Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

UV Decontamination of MDA Reagents for Single Cell Genomics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single cell genomics, the amplification and sequencing of genomes from single cells, can provide a glimpse into the genetic make-up and thus life style of the vast majority of uncultured microbial cells, making it an immensely powerful and increasingly popular tool. This is accomplished by use of multiple displacement amplification (MDA), which can generate billions of copies of a single bacterial genome producing microgram-range DNA required for shotgun sequencing. Here, we address a key challenge inherent to this approach and propose a solution for the improved recovery of single cell genomes. While DNA-free reagents for the amplification of a single cell genome are a prerequisite for successful single cell sequencing and analysis, DNA contamination has been detected in various reagents, which poses a considerable challenge. Our study demonstrates the effect of UV irradiation in efficient elimination of exogenous contaminant DNA found in MDA reagents, while maintaining Phi29 activity. Consequently, we also find that increased UV exposure to Phi29 does not adversely affect genome coverage of MDA amplified single cells. While additional challenges in single cell genomics remain to be resolved, the proposed methodology is relatively quick and simple and we believe that its application will be of high value for future single cell sequencing projects.

Lee, Janey; Tighe, Damon; Sczyrba, Alexander; Malmatrom, Rex; Clingenpeel, Scott; Malfatti, Stephanie; Rinke, Christian; Wang, Zhong; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Woyke, Tanja

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

2

Impregnating magnetic components with MDA free epoxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of {open_quotes}Formula 456{close_quotes} an aliphatic amine cured epoxy for impregnating coils. Methylene dianiline (MDA) has been used for more than 20 years as the curing agent for various epoxy formulations throughout the Department of Energy. Sandia National Laboratories began the process of replacing MDA with other formulations because of regulations imposed by OSHA on the use of MDA.

Sanchez, R.O. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Domeier, L. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Gunewardena, S. [Mil-Spec Magnetics, Inc., Walnut, CA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Detecting active comets with SDSS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a sample of serendipitously discovered active comets in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we develop well-controlled selection criteria for greatly increasing the efficiency of comet identification in the SDSS catalogs. After follow-up visual inspection of images to reject remaining false positives, the total sample of SDSS comets presented here contains 19 objects, roughly one comet per 10 million other SDSS objects. The good understanding of selection effects allows a study of the population statistics, and we estimate the apparent magnitude distribution to r {approx} 18, the ecliptic latitude distribution, and the comet distribution in SDSS color space. The most surprising results are the extremely narrow range of colors for comets in our sample (e.g. root-mean-square scatter of only {approx}0.06 mag for the g-r color), and the similarity of comet colors to those of jovian Trojans. We discuss the relevance of our results for upcoming deep multi-epoch optical surveys such as the Dark Energy Survey, Pan-STARRS, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), and estimate that LSST may produce a sample of about 10,000 comets over its 10-year lifetime.

Solontoi, Michael; Ivezic, Zeljko; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; West, Andrew A.; /MIT, MKI; Claire, Mark; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Juric, Mario; /Princeton U. Observ.; Becker, Andrew; Jones, Lynne; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Hall, Patrick B.; /York U., Canada; Kent, Steve; /Fermilab; Lupton, Robert H.; /Princeton U. Observ.; Quinn, Tom; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Princeton U. Observ.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Radiation Detection for Active Interrogation of HEU  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly describes the neutrons and gamma rays emitted by active interrogation of HEU, briefly discusses measurement methods, briefly discusses sources and detectors relevant to detection of shielded HEU in Sealand containers, and lists the measurement possibilities for the various sources. All but one of the measurement methods detect radiation emitted by induced fission in the HEU; the exception utilizes nuclear resonance fluorescence. The brief descriptions are supplemented by references. This report presents some active interrogation possibilities but the status of understanding is not advanced enough to select particular methods. Additional research is needed to evaluate these possibilities.

Mihalczo, J.T.

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

5

MDAbench: A Tool for Customized Benchmark Generation Using MDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing component-based application that meets performance requirements remains a challenging problem, and usually requires a prototype to be constructed to benchmark performance. Building a custom benchmark suite is however costly and tedious. This demonstration illustrates an approach for generating customized component-based benchmark applications using a Model Driven Architecture (MDA) approach. All the platform related plumbing and basic performance testing routines are encapsulated in MDA generation "cartridges" along with default implementations of testing logic. We will show how to use a tailored version of the UML 2.0 Testing Profile to model a customized load testing client. The performance configuration (such as transaction mix and spiking simulations) can also be modeled using the UML model. Executing the generated deployable code will collect the performance testing data automatically. The tool implementation is based on a widely used open source MDA framework AndroMDA. We extended it by providing a cartridge for a performance testing tailored version of the UML 2.0 Testing Profile. Essentially, we use OObased meta-modeling in designing and implementing a lightweight performance testing domain specific language with supporting infrastructure on top of the existing UML testing standard.

Liming Zhu; Yan Liu; Ian Gorton; Ngoc Bao Bui

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

A Multidisciplinary Approach To Detect Active Pathways For Magma Migration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Multidisciplinary Approach To Detect Active Pathways For Magma Migration Multidisciplinary Approach To Detect Active Pathways For Magma Migration And Eruption At Mt Etna (Sicily, Italy) Before The 2001 And 2002-2003 Eruptions Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Multidisciplinary Approach To Detect Active Pathways For Magma Migration And Eruption At Mt Etna (Sicily, Italy) Before The 2001 And 2002-2003 Eruptions Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Two strong flank eruptions occurred in July-August 2001 and from late October 2002 to late January 2003 at Mt. Etna volcano. The two eruptions mainly involved the upper southern flank of the volcano, a particularly active area during the last 30 years, damaging several tourist facilities and threatening some villages. The composite eruptive activity

7

Identification of active users in synchronous CDMA multiuser detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The level of multiple access interference (MAI) in code division multiple access (CDMA) communication systems is a time-varying parameter related to the number of active users. Almost all existing multiuser detection schemes were designed based on a ...

Wei-Chiang Wu; Kwang-Cheng Chen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The synchronous active neutron detection system for spent fuel assay  

SciTech Connect

The authors have begun to develop a novel technique for active neutron assay of fissile material in spent nuclear fuel. This approach will exploit the unique operating features of a 14-MeV neutron generator developed by Schlumberger. This generator and a novel detection system will be applied to the direct measurement of the fissile material content in spent fuel in place of the indirect measures used at present. The technique they are investigating is termed synchronous active neutron detection (SAND). It closely follows a method that has been used routinely in other branches of physics to detect very small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Synchronous detection instruments are widely available commercially and are termed {open_quotes}lock-in{close_quotes} amplifiers. The authors have implemented a digital lock-in amplifier in conjunction with the Schlumberger neutron generator to explore the possibility of synchronous detection with active neutrons. This approach is possible because the Schlumberger system can operate at up to a 50% duty factor, in effect, a square wave of neutron yield. The results to date are preliminary but quite promising. The system is capable of resolving the fissile material contained in a small fraction of the fuel rods in a cold fuel assembly. It also appears to be quite resilient to background neutron interference. The interrogating neutrons appear to be nonthermal and penetrating. Although a significant amount of work remains to fully explore the relevant physics and optimize the instrument design, the underlying concept appears sound.

Pickrell, M.M.; Kendall, P.K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Detection of uranium enrichment activities using environmental monitoring techniques  

SciTech Connect

Uranium enrichment processes have the capability of producing weapons-grade material in the form of highly enriched uranium. Thus, detection of undeclared uranium enrichment activities is an international safeguards concern. The uranium separation technologies currently in use employ UF{sub 6} gas as a separation medium, and trace quantities of enriched uranium are inevitably released to the environment from these facilities. The isotopic content of uranium in the vegetation, soil, and water near the plant site will be altered by these releases and can provide a signature for detecting the presence of enriched uranium activities. This paper discusses environmental sampling and analytical procedures that have been used for the detection of uranium enrichment facilities and possible safeguards applications of these techniques.

Belew, W.L.; Carter, J.A.; Smith, D.H.; Walker, R.L.

1993-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

10

Expert elicitation and the problem of detecting undeclared activities  

SciTech Connect

Measures applicable to the detection of undeclared activities are not well established, and their effectiveness is uncertain. To detect clandestine paths, the IAEA is still developing processes and procedures. As the Agency gains experience with new measures and with integrated safeguards, dealing with such problems may become more experience-based and perhaps more closely parallel the process with current safeguards where detection probabilities for the measures to be utilized on declared paths are well characterized. Whether or not this point will be reached for undeclared and mixed paths, the only tool that appears suitable at present for the purpose of generating a reasonable detection probability that can over time be tested against reality and, if necessary, adjusted is formal expert judgment, or expert elicitation. Formal expert elicitation is a structured process that makes use of people knowledgeable in certain areas to make assessments. To provide a 'proof of principle' of this methodology for presentation to the Agency, experts in nuclear technology, nonproliferation, safeguards and open source information, as well as in formal expert elicitation processes, engaged in three illustrative expert elicitations on assessing information analysis as a means to detect undeclared activities. These elicitations were successful. This paper will discuss the process of and issues raised by the elicitations.

Pilat, Joseph F.; Sylvester, K. B. (Kori Budlong); Stanbro, W. D. (William D.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Towards an accurate functional size measurement procedure for conceptual models in an MDA environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate measurement of the functional size of applications that are automatically generated in MDA environments is a challenge for the software development industry. This paper introduces the OO-Method COSMIC Function Points (OOmCFP) procedure, ... Keywords: COSMIC, Conceptual modeling, Functional size measurement, MDA, Object orientation

Beatriz Marín; Oscar Pastor; Alain Abran

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Méthodologie de transformation du CIM en PIM dans l'approche MDA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??L’Object Management Group (OMG) a proposé une nouvelle approche de développement de logiciel nommée Model Driven Architecture (MDA). Cette approche met l’accent sur l’élaboration des… (more)

Kherraf, Samir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Real-Life MDA: Solving Business Problems with Model Driven Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model Driven Architecture (MDA) is a new approach to software development that helps companies manage large, complex software projects and save development costs while allowing new technologies that come along to be readily incorporated. Although it ... Keywords: Business Software, Programming, Software Development

Michael Guttman; John Parodi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Editorial: Occupation inference through detection and classification of biographical activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dealing with biographical information (e.g., biography generation, answering biography-related questions, etc.) requires the identification of important activities in the life of the individual in question. While there are activities that can be used ... Keywords: Biography information, Occupation classification

Elena Filatova; John Prager

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Activity detection for information access to oral communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oral communication is ubiquitous and carries important information yet it is also time consuming to document. Given the development of storage media and networks one could just record and store a conversation for documentation. The question is, however, ... Keywords: activity, dialogue processing, information access, oral communication, speech

Klaus Ries; Alex Waibel

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Optimal time-resource allocation for activity-detection via multimodal sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimal allocation of measurements for activity-level detection in a wireless body area network (WBAN) for health-monitoring applications is considered. The WBAN with heterogeneous sensors is deployed in a simple star topology with the fusion center ...

Gautam Thatte; Viktor Rozgic; Ming Li; Sabyasachi Ghosh; Urbashi Mitra; Shri Narayanan; Murali Annavaram; Donna Spruijt-Metz

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The National Severe Storms Laboratory Mesocyclone Detection Algorithm for the WSR-88D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) has developed a mesocyclone detection algorithm (NSSL MDA) for the Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) system designed to automatically detect and diagnose the Doppler radar radial ...

Gregory J. Stumpf; Arthur Witt; E. DeWayne Mitchell; Phillip L. Spencer; J. T. Johnson; Michael D. Eilts; Kevin W. Thomas; Donald W. Burgess

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Chemical hazard evaluation of material disposal area (MDA) B closure project  

SciTech Connect

TA-21, MDA-B (NES) is the 'contaminated dump,' landfill with radionuclides and chemicals from process waste disposed in 1940s. This paper focuses on chemical hazard categorization and hazard evaluation of chemicals of concern (e.g., peroxide, beryllium). About 170 chemicals were disposed in the landfill. Chemicals included products, unused and residual chemicals, spent, waste chemicals, non-flammable oils, mineral oil, etc. MDA-B was considered a High hazard site. However, based on historical records and best engineering judgment, the chemical contents are probably at best 5% of the chemical inventory. Many chemicals probably have oxidized, degraded or evaporated for volatile elements due to some fire and limited shelf-life over 60 yrs, which made it possible to downgrade from High to Low chemical hazard site. Knowing the site history and physical and chemical properties are very important in characterizing a NES site. Public site boundary is only 20 m, which is a major concern. Chemicals of concern during remediation are peroxide that can cause potential explosion and beryllium exposure due to chronic beryllium disease (CBD). These can be prevented or mitigated using engineering control (EC) and safety management program (SMP) to protect the involved workers and public.

Laul, Jadish C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Method for improved selectivity in photo-activation and detection of molecular diagnostic agents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the imaging of a particular volume of plant or animal tissue, wherein the plant or animal tissue contains at least one photo-active molecular agent. The method includes the steps of treating the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue with light sufficient to promote a simultaneous two-photon excitation of the photo-active molecular agent contained in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, photo-activating at least one of the at least one photo-active molecular agent in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, thereby producing at least one photo-activated molecular agent, wherein the at least one photo-activated molecular agent emits energy, detecting the energy emitted by the at least one photo-activated molecular agent, and producing a detected energy signal which is characteristic of the particular volume of plant or animal tissue. The present invention is also a method for the imaging of a particular volume of material, wherein the material contains at least one photo-active molecular agent.

Wachter, Eric A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fisher, Walter G. (Knoxville, TN); Dees, H. Craig (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Methods for improved selectivity in photo-activation and detection of molecular diagnostic agents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the imaging of a particular volume of plant or animal tissue, wherein the plant or animal tissue contains at least one photo-active molecular agent. The method comprises the steps of treating the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue with light sufficient to promote a simultaneous two-photon excitation of the photo-active molecular agent contained in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, photo-activating at least one of the at least one photo-active molecular agent in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, thereby producing at least one photo-activated molecular agent, wherein the at least one photo-activated molecular agent emits energy, detecting the energy emitted by the at least one photo-activated molecular agent, and producing a detected energy signal which is characteristic of the particular volume of plant or animal tissue. The present invention also provides a method for the imaging of a particular volume of material, wherein the material contains at least one photo-active molecular agent.

Wachter, Eric A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fisher, Walter G. (Knoxville, TN); Dees, H. Craig (Knoxville, TN)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Method for improved selectivity in photo-activation and detection of molecular diagnostic agents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the imaging of a particular volume of plant or animal tissue, wherein the plant or animal tissue contains at least one photo-active molecular agent. The method includes the steps of treating the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue with light sufficient to promote a simultaneous two-photon excitation of the photo-active molecular agent contained in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, photo-activating at least one of the at least one photo-active molecular agent in the particular volume of the plant or animal tissue, thereby producing at least one photo-activated molecular agent, wherein the at least one photo-activated molecular agent emits energy, detecting the energy emitted by the at least one photo-activated molecular agent, and producing a detected energy signal which is characteristic of the particular volume of plant or animal tissue. The present invention is also a method for the imaging of a particular volume of material, wherein the material contains at least one photo-active molecular agent. 13 figs.

Wachter, E.A.; Fisher, W.G.; Dees, H.C.

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

22

Innovative high pressure gas MEM's based neutron detector for ICF and active SNM detection.  

SciTech Connect

An innovative helium3 high pressure gas detection system, made possible by utilizing Sandia's expertise in Micro-electrical Mechanical fluidic systems, is proposed which appears to have many beneficial performance characteristics with regards to making these neutron measurements in the high bremsstrahlung and electrical noise environments found in High Energy Density Physics experiments and especially on the very high noise environment generated on the fast pulsed power experiments performed here at Sandia. This same system may dramatically improve active WMD and contraband detection as well when employed with ultrafast (10-50 ns) pulsed neutron sources.

Martin, Shawn Bryan; Derzon, Mark Steven; Renzi, Ronald F.; Chandler, Gordon Andrew

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Active detection of shielded SNM with 60-keV neutrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fissile materials, e.g. {sup 235}U and {sup 239}Pu, can be detected non-invasively by active neutron interrogation. A unique characteristic of fissile material exposed to neutrons is the prompt emission of high-energy (fast) fission neutrons. One promising mode of operation subjects the object to a beam of medium-energy (epithermal) neutrons, generated by a proton beam impinging on a Li target. The emergence of fast secondary neutrons then clearly indicates the presence of fissile material. Our interrogation system comprises a low-dose 60-keV neutron generator (5 x 10{sup 6}/s), and a 1 m{sup 2} array of scintillators for fast neutron detection. Preliminary experimental results demonstrate the detectability of small quantities (370 g) of HEU shielded by steel (200 g/cm{sup 2}) or plywood (30 g/cm{sup 2}), with a typical measurement time of 1 min.

Hagmann, C; Dietrich, D; Hall, J; Kerr, P; Nakae, L; Newby, R; Rowland, M; Snyderman, N; Stoeffl, W

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

Estimation of the Performance of Multiple Active Neutron Interrogation Signatures for Detecting Shielded HEU  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive modeling study has been carried out to evaluate the utility of multiple active neutron interrogation signatures for detecting shielded highly enriched uranium (HEU). The modeling effort focused on varying HEU masses from 1 kg to 20 kg; varying types of shields including wood, steel, cement, polyethylene, and borated polyethylene; varying depths of the HEU in the shields, and varying engineered shields immediately surrounding the HEU including steel, tungsten, and cadmium. Neutron and gamma-ray signatures were the focus of the study and false negative detection probabilities versus measurement time were used as a performance metric. To facilitate comparisons among different approaches an automated method was developed to generate receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for different sets of model variables for multiple background count rate conditions. This paper summarizes results or the analysis, including laboratory benchmark comparisons between simulations and experiments. The important impact engineered shields can play towards degrading detectability and methods for mitigating this will be discussed.

David L. Chichester; Scott J. Thompson; Scott M. Watson; James T. Johnson; Edward H. Seabury

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Using Electronic Neutron Generators in Active Interrogation to Detect Shielded Fissionable Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments have been performed at Idaho National Laboratory to study methodology and instrumentation for performing neutron active interrogation die-away analyses for the purpose of detecting shielded fissionable material. Here we report initial work using a portable DT electronic neutron generator with a He-3 fast neutron detector to detect shielded fissionable material including >2 kg quantities of enriched uranium and plutonium. Measurements have been taken of bare material as well as of material hidden within a large plywood cube. Results from this work have demonstrated the efficacy of the die-away neutron measurement technique for quickly detecting the presence of special nuclear material hidden within plywood shields by analyzing the time dependent neutron signals in-between neutron generator pulses. Using a DT electronic neutron generator operating at 300 Hz with a yield of approximately 0.36 x 10**8 neutrons per second, 2.2 kg of enriched uranium hidden within a 0.60 m x 0.60 m x 0.70 m volume of plywood was positively detected with a measurement signal 2-sigma above the passive background within 1 second. Similarly, for a 500 second measurement period a lower detection limit of approaching the gram level could be expected with the same simple set-up.

D. L. Chichester; E. H. Seabury

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Californium-252 in situ activation and photon detection techniques for uranium ore deposit evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Four different techniques are evaluated for borehole analysis of uranium and thorium ores. Methods involving (1) detection of fission product photons following /sup 252/Cf activation, (2) detection of low-energy uranium and thorium gamma-rays, (3) direct measurement of the 1001-keV photon from /sup 234m/Pa, a progeny of /sup 238/U, and (4) isotopic excitation x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy are evaluated. The first two techniques are found too unsuitable for most low grade ores. The third is found to be suitable for the in-situ analysis of uranium ores only, and the fourth method is shown to be a superior, cost effective method for both uranium and thorium ore analysis.

Brodzinski, R.L.; Wogman, N.A.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An active system for the detection of special fissile material in small watercraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to increasing terrorist threats and illegal proliferation of nuclear material and technology, there is a need for increased research in the area of detection of smuggled fissile material, some of which is designated by the International Atomic Energy Agency as special fissile material. This thesis focuses on a hypothetical scenario in which a terrorist organization has managed to smuggle an amount of special fissile material onto a personal recreational watercraft and sail it into a marina. If the boat could be forced to go through a detector system, then the contents could be interrogated and a determination made of whether any special fissile material was aboard. This thesis examines the hypothesis that active interrogation may be used successfully in the detection of special fissile material in such an environment. It shows that it is feasible to use an active neutron system to detect a significant quantity of special fissile material onboard a small boat via the differential dieaway technique. The MCNP Monte Carlo transport code was used to simulate the use of a pulsed neutron generator to induce fission in the fissile material and then estimate the detector response. The detector modeled was based on elastic scattering-induced recoil protons using pure hydrogen gas. There was a significant difference between the system with and without the presence of fissile material, and the estimated detector response for the system with fissile material present was shown to be sufficiently greater than the response due to background radiation only. Additionally, dose was estimated and found to be small enough that the system would not likely pose a significant radiological health risk to passengers on the boat.

Johansen, Norman Alfan, III

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

A framework for activity detection in wide-area motion imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wide-area persistent imaging systems are becoming increasingly cost effective and now large areas of the earth can be imaged at relatively high frame rates (1-2 fps). The efficient exploitation of the large geo-spatial-temporal datasets produced by these systems poses significant technical challenges for image and video analysis and data mining. In recent years there has been significant progress made on stabilization, moving object detection and tracking and automated systems now generate hundreds to thousands of vehicle tracks from raw data, with little human intervention. However, the tracking performance at this scale, is unreliable and average track length is much smaller than the average vehicle route. This is a limiting factor for applications which depend heavily on track identity, i.e. tracking vehicles from their points of origin to their final destination. In this paper we propose and investigate a framework for wide-area motion imagery (W AMI) exploitation that minimizes the dependence on track identity. In its current form this framework takes noisy, incomplete moving object detection tracks as input, and produces a small set of activities (e.g. multi-vehicle meetings) as output. The framework can be used to focus and direct human users and additional computation, and suggests a path towards high-level content extraction by learning from the human-in-the-loop.

Porter, Reid B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ruggiero, Christy E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morrison, Jack D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

An active islanding detection method for small-scale distributed generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new islanding detection method for use in a small-scale, grid-interconnected distributed generator system. The proposed islanding detection method is based on voltage fluctuation injection, which can be obtained through high-impedance ... Keywords: correlation factor, distributed generator, islanding detection, voltage fluctuation injection

Wen-Yeau Chang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Positron emission mammography (PEM): Effect of activity concentration, object size, and object contrast on phantom lesion detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To characterize the relationship between lesion detection sensitivity and injected activity as a function of lesion size and contrast on the PEM (positron emission mammography) Flex Solo II scanner using phantom experiments. Methods: Phantom lesions (spheres 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 mm diameter) were randomly located in uniform background. Sphere activity concentrations were 3 to 21 times the background activity concentration (BGc). BGc was a surrogate for injected activity; BGc ranged from 0.44-4.1 kBq/mL, corresponding to 46-400 MBq injections. Seven radiologists read 108 images containing zero, one, or two spheres. Readers used a 5-point confidence scale to score the presence of spheres. Results: Sensitivity was 100% for lesions {>=}12 mm under all conditions except for one 12 mm sphere with the lowest contrast and lowest BGc (60% sensitivity). Sensitivity was 100% for 8 mm spheres when either contrast or BGc was high, and 100% for 4 mm spheres only when both contrast and BGc were highest. Sphere contrast recovery coefficients (CRC) were 49%, 34%, 26%, 14%, and 2.8% for the largest to smallest spheres. Cumulative specificity was 98%. Conclusions: Phantom lesion detection sensitivity depends more on sphere size and contrast than on BGc. Detection sensitivity remained {>=}90% for injected activities as low as 100 MBq, for lesions {>=}8 mm. Low CRC in 4 mm objects results in moderate detection sensitivity even for 400 MBq injected activity, making it impractical to optimize injected activity for such lesions. Low CRC indicates that when lesions <8 mm are observed on PEM images they are highly tracer avid with greater potential of clinical significance. High specificity (98%) suggests that image statistical noise does not lead to false positive findings. These results apply to the 85 mm thick object used to obtain them; lesion detectability should be better (worse) for thinner (thicker) objects based on the reduced (increased) influence of photon attenuation.

MacDonald, Lawrence R.; Wang, Carolyn L.; Eissa, Marna; Haseley, David; Kelly, Mary M.; Liu, Franklin; Parikh, Jay R.; Beatty, J. David; Rogers, James V. [Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357987, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357987, Seattle, Washington 98195 and Swedish Cancer Institute, Swedish Medical Center, 1221 Madison Street Arnold Pavilion, Seattle, Washington 98104 (United States); Swedish Cancer Institute, Swedish Medical Center, 1221 Madison Street Arnold Pavilion, Seattle, Washington 98104 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357987, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Swedish Cancer Institute, Swedish Medical Center, 1221 Madison Street Arnold Pavilion, Seattle, Washington 98104 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Detecting Intrusive Activity in the Smart Grid Communications Infrastructure Using Self-Organizing Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Smart Grid Infrastructure (SGI) provides for sustainable, affordable and uninterrupted electricity supply to consumers. The communications infrastructure of the SGI is prone to several malicious attacks identified in the recent past. Customer-specific ... Keywords: Smart Grid Communications, Anomaly Detection, Self-Organizing Maps, Intrusion Detection

Zubair Ahmed Baig, Saif Ahmad, Sadiq Mohammed Sait

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Plasma Semicarbazide-Sensitive Amine Oxidase Activity in Type I and II Alcoholics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) which catalysis the deamination of primary amines is involved in vascular endothelial or tissue damage through the formation of reactive aldehydes, hydrogen peroxide and ammonia from endogenous substrates. In the present study, plasma SSAO activity, plasma and erythrocyte lipid peroxidation status, glutathione levels and the correlation between the plasma SSAO activity and lipid peroxidation were determined to clarify the mechanism of liver injury related to the oxidative stress in early- and late-onset (Type I and II) alcoholic subtypes. Plasma SSAO activity and, plasma and erythrocyte malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as the indicators of lipid peroxidation status of alcoholics were found to be significantly higher than those of the control group. Increased plasma SSAO activity was strongly correlated with the elevated plasma and erythrocyte MDA levels and decreased reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio in alcoholics suggesting that enhanced plasma SSAO activity might contribute to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) detected in the liver of the alcoholics.

Gülberk Uçar; Ba?aran Demir; Yaz??ma Adresi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Reliability testing of active SDHW components. Part III. Development of a fault detection system  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a fault detection system developed for solar domestic hot water systems that will assist the homeowner and repairman in detecting major operational faults with the system. A study by the Florida Solar Energy Center showed that most homeowners were unaware of how well their systems were operating. With this need in mind, we developed a system that will detect and display circulation failures, nighttime circulation, freeze protection failure, and overheating protection failure. Cost of the unit using retail prices for components is less than $55.00 (1985 $), excluding the sensors. Fault detection systems are necessary, since it is difficult for homeowners to know the status of their system. Our device is sufficiently developed for industry to use, although further development of some of the sensors and some cost reduction is necessary.

Farrington, R.B.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Theory of Magnetic Detection of the Heart's Electrical Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The currents set up in the chest by the electromotive forces of the heart produce magnetic fields at the chest surface which have a peak intensity of about one microgauss. To detect these fields

Gerhard Baule; Richard McFee

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A Novel Technique for Improving Hardware Trojan Detection and Reducing Trojan Activation Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transitions in the circuit would be attributed to state bits and it is expected that activities converge or more transitions inside Trojan circuit so that it improves the effectiveness of transient power of nets with low transition rate, we will eliminate hard-to-activate sites in a design. This would result

Plusquellic, James

36

A cost-based analysis of intrusion detection system configuration under active or passive response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the joint decisions of IDS configuration and alarm investigation capacity under active and passive responses. In active response, alarm events are blocked immediately, whereas alarm events are allowed to access the information assets ... Keywords: IDS configuration, Information security, Intrusion response, Investigation capacity

Wei T. Yue; Metin Çakany?ld?r?m

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Detection of frozen salt in pipes using gamma-ray spectrometry of potassium self-activity  

SciTech Connect

Solar plants that use molten salts as heat transfer fluid need careful control to avoid the freezing of the salt in the pipes; if such a problem occurs, a diagnostic instrument to localize where is the frozen salt plug and to determine its length is useful. If the salt contains potassium (as is the case of the most common mixture used in solar plants, NaNO{sub 3}/KNO{sub 3} 60/40% by weight), the gamma decay of the natural unstable isotope {sup 40}K can be exploited to detect the frozen salt in a non-invasive way. Simulations and experimental results regarding the detectability of such plugs with different masses/lengths are presented. (author)

Grena, Roberto; Scafe, Raffaele; Pisacane, Fabrizio; Pilato, Renzo; Crescenzi, Tommaso; Mazzei, Domenico [ENEA, Casaccia Research Centre, via Anguillarese 301, 00123 S. Maria di Galeria, Rome (Italy)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Detecting Things We Cannot See: Learning the Concepts of Control and Variable in an Experiment Submitted by Anita Brook-Dupree, 1996 TRAC teacher at Fermilab, Teacher, Alternative Middle Years School, Philadelphia, PA. Particle physicists at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois are faced with the problem of detecting the presence of sub-atomic particles they cannot see. During my summer as a TRAC teacher at Fermilab, I tried to think of ways to teach middle school students about things we cannot see. I want to thank my nine-year-old daughter Gia for the idea for the following activity. I was lamenting that I could not come up with ideas of how to relate the work of Fermilab scientists to anything that my students would understand. Then I was reminded by my daughter, that when I brought her to school on the

39

Environmental assessment of the thermal neutron activation explosive detection system for concourse use at US airports  

SciTech Connect

This document is an environmental assessment of a system designed to detect the presence of explosives in checked airline baggage or cargo. The system is meant to be installed at the concourse or lobby ticketing areas of US commercial airports and uses a sealed radioactive source of californium-252 to irradiate baggage items. The major impact of the use of this system arises from direct exposure of the public to scattered or leakage radiation from the source and to induced radioactivity in baggage items. Under normal operation and the most likely accident scenarios, the environmental impacts that would be created by the proposed licensing action would not be significant. 44 refs., 19 figs., 18 tabs.

Jones, C.G.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Active Detection and Imaging of Nuclear Materials with High-Brightness Gamma Rays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Compton scattering {gamma}-ray source, capable of producing photons with energies ranging from 0.1 MeV to 0.9 MeV has been commissioned and characterized, and then used to perform nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiments. The performances of the two laser systems (one for electron production, one for scattering), the electron photoinjector, and the linear accelerator are also detailed, and {gamma}-ray results are presented. The key source parameters are the size (0.01 mm{sup 2}), horizontal and vertical divergence (6 x 10 mrad{sup 2}), duration (10 ps), spectrum and intensity (10{sup 5} photons/shot). These parameters are summarized by the peak brightness, 1.5 x 10{sup 15} photons/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}/s/0.1% bandwidth, measured at 478 keV. Additional measurements of the flux as a function of the timing difference between the drive laser pulse and the relativistic photo-electron bunch, {gamma}-ray beam profile, and background evaluations are presented. These results are systematically compared to theoretical models and computer simulations. NRF measurements performed on {sup 7}Li in LiH demonstrate the potential of Compton scattering photon sources to accurately detect isotopes in situ.

Barty, C J; Gibson, D J; Albert, F; Anderson, S G; Anderson, G G; Betts, S M; Berry, R D; Fisher, S E; Hagmann, C A; Johnson, M S; Messerly, M J; Phan, H H; Semenov, V A; Shverdin, M Y; Tremaine, A M; Hartemann, F V; Siders, C W; McNabb, D P

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Design and operation specifications of an active monitoring system for detecting southern resident killer whales  

SciTech Connect

Before final approval is given to the Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 for deploying the first tidal power devices in the United States in an open water environment, a system to manage the potential risk of injury to killer whales due to collision with moving turbine blades must be demonstrated. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is tasked with establishing the performance requirements for, constructing, and testing a prototype marine animal alert system for triggering temporary turbine shutdown when there is risk of collision with a killer whale. To develop a system that relies on active sonar two critical areas must be investigated - the target strength of killer whales and the frequency content of commercially available active sonar units. PNNL studied three target strength models: a simple model, the Fourier matching model, and the Kirchoff-ray mode model. Using target strength measurements of bottlenose dolphins obtained by previous researchers and assuming killer whales share similar morphology and structure, PNNL extrapolated the target strength of an adult killer whale 7.5 m in length at a frequency of 67 kHz. To study the frequency content of a commercially available sonar unit, direct measurements of the signal transmitted by the sonar were obtained by using a hydrophone connected to a data acquisition system in both laboratory and field conditions. The measurements revealed that in addition to the primary frequency of 200 kHz, there is a secondary frequency component at 90 kHz, which is within the hearing range of killer whales. The amplitude of the 90-kHz frequency component is above the hearing threshold of killer whales but below the threshold for potential injuries.

Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Xu, Jinshan; Martinez, Jayson J.; Weiland, Mark A.; Mueller, Robert P.; Myers, Joshua R.; Jones, Mark E.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

42

Parametric Evaluation of Active Neutron Interrogation for the Detection of Shielded Highly-Enriched Uranium in the Field  

SciTech Connect

Parametric studies using numerical simulations are being performed to assess the performance capabilities and limits of active neutron interrogation for detecting shielded highly enriched uranium (HEU). Varying the shield material, HEU mass, HEU depth inside the shield, and interrogating neutron source energy, the simulations account for both neutron and photon emission signatures from the HEU with resolution in both energy and time. The results are processed to represent different irradiation timing schemes and several different classes of radiation detectors, and evaluated using a statistical approach considering signal intensity over background. This paper describes the details of the modeling campaign and some preliminary results, weighing the strengths of alternative measurement approaches for the different irradiation scenarios.

D. L. Chcihester; E. H. Seabury; S. J. Thompson; R. R. C. Clement

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Detection of Anomalous Reactor Activity Using Antineutrino Count Rate Evolution Over the Course of a Reactor Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the sensitivity of antineutrino count rate measurements to changes in the fissile content of civil power reactors. Such measurements may be useful in IAEA reactor safeguards applications. We introduce a hypothesis testing procedure to identify statistically significant differences between the antineutrino count rate evolution of a standard 'baseline' fuel cycle and that of an anomalous cycle, in which plutonium is removed and replaced with an equivalent fissile worth of uranium. The test would allow an inspector to detect anomalous reactor activity, or to positively confirm that the reactor is operating in a manner consistent with its declared fuel inventory and power level. We show that with a reasonable choice of detector parameters, the test can detect replacement of 73 kg of plutonium in 90 days with 95% probability, while controlling the false positive rate at 5%. We show that some improvement on this level of sensitivity may be expected by various means, including use of the method in conjunction with existing reactor safeguards methods. We also identify a necessary and sufficient daily antineutrino count rate to achieve the quoted sensitivity, and list examples of detectors in which such rates have been attained.

