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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Screening masses in thermal and dense medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Screening masses of different hadronic states are studied in thermal and dense medium on lattice. It has been found that screening masses increase with the temperature. In deconfinement phase, chemical potential enhances the screening masses. We use the normalization with respect to lowest Matsubara frequency to characterize dissolving of hadronic bound states at high temperatures. It has been found that different hadronic states have different dissolving temperatures and their survivals are considerably improved at finite chemical potentials.

A. Tawfik

2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

2

DENSE MEDIA CYCLONE OPTIMIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The test data obtained from the Baseline Assessment that compares the performance of the density traces to that of different sizes of coal particles is now complete. The experimental results show that the tracer data can indeed be used to accurately predict HMC performance. The following conclusions were drawn: (i) the tracer curve is slightly sharper than curve for coarsest size fraction of coal (probably due to the greater resolution of the tracer technique), (ii) the Ep increases with decreasing coal particle size, and (iii) the Ep values are not excessively large for the well-maintained HMC circuits. The major problems discovered were associated with improper apex-to-vortex finder ratios and particle hang-up due to media segregation. Only one plant yielded test data that were typical of a fully optimized level of performance.

Gerald H. Luttrell

2002-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

3

The features of a quantum description of radiation in an optically dense medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to the theory of quantum electromagnetic field in an optically dense medium. Self-consistent equations describing interaction between a quantum field and a quantum dielectric medium are obtained from the first principles, i.e., outside a phenomenological description. Using these equations, we found a transformation (of the Bogoliubov transformation type) that converts the operators of the "vacuum" field into operators of collective perturbations of the field and an ensemble of atoms, that is, photons in the medium. Transformation parameter is the refractive index of the wave mode considered. It is shown that besides the energy of the collective electromagnetic field, the energy of photons in the medium includes the energy of the internal degrees of freedom of the substance and the energy of near-field dipole interaction between atoms in the polarized medium. The concept of negative energy photons is introduced on the basis of self-consistent equations.

Tokman, M D; Vdovin, V V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Alkali Separation in Steam Injected Cyclone Wood Powder Gasifier for Gas Turbine Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cyclone gasification of wood powder at atmospheric pressure has been studied. The cyclone gasifier works as a particle separator as well ... cyclone with air or air/steam as transport medium. The effects of stoch...

C. Fredriksson; B. Kjellström

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Infrasonic precursor of tropical cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense infrasonic emission was observed prior to the birth of a tropical cyclone (Netreba 1991). It is connected apparently with instability of atmospheric layers in cyclone area. There are different mechanisms of this effect. Stratified compressional flow is unstable (Rybak 2002) providing amplification of its potential component. Cooling of air in upward convectionflow makes water vapor supersaturated. This is a nonequilibrium state of fluid where effect of instability can be developed. The equation of infrasonic propagation in such a medium is developed. (Naugolnykh Rybak 2006). Solutions of instabilityequation indicates the effect of radiation instability which produces infrasonic wave generation and its nonlinear evolution. Corresponding analyses of this equation make it possible to clarify the principally important aspects of cycloneinfrasonic precursors. [Work supported by ESP.NR.NRCLG982524.

Konstantin A. Naugolnykh; Samuil A. Rybak

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Dynamical Evolution, Hadronization and Angular De-correlation of Heavy Flavor in a Hot and Dense QCD Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study heavy flavor evolution and hadronization in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The in-medium evolution of heavy quarks is described using our modified Langevin framework that incorporates both collisional and radiative energy loss mechanisms. The subsequent hadronization process for heavy quarks is calculated with a fragmentation plus recombination model. We find significant contribution from gluon radiation to heavy quark energy loss at high $p_T$; the recombination mechanism can greatly enhance D meson production at medium $p_T$. Our calculation provides a good description of D meson nuclear modification at the LHC. In addition, we explore the angular correlation functions of heavy flavor pairs which may provide us a potential candidate for distinguishing different energy loss mechanisms of heavy quarks inside QGP.

Shanshan Cao; Guang-You Qin; Steffen A Bass

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

7

Cyclone Center Using Crowdsourcing to Determine Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyclone Center Using Crowdsourcing to Determine Tropical Cyclone Intensity Almost all tropical cyclones are not directly observed. Agency estimates of storm position and intensity are not homogeneous in time and space. Cyclone Center uses crowdsourcing to collect data that will lead to a consistent

Hennon, Christopher C.

8

Evaluation of the Performance of Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed (ADMFB) for Low-Ash Coal Beneficiation. Part 2: Characteristics of the Beneficiated Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaluation of the Performance of Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed (ADMFB) for Low-Ash Coal Beneficiation. ... The slagging and fouling decrease the efficiency of heat-exchange surfaces in conventional coal-firing furnaces, while in slagging gasifiers, where ash is intentionally converted into liquid slag (better operation, control particulate matter emission, and trap trace elements and heavy metals in a unleachable glass phase), to achieve free flux toward the bottom of the gasifier (tapping system), the higher slagging propensity and lower viscosity at the operating temperature are required. ... These samples include two clean coal products, which exhibited minimum ash content (B and C), two tests that offered maximum organic material recovery (D and E) from the middle particle size fraction, and two tests with fine and coarse particle sizes (A and F, respectively). ...

Ebrahim Azimi; Shayan Karimipour; Moshfiqur Rahman; Jozef Szymanski; Rajender Gupta

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

9

AN EXPLANATION FOR THE DIFFERENT X-RAY TO OPTICAL COLUMN DENSITIES IN THE ENVIRONMENTS OF GAMMA RAY BURSTS: A PROGENITOR EMBEDDED IN A DENSE MEDIUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the {approx}> 10 ratios in the X-ray to optical column densities inferred from afterglow spectra of gamma ray bursts (GRBs) due to gas surrounding their progenitors. We present time-evolving photoionization calculations for these afterglows and explore different conditions of their environment. We find that homogenous models of the environment (constant density) predict X-ray columns similar to those found in the optical spectra, with the bulk of the opacity being produced by neutral material at large distances from the burst. This result is independent of gas density or metallicity. Only models assuming a progenitor immersed in a dense ({approx}10{sup 2-4} cm{sup -3}) cloud of gas (with radius {approx}10 pc), with a strong, declining gradient of density for the surrounding interstellar medium (ISM) are able to account for the large X-ray to optical column density ratios. However, to avoid an unphysical correlation between the size of this cloud and the size of the ionization front produced by the GRB, the models also require that the circumburst medium is already ionized prior to the burst. The inferred cloud masses are {approx}< 10{sup 6} M{sub Sun }, even if low metallicities in the medium are assumed (Z {approx} 0.1 Z{sub Sun }). These cloud properties are consistent with those found in giant molecular clouds and our results support a scenario in which the progenitors reside within intense star formation regions of galaxies. Finally, we show that modeling over large samples of GRB afterglows may offer strong constraints on the range of properties in these clouds, and the host galaxy ISM.

Krongold, Yair [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-264, 04510 Mexico DF (Mexico); Prochaska, J. Xavier, E-mail: xavier@ucolick.org [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

10

Compact cyclone filter train for radiological and hazardous environments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact cyclone filter train for the removal of hazardous and radiologi particles from a gaseous fluid medium which permits a small cyclone separator to be used in a very small space envelope due to the arrangement of the filter housing adjacent to the separator with the cyclone separator and the filters mounted on a plate. The entire unit will have a hoist connection at the center of gravity so that the entire unit including the separator, the filters, and the base can be lifted and repositioned as desired.

Bench, Thomas R. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Compact cyclone filter train for radiological and hazardous environments  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact cyclone filter train is disclosed for the removal of hazardous and radiological particles from a gaseous fluid medium. This filter train permits a small cyclone separator to be used in a very small space envelope due to the arrangement of the filter housing adjacent to the separator with the cyclone separator and the filters mounted on a plate. The entire unit will have a hoist connection at the center of gravity so that the entire unit including the separator, the filters, and the base can be lifted and repositioned as desired. 3 figs.

Bench, T.R.

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

CAPE in Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999) found that lightning flash frequency was proportionallightning distribution in tropical cyclones. The ratio of downshear to upshear flasheslightning from 100-300 km radii found by Corbosiero and Molinari (2003), with larger CAPE associated with greater flash

Molinari, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Tropical Cyclone Eye Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In intense tropical cyclones, sea level pressures at the center are 50–100 hPa lower than outside the vortex, but only 10–30 hPa of the total pressure fall occurs inside the eye between the eyewall and the center. Warming by dry subsidence ...

H. E. Willoughby

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Diagnosing Forecast Errors in Tropical Cyclone Motion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports on the development of a diagnostic approach that can be used to examine the sources of numerical model forecast error that contribute to degraded tropical cyclone (TC) motion forecasts. Tropical cyclone motion forecasts depend ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Christopher A. Davis

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Cyclone Power Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cyclone Power Technologies Inc Cyclone Power Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Cyclone Power Technologies Inc Place Pompano Beach, Florida Zip 33064 Product Florida-based research and development company. The Company holds exclusive commercial rights to the Schoell Cycle Engine, an external combustion, heat-regenerative engine capable of running on any fuel source. References Cyclone Power Technologies Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cyclone Power Technologies Inc is a company located in Pompano Beach, Florida . References ↑ "Cyclone Power Technologies Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cyclone_Power_Technologies_Inc&oldid=344013

16

Cyclone shelters and cyclone resilient design in coastal areas of Bangladesh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bangladesh is one of those countries that are most vulnerable to tropical cyclones. In recent decades, cyclone mitigations by the Government of Bangladesh and international organizations have greatly increased the coastal ...

Jia, Zheng, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Dynamics and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to pinpoint sources of error in forecasts of tropical cyclone formation and intensification. Despite significant differences in methodology, storm environment and development, it is found in both situations that high convective instability (CAPE) and mid...

Sippel, Jason A.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

On Cyclonic Tracks over the Eastern Mediterranean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, an updated and extended climatology of cyclonic tracks affecting the eastern Mediterranean region is presented, in order to better understand the Mediterranean climate and its changes. This climatology includes intermonthly ...

Helena A. Flocas; Ian Simmonds; John Kouroutzoglou; Kevin Keay; Maria Hatzaki; Vicky Bricolas; Demosthenes Asimakopoulos

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A study of bioaerosol sampling cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF BIOAEROSOL SAMPLING CYCLONES A Thesis by BRANDON WAYNE MONCLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A STUDY OF BIOAEROSOL SAMPLING CYCLONES A Thesis by BRANDON WAYNE MONCLA Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Moncla, Brandon Wayne

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

20

Real-Time Track Prediction of Tropical Cyclones over the North Indian Ocean Using the ARW Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Track Prediction of Tropical Cyclones over the North Indian Ocean Using the ARW Model of Technology Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India A. ROUTRAY National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida The performance of the Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (ARW) model in real

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Parameter for Forecasting Tornadoes Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors develop a statistical guidance product, the tropical cyclone tornado parameter (TCTP), for forecasting the probability of one or more tornadoes during a 6-h period that are associated with landfalling tropical cyclones affecting the ...

Matthew J. Onderlinde; Henry E. Fuelberg

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Using wind power to prevent tropical cyclone development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A rough model of a tropical cyclone in the form of a spatial autooscillatory system of the spiral type is proposed. Based on this model, the kinetic energy of a cyclone is estimated and a method of preventing ...

V. I. Kaganov

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

An improved wetted-wall bioaerosol sampling cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

line and The presence of a liquid recirculation ring at the skimmer location (Figure 5). EDM Inlet Air Water Compressed Air Air 5 Figure 3. Experimental set-up of White-type cyclone. Figure 4. Water bypass on the White... the skimmer Corroded Area 8 and the cyclone body and resulted in an increased response time and a high probability of water bypass. This problem was solved by machining a cyclone body with no divergent section. This new cyclone body was a...

Phull, Manpreet Singh

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Parametric modeling of transitioning cyclone’s wind fields for risk assessment studies in the western North Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Probabilistic risk assessment systems for tropical cyclone hazard rely on large ensembles of model simulations to characterize cyclones tracks, intensities and the extent of the associated damaging winds. Given computational costs the wind field ...

T. Loridan; S. Khare; E. Scherer; M. Dixon; E. Bellone

25

Formal Type Soundness for Cyclone's Region System Dan Grossman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management of Cyclone and its static typing discipline. The design incorporates several advance- mentsFormal Type Soundness for Cyclone's Region System Dan Grossman Greg Morrisett Trevor Jim Mike Hicks Yanling Wang James Cheney November 2001 Abstract Cyclone is a polymorphic, type-safe programming language

Hicks, Michael

26

The design of a pre-collector for cyclone collectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tests were conducted on small laboratory scale ID-3D and 2D-2D cyclones to demonstrate the reduction in emission concentrations resulting when a pre-cyclone collector is used to collect large trash particles prior to cyclone fine dust collection...

Mihalski, Karl Duane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ris0-R-833(EN) Cyclone Gasifier for Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ris0-R-833(EN) Cyclone Gasifier for Biomass Preliminary Investigations Poul Astrup Ris0 National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark July 1995 #12;#12;Cyclone Gasifier for Biomass Ris0-R-833(EN) Preliminary at the design of a 20 MW as fired slagging cyclone gasifier for biomass, it has been investigated how biomass

28

Design of wetted wall bioaerosol concentration cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................................... 24 Aerosol-to-aerosol collection efficiency.................................................... 24 Wetting pattern on the impacting wall ? effect of an atomizer.................. 24..................................................................................... 67 Figure 3.4. Cold temperature experiemental setup ........................................................... 68 Figure 3.5. Preliminary heating system for the 1250 L/min cyclone and thermo-couple locations...

Seo, Youngjin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

29

Validating Atmospheric Reanalysis Data Using Tropical Cyclones as Thermometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Capsule: Tropical cyclones are used as traveling thermometers to globally sample upper-tropospheric temperatures and help mitigate uncertainties due to discrepancies among different reanalysis data products.

James P. Kossin

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced cyclone processes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

dissipation. In this process, a welldeveloped tropical cyclone converts ocean heat energy... cyclones, as well as the physical processes behind their development. However, much...

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlantic tropical cyclones Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

between Atlantic tropical cyclone power... dif- ferent inferences about late-twenty-first-century Atlantic tropical cyclone activity9 , ranging... Atlantic tropical ... Source:...

32

Influence from fuel type on the performance of an air-blown cyclone gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Entrained flow gasification of biomass using the cyclone principle has been proposed in combination with a gas engine as a method for combined heat and power production in small to medium scale (gasifier also has the potential to operate using ash rich fuels since the reactor temperature is lower than the ash melting temperature and the ash can be separated after being collected at the bottom of the cyclone. The purpose of this work was to assess the fuel flexibility of cyclone gasification by performing tests with five different types of fuels; torrefied spruce, peat, rice husk, bark and wood. All of the fuels were dried to below 15% moisture content and milled to a powder with a maximum particle size of around 1 mm. The experiments were carried out in a 500 kWth pilot gasifier with a 3-step gas cleaning process consisting of a multi-cyclone for removal of coarse particles, a bio-scrubber for tar removal and a wet electrostatic precipitator for removal of fine particles and droplets from the oil scrubber (aerosols). The lower heating value (LHV) of the clean producer gas was 4.09, 4.54, 4.84 and 4.57 MJ/Nm3 for peat, rice husk, bark and wood, respectively, at a fuel load of 400 kW and an equivalence ratio of 0.27. Torrefied fuel was gasified at an equivalence ratio of 0.2 which resulted in a LHV of 5.75 MJ/Nm3 which can be compared to 5.50 MJ/Nm3 for wood powder that was gasified at the same equivalence ratio. A particle sampling system was designed in order to collect ultrafine particles upstream and downstream the gasifier cleaning device. The results revealed that the gas cleaning successfully removed >99.9% of the particulate matter smaller than 1 ?m.

M. Risberg; O.G.W. Öhrman; B.R. Gebart; P.T. Nilsson; A. Gudmundsson; M. Sanati

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Improved water-cooled cyclone constructions in CFBs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The construction of CFB boilers has advanced in comparison with early designs. One improvement has been the use of water or steam cooled cyclones, which allows the use of thin refractories and minimizes maintenance needs. Cooled cyclones are also tolerant of wide load variations when the main fuel is biologically based, and coal or some other fuel is used as a back-up. With uncooled cyclones, load changes with high volatile fuels can mean significant temperature transients in the refractory, due to post-combustion phenomena in the cyclone. Kvaerner's development of water-cooled cyclones for CFBs began in the early 1980s. The first boiler with this design was delivered in 1985 in Sweden. Since then, Kvaerner Pulping has delivered over twenty units with cooled cyclones, in capacity ranging from small units up to 400 MW{sub th}. Among these units, Kvaerner has developed unconventional solutions for CFBs, in order to simplify the constructions and to increase the reliability for different applications. The first of them was CYMIC{reg{underscore}sign}, which has its water-cooled cyclone built inside the boiler furnace. There are two commercial CYMIC boilers in operation and one in project stages. The largest CYMIC in operation is a 185 MW{sub th} industrial boiler burning various fuels. For even larger scale units Kvaerner developed the Integrated Cylindrical Cyclone and Loopseal (ICCL) assembly. One of these installations is in operation in USA, having steaming capacity of over 500 t/h. The design bases of these new solutions are quite different in comparison with conventional cyclones. Therefore, an important part of the development has been cold model testing and mathematical modeling of the cyclones. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in water-cooled cyclone construction. The new solutions, their full-scale experience, and a comparison of the actual experience with the preliminary modeling work are introduced.

Alliston, M.G.; Luomaharju, T.; Kokko, A.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Water Vapor Budget in a Developing Tropical Cyclone and Its Implication for Tropical Cyclone Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evolution of the water vapor budget from the tropical wave stage to the tropical cyclone stage is examined using a high-resolution numerical model simulation. The focus is on a time window from 27 h prior to genesis to 9 h after genesis, and the ...

Cody Fritz; Zhuo Wang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

TROPICAL CYCLONE RESEARCH REPORT TCRR 2: 131 (2013)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circulation (e.g., Marks and Shay 1998). There have been considerable advances in computer technology overTROPICAL CYCLONE RESEARCH REPORT TCRR 2: 1­31 (2013) Meteorological Institute Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich Paradigms for tropical cyclone intensification Michael T. Montgomerya 1 and Roger K

Smith, Roger K.

36

Predicting cyclone emissions with a new computer mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyclone emission tests were conducted on 1 D-3D and 2D-2D cyclones with varied outlet tube sizes and inlet velocities. Talc and wheat dusts were used in testing the laboratory scale models. Data from these tests were used in developing a...

Askew, James Wilson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

Ocean Barrier Layers’ Effect on Tropical Cyclone Intensification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving a tropical cyclone's forecast and mitigating its destructive potential requires knowledge of various environmental factors that influence the cyclone's path and intensity. Herein, using a combination of observations and model simulations, we systematically demonstrate that tropical cyclone intensification is significantly affected by salinity-induced barrier layers, which are 'quasi-permanent' features in the upper tropical oceans. When tropical cyclones pass over regions with barrier layers, the increased stratification and stability within the layer reduce storm-induced vertical mixing and sea surface temperature cooling. This causes an increase in enthalpy flux from the ocean to the atmosphere and, consequently, an intensification of tropical cyclones. On average, the tropical cyclone intensification rate is nearly 50% higher over regions with barrier layers, compared to regions without. Our finding, which underscores the importance of observing not only the upper-ocean thermal structure but also the salinity structure in deep tropical barrier layer regions, may be a key to more skillful predictions of tropical cyclone intensities through improved ocean state estimates and simulations of barrier layer processes. As the hydrological cycle responds to global warming, any associated changes in the barrier layer distribution must be considered in projecting future tropical cyclone activity.

Balaguru, Karthik; Chang, P.; Saravanan, R.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Xu, Zhao; Li, M.; Hsieh, J.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

38

A shrouded probe aerosol sampling cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the air stream. In the present design, three concentric shrouds and a probe will be attached to the entrance of the cyclone. The shroud concept was first used in an aircraft-horne sampling device for collecting tropospheric aerosol particles... by A. R. McFarland and S. A. Batterman. College Station, Texas: 1989. 5. Strauss, W. and S. J. Nainwaring: Air Pollution. London, Baltimore, Maryland: Edward Arnold, 1984. pp. 95-96. 6. Moore, N. E. , and A. R. NcFarland: Stairmand-Type Sampling...

Little, Stewart Craig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

39

Water mass distribution in cyclonic rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER SASS DISTR'-NUT(ON Til Cy'UON I i RL i( S A Thesis NONA M, RTE JANOPAUL Submitted to the Gvsdust CoiieSe of Texas A&N Univetslty Pst'tiel fuifl11meot of the te(N|ltem 1'lt ot the de[ ee of RASTER OP SC1ENCE i)eceml:er 1979 Nv jot Sue... lect: Phy, . ical Ocean Staphy NATRR MASS DTSPRTblJTTON 1N C". CJ. ONTO RTNGS NONA MARIE . TANOPAUL Approved as to style. and content by: (Chairman. of Committee) (Member) I( December 1979 ABS'IRACT Water Mass Distribution in Cyclonic Rings...

Janopaul, Mona Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

A renewed look at eta' in medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the question of whether the U_A(1) symmetry is effectively restored in hot and dense medium. In particular, by generalizing the Witten-Veneziano formula to finite temperature, we investigate whether the mass of eta'-meson will change in medium due to the restoration of chiral symmetry.

Youngshin Kwon; Su Houng Lee; Kenji Morita; Gyuri Wolf

2012-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Observed Rainfall Asymmetry in Tropical Cyclones Making Landfall over China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the rainfall asymmetries in tropical cyclones (TCs) that made landfall in Hainan (HN), Guangdong (GD), Fujian (FJ), Zhejiang (ZJ) Provinces of Mainland China and Taiwan (TW) from 2001 to 2009 were analyzed based on the TRMM ...

Zifeng Yu; Yuqing Wang; Haiming Xu

42

Probabilistic Multiple-Linear Regression Modeling for Tropical Cyclone Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors describe the development and verification of a statistical model relating tropical cyclone intensity to the local large-scale environment. A multiple linear regression framework is used to estimate the expected intensity of a tropical ...

Chia-Ying Lee; Michael K. Tippett; Suzana J. Camargo; Adam H. Sobel

43

On the Seasonal Forecasting of Regional Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclones (TCs) are a hazard to life and property and a prominent element of the global climate system; therefore, understanding and predicting TC location, intensity, and frequency is of both societal and scientific significance. ...

G. A. Vecchi; T. Delworth; R. Gudgel; S. Kapnick; A. Rosati; A. T. Wittenberg; F. Zeng; W. Anderson; V. Balaji; K. Dixon; L. Jia; H.-S. Kim; L. Krishnamurthy; R. Msadek; W. F. Stern; S. D. Underwood; G. Villarini; X. Yang; S. Zhang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Evaluation of Tropical Cyclone Center Identification Methods in Numerical Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identifying the center of a tropical cyclone in a high-resolution model simulation has a number of operational and research applications, including constructing a track, calculating azimuthal means and perturbations, and diagnosing vortex tilt. ...

Leon T. Nguyen; John Molinari; Diana Thomas

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Tropical Cyclone Diurnal Cycle of Mature Hurricanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diurnal cycle of tropical convection and the tropical cyclone (TC) cirrus canopy has been described extensively in previous studies. However, a complete understanding of the TC diurnal cycle remains elusive and is an area of ongoing research. ...

Jason P. Dunion; Christopher D. Thorncroft; Christopher S. Velden

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Life Cycle and Mesoscale Frontal Structure of an Intermountain Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution analyses and MesoWest surface observations are used to examine the life cycle and mesoscale frontal structure of the “Tax Day Storm,” an intermountain cyclone that produced the second lowest sea level pressure observed in Utah ...

Gregory L. West; W. James Steenburgh

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Wind Speed Changes of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Preceding Landfall  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfalling tropical cyclones have been extensively researched, especially their degradation upon coming ashore and the hazardous weather they create along coastlines and farther inland. Many of the factors that weaken storms over land could begin ...

Peter Yaukey

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones and U.S. Flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Riverine flooding associated with North Atlantic tropical cyclones (TCs) is responsible for large societal and economic impacts. The effects of TC flooding are not limited to the coastal regions, but affect large areas away from the coast, and often away ...

Gabriele Villarini; Radoslaw Goska; James A. Smith; Gabriel A. Vecchi

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Dense gas-compatible enzymes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An enzymatic reaction system including a modified enzyme, and a dense gas system; modified enzymes; and methods of reacting modified enzymes in a dense gas system or liquid carbon dioxide.

Kao, Fu-jung (Dracut, MA); Laintz, Kenneth E. (Los Alamos, NM); Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Sivils, L. Dale (Jupiter, FL); Spall, W. Dale (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

50

Evaluation of a Cyclone and Hot Gas Filter System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a Cyclone and a Cyclone and Hot Gas Filter System Description The Wabash River Coal Gasification Plant uses an oxygen-blown E-Gas gasifier technology, owned by ConocoPhillips, which produces fuel gas containing significant amounts of fine particulates. Currently, particulates are cleaned from the fuel gas with metal candle filters. These filters require two costly plant shut-downs per year for cleaning or replacement. During the U.S Department of Energy-supported project

51

Electrical conductivity of dense metal plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The composition of dense metal plasmas is calculated considering higher ionization stages of the atoms. A system of coupled mass action laws is solved self-consistently taking into account medium corrections which lead to pressure ionization at high densities. The electrical conductivity is calculated within linear response theory. The interactions between the various species are treated on T matrix level. The numerical results for the electrical conductivity are in reasonable agreement with new experimental data for nonideal Al and Cu plasmas. Comparison with other theories is performed.

Ronald Redmer

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Improved Tropical Cyclone Flight-Level Wind Estimates Using Routine Infrared Satellite Reconnaissance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new and improved method to estimate the tropical cyclone flight-level winds using globally and routinely available tropical cyclone (TC) information and infrared (IR) satellite imagery is presented. The developmental data set is comprised of ...

John A. Knaff; Scott P. Longmore; Robert T. DeMaria; Debra A. Molenar

53

Why do model tropical cyclones intensify more rapidly at low latitudes?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the problem of why model tropical cyclones intensify more rapidly at low latitudes. Our answer to this question touches on practically all facets of the dynamics and thermodynamics of tropical cyclones. The answer invokes the ...

Roger K. Smith; Gerard Kilroy; Michael T. Montgomery

54

Distinguishing the Cold Conveyor Belt and Sting Jet Airstreams in an Intense Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Strong winds equatorward and rearward of a cyclone core have often been associated with two phenomena: the cold conveyor belt (CCB) jet and sting jets. Here, detailed observations of the mesoscale structure in this region of an intense cyclone are ...

Oscar Martínez-Alvarado; Laura H. Baker; Suzanne L. Gray; John Methven; Robert S. Plant

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Geometrical Optics of Dense Aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assembling a free-standing, sharp-edged slab of homogeneous material that is much denser than gas, but much more rare ed than a solid, is an outstanding technological challenge. The solution may lie in focusing a dense aerosol to assume this geometry. However, whereas the geometrical optics of dilute aerosols is a well-developed fi eld, the dense aerosol limit is mostly unexplored. Yet controlling the geometrical optics of dense aerosols is necessary in preparing such a material slab. Focusing dense aerosols is shown here to be possible, but the nite particle density reduces the eff ective Stokes number of the flow, a critical result for controlled focusing. __________________________________________________

Hay, Michael J.; Valeo, Ernest J.; Fisch, Nathaniel J.

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

56

On African easterly waves that impacted two tropical cyclones in 2004 Melinda S. Peng,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On African easterly waves that impacted two tropical cyclones in 2004 Melinda S. Peng,1 Bing Fu,2 cyclones. Danielle and Earl (2004) formed approximately at the same time in the Atlantic. A three to eight of the African easterly waves related to the two cyclones. The time-filtered 850 mb vorticity shows that African

Li, Tim

57

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location MinHo Kwon,1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location Tim Li,1 MinHo Kwon,1,3 Ming Zhao,3 Jong) is used to investigate the change of tropical cyclone frequency in the North Pacific under global warming, and W. Yu (2010), Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L

Li, Tim

58

Validating Atmospheric Reanalysis Data Using Tropical Cyclones as Thermometers James P. Kossin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Validating Atmospheric Reanalysis Data Using Tropical Cyclones as Thermometers James P. Kossin tropical cyclones as thermometers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00180, in press. Capsule Tropical cyclones are used as traveling thermometers to globally sample upper-tropospheric temperatures

Kossin, James P.

59

A new engineering approach to cyclone design for cotton gins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concentration for an application of this cyclone design would be the inlet loading rate and PSD of the PM being captured. Having more accurate FEC's This thesis follows the style of the journal Transactions of the ASAE, for the 1D3D, 2D2D, 1D2D and Barrel... concentration for an application of this cyclone design would be the inlet loading rate and PSD of the PM being captured. Having more accurate FEC's This thesis follows the style of the journal Transactions of the ASAE, for the 1D3D, 2D2D, 1D2D and Barrel...

Wang, Lingjuan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

60

NETL: Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Control Technology - ALTA for Cyclone  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Full-Scale Demonstration of ALTA NOx Control for Cyclone-Fired Boilers Full-Scale Demonstration of ALTA NOx Control for Cyclone-Fired Boilers The primary goal of this project was to evaluate a technology called advanced layered technology application (ALTA) as a means to achieve NOx emissions below 0.15 lb/MMBtu in a cyclone boiler. Reaction Engineering International (REI) conducted field testing and combustion modeling to refine the process design, define the optimum technology parameters, and assess system performance. The ALTA NOx control technology combines deep staging from overfire air, rich reagent injection (RRI), and selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR). Field testing was conducted during May-June 2005 at AmerenUE's Sioux Station Unit 1, a 500 MW cyclone boiler unit that typically burns an 80/20 blend of Powder River Basin subbituminous coal and Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal. Parametric testing was also conducted with 60/40 and 0/100 blends. The testing also evaluated process impacts on balance-of-plant issues such as the amount of unburned carbon in the ash, slag tapping, waterwall corrosion, ammonia slip, and heat distribution.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Investigation of the Instability Ingredient in Midlatitude Cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of instability throughout the life cycle of a mid­latitude cyclone is presented, including a diagnosis instability in a winter precipitation event. An analysis of the mechanisms respon­ sible for the evolution is the gas constant for dry air, ~ V g is the geostrophic wind ( ~ V g = 1 f â?? k \\Theta r p OE), and ¸ g

Martin, Jonathan E.

62

Cyclone reactor with internal separation and axial recirculation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cyclone combustor apparatus contains a circular partition plate containing a central circular aperture. The partition plate divides the apparatus into a cylindrical precombustor chamber and a combustor chamber. A coal-water slurry is passed axially into the inlet end of the precombustor chamber, and primary air is passed tangentially into said chamber to establish a cyclonic air flow. Combustion products pass through the partition plate aperture and into the combustor chamber. Secondary air may also be passed tangentially into the combustor chamber adjacent the partition plate to maintain the cyclonic flow. Flue gas is passed axially out of the combustor chamber at the outlet end and ash is withdrawn tangentially from the combuston chamber at the outlet end. A first mixture of flue gas and ash may be tangentially withdrawn from the combustor chamber at the outlet end and recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber with the coal-water slurry. A second mixture of flue gas and ash may be tangentially withdrawn from the outlet end of the combustor chamber and passed to a heat exchanger for cooling. Cooled second mixture is then recirculated to the axial inlet of the precombustor chamber. In another embodiment a single cyclone combustor chamber is provided with both the recirculation streams of the first mixture and the second mixture.

Becker, Frederick E. (Reading, MA); Smolensky, Leo A. (Concord, MA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A QuikSCAT climatology of tropical cyclone size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QuikSCAT data of near-surface wind vectors for the years 1999–2008 are used to create a climatology of tropical cyclone (TC) size, defined as the radius of vanishing winds. The azimuthally-averaged radius of 12 ms?1 [ms ...

Chavas, Daniel Robert

64

Gasification of rice husk in a cyclone gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of air gasification of rice husk in the cyclone gasifier were presented at the fuel rate of...3 to 3.11 MJ/Nm3 and the cold gas efficiency decreases from 64% to 31%. However, the tar cont...

Shaozeng Sun; Yijun Zhao; Fengming Su; Feng Ling

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Future economic damage from tropical cyclones: sensitivities to societal and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in support of advocacy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For instance, in his movie An inconvenient truth related to tropical cyclones than efforts to modulate the behaviour of storms through greenhouse gas emissions reduction policies, typically called climate mitigation and achieved through energy policies

Colorado at Boulder, University of

66

Solids flow rate measurement in dense slurries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and rapid flow rate measurement of solids in dense slurries remains an unsolved technical problem, with important industrial applications in chemical processing plants and long-distance solids conveyance. In a hostile two-phase medium, such a measurement calls for two independent parameter determinations, both by non-intrusive means. Typically, dense slurries tend to flow in laminar, non-Newtonian mode, eliminating most conventional means that usually rely on calibration (which becomes more difficult and costly for high pressure and temperature media). These issues are reviewed, and specific solutions are recommended in this report. Detailed calculations that lead to improved measuring device designs are presented for both bulk density and average velocity measurements. Cross-correlation, chosen here for the latter task, has long been too inaccurate for practical applications. The cause and the cure of this deficiency are discussed using theory-supported modeling. Fluid Mechanics are used to develop the velocity profiles of laminar non-Newtonian flow in a rectangular duct. This geometry uniquely allows the design of highly accurate `capacitive` devices and also lends itself to gamma transmission densitometry on an absolute basis. An absolute readout, though of less accuracy, is also available from a capacitive densitometer and a pair of capacitive sensors yields signals suitable for cross-correlation velocity measurement.

Porges, K.G.; Doss, E.D.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Cyclone oil shale retorting concept. [Use it all retorting process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for above-ground retorting of oil shale was disclosed by A.E. Harak in US Patent No. 4,340,463, dated July 20, 1982, and assigned to the US Department of Energy. This patent titled System for Utilizing Oil Shale Fines, describes a process wherein oil shale fines of one-half inch diameter and less are pyrolyzed in an entrained-flow reactor using hot gas from a cyclone combustor. Spent shale and supplemental fuel are burned at slagging conditions in this combustor. Because of fines utilization, the designation Use It All Retorting Process (UIARP) has been adopted. A preliminary process engineering design of the UIARP, analytical tests on six samples of raw oil shale, and a preliminary technical and economic evaluation of the process were performed. The results of these investigations are summarized in this report. The patent description is included. It was concluded that such changes as deleting air preheating in the slag quench and replacing the condenser with a quench-oil scrubber are recognized as being essential. The addition of an entrained flow raw shale preheater ahead of the cyclone retort is probably required, but final acceptance is felt to be contingent on some verification that adequate reaction time cannot be obtained with only the cyclone, or possibly some other twin-cyclone configuration. Sufficient raw shale preheating could probably be done more simply in another manner, perhaps in a screw conveyor shale transporting system. Results of the technical and economic evaluations of Jacobs Engineering indicate that further investigation of the UIARP is definitely worthwhile. The projected capital and operating costs are competitive with costs of other processes as long as electric power generation and sales are part of the processing facility.

Harak, A.E.; Little, W.E.; Faulders, C.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Cyclone analysis for the abatement of grain sorghum emmissions in granaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RE FE RENCE S APPENDIX Appendix A Appendix B Q4, Q4, 4, 7 58 62 62 77 77 85 IO4. 118 120 123 125 128 129 130 VITA TABIE OF CONTENTS (continued) Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E Appendix F Page 132 134 135 138 14O LIST... OF TABLE 4 CYCLONE SAMPLING ROUTINE 1D-1D CYCLONE--AVERAGE DUST PROPERTIES OF UPSTIKAM AND DOWNSTREAM ISOKINETIC SAMPLES 1D-2D CYCLONE--AVERAGE DUST PROPERTIES OF UPSTREAM AND DOWNSTREAM ISOKINETIC SAMPLES 2D-2D CYCLONE--AVERAGE DUST PROPERTIES...

Avant, Robert V

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Relationships between global warming and tropical cyclone activity in the Western North Pacific .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this work, we investigate the relationships between global warming and tropical cyclone activity in the Western North Pacific (WNP). Our hypothesis is that global… (more)

Meyer, David W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Phi Meson in Dense Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of the kaon loop correction to the property of a phi meson in dense matter is studied in the vector dominance model. Using the density-dependent kaon effective mass determined from the linear chiral perturbation theory, we find...

Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.; Li, C. T.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Testing the Performance of Tropical Cyclone Genesis Indices in Future Climates Using the HiRAM Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone genesis indices (TCGIs) are functions of the large-scale environment that are designed to be proxies for the probability of tropical cyclone (TC) genesis. While the performance of TCGIs in the current climate can be assessed by ...

Suzana J. Camargo; Michael K. Tippett; Adam H. Sobel; Gabriel A. Vecchi; Ming Zhao

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Study of Gas Solid Flow Characteristics in Cyclone Inlet Ducts of A300Mwe CFB Boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas solid flow characteristics in cyclone’s inlet duct of a 300MW CFB boiler were studied in a cold circulating fluidized bed (CFB) experimental setup according to a 410t/h CFB boiler with a scale of 10?1....Figs...

J. Y. Tang; X. F. Lu; J. Lai; H. Z. Liu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

SCALAR WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION TROPICAL CYCLONE RETRIEVALS FOR CONICAL SCANNING SCATTEROMETERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCALAR WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION TROPICAL CYCLONE RETRIEVALS FOR CONICAL SCANNING SCATTEROMETERS--Scatterometer measurements of ocean vector winds (OVW) are significantly degraded in the presence of the precipitation, especially in tropical cyclones. This paper presents a new ocean hurricane/typhoon wind vector retrieval

Hennon, Christopher C.

74

Analog Ensemble Forecasts of Tropical Cyclone Tracks in the Australian Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone tracks in the Australian basin are predicted by an analog ensemble forecast model. It is self-adapting in its search of optimal ensemble members from historic cyclone tracks by creating a metric that minimizes the error of the ...

Klaus Fraedrich; Christoph C. Raible; Frank Sielmann

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa and cyclonic eddies of subtropical origin in the subantarctic zone south of Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C into the Southern Ocean. The oceanic domain south of South Africa, where the Agulhas Current system abuts

Boyer, Edmond

76

The Roles of an Expanding Wind Field and Inertial Stability in Tropical Cyclone Secondary Eyewall Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that is configured as a balanced vortex model. Given the symmetric tangential wind and temperature structure from WRFThe Roles of an Expanding Wind Field and Inertial Stability in Tropical Cyclone Secondary Eyewall and Forecasting Model (WRF) is used to simulate secondary eyewall formation (SEF) in a tropical cyclone (TC

Kossin, James P.

77

Power Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy Power Outages Update: Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy October 29, 2012 - 9:37pm Addthis Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs As of 8:00 pm EDT on October 29, there were more than 3.6 million customers without power in the affected states. The Energy Department is continuing to monitor the progress of the storm throughout the night and will publish

78

RSS Feeds for Specific Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic, Caribbean  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RSS Feeds for Specific Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic, Caribbean RSS Feeds for Specific Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico (English) Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data RSS Feeds for Specific Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico (English) Dataset Summary Description The National Weather Service (NWS) National Hurricane Center uses regularly updated RSS feeds to disseminate North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexcio tropical cyclone and marine forecasts. Tags {hurricanes,"tropical cyclones",warning,watch," forecast",discussion,outlooks,"",marine,temperature," Atlantic","Caribbean Sea","Gulf of Mexico. "}

79

Dense Bottom Currents in Rotating Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dense bottom current is the flow created by a source of mass, momentum, and buoyancy flowing into an ambient fluid in such a way that the flow is bounded by the fixed wall and the interface. The dense bottom...

