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Sample records for denmark djibouti dominica

  1. TKE-Djibouti Power Light | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TKE-Djibouti Power Light Jump to: navigation, search Name: TKE-Djibouti Power Light Place: Djibouti, Djibouti Country: Djibouti Sector: Renewable Energy Website: www.djpl.org...

  2. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Faroe...

  3. Djibouti: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Djibouti Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code DJ 3-letter ISO code DJI Numeric ISO code...

  4. NNSA, Djibouti Transition Radiation Detection System | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Security Administration NNSA, Djibouti Transition Radiation Detection System March 26, 2014 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) recently celebrated the transition of full responsibility to the government of Djibouti for the radiation detection system located at the Doraleh Container Terminal at the Port of Djibouti. The joint ceremony was held in Djibouti's capital to mark the event attended by senior officials from Djibouti, the U.S., and Ethiopia. This

  5. Dominica: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Dominica Population 72,301 GDP 497,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.00 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code DM 3-letter ISO code DMA Numeric ISO...

  6. Dominica-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and...

  7. Dominica Grants Geothermal Exploration and Development License to Caribbean Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The geothermal resources of Dominica will now be developed by a Caribbean company as a long-term response to the high cost of electricity in the country.

  8. Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) AgencyCompany Organization World Bank,...

  9. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Dominica (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of Dominica, an island nation located southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles.

  10. EDIN Announces New Projects in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Dominica, and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    across the Pacific - News Releases | NREL EDIN Announces New Projects in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Dominica, and across the Pacific April 9, 2009 HONOLULU, HI, - The International Partnership for Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) today announced three new pilot projects. The U.S. pilot project participant will be the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI); Iceland's pilot project will be working with Dominica; and New Zealand will work to assess geothermal potential for numerous Pacific Island

  11. User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Congo 12 Djibouti 3 Dominica 9 Dominican Republic 12 Ecuador 7 Egypt 14 El Salvador 8 Equatorial Guinea 4 Eritrea 3 Estonia 2 Ethiopia 21 Fiji 1 Gabon 10 ... further...

  12. Copenhagen, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Core Carbon Group AS CCG Danionics A S Dansk Solar Energy Denmark Solar Industry DSI Lithium Balance Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative NordEnergie Renewables A S Proark...

  13. Denmark Solar Industry DSI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1550 Sector: Solar Product: Manufactures and distributes solar panels and systems. Coordinates: 55.67631, 12.569355 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Roskilde, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy Environment and Sustainable Development URC References Retrieved from "http:...

  15. Energy use in Denmark: An international perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schipper, L.; Howarth, R.; Andersson, B.; Price, L.

    1992-08-01

    This report analyzes the evolution use in Denmark since the early 1970s in order to shed light on the future path of energy use in Denmark, with particular emphasis on the role of energy efficiency. The authors found that improvements in end-use energy efficiency reduced primary energy requirements in Denmark by 22% between 1972 and 1988. Focusing on developments in six individual sectors of the Danish economy (residential, manufacturing, other industry, service, travel, and freight), they found that the residential, manufacturing, and service sectors have led the improvements in efficiency. Travel showed few significant improvements and the efficiency of freight transportation worsened. The international comparisons showed that the structure of energy use in Denmark is less energy-intensive than that of most high-income OECD countries, with the exception of Japan. Overall, they concluded that most of the energy savings achieved in Denmark were brought about through improvements in technology. They also found that an important stimulus for improved efficiency was higher energy prices, led in no small part by significant taxes imposed on small consumers of heating oil, electricity, and motor fuels. Energy-efficiency programs accelerated energy savings in homes and commercial buildings. The rate of improvement of energy efficiency in Denmark has slowed down significantly since 1984, consistent with trends observed in other major countries. While many of the energy-efficiency goals stated or implied in Denmark`s Energi 2000 are achievable over a very long period, present trends do not point towards achievement of these goals by 2010 or even 2020. Strong measures will have to be developed by both public and private authorities if energy efficiency is to make a key contributions to reducing environmental problems associated with energy use in Denmark.

  16. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Denmark...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  17. Sandia Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark - Sandia Energy Energy Search ... Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ...

  18. Denmark, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Denmark is a town in Lewis County, New York.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor...

  19. Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Falkland Islands Fiji Finland France ...

  20. Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands Fiji Finland France ...

  1. Dominica Grants Geothermal Exploration and Development License...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Geothermal energy is generated by heat stored beneath the earth's surface and therefore requires no purchase of fuel. Efforts have been ongoing throughout the Caribbean to harness ...

  2. Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Island-NREL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Wind Topics Background analysis Website http:...

  3. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  4. Djibouti-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation...

  5. Environmental assessment of garden waste management in the Municipality of Aarhus, Denmark

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boldrin, Alessio; Andersen, Jacob K.; Christensen, Thomas H.

    2011-07-15

    An environmental assessment of six scenarios for handling of garden waste in the Municipality of Aarhus (Denmark) was performed from a life cycle perspective by means of the LCA-model EASEWASTE. In the first (baseline) scenario, the current garden waste management system based on windrow composting was assessed, while in the other five scenarios alternative solutions including incineration and home composting of fractions of the garden waste were evaluated. The environmental profile (normalised to Person Equivalent, PE) of the current garden waste management in Aarhus is in the order of -6 to 8 mPE Mg{sup -1} ww for the non-toxic categories and up to 100 mPE Mg{sup -1} ww for the toxic categories. The potential impacts on non-toxic categories are much smaller than what is found for other fractions of municipal solid waste. Incineration (up to 35% of the garden waste) and home composting (up to 18% of the garden waste) seem from an environmental point of view suitable for diverting waste away from the composting facility in order to increase its capacity. In particular the incineration of woody parts of the garden waste improved the environmental profile of the garden waste management significantly.

  6. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  7. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  8. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  9. Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MWhyear 143 2008 NREL Coal Reserves Unavailable Million Short Tons NA 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 61,300,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 62 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves...

  10. Stirling Denmark Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    biomass-fueled Stirling engines for power generation with zero CO2 impact. Coordinates: 56.866669, 8.31667 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  11. Randers, Denmark: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2615006 Coordinates 56.46667, 10.05 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3"...

  12. SLD | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    SLD Proliferation Detection NNSA, Argentina Transition Radiation Detection System NNSA, Djibouti Transition Radiation Detection System NNSA Transitions Radiation Detection System ...

  13. Caribbean-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    internatio Country Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Saint...

  14. Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    enpraxis95 Country Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto...

  15. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  16. National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho,...

  17. Suzlon Energy Wind A S Denmark | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danish subsidiary is also the head quarters for international operations. Coordinates: 56.153005, 10.204525 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  18. Complex Queries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electricity Markets Afghanistan-NREL Mission Afghanistan-NREL Resource Maps and Toolkits China-NREL Cooperation Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation Egypt-NREL Energy Activities...

  19. Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.ecpamericas.org Program Start 2010 Country Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States South...

  20. NREL: Technology Transfer - African Delegation Exchanges Knowledge...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experts May 18, 2015 Tapping into 14,000 megawatts of geothermal potential in eastern Africa is the focus one new collaboration at NREL. Six visitors from Djibouti, Ethiopia, and...

  1. The best news for LPG in Denmark is diesel conversion breakthrough

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    Throughout Scandanavia, taxes seem to drive the marketplace. Governments do not want to encourage consumption of alcoholic beverages, so they tax them heavily, thereby actually discouraging their use. Using the same means, they dictate the fate of the various fuels. Taxes have depressed propane's use to a large extent; today it is priced at three times natural gas, with the result that it accounts for only 0.5%-0.7% of total energy consumption. But, this paper reports on a potential new star that has appeared on the horizon, as participants in the People-to-People sojourn to Scandanavia last August learned. It's a program of converting diesel buses to propane, and officials of the company that is marketing it, Skibby Motor A/S, are so confident of its success that they have already begun a campaign of introducing it to the U.S.

  2. EcoGrid Denmark, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    term technologies and market solutions for power systems with increased share of distributed generation and renewable energy sources while maintaining the reliability of...

  3. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  4. Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN), Partnering to Increase Island Energy Security Around the World (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the international partnership for Energy Development in Island nations, including mission, goals, and organization. It also includes background on EDIN's three pilot projects: U.S. Virgin Islands, Iceland-Dominica Collaboration, and New Zealand-Geothermal Potential in the Pacific.

  5. European Energy A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based independent power producer group specializing in renewable energy. The firm's main focus is on the...

  6. EcoGrid EU (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EU (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EcoGrid EU Country Denmark Headquarters Location Bornholm, Denmark Coordinates 55.160427, 14.866884 Loading...

  7. Danionics A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1471 Product: An international manufacturer of advanced lithium-ion polymer batteries with activities in Denmark (R&D and sales), China...

  8. Floating Power Plant A S FPP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Plant A S FPP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Floating Power Plant AS (FPP) Address: Stenholtsvej 27 Place: Fredensborg, Denmark Zip: DK-3480 Region: Denmark Sector: Wind...

  9. Fritz Schur Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Zip: 2860 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based supplier of complete hydraulic control solutions to the energy industry, specifically wind energy. Coordinates:...

  10. Wave Dragon ApS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Country: Denmark Zip: DK-2200 Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Product: Wave energy converter development company. Has patented the Wave Dragon, an offshore floating...

  11. Wave Star Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Star Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wave Star Energy Place: Denmark Zip: DK-2920 Product: Denmark-based private wave device developer. References: Wave Star Energy1...

  12. Baltic Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baltic Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Baltic Energy Group Place: Jyllinge, Denmark Zip: DK 4040 Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based...

  13. Merchant Green | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Jump to: navigation, search Name: Merchant Green Place: Holstebro, Denmark Zip: DK7500 Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Denmark-based market intelligence firm...

  14. Norden | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark, is a formal cooperation between Nordic amongst Nordic countries, which includes Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and the...

  15. Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Thisted, Denmark Coordinates 56.959167, 8.703492 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  16. CT Offshore | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: CT Offshore Place: Otterup, Denmark Zip: 5450 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based consultancy which provides assistance for project...

  17. HOMEe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: HOMEe Place: Denmark Product: Denmark-based maker of home automation products, including devices to manage lighting and climate. References: HOMEe1...

  18. Sandia Energy Infrastructure Assurance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wind-turbine-blade-flaw-detection-experiments-in-denmark http:energy.sandia.gov...

  19. RAcell Solar AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AS Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 1820 Sector: Solar Product: Denmark based producer of solar cells and modules; also provides turnkey system installation for PV and BIPV....

  20. Notices

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    918 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 146 / Tuesday, July 30, 2013 / Notices The countries which are scheduled to be discussed are Antigua and Barbuda, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Granada, Hungary, Philippines, and Sint Maarten. The meeting agenda, as well as the staff analyses pertaining to the meeting will be posted on the Department of Education's Web site prior to the meeting at http://www2.ed.gov/about/ bdscomm/list/ncfmea.html. Reasonable Accommodations: The meeting site is accessible to

  1. WPD Danmark A S i G | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danmark A S i G Jump to: navigation, search Name: WPD Danmark AS (i.G.) Place: Rdekro, Denmark Zip: 6230 Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based, subsidiary of WDP AG...

