Sample records for describe production imports

  1. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 2001 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin were 1,139,744 tons valued at $3.1 billion, compared with 948,025 tons at $2.8 billion exported in 2000

  2. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 2000 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible.0 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin were 948,025 tons valued at $2.8 billion, compared with 864,166 tons at $2.7 billion exported

  3. IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY, 1996 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible higher than in 1995, when $12.5 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,376 tons at $3.1 billion exported in 1995. Fresh and frozen items were 791,822 tons valued at $2.2 billion

  4. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 1998 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible higher than in 1997, when $14.5 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,499 tons at $2.6 billion exported in 1997. Fresh and frozen items were 631,627 tons valued at $1.7 billion

  5. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 2003 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin were 1,047,706 tons valued at $3.1 billion, compared with 1,056,303 tons at $3.0 billion exported in 2002. Fresh and frozen items

  6. IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY, 1997 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible higher than in 1996, when $13.1 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,720 tons at $2.9 billion exported in 1996. Fresh and frozen items were 782,767 tons valued at $2.0 billion

  7. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 1999 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible higher than in 1998, when $15.6 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,067 tons at $2.2 billion exported in 1998. Fresh and frozen items were 725,050 tons valued at $2.1 billion

  8. Imports and Exports of Fishery Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imports and Exports of Fishery Products Annual Summary, 2002 IMPORTS. U.S. imports of edible. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin were 1,056,306 tons valued at $3.0 billion, compared with 1,139,744 tons at $3.1 billion exported in 2001. Fresh and frozen items were 883

  9. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel...

  10. Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with DOE Energy Conservation Standards Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply...

  11. Creating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    . The responsibility of this control entity is to make a planning, based on the incoming orders and what has happened.............................................................................................................................18 Planning and controlCreating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations Freek van den

  12. Animal Pathogen/Product Import Importing "Animal" Pathogens from Outside Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Animal Pathogen/Product Import Importing "Animal" Pathogens from Outside Canada 1) Permits is required from the CFIA* (a division of Agriculture Canada), please go to the CFIA website at http importation permit from Public Health Agency Canada may also be required. #12;

  13. Ion firehose instability in plasmas with plasma particles described by product bi-kappa distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santos, M. S. dos; Ziebell, L. F., E-mail: luiz.ziebell@ufrgs.br; Gaelzer, R., E-mail: rudi.gaelzer@ufrgs.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, RS, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre (Brazil)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dispersion relation for low frequency electromagnetic waves propagating parallel to the ambient magnetic field, considering that the velocity distributions of ions and electrons can be either bi-Maxwellian of product bi-kappa distributions. The effect of the anisotropy and non-thermal features associated to the product-bi-kappa distributions on the firehose instability are numerically investigated. The general conclusion to be drawn from the results obtained is that the increase in non-thermal features which is consequence of the decrease of the ? indexes in the ion distribution contributes to increase the instability in magnitude and wave number range, in comparison with bi-Maxwellian distributions with similar temperature anisotropy, and that the increase of non-thermal features in the electron distribution contributes to the quenching of the instability, which is nevertheless driven by the anisotropy in the ion distribution. Significant differences between results obtained either considering product-bi-kappa distributions or bi-kappa distributions are also reported.

  14. Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TS, Steen E, Keasling JD: Biofuel Alternatives to ethanol:in engineering microbes for biofuel production Aindrila

  15. Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Conservation Standards DOE Office of Enforcement Resolves 20 Energy Efficiency Enforcement Cases DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify Consumer Refrigeration Products...

  16. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product: Total

  17. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product: TotalCountry: All

  18. Salmonella contamination during production of domestic and imported canaloupe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uribe, Imelda Mercado

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , application of improperly composted manure to soil as fertilizer, handling during and after harvest, changes in packaging technology, and distribution and marketing of the final product. The increase of global trade of food commodities has allowed... of improperly composted manure to soil as fertilizer, handling during and after harvest, hansportation, and distribution of fruits and vegetables, increases the spreading of pathogenic microorganisms, including Salmonella (Beuchat 2000). Large outbreaks...

  19. ARM - Evaluation Product - Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m Documentation DataDatastreamsxsaprhsrhi1-minProductsMicroPulse LIDARCartesian(RIPBE)

  20. U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin219:131,097269,023

  1. Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports by Processing Area

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S.6, 20146, 20028,7,Input Product: TotalArea

  2. Hadronic cascade calculations of angular distributions of integrated secondary particle fluxes from external targets and new empirical formulae describing particle production in proton-nucleus collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranft, J

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hadronic cascade calculations of angular distributions of integrated secondary particle fluxes from external targets and new empirical formulae describing particle production in proton-nucleus collisions

  3. U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImport Area: U.S.2009

  4. Trade and plant level productivity gains: Role of Import Liberalisation, Technological Spillovers and Variety Growth in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    1 Trade and plant level productivity gains: Role of Import Liberalisation, Technological Spillovers liberalization impact productivity at the micro level in the economy? Using a panel data of Indian manufacturing productivity growth at the production level in the economy. These mechanisms include trade induced pro

  5. Estimating coal production peak and trends of coal imports in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo-qiang Lin; Jiang-hua Liu [Xiamen University, Xiamen (China). China Center for Energy Economics Research (CCEER)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 20 countries in the world have already reached a maximum capacity in their coal production (peak coal production) such as Japan, the United Kingdom and Germany. China, home to the third largest coal reserves in the world, is the world's largest coal producer and consumer, making it part of the Big Six. At present, however, China's coal production has not yet reached its peak. In this article, logistic curves and Gaussian curves are used to predict China's coal peak and the results show that it will be between the late 2020s and the early 2030s. Based on the predictions of coal production and consumption, China's net coal import could be estimated for coming years. This article also analyzes the impact of China's net coal import on the international coal market, especially the Asian market, and on China's economic development and energy security. 16 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Diversity within Unity How do Muslim countries treat importation of goods that Islamic Law (Shar?¯’a) consid- ers .Haram (forbidden), namely, alcoholic beverages and pork products? Why do they do VOL. 47, NO. 3 \\\\jciprod01\\productn\\I\\INL\\47-3\\INL302.txt... and preserve lucrative tax revenues on beer sales. This logic does not apply to the Kingdom. From a strict Islamic perspective, with re- spect to alcohol, pork, and pork products, this resolution is not satisfying. A tariff, even one set at a very high rate...

  7. In Situ Production of Chlorine-36 in the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer, Idaho: Implications for Describing Ground-Water Contamination Near a Nuclear Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. D. Cecil; L. L. Knobel; J. R. Green (USGS); S. K. Frape (University of Waterloo)

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to describe the calculated contribution to ground water of natural, in situ produced 36Cl in the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer and to compare these concentrations in ground water with measured concentrations near a nuclear facility in southeastern Idaho. The scope focused on isotopic and chemical analyses and associated 36Cl in situ production calculations on 25 whole-rock samples from 6 major water-bearing rock types present in the eastern Snake River Plain. The rock types investigated were basalt, rhyolite, limestone, dolomite, shale, and quartzite. Determining the contribution of in situ production to 36Cl inventories in ground water facilitated the identification of the source for this radionuclide in environmental samples. On the basis of calculations reported here, in situ production of 36Cl was determined to be insignificant compared to concentrations measured in ground water near buried and injected nuclear waste at the INEEL. Maximum estimated 36Cl concentrations in ground water from in situ production are on the same order of magnitude as natural concentrations in meteoric water.

  8. Manure Production and Characteristics: Its Importance to Texas Animal Feeding Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    cubicfeetofnaturalgaswillequalapproxi- mately100,000BTUs. Its importance toTexas and animal feeding operations & Characteristics ManureProduction L-5489 9-07 _______________ *Associate Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, ?eTexas A&M University System. SaqibMukhtar* * A S A E... S t a n d a r d D 3 8 4 . 2 . 2 0 0 5 . M a n u r e P r o d u c t i o n a n d C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . A S A B E , S t . J o s e p h , M I 4 9 0 8 5 - 9 6 5 9 . * * M a n u r e C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . 2 0 0 0 . M i d W e s t P l a n S e r...

  9. The production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities in the world. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton University

    produced and to respond to issues such as irradiation of foods, genetically modified foods, food in cell physiology and biochemistry, genetics and organic chemistry. A Principles of Nutrition (FOOD 2001The production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities

  10. Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product:

  11. Natural Gas Production and U.S. Oil Imports | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure InternationalServicesMissionNationalNatural Gas Production and U.S. Oil

  12. Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE): An ARM Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarlane, S; Shippert, T; Mather, J

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to create a complete set of clearly identified set of parameters on a uniform vertical and temporal grid to use as input to a radiative transfer model. One of the main drivers for RIPBE was as input to the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP, but we also envision using RIPBE files for user-run radiative transfer codes, as part of cloud/aerosol retrieval testbeds, and as input to averaged datastreams for model evaluation.

  13. Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011 at 2:00DepartmentNeilNet Imports by

  14. Fact #863 March 9, 2015 Crude Oil Accounts for the Majority of Primary Energy Imports while Exports are Mostly Petroleum Products – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Crude Oil Accounts for the Majority of Primary Energy Imports while Exports are Mostly Petroleum Products

  15. Heterogeneous Reduction of PuO2 with Fe(II): Importance of the Fe(III) Reaction Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felmy, Andrew R.; Moore, Dean A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Qafoku, Odeta; Rai, Dhanpat; Buck, Edgar C.; Ilton, Eugene S.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Heterogeneous reduction of actinides in higher and more soluble oxidation states to lower more insoluble oxidation states by reductants such as Fe(II) has been the subject of intensive study for more than two decades. However, Fe(II)-induced reduction of sparingly soluble Pu(IV) to the more soluble lower oxidation state Pu(III) has been much less studied even though such reactions can potentially increase the mobility of Pu in the subsurface. Thermodynamic calculations are presented that show how differences in the free energy of various possible solid-phase Fe(III) reaction products can greatly influence aqueous Pu(III) concentrations resulting from reduction of PuO2(am) by Fe(II). We present the first experimental evidence that reduction of PuO2(am) to Pu(III) by Fe(II) was enhanced when the Fe(III) mineral goethite was spiked into the reaction. The effect of goethite on reduction of Pu(IV) was demonstrated by measuring the time-dependence of total aqueous Pu concentration, its oxidation state, and system pe/pH. We also re-evaluated established protocols for determining Pu(III) [(Pu(III) + Pu(IV)) - Pu(IV)] by using thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) in toluene extractions; the study showed that it is important to eliminate dissolved oxygen from the TTA solutions for accurate determinations. More broadly, this study highlights the importance of the Fe(III) reaction product in actinide reduction rate and extent by Fe(II).

  16. ARM - Evaluation Product - Critical soil quantities for describing land

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m Documentation DataDatastreamsxsaprhsrhi1-min (NAVBE1M)Doppler Lidarproperties

  17. Crude Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX Imeans ofFHomeImports -

  18. A Smart Waste Management with Self-Describing Yann Glouche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of recyclable products. We assume organic wastes products are not recycled and hence RFID tags are no its content and can report back to the rest of the recycling chain. Keywords-green IT; waste management; recycling chain; RFID; NFC; QR code. I. INTRODUCTION Waste management is an important requirement

  19. On Gaussian Beams Described by Jacobi's Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Steven T.

    Gaussian beams describe the amplitude and phase of rays and are widely used to model acoustic propagation. This paper describes four new results in the theory of Gaussian beams. (1) A new version of the ?ervený equations ...

  20. Importance Driven Rendering Using Importance Information in the Rendering Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumann, Heidrun

    Importance Driven Rendering ­ Using Importance Information in the Rendering Process R. Schultz describes the concept of using importance in- formation in the rendering process. Doing so, we can adapt the rendering time and image quality to the requirements of a user. For that, we discuss two problems

  1. Aprs avoir mis en lumire l'importance du rle jou par la protine Cx36 dans le contrle de la production d'insuline, une quipe de cher-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loewith, Robbie

    Après avoir mis en lumière l'importance du rôle joué par la protéine Cx36 dans le contrôle de la ces cellules, des chercheurs de l'UNIGE ont identi é, il y a quelques mois, une protéine appelée Cx36 plus fabriquer de Cx36, la synchronisation des cellules bêta disparaît et la production d

  2. The Safety Data Sheet, or SDS, is written or printed material used to convey the hazards of a hazardous chemical product. It contains 16 sections of important chemical information, including

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Safety Data Sheet, or SDS, is written or printed material used to convey the hazards of a hazardous chemical product. It contains 16 sections of important chemical information, including: Chemical characteristics; Physical and health hazards, including relevant exposure limits; Precautions for safe handling

  3. 1.0 MAJOR STUDIES SUPPORTING THIS SCOPING RISK The most important period of past U.S. uranium production spanned from approximately 1948

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plants (U.S. DOE/EIA 2003a, 2003b, 2006). Uranium exploration, mining, and ore processing left a legacy.S. uranium production spanned from approximately 1948 to the early 1980s (U.S. DOE/EIA 1992). Through 2005 the industry had generated over 420,000 metric tons (MTs) of uranium for nuclear weapons and commercial power

  4. Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

  5. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  6. Other, Describe: The University of Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Other, Describe: New Hire The University of Oklahoma Background Check Authorization Attention Transfer Incoming Medical Resident Volunteer The University of Oklahoma will conduct Standard Pre. I understand that the University of Oklahoma may utilize the services of a third-party as part

  7. Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

  8. Phenomenological approach for describing environment dependent growths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dibyendu Biswas; Swarup Poria

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Different classes of phenomenological universalities of environment dependent growths have been proposed. The logistic as well as environment dependent West-type allometry based biological growth can be explained in this proposed framework of phenomenological description. It is shown that logistic and environment dependent West-type growths are phenomenologically identical in nature. However there is a difference between them in terms of coefficients involved in the phenomenological descriptions. It is also established that environment independent and enviornment dependent biological growth processes lead to the same West-type biological growth equation. Involuted Gompertz function, used to describe biological growth processes undergoing atrophy or a demographic and economic system undergoing involution or regression, can be addressed in this proposed environment dependent description. In addition, some other phenomenological descriptions have been examined in this proposed framework and graphical representations of variation of different parameters involved in the description are executed.

  9. Importance of Biomass Production and Supply

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet),Energy PetroleumEnergyImplementing ExecutiveImplementation

  10. s We describe an AI system (CTSHIV) that connects the scientific AIDS literature describing specific human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lathrop, Richard H.

    and infections. Currently in the United States, it is estimated to infect 3 to 5 million persons, is the leading deterioration of the immune system leading almost invari- ably to AIDS and death from opportunistic cancers cause of death in adults from 14 to 35, and is the nation's leading cause of productive years of life

  11. HERMES: A Model to Describe Deformation, Burning, Explosion, and Detonation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reaugh, J E

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    HERMES (High Explosive Response to MEchanical Stimulus) was developed to fill the need for a model to describe an explosive response of the type described as BVR (Burn to Violent Response) or HEVR (High Explosive Violent Response). Characteristically this response leaves a substantial amount of explosive unconsumed, the time to reaction is long, and the peak pressure developed is low. In contrast, detonations characteristically consume all explosive present, the time to reaction is short, and peak pressures are high. However, most of the previous models to describe explosive response were models for detonation. The earliest models to describe the response of explosives to mechanical stimulus in computer simulations were applied to intentional detonation (performance) of nearly ideal explosives. In this case, an ideal explosive is one with a vanishingly small reaction zone. A detonation is supersonic with respect to the undetonated explosive (reactant). The reactant cannot respond to the pressure of the detonation before the detonation front arrives, so the precise compressibility of the reactant does not matter. Further, the mesh sizes that were practical for the computer resources then available were large with respect to the reaction zone. As a result, methods then used to model detonations, known as {beta}-burn or program burn, were not intended to resolve the structure of the reaction zone. Instead, these methods spread the detonation front over a few finite-difference zones, in the same spirit that artificial viscosity is used to spread the shock front in inert materials over a few finite-difference zones. These methods are still widely used when the structure of the reaction zone and the build-up to detonation are unimportant. Later detonation models resolved the reaction zone. These models were applied both to performance, particularly as it is affected by the size of the charge, and to situations in which the stimulus was less than that needed for reliable performance, whether as a result of accident, hazard, or a fault in the detonation train. These models describe the build-up of detonation from a shock stimulus. They are generally consistent with the mesoscale picture of ignition at many small defects in the plane of the shock front and the growth of the resulting hot-spots, leading to detonation in heterogeneous explosives such as plastic-bonded explosives (PBX). The models included terms for ignition, and also for the growth of reaction as tracked by the local mass fraction of product gas, {lambda}. The growth of reaction in such models incorporates a form factor that describes the change of surface area per unit volume (specific surface area) as the reaction progresses. For unimolecular crystalline-based explosives, the form factor is consistent with the mesoscale picture of a galaxy of hot spots burning outward and eventually interacting with each other. For composite explosives and propellants, where the fuel and oxidizer are segregated, the diffusion flame at the fuel-oxidizer interface can be interpreted with a different form factor that corresponds to grains burning inward from their surfaces. The form factor influences the energy release rate, and the amount of energy released in the reaction zone. Since the 19th century, gun and cannon propellants have used perforated geometric shapes that produce an increasing surface area as the propellant burns. This helps maintain the pressure as burning continues while the projectile travels down the barrel, which thereby increases the volume of the hot gas. Interior ballistics calculations use a geometric form factor to describe the changing surface area precisely. As a result, with a suitably modified form factor, detonation models can represent burning and explosion in damaged and broken reactant. The disadvantage of such models in application to accidents is that the ignition term does not distinguish between a value of pressure that results from a shock, and the same pressure that results from a more gradual increase. This disagrees with experiments, where

  12. New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Markets New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell...

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: New Report Describes Joint Opportunities...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bilitiesCapabilitiesNew Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicle Markets New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and...

  14. Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental monitoring stations, canyons Stations supporting Santa...

  15. PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles describing important results from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehl, Mimi

    of junior-level electricity and magnetism Stephanie V. Chasteen and Steven J. Pollock Science Education to learn physics as a major: upper-division Electricity & Magnetism I (E&M I). While physics educationPHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles

  16. import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Laura

    import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI; import java.util.Enumeration; import net.jxta.discovery.DiscoveryService; import net.jxta.document.AdvertisementFactory; import net.jxta.document.Element; import net.jxta.document.MimeMediaType; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocument; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocumentFactory; import

  17. DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor Technologies for Improved Grid Operations Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

  18. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2006-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2006-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY, $2.6 billion more than in 2005, when $25.1 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin were 1,306,706 tons valued at $3.9 billion, compared

  19. Irrigation systems are critical for food production and supporting regional economies. The efficiency of these systems plays an important role in the sustainable use of fresh water.The FarmNet project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    Irrigation systems are critical for food production and supporting regional economies$/hectare/year) · Lower peak demand on irrigation water distribution system resulting in improved quality of service benchmarked against fixed-schedule irrigation systems. Embedded Systems; Networked Systems; Making Sense

  20. Company Level Imports Archives

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21Company Level Imports Company Level

  1. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 39 #12; 40 EMSOL resetting the current model. Specification call ems itru(dspace, dspace, reason, userrtcd) On entry dspace. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit subroutine. Specified

  2. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 47 #12; 48 EMSOL) On entry dspace is the user­provided work area. Specified as: a one­dimensional real array of doublewords during ems sslv. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit

  3. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 41 #12; 42 EMSOL) On entry dspace is the user­provided work area. Specified as: a one­dimensional real array of doublewords during ems sslv. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit

  4. Autocatalytic models describing ruminal in situ digestion J Van Milgen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Autocatalytic models describing ruminal in situ digestion J Van Milgen INRA, Station de Recherche sur la Nutrition des Herbivores, Theix, 63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France Digestion of particulate avail- ability. Although microbes can be considered the cause of digestion, they are also the result

  5. Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1 1 University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham Tel. +44(0)787 299 3270 Email: kristin.stock@nottingham.ac.uk Web address: http, people tend to think in terms of informal semantics. Informal semantics take the form of cognitive models

  6. Human Pathogen Importation Importing "Human" Pathogens from Outside Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Human Pathogen Importation Importing "Human" Pathogens from Outside Canada 1) Permits be obtained from the Public Health Agency Canada (PHAC) to facilitate customs clearance. 2) If a permit

  7. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  8. Holdren describes STs 'rightful place' in administration | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundlesHistory NewHoldren describes

  9. Important Trinity / NERSC-8 Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RFP Important Trinity NERSC-8 Documents Important Trinity NERSC-8 Documents Trinity NERSC-8 Use Case Scenarios for Burst Buffer and Power Management PDF Facility Limits...

  10. Production design for plate products in the steel industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We describe an optimization tool for a multistage production process for ... plates. The problem we solve yields a production design (or plan) for rectangular plate.

  11. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weng, Zi-Hua, E-mail: xmuwzh@xmu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of electromagnetic field and of gravitational field can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  12. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of two fields can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  13. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2005-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2005-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY.2 billion more than in 2004, when $22.9 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,275,765 tons at $3.5 billion exported in 2004. Fresh and frozen items were 1,098,799 tons valued at $2

  14. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2004-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2004-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY.7 billion more than in 2003, when $21.3 billion of fishery products were imported. EXPORTS. U.S. exports,048,052 tons at $3.1 billion exported in 2003. Fresh and frozen items were 1,091,057 tons valued at $2

  15. A framework for describing correlated excitation of solar p modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Chaplin; Y. Elsworth; T. Toutain

    2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous paper we suggested that, for a given p mode, the excitation function is the same as the component of the solar background noise that has an identical surface spherical harmonic projection (over the corresponding range of temporal frequency). An important consequence of this surmise is that the excitation of overtones of a given angular degree and azimuthal order will be correlated in time. In this note, we introduce the basic principles and a mathematical description of correlated mode excitation. We use simple, illustrative examples, involving two modes. Our treatment suggests that in the real observations, any signatures of the correlation would not appear as a correlation of the output amplitudes of overtones, but rather as subtle modifications to the power spectral density at frequencies between the central frequencies of the overtones. These modifications give a contribution to the observed peak asymmetries.