Flemming Bo Pedersen

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Hot and Dense QCD Matter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QCD Matter QCD Matter A Community White Paper on the Future of Relativistic Heavy-Ion Physics in the US Unraveling the Mysteries of the Strongly Interacting Quark-Gluon-Plasma Executive Summary This document presents the response of the US relativistic heavy-ion community to the request for comments by the NSAC Subcommittee, chaired by Robert Tribble, that is tasked to recommend optimizations to the US Nuclear Science Program over the next five years. The study of the properties of hot and dense QCD matter is one of the four main areas of nuclear physics research described in the 2007 NSAC Long Range Plan. The US nuclear physics community plays a leading role in this research area and has been instrumental in its most important discovery made over the past decade, namely that hot and dense QCD matter acts as a strongly interacting system with unique and previously unexpected

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Suprathermal viscosity of dense matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by the existence of unstable modes of compact stars that eventually grow large, we study the bulk viscosity of dense matter, taking into account non-linear effects arising in the large amplitude regime, where the deviation {mu}{sub {Delta}} of the chemical potentials from chemical equilibrium fulfills {mu}{sub {Delta}} > or approx. T. We find that this supra-thermal bulk viscosity can provide a potential mechanism for saturating unstable modes in compact stars since the viscosity is strongly enhanced. Our study confirms previous results on strange quark matter and shows that the suprathermal enhancement is even stronger in the case of hadronic matter. We also comment on the competition of different weak channels and the presence of suprathermal effects in various color superconducting phases of dense quark matter.

Alford, Mark; Mahmoodifar, Simin; Schwenzer, Kai [Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, 63130 (United States)

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

82

Dense, finely, grained composite materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Dense, finely grained composite materials comprising one or more ceramic phase or phase and one or more metallic and/or intermetallic phase or phases are produced by combustion synthesis. Spherical ceramic grains are homogeneously dispersed within the matrix. Methods are provided, which include the step of applying mechanical pressure during or immediately after ignition, by which the microstructures in the resulting composites can be controllably selected.

Dunmead, Stephen D. (Davis, CA); Holt, Joseph B. (San Jose, CA); Kingman, Donald D. (Danville, CA); Munir, Zuhair A. (Davis, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Light nuclei quasiparticle energy shift in hot and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclei in dense matter are influenced by the medium. In the cluster mean field approximation, an effective Schr\\"odinger equation for the $A$-particle cluster is obtained accounting for the effects of the correlated medium such as self-energy, Pauli blocking and Bose enhancement. Similar to the single-baryon states (free neutrons and protons), the light elements ($2 \\le A \\le 4$, internal quantum state $\

G. Röpke

2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

84

Cylinder cyclone (LARCODEMS) density media separation of plastic wastes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cylindrical cyclone media separators using a suspended calcite separation media simulating industrial scale operations are demonstrated to effectively separate a wide variety of forms and a greater range of particle sizes of plastics by density than presently recycled. Purities of plastic products and recoveries obtained from mixed plastic wastes are comparable to those reported for established separations. Products of ?100% purity with recoveries of >99% were obtained for high density fractions and >98% purities and recoveries for the low density fractions. Cyclonic centrifugal forces and/or the fine particle size of the separation media appear to minimize hydroscopic and particle shape effects. A mathematical model is proposed for defining plastic waste feed rates and treatable particle size ranges for the LARCODEMS media separator. Waste plastic separations yielded Ecart probable (Ep) values ?0.024 for a water only separation media. The Ep for 1.1 g cm?3 separation medias was <0.032 with minimal to no variation in values for 1–8 mm particle sizes. Variation in the quality of separations is shown to be minimal with <72 ?m, <45 ?m and <2 ?m media particle sizes. Media density offset created varied according to particle size.

Malcolm Richard Gent; Mario Menendez; Javier Toraño; Diego Isidro; Susana Torno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Lattice Dynamics of Dense Lithium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report low-frequency high-resolution Raman spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations on dense lithium from 40 to 200 GPa at low temperatures. Our experimental results reveal rich first-order Raman activity in the metallic and semiconducting phases of lithium. The computed Raman frequencies are in excellent agreement with the measurements. Free energy calculations provide a quantitative description and physical explanation of the experimental phase diagram only when vibrational effect are correctly treated. The study underlines the importance of zero-point energy in determining the phase stability of compressed lithium.

F. A. Gorelli; S. F. Elatresh; C. L. Guillaume; M. Marqués; G. J. Ackland; M. Santoro; S. A. Bonev; E. Gregoryanz

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

86

Can the vertical motions in the eyewall of tropical cyclones support persistent UAV flight?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Powered flights in the form of manned or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been flying into tropical cyclones to obtain vital atmospheric measurements with flight duration typically lasting between 12 and 36 hours. Convective vertical motion properties of tropical cyclones have previously been studied. This work investigates the possibility to achieve persistent flight by harnessing the generally pervasive updrafts in the eyewall of tropical cyclones. A sailplane UAV capable of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) is proposed and its flight characteristics simulated. Results suggest that the concept of persistent flight within the eyewall is promising and may be extendable to the rainband regions.

Poh, Chung-Kiak

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Statistical Prediction of Integrated Kinetic Energy in North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Integrated kinetic energy (IKE) is a useful quantity that measures the size and strength of a tropical cyclone wind field. As a result, it is inherently related to the destructive potential of these powerful storms. In most current operational ...

Michael E. Kozar; Vasubandhu Misra

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Improvements to a Tropical Cyclone Initialization Scheme and Impacts on Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study makes improvements to the tropical cyclone (TC) initialization method introduced by Nguyen and Chen (i.e., the NC2011 scheme). The authors found that prescribing sea level pressure associated with the initial vortex using a modified ...

Hiep Van Nguyen; Yi-Leng Chen

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Changes in U.S. East Coast cyclone dynamics with climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous studies investigating the impacts of climate change on extratropical cyclones have primarily focused on changes in the frequency, intensity and distribution of these events. Fewer studies have directly investigated changes in the storm-...

Christopher G. Marciano; Gary M. Lackmann; Walter A. Robinson

90

Tracking Scheme Dependence of Simulated Tropical Cyclone Response to Idealized Climate Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Future tropical cyclone activity is a topic of great scientific and societal interest. In the absence of a climate theory of tropical cyclogenesis, general circulation models are the primary tool available for investigating the issue. However, the ...

Michael Horn; Kevin Walsh; Ming Zhao; Suzana J. Camargo; Enrico Scoccimarro; Hiroyuki Murakami; Hui Wang; Andrew Ballinger; Arun Kumar; Daniel A. Shaevitz; Jeffrey A. Jonas; Kazuyoshi Oouchi

91

Cyclone Track Forecasting Based on Satellite Images Using Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Some of the more known examples include the Bangladesh cyclone of November 12, 1970 and May 24, 1985 casualties and considerable economic damage in tropical countries. For these reasons substantial resources

Kovordányi, Rita

92

Basic design principles for cyclone-type energy-saving plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach is considered to calculating the hydraulic resistance of a direct-flow cyclone, which allows one to refine the physical essence of the process and to estimate the aerodynamic perfection of the b...

V. P. Prikhod’ko; O. V. Pirogova; E. M. Prokhorov

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Predictions Using Optimized Combinations of ENSO Regions: Application to the Coral Sea Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines combining ENSO sea surface temperature (SST) regions for seasonal prediction of Coral Sea tropical cyclone (TC) frequency. The Coral Sea averages ~4 TCs per season, but is characterized by strong interannual variability, with 1–...

Hamish A. Ramsay; Michael B. Richman; Lance M. Leslie

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Diagnosis of Upper-Level Processes Influencing an Unusually Intense Extratropical Cyclone over Southeast Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On 1 December 1987, an unusual midlatitude cyclone affected much of southeastern Australia. The storm was characterized by unforced rapid deepening to a near record low (locally) mean sea-level pressure, high winds, anomalously cold surface ...

Christopher S. Velden; Graham A. Mills

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Optimizing the efficiency of cylindrical cyclone gas/liquid separators for field applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Problems associated with the use of compact cylindrical cyclone gas/liquid (CCGL) separators can be attributed to two physical phenomena: gas carry-under and liquid carryover (LCO). Inadequate understanding of the complex multiphase hydrodynamic...

Adebare, Adedeji

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclones to Parameterized Convection in the NASA GEOS5 Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sensitivity of tropical cyclones (TCs) to changes in parameterized convection is investigated to improve the simulation of TCs in the North Atlantic. Specifically, the impact of reducing the influence of the Relaxed Arakawa-Schubert (RAS) ...

Young-Kwon Lim; Siegfried D. Schubert; Oreste Reale; Myong-In Lee; Andrea M. Molod; Max J. Suarez

97

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Sea Surface Roughness Parameterization and Its Effect on Tropical Cyclone Structure and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 Yihong Duan National 10, 2009 (Revised) Dateline Revised for Advances in Atmospheric Sciences Corresponding author

Wang, Yuqing

98

Advanced Refractory and Anti-Wearing Technology of Cyclone Separator in CFB Boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The circulating fluidized bed is playing more and more vital role in the electric power field. Cyclone separator as the heart of the circulating fluidized bed combustion boiler, the technology of fire-resistant a...

H. P. Chen; Y. Q. Shen; X. H. Wang…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Combustion Model for a CFB Boiler with Consideration of Post-Combustion in the Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Severe post combustion in the cyclone of CFB boilers could destroy heat absorbing balance among ... rarely considered in the design phase of a CFB boiler. Based on our previous experiment results ... added into a...

S. H. Li; H. R. Yang; H. Zhang; Y. X. Wu…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently developed technique for simulating large [O(10[superscript 4])] numbers of tropical cyclones in climate states described by global gridded data is applied to simulations of historical and future climate states ...

Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - axially-symmetric cyclonic vortex Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> >> 1 1 APRIL 2002 1213W A N G 2002 American Meteorological Society Summary: and wind fields of the vortex Rossby waves are quasi-balanced, with confluent cyclonic (divergent... ,...

102

The tropical cyclone-induced flux of carbon between the ocean and the atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical cyclones are known to cause phytoplankton blooms in regions of the ocean that would otherwise support very little life; it is also known that these storms entrain carbon-rich deep water, which can cause ...

Zimmerman, Neil L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Sensitivity of Tropical Cyclone Feedback on the Intensity of Western Pacific Subtropical High to Microphysics Scheme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Advanced Weather Research Forecast (WRF) model is used to examine the sensitivity of simulated tropical cyclone (TC) track and associated intensity of western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) to microphysical parameterization (MP) scheme. It is ...

Yuan Sun; Zhong Zhong; Wei Lu

104

Temperatures and cyclones strongly associated with economic production in the Caribbean and Central America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...variations in world commodity prices. describes variations...for example, world oil prices are high), then this...associated with surface heating: intense tropical cyclones...correlated with surface heating and that have plausible...

Solomon M. Hsiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Evolution of Mesoscale Precipitation Band Environments within the Comma Head of Northeast U.S. Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the mesoscale forcing and stability evolution of intense precipitation bands in the comma head sector of extratropical cyclones using the 32-km North American Regional Reanalysis, hourly 20-km Rapid Update Cycle analyses, and ...

David R. Novak; Brian A. Colle; Anantha R. Aiyyer

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Major Extratropical Cyclones of the Northwest United States: Historical Review, Climatology, and Synoptic Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The northwest United States is visited frequently by strong midlatitude cyclones that can produce hurricane-force winds and extensive damage. This article reviews these storms, beginning with a survey of the major events of the past century. A ...

Clifford Mass; Brigid Dotson

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Using Mesoscale Simulations to Train Statistical Models of Tropical Cyclone Intensity over Land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of tropical cyclones after landfall is a key factor in estimating the extent of the hazard overland. Yet our current understanding of this decay is challenged by the low frequency of past events. Consequently, one cannot rely solely ...

Augustin Colette; Nadja Leith; Vincent Daniel; Enrica Bellone; David S. Nolan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Composite Analysis of Airstreams within Cold-Season Colorado Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relative wind isentropic analysis was employed to investigate the evolution of airstreams and airstream boundaries within midlatitude cyclones that formed in the Colorado cyclogenesis region of the United States. This study attempts to verify and ...

Gregory D. Bierly; Julie A. Winkler

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Structure and Evolution of a Simulated Midlatitude Cyclone over Land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using output from a mesoscale model simulation, this paper describes the evolution of the three-dimensional temperature and humidity structures of an intense cyclone that developed over the eastern half of the United States during 14–16 December ...

Clifford F. Mass; David M. Schultz

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Interdecadal changes in summertime tropical cyclone precipitation over Southeast China during 1960–2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the changes in tropical cyclone (TC) precipitation and the associated contributing factors over Southeast China during 1960–2009. Climatologically, TC rainfall accounts for approximately 20–40% of the total rainfall over ...

Richard C. Y. Li; Wen Zhou

111

An Evaluation of Tropical Cyclone Genesis Forecasts from Global Numerical Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone (TC) forecasts rely heavily on output from global numerical models. While considerable research has investigated the skill of various models with respect to track and intensity, few studies have considered how well global models ...

Daniel J. Halperin; Henry E. Fuelberg; Robert E. Hart; Joshua H. Cossuth; Philip Sura; Richard J. Pasch

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Tropical cyclones within the sedimentary record : analyzing overwash deposition from event to millennial timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical cyclone activity over the last 5000 years is investigated using overwash sediments from coastal lagoons on the islands of Vieques, Puerto Rico and Koshikijima, Japan. A simple sediment transport model can reproduce ...

Woodruff, Jonathan Dalrymple

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Large Intensity Changes in Tropical Cyclones: A Case Study of Supertyphoon Flo during TCM-90  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A unique dataset, recorded during the rapid intensification and rapid decay of Typhoon Flo, is analyzed to isolate associated environmental conditions and key physical processes. This case occurred during the Tropical Cyclone Motion (TCM-90) ...

David W. Titley; Russell L. Elsberry

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Moisture Origin and Meridional Transport in Atmospheric Rivers and Their Association with Multiple Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During December 2006 many cyclones traveled across the North Atlantic, causing temperature and precipitation in Norway to be well above average. Large excursions of high vertically integrated water vapor, often referred to as atmospheric rivers, ...

Harald Sodemann; Andreas Stohl

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Impact of Best Track Discrepancies on Global Tropical Cyclone Climatologies using IBTrACS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS), the climatology of tropical cyclones is compared between two global best track datasets: 1) the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) subset of IBTrACS (IBTrACS-WMO) ...

Carl J. Schreck III; Kenneth R. Knapp; James P. Kossin

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Quantifying Interagency Differences in Tropical Cyclone Best-Track Wind Speed Estimates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerous agencies around the world perform postseason analysis of tropical cyclone position and intensity, a process described as “best tracking.” However, this process is temporally and spatially inhomogeneous because data availability, ...

Kenneth R. Knapp; Michael C. Kruk

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

An improved wind speed algorithm for “Jason-1” altimeter under tropical cyclone conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rain effect and lack of in situ validation data are two main causes of tropical cyclone wind retrieval errors. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... (NRCS); Hurricane Research Division (HRD) wind speed, which ...

Bangyong Qin; Xuan Zhou; Honglei Zhang; Xiaofeng Yang; Rong Lu…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Probability Distributions and Threshold Selection for Monte Carlo–Type Tropical Cyclone Wind Speed Forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Probabilistic wind speed forecasts for tropical cyclones from Monte Carlo–type simulations are assessed within a theoretical framework for a simple unbiased Gaussian system that is based on feature size and location error that mimic tropical ...

Michael E. Splitt; Steven M. Lazarus; Sarah Collins; Denis N. Botambekov; William P. Roeder

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Geographic Primitive-Based Bayesian Framework to Predict Cyclone-Induced Flooding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effectiveness of managing cyclone-induced floods is highly dependent on how fast reasonably accurate predictions can be made, which is a particularly difficult task given the multitude of highly variable physical factors. Even with ...

Isuri Wijesundera; Malka N. Halgamuge; Thas Nirmalathas; Thrishantha Nanayakkara

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effects of anisotropy on optimal dense coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study optimal dense coding with thermal entangled states of a two-qubit anisotropic \\emph{XXZ} model and a Heisenberg model with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (DM) interactions. The DM interaction is another kind of anisotropic antisymmetric exchange interaction. The effects of these two kinds of anisotropies on dense coding are studied in detail for both the antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic cases. For the two models, we give the conditions that the parameters of the models have to satisfy for a valid dense coding. We also found that even though there is entanglement, it is unavailable for our optimal dense coding, which is the same as entanglement teleportation.

Guo-Feng Zhang

2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Pressure drop in cyclone separators commonly used in the agricultural processing industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of NASTER OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering PRESSURE DROP IN CYCLONE SEPARATORS COMMONLY USED IN THE AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY A Thesis by FRANCISCO ALEJANDRO GUZMAN Approved as to style and content by...: Calvin B. Parnell, Jr. (Chairman of'Committee) Andrew . McFarland / (Member) Otto R. Kunze (Member) William Murphy (Member) Edward Hi er (Head of Department) August 1984 ABSTRACT Pressure Drop 1n Cyclone Separators Commonly Used...

Guzman, Francisco Alejandro

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Cyclone aerosol sampling and particle deposition in tubing elements following elbow bends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Deposition. Influence of an Elbow Bend on Straight Tube Deposition. . . Discussion of Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3l 35 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS. 36 Ambient Air Sampling Aerosol Transport . 36 37 FUTI JRE WORK 38 Ambient Air Sampling... Cunningham's correction factor for a particle reference particle concentration concetration of the sodium fluoroscein collected at the inlet to the system cutpoint diameter aerodynamic equivalent diameter cyclone body diameter cyclone outlet tube...

Wente, William Baker

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Viscosity measurements in dense microemulsions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the results of a measurement of the shear viscosity as a function of the temperature and of the water volume fraction in a three-component sodium di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate-decane-water microemulsion. The explored concentration range is 0???0.73 and the packing fraction of the water-in-oil spherical droplets has been changed in order to obtain a very dense glass-forming liquid. Well-defined maxima in the relative viscosity have been observed at different concentrations and the corresponding temperature values decrease with increasing ?. The data are discussed considering the system as a colloidal one in which aggregation phenomena are present. In such a way, on the basis of a two-fluid model, we can consider two different contributions to the viscosity. One is directly connected to the repulsive interaction potential, while the second one is directly connected to the attractive interaction that contributes indirectly, through the formation of aggregates. The results are compatible with those previously obtained by light-scattering measurements that gives clear evidence of the presence of a large structural order at the glass transition.

D. Majolino; F. Mallamace; S. Venuto; N. Micali

1990-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Berkeley Lab research could help...

125

Hydrated sulphuric acid in dense molecular clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......anthropogenically from combustion of fuels. Oxidized...forms readily in hydrocarbon combustion where sulphur is...dense clouds. From heat of vaporization...3 Observational Data Absorption spectra...peak absorption data in mum (cm1) for......

Flavio Scappini; Cesare Cecchi-Pestellini; Harvey Smith; William Klemperer; Alexander Dalgarno

2003-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER, YUQING WANG, AND KEVIN HAMILTON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER The influence of global warming on the climatology of tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific basin Model version 2 (CCSM2) coupled global climate model. The regional model is first tested in 10 yr

Wang, Yuqing

127

SUMMARY OF 2013 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHORS' SEASONAL AND TWO-WEEK FORECASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http Cyclone Energy (ACE) (92) 165 165 142 30 32% Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (103%) 175 175 150 43 42 on November 18, 2013 as calculated from the National Hurricane Center's b-decks. Final season statistics

128

Impact of Tropical Cyclones on the Heat Budget of the South Pacific Ocean S. JULLIEN,* C. E. MENKES,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Tropical Cyclones on the Heat Budget of the South Pacific Ocean S. JULLIEN,* C. E. MENKES cyclones (TCs) in the South Pacific convergence zone through a complete ocean heat budget. The TC impact, in final form 4 May 2012) ABSTRACT The present study investigates the integrated ocean response to tropical

129

Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an1 Earth system model of intermediate complexity2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate response to tropical cyclone-induced ocean mixing in an1 Earth system model of intermediate system model of intermediate complexity. The parameterization is based on21 previously published global. Abstract19 We introduce a parameterization of ocean mixing by tropical cyclones (TCs) into20 an Earth

130

Dispersion relation of the $?$ meson in hot/dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dispersion relation of $\\rho$ meson in both timelike and spacelike regimes in hot and dense nuclear medium is analyzed and compared with $\\sigma $ meson based on the quantum hadrodynamics model. The pole and screening masses of $\\rho $ and $\\sigma$ are discussed. The behavior of screening mass of $\\rho$ is different from that of $\\sigma$ due to different Dirac- and Fermi-sea contributions at finite temperature and density.

Ji-Sheng Chen; Jia-Rong Li; Peng-Fei Zhuang

2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Evaluation of a Combined Cyclone and Gas Filtration System for Particulate Removal in the Gasification Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Wabash gasification facility, owned and operated by sgSolutions LLC, is one of the largest single train solid fuel gasification facilities in the world capable of transforming 2,000 tons per day of petroleum coke or 2,600 tons per day of bituminous coal into synthetic gas for electrical power generation. The Wabash plant utilizes Phillips66 proprietary E-Gas (TM) Gasification Process to convert solid fuels such as petroleum coke or coal into synthetic gas that is fed to a combined cycle combustion turbine power generation facility. During plant startup in 1995, reliability issues were realized in the gas filtration portion of the gasification process. To address these issues, a slipstream test unit was constructed at the Wabash facility to test various filter designs, materials and process conditions for potential reliability improvement. The char filtration slipstream unit provided a way of testing new materials, maintenance procedures, and process changes without the risk of stopping commercial production in the facility. It also greatly reduced maintenance expenditures associated with full scale testing in the commercial plant. This char filtration slipstream unit was installed with assistance from the United States Department of Energy (built under DOE Contract No. DE-FC26-97FT34158) and began initial testing in November of 1997. It has proven to be extremely beneficial in the advancement of the E-Gas (TM) char removal technology by accurately predicting filter behavior and potential failure mechanisms that would occur in the commercial process. After completing four (4) years of testing various filter types and configurations on numerous gasification feed stocks, a decision was made to investigate the economic and reliability effects of using a particulate removal gas cyclone upstream of the current gas filtration unit. A paper study had indicated that there was a real potential to lower both installed capital and operating costs by implementing a char cyclonefiltration hybrid unit in the E-Gas (TM) gasification process. These reductions would help to keep the E-Gas (TM) technology competitive among other coal-fired power generation technologies. The Wabash combined cyclone and gas filtration slipstream test program was developed to provide design information, equipment specification and process control parameters of a hybrid cyclone and candle filter particulate removal system in the E-Gas (TM) gasification process that would provide the optimum performance and reliability for future commercial use. The test program objectives were as follows: 1. Evaluate the use of various cyclone materials of construction; 2. Establish the optimal cyclone efficiency that provides stable long term gas filter operation; 3. Determine the particle size distribution of the char separated by both the cyclone and candle filters. This will provide insight into cyclone efficiency and potential future plant design; 4. Determine the optimum filter media size requirements for the cyclone-filtration hybrid unit; 5. Determine the appropriate char transfer rates for both the cyclone and filtration portions of the hybrid unit; 6. Develop operating procedures for the cyclone-filtration hybrid unit; and, 7. Compare the installed capital cost of a scaled-up commercial cyclone-filtration hybrid unit to the current gas filtration design without a cyclone unit, such as currently exists at the Wabash facility.

Rizzo, Jeffrey J. [Phillips66 Company, West Terre Haute, IN (United States)

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

132

Cyclones Linked to Pliocene Warming: More Storms in Ancient Past May Have  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cyclones Linked to Cyclones Linked to Pliocene Warming Cyclones Linked to Pliocene Warming More Storms in Ancient Past May Have Implications for Future Climate March 21, 2011 | Tags: Climate Research, Franklin Contact: Margie Wylie, mwylie@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 7421 2011-02-28-Fedorov-1.png Figure 1. Simulated hurricane tracks under modern conditions (top) and Pliocene (bottom) overlay sea surface temperatures created by a fully coupled climate model. Images: Chris M. Brierley Scientists searching for clues to Earth's future climate are turning to its dim past, the Pliocene epoch. "We're interested in the Pliocene, because it's the closest analog we have in the past for what could happen in our future," says Chris Brierley, a Yale climate researcher computing at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC).

133

Medium effects and jet fragmentation at the LHC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we study the production of charged hadrons in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. We quantify the medium effects by calculating the nuclear ratio R{sub AA} as a function of the transverse momentum of the produced hadron. The main ingredients are the shadowing of the nuclear parton distributions, the jet energy loss and the fragmentation functions modified by the hot and dense medium. Our results are focused on the interplay of the different effects, and results are compared with recent LHC data.

Martins, S.; Mariotto, C. B.; Mackedanz, L. F. [Instituto de Matematica, Estatistica e Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Caixa Postal 474, CEP 96203-900, Rio Grande, RS (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

134

Charmonium in Hot Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The momentum dependence of the charmonium dissociation rate is worked out. The dominant process for in-medium charmonium regeneration is found to be a 3-to-2 process. Its corresponding regeneration rates from different input charmquark momentum spectra...

Zhao, Xingbo

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Amorphous Medium Language  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programming reliable behavior on a large mesh network composed of unreliable parts is difficult. Amorphous Medium Language addresses this problem by abstracting robustness and networking issues away from the programmer via ...

Beal, Jacob

136

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Being neither solid, liquid, gas, nor plasma, warm dense matter (WDM) occupies a no man's land in the map of material phases. Its temperature can range between that of planetary cores (tens of thousands K) to that of stellar cores (hundreds of thousands K). Not only is it prevalent throughout the universe, it is relevant to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and material performance under extreme conditions. However, because of its extreme temperatures and pressures, WDM tends to be drastically transient and thus difficult to study in the laboratory. Now, researchers have set up ultrafast x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the ALS to measure the electronic structure of WDMs, demonstrating that fast-changing electron temperatures of matter under extreme conditions can be determined with picosecond resolution.

137

Characteristics of the Dense Plasma Focus Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dense plasma focus discharge is produced in a hydromagnetic coaxial plasma accelerator. The final heating and compression of the plasma is accomplished by a partial conversion of the stored magnetic energy residing in the region behind the current sheath to plasma energy. The electrical behavior of the discharge is examined to determine the fraction of the initial energy involved in mechanical sheath motion inductive storage in the accelerator and Ohmic losses associated with the external and plasma discharge. Many analysis of this kind of datum show no definite correlation between the energy converted and neutron production. Presumably this arises from a lack of information as to how the collapse uses this energy and to the amount of plasma ejected from the dense plasma region during the collapse. From soft x?ray pinhole and Schlieren photographs the collapse and the development of the dense plasma is unquestionably a two?dimensional pinch compression.

Joseph W. Mather; Paul J. Bottoms

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Tropical cyclone genesis efficiency: mid-level versus bottom vortex Xuyang Ge and Tim Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;4 1. Introduction Tropical cyclone (TC) genesis is the least understood phase in a TC life cycle is cyclogenesis in an environment with a mid-level vortex (EMV). An analysis of the WNP TC genesis in 2000 the QuikSCAT-derived surface wind observations, there was no sign

Li, Tim

139

Environmental Helicity and Its Effects on Development and Intensification of Tropical Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much attention has been given to the impact of environmental wind shear in the 850–200-hPa layer on tropical cyclones (TCs). However, even with the same magnitude of shear, helicity in this layer can vary significantly. A new parameter is ...

Matthew J. Onderlinde; David S. Nolan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Performance characteristics of a low pressure cyclone for axial-flow fan exhausts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pneumatically convey lint fiber to the first-stage lint cleaner. typically, covered condenser drums with fine mesh screens are the abatement devices used on a)axial-flow fan exhausts. A new ID2D Low Pressure Cyclone (LPC) was developed that could be used...

Simpson, Shay Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Cyclonic eddies in the Gulf of Mexico: Observations by underwater gliders and simulations by numerical model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Circulation in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is dominated by the Loop Current (LC), and by Loop Current Eddies (LCEs) which form at irregular multi-month intervals by separation from the LC. Comparatively small cyclonic eddies (CEs) are thought to have ...

Daniel L. Rudnick; Ganesh Gopalakrishnan; Bruce D. Cornuelle

142

A New Compilation of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1851–98  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive new compilation of North Atlantic tropical cyclone activity for the years 1851–98 is presented and compared with the second-generation North Atlantic hurricane database (HURDAT2) for the same years. This new analysis is based on ...

Michael Chenoweth

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

The World Wide Lightning Location Network and Convective Activity in Tropical Cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 2010, in final form 19 August 2010) ABSTRACT Lightning flash density in tropical cyclones (TCs) is investigated to identify whether lightning flashes provide information on TC intensity and/or intensity change. The National Lightning Detection Network is used to analyze flash density as a function of peak current

Corbosiero, Kristen L.

144

Momentum Flux Budget across the AirSea Interface under Uniform and Tropical Cyclone Winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into ocean currents is equal to the flux from air (wind stress). However, when the surface wave field grows into currents under TCs. 1. Introduction The passage of a tropical cyclone (TC) over a warm ocean represents one is mainly due to the vertical turbulent mixing induced by the strong momentum flux into ocean currents

Rhode Island, University of

145

Global Ensemble Predictions of 2009's Tropical Cyclones Initialized with an Ensemble Kalman Filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In part, this can be attributed to the general improvements in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models summer tropical cyclones (TCs) from two experimental global numerical weather prediction ensemble prediction systems (EPSs). The first model was a highresolution version (T382L64) of the National Centers

Hamill, Tom

146

An Investigation of Extratropical Cyclone Development Using a Scale-Separation Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The explosive development phase of an extratropical cyclone (ETC) is examined using output generated by the fifth-generation PSU–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5). A full-physics run of MM5 with 60-km grid spacing was used to simulate the intensive ...

Kenneth E. Parsons; Phillip J. Smith

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

RETRIEVAL OF HYDROMETEOR PROFILES IN TROPICAL CYCLONES AND CONVECTION BY A COMBINED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate the ice phase radiative transfer process more reasonably. Final optimal 's as well as the observed a significant influence on the energy and water budgets. The latent heat release in tropical cyclones provides of the circulation of the storm. Directly related to latent heating, ice water content (IWC) and liq

Jiang, Haiyan

148

Impact of Tropical Cyclones on the Heat Budget of the South Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study investigates the integrated ocean response to tropical cyclones (TCs) in the South Pacific convergence zone through a complete ocean heat budget. The TC impact analysis is based on the comparison between two long-term (1979–2003) ...

S. Jullien; C. E. Menkes; P. Marchesiello; N. C. Jourdain; M. Lengaigne; A. Koch-Larrouy; J. Lefèvre; E. M. Vincent; V. Faure

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone (TC) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while ...

Yuqing Wang; Jing Xu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains system in which the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) is nested within the Community Earth has missed this cyclogenesis, while the nested WRF at 30 km grid spacing (or finer

Ohta, Shigemi

151

Electrical conductivity of warm dense tungsten  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The electrical conductivity of warm dense tungsten plasma has been investigated successfully by a linear mixture rule considering various interactions of electrons with electrons, atoms, and ions. The plasma composition is calculated by the nonideal Saha equation. The interesting regime for tungsten plasma spans from weakly coupled and nondegenerate regime to strongly coupled and partial degenerate state. The electrical conductivity calculated is in reasonable agreement with the exploding wire experiments and other theoretical models. The present result demonstrates that the theoretical model is valid for the electrical conductivity of tungsten plasma in the warm dense matter regime.

Zhijian Fu; Lijun Jia; Xiaowei Sun; Qifeng Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Open bottom mesons in hot asymmetric hadronic medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The in-medium masses and optical potentials of $B$ and ${\\bar B}$ mesons are studied in an isospin asymmetric, strange, hot and dense hadronic environment using a chiral effective model. The chiral $SU(3)$ model originally designed for the light quark sector, is generalized to include the heavy quark sector ($c$ and $b$) to derive the interactions of the $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons with the light hadrons. Due to large mass of bottom quark, we use only the empirical form of these interactions for the desired purpose, while treating the bottom degrees of freedom to be frozen in the medium. Hence, all medium effects are due to the in-medium interaction of the light quark content of these open-bottom mesons. Both $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons are found to experience net attractive interactions in the medium, leading to lowering of their masses in the medium. The mass degeneracy of particles and antiparticles, ($B^+$, $B^-$) as well as ($B^0$, ${\\bar B}^0$), is observed to be broken in the medium, due to equal and opposite contributions from a vectorial Weinberg-Tomozawa interaction term. Addition of hyperons to the medium lowers further the in-medium mass for each of these four mesons, while a non-zero isospin asymmetry is observed to break the approximate mass degeneracy of each pair of isospin doublets. These medium effects are found to be strongly density dependent, and bear a considerably weaker temperature dependence. The results obtained in the present investigation are compared to predictions from the quark-meson coupling model, heavy meson effective theory, and the QCD Sum Rule approach.

Divakar Pathak; Amruta Mishra

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - air dense medium Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering 14 Total Incineration Con sulting Engineer Summary: with adequate air-pollution control. INTRODUCTION Total incineration is defined herein as the con version... of...

154

ULTRA CLEAN COAL PRODUCTION USING DENSE MEDIUM SEPARATION FOR THE SILICON MARKET.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of high quality silicon requires the use of ultraclean coal containing less than 1.5% ash. The magnetite used to clean the coal in… (more)

Amini, Seyed Hassan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Dense colloidal fluids form denser amorphous sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dense colloidal fluids form denser amorphous sediments Shir R. Libera,b , Shai Borohovicha of their randomly packed solid sediments. We demonstrate that the most dilute fluids of colloidal hard spheres form loosely packed sediments, where the volume fraction of the particles approaches in frictional systems

Schofield, Andrew B.

156

Dense high temperature ceramic oxide superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Dense superconducting ceramic oxide articles of manufacture and methods for producing these articles are described. Generally these articles are produced by first processing these superconducting oxides by ceramic processing techniques to optimize materials properties, followed by reestablishing the superconducting state in a desired portion of the ceramic oxide composite.

Landingham, Richard L. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Rho Meson in Dense Hadronic Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spectral function of a rho meson that is at rest in dense hadronic matter and couples strongly to the pion is studied in the vector dominance model by including the effect of the delta-hole polarization on the pion. With the free rho-meson mass...

Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Neutron emission studies in dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron emission studies in dense plasma focus under low pressure and high pressure operation has been carried out. Parametric studies of dynamic behavior of plasma focus also has been made by means of laser holographic interferometry nuclear activation methods and neutron T. O. F detection including pinhole camera. Experimental result was compared with the z?pinch.

M. Yokoyama; Y. Kitagawa; Y. Yamada

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Expanding the operational envelope of compact cylindrical cyclone gas/liquid separators using a variable inlet-slot configuration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the numerous advantages associated with using compact cylindrical cyclone gas/liquid separators, particularly for upstream production operations, the lack of a full understanding of the complex hydrodynamic process taking place in it and its...

Uvwo, Ighofasan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

160

Tropical Cyclone Mekkhala (2008) Formation over the South China Sea: Mesoscale, Synoptic-scale and Large-scale Contributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone formation close to the coastline of the Asian continent presents a significant threat to heavily populated coastal countries. A case study of Tropical Storm Mekkhala (2008) that developed off the coast of Vietnam is presented ...

Myung-Sook Park; Hyeong-Seog Kim; Chang-Hoi Ho; Russell L. Elsberry; Myong-In Lee

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Relationships between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Eyewall Structure as Determined by Radial Profiles of Inner-Core Infrared Brightness Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radial profiles of infrared brightness temperature for 2405 different satellite observations from 14 western North Pacific tropical cyclones (TCs) from the 2012 season were analyzed and compared to intensity and changes in intensity. Four critical ...

Elizabeth R. Sanabia; Bradford S. Barrett; Caitlin M. Fine

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Development and Tropical Transition of an Alpine Lee Cyclone. Part I: Case Analysis and Evaluation of Numerical Guidance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development and tropical transition (TT) of a subsynoptic-scale cyclone in the Gulf of Genoa during the Mesoscale Alpine Project (MAP) demonstration of probabilistic hydrological and atmospheric simulation of flood events in the alpine region ...

Ron McTaggart-Cowan; Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart; Jason A. Milbrandt

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Tropical Cyclone Initialization with a Spherical High-Order Filter and an Idealized Three-Dimensional Bogus Vortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone initialization method with an idealized three-dimensional bogus vortex of an analytic empirical formula is presented for the track and intensity prediction. The procedure in the new method consists of four steps: the separation ...

In-Hyuk Kwon; Hyeong-Bin Cheong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Impacts of Ocean–Atmosphere Coupling on Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change and Ocean Prediction in the Australian Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the impact of atmosphere–ocean coupling on predicted tropical cyclone (TC) intensity change and the ocean response in the Australian region. The coupled model comprises the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s Tropical ...

P. A. Sandery; G. B. Brassington; A. Craig; T. Pugh

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and satellite based indicators of inner core convection: 85 GHz ice scattering signature and lightning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indirectly, using satellite-borne observations of the scattering of upwelling microwave radiation by precipitation sized ice and satellite-borne observations of lightning. The observations are then compared to tropical cyclone intensity and the resulting...

Cecil, Daniel Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

Response of tropical sea surface temperature, precipitation, and tropical cyclone-related variables to changes in global and local forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single-column model is used to estimate the equilibrium response of sea surface temperature (SST), precipitation, and several variables related to tropical cyclone (TC) activity to changes in both local and global forcing. ...

Sobel, Adam

167

WARM EXTENDED DENSE GAS AT THE HEART OF A COLD COLLAPSING DENSE CORE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to investigate when and how the birth of a protostellar core occurs, we made survey observations of four well-studied dense cores in the Taurus molecular cloud using CO transitions in submillimeter bands. We report here the detection of unexpectedly warm (approx30-70 K), extended (radius of approx2400 AU), dense (a few times 10{sup 5} cm{sup -3}) gas at the heart of one of the dense cores, L1521F (MC27), within the cold dynamically collapsing components. We argue that the detected warm, extended, dense gas may originate from shock regions caused by collisions between the dynamically collapsing components and outflowing/rotating components within the dense core. We propose a new stage of star formation, 'warm-in-cold core stage (WICCS)', i.e., the cold collapsing envelope encases the warm extended dense gas at the center due to the formation of a protostellar core. WICCS would constitute a missing link in evolution between a cold quiescent starless core and a young protostar in class 0 stage that has a large-scale bipolar outflow.

Shinnaga, Hiroko; Phillips, Thomas G. [California Institute of Technology Submillimeter Observatory (CSO), 111 Nowelo Street, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Furuya, Ray S. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Kitamura, Yoshimi, E-mail: shinnaga@submm.caltech.ed, E-mail: tgp@submm.caltech.ed, E-mail: rsf@subaru.naoj.or, E-mail: kitamura@isas.jaxa.j [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Determination of the thermodynamic performance of a bottom outlet cyclone steam-water separator for geothermal use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DETERMINATION OF THE THERMODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OF A BOTTOM OUTLET CYCLONE STEAM-WATER SEPARATOR FOR GEOTHERMAL USE A Thesis by Mark Andrew Chappell... Approved as to style and content by; Chairman o Committee Member e er em er ad epartment December 1979 ABSTRACT Determination of the Thermodynamic Performance of a Bottom Outlet Cyclone Steam-Water Separator for Geothermal Use (December 1979) Mark...

Chappell, Mark Andrew

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Liquid chromatographic extraction medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water. 1 fig.

Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

170

Liquid chromatographic extraction medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column is described. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL); Dietz, Mark L. (Evanston, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Improved high efficiency third stage separator cyclones for separation of fines from fluid catalytic cracking flue gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stairmand type small diameter (0.254 m) multicyclones were cold flow tested for fluid catalytic cracking third stage separator application. The gas discharge from the cyclone dust outlet into the common collection hopper was found to far exceed the hopper bleed rate (underflow). The excess gas reentrained dust from the hopper back into cyclones, which lowered collection efficiencies. Vortex {open_quotes}stabilization{close_quotes} using apex cones was unsuccessful whereas a Mobil proprietary cyclone modification was successful in minimizing excess gas discharge and dust reentrainment at the cyclone-hopper boundary. In tests at 700 {degrees}C, the modified cyclones captured all particles above 4 {mu}m. Mobil-Kellogg incorporated the modified cyclones in a new third stage separator design which is targeted for achieving lowest opacity and <50 mg/Nm{sup 3} emissions at the stack. The first such unit will be commercialized in Mobil`s newest catalytic cracker (M.W. Kellogg design) under construction in Altona, Australia in late 1996. 5 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Chitnis, G.K.; Schatz, K.W. [Mobil Technology Co., Paulsboro, NJ (United States); Bussey, B.K. [M.W. Kellogg Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

172

Ultra-Efficient and Power-Dense Electric Motors | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Ultra-Efficient and Power-Dense Electric Motors Ultra-Efficient and Power-Dense Electric Motors electricmotors.pdf More Documents & Publications Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2009-030...

173

Deposition of nanolayers by means of dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our preliminary experiments, reported in this paper, dense plasma focus (DPF) device is used for deposition...

M. Chernyshova; I. Ivanova-Stanik; L. Karpi?ski…

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Structures for dense, crack free thin films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The process described herein provides a simple and cost effective method for making crack free, high density thin ceramic film. The steps involve depositing a layer of a ceramic material on a porous or dense substrate. The deposited layer is compacted and then the resultant laminate is sintered to achieve a higher density than would have been possible without the pre-firing compaction step.

Jacobson, Craig P. (Lafayette, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); De Jonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

175

Shear dispersion in dense granular flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We formulate and solve a model problem of dispersion of dense granular materials in rapid shear flow down an incline. The effective dispersivity of the depth-averaged concentration of the dispersing powder is shown to vary as the P\\'eclet number squared, as in classical Taylor--Aris dispersion of molecular solutes. An extensions to generic shear profiles is presented, and possible applications to industrial and geological granular flows are noted.

Christov, Ivan C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Electrical Conductivity of a Dense Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ac electrical conductivity of a dense plasma is studied by use of reflectivity measurements on the rear surface of a laser-irradiated planar target. The results show general agreement with theory in which a minimum collision mean free path is assumed, yielding correspondingly a minimum conductivity. However, the results also suggest that the minimum mean free path is greater than the interatomic radius.

A. Ng, D. Parfeniuk, P. Celliers, L. DaSilva, R. M. More, and Y. T. Lee

1986-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

177

Concept of spinsonde for multi-cycle measurement of vertical wind profile of tropical cyclones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical cyclones and cyclogenesis are active areas of research. Chute-operated dropsondes jointly developed by NASA and NCAR are capable of acquiring high resolution vertical wind profile of tropical cyclones. This paper proposes a chute-free vertical retardation technique (termed as spinsonde) that can accurately measure vertical wind profile. Unlike the expendable dropsondes, the spinsonde allows multi-cycle measurement to be performed within a single flight. Proof of principle is demonstrated using a simulation software and results indicate that the GPS ground speed correlates with the wind speeds to within +/-5 km/h. This technique reduces flying weight and increases payload capacity by eliminating bulky chutes. Maximum cruising speed (Vh) achieved by the spinsonde UAV is 372 km/h.

Poh, Chung-How

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Impact of Aerosols on Tropical Cyclones: An Investigation Using Convection-permitting Model Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of aerosols effect on two tropical cyclones over Bay of Bengal are investigated using a convection permitting model with two-moment mixed-phase bulk cloud microphysics scheme. The simulation results show the role of aerosol on the microphysical and dynamical properties of cloud and bring out the change in efficiency of the clouds in producing precipitation. The tracks of the TCs are hardly affected by the changing aerosol types, but the intensity exhibits significant sensitivity due to the change in aerosol contribution. It is also clearly seen from the analyses that higher heating in the middle troposphere within the cyclone center is in response to latent heat release as a consequence of greater graupel formation. Greater heating in the middle level is particularly noticeable for the clean aerosol regime which causes enhanced divergence in the upper level which, in turn, forces the lower level convergence. As a result, the cleaner aerosol perturbation is more unstable within the cyclone core and produces a more intense cyclone as compared to other two perturbations of aerosol. All these studies show the robustness of the concept of TC weakening by storm ingestion of high concentrations of CCN. The consistency of these model results gives us confidence in stating there is a high probability that ingestion of high CCN concentrations in a TC will lead to weakening of the storm but has little impact on storm direction. Moreover, as pollution is increasing over the Indian sub-continent, this study suggests pollution may be weakening TCs over the Bay of Bengal.

Hazra, Anupam; Mukhopadhyay, P.; Taraphdar, Sourav; Chen, J. P.; Cotton, William R.

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

179

Parametrization of light nuclei quasiparticle energy shifts and composition of warm and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correlations and the formation of bound states (nuclei) are essential for the properties of nuclear matter in equilibrium as well as in nonequilibrium. In a quantum statistical approach, quasiparticle energies are obtained for the light elements that reflect the influence of the medium. We present analytical fits for the quasiparticle energy shifts of light nuclei that can be used in various applications. This is a prerequisite for the investigation of warm and dense matter that reproduces the nuclear statistical equilibrium and virial expansions in the low-density limit as well as relativistic mean field and Brueckner Hartree-Fock approaches near saturation density.

G. Röpke

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electrical and thermal conductivities in dense plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Expressions for the electrical and thermal conductivities in dense plasmas are derived combining the Chester-Thellung-Kubo-Greenwood approach and the Kramers approximation. The infrared divergence is removed assuming a Drude-like behaviour. An analytical expression is obtained for the Lorenz number that interpolates between the cold solid-state and the hot plasma phases. An expression for the electrical resistivity is proposed using the Ziman-Evans formula, from which the thermal conductivity can be deduced using the analytical expression for the Lorenz number. The present method can be used to estimate electrical and thermal conductivities of mixtures. Comparisons with experiment and quantum molecular dynamics simulations are done.

Faussurier, G., E-mail: gerald.faussurier@cea.fr; Blancard, C.; Combis, P.; Videau, L. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Dense plasma properties from shock wave experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review is presented of the novel experimental results of investigation of physical properties of the coupled dense plasmas generated as a result of shock compression up to megabar pressure range. High-energy plasma states were generated by single and multiple shock compression. The highly time-resolved diagnostics permit us to measure thermodynamical, electrophysical and optical properties of high pressure condensed plasmas in the broad phase diagram region—from the compressed condensed solid state up to the low density gas range, including strongly coupled plasma and metal–insulator transition regions.

V B Mintsev; V E Fortov

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Dynamics of Kr in dense clathrate hydrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamics of Kr atoms as guests in dense clathrate hydrate structures are investigated using site specific Kr83 nuclear resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (NRIXS) spectroscopy in combination with molecular dynamics simulations. The dense structure H hydrate and filled-ice structures are studied at high pressures in a diamond anvil high-pressure cell. The dynamics of Kr in the structure H clathrate hydrate quench recovered at 77 K is also investigated. The Kr phonon density of states obtained from the experimental NRIXS data are compared with molecular dynamics simulations. The temperature and pressure dependence of the phonon spectra provide details of the Kr dynamics in the clathrate hydrate cages. Comparison with the dynamics of Kr atoms in the low-pressure structure II obtained previously was made. The Lamb-Mossbauer factor obtained from NRIXS experiments and molecular dynamics calculations are in excellent agreement and are shown to yield unique information on the strength and temperature dependence of guest-host interactions.

D. D. Klug; J. S. Tse; J. Y. Zhao; W. Sturhahn; E. E. Alp; C. A. Tulk

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

183

Beyond the pseudo-time-dependent approach: chemical models of dense core precursors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context: Chemical models of dense cloud cores often utilize the so-called pseudo-time-dependent approximation, in which the physical conditions are held fixed and uniform as the chemistry occurs. In this approximation, the initial abundances chosen, which are totally atomic in nature except for molecular hydrogen, are artificial. A more detailed approach to the chemistry of dense cold cores should include the physical evolution during their early stages of formation. Aims: Our major goal is to investigate the initial synthesis of molecular ices and gas-phase molecules as cold molecular gas begins to form behind a shock in the diffuse interstellar medium. The abundances calculated as the conditions evolve can then be utilized as reasonable initial conditions for a theory of the chemistry of dense cores. Methods: Hydrodynamic shock-wave simulations of the early stages of cold core formation are used to determine the time-dependent physical conditions for a gas-grain chemical network. We follow the cold post-sho...

Hassel, G E; Bergin, E A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

CMVRTC: Medium Truck Duty Cycle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

medium truck duty cycle (MTdc) project medium truck duty cycle (MTdc) project OVERVIEW The Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) project involves efforts to collect, analyze and archive data related to medium-truck operations in real-world driving environments. Such data and information will be useful to support technology evaluation efforts and to provide a means of accounting for real-world driving performance within medium-class truck analyses. The project involves private industry partners from various truck vocations. The MTDC project is unique in that there currently does not exist a national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. This project involves the collection of data from multiple vocations (four vocations) and multiple vehicles within these vocations (three vehicles per

185

Thermal Desorption of Water-Ice in the Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water (H2O) ice is an important solid constituent of many astrophysical environments. To comprehend the role of such ices in the chemistry and evolution of dense molecular clouds and comets, it is necessary to understand the freeze-out, potential surface reactivity, and desorption mechanisms of such molecular systems. Consequently, there is a real need from within the astronomical modelling community for accurate empirical molecular data pertaining to these processes. Here we give the first results of a laboratory programme to provide such data. Measurements of the thermal desorption of H2O ice, under interstellar conditions, are presented. For ice deposited under conditions that realistically mimic those in a dense molecular cloud, the thermal desorption of thin films (~50 molecular layers) is found to occur with zero order kinetics characterised by a surface binding energy, E_{des}, of 5773 +/- 60 K, and a pre-exponential factor, A, of 10^(30 +/- 2) molecules cm^-2 s^-1. These results imply that, in the dense interstellar medium, thermal desorption of H2O ice will occur at significantly higher temperatures than has previously been assumed.

Helen J. Fraser; Mark P. Collings; Martin R. S. McCoustra; David A. Williams

2001-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Role of Moist Processes in the Intrinsic Predictability of Indian Ocean Cyclones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of moist processes and the possibility of error cascade from cloud scale processes affecting the intrinsic predictable time scale of a high resolution convection permitting model within the environment of tropical cyclones (TCs) over the Indian region are investigated. Consistent with past studies of extra-tropical cyclones, it is demonstrated that moist processes play a major role in forecast error growth which may ultimately limit the intrinsic predictability of the TCs. Small errors in the initial conditions may grow rapidly and cascades from smaller scales to the larger scales through strong diabatic heating and nonlinearities associated with moist convection. Results from a suite of twin perturbation experiments for four tropical cyclones suggest that the error growth is significantly higher in cloud permitting simulation at 3.3 km resolutions compared to simulations at 3.3 km and 10 km resolution with parameterized convection. Convective parameterizations with prescribed convective time scales typically longer than the model time step allows the effects of microphysical tendencies to average out so convection responds to a smoother dynamical forcing. Without convective parameterizations, the finer-scale instabilities resolved at 3.3 km resolution and stronger vertical motion that results from the cloud microphysical parameterizations removing super-saturation at each model time step can ultimately feed the error growth in convection permitting simulations. This implies that careful considerations and/or improvements in cloud parameterizations are needed if numerical predictions are to be improved through increased model resolution. Rapid upscale error growth from convective scales may ultimately limit the intrinsic mesoscale predictability of the TCs, which further supports the needs for probabilistic forecasts of these events, even at the mesoscales.

Taraphdar, Sourav; Mukhopadhyay, P.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Zhang, Fuqing; Abhilash, S.; Goswami, B. N.

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF GAS-LIQUID CYLINDRICAL CYCLONE COMPACT SEPARATORS FOR THREE-PHASE FLOW  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded a five-year (1997-2002) grant (Mohan and Shoham, DE-FG26-97BC15024, 1997) to The University of Tulsa, to develop compact multiphase separation components for 3-phase flow. The research activities of this project have been conducted through cost sharing by the member companies of the Tulsa University Separation Technology Projects (TUSTP) research consortium and the Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology (OCAST). As part of this project, several individual compact separation components have been developed for onshore and offshore applications. These include gas-liquid cylindrical cyclones (GLCC{copyright}), liquid-liquid cylindrical cyclones (LLCC{copyright}), and the gas-liquid-liquid cylindrical cyclones (GLLCC{copyright}). A detailed study has also been completed for the liquid-liquid hydrocyclones (LLHC). Appropriate control strategies have been developed for proper operation of the GLCC{copyright} and LLCC{copyright}. Testing of GLCC{copyright} at high pressure and real crude conditions for field applications is also completed. Limited studies have been conducted on flow conditioning devices to be used upstream of the compact separators for performance improvement. This report presents a brief overview of the activities and tasks accomplished during the 5-year project period, October 1, 1997-March 31, 2003 (including the no-cost extended period of 6 months). An executive summary is presented initially followed by the tasks of the 5-year budget periods. Then, detailed description of the experimental and modeling investigations are presented. Subsequently, the technical and scientific results of the activities of this project period are presented with some discussions. The findings of this investigation are summarized in the ''Conclusions'' section, followed by relevant references. The publications resulting from this study in the form of MS Theses, Ph.D. Dissertation, Journal Papers and Conference Presentations are provided at the end of this report.

Dr. Ram S. Mohan; Dr. Ovadia Shoham

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

188

Anti-strange meson-baryon interaction in hot and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of in-medium cross sections and (off-shell) transition rates for the most relevant binary reactions for strange pseudoscalar meson production close to threshold in heavy-ion collisions at FAIR energies. Our results rely on a chiral unitary approach in coupled channels which incorporates the $s$- and $p$-waves of the kaon-nucleon interaction. The formalism, which is modified in the hot and dense medium to account for Pauli blocking effects, mean-field binding on baryons, and pion and kaon self-energies, has been improved to implement full unitarization and self-consistency for both the $s$- and $p$-wave interactions at finite temperature and density. This gives access to in-medium amplitudes in several elastic and inelastic coupled channels with strangeness content $S=-1$. The obtained total cross sections mostly reflect the fate of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance, which melts in the nuclear environment, whereas the off-shell transition probabilities are also sensitive to the in-medium properties of the hyperons excited in the $p$-wave amplitudes [$\\Lambda$, $\\Sigma$ and $\\Sigma^*(1385)$]. The single-particle potentials of these hyperons at finite momentum, density and temperature are also discussed in connection with the pertinent scattering amplitudes. Our results are the basis for future implementations in microscopic transport approaches accounting for off-shell dynamics of strangeness production in nucleus-nucleus collisions.

Daniel Cabrera; Laura Tolos; Jörg Aichelin; Elena Bratkovskaya

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

189

Anti-strange meson-baryon interaction in hot and dense nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of in-medium cross sections and (off-shell) transition rates for the most relevant binary reactions for strange pseudoscalar meson production close to threshold in heavy-ion collisions at FAIR energies. Our results rely on a chiral unitary approach in coupled channels which incorporates the $s$- and $p$-waves of the kaon-nucleon interaction. The formalism, which is modified in the hot and dense medium to account for Pauli blocking effects, mean-field binding on baryons, and pion and kaon self-energies, has been improved to implement full unitarization and self-consistency for both the $s$- and $p$-wave interactions at finite temperature and density. This gives access to in-medium amplitudes in several elastic and inelastic coupled channels with strangeness content $S=-1$. The obtained total cross sections mostly reflect the fate of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ resonance, which melts in the nuclear environment, whereas the off-shell transition probabilities are also sensitive to the in-medium propert...

Cabrera, Daniel; Aichelin, Jörg; Bratkovskaya, Elena

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ammonia Capture in Porous Organic Polymers Densely Functionalized...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ammonia Capture in Porous Organic Polymers Densely Functionalized with Brnsted Acid Groups Previous Next List Jeffrey F. Van Humbeck, Thomas M. McDonald, Xiaofei Jing, Brian M....

191

LIMITATIONS ON MEASURING A TRANSVERSE PROFILE OF ULTRA- DENSE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LIMITATIONS ON MEASURING A TRANSVERSE PROFILE OF ULTRA- DENSE ELECTRON BEAMS WITH SCINTILLATORS A. Murokh * , J. Rosenzweig, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547,...

192

Oxygen ion-conducting dense ceramic  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Preparation, structure, and properties of mixed metal oxide compositions containing at least strontium, cobalt, iron and oxygen are described. The crystalline mixed metal oxide compositions of this invention have, for example, structure represented by Sr.sub..alpha. (Fe.sub.1-x Co.sub.x).sub..alpha.+.beta. O.sub..delta. where x is a number in a range from 0.01 to about 1, .alpha. is a number in a range from about 1 to about 4, .beta. is a number in a range upward from 0 to about 20, and .delta. is a number which renders the compound charge neutral, and wherein the composition has a non-perovskite structure. Use of the mixed metal oxides in dense ceramic membranes which exhibit oxygen ionic conductivity and selective oxygen separation, are described as well as their use in separation of oxygen from an oxygen-containing gaseous mixture.

Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Kleefisch, Mark S. (Naperville, IL); Kobylinski, Thaddeus P. (Lisle, IL); Morissette, Sherry L. (Las Cruces, NM); Pei, Shiyou (Naperville, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Oxygen ion-conducting dense ceramic  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Preparation, structure, and properties of mixed metal oxide compositions containing at least strontium, cobalt, iron and oxygen are described. The crystalline mixed metal oxide compositions of this invention have, for example, structure represented by Sr.sub..alpha. (Fe.sub.1-x Co.sub.x).sub..alpha.+.beta. O.sub..delta. where x is a number in a range from 0.01 to about 1, .alpha. is a number in a range from about 1 to about 4, .beta. is a number in a range upward from 0 to about 20, and .delta. is a number which renders the compound charge neutral, and wherein the composition has a non-perovskite structure. Use of the mixed metal oxides in dense ceramic membranes which exhibit oxygen ionic conductivity and selective oxygen separation, are described as well as their use in separation of oxygen from an oxygen-containing gaseous mixture.

Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Kleefisch, Mark S. (Naperville, IL); Kobylinski, Thaddeus P. (Lisle, IL); Morissette, Sherry L. (Las Cruces, NM); Pei, Shiyou (Naperville, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Hydromagnetic Instabilities in the Dense Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coaxial discharges of the Mather type owe their performance to the rapid collapse of a noncylindrical current sheath into a dense plasma focus. The lifetime of the resulting fountainlike pinch column appears to be governed by the formation of sausage instabilities; however typical estimates of the buildup time for m?=?0 hydromagnetic instabilities in cylindrical columns are at least 5–10 times shorter than the observed lifetimes (?50 nsec). In order to study the effect of pinch curvature a hydromagnetic stability analysis is performed in terms of the Bernstein energy principle expressed in curvilinear coordinates. A necessary stability condition for curved pinches with no axial magnetic fields turns out to be the presence of a delta?function current singularity on the axis in accordance with hard?core pinch measurements of Colgate. For noncylindrical axisymmetric pinches of finite curvature and large aspect ratio the m?=?0 instability is found to grow about 10 times slower than the corresponding cylindrical pinch case.

G. G. Comisar

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Ion Heating in the Dense Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The collapse phase of a dense plasma focus gun operating in deuterium was studied using streak photography and time resolved x?ray and neutron measuring techniques. The streak photographs showing the radial motion of the luminous front at various axial positions indicate a collapsing luminous front at the time of the current collapse followed by an expanding front and a recompression. The luminosity then disappears for a period of several hundred nanoseconds during which time the neutrons are emitted. Estimates of shock heating and magnetic compressional heating were made from the streak pictures and a calculation of plasma heating due to viscous forces arising from axial motion of the plasma was carried out. The effects of shock heating magnetic compressional heating and viscous heating are shown to be sufficient to produce an ion temperature of several kilovolts.

A. J. Toepfer; D. R. Smith; E. H. Beckner

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Nonlinear extraordinary wave in dense plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conditions for the propagation of a slow extraordinary wave in dense magnetized plasma are found. A solution to the set of relativistic hydrodynamic equations and Maxwell’s equations under the plasma resonance conditions, when the phase velocity of the nonlinear wave is equal to the speed of light, is obtained. The deviation of the wave frequency from the resonance frequency is accompanied by nonlinear longitudinal-transverse oscillations. It is shown that, in this case, the solution to the set of self-consistent equations obtained by averaging the initial equations over the period of high-frequency oscillations has the form of an envelope soliton. The possibility of excitation of a nonlinear wave in plasma by an external electromagnetic pulse is confirmed by numerical simulations.

Krasovitskiy, V. B., E-mail: krasovit@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics (Russian Federation); Turikov, V. A. [Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship (Russian Federation)] [Russian University of Peoples’ Friendship (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Drying and first heat up of a kiln unit with cyclone heat exchangers with a lining of refractory concretes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an accelerated drying and first heatup cycle developed for a kiln unit for dry production of clinker with a capacity of 3000 tons/day with cyclone heat exchangers of refractory concretes of high-alumina cement with a chamotte aggregate. The drying of the lining and the heating of the unit were done in 4 days. The results of the work indicate the desirability of use of refractory concretes for lining the cyclone heat exchangers of kiln units for dry production of clinker.

Petrov-Denisov, V.G.; Matveev, Y.V.; Pichkov, A.M.; Pozdnyakova, N.K.; Shakhov, I.I.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Routes Data Acquisition System Setup Routes Data Acquisition System Setup Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Objective This Department of Energy project focuses on the collection and analysis medium truck (Class-6 and -7) duty cycle data from real-world operations. Analysis of this data will provide information pertaining to the fuel efficiencies and performance of medium trucks in several vocations. Outcomes Rich source of data and information that can contribute to the development of new tools Sound basis upon which DOE can make technology investment decisions A national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data that will support medium-duty vehicle energy efficiency research Collected Data Speed & Acceleration Fuel Consumption GPS Location Road Grade

199

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL SLAWOMIR SOLECKI AND STEVO TODORCEVIC Abstract. We investigate Tukey functions from the ideal of all closed nowhere dense subsets of 2N . In particular, we answer an old question of Isbell and Fremlin by showing that this ideal is not Tukey reducible

Solecki, Slawomir

200

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN* AND DAVID S. NOLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN independent of both the maximum wind speed and the radius of maximum winds (RMW). This can be seen winds change with height. Above 2-km height, vertical profiles of Vmaxnorm are nearly independent

Nolan, David S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Forecasting a large number of tropical cyclone intensities around Japan using a high-resolution atmosphere-ocean coupled model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work quantifies the benefits of using a high-resolution atmosphere-ocean coupled model in the tropical cyclone (TC) intensity forecasts in the vicinity of Japan. To do so, a large number of high-resolution calculations were performed by ...

Kosuke Ito; Tohru Kuroda; Kazuo Saito; Akiyoshi Wada

202

Intensified Impact of East Indian Ocean SST Anomaly on Tropical Cyclone Genesis Frequency over the Western North Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent finding is the significant impact of the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) over the east Indian Ocean (EIO) on the genesis frequency of tropical cyclones (TCs) over the western North Pacific (WNP). In this study it is shown that such ...

Ruifen Zhan; Yuqing Wang; Li Tao

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

In: Cyclones: Formation, Triggers and Control ISBN Editor: Kazuyoshi Oouchi and Hironori Fudeyasu, pp. 2012 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discuss the origin of the summertime synoptic- scale wave train in the western Pacific and the energy results, focusing on the energy dispersion of a preexisting tropical cyclone and genesis efficiency of mid by a confluence zone between the monsoon westerly and the trade easterly. A meridional shear line along 150o E, 5o

Li, Tim

204

Modulation of Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) from 1905-2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) has been demonstrated to play a role in tropical cyclone (TC) activity around the globe in a number of recent studies. While the impact of the MJO on TCs in the Atlantic basin since the mid-1970s has been well ...

Philip J. Klotzbach; Eric C. J. Oliver

205

Structure and Statistical Analysis of the Microphysical Properties of Generating Cells in the Comma Head Region of Continental Winter Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents analyses of the microphysical structure of cloud-top convective generating cells at temperatures between ?10° and ?55°C across the comma head of 11 continental cyclones, using data collected by the W-band Wyoming Cloud Radar ...

David M. Plummer; Greg M. McFarquhar; Robert M. Rauber; Brian F. Jewett; David C. Leon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The combined effects of beta-shear and environmental shear on a dry tropical cyclone in a numerical model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind balance is analyzed in this study (Mallen et al. 2005). The vortex is generated from a number, FL 1. INTRODUCTION High values of vertical wind shear have been shown to inhibit tropical cyclone (TC have demonstrated that shear generates a tilt in TC core, resulting in persistent wavenumber-1

Nolan, David S.

207

Development and Tropical Transition of an Alpine Lee Cyclone. Part II: Orographic Influence on the Development Pathway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development and subsequent tropical transition of a subsynoptic-scale cyclone over the Gulf of Genoa (GoG) on 15 November 2007 led to the rapid onset of tropical storm-force winds near the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. This study evaluates ...

Ron McTaggart-Cowan; Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart; Jason A. Milbrandt

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

High-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere can cause Earthquakes, Cyclones and localized heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere can cause Earthquakes, the HAARP heater is the most powerful ionospheric heater, with 3.6GW of effective power using HF heating, Cyclones and localized heating Fran De Aquino Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

The Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones LING LING LIU AND WEI WANG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and environments. 1. Introduction Although oceans receive a huge amount of thermal energy, such energy cannot be efficiently converted into mechanical energy because the ocean is heated and cooled from the same geopotentialThe Mechanical Energy Input to the Ocean Induced by Tropical Cyclones LING LING LIU AND WEI WANG

Huang, Rui Xin

210

Fusion reactions in multicomponent dense matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze thermonuclear and pycnonuclear fusion reactions in dense matter containing atomic nuclei of different types. We extend a phenomenological expression for the reaction rate, proposed recently by Gasques et al. [Phys. Rev. C 72, 025806 (2005)] for the one-component plasma of nuclei, to the multicomponent plasma. The expression contains several fit parameters which we adjust to reproduce the best microscopic calculations available in the literature. Furthermore, we show that pycnonuclear burning is drastically affected by an (unknown) structure of the multicomponent matter (a regular lattice, a uniform mix, etc.). We apply the results to study nuclear burning in a 12C-16O mixture. In this context, we present new calculations of the astrophysical S factors for carbon-oxygen and oxygen-oxygen fusion reactions. We show that the presence of a C-O lattice can strongly suppress carbon ignition in white dwarf cores and neutron star crusts at densities ??3×109 g cm-3 and temperatures T?108 K.

D. G. Yakovlev; L. R. Gasques; A. V. Afanasjev; M. Beard; M. Wiescher

2006-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

211

Packing frustration in dense confined fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Packing frustration for confined fluids, i.e., the incompatibility between the preferred packing of the fluid particles and the packing constraints imposed by the confining surfaces, is studied for a dense hard-sphere fluid confined between planar hard surfaces at short separations. The detailed mechanism for the frustration is investigated via an analysis of the anisotropic pair distributions of the confined fluid, as obtained from integral equation theory for inhomogeneous fluids at pair correlation level within the anisotropic Percus-Yevick approximation. By examining the mean forces that arise from interparticle collisions around the periphery of each particle in the slit, we calculate the principal components of the mean force for the density profile - each component being the sum of collisional forces on a particle's hemisphere facing either surface. The variations of these components with the slit width give rise to rather intricate changes in the layer structure between the surfaces, but, as shown in this paper, the basis of these variations can be easily understood qualitatively and often also semi-quantitatively. It is found that the ordering of the fluid is in essence governed locally by the packing constraints at each single solid-fluid interface. A simple superposition of forces due to the presence of each surface gives surprisingly good estimates of the density profiles, but there remain nontrivial confinement effects that cannot be explained by superposition, most notably the magnitude of the excess adsorption of particles in the slit relative to bulk.

Kim Nygård; Sten Sarman; Roland Kjellander

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

212

Solar, geomagnetic and cosmic ray intensity changes, preceding the cyclone appearances around Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently it has been suggested that there exist specific changes in the cosmic ray intensity and some solar and geomagnetic parameters during the days, preceding the hurricane appearances over the North Atlantic Ocean. To understand better these phenomena, data for all hurricanes born not only over the Atlantic but also over the Pacific waters in the last 55 years that hit the Mexican borders were elaborated. As basic hurricane parameters the maximum rotational velocity and the estimated total energy were used. To avoid any interference all hurricanes, overlapping the preceding ones with more than 20 days were not included. Then the behavior of the cosmic ray (CR) intensity, the sunspot (SS) numbers, and the geomagnetic parameters (AP) and (KP) in 35 days prior and 20 days after the cyclone start were investigated. The CR, SS, AP and KP showed much more intensive disturbances in the periods preceding and following the hurricane appearance. For SS this disturbance gradually increase with the hurricane strength. A characteristic peak in the CR intensity appears before the hurricane start. But its place varies between 5 and 20 days before that start. Specific changes were observed in the SS. For major hurricanes they begins sometimes more than 20 days in advance. The AP and the KP show series of bursts, spread over the whole period of 30 preceding days. The obtained results from the performed correlational analysis are enough interesting to motivate a further statistical analysis with more precise techniques: in particular a common periodicity of 30 years found in the number of tropical storms landing into Mexico, the averaged rotational wind velocity and the ACE must be studied in connection with the solar Hale cycle. Using coherence wavelet spectral analysis we present a comparative study between one terrestrial and one cosmophysical phenomena that presumable influence hurricanes development: African dust outbreaks versus cosmic rays for all North Atlantic tropical cyclones. It is shown that the cosmophysical influence cannot be considered as a negligible effect.

J. Pérez-Peraza; S. Kavlakov; V. Velasco; A. Gallegos-Cruz; E. Azpra-Romero; O. Delgado-Delgado; F. Villicaña-Cruz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Future Changes in the Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity Projected by a Multidecadal Simulation with a 16-km Global Atmospheric GCM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the northwestern Pacific might change in a future climate is assessed using multidecadal Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP)-style and time-slice simulations with the ECMWF Integrated Forecast ...

Julia V. Manganello; Kevin I. Hodges; Brandt Dirmeyer; James L. Kinter III; Benjamin A. Cash; Lawrence Marx; Thomas Jung; Deepthi Achuthavarier; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Dynamical Simulations of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Using Observed Low-Frequency SST Oscillation Imposed on CMIP5 Model RCP4.5 SST Projections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects on early and late twenty-first-century North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics resulting from imposing the patterns of maximum/minimum phases of the observed Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO) onto projected sea surface ...

Timothy E. LaRow; Lydia Stefanova; Chana Seitz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Exploration of the meteorological characteristics leading to the rapid cessation of cloud-to-ground lightning in winter cyclones along the East Coast of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intense winter East Coast cyclones are capable of producing large amounts of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning. Few studies have thoroughly investigated winter lightning in the eastern United States. A phenomena common to most of these storms is a...

Demetriades, Nicholas William Snow

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Simulation of tropical-cyclone-like vortices in shallow-water ICON-hex using goal-oriented r-adaptivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate how efficient r-adapted grids for the prediction of tropical cyclone (TC) tracks can be constructed with the help of goal-oriented error estimates. The binary interaction of TCs in a barotropic mod...

Werner Bauer; Martin Baumann…

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Global Identification of Previously Undetected Pre-Satellite-Era Tropical Cyclone Candidates in NOAA/CIRES Twentieth-Century Reanalysis Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prior to the satellite era, limited synoptic observation networks led to an indefinite number of tropical cyclones (TCs) remaining undetected. This period of decreased confidence in the TC climatological record includes the first two-thirds of the ...

Ryan E. Truchelut; Robert E. Hart; Briana Luthman

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Synoptic-Scale Environments of Predecessor Rain Events Occurring East of the Rocky Mountains in Association with Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The synoptic-scale environments of predecessor rain events (PREs) occurring to the east of the Rocky Mountains in association with Atlantic basin tropical cyclones (TCs) are examined. PREs that occurred during 1988–2010 are subjectively classified ...

Benjamin J. Moore; Lance F. Bosart; Daniel Keyser; Michael L. Jurewicz

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Dense Plasma in Z-pinches and the Plasma Focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments in controlled thermonuclear fusion research were Z-pinches...field pinch. But, at fusion temperatures and with...scaling law, but the thermonuclear origin of the neutrons...Z-pinch to attain dense fusion plasmas which might...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Stochastic and deterministic models for dense granular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granular materials such as sand or gravel surround us everyday and yet remain poorly understood. In this thesis, two models are developed for dense granular flow, each capable of predicting flows with accuracy in multiple ...

Kamrin, Kenneth Norman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Emission of Visible Light by Hot Dense Metals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIFAN 1761 EMISSION OF VISIBLE LIGHT BY HOT DENSE METALS ByDE-AC52-07NA27344. HI FAN Emission of Visible Light by HotABSTRACT We consider the emission of visible light by hot

More, R.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Thomson Scattering from Warm Dense Matter W. R. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thomson Scattering from Warm Dense Matter W. R. Johnson University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame in cell method. Email addresses: johnson@nd.edu (W. R. Johnson), nilsen1@llnl.gov (J. Nilsen), ktcheng

Johnson, Walter R.

223

IR Spectra of Dense Xenon and Argon Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results are presented of experimental studies of IR radiation spectra of dense Xe and Ar shock compressed plasmas. The radiation cutoff is found at the wavelength ??1?mThe experimental data are interpreted...

V. E. Fortov; M. U. Kulish; V. B. Mintsev; J. Ortner…

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

SUPPORTED DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES FOR OXYGEN SEPARATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixed-conducting membranes have the ability to conduct oxygen with perfect selectivity at elevated temperatures, which makes them an extremely attractive alternative for oxygen separation and membrane reactor applications. The ability to reliably fabricate these membranes in thin or thick films would enable solid-state divisional limitations to be minimized, thus providing higher oxygen flux. Based on that motivation, the overall objective for this project is to develop and demonstrate a strategy for the fabrication of supported Wick film ceramic mixed conducting membranes, and improve the understanding of the fundamental issues associated with reliable fabrication of these membranes. The project has focused on the mixed-conducting ceramic composition SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} because of its superior permeability and stability in reducing atmospheres. The fabrication strategy employed involves the deposition of SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} thick films onto porous supports of the same composition. In the second year of this project, we completed characterization of the sintering and phase behavior of the porous SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} supports, leading to a standard support fabrication methodology. Using a doctor blade method, pastes made from aerosol-derived SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} powder dispersed with polyethylene glycol were applied to the supports, and the sintering behavior of the thick film membranes was examined in air and nitrogen atmospheres. It has been demonstrated that the desired crystalline phase content can be produced in the membranes, and that the material in the membrane layer can be highly densified without densifying the underlying support. However, considerable cracking and opening of the film occurred when films densified to a high extent. The addition of MgO into the SrCo{sub 0.5}FeO{sub x} supports was shown to inhibit support sintering so that temperatures up to 1300 C, where significant liquid formation occurs, could be used for film sintering. This successfully reduced cracking, however the films retained open porosity. The investigation of this concept will be continued in the final year of the project. Investigation of a metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method for defect mending in dense membranes was also initiated. An appropriate metal organic precursor (iron tetramethylheptanedionate) was identified whose deposition can be controlled by access to oxygen at temperatures in the 280-300 C range. Initial experiments have deposited iron oxide, but only on the membrane surface; thus refinement of this method will continue.

Timothy L. Ward

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

225

The development of a cyclonic combustor for high particulate, low caloric value gas produced by a fluidized bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods, utilizing a biomass source, are: combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, and bio-degradation processes. Direct combustion is envisioned as the most immediately available conversion technology. However, there is considerable interest... the combustion of a low caloric value (LCV) and high particulate gas. Performance tests were conducted to verify the cyclone combustor design flexibility by identifying satisfactory performance characteristics. The LCV gas was produced from the gasification...

Cardenas, Manuel Moises

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Treatment of methyl t-butyl ether contaminated water using a dense medium plasma reactor, a mechanistic and kinetic investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a mechanistic and kinetic investigation Derek C. Johnson1 , Vasgen A. Shamamian2 , John H. Callahan2 , Ferencz S in the future remediation of water. Chemical and physical mechanisms, together with carbon balances, are used

Dandy, David

227

Gas reburning in tangentially-fired, wall-fired and cyclone-fired boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Reburning has been successfully demonstrated for over 4,428 hours on three coal fired utility boilers as of March 31, 1994. Typically, NO{sub x} reductions have been above 60% in long-term, load-following operation. The thermal performance of the boilers has been virtually unaffected by Gas Reburning. At Illinois Power`s Hennepin Station, Gas Reburning in a 71 MWe tangentially-fired boiler achieved an average NO{sub x} reduction of 67% from the original baseline NO{sub x} level of 0.75 lb NO{sub x}/10{sup 6} Btu over a one year period. The nominal natural gas input was 18% of total heat input. Even at 10% gas heat input, NO{sub x} reduction of 55% was achieved. At Public Service Company of Colorado`s Cherokee Station, a Gas Reburning-Low NO{sub x} Burner system on a 172 MWe wall-fired boiler has achieved overall NO{sub x} reductions of 60--73% in parametric and long-term testing, based on the original baseline NO{sub x} level of 0.73 lb/10{sup 6} Btu. NO{sub x} reduction is as high as 60--65% even at relatively low natural gas usage (5--10% of total heat input). The NO{sub x} reduction by Low NO{sub x} Burners alone is typically 30--40%. NO{sub x} reduction has been found to be insensitive to changes in recirculated flue gas (2--7% of total flue gas) injected with natural gas. At City Water, Light and Power Company`s Lakeside Station in Springfield, Illinois, Gas Reburning in a 33 MWe cyclone-fired boiler has achieved an average NO{sub x} reduction of 66% (range 52--77%) at gas heat inputs of 20--26% in long-term testing, based on a baseline NO{sub x} level of 1.0 lb/10{sup 6} Btu (430 mg/MJ). This paper presents a summary of the operating experience at each site and discusses the long term impacts of applying this technology to units with tangential, cyclone and wall-fired (with Low NO{sub x} Burner) configurations.

May, T.J. [Illinois Power Co., Decatur, IL (United States); Rindahl, E.G. [Public Service Co. of Colorado, Denver, CO (United States); Booker, T. [City Water Light and Power, Springfield, IL (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

228

Energy flow along the medium-induced parton cascade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the dynamics of parton cascades that develop in dense QCD matter, and contrast their properties with those of similar cascades of gluon radiation in vacuum. We argue that such cascades belong to two distinct classes that are characterized respectively by an increasing or a constant (or decreasing) branching rate along the cascade. In the former class, of which the BDMPS, medium-induced, cascade constitutes a typical example, it takes a finite time to transport a finite amount of energy to very soft quanta, while this time is essentially infinite in the latter case, to which the DGLAP cascade belongs. The medium induced cascade is accompanied by a constant flow of energy towards arbitrary soft modes, leading eventually to the accumulation of the initial energy of the leading particle at zero energy. It also exhibits scaling properties akin to wave turbulence. These properties do not show up in the cascade that develops in vacuum. There, the energy accumulates in the spectrum at smaller and smaller e...