Vera Bulaevskaya; Adam Bernstein

2010-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

An Analysis of a Spreader Bar Crane Mounted Gamma-Ray Radiation Detection System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over 95% of imports entering the United States from outside North America arrive via cargo containers by sea at 329 ports of entry. The current layered approach for the detection only scans 5% of cargo bound for the United States. This is inadequate to protect our country. This research involved the building of a gamma-ray radiation detection system used for cargo scanning. The system was mounted on a spreader bar crane (SBC) at the Port of Tacoma (PoT) and the applicability and capabilities of the system were analyzed. The detection system provided continuous count rate and spectroscopic data among three detectors while operating in an extreme environment. In a separate set of experiments, 60Co and 137Cs sources were positioned inside a cargo container and data were recorded for several count times. The Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) code was used to simulate a radioactive source inside an empty cargo container and the results were compared to experimentally recorded data. The detection system demonstrated the ability to detect 60Co, 137Cs, 192Ir, highly-enriched uranium (HEU), and weapons-grade plutonium (WGPu) with minimum detectable activities (MDA) of 5.9 ± 0.4 microcuries (?Ci), 19.3 ± 1.1 ?Ci, 11.7 ± 0.6 ?Ci, 3.5 ± 0.3 kilograms (kg), and 30.6 ± 1.3 grams (g), respectively. This system proved strong gamma-ray detection capabilities, but was limited in the detection of fissile materials Additional details of this system are presented and advantages of this approach to cargo scanning over current approaches are discussed.

Grypp, Matthew D

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Assessment of inhalation and ingestion doses from exposure to radon gas using passive and active detecting techniques  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to assess an environmental hazard of radon exhalation rate from the samples of soil and drinking water in selected locations in Iraqi Kurdistan, passive (CR-39NTDs) and active (RAD7) detecting techniques has been employed. Long and short term measurements of emitted radon concentrations were estimated for 124 houses. High and lower radon concentration in soil samples was in the cities of Hajyawa and Er. Tyrawa, respectively. Moreover, for drinking water, high and low radon concentration was in the cities of Similan and Kelak, respectively. A comparison between our results with that mentioned in international reports had been done. Average annual dose equivalent to the bronchial epithelium, stomach and whole body in the cities of Kelak and Similan are estimated, and it was varied from 0.04{+-}0.01 mSv to 0.547{+-}0.018 mSv, (2.832{+-}0.22)x10{sup -5} to (11.972{+-}2.09)x10{sup -5} mSv, and (0.056 {+-}0.01) x10{sup -5} to (0.239{+-}0.01)x10{sup -5} mSv, respectively. This indicated that the effects of dissolved radon on the bronchial epithelium are much than on the stomach and whole body. (authors)

Ismail, A. H.; Jafaar, M. S. [Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

SGR J1550-5418 BURSTS DETECTED WITH THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY BURST MONITOR DURING ITS MOST PROLIFIC ACTIVITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have performed detailed temporal and time-integrated spectral analysis of 286 bursts from SGR J1550-5418 detected with the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) in 2009 January, resulting in the largest uniform sample of temporal and spectral properties of SGR J1550-5418 bursts. We have used the combination of broadband and high time-resolution data provided with GBM to perform statistical studies for the source properties. We determine the durations, emission times, duty cycles, and rise times for all bursts, and find that they are typical of SGR bursts. We explore various models in our spectral analysis, and conclude that the spectra of SGR J1550-5418 bursts in the 8-200 keV band are equally well described by optically thin thermal bremsstrahlung (OTTB), a power law (PL) with an exponential cutoff (Comptonized model), and two blackbody (BB) functions (BB+BB). In the spectral fits with the Comptonized model, we find a mean PL index of -0.92, close to the OTTB index of -1. We show that there is an anti-correlation between the Comptonized E{sub peak} and the burst fluence and average flux. For the BB+BB fits, we find that the fluences and emission areas of the two BB functions are correlated. The low-temperature BB has an emission area comparable to the neutron star surface area, independent of the temperature, while the high-temperature BB has a much smaller area and shows an anti-correlation between emission area and temperature. We compare the properties of these bursts with bursts observed from other SGR sources during extreme activations, and discuss the implications of our results in the context of magnetar burst models.

Van der Horst, A. J.; Finger, M. H. [Universities Space Research Association, NSSTC, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Kouveliotou, C. [Space Science Office, VP62, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Gorgone, N. M. [Connecticut College, New London, CT 06320 (United States); Kaneko, Y.; Goegues, E.; Lin, L. [Sabanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I University, Orhanl Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I -Tuzla, Istanbul 34956 (Turkey); Baring, M. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, MS-108, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251 (United States); Guiriec, S.; Bhat, P. N.; Chaplin, V. L.; Goldstein, A. [University of Alabama, Huntsville, CSPAR, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Granot, J. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Watts, A. L. [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bissaldi, E.; Gruber, D. [Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, Postfach 1312, 85748 Garching (Germany); Gehrels, N.; Harding, A. K. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Gibby, M. H.; Giles, M. M., E-mail: A.J.VanDerHorst@uva.nl [Jacobs Technology, Inc., Huntsville, AL (United States); and others

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

47

Detecting Source Regions of Wave Activities in the Tropical Atmosphere by Applying Beamforming to Interpolated Data Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave activities are primary sources of weather disturbances and cyclones in the tropical atmosphere. One such activity is the intraseasonal variations in wind, convection, and precipitation in the tropical Indian and western tropical Pacific ...

Qi Hu; Zhaoning Liang; Michael W. Hoffman

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Effects of 4-phenylbutyric acid on the process and development of diabetic nephropathy induced in rats by streptozotocin: Regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress-oxidative activation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), although the precise regulatory mechanism is still unclear. Recent reports have shown that chemical molecular chaperone 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) can suppress oxidative stress by attenuating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. We therefore hypothesized that 4-PBA could provide renoprotection through the suppression of oxidative stress in DN rats. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: a normal control (NC) group, a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN model group, and a DN plus 4-PBA (1 g/kg) treatment group. At the end of 4, 8, and 12 weeks, hydroxyproline content, NADPH oxidase activity and the expression of phosphorylation of inositol-requiring enzyme-1{alpha} (p-IRE1{alpha}), p47phox, nitrotyrosine (NT) and NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the kidneys of all rats were determined; malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in serum and urine were also detected; renal nuclear factor {kappa}B (NF-{kappa}B) activity in all of the rats was examined at the end of 12 weeks. Compared with the NC group, the DN rats showed a significant increase in hydroxyproline content, NADPH oxidase activity, NF-{kappa}B activity, the expression of p-IRE1{alpha}, p47phox, NT and Nrf2 in renal tissue; markedly, MDA levels were higher and SOD activity was lower in serum and urine of DN rats than in NC rats for the indicated time. These alterations were inhibited by the administration of 4-PBA. These findings first demonstrated that treatment with 4-PBA significantly inhibits the process and development of diabetic nephropathy in rats through the regulation of ER stress-oxidative activation.

Luo Zhifeng [Institute of Nephrology of Chongqing and Department of Nephrology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037 (China); Feng Bing, E-mail: fxb12@yahoo.com.c [Institute of Nephrology of Chongqing and Department of Nephrology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037 (China); Mu Jiao; Qi Wei; Zeng Wei; Guo Yanhong; Pang Qi; Ye Zilin; Liu Li; Yuan Fahuan [Institute of Nephrology of Chongqing and Department of Nephrology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037 (China)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

DogoIDS: a mobile and active intrusion detection system for IEEE 802.11s wireless mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Mesh Networks (WMN) are particularly vulnerable to attacks, since they feature constraint nodes, multi-hop communication, and an open wireless communication channel. These features limit the feasibility of the deployment of contemporary Intrusion ... Keywords: intrusion detection, security, wireless mesh networks

Rodrigo do Carmo; Matthias Hollick

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

DETECTION OF COMA ACTIVITY OF THE ACO/QUASI-HILDA OBJECT 212P/2000YN{sub 30}  

SciTech Connect

The quasi-Hilda object 212P/2000YN{sub 30}, which has a cometary-like orbit, was found to display a dust tail structure between 2009 January and March. From orbital calculations, it is shown that this object could have been an active comet in the past before being transported to its current orbital configuration in quasi-stable 3:2 resonance with Jupiter.

Cheng, Y.-C.; Ip, W.-H., E-mail: m969005@astro.ncu.edu.tw [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Road, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

Radon detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detector for atmospheric radon using a long range alpha detector as its sensing element is described. An electrostatic filter removes ions from ambient air, while allowing radon atoms to pass into a decay cavity. Here, radon atoms are allowed to decay, creating air ions. These air ions are drawn by a fan through a second electrostatic filter which can be activated or deactivated, and into the long range alpha detector. With the second electrostatic filter activated, no air ions are allowed to pass, and the signal output from the long range alpha detector consists of only the electronic background. With the second electrostatic filter deactivated, air ions and cosmic rays will be detected. The cosmic ray contribution can be minimized by shielding. 3 figures.

MacArthur, D.W.; Allander, K.S.; Bounds, J.A.

1994-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

52

Radon detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detector for atmospheric radon using a long range alpha detector as its sensing element. An electrostatic filter removes ions from ambient air, while allowing radon atoms to pass into a decay cavity. Here, radon atoms are allowed to decay, creating air ions. These air ions are drawn by a fan through a second electrostatic filter which can be activated or deactivated, and into the long range alpha detector. With the second electrostatic filter activated, no air ions are allowed to pass, and the signal output from the long range alpha detector consists of only the electronic background. With the second electrostatic filter deactivated, air ions and cosmic rays will be detected. The cosmic ray contribution can be minimized by shielding.

MacArthur, Duncan W. (Los Alamos, NM); Allander, Krag S. (Ojo Caliente, NM); Bounds, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

UNICORN: misuse detection for UNICOS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective method for detecting computer misuse is the automatic auditing and analysis of on-line user activity. This activity is reflected in the system audit record, by changes in the vulnerability posture of the system configuration, and in other ... Keywords: anomaly detection, computer misuse, auditing, UNICOS, computer security, hacking, intrusion detection, security logs

Gary G. Christoph; Kathleen A. Jackson; Michael C. Neuman; Christine L. B. Siciliano; Dennis D. Simmonds; Cathy A. Stallings; Joseph L. Thompson

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Remote detection of fissile material : Cherenkov counters for gamma detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for large-size detectors for long-range active interrogation (Al) detection has generated interest in water-based detector technologies. AI is done using external radiation sources to induce fission and to detect, ...

Erickson, Anna S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Formulation of ELF magnetic fields' effects on malondialdehyde level and myeloperoxidase activity in kidney using genetic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In vivo exposure effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on various tissues of experiment animals have been investigated. In this sense, modeling and formulation of these biological effects have been of significant importance. In this study extremely ... Keywords: ELF magnetic fields, Genetic programming, MDA level, MPO activity

Gülay Tohumoglu; Ay?e G. Canseven; Abdulkadir Çevik; Nesrin Seyhan

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Annual Progress Report on the Development of Waste Tank Leak Monitoring and Detection and Mitigation Activities in Support of M-45-08  

SciTech Connect

Milestone M-45-09E of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement or TPA) [TPA 1996] requires submittal of an annual progress report on the development of waste tank leak detection, monitoring, and mitigation (LDMM) activities associated with the retrieval of waste from single-shell tanks (SSTs). This report details progress for fiscal year 2000, building on the current LDMM strategy and including discussion of technologies, applications, cost, schedule, and technical data. The report also includes discussion of demonstrations conducted and recommendations for additional testing. Tri-Party Agreement Milestones M-45-08A and M-45-08B required design and demonstration of LDMM systems for initial retrieval of SST waste. These specific milestones have recently been deleted as part of the M-45-00A change package. Future LDMM development work has been incorporated into specific technology demonstration milestones and SST waste retrieval milestones in the M-45-03 and M-45-05 milestone series.

DEFIGH PRICE, C.

2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

57

Activation detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of detecting an activator, the method including impinging with an activator a receptor material lacking a photoluminescent material and generating a by-product of a radioactive decay due to the activator impinging the receptor material. The method further including, generating light from the by-product via the Cherenkov effect and identifying a characteristic of the activator based on the light.

Bell, Zane William (Oak Ridge, TN); Boatner, Lynn Allen (Oak Ridge, TN)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

58

Predictive analysis of concealed social network activities based on communication technology choices: early-warning detection of attack signals from terrorist organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

activities based on communication technology choices: early-of what their communications technology choices may revealall avail- able communications technology use records over

Drozdova, Katya; Samoilov, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Application of In-Situ High Energy-Resolution Fluorescence Detection and Time-Resolved X-Ray Spectroscopy: Catalytic Activation of Oxygen over Supported Gold Catalysts  

SciTech Connect

Life-time-broadening reduction in high-energy-resolution fluorescence detected XAS produced spectra of unprecedented detail. Au L3 edge spectra of a Au/Al2O3 catalyst under various reaction conditions showed the interaction of oxygen with the gold particles on this catalyst. A reaction path on the gold particle in the oxidation of CO was established.

Bokhoven, Jeroen A. van [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich (Switzerland); Tromp, Moniek [University of Southampton, School of Chemistry, Southampton (United Kingdom); Glatzel, Pieter; Safonova, Olga [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

60

Solar system fault detection  

SciTech Connect

A fault detecting apparatus and method are provided for use with an active solar system. The apparatus provides an indication as to whether one or more predetermined faults have occurred in the solar system. The apparatus includes a plurality of sensors, each sensor being used in determining whether a predetermined condition is present. The outputs of the sensors are combined in a pre-established manner in accordance with the kind of predetermined faults to be detected. Indicators communicate with the outputs generated by combining the sensor outputs to give the user of the solar system and the apparatus an indication as to whether a predetermined fault has occurred. Upon detection and indication of any predetermined fault, the user can take appropriate corrective action so that the overall reliability and efficiency of the active solar system are increased.

Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO); Pruett, Jr., James C. (Lakewood, CO)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Solar system fault detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fault detecting apparatus and method are provided for use with an active solar system. The apparatus provides an indication as to whether one or more predetermined faults have occurred in the solar system. The apparatus includes a plurality of sensors, each sensor being used in determining whether a predetermined condition is present. The outputs of the sensors are combined in a pre-established manner in accordance with the kind of predetermined faults to be detected. Indicators communicate with the outputs generated by combining the sensor outputs to give the user of the solar system and the apparatus an indication as to whether a predetermined fault has occurred. Upon detection and indication of any predetermined fault, the user can take appropriate corrective action so that the overall reliability and efficiency of the active solar system are increased.

Farrington, R.B.; Pruett, J.C. Jr.

1984-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

62

Detection device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a detection device comprising: (1) an entrance chamber; (2) a central chamber; and (3) an exit chamber. The central chamber includes an ionizing gas, anode, and means for connecting the anode with an external power supply and pulse counter.

Smith, J.E.

1981-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

63

Detection Apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention concerns a sensitive apparatus for detecting and counting neutrons, particularly neutrons liberated in an alpha, neutron reaction. The apparatus includes an improved ionization chamber structure together with an improved combination alpha-particle source and holder for the material under test.

Anderson, H.L.

1950-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

64

Detection device for hazardous material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a detection device that is activated by the interaction of a hazardous chemical with a coating interactive with said chemical on an optical fiber thereby reducing the amount of light passing through the fiber to a light detector. A combination of optical filters separates the light into a signal beam and a reference beam which after detection, appropriate amplification, and comparison with preset internal signals, activates an alarm means if a predetermined level of contaminant is observed.

Partin, J.K.; Grey, A.E.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Computational Method for Detecting and Enhancing Protein ...  

Technology Marketing Summary ORNL researchers have developed a method that uses simulation and experimental data to detect, analyze, and manipulate protein activity.

66

Spectroscopic detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In embodiments, spectroscopic monitor monitors modulated light signals to detect low levels of contaminants and other compounds in the presence of background interference. The monitor uses a spectrometer that includes a transmissive modulator capable of causing different frequency ranges to move onto and off of the detector. The different ranges can include those with the desired signal and those selected to subtract background contributions from those with the desired signal. Embodiments of the system are particularly useful for monitoring metal concentrations in combustion effluent.

Woskov, Paul P. (Bedford, MA); Hadidi, Kamal (Cambridge, MA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nucleic acid detection compositions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to means for the detection and characterization of nucleic acid sequences, as well as variations in nucleic acid sequences. The present invention also relates to methods for forming a nucleic acid cleavage structure on a target sequence and cleaving the nucleic acid cleavage structure in a site-specific manner. The structure-specific nuclease activity of a variety of enzymes is used to cleave the target-dependent cleavage structure, thereby indicating the presence of specific nucleic acid sequences or specific variations thereof.

Prudent, James R. (Madison, WI); Hall, Jeff G. (Madison, WI); Lyamichev, Victor I. (Madison, WI); Brow, Mary Ann (Madison, WI); Dahlberg, James L. (Madison, WI)

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

68

Voice Activity Detection in the Tiger Platform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Sectra Communications AB has developed a terminal for encrypted communication called the Tiger platform. During voice communication delays have sometimes been experienced resulting in… (more)

Thorell, Hampus

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Fuel washout detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting grossly failed reactor fuel by detection of particulate matter as accumulated on a filter.

Colburn, Richard P. (Pasco, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Outlier detection by logic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of effective knowledge discovery techniques has become a very active research area in recent years due to the important impact it has had in several relevant application domains. One interesting task therein is that of singling out anomalous ... Keywords: Outlier detection, computational complexity, logic programming, nonmonotonic reasoning

Fabrizio Angiulli; Gianluigi Greco; Luigi Palopoli

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

How to Detect Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How to Detect Radiation How to Survey Measurement Safety Around Radiation Sources Types of Radiation Exposure Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Detection How...

72

Portable modular detection system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are portable and modular detection devices and systems for detecting electromagnetic radiation, such as fluorescence, from an analyte which comprises at least one optical element removably attached to at least one alignment rail. Also disclosed are modular detection devices and systems having an integrated lock-in amplifier and spatial filter and assay methods using the portable and modular detection devices.

Brennan, James S. (Rodeo, CA); Singh, Anup (Danville, CA); Throckmorton, Daniel J. (Tracy, CA); Stamps, James F. (Livermore, CA)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

73

Radiation Detection Instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Directory of Accredited Laboratories. Radiation Detection Instruments. In 2005, the Department of Homeland Security requested ...

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

74

Detection of pump degradation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are a variety of stressors that can affect the operation of centrifugal pumps. Although these general stressors are active in essentially all centrifugal pumps, the stressor level and the extent of wear and degradation can vary greatly. Parameters that affect the extent of stressor activity are manifold. In order to assure the long-term operational readiness of a pump, it is important to both understand the nature and magnitude of the specific degradation mechanisms and to monitor the performance of the pump. The most commonly applied method of monitoring the condition of not only pumps, but rotating machinery in general, is vibration analysis. Periodic or continuous spectral vibration analysis is a cornerstone of most pump monitoring programs. In the nuclear industry, non-spectral vibration monitoring of safety-related pumps is performed in accordance with the ASME code. Although vibration analysis has dominated the condition monitoring field for many years, there are other measures that have been historically used to help understand pump condition: advances in historically applied technologies and developing technologies offer improved monitoring capabilities. The capabilities of several technologies (including vibration analysis, dynamic pressure analysis, and motor power analysis) to detect the presence and magnitude of both stressors and resultant degradation are discussed.

Casada, D.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

ANL Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities of the DOD Activities of the DOD Project Office focus today on the Navy's Free Electron Laser Program Argonne Accelerator Institute Meeting June 16, 2009 2 Several Beam Activities and Interests Ongoing  Terahertz sources and applications  Navy Free Electron Laser (Focus area today)  Free Electron Laser Applications  Electromagnetic Interference Technology Review Committees  Novel Fiber Optic Materials with Army Research Lab  Optical Diagnostics for next-generation light sources  Neutron detection schemes  NATO Sensors and Electronics Panel, international field tests of directed energy source applications  Controls  Radiation Oncology 3 Background, Naval Directed Energy History The U.S Navy has been investigating utility of lasers since the 1960's and the

76

Arsenic activation neutron detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detector of bursts of neutrons from a deuterium-deuteron reaction includes a quantity of arsenic adjacent a gamma detector such as a scintillator and photomultiplier tube. The arsenic is activated by the 2.5-MeV neutrons to release gamma radiation which is detected to give a quantitative representation of detected neutrons.

Jacobs, E.L.

1980-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

77

Detecting and Analyzing Multiple Moving Objects in a Crowd  

with a video recording apparatus to detect, count, and analyze regions of activity in crowds was developed by computer scientists at ORNL. The algorithm

78

Microfluidic gas flow profiling using remote detection NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using remote detection NMR Christian Hilty* † , Eringas mixture containing 0.3% NMR active 129 Xe (1% Xe atNuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) to obtain spatially and

Hilty, Christian; McDonnell, Erin; Granwehr, Josef; Pierce, Kimberly; Han, Song-I Han; Pines, Alexander

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Intrusion Detection: Characterising intrusion detection sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intrusion detection sensor is defined as a device that collects and analyses network traffic for the purpose of identifying suspicious events. Too often the value of a sensor is associated with its data collection and analysis features. Experience ...

Siraj A. Shaikh; Howard Chivers; Philip Nobles; John A. Clark; Hao Chen

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Parallelizing data race detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detecting data races in multithreaded programs is a crucial part of debugging such programs, but traditional data race detectors are too slow to use routinely. This paper shows how to speed up race detection by spreading the work across multiple cores. ... Keywords: data race detection, uniparallelism

Benjamin Wester; David Devecsery; Peter M. Chen; Jason Flinn; Satish Narayanasamy

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

LANL | Physics | Active Interrogation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Division activities in standoff active-interrogation for detecting Physics Division activities in standoff active-interrogation for detecting terrorist nuclear devices, 2011 Detonation of a terrorist nuclear device in a major city would have severe economic, psychological and cultural consequences. To help prevent the fulfillment of such a threat, Physics Division has been exploring techniques by which highly-enriched uranium could be detected before reaching its intended target. We have focused on the use of high-energy protons and negative-muons because of their ability to probe deeply into structures and shielding that would surround the uranium, and their capability to stimulate radiation signatures indicating 235U. Our experimental studies for standoff active-interrogation are enabled by the 800-MeV proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, which

82

A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...

Kirtley Jr, James L.

83

Fracture detection and mapping  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Because the costs of drilling, completing, and testing a well can be extremely high, it is important to develop better tools and methods for locating high permeability zones prior to drilling, and to develop better tools and methods for identifying and characterizing major fracture zones during the drilling and well testing stages. At the recommendation of the LBL Industry Review Panel on Geothermal Reservoir Technology, we organized and convened a one-day workshop this past July to discuss various aspects of DOE's current and planned activities in fracture detection, to review the geothermal industry's near-term and long-term research needs, to determine the priority of those needs, to disseminate to industry the status of research in progress, and to discuss the possibility of future joint research between industry and DOE. In this paper we present a brief overview of the workshop from the perspective of those who participated in it and provided us with written comments to a questionnaire that was distributed.

Goldstein, N.E.; Iovenitti, J.L.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Current status of bioassay procedures to detect and quantify previous exposures to radioactive materials. Bioassay Procedures Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report was prepared by a working group established by the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) for the purpose of assessing the current capabilities of bioassay methods that can be used to determine the occurrence and magnitude of a previous internal deposition of one or more radionuclides. The first five sections discuss general features of the use of in-vitro bioassay samples to achieve this purpose. The remainder of the report is focused on the possible use of urine bioassay procedures to detect and quantify internal depositions of radionuclides that may have occurred in United States occupation troops in Hiroshima or Nagasaki, Japan, prior to 1 July 1946, or to personnel who participated in atmospheric nuclear weapons tests conducted between 1945 and 1962. Theoretical calculations were made to estimate the quantities of various radionuclides produced in a 20-kiloton (kt) nuclear detonation that might still be present in measurable quantities in people today if they were exposed 25 to 40 y ago. Two radionuclides that emerged as good choices for this type of bioassay analysis were 90Sr, which emits beta particles, and 239,240Pu, which emits alpha particles. The current status and future prospects of chemical procedures for analyzing in-vitro urine bioassay samples for these two radionuclides were examined to determine the minimum amounts that could be detected with current methods and how much one might expect the sensitivity of detection to improve in the near future. Most routine 239,240Pu bioassay analyses involve detection by alpha spectrometry. The current minimum detectable amount (MDA) is about 0.74 mBq L-1 (20 fCi L-1), but this could be lowered to 74 muBq L-1 (2 fCi L-1). An MDA of 0.74 mBq L-1 (20 fCi L-1) is adequate for routine bioassay analyses but is too high to detect most uptakes of 239,240Pu that may have occurred 25 to 40 y ago.

Boecker, B.; Hall, R.; Inn, K.; Lawrence, J.; Ziemer, P.; Eisele, G.; Wachholz, B.; Burr, W. Jr. (Lovelace Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Exploring underwater target detection by imaging polarimetry and correlation techniques M *Corresponding author: ayman.al-falou@isen.fr Underwater target detection is investigated by combining active. This experimentally study illustrates the potential of polarization imaging for underwater target detection and opens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Enhancing byte-level network intrusion detection signatures with context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many network intrusion detection systems (NIDS) use byte sequences as signatures to detect malicious activity. While being highly efficient, they tend to suffer from a high false-positive rate. We develop the concept of contextual signatures as ... Keywords: bro, evaluation, network intrusion detection, pattern matching, security, signatures, snort

Robin Sommer; Vern Paxson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Detecting research topics via the correlation between graphs and texts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we address the problem of detecting topics in large-scale linked document collections. Recently, topic detection has become a very active area of research due to its utility for information navigation, trend analysis, and high-level description ... Keywords: citation graphs, correlation of text and links, graph mining, probabilistic measure, topic detection

Yookyung Jo; Carl Lagoze; C. Lee Giles

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Sulfide chemiluminescence detection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method of chemiluminescently determining a sulfide which is either hydrogen sulfide or methyl mercaptan by reacting the sulfide with chlorine dioxide at low pressure and under conditions which allow a longer reaction time in emission of a single photon for every two sulfide containing species, and thereafter, chemiluminescently detecting and determining the sulfide. The invention also relates not only to the detection method, but the novel chemical reaction and a specifically designed chemiluminescence detection cell for the reaction.

Spurlin, Stanford R. (Ames, IA); Yeung, Edward S. (Ames, IA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Sulfide chemiluminescence detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for chemiluminescently determining a sulfide which is either hydrogen sulfide or methyl mercaptan by reacting the sulfide with chlorine dioxide at low pressure and under conditions which allow a longer reaction time in emission of a single photon for every two sulfide containing species, and thereafter, chemiluminescently detecting and determining the sulfide. The invention also relates not only to the detection method, but the novel chemical reaction and a specifically designed chemiluminescence detection cell for the reaction. 4 figs.

Spurlin, S.R.; Yeung, E.S.

1985-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

90

Neutron-detection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atomic fission counting apparatus used for neutron detection is provided with spirally curved electrode plates uniformly spaced apart in a circular array and coated with fissile material.

Kopp, M.K.; Valentine, K.H.

1981-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

Liquid level detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a method. It is for detecting presence of a liquid level at a first predetermined point along the depth of a borehole.

Fryer, C.D.; Stie, K.E.; Wedel, M.W.; Stamper, K.R.

1990-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Neutron detection apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An atomic fission counting apparatus used for neutron detection is provided with spirally curved electrode plates uniformly spaced apart in a circular array and coated with fissile material.

Kopp, Manfred K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Valentine, Kenneth H. (Lenoir City, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Flaw Detection and Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Planar flaw classification and NDE detection methods...Lack of bonding Forging or rolling lap Casting cold shut Heat treatment cracks Grinding cracks Plating cracks Fatigue cracks Stress-corrosion cracks Welding cracks Lack of fusion Incomplete penetration Brazing debond NDE detection methods Visual Replication microscopy Magnetic particle Magnetic...

94

On Detecting Spatial Outliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing volume of spatial data has greatly challenged our ability to extract useful but implicit knowledge from them. As an important branch of spatial data mining, spatial outlier detection aims to discover the objects whose non-spatial ... Keywords: algorithm, outlier detection, spatial data mining

Dechang Chen; Chang-Tien Lu; Yufeng Kou; Feng Chen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Lean blowoff detection sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for detecting incipient lean blowoff conditions in a lean premixed combustion nozzle of a gas turbine. A sensor near the flame detects the concentration of hydrocarbon ions and/or electrons produced by combustion and the concentration monitored as a function of time are used to indicate incipient lean blowoff conditions.

Thornton, Jimmy (Morgantown, WV); Straub, Douglas L. (Morgantown, WV); Chorpening, Benjamin T. (Morgantown, WV); Huckaby, David (Morgantown, WV)

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

Analytes Detected from Crude, Dirty Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 5. Kit-Based Platform Explosives detection Fission product detection Nerve agent detection Bioagent detection DNA Extraction? Page 6. ...

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

Research Article Curcumin Decreased Oxidative Stress, Inhibited NF-?B Activation, and Improved Liver Pathology in Ethanol-Induced Liver Injury in Rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To study the mechanism of curcumin-attenuated inflammation and liver pathology in early stage of alcoholic liver disease, female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups and treated with ethanol or curcumin via an intragastric tube for 4 weeks. A control group treated with distilled water, and an ethanol group was treated with ethanol (7.5 g/kg bw). Treatment groups were fed with ethanol supplemented with curcumin (400 or 1 200 mg/kg bw). The liver histopathology in ethanol group revealed mild-tomoderate steatosis and mild necroinflammation. Hepatic MDA, hepatocyte apoptosis, and NF-?B activation increased significantly in ethanol-treated group when compared with control. Curcumin treatments resulted in improving of liver pathology, decreasing the elevation of hepatic MDA, and inhibition of NF-?B activation. The 400 mg/kg bw of curcumin treatment revealed only a trend of decreased hepatocyte apoptosis. However, the results of SOD activity, PPAR? protein expression showed no difference among the groups. In conclusion, curcumin improved liver histopathology in early stage of ethanol-induced liver injury by reduction of oxidative stress and inhibition of NF-?B activation. Copyright © 2009 Suchittra Samuhasaneeto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 1.

Suchittra Samuhasaneeto; Duangporn Thong-ngam; Onanong Kulaputana; Doungsamon Suyasunanont; Naruemon Klaikeaw

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Detecting Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The likelihood ratio of the data for a hypothesis of some change, relative to the hypothesis of no change, is a suitable statistical measure for the detection of climate change. Likelihood ratios calculated on the basis of Angell and Korshover's (...

Edward S. Epstein

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Detection of counterfeit currency  

SciTech Connect

A method of detecting counterfeit currency by contacting the currency to be tested with near infrared beams in the spectrum below 1250 namometers, measuring reflectance of the near infrared beams and comparing the reflectance values with those from genuine currency.

Burns, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Efficient elastic burst detection in data streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burst detection is the activity of finding abnormal aggregates in data streams. Such aggregates are based on sliding windows over data streams. In some applications, we want to monitor many sliding window sizes simultaneously and to report those windows ... Keywords: data stream, elastic burst

Yunyue Zhu; Dennis Shasha

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Efficient search algorithms for RNAi target detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RNA interference (RNAi) is a posttranscriptional gene silencing mechanism used to study gene functions, inhibit viral activities, and treat diseases therapeutically. However, RNAi has off-target effects--non-target genes can be unintentionally silenced. ... Keywords: Off-target, RNAi target detection, Reverse string search, String inexact matching, String kernels, siRNA seed region

Shibin Qiu; Terran Lane; Cundong Yang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Comparative activation of estrogen receptor alpha (er alpha) by endocrine disruptors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estrogen receptor ? (ER?) is a ligand activated transcription factor. Many widely used synthetic compounds and natural chemicals can activate ER?. The compounds investigated in this study include 17?-estradiol (E2), diethylstilbestrol (DES), antiestrogens ICI 182,780, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, the phytoestrogen resveratrol, and the xenoestrogens bisphenol A (BPA), nonylphenol (NP), octylphenol (OP), endosulfan, kepone, 2,2-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1,1,1- trichloroethane (HPTE) and 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenylol-4-ol (HO-PCB-Cl4). With the exception of the antiestrogens, all the compounds induced transactivation in MCF-7 or MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with wild-type ER? and a construct (pERE3) containing three tandem estrogen responsive elements (EREs) linked to a luciferase gene. However, these compounds differentially activated C-terminal deletion mutants of ER?. For example, neither E2 nor DES induced transactivation in MCF-7 transfected with ER?(1-537) due to partial deletion of helix 12 of ER?; however, OP, NP, resveratrol, kepone and HPTE induced this ER? mutant, demonstrating that the estrogenic activity of these synthetic compounds do not require activation function 2 (AF-2) of ER?. This study also investigated the effects of xenoestrogens on activation of reporter gene activity in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with a construct (pSp13) containing three tandem GC-rich Sp binding sites linked to the luciferase gene. In MCF-7 cells, antiestrogen-induced activation of ER?/Sp1 required the zinc finger motifs of ER?, whereas activation by estrogen and some xenoestrogens activation, such as endosulfan, NP and OP required the H12 of ER?. In contrast, xenoestrogens, such as HPTE, BPA, kepone and HO-PCBCl4, significantly induced transactivation of all four ER? deletion mutants tested in this study. Moreover, RNA interference assays demonstrated structuredependent differences in activation of ER?/Sp1, ER?/Sp3 and ER?/Sp4. The in vivo activities of E2, ICI 182,780, BPA and NP were further investigated in a transgenic mouse model containing pSp13 transgene. All the compounds induced luciferase activity in the mouse uterus; however activities observed in the penis and testis of male and stomach of both male and female mice were structure-dependent,. These results demonstrate that various ER ligands differentially activate ER? in breast cancer cells and transgenic mice, and their activities are dependent on ER? variants, promoter-, cell-context and selective use of different Sp proteins, suggesting these structurally diverse compounds are selective ER modulators (SERMs).

