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1

Manhattan Project: Suggested Readings  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SUGGESTED READINGS SUGGESTED READINGS Resources > Readings The literature on the Manhattan Project is extensive. The purpose of this web page is not to catalogue it, but only to suggest a very select few places to start. For more exhaustive lists of secondary works relating to the early history of nuclear energy, consult the bibliographies of the books listed below. Suggested Surveys of the Manhattan Project Gosling, F. G. The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb. DOE/MA-0001; Washington: History Division, Department of Energy, January 1999. An overview history by the Chief Historian of the Department of Energy and the basis for most of the "Events" in this web site. The best short survey for the general reader. Revised with additional photographs in January 2010 as DOE/MA-0002 Revised and available in .pdf format.

2

ARM - VAP Suggestion Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsVAP Suggestion Form ProductsVAP Suggestion Form Showcase Data ARM Best Estimate Data Products (ARMBE) This is a collection of data products that represents "best estimates" derived from several instruments and/or VAPs. We are interested in your feedback; please contact us. VAP Update Information on new, existing, and future value-added products for July-September 2013 is now available. Have a VAP idea? Use this form to let us know. Datastream Status Further details on the status of VAPs being processed or developed, can be found at on the ARM Value-Added Product (VAP) Status web page. Use the Data File Inventory tool to view VAP data availability at the file level. Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Suggestion Form

3

BOOK SUGGESTIONS We welcome suggestions for new ad-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOOK SUGGESTIONS We welcome suggestions for new ad- ditions to the library collection. These can be submitted using the electronic form on the Library website; written in the Library Suggestions book. Please ring the bell. Library staff are happy to assist with fetching books from shelves. BORROWING

Travis, Adrian

4

FEMP SUGGESTED ESPC MILESTONE PLAN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document provides the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP's) suggested energy savings performance contract (ESPC) milestones from task order development to award process.

5

Context-aware personal diet suggestion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keeping a healthy and balanced diet has long been a critical issue for a person wanting to stay fit and energetic in her/his daily life. We can always turn to a dietitian (or a nutritionist) for professional diet suggestions if necessary. However, we ... Keywords: activity level, context-awareness, diet suggestion, smart refrigerator

Yu-Chiao Huang; Ching-Hu Lu; Tsung-Han Yang; Li-Chen Fu; Ching-Yao Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Suggestions and Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phone Book Fermilab at Work Search Search Go Skip over navigation to main content EAG Home About the EAG EAG Members Questions and Answers Suggestions and Questions Focus Group...

7

PARS II KNOWN ISSUES AND SUGGESTED WORKAROUNDS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KNOWN ISSUES AND SUGGESTED KNOWN ISSUES AND SUGGESTED WORKAROUNDS October 1, 2010 1 The following information identifies known issues in PARS II and suggests possible workarounds to address those issues. Upon log-in, I receive a white screen. What should I do? A fix was added to PARS II to partially mitigate the issue of users getting a blank white screen when logging in. This issue is caused by their previous session having timed out, and Internet Explorer not recognizing that the session can't be restored. Note: While the fix assists in reducing the number of instances of this happening, it does not completely eliminate the issue as there are factors outside of the application that affect it. In the event the user receives a white screen, the following workaround is

8

Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Structure Suggests Role Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter Print Wednesday, 24 June 2009 00:00 To split and copy DNA during replication, all cellular organisms use a multicomponent molecular machine known as the replisome. An essential step in replisome assembly is the loading of ring-shaped helicases (motor proteins) onto the separated strands of DNA. Dedicated ATP-fueled proteins regulate the loading; however, the mechanism by which these proteins recruit and deposit helicases has remained unclear. To better understand this process, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, recently determined the structure of the ATPase region of DnaC, a bacterial helicase loader. The structure revealed that DnaC is a close cousin of DnaA, the protein thought to be responsible for unwinding DNA. Unexpectedly, the team further found that DnaC forms a right-handed helix similar to the state adopted by ATP-bound DnaA. These findings, together with biochemical studies, implicate DnaC as a molecular adapter that uses ATP-activated DnaA as a docking site for ensuring that DnaB (the ring-shaped helicase) is correctly deposited at the onset of replication.

9

Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental monitoring stations, canyons Stations supporting Santa...

10

Describing Next Generation Communication Services: A Usage Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Telecom services are usually described from an applicative perspective. Service providers should yet describe formally what their services do for their users, in order to adapt them to user's needs and to compose them. We propose here a framework to ...

Emmanuel Bertin; Noel Crespi

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Learning to suggest: a machine learning framework for ranking query suggestions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the task of suggesting related queries to users after they issue their initial query to a web search engine. We propose a machine learning approach to learn the probability that a user may find a follow-up query both useful and relevant, ... Keywords: machine learning, query log mining, query suggestion, search assistance

Umut Ozertem; Olivier Chapelle; Pinar Donmez; Emre Velipasaoglu

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Environmental Kuznets Curve Does Not Exist,” AustralianDoes the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individualover time, even if it does not appear to do so immediately.

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

ARM - Evaluation Product - Critical soil quantities for describing land  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCritical soil quantities for describing land ProductsCritical soil quantities for describing land properties Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Critical soil quantities for describing land properties 1994.01.01 - 2012.12.31 Site(s) SGP General Description The ARMBELAND is a subset of the ARM Best Estimate (ARMBE) products for supporting community land-atmospheric research and land model developments. It contains several critical soil quantities that ARM has been measuring for many years for describing land properties. The quantities in ARMBE-Land are averaged over one hour time interval, consistent with other ARMBE datasets. It is recommended to use with other ARMBE data products such as ARMBECLDRAD (cloud and radiative fluxes) and ARMBEATM (surface

14

DOE-HDBK-1108-2002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice 2 - (July 2013) This non-mandatory Handbook describes a recommended implementation process for conducting the radiation safety training required by Title 10 Code of Federal...

15

DOE-HDBK-1108-2002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(January 2007) This non-mandatory Handbook describes a recommended implementation process for conducting the radiation safety training required by Title 10 Code of Federal...

16

Suggested Talking Points for Hydrogen Road Tour | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Suggested Talking Points for Hydrogen Road Tour Suggested Talking Points for Hydrogen Road Tour Suggested Talking Points for Hydrogen Road Tour More Documents & Publications...

17

Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos Radostin D Simitev1 a realistic description of the solar cycle, but through a physically motivated change in the boundary be reversed at least at low latitudes. Keywords: self-consistent MHD dynamos, solar dynamo 1. Introduction

Simitev, Radostin D

18

DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor Technologies for Improved Grid Operations Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 15 August, 2013 - 09:09 OpenEI PMU recovery act SGIG Smart Grid The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) is pleased to announce the publication of a new report from the Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) and Smart Grid Demonstration programs (SGDP), which are grid modernization activities funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). Twelve projects are installing synchrophasor technologies and systems across the country and beginning to use various on-line and off-line

19

Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

D D e s c r i b i n g C u r r e n t and P o t e n t i a l M a r k e t s for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles March 1996 DOE/EIA-0604 Energy Information Administration AFV ? ? Gas FUEL DOE/EIA-0604 Distribution Category UC-950 Describing Current and Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles March 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration/Describing Current and Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

20

Describing Commodity Prices in the Energy Book System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Energy Book System (EBS) Version 1.20 modules require that users specify a forward price curve and volatility term structure for each commodity market underlying their portfolio. If users wish to measure and manage portfolio risk and/or value certain cross-commodity derivatives, such as spread options and generation assets, then they must also specify commodity price correlations. This report provides a 'first-cut' method for helping EBS users estimate parameters that describe the relevant power...

2000-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

HERMES: A Model to Describe Deformation, Burning, Explosion, and Detonation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HERMES (High Explosive Response to MEchanical Stimulus) was developed to fill the need for a model to describe an explosive response of the type described as BVR (Burn to Violent Response) or HEVR (High Explosive Violent Response). Characteristically this response leaves a substantial amount of explosive unconsumed, the time to reaction is long, and the peak pressure developed is low. In contrast, detonations characteristically consume all explosive present, the time to reaction is short, and peak pressures are high. However, most of the previous models to describe explosive response were models for detonation. The earliest models to describe the response of explosives to mechanical stimulus in computer simulations were applied to intentional detonation (performance) of nearly ideal explosives. In this case, an ideal explosive is one with a vanishingly small reaction zone. A detonation is supersonic with respect to the undetonated explosive (reactant). The reactant cannot respond to the pressure of the detonation before the detonation front arrives, so the precise compressibility of the reactant does not matter. Further, the mesh sizes that were practical for the computer resources then available were large with respect to the reaction zone. As a result, methods then used to model detonations, known as {beta}-burn or program burn, were not intended to resolve the structure of the reaction zone. Instead, these methods spread the detonation front over a few finite-difference zones, in the same spirit that artificial viscosity is used to spread the shock front in inert materials over a few finite-difference zones. These methods are still widely used when the structure of the reaction zone and the build-up to detonation are unimportant. Later detonation models resolved the reaction zone. These models were applied both to performance, particularly as it is affected by the size of the charge, and to situations in which the stimulus was less than that needed for reliable performance, whether as a result of accident, hazard, or a fault in the detonation train. These models describe the build-up of detonation from a shock stimulus. They are generally consistent with the mesoscale picture of ignition at many small defects in the plane of the shock front and the growth of the resulting hot-spots, leading to detonation in heterogeneous explosives such as plastic-bonded explosives (PBX). The models included terms for ignition, and also for the growth of reaction as tracked by the local mass fraction of product gas, {lambda}. The growth of reaction in such models incorporates a form factor that describes the change of surface area per unit volume (specific surface area) as the reaction progresses. For unimolecular crystalline-based explosives, the form factor is consistent with the mesoscale picture of a galaxy of hot spots burning outward and eventually interacting with each other. For composite explosives and propellants, where the fuel and oxidizer are segregated, the diffusion flame at the fuel-oxidizer interface can be interpreted with a different form factor that corresponds to grains burning inward from their surfaces. The form factor influences the energy release rate, and the amount of energy released in the reaction zone. Since the 19th century, gun and cannon propellants have used perforated geometric shapes that produce an increasing surface area as the propellant burns. This helps maintain the pressure as burning continues while the projectile travels down the barrel, which thereby increases the volume of the hot gas. Interior ballistics calculations use a geometric form factor to describe the changing surface area precisely. As a result, with a suitably modified form factor, detonation models can represent burning and explosion in damaged and broken reactant. The disadvantage of such models in application to accidents is that the ignition term does not distinguish between a value of pressure that results from a shock, and the same pressure that results from a more gradual increase. This disagrees with experiments, where

Reaugh, J E

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

22

HERMES: A Model to Describe Deformation, Burning, Explosion, and Detonation  

SciTech Connect

HERMES (High Explosive Response to MEchanical Stimulus) was developed to fill the need for a model to describe an explosive response of the type described as BVR (Burn to Violent Response) or HEVR (High Explosive Violent Response). Characteristically this response leaves a substantial amount of explosive unconsumed, the time to reaction is long, and the peak pressure developed is low. In contrast, detonations characteristically consume all explosive present, the time to reaction is short, and peak pressures are high. However, most of the previous models to describe explosive response were models for detonation. The earliest models to describe the response of explosives to mechanical stimulus in computer simulations were applied to intentional detonation (performance) of nearly ideal explosives. In this case, an ideal explosive is one with a vanishingly small reaction zone. A detonation is supersonic with respect to the undetonated explosive (reactant). The reactant cannot respond to the pressure of the detonation before the detonation front arrives, so the precise compressibility of the reactant does not matter. Further, the mesh sizes that were practical for the computer resources then available were large with respect to the reaction zone. As a result, methods then used to model detonations, known as {beta}-burn or program burn, were not intended to resolve the structure of the reaction zone. Instead, these methods spread the detonation front over a few finite-difference zones, in the same spirit that artificial viscosity is used to spread the shock front in inert materials over a few finite-difference zones. These methods are still widely used when the structure of the reaction zone and the build-up to detonation are unimportant. Later detonation models resolved the reaction zone. These models were applied both to performance, particularly as it is affected by the size of the charge, and to situations in which the stimulus was less than that needed for reliable performance, whether as a result of accident, hazard, or a fault in the detonation train. These models describe the build-up of detonation from a shock stimulus. They are generally consistent with the mesoscale picture of ignition at many small defects in the plane of the shock front and the growth of the resulting hot-spots, leading to detonation in heterogeneous explosives such as plastic-bonded explosives (PBX). The models included terms for ignition, and also for the growth of reaction as tracked by the local mass fraction of product gas, {lambda}. The growth of reaction in such models incorporates a form factor that describes the change of surface area per unit volume (specific surface area) as the reaction progresses. For unimolecular crystalline-based explosives, the form factor is consistent with the mesoscale picture of a galaxy of hot spots burning outward and eventually interacting with each other. For composite explosives and propellants, where the fuel and oxidizer are segregated, the diffusion flame at the fuel-oxidizer interface can be interpreted with a different form factor that corresponds to grains burning inward from their surfaces. The form factor influences the energy release rate, and the amount of energy released in the reaction zone. Since the 19th century, gun and cannon propellants have used perforated geometric shapes that produce an increasing surface area as the propellant burns. This helps maintain the pressure as burning continues while the projectile travels down the barrel, which thereby increases the volume of the hot gas. Interior ballistics calculations use a geometric form factor to describe the changing surface area precisely. As a result, with a suitably modified form factor, detonation models can represent burning and explosion in damaged and broken reactant. The disadvantage of such models in application to accidents is that the ignition term does not distinguish between a value of pressure that results from a shock, and the same pressure that results from a more gradual increase. This disagrees with experiments, where

Reaugh, J E

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

23

Generalized holographic dark energy model described at the Hubble length  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generalize the holographic dark energy model described in Hubble length IR cutoff by assuming a slowly time varying function for holographic parameter $c^2$. We calculate the evolution of EoS parameter and the deceleration parameter as well as the evolution of dark energy density in this generalized model. We show that the phantom line is crossed from quintessence regime to phantom regime which is in agreement with observation. The evolution of deceleration parameter indicates the transition from decelerated to accelerated expansion. Eventually, we show that the GHDE with HIR cutoff can interpret the pressureless dark matter era at the early time and dark energy dominated phase later.

M. Malekjani

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

24

Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 Consumer Vehicle Preferences Energy Information Administration/Describing Current and Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles 4-3 4.1. Introduction The major aims of this study are to analyze and summarize the results of a national telephone survey of consumer vehicle preferences and attitudes toward alternative-fuel vehicles. The study approach, the sample design specifications, the questionnaire, and the processing specifications were developed by students enrolled in a survey practicum course at the University of Maryland. This course is one of the graduate degree requirements of the Joint Program in Survey Methodology sponsored by the University of Maryland, the University of Michigan, and Westat, Inc. The professor for the course, who

25

The self-describing data sets file protocol and Toolkit  

SciTech Connect

The Self-Describing Data Sets (SDDS) file protocol continues to be used extensively in commissioning the Advanced Photon Source (APS) accelerator complex. SDDS protocol has proved useful primarily due to the existence of the SDDS Toolkit, a growing set of about 60 generic commandline programs that read and/or write SDDS files. The SDDS Toolkit is also used extensively for simulation postprocessing, giving physicists a single environment for experiment and simulation. With the Toolkit, new SDDS data is displayed and subjected to complex processing without developing new programs. Data from EPICS, lab instruments, simulation, and other sources are easily integrated. Because the SDDS tools are commandline-based, data processing scripts are readily written using the user`s preferred shell language. Since users work within a UNIX shell rather than an application-specific shell or GUI, they may add SDDS-compliant programs and scripts to their personal toolkits without restriction or complication. The SDDS Toolkit has been run under UNIX on SUN OS4, HP-UX, and LINUX. Application of SDDS to accelerator operation is being pursued using Tcl/Tk to provide a GUI.

Borland, M.; Emery, L.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Describing current and potential markets for alternative-fuel vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motor vehicles are a major source of greenhouse gases, and the rising numbers of motor vehicles and miles driven could lead to more harmful emissions that may ultimately affect the world`s climate. One approach to curtailing such emissions is to use, instead of gasoline, alternative fuels: LPG, compressed natural gas, or alcohol fuels. In addition to the greenhouse gases, pollutants can be harmful to human health: ozone, CO. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 authorized EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards to control this. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT) was the first new law to emphasize strengthened energy security and decreased reliance on foreign oil since the oil shortages of the 1970`s. EPACT emphasized increasing the number of alternative-fuel vehicles (AFV`s) by mandating their incremental increase of use by Federal, state, and alternative fuel provider fleets over the new few years. Its goals are far from being met; alternative fuels` share remains trivial, about 0.3%, despite gains. This report describes current and potential markets for AFV`s; it begins by assessing the total vehicle stock, and then it focuses on current use of AFV`s in alternative fuel provider fleets and the potential for use of AFV`s in US households.

NONE

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

TNO and RUN at the TREC 2012 Contextual Suggestion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Suggestion Track: Recommending personalized touristic sights using Google Places ... In our approach we mainly used the Google Places API. ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

28

NIST Calls for Suggestions to Speed Computer Incident ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Calls for Suggestions to Speed Computer Incident Teams Responses. From NIST Tech Beat: June 28, 2013. ...

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

29

Overview of the TREC 2012 Contextual Suggestion Track  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to the current context without the user having to enter an explicit ... The search terms used were manually generated based on the sample suggestions ...

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

30

NIST Study Suggests Carbon Nanotubes May Protect DNA ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... wall carbon nanotube soot standard reference material. Recent NIST research suggests that, at least in the laboratory, carbon nanotubes may help ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

31

Query Suggestions for Mobile Search: Understanding Usage Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inc 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA shumeet@google.com ABSTRACT Entering search terms that users who were asked to enter queries on a search interface with query suggestions rated their workload heavily on suggestions if they are provided. Users who were asked to enter queries on a search interface

Cortes, Corinna

32

Intentional query suggestion: making user goals more explicit during search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

student.tugraz.at The degree to which users ’ make their search intent explicit can be assumed to represent an upper bound on the level of service that search engines can provide. In a departure from traditional query expansion mechanisms, we introduce Intentional Query Suggestion as a novel idea that is attempting to make users ’ intent more explicit during search. In this paper, we present a prototypical algorithm for Intentional Query Suggestion and we discuss corresponding data from comparative experiments with traditional query suggestion mechanisms. Our preliminary results indicate that intentional query suggestions 1) diversify search result sets (i.e. it reduces result set overlap) and 2) have the potential to yield higher click-through rates than traditional query suggestions.

Markus Strohmaier; Mark Kröll; Christian Körner

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

https://www.directives.doe.gov Office of Management https://www.directives.doe.gov Office of Management DOE G 413.3-7A 1-12-2011 Risk Management Guide [This Guide describes suggested non-mandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-7A i (and ii) 1-12-2011 FOREWORD This Department of Energy Guide is for use by all DOE elements. This Guide intends to provide non-mandatory risk management approaches for implementing the requirements of DOE O 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, dated 11-29-

34

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASELINE QUALIFICATION STANDARD SUGGESTED STUDY REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References 2007 revision This list provides suggested study references for the technical competencies of the General Technical Base Qualification Standard (DOE STD 1146-2007). More comprehensive resources are available through the DOE Online Learning Center's training courses and the study guides available through the Federal Technical Capability Panel web site. The Uniform Resource Locaters for these sites are listed in the Standard. This list is arranged by Technical Competency, followed by the suggested reference source. Some competencies deal directly with DOE or Federal directives, and they are also the reference. In a few cases, the Study Guide is the only concise source, and appropriate sections are listed.

35

Molecular research suggests shift needed in how drugs are created  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular research suggests shift needed in how drugs are created -Press: Release Number: PR-UIUC-05-2 -Source: University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign -Date issued: October 3,...

36

A suggested future Spade and Snoopy program for Pluto effort  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum elaborates on items discussed in a meeting held July 13, 1961 a suggested Spade and Snoopy Program for the Pluto effort. Topics were specific Tory II-C features, basic studies, and miscellaneous items.

Goldberg, E.

1961-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

37

Suggested Questions for Panel Discussion: Infrastructure and Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suggested Questions for Panel Discussion: Infrastructure and Transportation Moderator: Kirk Panelists: Jim Wood, Director of the Office of Policy Planning, Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT will face due to future changes in climate/climate variability, and sea levels? Jim Wood: One

Watson, Craig A.

38

Disputed sentence suggestion towards credibility-oriented web search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel type of query suggestion to support credibility-oriented Web search. When users issue queries to search for Web pages, our system collects disputed sentences about queries from the Web. Then, the system measures how typical and relevant ...

Yusuke Yamamoto

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Type II topoisomerases are molecular machines that regulate DNA supercoiling and separate interlocked chromosomes. These enzymes are also exploited clinically as targets of antibiotics and anticancer therapeutics. Researchers at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 imaged type II topoisomerase's ordinarily short-lived state in which it is linked to a DNA's nucleic acid segment through its active site tyrosine, cleaving the DNA. Details of this molecular model provide evidence for the chemical mechanism by which type II topoisomerases (topo IIs) and a related topo family (topo IA) accomplish DNA cleavage. The structure also reveals how the enzyme avoids dissociating when DNA is cleaved, preventing the aberrant formation of mutagenic genomic lesions.

40

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Type II topoisomerases are molecular machines that regulate DNA supercoiling and separate interlocked chromosomes. These enzymes are also exploited clinically as targets of antibiotics and anticancer therapeutics. Researchers at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 imaged type II topoisomerase's ordinarily short-lived state in which it is linked to a DNA's nucleic acid segment through its active site tyrosine, cleaving the DNA. Details of this molecular model provide evidence for the chemical mechanism by which type II topoisomerases (topo IIs) and a related topo family (topo IA) accomplish DNA cleavage. The structure also reveals how the enzyme avoids dissociating when DNA is cleaved, preventing the aberrant formation of mutagenic genomic lesions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Low Dose Radiation Program: Links - Suggested Books and Literature for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Suggested Books and Literature for Teachers about Radiation Suggested Books and Literature for Teachers about Radiation Popular Press News Articles Newspapers is an excellent portal or gateway to newspapers from all 50 states. To find a newspaper of interest, select a state and click Search. For a more specified search, fill in the Title of the newspaper and click Search. The newspapers available from that state are listed alphabetically. Hall, E., Radiation and Life Hall, E.J.Radiobiology for the Radiologist. 5th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. 2000 Nagai, T.Atomic Bomb Rescue and Relief Report. Nagasaki Association for Hibakushas' Medical Care (NASHIM), Nagasaki, Japan. 2000 Nagataki, S.Nagasaki Symposium on Chernobyl: Update and Future, Proceedings of "Chernobyl Update" 3 June 1994 at the 67th Annual Meeting of

42

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Type II topoisomerases are molecular machines that regulate DNA supercoiling and separate interlocked chromosomes. These enzymes are also exploited clinically as targets of antibiotics and anticancer therapeutics. Researchers at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 imaged type II topoisomerase's ordinarily short-lived state in which it is linked to a DNA's nucleic acid segment through its active site tyrosine, cleaving the DNA. Details of this molecular model provide evidence for the chemical mechanism by which type II topoisomerases (topo IIs) and a related topo family (topo IA) accomplish DNA cleavage. The structure also reveals how the enzyme avoids dissociating when DNA is cleaved, preventing the aberrant formation of mutagenic genomic lesions.

43

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topoisomerase II Structure Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism Print Wednesday, 26 January 2011 00:00 Type II topoisomerases are molecular machines that regulate DNA supercoiling and separate interlocked chromosomes. These enzymes are also exploited clinically as targets of antibiotics and anticancer therapeutics. Researchers at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 imaged type II topoisomerase's ordinarily short-lived state in which it is linked to a DNA's nucleic acid segment through its active site tyrosine, cleaving the DNA. Details of this molecular model provide evidence for the chemical mechanism by which type II topoisomerases (topo IIs) and a related topo family (topo IA) accomplish DNA cleavage. The structure also reveals how the enzyme avoids dissociating when DNA is cleaved, preventing the aberrant formation of mutagenic genomic lesions.

44

Membrane proteomics of phagosomes suggests a connection to autophagy  

SciTech Connect

Phagocytosis is the central process by which macrophage cellsinternalize and eliminate infectious microbes as well as apoptoticcells. During maturation, phagosomes containing engulfed particlesfuse with various endosomal compartments through theaction of regulatory molecules on the phagosomal membrane. Inthis study, we performed a proteomic analysis of the membranefraction from latex bead-containing (LBC) phagosomes isolatedfrom macrophages. The profile, which comprised 546 proteins,suggests diverse functions of the phagosome and potential connectionsto secretory processes, toll-like receptor signaling, andautophagy. Many identified proteins were not previously knownto reside in the phagosome. We characterized several proteins inLBC phagosomes that change in abundance on induction of autophagy,a process that has been previously implicated in the hostdefense against microbial pathogens. These observations suggestcrosstalk between autophagy and phagocytosis that may be relevantto the innate immune response of macrophages.

Shui, Wenqing; Sheu, Leslie; Liu, Jun; Smart, Brian; Petzold, Christopher J.; Hsieh, Tsung-yen; Pitcher, Austin; Keasling*, Jay D.; Bertozzi*, Carolyn R.

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

45

Drilling through gas hydrates formations: possible problems and suggested solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas hydrate research in the last two decades has taken various directions ranging from ways to understand the safe and economical production of this enormous resource to drilling problems. as more rigs and production platforms move into deeper waters to its environmental impact on global warming and cooling. Gas hydrates are ice-like structures of a water lattice with cavities, which contain guest gases. Gas hydrates are stable at low temperatures and high pressures. The amount of energy trapped in gas hydrates all over the world is about twice the amount found in all recoverable fossil fuels today. This research identifies the problems facing the oil and gas industry as it drills in deeper waters where gas hydrates are present and suggests solutions to some of the problems. The problems considered in this research have been approached from a drilling point of view. Hence, the parameters investigated and discussed are drilling controlled parameters. They include rate of penetration, circulation rate and drilling fluid density. The rate of penetration in offshore wells contributes largely to the final cost of the drilling process. These 3 parameters have been linked in the course of this research in order to suggest an optimum rate of penetration. The results show the rate of penetration is directly proportional to the amount of gas released when drilling through gas hydrate. As the volume of gas released increases, the problems facing the drilling rigs, drilling crew and environment is seen to increase. The results also show the extent of risk to be expected while drilling through gas hydrate formations. A chart relating the rate of penetration, circulation rate and effective mud weight was used to select the optimum drilling rate within the drilling safety window. Finally, future considerations and recommendations in order to improve the analyses presented in this work are presented. Other drilling parameters proposed for future analysis include drill bit analysis with respect to heat transfer and the impact of dissociation of gas hydrate around the wellbore and seafloor stability.

Amodu, Afolabi Ayoola

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A suggestion as to the nature of the lysosome granules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lysosome particles just shown us by Dr. Novikoff and his associates remind me of bodies associated with phagocytosis or pinocytosis, seen in liver parenchymal and endothelial cells, in mesothelial cells and in macrophages. Weatherford in 1932 (1) showed that carbon and colloidal dye particles injected intravenously in frogs are transported across liver endothelial and parenchymal cells and are released into the bile canaliculi. Mr. Hampton, a graduate student in our Department, has been studying the transfer of colloidal particles of thorotrast and of mercuric sulfide across liver cells, and has observed these particles in the cells in granules or bodies resembling the lysosome bodies Dr. Novikoff has just shown us. Dr. Odor (2) has reported at this meeting the passage of similar heavy particles across mesothelial cells, and has shown that the particles can be found in the mesothelial cells in bodies or vacuoles resembling the lysosome grazmles. These similarities prompt me to suggest that the lysosome granules may represent segregated phagocytosed or pinocytosed material in the liver cells. The enzymes associated with the

H. Stanley Bennett; On Ttte; Alex B. Novikoff; H. Beaufay; C. De Duve

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Suggested Record-Keeping Procedures for DDOE Energy Programs  

SciTech Connect

Sixteen different programs designed to increase energy efficiency and reduce the energy cost burden for District of Columbia residents, businesses, and non-profit organizations are currently provided by the District Department of the Environment's (DDOE's) Energy Office. In the spring of 2008, DDOE asked Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to provide assistance in its ongoing efforts to track the progress of those programs. Effective record-keeping can provide information to help managers improve their programs, be very useful in preparing quarterly reports documenting program achievements, and facilitate the performance of periodic evaluations that measure how well the various programs are achieving their objectives. The first major task in this study was to review existing documents describing DDOE's energy programs, to become familiar with the purpose and procedures of each one. The relevant documents included existing program evaluation plans, recent evaluations of DDOE's energy programs, relevant Public Service Commission orders, local regulatory filings, filings by other interested parties, and evaluation-related documents from other states. The next step was to conduct in-depth interviews with all DDOE energy program managers to obtain detailed information on each program's information needs, existing record-keeping procedures, and data collection capabilities. Those interviews were followed by discussions with DDOE evaluation staff to identify their key information requirements. Based on program goals and activities, evaluation and reporting needs, and other relevant factors revealed through the document review and in-depth interviews, we identified key items for each program on which the record-keeping effort should focus. The frequency of data collection was determined by the needs of program managers and evaluators as well as by reporting requirements. Appropriate analytical approaches to use with the data collected for each program were identified based on the evaluation-related documents reviewed and the experience of ORNL evaluators. Ideas on data entry and storage procedures were provided by interviews with information technology experts and a past ORNL examination of U.S. Department of Energy record-keeping practices.

Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Why does group theory fail to describe charge structure of particles ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is pointed out that the group theory cannot describe the charge structure of particles. Set theory is necessary to describe the charge structure of particles but the set of charges form group.

Amjad Hussain Shah Gilani

2005-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Development of a Composite Non-Electrostatic Surface Complexation Model Describing Plutonium Sorption to Aluminosilicates  

SciTech Connect

Due to their ubiquity in nature and chemical reactivity, aluminosilicate minerals play an important role in retarding actinide subsurface migration. However, very few studies have examined Pu interaction with clay minerals in sufficient detail to produce a credible mechanistic model of its behavior. In this work, Pu(IV) and Pu(V) interactions with silica, gibbsite (Aloxide), and Na-montmorillonite (smectite clay) were examined as a function of time and pH. Sorption of Pu(IV) and Pu(V) to gibbsite and silica increased with pH (4 to 10). The Pu(V) sorption edge shifted to lower pH values over time and approached that of Pu(IV). This behavior is apparently due to surface mediated reduction of Pu(V) to Pu(IV). Surface complexation constants describing Pu(IV)/Pu(V) sorption to aluminol and silanol groups were developed from the silica and gibbsite sorption experiments and applied to the montmorillonite dataset. The model provided an acceptable fit to the montmorillonite sorption data for Pu(V). In order to accurately predict Pu(IV) sorption to montmorillonite, the model required inclusion of ion exchange. The objective of this work is to measure the sorption of Pu(IV) and Pu(V) to silica, gibbsite, and smectite (montmorillonite). Aluminosilicate minerals are ubiquitous at the Nevada National Security Site and improving our understanding of Pu sorption to aluminosilicates (smectite clays in particular) is essential to the accurate prediction of Pu transport rates. These data will improve the mechanistic approach for modeling the hydrologic source term (HST) and provide sorption Kd parameters for use in CAU models. In both alluvium and tuff, aluminosilicates have been found to play a dominant role in the radionuclide retardation because their abundance is typically more than an order of magnitude greater than other potential sorbing minerals such as iron and manganese oxides (e.g. Vaniman et al., 1996). The sorption database used in recent HST models (Carle et al., 2006) and upscaled for use in CAU models (Stoller-Navarro, 2008) includes surface complexation constants for U, Am, Eu, Np and Pu (Zavarin and Bruton, 2004). Generally, between 15 to 30 datasets were used to develop the constants for each radionuclide. However, the constants that describe Pu sorption to aluminosilicates were developed using only 10 datasets, most of which did not specify the oxidation state of Pu in the experiment. Without knowledge or control of the Pu oxidation state, a high degree of uncertainty is introduced into the model. The existing Pu surface complexation model (e.g. Zavarin and Bruton, 2004) drastically underestimates Pu sorption and, thus, will overestimate Pu migration rates (Turner, 1995). Recent HST simulations at Cambric (Carle et al., 2006) suggest that the existing surface complexation model may underpredict Pu K{sub d}s by as much as 3 orders of magnitude. In order to improve HST and CAU-scale transport models (and, as a result, reduce the conservative nature Pu migration estimates), sorption experiments were performed over a range of solution conditions that brackets the groundwater chemistry of the Nevada National Security Site. The aluminosilicates examined were gibbsite, silica, and montmorillonite.