Blaizot, Jean-Paul

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Parton fragmentation in the vacuum and in the medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the mini-proceedings of the workshop on ``Parton fragmentation in the vacuum and in the medium'' held at the European Centre for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas (ECT*, Trento) in February 2008. The workshop gathered both theorists and experimentalists to discuss the current status of investigations of quark and gluon fragmentation into hadrons at different accelerator facilities (LEP, B-factories, JLab, HERA, RHIC, and Tevatron) as well as preparations for extension of these studies at the LHC. The main physics topics covered were: (i) light-quark and gluon fragmentation in the vacuum including theoretical (global fits analyses and MLLA) and experimental (data from e+e-, p-p, e-p collisions) aspects, (ii) strange and heavy-quark fragmentation, (iii) parton fragmentation in cold QCD matter (nuclear DIS), and (iv) medium-modified fragmentation in hot and dense QCD matter (high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions). These mini-proceedings consist of an introduction and short summ...

Albino, S; Arleo, F; Besson, D; Brooks, W; Buschbeck, B; Cacciari, M; Christova, E; Corcella, G; d'Enterria, D; Dolejsi, J; Domdey, S; Estienne, M; Hamacher, K; Heinz, M; Hicks, K; Kettler, D; Kumano, S; Moch, S -O; Muccifora, V; Pacetti, S; Perez-Ramos, R; Pirner, H -J; Pronko, A; Radici, M; Rak, J; Roland, C; Rudolph, G; Rurikova, Z; Salgado, C A; Sapeta, S; Saxon, D H; Seidl, R; Seuster, R; Stratmann, M; Tannenbaum, M J; Tasevsky, M; Trainor, T; Traynor, D; Werlen, M; Zhou, C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Parton fragmentation in the vacuum and in the medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the mini-proceedings of the workshop on ``Parton fragmentation in the vacuum and in the medium'' held at the European Centre for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas (ECT*, Trento) in February 2008. The workshop gathered both theorists and experimentalists to discuss the current status of investigations of quark and gluon fragmentation into hadrons at different accelerator facilities (LEP, B-factories, JLab, HERA, RHIC, and Tevatron) as well as preparations for extension of these studies at the LHC. The main physics topics covered were: (i) light-quark and gluon fragmentation in the vacuum including theoretical (global fits analyses and MLLA) and experimental (data from e+e-, p-p, e-p collisions) aspects, (ii) strange and heavy-quark fragmentation, (iii) parton fragmentation in cold QCD matter (nuclear DIS), and (iv) medium-modified fragmentation in hot and dense QCD matter (high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions). These mini-proceedings consist of an introduction and short summaries of the talks presented at the meeting.

S. Albino; F. Anulli; F. Arleo; D. Besson; W. Brooks; B. Buschbeck; M. Cacciari; E. Christova; G. Corcella; D. d'Enterria; J. Dolejsi; S. Domdey; M. Estienne; K. Hamacher; M. Heinz; K. Hicks; D. Kettler; S. Kumano; S. -O. Moch; V. Muccifora; S. Pacetti; R. Perez-Ramos; H. -J. Pirner; A. Pronko; M. Radici; J. Rak; C. Roland; G. Rudolph; Z. Rurikova; C. A. Salgado; S. Sapeta; D. H. Saxon; R. Seidl; R. Seuster; M. Stratmann; M. J. Tannenbaum; M. Tasevsky; T. Trainor; D. Traynor; M. Werlen; C. Zhou

2008-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

231

Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Simulations Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Berkeley Lab research could help scientists predict how carbon is stored underground August 22, 2013 | Tags: Earth Sciences, Geosciences Dan Krotz 510-486-4019 dakrotz@lbl.gov red2.jpg Artistic rendition of liquid-liquid separation in a supersaturated calcium carbonate solution. New research suggests that a dense liquid phase (shown in red in the background and in full atomistic detail based on computer simulations in the foreground) forms at the onset of calcium carbonate crystallization. (Credit: Berkeley Lab) Computer simulations conducted at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) could help scientists

232

Collaborative Research: Neutrinos & Nucleosynthesis in Hot Dense Matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is now firmly established that neutrinos, which are copiously produced in the hot and dense core of the supernova, play a role in the supernova explosion mechanism and in the synthesis of heavy elements through a phenomena known as r-process nucleosynthesis. They are also detectable in terrestrial neutrino experiments, and serve as a probe of the extreme environment and complex dynamics encountered in the supernova. The major goal of the UW research activity relevant to this project was to calculate the neutrino interaction rates in hot and dense matter of relevance to core collapse supernova. These serve as key input physics in large scale computer simulations of the supernova dynamics and nucleosynthesis being pursued at national laboratories here in the United States and by other groups in Europe and Japan. Our calculations show that neutrino production and scattering rate are altered by the nuclear interactions and that these modifications have important implications for nucleosynthesis and terrestrial neutrino detection. The calculation of neutrino rates in dense matter are difficult because nucleons in the dense matter are strongly coupled. A neutrino interacts with several nucleons and the quantum interference between scattering off different nucleons depends on the nature of correlations between them in dense matter. To describe these correlations we used analytic methods based on mean field theory and hydrodynamics, and computational methods such as Quantum Monte Carlo. We found that due to nuclear effects neutrino production rates at relevant temperatures are enhanced, and that electron neutrinos are more easily absorbed than anti-electron neutrinos in dense matter. The latter, was shown to favor synthesis of heavy neutron-rich elements in the supernova.

Reddy, Sanjay

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

233

What does the rho-meson do? In-medium mass shift scenarios versus hadronic model calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The NA60 experiment has studied low-mass muon pair production in In-In collisions at $158 {\\rm AGeV}$ with unprecedented precision. With these results there is hope that the in-medium modifications of the vector meson spectral function can be constrained more thoroughly than before. We investigate in particular what can be learned about collisional broadening by a hot and dense medium and what constrains the experimental results put on in-medium mass shift scenarios. The data show a clear indication of considerable in-medium broadening effects but disfavor mass shift scenarios where the $\\rho$-meson mass scales with the square root of the chiral condensate. Scaling scenarios which predict at finite density a dropping of the $\\rho$-meson mass that is stronger than that of the quark condensate are clearly ruled out since they are also accompanied by a sharpening of the spectral function.

Jorg Ruppert; Thorsten Renk

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

234

Jet Fragmentation in Medium and Vacuum with the PHENIX Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most active areas of investigation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is the study of the jet quenching phenomenon whereby hard partons lose their energy as they traverse the hot, dense matter created in such collisions. Strong parton energy loss has been observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions as evidenced by the a large suppression of the yield of high pT hadrons as compared to the expected yield based on measurements in p+p collisions. Moreover, measurements of back-to-back correlations of charged hadrons suggest that jet shapes are strongly modified modified by the medium. The quantitative interpretation of single and di-hadron measurements is, however, complicated by the fact that the initial parton energy is unknown. A more informative measurement would be one in which the initial parton energy is known, allowing the determination of the fragmentation function, which may be effectively modified from its vacuum form by the presence of the medium. Two measurements in which the initial parton energy may be estimated are discussed in these proceedings: jet reconstruction and two- particle correlations using direct photons. Jet reconstruction in nuclear collisions is challenging due to the large background of soft particles, fluctuations of which give rise to fake jets. Direct photons can be used to estimate the initial parton energy of the recoil jet without recourse to jet reconstruction algorithms. However, such studies suffer from a smaller rate and the direct photon signal must be disentangled from a large background of decay photons. We present jet reconstruction results which use an algorithm suitable for a high multiplicity environment. We also present results of two-particle correlations using direct photons. These results are discussed in the context of medium modification to the fragmentation function.

Matthew Nguyen for the PHENIX Collaboration

2010-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

235

Dense Fast Random Projections and Lean Walsh Edo Liberty ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dense Fast Random Projections and Lean Walsh Transforms Edo Liberty , , Nir Ailon , and Amit Singer , Abstract. Random projection methods give distributions over k Ã? d matrices such that if a matrix (chosen Projections, Lean Walsh Transforms, Johnson Lin- denstrauss, Dimension reduction. 1 Introduction

Singer, Amit

236

Identifying Energy Waste through Dense Power Sensing and Utilization Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying Energy Waste through Dense Power Sensing and Utilization Monitoring Maria Kazandjieva the efficiency of such a computing system requires detailed data of both en- ergy consumption and energy waste to differentiate energy used well from energy waste. This is an important difference from pre- vious work [8, 14

Stanford University

237

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense Wireless Sensor Networks Min Chen, Taekyoung Kwon, Shiwen Mao, + Yong Yuan, Victor C.M. Leung* Department of Electrical and Computer@snu.ac.kr Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Auburn University, 200 Broun Hall, Auburn, AL 36849

Chen, Min

238

Atmospheric Plasma Deposited Dense Silica Coatings on Plastics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric Plasma Deposited Dense Silica Coatings on Plastics ... (8) Finally, some plasma techniques including atmospheric plasmas work at low gas temperature, are suitable for treating plastics with low glass transition temperatures, and can even be used on biological samples. ... These results suggest that the mechanism in the atm.-pressure plasma is the same as that in low-pressure plasmas. ...

Linying Cui; Alpana N. Ranade; Marvi A. Matos; Liam S. Pingree; Theo J. Frot; Geraud Dubois; Reinhold H. Dauskardt

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

Engineering A polymer brush is a dense monolayer of highly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method to produce dense polymer brushes on nanoparticles. Such particles have proven to be extremely effective emulsifying agents by virtue of their high affinity adsorption to oil droplet/water interfaces for use as emulsifiers or as environmental remediation agents, and the development of surfactant systems

240

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AVOIDING FAMILIES AND TUKEY FUNCTIONS ON THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL S_LAWOMIR SOLECKI AND STEVO TODORCEVIC Abstract. We investigate Tukey functions from of Isbell and Fremlin by showing that this ideal is not Tukey reducible to the ideal of density zero

Solecki, Slawomir

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Hugoniot measurements of double-shocked precompressed dense xenon plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current partially ionized plasmas models for xenon show substantial differences since the description of pressure and thermal ionization region becomes a formidable task, prompting the need for an improved understanding of dense xenon plasmas behavior at above 100 GPa. We performed double-shock compression experiments on dense xenon to determine accurately the Hugoniot up to 172 GPa using a time-resolved optical radiation method. The planar strong shock wave was produced using a flyer plate impactor accelerated up to ?6 km/s with a two-stage light-gas gun. The time-resolved optical radiation histories were acquired by using a multiwavelength channel optical transience radiance pyrometer. Shock velocity was measured and mass velocity was determined by the impedance-matching methods. The experimental equation of state of dense xenon plasmas are compared with the self-consistent fluid variational calculations of dense xenon in the region of partial ionization over a wide range of pressures and temperatures.

J. Zheng, Q. F. Chen, Y. J. Gu, and Z. Y. Chen

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

Soft X-Ray Spectroscopic Study of Dense Strontium-Doped Lanthanum...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Soft X-Ray Spectroscopic Study of Dense Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications. Soft X-Ray Spectroscopic Study of Dense Strontium-Doped...

243

Dense Plasma X-ray Scattering: Methods and Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed accurate x-ray scattering techniques to measure the physical properties of dense plasmas. Temperature and density are inferred from inelastic x-ray scattering data whose interpretation is model-independent for low to moderately coupled systems. Specifically, the spectral shape of the non-collective Compton scattering spectrum directly reflects the electron velocity distribution. In partially Fermi degenerate systems that have been investigated experimentally in laser shock-compressed beryllium, the Compton scattering spectrum provides the Fermi energy and hence the electron density. We show that forward scattering spectra that observe collective plasmon oscillations yield densities in agreement with Compton scattering. In addition, electron temperatures inferred from the dispersion of the plasmon feature are consistent with the ion temperature sensitive elastic scattering feature. Hence, theoretical models of the static ion-ion structure factor and consequently the equation of state of dense matter can be directly tested.

Glenzer, S H; Lee, H J; Davis, P; Doppner, T; Falcone, R W; Fortmann, C; Hammel, B A; Kritcher, A L; Landen, O L; Lee, R W; Munro, D H; Redmer, R; Weber, S

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

244

Energy levels of a heavy ion moving in dense plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the potential of a slowly moving test particle moving in collisional dense plasmas is studied. It is composed of the Debye-shielding potential, wake potential, and collision term. The Ritz variational-perturbational method is developed for calculating relativistic binding energy levels of a heavy ion moving in dense plasmas. Binding energy levels of a heavy ion moving in plasmas are calculated. The results show that both non-relativistic energy levels and relativistic energy levels become more negative as the temperature becomes high. They also become more negative as the number density decreasing. Relativistic correction is important for calculating binding energy levels. Both relativistic energy levels and non-relativistic energy levels vary minutely as the speed of heavy ion varies.

Hu, Hongwei; Chen, Wencong [Department of Physics, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu 476000 (China)] [Department of Physics, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu 476000 (China); Zhao, Yongtao [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)] [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Li, Fuli [Department of Applied Physics, Xian Jiao-Tong University, Xian 710049 (China)] [Department of Applied Physics, Xian Jiao-Tong University, Xian 710049 (China); Dong, Chenzhong [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China)] [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Collective waves in dense and confined microfluidic droplet arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Excitation mechanisms for collective waves in confined dense one-dimensional microfluidic droplet arrays are investigated by experiments and computer simulations. We demonstrate that distinct modes can be excited by creating specific `defect' patterns in flowing droplet trains. Excited longitudinal modes exhibit a short-lived cascade of pairs of laterally displacing droplets. Transversely excited modes obey the dispersion relation of microfluidic phonons and induce a coupling between longitudinal and transverse modes, whose origin is the hydrodynamic interaction of the droplets with the confining walls. Moreover, we investigate the long-time behaviour of the oscillations and discuss possible mechanisms for the onset of instabilities. Our findings demonstrate that the collective dynamics of microfluidic droplet ensembles can be studied particularly well in dense and confined systems. Experimentally, the ability to control microfluidic droplets may allow to modulate the refractive index of optofluidic crystals which is a promising approach for the production of dynamically programmable metamaterials.

Ulf D. Schiller; Jean-Baptiste Fleury; Ralf Seemann; Gerhard Gompper

2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

Method for making dense crack free thin films  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The process described herein provides a simple and cost effective method for making crack free, high density thin ceramic film. The steps involve depositing a layer of a ceramic material on a porous or dense substrate. The deposited layer is compacted and then the resultant laminate is sintered to achieve a higher density than would have been possible without the pre-firing compaction step.

Jacobson, Craig P. (Lafayette, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); De Jonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

247

Compacting Plastic-Bonded Explosive Molding Powders to Dense Solids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dense solid high explosives are made by compacting plastic-bonded explosive molding powders with high pressures and temperatures for extended periods of time. The density is influenced by manufacturing processes of the powders, compaction temperature, the magnitude of compaction pressure, pressure duration, and number of repeated applications of pressure. The internal density variation of compacted explosives depends on method of compaction and the material being compacted.

B. Olinger

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Enrichment of the Intracluster Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relevance of galaxies of different luminosity and mass for the chemical enrichment of the intracluster medium (ICM) is analysed. For this purpose, I adopt the composite luminosity function of cluster galaxies from Trentham (1998), which exhibits a significant rise at the very faint end. The model - adopting a universal Salpeter IMF - is calibrated on reproducing the M_Fe/L_tot, M_Fe/M_*, and alpha/Fe ratios observed in clusters. Although the contribution to total luminosity and ICM metals peaks around L* galaxies (M* approx -20), faint objects with M_B>-18 still provide at least 30 per cent of the metals present in the ICM. In consistency with the solar alpha/Fe ratios determined by {ASCA}, the model predicts that 60 per cent of the ICM iron comes from Type Ia supernovae. The predicted slope of the relation between intracluster gas mass and cluster luminosity emerges shallower than the observed one, indicating that the fraction of primordial gas increases with cluster richness.

D. Thomas

1998-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Tropical Cyclone Simulation and Response to CO2 Doubling in the GFDL CM2.5 High-Resolution Coupled Climate Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global tropical cyclone (TC) activity is simulated by the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) Climate Model, version 2.5 (CM2.5), which is a fully coupled global climate model with a horizontal resolution of about 50 km for the atmosphere ...

Hyeong-Seog Kim; Gabriel A. Vecchi; Thomas R. Knutson; Whit G. Anderson; Thomas L. Delworth; Anthony Rosati; Fanrong Zeng; Ming Zhao

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Assimilation of high-resolution tropical cyclone observations with an Ensemble Kalman Filter Using HEDAS: Evaluation of 2008-2011 HWRF forecasts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NOAA has been gathering high-resolution flight-level, dropwindsonde and airborne Doppler radar data in tropical cyclones for almost three decades; the U.S. Air Force routinely obtained the same type and quality of data, excepting Doppler radar, ...

Sim D. Aberson; Altu? Aksoy; Kathryn J. Sellwood; Tomislava Vukicevic; Xuejin Zhang

251

Saturn's north polar cyclone and hexagon at depth revealed by Cassini/VIMS Kevin H. Baines a,, Thomas W. Momary a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saturn's north polar cyclone and hexagon at depth revealed by Cassini/VIMS Kevin H. Baines a Keywords: Saturn Cassini­Huygens Visual-infrared mapping spectrometer (VIMS) Atmospheric dynamics Polar has been revealed by the visual- infrared mapping spectrometer (VIMS) onboard the Cassini

252

Medium Effects on the Rho-Meson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The property of a rho meson in dense nuclear matter is studied using the QCD sum rule. The spectral function appearing on the hadronic side of the sum rule is evaluated in the vector dominance model that takes into account the interaction between...

Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Chiral Restoration in a Nuclear Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nuclei and nuclear collisions. At the future Accelerator Facility...Structure of the Vacuum and Elementary...GSI future accelerator facility...antiprotons In a nuclear medium the...function for the vacuum production...mesons in a nuclear medium. With the accelerator facility...Structure of the Vacuum and Elementary......

Paul Kienle

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Interaction of graphite with a hot, dense deuterium plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The erosion of ATJ-S graphite caused by a hot, dense deuterium plasma has been investigated experimentally. The plasma was produced in an electromagnetic shock tube. Plasma characteristics were typically: ion temperature approx. = 800 eV (approx. 1 x 10/sup 7/ /sup 0/K), number density approx. = 10/sup 16//cm/sup 3/, and transverse magnetic field approx. = 1 tesla. The energetic ion flux, phi, to the sample surfaces was approx. 10/sup 23/ ions/cm/sup 2/-sec for a single pulse duration of approx. 0.1 usec. Sample surfaces were metallographically prepared and examined with a scanning electron microscope before and after exposure.

Desko, J.C. Jr.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Coupling Lattice Boltzmann and Molecular Dynamics models for dense fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a hybrid model, coupling Lattice Boltzmann and Molecular Dynamics models, for the simulation of dense fluids. Time and length scales are decoupled by using an iterative Schwarz domain decomposition algorithm. The MD and LB formulations communicate via the exchange of velocities and velocity gradients at the interface. We validate the present LB-MD model in simulations of flows of liquid argon past and through a carbon nanotube. Comparisons with existing hybrid algorithms and with reference MD solutions demonstrate the validity of the present approach.

A. Dupuis; E. M. Kotsalis; P. Koumoutsakos

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Nonlinear elasto-plastic model for dense granular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work proposes a model for granular deformation that predicts the stress and velocity profiles in well-developed dense granular flows. Recent models for granular elasticity (Jiang and Liu 2003) and rate-sensitive plastic flow (Jop et al. 2006) are reformulated and combined into one universal granular continuum law, capable of predicting flowing regions and stagnant zones simultaneously in any arbitrary 3D flow geometry. The unification is performed by justifying and implementing a Kroner-Lee elasto-plastic decomposition, with care taken to ensure certain continuum physical principles are necessarily upheld. The model is then numerically implemented in multiple geometries and results are compared to experiments and discrete simulations.

Ken Kamrin

2009-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

Comparative Characteristics of Four Small Dense Plasma Focus Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four small (in the energy range 2–7 kJ) dense plasma focus devices were elaborated and put into operation in the last several years: ING?103 DPF?10 PF?5M and DPF?6. Each device has its own parameters (energy current rise?time and magnitude pulse duration of ionizing radiation of different types weight etc.) and together with the specific discharge chambers they are optimized for various applications. Comparative description of functioning parameters of these devices together with the results of the most successful applications is presented in the report.

A. V. Dubrovsky; V. A. Gribkov; V. N. Pimenov; M. Scholz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

High contrast radiography using a small dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radiographs are obtained with a small ( 4.6 kJ ) dense plasma focus machine using the x-rays which cross a 300 ? m aluminum window on the axis. Contrast is improved by inserting an iron needle on the tip of the electrode. Measurements with TLD-100 dosimeters have shown the average dose to increase from 0.077 ± 0.006 mGy /shot when a hollow cathode is used to 0.11 ± 0.01 mGy /shot with the needle. The spectrum is estimated using aluminum filters and the effective equivalent energy is found to be in the range of 20 – 25 keV .

F. Castillo; I. Gamboa-deBuen; J. J. E. Herrera; J. Rangel; S. Villalobos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Bypassing the malfunction junction in warm dense matter simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of warm dense matter requires computational methods that capture both quantum and classical behavior efficiently under high-temperature, high-density conditions. Currently, density functional theory molecular dynamics is used to model electrons and ions, but this method's computational cost skyrockets as temperatures and densities increase. We propose finite-temperature potential functional theory as an in-principle-exact alternative that suffers no such drawback. We derive an orbital-free free energy approximation through a coupling-constant formalism. Our density approximation and its associated free energy approximation demonstrate the method's accuracy and efficiency.

Cangi, Attila

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The rheology and microstructure of dense suspensions of elastic capsules.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a recently developed hybrid numerical technique [MacMeccan et al. (2009)] that combines a lattice-Boltzmann (LB) fluid solver with a finite element (FE) solid-phase solver to study suspensions of elastic capsules. The LB method recovers the Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics, while the linear FE method models the deformation of fluid-filled elastic capsules for moderate levels of deformation. The simulation results focus on accurately describing the suspension rheology, including the particle pressure, and relating these changes to changes in the microstructure. Simulations are performed with hundreds of particles in unbounded shear allowing an accurate description of the bulk suspension rheology and microstructure. In contrast to rigid spherical particles, elastic capsules are capable of producing normal stresses in the dilute limit. For dense suspensions, the first normal stress difference is of particular interest. The first normal stress difference, which is negative for dense rigid spherical suspensions, undergoes a sign change at moderate levels of deformation of the suspended capsules.

Reasor, Daniel (Georgia Institute of Tecnnology); Clausen, Jonathan; Aidun, Cyrus (Georgia Institute of Tecnnology)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Method to prepare nanoparticles on porous mediums  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method to prepare porous medium decorated with nanoparticles involves contacting a suspension of nanoparticles in an ionic liquid with a porous medium such that the particles diffuse into the pores of the medium followed by heating the resulting composition to a temperature equal to or greater than the thermal decomposition temperature of the ionic liquid resulting in the removal of the liquid portion of the suspension. The nanoparticles can be a metal, an alloy, or a metal compound. The resulting compositions can be used as catalysts, sensors, or separators.

Vieth, Gabriel M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Dudney, Nancy J. (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Dai, Sheng (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

262

Co-combustion of refuse derived fuel and coal in a cyclone furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C. P. Crane Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a prohibition order to convert from No. 6 oil to coal; as a result, it was desirable to demonstrate that RDF, which has a low sulfur content, can be burned in combination with coals containing up to 2% sulfur, thus reducing overall sulfur emissions without deleterious effects. Each furnace consists of four cyclones capable of generating 1,360,000 pounds per hour steam. The tertiary air inlet of one of the cyclones was modified with an adapter to permit fluff RDF to be pneumatically blown into the cyclone. At the same time, coal was fed into the cyclone furnace through the normal coal feeding duct, where it entered the burning chamber tangentially and mixed with the RDF during the burning process. Secondary shredded fluff RDF was prepared by the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility. The RDF was discharged into a receiving station consisting of a belt conveyor discharging into a lump breaker, which in turn, fed the RDF into a pneumatic line through an air-lock feeder. A total of 2316 tons were burned at an average rate of 5.6 tons per hour. The average heat replacement by RDF for the cyclone was 25%, based on Btu input for a period of forty days. The range of RDF burned was from 3 to 10 tons per hour, or 7 to 63% heat replacement. The average analysis of the RDF (39 samples) for moisture, ash, heat (HHV) and sulfur content were 18.9%, 13.4%, 6296 Btu/lb and 0.26% respectively. RDF used in the test was secondary shredded through 1-1/2 inch grates producing the particle size distribution of from 2 inches to .187 inches. Findings to date after inspection of the boiler and superheater indicate satisfactory results with no deleterious effects from the RDF.

Not Available

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A MODEL FOR POROUS-MEDIUM COMBUSTION  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......these applied in coal combustion appears in...understanding of the chemistry of combustion...GLASSMAN, Combustion (Academic Press...ESSENHIGH, In Chemistry of Coal Utilization...POROUS-MEDIUM COMBUSTION 177 8. D. A......

J. NORBURY; A. M. STUART

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cognitive Medium Access: Exploration, Exploitation and Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cognitive Medium Access: Exploration, Exploitation and Competition Lifeng Lai, Hesham El Gamal, Hai Jiang and H. Vincent Poor Abstract-- This paper establishes the equivalence between cognitive cognitive user wishes to opportunistically exploit the availability of empty fre- quency bands

El-Gamal, Hesham

265

Nonexponential relaxations in dense microemulsion near the glasslike transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extensive quasielastic-light-scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, and neutron-spin-echo (NSE) spectroscopic measurements have been performed on a three-component microemulsion system containing bis(2-ethylhexylsulfosuccinate) (AOT) (surfactant), D2O, and decane (oil) at two temperatures in the one-phase region. By fixing the molar ratio of water to AOT at w=40.61, the average radius of spherical surfactant coated water droplets can be maintained at 58 A? with a polydispersity index of 22%. The volume fraction ? of the droplets can be continuously varied from 0.1 to 0.75, spanning the entire range from the dilute gas all the way to the close-packed glass by adjusting the oil content of the microemulsion. The static structure factors and the time-dependent density correlation functions of these densely packed spherical droplets were systematically measured as a function of the volume fraction.As ? increases from 0.1 to 0.75, the structure factor gradually evolves from a smooth function of the order unity into a highly oscillatory function, with the height of the first diffraction peak around 2 and higher, similar to that of a dense liquid. At the same time the time-dependent density correlation function exhibits pronounced nonexponential relaxation. The Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) stretched exponential function, exp[-(t/T)?], has been shown to fit the density correlation function over most of the time range of the measurements, which covers nearly three decades, at Q values of about 10-3 A?-1, typical in a light scattering experiment. The exponent ?, starting from an initial value of unity at ?=0.1, gradually decreases to about 0.6 at ?c?0.65 and increases thereafter. The relaxation time T shows a trend to diverge at ???c, approximately following the Vogel-Fulcher law. These features bear striking similarity to a glasslike transition predicted by recent mode-mode coupling theories of dense liquids. The KWW function also fits very well the time-dependent density correlation function at ?=0.6, measured by NSE (Q?0.2 A?-1). Thus, the KWW function is shown to be valid for the Q range spanning from 0.001 to 0.2 A?-1. The relaxation time, to a good approximation, scales like Q-2/?.

Eric Y. Sheu; Sow-Hsin Chen; J. S. Huang; J. C. Sung

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Numerical simulation on dense gas dispersion and fire characteristics after liquefied natural gas release.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD dissertation mainly studies the prediction, simulation and mitigation methods of the two main hazards in LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) industry, LNG vapor dense… (more)

Sun, Biao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Low-temperature catalyst activator: mechanism of dense carbon nanotube forest growth studied using synchrotron radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism of dense vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth achieved by a recently developed thermal chemical vapor deposition method was studied using synchrotron radiation spectroscopic techniques.

Takashima, A.

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

268

Using Nuclear Fusion Reactions to Peer Inside the Core of a Dense...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Using Nuclear Fusion Reactions to Peer Inside the Core of a Dense Hot Plasma Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) FES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of FES...

269

Dense Granular Flows Sebastian Chialvo and Sankaran Sundaresan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Refinement and Refinement of a Comprehensive Model for Dense Granular Flows Sebastian Chialvo and Sankaran Sundaresan Princeton University This work is supported by DOE-UCR grant DE-FE0006932. Logo The NETL logotype illustrated on this page is the institutional signature for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory-NETL. Its function is to be the graphic identi cation for that organization. The relationship among the elements of this logo is essential to preserve this identity. The speci cations included on these pages will assist in the proper display of this logo and should be fol- lowed exactly. Questions concerning this logo and its application may be addressed to the NETL O ce of Public A airs Coordination, Contact.PublicA airs@NETL.DOE.GOV.

270

CORRELATING INFALL WITH DEUTERIUM FRACTIONATION IN DENSE CORES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a survey of HCO{sup +} (3-2) observations pointed toward dense cores with previous measurements of N(N{sub 2}D{sup +})/N(N{sub 2}H{sup +}). Of the 26 cores in this survey, 5 show the spectroscopic signature of outward motion, 9 exhibit neither inward nor outward motion, 11 appear to be infalling, and 1 is not detected. We compare the degree of deuterium fractionation with infall velocities calculated from the HCO{sup +} spectra and find that those cores with [D]/[H] > 0.1 are more likely to have the signature of inward motions than cores with smaller [D]/[H] ratios. Infall motions are also much more common in cores with masses exceeding their thermal Jeans masses. The fastest infall velocity measured belongs to one of the two protostellar cores in our survey, L1521F, and the observed motions are typically on the order of the sound speed.

Schnee, Scott; Brunetti, Nathan; Friesen, Rachel [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Di Francesco, James; Johnstone, Doug; Pon, Andy [National Research Council Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Caselli, Paola, E-mail: sschnee@nrao.edu [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

Long Range Bond-Bond Correlations in Dense Polymer Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scaling of the bond-bond correlation function P1(s) along linear polymer chains is investigated with respect to the curvilinear distance s along the flexible chain and the monomer density ? via Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. Surprisingly, the correlations in dense three-dimensional solutions are found to decay with a power law P1(s)?s-? with ?=3/2 and the exponential behavior commonly assumed is clearly ruled out for long chains. In semidilute solutions, the density dependent scaling of P1(s)?g-?0(s/g)-? with ?0=2-2?=0.824 (?=0.588 being Flory's exponent) is set by the number of monomers g(?) in an excluded volume blob. Our computational findings compare well with simple scaling arguments and perturbation calculation. The power-law behavior is due to self-interactions of chains caused by the chain connectivity and the incompressibility of the melt.

J. P. Wittmer; H. Meyer; J. Baschnagel; A. Johner; S. Obukhov; L. Mattioni; M. Müller; A. N. Semenov

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Fully kinetic simulations of megajoule-scale dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dense plasma focus (DPF) Z-pinch devices are sources of copious high energy electrons and ions x-rays and neutrons. Megajoule-scale DPFs can generate 1012 neutrons per pulse in deuterium gas through a combination of thermonuclear and beam-target fusion. However the details of the neutron production are not fully understood and past optimization efforts of these devices have been largely empirical. Previously we reported on the first fully kinetic simulations of a kilojoule-scale DPF and demonstrated that both kinetic ions and kinetic electrons are needed to reproduce experimentally observed features such as charged-particle beam formation and anomalous resistivity. Here we present the first fully kinetic simulation of a MegaJoule DPF with predicted ion and neutron spectra neutron anisotropy neutron spot size and time history of neutron production. The total yield predicted by the simulation is in agreement with measured values validating the kinetic model in a second energy regime.

M. May

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Equation of state and optical properties of warm dense helium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the physical properties of warm dense helium under the conditions found in the atmospheres of cool white dwarfs using both a chemical model and ab initio simulations. A chemical model is developed for the low-ionization limit that includes the species He, He+, He2+, and electrons, and interactions between them. The ab initio calculations consist in quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) simulations. We use the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) to calculate the equation of state and the electrical and optical properties within the linear response theory. We further use an exact exchange hybrid (PBE0) density functional as well as the GW approximation to estimate the uncertainties on the electrical and optical properties resulting from the GGA approximation. While both the chemical model and the QMD simulations are in excellent agreement with the measured equation of state, a qualitative discrepancy exists with the measured conductivity.

P. M. Kowalski, S. Mazevet, D. Saumon, and M. Challacombe

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Molecular dynamics simulations of optical conductivity of dense plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optical conductivity ?(?) for dense Coulomb systems is investigated using molecular dynamics simulations on the basis of pseudopotentials to mimic quantum effects. Starting from linear response theory, the response in the long-wavelength limit k=0 can be expressed by different types of autocorrelation functions (ACF’s) such as the current ACF, the force ACF, or the charge density ACF. Consistent simulation data for transverse as well as longitudinal ACF’s are shown which are based on calculations with high numerical accuracy. Results are compared with perturbation expansions which are restricted to small values of the plasma parameter. The relevance with respect to a quantum Coulomb plasma is discussed. Finally, results are presented showing a consistent description of these model plasmas in comparison to quantum statistical approaches and to experimental data.

I. Morozov, H. Reinholz, G. Röpke, A. Wierling, and G. Zwicknagel

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

275

Current and Perspective Applications of Dense Plasma Focus Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) devices' applications which are intended to support the main?stream large?scale nuclear fusion programs (NFP) from one side (both in fundamental problems of Dense Magnetized Plasma physics and in its engineering issues) as well as elaborated for an immediate use in a number of fields from the other one are described. In the first direction such problems as self?generated magnetic fields implosion stability of plasma shells having a high aspect ratio etc. are important for the Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) programs (e.g. as NIF) whereas different problems of current disruption phenomenon plasma turbulence mechanisms of generation of fast particles and neutrons in magnetized plasmas are of great interest for the large devices of the Magnetic Plasma Confinement—MPC (e.g. as ITER). In a sphere of the engineering problems of NFP it is shown that in particular the radiation material sciences have DPF as a very efficient tool for radiation tests of prospect materials and for improvement of their characteristics. In the field of broad?band current applications some results obtained in the fields of radiation material sciences radiobiology nuclear medicine express Neutron Activation Analysis (including a single?shot interrogation of hidden illegal objects) dynamic non?destructive quality control X?Ray microlithography and micromachining and micro?radiography are presented. As the examples of the potential future applications it is proposed to use DPF as a powerful high?flux neutron source to generate very powerful pulses of neutrons in the nanosecond (ns) range of its duration for innovative experiments in nuclear physics for the goals of radiation treatment of malignant tumors for neutron tests of materials of the first wall blankets and NFP device's constructions (with fluences up to 1 dpa per a year term) and ns pulses of fast electrons neutrons and hard X?Rays for brachytherapy.

V. A. Gribkov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

General trend for pressurized superconducting hydrogen-dense materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far been impeded by the enormous challenges associated with the exceedingly large required pressure. Hydrogen-dense materials, of the MH{sub 4} form (where M can be, e.g., Si, Ge, or Sn) or of the MH{sub 3} form (with M being, e.g., Al, Sc, Y, or La), allow for the rather exciting opportunity to carry out a proxy study of metallic hydrogen and associated high-temperature superconductivity at pressures within the reach of current techniques. At least one experimental report indicates that a superconducting state might have been observed already in SiH{sub 4}, and several theoretical studies have predicted superconductivity in pressurized hydrogen-rich materials; however, no systematic dependence on the applied pressure has yet been identified so far. In the present work, we have used first-principles methods in an attempt to predict the superconducting critical temperature (T{sub c}) as a function of pressure (P) for three metal-hydride systems of the MH{sub 3} form, namely ScH{sub 3}, YH{sub 3}, and LaH{sub 3}. By comparing the obtained results, we are able to point out a general trend in the T{sub c}-dependence on P. These gained insights presented here are likely to stimulate further theoretical studies of metallic phases of hydrogen-dense materials and should lead to new experimental investigations of their superconducting properties.

Kim, D. Y.; Scheicher, R. H.; Mao, Ho-kwang; Kang, T. W.; Ahuja, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

ON THE PROPAGATION OF ENERGY IN A STRATIFIED GASEOUS MEDIUM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MEDIUM Steven Rosencrans MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY ON...STRATIFIED GASEOUS MEDIUM. | MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY...MEDIUM* BY STEVEN ROSENCRANS MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Communicated...responsible for the heating of the solar corona.6 (The top of our...

Steven Rosencrans

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

LNT + SCR Aftertreatment for Medium-Heavy Duty Applications:...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

+ SCR Aftertreatment for Medium-Heavy Duty Applications: A Systems Approach LNT + SCR Aftertreatment for Medium-Heavy Duty Applications: A Systems Approach Poster presentation at...

279

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Emerging...

280

Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium by Means of Soil Vapor Extraction Enhanced by Desiccation and Water Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium by means of soil vapor extraction enhanced by desiccation and water Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...

282

Category:MediumOffice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MediumOffice MediumOffice Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "MediumOffice" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVMediumOffice Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVMediumOffice Bismarc... 72 KB SVMediumOffice Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVMediumOffice Cedar C... 62 KB SVMediumOffice International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVMediumOffice Interna... 83 KB SVMediumOffice LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVMediumOffice LA CA C... 87 KB SVMediumOffice Memphis TN City of Memphis Tennessee (Utility Company).png SVMediumOffice Memphis... 65 KB SVMediumOffice Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png

283

Densely Ionizing Radiation Acts via the Microenvironment to Promote Aggressive Trp53-Null Mammary Carcinomas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Radiation Acts via the Microenvironment to Promote Aggressive Trp53-Null Mammary...changes from radiation contribute strongly to carcinogenic potential. Densely ionizing...radiation chimera in which mice were exposed to densely ionizing 350 MeV/amu Si-particles...

Irineu Illa-Bochaca; Haoxu Ouyang; Jonathan Tang; Christopher Sebastiano; Jian-Hua Mao; Sylvain V. Costes; Sandra Demaria; Mary Helen Barcellos-Hoff

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for whi* *ch the corresponding orbit of the geodesic flow is "-dense in the unit tangent bundle. Moreover* *, for any " > 0, we construct

Burns, Keith

285

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Solecki, Slawomir

286

A G # IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G # IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, # P ) and (Q, #Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P # T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

287

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A G IDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER JUSTIN TATCH above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection of all compact nowhere dense subsets directed partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

288

In-Medium Properties of Hadrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A diverse experimental program for the study of the photoproduction of mesons off nuclei has been carried out - and is still running - at the Mainz MAMI and Bonn ELSA electron accelerators with the TAPS, Crystal Barrel, and Crystal Ball calorimeters. It is motivated as a detailed study of the in-medium properties of hadrons and the meson - nucleus interactions. Typical examples for the in-medium behavior of vector mesons ($\\omega$), scalar mesons ($\\sigma$), and nucleon resonances (P$_{33}$(1232), S$_{11}$(1535), D$_{15}$(1520)) are discussed. Special attention is paid to meson - nucleus final state interactions.

B. Krusche

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

289

An amorphous alloy core medium frequency magnetic-link for medium voltage photovoltaic inverters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advanced magnetic materials with high saturation flux density and low specific core loss have led to the development of an efficient compact and lightweight multiple-input multiple-output medium frequency magnetic-link. It offers a new route to eliminate some critical limitations of recently proposed medium voltage photovoltaic inverters. In this paper a medium frequency magnetic-link is developed with Metglas amorphous alloy 2605S3A. The common magnetic-link generates isolated and balanced multiple DC supplies for all of the H-bridge inverter cells of the medium voltage inverter. The design and implementation of the prototype test platform and the experimental test results are analyzed and discussed. The medium frequency non-sinusoidal excitation electromagnetic characteristics of alloy 2605S3A are also compared with that of alloy 2605SA1. It is expected that the proposed new technology will have great potential for future renewable power generation systems and smart grid applications.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Processes for making dense, spherical active materials for lithium-ion cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Processes are provided for making dense, spherical mixed-metal carbonate or phosphate precursors that are particularly well suited for the production of active materials for electrochemical devices such as lithium ion secondary batteries. Exemplified methods include precipitating dense, spherical particles of metal carbonates or metal phosphates from a combined aqueous solution using a precipitating agent such as ammonium hydrogen carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, or a mixture that includes sodium hydrogen carbonate. Other exemplified methods include precipitating dense, spherical particles of metal phosphates using a precipitating agent such as ammonium hydrogen phosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, sodium phosphate, sodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, or a mixture of any two or more thereof. Further provided are compositions of and methods of making dense, spherical metal oxides and metal phosphates using the dense, spherical metal precursors. Still further provided are electrodes and batteries using the same.

