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  1. HOME IN THE CHOCTAW DIASPORA: SURVIVAL AND REMEMBRANCE AWAY FROM NANIH WAIYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Jason Brightstar

    2011-07-31

    ; Motes; G. O’Brien; Pesantubbee, “Beyond Domesticity;” Squint. 14 See Cheek, “Cultural Flexibility;” Galloway, “Republics;” Galloway, “Choctaw Genesis;” Kennedy; Kidwell, “Choctaws in Oklahoma;” Kohl; G. O’Brien, “Revolutionary Age;” Osburn... done more than just survive; an assumption, Seena Kohl suggests is often made about Peoples who have faced genocide, ethnocide and assimilation (99). Rather, Chahta Alhíha have survived because they have kept in place some of their most important...

  2. Three dimensional simulation for bayou choctaw strategic petroleum reserve (SPR).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Park, Byoung Yoon; Lee, Moo Yul

    2006-12-01

    Three dimensional finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the structural integrity of the caverns located at the Bayou Choctaw (BC) site which is considered a candidate for expansion. Fifteen active and nine abandoned caverns exist at BC, with a total cavern volume of some 164 MMB. A 3D model allowing control of each cavern individually was constructed because the location and depth of caverns and the date of excavation are irregular. The total cavern volume has practical interest, as this void space affects total creep closure in the BC salt mass. Operations including both cavern workover, where wellhead pressures are temporarily reduced to atmospheric, and cavern enlargement due to leaching during oil drawdowns that use water to displace the oil from the caverns, were modeled to account for as many as the five future oil drawdowns in the six SPR caverns. The impacts on cavern stability, underground creep closure, surface subsidence, infrastructure, and well integrity were quantified.

  3. Genetic Evidence for the Phylogenetic Relationship between Na-Dene and Yeniseian Speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubicz, Rohina; Melvin, Kristin L.; Crawford, Michael H.

    2002-12-01

    *O, MN*M, RH*R1, RH*R2, GM*AG, GM*AXG, KM*]) from three blood group systems and immunoglobulins. The first principal component accounts for 55.8% of the total variation and separates the Na-Dene (AP, DG, HA, and NV) from the Siberian populations (AE, CC..., EK, FN, KT, and 748 / RUBICZ ET AL. 0.3 NG FN '-. 0.2 - C..' 0 0.1 DG a) c HA *L) 0.0 -. ,---- ,---,,,,,---- ,,,,---- ,-- ,,,-,,,,,---,,,,,,,----............ AE NV CC -0.1 -EK * AP A~KT -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 Eigenvector 1 - 55.8% Figure 2...

  4. Geomechanical testing of Bayou Choctaw 102B core for SPR analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ingraham, Mathew Duffy; Broome, Scott Thomas; Bauer, Stephen J.; Barrow, Perry Carl; Flint, Gregory Mark

    2014-02-01

    A laboratory testing program was developed to examine the short-term mechanical and time-dependent (creep) behavior of salt from the Bayou Choctaw Salt Dome. This report documents the test methodologies, and constitutive properties inferred from tests performed. These are used to extend our understanding of the mechanical behavior of the Bayou Choctaw domal salt and provide a data set for numerical analyses. The resulting information will be used to support numerical analyses of the current state of the Bayou Choctaw Dome as it relates to its crude oil storage function as part of the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Core obtained from Drill Hole BC-102B was tested under creep and quasi-static constant mean stress axisymmetric compression, and constant mean stress axisymmetric extension conditions. Creep tests were performed at 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and the axisymmetric tests were performed at ambient temperatures (72-78 degrees Fahrenheit). The testing performed indicates that the dilation criterion is pressure and stress state dependent. It was found that as the mean stress increases, the shear stress required to cause dilation increases. The results for this salt are reasonably consistent with those observed for other domal salts. Also it was observed that tests performed under extensile conditions required consistently lower shear stress to cause dilation for the same mean stress, which is consistent with other domal salts. Young's moduli ranged from 3.95 x 106 to 8.51 x 106 psi with an average of 6.44 x 106 psi, with Poisson's ratios ranging from 0.10 to 0.43 with an average of 0.30. Creep testing indicates that the BC salt is intermediate in creep resistance when compared with other bedded and domal salt steady-state behavior.

  5. Expansion analyses of strategic petroleum reserve in Bayou Choctaw : revised locations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

    2010-11-01

    This report summarizes a series of three-dimensional simulations for the Bayou Choctaw Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The U.S. Department of Energy plans to leach two new caverns and convert one of the existing caverns within the Bayou Choctaw salt dome to expand its petroleum reserve storage capacity. An existing finite element mesh from previous analyses is modified by changing the locations of two caverns. The structural integrity of the three expansion caverns and the interaction between all the caverns in the dome are investigated. The impacts of the expansion on underground creep closure, surface subsidence, infrastructure, and well integrity are quantified. Two scenarios were used for the duration and timing of workover conditions where wellhead pressures are temporarily reduced to atmospheric pressure. The three expansion caverns are predicted to be structurally stable against tensile failure for both scenarios. Dilatant failure is not expected within the vicinity of the expansion caverns. Damage to surface structures is not predicted and there is not a marked increase in surface strains due to the presence of the three expansion caverns. The wells into the caverns should not undergo yield. The results show that from a structural viewpoint, the locations of the two newly proposed expansion caverns are acceptable, and all three expansion caverns can be safely constructed and operated.

  6. Threat of a sinkhole: A reevaluation of Cavern 4, Bayou Choctaw salt dome, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.; Todd, J.L.; Linn, J.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-09-01

    Cavern Lake at Bayou Choctaw salt dome resulted from the failure of Cavern 7 in 1954. Uncontrolled solutioning of this cavern through the thin caprock had set the stage for overburden to collapse into the cavern below. A similar situation developed with nearby Cavern 4, but with less dissolutioning of the caprock. Because pressure loss was already a problem and because another 800 ft diameter lake would have endangered surface operations, solutioning of Cavern 4 was stopped and the cavern abandoned in 1957 in order to protect the already-small site. In 1978 the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) acquired a number of caverns at Bayou Choctaw, including Cavern 4, and the possible repeat of the Cavern 7 failure and formation of another lake thus became an issue. The cavern dimensions were re-sonared in 1980 for comparison with 1963 and 1977 surveys. Annual surface leveling between 1982--1992 showed less subsidence occurring than the site average, and a cavern monitoring system, installed in 1984, has revealed no anomalous motion. Repeat sonar surveys in 1992 showed very little, if any, change occurred since 1980 although a small amount of uncertainty exists as a result of changing sonar techniques. We conclude that significant additional solutioning or erosion of the caprock has not occurred and that there is no increased threat to SPR operations.