Powell, B A; Kersting, A; Zavarin, M; Zhao, P

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

50

RFIG lamps: interacting with a self-describing world via photosensing wireless tags and projectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how to instrument the physical world so that objects become self-describing, communicating their identity, geometry, and other information such as history or user annotation. The enabling technology is a wireless tag which acts as ... Keywords: augmented reality, human-machine communication, image stabilization, projector, radio frequency identification, stucture from motion

Ramesh Raskar; Paul Beardsley; Jeroen van Baar; Yao Wang; Paul Dietz; Johnny Lee; Darren Leigh; Thomas Willwacher

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

RFIG lamps: interacting with a self-describing world via photosensing wireless tags and projectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how to instrument the physical world so that objects become self-describing, communicating their identity, geometry, and other information such as history or user annotation. The enabling technology is a wireless tag which acts as ... Keywords: augmented reality, human-machine communication, image stabilization, projector, radio frequency identification, stucture from motion

Ramesh Raskar; Paul Beardsley; Jeroen van Baar; Yao Wang; Paul Dietz; Johnny Lee; Darren Leigh; Thomas Willwacher

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

RFIG lamps: interacting with a self-describing world via photosensing wireless tags and projectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how to instrument the physical world so that objects become self-describing, communicating their identity, geometry, and other information such as history or user annotation. The enabling technology is a wireless tag which acts as ... Keywords: augmented reality, human-machine communication, image stabilization, projector, radio frequency identification, stucture from motion

Ramesh Raskar; Paul Beardsley; Jeroen van Baar; Yao Wang; Paul Dietz; Johnny Lee; Darren Leigh; Thomas Willwacher

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Constraint-Based Simulation of Biological Systems Described by Molecular Interaction Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method to simulate biochemical networks described by the graphical notation of Molecular Inter- action Maps within stochastic Concurrent Constraint Pro- gramming. Such maps are compact, as they represent im- plicitly a wide set of reactions, ...

Luca Bortolussi; Simone Fonda; Alberto Policriti

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Variograms of Radar Reflectivity to Describe the Spatial Continuity of Alpine Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors use variograms of radar reflectivity as a summary statistic to describe the spatial continuity of Alpine precipitation on mesogamma scales. First, how to obtain such variograms is discussed. Second, a set of typical variograms of ...

Urs Germann; Jürg Joss

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A String Function for Describing the Propagation of Baroclinic Anomalies in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors derive a string function that describes the propagation of large-scale, potentially large amplitude, baroclinic energy anomalies in a two-layer ocean with variable topography and rotation parameter. The generality of the two-layer ...

Robert H. Tyler; Rolf Käse

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In A Philippine Aborigine Legend Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In A Philippine Aborigine Legend Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The prehistoric eruptions of Mount Pinatubo have followed a cycle: centuries of repose terminated by a caldera-forming eruption with large pyroclastic flows; a post-eruption aftermath of rain-triggered lahars in surrounding drainages and dome-building that fills the caldera; and then another long quiescent period. During and after the eruptions lahars descending along volcano channels may block tributaries from watersheds

57

How to Fit simply Soil Mechanics Behaviour with Incremental Modelling and to Describe Drained Cyclic Behaviours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been proposed recently a new incremental modelling to describe the mechanics of soil. It is based on two parameters called the pseudo Young modulus E=1/Co and the pseudo Poisson coefficient n, which both evolve during compression. Evolution of n is known since it shall fit the Rowe's law of dilatancy, but Co has to be evaluated from experiment. In this paper we proposed a way to evaluate the Co variation from other mechanical modelling. The way cyclic behaviour of drained sample can be modelled is also described.

P. Evesque

2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

58

Exact solution describing a shallow water flow in an extending stripe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Partially invariant solution to (2+1)D shallow water equation is constructed and investigated. The solution describes an extension of a stripe, bounded by linear source and drain of fluid. Realizations of smooth flow and of hydraulic jump are possible. Particle trajectories and sonic characteristics on the obtained solution are calculated.

Sergey V. Golovin

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries performances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries (SOH) of cells. Index Terms--Lithium-ion batteries, Aging, EIS, State Of Charge, State Of Health, Fuzzy Logic System. I. INTRODUCTION Lithium ion secondary batteries are now being used in wide applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Energy Flux We discuss various ways of describing energy flux and related quantities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 6 Energy Flux We discuss various ways of describing energy flux and related quantities. 6.0.1 Energy Current Density The energy current density is given by the Poynting vector S = E Ã? H (6.1) where all quantities are real. The Poynting vector gives the instantaneous lo- cal energy current density

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

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61

High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you Response on your (home or work) computer to access the High Performance Computing Facilities (HPC) - (tick all High Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities? Response Percent Response Count Daily 26.7% 23 Weekly 27

Martin, Stephen John

62

Original article A mathematical model to describe the change in moisture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article A mathematical model to describe the change in moisture distribution in maize distribution were observed during the treatment and modelled through a phenomenological model based injection of saturated steam at a fixed pressure into a vessel containing starch at residual moisture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Query Processing for Probabilistic State Diagrams Describing Multiple Robot Navigation in an Indoor Environment  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the syntax and semantics of multi-level state diagrams to support probabilistic behavior of cooperating robots. The techniques are presented to analyze these diagrams by querying combined robots behaviors. It is shown how to use state abstraction and transition abstraction to create, verify and process large probabilistic state diagrams.

Czejdo, Bogdan [ORNL; Bhattacharya, Sambit [North Carolina Fayetteville State University; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

GovML: a markup language for describing public services and life events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Governmental Markup Language (GovML) has been proposed by the IST eGOV project to define structures (or vocabularies) for governmental data and metadata. In this paper, the GovML data vocabularies for describing public services and life events are ...

Gregory Kavadias; Efthimios Tambouris

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Information Retrieval manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) When Do People Use Query Suggestion? A Query Suggestion Log Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Authors ’ version. The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com.) Abstract Query suggestion, which enables the user to revise a query with a single click, has become one of the most fundamental features of Web search engines. However, it has not been clear what circumstances cause the user to turn to query suggestion. In order to investigate when and how the user uses query suggestion, we analyzed three kinds of data sets obtained from a major commercial Web search engine, comprising approximately 126 million unique queries, 876 million query suggestions and 306 million action patterns of users. Our analysis shows that query suggestions are often used (1) when the original query is a rare query; (2) when the original query is a single-term query; (3) when query suggestions are unambiguous; (4) when query suggestions are generalizations or error corrections of the original query; and (5) after the user has clicked on several URLs in the first search result page. Our results suggest that search engines should provide better assistance especially when rare or single-term queries are input, and that they should dynamically provide query suggestions according to the searcher’s current state.

Katsumi Tanaka; Tetsuya Sakai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Funding Acknowledgement: The work described in this report was funded by the Nat  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acknowledgement: The work described in this report was funded by the National Electricity Delivery Division Acknowledgement: The work described in this report was funded by the National Electricity Delivery Division of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. This document is a part of LBNL's Clean Energy Program Policy Brief series. These policy briefs highlight emerging program models, important issues that programs face, and how these issues are being addressed. To join the email list to receive briefs and papers from this series, please click here. Please direct questions or comments to Ian Hoffman (ihoffman@lbl.gov). April 16, 2013 LBNL-6167E

67

Kinetic equations for a density matrix describing nonlinear effects in spectral line wings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic quantum equations are derived for a density matrix with collision integrals describing nonlinear effects in spectra line wings. These equations take into account the earlier established inequality of the spectral densities of Einstein coefficients for absorption and stimulated radiation emission by a two-level quantum system in the far wing of a spectral line in the case of frequent collisions. The relationship of the absorption and stimulated emission probabilities with the characteristics of radiation and an elementary scattering event is found.

Parkhomenko, A. I., E-mail: par@iae.nsk.su; Shalagin, A. M., E-mail: shalagin@iae.nsk.su [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

New Type of Soliton Equation Described Some Statistical Distributions and Nonlinear Equations Unified Quantum Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We proposed a new type of soliton equation, whose solutions may describe some statistical distributions, for example, Cauchy distribution, normal distribution and student distribution, etc. The equation possesses two characters. Further, from an extension of this type of equation we may obtain the exponential distribution, and the Fermi-Dirac distribution in quantum statistics. Moreover, by using the method of the soliton-solution, the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation and nonlinear Dirac equations may derive Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions, respectively, and both distributions may be unified by the nonlinear equation.

Yi-Fang Chang

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

69

Experimental verification of a model describing the intensity distribution from a single mode optical fiber  

SciTech Connect

The intensity distribution of a transmission from a single mode optical fiber is often approximated using a Gaussian-shaped curve. While this approximation is useful for some applications such as fiber alignment, it does not accurately describe transmission behavior off the axis of propagation. In this paper, another model is presented, which describes the intensity distribution of the transmission from a single mode optical fiber. A simple experimental setup is used to verify the model's accuracy, and agreement between model and experiment is established both on and off the axis of propagation. Displacement sensor designs based on the extrinsic optical lever architecture are presented. The behavior of the transmission off the axis of propagation dictates the performance of sensor architectures where large lateral offsets (25-1500 {micro}m) exist between transmitting and receiving fibers. The practical implications of modeling accuracy over this lateral offset region are discussed as they relate to the development of high-performance intensity modulated optical displacement sensors. In particular, the sensitivity, linearity, resolution, and displacement range of a sensor are functions of the relative positioning of the sensor's transmitting and receiving fibers. Sensor architectures with high combinations of sensitivity and displacement range are discussed. It is concluded that the utility of the accurate model is in its predicative capability and that this research could lead to an improved methodology for high-performance sensor design.

Moro, Erik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Todd, Michael D [UCSD

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

70

Correlations describing the pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting carbon conversions of six Eastern oil shales  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A set of correlations has been developed to describe the pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting carbon conversion of six Eastern oil shales. Laboratory scale fluidized bed and thermogravimetric data were used to relate hydroretorting conditions and organic carbon conversions to oil, gas, and residue. Conversions have been found to depend on temperature, hydrogen pressure, and residence time over the ranges studied of 750 to 865 K, 0 to 7 MPa H{sub 2}, and 0 to 30 minutes, respectively. Gas yield increases with increasing temperature but is independent of changes in hydrogen pressure. Oil yield increases with increasing hydrogen pressure and has different relationships to temperature for the various shales. A single mechanism has been used to describe the carbon conversions of Alabama and Tennessee Chattanooga, Indiana and Kentucky, New Albany, Michigan Antrim, and Ohio Cleveland shales under PFH conditions. The mechanism includes the simultaneous conversion of carbon to gas, oil, and an active carbon species which can form oil or remain as residue carbon. Yields are predicted over the temperature, hydrogen pressure, and residence time ranges used to PFH processing.

Rue, D.M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

71

Correlations describing the pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting carbon conversions of six Eastern oil shales  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A set of correlations has been developed to describe the pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting carbon conversion of six Eastern oil shales. Laboratory scale fluidized bed and thermogravimetric data were used to relate hydroretorting conditions and organic carbon conversions to oil, gas, and residue. Conversions have been found to depend on temperature, hydrogen pressure, and residence time over the ranges studied of 750 to 865 K, 0 to 7 MPa H{sub 2}, and 0 to 30 minutes, respectively. Gas yield increases with increasing temperature but is independent of changes in hydrogen pressure. Oil yield increases with increasing hydrogen pressure and has different relationships to temperature for the various shales. A single mechanism has been used to describe the carbon conversions of Alabama and Tennessee Chattanooga, Indiana and Kentucky, New Albany, Michigan Antrim, and Ohio Cleveland shales under PFH conditions. The mechanism includes the simultaneous conversion of carbon to gas, oil, and an active carbon species which can form oil or remain as residue carbon. Yields are predicted over the temperature, hydrogen pressure, and residence time ranges used to PFH processing.

Rue, D.M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hearing the Highest Pitches Hearing the Highest Pitches Unveiling the Secrets of Nanoparticle Haloing A Fruit-Fly Protein that Captures Tumor Growth Factors A Protein that Repairs Damage to Cancer Cells An X-ray Vortex on the Horizon? Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure JULY 16, 2008 Bookmark and Share The overall structure of the PAC -PB1 N complex. The structure is colored according to secondary structure and elements are labeled. Helices are shown as cylinders and are red in the brain domain and blue in the mouth domain; strands are yellow and loops are green. The PB1 N peptide is

73

Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol  

SciTech Connect

A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations, and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that organics play in human health, biogeochemical cycles, and Earth's climate. However, such an understanding is hindered by the immense chemical complexity of environmental mixtures of organics; for example, atmospheric organic aerosol consists of at least thousands of individual compounds, all of which likely evolve chemically over their atmospheric lifetimes. Here we demonstrate the utility of describing organic aerosol (and other complex organic mixtures) in terms of average carbon oxidation state (OSC), a quantity that always increases with oxidation, and is readily measured using state-of-the-art analytical techniques. Field and laboratory measurements of OSC , using several such techniques, constrain the chemical properties of the organics and demonstrate that the formation and evolution of organic aerosol involves simultaneous changes to both carbon oxidation state and carbon number (nC).

Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Kroll, Jesse H.; Donahue, Neil M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Kessler, Sean H.; Canagaratna, Manjula R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Altieri, Katye E.; Mazzoleni, Lynn R.; Wozniak, Andrew S.; Bluhm, Hendrik; Mysak, Erin R.; Smith, Jared D.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

74

Cosmological model with viscosity media (dark fluid) described by an effective equation of state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generally parameterized equation of state (EOS) is investigated in the cosmological evolution with bulk viscosity media modelled as dark fluid, which can be regarded as a unification of dark energy and dark matter. Compared with the case of the perfect fluid, this EOS has possessed four additional parameters, which can be interpreted as the case of the non-perfect fluid with time-dependent viscosity or the model with variable cosmological constant. From this general EOS, a completely integrable dynamical equation to the scale factor is obtained with its solution explicitly given out. (i) In this parameterized model of cosmology, for a special choice of the parameters we can explain the late-time accelerating expansion universe in a new view. The early inflation, the median (relatively late time) deceleration, and the recently cosmic acceleration may be unified in a single equation. (ii) A generalized relation of the Hubble parameter scaling with the redshift is obtained for some cosmology interests. (iii) By using the SNe Ia data to fit the effective viscosity model we show that the case of matter described by $p=0$ plus with effective viscosity contributions can fit the observational gold data in an acceptable level

J. Ren; Xin He Meng

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chapter 2 Suggested Problems: Final Answer Key Atomic mass: mass of an individual atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 2 Suggested Problems: Final Answer Key 2.1 Atomic mass: mass of an individual atom Atomic;Chapter 3 Suggested Problems: Final Answer Key 3.1 Atomic Structure: relates the # of protons and neutrons of intercepts 2 2 1 Reduction not necessary Enclosure (221) #12;Chapter 12 Suggested Problems: Final Answer Key

Grunlan, Melissa A.

76

Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planktonic ecosystem dynamics in the buoyant Mississippi River plume were investigated using inverse analysis, a technique that incorporates data describing ecosystem processes and calculates rates of unknown trophic flows and sedimentation in the plume ecosystem. The waters receiving the Mississippi River were divided into four subregions connected by water flow to discretize the gradient of ecosystem properties as river water mixed with ocean water. Each subregion was represented by eight interconnected compartments that were linked to adjacent subregions by advective carbon flow. Models were produced for 4 seasons. Solutions for three seasons (spring, summer, and fall) showed a small region of net autotrophy associated with mid-salinity waters (15-29 psu), surrounded by a larger region of net heterotrophic waters where production did not meet respiratory carbon demand. In addition to moving more than 20% of total plume primary productivity out of the study region, westward water flow moved excess organic carbon from autotrophic regions to heterotrophic regions. In contrast, the winter result indicated a plume that was net-heterotrophic in all 4 subregions with high aerobic bacterial respiration and relatively low primary production that did not meet respiratory demand. Inputs of riverine DOC and carbon from resuspended sediments were required to make up the deficit. Sedimentation of organic carbon was linked to primary production in the mid-salinity regions of the plume, with strongest sedimentation from the productive mid-salinity regions during most of the year. Sedimentation was enhanced beneath less productive, higher salinity areas, due to inputs of organic carbon advected from mid-salinity regions. During winter organic carbon sedimentation was calculated to be zero. The models indicated that a dynamic relationship between primary production and sedimentation exists and provide a good starting point for future development of models which directly address the relationships between nutrient inputs, primary production, sedimentation, and hypoxia in the economically and environmental important regions of the Louisiana Shelf.

Breed, Greg Allen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Computer simulations suggest a new strategy to design enhanced enzymes for biofuels production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer simulations suggest a new strategy to design enhanced enzymes for biofuels production in the production of biofuels. Glycosylation is the covalent attachment of carbohydrate molecules to protein side to designing enhanced enzymes for biofuels production. More generally, this work suggests that tuning

78

EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes On cost recovery basis, the CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA agreements can be distinguished as follows: Participant covers any DOE Laboratory costs? NO = NPUA 1 , no cost recovery YES = Participant uses DOE Contractor personnel (other than incidental use)? NO = PUA 2 , full cost recovery YES = Participant "hires" DOE Contractor personnel (as opposed to joint research collaboration)? NO = CRADA 3 , full or partial cost recovery YES = WFO 4 , full cost recovery We suggest the following changes to the CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA agreements below. 5 1. Title.......................................................................................................................................................................................................2

79

EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes EXHIBIT A: CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA Comparison Table, with suggested changes On cost recovery basis, the CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA agreements can be distinguished as follows: Participant covers any DOE Laboratory costs? NO = NPUA 1 , no cost recovery YES = Participant uses DOE Contractor personnel (other than incidental use)? NO = PUA 2 , full cost recovery YES = Participant "hires" DOE Contractor personnel (as opposed to joint research collaboration)? NO = CRADA 3 , full or partial cost recovery YES = WFO 4 , full cost recovery We suggest the following changes to the CRADA, WFO, PUA and NPUA agreements below. 5 1. Title.......................................................................................................................................................................................................2

80

Suggest a New Project for the Developer Community | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Suggest a New Project for the Developer Community Suggest a New Project for the Developer Community Developer Data Web Services Source Code Challenges Semantic Web Blogs Let's Talk Developers You are here Data.gov » Communities » Developers » Forums Suggest a New Project for the Developer Community Submitted by Data.gov Administrator on Fri, 05/18/2012 - 2:28pm Log in to vote 4 Please use this forum topic to suggest new projects you think would be a great fit with Data.gov and the Developer Community! Add new comment Travel Data Permalink Submitted by Touristlink on Wed, 08/22/2012 - 11:19pm. Hi... is anyone using any of the data here for travel related projects? If so what are the best data sets. Does data.gov have a list of website that highlight some of the best practices in use? reply I have same idea with you,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder as described by motor vehicle accident victims in Jordan.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Aim: To explore the lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as described by individuals who have been involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA)… (more)

Al-Kofahy, Lilibeth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Suggested Format for Submitting Frequency Data Requests to the Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Suggested Format for Submitting Frequency Data Requests to the Department of Energy Suggested Format for Submitting Frequency Data Requests to the Department of Energy This document provides a suggested format for 1710 - 1755 MHz wireless industry licensees to submit their data requests to the Department of Energy (DOE). Wireless licensees may use alternate formats, but should ensure that they indicate which DOE frequency assignments are being addressed by identifying the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) Government Master File (GMS) Agency Serial Number. This is a unique identifier for each frequency assignment and will be in the format "DOE xxxxxx" where the "x's" will be numbers. XYZ Wireless Company requests the release of technical performance data related to the

83

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EVALUATION OF EMPLOYEE SUGGESTION/INVENTION,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50.2 50.2 (11-96) U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EVALUATION OF EMPLOYEE SUGGESTION/INVENTION, ADOPTION, AND APPROVAL OF AWARD EVALUATION OF IDEA (Use plain paper for continuation sheet if needed) REFERENCE DATA 1. Servicing Personnel Office: 2. Name of Evaluator: 3. Organization: (Include symbol) 4. Building/Room No.: Suggestion No: Date Received: Organization: Suggester or Inventor: (Complete Payroll Name) 5. Employee idea is applicable to this organization. Expected benefits are summarized as follows: SUMMARY OF EXPECTED BENEFITS (Attach justification or explanation. For tangible benefits, attach detailed computations to justify summary figures. For intangible benefits, explain value and scope of application. See DOE 3450.1A for definition of terms.) TANGIBLE (Estimated net monetary benefits for first full year of operation after implementation.)

84

This paper describes the energy consideration of fully wireless and mobile-wired sensor system and presented the prototype of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-minimization, ease of usage and ease of further development. Finally we have described the energy optimized clusterABSTRACT This paper describes the energy consideration of fully wireless and mobile-wired sensor will not deteriorate even a few sensors do not function. The typical example of a wireless sensor system is to have

Halgamuge, Malka N.

85

This paper describes the integrated modeling of a permanent magnet (PM) motor used in an electromechanical actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT This paper describes the integrated modeling of a permanent magnet (PM) motor used and Field Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor for High Performance EMA 2010-01-1742 Published 11 of a permanent magnet motor and describes both the control and thermal performance of the motor in following

Wu, Shin-Tson

86

What can internet search engines "suggest" about the usage and usability of popular desktop applications?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we show how Internet search query logs can yield rich, ecologically valid data sets describing the common tasks and issues that people encounter when using software on a day-to-day basis. These data sets can feed directly into standard ... Keywords: internet search, query log analysis

Adam Fourney; Richard Mann; Michael Terry

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Short Communication Mitochondrial and nuclear markers suggest Hanuman langur (Primates: Colobinae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short Communication Mitochondrial and nuclear markers suggest Hanuman langur (Primates: Colobinae of mitochondrial cytochrome b as well as nuclear protamine P1 genes from these species. The results confirm Hanuman langur polyphyly in the mitochondrial tree and the nuclear markers sug- gest that the Hanuman langurs

Karanth, K Praveen

88

More than suggestion: The effect of interviewing techniques from the McMartin Preschool case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Child interviewing techniques derived from transcripts of the McMartin Preschool case were found to be substantially more effective than simple suggestive questions at inducing preschool children to make false allegations against a classroom visitor. Thirty-six children interviewed with McMartin techniques made 58 % accusations, compared with 17% for 30 children interviewed with suggestive questions. Social influence and reinforcement appeared to be more powerful determinants of children's answers than simple suggestive questions. The SIRR model is proposed to explain how false statements may be elicited from children or adults. Categories identified in the SIRR model are suggestive questions, social influence, reinforcement, and removal from direct experience. During the 1980s a series of highly publicized "daycare ritual abuse cases " erupted in communities across the United States and Europe (Kelley, 1996; Nathan & Snedeker, 1995). The cases typically involved allegations by preschool children that they had been terrorized and sexually abused by day-care workers in bizarre scenarios with Satanic or ritualistic overtones. Some scholars continue to take the view that these cases were genuine and involved actual ritual abuse (Faller, 1996; Summit, 1994). However, skepticism has become widespread among research psychologists (Bottoms & Davis, 1997; Bottoms, Shaver, & Goodman, 1996; Ceci & Bruck, 1995). An extensive body of research, arising in the wake of the day-care cases of the 1980s, has identified a variety of interviewing techniques that can induce children to make

Sena Garven; James M. Wood; Roy S. Malpass; John S. Shaw

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Faculty Handbook Please send any revisions, suggestions, and/or modifications to provoff@fiu.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012-2013 Faculty Handbook Please send any revisions, suggestions, and/or modifications to provoff@fiu.edu Updated 6-7-12 #12;Faculty Handbook 2012-2013 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY VISION......................................................................17 #12;Faculty Handbook 2012-2013 iii Academic Freedom & Responsibility

Sadjadi, S. Masoud

90

Quantum Computing and Lie Theory Feynman's suggestion that the only effective way to model quantum phe-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Computing and Lie Theory Feynman's suggestion that the only effective way to model quantum phe- nomena on a computer would be to build a computer that made use of quantum mechanics was one of the cornerstones of the birth of quantum com- puting. In his later years he studied both classical and quantum

D'Agnolo, Andrea

91

Petrographic observations suggestive of microbial mats from Rampur Shale and Bijaigarh Shale,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petrographic observations suggestive of microbial mats from Rampur Shale and Bijaigarh Shale observations of two Vindhyan black shales (Rampur Shale of the Semri Group and Bijaigarh Shale of the Kaimur an attempt has been made to highlight possible microbial mat features from two black shale horizons (Rampur

Schieber, Juergen

92

Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed generating resources. Also provided is an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed of cogeneration and distributed generation in the Northwest. Cogeneration and distributed generation infrastructure requirements. In contrast, cogeneration and distributed generation are sited with respect to some

93

Nonholonomic constrains: why does not the least action principle leads to equations describing the motion consistent with the physical behaviour?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The least action principle seems not to lead to equations describing the motion consistent with the physical behavior for nonholonomic constrains. Here an answer to this question in proposed.

Umberto Lucia

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

Computational Investigations of Trichoderma Reesei Cel7A Suggest New Routes for Enzyme Activity Improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Trichoderma reesei Family 7 cellulase (Cel7A) is a key industrial enzyme in the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass. It is a multi-modular enzyme with a Family 1 carbohydrate-binding module, a flexible O-glycosylated linker, and a large catalytic domain. We have used simulation to elucidate new functions for the 3 sub-domains, which suggests new routes to increase the activity of this central enzyme. These findings include new roles for glycosylation, which we have shown can be used to tune the binding affinity. We have also examined the structures of the catalytically-active complex of Cel7A and its non-processive counterpart, Cel7B, engaged on cellulose, which suggests allosteric mechanisms involved in chain binding when these cellulases are complexed on cellulose. Our computational results also suggest that product inhibition varies significantly between Cel7A and Cel7B, and we offer a molecular-level explanation for this observation. Finally, we discuss simulations of the absolute and relative binding free energy of cellulose ligands and various mutations along the CD tunnel, which will affect processivity and the ability of Cel7A (and related enzymes) to digest cellulose. These results highlight new considerations in protein engineering for processive and non-processive cellulases for production of lignocellulosic biofuels.

Beckham, G. T.; Payne, C. M.; Bu, L.; Taylor, C. B.; McCabe, C.; Chu, J. W.; Himmel, M. E.; Crowley, M. F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Aging Management of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures - Overview and Suggested Research Topics  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power plant concrete structures are described and their operating experience noted. Primary considerations related to management of their aging are noted and an indication of their status provided: degradation mechanisms, damage models, and material performance; assessment and remediation (i.e., component selection, in-service inspection, nondestructive examinations, and remedial actions); and estimation of performance at present or some future point in time (i.e., application of structural reliability theory to the design and optimization of in-service inspection/maintenance strategies, and determination of the effects of degradation on plant risk). Several activities are identified that provide background information and data on areas of concern with respect to nondestructive examination of nuclear power plant concrete structures: inspection of thick-walled, heavily-reinforced sections, basemats, and inaccessible areas of the containment metallic pressure boundary. Topics are noted where additional research would be of benefit to aging management of nuclear power plant concrete structures.

Naus, Dan J [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

There was no single characteristic fish assemblage that could be described for the oil platforms and natural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.) fish assemblages residing on oil/gas production platforms and natural outcrops, and (2) describe platforms and natural outcrops of central and southern California. However, we identified a number partitioning in species composition, where northerly platforms show the influence of the Oregonian province

Love, Milton

97

Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on weak-coupling anisotropic BCS theory, the temperature dependence of energy gap and the specific heat are evaluated for the MgB2 superconductor, and the results are compared with experimental data. We show that the weak-coupling anisotropic BCS theory describes thermodynamic experimental data with high precision, 3-6%.

Mishonov, TM; Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Wei, HD.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Original article: Analytical solution of gaseous slip flow between two parallel plates described by the Oseen equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is focused on the derivation of analytical solution describing the development of gas pressure driven microflow in a gap between two parallel plates. The gas flow is assumed to be steady, laminar and incompressible. For the mathematical description ... Keywords: Analytical solution, Oseen equation, Pressure driven microflow, Slip flow regime, Velocity profile development

Jan Vimmr; Hynek KlášTerka; Marek Hajman

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

STATUS OF SCOPING PLAN RECOMMENDED MEASURES The estimated 2020 greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions for measures described in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the projection is based on future demand for electricity and transportation fuels described in the California and 4.0 as Advanced Clean Cars. The California Energy Commission (CEC) 2009 Integrated Energy Policy inventories. http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/ccms/ccms.htm Advanced Clean Cars In the Scoping Plan this measure

100

x1 WINDOWS INTRODUCTION * 1. Introduction. This file describes the major windows of the program (the on*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

x1 WINDOWS INTRODUCTION * * 1 1. Introduction. This file describes the major windows of the program (the on* *es that the use perceives as such), namely the main window (of which there is just one) and the diagram a* *nd picture windows

van Leeuwen, Marc

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

SolarAnywhere forecast (Perez & Hoff) This chapter describes, and presents an evaluation of, the forecast models imbedded in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SolarAnywhere forecast (Perez & Hoff) ABSTRACT This chapter describes, and presents an evaluation of, the forecast models imbedded in the SolarAnywhere platform. The models include satellite derived cloud motion based forecasts for the short to medium horizon (1 5 hours) and forecasts derived from NOAA

Perez, Richard R.

102

Winds of M- and S-type AGB stars: an unorthodox suggestion for the driving mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current knowledge suggests that the dust-driven wind scenario provides a realistic framework for understanding mass loss from C-rich AGB stars. For M-type objects, however, recent detailed models demonstrate that radiation pressure on silicate grains is not sufficient to drive the observed winds, contrary to previous expectations. In this paper, we suggest an alternative mechanism for the mass-loss of M-type AGB stars, involving the formation of both carbon and silicate grains due to non-equilibrium effects, and we study the viability of this scenario. We model the dynamical atmospheres and winds of AGB stars by solving the coupled system of frequency-dependent radiation hydrodynamics and time-dependent dust formation, using a parameterized description of non-equilibrium effects in the gas phase. This approach allows us to assess under which circumstances it is possible to drive winds with small amounts of carbon dust and to get silicate grains forming in these outflows at the same time. The properties of the resulting wind models, such as mass loss rates and outflow velocities, are well within the observed limits for M-type AGB stars. Furthermore, according to our results, it is quite unlikely that significant amounts of silicate grains will condense in a wind driven by a force totally unrelated to dust formation, as the conditions in the upper atmosphere and wind acceleration region put strong constraints on grain growth. The proposed scenario provides a natural explanation for the observed similarities in wind properties of M-type and C-type AGB stars and implies a smooth transition for stars with increasing carbon abundance, from solar-composition to C-rich AGB stars, possibly solving the long-standing problem of the driving mechanism for stars with C/O close to one.

S. Hoefner; A. C. Andersen

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

103

An Architectural Framework for Describing Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems,” (Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington

Michael P. Ward; Cynthia E. Irvine; Deborah S. Shifflett; Daniel F. Warren; Author(s Ward; Michael P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Specifications to Improve Power Quality Immunity in Electronic Systems for Industrial Applications: Suggestions for Higher Quality a nd Lower Cost Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of the work described in this report is to provide suggestions for a specification language that will allow end-users to integrate successfully electronic industrial equipment with the existing electrical systems. Cost effective solutions to improve system reliability and performance are specifically addressed. The intention is to eliminate disruptions induced by power quality-related problems and incompatibilities between process equipment and the electrical environment. Most of these technique...

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

105

GUIDELINES No recommendations possible based on Level I or II evidence SUGGESTIONS FOR CLINICAL CARE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Suggestions are based on Level III and IV sources) Supplements of water soluble vitamins are indicated in dialysis patients who are not receiving nutritional supplements. Supplements of vitamins A, B12 and E are not indicated, since the dietary intake of these vitamins meets recommended daily intakes (RDIs) in children on dialysis. Background There are no data available on the optimum intake of vitamins and micronutrients in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). There remains controversy as to whether children with CKD or ESKD should receive routine supplementations of vitamins and micronutrients. The objectives of this guideline are to review the available evidence for the benefits and adverse effects of supplementation of vitamins and micronutrients in children with CKD or ESKD. Search strategy Databases searched: Medline (1996 to November Week 2 2003) and Embase (1980 to November 2003). MeSH terms for kidney disease were combined with MeSH terms and text words for micronutrients. The Cochrane Renal Group Specialised Register of randomised controlled trials was also searched for relevant trials not indexed in Medline.