Wu, Fei

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

KIDS: keyed intrusion detection system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since most current network attacks happen at the application layer, analysis of packet payload is necessary for their detection. Unfortunately malicious packets may be crafted to mimic normal payload, and so avoid detection if the anomaly detection method ... Keywords: Kerckhoffs' principle, anomaly detection, keyed IDS, network intrusion detection, word model

Sasa Mrdovic; Branislava Drazenovic

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Temperature differential detection device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature differential detection device for detecting the temperature differential between predetermined portions of a container wall is disclosed as comprising a Wheatstone bridge circuit for detecting resistance imbalance with a first circuit branch having a first elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a predetermined portion of the container wall, a second circuit branch having a second elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a second predetermined portion of a container wall with the wire elements having a predetermined temperature-resistant coefficient, an indicator interconnected between the first and second branches remote from the container wall for detecting and indicating resistance imbalance between the first and second wire elements, and connector leads for electrically connecting the wire elements to the remote indicator in order to maintain the respective resistance value relationship between the first and second wire elements. The indicator is calibrated to indicate the detected resistance imbalance in terms of a temperature differential between the first and second wall portions.

Girling, Peter M. (Allentown, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Temperature differential detection device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A temperature differential detection device for detecting the temperature differential between predetermined portions of a container wall is disclosed as comprising a Wheatstone bridge circuit for detecting resistance imbalance with a first circuit branch having a first elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a predetermined portion of the container wall, a second circuit branch having a second elongated wire element mounted in thermal contact with a second predetermined portion of a container wall with the wire elements having a predetermined temperature-resistant coefficient, an indicator interconnected between the first and second branches remote from the container wall for detecting and indicating resistance imbalance between the first and second wire elements, and connector leads for electrically connecting the wire elements to the remote indicator in order to maintain the respective resistance value relationship between the first and second wire elements. The indicator is calibrated to indicate the detected resistance imbalance in terms of a temperature differential between the first and second wall portions. 2 figs.

Girling, P.M.

1986-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

106

Error detection method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus, program product, and method that run an algorithm on a hardware based processor, generate a hardware error as a result of running the algorithm, generate an algorithm output for the algorithm, compare the algorithm output to another output for the algorithm, and detect the hardware error from the comparison. The algorithm is designed to cause the hardware based processor to heat to a degree that increases the likelihood of hardware errors to manifest, and the hardware error is observable in the algorithm output. As such, electronic components may be sufficiently heated and/or sufficiently stressed to create better conditions for generating hardware errors, and the output of the algorithm may be compared at the end of the run to detect a hardware error that occurred anywhere during the run that may otherwise not be detected by traditional methodologies (e.g., due to cooling, insufficient heat and/or stress, etc.).

Olson, Eric J.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

107

Composition for detecting uranyl  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to an indicator composition for use in spectrophotometric detection of a substance in a solution, and a method for making the composition. Useful indicators are sensitive to the particular substance being measured, but are unaffected by the fluid and other chemical species that may be present in the fluid. Optical indicators are used to measure the uranium concentration of process solutions in facilities for extracting uranium from ores, production of nuclear fuels, and reprocessing of irradiated fuels. The composition comprises an organohalide covalently bonded to an indicator for the substance, in such a manner that the product is itself an indicator that provides increased spectral resolution for detecting the substance. The indicator is preferably arsenazo III and the organohalide is preferably cyanuric chloride. These form a composition that is ideally suited for detecting uranyl.

Baylor, L.C.; Stephens, S.M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

NVLAP Radiation Detection Instruments LAP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiation Detection Instruments LAP. Leticia Pibida uses a hand-held radiation detection device to check cargo. Photo: Copyright Robert Rathe. ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

109

UV Decontamination of MDA Reagents for Single Cell Genomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reagents for Single Cell Genomics Janey Lee 1* , Damon TigheReagents for Single Cell Genomics Janey Lee 1 , Damon TigheAbstract Single cell genomics, the amplification and

Lee, Janey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Detection of solar events  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flux detection apparatus can include a radioactive sample having a decay rate capable of changing in response to interaction with a first particle or a field, and a detector associated with the radioactive sample. The detector is responsive to a second particle or radiation formed by decay of the radioactive sample. The rate of decay of the radioactive sample can be correlated to flux of the first particle or the field. Detection of the first particle or the field can provide an early warning for an impending solar event.

Fischbach, Ephraim; Jenkins, Jere

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

111

Radiation detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radiation detection system which utilizes the generation of Cerenkov light in and the transmission of that light longitudinally through fiber optic wave guides in order to transmit intelligence relating to the radiation to a remote location. The wave guides are aligned with respect to charged particle radiation so that the Cerenkov light, which is generated at an angle to the radiation, is accepted by the fiber for transmission therethrough. The Cerenkov radiation is detected, recorded, and analyzed at the other end of the fiber.

Nelson, Melvin A. (Santa Barbara, CA); Davies, Terence J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Morton, III, John R. (Livermore, CA)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Confidence Probability versus Detection Probability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a discovery sampling activity the auditor seeks to vet an inventory by measuring (or inspecting) a random sample of items from the inventory. When the auditor finds every sample item in compliance, he must then make a confidence statement about the whole inventory. For example, the auditor might say: ''We believe that this inventory of 100 items contains no more than 5 defectives with 95% confidence.'' Note this is a retrospective statement in that it asserts something about the inventory after the sample was selected and measured. Contrast this to the prospective statement: ''We will detect the existence of more than 5 defective items in this inventory with 95% probability.'' The former uses confidence probability while the latter uses detection probability. For a given sample size, the two probabilities need not be equal, indeed they could differ significantly. Both these probabilities critically depend on the auditor's prior belief about the number of defectives in the inventory and how he defines non-compliance. In other words, the answer strongly depends on how the question is framed.

Axelrod, M

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

113

Detection of counterfeit currency  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed of detecting counterfeit currency by contacting the currency to be tested with near infrared beams in the spectrum below 1,250 nanometers, measuring reflectance of the near infrared beams and comparing the reflectance values with those from genuine currency. 18 figs.

Burns, D.A.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

DETECTION OR WARNING SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent application describes a sensitive detection or protective system capable of giving an alarm or warning upon the entrance or intrusion of any body into a defined area or zone protected by a radiation field of suitable direction or extent.

Tillman, J.E.

1951-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Toward gravitational wave detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview of some tools and techniques being developed for data conditioning (regression of instrumental and environmental artifacts from the data channel), detector design evaluation (modeling the science ``reach'' of alternative detector designs and configurations), noise simulations for mock data challenges and analysis system validation, and analyses for the detection of gravitational radiation from gamma-ray burst sources.

L. S. Finn; G. Gonzalez; J. Hough; M. F. Huq; S. Mohanty; J. Romano; S. Rowan; P. R. Saulson; K. A. Strain

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

116

Wikipedia vandalism detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia that anyone can access and edit. It has become one of the most important sources of knowledge online and many third party projects rely on it for a wide-range of purposes. The open model of Wikipedia allows pranksters, ... Keywords: Wikipedia vandalism detection, machine learning, natural language processing, reputation

Santiago M. Mola-Velasco

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Radiation Detection from Fission  

SciTech Connect

This report briefly describes the neutrons and gamma rays emitted in fission, briefly discusses measurement methods, briefly discusses sources and detectors relevant to detection of shielded HEU in sealand containers, and lists the measurement possibilities for the various sources. The brief descriptions are supplemented by reference.

Mihalczo, J.

2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

118

Radiation detection system  

SciTech Connect

A radiation detection system including a radiation-to-light converter and fiber optic wave guides to transmit the light to a remote location for processing. The system utilizes fluors particularly developed for use with optical fibers emitting at wavelengths greater than about 500 nm and having decay times less than about 10 ns.

Franks, Larry A. (Santa Barbara, CA); Lutz, Stephen S. (Santa Barbara, CA); Lyons, Peter B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Initiative for Explosives Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capabilities. Staff at PNNL are developing effective integrated systems for explosives detection, addressing, fundamental science and health. Battelle, based in Columbus, Ohio, has operated PNNL since 1965. PNNL's long. PNNL is located in Richland, Washington. Additional web resources are at: http

120

Proposing a multi-touch interface for intrusion detection environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network Intrusion Detection is a critical task in today's environment, where network attacks and intrusions are everyday occurrences and state-level cyber warfare is a major concern. At the same time, it is a very difficult task, in part due to the large ... Keywords: activity theory, cognitive task analysis, data exploration, natural user interfaces, network intrusion detection visualization

Jeffrey Guenther; Fred Volk; Mark Shaneck

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Efficient data race detection for distributed memory parallel programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a precise data race detection technique for distributed memory parallel programs. Our technique, which we call Active Testing, builds on our previous work on race detection for shared memory Java and C programs and it handles ...

Chang-Seo Park; Koushik Sen; Paul Hargrove; Costin Iancu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Current Trends in Gamma Ray Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

123

Anticancer activity of peach and plum extracts against human breast cancer in vitro and in vivo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial varieties of peaches and plums contain a mixture of phenolics that may possess anticancer activity. Our objectives were to evaluate extracts from a commercial variety of yellow fleshed peach "Rich Lady" (RL) and of the red fleshed plum "Black Splendor" (BS) on tumor breast cells in vitro and in vivo, to elucidate the molecular mechanisms behind the cancer growth-suppression of the phenolics identified in peach and plum extracts for their chemopreventive potential and to evaluate the tumor growth-suppression in vivo. The RL extract preferentially inhibited the proliferation of the estrogen-independent MDA-MB-435 breast cancer cells over the estrogen-dependent MCF-7 or the normal MCF-10A breast cells. Similarly, BS extracts, though less effective than RL extracts, showed greater effects on MDA-MB-435 cells compared to the other cell lines. Fractionation of RL extracts into different groups of phenolic compounds allowed the identification of a fraction of phenolic acids (F1) with the major components of chlorogenic and neo-chlorogenic acid with potential in chemoprevention because of the relatively high growth-inhibition exerted on MDA-MB-435 and low toxicity exerted on MCF-10A cells. The F1 isolated from RL, and its major components, chlorogenic and neo-chlorogenic acids, triggered the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways. The extrinsic death-receptor pathway involved the activation of caspase-8 followed by caspase-6, caspase-7, and PARP cleavage. By targeting the intrinsic pathway, the pro-apoptotic proteins cytochrome c, EndoG and AIF were released from mitochondria. The relatively higher cell-growth inhibition exerted by neo-chlorogenic acid was associated with its ability to inhibit the pro-survival Akt pathway. In contrast, F1 isolated from the red flesh genotype BY00P6653, induced apoptosis mainly through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway upon sustained MAPK-ERK1/2 phosphorylation. The tumor growth-suppression of RL extracts was confirmed in vivo. Moreover, a dose-dependent decrease in lung metastasis was found, even at doses that showed no effect in tumor growth-suppression. These results suggest that peach phenolics may have potential in therapy and chemoprevention of metastatic breast cancer. Specifically chlorogenic and neo-chlorogenic acids, widely distributed among food plants, may be a useful therapeutic tool for targeting multiple cell signaling pathways in the treatment and chemoprevention of metastatic breast cancer.

Noratto Dongo, Giuliana Doris

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Protein detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present embodiment describes a miniature, microfluidic, absorption-based sensor to detect proteins at sensitivities comparable to LIF but without the need for tagging. This instrument utilizes fiber-based evanescent-field cavity-ringdown spectroscopy, in combination with faceted prism microchannels. The combination of these techniques will increase the effective absorption path length by a factor of 10.sup.3 to 10.sup.4 (to .about.1-m), thereby providing unprecedented sensitivity using direct absorption. The coupling of high-sensitivity absorption with high-performance microfluidic separation will enable real-time sensing of biological agents in aqueous samples (including aerosol collector fluids) and will provide a general method with spectral fingerprint capability for detecting specific bio-agents.

Fruetel, Julie A. (Livermore, CA); Fiechtner, Gregory J. (Bethesda, MD); Kliner, Dahv A. V. (San Ramon, CA); McIlroy, Andrew (Livermore, CA)

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

125

Solar neutrino detection  

SciTech Connect

More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

Miramonti, Lino [Physics department of Milano University and INFN (Italy)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

Cell Phone Detection Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A team composed of Rick Pratt, Dave Puczyki, Kyle Bunch, Ryan Slaugh, Morris Good, and Doug McMakin teamed together to attempt to exploit cellular telephone features and detect if a person was carrying a cellular telephone into a Limited Area. The cell phone’s electromagnetic properties were measured, analyzed, and tested in over 10 different ways to determine if an exploitable signature exists. The method that appears to have the most potential for success without adding an external tag is to measure the RF spectrum, not in the cell phone band, but between 240 and 400MHz. Figures 1- 7 show the detected signal levels from cell phones from three different manufacturers.

Pratt, Richard M.; Bunch, Kyle J.; Puzycki, David J.; Slaugh, Ryan W.; Good, Morris S.; McMakin, Douglas L.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Solar neutrino detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

Lino Miramonti

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

128

Detection of pump degradation  

SciTech Connect

This Phase II Nuclear Plant Aging Research study examines the methods of detecting pump degradation that are currently employed in domestic and overseas nuclear facilities. This report evaluates the criteria mandated by required pump testing at U.S. nuclear power plants and compares them to those features characteristic of state-of-the-art diagnostic programs and practices currently implemented by other major industries. Since the working condition of the pump driver is crucial to pump operability, a brief review of new applications of motor diagnostics is provided that highlights recent developments in this technology. The routine collection and analysis of spectral data is superior to all other technologies in its ability to accurately detect numerous types and causes of pump degradation. Existing ASME Code testing criteria do not require the evaluation of pump vibration spectra but instead overall vibration amplitude. The mechanical information discernible from vibration amplitude analysis is limited, and several cases of pump failure were not detected in their early stages by vibration monitoring. Since spectral analysis can provide a wealth of pertinent information concerning the mechanical condition of rotating machinery, its incorporation into ASME testing criteria could merit a relaxation in the monthly-to-quarterly testing schedules that seek to verify and assure pump operability. Pump drivers are not included in the current battery of testing. Operational problems thought to be caused by pump degradation were found to be the result of motor degradation. Recent advances in nonintrusive monitoring techniques have made motor diagnostics a viable technology for assessing motor operability. Motor current/power analysis can detect rotor bar degradation and ascertain ranges of hydraulically unstable operation for a particular pump and motor set. The concept of using motor current or power fluctuations as an indicator of pump hydraulic load stability is presented.

Greene, R.H.; Casada, D.A.; Ayers, C.W. [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Thin-Film Fiber Optic Sensors for Power Control and Fault Detection. Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Described is the development of an optical current measurement device, an active power conditioning system, and sol gel type thin films for the detection of magnetic fields.

Duncan, Paul Grems

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

130

7-MeV Neutron Interrogation: Scanner for Detection of Special ...  

Medium-energy (3-7 MeV) neutrons are utilized to provide enhanced cargo penetration and reduced activation of cargo materials that would interfere with detection;

131

HRT LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

All HRT process piping and equipment is contained in a large tank and flanged connections with stainless steel ring gaskets are used where needed to permit the removal of values and items of equipment. Underwater remote maintenance is to be employed and special provisions are required for indicating and locating leaks at all mechanical joints in the process system. Each joint is monitored and a signal is given when a leak occurs. The valve operator stems are sealed with stainless steel bellows and a means of detecting a leak in the bellows has been included. (auth)

Kuster, J.E.

1956-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

132

Flaw detection and evaluation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a method of and apparatus for optically inspecting nuclear fuel pellets for surface flaws. The inspection system includes a prism and lens arrangement for scanning the surface of each pellet as the same is rotated. The resulting scan produces data indicative of the extent and shape of each flaw which is employed to generate a flaw quality index for each detected flaw. The flaw quality indexes from all flaws are summed and compared with an acceptable surface quality index. The result of the comparison is utilized to control the acceptance or rejection of the pellet.

Wilks, Robert S. (Plum, PA); Sturges, Jr., Robert H. (Plum, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Outlier Detection Rules for Fault Detection in Solar Photovoltaic Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fault detection. Furthermore, the proposed models become more reliable as the number of PV measurements analysis specifically for PV installation. Several fault detection models and monitoring systems have been studied for PV systems [8]­[14]. PV monitoring and fault detection models based on energy yield and power

Lehman, Brad

134

Nanofluidic biosensing for beta-amyloid detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A nanofluidic biosensor using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was developed to detect the ?-amyloid (A?) protein, one of the biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Recent studies have indicated that investigating changes in relative concentrations of structure specific A? oligomers in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) during the progression of AD could be important indicators for diagnosing AD pre-mortem. However, there is no definitive pre-mortem diagnosis of AD thus far because of the lack of technology available for sensitive A? detection. Hence, the development of a system for detecting the structure specific A? oligomers, along with the concentrations of these oligomers in CSF, would be useful in the investigation of the molecular mechanisms of A? cytotoxicity associated with AD. In this thesis, a nanofluidic trapping device trapping system for detecting biomolecules at sub-picomolar concentrations was developed for using SERS. The device, with a microchannel leading to a nanochannel, carries out dual functions: encouraging sizedependent trapping of gold nanoparticles (60nm) at the entrance of the nanochannel as well as restricting the target molecules between the gaps created by the aggregated nanoparticles. Initially, the trapping capability of the nanofluidic device was tested using fluorescent polystyrene and gold nanoparticles. UV-vis absorption spectroscopy was used to characterize the gold nanoparticle clusters at the entrance to the nanochannel. The device established controlled, reproducible, SERS active sites within the interstices of gold nanoparticle clusters and shifted the plasmon resonance to the near infrared, in resonance with incident laser light. Two strongly Raman active molecules, adenine and Congo red, were used to test the feasibility of the SERS nanofluidic device as a platform for the detection of multiple analytes. The results showed that strong SERS signals were obtained from the nanoparticle clusters at the nanochannel entrance. Once the feasibility of the approach was determined with strong Raman molecules, A? was detected using this nanofluidic SERS platform. Distinct surface-enhanced Raman spectra of A? was observed in different conformational states as a function of concentration and structure (monomer versus oligomer form) due to A? refolding from ?-helical to a predominantly ?-pleated sheet form. The sensor was also shown to potentially distinguish A? from insulin and albumin, confounder proteins in cerebral spinal fluid. Thus, a novel platform was developed to detect picomoler levels of A? with the ultimate goal of facilitating the diagnosis and understanding of Alzheimer’s disease by means of detecting structure specific oligomers of A?.

Chou, I-Hsien

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Collision detection and proximity queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This course will primarily cover widely accepted and proved methodologies in collision detection. In addition more advanced or recent topics such as continuous collision detection, ADFs, and using graphics hardware will be introduced. When appropriate ...

Sunil Hadap; Dave Eberle; Pascal Volino; Ming C. Lin; Stephane Redon; Christer Ericson

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Microburst Detection Using Agent Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic detection of microbursts with Doppler radar data is an interesting challenge. Traditionally, manual detection is performed by trained meteorologists who scan through the volumetric radar data for appropriate signatures, bringing to bear ...

Sandy Dance; Rodney Potts

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Detecting alien life forms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting alien life forms Detecting alien life forms Name: Brian S Foster Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What would you do to find out if there is any life form on other planets? Replies: If you mean intelligent life, probably the best way would be to listen for radio messages, since you could do this from very far away. Earth emits as much radio energy as a small star --- very noticeable. If you mean just any kind of life it gets harder and you would have to send a robot or human in a spacecraft to visit. You could then look for the absorption of reflected light by oxygen molecules in the atmosphere. Oxygen is such a reactive molecule that it can only stay in the atmosphere if it is continually replenished by something, such as plants photosynthesizing. We cannot of course know that other life will build itself as does life on Earth, out of carbon-containing molecules which are formed by cracking apart carbon dioxide molecules with light energy (releasing oxygen). So the only sure way would probably be to land on the planet and look around. And even then you might well miss something

138

Dynamic Fault Detection Chassis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract The high frequency switching megawatt-class High Voltage Converter Modulator (HVCM) developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is now in operation. One of the major problems with the modulator systems is shoot-thru conditions that can occur in a IGBTs H-bridge topology resulting in large fault currents and device failure in a few microseconds. The Dynamic Fault Detection Chassis (DFDC) is a fault monitoring system; it monitors transformer flux saturation using a window comparator and dV/dt events on the cathode voltage caused by any abnormality such as capacitor breakdown, transformer primary turns shorts, or dielectric breakdown between the transformer primary and secondary. If faults are detected, the DFDC will inhibit the IGBT gate drives and shut the system down, significantly reducing the possibility of a shoot-thru condition or other equipment damaging events. In this paper, we will present system integration considerations, performance characteristics of the DFDC, and discuss its ability to significantly reduce costly down time for the entire facility.

Mize, Jeffery J [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Radiation Detection with Plastic Scintillators  

Environmental information. ... As well as help in detecting neutrons in major scientific projects. ... for the Department of Energy's National Nuclear ...

140

Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes methods used for the detection of cosmic rays with energies above 1018 eV (UHECR

Carla Aramo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Intrusion-Detection Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of a real-time intrusion-detection expert system capable of detecting break-ins, penetrations, and other forms of computer abuse is described. The model is based on the hypothesis that security violations can be detected by monitoring a system's ... Keywords: statistical measures, Abnormal behavior, auditing, intrusions, monitoring, profiles, security

Dorothy E. Denning

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Monitoring smartphones for anomaly detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate how to monitor a smartphone running Symbian operating system and Windows Mobile in order to extract features for anomaly detection. These features are sent to a remote server because running a complex intrusion detection ... Keywords: anomaly detection, monitoring, smartphones

Aubrey-Derrick Schmidt; Frank Peters; Florian Lamour; Christian Scheel; Seyit Ahmet Çamtepe; Sahin Albayrak

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Time-frequency methods for detecting spike activity of stomach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

H.H. Sun. School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems, Drexel University, ... Correspondence should be addressed to Professor Hun H. Sun;.

144

Active Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Active Sensors Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Active Sensors Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Active Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Remote Sensing Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Detect fault and ground movement, delineate faults, create high-resolution DEMS, quantify fault kinemaics, develop lineament maps, Geophysical Monitoring Hydrological: Can give indications about subsurface geothermal fluid flow Thermal: Dictionary.png Active Sensors: Sensors that emit their own source of energy then measure the

145

Detection of phenols using engineered bacteria  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Detection of phenols using engineered bacteria. A biosensor can be created by placing a reporter gene under control of an inducible promoter. The reporter gene produces a signal when a cognate transcriptional activator senses the inducing chemical. Creation of bacterial biosensors is currently restricted by limited knowledge of the genetic systems of bacteria that catabolize xenobiotics. By using mutagenic PCR to change the chemical specificity of the Pseudomonas species CF600 DmpR protein, the potential for engineering novel biosensors for detection of phenols has been demonstrated. DmpR, a well-characterized transcriptional activator of the P. CF600's dmp operon mediates growth on simple phenols. Transcription from Po, the promoter heading the dmp operon, is activated when the sensor domain of DmpR interacts with phenol and mono-substituted phenols. By altering the sensor domain of the DmpR, a group of DmpR derivatives that activate transcription of a Po-lacZ fusion in response to eight of the EPA's eleven priority pollutant phenols has been created. The assays and the sensor domain mutations that alter the chemical specificity of DmpR is described.

Wise, Arlene A. (Philadelphia, PA); Kuske, Cheryl R. (Los Alamos, NM); Terwilliger, Thomas C. (Santa Fe, NM)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

146

Arc fault detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arc fault detection system for use on ungrounded or high-resistance-grounded power distribution systems is provided which can be retrofitted outside electrical switchboard circuits having limited space constraints. The system includes a differential current relay that senses a current differential between current flowing from secondary windings located in a current transformer coupled to a power supply side of a switchboard, and a total current induced in secondary windings coupled to a load side of the switchboard. When such a current differential is experienced, a current travels through a operating coil of the differential current relay, which in turn opens an upstream circuit breaker located between the switchboard and a power supply to remove the supply of power to the switchboard.

Jha, Kamal N. (Bethel Park, PA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

RADIATION WAVE DETECTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Radiation waves can be detected by simultaneously measuring radiation- wave intensities at a plurality of space-distributed points and producing therefrom a plot of the wave intensity as a function of time. To this end. a detector system is provided which includes a plurality of nuclear radiation intensity detectors spaced at equal radial increments of distance from a source of nuclear radiation. Means are provided to simultaneously sensitize the detectors at the instant a wave of radiation traverses their positions. the detectors producing electrical pulses indicative of wave intensity. The system further includes means for delaying the pulses from the detectors by amounts proportional to the distance of the detectors from the source to provide an indication of radiation-wave intensity as a function of time.

Wouters, L.F.

1960-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

148

Arc fault detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arc fault detection system for use on ungrounded or high-resistance-grounded power distribution systems is provided which can be retrofitted outside electrical switchboard circuits having limited space constraints. The system includes a differential current relay that senses a current differential between current flowing from secondary windings located in a current transformer coupled to a power supply side of a switchboard, and a total current induced in secondary windings coupled to a load side of the switchboard. When such a current differential is experienced, a current travels through a operating coil of the differential current relay, which in turn opens an upstream circuit breaker located between the switchboard and a power supply to remove the supply of power to the switchboard. 1 fig.

Jha, K.N.

1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Detection of gas leakage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of detecting leaks and measuring volumes as well as an apparatus, the Power-free Pump Module (PPM), that is a self-contained leak test and volume measurement apparatus that requires no external sources of electrical power during leak testing or volume measurement, where the invention is a portable, pneumatically-controlled instrument capable of generating a vacuum, calibrating volumes, and performing quantitative leak tests on a closed test system or device, all without the use of alternating current (AC) power. Capabilities include the ability is to provide a modest vacuum (less than 10 Torr), perform a pressure rise leak test, measure the gas's absolute pressure, and perform volume measurements. All operations are performed through a simple rotary control valve which controls pneumatically-operated manifold valves.

Thornberg, Steven (Peralta, NM); Brown, Jason (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

150

Weld failure detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for detecting failure in a welded connection, particrly applicable to not readily accessible welds such as those joining components within the reactor vessel of a nuclear reactor system. A preselected tag gas is sealed within a chamber which extends through selected portions of the base metal and weld deposit. In the event of a failure, such as development of a crack extending from the chamber to an outer surface, the tag gas is released. The environment about the welded area is directed to an analyzer which, in the event of presence of the tag gas, evidences the failure. A trigger gas can be included with the tag gas to actuate the analyzer.

Pennell, William E. (Unity Township, Westmoreland County, PA); Sutton, Jr., Harry G. (Mt. Lebanon, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

RFID-based human behavior modeling and anomaly detection for elderly care  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research aimed at building an intelligent system that can detect abnormal behavior for the elderly at home. Active RFID tags can be deployed at home to help collect daily movement data of the elderly who carries an RFID reader. When the reader detects ... Keywords: RFID, anomaly detection, behavior modeling, clustering, elderly care

Hui-Huang Hsu; Chien-Chen Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Active interrogation of highly enriched uranium  

SciTech Connect

Active interrogation techniques provide reliable detection of highly enriched uranium (HEU) even when passive detection is difficult. We use 50-Hz pulsed beams of bremsstrahlung photons from a 10-MeV linac or 14-MeV neutrons from a neutron generator for interrogation, thus activating the HEU. Detection of neutrons between pulses is a positive indicator of the presence of fissionable material. We detect the neutrons with three neutron detector designs based on {sup 3}He tubes. This report shows examples of the responses in these three detectors, for unshielded and shielded kilogram quantities of HEU, in containers as large as cargo containers.

Moss, C. E. (Calvin E.); Hollas, C. L. (Charles L.); Myers, W. L. (William L.)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Explaining Activities as Consistent Groups of Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method for disambiguating uncertain detections of events by seeking global explanations for activities. Given a noisy visual input, and exploiting our knowledge of the activity and its constraints, one can provide a consistent set of events ... Keywords: Activity analysis, Event recognition, Global explanations

Dima Damen; David Hogg

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Activity based surveillance video content modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tackles the problem of surveillance video content modelling. Given a set of surveillance videos, the aims of our work are twofold: firstly a continuous video is segmented according to the activities captured in the video; secondly a model ... Keywords: Activity recognition, Dynamic Bayesian networks, Dynamic scene modelling, Surveillance video segmentation, Unusual activity detection, Video content analysis

Tao Xiang; Shaogang Gong

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Methods and systems for remote detection of gases  

SciTech Connect

Novel systems and methods for remotely detecting at least one constituent of a gas via infrared detection are provided. A system includes at least one extended source of broadband infrared radiation and a spectrally sensitive receiver positioned remotely from the source. The source and the receiver are oriented such that a surface of the source is in the field of view of the receiver. The source includes a heating component thermally coupled to the surface, and the heating component is configured to heat the surface to a temperature above ambient temperature. The receiver is operable to collect spectral infrared absorption data representative of a gas present between the source and the receiver. The invention advantageously overcomes significant difficulties associated with active infrared detection techniques known in the art, and provides an infrared detection technique with a much greater sensitivity than passive infrared detection techniques known in the art.

Johnson, Timothy J

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

156

Method for Detecting an Element  

Using gamma ray spectrum analysis, this patented invention detects a desired element from a very small sample and by compares it to a small sample of ...

157

Detection of alpha radiation in a beta radiation field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for detecting alpha particles in the presence of high activities of beta particles utilizing an alpha spectrometer. The apparatus of the present invention utilizes a magnetic field applied around the sample in an alpha spectrometer to deflect the beta particles from the sample prior to reaching the detector, thus permitting detection of low concentrations of alpha particles. In the method of the invention, the strength of magnetic field required to adequately deflect the beta particles and permit alpha particle detection is given by an algorithm that controls the field strength as a function of sample beta energy and the distance of the sample to the detector.

Mohagheghi, Amir H. (Albuquerque, NM); Reese, Robert P. (Edgewood, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Activity of the kinesin spindle protein inhibitor ispinesib (SB-715992) in models of breast cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ispinesib (SB-715992) is a potent inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein (KSP), a kinesin motor protein essential for the formation of a bipolar mitotic spindle and cell cycle progression through mitosis. Clinical studies of ispinesib have demonstrated a 9% response rate in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, and a favorable safety profile without significant neurotoxicities, gastrointestinal toxicities or hair loss. To better understand the potential of ispinesib in the treatment of breast cancer we explored the activity of ispinesib alone and in combination several therapies approved for the treatment of breast cancer. We measured the ispinesib sensitivity and pharmacodynamic response of breast cancer cell lines representative of various subtypes in vitro and as xenografts in vivo, and tested the ability of ispinesib to enhance the anti-tumor activity of approved therapies. In vitro, ispinesib displayed broad anti-proliferative activity against a panel of 53 breast cell-lines. In vivo, ispinesib produced regressions in each of five breast cancer models, and tumor free survivors in three of these models. The effects of ispinesib treatment on pharmacodynamic markers of mitosis and apoptosis were examined in vitro and in vivo, revealing a greater increase in both mitotic and apoptotic markers in the MDA-MB-468 model than in the less sensitive BT-474 model. In vivo, ispinesib enhanced the anti-tumor activity of trastuzumab, lapatinib, doxorubicin, and capecitabine, and exhibited activity comparable to paclitaxel and ixabepilone. These findings support further clinical exploration of KSP inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer.

Purcell, James W; Davis, Jefferson; Reddy, Mamatha; Martin, Shamra; Samayoa, Kimberly; Vo, Hung; Thomsen, Karen; Bean, Peter; Kuo, Wen Lin; Ziyad, Safiyyah; Billig, Jessica; Feiler, Heidi S; Gray, Joe W; Wood, Kenneth W; Cases, Sylvaine

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

159

Active security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce active security, a new methodology which introduces programmatic control within a novel feedback loop into the defense infrastructure. Active security implements a unified programming environment which provides interfaces ... Keywords: central management, digital forensics, network security

Ryan Hand, Michael Ton, Eric Keller

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Nuclear Detonation Detection | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Nonproliferation Program Offices > Office of Nonproliferation Research & Development > Nuclear Detonation Detection Nuclear Detonation Detection Develop, Demonstrate, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Cascade-based community detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a directed social graph and a set of past informa- tion cascades observed over the graph, we study the novel problem of detecting modules of the graph (communities of nodes), that also explain the cascades. Our key observation is that both information ... Keywords: community detection, information cascades, social networks

Nicola Barbieri; Francesco Bonchi; Giuseppe Manco

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Propagative hough voting for human activity recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hough-transform based voting has been successfully applied to both object and activity detections. However, most current Hough voting methods will suffer when insufficient training data is provided. To address this problem, we propose propagative Hough ...

Gang Yu; Junsong Yuan; Zicheng Liu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Current Trends in Gamma Radiation Detection for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Passive and active detection of gamma rays from shielded radioactive materials, including special nuclear materials, is an important task for any radiological emergency response organization. This article reports on the current trends and status of gamma radiation detection objectives and measurement techniques as applied to nonproliferation and radiological emergencies. In recent years, since the establishment of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office by the Department of Homeland Security, a tremendous amount of progress has been made in detection materials (scintillators, semiconductors), imaging techniques (Compton imaging, use of active masking and hybrid imaging), data acquisition systems with digital signal processing, field programmable gate arrays and embedded isotopic analysis software (viz. gamma detector response and analysis software [GADRAS]1), fast template matching, and data fusion (merging radiological data with geo-referenced maps, digital imagery to provide better situational awareness). In this stride to progress, a significant amount of interdisciplinary research and development has taken place–techniques and spin-offs from medical science (such as x-ray radiography and tomography), materials engineering (systematic planned studies on scintillators to optimize several qualities of a good scintillator, nanoparticle applications, quantum dots, and photonic crystals, just to name a few). No trend analysis of radiation detection systems would be complete without mentioning the unprecedented strategic position taken by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime transportation–the so-called second line of defense.

Mukhopadhyay, S., Guss, P., Maurer, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Laser Detection Of Material Thickness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detection Of Material Thickness Detection Of Material Thickness Laser Detection Of Material Thickness There is provided a method for measuring material thickness. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Laser Detection Of Material Thickness There is provided a method for measuring material thickness comprising: (a) contacting a surface of a material to be measured with a high intensity short duration laser pulse at a light wavelength which heats the area of contact with the material, thereby creating an acoustical pulse within the material: (b) timing the intervals between deflections in the contacted surface caused by the reverberation of acoustical pulses between the contacted surface and the opposite surface of the material: and (c) determining the thickness of the material by calculating the proportion of

165

Mercury Detection with Gold Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. J. Warmack, “Detection of mercury vapor using resonatingA surface acoustic wave mercury vapor sensor,” Ieee Trans.N. E. Selin, “Integrating mercury science and policy in the

Crosby, Jeffrey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Anomaly Detection at Multiple Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Anomaly Detection at Multiple Scales, or ADAMS, is a $35 million DARPA project designed to identify patterns and anomalies ...

