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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Results of Detailed Hydrologic Characterization Tests - Fiscal Year 2003  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results obtained from detailed hydrologic characterization of the unconfined aquifer system conducted at the Hanford Site.

Spane, Frank A.; Newcomer, Darrell R.

2004-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

2

Save Energy Now Assessments Results 2008 Detailed Report  

SciTech Connect

In October 2005, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Bodman launched his Easy Ways to Save Energy campaign with a promise to provide energy assessments to 200 of the largest U.S. manufacturing plants. DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) responded to the Secretary's campaign with its Save Energy Now initiative, featuring a new and highly cost-effective form of energy savings assessment. The approach for these assessments drew heavily on the existing resources of ITP's technology delivery component. Over the years, ITP Technology Delivery has worked with industry partners to assemble a suite of respected software tools, proven assessment protocols, training curricula, certified energy experts, and strong partnerships for deployment. The Save Energy Now assessments conducted in calendar year 2006 focused on natural gas savings and targeted many of the nation's largest manufacturing plants - those that consume at least 1 TBtu of energy annually. The 2006 Save Energy Now assessments focused primarily on assessments of steam and process heating systems, which account for an estimated 74% of all natural gas use by U.S. manufacturing plants. Because of the success of the Save Energy Now assessments conducted in 2006 and 2007, the program was expanded and enhanced in two major ways in 2008: (1) a new goal was set to perform at least 260 assessments; and (2) the assessment focus was expanded to include pumping, compressed air, and fan systems in addition to steam and process heating. DOE ITP also has developed software tools to assess energy efficiency improvement opportunities in pumping, compressed air, and fan systems. The Save Energy Now assessments integrate a strong training component designed to teach industrial plant personnel how to use DOE's opportunity assessment software tools. This approach has the advantages of promoting strong buy-in of plant personnel for the assessment and its outcomes and preparing them better to independently replicate the assessment process at the company's other facilities. Another important element of the Save Energy Now assessment process is the follow-up process used to identify how many of the recommended savings opportunities from individual assessments have been implemented in the industrial plants. Plant personnel involved with the Save Energy Now assessments are contacted 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months after individual assessments are completed to determine implementation results. A total of 260 Save Energy Now assessments were successfully completed in calendar year 2008. This means that a total of 718 assessments were completed in 2006, 2007, and 2008. As of July 2009, we have received a total of 239 summary reports from the ESAs that were conducted in year 2008. Hence, at the time that this report was prepared, 680 final assessment reports were completed (200 from year 2006, 241 from year 2007, and 239 from year 2008). The total identified potential cost savings from these 680 assessments is $1.1 billion per year, including natural gas savings of about 98 TBtu per year. These results, if fully implemented, could reduce CO{sub 2} emissions by about 8.9 million metric tons annually. When this report was prepared, data on implementation of recommended energy and cost savings measures from 488 Save Energy Now assessments were available. For these 488 plants, measures saving a total of $147 million per year have been implemented, measures that will save $169 million per year are in the process of being implemented, and plants are planning implementation of measures that will save another $239 million per year. The implemented recommendations are already achieving total CO{sub 2} reductions of about 1.8 million metric tons per year. This report provides a summary of the key results for the Save Energy Now assessments completed in 2008; details of the 6-month, 12-month, and 24-month implementation results obtained to date; and an evaluation of these implementation results. This report also summarizes key accomplishments, findings, and lessons learned from all the Save Energy No

Wright, Anthony L [ORNL; Martin, Michaela A [ORNL; Nimbalkar, Sachin U [ORNL; Quinn, James [U.S. Department of Energy; Glatt, Ms. Sandy [DOE Industrial Technologies Program; Orthwein, Mr. Bill [U.S. Department of Energy

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Comparison between conventional and digital nuclear power plant main control rooms: A task complexity perspective, Part II: Detailed results and analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Part II of this study aims to provide detailed, diagnostic information about the complexity difference between conventional and digital main control rooms (MCRs) in nuclear power plants. Complexity factors were classified according to task components and complexity dimensions. The effects of operator experience and plant type on complexity factors were statistically analyzed from three levels, i.e., task components, complexity dimensions, and individual factors. Interface management complexity factors were compared with other factors in digital MCRs. The results suggest that generally operator experience had effects on several task components and complexity dimensions only in abnormal/emergency situations. Plant type affected several task component and complexity dimensions in both abnormal/emergency and normal situations. Complexity factors in the affected task components and complexity dimensions had higher frequency, complexity, or impact in digital \\{MCRs\\} than those in conventional MCRs. Factors related to crew activity and the dimensions of overabundance, temporal demand, and variability had relatively high frequency, complexity, or impact. Compared with other factors, interface management complexity factors had marginally higher frequency, but significantly lower complexity and impact. Relevance to industry This study quantitatively addresses the complexity difference between conventional and digital \\{MCRs\\} in detail. It may provide rich information for how to improve operator working environments in NPPs. It may also contribute to other applied domains, such as human reliability analysis and interface design.

Peng Liu; Zhizhong Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Analysis of 129I in Groundwater Samples: Direct and Quantitative Results below the Drinking Water Standard  

SciTech Connect

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years) and relatively unencumbered migration in subsurface environments, 129I has been recognized as a contaminant of concern at numerous federal, private, and international facilities. In order to understand the long-term risk associated with 129I at these locations, quantitative analysis of groundwater samples must be performed. However, the ability to quantitatively assess the 129I content in groundwater samples requires specialized extraction and sophisticated analytical techniques, which are complicated and not always available to the general scientific community. This paper highlights an analytical method capable of directly quantifying 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the MCL without the need for sample pre-concentration. Samples were analyzed on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after minimal dilution using O2 as the reaction gas. Analysis of continuing calibration verification standards indicated that the DRC mode could be used for quantitative analysis of 129I in samples below the drinking water standard (0.0057 ng/ml or 1 pCi/L). The low analytical detection limit of 129I analysis in the DRC mode coupled with minimal sample dilution (1.02x) resulted in a final sample limit of quantification of 0.0051 ng/ml. Subsequent analysis of three groundwater samples containing 129I resulted in fully quantitative results in the DRC mode, and spike recovery analyses performed on all three samples confirmed that the groundwater matrix did not adversely impact the analysis of 129I in the DRC mode. This analytical approach has been proven to be a cost-effective, high-throughput technique for the direct, quantitative analysis of 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the current MCL.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Lindberg, Michael J.

2007-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

5

Identification of Potential Efficiency Opportunities in Internal Combustion Engines Using a Detailed Thermodynamic Analysis of Engine Simulation Results  

SciTech Connect

Current political and environmental concerns are driving renewed efforts to develop techniques for improving the efficiency of internal combustion engines. A detailed thermodynamic analysis of an engine and its components from a 1st and 2nd law perspective is necessary to characterize system losses and to identify efficiency opportunities. We have developed a method for performing this analysis using engine-simulation results obtained from WAVE , a commercial engine-modeling software package available from Ricardo, Inc. Results from the engine simulation are post-processed to compute thermodynamic properties such as internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, and availability (or exergy), which are required to perform energy and availability balances of the system. This analysis is performed for all major components (turbocharger, intercooler, EGR cooler, etc.) of the engine as a function of crank angle degree for the entire engine cycle. With this information, we are able to identify potential efficiency opportunities as well as guide engine experiments for exploring new technologies for recovering system losses.

Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

QUANTITATIVE HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT RESULTING FROM GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION OF AN ABANDONED OPEN FIELD CHEMICAL WASTE BURNING SITE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative human health risk assessment was performed for the evaluation of health threat resulting from the chemical contamination of the soil and groundwater in the area of the former open field pharmaceutica...

GYULA DURA; SANDOR SZOBOSZLAI; BALAZS KRISZT…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Going Beyond a RESNET Certification for Code-Compliant Simulations: A Comparison of Detailed Results of Three RESNET-Certified, Code-Compliant Residential Simulation Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the cooling and heating energy use from this adjustment was not resolved. Therefore, a more detailed understanding of the Software-2 simulation programs is needed to accomplish the comparison with IC3 or Software-1 on the standard reference house. ESL... compared to IC3 and Software-2. Standard Reference House in Houston: Large differences were found in the standard reference house simulation results from the three performance calculators. The IC3 calculated total annual energy use was 77.7 MMBtu...

Liu, Z.; Kim, H.; Malhotra, M.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

8

Report on Solar Pool Heating Quantitative Survey  

SciTech Connect

This report details the results of a quantitative research study undertaken to better understand the marketplace for solar pool-heating systems from the perspective of residential pool owners.

Synapse Infusion Group, Inc. (Westlake Village, California)

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

Report on Solar Water Heating Quantitative Survey  

SciTech Connect

This report details the results of a quantitative research study undertaken to better understand the marketplace for solar water-heating systems from the perspective of home builders, architects, and home buyers.

Focus Marketing Services

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

Development of a Toolkit for Calculating Linear, Change–Point Linear and Multiple–Linear Inverse Building Energy Analysis Models, ASHRAE Research Project 1050-RP, Detailed Test Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data file (.DAT). Each SAS run contains a procedure file (.SAS) and an output file (.LST) and also shares the same data file as IMT. For each PRISM run, there are three files included: a weather file (.TPS), a data file or meter file (.MTR..., there are three files included: a weather file (.TPS), a data file or meter file (.MTR), and an output file (.DOC). The ?Status? column summarized the results of IMT as compared to other programs used. In Table 1.2, the detailed results from the IMT bounds...

Sreshthaputra, A.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Prognostic Importance of Gleason 7 Disease Among Patients Treated With External Beam Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer: Results of a Detailed Biopsy Core Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the effect of primary Gleason (pG) grade among a large cohort of Gleason 7 prostate cancer patients treated with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Methods and Materials: From May 1989 to January 2011, 1190 Gleason 7 patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with EBRT at a single institution. Of these patients, 613 had a Gleason 7 with a minimum of a sextant biopsy with nonfragmented cores and full biopsy core details available, including number of cores of cancer involved, percentage individual core involvement, location of disease, bilaterality, and presence of perineural invasion. Median follow-up was 6 years (range, 1-16 years). The prognostic implication for the following outcomes was analyzed: biochemical recurrence-free survival (bRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). Results: The 8-year bRFS rate for pG3 versus pG4 was 77.6% versus 61.3% (P<.0001), DMFS was 96.8% versus 84.3% (P<.0001), and PCSM was 3.7% versus 8.1% (P=.002). On multivariate analysis, pG4 predicted for significantly worse outcome in all parameters. Location of disease (apex, base, mid-gland), perineural involvement, maximum individual core involvement, and the number of Gleason 3+3, 3+4, or 4+3 cores did not predict for distant metastases. Conclusions: Primary Gleason grade 4 independently predicts for worse bRFS, DMFS, and PCSM among Gleason 7 patients. Using complete core information can allow clinicians to utilize pG grade as a prognostic factor, despite not having the full pathologic details from a prostatectomy specimen. Future staging and risk grouping should investigate the incorporation of primary Gleason grade when complete biopsy core information is used.

Spratt, Daniel E.; Zumsteg, Zach; Ghadjar, Pirus; Pangasa, Misha; Pei, Xin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Fine, Samson W. [Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Yamada, Yoshiya; Kollmeier, Marisa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Zelefsky, Michael J., E-mail: zelefskm@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Matter of Detailing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Project success is truly a “matter of detailing”! So, it is imperative that the strongest of cases must be made for the process of detailing!

Ralph W. Liebing RA; CSI; CPCA; CBO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Analysis of the differences in energy simulation results between building information modeling (BIM)-based simulation method and the detailed simulation method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building Information Modeling (BIM)-based simulation models have been used to automate lengthy building energy modeling processes and it enable fast acquisition of results. Recent improvements of simulation programs have continued to the increase in ...

Seongchan Kim; Jeong-Han Woo

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Quantitative Thermography  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantitative Thermography Quantitative Thermography Images collected with infrared thermography can be very useful for gaining insight into thermal phenomena such as thermal bridging and natural convection. But as a research tool it is even more valuable to extract numerical data from the images and produce maps of surface temperature. This is called quantitative infrared thermography and can be very challenging. We have developed procedures that allow collecting and processing the infrared data to enable obtaining results that are as accurate as possible. The main difficulties in using infrared to measure temperature are correcting the measurement for reflected radiation and proper referencing of the relative radiometric measurement. Efforts are underway to develop standardized test procedures for using infrared to quantify surface temperatures in the types of thermal test chambers used to test building products. But for now, information on how we perform quantitative thermography is available in some of our technical papers. One of these papers presents temperature results for a series of insulated glazing units. This is an example of our goal to make available a database of surface temperatures results for various types of windows. These data sets are available for download at the link below. The data are for the warm side surface of various types of air-filled insulating glazing units subjected to ASHRAE winter design conditions and are similar to the graph below.

15

Going Beyond a Resnet Certification for Code-Compliant Simulations: A Sensitivity Analysis of Detailed Results of Three RESNET-Certified, Code-Compliant Residential Simulation Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. Based on the values listed in COMPARISON OF SIMULATION RESULTS Table 2, two locations were simulated in this analysis, Houston and Dallas. All simulations used the TMY2 hourly weather data. Figure 1 and Table 3 shows the total energy use... 2500 2500 Conditioned Area 2500 Average Wall Height 8 8 Average Wall Height 8 8 Conditioned Volume 20000 CLIMATE CLIMATE CLIMATE Location Houston Houston Location Houston Houston Location Houston Weather File TMY2 TMY2 Weather File TMY2 TMY2 HDD...

Haberl, J.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.; Kim, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Results of detailed analyses performed on boring cores extracted from the concrete floors of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant reactor buildings  

SciTech Connect

Due to the massive earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011, and the following severe accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, concrete surfaces within the reactor buildings were exposed to radioactive liquid and vapor phase contaminants. In order to clarify the situation of this contamination in the reactor buildings of Units 1, 2 and 3, selected samples were transported to the Fuels Monitoring Facility in the Oarai Engineering Center of JAEA where they were subjected to analyses to determine the surface radionuclide concentrations and to characterize the radionuclide distributions in the samples. In particular, penetration of radiocesium in the surface coatings layer and sub-surface concrete was evaluated. The analysis results indicate that the situation of contamination in the building of Unit 2 was different from others, and the protective surface coatings on the concrete floors provided significant protection against radionuclide penetration. The localized penetration of contamination in the concrete floors was found to be confined within a millimeter of the surface of the coating layer of some millimeters. (authors)

Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, S.; Kumai, M.; Sato, Isamu; Osaka, Masahiko; Fukushima, Mineo; Kawatsuma, Shinji [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002 Narita, Oarai, Ibaraki 311-1393 (Japan); Goto, Tetsuo; Sakai, Hitoshi [Toshiba Corporation, 8, Shinsugita, Isogo-ku, Yokohama 235-8523 (Japan); Chigira, Takayuki; Murata, Hirotoshi [Tokyo Electric Power Company, 1-1-3 Uchisaiwai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8560 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

1992 CBECS Detailed Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Detailed Tables Detailed Tables To download all 1992 detailed tables: Download Acrobat Reader for viewing PDF files. Yellow Arrow Buildings Characteristics Tables (PDF format) (70 tables, 230 pages, file size 1.39 MB) Yellow Arrow Energy Consumption and Expenditures Tables (PDF format) (47 tables, 208 pages, file size 1.28 MB) Yellow Arrow Energy End-Use Tables (PDF format) (6 tables, 6 pages, file size 31.7 KB) Detailed tables for other years: Yellow Arrow 1999 CBECS Yellow Arrow 1995 CBECS Background information on detailed tables: Yellow Arrow Description of Detailed Tables and Categories of Data Yellow Arrow Statistical Significance of Data 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Detailed Tables Data from the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in three groups of detailed tables:

18

1995 Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Households, Buildings & Industry > Commercial Buildings Energy Households, Buildings & Industry > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey > Detailed Tables 1995 Detailed Tables Data from the 1995 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in three groups of detailed tables: Buildings Characteristics Tables, number of buildings and amount of floorspace for major building characteristics. Energy Consumption and Expenditures Tables, energy consumption and expenditures for major energy sources. Energy End-Use Data, total, electricity and natural gas consumption and energy intensities for nine specific end-uses. Summary Table—All Principal Buildings Activities (HTML Format) Background information on detailed tables: Description of Detailed Tables and Categories of Data Statistical Significance of Data

19

chapter 5. Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Detailed Tables 5. Detailed Tables Chapter 5. Detailed Tables The following tables present detailed characteristics of vehicles in the residential sector. Data are from the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey. Table Organization The "Detailed Tables" section consists of three types of tables: (1) Tables of totals such as number of vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) or gallons consumed; (2) tables of per household statistics such as VMT per household; and (3) tables of per-vehicle statistics, such as vehicle fuel consumption per vehicle. The tables have been grouped together by specific topics such as model-year data or family-income data to facilitate finding related information. The Quick-Reference Guide to the detailed tables indicates major topics of each table.

20

2003 CBECS Detailed Tables: Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2003 Detailed Tables 2003 Detailed Tables 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables most recent available Released: September 2008 Building Characteristics | Consumption & Expenditures | End-Use Consumption In the 2003 CBECS, the survey procedures for strip shopping centers and enclosed malls ("mall buildings") were changed from those used in previous surveys, and, as a result, mall buildings are now excluded from most of the 2003 CBECS tables. Therefore, some data in the majority of the tables are not directly comparable with previous CBECS tables, all of which included mall buildings. Some numbers in the 2003 tables will be slightly lower than earlier surveys since the 2003 figures do not include mall buildings. See "Change in Data Collection Procedures for Malls" for a more detailed explanation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

1999 CBECS Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Detailed Tables Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Detailed Tables 1999 CBECS Detailed Tables Building Characteristics | Consumption & Expenditures Data from the 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are presented in the Building Characteristics tables, which include number of buildings and total floorspace for various Building Characteristics, and Consumption and Expenditures tables, which include energy usage figures for major energy sources. A table of Relative Standard Errors (RSEs) is included as a worksheet tab in each Excel tables. Complete sets of RSE tables are also available in .pdf format. (What is an RSE?) Preliminary End-Use Consumption Estimates for 1999 | Description of 1999 Detailed Tables and Categories of Data

22

Detailed Test Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detailed Test Information Detailed Test Information EPA tests vehicles by running them through a series of driving routines, also called cycles or schedules, that specify vehicle speed for each point in time during the laboratory tests. For 2007 and earlier model year vehicles, only the city and highway schedules were used. Beginning with 2008 models, three additional tests will be used to adjust the city and highway estimates to account for higher speeds, air conditioning use, and colder temperatures. Note: EPA has established testing criteria for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids that are slightly different than those for conventional vehicles. New Tests City Highway High Speed Air Conditioning Cold Temperature Detailed Comparison EPA Federal Test Procedure (City Schedule): Shows vehicle speed (mph) at each second of test

23

Detailed Course Module Description  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Course Module Description Course Module Description Module/Learning Objectives Level of Detail in Module by Audience Consumers Gen Ed/ Community College Trades 1. Energy Issues and Building Solutions High High High Learning Objectives: * Define terms of building science, ecological systems, economics of consumption * Relate building science perspective, ecology, social science * Explain historical energy and environmental issues related to buildings * Compare Site and source energy * Examine the health, safety and comfort issues in buildings * Examine the general context for building solutions (zero energy green home with durability as the goal) * Explain a basic overview of alternative energy (total solar flux) - do we have enough energy * Examine cash flow to homeowners

24

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sakhalin tender background detailed  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that on Jan. 27, 1992, the committee constituted by order of the Russian government of Dec. 23, 1991, and headed by V.I. Danilov-Danilyan, the Russian Federation's Minister for Ecology and Natural Resources, assessed the results of a tender announced in May 1991. The tender was for foreign companies to submit feasibility studies for exploration and development of oil and gas on the continental shelf off Sakhalin Island. The announced winner was the MMM group consisting of McDermott International Inc., Marathon Oil Co., and Mitsui and Co. Ltd. In its decision the governmental tender committee (GTC) begged to differ from V. Fedorov, governor of the Territory of Sakhalin, in whose opinion the U.S.-Japanese combine of Exxon Corp.-Sakhalin Oil Development Co. (Sodeco) should have been pronounced winner at the bidding's end. GTC's decision also ran counter to the verdict by a panel of experts constituted by decision of the Examining Council under the Chairman of the Russian Government on Dec. 3, 1991, and headed by F. Salmanov, first deputy Minister of Geology of the U.S.S.R.

Konoplyanik, A. (Russian Federation Ministry for Fuels and Energy (SU))

1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

26

Computed tomography:the details.  

SciTech Connect

Computed Tomography (CT) is a well established technique, particularly in medical imaging, but also applied in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging. Basic CT imaging via back-projection is treated in many texts, but often with insufficient detail to appreciate subtleties such as the role of non-uniform sampling densities. Herein are given some details often neglected in many texts.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Cooperative Education Detailed Operational Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

credits of Cooperative education for one of the required elective courses in the ME programME 3990 Cooperative Education Detailed Operational Procedures Overview Cooperative education and Aeronautical Engineering faculty. Cooperative education is not a required component of the ME program

de Doncker, Elise

28

New Details of Ferroelectric Switching  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Details of Ferroelectric Switching New Details of Ferroelectric Switching All of our current information technology relies on devices that process information as binary ones and zeroes. Ferroelectric materials are of special interest to developers of the next generation of such devices because they exhibit polarized electronic states that can represent bits of information. Moreover, these materials retain their polarization states without consuming electrical power, making ferroelectrics the subject of intense study for nonvolatile memory applications in which data is stored even when the power is turned off. One problem, however, is polarization fatigue: after a number of cycles, the switchable polarization begins to taper off, rendering the device unusable. Recently, a team of researchers

29

Electric Power detailed State data  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed State Data Detailed State Data Annual data for 2012 Release Date: November 12, 2013 Next Release Date: November 2014 Revision/Corrections Annual data format 1990 - 2012 Net Generation by State by Type of Producer by Energy Source (EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923)1 XLS 1990 - 2012 Fossil Fuel Consumption for Electricity Generation by Year, Industry Type and State (EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923)2 XLS 1990 - 2011 Existing Nameplate and Net Summer Capacity by Energy Source, Producer Type and State (EIA-860)1, 3 XLS 2011 - 2016 Proposed Nameplate and Net Summer Capacity by Year, Energy Source, and State (EIA-860)1 XLS 1990 - 2011 U.S. Electric Power Industry Estimated Emissions by State (EIA-767, EIA-906, EIA-920, and EIA-923)4 XLS 1990 - 2012 Average Price by State by Provider (EIA-861)5 XLS

30

Canada: Automobile Innovation Fund - Program Detail & Criteria...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Canada: Automobile Innovation Fund - Program Detail & Criteria Canada: Automobile Innovation Fund - Program Detail & Criteria Information from the Canadian Embassy Canada:...

31

Improving alternative fuel utilization: detailed kinetic combustion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

alternative fuel utilization: detailed kinetic combustion modeling & experimental testing Improving alternative fuel utilization: detailed kinetic combustion modeling &...

32

NETL: Gasifipedia - Gasification in Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Gasifiers Commercial Gasifiers Types of Gasifiers Although there are various types of gasifers (gasification reactors), different in design and operational characteristics, there are three main gasifier classifications into which most of the commercially available gasifiers fall. These categories are as follows: Fixed-bed gasifiers (also referred as moving-bed gasifiers) Entrained-flow gasifiers Fluidized-bed gasifiers Commercial gasifiers of GE Energy, ConocoPhillips E-Gas(tm) and Shell SCGP are examples of entrained-flow types. Fixed-or moving-bed gasifiers include that of Lurgi and British Gas Lurgi (BGL). Fluidized-bed gasifiers include the catalytic gasifier technology being commercialized by Great Point Energy, the Winkler gasifier, and the KBR transport gasifiers. For more specific information on these gasifiers, follow the links for the bulleted gasifier types above. NOTE: Although specific gasifiers named above are described in detail throughout this website, it is realized that other gasification technologies exist. The gasifiers discussed herein were not preferentially chosen by NETL.

33

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RR0DF106791 RR0DF106791 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,715 mi Date of Test: January 8, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.98 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 460 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

34

VEHICLE DETAILS AND BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RRXDF106605 RRXDF106605 Hybrid Propulsion System: Mild Parallel Belt-Alternator Starter (BAS) Number of Electric Machines: 1 Motor: 15 kW (peak), AC induction Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Hitachi Type: Cylindrical Lithium-ion Number of Cells: 32 Nominal Cell Voltage: 3.6 V Nominal System Voltage: 115.2 V Rated Pack Capacity: 4.4 Ah Maximum Cell Charge Voltage 2 : 4.10 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage 2 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Forced air Pack Weight: 65 lb BEGINNING-OF-TEST: BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,244 mi Date of Test: January 9, 2013 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 3.88 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 450 Wh HPPC Test Pulse Discharge Power @ 50% DOD

35

QUANTITATIVE STABILITY ANALYSIS OF STOCHASTIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? is said to be lower semi-continuous (lsc for short) at ¯x ? X if and only if ..... It is also known as a distance of probability measures having ?-structure, see [45] ...... In order to compare the previous novel stability result for two-stage models ...... Quantitative stability in stochastic programming: The method of probability metrics ...

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

Ancillary service details: Voltage control  

SciTech Connect

Voltage control is accomplished by managing reactive power on an alternating-current power system. Reactive power can be produced and absorbed by both generation and transmission equipment. Reactive-power devices differ substantially in the magnitude and speed of response and in their capital costs. System operators, transmission owners, generators, customers, power marketers, and government regulators need to pay close attention to voltage control as they restructure the U.S. electricity industry. Voltage control can affect reliability and commerce in three ways: (1) Voltages must be maintained within an acceptable range for both customer and power-system equipment to function properly. (2) The movement of reactive power consumes transmission resources, which limits the ability to move real power and worsens congestion. (3) The movement of reactive power results in real-power losses. When generators are required to supply excessive amounts of reactive power, their real-power production must be curtailed. These opportunity costs are not currently compensated for in most regions. Current tariffs are based on embedded costs. These embedded-cost tariffs average about $0.51/MWh, equivalent to $1.5 billion annually for the United States as a whole. Although this cost is low when compared with the cost of energy, it still aggregates to a significant amount of money. This report takes a basic look at why the power system requires reactive power (an appendix explains the fundamentals of real and reactive power). The report then examines the various types of generation and transmission resources used to supply reactive power and to control voltage. Finally it discusses how these resources are deployed and paid for in several reliability regions around the country. As the U.S. electricity industry is restructured, the generation, transmission, and system-control equipment and functions that maintain voltages within the appropriate ranges are being deintegrated.

Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Simulation levels of detail for plant motion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and determine the allowable error in the simulation of branch motion. This allows us to choose the appropriate simulation level of detail and we provide smooth transitions from level to level. Our level of detail approach affects only the simulation parameters...

Beaudoin, Jacob Michael

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

38

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

39

CBECS 1992 - Building Characteristics, Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Percent of Buildings and Floorspace by Census Region, 1992 Percent of Buildings and Floorspace by Census Region, 1992 The following 70 tables present extensive cross-tabulations of commercial buildings characteristics. These data are from the Buildings Characteristics Survey portion of the 1992 CBECS. The "Quick-Reference Guide," indicates the major topics of each table. Directions for calculating an approximate relative standard error (RSE) for each estimate in the tables are presented in Figure A1, "Use of RSE Row and Column Factor." The Glossary contains the definitions of the terms used in the tables. See the preceding "At A Glance" section for highlights of the detailed tables. Table Organization

40

Route selection and detailed line design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The requirements for route selection and detailed line design of a high-voltage overhead line are established by the preparatory work, studies ... the required starting and terminal point of a transmission connec...

Dr.-Ing. Friedrich Kiessling; Dipl.-Ing. Peter Nefzger…

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Property:Project Details | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Details Details Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Project Details Property Type Text Pages using the property "Project Details" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + Aquamarine Power is developing its first commercial 40MW Oyster wave farm off the north-west coast of Lewis in Scotland. The company was granted an exclusive option on the site by UK seabed owner The Crown Estate in May 2011. MHK Projects/ADM 3 + 1/4 scale model MHK Projects/ADM 4 + Shore based PTO test MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Framework 7 program of the European Union MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + AW Energy successfully demonstrated a 1:3 scale prototype device at EMEC (European Marine Energy Center) in both calm and rough winter conditions. Bottom wave velocity measurements were taken concurrently using a Doppler device.

42

Simulating plant motion with levels of detail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIMULATING PLANT MOTION WITH LEVELS OF DETAIL A Senior Honors Thesis by REBECCA LYNN FLANNERY Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs k. Academic Scholarships Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2003 Group: Engineering & Physics I SIMULATING PLANT MOTION WITH LEVELS OF DETAIL A Senior Honors Thesis by REBECCA LYNN FLANNERY Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Academic Scholarships...

Flannery, Rebecca Lynn

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

Ultrafast and quantitative X-tomography and simulation of hollow-cone gasoline direct-injection sprays.  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) has the potential to greatly improve internal combustion engine performance through precise control of the injection rate, timing, and combustion of the fuel. A thorough characterization of the hydrodynamics of fuel injection has to come from a precise, quantitative analysis of the sprays, especially in the near-nozzle region. A lack of knowledge of the fuel-spray dynamics has severely limited computational modeling of the sprays and design of improved injection systems. Previously, the structure and dynamics of highly transient fuel sprays have never been visualized or reconstructed in three dimensions (3D) due to numerous technical difficulties. By using an ultrafast x-ray detector and intense monochromatic x-ray beams from synchrotron radiation, the fine structures and dynamics of 1-ms GDI fuel sprays from an outwardly opening nozzle were elucidated by a newly developed, ultrafast, microsecond computed microtomography (CT) technique. In a time-resolved manner, many detailed features associated with the transient fuel flows are readily observable in the quantitatively reconstructed 3D fuel spray density distribution as a result of the quantitative CT technique. More importantly, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation based on the Taylor analogy breakup (TAB) model has also been performed using the boundary and initial conditions obtained from the experiment data. The experimental and numerical results are in good agreement quantitatively. These results not only reveal the characteristics of the GDI fuel sprays with unprecedented detail, but will also facilitate realistic computational fluid dynamic simulations in highly transient, multiphase systems.

Liu, X.; Im, K-S; Wang, Y.; Wang, J.; Tate, M.W.; Ercan, A.; Schuette, D.R.; Gruner, S.M. (X-Ray Science Division); (Cornell Univ.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Print Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Print Scientists have gotten their first detailed look at the molecular structure of an enzyme that Nature has been using for eons to help silence unwanted genetic messages. A team of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, used x-ray crystallography at ALS Beamlines 8.2.1 and 8.2.2 to determine the crystal structure of Dicer, an enzyme that plays a critical role in a process known as RNA interference. The Dicer enzyme is able to snip a double-stranded form of RNA into segments that can attach themselves to genes and block their activity. With this crystal structure, the researchers learned that Dicer serves as a molecular ruler, with a clamp at one end and a cleaver at the other end a set distance away, that produces RNA fragments of an ideal size for gene-silencing.

45

First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Print First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Print Scientists have gotten their first detailed look at the molecular structure of an enzyme that Nature has been using for eons to help silence unwanted genetic messages. A team of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, used x-ray crystallography at ALS Beamlines 8.2.1 and 8.2.2 to determine the crystal structure of Dicer, an enzyme that plays a critical role in a process known as RNA interference. The Dicer enzyme is able to snip a double-stranded form of RNA into segments that can attach themselves to genes and block their activity. With this crystal structure, the researchers learned that Dicer serves as a molecular ruler, with a clamp at one end and a cleaver at the other end a set distance away, that produces RNA fragments of an ideal size for gene-silencing.

46

First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Detailed Look at RNA Dicer First Detailed Look at RNA Dicer Print Wednesday, 25 January 2006 00:00 Scientists have gotten their first detailed look at the molecular structure of an enzyme that Nature has been using for eons to help silence unwanted genetic messages. A team of researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley, used x-ray crystallography at ALS Beamlines 8.2.1 and 8.2.2 to determine the crystal structure of Dicer, an enzyme that plays a critical role in a process known as RNA interference. The Dicer enzyme is able to snip a double-stranded form of RNA into segments that can attach themselves to genes and block their activity. With this crystal structure, the researchers learned that Dicer serves as a molecular ruler, with a clamp at one end and a cleaver at the other end a set distance away, that produces RNA fragments of an ideal size for gene-silencing.

47

Contact Details Journeying Beyond Breast Cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home About Contact Details Facebook Search Journeying Beyond Breast Cancer making sense of the cancer experience Feeds: Posts Comments Cancer-fighting fountain pen May 20, 2009 by JBBC A research team be used both as a research tool in the development of next-generation cancer treatments

Espinosa, Horacio D.

48

CBECS 1992 - Consumption & Expenditures, Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Figure on Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings by Energy Source, 1992 Divider Line The 49 tables present detailed energy consumption and expenditure data for buildings in the commercial sector. This section provides assistance in reading the tables by explaining some of the headings for the data categories. It will also explain the use of row and column factors to compute both the confidence levels of the estimates given in the tables and the statistical significance of differences between the data in two or more categories. The section concludes with a "Quick-Reference Guide" to the statistics in the different tables. Categories of Data in the Tables After Table 3.1, which is a summary table, the tables are grouped into the major fuel tables (Tables 3.2 through 3.13) and the specific fuel tables (Tables 3.14 through 3.29 for electricity, Tables 3.30 through 3.40 for natural gas, Tables 3.41 through 3.45 for fuel oil, and Tables 3.46 through 3.47 for district heat). Table 3.48 presents energy management and DSM data as reported by the building respondent. Table 3.49 presents data on participation in electric utility-sponsored DSM programs as reported by both the building respondent and the electricity supplier.

49

Baca geothermal demonstration project. Power plant detail design document  

SciTech Connect

This Baca Geothermal Demonstration Power Plant document presents the design criteria and detail design for power plant equipment and systems, as well as discussing the rationale used to arrive at the design. Where applicable, results of in-house evaluations of alternatives are presented.

Not Available

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Detailed Monthly and Annual LNG Import Statistics (2004-2012...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detailed Monthly and Annual LNG Import Statistics (2004-2012) Detailed Monthly and Annual LNG Import Statistics (2004-2012) Detailed Monthly and Annual LNG Import Statistics...

51

A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Title A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zhu, Dandan, Tianzhen Hong, Da Yan, and Chuang Wang Date Published 05/2013 Keywords building energy modeling program, building thermal loads, comparison, dest, DOE-2.1E, energyplus Abstract Building energy simulation is widely used to help design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems, develop and demonstrate compliance of building energy codes, and implement building energy rating programs. However, large discrepancies exist between simulation results from different building energy modeling programs (BEMPs). This leads many users and stakeholders

52

Frontiers In Quantitative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-in-Publication Data: ISBN-13: 978-0-470-29292-1 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 iv #12;P1 the United States at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a varietyFrontiers In Quantitative FinanceVolatility and Credit Risk Modeling RAMA CONT #12;P1: a/b P2: c

Cont, Rama

53

Details of U.S. Climate Zones:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones: The CBECS climate zones are groups of climate divisions, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which are regions within a state that are as climatically homogeneous as possible. Each NOAA climate division is placed into one of five CBECS climate zones based on its 30-year average heating degree-days (HDD) and cooling degree-days (CDD) for the period 1971 through 2000. (These climate zones have been updated for the 2003 CBECS. All previous CBECS used averages for the 45-year period from 1931 through 1975.) A HDD is a measure of how cold a location was over a period of time, relative to a base temperature (in CBECS, 65 degrees Fahrenheit). The heating degree-day is the difference between that day's average temperature and 65 degrees if the daily average is less than 65; it is zero if the daily average temperature is greater than or equal to 65. For example, if the average temperature for a given day is 40 degrees, then the heating degree-days for that single day equal 25. Heating degree-days for a year are the sum of the daily heating degree-days that year.

54

ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 Quantitative Analysis Worksheet | Building Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1999 Quantitative Analysis Worksheet 1999 Quantitative Analysis Worksheet This worksheet aggregates the results of building energy simulations used in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's determination regarding whether ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 will improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. This determination is required by Section 304 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act. Publication Date: Monday, January 30, 2006 BECP_90_1SavingsAnalysis(050101update).xls 90_1savingsanalysis.zip Document Details Focus: Regulatory Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 Document type: Analysis Determination Target Audience: Federal Official State Official Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Tuesday, December 10, 2013 - 13:20

55

Detailed stability analysis of electroweak strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give a detailed stability analysis of the Z-string in the standard electroweak model. We identify the mode that determines the stability of the string and numerically map the region of parameter space where the string is stable. For sin2?W = 0.23, we find that the strings are unstable for a Higgs mass larger than 23 GeV. Given the latest constraints of the Higgs mass from LEP, this shows that, if the standard electroweak model is realized in nature, the existing vortex solutions are unstable.

Margaret James; Leandros Perivolaropoulos; Tanmay Vachaspati

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A quantitative assessment of nuclear weapons proliferation risk utilizing probabilistic methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparative quantitative assessment is made of the nuclear weapons proliferation risk between various nuclear reactor/fuel cycle concepts using a probabilistic method. The work presented details quantified proliferation ...

Sentell, Dennis Shannon, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - azobenzene detailed mechanism Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Chemistry 3 Confinement Effects on Photoalignment, Photochemical Phase Transition, and Thermochromic Behavior of Liquid Crystalline Summary: the results of a detailed...

58

Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal Infrared  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal Infrared Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal Infrared Imagery Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal Infrared Imagery Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): K. Watson Published: Proceedings of the ninth international symposium on remote sensing of environment, April 15-19, p. 1919-1932., 1974 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Thermal And-Or Near Infrared At Raft River Geothermal Area (1974-1976) Raft River Geothermal Area Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermal_Reconnaissance_From_Quantitative_Analysis_Of_Thermal_Infrared_Imagery&oldid=387504" Category:

59

Quantitative Analysis of Station Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Station Analysis of Station Hydrogen * Role of ENAA (Engineering Advancement Association of Japan) - To manage the construction and operation of hydrogen stations in national project, JHFC Project - To act as secretariat of ISO/TC197 (Hydrogen technologies) committee of Japan Kazuo Koseki Chief Secretary of ISO/TC197 of Japan ENAA Yokohama Daikoku Station (Desulfurized Gasoline) Yokohama Asahi Station (Naphtha) Senju Station (LPG) Kawasaki Station (Methanol) Yokohama Asahi Station Naphtha PSA Compressor Storage Tanks Dispenser Reformer Buffer Tank 25 MPa 35 MPa 1073 K 0.8 MPa Inlet : 0.6 MPa Outlet : 40 MPa Vent Stack 40 MPa Result of Quantitative Analysis Concentration. vol.ppm Min.Detect Analysis Impurity Gasoline Naphtha LPG Methanol Conc. Method CO 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.06 0.01 GC-FID

60

Parallelized Interpolation: A Quantitative Assessment Scott Blaha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallelized Interpolation: A Quantitative Assessment Scott Blaha Swarthmore College Mustafa Paksoy- cent I/O-efficient point cloud to DEM algorithm (0), from 52% to 86% of running time was spent inter-off in interpolation is quality (e.g. representativeness) of the resulting DEM ver- sus the computational complexity

Danner, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

2007 Solar Decathlon Detailed Event Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DETAILED EVENT SCHEDULE DETAILED EVENT SCHEDULE Last updated on September 14, 2007 Note: This schedule is subject to change at any time. 12:00 AM 12:30 AM 1:00 AM 1:30 AM 2:00 AM 2:30 AM 3:00 AM 3:30 AM 4:00 AM 4:30 AM 5:00 AM 5:30 AM 6:00 AM 6:30 AM 7:00 AM 7:30 AM 8:00 AM 8:30 AM 9:00 AM 9:30 AM 10:00 AM 10:30 AM 11:00 AM 11:30 AM 12:00 PM 12:30 PM 1:00 PM 1:30 PM 2:00 PM 2:30 PM 3:00 PM 3:30 PM 4:00 PM 4:30 PM 5:00 PM 5:30 PM 6:00 PM 6:30 PM 7:00 PM 7:30 PM 8:00 PM 8:30 PM 9:00 PM 9:30 PM 10:00 PM 10:30 PM 11:00 PM 11:30 PM 12:00 AM 12:30 AM 1:00 AM 1:30 AM 2:00 AM 2:30 AM 3:00 AM 3:30 AM 4:00 AM 4:30 AM 5:00 AM 5:30 AM 6:00 AM 6:30 AM 7:00 AM 7:30 AM 8:00 AM 8:30 AM 9:00 AM 9:30 AM 10:00 AM 10:30 AM 11:00 AM 11:30 AM 12:00 PM 12:30 PM 1:00 PM 1:30 PM 2:00 PM 2:30 PM 3:00 PM 3:30 PM 4:00 PM 4:30 PM 5:00 PM 5:30 PM 6:00 PM 6:30 PM 7:00 PM 7:30 PM 8:00

62

Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic loads in a commercial office building Title Methods for detailed energy data collection of miscellaneous and electronic loads in a commercial office building Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Lanzisera, Steven, Stephen Dawson-Haggerty, Iris H. Y. Cheung, Jay Taneja, David Culler, and Richard E. Brown Journal Building and Environment Volume 65 Start Page 170 Pagination 170 - 177 Date Published 7/2013 ISSN 03601323 Keywords benchmarking, field study, MELs, office buildings, Plug-loads Abstract Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and this share is projected to increase for the foreseeable future. Our understanding, however, of which devices are most responsible for this energy use is still rudimentary due to the difficulty and expense of performing detailed studies on MELs and their energy use. In order to better understand the energy use of MELs and the design of MELs field metering studies, we conducted a year-long study of MELs in an 89,500 sq. ft. (8310 m2) office building. We present insights obtained from this study using 455 wireless plug-load power meters including the study design process, the tools needed for success, and key other methodology issues. Our study allowed us to quantify, for the study buildings, how many devices we needed to inventory and meter as well as for how long we needed to collect meter data. We find that the study design of earlier work would not have yielded accurate results in our study building. This paper presents these findings along with a brief summary of the energy related results.