  16. Important driving forces in livestock production and agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Steven R.

    feed to biofuels. Fluctuating energy cost and substantial externalities, those by sector Global Food Supply: The Livestock Challenge in the 21st Century The rapid increase of intensive billion of the world's poor. Employs 1.3 billion people. Growth and changes in the livestock sector

  17. 1648 PHYTOPATHOLOGY Cacao Diseases: Important Threats to Chocolate Production Worldwide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, Thomas C.

    on propagative material with witches' broom resistance. Ceratocystis wilt of cacao causes wilting and death in the secondary xylem. Machete blades are an efficient means by which the pathogen spreads (21), hence the common (chlamydospores) and conidia of the pathogen and may be carried by wind or rain splash to wounds on other trees

  18. Management of Imported Fire Ants in Cattle Production Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuchs, Thomas W.; Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication can help ranch managers develop integrated pest management plans for managing fire ant problems in cattle operations. It covers the specifics of managing fire ants in hay pastures and rangelands, around farm ponds, and near...

  19. Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site.1 Relative Standard Errors forA2. For9,250NetThousand

  20. East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688 760,877SouthwestWisconsinStatement 1 June2009 2010 2011

  1. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity UseFoot) YearNetperMTBE (Oxygenate) Other

  2. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|Idahothe New FundingTravel TravelU.S.ChangeU.S.US

  3. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15GasMTBE (Oxygenate)

  4. East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work4/11Computational Earth SciencePipeline, Tanker,MTBE

  5. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBG 0 20 40 60 8079,

  6. Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April 25, 20137a.06RetailConventional

  7. U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalThe Outlook269,023Year69,023 291,003 291,168

  8. West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalTheE. Great Basin Oil andBOE ReserveDistillate Fuel

  9. Midwest (PADD 2) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of28Fuel Ethanol

  10. U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New120,814 136,9322009 2010(Billion CubicCrude

  11. West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content4,367,470 4,364,790 4,363,909 4,363,143 4,363,967 4,363,549 1973-2015 Alaska 14,197 14,197Cubic Feet)

  12. Importance of Biomass Production and Supply | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment of Energy IRSJuly 2012 |Energy

  13. U.S. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensity Energy intensity4.Jan-15,8,967 9,387

  14. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTestFeedEnergyUC Davis ModelsDAVID4, 2013Department ofUS

  15. Plant Importation Importing "Plant Material" From Outside Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant Importation Importing "Plant Material" From Outside Canada 1) Determine whether) If a permit is required from the CFIA* (a division of Agriculture Canada), please go to the CFIA website Agency Canada (PHAC) or the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). #12;

  16. Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

    Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free..., the US Su- preme Court refused to hear appeals from import- ers Rack Room Shoes Inc. and Forever 21 Inc., thereby blocking their attempts to challenge an earlier ruling by the Court of Internation- al Trade. The importers had argued before the Court...

  17. Importance of Flexible Electricity Supply: Solar Integration Series. 1 of 3 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first out of a series of three fact sheets describing the importance of flexible electricity supply.

  18. Adaptively Learning an Importance Function Using Transport Constrained Monte Carlo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, T.E.

    1998-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that a Monte Carlo estimate can be obtained with zero-variance if an exact importance function for the estimate is known. There are many ways that one might iteratively seek to obtain an ever more exact importance function. This paper describes a method that has obtained ever more exact importance functions that empirically produce an error that is dropping exponentially with computer time. The method described herein constrains the importance function to satisfy the (adjoint) Boltzmann transport equation. This constraint is provided by using the known form of the solution, usually referred to as the Case eigenfunction solution.

  19. Handleiding Import & Export RSS Feeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding Import & Export RSS Feeds Version: 1.0 RSS Feeds Date: 17-04-2013 #12;2 Exporteren RSS bestand. 1) Selecteer "Import and export.." 2) Selecteer "Export to a file" en vervolgens "Next" #12;3 3) Selecteer "Feeds" en vervolgens "Next" 4) Selecteer "Export" Wanneer u geen locatie opgeeft, zal Internet

  20. Steam Coal Import Costs - EIA

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Steam Coal Import Costs for Selected Countries U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton1 (Average Unit Value, CIF2) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Belgium 46.96 39.34...

  1. Technical Notes TECHNICAL NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choueiri, Edgar

    of the date of receipt. Style requirements are the same as for regular contributions (see inside back cover transform of the voltage at any node n x = length of transmission line min = smallest wavelength present be significantly corrupted by the action of the external power-supply circuitry; therefore, power-supply effects

  2. Engineering Notes ENGINEERING NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are one of the main interests in these works, and the feedback control laws were generally synthesized the effects of minor perturbations other than the gravitational force from the (point mass) Earth are ignored control law that guides a chaser (or a deputy) to dock with a target (or a chief) with a desired

  3. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2007-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2007-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin in 2007 were 1,263,778 tons valued at $4.0 billion, compared with 1,306,706 tons at $4.0 billion exported in 2006. Exports of fresh

  4. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2011-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2011-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY, $3.4 billion more than in 2010. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery products of domestic origin exported in 2010. Exports of fresh and frozen items were 1,292,684 tons valued at $4.3 billion, an increase

  5. Argentina: export-biased growth versus import-biased growth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Michael Page

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    when oil was first discovered near Gomodoro Rivadavia, the Argentine government has been engaged in oil production by means of the state-owned company Yacimientos Petrolfferos Fiscales. However, in 1916, foreign firms began production... importer of oil until the Frondizi government. During the period 1958 to 1962, Frondizi made contracts with foreign oil companies giving them authority to act as agents for Yacimientos Patroliferos Fiscales in the production of oil. The result...

  6. Argentina: export-biased growth versus import-biased growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Michael Page

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    when oil was first discovered near Gomodoro Rivadavia, the Argentine government has been engaged in oil production by means of the state-owned company Yacimientos Petrolfferos Fiscales. However, in 1916, foreign firms began production... importer of oil until the Frondizi government. During the period 1958 to 1962, Frondizi made contracts with foreign oil companies giving them authority to act as agents for Yacimientos Patroliferos Fiscales in the production of oil. The result...

  7. Water issues associated with heavy oil production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J. A.; Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Crude oil occurs in many different forms throughout the world. An important characteristic of crude oil that affects the ease with which it can be produced is its density and viscosity. Lighter crude oil typically can be produced more easily and at lower cost than heavier crude oil. Historically, much of the nation's oil supply came from domestic or international light or medium crude oil sources. California's extensive heavy oil production for more than a century is a notable exception. Oil and gas companies are actively looking toward heavier crude oil sources to help meet demands and to take advantage of large heavy oil reserves located in North and South America. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in California and Venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands (called oil sands in Canada). These are described in more detail in the next chapter. Water is integrally associated with conventional oil production. Produced water is the largest byproduct associated with oil production. The cost of managing large volumes of produced water is an important component of the overall cost of producing oil. Most mature oil fields rely on injected water to maintain formation pressure during production. The processes involved with heavy oil production often require external water supplies for steam generation, washing, and other steps. While some heavy oil processes generate produced water, others generate different types of industrial wastewater. Management and disposition of the wastewater presents challenges and costs for the operators. This report describes water requirements relating to heavy oil production and potential sources for that water. The report also describes how water is used and the resulting water quality impacts associated with heavy oil production.

  8. Importance of life cycle assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bridges, J.S.

    1994-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a tool to assist the waste professional with integrated waste management. LCA can be the connection between the waste professional and designer/producer to permit the waste professional to encourage the design of products so material recovery is most efficient and markets can be better predicted. The waste professional can better monitor the involvement of the consumer in waste management by using LCA and looking upstream at how the consumer actually reacts to products and packaging. LCA can also help the waste professional better understand the waste stream.

  9. Total Imports of Residual Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product: TotalCountry:

  10. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2008-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2008-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY and nonedible fishery imports was $28.5 billion in 2008, $0.3 billion less than in 2007. EXPORTS. U.S. exports with 1,263,778 tons at $4.01 billion exported in 2007. Exports of fresh and frozen items were 1

  11. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2009-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2009-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY imports was $21.8 billion in 2009, $6.6 billion less than in 2008. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery,161,843 tons at $3.99 billion exported in 2008. Exports of fresh and frozen items were 987,330 tons valued

  12. CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2010-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CURRENT FISHERIES STATISTICS NO. 2010-2 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF FISHERY PRODUCTS ANNUAL SUMMARY imports was $27.4 billion in 2010, $3.8 billion more than in 2009. EXPORTS. U.S. exports of edible fishery,119,732 tons at $3.74 billion exported in 2009. Exports of fresh and frozen items were 1,077,310 tons valued

  13. USER MANUAL IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    or local power company. For products intended to operate from battery power, or other sources, refer service personnel.. 16.Ventilation - Slots and openings in the cabinet are provided for ventilation or rack unless proper ventilation is the manufacturers instructions have been adhered to. 17.Attachments

  14. Exact solution for the Green's function describing time-dependent thermal Comptonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Becker

    2003-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an exact, closed-form expression for the time-dependent Green's function solution to the Kompaneets equation. The result, which is expressed as the integral of a product of two Whittaker functions, describes the evolution in energy space of a photon distribution that is initially monoenergetic. Effects of spatial transport within a homogeneous scattering cloud are also included within the formalism. The Kompaneets equation that we solve includes both the recoil and energy diffusion terms, and therefore our solution for the Green's function approaches the Wien spectrum at large times. We show that the Green's function can be used to generate all of the previously known steady-state and time-dependent solutions to the Kompaneets equation. The new solution allows the direct determination of the spectrum, without the need to numerically solve the partial differential equation. Based upon the Green's function, we obtain a new time-dependent solution for the photon distribution resulting from the reprocessing of an optically thin bremsstrahlung initial spectrum with a low-energy cutoff. The new bremsstrahlung solution possesses a finite photon number density, and therefore it displays proper equilibration to a Wien spectrum at large times. The relevance of our results for the interpretation of emission from variable X-ray sources is discussed, with particular attention to the production of hard X-ray time lags, and the Compton broadening of narrow features such as iron lines.

  15. Coking Coal Import Costs - EIA

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Import Costs for Selected Countries U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton1 (Average Unit Value, CIF2) Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Belgium 48.67 46.59 49.25 78.98...

  16. Product Development Practices for Meeting Financial Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makumbe, Pedzi

    2009-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports product development practices that separate the most successful product development programs from the rest. A detailed understanding of best product development practices is important because product ...

  17. State power plant productivity programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings of a working group formed to review the status of efforts by utilities and utility regulators to increase the availability and reliability of generating units are presented. Representatives from nine state regulatory agencies, NRRI, and DOE, participated on the Working Group. The Federal government has been working cooperatively with utilities, utility organizations, and with regulators to encourage and facilitate improvements in power plant productivity. Cooperative projects undertaken with regulatory and energy commissions in California, Illinois, New York, Ohio, Texas, North Carolina and Mighigan are described. Following initiation of these cooperative projects, DOE funded a survey to determine which states were explicitly addressing power plant productivity through the regulatory process. The Working Group was formed following completion of this survey. The Working Group emphasized the need for those power plant productivity improvements which are cost effective. The cost effectiveness of proposed availability improvement projects should be determined within the context of opportunities for operating and capital improvements available to an entire utility. The Working Group also identified the need for: allowing for plant designs that have a higher construction cost, but are also more reliable; allowing for recovery and reducing recovery lags for productivity-related capital expenditures; identifying and reducing disincentives in the regulatory process; ascertaining that utilities have sufficient money available to undertake timely maintenance; and support of EPRI and NERC to develop a relevant and accurate national data base. The DOE views these as extremely important aspects of any regulatory program to improve power plant productivity.

  18. Improving Construction Workflow- The Role of Production Planning and Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamzeh, Farook

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LPS) for production planning and control. It describes theFRAMEWORK FOR PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL Chapter 5The Role of Production Planning and Control by Farook Ramiz

  19. Inclusive Production of the X(3872)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Braaten

    2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    If the X(3872) is a loosely-bound D^{*0} Dbar^0 / D^0 Dbar^{*0} molecule, its inclusive production rate can be described by the NRQCD factorization formalism that applies to inclusive quarkonium production. We argue that if the molecule has quantum numbers J^{PC} = 1^{++}, the most important term in the factorization formula should be the color-octet ^3S_1 term. This is also one of the two most important terms in the factorization formulas for chi_{cJ}. Since the color-octet ^3S_1 term dominates chi_{cJ} production for many processes, the ratio of the inclusive direct production rates for X and chi_{cJ} should be roughly the same for these processes. The assumption that the ratio of the production rates for X and chi_{cJ} is the same for all processes is used to estimate the inclusive production rate of X in B meson decays, Z^0 decays, and in p pbar collisions.

  20. Determining Vulnerability Importance in Environmental Impact Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toro, Javier, E-mail: jjtoroca@unal.edu.co [Institute of Environmental Studies, National University of Colombia, Bogota (Colombia); Duarte, Oscar, E-mail: ogduartev@unal.edu.co [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National University of Colombia, Bogota (Colombia); Requena, Ignacio, E-mail: requena@decsai.ugr.es [Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Granada (Spain); Zamorano, Montserrat, E-mail: zamorano@ugr.es [Department of Civil Engineering, University of Granada (Spain)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of vulnerability has been used to describe the susceptibility of physical, biotic, and social systems to harm or hazard. In this sense, it is a tool that reduces the uncertainties of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) since it does not depend exclusively on the value assessments of the evaluator, but rather is based on the environmental state indicators of the site where the projects or activities are being carried out. The concept of vulnerability thus reduces the possibility that evaluators will subjectively interpret results, and be influenced by outside interests and pressures during projects. However, up until now, EIA has been hindered by a lack of effective methods. This research study analyzes the concept of vulnerability, defines Vulnerability Importance and proposes its inclusion in qualitative EIA methodology. The method used to quantify Vulnerability Importance is based on a set of environmental factors and indicators that provide a comprehensive overview of the environmental state. The results obtained in Colombia highlight the usefulness and objectivity of this method since there is a direct relation between this value and the environmental state of the departments analyzed. - Research Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The concept of vulnerability could be considered defining Vulnerability Importance included in qualitative EIA methodology. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The use of the concept of environmental vulnerability could reduce the subjectivity of qualitative methods of EIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A method to quantify the Vulnerability Importance proposed provides a comprehensive overview of the environmental state. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results in Colombia highlight the usefulness and objectivity of this method.

  1. Production design for plate products in the steel industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeeb Dash

    2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 5, 2007 ... Abstract: We describe an optimization tool for a multistage production process for rectangular steel plates. The problem we solve yields a ...

  2. Important material considerations in INTOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou, M.A.; Mattas, R.F.; Smith, D.L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of important material-related problems were identified and analyzed during the Phase-I study for INTOR. The first wall and divertor collector plate are subjected to severe normal and off-normal conditions. A melt layer is predicted to develop in a bare stainless steel wall under plasma disruptions. Graphite tiles will not melt but they introduce other serious uncertainties into the design. The design strategy for the divertor collector plate focused on separating the surface and high heat flux problems and on utilizing a novel mechanical design concept for attaching tungsten tiles to a stainless steel (or copper) heat sink.

  3. Important Trinity / NERSC-8 Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFP » Important Trinity / NERSC-8 Documents

  4. IMPORTANCE OF SAFETY CULTURE ASSESSMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spitalnik, J.

    2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Safety Management has lately been considered by some Nuclear Regulatory agencies as the tool on which to concentrate their efforts to implement modern regulation structures, because Safety Culture was said to be difficult to monitor. However, Safety Culture can be assessed and monitored even if it is problematical to make Safety Culture the object of regulation. This paper stresses the feasibility and importance of Safety Culture Assessment based on self-assessment applications performed in several nuclear organizations in Latin America. Reasons and ownership for assessing Safety Culture are discussed, and relevant aspects considered for setting up and programming such an assessment are shown. Basic principles that were taken into account, as well as financial and human resources used in actual self-assessments are reviewed, including the importance of adequate statistical analyses and the necessity of proper feed-back of results. The setting up of action plans to enhance Safety Culture is the final step of the assessment program that once implemented will enable to establish a Safety Culture monitoring process within the organization.

  5. Power production and ADS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raja, Rajendran; /Fermilab

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the power production process in Accelerator Driven Sub-critical systems employing Thorium-232 and Uranium-238 as fuel and examine the demands on the power of the accelerator required.

  6. Proposal for ENDF formats that describe emission of post-fission beta-delayed photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D; Pruet, J; Hedstrom, G; Hall, J; Descalle, M

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Fission of heavy nuclides is accompanied by the birth of neutron rich fragment nuclei born in highly excited states. Following emission of prompt neutrons and {gamma}-rays, these fragments are typically left with atomic numbers that are 3-4 units smaller than stable nuclei with the same mass number. As these nuclides undergo {beta} decay to reach stability, a large number of {gamma}-rays are emitted. Figure 1 illustrates some of the processes leading to emission of {beta} delayed photons. A variety of applications (most notably those concerned with the detection and identification of clandestine fissile material) would benefit from a clear description of the spectral and temporal evolution of these {gamma}-rays. This proposal describes formats for representing emission of delayed photons and is based on the analysis presented in. At the present time, no single evaluated data set exists that directly provides for the temporal evolution of {gamma} rays from the decay of the fission products. However, evaluated data sets containing all of the physical parameters required for such calculations have been prepared. These include estimates of the independent and cumulative fission yields of all fission products, branching ratios in the decay of ground and isomeric states, lifetimes of these states, and the spectra of {gamma} rays emitted in their decay. Sizeable uncertainties and possibly significant errors are likely present concerning the shortest-lived fission products. However, the high-energy {gamma}-ray spectra generated from some of these data sets have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with initial experiments designed specifically to test them under conditions likely to be of interest to interrogation of sea-going cargo containers. For clarity we emphasize that the relationship between delayed neutron emission and delayed photon emission is tenuous. Only a small fraction of fission fragments - typically those characterized by large decay Q values - undergo {beta}{sup -}n emission. However, essentially all fission fragment decays result in the emission of a few photons. Also, it would be impractical to accurately specify and measure energies of delayed neutrons. By contrast, most fission fragments have decay spectra known to sub-keV accuracy that are readily resolved with inexpensive field HpGe detectors.

  7. EIAs U.S. Crude Oil Import Tracking Tool

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    onshore production will be dominated by light crudes, issues surrounding the absorption of domestic crude by increased runs, by like-for-like replacement of import streams...

  8. The effect of imports on export development : a network analytical view of international trade in music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu-Shore, Jesse Conan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the effects of imports on export development? Would low influence from imports provide more opportunity to local producers to develop radically new products that could later be exported as a uniquely local ...

  9. Letter Report Describing the Analyses and Reports that were Forecast to be Completed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and expanded Subtasks for Task 12 included bioenergy analyses, energy and economic development, production of bioenergy production systems. Specific work completed as part of the above Subtasks included the following

  10. Model calculations of nuclear data for biologically-important elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, M.B.; Blann, M.; Reffo, G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Young, P.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe calculations of neutron-induced reactions on carbon and oxygen for incident energies up to 70 MeV, the relevant clinical energy in radiation neutron therapy. Our calculations using the FKK-GNASH, GNASH, and ALICE codes are compared with experimental measurements, and their usefulness for modeling reactions on biologically-important elements is assessed.

  11. Workload Class Importance Policy in Autonomic Database Management Harley Boughton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to resource allocation decisions in a database management system (DBMS). We focus on business policies that describe the relative importance of competing workloads on a DBMS. We present experiments with a simulation can be used to effectively allocate main memory resources in a commercial DBMS. 1. Introduction

  12. Sustainable hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, D.L.; Linkous, C.; Muradov, N.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the Sustainable Hydrogen Production research conducted at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) for the past year. The report presents the work done on the following four tasks: Task 1--production of hydrogen by photovoltaic-powered electrolysis; Task 2--solar photocatalytic hydrogen production from water using a dual-bed photosystem; Task 3--development of solid electrolytes for water electrolysis at intermediate temperatures; and Task 4--production of hydrogen by thermocatalytic cracking of natural gas. For each task, this report presents a summary, introduction/description of project, and results.

  13. FISHERY PRODUCTS SITUATION Consumption of fishery products is ex-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Per -capita sales likely will be near 11.2 pounds--down from 11.4 pounds in 1970. Consumption had beenFISHERY PRODUCTS SITUATION Consumption of fishery products is ex- pected to be off a little in 1971 to attract more imports in 1971 . Since U.S. fish consumption is about 550/0-de- pendent on imports

  14. CMB: The ultimate test for theoretical models aiming at describing the very early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairi Sakellariadou

    2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this talk, I will illustrate how one can use the cosmic microwave background anisotropy measurements, in order to test theoretical models aiming at describing the early universe.

  15. Sunspot Unit Areas: A New Parameter to Describe the Long-term Solar Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    650011, China Big Bear Solar Observatory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Big Bear City, CA 92314Sunspot Unit Areas: A New Parameter to Describe the Long-term Solar Variability K.J. Li1,2 , J. Qiu). It describes the daily average size of sunspots produced by the dynamo in a solar cycle. The monthly average

  16. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely arrangements and in the wider context of protein folding, function and evolution. Given the complicated nature

  17. Isotope Research 229 Th production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isotope Research ­ 229 Th production We recently completed an ARRA-funded project of this type on 229 Th production reactions [Str11]. This long-lived isotope is important as a precursor to 225 Ac of accelerator production of 229 Th via the 230 Th(p,2n)229 Pa reaction. The 229 Pa decays primarily by electron

  18. Collaborative Product and Process Model: Multiple Viewpoints Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , product information, process information, product lifecycle management 1 Introduction In today lifecycle management becomes much more important. Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) is a strategic business related to product lifecycle. This kind of collaboration depends on exchanging and sharing adequate

  19. Importance and sensitivity of parameters affecting the Zion Seismic Risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, L.L.; O'Connell, W.J.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a study on the importance and sensitivity of structures, systems, equipment, components and design parameters used in the Zion Seismic Risk Calculations. This study is part of the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP) supported by the NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. The objective of this study is to provide the NRC with results on the importance and sensitivity of parameters used to evaluate seismic risk. These results can assist the NRC in making decisions dealing with the allocation of research resources on seismic issues. This study uses marginal analysis in addition to importance and sensitivity analysis to identify subject areas (input parameter areas) for improvements that reduce risk, estimate how much the improvement dfforts reduce risk, and rank the subject areas for improvements. Importance analysis identifies the systems, components, and parameters that are important to risk. Sensitivity analysis estimates the change in risk per unit improvement. Marginal analysis indicates the reduction in risk or uncertainty for improvement effort made in each subject area. The results described in this study were generated using the SEISIM (Systematic Evaluation of Important Safety Improvement Measures) and CHAIN computer codes. Part 1 of the SEISIM computer code generated the failure probabilities and risk values. Part 2 of SEISIM, along with the CHAIN computer code, generated the importance and sensitivity measures.