  2. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: Roads to Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High in Denmark , SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  3. Energy Systems Integration Facility Delivering on Promise to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Denmark, in the Visualization Lab in the ESIF at the National Renewable Energy Lab. ... in Denmark, in the Visualization Lab in the ESIF at the National Renewable Energy Lab. ...

  4. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: History in the Making

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High in Denmark , SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  5. 2015 Wind Energy Systems Engineering Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with the Technical University of Denmarks Department of Wind Energy to co-host the third biennial Wind Energy Systems Engineering Workshop...

  6. 2016 Bioenergizeme Infographic Challenge: Transportation Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Denmark-Olar High School in Denmark, SC, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic...

  7. U.S. Department of Energy and the MIT Energy Initiative Announce...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... in July 2010. Australia, Denmark, Mexico, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, the United ... and technology development, entrepreneurship and innovative business models, ...

  8. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union,...

  9. European Pellet Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Centre Place: Denmark Product: Information provider that targets professional pellet market actors across Europe. References: European Pellet Centre1 This article is a stub....

  10. Agro Business Park | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Business Park Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agro Business Park Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public sector )...

  11. Biogasol AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Denmark Sector: Biomass Product: Engineering and technology company based on a novel proprietary process for cost effective production of bioethanol from low cost and...

  12. BTM Consult | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BTM Consult Jump to: navigation, search Name: BTM Consult Place: Ringkobing, Denmark Zip: DK 6950 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: Consultancy company specialising in...

  13. SPOK EMU Consult | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SPOK EMU Consult Jump to: navigation, search Name: SPOK EMU Consult Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 2200 Product: Manager of the EC backed the Wave Dragon project. Coordinates:...

  14. Nordisk Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Product: Wholesaler and distributor of electrical equipment as well as HWS (heating, water, and sanitary) components. References: Nordisk Solar1 This article is a...

  15. Serenergy A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Serenergy AS Place: Stovring, Denmark Zip: 9530 Product: Designs and manufactures fuel cell stacks and power modules for system integrators. Coordinates: 56.891491, 9.83703...

  16. Dantherm Power A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Dantherm Power AS Place: Denmark Product: Danish fuel cell developer. A subsidiary of the Dantherm Group. References: Dantherm Power AS1 This...

  17. LM Wind Power formerly LM Glasfiber AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power formerly LM Glasfiber AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: LM Wind Power (formerly LM Glasfiber AS) Place: Kolding, Denmark Zip: 6000 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  18. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. ...

  19. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Western Europe data consists of the following 16 countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, ...

  20. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Wik, Daniel R.; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U.; Hornstrup, A.; Denmark, Tech. U.; Molendi, S.; IASF,...

  1. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission","Wik, Daniel R.; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U.; Hornstrup, A.; Denmark, Tech. U.; Molendi, S.; IASF,...

  2. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  4. WorldWide Science.org

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Australia Bangladesh Benin Botswana Brazil Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada Chile China Colombia Congo Cote d'lvoire Cuba Czech Republic Denmark Egypt Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia ...

  5. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Copenhagen, Denmark, began receiving electricity through HTSC cable. That same year, three 400-foot HTSC cables were installed for Detroit Edison at the Frisbie Substation...

  6. Colexon Solar Invest AS Formerly Renewagy AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: Denmark-based development and investment company that focuses on wind and solar PV project development. References: Colexon Solar Invest AS (Formerly Renewagy AS)1...

  7. Danish Technological Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Institute Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: DTI develops, applies and disseminates research- and technologically-based knowledge for the Danish and International business...

  8. National Environmental Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Research Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Environmental Research Institute Address: Box. 358 Frederiksborgvej 399 DK 4000 Place: Roskilde, Denmark Phone Number:...

  9. Nordtank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nordtank Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nordtank Place: Denmark Product: The company is now defunct through a merger with Micon to form NEG Micon. References: Nordtank1 This...

  10. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lithium Balance Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Product: Lithium ion battery developer. References: Lithium Balance1 This article is a stub....

  11. Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ways different European Union (EU) member states, including the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Denmark and Belgium, have implemented energy supplier obligations and white...

  12. Danbio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danbio Place: Kolding, Denmark Zip: 6000 Sector: Bioenergy Product: Danish Bioenergy Association Coordinates: 55.486405, 9.473455 Show Map...

  13. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Authors: Wik, Daniel R. ; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Molendi, S. ; IASF,...

  14. Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name: Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 2200 Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  15. Danish Wind Turbine Owners Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turbine Owners Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wind Turbine Owners' Association Place: Aarhus C, Denmark Zip: DK-8000 Sector: Wind energy Product: Danish Wind...

  16. Vestesen A S formerly Danvest Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Vestesen AS (formerly Danvest Energy) Place: AarhusViby J, Denmark Zip: 8260 Sector: Wind energy Product: Vestesen (formerly known as Danvest...

  17. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic ...

  18. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic ...

  19. Danish Solar Energy PLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danish Solar Energy PLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Solar Energy PLC Place: Copenhagen - Freeport, Denmark Zip: DK-2100 Sector: Solar Product: Copenhagen-based...

  20. EMD International AS formerly Energi og Milj data | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aalborg , Denmark Zip: 9220 Sector: Biomass, Wind energy Product: An independent software developer supplying companies and institutions worldwide with wind assessmentturbine...

  1. BEMS: Abstract book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    This volume provides abstracts of presentations made at the Sixteenth Meeting of The Bioelectromagnetics Society held June 12-17, 1994 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

  2. Bioener ApS formerly FLS milj a s | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Zip: 2500 Product: Industrial boiler manufacturer and EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contractor focussing on straw-firing. Coordinates: 55.67631,...

  3. UPDATED ADVISORY: Clean Energy Ministerial Photo Now at 11:15...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    invited from Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Norway, China, the Republic of Korea,...

  4. Vietnam-Danish Government Sector Programmes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policiesdeployment programs Program End 2012 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Denmark1 Promoting wind energy in...

  5. Agrowind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Skjern, Denmark Zip: 6900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Agrowind is developing wind turbine projects through out the European continent. At the moment our project development is...

  6. Proark Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Proark Energy Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: 1370 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Copenhagen-based management company owned by Proark - the Danish real...

  7. NordEnergie Renewables A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewables AS Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK 1265 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Copenhagen-based renewable energy project developer focused on wind and...

  8. Danish Wave Energy Development Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wave Energy Development Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wave Energy Development Ltd Place: Gentofte, Denmark Zip: 2820 Product: Original developer and now holding...

  9. Leancon Wave Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Leancon Wave Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Leancon Wave Energy Address: Alpedalsvej 37 Place: Kolding Zip: 6000 Region: Denmark Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone...

  10. Dansk Solar Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dansk Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Dansk Solar Energy Name: Dansk Solar Energy Address: Glckstadtsvej 2 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Sector: Solar Year Founded:...

  11. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cameroon Canada Chile China Colombia Congo Cote d'lvoire Cuba Czech Republic Denmark Egypt Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Germany Ghana Greece Honduras India Indonesia...

  12. Novi AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Novi AS Place: Denmark Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled ) References: Novi AS1 This...

  13. TriWo AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TriWo AG Place: Trier, Denmark Zip: 54290 Sector: Solar Product: Developer of solar photovoltaic electricity generation project in Germany. Coordinates: 49.757256, 6.636521...

  14. NREL: Photovoltaics Research -

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Program, "Materials for Energy Storage and Conversion." He received his Ph.D. in physics from the Technical University of Denmark, where he worked on first-principles...

  15. Windcast Group A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Windcast Group A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Windcast Group AS Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: Supplier of advanced and high quality casting components for...

  16. Electricity storage for short term power system service (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    storage for short term power system service (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity storage for short term power system service Country Denmark...

  17. Clean World Capital A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    World Capital A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clean World Capital AS Place: Lyngby, Denmark Sector: Carbon Product: A cleantech finance house based in Copenhagen and London....

  18. ACEEE SEP Paper with contacts.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Peter Therkelsen and Aimee McKane - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Ridah ... Performance (GSEP) United States Denmark India Canada European Commission Australia South ...

  19. Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    system, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Control and regulation of modern distribution system, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates...

  20. Global Wind Power AS GWP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: A Denmark-based company specialising in the development, installation and administration of wind farms whose wind turbines are sold to investors. Coordinates: 56.955614,...

  1. AVANTI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AVANTI Jump to: navigation, search Name: AVANTI Place: Hillerod, Denmark Zip: 3400 Sector: Wind energy Product: AVANTI specialises in the supply of Service Lifts and safety...

  2. Automation systems for Demand Response, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    systems for Demand Response, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Automation systems for Demand Response, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates...

  3. Measuring the Coronal Properties of IC 4329A with NuSTAR (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Astrophys. ; Harrison, F. A. ; Caltech ; Ballantyne, D. R. ; Georgia Tech ; Boggs, S. E. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Craig, W. ...

  4. The 2-79 keV X-ray Spectrum of the Circinus Galaxy with NuSTAR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Park, IGC ; Brightman, M. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark Tech U. ; Comastri, A. ; Bologna Observ. more ; Craig, W. W. ; Space Sci. ...

  5. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    U. ; Boggs, S. E. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. ; Christensen, F. E. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Craig, W. W. ; UC, Berkeley, Space Sci. Dept. LLNL, Livermore ; Hailey, C. J. ; ...

  6. Greentech Energy Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Systems Place: Denmark Product: The company aims to develop, own or partly own energy plants, which produce electricity on the basis of sustainable energy forms. References:...

  7. Consumer web (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    web (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Consumer web Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"...

  8. Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ForskEL...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392,...

  9. Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power Country Denmark...

  10. Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ENS (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENS (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity demand as frequency controlled reserves, ENS Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785...

  11. Vestas Wind Systems AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy Product: Denmark-based manufacturer of large-scale wind turbines. Coordinates: 56.459375, 10.035795 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  12. Flexcom, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Flexcom, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  13. Advanced Offshore Solutions ApS AOS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind energy Product: Denmark-based consultancy for offshore wind industry. Coordinates: 56.091431, 10.13779 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlema...

  14. DSOPilot project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    project Automatic receipt of short circuiting indicators Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  15. EVCOM (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EVCOM Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  16. Charge stands (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Charge stands Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  17. Dynamic tariffs (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Dynamic tariffs Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  18. Distribution System planning for Smart Grids, ForskEL (Smart...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name Distribution System planning for Smart Grids, ForskEL Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type...

  19. Global Renewable Energy Partners AS GREP AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Zip: 8900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind project developer. Coordinates: 56.459375, 10.035795 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlem...

  20. Core Carbon Group AS CCG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carbon Group AS CCG Jump to: navigation, search Name: Core Carbon Group AS (CCG) Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Zip: DK-1074 Sector: Carbon Product: The Core Carbon Group (formerly...

  1. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Wik, Daniel R. ; NASA, Goddard Johns Hopkins U. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Denmark, Tech. U. ; Molendi, S. ; IASF, Milan ; Madejski, G. ; KIPAC, Menlo Park SLAC ; Harrison, ...

  2. Danregn Vindkraft A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danregn Vindkraft A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danregn Vindkraft AS Place: Denmark Product: Previous owner of Bonus Energy, sold to Siemens Power Generation. References:...

