbial production of diesel fuels from fatty acids in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and yeast+ undergraduate participants from around the world. Synthetic Biology had a global market which gene- rated $233, and genetic engineering. The buzz phrasing has not arrived yet. ``Bio Design Automation (BDA)'' or ``Genetic

Densmore, Douglas

53

Future Prospects of Synthetic Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is important for the future of this nation to reach the goal of demonstrated definition and quantification of the parameters which influence the ability to use this country's vast resources of coal and oil shale for production of synthetic fuels...

Fryback, M. G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Scalable Genetic System Design Using Synthetic RNA Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

longest length of synthetic DNA increases exponentially (DNA sequencing, DNA synthesis, and synthetic biology……. …3of DNA sequencing, DNA synthesis, and synthetic biology. (A)

Qi, Lei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Synthetic biology: history, challenges and prospects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...over the last 35 years, the cloning and assembly of synthetic DNA sequences remains a largely bespoke affair. The field...and biological tools for the design and assembly of synthetic DNA-based programmes. Matsuoka et al. (2009) describe...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Fibers Optics and Photonics Dr. Palffy-Muhoray Ines Busuladzic Department of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics The University of Akron April 21, 2008 #12;Outline · History of optical fibers · What are optical fibers? · How are optical fibers made? · Light propagation through optical fibers · Application

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

57

Pioneer's name written in synthetic DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Craig Venter has “signed” his name into the sequence of the synthetic bacterial genome his lab created

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Synthetic LDL as targeted drug delivery vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a synthetic LDL nanoparticle comprising a lipid moiety and a synthetic chimeric peptide so as to be capable of binding the LDL receptor. The synthetic LDL nanoparticle of the present invention is capable of incorporating and targeting therapeutics to cells expressing the LDL receptor for diseases associated with the expression of the LDL receptor such as central nervous system diseases. The invention further provides methods of using such synthetic LDL nanoparticles.

Forte, Trudy M. (Berkeley, CA); Nikanjam, Mina (Richmond, CA)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiber-reinforced ceramic composites demonstrate the high-temperature stability of ceramics--with an increased fracture toughness resulting from the fiber reinforcement of the composite. The material optimization performed under the continuous fiber ceramic composites (CFCC) included a series of systematic optimizations. The overall goals were to define the processing window, to increase the robustinous of the process, to increase process yield while reducing costs, and to define the complexity of parts that could be fabricated.

None

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- 4M AMO - 1.5M VTP - Remainder covered by carry- over and ARRA project contingency * Cost of carbon fiber * Technology scaling * Market development * Workforce development * Oak...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Abnormal spectral evolution of fiber Bragg gratings in hydrogenated fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of abnormal spectral evolution in regenerated fiber Bragg gratings in hydrogenated B–Ge-codoped and standard telecom fiber with UV overexposure. The...

Liu, Y; Williams, J A R; Zhang, L; Bennion, I

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

performing fiber. (600-750 KSI) Barriers: Addresses the need for higher performance low cost fiber for hydrogen storage tanks and energy management structures of automobiles....

63

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Multimode optical fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A depressed graded-index multimode optical fiber includes a central core, an inner depressed cladding, a depressed trench, an outer depressed cladding, and an outer cladding. The central core has an alpha-index profile. The depressed claddings limit the impact of leaky modes on optical-fiber performance characteristics (e.g., bandwidth, core size, and/or numerical aperture).

Bigot-Astruc, Marianne; Molin, Denis; Sillard, Pierre

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optic fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends.

Kuzmenko, Paul J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Donald T. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Fiber optic hydrophone  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A miniature fiber optic hydrophone based on the principles of a Fabry-Perot interferometer is disclosed. The hydrophone, in one embodiment, includes a body having a shaped flexible bladder at one end which defines a volume containing air or suitable gas, and including a membrane disposed adjacent a vent. An optical fiber extends into the body with one end terminating in spaced relation to the membrane. Acoustic waves in the water that impinge on the bladder cause the pressure of the volume therein to vary causing the membrane to deflect and modulate the reflectivity of the Fabry-Perot cavity formed by the membrane surface and the cleaved end of the optical fiber disposed adjacent to the membrane. When the light is transmitted down the optical fiber, the reflected signal is amplitude modulated by the incident acoustic wave. Another embodiment utilizes a fluid filled volume within which the fiber optic extends. 2 figures.

Kuzmenko, P.J.; Davis, D.T.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

67

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National fiber reinforced composites have enjoyed limited acceptance in the automotive industry due to high costs to bond with composite matrix material. It is important that a carbon fiber manufacturing cost model

68

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, Bruce R. (1985 Willis, Batesburg, SC 29006); Prather, William S. (2419 Dickey Rd., Augusta, GA 30906)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading, by a single spectrophotometer.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Fiber optic hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are described for detecting a chemical substance by exposing an optic fiber having a core and a cladding to the chemical substance so that the chemical substance can be adsorbed onto the surface of the cladding. The optic fiber is coiled inside a container having a pair of valves for controlling the entrance and exit of the substance. Light from a light source is received by one end of the optic fiber, preferably external to the container, and carried by the core of the fiber. Adsorbed substance changes the transmissivity of the fiber as measured by a spectrophotometer at the other end, also preferably external to the container. Hydrogen is detected by the absorption of infrared light carried by an optic fiber with a silica cladding. Since the adsorption is reversible, a sensor according to the present invention can be used repeatedly. Multiple positions in a process system can be monitored using a single container that can be connected to each location to be monitored so that a sample can be obtained for measurement, or, alternatively, containers can be placed near each position and the optic fibers carrying the partially-absorbed light can be multiplexed for rapid sequential reading by a single spectrophotometer. 4 figs.

Buchanan, B.R.; Prather, W.S.

1992-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

71

Definition: Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) utilizes SAR images from two different time periods to generate maps of surface deformation. The technique can potentially measure millimeter-scale changes in the Earth's surface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As InSAR, IfSAR Related Terms Synthetic Aperture Radar, radar, sustainability References ↑ Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry to Measure Earth's Surface Topography and Its Deformation (Burgmann et al. 2000) ↑ Improved Visulaization of Satellite Radar InSAR Observed Structural Controls at Producing Geothermal Field Using Modeled Horizontal Surface Displacements(Opplinger et al. 2006)

72

A Synthetic DNA Walker for Molecular Transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Synthetic DNA Walker for Molecular Transport ... The authors report the incrementally staged design, synthesis, characterization, and operation of a mol. ...

Jong-Shik Shin; Niles A. Pierce

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

73

Synthetic gene oscillators and their applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 25 overlapping DNA fragments to form a complete syntheticof synthetic organisms, and ”bottom- up” DNA construction ofsynthetic biologists’ attempts to design life by constructing DNA

Danino, Tal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Performance evaluation of synthetically lined landfills  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Landfill design and performance standards for new facilities frequently require the use of geomembrane composite and double liners. Performance data from synthetically lined landfill sites have not been widely available. This report presents data obtained by monitoring three recently constructed synthetically lined landfill sites. Quantities of leachate removed by the primary and secondary collection systems from these landfills were tabulated. The data show that properly designed and constructed synthetic landfill liners provide effective containment of leachate. The environmental protection provided by synthetic liners is equivalent or superior to that of typical clay-lined facilities.

Maule, J. [Champion International Corp., Norway, MI (United States); Lowe, R.K. [STS Consultants Ltd., Green Bay, WI (United States); McCulloch, J.L. [Cross Pointe Paper Co., Park Falls, WI (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Fiber alignment apparatus and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber alignment apparatus includes a micro-machined nickel spring that captures and locks arrays of single mode fibers into position. The design consists of a movable nickel leaf shaped spring and a fixed pocket where fibers are held. The fiber is slid between the spring and a fixed block, which tensions the spring. When the fiber reaches the pocket, it automatically falls into the pocket and is held by the pressure of the leaf spring.

Kravitz, Stanley H. (Placitas, NM); Warren, Mial Evans (Albuquerque, NM); Snipes, Jr., Morris Burton (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino Guadalupe (Albuquerque, NM); Word, V., James Cole (Albuqueruqe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Optoelectronic fiber interface design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments in materials science have led to the development of an exciting, new class of fibers which integrate metals, semiconductors and insulators in the same codrawing process. Various electrical devices have ...

Spencer, Matthew Edmund

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Multimaterial rectifying device fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electronic and optoelectronic device processing is commonly thought to be incompatible with much simpler thermal drawing techniques used in optical fiber production. The incorporation of metals, polymer insulators, and ...

Orf, Nicholas D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Multimaterial multifunctional fiber devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fibers and semiconductor devices differ significantly in their properties and their processing approaches. The latter require an assembly of metal, insulator and semiconductor materials into complex geometries with ...

Sorin, Fabien

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Dark Soliton Fiber Laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the experimental observation of stable dark solitons in an all normal dispersion fiber laser. We found experimentally that dark soliton formation is a generic feature of the fiber laser under strong continuous wave (CW) emission. However, only under appropriate pump strength and negative cavity feedback, stable single or multiple dark soliton could be achieved. Furthermore, we show that the features of the observed dark solitons could be well understood based on the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE).

H. Zhang; D. Y. Tang; L. M. Zhao; X. Wu; Q. L. Bao; K. P. Loh

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

80

Preparation of synthetic hydrocarbon lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for preparing synthetic lubricating materials which process comprises: (a) reacting (i) at least a portion of a reaction product of the liquid phase oligomerization of propylene, butylene or mixtures thereof containing a C/sub 6/ olefin component, (ii) a linear olefin reactant having an average carbon number ranging from about 10 to about 18 in the presence of a catalyst, (b) separating from the reaction mixture of (a) hydrocarbons which distill at a temperature above about 660/sup 0/ F. (316/sup 0/ C.), and (c) hydrogenating the reaction product of (b) by contact with hydrogen with or without a catalyst at a temperature ranging from about 25/sup 0/ C. to about 300/sup 0/ C.

Johnson, T.H.

1986-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop: Summary...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for carbon fiber, including bio-based materials or natural gas; lower energy conversion of white fiber to carbon fiber; and composite manufacturing. Dr. Johnson then...

82

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty Ctystallume, 3506 Bassett Street, Santa Clara, California 1995) The fracture behavior of synthetic diamond has been investigated using indentation methods and by the tensile testing of pre-notched fracture-mechanics type samples. Specifically, the fracture toughness

Ritchie, Robert

83

Single Molecule and Synthetic Biology Studies of Transcription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GenScript returned the synthetic DNA cloned into the EcoRIis pre-formed using synthetic DNA and RNA oligonucleotides.synthetic oligonucleotides, including those used as PCR primers, were synthesized by Integrated DNA

Zamft, Bradley Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Synthetic Promoters Functional in Francisella novicida and Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...facultative intracellular pathogen. Synthetic DNA fragments consisting of the tetracycline...controllable promoters from a library of synthetic DNA molecules. We show that the strongest...flanking BamHI restriction sites) synthetic DNA fragments with a nearly central...

Ralph L. McWhinnie; Francis E. Nano

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

85

Building a metal-responsive promoter with synthetic regulatory elements.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...function of MREs, we inserted a synthetic DNA fragment containing the sequence...function of MREs, we inserted a synthetic DNA fragment containing the sequence...function of MREs, we inserted a synthetic DNA fragment containing the sequence...

P F Searle; G W Stuart; R D Palmiter

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Abstract The rapidly emerging field of synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract The rapidly emerging field of synthetic biology originated, as synthetic biology has expanded into mammalian systems, it is increasingly more. Biomaterials will play an important role in advancing synthetic biology

Reisslein, Martin

87

Optical and optoelectronic fiber devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to integrate materials with disparate electrical, thermal, and optical properties into a single fiber structure enabled the realization of fiber devices with diverse and complex functionalities. Amongst those, ...

Shapira, Ofer, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Silicon fiber optic sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Fabry-Perot cavity is formed by a partially or wholly reflective surface on the free end of an integrated elongate channel or an integrated bounding wall of a chip of a wafer and a partially reflective surface on the end of the optical fiber. Such a constructed device can be utilized to detect one or more physical parameters, such as, for example, strain, through the optical fiber using an optical detection system to provide measuring accuracies of less than aboutb0.1%.

Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

89

Automated fiber pigtailing machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The Automated Fiber Pigtailing Machine (AFPM) aligns and attaches optical fibers to optoelectronic (OE) devices such as laser diodes, photodiodes, and waveguide devices without operator intervention. The so-called pigtailing process is completed with sub-micron accuracies in less than 3 minutes. The AFPM operates unattended for one hour, is modular in design and is compatible with a mass production manufacturing environment. This machine can be used to build components which are used in military aircraft navigation systems, computer systems, communications systems and in the construction of diagnostics and experimental systems. 26 figs.

Strand, O.T.; Lowry, M.E.

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

90

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*** How PAN based Carbon Fibers are Manufactured *** How Carbon Fiber Material Properties are Achieved *** Carbon Fiber Markets/Applications CarbonFiber AerospaceEngineeringGuestLecture: Friday as a Business Development Manager for Amoco's carbon fiber business unit (manufacturers of T-300 carbon fiber

Hu, Hui

91

Single Molecule and Synthetic Biology Studies of Transcription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GenScript returned the synthetic DNA cloned into the EcoRIis pre-formed using synthetic DNA and RNA oligonucleotides.

Zamft, Bradley Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with SyntheticManganese...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic Manganese-Substituted Goethite. Abstract: Plutonium(VI) sorption on the surface of well-characterized synthetic manganese-substituted goethite...

93

Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from Syngas: A Novel Process Combining CO Methanation, Water-Gas Shift, Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG)...

94

Large core fiber optic cleaver  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a device and method for cleaving optical fibers which yields cleaved optical fiber ends possessing high damage threshold surfaces. The device can be used to cleave optical fibers with core diameters greater than 400 {micro}m. 30 figs.

Halpin, J.M.

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

95

Aerogel-clad optical fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical fiber is surrounded by an aerogel cladding. For a low density aerogel, the index of refraction of the aerogel is close to that of air, which provides a high numerical aperture to the optical fiber. Due to the high numerical aperture, the aerogel clad optical fiber has improved light collection efficiency.

Sprehn, Gregory A. (Livermore, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Pleasanton, CA); Poco, John F. (Livermore, CA); Sandler, Pamela H. (San Marino, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Surfactant/detergent titration analysis method and apparatus for machine working fluids, surfactant-containing wastewater and the like  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is an improved method and related apparatus for quantitatively analyzing machine working fluids and other aqueous compositions such as wastewater which contain various mixtures of cationic, neutral, and/or anionic surfactants, soluble soaps, and the like. The method utilizes a single-phase, non-aqueous, reactive titration composition containing water insoluble bismuth nitrate dissolved in glycerol for the titration reactant. The chemical reaction of the bismuth ion and glycerol with the surfactant in the test solutions results in formation of micelles, changes in micelle size, and the formation of insoluble bismuth soaps. These soaps are quantified by physical and chemical changes in the aqueous test solution. Both classical potentiometric analysis and turbidity measurements have been used as sensing techniques to determine the quantity of surfactant present in test solutions. This method is amenable to the analysis of various types of new, in-use, dirty or decomposed surfactants and detergents. It is a quick and efficient method utilizing a single-phase reaction without needing a separate extraction from the aqueous solution. It is adaptable to automated control with simple and reliable sensing methods. The method is applicable to a variety of compositions with concentrations from about 1% to about 10% weight. It is also applicable to the analysis of waste water containing surfactants with appropriate pre-treatments for concentration.

Smith, Douglas D. (Knoxville, TN); Hiller, John M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Surfactant/detergent titration analysis method and apparatus for machine working fluids, surfactant-containing wastewater and the like  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is an improved method and related apparatus for quantitatively analyzing machine working fluids and other aqueous compositions such as wastewater which contain various mixtures of cationic, neutral, and/or anionic surfactants, soluble soaps, and the like. The method utilizes a single-phase, non-aqueous, reactive titration composition containing water insoluble bismuth nitrate dissolved in glycerol for the titration reactant. The chemical reaction of the bismuth ion and glycerol with the surfactant in the test solutions results in formation of micelles, changes in micelle size, and the formation of insoluble bismuth soaps. These soaps are quantified by physical and chemical changes in the aqueous test solution. Both classical potentiometric analysis and turbidity measurements have been used as sensing techniques to determine the quantity of surfactant present in test solutions. This method is amenable to the analysis of various types of new, in-use, dirty or decomposed surfactants and detergents. It is a quick and efficient method utilizing a single-phase reaction without needing a separate extraction from the aqueous solution. It is adaptable to automated control with simple and reliable sensing methods. The method is applicable to a variety of compositions with concentrations from about 1% to about 10% weight. It is also applicable to the analysis of waste water containing surfactants with appropriate pre-treatments for concentration. 1 fig.

Smith, D.D.; Hiller, J.M.

1998-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

98

Definition: Synthetic Aperture Radar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aperture Radar Aperture Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Synthetic Aperture Radar Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is an active microwave remote sensing technology that measures the phase difference between a radar wave emitted from an antennae attached to a satellite or aircraft to generate high-resolution images of a surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As SAR Related Terms radar References ↑ Synthetic Aperature Radar: Systems and Signal Processing (Curlander and McDonough - 1991 - book) fue LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. l cell, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Synthetic_Aperture_Radar&oldid=493069" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes

99

The assessment of DNA-synthetic activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is described by which a numerical value can be assigned to the amount of DNA-synthesis shown graphically by population-histograms obtained ... index appeared to give a reasonable measure of DNA-synthetic

L. A. Coulton; B. Henderson; J. Chayen

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Recognition of DNA by Synthetic Antibodies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recognition of DNA by Synthetic Antibodies ... The recombinant anti-ssDNA Fab, DNA-1, and 16 heavy chain complementarity determining region 3 (HCDR3) mutant variants were selected for thermodynamic characterization of ssDNA binding. ...

Shana M. Barbas; Peter Ghazal; Carlos F. Barbas III; Dennis R. Burton

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

DNA interaction with synthetic polymers in solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The complexes in which a DNA molecule is compact and protected from the ... lipids, inactivated viral particles, polymeric micelles and synthetic polycations are used [12–23...]. The latter have important advanta...

Nina Kasyanenko; Daria Afanasieva; Boris Dribinsky; Dmitry Mukhin…

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Synthetic Biology Moving into the Clinic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...secrete key molecules for potential disease treatment, including insulinotropic...murine interleukin-2 in response to xylan . J. Appl. Microbiol. 98 , 1191...of synthetic biology therapies for the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer, as...

Warren C. Ruder; Ting Lu; James J. Collins

2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

103

Iterative synthetic aperture radar imaging algorithms   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic aperture radar is an important tool in a wide range of civilian and military imaging applications. This is primarily due to its ability to image in all weather conditions, during both the day and the night, ...

Kelly, Shaun Innes

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

104

Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation of Gas Station Safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the comprehensive analysis of hazard factors and evaluation indexes in gas stations, gas station safety is assessed in a fuzzy synthetic ... comprehensive evaluation, the specific safety level of gas stations

Xiaohua Hao; Xiao Feng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Macroporous nanowire nanoelectronic scaffolds for synthetic tissues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development of three-dimensional (3D) synthetic biomaterials as structural and bioactive scaffolds is central to fields ranging from cellular biophysics to regenerative medicine. As of yet, these scaffolds cannot ...

Tian, Bozhi

106

Foundational platform for mammalian synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emergent field of synthetic biology is different from many other biological engineering efforts, in that its roots, design principles, and forward engineering perspective have been adopted from electrical engineering ...

Davidsohn, Noah (Noah Justin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Drying of fiber webs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and an apparatus are disclosed for high-intensity drying of fiber webs or sheets, such as newsprint, printing and writing papers, packaging paper, and paperboard or linerboard, as they are formed on a paper machine. The invention uses direct contact between the wet fiber web or sheet and various molten heat transfer fluids, such as liquefied eutectic metal alloys, to impart heat at high rates over prolonged durations, in order to achieve ambient boiling of moisture contained within the web. The molten fluid contact process causes steam vapor to emanate from the web surface, without dilution by ambient air; and it is differentiated from the evaporative drying techniques of the prior industrial art, which depend on the uses of steam-heated cylinders to supply heat to the paper web surface, and ambient air to carry away moisture, which is evaporated from the web surface. Contact between the wet fiber web and the molten fluid can be accomplished either by submersing the web within a molten bath or by coating the surface of the web with the molten media. Because of the high interfacial surface tension between the molten media and the cellulose fiber comprising the paper web, the molten media does not appreciatively stick to the paper after it is dried. Steam generated from the paper web is collected and condensed without dilution by ambient air to allow heat recovery at significantly higher temperature levels than attainable in evaporative dryers. 6 figs.

Warren, D.W.

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Introgression & mapping Fiber cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Germplasm Introgression Genomics & mapping Fiber cell initiation Radiation hybrid (RH) mapping and breeding. Research activities commonly include plant breeding, genetics, genomics, cytogenetics, molecular methods. (C, S) · Contribute uniquely to genomics and its relevance to genetic improvement (C,S) · Harness

109

Meta-DNA: synthetic biology via DNA nanostructures and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meta-DNA: synthetic biology via DNA nanostructures and hybridization reactions Harish Chandran1 strands and may be modified to allow for mutations. Keywords: DNA self-assembly; synthetic biology; DNA nanostructures 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Synthetic biology using DNA nanosystems A major goal of synthetic biology

Reif, John H.

110

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi 1 Introduction Datasets may be generated will define symmetric synthetic dataset and two types of non-symmetric synthetic datasets that has some introduce symmetric synthetic dataset, its structure and the properties of the associated views. In Section

Young, R. Michael

111

Fiber optic fluid detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Particular gases or liquids are detected with a fiber optic element having a cladding or coating of a material which absorbs the fluid or fluids and which exhibits a change of an optical property, such as index of refraction, light transmissiveness or fluoresence emission, for example, in response to absorption of the fluid. The fluid is sensed by directing light into the fiber optic element and detecting changes in the light, such as exit angle changes for example, that result from the changed optical property of the coating material. The fluid detector may be used for such purposes as sensing toxic or explosive gases in the atmosphere, measuring ground water contamination or monitoring fluid flows in industrial processes, among other uses. 10 figs.

Angel, S.M.

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

112

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers, 42.79.Dj, 42.81.-i 1. Introduction Cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers belong presently fiber laser with the cladding-pumped YDF a significant increase of the average output power can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic geophysical sensor in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects.

Homuth, Emil F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Low loss elliptical core D-fiber to PANDA fiber fusion splicing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elliptical core D-fiber is difficult to fusion splice to other types of fiber due to its small core and D-shaped cladding. The presented method of splicing D-fiber to PANDA fiber...

Kvavle, Joshua M; Schultz, Stephen M; Selfridge, Richard H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Fiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Active fibers · Laser performances · Cladding pump technology · Fiber laser research at the College fiber laser: > 1GW peak power! Tünnermann's group #12;What can fiber laser do? #12;Cladding pumpFiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu (02/28/2014) #12;Outlines · Introduction · History

Kieu, Khanh

116

Synthetic zeolites and other microporous oxide molecular sieves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Laundry Detergents. In the 1960s, growing public awareness of eutrophication of natural...nuclear fuel reprocessing site; and the Hanford, Savannah River, Oak Ridge, and other...R. & Taqvi, S. M., AIChE Annual Meeting, Session on Environmental Catalysis...

John D. Sherman

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Coated metal fiber coalescing cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cell is described for coalescing oil droplets dispersed in a water emulsion including an elongated perforated tube core into which the emulsion is injected, layers of oleophilic plastic covered metal mat wound about the core through which the emulsion is forced to pass, the fibers of the metal mat being covered by oleophilic plastic such as vinyl, acrylic, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, the metal being in the form of layers of expanded metal or metal fibers, either aluminum or stainless steel. In manufacturing the cell a helix wound wire is formed around the cylindrical plastic coated metal to retain it in place and resist pressure drop of fluid flowing through the metal fibers. In addition, the preferred arrangement includes the use of an outer sleeve formed of a mat of fibrous material such as polyester fibers, acrylic fibers, modacrylic fibers and mixtures thereof.