  20. Using Imported Graphics in LATEX and pdfLATEX Keith Reckdahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    Using Imported Graphics in LATEX and pdfLATEX Keith Reckdahl epslatex at yahoo dot com Version 3.0.1 January 12, 2006 This document describes first how to import graphics into LATEX documents and then covers of Contents starting on page 5 or the Index starting on page 122. Importing graphics begins with specifying

  1. Adaptive Importance Sampling via Stochastic Convex Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adaptive Importance Sampling via Stochastic Convex Programming Ernest K. Ryu1 and Stephen P. Boyd1 Abstract We show that the variance of the Monte Carlo estimator that is importance sam- pled from

  2. U.S. LNG Imports from Oman

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  3. U.S. LNG Imports from Egypt

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  4. U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  5. U.S. LNG Imports from Indonesia

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  6. U.S. LNG Imports from Brunei

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  7. U.S. LNG Imports from Peru

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  8. U.S. LNG Imports from Yemen

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  9. U.S. LNG Imports from Norway

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  10. U.S. LNG Imports from Qatar

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  11. U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  12. U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  13. U.S. LNG Imports from Australia

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  14. Pretreated densified biomass products

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dale, Bruce E; Ritchie, Bryan; Marshall, Derek

    2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A product comprising at least one densified biomass particulate of a given mass having no added binder and comprised of a plurality of lignin-coated plant biomass fibers is provided, wherein the at least one densified biomass particulate has an intrinsic density substantially equivalent to a binder-containing densified biomass particulate of the same given mass and h a substantially smooth, non-flakey outer surface. Methods for using and making the product are also described.

  15. 5, 47014738, 2005 The importance of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 5, 4701­4738, 2005 The importance of mesoscale to forecast air pollution J. L. Palau et al and Physics Discussions The importance of meteorological scales to forecast air pollution scenarios. 4701 #12;ACPD 5, 4701­4738, 2005 The importance of mesoscale to forecast air pollution J. L. Palau et

  16. Title of Dissertation: A COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING AND DESCRIBING INTRODUCTORY STUDENTS' USE AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: A COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING AND DESCRIBING INTRODUCTORY Dissertation directed by: Professor Edward F. Redish Department of Physics Many introductory, algebra Tuminaro Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland

  17. Classical potential describes martensitic phase transformations between the , , and titanium phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkins, John

    Classical potential describes martensitic phase transformations between the , , and titanium phases of titanium that includes nucleation and growth requires an accurate classical potential. Optimization transformations. Molecular-dynamics simulations map out the pressure-temperature phase diagram of titanium

  18. Electric-Field Control of Magnetism Intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling describes the microscopic interaction between magnetic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Electric-Field Control of Magnetism Intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling describes the microscopic interaction between magnetic and electric polarization in a single-phase material. The control of the magnetic of the two interactions. Moderate biaxial compression precipitates local magnetic competition

  19. On the construction and properties of weak solutions describing dynamic cavitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miroshnikov, Alexey

    On the construction and properties of weak solutions describing dynamic cavitation (In: Journal associated with dynamically cavitating solutions coincides with the critical stretching in the bifurcation with contents. Keywords: Cavitation, Shock wave, Polyconvex elasticity Mathematics Subject Classification: 35L67

  20. HARBEC's $52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and track their level of success," said Jeff Eisenhauer, energy manager at HARBEC. The case studies are a part of a growing suite of products that highlight the business value...

  1. Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breed, Greg Allen

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Oceanography CARBON FLOW AND ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS IN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER PLUME DESCRIBED BY INVERSE ANALYSIS A Thesis by GREG ALLEN BREED Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial... of Department) December 2002 Major Sublect: Oceanography ABSTRACT Carbon Flow and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Mississippi River Plume Described by Inverse Analysis. (December 2002) Greg Allen Breed, B. S. , University of Minnesota Chair of Advisory...

  2. Indecomposable Fusion Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Horst G. Kausch

    1996-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse the fusion products of certain representations of the Virasoro algebra for c=-2 and c=-7 which are not completely reducible. We introduce a new algorithm which allows us to study the fusion product level by level, and we use this algorithm to analyse the indecomposable components of these fusion products. They form novel representations of the Virasoro algebra which we describe in detail. We also show that a suitably extended set of representations closes under fusion, and indicate how our results generalise to all (1,q) models.

  3. The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock as an anvil to crush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo

    The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock by underscoring the importance of comparative studies on tool use in fishes. Two similar occasions of tool use to also use these forms of tools. The presence or absence of such a behavior in other groups of fishes

  4. Navier-Stokes equation describes the movement of a special superfluid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbitnev, Valeriy I

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Navier-Stokes equation contains two terms which have been subjected to slight modification: (a) the viscosity term depends of time (the viscosity in average on time is zero, but its variance is nonzero); (b) the pressure gradient contains an added term describing the entropy gradient multiplied by the pressure. Owing to these modifications, the Navier-Stokes equation can be reduced to the Schr\\"odinger equation describing behavior of a particle into the vacuum, where the vacuum is a superfluid medium. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long life owing to zero average viscosity. The nonzero variance describes exchange of the vortex energy with zero-point energy of the vacuum. Radius of the vortex trembles around some average value. This observation sheds the light to the Zitterbewegung phenomenon. The vortex has a non-zero core where the vortex velocity vanishes. Its organization is discussed with the point of view of the Calabi-Yau manifold.

  5. Extending Bass for Improved New Product Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, David

    for new products is increasingly difficult as the technology treadmill drives product lifecycles shorter and shorter. The task is even more challenging for electronic goods, where product lifecycles are measured that emerges during the product lifecycle. We describe a successful implementation of this model at Intel

  6. Geothermal: Website Policies and Important Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Website Policies and Important Links Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs...

  7. Plasmon Length: A Universal Parameter to Describe Size Effects in Gold Nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    Plasmon Length: A Universal Parameter to Describe Size Effects in Gold Nanoparticles Emilie Ringe surface plasmon resonances are central to many sensing and signal transmission applications. Tuning of the plasmon energy and line width through particle size and shape is critical to the design of such devices

  8. The ChiCI Group This paper describes the work, the vision, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    welcomes associate members from similar research groups around the globe. Eight of the full membersThe ChiCI Group Abstract This paper describes the work, the vision, and the approach of the Child Computer Interaction (ChiCI) group at the University of Central Lancashire in the UK. This group, formed

  9. 76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data Charalampos interests: the authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Abstract Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a group of diseases characterized by a structural anomaly of the heart that is pre- sent

  10. ABSTRACT: This paper describes one Learning in Optimal Non-linear Control *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    Functional ABSTRACT: This paper describes one Learning in Optimal Non-linear Control * ~. Irlicht of nonfinear systems is to apply f{.~wiback control based on plant linearization and application of linear qll)irve robustness in optimization control working with a linearized .tatr-depenrlent plant model. I;vel] wit 1

  11. A simplified approach to describe complex diffusers in displacement ventilation for CFD simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    A simplified approach to describe complex diffusers in displacement ventilation for CFD simulations to improve indoor air quality while simultaneously reduce energy demand, displacement ventilation is becom ent ventilation usin g com putational fluid dynamics (CFD) is challenging due to the com plexity

  12. The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and distribution University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1 Taxonomic inventories (or species censuses) are the most to the completeness of taxonomic inventories can have far-reaching consequences. Here, we used the largest publicly

  13. FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM This brochure describes the flood warning system operated by the Australian Government,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    's Flood Warning Centre in Brisbane. The system provides early warning of heavy rainfall and river risesFLOOD WARNING SYSTEM for the DON RIVER This brochure describes the flood warning system operated Local Information Don ALERT System Flood Warnings and Bulletins Interpreting Flood Warnings and River

  14. Application of Optimal Control to a System Describing Tumor Anti-Angiogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledzewicz, Urszula

    Application of Optimal Control to a System Describing Tumor Anti-Angiogenesis Urszula Ledzewicz of optimal protocols. The most typical scenario of optimal controls is given by first giving full dose minimum. Keywords-- optimal control, mathematical models for can- cer treatments, anti-angiogenic therapy

  15. How to retrieve multimedia documents described by MPEG-7 Nastaran Fatemi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalmas, Mounia

    1 How to retrieve multimedia documents described by MPEG-7 Nastaran Fatemi 1 , Mounia Lalmas 2 of web pages so that to considerably improve the access to this content. Bringing meaning to multimedia content is the aim of the MPEG-7 standard. However, merely attaching MPEG-7 descriptions to multimedia

  16. SCS&E Report 9309 Using CSP+T to Describe a Timing Constrained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    SCS&E Report 9309 July, 1993 Using CSP+T to Describe a Timing Constrained Stop-and-Wait Protocol This paper presents a novel description of a time-constrained stop and wait protocol using an extended CSP rate limi- tations and message timeouts. The extended CSP model used for this example is based

  17. Abstract PCR recombination describes a process of in vitro chimera formation from non-identical templates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendel, Jonathan F.

    Abstract PCR recombination describes a process of in vitro chimera formation from non") in a common nu- cleus, intergenic chimeras can form during the PCR am- plification of any gene. Here we report transcripts amplified via RT-PCR (Zaphiropoulos 1998). Chimera formation appears to be minimally influenced

  18. Invasive species Invasive species have been described as the second-greatest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark A.

    ····· Invasive species Invasive species have been described as the second-greatest extinction species a major cause of animal extinctions, or has the extinction threat of invasive species been exaggerated? By what mechanisms have invasive species driven animal species to extinction? Are certain animal

  19. draft ACE Co-Curricular Request Form Describe the co-curricular activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    draft ACE Co-Curricular Request Form Describe the co-curricular activity: Identify the ACE Learning Outcome that is proposed to be satisfied by this co-curricular activity: ______ The Outcomes or skills that would be reinforced by the co-curricular activity (check as many as apply): Writing Oral Communication

  20. An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    1 An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- Web resources can be located and accessed through the Internet to provide information and functionalities to users. However, different types of web resources (e.g., Web Services, RESTful services

  1. Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries (SOH) of cells. Index Terms--Lithium-ion batteries, Aging, EIS, State Of Charge, State Of Health, Fuzzy Logic System. I. INTRODUCTION Lithium ion secondary batteries are now being used in wide applications

  2. Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics and analyzing multi-variate dependence in econometrics; see, e.g., [1­3, 7, 9­11, 13, 14, 21]. Our experience problems of econometrics, there is still a lot of confusion and misunderstanding related to vine copulas

  3. High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Stephen John

    High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you Response on your (home or work) computer to access the High Performance Computing Facilities (HPC) - (tick all High Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities? Response Percent Response Count Daily 26.7% 23 Weekly 27

  4. The two faces of network dynamics Evolving network models describe the dynamics (assembly, evolution)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, Réka

    with a random network with a given degree distribution P(k). Mark edges with probability T. DisregardThe two faces of network dynamics Evolving network models describe the dynamics (assembly, evolution) OF networks by the addition/removal of nodes and edges. It is possible to have network dynamics

  5. An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juelicher, Frank

    Article An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions, sounds that are known as spontaneous otoacoustic emissions. They are a signature of the active amplification mechanism in the cochlea. Emissions occur at frequencies that are unique for an individual

  6. On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads, USA Keywords: Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, inflow turbulence, wind turbine ABSTRACT: We discuss experienced by a wind turbine. A methodology is proposed that employs low- dimensional POD models

  7. EVAPORATION LAW IN KINETIC GRAVITATIONAL SYSTEMS DESCRIBED BY SIMPLIFIED LANDAU MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Méhats, Florian

    EVAPORATION LAW IN KINETIC GRAVITATIONAL SYSTEMS DESCRIBED BY SIMPLIFIED LANDAU MODELS PIERRE to a mathematical and numerical study of a simplified kinetic model for evaporation phenomena in gravitational) is the gravitational potential and (u) is the following 3 Ã? 3 matrix (u)ij = |u|2ij - uiuj |u|2 , (1.2) 1 #12;2 P

  8. Platform Based Designs for Future MPSoC Architectures This paper describes our communication centric platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Tughrul

    Platform Based Designs for Future MPSoC Architectures ABSTRACT This paper describes our communication centric platform based designs for future multi-processor system-on-chip (MPSoC) architectures. The proposed platforms have built in controller, thus making the heterogeneous IPs (reconfigurable, fixed

  9. Can gas hydrate structures be described using classical simulations? Maria M. Conde,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBride, Carl

    Can gas hydrate structures be described using classical simulations? Maria M. Conde,1 Carlos Vega,1.1063/1.3353953 I. INTRODUCTION Gas hydrates are icelike inclusion compounds formed from a matrix of water path-integral simulations of the hydrate solid structures have been performed using the recently

  10. Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology, and the next technological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeck, Peter

    Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology nanotechnology having a significant impact on society over the coming decades. However, enthusiasm over the rate. As nanotechnology moves toward widespread commercialization, not only is the debate over preventing adverse

  11. Abstract--This paper describes results involving the percentage cell lysis of SWLA-2 murine hybridomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Gabrielle A.

    ]. These techniques have also been used for cell-cell fusion, such as the production of monoclonal antibodies [3, 6, 7 and the pellet was re-suspended at 3 x 105 cells/ml. C. Electrical Equipment and Cuvettes Sinusoidal electric

  12. IMPORTED SOIL OR SOIL-FORMING MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IMPORTED SOIL OR SOIL-FORMING MATERIALS PLACEMENT BPG NOTE 5 Best Practice Guidance for Land of heavy industry. Soil material initially present on a site may have been removed or stored in bunds the original soil that has been stored or importing a soil from elsewhere or using a soil-forming material

  13. LED Color Stability: 10 Important Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This April 15, 2014 webinar examined the causes of color shift, and took a look at existing metrics used to describe color shift/color stability in LED lighting. The lumen maintenance lifetime of...

  14. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, A.F.; Howard, J.B.; Modestino, A.J.; Peters, W.A.

    1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400 C or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products. 12 figs.

  15. Method for production of magnesium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diaz, Alexander F. (Cambridge, MA); Howard, Jack B. (Winchester, MA); Modestino, Anthony J. (Hanson, MA); Peters, William A. (Lexington, MA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400.degree. C. or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products.

  16. Phytopathol. Mediterr. (2005) 44, 0000 This review describes in chronological order the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    that has captured the imagination of tree lovers and tim- ber companies alike. Costal forests of Northern California also include several additional timber- producing species such as Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga difficulties for re- generating coniferous timber species. However, tanoak plays important ecological roles

  17. Parallel cascades: New ways to describe noise transfer in medical imaging systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Ian

    Radiology, London Health Sciences Center and The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Use of the transfer-theory approach facilitates a straightforward generalization to many new digital for a specified ra- diation dose to the patient. While there are many aspects to ``image quality,'' one important

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    PRACTICE By Rudolph N. Kraus, Tarun R. Naik, and Yoon-moon Chun Report No. CBU-2006-12 REP-611 April 2006 to be mined, cement continues to be manufactured or imported, and energy is consumed in the processing briefly describes the uses of coal ash, wood ash, and used foundry sand, in concrete. Typically, one

  19. Core - Corona Model describes the Centrality Dependence of v_2/epsilon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Aichelin; K. Werner

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Event by event EPOS calculations in which the expansion of the system is described by {\\it ideal} hydrodynamics reproduce well the measured centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$, although it has been claimed that only viscous hydrodynamics can reproduce these data. This is due to the core - corona effect which manifests itself in the initial condition of the hydrodynamical expansion. The centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$ can be understood in the recently advanced core-corona model, a simple parameter free EPOS inspired model to describe the centrality dependence of different observables from SPS to RHIC energies. This model has already been successfully applied to understand the centrality dependence of multiplicities and of the average transverse momentum of identified particles.

  20. Heavy Flavour Production at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benno List; for the H1; ZEUS Collaborations

    2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of charm and beauty quarks in ep collisions at HERA has been studied by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations. Charm production is generally well described in total rate and in shape by next to leading order (NLO) calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics (QCD), although in specific phase space corners the NLO calculations underestimate the observed cross sections. More and more beauty production data are becoming available. For this process, NLO QCD predictions tend to be lower than the measurements.

  1. Crop Management Factors: What is Important?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastens, Terry L.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Nivens, Heather; Klinefelter, Danny A.

    1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Crop Management Factors: What is Important? Terry L. Kastens, Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Heather Nivens and Danny Klinefelter* Defining Good Farm Management Economically, a well-managed farm is one that consistently makes greater prof- its than similarly...

  2. A Dynamic Model with Import Quota Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basak, Suleyman

    2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis of import quotas is predominantly based on a static model, which is unable to capture the fact that a quota is imposed over a period of time. This article develops a continuous-time model ...

  3. Double Importance Sampling Val'erie Ventura

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Double Importance Sampling Val'erie Ventura Department of Statistics Carnegie Mellon University (Newton and Geyer, 1994, Ventura, 1998), where estimation must be made with respect to many first

  4. Production Trends of Shale Gas Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Waqar A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    To obtain better well performance and improved production from shale gas reservoirs, it is important to understand the behavior of shale gas wells and to identify different flow regions in them over a period of time. It is also important...

  5. Importance of bioenergy markets for the development of the global energy system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    international bioenergy markets are still in their infancy, international trade of biofuels, wood pellets are the large resources potential and low production costs of biomass in export countries such as Brazil are not the same as the countries that could become important biomass users. The largest biomass production

  6. Universal Product Design: Transforming User Activity Into Product Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostovich, Vincent

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Many people have disabilities and would like to have all of the amenities typical of daily life. Universal product design is important in designing for the disabled and creating user-friendly products for all people. The goal of this thesis...

  7. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal ProductionLiquefied Natural Gas Imports

  8. Identifying the importance of amino acids for protein folding from crystal structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    Identifying the importance of amino acids for protein folding from crystal structures Nikolay V and characterizing protein folding kinetics from crystal structures using computational techniques. We also describe as the protein folding prob- lem [1­25], is of great importance because understanding protein folding mechanisms

  9. Is one dimensional return map sufficient to describe the chaotic dynamics of a three dimensional system?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayan Mukherjee; Sanjay Kumar Palit; D K Bhattacharya

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Study of continuous dynamical system through Poincare map is one of the most popular topics in nonlinear analysis. This is done by taking intersections of the orbit of flow by a hyper-plane parallel to one of the coordinate hyper-planes of co-dimension one. Naturally for a 3D-attractor, the Poincare map gives rise to 2D points, which can describe the dynamics of the attractor properly. In a very special case, sometimes these 2D points are considered as their 1D-projections to obtain a 1D map. However, this is an artificial way of reducing the 2D map by dropping one of the variables. Sometimes it is found that the two coordinates of the points on the Poincare section are functionally related. This also reduces the 2D Poincare map to a 1D map. This reduction is natural, and not artificial as mentioned above. In the present study, this issue is being highlighted. In fact, we find out some examples, which show that even this natural reduction of the 2D Poincare map is not always justified, because the resultant 1D map may fail to generate the original dynamics. This proves that to describe the dynamics of the 3D chaotic attractor, the minimum dimension of the Poincare map must be two, in general.

  10. Superconductors described with CSM.(a new paper, 2008-10-16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of the known superconductors can be explained with the correlations dominated superconducting mechanism (CSM). The correlations have the spin correlation, the charge correlation and the spin-charge correlation, and their strengths can be described by the related correlation lengths in their correlation functions. Our evaluation from many superconductors is that superconductivities occur if both the spin correlation and the charge correlation are stronger, and the calculation of a Hubbard model showed that the spin-charge correlation may govern superconductivities1. Afterwards, this mechanism has led a model which includes various superconductivities and magnetisms, and the relation between superconductivities and magnetisms can be understood on this model2 (these results have been shown by calculations). This mechanism is very practical, for example, to turn a material into a superconductor or increase the Tc of a superconductor, what we will do is to increase the spin-charge correlation. In this letter, we first describe the relations between the spin-charge correlation, the spin correlation and the charge correlation, take these relations as the basis of constructing a new phase diagram, and then classify the known superconductors into various sections in this phase diagram. This letter also gives a new explanation about the pressure effect on Tc, the isotope effect on Tc and the pairing symmetry with the CSM.

  11. Quarkonium production at ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darren D Price

    2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of quarkonium is an important testing ground for QCD calculations. The J/\\psi\\ and \\Upsilon\\ production cross-sections are measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7~TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Differential cross-sections are presented as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity. The fraction of J/\\psi\\ produced in B-hadron decays is also measured and the differential cross-sections of prompt and non-prompt J/\\psi\\ production determined separately. Measurements of the fiducial production cross-section of the \\Upsilon(1S) and observation of the \\chi_{c,bJ} states are also discussed.

  12. Fact #837: September 8, Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    exports) were 6.2 million barrels per day in 2013 - the lowest since the 1980's (dark blue line). The widening gap between total imports (light blue line) and net imports (dark...

  13. Power management is important for multicore architectures. One important challenge for multicore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Daniel J.

    1 Abstract Power management is important for multicore architectures. One important challenge difficulty varies among designs, depending, for example, on the particular power management mechanisms systems motivate the development and evaluation of efficient power manage- ment solutions targeted

  14. Hydrogen Production R&D Activities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Production Hydrogen Production R&D Activities Hydrogen Production R&D Activities An important advantage to using hydrogen as an energy carrier is that it can be produced from a...

  15. Product Design for Energy: An Inverted Pyramid Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, B.; Alkadi, N. M.; Plummer, R. W.