Kang, Sun-Ho (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

291

Quantum statistical calculation of cluster abundances in hot dense matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cluster abundances are calculated from a quantum statistical approach taking into account in-medium corrections. For arbitrary cluster size the self-energy and Pauli blocking shifts are considered. Exploratory calculations are performed for symmetric matter at temperature $T=5$ MeV and baryon density $\\varrho=0.0156$ fm$^{-3}$ to be compared with the solar element distribution. It is shown that the abundances of weakly bound nuclei with mass number $4

Gerd Ropke

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Dynamical mechanism for non-locality in dense granular flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamical mechanism at the origin of the non-local rheology of dense granular flows is investigated trough discrete element simulations. We show that the influence of a shear band on the mechanical behavior of a distant zone is contained in the spatial variations observed in the network of granular contacts. Using a micro-rheology technique, we establish that the exponential responses hence obtained, do not proof the validity of a mechanical activation process as previously suggested, but stem from the spatial relaxation of the shear rate as a direct consequence of a macroscopic non-local constitutive relation. Finally, by direct visualization of the local relaxation processes, we dismiss the kinetic elasto-plastic picture, where a flow is conceived as a quasi-static sequence of localized plastic events interacting through the stress field. We therefore conclude in favor of the jamming scenario, where geometrical constrains lead to coherent non-affine displacements along floppy modes, inherently non-local.

M. Bouzid; M. Trulsson; P. Claudin; E. Clement; B. Andreotti

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

293

Observations of strong ion-ion correlations in dense plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using simultaneous spectrally, angularly, and temporally resolved x-ray scattering, we measure the pronounced ion-ion correlation peak in a strongly coupled plasma. Laser-driven shock-compressed aluminum at ?3× solid density is probed with high-energy photons at 17.9?keV created by molybdenum He-? emission in a laser-driven plasma source. The measured elastic scattering feature shows a well-pronounced correlation peak at a wave vector of k=4Å{sup ?1}. The magnitude of this correlation peak cannot be described by standard plasma theories employing a linear screened Coulomb potential. Advanced models, including a strong short-range repulsion due to the inner structure of the aluminum ions are however in good agreement with the scattering data. These studies have demonstrated a new highly accurate diagnostic technique to directly measure the state of compression and the ion-ion correlations. We have since applied this new method in single-shot wave-number resolved S(k) measurements to characterize the physical properties of dense plasmas.

Ma, T., E-mail: ma8@llnl.gov; Pak, A.; Landen, O. L.; Le Pape, S.; Turnbull, D.; Döppner, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Fletcher, L.; Galtier, E.; Hastings, J.; Lee, H. J.; Nagler, B.; Glenzer, S. H. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)] [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Chapman, D. A. [Plasma Physics Group, AWE plc, Reading RG7 4PR (United Kingdom) [Plasma Physics Group, AWE plc, Reading RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Falcone, R. W. [Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Fortmann, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States) [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Gericke, D. O. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)] [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Gregori, G.; White, T. G. [University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)] [University of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Neumayer, P. [Extreme Matter Institute, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Extreme Matter Institute, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Vorberger, J. [Max Planck Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme, Nötthnizer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden (Germany)] [Max Planck Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme, Nötthnizer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden (Germany); and others

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Free energy landscape of a dense hard-sphere system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The topography of the free energy landscape in phase space of a dense hard-sphere system characterized by a discretized free energy functional of the Ramakrishnan-Yussouff form is investigated numerically using a specially devised Monte Carlo procedure. We locate a considerable number of glassy local minima of the free energy and analyze the distributions of the free energy at a minimum and an appropriately defined phase-space “distance” between different minima. We find evidence for the existence of pairs of closely related glassy minima (“two-level systems”). We also investigate the way the system makes transitions as it moves from the basin of attraction of a minimum to that of another one after a start under nonequilibrium conditions. This allows us to determine the effective height of free energy barriers that separate a glassy minimum from the others. The dependence of the height of free energy barriers on the density is investigated in detail. The general appearance of the free energy landscape resembles that of a putting green: relatively deep minima separated by a fairly flat structure. We discuss the connection of our results with the Vogel-Fulcher law and relate our observations to other work on the glass transition.

Chandan Dasgupta and Oriol T. Valls

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Vortices and Other Topological Solitons in Dense Quark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this review, we discuss various properties of topological solitons in dense QCD matter, with a particular emphasis on the CFL phase exhibiting superfluidity and superconductivity, and their phenomenological implications in terms of the effective field theories such as the Ginzburg-Landau theory, the chiral Lagrangian, or the Bogoliubov--de Gennes equation. The most fundamental topological excitations are non-Abelian vortices, which are 1/3 quantized superfluid vortices and color magnetic flux tubes. They are created at a phase transition or a rotation such compact stars. The intervortex-interaction is repulsive and consequently a vortex lattice is formed. Bosonic and fermionic zero-energy modes are trapped in the vortex core and propagate along it as gapless excitations. The former consists of translational zero modes (a Kelvin mode) with a quadratic dispersion and CP(2) Nambu-Goldstone gapless modes with a linear dispersion, while the latter is the triplet Majorana fermion zero modes. The low-energy effec...

Eto, Minoru; Nitta, Muneto; Yasui, Shigehiro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optically Transparent, Electrically Conductive Composite Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...found below and above these two lower shale beds. Although it is possible that reworking...by the three shocked quartz-bearing shales, but there are at least 250 m of Norian...of the transparent composite medium. anisotropic. The transparency along the ver-tical...

S. JIN; T. H. TIEFEL; R. WOLFE; R. C. SHERWOOD; J. J. MOTTINE JR.

1992-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

297

In-Medium Modifications of Hadron Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The in-medium modifications of hadron properties are briefly discussed. We restrict the discussion to the lattice QCD calculations for the hadron masses, screening masses, decay constants and wave functions. We review the progress made so far and describe how to broaden its horizon.

A. Tawfik

2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

298

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medium- and Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Google Bookmark Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Delicious Rank Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles on AddThis.com... Home Overview Light-Duty Vehicles Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Transit Vehicles Trucks Idle Reduction Oil Bypass Filter Airport Ground Support Equipment Medium and Heavy Duty Hybrid Electric Vehicles

299

Medium-fi EvaluationMedium-fi PrototypesMedium-fi DesignLow-fi EvaluationLow-fi Prototypes What is Aphasia?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Medium-fi EvaluationMedium-fi PrototypesMedium-fi DesignLow-fi EvaluationLow-fi Prototypes What Cycle Investigated ability of existing technologies to fulfill needs. Extra time is needed to ensure. Evaluated with two participants. One had aphasia as a result of a brain tumour and the other as a result

Findlater, Leah

300

Inverse bremsstrahlung heating rate for dense plasmas in laser fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a theoretical analysis of inverse bremsstrahlung heating rate in the eikonal approximation. The present analysis is performed for a dense plasma using the screened electron-ion interaction potential for the ion charge state Z{sub i} = 1 and for both the weak and strong plasma screening cases. We have also compared the eikonal results with the first Born approximation (FBA) [M. Moll et al., New J. Phys. 14, 065010 (2012)] calculation. We find that the magnitudes of inverse bremsstrahlung heating rate within the eikonal approximation (EA) are larger than the FBA values in the weak screening case (? = 0.03 a.u.) in a wide range of field strength for three different initial electron momenta (2, 3, and 4 a.u.). But for strong screening case (? = 0.3 a.u.), the heating rates predicted by the two approximations do not differ much after reaching their maximum values. Furthermore, the individual contribution of photoemission and photoabsorption processes to heating rate is analysed for both the weak and strong screening cases. We find that the single photoemission and photoabsorption rates are the same throughout the field strength while the multiphoton absorption process dominates over the multiphoton emission process beyond the field strength ? 4×10{sup 8} V/cm. The present study of the dependence of heating rate on the screening parameter ranging from 0.01 to 20 shows that whereas the heating rate predicted by the EA is greater than the FBA up to the screening parameter ? = 0.3 a.u., the two approximation methods yield results which are nearly identical beyond the above value.

Dey, R. [D-203, Samruddhi Residency, Motera, Ahmedabad-380009, Gujarat (India)] [D-203, Samruddhi Residency, Motera, Ahmedabad-380009, Gujarat (India); Roy, A. C. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Belur Math 711202, West Bengal (India)] [School of Mathematical Sciences, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Belur Math 711202, West Bengal (India)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vortices and Other Topological Solitons in Dense Quark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this review, we discuss various properties of topological solitons in dense QCD matter, with a particular emphasis on the CFL phase exhibiting superfluidity and superconductivity, and their phenomenological implications in terms of the effective field theories such as the Ginzburg-Landau theory, the chiral Lagrangian, or the Bogoliubov--de Gennes equation. The most fundamental topological excitations are non-Abelian vortices, which are 1/3 quantized superfluid vortices and color magnetic flux tubes. They are created at a phase transition or a rotation such compact stars. The intervortex-interaction is repulsive and consequently a vortex lattice is formed. Bosonic and fermionic zero-energy modes are trapped in the vortex core and propagate along it as gapless excitations. The former consists of translational zero modes (a Kelvin mode) with a quadratic dispersion and CP(2) Nambu-Goldstone gapless modes with a linear dispersion, while the latter is the triplet Majorana fermion zero modes. The low-energy effective theory of the bosonic zero modes is a non-relativistic free complex scalar field and a CP(2) model in 1+1 dimensions. The effects of strange quark mass, electromagnetic interactions and non-perturbative quantum corrections are taken into account. Colorful boojums at the CFL interface, quantum color magnetic monopole confined by vortices, which supports the notion of quark-hadron duality, and Yang-Mills instantons inside a vortex as lumps are discussed. The interactions between a vortex and quasi-particles such as phonons, gluons, mesons, and photons are studied. A vortex lattice is shown to behave as a cosmic polarizer. Non-Abelian vortices are shown to behave as a novel kind of non-Abelian anyons. For the chiral symmetry breaking, we discuss fractional and integer axial domain walls, Abelian and non-Abelian axial vortices, axial wall-vortex composites, and Skyrmions.

Minoru Eto; Yuji Hirono; Muneto Nitta; Shigehiro Yasui

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Measurement of the electrical resistivity of a dense strongly coupled plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present measurements of the electrical resistivity of a dense strongly coupled plasma. This plasma is created in a comprehensively diagnosed capillary discharge that produces uniform well-characterized dense plasmas. Data for polyurethane at densities ?=0.01?0, where ?0=1.265 g/cm3, and temperatures in the 25–30 eV range are compared with several dense plasma theories, and show a significant disagreement. These results are of importance for the modeling of pulsed power experiments and the understanding of transport processes in many astrophysical plasmas.

J. F. Benage, Jr., W. R. Shanahan, E. G. Sherwood, L. A. Jones, and R. J. Trainor

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Physical vacuum is a special superfluid medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Navier-Stokes equation contains two terms which have been subjected to slight modification: (a) the viscosity term depends of time (the viscosity in average on time is zero, but its variance is non-zero); (b) the pressure gradient contains an added term describing the quantum entropy gradient multiplied by the pressure. Owing to these modifications, the Navier-Stokes equation can be reduced to the Schr\\"odinger equation describing behavior of a particle into the vacuum being as a superfluid medium. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long life owing to zeroth average viscosity. The non-zero variance describes exchange of the vortex energy with zero-point energy of the vacuum. Radius of the vortex trembles around some average value. This observation sheds the light to the Zitterbewegung phenomenon. The long-lived vortex has a non-zero core where the vortex velocity vanishes.

Sbitnev, Valeriy I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Transient multiwave mixing in a nonlinear medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a detailed quantitative theory of transient multiwave mixing effects in a nonlinear medium produced by two incident coherent laser beams. Our theory accounts for all the relevant parameters such as laser pulse widths, medium response times, nonlinearities, interaction length, intensities, beam ratio, phase-modulation effects, losses, side diffractions, and explicitly shows how the dynamics and the multiwave mixing processes are interrelated with these parameters. The crucial role played by the diffracted beams and the time-dependent phase shifts among the beams and the interplay among the various intensity and index gratings are explicitly evaluated. In particular, the gain experienced by a weak incident probe beam via these mixing effects from the incident strong pump beam is investigated as a function of the aforementioned parameters.

I. C. Khoo and Ping Zhou

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

medium-impact-assessment-bulletins medium-impact-assessment-bulletins Office of the Chief Information Officer 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 202-586-0166 en V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities http://energy.gov/cio/articles/v-237-typo3-security-bypass-vulnerabilities V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities

306

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Medium-Duty Vehicle Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Duty Vehicle Idle Reduction Strategies on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Benefits & Considerations Heavy-Duty Vehicles Medium-Duty Vehicles

307

Exploring medium effects on the nuclear force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This STI product contains a description of results from theoretical studies in nuclear physics. The goal is a systematic investigation of the nuclear force in the nuclear medium. The problems addressed are: density-dependent effective interactions as seen through proton-nucleus reactions, nuclear matter with unequal densities of protons and neutrons, applications to asymmetric nuclei through predictions of neutron radii and neutron skins.

F. Sammarruca

2004-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

308

Integrated dense array and transect MT surveying at dixie valley geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dense array and transect MT surveying at dixie valley geothermal dense array and transect MT surveying at dixie valley geothermal area, Nevada- structural controls, hydrothermal alteration and deep fluid sources Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Integrated dense array and transect MT surveying at dixie valley geothermal area, Nevada- structural controls, hydrothermal alteration and deep fluid sources Authors Philip E. Wannamaker, William M. Doerner and Derrick P. Hasterok Conference proceedings, 32th workshop on geothermal reservoir Engineering, Stanford University; Stanford University; 2007 Published Publisher Not Provided, 2007 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Integrated dense array and transect MT surveying at dixie valley geothermal area, Nevada- structural controls, hydrothermal

309

Do children acquire dense neighborhoods? An investigation of similarity neighborhoods in lexical acquisition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study tests the claim that children acquire collections of phonologically similar word forms. namely, dense neighborhoods. Age of acquisition (AoA) norms were obtained front two databases: parent report of infant and ...

Storkel, Holly Lynn

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Microwave heating of electrons of a dense plasma column at frequencies higher than electron cyclotron frequency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this experimental study the absorption of plasma waves, excited in a dense plasma column, was investigated and the localization of the regions of efficient heating of electrons were determined in a broad...ce/...

J. ?atlov; L. Kryška; V. N. Budnikov

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Unsteady effects in dense, high speed, particle laden flows J.D. Regele a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

t Dense high speed non-compacted multiphase flows exist in variable phase turbines, explosions, and ejec multiphase flows can be found in a variety of practical applications such as variable phase turbines

Dabiri, John O.

312

Dense Plasma Focus Fusion Neutron Sources Progress at NSTec, September 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of dense plasma focus (DPF) sources are introduced, including their operating characteristics and current activities. Neutron resonance spectroscopy is discussed and the feasibility of using DPF for neutron sources is considered.

Hagen, E. C.

2011-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

313

Multi-resolution surfel maps for efficient dense 3D modeling and tracking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building consistent models of objects and scenes from moving sensors is an important prerequisite for many recognition, manipulation, and navigation tasks. Our approach integrates color and depth measurements seamlessly in a multi-resolution map representation. ... Keywords: 3D multi-resolution RGB-D image representation, Dense indoor scene mapping, Dense object modeling, On-line loop-closure detection, Real-time RGB-D image registration, Real-time pose tracking, Real-time simultaneous localization and mapping, Visual odometry

Jörg Stückler; Sven Behnke

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The effects of an ambient salinity gradient on the dilution of dense brine jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE MCCULLOUGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY NAYNE MCCULLOUGH Approved as to style and content by: Robert E. Randall (Chair of Committee...

McCullough, Gary Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

Thermophysical properties of warm dense hydrogen using quantum molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the thermophysical properties of warm dense hydrogen by using quantum molecular dynamics simulations. Results are presented for the pair distribution functions, the equation of state, and the Hugoniot curve. From the dynamic conductivity, we derive the dc electrical conductivity and the reflectivity. We compare with available experimental data and predictions of the chemical picture. In particular, we discuss the nonmetal-to-metal transition, which occurs at about 40 GPa in the dense fluid.

Bastian Holst, Ronald Redmer, and Michael P. Desjarlais

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

316

Dense CoO/graphene stacks via self-assembly for improved reversibility as high performance anode in lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Here, we propose a novel strategy to prepare dense stacks composed of alternating CoO and graphene layers for an anode in lithium ion batteries (LIBs), which contributes to enhanced stability and relatively large reversible capacity. This is accomplished by spontaneously pre-aligning negatively charged CoO-anchored graphene oxide (CG) and positively charged amine-functionalized graphene (GN) in an acidic medium, followed by thermal reduction. The performance of this product is contrasted with that of CG prepared under the identical conditions without the addition of GN, in which CoO nanoparticles are sandwiched between relatively loose and randomly oriented graphene stacks. For example, the composite delivers a capacity greater than 800 mAh g?1 with a fading rate of 0.04 mAh g?1 cycle?1 during 1000 charge/discharge (C/D) cycles at 1.0 A g?1, in contrast to ca. 400 mAh g?1 and 0.24 mAh g?1 cycle?1 for thermally reduced CG without the addition of GN. The origin of the superior electrochemical performance in the dense stacks is ascribed to the enhanced reversibility of a conversion reaction, which in turn contributes to a persistent formation/dissolution of gel-like polymer films (i.e., stable pseudo-capacitance). Experimental evidences that substantiate the aforementioned behaviors (improved reversibility for both processes) are presented.

S.J. Richard Prabakar; R. Suresh Babu; Minhak Oh; Myoung Soo Lah; Su Cheol Han; Jaehyang Jeong; Myoungho Pyo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Operability and Emissions from a Medium-Duty Fleet Operating...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Operability and Emissions from a Medium-Duty Fleet Operating with GTL Fuel and Catalyzed DPFs Operability and Emissions from a Medium-Duty Fleet Operating with GTL Fuel and...

318

Demonstration of natural gas reburn for NO{sub x} emissions reduction at Ohio Edison Company`s cyclone-fired Niles Plant Unit Number 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric utility power plants account for about one-third of the NO{sub x} and two-thirds of the SO{sub 2} emissions in the US cyclone-fired boilers, while representing about 9% of the US coal-fired generating capacity, emit about 14% of the NO{sub x} produced by coal-fired utility boilers. Given this background, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Gas Research Institute, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, and the Ohio Coal Development Office sponsored a program led by ABB Combustion Engineering, Inc. (ABB-CE) to demonstrate reburning on a cyclone-fired boiler. Ohio Edison provided Unit No. 1 at their Niles Station for the reburn demonstration along with financial assistance. The Niles Unit No. 1 reburn system was started up in September 1990. This reburn program was the first full-scale reburn system demonstration in the US. This report describes work performed during the program. The work included a review of reburn technology, aerodynamic flow model testing of reburn system design concepts, design and construction of the reburn system, parametric performance testing, long-term load dispatch testing, and boiler tube wall thickness monitoring. The report also contains a description of the Niles No. 1 host unit, a discussion of conclusions and recommendations derived from the program, tabulation of data from parametric and long-term tests, and appendices which contain additional tabulated test results.

Borio, R.W.; Lewis, R.D.; Koucky, R.W. [ABB Power Plant Labs., Windsor, CT (United States)] [ABB Power Plant Labs., Windsor, CT (United States); Lookman, A.A. [Energy Systems Associates, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [Energy Systems Associates, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Manos, M.G.; Corfman, D.W.; Waddingham, A.L. [Ohio Edison, Akron, OH (United States)] [Ohio Edison, Akron, OH (United States); Johnson, S.A. [Quinapoxet Engineering Solutions, Inc., Windham, NH (United States)] [Quinapoxet Engineering Solutions, Inc., Windham, NH (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY OF THE QUIESCENT MEDIUM OF NEARBY CLOUDS. I. ICE FORMATION AND GRAIN GROWTH IN LUPUS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Infrared photometry and spectroscopy (1-25 ?m) of background stars reddened by the Lupus molecular cloud complex are used to determine the properties of grains and the composition of ices before they are incorporated into circumstellar envelopes and disks. H{sub 2}O ices form at extinctions of A{sub K} = 0.25 ± 0.07 mag (A{sub V} = 2.1 ± 0.6). Such a low ice formation threshold is consistent with the absence of nearby hot stars. Overall, the Lupus clouds are in an early chemical phase. The abundance of H{sub 2}O ice (2.3 ± 0.1 × 10{sup –5} relative to N{sub H}) is typical for quiescent regions, but lower by a factor of three to four compared to dense envelopes of young stellar objects. The low solid CH{sub 3}OH abundance (<3%-8% relative to H{sub 2}O) indicates a low gas phase H/CO ratio, which is consistent with the observed incomplete CO freeze out. Furthermore it is found that the grains in Lupus experienced growth by coagulation. The mid-infrared (>5 ?m) continuum extinction relative to A{sub K} increases as a function of A{sub K}. Most Lupus lines of sight are well fitted with empirically derived extinction curves corresponding to R{sub V} ? 3.5 (A{sub K} = 0.71) and R{sub V} ? 5.0 (A{sub K} = 1.47). For lines of sight with A{sub K} > 1.0 mag, the ?{sub 9.7}/A{sub K} ratio is a factor of two lower compared to the diffuse medium. Below 1.0 mag, values scatter between the dense and diffuse medium ratios. The absence of a gradual transition between diffuse and dense medium-type dust indicates that local conditions matter in the process that sets the ?{sub 9.7}/A{sub K} ratio. This process is likely related to grain growth by coagulation, as traced by the A{sub 7.4}/A{sub K} continuum extinction ratio, but not to ice mantle formation. Conversely, grains acquire ice mantles before the process of coagulation starts.

Boogert, A. C. A. [IPAC, NASA Herschel Science Center, Mail Code 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Chiar, J. E. [SETI Institute, Carl Sagan Center, 189 Bernardo Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Knez, C.; Mundy, L. G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Öberg, K. I. [Departments of Chemistry and Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Pendleton, Y. J. [Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Tielens, A. G. G. M.; Van Dishoeck, E. F., E-mail: aboogert@ipac.caltech.edu [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Medium-Speed and Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Digg

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321

Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small- and Medium-Sized Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building

322

NOVEL DENSE MEMBRANE FOR HYDROGEN SEPARATION FOR ENERGY APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objectives of this project are: (1) Characterization of the thermo mechanical properties of the novel dense HTM bulk sample; (2) Development of a correlation among the intrinsic factors (such as grain size and phase distribution), and the extrinsic factors (such as temperature and atmosphere) and the thermo-mechanical properties (such as strengths and stress) to predict the performance of a HTM system (HTM membrane and porous substrate) ; and (3) Evaluation of the stability of the novel HTM membrane and its property correlations after thermal cycling. Based on all results and analysis of the thermo mechanical properties for the HTM cermet bulk samples, several important conclusions were made. The mean ?fs at room temperature is approximately 356 MPa for the HTM cermet. The mean ?fs value decreases to 284 MPa as the temperature increases to 850?C. The Difference difference in atmosphere, such as air or N2, had an insignificant effect on the flexural strength values at 850?C for the HTM cermet. The HTM cermet samples at room temperature and at 500?C fractured without any significant plastic deformation. Whereas, at 850?C, the HTM cermet samples fractured, preceded by an extensive plastic deformation. It seems that the HTM cermet behaves more like an elastic material such as a nonmetal ceramic at the room temperature, and more like a ductile material at increased temperature (850?C). The exothermic peak during the TG/DTA tests centered at 600?C is most likely associated with both the enthalpy change of transformation from the amorphous phase into crystalline zirconia and the oxidation of Pd phase in HTM cermet in air. The endothermic peak centered at 800?C is associated with the dissociation of PdO to Pd for the HTM cermet sample in both inert N2 environment and air. There is a corresponding weight gain as oxidation occurs for palladium (Pd) phase to form palladium oxide (PdO) and there is a weight loss as the unstable PdO is dissociated back to Pd and oxygen. The normal stress and shear stresses from the Mohr?s circle indicate that the residual stress in the HTM cermet sample is mainly as compressive residual stress in the magnitude of -135 to -155 MP, and with very little shear stress (in the magnitude of 10 MPa). The magnitude of change in the normal stress and the shear stress is insignificant in the HTM after 120 thermal cycles. However, the principle normal stress changes from compressive to tensile residual stress and there is a significant increase in the shear stress after 500 thermal cycles. The calculated value based on the equation and the Mohr?s circle is found to be consistent with the experimental value for the as-received HTM cermet samples. At some rotation (?) angle, the residual stress was found to be as tensile stress. Most ceramic material is weak in tension, and develops microscopic cracks. With treatment of 120 thermal cycles between 50?850?C, the HTM- sample exhibited thermally-induced cracks on the surface. Visually observable cracks appeared on the surface of HTM cermet with continuous thermal cycling, after 500 thermal cycles. The XRD powder diffraction analysis indicated an increased amount of crystalline PdO crystalline in HTM cermet after 120 and 500 thermal cycles as compare to the as-received samples. The Pd crystalline peaks were found to significantly decrease in peak intensity with thermal cycling. Higher peak intensity for PdO phase was observed with increased number of thermal cycles. A Monoclinic monoclinic zirconia phase was first identified in the as-received HTM as-received sample. However, with thermal cycling treatment of both 120 and 500 thermal cycles, the M-ZrO2 phase is transformed to the tetragonal YSZ, which is consistent with the thermal analysis results by TG/DTA. Correlations of the microstructural and thermo-mechanical properties of both selected reference material and ANL-3e HTM cermet bulk sample are affected mainly by porosity and microstructural features, such as grain size and pore size/distribution. The Young?s Modulus (E-value), especially, is positivel

Bandopadhyay, Sukumar [University of Alaska Fairbanks; Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Balu) [ANL; Nag, Nagendra [SURMET CORP.

2013-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

323

Iterative Dense Correspondence Correction Through Bundle Adjustment Feedback-Based Error Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method to detect and correct inaccuracies in a set of unconstrained dense correspondences between two images is presented. Starting with a robust, general-purpose dense correspondence algorithm, an initial pose estimate and dense 3D scene reconstruction are obtained and bundle-adjusted. Reprojection errors are then computed for each correspondence pair, which is used as a metric to distinguish high and low-error correspondences. An affine neighborhood-based coarse-to-fine iterative search algorithm is then applied only on the high-error correspondences to correct their positions. Such an error detection and correction mechanism is novel for unconstrained dense correspondences, for example not obtained through epipolar geometry-based guided matching. Results indicate that correspondences in regions with issues such as occlusions, repetitive patterns and moving objects can be identified and corrected, such that a more accurate set of dense correspondences results from the feedback-based process, as proven by more accurate pose and structure estimates.

Hess-Flores, M A; Duchaineau, M A; Goldman, M J; Joy, K I

2009-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Design of Wind Turbines in an Area with Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen, niels-erik.clausen@risoe.dk, Sren Ott, Niels-Jacob Tarp-Johansen, Per Nrgrd and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Wind Turbines in an Area with Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen, niels and cost of wind turbines is influenced by a combination of fatigue and extreme loads and the applied design codes. In general wind turbines are designed for 20 years of operation using design standards

325

On the Virial Theorem for Interstellar Medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An attempt has been made to derive a version of the virial integral that would describe average properties of the interstellar medium (ISM). It is suggested to eliminate the (large) contribution of stellar matter by introducing 'exclusion zones' surrounding stars. Such an approach leads to the appearance of several types of additional surface integrals in the general expression. Their contribution depends on the rate of energy and matter exchange between the stars and ISM. If this exchange is weak, one can obtain a desired virial integral for ISM. However, the presence of intermittent large-scale energetic events significantly constrains the applicability of the virial theorem. If valid, the derived virial integral is dominated by cold molecular/atomic clouds, with only minor contribution of the global magnetic field and low-density warm part.

Ryutov, D

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

326

Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body eff

Wood, Michael; Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Weygand, Dennis; Djalali, Chaden; Tur, Clarisse; Mosel, Ulrich; Muehlich, Pascal; Adams, Gary; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Ambrozewicz, Pawel; Anghinolfi, Marco; Asryan, Gegham; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Baillie, Nathan; Ball, James; Baltzell, Nathan; Barrow, Steve; Battaglieri, Marco; Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Bektasoglu, Mehmet; Bellis, Matthew; Benmouna, Nawal; Berman, Barry; Biselli, Angela; Blaszczyk, Lukasz; Bouchigny, Sylvain; Boyarinov, Sergey; Bradford, Robert; Branford, Derek; Briscoe, William; Brooks, William; Burkert, Volker; Butuceanu, Cornel; Calarco, John; Careccia, Sharon; Carman, Daniel; Carnahan, Bryan; Casey, Liam; Chen, Shifeng; Cheng, Lu; Cole, Philip; Collins, Patrick; Coltharp, Philip; Crabb, Donald; Crannell, Hall; Crede, Volker; Cummings, John; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Denizli, Haluk; Dennis, Lawrence; Deur, Alexandre; Dharmawardane, Kahanawita; Dickson, Richard; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dugger, Michael; Dytman, Steven; Dzyubak, Oleksandr; Egiyan, Hovanes; Egiyan, Kim; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fedotov, Gleb; Feldman, Gerald; Feuerbach, Robert; Fradi, Ahmed; Funsten, Herbert; Garcon, Michel; Gavalian, Gagik; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girod, Francois-Xavier; Goetz, John; Gordon, Christopher; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guidal, Michel; Guler, Nevzat; Guo, Lei; Gyurjyan, Vardan; Hadjidakis, Cynthia; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hakobyan, Rafael; Hanretty, Charles; Hardie, John; Hassall, Neil; Hersman, F.; Hicks, Kenneth; Hleiqawi, Ishaq; Holtrop, Maurik; Hyde, Charles; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Ito, Mark; Jenkins, David; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Johnstone, John; Joo, Kyungseon; Juengst, Henry; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kellie, James; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Khetarpal, Puneet; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Klimenko, Alexei; Kossov, Mikhail; Krahn, Zebulun; Kramer, Laird; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Joachim; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Lachniet, Jeff; Laget, Jean; Langheinrich, Jorn; Lawrence, David; Li, Ji; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacCormick, Marion; Markov, Nikolai; Mattione, Paul; McAleer, Simeon; McKinnon, Bryan; McNabb, John; Mecking, Bernhard; Mehrabyan, Surik; Melone, Joseph; Mestayer, Mac; Meyer, Curtis; Mibe, Tsutomu; Mikhaylov, Konstantin; Minehart, Ralph; Mirazita, Marco; Miskimen, Rory; Mokeev, Viktor; Moriya, Kei; Morrow, Steven; Moteabbed, Maryam; Mueller, James; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Mutchler, Gordon; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Niczyporuk, Bogdan; Niroula, Megh; Niyazov, Rustam; Nozar, Mina; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Park, Kijun; Pasyuk, Evgueni; Paterson, Craig; Pereira, Sergio; Pierce, Joshua; Pivnyuk, Nikolay; Pocanic, Dinko; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Preedom, Barry; Price, John; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Raue, Brian; Riccardi, Gregory; Ricco, Giovanni; Ripani, Marco; Ritchie, Barry; Ronchetti, Federico; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Sabatie, Franck; Salamanca, Julian; Salgado, Carlos; Santoro, Joseph; Sapunenko, Vladimir; Schumacher, Reinhard; Serov, Vladimir; Sharabian, Youri; Sharov, Dmitri; Shvedunov, Nikolay; Smith, Elton; Smith, Lee; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stavinsky, Aleksey; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stepanyan, Samuel; Stokes, Burnham; Stoler, Paul; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Tedeschi, David; Tkabladze, Avtandil; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Todor, Luminita; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlassov, Alexander; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Williams, Michael; Wolin, Elliott; Yegneswaran, Amrit; Zana, Lorenzo; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Orthopositronium-orthopositronium scattering at medium energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scattering of ortho-positronium (o-Ps) atoms has been investigated using the first Born approximation (FBA) and Born-Oppenheimer (B-O) model at medium energies. The angle integrated total elastic cross sections of o-Ps-o-Ps scattering have been reported. Apart from this, the inelastic cross sections for discrete excitations (principal quantum number, n{<=}3) of the single and both the Ps atoms as well as single and double Ps atom ionization have also been obtained. We have also predicted the total cross section of o-Ps-o-Ps scattering by adding all these partial cross sections. The first Born and B-O scattering amplitudes have also been evaluated using partial wave technique. It has been noticed that odd values of the partial wave B-O amplitude vanishes for even parity transitions and vice versa. To the best of our knowledge, this feature has not been noticed for other systems.

Chakraborty, Sumana; Ghosh, A.S. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata-700 032 (India); Kumari, Kiran [Department of Physics, R N College, Hajipur (Vaishali), B R A Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar (India)

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Optimizing Medium Baseline Reactor Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 years from now medium baseline reactor neutrino experiments will attempt to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy from the observed antineutrino spectra. In this letter we present the results of more than four million detailed simulations of such experiments, studying the dependence of the probability of successfully determining the hierarchy upon the analysis method, the neutrino mass matrix parameters, reactor flux models and, in particular, combinations of baselines. We show that the strong dependence of the hierarchy determination upon mass differences and flux models found by Qian et al. results from a spurious dependence of the Fourier analysis upon the high energy tail of the reactor spectrum which can be removed by using a weighted Fourier transform. Such experiments necessarily use flux from multiple reactors at distinct baselines, smearing the oscillation signal and thus impeding the determination of the hierarchy. Using the results of our simulations, we determine the optimal baselines and corre...

Ciuffoli, Emilio; Zhang, Xinmin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Color Glass Condensates in dense quark matter and quantum Hall states of gluons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the effective theory of color glass condensate to the analysis of gluon states in dense quark matter, in which the saturation region of gluons is also present. We find that in the region two point function of gluons shows algebraic long range order. The order is completely the same as the one gluons show in the dense quark matter, which form quantum Hall states. The order leads to the vanishing of massless gluon pole. We also find that the saturation region of gluons extends from small $x$ to even large $x\\lesssim 1$ in much dense quark matter. We point out a universality that the color glass condensate is a property of hadrons at high energy and of quark matter at high baryon density.

Aiichi Iwazaki

2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

330

Sur les groupes de transformations rigides : Th'eor`eme de l'orbite dense-ouverte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sur les groupes de transformations rigides : Th'eor`eme de l'orbite dense.2.2 Premi`ere r'eduction du th'eor`eme de l'orbite dense-ouverte. 14 2.2.3 Passage au domaine d'int'egrabilit'e infinit'esimale. . . . . . 15 2.2.4 Deuxi`eme r'eduction du th'eor`eme de l'orbite dense

Zeghib, Abdelghani

331

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Medium office Medium office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-medium_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-medium_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-medium_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

332

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

rravt068vssmiyasato2011o .pdf More Documents & Publications SCAQMD:Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium-Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation Plug-In Hybrid Electric...

333

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

practitioners in states and municipal governments who are concerned with urban transport development in medium-sized cities in India. In addition, officials within the central...

334

Radiation pressure of light in a refractive medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiation pressure and energy density of light in a refractive medium is calculated in terms of the index of refraction of the medium. The factor equal to the cube of the index of refraction that occurs in the expressions for the energy density and pressure of light in a refractive medium is shown to arise from the basic thermodynamic nature of the photon system and from the volume dependence of the index of refraction. It is shown that a mechanical pressure exists in a refractive medium which is in equilibrium with the blackbody radiation of the vacuum.

Richard A. Weiss

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Missing Thermal Energy of the Intracluster Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect is a direct probe of thermal energy content of the Universe, induced in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky through scattering of CMB photons off hot electrons in the intracluster medium (ICM). We report a 9-sigma detection of the SZ signal in the CMB maps of Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 3yr data, through study of a sample of 193 massive galaxy clusters with observed X-ray temperatures greater than 3 keV. For the first time, we make a model-independent measurement of the pressure profile in the outskirts of the ICM, and show that it closely follows the profiles obtained by X-ray observations and numerical simulations. We find that our measurements of the SZ effect would account for only half of the thermal energy of the cluster, if all the cluster baryons were in the hot ICM phase. Our measurements indicate that a significant fraction (35 +/- 8 %) of baryonic mass is missing from the hot ICM, and thus must have cooled to form galaxies, intracluster stars, or an unknown cold phase of the ICM. There does not seem to be enough mass in the form of stars or cold gas in the cluster galaxies or intracluster space, signaling the need for a yet-unknown baryonic component (at 3-sigma level), or otherwise new astrophysical processes in the ICM.

Niayesh Afshordi; Yen-Ting Lin; Daisuke Nagai; Alastair J. R. Sanderson

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Supernovae Driven Turbulence In The Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I model the multi-phase interstellar medium (ISM) randomly heated and shocked by supernovae, with gravity, differential rotation and other parameters we understand to be typical of the solar neighbourhood. The simulations are 3D extending horizontally 1 x 1 kpc squared and vertically 2 kpc, symmetric about the galactic mid-plane. They routinely span gas number densities 1/10000 to 100 per cubic cm, temperatures 100 to 100 MK, speeds up to 10000 km/s and Mach number up to 25. Radiative cooling is applied from two widely adopted parameterizations, and compared directly to assess the sensitivity of the results to cooling. There is strong evidence to describe the ISM as comprising well defined cold, warm and hot regions, which are statistically close to thermal and total pressure equilibrium. This result is not sensitive to the choice of parameters considered here. The distribution of the gas density within each can be robustly modelled as lognormal. Appropriate distinction is required between the properties of t...

Gent, Frederick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Front-End Board with Cyclone V as a Test High-Resolution Platform for the Auger-Beyond-2015 Front End Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface detector (SD) array of the Pierre Auger Observatory containing at present 1680 water Cherenkov detectors spread over an area of 3000 km^2 started to operate since 2004. The currently used Front-End Boards are equipped with no-more produced ACEX and obsolete Cyclone FPGA (40 MSps/15-bit of dynamic range). Huge progress in electronics and new challenges from physics impose a significant upgrade of the SD electronics either to improve a quality of measurements (much higher sampling and much wider dynamic range) or pick-up from a background extremely rare events (new FPGA algorithms based on sophisticated approaches like e.g. spectral triggers or neural networks). Much higher SD sensitivity is necessary to confirm or reject hypotheses critical for a modern astrophysics. The paper presents the Front-End Board (FEB) with the biggest Cyclone V E FPGA 5CEFA9F31I7N, supporting 8 channels sampled with max. 250 MSps @ 14-bit resolution. Considered sampling for the SD is 120 MSps, however, the FEB has been developed with external anti-aliasing filters to keep a maximal flexibility. Six channels are targeted to the SD, two the rest for other experiments like: Auger Engineering Radio Array and additional muon counters. The FEB is an intermediate design pluged-in the actually used Unified Board communicating with micro-controller at 40 MHz, however providing even 250 MSPs sampling with 20-bit dynamic range, equipped in a virtual NIOS processor and supporting 256 MB of SDRAM as well as with an implemented spectral trigger based on the Discrete Cosine Transform for a detection of very inclined "old" showers. The FEB can also support a neural network developing for a detection of "young" showers, potentially generated by neutrinos.