Alain Sren Mikhayhu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Event detection using trigger chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new architecture for event detection from text documents. The proposed system correctly identifies the sentences that describe an event of interest, using trigger chain to extract its participants. It exploits supervised method ...

S. Sangeetha; R. S. Thakur; Michael Arock

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Validation of Polarimetric Hail Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study describes, illustrates, and validates hail detection by a simplified version of the National Severe Storms Laboratory’s fuzzy logic polarimetric hydrometeor classification algorithm (HCA). The HCA uses four radar variables: ...

Pamela L. Heinselman; Alexander V. Ryzhkov

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Catalyst activator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalyst activator particularly adapted for use in the activation of metal complexes of metals of Group 3-10 for polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable monomers, especially olefins, comprising two Group 13 metal or metalloid atoms and a ligand structure including at least one bridging group connecting ligands on the two Group 13 metal or metalloid atoms.

McAdon, Mark H. (Midland, MI); Nickias, Peter N. (Midland, MI); Marks, Tobin J. (Evanston, IL); Schwartz, David J. (Lake Jackson, TX)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Theory of evidence for face detection and tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with face detection and tracking by computer vision for multimedia applications. Contrary to current techniques that are based on huge learning databases and complex algorithms to get generic face models (e.g., active appearance models), ... Keywords: Cautious rule, Computer vision, Face tracking, LUX colour space, Particle filter, Transferable belief model

Francis Faux; Franck Luthon

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Semi-Continuous Detection of Mercury in Gases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Continuous Detection of Mercury in Gases Continuous Detection of Mercury in Gases Opportunity Research is currently active on the patented technology "Semi-Continuous Detection of Mercury in Gases." The technology, which is a spinoff of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) GP-254 Process (U.S. patent 6,576,092), is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's NETL. Overview This invention discloses a method for the quantitative detection of heavy metals, especially mercury, in effluent gas streams. The method employs photo-deposition and an array of surface acoustic wave sensors where each sensor monitors a specific metal. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issued a national regulation for mercury removal from coal-derived flue and fuel gases in December 2011,

172

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use thermal infrared (TIR) data from the spaceborne ASTER instrument to detect surface temperature anomalies in the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. The identification of such anomalies in a known geothermal area serves as an incentive to apply similar markers and techniques to areas of unknown geothermal potential. We carried out field measurements concurrently with the collection of ASTER images. The field

173

Photofission-Based, Nuclear Material Detection: Technology Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and the Advanced Research and Applications Corporation (ARACOR) [Sunnyvale, California] performed a photonuclear technology demonstration for shielded nuclear material detection during August 21–22, 2002, at the LANL TA-18 facility. The demonstration used the Pulsed Photonuclear Assessment Technique (PPAT) that focused on the application of a photofission-based, nuclear material detection method as a viable complement to the ARACOR Eagle inspection platform. The Eagle is a mobile and fully operational truck and cargo inspection system that uses a 6-MeV electron accelerator to perform real-time radiography. This imaging is performed using an approved “radiation-safe” or “cabinet safe” operation relative to the operators, inspectors, and any stowaways within the inspected vehicles. While the PPAT has been primarily developed for active interrogation, its neutron detection system also maintains a complete and effective passive detection capability.

Jones, James Litton; Yoon, Woo Yong; Haskell, Kevin James; Norman, Daren Reeve; Moss, C. E.; Goulding, C. A.; Hollas, C. L.; Myers, W. L.; Franco, Ed

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Long-Range Neutron Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neutron detector designed for detecting neutron sources at distances of 50 to 100 m has been constructed and tested. This detector has a large surface area (1 m{sup 2}) to enhance detection efficiency, and it contains a collimator and shielding to achieve direction sensitivity and reduce background. An unusual feature of the detector is that it contains no added moderator, such as polyethylene, to moderate fast neutrons before they reach the {sup 3}He detector. As a result, the detector is sensitive mainly to thermal neutrons. The moderator-free design reduces the weight of the detector, making it more portable, and it also aids in achieving directional sensitivity and background reduction. Test results show that moderated fission-neutron sources of strength about 3 x 10{sup 5} n/s can be detected at a distance out to 70 m in a counting time of 1000 s. The best angular resolution of the detector is obtained at distances of 30 m or less. As the separation .distance between the source and detector increases, the contribution of scattered neutrons to the measured signal increases with a resultant decrease in the ability to detect the direction to a distant source. Applications for which the long-range detector appears to be suitable include detecting remote neutron sources (including sources in moving vehicles) and monitoring neutron storage vaults for the intrusion of humans and the effects they make on the detected neutron signal. Also, the detector can be used to measure waste for the presence of transuranic material in the presence of high gamma-ray background. A test with a neutron source (3 x 10{sup 5} n/s) in a vehicle showed that the detector could readily measure an increase in count rate at a distance of 10 m for vehicle speeds up to 35 mph (the highest speed tested). These results. indicate that the source should be detectable at this distance at speeds up to 55 mph.

AJ Peurrung; DC Stromswold; RR Hansen; PL Reeder; DS Barnett

1999-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Chemical Activation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Activation of Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes for Hydrogen Adsorption Milton R. Smith, Jr., 1 Edward W. Bittner, 1 Wei Shi, 1, 2 J. Karl Johnson, 1, 2 and Bradley C....

176

Edge Detection Algorithm for SST Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm to detect fronts in satellite-derived sea surface temperature fields is presented. Although edge detection is the main focus, the problem of cloud detection is also addressed since unidentified clouds can lead to erroneous edge ...

Jean-François Cayula; Peter Cornillon

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Detecting Climate Signals: Some Bayesian Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian approach to detecting forced climate signals in a dataset is presented. First, the detection algorithm derived is shown to be capable of uniquely identifying several signals optimally. Other detection techniques are shown to be ...

Stephen S. Leroy

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Human activities recognition using depth images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new method to classify human activities by leveraging on the cues available from depth images alone. Towards this end, we propose a descriptor which couples depth and spatial information of the segmented body to describe a human pose. Unique ... Keywords: depth image segmentation, human activity detection

Raj Gupta; Alex Yong-Sang Chia; Deepu Rajan

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Passive Neutron Detection in Ports for Homeland Security Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The smuggling of special nuclear material (SNM) has long been a concern. In April 2009, President Obama declared that a terrorist acquiring a nuclear weapon was the most immediate threat to global security. The Second Line of Defense (SLD) initiative was stood up by the National Nuclear Security Administration to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking of nuclear and radioactive materials across international borders and maritime shipping. The SLD initiative does not provide for the detection of SNM being carried on small, personal watercraft. Previous work examined the possibility of using active neutron detectors to induce fission in SNM and detect the response. This thesis examines the possibility of detecting SNM using passive 3He neutron detectors. Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) simulations were run to determine the best detector configuration. Detecting sources at increasing depths, detecting moving sources and the effects of waves were also simulated in MCNP. Comparisons with experimental measurements showed that detectors parallel to the surface of water were best at detecting neutron sources below the surface. Additionally, stacking detectors and placing a cadmium sheet between the polyethylene blocks resulted in a greater ability to determine the height of a source by taking the ratio of count rates in the lower and upper detectors. Using this configuration, a source of strength 3.39 x 10^5 n/s could be detected to a depth of 12.00 in below the water surface. Count rates in the presence of waves did not average out to count rates taken above a flat plane of water. Detectors closer to the water performed worse than above a flat plane while detectors placed higher recorded more counts than above a flat plane. Moving sources were also simulated; sources under water, 3.00 ft from the detectors, and moving at 5.8 kts could be detected above background.

Pedicini, Eowyn E

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

APDS: Autonomous Pathogen Detection System  

SciTech Connect

An early warning system to counter bioterrorism, the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) continuously monitors the environment for the presence of biological pathogens (e.g., anthrax) and once detected, it sounds an alarm much like a smoke detector warns of a fire. Long before September 11, 2001, this system was being developed to protect domestic venues and events including performing arts centers, mass transit systems, major sporting and entertainment events, and other high profile situations in which the public is at risk of becoming a target of bioterrorist attacks. Customizing off-the-shelf components and developing new components, a multidisciplinary team developed APDS, a stand-alone system for rapid, continuous monitoring of multiple airborne biological threat agents in the environment. The completely automated APDS samples the air, prepares fluid samples in-line, and performs two orthogonal tests: immunoassay and nucleic acid detection. When compared to competing technologies, APDS is unprecedented in terms of flexibility and system performance.

Langlois, R G; Brown, S; Burris, L; Colston, B; Jones, L; Makarewicz, T; Mariella, R; Masquelier, D; McBride, M; Milanovich, F; Masarabadi, S; Venkateswaran, K; Marshall, G; Olson, D; Wolcott, D

2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Discriminating ultrasonic proximity detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention uses an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver and a microprocessor to detect the presence of an object. In the reset mode the invention uses a plurality of echoes from each ultrasonic burst to create a reference table of the echo-burst-signature of the empty monitored environment. The invention then processes the reference table so that it only uses the most reliable data. In the detection mode the invention compares the echo-burst-signature of the present environment with the reference table, detecting an object if there is a consistent difference between the echo-burst-signature of the empty monitored environment recorded in the reference table and the echo-burst-signature of the present environment.

Annala, Wayne C. (Durango, CO)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Discriminating ultrasonic proximity detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention uses an ultrasonic transmitter and receiver and a microprocessor to detect the presence of an object. In the reset mode the invention uses a plurality of echoes from each ultrasonic burst to create a reference table of the echo-burst-signature of the empty monitored environment. The invention then processes the reference table so that it only uses the most reliable data. In the detection mode the invention compares the echo-burst-signature of the present environment with the reference table, detecting an object if there is a consistent difference between the echo-burst-signature of the empty monitored environment recorded in the reference table and the echo-burst-signature of the present environment.

Annala, W.C.

1986-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

183

Cost-Sensitive top-down/bottom-up inference for multiscale activity recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses a new problem, that of multiscale activity recognition. Our goal is to detect and localize a wide range of activities, including individual actions and group activities, which may simultaneously co-occur in high-resolution video. ...

Mohamed R. Amer; Dan Xie; Mingtian Zhao; Sinisa Todorovic; Song-Chun Zhu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Standoff Detection of Chemicals Using Rydberg Fingerprint ...  

applied for non-intrusive detection of combustion intermediates. The technique can be applied to detection of chemical vapors as well as residues on ...

185

Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Detection Science Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national...

186

For Radiation Detection Systems – Specific Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The test procedures outlined within this TTOP will cover radiation detection instruments used for gamma-ray and neutron detection as well as ...

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

Nuclear Detonation Detection | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Research and Development > Nuclear Detonation Detection Nuclear Detonation Detection NNSA builds the nation's operational sensors that monitor the entire planet from space to...

188

Vehicle Detection by Sensor Network Nodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frequency. Table 4.2: ? and ? Ground truth (# of vehicles)truth (# of vehicles) Detection result (# of vehicles) Tabletruth ( of vehicles) Detection result ( of vehicles) Table

Ding, Jiagen; Cheung, Sing-Yiu; Tan, Chin-woo; Varaiya, Pravin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Detecting fission from special nuclear material sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron detector system for discriminating fissile material from non-fissile material wherein a digital data acquisition unit collects data at high rate, and in real-time processes large volumes of data directly into information that a first responder can use to discriminate materials. The system comprises counting neutrons from the unknown source and detecting excess grouped neutrons to identify fission in the unknown source. The system includes a graphing component that displays the plot of the neutron distribution from the unknown source over a Poisson distribution and a plot of neutrons due to background or environmental sources. The system further includes a known neutron source placed in proximity to the unknown source to actively interrogate the unknown source in order to accentuate differences in neutron emission from the unknown source from Poisson distributions and/or environmental sources.

Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA); Snyderman, Neal J. (Berkeley, CA)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nondestructive detection and measurement of hydrogen embrittlement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nondestructive system and method for the determination of the presence and extent of hydrogen embrittlement in metals, alloys, and other crystalline structures subject thereto. Positron annihilation characteristics of the positron-electron annihilation within the tested material provide unique energy distribution curves for each type of material tested at each respective stage of hydrogen embrittlement. Gamma radiation resulting from such annihilation events is detected and statistically summarized by appropriate instrumentation to reveal the variations of electron activity within the tested material caused by hydrogen embrittlement therein. Such data from controlled tests provides a direct indication of the relative stages of hydrogen embrittlement in the form of unique energy distribution curves which may be utilized as calibration curves for future comparison with field tests to give on-site indication of progressive stages of hydrogen embrittlement.

Alex, Franklin (Layton, UT); Byrne, Joseph Gerald (Salt Lake City, UT)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Metabonomics for detection of nuclear materials processing.  

SciTech Connect

Tracking nuclear materials production and processing, particularly covert operations, is a key national security concern, given that nuclear materials processing can be a signature of nuclear weapons activities by US adversaries. Covert trafficking can also result in homeland security threats, most notably allowing terrorists to assemble devices such as dirty bombs. Existing methods depend on isotope analysis and do not necessarily detect chronic low-level exposure. In this project, indigenous organisms such as plants, small mammals, and bacteria are utilized as living sensors for the presence of chemicals used in nuclear materials processing. Such 'metabolic fingerprinting' (or 'metabonomics') employs nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to assess alterations in organismal metabolism provoked by the environmental presence of nuclear materials processing, for example the tributyl phosphate employed in the processing of spent reactor fuel rods to extract and purify uranium and plutonium for weaponization.

Alam, Todd Michael; Luxon, Bruce A. (University Texas Medical Branch); Neerathilingam, Muniasamy (University Texas Medical Branch); Ansari, S. (University Texas Medical Branch); Volk, David (University Texas Medical Branch); Sarkar, S. (University Texas Medical Branch); Alam, Mary Kathleen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Public Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

publicactivities_header.jpg publicactivities_header.jpg Public Activities Citizens are encouraged to learn about the Department of Energy's programs through a variety of activities that are open to the public. Our goal is to educate citizens and seek their meaningful involvement. If you are visiting the area, the American Museum of Science and Energy in Oak Ridge is the best starting point for exhibits and information about DOE programs in science, environmental management, nuclear fuel supply, and national security. Tours are conducted of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Y-12 National Security Complex and East Tennessee Technology Park during the summer months departing from the Museum. For those with more specific interests in our programs, each month we publish a calendar of public involvement activities, which identifies announcements, comment periods and public meetings of potential interest. Our Environmental Management Program has a Site Specific Advisory Board composed of area citizens who meet the second Wednesday of each month.

193

Automated Precipitation Detection and Typing in Winter: A Two-Year Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation detection and typing estimates from four sensors are evaluated using standard operational meteorological observations as a reference. All are active remote sensors radiating into a measurement volume near the sensor, and measuring ...

B. E. Sheppard; P. I. Joe

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Recognition driven page orientation detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In document image recognition, orientation detection of the scanned page is necessary for the following procedures to work correctly as they assume that the text is well oriented. Several methods have been proposed, but most of them rely on heuristics ... Keywords: document image processing, image orientation analysis, optical character recognition

Yves Rangoni; Faisal Shafait; Joost Van Beusekom; Thomas M. Breuel

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Anomalous change detection in imagery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A distribution-based anomaly detection platform is described that identifies a non-flat background that is specified in terms of the distribution of the data. A resampling approach is also disclosed employing scrambled resampling of the original data with one class specified by the data and the other by the explicit distribution, and solving using binary classification.

Theiler, James P. (Los Alamos, NM); Perkins, Simon J. (Santa Fe, NM)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Heart Disease Detection Using Wavelets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a wavelet based method to obtain standardized gray?scale chart of both healthy hearts and of hearts suffering left ventricular hypertrophy. The hypothesis that early bad functioning of heart can be detected must be tested by comparing the wavelet analysis of the corresponding ECD with the limit cases. Several important parameters shall be taken into account such as age

A. González S.; J. L. Acosta P.; M. Sandoval M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

An optimal leakage detection strategy for underground pipelines using magnetic induction-based sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is difficult to detect small leakages in underground pipelines with high accuracy and low-energy cost due to the inaccessible underground environments. To this end, the Magnetic Induction (MI)-based wireless sensor network for underground pipeline ... Keywords: deployment and activation of sensors, energy consumption, estimation accuracy, leakage detection and localization, underground pipelines

Xin Tan, Zhi Sun

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Microfabricated capillary electrophoresis chip and method for simultaneously detecting multiple redox labels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a microfabricated capillary electrophoresis chip for detecting multiple redox-active labels simultaneously using a matrix coding scheme and to a method of selectively labeling analytes for simultaneous electrochemical detection of multiple label-analyte conjugates after electrophoretic or chromatographic separation.

Mathies, Richard A. (Moraga, CA); Singhal, Pankaj (Berkeley, CA); Xie, Jin (Walnut Creek, CA); Glazer, Alexander N. (Orinda, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Activity report  

SciTech Connect

This report is aimed to show the author's activities to support the LDRD. The title is 'Investigation of the Double-C Behavior in the Pu-Ga Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagram' The sections are: (1) Sample Holder Test; (2) Calculation of x-ray diffraction patterns; (3) Literature search and preparing publications; (4) Tasks Required for APS Experiments; and (5) Communications.

Yu, S W

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

200

Layered security architecture for masquerade attack detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masquerade attack refers to an attack that uses a fake identity, to gain unauthorized access to personal computer information through legitimate access identification. Automatic discovery of masqueraders is sometimes undertaken by detecting significant ... Keywords: anomaly detection, intrusion detection system, masquerade detection, user profiling

Hamed Saljooghinejad; Wilson Naik Bhukya

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Metal Detectives: New Book Details Titanic Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metal Detectives: New Book Details Titanic Investigation. For Immediate Release: April 15, 2008. ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Graph Analytical Approach for Topic Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topic detection with large and noisy data collections such as social media must address both scalability and accuracy challenges. KeyGraph is an efficient method that improves on current solutions by considering keyword cooccurrence. We show that KeyGraph ... Keywords: KeyGraph-based Topic Detection, Topic detection, community detection, network analysis

Hassan Sayyadi, Louiqa Raschid

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fake iris detection by using purkinje image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fake iris detection is to detect and defeat a fake (forgery) iris image input. To solve the problems of previous researches on fake iris detection, we propose the new method of detecting fake iris attack based on the Purkinje image. Especially, we calculated ...

Eui Chul Lee; Kang Ryoung Park; Jaihie Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Acoustic Inspection Devices: Detecting the Undetectable  

Acoustic Inspection Devices: Detecting the Undetectable Emerging homeland security threats and increasingly sophisticated adversaries have heightened ...

205

Strategies To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Based On Monitoring and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Based On Monitoring and To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Based On Monitoring and Analysis Of CO2 In The Near-Surface Environment Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Strategies To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Based On Monitoring and Analysis Of CO2 In The Near-Surface Environment Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We investigate the potential for CO2 monitoring in thenear-surface environment as an approach to exploration for hiddengeothermal systems. Numerical simulations of CO2 migration from a modelhidden geothermal system show that CO2 concentrations can reach highlevels in the shallow subsurface even for relatively low CO2 fluxes.Therefore, subsurface measurements offer an advantage over above-groundmeasurements which are affected by winds that rapidly disperse

206

Method for detecting toxic gases  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method capable of detecting low concentrations of a pollutant or other component in air or other gas, utilizing a combination of a heating filament having a catalytic surface of a noble metal for exposure to the gas and producing a derivative chemical product from the component, and an electrochemical sensor responsive to the derivative chemical product for providing a signal indicative of the product. At concentrations in the order of about 1-100 ppm of tetrachloroethylene, neither the heating filament nor the electrochemical sensor is individually capable of sensing the pollutant. In the combination, the heating filament converts the benzyl chloride to one or more derivative chemical products which may be detected by the electrochemical sensor.

Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL); Findlay, Jr., Melvin W. (Bolingbrook, IL)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Detection of a concealed object  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed are systems, methods, devices, and apparatus to determine if a clothed individual is carrying a suspicious, concealed object. This determination includes establishing data corresponding to an image of the individual through interrogation with electromagnetic radiation in the 200 MHz to 1 THz range. In one form, image data corresponding to intensity of reflected radiation and differential depth of the reflecting surface is received and processed to detect the suspicious, concealed object.

Keller, Paul E. (Richland, WA); Hall, Thomas E. (Kennewick, WA); McMakin, Douglas L. (Richland, WA)

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

Detection of malicious computer executables  

SciTech Connect

A method of detecting malicious binary executable files is accomplished by inputting a binary executable file; converting the binary executable file to byte hexadecimal text strings; calculating the frequency of each byte pattern in the byte hexadecimal text strings; selecting characteristic byte pattern frequencies as discriminating features; classifying the discriminating features as malicious or benign; labeling the binary executable file as malicious or benign; and outputting the labeled malicious or benign binary executable file.

Cai, Dongming M. (Los Alamos, NM); Gokhale, Maya (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

Multiplex detection of agricultural pathogens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described are kits and methods useful for detection of agricultural pathogens in a sample. Genomic sequence information from agricultural pathogens was analyzed to identify signature sequences, e.g., polynucleotide sequences useful for confirming the presence or absence of a pathogen in a sample. Primer and probe sets were designed and optimized for use in a PCR based, multiplexed Luminex assay and/or an array assay to successfully identify the presence or absence of pathogens in a sample.

Siezak, Thomas R.; Gardner, Shea; Torres, Clinton; Vitalis, Elizabeth; Lenhoff, Raymond J.

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Multiplex detection of agricultural pathogens  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described are kits and methods useful for detection of seven agricultural pathogens (BPSV; BHV; BVD; FMDV; BTV; SVD; and VESV) in a sample. Genomic sequence information from 7 agricultural pathogens was analyzed to identify signature sequences, e.g., polynucleotide sequences useful for confirming the presence or absence of a pathogen in a sample. Primer and probe sets were designed and optimized for use in a PCR based, multiplexed Luminex assay to successfully identify the presence or absence of pathogens in a sample.

McBride, Mary Teresa (Brentwood, CA); Slezak, Thomas Richard (Livermore, CA); Messenger, Sharon Lee (Kensington, CA)

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

211

Laboratory Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter summarizes the laboratory activities performed by PNNL’s Vadose Zone Characterization Project in support of the Tank Farm Vadose Zone Program, led by CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. The results of these studies are contained in numerous reports (Lindenmeier et al. 2002; Serne et al. 2002a, 2002b, 2002c, 2002d, 2002e; Lindenmeier et al. 2003; Serne et al. 2004a, 2004b; Brown et al. 2005, 2006a, 2007; Serne et al. 2007) and have generated much of the data reported in Chapter 22 (Geochemistry-Contaminant Movement), Appendix G (Geochemistry-Contaminant Movement), and Cantrell et al. (2007, SST WMA Geochemistry Data Package – in preparation). Sediment samples and characterization results from PNNL’s Vadose Zone Characterization Project are also shared with other science and technology (S&T) research projects, such as those summarized in Chapter 12 (Associated Science Activities).

Brown, Christopher F.; Serne, R. Jeffrey

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

212

Compensated intruder-detection systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Intruder-detection systems in which intruder-induced signals are transmitted through a medium also receive spurious signals induced by changes in a climatic condition affecting the medium. To combat this, signals received from the detection medium are converted to a first signal. The system also provides a reference signal proportional to climate-induced changes in the medium. The first signal and the reference signal are combined for generating therefrom an output signal which is insensitive to the climatic changes in the medium. An alarm is energized if the output signal exceeds a preselected value. In one embodiment, an acoustic cable is coupled to a fence to generate a first electrical signal proportional to movements thereof. False alarms resulting from wind-induced movements of the fence (detection medium) are eliminated by providing an anemometer-driven voltage generator to provide a reference voltage proportional to the velocity of wind incident on the fence. An analog divider receives the first electrical signal and the reference signal as its numerator and denominator inputs, respectively, and generates therefrom an output signal which is insensitive to the wind-induced movements in the fence.

McNeilly, David R. (Maryville, TN); Miller, William R. (Andersonville, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Compensated intruder-detection systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is an improvement to an intruder-detection system of the kind where intruder-induced signals are transmitted through a medium whose conductance varies with certain climatic conditions. The improved system includes means coupled to the medium for converting the intruder-induced signals received therefrom to a first electrical signal. Means also are provided for generating a reference signal proportional to the climate-induced changes in the signal-conductance of the medium. Means are provided for generating, from the first electrical signal and the reference signal, an electrical output signal which is unaffected by the changes in signal-conductance. Means are provided to give warning when the output signal exceeds a selected value. In another aspect, the invention is a method for operating an intruder-detection system of the kind wherein an intrusion-generated signal transmitted through a detection medium is converted to a first electrical signal. The first electrical signal contains variations resulting from climate-induced changes in the medium. The method of the invention comprises generating an electrical reference signal proportional to the climate-induced changes in the medium; conditioning the first signal with the reference signal to produce an electrical output signal which is unaffected by the climate-induced changes in the medium; and impressing the resulting output signal across an alarm circuit to actuate the same when the output signal exceeds a selected value.

McNeilly, D.R.; Miller, W.R.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

214

Idaho National Laboratory Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Intrusion Detection System (SCADA IDS)  

SciTech Connect

Current Intrusion Detection System (IDS) technology is not suited to be widely deployed inside a Supervisory, Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) environment. Anomaly- and signature-based IDS technologies have developed methods to cover information technology-based networks activity and protocols effectively. However, these IDS technologies do not include the fine protocol granularity required to ensure network security inside an environment with weak protocols lacking authentication and encryption. By implementing a more specific and more intelligent packet inspection mechanism, tailored traffic flow analysis, and unique packet tampering detection, IDS technology developed specifically for SCADA environments can be deployed with confidence in detecting malicious activity.

Jared Verba; Michael Milvich

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNL’s ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

216

DNA Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DNA Activity DNA Activity Name: Sara Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is DNA an anion or a cation? I thought since it was negatively charged it was an anion but mt teacher in class today said it was a cation because negatively charged molecules logically migrate to the positively charged plate of the cathode, ie molecules that migrate towards a cathode are cations. Where is the error in my logic or there error in my logic? Replies: DNA is negatively charged due to the phosphate ions present in the ribose-phosphate backbone. It moves towards the positive pole during electrophoresis. The definition kation/anion is confusing because: 1. a cation moves to the cathode 2. the cathode is negative, thus 3. a cation is positive DNA is an anion. The confusion is that a cathode is negative, but a cation is positively charged. For that reason these terms are not generally used in this context.

217

Fire suppression and detection equipment  

SciTech Connect

Inspection and testing guidelines go beyond the 'Code of Federal Regulation'. Title 30 of the US Code of Federal Regulations (30 CFR) contains requirements and references to national standards for inspection, testing and maintenance of fire suppression and detection equipment for mine operators. However, federal requirements have not kept pace with national standards and best practices. The article lists National Fire Protection (NFPA) standards that are referenced by the US Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) in 30 CFR. It then discusses other NFPA Standards excluded from 30 CFR and explains the NFPA standard development process. 2 refs., 3 tabs., 5 photos.

E.E. Bates [HSB Professional Loss Control, Lexington, KY (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Pulsed helium ionization detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A helium ionization detection system is provided which produces stable operation of a conventional helium ionization detector while providing improved sensitivity and linearity. Stability is improved by applying pulsed dc supply voltage across the ionization detector, thereby modifying the sampling of the detectors output current. A unique pulse generator is used to supply pulsed dc to the detector which has variable width and interval adjust features that allows up to 500 V to be applied in pulse widths ranging from about 150 nsec to about dc conditions.

Ramsey, R.S.; Todd, R.A.

1985-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

219

Multiplex detection of respiratory pathogens  

SciTech Connect

Described are kits and methods useful for detection of respiratory pathogens (influenza A (including subtyping capability for H1, H3, H5 and H7 subtypes) influenza B, parainfluenza (type 2), respiratory syncytial virus, and adenovirus) in a sample. Genomic sequence information from the respiratory pathogens was analyzed to identify signature sequences, e.g., polynucleotide sequences useful for confirming the presence or absence of a pathogen in a sample. Primer and probe sets were designed and optimized for use in a PCR based, multiplexed Luminex assay to successfully identify the presence or absence of pathogens in a sample.

McBride, Mary (Brentwood, CA); Slezak, Thomas (Livermore, CA); Birch, James M. (Albany, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Real-time method for establishing a detection map for a network of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for establishing a detection map of a dynamically configurable sensor network. This method determines an appropriate set of locations for a plurality of sensor units of a sensor network and establishes a detection map for the network of sensors while the network is being set up; the detection map includes the effects of the local terrain and individual sensor performance. Sensor performance is characterized during the placement of the sensor units, which enables dynamic adjustment or reconfiguration of the placement of individual elements of the sensor network during network set-up to accommodate variations in local terrain and individual sensor performance. The reconfiguration of the network during initial set-up to accommodate deviations from idealized individual sensor detection zones improves the effectiveness of the sensor network in detecting activities at a detection perimeter and can provide the desired sensor coverage of an area while minimizing unintentional gaps in coverage.

Nguyen, Hung D; Koch, Mark W; Giron, Casey; Rondeau, Daniel M; Russell, John L

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Detecting unknown network attacks using language models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method for network intrusion detection based on language models such as n-grams and words. Our method proceeds by extracting these models from TCP connection payloads and applying unsupervised anomaly detection. The essential part ...

Konrad Rieck; Pavel Laskov

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Multiple signal fault detection using fuzzy logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a multiple Signal Fault Detection system that employs fuzzy logic at two levels of detection: signal segment fault and signal fault. The system involves signal segmentation, feature extraction and fuzzy logic based segment ...

Yi Lu Murphey; Jacob Crossman; ZhiHang Chen

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Email shape analysis for spam botnet detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Botnets have become the major sources of spamming, which generates massive unwanted traffic on networks. An effective detection mechanism can greatly mitigate the problem. In this paper, we present a novel botnet detection mechanism based on the email ...

Paul Sroufe; Santi Phithakkitnukoon; Ram Dantu; João Cangussu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Motion detection in complex and dynamic backgrounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the detection of moving objects, background subtraction methods are widely used. In case the background changes, we need to update the background in real-time for the reliable detection of foreground objects. An adaptive Gaussian mixture model (GMM) ...

Daeyong Park; Junbeom Kim; Jaemin Kim; Seongwon Cho; Sun-Tae Chung

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

On the Detection of the Free Neutrino  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The experiment previously proposed [to Detect the Free Neutrino] has been initiated, with a Hanford pile as a neutrino source. It appears probable that neutrino detection has been accomplished, and confirmatory work is in progress. (K.S.)

Reines, F.; Cowan, C. L., Jr.

1953-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wire detecting apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method that combines a signal generator and a passive signal receiver to detect and record the path of partially or completely concealed electrical wiring without disturbing the concealing surface. The signal generator applies a series of electrical pulses to the selected wiring of interest. The applied pulses create a magnetic field about the wiring that can be detected by a coil contained within the signal receiver. An audible output connected to the receiver and driven by the coil reflects the receiver`s position with respect to the wiring. The receiver`s audible signal is strongest when the receiver is directly above the wiring and the long axis of the receiver`s coil is parallel to the wiring. A marking means is mounted on the receiver to mark the location of the wiring as the receiver is directed over the wiring`s concealing surface. Numerous marks made on various locations of the concealing surface will trace the path of the wiring of interest.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Available Technologies: Remote NMR/MRI Detection  

Low field encoding : High field detection = better sensitivity. APPLICATIONS: Enhanced sensitivity expands the uses of nuclear magnetic resonance ...

228

Chemically-Functionalized Microcantilevers for Detection of ...  

Chemically-Functionalized Microcantilevers for Detection of Chemical, Biological, and Explosive Material Note: The technology described above is an ...

229

Detection & Diagnostic Systems Multimedia - Argonne National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multimedia Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection & Diagnostic Systems Engineering Development & Applications...

230

Composite scintillators for detection of ionizing radiation ...  

Building Energy Efficiency; Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; Energy ... Fluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation DetectionFluorescent Nanoparticles for ...

231

Nanocrystalline Phosphors for Lighting and Detection Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Symposium D: Bulk Metallic Glasses and Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, Nanocrystalline Phosphors for Lighting and Detection Applications.

232

Method and Apparatus for Detecting Neutrons - Available ...  

Summary. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has developed a unique detection capability with the ability to identify thermal neutrons, which ...

233

Batteryless Chemical Detection - Energy Innovation Portal  

Ultrasensitive detection of low-concentration gas leaks (pipeline protection) Military, particularly on the battlefield (chemical and biological ...

234

Acoustic enhancement for photo detecting devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Provided are improvements to photo detecting devices and methods for enhancing the sensitivity of photo detecting devices. A photo detecting device generates an electronic signal in response to a received light pulse. An electro-mechanical acoustic resonator, electrically coupled to the photo detecting device, damps the electronic signal and increases the signal noise ratio (SNR) of the electronic signal. Increased photo detector standoff distances and sensitivities will result.

Thundat, Thomas G; Senesac, Lawrence R; Van Neste, Charles W

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

235

Hydrogen Flammability, Detection, and Fire Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrogen Flammability, Detection, and Fire Safety. ... The physical properties of hydrogen differ from those for hydrocarbon fuels. ...

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

236

Nicholas G. Paulter, Program Manager, Detection ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... weapon detection, through-wall surveillance, traffic control devices, imaging for security and emergency response applications, biometrics for ...

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

237

Proliferation Detection | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Proliferation Detection | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

238

Foreign WMD Proliferation Detection | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

WMD Proliferation Detection | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

239

Statistical Fingerprinting for Malware Detection and ...  

necessarily cause a statistical deviation from the baseline that can be detected (a "symptom" of the infection). Further, ...