  7. Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society The Speech Chain: The Physics &Biology of Spoken Language by P. B. Denes; E. N. Pinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society The Speech Chain: The Physics &Biology of Spoken Language-all speed." In all seriousness, however, the Mc Graw-Hill Encyclopedia is too well known to need favorable material.?W. J. Cun ningham The Speech Chain: ThePhysics & Biology ofSpoken Language by P. B. Denes & E. N

  8. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) additional geologic site characterization studies, Bayou Choctaw salt dome, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States); Byrne, K.O.; Denzler, S. [Acres International Corp., Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-09-01

    This report revises and updates the geologic site characterization report that was published in 1980. Revised structure maps and sections show interpretative differences in the dome shape and caprock structural contours, especially a major east-west trending shear zone, not mapped in the 1980 report. Excessive gas influx in Caverns 18 and 20 may be associated with this shear zone. Subsidence values at Bayou Choctaw are among the lowest in the SPR system, averaging only about 10 mm/yr but measurement and interpretation issues persist, as observed values often approximate measurement accuracy. Periodic, temporary flooding is a continuing concern because of the low site elevation (less than 10 ft), and this may intensify as future subsidence lowers the surface even further. Cavern 4 was re-sonared in 1992 and the profiles suggest that significant change has not occurred since 1980, thereby reducing the uncertainty of possible overburden collapse -- as occurred at Cavern 7 in 1954. Other potential integrity issues persist, such as the proximity of Cavern 20 to the dome edge, and the narrow web separating Caverns 15 and 17. Injection wells have been used for the disposal of brine but have been only marginally effective thus far; recompletions into more permeable lower Pleistocene gravels may be a practical way of increasing injection capacity and brinefield efficiency. Cavern storage space is limited on this already crowded dome, but 15 MMBBL could be gained by enlarging Cavern 19 and by constructing a new cavern beneath and slightly north of abandoned Cavern 13. Environmental issues center on the low site elevation: the backswamp environment combined with the potential for periodic flooding create conditions that will require continuing surveillance.

  9. Sonar atlas of caverns comprising the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume 1, Bayou Choctaw site, Louisiana.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Lord, Anna Snider

    2007-10-01

    Downhole sonar surveys from the four active U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites have been modeled and used to generate a four-volume sonar atlas, showing the three-dimensional geometry of each cavern. This volume 1 focuses on the Bayou Choctaw SPR site, located in southern Louisiana. Volumes 2, 3, and 4, respectively, present images for the Big Hill SPR site, Texas, the Bryan Mound SPR site, Texas, and the West Hackberry SPR site, Louisiana. The atlas uses a consistent presentation format throughout. The basic geometric measurements provided by the down-cavern surveys have also been used to generate a number of geometric attributes, the values of which have been mapped onto the geometric form of each cavern using a color-shading scheme. The intent of the various geometrical attributes is to highlight deviations of the cavern shape from the idealized cylindrical form of a carefully leached underground storage cavern in salt. The atlas format does not allow interpretation of such geometric deviations and anomalies. However, significant geometric anomalies, not directly related to the leaching history of the cavern, may provide insight into the internal structure of the relevant salt dome.

  10. Improved Oil Recovery from Upper Jurassic Smackover Carbonates through the Application of Advanced Technologies at Womack Hill Oil Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    2003-12-31

    Pruet Production Co. and the Center for Sedimentary Basin Studies at the University of Alabama, in cooperation with Texas A&M University, Mississippi State University, University of Mississippi, and Wayne Stafford and Associates proposed a three-phase, focused, comprehensive, integrated and multidisciplinary study of Upper Jurassic Smackover carbonates (Class II Reservoir), involving reservoir characterization and 3-D modeling (Phase I) and a field demonstration project (Phases II and III) at Womack Hill Field Unit, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama, eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. Phase I of the project has been completed. The principal objectives of the project are: increasing the productivity and profitability of the Womack Hill Field Unit, thereby extending the economic life of this Class II Reservoir and transferring effectively and in a timely manner the knowledge gained and technology developed from this project to producers who are operating other domestic fields with Class II Reservoirs. The major tasks of the project included reservoir characterization, recovery technology analysis, recovery technology evaluation, and the decision to implement a demonstration project. Reservoir characterization consisted of geoscientific reservoir characterization, petrophysical and engineering property characterization, microbial characterization, and integration of the characterization data. Recovery technology analysis included 3-D geologic modeling, reservoir simulation, and microbial core experiments. Recovery technology evaluation consisted of acquiring and evaluating new high quality 2-D seismic data, evaluating the existing pressure maintenance project in the Womack Hill Field Unit, and evaluating the concept of an immobilized enzyme technology project for the Womack Hill Field Unit. The decision to implement a demonstration project essentially resulted in the decision on whether to conduct an infill drilling project in Womack Hill Field. Reservoir performance, multiwell productivity analysis, and reservoir simulation studies indicate that water injection continues to provide stable support to maintain production from wells in the western unitized area of the field and that the strong water drive present in the eastern area of the field is adequate to sustain production from this part of the field. Although the results from the microbial characterization and microbial core experiments are very promising, it is recommended that an immobilized enzyme technology project not be implemented in the Womack Hill Field Unit until live (freshly taken and properly preserved) cores from the Smackover reservoir in the field are acquired to confirm the microbial core experiments to date. From 3-D geologic modeling, reservoir performance analysis, and reservoir simulation, four areas in the Womack Hill Field were identified as prospective infill drilling sites to recover undrained oil from the field. It was determined that the two areas in the unit area probably can be effectively drained by perforating higher zones in the Smackover reservoir in currently producing wells. The two areas in the eastern (non-unitized) part of the field require the drilling of new wells. The successful drilling and testing of a well in 2003 by J. R. Pounds, Inc. has proven the oil potential of the easternmost site in the non-unitized part of the field. Pruet Production Co. acquired new 2-D seismic data to evaluate the oil potential of the westernmost site. Because of the effects of a fault shadow from the major fault bounding the southern border of the Womack Hill Field, it is difficult to evaluate conclusively this potential drill site. Pruet Production Co. has decided not to drill this new well at this time and to further evaluate the new 2-D seismic profiles after these data have been processed using a pre-stack migration technique. Pruet Production Co. has elected not to continue into Phase II of this project because they are not prepared to make a proposal to the other mineral interest owners regarding the drilling of new wells as part of an infil