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Suggestions for benchmark scenarios for MSSM Higgs Boson searches at hadron colliders.  

SciTech Connect

The Higgs boson search has shifted from LEP2 to the Tevatron and will subsequently move to the LHC. Due to the different initial states, the Higgs production and decay channels relevant for Higgs boson searches were different at LEP2 to what they are at hadron colliders. They suggest new benchmark scenarios for the MSSM Higgs boson search at hadron colliders that exemplify the phenomenology of different parts of the MSSM parameter space. Besides the m{sub h}{sup max} scenario and the no-mixing scenario used in the LEP2 Higgs boson searches, they propose two new scenarios. In one the main production channel at the LHC, gg {yields} h, is suppressed. In the other, important Higgs decay channels at the Tevatron and at the LCH, h {yields} b{bar b} and h {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}, are suppressed. All scenarios evade the LEP2 constraints for nearly the whole M{sub A}-tan {beta}-plane.

Carena, M.; Heinemeyer, S.; Wagner, C.E.M.; Weiglein, G.

2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Collision frequencies in density-matrix kinetic equations describing nonlinear effects in the wings of spectral lines  

SciTech Connect

Using the eikonal approximation, we have calculated effective collision frequencies in density-matrix kinetic equations describing nonlinear effects in the wings of spectral lines. We have established the relation between the probabilities of absorption and stimulated emission and the characteristics of the radiation and elementary scattering event. The example of the power interaction potential shows that quantum mechanical calculation of the collision frequencies in the eikonal approximation and previously known spectral line wing theory give similar results for the probability of radiation absorption.

Parkhomenko, A I; Shalagin, Anatolii M [Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Nucleon-Nucleon Spin Dependent Scattering Amplitudes to Describe Final State Interactions in Electromagnetic and Electroweak Nuclear Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are currently no models readily available that provide nucleon-nucleon spin dependent scattering amplitudes at high energies ($s \\geq 6$ GeV$^2$). This work aims to provide a model for calculating these high-energy scattering amplitudes. The foundation of the model is Regge theory since it allows for a relativistic description and full spin dependence. A parameterization of the amplitudes is presented, and comparisons of the solution to the assembled data set are shown. In addition, an application of the model to describe final state interactions in deuteron electrodisintegration is presented. Overall the model works as intended, and provides an adequate description of the nucleon-nucleon interaction at these energies.

William P. Ford

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Technical Basis Guide Describing How to Perform Safety Margin Configuration Risk Management  

SciTech Connect

The INL has carried out a demonstration of the RISMC approach for the purpose of configuration risk management. We have shown how improved accuracy and realism can be achieved by simulating changes in risk – as a function of different configurations – in order to determine safety margins as the plant is modified. We described the various technical issues that play a role in these configuration-based calculations with the intent that future applications can take advantage of the analysis benefits while avoiding some of the technical pitfalls that are found for these types of calculations. Specific recommendations have been provided on a variety of topics aimed at improving the safety margin analysis and strengthening the technical basis behind the analysis process.

Curtis Smith; James Knudsen; Bentley Harwood

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

ON THE INADEQUACY OF N-POINT CORRELATION FUNCTIONS TO DESCRIBE NONLINEAR COSMOLOGICAL FIELDS: EXPLICIT EXAMPLES AND CONNECTION TO SIMULATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by recent results on lognormal statistics showing that the moment hierarchy of a lognormal variable completely fails at capturing its information content in the large variance regime, in this work we discuss the inadequacy of the hierarchy of correlation functions to describe a correlated lognormal field, which provides a roughly accurate description of the nonlinear cosmological matter density field. We present families of fields having the same hierarchy of correlation functions than the lognormal field at all orders. This explicitly demonstrates the little studied though known fact that the correlation function hierarchy never provides a complete description of a lognormal field, and that it fails to capture information in the nonlinear regime, where other simple observables are left totally unconstrained. We discuss why perturbative, Edgeworth-like approaches to statistics in the nonlinear regime, common in cosmology, can never reproduce or predict that effect, and why it is, however, generic for tailed fields, hinting at a breakdown of the perturbation theory based on the field fluctuations. We make a rough but successful quantitative connection to N-body simulations results that showed that the spectrum of the log-density field carries more information than the spectrum of the field entering the nonlinear regime.

Carron, Julien [Institute for Astronomy, ETHZ, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Neyrinck, Mark C., E-mail: jcarron@phys.ethz.ch [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Microsoft Word - g413.3-2Final6-27-08.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 413.3-2 6-27-08 QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDE FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT [This Guide describes suggested non-mandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-2 i (and ii) 6-27-08 PREFACE This Department of Energy (DOE) Guide is for use by DOE elements. This Guide provides acceptable approaches for implementing the Quality Assurance requirements and criteria required by DOE O 413.3A, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, related to the development and implementation of a Quality Assurance

112

Microsoft Word - g413.3-9Final9-23-08.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Management Management DOE G 413.3-9 9-23-08 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROJECT REVIEW GUIDE FOR CAPITAL ASSET PROJECTS [This Guide describes suggested non-mandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-9 i (and ii) 9-23-08 FOREWORD This Department of Energy Guide is for use by all DOE elements. This Guide provides acceptable approaches for implementing the project reviews requirements and criteria required by DOE O 413.3A, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of

113

Microsoft Word - g413.3-11Final8-5-08.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering and Construction Management Engineering and Construction Management DOE G 413.3-11 8-5-08 PROJECT MANAGEMENT LESSONS LEARNED (This Guide describes suggested non-mandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice or Manual) U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-11 i (and ii) 8-5-08 FOREWORD This Department of Energy (DOE) Guide is for use by all DOE elements. Specifically, this Guide is written to aid the federal project directors and their integrated project team members during the execution of projects. Beneficial comments (recommendations, additions, and deletions) and any pertinent data that

114

Development of a model and computer code to describe solar grade silicon production processes. Fifth quarterly report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This program aims at developing mathematical models, and computer codes based on these models, which will allow prediction of the product distribution in chemical reactors in which gaseous silicon compounds are converted to condensed-phase silicon. The reactors to be modeled are flow reactors in which silane or one of the halogenated silanes is thermally decomposed or reacted with an alkali metal, H/sub 2/ or H atoms. Because the product of interest is particulate silicon, processes which must be modeled, in addition to mixing and reaction of gas-phase reactants, include the nucleation and growth of condensed Si via coagulation, condensation, and heterogeneous reaction. During this report period computer codes were developed and used to calculate: (1) coefficients for Si vapor and Si particles describing transport due to concentration and temperature gradients (i.e., Fick and Soret diffusion, respectively), and (2) estimates of thermochemical properties of Si n-mers. The former are needed to allow the mass flux of Si to reactor walls to be calculated. Because of the extremely large temperature gradients that exist in some of the reactors to be used in producing Si (particularly the Westinghouse reactor), it was found that thermal (Soret) diffusion can be the dominant transport mechanism for certain sizes of Si particles. The thermochemical estimates are required to allow computation of the formation rate of Si droplets. With the completion of these calculations the information and coding of the particle routines in the modified LAPP code is at the point where debugging can be done and that is now in progress.

Srivastava, R.; Gould, R.K.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

382 V. Dykin et al. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 53 (2013) 381400 describing the dynamical behavior of the system i.e. the thermal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equations (PDEs) (Bell and Glasstone, 1970; Todreas and Kazimi, 1990), which fully describe the reactor

Demazière, Christophe

116

Contextual Suggestion 1 Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... again a partial address found after crawling the UR ... Here we crawl the URJ, of the concerned ... timing information extraction step on the crawled pages ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

117

Your Improvement Suggestions Requested  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Once you have joined, click on the Subgroup tab and chose Improvement Day 2010. By E-mail. If you can't create a LinkedIn ...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

A Suggested Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... system may be found in Appendix C of New Energy Technologies for Building ... specific energy ... is any added risk to safety which the new technology ...

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

119

Interaction between the Geobotanic State and Climate: A Suggested Approach and a Test with a Zonal Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is suggested for introducing long-term interaction between the geobotanic state and climate (a biogeophysical feedback mechanism) into climate models. It is based upon making the geobotanic state, characterized by the snow-free surface ...

George Gutman; George Ohring; Joachim H. Joseph

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

NREL Discovers Novel Protein Interaction in Green Algae that Suggests New Strategies to Improve Hydrogen Photoproduction (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A research team at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered a specific interaction between the protein ferredoxin - responsible for distributing reductants from photosynthesis to different metabolic pathways - and the HYDA2 hydrogenase, suggesting a role for HYDA2 in photohydrogen production.

Not Available

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Three Theorems on modular sieves that suggest the Prime Difference is O(Number of primes n)^1/2))  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This 1964 paper developed as an off-shoot to the foundational query: Do we discover the natural numbers (Platonically), or do we construct them linguistically? The paper also assumes computational significance in the light of Agrawal, Kayal and Saxena's August 2000 paper, "PRIMES is in P", since both the TRIM and Compact Number Generating algorithms - each of which generates all the primes - are deterministic algorithms that run in polynomial time and suggest that the Prime Difference, d(n), is O(Number of primes n)^1/2)).

Bhupinder Singh Anand

2005-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

122

Workshop Report on Atomic Bomb Dosimetry--Residual Radiation Exposure: Recent Research and Suggestions for Future Studies  

SciTech Connect

There is a need for accurate dosimetry for studies of health effects in the Japanese atomic bomb survivors because of the important role that these studies play in worldwide radiation protection standards. International experts have developed dosimetry systems, such as the Dosimetry System 2002 (DS02), which assess the initial radiation exposure to gamma rays and neutrons but only briefly consider the possibility of some minimal contribution to the total body dose by residual radiation exposure. In recognition of the need for an up-to-date review of the topic of residual radiation exposure in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, recently reported studies were reviewed at a technical session at the 57th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society in Sacramento, California, 22-26 July 2012. A one-day workshop was also held to provide time for detailed discussion of these newer studies and to evaluate their potential use in clarifying the residual radiation exposures to the atomic-bomb survivors at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Suggestions for possible future studies are also included in this workshop report.

none,

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

123

Shewanella knowledgebase: integration of the experimental data and computational predictions suggests a biological role for transcription of intergenic regions  

SciTech Connect

Shewanellae are facultative gamma-proteobacteria whose remarkable respiratory versatility has resulted in interest in their utility for bioremediation of heavy metals and radionuclides and for energy generation in microbial fuel cells. Extensive experimental efforts over the last several years and the availability of 21 sequenced Shewanella genomes made it possible to collect and integrate a wealth of information on the genus into one public resource providing new avenues for making biological discoveries and for developing a system level understanding of the cellular processes. The Shewanella knowledgebase was established in 2005 to provide a framework for integrated genome-based studies on Shewanella ecophysiology. The present version of the knowledgebase provides access to a diverse set of experimental and genomic data along with tools for curation of genome annotations and visualization and integration of genomic data with experimental data. As a demonstration of the utility of this resource, we examined a single microarray data set from Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 for new insights into regulatory processes. The integrated analysis of the data predicted a new type of bacterial transcriptional regulation involving co-transcription of the intergenic region with the downstream gene and suggested a biological role for co-transcription that likely prevents the binding of a regulator of the upstream gene to the regulator binding site located in the intergenic region. Database URL: http://shewanella-knowledgebase.org:8080/Shewanella/ or http://spruce.ornl.gov:8080/Shewanella/

Karpinets, Tatiana V [ORNL; Romine, Margaret [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Schmoyer, Denise D [ORNL; Kora, Guruprasad H [ORNL; Syed, Mustafa H [ORNL; Leuze, Michael Rex [ORNL; Serres, Margrethe H. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Woods Hole, MA; Park, Byung [ORNL; Uberbacher, Edward C [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Time-Frequency Analysis of GALLEX and GNO Solar Neutrino Data: Evidence Suggestive of Asymmetric and Variable Nuclear Burning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-frequency analysis of data from the GALLEX and GNO solar neutrino experiments shows that some features in power-spectrum analyses of those datasets are due to aliasing. We normalize data for each of the four experiments in the GALLEX series, concatenate the resulting normalized data, and then form time-frequency displays. We also form time-frequency displays of the two principal modulations found in the data, at 11.87 yr-1 and at 13.63 yr-1, and of the datasets formed by subtracting these modulations from the actual (normalized) data. The results suggest that the true modulation is that at 11.87 yr-1, consistent with the results of our earlier analysis of Homestake solar neutrino data. Comparison with helioseismology data indicates that modulation is occurring either in the radiative zone just below the tachocline, presumably by the RSFP (resonant spin-flavor precession) process, or in the core, presumably due to inhomogeneities and fluctuations in the nuclear-burning process.

P. A. Sturrock

2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

125

TASSEL 3.0 Self-Describing Plugins: Guide to creating Tassel Pipeline Plugins Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL 3.0 Self-Describing Plugins: Guide to creating Tassel Pipeline Plugins Terry CasstevensPlugin signifies the end ./run_gbs_pipeline.pl -fork1 -QseqToTBTPlugin -o Test.txt -endPlugin -runfork1 #12;

Buckler, Edward S.

126

Extension of the GroIMP modelling platform to allow easy specification of differential equations describing biological processes within plant models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In simulation models of plant development, physiological processes taking place in plants are typically described in terms of ODEs (Ordinary Differential Equations). On the one hand, those processes drive the development of the plant structure and on ... Keywords: Differential equation, Graph grammar, GroIMP, L-system, ODE, XL

Reinhard Hemmerling; Jochem B. Evers; KataríNa Smole?Ová; Gerhard Buck-Sorlin; Winfried Kurth

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described earlier in an e-mail, in an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described billion gallons of toxic coal sludge located directly above Marsh Fork Elementary School. (No word yet on their campus a couple of years ago. Underground Appalachian coal mining is being replaced in recent years

Hansen, James E.

128

Abstract We describe in this article a framework for disaster response process management. This framework can be used to develop information systems sup-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

57 Abstract We describe in this article a framework for disaster response process management disaster response process management with business process management and argue why it is substantial, such as flexible workflow systems, are not suitable for disaster response processes. We propose an information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Intelligent Vision Conference, Santa Clara CA, June 28-29, 1999 This paper describes three silicon retina chips which are each  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continuously on a 9V battery), have on-chip bias generators, and are all fabricated as MOSIS8 TinyChips (2.2mm, the system costs would be around a dol- lar. THE CHIP ARCHITECTURES I start by describing the architectures

Delbruck, Tobi

130

A thermokinetic model describing the vaporization behavior of U[sub x]Zr[sub 1-x]C[sub 1-y] in hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion of U[sub x]Zr[sub 1-x]C[sub 1-y] in hydrogen gas. It describes how corrosion rates are influenced by variables such as pressure, temperature, and gas flow rate. A model is developed which agrees with experimental steady-state corrosion rates at 1 atm between 2670 and 3100 K. It is shown that under steady-state conditions the corrosion flux is rate limited by the vapor phase transport of Zr(g) away from the solid surface to the bulk gas stream where the partial pressure of Zr(g) is determined by the congruently vaporizing surface composition. Extrapolation of the model to higher pressures indicates that Zr(g) transport should also be rate limiting at higher pressures but the corrosion rate should decrease slightly with increased hydrogen pressure due to reduced gaseous diffusion rates. The model predicts that the corrosion rate will increase as the square root of gas velocity for a given temperature and pressure. Calculations demonstrating the effects of gas velocity are in agreement with experimental studies.

Butt, D.P.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A thermokinetic model describing the vaporization behavior of U{sub x}Zr{sub 1-x}C{sub 1-y} in hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion of U{sub x}Zr{sub 1-x}C{sub 1-y} in hydrogen gas. It describes how corrosion rates are influenced by variables such as pressure, temperature, and gas flow rate. A model is developed which agrees with experimental steady-state corrosion rates at 1 atm between 2670 and 3100 K. It is shown that under steady-state conditions the corrosion flux is rate limited by the vapor phase transport of Zr(g) away from the solid surface to the bulk gas stream where the partial pressure of Zr(g) is determined by the congruently vaporizing surface composition. Extrapolation of the model to higher pressures indicates that Zr(g) transport should also be rate limiting at higher pressures but the corrosion rate should decrease slightly with increased hydrogen pressure due to reduced gaseous diffusion rates. The model predicts that the corrosion rate will increase as the square root of gas velocity for a given temperature and pressure. Calculations demonstrating the effects of gas velocity are in agreement with experimental studies.

Butt, D.P

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Submit Your Criteria Revision Suggestions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Enter your comments directly into the Criteria text (posted online as a Google Doc): Send an e-mail to iday@nist.gov to let us know you'd like to ...

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

133

This puzzle contains 29 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe sugars and their polymers. Circle the terms in the matrix below that are CAPITALIZED in the following paragraph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHO Puzzle This puzzle contains 29 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe sugars and their polymers. Circle the terms in the matrix below that are CAPITALIZED in the following paragraph describing

Jackson, Scott A.

134

The Weekend Effect: the scienceThe Weekend Effect: the science suggests that we are embarking onsuggests that we are embarking on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilizing all of the known techniques for NOx reduction. To be precise, the NOx formed within the flame] and several others [6, 7] have suggested certain reduction methods which are consistent with NOx formation, not solid waste. The results of NOx reduction techniques in coal combustion should be applied with caution

Denver, University of

135

Everyday serendipity as described in social media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serendipity has received much attention from library and information science, psychology, and computer science. Yet not much is known about serendipity in the context of everyday information behavior. In general, a key challenge in the study of serendipity ... Keywords: everyday information behavior, research methods, serendipity, social media

Victoria L. Rubin; Jacquelyn Burkell; Anabel Quan-Haase

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A review of nuclear data needs and their status for fusion reactor technology with some suggestions on a strategy to satisfy the requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review was performed on the needs and status of nuclear data for fusion-reactor technology. Generally, the status of nuclear data for fusion has been improved during the past two decades due to the dedicated effort of the nuclear data developers. However, there are still deficiencies in the nuclear data base, particularly in the areas of activation and neutron scattering cross sections. Activation cross sections were found to be unsatisfactory in 83 of the 153 reactions reviewed. The scattering cross sections for fluorine and boron will need to be improved at energies above 1 MeV. Suggestions concerning a strategy to address the specific fusion nuclear data needs for dosimetry and activation are also provided.

Smith, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Cheng, E.T. (TSI Research, Inc., Solana Beach, CA (United States))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Analyses of loss-of-function mutations of the MITF gene suggest that haploinsufficiency is a cause of Waardenburg syndrome type 2A  

SciTech Connect

Waardenburg syndrome type 2 (WS2) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by a pigmentation anomaly and hearing impairment due to lack of melanocyte. Previous work has linked a subset of families with WS2 (WS2A) to the MITF gene that encodes a transcription factor with a basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper (bHLH-Zip) motif and that is involved in melanocyte differentiation. Several splice-site and missense mutations have been reported in individuals affected with WS2A. In this report, we have identified two novel point mutations in the MITF gene in affected individuals from two different families with WS2A. The two mutations (C760{r_arrow}T and C895{r_arrow}T) create stop codons in exons 7 and 8, respectively. Corresponding mutant alleles predict the truncated proteins lacking HLH-Zip or Zip structure. To understand how these mutations cause WS2 in heterozygotes, we generated mutant MITF cDNAs and used them for DNA-binding and luciferase reporter assays. The mutated MITF proteins lose the DNA-binding activity and fail to transactivate the promoter of tyrosinase, a melanocyte-specific enzyme. However, these mutated proteins do not appear to interfere with the activity of wild-type MITF protein in these assays, indicating that they do not show a dominant-negative effect. These findings suggest that the phenotypes of the two families with WS2A in the present study are caused by loss-of-function mutations in one of the two alleles of the MITF gene, resulting in haploinsufficiency of the MITF protein, the protein necessary for normal development of melanocytes. 37 refs., 4 figs.

Nobukuni, Yoshitaka; Watanabe, A.; Takeda, Kazushisa; Skarka, Hana; Tachibana, Masayoshi [National Inst. of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Suggested Talking Points for Hydrogen Road Tour  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen can be part of a balanced energy portfolio. Hydrogen can be part of a balanced energy portfolio. * Energy is one of the greatest challenges we face as a nation. We rely too heavily on imported oil, particularly for transportation, and we must have cost-competitive, clean, low-carbon options for our power generation and transportation sectors. * Hydrogen is one part of a balanced, strategic portfolio of energy alternatives that includes solar, wind, hydropower, and geothermal energy, as well as biofuels, plug-in hybrid vehicles and advanced technologies to increase fuel economies of today's vehicles. * Hydrogen can be produced from abundant and diverse domestic resources including fossil, nuclear, and renewable energy. This diversity of supply means we do not need to rely on any single source for our energy needs. Hydrogen can be used in a fuel cell or an

139

Suggesting friends using the implicit social graph  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although users of online communication tools rarely categorize their contacts into groups such as "family", "co-workers", or "jogging buddies", they nonetheless implicitly cluster contacts, by virtue of their interactions with them, forming implicit ... Keywords: contact group clustering, implicit social graph, tie strength

Maayan Roth; Assaf Ben-David; David Deutscher; Guy Flysher; Ilan Horn; Ari Leichtberg; Naty Leiser; Yossi Matias; Ron Merom

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Suggestions for the Road to Copenhagen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clause transforms an esoteric international obligation –because it replaces a fairly esoteric obligation, reductionbecause it replaces an esoteric obligation with a familiar

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Protein Structure Suggests Role as Molecular Adapter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Berkeley, recently determined the structure of the ATPase region of DnaC, a bacterial helicase loader. The structure revealed that DnaC is a close cousin of DnaA, the protein...

142

Models of Eel Cells Suggest Electrifying Possibilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Applying modern engineering design tools to one of the basic units of ... Artificial versions of the eel's electricity generating cells could be developed ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

143

Suggestions for Radiometric Calibration Coefficient Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The great emphasis that studies of global change have placed on accurate absolute radiometric calibration of satellite sensors has led to the development of many new onboard and vicarious calibration techniques. With the launch in 1998 of the ...

Philip N. Slater; Stuart F. Biggar

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Suggestions for the Road to Copenhagen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will ?nd its way to green investment. History shows thatmight crowd out investment in green technologies. Those

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

suggestion revision for org chart layout  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OF HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT Kenneth Venuto (HC-1.2) PERFORMANCE AND BUDGET STAFF Tony Nguyen (HC-1.5) ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT STAFF Theresa Heinicke (HC-33) HQ EMPLOYEE LABOR...

147

Research Directed at Developing a Classical Theory to Describe Isotope Separation of Polyatomic Molecules Illuminated by Intense Infrared Radiation. Final Report for period May 7, 1979 to September 30, 1979; Extension December 31, 1997  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

This final report describes research on the theory of isotope separation produced by the illumination of polyatomic molecules by intense infrared laser radiation. This process is investigated by treating the molecule, sulfur hexafluoride, as a system of seven classical particles that obey the Newtonian equations of motion. A minicomputer is used to integrate these differential equations. The particles are acted on by interatomic forces, and by the time-dependent electric field of the laser. We have a very satisfactory expression for the interaction of the laser and the molecule which is compatible with infrared absorption and spectroscopic data. The interatomic potential is capable of improvement, and progress on this problem is still being made. We have made several computer runs of the dynamical behavior of the molecule using a reasonably good model for the interatomic force law. For the laser parameters chosen, we find that typically the molecule passes quickly through the resonance region into the quasi-continuum and even well into the real continuum before dissociation actually occurs. When viewed on a display terminal, the motions are exceedingly complex. As an aid to the visualization of the process, we have made a number of 16 mm movies depicting a three-dimensional representation of the motion of the seven particles. These show even more clearly the enormous complexity of the motions, and make clear the desirability of finding ways of characterizing the motion in simple ways without giving all of the numerical detail. One of the ways to do this is to introduce statistical parameters such as a temperature associated with the distribution of kinetic energies of the single particle. We have made such an analysis of our data runs, and have found favorable indications that such methods will prove useful in keeping track of the dynamical histories.

Lamb, W. E. Jr.

1981-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

148

Contacting the Authors: David McCollum (dlmccollum@ucdavis.edu), Dr. Christopher Yang (ccyang@ucdavis.edu) Scientific studies suggest that annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions must be cut 50 to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@ucdavis.edu) · Scientific studies suggest that annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions must be cut 50 to 80% worldwide by 2050 Source: "Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the U.S. Transportation Sector" (EPA, 2006) and author's calculations Options for Reducing Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emissions: · Domestic includes only those

California at Davis, University of

149

How to Describe Photons as (3+1)-Solitons?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present the pure field part of the newly developed nonlinear {\\it Extended Electrodynamics} [1]-[3] in non-relativistic terms, i.e. in terms of the electric and magnetic vector fields (${\\mathbf E},{\\mathbf B}$), and to give explicitly those (3+1)-soliton solutions of the new equations which have the integral properties of photons. The set of solutions to the new equations contains all solutions to Maxwell's equations as a subclass, as well as, new solutions, called nonlinear. The important characteristics {\\it scale factor}, {\\it amplitude function}, and {\\it phase function} of a nonlinear solution are defined in a coordinate free way and effectively used. The nonlinear solutions are identified through the non-zero values of two appropriately defined vector fields $\\vec{\\cal F}$ and $\\vec{\\cal M}$, as well as, through the finite values of the corresponding scale factors. The intrinsic angular momentum (spin) is also defined. A limited superposition principle (interference of nonlinear solutions), yielding the well known classical {\\it coherence} conditions, is found to exist.

S. Donev; D. Trifonov

1998-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

How to Describe Photons as (3+1)-Solitons?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present the pure field part of the newly developed nonlinear Extended Electrodynamics [1]-[3] in non-relativistic terms, i.e. in terms of the electric and magnetic vector fields (E,B), and to give explicitly those strictly localized (3+1)-soliton solutions of the new equations which have the integral properties of photons. The set of solutions to the new equations contains all solutions to Maxwell's equations as a subclass. The new solutions, called nonlinear, are identified through the non-zero values of two appropriately defined vector fields $\\vec{\\cal F}$ and $\\vec{\\cal M}$. The important characteristics scale factor, amplitude function, and phase function of a nonlinear solution are defined in a coordinate free way and effectively used. The intrinsic angular momentum (spin) is also defined. A limited superposition principle (interference of nonlinear solutions), yielding the well known classical coherence conditions, is found to exist.

Donev, S

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . . . . . . . . . 3-18 3.5.8 Propane Provider Fleet Vehicle Acquisition and Conversion Costs, 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19 4.1.1 Flow Chart of...

152

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Egypt, Finland, W. Germany, Iran, US Israel, Netherlands,Hong Kong none none India Iran 4,242 min 4,886 max Irelandcapita (continued) Smoke Iran, Islamic Rep. Iran, Islamic

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

C Although one may expect that electric utilities would use electric vehicles in order to promote their energy source as a transportation fuel, ...

154

This article describes how the Research Library at the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2 (April 1996): 161- 193. 11. Eileen G. Abels, Peter Liebscher, and Daniel W. Denman, “Factors that Influence the use ...

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

155

nium and hydroxide ions. We describe the solvent coordinate that  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

examined, such as ion coordination number and the presence of specific hydro- gen bonds, fail to account. Phys. Lett. 288, 343 (1999). 5. R. Car, M. Parrinello, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2471 (1985). 6. C. Dellago, unpublished data]. The cluster geometry for these calculations was taken from a wire of hydro- gen

Leigh, David A.

156

Complex muscle architecture described with diffusion weighted MRI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complex array of fiber orientations exhibited by muscles such as the tongue, esophagus, and heart, enable function beyond basic pulling. Among other things, the presence of crossing geometry adds the ability to push ...

Gaige, Terry A. (Terry Alden), 1981-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Funding Acknowledgement: The work described in this report was...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the future of pending applications for siting and construction of liquid natural gas (LNG) terminals that would increase gas exports is uncertain. As of February 2012, there...

158

Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to describe the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... vials are cleaned by immersing in ethanol with agitation ... is at the discretion of the calibration staff. ... facility of the National Physical Laboratory of the ...

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

159

Describe your location by landmark or area of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& High School "Science Bowl" competitions Supercomputing Challenge Frontiers in Science Public Lecture education programs that include, but are not limited to: Northern New Mexico Math & Science Academy Middle, master teachers' support, and workforce training. We support more than 25 regional K-20 math and science

Kurien, Susan

160

Finding, Weighting and Describing Venues: CSIRO at the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Two submissions were baselines that investigate the performance of a commercial system (namely the Google Places API), and whether the ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 15 August, 2013 - 10:09 OpenEI PMU recovery act SGIG Smart Grid The U.S. Department of...

162

METHODOLOGY The vibration is described in a piecewise fashion as  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as nuclear (steam generator tubes, reactor rods) petroleum (drillstrings, piping systems) biomedical, "Repetitive Impact Between Orthogonal Beams, Part I: Theory." ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics (submitted

Ervin, Elizabeth K.

163

Researchers Describe Project to Merge Cloud Computing and Supercomputi...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DD project was to demonstrate a proof-of-concept capability for this novel high-performance computing (HPC) environment. The "traditional" cloud design approach often starts with...

164

Hamiltonian Dynamics for an alternative action describing Maxwell's equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a complete Dirac's canonical analysis for an alternative action that yields Maxwell's four-dimensional equations of motion. We study in detail the full symmetries of the action by following all steps of Dirac's method in order to obtain a detailed description of symmetries. Our results indicate that such an action does not have the same symmetries than Maxwell theory, namely, the model is not a gauge theory and the number of physical degrees of freedom are different.

Alberto Escalante; Omar Rodríguez Tzompantzi

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

165

Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Fleets of Alternative Fuel Providers 422 284 78 41 18 1 All Fuels Gasoline Diesel Propane CNG Other Fuel 0 100 200 300 400 500 Thousand Vehicles Sources: Energy Information...

166

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 15 Australia, Belgium,United Kingdom United States Venezuela 8,152 max 11,240 minGDP per capita (continued) Smoke Venezuela, RB Venezuela, RB

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Italy 4 Chile, India, Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 151.889 10,566 min 11,323 max Poland Portugal Spain ThailandNew Zealand New Zealand Poland Poland Poland GDP per cap.

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

DOE G 413.3-7A, Risk Management Guide  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides non-mandatory risk management approaches for implementing the requirements of DOE O 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the ...

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

169

Nonylphenol-mediated CYP induction is PXR-dependent: The use of humanized mice and human hepatocytes suggests that hPXR is less sensitive than mouse PXR to nonylphenol treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonylphenol (NP), a by-product of alkylphenol ethoxylates, is a pervasive surfactant that activates the xenosensing nuclear receptor, the pregnane X-receptor (PXR) in transactivation assays in vitro. We are interested in determining if NP activates PXR in vivo, determining if hPXR and mPXR act similarly, and investigating the role of PXR in protecting individuals from NP. Wild-type (WT), PXR-null, and humanized PXR (hPXR) mice were treated with NP at 0, 50 or 75 mg/kg/day for one week, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) induction, liver histopathology, and serum NP concentrations were examined. WT mice treated with NP showed induction of Cyp2b, and male-specific induction of Cyp2c and Cyp3a. CYPs were not induced in PXR-null mice, demonstrating that PXR is necessary for NP-mediated CYP induction. CAR-mediated CYP induction was not observed in the PXR-null mice despite previous data demonstrating that NP is also a CAR activator. hPXR mice only showed moderate Cyp induction, suggesting that hPXR is not as sensitive to NP as mPXR in vivo. NP-mediated Cyp3a induction from three human hepatocyte donors was not significant, confirming that hPXR is not very sensitive to NP-mediated CYP induction. Lastly, mice with PXR (mPXR and hPXR) showed lower NP serum concentrations than PXR-null mice treated with NP suggesting that PXR plays a role in decreasing liver toxicity by basally regulating phase I-III detoxification enzymes that promote the metabolism and elimination of NP. In summary, PXR is required for NP-mediated CYP-induction, mPXR mediates greater CYP induction than hPXR in vivo, and the presence of PXR, especially mPXR, is associated with altered histopathology and increased clearance of NP.