63

Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperatur...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion...

64

Overview of Detailed Chemical Speciation and Particle Sizing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Detailed Chemical Speciation and Particle Sizing for Diesel Exhaust, Both Real Time and Filter Based Measurements Overview of Detailed Chemical Speciation and Particle Sizing for...

65

Ancillary-service details: Dynamic scheduling  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic scheduling (DS) is the electronic transfer from one control area to another of the time-varying electricity consumption associated with a load or the time-varying electricity production associated with a generator. Although electric utilities have been using this technique for at least two decades, its use is growing in popularity and importance. This growth is a consequence of the major changes under way in US bulk-power markets, in particular efforts to unbundle generation from transmission and to increase competition among generation providers. DS can promote competition and increase choices. It allows consumers to purchase certain services from entities outside their physical-host area and it allows generators to sell certain services to entities other than their physical host. These services include regulation (following minute-to-minute variations in load) and operating reserves, among others. Such an increase in the number of possible suppliers and customers should encourage innovation and reduce the costs and prices of providing electricity services. The purpose of the project reported here was to collect and analyze data on utility experiences with DS. Chapter 2 provides additional details and examples of the definitions of DS. Chapter 3 explains why DS might be an attractive service that customers and generators, as well as transmission providers, might wan to use. Chapter 4 presents some of the many current DS examples the authors uncovered in their interviews. Chapter 5 discusses the costs and cost-effectiveness of DS. Chapter 6 explains what they believe can and cannot be electronically moved from one control area to another, primarily in terms of the six ancillary services that FERC defined in Order 888. Chapter 7 discusses the need for additional research on DS.

Hirst, E.; Kirby, B.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

67

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

68

Details Details... The Impact of Market Rules on Emerging "Green" Energy Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1812 1812 Details, Details . . . The Impact of Market Rules on Emerging "Green" Energy Markets Ryan Wiser, Steven Pickle, and Joseph Eto Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 1998 The work described in this study was funded by the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Utility Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. For the sake of this paper, green power is defined as electricity that is differentiated based on its environmental attributes. 1 As a practical matter, nearly all such green power products include renewable energy. To the extent that customer purchases of green power offset conventional power supply, net environmental gains can be expected. 1 ABSTRACT

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - additional quantitative fit-testing Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

quantitative fit-testing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: additional quantitative fit-testing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Cal State...

70

Integration of hydrothermal-energy economics: related quantitative studies  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of ten models for computing the cost of hydrothermal energy is presented. This comparison involved a detailed examination of a number of technical and economic parameters of the various quantitative models with the objective of identifying the most important parameters in the context of accurate estimates of cost of hydrothermal energy. Important features of various models, such as focus of study, applications, marked sectors covered, methodology, input data requirements, and output are compared in the document. A detailed sensitivity analysis of all the important engineering and economic parameters is carried out to determine the effect of non-consideration of individual parameters.

Not Available

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Quantitative imaging of turbulent and reacting flows  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative digital imaging, using planar laser light scattering techniques is being developed for the analysis of turbulent and reacting flows. Quantitative image data, implying both a direct relation to flowfield variables as well as sufficient signal and spatial dynamic range, can be readily processed to yield two-dimensional distributions of flowfield scalars and in turn two-dimensional images of gradients and turbulence scales. Much of the development of imaging techniques to date has concentrated on understanding the requisite molecular spectroscopy and collision dynamics to be able to determine how flowfield variable information is encoded into the measured signal. From this standpoint the image is seen as a collection of single point measurements. The present effort aims at realizing necessary improvements in signal and spatial dynamic range, signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution in the imaging system as well as developing excitation/detection strategies which provide for a quantitative measure of particular flowfield scalars. The standard camera used for the study is an intensified CCD array operated in a conventional video format. The design of the system was based on detailed modeling of signal and image transfer properties of fast UV imaging lenses, image intensifiers and CCD detector arrays. While this system is suitable for direct scalar imaging, derived quantities (e.g. temperature or velocity images) require an exceptionally wide dynamic range imaging detector. To apply these diagnostics to reacting flows also requires a very fast shuttered camera. The authors have developed and successfully tested a new type of gated low-light level detector. This system relies on fast switching of proximity focused image-diode which is direct fiber-optic coupled to a cooled CCD array. Tests on this new detector show significant improvements in detection limit, dynamic range and spatial resolution as compared to microchannel plate intensified arrays.

Paul, P.H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Detailed Kinetic Modeling of Gasoline Surrogate Mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Real fuels are complex mixtures of thousands of hydrocarbon compounds including linear and branched paraffins, naphthenes, olefins and aromatics. It is generally agreed that their behavior can be effectively reproduced by simpler fuel surrogates containing a limited number of components. In this work, a recently revised version of the kinetic model by the authors is used to analyze the combustion behavior of several components relevant to gasoline surrogate formulation. Particular attention is devoted to linear and branched saturated hydrocarbons (PRF mixtures), olefins (1-hexene) and aromatics (toluene). Model predictions for pure components, binary mixtures and multi-component gasoline surrogates are compared with recent experimental information collected in rapid compression machine, shock tube and jet stirred reactors covering a wide range of conditions pertinent to internal combustion engines. Simulation results are discussed focusing attention on the mixing effects of the fuel components.

Mehl, M; Curran, H J; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

73

Detailed structure of spinning detonation in a circular tube  

SciTech Connect

A single spinning detonation wave propagating in a circular tube, discovered experimentally in 1926, is simulated three-dimensionally with a detailed chemical reaction mechanism. The detonation front obtained numerically rotates periodically with a Mach leg, whiskers, and a transverse detonation. A long pressure trail, which is distributed from the transverse detonation to downstream, was reproduced, clearly showing that the pressure trail also spins synchronously with the transverse detonation. The formation of an unburned gas pocket behind the detonation front was not observed in the present simulations because the rotating transverse detonation completely consumed the unburned gas. The calculated profiles of instantaneous OH mass fraction have a keystone shape behind the detonation front. The numerical results for pitch, track angle, Mach stem angle, and incident shock angle on the tube wall agree well with the experimental results. (author)

Tsuboi, N. [Space Transportation Engineering Department, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Eto, K.; Hayashi, A.K. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, Fuchinobe 5-10-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8558 (Japan)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Wednesday, 27 February 2013 00:00 Our way of life is deeply...

75

Alternate States of Proteins Revealed by Detailed Energy Landscape Mapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternate States of Proteins Revealed by Detailed Energy Landscape Mapping Michael D. Tyka1 Keywords: Rosetta; alternative conformations; protein mobility; structure prediction; validation What through analysis of detailed protein energy landscapes generated by large-scale, native- enhanced sampling

Baker, David

76

Critical speed of railway tracks. detailed and simplified approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The dynamic amplification effects of the response due to a moving load on the surface of an elastic solid has been object of research for more than a century. However, if in the beginning of the last century the problem had only theoretical interest, this is no longer true. Indeed, the recent advancements in the rolling stock, which can now reach speeds higher than 500 km/h, brought this kind of problems to the engineering practice, mainly to high speed railway engineering. The present paper approaches this problem focusing on railway engineering. The departing point is the theoretical formulation of the critical speed problem of a moving load on the surface of an elastic solid. From the usage of 2.5D detailed models it was possible to understand the influence of the embankment and track properties on the critical speed. However, to avoid complex numerical models, which are very demanding from the computational point of view, a simplified approach is proposed for the computation of the critical speed of track-embankment-ground systems. The results of the simplified approach are compared to those achieved by detailed methods, also presented in this paper, and the proposed expedite methodology is found to be very accurate.

Pedro Alves Costa; Aires Colaço; Rui Calçada; António Silva Cardoso

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News & Events News & Events Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: FEMP News Archives NewsDetail on AddThis.com... News Events Back to News News Archives - 2014 There are no news archives for this year.

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - admin tool detail Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speak clearly and enunciate your words so that you can be understood. Sys Admins: "ME Help Desk... to identify them to the users of the lab. Sys Admins, Linux Admins ... Source:...

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis ii detailed Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California, Merced Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 82 www.praxair.com Low Cost Hydrogen Summary: Recommendations Phase II Development Praxair HGS -...

80

Integrated Assessment Modeling of Carbon Sequestration and Land Use Emissions Using Detailed Model Results and Observations  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the progress on the development and application of Integrated Assessment Modeling of Carbon Sequestrations and Land Use Emissions supported by the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DOE-DE-FG02-01ER63069. The overall objective of this collaborative project between the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was to unite the latest advances in carbon cycle research with scientifically based models and policy-related integrated assessment tools that incorporate computationally efficient representations of the latest knowledge concerning science and emission trajectories, and their policy implications. As part of this research we accomplished the following tasks that we originally proposed: (1) In coordination with LLNL and ORNL, we enhanced the Integrated Science Assessment Model's (ISAM) parametric representation of the ocean and terrestrial carbon cycles that better represent spatial and seasonal variations, which are important to study the mechanisms that influence carbon sequestration in the ocean and terrestrial ecosystems; (2) Using the MiniCAM modeling capability, we revised the SRES (IPCC Special Report on Emission Scenarios; IPCC, 2000) land use emission scenarios; and (3) On the application front, the enhanced version of ISAM modeling capability is applied to understand how short- and long-term natural carbon fluxes, carbon sequestration, and human emissions contribute to the net global emissions (concentrations) trajectories required to reach various concentration (emission) targets. Under this grant, 21 research publications were produced. In addition, this grant supported a number of graduate and undergraduate students whose fundamental research was to learn a disciplinary field in climate change (e.g., ecological dynamics and ocean circulations) and then complete research on how this field could be linked to the other factors we need to consider in its dynamics (e.g., land use, ocean and terrestrial carbon sequestration and climate change).

Dr. Atul Jain

2005-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Panel Report to FESAC: Review of the 1996 ITER Detailed Design Report  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a U.S. review of the 1996 Detailed Design Report (DDR) of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project. It was prepared by a panel established by the ...

R. W. Conn; D. E. Baldwin; R. J. Briggs; J. D. Callen…

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

New Argonne initiative to examine the details of the combustion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Argonne initiative to examine the details of the combustion process By Jared Sagoff * July 15, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Every science experiment and every...

83

Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel...

84

ARM-UAV TWP-ICE Payload Instrumentation Details  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Payload Instrumentation Details McCoy, Robert Sandia National Laboratories Tooman, Tim Sandia National Laboratories McFarquhar, Greg University of Illinois Category: Field...

85

FY 2014 Funding History Detail Spreadsheet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Detail Spreadsheet (3.5 MB) More Documents & Publications Commercial Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Residential Clothes Washers (Appendix J2) FY 2014 Budget Request Statistical...

86

2015 Race to Zero Competition Details | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2015 Race to Zero Competition Details The registration for the DOE Race to Zero Student Design Competition has closed, and 40 teams are registered to compete. These teams...

87

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S. Pumped Storage Hydropower...

88

Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies: Detailed Coal Specificat...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Office of Program Performance and Benefits 2 January 2012 Detailed Coal Specifications Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies Disclaimer This report was...

89

A Stochastic Reactor Based Virtual Engine Model Employing Detailed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Stochastic Reactor Based Virtual Engine Model Employing Detailed Chemistry for Kinetic Studies of In-Cylinder Combustion and Exhaust Aftertreatment A Stochastic Reactor Based...

90

2008_Transition_Program_Details_Book_Three.pdf | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

ProgramDetailsBookThree.pdf More Documents & Publications Presentation: DOE Nuclear Nonproliferation FY 2014 Budget Justification FY 2014 Department of Energy Budget Highlights...

91

Senior Systems Analyst-PeopleSoft Campus Solutions Posting Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and emerging technologies. This position may lead and coordinate the design, development, and implementation assurance and testing activities required to maintain business solutions. This position reportsSenior Systems Analyst-PeopleSoft Campus Solutions Posting Details Posting Details Position Title

Liblit, Ben

92

Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings Riddell Revolution Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2011 Riddell Revolution Speed Helmet ID SPEED1 SPEED2: A total of 10 adult football helmet models were evaluated using the STAR evaluation system for May 2011.397 0.350 0.322 Overall STAR 0.356 Very Good: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2011 #12

Lu, Chang

93

Vapor space characterization of waste Tank 241-BY-104 (in situ): Results from samples collected on 4/22/94  

SciTech Connect

This report describes inorganic and organic analyses results from in situ samples obtained from the space of the Hanford waste storage Tank 241-BY-104 (referred to as Tank BY-104). The results described here were obtained to support safety and toxicological evaluations. A summary of the results for inorganic and organic analytes is listed in Table 1. Detailed descriptions of the results appear in the text. Quantitative results were obtained for the inorganic compounds NH{sub 3}, NO{sub 2}, NO, HCN, and H{sub 2}O. Sampling for sulfur oxides was not requested. Several organic compounds were also quantitatively determined. Eighty-nine tentatively identified organic analytes were observed above the detection limit of (ca.) 10 ppbv, but standards for most of these were not available at the time of analysis, and the reported concentrations are semi-quantitative estimates. In addition, the 41 standard TO 14 analytes were sought. Of these, only a few were observed above the 2-ppbv detection limit. The 10 organic analytes with the highest estimated concentrations are listed in Table 1. These 10 analytes account for approximately 48% of the total organic components in the headspace of Tank BY-104. Detailed results appear in the text. Tank BY-104 is on the Ferrocyanide Watch List.

Pool, K.H.; Ligotke, M.W.; Clauss, T.W.; Lucke, R.B.; McVeety, B.D.; Sharma, A.K.; McCulloch, M.; Fruchter, J.S.; Goheen, S.C.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A Detailed Thermal Analysis of the Binospec Spectrograph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refractive optics in astronomical instruments are potentially sensitive to temperature gradients and temperature transients. This sensitivity arises from thermally dependent refractive indices, lens spacings, and lens dimensions. We have therefore undertaken a detailed thermal analysis of Binospec, a wide-field optical spectrograph under development for the converted MMT. Our goals are to predict the temperature gradients that will be present in the Binospec optics and structure under realistic operating conditions and to determine how design choices affect these gradients. We begin our analysis by deriving thermal time constants for instrument subassemblies. We then generate a low-resolution finite difference model of the entire instrument and high-resolution models of sensitive subassemblies. This approach to thermal analysis is applicable to a variety of other instruments. We use measurements of the ambient temperature in the converted MMT's dome to model Binospec's thermal environment. During moderate conditions we find that the Binospec lens groups develop 0.14 C axial and radial temperature gradients and that lens groups of different mass develop 0.5 C temperature differences; these numbers are doubled for the extreme conditions. Internal heat sources do not significantly affect these results; heat flow from the environment dominates. The instrument must be periodically opened to insert new aperture masks, but we find that the resulting temperature gradients and thermal stresses in the optics are small. Image shifts at the detector caused by thermal deflections of the Binospec optical bench structure are approx 0.1 pixel/hr. We conclude that the proposed Binospec design has acceptable thermal properties, and briefly discuss design changes to further reduce temperature gradients.

Warren R. Brown; Daniel G. Fabricant; David A. Boyd

2002-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

Letter from Commonwealth of Virginia to ENSR International Detailing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Virginia to ENSR International of Virginia to ENSR International Detailing Responses to Comments made Concerning the Modified Protocol for Downwash Modeling-Mirant Potomac River, LLC Letter from Commonwealth of Virginia to ENSR International Detailing Responses to Comments made Concerning the Modified Protocol for Downwash Modeling-Mirant Potomac River, LLC Docket No. EO-05-01: Letter from Commonwealth of Virginia to ENSR International Detailing Responses to Comments made Concerning the Modified Protocol for Downwash Modeling-Mirant Potomac River, LLC. The comments are addressed for the most part in this letter. As to the electronic media containing the modeling files, an additional copy will be necessary for the public comment process. Letter from Commonwealth of Virginia to ENSR International Detailing

96

CBECS 1993 - Federal Buildings Supplement Survey - Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Publication > Detailed Tables Publication > Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Percent of FBSS Buildings and Floorspace by Selected Agencies, FY 1993 Percent of FBSS Buildings and Floorspace by Selected Agencies, FY 1993 Sources: Energy Information Administration, Energy Markets and End Use, 1993 Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey. Divider Line To View and/or Print Reports (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader If you experience any difficulties, visit our Technical Frequently Asked Questions. Divider Line You have the option of downloading the entire set of tables or selected tables by data item. Full Set of Tables - Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey, 1993 (file size 770,290 bytes) pages: 123 Detailed Table Information (file size 45,044 bytes) pages: 7, includes:

97

Mapping the results of mobile network monitoring: a GIS solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most of us are familiar with the 'can you hear me now' commercial - a spectacled technician from a major wireless carrier moves about with a dedicated team testing the voice clarity of the network. Geographic information system (GIS) technology (Foote and Lynch, 2011), together with the use of existing data collection hardware, allows analysts to map results of mobile networks both accurately and efficiently. This paper will detail how geospatial analysis and methodologies were used to address questions related to ideal locations for a cellular network monitoring service, and where such service should be offered to achieve maximum results. Moreover, it explains what qualifies spatially as a quantitative measurable result. Finally, it illustrates how to harness the power of base map and demographic data together with TEMS™ Automatic network monitoring software to evaluate wireless infrastructure.

Genaro Pedroarias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Quantitative Assessment of Appropriate Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Economist Dr. E.F. Schumacher posited the concept of “Intermediate Technology” in his 1973 book Small is Beautiful, catalyzing the explosion of the appropriate technology (AT) movement. But how does one gauge the “appropriateness” of a technology? Quantitative assessment of AT can benefit sustainable community development (SCD) practitioners by way of decision-support and risk mitigation. The following research constructs a generalizable metric for quantitative assessment of AT, and develops a systematic process for its deployment. Forty-nine independent, emergent indicators of appropriateness were identified from a literature meta-analysis. The most prevalent indicators were as follows: community input, affordability, autonomy, transferability, community control, scalability, local availability of raw materials, and adaptability. Using these, a quantitative assessment tool was developed, called the Appropriate Technology Assessment Tool (ATAT). ATAT employs multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methods to rank AT alternatives. In this way, inputs are aggregated using a weighted- sum method, giving the composite Appropriateness Index, (Ali). Using VBA coding, the author built ATAT via a simple form populated by the identified indicators. The form automates all necessary calculations, facilitating empirically rigorous quantitative assessment of AT by non-technical SCD workers. AT is only as appropriate as beneficiaries deem. A participatory research approach requires community stakeholders to rank preferred criteria for AT, and rate alternatives against the chosen criteria. This approach makes the tool customizable to local conditions. Using the Mini-Delphi Method, stakeholder opinions translate to ATAT inputs. A local case in the Westwood neighborhood of Denver, Colorado is examined to test ATAT efficacy and process viability. Prior to this research, University of Colorado graduate students partnered with local 501(c)3 Revision International to reduce winter heating costs in Westwood using a solar furnace that locals dubbed “EZ Heat”. ATAT quantified the appropriateness of EZ Heat as Ali = 4.2. This score lends empirical support to the AT's a priori deterministic selection. ATAT is designed to be free and accessible via Internet, and the author is investigating the potential of a mobile application. SCD and other community development practitioners often work in remote areas, and a mobile ATAT application will make the tool more useful.

A. Michael Bauer; Aaron Brown

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Details of Forestry Commission and DARDNI Plant Health Contacts for UK Points of Entry UK Principle Ports Contacts Contact Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ports Contacts Contact Details Felixstowe Richard Fergusson Pat Mitchell Philip Evans Roland Fry Fax Other GB Ports John Hunter Joanne McAuley Fax 0131-314-6148 Tel : 0131-314-6182 or Tel : 0131

100

Griffiss AFB integrated resource assessment. Volume 2, Electric baseline detail  

SciTech Connect

The US Air Force Air Combat Command has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as the lead laboratory supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program`s (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Griffiss Air Force Base (AFB). This is a model program PNL is designing for federal customers served by the Niagara Mohawk Power Company (Niagara Mohawk). It will (1) identify and evaluate all electric cost-effective energy projects; (2) develop a schedule at each installation for project acquisition considering project type, size, timing, and capital requirements, as well as energy and dollar savings; and (3) secure 100% of the financing required to implement electric energy efficiency projects from Niagara Mohawk and have Niagara Mohawk procure the necessary contractors to perform detailed audits and install the technologies. This report documents the assessment of baseline energy use at one of Niagara Mohawk`s primary federal facilities, Griffiss AFB, an Air Combat Command facility located near Rome, New York. It is a companion report to Volume 1, the Executive Summary, and Volume 3, the Electric Resource Assessment. The analysis examines the characteristics of electric, gas, oil, propane, coal, and purchased thermal capacity use for fiscal year (FY) 1990. The results include energy-use intensities for the facilities at Griffiss AFB by building type and electric energy end use. A complete electric energy consumption reconciliation is presented that accounts for the distribution of all major electric energy uses and losses among buildings, utilities, and central systems.

Dixon, D.R.; Armstrong, P.R.; Keller, J.M.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

High Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well Drilling Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title High Precision Geophysics & Detailed Structural Exploration & Slim Well Drilling Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description Existing geologic data show that the basalt has been broken by complex intersecting fault zones at the hot springs. Natural state hot water flow patterns in the fracture network will be interpreted from temperature gradient wells and then tested with moderate depth core holes. Production and injection well tests of the core holes will be monitored with an innovative combination of Flowing Differential Self-Potential (FDSP) and resistivity tomography surveys. The cointerpretation of all these highly detailed geophysical methods sensitive to fracture permeability patterns and water flow during the well tests will provide unprecedented details on the structures and flow in a shallow geothermal aquifer and support effective development of the low temperature reservoir and identification of deep up flow targets.

102

Detailed Planning Kicks Off | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detailed Planning Kicks Off Detailed Planning Kicks Off Home > Groups > Linked Open Data Workshop in Washington, D.C. Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 27 September, 2012 - 06:53 planning Skype call this morning to discuss details. More info coming soon! Groups: Linked Open Data Workshop in Washington, D.C. Login to post comments Jweers's blog Latest blog posts Jweers Event Planning Page Updated! Posted: 27 Sep 2012 - 18:38 by Jweers Jweers Added Public Promotional Page! Posted: 27 Sep 2012 - 18:10 by Jweers 1 of 2 ›› Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Latest blog post comments No comments have been made yet Recent content LOD Workshop Invitation LOD Workshop Invitation Event Planning Page Updated! Added Public Promotional Page! Notes from the Call

103

Detailed chemical characterization of unresolved complex mixtures in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detailed chemical characterization of unresolved complex mixtures in Detailed chemical characterization of unresolved complex mixtures in atmospheric organics: Insights into emission sources, atmospheric processing, and secondary organic aerosol formation Title Detailed chemical characterization of unresolved complex mixtures in atmospheric organics: Insights into emission sources, atmospheric processing, and secondary organic aerosol formation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Chan, Arthur W. H., Gabriel Isaacman, Kevin R. Wilson, David R. Worton, Christopher R. Ruehl, Theodora Nah, Drew R. Gentner, Timothy R. Dallmann, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Robert A. Harley, Jessica B. Gilman, William C. Kuster, Joost A. de Gouw, John H. Offenberg, Tadeusz E. Kleindienst, Ying H. Lin, Caitlin L. Rubitschun, Jason D. Surratt, Patrick L. Hayes, Jose L. Jimenez, and Allen H. Goldstein

104

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

105

Part 5: For Detailed Information | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: For Detailed Information 5: For Detailed Information Part 5: For Detailed Information 42 U.S.C. §9601 et. seq., The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) 40 CFR Part 300, National Oil and Hazardous Substance Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) (March 1990) Executive Order 12580: Superfund Implementation DOE Order 5400.4: CERCLA Requirements Policy on Decommissioning of Department of Energy Facilities Under CERCLA (May 22, 1995) Decommissioning Implementation Guide (May 1995) Guidance on Accelerating CERCLA Environmental Restoration at Federal Facilities (August 1994) This question and Answer Sheet is designed to provide answers to common questions regarding decommissioning under CERCLA. If you have questions or

106

Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Accomplishments Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Accomplishments December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - EM and its contractor, Idaho Treatment Group (ITG), safely and compliantly met all of their production and shipping targets in the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) at the Idaho site in 2013. AMWTP's purpose is to safely process and dispose of transuranic (TRU) and mixed low-level waste (MLLW). The defense-related TRU waste is sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, and the MLLW is sent to other federal and commercial disposal sites. AMWTP is the largest shipper of contact-handled TRU waste to WIPP. In 2013, AMWTP sent 2,444.69 cubic

107

Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Accomplishments Idaho's Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project Details 2013 Accomplishments December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - EM and its contractor, Idaho Treatment Group (ITG), safely and compliantly met all of their production and shipping targets in the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) at the Idaho site in 2013. AMWTP's purpose is to safely process and dispose of transuranic (TRU) and mixed low-level waste (MLLW). The defense-related TRU waste is sent to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico, and the MLLW is sent to other federal and commercial disposal sites. AMWTP is the largest shipper of contact-handled TRU waste to WIPP. In 2013, AMWTP sent 2,444.69 cubic

108

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

109

FAQ Detail | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

ASCR ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) » FAQ Detail Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) ALCC Application Details ALCC Past Awards Frequently Asked Questions Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy

110

Building a comprehensive quantitative risk assessment model for lung cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Res, Volume 46, 2005 Building a comprehensive quantitative...including identification of multi-collinearities and...and resulted in model multi-collinearities. When...asbestos exposure, family history of LC and years...factors of emphysema, family history of LC, years...

Carol J. Etzel; Qing Zhang; Matthew Schabath; Qiong Dong; Xifeng Wu; Qingyi Wei; Margaret Spitz; and Christopher I. Amos

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Quantitative Characterization of Filament Dynamics by Single-Molecule Lifetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 29 Quantitative Characterization of Filament Dynamics by Single-Molecule Lifetime. Single-Molecule Lifetime Measurements A. Extract and Sample Preparation B. Microscopy C. Data Analysis Dynamics C. Connecting to Other Types of Measurements IV. Results and Conclusion References Abstract Single-molecule

Needleman, Daniel

112

STUDENT CONTACT DETAILS (please complete in full) Student's family name  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT CONTACT DETAILS (please complete in full) Student's family name: Student's given name multi-lingual customer support to help you with whatever questions you have along the way! PAYMENT Curtin University Building 101, Level 2, Kent St, Bentley WA 6102 Mailing address for bank drafts

113

Detailed Information on Proposal for US-Monbusho Collaoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C / He /Ceramic Breeder / Be material system - Key: Measure interface thermal resistance at the Si be significant (T-breeding) · Beryllium (typically): Tmax thermal resistance between ceramicDetailed Information on Proposal for UNICEX-Hi US-Monbusho Collaoration Thermal

Abdou, Mohamed

114

2012-13 Expenditures Req # Amount Category Vendor Detail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

803472 $800 Food Costco Food, drink, paper COGS 802508 $891 Expense Advance Business Machines Service2012-13 Expenditures Req # Amount Category Vendor Detail SGA OFFICES COGS 801857 $800 Food Publix Food, drink, paper COGS 803830 $2,750 Expense Astro Tour Rental - Tour Bus COGS 803835 $650 Food Grammy

115

222 Electrochemistry Vol. I. Highly detailed discussions of manufacturing aspects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of commercial batteries. (A) H. A. Liebhafsky and E. J. Cairns, Fuel Cells and Fuel Batteries. Wiley, New York, 1968. Very detailed treatment of fuel cell principles and difficulties. (A) D. Mennie, IEEE Spectrum. March, pp. 36-41 (1976). Survey of present and near term future batteries. (E) Proceedings of the Power

Macdonald, James Ross

116

Methods for Detailed Energy Data Collection of Miscellaneous and Electronic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methods for Detailed Energy Data Collection of Miscellaneous and Electronic Methods for Detailed Energy Data Collection of Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Building Title Methods for Detailed Energy Data Collection of Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Building Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number LBNL-6384E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Lanzisera, Steven, Stephen Dawson-Haggerty, Iris H. Y. Cheung, Jay Taneja, David Culler, and Richard E. Brown Date Published 04/2013 Keywords Commercial Office Building, Data Collection, Electronic loads Abstract Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and this share is projected to increase for the foreseeable future. Our understanding, however, of which devices are most responsible for this energy use is still rudimentary due to the difficulty and expense of performing detailed studies on MELs and their energy use. In order to better understand the energy use of MELs and the design of MELs field metering studies, we conducted a year-long study of MELs in an 89,500 sq. ft. (8310 m2) office building.

117

Detailed Execution Planning for Large Oil and Gas Construction Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed Execution Planning for Large Oil and Gas Construction Projects Presented by James Lozon, University of Calgary There is currently 55.8 billion dollars worth of large oil and gas construction projects scheduled or underway in the province of Alberta. Recently, large capital oil and gas projects

Calgary, University of

118

urrent practice in the vehicle dynamics and control community is to validate detailed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost and inherent danger in testing aggressive vehicle controllers using full-sized vehicles, a scaleC urrent practice in the vehicle dynamics and control community is to validate detailed simulation results using a full-sized vehicle. For university-based research, this ap- proach is often prohibitively

Brennan, Sean

119

Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Reconnaissance From Quantitative Analysis Of Thermal Infrared Imagery Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: Geothermal...

120

DOE Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill DOE Makes Public Detailed Information on the BP Oil Spill June 8, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's ongoing commitment to transparency surrounding the response to the BP oil spill, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that Department is providing online access to schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results and other data about the malfunctioning blowout preventer. Secretary Chu insisted on making the data widely available to ensure the public is as informed as possible, and to ensure that outside experts making recommendations have access to the same information that BP and the government have. The site will be updated with additional data soon. "Transparency is not only in the public interest, it is part of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Buildings and Energy in the 80's -- Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables Detailed Tables Total Residential and Commercial Primary Consumption by Type of Building Sources: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, EIA-457 of the 1980 Residential Energy Consumption Survey and Form EIA-871 of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. This report introduces several innovations in energy data reporting that complement the previously published triennial reports of the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). (1) Both residential and commercial sector buildings data are presented together in the report. Common units of analysis, the residential or commercial building and floorspace, are used to facilitate comparison.17 (2) Unlike the triennial RECS and CBECS that

122

Department of Energy Releases Details of Tribal Summit | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy today released details of the WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy today released details of the upcoming Tribal Summit with American Indian and Alaska Native Leaders that will be held on May 4-5, 2011, at the Crystal City Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Va. The summit will build on Secretary Chu's continued commitment to partnering with Native Americans to support the development of clean energy projects on tribal lands that will help reduce energy use, limit carbon pollution, and create new jobs for tribal communities across the country "Tribal Nations are well-positioned to take advantage of the benefits of clean energy. This summit will provide an opportunity for meaningful dialogue between the Department of Energy and Tribal Nations on a broad range of energy and environmental issues," said Secretary Chu. "Working

123

ARRA870A Recovery Act - Recip Details for Next Quarter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ARRA870A Recovery Act - Recipient Reporting Details" ARRA870A Recovery Act - Recipient Reporting Details" "Data is as of July, 19, 2011" "Awardee Name","Award/ Contract Number","Award Type","Award Amount","Total Costs","Total Payments","Project Value","Project Desc","DUNS Number","CFDA Code","NAICS Code","Award Date","Contracting Office Code","Awarding Agency Code","Funding Agency Code","Program Source (TAS) Code","CCR Renewal Date" "1001 SOUTH 15TH STREET ASSOCIATES, LLC","EE0002776","Grant",1682920,7277.96,7277.96,2004230,"Ground Source Heat Pumps",831221945,81.087,,"application/vnd.ms-excel",,8900,8900,"89-0331","application/vnd.ms-excel"

124

The Collagen Protein Viewed at Unprecedented Detail | Advanced Photon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assembling Nanoparticles the Easy DNA-Way Assembling Nanoparticles the Easy DNA-Way Better, cleaner fuel injectors for automobiles? Poxvirus Potency Uncovered in New Atomic Map Striking Nano Gold Oldest Known Magnet's Secrets Revealed Under High Pressures Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed The Collagen Protein Viewed at Unprecedented Detail FEBRUARY 26, 2008 Bookmark and Share A view of a rat tail tendon using second-harmonic generation microscopy. The collagen fibers show up in green and red. The structure and behavior of one of the most common proteins in our bodies has been resolved at a level of detail never before seen, thanks to new research performed at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the U.S.

125

Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to Aerosols in a Changing Atmosphere: From Detailed Aerosol Microphysics to Policy Applications Speaker(s): Susanne Bauer Date: December 6, 2011 - 4:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon The anthropogenic increase in aerosol concentrations since preindustrial times and its net cooling effect on the atmosphere is thought to mask some of the greenhouse gas induced warming. Although the overall effect of aerosols on solar radiation and clouds is most certainly negative, some individual forcing agents and feedbacks have positive forcing effects. Recent studies have tried to identify some of those positive forcing agents and their individual emission sectors, However, understanding the net effect of multi-source emitting sectors and the involved cloud feedbacks is

126

A detailed modeling of photovoltaic module using MATLAB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The PV module is the interface which converts light into electricity. Modeling this device, necessarily requires taking weather data (irradiance and temperature) as input variables. The output can be current, voltage, power or other. However, trace the characteristics I(V) or P(V) needs of these three variables. Any change in the entries immediately implies changes in outputs. That is why, it is important to use an accurate model for the PV module. This paper presents a detailed modeling of the effect of irradiance and temperature on the parameters of the PV module. The chosen model is the single diode model with both series and parallel resistors for greater accuracy. The detailed modeling is then simulated step by step using MATLAB/Simulink software due to its frequent use and its effectiveness.

Habbati Bellia; Ramdani Youcef; Moulay Fatima

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Third Climate Change Science Program Report Issued; Report Details Effects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Third Climate Third Climate Change Science Program Report Issued; Report Details Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 10.18.07 Third Climate Change Science Program Report Issued; Report Details Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) today announced the release of its third in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs). Coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy

128

Electric Utility Sales and Revenue - EIA-826 detailed data file  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Form EIA-826 detailed data Form EIA-826 detailed data The Form EIA-826 "Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions" collects retail sales of electricity and associated revenue, each month, from a statistically chosen sample of electric utilities in the United States. The respondents to the Form EIA-826 are chosen from the Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." Methodology is based on the "Model-Based Sampling, Inference and Imputation." In 2003, EIA revised the survey to separate the transportation sales and reassign the other activities to the commercial and industrial sectors as appropriate. The "other" sector activities included public street and highway lighting, sales to public authorities, sales to railroads and railways, interdepartmental sales, and agricultural irrigations.

129

Detailed balance theory of excitonic and bulk heterojunction solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalized solar cell model for excitonic and classical bipolar solar cells describes the combined transport and interaction of electrons, holes, and excitons in accordance with the principle of detailed balance. Conventional inorganic solar cells, single-phase organic solar cells and bulk heterojunction solar cells, i.e., nanoscale mixtures of two organic materials, are special cases of this model. For high mobilities, the compatibility with the principle of detailed balance ensures that our model reproduces the Shockley-Queisser limit irrespective of how the energy transport is achieved. For less ideal devices distinct differences become visible between devices that are described by linear differential equations and those with nonlinear effects, such as a voltage-dependent collection in bipolar p-i-n-type devices. These differences in current-voltage characteristics are also decisive for the validity of the reciprocity theorem between photovoltaic quantum efficiency and electroluminescent emission. Finally, we discuss the effect of band offset at the heterointerface in a bulk heterojunction cell and the effect of the average distances between these heterointerfaces on the performance of a solar cell in order to show how our detailed balance model includes also these empirically important quantities.

Thomas Kirchartz; Julian Mattheis; Uwe Rau

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

130

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use details |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use List of Portfolio Manager property types, definitions, and use details Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

131

Detailed balance limit of power conversion efficiency for organic photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental difference between inorganic photovoltaic (IPV) and organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells is that charges are generated at the interface in OPV cells, while free charges can be generated in the bulk in IPV cells. In OPV cells, charge generation involves intrinsic energy losses to dissociate excitons at the interface between the donor and acceptor. By taking into account the energy losses, we show the theoretical limits of the power conversion efficiency set by radiative recombination of the carriers on the basis of the detailed balance relation between radiation from the cell and black-body radiation.

Seki, Kazuhiko, E-mail: k-seki@aist.go.jp [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan); Furube, Akihiro [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)] [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Yoshida, Yuji [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Detailed characterization of Mo/Au TES microcalorimeters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We are optimizing Mo/Au transition-edge-sensor (TES) calorimeters to meet the specifications of NASA’s Constellation-X mission. Our calorimeters have already demonstrated very good energy resolution of X rays (2.4 eV at 1.5 keV). We wish to further improve the energy resolution by reducing excess noise in the calorimeters. Development of a detailed model and understanding of the noise is instrumental to reaching this goal. Towards that end we employ a linear model that describes the response of a calorimeter to signal and various sources of noise. The model is based on detailed measurements of the parameters that affect the calorimeter’s performance such as current-voltage characteristics of the TES thermal conductance of our silicon-nitride membranes and inductance in the electronic circuit used to bias the TES. We determine the sharpness of the superconducting phase transition by fitting the model to the measured responsivity of the calorimeter. The model relates sources of noise such as phonon noise Johnson noise and hypothetical sources of excess noise to measurements of noise in the TES. Based on this analysis we find that the excess noise is consistent with frequency-independent voltage noise in the TES

Mark A. Lindeman; Regis P. Brekosky; Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano; Fred M. Finkbeiner; Mary Li; Caroline K. Stahle; Carl M. Stahle; Nilesh Tralshawala

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Analytical calculation of detailed model parameters of cast resin dry-type transformers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Non-flammable characteristic of cast resin dry-type transformers make them suitable for different kind of usages. This paper presents an analytical method of how to obtain parameters of detailed model of these transformers. The calculated parameters are compared and verified with the corresponding FEM results and if it was necessary, correction factors are introduced for modification of the analytical solutions. Transient voltages under full and chopped test impulses are calculated using the obtained detailed model. In order to validate the model, a setup was constructed for testing on high-voltage winding of cast resin dry-type transformer. The simulation results were compared with the experimental data measured from FRA and impulse tests.