240

Detecting intrusions in encrypted control traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of a lack of attack signatures and different forms of attacks, signature-based network intrusion detection systems currently provide insufficient protection for industrial control traffic. A combination of two anomaly detection approaches found ... Keywords: industrial control systems, intrusion detection, smart grids

Maarten Hoeve

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A data-driven detection optimization framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the large amount of data to be processed by visual applications aiming at extracting high-level understanding of the scene, low-level methods such as object detection are required to have not only high accuracy but also low computational cost ... Keywords: Human detection, Object detection, Partial least squares, Regression models

William Robson Schwartz; Victor Hugo Cunha De Melo; Helio Pedrini; Larry S. Davis

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Integrating software specifications into intrusion detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There exist a number of Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) that detect computer attacks based on some defined attack scenarios. The attack scenarios or security requirements in some of these IDSs are specified in attack specification languages that are ... Keywords: Attack scenarios, Intrusion detection, Software specification languages, State machines

Mohammad Zulkernine; Mathews Graves; Muhammad Umair Ahmed Khan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A Survey of Outlier Detection Methodologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outlier detection has been used for centuries to detect and, where appropriate, remove anomalous observations from data. Outliers arise due to mechanical faults, changes in system behaviour, fraudulent behaviour, human error, instrument error or simply ... Keywords: anomaly, detection, deviation, noise, novelty, outlier, recognition

Victoria Hodge; Jim Austin

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Detection device for high explosives  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable fiber optic detector that senses the presence of specific target chemicals by electrostatically attracting the target chemical to an aromatic compound coating on an optical fiber. Attaching the target chemical to the coated fiber reduces the fluorescence so that a photon sensing detector records the reduced light level and activates an appropriate alarm or indicator.

Grey, Alan E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Partin, Judy K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stone, Mark L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Von Wandruszka, Ray M. (Moscow, ID); Reagen, William K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ingram, Jani C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lancaster, Gregory D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sequential detection of web defects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting defects on a moving web having a sequential series of identical frames uses an imaging device to form a real-time camera image of a frame and a comparitor to comparing elements of the camera image with corresponding elements of an image of an exemplar frame. The comparitor provides an acceptable indication if the pair of elements are determined to be statistically identical; and a defective indication if the pair of elements are determined to be statistically not identical. If the pair of elements is neither acceptable nor defective, the comparitor recursively compares the element of said exemplar frame with corresponding elements of other frames on said web until one of the acceptable or defective indications occur.

Eichel, Paul H. (Albuquerque, NM); Sleefe, Gerard E. (Cedar Crest, NM); Stalker, K. Terry (Albuquerque, NM); Yee, Amy A. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Excitation optimization for damage detection  

SciTech Connect

A technique is developed to answer the important question: 'Given limited system response measurements and ever-present physical limits on the level of excitation, what excitation should be provided to a system to make damage most detectable?' Specifically, a method is presented for optimizing excitations that maximize the sensitivity of output measurements to perturbations in damage-related parameters estimated with an extended Kalman filter. This optimization is carried out in a computationally efficient manner using adjoint-based optimization and causes the innovations term in the extended Kalman filter to be larger in the presence of estimation errors, which leads to a better estimate of the damage-related parameters in question. The technique is demonstrated numerically on a nonlinear 2 DOF system, where a significant improvement in the damage-related parameter estimation is observed.

Bement, Matthew T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bewley, Thomas R [UCSD

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

An arc fault detection system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An arc fault detection system for use on ungrounded or high-resistance-grounded power distribution systems is provided which can be retrofitted outside electrical switchboard circuits having limited space constraints. The system includes a differential current relay that senses a current differential between current flowing from secondary windings located in a current transformer coupled to a power supply side of a switchboard, and a total current induced in secondary windings coupled to a load side of the switchboard. When such a current differential is experienced, a current travels through a operating coil of the differential current relay, which in turn, opens an upstream circuit breaker located between the switchboard and a power supply to remove the supply of power to the switchboard.

Jha, Kamal N.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Explosives detection system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of detecting explosives in a vehicle includes providing a first rack on one side of the vehicle, the rack including a neutron generator and a plurality of gamma ray detectors; providing a second rack on another side of the vehicle, the second rack including a neutron generator and a plurality of gamma ray detectors; providing a control system, remote from the first and second racks, coupled to the neutron generators and gamma ray detectors; using the control system, causing the neutron generators to generate neutrons; and performing gamma ray spectroscopy on spectra read by the gamma ray detectors to look for a signature indicative of presence of an explosive. Various apparatus and other methods are also provided.

Reber, Edward L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Jewell, James K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Rohde, Kenneth W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Seabury, Edward H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Blackwood, Larry G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Edwards, Andrew J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Derr, Kurt W. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

249

Ionization detection system for aerosols  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improved smoke-detection system of the ionization-chamber type. In the preferred embodiment, the system utilizes a conventional detector head comprising a measuring ionization chamber, a reference ionization chamber, and a normally non-conductive gas triode for discharging when a threshold concentration of airborne particulates is present in the measuring chamber. The improved system utilizes a measuring ionization chamber which is modified to minimize false alarms and reductions in sensitivity resulting from changes in ambient temperature. In the preferred form of the modification, an annular radiation shield is mounted about the usual radiation source provided to effect ionization in the measuring chamber. The shield is supported by a bimetallic strip which flexes in response to changes in ambient temperature, moving the shield relative to the source so as to vary the radiative area of the source in a manner offsetting temperature-induced variations in the sensitivity of the chamber.

Jacobs, Martin E. (Chillicothe, OH)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Spectral analysis method for detecting an element  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for detecting an element is described and which includes the steps of providing a gamma-ray spectrum which has a region of interest which corresponds with a small amount of an element to be detected; providing nonparametric assumptions about a shape of the gamma-ray spectrum in the region of interest, and which would indicate the presence of the element to be detected; and applying a statistical test to the shape of the gamma-ray spectrum based upon the nonparametric assumptions to detect the small amount of the element to be detected.

Blackwood, Larry G [Idaho Falls, ID; Edwards, Andrew J [Idaho Falls, ID; Jewell, James K [Idaho Falls, ID; Reber, Edward L [Idaho Falls, ID; Seabury, Edward H [Idaho Falls, ID

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

251

Active pixel sensors for X-ray astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An active pixel sensor array, APS-1, has been fabricated for the purpose of scientific x-ray detection. This thesis presents the results of testing the device. Alternate design architectures are explored. Recommendations ...

Cohen, Matthew (Matthew L.)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Cellular telephone-based radiation detection instrument  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A network of radiation detection instruments, each having a small solid state radiation sensor module integrated into a cellular phone for providing radiation detection data and analysis directly to a user. The sensor module includes a solid-state crystal bonded to an ASIC readout providing a low cost, low power, light weight compact instrument to detect and measure radiation energies in the local ambient radiation field. In particular, the photon energy, time of event, and location of the detection instrument at the time of detection is recorded for real time transmission to a central data collection/analysis system. The collected data from the entire network of radiation detection instruments are combined by intelligent correlation/analysis algorithms which map the background radiation and detect, identify and track radiation anomalies in the region.

Craig, William W. (Pittsburg, CA); Labov, Simon E. (Berkeley, CA)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Solar Magnetic Feature Detection and Tracking for Space Weather Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an automated system for detecting, tracking, and cataloging emerging active regions throughout their evolution and decay using SOHO Michelson Doppler Interferometer (MDI) magnetograms. The SolarMonitor Active Region Tracking (SMART) algorithm relies on consecutive image differencing to remove both quiet-Sun and transient magnetic features, and region-growing techniques to group flux concentrations into classifiable features. We determine magnetic properties such as region size, total flux, flux imbalance, flux emergence rate, Schrijver's R-value, R* (a modified version of R), and Falconer's measurement of non-potentiality. A persistence algorithm is used to associate developed active regions with emerging flux regions in previous measurements, and to track regions beyond the limb through multiple solar rotations. We find that the total number and area of magnetic regions on disk vary with the sunspot cycle. While sunspot numbers are a proxy to the solar magnetic field, SMART offers a direct diagnos...

Higgins, Paul A; McAteer, R T James; Bloomfield, D Shaun; 10.1016/j.asr.2010.06.024

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Domain analysis for estrogen receptor/Sp1-mediated transactivation and detection of estrogen receptor/Sp1 protein interactions in living cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estrogen Receptor ? (ER?)/Sp1 activation of GC-rich gene promoters in breast cancer cells is dependent, in part, on the activation function 1 (AF1) of ER?. This study investigates contributions of the DNA binding domain (C) and AF2 (DEF) regions of ER? on activation of ER?/Sp1. 17Beta-estradiol (E2) and the antiestrogens 4-hydroxytamoxifen and ICI 182,780 induced reporter gene activity in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells cotransfected with human or mouse ER? (hER? or MOR), but not ER? and GC-rich constructs containing three tandem Sp1 binding sites (pSp13) or other E2-responsive GC-rich promoters. Estrogen and antiestrogen activation of hER?/Sp1 was dependent on overlapping and different regions of the C, D, E, and F domains of ER?. Antiestrogen-induced activation of hER?/Sp1 was lost using hER? mutants deleted in zinc finger 1 (amino acids (aa) 185-205), zinc finger 2 (aa 218-245), and the hinge/helix 1 (aa 265-330) domains. In contrast with antiestrogens, E2-dependent activation of hER?/Sp1 required the C-terminal F domain (aa 579-595), which contains a ?-strand structural motif. Moreover, in peptide competition experiments overexpression of NR-box peptides inhibits E2-induced luciferase activity of pERE3, which contains three tandem repeats of consensus ERE sites, whereas E2-induced hER?/Sp1 action was not inhibited by NR-box peptide expression. In contrast, overexpression of a C-terminal (aa 575-595) F domain peptide specifically blocked E2-dependent activation of hER?/Sp1, but not on activation of pERE3, suggesting that F domain interactions with nuclear cofactors are specifically required for ER?/Sp1 action. Furthermore, direct physical interactions between hER? and Sp1 protein in vivo have been investigated by using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) microscopy and image analysis. Consistent with results from transient transfection assay, E2, 4OHT, and ICI enhanced hER?/Sp1 interactions in living cells and these interactions were also confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation. In addition, endogenous hER?/Sp1 action was evaluated by using si RNA for Sp1 and a significant decrease in ligand-induced hER?/Sp1 action was observed after decreased Sp1 expression.

Kim, KyoungHyun

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Indirect detection of radiation sources through direct detection of radiolysis products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for indirectly detecting a radiation source by directly detecting radiolytic products. The radiation source emits radiation and the radiation produces the radiolytic products. A fluid is positioned to receive the radiation from the radiation source. When the fluid is irradiated, radiolytic products are produced. By directly detecting the radiolytic products, the radiation source is detected.

Farmer, Joseph C. (Tracy, CA); Fischer, Larry E. (Los Gatos, CA); Felter, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

Former Worker Program - Early Lung Cancer Detection Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Former Worker Program (FWP) Former Worker Program (FWP) Home Covered Sites/Populations › Construction Worker Screening Projects › Production Worker Screening Projects › Supplemental Screening Program › Beryllium Vendor Screening Program Upcoming Events Program Implementation Outreach Medical Screening - Conventional Medical Screening - Early Lung Cancer Detection Communicating Results Protecting Participant Information Sharing De-identified Data Chronic Beryllium Disease Awareness Joint Outreach Task Group (JOTG) Worker Testimonials Contact Us FWP Scientific Publications FWP Documents Related Links Office of Health and Safety Home Page HSS Logo Early Lung Cancer Detection Program Former Worker Medical Screening Program (FWP) Since 2000, DOE has made screening for occupational lung cancer with low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) scans available to workers at high risk for lung cancer. Because former workers undertook essential activities to fulfill the Department's mission, many of them were at risk for lung cancer. Through the FWP, DOE initiated the Early Lung Cancer Detection (ELCD) program using low-dose helical CT scans to detect lung cancers at an earlier, more treatable stage. Lung cancer results in about 160,000 deaths in the U.S. every year. The most common causes of lung cancer are long-term exposures to tobacco smoke and residential radon emissions, but occupational hazards, such as asbestos and ionizing radiation, also cause or contribute to the disease.

257

Incipient Crack Detection in Composite Wind Turbine Blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents some analysis results for incipient crack detection in a 9-meter CX-100 wind turbine blade that underwent fatigue loading to failure. The blade was manufactured to standard specifications, and it underwent harmonic excitation at its first resonance using a hydraulically-actuated excitation system until reaching catastrophic failure. This work investigates the ability of an ultrasonic guided wave approach to detect incipient damage prior to the surfacing of a visible, catastrophic crack. The blade was instrumented with piezoelectric transducers, which were used in an active, pitchcatch mode with guided waves over a range of excitation frequencies. The performance results in detecting incipient crack formation in the fiberglass skin of the blade is assessed over the range of frequencies in order to determine the point at which the incipient crack became detectable. Higher excitation frequencies provide consistent results for paths along the rotor blade's carbon fiber spar cap, but performance falls off with increasing excitation frequencies for paths off of the spar cap. Lower excitation frequencies provide more consistent performance across all sensor paths.

Taylor, Stuart G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Choi, Mijin [Chonbuk National University, Korea; Jeong, Hyomi [Chonbuk National University, Korea; Jang, Jae Kyeong [Chonbuk National University, Korea; Park, Gyuhae [Chonnam National University, Korea; Farinholt, Kevin [Commonwealth Center for Advanced Manufacturing, VA; Farrar, Charles R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ammerman, Curtt N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Todd, Michael D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lee, Jung-Ryul [Chonbuk National University, Korea

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

Distributed Optical Sensor for CO2 Leak Detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Sensor for CO Optical Sensor for CO 2 Leak Detection Opportunity Research is active on the technology "Distributed Optical Sensor for CO 2 Leak Detection," for which a Patent Application has been filed. This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Overview The availability of fossil fuels to provide clean, affordable energy is essential for domestic and global prosperity and security well into the 21st century. However, there are concerns over the impacts of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere-particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Carbon capture and storage in geologic formations is a promising technology to reduce the impact of CO

259

Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery As A Geothermal Exploration Tool Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery As A Geothermal Exploration Tool Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): C. Kratt, M. Coolbaugh, Wendy Calvin Published: GRC, 2006 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Multispectral Imaging At Rhodes Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006) Multispectral Imaging At Teels Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006) Rhodes Marsh Geothermal Area Teels Marsh Geothermal Area Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Remote_Detection_Of_Quaternary_Borate_Deposits_With_Aster_Satellite_Imagery_As_A_Geothermal_Exploration_Tool&oldid=389959

260

Detecting sub-mJy sources with the EVN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some microquasars are permanently bright radio sources while others are faint but produce powerful radio outbursts. Most of the X-ray binaries (XRB) however are very faint or undetected in the radio regime. The European VLBI Network (EVN) recently introduced the Mark5 recording system which allows data rates of up to 1 Gbit/s. This increases the sensitivity of the array significantly. We briefly describe recent developments in the EVN in terms of reliability of the network and also data quality. We demonstrate the power of the EVN in detecting sub-mJy radio sources with modest integration times (order of hours). This high sensitivity capability will permit the study of variable Galactic sources at milliarcsecond resolution. An estimate is given for the lowest detectable mass of hypothetical intermediate-mass black holes (IMBH) in nearby galaxies, provided these are located in radio-jet systems analogous to microquasars and active galactic nuclei.

Zsolt Paragi; Michael A. Garrett; Andrew D. Biggs

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Radiation Detection Materials and Systems | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation Detection Materials and Systems SHARE Radiation Detection Materials and Systems ORNL's Nuclear Material Detection and Characterization programs are at the forefront of...

262

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This slide-show presents work on radiation detection with nanostructured lanthanum halides and CeBr{sub 3}. The goal is to extend the gamma energy response on both low and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using the nano-structured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, cerium bromide, or other nanocrystal material. Homogeneous and nano structure cases are compared.

Guss, P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Change Detection Algorithm for Retrieving High-Resolution Soil Moisture From SMAP Radar and Radiometer Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A change detection algorithm has been developed in order to obtain high-resolution soil moisture estimates from future Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) L-band radar and radiometer observations. The approach combines ...

Piles, Maria

264

Strategies For Detecting Hidden Geothermal Systems By Near-Surface Gas  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies For Detecting Hidden Geothermal Systems By Near-Surface Gas Strategies For Detecting Hidden Geothermal Systems By Near-Surface Gas Monitoring Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Strategies For Detecting Hidden Geothermal Systems By Near-Surface Gas Monitoring Details Activities (6) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hidden geothermal systems are those systems above which hydrothermal surface features (e.g., hot springs, fumaroles, elevated ground temperatures, hydrothermal alteration) are lacking. Emissions of moderate to low solubility gases (e.g., CO2, CH4, He) may be one of the primary near-surface signals from these systems. Detection of anomalous gas emissions related to hidden geothermal systems may therefore be an important tool to discover new geothermal resources. This study investigates the potential for CO2 detection and monitoring in the

265

Apparatus for use in sulfide chemiluminescence detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for chemiluminescently determining a sulfide which is either hydrogen sulfide or methyl mercaptan by reacting the sulfide with chlorine dioxide at low pressure and under conditions which allow a longer reaction time in emission of a single photon for every two sulfide containing species, and thereafter, chemiluminescently detecting and determining the sulfide. The invention also relates not only to the detection method, but the novel chemical reaction and a specifically designed chemiluminescence detection cell for the reaction. 4 figs.

Spurlin, S.R.; Yeung, E.S.

1987-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

266

Apparatus for use in sulfide chemiluminescence detection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method of chemiluminescently determining a sulfide which is either hydrogen sulfide or methyl mercaptan by reacting the sulfide with chlorine dioxide at low pressure and under conditions which allow a longer reaction time in emission of a single photon for every two sulfide containing species, and thereafter, chemiluminescently detecting and determining the sulfide. The invention also relates not only to the detection method, but the novel chemical reaction and a specifically designed chemiluminescence detection cell for the reaction.

Spurlin, Stanford R. (Ames, IA); Yeung, Edward S. (Ames, IA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Automated Methods for Multiplexed Pathogen Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of pathogenic microorganisms in environmental samples is a difficult process. Concentration of the organisms of interest also co-concentrates inhibitors of many end-point detection methods, notably, nucleic acid methods. In addition, sensitive, highly multiplexed pathogen detection continues to be problematic. The primary function of the BEADS (Biodetection Enabling Analyte Delivery System) platform is the automated concentration and purification of target analytes from interfering substances, often present in these samples, via a renewable surface column. In one version of BEADS, automated immunomagnetic separation (IMS) is used to separate cells from their samples. Captured cells are transferred to a flow-through thermal cycler where PCR, using labeled primers, is performed. PCR products are then detected by hybridization to a DNA suspension array. In another version of BEADS, cell lysis is performed, and community RNA is purified and directly labeled. Multiplexed detection is accomplished by direct hybridization of the RNA to a planar microarray. The integrated IMS/PCR version of BEADS can successfully purify and amplify 10 E. coli O157:H7 cells from river water samples. Multiplexed PCR assays for the simultaneous detection of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Shigella on bead suspension arrays was demonstrated for the detection of as few as 100 cells for each organism. Results for the RNA version of BEADS are also showing promising results. Automation yields highly purified RNA, suitable for multiplexed detection on microarrays, with microarray detection specificity equivalent to PCR. Both versions of the BEADS platform show great promise for automated pathogen detection from environmental samples. Highly multiplexed pathogen detection using PCR continues to be problematic, but may be required for trace detection in large volume samples. The RNA approach solves the issues of highly multiplexed PCR and provides ''live vs. dead'' capabilities. However, sensitivity of the method will need to be improved for RNA analysis to replace PCR.

Straub, Tim M.; Dockendorff, Brian P.; Quinonez-Diaz, Maria D.; Valdez, Catherine O.; Shutthanandan, Janani I.; Tarasevich, Barbara J.; Grate, Jay W.; Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Autonomous detection, navigation, and propulsion for satellites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the increasing number of satellites and space debris in all orbits the need for individual satellites to be able to autonomously detect and determine… (more)

Badger, Stanley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Nucleotide Sequences for the Detection of Salmonella ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Nucleotide Sequences for the Detection of Salmonella. Battelle Number(s): ...

270

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TURBOMACHINERY SURGE DETECTION ...  

A method and system for surge detection within a gas turbine engine, comprises: measuring the compressor discharge pressure (CDP) of the gas turbine ...

271

Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes  

ORNL 2010-G00612/jcn UT-B ID 200802066 Nanomechanical Sensor Detects and Identifies Chemical Analytes Technology Summary ORNL researchers developed a ...

272

Detection of Radionuclides - Industrial Partnerships Office  

Giving animals in need a HOME. November 14, 2013. LLNL, Intel, ... High confidence achieved by selected detection and false alarm operating points enabling reliable ...

273

High-Efficiency Neutron Detection and Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-Efficiency Neutron Detection and Spectroscopy. ... such as searches for WIMP dark matter, neutrinoless double beta decay, and solar neutrinos. ...

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

274

Naturally fractured tight gas reservoir detection optimization  

SciTech Connect

Research continued on methods to detect naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. This report discusses 3D-3C seismic acquisition and 3D P-wave alternate processing.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

NIST: Testing of Radiation Detection Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Testing of Radiation Detection Systems. ... The GRaDER program will provide users with information about the performance of radiation instruments. ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

276

ITL Bulletin Acquiring and Deploying Intrusion Detection ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... read the “Intru- sion Detection System Product Sur- vey” published by the Los Alamos National Laboratory and found at http://lib-www.lanl.gov/la ...

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

277

Transport Test Problems for Radiation Detection Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final report and deliverable for the project. It is a list of the details of the test cases for radiation detection scenarios.

Shaver, Mark W.; Miller, Erin A.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Benjamin S.

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

278

Radionuclide detection devices and associated methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radionuclide detection devices comprise a fluid cell comprising a flow channel for a fluid stream. A radionuclide collector is positioned within the flow channel and configured to concentrate one or more radionuclides from the fluid stream onto at least a portion of the radionuclide collector. A scintillator for generating scintillation pulses responsive to an occurrence of a decay event is positioned proximate at least a portion of the radionuclide collector and adjacent to a detection system for detecting the scintillation pulses. Methods of selectively detecting a radionuclide are also provided.

Mann, Nicholas R. (Rigby, ID); Lister, Tedd E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tranter, Troy J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

279

Generic Technologies for the Targeted Detection and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A preliminary assay that uses non-polymerase chain reaction-based (non-PCR-based) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection methods ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

Radiation Detection Laboratory The Detection for Nuclear Nonproliferation Lab is used to explore novel techniques for radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NERS Radiation Detection Laboratory The Detection for Nuclear Nonproliferation Lab is used to explore novel techniques for radiation detection and characterization for nuclear nonproliferation

Eustice, Ryan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Chemical detection using the airborne thermal infrared imaging spectrometer (TIRIS)  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is described for an airborne, downlooking, longwave infrared imaging spectrometer based technique for the detection and tracking of plumes of toxic gases. Plumes can be observed in emission or absorption, depending on the thermal contrast between the vapor and the background terrain. While the sensor is currently undergoing laboratory calibration and characterization, a radiative exchange phenomenology model has been developed to predict sensor response and to facilitate the sensor design. An inverse problem model has also been developed to obtain plume parameters based on sensor measurements. These models, the sensors, and ongoing activities are described.

Gat, N.; Subramanian, S.; Sheffield, M.; Erives, H. [Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (United States); Barhen, J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Machine learning for host-based anomaly detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomaly detection techniques complement, signature based methods for intrusion detection. Machine learning approaches are applied to anomaly detection for automated learning and detection. Traditional host-based anomaly detectors model system call sequences ...

Gaurav Tandon / Philip K. Chan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Passive Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer for Remote Chemical Detection Multimedia Nuclear Systems Analysis Engineering Analysis Nonproliferation and National Security Detection &...

284

New statistical methods for detecting point alignments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of straight-linear point alignments has a number of geological applications. Assessing the statistical significance of such alignments is relatively straightforward in the case of overall lineament orientation, but becomes complicated for non-stationary ... Keywords: Alignment detection, Directional statistics, Point patterns, Spatial analysis

Ø. Hammer

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Detecting urbanization changes using SPOT5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automatic system to estimate the urbanization changes on the Belgian territory, using SPOT5 images and the National Geographic Institute vectorial database is proposed. The images and the vectorial data are first co-registered. Then, the vectorial ... Keywords: Built-up area detection, Cartography, Change detection, SPOT5

V. Lacroix; M. Idrissa; A. Hincq; H. Bruynseels; O. Swartenbroekx

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Dynamic detection of nuclear reactor core incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surveillance, safety and security of evolving systems are a challenge to prevent accident. The dynamic detection of a hypothetical and theoretical blockage incident in the Phenix nuclear reactor is investigated. Such an incident is characterized by abnormal ... Keywords: Contrast, Dynamic detection of perturbations, Evolving system, Fast-neutron reactor, Neighbourhood, Noise

Laurent Hartert; Danielle Nuzillard; Jean-Philippe Jeannot

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

N-detection under transparent-scan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the quality of test sequences under a test application scheme called transparent-scan as n -detection test sequences. We obtain transparent-scan sequences from combinational test sets. We show that for the same number of clock cycles ... Keywords: n-detection test sets, scan design, test generation

Irith Pomeranz

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Efficient concurrency-bug detection across inputs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the multi-core era, it is critical to efficiently test multi-threaded software and expose concurrency bugs before software release. Previous work has made significant progress in detecting and validating concurrency bugs under a given input. Unfortunately, ... Keywords: bug detection, concurrency bugs, multi-threaded software, software testing

Dongdong Deng, Wei Zhang, Shan Lu

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

On scalable attack detection in the network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current intrusion detection and prevention systems seek to detect a wide class of network intrusions (e.g., DoS attacks, worms, port scans) at network vantage points. Unfortunately, even today, many IDS systems we know of keep per-connection or per-flow ... Keywords: data structures, denial of service, network attacks, routers, scanning, streaming algorithms, syn flooding

Ramana Rao Kompella; Sumeet Singh; George Varghese

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Video copy detection: a comparative study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparative study of methods for video copy detection. Different state-of-the-art techniques, using various kinds of descriptors and voting functions, are described: global video descriptors, based on spatial and temporal features; ... Keywords: content-based video copy detection

Julien Law-To; Li Chen; Alexis Joly; Ivan Laptev; Olivier Buisson; Valerie Gouet-Brunet; Nozha Boujemaa; Fred Stentiford

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Multisensor fusion-based gas detection module  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article develops a gas detection module for the intelligent home. The module uses eight gas sensors to detect the environment of the home and building. The gas sensors of the module have an NH3 sensor, an air pollution sensor, an alcohol ... Keywords: Intelligent home, Logical filter method, Multisensor fusion algorithms

Jr-Hung Guo; I. -Chao Chien; Kuo-Lan Su; Chia-Ju Wu

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Outlier detection based on rough sets theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An outlier in a dataset is a point or a class of points that is considerably dissimilar to or inconsistent with the remainder of the data. Detection of outliers is important for many applications and has always attracted attention among data mining research ... Keywords: Outlier detection, anomaly, deviate, mining rarity, non-reduct, rare cases

Faizah Shaari; Azuraliza Abu Bakar; Abdul Razak Hamdan

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Automatic detection of dimension errors in spreadsheets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a reasoning system for inferring dimension information in spreadsheets. This system can be used to check the consistency of spreadsheet formulas and thus is able to detect errors in spreadsheets. Our approach is based on three static analysis ... Keywords: Dimension, Error detection, Inference rule, Spreadsheet, Static analysis, Unit of measurement

Chris Chambers; Martin Erwig

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Creation and Detection of Cerenkov Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creation and Detection of Ÿ Cerenkov Light in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Michael David Lay Cerenkov Light in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Michael David Lay Wolfson College, Oxford Thesis on the detection of Ÿ Cerenkov photons to determine the location of an interaction in the detector and to deduce

295

Modern breast cancer detection: a technological review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Breast cancer is a serious threat worldwide and is the number two killer of women in the United States. The key to successful management is screening and early detection. What follows is a description of the state of the art in screening and detection ...

Adam B. Nover; Shami Jagtap; Waqas Anjum; Hakki Yegingil; Wan Y. Shih; Wei-Heng Shih; Ari D. Brooks

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Racer: effective race detection using aspectj  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programming errors occur frequently in large software systems, and even more so if these systems are concurrent. In the past researchers have developed specialized programs to aid programmers detecting concurrent programming errors such as deadlocks, ... Keywords: aspect-oriented programming, race detection, runtime verification, semantic pointcuts, static analysis

Eric Bodden; Klaus Havelund

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Collision Detection and Response for Computer Animation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When several objects are moved about by computer animation, there is the chance that they will interpenetrate. This is often an undesired state, particularly if the animation is seeking to model a realistic world. Two issues are involved: detecting ... Keywords: analytical solution, collision detection, collision response, computer animation, dynamical simulation

Matthew Moore; Jane Wilhelms

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A survey of land mine detection technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the state of the art in land mine detection technology and algorithms. Landmine detection is a growing concern due to the danger of buried landmines to people's lives, economic growth and development. Most of the injured people have ...

L. Robledo; M. Carrasco; D. Mery

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Advancing the art of tuberculosis detection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advancing art of tuberculosis detection Advancing art of tuberculosis detection Advancing the art of tuberculosis detection New approach to finding a TB biomarker could provide earlier diagnosis. April 19, 2013 Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Harshini Mukundan is exploring new ways to detect and diagnose tuberculosis. Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Harshini Mukundan is exploring new ways to detect and diagnose tuberculosis. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email This observation has far-reaching applications to the understanding of the interaction of the human host with many pathogens, not just TB. LOS ALAMOS, N.M., April 19, 2013-New work from Los Alamos National Laboratory shows promise for stemming the advance of tuberculosis (TB) by revealing how the bacterium interacts with its human hosts and thus

300

Live pathogens: rapid detection technique developed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January » January » Live Pathogens: Rapid Detection Technique Developed Live pathogens: rapid detection technique developed The technique relies on bacteria being critically dependent upon the key nutrient iron. January 24, 2013 Colorized scanning electron micrograph of E. coli. Colorized scanning electron micrograph of E. coli. Photo credit: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention LANL's new method eliminates the need for laboratory culture and greatly speeds the process. Los Alamos researchers have developed a better technique for quick detection of live pathogens in the field. Identification of viable bacteria in a complex environment is scientifically challenging. Current detection and diagnostic techniques are inadequate in major public health emergencies, such as outbreaks of food-borne illness. Detection of live

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ADWICE – anomaly detection with real-time incremental clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomaly detection, detection of deviations from what is considered normal, is an important complement to misuse detection based on attack signatures. Anomaly detection in real-time places hard requirements on the algorithms used, making many proposed ... Keywords: adaptability, anomaly detection, clustering, intrusion detection, realtime

Kalle Burbeck; Simin Nadjm-Tehrani

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Adsorption of DDT by Activated Carbon Fiber Electrode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DDT is detected in many river and lake in Zhejiang Province. As a kind of POPs and priority controlled substances of China, it is necessary to study how to dechlorinate it and treat it. This thesis discusses the absorption of DDT by activated carbon ... Keywords: DDT, activated carbon fiber electrode, adsorption

Yaping Guo; Jun Li; Chunmian Lin; JinRong Chen

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Segmenting sensor data for activity monitoring in smart environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within a smart environment, sensors have the ability to perceive changes of the environment itself and can therefore be used to infer high-level information such as activity behaviours. Sensor events collected over a period of time may contain several ... Keywords: Activity detection, Evidential modelling, Smart environments, Time series sensor segmentation

Xin Hong; Chris D. Nugent

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Chemical Sensing for Buried Landmines - Fundamental Processes Influencing Trace Chemical Detection  

SciTech Connect

Mine detection dogs have a demonstrated capability to locate hidden objects by trace chemical detection. Because of this capability, demining activities frequently employ mine detection dogs to locate individual buried landmines or for area reduction. The conditions appropriate for use of mine detection dogs are only beginning to emerge through diligent research that combines dog selection/training, the environmental conditions that impact landmine signature chemical vapors, and vapor sensing performance capability and reliability. This report seeks to address the fundamental soil-chemical interactions, driven by local weather history, that influence the availability of chemical for trace chemical detection. The processes evaluated include: landmine chemical emissions to the soil, chemical distribution in soils, chemical degradation in soils, and weather and chemical transport in soils. Simulation modeling is presented as a method to evaluate the complex interdependencies among these various processes and to establish conditions appropriate for trace chemical detection. Results from chemical analyses on soil samples obtained adjacent to landmines are presented and demonstrate the ultra-trace nature of these residues. Lastly, initial measurements of the vapor sensing performance of mine detection dogs demonstrates the extreme sensitivity of dogs in sensing landmine signature chemicals; however, reliability at these ultra-trace vapor concentrations still needs to be determined. Through this compilation, additional work is suggested that will fill in data gaps to improve the utility of trace chemical detection.

PHELAN, JAMES M.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Selective chemical detection by energy modulation of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting, identifying, and quantifying a component of a sampled fluid includes a sensor which chemically reacts with the component of interest or a derivative thereof, an electrical heating filament for heating the sample before it is applied to the sensor, and modulating means for continuously varying the temperature of the filament (and hence the reaction rate) between two values sufficient to produce the chemical reaction. In response to this thermal modulation, the sensor produces a modulated output signal, the modulation of which is a function of the activation energy of the chemical reaction, which activation energy is specific to the particular component of interest and its concentration. Microprocessor means compares the modulated output signal with standard responses for a plurality of components to identify and quantify the particular component of interest. 4 figs.

Stetter, J.R.; Otagawa, T.

1985-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

306

PHYSICS LAB: TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Recent Technical Activities, "Technical Activities 1999" - NISTIR 6438. TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 1999. This report summarizes ...

307

PHYSICS LAB: TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Recent Technical Activities, TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 1998 - NISTIR NISTIR 6268. TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 1998. ...

308

Neutron Interrogation System For Underwater Threat Detection And Identification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wartime and terrorist activities, training and munitions testing, dumping and accidents have generated significant munitions contamination in the coastal and inland waters in the United States and abroad. Although current methods provide information about the existence of the anomaly (for instance, metal objects) in the sea bottom, they fail to identify the nature of the found objects. Field experience indicates that often in excess of 90% of objects excavated during the course of munitions clean up are found to be non-hazardous items (false alarm). The technology to detect and identify waterborne or underwater threats is also vital for protection of critical infrastructures (ports, dams, locks, refineries, and LNG/LPG). We are proposing a compact neutron interrogation system, which will be used to confirm possible threats by determining the chemical composition of the suspicious underwater object. The system consists of an electronic d-T 14-MeV neutron generator, a gamma detector to detect the gamma signal from the irradiated object and a data acquisition system. The detected signal then is analyzed to quantify the chemical elements of interest and to identify explosives or chemical warfare agents.