Mota, Linda C. [Clemson University, Environmental Toxicology, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Barfield, Christina [Clemson University, Biological Sciences, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Hernandez, Juan P. [University of Texas at El Paso, Biological Sciences, El Paso, TX 79968 (United States); Baldwin, William S., E-mail: baldwin@clemson.edu [Clemson University, Environmental Toxicology, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Clemson University, Biological Sciences, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Council on Women and Girls Suggested Report Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council on Women and Girls Council on Women and Girls Page 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S COUNCIL ON WOMEN AND GIRLS 6/30/2010 ANNUAL REPORT: PROGRAMS AND INITIATIVES AT THE DOE "The Department of Energy can lead the federal government in enhancing the competitiveness of women-owned businesses and in increasing the presence of women in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." - Dr. Kristina M. Johnson, U.S. Under Secretary of Energy U.S. Department of Energy's Council on Women and Girls Page 2 Agency Overview A. Executive Summary: The Department of Energy's overall mission is to advance the national,

171

Suggested Equivalencies for General Technical Base Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Base Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience The following information was distributed by Thomas W. Evans (HR 1.5) in a memorandum dated December 12, 1995. The memorandum is on file in DOE-ID Training and if needed can be referenced as "DOE Memorandum, Course Catalog and Competency to Course Matching", dated December 12, 1995. DOE Technical Qualification Program Standards specify competencies that technical DOE employees must possess to accomplish their assigned tasks and activities. These competencies can be gained in a number of ways including through training, education, or prior military or job experience. This material contains lists of the military or job experience and the competencies that were gained as a result of that

172

NREL: News - NREL Study Suggests Cost Gap for Western Renewables...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

then value to customers becomes a matter of finding the right mix. "Renewable energy development, to date, has mostly been in response to state mandates," Hurlbut said....

173

A New Look on the Electromagnetic Duality. Suggestions and Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new look on the electro-magnetic duality is presented and appropriately exploited. The duality analysis in the nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations is shown to lead to the idea the mathematical model field to be a differential form valued in the 2-dimensional vector space ${\\cal R}^2$. A full ${\\cal R}^2$ covariance is achieved through introducing explicitly the canonical complex structure ${\\cal I}$ of ${\\cal R}^2$ in the nonrelativistic equations. The connection of the relativistic Hodge * with ${\\cal I}$ is shown and a complete coordinate free relativistic form of the equations and the conservative quantities is obtained. The duality symmetry is interpreted as invariance of the conservative quantities and conservation equations.

Donev, S

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

A New Look on the Electromagnetic Duality. Suggestions and Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new look on the electro-magnetic duality is presented and appropriately exploited. The duality analysis in the nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations is shown to lead to the idea the mathematical model field to be a differential form valued in the 2-dimensional vector space ${\\cal R}^2$. A full ${\\cal R}^2$ covariance is achieved through introducing explicitly the canonical complex structure ${\\cal I}$ of ${\\cal R}^2$ in the nonrelativistic equations. The connection of the relativistic Hodge * with ${\\cal I}$ is shown and a complete coordinate free relativistic form of the equations and the conservative quantities is obtained. The duality symmetry is interpreted as invariance of the conservative quantities and conservation equations.

Stoil Donev

2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

175

BNL | TCP News | Studies Suggest New Targets for Tuberculosis ...  

The research is published in two papers in the March 2006 ... scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborating ...

176

September 2012 Suggested resources for your BRIEFING NOTE ASSIGNMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://library.queensu.ca/research/databases/record/2888 Full-text of the publications of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD://library.queensu.ca/research/databases/record/2810 Index and full-text of major Canadian daily newspapers. Public Administration Graduate Student subscribes are: OECD iLibrary http://library.queensu.ca/research/databases/record/2888 Full-text

Abolmaesumi, Purang

177

Examination of the ?–? Relation Suggested for Drop Size Distribution Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raindrop size distributions are often assumed to follow a three-parameter gamma distribution. Since rain intensity retrieval from radar observations is an underdetermined problem, there is great interest in finding physical correlations between ...

Dmitri N. Moisseev; V. Chandrasekar

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Membrane proteomics of phagosomes suggests a connection to autophagy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+ VIN Starvation  + INH Macrophage TCL Starvation  + 3MAFig.  6B Macrophage TCL Starvation  + 3MA Starvation  + VINLC3, JAK1, TLR7 and TLR9. TCL+ = total cell lysate obtained

Shui, Wenqing

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Suggested drilling research tasks for the Federal Government  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A brief summary discussion of drilling, drilling research and the role of the government in drilling research is presented. Specific research and development areas recommended for federal consideration are listed. The technical nature of the identified tasks is emphasized. The Appendices present the factual basis for the discussion and recommendations. Numerous references are noted in the Appendices.

Carson, C.C.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Suggested integrated optical implementation of pipelined polynomial processors  

SciTech Connect

Optical systolic pipeline processors for polynomial evaluation can be built using horner's rule. With integrated optics techniques, it will be possible to fabricate large order pipelines operating at very high speeds. 10 references.

Verber, C.M.; Kenan, R.P.; Caulfield, H.J.; Ludman, J.E.; Stilwell, P.D., Jr.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Needs and Wants-Suggestions for High Voltage and High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... generation capacity installed or in backlog, • Generated more than one billion kilowatt hours of ultra-clean power. Page 3. ...

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

Suggested Treatment of CHP Within an EERS Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable monitoring and measurement of the energy savings resulting from the installation of combined heat and power (CHP) systems and power recovered from waste energy (recycled energy) projects is becoming increasingly important. As a growing number of states and now the federal government look to mandatory energy efficiency portfolio programs such as an Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS), CHP and waste heat recovery stands to play a substantial role as an efficiency resource. Estimating the energy savings resulting from the installation of a CHP system is critical to understanding and crediting the savings from CHP and recycled energy in a fair and uniform way. This paper proposes an approach to estimate CHP system savings, accounting for the wide variety of CHP systems available on the market today. It offers a specific methodology to meet state- and federal-level regulatory requirements emanating from an EERS. A full explanation of the proposed approach is provided.

Chittum, A.; Elliott, R. N.; Trombley, D.; Watson, S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Residential electricity demand: a suggested appliance stock equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author develops a simple appliance stock equation for estimating seasonal patterns of power demand elasticity. The equation relates an index of appliances (estimates of typical use) to marginal price per kWh, to income, to average price of alternative fuels, to climate (cooling degree days and heating degree days), to age of the household head, to family size, and to race. Price elasticity is -0.785 for the winter and 0.493 for the summer, with all estimates significant to 0.001. The appliance stock coefficient is 0.801 for the winter and 0.971 for the summer. The equation may be useful in studies that do not require elaborate disaggregation of appliance stock. 7 references, 2 tables.

Garbacz, C.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Suggests lattice ZipData No Repository CRAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Description A collection of artificial and real-world machine learning benchmark problems, including, e.g., several data sets from the UCI repository.

Friedrich Leisch; Evgenia Dimitriadou; Maintainer Friedrich Leisch

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Changes to Processes and Architectures; Suggested, Implemented and Analyzed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that was actually being followed. The standard reference process model is the waterfall process (Royce 1970), where- sources, less dependence of interviewer Paper I, III, IV and V Standard- ized open- ended in- terview with help from checklists found in (Scriven 1991) and (Ares 2000). Architecture assessments were to some

186

Dear Mr. President: Suggestions to President Barack Obama from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... need to use alternative energy sources, such as solar or wind power, with a synergistic reduction in fossil fuel dependency and reduction of carbon footprint.

187

NIST Tests in New York City Suggest How to Improve ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... only one of four systems tested communicated successfully ... NIST's initial RF-PASS test methods into ... will be implemented by testing laboratories as ...

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

188

Suggested IMI Focus Area A Mature Industry's Demographics:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Existing plants should be able to reduce energy costs by 10 ... should see a 25% to 30% energy reduction. ... at are less than 25% of the average times. ...

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

189

Suggested Standard Forms for Certain Real Hadamard Matrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Any Hadamard matrix constructed by methods of R. E. A. C. Paley can be converted easily by one or two elementary matrix operations to a form sharing at least four desirable properties with standard forms of Walsh matrices: symmetry, zero trace, normal ... Keywords: standard forms, Hadamard matrices, Hadamard equivalence classes, Paley matrices

K. W. Henderson

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Praise and suggestions for fusion research from a utility industry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Select and View High Resolution Images to Download Learn More Engineering Fusion energy Fusion reactor design Inertial confinement fusion Nuclear energy Plasma physics Tokamaks...

191

Topoisomerase II Structure Suggests Novel DNA Cleavage Mechanism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DNA cleavage chemistry used to resolve these altered DNA structures can also operate as a weak link that can be exploited to kill cells-in a good way. A variety of small molecules...

192

BNL | TCP News | Studies Suggest New Targets for Tuberculosis ...  

Located on Long Island, NY, Brookhaven operates large-scale facilities for studies in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, applied science, and ...

193

November 21, 2001, DNFSB letter enclosing suggestions on the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the nuclear materials stabilization programs provided by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) and National Nuclear Security Administration...

194

A Suggestion for Establishing Energy Management Policy in Primary ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... even in countries with significant fossil fuel resources. Decisions related to energy consumption in any industry will have a long-term effect on different parts of ...

195

Photovoltaic power systems and the National Electrical Code: Suggested practices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This guide provides information on how the National Electrical Code (NEC) applies to photovoltaic systems. The guide is not intended to supplant or replace the NEC; it paraphrases the NEC where it pertains to photovoltaic systems and should be used with the full text of the NEC. Users of this guide should be thoroughly familiar with the NEC and know the engineering principles and hazards associated with electrical and photovoltaic power systems. The information in this guide is the best available at the time of publication and is believed to be technically accurate; it will be updated frequently. Application of this information and results obtained are the responsibility of the user.

Wiles, J. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Attachment F: Summary Checklist of Model AIP Provisions and Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

F: Summary Checklist of Model AIP Provisions and Program F: Summary Checklist of Model AIP Provisions and Program Policies Attachment F: Summary Checklist of Model AIP Provisions and Program Policies Summary Checklist of Model AIP Provisions and Program Policies In response to concerns expressed by DOE and State AIP program representatives, the Office of Environmental Activities has developed a list of mandatory and non-mandatory model language provisions for new and renegotiated AIPs. The underlying concepts for the mandatory provisions are set forth in Attachment A. Other program policies are set forth in a question and answer format in Attachment B. The texts of the optional provisions and mandatory provisions that may be applicable are provided in Attachments C and D respectively. Suggested language related to emergency

197

Technical Standards, DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2006 - August 16,2006 |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16,2006 DOE-HDBK-11392-2006: Chemical Management (Volume 2 of 3) This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor managers in assessing...

198

Technical Standards, DOE-HDBK-1139/1-2006 - June 15,2006 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15,2006 DOE-HDBK-11391-2006: Chemical Management (Volume 1 of 3) This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor managers in assessing...

199

DOE-HDBK-1139-2006 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-2006 DOE-HDBK-1139-2006 June 15, 2006 Chemical Management This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor managers in assessing...

200

This fact sheet describes the environmental cleanup activities the U.S. Departme  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

environmental cleanup activities the U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office is environmental cleanup activities the U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office is conducting at the Monticello Mill Tailings Site in Monticello, Utah. These activities are being performed in accordance with Federal and State environmental laws. Background The original Monticello mill was built in 1942 to provide an additional supply of vanadium during World War II. Vanadium, an element used to strengthen steel, and uranium were milled intermittently until 1960. Mill tailings are sand-like material that remains after uranium has been extracted from the ore. Tailings contain naturally occurring materials that radioactively decay to radium and produce radon, a radioactive gas. If inhaled over a long period of time, particularly in enclosed areas,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

This fact sheet describes wetlands in and around Monticello, Utah, and what the  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

wetlands in and around Monticello, Utah, and what the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is wetlands in and around Monticello, Utah, and what the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is doing to restore wetlands that are adversely affected by Monticello cleanup project activities. The purpose of the Monticello cleanup projects is to minimize risks to the public and the environment from exposure to uranium mill tailings and radon gas. The cleanup is being performed in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), also known as Superfund. Wetlands Background A wetland is an area along a waterway, body of water, spring, or seep where soils are saturated by surface water or ground water often enough to support vegetation that has adapted to such conditions. While some wetlands are extensive, a wetland also can be an

202

This fact sheet describes the repository design activities the U.S. Department o  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

repository design activities the U.S. Department of Energy is conducting at the Monticello repository design activities the U.S. Department of Energy is conducting at the Monticello Mill Tailings Site in Monticello, Utah. These activities are being performed in accordance with Federal and State environ- mental laws. Background The purpose of the Monticello cleanup projects is to minimize the risks to the public and the environment from exposure to mill tailings and the radon gas they produce. The Monticello Mill Tailings Site cleanup remedy was se- lected in the Record of Decision in August 1990 and recon- firmed in December 1994. It includes permanent disposal of mill tailings and contaminated materials in a repository to be constructed on U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)- owned land south of the millsite in Monticello, Utah. The repository will hold approximately 2.6 to 3.0 million cubic

203

Can a Nanoflare Model of EUV Irradiances Describe the Heating of the Solar Corona?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoflares, the basic unit of impulsive energy release may produce much of the solar background emission. Extrapolation of the energy frequency distribution of observed microflares, which follows a power law to lower energies can give an estimation of the importance of nanoflares for heating the solar corona. If the power law index is greater than 2, then the nanoflare contribution is dominant. We model time series of extreme ultraviolet emission radiance, as random flares with a power law exponent of the flare event distribution. The model is based on three key parameters, the flare rate, the flare duration and the power law exponent of the flare intensity frequency distribution. We use this model to simulate emission line radiance detected in 171 \\AA, observed by STEREO/EUVI and SDO/AIA. The Observed light curves are matched with simulated light curves using an Artificial Neural Network and parameter values are determined across regions of active region, quiet sun, and coronal hole. The damping rate of nano...

Tajfirouze, E; 10.1088/0004-637X/744/2/113

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A dimensionless number describing the effects of recharge and geometry on discharge from simple karstic aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jeppson,2 Monica Wolfson-Schwehr,3 Yoshinori Sanada,4 Saneatsu Saito,4 Yukari Kido,4 Takehiro Hirose,4 Jan

Saar, Martin O.

205

Finite volume discretization of equations describing nonlinear diffusion in Li-Ion batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical modeling of electrochemical process in Li-Ion battery is an emerging topic of great practical interest. In this work we present a Finite Volume discretization of electrochemical diffusive processes occurring during the operation of Li-Ion batteries. ...

P. Popov; Y. Vutov; S. Margenov; O. Iliev

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

To advance understanding of the Earth system, describe the consequences of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change Science Institute Project Portfolio January 2012 #12;This page left intentionally blank. #12;Table, and evaluate and inform policy on the outcomes of climate change responses. -CCSI Mission Statement Climate website: ccsi.ornl.gov. The funding for our projects has been approximately $100 million annually for both

207

A framework for defining and describing key design features of virtual citizen science projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual citizen science (VCS) uses computer-mediated interaction (usually a Web-based platform) to enable the public to work with professional scientists conducting research. However, there is currently a lack of research about the core features of VCS ... Keywords: Zooniverse, functionality, taxonomy, usability, virtual citizen science

Jason Reed; Whitney Rodriguez; Angelique Rickhoff

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Mathematical model parameters for describing the particle size spectra of knife-milled corn stover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle size distributions of Corn stover (Zea mays L.) created by a knife mill were determined using integral classifying screens with sizes from 12.7 to 50.8 mm, operating at speeds from 250 to 500 rpm, and mass input rates ranging from 1 to 9 kg min_1. Particle distributions were classified using American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) standardised sieves for forage analysis that incorporated a horizontal sieving motion. The sieves were made from machined-aluminium with their thickness proportional to the sieve opening dimensions. A wide range of analytical descriptors that could be used to mathematically represent the range of particle sizes in the distributions were examined. The correlation coefficients between geometric mean length and screen size, feed rate, and speed were 0.980, 0.612, and _0.027, respectively. Screen size and feed rate directly influenced particle size, whereas operating speed had a weak indirect relation with particle size. The Rosin Rammler equation fitted the chopped corn stover size distribution data with coefficient of determination (R2) > 0.978. This indicated that particle size distribution of corn stover was well-fit by the Rosin Rammler function. This can be attributed to the fact that Rosin Rammler expression was well suited to the skewed distribution of particle sizes. Skewed distributions occurred when significant quantities of particles, either finer or coarser, existed or were removed from region of the predominant size. The mass relative span was slightly greater than 1, which indicated that it was a borderline narrow to wide distribution of particle sizes. The uniformity coefficient was corn stover produced fine-skewed mesokurtic particles with 12.7 50.8 mm screens. Size-related parameters, namely, geometric mean length, Rosin Rammler size parameter, median length, effective length, and size guide number, were well predicted at R2 values of 0.981, 0.982, 0.979, 0.950 and 0.978, respectively as a function of knife mill screen size, feed rate, and speed. Results of this analysis of particle sizes could be applied to the selection of knife mill operating parameters to produce a particular size of corn stover chop, and could serve as a guide for the relationships among various analytic descriptors of biomass particle distributions.

Bitra, V.S.P [University of Tennessee; Womac, A.R. [University of Tennessee; Yang, Y.T. [University of Tennessee; Miu, P.I. [University of Tennessee; Igathanathane, C. [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Purpose of the IIT Graduate Bulletin This bulletin describes the academic programs and re-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................................... 22 3.1.6. Milestones....................................................................................... 35 3.2.6. Milestones....................................................................................... 45 3.3.6. Milestones

Saniie, Jafar

210

Mark Kubiske (USFS, center) describes gas exchange data to George Hendrey (BNL, left) and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contributed information on users for the review. Biomass Harvest ­ 2002 Our second biomass harvest is being crew, headed by Wendy Jones (MTU), for a great job! Boom Lift We recently purchased a self

211

Computer programs for describing the dynamic behavior of EBR-II  

SciTech Connect

Kinetic studies are performed at EBR-II to ensure that the dynamic characteristics of the reactor indicate integrity of the system and surrounding environment. These studies are done by analysis of power perturbations caused by a drop rod and a rod oscillator. The power perturbation following a rod drop is first analyzed by inverse-kinetics procedures to obtain a time-dependent reactivity. This reactivity is further fitted to a feedback transfer fanction characteristic of linear differential equations. The power perturbation caused by the oscillator is Fourier-analyzed to obtain a series of Fourier coefficients representing the reactor transfer function directly. The feedback transfer function is then obtained from this and the zero-power transfer function. 11 references. (auth)

Larson, H.A.; Engen, I.A.; Tuck, M.R.; Hyndman, R.W.

1973-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Letter Report Describing the Analyses and Reports that were Forecast to be Completed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for both sugar and fiber, and algae for oil or other intermediate products. The objective of this report oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) and arboreal Leucaenas found on Oahu, Maui, Hawai`i and Moloka is an increasingly important component of biofuel production since many of the feedstocks must be hydrotreated

213

Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for measuring ecosystem carbon oxidation state and oxidativemean oxidation number of carbon (MOC) - A useful concept forJ.F. & Barsanti, K.C. The Carbon Number-Polarity Grid: A

Kroll, Jesse H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Proposed Universal Relationships Describing Electron Phonon Mediated Superconductivity and Accommodation of the Cuprates and Pnictides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal and self-consistent set of equations is developed utilizing the principle empirical parameters of Superconductivity which are the coherent condensation temperature, the Debye temperature, the coherent condensation energy gap at critical temperature equals zero degrees Kelvin and the electron phonon coupling constant. Empirical data from both crystalline elements and amorphous compounds is shown to produce the same self consistent relationships which are critical temperature equals Debye energy/2 exp(-2/electron phonon coupling constant), coherent condensation temperature equals the Debye energy exp (-2/electron phonon coupling constant) and the ratio of coherent condensation temperature/critical temperature equals 2.0 i.e. coherent condensation temperature equals coherent energy gap and is found to be constant for all superconductors. We also find that electron phonon coupling constant is related exponentially related to the zero point energy where the zero point energy equals the Debye energy/2 and is the zero point energy of a quantum mechanical oscillator. These relationships are derived exclusively from electron phonon mediated superconductor data and are also shown to encompass cuprate superconductors with ease. [Abridged

D. A. Nepela

2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

215

Alfven waves in dusty plasmas with plasma particles described by anisotropic kappa distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We utilize a kinetic description to study the dispersion relation of Alfven waves propagating parallelly to the ambient magnetic field in a dusty plasma, taking into account the fluctuation of the charge of the dust particles, which is due to inelastic collisions with electrons and ions. We consider a plasma in which the velocity distribution functions of the plasma particles are modelled as anisotropic kappa distributions, study the dispersion relation for several combinations of the parameters {kappa}{sub Parallel-To} and {kappa}{sub Up-Tack }, and emphasize the effect of the anisotropy of the distributions on the mode coupling which occurs in a dusty plasma, between waves in the branch of circularly polarized waves and waves in the whistler branch.

Galvao, R. A.; Ziebell, L. F. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, CEP: 91501-970, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil); Gaelzer, R. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354-Campus UFPel, CEP: 96010-900 Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil); Juli, M. C. de [Centro de Radio-Astronomia e Astrofisica Mackenzie-CRAAM, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Rua da Consolacao 896, CEP: 01302-907 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Bulk Electricity Generating Technologies This appendix describes the technical characteristics and cost and performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

foundations complete Start of boiler steel erection to commercial operation Time to complete (single unit factor of 1.10. May 2005 I-10 #12;petrochemical industry for processing of coal and petroleum residues the North American power generation industry. This is attributable to the availability of low- cost natural

217

New approach for describing transient pressure response generated by horizontal wells of arbitrary geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is aimed at developing a methodology for studying the transient pressure behavior of horizontal wells with any curvilinear trajectory in an isotropic/anisotropic arbitrarily shaped reservoir. This methodology employs generalized functions ... Keywords: curved/twisted trajectory, diffusivity equation, finite elements method, generalized functions, horizontal well, mathematical modeling, sources, transient pressure

Reinaldo J. González-Requena; Juan M. Guevara-Jordan

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Why does set theory necessary to describe charge structure of particles ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is pointed out that the set theory gave the exact symmetry while the group theory did not. The triplicity of quarks and leptons is also pointed out. The reason of seven families of particles and in each family eight number of particles is elaborated.

Amjad Hussain Shah Gilani

2005-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

Trajectories for Saharan Dust Transported to Barbados Using Stokes's Law to Describe Gravitational Settling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric chemistry programs often make use of retrospective back trajectories to determine the source regions of substances sampled at a particular site. Isentropic trajectories, which depict motion on hypothetical surfaces of constant ...

W. G. Ellis Jr.; J. T. Merrill

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

BMC Health Services Research Research article Describing the impact of health research: a Research Impact Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Shyama Kuruvilla; Nicholas Mays; Andrew Pleasant; Gill Walt; Biomed Central; Andrew Pleasant; Gill Walt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Metric concepts and implications in describing compositional changes for world river's water chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is designed to give the reader an outline that is useful for understanding the importance of distance, as a metric concept, and its implications when compositional (geochemical) data are managed from a statistical point of view in a given sample ... Keywords: Compositions, Distance, River geochemistry, Simplex space

A. Buccianti; R. Magli

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Is U3Ni3Sn4 best described as near a quantum critical point?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-76SF00098. Work at the University of Kentucky was supported

Booth, C.H.; Shlyk, L.; Nenkov, K.; Huber, J.G.; De Long, L.E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sun, Y. et al. Size-resolved aerosol chemistry on Whistlerwith a high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer duringBasis Set: 1. Organic-Aerosol Mixing Thermodynamics. Atmos.

Kroll, Jesse H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that they play in human health, biogeochemical cycles and the Earth's climate. ...

Kroll, Jesse

225

Removal Action Plan for the Accelerated Retrieval Project for a Described Area within Pit 4  

SciTech Connect

This Removal Action Plan documents the plan for implementation of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compenstion, and Liability Act non-time-critical removal action to be performed by the Accelerated Retrieval Project. The focus of the action is the limited excavation and retrieval of selected waste streams from a designated portion of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex Subsurface Disposal Area that are contaminated with volatile organic compounds, isotopes of uranium, or transuranic radionuclides. The selected retrieval area is approximately 0.2 ha (1/2 acre) and is located in the eastern portion of Pit 4. The proposed project is referred to as the Accelerated Retrieval Project. This Removal Action Plan details the major work elements, operations approach, and schedule, and summarizes the environmental, safety and health, and waste management considerations associated with the project.

A. M. Tyson

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Notice of Privacy Practices THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extent of the law. In addition to various laws governing your privacy, we have our own privacy policies medical treatment you have received and about payment for health care you have received. It is our policy, counterintelligence, and other national security activities. 5. Individual Rights Access. You have the right

Salama, Khaled

227

ABSTRACTSOFCURRENTLITERATURE The following Technical Reports cover work done under the DARPA research described on page 136.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-413 Bechtold JE, Kubic V, Søballe K (2002). Bone ingrowth in the presence of particulate polyethylene. J Bone

228

Generating Resources1 Generating resources available for future development in the Pacific Northwest are described in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economías de aprendizaje Hidoreléctricas ( a partir del año 2005) 1% Biomasa y Biogas ( a partir del año

229

Fact sheet produced by the U.S. Department of Energy describing hydrogen safety.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage Developing safe, reliable, compact, and cost-effective hydrogen stor- age technologies is one of the most technically challenging barriers to the widespread use of hydrogen as a form of energy. To be competitive with conventional vehicles, hydrogen- powered cars must be able to travel more than 300 mi between fills. This is a challenging goal because hydrogen has physical characteristics that make it difficult to store in large quantities without taking up a significant amount of space. Where and How Will Hydrogen be Stored? Hydrogen storage will be required onboard vehicles and at hydrogen production sites, hydrogen refueling sta- tions, and stationary power sites. Possible approaches to storing hydrogen include: * Physical storage of compressed

230

Lab scientists shed light on heavy electrons, suggest new view of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists shed light on heavyd electrons Scientists shed light on heavyd electrons Lab scientists shed light on heavy electrons Their findings hold the potential to provide new insight into superconductivity that could dramatically change the efficiency, for example, of power generation and storage. July 31, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

231

Magnetization rotation or generation of incoherent spin waves? Suggestions for a spin-transfer effect experiment.  

SciTech Connect

''Spin-transfer'' torque is created when electric current is passed through metallic ferromagnets and may have interesting applications in spintronics. So far it was experimentally studied in ''collinear'' geometries, where it is difficult to predict whether magnetization will coherently rotate or spin-waves will be generated. Here we propose an easy modification of existing experiment in which the spin-polarization of incoming current will no longer be collinear with magnetization and recalculate the switching behavior of the device. We expect that a better agreement with the magnetization rotation theory will be achieved. That can be an important step in reconciling alternative points of view on the effect of spin-transfer torque.

Bazaliy, Y. B.; Jones, B. A.

2002-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

?The author gratefully acknowledges valuable comments and suggestions from Klaus Reiner Schenk-Hoppé,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that with the presence of network effects in the market for software products, some degree of software piracy can actually be beneficial to a monopoly software company. On the other hand, monopolistic competition can put an in-optimal downward pressure on the level of copy protection the firm can set. Collusion on higher levels of protection does not seem to be a credible option. We also argue that free riding and lack of property rights enforcement are important factors in explaining the extent of

Henrik Bøhm Rasmussen; Teacher Klaus; Discussants Morten Hørmann; Grith Skaaning Storgaard; Nikolaj Malchow-møller; Panu Poutvaara; Torben Krogh Nielsen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Optimistic futurists suggest that we'll have a working space `elevator'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- Dow Corning 705 diffusion pump oil. Even at about 300 K -- the likely temperature of a film in thermal equilibrium, under exposure to sunlight -- this oil (actually, a modified cousin of this oil with slightly higher molecular weight) could easily remain for as long as a year before evaporating. Keeping the oil

Loss, Daniel

234

Suggestions to Help You Come Prepared Essential Questions for Student Inquiry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an evaluation methodology based on the notion of "nuggets", or relevant facts. A nugget answer key (consisting. The assessor then uses this answer key to identify relevant nuggets in system responses. The obvious downside a variant answer key in which all nuggets were considered vital, and reran our experiments. These results

235

Digital TV vs internet: similarities suggest future opportunities for SMEs to advertise on digital TV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Television has been a medium commonly used by enterprises to promote their values, products, services and offers. TV advertising can be expensive, affordable only to enterprises with a substantial budget for promotion. That leaves a great number of Small ... Keywords: advertising, connected tv, digital tv, small business, sme

Rafael Gonçalez Carneiro

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

84 Topics, Problems, and Questions Suggested for Faculty-Supervised Undergraduate or Graduate Research Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are not included in skeptics' projections; that other forms of solar power collection may outperform photovoltaics.0 megawatt California Solar Initiative subsidy limit discourages large- scale solar projects. A policy? For example, would more carbon-efficient subsidies and incentives derive from solar hot water, rather than

Rose, Michael R.

237

Suggestions to Help You Come Prepared Essential Questions for Student Inquiry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Voyager Space Probe has detected the outer edge of the Sun's solar wind and magnetic field, where and flows out into space as solar wind. core radiative zone photosphere chromosphere corona convective zone gets high enough in the atmosphere that the region above it is transparent, it escapes out into space

Mathis, Wayne N.

238

A new battery-charging method suggested by molecular dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on large-scale molecular dynamics simulations, we propose a new charging method that should be capable of charging a Lithium-ion battery in a fraction of the time needed when using traditional methods. This charging method uses an additional applied oscillatory electric field. Our simulation results show that this charging method offers a great reduction in the average intercalation time for Li+ ions, which dominates the charging time. The oscillating field not only increases the diffusion rate of Li+ ions in the electrolyte but, more importantly, also enhances intercalation by lowering the corresponding overall energy barrier.

Hamad, Ibrahim Abou; Wipf, D; Rikvold, P A; 10.1039/b920970k

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

THE CLIMATE FOR WOMEN FACULTY IN THE SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING: THEIR STORIES, SUCCESSES, AND SUGGESTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Coates. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002. Environment and Bodies: Gender, Race, Class. David Nye, Consuming Power: A Social History of American Energies. Cambridge: MIT, 1998. (req'd 6/13) Virginia J. Scharf J, Seeing Nature Through Gender, Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003. Christopher

Sheridan, Jennifer

240

Crisis prevention centers as confidence building measures: Suggestions for Northeast Asia  

SciTech Connect

Relationships between countries generally exist somewhere in the grey area between war and peace. Crisis prevention activities are particularly important and should have two goals: stabilizing tense situations that could push countries toward war, and supporting or reinforcing efforts to move countries toward peace. A Crisis Prevention Center (CPC) should facilitate efforts to achieve these goals. Its functions can be grouped into three broad, inter-related categories: establishing and facilitating communication among participating countries; supporting negotiations and consensus-building on regional security issues; and supporting implementation of agreed confidence and security building measures. Technology will play a critical role in a CPC. First, technology is required to establishing communication systems and to provide the means for organizing and analyzing this information. Second, technically-based cooperative monitoring can provide an objective source of information on mutually agreed issues. In addition, technology can be a neutral subject of interaction and collaboration between technical communities from different countries. Establishing a CPC in Northeast Asia does not require the existence of an Asian security regime. Potential first steps for such a CPC should include establishing communication channels and a dedicated communications center in each country, together with an agreement to use the system as a {open_quotes}Hot Line{close_quotes} in bilateral and multilateral emergency situations. A central CPC could also be established as a regional communications hub. The central CPC could coordinate a number of functions aimed at stabilizing regional tensions and supporting confidence building activities, perhaps initially in an unofficial capacity. Specific recommendations for confidence building measures are discussed.

Pregenzer, A.L.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Model of a Generic Natural Uranium Conversion Plant ? Suggested Measures to Strengthen International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report that closed a joint collaboration effort between DOE and the National Nuclear Energy Commission of Brazil (CNEN). In 2005, DOE and CNEN started a collaborative effort to evaluate measures that can strengthen the effectiveness of international safeguards at a natural uranium conversion plant (NUCP). The work was performed by DOE s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and CNEN. A generic model of a NUCP was developed and typical processing steps were defined. Advanced instrumentation and techniques for verification purposes were identified and investigated. The scope of the work was triggered by the International Atomic Energy Agency s 2003 revised policy concerning the starting point of safeguards at uranium conversion facilities. Prior to this policy only the final products of the uranium conversion plant were considered to be of composition and purity suitable for use in the nuclear fuel cycle and therefore, subject to the IAEA safeguards control. DOE and CNEN have explored options for implementing the IAEA policy, although Brazil understands that the new policy established by the IAEA is beyond the framework of the Quadripartite Agreement of which it is one of the parties, together with Argentina, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and the IAEA. Two technical papers on this subject were published at the 2005 and 2008 INMM Annual Meetings.