Zbigniew Szadkowski

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

Detecting dense communities in large social and information networks with the Core & Peel algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting and characterizing dense subgraphs (tight communities) in social and information networks is an important exploratory tool in social network analysis. Several approaches have been proposed that either (i) partition the whole network into clusters, even in low density region, or (ii) are aimed at finding a single densest community (and need to be iterated to find the next one). As social networks grow larger both approaches (i) and (ii) result in algorithms too slow to be practical, in particular when speed in analyzing the data is required. In this paper we propose an approach that aims at balancing efficiency of computation and expressiveness and manageability of the output community representation. We define the notion of a partial dense cover (PDC) of a graph. Intuitively a PDC of a graph is a collection of sets of nodes that (a) each set forms a disjoint dense induced subgraphs and (b) its removal leaves the residual graph without dense regions. Exact computation of PDC is an NP-complete problem...

Pellegrini, Marco; Baglioni, Miriam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electron ion interactions in crystal channels: Collisions in ultra-dense electron media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dielectronic excitation of H-like S, Ca and Ti is shown to occur in the dense electron gas of a crystal channel. Cross sections for collisional ionization of the short lived excited states can then be determined. Ionic excitation can also be achieved by resonant coherent excitation in which case specific m states can be excited for further study. 12 refs., 8 figs.

Datz, S.; Dittner, P.F.; Gomez del Campo, J.; Krause, H.F.; Rosseel, T.M.; Vane, C.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW. KEITH BURNS, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the corresponding orbit of the geodesic ow on S n ; n #21; 3, that is within " of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the complement

Burns, Keith

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPHERES WITH POSITIVE CURVATURE AND NEARLY DENSE ORBITS FOR THE GEODESIC FLOW. KEITH BURNS, that is within '' of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the corresponding orbit of the geodesic flow on S n ; n â?? 3, that is within '' of the round metric and has a geodesic for which the complement

342

C 2 DENSELY THE 2-SPHERE HAS AN ELLIPTIC CLOSED GEODESIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C 2 DENSELY THE 2-SPHERE HAS AN ELLIPTIC CLOSED GEODESIC GONZALO CONTRERAS AND FERNANDO OLIVEIRA by a C 1 metric whose geodesic ow has an elliptic closed geodesic. In this paper we show how to overcome-intersecting closed geodesic. This is, the linearized Poincar#19;e map of the geodesic ow at the closed geodesic has

Contreras,Gonzalo

343

Ab initio simulations of dense liquid deuterium: Comparison with gas gun shock wave experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ab initio simulations of dense liquid deuterium: Comparison with gas gun shock wave experiments functional calculations leading to excellent agreement with gas gun shock wave measurements, which have As a result of this discrep- ancy, considerable attention is now being paid to older gas gun shock wave

Militzer, Burkhard

344

Kaon Production from Hot and Dense Matter Formed in Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are then extended to determine kaon production in hot, dense nuclear matter by taking into account the decreasing hadron masses as a result of the restoration of chiral symmetry and the condensation of kaons. We find that the cross sections for kaon production from...

Brown, G. E.; Ko, Che Ming; Wu, Z. G.; Xia, L. H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

SQBC: An efficient subgraph matching method over large and dense graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent progress in biology and computer science have generated many complicated networks, most of which can be modeled as large and dense graphs. Developing effective and efficient subgraph match methods over these graphs is urgent, meaningful and necessary. ... Keywords: Algorithm, Database, Graph theory, Index strategy, Large network, Subgraph isomorphism

Weiguo Zheng; Lei Zou; Xiang Lian; Huaming Zhang; Wei Wang; Dongyan Zhao

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

MA et al.: SKETCH RETRIEVAL VIA STROKE FEATURES 1 Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA et al.: SKETCH RETRIEVAL VIA STROKE FEATURES 1 Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features Chao search method. In this paper, we propose a representation scheme which takes sketch strokes into account with local features, thereby facilitat- ing efficient retrieval with codebooks. Stroke features are detected

Yang, Ming-Hsuan

347

Video Object Segmentation through Spatially Accurate and Temporally Dense Extraction of Primary Object Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video Object Segmentation through Spatially Accurate and Temporally Dense Extraction of Primary primary object segments in videos in the `object proposal' domain. The extracted primary object regions are then used to build object models for optimized video segmentation. The proposed approach has several

Wu, Shin-Tson

348

Electrical Conductivity of Dense Quark Matter with Fluctuations and Magnetic Field Included  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the electrical conductivity(EC) of dense quark matter in the vicinity of the phase transition line. We show that: (i) At high density the Drude EC does not depend on the magnetic field up to $eB \\sim 10^{19} \\ G$. (ii) In the precritical region the fluctuation EC (paraconductivity) dominates over the Drude one.

B. O. Kerbikov; M. A. Andreichikov

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

349

CROISSANCE DES PLANTES EN SOUS-BOIS DE FORET DENSE HUMIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CROISSANCE DES PLANTES EN SOUS-BOIS DE FORET DENSE HUMIDE (MAKOKOU, GABON) Annette HLADIK* et Gabon. Les plantes ont ete observees sur 2 transects etablis de maniere 'comparative au sein de la mosai pouvoir observer Ie devenir a long terme des for- mes vivantes marquees: au Gabon, la station IRET

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

Quasitransient backward Raman amplification of powerful laser pulses in dense plasmas with multicharged ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are found. The calculation, applicable to infrared, ultraviolet, soft x-ray, and x-ray laser pulses, takes technique is also applicable to shorter wavelength laser pulses including x-ray pulses for which CPA cannotQuasitransient backward Raman amplification of powerful laser pulses in dense plasmas

351

A nonlinear model for magnetoacoustic waves in dense dissipative plasmas with degenerate electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of nonlinear fast magnetoacoustic waves in dense dissipative plasmas with degenerate electrons are studied theoretically in the framework of the Zabolotskaya-Khokhlov (ZK) equation for small but finite amplitude excitations. Shock-like solutions of the ZK equation are obtained and are applied to parameters relevant to white dwarf stars.

Masood, W. [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan); National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan); Jahangir, R.; Siddiq, M. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan); Eliasson, B. [SUPA, Physics Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY that there is a Gffioe-ideal of compact sets which is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD partial orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Moore, Justin Tatch

353

One step process for producing dense aluminum nitride and composites thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A one step combustion process for the synthesis of dense aluminum nitride compositions is disclosed. The process comprises igniting pure aluminum powder in a nitrogen atmosphere at a pressure of about 1000 atmospheres or higher. The process enables the production of aluminum nitride bodies to be formed directly in a mold of any desired shape.

Holt, J. Birch (San Jose, CA); Kingman, Donald D. (Danville, CA); Bianchini, Gregory M. (Livermore, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Seattle, WA 98195 USA {memott, wobbrock}@uw.edu ABSTRACT We present the Bubble Lens, a new target acquisition technique that remedies the limitations of the Bubble Cursor to increase the speed and accuracy

Wobbrock, Jacob O.

355

SERS-Coded Gold Nanorods as a Multifunctional Platform for Densely Multiplexed Near-Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SERS-Coded Gold Nanorods as a Multifunctional Platform for Densely Multiplexed Near-Infrared. In this work, we show that the near-infrared plasmon resonance of gold nanorods (NRs) may be exploited in the near-infrared, a spectral multiplexing density over an order of magnitude greater than attainable

Bhatia, Sangeeta

356

Modeling nuclear fusion in dense plasmas using a cryogenic non-neutral plasmaa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nuclear reaction rate in a dense neutral plasma and the energy equipartition rate in a strongly magnetized and at low temperatures, cyclotron energy, like nuclear energy, is released only through rare close as for nuclear reactions. Rate enhancements of up to 1010 are measured in simulations of equipartition

California at San Diego, University of

357

Forward Raman compression via photonic band gap in metals or warm dense matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The group velocity of a light pulse in photonic band gap material could considerably deviate from the speed of light in vacuum. A forward stoke and a pump pulse of different speeds would enable the Raman compression in metals or the warm dense matter. A small window of the parameter regime, where the compression is feasible via the forward Raman scattering, is identified.

Son, S. [18 Caleb Lane, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States); Moon, Sung Joon [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Plasma cutoff and enhancement of radiative transitions in dense stellar matter P. S. Shternin* and D. G. Yakovlev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasma cutoff and enhancement of radiative transitions in dense stellar matter P. S. Shternin-Petersburg 194021, Russia (Received 7 March 2009; published 5 June 2009) We study plasma effects on radiative transitions (e.g., decay of excited states of atoms or atomic nuclei) in a dense plasma at the transition

359

Electrorheological response of dense strontium titanyl oxalate suspensions Carlos S. Orellana, Jinbo He and Heinrich M. Jaeger*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrorheological response of dense strontium titanyl oxalate suspensions Carlos S. Orellana experiments on dense suspensions of strontium titanyl oxalate in silicon oil, where we find a yield stress suspensions of titanium dioxide, calcium titanyl oxalate and strontium titanyl oxalate particles.11

Jaeger, Heinrich M.

360

Interactions of a Light Hypersonic Jet with a Non-Uniform Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present three dimensional simulations of the interaction of a light hypersonic jet with an inhomogeneous thermal and turbulently supported disk in an elliptical galaxy. We model the jet as a light, supersonic non-relativistic flow with parameters selected to be consistent with a relativistic jet with kinetic power just above the FR1/FR2 break. We identify four generic phases in the evolution of such a jet with the inhomogeneous interstellar medium: 1) an initial ``flood and channel'' phase, where progress is characterized by high pressure gas finding changing weak points in the ISM, flowing through channels that form and re-form over time, 2) a spherical, energy-driven bubble phase, were the bubble is larger than the disk scale, but the jet remains fully disrupted close to the nucleus, 3) a rapid, jet break--out phase the where jet breaks free of the last dense clouds, becomes collimated and pierces the spherical bubble, and 4) a classical phase, the jet propagates in a momentum-dominated fashion leading to the classical jet + cocoon + bow-shock structure. Mass transport in the simulations is investigated, and we propose a model for the morphology and component proper motions in the well-studied Compact Symmetric Object 4C31.04.

R. S. Sutherland; G. V. Bicknell

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Interactions of a Light Hypersonic Jet with a Non-Uniform Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present three dimensional simulations of the interaction of a light hypersonic jet with an inhomogeneous thermal and turbulently supported disk in an elliptical galaxy. We model the jet as a light, supersonic non-relativistic flow with parameters selected to be consistent with a relativistic jet with kinetic power just above the FR1/FR2 break. We identify four generic phases in the evolution of such a jet with the inhomogeneous interstellar medium: 1) an initial ``flood and channel'' phase, where progress is characterized by high pressure gas finding changing weak points in the ISM, flowing through channels that form and re-form over time, 2) a spherical, energy-driven bubble phase, were the bubble is larger than the disk scale, but the jet remains fully disrupted close to the nucleus, 3) a rapid, jet break--out phase the where jet breaks free of the last dense clouds, becomes collimated and pierces the spherical bubble, and 4) a classical phase, the jet propagates in a momentum-dominated fashion leading t...

Sutherland, R S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Theory and Phenomenology of Vector Mesons in Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic probes promise to be direct messengers of (spectral properties of) hot and dense matter formed in heavy-ion collisions, even at soft momentum transfers essential for characterizing possible phase transitions. We examine how far we have progressed toward this goal by highlighting recent developments, and trying to establish connections between lattice QCD, effective hadronic models and phenomenology of dilepton production.

Ralf Rapp

2007-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

363

Optical quantum swapping in a coherent atomic medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to realize a passive optical quantum swapping device which allows for the exchange of the quantum fluctuations of two bright optical fields interacting with a coherent atomic medium in an optical cavity. The device is based on a quantum interference process between the fields within the cavity bandwidth arising from coherent population trapping in the atomic medium.

Aurelien Dantan

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

364

The ion potential in warm dense matter: wake effects due to streaming degenerate electrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effective dynamically screened potential of a classical ion in a stationary flowing quantum plasma at finite temperature is investigated. This is a key quantity for thermodynamics and transport of dense plasmas in the warm dense matter regime. To compute this potential a linear response description of the electrons via the Mermin dielectric function is utilized with electron-electron collisions taken into account via a relaxation time approximation. The ion potential strongly deviates from the static Yukawa potential exhibiting the familiar oscillatory structure with attractive minima (wake potential). This potential is analyzed in detail for high-density plasmas with values of the Brueckner parameter in the range $0.1 \\le r_s \\le 1$, for a broad range of plasma temperature and electron streaming velocity. It is shown that wake effects become weaker with increasing temperature of the electrons. Finally, we obtain the minimal electron streaming velocity for which attraction between ions occurs. This veloci...

Moldabekov, Zhandos; Bonitz, Michael; Ramazano, Tlekkabul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Negative refraction with tunable absorption in an active dense gas of atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of negative index materials (NIM) presently are severely limited by absorption. Next to improvements of metamaterial designs, it has been suggested that dense gases of atoms could form a NIM with negligible losses. In such gases, the low absorption is facilitated by quantum interference. Here, we show that additional gain mechanisms can be used to tune and effectively remove absorption in a dense gas NIM. In our setup, the atoms are coherently prepared by control laser fields, and further driven by a weak incoherent pump field to induce gain. We employ nonlinear optical Bloch equations to analyze the optical response. Metastable Neon is identified as a suitable experimental candidate at infrared frequencies to implement a lossless active negative index material.

P. P. Orth; R. Hennig; C. H. Keitel; J. Evers

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Renormalization shielding and eikonal analysis on the atomic collision in dense partially ionized hydrogen plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The renormalization plasma screening effects on the electron-ion collision are investigated in dense partially ionized hydrogen plasmas. The Hamilton-Jacobi and eikonal methods with the effective interaction potential are employed to obtain the eikonal scattering phase shift and eikonal cross section for the electron-ion collision. It is found that the influence of renormalization screening strongly suppresses the eikonal scattering phase shift as well as the eikonal cross section, especially, for small impact parameter regions. In addition, the renormalization screening effect reduces the total eikonal cross section in all energy domains. The variation of the renormalization effects on the electron-ion collision in dense partially ionized hydrogen plasmas is also discussed.

Kim, Sung Soo [Department of Applied Mathematics, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Applied Mathematics, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Young-Dae [Department of Applied Physics and Department of Bionanotechnology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Applied Physics and Department of Bionanotechnology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 Eighth Street, Troy, New York 12180-3590 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Shock waves and double layers in electron degenerate dense plasma with viscous ion fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of ion-acoustic shock waves and double layers propagating in a viscous degenerate dense plasma (containing inertial viscous ion fluid, non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic degenerate electron fluid, and negatively charged stationary heavy element) is investigated. A new nonlinear equation (viz. Gardner equation with additional dissipative term) is derived by the reductive perturbation method. The properties of the ion-acoustic shock waves and double layers are examined by the analysis of the shock and double layer solutions of this new equation (we would like to call it “M-Z equation”). It is found that the properties of these shock and double layer structures obtained from this analysis are significantly different from those obtained from the analysis of standard Gardner or Burgers’ equation. The implications of our results to dense plasmas in astrophysical objects (e.g., non-rotating white dwarf stars) are briefly discussed.

Mamun, A. A. [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar (Bangladesh)] [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar (Bangladesh); Zobaer, M. S. [Department of Applied Science, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Tejgaon (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Science, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Tejgaon (Bangladesh)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Ionization and equation of state of dense xenon at high pressures and high temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ionization degree and equation of state of dense xenon plasma were calculated by using self-consistent fluid variational theory for temperature of 4–30kK and density of 0.01–8.5g?cm3. The dense fluid xenon will be ionized at high pressures and temperatures. The ionization energy of xenon will be lowered due to the interactions among all particles of Xe, Xe+, Xe2+, and e. The ionization degree is obtained from nonideal ionization equilibrium, taking into account the correlative contributions to the chemical potential which is determined self-consistently by the free energy function. The composition of xenon has been calculated with given densities and temperatures in the region of partial ionization. The calculated results show a pressure softening regime at the onset of ionization. Comparison is performed with available shock-wave experiments and other theoretical calculations.

Q. F. Chen, L. C. Cai, Y. J. Gu, and Y. Gu

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

369

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Medium Impact Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS December 4, 2012 V-039: Samsung and Dell printers Firmware Backdoor Unauthorized Access Vulnerability Samsung has issued a security advisory and an optional firmware update for all current Samsung networked laser printers and multifunction devices to enhance Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) security. November 30, 2012 V-037: Wireshark Multiple Bugs Let Remote Users Deny Service Several vulnerabilities were reported in Wireshark. November 29, 2012 V-036: EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager Database Authentication Bypass Vulnerability Two vulnerabilities were reported in EMC Smarts Network Configuration Manager. November 27, 2012 V-034: RSA Adaptive Authentication (On-Premise) Input Validation Flaws

370

Electromagnetic field quantization in a linear dielectric medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By modeling a dielectric medium with two independent reservoirs, i.e., electric and magnetic reservoirs, the electromagnetic field is quantized in a linear dielectric medium consistently. A Hamiltonian is proposed from which using the Heisenberg equations, not only the Maxwell equations but also the structural equations can be obtained. Using the Laplace transformation, the wave equation for the electromagnetic vector potential is solved in the case of a homogeneous dielectric medium. Some examples are considered showing the applicability of the model to both absorptive and nonabsorptive dielectrics.

F. Kheirandish; M. Amooshahi

2005-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

A pulsed power hydrodynamics approach to exploring properties of warm dense matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsed Power Hydrodynamics, as an application of low-impedance, pulsed power, and high magnetic field technology developed over the last decade to study advanced hydrodynamic problems, instabilities, turbulence, and material properties, can potentially be applied to the study of the behavior and properties of warm dense matter (WDM) as well. Exploration of the properties, such as equation of state and conductivity, of warm dense matter is an emerging area of study focused on the behavior of matter at density near solid density (from 10% of solid density to a few times solid density) and modest temperatures ({approx}1-10 eV). Warm dense matter conditions can be achieved by laser or particle beam heating of very small quantities of matter on timescales short compared to the subsequent hydrodynamic expansion timescales (isochoric heating) and a vigorous community of researchers is applying these techniques using petawatt scale laser systems, but the microscopic size scale of the WDM produced in this way limits access to some physics phenomena. Pulsed power hydrodynamics techniques, either through high convergence liner compression of a large volume, modest density, low temperature plasma to densities approaching solid density or through the explosion and subsequent expansion of a conductor (wire) against a high pressure (density) gas background (isobaric expansion) techniques both offer the prospect for producing warm dense matter in macroscopic quantities. However, both techniques demand substantial energy, proper power conditioning and delivery, and an understanding of the hydrodynamic and instability processes that limit each technique. Similarly, liner compression of normal density material, perhaps using multiple reflected shocks can provide access to the challenging region above normal density -- again with the requirement of very large amounts of driving energy. In this paper we will provide an introduction to techniques that might be applied to explore this interesting new application of the energy-rich technology of pulse power and high magnetic fields.

Reinovsky, Robert Emil [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Improved Adhesion of Dense Silica Coatings on Polymers by Atmospheric Plasma Pretreatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Adhesion of Dense Silica Coatings on Polymers by Atmospheric Plasma Pretreatment ... In another study,(7) which compared the treatments of low- and atmospheric-pressure plasmas, the authors reported that the low-pressure plasma treatment increased the adhesion with extended treatment time but prolonged atmospheric-pressure plasma treatment decreased the adhesion to epoxy. ... The authors begin with a brief overview of adhesion theory, and of the physics and chem. of cold plasmas. ...

Linying Cui; Alpana N. Ranade; Marvi A. Matos; Geraud Dubois; Reinhold H. Dauskardt

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electromagnetic radiation in a time-varying background medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical solutions are presented for the electromagnetic radiation by an arbitrary pulsed source into a homogeneous time-varying background medium. In the constant-impedance case an explicit radiation formula is obtained for the synchronous permittivity and permeability described by any positive function of time. As might be expected, such a medium introduces significant spectral shifts and spatio-temporal modulation, which are analized here for the linear and exponential time-variations of the medium parameters. In the varying-impedance case the solution is obtained for the fourth-order polynomial time-dependence of the permittivity. In addition to the spectral shifts and modulation this spatially homogeneous medium scatters the field introducing causal echoes at the receiver location.

Budko, Neil V

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Multiphase turbulent interstellar medium: some recent results from radio astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radio frequency 1.4 GHz transition of the atomic hydrogen is one of the important tracers of the diffuse neutral interstellar medium. Radio astronomical observations of this transition, using either a single dish telescope or an array interferometer, reveal different properties of the interstellar medium. Such observations are particularly useful to study the multiphase nature and turbulence in the interstellar gas. Observations with multiple radio telescopes have recently been used to study these two closely related aspects in greater detail. Using various observational techniques, the density and the velocity fluctuations in the Galactic interstellar medium was found to have a Kolmogorov-like power law power spectra. The observed power law scaling of the turbulent velocity dispersion with the length scale can be used to derive the true temperature distribution of the medium. Observations from a large ongoing atomic hydrogen absorption line survey have also been used to study the distribution of gas at d...

Roy, Nirupam

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Georgia Power - Small and Medium Scale Advanced Solar Initiative (GPASI)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Georgia Power - Small and Medium Scale Advanced Solar Initiative Georgia Power - Small and Medium Scale Advanced Solar Initiative (GPASI) (Georgia) Georgia Power - Small and Medium Scale Advanced Solar Initiative (GPASI) (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 03/01/2013 State Georgia Program Type Other Incentive Provider GPASI Project Manager '''''Note: The application process for the small and medium scale solar programs began on March 1, 2013 and will continue through March 11, 2013. If completed applications exceed program capacity limit of 45 megawatts (MW), a lottery will be conducted, with Georgia Public Service Commission

376

Patch nearfield acoustic holography in a moving medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To realize the accurate reconstruction of sound field in a moving medium under the condition of limited holographic aperture, a patch nearfield acoustic holography (NAH) in a moving medium is proposed. The proposed method not only reduces the influence caused by the limited aperture effects through sound field extrapolation, but also perfectly suits for sound field reconstruction in a moving medium by improving the shape of the modified Tikhonov regularization filter and the noise estimation method in accordance with flow effects. In the method, two cases that the flow direction is parallel to and perpendicular to the hologram surface are considered. Especially in the perpendicular case, the expression of the wavenumber component in the z direction is improved to make the proposed method suitable for the moving medium at a high Mach number. Simulations are investigated to examine the performance of the proposed method and show its advantages by comparing with NAH in a moving medium and the conventional patch NAH. It is found that, the proposed method is effective and robust at different flow velocities of the medium and different frequencies of the sound source.

Bi-Chun Dong; Chuan-Xing Bi; Xiao-Zheng Zhang; Yong-Bin Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Improved yeast tolerance to ethanol-induced death by centrifugates of dense cell suspensions incubated with ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol-induced death rate was higher for cells...Saccharomyces bayanus orKluyveromyces marxianus in spanse suspensions (2×104 cells/ml) compared with dense suspensions (2×105–2×107...cells/ml). Specific death ra...

R. C. Nabais; I. Sá-Correia; J. M. Novais

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Physical processes of the interaction of ion and plasma streams with a target surface in a dense plasma focus device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamics of the interaction of powerful streams of high-temperature plasma and fast ions generated in a device of the “Dense Plasma Focus” (DPF) type has been studied for...Z...axis of the DPF chamber on its cath...

V. A. Gribkov; A. S. Demin; E. V. Demina; A. V. Dubrovsky…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple apple swan giraffe mug giraffe giraffe giraffe bottle swan giraffe swan swan swan swan apple apple apple apple bottle bottle swan

Yang, Ming-Hsuan

380

Dense, low-power sensor network for three-dimensional thermal characterization of large-scale atria spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the design and implementation of a dense, low-power wireless sensor network for fine-grained three-dimensional thermal characterization of a large open indoor space. To better understand the airflow dynamics ...

Gong, Nan-Wei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Fusion Generated Fast Particles by Laser Impact on Ultra-Dense Deuterium: Rapid Variation with Laser Intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear fusion D+D processes are studied by nanosecond pulsed laser interaction with ultra-dense deuterium. This material...29 cm?3 as shown in several previous publications. Laser power is <2 W (0.2 J pulses) an...

Patrik U. Andersson; Leif Holmlid

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Distribution of Pressures in a Supernova-Driven Interstellar Medium. I. Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations have suggested substantial departures from pressure equilibrium in the interstellar medium (ISM) in the plane of the Galaxy, even on scales under 50 pc. Nevertheless, multi-phase models of the ISM assume at least locally isobaric gas. The pressure then determines the density reached by gas cooling to stable thermal equilibrium. We use numerical models of the magnetized ISM to examine the consequences of supernova driving for interstellar pressures. In this paper we examine a (200 pc)^3 periodic domain threaded by magnetic fields. Individual parcels of gas at different pressures reach widely varying points on the thermal equilibrium curve: no unique set of phases is found, but rather a dynamically-determined continuum of densities and temperatures. A substantial fraction of the gas remains entirely out of thermal equilibrium. Our results appear consistent with observations of interstellar pressures. They also suggest that the high pressures observed in molecular clouds may be due to ram pressures in addition to gravitational forces. Much of the gas in our model lies far from equipartition between thermal and magnetic pressures, with ratios ranging from 0.1 to $10^4$ and ratios of uniform to fluctuating magnetic field of 0.5--1. Our models show broad pressure probability distribution functions with log-normal functional forms produced by both shocks and rarefaction waves, rather than power-law distributions produced by isolated supernova remnants. The width of the distribution can be described quantitatively by a formula derived from the work of Padoan, Nordlund, & Jones (1997).

Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Dinshaw S. Balsara; Jongsoo Kim; Miguel A. Avillez

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

383

Numerical simulation of dilute and dense layered coal-dust explosions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Multidimensional time-dependent simulations were performed to study the interaction of a shock wave and resulting shear layer with layers of coal dust. The simulations used a high-order compressible numerical method for fluid dynamics and included a Eulerian kinetic-theory-based granular multiphase model applicable over a range from dense to dilute particle volume fractions. Two cases were considered: a loose dust layer with an initial volume fraction of 1%, and a dense dust layer with an initial volume fraction of 47%. For both cases, the final result is a coupled complex consisting of a shock leading a coal-dust flame. In the simulations presented here, a shock is initially produced from remnants of a natural gas detonation, which has decayed into a shock once it passes into a region containing no gaseous fuel. This shock weakens further due to mechanical and thermal losses from lifting and entraining the coal dust. The lifted dust subsequently ignites in the shock-heated air and produces a structure similar to a mixing-limited, nonpremixed flame. The flame consists of a burning coal dust wave that follows the shock. The distance between the shock and ignition point is determined by the induction length of carbon char, which is ? 170 cm and ? 15 cm for the 47% and 1% cases, respectively. The burning of coal particles is predominantly from heterogeneous reactions with carbon char, and volatilized methane combustion is a secondary effect. Air and particles are mixed by relative velocity between the gas and solid phases. Coal particles burn and produce pressure waves that accelerate the shock from Mach 2.2 to 2.6 for the dilute layer, and from Mach 1.7 to 1.8 in the dense layer.

Ryan W. Houim; Elaine S. Oran

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Computerized detection of breast cancer on automated breast ultrasound imaging of women with dense breasts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Develop a computer-aided detection method and investigate its feasibility for detection of breast cancer in automated 3D ultrasound images of women with dense breasts. Methods: The HIPAA compliant study involved a dataset of volumetric ultrasound image data, “views,” acquired with an automated U-Systems Somo•V{sup ®} ABUS system for 185 asymptomatic women with dense breasts (BI-RADS Composition/Density 3 or 4). For each patient, three whole-breast views (3D image volumes) per breast were acquired. A total of 52 patients had breast cancer (61 cancers), diagnosed through any follow-up at most 365 days after the original screening mammogram. Thirty-one of these patients (32 cancers) had a screening-mammogram with a clinically assigned BI-RADS Assessment Category 1 or 2, i.e., were mammographically negative. All software used for analysis was developed in-house and involved 3 steps: (1) detection of initial tumor candidates, (2) characterization of candidates, and (3) elimination of false-positive candidates. Performance was assessed by calculating the cancer detection sensitivity as a function of the number of “marks” (detections) per view. Results: At a single mark per view, i.e., six marks per patient, the median detection sensitivity by cancer was 50.0% (16/32) ± 6% for patients with a screening mammogram-assigned BI-RADS category 1 or 2—similar to radiologists’ performance sensitivity (49.9%) for this dataset from a prior reader study—and 45.9% (28/61) ± 4% for all patients. Conclusions: Promising detection sensitivity was obtained for the computer on a 3D ultrasound dataset of women with dense breasts at a rate of false-positive detections that may be acceptable for clinical implementation.

Drukker, Karen, E-mail: kdrukker@uchicago.edu; Sennett, Charlene A.; Giger, Maryellen L. [Department of Radiology, MC2026, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, MC2026, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

EARLY STAGES OF CLUSTER FORMATION: FRAGMENTATION OF MASSIVE DENSE CORES DOWN TO {approx}< 1000 AU  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to study the fragmentation of massive dense cores, which constitute the cluster cradles, we observed the continuum at 1.3 mm and the CO (2-1) emission of four massive cores with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer in the most extended configuration. We detected dust condensations down to {approx}0.3 M {sub Sun} and separate millimeter sources down to 0.''4 or {approx}< 1000 AU, comparable to the sensitivities and separations reached in optical/infrared studies of clusters. The CO (2-1) high angular resolution images reveal high-velocity knots usually aligned with previously known outflow directions. This, in combination with additional cores from the literature observed at similar mass sensitivity and spatial resolution, allowed us to build a sample of 18 protoclusters with luminosities spanning three orders of magnitude. Among the 18 regions, {approx}30% show no signs of fragmentation, while 50% split up into {approx}> 4 millimeter sources. We compiled a list of properties for the 18 massive dense cores, such as bolometric luminosity, total mass, and mean density, and found no correlation of any of these parameters with the fragmentation level. In order to investigate the combined effects of the magnetic field, radiative feedback, and turbulence in the fragmentation process, we compared our observations to radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulations and found that the low-fragmented regions are reproduced well in the magnetized core case, while the highly fragmented regions are consistent with cores where turbulence dominates over the magnetic field. Overall, our study suggests that the fragmentation in massive dense cores could be determined by the initial magnetic field/turbulence balance in each particular core.

Palau, Aina; Girart, Josep M. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB-Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain)] [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB-Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain); Fuente, Asuncion [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, P.O. Box 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain)] [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, P.O. Box 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain); Estalella, Robert [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia (IEEC-UB), Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti Franques, 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)] [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia (IEEC-UB), Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti Franques, 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Ho, Paul T. P.; Zhang, Qizhou [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Sanchez-Monge, Alvaro; Fontani, Francesco; Cesaroni, Riccardo [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, INAF, Lago E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)] [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, INAF, Lago E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Busquet, Gemma [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Area di Recerca di Tor Vergata, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy)] [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Area di Recerca di Tor Vergata, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Commercon, Benoit; Hennebelle, Patrick [Laboratoire de Radioastronomie, UMR CNRS 8112, Ecole Normale Superieure et Observatoire de Paris, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [Laboratoire de Radioastronomie, UMR CNRS 8112, Ecole Normale Superieure et Observatoire de Paris, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Boissier, Jeremie [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)] [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Zapata, Luis A., E-mail: palau@ieec.uab.es [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

Heat transfer modeling at an interface between a porous medium and a free region.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work deals with the study of heat transfer between a porous medium and a free medium, using multi scale approaches. First, we derive the… (more)

D'hueppe, Aliénor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - areas medium sized Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medium... file with tables 12;Simulation Progress Modeled 802.15.4 Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),...

388

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkaline medium peliculas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rate: medium Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig... requirement: tree grows in full sun Soil tolerances: clay; loam; sand; slightly alkaline; acidic;...

389

Medium Modifications of Hadron Properties and Partonic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chiral symmetry is one of the most fundamental symmetries in QCD. It is closely connected to hadron properties in the nuclear medium via the reduction of the quark condensate , manifesting the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. To better understand this important issue, a number of Jefferson Lab experiments over the past decade have focused on understanding properties of mesons and nucleons in the nuclear medium, often benefiting from the high polarization and luminosity of the CEBAF accelerator. In particular, a novel, accurate, polarization transfer measurement technique revealed for the first time a strong indication that the bound proton electromagnetic form factors in 4He may be modified compared to those in the vacuum. Second, the photoproduction of vector mesons on various nuclei has been measured via their decay to e+e- to study possible in-medium effects on the properties of the rho meson. In this experiment, no significant mass shift and some broadening consistent with expected collisional broadening for the rho meson has been observed, providing tight constraints on model calculations. Finally, processes involving in-medium parton propagation have been studied. The medium modifications of the quark fragmentation functions have been extracted with much higher statistical accuracy than previously possible.

W. K. Brooks; S. Strauch; K. Tsushima

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

390

Modeling nuclear fusion in dense plasmas using a cryogenic non-neutral plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analogy between the nuclear reaction rate in a dense neutral plasma and the energy equipartition rate in a strongly magnetized non-neutral plasma is discussed. This analogy allows the first detailed measurements of plasma screening enhancements in the strong screening and pycnonuclear regimes. In strong magnetic fields and at low temperatures, cyclotron energy, like nuclear energy, is released only through rare close collisions between charges. The probability of such collisions is enhanced by plasma screening, just as for nuclear reactions. Rate enhancements of up to 10{sup 10} are measured in simulations of equipartition, and are compared to theories of screened nuclear reactions.

Dubin, Daniel H. E. [Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Crystallographic Characteristics of Grain Boundaries in Dense Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain-boundary plane, misorientation angle, grain size, and grain-boundary energy distributions were quantified using electron backscatter diffraction data for dense polycrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia, to understand interfacial crystallography in solid oxide fuel cells. Tape-cast samples were sintered at 14501C for 4 h and annealed for at least 100 h between 8001C and 16501C. Distributions obtained from both three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions and stereological analyses of 2D sections demonstrated that the (100) boundary planes {(111)} have relative areas larger {smaller} than expected in a random distribution, and that the boundary plane distribution is inversely correlated to the boundary energy distribution.

Lam Helmick; Shen J. Dillon; Kirk Gerdes; Randall Gemmen; Gregory S. Rohrer; Sridhar Seetharaman; Paul A. Salvador

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The dispersion of dense effluent from an inclined jet discharging into still fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Reid This thesis considers the dispersion of a dense effLuent, such as discharged by a desalination plant, in s. still, initially homogeneous fluid. The solution - s applica'ble near the effluent source where the momen- tum of the source... on the jet axis as a function of s E 0 F J 0 centerline value of s at the orifice nozzle densimetric Froude numbe: local densimetric Froude number acceleration due to gravity momentum transport from the source turbulent exchange co ff'cient defined...

Mitchell, Thomas Mark

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

393

Hard x-ray or gamma ray laser by a dense electron beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A coherent x-ray or gamma ray can be created from a dense electron beam propagating through an intense laser undulator. It is analyzed by using the Landau damping theory which suits better than the conventional linear analysis for the free electron laser, as the electron beam energy spread is high. The analysis suggests that the currently available physical parameters would enable the generation of the coherent gamma ray of up to 100 keV. The electron quantum diffraction suppresses the FEL action, by which the maximum radiation energy to be generated is limited.

S. Son; S. J. Moon

2012-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

394

Diquarks in the color-flavor locked phase of dense quark matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diquark excitations of dense quark matter are considered in the framework of the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with three types of massless quarks in the presence of a quark number chemical potential ?. We investigate the effective action of meson and diquark fields at sufficiently high values of ?, where the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase is realized, and prove the existence of NG bosons in the sector of pseudoscalar diquarks. In the sector of scalar diquarks an additional NG boson is found, corresponding to the spontaneous breaking of the U(1)B baryon symmetry in the CFL phase. Finally, the existence of massive scalar and pseudoscalar diquark excitations is demonstrated.

D. Ebert and K. G. Klimenko

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

395

Coupling highly excited nuclei to the atomic shell in dense astrophysical plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In dense astrophysical plasmas, neutron capture populates highly excited nuclear states close to the neutron threshold. The impact of additional low-energy nuclear excitations via coupling to the atomic shell on the ability of the so-formed compound nucleus to retain the captured neutron is investigated. We focus on the mechanism of nuclear excitation by electron capture in plasmas characterized by electron fluxes typical for the slow neutron capture process of stellar nucleosynthesis. The small effect of this further excitation on the neutron capture and gamma decay sequence relevant for nucleosynthesis is quantified and compared to the corresponding effect of an additional low-energy photoexcitation step.

Stephan Helmrich; Katja Spenneberg; Adriana Pálffy

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

396

Coupling highly excited nuclei to the atomic shell in dense astrophysical plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In dense astrophysical plasmas, neutron capture populates highly excited nuclear states close to the neutron threshold. The impact of additional low-energy nuclear excitations via coupling to the atomic shell on the ability of the so-formed compound nucleus to retain the captured neutron is investigated. We focus on the mechanism of nuclear excitation by electron capture in plasmas characterized by electron fluxes typical for the slow neutron capture process of stellar nucleosynthesis. The small effect of this further excitation on the neutron capture and gamma decay sequence relevant for nucleosynthesis is quantified and compared to the corresponding effect of an additional low-energy photoexcitation step.

Helmrich, Stephan; Pálffy, Adriana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Interaction of explosively driven dense plasmas with a low-intensity laser radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of first experiments on reflectivity of polarized light on an explosively driven dense xenon plasma are presented. The study of polarized reflectivity properties of the plasma was accomplished using a laser light of wavelength ? = 1064 nm and at incident angles ? = 0–30°. With density ? = 2.7 g cm?3, pressure P = 10.5 GPa and temperatures up to T ~ 3?104 K of the investigated plasma, conditions with strong Coulomb interaction (the nonideality parameter up to ? ~ 2.0) were present. Reflectivities, which were calculated via the Helmholtz equation incorporating a density profile for the plasma surface, are compared to the experimental results.

Yu Zaporozhets; V Mintsev; V Gryaznov; V Fortov; H Reinholz; G Röpke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Measurements of static electrical conductivity of a dense plasma in a magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New experimental setup for generation of a non-ideal plasma, placed in a magnetic field of up to 25 T, is presented. The plasma generation technique is based on gas compression and heating behind the front of a shock wave with the use of an explosively driven linear generator. The magnetic field is produced by a discharge of a capacitor through a solenoid reeled on the generator channel. DC electrical conductivity of the plasma is determined by two and four contact techniques. Possibilities of magnetized dense plasma generation are discussed.

N S Shilkin; D S Yuriev; S V Dudin; V B Mintsev; V E Fortov

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Enhancement of Resonant Thermonuclear Reaction Rates in Extremely Dense Stellar Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The enhancement factor of the resonant thermonuclear reaction rates is calculated for the extremely dense stellar plasmas in the liquid phase. In order to calculate the enhancement factor we use the screening potential which is deduced from the numerical experiment of the classical one-component plasma. It is found that the enhancement is tremendous for white dwarf densities if the ^{12}C + ^{12}C fusion cross sections show resonant behavior in the astrophysical energy range. We summarize our numerical results by accurate analytic fitting formulae.