    The product design function is important within the spectrum of the product life cycle. Manufacturing processes are likely to consume much energy, as evidenced in aluminum and steel industries. The product design parameters such as the material...

  16. Why is Mathematical Analysis Important? Haizhang Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Haizhang

    as a physicist for discovering the law of universal gravitation: Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation "The's average distance from the sun. are corollaries (logical consequences) to the law of universal gravitation gravitational attraction between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of the masses of the two

  17. Fourier Heat Conduction as a phenomenon described within the scope of the Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesudason, Christopher G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The historical development of the Carnot cycle necessitated the construction of isothermal and adiabatic pathways within the cycle that were also mechanically "reversible" which lead eventually to the Kelvin-Clausius development of the entropy function where the heat absorption is for the diathermal (isothermal) paths of the cycle only. It is deduced from traditional arguments that Fourier heat conduction involves mechanically "reversible" heat transfer with irreversible entropy increase. Here we model heat conduction as a thermodynamically reversible but mechanically irreversible process. The MD simulations conducted shows excellent agreement with the theory. Such views and results as these, if developed to a successful conclusion could imply that the Carnot cycle be viewed as describing a local process of energy-work conversion and that irreversible local processes might be brought within the scope of this cycle, implying a unified treatment of thermodynamically (i) irreversible, (ii) reversible, (iii) isot...

  18. Reconciling taxonomy and phylogenetic inference: formalism and algorithms for describing discord and inferring taxonomic roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsen, Frederick A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although taxonomy is often used informally to evaluate the results of phylogenetic inference and find the root of phylogenetic trees, algorithmic methods to do so are lacking. In this paper we formalize these procedures and develop algorithms to solve the relevant problems. In particular, we introduce a new algorithm that solves a "uncoloring" problem for expressing the difference between the taxonomy and phylogeny at a given rank. This algorithm improves upon the current best algorithm in terms of asymptotic complexity for the parameter regime of interest; we also describe a branch-and-bound algorithm that saves orders of magnitude in computation on real data sets. We also develop a formalism and an algorithm for rooting phylogenetic trees according to a taxonomy. All of these algorithms are implemented in freely-available software.

  19. Proton radioactivity described by covariant density functional theory with Similarity Renormalization Group method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang Zhao; Jian Min Dong; Jun Ling Song; Wen Hui Long

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-life of proton radioactivity of spherical proton emitters is studied within the scheme of covariant density functional (CDF) theory, and for the first time the potential barrier that prevents the emitted proton is extracted with the similarity renormalization group (SRG) method, in which the spin-orbit potential along with the others that turn out to be non-negligible can be derived automatically. The spectroscopic factor that is significant is also extracted from the CDF calculations. The estimated half-lives are found in good agreement with the experimental values, which not only confirms the validity of the CDF theory in describing the proton-rich nuclei, but also indicates the prediction power of present approach to calculate the half-lives and in turn to extract the structural information of proton emitters.

  20. Failure of semiclassical models to describe resistivity of nanometric, polycrystalline tungsten films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Dooho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Korea Railroad Research Institute, 360-1 Woulam, Uiwang, Kyunggi 437-757 (Korea, Republic of); Liu, Xuan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Schelling, Patrick K. [Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center and Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Coffey, Kevin R. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Barmak, Katayun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, 500 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of electron scattering at surfaces and grain boundaries in nanometric polycrystalline tungsten (W) films was studied. A series of polycrystalline W films ranging in thickness from 10 to 310?nm and lateral grain size from 74 to 133?nm were prepared on thermally oxidized Si. The Fuchs-Sondheimer surface-scattering model and Mayadas-Shatzkes grain-boundary scattering model were employed for quantitative analyses. Predictions from the theoretical models were found to deviate systematically from the experimental data. Possible reasons for the failure of the theoretical models to describe the experimental data are explored. Finally, a discussion of the crucial features lacking from existing models is presented, along with possible avenues for improving the models to result in better agreement with experimental data.

  1. Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Kroll, Jesse H.; Donahue, Neil M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Kessler, Sean H.; Canagaratna, Manjula R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Altieri, Katye E.; Mazzoleni, Lynn R.; Wozniak, Andrew S.; Bluhm, Hendrik; Mysak, Erin R.; Smith, Jared D.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.

    2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations, and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that organics play in human health, biogeochemical cycles, and Earth's climate. However, such an understanding is hindered by the immense chemical complexity of environmental mixtures of organics; for example, atmospheric organic aerosol consists of at least thousands of individual compounds, all of which likely evolve chemically over their atmospheric lifetimes. Here we demonstrate the utility of describing organic aerosol (and other complex organic mixtures) in terms of average carbon oxidation state (OSC), a quantity that always increases with oxidation, and is readily measured using state-of-the-art analytical techniques. Field and laboratory measurements of OSC , using several such techniques, constrain the chemical properties of the organics and demonstrate that the formation and evolution of organic aerosol involves simultaneous changes to both carbon oxidation state and carbon number (nC).

  2. Fourier Heat Conduction as a phenomenon described within the scope of the Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher G. Jesudason

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The historical development of the Carnot cycle necessitated the construction of isothermal and adiabatic pathways within the cycle that were also mechanically "reversible" which lead eventually to the Kelvin-Clausius development of the entropy function where the heat absorption is for the diathermal (isothermal) paths of the cycle only. It is deduced from traditional arguments that Fourier heat conduction involves mechanically "reversible" heat transfer with irreversible entropy increase. Here we model heat conduction as a thermodynamically reversible but mechanically irreversible process. The MD simulations conducted shows excellent agreement with the theory. Such views and results as these, if developed to a successful conclusion could imply that the Carnot cycle be viewed as describing a local process of energy-work conversion and that irreversible local processes might be brought within the scope of this cycle, implying a unified treatment of thermodynamically (i) irreversible, (ii) reversible, (iii) isothermal and (iv) adiabatic processes.

  3. A Dark Energy Model interacting with Dark Matter described by an effective EoS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martiros Khurshudyan

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this latter author would like to consider interaction between a dark energy based on Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) and a Dark Matter described by effective EoS: $P = (\\gamma-1)\\rho+p_{0}+\\omega_{H}H+\\omega_{H2}H^{2}+\\omega_{dH}\\dot{H}$ [1]-[3], which could be interpreted as a modification concerning to the some interaction between fluid $P=(\\gamma-1)\\rho$ with different components of the Darkness of the Universe. Two types of interaction, called sign-changeable, $Q=q(3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m})$ [4],[5] and $Q=3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m}$ are considered. EoS parameter of the mixture $\\omega_{tot}$ are investigated. Statefinder diagnostics provided also.

  4. Induced codeposition. 2: A mathematical model describing the electrodeposition of Ni-Mo alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlaha, E.J.; Landolt, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steady-state mathematical model was developed to predict the behavior of the induced codeposition of Ni-Mo alloys in the kinetic and mass-transport controlled regions on rotating cylinder electrodes. The kinetic regions were characterized by a simple Tafel expression. A Nernst boundary layer representation described the mass transfer of ions through a diffusion layer. The governing features of the induced codeposition mechanism included soluble nickel acting as a catalyst to the molybdenum deposition and the generation of an absorbed intermediate species on the electrode surface. The resulting alloy composition was simulated for two electrolytes over a wide range of current densities and electrode rotation rates. The model predictions agreed with the observed trends in the experimental data.

  5. MFR PAPER 1271 Importance of Eelgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 1271 Importance of Eelgrass Beds in Puget Sound GORDON W. THAYER and RONALD C. PHILLIPS to almot liquid mud . Eelgrass, Zostera marina, which oc- curs extensively in Puget Sound , i a generally ,000 acre of the bottom of Puget Sound is covered by eelgra . On the Pacific coast this seagra

  6. Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 ; Hangseok interface is not the geomembrane (GM)/compacted low-permeability soil liner (LPSL) but a soil­soil interface placing the cover soil from bottom to top. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606 .0000556. © 2012 American

  7. The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries H . S C O T T M A T T H E W S , C H R I and organizations are pursuing "carbon footprint" projects to estimate their own contributions to global climate change. Protocol definitions from carbon registries help organizations analyze their footprints

  8. Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism: 1) What is Magnetism?Magnetism is a force or repulsion due to charge is called the electric force. But what about magnetism, is there a fundamental property of some matter that makes things magnetic? The answer is: "sort of." Electric current

  9. Automated Storage Reclamation Using Temporal Importance Annotations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Surendar

    Automated Storage Reclamation Using Temporal Importance Annotations Surendar Chandra, Ashish.edu Abstract This work focuses on scenarios that require the storage of large amounts of data. Such sys- tems require the ability to either continuously increase the storage space or reclaim space by deleting

  10. Product Demonstrations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Consortium will pursue a number of demonstrations following the general procedure used by DOE's GATEWAY demonstration program. Specific products to be featured in a demonstration may be...

  11. Implementing the Data Center Energy Productivity Metric

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sego, Landon H.; Marquez, Andres; Rawson, Andrew; Cader, Tahir; Fox, Kevin M.; Gustafson, William I.; Mundy, Christopher J.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As data centers proliferate in both size and number, their energy efficiency is becoming increasingly important. We discuss the properties of a number of the proposed metrics of energy efficiency and productivity. In particular, we focus on the Data Center Energy Productivity (DCeP) metric, which is the ratio of useful work produced by the data center to the energy consumed performing that work. We describe our approach for using DCeP as the principal outcome of a designed experiment using a highly instrumented, high performance computing data center. We found that DCeP was successful in clearly distinguishing between different operational states in the data center, thereby validating its utility as a metric for identifying configurations of hardware and software that would improve (or even maximize) energy productivity. We also discuss some of the challenges and benefits associated with implementing the DCeP metric, and we examine the efficacy of the metric in making comparisons within a data center and among data centers.

  12. On transverse energy production in hadron collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei Leonidov

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transverse energy spectrum in the unit rapidity window in p-bar p collisions at 540 GeV c.m.s energy is calculated to the next-to-leading order accuracy O(a_s^3) and compared to the experimental data by UA(2) collaboration. We show that the calculated spectrum starts matching experimental data only at relatively large transverse energy Et=60 GeV and is in essential disagreement with it both in shape and magnitude at lower transverse energies. The data are well reproduced by HIJING Monte-Carlo generator indicating the crucial importance of all-order effects in perturbation theory as well as those of hadronization in describing the transverse energy production in hadron collisions at small and intermediate transverse energies.

  13. Model isomorphism in oxidized-bitumen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grudnikov, I.B.

    1988-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Phenomena differing in nature may have mathematical descriptions identical in form; examples are the similarities between the expressions for Fick's first law and Fourier's law, which describe mass and energy transfer correspondingly. One can thus use model isomorphism in simulation, which can accelerate the process, since it is merely necessary to check that the model fit is adequate. The author has compared two forms of simulation: from model isomorphism and from studies on kinetics and dynamics in application to oxidized-bitumen production, as the material is important, and increased output has a bearing on improving oil refining. This model is adequate and can be derived from the isomorphism principle as well as from the kinetics and dynamics. The principle does not replace research on the process but enables one to derive models more rapidly for processing petroleum fractions characterized by complicated compositions and reactions.

  14. Cosmological model with viscosity media (dark fluid) described by an effective equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ren; Xin He Meng

    2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A generally parameterized equation of state (EOS) is investigated in the cosmological evolution with bulk viscosity media modelled as dark fluid, which can be regarded as a unification of dark energy and dark matter. Compared with the case of the perfect fluid, this EOS has possessed four additional parameters, which can be interpreted as the case of the non-perfect fluid with time-dependent viscosity or the model with variable cosmological constant. From this general EOS, a completely integrable dynamical equation to the scale factor is obtained with its solution explicitly given out. (i) In this parameterized model of cosmology, for a special choice of the parameters we can explain the late-time accelerating expansion universe in a new view. The early inflation, the median (relatively late time) deceleration, and the recently cosmic acceleration may be unified in a single equation. (ii) A generalized relation of the Hubble parameter scaling with the redshift is obtained for some cosmology interests. (iii) By using the SNe Ia data to fit the effective viscosity model we show that the case of matter described by $p=0$ plus with effective viscosity contributions can fit the observational gold data in an acceptable level

  15. A flowing plasma model to describe drift waves in a cylindrical helicon discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, L.; Hole, M. J.; Corr, C. S. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-fluid model developed originally to describe wave oscillations in the vacuum arc centrifuge, a cylindrical, rapidly rotating, low temperature, and confined plasma column, is applied to interpret plasma oscillations in a RF generated linear magnetized plasma [WOMBAT (waves on magnetized beams and turbulence)], with similar density and field strength. Compared to typical centrifuge plasmas, WOMBAT plasmas have slower normalized rotation frequency, lower temperature, and lower axial velocity. Despite these differences, the two-fluid model provides a consistent description of the WOMBAT plasma configuration and yields qualitative agreement between measured and predicted wave oscillation frequencies with axial field strength. In addition, the radial profile of the density perturbation predicted by this model is consistent with the data. Parameter scans show that the dispersion curve is sensitive to the axial field strength and the electron temperature, and the dependence of oscillation frequency with electron temperature matches the experiment. These results consolidate earlier claims that the density and floating potential oscillations are a resistive drift mode, driven by the density gradient. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed physics model of flowing plasmas in the diffusion region away from the RF source. Possible extensions to the model, including temperature nonuniformity and magnetic field oscillations, are also discussed.

  16. Converting Biomass to Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graybeal, Judith W.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For nearly 30 years, PNNL has been developing and applying novel thermal, chemical and biological processes to convert biomass to industrial and consumer products, fuels and energy. Honors for technologies resulting from this research include the Presidential Green Chemistry Award and several Federal Laboratory Consortium and R&D 100 Awards. PNNL’s research and development activities address the complete processing scheme, from feedstock pretreatment to purified product recovery. The laboratory applies fundamental science and advanced engineering capabilities to biomass conversion and processing to ensure effective recovery of optimal value from biomass; carbohydrate polymer systems to maximize energy efficiencies; and micro-technology systems for separation and conversion processes. For example, bioproducts researchers in the laboratory’s Institute for Interfacial Catalysis develop and demonstrate the utility of new catalyst formulations for production of bio-based chemicals. This article describes a sampling of current and recent catalysis projects for biomass conversion.

  17. On entropy production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenholm, Stig [Physics Department, Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, ALBANOVA, Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Laboratory of Computational Engineering, HUT, Espoo (Finland)], E-mail: stenholm@atom.kth.se

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the case of a dynamical system when irreversible time evolution is generated by a nonHermitian superoperator on the states of the system. We introduce a generalized scalar product which can be used to construct a monotonically changing functional of the state, a generalized entropy. This will depend on the level of system dynamics described by the evolution equation. In this paper we consider the special case when the irreversibility derives from imbedding the system of interest into a thermal reservoir. The ensuing time evolution is shown to be compatible both with equilibrium thermodynamics and the entropy production near the final steady state. In particular, Prigogine's principle of minimum entropy production is discussed. Also the limit of zero temperature is considered. We present comments on earlier treatments.

  18. Gary M. Bone, Andrew Lambert and Mark Edwards Abstract This paper describes the development of a novel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bone, Gary

    Gary M. Bone, Andrew Lambert and Mark Edwards Abstract ­ This paper describes the development from the top of a pile was described by Taylor, Blake and Cox [3]. They used a wrist-mounted camera

  19. Atmospheric science and power production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Randerson, D. (ed.)

    1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the third in a series of scientific publications sponsored by the US Atomic Energy Commission and the two later organizations, the US Energy Research and Development Adminstration, and the US Department of Energy. The first book, Meteorology and Atomic Energy, was published in 1955; the second, in 1968. The present volume is designed to update and to expand upon many of the important concepts presented previously. However, the present edition draws heavily on recent contributions made by atmospheric science to the analysis of air quality and on results originating from research conducted and completed in the 1970s. Special emphasis is placed on how atmospheric science can contribute to solving problems relating to the fate of combustion products released into the atmosphere. The framework of this book is built around the concept of air-quality modeling. Fundamentals are addressed first to equip the reader with basic background information and to focus on available meteorological instrumentation and to emphasize the importance of data management procedures. Atmospheric physics and field experiments are described in detail to provide an overview of atmospheric boundary layer processes, of how air flows around obstacles, and of the mechanism of plume rise. Atmospheric chemistry and removal processes are also detailed to provide fundamental knowledge on how gases and particulate matter can be transformed while in the atmosphere and how they can be removed from the atmosphere. The book closes with a review of how air-quality models are being applied to solve a wide variety of problems. Separate analytics have been prepared for each chapter.

  20. A technical framework to describe occupant behavior for building energy simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner , William; Hong , Tianzhen

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Green buildings that fail to meet expected design performance criteria indicate that technology alone does not guarantee high performance. Human influences are quite often simplified and ignored in the design, construction, and operation of buildings. Energy-conscious human behavior has been demonstrated to be a significant positive factor for improving the indoor environment while reducing the energy use of buildings. In our study we developed a new technical framework to describe energy-related human behavior in buildings. The energy-related behavior includes accounting for individuals and groups of occupants and their interactions with building energy services systems, appliances and facilities. The technical framework consists of four key components: i. the drivers behind energy-related occupant behavior, which are biological, societal, environmental, physical, and economical in nature ii. the needs of the occupants are based on satisfying criteria that are either physical (e.g. thermal, visual and acoustic comfort) or non-physical (e.g. entertainment, privacy, and social reward) iii. the actions that building occupants perform when their needs are not fulfilled iv. the systems with which an occupant can interact to satisfy their needs The technical framework aims to provide a standardized description of a complete set of human energy-related behaviors in the form of an XML schema. For each type of behavior (e.g., occupants opening/closing windows, switching on/off lights etc.) we identify a set of common behaviors based on a literature review, survey data, and our own field study and analysis. Stochastic models are adopted or developed for each type of behavior to enable the evaluation of the impact of human behavior on energy use in buildings, during either the design or operation phase. We will also demonstrate the use of the technical framework in assessing the impact of occupancy behavior on energy saving technologies. The technical framework presented is part of our human behavior research, a 5-year program under the U.S. - China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency.

  1. Mossbauer spectra of single-domain fine particle systems described using a multiple-level relaxation model for superparamagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Mo¨ssbauer spectra of single-domain fine particle systems described using a multiple successfully describes the Mo¨ssbauer spectra of real fine particle systems at all temperatures of interest moments are blocked, Mo¨ssbauer spectra can be described with static hyperfine fields. With an increase

  2. Mossbauer spectra of single-domain ne particle systems described using a multiple-level relaxation model for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Mossbauer spectra of single-domain #12;ne particle systems described using a multiple describes the Mossbauer spectra of real #12;ne particle systems at all temperatures of interest, and yields temperatures, when all moments are blocked, Mossbauer spectra can be described with static hyper#12;ne #12

  3. The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance crude, making reliance on Canadian heavy crude oil more significant, and the approval of the Keystone XL of ConocoPhillips' Petrozuata- Hamaca and ExxonMobil's Cerro Negro Orinoco Belt heavy oil projects

  4. Dynamic power management (DPM) is important for multicore architectures. One important challenge for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Daniel J.

    1 Abstract Dynamic power management (DPM) is important for multicore architectures. One important). The verification diffi- culty varies among designs, depending, for example, on the particular power management systems motivate the development and evaluation of efficient power manage- ment solutions targeted

  5. Importance of Nuclear DataImportance of Nuclear Data to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Importance of Nuclear DataImportance of Nuclear Data to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program Don Cores · Project Prometheus · Some Very Recent Criticality Analyses #12;Use of Early RPI Measurements · Criticality Analyses of Under-moderated Systemsy y y · Most Reactive Condition ­ Highest Water Density

  6. Caring for Important Papers after a Flood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    process, it may be worth the effort. Separate the pages to prevent musty odors. ? When the books are thoroughly dry, close them and use C-clamps to help them retain their shape. Wipe vinyl and leather book covers with a light coating of petroleum jelly..., University of California Cooperative Extension. Caring for Important Papers after a Flood Produced by AgriLife Communications and Marketing, The Texas A&M System Extension publications can be found on the Web at: http://AgriLifebookstore.org Visit the Texas...

  7. Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX ImeansCrude Oil Imports

  8. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImport Area: U.S.

  9. Category:Imported Properties | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformationCashtonGo Back to PV Economics ByImported

  10. Hydrogen Production

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen production technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains how different resources and processes can be used to produ

  11. RMOTC - Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on maximizing the value of the NPR-3 site and will continue with its Production Optimization Projects. NPR-3 includes 9,481 acres with more than 400 oil-producing wells....

  12. Ethanol production by recombinant hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Beall, David S. (Gainesville, FL); Burchhardt, Gerhard F. H. (Gainesville, FL); Guimaraes, Walter V. (Vicosa, BR); Ohta, Kazuyoshi (Miyazaki, JP); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL); Shanmugam, Keelnatham T. (Gainesville, FL)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

  13. Ethanol production by recombinant hosts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fowler, David E. (Gainesville, FL); Horton, Philip G. (Gainesville, FL); Ben-Bassat, Arie (Gainesville, FL)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recombinant hosts are capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product. Also disclosed are methods for increasing the growth of recombinant hosts and methods for reducing the accumulation of undesirable metabolic products in the growth medium of these hosts. Also disclosed are recombinant host capable of producing significant amounts of ethanol as a fermentation product of oligosaccharides and plasmids comprising genes encoding polysaccharases, in addition to the genes described above which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase. Further, methods are described for producing ethanol from oligomeric feedstock using the recombinant hosts described above. Also provided is a method for enhancing the production of functional proteins in a recombinant host comprising overexpressing an adhB gene in the host. Further provided are process designs for fermenting oligosaccharide-containing biomass to ethanol.

  14. Pore size of FCC pretreat catalyst important

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moyse, B.M.; Cooper, B.H.

    1985-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Conversion of sulfur, nitrogen, and polynuclear aromatics can be optimized by varying catalyst pore dimensions and/or particle size. Increased workload and more exacting performance are demanded from today's fluid catalytic cracking feed pretreat catalysts. The desire to process heavier crudes and the inclusion of visbreaker gas oil, unsaturated fractions like coker gas oils, and even resid, have placed greater emphasis on the importance of selection of those catalysts. Also, some older plants are limited to process conditions and equipment designed for easier feedstocks. Data show that the optimum catalyst pore size for a given application depends not only on the reactivity of the feed, but also on the catalyst's diffusional properties. These properties are also factors which determine whether or not a change in catalyst particle size would be advantageous.