Barzilov, Alexander P.; Novikov, Ivan S.; Womble, Phil C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd, 11077 Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

NSLS Activity Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activity Report Activity Report 2009 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2008 - September 30, 2009 Periodic Table Dust Jacket 2008 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2007 - September 30, 2008 2007 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2006 - September 30, 2007 Science Highlights PDF Publications PDF 2006 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2005 - September 30, 2006 2005 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2004 - September 30, 2005 2004 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2003 - September 30, 2004 2003 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2002 - September 30, 2003 2002 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2001 - September 30, 2002 2001 Activity Report Covering October 1, 2000 - September 30, 2001 2000 Activity Report Covering October 1, 1999 - September 30, 2000 1999 Activity Report Covering October 1, 1998 - September 30, 1999

310

Detection and Location of Damage on Pipelines  

SciTech Connect

The INEEL has developed and successfully tested a real-time pipeline damage detection and location system. This system uses porous metal resistive traces applied to the pipe to detect and locate damage. The porous metal resistive traces are sprayed along the length of a pipeline. The unique nature and arrangement of the traces allows locating the damage in real time along miles of pipe. This system allows pipeline operators to detect damage when and where it is occurring, and the decision to shut down a transmission pipeline can be made with actual real-time data, instead of conservative estimates from visual inspection above the area.

Karen A. Moore; Robert Carrington; John Richardson

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Parallel signal processing for optical satellite detection  

SciTech Connect

An optical satellite detection system can provide a high scan coverage rate if the telescope is scanning the sky continuously, rather than stepping and staring. In the imc signal processor, a high throughput rate has been achieved by dividing the focal plane imaging into five fields-of-view, processing these in a parallel signal processing architecture, and detecting satellites on a several-lines basis rather than waiting for frame-to-frame comparisons. The concepts developed can be applied to a more general detection problem. The signal processing considerations and processor algorithms are discussed. The processor hardware is described, laboratory results are given, and future plans described. 2 references.

Mayer, G.J.; Macdonald, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

High sensitivity leak detection method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved leak detection method is provided that utilizes the cyclic adsorption and desorption of accumulated helium on a non-porous metallic surface. The method provides reliable leak detection at superfluid helium temperatures. The zero drift that is associated with residual gas analyzers in common leak detectors is virtually eliminated by utilizing a time integration technique. The sensitivity of the apparatus of this disclosure is capable of detecting leaks as small as 1 [times] 10[sup [minus]18] atm cc sec[sup [minus]1]. 2 figs.

Myneni, G.R.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

313

High sensitivity leak detection method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved leak detection method is provided that utilizes the cyclic adsorption and desorption of accumulated helium on a non-porous metallic surface. The method provides reliable leak detection at superfluid helium temperatures. The zero drift that is associated with residual gas analyzers in common leak detectors is virtually eliminated by utilizing a time integration technique. The sensitivity of the apparatus of this disclosure is capable of detecting leaks as small as 1.times.10.sup.-18 atm cc sec.sup.-1.

Myneni, Ganapatic R. (Grafton, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Colorimetric detection of uranium in water  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are methods, materials and systems that can be used to determine qualitatively or quantitatively the level of uranium contamination in water samples. Beneficially, disclosed systems are relatively simple and cost-effective. For example, disclosed systems can be utilized by consumers having little or no training in chemical analysis techniques. Methods generally include a concentration step and a complexation step. Uranium concentration can be carried out according to an extraction chromatographic process and complexation can chemically bind uranium with a detectable substance such that the formed substance is visually detectable. Methods can detect uranium contamination down to levels even below the MCL as established by the EPA.

DeVol, Timothy A. (Clemson, SC); Hixon, Amy E. (Piedmont, SC); DiPrete, David P. (Evans, GA)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

315

Mass spectrometry-based methods for detection and differentiation of botulinum neurotoxins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method for detecting the presence of clostridial neurotoxins in a sample by mixing a sample with a peptide that can serve as a substrate for proteolytic activity of a clostridial neurotoxin; and measuring for proteolytic activity of a clostridial neurotoxin by a mass spectroscopy technique. In one embodiment, the peptide can have an affinity tag attached at two or more sites.

Schmidt, Jurgen G. (Los Alamos, NM); Boyer, Anne E. (Atlanta, GA); Kalb, Suzanne R. (Atlanta, GA); Moura, Hercules (Tucker, GA); Barr, John R. (Suwannee, GA); Woolfitt, Adrian R. (Atlanta, GA)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

316

Capability of environmental sampling to detect undeclared cask openings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to determine the signatures that would allow monitors to detect diversion of nuclear fuel (by a diverter) from a storage area such as a geological repository. Due to the complexity of operations surrounding disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a geologic repository, there are several places that a diversion of fuel could take place. After the canister that contains the fuel rods is breached, the diverter would require a hot cell to process or repackage the fuel. A reference repository and possible diversion scenarios are discussed. When a canister is breached, or during reprocessing to extract nuclear weapons material (primarily Pu), several important isotopes or signatures including tritium, {sup 85}Kr, and {sup 129}I are released to the surrounding environment and have the potential for analysis. Estimates of release concentrations of the key signatures from the repository under a hypothetical diversion scenario are presented and discussed. Gas analysis data collected from above-ground storage casks at Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Test Area North (TAN) are included and discussed in the report. In addition, LANL participated in gas sampling of one TAN cask, the Castor V/21, in July 1997. Results of xenon analysis from the cask gas sample are presented and discussed. The importance of global fallout and recent commercial reprocessing activities and their effects on repository monitoring are discussed. Monitoring and instrumental equipment for analysis of the key signature isotopes are discussed along with limits of detection. A key factor in determining if diversion activities are in progress at a repository is the timeliness of detection and analysis of the signatures. Once a clandestine operation is suspected, analytical data should be collected as quickly as possible to support any evidence of diversion.

Beckstead, L.W.; Efurd, D.W.; Hemberger, P.H.; Abhold, M.E.; Eccleston, G.W.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

ElectriSense: single-point sensing using EMI for electrical event detection and classification in the home  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents ElectriSense, a new solution for automatically detecting and classifying the use of electronic devices in a home from a single point of sensing. ElectriSense relies on the fact that most modern consumer electronics and fluorescent ... Keywords: activity recognition, activity sensing, energy monitoring, infrastructure-mediated sensing

Sidhant Gupta; Matthew S. Reynolds; Shwetak N. Patel

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fault Detection, Location, Isolation and Reconnection in ...  

A University of Colorado research team led by Jae-Do Park has developed a fault detection, location and isolation scheme for a low-voltage DC-bus microgrid system, ...

319

Development of the National Lightning Detection Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) can be traced from the initial funding by the Electric Power Research Institute in June 1983. This support, when coupled with a small National Science Foundation–sponsored ...

Richard E. Orville

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

LBA Fire Detection Data Set Puvlished  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fire Detection Data Set Published The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set from the Land Use and Land Cover science theme, a component of the LBA-ECO Large Scale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Multi-level relationship outlier detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationship management is critical in business. Particularly, it is important to detect abnormal relationships, such as fraudulent relationships between service providers and consumers. Surprisingly, in the literature there is no systematic study on ...

Qiang Jiang; Akiko Campbell; Guanting Tang; Jian Pei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Adaptively detecting aggregation bursts in data streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding bursts in data streams is attracting much attention in research community due to its broad applications. Existing burst detection methods suffer the problems that 1) the parameters of window size and absolute burst threshold, which are hard to ...

Aoying Zhou; Shouke Qin; Weining Qian

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Quantitative spectroscopy for detection of cervical dysplasia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current clinical standard for cervical cancer diagnosis is colposcopy, a procedure that involves visual inspection and biopsy of at-risk tissue, followed by histopathology. The major objective of colposcopy is detection ...

Mirkovi?, Jelena, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Detecting Waves Using an Array of Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method of frequency-wavenumber “beamsteering” is a familiar tool in seismic applications and radar work where it is commonly used to detect coherent, propagating disturbances in “noisy” data. However, its use in meteorological situations is ...

J. C. W. Denholm-Price; J. M. Rees

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Tornado Detection Based on Seismic Signal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the present time the only generally accepted method for detecting when a tornado is on the ground is human observation. Based on theoretical considerations combined with eyewitness testimony, there is strong reason to believe that a tornado in ...

Frank B. Tatom; Kevin R. Knupp; Stanley J. Vitton

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Optimization of Core Point Detection in Fingerprints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares and documents the work of an optimized fingerprint core point determination algorithm. This work focuses to present an efficient and precise way for the extraction of core point. Core Point is detected using least mean square algorithm. ...

Nabeel Younus Khan; M. Younus Javed; Naveed Khattak; Umer Munir Yongjun Chang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Fire Detection Using GOES Rapid Scan Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the proper use of geostationary satellite imagery in wildland fire detection. The roles of both the visible and the 3.9-?m channels are emphasized. Case studies from June 2002 are presented to illustrate techniques that ...

John F. Weaver; Dan Lindsey; Dan Bikos; Chris C. Schmidt; Elaine Prins

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Detecting model refactoring opportunities using heuristic search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model-driven engineering (MDE) is an approach to software development where the primary focus is on models. To improve their quality, models continually evolve due, for example, to the detection of "bad design practices", called design defects. Presence ...

Adnane Ghannem; Marouane Kessentini; Ghizlane El Boussaidi

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Hyperspectral detection algorithms: Use covariances or subspaces?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are two broad classes of hyperspectral detection algorithms.1, 2 Algorithms in the first class use the spectral covariance matrix of the background clutter; in contrast, algorithms in the second class characterize ...

Manolakis, Dimitris G.

330

NON-DESTRUCTIVE FLAW DETECTION APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is described for the non-destructive detection of flaws in electrical conducting articles. The particular feature of the detection apparatus is that a flaw in the front or back of the test article will not be masked by signals caused by the passage of the end and front of the article through the detection apparatus. The present invention alleviates the above problem by mounting detection coils on directly opposite sides of the test passageway so that the axes of the pickup coils are perpendicular to the axis of an energizing coil through which the article is passed. A flaw in the article will cause a change in the voltage induced in one pickup coil, but passage of the end or front of the article will not produce unequal signals. The signals are compared in appropriate electrical circuitry to actuate a recorder only when unequal signals are present, indicating the presence of a flaw.

Stateman, M.J.; Holloway, H.R.

1957-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

Change-Point Detection in Meteorological Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical methods of change-point detection can be useful for discovering inhomogeneities in precipitation, air pressure, or temperature time series caused by a change in the measurement process such as a relocation of a gauge. The method is ...

Daniela Jarušková

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Anomaly detection and diagnosis in grid environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifying and diagnosing anomalies in application behavior is critical to delivering reliable application-level performance. In this paper we introduce a strategy to detect anomalies and diagnose the possible reasons behind them. Our approach extends ...

Lingyun Yang; Chuang Liu; Jennifer M. Schopf; Ian Foster

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Blind multiuser detection based on kernel approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A kernel based multiuser detection (MUD) scheme in code-division multiple-access (CDMA) system is proposed. In this scheme, the support vector (SV) under support vector (SVM) framework is obtained through a kernel sparsity approximation, which regulates ...

Tao Yang; Bo Hu

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Airplane Instrument to Detect Ice Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple instrument that detects ice particles has been developed for use in airplane studies of thunderstorms. Although sophisticated instruments are available for imaging atmospheric ice particles, the spatial resolution of the particle ...

J. J. Jones; C. Grotbeck; B. Vonnegut

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Detection of arcs in automotive electrical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the present time, there is no established method for the detection of DC electric arcing. This is a concern for forthcoming advanced automotive electrical systems which consist of higher DC electric power bus voltages, ...

Mishrikey, Matthew David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Apparatus and methods for detecting chemical permeation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods for detecting the permeation of hazardous or toxic chemicals through protective clothing are disclosed. The hazardous or toxic chemicals of interest do not possess the spectral characteristic of luminescence. The apparatus and methods utilize a spectrochemical modification technique to detect the luminescence quenching of an indicator compound which upon permeation of the chemical through the protective clothing, the indicator is exposed to the chemical, thus indicating chemical permeation.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Frameshift detection in prokaryotic genomic sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a new method for frameshift detection, a combination of ab initio and alignment-based algorithms, that can serve as a useful tool for sequencing quality control in the next generation sequencing. We evaluated the method's accuracy ... Keywords: HMM, Markov chains, bioinformatics, frameshift, frameshift detection, genomics, hidden Markov model, machine learning, prokaryotic genomic sequences, protein coding, pyrosequencing, sensitivity, sequencing quality control, specificity

Andrey Kislyuk; Alexandre Lomsadze; Alla L. Lapidus; Mark Borodovsky

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This goal of this project was to develop cyber security audit and attack detection tools for industrial control systems (ICS). Digital Bond developed and released a tool named Bandolier that audits ICS components commonly used in the energy sector against an optimal security configuration. The Portaledge Project developed a capability for the PI Historian, the most widely used Historian in the energy sector, to aggregate security events and detect cyber attacks.

Peterson, Dale

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Complex Event Detection in Extremely Resource-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex Events are sequences of sensor measurements indicating interesting or unusual activity in the monitored process. Such events are ubiquitous in a wide range of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications, yet there does not exist a common mechanism ... Keywords: complex event detection, integer techniques, wireless sensor networks

Michael Zoumboulakis; George Roussos

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Carbon-on-Metal Films for Surface Plasmon Resonance Detection of Matthew R. Lockett,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon-on-Metal Films for Surface Plasmon Resonance Detection of DNA Arrays Matthew R. Lockett of a lamellar structure in which a thin layer of amorphous carbon is deposited onto a surface plasmon-active gold thin film (Figure 1a). Carbon-based surfaces are readily modified with biomolecules of interest

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Detection Technologies, Arms control and nonproliferation technologies. Third/fourth quarters 1993  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Arms Control and Nonproliferation Technologies is another in a series of issues about specific means for detecting and identifying proliferation and other suspect activities outside the realm of arms control treaties. All the projects discussed are funded by the Office of Research and Development of the Department of Energy`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security.

Staehle, G; Stull, S; Talaber, C; Moulthrop, P [eds.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Automatic solar feature detection using image processing and pattern recognition techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the research in this dissertation is to develop a software system to automatically detect and characterize solar flares, filaments and Corona Mass Ejections (CMEs), the core of so-called solar activity. These tools will assist us to ...

Ming Qu / Frank Y. Shih; Haimin Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Detecting Free Carriers in Organic Photovoltaic Systems: Time-Resolved Microwave Conductivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In here we report on using flash photolysis, time-resolved microwave conductivity (fp-TRMC) as a tool for detecting the fate of mobile charge carriers. This spectroscopy does not require electrodes and can therefore focus attention on the active components of the donor- acceptor system and provide insight into the heart of OPV device functionality.

Rumbles, G.; Kopidakis, N.; Coffey, D.; Ferguson, A.; Dayal, S.; Reid, O.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Specific Protein Detection in Multiprotein Coexisting Environment by Using LSPR Biosensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Specific protein detection in multiprotein coexisting environment by localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensor is studied. After the surfaces of self-assembly fabricated triangular Ag nanoparticles on the chip are activated, a specific biological ... Keywords: Biomedical monitoring, biosensor, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), nanostructures

Shuhong Li; Shaoyun Yin; Yueyun Jiang; Changcheng Yin; Qiling Deng; Chunlei Du

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Image Change Detection via Ensemble Learning  

SciTech Connect

The concept of geographic change detection is relevant in many areas. Changes in geography can reveal much information about a particular location. For example, analysis of changes in geography can identify regions of population growth, change in land use, and potential environmental disturbance. A common way to perform change detection is to use a simple method such as differencing to detect regions of change. Though these techniques are simple, often the application of these techniques is very limited. Recently, use of machine learning methods such as neural networks for change detection has been explored with great success. In this work, we explore the use of ensemble learning methodologies for detecting changes in bitemporal synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. Ensemble learning uses a collection of weak machine learning classifiers to create a stronger classifier which has higher accuracy than the individual classifiers in the ensemble. The strength of the ensemble lies in the fact that the individual classifiers in the ensemble create a mixture of experts in which the final classification made by the ensemble classifier is calculated from the outputs of the individual classifiers. Our methodology leverages this aspect of ensemble learning by training collections of weak decision tree based classifiers to identify regions of change in SAR images collected of a region in the Staten Island, New York area during Hurricane Sandy. Preliminary studies show that the ensemble method has approximately 11.5% higher change detection accuracy than an individual classifier.

Martin, Benjamin W [ORNL; Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Permeation absorption sampler with multiple detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting analytes in air or aqueous systems includes a permeation absorption preconcentrator sampler for the analytes and analyte detectors. The preconcentrator has an inner fluid-permeable container into which a charge of analyte-sorbing liquid is intermittently injected, and a fluid-impermeable outer container. The sample is passed through the outer container and around the inner container for trapping and preconcentrating the analyte in the sorbing liquid. The analyte can be detected photometrically by injecting with the sorbing material a reagent which reacts with the analyte to produce a characteristic color or fluorescence which is detected by illuminating the contents of the inner container with a light source and measured the absorbed or emitted light, or by producing a characteristic chemiluminescence which can be detected by a suitable light sensor. The analyte can also be detected amperometrically. Multiple inner containers may be provided into which a plurality of sorbing liquids are respectively introduced for simultaneously detecting different analytes. baffling may be provided in the outer container. A calibration technique is disclosed. 9 figs.

Zaromb, S.

1989-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

347

Development of a scintillation flow-cell detection system for environmental restoration and waste management applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flow-cell detection system was developed utilizing a coincidence circuit and tested with BaF{sub 2}, CaF{sub 2}:Eu and scintillating glass. The coincidence detection system reduced the background from {approximately}200 cps to {approximately}0.5 cps. The detection efficiencies for these cells ranged from 0.38 to 0.66 for {sup 45}Ca beta particles (E{sub max} = 0.257 MeV) and from 0.45 to 0.52 for {sup 233}U alpha particles (E{sub {alpha}} = 4.8 MeV). The minimum detectable activity was calculated for a 30 s count time and determined to be in the range of 1-2 Bq.

DeVol, T.A.; Branton, S.D.; Fjeld, R.A.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Near-Surface Co2 Monitoring And Analysis To Detect Hidden Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Near-Surface Co2 Monitoring And Analysis To Detect Hidden Geothermal Near-Surface Co2 Monitoring And Analysis To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Book: Near-Surface Co2 Monitoring And Analysis To Detect Hidden Geothermal Systems Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hidden geothermal systems are systems devoid of obvious surface hydrothermal manifestations. Emissions of moderate-to-low solubility gases may be one of the primary near-surface signals from these systems. We investigate the potential for CO2 detection and monitoring below and above ground in the near-surface environment as an approach to exploration targeting hidden geothermal systems. We focus on CO2 because it is the dominant noncondensible gas species in most geothermal systems and has

349

PDSF Network Activity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Statistics Network Activity Network Activity PDSF Network Uplinks to NERSC (dual 10 Gbps) NERSC Uplink to ESnet Last edited: 2011-03-31 22:20:59...

350

A Method for Detecting Miners in Underground Coal Mine Videos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detecting miners in underground coal mine videos is significant for the production safety. But, the miners are very similar to the background in underground coal mine videos, it is difficult to detect. In this paper, we proposed a method to detect miners ... Keywords: moving detection, miner detection, underground coal mine video

Limei Cai; Jiansheng Qian

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Indirect Detection of GRBs by Ionospheric Response - Detection of GRB060124A  

SciTech Connect

We report on the independent and indirect detection of GRBs by their ionospheric response (SID-Sudden Ionospheric Disturbance) observed at VLF (Very Low Frequency). Although few such detections have been already reported in the past, the capability of such alternative and indirect investigations of GRBs still remains to be investigated in more details. We present and discuss an example of such VLF/SID detection of the GRB 060124A.

Slosiar, Rudolf [Astronomical Union of Amateur Astronomers, Bojnice (Slovakia); Hudec, Rene [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ 251 65 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

352

Selective chemical detection by energy modulation of sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable instrument for use in the field in detecting, identifying, and quantifying a component of a sampled fluid includes a sensor which chemically reacts with the component of interest or a derivative thereof, an electrical heating filament for heating the sample before it is applied to the sensor, and modulator for continuously varying the temperature of the filament (and hence the reaction rate) between two values sufficient to produce the chemical reaction. In response to this thermal modulation, the sensor produces a modulated output signal, the modulation of which is a function of the activation energy of the chemical reaction, which activation energy is specific to the particular component of interest and its concentration. Microprocessor which compares the modulated output signal with standard responses for a plurality of components to identify and quantify the particular component of interest. In particular, the concentration of the component of interest is proportional to the amplitude of the modulated output signal, while the identifying activation output energy of the chemical interaction indicative of that component is proportional to a normalized parameter equal to the peak-to-peak amplitude divided by the height of the upper peaks above a base line signal level. 5 figures.

Stetter, J.R.; Otagawa, T.

1991-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Early Detection Saves Lives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Early Detection Saves Lives Early Detection Saves Lives Early Detection Saves Lives September 20, 2012 - 2:39pm Addthis What does this mean for me? It can save your life. It can save the life of someone you love. The Worker Health Protection Program (WHPP) is the DOE's Former Worker Medical Screening Program at 13 DOE sites. WHPP provides free medical evaluations for selected occupational diseases every three years to eligible former DOE workers under a national medical protocol established by the DOE. WHPP is funded by the DOE and is operated by a consortium of the City University of New York, the United Steelworkers, and the Atomic Trades & Labor Council in association with clinical facilities in communities near DOE sites. The sites covered under WHPP include the K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge National

354

Detection of Antineutrinos for Non-Proliferation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the feasibility of using the detection of electron antineutrinos produced in fission to monitor the time dependence of the Plutonium content of nuclear power reactors and large (> 1 MWatt) research reactors. If practical such a scheme would allow world-wide, automated monitoring of reactors and, thereby, the detection of proliferation attempts. Although this idea shows some promise, we find that a practical scheme is difficult to envision. We also consider using fission antineutrino spectra to determine and attribute the fuel in an unexploded nuclear device. We find it would not be possible to determine the isotopic content of such a device in this manner. Finally, we examine the possibility of antineutrino detection of an unannounced low-yield (~ 1kton) nuclear explosion. We argue this can be ruled out completely.

Nieto, M M; Teeter, C M; Wilson, W B; Stanbro, W D; Nieto, Michael Martin; Teeter, Corinne M.; Wilson, William B.; Stanbro, William D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Detecting Air Leaks | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detecting Air Leaks Detecting Air Leaks Detecting Air Leaks September 27, 2012 - 6:39pm Addthis For a thorough and accurate measurement of air leakage in your home, hire a qualified technician to conduct an energy assessment, particularly a blower door test. For a thorough and accurate measurement of air leakage in your home, hire a qualified technician to conduct an energy assessment, particularly a blower door test. You may already know where some air leakage occurs in your home, such as an under-the-door draft, but you'll need to find the less obvious gaps to properly air seal your home. For a thorough and accurate measurement of air leakage in your home, hire a qualified technician to conduct an energy assessment, particularly a blower door test. A blower door test, which depressurizes a home, can

356

NETL: Fugitive Gas Emissions Detection Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fugitive Gas Emissions Detection Facilities Fugitive Gas Emissions Detection Facilities NETL uses an array of innovative laboratory techniques and field methods to detect and monitor fugitive emissions of CO2 stored in geologic formations. By providing an accurate accounting of stored CO2 and a high level of confidence that the CO2 will permanently remain in storage, these efforts can help ensure the technical soundness and economic viability of carbon sequestration, a technology that is critical to meeting the national goal of reduced greenhouse gas emissions. Successful research to establish the stability and integrity of host formations will help developers of sequestration projects secure permits and emissions reduction credits, while preventing damage to ecosystems and ensuring public health and safety.

357

A toolkit for detecting technical surprise.  

SciTech Connect

The detection of a scientific or technological surprise within a secretive country or institute is very difficult. The ability to detect such surprises would allow analysts to identify the capabilities that could be a military or economic threat to national security. Sandia's current approach utilizing ThreatView has been successful in revealing potential technological surprises. However, as data sets become larger, it becomes critical to use algorithms as filters along with the visualization environments. Our two-year LDRD had two primary goals. First, we developed a tool, a Self-Organizing Map (SOM), to extend ThreatView and improve our understanding of the issues involved in working with textual data sets. Second, we developed a toolkit for detecting indicators of technical surprise in textual data sets. Our toolkit has been successfully used to perform technology assessments for the Science & Technology Intelligence (S&TI) program.

Trahan, Michael Wayne; Foehse, Mark C.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Detectability of gravitational waves from phase transitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gravitational waves potentially represent our only direct probe of the universe when it was less than one second old. In particular, first-order phase transitions in the early universe can generate a stochastic background of gravitational waves which may be detectable today. We briefly summarize the physical sources of gravitational radiation from phase transitions and present semianalytic expressions for the resulting gravitational wave spectra from three distinct realistic sources: bubble collisions, turbulent plasma motions, and inverse-cascade helical magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Using phenomenological parameters to describe phase transition properties, we determine the region of parameter space for which gravitational waves can be detected by the proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna. The electroweak phase transition is detectable for a wide range of parameters.

Kahniashvili, Tina [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); CCPP, New York University, 4 Washington Plaza, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Department of Physics, Laurentian University, Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6 (Canada); National Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Kosowsky, Arthur [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Gogoberidze, Grigol [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); National Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Maravin, Yurii [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Detection and Characterization of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Detection and Characterization of Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Detection and Characterization of Degradation Precursors Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Detection and Characterization of Degradation Precursors The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is developing the fundamental scientific basis to understand, predict, and measure changes in materials and systems, structure, and components (SSCs) as they age in environments associated with long-term operations (LTO) of operating commercial nuclear power reactors. The push towards safe long-term operations of light-water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plants (NPPs) brings significant challenges because aging of components can limit the operating lifetime of critical systems (Bond 2010; Bond et al. 2011a). A key element of LTO of LWRs is therefore

360

DCE Bio Detection System Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The DCE (DNA Capture Element) Bio-Detection System (Biohound) was conceived, designed, built and tested by PNNL under a MIPR for the US Air Force under the technical direction of Dr. Johnathan Kiel and his team at Brooks City Base in San Antonio Texas. The project was directed toward building a measurement device to take advantage of a unique aptamer based assay developed by the Air Force for detecting biological agents. The assay uses narrow band quantum dots fluorophores, high efficiency fluorescence quenchers, magnetic micro-beads beads and selected aptamers to perform high specificity, high sensitivity detection of targeted biological materials in minutes. This final report summarizes and documents the final configuration of the system delivered to the Air Force in December 2008

Lind, Michael A.; Batishko, Charles R.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Owsley, Stanley L.; Dunham, Glen C.; Warner, Marvin G.; Willett, Jesse A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: Bandolier...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: Bandolier and Portaledge, March 2010 Cyber Security Audit and Attack Detection Toolkit: Bandolier and Portaledge, March 2010 This...

362

ROBOTIC SYSTEMS for DEPLOYING SENSORS to DETECT CONTRABAND in CARGO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this respect from sniffing explosives on the persons of terrorists passing through airports: explosives solvent detection, quadrupole mass spectrometry chemical taggant detection tandem/hybrid techniques

Siegel, Mel

363

ROBOTIC SYSTEMS for DEPLOYING SENSORS to DETECT CONTRABAND in CARGO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this respect from sniffing explosives on the persons of terrorists passing through airports: explosives detection, quadrupole mass spectrometry chemical taggant detection tandem/hybrid techniques biosensors eddy

Siegel, Mel

364

Advanced technologies for perimeter intrusion detection sensors  

SciTech Connect

The development of integrated circuit fabrication techniques and the resulting devices have contributed more to the advancement of exterior intrusion detectors and alarm assessment devices than any other technology. The availability of this technology has led to the improvements in and further development of smaller more powerful computers, microprocessors, solid state memories, solid state cameras, thermal imagers, low-power lasers, and shorter pulse width and higher frequency electronic circuitry. This paper presents information on planning a perimeter intrusion detection system, identifies the site characteristics that affect its performance, and describes improvements to perimeter intrusion detection sensors and assessment devices that have been achieved by using integrated circuit technology.

Williams, J.D.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Radioactive Contraband Detection: A Bayesian Approach  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclide emissions from nuclear contraband challenge both detection and measurement technologies to capture and record each event. The development of a sequential Bayesian processor incorporating both the physics of gamma-ray emissions and the measurement of photon energies offers a physics-based approach to attack this challenging problem. It is shown that a 'physics-based' structure can be used to develop an effective detection technique, but also motivates the implementation of this approach using or particle filters to enhance and extract the required information.

Candy, J; Breitfeller, E; Guidry, B; Manatt, D; Sale, K; Chambers, D; Axelrod, M; Meyer, A

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

366

System For Detection Of Hazardous Events  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting the occurrence of anomalies, includes a plurality of spaced apart nodes, with each node having adjacent nodes, each of the nodes having one or more sensors associated with the node and capable of detecting anomalies, and each of the nodes having a controller connected to the sensors associated with the node. The system also includes communication links between adjacent nodes, whereby the nodes form a network. Each controller is programmed to query its adjacent nodes to assess the status of the adjacent nodes and the communication links.

Kulesz, James J [Oak Ridge, TN; Worley, Brian A [Knoxville, TN

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

367

Nonlinear nanomechanical oscillators for ultrasensitive inertial detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for ultrasensitive mass and/or force detection of this invention includes a mechanical oscillator driven to oscillate in a nonlinear regime. The mechanical oscillator includes a piezoelectric base with at least one cantilever resonator etched into the piezoelectric base. The cantilever resonator is preferably a nonlinear resonator which is driven to oscillate with a frequency and an amplitude. The system of this invention detects an amplitude collapse of the cantilever resonator at a bifurcation frequency as the cantilever resonator stimulated over a frequency range. As mass and/or force is introduced to the cantilever resonator, the bifurcation frequency shifts along a frequency axis in proportion to the added mass.

Datskos, Panagiotis George; Lavrik, Nickolay V

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

368

Position Sensitive Detection System for Charged Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The position sensitive detection system presented in this work employs the Anger logic algorithm to determine the position of the light spark produced by the passage of charged particles on a 170 x 170 x 10 mm3 scintillator material (PILOT-U). The detection system consists of a matrix of nine photomultipliers, covering a fraction of the back area of the scintillators. Tests made with a non-collimated alpha particle source together with a Monte Carlo simulation that reproduces the data, suggest an intrinsic position resolution of up to 6 mm is achieved.

Coello, E. A. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Favela, F. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Curiel, Q. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Chavez, E [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Huerta, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; Varela, A. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Ocoyoacac, Mexico; Shapira, Dan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

In-band spectrum sensing in cognitive radio networks: energy detection or feature detection?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a cognitive radio network (CRN), in-band spectrum sensing is essential for the protection of legacy spectrum users, with which the presence of primary users (PUs) can be detected promptly, allowing secondary users (SUs) to vacate the channels immediately. ... Keywords: energy and feature detection, sensing scheduling, sensor clustering, spectrum sensing and opportunity

Hyoil Kim; Kang G. Shin

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Monte Carlo Simulations for Mine Detection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During January, 1998, collaboration between LLNL, UCI and Exdet, Ltd. arranged for the testing and evaluation of a Russian developed antitank mine detection system at the Buried Objects Detection Facility (BODF) located at the Nevada Test Site. BODF is a secured 30-acre facility with approximately 300 live antitank mines that were buried in 1993 and 1994. The burial depths range from a few cm to 15 cm and the various metal- and plastic-case antitank mines each contain 6-12 kg of high explosive. Contractors who have tested their mine detection equipment at BODF include: SAIC, SRI, ERIM, MIT/Lincoln Laboratory and Loral Defense Systems. In addition LLNL researchers have used BODF to test antitank mine detection systems based on: dual-band infrared imaging, hyper-spectral imaging, synthetic aperture impulse radar and micro-impulse radar. In a blind test the Russian operated system obtained the highest score of any technology tested to date at BODF. The system is based on combining information from two separate sensors; one to detect anomalous concentrations of hydrogen and the other to detect if such anomalies also have the correct nitrogen to carbon ratio for high explosives. The detection sensitivity is set by the geometry and type of neutron moderator and filters surrounding the neutron source and detectors. Detection of hydrogen anomalies is a rapid process based on neutron scattering. The handheld instrument on the end of a wand could scan a large area at a rate of 4-5 square meters per minute. Once the hydrogen anomalies were located a second sensor was used to measure the thermal neutron excited gamma-ray spectrum at each hydrogen anomaly to determine whether that location in addition contained high concentrations of nitrogen. The second process was slower, taking up to 5 minutes for each location. The information from both sensors were then examined by the operator and a declaration was made as to whether or not the anomaly was a buried antitank mine. Although the system worked extremely well on all classes of anti-tank mines, the Russian hardware components were inferior to those that are commercially available in the United States, i.e. the NaI(Tl) crystals had significantly higher background levels and poorer resolution than their U.S. counterparts, the electronics appeared to be decades old and the photomultiplier tubes were noisy and lacked gain stabilization circuitry. During the evaluation of this technology, the question that came to mind was: could state-of-the-art sensors and electronics and improved software algorithms lead to a neutron based system that could reliably detect much smaller buried mines; namely antipersonnel mines containing 30-40 grams of high explosive? Our goal in this study was to conduct Monte Carlo simulations to gain better understanding of both phases of the mine detection system and to develop an understanding for the system's overall capabilities and limitations. In addition, we examined possible extensions of this technology to see whether or not state-of-the-art improvements could lead to a reliable anti-personnel mine detection system.

Toor, A.; Marchetti, A.A.

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Particle Adventure | How do we detect what's happening? | Detecting the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

detect what's happening? > detect what's happening? > Detecting the world Detecting the world Let's look at the most familiar example of this source/target/detection scheme: the way in which we perceive the world. What we think of as "light" is really made up of billions and trillions of particles called "photons." Photons, like all particles, also have wave characteristics. For this reason, a photon carries information about the physical world because it interacts with what it hit. For example, imagine that there is a light bulb behind you, and a tennis ball in front of you. Photons travel from the light bulb (source), bounce off the tennis ball (target), and when these photons hit your eye (detector), you infer from the direction the photons came from that there is a round object in front of you. Moreover, you can tell by the different photon wavelengths that the object is green and tan.