Naoki Itoh; Nami Tomizawa; Shinya Wanajo; Satoshi Nozawa

2002-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

400

Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in Energy Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in Energy Business Financing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in Energy Business Financing Agency/Company /Organization: GVEP International Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan Topics: Finance Resource Type: Training materials User Interface: Website Website: www.gvepinternational.org/sites/default/files/manual_for_sme_energy_fi Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa Language: English The training manual is developed as a modular guide to enable energy entrepreneurs to acquire supplementary knowledge in order to expand their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Guidelines and Toolkits for Urban Transport Development in Medium Sized Cities in India Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: sti-india-uttoolkit.adb.org/ Transport Toolkit Region(s): Asia Related Tools Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) The World Bank - Transport ... further results Find Another Tool FIND TRANSPORTATION TOOLS This resource is designed to help decision makers and practitioners in states and municipal governments who are concerned with urban transport

402

JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Medium Impact Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins JC3 Medium Impact Assessment Bulletins RSS September 9, 2013 V-237: TYPO3 Security Bypass Vulnerabilities TYPO3 comes with the possibility to restrict editors to certain file actions (copy, delete, move etc.) and to restrict these actions to be performed in certain locations September 4, 2013 V-234: EMC RSA Archer GRC Open Redirection Weakness and Security Bypass Security Issue This fixes multiple vulnerabilities, which can be exploited to bypass certain security restrictions and to conduct spoofing attacks September 3, 2013 V-233: Red Hat update for JBoss Fuse This fixes multiple vulnerabilities, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions and cause a DoS. August 28, 2013 V-229: IBM Lotus iNotes Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting

403

The role of the mobile medium in multichannel CRM communication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Research concerning the multichannel environment in different industries and contexts is increasing. However, the majority of studies fail to acknowledge the different characteristics of each individual channel. Therefore, this study takes a closer look at the mobile medium within the multichannel environment in CRM. More specifically, the purpose of this study is to examine the role of the mobile medium among other channels within multichannel CRM communication. Based on the purpose of the study, this research builds on an empirical single-case study in the airline industry. The findings of the study indicate that the mobile medium has an important, albeit complementary, role within multichannel CRM communication. The role is enhanced when the company takes into account the phase of the customer relationship and, moreover, the customers' travelling process.

Jaakko Sinisalo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Quantum-mechanical description of in-medium fragmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum-mechanical description of quark-hadron fragmentation in a nuclear environment. It employs the path-integral formulation of quantum mechanics, which takes care of all phases and interferences, and which contains all relevant time scales, like production, coherence, formation, etc. The cross section includes the probability of pre-hadron (colorless dipole) production both inside and outside the medium. Moreover, it also includes inside-outside production, which is a typical quantum-mechanical interference effect (like twin-slit electron propagation). We observe a substantial suppression caused by the medium, even if the pre-hadron is produced outside the medium and no energy loss is involved. This important source of suppression is missed in the usual energy-loss scenario interpreting the effect of jet quenching observed in heavy ion collisions. This may be one of the reasons of a too large gluon density, reported by such analyzes.

B. Z. Kopeliovich; H. -J. Pirner; I. K. Potashnikova; Ivan Schmidt; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2008-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

405

Medium Modifications of Hadron Properties and Partonic Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chiral symmetry is one of the most fundamental symmetries in QCD. It is closely connected to hadron properties in the nuclear medium via the reduction of the quark condensate , manifesting the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. To better understand this important issue, a number of Jefferson Lab experiments over the past decade have focused on understanding properties of mesons and nucleons in the nuclear medium, often benefiting from the high polarization and luminosity of the CEBAF accelerator. In particular, a novel, accurate, polarization transfer measurement technique revealed for the first time a strong indication that the bound proton electromagnetic form factors in 4He may be modified compared to those in the vacuum. Second, the photoproduction of vector mesons on various nuclei has been measured via their decay to e+e- to study possible in-medium effects on the properties of the rho meson. In this experiment, no significant mass shift and some broadening consistent with expected collisional broa...

Brooks, W K; Tsushima, K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Demand response medium sized industry consumers (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

response medium sized industry consumers (Smart Grid Project) response medium sized industry consumers (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Demand response medium sized industry consumers Country Denmark Headquarters Location Aarhus, Denmark Coordinates 56.162937°, 10.203921° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.162937,"lon":10.203921,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

407

Feature - Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Report Looks at Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles New Report Looks at Fuel Economy for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles heavy duty trucks Argonne researcher Aymeric Rousseau was part of a National Academy of Science (NAS) committee established to make recommendations on improving and regulating fuel consumption for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. On March 31, the committee issued a report that evaluates various technologies and methods that could improve the fuel economy of these vehicles. As a system analysis engineer at Argonne's Center for Transportation Research, Rousseau contributed his expertise on vehicle modeling and simulation to the committee, which was comprised of 19 members from industry, research organizations and academia. Rousseau, who leads the development of Argonne's PSAT and Autonomie software tools, helped the committee determine how modeling and simulation tools can be used to:

408

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies: : Assessing the Potential for the Development of Second-generation Biofuels in the ESCWA Region Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices

409

The dense gas mass fraction in the W51 cloud and its protoclusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new 2 cm and 6 cm maps of H2CO, radio recombination lines, and the radio continuum in the W51 star forming complex acquired with Arecibo and the Green Bank Telescope at ~50" resolution. We use H2CO absorption to determine the relative line-of-sight positions of molecular and ionized gas. We measure gas densities using the H2CO densitometer, including continuous measurements of the dense gas mass fraction (DGMF) over the range 10^4 cm^-3 ~70% above n>10^4 cm^-3, while it is low, f 10^4 cm-3 is weakly correlated with low and moderate mass star formation, but does not strongly correlate with high-mass star formation. (3) The nondetection of H2CO emission implies that the emission detected in other galaxies, e.g. Arp 220, comes from high-density gas that is not directly affiliated with already-formed massive stars. Either the non-star-forming ISM of these galaxies is very dense, implying the star formation density threshold is higher, or H ii regions have their emission suppressed.

Ginsburg, Adam; Battersby, Cara; Youngblood, Allison; Darling, Jeremy; Rosolowsky, Erik; Arce, Hector; Santos, Mayra E Lebrón

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Carbon dioxide remediation via oxygen-enriched combustion using dense ceramic membranes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of combusting pulverized coal by mixing the pulverized coal and an oxidant gas to provide a pulverized coal-oxidant gas mixture and contacting the pulverized coal-oxidant gas mixture with a flame sufficiently hot to combust the mixture. An oxygen-containing gas is passed in contact with a dense ceramic membrane of metal oxide material having electron conductivity and oxygen ion conductivity that is gas-impervious until the oxygen concentration on one side of the membrane is not less than about 30% by volume. An oxidant gas with an oxygen concentration of not less than about 30% by volume and a CO.sub.2 concentration of not less than about 30% by volume and pulverized coal is contacted with a flame sufficiently hot to combust the mixture to produce heat and a flue gas. One dense ceramic membrane disclosed is selected from the group consisting of materials having formulae SrCo.sub.0.8 Fe.sub.0.2 O.sub.x, SrCo.sub.0.5 FeO.sub.x and La.sub.0.2 Sr.sub.0.8 Co.sub.0.4 Fe.sub.0.6 O.sub.x.

Balachandran, Uthamalingam (Hinsdale, IL); Bose, Arun C. (Pittsburgh, PA); McIlvried, Howard G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dense topological maps and partial pose estimation for visual control of an autonomous cleaning robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a mostly vision-based controller for mapping and completely covering a rectangular area by meandering cleaning lanes. The robot is guided along a parallel course by controlling the current distance to its previous lane. In order to frequently compute and–if necessary–correct the robot’s distance to the previous lane, a dense topological map of the robot’s workspace is built. The map stores snapshots, i.e. panoramic images, taken at regular distances while moving along a cleaning lane. For estimating the distance, we combine bearing information obtained by local visual homing with distance information derived from the robot’s odometry. In contrast to traditional mapping applications, we do not compute the robot’s full pose w.r.t. an external reference frame. We rather rely on partial pose estimation and only compute the sufficient and necessary information to solve the task. For our specific application this includes estimates of (i) the robot’s distance to the previous lane and of (ii) the robot’s orientation w.r.t. world coordinates. The results show that the proposed method achieves good results with only a small portion of overlap or gaps between the lanes. The dense topological representation of space and the proposed controller will be used as building blocks for more complex cleaning strategies making the robot capable of covering complex-shaped workspaces such as rooms or apartments.

L. Gerstmayr-Hillen; F. Röben; M. Krzykawski; S. Kreft; D. Venjakob; R. Möller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Surface tension in the cold and dense chiral transition and astrophysical applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The surface tension of cold and dense QCD phase transitions has appeared recently as a key ingredient in different astrophysical scenarios, ranging from core-colapse supernovae explosions to compact star structure. If the surface tension is low enough, observable consequences are possible. Its value is however not known from first-principle methods in QCD, calling for effective approaches. Working within the framework of homogeneous nucleation by Langer, we discuss the steps that are needed to obtain the nucleation parameters from a given effective potential. As a model for deriving the effective potential for the chiral transition, we adopt the linear sigma model with constituent quarks at very low temperatures, which provides an effective description for the thermodynamics of the strong interaction in cold and dense matter, and predict a surface tension of Sigma ~ 5--15 MeV/fm^2, well below previous estimates. Including temperature effects and vacuum logarithmic corrections, we find a clear competition between these features in characterizing the dynamics of the chiral phase conversion.

L. F. Palhares; E. S. Fraga

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

413

Chains of dense cores in the Taurus L1495/B213 complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Abridged) We study the kinematics of the dense gas in the Taurus L1495/B213 filamentary region to investigate the mechanism of core formation. We use observations of N2H+(1-0) and C18O(2-1) carried out with the IRAM 30m telescope. We find that the dense cores in L1495/B213 are significantly clustered in linear chain-like groups about 0.5pc long. The internal motions in these chains are mostly subsonic and the velocity is continuous, indicating that turbulence dissipation in the cloud has occurred at the scale of the chains and not at the smaller scale of the individual cores. The chains also present an approximately constant abundance of N2H+ and radial intensity profiles that can be modeled with a density law that follows a softened power law. A simple analysis of the spacing between the cores using an isothermal cylinder model indicates that the cores have likely formed by gravitational fragmentation of velocity-coherent filaments. Combining our analysis of the cores with our previous study of the large-sc...

Tafalla, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Runaway electrons as a source of impurity and reduced fusion yield in the dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impurities produced by the vaporization of metals in the electrodes may be a major cause of reduced fusion yields in high-current dense plasma focus devices. We propose here that a major but hitherto-overlooked cause of such impurities is vaporization by runaway electrons during the breakdown process at the beginning of the current pulse. This process is sufficient to account for the large amount of erosion observed in many dense plasma focus devices on the anode very near to the insulator. The erosion is expected to become worse with lower pressures typical of machines with large electrode radii and would explain the plateauing of fusion yield observed in such machines at higher peak currents. Such runaway electron vaporization can be eliminated by the proper choice of electrode material by reducing electrode radii and thus increasing fill gas pressure or by using pre-ionization to eliminate the large fields that create runaway electrons. If these steps are combined with monolithic electrodes to eliminate arcing erosion large reductions in impurities and large increases in fusion yield may be obtained as the I4 scaling is extended to higher currents.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Energy Efficiency Programs for Small and Medium Sized Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site. In this paper, we will examine the ways in which decisions are made in small and medium-sized facilities. A review of existing energy efficiency programs geared toward this sector will be analyzed. We will look into some of the failures...

Shipley, A. M.; Elliott, R. N.

416

Isotope Effects and Medium Effects on Sulfuryl Transfer Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kinetic isotope effects and medium effects have been measured for sulfuryl-transfer reactions of the sulfate ester p-nitrophenyl sulfate (pNPS). The results are compared to those from previous studies of phosphoryl transfer, a reaction with mechanistic ...

Richard H. Hoff; Paul Larsen; Alvan C. Hengge

2001-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

417

Medium Term Planning & Scheduling under Uncertainty for BP Chemicals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for PTA PX. From crude oil to PTA From crude oil to PX Production Chains: Products & Applications Models for planning medium term operations Monthly production Inventory targets What proportion of demand should be satisfied from which inventory location ? Types of businesses: PX PTA Deterministic model represents: Global

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

418

Distributed Medium Access Control for Next Generation CDMA Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Medium Access Control for Next Generation CDMA Wireless Networks Hai Jiang, Princeton wireless networks are expected to have a simple infrastructure with distributed control. In this article, we consider a generic distributed network model for future wireless multi- media communications

Zhuang, Weihua

419

In-medium antikaon interactions and bound states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correct treatment of subthreshold Kbar-N dynamics is mandatory in kaonic-atom and Kbar-nuclear bound-state calculations, as demonstrated by using in-medium chirally-based models of Kbar-N interactions. Recent studies of kaonic-atom data reveal appreciable multi-nucleon contributions. Kbar-nuclear widths larger than 50 MeV are anticipated.

Avraham Gal; Eli Friedman; Nir Barnea; Aleš Cieplý; Ji?í Mareš; Daniel Gazda

2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

420

In-medium antikaon interactions and bound states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correct treatment of subthreshold Kbar-N dynamics is mandatory in kaonic-atom and Kbar-nuclear bound-state calculations, as demonstrated by using in-medium chirally-based models of Kbar-N interactions. Recent studies of kaonic-atom data reveal appreciable multi-nucleon contributions. Kbar-nuclear widths larger than 50 MeV are anticipated.

Gal, Avraham; Barnea, Nir; Cieplý, Aleš; Mareš, Ji?í; Gazda, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Deuteron energy of 15 MK in ultra-dense deuterium without plasma formation: Temperature of the interior of the Sun  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deuterons are released with kinetic energy up to 630 eV from ultra-dense deuterium as shown previously, by Coulomb explosions initiated by ns laser pulses at ? 10 11 W cm ? 2 . With higher laser intensity at MK, similar to the temperature in the interior of the Sun. Plasma processes are excluded by the sharp TOF peaks observed and by the slow signal variation with laser intensity. Deuterons with even higher energy from multiple charge repulsion are probably detected. D + D fusion processes are expected to exist in the ultra-dense phase without plasma formation.

Patrik U. Andersson; Leif Holmlid

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

SUBMILLIMETER OBSERVATIONS OF DENSE CLUMPS IN THE INFRARED DARK CLOUD G049.40-00.01  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtained 350 and 850 {mu}m continuum maps of the infrared dark cloud G049.40-00.01. Twenty-one dense clumps were identified within G049.40-00.01 based on the 350 {mu}m continuum map with an angular resolution of about 9.''6. We present submillimeter continuum maps and report physical properties of the clumps. The masses of clumps range from 50 to 600 M{sub Sun }. About 70% of the clumps are associated with bright 24 {mu}m emission sources, and they may contain protostars. The two most massive clumps show extended, enhanced 4.5 {mu}m emission indicating vigorous star-forming activity. The clump-size-mass distribution suggests that many of them are forming high-mass stars. G049.40-00.01 contains numerous objects in various evolutionary stages of star formation, from pre-protostellar clumps to H II regions.

Kang, Miju; Choi, Minho [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Bieging, John H. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Rho, Jeonghee [SOFIA Science Center, USRA/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA 94035 (United States); Lee, Jeong-Eun [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Tsai, Chao-Wei, E-mail: mjkang@kasi.re.kr [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

423

Laser-driven acceleration of a dense matter up to 'thermonuclear' velocities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of theoretical studies and numerical simulations of laser-driven acceleration of a flat foil up to ultrahigh velocity of the order of 1000?km?s?1, which corresponds to the achievement of thermonuclear temperatures due to kinetic energy transition into thermal energy at an inelastic impact, are reported. The behavior of a foil accelerated to such high velocities, in particular, the distribution of foil density, which defines thermonuclear reaction intensity, has been studied. The calculation results are compared with the results of the experiments performed on the Gekko/HIPER laser, where a laser-driven projectile achieved record-breaking velocity. The laser pulse and foil parameters responsible for acceleration of the projectile up to 'thermonuclear' velocities in a dense state have been determined.

S Yu Gus'kov; H Azechi; N N Demchenko; V V Demchenko; I Ya Doskoch; M Murakami; H Nagatomo; V B Rozanov; S Sakaiya; R V Stepanov; N V Zmitrenko

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Screening Corrections to the Electron Capture Rates in Dense Stars by the Relativistically Degenerate Electron Liquid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the screening corrections to the electron capture rates in dense stars by the relativistically degenerate electron liquid. In order to calculate the screening corrections we adopt the linear response theory which is widely used in the field of solid state physics and liquid metal physics. In particular, we use the longitudinal dielectric function for the relativistically degenerate electron liquid derived by Jancovici. We calculate the screening potential at the position of the nucleus. By using this screening potential one can calculate the screening corrections to the electron capture rates. We will present accurate analytic fitting formulae which summarize our numerical results. These fitting formulae will facilitate the application of the present results. The screening corrections to the electron capture rates are typically a few percent.

Naoki Itoh; Nami Tomizawa; Masaya Tamamura; Shinya Wanajo; Satoshi Nozawa

2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

425

Kinetic Theory of a Dense Gas: Triple-Collision Memory Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the phase-space density-correlation function S(r?t; p?p??) for a dense classical gas with repulsive interaction using the language of memory functions. We derive the kinetic equation for S which is valid at all wavelengths and frequencies but limited to second order in the density (triple collisions). This model equation is, on the one hand, an extension of the earlier work of Mazenko to the next order in density and, on the other hand, an extension to arbitrary wavelengths and frequencies of some suggested generalizations of the linearized Boltzmann equation. The memory function for this kinetic equation is shown to be compatible with symmetry properties, sum rules, and the conservation laws. As an illustration of the hydrodynamics, we calculate the shear viscosity and show that the term linear in density agrees with an earlier calculation by Kawasaki and Oppenheim. We also give the analogous kinetic equation for the single-particle correlation function.

C. D. Boley and Rashmi C. Desai

1973-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Properties of dense, asymmetric nuclear matter in Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach, using the Bonn potentials, we investigate the properties of dense, asymmetric nuclear matter and apply it to neutron stars. In the actual calculations of the nucleon self-energies and the energy density of matter, we study in detail the validity of an angle-averaged approximation and an averaging of the total momentum squared of interacting two-nucleons in nuclear matter. For practical use, we provide convenient parametrizations for the equation of state for symmetric nuclear matter and pure neutron matter. We also parametrize the nucleon self-energies in terms of polynomials of nucleon momenta. Those parametrizations can accurately reproduce the numerical results up to high densities.

Tetsuya Katayama; Koichi Saito

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

427

Properties of dense, asymmetric nuclear matter in Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach, using the Bonn potentials, we investigate the properties of dense, asymmetric nuclear matter and apply it to neutron stars. In the actual calculations of the nucleon self-energies and the energy density of matter, we study in detail the validity of an angle-averaged approximation and an averaging of the total momentum squared of interacting two-nucleons in nuclear matter. For practical use, we provide convenient parametrizations for the equation of state for symmetric nuclear matter and pure neutron matter. We also parametrize the nucleon self-energies in terms of polynomials of nucleon momenta. Those parametrizations can accurately reproduce the numerical results up to high densities.

Katayama, Tetsuya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Solution of the Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderately dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Half-space boundary Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderate dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions along a flat firm surface is solving. The new method of the solution of boundary problems of the kinetic theory is applied (see JVMMF, 2012, 52:3, 539-552). The method allows to receive the solution with arbitrary degree of accuracy. The idea of representation of boundary condition on distribution function in the form of source in the kinetic equation serves as the basis for the method mentioned above. By means of Fourier integrals the kinetic equation with a source comes to the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. The solution has been received in the form of Neumann's number.

A. V. Latyshev; A. D. Kurilov

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

429

Heating of a dense plasma with an intense relativistic electron beam: initial observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dense (approx. 10/sup 17/ cm/sup -3/) plasma has been heated via the relativistic two-stream instability using a 3 MeV, intense (5 x 10/sup 5/ A/cm/sup 2/) electron beam. Evidence for heating has been obtained with diamagnetic loops, thin-foil witness plates, and a 2-channel, broad-band soft x-ray detector. Measurements of energy loss from the beam using calorimetry techniques have been attempted. The measured strong dependence of heating on beam transverse temperature and the very short interaction length (<4 cm) are consistent with beam-plasma coupling due to the relativistic electron-electron two-stream instability. Soft x-ray measurements made >100 ns after the beam pulse are consistent with a plasma temperature <150 eV and line emission near 80 to 90 eV.

Montgomery, M.D.; Parker, J.V.; Riepe, K.B.; Sheffield, R.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Thermonuclear fusion in dense stars: Electron screening, conductive cooling, and magnetic field effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the plasma correlation effects on nonresonant thermonuclear reactions of carbon and oxygen in the interiors of white dwarfs and liquid envelopes of neutron stars. We examine the effects of electron screening on thermodynamic enhancement of thermonuclear reactions in dense plasmas beyond the linear mixing rule. Using these improved enhancement factors, we calculate carbon and oxygen ignition curves in white dwarfs and neutron stars. The energy balance and ignition conditions in neutron star envelopes are evaluated, taking their detailed thermal structure into account. The result is compared to the simplified "one-zone model," which is routinely used in the literature. We also consider the effect of strong magnetic fields on the ignition curves in the ocean of magnetars.

Potekhin, A Y

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Recent developments in freeform fabrication of dense ceramics from slurry deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A freeform fabrication technique for dense ceramics and composites has been developed. The technique requires less than 2 volume percent of organic additives and relies on the principle of layerwise deposition of highly loaded colloidal slurries. Components can be manufactured into complex geometries with thick solid sections as well as with thin-walled sections with high aspect ratios. Process feasibility and quality is dependent on the processing parameters of solids loading, slurry rheology, deposition rate, and drying rate. These interrelated parameters must be controlled so that sintering defects are prevented and shape tolerance is maintained. A review of this freeform fabrication technique, called robocasting, will be discussed for fabrication of aluminum oxide parts. Recent developments for a finite element analysis technique for modeling the drying process will also be presented.

Cesarano, J. III; Baer, T.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Calvert, P. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Nitrogen doping in pulsed laser deposited ZnO thin films using dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pulsed laser deposition synthesized ZnO thin films, grown at 400 °C substrate temperature in different oxygen gas pressures, were irradiated with 6 shots of pulsed nitrogen ions obtained from 2.94 kJ dense plasma focus to achieve the nitrogen doping in ZnO. Structural, compositional and optical properties of as-deposited and nitrogen ion irradiated ZnO thin films were investigated to confirm the successful doping of nitrogen in irradiated samples. Spectral changes have been seen in the nitrogen irradiated ZnO thin film samples from the low temperature PL measurements. Free electron to acceptor emissions can be observed from the irradiated samples, which hints towards the successful nitrogen doping in films. Compositional analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and corresponding shifts in binding energy core peaks of oxygen and nitrogen confirmed the successful use of plasma focus device as a novel source for nitrogen ion doping in ZnO thin films.

S. Karamat; R.S. Rawat; T.L. Tan; P. Lee; S.V. Springham; E. Ghareshabani; R. Chen; H.D. Sun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Beam-plasma coupling effects on the stopping power of dense plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stopping power for ion beams in dense plasmas is investigated on the basis of quantum kinetic equations. Strong correlations between the beam ions and the plasma particles which occur for high ion charge numbers and strongly coupled plasmas are treated on the level of the statically screened T-matrix (binary collision) approximation. Dynamic screening effects are included using a combined scheme which considers both close collisions and collective effects. Applying this approach, the ion charge number dependence of the stopping power is determined. The result is a modification of the Zb2 scaling law. In particular, the stopping power is reduced for strong beam-plasma coupling. Good agreement is found between T-matrix results and simulation data (particle-in-cell and molecular dynamics) for low beam velocities.

D. O. Gericke and M. Schlanges

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

First-order liquid-liquid phase transition in dense hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use ab initio molecular-dynamics simulations to study the nonmetal-to-metal transition in dense liquid hydrogen. By calculating the equation of state of hydrogen at high pressures up to several megabars and temperatures above the melting line up to 1500 K we confirm the first-order nature of this transition at these temperatures. We characterize both phases based on equation of state data, the electrical conductivity, and the pair-correlation functions, which are all derived self-consistently from these simulations. We locate the respective transition line in the phase diagram and give an estimate for its critical point. We compare with available experimental data and other theoretical predictions.

Winfried Lorenzen, Bastian Holst, and Ronald Redmer

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

435

The potential for dense phase pneumatic conveying on FBC`s  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dense phase pneumatic conveying has many potential application areas on FBC`S. These include fuel feed, bed ash and sorbent handling. Also the conveying of ash from various parts of the boiler gas clean up system, either for reinjection to the boiler or conveying to storage. The materials being handled can be abrasive, hot and a wide range of particle sizes. Each application area must be considered and may require different types of equipment in each case to achieve economic reliable conveying. The paper describes the various forms of equipment that can be applied to each of the application areas, and explains the possibilities and limitations that exist in each case. Examples of working installations will be described.

Snowdon, B. [Clyde Pneumatic Conveying Ltd., Doncaster (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Omega meson as a chronometer and thermometer in hot-dense hadronic matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in the properties of the vector mesons in hot and dense hadronic matter, as produced in heavy ion collisions, lead to the intriguing possibility of the opening of the decay channel $\\omega \\ra \\rho \\pi$, for the omega meson, which is impossible in free space. This along with the channel $\\omega \\pi \\ra \\pi \\pi$ would result in a decrease in its effective life-time enabling it to decay within the hot zone and act as a chronometer in contradiction to the commonly held opinion and would have implications vis a vis determination of the size of the region through pion interferometry. A new peak and a radically altered shape of the low invariant mass dilepton spectra appears due to different shift in the masses of $\\rho$ and $\\omega$ mesons. The Walecka model is used for the underlying calculation for the sake of illustration.

Pradip Roy; Sourav Sarkar; Jan-e Alam; Binayak Dutt-Roy; Bikash Sinha

1999-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

437

Inhomogeneous quasi-stationary state of dense fluid of inelastic hard spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study closed dense collections of hard spheres that collide inelastically with constant coefficient of normal restitution. We find inhomogeneous states (IS) where the density profile is spatially non-uniform but constant in time. The states are exact solutions of non-linear partial differential equations that describe the coupled distributions of density and temperature when inelastic losses of energy per collision are small. The derivation is performed without modelling the equations' coefficients that are unknown in the dense limit (such as the equation of state), using only their scaling form specific for hard spheres. The IS is exact non-linear state of this many-body system. It captures a fundamental property of inelastic collections of particles: the possibility of preserving non-uniform temperature via the interplay of inelastic cooling and heat conduction, generalizing previous results in the dilute case. We perform numerical simulations to demonstrate that arbitrary initial state evolves to the IS in the limit of long times where the container has the geometry of the channel. The evolution is like gas-liquid transition. The liquid condenses in a vanishing part of the total volume but takes most of the mass of the system. However, the gaseous phase, which mass grows only logarithmically with the system size, is relevant because its fast particles carry most of the energy of the system. Remarkably, the system self-organizes to dissipate no energy: the inelastic decay of energy is a power-law $[1+t/t_c]^{-2}$ where $t_c$ diverges in the thermodynamic limit. This behavior is caused by unusual spatial distribution of particles: on approach to one of the container's walls the density grows inversely with the distance. We discuss the relation of our results to the recently proposed finite-time singularity in other container's geometries.

Itzhak Fouxon

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

438

Conceptual Design of an Ultra-Dense Phase Injector and Feed System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) has developed an innovative gasifier concept that uses rocket engine technology to significantly improve gasifier performance, life, and cost compared to current state-of-the-art systems. One key feature of the PWR concept is the use of an ultra-dense phase feed system to provide dry coal to the multi-element injector. This report describes the design of an ultra-dense phase multi-element injector and feed system for use on PWR gasifiers operating at pressures to 1,000 psia. For the design of this injector and feed system, the pulverized coal's Bingham fluid yield stress is approximately 11 Pascals (Pa) with a coefficient of rigidity of 10 centipoise (cp). These values are typical of earlier experimental testing conducted with dried pulverized coal below 18 wt% moisture -- see, e.g., Sprouse and Schuman (1983, 1986). Each individual injector element is designed for a coal flow rate between 3 and 4 tons/hr (0.76 to 1.0 kg/sec) at full flow conditions. Hence, a small 400 to 500 tons/day (4.2 to 5.25 kg/sec) gasifier will require a 6-element injector, a 1,500 tons/day (15.7 kg/sec) gasifier will require an 18-element injector and a 3,000 tons/day (31.5 kg/sec) gasifier will require a 36-element injector. These injectors and feed systems are capable of 'turn-down' below 50% of full-flow operation.

Ken Sprouse; Fred Widman; Alan Darby

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

Description of Hot and Dense Hadron Gas Properties in a New Excluded-Volume model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new equation of state for a hot and dense hadron gas (HG) is obtained where the finite hard-core size of baryons has been incorporated in a thermodynamically consistent formulation of excluded volume correction. Our model differs from other existing approaches on the following points. We assign a hard-core volume only to each baryon and mesons though possess a small volume but they can fuse and interpenetrate into one another. Use of the full quantum statistics is made in obtaining the grand canonical partition function where excluded-volume correction has been incorporated by explicitly integrating over volume. We thus find that the new model works even for the cases of extreme temperatures and/or densities where most of other approaches fail. The model does not violate causality even at extreme densities. The temperature and density dependence of various thermodynamical quantities, e.g. pressure, baryon density, entropy and energy density compare well with the results of other microscopic HG models. After suitable parametrization of the centre-of-mass energy in terms of temperature and baryon chemical potential, we explore some new freeze-out criteria which exhibit full independence of the collision energy and of the structures of the colliding nuclei. We further demonstrate the suitability of our model in explaining various experimental results of the multiplicity-ratios of various particles and their antiparticles. Finally, we use our excluded-volume model to obtain the transport behaviour of the hot and/or dense HG such as shear viscosity to entropy ratio, speed of sound etc. and compare the results with earlier calculations.

S. K. Tiwari; P. K. Srivastava; C. P. Singh

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

440

The constitutive equations for an electrochemically polarizable medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or in time. The general expression for the constitutive equations in these media may then be given by Fi(E(r, t), B(r, t), D(r, t), H(r, t), E(r, t), B(r, t), D(r, t}, H(r, t). . . )K; i=1. . . , , 6 (41) where the dependence on hi~~r order time... equations for a semi-conducting electrochsndcally polarizable medium ~ (49) (50) 26 F2(E(r, t), B(r, t), K(r, t), H(r, t)) = B -u H = 0 (51) where &, u, and & are the permittivity, perma&ility and conductivity of the medium respectively, written...

Benavidez, Alberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

An Improved Treatment of Cosmological Intergalactic Medium Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modeling of galaxy formation and reionization, two central issues of modern cosmology, relies on the accurate follow-up of the intergalactic medium (IGM). Unfortunately, owing to the complex nature of this medium, the differential equations governing its ionization state and temperature are only approximate. In this paper, we improve these master equations. We derive new expression for the distinct composite inhomogeneous IGM phases, including all relevant ionizing/recombining and cooling/heating mechanisms, taking into account inflows/outflows into/from halos, and using more accurate recombination coefficients. Furthermore, to better compute the source functions in the equations we provide an analytic procedure for calculating the halo mass function in ionized environments, accounting for the bias due to the ionization state of their environment. Such an improved treatment of IGM evolution is part of a complete realistic model of galaxy formation presented elsewhere.

Manrique, Alberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Field Evaluations (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses field evaluations of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles performed by NREL. The project provides medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) test results, aggregated data, and detailed analysis, including 3rd party unbiased data (data that would not normally be shared by industry in an aggregated and detailed manner). Over 5.6 million miles of advanced technology MD and HD truck data have been collected, documented, and analyzed on over 240 different vehicles since 2002. Data, analysis, and reports are shared within DOE, national laboratory partners, and industry for R&D planning and strategy. The results help guide R&D for new technology development, help define intelligent usage of newly developed technology, and help fleets/users understand all aspects of advanced technology.

Walkowicz, K.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The Baryon Catastrophe and the multiphase intracluster medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the theories and observations which together have led to the concept of the Baryon Catastrophe: observations of the baryon fraction on the scale of clusters of galaxies appear to be at least three times as high as the universal baryon fraction predicted by the theory of primordial nucleosynthesis in a flat, $\\Omega_0 = 1$, universe. We investigate whether this discrepancy could be eliminated by treating the intracluster gas as a multiphase medium, and find that this treatment both lowers the calculated mass of gas in a cluster and increases the inferred gravitational potential. These combined effects can reduce the calculated baryon fraction by between a quarter and a half: the precise amount depends upon the volume fraction distribution of density phases in the gas but is independent of the temperature profile across the cluster. Thus moving to a multiphase intracluster medium cannot resolve the Baryon Catastrophe by itself; other possible causes and explanations are discussed.

K. F. Gunn; P. A. Thomas

1995-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: April 25, 9: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age on AddThis.com... Fact #369: April 25, 2005 Medium-Truck Miles by Age Medium trucks (class 3-6) were driven an average of 14,439 miles in 2002.

445

What lepton pairs reveal about pions in the nuclear medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the pion spectrum and its electromagnetic annihilation vertex in nuclear matter taking into account the strong ?N? interaction. For nuclear densities the pion kinetic energy is approximately compensated by the interaction, but also the free-pion annihilation matrix element is almost canceled by the contribution from the interaction with the medium. Consequently, the enhancement of the dilepton production rate due to the softening of the pion spectrum is strongly reduced.

C. L. Korpa and Scott Pratt

1990-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

446

New medium-speed engine combines best of two worlds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is concerned with the released details of a new, jointly-developed, medium-speed diesel engine designed to provide the best for two worlds - long service in severe North American locomotive applications, as well as in stationary and marine applications worldwide while meeting all current and known future emissions regulations both in Europe and United States. The diesel engine is elegant for its simplicity, and notable for its compact size, light weight and excellent fuel efficiency. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Johnson, P.; Walker, J.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Translating Indian miniature paintings into a time-based medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Carol LaFayette Committee Members, Weiling He Michael Greenwald Head of Department, Tim McLaughlin May 2008 Major Subject...: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Translating Indian Miniature Paintings into a Time-based Medium. (May 2008) Aradhana Vaidya, B.Arch., Nagpur University, India Chair of Advisory Committee: Prof. Carol LaFayette The purpose of this research...

Vaidya, Aradhana

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

A CODEC for low to medium bit-rate video  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Members J. W. Howze (Head of Department) May 1990 A CODEC for Low to Medium Bit-rate Video. (May 1990) Victor Byron Taylor, B. S. , Texas A&M University; Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jerry Gibson The compensated lattice quantizer (COMLAQ), is a... source coder/decoder (CODEC) designed for limited-motion videoconferencing applications. Our CODEC is based on four data compression strategies: lattice vector quantization, DPCM, transform coding, and simple interl'rame motion compensation. Designed...

Taylor, Victor Byron

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Commercial Reference Building: Medium Office | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medium Office Medium Office Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Medium Office for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

450

El Paso Electric Company - Small and Medium System Renewable Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

El Paso Electric Company - Small and Medium System Renewable Energy El Paso Electric Company - Small and Medium System Renewable Energy Certificate Purchase Program El Paso Electric Company - Small and Medium System Renewable Energy Certificate Purchase Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Energy Sources Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 3/1/2009 State New Mexico Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Systems 10 kW or less: PV: $0.04/kWh for RECs produced for a period of 8 years Wind: $0.03 /kWh for RECs produced for a period of 8 years Systems greater than 10 kW and up to 100 kW: PV: $0.04/kWh for RECs produced for a period of 8 years Wind: $0.02 /kWh for RECs produced for a period of 8 years Systems greater than 100 kW and up to 1,000 kW:

451

Lube oil for medium-speed, heavy-fuel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new generation of trunk-piston engine lube oils has been introduced by Chevron International Marine Lubricants for medium-speed, heavy-fuel, four-stroke engines. The new Chevron Delo 1000, 2000, 3000, and 3400 marine lubricants are specially designed for the demands of medium-speed diesel engines in today`s marine and stationary power markets. The new lube oil has been formulated to provide high levels of engine cleanliness, with low levels of wear. Testing by Chevron engineers shows that the new oils prevent the buildup of black sludge, a sticky, viscous deposit that can accumulate on the surfaces of medium-speed engines that run on heavy residual fuel. The performance of the new lube oils has been thoroughly evaluated by Chevron in a number of ongoing field tests. Results from 5000 hour teardown of a 6600 kW, model 6 MaK 601C engine in the cargo ship MV Germania serve as a good example of the field testing. 3 figs.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Formation of H{sub 3}{sup -} by radiative association of H{sub 2} and H{sup -} in the interstellar medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop the theory of radiative association of an atom and a diatomic molecule within a close-coupling framework. We apply it to the formation of H{sub 3}{sup -} after the low-energy collision (below 0.5 eV) of H{sub 2} with H{sup -}. Using recently obtained potential energy and permanent dipole moment surfaces of H{sub 3}{sup -}, we calculate the lowest rovibrational levels of the H{sub 3}{sup -} electronic ground state and the cross section for the formation of H{sub 3}{sup -} by radiative association between H{sup -} and ortho- and para-H{sub 2}. We discuss the possibility for the H{sub 3}{sup -} ion to be formed and observed in the cold and dense interstellar medium in an environment with a high ionization rate. Such an observation could be a probe for the presence of H{sup -} in the interstellar medium.

Ayouz, M.; Lopes, R.; Raoult, M.; Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Bat 505, Universite Paris 11, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Kokoouline, V. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Bat 505, Universite Paris 11, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

arXiv:cond-mat/0307379v28May2004 A Theory of Cooperative Diffusion in Dense Granular Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) random walks. I. INTRODUCTION In spite of a venerable engineering literature [1, 2, 3], the study, continuum equations for hydrodynamics and heat trans- fer can be formally derived from various modifications. Classical continuum models of dense flows are based on plasticity theory from soil mechanics [1, 2

Weeks, Eric R.

454

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A GffiIDEAL OF COMPACT SETS STRICTLY ABOVE THE NOWHERE DENSE IDEAL IN THE TUKEY ORDER-ideal of compact sets which is strictly above NWD in the Tukey order. Here NWD is the collection orders (P, P ) and (Q, Q ), we say that P is Tukey reducible to Q, in symbols P T Q

Solecki, Slawomir

455

Moderately dense gas quantum kinetic theory: Aspects of pair correlations R. F. Snider and G. W. Wei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boltzmann equation emphasizes the need to explicitly include pair correlations and the conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy as important effects in the kinetic theory of moderately dense gases that the pair density operator used for collisions should be such that it factors both before and after

Wei, Guo-Wei

456

ALMA FOLLOWS STREAMING OF DENSE GAS DOWN TO 40 pc FROM THE SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLE IN NGC 1097  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a kinematic analysis of the dense molecular gas in the central 200 pc of the nearby galaxy NGC 1097, based on Cycle 0 observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). We use the HCN(4-3) line to trace the densest interstellar molecular gas (n{sub H{sub 2}}{approx}10{sup 8} cm{sup -3}), and quantify its kinematics, and estimate an inflow rate for the molecular gas. We find a striking similarity between the ALMA kinematic data and the analytic spiral inflow model that we have previously constructed based on ionized gas velocity fields on larger scales. We are able to follow dense gas streaming down to 40 pc distance from the supermassive black hole in this Seyfert 1 galaxy. In order to fulfill marginal stability, we deduce that the dense gas is confined to a very thin disk, and we derive a dense gas inflow rate of 0.09 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} at 40 pc radius. Combined with previous values from the H{alpha} and CO gas, we calculate a combined molecular and ionized gas inflow rate of {approx}0.2 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1} at 40 pc distance from the central supermassive black hole of NGC 1097.