  3. Sandia Energy Monitoring

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rspace-warning-area-established-to-aid-research-explorationfeed 0 Sandia Wind-Turbine Blade Flaw Detection Experiments in Denmark http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wind-turbine-bla...

  4. SSP Technology A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AS Place: Broby, Denmark Zip: DK-5672 Sector: Wind energy Product: Danish wind turbine blade manufacturer. Coordinates: 55.22995, 10.25757 Show Map Loading map......

  5. International Energy Agency | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    storage materials, hydrogen production from wind energy, and hydrogen from steam reformation. ... Participating countries include Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, ...

  6. Secretary Chu Announces $100 Million for Advanced Research Projects...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark. "I am pleased to announce ... Revolution in clean energy technologies, creating ... Bold, Transformational Energy Research Projects Win 151 ...

  7. Aalborg Energie Technik a s | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aalborg Energie Technik a s Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aalborg Energie Technik as Place: Aalborg, Denmark Zip: 9220 Sector: Biomass Product: Designs, engineers, constructs...

  8. Automation and security of Supply (Smart Grid Project) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and security of Supply (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Automation and security of Supply Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading...

  9. Accounting for the Effect of Turbulence on Wind Turbine Power Curves (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifton, A.; Wagner, R.

    2014-06-01

    This poster was presented at the Science of Making Torque Conference, June 18-20 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark. For more details, see NREL CP-5000-61561.

  10. Green Wind Energy formerly Solund Invest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Energy formerly Solund Invest Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Wind Energy (formerly Solund Invest) Place: DK-3460 Birkerd, Denmark Zip: DK-3460 Sector: Wind energy...

  11. TK Energi AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: TK Energi AS Place: Gadstrup, Denmark Zip: 4621 Product: Gasification technology and project developer Coordinates: 55.57378, 12.09784 Show Map...

  12. NuSTAR Detection of the Blazar B2 1023+25 at Redshift 5.3 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept. Penn State U., IGC ; Chirstensen, F.E. ; Denmark Tech. U. more ; Giommi, P. ; ASDC, Frascati Rome Observ. ; Greiner, J. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE ; Hailey, ...

  13. Danish Wind Industry Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Danish Wind Industry Association Place: Copenhagen V, Denmark Zip: DK-1552 Sector: Wind energy Product: The Danish Wind Industry Association...

  14. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Norway, the United...

  15. Amminex A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Amminex AS Place: Lyngby, Denmark Zip: DK-2800 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: Developing ammonia and hydrogen storage systems. Coordinates: 56.866669,...

  16. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  17. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  18. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  19. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  20. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  1. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  2. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  3. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  4. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  5. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  6. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  7. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | LHC experiments eliminate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  10. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  11. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  12. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, India, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Norway,...

  13. KEM | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    KEM Place: Denmark Sector: Biomass Product: Danish based supplier of biomass fired steam boilers used for power generation and heating. References: KEM1 This article is a...

  14. Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Topsil Semiconductor Materials AS Place: Frederikssund, Denmark Zip: 3600 Product: Danish specialist...

  15. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  16. National Geothermal Academy. Geo-Heat Center Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 31 No. 2 (Complete Bulletin). A Quarterly Progress and Development Report on the Direct Utilization of Geothermal Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Tonya; Maddi, Phillip

    2012-08-01

    The National Geothermal Academy (NGA) is an intensive 8-week overview of the different aspects involved in developing a geothermal project, hosted at University of Nevada, Reno. The class of 2012 was the second graduating class from the academy and included 21 students from nine states, as well as Saudi Arabia, Dominica, India, Trinidad, Mexico. The class consisted of people from a wide range of scholastic abilities from students pursuing a Bachelor’s or Master’s degrees, to entrepreneurs and professionals looking to improve their knowledge in the geothermal field. Students earned 6 credits, either undergraduate or graduate, in engineering or geology. Overall, the students of the NGA, although having diverse backgrounds in engineering, geology, finance, and other sciences, came together with a common passion to learn more about geothermal.

  17. UNEP-Risoe Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - Risoe Centre Address: UNEP Risoe Centre, Risoe DTU, Bldg. 142, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK 4000 Place: Roskilde, Denmark Number of Employees: 11-50 Year Founded: 1990...

  18. Siemens PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PG Wind Power Division formerly Bonus Energy A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: Siemens PG Wind Power Division (formerly Bonus Energy AS) Place: Brande, Denmark Zip: DK-7330...

  19. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Observations of the Bullet Cluster Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Wik Daniel R NASA Goddard Johns Hopkins U Hornstrup A Denmark Tech U Molendi S IASF Milan Madejski G...

  20. Emmelev | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Emmelev Jump to: navigation, search Name: Emmelev Place: Denmark Product: Danish biodiesel producer. References: Emmelev1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  1. Danionics Asia Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: N.T., Hong Kong, Hong Kong Product: JV between Danionics AS, Denmark, and GP Batteries International Ltd., Hong Kong. References: Danionics Asia Ltd1 This article is a...

  2. Competing charge, spin, and superconducting orders in underdoped...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ruixing ; Bonn, D.A. ; Hardy, W.N. ; Gutowski, O. ; Zimmermann, M.v. ; Hayden, S.M. ; Chang, J. 1 ; Denmark) 2 ; UBC) 2 ; DESY) 2 ; Ecole) 2 ; CIFAR) 2 ; Bristol) 2 ...

  3. Scandia Wind Southwest LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    partners include; Alpha Wind Energy Aps of Denmark and Havgul clean energy AS of Norway. Coordinates: 44.457965, -88.545764 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  4. Xeon Phi Users Group: Performance Tuning and Functional Debugging...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the HBM 3D Ocean Model Jacob Weismann Poulsen, DMI, Denmark 6:05 MAGMA MIC: HPC Linear Algebra for Intel Xeon Phi Piotr Luszczek, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 6:10...

  5. Energi E2 A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    company which owns and operates CHP-based power stations in Denmark, hydroelectric power plants in Sweden and Norway as well as wind assets in Sweden, Greece and Spain....

  6. Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    find new green avenues to growth. Green growth has to be at the core of a sustainable strategy to get us out of the economic crisis. To advance this global agenda, Denmark as well...

  7. WavePlane International AS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International AS Place: Gentofte, Denmark Zip: 2820 Product: Company working with a wave energy device called the 'WavePlane' Coordinates: 55.75069, 12.55007 Show Map Loading...

  8. IRD Fuel Cells A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IRD Fuel Cells A S Jump to: navigation, search Name: IRD Fuel Cells AS Place: Svendborg, Denmark Zip: DK-5700 Product: An Danish high technology company devoted to research,...

  9. 105(scaled land 215%)7-22-05

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cntrl African Rep. Chad Chile China Colombia Dem. Rep. Congo Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark ...

  10. ALSNews Vol. 365

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    his Ph.D. from Aarhus University in Denmark last year, was selected by the Aarhus University Research Foundation as one of five promising young scientists to receive its...

  11. Property:AwardeeHeadquarters | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) + Denmark + 2 220 kV SSSC device for power flow control (Smart...

  12. 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    .4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name 0.4 kV remote control Country Denmark Coordinates 56.26392, 9.501785 Loading map......

  13. Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Agent based control of power systems, ForskEL Country Denmark...

  14. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude...

  15. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Brazzaville) 24 8 13 20 12 15 1993-2015 Congo (Kinshasa) 1993-2013 Denmark 1997-2004 Egypt 17 1993-2015 Equatorial Guinea 1996-2014 Estonia 1999-1999 Gabon 4 18 1993-2015...

  16. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude Oil...

  17. Rockwool International A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Denmark Zip: DK-2640 Sector: Buildings Product: A producer of stone wool used for insulation to conserve energy in buildings. Coordinates: 55.649601, 12.19935 Show Map...

  18. The NuSTAR View of Nearby Compton-thick Active Galactic Nuclei...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept. ; Brandt, W.N. ; Pennsylvania U. Penn State U., University Park, IGC ; Brightman, M. ; Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE Denmark, Tech. U. ; Christensen, F.E. ; Craig, W.W. ...

  19. Global Green Energy ApS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ApS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Global Green Energy ApS Place: Aarhus C, Denmark Zip: DK- 8000 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm project developer. References: Global...

  20. Wind World | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind World Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: WindWorld was a turbine manufacturer that was purchased by NEG Micon in 1998. NEG Micon was then purchased by Vestas in 2003....

  1. European Environment Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    6 1050 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark Phone Number: (+45) 33 36 71 00 Website: www.eea.europa.eu Coordinates: 55.6811436, 12.5866457 Show Map Loading map......

  2. ChoosEV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Seus-Nve and Sixt. The company will focus on developing simple charging stands linked to the electric grid in Denmark. Coordinates: 55.67631, 12.569355 Show Map Loading...

  3. Secretary Moniz's Remarks at COP-21 on the Clean Energy Ministerial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    One is, for example, the Solar and Wind Working Group. It's led by Denmark, Germany and Spain. And in partnership with IRINA, the renewable energy organization, and DOE's National ...

  4. EERE Success Story-SunShot-funded Advanced Inverter Testing Enables...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... review velocity (blue) and turbulence (yellow) in a simulation of the Lillgrund Wind Farm in Denmark, in the Visualization Lab in the ESIF at the National Renewable Energy Lab. ...

  5. H2 Logic | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Logic Jump to: navigation, search Name: H2 Logic Place: Denmark Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen Product: H2 logic is involved in a range of activities including consultancy,research and...

  6. Biodiversity Monitoring Using NGS Approaches on Unusual Substrates (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilbert, Tom

    2013-03-01

    Tom Gilbert of the Natural History Museum of Denmark on "Biodiversity monitoring using NGS approaches on unusual substrates" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  7. Energy efficient industrialized housing research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, R.; Brown, G.Z.; Finrow, J.; Kellett, R.; Mc Donald, M.; McGinn, B.; Ryan, P.; Sekiguchi, T. . Center for Housing Innovation); Chandra, S.; Elshennawy, A.K.; Fairey, P.; Harrison, J.; Maxwell, L.; Roland, J.; Swart, W. )

    1989-01-01

    This is the second volume of a two volume report on energy efficient industrialized housing. Volume II contains support documentation for Volume I. The following items are included: individual trip reports; software bibliography; industry contacts in the US, Denmark, and Japan; Cost comparison of industrialized housing in the US and Denmark; draft of the final report on the systems analysis for Fleetwood Mobile Home Manufacturers. (SM)

  8. NREL: Wind Research - News Release Archives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 June 27, 2007 U.S., Danish laboratories to cooperate on wind energy research NREL and Denmark's Risø National Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), have signed an agreement to cooperate closely on improving wind energy technologies. June 25, 2007 Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facilities to be in Mass., Texas NREL will work with consortiums from Texas and Massachusetts to design, build and operate new facilities to test the next generation of giant wind turbine blades. March 9,

  9. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  10. European Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Partnerships and Projects European Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages through regional partnerships, as well as bilaterally with individual countries in the European region. In addition to the regional partnerships described below, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with countries in Europe, including Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Spain,

  11. Developing and Financing Tribal Energy Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Country Total Installed Capacity 2005 (MW) New Wind Installation 2007 (MW) Wind Capacity 2007 (MW) Percent of Total Denmark 13,366 3 3,125 23.4% Spain 66,910 3,522 15,145 22.6% ...