M. Eslamian; B. Vahidi; S.H. Hosseinian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Department of Energy Releases Details of Tribal Summit | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy today released details of the upcoming Tribal Summit with American Indian and Alaska Native Leaders that will be held on May 4-5, 2011, at the Crystal City Gateway Marriott in Arlington, Va. The summit will build on Secretary Chu's continued commitment to partnering with Native Americans to support the development of clean energy projects on tribal lands that will help reduce energy use, limit carbon pollution, and create new jobs for tribal communities across the country. "Tribal Nations are well-positioned to take advantage of the benefits of clean energy. This summit will provide an opportunity for meaningful dialogue between the Department of Energy and Tribal Nations on a broad range of energy and environmental issues," said Secretary Chu. "Working

135

A detailed spectroscopic study of an Italian fresco  

SciTech Connect

In the present work we characterized samples of plasters and pictorial layers taken from a fresco in the Acireale Cathedral. The fresco represents the Coronation of Saint Venera, patron saint of this Ionian town. By performing a detailed spectroscopic analysis of the plaster preparation layer by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction (XRD), and of the painting layer by FTIR and confocal Raman microspectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy+energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and XRD, we were able to identify the pigments and the binders present. In particular, Raman investigation was crucial to the characterization of the pigments thanks to the high resolution of the confocal apparatus used. It is worth stressing that the simultaneous use of complementary techniques was able to provide more complete information for the conservation of the artifact we studied.

Barilaro, Donatella; Crupi, Vincenza; Majolino, Domenico; Barone, Germana; Ponterio, Rosina [Dipartimento di Fisica and Instituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia (INFM), Universita di Messina, Contrada Papardo, Salita Sperone 31, P.O. Box 55, 98166 Messina (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze dalla Terra, Universita di Messina, Contrada Papardo, Salita Sperone 31, P.O. Box 55, 98166 Messina (Italy); Istituto per i Processi Chimico-Fisici del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche-Istituto per i Processi Chimico Fisici (CNR-IPCF), Sezione di Messina, Via La Farina 237, 98123 Messina (Italy)

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated quantitative nuclear Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: automated quantitative nuclear Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 s e c t i o n reinventing energy...

137

UNiquant, a Program for Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UNiquant, a Program for Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Using Stable Isotope Labeling. UNiquant, a Program for Quantitative Proteomics Analysis Using Stable Isotope Labeling....

138

Near quantitative agreement of model free DFT- MD predictions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Near quantitative agreement of model free DFT- MD predictions with XAFS observations of the hydration structure of highly Near quantitative agreement of model free DFT- MD...

139

Study on detailed geological modelling for fluvial sandstone reservoir in Daqing oil field  

SciTech Connect

Guided by the sedimentation theory and knowledge of modern and ancient fluvial deposition and utilizing the abundant information of sedimentary series, microfacies type and petrophysical parameters from well logging curves of close spaced thousands of wells located in a large area. A new method for establishing detailed sedimentation and permeability distribution models for fluvial reservoirs have been developed successfully. This study aimed at the geometry and internal architecture of sandbodies, in accordance to their hierarchical levels of heterogeneity and building up sedimentation and permeability distribution models of fluvial reservoirs, describing the reservoir heterogeneity on the light of the river sedimentary rules. The results and methods obtained in outcrop and modem sedimentation studies have successfully supported the study. Taking advantage of this method, the major producing layers (PI{sub 1-2}), which have been considered as heterogeneous and thick fluvial reservoirs extending widely in lateral are researched in detail. These layers are subdivided into single sedimentary units vertically and the microfacies are identified horizontally. Furthermore, a complex system is recognized according to their hierarchical levels from large to small, meander belt, single channel sandbody, meander scroll, point bar, and lateral accretion bodies of point bar. The achieved results improved the description of areal distribution of point bar sandbodies, provide an accurate and detailed framework model for establishing high resolution predicting model. By using geostatistic technique, it also plays an important role in searching for enriched zone of residual oil distribution.

Zhao Hanqing; Fu Zhiguo; Lu Xiaoguang [Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Daqing (China)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Development and validation of detailed controls models of the Nelson River Bipole 1 HVDC system  

SciTech Connect

With the Nelson River Bipole 1 mercury arc valve group replacement project and planning for the expansion of the Nelson River HVDC system with a third bipole underway, it was decided to pursue a program to develop and validate detailed models of the existing HVDC transmission facilities and their associated ac systems for use in system studies. The first phase of the program concentrated on the development of detailed controls models associated with the Bipole 1 transmission facility. Based on previous experience at Manitoba Hydro with the Electromagnetic Transient DC simulation program (EMTDC), it was decided that model development and validation would use this program. This paper presents the reasons behind the development of detailed models, the methods used in developing models related to Bipole 1, results of validation tests, difficulties encountered during the process, and the overall benefits resulting from the project. An example of applying the models to investigate a low frequency oscillation which has occurred on the dc system in the past is also presented.

Kuffel, P.; Kent, K.L.; Mazur, G.B.; Weekes, M.A. (Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Quantification of escalation effects in offshore quantitative risk assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Loss-of-containment events on offshore installations can lead to complex escalation effects, especially in congested modules, where the close proximity of processing equipment and control systems creates the potential for very many different escalation paths. Conventional risk analysis tools are not well suited to deriving and evaluating the large number of possibilities, relying on the risk analyst to devise and quantify a ‘representative’ set of scenarios. The danger is that the ‘representative’ scenarios lack realism, may be insufficiently detailed to support upgrade decisions, and tend towards ‘generic’ risk analysis. A novel computer simulation technique has therefore been developed which starts from a list of initiating loss-of-containment events and utilizes physical rule sets and consequence models to generate consistent and detailed accident scenarios from a basic platform description, comprising a collection of equipment items, structural elements and protective systems. The program has proved stable on application to a variety of offshore installations, including simple gas platforms, a typical deep sea oil and gas platform, and a semi-submersible production vessel. It eliminates the manual drafting and analysis of event trees, which is very laborious even when aided by interactive computer tools; and, because the risk model comprises factual information, rather than abstract concepts, it is much more accessible and amenable to scrutiny by discipline engineers, allowing operators to derive and maintain a genuinely ‘living’ quantitative risk assessment.

Mark Morris; Alan Miles; John Cooper

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Detailed numerical modeling of chemical and thermal nonequilibrium in hypersonic flows  

SciTech Connect

Interest in hypersonic flows has created a large demand for physicochemical models for air flow computations around reentry bodies. Detailed physicochemical models for air in chemical and thermal nonequilibrium are needed for a realistic prediction of hypersonic flowfields. In this paper we develop a model, based on elementary physicochemical processes, for a detailed description of chemical nonequilibrium together with the excitation of internal DOFs. This model is implemented in a 2D Navier-Stokes code in order to show the strong influence of thermal nonequilibrium on the flowfields. The algorithm presented here is based on a fully conservative discretization of the inviscid fluxes in the conservation equations and uses the chain rule conservation law form for the viscous fluxes. The large system of ordinary differential and algebraic equations resulting from the spatial discretization is solved by a time-accurate semiimplicit extrapolation method. 34 refs.

Riedel, U.; Maas, U.; Warnatz, J. (Stuttgart Univ. (Germany))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

CRSP South Capital Investment Plan FY12-FY21 Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9/2011 9/2011 CRSP South Capital Investment Plan FY12-FY21 Detail Yellow Highlight = New Project to list W Total = Western Only Costs Red Text = Change from previous version O Total = Trust and Joint Participation Costs Blue Text = will be removed from list FY Total = Sum of W Total and O Total Green Highlight = Annual Equipment Replacement Programs MPS Split = Multiple Power System Cost Split. Fund PROJECT PROJECT Power Sys TOTAL W Total W PD W Non-PD O Total FY TOTAL W Total W PD W Non-PD O Total FY TOTAL Transmission Lines Environmental Support for Lands, Access Roads, and ROW's CRSPVMF 450 110 10 100 110 110 10 100 110 Lidar Closeout at Pinnacle Peak and Rogers CRSPVMF 15 15 15 15 Pinnacle Peak-Rogers ROW Agreement CRSPVMF 6,100 6,100 100 6,000 6,100 T-Line SubTotal 6,565 125 25 100 125 6,210 110

144

Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies: Detailed Coal Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Q Q U U A A L L I I T T Y Y G G U U I I D D E E L L I I N N E E S S F F O O R R E E N N E E R R G G Y Y S S Y Y S S T T E E M M S S T T U U D D I I E E S S D D e e t t a a i i l l e e d d C C o o a a l l S S p p e e c c i i f f i i c c a a t t i i o o n n s s DOE/NETL-2010/???? DOE/NETL-401/012111 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Planning and Analysis 2 January 2012 Detailed Coal Specifications Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights.

145

Developing cost curves for conserved energy in new refrigerators and freezers: Demonstration of methodology and detailed engineering results  

SciTech Connect

This paper develops and demonstrates a procedure for determining the cost of conserved energy in residential refrigerators and freezers and for ranking conservation measures according to economic feasibility and practicality. Prepared jointly by the Natural Resources Defense Council and ACEE for the Solar Energy Research Institute.

Goldstein, D.; Miller, P.; Watson, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Enabling Detailed Energy Analyses via the Technology Performance Exchange: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

One of the key tenets to increasing adoption of energy efficiency solutions in the built environment is improving confidence in energy performance. Current industry practices make extensive use of predictive modeling, often via the use of sophisticated hourly or sub-hourly energy simulation programs, to account for site-specific parameters (e.g., climate zone, hours of operation, and space type) and arrive at a performance estimate. While such methods are highly precise, they invariably provide less than ideal accuracy due to a lack of high-quality, foundational energy performance input data. The Technology Performance Exchange was constructed to allow the transparent sharing of foundational, product-specific energy performance data, and leverages significant, external engineering efforts and a modular architecture to efficiently identify and codify the minimum information necessary to accurately predict product energy performance. This strongly-typed database resource represents a novel solution to a difficult and established problem. One of the most exciting benefits is the way in which the Technology Performance Exchange's application programming interface has been leveraged to integrate contributed foundational data into the Building Component Library. Via a series of scripts, data is automatically translated and parsed into the Building Component Library in a format that is immediately usable to the energy modeling community. This paper (1) presents a high-level overview of the project drivers and the structure of the Technology Performance Exchange; (2) offers a detailed examination of how technologies are incorporated and translated into powerful energy modeling code snippets; and (3) examines several benefits of this robust workflow.

Studer, D.; Fleming, K.; Lee, E.; Livingood, W.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Category:Quantitative Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Quantitative Incentives Jump to: navigation, search Category for Quantitative Incentives. Pages in category "Quantitative Incentives" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 461 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) A Advanced Energy Tax Credit (Corporate) (New Mexico) Advanced Energy Tax Credit (Personal) (New Mexico) AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program (Ohio) AEP Ohio - Renewable Energy Technology Program (Ohio) AEP SWEPCO - SMART Source Solar PV Program (Texas) AEP Texas Central Company - SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program (Texas)

148

Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for Biodiesel Components Methyl Stearate and Methyl Oleate  

SciTech Connect

New chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms are developed for two of the five major components of biodiesel fuel, methyl stearate and methyl oleate. The mechanisms are produced using existing reaction classes and rules for reaction rates, with additional reaction classes to describe other reactions unique to methyl ester species. Mechanism capabilities were examined by computing fuel/air autoignition delay times and comparing the results with more conventional hydrocarbon fuels for which experimental results are available. Additional comparisons were carried out with measured results taken from jet-stirred reactor experiments for rapeseed methyl ester fuels. In both sets of computational tests, methyl oleate was found to be slightly less reactive than methyl stearate, and an explanation of this observation is made showing that the double bond in methyl oleate inhibits certain low temperature chain branching reaction pathways important in methyl stearate. The resulting detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism includes more approximately 3500 chemical species and more than 17,000 chemical reactions.

Naik, C; Westbrook, C K; Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Mehl, M

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

149

Appendix 3-3-The complete model formulation for detailed multiple release software product simulation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation model In this appendix the model formulations for the detailed simulation model (discussed

Rahmandad, Hazhir

150

Thermal stability of diesel fuels by quantitative gravimetric JFTOT  

SciTech Connect

The current worldwide standard test method for assessing thermal stability of jet turbine aviation fuels is the ASTM D3241 method. This method generates a visual tube deposit rating which is not quantitative, but assumes that very dark colors equate to unstable fuels. The tube rating is coded against color standards and the darkest color is usually said to fail a fuel for use in jet turbine engines/fuel systems. The method also generates a semi-quantitative filter pressure drop. The pressure drop is so semi-quantitative that it also is afforded a pass/fail criterion for fuel acceptance in jet aircraft. In 1991, we described the construction of a test device which duplicated all of the experimentally important parameters of the D3241 method but which substituted a weighable 302 stainless steel (s/s) foil strip for the bulky tube, so that direct weighing of thermal surface deposits could be made. In addition, the nominal 17 micron (dutch weave) s/s filter of the D3241 was substituted with a nylon membrane 0.8 micron filter which was also capable of direct weighing of the fuel entrained solids generated by the test. In subsequent papers, the use of this device for generating a large data base of results based on aviation fuels from many different refinery processes and many different geographic/crude sources was described. In addition this new device, dubbed the gravimetric jet fuel total oxidation tester (JFTOT) after the original ASTM D3241 device, was also used to assess quantitatively the effects of temperature, pressure, and fuel flow in addition to the effects of dissolved metals and various fuel additives. This paper describes the JFTOT test for the analysis of middle distillate diesel fuels.

Beal, E.J.; Hardy, D.R. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

151

Quantitative multiplex detection of pathogen biomarkers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention addresses the simultaneous detection and quantitative measurement of multiple biomolecules, e.g., pathogen biomarkers through either a sandwich assay approach or a lipid insertion approach. The invention can further employ a multichannel, structure with multi-sensor elements per channel.

Mukundan, Harshini; Xie, Hongzhi; Swanson, Basil I; Martinez, Jennifer; Grace, Wynne K

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

152

Applying Quantitative Marketing Techniques to the Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Blattberg and Deighton [1991] laid out a good framework for Internet marketing in their articleApplying Quantitative Marketing Techniques to the Internet by Alan L. Montgomery Carnegie Mellon with clickstream data. I illustrate these four modeling techniques and discuss their potential for solving Internet

Faloutsos, Christos

153

Digital Compressive Quantitation and Hyperspectral Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 20, 2013 ... produced using multivariate curve resolution (MCR) to pre-process mixture training spectra, thus facilitating the quantitation of mixtures even when no pure chemical component .... simulated annealing to ?nd the rotation matrix elements that ... the image registration was also performed in Matlab R2012a.

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

154

DNA DAMAGE QUANTITATION BY ALKALINE GEL ELECTROPHORESIS.  

SciTech Connect

Physical and chemical agents in the environment, those used in clinical applications, or encountered during recreational exposures to sunlight, induce damages in DNA. Understanding the biological impact of these agents requires quantitation of the levels of such damages in laboratory test systems as well as in field or clinical samples. Alkaline gel electrophoresis provides a sensitive (down to {approx} a few lesions/5Mb), rapid method of direct quantitation of a wide variety of DNA damages in nanogram quantities of non-radioactive DNAs from laboratory, field, or clinical specimens, including higher plants and animals. This method stems from velocity sedimentation studies of DNA populations, and from the simple methods of agarose gel electrophoresis. Our laboratories have developed quantitative agarose gel methods, analytical descriptions of DNA migration during electrophoresis on agarose gels (1-6), and electronic imaging for accurate determinations of DNA mass (7-9). Although all these components improve sensitivity and throughput of large numbers of samples (7,8,10), a simple version using only standard molecular biology equipment allows routine analysis of DNA damages at moderate frequencies. We present here a description of the methods, as well as a brief description of the underlying principles, required for a simplified approach to quantitation of DNA damages by alkaline gel electrophoresis.

SUTHERLAND,B.M.; BENNETT,P.V.; SUTHERLAND, J.C.

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quantitative organic vapor-particle sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A quantitative organic vapor-particle sampler for sampling semi-volatile organic gases and particulate components. A semi-volatile organic reversible gas sorbent macroreticular resin agglomerates of randomly packed microspheres with the continuous porous structure of particles ranging in size between 0.05-10 .mu.m for use in an integrated diffusion vapor-particle sampler.

Gundel, Lara (Berkeley, CA); Daisey, Joan M. (Walnut Creek, CA); Stevens, Robert K. (Cary, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Contact Details of Local Forestry Commission and DARDNI Plant Health Inspectors at Points of Entry UK Principle Ports Inspector Contact Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UK Principle Ports Inspector Contact Details Grangemouth, Greenock, Inverkeithing, Inverness, Leith, Barry, Port Talbot, Swansea, Neath, Newport, Bristol(Avonmouth), Sharpness Sid Martin Tel/Fax: 01792

157

Microsoft Word - NPH Workshop with Detailed Summary.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop October 25-26, 2011 Location: Cloverleaf Building, Germantown, Maryland, Room 1300 Tuesday, October 25 7:30 a.m. Registration; coffee and bagels will be served 8:00 a.m. Welcome and introductions 8:10 a.m. Workshop Overview - Chip Lagdon, CNS Theme 1: Soil-structure interaction issues 8:30 a.m. SASSI Subtraction Method Effects at Various DOE Projects Greg Mertz, Michael Costantino, Thomas Houston, and Andrew Maham 9:00 a.m. Application of the Computer Program SASSI for Seismic SSI Analysis for DOE Facilities Farhang Ostadan and Raman Venkata 9:30 a.m. BREAK 9:45 a.m. SASSI Analytical Methods Compared with SHAKE Free-Field Results Dennis Niehoff, Jayprakash Amin, Shawn Carey, and J. Bhatt 10:15 a.m. Structure Soil Structure Interaction Effects: Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related

158

Quantitative Assessment of Robot-generated Maps  

SciTech Connect

Mobile robotic mapping is now considered to be a sufficiently mature field with demonstrated successes in various domains. While much progress has been made in the development of computationally efficient and consistent mapping schemes, it is still murky, at best, on how these maps can be evaluated. We are motivated by the absence of an accepted standard for quantitatively measuring the performance of robotic mapping systems against user-defined requirements. It is our belief that the development of standardized methods for quantitatively evaluating existing robotic technologies will improve the utility of mobile robots in already established application areas, such as vacuum cleaning, robot surveillance, and bomb disposal. This approach will also enable the proliferation and acceptance of such technologies in emerging markets. This chapter summarizes our preliminary efforts by bringing together the research community towards addressing this important problem which has ramifications not only from researchers perspective but also from consumers, robot manufacturers, and developers viewpoints.

Scrapper, Chris [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Madhavan, Raj [ORNL; Lakaemper, Rolf [Temple University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation is forecast to increase substantially to combat growing food insecurity. Despite this, there is little quantitative information on groundwater resources in Africa, and groundwater storage is consequently omitted from assessments of freshwater availability. Here we present the first quantitative continent-wide maps of aquifer storage and potential borehole yields in Africa based on an extensive review of available maps, publications and data. We estimate total groundwater storage in Africa to be 0.66 million km3 (0.36–1.75 million km3). Not all of this groundwater storage is available for abstraction, but the estimated volume is more than 100 times estimates of annual renewable freshwater resources on Africa. Groundwater resources are unevenly distributed: the largest groundwater volumes are found in the large sedimentary aquifers in the North African countries Libya, Algeria, Egypt and Sudan. Nevertheless, for many African countries appropriately sited and constructed boreholes can support handpump abstraction (yields of 0.1–0.3 l s?1), and contain sufficient storage to sustain abstraction through inter-annual variations in recharge. The maps show further that the potential for higher yielding boreholes ( > 5 l s?1) is much more limited. Therefore, strategies for increasing irrigation or supplying water to rapidly urbanizing cities that are predicated on the widespread drilling of high yielding boreholes are likely to be unsuccessful. As groundwater is the largest and most widely distributed store of freshwater in Africa, the quantitative maps are intended to lead to more realistic assessments of water security and water stress, and to promote a more quantitative approach to mapping of groundwater resources at national and regional level.

A M MacDonald; H C Bonsor; B É Ó Dochartaigh; R G Taylor

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for the quantitative determination of atmospheric hydroperoxyl radical comprising: (a) contacting a liquid phase atmospheric sample with a chemiluminescent compound which luminesces on contact with hydroperoxyl radical; (b) determining luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample; and (c) comparing said luminescence intensity from the liquid phase atmospheric sample to a standard luminescence intensity for hydroperoxyl radical. An apparatus for automating the method is also included.

Springston, Stephen R. (Upton, NY); Lloyd, Judith (Westbury, NY); Zheng, Jun (Stony Brook, NY)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Developing Standard Logic for a Detailed Engineering Project Schedule in the Process Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning Meeting (IPPM) for a standard detailed engineering project in the process industry will be used to develop scheduling logic for use in developing detail engineering project schedules. However, because the IPPM does not clearly distinguish...

Miller-Karns, Kara A.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy EconoGrid is a detailed simulation model, implemented in SLX1 , of a grid compute economy that implements selected

163

Quantitatively Probing the Al Distribution in Zeolites  

SciTech Connect

The degree of substitution of Si4+ by Al3+ in the oxygen-terminated tetrahedra (Al T-sites) of zeolites determines the concentration of ion-exchange and Brønsted acid sites. As the location of the tetrahedra and the associated subtle variations in bond angles influence the acid strength, quantitative information about Al T-sites in the framework is critical to rationalize catalytic properties and to design new catalysts. A quantitative analysis is reported that uses a combination of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis and 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy supported by DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations. To discriminate individual Al atoms, sets of ab initio EXAFS spectra for various T-sites are generated from DFT-based molecular dynamics simulations allowing quantitative treatment of the EXAFS single- and multiple-photoelectron scattering processes out to 3-4 atom shells surrounding the Al absorption center. It is observed that identical zeolite types show dramatically different Al-distributions. A preference of Al for T-sites that are part of one or more 4-member rings in the framework over those T-sites that are part of only 5- and 6-member rings in the HBEA150 sample has been determined from a combination of these methods. This work was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences.

Vjunov, Aleksei; Fulton, John L.; Huthwelker, Thomas; Pin, Sonia; Mei, Donghai; Schenter, Gregory K.; Govind, Niranjan; Camaioni, Donald M.; Hu, Jian Z.; Lercher, Johannes A.

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

164

Optimizing a physical security configuration using a highly detailed simulation model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing a physical security configuration using a highly detailed simulation model Marechal, T. Email: tommarechal@hotmail.com Abstract This chapter focuses on using a highly detailed simulation model. In this chapter describes the use of a highly detailed simulation model to find a superior security configuration

Smith, Alice E.

165

A DETAILED COMPARISON BETWEEN THE OBSERVED AND SYNTHESIZED PROPERTIES OF A SIMULATED TYPE II SPICULE  

SciTech Connect

We have performed a three-dimensional radiative MHD simulation of the solar atmosphere. This simulation shows a jet-like feature that shows similarities to the type II spicules observed for the first time with Hinode's Solar Optical Telescope. Rapid blueshifted events (RBEs) on the solar disk are associated with these spicules. Observational results suggest they may contribute significantly in supplying the corona with hot plasma. We perform a detailed comparison of the properties of the simulated jet with those of type II spicules (observed with Hinode) and RBEs (with ground-based instruments). We analyze a wide variety of synthetic emission and absorption lines from the simulations including chromospheric (Ca II 8542 A, Ca II H, and H{alpha}) to transition region and coronal temperatures (10,000 K to several million K). We compare their synthetic intensities, line profiles, Doppler shifts, line widths, and asymmetries with observations from Hinode/SOT and EIS, SOHO/SUMER, the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope, and SDO/AIA. Many properties of the synthetic observables resemble the observations, and we describe in detail the physical processes that lead to these observables. Detailed analysis of the synthetic observables provides insight into how observations should be analyzed to derive information about physical variables in such a dynamic event. For example, we find that line-of-sight superposition in the optically thin atmosphere requires the combination of Doppler shifts and spectral line asymmetry to determine the velocity in the jet. In our simulated type II spicule, the lifetime of the asymmetry of the transition region lines is shorter than that of the coronal lines. Other properties differ from the observations, especially in the chromospheric lines. The mass density of the part of the spicule with a chromospheric temperature is too low to produce significant opacity in chromospheric lines. The synthetic Ca II 8542 A and H{alpha} profiles therefore do not show signal resembling RBEs. These and other discrepancies are described in detail, and we discuss which mechanisms and physical processes may need to be included in the MHD simulations to mimic the thermodynamic processes of the chromosphere and corona, in particular to reproduce type II spicules.

Martinez-Sykora, Juan; De Pontieu, Bart; Pereira, Tiago M. D.; Stern, Julie V. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Leenaarts, Jorrit; Carlsson, Mats; Hansteen, Viggo; Van der Voort, Luc Rouppe [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Tian Hui [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); McIntosh, Scott W., E-mail: j.m.sykora@astro.uio.no [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The effects of shared peptides on protein quantitation in label...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The effects of shared peptides on protein quantitation in label-free proteomics by LCMSMS . The effects of shared peptides on protein quantitation in label-free proteomics by LC...

167

Vapor space characterization of waste Tank 241-U-103: Results from samples collected on 2/15/95  

SciTech Connect

This report describes inorganic and organic analyses results from samples obtained from the headspace of the Hanford waste storage Tank 241-U-103 (referred to as Tank U-103). The results described her were obtained to support safety and toxicological evaluations. A summary of the results for inorganic and organic analytes is listed in Table 1. Detailed descriptions of the results appear in the text. Quantitative results were obtained for the inorganic compounds ammonia (NH{sub 3}), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}), nitric oxide (NO), and water vapor (H{sub 2}O). Sampling for hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}) was not requested. In addition, quantitative results were obtained for the 39 TO-14 compounds plus an additional 14 analytes. Of these, 11 were observed above the 5-ppbv reporting cutoff. Eleven tentatively identified compounds (TICs) were observed above the reporting cutoff of (ca.) 10 ppbv and are reported with concentrations that are semiquantitative estimates based on internal-standard response factors. The 10 organic analytes with the highest estimated concentrations are listed in Table 1 and account for approximately 90% of the total organic components in Tank U-103. Two permanent gases, hydrogen (H{sub 2}) and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), were also detected. Tank U-103 is on the Hydrogen Watch List.

Ligotke, M.W.; Pool, K.H.; Clauss, T.W.; McVeety, B.D.; Klinger, G.S.; Olsen, K.B.; Bredt, O.P.; Fruchter, J.S.; Goheen, S.C.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

THE SAP3 COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR QUANTITATIVE MULTIELEMENT ANALYSIS BY ENERGY DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE  

SciTech Connect

SAP3 is a dual-function FORTRAN computer program which performs peak analysis of energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectra and then quantitatively interprets the results of the multielement analysis. It was written for mono- or bi-chromatic excitation as from an isotopic or secondary excitation source, and uses the separate incoherent and coherent backscatter intensities to define the bulk sample matrix composition. This composition is used in performing fundamental-parameter matrix corrections for self-absorption, enhancement, and particle-size effects, obviating the need for specific calibrations for a given sample matrix. The generalized calibration is based on a set of thin-film sensitivities, which are stored in a library disk file and used for all sample matrices and thicknesses. Peak overlap factors are also determined from the thin-film standards, and are stored in the library for calculating peak overlap corrections. A detailed description is given of the algorithms and program logic, and the program listing and flow charts are also provided. An auxiliary program, SPCAL, is also given for use in calibrating the backscatter intensities. SAP3 provides numerous analysis options via seventeen control switches which give flexibility in performing the calculations best suited to the sample and the user needs. User input may be limited to the name of the library, the analysis livetime, and the spectrum filename and location. Output includes all peak analysis information, matrix correction factors, and element concentrations, uncertainties and detection limits. Twenty-four elements are typically determined from a 1024-channel spectrum in one-to-two minutes using a PDP-11/34 computer operating under RSX-11M.

Nielson,, K. K.; Sanders,, R. W.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Validation of detailed thermal hydraulic models used for LMR safety and for improvement of technical specifications  

SciTech Connect

Detailed steady-state and transient coolant temperatures and flow rates from an operating reactor have been used to validate the multiple pin model in the SASSYS-1 liquid metal reactor systems analysis code. This multiple pin capability can be used for explicit calculations of axial and lateral temperature distributions within individual subassemblies. Thermocouples at a number of axial locations and in a number of different coolant sub-channels m the XXO9 instrumented subassembly in the EBR-II reactor provided temperature data from the Shutdown Heat Removal Test (SHRT) series. Flow meter data for XXO9 and for the overall system are also available from these tests. Results of consistent SASSYS-1 multiple pin analyses for both the SHRT-45 loss-of-flow-without-scram-test and the S14RT-17 protected loss-of-flow test agree well with the experimental data, providing validation of the SASSYS-1 code over a wide range of conditions.

Dunn, F.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

RISK ANALYSIS AND QUANTITATIVE RISK MANAGEMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Risk analysis is a decision-oriented process consisting of risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication. Risk analysis is a formalized scientifically based approach recognized by the World Trade Organization as the tool to address food safety issues and which shall found food safety regulation. Risk analysis is designed to meet specified goals for risk management activities, which should be related to the acceptable level of protection deemed appropriate in a country. Quantitative risk management can be based on relevant risk-based metrics, such as food safety objectives and Performance Objectives. The article addresses the elements and steps involved in risk analysis as currently recommended.

C. Heggum

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

A quantitative method for measuring the quality of history matches  

SciTech Connect

History matching can be an efficient tool for reservoir characterization. A {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} history matching job can generate reliable reservoir parameters. However, reservoir engineers are often frustrated when they try to select a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} match from a series of history matching runs. Without a quantitative measurement, it is always difficult to tell the difference between a {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} and a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} matches. For this reason, we need a quantitative method for testing the quality of matches. This paper presents a method for such a purpose. The method uses three statistical indices to (1) test shape conformity, (2) examine bias errors, and (3) measure magnitude of deviation. The shape conformity test insures that the shape of a simulated curve matches that of a historical curve. Examining bias errors assures that model reservoir parameters have been calibrated to that of a real reservoir. Measuring the magnitude of deviation assures that the difference between the model and the real reservoir parameters is minimized. The method was first tested on a hypothetical model and then applied to published field studies. The results showed that the method can efficiently measure the quality of matches. It also showed that the method can serve as a diagnostic tool for calibrating reservoir parameters during history matching.

Shaw, T.S. [Kerr-McGee Corp., Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Knapp, R.M. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Expressiveness and Closure Properties for Quantitative Languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weighted automata are nondeterministic automata with numerical weights on transitions. They can define quantitative languages~$L$ that assign to each word~$w$ a real number~$L(w)$. In the case of infinite words, the value of a run is naturally computed as the maximum, limsup, liminf, limit-average, or discounted-sum of the transition weights. The value of a word $w$ is the supremum of the values of the runs over $w$. We study expressiveness and closure questions about these quantitative languages. We first show that the set of words with value greater than a threshold can be non-$\\omega$-regular for deterministic limit-average and discounted-sum automata, while this set is always $\\omega$-regular when the threshold is isolated (i.e., some neighborhood around the threshold contains no word). In the latter case, we prove that the $\\omega$-regular language is robust against small perturbations of the transition weights. We next consider automata with transition weights $0$ or $1$ and show that they are as expres...

Chatterjee, Krishnendu; Henzinger, Thomas A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Results From a Transparent Open-Core Downdraft Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A transparent quartz reactor has allowed observations on the process of gasification of biomass within an open-core gasifier. This has enabled the individual stages in ... and quantitatively described. Results ac...

J. B. Milligan; G. D. Evans…

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details February 4, 2011 - 1:30pm Addthis Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details. | Department of Energy Photo | Courtesy of National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Public Domain | Sec. Chu Announces More 'SunShot' Details. | Department of Energy Photo | Courtesy of National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Public Domain | Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? The SunShot initiative will bring the cost of solar energy down by about 75 percent, making it cost competitive with fossil fuels, like coal, by the end of the decade. Visit the SunShot website for more information. Today, Secretary Chu announced more details of the Department's

175

Microsoft Word - Appendix I - Additional Field Implementation Detail for Selected Monitoring.docx  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

I I Additional Field Implementation Detail for Selected Monitoring Objectives This page intentionally left blank LMS/RFS/S08202-1.0 Rocky Flats Site, Colorado Additional Field Implementation Detail for Selected Monitoring Objectives July 2013 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Additional Field Implementation Detail for Selected Monitoring Objectives July 2013 Doc. No. S08202-1.0 Page i Contents Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1 2.0 Investigative Monitoring ........................................................................................................2

176

Characterization and analysis methods for the examination of the heterogeneous solid oxide fuel cell electrode microstructure: Part 2. Quantitative measurement of the microstructure and contributions to transport losses  

SciTech Connect

Advanced characterization and analysis of multifunctional materials, such as the materials found in heterogeneous solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrode architectures, can help to provide a qualitative and quantitative understanding of how these structures respond to different manufacturing and operating practices. Dense, opaque materials, which have large X-ray mass absorption coefficients and features on sub-micrometer length scales, can make characterization difficult. Advances in tomographic X-ray imaging can permit this level of detailed characterization, and complement stereographic scanning electron microscope measurements that have also been reported. In this second part of a two-part study, details regarding quantitative characterization methods that have been used to examine the SOFC anode microstructure are reported. The detailed formulation and validation of a phase size distributions for the three constitutive phases, as well as resistive loss microstructure-induced resistive loss distributions in the nickel (Ni) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) phases are provided in this section.

Grew, Kyle N.; Peracchio, Aldo A.; Chiu, W. K. S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Guidance for Filling Out a Detailed H2A Production Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slides from the EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Guidance for Filling Out a Detailed H2A Production Case Study, held July 9, 2013.

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomically detailed mri-derived Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(e.g. grey matter). Small details Source: Duncan, James S. - Departments of Diagnostic Radiology & Electrical Engineering, Yale University Collection: Biology and Medicine Page:...

179

Webinar: Guidance for Filling Out a Detailed H2A Production Case Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording and text version of the webinar titled, Guidance for Filling Out a Detailed H2A Production Case Study, originally presented on July 9, 2013.

180

Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Impact Assessment of Abiotic Resources in LCA: Quantitative Comparison of Selected Characterization Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact Assessment of Abiotic Resources in LCA: Quantitative Comparison of Selected Characterization Models ... Resources have received significant attention in recent years resulting in development of a wide range of resource depletion indicators within life cycle assessment (LCA). ... Finally, we classify the existing methods into three groups, according to method focus and modeling approach, to aid method selection within LCA. ...

Jakob T. Rørbech; Carl Vadenbo; Stefanie Hellweg; Thomas F. Astrup

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

182

ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 Preliminary Determination: Quantitative Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a preliminary quantitative analysis to assess whether buildings constructed according to the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 would result in energy savings compared with buildings constructed to ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010.

Halverson, Mark A.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Athalye, Rahul A.; Xie, YuLong; Hart, Reid; Goel, Supriya

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A detailed MILP optimization model for combined cooling, heat and power system operation planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A detailed optimization model is presented for planning the short-term operation of combined cooling, heat and power (CCHP) energy systems. The purpose is, given the design of a cogeneration system, to determine an operating schedule that minimizes the total operating and maintenance costs minus the revenue due to the electricity sold to the grid, while taking into account time-varying loads, tariffs and ambient conditions. The model considers the simultaneous use of different prime movers (generating electricity and heat), boilers, compression heat pumps and chillers, and absorption chillers to satisfy given electricity, heat and cooling demands. Heat and cooling load can be stored in storage tanks. Units can have one or two operative variables, highly nonlinear performance curves describing their off-design behavior, and limitations or penalizations affecting their start-up/shut-down operations. To exploit the effectiveness of state-of-the-art Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP) solvers, the resulting Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) model is converted into a MILP by appropriate piecewise linear approximation of the nonlinear performance curves. The model, written in the AMPL modeling language, has been tested on several plant test cases. The computational results are discussed in terms of the quality of the solutions, the linearization accuracy and the computational time.

Aldo Bischi; Leonardo Taccari; Emanuele Martelli; Edoardo Amaldi; Giampaolo Manzolini; Paolo Silva; Stefano Campanari; Ennio Macchi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Quantitative Risk reduction estimation Tool For Control Systems, Suggested Approach and Research Needs  

SciTech Connect

For the past year we have applied a variety of risk assessment technologies to evaluate the risk to critical infrastructure from cyber attacks on control systems. More recently, we identified the need for a stand alone control system risk reduction estimation tool to provide owners and operators of control systems with a more useable, reliable, and credible method for managing the risks from cyber attack. Risk is defined as the probability of a successful attack times the value of the resulting loss, typically measured in lives and dollars. Qualitative and ad hoc techniques for measuring risk do not provide sufficient support for cost benefit analyses associated with cyber security mitigation actions. To address the need for better quantitative risk reduction models we surveyed previous quantitative risk assessment research; evaluated currently available tools; developed new quantitative techniques [17] [18]; implemented a prototype analysis tool to demonstrate how such a tool might be used; used the prototype to test a variety of underlying risk calculational engines (e.g. attack tree, attack graph); and identified technical and research needs. We concluded that significant gaps still exist and difficult research problems remain for quantitatively assessing the risk to control system components and networks, but that a useable quantitative risk reduction estimation tool is not beyond reach.

Miles McQueen; Wayne Boyer; Mark Flynn; Sam Alessi

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

An experimental and detailed chemical kinetic modelling study of 2methyl furan oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

platform chemical 5hydroxymethylfurfural now a possibility [4], [5], [6] and [7]. 25DMF offers significantAn experimental and detailed chemical kinetic modelling study of 2methyl furan oxidation.55­1.65, initial temperatures of 298­398 K and atmospheric pressure. A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Range-separated density-functional theory with random phase approximation: Detailed formalism and illustrative applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Range-separated density-functional theory with random phase approximation: Detailed formalism-body theory, we present the details of a formally exact adiabatic-connection fluctuation-dissipation density-functional´an, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 096404 (2009). Range-separated density-functional theory approaches combining

Boyer, Edmond

187

New study details glacier ice loss following ice shelf July 25, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Ted #12;Scambos of the NSIDC produced detailed ice loss maps from 2001 to 2009 for the main tributaryNew study details glacier ice loss following ice shelf collapse July 25, 2011 Contact: Anthony Lane UMBC (410) 455-5793 alane@umbc.edu Katherine Leitzell National Snow and Ice Data Center University

Cambridge, University of

188

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable. It seeks to provide leadership in understanding scientific, economic, and ecological aspects://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle

189

Evaluation of Location-Specific Predictions by a Detailed Simulation Model of Aedes aegypti Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Location-Specific Predictions by a Detailed Simulation Model of Aedes aegypti Buster is a stochastic, spatially explicit simulation model of Aedes aegypti populations, designed of Location-Specific Predictions by a Detailed Simulation Model of Aedes aegypti Populations. PLoS ONE 6(7): e

Lloyd, Alun

190

Excerpts from the Faculty Handbook Chapter 6 (Please see the Faculty Handbook for more detail)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excerpts from the Faculty Handbook ­ Chapter 6 (Please see the Faculty Handbook for more detail to and approved by the employee's immediate supervisor and the outside employment does not interfere the Colorado State Employees Handbook (Please see the Colorado State Employees Handbook for more detail

191

Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of the Co-Benefits Approach to Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of the Co-Benefits Approach to Climate Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of the Co-Benefits Approach to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary Name: Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of the Co-Benefits Approach to Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Ministry of Environment, Japan Sector: Climate, Energy User Interface: Other Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Cost: Free Related Tools Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects SEAGA Intermediate Level Handbook ... further results Manual that addresses the co-benefits approach to climate change; by

192

ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 Final Determination Quantitative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2010 Final Determination Quantitative 2010 Final Determination Quantitative Analysis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted a final quantitative analysis to assess whether buildings constructed according to the requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 would result in energy savings compared with buildings constructed to ASHRAE Standard 90.1- 2007. The final analysis considered each of the 109 addenda to ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 that were included in ASHRAE Standard 90.1- 2010. All 109 addenda processed by ASHRAE in the creation of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 from ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 were reviewed by DOE, and their combined impact on a suite of 16 building prototype models in 15 ASHRAE climate zones was considered. Most addenda were deemed to have little quantifiable impact on building efficiency for

193

Search Results Quadrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1arr.lasso[3/10/12 2:57:33 PM] 1arr.lasso[3/10/12 2:57:33 PM] Search Results Quadrats Public Quadrats Data collected by the public with the guidance of docents. Click the Quadrat Id to view more details about that record. Quadrat Id School Teacher Prairie Plot 4940 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4941 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4942 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4946 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4947 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4948 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4949 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4950 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B Database Maintainer: prairie-data@fnal.gov Web Maintainer: ed-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Updated: February 18, 2011 http://eddata.fnal.gov/lasso/quadrats/s-searchresults-quadrat.lasso

194

Quantitative genetic activity graphical profiles for use in chemical evaluation  

SciTech Connect

A graphic approach, terms a Genetic Activity Profile (GAP), was developed to display a matrix of data on the genetic and related effects of selected chemical agents. The profiles provide a visual overview of the quantitative (doses) and qualitative (test results) data for each chemical. Either the lowest effective dose or highest ineffective dose is recorded for each agent and bioassay. Up to 200 different test systems are represented across the GAP. Bioassay systems are organized according to the phylogeny of the test organisms and the end points of genetic activity. The methodology for producing and evaluating genetic activity profile was developed in collaboration with the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Data on individual chemicals were compiles by IARC and by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Data are available on 343 compounds selected from volumes 1-53 of the IARC Monographs and on 115 compounds identified as Superfund Priority Substances. Software to display the GAPs on an IBM-compatible personal computer is available from the authors. Structurally similar compounds frequently display qualitatively and quantitatively similar profiles of genetic activity. Through examination of the patterns of GAPs of pairs and groups of chemicals, it is possible to make more informed decisions regarding the selection of test batteries to be used in evaluation of chemical analogs. GAPs provided useful data for development of weight-of-evidence hazard ranking schemes. Also, some knowledge of the potential genetic activity of complex environmental mixtures may be gained from an assessment of the genetic activity profiles of component chemicals. The fundamental techniques and computer programs devised for the GAP database may be used to develop similar databases in other disciplines. 36 refs., 2 figs.