372

FY2010 Annual Report for the Actinide Isomer Detection Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project seeks to identify a new signature for actinide element detection in active interrogation. This technique works by exciting and identifying long-lived nuclear excited states (isomers) in the actinide isotopes and/or primary fission products. Observation of isomers in the fission products will provide a signature for fissile material. For the actinide isomers, the decay time and energy of the isomeric state is unique to a particular isotope, providing an unambiguous signature for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). Future work will include a follow-up measurement scheduled for December 2010 at LBNL. Lessons learned from the July 2010 measurements will be incorporated into these new measurements. Analysis of both the July and December experiments will be completed in a few months. A research paper to be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal will be drafted if the conclusions from the measurements warrant publication.

Warren, Glen A.; Francy, Christopher J.; Ressler, Jennifer J.; Erikson, Luke E.; Miller, Erin A.; Hatarik, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Pulsed Photofission Delayed Gamma Ray Detection for Nuclear Material Identification  

SciTech Connect

Innovative systems with increased sensitivity and resolution are in great demand to detect diversion and to prevent misuse in support of nuclear materials management for the U.S. fuel cycle. Nuclear fission is the most important multiplicative process involved in non-destructive active interrogation. This process produces the most easily recognizable signature for nuclear materials. High-energy gamma rays can also excite a nucleus and cause fission through a process known as photofission. After photofission reactions, delayed signals are easily distinguishable from the interrogating radiation. Linac-based, advanced inspection techniques utilizing the fission signals after photofission have been extensively studied for homeland security applications. Previous research also showed that a unique delayed gamma ray energy spectrum exists for each fissionable isotope. Isotopic composition measurement methods based on delayed gamma ray spectroscopy will be the primary focus of this work.

John Kavouras; Xianfei Wen; Daren R. Norman; Dante R. Nakazawa; Haori Yang

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Defect Prevention and Detection in Software for Automated Test Equipment  

SciTech Connect

Software for automated test equipment can be tedious and monotonous making it just as error-prone as other software. Active defect prevention and detection are also important for test applications. Incomplete or unclear requirements, a cryptic syntax used for some test applications—especially script-based test sets, variability in syntax or structure, and changing requirements are among the problems encountered in one tester. Such problems are common to all software but can be particularly problematic in test equipment software intended to test another product. Each of these issues increases the probability of error injection during test application development. This report describes a test application development tool designed to address these issues and others for a particular piece of test equipment. By addressing these problems in the development environment, the tool has powerful built-in defect prevention and detection capabilities. Regular expressions are widely used in the development tool as a means of formally defining test equipment requirements for the test application and verifying conformance to those requirements. A novel means of using regular expressions to perform range checking was developed. A reduction in rework and increased productivity are the results. These capabilities are described along with lessons learned and their applicability to other test equipment software. The test application development tool, or “application builder”, is known as the PT3800 AM Creation, Revision and Archiving Tool (PACRAT).

E. Bean

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

System and method for detecting cells or components thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for detecting a detectably labeled cell or component thereof in a sample comprising one or more cells or components thereof, at least one cell or component thereof of which is detectably labeled with at least two detectable labels. In one embodiment, the method comprises: (i) introducing the sample into one or more flow cells of a flow cytometer, (ii) irradiating the sample with one or more light sources that are absorbed by the at least two detectable labels, the absorption of which is to be detected, and (iii) detecting simultaneously the absorption of light by the at least two detectable labels on the detectably labeled cell or component thereof with an array of photomultiplier tubes, which are operably linked to two or more filters that selectively transmit detectable emissions from the at least two detectable labels.

Porter, Marc D. (Ames, IA); Lipert, Robert J. (Ames, IA); Doyle, Robert T. (Ames, IA); Grubisha, Desiree S. (Corona, CA); Rahman, Salma (Ames, IA)

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

376

Money Laundering Detection using Synthetic Data.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Criminals use money laundering to make the proceeds from their illegal activities look legitimate in the eyes of the rest of society. Current countermeasures taken… (more)

Lopez-Rojas, Edgar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Method for detecting sophisticated cyber attacks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of analyzing computer intrusion detection information that looks beyond known attacks and abnormal access patterns to the critical information that an intruder may want to access. Unique target identifiers and type of work performed by the networked targets is added to audit log records. Analysis using vector space modeling, dissimilarity matrix comparison, and clustering of the event records is then performed.

Potok, Thomas E. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

378

Towards better tamper&intrusion detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation discusses in generic terms some of the work of the Vulnerability Assessment Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the area of tamper and intrusion detection. Novel security approaches are discussed. We also present preliminary results for a crude prototype of a high security ('Town Crier') monitoring system for securing moving cargo or stationary assets.

Johnston, R. G. (Roger G.); Garcia, A. R. E. (Anthony R. E.); Pacheco, A. N. (Adam N.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Detecting driver phone use leveraging car speakers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the fundamental problem of distinguishing between a driver and passenger using a mobile phone, which is the critical input to enable numerous safety and interface enhancements. Our detection system leverages the existing car stereo ... Keywords: acoustic ranging, bluetooth, car speakers, driving safety, location classification, smartphone

Jie Yang; Simon Sidhom; Gayathri Chandrasekaran; Tam Vu; Hongbo Liu; Nicolae Cecan; Yingying Chen; Marco Gruteser; Richard P. Martin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An East Coast Lightning Detection Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A magnetic direction-finding network for the detection of lightning cloud-to-ground strikes has been installed, and it records most of the ground flashes from Maine to North Carolina and as far west as Ohio. This area includes or touches fourteen ...

Richard E. Orville; Ronald W. Henderson; Lance F. Bosart

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Laser speckle photography for surface tampering detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often desirable to detect whether a surface has been touched, even when the changes made to that surface are too subtle to see in a pair of before and after images. To address this challenge, we introduce a new imaging ...

Shih, YiChang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Efficient event detection by exploiting crowds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Encouraging users to participate in community-based sensing and collection for the purpose of identifying events of interest for the community has found important applications in the recent years in a wide variety of domains including entertainment, ... Keywords: clustering, community-based participatory sensing, distributed systems, event detection, mobile systems, sampling

Ioannis Boutsis, Vana Kalogeraki, Dimitrios Gunopulos

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Coated semiconductor devices for neutron detection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A device for detecting neutrons includes a semi-insulated bulk semiconductor substrate having opposed polished surfaces. A blocking Schottky contact comprised of a series of metals such as Ti, Pt, Au, Ge, Pd, and Ni is formed on a first polished surface of the semiconductor substrate, while a low resistivity ("ohmic") contact comprised of metals such as Au, Ge, and Ni is formed on a second, opposed polished surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, n-type low resistivity pinout contacts comprised of an Au/Ge based eutectic alloy or multi-layered Pd/Ge/Ti/Au are also formed on the opposed polished surfaces and in contact with the Schottky and ohmic contacts. Disposed on the Schottky contact is a neutron reactive film, or coating, for detecting neutrons. The coating is comprised of a hydrogen rich polymer, such as a polyolefin or paraffin; lithium or lithium fluoride; or a heavy metal fissionable material. By varying the coating thickness and electrical settings, neutrons at specific energies can be detected. The coated neutron detector is capable of performing real-time neutron radiography in high gamma fields, digital fast neutron radiography, fissile material identification, and basic neutron detection particularly in high radiation fields.

Klann, Raymond T. (Bolingbrook, IL); McGregor, Douglas S. (Whitmore Lake, MI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

THINK.CHANGE.DO THE FINGERPRINT DETECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Forensic Science Viewing things through a different lens R. Ma et al., Forensic Science International, v. 207 pp. 145-149 R. Ma et al., Forensic Science International, v. 217 pp. e23-e26 #12;UTS: CentreTHINK.CHANGE.DO THE FINGERPRINT DETECTION (R)EVOLUTION Dr Xanthe Spindler #12;UTS: Centre

Baird, Mark

385

Detecting adversarial advertisements in the wild  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a large online advertising system, adversaries may attempt to profit from the creation of low quality or harmful advertisements. In this paper, we present a large scale data mining effort that detects and blocks such adversarial advertisements for ... Keywords: adversarial learning, data mining, online advertisement

D. Sculley; Matthew Eric Otey; Michael Pohl; Bridget Spitznagel; John Hainsworth; Yunkai Zhou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fault detection and diagnosis of technical systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensors, actuators and/or physical components in technical systems are often affected by unpermitted or un-expected deviations from normal operation behaviour. The fault diagnosis task consists of determination of the fault type with as many details ... Keywords: fault detection and diagnosis, residuals, symptoms, technical systems

Ioana Fagarasan; S. ST. Iliescu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Energy saving of TV by face detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major part of electric power is supplied by thermal power stations, which emit carbon dioxide (CO2) while generating electricity. Today, since we consume a lot of electricity, we are threatened by environmental problems including global warming. One ... Keywords: TV, electric consumption, energy saving, environmental problem, face detection

Ryo Ariizumi; Shigeo Kaneda; Hirohide Haga

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Detection, Prevention and Mitigation of Cascading Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Engineering Research Center A National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center since 1996 PSERC #12;Power Systems Engineering Research Center Detection, Prevention-845-9887 Email: kezunov@ee.tamu.edu Power Systems Engineering Research Center This is a project report from

389

Fuel cell flooding detection and correction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for monitoring an H.sub.2 -O.sub.2 PEM fuel cells to detect and correct flooding. The pressure drop across a given H.sub.2 or O.sub.2 flow field is monitored and compared to predetermined thresholds of unacceptability. If the pressure drop exists a threshold of unacceptability corrective measures are automatically initiated.

DiPierno Bosco, Andrew (Rochester, NY); Fronk, Matthew Howard (Honeoye Falls, NY)

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Method for detecting gas turbine engine flashback  

SciTech Connect

A method for monitoring and controlling a gas turbine, comprises predicting frequencies of combustion dynamics in a combustor using operating conditions of a gas turbine, receiving a signal from a sensor that is indicative of combustion dynamics in the combustor, and detecting a flashback if a frequency of the received signal does not correspond to the predicted frequencies.

Singh, Kapil Kumar; Varatharajan, Balachandar; Kraemer, Gilbert Otto; Yilmaz, Ertan; Lacy, Benjamin Paul

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

Detecting atmospheric rivers in large climate datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme precipitation events on the western coast of North America are often traced to an unusual weather phenomenon known as atmospheric rivers. Although these storms may provide a significant fraction of the total water to the highly managed western ... Keywords: atmospheric rivers, automatic detection of atmospheric rivers, connected component labeling, extreme climate events

Surendra Byna; Prabhat; Michael F. Wehner; Kesheng John Wu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A New Algorithm for Service Interaction Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new formal method for telephony services engineering allowing feature interactions detection. System and service specifications are provided using the specification language SDL. These specifications are simulated in order to obtain ... Keywords: feature interaction, finite state machine, intelligent network, telecommunication service

Ana R. Cavalli; Stéphane Maag

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Server-side detection of malware infection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the intertwined problems of malware and online fraud, and argue that the fact that service providers often are nancially responsible for fraud causes a relative lack of incentives for clients to manage their own security well. This suggests ... Keywords: anti-virus, audit, cell phone, detection, fraud, incentive compatible, infection, malware, mobile, post-mortem, retroactive

Markus Jakobsson; Ari Juels

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Digital radiographic systems detect boiler tube cracks  

SciTech Connect

Boiler water wall leaks have been a major cause of steam plant forced outages. But conventional nondestructive evaluation techniques have a poor track record of detecting corrosion fatigue cracking on the inside surface of the cold side of waterwall tubing. EPRI is performing field trials of a prototype direct-digital radiographic system that promises to be a game changer. 8 figs.

Walker, S. [EPRI, Charlotte, NC (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Secure localization with phantom node detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an adversarial environment, various kinds of attacks become possible if malicious nodes could claim fake locations that are different from their physical locations. In this paper, we propose a secure localization mechanism that detects existence of ... Keywords: Decentralized algorithm, Localization, Location verification, Secure localization, Sensor networks, Speculative algorithm

Joengmin Hwang; Tian He; Yongdae Kim

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Apparatus and method for detecting seismic waves  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed is an apparatus for transducing seismic signals and a method for placing said apparatus for detecting seismic signals. The apparatus comprises at least one geophone preferably embedded in a polymeric material contained in a tubular member. A lower portion of the tubular member preferably contains ballast. The tubular member is preferably cemented into a borehole.

O' Brien, T.T.

1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

397

Detection of Antineutrinos for Non-Proliferation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the feasibility of using the detection of electron antineutrinos produced in fission to monitor the time dependence of the plutonium content of nuclear power reactors. If practical such a scheme would allow world-wide, automated monitoring of reactors and, thereby, the detection of certain proliferation scenarios. For GW$_e$ power reactors the count rates and the sensitivity of the antineutrino spectrum (to the core burn-up) suggest that monitoring of the gross operational status of the reactor from outside the containment vessel is feasible. As the plutonium content builds up in a given burn cycle the total number of antineutrinos steadily drops and this variation is quite detectable, assuming fixed reactor power. The average antineutrino energy also steadily drops, and a measurement of this variation would be very useful to help off set uncertainties in the total reactor power. However, the expected change in the antineutrino signal from the diversion of a significant quantity (SQ) of plutonium, which would typically require the diversion of as little as a single fuel assemblies in a GW$_e$ reactor, would be very difficult to detect.

Michael Martin Nieto; A. C. Hayes; Corinne M. Teeter; William B. Wilson; William D. Stanbro

2003-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

398

Detecting, Locating, and Characterizing Remote Power Sources  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study to determine range and back-azimuth detection methods for an isolated generator powering common loads was completed. The study deployed 3-component E and B field sensors with sampling rates of 100 kHz in a low noise test location in Southern California. Scripted power and load cycling was recorded at ranges of 40 meters to 4 km from the generator/load source. Three loads were tested: a 100 meter string of lights, an inverter powering an air blower, and a resistive heater. No E-field or B-field radiated signals were detected at ranges greater than 40 meters with a signal-to-noise ratio greater than one. Large variations in the broadband background electromagnetic noise were observed and may have been responsible for null detections at some measurement locations. At the 40-meter station, a frequency shift upon generator loading was observed for all load types. Harmonics from the detuned generator (operating at 56.7 Hz) could be observed for all load types but were most pronounced for the inverter source. A back-azimuth estimation methodology was applied to detected harmonics with stable and consistent results. For the inverter source, consistent back azimuths to the source were determined for the fundamental and higher detected harmonics up to the 31st. The method was applied to narrow band ''noise'' at 60 Hz and produced bimodal directions that roughly pointed to large population centers. Details of the method are withheld in this report pending a record of invention submittal. Although the generator/load combinations, which utilized wiring that tended to minimize stray signals, cannot yet be detected at large stand-off range without application of noise-filtering methods, the back-azimuth method appears promising and should be applied to other source types and frequency ranges where an E and B field can be detected. A record of invention describing this new back-azimuth method has been submitted to the Intellectual Property Law Group.

Harben, P; Carrigan, C; Kirkendall, B; Simons, D

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

399

ON THE DETECTABILITY OF STAR-PLANET INTERACTION  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic (or tidal) interactions between 'hot Jupiters' and their host stars can potentially enhance chromospheric and coronal activity. An ideal test bed for investigating this effect is provided by the extreme WASP-18 system, which features a massive ({approx}10 times Jupiter) close-in ({approx}<1 day period) transiting planet orbiting a young F6 star. Optical and X-ray observations of WASP-18 were conducted in 2011 November. The high-resolution echelle spectrograph Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle was used on the 6.5 m Magellan Clay Telescope to obtain 13 spectra spanning planetary orbital phases of 0.7-1.4, while the X-ray Telescope on Swift provided contemporaneous monitoring with a stacked exposure of {approx}50 ks. The cores of the Ca II H and K lines do not show significant variability over multiple orbits spanning {approx}8 days, in contrast to the expectation of phase-dependent chromospheric activity enhancements for efficient star-planet interaction. The star is also X-ray faint, with log L{sub X} < 27.6, indicating that coronal activity is likewise low. The lack of detectable star-planet interaction in this extreme system requires that any such effect here must be transient, if indeed present. We demonstrate that searches for Ca II H and K variability can potentially mistake a stellar hotspot, if observed over a short segment of the rotation period, for planet-induced activity. Taken together, these results suggest that the utility of star-planet interaction as a robust method of estimating exoplanet magnetic field strengths may be limited.

Miller, Brendan P.; Gallo, Elena [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Wright, Jason T. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Dupree, Andrea K. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Active magnetic regenerator  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to an active magnetic regenerator apparatus and method. Brayton, Stirling, Ericsson, and Carnot cycles and the like may be utilized in an active magnetic regenerator to provide efficient refrigeration over relatively large temperature ranges.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Steyert, William A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Automatic Detection of Unsafe Component Loadings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic loading of software components (e.g., libraries or modules) is a widely used mechanism for improved system modularity and flexibility. Correct component resolution is critical for reliable and secure software execution, however, programming mistakes may lead to unintended or even malicious components to be resolved and loaded. In particular, dynamic loading can be hijacked by placing an arbitrary file with the specified name in a directory searched before resolving the target component. Although this issue has been known for quite some time, it was not considered serious because exploiting it requires access to the local file system on the vulnerable host. Recently such vulnerabilities started to receive considerable attention as their remote exploitation became realistic; it is now important to detect and fix these vulnerabilities. In this paper, we present the first automated technique to detect vulnerable and unsafe dynamic component loadings. Our analysis has two phases: 1) apply dynamic binary instrumentation to collect runtime information on component loading (online phase); and 2) analyze the collected information to detect vulnerable component loadings (offline phase). For evaluation, we implemented our technique to detect vulnerable and unsafe DLL loadings in popular Microsoft Windows software. Our results show that unsafe DLL loading is prevalent and can lead to serious security threats. Our tool detected more than 1,700 unsafe DLL loadings in 28 widely used software and discovered serious attack vectors for remote code execution. Microsoft has opened a Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) case on our reported issues and is working with us and other affected software vendors to develop necessary patches.

Taeho Kwon; Zhendong Su

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Incident Handling Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[an error occurred while processing this directive] Incident Handling Activities. Since 1989 the National Institute of Standards ...

403

Science Activities in Biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities in Biomass Curriculum: Biomass Power (organic chemistry, genetics, distillation, agriculture, chemicalcarbon cycles, climatology, plants and energy resources...

404

Activity Book TA Orientation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activity Book TA Orientation School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota Fall, 2004 Student Laboratory Reports 195 Homework #8. Judging Problems 211 #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 1: UMn: _______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ #12;TA Orientation 2004 Activity 1 (continued) Page 2 University of Minnesota Model for Teaching

Minnesota, University of

405

Activity Book TA Orientation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activity Book TA Orientation School of Physics and Astronomy University of Minnesota Fall, 2005 #12 of Example Student Laboratory Reports 181 #12;#12;TA Orientation 2005 Activity 1: UMn Model for Introductory: _______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ #12;TA Orientation 2005 Activity 1 (continued) Page 2 Notes

Minnesota, University of

406

Waste Sorting Activity Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Sorting Activity Introduction: This waste sorting game was originally designed to be one have completed the waste sorting activity quickly, no team was able to complete the waste sorting task who were unfamiliar with Dalhousie's waste management system. Goals: The primary goal of the activity

Beaumont, Christopher

407

Windows activation Sergei Striganov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows activation Sergei Striganov Fermilab July 25, 2007 #12;Beam windows residual activity of irradiated object should be much larger than -ray interaction length (3.7 cm in windows). In such model activation is proportional to star density. For beam size much smaller windows transverse dimension

McDonald, Kirk

408

Validation of MODIS Active Fire Detection Products Derived from Two Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fire influences global change and tropical ecosystems through its connection to land-cover dynamics, atmospheric composition, and the global carbon cycle. As such, the climate change community, the Brazilian government, and the Large-Scale ...

Jeffrey T. Morisette; Louis Giglio; Ivan Csiszar; Alberto Setzer; Wilfrid Schroeder; Douglas Morton; Christopher O. Justice

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Beehive: large-scale log analysis for detecting suspicious activity in enterprise networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As more and more Internet-based attacks arise, organizations are responding by deploying an assortment of security products that generate situational intelligence in the form of logs. These logs often contain high volumes of interesting and useful information ...

Ting-Fang Yen, Alina Oprea, Kaan Onarlioglu, Todd Leetham, William Robertson, Ari Juels, Engin Kirda

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Implementation of a voice activity detection and comfort noise generation algorithm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is devoted to the investigation of effective implementations of a modified version of a well-established fixed-point data-dependent VAD-CNG algorithm of Nortel Networks. In… (more)

Liang, Jing

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Active case detection for malaria elimination: a survey among Asia Pacific countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these countries conduct investigations for each case. Overreported that they conduct case investigation as part ofreported that they conduct case investigation for all cases.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

An approach for the automatic cephalometric landmark detection using mathematical morphology and active appearance models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cephalometric analysis of lateral radiographs of the head is an important diagnosis tool in orthodontics. Based on manually locating specific landmarks, it is a tedious, time-consuming and error prone task. In this paper, we propose an automated system ...

Sylvia Rueda; Mariano Alcañiz

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Toward Application of an Active Fence for Object Detection, Manipulation and Alignment on Conveyer Belt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cillatory system expressed through term x2 is: mF k1 k1 +k2 +mox2 + +d gmo 2 sign_x2+ + k1 k2 k1 + k2 x2 = 0 which will hold for sti object, the equation 9 transforms in: mF +mox2+d gmo 2 sign_x2+k2 x2 = 0 10 10, the equation 9 transforms into: mox2 + d gmo 2 sign_x2+ k1 x2 = 0 11 since the ratio of mF k1 k1+k2 tends

414

Passive Acoustic Detection of Wind Turbine In-Flow Conditions for Active Control and Optimization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind is a significant source of energy; however, the human capability to produce electrical energy still has many hurdles to overcome. One of these is the unpredictability of the winds in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). The ABL is highly turbulent in both stable and unstable conditions (based on the vertical temperature profile) and the resulting fluctuations can have a dramatic impact on wind turbine operation. Any method by which these fluctuations could be observed, estimated, or predicted could provide a benefit to the wind energy industry as a whole. Based on the fundamental coupling of velocity fluctuations to pressure fluctuations in the nearly incompressible flow in the ABL, This work hypothesizes that a ground-based array of infrasonic pressure transducers could be employed to estimate the vertical wind profile over a height relevant for wind turbines. To analyze this hypothesis, experiments and field deployments were conducted. Wind tunnel experiments were performed for a thick turbulent boundary layer over a neutral or heated surface. Surface pressure and velocity probe measurements were acquired simultaneously. Two field deployments yielded surface pressure data from a 49 element array. The second deployment at the Reese Technology Center in Lubbock, TX, also included data from a smaller aperture, 96-element array and a 200-meter tall meteorological tower. Analysis of the data successfully demonstrated the ability to estimate the vertical velocity profile using coherence data from the pressure array. Also, dynamical systems analysis methods were successful in identifying and tracking a gust type event. In addition to the passive acoustic profiling method, this program also investigated a rapid response Doppler SODAR system, the optimization of wind turbine blades for enhanced power with reduced aeroacoustic noise production, and the implementation of a wireless health monitoring system for the wind turbine blades. Each of these other objectives was met successfully. The use of phase unwrapping applied to SODAR data was found to yield reasonable results for per-pulse measurements. A health monitoring system design analysis was able to demonstrate the ability to use a very small number of sensors to monitor blade health based on the blade's overall structural modes. Most notable was the development of a multi-objective optimization methodology that successfully yielded an aerodynamic blade design that produces greater power output with reduced aerodynamic loading noise. This optimization method could be significant for future design work.

Murray, Nathan E.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

415

Employing Active Aerial Acoustics to Increase Detections of the Critically Endangered North Pacific Right Whale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Seattle, WA 98115-6349, USA METHODS Aerial surveys were conducted within the Bering Sea critical habitat" calls recorded from sonobuoys deployed during the 2009 aerial survey. This figure represents flights in the direction of the bearing. Table 1. Aerial survey effort in 2009 including successful sonobuoy deployments

416

NIST Physics Laboratory: Technical Activities 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Recent Technical Activities, Technical Activities 2000 - NISTIR 6590. TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES 2000. ... Most Recent Technical Activities ...

417

SQUID-Detected NMR and MRI at Ultralow Magnetic Fields  

By combining the use of supersensitive magnetic field detecting Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices (SQUIDS) with ...

418

A Novel Approach for Edge Detection of Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edge detection is a problem of fundamental importance in image analysis. Many approaches for edge detection have already revealed more are waiting to be. But edge detection using K-means algorithm is the most heuristic and unique approach. In this paper, ... Keywords: Edge-detection, K-means algorithm, gray scale images, artificial feature, cluster, mean, standard deviation, entropy, busyness

Debashis Ganguly; Swarnendu Mukherjee; Kheyali Mitra; Partha Mukherjee

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

A semi-continuous state-transition probability HMM-based voice activity detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce an efficient hidden Markov model-based voice activity detection (VAD) algorithm with time-variant state-transition probabilities in the underlying Markov chain. The transition probabilities vary in an exponential charge/discharge scheme ...

H. Othman; T. Aboulnasr

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

MODIS Reflectance and Active Fire Data for Burn Mapping in Colombia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-based strategies for burned area mapping may rely on two types of remotely sensed data: postfire reflectance images and active fire detection. This study uses both methods in a synergistic way. In particular, burned area mapping is ...

Silvia Merino-de-Miguel; Federico González-Alonso; Margarita Huesca; Dolors Armenteras; Carol Franco

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Statistical data mining of streaming motion data for activity and fall recognition in assistive environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of human motion data is interesting in the context of activity recognition or emergency event detection, especially in the case of elderly or disabled people living independently in their homes. Several techniques have been proposed for ... Keywords: Cumulative sum (CUSUM) algorithm, Fall detection, Streaming motion data, Visual data

S. K. Tasoulis; C. N. Doukas; V. P. Plagianakos; I. Maglogiannis

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Low energy conversion electron detection in superfluid He3 at ultra-low temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the first results of the MACHe3 (MAtrix of Cells of Helium 3) prototype experiment concerning the measurement of low energy conversion electrons at ultra-low temperature. For the first time, the feasibility of the detection of low energy electrons is demonstrated in superfluid He3-B cooled down to 100 microK. Low energy electrons at 7.3 keV coming from the K shell conversion of the 14.4 keV nuclear transition of a low activity Co57 source are detected, opening the possibility to use a He3-based detector for the detection of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) which are expected to release an amount of energy higher-bounded by 5.6 keV.

E. Moulin; C. Winkelmann; J. F. Macias-Perez; Yu. M. Bunkov; H. Godfrin; D. Santos

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

423

Design and evaluation of the ReKon : an integrated detection and assessment perimeter system.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kontek Industries (Kannapolis, NC) and their subsidiary, Stonewater Control Systems (Kannapolis, NC), have entered into a cooperative research and development agreement with Sandia to jointly develop and evaluate an integrated perimeter security system solution, one that couples access delay with detection and assessment. This novel perimeter solution was designed to be configurable for use at facilities ranging from high-security military sites to commercial power plants, to petro/chemical facilities of various kinds. A prototype section of the perimeter has been produced and installed at the Sandia Test and Evaluation Center in Albuquerque, NM. This prototype system integrated fiber optic break sensors, active infrared sensors, fence disturbance sensors, video motion detection, and ground sensors. This report documents the design, testing, and performance evaluation of the developed ReKon system. The ability of the system to properly detect pedestrian or vehicle attempts to bypass, breach, or otherwise defeat the system is characterized, as well as the Nuisance Alarm Rate.

Dabling, Jeffrey Glenn; Andersen, Jason Jann; McLaughlin, James O. [Stonewater Control Systems, Inc., Kannapolis, NC

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Fluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation DetectionFluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation Detection  

Researchers at ORNL invented a promising material for more efficient nanoscalescintillators, or radiation detectors. The new material, which can detect most kindsof radiation, consists of fluorescent nanoparticles embedded in a transparent matrix.The ...

425

Applied change of mean detection techniques for HVAC fault detection and diagnosis and power monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A signal processing technique, the detection of abrupt changes in a time-series signal, is implemented with two different applications related to energy use in buildings. The first application is a signal pre-processor for ...

Hill, Roger Owen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil & Natural Gas Technology Oil & Natural Gas Technology DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-06NT42960 Quarterly Progress Report Reporting Period: April-June 2007 Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Submitted by: Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August, 2007 Office of Fossil Energy Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Quarterly Progress Report Reporting Period: April-June 2007 Prepared by: George Hirasaki Rice University August 2007 CONTRACT NO. DE-FC26-06NT42960 Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; Fax: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu

427

Technique for ship/wake detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automated ship detection technique includes accessing data associated with an image of a portion of Earth. The data includes reflectance values. A first portion of pixels within the image are masked with a cloud and land mask based on spectral flatness of the reflectance values associated with the pixels. A given pixel selected from the first portion of pixels is unmasked when a threshold number of localized pixels surrounding the given pixel are not masked by the cloud and land mask. A spatial variability image is generated based on spatial derivatives of the reflectance values of the pixels which remain unmasked by the cloud and land mask. The spatial variability image is thresholded to identify one or more regions within the image as possible ship detection regions.

Roskovensky, John K. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Temperature detection in a gas turbine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A temperature detector includes a first metal and a second metal different from the first metal. The first metal includes a plurality of wires and the second metal includes a wire. The plurality of wires of the first metal are connected to the wire of the second metal in parallel junctions. Another temperature detector includes a plurality of resistance temperature detectors. The plurality of resistance temperature detectors are connected at a plurality of junctions. A method of detecting a temperature change of a component of a turbine includes providing a temperature detector include ing a first metal and a second metal different from the first metal connected to each other at a plurality of junctions in contact with the component; and detecting any voltage change at any junction.

Lacy, Benjamin; Kraemer, Gilbert; Stevenson, Christian

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

429

Car Detection in Low Resolution Aerial Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a system to detect passenger cars in aerial images wherecars appear as small objects. We pose this as a 3D object recognition problem to account for the variation in viewpoint and the shadow. We startedfrom psychological tests to find important features for human detection of cars. Based on these observations, we selected the boundary of the car body, the boundary of the front windshield, and the shadow as the features. Some of these features are affected by the intensity of the car and whether or not there is a shadow along it. This information is represented in the structure of the Bayesian network that we use to integrate all features. Experiments show very promising results even on some very challenging images. 1

Tao Zhao; Ram Nevatia

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Autonomous Rule Creation for Intrusion Detection  

SciTech Connect

Many computational intelligence techniques for anomaly based network intrusion detection can be found in literature. Translating a newly discovered intrusion recognition criteria into a distributable rule can be a human intensive effort. This paper explores a multi-modal genetic algorithm solution for autonomous rule creation. This algorithm focuses on the process of creating rules once an intrusion has been identified, rather than the evolution of rules to provide a solution for intrusion detection. The algorithm was demonstrated on anomalous ICMP network packets (input) and Snort rules (output of the algorithm). Output rules were sorted according to a fitness value and any duplicates were removed. The experimental results on ten test cases demonstrated a 100 percent rule alert rate. Out of 33,804 test packets 3 produced false positives. Each test case produced a minimum of three rule variations that could be used as candidates for a production system.

Todd Vollmer; Jim Alves-Foss; Milos Manic

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Flow cytometric detection method for DNA samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are two methods for rapid multiplex analysis to determine the presence and identity of target DNA sequences within a DNA sample. Both methods use reporting DNA sequences, e.g., modified conventional Taqman.RTM. probes, to combine multiplex PCR amplification with microsphere-based hybridization using flow cytometry means of detection. Real-time PCR detection can also be incorporated. The first method uses a cyanine dye, such as, Cy3.TM., as the reporter linked to the 5' end of a reporting DNA sequence. The second method positions a reporter dye, e.g., FAM.TM. on the 3' end of the reporting DNA sequence and a quencher dye, e.g., TAMRA.TM., on the 5' end.

Nasarabadi,Shanavaz (Livermore, CA); Langlois, Richard G. (Livermore, CA); Venkateswaran, Kodumudi S. (Round Rock, TX)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

432

Flow cytometric detection method for DNA samples  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are two methods for rapid multiplex analysis to determine the presence and identity of target DNA sequences within a DNA sample. Both methods use reporting DNA sequences, e.g., modified conventional Taqman.RTM. probes, to combine multiplex PCR amplification with microsphere-based hybridization using flow cytometry means of detection. Real-time PCR detection can also be incorporated. The first method uses a cyanine dye, such as, Cy3.TM., as the reporter linked to the 5' end of a reporting DNA sequence. The second method positions a reporter dye, e.g., FAM, on the 3' end of the reporting DNA sequence and a quencher dye, e.g., TAMRA, on the 5' end.

Nasarabadi, Shanavaz (Livermore, CA); Langlois, Richard G. (Livermore, CA); Venkateswaran, Kodumudi S. (Livermore, CA)

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Flow cytometric detection method for DNA samples  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are two methods for rapid multiplex analysis to determine the presence and identity of target DNA sequences within a DNA sample. Both methods use reporting DNA sequences, e.g., modified conventional Taqman.RTM. probes, to combine multiplex PCR amplification with microsphere-based hybridization using flow cytometry means of detection. Real-time PCR detection can also be incorporated. The first method uses a cyanine dye, such as, Cy3.TM., as the reporter linked to the 5' end of a reporting DNA sequence. The second method positions a reporter dye, e.g., FAM.TM. on the 3' end of the reporting DNA sequence and a quencher dye, e.g., TAMRA.TM., on the 5' end.

Nasarabadi,Shanavaz (Livermore, CA); Langlois, Richard G. (Livermore, CA); Venkateswaran, Kodumudi S. (Round Rock, TX)

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

434

Detecting Topological Phases in Cold Atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chern insulators are band insulators which exhibit a gap in the bulk and gapless excitations in the edge. Detection of Chern insulators is a serious challenge in cold atoms since the Hall transport measurements are technically unrealistic for neutral atoms. By establishing a natural correspondence between the time-reversal invariant topological insulator and quantum anomalous Hall system, we show for a class of Chern insulators that the topology can be determined by only measuring Bloch eigenstates at highly symmetric points of the Brillouin zone (BZ). Furthermore, we introduce two experimental schemes including the spin-resolved Bloch oscillation to carry out the measurement. These schemes are highly feasible under realistic experimental conditions. Our results may provide a powerful tool to detect topological phases in cold atoms.