  12. U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Denmark 2 1 1 3 1 1 1997-2015 Dominican Republic 0 1 1 2 1 1 2009-2015 Egypt 10 4 31 4 2 1993-2015 El Salvador 0 1 2 1 2004-2013 Equatorial Guinea 58 23 41 17 4 6 1996-2015 Estonia ...

  13. U.S. Products Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Denmark 2 1 1 3 1 1 1995-2015 Dominican Republic 0 1 1 2 1 1 2009-2015 Egypt 3 0 0 0 1993-2015 El Salvador 0 1 2 1 2004-2013 Equatorial Guinea 8 4 0 0 1 1995-2015 Estonia 11 12 14 ...

  14. Policies to Promote Non-Hydro Renewable Energy in the United States and Selected Countries

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    This article examines policies designed to encourage the development of non-hydro renewable energy in four countries - Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Japan - and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that were used in the United States between 1970 and 2003.

  15. Analysis of Variability and Uncertainty in Wind Power Forecasting: An International Comparison (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J.; Hodge, B.; Miettinen, J.; Holttinen, H.; Gomez-Lozaro, E.; Cutululis, N.; Litong-Palima, M.; Sorensen, P.; Lovholm, A.; Berge, E.; Dobschinski, J.

    2013-10-01

    This presentation summarizes the work to investigate the uncertainty in wind forecasting at different times of year and compare wind forecast errors in different power systems using large-scale wind power prediction data from six countries: the United States, Finland, Spain, Denmark, Norway, and Germany.

  16. LinkoGas A m b a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LinkoGas A m b a Jump to: navigation, search Name: LinkoGas A.m.b.a Place: Lintrup, Denmark Zip: 6660 Product: LinkoGas A.m.b.a is an independent co-operative society set up by 60...

  17. Transmission Considerations for Market Operation: U.S. Design (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.

    2011-06-01

    Presented at the Utility Wind Integration Group (UWIG) Workshop on Market Design and Operation With Variable Renewables, 22 June 2011, Fredericia, Denmark. This presentation provides an overview of the present U.S. electricity market, how it operates, and some solutions for improving its operation, cost accounting, and integration of renewable power resources.

  18. Microsoft Word - MSI Participating Institutions Rev 1 FINAL.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Participating Minority Serving Institutions: Alabama A&M University Allen University Benedict College Central State University Cheyney University Claflin University Clark Atlanta University Denmark Technical College Education Advancement Alliance Fisk University Florida A&M University Florida Memorial University Fort Valley State University Hampton University Hispanic Consortium Howard University Lincoln University Maricopa Community Colleges Morehouse College Morgan State University

  19. Summary report of first and foreign high-level waste repository concepts; Technical report, working draft 001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanke, P.M.

    1987-11-04

    Reference repository concepts designs adopted by domestic and foreign waste disposal programs are reviewed. Designs fall into three basic categories: deep borehole from the surface; disposal in boreholes drilled from underground excavations; and disposal in horizontal tunnels or drifts. The repository concepts developed in Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Canada, France, Japan, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Denmark, West Germany and the United States are described. 140 refs., 315 figs., 19 tabs.

  20. FY11 Q4 SHPM Whitepaper DRAFT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Track Paper European Wind Energy Conference (EWEA) Annual Event April 16-19, 2012; Copenhagen, Denmark Prognostic Control to Enhance Offshore Wind Turbine Operations and Maintenance Strategies D. Todd Griffith dgriffi@sandia.gov Nathanael Yoder ATA Engineering, Inc. nyoder@ata-e.com Brian Resor brresor@sandia.gov Jonathan White jonwhit@sandia.gov Joshua Paquette japaque@sandia.gov Alistair Ogilvie aogilvi@sandia.gov Valerie Peters vapeter@sandia.gov Sandia National Laboratories Wind and Water

  1. SSRL HEADLINES July 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 - July 2014 View the Archives **Note for Outlook users: For easier reading, please click the bar at the top of this message that reads "This message was converted to plain text" and select "Display as HTML."** Science Highlights thumbnail Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction - Contacts: Dan Friebel (SUNCAT), Ifan Stephens and Ib Chorkendorff (Technical University of Denmark) Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs),

  2. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  3. Wind Energy Integration: Slides

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    information about integrating wind energy into the electricity grid. Wind Energy Integration Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 25907 Wind energy currently contributes significant power to energy portfolios around the world. *U.S. Department of Energy. (August 2015). 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report. Wind Energy Integration In 2014, Denmark led the way with wind power supplying roughly 39% of the country's electricity demand. Ireland, Portugal, and Spain provided more than 20% of their

  4. SREL Reprint #3197

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Marine Reptiles Arne Redsted Rasmussen1, John C. Murphy2, Medy Ompi3, J. Whitfield Gibbons4, Peter Uetz5 1School of Conservation, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark 2Division of Amphibians and Reptiles, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, USA 3Marine Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia 4Savannah River Ecology Lab, University of Georgia, Aiken, South Carolina, USA

  5. NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Emission (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Citation Details In-Document Search Title: NuSTAR Observations of the Bullet Cluster: Constraints on Inverse Compton Emission Authors: Wik, Daniel R. ; /NASA, Goddard /Johns Hopkins U. ; Hornstrup, A. ; /Denmark, Tech. U. ; Molendi, S. ; /IASF, Milan ; Madejski, G. ; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC ; Harrison, F. A. ;

  6. Global Pathways Analysis Tool (GPAT)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Global Pathways Analysis Tool (GPAT) (Sandia National Laboratories) Objectives Calculate least-cost pathways for hydrogen supply for eight participating countries: France, Germany, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Japan, and the United States (U.S. further divided into eight regions to allow for additional regional analysis; additional countries could be added as data becomes available). The objective is to match country level demands for hydrogen with lowest cost supply options for each country.

  7. Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electroreduction | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Mass-selected Nanoparticles of PtxY as Model Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction Thursday, July 31, 2014 A team of researchers from the Technical University of Denmark and the SUNCAT Institute at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University has demonstrated the superior performance of nanoparticles of platinum-yttrium (PtxY) as catalysts for oxygen electroreduction. Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Denmark, Tech. U./LLNL, Livermore" Name Name ORCID Search Authors Type: All Book/Monograph Conference/Event Journal Article Miscellaneous Patent Program Document Software Manual Technical Report Thesis/Dissertation Subject: Identifier Numbers: Site: All Alaska Power Administration, Juneau, Alaska (United States) Albany Research Center (ARC), Albany, OR (United States) Albuquerque Complex - NNSA Albuquerque Operations Office, Albuquerque, NM (United States) Amarillo National Resource Center

  9. International Advisory Committee for the WCI project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advisory Committee for the WCI project J.Aichelin (Subatech, Nantes, FRANCE) aichelin@subatech.in2p3.fr V.Baran (Bucharest, ROMANIA) baran@lns.infn.it G.Bertsch (University of Washington, USA)* bertsch@phys.washington.edu A.Bonasera (LNS, Catania, ITALY) bonasera@lns.infn.it J.Bondorf (NBI, Copenhagen, DENMARK) bondorf@nbi.dk M.Bruno (Bologna University, ITALY) Mauro.Bruno@bo.infn.it X.Campi (LPTMS, Orsay, FRANCE)* campi@ipno.in2p3.fr J.Cugnon (Université de Liège, BELGIQUE)*

  10. Competing charge, spin, and superconducting orders in underdoped

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    YBa[subscript 2]Cu[subscript 3]O[subscript y] (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect YBa[subscript 2]Cu[subscript 3]O[subscript y] Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Competing charge, spin, and superconducting orders in underdoped YBa[subscript 2]Cu[subscript 3]O[subscript y] Authors: Hucker, M. ; Christensen, N.B. ; Holmes, A.T. ; Blackburn, E. ; Forgan, E.M. ; Liang, Ruixing ; Bonn, D.A. ; Hardy, W.N. ; Gutowski, O. ; Zimmermann, M.v. ; Hayden, S.M. ; Chang, J. [1] ; Denmark) [2] ;

  11. Aquifer thermal energy (heat and chill) storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenne, E.A.

    1992-11-01

    As part of the 1992 Intersociety Conversion Engineering Conference, held in San Diego, California, August 3--7, 1992, the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program coordinated five sessions dealing specifically with aquifer thermal energy storage technologies (ATES). Researchers from Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Canada, and the United States presented papers on a variety of ATES related topics. With special permission from the Society of Automotive Engineers, host society for the 1992 IECEC, these papers are being republished here as a standalone summary of ATES technology status. Individual papers are indexed separately.

  12. Indoor Chemical Exposures: Humans' Non-respiratory Interactions with Room Air

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Charles Weschler

    2010-09-01

    March 18, 2010 Berkeley Lab Environmental Energy Technology Division distinguished lecture: The marked difference in pollutant concentrations between an occupied and un-occupied room are only partially explained by human bio-effluents. Humans alter levels of ozone and related oxidants such as nitrate and hydroxyl radicals in the rooms they inhabit; in effect, they change the oxidative capacity of room air. Ozone-initiated reactions on exposed skin, hair and clothing generate products, including potentially irritating chemicals whose concentrations are much higher in the occupant's breathing zone than in the core of the room. Charles J. Weschler is a Professor at the School of Public Health, the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine and the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School & Rutgers University (New Jersey). He is also a Visiting Professor at the International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark (DTU, Lyngby, Denmark).

  13. Table 7.5 Coal Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Short Tons)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coal Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Short Tons) Year Canada Brazil Europe Japan Other 3 Total Belgium 1 Denmark France Germany 2 Italy Nether- lands Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other 3 Total 1960 12,843 1,067 1,116 130 794 4,566 4,899 2,837 331 NA – 2,440 17,113 5,617 1,341 37,981 1961 12,135 994 971 80 708 4,326 4,797 2,552 228 NA – 2,026 15,688 6,614 974 36,405 1962 12,302 1,327 1,289 38 851 5,056 5,978 3,320 766 NA 2 1,848 19,148 6,465 973 40,215 1963 14,557 1,161

  14. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.

  15. Transitions to alternative energy systems - entrepreneurs, new technologies, and social change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baumgartner, T.; Burns, T.R.

    1984-01-01

    This book offers a comparative analysis of seven case studies that provide insight into the factors that have facilitated or blocked the emergence of alternative energy production and use systems. The authors suggest that the actors (public or private, individual or collective) who provide information and know-how are extremely important in determining the speed with which a new energy technology is adopted. They stress the importance of incorporating legal, organizational, institutional, and social factors with economic and technical considerations in planning and managing the energy transition process. The case studies analysed are: solar branch development in Israel; solar water heating in California; wind energy in Denmark; heat pump use in the Federal Republic of Germany; geothermal electricity in California; wood for industrial energy in northern New England; peat for energy in Finland.

  16. FLOWSHEET EVALUATION FOR THE DISSOLVING AND NEUTRALIZATION OF SODIUM REACTOR EXPERIMENT USED NUCLEAR FUEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, W. E.; Hansen, E. K.; Shehee, T. C.