Waters, M.D. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States); Stack, H.F.; Garrett, N.E.; Jackson, M.A. [Environmental Health Research and Testing, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

195

Air heating of passive houses in cold climates: Investigation using detailed dynamic simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The passive house (PH) standard was originally defined for Central Europe and has subsequently been applied to many cold climate countries. In these conditions, the relation between this standard and the air heating (AH) is not clear while both concepts are usually associated. Furthermore, the AH provides a way to simplify the space-heating distribution system. The present contribution investigates the feasibility of the AH concept in PH along with its challenges in terms of thermal dynamics: the magnitude of the AH temperature needed, the temperature difference between rooms, the impact of internal gains, the influence of thermal losses from ventilation ducts and the AH control. This is performed using detailed dynamic simulations (TRNSYS) on a typical detached house typology. Practically, four cold climate zones are considered as well as different insulation levels and construction materials. Results show limitations related to a centralized AH as well as provide guidelines for a consistent AH design in cold climates. In addition, a simple analytical method used for the design of German PH is tested and proved accurate enough to estimate the maximal AH temperature during the heating season.

Laurent Georges; Monica Berner; Hans Martin Mathisen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Technical details regarding the design, the construction and the operation of seawater pumped storage systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents important technical details for the design, construction and operation of seawater pumped storage systems (S-PSS). S-PSS co-operating with wind parks, features as the most promising technology towards maximizing Renewable Energy penetration in insular systems with low annual rainfalls. This article summarises the fundamental points of integrated studies of S-PSS, from the feasibility study to the precise positioning of the systems' components and the selection of the main equipment. Special issues regarding the use of seawater from the PSS (pumped storage system), such as the use of materials for the construction of the penstock, the construction of the upper reservoir, placing the pump station and the hydro power plant on the coast and the selection of pump and hydro-turbine models are presented thoroughly. Indicative results are presented from two S-PSS of small and medium size. The study proves that current technology enables the secure use of seawater in PSS. The electricity surplus from Wind Powered Pumped Storage Systems (WP-PSS) can also be exploited in reverse osmosis desalination plants for producing potable water. Seawater can be pumped directly from the sea, thus construction of a lower reservoir is avoided, compensating higher costs arising from the use of corrosion-resistant materials for certain components.

Dimitris Al. Katsaprakakis; Dimitris G. Christakis; Ioannis Stefanakis; Petros Spanos; Nikos Stefanakis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Hydrogen quantitative risk assessment workshop proceedings.  

SciTech Connect

The Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) Toolkit Introduction Workshop was held at Energetics on June 11-12. The workshop was co-hosted by Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and HySafe, the International Association for Hydrogen Safety. The objective of the workshop was twofold: (1) Present a hydrogen-specific methodology and toolkit (currently under development) for conducting QRA to support the development of codes and standards and safety assessments of hydrogen-fueled vehicles and fueling stations, and (2) Obtain feedback on the needs of early-stage users (hydrogen as well as potential leveraging for Compressed Natural Gas [CNG], and Liquefied Natural Gas [LNG]) and set priorities for %E2%80%9CVersion 1%E2%80%9D of the toolkit in the context of the commercial evolution of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). The workshop consisted of an introduction and three technical sessions: Risk Informed Development and Approach; CNG/LNG Applications; and Introduction of a Hydrogen Specific QRA Toolkit.

Groth, Katrina M.; Harris, Aaron P.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Quantitative infrared analysis of hydrogen fluoride  

SciTech Connect

This work was performed at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant where hydrogen fluoride is produced upon the hydrolysis of UF{sub 6}. This poses a problem for in this setting and a method for determining the mole percent concentration was desired. HF has been considered to be a non-ideal gas for many years. D. F. Smith utilized complex equations in his HF studies in the 1950s. We have evaluated HF behavior as a function of pressure from three different perspectives. (1) Absorbance at 3877 cm{sup -1} as a function of pressure for 100% HF. (2) Absorbance at 3877 cm{sup -1} as a function of increasing partial pressure HF. Total pressure = 300 mm HgA maintained with nitrogen. (3) Absorbance at 3877 cm{sup -1} for constant partial pressure HF. Total pressure is increased to greater than 800 mm HgA with nitrogen. These experiments have shown that at partial pressures up to 35mm HgA, HIF follows the ideal gas law. The absorbance at 3877 cm{sup -1} can be quantitatively analyzed via infrared methods.

Manuta, D.M.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

ALCC Application Details | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Details Application Details Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) ALCC Application Details ALCC Past Awards Frequently Asked Questions Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building

200

Course Information Document MSc Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Course Information Document 2013/14 MSc Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation, Veterinary and Life Sciences Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine #12;2 MSc/PgD Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation & Epidemiology Animal Welfare Science, Ethics & Law TABLE

Guo, Zaoyang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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201

Catch-and-Release Reagents for Broadscale Quantitative Proteomics Analyses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we demonstrate the stability of the linker under two different reducing conditions and show how this “catch-and-release (CAR)” reagent can be used to quantitatively compare protein abundances from two distinct cellular lysates. ... Of 1620 protein identifications for which quantitative data was recorded, 1396 mapped to biological processes according to the PANTHER classification system (https://panther.appliedbiosystems.com). ...

Carlos A. Gartner; Joshua E. Elias; Corey E. Bakalarski; Steven P. Gygi

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

202

Detailed study of nuclear fusion from femtosecond laser-driven explosions of deuterium clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed study of nuclear fusion from femtosecond laser-driven explosions of deuterium clusters J that these clusters can explode with sufficient kinetic energy to drive nuclear fusion. Irradiating deuterium clusters

Ditmire, Todd

203

Fracture mechanics analysis on the resistance of welded details under variable amplitude long life loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fracture mechanics approach has been used to analyze the behavior of fatigue resistance of welded details existing in highway steel bridges under variable amplitude long life loading which means most of the stress ranges will be below constant...

Zhou, Minjian

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A brief overview of some historical details of the city of Oak...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 As we continue looking at some details of the history of the city of Oak Ridge, one resource stands out, A City is Born, A History of the Oak Ridge Community Operations. That...

205

INITIATIVE MOBILE APPS DEVELOPMENT Description and details about the program or initiative that is being proposed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INITIATIVE ­ MOBILE APPS DEVELOPMENT Description and details about the program or initiative using mobile technologies. Adoption of these technologies will allow UWM to communicate with students university vision? What guiding values are applied? Access: Mobile technologies provide more options

Saldin, Dilano

206

Detailed mining study phase 3: Saba Yoi lignite deposit. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by John T. Boyd Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. The report presents Phase 3 of the feasibility study conducted for the development of the Saba Yoi Coal Mine. The study focuses on technical issues related to the development of the project including geological data and detailed mine development and scheduling. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) General Statement; (2) Summarized Findings; (3) Background; (4) Geology and Resources; (5) Geotechnical/Hydrogeological; (6) Detailed Mine Development; (7) Detailed Mine Production Scheduling; (8) Detailed Mine Analysis; (9) Mine Development and Facilities; (10) Mine Labor and Wages; and (11) Project Economics.

NONE

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Proof Details for "Performance Analysis of Godard-Based Blind Channel Identification"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Proof Details for "Performance Analysis of Godard-Based Blind Channel Identification" Philip) The bulk of the proof is spent analyzing the righthand term above. E ^^h(0) i - ^h(0) i 2 2 = E ^^h(0) i 2

Schniter, Philip

208

A Detailed Multi-Zone Thermodynamic Simulation For Direct-Injection Diesel Engine Combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed multi-zone thermodynamic simulation has been developed for the direct-injection (DI) diesel engine combustion process. For the purpose of predicting heterogeneous type combustion systems, the model explores the formation of pre...

Xue, Xingyu 1985-

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed characterization of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elucidating secondary organic aerosol from diesel and gasoline vehicles through detailed 19, 2012 (received for review July 22, 2012) Emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles composition, mass distribu- tion, and organic aerosol formation potential of emissions from gasoline

Silver, Whendee

210

CBECS 1989 - Energy End-use Intensities in Commercial Buildings -- Detailed  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Publication > Detailed Tables Publication > Detailed Tables 1989 Energy End-Use Intensities Detailed Tables Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Energy End Uses Ranked by Energy Consumption, 1989 Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A through F of the 1989 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Table Organization The following 13 tables present detailed energy end-use consumption data from the 1989 CBECS. Summary tables for all major fuels (electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat) appear first, followed by separate tables for each of the four major fuels. Within each energy sourceÂ’s group of tables, there is a table showing end-use consumption, a table showing end-use intensities (consumption per square foot), and a table (except for fuel oil and district heat) showing the end-use shares of total consumption.

211

10 Questions for a Quantitative Geneticist: Wellington Muchero | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quantitative Geneticist: Wellington Muchero Quantitative Geneticist: Wellington Muchero 10 Questions for a Quantitative Geneticist: Wellington Muchero July 1, 2013 - 11:15am Addthis Wellington Muchero is a quantitative geneticist at the Bioenergy Science Center in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. | Photo by Jason Richards, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Wellington Muchero is a quantitative geneticist at the Bioenergy Science Center in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. | Photo by Jason Richards, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. On what led him to a career in science, Wellington Muchero says, "As soon as I got a part-time job in a plant molecular biology lab as a college student, I realized there was no turning back." | Photo courtesy of Wellington Muchero. On what led him to a career in science, Wellington Muchero says, "As soon

212

A quantitative measure for protein conformational heterogeneity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conformational heterogeneity is a defining characteristic of proteins. Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and denatured state ensembles are extreme manifestations of this heterogeneity. Inferences regarding globule versus coil formation can be drawn from analysis of polymeric properties such as average size shape and density fluctuations. Here we introduce a new parameter to quantify the degree of conformational heterogeneity within an ensemble to complement polymeric descriptors. The design of this parameter is guided by the need to distinguish between systems that couple their unfolding-folding transitions with coil-to-globule transitions and those systems that undergo coil-to-globule transitions with no evidence of acquiring a homogeneous ensemble of conformations upon collapse. The approach is as follows: Each conformation in an ensemble is converted into a conformational vector where the elements are inter-residue distances. Similarity between pairs of conformations is quantified using the projection between the corresponding conformational vectors. An ensemble of conformations yields a distribution of pairwise projections which is converted into a distribution of pairwise conformational dissimilarities. The first moment of this dissimilarity distribution is normalized against the first moment of the distribution obtained by comparing conformations from the ensemble of interest to conformations drawn from a Flory random coil model. The latter sets an upper bound on conformational heterogeneity thus ensuring that the proposed measure for intra-ensemble heterogeneity is properly calibrated and can be used to compare ensembles for different sequences and across different temperatures. The new measure of conformational heterogeneity will be useful in quantitative studies of coupled folding and binding of IDPs and in de novo sequence design efforts that are geared toward controlling the degree of heterogeneity in unbound forms of IDPs.

Rohit V. Pappu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Vapor space characterization of waste Tank 241-BY-106 (in situ): Results from samples collected on 5/4/94 and 5/5/94  

SciTech Connect

This report describes inorganic and organic analyses results from in situ samples obtained from the headspace of the Hanford waste storage Tank 241-BY-106 (referred to as Tank BY-106). The results described here were obtained to support safety and toxicological evaluations. A summary of the results for inorganic and organic analytes is listed in Table 1. Detailed descriptions of the results appear in the text. Quantitative results were obtained for the inorganic compounds NH{sub 3}, NO{sub 2}, NO, HCN, and H{sub 2}O. Sampling for sulfur oxides was not requested. Organic compounds were also quantitatively determined. Twenty-three organic tentatively identified compounds (TICS) were observed above the detection limit of (ca.) 10 ppbv, but standards for most of these were not available at the time of analysis, and the reported concentrations are semiquantitative estimates. In addition, the authors looked for the 41 standard TO-14 analytes. Of these, only a few were observed above the 2-ppbv detection limit. The 10 organic analytes with the highest estimated concentrations are listed in Table 1. The 10 analytes account for approximately 64% of the total organic components in Tank BY-106. Tank BY-106 is on the Ferrocyanide Watch List.

Clauss, T.W.; Ligotke, M.W.; Pool, K.H.; Lucke, R.B.; McVeety, B.D.; Sharma, A.K.; McCulloch, M.; Fruchter, J.S.; Goheen, S.C.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Quantitative cone-beam CT imaging in radiation therapy using planning CT as a prior: First patient studies  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Quantitative cone-beam CT (CBCT) imaging is on increasing demand for high-performance image guided radiation therapy (IGRT). However, the current CBCT has poor image qualities mainly due to scatter contamination. Its current clinical application is therefore limited to patient setup based on only bony structures. To improve CBCT imaging for quantitative use, we recently proposed a correction method using planning CT (pCT) as the prior knowledge. Promising phantom results have been obtained on a tabletop CBCT system, using a correction scheme with rigid registration and without iterations. More challenges arise in clinical implementations of our method, especially because patients have large organ deformation in different scans. In this paper, we propose an improved framework to extend our method from bench to bedside by including several new components. Methods: The basic principle of our correction algorithm is to estimate the primary signals of CBCT projections via forward projection on the pCT image, and then to obtain the low-frequency errors in CBCT raw projections by subtracting the estimated primary signals and low-pass filtering. We improve the algorithm by using deformable registration to minimize the geometry difference between the pCT and the CBCT images. Since the registration performance relies on the accuracy of the CBCT image, we design an optional iterative scheme to update the CBCT image used in the registration. Large correction errors result from the mismatched objects in the pCT and the CBCT scans. Another optional step of gas pocket and couch matching is added into the framework to reduce these effects. Results: The proposed method is evaluated on four prostate patients, of which two cases are presented in detail to investigate the method performance for a large variety of patient geometry in clinical practice. The first patient has small anatomical changes from the planning to the treatment room. Our algorithm works well even without the optional iterations and the gas pocket and couch matching. The image correction on the second patient is more challenging due to the effects of gas pockets and attenuating couch. The improved framework with all new components is used to fully evaluate the correction performance. The enhanced image quality has been evaluated using mean CT number and spatial nonuniformity (SNU) error as well as contrast improvement factor. If the pCT image is considered as the ground truth, on the four patients, the overall mean CT number error is reduced from over 300 HU to below 16 HU in the selected regions of interest (ROIs), and the SNU error is suppressed from over 18% to below 2%. The average soft-tissue contrast is improved by an average factor of 2.6. Conclusions: We further improve our pCT-based CBCT correction algorithm for clinical use. Superior correction performance has been demonstrated on four patient studies. By providing quantitative CBCT images, our approach significantly increases the accuracy of advanced CBCT-based clinical applications for IGRT.

Niu Tianye; Al-Basheer, Ahmad; Zhu Lei [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Georgia Radiation Therapy Center, Department of Radiology, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia 30912 (United States); Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Quantitative Theory of the Influence Electrostatic Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A rigorous mathematical theory of the static machine is given and applied in detail to a simple four element machine of a type exemplified by the Kelvin replenisher. It is shown that the potentials of each of the inductors after n cycles satisfies an equation of the form Vn=C1r1n+C2r2n, where r1 and r2 are constants which depend only on the coefficients of capacity and the coefficients of induction of the elements in two configurations, and C1 and C2 are constants which depend both on the initial values of the potentials of the inductors and the coefficients of capacity and of induction of the elements in the two determining configurations. The values of the various constants for a non-symmetrical machine, and also for a symmetrical machine are given in tables. It is shown that theoretically the potential produced by an ordinary static machine will increase without limit, approach a constant value, or decrease to zero, depending on the phase at which the brushes are grounded.

Alfred W. Simon

1924-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Quantitative x-ray imager (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

We report on development of a quantitative x-ray imager (QXI) for the national Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Included in this development is a study of photocathode response as a function of photon energy, 2--17.5 keV, which is related to diagnostic development on the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The QXI is defined as being a quantative imager due to the repeated characterization. This instrument is systematically checked out, electronically as well as its photocathode x-ray response, both on a direct current and pulsed x-ray sources, before and after its use on a shot campaign. The QXI is a gated x-ray imager1 used for a variety of experiments conducted in the Inertial Confinement Fusion and Radiation Physics Program. The camera was assembled in Los Alamos and has been under development since 1997 and has now become the workhorse framing camera by the program. The electronics were built by Grant Applied Physics of San Fransisco, CA.2 The QXI has been used at the LANL Trident, LLNL Nova, and University of Rochester Laboratory OMEGA laser facilities. The camera consists of a grated microchannel plate (MCP), a phosphor coated fiberoptic faceplate coupled to film for data readout, along with high speed electronic pulsers to drive the x-ray detector. The QXI has both a two-strip and a four-strip detection head and has the ability to individually bias the gain of each of the strips. The timing of the QXI was done at the Trident short pulse laboratory, using 211 nm light. Single strip jitter was looked at as well and determined to be <25 ps. Flatfielding of the photocathode across the MCP was done with the Trident main laser with 150 J on a gold disk with a 1 ns. Spatial resolution was determined to be <5 {mu}m by using the same laser conditions as before and a backlit 1000 lp/in. grid. The QXI has been used on cylindrical implosion work at the Nova Laser Facility, and on direct-drive cylinder mix and indirect-drive high convergence implosion experiments at OMEGA. Its two-strip module has provided the capability to look at point backlighters, as part of technique development for experiments on the NIF. Its next use will be in March 2000 with its off axis viewer nose at Omega, providing a perpendicular view of Rayleigh--Taylor spike dissipation.

Evans, Scott C.; Archuleta, Tom N.; Oertel, John A.; Walsh, Peter J.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Title Quantitative room-temperature mineralization of airborne formaldehyde using manganese oxide catalysts Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Hugo Destaillats, Douglas P. Sullivan, Joern Larsen, and William J. Fisk Journal Applied Catalysis B - Environmental Issue 107 Pagination 34-41 Date Published 2011 Keywords commercial building ventilation & indoor environmental quality group, commercial building ventilation and indoor environmental quality group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, indoor environment department, indoor environment group DOI 10.1016/j.apcatb.2011.06.032 Attachment Size

218

Heat Transfer Enhancement for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers with Vortex Generators: Experimental and Numerical Results  

SciTech Connect

A combined experimental and numerical investigation is under way to investigate heat transfer enhancement techniques that may be applicable to large-scale air-cooled condensers such as those used in geothermal power applications. The research is focused on whether air-side heat transfer can be improved through the use of finsurface vortex generators (winglets,) while maintaining low heat exchanger pressure drop. A transient heat transfer visualization and measurement technique has been employed in order to obtain detailed distributions of local heat transfer coefficients on model fin surfaces. Pressure drop measurements have also been acquired in a separate multiple-tube row apparatus. In addition, numerical modeling techniques have been developed to allow prediction of local and average heat transfer for these low-Reynolds-number flows with and without winglets. Representative experimental and numerical results presented in this paper reveal quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer in the vicinity of a circular tube with a single delta winglet pair downstream of the cylinder. The winglets were triangular (delta) with a 1:2 height/length aspect ratio and a height equal to 90% of the channel height. Overall mean fin-surface Nusselt-number results indicate a significant level of heat transfer enhancement (average enhancement ratio 35%) associated with the deployment of the winglets with oval tubes. Pressure drop measurements have also been obtained for a variety of tube and winglet configurations using a single-channel flow apparatus that includes four tube rows in a staggered array. Comparisons of heat transfer and pressure drop results for the elliptical tube versus a circular tube with and without winglets are provided. Heat transfer and pressure-drop results have been obtained for flow Reynolds numbers based on channel height and mean flow velocity ranging from 700 to 6500.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh; Huff, George Albert

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Question: What is the cost threshold for providing cost detail for subrecipient  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Question: What is the cost threshold for providing cost detail for subrecipients or consultant Question: What is the cost threshold for providing cost detail for subrecipients or consultant information? Is there a cost threshold set for third parties? Answer: Each subawardee/subrecipient/subcontractor whose work is expected to exceed $650,000 or 50% of the total work effort (whichever is less) should complete a Budget Justification package to include the SF 424A budget form, Budget Justification Guideline Excel document, and a narrative supporting the Budget Justification Guidelines. This information may be saved as a separate file or included with the Prime Applicant's Budget.pdf file. Summary level information for subawardees is not sufficient. Detailed explanations and supporting

220

Quantitative analysis of cerebral white matter anatomy from diffusion MRI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we develop algorithms for quantitative analysis of white matter fiber tracts from diffusion MRI. The presented methods enable us to look at the variation of a diffusion measure along a fiber tract in a single ...

Maddah, Mahnaz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Quantitative Analysis of Reaction Front Geometry in Detonations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Analysis of Reaction Front Geometry in Detonations F. Pintgen, and J.E. Shepherd Previous observations (Pintgen et al., 2003b, Pintgen, 2000) on the reaction zone struc- ture

Shepherd, Joe

222

High resolution linkage and association study of quantitative trait loci  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and microsatellite markers are available, high resolution mapping employing multiple markers or multiple allele markers is an important step to identify quantitative trait locus (QTL...

Jung, Jeesun

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

On the practice of dichotomization of quantitative variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors examine the practice of dichotomization of quantitative measures, wherein relationships among variables are examined after 1 or more variables have been converted to dichotomous variables by splitting the sample ...

MacCallum, R. C.; Zhang, S.; Preacher, K. J.; Rucker, D. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ensemble typhoon quantitative precipitation forecasts model in Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, an ensemble typhoon quantitative precipitation forecast (ETQPF) model was developed to provide typhoon rainfall forecasts for Taiwan. The ETQPF rainfall forecast is obtained by averaging the pick-out cases, which are screened at a ...

Jing-Shan Hong; Chin-Tzu Fong; Ling-Feng Hsiao; Yi-Chiang Yu; Chian-You Tzeng

225

Quantitative Data Analysis Methods for 3D Microstructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electrochemical ceramic devices such as solid oxide fuel and electrolyser cells depends on the distributionQuantitative Data Analysis Methods for 3D Microstructure Characterization of Solid Oxide Cells

226

Quantitative Risk Assessment and the Notion of Acceptable Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kristen Shrader-Frechette divides the activity of quantitative risk assessment (QRA) into three stages: (1) risk identification, (2) risk estimation, and (3) risk evaluation.1 Given the present level of developme...

James Humber; Robert Almeder

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Fast quantitation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in honey using planar chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach for rapid quantitation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in honey using planar chromatography...r, of???0.9997 for peak areas and???0.9996 for peak heights. Repeatability in the matrix confirmed the su...

Elena S. Chernetsova; Igor A. Revelsky…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Quantitative assessment of disassembly difficulty in product recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inherent in the evaluation procedure. A catalog of quantitative difficulty ratings for common disassembly tasks is generated. The scores are derived from work measurement analyses of the tasks and are based published motion-time data. The scores provide...

Hanft, Thomas Albert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Landscape responses to intraplate tectonism: Quantitative constraints from 10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landscape responses to intraplate tectonism: Quantitative constraints from 10 Be nuclide abundances approach for identifying neotectonic forcing of landscape evolution in mildly deforming continental or absent, implying that 10 Be concentration may act as a `tracer' for disequilibrium landscapes responding

Sandiford, Mike

230

Recent results on Charm Physics from Fermilab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New high statistics, high resolution fixed target experiments producing $10^5$ - $10^6$ fully reconstructed charm particles are allowing a detailed study of the charm sector. Recent results on charm quark production from Fermilab fixed target experiments E791, SELEX and FOCUS are presented.

J. C. Anjos; E. Cuautle

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

231

Methods of quantitative matrix analysis of Zircaloy-2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The zirconium-based alloy Zircaloy-2 contains small amounts of iron, chromium and nickel dissolved in the matrix. Several attempts to measure these amounts have been made in the past, but the results are conflicting and inconclusive. The advent of wide angle, laser pulsed atom probe tomography motivates a new attempt to analyze the matrix. Large datasets are now easily obtained using laser pulsing but quantification is not straightforward due to rather complex mass spectra. Zircaloy-2 contains about 1 wt% tin, 0.1 wt% oxygen and trace amounts of Si, C and Al. Severe overlaps make quantification of any Fe+, Cr+ and Ni+ ions impossible. Quantification of Fe, Cr and Ni therefore requires that they appear as doubly charged ions only, and consequently the field must be kept high enough. In addition, adsorbed CO+ may appear at the main peak of Fe2+. In the paper a method is reported, which gives what we believe an accurate quantitative analysis of at least iron and chromium in the matrix.

M. Thuvander; H.-O. Andrén

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

New measurements and quantitative analysis of electron backscattering in the energy range of neutron {beta}-decay  

SciTech Connect

We report on the first detailed measurements of electron backscattering from plastic scintillator targets, extending our previous work on beryllium and silicon targets. The scintillator experiment posed several additional experimental challenges associated with charging of the scintillator target, and those challenges are addressed in detail. In addition, we quantitatively compare the energy and angular distributions of this data, and our previous data, with electron transport simulations based on the GEANT4 and PENELOPE Monte Carlo simulation codes. The PENELOPE simulation is found globally to give a superior description of the data. Such information is crucial for a broad array of weak-interaction physics experiments, where electron backscattering can give rise to the dominant detector-related systematic uncertainty.

Martin, J.W. [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Physics Department, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada); Yuan, J.; Betancourt, M.J.; Filippone, B.W.; Ito, T.M.; Plaster, B. [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Hoedl, S.A. [CENPA, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Young, A.R. [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Quantitative Assessment of Range Fluctuations in Charged Particle Lung Irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Water equivalent path length (WEL) variations due to respiration can change the range of a charged particle beam and result in beam overshoot to critical organs or beam undershoot to tumor. We have studied range fluctuations by analyzing four-dimensional computed tomography data and quantitatively assessing potential beam overshoot. Methods and Materials: The maximal intensity volume is calculated by combining the gross tumor volume contours at each respiratory phase in the four-dimensional computed tomography study. The first target volume calculates the maximal intensity volume for the entire respiratory cycle (internal target volume [ITV]-radiotherapy [RT]), and the second target volume is the maximal intensity volume corresponding to gated RT (gated-RT, {approx}30% phase window around exhalation). A compensator at each respiratory phase is calculated. Two 'composite' compensators for ITV-RT and gated-RT are then designed by selecting the minimal compensator depth at the respective respiratory phase. These compensators are then applied to the four-dimensional computed tomography data to estimate beam penetration. Analysis metrics include range fluctuation and overshoot volume, both as a function of gantry angle. We compared WEL fluctuations observed in treating the ITV-RT versus gated-RT in 11 lung patients. Results: The WEL fluctuations were <21.8 mm-WEL and 9.5 mm-WEL for ITV-RT and gated-RT, respectively for all patients. Gated-RT reduced the beam overshoot volume by approximately a factor of four compared with ITV-RT. Such range fluctuations can affect the efficacy of treatment and result in an excessive dose to a distal critical organ. Conclusion: Time varying range fluctuation analysis provides information useful for determining appropriate patient-specific treatment parameters in charged particle RT. This analysis can also be useful for optimizing planning and delivery.

Mori, Shinichiro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)], E-mail: shinshin@nirs.go.jp; Wolfgang, John; Lu, H.-M.; Schneider, Robert; Choi, Noah C.; Chen, George T.Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Quantitative NDA Measurements of Advanced Reprocessing Product Materials Containing U, NP, PU, and AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this first principle technique have been identified: (1) quantitative measurement of uranium, neptunium, plutonium, and americium materials; (2) quantitative measurement of mixed oxide (MOX) materials; (3) quantitative measurement of uranium materials; and (4...

Goddard, Braden

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

235

Best Estimate Radiation Flux Value-Added Procedure: Algorithm Operational Details and Explanations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Best Estimate Radiation Flux Value-Added Procedure: Algorithm Operational Details and Explanations October 2002 Y. Shi and C. N. Long DOE, ARM, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of Health and Environmental Research Contents 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2. Input Data ............................................................................................................................................... 1 3. Configuration Files.................................................................................................................................

236

biodiversity over the past two decades, but, except for a few flagship species, detailed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biodiversity over the past two decades, but, except for a few flagship species, detailed studies disturbance from increased navigation are also likely to negatively impact the riverine biodiversity. To alleviate these problems and conserve biodiversity, establishing nature reserves in biodiversity hotspots

Li, Zhanqing

237

Change of Personal Details Form Current Name and Date of Birth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from list below. Change of Name Change of Date of Birth (Primary) (Secondary) -Birth Certificate (or extract) -Citizenship Papers -Medicare Card -Passport -Birth Certificate (or Extract) -Valid DriversChange of Personal Details Form Current Name and Date of Birth Current Name Date of Birth Correct

238

Detailed modeling of the evaporation and thermal decomposition of urea-water-solution in SCR systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed modeling of the evaporation and thermal decomposition of urea-water-solution in SCRE Journal. Keywords: Multi-component, , evaporation, UWS, Adbue, urea decomposition, thermolysis SCR Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems. In the multi-component evaporation model, the influence of urea

Boyer, Edmond

239

Technical Notes This appendix overviews technical details and algorithms in close relation to the data analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A Technical Notes This appendix overviews technical details and algorithms in close Cover and Thomas, 1991; Hertz et al., 1991; Rieke et al., 1997; Dayan and Abbott, 2001; Duda et al methods and their characteristics for extracting features in given data sets and for simplifying them

Zador, Anthony

240

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 137 Reduction of Detailed Chemcial Reaction Networks for Detonation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 137 Reduction of Detailed Chemcial Reaction Networks for Detonation FOR DETONATION SIMULATIONS Patrick Hung Mechanical Engineering California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA extended and applied to gaseous detonation simulations2,3,4 . Unfortunately, while a one-dimensional ILDM

Barr, Al

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

A Detailed Analysis of the Nonlinear Dynamics of the Electric Step Motor J. Reiss, F. Alin*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Detailed Analysis of the Nonlinear Dynamics of the Electric Step Motor J. Reiss, F. Alin* , M.robert@univ-reims.fr Abstract The electric step motor is an electromechanical device which converts electrical pulses of stationarity in the system. We show that the electric step motor may function as a low-dimensional chaotic

Reiss, Josh

242

ISPD 2014 benchmarks with sub-45nm technology rules for detailed-routing-driven placement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The public release of realistic industrial placement benchmarks by IBM and Intel Corporations from 1998--2013 has been crucial to the progress in physical-design algorithms during those years. Direct comparisons of academic tools on these test cases, ... Keywords: detailed routing, global routing, placement, placement evaluation, routability

Vladimir Yutsis; Ismail S. Bustany; David Chinnery; Joseph R. Shinnerl; Wen-Hao Liu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Detailed Summary The present thesis contemplates terrorism, both the legislative reactions to it and its  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUMMARY 346 Detailed Summary The present thesis contemplates terrorism, both the legislative rights is vital for the prevention of terrorism, encompassing state and non-state terrorism alike confronted with terrorism or similar extraordinary delinquency (e.g. organised crime). This thesis

van den Brink, Jeroen

244

Contrast detail curves on digital mammography: performance comparison of raw and filtered images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detection of low contrast and very small size objects is of great importance on digital mammography imaging techniques Hence, when comparing image quality performance for different equipments, it would be desirable to make an objective evaluation primarily ... Keywords: CDMAM, contrast detail curves, full field digital mammography, quality assurance

Pedro Collado-Chamorro; Camilo Sanz-Freire; José Gómez-Amez; Alejandro Vázquez-Galiñanes; Natalia Lopo-Casqueiro; Maria González-De La Puente

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Program Details Investing in your education with the Master of Management -Logistics and Supply Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program Details Investing in your education with the Master of Management - Logistics and Supply business world. The course based Master of Management - Logistics and Supply Chain Management will prepare you for a leadership position within the Logistics industry in Canada or abroad. You will study

246

Detailed Studies of a HighDensity Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed Studies of a High­Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings Kirsten Zapfe 1 (1996) 293 Abstract A high­density target of polarized atomic hydrogen gas for applications in storage rings was produced by injecting atoms from an atomic beam source into a T­shaped storage cell

247

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings and accurate data to inform MELs energy use. Introduction Background Buildings account for 40% of the total

Culler, David E.

248

PREDICTION OF DELAM INATION IN WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURAL DETAILS John F. Mandell, Douglas S. Cairns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Reference 3, available on the Sandia web site www.sandia.gov/Renewable_Energy/Wind_Energy/. DELAMINATION1 PREDICTION OF DELAM INATION IN WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURAL DETAILS John F. Mandell, Douglas S materials structures such as wind turbine blades. Design methodologies to prevent such failures have

249

Relief Mapping of Non-Height-Field Surface Details Fabio Policarpo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Teapot with a weave pattern (left). Close-up views of the teapot's body (center and right) reveal vector units, and is easier to implement. Figure 1(left) shows a teapot mapped with a weave pattern rendered with our technique. Close-up views of the teapot's body revealing the details of the pattern

Oliveira, Manuel M.

250

IMPROVED REACTION SCHEME FOR SPATIAL STOCHASTIC SIMULATIONS WITH SINGLE MOLECULE DETAIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVED REACTION SCHEME FOR SPATIAL STOCHASTIC SIMULATIONS WITH SINGLE MOLECULE DETAIL Michael of particle tracking in molecule po- sitions and bimolecular reactions. Bimolecular reactions depend on the collision of two molecules, but the time of a first order (e.g. decay) event can be pre

Lygeros, John

251

Chemistry Major, Biological Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Major, Biological Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact Professor Richard Ernst (ernst@chem.utah.edu; 801-581-8639) Chemistry Core Courses (required of all majors): CHEM 1210, 1220 General Chemistry I, II (4, 4) both SF (or 1211/1221 honors versions) CHEM 1215, 1225 General

Simons, Jack

252

Chemistry Major, Geology Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Major, Geology Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact Professor Richard Ernst (ernst@chem.utah.edu; 801-581-8639) Chemistry Core Courses (required of all majors): CHEM 1210, 1220 General Chemistry I, II (4, 4) both SF (or 1211/1221 honors versions) CHEM 1215, 1225 General

Simons, Jack

253

Chemistry Major, Professional Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Major, Professional Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact Professor Richard Ernst (ernst@chem.utah.edu; 801-581-8639) Chemistry Core Courses (required of all majors): CHEM 1210, 1220 General Chemistry I, II (4, 4) both SF (or 1211/1221 honors versions) CHEM 1215, 1225

Simons, Jack

254

Chemistry Major, Business Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Major, Business Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact Professor Richard Ernst (ernst@chem.utah.edu; 801-581-8639) Chemistry Core Courses (required of all majors): CHEM 1210, 1220 General Chemistry I, II (4, 4) both SF (or 1211/1221 honors versions) CHEM 1215, 1225 General

Simons, Jack

255

For full programme details see http://www.smurfitschool.ie/mastersprogrammes/marketing/mscinmarketing/#d.en.35032  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For full programme details see http://www.smurfitschool.ie/mastersprogrammes/marketing for me? The MSc in Marketing is focused on developing the marketing knowledge and skills that will enable with an undergraduate degree in business, psychology, social science or related area. The emphasis is on Marketing

256

Detailed Joint Structure in a Geothermal Reservoir from Studies of Induced Microearthquake Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microearthquake data collected from a geothermal reservoir at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, provide an opportunityDetailed Joint Structure in a Geothermal Reservoir from Studies of Induced Microearthquake Clusters Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico LAUR 94-3846 #12;2 Abstract Microearthquake clusters

257

Ni-NTA Magnetic Agarose Beads Handbook 12/200120 Detailed Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protocol Ni-NTA Magnetic Agarose Beads Handbook 12/200120 Detailed Protocols Protocol 1. Cell lysis appropriately. Adding 10 mM imidazole, inhibits binding of nontagged proteins. If the tagged protein does-NTA Magnetic Agarose Beads Handbook 12/2001 21 4. Sonicate or homogenize on ice to lyse cells (6 times for 10

Lebendiker, Mario

258

JOURNAL PRODUCTION CHECKLIST For detailed instructions, refer to the Student Journal Editors Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Handbook Step 1 Once articles have been slated for an issue: When Done Actions: Create CHECKLIST For detailed instructions, refer to the Student Journal Editors Handbook Step 6 Files. The Error memo does not replace Step 5 and is not a comprehensive review of your files. The Publications

Kammen, Daniel M.

259

Results from the NSTX X-ray Crystal Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

A high-resolution X-ray crystal spectrometer has recently been installed at the National Spherical Torus Experiment to record the satellite spectra of helium-like argon, ArXVII, in the wavelength range from 3.94 to 4.00 {angstrom} for measurements of ion and electron temperatures, and measurements of the ionization equilibrium of argon, which is of interest for studies of ion transport. The instrument presently consists of a spherically bent quartz crystal and a conventional one-dimensional position-sensitive multi-wire proportional counter, but it will soon be upgraded to a new type of X-ray imaging crystal spectrometer by the installation of a large size (10 cm x 30 cm) two-dimensional position-sensitive detector that will allow us to obtain temporally and spatially resolved spectra from an 80 cm high cross-section of the plasma. In its present configuration, the spectrometer has been optimized for high throughput so that it is possible to record spectra with small statistical errors with a time resolution of 10 ms by adding only small, nonperturbing amounts of argon to the plasma. The spectrometer is most valuable for measurements of the ion temperature in the absence of a neutral beam in ohmically heated and radio-frequency heated discharges, when charge exchange recombination spectroscopy does not function. Electron temperature measurements from the satellite-to-resonance line ratios have been important for a quantitative comparison with (and verification of) the Thomson scattering data. The paper will describe the instrumental details of the present and future spectrometer configurations, and present recent experimental results.

M. Bitter; K. Hill; L. Roquemore; P. Beiersdorfer; D. Thorn; Ming Feng Gu

2003-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

260

Detailed modelling, implementation and simulation of an “all-in-one” stability test system including power system protective devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents modelling and simulation results for multiple instability scenarios of the “all-in-one” test system. The test system is an alteration of the Bonneville Power Administration test system constructed to capture transient (angle), frequency and voltage instability phenomena, resulting in system collapse, within one system. The paper describes general overview of the test system and its associated individual devices modelling. These modelling are both customized and adapted from the built-in model developed by PowerFactory simulation software. The paper also provides a description of different instabilities that can be reproduced by this self-contained system. One of the case study is demonstrated in detail with the necessary initialization settings for reproducing instability scenario.