Rutz, W.D.; Swain, R.J.

1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

EXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBERAND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH OPACITY PAPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, precipitates calcium carbonate (PCC) in situ within pulp fibers. Because paper made from fiber-loaded pulp increasing the recovery and utilization of recycled fiber and optimizing virgin fiber yield by relying moreEXTENDING FIBER RESOURCES: FIBER LOADING RECYCLED FIBERAND MECHANICAL PULPS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH

Abubakr, Said

119

Synthetic heparin-binding factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain, and preferably two peptide chains branched from a dipeptide branch moiety composed of two trifunctional amino acid residues, which peptide chain or chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a linker, which may be a hydrophobic linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Glass, John D. (Shoreham, NY)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

120

LongviewCowlitzFiberCX  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to add about three miles of aerial fiber optic cable to its Longview-Cowlitz...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Fiber reinforced hybrid phenolic foam.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hybrid composites in recent times have been developed by using more than one type of fiber reinforcement to bestow synergistic properties of chosen filler and… (more)

Desai, Amit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Economic Development | Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy SHARE Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy ORNL has a 40-year history in R&D on fiber-reinforced composite materials, and has been...

123

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular A Dissertation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Fiber Composite Cellular Structures ____________________________________ A Dissertation and honeycombs. However, for weight sensitive, ambient temperature applications, carbon fiber composites have emerged as a promising material due to its high specific strength and low density. Carbon fiber reinforced

Wadley, Haydn

124

Precursor and Fiber Evaluation | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2009 -- Washington D.C. lm05warren.pdf More Documents & Publications Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors...

125

Fiber optic geophysical sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic geophysical sensor is described in which laser light is passed through a sensor interferometer in contact with a geophysical event, and a reference interferometer not in contact with the geophysical event but in the same general environment as the sensor interferometer. In one embodiment, a single tunable laser provides the laser light. In another embodiment, separate tunable lasers are used for the sensor and reference interferometers. The invention can find such uses as monitoring for earthquakes, and the weighing of objects. 2 figures.

Homuth, E.F.

1991-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

Fiber for the future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an interview with J.P. van Buijtenen, principal geneticist of the Texas Forest Service and professor at the Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, College Station, Texas. The maintenance of adequate supplies of wood and fiber for the pulp and paper industry is discussed. Tree improvement and more intensive forestry are highlighted as critical in attaining increased yields. Other topics discussed include: the establishment of second generation southern pine seed orchards, the economics of hardwood production in the South, and the future of short rotation energy plantations.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Nanoscale Molecular Transport by Synthetic DNA Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscale Molecular Transport by Synthetic DNA Machines Jong-Shik Shin1 and Niles A. Pierce1,2 1 a processive bipedal DNA walker. Powered by externally controlled DNA fuel strands, the walker locomotes with a 5 nm stride by advancing the trailing foot to the lead at each step. On a periodic DNA track

Pierce, Niles A.

128

Synthetic fuels, carbon dioxide and climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has been attributed to the use of fossil fuels. There is concern that the generation and use of synthetic fuels derived from oil shale and coal will accelerate the increase of CO2.

Alex R. Sapre; John R. Hummel; Ruth A. Reck

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

1 Synthetic Texturing 1.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Synthetic Texturing 1.1 Introduction This dissertation describes improved methods for computer of this, the top of Figure 1.1 shows a horse model with a white surface and the bottom shows this same-hocformulasforlightreflection Figure 1.1: Stripe texture created using reaction-diffusion. Top is an untextured horse and the bottom

Turk, Greg

130

Multimaterial Fibers in Photonics and Nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I will describe recent progress in leveraging multimaterial fiber fabrication technology is ushering in a new generation of unforeseen applications for fibers in photonics,...

Abouraddy, Ayman F

131

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter Pleated Ceramic Fiber Diesel Particulate Filter 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

132

Cotton mutants with divergent fiber quality characteristics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the U.S. cotton industry there is a need for improved fiber quality to compete in International Markets. This market demands cotton fibers that are… (more)

Vining, Kimberly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BTRIC CNMS CSMB CFTF Working with CFTF HFIR MDF NTRC OLCF SNS Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Home | User Facilities | CFTF CFTF | Carbon Fiber Technology Facility SHARE Oak...

134

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

135

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

136

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Carbon Fiber Technology Facility 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

137

Fiber optic refractive index monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensor for measuring the change in refractive index of a liquid uses the lowest critical angle of a normal fiber optic to achieve sensitivity when the index of the liquid is significantly less than the index of the fiber core. Another embodiment uses a liquid filled core to ensure that its index is approximately the same as the liquid being measured.

Weiss, Jonathan David (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

STANDARD LAN -1 Fiber Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STANDARD LAN - 1 Fiber Channel Gruppo Reti TLC nome.cognome@polito.it http://www.telematica.polito.it/ #12;STANDARD LAN - 2 Fibre Channel · Born to interconnect mainframes and servers to storage systems: fibERs, but not only... · Interoperability with SCSI, Internet Protocol (IP), ... · Standard ANSI X3

Mellia, Marco

139

Strong fibers. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program was directed to a new and generic approach to the development of new materials with novel and interesting properties, and to the precision fabrication of these materials in one and two-dimensional forms. Advanced deposition processes and microfabrication technology were used to produce fibers and grids of metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and mixtures of controlled composition and structure, and with new and interesting mechanical and physical properties. Deposition processes included electron beam evaporation, co-deposition of mixtures by dual electron beam evaporation, thermal evaporation, sputtering of a single element or compound, sputtering of a single element in a gaseous atmosphere to produce compounds, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD), and selective tungsten chemical vapor deposition (W-CVD). The approach was to use the deposition processes in coordination with patterns generated by optical lithography to produce fibers with transverse dimensions in the micron range, and lengths from less than a millimeter to several centimeters. The approach is also applicable to the production of two-dimensional grids and particulates of controlled sizes and geometries.

Li, Che-Yu

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation...

Kim, Kihwan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Regulation of Gene Expression by Synthetic DNA-Binding Ligands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulation of Gene Expression by Synthetic DNA-Binding Ligands Peter B. Dervan ( ) · Adam T. Poulin

Dervan, Peter B.

142

Systems Biology 204: Biomolecular Engineering and Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shih Biomolecular primitives Mon. Sep. 12 Willian Shih DNA origami Wed. Sep. 14 David Zhang SyntheticSystems Biology 204: Biomolecular Engineering and Synthetic Biology SyllabusSynopsis Fall 2011-based synthetic molecular and cellular machinery and systems. Students are mentored to produce substantial term

Bulyk, Martha L.

143

Synthetic logs generator for fraud detection in mobile transfer services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic logs generator for fraud detection in mobile transfer services C. Gaber12 , B. Hemery2.gaber,mohammed.achemlal}@orange.com Abstract. This article presents a simulator which generates synthetic data for fraud detection. It models fraudsters and legitimate users. Keywords: synthetic data, simulation, fraud detection Mobile payments become

Boyer, Edmond

144

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Synthetic Cable Termination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Synthetic Cable Termination Overview NAVAIR is attempting to replace their existing metallic purchase cable with a new, synthetic cable. The synthetic cable is currently not able to be tensile tested because there is no way for the ends

Demirel, Melik C.

145

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: RADIANCE Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: radsite.lbl.gov/radiance/ Cost: Free References: Radiance[1] Logo: RADIANCE RADIANCE is a highly accurate ray-tracing software system for UNIX computers that is licensed at no cost in source form. Radiance was developed with primary support from the U.S. Department Of Energy and additional support from the Swiss Federal Government. Radiance is a suite of programs for the analysis and visualization of lighting in design. Input files specify the scene geometry, materials, luminaires,time, date

146

Solitons in synthetic and biological polymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid state and statistical physics applications of soliton mathematics continue to expand rapidly. The present report describes connections between solid state (e.g. synthetic polymer) and biophysics, with strong nonlinearity playing the unifying role. Striking parallels examined include: analytical (as in the case of self-trapping mechanisms); numerical techniques; experimental implications, applications, and techniques. Conventional solid state probes are at last being devoted to biopolymers but their complexity is demanding new extremes and techniques.

Bishop, A.R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Synthetic and Biosynthetic Studies of Natural Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Scholarly Communications program at the University of Kansas Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu B Y E. IfEJ.32 S Synthetic and Biosynthetic Studies of Natural Products Part I. Studies Directed Toward the Total Synthesis... of 4-Demethoxy -A-Homodaunorubicin Analogs Part II. Biosynthesis of Coloradocin. Origin of the Carbons Part III. Total Synthesis of the Naturally Occurring Prenylated Bibenzyl Amorfrutin A Eduardo Alberto Veliz Chanis B.S., University of Panama...

Ve?liz Chanis, Eduardo Alberto

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

“Invisible” Synthetic Opiates and Acute Psychosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...revisiting. Another striking fact is that nalbuphine may interfere with enzymatic methods for the detection of specific opiates, and it is virtually invisible to routine toxicologic tests,, as in the case we report. When there is suspicion of nalbuphine intoxication, routine screening for opiates should... To the Editor: Many acute psychotic episodes encountered in emergency situations are related to addictive substances. Nalbuphine is a synthetic opiate agonist–antagonist, chemically related to both the opioid antagonist naloxone and the analgesic ...

2001-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

149

HIPed carbon fiber reinforced silicon nitride composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon fiber/Si3N4 composites were fabricated using slip infiltration of fiber bundles subsequently stacked in a plaster mold, dried, glass encapsulated, and HIPed to form unidirectional composite test bars. Neither chemical reactions between fiber and matrix nor thermal mismatch cracks in the matrix were observed. The bend fracture behavior of the composites was nonbrittle with extensive fiber pullout. 14 references.

Lundberg, R.; Pompe, R.; Carlsson, R.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A synthetic biology approach to bio-chem-ICT: first moves towards chemical communication between synthetic and natural cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article we present novel aspects of the impact that synthetic biology (SB) can express in a field traditionally based on computer science: information and communication technologies (ICTs), an area that we will consider taking into account also ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Autonomy, Autopoiesis, Bio-chem-ICTs, Molecular communication, Quorum sensing, Synthetic biology, Synthetic cells

Giordano Rampioni; Fabio Mavelli; Luisa Damiano; Francesca D'angelo; Marco Messina; Livia Leoni; Pasquale Stano

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Understanding Beef Cattle Efficiency: I) Understanding Physiological and Digestive Factors Affecting Residual Feed Intake and II) Tannin Supplementation: Effects on Animal Performance, Fermentation, and Carcass Traits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:P Acetate : propionate ratio Ac Acetate ADF Acid detergent fiber ADFD Acid detergent fiber digestibility ADG Average daily gain ADIA Acid detergent insoluble ash AIA Acid insoluble ash APA Ammonia producing activity BES...

Krueger, Wimberley K.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

152

Ethanol extraction of phytosterols from corn fiber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a process for extracting sterols from a high solids, thermochemically hydrolyzed corn fiber using ethanol as the extractant. The process includes obtaining a corn fiber slurry having a moisture content from about 20 weight percent to about 50 weight percent solids (high solids content), thermochemically processing the corn fiber slurry having high solids content of 20 to 50% to produce a hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry, dewatering the hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, washing the residual corn fiber, dewatering the washed, hydrolyzed corn fiber slurry to achieve a residual corn fiber having a moisture content from about 30 to 80 weight percent solids, and extracting the residual corn fiber with ethanol and separating at least one sterol.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IL); Binder, Thomas P. (Decatur, IL); Rammelsberg, Anne M. (Decatur, IL)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

153

PRODUCTION OF FOAMS, FIBERS AND PITCHES USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed processes for converting coal feedstocks to carbon products, including coal-derived pitch, coke foams and fibers based on solvent extraction processes. A key technology is the use of hydrogenation accomplished at elevated temperatures and pressures to obtain a synthetic coal pitch. Hydrogenation, or partial direct liquefaction of coal, is used to modify the properties of raw coal such that a molten synthetic pitch can be obtained. The amount of hydrogen required to produce a synthetic pitch is about an order of magnitude less than the amount required to produce synthetic crude oil. Hence the conditions for synthetic pitch production consume very little hydrogen and can be accomplished at substantially lower pressure. In the molten state, hot filtration or centrifugation can be used to separate dissolved coal chemicals from mineral matter and insolubles (inertinite), resulting in the production of a purified hydrocarbon pitch. Alternatively, if hydrogenation is not used, aromatic hydrocarbon liquids appropriate for use as precursors to carbon products can obtained by dissolving coal in a solvent. As in the case for partial direct liquefaction pitches, undissolved coal is removed via hot filtration or centrifugation. Excess solvent is boiled off and recovered. The resultant solid material, referred to as Solvent Extracted Carbon Ore or SECO, has been used successfully to produce artificial graphite and carbon foam.

Chong Chen; Elliot B. Kennel; Liviu Magean; Pete G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fiber pigtailing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fiber pigtailing is based... Epoxyless Fiber-to-Submount Bonding for Active Fiber Optoelectronic and Fiber Backplane Applications Don C... Abstract--A fiber-coupled optical...

155

High repetition rate fiber lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis reports work in high repetition rate femtosecond fiber lasers. Driven by the applications including optical arbitrary waveform generation, high speed optical sampling, frequency metrology, and timing and frequency ...

Chen, Jian, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strength; Fiber Format & Manufacturing Methods 1-10 M lbsyr 100M - 1B lbsyr Oil & Gas Deep Water Production Enabler Pipes, Drill Shafts, Off-Shore Structures Low Mass, High...

157

Scintillator fiber optic long counter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flat response position sensitive neutron detector capable of providing neutron spectroscopic data utilizing scintillator fiber optic filaments embedded in a neutron moderating housing having an open end through which neutrons enter to be detected.

McCollum, Tom (Sterling, VA); Spector, Garry B. (Fairfax, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors P.I. Name: Dave Warren Presenter: Dr. Amit K. Naskar Oak Ridge National Laboratory 05162012 Project ID LM004 This presentation does not...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustics synthetic aperture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic aperture focusing... Introduction Synthetic aperture focusing techniques (SAFT) ... Source: Uppsala Universitet, Department of Material Science, Signals and Systems...

160

Light diffusing fiber optic chamber  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light diffusion system for transmitting light to a target area. The light is transmitted in a direction from a proximal end to a distal end by an optical fiber. A diffusing chamber is operatively connected to the optical fiber for transmitting the light from the proximal end to the distal end and transmitting said light to said target area. A plug is operatively connected to the diffusing chamber for increasing the light that is transmitted to the target area.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Optical fiber inspection system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A remote optical inspection system including an inspection head. The inspection head has a passageway through which pellets or other objects are passed. A window is provided along the passageway through which light is beamed against the objects being inspected. A plurality of lens assemblies are arranged about the window so that reflected light can be gathered and transferred to a plurality of coherent optical fiber light guides. The light guides transfer the light images to a television or other image transducer which converts the optical images into a representative electronic signal. The electronic signal can then be displayed on a signal viewer such as a television monitor for inspection by a person. A staging means can be used to support the objects for viewing through the window. Routing means can be used to direct inspected objects into appropriate exit passages for accepted or rejected objects. The inspected objects are advantageously fed in a singular manner to the staging means and routing means. The inspection system is advantageously used in an enclosure when toxic or hazardous materials are being inspected. 10 figs.

Moore, F.W.

1985-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

162

Fiber optic temperature sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our fiber optic temperature measurement sensor and system is a major improvement over methods currently in use in most industrial processes, and it delivers all of the attributes required simplicity, accuracy, and cost efficiency-to help improve all of these processes. Because temperature is a basic physical attribute of nearly every industrial and commercial process, our system can eventually result in significant improvements in nearly every industrial and commercial process. Many finished goods, and the materials that go into them, are critically dependent on the temperature. The better the temperature measurement, the better quality the goods will be and the more economically they can be produced. The production and transmission of energy requires the monitoring of temperature in motors, circuit breakers, power generating plants, and transmission line equipment. The more reliable and robust the methods for measuring these temperature, the more available, stable, and affordable the supply of energy will become. The world is increasingly realizing the threats to health and safety of toxic or otherwise undesirable by products of the industrial economy in the environment. Cleanup of such contamination often depends on techniques that require the constant monitoring of temperature in extremely hazardous environments, which can damage most conventional temperature sensors and which are dangerous for operating personnel. Our system makes such monitoring safer and more economical.

Rabold, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda Renewable Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Workshop Agenda carbonfiberworkshopagenda.pdf More...

164

Carbon nanotube fiber spun from wetted ribbon  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber of carbon nanotubes was prepared by a wet-spinning method involving drawing carbon nanotubes away from a substantially aligned, supported array of carbon nanotubes to form a ribbon, wetting the ribbon with a liquid, and spinning a fiber from the wetted ribbon. The liquid can be a polymer solution and after forming the fiber, the polymer can be cured. The resulting fiber has a higher tensile strength and higher conductivity compared to dry-spun fibers and to wet-spun fibers prepared by other methods.

Zhu, Yuntian T; Arendt, Paul; Zhang, Xiefei; Li, Qingwen; Fu, Lei; Zheng, Lianxi

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

165

Chemistry in Motion: Tiny Synthetic Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Account, we describe how synthetic motors that operate by self-diffusiophoresis make use of a self-generated concentration gradient to drive motor motion. A description of propulsion by self-diffusiophoresis is presented for Janus particle motors comprising catalytic and noncatalytic faces. The properties of the dynamics of chemically powered motors are illustrated by presenting the results of particle-based simulations of sphere-dimer motors constructed from linked catalytic and noncatalytic spheres. The geometries of both Janus and sphere-dimer motors with asymmetric catalytic activity support the formation of concentration gradients around the motors. Because directed motion can occur only when the system is not in equilibrium, the nature of the environment and the role it plays in motor dynamics are described. Rotational Brownian motion also acts to limit directed motion, and it has especially strong effects for very small motors. We address the following question: how small can motors be and still exhibit effects due to propulsion, even if only to enhance diffusion? Synthetic motors have the potential to transform the manner in which chemical dynamical processes are carried out for a wide range of applications.

Peter H. Colberg; Shang Yik Reigh; Bryan Robertson; Raymond Kapral

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

166

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Author Parviz Tarikhi Published N/A, 2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) Citation Parviz Tarikhi. Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) [Internet]. 2010. Tunis, Tunisia. N/A. [cited 2013/09/17]. Available from: http://parviztarikhi.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/3psinsar-i-parviz_tarikhi.pdf Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Synthetic_Aperture_Radar_Persistent_Scatterer_Interferometry_(PSInSAR)&oldid=682949"

167

Graphitized-carbon fiber/carbon char fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for recovery of intact graphitic fibers from fiber/polymer composites is described. The method comprises first pyrolyzing the graphite fiber/polymer composite mixture and then separating the graphite fibers by molten salt electrochemical oxidation.

Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

168

Use of hollow core fibers, fiber lasers, and photonic crystal fibers for spark delivery and laser ignition in gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fiber-optic delivery of sparks in gases is challenging as the output beam must be refocused to high

Joshi, Sachin; Yalin, Azer P; Galvanauskas, Almantas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Spectral Study of DNA Adsorption on Natural and Synthetic Silicates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption and interaction capacity of DNA with three types of natural silicates (chrysotile, crocidolite, clinoptilolite) and one synthetic Y zeolite were studied. The influence of ... pretreatment of silicates ...

R. Stanescu-Dumitru; C. Mandravel…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores mimic key features of natural pores By Tona Kunz * July 17, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint Scientists have overcome...

171

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open, Water Lubricated...

172

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intramolecular hydrogen bonding as a synthetic tool to induce chemical selectivity in acid catalyzed porphyrin synthesis Authors: Megiatto, J. D., Patterson, D., Sherman, B. D.,...

173

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Synthetic Solutions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

about synthetic solutions for correcting voltage fade in LMR-NMC cathodes. es190johnson2014o.pdf More Documents & Publications Cathode Synthesis and Voltage Fade: Designed...

174

Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective method for the continuous production of alpha silicon carbide fiber. The exceptionally strong, lightweight fiber could enable significant performance improvements in many everyday products.

Griffith, George; Garnier, John

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fusion splicing of polarization preserving fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel technique is developed to detect any principal axis misalignment of polarization preserving fiber. The technique is based on measurement of reflect–returned power for the fiber...

Kato, Yasuyuki

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Sealed fiber-optic bundle feedthrough  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sealed fiber-optic bundle feedthrough by which a multitude of fiber-optic elements may be passed through an opening or port in a wall or structure separating two environments at different pressures or temperatures while maintaining the desired pressure or temperature in each environment. The feedthrough comprises a rigid sleeve of suitable material, a bundle of individual optical fibers, and a resin-based sealing material that bonds the individual optical fibers to each other and to the rigid sleeve.

Tanner, Carol E. (Niles, MI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

High pressure fiber optic sensor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present application provides a fiber optic sensor system. The fiber optic sensor system may include a small diameter bellows, a large diameter bellows, and a fiber optic pressure sensor attached to the small diameter bellows. Contraction of the large diameter bellows under an applied pressure may cause the small diameter bellows to expand such that the fiber optic pressure sensor may measure the applied pressure.

Guida, Renato; Xia, Hua; Lee, Boon K; Dekate, Sachin N

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fiber-optic displacement sensor system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Light pulses from a light emitting diode (LED) were coupled into a multimode fiber. The displacement of a mirror positioned near the end of the fiber was measured by monitoring the amplitude of the reflected pulses. A reference reflection from a.... Light pulses from a light emitting diode (LED) were coupled into a multimode fiber. The displacement of a mirror positioned near the end of the fiber was measured by monitoring the amplitude of the reflected pulses. A reference reflection from a...

Cava, Norayda Nora

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

Tying new knots in synthetic biology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have seen the emergence of synthetic biology, which encompasses the engineering of living organisms as well as the implementation of biological behavior in non-living substrates. Many of these engineered systems have harnessed the diverse toolkit of proteins, genes, and cellular processes that nature offers. While these efforts have been fruitful, they have also illustrated the difficulty associated with programming highly complex functions by tapping into cellular processes. Another set of efforts has focused on building circuits, performing computation, and constructing nanoscale machines using nucleic acids. Zhang et al., 2007, Science 318, 1121 1125 and Yin et al., 2008, Nature 451, 318 322 recently demonstrated flexible approaches for the modular construction of such biochemical devices exclusively using DNA. These approaches have exciting implications both for engineering living cells and for mimicking life-like behavior at the nanoscale.

Simpson, Michael L [ORNL; Karig, David K [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Synthetic DNA minor groove-binding drugs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this review, both cationic and neutral synthetic ligands that bind in the minor groove of DNA are discussed. Certain bis-distamycins and related lexitropsins show activities against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and HIV-2 at low nanomolar concentrations. DAPI binds strongly to AT-containing polymers and is located in the minor groove of DNA. DAPI intercalates in DNA sequences that do not contain at least three consecutive AT bp. Berenil can also exhibit intercalative, as well as minor groove binding, properties depending on sequence. Furan-containing analogues of berenil play an important role in their activities against Pneumocystis carinii and Cryptosporidium parvuam infections in vivo. Pt(II)-berenil conjugates show a good activity profile against HL60 and U-937 human leukemic cells. Pt-pentamidine shows higher antiproliferative activity against small cell lung, non-small cell lung, and melanoma cancer cell lines compared with many other tumor cell lines. trans-Butenamidine shows good anti-P. carinii activity in rats. Pentamidine is used against P. carinii pneumonia in individuals infected with HIV who are at high risk from this infection. A comparison of the cytotoxic potencies of adozelesin, bizelesin, carzelesin, cisplatin, and doxorubicin indicates that adozelesin is a potent analog of CC-1065. Naturally occurring pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines such as anthramycin have a 2- to 3-bp sequence specificity, but a synthetic PBD dimer spans 6 bp, actively recognizing a central 5?-GATC sequence. The crosslinking efficiency of PBD dimers is much greater than that of other major groove crosslinkers, such as cisplatin, melphalan, etc. Neothramycin is used clinically for the treatment of superficial carcinoma of the bladder.