  11. Improved Oil Recovery from Upper Jurassic Smackover Carbonates through the Application of Advanced Technologies at Womack Hill Oil Field, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Eastern Gulf Costal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    2006-05-31

    Pruet Production Co. and the Center for Sedimentary Basin Studies at the University of Alabama, in cooperation with Texas A&M University, Mississippi State University, University of Mississippi, and Wayne Stafford and Associates proposed a three-phase, focused, comprehensive, integrated and multidisciplinary study of Upper Jurassic Smackover carbonates (Class II Reservoir), involving reservoir characterization and 3-D modeling (Phase I) and a field demonstration project (Phases II and III) at Womack Hill Field Unit, Choctaw and Clarke Counties, Alabama, eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. Phase I of the project has been completed. The principal objectives of the project are: increasing the productivity and profitability of the Womack Hill Field Unit, thereby extending the economic life of this Class II Reservoir and transferring effectively and in a timely manner the knowledge gained and technology developed from this project to producers who are operating other domestic fields with Class II Reservoirs. The major tasks of the project included reservoir characterization, recovery technology analysis, recovery technology evaluation, and the decision to implement a demonstration project. Reservoir characterization consisted of geoscientific reservoir characterization, petrophysical and engineering property characterization, microbial characterization, and integration of the characterization data. Recovery technology analysis included 3-D geologic modeling, reservoir simulation, and microbial core experiments. Recovery technology evaluation consisted of acquiring and evaluating new high quality 2-D seismic data, evaluating the existing pressure maintenance project in the Womack Hill Field Unit, and evaluating the concept of an immobilized enzyme technology project for the Womack Hill Field Unit. The decision to implement a demonstration project essentially resulted in the decision on whether to conduct an infill drilling project in Womack Hill Field. Reservoir performance, multiwell productivity analysis, and reservoir simulation studies indicate that water injection continues to provide stable support to maintain production from wells in the western unitized area of the field and that the strong water drive present in the eastern area of the field is adequate to sustain production from this part of the field. Although the results from the microbial characterization and microbial core experiments are very promising, it is recommended that an immobilized enzyme technology project not be implemented in the Womack Hill Field Unit until live (freshly taken and properly preserved) cores from the Smackover reservoir in the field are acquired to confirm the microbial core experiments to date. From 3-D geologic modeling, reservoir performance analysis, and reservoir simulation, four areas in the Womack Hill Field were identified as prospective infill drilling sites to recover undrained oil from the field. It was determined that the two areas in the unit area probably can be effectively drained by perforating higher zones in the Smackover reservoir in currently producing wells. The two areas in the eastern (non-unitized) part of the field require the drilling of new wells. The successful drilling and testing of a well in 2003 by J. R. Pounds, Inc. has proven the oil potential of the easternmost site in the non-unitized part of the field. Pruet Production Co. acquired new 2-D seismic data to evaluate the oil potential of the westernmost site. Because of the effects of a fault shadow from the major fault bounding the southern border of the Womack Hill Field, it is difficult to evaluate conclusively this potential drill site. Pruet Production Co. has decided not to drill this new well at this time and to further evaluate the new 2-D seismic profiles after these data have been processed using a pre-stack migration technique. Pruet Production Co. has elected not to continue into Phase II of this project because they are not prepared to make a proposal to the other mineral interest owners regarding the drilling of new wells as part of an infil

  12. Word-level Nominalization in Choctaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haag, Marcia

    1994-01-01

    naa is a nominalizer that conforms to the theoretical constraints that both the base and the product of a word formation rule be predictable....

  13. Choctaw Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to:ChangingCNE JumpChippewa Valley ElectricElectric Coop

  14. Choctaw, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas:Chittenango, New

  15. EECBG Success Story: New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funding to build a state-of-the-art recycling center and improve stewardship of the land and environment. Learn more....

  16. New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartment ofProgramImportsEnergy NEWS MEDIAEnergyEnergy

  17. Choctaw County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas:Chittenango, New York:Alabama: Energy

  18. Choctaw County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas:Chittenango, New York:Alabama:

  19. Choctaw County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR JumpMaine:WestTexas:Chittenango, New York:Alabama:Oklahoma:

  20. EECBG Success Story: New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of EnergyDepartment ofDepartmentDepartment of

  1. Managing Nutrition and Health in a Changing Climate: A Yellowknives Dene First Nation Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duran, Nelida

    2015-01-01

    on accessing the land and waters to harvest. Participantsharvest. Participants are concerned about the contamination of species that inhabit the land and waters.water and are aware of the hardship the climate creates for members who harvest

  2. Managing Nutrition and Health in a Changing Climate: A Yellowknives Dene First Nation Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duran, Nelida

    2015-01-01

    and gas interests, while offshore interests are managed byin oil sands, shale, and offshore gas resources (Mathewson &

  3. Managing Nutrition and Health in a Changing Climate: A Yellowknives Dene First Nation Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duran, Nelida

    2015-01-01

    difficulty on land, water, and air alike. The difficultyof physical elements such as air, water, land, etc. , butbiophysical environment (air, water, land, etc. ). Per the

  4. Managing Nutrition and Health in a Changing Climate: A Yellowknives Dene First Nation Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duran, Nelida

    2015-01-01

    the challenges of climate change and biofuel production forthe Compounding Effects of Climate Change on the NutritionE. Hanson ( Eds. ), Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation

  5. Integrated petrographic and petrophysical study of the Smackover formation, Womack Hill field, Clarke and Choctaw counties, Alabama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Tiffany Lynn

    2002-01-01

    the distribution of reservoir units, this study utilized an integrated array of data from core lithological descriptions, borehole logs, core reports, thin section petrography, porosity and permeability measurements on core plugs, and mercury injection capillary...

  6. CX-001001: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bayou Choctaw Replacement Vacuum TruckCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 02/22/2010Location(s): Bayou Choctaw, LouisianaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  7. CX-004170: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Refurbish Bayou Choctaw Static Mixer Government Furnished EquipmentCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 09/17/2010Location(s): Bayou Choctaw, LouisianaOffice(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  8. EIS-0024: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Capline Group Salt Domes, Iberia, Napoleonville, Weeks Island Expansion, Bayou Choctaw Expansion, Chacahoula- Iberia, Iberville, and Lafourche Parishes, Louisiana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserves developed this EIS to analyze the environmental impacts which would occur during site preparation and operation of oil storage facilities at each of five proposed candidate sites in the Capline Group of salt domes.