Rujiroj Leelaruji; Luigi Vanfretti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

A Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for Oxidation of Four Small Alkyl Esters in Laminar Premixed Flames  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism has been developed for a group of four small alkyl ester fuels, consisting of methyl formate, methyl acetate, ethyl formate and ethyl acetate. This mechanism is validated by comparisons between computed results and recently measured intermediate species mole fractions in fuel-rich, low pressure, premixed laminar flames. The model development employs a principle of similarity of functional groups in constraining the H atom abstraction and unimolecular decomposition reactions in each of these fuels. As a result, the reaction mechanism and formalism for mechanism development are suitable for extension to larger oxygenated hydrocarbon fuels, together with an improved kinetic understanding of the structure and chemical kinetics of alkyl ester fuels that can be extended to biodiesel fuels. Variations in concentrations of intermediate species levels in these flames are traced to differences in the molecular structure of the fuel molecules.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Westmoreland, P R; Dryer, F L; Chaos, M; Osswald, P; Kohse-Hoinghaus, K; Cool, T A; Wang, J; Yang, B; Hansen, N; Kasper, T

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

262

Quantitative supersonic flow visualization by hydraulic analogy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydraulic analogy, which forms the basis for the phics. current investigation, can be used to study supersonic gas flows with great ease by means of a water table. As a result of the analogy, water heights in free surface water flow correspond...

Rani, Sarma Laxminarasimha

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

QUANTITATIVE ELECTRON HOLOGRAPHY OF BIASED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ion beam (FIB) milling (Fig. 1b). Figure 2a shows a 200 kV holographic phase image obtained from transmission electron microscope (FEGTEM)2 . The technique relies on the use of an electrostatic biprism (eg to result from the presence of an electrically dead layer that runs around its entire surface. A line trace

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

264

A new damage testing system for detailed evaluation of damage behavior of bulk KDP and DKDP  

SciTech Connect

We describe a new damage testing approach and instrumentation that provides quantitative measurements of bulk damage performance versus fluence for several frequencies. A major advantage of this method is that it can simultaneously provide direct information on pinpoint density and size, and beam obscuration. This allows for more accurate evaluation of material performance under operational conditions. Protocols for laser conditioning to improve damage performance can also be easily and rapidly evaluated.This damage testing approach has enabled us to perform complex experiments toward probing the fundamental mechanisms of damage initiation and conditioning.

DeMange, P; Negres, R A; Carr, C W; Radousky, H B; Demos, S G

2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

Quantitative Adaptation Analytics for Assessing Dynamic Systems of Systems.  

SciTech Connect

Our society is increasingly reliant on systems and interoperating collections of systems, known as systems of systems (SoS). These SoS are often subject to changing missions (e.g., nation- building, arms-control treaties), threats (e.g., asymmetric warfare, terrorism), natural environments (e.g., climate, weather, natural disasters) and budgets. How well can SoS adapt to these types of dynamic conditions? This report details the results of a three year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project aimed at developing metrics and methodologies for quantifying the adaptability of systems and SoS. Work products include: derivation of a set of adaptability metrics, a method for combining the metrics into a system of systems adaptability index (SoSAI) used to compare adaptability of SoS designs, development of a prototype dynamic SoS (proto-dSoS) simulation environment which provides the ability to investigate the validity of the adaptability metric set, and two test cases that evaluate the usefulness of a subset of the adaptability metrics and SoSAI for distinguishing good from poor adaptability in a SoS. Intellectual property results include three patents pending: A Method For Quantifying Relative System Adaptability, Method for Evaluating System Performance, and A Method for Determining Systems Re-Tasking.

Gauthier, John H.; Miner, Nadine E.; Wilson, Michael L.; Le, Hai D.; Kao, Gio K; Melander, Darryl J.; Longsine, Dennis Earl [Sandia National Laboratories, Unknown, Unknown; Vander Meer, Robert Charles,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

A Detailed Study of FDIRC Prototype with Waveform Digitizing Electronics in Cosmic Ray Telescope Using 3D Tracks  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed study of a novel Cherenkov imaging detector called the Focusing DIRC (FDIRC) with waveform digitizing electronics. In this test study, the FDIRC prototype has been instrumented with seven Hamamatsu H-8500 MaPMTs. Waveforms from {approx}450 pixels are digitized with waveform sampling electronics based on the BLAB2 ASIC, operating at a sampling speed of {approx}2.5 GSa/s. The FDIRC prototype was tested in a large cosmic ray telescope (CRT) providing 3D muon tracks with {approx}1.5 mrad angular resolution and muon energy of E{sub muon} > 1.6 GeV. In this study we provide a detailed analysis of the tails in the Cherenkov angle distribution as a function of various variables, compare experimental results with simulation, and identify the major contributions to the tails. We demonstrate that to see the full impact of these tails on the Cherenkov angle resolution, it is crucial to use 3D tracks, and have a full understanding of the role of ambiguities. These issues could not be fully explored in previous FDIRC studies where the beam was perpendicular to the quartz radiator bars. This work is relevant for the final FDIRC prototype of the PID detector at SuperB, which will be tested this year in the CRT setup.

Nishimura, K.; Dey, B.; /Hawaii U. /UC, Riverside; Aston, D.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Ratcliff, B.; /SLAC; Roberts, D.; /Maryland U.; Ruckman, L.; /Hawaii U.; Shtol, D.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Varner, G.S.; /Hawaii U.; Va'vra, J.; Vavra, Jerry; /SLAC; ,

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

267

Quantitative Visualization of ChIP-chip Data by Using Linked Views  

SciTech Connect

Most analyses of ChIP-chip in vivo DNA binding have focused on qualitative descriptions of whether genomic regions are bound or not. There is increasing evidence, however, that factors bind in a highly overlapping manner to the same genomic regions and that it is quantitative differences in occupancy on these commonly bound regions that are the critical determinants of the different biological specificity of factors. As a result, it is critical to have a tool to facilitate the quantitative visualization of differences between transcription factors and the genomic regions they bind to understand each factor's unique roles in the network. We have developed a framework which combines several visualizations via brushing-and-linking to allow the user to interactively analyze and explore in vivo DNA binding data of multiple transcription factors. We describe these visualization types and also provide a discussion of biological examples in this paper.

Huang, Min-Yu; Weber, Gunther; Li, Xiao-Yong; Biggin, Mark; Hamann, Bernd

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

268

DRAFT OF THE REPORTING TOOL DETAILS FOR RECOVERY ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GUIDANCE OF THE REPORTING TOOL DETAILS FOR RECOVERY ACT GUIDANCE OF THE REPORTING TOOL DETAILS FOR RECOVERY ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FROM OFPP 1) Providing Information to Contractors a) The registration process developed for the tool will use the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) Point of Contact (POC) to authorize those registering in the system for a particular DUNS number in preparation for the report due October 10, 2009. A message was sent on August 17, 2009 to CCR POCs associated with Recovery Act contract actions reported in the Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation (FPDS-NG). The message advised the CCR POC to review the registration and authorization information available at federalreporting.gov. A Federal Register notice was published on August 25th to encourage contractors to register early at federalreporting.gov. (FR 42877, August 25, 2009)

269

Questions and Answers - Why is it (in detail) that the more coils you add  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I am creating an electromagnetfor my science fair project. I am creating an electromagnet<br>for my science fair project. Previous Question (I am creating an electromagnet for my science fair project.) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Which jobs use electromagnets?) Which jobs use electromagnets? Why is it (in detail) that the more coils you add to an electromagnet, the stronger its magnetic field is? If I go into detail, I will soon reach a point at which I can't do the math! But the answer to your question is simpler than you might think. First, picture the straight piece of wire that your magnet is made of before it's wrapped up in coils. Now, if you run a current through it, is it a magnet? The answer is "Yes." This is because (repeat after me): any electric charge in motion creates a magnetic field. The magnetic field

270

BUDGET DETAILS BOOK FOUR DPRMN OF N RGY U.S. Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUDGET DETAILS BUDGET DETAILS BOOK FOUR DPRMN OF N RGY U.S. Department of Energy Transition Team Budget Book Office of the Chief Financial Officer Office of Budget 1. Budget Overview 2. Funding Tables and Charts 3. Appropriations Subcommittees 4. Program Overviews 5. Major Construction Projects, Activities, and Initiatives 6. Laboratory and State Data Acronyms commonly used in budget documents. ACI American Competitiveness Initiative AEI Advanced Energy Initiative AFP Approved Funding Program (monthly financial plan that dictates how funding is to be executed) AlP Accelerator Improvement Project Ames Ames National Laboratory ANL Argonne National Laboratory B&R Budget and Reference Code BA Budget Authority BAPL Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory BO Budget Outlay

271

Theory of Solutions in Energy Representation in NPT-ensemble: Derivation Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of solutions in energy representation (ER method) developed by Matubayasi and Nakahara provides with an approximate way of calculating solvation free energies (or, identically, the excess chemical potentials) from atomistic simulations. In this document we provide some derivation details of this, to our opinion, theoretically involved method, which will help a non-specialist to follow. There are three points which differ this document from a regular textbook on statistical mechanics or research articles: 1) Derivation is detailed and all approximations are explicitly stated; 2) Statistical mechanics derivations are performed in NPT-ensemble; 3) We perform the derivations for the case when a molecule is represented as a set of (atomic) sites interacting via spherically symmetric potentials (a classical Force Field representation). In ER method, a new collective coordinate is introduced - the interaction energy of a solute and a solvent molecule. The excess chemical potential is expressed as a functional...

Frolov, Andrey I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Detailed design of the 2MW Demonstration Plant. Topical report, Task 2  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a summary of the design of the 2MW carbonate fuel cell power plant which will be built and tested under DOE cooperative agreement DE-FC2l-92MC29237. The report is divided into sections which describe the process and stack module design, and Appendices which provide additional design detail. Section 2.0 provides an overview of the program, including the project objectives, site location, and schedule. A description of the overall process is presented in Section 3.0. The design of the fuel cell stack Modules is described in Section 5.0, which discusses the design of the fuel cell stacks, multi-stack enclosures, and Stack Modules. Additional detail is provided in a report Appendix, the Final Design Criteria Summary. This is an abstract of the design criteria used in the design of the Submodules and Modules.

Not Available

1993-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Detailed analysis of the 1962 Columbus Day windstorm in Oregon and Washington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most destructive windstorm of recorded history in the Pacific Northwest occurred on October 12, 1962. With a method between that of mesoanalysis and ordinary synoptic analysis, detailed reanalysis was made of the structure of the storm over Oregon and Washington, including isobaric patterns and frontal positions at 1-hr. intervals. The significant features of the storm are described. Comparison is made with other notable windstorms in the region. The pressure pattern is used to determine location and magnitude of maximum winds. I.

Robert E. Lynott; O Wen P. Cramer

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Role of Comprehensive Detailed Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms in Combustion Research  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments by the authors in the field of comprehensive detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for hydrocarbon fuels are reviewed. Examples are given of how these mechanisms provide fundamental chemical insights into a range of combustion applications. Practical combustion consists primarily of chemical heat release from reactions between a fuel and an oxidizer, and computer simulations of practical combustion systems have become an essential tool of combustion research (Westbrook et al., 2005). At the heart of most combustion simulations, the chemical kinetic submodel frequently is the most detailed, complex and computationally costly part of a system model. Historically, the chemical submodel equations are solved using time-implicit numerical algorithms, due to the extreme stiffness of the coupled rate equations, with a computational cost that varies roughly with the cube of the number of chemical species in the model. While early mechanisms (c. 1980) for apparently simple fuels such as methane (Warnatz, 1980) or methanol (Westbrook and Dryer, 1979) included perhaps 25 species, current detailed mechanisms for much larger, more complex fuels such as hexadecane (Fournet et al., 2001; Ristori et al., 2001; Westbrook et al., 2008) or methyl ester methyl decanoate (Herbinet et al., 2008) have as many as 2000 or even 3000 species. Rapid growth in capabilities of modern computers has been an essential feature in this rapid growth in the size and complexity of chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms.

Westbrook, C K; Pitz, W J; Curran, H J; Mehl, M

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

275

Detailed Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Data Inventory (US) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detailed Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Data Inventory (US) Detailed Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Data Inventory (US) Dataset Summary Description Detailed inventory of available renewable energy (RE) resource assessment data. Although the type, amount, and regional distribution of resource information vary by resource, assessments are available for each RE category (conducted by DOE and various private and public organizations). Solar, wind and geothermal resources have assessment products available at numerous scales (national, regional, and site specific). Assessments are available for biomass and hydropower resources at a national level, with only limited information available at the regional and site-specific levels. Ocean energy has the least resource assessment information available. This information was compiled by NREL and initially published in the 2006 Report to Congress on Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Information for the United States (Original document courtesy of archive.org). This datasets was last updated in January, 2011. For each assessment, the inventory includes: data name, data type, source, period of record, spatial coverage, spatial resolution, temporal scale, units, stated accuracy, availability, URL, update frequency, and additional notes.

276

ARM - Evaluation Product - Quantitative Precipitation Estimates (QPE) from  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsQuantitative Precipitation Estimates (QPE) ProductsQuantitative Precipitation Estimates (QPE) from the CSAPR Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Quantitative Precipitation Estimates (QPE) from the CSAPR Site(s) SGP TWP General Description Precipitation rates from cloud systems can give a fundamental insight into the processes occurring in-cloud. While rain gauges and disdrometers can give information at a single point, remote sensors such as radars can provide rainfall information over a defined area. The QPE value-added product (VAP) takes the Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates VAP and maps the Rain_rate_A field onto a Cartesian grid at the surface. This field is the rain rate as determined using the specific attenuation (A, dBZ/km) due to two-way liquid attenuation after Ryzhkov et

277

A microfluidic platform for high-throughput multiplexed protein quantitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a high-throughput microfluidic platform capable of quantitating up to 384 biomarkers in 4 distinct samples by immunoassay. The microfluidic device contains 384 unit cells, which can be individually programmed with pairs of capture and detection antibody. Samples are quantitated in each unit cell by four independent MITOMI detection areas, allowing four samples to be analyzed in parallel for a total of 1,536 assays per device. We show that the device can be pre-assembled and stored for weeks at elevated temperature and we performed proof-of-concept experiments simultaneously quantitating IL-6, IL-1\\b{eta}, TNF-{\\alpha}, PSA, and GFP. Finally, we show that the platform can be used to identify functional antibody combinations by screening 64 antibody combinations requiring up to 384 unique assays per device.

Volpetti, Francesca; Maerkl, Sebastian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Quantitative interpretation of tracer test data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quantitative interpretation of tracer test data Quantitative interpretation of tracer test data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Quantitative interpretation of tracer test data Abstract Geothermal reinjection is an important part of sustainable management of geothermal resources. Reinjection started out as a method of waste-water disposal, but is now also being used to counteract pressure draw-down and to extract more thermal energy from reservoir rocks. The possible cooling of production wells, or thermal breakthrough, is one of the main disadvantages associated with injection. To minimize this danger while maintaining the benefit from reinjection requires careful testing and research. Tracer testing, which is used to study flow-paths and quantify fluid-flow in hydrological systems, is probably the most important tool for

279

Quantitative gas-chromatographische Simultanbestimmung von Wasserstoff, Methan, Äthan und Äthylen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die quantitative gas-chromatographische Bestimmung von Wasserstoff, Methan, Äthan und Äthylen führt bei Verwendung einer...

H. W. Dürbeck

280

Vapor space characterization of Waste Tank 241-U-106 (in situ): Results from samples collected on 8/25/94  

SciTech Connect

This report describes inorganic and organic analyses results from in situ samples obtained from the headspace of the Hanford waste storage Tank 241-U-106 (referred to as Tank U-106). The results described here were obtained to support safety and toxicological evaluations. A summary of the results for inorganic and organic analytes is listed in Table 1. Detailed descriptions of the results appear in the text. Quantitative results were obtained for the inorganic compounds ammonia (NH{sub 3}), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}), nitric oxide (NO), and water (H{sub 2}O). Sampling for hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}) was not performed. In addition, the authors looked for the 39 TO-14 compounds plus an additional 14 target analytes. Of these, six were observed above the 5-ppbv reporting cutoff. Ten organic tentatively identified compounds (TICs) were observed above the reporting cutoff of (ca.) 10 ppbv in two or more of the three samples collected and are reported with concentrations that are semiquantitative estimates based on internal standard response factors. The 10 organic analytes with the highest estimated concentrations are listed in Table 1 and account for approximately 89% of the total organic components in Tank U-106. Methyl isocyanate, a compound of possible concern in Tank U-106, was not detected. Tank U-106 is on the Organic Watch List.

Ligotke, M.W.; Lucke, R.B.; Pool, K.H. [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Vapor space characterization of waste tank 241-BY-110: Results for samples collected on 11/11/94  

SciTech Connect

This report describes inorganic and organic analyses results from samples obtained from the headspace of the Hanford waste storage Tank 241-BY-110 (referred to as Tank BY-110). The results described here were obtained to support safety and toxicological evaluations. A summary of the results for inorganic and organic analytes is listed in Table 1. Detailed descriptions of the results appear in the text. Quantitative results were obtained for the inorganic compounds ammonia (NH{sub 3}), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}, nitric oxide (NO), and water (H{sub 2}O). Sampling for hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and sulfur oxides (SO{sub x}) was not requested. In addition, we looked for the 40 TO-14 compounds plus an additional 15 analytes. Of these, 10 were observed above the 5-ppbv reporting cutoff. Forty-six organic tentatively identified compounds (TICS) were observed above the reporting cutoff of (ca.) 10 ppbv, and are reported with concentrations that are semiquantative estimates based on internal standard response factors. The 10 organic analytes with the highest estimated concentrations are listed and account for approximately 78% of the total organic components in Tank BY-110. Two permanent gases, carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), were also detected.

Clauss, T.W.; Ligotke, M.W.; Pool, K.H. [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Detailed geochemical study of the Dan River-Danville Triassic Basin, North Carolina and Virginia. National Uranium Resource Evaluation Program  

SciTech Connect

This abbreviated data report presents results of surface geochemical reconnaissance in the Dan River-Danville Triassic Basin of north-central North Carolina and south-central Virginia. Unweathered rock samples were collected at 380 sites within the basin at a nominal sampling density of one site per square mile. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site; analytical data and field measurements are presented in tables and maps. A detailed four-channel spectrometric survey was conducted, and the results are presented as a series of symbol plot maps for eU, eTh, and eU/eTh. Data from rock sample sites (on microfiche in pocket) include rock type and color and elemental analyses for U, Th, Hf, Al, Ce, Dy, Eu, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Sc, Sm, Ti, V, and Yb. Elemental uranium in 362 sedimentary rock samples from the Dan River-Danville Basin ranges from a low of 0.1 to a maximum of 13.3 parts per million (ppM). The log mean uranium concentration for these same samples is 0.37 ppM, and the log standard deviation is 0.24 ppM. Elemental uranium in 10 diabase dike samples from within the basin is in the range 0.1 to 0.7 ppM. The log mean uranium concentration for diabase samples is -.65 ppM, and the log standard deviation is 0.27. This report is issued in draft form, without detailed technical and copy editing. This was done to make the report available to the public before the end of the NURE program.

Thayer, P. A.; Cook, J. R.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Terascale High-Fidelity Simulations of Turbulent Combustion with Detailed Chemistry: Spray Simulations  

SciTech Connect

The Terascale High-Fidelity Simulations of Turbulent Combustion (TSTC) project is a multi-university collaborative effort to develop a high-fidelity turbulent reacting flow simulation capability utilizing terascale, massively parallel computer technology. The main paradigm of the approach is direct numerical simulation (DNS) featuring the highest temporal and spatial accuracy, allowing quantitative observations of the fine-scale physics found in turbulent reacting flows as well as providing a useful tool for development of sub-models needed in device-level simulations. Under this component of the TSTC program the simulation code named S3D, developed and shared with coworkers at Sandia National Laboratories, has been enhanced with new numerical algorithms and physical models to provide predictive capabilities for turbulent liquid fuel spray dynamics. Major accomplishments include improved fundamental understanding of mixing and auto-ignition in multi-phase turbulent reactant mixtures and turbulent fuel injection spray jets.

Rutland, Christopher J.

2009-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

284

Second-generation heliostat development for solar-central receivers. Detail design report. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Two appendices are included. The first is a heliostat manufacturing study consisting of evaluations of variable cost and investment costs, program engineering, training, preactivation and launching, savings opportunities, and selling price, and including descriptions of the facilities and manufacturing plan. A large volume of back-up data for the study is included, particularly process estimates. General support departments and systems and other back-up data are included.The second appendix is a detailed cost and process description data for the heliostat facet assembly. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

285

Deciphering the details of RNA aminoglycoside interactions: from atomistic models to biotechnological applications  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study was done of the neomycin-B RNA aptamer for determining its selectivity and binding ability to both neomycin– and kanamycin-class aminoglycosides. A novel method to increase drug concentrations in cells for more efficiently killing is described. To test the method, a bacterial model system was adopted and several small RNA molecules interacting with aminoglycosides were cloned downstream of T7 RNA polymerase promoter in an expression vector. Then, the growth analysis of E. coli expressing aptamers was observed for 12-hour period. Our analysis indicated that aptamers helped to increase the intracellular concentration of aminoglycosides thereby increasing their efficacy.

Ilgu, Muslum

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

286

Quantitative Quality Management through Defect Prediction and Statistical Process Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Quality Management through Defect Prediction and Statistical Process Control Pankaj: To produce high quality software, the final software should have as few defects as possible. The task of quality management in a software project is to plan suitable quality control activities, and properly

Jalote, Pankaj

287

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Photo-Acoustic Imaging of Small Absorbers Habib Ammari Emmanuel Bossy Vincent Jugnon Hyeonbae Kang§ December 1, 2009 Abstract In photo-acoustic imaging, energy absorption causes thermo absorber from the absorbed density. AMS subject classifications. 31B20, 35B37,35L05 Key words. photo

Kang, Hyeonbae

288

Quantitative crystal structure descriptors from multiplicative congruential generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Certain number-theoretic relations, known as multiplicative congruential generators, are developed into quantitative crystal structure descriptors, facilitating a linearization procedure that eventually allows for a concise, fully reconstructable representation of structural information. Potential applications are related to the computational storage, retrieval and analysis of crystal structures, their algorithmic generation in the first place, and their combinatorial enumeration and classification.

Hornfeck, W.

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

A straightforward computational approach for measuring nestedness using quantitative matrices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nestedness has been one of the most reported patterns of species distribution in metacommunities as well as of species interactions in bipartite networks. We propose here a straightforward approach for quantifying nestedness using quantitative instead ... Keywords: Abundance data, Biogeography, Community structure, Food webs, Fragmentation, Host-parasite interactions, Incidence matrix, Metacommunity, Mutualistic networks

Mário Almeida-Neto; Werner Ulrich

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 98 (2006) 220237  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discontinuities associated with the propagation of a radiation front in transient radiation transport. r 2005 q heat flux s geometric path length S source term in the radiative transfer equation t time tc timeJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 98 (2006) 220­237 Modified method

Pilon, Laurent

291

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 91 (2005) 2746  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used in the field of transport phenomena simulation, and more specifically in the field of radiative (application of the reciprocity principle to the integral form of the radiative transfer equation), and to netJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 91 (2005) 27­46 A boundary-based net

Dufresne, Jean-Louis

292

Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph Dorit Ron and Adi Shamir Department.ron,adi.shamir}@weizmann.ac.il Abstract. The Bitcoin scheme is a rare example of a large scale global payment system in which all and how they spend their bitcoins, the balance of bitcoins they keep in their accounts, and how they move

293

White Matter Glucose Metabolism during Intracortical Electrostimulation: A Quantitative [18  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Matter Glucose Metabolism during Intracortical Electrostimulation: A Quantitative [18 F compared to 27.87 mol/min/100 g at baseline. LCMR- glu in gray and white matter control areas was stable in white matter, correlations between neural activity and LC- MRglu have never been explicitly addressed

294

Quantitative Spreading Kinetics of a Three Molecular Layer Liquid Patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative Spreading Kinetics of a Three Molecular Layer Liquid Patch ... The late stage kinetics of the spreading of a smectic nanodrop on a solid surface was investigated by direct and real time imaging of a three molecular layer patch using the SEEC microscopy. ... (15) At some stage of the spreading kinetics, the structure reduces to a single bilayer patch lying on the surface monolayer. ...

Olivier Noel; Jean-Luc Buraud; Laurent Berger; Dominique Ausserre?

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

295

Search Results | DOEpatents  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Sort by Date Sort by Relevance Prev Next Search Results for: All records (Enter search terms to narrow results) Search Results for: All records (Enter search terms to narrow...

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - amyloid heart disease Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heart disease Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: amyloid heart disease Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Imaging and In Vivo Quantitation of...

297

Note on Kroll and Watson's low-frequency result for the multiphoton bremsstrahlung process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through a detailed analysis of the second Born amplitude, an alternative derivation of Kroll and Watson's low-frequency result for the multiphoton bremsstrahlung process is given.

B. J. Choudhury

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

SciTech Connect: Charpy impact test results on five materials...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Conference: Charpy impact test results on five materials and NIST verification specimens using instrumented 2-mm and 8-mm strikers Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Charpy...

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - atic experiment science Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

experiment science Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atic experiment science Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A detailed FLUKA-2005...

300

Effect of explicit representation of detailed stratigraphy on brine and gas flow at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

Stratigraphic units of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) disposal room horizon includes various layers of halite, polyhalitic halite, argillaceous halite, clay, and anhydrite. Current models, including those used in the WIPP Performance Assessment calculations, employ a ``composite stratigraphy`` approach in modeling. This study was initiated to evaluate the impact that an explicit representation of detailed stratigraphy around the repository may have on fluid flow compared to the simplified ``composite stratigraphy`` models currently employed. Sensitivity of model results to intrinsic permeability anisotropy, interbed fracturing, two-phase characteristic curves, and gas-generation rates were studied. The results of this study indicate that explicit representation of the stratigraphy maintains higher pressures and does not allow as much fluid to leave the disposal room as compared to the ``composite stratigraphy`` approach. However, the differences are relatively small. Gas migration distances are also different between the two approaches. However, for the two cases in which explicit layering results were considerably different than the composite model (anisotropic and vapor-limited), the gas-migration distances for both models were negligible. For the cases in which gas migration distances were considerable, van Genuchten/Parker and interbed fracture, the differences between the two models were fairly insignificant. Overall, this study suggests that explicit representation of the stratigraphy in the WIPP PA models is not required for the parameter variations modeled if ``global quantities`` (e.g., disposal room pressures, net brine and gas flux into and out of disposal rooms) are the only concern.

Christian-Frear, T.L.; Webb, S.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geohydrology Dept.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

LCLS-schedul_run-II_10_05_6-detail.xls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User-Assisted Commissioning Run II Detailed Schedule, May 6-September 13, 2010 User-Assisted Commissioning Run II Detailed Schedule, May 6-September 13, 2010 Thurs Fri Sat Sun Mon Tues Wed BL Prop# Spokesperson/ PI Planned Activity/Experiment Title POC AD Program Deputy Week 1 6-May 7-May 8-May 9-May 10-May 11-May 12-May Day SXR com SXR com SXR com SXR com SXR com MD MD SXR L805 Bill Schlotter SXR Commissioning Schlotter H-D. Nuhn Night Küpper Küpper Küpper Küpper Küpper MD ROD AMO L011 Jochen Küpper Diffractive Imaging of Oriented Molecules in the Gas Phase Bostedt (H. Loos on Monday) Week 2 13-May 14-May 15-May 16-May 17-May 18-May 19-May Day SXR com SXR com SXR com SXR com SXR com MD MD SXR L805 Bill Schlotter SXR Commissioning Schlotter A. Brachman Night Küpper Küpper Küpper Küpper Küpper MD ROD AMO L128 Jochen Küpper Fragmentation Holography: Diffractive imaging of ultrafast dissociation dynamics of aligned and

302

Special Event/Tour Detail: Ask-a-Scientist Guided Tour of Fermilab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Special Event/Tour Detail: Ask-a-Scientist Guided Tour of Fermilab Special Event/Tour Detail: Ask-a-Scientist Guided Tour of Fermilab Tour Info Public Tours Registrar Calendar Special Event/Tours Audience: Public, Teachers, Students, Grades 6 - Adult Description: Take science questions straight to experts. Physicists answer questions and explain everything from the Big Bang to how a particle accelerator works. Ask a Scientist is held from 1 PM to 4 PM on the first Sunday of the month (except holiday weekends when we delay by one week and in the month of the Family Open House). Each three-hour session includes a presentation by a scientist, a tour, and a Q & A period. The docent-led tour includes visiting the 1st and 15th floor of Wilson Hall, the Linac building with the first two accelerators, the neutron therapy area and the Main Control Room. There is no charge for the session, but advance registration is required. The minimum age for the tour is 10 years old. No exceptions.

303

Detailed Spectral Modeling of a 3-D Pulsating Reverse Detonation Model: Too Much Nickel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate detailed NLTE synthetic spectra of a Pulsating Reverse Detonation (PRD) model, a novel explosion mechanism for Type Ia supernovae. While the hydro models are calculated in 3-D, the spectra use an angle averaged hydro model and thus some of the 3-D details are lost, but the overall average should be a good representation of the average observed spectra. We study the model at 3 epochs: maximum light, seven days prior to maximum light, and 5 days after maximum light. At maximum the defining Si II feature is prominent, but there is also a prominent C II feature, not usually observed in normal SNe Ia near maximum. We compare to the early spectrum of SN 2006D which did show a prominent C II feature, but the fit to the observations is not compelling. Finally we compare to the post-maximum UV+optical spectrum of SN 1992A. With the broad spectral coverage it is clear that the iron-peak elements on the outside of the model push too much flux to the red and thus the particular PRD realizations studied would be intrinsically far redder than observed SNe Ia. We briefly discuss variations that could improve future PRD models.

E. Baron; David J. Jeffery; David Branch; Eduardo Bravo; Domingo Garcia-Senz; Peter H. Hauschildt

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

304

Detailed numerical simulation of syngas combustion under partially premixed combustion engine conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-dimensional detailed numerical simulation is performed to study syngas/air combustion under partially premixed combustion (PPC) engine conditions. Detailed chemical kinetics and transport properties are employed in the study. The fuel, a mixture of CO and H2 with a 1:1 molar ratio, is introduced to the domain at two different instances of time, corresponding to the multiple injection strategy of fuel used in PPC engines. It is found that the ratio of the fuel mass between the second injection and the first injection affects the combustion and emission process greatly; there is a tradeoff between NO emission and CO emission when varying the fuel mass ratio. The ignition zone structures under various fuel mass ratios are examined. A premixed burn region and a diffusion burn region are identified. The premixed burn region ignites first, followed by the ignition of mixtures at the diffusion burn region, and finally a thin diffusion flame is formed to burn out the remaining fuel. NO is produced mainly in the premixed burn region, and later from the diffusion burn region in mixtures close to stoichiometry, whereas unburned CO emission is mainly from the diffusion burn region. An optimization of the fuel mass in the two regions can offer a better tradeoff between NO emission and CO emission. The effects of initial temperature and turbulence on the premixed burn and diffusion burn regions are investigated.

F. Zhang; R. Yu; X.S. Bai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Quantitative analysis of tin alloy combined with artificial neural network prediction  

SciTech Connect

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy was applied to quantitative analysis of three impurities in Sn alloy. The impurities analysis was based on the internal standard method using the Sn I 333.062-nm line as the reference line to achieve the best reproducible results. Minor-element concentrations (Ag, Cu, Pb) in the alloy were comparatively evaluated by artificial neural networks (ANNs) and calibration curves. ANN was found to effectively predict elemental concentrations with a trend of nonlinear growth due to self-absorption. The limits of detection for Ag, Cu, and Pb in Sn alloy were determined to be 29, 197, and 213 ppm, respectively.

Oh, Seong Y.; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, Jagdish P.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Terascale High-Fidelity Simulations of Turbulent Combustion with Detailed Chemistry  

SciTech Connect

The TSTC project is a multi-university collaborative effort to develop a high-fidelity turbulent reacting flow simulation capability utilizing terascale, massively parallel computer technology. The main paradigm of our approach is direct numerical simulation (DNS) featuring highest temporal and spatial accuracy, allowing quantitative observations of the fine-scale physics found in turbulent reacting flows as well as providing a useful tool for development of sub-models needed in device-level simulations. The code named S3D, developed and shared with Chen and coworkers at Sandia National Laboratories, has been enhanced with new numerical algorithms and physical models to provide predictive capabilities for spray dynamics, combustion, and pollutant formation processes in turbulent combustion. Major accomplishments include improved characteristic boundary conditions, fundamental studies of auto-ignition in turbulent stratified reactant mixtures, flame-wall interaction, and turbulent flame extinction by water spray. The overarching scientific issue in our recent investigations is to characterize criticality phenomena (ignition/extinction) in turbulent combustion, thereby developing unified criteria to identify ignition and extinction conditions. The computational development under TSTC has enabled the recent large-scale 3D turbulent combustion simulations conducted at Sandia National Laboratories.

Hong G. Im; Arnaud Trouve; Christopher J. Rutland; Jacqueline H. Chen

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Most Detailed Picture Yet of a Key AIDS Protein | Advanced Photon  

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Superconductivity with Stripes Superconductivity with Stripes How HIV Infects Cells Simulating Deep Earthquakes in the Laboratory A "Sponge" Path to Better Catalysts and Energy Materials Metal Model Mimics Metalloenzymes Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed The Most Detailed Picture Yet of a Key AIDS Protein November 14, 2013 Bookmark and Share The structure of the human immunodeficiency virus envelope protein, shown here bound by broadly neutralizing antibodies against two distinct sites of vulnerability. (Courtesy of The Scripps Research Institute) The first atomic-level structure of the tripartite HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) envelope protein-long considered one of the most

308

Posters A One-Dimensional Radiative Convective Model with Detailed Cloud Microphysics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Posters A One-Dimensional Radiative Convective Model with Detailed Cloud Microphysics J. Simmons, O. Lie-Svendsen, and K. Stamnes Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska The Arctic is a key element in determining the radiation budget of the earth. Within the polar regions, the net radiation (incoming solar radiation minus outgoing infrared radiation) is negative. To understand the role this energy deficit plays in the overall radiation budget, one must examine the prevalent atmospheric features of the Arctic. One such feature is a persistent layer of low-altitude, stratiform clouds found over the central Arctic predominantly from April to September (Tsay et al. 1984). These Arctic stratus clouds (ASC) modulate the earth's radiation budget

309

Detailed discussions and calculations of quantum Regge calculus of Einstein-Cartan theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents detailed discussions and calculations of the recent paper “Quantum Regge calculus of Einstein-Cartan theory” in 9. The Euclidean space-time is discretized by a four-dimensional simplicial complex. We adopt basic tetrad and spin-connection fields to describe the simplicial complex. By introducing diffeomorphism and local Lorentz invariant holonomy fields, we construct a regularized Einstein-Cartan theory for studying the quantum dynamics of the simplicial complex and fermion fields. This regularized Einstein-Cartan action is shown to properly approach to its continuum counterpart in the continuum limit. Based on the local Lorentz invariance, we derive the dynamical equations satisfied by invariant holonomy fields. In the mean-field approximation, we show that the averaged size of 4-simplex, the element of the simplicial complex, is larger than the Planck length. This formulation provides a theoretical framework for analytical calculations and numerical simulations to study the quantum Einstein-Cartan theory.

She-Sheng Xue

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of biodiesel fuels blend surrogate.  

SciTech Connect

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms were developed and used to study the oxidation of two large unsaturated esters: methyl-5-decenoate and methyl-9-decenoate. These models were built from a previous methyl decanoate mechanism and were compared with rapeseed oil methyl esters oxidation experiments in a jet stirred reactor. A comparative study of the reactivity of these three oxygenated compounds was performed and the differences in the distribution of the products of the reaction were highlighted showing the influence of the presence and the position of a double bond in the chain. Blend surrogates, containing methyl decanoate, methyl-5-decenoate, methyl-9-decenoate and n-alkanes, were tested against rapeseed oil methyl esters and methyl palmitate/n-decane experiments. These surrogate models are realistic kinetic tools allowing the study of the combustion of biodiesel fuels in diesel and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

Detailed investigation of a pulverized fuel swirl flame in CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

A novel approach to oxycoal flame stabilization has been developed at the Institute of Heat and Mass Transfer at RWTH Aachen University [D. Toporov, M. Foerster, R. Kneer, in: Third Int. Conf. on Clean Coal Technologies for Our Future, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, 15-17 May 2007]. The swirl burner design and its operating conditions have been adjusted in order to enforce CO formation thus stabilizing the flame and obtaining a full burnout at levels of O{sub 2} content in the O{sub 2}/CO{sub 2} mixture similar to those in air. The paper presents results of detailed numerical and experimental investigations of a stable oxy-fired pulverized coal swirl flame (type-2) obtained with a 21 vol% O{sub 2} concentration. The combustion tests were performed in a vertical pilot-scale furnace (100 kW{sub th}) in the framework of the OXYCOAL-AC research project aiming to develop a membrane-based oxyfuel process. The experimental results concerning gas velocities, gas and particle temperatures, and gas compositions are presented and discussed, focusing on the underlying mechanisms as well as on the aerodynamics of the oxycoal flame. A comparison between measurements and simulations has shown the validity of the numerical method used. The reported data set can be used for validation of numerical models developed for prediction of oxyfuel combustion. (author)

Toporov, D.; Bocian, P.; Heil, P.; Kellermann, A.; Stadler, H.; Tschunko, S.; Foerster, M.; Kneer, R. [Institute of Heat and Mass Transfer, RWTH Aachen University, Eilfschornsteinstrasse 18, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Multiphysics modeling of carbon gasification processes in a well-stirred reactor with detailed gas-phase chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiphysics modeling of carbon gasification processes in a well-stirred reactor with detailed gas: Coal gasification Carbon gasification Detailed chemistry Heterogeneous surface reactions Radiation Multi-physics numerical modeling a b s t r a c t Fuel synthesis through coal and biomass gasification

Qiao, Li

313

Detailed Hydration Maps of Benzene and Cyclohexane Reveal Distinct Water Structures Tanya M. Raschke* and Michael Levitt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water to exclude apolar groups play a key role in the stabilization of protein native states,1Detailed Hydration Maps of Benzene and Cyclohexane Reveal Distinct Water Structures Tanya M of a single solute in water. Detailed, spatially resolved, three-dimensional maps of the density of the water

Raschke, Tanya M.

314

Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in the U.S.: Detailed Report and Appendices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-45917 Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in the U.S.: Detailed Report..............................................................................................46 #12;#12;1 Electricity Used by Office Equipment and Network Equipment in the U.S. Kaoru Kawamoto and network equipment, there has been no recent study that estimates in detail how much electricity

315

Research Spending and Results | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Spending and Results Research Spending and Results BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA » Data Research Spending and Results Dataset Summary Description Research.gov Research Spending and Results is an online, user-friendly platform to access and search detailed information about federally funded science and engineering research and education, giving the general public, the scientific community and Congress visibility into the results achieved with federally-funded research. Research awards are easily searchable by agency, awardee, award amount and date, state and congressional district (where award was made and the work is being performed), and key word such as a field of science. Information can be reviewed online or exported to various file formats, such as XML, CSV and XLS. Detailed information on federally funded research can be found for multiple agencies. Information provided for each award includes: * Award recipient (institution and researcher), * Award Amount and funds obligated to date, * Period of Performance, * State and Congressional district of where the award was made and where the work is being performed., * Award Abstract describing the research effort, * Citations of Journals Published as a result of the award

316

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Quantitative Analysis of Connexin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantitative Analysis of Connexin Expression in Cultured Colonies Quantitative Analysis of Connexin Expression in Cultured Colonies Authors: B. Parvin, Q. Yang, R. L. Henshall-Powell and M.H. Barcellos Hoff We are studying the effects of ionizing radiation on the signaling between human mammary epithelial cells and the extracellular microenvironment. To do so we use an assay based on the ability of the cells to organize into three-dimensional acini when embedded into an extracellular matrix. Although tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic mammary epithelial cells are nearly indistinguishable when cultured as monolayers, their biological character readily diverge when tissue-specific morphogenesis is analyzed. Non-malignant human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) cultured within a reconstituted basement membrane organize into acinar-like structures with

317

Direct and quantitative photothermal absorption spectroscopy of individual particulates  

SciTech Connect

Photonic structures can exhibit significant absorption enhancement when an object's length scale is comparable to or smaller than the wavelength of light. This property has enabled photonic structures to be an integral component in many applications such as solar cells, light emitting diodes, and photothermal therapy. To characterize this enhancement at the single particulate level, conventional methods have consisted of indirect or qualitative approaches which are often limited to certain sample types. To overcome these limitations, we used a bilayer cantilever to directly and quantitatively measure the spectral absorption efficiency of a single silicon microwire in the visible wavelength range. We demonstrate an absorption enhancement on a per unit volume basis compared to a thin film, which shows good agreement with Mie theory calculations. This approach offers a quantitative approach for broadband absorption measurements on a wide range of photonic structures of different geometric and material compositions.