B.S.Praveen Reddy; S.Murari Sondhi; J.William Lown

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Officials launch Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, announce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reduce carbon fiber's high cost, Danielson noted: "Many of these new clean energy technologies are withinSCIENCE Officials launch Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, announce new manufacturing initiative and a large crowd of local business and civic leaders came to the Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (CFTF

Pennycook, Steve

182

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report George G. Karady, Project Leader-Supporting) fiber optic cables installed on high voltage lines. The high electric field on those lines generates

183

Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contact Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (865) 574-6549 mcgetricklb@ornl.gov INNOVATIONS IN MANUFACTURING www.ornl.gov/manufacturing Demonstrating Innovative Low-Cost Carbon Fiber of Energy's (DOE) new Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (CFTF)--a 42,000 ft2 innovative technology facility

184

469nm Fiber Laser Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 466mW of 469nm light from a frequency doubled continuous wave fiber laser. The system consisted of a 938nm single frequency laser diode master oscillator, which was amplified in two stages to 5 Watts using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers and then frequency doubled in a single pass through periodically poled KTP. The 3cm long PPKTP crystal was made by Raicol Crystals Ltd. with a period of 5.9 {micro}m and had a phase match temperature of 47 degrees Centigrade. The beam was focused to a 1/e{sup 2} diameter in the crystal of 29 {micro}m. Overall conversion efficiency was 11% and the results agreed well with standard models. Our 938nm fiber amplifier design minimizes amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing an optimized core to cladding size ratio. This design allows the 3-level transition to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the 1088nm 4-level transition. We have also carefully chosen the fiber coil diameter to help suppress propagation of wavelengths longer than 938 nm. At 2 Watts, the 938nm laser had an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >10:1).

Drobshoff, A; Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Payne, S A; Beach, R

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

185

RESEARCH ARTICLE Ensuring the security of synthetic biology--towards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Ensuring the security of synthetic biology--towards a 5P governance strategy the label ``synthetic biology'' has been attached to a number of diverse research and commercial activities, ranging from the search for a min- imal cell to the quick delivery of customized genes by DNA synthesis

Sussex, University of

186

Automated Selection of Synthetic Biology Parts for Genetic Regulatory Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Selection of Synthetic Biology Parts for Genetic Regulatory Networks Fusun Yaman: Raising the level of abstraction for synthetic biology design requires solving several challenging problems, including mapping abstract designs to DNA sequences. In this paper we present the first formalism

Densmore, Douglas

187

Synthetic Biology Domitilla Del Vecchio* and Richard M. Murray**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Synthetic Biology Domitilla Del Vecchio* and Richard M. Murray** *Department of Mechanical@cds.caltech.edu Abstract--The past decade has seen tremendous advances in DNA recombination and measurement techniques functions is now pos- sible, leading to the birth of a new field called synthetic biology. Sophisticated

Del Vecchio, Domitilla

188

Supporting Information for: Synthetic Control of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and then using DNA ligase to insert synthetic oligonucleotides containing the loop sequence were inserted usingS1 Supporting Information for: Synthetic Control of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) Kevin P. Kent the genes in pET-15b with restriction enzymes that cut the DNA close to the desired loop insertion site

Boxer, Steven G.

189

1 - Gasification and synthetic liquid fuel production: an overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter discusses general considerations on gasification processes and synthetic liquid fuel production. It provides an overview of state-of-the-art gasification technologies, feedstocks and applications in power generation, and synthetic fuels production, together with some recent future trends in the field.

R. Luque; J.G. Speight

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Synthetic logs generator for fraud detection in mobile transfer services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic logs generator for fraud detection in mobile transfer services Chrystel Gaber, Baptiste to commit crimes and avoid detection, research in the field of fraud is always evolving. However, trans synthetic logs with real ones. I. INTRODUCTION Frauds in the field of electronic payment evolve contin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

191

SynFlo: an interactive installation introducing synthetic biology concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SynFlo is an interactive installation that utilizes tangible interaction to help illustrate core concepts of synthetic biology through outreach programs. This playful installation allows users to create useful virtual life forms from standardized genetic ... Keywords: E. chromi, microsoft surface, sifteo cubes, synthetic biology, tangible user interfaces

Kimberly Chang; Wendy Xu; Nicole Francisco; Consuelo Valdes; Robert Kincaid; Orit Shaer

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Operation Allelopathy: An Experiment Investigating an Alternative to Synthetic Agrochemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Operation Allelopathy: An Experiment Investigating an Alternative to Synthetic Agrochemicals ... The experiment involves an evaluation by students of the potential of plant extracts as an alternative to synthetic agrochemicals to identify new ecological farming techniques that could be applied in agriculture. ... Instead, natural products constitute an attractive source of agrochemicals with great potential. ...

Nuria Chinchilla; Alexandra G. Durán; Ceferino Carrera; Jesús Ayuso; Francisco A. Macías

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

193

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Authors Bill Foxall and D. W. Vasco Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Citation Bill Foxall,D. W. Vasco. 2008. Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie

194

Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery -- Sandia National Laboratories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery This gallery features movies of Sandia National Laboratories' synthetic aperture radar imagery of Albuquerque, New Mexico and Washington, DC. Sandia's Twin-Otter SAR produced these high-resolution stripmap images in real time. (Note: The movies below have been downsampled greatly to make them suitable for viewing on the world wide web. These movies are not recommended for modems of speeds less than 56 kbps due to their large file sizes.) Albuquerque, NM Area Movies Sandia National Laboratories' Twin-Otter SAR produced these Ku-Band 0.3 and 1.0 meter resolution images of Albuquerque, NM in real time. Synthetic aperture radar movie of west Gibson Blvd 0.3 meter airborne synthetic aperture radar movie from I-25 to Maxwell along Gibson Blvd. (Length: 30 seconds)

195

Anisotropic fiber alignment in composite structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High strength material composite structures are formed with oriented fibers to provide controlled anisotropic fibers. Fibers suspended in non-dilute concentrations (e.g., up to 20 volume percent for fibers having an aspect ratio of 20) in a selected medium are oriented by moving an axially spaced array of elements in the direction of desired fiber alignment. The array elements are generally perpendicular to the desired orientation. The suspension medium may also include sphere-like particles where the resulting material is a ceramic.

Graham, A.L.; Mondy, L.A.; Guell, D.C.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

198

Fabrication of miniature fiber-optic temperature sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of coupling a silica fiber and a sapphire fiber includes providing a silica fiber having a doped core and a cladding layer, with the doped core having a prescribed diameter, providing a sapphire fiber having a diameter less than the doped core, placing an end of the sapphire fiber in close proximity to an end of the silica fiber, applying a heat source to the end of silica fiber and introducing the end of sapphire fiber into the heated doped core of the silica fiber to produce a coupling between the silica and sapphire fibers.

Zhu, Yizheng (Durham, NC); Wang, Anbo (Blacksburg, VA)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

199

Investigation of brucite-fiber-reinforced concrete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were made on the brucite-fiber-reinforced concrete composites. Effects of brucite fiber grades and the dosage on flexural strength, compressive strength, impact strength, sulfate corrosion resistance and the slump, cohesiveness, as well as the water retentiveness were also investigated. Different water reducers were tested. The particle-size characteristics of brucite fibers, the densities of the concrete, and the viscosities of the fiber/water-reducer suspensions were also measured. Results show that proper addition of brucite fibers in concrete can improve the mechanical properties, especially the flexural strength. In the test, the optimum quantity was about 0.5 wt.% of concrete. With the dosage increase of brucite fibers in concrete, the fluidity and the density of the concrete decrease. The performance of the concrete strengths is the collective interactions of the fiber reinforcement and the density reduction. The aspect ratio and the surface area of brucite fibers are the important affecting factors to the workability and the mechanical properties of the fiber concrete. Larger aspect ratios and smaller surface areas benefit the reinforcement. Water reducers with lower fiber suspension viscosities are favorable in improving the workability and strengths of the brucite fiber concrete.

Liu Kaiping; Cheng Hewei; Zhou Jing'en

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Synthetic Resilin Is Largely Unstructured  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proresilin is the precursor protein for resilin, an extremely elastic, hydrated, cross-linked insoluble protein found in insects. We investigated the secondary-structure distribution in solution of a synthetic proresilin (AN16), based on 16 units of the consensus proresilin repeat from Anopheles gambiae. Raman spectroscopy was used to verify that the secondary-structure distributions in cross-linked AN16 resilin and in AN16 proresilin are similar, and hence that solution techniques (such as NMR and circular dichroism) may be used to gain information about the structure of the cross-linked solid. The synthetic proresilin AN16 is an intrinsically unstructured protein, displaying under native conditions many of the characteristics normally observed in denatured proteins. There are no apparent {alpha}-helical or {beta}-sheet features in the NMR spectra, and the majority of backbone protons and carbons exhibit chemical shifts characteristic of random-coil configurations. Relatively few peaks are observed in the nuclear Overhauser effect spectra, indicating that overall the protein is dynamic and unstructured. The radius of gyration of AN16 corresponds to the value expected for a denatured protein of similar chain length. This high degree of disorder is also consistent with observed circular dichroism and Raman spectra. The temperature dependences of the NH proton chemical shifts were also measured. Most values were indicative of protons exposed to water, although smaller dependences were observed for glycine and alanine within the Tyr-Gly-Ala-Pro sequence conserved in all resilins found to date, which is the site of dityrosine cross-link formation. This result implies that these residues are involved in hydrogen bonds, possibly to enable efficient self-association and subsequent cross-linking. The {beta}-spiral model for elastic proteins, where the protein is itself shaped like a spring, is not supported by the results for AN16. Both the random-network elastomer model and the sliding {beta}-turn model are consistent with the data. The results indicate a flat energy landscape for AN16, with very little energy required to switch between conformations. This ease of switching is likely to lead to the extremely low energy loss on deformation of resilin.

Nairn, Kate M.; Lyons, Russell E.; Mulder, Roger J.; Mudie, Stephen T.; Cookson, David J.; Lesieur, Emmanuelle; Kim, Misook; Lau, Deborah; Scholes, Fiona H.; Elvin, Christopher M. (CSIRO/MSE); (CSIRO/MHT); (CSIRO/LI); (Aust. Synch.)

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

202

Superposition and Synthetic Genetic Devices: Framework and Model System to Investigate Linearity in Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the host cell as DNA, a synthetic device must first beAdie T, Baldwin GS: DNA assembly for synthetic biology: fromdevices (synthetic and native) in the form of DNA act as

Hajimorad, Meghdad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Meta-DNA: A DNA-Based Approach to Synthetic Biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The goal of synthetic biology is to design and assemble synthetic systems that mimic biological systems. One of the most fundamental challenges in synthetic biology is to synthesize artificial biochemical syst...

Harish Chandran; Nikhil Gopalkrishnan…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A syntactic model to design and verify synthetic genetic constructs derived from standard biological parts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......parsers capable of verifying the structural validity of a synthetic DNA sequence. Several prominent synthetic biologists have...2006), a software application to quickly design synthetic DNA molecules from a library of basic parts, has been inspired......

Yizhi Cai; Brian Hartnett; Claes Gustafsson; Jean Peccoud

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Quantitative study of Helicobacter pylori in gastric mucus by competitive PCR using synthetic DNA fragments.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mucus by competitive PCR using synthetic DNA fragments T Furuta E Kaneko M...method using various amounts of synthetic DNA fragments containing the same...mucus by competitive PCR using synthetic DNA fragments. | Helicobacter pylori...

T Furuta; E Kaneko; M Suzuki; H Arai; H Futami

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens strains isolated from outbreaks of food poisoning.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Article Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic...potential to produce enterotoxin. Synthetic DNA probes for detection of enterotoxigenic...American Society for Microbiology Synthetic DNA Probes for Detection of Enterotoxigenic...

M Van Damme-Jongsten; J Rodhouse; R J Gilbert; S Notermans

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

DNA adsorption on synthetic and natural allophanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The adsorption of DNA on natural and synthetic samples of allophane, which is a primary clay mineral of andosols, was investigated with respect to the DNA concentration, pH, ionic strength in the sample solution, and competition between DNA molecules and phosphate ions for adsorption to understand the behavior of extracellular DNA molecules in andosols. The relationships between DNA adsorption and the final concentrations were significantly fitted to a simple linear Langmuir equation. DNA adsorption decreased considerably with increasing suspension pH in the range between 3 and 9. The adsorption was less affected by the ionic strength of the suspension from 0.1 to 0.5 mol L? 1. Under the same experimental conditions, DNA adsorption on allophanes was relatively higher than that on montmorillonite and silica but relatively lower than that on gibbsite and goethite. DNA adsorption on allophanes decreased on the addition of phosphate, indicating that there was a competition between DNA molecules and phosphate ions for adsorption on the minerals. These results suggested that DNA adsorption on allophanes occurred via two mechanisms: direct bonding of the phosphate group at the end of the DNA molecule to the OH groups of the Al-oxide layer on allophane, and the association of DNA molecules with the surface of negatively charged allophane via a bridging of inorganic cations.

Kazutoshi Saeki; Masao Sakai; Shin-Ichiro Wada

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Naphthenic acid corrosion in synthetic fuels production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Serious corrosion damage to carbon steel piping in a fractionation unit associated with synthetic fuels production has been ascribed to the presence of naphthenic acids. Investigation of the problem revealed total acids numbers (TAN) ranging from 8--12mg KOH/g in the feed to the unit. Damage typically occurred in the temperature range 180--240 C and manifested as localized pitting, preferential weld corrosion, general wall thinning and end-grain attack. Filming amine corrosion inhibitors designed for refinery overhead systems have been proven ineffective and high temperature phosphate-based inhibitors could not be used due to potential catalyst poisoning in downstream refinery units. Coupon exposures indicated corrosion rates in the order of 2 mm/y on carbon steel in a reboiler line as well as pitting to austenitic stainless steel type UNS S30403. Line replacement in austenitic stainless steel UNS S31603 has been proven effective. The performance of this alloy is mainly ascribed to its molybdenum content. The absence of sulfur in the feed to the unit is also contributing to the alloy performance despite the extremely high total acid numbers.

Bruyn, H.I. de [Mossgas Ltd., Mossel Bay (South Africa)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

Motion Measurement for Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measures radar soundings from a set of locations typically along the flight path of a radar platform vehicle. Optimal focusing requires precise knowledge of the sounding source locations in 3 - D space with respect to the target scene. Even data driven focusing techniques (i.e. autofocus) requires some degree of initial fidelity in the measurements of the motion of the radar. These requirements may be quite stringent especially for fine resolution, long ranges, and low velocities. The principal instrument for measuring motion is typically an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), but these instruments have inherent limi ted precision and accuracy. The question is %22How good does an IMU need to be for a SAR across its performance space?%22 This report analytically relates IMU specifications to parametric requirements for SAR. - 4 - Acknowledgements Th e preparation of this report is the result of a n unfunded research and development activity . Although this report is an independent effort, it draws heavily from limited - release documentation generated under a CRADA with General Atomics - Aeronautical System, Inc. (GA - ASI), and under the Joint DoD/DOE Munitions Program Memorandum of Understanding. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of En ergy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL85000.

Doerry, Armin W.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Synthetic aperture radar processing with tiered subapertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is used to form images that are maps of radar reflectivity of some scene of interest, from range soundings taken over some spatial aperture. Additionally, the range soundings are typically synthesized from a sampled frequency aperture. Efficient processing of the collected data necessitates using efficient digital signal processing techniques such as vector multiplies and fast implementations of the Discrete Fourier Transform. Inherent in image formation algorithms that use these is a trade-off between the size of the scene that can be acceptably imaged, and the resolution with which the image can be made. These limits arise from migration errors and spatially variant phase errors, and different algorithms mitigate these to varying degrees. Two fairly successful algorithms for airborne SARs are Polar Format processing, and Overlapped Subaperture (OSA) processing. This report introduces and summarizes the analysis of generalized Tiered Subaperture (TSA) techniques that are a superset of both Polar Format processing and OSA processing. It is shown how tiers of subapertures in both azimuth and range can effectively mitigate both migration errors and spatially variant phase errors to allow virtually arbitrary scene sizes, even in a dynamic motion environment.

Doerry, A.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Synthetic Aperture Radar Dept.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated fiber placement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bonding for Active Summary: Epoxyless Fiber-to-Submount Bonding for Active Fiber Optoelectronic and Fiber Backplane Applications Don C... Abstract--A fiber-coupled optical...

212

Heuristic for Maximizing DNA Reuse in Synthetic DNA Library Assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heuristic for Maximizing DNA Reuse in Synthetic DNA Library Assembly ... In concert with entirely de novo synthesis, a swathe of alternative DNA assembly methods are being introduced(4-6) that concatenate parts from hundreds of base pairs in length, through gene fusions, to synthetic biological devices built from catalogued parts, up to megabase fragments and entire chromosomes. ... De novo synthesis relies on synthetic oligos that are inherently error prone, and therefore, reusing existing error-free DNA in constructing new DNA provides an inherent advantage. ...

Jonathan Blakes; Ofir Raz; Uriel Feige; Jaume Bacardit; Pawe? Widera; Tuval Ben-Yehezkel; Ehud Shapiro; Natalio Krasnogor

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

Applying Synthetic Lethality for the Selective Targeting of Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...not yet been matched by progress in its clinical application. Nevertheless, synthetic lethality is a promising rationale that is ready for clinical testing. Time will tell how synthetic lethality will be integrated into therapeutic approaches. Synthetic lethality refers to the requirement that two defects be present for cell death to occur. When an agent damages DNA, its effects on the cell can be amplified if the efforts of the cell to repair the damage are inhibited. Clinical application of this idea is just beginning.

McLornan D.P.List A.Mufti G.J.

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Carbon fibers from SRC pitch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to an improved method of manufacturing carbon fibers from a coal derived pitch. The improvement resides in the use of a solvent refined coal which has been hydrotreated and subjected to solvent extraction whereby the hetero atom content in the resulting product is less than 4.0% by weight and the softening point is between about 100.degree.-250.degree. F.

Greskovich, Eugene J. (Allentown, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Unscheduled DNA synthesis and mitochondrial DNA synthetic rate following injury of the facial nerve  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) of nuclear DNA and mitochondrial (mt) DNA synthetic rates were determined autoradiographically in different cell ... nerve transection. In addition to an increased synthetic rate ...

H. Korr; V. Philippi; C. Helg; J. Schiefer; M. B. Graeber…

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Flourishing and Discordance: On Two Modes of Human Science Engagement with Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

single stranded synthetic DNA, the fact that ligation indo: putting a piece of synthetic DNA in a host. But I think

Stavrianakis, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drug Delivery Vehicle for Glioblastoma Multiforme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drugmicroemulsion; peptide; nano-low density lipoproteintherapeutic agents. A synthetic nano-LDL (nLDL) particle was

Nikanjam, Mina; Blakely, Eleanor A.; Bjornstad, Kathleen A.; Shu, Xiao; Budinger, Thomas F.; Forte, Trudy M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced synthetic aperture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Synthetic Aperture Summary: advanced synthetic aperture focusing tech- niques (SAFT) implemented in frequency domain have been widely... 1399 An Implementation of...

219

Interferometric fiber optic displacement sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is presented to produce a change in the optical path length in the gap between two single mode optical fibers proportional to the lateral displacement of either fiber end normal to its axis. This is done with the use of refraction or diffraction at the interface between a guiding and non-guiding media to change the direction of propagation of the light in the gap. A method is also presented for laying a waveguide on a cantilever so that the displacement of the tip of the cantilever produces a proportional path length change in the gap by distancing the waveguide from the neutral axis of the cantilever. The fiber is supported as a cantilever or a waveguide is deposited on a micromachined cantilever and incorporated in an interferometer which is made totally on a silicon substrate with the use of integrated-optic technology. A resonant element in the form of a micro-bridge is incorporated in the ridge waveguide and produces a frequency output which is readily digitizeable and immune to laser frequency noise. Finally, monolithic mechanical means for phase modulation are provided on the same sensor substrate. This is done by vibrating the cantilever or micro-bridge either electrically or optically. 29 figs.

Farah, J.

1995-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF COMPOSITE LAMINATES WITH EMBEDDED PIEZOELECTRIC FIBERS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The actuation of ultrasonic guided waves in a carbon fiber reinforced polymer plate from embedded metal core piezoelectric fibers is studied for structural health monitoring applications. A linear array of fibers embedded at the midplane can generate guided waves transverse to the fiber direction. Finite element simulations show that a significant source influence is associated with the small diameter piezoelectric fibers.

Cliff J. Lissenden; James L. Blackshire; Padma K. Puthillath

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Rugged fiber optic probe for raman measurement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical probe for conducting light scattering analysis is disclosed. The probe comprises a hollow housing and a probe tip. A fiber assembly made up of a transmitting fiber and a receiving bundle is inserted in the tip. A filter assembly is inserted in the housing and connected to the fiber assembly. A signal line from the light source and to the spectrometer also is connected to the filter assembly and communicates with the fiber assembly. By using a spring-loaded assembly to hold the fiber connectors together with the in-line filters, complex and sensitive alignment procedures are avoided. The close proximity of the filter assembly to the probe tip eliminates or minimizes self-scattering generated by the optical fiber. Also, because the probe can contact the sample directly, sensitive optics can be eliminated.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Toole, Jr., William R. (Aiken, SC); Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Laser Cooled High-Power Fiber Amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theoretical model for laser cooled continuous-wave fiber amplifier is presented. The amplification process takes place in the Tm3+-doped core of the fluoride ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) glass fiber. The cooling process takes place in the Yb3+:ZBLAN fiber cladding. It is shown that for each value of the pump power and the amplified signal there is a distribution of the concentration of the Tm3+ along the length of the fiber amplifier, which provides its athermal operation. The influence of a small deviation in the value of the amplified signal on the temperature of the fiber with the fixed distribution of the Tm3+ions in the fiber cladding is investigated.

Nemova, Galina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Graphene-filled hollow optical fiber saturable absorber for efficient soliton fiber laser mode-locking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a novel in-line saturable absorber based on hollow optical fiber (HOF) filled with graphene composite for high power operation of mode-locked fiber laser. Evanescent...

Choi, Sun Young; Cho, Dae Kun; Song, Yong-Won; Oh, Kyunghwan; Kim, Kihong; Rotermund, Fabian; Yeom, Dong-Il

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Characterization of three dimensional fiber orientation in short-fiber composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mathematical procedure for recovering from image analysis the three dimensional nonsymmetric fiber-orientation distribution in short-fiber composites is proposed. Microphotographs from two orthogonal faces of a composite sample are needed to determine the three dimensional fiber orientation. A simple weighting function is derived to take into account the probability of intercepting fibers at varying inclination angles. The present procedure improves the previous works of other researchers in the following two aspects. First, it can obtain the single-angle fiber-orientation distribution from one micrograph in reference to the normal of the photographed surface. This distribution is often needed in predicting the mechanical and physical properties of short-fiber composites in this direction. Second, no symmetry in fiber-orientation distribution is assumed in the determination of the three dimensional fiber-orientation, which makes the present procedure more practical and versatile.

Zhu, Yuntian T.; Blumenthal, W.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 5: synthetic lab #4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 5: synthetic lab #4 Learning Objectives for Promoter Discovery the information contained within promoters. · Use protocols for molecular biology to clone DNA. · Interpret

Campbell, A. Malcolm

226

Stabilizing synthetic data in the DNA of living organisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data-encoding synthetic DNA, inserted into the genome of a living ... generations, one of the merits of using DNA material is long-term data storage within ... broken by mutation, deletion, and insertion of DNA, ...