Xiong-Jun Liu; K. T. Law; T. K. Ng; Patrick A. Lee

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

435

Detection of contraband using microwave radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and system for using microwave radiation to detect contraband hidden inside of a non-metallic container, such as a pneumatic vehicle tire. The method relies on the attenuation, retardation, time delay, or phase shift of microwave radiation as it passes through the container plus the contraband. The method is non-invasive, non-destructive, low power, and does not require physical contact with the container.

Toth, Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

SciTech Connect

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

437

Composite scintillators for detection of ionizing radiation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Applicant's present invention is a composite scintillator having enhanced transparency for detecting ionizing radiation comprising a material having optical transparency wherein said material comprises nano-sized objects having a size in at least one dimension that is less than the wavelength of light emitted by the composite scintillator wherein the composite scintillator is designed to have selected properties suitable for a particular application.

Dai, Sheng (Knoxville, TN); Stephan, Andrew Curtis (Knoxville, TN); Brown, Suree S. (Knoxville, TN); Wallace, Steven A. (Knoxville, TN); Rondinone, Adam J. (Knoxville, TN)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

438

Intrusion Detection System for Advanced Metering Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The deployment of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) technology significantly increases the attack surface that utilities have to protect. As a result, there is a critical need for efficient monitoring solutions to supplement protective measures and keep the infrastructure secure. This document investigates current industrial and academic efforts to address the challenge of detecting security events across the range of AMI networks and devices. The goal of this study is to help utilities and ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Explosive simulants for testing explosive detection systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Explosives simulants that include non-explosive components are disclosed that facilitate testing of equipment designed to remotely detect explosives. The simulants are non-explosive, non-hazardous materials that can be safely handled without any significant precautions. The simulants imitate real explosives in terms of mass density, effective atomic number, x-ray transmission properties, and physical form, including moldable plastics and emulsions/gels.

Kury, John W. (Danville, CA); Anderson, Brian L. (Lodi, CA)

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

440

Entanglement, detection, and geometry of nonclassical states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonclassical states that are characterized by their nonpositive quasiprobabilities in phase space are known to be the basis for various quantum effects. In this work, we investigate the interrelation between the nonclassicality and entanglement, and then characterize the nonclassicality that precisely corresponds to entanglement. The results naturally follow from two findings: one is the general structure among nonclassical, entangled, separable, and classical states over Hermitian operators, and the other a general scheme to detect nonclassical states.

Kim, Kisik [Department of Physics, Inha University, Incheon 402-751 (Korea, Republic of); School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jaewan; Bae, Joonwoo [School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Method for detection of extremely low concentration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultratrace detector system for hand-held gas chromatography having high sensitivity, for example, to emissions generated during production of weapons, biological compounds, drugs, etc. The detector system is insensitive to water, air, helium, argon, oxygen, and CO.sub.2. The detector system is basically composed of a hand-held capillary gas chromatography (GC), an insulated heated redox-chamber, a detection chamber, and a vapor trap. For example, the detector system may use gas phase redox reactions and spectral absorption of mercury vapor. The gas chromatograph initially separates compounds that percolate through a bed of heated mercuric oxide (HgO) in a silica--or other metal--aerogel material which acts as an insulator. Compounds easily oxidized by HgO liberate atomic mercury that subsequently pass through a detection chamber which includes a detector cell, such as quartz, that is illuminated with a 254 nm ultra-violet (UV) mercury discharge lamp which generates the exact mercury absorption bands that are used to detect the liberated mercury atoms. Atomic mercury strongly absorbs 254 nm energy is therefore a specific signal for reducing compounds eluting from the capillary GC, whereafter the atomic mercury is trapped for example, in a silicon-aerogel trap.

Andresen, Brian D. (Livermore, CA); Miller, Fred S. (Bethal Island, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Detection of radiocarbon in the cyclotrino  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A small low energy cyclotron (the cyclotrino''), which was proposed for direct detection of radiocarbon in 1980, has now detected radiocarbon at natural abundance. This device combines the suppression of background through the use of negative ions with the high intrinsic mass resolution of a cyclotron. A high current cesium sputter negative ion source generates a beam of carbon ions which is pre-separated with Wien filter and is transported to the cyclotron via a series of electrostatic lenses. Beam is injected radially into the cyclotron using electrostatic deflectors and an electrostatic mirror. Axial focusing is entirely electrostatic. A microchannel plate detector is used with a phase-gated output. Data is presented showing resolution of radiocarbon at natural abundance. In its present form the system is capable of improving the sensitivity of detecting {sup 14}C in some biomedical experiments by a factor of 10{sup 4}. Modifications are discussed which could bring about an additional factor of 100 in sensitivity, which is important for archaeological and geological applications. Possibilities for measurements of other isotopes are discussed. 16 refs., 7 figs.

Bertsche, K.J.; Karadi, C.A.; Muller, R.A.; Paulson, G.C.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Detection of chrysotile asbestos in workers urine  

SciTech Connect

Urinary asbestos concentrations were evaluated as an indicator of occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos via inhalation and ingestion. Detection of asbestos in the urine represents the first step in developing a biological indicator of exposure. Such an indicator could be used to supplement exposure data from workplace air sampling. A biological indicator would be particularly valuable in evaluating workers with intermittent airborne asbestos exposures and in determining if airborne exposure results in penetration of asbestos through the lung or gastro-intestinal tract. Transmission electron microscopy was selected as the most sensitive technique for identification of all sizes of asbestos fibers which might appear in the urine. The levels of chrysotile asbestos detected in the urine of five workers were significantly greater than the asbestos concentrations in matched field blanks. Also, the workers urinary asbestos levels were significantly greater than the concentrations found in the control group. Finally, the levels of chrysotile asbestos detected in the urine of two of six controls were significantly greater than those in matched field blanks. Although the project was not specifically designed to correlate urinary and airborne asbestos concentrations, preliminary data indicated that a correlation did not exist between these factors.

Finn, M.B.; Hallenbeck, W.H.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Minerals: Using Data Mining to Detect Router  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown that router misconfigurations are pervasive and have dramatic consequences for the operations of networks. Not only can misconfigurations compromise the security of a single network, they can even cause global disruptions in Internet connectivity. Several solutions have been proposed that can detect a number of problems in real configuration files. However, these solutions share a common limitation: they are rule-based. Rules are assumed to be known beforehand, and violations of these rules are deemed misconfigurations. As policies typically differ among networks, rule-based approaches are limited in the scope of mistakes they can detect. In this paper, we address the problem of router misconfigurations using data mining. We apply association rules mining to the configuration files of routers across an administrative domain to discover local, network-specific policies. Deviations from these local policies are potential misconfigurations. We have evaluated our scheme on configuration files from a large state-wide network provider, a large university campus and a high-performance research network, and found promising results. We discovered a number of errors that were confirmed and later corrected by the network engineers. These errors would have been difficult to detect with current rule-based approaches. 1

Franck Le; Sihyung Lee; Tina Wong; Hyong S. Kim; Darrell Newcomb; Franck Le; Sihyung Lee; Tina Wong; Hyong S. Kim; Darrell Newcomb

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Mobility detection using everyday GSM traces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognition of everyday physical activities is difficult due to the challenges of building informative, yet unobtrusive sensors. The most widely deployed and used mobile computing device today is the mobile phone, which presents an obvious candidate ...

Timothy Sohn; Alex Varshavsky; Anthony LaMarca; Mike Y. Chen; Tanzeem Choudhury; Ian Smith; Sunny Consolvo; Jeffrey Hightower; William G. Griswold; Eyal de Lara

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Articles » Articles » First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source First time nuclear material detection by one short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source The results obtained are the first experimental demonstration of active interrogation of nuclear material by a short pulse laser driven neutron source. April 3, 2013 TRIDENT pulse The results obtained are the first experimental demonstration of active interrogation of nuclear material by a short pulse laser driven neutron source. Contact James Rickman Communications Specialist (505) 665-9203 Email A single shot interrogation of the depleted uranium sample, showed a clear signal from the delayed neutrons in the detector with uranium, compared with the background, and with the typical time behavior of delayed

447

Determining plutonium mass in spent fuel using Cf-252 interrogation with prompt neutron detection  

SciTech Connect

{sup 252}Cf Interrogation with Prompt Neutron (CIPN) detection is proposed as one of 14 NDA techniques to determine Pu mass in spent fuel assemblies (FAs). CIPN is a low-cost and portable instrument, and it looks like a modified fork detector combined with an active interrogation source. Fission chamber (FC) is chosen as neutron detector because of its insensitivity to {gamma} radiation. The CIPN assay is comprised of two measurements, a background count and an active count, without and with the {sup 252}Cf source next to the fuel respectively. The net signal above background is primarily due to the multiplication of Cf source neutrons caused by the fissile content. The capability of CIPN to detect diversion and to determine fissile content was quantified using MCNPX simulations. New schemes were proposed (such as burnup and cooling time correction, etc.) and the results show that the fissile content of a target spent fuel assembly can be determined using CIPN signal.

Hu, Jianwei [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

An Active-Set Quadratic Programming Method Based On Sequential ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 7, 2013 ... of a branch-and-bound search for a Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Program (MINLP). .... After eliminating pi and rearranging terms, ..... Algorithm 2 will still detect when the active set remains unchanged and enter the inner loop in.

449

activity | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

activity activity Dataset Summary Description The Weekly Financial and Activity report section includes the Department of Energy's weekly report on spending and major actions related to the Recovery Act. The "Weekly Update" tab includes listing of total appropriations, total obligations, and total disbursements for each Treasury Account. The "Major Activities" tab lists of the major actions taken to date and major planned actions of likely interest to senior government officials, Congress, and the public. File is in .xls format. Source DOE Date Released November 19th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords activity DOE financial Recovery Act report Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon DOE_Weekly_Financial_and_Activity_Report_20101119.xls (xls, 1.8 MiB)

450

Using Acoustic Emission Principles for Leak Detection on Buried Pipe with Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. nuclear power industry is actively managing the threat of corrosion on buried and underground piping and tanks in response to industry initiative NEI 09-14, Guideline for the Management of Underground Piping and Tank Integrity. A key element of these programs is the inspection of pipe to detect degradation.The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has been evaluating and reporting on inspection technologies that may have viability for nuclear buried pipe inspection ...

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

451

TRC Bibliographies: Family Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

science with your children. Doing science activities together develops both parenting skills and the child's learning, problem solving and scientific skills. Participating in...

452

Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Metamaterial structures are taught which provide for the modulation of terahertz frequency signals. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices Metamaterial structures are taught which provide for the modulation of terahertz frequency signals. Each element within an array of metamaterial (MM) elements comprises multiple loops and at least one gap. The MM elements may comprise resonators with conductive loops and insulated gaps, or the inverse in which insulated loops are present with conductive gaps; each providing useful transmissive control properties. The metamaterial elements are fabricated on a semiconducting substrate configured with a

453

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

d022412A. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 18 Macroeconomic Activity Module To reflect uncertainty in the projection of...

454

NSLS Activity Report 1996  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submission System PDF Publishing: P. Sutherland (BNL Information Services Division) NSLS Home Page...BNL Home Page...Return to Activity Reports Page...

455

NETL: NATCARB - Current Activities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL, West Virginia University (WVU), the University of Kansas, and the Kansas Geologic Survey (KGS) to incorporate geologic site data from a number of activities occurring under...

456

Review of Existing Technology for Detection of Graphitization Damage in Carbon and Carbon-Molybhenum Steel Piping and Tubing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unanticipated, and often catastrophic, damage continues to be observed in high-energy piping components of fossil-fuel-fired boilers. This damage is a significant source of concern for owner/operators. Specifically, the concerns for continued operation of potentially degraded components arise from the uncertainties associated with the identification of all anticipated active damage mechanisms, the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods and procedures used to detect and quantify all possible active ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

Optimal detection of losses by thermal probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the discrimination of lossy bosonic channels and focus to the case when one of the values for the loss parameter is zero, i.e., we address the detection of a possible loss against the alternative hypothesis of an ideal lossless channel. This discrimination is performed by inputting one-mode or two-mode squeezed thermal states with fixed total energy. By optimizing over this class of states, we find that the optimal inputs are pure, thus corresponding to single- and two-mode squeezed vacuum states. In particular, we show that for any value of the damping rate smaller than a critical value there is a threshold on the energy that makes the two-mode squeezed vacuum state more convenient than the corresponding single-mode state, whereas for damping larger than this critical value two-mode squeezed vacua are always better. We then consider the discrimination in realistic conditions, where it is unlikely to have pure squeezing. Thus by fixing both input energy and squeezing, we show that two-mode squeezed thermal states are always better than their single- mode counterpart when all the thermal photons are directed into the dissipative channel. Besides, this result also holds approximately for unbalanced distribution of the thermal photons. Finally, we also investigate the role of correlations in the improvement of detection. For fixed input squeezing (single-mode or two-mode), we find that the reduction of the quantum Chernoff bound is a monotone function of the two-mode entanglement as well as the quantum mutual information and the quantum discord. We thus verify that employing squeezing in the form of correlations (quantum or classical) is always a resource for loss detection whenever squeezed thermal states are taken as input.

Carmen Invernizzi; Matteo G. A. Paris; Stefano Pirandola

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

458

Gravitational-Wave Detection using Multivariate Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searches for gravitational-wave bursts (transient signals, typically of unknown waveform) require identification of weak signals in background detector noise. The sensitivity of such searches is often critically limited by non-Gaussian noise fluctuations which are difficult to distinguish from real signals, posing a key problem for transient gravitational-wave astronomy. Current noise rejection tests are based on the analysis of a relatively small number of measured properties of the candidate signal, typically correlations between detectors. Multivariate analysis (MVA) techniques probe the full space of measured properties of events in an attempt to maximise the power to accurately classify events as signal or background. This is done by taking samples of known background events and (simulated) signal events to train the MVA classifier, which can then be applied to classify events of unknown type. We apply the boosted decision tree (BDT) MVA technique to the problem of detecting gravitational-wave bursts associated with gamma-ray bursts. We find that BDTs are able to increase the sensitive distance reach of the search by as much as 50%, corresponding to a factor of ~3 increase in sensitive volume. This improvement is robust against trigger sky position, large sky localisation error, poor data quality, and the simulated signal waveforms that are used. Critically, we find that the BDT analysis is able to detect signals that have different morphologies to those used in the classifier training and that this improvement extends to false alarm probabilities beyond the 3{\\sigma} significance level. These findings indicate that MVA techniques may be used for the robust detection of gravitational-wave bursts with a priori unknown waveform.

Thomas S. Adams; Duncan Meacher; James Clark; Patrick J. Sutton; Gareth Jones; Ariana Minot

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

459

Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July-September 2007 July-September 2007 Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate Submitted by: Rice University University of Houston George J. Hirasaki Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Rice University - MS 362 6100 Main St. Houston, TX 77251-1892 Phone: 713-348-5416; FAX: 713-348-5478; Email: gjh@rice.edu Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory December, 2007 Office of Fossil Energy Table of Contents DOE Methane Hydrate Program Peer Review.................................................. 3 Task 5: Carbon Inputs and Outputs to Gas Hydrate Systems ........................... 3 Task 6: Numerical Models for Quantification of Hydrate and Free Gas Accumulations....................................................................................................

460

Method for early detection of infectious mononucleosis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Early detection of infectious mononucleosis is carried out using a sample of human blood by isolating and identifying the presence of Inmono proteins in the sample from a two-dimensional protein map with the proteins being characterized by having isoelectric banding as measured in urea of about -16 to -17 with respect to certain isoelectric point standards and molecular mass of about 70 to 75 K daltons as measured in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate containing polyacrylamide gels, the presence of the Inmono proteins being correlated with the existence of infectious mononucleosis.

Willard, K.E.

1982-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Phenological Event Detection from Multitemporal Image Data  

SciTech Connect

Monitoring biomass over large geographic regions for seasonal changes in vegetation and crop phenology is important for many applications. In this paper we a present a novel clustering based change detection method using MODIS NDVI time series data. We used well known EM technique to find GMM parameters and Bayesian Information Criteria (BIC) for determining the number of clusters. KL Divergence measure is then used to establish the cluster correspondence across two years (2001 and 2006) to determine changes between these two years. The changes identied were further analyzed for understanding phenological events. This preliminary study shows interesting relationships between key phenological events such as onset, length, end of growing seasons.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Automatic Detection of Omissions in Translations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADOMIT is an algorithm for Automatic Detection of OMissions in Translations. The algorithm relies solely on geometric analysis of bitext maps and uses no linguistic informatlon. This property allows it to deal equally well with omissions that do not correspond to linguistic units, such as might resuit fi'om word-processing mishaps. ADOMIT has proven itself by discovering many errors in a handconstructed gold standard for evaluating bitext mapping algorithms. Quantitative evaluation on simulated omissions showed that, even with today's poor bitext mapping technology, ADOMIT is a valuable quality control tool for translators and translation bureaus.

I. Dan Melamed

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Waveshifters and Scintillators for Ionizing Radiation Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scintillation and waveshifter materials have been developed for the detection of ionizing radiation in an STTR program between Ludlum Measurements, Inc. and the University of Notre Dame. Several new waveshifter materials have been developed which are comparable in efficiency and faster in fluorescence decay than the standard material Y11 (K27) used in particle physics for several decades. Additionally, new scintillation materials useful for fiber tracking have been developed which have been compared to 3HF. Lastly, work was done on developing liquid scintillators and paint-on scintillators and waveshifters for high radiation environments.

B.Baumgaugh; J.Bishop; D.Karmgard; J.Marchant; M.McKenna; R.Ruchti; M.Vigneault; L.Hernandez; C.Hurlbut

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

464

System and method for detecting gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system to detect a presence of a specific gas in a mixture of gaseous byproducts comprising moisture vapor is disclosed. The system includes an electrochemical cell, a transport to deliver the mixture of gaseous byproducts from the electrochemical cell, a gas sensor in fluid communication with the transport, the sensor responsive to a presence of the specific gas to generate a signal corresponding to a concentration of the specific gas, and a membrane to prevent transmission of liquid moisture, the membrane disposed between the transport and the gas sensor.

Chow, Oscar Ken (Simsbury, CT); Moulthrop, Lawrence Clinton (Windsor, CT); Dreier, Ken Wayne (Madison, CT); Miller, Jacob Andrew (Dexter, MI)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

465

Pocket Milling with Tool Engagement Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an algorithm for generating a tool path for cutting a pocket with islands, which includes detecting when the tool is certain to be making a minimal engagement cut. Minimal engagement is defined as the amount of engagement present in peripheral milling of a flat side face of a workpiece in a straight line with constant stepover. Feed rates and spindle speeds are reset by the algorithm when machining conditions change from a minimal engagement cut to any other type of cut or vice versa.

Thomas Kramer April; Thomas R. Kramer

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Systems and methods for detecting and processing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments of the present invention provides systems and method for detecting. Sensing modules are provided in communication with one or more detectors. In some embodiments, detectors are provided that are sensitive to chemical, biological, or radiological agents. Embodiments of sensing modules include processing capabilities to analyze, perform computations on, and/or run models to predict or interpret data received from one or more detectors. Embodiments of sensing modules form various network configurations with one another and/or with one or more data aggregation devices. Some embodiments of sensing modules include power management functionalities.

Johnson, Michael M. (Livermore, CA); Yoshimura, Ann S. (Tracy, CA)

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

467

Method and apparatus for detecting explosives  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus is provided for detecting explosives by thermal imaging. The explosive material is subjected to a high energy wave which can be either a sound wave or an electromagnetic wave which will initiate a chemical reaction in the explosive material which chemical reaction will produce heat. The heat is then sensed by a thermal imaging device which will provide a signal to a computing device which will alert a user of the apparatus to the possibility of an explosive device being present.

Moore, David Steven (Santa Fe, NM)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

Activation of fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fly ash is activated by heating a screened magnetic fraction of the ash in a steam atmosphere and then reducing, oxidizing and again reducing the hydrothermally treated fraction. The activated fly ash can be used as a carbon monoxide disproportionating catalyst useful in the production of hydrogen and methane.

Corbin, D.R.; Velenyi, L.J.; Pepera, M.A.; Dolhyj, S.R.

1986-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

469

Activation of fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Fly ash is activated by heating a screened magnetic fraction of the ash in a steam atmosphere and then reducing, oxidizing and again reducing the hydrothermally treated fraction. The activated fly ash can be used as a carbon monoxide disproportionating catalyst useful in the production of hydrogen and methane.

Corbin, David R. (New Castle, DE); Velenyi, Louis J. (Lyndhurst, OH); Pepera, Marc A. (Northfield, OH); Dolhyj, Serge R. (Parma, OH)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Modelling geomagnetic activity data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strong geomagnetic activity is a hazard to electronics and electric power facilities. Assessment of the actual geomagnetic activity level from local magnetometer monitoring therefore is of importance for risk assessment but also in earth sciences and ... Keywords: geomagnetism, neuro fuzzy modelling, self organizing map, signal processing, wavelets

Ernst D. Schmitter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Forecast of auroral activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique is developed to predict auroral activity based on a sample of over 9000 auroral sites identified in global auroral images obtained by an ultraviolet imager on the NASA Polar satellite during a 6-month period. Four attributes of auroral activity sites are utilized in forecasting

A. T. Y. Lui

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Distribution System Audits, Leak Detection, and Repair: Kirtland Air Force Base Leak Detection and Repair Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Best Management Practice Best Management Practice Case Study #3 Distribution System Audits, Leak Detection, and Repair Kirtland Air Force Base - Leak Detection and Repair Program Overview Kirtland Air Force Base (AFB) performed an award winning leak detection and repair program in 2006. The results of the project are saving Kirtland AFB 179 million gallons each year, which is over 16% of the total water use at the base. Kirtland AFB is located on 52,000 acres, southeast and adjacent to Albuquerque, New Mexico. The area is a high altitude desert, only receiving about 8 inches of rain each year. Kirtland AFB draws water from an under- ground aquifer via seven production wells through- out the base. The base also has access to water from the City of Albuquerque. The underground water

473

Distribution System Audits, Leak Detection, and Repair: Kirtland Air Force Base Leak Detection and Repair Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Management Practice Best Management Practice Case Study #3 Distribution System Audits, Leak Detection, and Repair Kirtland Air Force Base - Leak Detection and Repair Program Overview Kirtland Air Force Base (AFB) performed an award winning leak detection and repair program in 2006. The results of the project are saving Kirtland AFB 179 million gallons each year, which is over 16% of the total water use at the base. Kirtland AFB is located on 52,000 acres, southeast and adjacent to Albuquerque, New Mexico. The area is a high altitude desert, only receiving about 8 inches of rain each year. Kirtland AFB draws water from an under- ground aquifer via seven production wells through- out the base. The base also has access to water from the City of Albuquerque. The underground water

474

Handling Class Overlap and Imbalance to Detect Prompt Situations in Smart Homes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as cancerous cell identification [1], oil- spill detection [2], fraud detection [3], keyword extraction [4

Cook, Diane J.

475

Climate Change Detection and Attribution: Beyond Mean Temperature Signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant influence of anthropogenic forcing has been detected in global- and continental-scale surface temperature, temperature of the free atmosphere, and global ocean heat uptake. This paper reviews outstanding issues in the detection of ...

Gabriele C. Hegerl; Thomas R. Karl; Myles Allen; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Nathan Gillett; David Karoly; Xuebin Zhang; Francis Zwiers

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

An environmental change detection and analysis tool using terrestrial video  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a prototype system to detect and flag changes between pairs of geo-tagged videos of the same scene with similar camera trajectories. The purpose of the system is to help human video analysts detect threats ...

Velez, Javier, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Online Burst Detection Over High Speed Short Text Streams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burst detection is an inherent problem for data streams and it has attracted extensive attention in research community due to its broad applications. In this paper, an integrated approach is introduced to solve burst events detection problem over high ...

Zhijian Yuan; Yan Jia; Shuqiang Yang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Machine Learning for Host-based Anomaly Detection by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomaly detection techniques complement signature based methods for intrusion detection. Machine learning approaches are applied to anomaly detection for automated learning and detection. Traditional host-based anomaly detectors model system call sequences to detect novel attacks. This dissertation makes four key contributions to detect host anomalies. First, we present an unsupervised approach to clean training data using novel representations for system call sequences. Second, supervised learning with system call arguments and other attributes is proposed for enriched modeling. Third, techniques to increase model coverage for improved accuracy are presented. Fourth, we propose spatio-temporal modeling to detect suspicious behavior for mobile hosts. Experimental results on various data sets indicate that our techniques are more effective than traditional methods in capturing attack-based host anomalies. Additionally, our supervised methods create succint models and the computational overhead incurred is reasonable for an online anomaly detection system. iii Acknowledgements An ancient saying in Sanskrit: Matri devo bhava (revere your mother), pitri devo

Gaurav Tandon; Gaurav Tandon; Philip K. Chan, Ph.D.; Marius C. Silaghi, Ph.D.; Georgios C. Anagnostopoulos, Ph.D.; Gaurav Tandon; Dissertation Advisor; Philip K. Chan, Ph.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Optical techniques for detecting and identifying biological-warfare agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid and accurate detection and identification of biological agents is an objective of various national security programs. Detection in general is difficult owing to natural clutter and anticipated low concentrations of ...

Greenwood, Darryl P.

480

Automatic Document Orientation Detection and Categorization through Document Vectorization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic Document Orientation Detection and Categorization through Document Vectorization Shijian, Kent Ridge, 117543 {lusj, tancl@comp.nus.edu.sg} ABSTRACT This paper presents an automatic orientation carry out orientation detection and cate- gorization through document vectorization, which encodes

Tan, Chew Lim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detectable activity mda" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An unsupervised, online learning framework for moving object detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Object detection with a learned classifier has been applied successfully to difficult tasks such as detecting faces and pedestrians. Systems using this approach usually learn the classifier offline with manually labeled training data. We present a framework ...

Vinod Nair; James J. Clark

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Automatic Tornado Prediction with an Improved Mesocyclone-Detection Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new and improved algorithm for automatic mesocyclone detection is presented and tested on 23 mesocyclonic storms. A small false-alarm rate (4%) and high probability of detection (83%) are achieved for mesocyclone classification. A unique ...

Paul R. Desrochers; Ralph J. Donaldson Jr.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Multiple clues for license plate detection and recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses a license plate detection and recognition (LPR) task on still images of trucks. The main contribution of our LPR system is the fusion of different segmentation algorithms used to improve the license plate detection. We also compare ...

Pablo Negri; Mariano Tepper; Daniel Acevedo; Julio Jacobo; Marta Mejail

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Computer system performance problem detection using time series models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer systems require monitoring to detect performance anomalies such as runaway processes, but problem detection and diagnosis is a complex task requiring skilled attention. Although human attention was never ideal for this task, as networks of computers ...

Peter Hoogenboom; Jay Lepreau

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

APPLICATIONS Millimeter-Wave Radar Detection of Chemicals,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standoff/remote detection Mobile detection of chemical or nuclear proliferation for treaty verification managed by The University of Chicago For non-DHS inquiries, contact: Paul Raptis Argonne National

Kemner, Ken

486

Operational Application of Sferics Detection Equipment at NWSFO, Minneapolis, Minn.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sferics detection equipment has been in operational use at the National Weather Service Forecast Office (NWSFO) in Minneapolls, Minn., since 1969. It has proven to be a valuable addition in the detection, analysis, and tracking of thunderstorms ...

Duane C. O'Malley

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Fission Detection Using the Associated Particle Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A beam of tagged 14 MeV neutrons from the deuterium-tritium (DT) reaction is used to induce fission in a target composed of depleted uranium. The generator yield is 107 neutrons/second radiated into a 4? solid angle. Two 4 in.×4 in. NaI detectors are used for gamma-ray detection. The fission process is known to produce multiple gamma-rays and neutrons. Triple coincidences (?-?-?) are measured as a function of neutron flight time up to 90 ns after fission, where the ?-particle arises from the DT reaction. A sudden increase in the triple coincidence rate at the location of the material is used to localize and detect fission in the interrogated target. Comparisons are made with experiment runs where lead, tungsten, and iron were used as target materials. The triple coincidence response profile from depleted uranium is noted to be different to those observed from the other target materials. The response from interrogation targets composed of fissile material is anticipated to be even more unique than that observed from depleted uranium.

R.P. Keegan, J.P. Hurley, J.R. Tinsley, R. Trainham, S.C. Wilde

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

488

Towards Scalable Optimal Sequence Homology Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract—The field of bioinformatics and computational biol- ogy is experiencing a data revolution — experimental techniques to procure data have increased in throughput, improved in accuracy and reduced in costs. This has spurred an array of high profile sequencing and data generation projects. While the data repositories represent untapped reservoirs of rich information critical for scientific breakthroughs, the analytical software tools that are needed to analyze large volumes of such sequence data have significantly lagged behind in their capacity to scale. In this paper, we address homology detection, which is a funda- mental problem in large-scale sequence analysis with numerous applications. We present a scalable framework to conduct large- scale optimal homology detection on massively parallel super- computing platforms. Our approach employs distributed memory work stealing to effectively parallelize optimal pairwise alignment computation tasks. Results on 120,000 cores of the Hopper Cray XE6 supercomputer demonstrate strong scaling and up to 2.42 × 107 optimal pairwise sequence alignments computed per second (PSAPS), the highest reported in the literature.

Daily, Jeffrey A.; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Kalyanaraman, Anantharaman

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

489

Sensor fault detection using the Mahalanobis distance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described by which a localized sensor abnormality can be detected using the Mahalanobis distance. The Mahalanobis distance is approximately the weighted distance from the hyperplane formed by the principal components to the particular observation. Qualitatively, the principal components correspond to the physical laws that govern the behavior of the systems and constraints placed on the system. If there are more sensors than principal components, there are redundant measurements. This redundancy can be used to detect abnormalities that are due either to sensor failure or a localized change in the system being measured. The method compares the distribution of the Mahalanobis distance during normal operation with the distribution during the current operation. A likelihood ratio test is then used to determine if a sensor has gone bad or if operations in the reactor are different from normal. The sensor whose value is not normal is identified by comparing Mahalanobis distances computed with one sensor masked. When the abnormal sensor is masked, the Mahalanobis distance for this subset of sensors will be within prespecified bounds. The method is demonstrated on 20 subassembly output thermocouples in the core of Experimental Breeder Reactor II.

White, A.M.; Gross, K.C. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Kubic, W.L (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Physical approaches to DNA sequencing and detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the continued improvement of sequencing technologies, the prospect of genome-based medicine is now at the forefront of scientific research. To realize this potential, however, we need a revolutionary sequencing method for the cost-effective and rapid interrogation of individual genomes. This capability is likely to be provided by a physical approach to probing DNA at the single nucleotide level. This is in sharp contrast to current techniques and instruments which probe, through chemical elongation, electrophoresis, and optical detection, length differences and terminating bases of strands of DNA. In this Colloquium we review several physical approaches to DNA detection that have the potential to deliver fast and low-cost sequencing. Center-fold to these approaches is the concept of nanochannels or nanopores which allow for the spatial confinement of DNA molecules. In addition to their possible impact in medicine and biology, the methods offer ideal test beds to study open scientific issues and challenges in the relatively unexplored area at the interface between solids, liquids, and biomolecules at the nanometer length scale. We emphasize the physics behind these methods and ideas, critically describe their advantages and drawbacks, and discuss future research opportunities in this field.

Michael Zwolak; Massimiliano Di Ventra

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

491

UHF Radar Detection and Numerical Simulation of an Episode of Foehn and Lee Waves over the Northern Coast of Iberia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work shows an episode of foehn- and lee-wave activity over the sea-facing slopes of the Cantabrian Mountain Range, on the northern coast of Iberia, as detected by a wind profiler radar (WPR—LAP 3000 at 1290 MHz) at Punta Galea-Bilbao. ...

Gotzon Gangoiti; Lucio Alonso; Mercedes Maruri; Marino Navazo; Gorka Pérez-Landa

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

NIST Official Testifies on Threat Detection Science for National ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Official Testifies on Threat Detection Science for National Security. From NIST Tech Beat: July 25, 2012. ...

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

493

Detecting Temporal Precursor Words and Phrases Using a ...  

RMost research on mammography focuses on image data, not textual reports. ... ••Early detection of breast cancer and other breast abnormalities

494

The Office of Proliferation Detection (PD) | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Proliferation Detection (PD) | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

495

The Office of Nuclear Detonation Detection (NDD) | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Detonation Detection (NDD) | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

496

Body of Evidence: New Fast, Reliable Method to Detect ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... decomposing cadaver. Typically, cadaver-sniffing dogs or ground penetrating radar are used to detect clandestine gravesites. But ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

497

Method for detection of antibodies for metallic elements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for detecting antibodies specific to non-protein antigens. The apparatus is an immunological plate containing a plurality of plastic projections coated with a non-protein material. Assays utilizing the plate are capable of stabilizing the non-protein antigens with detection levels for antibodies specific to the antigens on a nanogram level. A screening assay with the apparatus allows for early detection of exposure to non-protein materials. Specifically metallic elements are detected. 10 figures.

Barrick, C.W.; Clarke, S.M.; Nordin, C.W.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

498

A novel tactile sensor for detecting lumps in breast tissue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a compact tactile sensor in order to guide the clinician or the self-user for non-invasive detection of lumps. The new design has an advantage over the existing discrete tactile sensors and detection methods by efficiently sensing force ... Keywords: artificial palpation, breast cancer, haptics, lump detection, optical array sensor, tactile mapping

Mehmet Ayyildiz; Burak Guclu; Mustafa Z. Yildiz; Cagatay Basdogan

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Experiments with computer vision methods for fall detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of a fall detection system is to automatically detect cases where a human falls and may have been injured. A natural application of such a system is in home monitoring of patients and elderly persons, so as to automatically alert relatives and/or ... Keywords: Gaussian model, fall detection, non-parametric model

Zhong Zhang; Eric Becker; Roman Arora; Vassilis Athitsos

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Experiments on automatic seam detection for a MIG welding robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To make robotic welding more flexible, vision systems are used to detect the weld seam and plan a path for the robot to follow. In this paper an image processing technique is introduced that can automatically detect the weld seam in a "butt-weld" configuration. ... Keywords: arc welding robot, stereo vision, weld seam detection

Mitchell Dinham; Gu Fang; Jia Ju Zou

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z