  15. Importance of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utpal Sarkar

    2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A natural explanation for the smallness of the neutrino mass requires them to be Majorana particles violating lepton number by two units. Since lepton number violation can have several interesting consequences in particle physics and cosmology, it is of utmost importance to find out if there is lepton number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can answer these questions: if there is lepton number violation and if neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, the magnitude of neutrinoless double beta decay will constrain any other lepton number violating processes. This lepton number violation may also be relatd to the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe, dark matter and cosmological constant.

  16. Fusion of product and process data: Batch-mode and real-time streaming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vincent De Sapio; Spike Leonard

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's DP product realization enterprise it is imperative to reduce the design-to-fabrication cycle time and cost while improving the quality of DP parts (reducing defects). Much of this challenge resides in the inherent gap between the product and process worlds. The lack of seamless, bi-directional flow of information prevents true concurrency in the product realization world. This report addresses a framework for product-process data fusion to help achieve next generation product realization. A fundamental objective is to create an open environment for multichannel observation of process date, and subsequent mapping of that data onto product geometry. In addition to the sensor-based observation of manufacturing processes, model-based process data provides an important complement to empirically acquired data. Two basic groups of manufacturing models are process physics, and machine kinematics and dynamics. Process physics addresses analytical models that describe the physical phenomena of the process itself. Machine kinematic and dynamic models address the mechanical behavior of the processing equipment. As a secondary objective, an attempt has been made in this report to address part of the model-based realm through the development of an open object-oriented library and toolkit for machine kinematics and dynamics. Ultimately, it is desirable to integrate design definition, with all types of process data; both sensor-based and model-based. Collectively, the goal is to allow all disciplines within the product realization enterprise to have a centralized medium for the fusion of product and process data.

  17. Strangeness production from pp collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing-Song Zou; Ju-Jun Xie

    2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of the strangeness production from pp collisions plays important roles in two aspects: exploring the properties of baryon resonances involved and understanding the strangeness production from heavy ion collisions to explore the properties of high energy and high density nuclear matter. Here we review our recent studies on several most important channels for the strangeness production from pp collisions. The previously ignored contributions from Delta*(1620) and N*(1535) resonances are found to play dominant role for the pp --> n K+ Sigma+, pp --> pK+ Lambda and pp --> pp phi reactions near-thresholds. These contributions should be included for further studies on the strangeness production from both pp collisions and heavy ion collisions.

  18. CaF/sub 2/:Mn thermoluminescence: a single glow peak not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hornyak, W.F.; Levy, P.W.; Kierstead, J.A.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermoluminescence (TL) of CaF/sub 2/:Mn has been studied using photon counting and digital recording. For doses of 10 rad or less the TL glow curves appear to consist of a single glow peak. However, there are indications - which are pronounced at larger doses - that one additional low intensity peak (area less than or equal to one percent) is superimposed on each side of the central peak. The intense peak is not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics but is well described by the more general kinetics from which these kinetics are derived. These observations, and the results of additional kinetic analysis, demonstrate that retrapping is not negligible and may include all three peaks. In such systems, which are likely to include other dosimeter materials and minerals, peak height will not increase linearly with dose; an important factor for dosimetry and dating applications.

  19. Radiochemically-Supported Microbial Communities: A Potential Mechanism for Biocolloid Production of Importance to Actinide Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moser, Duane P [DRI; Hamilton-Brehm, Scott D [DRI; Fisher, Jenny C [DRI; Bruckner, James C [DRI; Kruger, Brittany [DRI; Sackett, Joshua [DRI; Russell, Charles E [DRI; Onstott, Tullis C [Princeton University; Czerwinski, Ken [University of Nevada-Las Vegas; Zavarin, Mavrik [lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Campbell, James H [Northwest Missouri State University

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the legacy of Cold War nuclear weapons testing, the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS, formerly known as the Nevada Test Site (NTS)) contains millions of Curies of radioactive contamination. Presented here is a summary of the results of the first comprehensive study of subsurface microbial communities of radioactive and nonradioactive aquifers at this site. To achieve the objectives of this project, cooperative actions between the Desert Research Institute (DRI), the Nevada Field Office of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the Underground Test Area Activity (UGTA), and contractors such as Navarro-Interra (NI), were required. Ultimately, fluids from 17 boreholes and two water-filled tunnels were sampled (sometimes on multiple occasions and from multiple depths) from the NNSS, the adjacent Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR), and a reference hole in the Amargosa Valley near Death Valley. The sites sampled ranged from highly-radioactive nuclear device test cavities to uncontaminated perched and regional aquifers. Specific areas sampled included recharge, intermediate, and discharge zones of a 100,000-km2 internally-draining province, known as the Death Valley Regional Flow System (DVRFS), which encompasses the entirety of the NNSS/NTTR and surrounding areas. Specific geological features sampled included: West Pahute and Ranier Mesas (recharge zone), Yucca and Frenchman Flats (transitional zone), and the Western edge of the Amargosa Valley near Death Valley (discharge zone). The original overarching question underlying the proposal supporting this work was stated as: Can radiochemically-produced substrates support indigenous microbial communities and subsequently stimulate biocolloid formation that can affect radionuclides in NNSS subsurface nuclear test/detonation sites? Radioactive and non-radioactive groundwater samples were thus characterized for physical parameters, aqueous geochemistry, and microbial communities using both DNA- and cultivation-based tools in an effort to understand the drivers of microbial community structure (including radioactivity) and microbial interactions with select radionuclides and other factors across the range of habitats surveyed.

  20. Comparison of Different Internal Dosimetry Systems for Selected Radionuclides Important to Nuclear Power Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leggett, Richard Wayne [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL; Manger, Ryan P [ORNL

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report compares three different radiation dosimetry systems currently applied by various U.S. Federal agencies and dose estimates based on these three dosimetry systems for a set of radionuclides often identified in power reactor effluents. These dosimetry systems were developed and applied by the International Commission on Radiological Protection at different times over the past six decades. Two primary modes of intake of radionuclides are addressed: ingestion in drinking water and inhalation. Estimated doses to individual organs and to the whole body based on each dosimetry system are compared for each of four age groups: infant, child, teenager, and adult. Substantial differences between dosimetry systems in estimated dose per unit intake are found for some individual radionuclides, but differences in estimated dose per unit intake generally are modest for mixtures of radionuclides typically found in nuclear power plant effluents.

  1. Manure Production and Characteristics: Its Importance to Texas Animal Feeding Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    ,100 degreesFahrenheit ? Moisturecontentandnutrient?nitro- gen(N),phosphorus(P)andpotassium(K)? value. Sincecommercialfertilizerissoldashaving di?erentratiosofinorganicN,P(asphos- phateorP 2 O 5 )andK(aspotashorK 2 O),P andKequivalentsofP 2 O 5 andK 2 Oinma...- nualproductionofmanureandmassof TS,VS,N,P,P 2 O 5 ,KandK 2 Ofrom variousanimaltypeshasbeenestimated onan?asexcreted?basis. ?elastcolumninTable2presentsestimatesof theenergyvalueofmanureinBritish?ermal Units...

  2. The importance of mesophyll conductance in regulating forest ecosystem productivity during drought periods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keenan, Trevor

    Mediterranean climate regions (Nemani et al., 2003). Projections of climate change suggest that higher of changing climate on these ecosystems is poor due to a lack of understanding concerning ecophysiological hour data gathered by the FLUXNET network across six Mediterranean sites. The measured canopy level

  3. Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved Reservesthroughwww.eia.govN E B R A S K A2009 2010 2011

  4. Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports by Area of Entry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2, 2003Tool ofTopo II: An EnzymeToroidal

  5. ,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy SourcesRefinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks ofReserves

  6. High oil production continues to cut U.S. oil imports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonicbet WhenHiggs BosonAccurate knowledgeHighHigh oil

  7. Higher U.S. oil production in 2013 and 2014 means lower oil imports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonicbetand Modeling Eric SchweglerBetter

  8. U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|Idahothe New FundingTravel Travel

  9. East Coast (PADD 1) Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA :Work4/11Computational Earth Science

  10. Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -DepartmentRetailEnergy Role of Modeling

  11. U.S. oil imports to decline with rising oil production through 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil demand expected to rise intonet

  12. U.S. crude oil production expected to exceed oil imports later this year

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heatingintensityArea: U.S. East Coast (PADD

  13. Rule Issued to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail To Comply with

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonantNovember 15Rotary Firing inRotaryRui Liu Rui Liu

  14. ,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales toReformulated, Average Refiner Gasoline

  15. U.S. Domestic Oil Production Exceeds Imports for First Time in 18 Years |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTestFeed Families" |ParticleResearchDepartment of

  16. Rule Proposed to Prohibit Importation of Products that Fail to Comply with

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergy SmallImplementing theFinancing » Financing, 2003RonaldRound

  17. Development of a dynamic optimal habitat model to describe the spatial and temporal habitat distributions of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senyk, Natalie Alexandra; Sanchez, John

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1984. Episodic nutrient supply to a kelp forest ecosystem in1977. Nutrients and production of the giant kelp Macrocystiskelp, Macrocystis pyrifera: response to temporal changes in ambient nutrient

  18. INTRODUCTION This document describes the work of the Information Literacy Test Subcommittee of the Teaching and Learning Working Group to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    (tasks to undertake) #12; 2 · SAILS-type assessment products ­ take stock). · Embedded IL assessment ­ review best practices and take stock of what already

  19. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  20. Virtual data in CMS production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arbree, A. et al.

    2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: (1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, (2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, (3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location and existence independent plan, (4) a Concrete Planner, which maps an abstract, logical plan onto concrete, physical grid resources accounting for staging in/out files and publishing results to a replica location service. A CMS Workflow Planner, MCRunJob, is used to generate virtual data products using the Virtual Data Language. Subsequently, a prototype workflow manager, known as WorkRunner, is used to schedule the instantiation of virtual data products across a grid.

  1. Guide to preparing SAND Reports and other communication products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide describes the R&A process, Common Look and Feel requirements, and preparation and publishing procedures for communication products at Sandia National Laboratories. Samples of forms and examples of published communications products are provided.

  2. Production of jets at forward rapidities in hadronic collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Hautmann

    2009-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss high-pT production processes at forward rapidities in hadron-hadron collisions, and describe recent results from using QCD high-energy factorization in forward jet production at the LHC.

  3. The Amalgamated Free Product of Hyperfinite von Neumann Algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redelmeier, Daniel

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the amalgamated free product of hyperfinite von Neumann algebras. First we describe the amalgamated free product of hyperfinite von Neumann algebras over finite dimensional subalgebras. In this case the result is always the direct sum...

  4. Fact #837: September 8, 2014 Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports of Petroleum is Widening – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #837: Gap between Net Imports and Total Imports of Petroleum is Widening

  5. Light cone matrix product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how to combine the light-cone and matrix product algorithms to simulate quantum systems far from equilibrium for long times. For the case of the XXZ spin chain at {Delta} = 0.5, we simulate to a time of {approx} 22.5. While part of the long simulation time is due to the use of the light-cone method, we also describe a modification of the infinite time-evolving bond decimation algorithm with improved numerical stability, and we describe how to incorporate symmetry into this algorithm. While statistical sampling error means that we are not yet able to make a definite statement, the behavior of the simulation at long times indicates the appearance of either 'revivals' in the order parameter as predicted by Hastings and Levitov (e-print arXiv:0806.4283) or of a distinct shoulder in the decay of the order parameter.

  6. Importance of energy efficiency in office equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blatt, M.H.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy-Efficient Office Technology 1994: An International Seminar has been organized and funded by the Office Technology Efficiency Consortium, a group of utilities, government agencies, and other energy efficiency advocates that has been aggressively championing the need for more efficient computers, displays, printers, faxes, and copiers. The Consortium, organized in late 1992, currently consists of 10 cofunders and numerous other participants. The cofunders are: The Electric Power Research Institute, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Consolidated Edison Company of New York, the Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK), Ontario Hydro, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Wisconsin Center for Demand-Side Research. The Consortium has been striving to achieve multiple objectives. These objectives are to: (1) Improve office technology user energy efficiency end operating cost (2) Improve end-use equipment`s power quality characteristics (3) Increase equipment immunity to power line disturbances (4) Avoid the need for wiring overloads and upgrades (5) Reduce utility`s peak demand (6) Improve utility load factor. The growth in electricity use in the United States and the need for additional utility capacity has been driven to a great extent by the U.S. shift to a service economy and the coincident increase in the use of office equipment in these service establishments. The initial efforts of the Consortium, which consisted of the cofunders, included holding a workshop in June 1992 to heighten awareness of the importance of the need for more efficient office equipment. The workshop was documented in {open_quotes}Proceedings: Energy-Efficient Office Technologies,{close_quotes} TR-101945, in December 1992.

  7. FranklinCovey.All rights reserved. 1 Act on the ImportAnt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    's world, people are drowning in email, overwhelmed with demands, and trying to do more with less. 5 like Microsoft® Outlook® to boost productivity. 5 fuel your fIre don't burn out Today's exhausting, high-pressure work environment burns people out at an alarming rate. Applying the 5 Energy Drivers

  8. All Composite Data Products: National FCEV Learning Demonstration With Updates Through October 5, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Saur, G.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical presentation describes all composite data products: national FCEV learning demonstration with updates through October 5, 2011

  9. The development and implementation of a production information collection and reporting system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Haitao, 1975-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Production information, which includes production counts and line downtime information, is of great importance for automobile assembly plants to diagnose equipment problems and improve line utilization. Outdated information ...

  10. Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results from a collaborative effort between ITAM's Robotics Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitzenfeld, Alfredo

    Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results from a collaborative effort between ITAM describes ITAM's Eagle Knights Small-Size RoboCup team; Section 3 presents an extension to the global effort between ITAM´s Robotics Laboratory and UCSC's i- NRG on adding ad-hoc networking capabilities

  11. This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact power-performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Tom

    Abstract This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact the characteristics of an ideal battery and how these characteristics are used in sizing batteries and estimating are described. The paper then covers results from a first-prin- ciples, variable-load battery model, showing

  12. A novel approach to particle production in an uniform electric field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Srinivasan; T. Padmanabhan

    1999-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We outline a different method of describing scalar field particle production in a uniform electric field. In the standard approach, the (analytically continued) harmonic oscillator paradigm is important in describing particle production. However, there is another gauge in which the particle production process has striking similarities with the one used to describe Hawking radiation in black holes. The gauge we use to describe the electric field in is the lightcone gauge, so named because the mode functions for a scalar field are found to be singular on the lightcone. We use these modes in evaluating the effective Lagrangian using the proper time technique. The key feature of this analysis is that these modes can be explicitly "normalized" by using the criterion that they reduce to the usual flat space modes in the limit of the electric field tending to zero. We find that the proper time kernel is not the same as the analytically continued oscillator kernel though the effective Lagrangian is the standard result as it should be. We also consider an example of a confined electric field system using the lightcone gauge modes. Our analysis indicates that the Bogolubov coefficients, in taking the limit to the uniform electric field case, are multiplied by energy dependent boundary factors that have not been taken into account before.

  13. Importance of Management Information Increased price volatility and narrow profit margins in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in production agriculture underscore the importance of sound record-keeping and management information for farm their financial record-keeping and analysis capabilities, allowing them to make better management decisions and High Plains areas. Economic Impact Sound financial records allow producers to make better management

  14. Pion production reactions in nucleon-nucleon collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veronica Malafaia

    2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding pion production in nucleon-nucleon collisions near threshold has been a challenge for the last decades. In particular, the reaction pp -> pppi0 is highly sensitive to short-range mechanisms, because isospin conservation suppresses the otherwise dominant pion exchange term. However, the relative importance of the various reaction processes has been very difficult to establish. After reviewing the state-of-the-art of the theoretical approaches, we address the validity of the distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) through its link to the time-ordered perturbation theory (TOPT) diagrams. As the energy of the exchanged pion is not determined unambiguously within the non-relativistic formalism underlying DWBA, we analyse several options to determine which one is closer to TOPT. The S-matrix technique, successfully used below threshold, is shown to reproduce the results of TOPT for the re-scattering mechanism in pi0 production. It is afterwards applied to full calculations of both charged and neutral pion production reactions, the cross sections of which are described successfully. The main production mechanisms and partial waves corresponding to high angular momentum are included in the calculations. Finally we discuss the effect on the cross section of the frequent prescriptions for the energy of the exchanged pion.

  15. alumniCirCuitnJitmagazine Important Work With Great People

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    to products in a broad range of industries -- agrochemicals, metalworking, printing and textiles, to name

  16. Dimensional SPC for low-volume production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Chang-Ho

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . To make up for the weaknesses of SPC in low-volume production, a new method to test data independence, a new plot to describe the similarity between two charts, and two modified graphical tools are proposed. In low-volume production, it is frequently hard...

  17. The use of process metrics to evaluate product development projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellam, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Alexander), 1972-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Product development success is an important strategic factor in today's business environment. The ability to accurately predict the outcome of product development projects would be a useful strategic tool. This research ...

  18. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed federal buildings in the planning process as of 2020 or later must be designed to meet net zero standards

  19. Abstract--This paper describes an approach for choosing and updating measurement weights used in weighted least squares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- Auto Tuning; Measurement Weights; Power System State Estimation; Random Error Variances. I is not always true. M is used for estimating measurement e1 Abstract--This paper describes an approach for choosing and updating measurement weights used

  20. Selye originally described stress as a nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Zhen

    Selye originally described stress as a nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon controlling extinction of conditioned fear13,14 . Moreover, impaired PFC function and plasticity is thought

  1. Abstract--A measurement calibration method is described in this paper. The proposed method identifies calibration models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in state estima- tion. Measurement calibration at the substation is a labor intensive and costly process that is described in [2]-[3] is executed at individual substations by taking advantage of the redundancy provided

  2. Work distribution in global product development organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tripathy, Anshuman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of the internet, digital design tools, and more importantly, increasing access to global markets and workforce, has increased the interest of firms in offshoring their engineering and product development ...

  3. Plant Science 200: Modern Crop Production Instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    classification, soil conservation and tillage. Crop classification and morphology (distinguish among the grains Crop Production Introduction Crop Importance Soil Survey/Soil Conservation Crop Classification /Sustainable Agriculture #12;References on Reserve in Chang Library: Forages: An Introduction to Grassland

  4. Secretary Bodman Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia Biorefinery Groundbreaking Secretary Bodman Touts Importance of Cellulosic Ethanol at Georgia Biorefinery Groundbreaking October...

  5. Secretary Chu to Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization to U.S. Competitiveness at Gridwise Global Forum Secretary Chu to Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization to U.S....

  6. Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and Infrastructure Energy Secretary Bodman in Turkey to Highlight Importance of Expanding Oil and Gas Supply and...

  7. DOE Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help Develop Cheaper Biofuels DOE Researchers Achieve Important Genetic Breakthroughs to Help Develop Cheaper Biofuels...

  8. Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets...

  9. Handling Strategies for Import Containers at Marine Terminals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Castilho, Bernardo; Daganzo, Carlos F.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Containers at Marine Terminals Bemardo De Castilho Carlos F.Import Containers at Marine Terminals Bernardo De CastilhoFOR IMPORT AT MARINE TERMINALS CONTAINERS BERNARDO DE

  10. Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power system operation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power industry, accurate forecasting of future electricity demand has become an important research area for secure operation, management of modern power systems and electricity production in the power generation

  11. Noncommutative Gauge Theory with Covariant Star Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zet, G. [Physics Department, 'Gh. Asachi' Technical University, 700050 Iasi (Romania)

    2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a noncommutative gauge theory with covariant star product on a space-time with torsion. In order to obtain the covariant star product one imposes some restrictions on the connection of the space-time. Then, a noncommutative gauge theory is developed applying this product to the case of differential forms. Some comments on the advantages of using a space-time with torsion to describe the gravitational field are also given.

  12. Production of fluorine-18 for medical applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Patricia Papa

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PRODUCTION OF FLUORINE-18 FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS A Thesis by PATRICIA PAPA SULLIVAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973... Production of Fluorine-18 for Medical Applications. (December 1973) Patricia Papa Sullivan, B. S. , Marquette University; Directed by: Dr. Ronald D. Macfarlane A method is described for the production of fluorine-18 for medical purposes using...

  13. Safety culture management: The importance of organizational factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haber, S.B.; Shurberg, D.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Jacobs, R. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Hofmann, D. [Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concept of safety culture has been used extensively to explain the underlying causes of performance based events, both positive and negative, across the nuclear industry. The work described in this paper represents several years of effort to identify, define and assess the organizational factors important to safe performance in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The research discussed in this paper is primarily conducted in support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC) efforts in understanding the impact of organizational performance on safety. As a result of a series of research activities undertaken by numerous NRC contractors, a collection of organizational dimensions has been identified and defined. These dimensions represent what is believed to be a comprehensive taxonomy of organizational elements that relate to the safe operation of nuclear power plants. Techniques were also developed by which to measure these organizational dimensions, and include structured interview protocols, behavioral checklists, and behavioral anchored rating scales (BARS). Recent efforts have focused on devising a methodology for the extraction of information related to the identified organizational dimensions from existing NRC documentation. This type of effort would assess the applicability of the organizational dimensions to existing NRC inspection and evaluation reports, refine the organizational dimensions previously developed so they are more relevant to the task of retrospective analysis, and attempt to rate plants based on the review of existing NRC documentation using the techniques previously developed for the assessment of organizational dimensions.