Tong, Jonathan K.; Hsu, Wei-Chun; Eon Han, Sang; Burg, Brian R.; Chen, Gang, E-mail: gchen2@mit.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Zheng, Ruiting [Key Laboratory of Radiation Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Radiation Beam Technology and Materials Modification of Ministry of Education, College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Shen, Sheng [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

318

Experimental bath engineering for quantitative studies of quantum control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop and demonstrate a technique to engineer universal unitary baths in quantum systems. Using the correspondence between unitary decoherence due to ambient environmental noise and errors in a control system for quantum bits, we show how a wide variety of relevant classical error models may be realized through In-Phase/Quadrature modulation on a vector signal generator producing a resonant carrier signal. We demonstrate our approach through high-bandwidth modulation of the 12.6 GHz carrier appropriate for trapped $^{171}$Yb$^{+}$ ions. Experiments demonstrate the reduction of coherent lifetime in the system in the presence of an engineered bath, with the observed $T_{2}$ scaling as predicted by a quantitative model described herein. These techniques form the basis of a toolkit for quantitative tests of quantum control protocols, helping experimentalists characterize the performance of their quantum coherent systems.

A. Soare; H. Ball; D. Hayes; X. Zhen; M. C. Jarratt; J. Sastrawan; H. Uys; M. J. Biercuk

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

319

Review of progress in quantitative NDE. [Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE)  

SciTech Connect

This booklet is composed of abstracts from papers submitted at a meeting on quantitative NDE. A multitude of topics are discussed including analysis of composite materials, NMR uses, x-ray instruments and techniques, manufacturing uses, neural networks, eddy currents, stress measurements, magnetic materials, adhesive bonds, signal processing, NDE of mechanical structures, tomography,defect sizing, NDE of plastics and ceramics, new techniques, optical and electromagnetic techniques, and nonlinear techniques. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The purification, quantitation and EPR characterization of human lactoferrin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PURIFICATION, QUANTITATION AND EPR CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN LACTOFERRIN A Thesis by GREGORY ARNOLD GRAYBILL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1987 Major Subject: Biochemistry THE PURIFICATION, QUANTKATION AND EPR CHARACTERIZATION OF ~ LACTOFERRIN A Thesis by GREGORY ARNOLD GRAYBILL Approved as to style and content by George W. tes (Chair of Committee) David N. Mc...

Graybill, Gregory Arnold

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A method for direct, semi-quantitative analysis of gas phase samples using gas chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

A new and complete GC–ICP-MS method is described for direct analysis of trace metals in a gas phase process stream. The proposed method is derived from standard analytical procedures developed for ICP-MS, which are regularly exercised in standard ICP-MS laboratories. In order to implement the method, a series of empirical factors were generated to calibrate detector response with respect to a known concentration of an internal standard analyte. Calibrated responses are ultimately used to determine the concentration of metal analytes in a gas stream using a semi-quantitative algorithm. The method was verified using a traditional gas injection from a GC sampling valve and a standard gas mixture containing either a 1 ppm Xe + Kr mix with helium balance or 100 ppm Xe with helium balance. Data collected for Xe and Kr gas analytes revealed that agreement of 6–20% with the actual concentration can be expected for various experimental conditions. To demonstrate the method using a relevant “unknown” gas mixture, experiments were performed for continuous 4 and 7 hour periods using a Hg-containing sample gas that was co-introduced into the GC sample loop with the xenon gas standard. System performance and detector response to the dilute concentration of the internal standard were pre-determined, which allowed semi-quantitative evaluation of the analyte. The calculated analyte concentrations varied during the course of the 4 hour experiment, particularly during the first hour of the analysis where the actual Hg concentration was under predicted by up to 72%. Calculated concentration improved to within 30–60% for data collected after the first hour of the experiment. Similar results were seen during the 7 hour test with the deviation from the actual concentration being 11–81% during the first hour and then decreasing for the remaining period. The method detection limit (MDL) was determined for the mercury by injecting the sample gas into the system following a period of equilibration. The MDL for Hg was calculated as 6.8 ?g · m{sup ? 3}. This work describes the first complete GC–ICP-MS method to directly analyze gas phase samples, and detailed sample calculations and comparisons to conventional ICP-MS methods are provided.

Carter, Kimberly E.; Gerdes, Kirk

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Graphite Gamma Scan Results  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the measurement and data analysis of the radio isotopic content for a series of graphite specimens irradiated in the first Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) experiment, AGC-1. This is the first of a series of six capsules planned as part of the AGC experiment to fully characterize the neutron irradiation effects and radiation creep behavior of current nuclear graphites. The AGC-1 capsule was irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at INL at approximately 700 degrees C and to a peak dose of 7 dpa (displacements per atom). Details of the irradiation conditions and other characterization measurements performed on specimens in the AGC-1 capsule can be found in “AGC-1 Specimen Post Irradiation Data Report” ORNL/TM 2013/242. Two specimens from six different graphite types are analyzed here. Each specimen is 12.7 mm in diameter by 25.4 mm long. The isotope with the highest activity was 60Co. Graphite type NBG-18 had the highest content of 60Co with an activity of 142.89 µCi at a measurement distance of 47 cm.

Mark W. Drigert

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A novel Ebola virus expressing luciferase allows for rapid and quantitative testing of antivirals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ebola virus (EBOV) causes a severe hemorrhagic fever with case fatality rates of up to 90%, for which no antiviral therapies are available. Antiviral screening is hampered by the fact that development of cytopathic effect, the easiest means to detect infection with wild-type EBOV, is relatively slow. To overcome this problem we generated a recombinant EBOV carrying a luciferase reporter. Using this virus we show that EBOV entry is rapid, with viral protein expression detectable within 2 h after infection. Further, luminescence-based assays were developed to allow highly sensitive titer determination within 48 h. As a proof-of-concept for its utility in antiviral screening we used this virus to assess neutralizing antibodies and siRNAs, with significantly faster screening times than currently available wild-type or recombinant viruses. The availability of this recombinant virus will allow for more rapid and quantitative evaluation of antivirals against EBOV, as well as the study of details of the EBOV life cycle.

Thomas Hoenen; Allison Groseth; Julie Callison; Ayato Takada; Heinz Feldmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Quantitative autoradiography of muscarinic and benzodiazepine receptors in the forebrain of the turtle, Pseudemys scripta  

SciTech Connect

The distribution of muscarinic and benzodiazepine receptors was investigated in the turtle forebrain by the technique of in vitro receptor autoradiography. Muscarinic binding sites were labeled with 1 nM /sup 3/H-quinuclidinyl benzilate (/sup 3/H-QNB), and benzodiazepine sites were demonstrated with the aid of 1 nM /sup 3/H-flunitrazepam (/sup 3/H-FLU). Autoradiograms generated on /sup 3/H-Ultrofilm apposed to tissue slices revealed regionally specific distributions of muscarinic and benzodiazepine binding sites that are comparable with those for mammalian brain. Dense benzodiazepine binding was found in the anterior olfactory nucleus, the lateral and dorsal cortices, and the dorsal ventricular ridge (DVR), a structure with no clear mammalian homologue. Muscarinic binding sites were most dense in the striatum, accumbens, DVR, lateral geniculate, and the anterior olfactory nucleus. Cortical binding sites were studied in greater detail by quantitative analysis of autoradiograms generated by using emulsion-coated coverslips. Laminar gradients of binding were observed that were specific for each radioligand; /sup 3/H-QNB sites were most dense in the inner molecular layer in all cortical regions, whereas /sup 3/H-FLU binding was generally most concentrated in the outer molecular layer and was least dense through all layers in the dorsomedial cortex. Because pyramidal cells are arranged in register in turtle cortex, the laminar patterns of receptor binding may reflect different receptor density gradients along pyramidal cell dendrites.

Schlegel, J.R.; Kriegstein, A.R.

1987-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

325

Overview of ALICE results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ALICE detector was designed to study the physics of matter under extreme conditions of high energy density. Different results were reported by the experiment using data from the successful run I of the LHC. The goal of the present work is to present an overview of recent ALICE results. This comprises selected results from several analyses of pp, p-pb and Pb-Pb data at the LHC energies.

Ortiz, Antonio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Overview of ALICE results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ALICE detector was designed to study the physics of matter under extreme conditions of high energy density. Different results were reported by the experiment using data from the successful run I of the LHC. The goal of the present work is to present an overview of recent ALICE results. This comprises selected results from several analyses of pp, p-pb and Pb-Pb data at the LHC energies.

Antonio Ortiz; for the ALICE Collaboration

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

327

Region-based quantitative and hierarchical attribute reduction in the two-category decision theoretic rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantitative attribute reduction exhibits applicability but complexity when compared to qualitative reduction. According to the two-category decision theoretic rough set model, this paper mainly investigates quantitative reducts and their hierarchies (with qualitative reducts) from a regional perspective. (1) An improved type of classification regions is proposed, and its preservation reduct (CRP-Reduct) is studied. (2) Reduction targets and preservation properties of set regions are analyzed, and the set-region preservation reduct (SRP-Reduct) is studied. (3) Separability of set regions and rule consistency is verified, and the quantitative and qualitative double-preservation reduct (DP-Reduct) is established. (4) Hierarchies of CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct are explored with two qualitative reducts: the Pawlak-Reduct and knowledge-preservation reduct (KP-Reduct). (5) Finally, verification experiments are provided. CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct expand layer by layer Pawlak-Reduct and exhibit quantitative applicability, and the experimental results indicate their effectiveness and hierarchies regarding Pawlak-Reduct and KP-Reduct.

Xianyong Zhang; Duoqian Miao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Testbed: Published Results  

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Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

329

Label-Free Quantitative LC?MS Proteomics of Alzheimer&rsquo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Label-Free Quantitative LC?MS Proteomics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Normally Aged Human Brains. Label-Free Quantitative LC?MS Proteomics of Alzheimer’s...

330

Quantitative Resistance of Potato to Pectobacterium atrosepticum and Phytophthora infestans: Integrating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative Resistance of Potato to Pectobacterium atrosepticum and Phytophthora infestans atrosepticum and Phytophthora infestans) differing by their infectious processes and five potato cultivars D, Val F (2011) Quantitative Resistance of Potato to Pectobacterium atrosepticum and Phytophthora

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Detailed microscopic calculation of stellar electron and positron capture rates on $^{24}$Mg for O+Ne+Mg core simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Few white dwarfs, located in binary systems, may acquire sufficiently high mass accretion rates resulting in the burning of carbon and oxygen under nondegenerate conditions forming a O+Ne+Mg core. These O+Ne+Mg cores are gravitationally less bound than more massive progenitor stars and can release more energy due to the nuclear burning. They are also amongst the probable candidates for low entropy r-process sites. Recent observations of subluminous Type II-P supernovae (e.g., 2005cs, 2003gd, 1999br, 1997D) were able to rekindle the interest in 8 -- 10 M$_{\\odot}$ which develop O+Ne+Mg cores. Microscopic calculations of capture rates on $^{24}$Mg, which may contribute significantly to the collapse of O+Ne+Mg cores, using shell model and proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory, were performed earlier and comparisons made. Simulators, however, may require these capture rates on a fine scale. For the first time a detailed microscopic calculation of the electron and positron capture rates on $^{24}$Mg on an extensive temperature-density scale is presented here. This type of scale is more appropriate for interpolation purposes and of greater utility for simulation codes. The calculations are done using the pn-QRPA theory using a separable interaction. The deformation parameter, believed to be a key parameter in QRPA calculations, is adopted from experimental data to further increase the reliability of the QRPA results. The resulting calculated rates are up to a factor of 14 or more enhanced as compared to shell model rates and may lead to some interesting scenario for core collapse simulators.

Jameel-Un Nabi

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Recent results from TRISTAN  

SciTech Connect

TRISTAN results on {gamma}{gamma} physics from 1994 to 1995 are reviewed in this report. We have systematically investigated jet production, the {gamma}-structure function, and charm pair production in {gamma}{gamma} processes. The results are discussed, and future prospects are presented.

Enomoto, Ryoji [National Laboratory for High Energy Physics, Ibaraki (Japan)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Detailed analyses of FCC decant oil as a starting feedstock for mesophase pitch  

SciTech Connect

Four typical DOs supplied from Japanese refineries were analyzed in detail by GC, FD-MS {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C-NMR after the fractionations by column chromatography. A DO carries 30% saturate and 70% aromatic fractions. The saturate consisted principally of the straight paraffins. The aromatic fraction was separated into five substractions (AR1 - AR5) of which contents distributed rather evenly, the middle fraction (AR 3) occupying the largest of 30%. The aromatic components had consisted of aromatic rings from 2(AR1) to 4(AR4+5), of some aryl-aryl linkages and naphthenic rings being included. The lighter aromatic fraction carried more alkyl groups, enhance its solubility and elution in the column. B DO appeared heaviest among the DOs in the present study. The oils carried only 10% of the saturate and 75% of AR3-AR5 aromatic subfractions. Its saturate was of carried rather short chains and more isoparaffins. Its aromatic components had very similar aromatic units to those of A DO in the same subfraction, although the heaviest fraction of the former once contained also a small portion of 6 aromatic rings.

Mochida, I.; Korai, Y.; Hieida, T. (Inst. of Advanced Material Study, Kyushu Univ. 86, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816 (JP)); Azuma, A.; Kitajima, E. (Osaka Research Lab., Koa Oil Co. Ltd., Takaishi-shi Osaka 592 (JP))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Details in Semiconductors Gordon Conference, New London, NH, August 3-8, 2008  

SciTech Connect

Continuing its tradition of excellence, this Gordon Conference will focus on research at the forefront of the field of defects in homogeneous and structured semiconductors. The conference will have a strong emphasis on the control of defects during growth and processing, with an increases emphasis on nanostructures as compared to previous conferences. Electronic, magnetic, and optical properties of bulk, thin film, and nanoscale semiconductors will be discussed in detail. In contrast to many conferences, which tend to focus on specific semiconductors, this conference deals with defects in a broad range of bulk and nanoscale electronic materials. This approach has proved to be extremely fruitful for advancing fundamental understanding in emerging materials such as wide-band-gap semiconductors, doped nanoparticles, and organic semiconductors. Presentations of state-of-the-art theoretical methods will contribute to a fundamental understanding of atomic-scale phenomena. The program consists of about twenty invited talks, with plenty of discussion time, and a number of contributed poster sessions. Because of the large amount of discussion time, the conference provides an ideal forum for dealing with topics that are new and/or controversial.

Shengbai Zhang and Nancy Ryan Gray

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Detailed thermal performance data on conventional and highly insulating window systems  

SciTech Connect

Data on window heat-transfer properties (U-value and shading coefficient (SC)) are usually presented only for a few window designs at specific environmental conditions. With the introduction of many new window glazing configurations (using low-emissivity coatings and gas fills) and the interest in their annual energy performance, it is important to understand the effects of window design parameters and environmental conditions on U and SC. This paper discusses the effects of outdoor temperature, wind speed, insolation, surface emittance, and gap width on the thermal performance of both conventional and highly insulating windows. Some of these data have been incorporated into the fenestration chapter of the ''ASHRAE Handbook - 1985 Fundamentals.'' The heat-transfer properties of multiglazed insulating window designs are also presented. These window systems include those having (1) one or more low-emittance coatings; (2) low-conductivity gas-fill or evacuated cavities; (3) a layer of transparent silica aerogel, a highly insulating microporous material; or (4) combinations of the above. Using the detailed building energy analysis program, DOE 2.1B, we show that these systems, which all maintain high solar transmittance, can add more useful thermal energy to a space than they lose, even in a northern climate. Thus, in terms of seasonal energy flows, these fenestration systems out-perform insulated walls or roofs.

Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Hartmann, J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

China's Building Energy Use: A Long-Term Perspective based on a Detailed Assessment  

SciTech Connect

We present here a detailed, service-based model of China's building energy use, nested in the GCAM (Global Change Assessment Model) integrated assessment framework. Using the model, we explore long-term pathways of China's building energy use and identify opportunities of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The inclusion of a structural model of building energy demands within an integrated assessment framework represents a major methodological advance. It allows for a structural understanding of the drivers of building energy consumption while simultaneously considering the other human and natural system interactions that influence changes in the global energy system and climate. We also explore a range of different scenarios to gain insights into how China's building sector might evolve and what the implications might be for improved building energy technology and carbon policies. The analysis suggests that China's building energy growth will not wane anytime soon, although technology improvement will put downward pressure on this growth. Also, regardless of the scenarios represented, the growth will involve the continued, rapid electrification of the buildings sector throughout the century, and this transition will be accelerated by the implementation of carbon policy.

Eom, Jiyong; Clarke, Leon E.; Kim, Son H.; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

337

A DETAILED MODEL ATMOSPHERE ANALYSIS OF COOL WHITE DWARFS IN THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

We present optical spectroscopy and near-infrared photometry of 126 cool white dwarfs (WDs) in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Our sample includes high proper motion targets selected using the SDSS and USNO-B astrometry and a dozen previously known ultracool WD candidates. Our optical spectroscopic observations demonstrate that a clean selection of large samples of cool WDs in the SDSS (and the SkyMapper, Pan-STARRS, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope data sets) is possible using a reduced proper motion diagram and a tangential velocity cut-off (depending on the proper motion accuracy) of 30 km s{sup -1}. Our near-infrared observations reveal eight new stars with significant absorption. We use the optical and near-infrared photometry to perform a detailed model atmosphere analysis. More than 80% of the stars in our sample are consistent with either pure hydrogen or pure helium atmospheres. However, the eight stars with significant infrared absorption and the majority of the previously known ultracool WD candidates are best explained with mixed hydrogen and helium atmosphere models. The age distribution of our sample is consistent with a Galactic disk age of 8 Gyr. A few ultracool WDs may be as old as 12-13 Gyr, but our models have problems matching the spectral energy distributions of these objects. There are only two halo WD candidates in our sample. However, trigonometric parallax observations are required for accurate mass and age determinations and to confirm their membership in the halo.

Kilic, Mukremin [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Leggett, S. K. [Gemini Observatory, 670 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Tremblay, P.-E.; Bergeron, P. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Von Hippel, Ted [Physics Department, Siena College, 515 Loudon Road, Loudonville, NY 12211 (United States); Harris, Hugh C.; Munn, Jeffrey A. [U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, 10391 W. Naval Observatory Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Williams, Kurtis A. [Department of Astronomy, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Gates, Evalyn [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Farihi, J., E-mail: mkilic@cfa.harvard.ed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Implementation of the NCN pathway of prompt-NO formation in the detailed reaction mechanism  

SciTech Connect

This work presents revised detailed reaction mechanism for small hydrocarbons combustion with possibly full implementation of available kinetic data related to the prompt NO route via NCN. It was demonstrated that model predictions with the rate constant of reaction CH + N{sub 2} = NCN + H measured by Vasudevan and co-workers are much higher than experimental concentrations of NO in rich premixed flames at atmospheric pressure. Analysis of the correlations of NO formation with calculated concentrations of C{sub 2}O radicals strongly supports the inclusion of reaction between C{sub 2}O and N{sub 2} and reduction of the rate constant of reaction between CH and N{sub 2}. Rate constants of the reactions of NCN consumption were mostly taken from the works of Lin and co-workers. Some of these reactions affect calculated profiles of NCN in flames. Proposed modifications allow accurate prediction of NO formation in lean and rich flames of methane, ethylene, ethane and propane. Agreement of the experiments and the modeling was much improved as compared to the previous Release 0.5 of the Konnov mechanism. Satisfactory agreement with available measurements of NCN radicals in low pressure flames was also demonstrated. (author)

Konnov, A.A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

A Detailed Survey on Various Aspects of SQL Injection: Vulnerabilities, Innovative Attacks, and Remedies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In today's world, Web applications play a very important role in individual life as well as in any country's development. Web applications have gone through a very rapid growth in the recent years and their adoption is moving faster than that was expected few years ago. Now-a-days, billions of transactions are done online with the aid of different Web applications. Though these applications are used by hundreds of people, in many cases the security level is weak, which makes them vulnerable to get compromised. In most of the scenarios, a user has to be identified before any communication is established with the backend database. An arbitrary user should not be allowed access to the system without proof of valid credentials. However, a crafted injection gives access to unauthorized users. This is mostly accomplished via SQL Injection input. In spite of the development of different approaches to prevent SQL injection, it still remains an alarming threat to Web applications. In this paper, we present a detailed ...

Kindy, Diallo Abdoulaye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A unified model for the detailed investigation of membrane modules and RO plants performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work a straightforward procedure for the detailed investigation of the performance of the membrane modules and RO plants has been suggested. The analysis is based on analytical equations for a two dimensional flow of two components and determines the permeate flow rate and the quality of the produced water. A software was developed, based in the proposed mathematical model, which can predict the brine and permeate characteristics for every individual membrane module in the pressure vessels in an RO plant, regardless of the type of the membranes. The predictions of the proposed software were verified by experimental data for a 380 m3/d RO plant, with 8'' membrane module made by FilmTec. An excellent agreement was found between the prediction of the suggested model and the experimental data. The membrane performance predictions of the developed software were also compared and verified with the predictions made by commercial softwares of different membrane producers. The model can make prediction for any parameter at any point of the process. An equation for the permeate pressure in the membrane envelop was developed and the permeate pressure profile was presented and suggestions were made for possible weak points of the membrane envelops. It is believed that the analytical model which is presented in this work is a simple, accurate and quick procedure for modeling the RO plants performance and it can be applied in any type of membrane modul

S.A. Avlonitis; M. Pappas; K. Moutesidis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Detailed microscopic calculation of stellar electron and positron capture rates on $^{24}$Mg for O+Ne+Mg core simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Few white dwarfs, located in binary systems, may acquire sufficiently high mass accretion rates resulting in the burning of carbon and oxygen under nondegenerate conditions forming a O+Ne+Mg core. These O+Ne+Mg cores are gravitationally less bound than more massive progenitor stars and can release more energy due to the nuclear burning. They are also amongst the probable candidates for low entropy r-process sites. Recent observations of subluminous Type II-P supernovae (e.g., 2005cs, 2003gd, 1999br, 1997D) were able to rekindle the interest in 8 -- 10 M$_{\\odot}$ which develop O+Ne+Mg cores. Microscopic calculations of capture rates on $^{24}$Mg, which may contribute significantly to the collapse of O+Ne+Mg cores, using shell model and proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory, were performed earlier and comparisons made. Simulators, however, may require these capture rates on a fine scale. For the first time a detailed microscopic calculation of the electron and positron captur...

Nabi, Jameel-Un

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Energy Audit Results for Residential Building Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Audit Results for Residential Building Energy Efficiency Forrest City Phases I and II This report analyses complete energy audit results from 28 homes within the Forest City residential complex. Relationships between temperature, humidity, comfort, and energy consumption are detailed. Recommendations

343

Core Measure Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Measure Core Measure Results FY 07 Results FY 08 Results FY 09 Results FY 10 Target FY 10 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness NM 81 NM NM NM -Quality NM 90 NM NM NM Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. NM 87 NM NM NM Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 86 87 84 87 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: - % of delivery & purchase orders issued electronically as a % of total simplified actions 70 72 89 99 100 - % of new competitive transactions > $100K conducted through EC 70 72 91 100 95 Performance Based Service Contracts: - PBSCs awarded as a % of eligible new

344

Recent results from Belle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The review on experimental results on charmonium and charmonium-like spectroscopy from B-factories is presented. Main theoretical interpretations, such as conventional charmonium, molecular state, hybrids, tetraquarks and others are discussed.

T. Uglov

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Summary of TMX results: executive summary  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes results from the successful experimental operation of the Tandem Mirror Experiment (TMX) over the period October 1978 through September 1980. The experimental program, summarized by the DOE milestones given in Table 1, had three basic phases: (1) an 8-month checkout period, October 1978 through May 1979; (2) a 6-month initial period of operation, June through November 1979, during which the basic principles of the tandem configuration were demonstrated (i.e., plasma confinement was improved over that of a single-cell mirror); and (3) a 10-month period, December 1979 through September 1980, during which the initial TMX results were corroborated by additional diagnostic measurements and many detailed physics investigations were carried out. This report summarizes the early results, presents results of recent data analysis, and outlines areas of ongoing research.

Simonen, T.C. (ed.)

1981-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

346

PM2 DNA, Forms I and I: a quantitative comparison of strand breakage induced by ionizing radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Advisory Committee: Dr R. D. Neff A quantitative comparison of strand breakage production rates, induced by 250 kvP X-rays, was examined for PM2 DNA, Form I and Form I . Assay of the irrad. iated DNA samples was 0 accomplished by tube gel... AND METHODS DNA Preparation Radiation Protocol Azarose 1 Buffer ~garose Gels Tube Gel Electrophoresis Spectrofluorometry with Electronic Quantif'ication RESULTS DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX 1 APPENDIX 2 VITA ~Pa e ~ 22 22 24...

Myers, Peter Hall

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Indoor and soil gas radon simultaneous measurements for the purpose of detail analysis of radon entry pathways into houses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......on the modification of the standard BD method described in detail...concentration is variable during the standard indoor measurement campaign...symmetric against each other and standard indoor radon measurement...householder activities, including HVAC (heating, ventilation and......

A. Fronka

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

968 jf.R.Macdonald so much. It seems that this time we have to abandon the details of kinematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

968 jf.R.Macdonald so much. It seems that this time we have to abandon the details of kinematics Materials BY J. R. MACDONALD* Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford Communicatedby -7. H. E. Grifiths; MS. receaved

Macdonald, James Ross

349

Assessment of the peat resources of Florida, with a detailed survey of the northern everglades  

SciTech Connect

Available data, including previous publications, modern soil surveys, and detailed coring in the Northern Everglades for this project have been used to update information on Florida's peat resources. It is now estimated that Florida could, if no other constraints existed, produce 606 million tons of moisture-free fuel-grade peat, which may yield approximately 10.0 x 10/sup 15/ Btu of energy. These estimates are much lower than previously published projections for the state. The principal effort of this survey was in the largest peat region of the state, the Northern Everglades of Palm Beach and adjacent counties, where more than 800 core holes were drilled. Based on analyses of these cores, the Northern Everglades is now estimated to contain 191 million tons of moisture-free peat, with a potential energy yield of 2.98 x 10/sup 15/ Btu. These values are considerably less than previously published estimates, probably due to bacterial oxidation and other forms of drainage-induced subsidence in the Everglades agricultural areas. The present fuel-peat resources of the Northern Everglades occur in 19 separate deposits. Of these, the deposits in the Port Mayaca, Bryant, Six Mile Bend, and Loxahatchee Quadrangles comprise the highest concentration of the resource. These lands are generally privately owned and used for sugar cane and other crops, and the conversion of these lands to peat removal seems unlikely. It seems even less likely that the extensive peat deposits within the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge will be available for fuel use, barring a dire national emergency. The utilization of peat as a fuel must be approached with caution and careful study; large scale use may require state or federal action. 34 references.

Griffin, G.M.; Wieland, C.C.; Hood, L.Q.; Goode, R.W. III; Sawyer, R.K.; McNeill, D.F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Detailed gravity survey over a known carbonate reef (Devonian) in Williston basin  

SciTech Connect

A detailed gravity study, conducted over the Shell Golden carbonate reef located in the Winnipegosis Formation (Devonian) of the Williston basin in north-central North Dakota, indicates a massive carbonate platform with several interconnected vertical accumulations, perhaps pinnacle in nature, from this platform. This reef is found at a depth of about 2400 m (8000 ft). Because elevations and north-south positions were surveyed to /+-/3 cm (0.1 ft) and /+-/ 1 (3.3 ft), respectively, an accuracy of 0.01 mgal was obtained. Five profiles were made: three lines running east-west and two lines running north-south, forming a grid pattern over the reef. The distance between each line was 1.6 km (1.0 mi) with gravity-station spacing along each line being 0.4 km (0.25 mi). The Golden reef and most reefs of this nature throughout the North Dakota portion of the Williston basin have been interpreted to be isolated pinnacles with physical dimensions about 60-75 m (200-250 ft) thick and 0.8 km (0.5 mi) in basal diameter. However, analysis of the residual Bouguer gravity anomalies (0.2-0.5 mgal) obtained from this study indicates this reef is more complex than previously thought. The maximum thicknesses of the complex are on the order of 120-185 m (400-600 ft) with compaction anticlines also contributing to the total gravity anomaly. The modeled reef complex extends in a northeast-southwest direction and probably extends beyond the study area along that line.

Braun, S.M.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Quantitative infrared absorption cross sections of isoprene for atmospheric measurements  

SciTech Connect

The OH- and O3- initiated oxidations of isoprene, which is one of the primary volatile organic compounds produced by vegetation, are a major source of atmospheric formaldehyde and other oxygenated organics, yet little quantitative IR data exists for isoprene. We thus report absorption coefficients and integrated band intensities for isoprene in the 600 - 6500 cm-1 region. The pressure-broadened (1 atmosphere N2) spectra were recorded at 278, 298 and 323 K in a 19.96 cm path length cell at 0.112 cm-1 resolution, using a Bruker 66V FTIR. Composite spectra are derived from a minimum of seven pressures at each temperature.

Brauer, Carolyn S.; Blake, Thomas A.; Guenther, Alex B.; Sharpe, Steven W.; Sams, Robert L.; Johnson, Timothy J.

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

352

Comprehensive, Quantitative Risk Assessment of CO{sub 2} Geologic Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

A Quantitative Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (QFMEA) was developed to conduct comprehensive, quantitative risk assessments on CO{sub 2} capture, transportation, and sequestration or use in deep saline aquifers, enhanced oil recovery operations, or enhanced coal bed methane operations. The model identifies and characterizes potential risks; identifies the likely failure modes, causes, effects and methods of detection; lists possible risk prevention and risk mitigation steps; estimates potential damage recovery costs, mitigation costs and costs savings resulting from mitigation; and ranks (prioritizes) risks according to the probability of failure, the severity of failure, the difficulty of early failure detection and the potential for fatalities. The QFMEA model generates the necessary information needed for effective project risk management. Diverse project information can be integrated into a concise, common format that allows comprehensive, quantitative analysis, by a cross-functional team of experts, to determine: What can possibly go wrong? How much will damage recovery cost? How can it be prevented or mitigated? What is the cost savings or benefit of prevention or mitigation? Which risks should be given highest priority for resolution? The QFMEA model can be tailored to specific projects and is applicable to new projects as well as mature projects. The model can be revised and updated as new information comes available. It accepts input from multiple sources, such as literature searches, site characterization, field data, computer simulations, analogues, process influence diagrams, probability density functions, financial analysis models, cost factors, and heuristic best practices manuals, and converts the information into a standardized format in an Excel spreadsheet. Process influence diagrams, geologic models, financial models, cost factors and an insurance schedule were developed to support the QFMEA model. Comprehensive, quantitative risk assessments were conducted on three (3) sites using the QFMEA model: (1) SACROC Northern Platform CO{sub 2}-EOR Site in the Permian Basin, Scurry County, TX, (2) Pump Canyon CO{sub 2}-ECBM Site in the San Juan Basin, San Juan County, NM, and (3) Farnsworth Unit CO{sub 2}-EOR Site in the Anadarko Basin, Ochiltree County, TX. The sites were sufficiently different from each other to test the robustness of the QFMEA model.

Lepinski, James

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

353

Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

 This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting in the "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from http://cern.ch/lpcc/visits

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

354

Global Positioning System receiver evaluation results  

SciTech Connect

A Sandia project currently uses an outdated Magnavox 6400 Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver as the core of its navigation system. The goal of this study was to analyze the performance of the current GPS receiver compared to newer, less expensive models and to make recommendations on how to improve the performance of the overall navigation system. This paper discusses the test methodology used to experimentally analyze the performance of different GPS receivers, the test results, and recommendations on how an upgrade should proceed. Appendices contain detailed information regarding the raw data, test hardware, and test software.

Byrne, R.H.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Rockwell-Rocketdyne flywheel test results  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented of the spin test evaluation of the Rockwell-Rocketdyne RPE-10 design flywheel at the Oak Ridge Flywheel Evaluation Laboratory. Details of the static evaluation, including measures of weight, inertia, natural frequencies, and radiography, are also presented. The flywheel was subjected to seven spin cycles with a maximum of 383 rps, 105% of design speed. At that speed, the energy stored was 1.94 kWhr at 36.1 Whr/kg. The maximum speed was limited by the inability of the test facility to accommodate the increasing eccentric shift of both hub disks with increasing speed. No material degradation was observed during the testing.

Steele, R.S. Jr.; Babelay, E.F. Jr.; Sutton, B.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

SciTech Connect

 This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting in the "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from http://cern.ch/lpcc/visits

None

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

357

Model for quantitative risk assessment on naturally ventilated metering-regulation stations for natural gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper presents a model for quantitative risk assessment on metering stations and metering-regulation stations for natural gas with natural ventilation. The model enables the assessment of risk for people who live in the vicinity of these stations and complements the existing models for risk assessment on natural gas pipelines. It is based on risk assessment methods suggested in relevant guides, recommendations and standards. Explosion and jet fire are considered as major hazardous events and are modelled according to analytical models and empirical data. Local or other accessible databases are used for modelling of event frequencies and ignition probabilities. A case study on a sample station is carried out. For each hazardous event, fault tree and event tree analysis is performed. Results show influence of each hazardous event on the whole risk relative to the distance from the hazardous source. Ventilation is found to be a significant factor in determination of risk magnitude; its influence on individual risk is presented in a quantitative way. The model should be of use for pipeline operators as well as for environmental- and urban planners.

Tom Bajcar; Franc Cimerman; Brane Širok

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Fluctuation Results from PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PHENIX Experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has made measurements of event-by-event fluctuations in the net charge, the mean transverse momentum, and the charged particle multiplicity as a function of collision energy, centrality, and transverse momentum in heavy ion collisions. The results of these measurements will be reviewed and discussed.

J. T. Mitchell

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Plans, Implementation, and Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Bioenergy Technologies Office carries out technology research, development, and deployment through an ongoing process of planning and analysis, implementation, and review. This Web page includes links to documents that support and document the program management process, and the results and public benefits that derive from it.

360

Quantitative modelling of electricity consumption using computational intelligence aided design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High electricity consumption is of concern to the world for a variety of reasons, including its social-economic-environmental coupled impacts on well-being of individuals, social life and the federal energy policies. This paper proposes a quantitative model to examine the long-term relationship between annual electricity consumption and its major macroeconomic variables, including gross domestic product, electricity price, efficiency, economic structure, and carbon dioxide emission, using computational intelligence aided design (CIAD). It develops a firefly algorithm with variable population (FAVP) to obtain the parameters of the electricity consumption model through optimising two proposed trend indices: moving mean of the average precision (mmAP) and moving mean of standard derivation (mmSTD). The model is validated with empirical electricity consumption data in China between 1980 and 2012, based on which the error of approximations between 1980 and 2009 is ±15% and the error of predictions between 2010 and 2012 is [?8%, ?5%]. The main contributions of this research are to develop: (1) a novel quantitative model that can accurately predict the social, economic and environmental coupled impacts on the annual electricity demands; (2) the conceptual CIAD framework; (3) FAVP algorithm; and (4) two new trend indices of mmAP and mmSTD. The findings of this research can assist the decision makers in resolving the conflict between energy consumption growth and carbon emission reduction without dooming the economic prosperity in the long run.

Yi Chen; Guangfeng Zhang; Tongdan Jin; Shaomin Wu; Bei Peng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Multivariate calibration applied to the quantitative analysis of infrared spectra  

SciTech Connect

Multivariate calibration methods are very useful for improving the precision, accuracy, and reliability of quantitative spectral analyses. Spectroscopists can more effectively use these sophisticated statistical tools if they have a qualitative understanding of the techniques involved. A qualitative picture of the factor analysis multivariate calibration methods of partial least squares (PLS) and principal component regression (PCR) is presented using infrared calibrations based upon spectra of phosphosilicate glass thin films on silicon wafers. Comparisons of the relative prediction abilities of four different multivariate calibration methods are given based on Monte Carlo simulations of spectral calibration and prediction data. The success of multivariate spectral calibrations is demonstrated for several quantitative infrared studies. The infrared absorption and emission spectra of thin-film dielectrics used in the manufacture of microelectronic devices demonstrate rapid, nondestructive at-line and in-situ analyses using PLS calibrations. Finally, the application of multivariate spectral calibrations to reagentless analysis of blood is presented. We have found that the determination of glucose in whole blood taken from diabetics can be precisely monitored from the PLS calibration of either mind- or near-infrared spectra of the blood. Progress toward the non-invasive determination of glucose levels in diabetics is an ultimate goal of this research. 13 refs., 4 figs.

Haaland, D.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Detailed analysis of the CO oxidation chemistry around a coal char particle under conventional and oxy-fuel combustion conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this article is to analyze in detail the homogeneous chemistry involving the CO oxidation in the gas around a burning char particle. Namely, the model presented in a previous work (Gonzalo-Tirado et al., 2014) [1] has been applied to the case of a 120 ?m and a 600 ?m subbituminous char particle in a 24% O2, 1673 K atmosphere under both conventional and oxy-fuel combustion conditions. The CO + OH ? CO2 + H reaction is shown to be the prevailing reaction in the conversion of the CO in the boundary layer; the high CO2 concentrations typical of oxy-combustion affect the equilibrium in this reaction and reduce its overall rate, which explains the lower ‘intensity’ of the flame in those conditions. As for the release/absorption of heat in the gas, the reactions in which the OH radicals participate as reactants or products are predominant; the OH chemistry is somehow more intense in N2 and higher flame temperatures and OH concentrations are thus attained in conventional combustion conditions. Relatively low moisture concentrations in the bulk gas are sufficient to activate this boundary layer chemistry; with [H2O] larger than ?3% no substantial changes are observed in the CO conversion. The combustion history of the particles has been also studied. A logical sequence oxidation–gasification is observed; whereas the CO-to-CO2 oxidation occurs first contiguous to the particle, the onset of char-CO2 gasification results in a detachment of the flame from the surface and a decrease in the oxidation rate, especially for large particles.

Cristina Gonzalo-Tirado; Santiago Jiménez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

364

Optimizing Motion Estimation with Linear Programming and Detail-Preserving Variational Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-preserving variational method to upgrade the result into a dense motion field. The proposed scheme is much faster thanD scene reconstruction. Optical flow based meth- ods have been intensively studied for the small scale mo- tion estimation problem, e.g. the motion analysis of succes- sive frames in a high frame

Drew, Mark S.