  9. Excerpt from The Red Land to the South: American Indian Writers and Indigenous Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, James H.

    2013-01-01

    Writers and Indigenous Mexico (Minneapolis: University ofLiterature and Indigenous Mexico T he publication of Choctaws detective novels set in Mexico could read Philip Ainsworth

  10. Energy Department Announces Emergency Oil Loan In Response to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    today that the Energy Department has agreed to lend 1 million barrels of sweet crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's (SPR) Bayou Choctaw site in Louisiana to...

  11. EIS-0024: Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Capline Group Salt Domes, Iberia, Napoleonville, Weeks Island Expansion, Bayou Choctaw Expansion, Chacahoula - Iberia, Iberville, and Lafourche Parishes, Louisiana

  12. DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy. The Working Group is pleased to announce the following newly appointed members: Blue Lake Rancheria: Jana Ganion, BLR Energy Director Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians:...

  13. Sustainability and Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard

    2006-01-01

    also known there as sustainable mobility. This de?nition wasfor De?ning Sustainable Transport and Mobility. [cited 13Sustainable transporta- tion is de?ned as a means to satisfy current transport and mobility

  14. ITS-Davis Biennial Report 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Communities, Improving Mobility Sustainable streets areSustainable transportation is de?ned as meeting the mobility

  15. The Cargo of the Steamboat Heroine and the Army of the Frontier, 1838 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chick, Nina M.

    2015-04-30

    In spring of 1838, the Heroine steamed up the Red River carrying subsistence supplies for the U.S. Army garrison at Fort Towson, Choctaw Nation. Two miles from its destination, it struck a snag and sank. Rediscovered in ...

  16. The Lower Mississippi Valley as a Language Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, David Vincent

    2014-08-31

    ...................................................................................................12 1.2.3 Chitimachas ...........................................................................................13 1.2.4 Choctaws and Chickasaws .....................................................................14 1.2.5 Natchez... .................................................................................................16 1.2.6 Ofos .......................................................................................................18 1.2.7 Tunicas ..................................................................................................19 1.3...

  17. Indian Energy Blog Archive | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians are converting waste vegetable oil and grease to biofuel in an effort to reduce the environmental impact of their energy use. Fuel from Waste...

  18. CX-006606: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recoat RPX Spools at Bayou ChoctawCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 08/08/2011Location(s): Baton Rouge, LouisianaOffice(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  19. CX-006250: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Blast and Paint Bayou Choctaw Brine Pump Pad and Associate PipingCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 06/20/2011Location(s): Iberville Parish, LouisianaOffice(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  20. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2013-013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is a request by BABCOCK & WILCOX mPOWER for a DOE waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-NE0000583.

  1. The role of emerging and investigational therapies for metastatic brain tumors: a systematic review and evidence-based clinical practice guideline of selected topics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    the bal- loon-based brachytherapy, stereotactically placedradiosurgery or brachytherapy (with- out hyperthermia) Local3). In this discussion brachytherapy is de?ned as therapy

  2. Better Buildings Residential Network Program Sustainability Peer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    policies do you wish it had? * Poll on State Policies * Program Experience Mary Cohen, NeighborWorks of Western Vermont Denee Evans, Energy Fit Nevada * Discussion ...

  3. A Study of Connectivity in MIMO Fading Ad-Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun; Jafarkhani, Hamid; Kazemitabar, Javad

    2009-01-01

    Approximations to the Outage Capacity of MIMO channels? ,”of connectivity relying on the outage capacity of MIMOis de?ned based on an outage capacity analysis for such

  4. Current Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PHYS 630, Advanced Theory Of Electricity And Magnetism, Denes Molnar. PHYS 661, Quantum Mechanics II, Sherwin T. Love. PHYS 663, Quantum Field ...

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2014 Annual Review - Holbert & Clark

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Electronics Destined for Severe Nuclear Reactor Environments Keith E. Holbert and Lawrence T. Clark Arizona State University September 18, 2014 Award Number DE-NE0000679 2 Project...

  6. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2013-031

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is a request by WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC COMPANY for a DOE waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-NE0000566.

  7. Distributed fair bandwidth sharing for lambda networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xinran

    2007-01-01

    represents the rate allocation function. This expected raterepresents the rate allocation function. With the regularlyhow to de?ne the rete allocation functions g(·) and h(·) for

  8. Tree-based Ordered Multicasting Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

    2006-01-01

    ONs, as well. Receiver nodes, RNs, are recipients of messageneither are receiver nodes, RNs, bur- dened with sorting outbetween receiver nodes, RNs, and ordering nodes, ONs, such

  9. Community Cellular Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heimerl, Kurtis

    2013-01-01

    2.1.3 Rural Cellular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2Community Cellular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.1.1Community Cellular Networks 3.1 De?ning Community Cellular

  10. On environmental lifecycle assessment for policy selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2010-01-01

    D. Zilberman. Prices, Policies and Environmental Life CycleTechnologies and Environmental Policy, 3(2):81–91, 2001.to guide new environmental policies and to de?ne targets.

  11. Loss mechanisms in turbine tip clearance flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Arthur (Arthur C.)

    2011-01-01

    Numerical simulations of tip clearance ow have been carried out to dene the loss generation mechanisms associated with tip leakage in unshrouded axial turbines. Mix- ing loss between the leakage, which takes the form of a ...

  12. Organization of Energetic Particles by the Solar Wind Structure During the Declining to Minimum Phase of Solar Cycle 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    do not occur for more than one solar rotation, as de?ned byspanned over 20 solar rotations, where one such sequence ofHCS was north about one quarter of a solar rotation and near

  13. The Structure of the Solar Wind in the Inner Heliosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Christina On-Yee

    2010-01-01

    do not occur for more than one solar rotation, as de?ned byof these properties that span one solar rotation (?27 days).the data are taken over one solar ro- tation as viewed from

  14. Photocatalytic reduction of methylene blue by TiO2 nanotube arrays: effects of TiO2 crystalline phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Xiongwu; Chen, Shaowei

    2010-01-01

    arrays: effects of TiO 2 crystalline phase Xiongwu Kang •formation of well- de?ned anatase crystalline phase. Moreat 470 °C, the brookite crystalline phase also started to

  15. Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoelectromechanical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleman, Benjamin Jose

    2011-01-01

    for transfer-free suspended graphene membrane fabrication on95 7.2 Lithographically de?ned graphene TEM sampleMicroscopy Image of Graphene and Schematic of Structural

  16. Direct electron detection in transmission electron microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Liang

    2009-01-01

    Duttweiler, J. Bouwer, S. Peltier, M. Ellisman, P. Denes, F.J. C. Bouwer, S. T. Peltier, M. Ellisman and N. -H. Xuong (J. C. Bouwer, S. T. Peltier, M. H. Ellisman and N. H.