Raffo-Caiado, Ana Claudia [ORNL; Begovich, John M [ORNL; Ferrada, Juan J [ORNL

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Suggestions in the Observational Record of Land–Atmosphere Feedback Operating at Seasonal Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed monthly precipitation anomalies are standardized across midlatitude land, and ergodicity is invoked to combine the spatially distributed data into probability density functions (pdfs) of precipitation conditioned on the strength of ...

Randal D. Koster; Max J. Suarez

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Assessment and Suggestions to Improve the Commercial Building Module of EIA-NEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a comprehensive, computer-based, energy-economy modeling system developed and maintained by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS forecasts the national production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy out to 2015, subject to macroeconomic assumptions, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, technological developments, and behavioral and technological choice criteria. NEMS has nine program modules of which the Commercial Sector Demand (CSD) module is one. Currently the CSD module uses a matrix of Energy Use Intensities (EUls) gleaned from the 1989 CBECS database to model service demand per major fuel type for eight different geographic census divisions and eleven different building types.

O'Neal, D. L.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Quantitative Risk reduction estimation Tool For Control Systems, Suggested Approach and Research Needs  

SciTech Connect

For the past year we have applied a variety of risk assessment technologies to evaluate the risk to critical infrastructure from cyber attacks on control systems. More recently, we identified the need for a stand alone control system risk reduction estimation tool to provide owners and operators of control systems with a more useable, reliable, and credible method for managing the risks from cyber attack. Risk is defined as the probability of a successful attack times the value of the resulting loss, typically measured in lives and dollars. Qualitative and ad hoc techniques for measuring risk do not provide sufficient support for cost benefit analyses associated with cyber security mitigation actions. To address the need for better quantitative risk reduction models we surveyed previous quantitative risk assessment research; evaluated currently available tools; developed new quantitative techniques [17] [18]; implemented a prototype analysis tool to demonstrate how such a tool might be used; used the prototype to test a variety of underlying risk calculational engines (e.g. attack tree, attack graph); and identified technical and research needs. We concluded that significant gaps still exist and difficult research problems remain for quantitatively assessing the risk to control system components and networks, but that a useable quantitative risk reduction estimation tool is not beyond reach.

Miles McQueen; Wayne Boyer; Mark Flynn; Sam Alessi

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Users and households appliances: design suggestions for a better, sustainable interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Human Machine Interaction has a big role in the user approach with households appliances. During the main phase (the use one), users are called to manage energy choices, often without available efficient information regarding the best behavior they ... Keywords: energy saving, households appliances, interaction design, interfaces, sustainability

Anna Zandanel

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Suggests e1071, scatterplot3d ZipData No Repository CRAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Description A collection of artificial and real-world machine learning benchmark problems, including, e.g., several data sets from the UCI repository.

Friedrich Leisch; Maintainer Friedrich Leisch

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Suggested strategies and best practices in private supply chain disaster response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In times of disaster, demand for goods and services in affected areas spikes. Private companies generally have contingencies in place for business continuity; however, most lack a strategic approach to join the general ...

Budhiraj, Karn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Structure of the KinA-Sda Complex Suggests an Allosteric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... mg/ml in 70% acet- onitrile, 1% tri-fluoro-acetic acid) and air ... Amino acid alignments between KinA and homologues was performed with ... Acids Res. ...

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

"The Power of Suggestiveness:" Sadakichi Hartmann, Thomas Wilmer Dewing, and American Modernism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by additional essays and creative writing. To conclude bothessays on more general topics of art theory and aesthetics, as well as some of his particularly important creative

Vasiliou, Tia Anne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

digestibility of the protein sources present in Suggestions for the future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is now possible to study glucagon release in isolated chicken islets. High concentra- tions of IGFs appear to be associated with a higher growth rate and increased fat depo- sition in genotype of fast growing chicken. Bovine skeletal muscle is genetically het- erogeneous with regard to regulation of pro

Recanati, Catherine

251

To the Western Governors:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Clean and Diversified Energy Advisory Committee (CDEAC) is pleased to present you with its report and recommendations for achieving and potentially exceeding your clean and diversified energy objectives. This report represents the culmination of an enormous effort by hundreds of individuals representing a broad range of backgrounds and interests. This report and the reports of the CDEAC task forces represent a comprehensive and balanced look at transmission, energy efficiency and clean energy resources. These documents represent the best thinking of some of the most accomplished experts across an array of issues. The strength of the CDEAC report is the recommendations for consideration by the Governors. We have organized the recommendations into those that can be considered by individual states, those that suggest opportunities for action on a regional level, and those that offer the potential for influencing national policy. As requested by your charge to the CDEAC, the recommendations stress non-mandatory, incentive-based approaches. The CDEAC believes that the suite of recommendations is worthy of consideration and adoption by the Western Governors where appropriate. The CDEAC believes this report offers the Western Governors a host of viable options for increasing

William J. Keese

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Concept of “Normalized” Distribution to Describe Raindrop Spectra: A Tool for Cloud Physics and Cloud Remote Sensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape of the drop size distribution (DSD) reflects the physics of rain. The DSD is the result of the microphysical processes that transform the condensed water into rain. The question of the DSD is also central in radar meteorology, because ...

Jacques Testud; Stéphane Oury; Robert A. Black; Paul Amayenc; Xiankang Dou

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price forecast of the Fifth Northwest Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

representing the ed cycle power plants high thermal efficiency, low environmental impact, short construction-cycle gas turbines 100 MW wind power plants - prime resource areas 100 MW wind power plants - secondary, curtailment, or by imports from xmp® simulates power plant dispatch in each of 16 load- resource zones

254

2.4 CONTINUUM MECHANICS (SOLIDS) In this introduction to continuum mechanics we consider the basic equations describing the physical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

243 §2.4 CONTINUUM MECHANICS (SOLIDS) In this introduction to continuum mechanics we consider to simplify the constitutive equations for elasticity. We begin our study of continuum mechanics

California at Santa Cruz, University of

255

The problem of describing a problem: Supporting laypersons in presenting their queries to the Internet-based helpdesk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internet-based helpdesks for hardware and software are a common way to get expert advice. To communicate effectively with experts, laypersons should be able to provide the expert with a concise and comprehensive description of their computer problem. ... Keywords: Asynchronous interaction, Computer-supported cooperative work, Electronic mail, Expert-layperson communication, Helpdesk support, Human information processing, Problem solving

Matthias Nückles; Anna Ertelt

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

On the non-linearity of the master equation describing spin-selective radical-ion-pair reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We elaborate on the physical meaning of the non-linear master equation that was recently derived to account for spin-selective radical-ion-pair reactions. Based on quite general arguments, we show that such a non-linear master equation is indeed to be expected.

Kominis, I K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Site Survey This chapter describes the work of the Site Survey Group and the candidate sites. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

affinities with the Namib Desert (desert of the Moc¸amedes) and south of 11 S with the Karoo-Namib shrubland), Nama Karoo semi-desert; 6 (white), Namib desert; 7 (pink), Afromontane forest; 8 (blue green), edaphic at present through Afromontane vegetation, wetter Zambezian Miombo woodland and bushy Karoo-Namib shrubland

258

Structure of unstable nuclei around N = 28 described by a shell model with the monopole-based universal interaction  

SciTech Connect

The structure of exotic nuclei around N = 28 is investigated in the sd-pf shell-model space using a new effective interaction. The cross-shell part of the interaction is provided by the monopole-based universal interaction which has been successful in accounting for single-particle evolution in several mass regions. Focusing on the nuclear structure that is sensitive to the shell evolution, we show successful results for the proton-hole states in K isotopes and large deformation in {sup 42}Si. The results demonstrate that the present scheme may be a promising way for constructing an effective interaction for other mass regions.

Utsuno, Yutaka [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan); Otsuka, Takaharu [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo (Japan); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI 48824 (United States); Brown, B. Alex [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI 48824 (United States); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI 48824 (United States); Honma, Michio [Center for Mathematical Sciences, University of Aizu, Ikki-machi, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Fukushima 965-8580 (Japan); Mizusaki, Takahiro [Institute for National Sciences, Senshu University, Tokyo, 101-8425 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

259

Can a Unique Model Describe the Raindrop Shape–Size Relation? A Clue from Polarimetric Radar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed to retrieve raindrop shape–size relations from the radar measurements of reflectivity factor Zh, differential reflectivity Zdr, and specific differential phase Kdp at S band. This procedure is obtained using a domain defined ...

Eugenio Gorgucci; V. Chandrasekar; Luca Baldini

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION In 1803, Dalton proposed a set of postulates to describe the atom. In his  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimentally. Figure 2.1: Schematic presentation of the neutron elastic scattering process (CANDU04). #12 process (CANDU04). Instead of re-emitting a neutron as in inelastic scattering, the compound nucleus may

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

10. PRESENT AND FUTURE My intention in writing this book was to describe what we know of the anatomy and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of understanding the brain, analogous to the consequences of understanding the atom? Do we have to worry about

Hubel, David

262

Model for a Universe described by a non-minimally coupled scalar field and interacting dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work it is investigated the evolution of a Universe where a scalar field, non-minimally coupled to space-time curvature, plays the role of quintessence and drives the Universe to a present accelerated expansion. A non-relativistic dark matter constituent that interacts directly with dark energy is also considered, where the dark matter particle mass is assumed to be proportional to the value of the scalar field. Two models for dark matter pressure are considered: the usual one, pressureless, and another that comes from a thermodynamic theory and relates the pressure with the coupling between the scalar field and the curvature scalar. Although the model has a strong dependence on the initial conditions, it is shown that the mixture consisted of dark components plus baryonic matter and radiation can reproduce the expected red-shift behavior of the deceleration parameter, density parameters and luminosity distance.

J. B. Binder; G. M. Kremer

2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

263

Twenty new species of Metrichia (Trichoptera: Hydroptili-dae) from Costa Rica are described: M. acicula, M. alajuela,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

species occurring in Costa Rica are provided: M. avon (Bueno- Soria), M. biungulata (Flint), M. lemniscata (Flint), M. penicillata (Flint), M. quadrata (Flint), and M. riva (Bueno- Soria). An illustrated key as a distinct genus (Wiggins 1996, Flint & Bueno-Soria 1998). Metrichia is highly diverse in the Neotropical

Holzenthal, Ralph W.

264

Effective April 11, 2003 THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

officials: (1) for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized protected health information for medical research purposes. · National Security, Intelligence Activities

265

Application of Semi-Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (SGMC) methods to describe non-equilibrium polymer systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the structure of materials, and how this structure affects their properties, is an important step towards the understanding that is necessary in order to apply computational methods to the end of designing ...

Bernardin, Frederick E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Abstract--This paper describes the use of a data-driven autoregressive integrated moving average model to predict body  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a Senior Research Scientist and Director of the Biotechnology High Performance Computing Software

267

Private party sales and straw purchases were described in Chapter 1; the main purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- sion of the earlier discussion. Because of their anonymity, private party sales allow guns at gun shows are unlicensed vendors.1 Gun shows are studded with "Private Sale" signs that convey to all attendees were armed, and many of these were unambiguously offering their guns for sale.2 Again, private

Leistikow, Bruce N.

268

The Full-Scale Radon Filter The successful radon reduction obtained with the prototype radon filter described in chap-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for connecting the vacuum pump. They are equipped with slip-on flanges. Two smaller 1" flanged ports are provided in the bottom left corner of fig. 5.5. The connections between the drying units and the air blower were made with flexible 6" and 8" plastic hose. Pneumatically controlled solenoid angle valves with aluminum body were

269

The University of Western Ontario Greenhouse Gas Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2 Ontario Regulation 452/09 9 I.3 Non-mandatory programs 10 I.4 Greenhouse Gas Inventories 10 I.4 combustion accounted for the vast majority of the emissions. Within this category, natural gas reactions. Methane is emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas and oil. Methane

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

270

Analysis of the Isolated SecA DEAD Motor Suggests a Mechanism for Chemical?Mechanical Coupling  

SciTech Connect

The preprotein cross-linking domain and C-terminal domains of Escherichia coli SecA were removed to create a minimal DEAD motor, SecA-DM. SecA-DM hydrolyzes ATP and has the same affinity for ADP as full-length SecA. The crystal structure of SecA-DM in complex with ADP was solved and shows the DEAD motor in a closed conformation. Comparison with the structure of the E. coli DEAD motor in an open conformation (Protein Data Bank ID 2FSI) indicates main-chain conformational changes in two critical sequences corresponding to Motif III and Motif V of the DEAD helicase family. The structures that the Motif III and Motif V sequences adopt in the DEAD motor open conformation are incompatible with the closed conformation. Therefore, when the DEAD motor makes the transition from open to closed, Motif III and Motif V are forced to change their conformations, which likely functions to regulate passage through the transition state for ATP hydrolysis. The transition state for ATP hydrolysis for the SecA DEAD motor was modeled based on the conformation of the Vasa helicase in complex with adenylyl imidodiphosphate and RNA (Protein Data Bank ID 2DB3). A mechanism for chemical-mechanical coupling emerges, where passage through the transition state for ATP hydrolysis is hindered by the conformational changes required in Motif III and Motif V, and may be promoted by binding interactions with the preprotein substrate and/or other translocase domains and subunits.

Nithianantham, Stanley; Shilton, Brian H. (UWO)

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

Analysis of the Isolated SecA DEAD Motor Suggests a Mechanism for Chemical?Mechanical Coupling  

SciTech Connect

The preprotein cross-linking domain and C-terminal domains of Escherichia coli SecA were removed to create a minimal DEAD motor, SecA-DM. SecA-DM hydrolyzes ATP and has the same affinity for ADP as full-length SecA. The crystal structure of SecA-DM in complex with ADP was solved and shows the DEAD motor in a closed conformation. Comparison with the structure of the E. coli DEAD motor in an open conformation (Protein Data Bank ID 2FSI) indicates main-chain conformational changes in two critical sequences corresponding to Motif III and Motif V of the DEAD helicase family. The structures that the Motif III and Motif V sequences adopt in the DEAD motor open conformation are incompatible with the closed conformation. Therefore, when the DEAD motor makes the transition from open to closed, Motif III and Motif V are forced to change their conformations, which likely functions to regulate passage through the transition state for ATP hydrolysis. The transition state for ATP hydrolysis for the SecA DEAD motor was modeled based on the conformation of the Vasa helicase in complex with adenylyl imidodiphosphate and RNA (Protein Data Bank ID 2DB3). A mechanism for chemical-mechanical coupling emerges, where passage through the transition state for ATP hydrolysis is hindered by the conformational changes required in Motif III and Motif V, and may be promoted by binding interactions with the preprotein substrate and/or other translocase domains and subunits.

Nithianantham, Stanley; Shilton, Brian H. (UWO)

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

272

SnipSuggest: Context-Aware Autocompletion for SQL Nodira Khoussainova, YongChul Kwon, Magdalena Balazinska, and Dan Suciu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.n infinite path ((((so,po),0), ( ( S l , l ) l ) , I), ...)). Let p = (((so,po),(s1,p2),...)), aiid

Anderson, Richard

273

SnipSuggest: Context-Aware Autocompletion for SQL Nodira Khoussainova, YongChul Kwon, Magdalena Balazinska, and Dan Suciu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

); Conclude. Appx: (Links, s-OPO, s-NPD); #12;BECQI 2003: NLS Solitons and the Few-Cycle Regime Paul Kinsler; Colliding; Logic-1; Logic-2 Parametric); Spectral: (Overlap, Solitons); Conclude. Appx: (Links, s-OPO, s. Appx: (Links, s-OPO, s-NPD); #12;BECQI 2003: NLS Solitons and the Few-Cycle Regime Paul Kinsler & Geoff

Balazinska, Magdalena

274

Altered microRNA expression patterns in irradiated hematopoietic tissues suggest a sex-specific protective mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate involvement of miRNAs in radiation responses we used microRNAome profiling to analyze the sex-specific response of radiation sensitive hematopoietic lymphoid tissues. We show that radiation exposure resulted in a significant and sex-specific deregulation of microRNA expression in murine spleen and thymus tissues. Among the regulated miRNAs, we found that changes in expression of miR-34a and miR-7 may be involved in important protective mechanisms counteracting radiation cytotoxicity. We observed a significant increase in the expression of tumor-suppressor miR-34a, paralleled by a decrease in the expression of its target oncogenes NOTCH1, MYC, E2F3 and cyclin D1. Additionally, we show that miR-7 targets the lymphoid-specific helicase LSH, a pivotal regulator of DNA methylation and genome stability. While miR-7 was significantly down-regulated LSH was significantly up-regulated. These cellular changes may constitute an attempt to counteract radiation-induced hypomethylation. Tissue specificity of miRNA responses and possible regulation of miRNA expression upon irradiation are discussed.

Ilnytskyy, Yaroslav; Zemp, Franz J.; Koturbash, Igor [Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alta., T1K 3M4 (Canada); Kovalchuk, Olga [Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alta., T1K 3M4 (Canada)], E-mail: olga.kovalchuk@uleth.ca

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

Genome-wide binding of the orphan nuclear receptor TR4 suggests its general role in fundamental biological processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its general role in fundamental biological processes. BMCits general role in fundamental biological processesgenes are involved in fundamental biological processes such

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Comparative power spectral analysis of simultaneous elecroencephalographic and magnetoencephalographic recordings in humans suggests non-resistive extracellular media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flexible smoothing with B-splines and penalties. StatisticalWe used the so-called “B-spline” (see details in de BoorAfter obtaining a smooth B-spline curve, a simple 1st degree

Dehghani, Nima; Bédard, Claude; Cash, Sydney S.; Halgren, Eric; Destexhe, Alain

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Disambiguated query suggestions and personalized content-similarity and novelty ranking of clustered results to optimize web searches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we face the so called ''ranked list problem'' of Web searches, that occurs when users submit short requests to search engines. Generally, as a consequence of terms' ambiguity and polysemy, users engage long cycles of query reformulation ... Keywords: Novelty ranking, Personalized Web results ranking, Query disambiguation, Results clustering, Web meta-searching

Gloria Bordogna; Alessandro Campi; Giuseppe Psaila; Stefania Ronchi

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Factors Affecting a Recently Purchased Handgun’s Risk for Use in Crime under Circumstances That Suggest Gun Trafficking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

227777. WRIGHT ET AL. 3. Crime in the United States 2008.Tobacco and Firearms. Crime Gun Trace Reports (2000)—Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun

Wright, Mona A.; Wintemute, Garen J.; Webster, Daniel W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Identification of Lessons Learned and Suggestions for the Development of Regulatory Cooperation between California and the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suspend 10 percent biofuels target says EEA Scientifican EU target of 10% transport fuels to come from biofuels tobiofuels" is carried out, with the aim of setting "a new and more moderate long-term target". (

Clark, Ian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Shipper Preferences Suggest Strong Mistrust of Rail: The First SP Carrier Choice Survey for the Quebec City -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increased mode share by rail as a way to reduce transportation emissions. To understand whether freight mode considered to reduce them in freight transportation is to increase the proportion of freight transported by rail rather than road. Evaluating the potential for government policy to be used to move more freight

Bierlaire, Michel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Psychological correlates of the UFO abduction experience : the role of beliefs and indirect suggestions on abduction accounts obtained during hypnosis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reports of UFO abductions continue to increase in number in North America, the details of which are most commonly obtained in a quasi-therapeutic context, often… (more)

Day, Duncan J.A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Identification of Lessons Learned and Suggestions for the Development of Regulatory Cooperation between California and the European Union  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainability criteria for biofuels are widely applied,Sustainability criteria for biofuels Major debates areEU on the future of biofuels in the academic and political

Clark, Ian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Phenotype fingerprinting suggests the involvement of single-genotype consortia in degradation of aromatic compounds by Rhodopseudomonas palustris  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding of cellular processes involved in the anaerobic degradation of complex organic compounds by microorganisms is crucial for development of innovative biotechnologies for bioethanol production and for efficient degradation of toxic organic compounds. In natural environment the degradation is usually accomplished by syntrophic consortia comprised of different bacterial species. Here we show that the metabolically versatile phototrophic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris may form its own syntrophic consortia, when it grows anaerobically on p-coumarate or benzoate as a sole carbon source. In the study we reveal the consortia from a comparison of large-scale measurements of mRNA and protein expressions under p-coumarate and benzoate degrading conditions using a novel computational approach referred as phenotype fingerprinting. In this approach marker genes for known R. palustris phenotypes are employed to calculate their expression from the gene and protein expressions in each studied condition. Subpopulations of the consortia are inferred from the expression of phenotypes and known metabolic modes of the R. palustris growth. We find that p-coumarate degrading condition leads to at least three R. palustris subpopulations utilizing p-coumarate, benzoate, and CO2 and H2. Benzoate degrading condition also produces at least three subpopulations utilizing benzoate, CO2 and H2, and N2 and formate. Communication among syntrophs and inter-syntrophic dynamics in each consortium are indicated by up-regulation of transporters and genes involved in the curli formation and chemotaxis. The photoautotrphic subpopulation found in both consortia is characterized by activation of two cbb operons and the uptake hydrogenase system. A specificity of N2-fixing subpopulation in the benzoate degrading consortium is the preferential activation of the vanadium nitrogenase over the molybdenum nitrogenase. The N2-fixing subpopulation in the consortium is confirmed by consumption of dissolved nitrogen gas under the benzoate degrading conditions.

Karpinets, Tatiana V [ORNL; Pelletier, Dale A [ORNL; Pan, Chongle [ORNL; Uberbacher, Edward C [ORNL; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L [ORNL; Samatova, Nagiza F [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

EXPERIMENTING WITH FLUIDS OC-569a/AS591a Winter 2010 PROJECT SUGGESTIONS 1.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vortices at meso- to large scale. Tornado vortices are also used to centrifuge the density of the fluid, and possibly in gas planets and the sun, where momentum

285

Broadband Transmission Spectroscopy of the super-Earth GJ 1214b suggests a Low Mean Molecular Weight Atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We used WIRCam on CFHT to observe four transits of the super-Earth GJ 1214b in the near-infrared. For each transit we observed in two bands nearly-simultaneously by rapidly switching the WIRCam filter wheel back and forth for the duration of the observations. By combining all our J-band (~1.25 microns) observations we find a transit depth in this band of 1.338\\pm0.013% - a value consistent with the optical transit depth reported by Charbonneau and collaborators. However, our best-fit combined Ks-band (~2.15 microns) transit depth is deeper: 1.438\\pm0.019%. Formally our Ks-band transits are deeper than the J-band transits observed simultaneously by a factor of 1.072\\pm0.018 - a 4-sigma discrepancy. The most straightforward explanation for our deeper Ks-band depth is a spectral absorption feature from the limb of the atmosphere of the planet; for the spectral absorption feature to be this prominent the atmosphere of GJ 1214b must have a large scale height and a low mean molecular weight. That is, it would have ...

Croll, Bryce; Jayawardhana, Ray; Kempton, Eliza Miller-Ricci; Fortney, Jonathan J; Murray, Norman; Neilson, Hilding

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Session: What have studies of communications towers suggested regarding the impact of guy wires and lights on birds and bats  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of one presentation followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The paper ''Wind turbines and Avian Risk: Lessons from Communications Towers'' was given by Paul Kerlinger. The presenter outlined lessons that have been learned from research on communications (not cell) towers and about the impacts of guy wires and lights on birds and bats and how they could be useful to wind energy developers. The paper also provided specific information about a large 'fatality' event that occurred at the Mountaineer, WC wind energy site in May 2003, and a table of Night Migrant Carcass search findings for various wind sites in the US.

Kerlinger, Paul

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Comparative studies suggest that gene duplication, changes in cis-regulatory elements and changes in protein sequence all  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:73-78. 7. Grenier JK, Garber TL, Warren R, Whitington PM, Carroll S: Evolution of the entire arthropod Hox. de Rosa R, Grenier JK, Andreeva T, Cook CE, Adoutte A, Akam M, Carroll SB, Balavoine G: Hox genes-rule expression. Development 1994, 120:1561-1572. 29. Telford MJ: Evidence for the derivation of the Drosophila

288

www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 298 25 OCTOBER 2002 735 has been finalized. But he suggests that he  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considerable discussion, the Depart- ment of Atomic Energy caused barely a rip- ple last year when it chose- search Institute in Allahabad. Ravi Kulkarni, a mathematics professor at the City Univer- sity of New tenures for those at the top. With the exception of Anil Kakodkar, secretary of the Department of Atomic

Church, George M.

289

A Genome-Wide Association Study Suggests Novel Loci Associated with a Schizophrenia-Related Brain-Based Phenotype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patients with schizophrenia and their siblings typically show subtle changes of brain structures, such as a reduction of hippocampal volume. Hippocampal volume is heritable, may explain a variety of cognitive symptoms of ...

Hass, Johanna

290

Factors Affecting a Recently Purchased Handgun’s Risk for Use in Crime under Circumstances That Suggest Gun Trafficking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YCGI c city Yes No Number of gun sales in 1996 Denials, % ofnumber of retailer gun sales); none were identi?ed. FindingsG0.0001 G0.0001 No Number of gun sales in 1996 Denials, % of

Wright, Mona A.; Wintemute, Garen J.; Webster, Daniel W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

A Campus-Wide Course on Micro Renewable Energy Systems This paper describes the intellectual and pedagogical issues, and results from two teachings of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

devices such as rooftop wind turbines and solar water heaters. Many such efforts are driven by the passion independence. For instance, Figure 1: High-intensity solar converter plus wind turbine. Courtesy Laura

292

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe UM Reports services provided by the Office of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Responsibilities Staffing OIT's Business Intelligence team currently is responsible for the implementation The Business Intelligence team will be expected to: · Communicate to end users in local units to minimize

Amin, S. Massoud

293

Detailed methodology for mapping Sea Level Rise marsh migration: This document describes the mapping process used by the NOAA Coastal Services Center to map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to map SLR does not incorporate a detailed pipe network analysis or engineering grade hydrologic analysis Considerations handbook (http://www.csc.noaa.gov/topobathy/topographic- and

294

In this paper we describe a generalized classification method for HMM-based speech recognition systems, that uses free energy as  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recognition systems, that uses free energy as a discriminant function rather than conventional probabilities negative free energy [2] of the HMM at a temperature . Consequently, MAP classifica- tion is equivalent to minimizing the free energy of the classifier with respect to the class at T = 1. In speech recognition

Singh, Rita

295

Purify: Fast Detection of Memory Leaks and Access Errors This paper describes Purify, a software testing and quality assurance tool that detects memory leaks and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

], Catalytix [Feuer85] and various similar malloc_debug packages use. Byte and two-byte checking cannot spent eliminating leaks in the X11R4 server for Sun workstations. All that effort, yet dozens of leaks as gcc. The data was collected on a Sun SPARCstation SLC running SUNOS 4.1.1, and all times are real

Qin, Feng

296

Development of the T+M coupled flow-geomechanical simulator to describe fracture propagation and coupled flow-thermal-geomechanical processes in tight/shale gas systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We developed a hydraulic fracturing simulator by coupling a flow simulator to a geomechanics code, namely T+M simulator. Modeling of the vertical fracture development involves continuous updating of the boundary conditions and of the data connectivity, ... Keywords: Double porosity, Fracture propagation, Hydraulic fracturing, Poromechanics, Shale gas, Tensile failure

Jihoon Kim, George J. Moridis

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Abstract--This paper describes a web-based electric power market simulation tool called POWERWEB. It can be used as an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

various roles in the market, to interactively respond and react to the information provided, they are not able to inform regarding the effects of market behavior on the reliability and operation of more and Markets at the U.S. Department of Energy. R. D. Zimmerman is with the School of Electrical and Computer

298

International Conference on Experimental Mechanics We describe a methodology to relate optical signals to surface motion, and apply it to the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The telescopic optical system is shown with the fiber-optically coupled single-element sensor. Figures 19 and 20 with the optical measurements. We show how the optical system is capable of detecting theoretically expected modal achromatic telescope Meade Optical flip-mirror Model 647 Fiber-optically coupled near-infrared (1.6 micron

Kielkopf, John

299

Abstract: This paper describes the on-going work done by Hydro-Qubec to optimize the settings of automatic devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operation of the RPTC system. Figure 1 illustrates RPTC systems distributed in fifteen 735 kV substations: Normal contingencies and extreme conting Three phase fault with normal clearing Single line to ground-circuit line Normal Contingencies Loss of any element without fault Single line to ground fault with loss

Wehenkel, Louis

300

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe the capabilities of the ImageNow Enterprise Document  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management system. Documents can be scanned or captured in their native format such as Microsoft Office files.m. to 8 p.m., except for regularly scheduled maintenance on Sunday morning. System status is available at to perform maintenance activities. If the maintenance window extends beyond anticipated end time, the System

Amin, S. Massoud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe Moodle course management services provided by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management system. Instructors can create course websites that include text, multimedia learning resources information, visit the Change Management website. Scheduled Maintenance Moodle has time reserved for scheduled maintenance windows is published on the System Status page. Should maintenance be required outside

Amin, S. Massoud

302

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe UMWiki services provided by the Office of Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7x52. System status is available at http://systemstatus.umn.edu. Change Management Change Management, the System Status page will be updated accordingly. The schedule of OIT maintenance windows is published on the System Status page. Should maintenance be required outside of the scheduled maintenance window

Amin, S. Massoud

303

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe UMart services provided by the Office of Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance periods. System status is available at: http://systemstatus.umn.edu. Performance Measurement, and Emergency. For more information, visit the Change Management website. Scheduled Maintenance Maintenance, an announcement will be posted to the System Status page. If the maintenance window extends beyond anticipated end

Amin, S. Massoud

304

Office of Information Technology University of Minnesota 1 The intent of this document is to describe UMCal Calendar services provided by the Office of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for scheduled maintenance periods. System status is available at: http://systemstatus.umn.edu. Change Management, and Emergency. For more information, visit the Change Management website. Scheduled Maintenance Daily system-wide personal calendar management and scheduling system. UMCal can be used across various software platforms

Amin, S. Massoud

305

This is the first annual report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Neutron Sciences Directorate for calendar year 2007. It describes the neutron science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Welcome 6 Neutron Primer 7 ORNL Neutron Sciences 8 HFIR and SNS 9 Year in Review 16 Science Highlights 36. With HFIR and SNS operating, ORNL now has two of the world's best neutron facilities and the opportunity facilities. At HFIR, the year began with the reactor in shutdown mode and work on the new cold source

306

THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to funeral directors as necessary to carry out their duties. National Security and Intelligence Activities. The Plan may release medical information about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law. Inmates. If you are an inmate

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

307

NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for lawful intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities. We may be required

Bordenstein, Seth

308

How well does NLO pQCD describe strangeness in $p+p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$= 200 GeV in STAR?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present measurements of the transverse momentum spectra for $\\mathrm{K^{0}_{S}}$, $\\Lambda$, $\\Xi$ and their antiparticles in p+p collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=200 GeV$. The extracted mid-rapidity yields and $$ are in agreement with previous $p+\\bar{p}$ experiments while they have smaller statistical errors. We compare the measured spectra for $\\mathrm{K^{0}_{S}}$ and $\\Lambda$ to the latest available calculations from NLO pQCD and see good agreement for the $\\mathrm{K^{0}_{S}}$ above 1.5 GeV/c.

Mark Heinz

2005-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Shellfish consumption and intertidal occupancy review, Sellafield, 2004. This note describes a review of public radiation exposure pathways due to liquid radioactive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a review of public radiation exposure pathways due to liquid radioactive waste discharges from the British limited to adults. The results are shown in Tables 1 to 3. Data analysis Internal exposure In addition and external exposure pathways have also been conducted by the Centre for Environment, Fisheries

310

The KTOI Ecosystem Project Relational Database : a Report Prepared by Statistical Consulting Services for KTOI Describing the Key Components and Specifications of the KTOI Relational Database.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data are the central focus of any research project. Their collection and analysis are crucial to meeting project goals, testing scientific hypotheses, and drawing relevant conclusions. Typical research projects often devote the majority of their resources to the collection, storage and analysis of data. Therefore, issues related to data quality should be of foremost concern. Data quality issues are even more important when conducting multifaceted studies involving several teams of researchers. Without the use of a standardized protocol, for example, independent data collection carried out by separate research efforts can lead to inconsistencies, confusion and errors throughout the larger project. A database management system can be utilized to help avoid all of the aforementioned problems. The centralization of data into a common relational unit, i.e. a relational database, shifts the responsibility for data quality and maintenance from multiple individuals to a single database manager, thus allowing data quality issues to be assessed and corrected in a timely manner. The database system also provides an easy mechanism for standardizing data components, such as variable names and values uniformly across all segments of a project. This is particularly an important issue when data are collected on a number of biological/physical response and explanatory variables from various locations and times. The database system can integrate all segments of a large study into one unit, while providing oversight and accessibility to the data collection process. The quality of all data collected is uniformly maintained and compatibility between research efforts ensured. While the physical database would exist in a central location, access will not be physically limited. Advanced database interfaces are created to operate over the internet utilizing a Web-based relational database, allowing project members to access their data from virtually anywhere. These interfaces provide users with the ability to upload, download, edit, and search data remotely, creating a dynamic system that is continually updated with the most recent information. At the same time, data are protected through user access restrictions, by implementing user profiles and password protected security. This accessibility could be set to any combination of read/write/edit abilities from an administrator capacity with full access to all data, to a highly restricted public access capability limited to general project information. Generation of customized summary reports and basic graphical routines could also be obtained through a Web-based interference. Using these types of features, users could produce summary tables, track trends of specified response variables over time or location, and compare results from various disciplines. Exploration of data in this manner can help users to better define and clarify their research goals and provide a means of integrating various aspects of a larger research project.