Fathi, Kambiz; Pinol-Ferrer, Nuria [Stockholm Observatory, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova Centre, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Lundgren, Andreas A.; Wiklind, Tommy [Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Kohno, Kotaro; Izumi, Takuma [Institute of Astronomy, The University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Martin, Sergio [ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Espada, Daniel [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Hatziminaoglou, Evanthia [ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Imanishi, Masatoshi [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Krips, Melanie [Institute for Radio-Astronomy at Millimeter Wavelengths, Domaine University, 300 Rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Heres (France); Matsushita, Satoki [Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (ROC) (China); Meier, David S. [Department of Physics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Nakai, Naomasa [Division of Physics, Faculty of Pure and Applied Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Sheth, Kartik [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Turner, Jean [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Van de Ven, Glenn [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Title Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed Year of Publication 2012 Authors Bennett, Deborah H., William J. Fisk, Michael G. Apte, X. Wu, Amber L. Trout, David Faulkner, and Douglas P. Sullivan Journal Indoor Air Volume 22 Issue 4 Pagination 309-20 Abstract This field study of 37 small and medium commercial buildings throughout California obtained information on ventilation rate, temperature, and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system characteristics. The study included seven retail establishments; five restaurants; eight offices; two each of gas stations, hair salons, healthcare facilities, grocery stores, dental offices, and fitness centers; and five other buildings. Fourteen (38%) of the buildings either could not or did not provide outdoor air through the HVAC system. The air exchange rate averaged 1.6 (s.d. = 1.7) exchanges per hour and was similar between buildings with and without outdoor air supplied through the HVAC system, indicating that some buildings have significant leakage or ventilation through open windows and doors. Not all buildings had sufficient air exchange to meet ASHRAE 62.1 Standards, including buildings used for fitness centers, hair salons, offices, and retail establishments. The majority of the time, buildings were within the ASHRAE temperature comfort range. Offices were frequently overcooled in the summer. All of the buildings had filters, but over half the buildings had a filter with a minimum efficiency reporting value rating of 4 or lower, which are not very effective for removing fine particles. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Most U.S. commercial buildings (96%) are small- to medium-sized, using nearly 18% of the country's energy, and sheltering a large population daily. Little is known about the ventilation systems in these buildings. This study found a wide variety of ventilation conditions, with many buildings failing to meet relevant ventilation standards. Regulators may want to consider implementing more complete building inspections at commissioning and point of sale.

458

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Medium-Speed Electric Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

459

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low- and Medium-Speed Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

460

The Impact of Lubricant on Emissions from a Medium-Duty Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

on Emissions from a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine The Impact of Lubricant on Emissions from a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: National Renewable Energy Lab...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Passage of a Bubble?Detonation Wave into a Chemically Inactive Bubble Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passage of detonation waves from a chemically active bubble medium into a chemically inactive bubble medium is studied experimentally. The structure of ... pressures of these waves for different parameters of bubble

A. I. Sychev

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic random medium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

39 Discrete-ordinates solution of short-pulsed laser transport in two-dimensional turbid media Summary: of the medium is L W 10 mm. The medium is anisotropically scattering with...

463

Operation Monitoring System Model of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Sichuan Province in 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is a long-term strategic task for Sichuan province to vigorously develop small and medium enterprises. This paper uses the monitoring data of small and medium enterprises in Sichuan province in 2012 to esta...

Rui Wang; Yue Shen; Huijun Lin; Gongzong Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: August 12, 9: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales on AddThis.com... Fact #229: August 12, 2002 Medium and Heavy Truck Sales

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Medium-Speed Electric Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low- and Medium-Speed Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low- and Medium-Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

467

Solitons and shocks in dense astrophysical magnetoplasmas with relativistic degenerate electrons and positrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The linear and nonlinear properties of the ion-acoustic (IA) waves are investigated in a relativistically degenerate magnetoplasma, whose constituents are the electrons, positrons, and ions. The electrons and positrons are assumed to obey the Fermi-Dirac statistics, whereas the cold ions are taken to be inertial and magnetized. In linear analysis, various limiting cases are discussed both analytically and numerically. However, for nonlinear studies, the well-known reductive perturbation technique is employed to derive the Zakharov-Kuznetsov and Zakharov-Kuznetsov Burgers equations in the presence of relativistically degenerate electrons and positrons. Furthermore, with the use of hyperbolic tangent method, the equations are simplified to admit the soliton and shock wave solutions. Numerically, it is shown that the amplitude, width, and phase speed associated with the localized IA solitons and shocks are significantly influenced by the various intrinsic plasma parameters relevant to our model. The present analysis can be useful for understanding the collective processes in dense astrophysical environments like neutron stars, where the electrons and positrons are expected to be relativistic and degenerate.

Ali, S. [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan)] [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Ata-ur-Rahman [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan) [National Centre for Physics at QAU Campus, Shahdra Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000 (Pakistan)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

Optical method and apparatus for detection of surface and near-subsurface defects in dense ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser is used in a non-destructive manner to detect surface and near-subsurface defects in dense ceramics and particularly in ceramic bodies with complex shapes such as ceramic bearings, turbine blades, races, and the like. The laser`s wavelength is selected based upon the composition of the ceramic sample and the laser can be directed on the sample while the sample is static or in dynamic rotate or translate motion. Light is scattered off surface and subsurface defects using a preselected polarization. The change in polarization angle is used to select the depth and characteristics of surface/subsurface defects. The scattered light is detected by an optical train consisting of a charge coupled device (CCD), or vidicon, television camera which, in turn, is coupled to a video monitor and a computer for digitizing the image. An analyzing polarizer in the optical train allows scattered light at a given polarization angle to be observed for enhancing sensitivity to either surface or near-subsurface defects. Application of digital image processing allows subtraction of digitized images in near real-time providing enhanced sensitivity to subsurface defects. Storing known ``feature masks`` of identified defects in the computer and comparing the detected scatter pattern (Fourier images) with the stored feature masks allows for automatic classification of detected defects. 29 figs.

Ellingson, W.A.; Brada, M.P.

1995-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

Optical method and apparatus for detection of surface and near-subsurface defects in dense ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser is used in a non-destructive manner to detect surface and near-subsurface defects in dense ceramics and particularly in ceramic bodies with complex shapes such as ceramic bearings, turbine blades, races, and the like. The laser's wavelength is selected based upon the composition of the ceramic sample and the laser can be directed on the sample while the sample is static or in dynamic rotate or translate motion. Light is scattered off surface and subsurface defects using a preselected polarization. The change in polarization angle is used to select the depth and characteristics of surface/subsurface defects. The scattered light is detected by an optical train consisting of a charge coupled device (CCD), or vidicon, television camera which, in turn, is coupled to a video monitor and a computer for digitizing the image. An analyzing polarizer in the optical train allows scattered light at a given polarization angle to be observed for enhancing sensitivity to either surface or near-subsurface defects. Application of digital image processing allows subtraction of digitized images in near real-time providing enhanced sensitivity to subsurface defects. Storing known "feature masks" of identified defects in the computer and comparing the detected scatter pattern (Fourier images) with the stored feature masks allows for automatic classification of detected defects.

Ellingson, William A. (Naperville, IL); Brada, Mark P. (Goleta, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Radiation Characteristics of the FN-II Dense Plasma Focus Device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fuego Nuevo II (FN-II) dense plasma focus device is a small machine (4.6 kJ), operating at the Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, in which neutrons, as well as soft and hard X rays have been studied with a number of diagnostics. Neutrons are studied with silver activation counters, and scintillator-photomultiplier detectors, while their angular distribution inside and outside the discharge chamber have been studied with CR-39 plastic track detectors. The soft X rays are studied with a multiple-pin-hole camera and PIN diodes, while the hard X-rays are observed with the scintillator-photomultiplier detectors mentioned above. When a needle is inserted on the inner electrode, a bright spot of hard x-rays can be concentrated, and used for the production of high-contrast radiography. Dosimetric measurements have been made for X-rays crossing a 300 micron aluminum window, through the axis of the machine, showing an average dose of 0.11{+-}0.01 mGy per shot. In contrast, the average dose with a hollow cathode is 0.077{+-}0.006 mGy per shot.

Castillo-Mejia, Fermin; Herrera-Velazquez, J. Julio E.; Gamboa-deBuen, I.; Rangel-Gutierrez, Jose [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico A.P. 70-543. 04511 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Villalobos-Perez, Salvador [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico 04510 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

471

(Ir)reversibility in dense granular systems driven by oscillating forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use computer simulations to study highly dense systems of granular particles that are driven by oscillating forces. We implement different dissipation mechanisms that are used to extract the injected energy. In particular, the action of a simple local Stokes' drag is compared with non-linear and history-dependent frictional forces that act either between particle pairs or between particles and an external container wall. The Stokes' drag leads to particle motion that is periodic with the driving force, even at high densities around close packing where particles undergo frequent collisions. With the introduction of inter-particle frictional forces this "interacting absorbing state" is destroyed and particles start to diffuse around. By reducing the density of the material we go through another transition to a "non-interacting" absorbing state, where particles independently follow the force-induced oscillations without collisions. In the system with particle-wall frictional interactions this transition has signs of a discontinuous phase transition. It is accompanied by a diverging relaxation time, but not by a vanishing order parameter, which rather jumps to zero at the transition.

Ronny Moebius; Claus Heussinger

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Kinetic Theory of a Dense Gas: Properties of Collision Kernels of the Bogoliubov Type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the collision kernels of two linearized equations for a moderately dense gas. These are the low-density Bogoliubov kinetic equation and the equation at the next order in the density (ternary-collision level), in the form given by Green and Cohen. We reduce the collision kernels of these equations to expressions which are nonlocal in space but local in time, and show that each of them breaks up into static and collisional parts. The former parts agree with the mean-field expressions. We compare the collisional parts with the fully dynamical expressions previously found by Mazenko and us, and find complete agreement only at zero wave vector and frequency. For nonzero wave vectors, the desired symmetry in the momentum variables breaks down. We show that this has no effect on the first-order transport coefficients; it would presumably be significant in the kinetic regime. We also find that the speed of sound predicted by the Bogoliubov equation agrees with the thermodynamic result truncated at first order in the density.

C. D. Boley and Rashmi C. Desai

1973-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Linear accelerator design study with direct plasma injection scheme for warm dense matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Warm Dense Matter (WDM) is a challenging science field, which is related to heavy ion inertial fusion and planetary science. It is difficult to expect the behavior because the state with high density and low temperature is completely different from ideal condition. The well-defined WDM generation is required to understand it. Moderate energy ion beams ({approx} MeV/u) slightly above Bragg peak is an advantageous method for WDM because of the uniform energy deposition. Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS) with a Interdigital H-mode (IH) accelerator has a potential for the beam parameter. We show feasible parameters of the IH accelerator for WDM. WDM physics is a challenging science and is strongly related to Heavy Ion Fusion science. WDM formation by Direct Plasma Injection Scheme (DPIS) with IH accelerator, which is a compact system, is proposed. Feasible parameters for IH accelerator are shown for WDM state. These represents that DPIS with IH accelerator can access a different parameter region of WDM.

Kondo, K.; Kanesue, T; Okamura, M.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fully Three-dimensional Simulation and Modeling of a Dense Plasma Focus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) is a pulsed-power machine that electromagnetically accelerates and cylindrically compresses a shocked plasma in a Z-pinch. The pinch results in a brief (about 100 nanosecond) pulse of X-rays, and, for some working gases, also a pulse of neutrons. A great deal of experimental research has been done into the physics of DPF reactions, and there exist mathematical models describing its behavior during the different time phases of the reaction. Two of the phases, known as the inverse pinch and the rundown, are approximately governed by magnetohydrodynamics, and there are a number of well-established codes for simulating these phases in two dimensions or in three dimensions under the assumption of axial symmetry. There has been little success, however, in developing fully three-dimensional simulations. In this work we present three-dimensional simulations of DPF reactions and demonstrate that 3D simulations predict qualitatively and quantitatively different behavior than their 2D counterp...

Meehan, B T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Deposition of diamond-like carbon film using dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the deposition of amorphous diamond-like carbon (DLC) films on Si ?1 0 0?, using a low energy (1.45 kJ) dense plasma focus. The high purity graphite is inserted at the tip of the tapered anode, which serves as a carbon source. Silicon substrates are placed in front of the anode tip at different axial and angular positions. The films are deposited using multiple focus shots. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometer (XRD) are used to carry out the structural information of these deposited films. The elemental composition is studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) whereas scanning electron microscope (SEM) is employed for the study of the surface morphology. Raman spectroscopy shows the deposition of both diamond type tetragonal sp3 and graphite type trigonal sp2 films. The results point towards the formation of good quality amorphous carbon (DLC) films with higher sp3 content as compared to sp2 content. XRD pattern confirms the amorphous nature of the films showing no additional peak except a peak at 2? = 69° which corresponds to substrate original peak Si(4 0 0). SEM results demonstrate that the smoothness of the surface decreases with increasing value of angles with respect to anode axis. The substrates placed closer to anode axis have higher carbon content as compared to those placed away from anode axis whereas carbon content decreases with increasing axial distances from anode tip.

Shaista Zeb; Mehboob Sadiq; A. Qayyum; Ghulam Murtaza; M. Zakaullah

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Radiation Characteristics of the FN?II Dense Plasma Focus Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Fuego Nuevo II (FN?II) dense plasma focus device is a small machine (4.6 kJ) operating at the Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares UNAM in which neutrons as well as soft and hard X rays have been studied with a number of diagnostics. Neutrons are studied with silver activation counters and scintillator?photomultiplier detectors while their angular distribution inside and outside the discharge chamber have been studied with CR?39 plastic track detectors. The soft X rays are studied with a multiple?pin?hole camera and PIN diodes while the hard X?rays are observed with the scintillator?photomultiplier detectors mentioned above. When a needle is inserted on the inner electrode a bright spot of hard x?rays can be concentrated and used for the production of high?contrast radiography. Dosimetric measurements have been made for X?rays crossing a 300 micron aluminum window through the axis of the machine showing an average dose of 0.11±0.01? mGy per shot. In contrast the average dose with a hollow cathode is 0.077±0.006? mGy per shot.

Fermín Castillo?Mejía; J. Julio E. Herrera?Velázquez; I. Gamboa?deBuen; José Rangel?Gutiérrez; Salvador Villalobos?Pérez

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Fast valve and nozzle for gas-puff operation of dense plasma focus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple and reliable valve and nozzle system for a very fast injection of gas has been designed and constructed for its use in gas-puff mode of dense plasma focus experiments. It delivers a very quick rise time: 55 ? s . The pressure measured in our setup at a distance of 15 mm from the nozzle output is about 0.285 mbar with a plenum pressure of 3 bars (absolute). The time between the valve aperture and pressure front arrival is 360 ? s . This result comes up as an average of about a hundred measurements. The energy input is 95 J (270 V on a 3000 ? F capacitor bank). The typical dimensions of the valve are 52 mm in diameter and 80 mm in length. The entire volume of the valve is then very small. The relative low pressure and voltage operation are significant advantages of this development. The performance of the valve satisfactorily fulfills the objectives of gas-puff plasma focus operation.

María M. Milanese; Jorge O. Pouzo; Osvaldo D. Cortázar; Roberto L. Moroso

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics simulations of hot, dense helium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two first-principles simulation techniques, path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) and density functional molecular dynamics (DFT-MD), are applied to study hot, dense helium in the density-temperature range of 0.387–5.35?g?cm?3 and 500?K–1.28×108?K. One coherent equation of state is derived by combining DFT-MD data at lower temperatures with PIMC results at higher temperatures. Good agreement between both techniques is found in an intermediate-temperature range. For the highest temperatures, the PIMC results converge to the Debye-Hückel limiting law. In order to derive the entropy, a thermodynamically consistent free-energy fit is used that reproduces the internal energies and pressure derived from the first-principles simulations. The equation of state is presented in the form of a table as well as a fit and is compared with different free-energy models. Pair-correlation functions and the electronic density of states are discussed. Shock Hugoniot curves are compared with recent laser shock-wave experiments.

B. Militzer

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

479

Dense plasma heating and Gbar shock formation by a high intensity flux of energetic electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Process of shock ignition in inertial confinement fusion implies creation of a high pressure shock with a laser spike having intensity of the order of a few PW/cm{sup 2}. However, the collisional (Bremsstrahlung) absorption at these intensities is inefficient and a significant part of laser energy is converted in a stream of energetic electrons. The process of shock formation in a dense plasma by an intense electron beam is studied in this paper in a planar geometry. The energy deposition takes place in a fixed mass target layer with the areal density determined by the electron range. A self-similar isothermal rarefaction wave of a fixed mass describes the expanding plasma. Formation of a shock wave in the target under the pressure of expanding plasma is described. The efficiency of electron beam energy conversion into the shock wave energy depends on the fast electron energy and the pulse duration. The model is applied to the laser produced fast electrons. The fast electron energy transport could be the dominant mechanism of ablation pressure creation under the conditions of shock ignition. The shock wave pressure exceeding 1 Gbar during 200–300 ps can be generated with the electron pulse intensity in the range of 5–10 PW/cm{sup 2}. The conclusions of theoretical model are confirmed in numerical simulations with a radiation hydrodynamic code coupled with a fast electron transport module.

Ribeyre, X.; Feugeas, J.-L.; Nicolaï, Ph.; Tikhonchuk, V. T. [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France)] [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France); Gus'kov, S. [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France) [University Bordeaux-CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence (France); P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute RAS, 53, Leninskii Prospect, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Flood avalanches in a semiarid basin with a dense reservoir network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study investigates flood avalanches in a dense reservoir network in the semiarid north-eastern Brazil. The population living in this area strongly depends on the availability of the water from this network. Water is stored during intense wet-season rainfall events and evaporates from the reservoir surface during the dry season. These seasonal changes are the driving forces behind the water dynamics in the network. The reservoir network and its connectivity properties during flood avalanches are investigated with a model called ResNetM, which simulates each reservoir explicitly. It runs on the basis of daily calculated water balances for each reservoir. A spilling reservoir contributes with water to the reservoir downstream, which can trigger avalanches affecting, in some cases, large fractions of the network. The main focus is on the study of the relation between the total amount of water stored and the largest observable cluster of connected reservoirs that overspill in the same day. It is shown that th...

Peter, Samuel J; Araújo, N A M; Herrmann, H J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "dense medium cyclone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Gamma-rays and neutrinos from dense environment of massive binary systems in open clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TeV gamma-ray emission has been recently observed from direction of a few open clusters containing massive stars. We consider the high energy processes occurring within massive binary systems and in their dense environment by assuming that nuclei, from the stellar winds of massive stars, are accelerated at the collision region of the stellar winds. We calculate the rates of injection of protons and neutrons from fragmentation of these nuclei in collisions with stellar radiation and matter of the winds from the massive companions in binary system. Protons and neutrons can interact with the matter, within the stellar wind cavity and within the open cluster, producing pions which decay into $\\gamma$-rays and neutrinos. We discuss the detectability of such $\\gamma$-ray emission by the present and future Cherenkov telescopes for the case of two binary systems Eta Carinae, within the Carina Nebula, and WR 20a, within the Westerlund 2 open cluster. We also calculate the neutrino fluxes produced by protons around the...

Bednarek, W; Sobczak, T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Process for modifying the metal ion sorption capacity of a medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for modifying a medium is disclosed that includes treating a medium having a metal ion sorption capacity with a solution that includes: A) an agent capable of forming a complex with metal ions; and B) ions selected from the group consisting of sodium ions, potassium ions, magnesium ions, and combinations thereof, to create a medium having an increased capacity to sorb metal ions relative to the untreated medium.

Lundquist, Susan H. (White Bear Township, MN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A New Cavity Design For Medium Beta Acceleration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heavy duty or cw, superconducting proton and heavy ion accelerators are being proposed and constructed worldwide. The total length of the machine is one of the main drivers in terms of cost. Thus hwr and spoke cavities at medium beta are usually optimized to achieve low surface field and high gradient. A novel accelerating structure at beta=0.5 evolved from spoke cavity is proposed, with lower surface fields but slightly higher heat load. It would be an interesting option for pulsed and cw accelerators with beam energy of more than 200mev/u.

He, Feisi [Peking University, Beijing (China); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Wang, Haipeng [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Rimmer, Robert A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Nuclear medium effects in $?(\\bar?)$-nucleus deep inelastic scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the nuclear medium effects in the weak structure functions $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and $F_3(x,Q^2)$ in the deep inelastic neutrino/antineutrino reactions in nuclei. We use a theoretical model for the nuclear spectral functions which incorporates the conventional nuclear effects, such as Fermi motion, binding and nucleon correlations. We also consider the pion and rho meson cloud contributions calculated from a microscopic model for meson-nucleus self-energies. The calculations have been performed using relativistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations. Our results are compared with the experimental data of NuTeV and CDHSW.

H. Haider; I. Ruiz Simo; M. Sajjad Athar; M. J. Vicente Vacas

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

485

Microscopic optical potentials of the nucleon-nucleus elastic scattering at medium energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microscopic optical potentials of the nucleon-nucleus elastic scattering at medium energies R interpreted in terms of the phenomenological optical model potential [1]. At medium and high energies of the optical model approach at medium energies has also some theoretical founda- tions. At a sufficiently large

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

486

Background: Extratropical Cyclones and NWP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flow is highly baroclinic (it has a large vertical shear), with maximum zonal wind speed (jetstream variations are also seen in mean zonal wind speeds. In the NH the maximum zonal wind speed is approximately in this hemisphere and the ability of the ocean to retain heat. Thermal wind balance implies that similar seasonal

Froude, Lizzie

487

Theoretical study of cyclone design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

differential equation. Barth??s "static particle" theory, particle (with diameter of d50) collection probability is 50% when the forces acting on it are balanced, combined with the force balance equation was applied in the theoretical analyses for the models...

Wang, Lingjuan

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

488

WMAP constraints on the Intra-Cluster Medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We devise a Monte-Carlo based, optimized filter match method to extract the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) signature of a catalog of 116 low-redshift X-ray clusters from the first year data release of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). We detect an over-all amplitude for the SZ signal at the ~ 8-sigma level, yielding a combined constraint of f_{gas}h = 0.08 +/- 0.01 (ran) +/- 0.01 (sys) on the gas mass fraction of the Intra-Cluster Medium. We also compile X-ray estimated gas fractions from the literature for our sample, and find that they are consistent with the SZ estimates at the 2-sigma level, while both show an increasing trend with X-ray temperature. Nevertheless, our SZ estimated gas fraction is 30-40% smaller than the concordance LCDM cosmic average. We also express our observations in terms of the SZ flux-temperature relation, and compare it with other observations, as well as numerical studies. Based on its spectral and spatial signature, we can also extract the microwave point source signal of the clusters at the 3-sigma level, which puts the average microwave luminosity (at ~ 41 GHz) of bright cluster members (M_K 5 kev. Our work serves as an example for how correlation of SZ surveys with cluster surveys in other frequencies can significantly increase our physical understanding of the intra-cluster medium.

Niayesh Afshordi; Yen-Ting Lin; Alastair J. R. Sanderson

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

489

Oil displacement through a porous medium with a temperature gradient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effect of a temperature gradient on oil recovery in a two-dimensional pore-network model. The oil viscosity depends on temperature as, $\\mu_o=exp(B/T)$, where $B$ is a physico-chemical parameter depending on the type of oil, and $T$ is the temperature. A temperature gradient is applied across the medium in the flow direction. Initially, the porous medium is saturated with oil and, then, another fluid is injected. We have considered two cases representing different injection strategies. In the first case, the invading fluid viscosity is constant (finite viscosity ratio) while in the second one, the invading fluid is inviscid (infinite viscosity ratio). Our results show that, for the case of finite viscosity ratio, recovery increases with $\\Delta T$ independently on strength or sign of the gradient. For an infinite viscosity ratio, a positive temperature gradient is necessary to enhance recovery. Moreover, we show that, for $\\Delta T>0$, the percentage of oil recovery generally decreases (inc...

Oliveira, C L N; Herrmann, H J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Doppler effect in the oscillator radiation process in the medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the radiation process of the charged particle passing through an external periodic field in a dispersive medium. In the optical range of spectrum we will consider two cases: first, the source has not eigenfrequency, and second, the source has eigenfrequency. In the first case, when the Cherenkov radiation occurs, the non-zero eigenfrequency produces a paradox for Doppler effect. It is shown that the absence of the eigenfrequency solves the paradox known in the literature. The question whether the process is normal (i.e. hard photons are being radiated under the small angles) or anomalous depends on the law of the medium dispersion. When the source has an eigenfrequency the Doppler effects can be either normal or anomalous. In the X-ray range of the oscillator radiation spectrum we have two photons radiated under the same angle- soft and hard. In this case the radiation obeys to so-called complicated Doppler effect, i.e. in the soft photon region we have anomalous Doppler effect and in the hard photon region we have normal Doppler effect.

Lekdar Gevorgian; Valeri Vardanyan

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

491

Distortionless optical pulse propagation in a three-level medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on computer-generated solutions to the coupled matter-field equations which provide the first evidence for distortionless optical pulse propagation in an absorbing medium of three-level atoms. The associated phenomenon represents the three-level equivalent of self-induced transparency in two-level atoms. Results have application to the propagation of short, coherent optical pulses in a medium in which the atoms have two distinct transition frequencies in near resonance with the pulse carrier frequency. We relate in particular to the case of pulse propagation in a magnetically perturbed sodium vapor where the pulse carrier frequency is tuned near the frequencies of the well-known sodium D lines. Here we obtain particular solutions corresponding to three and five peak pulses with "areas" of approximately 6? and 10?, respectively. The solutions are strongly supported by a number of analytical results. In particular, simple algebraic relations are found which give the populations of the levels in terms of the field variables.

J. Higginbotham; R. T. Deck; D. G. Ellis

1977-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Development and Benchmarking of a Hybrid PIC Code For Dense Plasmas and Fast Ignition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation processes play an important role in the study of both fast ignition and other inertial confinement schemes, such as plasma jet driven magneto-inertial fusion, both in their effect on energy balance, and in generating diagnostic signals. In the latter case, warm and hot dense matter may be produced by the convergence of a plasma shell formed by the merging of an assembly of high Mach number plasma jets. This innovative approach has the potential advantage of creating matter of high energy densities in voluminous amount compared with high power lasers or particle beams. An important application of this technology is as a plasma liner for the flux compression of magnetized plasma to create ultra-high magnetic fields and burning plasmas. HyperV Technologies Corp. has been developing plasma jet accelerator technology in both coaxial and linear railgun geometries to produce plasma jets of sufficient mass, density, and velocity to create such imploding plasma liners. An enabling tool for the development of this technology is the ability to model the plasma dynamics, not only in the accelerators themselves, but also in the resulting magnetized target plasma and within the merging/interacting plasma jets during transport to the target. Welch pioneered numerical modeling of such plasmas (including for fast ignition) using the LSP simulation code. Lsp is an electromagnetic, parallelized, plasma simulation code under development since 1995. It has a number of innovative features making it uniquely suitable for modeling high energy density plasmas including a hybrid fluid model for electrons that allows electrons in dense plasmas to be modeled with a kinetic or fluid treatment as appropriate. In addition to in-house use at Voss Scientific, several groups carrying out research in Fast Ignition (LLNL, SNL, UCSD, AWE (UK), and Imperial College (UK)) also use LSP. A collaborative team consisting of HyperV Technologies Corp., Voss Scientific LLC, FAR-TECH, Inc., Prism Computational Sciences, Inc. and Advanced Energy Systems Inc. joined efforts to develop new physics and numerical models for LSP in several key areas to enhance the ability of LSP to model high energy density plasmas (HEDP). This final report details those efforts. Areas addressed in this research effort include: adding radiation transport to LSP, first in 2D and then fully 3D, extending the EMHD model to 3D, implementing more advanced radiation and electrode plasma boundary conditions, and installing more efficient implicit numerical algorithms to speed complex 2-D and 3-D computations. The new capabilities allow modeling of the dominant processes in high energy density plasmas, and further assist the development and optimization of plasma jet accelerators, with particular attention to MHD instabilities and plasma/wall interaction (based on physical models for ion drag friction and ablation/erosion of the electrodes). In the first funding cycle we implemented a solver for the radiation diffusion equation. To solve this equation in 2-D, we used finite-differencing and applied the parallelized sparse-matrix solvers in the PETSc library (Argonne National Laboratory) to the resulting system of equations. A database of the necessary coefficients for materials of interest was assembled using the PROPACEOS and ATBASE codes from Prism. The model was benchmarked against Prism's 1-D radiation hydrodynamics code HELIOS, and against experimental data obtained from HyperV's separately funded plasma jet accelerator development program. Work in the second funding cycle focused on extending the radiation diffusion model to full 3-D, continued development of the EMHD model, optimizing the direct-implicit model to speed up calculations, add in multiply ionized atoms, and improved the way boundary conditions are handled in LSP. These new LSP capabilities were then used, along with analytic calculations and Mach2 runs, to investigate plasma jet merging, plasma detachment and transport, restrike and advanced jet accelerator design. In addition, a strong linkage to diagnostic measureme

Witherspoon, F. Douglas [HyperV Technologies Corp.; Welch, Dale R. [Voss Scientific, LLC; Thompson, John R. [FAR-TECH, Inc.; MacFarlane, Joeseph J. [Prism Computational Sciences Inc.; Phillips, Michael W. [Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.; Bruner, Nicki [Voss Scientific, LLC; Mostrom, Chris [Voss Scientific, LLC; Thoma, Carsten [Voss Scientific, LLC; Clark, R. E. [Voss Scientific, LLC; Bogatu, Nick [FAR-TECH, Inc.; Kim, Jin-Soo [FAR-TECH, Inc.; Galkin, Sergei [FAR-TECH, Inc.; Golovkin, Igor E. [Prism Computational Sciences, Inc.; Woodruff, P. R. [Prism Computational Sciences, Inc.; Wu, Linchun [HyperV Technologies Corp.; Messer, Sarah J. [HyperV Technologies Corp.

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

493

A MASSIVE PROTOSTAR FORMING BY ORDERED COLLAPSE OF A DENSE, MASSIVE CORE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present 30 and 40 {mu}m imaging of the massive protostar G35.20-0.74 with SOFIA-FORCAST. The high surface density of the natal core around the protostar leads to high extinction, even at these relatively long wavelengths, causing the observed flux to be dominated by that emerging from the near-facing outflow cavity. However, emission from the far-facing cavity is still clearly detected. We combine these results with fluxes from the near-infrared to mm to construct a spectral energy distribution (SED). For isotropic emission the bolometric luminosity would be 3.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }. We perform radiative transfer modeling of a protostar forming by ordered, symmetric collapse from a massive core bounded by a clump with high-mass surface density, {Sigma}{sub cl}. To fit the SED requires protostellar masses {approx}20-34 M{sub Sun} depending on the outflow cavity opening angle (35 Degree-Sign -50 Degree-Sign ), and {Sigma}{sub cl} {approx} 0.4-1 g cm{sup -2}. After accounting for the foreground extinction and the flashlight effect, the true bolometric luminosity is {approx}(0.7-2.2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} L{sub Sun }. One of these models also has excellent agreement with the observed intensity profiles along the outflow axis at 10, 18, 31, and 37 {mu}m. Overall our results support a model of massive star formation involving the relatively ordered, symmetric collapse of a massive, dense core and the launching bipolar outflows that clear low-density cavities. Thus a unified model may apply for the formation of both low- and high-mass stars.

Zhang, Yichen; Tan, Jonathan C.; Telesco, Charles [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); De Buizer, James M.; Sandell, Goeran; Shuping, Ralph [SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, P.O. Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)] [SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, P.O. Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Beltran, Maria T. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, Firenze I-50125 (Italy)] [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, Firenze I-50125 (Italy); Churchwell, Ed; Whitney, Barbara [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); McKee, Christopher F. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Staff, Jan E., E-mail: yc.zhang@astro.ufl.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

494

Shear thickening and jamming in densely packed suspensions of different particle shapes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigated the effects of particle shape on shear thickening in densely packed suspensions. Rods of different aspect ratios and non-convex hooked rods were fabricated. Viscosity curves and normal stresses were measured using a rheometer for a wide range of packing fractions for each shape. Suspensions of each shape exhibit qualitatively similar Discontinuous Shear Thickening. The logarithmic slope of the stress/shear-rate relation increases dramatically with packing fraction and diverges at a critical packing fraction phi_c which depends on particle shape. The packing fraction dependence of the viscosity curves for different convex shapes can be collapsed when the packing fraction is normalized by phi_c. Intriguingly, viscosity curves for non-convex particles do not collapse on the same set as convex particles, showing strong shear thickening over a wider range of packing fraction. The value of phi_c is found to coincide with the onset of a yield stress at the jamming transition, suggesting the jamming transition also controls shear thickening. The yield stress is found to correspond with trapped air in the suspensions, and the scale of the stress can be attributed to interfacial tension forces which dramatically increase above phi_c due to the geometric constraints of jamming. The relationship between shear and normal stresses is found to be linear in both the shear thickening and jammed regimes, indicating that the shear stresses come from friction. In the limit of zero shear rate, normal stresses pull the rheometer plates together due to the surface tension of the liquid below phi_c, but push the rheometer plates apart due to jamming above phi_c.

Eric Brown; Hanjun Zhang; Nicole A. Forman; Benjamin W. Maynor; Douglas E. Betts; Joseph M. DeSimone; Heinrich M. Jaeger

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

495

Light narrowing of magnetic resonance lines in dense, optically pumped alkali-metal vapor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new and unusual phenomenon which we call light narrowing is reported and discussed in this paper. We discovered this effect in dense, spin-polarized cesium vapor optically pumped with a cw blue dye laser beam tuned to the second resonance D1 line (4593 Å). We observe a significant narrowing of the radio-frequency power-broadened magnetic resonance lines (linewidths narrow by as much as a factor of 2.5) when the intensity of the circularly polarized incident dye laser beam is increased by either focusing the beam or by the removal of attenuating filters from the focused beam. The magnetic resonance linewidths in spin-polarized cesium vapor were measured over a wide range of cesium number densities (5×1012 cm-3 ?[Cs]?1×1016 cm-3). This corresponds to cesium spinexchange rates of 4.5×103 to 9×106 sec-1. For low cesium number densities (5×1012 1×1015 cm-3) this light-narrowing effect almost completely disappears. In the limit of low-radio-frequency power the magnetic resonance linewidths for focused and unfocused dye laser beam are nearly the same. Experimental observations on this new effect are presented in detail. In the latter part of this paper a self-contained theoretical treatment of the light-narrowing effect is developed. Using Bloch equations in the presence of optical pumping, spin relaxation (diffusion, electron randomization), rapid spin exchange, and radio-frequency magnetic field, expressions for magnetic resonance line shapes are derived. In general, we find good agreement between our experimental results and the theory.

N. D. Bhaskar; J. Camparo; W. Happer; A. Sharma

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Kinetic simulation of the O-X conversion process in dense magnetized plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One scheme for heating a dense magnetized plasma core, such as in a tokamak, involves launching an ordinary (O) electromagnetic wave at the low density edge. It is converted to a reflected extraordinary (X) electromagnetic wave under certain conditions, and then transformed into an electron Bernstein wave able to reach high density regions inaccessible to most other waves. The O-X mode conversion is important in heating and diagnostic processes in different devices such as tokamaks, stellarators, and some types of pinches. The goal of this study has been to demonstrate that the kinetic particle-in-cell (PIC) scheme is suitable for modeling the O-X conversion process as the first step toward a more complete simulation of O-X-B heating. The O-X process is considered and simulated with a kinetic particle model for parameters of the TJ-II stellarator using the PIC code, XOOPIC. This code is able to model the non-monotonic density and the magnetic profile of the TJ-II stellarator. It can also statistically represent the self-consistent distribution function of the plasma, which has not been possible in previous fluid models. By considering the electric and magnetic components of launched and reflected waves, the O-mode and X-mode waves can be detected, and the O-X conversion can be demonstrated. In this work, the optimum angle for conversion efficiency, as predicted by the previous theory and experimentally confirmed, is used. Via considering the power of the launched O-mode wave and the converted X-mode wave, the efficiency of 63% for O-X conversion for the optimum theoretical launch angle of 47{sup ?} is obtained, which is in good agreement with efficiencies computed via full-wave simulations.

Ali Asgarian, M. [Physics Department, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of) [Physics Department, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, Michigan 48824-1226 (United States); Verboncoeur, J. P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, Michigan 48824-1226 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, Michigan 48824-1226 (United States); Parvazian, A. [Physics Department, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Physics Department, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Trines, R. [STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot (United Kingdom)] [STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot (United Kingdom)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Collisional absorption of laser light in under-dense plasma: The role of Coulomb logarithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we re-examine collisional absorption of 800?nm wavelength laser pulses in under-dense plasma. For a given temperature and density of the plasma, most of the conventional models of the electron-ion collision frequency ?{sub ei}, with a Coulomb logarithm independent of the electron-ponderomotive velocity, show that ?{sub ei} and the corresponding fractional laser absorption ? remain almost constant (or decrease slowly) up to a value I{sub c} of the peak intensity I{sub 0} of the laser pulse, and then ?{sub ei} and ? decrease as ?I{sub 0}{sup ?3/2} when I{sub 0} is increased beyond I{sub c}. On the contrary, below some temperature (?10?eV) and density, with a total-velocity (thermal velocity plus the ponderomotive velocity) dependent Coulomb logarithm, we find that ?{sub ei} and ? grow hand in hand up to a maximum value around I{sub c} followed by the conventional I{sub 0}{sup ?3/2} decrease when I{sub 0}>I{sub c}. Such a non-conventional anomalous variation of ? with I{sub 0} was observed in some earlier experiments, but no explanation has been given so far. The modified Coulomb logarithm considered in this work may be responsible for those experimental observations. With increasing temperature and density, the anomalous behavior is found to disappear even with the modified Coulomb logarithm, and the variation of ?{sub ei} and ? with I{sub 0} approach to the conventional scenario.

Kundu, M. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Geochemistry of Magnesium Silicate Carbonation in an Aqueous Medium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geochemistry of Magnesium Silicate Geochemistry of Magnesium Silicate Carbonation in an Aqueous Medium (Carbon Mineralization) Jon Benner, Deb Bergfeld, Dave Bish, Darrin Byler, Bill Carey, Steve Chipera, George Guthrie, Klaus Lackner, Hans Ziock Hydrology, Geochemistry, Geology Group Los Alamos National Laboratory LA-UR-01-4206 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited George Guthrie gguthrie@lanl.gov 505-665-6340 Mineral Carbonation: Conversion of CO 2 into Carbonates * alkali carbonates too soluble * alkaline earth carbonates ideal sources: Ca-silicates (feldspar) Mg-silicates (olivine, serpentine, clays) Mg 2+ + CO 3 2- => MgCO 3 Mg 2 SiO 4 + 4H + => 2Mg 2+ + SiO 2(aq) Ultramafic rocks are an abundant Mg source (~0.2 km) 3 serpentine / GW-yr Challenges for Mineral-Carbonation

499

MERIX - medium resolution (R)IXS at the APS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MERIX MERIX MERIX is a medium energy resolution 6 circle diffractometer for non-resonant and resonant inelastic x-ray measurements. Detect Strip detector: dramatically more collected phonons at a given energy resolution compared to conventional detectors (principle of operation). Pin diode detector mounted on the two theta arm for final sample alignment Fluorescence detector: for absorption measurements on samples Spot size: focused horizontal x vertical = 45 um x 6 um, unfocussed = 2.2 mm x 0.4 mm Momentum resolution varies with incident energy but the angular acceptance of the analyzer is 5.7 degrees. This can be reduced with slits. Maximum two-theta is 90 (horizontal) and 62 (vertical). chi range is -15 to 20 or 75 to 110 (depending on which phi circle is used)

500

Some properties of convective oscillations in porous medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Convective oscillations in porous media are studied numerically. A two-dimensional square, differentially heated cavity, filled with a saturated porous medium, is considered subject to linear harmonic oscillations in the vertical direction. The formulation is based on the Darcy-Boussinesq model. The problem includes three nondimensional parameters: the Rayleigh number for porous media Ra, its vibrational analog Ra{sub v}, and the nondimensional frequency f. The time-dependent Darcy-Boussinesq equations have been solved using a pseudo-spectral Chebyshev collocation method. The instantaneous fields of the established oscillatory regimes are presented. Also, some instantaneous and mean characteristics are studied and discussed. The distinctions from the case of viscous fluid alone are emphasized.

Khallouf, H.; Mojitabi, A. [Univ. Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (France); Gershuni, G.Z. [Perm State Univ. (Russian Federation). Dept. of Theoretical Physics

1996-11-08T23:59:59.000Z