  17. Towards Energy and Resource Efficient Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    lean practices in industry. Lean manufacturing is de?ned bythe second type of lean manufacturing, Comau [29] recentlyLean and green production in?uences at the facility level Green manufacturing

  18. Living Technology and Development: Agricultural Biotechnology and Civil Society in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsh, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines relationships between science and technology and development, as dened and manifested by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Kenya whose work involves agricultural biotechnologies. Non-governmental ...

  19. 5/5, 1:35)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-05

    May 5, 2014 ... acuracy to meet most engineering re- quirements. ... paper. February, 1949 mined are reasonably similar to capil- ... study of capillary pressures. This sys .... thermal expansion or contraction. ...... is de?ned fundamentally as: F:.

  20. Web Site Metadata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Erik; Roy, Anuradha

    2009-01-01

    International World Wide Web Conference, pages 1123–1124,de?ned as a set of Web pages made available by someis often associated with all Web pages available under one

  1. Towards Energy and Resource Efficient Manufacturing: A Processes and Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    occurs in the form of eco-industrial parks [26,124,228].An eco-industrial park was de?ned for the U.S.Development of Eco-Industrial Parks [127] as: ‘a community

  2. Contests for Status Benny Moldovanu, Aner Sela and Xianwen Shi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Abstract We study the optimal design of organizations under the assumption that agents in a contest care with a sliding scale of status determined by precisely de...ned ranges of measured output (fruit, grain, oil, etc

  3. Interemporal Risk Aversion - or - Wouldn't it be Nice to Tell Whether Robinson Crusoe is Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traeger, Christian P.

    2011-01-01

    measured with respect to lotteries over coconut consumption.theory works great for coconuts. They are, at least withrisk aversion, also ‘the zero coconut level’ is well de?ned.

  4. Displacement speeds in turbulent premixed flame simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Marcus S.; Shepherd, Ian G.; Bell, J.; Grcar, Joseph F.; Lijewski, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    elds for reaction rate progress and ?uid velocity. Thefor the velocity ?elds and the scalar measure of reactionvelocity and the temperature. To evaluate the displacement speed we de?ne a reaction

  5. Methodological and Practical Considerations for Developing Multiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion, Kristel

    2008-01-01

    de?ne as all heavy and distillate fuel oil plants. Theirengines burning heavy fuel oil, whereas prior to that, theit is available and heavy fuel oil for supplying power to

  6. [1998] Review of `Canonical desingularization in characteristic zero ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madrid, 1977; MR 80h:32027] is an outstanding achievement of twentieth-century ... dinate system such that each local component of g—1 V is de?ned.

  7. Dr. Heinzer Exam 2 Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    firé' Q “1/ . Let V be an abelian group with generators (111,112, '03) that has ... by de?ning :w = T(v) for each 1) E V. Assume that Mr) = ccz(93 - 1)} is the minimal.

  8. CX-007510: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Record of Categorical Exclusion for Tear Down, Inspect and Repair Bayou Choctaw Brine Filters at BDW Pad 1 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/29/2011 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  9. Indigenous Nations Journal, Volume 6, Number 1 (Spring, 2008): Front Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-03-01

    and Residential Schools: Indigenous Siberians in a Post-Soviet State Alexia Bloch Reviewed by J.R. (Jim) Miller Choctaw Prophecy: A Legacy of the Future Tom Mould Reviewed by {Catherine M.B. Osburn Surviving Conquest: A History of the Yavapai Peoples... Western Civilization and Neo-Colonial, Neo-Liberal, Neo-Conservative Hegemony Richard Arnold BOOK REVIEWS Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny Robert J. Miller Reviewed by Steve Russell...

  10. Grundlagen der Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGUE' CARD NUMBER. 60—15580 ... they are called natural numbers), in de?ning the arithmetical operations ... the student not only with the subject matter anal results of mathe- matics, but also with its methods of proof. Even one who studies ... For the next Spring term (as once before).

  11. Emerging challenges in cognitive ergonomics: managing swarms of self-organizing agent-based automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, John D.

    Emerging challenges in cognitive ergonomics: managing swarms of self-organizing agent safety and e ciency. Addressing these problems will require the ®eld of cognitive ergonomics to consider-based description of well- de®ned scenarios. Cognitive ergonomics must develop an understanding of the basic

  12. Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): independent traits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schall, Joseph J.

    Life history of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium mexicanum): independent traits and basis infections in the life-history traits which de˘ne its blood-dwelling stages. Such variation in life historiesˇects producing the variation.We studied 11 life-history traits in 120 induced infections of P. mexicanum in its

  13. A Log-Periodic Focal-Plane Architecture for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OBrient, Roger

    2010-01-01

    1.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 NEP of Bolometeric detectors vspublication date. NEP is de?ned as the source power that aPublishers, 1996. Halverson, N. , NEP and Mapping speed for

  14. Mitochondrial DNA and Y-Chromosome Variation of Eastern Aleut Populations: Implications for the Genetic Structure and Peopling of the Aleutian Archipelago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zlojutro, Mark

    2008-01-01

    and demic exchange with neighboring Eskimo and Na-Dene groups. The relationship between geography and mtDNA variation is further evident from the highly significant correlation of geographic and genetic distance matrices (r = 0.717) and the decreasing...

  15. Quantum fast Fourier transform using multilevel atoms ASHOK MUTHUKRISHNAN and C. R. STROUD, JR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stroud Jr., Carlos R.