365

Organic Separation Test Results  

SciTech Connect

Separable organics have been defined as “those organic compounds of very limited solubility in the bulk waste and that can form a separate liquid phase or layer” (Smalley and Nguyen 2013), and result from three main solvent extraction processes: U Plant Uranium Recovery Process, B Plant Waste Fractionation Process, and Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Process. The primary organic solvents associated with tank solids are TBP, D2EHPA, and NPH. There is concern that, while this organic material is bound to the sludge particles as it is stored in the tanks, waste feed delivery activities, specifically transfer pump and mixer pump operations, could cause the organics to form a separated layer in the tank farms feed tank. Therefore, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) is experimentally evaluating the potential of organic solvents separating from the tank solids (sludge) during waste feed delivery activities, specifically the waste mixing and transfer processes. Given the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) waste acceptance criteria per the Waste Feed Acceptance Criteria document (24590-WTP-RPT-MGT-11-014) that there is to be “no visible layer” of separable organics in the waste feed, this would result in the batch being unacceptable to transfer to WTP. This study is of particular importance to WRPS because of these WTP requirements.

Russell, Renee L.; Rinehart, Donald E.; Peterson, Reid A.

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

366

f(?) curves: Experimental results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the transition to chaos at the golden and silver means for forced Rayleigh-Bénard (RB) convection in mercury. We present f(?) curves below, at, and above the transition, and provide comparisons to the curves calculated for the one-dimensional circle map. We find good agreement at both the golden and silver means. This confirms our earlier observation that for low amplitude forcing, forced RB convection is well described by the one-dimensional circle map and indicates that the f(?) curve is a good measure of the approach to criticality. For selected subcritical experimental data sets we calculate the degree of subcriticality. We also present both experimental and calculated results for f(?) in the presence of a third frequency. Again we obtain agreement: The presence of random noise or a third frequency narrows the right-hand (negative q) side of the f(?) curve. Subcriticality results in symmetrically narrowed curves. We can also distinguish these cases by examining the power spectra and Poincaré sections of the time series.

James A. Glazier; Gemunu Gunaratne; Albert Libchaber

1988-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

First result from Qweak  

SciTech Connect

Initial results are presented from the recently-completed Q{sub weak} experiment at Jefferson Lab. The goal is a precise measurement of the proton's weak charge Q{sub w}{sup p}, to yield a test of the standard model and to search for evidence of new physics. The weak charge is extracted from the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic {rvec e}p scattering at low momentum transfer, Q{sup 2} = 0.025?GeV{sup 2}. A 180 {micro} A longitudinally-polarized 1.16 GeV electron beam was scattered from a 35 cm long liquid hydrogen at small angles, 6 {degrees} < {theta} < 12 {degrees} Scattered electrons were analyzed in a toroidal magnetic field and detected using an array of eight Cerenkov detectors arranged symmetrically about the beam axis. The initial result, from 4% of the complete data set, is Q{sub W}{sup p} = 0.064 ± 0.012, in excellent agreement with the standard model expectation. Full analysis of the data is expected to yield a value for the weak charge to about 5% precision.

Armstrong, David S. [William and Mary College, JLAB

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Quantitative Methods for Comparing Different HVAC Control Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally comparing the energy usage and comfort characteristics of different controllers in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is difficult because variations in weather and occupancy conditions preclude the possibility of establishing equivalent experimental conditions across the order of hours, days, and weeks. This paper is concerned with defining quantitative metrics of energy usage and occupant comfort, which can be computed and compared in a rigorous manner that is capable of determining whether differences between controllers are statistically significant in the presence of such environmental fluctuations. Experimental case studies are presented that compare two alternative controllers (a schedule controller and a hybrid system learning-based model predictive controller) to the default controller in a building-wide HVAC system. Lastly, we discuss how our proposed methodology may also be able to quantify the efficiency of other building automation systems.

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Food Crises: A quantitative model of food prices including speculators and ethanol conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in basic food prices are severely impacting vulnerable populations worldwide. Proposed causes such as shortages of grain due to adverse weather, increasing meat consumption in China and India, conversion of corn to ethanol in the US, and investor speculation on commodity markets lead to widely differing implications for policy. A lack of clarity about which factors are responsible reinforces policy inaction. Here, for the first time, we construct a dynamic model that quantitatively agrees with food prices. The results show that the dominant causes of price increases are investor speculation and ethanol conversion. Models that just treat supply and demand are not consistent with the actual price dynamics. The two sharp peaks in 2007/2008 and 2010/2011 are specifically due to investor speculation, while an underlying upward trend is due to increasing demand from ethanol conversion. The model includes investor trend following as well as shifting between commodities, equities and bonds to take ad...

Lagi, Marco; Bertrand, Karla Z; Bar-Yam, Yaneer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 Determination of Energy Savings: Quantitative Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a final quantitative analysis to assess whether buildings constructed according to the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2013 would result in improved energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The final analysis considered each of the 110 addenda to Standard 90.1-2010 that were included in Standard 90.1-2013. PNNL reviewed all addenda included by ASHRAE in creating Standard 90.1-2013 from Standard 90.1-2010, and considered their combined impact on a suite of prototype building models across all U.S. climate zones. Most addenda were deemed to have little quantifiable impact on building efficiency for the purpose of DOE’s final determination. However, out of the 110 total addenda, 30 were identified as having a measureable and quantifiable impact.

Halverson, Mark A.; Athalye, Rahul A.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Wang, Weimin; Hart, Philip R.; Zhang, Jian; Goel, Supriya; Mendon, Vrushali V.

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Detection and quantitative analysis of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide: FY 93 Florida State University Raman spectroscopy report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary of work to develop and investigate the feasibility of using Raman spectroscopy with tank waste materials. It contains Raman spectra from organics, such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), hydroxyethylenediaminetetraacteic acid (HEDTA), imino diacetic acid (IDA), kerosene, tributyl phosphate (TBP), acetone and butanol, anticipated to be present in tank wastes and spectra from T-107 real and BY-104 simulant materials. The results of investigating Raman for determining moisture content in tank materials are also presented. A description of software algorithms developed to process Raman spectra from a dispersive grating spectrometer system and an in initial design for a data base to support qualitative and quantitative application of remote Raman sensing with tank wastes.

Mann, C.K.; Vickers, T.J. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

372

Quantitative degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy: Probes for molecular species  

SciTech Connect

Resonant degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) is currently the subject of intensive investigation as a sensitive diagnostic tool for molecular species. DFWM has the advantage of generating a coherent (beam-like) signal which results in null-background detection and provides excellent immunity to background-light interference. Since multiple one-photon resonances are involved in the signal generation process, the DFWM technique can allow sensitive detection of molecules via electronic, vibrational or rotational transitions. These properties combine to make DFWM a widely applicable diagnostic technique for the probing of molecular species. The authors are conducting fundamental and applied investigations of DFWM for quantitative measurements of trace species in reacting gases. During the past year, efforts have been focussed in two areas: (1) understanding the effects of collisional processes on the DFWM signal generation process, and (2) exploring the applicability of infrared DFWM to detect polyatomic molecules via rovibrational transitions.

Farrow, R.; Rakestraw, D.; Paul, P.; Lucht, R.; Danehy, P.; Friedman-Hill, E.; Germann, G. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

QUANTITATIVE NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION (QNDE) OF THE ELASTIC MODULI OF POROUS TIAL ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect

The elastic moduli of {gamma}-TiA1 were studied in porous samples consolidated by various techniques e.g. cold isostatic pressing (CIP), pressure-less sintering, or hot isostatic pressing (HIP). Porosity linearly affects the dynamic elastic moduli of samples. The results indicate that the sound wave velocities and the elastic moduli affected by the processing route and depend not only on the attained density but also on the consolidation temperature. In this paper we show that there is linear correlation between the shear and the longitudinal sound velocities in porous TiA1. This opens the way to use a single sound velocity as a tool for quantitative non-destructive evaluation (QNDE) of porous TiA1 alloys. Here we demonstrate the applicability of an equation derived from the elastic theory and used previously for porous cubic metals.

Yeheskel, O. [NRCN, PO Box 9001, Beer Sheva, 84190 (Israel)

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Quantitative feedback design of air and boost pressure control system for turbocharged diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For modern diesel engines, variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) is used to boost engine power output. In addition, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is utilized to reduce engine out \\{NOx\\} emission. To realize these functions, a multivariable control system needs to control both VGT and EGR valve to deliver desired intake manifold (or boost) pressure, and desired EGR flow rate. This two-input and two-output system is nonlinear with cross-couplings between the boost and EGR responses to the input actuators, the system parameters are varying with different engine operating conditions. This paper proposes a closed loop design of a multivariable VGT/EGR control system for a turbocharged diesel engine. The control system is synthesized based on quantitative feedback theory to maintain robust stability and performance via sequential MIMO loop shaping in the frequency domain. Experiment results are included from a turbocharged diesel engine to show the effectiveness of the proposed control design.

Yue-Yun Wang; Ibrahim Haskara; Oded Yaniv

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Results from SNO  

SciTech Connect

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is an underground heavy water Cherenkov detector for studying solar neutrinos. SNO is capable of performing both flavor sensitive and flavor blind measurements of the solar neutrino flux. The first charged current (CC) measurement is found to be: {psi}{sub SNO}{sup CC}({nu}{sub e}) = 1.75 {+-} 0.07(stat.){sub -0.11}{sup +0.12}(sys.) {+-} 0.05 (theor.) x 10{sup 6} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} and the elastic scattering fluxes (ES) is: {psi}{sub SNO}{sup ES}({nu}{sub x}) = 2.39 {+-} 0.34(stat.){sub -0.14}{sup +0.16} (sys.) x 10{sup 6} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The {psi}{sub SNO}{sup CC}({nu}{sub e}) result, when combined with the high statistics elastic scattering (ES) measurement from Super-Kamiokande, provide a strong evidence for solar neutrino flavor transformation (3.3{sigma}). The deduced total solar neutrino flux is in good agreement with standard solar model predictions. No significant distortion in the energy spectrum is observed.

Chan, Yuen-dat

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Detailed design, fabrication and testing of an engineering prototype compensated pulsed alternator. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The design, fabrication, and test results of a prototype compensated pulsed alternator are discussed. The prototype compulsator is a vertical shaft single phase alternator with a rotating armature and salient pole stator. The machine is designed for low rep rate pulsed duty and is sized to drive a modified 10 cm Beta amplifier. The load consists of sixteen 15 mm x 20 mm x 112 cm long xenon flashlamps connected in parallel. The prototype compulsator generates an open circuit voltage of 6 kV, 180 Hz, at a maximum design speed of 5400 rpm. At maximum speed, the inertial energy stored in the compulsator rotor is 3.4 megajoules.

Bird, W.L. Jr.; Woodson, H.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Development of Comprehensive Detailed and Reduced Reaction Mechanisms for Syngas and Hydrogen Combustion  

SciTech Connect

The collaborative research initiative culminated in amassing a substantial combustion database of experimental results for dry and moist mixtures of syngas and hydrogen (SGH), including autoignition times using a rapid compression machine as well as laminar flame speeds using a counterflow twin-flame configuration. These experimental data provided the basis for assessment of the kinetics of SGH combustion at elevated pressures using global uncertainty analysis methods. A review of the fundamental combustion characteristics of H{sub 2}/CO mixtures, with emphasis on ignition and flame propagation at high pressures was also conducted to understand the state of the art in SGH combustion. Investigation of the reaction kinetics of CO+HO{sub 2}{center_dot} {yields} CO{sub 2} + {center_dot}OH and HO{sub 2}+OH {yields} H{sub 2}O+O{sub 2} by ab initio calculations and master equation modeling was further carried out in order to look into the discrepancies between the experimental data and the results predicted by the mechanisms.

Chih-Jen Sung; Hai Wang; Angela Violi

2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Presence of Humic Substances and DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...DNA in RNA Extracts Affects Hybridization Results Elizabeth Wheeler Alm Dandan Zheng Lutgarde Raskin Department of Civil and Environmental...high-quality quantitative membrane hybridization results. We thank Katherine McMahon for help with preparing Fig. , Scott McNaught for...

Elizabeth Wheeler Alm; Dandan Zheng; Lutgarde Raskin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Heating in the tropical atmosphere: what level of detail is critical for accurate MJO simulations in GCMs?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating in the tropical atmosphere: what level of detail is critical for accurate MJO simulations processes that affect heating in some facet. In this study, we examine various heating adjustments in Community Atmospheric Model version 4 (CAM4) to determine what the vertical and horizontal heating

380

The 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management in Gothenburg 2013 FROM DETAILED LCA TO SIMPLIFIED MODEL: AN ORIENTED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 6th International Conference on Life Cycle Management in Gothenburg 2013 FROM DETAILED LCA.padey@mines-paristech.fr Keywords: Energy pathway; LCA; Simplified model; Global Sensitivity analysis ABSTRACT Literature reviews. This leads decision/policy makers to sometimes consider LCA as inconclusive. We developed a methodology

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A detailed study of the site effects in the volcanic area of Campi Flegrei using empirical approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......To obtain a detailed site-effect estimation of the Campi Flegrei...data set used for this site-effect evaluation in the Campi Flegrei...2005). For two weeks, the ship Le Nadir produced source shots...behaviour suggests a topographical effect. These observations agree with......

Anna Tramelli; Danilo Galluzzo; Edoardo Del Pezzo; Mauro A. Di Vito

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

First Steps: Initial Planning Details Client point of contact schedules a meeting with the event planner (if applicable).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: § Meeting history (if applicable) ­ if the meeting has occurred before, obtain the details of what was done to the client point of contact to enter into event approval database. · Client point of contact develops agenda into the event approval database. · Client point of contact enters event into event approval database and uploads

383

Testing for Renewal and Detailed Balance Violations in Single-Molecule Blinking Processes James B. Witkoskie and Jianshu Cao*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for Renewal and Detailed Balance Violations in Single-Molecule Blinking Processes James B, Massachusetts 02139 ReceiVed: March 9, 2006; In Final Form: July 28, 2006 This paper examines methods to test balance violations, and experimental condition dependences. The tests are simple to implement and allow

Cao, Jianshu

384

This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrical energy into mechanical work; thus, the size of the overall micropump is restricted to the size electrical energy for them to function, accompanied by significant thermal losses. Mechanical micropumps also details: IP Address: 152.78.66.59 This content was downloaded on 01/12/2014 at 12:05 Please note

385

Crosswell Seismic Amplitude-Versus-Offset for Detailed Imaging of Facies and Fluid Distribution within Carbonate Oil Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crosswell Seismic Amplitude-Versus-Offset for Detailed Imaging of Facies and Fluid Distribution, and demonstrate a method of using crosswell seismic profiling for identification of trapped oil, bypassed reservoir compartments, and location of fluid fronts in carbonate reefs. The method of crosswell seismic

386

Chemistry Major, Materials Science and Engineering Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry Major, Materials Science and Engineering Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details. Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering Emphasis Core courses, plus: MATH 2250 Differential Equations or contact Professor Richard Ernst (ernst@chem.utah.edu; 801-581-8639) Chemistry Core Courses (required

Simons, Jack

387

2011 UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH AND CREATIvITy For event details, please visit www.undergradresearch.pitt.edu/.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Creative Enquiry (SPACE) April 13, 2011 Swanson School of Engineering department of Bioengineering2011 UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH AND CREATIvITy For event details, please visit www is the season to celebrate the research and creativity of undergraduates across the Pitt campus. Come out

Sibille, Etienne

388

Quantitative evaluation of general corrosion of Type 304 stainless steel in subcritical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative evaluation of general corrosion of Type 304 stainless steel in subcritical the corrosion rate of Type 304 stainless steel (SS) in subcritical and supercritical environments. The EN

Benning, Liane G.

389

QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF THERMAL SHOCK IN CERAMICS BASED ON A NOVEL TEST TECHNIQUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF THERMAL SHOCK IN CERAMICS BASED ON AQUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF THERMAL SHOCK IN CERAMICS BASED ON AAl 203). The thermal failure of another ceramic material (

Faber, K.T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplicon quantitative pcr Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

amplicon can be quantitatively detected in real time or at end point. By separating primer annealing from... sequencing double-stranded amplicons generated via conventional...

391

Depositional environments of the Mediterranean "Lower Evaporites" of the Messinian salinity crisis: Constraints from quantitative analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 2008 Keywords: Messinian Mediterranean Sea modelling evaporite halite We use simple quantitative that the deep Mediterranean halite units could have been deposited under shallow conditions, assuming

Utrecht, Universiteit

392

Quantitative and dynamic measurements of biological fresh samples with X-ray phase contrast tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative measurements of biological fresh samples based on three-dimensional densitometry using X-ray phase contrast tomography are presented.

Hoshino, M.

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

393

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ANALYTICAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT A Thesis-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE OF SOOT Approved: _________________________ Jerry M. Seitzman, Chairman

Seitzman, Jerry M.

394

Coherence-Controlled Holographic Microscopy for Coherence-Gated Quantitative Phase Imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the use of incoherent illumination in coherence-controlled holographic microscopy (CCHM) enables coherence-gated quantitative phase imaging of objects through turbid...

Slaby, Tomas; Kolman, Pavel; Dostal, Zbynek; Antos, Martin; Lostak, Martin; Krizova, Aneta; Collakova, Jana; Kollarova, Vera; Slaba, Michala; Vesely, Pavel; Chmelik, Radim

395

11.220 Quantitative Reasoning and Statistical Method for Planning I, Spring 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course develops logical, empirically based arguments using statistical techniques and analytic methods. It covers elementary statistics, probability, and other types of quantitative reasoning useful for description, ...

Zegras, P. Christopher

396

Quantitative measurements of strain and birefringence with common-path polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the first system for optical coherence tomography (OCT) that enables simultaneous measurement of quantitative birefringence and strain in biological samples using a...

Marvdashti, Tahereh; Duan, Lian; Lurie, Kristen L; Smith, Gennifer T; Ellerbee, Audrey K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis quantitative pcr Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-qPCR quantitation of gene expression Detection (and... is not used primarily for forensic DNA ... Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Biochemical...

398

Detailed mining study executive summary: Saba Yoi lignite deposit. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The study, conducted by John T. Boyd Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. The report shows the results of a feasibility study conducted for the development of the Saba Yoi Coal Mine. The study gives an economic assessment of the project, as well as capital costs for mining and materials. This volume contains the Executive Summary and is divided into the following sections: (1) Project Setting; (2) Land Issues; (3) Geological Setting; (4) Lignite Resource Estimate; (5) Mine Design Parameters; (6) Lignite Reserve Estimate; (7) Annual Mine Output; (8) Phase 2: Conceptual Mining Systems Comparison; (9) Phase 3: Mining Plan Economic Assessment; (10) Recommendations; (11) Conclusion.

NONE

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Detailed kinetic models for the low-temperature auto ignition of gasoline surrogates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of the search for gasoline surrogates for kinetic modeling purpose, this paper describes a new model for the low-temperature auto-ignition of n-heptane/iso-octane/hexene/toluene blends for the different linear isomers of hexene. The model simulates satisfactory experimental results obtained in a rapid compression machine for temperatures ranging from 650 to 850 K in the case of binary and ternary mixtures including iso octane, 1-hexene and toluene. Predictive simulations have also been performed for the autoignition of n heptane/iso octane/hexene/toluene quaternary mixtures: the predicted reactivity is close to that of pure iso octane with a retarding effect when going from 1- to 3-alkene.

Bounaceur, Roda; Fournet, René; Warth, Valérie; Battin-Leclerc, Frédérique

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Second generation heliostat development for solar central receiver systems detailed design report. Volume II. Appendices  

SciTech Connect

Presented are the design of the second generation heliostat, the development of the manufacturing plan, the method of transporting the heliostats from the factory to the installation site, heliostat installation procedures, and the maintenance routines. These plans are then cost estimated to provide inputs required to develop the installed cost of the heliostat and further, the cost of owning, operating and maintaining a collector field. This volume contains the following appendices: (1) bill of materials; (2) part drawings (subassemblies); (3) assembly drawings, heliostat; (4) trade studies; (5) system studies; (6) control software; (7) test results; (8) specification S-102: surface preparation, application, and inspection of protective coatings for carbon steel heliostat piles; and (9) specification S-101: installation of open end pipe piles. (WHK)

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Spatial and Quantitative Approach to Incorporating Stakeholder Values into Total Maximum Daily Loads: Dominguez Channel Case Study  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 303(d)(1)(A) requires each state to identify those waters that are not achieving water quality standards. The result of this assessment is called the 303(d) list. The CWA also requires states to develop and implement Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for these waters on the 303(d) list. A TMDL specifies the maximum amount of a pollutant that a water body can receive and still meet water quality standards, and allocates the pollutant loadings to point and non-point sources. Nationwide, over 34,900 segments of waterways have been listed as impaired by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 2006). The EPA enlists state agencies and local communities to submit TMDL plans to reduce discharges by specified dates or have them developed by the EPA. The Department of Energy requested Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to develop appropriate tools to assist in improving the TMDL process. An investigation of this process by LLNL found that plans to reduce discharges were being developed based on a wide range of site investigation methods. Our investigation found that given the resources available to the interested and responsible parties, developing a quantitative stakeholder input process and using visualization tools to display quantitative information could improve the acceptability of TMDL plans. We developed a stakeholder allocation model (SAM) which uses multi-attribute utility theory to quantitatively structure the preferences of the major stakeholder groups. We then applied GIS to display allocation options in maps representing economic activity, community groups, and city agencies. This allows allocation options and stakeholder concerns to be represented in both space and time. The primary goal of this tool is to provide a quantitative and visual display of stakeholder concerns over possible TMDL options.

Stewart, J S; Baginski, T A; Greene, K G; Smith, A; Sicherman, A

2006-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

A Detailed Analysis and Monte Carlo Simulation of the Neutron Lifetime Experiment S. Arzumanov et al., Phys. Lett. B 483 (2000) 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We performed a detailed analysis and the Monte Carlo simulation of the neutron lifetime experiment [S. Arzumanov et al., Phys. Lett. B 483 (2000) 15] because of the strong disagreement by 5.6 standard deviations between the results of this experiment and our experiment [A. Serebrov et al., Phys. Lett. B 605 (2005) 72]. We found a few effects which were not taken into account in the experiment [S. Arzumanov et al., Phys. Lett. B 483 (2000) 15]. The possible correction is -5.5 s with uncertainty of 2.4 s which comes from initial data knowledge. We assume that after taking into account this correction the result of work [S. Arzumanov et al., Phys. Lett. B 483 (2000) 15] for neutron lifetime 885.4 +/- 0.9stat +/- 0.4syst s could be corrected to 879.9 +/- 0.9stat +/- 2.4syst s.

A. K. Fomin; A. P. Serebrov

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

403

Detailed arsenic concentration profiles at Si/SiO2 interfaces  

SciTech Connect

The pile-up of arsenic at the Si/SiO2 interface after As implantation and annealing was investigated by high resolution Z-contrast imaging, electron energy-loss spectroscopy EELS, grazing incidence x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy GI-XRF, secondary ion mass spectrometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, as well as Hall mobility and four-point probe resistivity measurements. After properly taking into account their respective artifacts, the results of all methods are compatible with each other, with EELS and GI-XRF combined with etching providing similar spatial resolution on the nanometer scale for the dopant profile. The sheet concentration of the piled-up As at the interface was found to be 11015 cm 2 for an implanted dose of 11016 cm 2 with a maximum concentration of 10 at. %. The strain observed in the Z-contrast images also suggests a significant concentration of local distortions within 3 nm from the interface, which, however, do not seem to involve intrinsic point defects.

Pei, Lirong [ORNL; Duscher, G. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Steen, Christian [Chair of Electron Devices, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Cauerstrasse 6, 91058 Erlangen,; Pichler, Peter [Fraunhofer-Institute, Freiburg, Germany; Ryssel, Heiner [Fraunhofer Institute of Integrated Systems and Device Technology, Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen; Napolitani, Enrico [MATIS-CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Padova, via Marzolo 8, 35141 Padova, Italy; De Salvador, Davide [MATIS-CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Padova, via Marzolo 8, 35141 Padova, Italy; Piro, Alberto [MATIS-CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64,; Terrasi, Antonio [MATIS-CNR-INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64,

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Chapter 4 - Detailed accounts of thermoset resins for moulding and composite matrices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Polyurethanes are obtained by the reaction between polyols and isocyanates, which are of diverse chemical natures and applications. Polyureas, obtained by the reaction of amines, and isocyanates, also cover the whole range of hardnesses and are, generally, more resistant to water. Unsaturated polyesters are obtained by the reaction among di-acids or anhydrides containing a proportion of double bonds, and a diol or glycol. Phenolic resins are obtained by the reaction of tri-phenols and formaldehyde, melamines are obtained by the reaction of melamine and formaldehyde, urea formaldehydes are obtained by reaction of urea and formaldehyde, and epoxy resins are obtained by reaction of a multi epoxy monomer and a diamine or anhydride hardener. The polyimide resins are obtained in two ways: BMI or aminobismaleimides or addition polyimides, which is a reaction of a diamine and bismaleimide to make a prepolymer that is then cured by an excess of diamine, and condensation of polyimides or SP-polyimides. Despite the thermoplastic form, they are infusible, and generally insoluble. Silicones are obtained by hydrolysis of chlorosilanes, and cyanate ester are obtained from aromatic prepolymers containing highly reactive cyanate functional groups that cyclotrimerize exothermically to form triazine ring structures, which result in a tightly crosslinked structure.

Michel Biron

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A detailed study of nonperturbative solutions of two-body Dirac equations  

SciTech Connect

In quark model calculations of the meson spectrums fully covariant two-body Dirac equations dictated by Dirac`s relativistic constraint mechanics gave a good fit to the entire meson mass spectrum for light quark mesons as well as heavy quark mesons with constituent world scalar and vector potentials depending on just one or two parameters. In this paper, we investigate the properties of these equations that made them work so well by solving them numerically for quantum electrodynamics (QED) and related field theories. The constraint formalism generates a relativistic quantum mechanics defined by two coupled Dirac equations on a sixteen component wave function which contain Lorentz covariant constituent potentials that are initially undetermined. An exact Pauli reduction leads to a second order relativistic Schroedinger-like equation for a reduced eight component wave function determined by an effective interaction -- the quasipotential. We first determine perturbatively to lowest order the relativistic quasipotential for the Schroedinger-like equation by comparing that form with one derived from the Bethe-Salpeter equation. Insertion of this perturbative information into the minimal interaction structures of the two-body Dirac equations then completely determines their interaction structures. Then we give a procedure for constructing the full sixteen component solution to our coupled first-order Dirac equations from a solution of the second order equation for the reduced wave function. Next, we show that a perturbative treatment of these equations yields the standard spectral results for QED and related interactions.

Crater, H.W.; Becker, R.L.; Wong, C.Y.; Van Alstine, P.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A detailed study of nonperturbative solutions of two-body Dirac equations  

SciTech Connect

In quark model calculations of the meson spectrums fully covariant two-body Dirac equations dictated by Dirac's relativistic constraint mechanics gave a good fit to the entire meson mass spectrum for light quark mesons as well as heavy quark mesons with constituent world scalar and vector potentials depending on just one or two parameters. In this paper, we investigate the properties of these equations that made them work so well by solving them numerically for quantum electrodynamics (QED) and related field theories. The constraint formalism generates a relativistic quantum mechanics defined by two coupled Dirac equations on a sixteen component wave function which contain Lorentz covariant constituent potentials that are initially undetermined. An exact Pauli reduction leads to a second order relativistic Schroedinger-like equation for a reduced eight component wave function determined by an effective interaction -- the quasipotential. We first determine perturbatively to lowest order the relativistic quasipotential for the Schroedinger-like equation by comparing that form with one derived from the Bethe-Salpeter equation. Insertion of this perturbative information into the minimal interaction structures of the two-body Dirac equations then completely determines their interaction structures. Then we give a procedure for constructing the full sixteen component solution to our coupled first-order Dirac equations from a solution of the second order equation for the reduced wave function. Next, we show that a perturbative treatment of these equations yields the standard spectral results for QED and related interactions.

Crater, H.W.; Becker, R.L.; Wong, C.Y.; Van Alstine, P.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Thank you for your participation in the HHIM 2010 Conference! This note contains several last-minute details regarding your presentations and logistics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-minute details regarding your presentations and logistics. Please let me know as soon as possible what platform

Pennycook, Steve

408

Welcome University of Edinburgh My F1000 Biology | Browse the Faculties | Top 10s | Advanced Search | My Details | About | Faculty Member List  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

| Advanced Search | My Details | About | Faculty Member List Must Read F1000 Factor 6.0 EndNote Cooperation

Gardner, Andy

409

A DETAILED STUDY OF PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS FOR GOODS-SOUTH GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We use the deepest and the most comprehensive photometric data currently available for GOODS-South (GOODS-S) galaxies to measure their photometric redshifts. The photometry includes VLT/VIMOS (U band), HST/ACS (F435W, F606W, F775W, and F850LP bands), VLT/ISAAC (J, H, and K{sub s} bands), and four Spitzer/IRAC channels (3.6, 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 {mu}m). The catalog is selected in the z band (F850LP) and photometry in each band is carried out using the recently completed TFIT algorithm, which performs point-spread function (PSF) matched photometry uniformly across different instruments and filters, despite large variations in PSFs and pixel scales. Photometric redshifts are derived using the GOODZ code, which is based on the template fitting method using priors. The code also implements 'training' of the template spectral energy distribution (SED) set, using available spectroscopic redshifts in order to minimize systematic differences between the templates and the SEDs of the observed galaxies. Our final catalog covers an area of 153 arcmin{sup 2} and includes photometric redshifts for a total of 32,505 objects. The scatter between our estimated photometric and spectroscopic redshifts is {sigma} = 0.040 with 3.7% outliers to the full z-band depth of our catalog, decreasing to {sigma} = 0.039 and 2.1% outliers at a magnitude limit m{sub z} < 24.5. This is consistent with the best results previously published for GOODS-S galaxies, however, the present catalog is the deepest yet available and provides photometric redshifts for significantly more objects to deeper flux limits and higher redshifts than earlier works. Furthermore, we show that the photometric redshifts estimated here for galaxies selected as dropouts are consistent with those expected based on the Lyman break technique.

Dahlen, Tomas; Ferguson, Henry C.; Grogin, Norman A.; Koekemoer, Anton [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Mobasher, Bahram [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Dickinson, Mark [NOAO, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Giavalisco, Mauro; Guo, Yicheng; Salimbeni, Sara [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Lee, Kyoung-Soo [Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Departments of Physics and Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Lee, Seong-Kook; Riess, Adam G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Nonino, Mario, E-mail: dahlen@stsci.ed [INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste (Italy)

2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

410

Atomistic Details of the Associative Phosphodiester Cleavage in Human Ribonuclease H  

SciTech Connect

During translation of the genetic information of DNA into proteins, mRNA is synthesized by RNA polymerase and after the transcription process degraded by RNase H. The endoribonuclease RNase H is a member of the nucleotidyl-transferase (NT) superfamily and is known to hydrolyze the phosphodiester bonds of RNA which is hybridized to DNA. Retroviral RNase H is part of the viral reverse transcriptase enzyme that is indispensable for the proliferation of retroviruses, such as HIV. Inhibitors of this enzyme could therefore provide new drugs against diseases like AIDS. In our study we investigated the molecular mechanism of RNA cleavage by human RNase H using a comprehensive high level DFT/B3LYP QM/MM theoretical method for the calculation of the stationary points and nudged elastic band (NEB) and free energy calculations to identify the transition state structures, the rate limiting step and the reaction barrier. Our calculations reveal that the catalytic mechanism proceeds in two steps and that the nature of the nucleophile is a water molecule. In the first step, the water attack on the scissile phosphorous is followed by a proton transfer from the water to the O2P oxygen and a trigonal bipyramidal pentacoordinated phosphorane is formed. Subsequently, in the second step the proton is shuttled to the O30 oxygen to generate the product state. During the reaction mechanism two Mg2+ ions support the formation of a stable associated in-line SN2-type phosphorane intermediate. Our calculated energy barrier of 19.3 kcal mol*1 is in excellent agreement with experimental findings (20.5 kcal mol*1). These results may contribute to the clarification and understanding of the RNase H reaction mechanism and of further enzymes from the RNase family.

Elsasser, Brigitta M.; Fels, Gregor

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

Results on the disconnected contributions for hadron structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results on the disconnected contributions to three point functions entering in studies of hadron structure. We use $N_F = 2+1+1$ twisted mass fermions and give a detailed description on the results of the nucleon {\\sigma}-terms, isoscalar axial charge and first moments of bare parton distributions for a range of pions masses. In addition we give the {\\sigma}-terms and the computations are performed using QUDA code implemented on GPUs.

Constantia Alexandrou; Martha Constantinou; Vincent Drach; Kyriakos Hadjiyiannakou; Karl Jansen; Giannis Koutsou; Alejandro Vaquero

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Literature survey results: Topical report  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews mild gasification processes with respect to processing conditions and configurations. Special emphasis was placed on processes which could be commercialized within five years. Detailed market information was provided by J.E. Sinor concerning markets and economic considerations of the various processing steps. Processing areas studied include coal cleaning; mild gasification; and upgrading of the char, condensables, and hydrocarbon gases. Pros and cons in the different processing areas as well as ''gaps'' in pertinent data were identified and integrated into a detailed process development program. The report begins with a summary of the market assessment and an evaluation of the co-product. The impacts of feed materials and operating parameters--including coal rank, heating rate, pressure, agglomeration, temperature, and feed gas composition--on the co- products and processes were evaluated through a literature survey. Recommendations were made as to the preferred product specifications and operating parameters for a commercial plant. A literature review of mild gasification processes was conducted and evaluated with regard to product specification and operating parameters. Two candidate processes were chosen and discussed in detail with respect to scale-up feasibility. Recommendations were then made to process development needs to further consideration of the two processes. 129 refs., 33 figs., 16 tabs.

Willson, W.G.; Ness, R.O.; Hendrikson, J.G.; Entzminger, J.A.; Jha, M.; Sinor, J.E.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Use of Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis to Support M&VDecisions in ESPCs  

SciTech Connect

Measurement and Verification (M&V) is a critical elementof an Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) - without M&V, thereisno way to confirm that the projected savings in an ESPC are in factbeing realized. For any given energy conservation measure in an ESPC,there are usually several M&V choices, which will vary in terms ofmeasurement uncertainty, cost, and technical feasibility. Typically,M&V decisions are made almost solely based on engineering judgmentand experience, with little, if any, quantitative uncertainty analysis(QUA). This paper describes the results of a pilot project initiated bythe Department of Energy s Federal Energy Management Program to explorethe use of Monte-Carlo simulation to assess savings uncertainty andthereby augment the M&V decision-making process in ESPCs. The intentwas to use QUA selectively in combination with heuristic knowledge, inorder to obtain quantitative estimates of the savings uncertainty withoutthe burden of a comprehensive "bottoms-up" QUA. This approach was used toanalyze the savings uncertainty in an ESPC for a large federal agency.The QUA was seamlessly integrated into the ESPC development process andthe incremental effort was relatively small with user-friendly tools thatare commercially available. As the case study illustrates, in some casesthe QUA simply confirms intuitive or qualitative information, while inother cases, it provides insight that suggests revisiting the M&Vplan. The case study also showed that M&V decisions should beinformed by the portfolio risk diversification. By providing quantitativeuncertainty information, QUA can effectively augment the M&Vdecision-making process as well as the overall ESPC financialanalysis.

Mathew, Paul A.; Koehling, Erick; Kumar, Satish

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Human factors issues in qualitative and quantitative safety analyses  

SciTech Connect

Humans are a critical and integral part of any operational system, be it a nuclear reactor, a facility for assembly or disassembling hazardous components, or a transportation network. In our concern over the safety of these systems, we often focus our attention on the hardware engineering components of such systems. However, experience has repeatedly demonstrated that it is often the human component that is the primary determinant of overall system safety. Both the nuclear reactor accidents at Chernobyl and Three Mile Island and shipping disasters such as the Exxon Valdez and the Herald of Free Enterprise accidents are attributable to human error. Concern over human contributions to system safety prompts us to include reviews of human factors issues in our safety analyses. In the conduct of Probabilistic Risk Assessments (PRAs), human factors issues are addressed using a quantitative method called Human Reliability Analysis (HRA). HRAs typically begin with the identification of potential sources of human error in accident sequences of interest. Human error analysis often employs plant and/or procedures walk-downs in which the analyst considers the ``goodness`` of procedures, training, and human-machine interfaces concerning their potential contribution to human error. Interviews with expert task performers may also be conducted. In the application of HRA, once candidate sources of human error have been identified, error probabilities are developed.

Hahn, H.A.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Analysis of High-Penetration Levels of Photovoltaics into the Distribution Grid on Oahu, Hawaii: Detailed Analysis of HECO Feeder WF1  

SciTech Connect

Renewable generation is growing at a rapid rate due to the incentives available and the aggressive renewable portfolio standard targets implemented by state governments. Distributed generation in particular is seeing the fastest growth among renewable energy projects, and is directly related to the incentives. Hawaii has the highest electricity costs in the country due to the high percentage of oil burning steam generation, and therefore has some of the highest penetration of distributed PV in the nation. The High Penetration PV project on Oahu aims to understand the effects of high penetration PV on the distribution level, to identify penetration levels creating disturbances on the circuit, and to offer mitigating solutions based on model results. Power flow models are validated using data collected from solar resources and load monitors deployed throughout the circuit. Existing interconnection methods and standards are evaluated in these emerging high penetration scenarios. A key finding is a shift in the level of detail to be considered and moving away from steady-state peak time analysis towards dynamic and time varying simulations. Each level of normal interconnection study is evaluated and enhanced to a new level of detail, allowing full understanding of each issue.

Stewart, E.; MacPherson, J.; Vasilic, S.; Nakafuji, D.; Aukai, T.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Rapid Quantitation of Ascorbic and Folic Acids in SRM 3280 Multivitamin/Multielement Tablets using Flow-Injection Tandem Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect

RATIONALE: Ascorbic acid (AA) and folic acid (FA) are water-soluble vitamins and are usually fortified in food and dietary supplements. For the safety of human health, proper intake of these vitamins is recommended. Improvement in the analysis time required for the quantitative determination of these vitamins in food and nutritional formulations is desired. METHODS: A simple and fast (~5 min) in-tube sample preparation was performed, independently for FA and AA, by mixing extraction solvent with a powdered sample aliquot followed by agitation, centrifugation, and filtration to recover an extract for analysis. Quantitative detection was achieved by flow-injection (1 L injection volume) electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) in negative ion mode using the method of standard addition. RESULTS: Method of standard addition was employed for the quantitative estimation of each vitamin in a sample extract. At least 2 spiked and 1 non-spiked sample extract were injected in triplicate for each quantitative analysis. Given an injection-to-injection interval of approximately 2 min, about 18 min was required to complete the quantitative estimation of each vitamin. The concentration values obtained for the respective vitamins in the standard reference material (SRM) 3280 using this approach were within the statistical range of the certified values provided in the NIST Certificate of Analysis. The estimated limit of detections of FA and AA were 13 and 5.9 ng/g, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Flow-injection ESI-MS/MS was successfully applied for the rapid quantitation of FA and AA in SRM 3280 multivitamin/multielement tablets.

Bhandari, Deepak [ORNL] [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

A Method for Quantitative Mapping of Thick Oil Spills Using Imaging Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................................................................................14 Figures 1. Image of oil emulsion from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico offA Method for Quantitative Mapping of Thick Oil Spills Using Imaging Spectroscopy By Roger N. Clark (AVIRIS) Team, 2010, A method for quantitative mapping of thick oil spills using imaging spectroscopy: U

Torgersen, Christian

418

Development of a simple quantitative test for lack of field emission orthodoxy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...117 Development of a simple quantitative test for lack of field emission orthodoxy Richard...describes development of a simple quantitative test for whether FE data are incompatible with...are internally self-consistent. This test is then applied to 19 post-1975 datasets...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Comment on ``A quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heave would be expected to produce were revealed beneath the Kamb Ice Stream by the pioneering boreholeComment on ``A quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice quantitative framework for interpretation of basal ice facies formed by ice accretion over subglacial sediment

Worster, M. Grae

420

Fuel Cell Generation in Geo-Distributed Cloud Services: A Quantitative Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Cell Generation in Geo-Distributed Cloud Services: A Quantitative Study Zhi Zhou1 Fangming Liu of fuel cell energy in cloud computing, yet it is unclear what and how much benefit it may bring. This paper, for the first time, attempts to quantitatively examine the benefits brought by fuel cell

Li, Baochun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For each person participating in our survey, we raised judged fair tax burdens for childless singles, childless married couples, married couples with one child, and married couples with two children, given mon...