    2012-10-30

    This report includes the literature review, hydrogen off-gas calculations, and hydrogen generation tests to determine that H-Canyon can safely dissolve the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE; thorium fuel), Ford Nuclear Reactor (FNR; aluminum alloy fuel), and Denmark Reactor (DR-3; silicide fuel, aluminum alloy fuel, and aluminum oxide fuel) assemblies in the L-Bundles with respect to the hydrogen levels in the projected peak off-gas rates. This is provided that the number of L-Bundles charged to the dissolver is controlled. Examination of SRE dissolution for potential issues has aided in predicting the optimal batching scenario. The calculations detailed in this report demonstrate that the FNR, SRE, and DR-3 used nuclear fuel (UNF) are bounded by MURR UNF and may be charged using the controls outlined for MURR dissolution in a prior report.

  17. NREL Case Study Leads to International Partnership (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01

    In 2012, NREL analysts produced a case study, "Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience," which drew upon dozens of interviews with international experts involved in crafting effective policies and markets. The report proposed a cross-cutting initiative to transform the world's power systems by implementing two complementary strategies: the large‐scale deployment of renewable energy, and a combination of comprehensive energy efficiency and smarter grids. This recommendation led to the launch of the 21st Century Power Partnership in April 2012, and its membership has since grown to include Denmark, Finland, Germany, India, Mexico, Spain, and the United States. NREL, together with its affiliated Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis, are the operating agents.

  18. Visio-LHCONE VRF 2012-04-30.vsd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NORDUnet, Copenhagen, Denmark NDGF T1: 109.105.124.0/22 NDGF AS39590 NDGF T1 NORDUNet MX480 NDGF AS39590 NDGF T1 NORDUNet MX480 VRF P2P VRF P2P Amsterdam, Netherlands GEANT LHCONE VRF xxxx ???, 1G V111 10/10G Milan T1600 Paris T1600 Madrid T640 Frankfurt T1600 xxxx DESY Hamb. GSI Darm. KIT Karl. RWTH Aach. xxxx DFN (Germany) DE-KIT, AS 34878: 192.108.45.0/24 192.108.46.0/23 xxxx LHC T1/2/3: xxxx GARR (Italy) CNAF-T1:131.154.128.0/17 INFN Napoli T2: 90.147.67.0/24 V111 10Gbps PIC 6500 V111 1G

  19. Genomic variation Salmonella enterica core genes for epidemiological typing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Hendriksen, Rene S; Le Hello, Simon; Weill, Fancois-Xavier; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Jun, Se Ran; Ussery, David W; Lund, Ole; Crook, Derrick W; Wilson, Daniel J; Aarestrup, Frank M

    2012-01-01

    It has been 30 years since the initial emergence and subsequent rapid global spread of multidrug-resistant S. Typhimurium DT104. Nonetheless, its origin and transmission route have never been revealed. We used whole genome sequence (WGS) and temporally structured sequence analysis within a Bayesian framework to reconstruct temporal and spatial phylogenetic trees and estimate the rate of mutation and divergence time of 315 S. Typhimurium DT104 isolates sampled from 1969 to 2012 from 21 countries on six continents. DT104 was estimated to have emerged initially as antimicrobial-susceptible strains in ~1946 (95% credible interval 1931 - 1959) and later became multidrug-resistant (MDR) DT104 in ~1974 (95% CI 1966 1981) through horizontal transfer of the 13-kb SGI1 MDR region into already SGI1-containing susceptible strains. This was followed by multiple transmission events initially from Central Europe and later between European countries. An independent transmission occurred to the United States and another to Japan and from here to Taiwan and Canada. An independent acquisition of resistance genes took place in Thailand in ~1986 (95% CI 1975 1990). Locally in Denmark, WGS was capable of confirming local epidemiology for transmission between animal herds. Interestingly, the demographic history of Danish MDR DT104 provided evidence for the accomplishment of an eradication program across pig herds in Denmark from 1996 to 2000. The results from this study refuse several hypotheses on the evolution of DT104 and would suggest WGS may be useful in monitoring emerging clones and making strategies for prevention

  20. Genomic variation Salmonella enterica core genes for epidemiological typing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Leekitcharoenphon, Pimlapas; Hendriksen, Rene S; Le Hello, Simon; Weill, Fancois-Xavier; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Jun, Se Ran; Ussery, David W; Lund, Ole; Crook, Derrick W; Wilson, Daniel J; et al

    2012-01-01

    It has been 30 years since the initial emergence and subsequent rapid global spread of multidrug-resistant S. Typhimurium DT104. Nonetheless, its origin and transmission route have never been revealed. We used whole genome sequence (WGS) and temporally structured sequence analysis within a Bayesian framework to reconstruct temporal and spatial phylogenetic trees and estimate the rate of mutation and divergence time of 315 S. Typhimurium DT104 isolates sampled from 1969 to 2012 from 21 countries on six continents. DT104 was estimated to have emerged initially as antimicrobial-susceptible strains in ~1946 (95% credible interval 1931 - 1959) and later became multidrug-resistant (MDR)more » DT104 in ~1974 (95% CI 1966 1981) through horizontal transfer of the 13-kb SGI1 MDR region into already SGI1-containing susceptible strains. This was followed by multiple transmission events initially from Central Europe and later between European countries. An independent transmission occurred to the United States and another to Japan and from here to Taiwan and Canada. An independent acquisition of resistance genes took place in Thailand in ~1986 (95% CI 1975 1990). Locally in Denmark, WGS was capable of confirming local epidemiology for transmission between animal herds. Interestingly, the demographic history of Danish MDR DT104 provided evidence for the accomplishment of an eradication program across pig herds in Denmark from 1996 to 2000. The results from this study refuse several hypotheses on the evolution of DT104 and would suggest WGS may be useful in monitoring emerging clones and making strategies for prevention« less

  1. Can industry`s `fourth` fossil fuel establish presence in US?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armor, A.F.; Dene, C.E.

    1996-09-01

    After five years of commercial experience burning Orimulsion overseas, US utilities are now evaluating the new fuel as a serious alternative to oil. In their relentless drive to remain competitive, electric utilities with oil-fired generating units are searching for lower cost fuel alternatives. Because of high fuel prices, oil-fired units have low capacity factors. Only 23 out of 142 oil-capable units in the US had capacity factors greater than 50% in 1993; the average was a mere 24%. Utility consumption of fuel oil slid from over 600,000 barrels (bbl)/day in 1989 to less than 200,000 bbl/day last year. Orimulsion now fuels nearly 3,000 MW/yr worldwide. The UK`s PowerGen Ltd, currently the world`s largest consumer of Orimulsion, fires some 10-million bbl/yr at two 500-MW units at its Ince plant and three 120-MW units at its Richborough plant. Both plants formerly burned fuel oil, and have been using Orimulsion since 1991. Canada`s New Brunswick Power Corp has fired Orimulsion in two units at its Dalhousie plant since 1994 (Power, April 1995, p 27); one 105-MW unit was originally designed for fuel oil, the other 212-MW unit was designed for coal. Last year, Denmark`s SK Power converted its coal-fired, 700-MW Asnaes Unit 5 to Orimulsion firing. And in the US, Florida Power and Light Co. (FP and L) has signed a 20-yr fuel supply contract with Bitor America Corp (Boca Raton, Fla.), for two 800-MW units at the oil-fired Manatee plant, contingent on securing necessary permits. The Manatee installation (Power, September 1994, p 57) would be the first in the US to burn the fuel. Today, five years after Orimulsion begun to be used commercially, many of the lingering questions involving the new fuel`s handling, transportation, combustion, emissions control, spill control, and waste utilization have been settled. Several US utilities have expressed serious interest in the fuel as an alternative to oil.

  2. Outlook for renewable energy technologies: Assessment of international programs and policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branstetter, L.J.; Vidal, R.C.; Bruch, V.L.; Zurn, R.

    1995-02-01

    The report presents an evaluation of worldwide research efforts in three specific renewable energy technologies, with a view towards future United States (US) energy security, environmental factors, and industrial competitiveness. The overall energy technology priorities of foreign governments and industry leaders, as well as the motivating factors for these priorities, are identified and evaluated from both technological and policy perspectives. The specific technologies of interest are wind, solar thermal, and solar photovoltaics (PV). These program areas, as well as the overall energy policies of Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom (UK), Japan, Russia, and the European Community as a whole are described. The present and likely future picture for worldwide technological leadership in these technologies-is portrayed. The report is meant to help in forecasting challenges to US preeminence in the various technology areas, particularly over the next ten years, and to help guide US policy-makers as they try to identify specific actions which would help to retain and/or expand the US leadership position.

  3. An assessment of leadership in geothermal energy technology research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruch, V.L.

    1994-03-01

    Geothermal energy is one of the more promising renewable energy technologies because it is environmentally benign and, unlike most renewable energy sources, can provide base power. This report provides an assessment of the research and development (R&D) work underway in geothermal energy in the following countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United Kingdom. While the R&D work underway in the US exceeds the R&D efforts of the other countries, the lead is eroding. This erosion is due to reductions in federal government funding for geothermal energy R&D and the decline of the US petroleum industry. This erosion of R&D leadership is hindering commercialization of US geothermal energy products and services. In comparison, the study countries are promoting the commercialization of their geothermal energy products and services. As a result, some of these countries, in particular Japan, will probably have the largest share of the global market for geothermal energy products and services; these products and services being targeted toward the developing countries (the largest market for geothermal energy).

  4. An assessment of research and development leadership in advanced batteries for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruch, V.L.

    1994-02-01

    Due to the recently enacted California regulations requiring zero emission vehicles be sold in the market place by 1998, electric vehicle research and development (R&D) is accelerating. Much of the R&D work is focusing on the Achilles` heel of electric vehicles -- advanced batteries. This report provides an assessment of the R&D work currently underway in advanced batteries and electric vehicles in the following countries: Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Although the US can be considered one of the leading countries in terms of advanced battery and electric vehicle R&D work, it lags other countries, particularly France, in producing and promoting electric vehicles. The US is focusing strictly on regulations to promote electric vehicle usage while other countries are using a wide variety of policy instruments (regulations, educational outreach programs, tax breaks and subsidies) to encourage the use of electric vehicles. The US should consider implementing additional policy instruments to ensure a domestic market exists for electric vehicles. The domestic is the largest and most important market for the US auto industry.

  5. Analysis of international efforts in energy research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rezaiyan, A.J.; Gill, R.T.

    1995-09-01

    Research and experimental development comprise innovative and creative work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge of science, engineering, and society. This knowledge reserve is used to improve living conditions and standards, including economic growth. Research and development (R&D) expenditures are useful measures of the scale and direction of technological innovation within a country, industry, or scientific field. Administrators concerned with economic growth and performance rely on R&D statistics as one possible type of indicator of technological change. R&D statistics are an essential tool in many government programs and evaluations (OECD 1993). The objective of the analysis was to identify and evaluate R&D funding sources, levels, and trends in the energy sectors of selected industrialized countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States) and the European Union (EU). Fossil fuel technologies, particularly fuel cells and advanced gas turbines, were the focus of the analysis, whose results are presented in this report.

  6. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, Thomas; Paraskevis, D; Pybus, O; Magiorkinis, G; Hatzakis, A

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  7. Proceedings of the Chornobyl phytoremediation and biomass energy conversion workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, J.; Tokarevsky, V.