    . The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA; e-mail: amuthuk occurs naturally in the unitary time evolution of energy eigenstates and is used to de®ne an alternative wave-packet basis for quantum information in the atom. A change of basis from energy levels to wave

  16. SCOP database in 2004: renements integrate structure and sequence family data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,2). An advantage of the SCOP database is that it embeds a theory of protein evolution as de®ned by human expertsSCOP database in 2004: re®nements integrate structure and sequence family data Antonina Andreeva) database is a comprehensive ordering of all proteins of known structure, according to their evolutionary

  17. STRAIN AGING OF AUSTENITIC HADFIELD MANGANESE STEEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    STRAIN AGING OF AUSTENITIC HADFIELD MANGANESE STEEL W. S. OWEN1 { and M. GRUJICIC2 1 Department®eld steel is discussed in terms of the interstitial octahedron, local-order model, which de®nes order on the metal sublattice are frozen on sites determined either by the high-temperature equilibrium anneal

  18. Development and validation of a combustion model for a fuel cell off-gas burner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, William Tristan

    2008-10-14

    Burner Details 164 C.1 Burner Inlet Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 C.2 Emission Indices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 List of References 173 List of Figures 1.1 SOFC... Steady Laminar Flamelet Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 SOFC Solid Oxide Fuel Cell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 UDF User De?ned Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73...

  19. Comput. Maths. Math. Phys., Vol.36, No.7, pp. 847859, 1996 Pergamon c 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evtushenko, Yury G.

    is dened by inequality-type constraints are also considered in [8, 9]. Over the course of a number of years Rm : v = c - A u > 0n} is non-empty. The inequality-type constrains in problem (1.2) can be removed

  20. Modeling and analysis of time-dependent tritium transport in lithium oxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    evaluation of the conditions for attaining self-suciency is necessary to de®ne the selection criteria for design concepts and the range of acceptable parameters [1]. Tritium behavior and transport in the blanket as steady state conditions. MISTRAL was Journal of Nuclear Materials 273 (1999) 79±94 www

  1. Lagrange Inversion via Transforms Heinrich Niederhausen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niederhausen, Heinrich

    is called the order of , n = ord( ), and the set of all Laurent series is denoted by K btc. As indicated in K btc is de...ned as multiplication of series. A multi- plicative inverse (reciprocal) exists in K btc 0 K btc, the set of all Laurent series where the ...rst non-zero term is a unit in K, i.e. has

  2. A review of "Bernini's Beloved, A Portrait of Costanza Piccolomini" by Sarah McPhee 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Larry

    2013-01-01

    clarity in its de?ning these elements. Sigel appends a ?visual glossary? of terms and components that clari?es the kind of close inspection he does as a conservator. Here textures and surfaces, includ- ing ?ngerprints receive due attention... marriage to Matteo Bonucelli of Lucca, an assistant of Bernini at St. Peter's. Payment to Matteo stops in early 1639, after the slash- ing of Costanza's face for a dishonor probably occurred the previous year?the result of Costanza's in...

  3. The Role of Apical Membrane Antigen-1 in Erythrocyte Invasion by the Zoonotic Apicomplexan Babesia microti 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradji, Issa

    2010-01-16

    in humans, with well-recognized antimalarial drugs such as chloroquine, quinine, mefloquine and pyrimethamine, and pentamidine are not successful (Raoult et al., 1987; Brasseur et al., 1996; Denes et al., 1999; Krause, 2003). Although chloroquine therapy... procedures is problematic (Raoult et al., 1987; Brasseur et al., 1996). Today, the recommended treatment of human babesiosis consists of a massive blood exchange transfusion followed by administration of intravenous clindamycin and oral quinine together...

  4. Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-04-16

    } min(? i ,? i (x)). (1) See [3]for more details. To the decision maker, the value of decision d is the same as the value of the induced lottery ? d . And thanks to the mixture construct, the set ? X is rich enough to encode not only a simple lottery... mapping from uncertainty scale V onto util- ity scale U such that h(1) = 1 and h(0) = 0. A pessimistic qualitative utility function QU ? :? X ?U is de?ned as follows: QU ? (?) def =min x?X max(nh(?(x)),u(x)) (5) where nh def = n?h is composition of n and h...

  5. A Comparison of Axiomatic Approaches to Qualitative Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2001-08-01

    ;? 2 2 ? X and ?;? 2 [0;1] such that max(?;?)=1,amixture of ? 1 ;? 2 with weights ?;? denoted by (?=? 1 ;?=? 2 ) can be de?ned as follows (?=? 1 ;?=? 2 )(x)=max(min(?;? 1 (x));min(?;? 2 (x))): Mixture operation is pairwise commutative in the sense...?m min(? i ;? i (x)): (1) To a decision maker, the value of decision d is the same as the value of the induced ? d . And thanks to the mixture construct, set ? X is rich enough to encode not only a simple decision but also a \\compound" de- cision...

  6. Feasibility Study for Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Hendrix, Project Director; Charles Weir, Project Manager; Dr. John Plodinec, Technology Advisor; Dr. Steve Murray, Economic Advisor

    2005-07-21

    Project Objective: The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (MBCI) conducted a study of the feasibility of siting a renewable energy biomass-based installation on tribal lands. The purpose of the study was to determine whether such an installation can be economically sustainable, as well as consistent with the cultural, social, and economic goals of the Tribe. Scope: To achieve the goal of the feasibility study, the following tasks were carried out: (1) Resource availability assessment--The objective of this assessment was to determine the availability of both poultry litter and wood residues for use in the proposed facility. (2) Power utilization assessment--The objective of this assessment was to determine the potential market size for power produced, the existing infrastructure for delivering power to that market, and the costs and economic returns for doing so. (3) Technology review--The objective of this review was to identify one, or more, technical options for detailed economic and technical assessment. The study considered a range of feedstock and product mixtures of poultry litter; wood residues as feedstock; and electrical power and other ancillary products as outputs. Distributed power sources was also examined. Technologies ranging from gasification to systems that produce both power and value-added chemicals were considered. Technologies selected for detailed review were those that can be sized to process the amount of available feed (poultry litter, or poultry litter and wood residues), and that also appear to make economic sense in terms of the value of their inputs. The technology review leaned heavily on the experience from similar prior DOE projects, particularly those conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). NREL was involved in a consultative role, so that the project team could leverage their experience. (4) Systems Design(s)--Based on the technology review, a pre-conceptual design for an installation was developed. This included identification of unit operations and equipment, maintenance, manpower, feedstock requirements, and output (power and any other ancillary products). Energy and mass flows were identified. (5) Manpower development assessment--The objectives of this assessment was to identify training needs for the selected option(s), and determine how they can best be met. Using the manpower estimates from the pre-conceptual system design, skills and training needs were to be identified. A plan for providing the needed manpower was to be developed, and any associated costs determined. (6) Economic assessment--The objective of this assessment was to determine the economic viability and sustainability of the technology option(s) identified through the technical review option. The costs of bringing the feedstock to the proposed facility were combined with nominal operation costs and potential production distribution costs to identify total costs. Revenue from power distribution (and, possibly, from sale of ancillary products) were combined with any possible government credits or payments to identify gross revenue. Economic viability was determined by net revenue and return on investment. A business plan for the selected option was to be produced that would consider long-term sustainability of the project. (7) MBCI compatibility assessment--The objective of this assessment was to determine whether the renewable energy technology was compatible with the MBCI's cultural, social and economic values. As part of this assessment, the environmental impacts and benefits were to be determined (Environmental stewardship is an important part of the Choctaw culture.). The effects of a project on employment were projected. The compatibility of the renewable energy project with MBCI cultural and social values were determined. Most importantly, the compatibility of the renewable energy installation with the MBCIs economic development goals and directions were determined. A project team led by the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (MBCI) conducted the feasibility study. The team included th