Dr. Stefan Traub

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Detailed Textual Analysis of the Differences Between the 1989 and 1999 Editions of Standard 90.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detailed Textual Analysis of the Differences Detailed Textual Analysis of the Differences Between the 1989 and 1999 Editions of Standard 90.1 Energy Standard for Buildings, Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings Background The Energy Conservation and Production Act provides that whenever the ANSI/ASHRAE/ IESNA Standard 90.1-1989, or any successor to that code is revised, the Secretary of Energy (Secretary) must determine whether the revised code would improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. 42 U.S.C. 6833(b)(2)(A). The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) approved the publication of the 1999 edition of Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-rise Residential Buildings, in June

423

The Impact of Oil Consumption Mechanisms on Diesel Exhaust Particle Size Distributions and Detailed Exhaust Chemical Composition  

SciTech Connect

Detailed exhaust emission data have been taken from a Cummins N-14 single cylinder research engine in which the oil consumption was varied by different engine modifications. Low sulfur fuel was used, and oil consumption was varied by modifying the intake valve stem seals, the exhaust valve stem seals, the oil control ring and combinations of these modifications. Detailed measurements of exhaust gas particle size distributions and chemical composition were made for the various oil consumption configurations for a range of engine loads and speeds. The particulate mass was measured with TEOM and traditional gravimetric filter methods. Filter data for EC/OC, sulfates and trace metals have been taken and analyzed. The trace metals in the particulate mass serve as the basis for assessing oil consumption at the different operating conditions. The data indicate that the oil consumption for the steady state testing done here was approximately an order of magnitude below oil consumption values cited in the literature. We did measure changes in the details of the chemical composition of the particulate for the different engine operating conditions, but it did not correlate with changes in the oil consumption. Furthermore, the data indicate that the particle size distribution is not strongly impacted by low level oil consumption variations observed in this work.

Stetter, J; Forster, N; Ghandhi, J; Foster, D

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

424

UHV Cantilever Beam Technique for Quantitative Measurements of Magnetization, Magnetostriction, and Intrinsic Stress of Ultrathin Magnetic Films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method—based on the cantilever beam principle—is presented, by means of which quantitative values of the magnetization, magnetostriction, and intrinsic stress of magnetic thin films can be determined. Moreover investigations of magnetic anisotropies and Curie temperature are possible. The high sensitivity achievable enables measurements even on films approaching monolayer thickness. The method is fully compatible with UHV and—via the intrinsic stress—additionally provides important information on growth mode and microstructure of the films under investigation. First results on polycrystalline Fe films demonstrate impressively the performance of the technique.

M. Weber, R. Koch, and K. H. Rieder

1994-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

425

Quantitative analysis of damage in an octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazonic-based composite explosive subjected to a linear thermal gradient  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The microstructure within a slowly heated consolidated explosive will be influenced by both physical changes and chemical reactions prior to thermal ignition. Thermal expansion exothermic decomposition endothermic phase change and increased binder viscosity play significant roles in the cook-off to detonation. To further explore the details of this intricate cook-off process we have conducted a series of experiments in which a carefully controlled temperature gradient has been applied along a cylinder of PBX 9501 [94.9/2.5/2.5/0.1-wt % octahydro-1 3 5 7-tetranitro-1 3 5 7-tetrazocine (HMX)/Estane 5703/a eutectic mixture of bis(2 2 dinitropropyl) acetal and bis(2 2-dinitropropyl) formal [abbreviated BDNPA-F]/Irganox] and maintained for a specified amount of time. After heating and subsequent cooling of the PBX 9501 the sample morphology has been probed with polarized light microscopy and small-angle x-ray scattering. Using these techniques we have quantitatively characterized the particle morphology porosity and chemical state of the explosive as a function of position and therefore thermal treatment. Results of the analyses clearly show that thermal damage in PBX 9501 can be classified into two separate temperature regimes—an initial low-temperature regime ( 155 – 174 ° C ) dominated by the endothermic ? - ? crystalline phase change thermal expansion and Ostwald ripening and a high-temperature regime ( 175 – 210 ° C ) dominated by exothermic chemical decomposition. The results further show the complex interplay between the evolving sample morphology and the chemical reactions leading to a potential thermal self-ignition in the explosive.

Paul D. Peterson; Joseph T. Mang; Blaine W. Asay

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Quantitative analysis of damage in an octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazonic-based composite explosive subjected to a linear thermal gradient  

SciTech Connect

The microstructure within a slowly heated, consolidated explosive will be influenced by both physical changes and chemical reactions prior to thermal ignition. Thermal expansion, exothermic decomposition, endothermic phase change, and increased binder viscosity play significant roles in the cook-off to detonation. To further explore the details of this intricate cook-off process, we have conducted a series of experiments in which a carefully controlled temperature gradient has been applied along a cylinder of PBX 9501 [94.9/2.5/2.5/0.1-wt % octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX)/Estane 5703/a eutectic mixture of bis(2,2 dinitropropyl) acetal and bis(2,2-dinitropropyl) formal [abbreviated BDNPA-F]/Irganox] and maintained for a specified amount of time. After heating and subsequent cooling of the PBX 9501, the sample morphology has been probed with polarized light microscopy and small-angle x-ray scattering. Using these techniques we have quantitatively characterized the particle morphology, porosity, and chemical state of the explosive as a function of position, and therefore thermal treatment. Results of the analyses clearly show that thermal damage in PBX 9501 can be classified into two separate temperature regimes--an initial low-temperature regime (155-174 deg. C) dominated by the endothermic {beta}-{delta} crystalline phase change, thermal expansion, and Ostwald ripening, and a high-temperature regime (175-210 deg. C) dominated by exothermic chemical decomposition. The results further show the complex interplay between the evolving sample morphology and the chemical reactions leading to a potential thermal self-ignition in the explosive.

Peterson, Paul D.; Mang, Joseph T.; Asay, Blaine W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Facilitated Session Results October 22, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, & environmental ontology Objective: an IT architecture that enables efficient and timely environmental data Environment: Future Characteristics/Vision Reliable diagnostics of environmental health Quantitative of environmental threats Pathogens, toxins and ecological processes (sensors) Interoperable/networked IT systems

428

Results of places data analysis. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The results of analyses performed to support PLACES data reduction and data interpretation are presented. Beacon receiver measurements of the scattering of a 100 MHz pseudo-noise beacon signal BPSK modulated at a 10 MHz rate were made during an occultatation by the structured IRIS ion cloud. The scattering produced features in the received St. George Island signal that are shown to be in good quantitative agreement with propagation effect predictions produced from an optically derived model of the ion cloud extent. The features in the received data are also in qualitative agreement with the optical features in a coincident St. George Island photograph. Neutral wind shear rate is determined in the optical analyses to be directed with a 351 deg azimuth with a 1.5 meter per second per kilometer of altitude magnitude. Aircraft propagation measurements of the JAN ion cloud reveal a steady decay of the TEC until the cloud effects vanish at roughly 200 minutes after release. The following mechanism is proposed to explain late time barium cloud decay: Barium ions are removed from the ion cloud as current carriers and are replaced by molecular air ions which quickly recombine. The mechanism is found to be highly efficient. The kHz frequency spurs in the NRL density probe data from JAN are briefly investigated. The spur frequency is found to have no clear-cut dependence on local density, is not confined to the ion cloud region, and at times two spurs are visible in the data.

Prettie, C.W.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Position Summary Employee Details  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

landscape maintenance within the UC Davis Arboretum. Daily assignments are provided under the direction to assist with landscape maintenance. Campus Job Scope: Department Specific Job Scope: The UC Davis% LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE -Provide care and maintenance of plants, shrubs, trees, hedges, flowers, lawns, fields

California at Davis, University of

430

CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL DETAILS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. CERTIFICATES, AWARDS 2012 I was part of the team that won second place at the Social Innovation Solutions

431

Science Expo Detailed Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Education and Outreach Director UC Davis Tahoe Environmental Research Center 291 Country Club Drive Incline.........................................................................................25 ENERGY Extra Bounce

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

432

Detailed Information Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this standard is to increase the required information that must accompany any parts submitted to the Registry of Standard Biological Parts. This will give users of the parts better assurance of their ...

Culviner, Peter

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

433

chapter 5. Detailed Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

is not statistically significant at the .05 level of significance (the level used to test significance of inferences in this report). In this example, 1.96 times the standard...

434

Document Details Document Number  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APPLICATION D196039007 M-24-89-1 29-Dec-1989 FEDERAL FACILITY AGREEMENT AND CONSENT ORDER CHANGE CONTROL FORM ASSIGN RCRA WELL INTERIM MILESTONES FOR CY 1991 D195067014 9000282...

435

News Release Details  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Facility IDAHO FALLS - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recently designated Idaho National Laboratory's (INL) Wireless Test Bed as a National User Facility....

436

Detailed residential electric determination  

SciTech Connect

Data on residential loads has been collected from four residences in real time. The data, measured at 5-second intervals for 53 days of continuous operation, were statistically characterized. An algorithm was developed and incorporated into the modeling code SOLCEL. Performance simulations with SOLCEL using these data as well as previous data collected over longer time intervals indicate that no significant errors in system value are introduced through the use of long-term average data.

Not Available

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Calibration of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for the quantitative analysis of solid samples  

SciTech Connect

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has become the method of choice for elemental and isotopic analysis. Several factors contribute to its success. Modern instruments are capable of routine analysis at part per trillion levels with relative detection limits in part per quadrillion levels. Sensitivities in these instruments can be as high as 200 million counts per second per part per million with linear dynamic ranges up to eight orders of magnitude. With standards for only a few elements, rapid semiquantitative analysis of over 70 elements in an individual sample can be performed. Less than 20 years after its inception ICP-MS has shown to be applicable to several areas of science. These include geochemistry, the nuclear industry, environmental chemistry, clinical chemistry, the semiconductor industry, and forensic chemistry. In this introduction, the general attributes of ICP-MS will be discussed in terms of instrumentation and sample introduction. The advantages and disadvantages of current systems are presented. A detailed description of one method of sample introduction, laser ablation, is given. The paper also gives conclusions and suggestions for future work. Chapter 2, Quantitative analysis of solids by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for calibration, has been removed for separate processing.

Leach, J.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

Characterizing Web Search Queries that Match Very Few or No Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Center Hannover, Germany altingovde@l3s.de Roi Blanco Yahoo! Research Barcelona, Spain roi accompany the original results with some alternative query suggestions (e.g., with a notification by the search engines via both quantitative analyses and user studies on our data (Section 3). To the best

Ulusoy, �zgür

439

Insights for Quantitative Risk Assessment of Combined Cycle Power Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditional techniques of risk analysis have been fitted for the application to combined cycle power plants and the results of several...

Gabriele Ballocco; Andrea Carpignano…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A TEM quantitative evaluation of strengthening in an Mg-RE alloy reinforced with SiC  

SciTech Connect

Magnesium alloys containing rare earth elements are known to have high specific strength, good creep and corrosion resistance up to 523 K. The addition of SiC ceramic particles strengthens the metal matrix composite resulting in better wear and creep resistance while maintaining good machinability. The role of the reinforcement particles in enhancing strength can be quantitatively evaluated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the different strengthening contributions, determined through TEM inspections, in an SiC Mg-RE composite alloy containing yttrium, neodymium, gadolinium and dysprosium. Compression tests at temperatures ranging between 290 and 573 K were carried out. The microstructure strengthening mechanism was studied for all the compression conditions. Strengthening was compared to the mechanical results and the way the different contributions were combined is also discussed and justified. - Research Highlights: {yields} TEM yield strengthening terms evaluation on a Mg-RE SiC alloy. {yields} The evaluation has been extended to different compression temperature conditions. {yields} Linear and Quadratic sum has been proposed and validated. {yields} Hall-Petch was found to be the most prominent strengthening contributions.

Cabibbo, Marcello, E-mail: m.cabibbo@univpm.it; Spigarelli, Stefano

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Search Results | ScienceCinema  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sort by Title Sort by OSTI ID Prev Next Search Results for: All records (Enter search terms to narrow results) Search Results for: All records (Enter search terms to narrow...

442

Quantitative analysis of radiological changes in alveolar bone around connected osseo-integrated dental implants and natural abutment teeth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate quantitatively the long-term changes in alveolar bone around toothimplant connections using a digital subtraction technique.

Akihiro Takashima DDS; Dr. Kazunori Yoshiura DDS; PhD; Kenji Tokumori…

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

News from LHC: Recent Results on Higgs Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC have measured detailed properties of the SM-like Higgs boson discovered in 2012. Results on Higgs boson mass, width, spin and coupling determinations are presented. The parameters observed are furthermore interpreted in extensions to the Standard Model. Searches for additional Higgs bosons predicted in the general 2 Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) and the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) are reported.

Straessner, A; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Results from high energy accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some of the recent experimental results obtained at high-energy colliders with emphasis on LEP and SLC results.

G. Giacomelli; B. Poli

2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

445

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S.

446

An integrated quantitative hazard analysis method for natural gas jet release from underground gas storage caverns in salt rock. I: Models and validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is very important and necessary to perform quantitative hazard analysis for possible accidental leakage from an underground gas storage cavern in salt rock. An integrated quantitative hazard analysis method for natural gas jet release from salt caverns is presented in this paper, which was constituted by a revised model for gas leakage rate calculation, a consequence analysis and a model of probability assessment for harm. The presented method was validated by comparing the analytical results with the data collected from the real accidents (including the leakage, jet fire, fireball and vapor cloud explosion). It is indicated that the proposed method was more accurate than the TNT equivalence method for vapor cloud explosion and gave more reasonable results when applied to the consequence analysis for the thermal radiation from jet fire and fireball.

Shigang Yang; Qin Fang; Yadong Zhang; Hao Wu; Linjian Ma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study of the solar interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study of another new branch of seismology recently developed in petroleum reservoir seismology is commonly known in the petroleum industry, differs from earlier

Crawford, Ian

448

Single molecule quantitation and sequencing of rare translocations using microfluidic nested digital PCR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of individual tumors. Here, we report the development and application of a bead-based hemi-nested microfluidic droplet digital PCR (dPCR) technology to achieve ‘quantitative’ measurement and single-molecule sequencing of somatically acquired carcinogenic...

Shuga, Joe; Zeng, Yong; Novak, Richard; Lan, Qing; Tang, Xiaojiang; Rothman, Nathaniel; Vermeulen, Roel; Li, Laiyu; Hubbard, Alan; Zhang, Luoping; Mathies, Richard A.; Smith, Martyn T.

2013-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

449

Spanish Translation of the Children's Hope Scale Using Quantitative Methods for Verifying Semantic Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this study was to translate the Children's Hope Scale (CHS) from English to Spanish using quantitative methods in order to verify semantic equivalence of the adapted measure. The study utilized bilingual, English and Spanish...

Frehe-Torres, Victoria Elena

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

450

BMA Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation Forecasting over the Huaihe Basin Using TIGGE Multimodel Ensemble Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bayesian model averaging (BMA) probability quantitative precipitation forecast (PQPF) models were established by calibrating their parameters using 1–7-day ensemble forecasts of 24-h accumulated precipitation, and observations from 43 ...

Jianguo Liu; Zhenghui Xie

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Distributed quantitative precipitation forecasts combining information from radar and numerical weather prediction model outputs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications of distributed Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts (QPF) range from flood forecasting to transportation. Obtaining QPF is acknowledged to be one of the most challenging areas in hydrology and meteorology. ...

Ganguly, Auroop Ratan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Parent–offspring conflict and co-adaptation: behavioural ecology meets quantitative genetics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...would provide important new information concerning any selection on and evolution of parental supply and offspring demand response functions. Traditional quantitative genetics and behavioural ecology approaches implicitly assume that parental and...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Quantitatively Depositing Viruses onto TEM Grids Jennifer Brum, Tucson Marine Phage Lab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Quantitatively Depositing Viruses onto TEM Grids Jennifer Brum, Tucson Marine Phage Lab April prevents wear caused by metal-on-metal grinding) a) put a tiny amount of Spinkote on a Kimwipe b) rub

Sullivan, Matthew B.

454

A quantitative equity strategy based on factors formed by industries in the S&P500  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents and simulates a long-short market-neutral quantitative equity trading strategy for US stocks. First, economic intuition and academic researches for which this trading strategy is based upon will be ...

Liu, Jack Wen-Hao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Machine Learning Enhancement of Storm-Scale Ensemble Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machine Learning Enhancement of Storm-Scale Ensemble Probabilistic Quantitative Precipitation uncertainty. Machine learning methods can produce calibrated probabilistic forecasts from the raw ensemble and machine learning are working to address these challenges. Numerical weather prediction (NWP) models

Xue, Ming

456

Quantitative differences in tissue surface tension influence zebrafish germ layer positioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative differences in tissue surface tension influence zebrafish germ layer positioning Eva surface tension, influences spatial positioning between zebrafish germ layer tissues. We show correlates with differences in tissue surface tension. We also show that germ layer tissues from untreated

Jülicher, Frank

457

Multi-scale quantitative elastography and its application to blood pressure estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elastography is a method that can be used to measure the elasticity of soft biological tissue and, ultimately, to detect cancerous tumors. In this thesis, quantitative compression based ultrasound elastography is developed ...

Zakrzewski, Aaron Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...

Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

459

Quantitative visualization of compressible turbulent shear flows using condensate-enhanced Rayleigh scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was based on laser scattering from particles of H2O or CO2 condensate that form in the wind tunnel nozzleQuantitative visualization of compressible turbulent shear flows using condensate-enhanced Rayleigh

Miles, Richard

460

Direct and quantitative broadband absorptance micro/nano spectroscopy using FTIR and bilayer cantilever probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical properties of micro/nano materials are important for many applications in biology, optoelectronics, and energy. In this thesis, a method is described to directly measure the quantitative absorptance spectra of ...

Hsu, Wei-Chun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Development of a rapid method fluorescent biosenser to quantitate bioavailable methionine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is methionine, which, in the vast majority of animals, is the first limiting amino acid. Problems with both deficiencies and toxicities of methionine demand a precise way of quantitating this sulfur amino acid in feeds. Animal and digestibility assays...

Froelich, Clifford Anthony

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Plans, Implementation, and Results Glossary  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Definitions of the office overview, plans, implementation, and results document and website categories are provided below:

463

Quantitative contribution of resistance sources of components to stack performance for planar solid oxide fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study detects the resistance that influences the stack performance of \\{SOFCs\\} with composition of Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSC-YSZ and investigates the variation patterns of the resistances of the stack repeating unit (SRU) during operation and their quantitative contributions to its performance at 700 °C, 750 °C and 800 °C. The results indicate that when the cell cathode contacts the interconnect well, the cell resistance accounts for 70.1–79.7% of that of the SRU, and the contact resistance (CR) between the cathode current-collecting layer (CCCL) and the interconnect accounts for 20.0–28.9%. The CR between the anode current-collecting layer (ACCL) and the interconnect together with the resistance of the interconnect can be neglected during instantaneous I–V testing. When the stack is discharged at constant current for 600 h, cell resistance increases by 28.3%, accounting for 93.3% of the SRU degradation, the anodic CR increases by 36.4%, accounting for 6.7% of the SRU degradation, and the resistances of the cathode contact and its neighbor interconnect remain unchanged. Therefore, the increase of the cell resistance is the main reason causing the SRU degradation, and the anodic contact is also an influencing factor that cannot be neglected during stable operation.

Le Jin; Wanbing Guan; Xiao Ma; Huijuan Zhai; Wei Guo Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Quantitative X-Ray Phase-Contrast Microtomography from a Compact Laser Driven Betatron Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray phase-contrast imaging has recently led to a revolution in resolving power and tissue contrast in biomedical imaging, microscopy and materials science. The necessary high spatial coherence is currently provided by either large-scale synchrotron facilities with limited beamtime access or by microfocus X-ray tubes with rather limited flux. X-rays radiated by relativistic electrons driven by well-controlled high-power lasers offer a promising route to a proliferation of this powerful imaging technology. A laser-driven plasma wave accelerates and wiggles electrons, giving rise to brilliant keV X-ray emission. This so-called Betatron radiation is emitted in a collimated beam with excellent spatial coherence and remarkable spectral stability. Here we present the first phase-contrast micro-tomogram revealing quantitative electron density values of a biological sample using betatron X-rays, and a comprehensive source characterization. Our results suggest that laser-based X-ray technology offers the potential fo...

Wenz, J; Khrennikov, K; Bech, M; Thibault, P; Heigoldt, M; Pfeiffer, F; Karsch, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Nucleophosmin in the pathogenesis of arsenic-related bladder carcinogenesis revealed by quantitative proteomics  

SciTech Connect

To investigate the molecular mechanisms of arsenic (As)-associated carcinogenesis, we performed proteomic analysis on E7 immortalized human uroepithelial cells after treatment with As in vitro. Quantitative proteomics was performed using stable isotope dimethyl labeling coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography peptide separation and mass spectrometry (MS)/MS analysis. Among 285 proteins, a total of 26 proteins were upregulated (ratio > 2.0) and 18 proteins were downregulated (ratio < 0.65) by As treatment, which are related to nucleotide binding, lipid metabolism, protein folding, protein biosynthesis, transcription, DNA repair, cell cycle control, and signal transduction. This study reports the potential significance of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the As-related bladder carcinogenesis. NPM was universally expressed in all of uroepithelial cell lines examined, implying that NPM may play a role in human bladder carcinogenesis. Upregulation of NPM tends to be dose- and time-dependent after As treatment. Expression of NPM was associated with cell proliferation, migration and anti-apoptosis. On the contrary, soy isoflavones inhibited the expression of NPM in vitro. The results suggest that NPM may play a role in the As-related bladder carcinogenesis, and soybean-based foods may have potential in the suppression of As/NPM-related tumorigenesis.

Chen Shuhui [Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Wang Yiwen [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Hsu Jueliang [Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Chang Hongyi [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Wang Chiyun [Graduate Institute of Molecular Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Shen Potsun [Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Chiang Chiwu [Graduate Institute of Molecular Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Chuang Jingjing [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Taiwan (China); Tsai Hungwen [Department of Pathology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan 704, Taiwan (China); Gu Powen [Department of Clinical Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan (China); Chang Fangchih [Instrument Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Liu Hsiaosheng, E-mail: a713@mail.ncku.edu.t [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Chow Nanhaw, E-mail: chownh@mail.ncku.edu.t [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Molecular Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Extraction and Quantitative Analysis of Iodine in Solid and Solution Matrixes  

SciTech Connect

129I is a contaminant of interest in the vadose zone and groundwater at numerous federal and privately-owned facilities. Several techniques have been utilized to extract iodine from solid matrices; however, all of them rely on two fundamental approaches: liquid extraction or chemical/heat facilitated volatilization. While these methods are typically chosen for their ease of implementation, they do not totally dissolve the solid. Because some of the iodine partitions onto the soil, extraction methods that do not result in total sample dissolution could underestimate the total iodine content of solid samples. We defined a method that produces complete solid dissolution and conducted laboratory tests to assess its efficacy to completely extract iodine from solid matrices. Testing consisted of potassium nitrate/potassium hydroxide fusion of the sample, followed by sample dissolution in a mixture of sulfuric acid and sodium bisulfite. Direct analysis of the dissolved sample was performed via inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (Perkin Elmer Elan DRC II) using a tertiary amine (Spectrasol CFA-C) carrier solution. The fusion extraction method resulted in complete sample dissolution of all solid matrices tested: sediment, glass samples containing low-levels of iodine, as well as tank waste material collected from the Hanford Site. Quantitative analysis of iodine (127I and 129I) showed better than ? 10% accuracy for certified reference standards, with the linear operating range extending more than three orders of magnitude (0.005 to 5 ug/L). Extraction and analysis of four replicates of standard reference material (San Joaquin Soil) from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, resulted in an average recovery of 98% with a relative percent deviation of 6%. This simple and cost-effective technique can be applied to solid samples of varying matrices with little or no adaptation.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Vickerman, Tanya S.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Graphical interface for quantitative monitoring of 3D MRI data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent development of techniques in magnetic resonance imaging allows for the noninvasive monitoring of cartilage for disease progression, effects of lifestyle change, and results of medical interventions. In particular, ...

Gerber, Meredith L

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Continuous Improvement in the Leander ISD: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Culture and Core Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Educational Administration CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT IN THE LEANDER ISD: A QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF CULTURE AND CORE... Committee Members, David A. Erlandson Mario S. Torres Lynn M. Burlbaw Head of Department, Fredrick M. Nafukho August 2010 Major Subject: Educational Administration iii ABSTRACT Continuous Improvement in the Leander ISD: A Quantitative...

Robinson, Joe E.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

469

Officer competency in the Texas Standardized Field Sobriety Testing Program: a quantitative study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OFFICER COMPETENCY IN THE TEXAS STANDARDIZED FIELD SOBRIETY TESTING PROGRAM: A QUANTITATIVE STUDY A Thesis by RODNEY JOSEPH MERKLEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject' Educational Human Resource Development OFFICER COMPETENCY IN THE TEXAS STANDARDIZED FIELD SOBRIETY TESTING PROGRAM: A QUANTITATIVE STUDY A Thesis by RODNEY JOSEPH MERKLEY Submitted to Texas...

Merkley, Rodney Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Quantitative determination of mineral composition by powder x-ray diffraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An external standard intensity ratio method is used for quantitatively determining mineralogic compositions of samples by x-ray diffraction. The method uses ratios of x-ray intensity peaks from a single run. Constants are previously determined for each mineral which is to be quantitatively measured. Ratios of the highest intensity peak of each mineral to be quantified in the sample and the highest intensity peak of a reference mineral contained in the sample are used to calculate sample composition.

Pawloski, G.A.

1984-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Evaluation of coal-derived liquids as boiler fuels. Volume 3. Emissions test results. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A combustion demonstration using six coal-derived fuels was conducted on a utility boiler located at the plant, Sweatt Electric Generating Station of Mississippi Power Company, in Meridian, Mississippi. Volume 1, of a 5 volume report, contains a comprehensive report of the whole test program - see abstract of Volume 1 for a detailed abstract of the whole program. Volume 3 contains detailed emissions testing results. 41 figs., 6 tabs. (LTN)

Not Available

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Scientists Report Results on Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientists Report Results on Fusion ... Steady progress points to several feasible controls for thermonuclear "fire" ... American scientists trying to control thermonuclear fusion have summed up the results of their work of the past two years. ...

1960-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

473

Quantitative compositional analysis and strain study of InAs quantum wires with InGaAlAs barrier layers  

SciTech Connect

Quantitative compositional analysis of InAs quantum wires deposited between In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.37}Al{sub 0.1}As barrier layers grown on InP substrates was performed by electron energy loss spectrometry and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. An indium-rich region in the center of the wire, with decreasing indium concentration toward the interface with the barrier layers, was observed from indium concentration maps for individual quantum wires. 'Stripelike' contrast modulation was observed in diffraction contrast transmission electron microscope images of the In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.37}Al{sub 0.1}As barrier layer immediately above the quantum wires. The contrast originated from indium compositional modulations in the upper barrier layer as confirmed by electron energy loss spectrometry and the modulation is attributed to the presence of an inhomogeneous elastic strain field generated by the buried quantum wires. These results suggest that quantitative analysis of the composition and strain distributions at very high spatial resolution provides insights necessary to further model the physical properties and to understand the growth of these nanostructures.

Cui, K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Robertson, M. D. [Department of Physics, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS, B4P 2R6 (Canada); Robinson, B. J. [Center for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Andrei, C. M. [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Thompson, D. A. [Center for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada); Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7 (Canada)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

PROCEEDINGS Open Access Quantitative assessment of mitochondrial DNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the accurate assessment of mtDNA copies from whole genome sequencing data. Results: Two families of the human whole genome sequencing datasets from the HapMap and the 1000 Genomes projects were used and user's guide available to the public at http://sourceforge.net/projects/mitocounter/. Background Human

Chen, Chaur-Chin

475

Quantitative Methodology for Assessing State-Level Nuclear Security Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SQ Utility Function ......................................................................... 95 Figure 23. Utility Functions of Plutonium Quality and Uranium Enrichment ................. 98 Figure 24. Process of Determining Upgrades to Reach Target... Values Based on Risk Attitude ..................................................... 90 Table 13. Utility Values for Various Plutonium Qualities and Uranium Enrichments .... 97 Table 14. SNM Pathway Generation Verification Results...

Myers, Christopher 1985-

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

476

Communicating Results | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Communicating Results Communicating Results Communicating Results Communicating Results: Provide exam results to participants, as well as information regarding any conditions that may require follow-up medical care with their personal physicians or specialists, and provide information regarding possible compensation for work-related illnesses. Follow-up care is not covered by the program. Occupational medicine physicians review the results from the screening exams, along with the completed medical and occupational exposure history questionnaires, to determine whether there are any abnormal findings that may require immediate attention or whether the findings may have been caused by a work-related exposure. Participants requiring urgent medical attention for an abnormal test result are contacted immediately by phone,

477

Evaluation of respirator fit training by quantitative fit testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that all respirator wearers be trained and f1t tested. In additiion, as part of a complete respiratory protection program, the effect1veness of resp1rator use training should be appraised at periodic 1ntervals. The purpose of this experiment... of trained individuals was able to significantly improve their measured protection factors when compared to the untrained control group. In addition, when fit tests were re- peated on the same day, the second test resulted in consistently higher scores...

Chute, Daniel Otis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Development of a Detailed Chemical Kinetic Mechanism for Diisobutylene and Comparison to Shock Tube Ignition Times  

SciTech Connect

There is much demand for chemical kinetic models to represent practical fuels such as gasoline, diesel and aviation fuel. These blended fuels contain hundreds of components whose identity and amounts are often unknown. A chemical kinetic mechanism that would represent the oxidation of all these species with accompanying chemical reactions is intractable with current computational capabilities, chemical knowledge and manpower resources. The use of surrogate fuels is an approach to make the development of chemical kinetic mechanisms for practical fuels tractable. A surrogate fuel model consists of a small number of fuel components that can be used to represent the practical fuel and still predict desired characteristics of the practical fuel. These desired fuel characteristics may include ignition behavior, burning velocity, fuel viscosity, fuel vaporization, and fuel emissions (carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, soot and nitric oxides). Gasoline consists of many different classes of hydrocarbons including n-alkanes, alkenes, iso-alkanes, cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes, and aromatics. One approach is to use a fuel surrogate that has a single component from each class of hydrocarbon in gasoline so that the unique molecular structure of each class is represented. This approach may lead to reliable predictions of many of the combustion properties of the practical fuel. In order to obtain a fuel surrogate mechanism, detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms must be developed for each component in the surrogate. In this study, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism is developed for diisobutylene, a fuel intended to represent alkenes in practical fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and aviation fuel. The fuel component diisobutylene usually consists of a mixture of two conjugate olefins of iso-octane: 1- or 2-pentene, 2,4,4-trimethyl. Diisobutylene has a similar molecular structure to iso-octane, so that its kinetics offers insight into the effect of including a double bond in the carbon skeletal structure of iso-octane. There are few previous studies on diisobutylene. Kaiser et al. [1] examined the exhaust emission from a production spark ignition engine with neat diisobutylene and with it mixed with gasoline. They found the exhaust emissions of diisobutylene to be similar to that of iso-octane. They saw a significant increase in the amount of 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene measured in the exhaust of the engine. They also found appreciable amount of propene in the exhaust, but could not explain the source of this product as they did others in terms of C-C bond beta scission of alkyl radicals. Risberg et al. [2] studied a number of fuel blends to evaluate their autoignition quality for use in a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine, using diisobutylene to represent olefins in one of their test fuels. In this study, experiments on the shock tube ignition of both isomers of diisobutylene will be described. Then, the development of a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the two isomers of diisobutylene will be discussed.

Metcalfe, W; Curran, H J; Simmie, J M; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2005-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

479

Search Results | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Search Results » Search Results Search Results » Search Results Search Results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 48,807 results. Rebate COOLAdvantage Program '''''Note: Residents affected by Hurricane Sandy are eligible for an additional rebate of $200 for qualifying heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, and air conditioners purchased on or after October... http://energy.gov/node/681216 Rebate CPS Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program CPS Energy offers a variety of rebates for energy efficiency related improvements to residential homes, including: appliances, HVAC equipment, insulation, and equipment recycling.. Rebate... http://energy.gov/node/681221 Rebate CPS Energy- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates CPS Energy, San Antonio's municipal electric utility, offers energy

480

2006 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 User Survey Results 6 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 15 | Next » 2006 User Survey Results Table of Contents Survey Results Users are invited to provide overall comments about NERSC: Here are the survey results: Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings All Usefulness Topics Hardware Resources Software Visualization and Data Analysis HPC Consulting Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Survey Results Many thanks to the 256 users who responded to this year's User Survey. This represents a response rate of about 13 percent of the active NERSC users. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "detailed quantitative results" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An integrated quantitative hazard analysis method for natural gas jet release from underground gas storage caverns in salt rock. II: A sample computation and parametric study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is of great importance and necessity to perform quantitative hazard analysis on possible accidental leakage from gas storage cavern in salt rock. To improve the working safety in the cavern, an integrated quantitative method for hazard analysis on natural gas jet release from caverns in salt rock was presented. In this paper, a sample of gas storage cavern in salt rock was analyzed to demonstrate the presented method. Furthermore, the factors that influence the hazard range of leakage accidents from gas storage cavern in salt rock were discussed. The results indicated that the release rate diminishes with increased pipe length due to friction in steady-state. Meanwhile, the hazard distance from production casing also diminishes with increased pipe length. As the pipeline gets as long as several kilometers, the predicted hazard distance will be constant. However, the hazard distance increases with increasing the operating pressure and pipeline diameter.

Shigang Yang; Qin Fang; Hao Wu; Yadong Zhang; Hengbo Xiang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Communicating Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

as elevated cholesterol or high blood pressure). The results letter also includes general health advice for workers, such as recommendations for smoking cessation. Individuals who...

483

Waste Management's LNG Truck Fleet: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

Waste Management, Inc., began operating a fleet of heavy-duty LNG refuse trucks at its Washington, Pennsylvania, facility. The objective of the project was to provide transportation professionals with quantitative, unbiased information on the cost, maintenance, operational, and emissions characteristics of LNG as one alternative to conventional diesel for heavy-duty trucking applications.

Chandler, K. [Battelle (US); Norton, P. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (US); Clark, N. [West Virginia University (US)

2001-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

484

Quantitative assessment of proposals on assurance of nuclear fuel supply  

SciTech Connect

The assurance of nuclear fuel supply has the potential to contribute to balancing peaceful use of nuclear power and nuclear nonproliferation. 5 proposals which provide the backup supply of the enrichment service in case of supply disruption, are investigated in this study. We investigated the 20 NPT countries which are non-nuclear-weapon states and possess operable commercial LWRs in October 2012 as potential participants for each proposal. As a result of literature researching, we have extracted factors that can be considered as important for a country to participate or not participate in the assurance of nuclear fuel supply. Then we have computed incentive and disincentive parameters for each country. The results show that the participation expectancy decreases in the order of IAEA Fuel Bank proposal, Russian LEU Reserve proposal, AFS proposal, WNA proposal and 6-Country proposal. The 'IAEA fuel bank proposal' would be triggered in case of the supply disruption which cannot be solved by the market mechanism and bilateral agreements.

Tanaka, T.; Kuno, Y.; Tanaka, S. [University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongou, Bunkyou-ku, Tokyo 112-0005 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Yosemite Waters Vehicle Evaluation Report: Final Results  

SciTech Connect

Document details the evaluation of Fischer-Tropsch diesel, a gas-to-liquid fuel, in medium-duty delivery vehicles at Yosemite Waters. The study was conducted by NREL at the company's Fullerton, California, bottling headquarters.

Eudy, L.; Barnitt, R.; Alleman, T. L.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

September 27, 2011 Search results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OR atom*) Advanced Search provides: - template for fielded searching - search within journal volSeptember 27, 2011 Search results Remove any search step by clicking x. Move to next page be printed, emailed, or exported to RefWorks, etc. Copy this link to get an RSS feed of these search results

487

Quantitative grain size evaluation using ultrasonic backscattered echoes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grain size characterization using ultrasonicbackscattered signals is an important problem in nondestructive testing of materials. In this paper a heuristic model which relates the statistical characteristics of the measured signal to the mean ultrasonicwavelet and attenuation coefficient in different regions of the sample is investigated. The losses in the backscattered signal are examined using temporal averaging correlation and probability distribution functions of the segmented data. Furthermore homomorphic processing is used in a novel application to estimate the mean ultrasonicwavelet (as it propagates through the sample) and the frequency?dependent attenuation. In the work presented heat?treated stainless steel samples with various grain sizes are examined. The processed experimental results support the feasibility of the grain size evaluation techniques presented here using the backscattered grain signal.

Jafar Saniie; Nihat M. Bilgutay

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Quantitative analysis of inclusion distributions in hot pressed silicon carbide  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT Depth of penetration measurements in hot pressed SiC have exhibited significant variability that may be influenced by microstructural defects. To obtain a better understanding regarding the role of microstructural defects under highly dynamic conditions; fragments of hot pressed SiC plates subjected to impact tests were examined. Two types of inclusion defects were identified, carbonaceous and an aluminum-iron-oxide phase. A disproportionate number of large inclusions were found on the rubble, indicating that the inclusion defects were a part of the fragmentation process. Distribution functions were plotted to compare the inclusion populations. Fragments from the superior performing sample had an inclusion population consisting of more numerous but smaller inclusions. One possible explanation for this result is that the superior sample withstood a greater stress before failure, causing a greater number of smaller inclusions to participate in fragmentation than in the weaker sample.

Michael Paul Bakas

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Quantitative Analysis of Spectral Impacts on Silicon Photodiode Radiometers  

SciTech Connect

Inexpensive broadband pyranometers with silicon photodiode detectors have a non-uniform spectral response over the spectral range of 300-1100 nm. The response region includes only about 70% to 75% of the total energy in the terrestrial solar spectral distribution from 300 nm to 4000 nm. The solar spectrum constantly changes with solar position and atmospheric conditions. Relative spectral distributions of diffuse hemispherical irradiance sky radiation and total global hemispherical irradiance are drastically different. This analysis convolves a typical photodiode response with SMARTS 2.9.5 spectral model spectra for different sites and atmospheric conditions. Differences in solar component spectra lead to differences on the order of 2% in global hemispherical and 5% or more in diffuse hemispherical irradiances from silicon radiometers. The result is that errors of more than 7% can occur in the computation of direct normal irradiance from global hemispherical irradiance and diffuse hemispherical irradiance using these radiometers.

Myers, D. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Quantitative Analysis of Spectral Impacts on Silicon Photodiode Radiometers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Inexpensive broadband pyranometers with silicon photodiode detectors have a non-uniform spectral response over the spectral range of 300-1100 nm. The response region includes only about 70% to 75% of the total energy in the terrestrial solar spectral distribution from 300 nm to 4000 nm. The solar spectrum constantly changes with solar position and atmospheric conditions. Relative spectral distributions of diffuse hemispherical irradiance sky radiation and total global hemispherical irradiance are drastically different. This analysis convolves a typical photodiode response with SMARTS 2.9.5 spectral model spectra for different sites and atmospheric conditions. Differences in solar component spectra lead to differences on the order of 2% in global hemispherical and 5% or more in diffuse hemispherical irradiances from silicon radiometers. The result is that errors of more than 7% can occur in the computation of direct normal irradiance from global hemispherical irradiance and diffuse hemispherical irradiance using these radiometers.

Myers, D. R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

A detailed analysis of gains and losses of a fully-integrated flat roof amorphous silicon photovoltaic plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2003 a fully-integrated photovoltaic (PV) plant composed by amorphous silicon PV modules was installed on top of a flat roof in Lugano (Southern Switzerland) – a site representative for most of continental Europe – and continuously monitored since. This work follows a previous study which analyzed the first 2 years of operation of the