Shafii, Bahman [Statistical Consulting Services

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: · Treating all of your health information that we collect as confidential. · Stating confidentiality policies provides the insurer the right to contest the claim under the policy Uses and Disclosures with Neither for lawful intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities. We may be required

Bordenstein, Seth

312

Technical Notes TECHNICAL NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Accelerator," Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, No. 10, Oct. 2004, pp. 4847­4858. doi:10, T. E., Choueiri, E. Y., and Berkery, J. W., "Measurements of Current Sheet Canting in a Pulsed

Choueiri, Edgar

313

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

harms involved in agricultural soil carbon sequestration.land-management/soil-carbon- sequestration/en/ (last visitedet al. , Soil Carbon Sequestration – Fundamentals , O HIO S

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Report to California Energy Commission on route to scale-up of polymer based PV: Funding suggestions for research and technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production potential for solar vent pre- heating, PV, and wind technologies. #12;6 These facilities should for a solar PV system in this report, has many near-ideal areas in which to implement a PV system solar resource, and excellent incentives, a government-owned PV system provides a reasonable payback

Islam, M. Saif

315

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offset credits for installing “a biogas control system thatemissions by installing biogas control systems (BCS), whichin exchange for installing biogas control systems (BCS), a

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

216 DOI: 10.1119/1.1696589 THE PHYSICS TEACHER Vol. 42, April 2004 Prior research suggests that students who can-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute #12;2 Bulbs transition to..... Bulbs! ·Efficient but NOT SMART ·Made primarily Asia ·Significant performance improvements still possible ·Still a bulb Semiconductor "Thinking" do the job? 150 mm blue LED wafer One small chip at a time #12;4 The Traditional LED

Zollman, Dean

317

Transitioning from Student to Teacher in the Master-Apprentice Model of Piano Pedagogy| An Exploratory Study of Challenges, Solutions, Resources, Reflections, and Suggestions for the Future.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? While many music educators learn how to teach through teacher training programs, the standard mode of transmission in which piano teachers learn to teach… (more)

Slawsky, Melissa Maccarelli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Structural, Biochemical, and Phylogenetic Analyses Suggest That Indole-3-Acetic Acid Methyltransferase Is an Evolutionarily Ancient Member of the SABATH Family  

SciTech Connect

The plant SABATH protein family encompasses a group of related small-molecule methyltransferases (MTs) that catalyze the S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent methylation of natural chemicals encompassing widely divergent structures. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) methyltransferase (IAMT) is a member of the SABATH family that modulates IAA homeostasis in plant tissues through methylation of IAA's free carboxyl group. The crystal structure of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) IAMT (AtIAMT1) was determined and refined to 2.75 Angstroms resolution. The overall tertiary and quaternary structures closely resemble the two-domain bilobed monomer and the dimeric arrangement, respectively, previously observed for the related salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase from Clarkia breweri (CbSAMT). To further our understanding of the biological function and evolution of SABATHs, especially of IAMT, we analyzed the SABATH gene family in the rice (Oryza sativa) genome. Forty-one OsSABATH genes were identified. Expression analysis showed that more than one-half of the OsSABATH genes were transcribed in one or multiple organs. The OsSABATH gene most similar to AtIAMT1 is OsSABATH4. Escherichia coli-expressed OsSABATH4 protein displayed the highest level of catalytic activity toward IAA and was therefore named OsIAMT1. OsIAMT1 exhibited kinetic properties similar to AtIAMT1 and poplar IAMT (PtIAMT1). Structural modeling of OsIAMT1 and PtIAMT1 using the experimentally determined structure of AtIAMT1 reported here as a template revealed conserved structural features of IAMTs within the active-site cavity that are divergent from functionally distinct members of the SABATH family, such as CbSAMT. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that IAMTs from Arabidopsis, rice, and poplar (Populus spp.) form a monophyletic group. Thus, structural, biochemical, and phylogenetic evidence supports the hypothesis that IAMT is an evolutionarily ancient member of the SABATH family likely to play a critical role in IAA homeostasis across a wide range of plants.

Zhao,N.; Ferrer, J.; Ross, J.; Guan, J.; Yang, Y.; Pichersky, E.; Noel, J.; Chen, F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

five times that of carbon dioxide. 63 Manure managementgreenhouse gas emissions. Carbon dioxide is perhaps the mostin millions of tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO 2

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Foam for fracturing and acid stimulation. Part 3. Foam stimulation treatment design, suggested foam stimulation design from, and foam frac: pressure loss calculations  

SciTech Connect

This 3-part series of studies is a comprehensive guide to the background, design, and implementation of foamed stimulation for the treatment of oil and gas wells. It is adapted from the foam stimulation training manual developed and in use by Smith Energy Services. This work allows an interested party to acquire a basic understanding of the principles of foam and how it is utilized successfully as a stimulation medium. A thorough step-by-step method to properly design a foam treatment and original pressure loss calculations are provided.

Holcomb, D.L.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Structure of an Odorant-Vinding Protein form the Mosquito Aedes aegypti Suggests a Binding Pocket Covered by a pH-Sensitive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is the primary vector for the viruses that cause yellow fever, mostly in tropical regions of Africa and in parts of South America, and human dengue, which infects 100 million people yearly in the tropics and subtropics. A better understanding of the structural biology of olfactory proteins may pave the way for the development of environmentally-friendly mosquito attractants and repellents, which may ultimately contribute to reduction of mosquito biting and disease transmission. Previously, we isolated and cloned a major, female-enriched odorant-binding protein (OBP) from the yellow fever mosquito, AaegOBP1, which was later inadvertently renamed AaegOBP39. We prepared recombinant samples of AaegOBP1 by using an expression system that allows proper formation of disulfide bridges and generates functional OBPs, which are indistinguishable from native OBPs. We crystallized AaegOBP1 and determined its three-dimensional structure at 1.85 {angstrom} resolution by molecular replacement based on the structure of the malaria mosquito OBP, AgamOBP1, the only mosquito OBP structure known to date. The structure of AaegOBP1 (= AaegOBP39) shares the common fold of insect OBPs with six {alpha}-helices knitted by three disulfide bonds. A long molecule of polyethylene glycol (PEG) was built into the electron-density maps identified in a long tunnel formed by a crystallographic dimer of AaegOBP1. Circular dichroism analysis indicated that delipidated AaegOBP1 undergoes a pH-dependent conformational change, which may lead to release of odorant at low pH (as in the environment in the vicinity of odorant receptors). A C-terminal loop covers the binding cavity and this 'lid' may be opened by disruption of an array of acid-labile hydrogen bonds thus explaining reduced or no binding affinity at low pH.

N Leite; R Krogh; W Xu; Y Ishida; J Iulek; W Leal; G Oliva

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

The Global Hydrologic and Energy Cycles: Suggestions for Studies in the Pre-Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the importance of a quantitative understanding of the way in which water and energy are moved from place to place and from component to component of the earth's climate system, it is necessary to obtain reliable estimates of the hydrologic ...

J. L. Kinter; J. Shukla

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

magnitude larger than in star-forming galaxies. This all suggests a heating source other than stars and the AGN is the obvious  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and will thus be an important tool for unbiased surveys of metal-enriched H 2 gas around objects in the distant; ####### ## ###### NATURE VOL 409 4 JANUARY 2001 www.nature.com ## these observations have yielded gas/dust ratios much less of giant planet formation by rapid gas depletion around young stars. Nature 373, 494±496 (1995). 8. Dent, W

Zadelhoff, Gerd-Jan van

324

Suggested performance specifications of standard modular controls for the automation of small hydro electric facilities. [Plant capacities from 50 kW to 15 MW  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

These specifications are made available by the Department of Energy for the voluntary use by any person, corporation or governmental body in the writing of purchase specifications for the automatic control of small hydro generating stations, i.e., hydro plants ranging in size from 50 kW to 15 MW. It is believed that the use of these specifications will permit competition among capable vendors and, at the same time, assure proper and reliable operation of both the automation hardware and software purchased. The specifications are detailed to a degree which should assure the interchangeability of hardware and software from various suppliers. This also increases the likelihood that spare parts and service will be available for many years. The specifications are written in modules, each of which can be included or excluded for ease of editing to match a particular application. Brief but detailed instructions are included for such editing. An extensive appendix gives the alternatives which were considered and reasons for the various choices specified.

Beckwith, R.W.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secured as reported by UGA Career Center post-graduate survey) Aerospace Testing Health Physicist they react to collisions with each other and to electro- magnetic radiation, so it is at the base of all information or assistance. Possible Job Titles of Physics & Astronomy Graduates (*Jobs secured as reported

Arnold, Jonathan

326

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for establishing policy for resource management and environmental protection. Research Careers O*NET http consultant Energy engineer Mine Geologist* Engineering Technician Mining engineer Environmental scientist Environmental - http://www.ihireenvironmental.com/ American Geological Institute - http

Arnold, Jonathan

327

The information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students should develop during their graduate career. Some competencies overlap in more than one category. Depending on your field and your chosen career path, cert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Professionalism Professional ethics Goal and milestone planning Leadership of diverse teams Problem solving a collaborative environment. Ability to build relationships with others, establish rapport. Academic Development that are useful in multiple work environments. Ability to develop materials and utilize resources that will make

Crews, Stephen

328

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Occupational Outlook Handbook - http://www.bls.gov/oco (type in general term for career of interest) Alberta of NEGA Georgia Baptist Healthcare Southern Pipe and Supply Renda Broadcasting Teach for America

Arnold, Jonathan

329

Anaerobic fermentation of agricultural residues: potential for improvement and implementation. Twelfth quarter progress report, 16 March 1979-15 June 1979 and Addendum describing project activities, 16 June 1979-15 October 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Five different types of anaerobic fermentor reactor designs were operated, with the majority of effort focused on two full scale reactors (both about 35m/sup 3/), each designed to process the manure residues from up to 65 dairy cows. Three pilot units (5m/sup 3/ volume) are being operated to determine the limits of operation variables - temperature, labor inputs, mixing, and bedding composition. The low-cost full scale plug flow reactor has now been operated for more than one year, including the winter with the lowest temperature for the longest period recorded for the northern New York area. During the twelfth quarter the full scale plug flow and conventional control reactors were tested in parallel at new conditions of 15 days and 10 days HRT, 35/sup 0/C and 10 to 12% TS manure feed. Steady state results for the 15 day HRT condition once more indicated a more efficient solids conversion with the plug flow design (34.1% TVS destruction efficiency) than with the completely mixed full scale system (27.8% TVS destruction efficiency) when operated on dairy manure (13% TS) at 35/sup 0/C. No serious operational problems have been encountered with either full scale reactor during the twelfth quarter. Thermal data from the plug flow reactor has now been obtained for a full year cycle. The apparent overall efficiency of the boiler and reactor heating systems varied between 40 and 55%. In order to translate the temperature and operating data of the plug flow unit into a comprehensible energy balance, a computer model for the prediction of energy production and for the description of conducted heat losses and feed heating requirements was developed. Data analysis and the development of certain sections of the final report were given considerable attention throughout the twelfth quarter. The preparation of the farmer's feasibility manual was also initiated during this period.

Jewell, W.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyst Claims Adjuster Computer Programmer Computer Test Specialist Contract Administrator Cost Estimator, and presentation of data. Statisticians contribute to the design of surveys and experiments; collection, processing Equipment Colleges & Universities Defense Logistics Agency Defense Mapping Agency Employment & Training Adm

Arnold, Jonathan

331

been conducted to analyze the exchanger experimentally (Bose and Parker 1983; Bose et al. 1980, 1982). An analytical study of such heat exchangers, which uses a detailed mathematical model to describe their  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1982). An analytical study of such heat exchangers, which uses a detailed mathematical model-tube heat exchangers. Six 6-in (152-mm) wells were drilled at depths of 53, 60, 70, 80, 90, and 100 ft (16 exchanger and circulation pump, both cooling and heating SPFs would have been higher had a water-to-air unit

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

332

For the fourth year, UBC Reports has asked a handful of researchers to describe the next big thing that will change our world. Their predictions reveal that once-futuristic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Fuels · Carbon Sequestra.on Climate Measurement & Modeling If you Measurement and Detec.on Science And its special facili.es for: · Nanomaterials

Farrell, Anthony P.

333

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems and construction; lighting design; analysis, specification and estimation of materials Designer Occupancy Planner Office Manager Project Designer Project Manager Residential Designer Sales. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited

Arnold, Jonathan

334

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and environmental resource analysis and management. EEM majors are trained to understand and appreciate the economic in resource and environmental management, planning, and analysis. An EEM major is designed for individuals who. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited

Arnold, Jonathan

335

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stresses research and analysis to understand consumer behavior and then uses that analysis to design, price. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited lead to careers in market research, advertising, retail management, merchandising/buying, product

Arnold, Jonathan

336

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assistant General Manager Graphic Design Graphic Director Information Specialist Insurance Sales Marketing. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited Manufacturers of farm input supplies Market analysis firms Media companies National Pork Producers Council North

Arnold, Jonathan

337

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Science degree in Health and Physical Education qualifies a student to seek certification in health. Assc Intercollegiate Athl Oconee County Schools Peach Bowl Pinellas County Schools Rockdale County

Arnold, Jonathan

338

This information describes typical occupations and employment settings associated with this major. Understand some of these options may require additional training. Moreover, you are not limited to these options when choosing a possible career path.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Company Syngenta Crop Protection TruGreen Chem Lawn UAP Southeast Whole Mill Flour Production Wild Oats, Inc. Pew Charitable Trust Pioneer Hi-bred Progressive Insurance Purina Mills Rabo Agrifiance Sanderson

Arnold, Jonathan

339

Work described in this study was funded by the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in the Office of Power Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy, under  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy in the Office of Power Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Utility-Scale Renewable Energy Projects: A Survey of Clean Energy Fund Support By: Mark) renewable energy projects has proven to be popular among state clean energy funds. While other incentive

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

San Francisco Bay Area’s Spare the Air/Free Morning Commute Program: Program Effectiveness in Comparison to the Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles Area Strategy and Suggestions for Enhancing Ridership D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the National Capital Region. Washington, DC: MWCOG. pg “3-2”and Monitoring Appendix D: Washington, D.C. Air QualityImplementation Plan. ” Washington, D.C. : MWAQC. Pg. 7-66.

Joshua Widmann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Do Zero-Energy Solutions of Maxwell Equations Have the Physical Origin Suggested by A. E. Chubykalo? [Comment on the paper in Mod. Phys. Lett. A13 (1998) 2139-2146  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zero-energy solutions of Maxwell's equations have been discovered and re-discovered many times in this century. In this comment we show that the paper by A. E. Chubykalo (which, in fact, also comments on the recent papers) did not explain physical interpretation of this solution and it used doubtful (up-to-date) postulates. Different explanations of the considered problem are possible.

Valeri V. Dvoeglazov

1999-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

343

Radiological Worker Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 December 2008 Change Notice 2 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Worker Training U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 2 DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 Original Change Throughout Program Management Guide Instructor's Guide Student's Guide "Shall" and "Must" statements Program Management Instructor's Material Student's Material Reworded to non-mandatory language unless associated with a requirement document.

344

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 8920 of 28,905 results. 11 - 8920 of 28,905 results. Download DOE-HDBK-1139-2006 Chemical Management This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor managers in assessing chemical hazard management and is approved for use by all DOE Components and their contractors. Examples of best practices needed to institute high-quality chemical management within the context of a site's Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) are provided. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/doe-hdbk-1139-2006 Download DOE-HDBK-1113-98 Radiological Safety Training for Uranium Facilities Replaced by DOE-HDBK-1113-2008 With this memorandum and the attached table of changes, DOE-HDBK-1113-98 is considered to be ready for reissuing. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/doe-hdbk-1113-98

345

Radiological Safety Training for Accelerator Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1108-2002 May 2002 Reaffirmation with Change Notice 2 July 2013 DOE HANDBOOK RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY TRAINING FOR ACCELERATOR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change Notice No.2 Radiological Training for Accelerator Facilities Page/Section Change Throughout the document: Program Management Guide Instructor's Guide Student's Guide "Shall" and "Must" statements Revised to: Program Management Instructor's Material Student's Material Reworded to non-mandatory language unless associated with a requirement

346

Chemical Management, Volume 2 of 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2002 July 2002 DOE HANDBOOK CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT (Volume 2 of 3) U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2002 iii Foreword This non-mandatory Handbook is designed to assist Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor

347

Microsoft Word - g414.1-1BFinal9-27-07.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

All Departmental Elements Office of Health, Safety and Security DOE G 414.1-1B 9-27-07 Certified: 11-18-10 MANAGEMENT AND INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENTS GUIDE FOR USE WITH 10 CFR, Part 830, Subpart A, and DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance; DOE M 450.4-1, Integrated Safety Management System Manual; and DOE O 226.1A, Implementation of Department of Energy Oversight Policy [Guides can serve as reference sources for acceptable, non-mandatory implementation methods to satisfy requirements of Orders, Notices, and Manuals. NOTE: Guides do not establish requirements or constitute the basis for a finding of non-compliance with a specific requirement] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 414.1-1B i 9-27-07 CONTENTS

348

Radiological Worker Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 December 2008 Change Notice 2 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Worker Training U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 2 DOE-HDBK-1130-2008 Original Change Throughout Program Management Guide Instructor's Guide Student's Guide "Shall" and "Must" statements Program Management Instructor's Material Student's Material Reworded to non-mandatory language unless associated with a requirement document.

349

DOE-STD-1167-2003; Respiratory Acceptance Program for Supplied-Air Suits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1167-2003 OCTOBER 2003 DOE STANDARD THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RESPIRATORY ACCEPTANCE PROGRAM FOR SUPPLIED-AIR SUITS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. ii DOE-STD-1167-2003 FOREWORD This non-mandatory Technical Standard provides the Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor

350

Modification of the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) sytem of radiation protection requirements and guidance  

SciTech Connect

DOE has undertaken a major modification of its system of radiation protection guidance and requirements. The objectives of this modification are to (1) eliminate unnecessary and redundant requirements, (2) clearly delineate requirements from guidance, (3) codify all radiation protection requirements, and (4) move from a compliance based approach towards a performance based approach. To achieve these objectives DOE has (1) canceled DOE Order 5480.11, {open_quotes}Radiation Protection for DOE Workers,{close_quotes} DOE Order 5480.15, {open_quotes}Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP) for Personnel Dosimetry,{close_quotes} and DOE Notice 5400.13, {open_quotes}Sealed Radioactive Source Accountability,{close_quotes} (2) converted the DOE Radiological Control (RadCon) Manual from mandatory to non mandatory status, and (3) issued DOE Notice 441.1 to maintain those requirements (not in 10 CFR 835) considered necessary for radiation protection of workers. DOE has initiated actions to (1) amend 10 CFR 835 (the Federal rule on occupational radiation protection in the DOE complex) to incorporate the requirements, or their equivalent, in DOE Notice 441.1, (2) issue a technical standard containing guidance on DOELAP, (3) reissue the DOE RadCon Manual as a non mandatory technical standard that reflects the amendments to 10 CFR 835, and (4) revise the implementation guides on radiation protection for consistency with 10 CFR 835 and the RadCon Manual. As a result of these modifications, the system of radiation protection in the DOE will become more comparable with the system of radiation protection used by commercial industry and with the system of protection applied to other areas of worker health and safety.

O`Connell, P.V.; Rabovsky, J.L.; Zobel, S.G. [Department of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

This document describes how to provision Oracle WebLogic Server on Oracle Database Appliance releases 2.5 and 2.6.Oracle Database Appliance Using Oracle WebLogic Server on Oracle Database Appliance, Release 2.6 for Linux x86-64  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify, license, transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means. Reverse engineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for interoperability, is prohibited. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. If you find any errors, please report them to us in writing. If this is software or related documentation that is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing it on behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable: U.S. GOVERNMENT END USERS: Oracle programs, including any operating system, integrated software, any programs installed on the hardware, and/or documentation, delivered to U.S. Government end users are "commercial computer software " pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation of the programs, including any operating system, integrated software, any programs installed on

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

DOE G 413.3-5A, U.S. Department of Energy Performance Baseline Guide  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This guide identifies key PB elements, development processes, and practices; describes the context in which DOE PB development occurs; and suggests ways of ...

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

353

Security Metricsfor Process Control Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

document describes the foundations of metrics, discusses application of these metrics to control system environments, introduces a metrics taxonomy, and suggests usage of metrics...

354

Microsoft Word - g151.1-4Final7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 151.1-4 7-11-07 Response Elements Emergency Management Guide This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements...

355

Microsoft Word - g151.1-2Final7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 151.1-2 7-11-07 TECHNICAL PLANNING BASIS Emergency Management Guide This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not...

356

Microsoft Word - g151.1-1aFinal7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 151.1-1A 7-11-07 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT FUNDAMENTALS and the OPERATIONAL EMERGENCY BASE PROGRAM Emergency Management Guide This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory...

357

Microsoft Word - g151.1-3Final7-11-07.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Emergency Management DOE G 151.1-3 7-11-07 Programmatic Elements Emergency Management Guide This Guide describes suggested...

358

Representation, simulation and control of manufacturing process with different forms of uncertainties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper suggests a new methodology for effectively describing and analyzing manufacturing processes with uncertainties. Uncertain information in the form of variance and vagueness are captured using probability distribution and fuzzy logic. The captured ...

Hyunsoo Lee; Hongsuk Park; Amamath Banerjee

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The Wind-Driven Shelf and Slope Water Flow in Terms of a Local and a Remote Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clarke and Van Gorder suggest that many coastally trapped wave modes are needed to describe the wind-driven shelf and slope water alongshore velocity field. Calculations with an harmonic wind forcing confirm this and show that, for example, the ...

Manuel Lopez; Allan J. Clarke

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Regional Patterns of Sea Level Change Related to Interannual Variability and Multidecadal Trends in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some studies of ocean climate model experiments suggest that regional changes in dynamic sea level could provide a valuable indicator of trends in the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (MOC). This paper describes the use ...

K. Lorbacher; J. Dengg; C. W. Böning; A. Biastoch

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

RFI Well Integrity 06 JUL 1400  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This PowerPoint report entitled "Well Integrity During Shut - In Operations: DOE/DOI Analyses" describes risks and suggests risk management recommendations associated with shutting in the well.

362

Coping with Coyotes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coyotes are found throughout Texas. This publication describes their physical characteristics and behavior, as well as the signs that indicate coyote presence and damage to livestock. Suggestions on how to prevent damage are also given.

Rollins, Dale

1997-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

363

Gamma Size Distribution and Stochastic Sampling Errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A maximum likelihood approach to the application of the gamma size distribution is described and compared with the method of moments approach suggested by Ulbrich. Estimation of distribution parameters based on the maximum likelihood principle ...

Raymond K. W. Wong; Norman Chidambaram

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Sonar Observations of Langmuir Circulation and Estimation of Dispersion of Floating Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations are described of Langmuir circulation obtained using upward-pointing bottom-mounted sonars, and a methodology to use the data to estimate the dispersion of floating particles is suggested. Observations of linear bands of acoustic ...

S. A. Thorpe; M. S. Cure; A. Graham; A. J. Hall

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Dynamics of Wet and Dry Years in West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a theoretical framework for describing interannual climatic variability over West Africa. The dynamical theory of zonally symmetrical thermally direct circulations suggests that a meridional monsoon circulation must develop ...

Elfatih A. B. Eltahir; Cuiling Gong

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Dry Cask Storage Probabilistic Risk Assessment Scoping Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes and evaluates the current state of risk assessment methodologies applicable to dry cask storage probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and suggests appropriate approaches for performing the various aspects of a dry cask storage PRA.

2002-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

367

On the Height of the Tropopause and the Static Stability of the Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Speculative arguments are, presented that describe how radiative and dynamical constraints conspire to determine the height of the tropopause and the tropospheric static stability in midlatitudes and in the tropics. The arguments suggest an ...

Issac M. Held

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The FRL Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Frame Representation Language (FRL) is described. FRL is an adjunct to LISP which implements several representation techniques suggested by Minsky's [75] concept of a frame: defaults, constraints, inheritance, procedural ...

Roberts, R. Bruce

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

German noch so: scalar degree operator and negative polarity item  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a puzzle introduced by German noch so, a degree operator and Negative Polarity Item. Noch so sentences allow for paraphrases containing a scalar particle (like even), suggesting that its polarity sensitivity can receive an analysis ...

Bernhard Schwarz

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Dark Energy Paradigm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though the concept of a dark energy driven accelerating universe was introduced by the author in 1997, to date dark energy itself, as described below has remained a paradigm. A model for the cosmological constant is suggested.

Burra G. Sidharth

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

371

Marine Stratocumulus Layers. Part 1: Mean Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean radiational, dynamical and thermodynamical structure of the marine stratocumulus-topped mixed layers of the California coast is described for two days in June 1976 using data from the NCAR Electra aircraft. We suggest that the synoptic ...

R. A. Brost; D. H. Lenschow; J. C. Wyngaard

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

On the Hydrography of Shelf Waters off the Central Texas Gulf Coast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature and salinity data from 1976 and 1977 are used to describe low-frequency hydrographic variations in Gulf of Mexico shelf waters off the central Texas coast. Data from 23 approximately monthly cruises define the annual cycle and suggest ...

Ned P. Smith

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

On the Security of the Y-00 (AlphaEta) Direct Encryption Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the current status of the AlphaEta direct encryption protocol. After describing AlphaEta, we summarize the main security claims made on it. We then describe recent attacks developed against it in the literature, and suggest security enhancements and future research directions based on our results.

Ranjith Nair; Horace P. Yuen

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

374

Doing business with PEMEX: an information al guide for the US business community interested in selling to Petroleos Mexicanos. [Monograph  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Commerce offers this booklet as an aid to US companies selling technology and equipment to Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), an expanding government-owned company. The information describes PEMEX management, its business procedures, and future purchasing plans. It offers travel suggestions and suggests organizations able to assist visiting businessmen. 2 tables. (DCK)

Tower, F.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Cooling your home naturally  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes some alternatives to air conditioning which are common sense suggestions and low-cost retrofit options to cool a house. It first describes how to reflect heat away from roofs, walls, and windows. Blocking heat by using insulation or shading are described. The publication then discusses removing built-up heat, reducing heat-generating sources, and saving energy by selecting energy efficient retrofit appliances. A resource list is provided for further information.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Data:8d1b761c-febd-4455-818b-db67050e920a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b761c-febd-4455-818b-db67050e920a b761c-febd-4455-818b-db67050e920a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Connecticut Light & Power Co Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE 41 LARGE CHURCH AND SCHOOL ELECTRIC SERVICE (Distributional Service) Sector: Commercial Description: APPLICABLE to the electrical requirements of full requirement churches and tax exempt schools where the customer's maximum demand equaled or exceeded 350 kW at any time after December 31, 1985 and where service is delivered at one point and at one standard voltage through one installation of transformers supplied by the Company. Service will be metered at one point by one installation of meters. The meter location will be determined by the Company. Where the Company deems it impractical to deliver electricity through one service, or where more than one meter has been installed for billing under a withdrawn rate, then the measurement of electricity may be by two or more meters. This rate is available only to customers receiving service on this rate or on Rate 40 as of the effective date hereof. However, a customer on this rate whose maximum demand does not exceed 350 kW for 12 consecutive months, or whose prospective maximum demand is reduced beneath 350 kW due to demonstrable conservation and load management measures, may elect to take service under Rate 40 or any other applicable non-mandatory general service rate.

377

Pollution Control Guidance for Geothermal Energy Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the EPA regulatory approach toward geothermal energy development. The state of knowledge is described with respect to the constituents of geothermal effluents and emissions, including water, air, solid wastes, and noise. Pollutant effects are discussed. Pollution control technologies that may be applicable are described along with preliminary cost estimates for their application. Finally discharge and emission limitations are suggested that may serve as interim guidance for pollution control during early geothermal development.

Hartley, Robert P.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Excitonic gap, phase transition, and quantum Hall effect in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest that physics underlying the recently observed removal of sublattice and spin degeneracies in graphene in a strong magnetic field describes a phase transition connected with the generation of an excitonic gap. The experimental form of the Hall conductivity is reproduced and the main characteristics of the dynamics are described. Predictions of the behavior of the gap as a function of temperature and a gate voltage are made.

V. P. Gusynin; V. A. Miransky; S. G. Sharapov; I. A. Shovkovy

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

379

Grid Modeling for the SunShot Vision Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes the use of production cost modeling in the SunShot Vision study, including methods used to create the SunShot Vision scenarios, their implementation in the Gridview model, and assumptions regarding transmission system and operation of each generator type. It also describes challenges and limitations of modeling solar generation technologies in production cost models, and suggests methods for improving their representation in current models.

Brinkman, G.; Denholm, P.; Drury, E.; Ela, E.; Mai, T.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The three dimensional X-ray diffraction technique  

SciTech Connect

This introductory tutorial describes the so called 3 dimensional X-ray diffraction (3DXRD) technique, which allows bulk non-destructive structural characterizations of crystalline materials. The motivations and history behind the development of this technique are described and its potentials are sketched. Examples of the use of the technique are given and future trends and developments are suggested. The primary aim of the paper is to give 3DXRD novices an easy introduction to the technique and to describe a way from a dream to reality and new results.

Jensen, D. Juul; Poulsen, H.F. (Denmark)

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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381

Handbook for the marketing of conservation and solar-energy programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A process-oriented approach is described for encouraging community level energy conservation and planning programs. The approach is designed to augment existing energy programs by focusing on the major barriers to changing current energy-related behavior and attitudes. A variety of concepts, tools and techniques which can be used to overcome these barriers are described. Suggestions are offered on how to design community energy campaign based on the concepts, tools and techniques described. Some brief case studies are provided as examples. (LEW)

Mick, C K; Callahan, D

1980-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy stability analysis for a hybrid fluid-kinetic plasma model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In plasma physics, a hybrid fluid-kinetic model is composed of a magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) part that describes a bulk fluid component and a Vlasov kinetic theory part that describes an energetic plasma component. While most hybrid models in the plasma literature are non-Hamiltonian, this paper investigates a recent Hamiltonian variant in its two-dimensional configuration. The corresponding Hamiltonian structure is described along with its Casimir invariants. Then, the energy-Casimir method is used to derive explicit sufficient stability conditions, which imply a stable spectrum and suggest nonlinear stability.

Philip J. Morrison; Emanuele Tassi; Cesare Tronci

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

383

What's smart about the smart grid?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper explores the meaning of smart grid, concluding that the term is closely linked with enhanced sensing, actuation and control of power systems. It is suggested that such cyber-physical systems would be more meaningfully described as responsive ... Keywords: cyber-physical systems, electricity grid, power systems

Ian A. Hiskens

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Potential Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Savings in the John Sealy South Building at UTMB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Group was requested by UTMB to investigate O&M measures in their five LoanSTAR program buildings. This report describes the suggested O&M measures in John Sealy South Building, an out-patient building of 373,000 ft2, currently costs $990,000 per year on electricity, steam and chilled water.

Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Reddy, T. A.; Houcek, J. K.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: · Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO) The SOPO must address how the project objectives will be met. It must and follow the requirements in the template. In the SOPO, describe the technical merit of the proposed to modification during award negotiations. For a suggested format, please refer to form PMC 134.1 (SOPO template

Wurtman, Richard

386

A new boson-fermion model of superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the superconducting energy gap necessarily lead to the disappearance of some quasi-electrons, thus we suggest a new boson-fermion Hamiltonian to describe superconductivity. The new supercurrent equations are derived with this Hamiltonian. Some new results can be found besides the zero resistance effect, the Meissner effect and the magnetic flux quantum can be explained.