Nozomu Yachie; Yoshiaki Ohashi; Masaru Tomita

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Integrating ethical analysis “Into the DNA” of synthetic biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How to do this? Such analysis should take account of the fact that synthetic biology has several distinct sub-fields; these... Design of DNA—which can then be placed in a...2010

Patrick Heavey

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Nucleic Acid Library Construction Using Synthetic DNA Constructs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The synthesis of a high-diversity double-stranded DNA pool can require hundreds of milliliters of...3,10...). Large volumes are required because the maximum concentration of single-stranded synthetic DNA template...

Hani S. Zaher; Peter J. Unrau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Aromatic Interactions in Proteins, DNA and Synthetic Receptors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Aromatic Interactions in Proteins, DNA and Synthetic Receptors C. A. Hunter Non-covalent interactions between...and three-dimensional structure in double-helical DNA. The - interaction model has been used to calculate the...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 8: synthetic lab #7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

113 Lab Learning Objectives Week 8: synthetic lab #7 Learning Objectives for Promoter Discovery Selection Skills · Read DNA sequence and search for SNPs using ApE software. · Determine your PTC tasting

Campbell, A. Malcolm

231

Sequence Specific Recognition of Double Helical DNA. A Synthetic Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of synthetic sequence-specific DNA-binding molecules has advanced in recent years ... rapid and precise analyses of hundreds of potential DNA-binding sites to nucleotide resolution on sequencing ... bi...

P. B. Dervan

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Exploiting synthetic lethal interactions for targeted cancer therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging data suggests that synthetic lethal interactions between mutated oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes and molecules involved in DNA damage signaling and repair can be therapeutically exploited to preferentially kill ...

Jiang, Hai

233

Retroactivity, modularity, and insulation in synthetic biology circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central concept in synthetic biology is the reuse of well-characterized modules. Modularity simplifies circuit design by allowing for the decomposition of systems into separate modules for individual construction. Complex ...

Lin, Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production David F. Savage , Jeffrey through natural intermediates to final molecule is long, and biofuel production is perhaps the ultimate engineering, economic, political, and environmental realities. Are biofuels sustainable? Consider U

235

What is Synthetic Biology? Application of engineering principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the design and construction of biological parts, devices, and systems with applications in energy, medicine;Biofuels from Algae CO -neutral2 1,000,000 gallons in 2008 18 #12;Synthetic Biology Biochemistry

Campbell, A. Malcolm

236

Magnetic behaviour of synthetic Co2SiO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of the synthetic cobalt olivine, Co2SiO4, is determined by means of non-polarized and polarized neutron diffraction on single-crystal and powder samples.

Sazonov, A.

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

237

Wafer-Scale Synthesis of Monodisperse Synthetic Magnetic Multilayer Nanorods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wafer-Scale Synthesis of Monodisperse Synthetic Magnetic Multilayer Nanorods ... †Department of Materials Science and Engineering, ‡Department of Mechanical Engineering, and §Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States ...

Mingliang Zhang; Daniel J. B. Bechstein; Robert J. Wilson; Shan X. Wang

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

238

Synthetic strategies for the design of platinum anticancer drug candidates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. The Synthetic Chemistry of Platinum Anticancer Agents Since the inception of cisplatin as a clinically approved anticancer agent, a large number of platinum compounds have been synthesized with the aim of finding ...

Wilson, Justin Jeff

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Synthetic approaches to the activation of substituted 2-methyl pyridines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increases in the yield and rate of these reactions is an important objective. This thesis describes synthetic approaches to a new class of ligands containing two picolinic acid units conected together by a non-oxidizable chain. An improved procedure...

Cancanon, Fernadina de la Caridad

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

49; 49; NO. OF PAGES 7 Please cite this article in press as: Zhang Y-H P., et al. Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2010), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2010.05.005 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation Y-H Percival Zhang 1,2,3 , Jibin Sun 4 and Jian-Jiang Zhong 5 Cell-free synthetic pathway biotransformation (SyPaB) is the implementation of complicated biochemical reactions by in vitro assembling a number of enzymes or their complexes and coenzymes. Assembly of numerous enzymes without cellular membrane, gene regulation, or undesired pathway can circumvent some of the obstacles to modifying living microorganisms. Several synthetic pathways for the production of liquid biofuels - alcohols and hydrocarbon precursors (polyols)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

ELECTROSPUN POLYMER-FIBER SOLAR CELL.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A study of fabricating the first electrospun polymer-fiber solar cell with MEHPPV is presented. Motivation for the work and a brief history of solar cell… (more)

Nagata, Shinobu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Estimation of ovular fiber production in cotton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention is a method for rendering cotton fiber cells that are post-anthesis and pre-harvest available for analysis of their physical properties. The method includes the steps of hydrolyzing cotton fiber cells and separating cotton fiber cells from cotton ovules thereby rendering the cells available for analysis. The analysis of the fiber cells is through any suitable means, e.g., visual inspection. Visual inspection of the cells can be accomplished by placing the cells under an instrument for detection, such as microscope or other means.

Van't Hof, Jack (Brookhaven, NY)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Estimation of ovular fiber production in cotton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention is a method for rendering cotton fiber cells that are post-anthesis and pre-harvest available for analysis of their physical properties. The method includes the steps of hydrolyzing cotton fiber cells and separating cotton fiber cells from cotton ovules thereby rendering the cells available for analysis. The analysis of the fiber cells is through any suitable means, e.g., visual inspection. Visual inspection of the cells can be accomplished by placing the cells under an instrument for detection, such as microscope or other means. 4 figs.

Van`t Hof, J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

In Home Networking using Optical Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increased bandwidth requirements for in-home networks create opportunities for optical fiber interconnects. We outline the requirements for in-home networking and discuss the...

Ten, Sergey

245

Carbon Fiber Damage in Accelerator Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in Beam Wire Scanners. Because of their thermomechanical properties they are very resistant to particle beams. Their strength deteriorates with time due to radiation damage and low-cycle thermal fatigue. In case of high intensity beams this process can accelerate and in extreme cases the fiber is damaged during a single scan. In this work a model describing the fiber temperature, thermionic emission and sublimation is discussed. Results are compared with fiber damage test performed on SPS beam in November 2008. In conclusions the limits of Wire Scanner operation on high intensity beams are drawn.

Sapinski, M; Guerrero, A; Koopman, J; Métral, E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Solar Day-Lighting Using Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Green lighting alternatives can substantially reduce electricity consumption. Solar day-lighting system, by transporting the concentrated sunlight through optical fibers, has been...

Kumar, Naveen; Patil, Sanket

247

Large Pitch Hollow Core Honeycomb Fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new kind of hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) for broadband guidance is introduced. Structural and optical properties of a fabricated example are detailed.

Beaudou, Benoît; Couny, François; Benabid, Fetah; Roberts, Peter John

248

Hollow-Fiber Reverse Osmosis Membranes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hollow-fiber membranes for reverse osmosis desalination are typically of the dense wall ... compact modules and further improve the economics of reverse osmosis desalination.

Mark E. Cohen; Michael A. Grable; Billy M. Riggleman

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform Manufacture & Molding...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. lm12smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform...

250

Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform Manufacture & Molding...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

"Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. merit08smith3.pdf More Documents & Publications Natural Fiber Composites: Retting, Preform...

251

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 24 NUMBER 5 MAY 2006 545 RNA synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

synthetic biology efforts have focused on engineering gene cir- cuits that rely on protein-DNA interactionsNATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 24 NUMBER 5 MAY 2006 545 RNA synthetic biology Farren J Isaacs1, Daniel two years efforts in synthetic biology have produced novel, synthetic RNA components capable

Collins, James J.

252

Meta-DNA: A DNA-Based Approach to Synthetic Harish Chandran1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meta-DNA: A DNA-Based Approach to Synthetic Biology Harish Chandran1 harish@cs.duke.edu Nikhil Gopalkrishnan, Bernard Yurke, John Reif, Meta-DNA: Synthetic Biology via DNA Nanostructures and Hybridization@cs.duke.edu Abstract The goal of synthetic biology is to design and assemble synthetic systems that mimic bio- logical

Reif, John H.

253

Function of transcription termination factor .rho. in a model transcription system using synthetic DNA as template  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Function of transcription termination factor .rho. in a model transcription system using synthetic DNA as template ...

Katsuya Shigesada; Mutsuo Imai

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Structure and Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Exceptionally Stable Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenediether Linkers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structure and Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Exceptionally Stable Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenediether Linkers ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Xiaoyang Liu; Yangsheng Wu; Scott E. Miller; Michael R. Wasielewski; Robert L. Letsinger; Ruslan Sanishvili; Andrzej Joachimiak; Valentina Tereshko; Martin Egli

1999-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - activated carbon fiber Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fiber Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activated carbon fiber...

256

Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary Report Renewable, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber for Lightweight Vehicles: Summary Report This report outlines the final...

257

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors Lower Cost Carbon Fiber Precursors 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June...

258

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Low-Cost Carbon Fiber | Proposal Guidelines Proposal Guidelines Proposals should be no more than 5 single spaced...

259

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Pursuing the Promise High-strength, lightweight advanced composites will deliver a...

260

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Presentation given...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

High power fiber delivery for laser ignition applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present contribution provides a concise review of high power fiber delivery research for laser ignition applications. The fiber delivery requirements are discussed in terms of exit...

Yalin, Azer P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

263

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers.

O'Rourke, Patrick E. (Martinez, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Fiber optic probe having fibers with endfaces formed for improved coupling efficiency and method using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe is disclosed for detecting scattered light, with transmitting and receiving fibers having slanted ends and bundled together to form a bevel within the tip of the probe. The probe comprises a housing with a transparent window across its tip for protecting the transmitting and receiving fibers held therein. The endfaces of the fibers are slanted, by cutting, polishing and the like, so that they lie in a plane that is not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective fiber. The fibers are held in the tip of the probe using an epoxy and oriented so that lines normal to the slanted endfaces are divergent with respect to one another. The epoxy, which is positioned substantially between the transmitting and receiving fibers, is tapered so that the transmitting fiber, the epoxy and the receiving fiber form a bevel of not more than 20 degrees. The angled fiber endfaces cause directing of the light cones toward each other, resulting in improved light coupling efficiency. A light absorber, such as carbon black, is contained in the epoxy to reduce crosstalk between the transmitting and receiving fibers. 3 figures.

O`Rourke, P.E.; Livingston, R.R.

1995-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

Fiber-optic liquid level sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber-optic liquid level sensor measures the height of a column of liquid through the hydrostatic pressure it produces. The sensor employs a fiber-optic displacement sensor to detect the pressure-induced displacement of the center of a corrugated diaphragm.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Carbon Fiber Composite Pyramidal Lattice Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Fiber Composite Pyramidal Lattice Structures A Thesis Presented to the faculty of the School the facesheets and the core were created from pre-cured, bi-axial carbon fiber laminated plates. The cores were approach which permits lattice fabrication from high specific strength aluminum and titanium alloys. Carbon

Wadley, Haydn

267

Triangular-profile single-mode fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low-loss triangular-profile single-mode fiber is reported. The fiber loss at 1.3–1.55-?m wavelengths is below 0.4 dB/km, and its zero-chromatic-dispersion wavelength is 1.402 ?m.

Saifi, M A; Cohen, L G; Stone, J; Jang, S J

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Transport Properties of Activated Carbon Fibers  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The transport properties of activated isotropic pitch-based carbon fibers with surface area 1000 m{sup 2}/g have been investigated. We report preliminary results on the electrical conductivity, the magnetoresistance, the thermal conductivity and the thermopower of these fibers as a function of temperature. Comparisons are made to transport properties of other disordered carbons.

di Vittorio, S. L.; Dresselhaus, M. S.; Endo, M.; Issi, J-P.; Piraux, L.

1990-07-00T23:59:59.000Z

269

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities. 3 figs.

Wood, C.B.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fiber-optic voltage sensor with cladded fiber and evanescent wave variation detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic voltage sensor is described which includes a source of light, a reference fiber for receiving a known percentage of the light and an electrostrictive element having terminals across which is applied, a voltage to be measured. The electrostrictive element is responsive to the applied voltage to assume an altered physical state. A measuring fiber also receives a known percentage of light from the light source and is secured about the electrostrictive element. The measuring fiber is provided with a cladding and exhibits an evanescent wave in the cladding. The measuring fiber has a known length which is altered when the electrostrictive element assumes its altered physical state. A differential sensor is provided which senses the intensity of light in both the reference fiber and the measuring fiber and provides an output indicative of the difference between the intensities.

Wood, Charles B. (Lakewood, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Remotely readable fiber optic compass  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A remotely readable fiber optic compass. A sheet polarizer is affixed to a magnet rotatably mounted in a compass body, such that the polarizer rotates with the magnet. The optical axis of the sheet polarizer is preferably aligned with the north-south axis of the magnet. A single excitation light beam is divided into four identical beams, two of which are passed through the sheet polarizer and through two fixed polarizing sheets which have their optical axes at right angles to one another. The angle of the compass magnet with respect to a fixed axis of the compass body can be determined by measuring the ratio of the intensities of the two light beams. The remaining ambiguity as to which of the four possible quadrants the magnet is pointing to is resolved by the second pair of light beams, which are passed through the sheet polarizer at positions which are transected by two semicircular opaque strips formed on the sheet polarizer. The incoming excitation beam and the four return beams are communicated by means of optical fibers, giving a remotely readable compass which has no electrical parts.

Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Garrett, Steven L. (Pebble Beach, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Method for preparing polyaniline fibers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Stable, concentrated solutions of high molecular weight polyaniline. In order to process high quality fibers and other articles possessing good mechanical properties, it is known that solution concentrations of the chosen polymer should be in the range from 15-30% (w/w). Moreover, it is desirable to use the highest molecular weight consistent with the solubility properties of the polymer. However, such solutions are inherently unstable, forming gels before processing can be achieved. The present invention describes the addition gel inhibitors (GIs) to the polymer solution, thereby permitting high concentrations (>15% (w/w)) of high molecular weight ((M.sub.w)>120,000, and (M.sub.n)>30,000) emeraldine base (EB) polyaniline to be dissolved. Secondary amines have been used for this purpose in concentrations which are small compared to those which might otherwise be used in a cosolvent role therefor. The resulting solutions are useful for generating excellent fibers, films, coatings and other objects, since the solutions are stable for significant time periods, and the GIs are present in too small concentrations to cause polymer deterioration. It is demonstrated that the GIs found to be useful do not act as cosolvents, and that gelation times of the solutions are directly proportional to the concentration of GI. In particular, there is a preferred concentration of GI, which if exceeded causes structural and electrical conductivity degradation of resulting articles. Heating of the solutions significantly improves solubility.

Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Wang, Hsing-Lin (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Low Cost Carbon Fiber.pub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Production Carbon Fiber Manufacturing Cost Modeling Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief Background The automotive industry has long been identified by carbon fiber manufacturers as a market with substantial growth potential. When manufactured with carbon fiber as opposed to traditional materials such as steel, automotive parts are able to achieve requisite levels of strength and stiffness with significantly less overall vehicle weight. These potential large reductions in vehicle weight, in turn, afford the

274

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David (Dave) Warren David (Dave) Warren Field Technical Manager Transportation Materials Research Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2009, M/S 8050 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8050 Phone: 865-574-9693 Fax: 865-574-0740 Email: WarrenCD@ORNL.GOV Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber 14 February 2011 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Questions for Today Materials How can the cost of carbon fiber suitable for higher performance applications (H 2 Storage) be developed? H 2 Storage requirements implies Aerospace grade fibers. Can we build off of work previously done for more modest structural applications? To accurately answer: We need to know the minimum performance and maximum cost requirements of the fiber not simply the properties of current fiber.

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced dti fiber Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: advanced dti fiber Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Free-Form Fibers: A Whole Brain Fiber-to-DTI Registration Method Summary: Free-Form Fibers: A Whole Brain Fiber-to-DTI...

276

Use of synthetic DNA in expression of foreign proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthetic \\{DNAs\\} and oligonucleotides, which can be prepared conveniently by combining chemical synthesis and enzymatic methods, have been used extensively in recombinant DNA research. Examples include total gene synthesis, probes for the isolation of specific genes from cDNA or genomic libraries, linkers containing specific restriction sites for cloning, primers for DNA and RNA sequencing, and primers for the construction of specific mutations (either deletion, insertion or point mutations) by oligonucleotide-directed site-specific mutagenesis. This article reviews recent advances in the chemical and enzymatic synthesis of oligo- and polynucleotides and the application of synthetic DNA to the expression of foreign proteins. The synthesis of genes, including structural genes and regulatory genes are reviewed. Oligonucleotide-directed site-specific mutagenesis and use of synthetic DNA to optimize foreign protein expression are also discussed.

Hansen M. Hsiung

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Integrating synthetic flood data for selection of regional frequency distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regional frequency distributions are estimated using respective regional average coefficients of variance, skewness and kurtosis. The regional average coefficients may be significantly biased for a region with inadequate hydrometric data. The objective of this study is to select suitable regional frequency distributions in previously identified five hydrologic homogeneous regions of Nepalese territory with larger focus on data-scarce regions. Incorporation of synthetic flood data has been proposed in two hydrologic regions which have insufficient hydrometric data. A SimHyd rainfall runoff model was employed for the generation of synthetic flood data to augment hydrometric data inadequacy. Selection of best-fit regional frequency distribution was identified using L-moment ratio diagrams and goodness-of-fit measure. The selected distributions were tested by comparing observation and regional distribution factors at eight observation hydrometric sites. Incorporation of synthetic flood data enabled to reduce regional distribution factor error to 6% from that of 10%.

Binaya Kumar Mishra; Kaoru Takara

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Multilayered thermal insulation formed of zirconia bonded layers of zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers and method for making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multilayered thermal insulating composite is formed of a first layer of zirconia-bonded zirconia fibers for utilization near the hot phase or surface of a furnace or the like. A second layer of zirconia-bonded metal oxide fibers is attached to the zirconia fiber layer by a transition layer formed of intermingled zirconia fibers and metal oxide fibers. The thermal insulation is fabricated by vacuum molding with the layers being sequentially applied from aqueous solutions containing the fibers to a configured mandrel. A portion of the solution containing the fibers forming the first layer is intermixed with the solution containing the fibers of the second layer for forming the layer of mixed fibers. The two layers of fibers joined together by the transition layer are saturated with a solution of zirconium oxynitrate which provides a zirconia matrix for the composite when the fibers are sintered together at their nexi.

Wrenn, Jr., George E. (Clinton, TN); Holcombe, Jr., Cressie E. (Farragut, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

2 micron femtosecond fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems for generating femtosecond fiber laser pulses are disclose, including generating a signal laser pulse from a seed laser oscillator; using a first amplifier stage comprising an input and an output, wherein the signal laser pulse is coupled into the input of the first stage amplifier and the output of the first amplifier stage emits an amplified and stretched signal laser pulse; using an amplifier chain comprising an input and an output, wherein the amplified and stretched signal laser pulse from the output of the first amplifier stage is coupled into the input of the amplifier chain and the output of the amplifier chain emits a further amplified, stretched signal laser pulse. Other embodiments are described and claimed.

Liu, Jian; Wan, Peng; Yang, Lihmei

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

280

Fiber optic D dimer biosensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic sensor for D dimer (a fibrinolytic product) can be used in vivo (e.g., in catheter-based procedures) for the diagnosis and treatment of stroke-related conditions in humans. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. It has been estimated that strokes and stroke-related disorders cost Americans between $15-30 billion annually. Relatively recently, new medical procedures have been developed for the treatment of stroke. These endovascular procedures rely upon the use of microcatheters. These procedures could be facilitated with this sensor for D dimer integrated with a microcatheter for the diagnosis of clot type, and as an indicator of the effectiveness, or end-point of thrombolytic therapy.

Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA); Grant, Sheila A. (Pleasanton, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effects of hadron irradiation on scintillating fibers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trackers based on scintillating-fiber technology are being considered by the Solenoidal Detector Collaboration at SSC and the D[phi] collaboration at Fermilab. An important issue is the effect of the radiation existing in the detector cores on fiber properties. Most studies of radiation damage in scintillators have irradiated small bulk samples rather than fibers, and have used X-rays, [sup 60]Co gammas, or electron beams, often at accelerated rates. The authors have irradiated some 600 fibers in the Fermilab Tevatron C[phi] area, thereby obtaining a hadronic irradiation at realistic rates. Four-meter-long samples of ten Bicron polystyrene-based fiber types, maintained in air, dry nitrogen, argon, and vacuum atmospheres within stainless-steel tubes, were irradiated for seven weeks at various distances from the accelerator beam pipes. Maximum doses, measured by thermoluminescence detectors, were about 80 Krad. Fiber properties, particularly light yield and attenuation length, have been measured over a one-year period. A description of the work together with the results is presented. At the doses achieved, corresponding to a few years of actual fiber-tracking detector operation, little degradation is observed. In addition, recovery after several days' exposure to air has been noted. Properties of unirradiated samples kept in darkness show no changes after one year.

Atac, M. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States) Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Buchanan, C.; Chrisman, D.; Cline, D.; Kolonko, J.; Kubic, J.; Park, J. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Baumbaugh, A.; Binkley, M.; Bross, A.D.; Finley, D.; Elias, J.; Foster, G.W.; Kephart, R.; Kephart, R.; Kim, C.; Park, H.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Rivetta, C.; Tkaczyk, S.; Wagner, R. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Chung, M.; Goldberg, H.; Jeskik, R.; Margulies, S.; Mendez, H.; Solomon, J.; Vaca, F. (Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)); Kelley, C. (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences, Boston, MA (United States)); Baumbaugh, B.; Bishop, J.; Biswas, N.; Cason, N.; Jacques, J.; Kehoe, R.; Kelly, M.; Kenney, V.; LoSecco, J.; Ruchti, R.; Shephard, W.; Warchol, J.; Wayne, M.; Marchant, J.; Mountain, R.J. (Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Davis, D.; Vandergriff, D. (O

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Evaluation of synthetic aggregates for use in concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic aggregates may result in 4 irregular aggrege. te behavior with respect to those test procedures. Investigators at the Texas Transportation Institute have sug- g sted some new r. echniques to evaluate the synthet. ic ageregate. Some... in firing temperature and retention t5me, although pressure s1aking losses of all ag, regates were very low which indicated that the dehydration process of all aggro ates wa complete. 11. The NuOH test was able to detect the vari. ation of aggre- gate...

Ahmad, Hafizuddin

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Synthetic investigations into the hexasaccharide domain of landomycin A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1 Preparation of Disaccharide 14 Our synthetic schemes starts with the formation of the ct-linkage between L- rhodinose and D-olivose. Of the many available methods used to introduce 2-deoxy-ct- glycoside linkages, we chose to employ glycosyl.... 1 Preparation of Disaccharide 14 Our synthetic schemes starts with the formation of the ct-linkage between L- rhodinose and D-olivose. Of the many available methods used to introduce 2-deoxy-ct- glycoside linkages, we chose to employ glycosyl...

Kuo, Yu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

284

Communication Electric polarization in carbon fiber-reinforced cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communication Electric polarization in carbon fiber-reinforced cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung Abstract Electric polarization induced an increase of the measured electrical resistivity of carbon fiber of the cement paste through the use of carbon fibers that were more crystalline, the increase of the fiber

Chung, Deborah D.L.

285

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Carbon Fiber Technology Facility Low-Cost Carbon Fiber | Proposal opportunity and how low-cost carbon fiber can facilitate successful entry. Submit completed proposal package and equipment, visit www.ornl.gov/manufacturing. #12;MDF: CFTF Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Proposal Guidelines 2 4

Pennycook, Steve

286

Compact, stable 1 ghz femtosecond er-doped fiber lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a high-repetition-rate soliton fiber laser that is based on highly-doped anomalously-dispersive erbium-doped fiber. By splicing an 11-mm single mode fiber to the erbium-doped fiber, thermal damage of the ...