    1998-06-01

    Many concepts, systems, technical approaches, technologies, ideas, agreements, and disagreements were vigorously discussed during the course of the 2-day workshop. The workshop was successful in generating intensive discussions on the merits of the proposed concept that includes removal of radionuclides by plants and trees (phytoremediation) to clean up soil in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), use of the resultant biomass (plants and trees) to generate electrical power, and incorporation of ash in concrete casks to be used as storage containers in a licensed repository for low-level waste. Twelve years after the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 accident, which occurred on April 26, 1986, the primary 4radioactive contamination of concern is from radioactive cesium ({sup 137}Cs) and strontium ({sup 90}Sr). The {sup 137}Cs and {sup 90}Sr were widely distributed throughout the CEZ. The attendees from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Denmark and the US provided information, discussed and debated the following issues considerably: distribution and characteristics of radionuclides in CEZ; efficacy of using trees and plants to extract radioactive cesium (Cs) and strontium (Sr) from contaminated soil; selection of energy conversion systems and technologies; necessary infrastructure for biomass harvesting, handling, transportation, and energy conversion; radioactive ash and emission management; occupational health and safety concerns for the personnel involved in this work; and economics. The attendees concluded that the overall concept has technical and possibly economic merits. However, many issues (technical, economic, risk) remain to be resolved before a viable commercial-scale implementation could take place.

  8. Biomass power for rural development. Quarterly report, January 1, 1997--April 1, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, J.T.

    1997-05-01

    The following information summarizes the major areas of project activities accomplished during the last quarter. Activities addressing conversion technology have been geared towards gathering information and drawing comparisons to specific project need. Of major benefit was the trip taken to Denmark by Project Manager, Edward Woolsey. The first section of this report provides an overview of his experiences and findings. As a follow up to this trip, representatives from Iowa State University and from IES Utilities will also visit some of these facilities. Their information will be included in the next report. At the supply development level, the RC&D has been working to identify and organize producers of swithgrass. A major accomplishment has been the formation of the Prairie Lands Bio-Products group. This association will explore different business structures that energy crop producers can use to supply biomass and to effectively market their materials to the energy industry. Thus, the group will begin to interact with IES in the next few months to determine how the supplier and the utility must interact to establish a working relationship and to efficiently provide biomass as a boiler fuel. Other major areas of focus for the group will be the development and implementation of risk management strategies to overcome income loss and allow acreage increases during market development. These strategies include the development of niche markets for swithgrass, the use of CRP lands, and outside sources of cost share for establishment.

  9. Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the Gaia-Wind 11 kW Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2010-09-01

    This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, five turbines are being tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NRELs) National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing will provide the manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a Gaia-Wind 11 kW wind turbine mounted on an 18 m monopole tower. Gaia-Wind Ltd. manufactured the turbine in Denmark, although the company is based in Scotland. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Gaia-Wind.

  10. A historical perspective of Global Warming Potential from Municipal Solid Waste Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habib, Komal; Schmidt, Jannick H.; Christensen, Per

    2013-09-15

    Highlights: • Five scenarios are compared based on different waste management systems from 1970 to 2010. • Technology development for incineration and vehicular exhaust system throughout the time period is considered. • Compared scenarios show continuous improvement regarding environmental performance of waste management system. • Energy and material recovery from waste account for significant savings of Global Warming Potential (GWP) today. • Technology development for incineration has played key role in lowering the GWP during past five decades. - Abstract: The Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) sector has developed considerably during the past century, paving the way for maximum resource (materials and energy) recovery and minimising environmental impacts such as global warming associated with it. The current study is assessing the historical development of MSWM in the municipality of Aalborg, Denmark throughout the period of 1970 to 2010, and its implications regarding Global Warming Potential (GWP{sub 100}), using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach. Historical data regarding MSW composition, and different treatment technologies such as incineration, recycling and composting has been used in order to perform the analysis. The LCA results show a continuous improvement in environmental performance of MSWM from 1970 to 2010 mainly due to the changes in treatment options, improved efficiency of various treatment technologies and increasing focus on recycling, resulting in a shift from net emission of 618 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. tonne{sup −1} to net saving of 670 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. tonne{sup −1} of MSWM.

  11. IEA Wind Task 26 - Multi-national Case Study of the Financial Cost of Wind Energy; Work Package 1 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwabe, P.; Lensink, S.; Hand, M.

    2011-03-01

    The lifetime cost of wind energy is comprised of a number of components including the investment cost, operation and maintenance costs, financing costs, and annual energy production. Accurate representation of these cost streams is critical in estimating a wind plant's cost of energy. Some of these cost streams will vary over the life of a given project. From the outset of project development, investors in wind energy have relatively certain knowledge of the plant's lifetime cost of wind energy. This is because a wind energy project's installed costs and mean wind speed are known early on, and wind generation generally has low variable operation and maintenance costs, zero fuel cost, and no carbon emissions cost. Despite these inherent characteristics, there are wide variations in the cost of wind energy internationally, which is the focus of this report. Using a multinational case-study approach, this work seeks to understand the sources of wind energy cost differences among seven countries under International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind Task 26 - Cost of Wind Energy. The participating countries in this study include Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Due to data availability, onshore wind energy is the primary focus of this study, though a small sample of reported offshore cost data is also included.

  12. 1982 worldwide pipeline construction will top 21,900 miles, $9. 5 billion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, D.

    1982-07-01

    Reports that pipeline construction slowed slightly in 1982 because of lowered economic activity worldwide, with an upturn forecast for 1983. Explains that need for new pipelines to transport increasing amounts of oil and gas energy now being discovered, plus use of pipelines to transport other commodities in increasing amounts, has created a backlog of demand for facilities. Indicates that commodities suited for pipeline transport and getting consideration include crude oil; refined products; natural gas liquids; LPG; coal slurries; carbon dioxide (used for enhanced oil recovery); chemicals such as ammonia, ethane, ethylene, and similar petrochemical feedstocks; industrial gases such as oxygen, nitrogen; and solids slurries such as ores, wood chips, and other non-soluble minerals, even items such as wood chips and wood pulp for paper-making. Reveals that there are 10,396 miles of coal slurry pipeline planned for the US and 500 miles in Canada. Major US projects underway in the gas pipeline field include the 797-mile, 36-in. Trailblazer system in Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah. Products/ LPG/NGL pipelines underway include 105 miles of dual 4 and 6-in. line in Kansas. Crude pipeline activity includes 100 miles of 12-in. in California and 80 miles of 4 thru 40-in. in Alaska on the North Slope. Updates plans in Canada, Scotland, Denmark, Ireland, France, the Middle East, Australia, Southeast Asia, Mexico, South America and the USSR.

  13. Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conferences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeau, Joseph H.

    2013-11-25

    The 6th Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conference was held at the Minoa Palace Conference Center, Chania, Crete, Greece (16-21 June 2008). The Organizing Committee was composed of Joe Nadeau (CWRU, Cleveland), Rudi Balling (German Research Centre, Brauschweig), David Galas (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Lee Hood (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Diane Isonaka (Seattle), Fotis Kafatos (Imperial College, London), John Lambris (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia),Harris Lewin (Univ. of Indiana, Urbana-Champaign), Edison Liu (Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore), and Shankar Subramaniam (Univ. California, San Diego). A total of 101 individuals from 21 countries participated in the conference: USA (48), Canada (5), France (5), Austria (4), Germany (3), Italy (3), UK (3), Greece (2), New Zealand (2), Singapore (2), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Netherlands (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1). With respect to speakers, 29 were established faculty members and 13 were graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. With respect to gender representation, among speakers, 13 were female and 28 were male, and among all participants 43 were female and 58 were male. Program these included the following topics: Cancer Pathways and Networks (Day 1), Metabolic Disease Networks (Day 2), Day 3 ? Organs, Pathways and Stem Cells (Day 3), and Day 4 ? Inflammation, Immunity, Microbes and the Environment (Day 4). Proceedings of the Conference were not published.

  14. Expected international demand for woody and herbaceous feedstock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamers, Patrick; Jacobson, Jacob; Mohammad, Roni; Wright, Christopher

    2015-03-01

    The development of a U.S. bioenergy market and ultimately ‘bioeconomy’ has primarily been investigated with a national focus. Limited attention has been given to the potential impacts of international market developments. The goal of this project is to advance the current State of Technology of a single biorefinery to the global level providing quantitative estimates on how international markets may influence the domestic feedstock supply costs. The scope of the project is limited to feedstock that is currently available and new crops being developed to be used in a future U.S. bioeconomy including herbaceous residues (e.g., corn stover), woody biomass (e.g., pulpwood), and energy crops (e.g., switchgrass). The timeframe is set to the periods of 2022, 2030, and 2040 to align with current policy targets (e.g., the RFS2) and future updates of the Billion Ton data. This particular milestone delivers demand volumes for generic woody and herbaceous feedstocks for the main (net) importing regions along the above timeframes. The regional focus of the study is the European Union (EU), currently the largest demand region for U.S. pellets made from pulpwood and forest residues. The pellets are predominantly used in large-scale power plants (>5MWel) in the United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands (NL), Belgium (BE), and Denmark (DK).

  15. Markets to Facilitate Wind and Solar Energy Integration in the Bulk Power Supply: An IEA Task 25 Collaboration; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Holttinen, H.; Soder, L.; Clark, C.; Pineda, I.

    2012-09-01

    Wind and solar power will give rise to challenges in electricity markets regarding flexibility, capacity adequacy, and the participation of wind and solar generators to markets. Large amounts of wind power will have impacts on bulk power system markets and electricity prices. If the markets respond to increased wind power by increasing investments in low-capital, high-cost or marginal-cost power, the average price may remain in the same range. However, experiences so far from Denmark, Germany, Spain, and Ireland are such that the average market prices have decreased because of wind power. This reduction may result in additional revenue insufficiency, which may be corrected with a capacity market, yet capacity markets are difficult to design. However, the flexibility attributes of the capacity also need to be considered. Markets facilitating wind and solar integration will include possibilities for trading close to delivery (either by shorter gate closure times or intraday markets). Time steps chosen for markets can enable more flexibility to be assessed. Experience from 5- and 10-minute markets has been encouraging.

  16. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

    2012-04-01

    Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This study documents the diverse approaches to effective integration of variable renewable energy among six countries -- Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Western region-Colorado and Texas)-- and summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. Each country has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. The ability to maintain a broad ecosystem perspective, to organize and make available the wealth of experiences, and to ensure a clear path from analysis to enactment should be the primary focus going forward.

  17. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  18. Evaluation of High Throughput Screening Methods in Picking up Differences between Cultivars of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Ethanol Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindedam, Jane; Bruun, Sander; Jorgensen, Henning; Decker, Stephen R.; Turner, Geoffrey B.; DeMartini, Jaclyn D.; Wyman, Charles E.; Felby, Claus

    2014-07-01

    Here, we present a unique evaluation of three advanced high throughput pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis systems (HTPH-systems) for screening of lignocellulosic biomass for enzymatic saccharification. Straw from 20 cultivars of winter wheat from two sites in Denmark was hydrothermally pretreated and enzymatically processed in each of the separately engineered HTPH-systems at 1) University of California, Riverside, 2) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Colorado, and 3) University of Copenhagen (CPH). All three systems were able to detect significant differences between the cultivars in the release of fermentable sugars, with average cellulose conversions of 57%, 64%, and 71% from Riverside, NREL and CPH, respectively. We found the best correlation of glucose yields between the Riverside and NREL systems (R2 = 0.2139), and the best correlation for xylose yields was found between Riverside and CPH (R2 = 0.4269). The three systems identified Flair as the highest yielding cultivar and Dinosor, Glasgow, and Robigus as low yielding cultivars. Despite different conditions in the three HTPH-systems, the approach of microscale screening for phenotypically less recalcitrant feedstock seems sufficiently robust to be used as a generic analytical platform.