Tian De Cao

2010-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

387

Exact cosmological solutions of models with an interacting dark sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the First Order Formalism for cosmological models, developed including an interaction between a fermionic and a scalar field. Cosmological exact solutions, describing universes filled with interacting dark energy and dark matter, have been obtained. We suggest some alternative couplings that yield solutions for the scalar field that could model the present expansion of our universe.

Pavan, A B; Micheletti, S; Ferreira, E G M; de Souza, J C C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Internet requests for comments (RFCs) as scholarly publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note describes the various peer review processes applied to Internet Requests for Comments (RFCs) over a number of years, and suggests that these have been up to normal scholarly standards since at least 1992. The authors believe that these documents ... Keywords: request for comments, rfc

Brian E. Carpenter; Craig Partridge

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Supporting multi-criteria decisions based on a hierarchical structure by taking advantage of acquired knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach to decision making is described. It combines a knowledge acquisition technique, a multi-attribute decision making technique, a validation technique and a machine learning algorithm. The suggested system is an extension of a ... Keywords: E-commerce assistant, Hierarchical decision support systems, Knowledge driven decision support systems, Product search assistant

J. J. Castro-Schez; R. Miguel; V. Herrera; J. A. Albusac

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Investigations of Ubicomp in the oil and gas industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a use context for ubicomp technology seldom investigated: the industrial setting, and in particular, the oil and gas industry. We suggest that the field offers interesting challenges to the ubicomp field and briefly outline ... Keywords: industrial, oil and gas, ubiquitous computing

Clint Heyer

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Modeling, Design and Construction of Articulated Hand for Use in Prosthetics, with Adaptive Control in Neural Networks Based on Mathematical Model for Finger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Articulated hand model was designed and built by CAD-CAM software, analyzed by finite element in the structure; the hand was made for a 3D printer in a first time, the construction of each finger suggested a mathematical model that describes the Inertia ... Keywords: Prosthetics, Adaptive Control by Neural Networks, Myoelectric Signal, Mathematical Model of 3G

Emilio Soto; Oscar Baez; Sergio Sosa

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Learning Agent that Assists the Browsing of Software Libraries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract¿Locating software items is difficult, even for knowledgeable software designers, when searching in large, complex, and continuously growing libraries. This paper describes a technique we term active browsing. An active browser suggests to the ... Keywords: Software reuse, searching software libraries, learning agents, simulated human users, active browsing.

Christopher G. Drummond; Dan Ionescu; Robert C. Holte

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Extensible/Rule Based Query Rewrite Optimization in Starburst Hamid Pirahesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@cs.berkeley.edu, hasan@hpl.hp.com Abstract This paper describes the Query Rewrite facility of the Starburst extensible, suggesting that Query Rewrite in general --- and these rewrite rules in particular --- are an essential step during Query Rewrite. Although it is accepted doctrine that query languages should be declarative, we

Hellerstein, Joseph M.

394

HEART AND GILL VENTILATORY ACTMlY IN THE LOBSTER. HOMARUS AMERICANUS. AT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTES HEART AND GILL VENTILATORY ACTMlY IN THE LOBSTER. HOMARUS AMERICANUS. AT VARIOUS TEMPERATURES Heart rate and gill ventilatory activity have been suggested as useful measures ofthe physiological have described altered ventilatory and heart rates in response to such variables as temperature

395

Full length Article: A generic controller architecture for intelligent robotic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a research program to develop a novel reference architecture and design philosophy for an advanced robot controller for a new generation of robots. It is suggested that a new approach to robot controller design is required in order ... Keywords: Controller architectures, Force control, Intelligent control, Robotics

Michael Short; Kevin Burn

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Supporting research collaboration through bi-level file synchronization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the design and use of Cimetric, a file synchronization application that supports scholarly collaboration. The system design incorporates results of earlier studies that suggest replicating content on a user's personal devices ... Keywords: cloud storage, file synchronization, scholarly collaboration

Catherine C. Marshall; Ted Wobber; Venugopalan Ramasubramanian; Douglas B. Terry

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

WASC Standard 3. Developing and Applying Resources and Organizational Structures to Ensure Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ WASC Essay 3 5 research centers. These proposals suggest a creative use of existing and new resources our culture of diversity, creativity and discovery". Stressing her strong endorsement of the Academic, and the world. In this essay we first describe this current planning process and highlight the collective

California at Santa Cruz, University of

398

Prevention of PCDD/PCDF Formation by Coal Co-Firing K. Raghunathan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. Prevention of PCDD/PCDF Formation by Coal Co-Firing K. Raghunathan Acurex Environmental, and suggested co-firing high-sulfur coal with refuse-derived fuel (RDF) to reduce the emissions. This work describes research in a large scale combustor which shows that coal/RDF co-firing can significantly lower

Columbia University

399

Parameter study for a central-receiver power station  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The interactions between alignment and focusing strategies and heliostat errors are described and illustrated. Some descriptions of astigmatic aberrations are developed and are used to suggest an evaluation criterion for concentrators. Finally, an analysis of measurements for evaluating heliostat reflectors is given.

Biggs, F.; Vittitoe, C.N.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Convergence acceleration operator for multiobjective optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A convergence acceleration operator (CAO) is described which enhances the search capability and the speed of convergence of the host multiobjective optimization algorithm. The operator acts directly in the objective space to suggest improvements to solutions ... Keywords: evolutionary multiobjective optimization, neural networks

Salem F. Adra; Tony J. Dodd; Ian A. Griffin; Peter J. Fleming

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging Rozalyn M. Anderson1,2,3 and Richard) without malnutrition slows the aging process and extends lifespan in diverse species by unknown mechanisms of aging retardation. We herein describe common signatures of CR and suggest how they can slow aging. We

Sheridan, Jennifer

402

New Approaches to Managing Transmission Project Risk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the growing risks associated with transmission development and the importance of managing or hedging these risks. It presents case studies to illustrate the risks and categorizes approaches to managing them. It describes two EPRI tools that may be useful in managing transmission development risks, suggests how these tools might be further developed, and identifies other useful areas of research.

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Fast Crystals and Strong Glasses  

SciTech Connect

This talk describes new results on model colloid systems that provide insight into the behavior of fundamental problems in colloid physics, and more generally, for other materials as well. By visualizing the nucleation and growth of colloid crystals, we find that the incipient crystallites are much more disordered than expected, leading to a larger diversity of crystal morphologies. When the entropic contribution of these diverse morphologies is included in the free energy, we are able to describe the behavior very well, and can predict the nucleation rate surprisingly accurately. The talk also describes the glass transition in deformable colloidal particles, and will show that when the internal elasticity of the particles is included, the colloidal glass transition mimics that of molecular glass formers much more completely. These results also suggest that the elasticity at the scale of the fundamental unit, either colloid particle or molecule, determines the nature of the glass transition, as described by the "fragility."

Weitz, David [Harvard

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

404

Thermoplastic deformation of silicon surfaces induced by ultrashort pulsed lasers in submelting conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid theoretical model is presented to describe thermoplastic deformation effects on silicon surfaces induced by single and multiple ultrashort pulsed laser irradiation in submelting conditions. An approximation of the Boltzmann transport equation is adopted to describe the laser irradiation process. The evolution of the induced deformation field is described initially by adopting the differential equations of dynamic thermoelasticity while the onset of plastic yielding is described by the von Mises stress. Details of the resulting picometre sized crater, produced by irradiation with a single pulse, are discussed as a function of the imposed conditions and thresholds for the onset of plasticity are computed. Irradiation with multiple pulses leads to ripple formation of nanometre size that originates from the interference of the incident and a surface scattered wave. It is suggested that ultrafast laser induced surface modification in semiconductors is feasible in submelting conditions, and it may act as a precursor of the incubation effects observed at multiple pulse irradiation of materials surfaces.

Tsibidis, G. D. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL), Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), N. Plastira 100, Vassilika Vouton, 70013, Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Stratakis, E. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL), Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), N. Plastira 100, Vassilika Vouton, 70013, Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, 710 03 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Aifantis, K. E. [Laboratory of Mechanics and Materials, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54006 Thessaloniki (Greece)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

User's guide for revised SPEC-4 neutron spectrum unfolding code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SPEC-4 computer code was developed in the United Kingdom to solve the spectrum unfolding problem for spherical gas-filled proton-recoil neutron spectrometers. This report describes the ORNL version of SPEC-4 which has been applied to the analysis of data from the Tower Shielding Facility. Recent modifications are described which largely pertain to the graphical output routines. In addition, the input requirements are presented in considerable detail including suggestions and recommendations based on actual operating experience. Finally, auxiliary programs are discussed which can aid the SPEC-4 user.

Johnson, J.O.; Ingersoll, D.T.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Implications of office building thermal mass and multi-day temperature profiles for cooling strategies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a study of the cooling energy requirements that result from thermal storage in building mass, and suggests methods for predicting and controlling its energy cost implications. The study relies on computer simulations of energy use for a large office building prototype in El Paso, TX using the DOE-2 building energy analysis program. Increased Monday cooling energy requirements resulting from the weekend shut-down of HVAC systems are documented. Predictors of energy use and peak demands, which account for thermal storage in building mass, are described. Load-shifting, sub-cooling and pre-cooling equipment operating strategies are evaluated with explicit reference to utility rate schedules.

Eto, J.H.; Powell, G.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Preliminary analysis of patent trends for sodium/sulfur battery technology  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes development trends in sodium/sulfur battery technology based on data from US patents. Purpose of the study was to use the activity, timing and ownership of 285 US patents to identify and describe broad patterns of change in sodium/sulfur battery technology. The analysis was conducted using newly developed statistical and computer graphic techniques for describing technology development trends from patent data. This analysis suggests that for some technologies trends in patent data provide useful information for public and private R and D planning.

Triplett, M.B.; Winter, C.; Ashton, W.B.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A diffusion theory model for optimization calculations of cold neutron sources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This summary describes a simple two-group diffusion model of an infinite slab, liquid deuterium (LD/sub 2/) cold source. The simplicity of the model permits us to obtain an analytical solution from which we can deduce the reason for the optimum thickness based solely on diffusion type phenomena. Also, a second more sophisticated model is described, and the results compared to a deterministic transport calculation. The good (particularly qualitative) agreement between the results suggests that diffusion theory methods can be used in parametric and optimization studies in order to avoid the generally more expensive transport calculations. 5 refs., 1 fig.

Azmy, Y.Y.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

RCS program evaluation plan options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Residential Conservation Service (RCS) Program evaluation plan is designed to provide an ongoing evaluation during the RCS Program's active period as well as a measurement of the RCS Program's cumulative effect after the program's termination. The study options described include utility case studies, random survey sampling, directed survey sampling, and remote data collection. Survey techniques are described and appropriate questions are suggested. Several sample selection criteria are included as background for a DOE policy decision on this issue. Present and anticipated data sources are listed and discussed. Statistical data analysis plans include a preliminary determination of required sample sizes.

Stovall, T.K.; Bayne, C.K.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Risk equivalent of exposure versus dose of radiation  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a risk analysis study of low-dose irradiation and the resulting biological effects on a cell. The author describes fundamental differences between the effects of high-level exposure (HLE) and low-level exposure (LLE). He stresses that the concept of absorbed dose to an organ is not a dose but a level of effect produced by a particular number of particles. He discusses the confusion between a linear-proportional representation of dose limits and a threshold-curvilinear representation, suggesting that a LLE is a composite of both systems. (TEM)

Bond, V.P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dictionary Selection using Partial Matching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work concerns the search for text compressors that compress better than existing dictionary coders, but run faster than statistical coders. We describe a new method for text compression using multiple dictionaries, one for each context of preceeding characters, where the contexts have varying lengths. The context to be used is determined using an escape mechanism similar to that of PPM methods. We describe modifications of three popular dictionary coders along these lines and experiments evaluating their effectiveness using the text files in the Calgary corpus. Our results suggest that modifying LZ77, LZFG, and LZW along these lines yields improvements in compression of about 3%, 6%, and 15%, respectively.

Dzung T. Hoang; Philip M. Long; Jeffrey Scott Vitter

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Neutron Exposure Parameters for the Dosimetry Capsule in the Heavy-Section Steel Irradiation Program Tenth Irradiation Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the computational methodology for the least-squares adjustment of the dosimetry data from the HSSI 10.OD dosimetry capsule with neutronics calculations. It presents exposure rates at each dosimetry location for the neutron fluence greater than 1.0 MeV, fluence greater than 0.1 MeV, and displacements per atom. Exposure parameter distributions are also described in terms of three- dimensional fitting functions. When fitting functions are used it is suggested that an uncertainty of 6% (1 o) should be associated with the exposure rate values. The specific activity of each dosimeter at the end of irradiation is listed in the Appendix.

C.A. Baldwin; F.B.K. Kam; I. Remec

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect

As American drinking water agencies face higher production costs, demand, and energy prices, they seek opportunities to reduce costs without negatively affecting the quality of the water they deliver. This guide describes resources for cost-effectively improving the energy efficiency of U.S. public drinking water facilities. The guide (1) describes areas of opportunity for improving energy efficiency in drinking water facilities; (2) provides detailed descriptions of resources to consult for each area of opportunity; (3) offers supplementary suggestions and information for the area; and (4) presents illustrative case studies, including analysis of cost-effectiveness.

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich; Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Brown, Rich

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

Peristaltic pumps work in nano scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A design for a pump is suggested which is based on well-known peristaltic pumps. In order to simply describe the operation of the proposed pump, an innovative interpretation of low Reynolds number swimmers is presented and thereafter a similar theoretical model would be suggested to quantify the behavior of the pumps. A coarse-grained molecular dynamic simulation is used to examine the theoretical predictions and measure the efficiency of the pump in nano scales. It is shown that this pump with a modest design is capable of being a good option for transport processes in nano scale.

Farnoush Farahpour; Mohammad Reza Ejtehadi

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

Electricity from biomass: An environmental review and strategy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an environmental assessment and strategy for the US Department of Energy Biomass Power Program. The regulatory context and the environmental impact of biomass power technologies are described, and an environmental plan for the program is suggested. The plan suggest a proactive, synergistic approach, involving multiple parties with a stake in the successful commercialization of a biomass power industry. These parties include feedstock growers, state regulators. Forest Service and agricultural agents, utilities and independent power producers, rural electric cooperatives, and environmental activists.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Residential solar heating at no cost to the homeowner  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a method making solar heating economically desireable by choosing the types of systems and levels of fuel savings that permit a well-designed simple system to be installed with no cash outlay on the part of the homeowner and no increase in the cash flow experienced. In some cases, the cash flow may actually be reduced. The method assists installers in determining where efforts can most profitably be placed and suggests that they are a part of the overall financing scheme, since they can frequently locate the proper lending agency to finance the projects. Limited experience has already shown the methods herein described to be useful. Solar heating should increase in importance as more installers employ the suggested methods of selecting installations and of financing them.

Newton, A.B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Assessment of Low Pressure Turbine Exhaust System Improvements at Mayo Generating Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes extensive analyses and tests conducted on Carolina Power and Light's (CP&L's) Mayo Generating Station low pressure turbines to investigate the possibility of achieving heat rate reductions through modification to the turbine exhaust hood. Field results showed slightly less exhaust loss than anticipated from the manufacturer's thermal kit data, suggesting less potential for gains derived from hood improvements. Analytical work with computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models supported t...

1998-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

ReaderCentric writing for the prosumer marketplace: proposing a new, content-based information architecture model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As usability experts describe the appropriate models for writing in digital, they consistently express the need to write in a user-centric format. While I agree with the importance of efficient navigation in Web content, I suggest that user-centric writing ... Keywords: information architecture, marketing writing, persuasion-centric writing, prosumer, quality-centric writing, reader-centric writing, user-experience analysis

David E. Hailey, Jr.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Arbitrary accuracy iterative phase estimation algorithm as a two qubit benchmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the implementation of an iterative quantum phase estimation algorithm, with a single ancillary qubit. We suggest using this algorithm as a benchmark for multi-qubit implementations. Furthermore we describe in detail the smallest possible realization, using only two qubits, and exemplify with a superconducting circuit. We discuss the robustness of the algorithm in the presence of gate errors, and show that 7 bits of precision is obtainable, even with very limited gate accuracies.

M. Dobsicek; G. Johansson; V. S. Shumeiko; G. Wendin

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

420

A diffusion limit for a test particle in a random distribution of scatterers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a point particle moving in a random distribution of obstacles described by a potential barrier. We show that, in a weak-coupling regime, under a diffusion limit suggested by the potential itself, the probability distribution of the particle converges to the solution of the heat equation. The diffusion coefficient is given by the Green-Kubo formula associated to the generator of the diffusion process dictated by the linear Landau equation.

Giada Basile; Alessia Nota; Mario Pulvirenti

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Geothermal-resource verification for Air Force bases  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the various types of geothermal energy reviews some legal uncertainties of the resource and then describes a methodology to evaluate geothermal resources for applications to US Air Force bases. Estimates suggest that exploration costs will be $50,000 to $300,000, which, if favorable, would lead to drilling a $500,000 exploration well. Successful identification and development of a geothermal resource could provide all base, fixed system needs with an inexpensive, renewable energy source.

Grant, P.R. Jr.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Use of Timed Efficient Stream Loss-Tolerant Authentication (TESLA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards " (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This memo describes the use of the Timed Efficient Stream Losstolerant Authentication (RFC 4082) transform within the Secure Realtime Transport Protocol (SRTP), to provide data origin authentication

M. Baugher; E. Carrara

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Power-law Spatial Dispersion from Fractional Liouville Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

Vasily E. Tarasov

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

424

The application of satellite time references to HVDC fault location  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An HVdc fault location scheme is described which relies on very precise detection of the time of arrival of fault created surges at both ends of the line. Such detection is achieved by a very accurate data acquisition and processing system combined with the time reference signals provided by a global positioning system receiver. Extensive digital simulation is carried out to determine the voltage and current waveforms, to identify the main sources of error and suggest possible compensation techniques.

Dewe, M.B.; Sankar, S.; Arrillaga, J. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A method to rescale experimental data with dependence on $Q^2$ for DVCS process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the procedure for rescaling the DVCS cross section data collected with different invariant mass, $W$, of the virtual photon - proton system. We suggest a method which makes the rescaling more functional to conduct statistical analysis on overall data. The study can be applied to rescale data collected with different photon virtuality $Q^2$. Also we show a dependence on $Q^2$ for the $\\delta$ parameter, that is used to describe the cross section as a function of $W$.

Giacinto Ciappetta

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

426

Telemedicine system interoperability architecture: concept description and architecture overview.  

SciTech Connect

In order for telemedicine to realize the vision of anywhere, anytime access to care, it must address the question of how to create a fully interoperable infrastructure. This paper describes the reasons for pursuing interoperability, outlines operational requirements that any interoperability approach needs to consider, proposes an abstract architecture for meeting these needs, identifies candidate technologies that might be used for rendering this architecture, and suggests a path forward that the telemedicine community might follow.

Craft, Richard Layne, II

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

What's In My Water?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

You can learn about the quality of your water by sending a sample to a laboratory for analysis. This publication will help you understand the lab report by explaining the properties, components and contaminants often found in water. It describes the sources of water contaminants, problems that can be caused by those contaminants, suggestions for correcting problems, and the safe levels of each contaminant in water for household use, for irrigation and for livestock.

Provin, Tony; Pitt, John L.

2003-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology's (AAAAI’s) Aeroallergen Network, the National Allergy Bureau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This indicator describes trends in the annual length of pollen season for ragweed (Ambrosia species) at ten North American sites from 1995 to 2011. Ragweed season begins with the shift to shorter daylight after the summer solstice, and it ends in response to cold weather in the fall (i.e., first frost). These constraints suggest that the length of ragweed pollen season is sensitive to climate change by way of changes to fall temperatures.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Description of the FCUP code used to compute currents due to recoil protons from CH/sub 2/ foils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computer code, FCUP, was developed at EG and G during the period from 1973 to the present to compute proton currents produced by a time- and energy-dependent neutron flux striking a CH/sub 2/ foil and knocking protons into a detector placed at an angle with respect to the target foil and the neutron beam. This report describes the methods of calculation used and the physical assumptions and limitations involved and suggests possibilities for improving the calculations.

Stelts, M.L.; Glasgow, D.W.; Wood, B.E.; Craft, A.D.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Preliminary results from the application of automated code generation to CFL3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes preliminary results obtained using an automated adjoint code generator for Fortran to augment a widely-used computational fluid dynamics flow solver to compute derivatives. These preliminary results with this augmented code suggest that, even in its infancy, the automated adjoint code generator can accurately and efficiently deliver derivatives for use in transonic Euler-based aerodynamic shape optimization problems with hundreds to thousands of independent design variables.

Alan Carle; Mike Fagan; Lawrence L. Green

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Handbook for Evaluating Critical Digital Equipment and Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power plants are increasingly upgrading their instrumentation and control (IC) systems, replacing aging and obsolete analog equipment with software-based digital systems. For applications that are critical to safety or plant operability, utilities need to have high confidence that these new digital systems are sufficiently dependable that they will not degrade safety or plant reliability. This handbook suggests and describes in detail a critical digital review (CDR) technique that examines the design of ...

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Notes on the freezing of simple substances  

SciTech Connect

Experimental data on the freezing of argon and the helium isotopes at high pressures are analyzed. It is found that attractive forces in argon can be adequately described by the van der Waals mean field theory. An analogous approximation may also be applicable to helium, but this cannot be established conclusively because of quantum effects. However, an analysis of experimental results on the freezing of helium intuitively suggests that the solid-phase stability region is enlarged by quantum effects.

Stishov, S. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for High-Pressure Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: sergei@hppi.troitsk.ru

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

New directions for QA in basic research: The Fermilab/DOE-CH experience  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the underlying problems involved in developing institution-wide QA programs at DOE funded basic research facilities, and suggests concrete ways in which QA professionals and basic researchers can find common ground in describing and analyzing those activities to the satisfaction of both communities. The paper is designed to be a springboard into workshop discussions which can define a path for developing institution-wide QA programs based on the experience gained with DOE-CH and Fermilab.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Continuous two-wave lasing in microchip Nd : YAG lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simultaneous two-wave lasing was obtained in microchip end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers at the wavelengths of 1061.5 and 1064.17 nm at room temperature. Laser wave intensities were studied as functions of crystal temperature and pump power. The ranges of parameters were determined in which the two-wave lasing occurs and the reasons for such lasing were established. A model is suggested, which adequately describes the experimental results obtained. (control of radiation parameters)

Ievlev, Ivan V; Koryukin, Igor' V; Lebedeva, Yu S; Khandokhin, Pavel A [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

435

Surface spontaneous parametric down-conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface spontaneous parametric down-conversion is predicted as a consequence of continuity requirements for electric- and magnetic-field amplitudes at a discontinuity of chi2 nonlinearity. A generalization of the usual two-photon spectral amplitude is suggested to describe this effect. Examples of nonlinear layered structures and periodically-poled nonlinear crystals show that surface contributions to spontaneous down-conversion can be important.

Jan Perina Jr; Antonin Luks; Ondrej Haderka; Michael Scalora

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

436

Performance and measurements of the Fermilab Booster  

SciTech Connect

We will describe measurements of the beam in the Fermilab Booster during the first five milliseconds. Most of the particle losses in the Booster are over after the first few milliseconds. At high intensity of 4 x 10{sup 12} the transmission is 75%. Such high beam loss can be a limiting factor for future high repetition rate operation of the Booster. The evidence, although indirect, suggests that the losses are the result of incoherent space-charge effects at low energy.

Popovic, M.; Akenbrandt, C.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Energy plantations in the Republic of the Philippines. Forest Service research paper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development and management of plantations to support wood-energy programs have been aggressively promoted in the Philippines since 1979. Over 60,000 hectares of energy plantations have been planted under government-supported programs. The paper documents the problems and accomplishments of these programs and describes plantation establishment, maintenance, protection, growth and yield, harvesting, and wood transport. Research priorities for improving energy-farm operations are also suggested.

Durst, P.B.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Preliminary results on the empirical applicability of the Tsallis distribution in elastic hadron scattering  

SciTech Connect

We show that the proton-proton elastic differential cross section data at dip position and beyond can be quite well described by a parametrization based on the Tsallis distribution, with only five free fit parameters. Extrapolation of the results obtained at 7 TeV to large momentum transfer, suggests that hadrons may not behave as a black-disk at the asymptotic energy region.

Fagundes, D. A.; Menon, M. J.; Silva, P. V. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP 13083-859 Campinas, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

439

Variable pressure supercritical Rankine cycle for integrated natural gas and power production from the geopressured geothermal resource  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A small-scale power plant cycle that utilizes both a variable pressure vaporizer (heater) and a floating pressure (and temperature) air-cooled condenser is described. Further, it defends this choice on the basis of classical thermodynamics and minimum capital cost by supporting these conclusions with actual comparative examples. The application suggested is for the geopressured geothermal resource. The arguments cited in this application apply to any process (petrochemical, nuclear, etc.) involving waste heat recovery.

Goldsberry, F.L.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

NUCLEAR FISSION CHAIN REACTING SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The patent describes a reactor consisting of a plurality of tubes passing through a body of heavy water or graphite, a heat exchanger, means for flowing UF/sub 6/ through the tubes and the heat exchangar, and means for bleeding off some of the UF/sub 6/ and separating plutonium therefrom. A specific suggestion contained is that the amount of the UF/sub 6/ outside the reaction unit be a multiple of that within it.

Anderson, H.L.; Brown, H.S.

1961-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Learning about saving energy  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet for use in primary and junior high school classes describes what energy is, how people use energy, and how energy can be conserved. This last section lists ways to save energy in heating and cooling, electric appliances, automobiles, and in manufacturing. A list of activities are suggested and resources for further information, both groups and books, are listed. A glossary is also included.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Compression of ground-motion data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground motion data has been recorded for many years at Nevada Test Site and is now stored on thousands of digital tapes. The recording format is very inefficient in terms of space on tape. This report outlines a method to compress the data onto a few hundred tapes while maintaining the accuracy of the recording and allowing restoration of any file to the original format for future use. For future digitizing a more efficient format is described and suggested.

Long, J.W.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nonlinearity sensing via photon-statistics excitation spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

We propose photon-statistics excitation spectroscopy as an adequate tool to describe the optical response of a nonlinear system. To this end we suggest to use optical excitation with varying photon statistics as another spectroscopic degree of freedom to gather information about the system in question. The responses of several simple model systems to excitation beams with different photon statistics are discussed. Possible spectroscopic applications in terms of identifying lasing operation are pointed out.

Assmann, Marc; Bayer, Manfred [Experimentelle Physik 2, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

On mass and velocity distributions in members of star clusters An analytical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical evolution of stellar mass distribution in star clusters is analysed by considering simultaneously the effects of dynamical friction, stochastic heating and the gravitational potential due to mass distribution in the clusters. A simple expression is suggested for the dynamical friction which adequately describes it in both high and low velocity ranges and the effect of mass distribution in the cluster on the dynamics of a test mass can be described by an anharmonic potential. With the help of energy considerations we describe the dispersions in position and in velocity for stars of different masses showing how the slowing down and mass segregation of stars evolve in the cluster. Results are presented with the parameters for the star clusters of our Galaxy.

Chatterjee, S; Sagar, R; Kumar, Brijesh; Sagar, Ram

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

On mass and velocity distributions in members of star clusters : An analytical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamical evolution of stellar mass distribution in star clusters is analysed by considering simultaneously the effects of dynamical friction, stochastic heating and the gravitational potential due to mass distribution in the clusters. A simple expression is suggested for the dynamical friction which adequately describes it in both high and low velocity ranges and the effect of mass distribution in the cluster on the dynamics of a test mass can be described by an anharmonic potential. With the help of energy considerations we describe the dispersions in position and in velocity for stars of different masses showing how the slowing down and mass segregation of stars evolve in the cluster. Results are presented with the parameters for the star clusters of our Galaxy.

S. Chatterjee; Brijesh Kumar; Ram Sagar

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

446

Potential GTCC LLW sealed radiation source recycle initiatives. National Low-Level Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

This report suggests 11 actions that have the potential to facilitate the recycling (reuse or radionuclide) of surplus commercial sealed radiation sources that would otherwise be disposed of as greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste. The suggestions serve as a basis for further investigation and discussion between the Department of Energy, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Agreement States, and the commercial sector. Information is also given that describes sealed sources, how they are used, and problems associated with recycling, including legal concerns. To illustrate the nationwide recycling potential, Appendix A gives the estimated quantity and application information for sealed sources that would qualify for disposal in commercial facilities if not recycle. The report recommends that the Department of Energy initiate the organization of a forum to explore the suggested actions and other recycling possibilities.

Fischer, D.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Potential GTCC LLW sealed radiation source recycle initiatives  

SciTech Connect

This report suggests 11 actions that have the potential to facilitate the recycling (reuse or radionuclide) of surplus commercial sealed radiation sources that would otherwise be disposed of as greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste. The suggestions serve as a basis for further investigation and discussion between the Department of Energy, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Agreement States, and the commercial sector. Information is also given that describes sealed sources, how they are used, and problems associated with recycling, including legal concerns. To illustrate the nationwide recycling potential, Appendix A gives the estimated quantity and application information for sealed sources that would qualify for disposal in commercial facilities if not recycle. The report recommends that the Department of Energy initiate the organization of a forum to explore the suggested actions and other recycling possibilities.

Fischer, D.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Low-energy ionization cooling of ions for beta beam sources  

SciTech Connect

Rubbia et al.[1] have recently suggested that multiturn passage of a low-energy ion beam (v/c {approx_equal} 0.1) through a low-Z target can be used in the production of ions useable for beta-beam sources and that ionization cooling techniques can increase the circulating beam lifetime and thus enhance that production. Some parameters in their initial discussion are somewhat optimistic, and the conditions for 3-D cooling are not completely developed. In the present paper we reconsider some features of the scenarios and suggest some variations that may be more practical. While 3-D cooling is possible at these energies, mixing of longitudinal motion with both horizontal and vertical motion is necessary to obtain simultaneous cooling in all dimensions; we suggest lattice variations that would be needed. Direct and reverse kinematics are described and explored.

Neuffer, David; /Fermilab

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Application of stress corrosion to geothermal reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There are several alternative equations which describe slow crack growth by stress corrosion. Presently available data suggest that an alternative form may be preferable to the form which is most often used, but the issue cannot be clearly decided. Presently available stress corrosion data on glasses and ceramics suggest that rocks in a proposed geothermal reservoir will crack readily over long time periods, thus seriously limiting the operation of this type of power source. However, in situ hydrofracturing measurements together with a theoretical treatment suggest that such a reservoir will contain a relatively high pressure over a long period of time without further cracking. Further experimentation is desirable to measure directly the critical stresses for crack growth rates on the order of 10/sup -7/ m/sec.

Demarest, H.H. Jr.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Implementing Metadata that Guides Digital Preservation Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

languages, such as XCEL [21], additionally describe howRegistry E.g. PRONOM, XCEL Describe Describe Properties

Dappert, Angela; Farquhar, Adam

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Defect Generation and Propagation in MC-Si Ingots: Influence on Cell-to-Cell Performance Variation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes results of our study aimed at understanding mechanism(s) of dislocation generation and propagation in multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) ingots, and evaluating their influence on the solar cell performance. This work was done in two parts: (i) Measurement of dislocation distributions along various bricks, selected from strategic locations within several ingots; and (ii) Theoretical modeling of the cell performance corresponding to the measured dislocation distributions. Solar cells were fabricated on wafers of known dislocation distribution, and the results were compared with the theory. These results show that cell performance can be accurately predicted from the dislocation distribution, and the changes in the dislocation distribution are the primary cause for variations in the cell-to-cell performance. The dislocation generation and propagation mechanisms, suggested by our results, are described in this paper.