  14. PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dady Dadyburjor; Philip R. Biedler; Chong Chen; L. Mitchell Clendenin; Manoj Katakdaunde; Elliot B. Kennel; Nathan D. King; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed carbon products, using mildly hydrogenated solvents to extract the organic portion of coal to create synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and carbon fibers. The focus of this effort was on development of lower cost solvents, milder hydrogenation conditions and improved yield in order to enable practical production of these products. This technology is needed because of the long-term decline in production of domestic feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. Currently, carbon products represents a market of roughly 5 million tons domestically, and 19 million tons worldwide. Carbon products are mainly derived from feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. The domestic supply of petroleum pitch is declining because of the rising price of liquid fuels, which has caused US refineries to maximize liquid fuel production. As a consequence, the long term trend has a decline in production of petroleum pitch over the past 20 years. The production of coal tar pitch, as in the case of petroleum pitch, has likewise declined significantly over the past two decades. Coal tar pitch is a byproduct of metallurgical grade coke (metcoke) production. In this industry, modern metcoke facilities are recycling coal tar as fuel in order to enhance energy efficiency and minimize environmental emissions. Metcoke production itself is dependent upon the production requirements for domestic steel. Hence, several metcoke ovens have been decommissioned over the past two decades and have not been replaced. As a consequence sources of coal tar are being taken off line and are not being replaced. The long-term trend is a reduction in coal tar pitch production. Thus import of feedstocks, mainly from Eastern Europe and China, is on the rise despite the relatively large transportation cost. To reverse this trend, a new process for producing carbon products is needed. The process must be economically competitive with current processes, and yet be environmentally friendly as well. The solvent extraction process developed uses mild hydrogenation of low cost oils to create powerful solvents that can dissolve the organic portion of coal. The insoluble portion, consisting mainly of mineral matter and fixed carbon, is removed via centrifugation or filtration, leaving a liquid solution of coal chemicals and solvent. This solution can be further refined via distillation to meet specifications for products such as synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and fibers. The most economical process recycles 85% of the solvent, which itself is obtained as a low-cost byproduct from industrial processes such as coal tar or petroleum refining. Alternatively, processes have been developed that can recycle 100% of the solvent, avoiding any need for products derived from petroleum or coal tar.

  15. Strangeness Production at the SPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Blume; for the NA49 Collaboration

    2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Systematic studies on the production of strange hyperons and the phi meson as a function of beam energy and system size performed by the NA49 collaboration are discussed. Hadronic transport models fail to describe the production of multi strange particles (Xi, Omega), while statistical models are generally in good agreement to the measured particle yields at all energies. The system size dependence is well reproduced by the core-corona approach. New data on K*(892) production are presented. The yields of these short-lived resonances are significantly below the statistical model expectation. This is in line with the interpretation that the measurable yields are reduced due to rescattering of their decay products inside the fireball.

  16. Uncertainties in the Anti-neutrino Production at Nuclear Reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djurcic, Zelimir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    neutrino Production at Nuclear Reactors Z. Djurcic 1 , ?emission rates from nuclear reactors are determined fromlarge commercial nuclear reactors are playing an important

  17. Consumer Products

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution And Bylaws | National Nuclearmarkconsumer-products

  18. Production of $?$ and $?'$ Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche; C. Wilkin

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ mesons in photon- and hadron-induced reactions on free and quasi-free nucleons and on nuclei is reviewed. The extensive database on $\\gamma N \\to \\eta N$, for both proton and neutron targets, is described in detail and its implications for the search for $N^{\\star}$ resonances much heavier than the dominant $S_{11}(1535)$ discussed. Though less is currently known about the production of the $\\eta^{\\prime}$ or of $\\eta\\pi$ pairs, these also offer tantalizing prospects in the search for the missing isobars. The more limited data available on pion-induced production are still necessary ingredients in the partial wave analysis discussed. The production of the $\\eta$-meson in $pp$ and $pn$ collisions shows once again the strong influence of the $S_{11}(1535)$ isobar, which is in contrast to the relatively weak behaviour seen near threshold for $\\eta^{\\prime}$ production. This difference is reflected in the important final state interaction effects of the $\\eta$ in nuclei that may even lead to this meson being "bound" in some systems. The evidence for this is reviewed for both $\\gamma A$ and $p A$ collisions. The inclusive photoproduction of $\\eta$, $\\eta^{\\prime}$, and $\\eta\\pi$ pairs from nuclei provides further information regarding the production mechanism and the interaction of the $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ with nuclei and the $\\eta\\pi$ pairs may even allow access to low mass $\\eta A$ systems that are forbidden in direct single-meson photoproduction.

  19. Using Imported Graphics in L A T E X and pdfL A T E X Keith Reckdahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Robin

    Using Imported Graphics in L A T E X and pdfL A T E X Keith Reckdahl epslatex at yahoo dot com Version 3.0.1 January 12, 2006 This document describes first how to import graphics into L A T E X by checking the Table of Contents starting on page 5 or the Index starting on page 122. Importing graphics

  20. Application of Semi-Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (SGMC) methods to describe non-equilibrium polymer systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardin, Frederick E

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the structure of materials, and how this structure affects their properties, is an important step towards the understanding that is necessary in order to apply computational methods to the end of designing ...

  1. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof Energy 1:Petroleum Imports

  2. Nigerian refineries strive for product balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obuasi, P.A.

    1985-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the growth patterns of the Nigerian refining industry. Production and consumption are expected to follow the pattern of consumption of fuel products by the domestic market, Presently, however, production and consumption are not evenly balanced for most fuel products, and non-fuel products are domestically consumed but not produced. Some progress has been made in the effort to match production and consumption of fuel products. But the progress that would have been made to balance non-fuel products has been nullified by 50% of the Daduna refinery being idle. This is due to problems associated with importation of heavy crude oil into Nigeria and also a weak market for asphalt in Nigeria.

  3. Photovoltaic product directory and buyers guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, R.L.; Smith, S.A.; Mazzucchi, R.P.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic information on photovoltaic conversion technology is provided for those unfamiliar with the field. Various types of photovoltaic products and systems currently available off-the-shelf are described. These include products without batteries, battery chargers, power packages, home electric systems, and partial systems. Procedures are given for designing a photovoltaic system from scratch. A few custom photovoltaic systems are described, and a list is compiled of photovoltaic firms which can provide custom systems. Guidance is offered for deciding whether or not to use photovoltaic products. A variety of installations are described and their performance is appraised by the owners. Information is given on various financial incentives available from state and federal governments. Sources of additional information on photovoltaics are listed. A matrix is provided indicating the sources of various types of photovoltaic products. The addresses of suppliers are listed. (LEW)

  4. Kamal Kapadia DRAFT Productive Uses of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ) ................................................. 13 China: Passive Solar Heating for Rural Health Clinics (China PSHRHC)......................... 13?............................................................................... 4 DESIGNING AND IMPLEMENTING RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS WITH PRODUCTIVE USE COMPONENTS: ANALYSIS the productive uses of energy is an important aspect in the design and implementation of rural energy projects

  5. Continuous production of tritium in an isotope-production reactor with a separate circulation system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cawley, W.E.; Omberg, R.P.

    1982-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for producing tritium in a fast breeder reactor cooled with liquid metal. Lithium is allowed to flow through the reactor in separate loops in order to facilitate the production and removal of tritium.

  6. Heavy flavour production at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Grelli; Andre Mischke

    2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will open a new era in high energy physics. The expected large cross section for heavy flavour production in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 14 TeV will allow detailed studies of the production mechanisms and an extensive test of Quantum Chromodynamics. Since charm and beauty has been proposed as a good probe to study hot and dense QCD matter, the understanding of the production mechanisms in elementary proton-proton collisions is of primary importance as a reference for studies in heavy-ion collisions. In the early phase of LHC operation the experiments will focus on the investigation of the heavy flavour production mechanisms.

  7. Risk Management in Product Design: Current State, Conceptual Model and Future Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oehmen, Josef

    Risk management is an important element of product design. It helps to minimize the project- and product-related risks such as project budget and schedule overrun, or missing product cost and quality targets. Risk management ...

  8. Variability in the Stability and Productivity of Transfected Genes in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Say Kong

    In the field of biologics production, productivity and stability of the transfected gene of interest are two very important attributes that dictate if a production process is viable. To further understand and improve these ...

  9. West Coast drilling/production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rintoul, B.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy California oil has come into its own as a likely source for increased production. The removal of price controls for crude 16 gravity and lower has given producers incentive, but obstacles remain in the regulatory atmosphere of uncertainty and confusion. Accelerated drilling operations in California aiming at heavy oil production are described. The Elk Hills field continues to be the main site of resurgence of California oil, and steamflooding is the primary method of recovery. Hot plate and hydraulic mining methods also are proposed for heavy oil recovery. Pacific Northwest activities outside of California also are mentioned.

  10. Natural Product Xn on matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This book has eight chapters. The first chapter is introductory in nature. Polynomials with matrix coefficients are introduced in chapter two. Algebraic structures on these polynomials with matrix coefficients is defined and described in chapter three. Chapter four introduces natural product on matrices. Natural product on super matrices is introduced in chapter five. Super matrix linear algebra is introduced in chapter six. Chapter seven claims only after this notion becomes popular we can find interesting applications of them. The final chapter suggests over 100 problems some of which are at research level.

  11. Nulljob product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughart, N.; Ritchie, D.

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ever increasing demand for more CPU cycles for data analysis on the authors' Central VAX Cluster led them to investigate new ways to utilize more fully the resources that were available. A review of the experiment and software development VAX systems on site revealed many unused computing cycles. Furthermore, these systems were all connected by DECnet which would allow easy file transfer and remote batch job submission. A product was developed to allow jobs to be submitted on the Central VAX Cluster but actually to be run on one of the remote systems. The processing of the jobs was arranged, to the greatest extent possible, to be transparent to the user and to have minimal impact on both the Central VAX Cluster and remote systems.

  12. NULLJOB product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughart, N.; Ritchie, D.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ever increasing demand for more CPU cycles for data analysis on our Central VAX Cluster led us to investigate new ways to utilize more fully the resources that were available. A review of the experiment and software development VAX systems on site revealed many unused computing cycles. Furthermore, these systems were all connected by DECnet which would allow easy file transfer and remote batch job submission. A product was developed to allow jobs to be submitted on the Central VAX Cluster but actually to be run on one of the remote systems. The processing of the jobs was arranged, to the greatest extent possible, to be transparent to the user and to have minimal impact on both the Central VAX Cluster and remote systems.

  13. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekov, Alex; Sturges, Andy; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

    2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An increasing share of natural gas supplies distributed to residential appliances in the U.S. may come from liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports. The imported gas will be of a higher Wobbe number than domestic gas, and there is concern that it could produce more pollutant emissions at the point of use. This report will review recently undertaken studies, some of which have observed substantial effects on various appliances when operated on different mixtures of imported LNG. While we will summarize findings of major studies, we will not try to characterize broad effects of LNG, but describe how different components of the appliance itself will be affected by imported LNG. This paper considers how the operation of each major component of the gas appliances may be impacted by a switch to LNG, and how this local impact may affect overall safety, performance and pollutant emissions.

  14. Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in orde*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Identify the reduced model. In particular, what is the potential energy and* * what is the mass term Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need be interested in flat models (for the supermani* *folds on which the quantum field theory is formulated

  15. Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in order to study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the reduced model. In particular, what is the potential energy and what is the mass term for the fermionsSuperhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in order to study supersymmetric quantum field theories. In doing so, we will mainly be interested in flat models

  16. 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination of extraordinary efforts by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    work together to "derive" and establish the key elements of the Management Plan. Assessment290 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination as a laborious result of carrying out the assessment and inventory work and formation of the vision, goals

  17. Chapter 2. International research context The research work on mathematical infinity, which will be described in chapters 3 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    will be described in chapters 3 and 4, is to be considered within today's scenario of mathematical didactics of fundamental didactics (Henry, 1991; D'Amore, 1999). This notion includes all the basic elements related to the research in mathematical didactics, deriving from the numerous and complex analyses of so-called "triangle

  18. Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price forecast of the Fifth Northwest Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price as traded on the wholesale, short-term (spot) market at the Mid-Columbia trading hub. This price represents noted. BASE CASE FORECAST The base case wholesale electricity price forecast uses the Council's medium

  19. Modeling Spike Trains from Area This chapter describes the application of a motion energy model to the dynamic dot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bair, Wyeth

    74 Chapter 6 Modeling Spike Trains from Area MT This chapter describes the application of a motion energy model to the dynamic dot stimulus. We wanted to know whether the precise temporal modulation widely compared to electrophysiological data from both area MT and its V1 inputs (Heeger, 1987; Grzywacz

  20. Search Trees Using Libxac In this chapter I describe how memorymapped transactions can be used in a practical application,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Charles E.

    model primarily used to analyze B­trees. In this model, computation is free, but moving a block between block size. Finally, I briefly describe how a cache­oblivious B­tree (CO B­tree) supports dictionary results. 5.1 Introduction The DAM Model In today's computer systems, there is significant disparity

  1. This document will help you understand the statistics commonly used to describe wind when it is studied

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Collaborative's Renewable En- ergy Trust Fund, the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory brings you this seriesThis document will help you understand the statistics commonly used to describe wind when Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Community Wind Power Fact Sheet

  2. Resumen--En este trabajo se describe la aplicacin de tcnicas de descubrimiento de reglas de descripcin de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    Resumen-- En este trabajo se describe la aplicación de técnicas de descubrimiento de reglas de enseñanza a distancia Moodle. El objetivo consiste en extraer reglas que describan relaciones entre el uso a distancia, algoritmos evolutivos, reglas difusas. I. INTRODUCCI�N En la actualidad existe un incremento de

  3. This paper describes the use of Bayesian networks (BNs) to model the operational risk to information technology (IT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil, Martin

    to information technology (IT) infrastructure in financial and other institutions. We describe a methodology risk in other industries, especially the Aviation and Nuclear sectors, readily translate to operational infrastructure in financial institutions Martin neil1 Professor of Computer Science and Statistics, Queen Mary

  4. In the paper, we describe an optical system which is capable of providing external access to both the sensor and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua, Hong

    an intermediate image plane which is optically conjugated to the camera sensor. As indicated by its name, a relayAbstract In the paper, we describe an optical system which is capable of providing external access to both the sensor and the lens aperture (i.e., projection center) of a conventional camera. The proposed

  5. Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed generating resources. Also provided is an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    expansion and loads needing additional electrical reliability or power quality. This introductory section of the barriers to the development of cogeneration. The final section describes solar photovoltaic technology. · Reliability upgrade for systems susceptible to outages. · Alternative to the expansion of transmission

  6. 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals or desired future conditions for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    175 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals for this Management Plan is 10-15 years. The Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) model was used in the Hood River and August-October streamflow records; and 2) a habitat-population modeling effort recently completed

  7. This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical processing. SME is based on Gentner's Structure-Mapping theory of analogy enhances cognitive simulation studies by simplifying experimentation. Furthermore, SME is very efficient

  8. 3D Shapes (K-2) Kindergarten: Standard 4: Shapes can be described by characteristics and position and created by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    available for reference. 1. Print 3D shape templates for desired shapes 2. Cut templates out 3. Color3D Shapes (K-2) Kindergarten: Standard 4: Shapes can be described by characteristics and position by their attributes and used to represent part/whole relationships Activity: The 3D shape lesson can be adapted

  9. Abstract--This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract-- This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm on the development of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM) ­ a new cable robot Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM), a new cable (wire) robot for upper limb rehabilitation. The prototype

  10. Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can but it gets better than that! If your structure contains a chrial center then any space group that has a mirror or an inversion operation can be rejected. Of the 230 space groups only 74 space groups

  11. Abstract--This paper describes a software platform used for controlling any set of collaborative robots. The platform is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González de Rivera, Guillermo

    Abstract-- This paper describes a software platform used for controlling any set of collaborative robots. The platform is specially designed for users without special skills on hardware design or communication topics. The platform provides a standard to simplify the addition of new hardware devices

  12. Abstract--This paper describes a motion generation method for dynamic lifting by a humanoid robot. The proposed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Fig. 1(b). If useful skills of the humans using preliminary motion can be applied to robotAbstract--This paper describes a motion generation method for dynamic lifting by a humanoid robot to facilitate the lifting movement. In particular, the idea is to perform a preliminary motion in order

  13. Abstract--This paper describes Nice Grid, a demonstration project part of the European initiative Grid4EU. The project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Grid4EU. The project aims at developing a smart solar neighbourhood in the urban area of the city with forecasts of solar power production and load in a local energy management system. The paper, which demonstration projects on Smart Grid. Index Terms-- Energy storage, Forecasting, Photovoltaic systems, Smart

  14. This is the documentation for the UTS neural network, as described in chapter 8. Program MAP_NEURAL_AUSTENITIC_UTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    composition and heat treatments. Specification Language: FORTRAN / C Product form: Source code / Executable files Operating System: Solaris 5.5.1 & Windows 95 Description The modelling procedure is a purelyKay and is part of the bigback5 program. The model is constituted of a committee of several individual neural

  15. Abstract--The current paper describes one-dimensional cutting stock model for joinery manufacturing. The joinery elements differ in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    ) in order to satisfy the demand for all joinery elements. Along with this, it is necessary to find in the production planning of many industries such as the metallurgy, plastics, paper, glass, furniture, textile elements have to be manufactured using blanks of single standard size. This demands developing of methods

  16. Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Third Quarter Report 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second quarter 1997 Quarterly Report of Natural Gas Imports and Exports featured a Quarterly Focus report on cross-border natural gas trade between the United States and Mexico. This Quarterly Focus article is a follow-up to the 1997 report. This report revisits and updates the status of some of the pipeline projects discussed in 1997, and examines a number of other planned cross-border pipeline facilities which were proposed subsequent to our 1997 report. A few of the existing and proposed pipelines are bidirectional and thus have the capability of serving either Mexico, or the United States, depending on market conditions and gas supply availability. These new projects, if completed, would greatly enhance the pipeline infrastructure on the U.S.-Mexico border and would increase gas pipeline throughput capacity for cross-border trade by more than 1 billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day. The Quarterly Focus is comprised of five sections. Section I includes the introduction as well as a brief historic overview of U.S./Mexican natural gas trade; a discussion of Mexico's energy regulatory structure; and a review of trade agreements and a 1992 legislative change which allows for her cross-border gas trade in North America. Section II looks at initiatives that have been taken by the Mexican Government since 1995to open its energy markets to greater competition and privatization. Section III reviews Mexican gas demand forecasts and looks at future opportunities for U.S. gas producers to supplement Mexico's indigenous supplies in order to meet the anticipated rapid growth in demand. Section IV examines the U.S.-Mexico natural gas trade in recent years. It also looks specifically at monthly import and export volumes and prices and identifies short-term trends in this trade. Finally, Section V reviews the existing and planned cross-border gas pipeline infrastructure. The section also specifically describes six planned pipelines intended to expand this pipeline network and their planned in-service dates.

  17. Risk-based maintenance modeling. Prioritization of maintenance importances and quantification of maintenance effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vesely, W.E.; Rezos, J.T. [Science Applications International Corp., Dublin, OH (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes methods for prioritizing the risk importances of maintenances using a Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA). Approaches then are described for quantifying their reliability and risk effects. Two different PRA importance measures, minimal cutset importances and risk reduction importances, were used to prioritize maintenances; the findings show that both give similar results if appropriate criteria are used. The justifications for the particular importance measures also are developed. The methods developed to quantify the reliability and risk effects of maintenance actions are extensions of the usual reliability models now used in PRAs. These extended models consider degraded states of the component, and quantify the benefits of maintenance in correcting degradations and preventing failures. The negative effects of maintenance, including downtimes, also are included. These models are specific types of Markov models. The data for these models can be obtained from plant maintenance logs and from the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System (NPRDS). To explore the potential usefulness of these models, the authors analyzed a range of postulated values of input data. These models were used to examine maintenance effects on a components reliability and performance for various maintenance programs and component data. Maintenance schedules were analyzed to optimize the component`s availability. In specific cases, the effects of maintenance were found to be large.

  18. Production of magnesium metal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

  19. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  20. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Shimshon, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (North Gallilea, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  1. Experience with the Architectural Design of a Modest Product Family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Robyn R.

    1 Experience with the Architectural Design of a Modest Product Family Robert W. Schwanke Siemens Laboratory rlutz@cs.iastate.edu #12;2 Summary Many product families are modest in the sense that they consist for the architectural design of a modest product family. The paper describes the process, design alternatives

  2. PRODUCTION PLANNING BASED ON RELIABILITY MODELS FOR PART REUSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Lily H.

    PRODUCTION PLANNING BASED ON RELIABILITY MODELS FOR PART REUSE Takeshi Murayama, Hiroshi Obata, Canada Abstract: This paper describes a production planning procedure addressing the issue that the timings and quantities of returned products and reusable components included in them is unknown

  3. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 34 figs.

  4. affecting nuclear import: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear properties in nuclear terra incognita. It is important to remember that the lesson learned by going to the limits of the nuclear binding is also important for normal...

  5. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  6. U.S. LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  7. U.S. LNG Imports from Other Countries

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  8. U.S. LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  9. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2015 1:45:50 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9102CN2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...

  10. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    32015 8:32:49 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9103EG2" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt...

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - Nuclear Material Import Export License...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Commission (NRC) importexport license? - Licenses for imports - Licenses for exports - Export license monitoring Highlights of importsexports in 2014 - Nuclear...

  12. Iron production maintenance effectiveness system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augstman, J.J. [Dofasco Inc., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1989, an internal study in the Coke and Iron Maintenance Department identified the opportunities available to increase production, by decreasing unscheduled maintenance delays from 4.6%. A five year front loaded plan was developed, and presented to the company president. The plan required an initial investment of $1.4 million and a conservative break-even point was calculated to be 2.5 years. Due to budget restraints, it would have to be self-funded, i.e., generate additional production or savings, to pay for the program. The program began in 1991 at number 2 coke plant and the blast furnaces. This paper will describe the Iron Production Maintenance Effectiveness System (ME), which began with the mechanical and pipefitting trades.