Byun, Hyunil

287

Characterization of Fiber Optic CMM Probe System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a study completed on the fiber optic probe system that is a part of the Werth optical CMM. This study was necessary due to a lack of documentation from the vendor for the proper use and calibration of the fiber probe, and was performed in support of the Lithographie Galvanoformung Abformung (LIGA) development program at the FM&T. As a result of this study, a better understanding of the fiber optic probe has been developed, including guidelines for its proper use and calibration.

K.W.Swallow

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microbend fiber-optic chemical sensor for detecting chemicals in a sample, and a method for its use, is disclosed. The sensor comprises at least one optical fiber having a microbend section (a section of small undulations in its axis), for transmitting and receiving light. In transmission, light guided through the microbend section scatters out of the fiber core and interacts, either directly or indirectly, with the chemical in the sample, inducing fluorescence radiation. Fluorescence radiation is scattered back into the microbend section and returned to an optical detector for determining characteristics of the fluorescence radiation quantifying the presence of a specific chemical.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

290

Diode pumped alkali vapor fiber laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus is provided for producing near-diffraction-limited laser light, or amplifying near-diffraction-limited light, in diode pumped alkali vapor photonic-band-gap fiber lasers or amplifiers. Laser light is both substantially generated and propagated in an alkali gas instead of a solid, allowing the nonlinear and damage limitations of conventional solid core fibers to be circumvented. Alkali vapor is introduced into the center hole of a photonic-band-gap fiber, which can then be pumped with light from a pump laser and operated as an oscillator with a seed beam, or can be configured as an amplifier.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

291

Long-period fiber grating as wavelength selective element in double-clad Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection of operating wavelength of the Yb-doped fiber-ring lasers using longperiod fiber gratings (LPFGs) is suggested. In the proposed method, customized LPFG that sustains high powers serves as a broad-band rejection filter. It modifies the net gain profile of the laser, enabling the peak gain to occur at a designed wavelength. Spectral range of oscillation between 1050-1110 nm was experimentally demonstrated. This range can be extended to both shorter and longer wavelengths with proper design of the LPFG and length of the Yb-doped fiber. The gratings were inscribed by CO2 laser and the grating period down to 175 ?m was achieved being, to our best knowledge, the shortest reported LPFG period using this technique.

Peterka, P; Dussardier, Bernard; Slavik, R; Honzatko, P; Kubecek, V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Introduction The Fiber-Lite MI-150 is a 150 Watt quartz halogen fiber optic illuminator designed for general microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction ® The Fiber-Lite MI-150 is a 150 Watt quartz halogen fiber optic illuminator designed for general microscopy use. When used with specialty fiber optic cables the MI-150 illuminator can also Illuminator from the carton and retain the manual and any additional documents. ! Remove the fiber optic cable

Kleinfeld, David

293

The effect of second phase particles in the fiber/matrix interfacial strength of carbon fiber reinforced thermoset composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the failure of the single fiber test specimen prior to saturation in the fiber fragmentation process. The microindentation tests were also unsuccessful due to fracture in the carbon fiber prior to interfacial debond. The fiber push-out test results were twice...

Lu, Chung-Yuan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews* Michael G. Christel-412-268-7796 sms@cs.cmu.edu Dean Zollman Department of Physics Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 66506 1-785-532-1619 dzollman@phys.ksu.edu ABSTRACT Physics Pathway is a digital library available through an Adobe Flash portal

Christel, Mike

295

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental pressure solution compaction of synthetic halite/calcite aggregates Sergey Zubtsova of weakening of sediment-like aggregates by addition of hard particles. Sieved mixtures of calcite and halite solution. The individual halite grains deform easily by pressure solution creep whereas calcite grains act

296

Synthetic aperture design for increased SAR image rate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High resolution SAR images of a target scene at near video rates can be produced by using overlapped, but nevertheless, full-size synthetic apertures. The SAR images, which respectively correspond to the apertures, can be analyzed in sequence to permit detection of movement in the target scene.

Bielek, Timothy P. (Albuquerque, NM); Thompson, Douglas G. (Albuqerque, NM); Walker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

297

THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW OR IMPROVED SYNTHETIC MATERIALS FROM CORN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of materials will diversify the market for corn and for wet- mill biorefineries." Jaffe said that the workTHE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW OR IMPROVED SYNTHETIC MATERIALS FROM CORN DERIVATIVES IS THE GOAL OF A PARTNERSHIP AMONG NJIT RESEARCHERS, THE IOWA CORN PROMOTION BOARD AND THE MID-ATLANTIC TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH

Bieber, Michael

298

More U. S. , Canada synthetic rubber use seen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

According to M.J. Rhoad of the International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers Inc., the total U.S. and Canadian natural and synthetic rubber consumption will amount to (in thousands of metric tons/yr) 3385, 3305, 3855, and 4295 for 1979, 1980, 1985, and 1990, respectively, with synthetic rubber use increasing from an estimated 2.54 million metric tons/yr in 1979 to 3.27 million metric tons/yr by 1990, including an increase from 2.35 to 3.02 million metric tons/yr for the U.S. Rubber consumption for tires and tire products in the U.S. will increase at 2%/yr, with synthetic rubber accounting for 61.9% of the rubber used for tires in 1990, down from the 63.4% in 1979. In 1980, the decline in automobile and tire production will cause a 2.4% decline in new rubber consumption. During 1979-90, the amount of rubber used for nontire purposes will increase at 2.5%/yr.

Rhoad, M.J.

1980-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

September 16, 2011 Synthetic Biology Leads to Organic Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles and mathematical modeling to the design and construction of biological parts, devices, and systems with applications in energy, medicine, and technology. www.bio.davidson -neutral2 1,000,000 gallons in 2008 #12;Synthetic Biology at Davidson College Building Bacterial Computers

Campbell, A. Malcolm

300

Susceptibility of Synthetic Long-Chain Alkylbenzenes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Susceptibility of Synthetic Long-Chain Alkylbenzenes to Degradation in Reducing Marine Sediments R Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, Virginia 20192 Received April 24, 2008. Revised manuscript received June 24, 2008. Accepted July 02, 2008. Long-chain alkylbenzenes (LCABs) synthesized for production

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

USING SYNTHETIC PLAYERS TO GENERATE WORKLOADS FOR NETWORKED MULTIPLAYER GAMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generates appropriate workloads for networked multiplayer games. Based on this framework, we have developed a software infrastructure and a prototype synthetic player for the multiplayer adventure game Crossfire Video games have been projected to continue to enjoy solid growth over the coming years (PricewaterhouseCoopers

Katchabaw, Michael James

302

MULTISPECTRAL SYNTHETIC SCENE GENERATION USING ATMOSPHERIC PROPAGATION AND THERMODYNAMIC MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Central Intelligence Agency, the US Department of Energy, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, ITEK a requirement. This document represents the current status of a first-principles physics-based synthetic image behavior in a natural environment, and the propagation of energy through the atmosphere. The model

Salvaggio, Carl

303

MICROMECHANICS IN CONTINOUS GRAPHITE FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITES DURING CREEP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micro Raman spectroscopy and classic composite shear-lag models were used to analyze the evolution with time of fiber and matrix strain/stress around fiber breaks in planar model graphite fiber-epoxy matrix composites. Impressive agreements were found between the model predictions and the experimental results. The local matrix creep leads to an increase in the load transfer length around the break under a constant load. This increases the chance of fiber breakage in the neighboring intact fibers.

C. ZHOU; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Lower Cost, Higher Performance Carbon Fiber  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strength; Fiber Format & Manufacturing Methods 1-10 M lbsyr 100M - 1B lbsyr Oil & Gas Deep Water Production Enabler Pipes, Drill Shafts, Off-Shore Structures Low Mass, High...

305

PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PROJECT REPORT COUPLING OF LIGHT THROUGH FIBER PHY 564 SUBMITTED BY: GAGANDEEP KAUR (952549116 size simplifies connections and also allows the use of lower-cost electronics such as light

La Rosa, Andres H.

306

Optoelectronic fiber webs for imaging applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the use of novel visible and infrared light-sensitive optoelectronic fiber in the development of large scale photodector arrays. Unlike conventional point photodetectors these one-dimensional linear photodectors ...

Arnold, Jerimy Reeves

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Fiber to waveguide couplers for silicon photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As silicon photonics enters mainstream technology, we find ourselves in need of methods to seamlessly transfer light between the optical fibers of global scale telecommunications networks and the on-chip waveguides used ...

Montalbo, Trisha M., 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Fabrication of microscale carbon nanotube fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have excellent mechanical, chemical, and electronic properties, but realizing these excellences in practical applications needs to assemble individual CNTs into larger-scale products. Recently, CNT fibers demonstrate the potential ...

Gengzhi Sun; Yani Zhang; Lianxi Zheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Fiber coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, the spark delivery system including a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. In addition, the laser delivery assembly includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. In accordance with embodiments of the present invention, the assembly may be used to create a spark in a combustion engine. In accordance with other embodiments of the present invention, a method of using the spark delivery system is provided. In addition, a method of choosing an appropriate fiber for creating a spark using a laser beam is also presented.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

310

Fiber laser coupled optical spark delivery system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

Indigestible fiber components as possible internal markers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDIGESTIBLE FIBER COMPONENTS AS POSSIBLE INZERNAL MARKERS A Thesis by BERNARD FREDERICK JACOBS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AQf University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1975 Major Subject: Animal Nutrition INDIGESTIBLE FIBER COMPONENTS AS POSSIBLE INTERNAL MARKERS A Thesis by BERNARD FREDERICK JACOBS Approved as to style and content by: !, /, (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Depar ent) (Member) (Member...

Jacobs, Bernard Frederick

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Fiber optic detector for immuno-testing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A portable fiber optic detector that senses the presence of specific target chemicals in air or a gas by exchanging the target chemical for a fluoroescently-tagged antigen that is bound to an antibody which is in turn attached to an optical fiber. Replacing the fluorescently-tagged antigen reduces the fluorescence so that a photon sensing detector records the reduced light level and activates an appropriate alarm or indicator.

Partin, Judy K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Thomas E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Grey, Alan E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Catalyst for splitting water &Catalyst for splitting water & Synthetic Modeling of InorganicSynthetic Modeling of Inorganic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Importance Hydrogen technology in fuel cellsHydrogen technology in fuel cells As a combustion fuel, it producesCatalyst for splitting water &Catalyst for splitting water & Synthetic Modeling of Inorganic of evolution ·Optimized catalyst for water splitting in all oxygenic phototrophs S0 S4 S1 S2 S3 O2 2 H O2 e- e

Petta, Jason

316

The effect of irregular fiber distribution and error in assumed transverse fiber CTE on thermally induced fiber/matrix interfacial stresses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermally induced interfacial stress states between fiber and matrix at cryogenic temperature were studied using three-dimensional finite element based micromechanics. Mismatch of the coefficient of thermal expansion between fiber and matrix...

Zu, Seung-Don

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

317

A machine that speeds up evolution is revolutionizing genome design A new tool for synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering (MAGE) The Principle of Accelerated Evolution · Synthetic DNA is repeatedy A new tool for synthetic biology We are in the midst of a genomic ("write") the DNA that makes up genomic information. However, current

Wood, Robert

318

Flourishing and Discordance: On Two Modes of Human Science Engagement with Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

single stranded synthetic DNA, the fact that ligation indo: putting a piece of synthetic DNA in a host. But I thinksynthetic biology was intensifying already-known challenges in recombinant DNA

Stavrianakis, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers ... The dynamics of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination in synthetic DNA hairpins have been investigated by means of femtosecond and nanosecond transient spectroscopy. ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Taifeng Wu; Xiaoyang Liu; Robert L. Letsinger; Scott R. Greenfield; Scott E. Miller; Michael R. Wasielewski

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

320

Creating Protein Affinity Reagents by Combining Peptide Ligands on Synthetic DNA Scaffolds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Creating Protein Affinity Reagents by Combining Peptide Ligands on Synthetic DNA Scaffolds ... The peptides were conjugated to synthetic DNA (Table S4 and S5, SI) using standard amine coupling chemistry(23) (Scheme 1, SI). ...

Berea A. R. Williams; Chris W. Diehnelt; Paul Belcher; Matthew Greving; Neal W. Woodbury; Stephen A. Johnston; John C. Chaput

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Modular Design of Artificial Tissue Homeostasis: Robust Control through Synthetic Cellular Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology efforts have largely focused on small engineered gene networks, yet understanding how to integrate multiple synthetic modules and interface them with endogenous pathways remains a challenge. Here we present ...

Miller, Miles Aaron

322

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical fibers go nano The manufacture of nanowires from optical fibers provides the longest, most uniform and robust nanowires. Most important, the low optical loss associated to small surface roughness and high homogeneity allows the use of nanowires for optical applications and opens the way to a host

323

Low-Resolution Reconstruction of a Synthetic DNA Holliday Junction Marcelo Nollmann,*y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Resolution Reconstruction of a Synthetic DNA Holliday Junction Marcelo No¨llmann,*y W. Marshall

Nollmann, Marcelo

324

Method and apparatus for removing heat from electronic devices using synthetic jets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for removing heat comprises a heat sink having a cavity, and a synthetic jet stack comprising at least one synthetic jet mounted within the cavity. At least one rod and at least one engaging structure to provide a rigid positioning of the at least one synthetic jet with respect to the at least one rod. The synthetic jet comprises at least one orifice through which a fluid is ejected.

Sharma, Rajdeep; Weaver, Jr., Stanton Earl; Seeley, Charles Erklin; Arik, Mehmet; Icoz, Tunc; Wolfe, Jr., Charles Franklin; Utturkar, Yogen Vishwas

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Electroporation of Synthetic DNA Antigens Offers Protection in Nonhuman Primates Challenged with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ANTIVIRAL AGENTS Electroporation of Synthetic DNA Antigens Offers Protection in...and in vivo electroporation of synthetic DNA-encoded antigens, we observed...recommendationvaccine.pdf . Electroporation of synthetic DNA antigens offers protection in...

Dominick J. Laddy; Jian Yan; Amir S. Khan; Hanne Andersen; Amanda Cohn; Jack Greenhouse; Mark Lewis; Jody Manischewitz; Lisa R. King; Hana Golding; Ruxandra Draghia-Akli; David B. Weiner

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

326

Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing the causative agents of syphilis and yaws?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing...Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Synthetic DNA probes specific for either the...Polymerase chain reaction and synthetic DNA probes: a means of distinguishing...

G T Noordhoek; B Wieles; J J van der Sluis; J D van Embden

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Synthetic DNA Replication Bubbles Bound and Unwound with Twofold Symmetry by a Simian Virus 40 T-Antigen Double Hexamer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ARTICLE ANIMAL VIRUSES Synthetic DNA Replication Bubbles Bound and...examined the binding of TAgDH to synthetic DNA replication bubbles. Tests of...characterized the binding and unwinding of synthetic DNA replication bubbles by the TAgDH...

Natalia V. Smelkova; James A. Borowiec

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Meta-DNA: synthetic biology via DNA nanostructures and hybridization reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...articles 1004 181 131 18 Meta-DNA: synthetic biology via DNA nanostructures...protocols for its manipulation. Synthetic DNA is also cheaply and readily available...specific to mDNA and also occurs in synthetic DNA synthesis. One of the key technological...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Discrete Assembly of Synthetic Peptide-DNA Triplex Structures from Polyvalent Melamine-Thymine Bifacial Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discrete Assembly of Synthetic Peptide-DNA Triplex Structures from Polyvalent Melamine decadeoxyoligothymi- dine (dT10) tracts to form triplexes with a peptide-DNA strand ratio of 1:2. The synthetic, synthetic melamine-displaying peptide 1 induced assembly of a peptide-DNA triplex structures

Bong, Dennis

330

Meta-DNA: Synthetic Biology via DNA Nanostructures and Hybridization Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meta-DNA: Synthetic Biology via DNA Nanostructures and Hybridization Reactions Harish Chandran University, Durham NC email: reif@cs.duke.edu Abstract The goal of synthetic biology is to design and assemble synthetic systems that mimic bio- logical systems. One of the most fundamental challenge

Reif, John H.

331

Comparison of genomic, plasmid, synthetic, and combined DNA probes for detecting Plasmodium falciparum DNA.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pRepHind, and a 21-base-long synthetic DNA probe (PFR1), the sequence...second brief hybridization with synthetic DNA to amplify signals from samples...pRepHind, and a 21-base-long synthetic DNA probe (PFR1), the sequence...

G L McLaughlin; W E Collins; G H Campbell

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Transfer and Hole Transport in Synthetic DNA Hairpins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Transfer and Hole Transport in Synthetic DNA Hairpins ... The dynamics of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination processes in synthetic DNA hairpins have been investigated by means of femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. ... for a family of synthetic DNA hairpins in which a stilbene dicarboxamide forms a bridge connecting two oligonucleotide arms. ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Robert L. Letsinger; Michael R. Wasielewski

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

333

Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1 beta-lactamases.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Article Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...polymorphism. Development of natural and synthetic DNA probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...5 Development of Natural and Synthetic DNA Probes for OXA-2 and TEM-1...

M Boissinot; J Mercier; R C Levesque

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A set of Macintosh computer programs for the design and analysis of synthetic genes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......are given for the creation of synthetic DNA sequences for the bovine prethrombin-2...are given for the creation of synthetic DNA sequences for the bovine prethrombin-2...are given for the creation of synthetic DNA sequences for the bovine prethrombin-2......

M. P. Weiner; H.A. Scheraga

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fusion of multiple image types for the creation of radiometrically-accurate synthetic scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion of multiple image types for the creation of radiometrically-accurate synthetic scenes-in-the-loop requirements for many aspects of synthetic hyperspectral scene construction. Through a fusion of 3D lidar data: lidar, hyperspectral, fusion, DIRSIG, building reconstruction, synthetic scene 1 INTRODUCTION Over

Kerekes, John

336

Effect of Synthetic Drilling Fluid Base Oils on Asphaltene Stability and Wetting in Sandstone Cores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of Synthetic Drilling Fluid Base Oils on Asphaltene Stability and Wetting in Sandstone Cores† ... In synthetic oil-based drilling fluids, diesel has been replaced, for environmental reasons, by base oils that are very low in aromatic hydrocarbons. ... Paraffinic and olefinic base oils used to make up some synthetic oil-based drilling muds can destabilize asphaltenes. ...

Yongsheng Zhang; Jianxin Wang; Norman R. Morrow; Jill S. Buckley

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

337

Activated carbon fibers and engineered forms from renewable resources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of producing activated carbon fibers (ACFs) includes the steps of providing a natural carbonaceous precursor fiber material, blending the carbonaceous precursor material with a chemical activation agent to form chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers, spinning the chemical agent-impregnated precursor material into fibers, and thermally treating the chemical agent-impregnated precursor fibers. The carbonaceous precursor material is both carbonized and activated to form ACFs in a single step. The method produces ACFs exclusive of a step to isolate an intermediate carbon fiber.

Baker, Frederick S

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

Synthetic aperture integration (SAI) algorithm for SAR imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the imaging and detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across the surface and that travels down the surface. The imaging and detection system pre-processes the return signal to suppress certain undesirable effects. The imaging and detection system then generates synthetic aperture radar images from real aperture radar images generated from the pre-processed return signal. The imaging and detection system then post-processes the synthetic aperture radar images to improve detection of subsurface objects. The imaging and detection system identifies peaks in the energy levels of the post-processed image frame, which indicates the presence of a subsurface object.

Chambers, David H; Mast, Jeffrey E; Paglieroni, David W; Beer, N. Reginald

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

339

Renewable Energy from Synthetic Biology (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jay Keasling, co-leader of Berkeley Lab's Helios Project, is a groundbreaking researcher in the new scientific field of synthetic biology. In Helios, he directs the biology program, incorporating a range of approaches to increasing the efficacy and economy of plants and cellulose-degrading microbes to make solar-based fuels. He is a UC Berkeley professor of Chemical and Bioengineering, and founder of Amyris Biotechnologies, a company that was honored as a Technology Pioneer for 2006 by the World Economic Forum. Keasling has succeeded in using synthetic biology to develop a yeast-based production scheme for precursors of the antimalarial drug artemisinin in work funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Keasling, Jay

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

340

Topologically Robust Transport of Photons in a Synthetic Gauge Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electronic transport in low dimensions through a disordered medium leads to localization. The addition of gauge fields to disordered media leads to fundamental changes in the transport properties. For example, chiral edge states can emerge in two-dimensional systems with a perpendicular magnetic field. Here, we implement a "synthetic'' gauge field for photons using silicon-on-insulator technology. By determining the distribution of transport properties, we confirm the localized transport in the bulk and the suppression of localization in edge states, using the "gold standard'' for localization studies. Our system provides a new platform to investigate transport properties in the presence of synthetic gauge fields, which is important both from the fundamental perspective of studying photonic transport and for applications in classical and quantum information processing.

Mittal, S; Faez, S; Migdall, A; Taylor, J M; Hafezi, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores mimic key features of natural pores By Tona Kunz * July 17, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint Scientists have overcome key design hurdles to expand the potential uses of nanopores and nanotubes. The creation of smart nanotubes with selective mass transport opens up a wider range of applications for water purification, chemical separation and fighting disease. Nanopores and their rolled up version, nanotubes, consist of atoms bonded to each other in a hexagonal pattern to create an array of nanometer-scale openings or channels. This structure creates a filter that can be sized to select which molecules and ions pass into drinking water or into a cell. The same filter technique can limit the release of chemical by-products

342

A DNA Nanostructure Platform for Directed Assembly of Synthetic Vaccines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A DNA Nanostructure Platform for Directed Assembly of Synthetic Vaccines ... Here we report the design and synthesis of a 1,669-nucleotide, single-stranded DNA mol. ... These DL-DNAs induced greater amts. of tumor necrosis factor-? and interleukin-6 from RAW264.7 macrophage-like cells than did a mixt. of Y-DNA with the same sequences as the corresponding DL-DNA. ...

Xiaowei Liu; Yang Xu; Tao Yu; Craig Clifford; Yan Liu; Hao Yan; Yung Chang

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

343

The stability and chemical modification of synthetically useful enzymes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STABILITY AND CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF SYNTHETICALLY USEFUL ENZYMES A Thesis by GORDON LEE SMITH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1988 Major Subject: Chemistry THE STABILITY AND CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF STATICALLY USEFUL ENZYMES A Thesis by GORDON LEE SMITH Approved as to style and content by: Chi-Huey ong (Chairman of Committee) A. Ian Scott (Member) B. J...

Smith, Gordon Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Composition-dependent Topological  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Synthetic Antimicrobial Oligomers Induce Composition-dependent Topological Transition in Membranes The development of bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics is a major public health concern. For example, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) have emerged as common nosocomial (hospital-originating) infections. Circumvention of such resistance may be possi ble by emulating host defense antimicrobial peptides (AMP's), which are found in a broad range of species and have broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. These AMP's have two structural motifs in common: they are cationic and amphipathic. It is thought that electro static interactions facilitate association of the peptide with the anionic bacterial membrane and amphiphilic interactions act to form pores in the bacterial membrane, leading to cell death. Thus, AMP's target generic characteristics common to the mem branes of many pathogenic species, and resistance to such natural defences evolves much more slowly than for conventional antibiotics. The exact molecular mechanisms by which membrane pores are formed are still not fully understood, although three major models ('barrel-stave', 'toroidal pore', 'carpet') have been proposed. Moreover, these models do not ex haustively cover all possibilities, as AMP activity is not always correlated with the loss of a permeability barrier. Understanding the structural tenden cies generated in antimicrobial-membrane interactions is an essential step to elucidating such molecular mechanisms and therefore to the pre dictive design of synthetic AMP analogs.