  7. SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory- Local Dynamics on Non-intersecting Electric flux Loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramesh Anishetty; Indrakshi Raychowdhury

    2014-11-12

    We use Schwinger Bosons as prepotentials for lattice gauge theory to de?ne local linking oper- ators and calculate their action on linking states for 2 + 1 dimensional SU(2) lattice gauge theory. We develop a diagrammatic technique and associate a set of (lattice Feynman) rules to compute the entire loop dynamics diagrammatically. The physical loop space is shown to contain only non- intersecting loop con?gurations after solving the Mandelstam constraint. The smallest plaquette loops are contained in the physical loop space and other con?gurations are generated by the action of a set of fusion operators on this basic loop states enabling one to charaterize any arbitrary loop by the basic plaquette together with the fusion variables. Consequently, the full Kogut-Susskind Hamiltonian and the dynamics of all possible non-intersecting physical loops are formulated in terms of these fusion variables.

  8. A Qualitative Linear Utility Theory for Spohn’s Theory of Epistemic Beliefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2000-08-01

    of expected utility of the lottery in Figure 1 if we assume o 2 ? [o 1 .0,o 3 .3] and o 1 is the best prize and o 3 is the worst prize. Notice that when L is a simple lottery, Equation 7 can be rewritten as U([o 1 .? 1 ,o 2 .? 2 ,...,o r .? r ]) = min 1?i... + ?{?}. For A ? ? such that ?(A) < ?, the conditional dis- belief function ?(.|A) is de?ned as S3 ?(B|A)=?(B ?A) ??(A). It is easy to verify that ?(.|A) is a disbelief function, i.e., it satis?es S1 and S2. The notion of independence for Spohn?s epistemic be...

  9. The Quantum Energy Density: Improved E

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krogel, Jaron; Yu, Min; Kim, Jeongnim; Ceperley, David M.

    2013-01-01

    We establish a physically meaningful representation of a quantum energy density for use in Quantum Monte Carlo calculations. The energy density operator, dened in terms of Hamiltonian components and density operators, returns the correct Hamiltonian when integrated over a volume containing a cluster of particles. This property is demonstrated for a helium-neon \\gas," showing that atomic energies obtained from the energy density correspond to eigenvalues of isolated systems. The formation energies of defects or interfaces are typically calculated as total energy dierences. Using a model of delta-doped silicon (where dopant atoms form a thin plane) we show how interfacial energies can be calculated more eciently with the energy density, since the region of interest is small. We also demonstrate how the energy density correctly transitions to the bulk limit away from the interface where the correct energy is obtainable from a separate total energy calculation.

  10. Dynamic distributions and changing copulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey, Andrew C

    , the correlation is related to the quadrant association at #28; = 0:5 by the formula CQA(0:5; 0:5) = 0:5+ (1=#25;) arcsin #26;: Thus #26; = 0:75; corresponds to CQA(0:5; 0:5) = 0:77: Note that lower tail dependence is ( eCQA(#28; ; #28;)#0; 1 + 2#28;)=2#28; ; while... , the indicator variables need to be de?ned in terms of changing quantiles, #24;1t(#28; 1) and #24;2t(#28; 2): 2.6 Changing joint distributions For some purposes estimating the joint distribution rather than the copula may be what is required; see the discussion...

  11. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-15

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  12. Sonar atlas of caverns comprising the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume 2, Big Hill Site, Texas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Lord, Anna Snider

    2007-08-01

    Downhole sonar surveys from the four active U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites have been modeled and used to generate a four-volume sonar atlas, showing the three-dimensional geometry of each cavern. This volume 2 focuses on the Big Hill SPR site, located in southeastern Texas. Volumes 1, 3, and 4, respectively, present images for the Bayou Choctaw SPR site, Louisiana, the Bryan Mound SPR site, Texas, and the West Hackberry SPR site, Louisiana. The atlas uses a consistent presentation format throughout. The basic geometric measurements provided by the down-cavern surveys have also been used to generate a number of geometric attributes, the values of which have been mapped onto the geometric form of each cavern using a color-shading scheme. The intent of the various geometrical attributes is to highlight deviations of the cavern shape from the idealized cylindrical form of a carefully leached underground storage cavern in salt. The atlas format does not allow interpretation of such geometric deviations and anomalies. However, significant geometric anomalies, not directly related to the leaching history of the cavern, may provide insight into the internal structure of the relevant salt dome.

  13. Characterization of a fluidized-bed combustion ash to determine potential for environmental impact. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassett, D.J.; Henderson, A.K.; Pflughoeft-Hassett, D.F.; Mann, M.D.; Eylands, K.E.