  13. Ultra-Deepwater Production Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken L. Smith; Marc E. Leveque

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The report herein is a summary of the work performed on three projects to demonstrate hydrocarbon drilling and production methods applicable to deep and ultra deepwater field developments in the Gulf of Mexico and other like applications around the world. This work advances technology that could lead to more economic development and exploitation of reserves in ultra-deep water or remote areas. The first project is Subsea Processing. Its scope includes a review of the ''state of the art'' in subsea components to enable primary production process functions such as first stage liquids and gas separation, flow boosting, chemical treatment, flow metering, etc. These components are then combined to allow for the elimination of costly surface production facilities at the well site. A number of studies were then performed on proposed field development projects to validate the economic potential of this technology. The second project involved the design and testing of a light weight production riser made of composite material. The proposed design was to meet an actual Gulf of Mexico deepwater development project. The various engineering and testing work is reviewed, including test results. The third project described in this report encompasses the development and testing of a close tolerance liner drilling system, a new technology aimed at reducing deepwater drilling costs. The design and prototype testing in a test well are described in detail.

  14. Natural gas imports and exports: First quarter report 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Fuels Programs prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports with the OFP. This quarter`s focus is market penetration of gas imports into New England. Attachments show the following: % takes to maximum firm contract levels and weighted average per unit price for the long-term importers, volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters, volumes and prices for gas imported on short-term or spot market basis, and gas exported short-term to Canada and Mexico.

  15. Natural gas imports and exports, third quarter report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports showing natural gas import and export activity. Companies are required to file quarterly reports. Attachments show the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the 5 most recent quarters, volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months, volume and price data for gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis, and the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  16. Natural gas imports and exports, fourth quarter report 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports showing natural gas import and export activity. Companies are required to file quarterly reports. Attachments show the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent quarters, volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months, volume and price data for gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis, and the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  17. Natural gas imports and exports, first quarter report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports showing natural gas import and export activity. Companies are required to file quarterly reports. Attachments show the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the 5 most recent reporting quarters, volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months, volume and price data for gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis, and the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  18. Improve syngas production using autothermal reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, T.S.; Primdahl, I.I. (Haldor Topsoe, Copenhagen (Denmark))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthesis gas or syngas, i.e., mixtures of CO and H[sub 2], is a major route from hydrocarbons to many important bulk chemicals ranging from acetic acid to ammonia. Syngas conversion uses hydrocarbon feedstocks, steam, O[sub 2] and CO[sub 2], either separately or in combinations. Autothermal reforming (ATR) is a low-investment process using a simple reactor design. The process is soot-free due to burner design and fixed-bed catalyst. Developed in the late '50s, ATR's main application was for ammonia and methanol syntheses. In ammonia plants, hydrogen production was maximized by operating at high H[sub 2]O/C ratios ranging from 2.5 to 3.5 mole/mole. In methanol units, CO[sub 2] recycle adjusted the syngas composition. ATR is also used to co-produce CO and H[sub 2] as separate streams at H[sub 2]O/C ratios of 1.4 to 2.0 mole/mole. recent developments and optimizations allow cost-effective operation at very low H[sub 2]O/C feed ratios to produce CO-rich syngas. The paper describes the process, including feedstocks and reactor design, the chemical reactions, development and improvements to the process, test results, soot formation, burner design, burner testing, applications, thermodynamic calculations, industrial application, noncatalytic and catalytic partial oxidation, and future uses.

  19. Import and export of the nuclear protein import receptor transportin by a mechanism independent of GTP hydrolysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreyfuss, Gideon

    Import and export of the nuclear protein import receptor transportin by a mechanism independent of GTP hydrolysis Sara Nakielny and Gideon Dreyfuss Background: Nuclear protein import and export are mediated by receptor proteins that recognize nuclear localization sequences (NLSs) or nuclear export

  20. A hyperbolic problem with non-local constraint describing ion-rearrangement in a model for ion-lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Scrobogna; Juan J. L. Velázquez

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the Fokker-Plank equation arising in a model which describes the charge and discharge process of ion-lithium batteries. In particular we focus our attention on slow reaction regimes with non-negligible entropic effects, which triggers the mass-splitting transition. At first we prove that the problem is globally well-posed. After that we prove a stability result under some hypothesis of improved regularity and a uniqueness result for the stability under some additional condition of

  1. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  2. The Production of Child Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    The Production of Child Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility Anna Aizer Brown the human capital production function. Exploiting an exogenous source of investment, the launch of Head of the production of human capital also support an important role played by early human capital which is largely

  3. A simple model of universe describing the early inflation and the late accelerated expansion in a symmetric manner

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavanis, Pierre-Henri [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), CNRS and UPS, Université de Toulouse (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), CNRS and UPS, Université de Toulouse (France)

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a simple model of universe which 'unifies' vacuum energy and radiation on the one hand, and matter and dark energy on the other hand in the spirit of a generalized Chaplygin gas model. Specifically, the phases of early inflation and late accelerated expansion are described by a generalized equation of state p/c{sup 2} = ??+k?{sup 1+1/n} having a linear component p = ??c{sup 2} and a polytropic component p = k?{sup 1+1/n}c{sup 2}. For ?= 1/3, n= 1 and k=?4/(3?{sub P}), where ?{sub P}= 5.1610{sup 99} g/m{sup 3} is the Planck density, this equation of state describes the transition between the vacuum energy era and the radiation era. For t? 0, the universe undergoes an inflationary expansion that brings it from the Planck size l{sub P}= 1.6210{sup ?35} m to a size a{sub 1}= 2.6110{sup ?6} m on a timescale of about 23.3 Planck times t{sub P}= 5.3910{sup ?44} s (early inflation). When t > t{sub 1}= 23.3t{sub P}, the universe decelerates and enters in the radiation era. We interpret the transition from the vacuum energy era to the radiation era as a second order phase transition where the Planck constant ? plays the role of finite size effects (the standard Big Bang theory is recovered for ?= 0). For ?= 0, n=?1 and k=??{sub ?}, where ?{sub ?}= 7.0210{sup ?24} g/m{sup 3} is the cosmological density, the equation of state p/c{sup 2} = ??+k?{sup 1+1/n} describes the transition from a decelerating universe dominated by pressureless matter (baryonic and dark matter) to an accelerating universe dominated by dark energy (late inflation). This transition takes place at a size a{sub 2}= 0.204l{sub ?}. corresponding to a time t{sub 2}= 0.203t{sub ?} where l{sub ?}= 4.38 10{sup 26} m is the cosmological length and t{sub ?}= 1.46 10{sup 18} s the cosmological time. The present universe turns out to be just at the transition between these two periods (t{sub 0}?t{sub 2}). Our model gives the same results as the standard ?CDM model for t?t{sub P} and completes it by incorporating a phase of early inflation for t < 23.3t{sub P} in a very natural manner. Furthermore, it reveals a nice 'symmetry' between the early and the late evolution of the universe. The early universe is modeled by a polytrope n=+ 1 and the late universe by a polytrope n=?1. Furthermore, the cosmological constant ? in the late universe plays a role similar to the Planck constant ? in the early universe. The mathematical formulae in the early and in the late universe are then strikingly symmetric. We interpret the cosmological constant as a fundamental constant of Nature describing the 'cosmophysics' just like the Planck constant describes the 'microphysics'. The Planck density and the cosmological density represent fundamental upper and lower bounds differing by 122 orders of magnitude. The cosmological constant 'problem' may be a false problem. Finally, we show that our model admits a scalar field interpretation based on a quintessence field or a tachyon field.

  4. Forest biomass and pulpwood in particular is the most important raw material for cellulose. The most common species for this purpose are pine, spruce and birch in the Nordic countries and eucalyptus and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    will become increasingly important to mankind when pursuing to replace oil-based products with renewable and sanitary fibre products. Chemical pulping processes yield various by-products of which lignin-containing black liquor is used for energy production and extractives can be further processed for example

  5. Response of structures to energetic events for the Savannah River Site production reactors probabilistic risk assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santa Cruz, S.M.; Smith, D.C. (Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Yau, W.F. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of structures to energetic events postulated to arise in a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of a Savannah River Site (SRS) production reactor is addressed. Energetic events that arise in PRAs can damage structures and therefore have a significant influence on subsequent accident progression. Consequently, the structural response is important to the calculated risk of operating a plant. Difficulties are encountered, however, in the analysis of structural response of components to energetic loadings. First, the analysis of energetic events often does not provide well-defined static or dynamic loads acting on the structures. Secondly, risk assessments, by their nature, address a wide range of events that are not necessarily precisely defined. This paper describes an approach taken to develop the structural analysis required to support the PRA of the SRS production reactor, that overcomes these difficulties.

  6. Response of structures to energetic events for the Savannah River Site production reactors probabilistic risk assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santa Cruz, S.M.; Smith, D.C. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Yau, W.F. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of structures to energetic events postulated to arise in a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of a Savannah River Site (SRS) production reactor is addressed. Energetic events that arise in PRAs can damage structures and therefore have a significant influence on subsequent accident progression. Consequently, the structural response is important to the calculated risk of operating a plant. Difficulties are encountered, however, in the analysis of structural response of components to energetic loadings. First, the analysis of energetic events often does not provide well-defined static or dynamic loads acting on the structures. Secondly, risk assessments, by their nature, address a wide range of events that are not necessarily precisely defined. This paper describes an approach taken to develop the structural analysis required to support the PRA of the SRS production reactor, that overcomes these difficulties.

  7. Isotope Science and Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isotope Science and Production 35 years of experience in isotope production, processing, and applications. Llllll Committed to the safe and reliable production of radioisotopes, products, and services nuclear materials in trucks and cargo containers. Isotopes for Threat Reduction Isotope production at Los

  8. Biological production of products from waste gases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR)

    2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, such as organic acids, alcohols, hydrogen, single cell protein, and salts of organic acids by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified.

  9. oZONE Faculty and Staff Exporting and Importing Grades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    oZONE Faculty and Staff Exporting and Importing Grades Exporting/Importing Grades in oZONE The new - Log in to ozone.ou.edu using your OU Net ID (4+4) as you would in any other OU system. Click Importing Grades from a Exported oZONE template If you exported a course template from the oZONE grading

  10. EIS-0508: Downeast LNG Import-Export Project, Robbinston, Maine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is preparing an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) import and export terminal facilities in Washington County, Maine. DOE is a cooperating agency in preparing the EIS. DOE, Office of Fossil Energy, has an obligation under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act to authorize the import and export of natural gas, including LNG, unless it finds that the import or export is not consistent with the public interest.

  11. NLO Vector Boson Production With Light Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bern, Z.; Diana, G.; Dixon, L.J.; Febres Cordero, F.; Forde, D.; Gleisberg, T.; Hoeche, S.; Ita, H.; Kosower, D.A.; Maitre, D.; Ozeren, K.

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this contribution we present recent progress in the computation of next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections for the production of an electroweak vector boson in association with jets at hadron colliders. We focus on results obtained using the virtual matrix element library BlackHat in conjunction with SHERPA, focusing on results relevant to understanding the background to top production. The production of a vector boson in association with several jets at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is an important background for other Standard Model processes as well as new physics signals. In particular, the production of a W boson in association with many jets is an important background for processes involving one or more top quarks. Precise predictions for the backgrounds are crucial to measurement of top-quark processes. Vector boson production in association with multiple jets is also a very important background for many SUSY searches, as it mimics the signatures of many typical decay chains. Here we will discuss how polarization information can be used as an additional handle to differentiate top pair production from 'prompt' W-boson production. More generally, ratios of observables, for example for events containing a W boson versus those containing a Z boson, are expected to be better-behaved as many uncertainties cancel in such ratios. Precise calculation of ratios, along with measurement of one of the two processes in the ratio, can be used in data-driven techniques for estimating backgrounds.

  12. Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Produce Hydrocarbon Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Zacher, Alan H.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Catalytic hydroprocessing has been applied to biomass fast pyrolysis liquid product (bio-oil) in a bench-scale continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor system. The intent of the research was to develop process technology to convert the bio-oil into a petroleum refinery feedstock to supplement fossil energy resources and to displace imported feedstock. The project was a cooperative research and development agreement among UOP LLC, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). This paper is focused on the process experimentation and product analysis undertaken at PNNL. The paper describes the experimental methods used and relates the results of the product analyses. A range of catalyst formulations were tested over a range of operating parameters including temperature, pressure, and flow-rate with bio-oil derived from several different biomass feedstocks. Effects of liquid hourly space velocity and catalyst bed temperature were assessed. Details of the process results were presented including mass and elemental balances. Detailed analysis of the products were provided including elemental composition, chemical functional type determined by mass spectrometry, and product descriptors such as density, viscosity and Total Acid Number (TAN). In summation, the paper provides an understanding of the efficacy of hydroprocessing as applied to bio-oil.

  13. Charmonium production in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei at CERN and comparison with Brookhaven data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topilskaya, N. S., E-mail: topilska@inr.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of experimental data on charmoniumproduction that were obtained in fixed-target experiments at the SPS synchrotron and in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei in beams of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN (Switzerland) is presented. A comparison with data obtained at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (USA) from experiments at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is performed. Measurement of the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production as a possible signal of the production of quark-gluon plasmawas proposed back in 1986 by T. Matsui and H. Satz. An anomalous suppression of J/{psi}-meson production was discovered by the NA50 Collaboration at SPS (CERN) in central collisions of lead nuclei at the c.m. collision energy of 158 GeV per nucleon. Data obtained at the c.m. energy of 200 GeV per nucleon in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC indicate that, depending on multiplicity, the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production at this energy approximately corresponds to the suppression of J/{psi}-meson production in collisions of lead nuclei at the SPS accelerator. Theoretical models that take into account the regeneration of J/{psi} mesons describe better RHIC experimental data. The measurement of charmonium production in proton-proton collisions and in collisions of lead nuclei in LHC beams revealed the importance of taking into account the regeneration process. At the LHC energies, it is also necessary to take into account the contribution of B-meson decays. Future measurements of charmonium production at the LHC to a higher statistical precision and over an extended energy region would be of importance for obtaining deeper insight into the mechanism of charmonium production and for studying the properties of matter at high energy density and temperature.

  14. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 51 Table 29. F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year...

  15. Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretat...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  16. Deputy Secretary Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall Discusses Importance...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Jeh Johnson, Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall discussed building upon the work of the Electricity Sub-Sector Coordinating Council (ESCC), and the importance of expanding and...

  17. Force Field Modeling of Conformational Energies: Importance of Multipole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponder, Jay

    Force Field Modeling of Conformational Energies: Importance of Multipole Moments and Intramolecular as the molecules become more polar. Inclusion of multipole moments and intramolecular polarization can improve

  18. Importance of science education to national security will be...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physicist Charles McMillan to provide unique perspective Importance of science education to national security will be Los Alamos director's topic at TEDxABQ Director Charlie...

  19. ,"International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

  20. ,"Eastport, ID Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Eastport, ID...

  1. ,"Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","L...

  2. ,"Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Waddington, NY...

  3. ,"Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pittsburg, NH...

  4. ,"Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Noyes, MN...

  5. ,"Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data...

  6. ,"Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest...

  7. ,"Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Grand Island,...

  8. ,"Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Warroad, MN...

  9. ,"Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Niagara Falls,...

  10. ,"Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Detroit, MI...

  11. ,"North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data...

  12. ,"Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massena, NY...

  13. ,"Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest...

  14. ,"Babb, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Babb, MT...

  15. ,"Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Sherwood, ND...

  16. ,"Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Marysville, MI...

  17. ,"Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest...

  18. ,"Sumas, WA Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Sumas, WA...

  19. ,"Portal, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Portal, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data...

  20. ,"Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Calais, ME...

  1. ,"Havre, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Havre, MT...

  2. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Group on January 2005 Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States More Documents & Publications North America: Regulation...

  3. National Energy Board Export and Import Reporting Regulations (Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations of the Canadian National Energy Board are for the administration of importing and exporting energy, including natural gas and electricity.

  4. ,"New York Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas Imports Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013 ,"Release...

  5. Covered Product Category: Cool Roof Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including cool roof products, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

  6. 382 V. Dykin et al. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 53 (2013) 381400 describing the dynamical behavior of the system i.e. the thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equations (PDEs) (Bell and Glasstone, 1970; Todreas and Kazimi, 1990), which fully describe the reactor

  7. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Technical Basis Guide Describing How to Perform Safety Margin Configuration Risk Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis Smith; James Knudsen; Bentley Harwood

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The INL has carried out a demonstration of the RISMC approach for the purpose of configuration risk management. We have shown how improved accuracy and realism can be achieved by simulating changes in risk – as a function of different configurations – in order to determine safety margins as the plant is modified. We described the various technical issues that play a role in these configuration-based calculations with the intent that future applications can take advantage of the analysis benefits while avoiding some of the technical pitfalls that are found for these types of calculations. Specific recommendations have been provided on a variety of topics aimed at improving the safety margin analysis and strengthening the technical basis behind the analysis process.

  8. New Production Reactors Program Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part I of this New Production Reactors (NPR) Program Plan: describes the policy basis of the NPR Program; describes the mission and objectives of the NPR Program; identifies the requirements that must be met in order to achieve the mission and objectives; and describes and assesses the technology and siting options that were considered, the Program's preferred strategy, and its rationale. The implementation strategy for the New Production Reactors Program has three functions: Linking the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of facilities to policies requirements, and the process for selecting options. The development of an implementation strategy ensures that activities and procedures are consistent with the rationale and analysis underlying the Program. Organization of the Program. The strategy establishes plans, organizational structure, procedures, a budget, and a schedule for carrying out the Program. By doing so, the strategy ensures the clear assignment of responsibility and accountability. Management and monitoring of the Program. Finally, the strategy provides a basis for monitoring the Program so that technological, cost, and scheduling issues can be addressed when they arise as the Program proceeds. Like the rest of the Program Plan, the Implementation Strategy is a living document and will be periodically revised to reflect both progress made in the Program and adjustments in plans and policies as they are made. 21 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Weather Forecast Data an Important Input into Building Management Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulin, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GEPS 21 members ? Provides probabilistic forecasts ? Can give useful outlooks for longer term weather forecasts ? Scribe matrix from GDPS ? includes UMOS post processed model data ? Variables like Temperature, humidity post processed by UMOS ? See...://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/cmc/cmoi/cmc-prob-products/ ? Link to experimental 3-day outlook of REPS quilts ? http://collaboration.cmc.ec.gc.ca/cmc/cmoi/cmc-prob-products.reps Users can also make their own products from ensemble forecast data? Sample ascii matrix of 2m temperature could be fed...

  10. Relative importance of radical families The "Ozone Hole"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    · Relative importance of radical families · The "Ozone Hole" · Introduction to heterogeneous chemistry Tuesday, March 8, 2011 #12;Review of important points so far Stratospheric ozone is only produced with these parameters Sir Sydney Chapman nearly got it right. He could account for the formation of the ozone layer

  11. 1 INRODUCTION Electric power system is an important lifeline engi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    1 INRODUCTION Electric power system is an important lifeline engi- neering system that has much to do with the national economy and the people's livelihood. With social progress, electric power system and safety of electric power system become more and more important. Earthquake resistant analysis of electric

  12. Page 1 of 39 Unscented Importance Sampling for Parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gracie, Robert

    Page 1 of 39 Unscented Importance Sampling for Parameter Calibration of Carbon Sequestration. Keywords: CO2 sequestration, Uncertainty Mitigation, Bayesian Update, Importance Sampling #12;Page 2 of 39 1. Introduction Risk assessment and management are inevitable components of any CO2 Sequestration

  13. Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Very Important Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Very Important Physics 2010 VIP2010 June 7-12, 2010 Hamburg Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Very Important Physics 2010 (VIP2010) June 7-12, 2010, Hamburg, Germany is on Indico If the conference is on Indico we ask you to upload the final version of the proceedings. We

  14. Natural gas imports and exports. Second quarter report 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarter`s feature report focuses on natural gas exports to Mexico. OFP invites ideas from the public on future topics dealing with North American natural gas import/export trade. Such suggestions should be left on OFP`s electronic bulletin board. Natural Gas exports to Mexico continued to grow and reached an historic high for the month of June (7.8 Bcf). Two new long-term contracts were activated; Pennsylvania Gas & Water Company began importing 14.7 MMcf per day from TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., and Renaissance Energy (U.S.) Inc. began importing 2.8 MMcf per day from Renaissance Energy Ltd. for resale to Delmarva Power & Light Company. Algerian LNG imports remained stagnant with only one tanker being imported by Pan National Gas Sales, Inc. (Pan National). During the first six months of 1995, data indicates gas imports increased by about 10 percent over the 1994 level (1,418 vs. 1,285 Bcf), with Canadian imports increasing by 14 percent and Algerian imports decreasing by 81 percent. During the same time period, exports increased by 18 percent (83 vs. 70.1 Bcf).

  15. Natural gas imports and exports. Second quarter report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports. This report is for the second quarter of 1997 (April through June).

  16. Half of Dutch timber imports 'illegal' 25 November 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Half of Dutch timber imports 'illegal' 25 November 2003 AMSTERDAM -- The Netherlands imports a large quantity of illegal wood every year and large scale improvements can be made in relation in the midst of a Greenpeace protest campaign against illegal hardwood, claiming that about 50 percent

  17. Natural gas imports and exports. Fourth quarter report, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports. This report is for the fourth quarter of 1998 (October through December). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  18. Natural gas imports and exports: Third quarter report, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports. This report is for the third quarter of 1998 (July--September). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent calendar quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  19. Natural gas imports and exports. First quarter report 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico. 14 figs., 9 tabs.

  20. Natural gas imports and exports. Third quarter report 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This quarterly report, prepared by The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities, summarizes the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Numerical data are presented in four attachments, each of which is comprised of a series of tables. Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent calendar quarters. Volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past year are given in Attachment B. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D lists gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico. Highlights of the report are very briefly summarized.

  1. Natural gas imports and exports. First quarter report, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports. This report is for the first quarter of 1998 (January through March). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  2. Natural gas imports and exports. Second quarter report, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Natural Gas and Petroleum Import and Export Activities prepared quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports. This report is for the second quarter of 1998 (April through June). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information pertaining to gas imported on a short-term or spot market basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  3. from Isotope Production Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility April 13, 2012 Isotope Production Facility produces cancer-fighting actinium 2:32 Isotope cancer treatment...

  4. cDNA cloning and transcriptional regulation of the vitellogenin receptor from the imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Mei-Er

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Receptors that transport vitellogenin into oocytes are of vital importance to egg-laying species because they promote oocyte development. In this study, we describe the cloning of the first hymenopteran vitellogenin receptor (VgR) cDNA. Using...