Sopori, B.; Rupnowski, P.; Shet, S.; Mehta, V.; Seacrist, M.; Shi, G.; Chen, J.; Deshpande, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Tools for LWR spent fuel characterization: Assembly classes and fuel designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Characteristics Data Base (CDB) is sponsored by the DOE's Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM). The CDB provides a single, comprehensive source of data pertaining to radioactive wastes that will or may require geologic disposal, including detailed data describing the physical, quantitative, and radiological characteristics of light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel. In developing the CDB, tools for the classification of fuel assembly types have been developed. The assembly class scheme is particularly useful for size- and handling-based describes these tools and presents results of their applications in the areas of fuel assembly type identification, characterization of projected discharges, cask accommodation analyses, and defective fuel analyses. Suggestions for additional applications are also made. 7 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Moore, R.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA) Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA)); Notz, K.J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Influence of chemical characterization of oil shale solids on understanding water quality impacts  

SciTech Connect

Synfuels technologies will yield products and effluents that are a function of the raw material being processed and the process variables. Chemical and mineralogic characterization of solids generated in synfuels production provide valuable insight into health and environmental impacts associated with synfuels processing (coal liquefaction or gasification and shale oil extraction). This report deals with considerations relating to leachate generation from solid wastes, but the suggested research approach is applicable to understanding the nature and extent of all effluents from synfuels operations. Solid characterization studies of one raw shale core and two spent shale cores from Occidental Oil Shale, Inc.'s Logan Wash site are described. These data are used to determine the effect of processing on the shale solids and also to evaluate a variety of water quality issues associated with in situ processing. The importance of solid characterization studies in developing an understanding of effluent composition and behavior and subsequently defining environmental impacts is described.

Peterson, E.J.; Wagner, P.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Strong-coupling analysis of QED{sub 3} for excitation spectrum broadening in the undoped high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Theory of quantum electrodynamics in three spatial-time dimensions is applied to the two-dimensional S=1/2 quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet in order to investigate a doped hole in high-temperature superconductors. Strong coupling analysis of the U(1) gauge field interaction is carried out to describe spectral broadening observed in the undoped compounds. It is found that the fermionic quasiparticle spectrum is of Gaussian form with the width about 3J, with J being the superexchange interaction energy. The energy shift of the spectrum is on the order of the quasiparticle bandwidth, which suggests that the system is in the strong coupling regime with respect to the gauge field interaction describing the phase fluctuations about the {pi}-flux state.

Morinari, T. [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Implementing Best Practices for Data Quality Assessment of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory?s Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Effective solar radiation measurements for research and economic analyses require a strict protocol for maintenance, calibration, and documentation to minimize station downtime and data corruption. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data includes guidelines for operating a solar measurement station. This paper describes a suite of automated and semi-automated routines based on the best practices handbook as developed for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project. These routines allow efficient inspection and data flagging to alert operators of conditions that require immediate attention. Although the handbook is targeted for concentrating solar power applications, the quality-assessment procedures described are generic and should benefit many solar measurement applications. The routines use data in one-minute measurement resolution, as suggested by the handbook, but they could be modified for other time scales.

Wilcox, S. M.; McCormack, P.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Report on the value engineering workshop on APS beamline front ends  

SciTech Connect

A formal value engineering evaluation process was developed to address the front end components of the beamlines for the Advanced Photon Source (APS). This process (described in Section 2) involved an information phase, a creative phase, a judgment phase, a development phase, and a recommendation phase. Technical experts from other national laboratories and industry were invited to a two-day Value Engineering Workshop on November 5-6, 1992. The results of this Workshop are described in Section 4. Following the Workshop, various actions by the APS staff led to the redesign of the front end components, which are presented in Sections 5 and 6. The cost benefit analysis is presented in Section 7. It is important of realize that an added benefit of the Workshop was to obtain numerous design evaluations and enhancements of the front end components by experts in the field. As the design work proceeds to Title II completion, the APS staff is including many of these suggestions.

Kuzay, T.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Commercial Building HVAC Energy Usage in Semi-Tropical Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of heating and cooling equipment in semi-tropical climates presents some design considerations and limitations not so prevalent in temperate climates. In some cases, the heating season may be non-existent for all practical purposes. Another consideration is the high ventilation loads due to cooling the moist air prevalent in semi-tropical climates. This paper describes a computer program which assesses all the pertinent variables which comprise the annual heating and cooling energy requirements for commercial buildings. It is then suggested that this computer program would be valuable in determining the changes one could expect in annual energy usage by varying certain building design parameters. Secondly, a small office building actually constructed in Central Florida in which the author designed the Heating and Cooling HVAC system is described. Tradeoffs are presented showing the effects of changes in these building design parameters.

Worbs, H. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Some comments on `Equation for the second virial coefficient`  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The second viral coefficient calculated using the equation suggested in the paper of Kaplun A.B., Meshalkin A.B. Equation for the second virial coefficient published in High temperature high pressure, 1999, Volume 31, pages 253-258 is compared with experimental data for helium, hydrogen, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, carbon dioxide, water, ammonia, methane, ethylene. It is shown the formula cannot describe the temperature dependence of the experimental data on the second virial coefficient for the all above substances within the experimental error over the investigated temperature interval. The latter is in controversy with the derivations of the paper mentioned above. It is also shown the formula cannot describe the recommended data for the second virial coefficient within their uncertainties for helium, hydrogen, neon, argon, krypton and methane.

Umirzakov, I H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

New technologies for item monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This report responds to the Department of Energy`s request that Sandia National Laboratories compare existing technologies against several advanced technologies as they apply to DOE needs to monitor the movement of material, weapons, or personnel for safety and security programs. The authors describe several material control systems, discuss their technologies, suggest possible applications, discuss assets and limitations, and project costs for each system. The following systems are described: WATCH system (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling); Tag system (an electrostatic proximity sensor); PANTRAK system (Personnel And Material Tracking); VRIS (Vault Remote Inventory System); VSIS (Vault Safety and Inventory System); AIMS (Authenticated Item Monitoring System); EIVS (Experimental Inventory Verification System); Metrox system (canister monitoring system); TCATS (Target Cueing And Tracking System); LGVSS (Light Grid Vault Surveillance System); CSS (Container Safeguards System); SAMMS (Security Alarm and Material Monitoring System); FOIDS (Fiber Optic Intelligence & Detection System); GRADS (Graded Radiation Detection System); and PINPAL (Physical Inventory Pallet).

Abbott, J.A. [EG & G Energy Measurements, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Waddoups, I.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Metagenomic Analysis of Microbial Symbionts in a Gutless Worm  

SciTech Connect

Symbioses between bacteria and eukaryotes are ubiquitous, yet our understanding of the interactions driving these associations is hampered by our inability to cultivate most host-associated microbes. Here we use a metagenomic approach to describe four co-occurring symbionts from the marine oligochaete Olavius algarvensis, a worm lacking a mouth, gut and nephridia. Shotgun sequencing and metabolic pathway reconstruction revealed that the symbionts are sulphur-oxidizing and sulphate-reducing bacteria, all of which are capable of carbon fixation, thus providing the host with multiple sources of nutrition. Molecular evidence for the uptake and recycling of worm waste products by the symbionts suggests how the worm could eliminate its excretory system, an adaptation unique among annelid worms. We propose a model that describes how the versatile metabolism within this symbiotic consortium provides the host with an optimal energy supply as it shuttles between the upper oxic and lower anoxic coastal sediments that it inhabits.

Woyke, Tanja; Teeling, Hanno; Ivanova, Natalia N.; Hunteman, Marcel; Richter, Michael; Gloeckner, Frank Oliver; Boeffelli, Dario; Barry, Kerrie W.; Shapiro, Harris J.; Anderson, Iain J.; Szeto, Ernest; Kyrpides, Nikos C.; Mussmann, Marc; Amann, Rudolf; Bergin, Claudia; Ruehland, Caroline; Rubin, Edward M.; Dubilier, Nicole

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Basic research needs and priorities in solar energy. Volume II. Technology crosscuts for DOE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Priorities for basic research important to the future developments of solar energy are idenified, described, and recommended. SERI surveyed more than 120 leading scientists who were engaged in or knowledgeable of solar-related research. The result is an amalgam of national scientific opinion representing the views of key researchers in relevant disciplines and of SERI staff members. The scientific disciplines included in the report are: chemistry, biology, materials sciences, engineering and mathematics, and the social and behavioral sciences. Each discipline is subdivided into two to five topical areas-and, within each topical area, research needs are described and ranked according to the priorities suggested in the survey. Three categories of priority were established: crucial, important, and needed. A narrative accompanying the description of research needs in each topical area discusses the importance of research in the area for solar energy development and presents the bases for the priority rankings recommended.

Jayadev, J S; Roessner, D [eds.] eds.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

LDRD final report : first application of geospatial semantic graphs to SAR image data.  

SciTech Connect

Modeling geospatial information with semantic graphs enables search for sites of interest based on relationships between features, without requiring strong a priori models of feature shape or other intrinsic properties. Geospatial semantic graphs can be constructed from raw sensor data with suitable preprocessing to obtain a discretized representation. This report describes initial work toward extending geospatial semantic graphs to include temporal information, and initial results applying semantic graph techniques to SAR image data. We describe an efficient graph structure that includes geospatial and temporal information, which is designed to support simultaneous spatial and temporal search queries. We also report a preliminary implementation of feature recognition, semantic graph modeling, and graph search based on input SAR data. The report concludes with lessons learned and suggestions for future improvements.

Brost, Randolph C.; McLendon, William Clarence,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Strangeness at high temperatures: from hadrons to quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appropriate combinations of up to fourth order cumulants of net strangeness fluctuations and their correlations with net baryon number and electric charge fluctuations, obtained from lattice QCD calculations, have been used to probe the strangeness carrying degrees of freedom at high temperatures. For temperatures up to the chiral crossover separate contributions of strange mesons and baryons can be well described by an uncorrelated gas of hadrons. Such a description breaks down in the chiral crossover region, suggesting that the deconfinement of strangeness takes place at the chiral crossover. On the other hand, the strangeness carrying degrees of freedom inside the quark gluon plasma can be described by a weakly interacting gas of quarks only for temperatures larger than twice the chiral crossover temperature. In the intermediate temperature window these observables show considerably richer structures, indicative of the strongly interacting nature of the quark gluon plasma.

A. Bazavov; H. -T. Ding; P. Hegde; O. Kaczmarek; F. Karsch; E. Laermann; Y. Maezawa; Swagato Mukherjee; H. Ohno; P. Petreczky; C. Schmidt; S. Sharma; W. Soeldner; M. Wagner

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

464

Purely magnetic spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spacetimes in which the electric part of the Weyl tensor vanishes (relative to some timelike unit vector field) are said to be purely magnetic. Examples of purely magnetic spacetimes are known and are relatively easy to construct, if no restrictions are placed on the energy-momentum tensor. However it has long been conjectured that purely magnetic vacuum spacetimes (with or without a cosmological constant) do not exist. The history of this conjecture is reviewed and some advances made in the last year are described briefly. A generalisation of this conjecture first suggested for type D vacuum spacetimes by Ferrando and Saez is stated and proved in a number of special cases. Finally an approach to a general proof of the conjecture is described using the Newman-Penrose formalism based on a canonical null tetrad of the Weyl tensor.

Alan Barnes

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Configuration Studies and Recommendations for the ILC DampingRings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the results of studies comparing different options for the baseline configuration of the ILC damping rings. The principal configuration decisions apply to the circumference, beam energy, lattice type, and technology options for key components, including the injection/extraction kickers and the damping wigglers. To arrive at our recommended configuration, we performed detailed studies of a range of lattices representing a variety of different configuration options; these lattices are described in Chapter 2. The results of the various studies are reported in chapters covering issues of beam dynamics, technical subsystems, costs, and commissioning, reliability and upgrade ability. Our detailed recommendations for the baseline configuration are given in Chapter 7, where we also outline further research and development that is needed before a machine using our recommended configuration can be built and operated successfully. In the same chapter, we suggest possible alternatives to the baseline configuration.

Wolski, Andrzej; Gao, Jie; Guiducci, Susanna

2006-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

466

Structure, tectonics and stress field of the Coso Range, Inyo County,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tectonics and stress field of the Coso Range, Inyo County, tectonics and stress field of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Structure, tectonics and stress field of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The tectonics of the Coso Range has been described as having arcuate and ring faults both suggesting the presence of a circumscribed subsidence bowl or calderalike feature. New information suggests the Coso Range is situated in an area of transition between the stress of the right slip San Andreas fault-plate interaction and the extensional tectonics of the Basin and Range. Arcuate faults in the Coso Range are interpreted to have been produced by the regional stress field rather than to have been of

467

Microsoft Word - g413.3-15Final9-12-08.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOE G 413.3-15 9-12-08 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GUIDE FOR PROJECT EXECUTION PLANS [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-15 i (and ii) 9-12-08 FOREWORD This Department of Energy Guide is for use by all DOE elements and provides approaches for implementing project execution plan (PEP) requirements of DOE O 413.3A, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, dated 7-28-06. Guides, which are part of the DOE Directives System, provide nonmandatory suggested approaches for meeting

468

Microsoft Word - g413.3-17Final6-20-08.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 413.3-17 6-20-08 MISSION NEED STATEMENT GUIDE [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-17 1 6-20-08 MISSION NEED STATEMENT 1. PURPOSE. This Guide provides authors of mission need statements, as identified in DOE O 413.3A, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, dated 7-28-06 with suggested content, definitions, and examples for writing a clear statement to support an acquisition executive's decision to initiate exploration of options to fulfill a capability

469

Notices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

34 Federal Register 34 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 145 / Friday, July 27, 2012 / Notices Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number. iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes. iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/ or data that you used. v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced. vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives. vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats. viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified. II. Background

470

LCLS Gun Solenoid Design Considerations  

SciTech Connect

The LCLS photocathode rf gun requires a solenoid immediately downstream for proper emittance compensation. Such a gun and solenoid have been operational at the SSRL Gun Test Facility (GTF) for over eight years. Based on magnetic measurements and operational experience with the GTF gun solenoid multiple modifications are suggested for the LCLS gun solenoid. The modifications include adding dipole and quadrupole correctors inside the solenoid, increasing the bore to accommodate the correctors, decreasing the mirror plate thickness to allow the solenoid to move closer to the cathode, cutouts in the mirror plate to allow greater optical clearance with grazing incidence cathode illumination, utilizing pancake coil mirror images to compensate the first and second integrals of the transverse fields and incorporating a bipolar power supply to allow for proper magnet standardization and quick polarity changes. This paper describes all these modifications plus the magnetic measurements and operational experience leading to the suggested modifications.

Schmerge, John

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Drilling for energy resources  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drilling is integral to the exploration, development, and production of most energy resources. Oil and natural gas, which are dependent on drilling technology, together account for about 77% of the energy sources consumed in the US. Thus, the limitations of current drilling technology also restrict the rate at which new energy supplies can be found, extracted, and brought to the marketplace. The purpose of the study reported was to examine current drilling technology, suggest areas where additional research and development (R and D) might significantly increase drilling rates and capabilities, and suggest a strategy for improving drilling technology. An overview is provided of the US drilling industry. The drilling equipment and techniques now used for finding and recovering oil, natural gas, coal, shale oil, nuclear fuels, and geothermal energy are described. Although by no means exhaustive, these descriptions provide the background necessary to adequately understand the problems inherent in attempts to increase instantaneous and overall drilling rates.

Not Available

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Perspectives on Geospace Plasma Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are a large variety of fascinating and instructive aspects to examining the coupling of mass and energy from the solar wind into the Earth's magnetosphere. Past research has suggested that magnetic reconnection (in a fluid sense) on the day-side magnetopause plays the key role in controlling the energy coupling. However, both linear and nonlinear coupling processes involving kinetic effects have been suggested through various types of innovative data analysis. Analysis and modeling results have also indicated a prominent role for multi-scale processes of plasma coupling. Examples include evidence of control by solar wind turbulence in the coupling sequence and localized (finite gyroradius) effects in dayside plasma transport. In this paper we describe several solar wind-magnetosphere coupling scenarios. We particularly emphasize the study of solar wind driving of magnetospheric substorm, and related geomagnetic disturbances.

Baker, Daniel N. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303-7814 (United States)

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

473

Generalized Super-Cerenkov Radiations in Nuclear and Hadronic Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized Super-Cerenkov Radiations (SCR), as well as their SCR-signatures are investigated and classified. Two general SCR- coherence conditions are found as two natural extremes of the same spontaneous particles decay in (dielectric, nuclear or hadronic) media The main results on the quantum theory of the SCR-phenomena as well as the results of the first experimental test of the super-coherence conditions, obtained by using the experimental data from BNL are presented. The new concepts such as: SCR-gluons, SCR-W-bosons and SCR-Z-bosons, all three suggested by elementary particle classification, are introduced. The gluonic Super-Cerenkov-like radiation, first introduced here, is schematically described. The interpretation of some recent RHIC results as signature of the SCR-gluons is suggested.

D. B. Ion

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

474

THE HIGH BACKGROUND RADIATION AREA IN RAMSAR IRAN: GEOLOGY, NORM, BIOLOGY, LNT, AND POSSIBLE REGULATORY FUN  

SciTech Connect

The city of Ramsar Iran hosts some of the highest natural radiation levels on earth, and over 2000 people are exposed to radiation doses ranging from 1 to 26 rem per year. Curiously, inhabitants of this region seem to have no greater incidence of cancer than those in neighboring areas of normal background radiation levels, and preliminary studies suggest their blood cells experience fewer induced chromosomal abnormalities when exposed to 150 rem ''challenge'' doses of radiation than do the blood cells of their neighbors. This paper will briefly describe the unique geology that gives Ramsar its extraordinarily high background radiation levels. It will then summarize the studies performed to date and will conclude by suggesting ways to incorporate these findings (if they are borne out by further testing) into future radiation protection standards.

Karam, P. A.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

475

THE HIGH BACKGROUND RADIATION AREA IN RAMSAR IRAN: GEOLOGY, NORM, BIOLOGY, LNT, AND POSSIBLE REGULATORY FUN  

SciTech Connect

The city of Ramsar Iran hosts some of the highest natural radiation levels on earth, and over 2000 people are exposed to radiation doses ranging from 1 to 26 rem per year. Curiously, inhabitants of this region seem to have no greater incidence of cancer than those in neighboring areas of normal background radiation levels, and preliminary studies suggest their blood cells experience fewer induced chromosomal abnormalities when exposed to 150 rem ''challenge'' doses of radiation than do the blood cells of their neighbors. This paper will briefly describe the unique geology that gives Ramsar its extraordinarily high background radiation levels. It will then summarize the studies performed to date and will conclude by suggesting ways to incorporate these findings (if they are borne out by further testing) into future radiation protection standards.

Karam, P. A.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

476

Near earth object fuels (neo-fuels): Discovery, prospecting and use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 1992 discovery of a water-ice, near-Earth object (NEO) in the space near Earth is evaluated as a source of rocket fuel and life support materials for Earth orbit use. Nuclear thermal rockets using steam propellant are evaluated and suggested. The space geological formation containing such water-rich NEO`s is described. An architecture couples near-Earth object fuels (neo-fuel) extraction with use in Earth orbits. Preliminary mass payback analyses show that space tanker systems fueled from space can return in excess of 100 times their launched mass from the NEO, per trip. Preliminary cost estimates indicate neo-fuel costs at Earth orbit can be 3 orders of magnitude below today`s cost. A suggested resource verification plan is presented.

Zuppero, A.C.; Jacox, M.G.

1992-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

477

Near earth object fuels (neo-fuels): Discovery, prospecting and use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 1992 discovery of a water-ice, near-Earth object (NEO) in the space near Earth is evaluated as a source of rocket fuel and life support materials for Earth orbit use. Nuclear thermal rockets using steam propellant are evaluated and suggested. The space geological formation containing such water-rich NEO's is described. An architecture couples near-Earth object fuels (neo-fuel) extraction with use in Earth orbits. Preliminary mass payback analyses show that space tanker systems fueled from space can return in excess of 100 times their launched mass from the NEO, per trip. Preliminary cost estimates indicate neo-fuel costs at Earth orbit can be 3 orders of magnitude below today's cost. A suggested resource verification plan is presented.

Zuppero, A.C.; Jacox, M.G.

1992-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

478

Microsoft Word - g151.1-2Final7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 151.1-2 7-11-07 TECHNICAL PLANNING BASIS Emergency Management Guide [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 151.1-2 i 7-11-07 DOE G 151.1-2, Technical Planning Basis Table of Contents 1. HAZARDS SURVEYS ....................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................1-1

479

Microsoft Word - g413-3 14Update9-11-08.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 413.3-14 9-12-08 Information Technology Project Guide [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Chief Information Officer NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 413.3-14 i (and ii) 9-12-08 TABLE OF CONTENTS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PROJECT GUIDE ............................................................1 SECTION 1.0. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................1 1.1 Purpose....................................................................................................................1

480

Microsoft Word - g151.1-1aFinal7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 151.1-1A 7-11-07 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT FUNDAMENTALS and the OPERATIONAL EMERGENCY BASE PROGRAM Emergency Management Guide [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 151.1-1A i 7-11-07 Table of Contents 1. DOE COMPREHENSIVE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ..................................1-1 1.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Requirements and Guidance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "describes suggested non-mandatory" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Microsoft Word - g151.1-3Final7-11-07.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Nuclear Security Administration National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Emergency Management DOE G 151.1-3 7-11-07 Programmatic Elements Emergency Management Guide [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 151.1-3 i 7-11-07 DOE G 151.1-3 - Programmatic Elements Table of Contents 1. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION.................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................1-1

482

Microsoft Word - g470.4-XUpdate8-21-09.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE G 470.4-1 Approved: 8-21-08 ASSET PROTECTION ANALYSIS GUIDE [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE G 470.4-1 i (and ii) 8-21-08 CONTENTS ASSET PROTECTION ANALYSIS ...............................................................................................1 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................1 2. Objective ........................................................................................................................2

483

Backfit Analysis Desktop Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G 231.1-2 G 231.1-2 Approved: 08-20-03 OCCURRENCE REPORTING CAUSAL ANALYSIS GUIDE [This Guide describes suggested nonmandatory approaches for meeting requirements. Guides are not requirements documents and are not to be construed as requirements in any audit or appraisal for compliance with the parent Policy, Order, Notice, or Manual.] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Environment, Safety and Health DISTRIBUTION: INITIATED BY: All Departmental Elements Office of Environment, Safety and Health DOE G 231.1-2 Page i 08-20-03 CONTENTS 1. PURPOSE ............................................................................................................................1 2. REFERENCES ....................................................................................................................1

484

Evaluation of NIPER thermal EOR research, state-of-the-art and research needs  

SciTech Connect

The Thermal Oil Production Research Group at NIPER has conducted research on behalf of the US Department of Energy on thermal methods of oil production (steam and for 1 year, in situ combustion) since 1983. Research projects performed by this group have attempted to adapt to the needs and direction of the DOE`s oil research program and that of industry. This report summarizes the research that has been conducted, analyses the contributions of the research, describes how the technology was transferred to potential users, analyzes current trends in thermal research and thermal oil production, and makes suggestions for future research where NIPER could contribute to advances in thermal oil production.

Sarathi, P.S.; Olsen, D.K.; Mahmood, S.M.; Ramzel, E.B.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

A systems assessment of the five Starlite tokamak power plants  

SciTech Connect

The ARIES team has assessed the power-plant attractiveness of the following five tokamak physics regimes: (1) steady state, first stability regime; (2) pulsed, first stability regime; (3) steady state, second stability regime; (4) steady state, reversed shear; and (5) steady state, low aspect ratio. Cost-based systems analysis of these five tokamak physics regimes suggests that an electric power plant based upon a reversed-shear tokamak is significantly more economical than one based on any of the other four physics regimes. Details of this comparative systems analysis are described herein.

Bathke, C.G.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

P-Wave Charm Mesons as a Window to the D_{sJ} States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In my talk I discussed the properties of the newly discovered D_{sJ}^*(2317), D_{sJ}(2460), X(3872), and SELEX D^*_{sJ}(2632) states and suggested experimental measurements that can shed light on them. In this writeup I concentrate on an important facet of understanding the D_{sJ} states, the properties of the closely related D_0^* and D_1' states. These states are well described as the broad, j=1/2 non-strange charmed P-wave mesons.

Stephen Godfrey

2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

Integration of large wind farms into utility grids (Part 1—Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this part of the paper the authors describe a newly developed model for doubly-fed induction wind generators (DFIG) that is suitable for transient stability studies. In this model the main performance characteristics of DFIG are included. The model is validated against a more detailed EMTPlevel model of such generation. The results suggest that the stability model has sufficient accuracy for representation of the electromechanical dynamics of interest in simulation studies for identifying critical operating conditions. Further analysis of these critical conditions may require the use of more detailed EMTP-level models. Index Terms — Wind turbine generators, wind energy, modeling wind farms. I.

Rodolfo J. Koessler; Senior Member; Srinivas Pillutla; Lan H. Trinh; David L. Dickm

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Activities of HPS standards committee in environmental remediation  

SciTech Connect

The Health Physics Society (HPS) develops American National Standards in the area of radiation protection using methods approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Two of its sections, Environmental Health Physics and Contamination Limits, have ongoing standards development which are important to some environmental remediation efforts. This paper describes the role of the HPS standards process and indicates particular standards under development which will be of interest to the reader. In addition, the authors solicit readers to participate in the voluntary standards process by either joining active working groups (WG) or suggesting appropriate and relevant topics which should be placed into the standards process.

Stencel, J.R. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Insulator-to-Conducting Transition in Dense Fluid Helium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By combining diamond-anvil-cell and laser-driven shock wave techniques, we produced dense He samples up to 1.5 g/cm{sup 3} at temperatures reaching 60 kK. Optical measurements of reflectivity and temperature show that electronic conduction in He at these conditions is temperature-activated (semiconducting). A fit to the data suggests that the mobility gap closes with increasing density, and that hot dense He becomes metallic above {approx}1.9 g/cm{sup 3}. These data provide a benchmark to test models that describe He ionization at conditions found in astrophysical objects, such as cold white dwarf atmospheres.

Celliers, P. M.; Eggert, J. H.; Hicks, D. G.; Collins, G. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Post Office Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Loubeyre, P.; Brygoo, S. [CEA/DAM/DIF, 91297 Arpajon. France (France); McWilliams, R. S. [Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164 (United States); University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Boehly, T. R. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Jeanloz, R. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

Superconductivity as a Bose-Einstein condensation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) in two dimensions (2D) (e.g., to describe the quasi-2D cuprates) is suggested as the possible mechanism widely believed to underlie superconductivity in general. A crucial role is played by nonzero center-of-mass momentum Cooper pairs (CPs) usually neglected in BCS theory. Also vital is the unique {\\it linear} dispersion relation appropriate to weakly-coupled "bosonic" CPs moving in the Fermi sea--rather than in vacuum where the dispersion would be quadratic but only for very strong coupling, and for which BEC is known to be impossible in 2D.

S. K. Adhikari; M. Casas; A. Puente; A. Rigo; M. Fortes; M. A. Solís; M. de Llano; A. A. Valladares; O. Rojo

2000-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

491

Black Hole Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have known for more than thirty years that black holes behave as thermodynamic systems, radiating as black bodies with characteristic temperatures and entropies. This behavior is not only interesting in its own right; it could also, through a statistical mechanical description, cast light on some of the deep problems of quantizing gravity. In these lectures, I review what we currently know about black hole thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, suggest a rather speculative "universal" characterization of the underlying states, and describe some key open questions.

Steven Carlip

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Dicke Type Model for Equilibrium BEC Superradiance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of electromagnetic radiation on the condensate of a Bose gas. In an earlier paper we considered the problem for two simple models showing the cooperative effect between Bose-Einstein condensation and superradiance. In this paper we formalise the model suggested by Ketterle et al in which the Bose condensate particles have a two level structure. We present a soluble microscopic Dicke type model describing a thermodynamically stable system. We find the equilibrium states of the system and compute the thermodynamic functions giving explicit formulae expressing the cooperative effect between Bose-Einstein condensation and superradiance.

Joseph V. Pule; Andre F. Verbeure; Valentin A. Zagrebnov

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

493

Optical-Fiber-Based, Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectrometer for Thin-Film Absorber Characterization and Analysis of TRPL Data for CdS/CdTe Interface: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We describe the design of a time resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) spectrometer for rapid semiconductor absorber characterization. Simplicity and flexibility is achieved by using single optical fiber to deliver laser pulses and to collect photoluminescence. We apply TRPL for characterization of CdS/CdTe absorbers after deposition, CdCl2 treatment, Cu doping, and back contact formation. Data suggest this method could be applied in various stages of PV device processing. Finally, we show how to analyze TRPL data for CdS/CdTe absorbers by considering laser light absorption depth and intermixing at CdS/CdTe interface.

Kuciauskas, D.; Duenow, J. N.; Kanevce, A.; Li, J. V.; Young, M. R.; Dippo, P.; Levi, D. H.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The shape of heavy ion upset cross section curves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach is developed to describe heavy ion single event upset cross section curves. It accounts for all significant mechanisms which cause the curve to deviate from ideal, step function-like behavior. The method is developed in terms of the charge deposited by an incident ion in a memory cell and is therefore free of ambiguities associated with the effective LET concept. It is suggested that this type of approach is an improvement over current methods used to characterize a memory response to accelerator tests. This has significant implications for predicting space upset rates.

Xapsos, M.A. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States). Radiation Effects Branch); Weatherford, T.R.; Shapiro, P. (SFA, Inc., Landover, MD (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Prediction of environmental carcinogens: a strategy for the mid-1980s. [Use of computer-automated structure-evaluation (CASE) system  

SciTech Connect

Both government and the private sector have developed methods capable of detecting potentially harmful agents. This information could be used to predict possible harmful effects, suggest mechanisms of action, make risk assessment thereof, and develop nonbiased protocols. The paper describes an artificial intelligence system (Computer-Automated Structure-Evaluation (CASE) that is capable of predicting harmful effects based on structural determinants. In addition, a matrix of strategies has been devised which uses the already generated information to identify the types of assays that are the most predictive as well as the most economical.

Rosenkranz, H.S.; Klopman, G.; Chankong, V.; Pet-Edwards, J.; Haimes, Y.Y.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Buckled nano rod - a two state system: quantum effects on its dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a suspended elastic rod under longitudinal compression. The compression can be used to adjust potential energy for transverse displacements from harmonic to double well regime. The two minima in potential energy curve describe two possible buckled states. Using transition state theory (TST) we have calculated the rate of conversion from one state to other. If the strain $\\epsilon = 4 \\epsilon_c$ the simple TST rate diverges. We suggest a method to correct this divergence for quantum calculations. We also find that zero point energy contributions can be quite large so that single mode calculations can lead to large errors in the rate.

Chakraborty, Aniruddha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

MIT extraction method for measuring average subchannel axial velocities in reactor assemblies  

SciTech Connect

The MIT extraction method for obtaining flow split data for individual subchannels is described in detail. An analysis of the method is presented which shows that isokinetic values of the subchannel flow rates are obtained directly even though the method is non-isokinetic. Time saving methods are discussed for obtaining the average value of the interior region flow split parameter. An analysis of the method at low bundle flow rates indicates that there is no inherent low flow rate limitation on the method and suggests a way to obtain laminar flow split data.

Hawley, J.T.; Chiu, C.; Todreas, N.E.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Methods for Analyzing Electric Load Shape and its Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current methods of summarizing and analyzing electric load shape are discussed briefly and compared. Simple rules of thumb for graphical display of load shapes are suggested. We propose a set of parameters that quantitatively describe the load shape in many buildings. Using the example of a linear regression model to predict load shape from time and temperature, we show how quantities such as the load?s sensitivity to outdoor temperature, and the effectiveness of demand response (DR), can be quantified. Examples are presented using real building data.

Price, Philip

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

499

Battery Requirements for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Analysis and Rationale (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Slide presentation to EVS-23 conference describing NREL work to help identify appropriate requirements for batteries to be useful for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs). Suggested requirements were submitted to the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium, which used them for a 2007 request for proposals. Requirements were provided both for charge-depleting mode and charge-sustaining mode and for high power/energy ratio and hige energy/power ration batteries for each (different modes of PHEV operation), along with battery and system level requirements.

Pesaran, A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Harnessing market forces to protect the environment  

SciTech Connect

A 50-member team drawn from academia, industry, the environmental community, and government worked on a report which describes a variety of innovative measure designed to enlist the forces of the marketplace and the ingenuity of entrepreneurs to help deter pollution and reduce degradation of natural resources. The report emphasizes the practical employment of economic forces to achieve increased protection of the environment at a lower cost to society. Suggested economic incentives include tradable emissions permits, least-cost bidding at electric utilities, and a deposit-refund system for containerized wastes - to increase environmental protection.

Stavins, R.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z