  19. Community wind power ownership schemes in Europe and their relevance to the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark

    2001-05-15

    With varying success, the United States and Europe have followed a more or less parallel path of policies to support wind development over the past twenty years. Feed-in laws and tax incentives first popularized in California in the early 1980s and greatly expanded upon in Europe during the 1990s are gradually giving way to market-based support mechanisms such as renewable portfolio standards, which are being implemented in one form or another in ten US states and at least three European nations. At the same time, electricity markets are being liberalized in both the US and Europe, and many electricity consumers are being given the choice to support the development of renewable energy through higher tariffs, both in traditionally regulated and newly competitive markets. One notable area in which wind development in Europe and United States has not evolved in common, however, is with respect to the level of community ownership of wind turbines or clusters. While community ownership of wind projects is unheard of in the United States, in Europe, local wind cooperatives or other participatory business schemes have been responsible for a large share of total wind development. In Denmark, for example, approximately 80% of all wind turbines are either individually or cooperatively owned, and a similar pattern holds in Germany, the world leader in installed wind capacity. Sweden also has a strong wind cooperative base, and the UK has recently made forays into community wind ownership. Why is it that wind development has evolved this way in Europe, but not in the United States? What incremental effect have community-owned wind schemes had on European wind development? Have community-owned wind schemes driven development in Europe, or are they merely a vehicle through which the fundamental driving institutions have been channeled? Is there value to having community wind ownership in the US? Is there reason to believe that such schemes would succeed in the US? If so, which model seems most appropriate, and what barriers--legal, regulatory, tax, market, or investment--stand in the way of implementing such a scheme? These are the questions this report seeks to address. The report begins with a discussion of the relative advantages and disadvantages of community wind ownership, as opposed to the large commercially-owned projects that have so far dominated US wind development. Next, four detailed case studies relate community-owned wind experience in Denmark, Sweden, the UK, Germany, focusing primarily on the different participatory models employed in each country. The report then categorizes the various models into three main groupings--community-led, developer-led, and investment funds--and draws general conclusions about the success of each category in Europe, and the conditions that dictate the effective use of one approach over another. Finally, the focus shifts to the US, where the report discusses the domestic barriers facing each model category, and identifies the category offering the most value with the fewest barriers to implementation. The report concludes with a high-level introduction to potential applications for community wind ownership within the United States.

  20. Evaluation of Efficiency Activities in the Industrial Sector Undertaken in Response to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Lu, Hongyou; Horvath, Arpad

    2010-05-21

    The 2006 California Global Warming Solutions Act calls for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Meeting this target will require action from all sectors of the California economy, including industry. The industrial sector consumes 25% of the energy used and emits 28% of the carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) produced in the state. Many countries around the world have national-level GHG reduction or energy-efficiency targets, and comprehensive programs focused on implementation of energy efficiency and GHG emissions mitigation measures in the industrial sector are essential for achieving their goals. A combination of targets and industry-focused supporting programs has led to significant investments in energy efficiency as well as reductions in GHG emissions within the industrial sectors in these countries. This project has identified program and policies that have effectively targeted the industrial sector in other countries to achieve real energy and CO{sub 2} savings. Programs in Ireland, France, The Netherlands, Denmark, and the UK were chosen for detailed review. Based on the international experience documented in this report, it is recommended that companies in California's industrial sector be engaged in a program to provide them with support to meet the requirements of AB32, The Global Warming Solution Act. As shown in this review, structured programs that engage industry, require members to evaluate their potential efficiency measures, plan how to meet efficiency or emissions reduction goals, and provide support in achieving the goals, can be quite effective at assisting companies to achieve energy efficiency levels beyond those that can be expected to be achieved autonomously.

  1. The paradox of strategic environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bidstrup, Morten Hansen, Anne Merrild

    2014-07-01

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a tool that can facilitate sustainable development and improve decision-making by introducing environmental concern early in planning processes. However, various international studies conclude that current planning practice is not taking full advantage of the tool, and we therefore define the paradox of SEA as the methodological ambiguity of non-strategic SEA. This article explores causality through at three-step case study on aggregates extraction planning in Denmark, which consists of a document analysis; a questionnaire survey and follow-up communication with key planners. Though the environmental reports on one hand largely lack strategic considerations, practitioners express an inherent will for strategy and reveal that their SEAs in fact have been an integrated part of the planning process. Institutional context is found to be the most significant barrier for a strategy and this suggests that non-strategic planning setups can prove more important than non-strategic planning in SEA practice. Planners may try to execute strategy within the confinements of SEA-restricted planning contexts; however, such efforts can be overlooked if evaluated by a narrow criterion for strategy formation. Consequently, the paradox may also spark from challenged documentation. These findings contribute to the common understanding of SEA quality; however, further research is needed on how to communicate and influence the strategic options which arguably remain inside non-strategic planning realities. - Highlights: International studies conclude that SEAs are not strategic. = The paradox of SEA. Even on the highest managerial level, some contexts do not leave room for strategy. Non-strategic SEA can derive from challenged documentation. Descriptive and emergent strategy formation can, in practice, be deemed non-strategic.

  2. Long-term affected energy production of waste to energy technologies identified by use of energy system analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenster, M.; Meibom, P.

    2010-12-15

    Affected energy production is often decisive for the outcome of consequential life-cycle assessments when comparing the potential environmental impact of products or services. Affected energy production is however difficult to determine. In this article the future long-term affected energy production is identified by use of energy system analysis. The focus is on different uses of waste for energy production. The Waste-to-Energy technologies analysed include co-combustion of coal and waste, anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification. The analysis is based on optimization of both investments and production of electricity, district heating and bio-fuel in a future possible energy system in 2025 in the countries of the Northern European electricity market (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Germany). Scenarios with different CO{sub 2} quota costs are analysed. It is demonstrated that the waste incineration continues to treat the largest amount of waste. Investments in new waste incineration capacity may, however, be superseded by investments in new Waste-to-Energy technologies, particularly those utilising sorted fractions such as organic waste and refuse derived fuel. The changed use of waste proves to always affect a combination of technologies. What is affected varies among the different Waste-to-Energy technologies and is furthermore dependent on the CO{sub 2} quota costs and on the geographical scope. The necessity for investments in flexibility measures varies with the different technologies such as storage of heat and waste as well as expansion of district heating networks. Finally, inflexible technologies such as nuclear power plants are shown to be affected.

  3. Experience with FLS-GSA dry scrubbing technology for waste-to-energy applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, P.B.; Stuard, C.; Hsu, F.E.

    1998-07-01

    The paper describes the gas suspension absorber (GSA) dry scrubbing technology developed by FLS miljo a/s, Denmark. The GSA is a new generation of semi-dry technology utilizing a circulating fast fluidized bed as absorber for acid gases (SO{sub 2}, HCI, HF) dioxins and heavy metals. The authors give a detailed description of the GSA which differs from conventional spray-dryer absorber systems in that it provides an extreme high dust concentration in the absorber. The high specific surface area of the dust combined with the quenching action of the atomized lime slurry provides excellent conditions for heat and mass transfer as well as secondary nucleation sites for the condensation/adsorption of dioxins and heavy metals. Attention is focused on the GSA as a retrofit technology for waste-to-energy plants. As retrofit the GSA is advantageous due to the compact design, small footprint and the ability to use the existing electrostatic precipitator (ESP) for particulate control. The grain loading leaving the GSA system and entering the ESP, is controlled by the efficiency of the GSA cyclone, and for this reasons the grain loading entering the ESP is less than or equal to the grain loading leaving the incinerator. The retrofit with a GSA system will furthermore reduce the actual flue gas volume to the ESP, which means an increased specific collection area. In addition the increased moisture content in the flue gas improves the collection efficiency. The authors compare this retrofit option to conventional spray-dryer absorption technology. They describe the operating experience with the GSA technology for waste-to-energy plants. Operating experience and performance test results for acid gases, dioxins and heavy metals, especially mercury, from several European waste-to-energy are reported.

  4. Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

    2007-06-01

    Industrial motor-driven systems use more than 2194 billionkWh annually on a global basis and offer one of the largest opportunitiesfor energy savings.1 The International Energy Agency estimates thatoptimization of motor driven systems could reduce global electricitydemand by 7 percent through the application of commercially availabletechnologies and using well-tested engineering practices. Yet manyindustrial firms remain either unaware of or unable to achieve theseenergy savings. The same factors that make it so challenging to achieveand sustain energy efficiency in motor-driven systems (complexity,frequent changes) apply to the production processes that they support.Yet production processes typically operate within a narrow band ofacceptable performance. These processes are frequently incorporated intoISO 9000/14000 quality and environmental management systems, whichrequire regular, independent audits to maintain ISO certification, anattractive value for international trade. It is our contention that acritical step in achieving and sustaining energy efficiency ofmotor-driven systems specifically, and industrial energy efficiencygenerally, is the adoption of a corporate energy management standard thatis consistent with current industrial quality and environmentalmanagement systems such as ISO. Several energy management standardscurrently exist (US, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden) and specifications(Germany, Netherlands) others are planned (China, Spain, Brazil, Korea).This paper presents the current status of energy management standardsdevelopment internationally, including an analysis of their sharedfeatures and differences, in terms of content, promulgation, andimplementation. The purpose of the analysis is to describe the currentstate of "best practices" for this emerging area of energy efficiencypolicymaking and tosuggest next steps toward the creation of a trulyinternational energy management standard that is consistent with the ISOprinciples of measurement, documentation, and continuousimprovement.

  5. AIJ in the Non-Energy Sector in India: Opportunities and Concerns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravindranath, N.H.; Meili, A.; Anita, R.

    1998-11-01

    Although the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) has been signed and ratified by 168 countries, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have increased substantially since the 1992 Rio Summit. In both developing countries (DCs) and industrialized countries (ICs), there has been a need to find mechanisms to facilitate environmentally sound mitigation strategies. This need led to the formation of Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) at the first Conference-of the Parties (COP) in 1995. In Article 4A, para 2D, the COP established an AIJ pilot phase in which Annex I (IC) countries would enter into agreements to implement activities jointly with non-Annex I parties. DCs would engage in AIJ on a purely voluntary basis and all AIJ projects should be compatible with and supportive of national environment and development goals. AIJ does not imply GHG reduction commitments by DCs. Neither do all projects undertaken during the pilot phase qualify as a fulfillment of current commitment s of Annex I parties under the COP. The current pilot phase for AIJ ends in the year 2000, a date which may be extended. Current AIJ activities are largely focused on the energy sector. The Nordic countries, for example, feel that the most important potential areas for cooperation in AIJ are fuel conversion, more effective energy production, increased energy efficiency, and reforms in energy-intensive industry (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). Denmark does not want to include non-energy sector projects such as carbon sink enhancement projects in the pilot phase (Nordic Council of Ministers, 1995). However, other countries, including the US, have already funded a number of forestry sector projects (Development Alternatives, 1997). Moreover, energy-sector projects involving high technology or capital-intensive technology are often a source of controversy between DCs and ICs regarding the kind of technology transferred and sharing of costs and benefits. Further, the pilot phase provide s an opportunity for capacity-building and learning about methods of planning, implementation, and monitoring of GHG abatement in land-based non-energy sector projects.