  5. Underground coal gasification product quality parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruggink, P.R.; Davis, B.E.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simplified model is described which will indicate the economic value of the raw product gas from an experimental underground coal gasification test on a real-time basis in order to aid in the optimization of the process during the course of the test. The model relates the properties of the product gas and the injection gas to the cost of producing each of five potential commercial products. This model was utilized to evaluate data during the Gulf-DOE underground coal gasification test at Rawlins, Wyoming in the fall of 1981. 6 refs.

  6. Asymmetric Hydrogenations of Chiral Acyclic Alkenes for Important Chiron Syntheses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ye

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    for syntheses ofpolyketide natural products using our N,carbene Crabtree's catalyst analog. Starting from optically active starting materials (eg Roche esters, lactic acid, glyceraldehyde dimethyl ketals, amino acids), highly optically active chiral alkenes can...

  7. Randomization tests for quantifying species importance to ecosystem function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    and grasses on soil properties in a variety of eco- systems (see Binkley & Giardina 1998; Schlesinger, such as legumes, on biodiversity­productivity relation- ships in grasslands (Spehn et al. 2002), to name just

  8. 1.0 GAS TRANSFER An important process used in water and wastewater treatment. Also very important when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stenstrom, Michael K.

    1.0 GAS TRANSFER An important process used in water and wastewater treatment. Also very important = CL (CL + HcVG) (6) where CL = liquid phase concentration, VL = liquid volume, CG = gas phase concentration, VG = gas volume, Hc = dimensionless Henry's law coefficient and M = mass of gas. Now use two

  9. Particle production in proton-proton collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. T. Ghoneim; M. T. Hussein; F. H. Sawy

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we present a study of particle production in proton-proton collisions using data that are collected from many experiments of relative wide range of reaction energies. These data include production of pions and heavier particles; like keons and lambda hyperons. Proton-proton collision is a simple system to investigate and to be considered a starting point that guides to more complicated processes of production in the proton-nucleus and the nucleus-nucleus collisions. In this paper, we are interested in the mechanisms that describe the process of particle production over a wide range of interaction energy, and how the physics of production changes with changing energy. Besides, this work may raise a question: are heavier particles than pions produced via the same mechanism(s) of producing pions, or these are created differently, being different in masses and other physical properties?

  10. Production of Virginia Peanuts in the Rolling Plains and Southern High Plains of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemon, Robert G.; Lee, Thomas A.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cultural practices such as crop rotation, maintaining plant nutrition, irrigation management and disease management are crucial for the successful production of Virginia peanuts. This publications describes these and other production considerations....

  11. Kaizen events implementation for cycle time reduction in gauge production line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ren, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the implementation of three Kaizen events designed to improve efficiency on a gauge production line which consists of both semiconductor and mechanical equipment for manufacturing complex products ...

  12. Central Exclusive Production at RHIC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Adamczyk, Leszek [Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science , AGH - University of Science and Technology, Krakow, (Poland); Guryn, Wlodek [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Turnau, Jacek [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow, (Poland)

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The present status and future plans of the physics program of Central Exclusive Production (CEP) at RHIC are described. The measurements are based on the detection of the forward protons from the Double Pomeron Exchange (DPE) process in the Roman Pot system and of the recoil system of charged particles from the DPE process measured in the STAR experiment’s Time Projection Chamber (TPC). The data described here were taken using polarized proton-proton collisions at ps = 200 GeV. The preliminary spectra of two pion and four pion invariant mass reconstructed by STAR TPC in central region of pseudo-rapidity |#17;| < 1, are presented. Near future plans to take data with the current system at center-of-mass energy ps = 200 GeV and plans to upgrade the forward proton tagging sys- tem are presented. Also a possible addition of the Roman Pots to the sPHENIX detector is discussed.

  13. Central Exclusive Production at RHIC

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Adamczyk, Leszek; Guryn, Wlodek; Turnau, Jacek

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The present status and future plans of the physics program of Central Exclusive Production (CEP) at RHIC are described. The measurements are based on the detection of the forward protons from the Double Pomeron Exchange (DPE) process in the Roman Pot system and of the recoil system of charged particles from the DPE process measured in the STAR experiment’s Time Projection Chamber (TPC). The data described here were taken using polarized proton-proton collisions at ps = 200 GeV. The preliminary spectra of two pion and four pion invariant mass reconstructed by STAR TPC in central region of pseudo-rapidity |#17;| more »1, are presented. Near future plans to take data with the current system at center-of-mass energy ps = 200 GeV and plans to upgrade the forward proton tagging sys- tem are presented. Also a possible addition of the Roman Pots to the sPHENIX detector is discussed.« less

  14. A one-dimensional Fermi accelerator model with moving wall described by a nonlinear van der Pol oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiago Botari; Edson Denis Leonel

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A modification of the one-dimensional Fermi accelerator model is considered in this work. The dynamics of a classical particle of mass $m$, confined to bounce elastically between two rigid walls where one is described by a non-linear van der Pol type oscillator while the other one is fixed, working as a re-injection mechanism of the particle for a next collision, is carefully made by the use of a two-dimensional non-linear mapping. Two cases are considered: (i) the situation where the particle has mass negligible as compared to the mass of the moving wall and does not affect the motion of it; (ii) the case where collisions of the particle does affect the movement of the moving wall. For case (i) the phase space is of mixed type leading us to observe a scaling of the average velocity as a function of the parameter ($\\c{hi}$) controlling the non-linearity of the moving wall. For large $\\c{hi}$, a diffusion on the velocity is observed leading us to conclude that Fermi acceleration is taking place. On the other hand for case (ii), the motion of the moving wall is affected by collisions with the particle. However due to the properties of the van der Pol oscillation, the moving wall relaxes again to a limit cycle. Such kind of motion absorbs part of the energy of the particle leading to a suppression of the unlimited energy gain as observed in case (i). The phase space shows a set of attractors of different periods whose basin of attraction has a complicate organization.

  15. Hydrogen Production from Biomass via Indirect Gasification: The Impact of NREL Process Development Unit Gasifier Correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinchin, C. M.; Bain, R. L.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a set of updated gasifier correlations developed by NREL to predict biomass gasification products and Minimum Hydrogen Selling Price.

  16. International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management Copyright 2009 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management Copyright © 2009 Inderscience Enterprises, the ability to describe a system from different viewpoints such as different disciplinary domains, life-cycle

  17. Homogeneous fast-flux isotope-production reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cawley, W.E.; Omberg, R.P.

    1982-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for producing tritium in a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. Lithium target material is dissolved in the liquid metal coolant in order to facilitate the production and removal of tritium.

  18. System for thermochemical hydrogen production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werner, R.W.; Galloway, T.R.; Krikorian, O.H.

    1981-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Method and apparatus are described for joule boosting a SO/sub 3/ decomposer using electrical instead of thermal energy to heat the reactants of the high temperature SO/sub 3/ decomposition step of a thermochemical hydrogen production process driven by a tandem mirror reactor. Joule boosting the decomposer to a sufficiently high temperature from a lower temperature heat source eliminates the need for expensive catalysts and reduces the temperature and consequent materials requirements for the reactor blanket. A particular decomposer design utilizes electrically heated silicon carbide rods, at a temperature of 1250/sup 0/K, to decompose a cross flow of SO/sub 3/ gas.

  19. ################### g VM Production Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kai­C. Voss, Bonn University 1 Vector meson production at HERA ############################### ################# ############### ############ #################################### ######################################### ############################ #12; Kai­C. Voss, Bonn University 2 Vector meson production at HERA # ################################################## ############################## ## ####################################### # # ## # ######## ### #### # # #12; Kai­C. Voss, Bonn University 3 Vector meson production at HERA VM Production Mechanisms soft

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE CONTAINING SCRAP TIRE RUBBER in a variety of rubber and plastic products, thermal incineration of waste tires for production of electricity rubber in asphalt mixes, (ii) thermal incineration of worn-out tires for the production of electricity

  1. Meats & Products Agricultural Inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Meats & Products Agricultural Inputs Processing Idaho B20 C C B Meats and Livestock Products Index to agriculture? Legend Overall weighted grade Weighted rank Northwest Midwest Southwest East Meats & ProductsProcessingessing Maine B11 B A A Meats & Products Agricultural Inputs Processing New York F49 F F F soductsoducts

  2. (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium was not recovered from ores in the United States in 2000. Domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statistics--United States: 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000e Production, refinery -- -- -- -- -- Imports fluctuations. World Refinery Production, Reserves, and Reserve Base: Refinery productione Reserves2 Reserve

  3. (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium was not recovered from ores in the United States in 2002. Domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statistics--United States: 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002e Production, refinery -- -- -- -- -- Imports. World Refinery Production, Reserves, and Reserve Base: Refinery productione Reserves3 Reserve base3 2001

  4. auxin importer implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2014 IMPORTANT NOTICE Total vs. Free Kappa and Lambda Light Chains EQAS Serum Proteins Program BC05BC10 Dear Valued Participant, Please be advised that as of cycle 41, both...

  5. he Government of India visualized the importance of electronics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, N.

    as important to the Indian economy as oil. EMERGING DIGITAL ECONOMY The global market for IT enabling services TECHNOLOGY 358 C H A P T E R X X X V I #12;Governments, Indian software and hardware market (including

  6. Enhanced photolysis in aerosols: evidence for important surface effects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nissenson, Paul; Knox, Christopher J H; Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J; Phillips, Leon F; Dabdub, Donald

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    irradiated for 30 s in the aerosol phase, (b) Mo(CO) 6 in 1-irradiation for both aerosols and the bulk-liquid solution.Enhanced photolysis in aerosols: evidence for important

  7. Natural gas imports and exports. Third quarter report 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of LNG import and export trade. Information is presented on prices and gas exported on short-term or spot market basis to Canada and Mexico.

  8. The Importance of Photonics Technology | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Global Research. I would like to further highlight the importance of Photonics and Optics by pointing to a recent report written by the US National Academies with the help of...

  9. ,"Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Port of Morgan,...

  10. ,"St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","St. Clair, MI...

  11. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    GUIDE TO FEDERAL REGULATION OF SALES OF IMPORTED ELECTRICITY IN CANADA, MEXICO, AND THE UNITED STATES A Publication of The North American Energy Working Group January 2005 1 The...

  12. LNG imports make strong recovery in 1996; exports increase also

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swain, E.J. [Swain (Edward J.), Houston, TX (United States)

    1998-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    LNG imports to the US jumped in 1996 as Algerian base-load plants resumed operations following major revamps. Exports from Alaska to Japan grew by nearly 4% over 1995. Total LNG imports to the US in 1996 were 40.27 bcf compared to 17.92 bcf in 1995, an increase of 124.8%. Algeria supplied 35.32 bcf; Abu Dhabi, 4.95 bcf. About 82.3% of the imported LNG was received at Distrigas Corp.`s terminal north of Boston. The remaining LNG was received at the Pan National terminal in Lake Charles, LA. LNG imports during 1995 fell to such a low level not because of depressed US demand but because of limited supply. The paper discusses LNG-receiving terminals, base-load producers, LNG pricing, and exports.

  13. Land management practices to become important as biofuels use...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Land management practices to become important as biofuels use grows By Angela Hardin * May 21, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint The handling of agricultural crop residues appears to have a...

  14. Natural gas imports and exports. First quarter report 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Fuels Programs Prepares quarterly reports Summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports with the OFP. This report is for the first quarter of 1994 (January--March). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the five most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past twelve months. Attachment C shows volume and price information for gas imported on a short-term basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term basis to Canada and Mexico. During the first three months of 1994, data indicates that gas imports grew by about 14 percent over the level of the first quarter of 1993 (668 vs. 586 Bcf), with Canadian and Algerian imports increasing by 12 and 53 percent, respectively. During the same time period, exports declined by 15 percent (41 vs. 48 Bcf). Exports to Canada increased by 10 percent from the 1993 level (22 vs. 20 Bcf) and exports to Mexico decreased by 64 percent (5 vs. 14 Bcf).

  15. Natural gas imports and exports; Fourth quarterly report, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Fuels Programs prepares quarterly reports summarizing the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly reports with the OFP. This report is for the fourth quarter of 1993 (October--December). Attachment A shows the percentage of takes to maximum firm contract levels and the weighted average per unit price for each of the long-term importers during the 5 most recent reporting quarters. Attachment B shows volumes and prices of gas purchased by long-term importers and exporters during the past 12 months. Attachment C shows volume and price information for gas imported on a short-term basis. Attachment D shows the gas exported on a short-term basis to Canada and Mexico. During 1993, data indicates gas imports grew by about 10 percent over the 1992 level (2328 vs. 2122 Bcf), with Canadian and Algerian imports increasing by 8 and 82 percent, respectively. During the same time period, exports declined by 41 percent (144 vs. 243 Bcf). Exports to Canada decreased 47 percent from the 1992 level (50 vs. 95 Bcf) and exports to Mexico decreased by 60 percent (38 vs. 95 Bcf).

  16. Possible energy effects of a US ban on Libyan oil imports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peach, J.D.

    1982-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Under current slack market conditions, a ban on trade with Libya is not likely to have a major impact on US oil supplies or prices. Current US oil imports from Libya are small, and oil is readily available from other sources. Libya could experience a temporary loss of oil revenues until it found new customers. Tight market conditions - unlikely in 1982 - would maximize the potential adverse effects on the United States and minimize those on Libya. US oil companies - both those producing and refining Libyan oil - are more likely to feel the adverse effects of a trade ban than the United States as a whole. Although a ban would probably prevent direct imports of Libyan oil from entering the United States, some Libyan oil could still enter the country as products refined elsewhere.

  17. Conclusion: We described an efficient non-invasive benign Methods: We use fluorescent silica colloidal particles of method to quantify dynamics and to perform mapping of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolov, Igor

    products, we use two base materials: either glycerin or vaseline. A mixture of each Key words: skin care products product with fluorescent particles is applied on human skin. spectroscopy The amount the outside environment. It protects protective oil layer from the skin. This results in the body from

  18. The importance of quality in softwood lumber: a review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oguz, Hakan

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LITERATURE CITED 40 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1: Generic dimensions of product quality TABLE 2: Generic dimensions of service quality TABLE 3: Basic characteristics of services TABLE 4: Potential product-related attributes for softwood lumber TABLE 5... to estimate service value 27 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I: An example of lumber that has wane FIGURE 2: An example of lumber that has knots FIGURE 3: An example of lumber that has stain 12 13 14 FIGURE 4: An example of a lumber pack end-coated 18 FIGURE 5...

  19. Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    #12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

  20. PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) Lian Ding environments and the entire product lifecycle. There are new requirements for product representations, including: platform/application independence, support for the product lifecycle, rapidly sharing information

  1. Learning When to Reject an Importance Sample Jeremy C. Weiss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page Jr., C. David

    or requires a prohibitive number of sam- ples. Our method approximates a multivariate target distri- bution to select interval transitions that agree with evidence. Using g, each evidence point causes a stochastic. Because a sequence weight corresponds to the product of its interval weights, the stochastic downweighting

  2. In This Issue Will China Become a Net Importer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's livestock trade include demand-side forces, supply-side forces, and trade policy. An assess- ment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Indiana Farm Management Tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 New Faculty increased six-fold (Figure 1). Yet production has kept pace with demand, leaving trade to play a relatively

  3. Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newsom, RK; Sivaraman, C; McFarlane, SA

    2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to describe the Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) value-added product (VAP) and the procedures used to derive atmospheric temperature profiles from the raw RL measurements. Sections 2 and 4 describe the input and output variables, respectively. Section 3 discusses the theory behind the measurement and the details of the algorithm, including calibration and overlap correction.

  4. Advanced Gasification By-Product Utilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodney Andrews; Aurora Rubel; Jack Groppo; Ari Geertsema; Frank Huggins; M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer; Brandie M. Markley; Harold Schobert

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the recent passing of new legislation designed to permanently cap and reduce mercury emissions from coal-fired utilities, it is more important than ever to develop and improve upon methods of controlling mercury emissions. One promising technique is carbon sorbent injection into the flue gas of the coal-fired power plant. Currently, this technology is very expensive as costly commercially activated carbons are used as sorbents. There is also a significant lack of understanding of the interaction between mercury vapor and the carbon sorbent, which adds to the difficulty of predicting the amount of sorbent needed for specific plant configurations. Due to its inherent porosity and adsorption properties as well as on-site availability, carbons derived from gasifiers are potential mercury sorbent candidates. Furthermore, because of the increasing restricted use of landfilling, the coal industry is very interested in finding uses for these materials as an alternative to the current disposal practice. The results of laboratory investigations and supporting technical assessments conducted under DOE Subcontract No. DE-FG26-03NT41795 are reported for the period September 1, 2004 to August 31, 2005. This contract is with the University of Kentucky Research Foundation, which supports work with the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research and The Pennsylvania State University Energy Institute. The worked described was part of a project entitled ''Advanced Gasification By-Product Utilization''. This work involves the development of technologies for the separation and characterization of coal gasification slags from operating gasification units, activation of these materials to increase mercury and nitrogen oxide capture efficiency, assessment of these materials as sorbents for mercury and nitrogen oxides, and characterization of these materials for use as polymer fillers.

  5. Active hypothermic growth : a novel means for increasing total recombinant protein production by CHO cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Stephen Richard

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recombinant human glycoproteins produced by Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are an important class of therapeutic molecules and investigating means of improving the production rate and product quality of these glycoproteins ...

  6. An investigation of preferences for product appearance : a case study of residential solar panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao, Qifang

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of the styling and appearance of consumer products is widely understood. This paper evaluates the appearance of a technology-oriented product, the residential solar panel, using a quantitative approach known ...

  7. Pricing and licensing of software products and services : a study on industry trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayak, Shivashis

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The software product business reached the $150 billion mark at the end of 2005. The pricing and licensing of new products, maintenance services, services and service maintenance have become an important strategy to deliver ...

  8. Managing Product Variety and Collocation in a Competitive Environment: An Empirical Investigation of Consumer Electronics Retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Charlotte R.

    Product variety is an important strategic tool that firms can use to attract customers and respond to competition. This study focuses on the retail industry and investigates how stores manage their product variety, contingent ...

  9. Neutrino physics today, important issues and the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The status and the most important issues in neutrino physics will be summarized as well as how the current, pressing questions will be addressed by future experiments. Since the discovery of neutrino flavor transitions by the SuperKamiokande experiment in 1998, which demonstrates that neutrinos change and hence their clocks tick, i.e. they are not traveling at the speed of light and hence are not massless, the field of neutrino physics has made remarkable progress in untangling the nature of the neutrino. However, there are still many important questions to answer.

  10. Second Forum on Energy & Water Sustainability: Increasing Resource Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    Second Forum on Energy & Water Sustainability: Increasing Resource Productivity April 10, 2009 on Energy & Water Sustainability in 2007 successfully brought together policy-makers, researchers, energy of energy and water sustainability, considering the important linkages between these two resources

  11. Microbial production and consumption of marine dissolved organic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Jamie William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marine phytoplankton are the principal producers of oceanic dissolved organic matter (DOM), the organic substrate responsible for secondary production by heterotrophic microbes in the sea. Despite the importance of DOM in ...

  12. Biofuels from Corn Stover: Pyrolytic Production and Catalytic Upgrading Studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capunitan, Jewel Alviar

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to security issues in energy supply and environmental concerns, renewable energy production from biomass becomes an increasingly important area of study. Thus, thermal conversion of biomass via pyrolysis and subsequent upgrading procedures were...

  13. Entanglement Production in Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Vedral

    2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We define and analyse the concept of entanglement production during the evolution of a general quantum mechanical dissipative system. While it is important to minimise entropy production in order to achieve thermodynamical efficiency, maximising the rate of change of entanglement is important in quantum information processing. Quantitative relations are obtained between entropy and entanglement productions, under specific assumptions detailed in the text. We apply these to the processes of dephasing and decay of correlations between two initially entangled qubits. Both the Master equation treatment as well as the higher Hilbert space analysis are presented. Our formalism is very general and contains as special cases many reported individual instance of entanglement dynamics, such as, for example, the recently discovered notion of the sudden death of entanglement.

  14. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization DRAFT REPORT CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN CEMENTITIOUS-MILWAUKEE #12;CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN CEMENTITIOUS PRODUCTS Progress Report by Tarun R. Naik, Rakesh of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Technologies

  15. Increasing productivity: Another approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, F.J.

    1996-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An engineering information (EI) and information technology (IT) organization that must improve its productivity should work to further its business goals. This paper explores a comprehensive model for increasing EI/IT productivity by supporting organizational objectives.

  16. 1 Statistics Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Statistics STATISTICS Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing data. They also explore how those skills can be applied to develop new initiatives. Statistics is one. UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor's program · Bachelor of Science with a major in statistics (http:// bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/statistics

  17. Refractor Importance Sampling Haohai Yu and Robert A. van Engelen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Engelen, Robert A.

    al., 1995] properties that make these meth- ods more attractive compared to exact methods. Stochastic Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) forms another important group of stochastic sampling algorithms. Examples., 1996, MacKay, 1998, Pearl, 1987, Chavez and Cooper, 1990]. Stratified sam- pling [Bouckaert, 1994

  18. Assortative Matching of Exporters and Importers Yoichi Sugita

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    Assortative Matching of Exporters and Importers Yoichi Sugita SSE Kensuke Teshima ITAM Enrique Seira ITAM Preliminary This Version: February 2014 First Version: November 2013 Abstract: This paper, Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México Av. Santa Teresa # 930, México, D. F. 10700 (E-mail: kensuke.teshima@itam

  19. Natural gas imports and exports. Fourth quarter report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the data provided by companies authorized to import or export natural gas. Data includes volume and price for long term and short term, and gas exported to Canada and Mexico on a short term or spot market basis.

  20. Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contractor, Anis

    01-19-09 Brain donation is one of the most important contributions to research. Brain donations 200 brain tissue samples to researchers. Some of the major findings that came about through utilization of this precious gift include: In 2006, Todd Preuss and his team showed that certain brain