345

Better practices and synthetic fluid improve drilling rates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved drilling practices, combined with the use of olefin-based synthetic drilling fluids, have dramatically reduced drilling time and costs in a difficult drilling area in the Gulf of Mexico. In the South Pass area, Marathon Oil Co. and other operators have had wells with long drilling times and high costs. In addition to the two wells with record penetration rates, routine drilling rates have also increased from the use of synthetic mud and careful drilling practices. Through application of these improved drilling practices, 2,000--3,000 ft/day can be drilled routinely. Marathon achieves this goal by applying the experience gained on previous wells, properly training and involving the crews, and using innovative drilling systems. Improved drilling practices and systems are just one part of successful, efficient drilling. Rig site personnel are major contributors to safely and successfully drilling at high penetration rates for extended periods. The on site personnel must act as a team and have the confidence and proper mental attitude about what is going on downhole. The paper describes the drilling history in the South Pass area, the synthetic drilling fluid used, cuttings handling, hole cleaning, drilling practices, bottom hole assemblies, and lost circulation.

White, W. (Marathon Oil Co., Lafayette, LA (United States)); McLean, A.; Park, S. (M-I Drilling Fluids, Houston, TX (United States))

1995-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

346

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Method for producing and regenerating a synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for producing a synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor by feeding a mixture of finely divided silica and at least one finely divided calcium compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate to a fluidized bed; operating the fluidized bed at suitable conditions to produce pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor and recovering the pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor from the fluidized bed. Optionally, spent synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor can be charged to the fluidized bed to produce regenerated pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor. 1 fig.

Lancet, M. S.; Curran, G. P.; Gorin, E.

1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

348

Method for producing and regenerating a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for producing a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor by feeding a mixture of finely divided silica and at least one finely divided calcium compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate to a fluidized bed; operating the fluidized bed at suitable conditions to produce pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor and recovering the pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor from the fluidized bed. Optionally, spent synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor can be charged to the fluidized bed to produce regenerated pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor.

Lancet, Michael S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Curran, George P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Gorin, Everett (San Rafael, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Fiber Delivery of mid-IR lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiber optics for the visible to near infrared (NIR) wavelength regimes (i.e. = 0.42 {mu}m) have proven to be extremely useful for a myriad of applications such as telecommunications, illumination, and sensors because they enable convenient, compact, and remote delivery of laser beams. Similarly, there is a need for fiber optics operating at longer wavelengths. For example, systems operating in the mid-IR regime (i.e., = 314 {mu}m) are being developed to detect trace molecular species with far-reaching applications, such as detecting explosives on surfaces, pollutants in the environment, and biomarkers in the breath of a patient. Furthermore, with the increasing availability of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) which are semiconductor lasers that operate in the mid-IR regime additional uses are rapidly being developed. Here, we describe the development of hollow-core fibers for delivery of high-quality mid-IR laser beams across a broad spectral range.

Kriesel, J.M.; Gat, N.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Myers, Tanya L.; Bledt, Carlos M.; Harrington, James P.

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hot Springs-Garrison Fiber Optic Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is proposing to upgrade its operational telecommunications system between the Hot Springs Substation and the Garrison Substation using a fiber optic system. The project would primarily involve installing 190 kilometers (120 miles) of fiber optic cable on existing transmission structures and installing new fiber optic equipment in BPA`s substation yards and control houses. BPA prepared an environmental assessment (EA) evaluating the proposed action. This EA was published in October 1994. The EA identifies a number of minor impacts that might occur as a result of the proposed action, as well as some recommended mitigation measures. This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) identifies specific measures to avoid, minimize, or compensate for impacts identified in the EA.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Carbon Fiber Damage in Particle Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon fibers are commonly used as moving targets in beam wire scanners. The heating of the fiber due to energy loss of the particles travelling through is simulated with Geant4. The heating induced by the beam electromagnetic field is estimated with ANSYS. The heat transfer and sublimation processes are modelled. Due to the model nonlinearity, a numerical approach based on discretization of the wire movement is used to solve it for particular beams. Radiation damage to the fiber is estimated with SRIM. The model is tested with available SPS and LEP data and a dedicated damage test on the SPS beam is performed followed by a post-mortem analysis of the wire remnants. Predictions for the LHC beams are made.

Dehning, B; Kroyer, T; Meyer, M; Sapinski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Extraction of hemicelluloses from fiberized spruce wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel mechanical pre-treatment method was used to separate the wood chips into fiber bundles in order to extract high molecular weight wood polymers. The mechanical pre-treatment involved chip compression in a conical plug-screw followed by defibration in a fiberizer. The fiberized wood was treated with hot water at various combinations of time and temperature in order to analyze the extraction yield of hemicelluloses at different conditions. Nearly 6 mg/g wood of galactoglucomannan was obtained at 90 °C/120 min which was about three times more than what could be extracted from wood chips. The extracted carbohydrates had molecular weight ranging up to 60 kDa. About 10% of each of the extracted material had a molecular weight above 30 kDa. The extraction liquor could also be reused for consecutive extractions with successive increase in the extraction yield of hemicelluloses.

Shoaib Azhar; Gunnar Henriksson; Hans Theliander; Mikael E. Lindström

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Interlayer toughening of fiber composite flywheel rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An interlayer toughening mechanism to mitigate the growth of damage in fiber composite flywheel rotors for long application. The interlayer toughening mechanism may comprise one or more tough layers composed of high-elongation fibers, high-strength fibers arranged in a woven pattern at a range from 0.degree. to 90.degree. to the rotor axis and bound by a ductile matrix material which adheres to and is compatible with the materials used for the bulk of the rotor. The number and spacing of the tough interlayers is a function of the design requirements and expected lifetime of the rotor. The mechanism has particular application in uninterruptable power supplies, electrical power grid reservoirs, and compulsators for electric guns, as well as electromechanical batteries for vehicles.

Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Development of Fiber Bragg Grating Strain, Thermal, and Magnetic Sensors for Smart Structure Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fiber Bragg gratings,” Troutdale, OR, USA, 1996, pp. 24-in AD072 fibercore fiber,” Troutdale, OR, USA, 1998, pp. 79-

Emmons, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Optimal Design Refrigeration System for a Mucilage Glue Fiber Factory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a mucilage glue fiber factory, the design of the refrigeration system takes into account the characteristics of mucilage glue fiber production and fully uses the refrigeration compressor heat to economize energy and reduce the production cost...

Tan, C.; Liu, J.; Tang, F.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Overview 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010...

357

Indentation experiments on silica optical fibers Bochien Lin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fibers, the intrinsic strength seems close to "perfect" 1 Currently, the standard subcritical crack water, fibers exhibit a lower value of n at low applied stress/long time to failure which shows

Matthewson, M. John

358

Natural fiber reinforced aerated concrete : an experimental investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study is to compare existing research with aerated concrete and fiber reinforcement to original experiments completed investigating the benefits of adding natural fiber tensile reinforcement to aerated ...

Garbis, Leonidia Maria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Environmentally benign scouring of wool fibers using mesophile acidic lipase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Surfaces of raw wool fibers possess high amounts of greasy substances...Bacillus licheniformis...(MTCC 2618) were produced with the optimum activity levels closer to the room temperature. Scouring of wool fibers ...

D. Saravanan; C. A. Anusuya; Bharathi B. Divya; M. Usha

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Photosensitivity of optical fibers with extremely high germanium concentration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Writing and thermal annealing of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in an optical fiber containing 75 mol.% GeO2 in the core have been studied by analyzing the first three...

Medvedkov, Oleg I; Vasiliev, Sergei A; Gnusin, Pavel I; Dianov, Evgeny M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Graphene-clad tapered fiber: effective nonlinearity and propagation losses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive a pulse propagation equation for a graphene-clad optical fiber, treating the optical response of the graphene and nonlinearity of the dielectric fiber core as perturbations...

Gorbach, A V; Marini, A; Skryabin, D V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process J. Z. Lu,1 Q. Wu,1 I. I parameters for the wood-fiber/high-density-polyethylene blends at 60 rpm were a temperature of 180°C

363

Microsoft Word - LSN_FiberInstall_CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Lightspeed Network's Fiber Installation near Pilot Butte Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 Fiber...

364

Atmospheric plasma advantages for mohair fibers in textile applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, mohair fibers were treated by air and argon plasma for modifying some properties of fibers. The ... SEM images. The results showed that the atmospheric plasma has an etching effect and increases th...

Asl Demir

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Enriched arabinoxylan in corn fiber for value-added products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-step process is evaluated to separate the hexose component in wet milling corn fibers from the pentose component for production of value-added products. Corn fibers were first pretreated with hot water ... ...

Bin Wang; Biao Cheng; Hao Feng

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical fiber sensors and their multiplexing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intrinsic Fabry-Perot optical sensor includes a thin film sandwiched between two fiber ends. When light is launched into the fiber, two reflections are generated at the two fiber/thin film interfaces due to a difference in refractive indices between the fibers and the film, giving rise to the sensor output. In another embodiment, a portion of the cladding of a fiber is removed, creating two parallel surfaces. Part of the evanescent fields of light propagating in the fiber is reflected at each of the surfaces, giving rise to the sensor output. In a third embodiment, the refractive index of a small portion of a fiber is changed through exposure to a laser beam or other radiation. Interference between reflections at the ends of the small portion give rise to the sensor output. Multiple sensors along a single fiber are multiplexed using an optical time domain reflectometry method.

Wang, Anbo (Blacksburg, VA)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the World's First 3D-Printed Vehicle at IMTS 2014 SABIC's Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the World's...

368

Fatigue Enhancement of a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Nanocomposite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary objective of the present investigation is to study the fatigue characteristics of a woven carbon fiber reinforced polymer which has been modified with either amine or fluorine functionalized carbon nanotubes on the fiber-matrix interface...

Wilkerson, Justin W.

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Graphene passively Q-switched two-micron fiber lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a passively Q-switched thulium fiber laser, using a graphene-based saturable absorber. The laser is based on an all-fiber ring cavity and produces ~2.3?s pulses at...

Wang, Fengqiu; Torrisi, Felice; Jiang, Zhe; Popa, Daniel; Hasan, Tawfique; Sun, Zhipei; Cho, Wonbae; Ferrari, Andrea C

370

Femtosecond accumulated photon echo in Er-doped fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of accumulated photon echo in Er-doped fibers. We also demonstrate time reversal and autoconvolution of femtosecond pulses, which suggest that Er-doped fibers...

da Silva, V L; Silberberg, Y; Heritage, J P; Chase, E W; Saifi, M A; Andrejco, M J

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Vibration-insensitive fiber-optic current sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of the electric current with an optical fiber sensor can be made insensitive to external vibrations that act on the leading fiber by using a circuit involving a...

Pistoni, Natale C; Martinelli, Mario

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Triangularly phase-modulated optical fiber ring resonator sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical fiber ring resonatory sensor system has been demonstrated by applying a triangular phase modulation signal to a fiber loop. The dynamic range for detection of optical phase...

Chien, Pie-Yau; Pan, Ci-Ling

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Implementation of a fiber-optic delay-line memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction and operation of a 50-MHz 64 × 16 bit fiber-optic bit-serial delay-line memory is described. It consists of LiNbO3 directional coupler switches, fused-fiber...

Soukup, T J; Feuerstein, R J; Heuring, V P

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Manufacture of thermoelectric generator structures by fiber drawing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of manufacturing a thermoelectric generator via fiber drawing and corresponding or associated thermoelectric generator devices are provided.

McIntyre, Timothy J; Simpson, John T; West, David L

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

375

Photonic crystal fiber interferometer composed of a long period fiber grating and one point collapsing of air holes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an all-fiber interferometer fabricated with a single piece of an endless single-mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) by an electric arc discharge. By forming a long period...

Choi, Hae Young; Park, Kwan Seob; Lee, Byeong Ha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Fabrication of ultrafine carbon fibers possessing a nanoporous structure from electrospun polyvinyl alcohol fibers containing silica nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafine carbon fibers with a nanoporous structure were fabricated by the template method using silica nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in fibers of approximate diameter 500 nm, electrospun from an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol, CoCl2, ...

Koichi Sawada, Shinji Sakai, Masahito Taya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

HANSEN SOLUBILITY PARAMETERS FOR A CARBON FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HANSEN SOLUBILITY PARAMETERS FOR A CARBON FIBER/EPOXY COMPOSITE Hélène Launay* , Charles Medom demonstrated as appropriate for the study of interactions between the materials in composite carbon fiber. INTRODUCTION Fiber-reinforced composites are used in a wide range of applications where high stiffness

378

TRANSGENIC COTTON WITH IMPROVED FIBER MICRONAIRE, STRENGTH, AND LENGTH AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

483 TRANSGENIC COTTON WITH IMPROVED FIBER MICRONAIRE, STRENGTH, AND LENGTH AND INCREASED FIBER. Keating, N. G. Srinivas, C. Wu and A. S. Holaday Texas Tech University Lubbock, TX G. J. Jividen Cotton Incorporated Raleigh, NC Abstract We set out to use genetic engineering to make cotton crop yield and fiber

Strauss, Richard E.

379

ON THE GAGE FACTOR FOR OPTICAL FIBER GRATING STRAIN GAGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of grating and fiber types. KEY WORDS: Fiber-Optic Gratings, Fiber-Optic Sensors, Strain Gage Factor 1 theoretical background. Then, in Section 3, we discuss measurement methods followed by the experimental tests and results in Section 4, before concluding in Section 5. 2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND Consider an FBG fabricated

Park, Yong-Lae

380

CURE MONITORING AND SHM OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CURE MONITORING AND SHM OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER PART I : IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS-performance composite materials based on carbon fiber are increasingly used in critical security areas (aeronautics contains a conductor part (carbon fiber) and an insulator part (resin), a model of electrical conduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Hybrid carbon fiber composite lattice truss structures T. George a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid carbon fiber composite lattice truss structures T. George a, , V.S. Deshpande b , H June 2014 Accepted 14 June 2014 Available online 22 June 2014 Keywords: A. Carbon fiber A. Polymer­matrix composites (PMCs) D. Mechanical testing a b s t r a c t Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite

Wadley, Haydn

382

Polymer Communication Fibers from polypropylene/nano carbon ber composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymer Communication Fibers from polypropylene/nano carbon ®ber composites Satish Kumara,*, Harit Doshia , Mohan Srinivasaraoa , Jung O. Parka , David A. Schiraldib a School of Textile and Fiber in revised form 26 October 2001; accepted 31 October 2001 Abstract Fibers from polypropylene

Srinivasarao, Mohan

383

Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

Lee, Jong-Seo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF LIGHT PROPAGATING IN FIBER OPTICS ST´EPHANE LAFORTUNE Summary The study is crucial in applications such as lasers and optical fibers. In this proposal I will focus on a model of fiber optics: the Manakov system. This system consists of two differential equations, that is two

Kasman, Alex

385

A study of micro fiber dispersion using digital image analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this dissertation is to investigate the use of texture analysis as a tool to micro fiber dispersion measurement. Micro fiber dispersion can be found in many applications such as in paper and industry powder engineering. Three cases related to micro fiber...

Hendrarsakti, Jooned

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Method for the continuous processing of hermetic fiber optic components and the resultant fiber optic-to-metal components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components and method for making hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components by assembling and fixturing elements comprising a metal shell, a glass preform, and a metal-coated fiber optic into desired relative positions and then sealing said fixtured elements preferably using a continuous heating process. The resultant hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components exhibit high hermeticity and durability despite the large differences in thermal coefficients of expansion among the various elements.

Kramer, Daniel P. (Centerville, OH)

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

387

Analysis of White Matter Fiber Tracts via Fiber Clustering and Parametrization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coefficient" (ADC, trace of tensor) and the "fractional anisotropy" (FA, normalized elongation). Previous], scientific visualization [2] and fiber tracking [3,4,5,6,7,8]. Atlas building and comparison of subject

388

Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Germania-glass-based core silica glass cladding single-mode fibers (Delta n up to 0.143) with a minimum loss of 20 dB/km at 1.9 µm were fabricated by the modified chemical vapor...

Dianov, Evgeny M; Mashinsky, Valery M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Glass fiber channels laser light to robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glass fiber channels laser light to robot ... In a demonstration of the technique, a fiberoptic cable carried a laser beam of more than 10,000 W of peak power—400 W average—from a neodymiumyttrium- aluminum-garnet laser to an industrial robot more than 25 yards away. ...

1983-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dietary Fiber-mediated Mechanisms in Carcinogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...decreased availability of total dietary energy. Introduction The protective role of dietary...epithelial-cell renewal. Many pep- tide hormones have been shown to have trophic...colon. Dietary fiber may act to decrease energy availability (59) or act through some...

David M. Klurfeld

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Ribbon Fiber Laser-Theory and Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A scalable fiber laser approach is described based on phase-locking multiple gain cores in an antiguided structure. The waveguide is comprised of periodic sequences of gain- and no-gain-loaded segments having uniform index, within the cladding region. Initial experimental results are presented.

Beach, R J; Feit, M D; Brasure, L D; Payne, S A

2002-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

392

Fiber type, meal frequency and colonic cytokinetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of dietary fiber type (cellulose, pectin or oat bran) and meal frequency (gorge or nibble) on colonic short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), in vivo colonic pH and epithelial cell proliferation were examined in male Sprague-Dawley rats...

Zhang, Jianhu

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Highly Sensitive in Vitro Selections for DNA-Linked Synthetic Small Molecules with Protein Binding Affinity and Specificity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highly Sensitive in Vitro Selections for DNA-Linked Synthetic Small Molecules with Protein Binding oligonucleotides to corresponding synthetic molecules, either as a consequence of DNA-templated organic synthesis3 or as a result of conjugating DNA to synthetic molecules, in theory enables synthetic molecules to satisfy

Liu, David R.

394

Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts for the flexibility of the fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long glass fiber orientation in thermoplastic composites using a model that accounts Mechanical properties of long glass fiber composites, used in various industrial applications, are dependant are explored to predict the orientation of long glass fibers in the concentrated regime that take the flexible

Wapperom, Peter

395

Automating the purification and isolation of synthetic DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe the application of robotics to the purification and isolation of synthetic oligodeoxyribunucleotides. Starting with commercially available components, they have designed and programmed a robot based system that can isolate oligonucleotides from polyacrylamide gel slices, prepare oligonucleotides for purification by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and execute a rapid purification protocol on a disposable C-18 reverse phase column. Each operation has been fully automated, including evaporative centrifugation, such that the system can execute any two procedures simultaneously with a throughput of 12 samples in about six hours.

Jones, S.S.; Brown, J.E.; Vanstone, D.A.; Stone, D.K.; Brown, E.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from the project 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production', performed at five different full-scale commercial wallboard plants. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study has been to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere at wallboard manufacturing plants when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project has been co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope included seven discrete tasks, each including a test conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different wet FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a base-case test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5,could not be conducted as planned and instead was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3. Subsequently an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced from the Task 5 FGD system, but with an additive expected to impact the stability of mercury, so Task 6 was added to the project. Finally, Task 7 was added to evaluate synthetic gypsum produced at a power plant from an additional coal type. In the project, process stacks in the wallboard plant were sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. In every task, the stack locations sampled included a gypsum dryer and a gypsum calciner. In Tasks 1 and 4 through 7, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. These results and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. The results from the project showed a wide range of percentage mercury losses from the synthetic gypsum feedstocks as measured by the Ontario Hydro method at the process stacks, ranging from 2% to 55% of the mercury in the gypsum feedstock. For the tasks exceeding 10% mercury loss across the wallboard plant, most of the loss occurred across the gypsum calciner. When total wallboard emissions remained below 10%, the primary emission location varied with a much less pronounced difference in emission between the gypsum dryer, calciner and board dryer. For all seven tasks, the majority of the mercury emissions were measured to be in the elemental form (Hg{sup 0}). Overall, the measured mercury loss mass rates ranged from 0.01 to 0.17 grams of mercury per dry ton of synthetic gypsum processed, or 0.01 to 0.4 pounds of mercury released per million square feet of wallboard produced from synthetic gypsum. The Coal Combustion Product Production and Use Survey from the American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) indicate that 7,579,187 short tons of synthetic gypsum were used for wallboard production in 2006. Extrapolating the results of this study to the ACAA industry usage rate, we estimate that mercury releases from wallboard production plants in 2006 ranged between 150 to 3000 pounds for the entire U.S. wallboard industry. With only seven sets of wallboard plant measurements, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions about what variables impact the mercury loss percentages across the wallboard plants. One significant o

Jessica Sanderson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

Frequency domain computation of synthetic vertical seismic profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the artifacts in the time function. The algorithm fails when the total attenuation xfx/Qv is so large that underflow occurs. For this model and multi-precision computation the failure point of the algorithm occurs when sfx/Qv is about 30. Synthetic VSPs were... in Figure 6c. The relative amplitude between events Al and A2 at interface 1 has been checked against the theoretical expression: Amp(A2)/Amp(A') = [(r /r )-r r ]exp[ (~f0/Qv)2x] = -1. 2693 exp(-0. 050265f ). 0 (28) This formula is the exact expression...

Wu, Ru-Chuan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

398

Single-mode fiber, velocity interferometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a velocity interferometer system based entirely on single-mode fiber optics. This paper includes a description of principles used in developing the single-mode velocity interferometry system (SMV). The SMV design is based on polarization-insensitive components. Polarization adjusters are included to eliminate the effects of residual birefringence and polarization dependent losses in the interferometers. Characterization measurements and calibration methods needed for data analysis and a method of data analysis are described. Calibration is performed directly using tunable lasers. During development, we demonstrated its operation using exploding-foil bridge-wire fliers up to 200 m/s. In a final test, we demonstrated the SMV in a gas gun experiment up to 1.2 km/sec. As a basis for comparison in the gas gun experiment, we used another velocimetry technique that is also based on single-mode fiber optics: photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV). For the gas gun experiment, we split the light returned from a single target spot and performed a direct comparison of the homodyne (SMV) and heterodyne (PDV) techniques concurrently. The two techniques had a negligible mean difference and a 1.5% standard deviation in the one-dimensional shock zone. Within one interferometer delay time after a sudden Doppler shift, a SMV unencumbered by multimode-fiber dispersion exhibits two color beats. These beats have the same period as PDV beats--this interference occurs between the ''recently'' shifted and ''formerly unshifted'' paths within the interferometer. We believe that recognizing this identity between homodyne and heterodyne beats is novel in the shock-physics field. SMV includes the conveniences of optical fiber, while removing the time resolution limitations associated with the multimode delivery fiber.

Krauter, K. G.; Jacobson, G. F.; Patterson, J. R.; Nguyen, J. H.; Ambrose, W. P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore California 94551 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Carbon Fiber Production from a Kraft Hardwood Lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lignin is a renewable resource material that is being evaluated for the low cost production of carbon fiber for automotive and other applications. Solvent extraction of a commercial hardwood lignin product yielded a purified lignin free of the contaminants typical of lignins derived from the Kraft chemical pulping of wood. The purified lignin was highly melt-spinnable into fibers, from which carbon fiber was subsequently produced. The lignin has been evaluated in terms of its rheological properties, fiber melt spinning ability, and potential for manufacture of low cost carbon fiber without the need for plasticizing agents or chemical modifications.

Baker, Darren A [ORNL; Gallego, Nidia C [ORNL; Baker, Frederick S [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Method of producing a hybrid matrix fiber composite  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hybrid matrix fiber composites having enhanced compressive performance as well as enhanced stiffness, toughness and durability suitable for compression-critical applications. The methods for producing the fiber composites using matrix hybridization. The hybrid matrix fiber composites comprised of two chemically or physically bonded matrix materials, whereas the first matrix materials are used to impregnate multi-filament fibers formed into ribbons and the second matrix material is placed around and between the fiber ribbons that are impregnated with the first matrix material and both matrix materials are cured and solidified.

Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Lyon, Richard E. (Absecon, NJ); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Lab Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Fiber for Better Products Better Fiber for Better Products Lab Breakthrough: Better Fiber for Better Products May 2, 2012 - 9:47am Addthis Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have developed a cost-effective method for the continuous production of alpha silicon carbide fiber. The exceptionally strong, lightweight fiber could enable significant performance improvements in many everyday products. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What could Alpha Silicon Carbide Fibers produce? Lighter and longer-lasting vehicle body structures that are 3 to 6 times stronger than those using steel. Utilities could deploy lighter, stronger power lines. Idaho National Laboratory researcher John Garnier recently took some time to explain how the carbon fibers he and George Griffith invented could

402

Production of Bio-Synthetic Natural Gas in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The land area within 100 km of Canada’s network of natural gas pipelines was estimated to be capable of producing 67?210 Mt of dry lignocellulosic biomass per year with minimal adverse impacts on food and fiber production. ... Although predicted production costs ($17?21 GJ?1) were much higher than current energy prices, a value for low-carbon energy would narrow the price differential. ... The competition between these cost factors leads to an optimum size at which the cost of energy produced from biomass is minimized. ...

Kevork Hacatoglu; P. James McLellan; David B. Layzell

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

403

A comparison of spotlight synthetic aperture radar image formation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spotlight synthetic aperture radar images can be formed from the complex phase history data using two main techniques: (1) polar-to-cartesian interpolation followed by two-dimensional inverse Fourier transform (2DFFT), and (2) convolution backprojection (CBP). CBP has been widely used to reconstruct medical images in computer aided tomography, and only recently has been applied to form synthetic aperture radar imagery. It is alleged that CBP yields higher quality images because (1) all the Fourier data are used and (2) the polar formatted data is used directly to form a 2D Cartesian image and therefore 2D interpolation is not required. This report compares the quality of images formed by CBP and several modified versions of the 2DFFT method. We show from an image quality point of view that CBP is equivalent to first windowing the phase history data and then interpolating to an exscribed rectangle. From a mathematical perspective, we should expect this conclusion since the same Fourier data are used to form the SAR image. We next address the issue of parallel implementation of each algorithm. We dispute previous claims that CBP is more readily parallelizable than the 2DFFT method. Our conclusions are supported by comparing execution times between massively parallel implementations of both algorithms, showing that both experience similar decreases in computation time, but that CBP takes significantly longer to form an image.

Knittle, C.D.; Doren, N.E.; Jakowatz, C.V.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Original formulation of spatially variant anodization for complex synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery oversampled at twice the Nyquist rate (2.OX). Here we report a spatially interpolating, noninteger-oversampled SVA sidelobe. The pixel's apparent IPR location is assessed by comparing its value to the sum of its value plus weighted comparable for exact interpolation. However, exact interpolation implies an ideal sine interpolator3 and large components may not be necessary. Note that P is the summation of IPR diagonal values. The value of a sine IPR on the diagonals is a sine-squared; values much less than cardinal direction (m, n) values. This implies that cardinal direction interpolation requires higher precision than diagonal interpolation. Consequently, we employed a smaller set. The spatially interpolated SVA used an 8-point/4-point sine interpolator described above. Table 1 shows the Table 1 results show a two-times speed-up using the 1.3x oversampled and spatially interpolated SVA over the Figure 1d. Detected results of 1.3x oversampled sine interpolated spatially variant

Eichel, Paul H.; Jakowatz, Jr., Charles V.; Yocky, David A.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

405

Synthetic Generation of Social Network Data With Endorsements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In many simulation studies involving networks there is the need to rely on a sample network to perform the simulation experiments. In many cases, real network data is not available due to privacy concerns. In that case we can recourse to synthetic data sets with similar properties to the real data. In this paper we discuss the problem of generating synthetic data sets for a certain kind of online social network, for simulation purposes. Some popular online social networks, such as LinkedIn and ResearchGate, allow user endorsements for specific skills. For each particular skill, the endorsements give rise to a directed subgraph of the corresponding network, where the nodes correspond to network members or users, and the arcs represent endorsement relations. Modelling these endorsement digraphs can be done by formulating an optimization problem, which is amenable to different heuristics. Our construction method consists of two stages: The first one simulates the growth of the network, and the second one solves ...

Pérez-Rosés, Hebert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Synthesis, Structure, and Photochemistry of Exceptionally Stable Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbene Diether Linkers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis, Structure, and Photochemistry of Exceptionally Stable Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbene Diether Linkers ... Bis(oligonucleotide) conjugates with synthetic linkers connecting short complementary oligonucleotides are known to form synthetic DNA or RNA hairpins which are, in some cases, more stable than natural hairpins possessing nucleotide linkers.1 Letsinger and Wu2 reported the use of a stilbenedicarboxamide (Sa, Chart 1) linker which formed stable hairpin structures possessing as few as three T:A or two G:C base pairs. ... The ability of the Sa linker to serve as an electron acceptor has been exploited in our studies of hole injection and migration processes in synthetic DNA hairpins. ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Yansheng Wu; Xiaoyang Liu

2002-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp synthetic flux Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flux Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp synthetic flux Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A genetically encoded fluorescent reporter...

408

Feasibility of Steam Hydrogasification of Microalgae for Production of Synthetic Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gasifier Intermediate products Low Energy Gas Final product Power Steam Gas Synthetic Liquids Spark and diesel engines Process Heat & Power Medium &

Suemanotham, Amornrat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Effect of synthetic conditions on the properties of methyltrimethoxysilane-based aerogels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of synthetic conditions on the properties of methyltrimethoxysilane-based aerogels is reported. All of the aerogels are hydrophobic and can efficiently adsorb organic...

S. A. Lermontov; N. A. Sipyagina; A. N. Malkova…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Use of Waste Materials from the Production of Synthetic Rubber for Preparing Aluminosilicate Ceramics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aluminum-silicon-chromium powder (ASC) extracted from waste gases in synthetic rubber production is used as an addition to kaolin-...

V. N. Antsiferov; T. S. Golodnova; S. E. Porozova…

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A new technology for producing synthetic liquid hydrocarbons from gaseous hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conventional technologies of synthetic liquid fuels (SLF) production from gaseous hydrocarbons by producing synthesis ... liquid hydrocarbons are examined. A high-efficiency SLF production technology that allows ...

D. L. Astanovskii; L. Z. Astanovskii; A. L. Lapidus

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Uncertainty in synthetic biology for release and possibilities for regulation under the Toxic Substances Control Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emerging field of synthetic biology is developing rapidly and promises diverse applications. Many anticipated applications, particularly those involving release of engineered microbes into the environment or human ...

Lightfoot, Shlomiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Kent and Riegel's Handbook of industrial chemistry and biotechnology. 11th ed.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook provides extensive information on plastics, rubber, adhesives, textile fibers, pharmaceutical chemistry, synthetic organic chemicals, soaps and detergents, as well as various other major classes of industrial chemistry. There is detailed coverage of coal utilization technology, dyes and dye intermediates, chlor-alkali and heavy chemicals, paints and pigments, chemical explosives, propellants, petroleum and petrochemicals, natural gas, industrial gases, synthetic nitrogen products, fats and oils, sulfur and sulfuric acid, phosphorous and phosphates, wood products, and sweeteners. The chapter on coal is entitled: coal technology for power, liquid fuels and chemicals. 100 ills.

Kent, James A. (ed.)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from Task 6 of the study 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope now includes six discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to include testing with an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. Subsequent to conducting Task 5 under these revised conditions, an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced at the same FGD system, but with an additive (Degussa Corporation's TMT-15) being used in the FGD system. TMT-15 was expected to impact the stability of mercury in synthetic gypsum used to produce wallboard, so Task 6 was added to the project to test this theory. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. For every task, the stack locations sampled have included a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. For Tasks 1, 4, 5 and 6, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 6 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower limestone forced oxidation FGD system, with the forced oxidation conducted in the reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, and the SCR was in service during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. Also, as mentioned above, Degussa additive TMT-15 was being added to the FGD system when this gypsum was produced. The results of the Task 6 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 55% of the incoming mercury was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as about 4% across the dryer mill, 6% across the board dryer kiln, and 45% across the kettle calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 5 results showed on a percentage basis, but about 30% lower on a mass basis. The same power plant FGD system produced the synthetic gypsum used in Task 5 (with no use of TMT-15) and in Task 6 (with TMT-15 added to the FGD system). The lower emissions on a mass basis appeared

Jessica Sanderson; Gary M. Blythe; Mandi Richardson

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Multi-watt 589nm fiber laser source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 3.5W of 589nm light from a fiber laser using periodically poled stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate (PPSLT) as the frequency conversion crystal. The system employs 938nm and 1583nm fiber lasers, which were sum-frequency mixed in PPSLT to generate 589nm light. The 938nm fiber laser consists of a single frequency diode laser master oscillator (200mW), which was amplified in two stages to >15W using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers. The fiber amplifiers operate at 938nm and minimize amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing a specialty fiber design, which maximizes the core size relative to the cladding diameter. This design allows the 3-level laser system to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the competing 1088nm 4-level laser transition. At 15W, the 938nm laser has an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >15:1). The 1583nm fiber laser consists of a Koheras 1583nm fiber DFB laser that is pre-amplified to 100mW, phase modulated and then amplified to 14W in a commercial IPG fiber amplifier. As a part of our research efforts we are also investigating pulsed laser formats and power scaling of the 589nm system. We will discuss the fiber laser design and operation as well as our results in power scaling at 589nm.

DAWSON, J W; DROBSHOFF, A D; BEACH, R J; MESSERLY, M J; PAYNE, S A; BROWN, A; PENNINGTON, D M; BAMFORD, D J; SHARPE, S J; COOK, D J

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Growing Crystaline Sapphire Fibers By Laser Heated Pedestal Techiques  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved system and process for growing crystal fibers comprising a means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area, means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material located within a fiber growth chamber to form molten feed material, means to support a seed fiber above the molten feed material, means to translate the seed fiber towards and away from the molten feed material so that the seed fiber can make contact with the molten feed material, fuse to the molten feed material and then be withdrawn away from the molten feed material whereby the molten feed material is drawn off in the form of a crystal fiber. The means for creating a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area includes transforming a previously generated laser beam having a conventional gaussian intensity profile through its cross sectional area into a laser beam having a substantially constant intensity profile through its cross sectional area by passing the previously generated laser beam through a graded reflectivity mirror. The means for directing the laser beam at a portion of solid feed material is configured to direct the laser beam at a target zone which contains the molten feed material and a portion of crystal fiber drawn off the molten feed material by the seed fiber. The means to support the seed fiber above the molten feed material is positioned at a predetermined height above the molten feed material. This predetermined height provides the seed fiber with sufficient length and sufficient resiliency so that surface tension in the molten feed material can move the seed fiber to the center of the molten feed material irrespective of where the seed fiber makes contact with the molten feed material. The internal atmosphere of the fiber growth chamber is composed substantially of Helium gas.

Phomsakha, Vongvilay (St. Petersburg, FL); Chang, Robert S. F. (Tampa, FL); Djeu, Nicholas I. (Tampa, FL)

1997-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

418

Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The size and cost of fabricating fiber optic pressure sensors is reduced by fabricating the membrane of the sensor in a non-planar shape. The design of the sensors may be made in such a way that the non-planar membrane becomes a part of an air-tight cavity, so as to make the membrane resilient due to the air-cushion effect of the air-tight cavity. Such non-planar membranes are easier to make and attach.

Sheem, Sang K. (Pleasanton, CA)

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

419

Optical fiber sensors for smart materials characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical and optical fiber methods may be used to characterize materials and structures. Their advantages for such applications include their immunity to electromagnetic interference, high sensitivity, resolution and dynamic range, and ability to operate in harsh environmental conditions. This paper describes the application of such methods to the characterization of smart materials and structures during their fabrication, in-service lifetime, and damage and degradation.

Claus, R.O. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fiber Optics and Expanded Beam Termini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and claddingcore and cladding Core: inner cylinder of doped glass (i.e. Ge); 9, 50, 62.5 m diameter Cladding: outer.5m / 62.5 m corem core Laser OptimizedLaser Optimized POFPOF ­­ Plastic Optical Fiber ·Cladding ­ 125 m ·Acrylate ­ 250 m ·PVC Buffer ­ 900 m ·Aramyd Yarn (Kevlar) ·Outer Jacket ­ 2, 3mm

La Rosa, Andres H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DNA hydration studied by neutron fiber diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of neutron high angle fiber diffraction to investigate the location of water around the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-helix is described. The power of the technique is illustrated by its application to the D and A conformations of DNA using the single crystal diffractometer, D19, at the Institute Laue-Langevin, Grenoble and the time of flight diffractometer, SXD, at the Rutherford Appleton ISIS Spallation Neutron Source. These studies show the existence of bound water closely associated with the DNA. The patterns of hydration in these two DNA conformations are quite distinct and are compared to those observed in X-ray single crystal studies of two-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides. Information on the location of water around the DNA double-helix from the neutron fiber diffraction studies is combined with that on the location of alkali metal cations from complementary X-ray high angle fiber diffraction studies at the Daresbury Laboratory SRS using synchrotron radiation. These analyses emphasize the importance of viewing DNA, water and ions as a single system with specific interactions between the three components and provide a basis for understanding the effect of changes in the concentration of water and ions in inducing conformations] transitions in the DNA double-helix.

Fuller, W.; Forsyth, V.T.; Mahendrasingam, A.; Langan, P.; Pigram, W.J. [Keele Univ. (United Kingdom)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Improved practices, synthetic mud drive record 24-hr drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Revised and improved drilling practices resulted in increased rate of penetration (ROP), improved hole cleaning, decreased circulating time, fewer instances of stuck pipe and reduced total drilling days. Rig equipment modifications and optimized techniques, combined with olefin-based synthetic fluid, produced significant efficiency improvements and cost reductions. Total-project strategy allows best technologies to be used, even if they are not low bid. In the Gulf of Mexico, a total-project concept helped Marathon drill back-to-back record 24-hr footages. Methods and philosophy described in this article allow drillers to choose optimum technologies, tools, materials and service performance for achieving optimum or lowest cost per foot rather than always using low bid.

Collins, G.J. [Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States); White, W.W. [Marathon Oil Co., Lafayette, LA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Synthetic fuels technology overview with health and environmental impacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An introduction is presented to the following synthetic fuels technologies: (1) the Lurgi gasification of coal (2) the Fischer-Tropsch liquefaction of coal (3) coal-methanol conversion (4) donor solvent gas liquefaction (5) Tosco surface shale retorting ethanol production from coal and (6) the coal-methanol-gasoline conversion process. After establishing the system characteristics of these six technologies, consideration is given to their potential major health, safety, environmental and socio-economic impacts at the global, regional and local levels. It is determined that the main global consequence of synfuels development is climate modification, to which may be added the regional impact of dry and wet deposition of gaseous and particulate pollutants, and land and water quality deterioration due to soil erosion at the local level.

Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Salmon, E.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12/22/2000 State of Art Fiber Optic 1 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES George G. Karady Fiber Optic 2 UTILITY APPLICATION OF FIBER OPTIC CABLES Utilities are installing fiber optic cables on high voltage transmission lines. Three basic designs employed are: · 1) OPGW (optical ground wire) · 2

425

Microsoft Word - Bell-BoundaryFiber_CX_2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Amanda Williams Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Bell-Boundary Fiber Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 - Fiber optic cable Location: Spokane and Pend Orielle counties, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to install new fiber optic line along 90 miles of existing BPA transmission lines in Spokane and Pend Orielle counties in Washington (see Figure 1). It would extend from Bell Substation in Spokane, WA to Boundary Substation 8 miles north of Metaline Falls, WA. The fiber would be strung on the Bell-Boundary No. 1 transmission line and run through Sacheen and Cusick substations along the route. BPA would install overhead fiber optic cable on existing towers or on fiber optic wood poles where

426

Spectrally tailored supercontinuum generation from single-mode-fiber amplifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectral filtering of an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser was demonstrated effective for broadband supercontinuum generation in the picosecond time region. The picosecond pump pulses were tailored in spectrum with 1 nm band-pass filter installed between two single-mode fiber amplifiers. By tuning the spectral filter around 1028?nm, four-wave mixing was initiated in a photonic crystal fiber spliced with single-mode fiber, as manifested by the simultaneous generation of Stokes wave at 1076?nm and anti-Stokes wave at 984?nm. Four-wave mixing took place in cascade with the influence of stimulated Raman scattering and eventually extended the output spectrum more than 900?nm of 10?dB bandwidth. This technique allows smooth octave supercontinuum generation by using simple single-mode fiber amplifiers rather than complicated multistage large-mode-area fiber amplifiers.

Hao, Qiang; Guo, Zhengru; Zhang, Qingshan [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); Liu, Yang; Li, Wenxue [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China); Zeng, Heping, E-mail: hpzeng@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

427

R2oDNA Designer: Computational Design of Biologically Neutral Synthetic DNA Sequences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

R2oDNA Designer: Computational Design of Biologically Neutral Synthetic DNA Sequences ... As the cost of whole gene synthesis is decreasing, whole genome synthesis at the other end of the spectrum has expanded our horizons to the prospect of fully engineered synthetic cells. ...

Arturo Casini; Georgia Christodoulou; Paul S. Freemont; Geoff S. Baldwin; Tom Ellis; James T. MacDonald

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Estimation of Probe Cell Locations in High-density Synthetic-oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Probe Cell Locations in High-density Synthetic-oligonucleotide DNA Microarrays Harry Institute, Durham, NC 27710 1 #12;High-density synthetic-oligonucliotide DNA microarrays (HSDMs), which area required to hybridise an RNA sample to DNA probes. On an HSDM surface, hundreds of thousands

West, Mike

429

A synthetic peptide with estrogen-like activity derived from a phage-display peptide library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A synthetic peptide with estrogen-like activity derived from a phage- display peptide library. ER and ER exhibit a high degree of homology at the DNA binding domain (97%) whereas at the ligand agonists or antagonists are mainly synthetic compounds prepared by modifications that retain the core

Kasher, Roni

430

Orthogonal Control of Endogenous Gene Expression in Mammalian Cells Using Synthetic Ligands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE Orthogonal Control of Endogenous Gene Expression in Mammalian Cells Using Synthetic Ligands South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 ABSTRACT: Gene switches have wide utility in synthetic-finger DNA binding domain (DBD). Our gene switch is specifically and reversibly con- trolled by 4

Zhao, Huimin

431

Synthetic Biology Slides by Daisuke KigaSlides by Daisuke Kiga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12; DNA RNA #12;Synthetic Biology Slides by Daisuke KigaSlides by Daisuke Kiga #12;Two #12; DNA RNA DNA DNA #12; DNA RNA DNA DNA #12; DNA RNA DNA DNA translation DNAamino acid translation signal transduction rhythm RNA protein nucleotide Synthetic Biology #12

Hagiya, Masami

432

Analysis of Combinatorial cis-Regulation in Synthetic and Genomic Promoters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Combinatorial cis-Regulation in Synthetic and Genomic Promoters Jason Gertz1, Eric D. Here we present such a model based on the analysis of synthetic promoter libraries in yeast. Thermodynamic models based only on the equilibrium binding of transcription factors to DNA and to each other

Siggia, Eric

433

Synthetic incoherent feedforward circuits show adaptation to the amount of their genetic template  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic incoherent feedforward circuits show adaptation to the amount of their genetic template.12.10; accepted 6.6.11 Natural and synthetic biological networks must function reliably in the face of fluctuating expression efficiency and the DNA template amount of the network-coding genes. Gene product levels could

Sontag, Eduardo

434

Constructing High Complexity Synthetic Libraries of Long ORFs Using In Vitro Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the design and synthesis of large synthetic DNA libraries coding for protein sequences suitable for useConstructing High Complexity Synthetic Libraries of Long ORFs Using In Vitro Selection Glen Cho selection experiments. Protein libraries are often encoded by chemically synthesized DNA, in which part

Heller, Eric

435

SYNTHESIS 0.1: BETA RELEASE OF A SYNTHETIC WAVEFORMS M. D'amico1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYNTHESIS 0.1: BETA RELEASE OF A SYNTHETIC WAVEFORMS REPOSITORY M. D'amico1 , F. Pacor1 , R. PugliaISmograms (SYNTHESIS 0.1). It is designed to archive and distribute synthetic waveforms computed for earthquake hazard describing each scenario-event. The structure of SYNTHESIS is adopted from the ITACA database (http

Cerveny, Vlastislav

436

Inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging of trees over a ground plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent data collections with the Sandia VHF-UHF synthetic-aperture radar have yielded surprising results; trees appear brighter in the images than expected! In an effort to understand this phenomenon, various small trees have been measured on the Sandia folded compact range with the inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging system. A compilation of these measurements is contained in this report.

Zittel, D.H.; Brock, B.C.; Littlejohn, J.H.; Patitz, W.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Four Postmortem Case Reports with Quantitative Detection of the Synthetic Cannabinoid, 5F-PB-22  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2 (CB2). The consumption of synthetic cannabinoids...V) Collision energy (eV) 5F-PB-22...5F-PB-22. The average ion transition ratio...pronounced dead in the home of friends during...returned to his home around noon the...highs-seizures after consumption of synthetic cannabinoids......

George Behonick; Kevin G. Shanks; Dennis J. Firchau; Gagan Mathur; Charles F. Lynch; Marcus Nashelsky; David J. Jaskierny; Chady Meroueh

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Optimal Part and Module Selection for Synthetic Gene Circuit Design Automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimal Part and Module Selection for Synthetic Gene Circuit Design Automation ... A step toward automated synthetic circuit design is the selection of a part set so that the final circuit exhibits the desired behavior. ... Our workflow is the first to automate the prodn. of biol. ...

Linh Huynh; Ilias Tagkopoulos

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

439

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Metals removal mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Metals in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands used for polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater. Four types (2014) 53-42" DOI : 10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.075 #12;Keywords electroplating wastewater, metals, cyanides

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Fe(II) Sorption on a Synthetic Montmorillonite. A Combined Macroscopic and Spectroscopic Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fe(II) Sorption on a Synthetic Montmorillonite. A Combined Macroscopic and Spectroscopic Study fine structure (EXAFS) and Mossbauer spectroscopy combined with macroscopic sorption experiments were employed to investigate the sorption mechanism of Fe(II) on an iron-free synthetic montmorillonite (Na

Wehrli, Bernhard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

FSAAWG, ROME 2011 1 Synthetic Voice Forgery in the Forensic Context: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FSAAWG, ROME 2011 1 Synthetic Voice Forgery in the Forensic Context: a short tutorial Guillaume Paristech, dép. TSI 37-39 rue Dareau 75014 PARIS Abstract--Technical voice forgery in the forensic area has, the forensic context is quite different since the human ear might be able to detect a synthetic voice, thus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

A NEW SYNTHETIC LIBRARY OF THE NEAR-INFRARED Ca II TRIPLET INDICES. I. INDEX DEFINITION, CALIBRATION, AND RELATIONS WITH STELLAR ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adopting the SPECTRUM package, which is a stellar spectral synthesis program, we have synthesized a comprehensive set of 2890 near-infrared (NIR) synthetic spectra with a resolution and wavelength sampling similar to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the forthcoming Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) spectra. During the synthesis, we applied the 'New grids of ATLAS9 Model Atmosphere' to develop a grid of local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres for effective temperatures (T{sub eff}) ranging from 3500 to 7500 K, for surface gravities (log g) from 0.5 to 5.0 dex, for metallicities ([Fe/H]) from -4.0 to 0.5 dex, and for solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = 0.0 dex) and non-solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = +0.4 dex) abundances. This synthetic stellar library is composed of 1350 solar scaled abundance (SSA) and 1530 non-solar scaled abundance (NSSA) spectra, grounding on which we have defined a new set of NIR Ca II triplet indices and an index CaT as the sum of the three. These defined indices were automatically measured on every spectrum of the synthetic stellar library and calibrated with the indices computed on the observational spectra from the INDO-U.S. stellar library. In order to check the effect of {alpha}-element enhancement on the so-defined Ca II indices, we compared indices measured on the SSA spectra with those on the NSSA ones at the same trine of stellar parameters (T{sub eff}, log g, [Fe/H]); luckily, little influences of {alpha}-element enhancement were found. Furthermore, comparisons of our synthetic indices with the observational ones from measurements on the INDO-U.S. stellar library, the SDSS-DR7 and SDSS-DR8 spectroscopic survey are presented, respectively, for dwarfs and giants in specific. For dwarfs, our synthetic indices could well reproduce the behaviors of the observational indices versus stellar parameters, which verifies the validity of our index definitions for dwarfs. For giants, the consistency between our synthetic indices and the observational ones does not appear to be as good. However, a new synthetic library of NIR Ca II indices has been founded for deeper studies on the NIR wave band of stellar spectra, and this library is particularly appropriate for the SDSS and the forthcoming LAMOST stellar spectra. We have regressed the strength of the CaT index as a function of stellar parameters for both dwarfs and giants after a series of experimental investigations into relations of the indices with stellar parameters. For dwarfs, log g has little effect on the indices, while [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} play a role together. The leading factor is probably [Fe/H], which changes the strength of the indices by a positive trend. For giants, log g starts to influence the strength of the indices by a negative trend for the metal-poor, and even impact deeply for the metal-rich; besides, [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} still matter. In addition, we briefly discussed the major differences between our Ca II triplet indices and the CaHK doublet indices. Ultimately, a supplemental experiment was carried out to show that spectral noises do have effects on our set of NIR Ca II indices. However, the influence is not weak enough to be ignored if the signal-to-noise ratio falls below 20.