  6. IEA Annex 26: Advanced Supermarket Refrigeration/Heat Recovery Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, VAN

    2003-05-19

    With increased concern about the impact of refrigerant leakage on global warming, a number of new supermarket refrigeration system configurations requiring significantly less refrigerant charge are being considered. In order to help promote the development of advanced systems and expand the knowledge base for energy-efficient supermarket technology, the International Energy Agency (IEA) established IEA Annex 26 (Advanced Supermarket Refrigeration/Heat Recovery Systems) under the ''IEA Implementing Agreement on Heat Pumping Technologies''. Annex 26 focuses on demonstrating and documenting the energy saving and environmental benefits of advanced systems design for food refrigeration and space heating and cooling for supermarkets. Advanced in this context means systems that use less energy, require less refrigerant and produce lower refrigerant emissions. Stated another way, the goal is to identify supermarket refrigeration and HVAC technology options that reduce the total equivalent warming impact (TEWI) of supermarkets by reducing both system energy use (increasing efficiency) and reducing total refrigerant charge. The Annex has five participating countries: Canada, Denmark, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The working program of the Annex has involved analytical and experimental investigation of several candidate system design approaches to determine their potential to reduce refrigerant usage and energy consumption. Advanced refrigeration system types investigated include the following: distributed compressor systems--small parallel compressor racks are located in close proximity to the food display cases they serve thus significantly shortening the connecting refrigerant line lengths; secondary loop systems--one or more central chillers are used to refrigerate a secondary coolant (e.g. brine, ice slurry, or CO2) that is pumped to the food display cases on the sales floor; self-contained display cases--each food display case has its own refrigeration unit; low-charge direct expansion--similar to conventional multiplex refrigeration systems but with improved controls to limit charge. Means to integrate store HVAC systems for space heating/cooling with the refrigeration system have been investigated as well. One approach is to use heat pumps to recover refrigeration waste heat and raise it to a sufficient level to provide for store heating needs. Another involves use of combined heating and power (CHP) or combined cooling, heating, and power (CCHP) systems to integrate the refrigeration, HVAC, and power services in stores. Other methods including direct recovery of refrigeration reject heat for space and water heating have also been examined.

  7. Mind the gap in SEA: An institutional perspective on why assessment of synergies amongst climate change mitigation, adaptation and other policy areas are missing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vammen Larsen, Sanne; Kornov, Lone; Wejs, Anja

    2012-02-15

    This article takes its point of departure in two approaches to integrating climate change into Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA): Mitigation and adaptation, and in the fact that these, as well as the synergies between them and other policy areas, are needed as part of an integrated assessment and policy response. First, the article makes a review of how positive and negative synergies between a) climate change mitigation and adaptation and b) climate change and other environmental concerns are integrated into Danish SEA practice. Then, the article discusses the implications of not addressing synergies. Finally, the article explores institutional explanations as to why synergies are not addressed in SEA practice. A document analysis of 149 Danish SEA reports shows that only one report comprises the assessment of synergies between mitigation and adaptation, whilst 9,4% of the reports assess the synergies between climate change and other environmental concerns. The consequences of separation are both the risk of trade-offs and missed opportunities for enhancing positive synergies. In order to propose explanations for the lacking integration, the institutional background is analysed and discussed, mainly based on Scott's theory of institutions. The institutional analysis highlights a regulatory element, since the assessment of climate change synergies is underpinned by legislation, but not by guidance. This means that great focus is on normative elements such as the local interpretation of legislation and of climate change mitigation and adaptation. The analysis also focuses on how the fragmentation of the organisation in which climate change and SEA are embedded has bearings on both normative and cultural-cognitive elements. This makes the assessment of synergies challenging. The evidence gathered and presented in the article points to a need for developing the SEA process and methodology in Denmark with the aim to include climate change in the assessments in a more systematic and integrated manner. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synergies between climate change mitigation, adaptation and other environmental concerns are not addressed in Danish SEA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Institutional explanations relate to organisational set-ups and understandings of climate change as a new planning issue. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The paper points to a need for developing SEA to include climate change in a more systematic and integrated manner.

  8. Wind power forecasting : state-of-the-art 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monteiro, C.; Bessa, R.; Miranda, V.; Botterud, A.; Wang, J.; Conzelmann, G.; Decision and Information Sciences; INESC Porto

    2009-11-20

    Many countries and regions are introducing policies aimed at reducing the environmental footprint from the energy sector and increasing the use of renewable energy. In the United States, a number of initiatives have been taken at the state level, from renewable portfolio standards (RPSs) and renewable energy certificates (RECs), to regional greenhouse gas emission control schemes. Within the U.S. Federal government, new energy and environmental policies and goals are also being crafted, and these are likely to increase the use of renewable energy substantially. The European Union is pursuing implementation of its ambitious 20/20/20 targets, which aim (by 2020) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% (as compared to 1990), increase the amount of renewable energy to 20% of the energy supply, and reduce the overall energy consumption by 20% through energy efficiency. With the current focus on energy and the environment, efficient integration of renewable energy into the electric power system is becoming increasingly important. In a recent report, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) describes a model-based scenario, in which wind energy provides 20% of the U.S. electricity demand in 2030. The report discusses a set of technical and economic challenges that have to be overcome for this scenario to unfold. In Europe, several countries already have a high penetration of wind power (i.e., in the range of 7 to 20% of electricity consumption in countries such as Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Denmark). The rapid growth in installed wind power capacity is expected to continue in the United States as well as in Europe. A large-scale introduction of wind power causes a number of challenges for electricity market and power system operators who will have to deal with the variability and uncertainty in wind power generation when making their scheduling and dispatch decisions. Wind power forecasting (WPF) is frequently identified as an important tool to address the variability and uncertainty in wind power and to more efficiently operate power systems with large wind power penetrations. Moreover, in a market environment, the wind power contribution to the generation portofolio becomes important in determining the daily and hourly prices, as variations in the estimated wind power will influence the clearing prices for both energy and operating reserves. With the increasing penetration of wind power, WPF is quickly becoming an important topic for the electric power industry. System operators (SOs), generating companies (GENCOs), and regulators all support efforts to develop better, more reliable and accurate forecasting models. Wind farm owners and operators also benefit from better wind power prediction to support competitive participation in electricity markets against more stable and dispatchable energy sources. In general, WPF can be used for a number of purposes, such as: generation and transmission maintenance planning, determination of operating reserve requirements, unit commitment, economic dispatch, energy storage optimization (e.g., pumped hydro storage), and energy trading. The objective of this report is to review and analyze state-of-the-art WPF models and their application to power systems operations. We first give a detailed description of the methodologies underlying state-of-the-art WPF models. We then look at how WPF can be integrated into power system operations, with specific focus on the unit commitment problem.

  9. Synergistic Effects of Turbine Wakes and Atmospheric Stability on Power Production at an Onshore Wind Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wharton, S; Lundquist, J K; Marjanovic, N

    2012-01-25

    This report examines the complex interactions between atmospheric stability and turbine-induced wakes on downwind turbine wind speed and power production at a West Coast North American multi-MW wind farm. Wakes are generated when the upwind flow field is distorted by the mechanical movement of the wind turbine blades. This has two consequences for downwind turbines: (1) the downwind turbine encounters wind flows with reduced velocity and (2) the downwind turbine encounters increased turbulence across multiple length scales via mechanical turbulence production by the upwind turbine. This increase in turbulence on top of ambient levels may increase aerodynamic fatigue loads on the blades and reduce the lifetime of turbine component parts. Furthermore, ambient atmospheric conditions, including atmospheric stability, i.e., thermal stratification in the lower boundary layer, play an important role in wake dissipation. Higher levels of ambient turbulence (i.e., a convective or unstable boundary layer) lead to higher turbulent mixing in the wake and a faster recovery in the velocity flow field downwind of a turbine. Lower levels of ambient turbulence, as in a stable boundary layer, will lead to more persistent wakes. The wake of a wind turbine can be divided into two regions: the near wake and far wake, as illustrated in Figure 1. The near wake is formed when the turbine structure alters the shape of the flow field and usually persists one rotor diameter (D) downstream. The difference between the air inside and outside of the near wake results in a shear layer. This shear layer thickens as it moves downstream and forms turbulent eddies of multiple length scales. As the wake travels downstream, it expands depending on the level of ambient turbulence and meanders (i.e., travels in non-uniform path). Schepers estimates that the wake is fully expanded at a distance of 2.25 D and the far wake region begins at 2-5 D downstream. The actual distance traveled before the wake recovers to its inflow velocity is dependent on the amount ambient turbulence, the amount of wind shear, and topographical and structural effects. The maximum velocity deficit is estimated to occur at 1-2 D but can be longer under low levels of ambient turbulence. Our understanding of turbine wakes comes from wind tunnel experiments, field experiments, numerical simulations, and from studies utilizing both experimental and modeling methods. It is well documented that downwind turbines in multi-Megawatt wind farms often produce less power than upwind turbine rows. These wake-induced power losses have been estimated from 5% to up to 40% depending on the turbine operating settings (e.g., thrust coefficient), number of turbine rows, turbine size (e.g., rotor diameter and hub-height), wind farm terrain, and atmospheric flow conditions (e.g., ambient wind speed, turbulence, and atmospheric stability). Early work by Elliott and Cadogan suggested that power data for different turbulent conditions be segregated to distinguish the effects of turbulence on wind farm power production. This may be especially important for downwind turbines within wind farms, as chaotic and turbulent wake flows increase stress on downstream turbines. Impacts of stability on turbine wakes and power production have been examined for a flat terrain, moderate size (43 turbines) wind farm in Minnesota and for an offshore, 80 turbine wind farm off the coast of Denmark. Conzemius found it difficult to distinguish wakes (i.e., downwind velocity deficits) when the atmosphere was convective as large amounts of scatter were present in the turbine nacelle wind speed data. This suggested that high levels of turbulence broke-up the wake via large buoyancy effects, which are generally on the order of 1 km in size. On the other hand, they found pronounced wake effects when the atmosphere was very stable and turbulence was either suppressed or the length scale was reduced as turbulence in this case was mechanically produced (i.e., friction forces). This led to larger reductions at downwind turbines and maximum velocity (power) deficits reached up to 50% (70%) during strongly stable conditions. At an offshore Danish wind farm, Hansen et al. found a strong negative correlation between power deficit and ambient turbulence intensity (i.e., atmospheric stability). Under convective conditions, when turbulence levels were relatively high, smallest power deficits were observed. Power deficits approaching 35 to 40% were found inside the wind farm during stable conditions.