Du, W.; Luo, A. L.; Zhao, Y. H., E-mail: wdu@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: lal@nao.cas.cn [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Soliton self-frequency shift in telecommunications fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When subpicosecond solitons propagate in an optical fiber the soliton self-frequency shift occurs. We have made observations of this effect in standard telecommunication fiber, which show a strong departure from the predicted behavior. This difference is shown to be due to the residual birefringence in the standard fiber. Results are also presented on the power and length dependence and detailed comparisons with numerical simulations are made.

J. K. Lucek and K. J. Blow

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

Goyal, Amit

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

445

Faceted ceramic fibers, tapes or ribbons and epitaxial devices therefrom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A crystalline article includes a single-crystal ceramic fiber, tape or ribbon. The fiber, tape or ribbon has at least one crystallographic facet along its length, which is generally at least one meter long. In the case of sapphire, the facets are R-plane, M-plane, C-plane or A-plane facets. Epitaxial articles, including superconducting articles, can be formed on the fiber, tape or ribbon.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

446

High conversion efficiency ultraviolet fiber Raman oscillator--amplifier system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High efficiency UV frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering in a XeCl (lambda = 308-nm) excimer laser-pumped multimode fiber is presented. The system consists of a first piece of fiber as a Stokes generator and a second as a power amplifier. Power conversion efficiencies up to 80% have been measured. Uses of fiber Raman amplifiers in the near UV are also discussed.

Pini, R.; Salimbeni, R.; Vannini, M.; Haider, A.F.M.Y.; Lin, C.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

BN Bonded BN fiber article and method of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A boron nitride bonded boron nitride fiber article and the method for its manufacture which comprises forming a shaped article with a composition comprising a bonding compound selected from boron oxide and boric acid and a structural fiber selected from the group consisting of boron oxide, boron nitride and partially nitrided boron oxide fibers, heating the composition in an anhydrous gas to a temperature above the melting point of the compound and nitriding the resulting article in ammonia gas.

Hamilton, Robert S. (Youngstown, NY)

1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

448

Synthetic jets at large Reynolds number and comparison to continuous jets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements and flow visualization of synthetic jets and similar continuous jets are described. The dimensionless stroke length necessary to form a 2-D synthetic jet is between 5 and 10, with wider-nozzle jets consistently requiring a smaller value. Synthetic jets are wider, slower and have more momentum than similar continuous jets. Synthetic jets are generated using four nozzle widths that vary by a factor of four, and the driving frequency is varied over an order of magnitude. The resultant jets are in the range 13.5 < L{sub o}/h < 80.8 and 695 < Re{sub Uo} < 14700. In spite of the large range of stroke lengths, the near-field behavior of the synthetic jets scales with L{sub o}/h.

Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Swift, G. W. (Gregory W.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Characterization of commercial fiber optic connectors - Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several types of commercial fiber optic connectors were characterized for potential use in a Sandia designed Laser Diode Ignition (LDI) system. The characterization included optical performance while the connectors were subjected to the more dynamic environmental conditions experienced in weapons applications. The environmental testing included temperature cycling, random vibration, and mechanical shock. This report presents a performance assessment of the fiber optic connectors and fiber included in the characterization. The desirable design features are described for a fiber optic connector that must survive the dynamic environment of weapon systems. The more detailed performance of each connector type will be included as resources permit.

Andrews, Larry A.; Williams, Randy J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Trillium FiberFuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Place: Corvallis, Oregon Zip: 97333 Product: Oregon-based biochemical cellulosic ethanol technology developer. References: Trillium FiberFuels Inc1 This article is a stub....

451

Micromechanical Damage Models for Continuous Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reinforced plastic matrix composite, Material and Design,1995). Failure of fiber composites: a lattice green functionreinforced titanium composites, Composites Science and

Wu, Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Mechanism of Type IIA Photosensitivity in Optical Fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Formation of the type IIA Bragg gratings in germanosilicate optical fibers is studied. A mechanism for the type IIA photosensitivity is proposed which is based on nucleation and...

Shlyagin, Mikhail; Kukushkin, Sergei

453

NASA's Composite Portfolio: Department of Energy Workshop Fiber...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA 's Composites Portfolio Department of Energy Workshop Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Manufacturing Presented by: John Vickers January...

454

Studying Cellulose Fiber Structure by SEM, XRD, NMR and Acid...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studying Cellulose Fiber Structure by SEM, XRD, NMR and Acid Hydrolysis. Abstract: Cotton linters were partially hydrolyzed in dilute acid and the morphology of remaining...

455

Carbon Fiber and Clean Energy: 4 Uses for Industry | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

industry. Addthis Related Articles Hexagon Lincoln develops carbon fiber composite fuel tanks that help deliver hydrogen to fleets throughout the country. The company has more than...

456

Spectral characterization of a photonic bandgap fiber for sensing applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the measurand-induced spectral shift of the photonic bandgap edge of a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. The physical measurands considered are strain, temperature,...

Aref, S Hashem; Amezcua-Correac, Rodrigo; Carvalho, Joel P; Frazão, Orlando; Santos, José L; Araújo, Francisco M; Latifi, Hamid; Farahi, Faramarz; Ferreira, Luis A; Knight, Jonathan C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Continuous Processing of High Thermal Conductivity Polyethylene Fibers and Sheets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project to develop and validate a continuous manufacturing process for polyethylene fibers and sheets yielding a thermal conductivity value greater than 60 W/m.K.

458

Existing PON Infrastructure Supported Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid fiber wireless sensor network based on the existing PON infrastructure. The feasibility of remote sensing and PON convergence is experimentally proven by...

Yu, Xianbin; Zhao, Ying; Deng, Lei; Pang, Xiaodan; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso

459

Optical fiber sensor for membrane submicrometer vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an optical fiber sensor for membrane submicrometer vibration measurement. The sensor is designed ultimately for low-cost medical audiometric applications such as...

Prokopczuk, Krzysztof; Rozwadowski, Krzysztof; Aleksandra Starzy?ska, M D; Doma?ski, Andrzej W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Loading rubidium atoms into a hollow core fiber .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We demonstrate a procedure for cooling, trapping, and transferring rubidium atoms into a hollow core photonic band gap fiber. The atoms are first collected in… (more)

Chu, Yiwen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures (VMM) Libby Berger (General Motors), Omar Faruque (Ford) Co-Principal Investigators US Automotive...

462

Carbon Fiber Pilot Plant and Research Facilities | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pilot Plant and Research Facilities Carbon Fiber Pilot Plant and Research Facilities 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

463

Low Cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

from Renewable Resources Low Cost Carbon Fiber from Renewable Resources 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

464

Glass fiber composition. [for use as thermal insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to a glass fiber composition useful for thermal insulation having a low melting temperature and high chemical durability.

Wolf, G.A.; Kupfer, M.J.

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

465

Seismic damage identification for steel structures using distributed fiber optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic monitoring methodology based on optic time domain reflectometry technology is developed for seismic damage identification of steel structures. Epoxy with a...

Hou, Shuang; Cai, C S; Ou, Jinping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

COURSE SYLLABUS OSE 4470 FALL 2014 `FIBER-OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optical fiber communication systems including the optoelectronic devices used in transmitters) Optoelectronic devices used in transmitters, receivers, and multiplexers. 3) Design of the overall communication

Van Stryland, Eric

467

Fiber optic diagnostic techniques for the electrical discharge machining process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Plasma sparks from an electrical discharge machining phics. (EDM) process were observed using fiber optics positioned the dielectric oil. New measurement techniques were developed to… (more)

Pillans, Brandon William

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Evaluation of the performance of polypropylene fibers on soil stabilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Chattanooga, TN 37416. Its product name is "Fibergrids". These are one inch long 1000 denier fibers having a specific gravity of 0. 91. Sand (SM) was stabilized with type I portland cement and clay (CL) was stabilized with lime. Moisture-Density tests... for stabilizing clay was 5%. The optimum percentage of discrete polypropylene fibers for stabilizing clay and clay/lime was 0. 3%. The optimum percentage of polypropylene fibers for stabilizing sand and sand/5% cement was 0. 5%. Fibers improved the strength...

Sangineni, Srinivas Meherji

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

SORPTION OF PAHS AND COPPER (II) BY ASPEN WOOD FIBERS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The sorption and desorption of phenanthrene and pyrene on treated and untreated aspen wood fibers were studied to evaluate the sorption mechanisms of polycyclic aromatic… (more)

huang, liyuan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

objectives: Demonstrate reliability of fiber and distributed temperature; strain and vibration sensing sub-systems for EGS at 374C and 220 bar in the presence of hydrogen....

471

Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

472

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from Task 5 of the study ''Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,'' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. The FGD process is used to control the sulfur dioxide emissions which would result in acid rain if not controlled. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies developed for power plants involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope includes five discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The five tasks were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to evaluate gypsum produced from an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to a previous task, Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. The stack locations sampled for each task include a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. The stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested as part of this task, and was tested as part of Tasks 1 and 4. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 5 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, but the SCR was bypassed during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower, limestone reagent FGD system, with forced oxidation conducted in a reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. Gypsum fines blow down is believed to be an important variable that impacts the amount of mercury in the gypsum byproduct and possibly its stability during the wallboard process. The results of the Task 5 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 51% of the incoming mercury in the FGD gypsum was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as 2% or less each across the wet gypsum dryer and product wallboard dryer, and about 50% across the gypsum calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 3 results showed, on both a percentage and a mass basis, for gypsum produced by a power plant firing bituminous coal and also having gypsum fines blow down as part of the FGD dewatering scheme. As was seen in the Task 1 through 4 results, most of the mercury detected in the stack testing on the wet gypsum dryer and kettle calciner was in the form of elemental mercury. In the wallboard dryer kiln, a more signific

Jessica Marshall Sanderson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Method for the continuous processing of hermetic fiber optic components and the resultant fiber optic-to-metal components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components and method for making hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components by assembling and fixturing elements comprising a metal shell, a glass preform, and a metal-coated fiber optic into desired relative positions and then sealing said fixtured elements preferably using a continuous heating process is disclosed. The resultant hermetic fiber optic-to-metal components exhibit high hermeticity and durability despite the large differences in thermal coefficients of expansion among the various elements. 3 figs.

Kramer, D.P.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

474

Advanced Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control Advanced Metal Fiber Wall-Flow DPF For Diesel Emission Control A new metal fiber wall-flow DPF with up to 99% efficiency and...

475

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 2000 / 865 CARBON FIBER ADSORPTION USING QUANTITATIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 2000 / 865 CARBON FIBER ADSORPTION USING carbon fiber (ACF) adsorbents. The DR isotherm parameter, k, depends on the adsorbate as well volatile organic compound adsorbates and activated carbon fiber adsorbents. INTRODUCTION Activated carbon

Cal, Mark P.

476

Detection of low concentration oxygen containing functional groups on activated carbon fiber surfaces through fluorescent labeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of low concentration oxygen containing functional groups on activated carbon fiber of surface functional groups (OH, COOH and CHO) on activated carbon fiber surfaces. The chromophores were rights reserved. Keywords: Carbon fibers; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Infrared spectroscopy

Borguet, Eric

477

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF PAN-BASED CARBON FIBERS USING XPS, SIMS, AND AFM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF PAN-BASED CARBON FIBERS USING XPS, SIMS, AND AFM by Kris Anne Battleson on Carbon Fiber Surfaces.....................................17 Atomic Force Microscopy on Carbon Fiber Surfaces.....................................21 Numerical Methods...........................................................................

478

Large-pitch fibers: Pushing very large mode areas to highest powers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scalable fiber design for ytterbium-doped high performance fiber lasers and amplifiers will be presented. The working principle of large-pitch fibers (LPF) bases on delocalization of...

Limpert, Jens

479

Glass fiber contamination of cigarette filters: an additional health risk to the smoker?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Articles Glass fiber contamination of cigarette filters...cigarette-appearing smoking article labeled Eclipse with glass fibers, fragments, and particles. Eclipse...insulated and bound with two wrapping mats of glass fibers. Recently, Eclipse has been modified...

J L Pauly; H J Lee; E L Hurley; K M Cummings; J D Lesses; R J Streck

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Successful Radiotherapy of Tumor in Pretargeted Mice by 188Re-Radiolabeled Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer, a Synthetic DNA Analogue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...188Re-Radiolabeled Phosphorodiamidate Morpholino Oligomer, a Synthetic DNA Analogue Guozheng Liu 1 Requests for reprints: Guozheng...188Re-radiolabeled phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer, a synthetic DNA analogue. | Pretargeting has been attracting increasing...

Guozheng Liu; Shuping Dou; George Mardirossian; Jiang He; Surong Zhang; Xinrong Liu; Mary Rusckowski; Donald J. Hnatowich

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detergents synthetic fibers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Manufacturing Workshop  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A workshop on Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composite Manufacturing (held January 13, 2014, in Arlington, VA) brought together stakeholders from industry and academia to discuss manufacturing of composites. The workshop explored emerging FRP composite market applications in clean energy and barriers to the development and widespread commercial use of these lightweight, high-strength and high-stiffness materials. Improving the manufacturing speed and quality-and reducing their manufacturing costs-could accelerate their use in automotive, wind, compressed gas storage and other clean energy and industrial applications.

482

A cantilever optical-fiber accelerometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple fiber-optic acceleration sensor has been designed and evaluated. It is an amplitude-modulation sensor, which employs inexpensive electronic instrumentation. The construction and technology of the sensor are presented. The influence of some construction parameters on sensor characteristics has been considered and measured. It is proved that simple construction modifications allow some sensor parameters to be tuned. The sensor characteristic is nonlinear. The amplitude-modulation depth reaches 50% at an acceleration of 250 m/s2 for a cantilever length of 40 mm. The maximum operating frequency is dependent on cantilever length and for length 20 mm is 125 Hz.

Jerzy Kalenik; Ryszard Paj?k

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Programmable optic-fiber delay line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It can supply up to 2 Amp continuous output current with an output short circuit. The thermo-electric cooler (TEC) from Marlow Industries, Inc. can heat or cool material depending on the direction of the electric current driving it. The two input... the fusion. 16 Optical Fiber Electrode V-groove Fig. 5 Basic configuration of electric arc fusion splicer. In order to better understand the fusion process used in fabrication of the Mach-Zender interferometer, especially the available SIECOR model m...

Fang, Shin-Puu

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of drug-nucleic acid interactions at the synthetic DNA level in solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of drug-nucleic acid interactions at the synthetic DNA level in solution ...

Dinshaw J. Patel

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Detection of human rotavirus by using an alkaline phosphatase-conjugated synthetic DNA probe in comparison with enzyme-linked immunoassay and polyacrylamide gel analysis.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alkaline phosphatase-conjugated synthetic DNA probe in comparison with enzyme-linked...alkaline phosphatase-conjugated synthetic DNA probe in comparison with enzyme-linked...Alkaline Phosphatase-Conjugated Synthetic DNA Probe in Comparison with Enzyme-Linked...

D M Olive; S K Sethi

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

An Optimized, Synthetic DNA Vaccine Encoding the Toxin A and Toxin B Receptor Binding Domains of Clostridium difficile Induces Protective Antibody Responses In Vivo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Immunity and Vaccines An Optimized, Synthetic DNA Vaccine Encoding the Toxin A and...these advantages make newer, synthetic DNA-based immunizations a desirable...our work demonstrates that a synthetic DNA vaccine encoding the toxin RBDs...

Scott M. Baliban; Amanda Michael; Berje Shammassian; Shikata Mudakha; Amir S. Khan; Simon Cocklin; Isaac Zentner; Brian P. Latimer; Laurent Bouillaut; Meredith Hunter; Preston Marx; Niranjan Y. Sardesai; Seth L. Welles; Jeffrey M. Jacobson; David B. Weiner; Michele A. Kutzler

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

487

Detection of rotavirus by hybridization with a nonradioactive synthetic DNA probe and comparison with commercial enzyme immunoassays and silver-stained polyacrylamide gels.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hybridization with a nonradioactive synthetic DNA probe and comparison with commercial...hybridization with a nonradioactive synthetic DNA probe and comparison with commercial...Hybridization with a Nonradioactive Synthetic DNA Probe and Comparison with Commercial...

M Arens; E M Swierkosz

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Lynx: A High-Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lynx is a high resolution, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that has been designed and built by Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA). Although Lynx may be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, it is primarily intended to be fielded on unmanned aerial vehicles. In particular, it may be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, or Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA Aeronautical Systems, Inc. The Lynx production weight is less than 120 lb. and has a slant range of 30 km (in 4 mm/hr rain). It has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode. In ground moving target indicator mode, the minimum detectable velocity is 6 knots with a minimum target cross-section of 10 dBsm. In coherent change detection mode, Lynx makes registered, complex image comparisons either of 0.1 m resolution (minimum) spotlight images or of 0.3 m resolution (minimum) strip images. The Lynx user interface features a view manager that allows it to pan and zoom like a video camera. Lynx was developed under corporate finding from GA and will be manufactured by GA for both military and commercial applications. The Lynx system architecture will be presented and some of its unique features will be described. Imagery at the finest resolutions in both spotlight and strip modes have been obtained and will also be presented.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Pace, F.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I.; Walker, B.C.; Woodring, M.

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

489

Observation of Dirac Monopoles in a Synthetic Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic monopoles --- particles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poles --- have been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccessful experimental searches have followed Dirac's 1931 development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantum mechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of electric charge. Although analogues of magnetic monopoles have been found in exotic spin-ices and other systems, there has been no direct experimental observation of Dirac monopoles within a medium described by a quantum field, such as superfluid helium-3. Here we demonstrate the controlled creation of Dirac monopoles in the synthetic magnetic field produced by a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Monopoles are identified, in both experiments and matching numerical simulations, at the termini of vortex lines within the condensate. By directly imaging such a vortex line, the presence of a monopole may be discerned from the experimental data alone. These real-space images provide conclusive and long-awaited experimental evidence of the existence of Dirac monopoles. Our result provides an unprecedented opportunity to observe and manipulate these quantum-mechanical entities in a controlled environment.

M. W. Ray; E. Ruokokoski; S. Kandel; M. Möttönen; D. S. Hall

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

490

Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuel from nonpetroleum resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In late 1985, the New Zealand Gas-to-Gasoline Complex was successfully streamed producing high octane gasoline from natural gas. The heart of this complex is the Mobil fixed-bed Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) section which represents one of several newly developed technologies for production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels. All of these technologies are based on production of methanol by conventional technology, followed by conversion of the methanol to transportation fuel. The fixed-bed (MTG) process has been developed and commercialized. The fluid-bed version of the MTG process, which is now also available for commercial license, has a higher thermal efficiency and possesses substantial yield and octane number advantages over the fixed-bed. Successful scale-up was completed in 1984 in a 100 BPD semi-works plant in Wesseling, Federal Republic of Germany. The project was funded jointly by the U.S. and German governments and by the industrial participants: Mobil, Union Rheinsche Braunkohlen Kraftstoff, AG; and Uhde, GmbH. This fluid-bed MTG project was extended recently to demonstrate a related fluid-bed process for selective conversion of methanol to olefins (MTO). The MTO process can be combined with Mobil's commercially available olefins conversion process (Mobil-Olefins-to-Gasoline-and-Distillate, MOGD) for coproduction of high quality gasoline and distillate via methanol. This MTO process was also successfully demonstrated at the Wesseling semiworks with this project being completed in late 1985.

Tabak, S.A.; Avidan, A.A.; Krambeck, F.J.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The emerging technology of synthetic aperture focusing for ultrasonic testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The capabilities of synthetic aperture focusing techniques for ultrasonic testing (SAFT-UT) as a nondestructure testing technique are presented. SAFT-UT is a digital ultrasonic imaging method, which can be adapted to many different materials, specimen geometries, and wave propagation modes. The process allows each point within the inspected volume to be focused upon by mathematically simulating the action of a lens, specifically formed for imaging that point in the volume. All points are therefore imaged at the maximum available resolution. The PNL effort in SAFT-UT is a continuation of a program started earlier by the NRC at the University of Michigan. The objectives of the present program are: (1) to engineer and evaluate a real-time flaw detection and imaging system based on SAFT-UT for inservice inspection of all required LWR components, (2) to establish calibration and field test procedures, (3) to demonstrate and validate the system through field reactor inspections, and (4) to gain ASME Code acceptance of the real-time SAFT-UT technique. The following aspects of SAFT-UT are presented in this paper: (1) brief overview of SAFT imaging theory, (2) results demonstrating achievable lateral resolution, and (3) presentation of shear wave SAFT-UT images.

Busse, L.J.; Collins, H.D.; Doctor, S.R.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Influence of Lignin modification on PAN-Lignin copolymers as potential carbon fiber precursors.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Carbon fiber based polymer composites have been recognized as advanced materials for structural applications. The unique reinforcing abilities of carbon fibers with their combination of… (more)

Ramasubramanian, Gauri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Properties and mechanism on flexural fatigue of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete containing slag  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Properties and mechanism were investigated on flexural fatigue of concrete containing polypropylene fibers and ground granulated blast furnace slag(GGBFS). Four polypropylene fibers’ volume fractions and five ...

Huili Zhang ???; Kanliang Tian

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Stabilized dual-wavelength fiber-optic interferometer for vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stabilized fiber-optic interferometer was developed for vibration measurement by using two laser diodes of different wavelengths and one polarization-maintaining fiber. Passive...

Wright, O B

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

496

Scale Up of Novel, Low-Cost Carbon Fibers Leading to High-Volume...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications CX-009154: Categorical Exclusion Determination Low Cost Carbon Fiber Research in the LM Materials Program Overview Carbon Fiber Technology...

497

Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration / Users Facility and Commercializati...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration Users Facility and Commercialization of Textile Precursors Low-Cost Carbon-Fiber Integration Users Facility and Commercialization of Textile...

498

Spatially Multiplexed Fiber-optic Microscopy for Simultaneous Imaging of Multiple Brain Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatially multiplexed fiber-optic imager is experimentally demonstrated. Our system utilizes a trifurcated fiber bundles for real-time brain imaging in 3 different areas.

Cha, Jaepyeong; Kang, Jin U

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute fiber optic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Index Terms--Characterization, fiber-arrays, optical fiber, op- tical waveguides, optoelectronic... large numbers of input and output channels that require precisely aligned ......

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial fiber spinning Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Design of a Hybrid STMSNOM for Spintronics & OptoelectronicsSpintronics & Optoelectronics the Interiorthe Interior Summary: -field optical fiber Far-field optical fiber...