    1997-10-01

    A 440-megawatt, circulating fluidized-bed combustion (CFBC), lignite-fired power plant is planned for construction in Choctaw County north of Ackerman, Mississippi. This power plant will utilize Mississippi lignite from the first lignite mine in that state. Malcolm Pirnie, Inc., is working with the power plant developer in the current planning and permitting efforts for this proposed construction project. In order to accommodate Mississippi state regulatory agencies and meet appropriate permit requirements, Malcolm Pirnie needed to provide an indication of the characteristics of the by-products anticipated to be produced at the proposed plant. Since the Mississippi lignite is from a newly tapped mine and the CFBC technology is relatively new, Malcolm Pirnie contacted with the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) to develop and perform a test plan for the production and characterization of ash similar to ash that will be eventually produced at the proposed power plant. The work performed at the EERC included two primary phases: production of by-products in a bench-scale CFBC unit using lignite provided by Malcolm Pirnie with test conditions delineated by Malcolm Pirnie to represent expected operating conditions for the full-scale plant; and an extensive characterization of the by-products produced, focusing on Mississippi regulatory requirements for leachability, with the understanding that return of the by-product to the mine site was an anticipated by-product management plan. The overall focus of this project was the environmental assessment of the by-product expected to be produced at the proposed power plant. Emphasis was placed on the leachability of potentially problematic trace elements in the by-products. The leaching research documented in this report was performed to determine trends of leachability of trace elements under leaching conditions appropriate for evaluating land disposal in monofills, such as returning the by-products to the mine site.

  14. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Site Environmental Report for calendar year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-31

    The purpose of this Site Environmental Report (SER) is to characterize site environmental management performance, confirm compliance with environmental standards and requirements, and highlight significant programs and efforts. The SER, provided annually in accordance with Department of Energy DOE Order 5400.1, serves the public by summarizing monitoring data collected to assess how the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) impacts the environment. This report (SER) provides a balanced synopsis of non-radiological monitoring and regulatory compliance data and affirms that the SPR has been operating within acceptable regulatory limits. Included in this report is a description of each site`s environment, an overview of the SPR environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1994. Two of these highlights include decommissioning of the Weeks Island facility (disposition of 73 million barrels of crude oil inventory) as well as the degasification of up to 144 million barrels of crude oil inventory at the Bayou Choctaw, Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry facilities. The decision to decommission the Weeks Island facility is a result of diminishing mine integrity from ground water intrusion. Degasifying the crude oil is required to reduce potentially harmful emissions that would occur during oil movements. With regard to still another major environmental action, 43 of the original 84 environmental findings from the 1992 DOE Tiger Team Assessment were closed by the end of 1994. Spills to the environment, another major topic, indicates a positive trend. Total volume of oil spilled in 1994 was only 39 barrels, down from 232 barrels in 1993, and the total volume of brine spilled was only 90 barrels, down from 370 barrels in 1993. The longer term trend for oil and brine spills has declined substantially from 27 in 1990 down to nine in 1994.

  15. Large Deviations for Stochastic Volterra Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nualart, David; Rovira, Carles

    2000-04-01

    with N â :? T 1˙â K 2 Z ? T á˙â C Z and ř(x) ? exp(x 2 =4), x 2 R. Let B ? ? T 0 ? T 0 ř I(t)˙ I(r) r(jt ˙ rj) #18; #19; dt dr: For ®xed r , t, we consider the continuous F u -martingale de®ned by M u ? ? u 0 g t,r (s) r(jt ˙ rj) dW s , with quadratic... variation hMi u < ? T 0 g 2 t,r (s) r 2 (jt ˙ rj) ds < T 1˙â kZk 2 1 ? T á˙â î N â , for 0 < u < T. Set A ? fkZk 1 < K Z , î < C Z g. Note that on the set A we have hMi T < 1. Then E ř I(t)˙ I(r) r(jt ˙ rj) #18; #19; 1 A #20; #21; ? E exp M 2 T 4 #18; #19; 1...

  16. Study of Power Converter Topologies with Energy Recovery and grid power flow control. Part A: 2-quadrant converter with energy storage.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maestri, S; Uicich, G; Benedetti, M; Le Godec, G; Papastergiou, K

    2015-01-01

    In the framework of a Transfer line (TT2) Consolidation Programme, a number of studies on Energy cycling have been commissioned. Part of this work involves the study of different power electronic system topologies for magnet energy recovery [1{5]. In this report, the use of a two-quadrant (2Q) regulator connected to the DC link of a 4-quadrant magnet supply is analysed. The key objective of the study is to find control strategies that result in the control of the peak power required from the power network as well as to recover the magnet energy into capacitor banks with controlled voltage fluctuation. The study comprises the modelling of the system by means of the method of state averaging and the development of regulation strategies to energy management. The proposed control strategies can be divided in two groups: in the first group, the magnet current is used to dene the reference for the control system, while in the second group this current is considered as a perturbation and some strategies are devised ...

  17. Security Informatics Research Challenges for Mitigating Cyber Friendly Fire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carroll, Thomas E.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Roberts, Adam D.

    2014-09-30

    This paper addresses cognitive implications and research needs surrounding the problem of cyber friendly re (FF). We dene cyber FF as intentional o*ensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission e*ectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. We describe examples of cyber FF and discuss how it ts within a general conceptual framework for cyber security failures. Because it involves human failure, cyber FF may be considered to belong to a sub-class of cyber security failures characterized as unintentional insider threats. Cyber FF is closely related to combat friendly re in that maintaining situation awareness (SA) is paramount to avoiding unintended consequences. Cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system and its nodes, the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive and o*ensive countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. We describe a test bed designed to support empirical research on factors a*ecting cyber FF. Finally, we discuss mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF, including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches.

  18. Correlation of Creep Behavior of Domal Salts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.

    1999-02-16

    The experimentally determined creep responses of a number of domal salts have been reported in, the literature. Some of these creep results were obtained using standard (conventional) creep tests. However, more typically, the creep data have come from multistage creep tests, where the number of specimens available for testing was small. An incremental test uses abrupt changes in stress and temperature to produce several time increments (stages) of different creep conditions. Clearly, the ability to analyze these limited data and to correlate them with each other could be of considerable potential value in establishing the mechanical characteristics of salt domes, both generally and specifically. In any analysis, it is necessary to have a framework of rules to provide consistency. The basis for the framework is the Multimechanism-Deformation (M-D) constitutive model. This model utilizes considerable general knowledge of material creep deformation to supplement specific knowledge of the material response of salt. Because the creep of salt is controlled by just a few micromechanical mechanisms, regardless of the origin of the salt, certain of the material parameters are values that can be considered universal to salt. Actual data analysis utilizes the methodology developed for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) program, and the response of a bedded pure WIPP salt as the baseline for comparison of the domal salts. Creep data from Weeks Island, Bryan Mound, West Hackberry, Bayou Choctaw, and Big Hill salt domes, which are all sites of Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) storage caverns, were analyzed, as were data from the Avery Island, Moss Bluff, and Jennings salt domes. The analysis permits the parameter value sets for the domal salts to be determined in terms of the M-D model with various degrees of completeness. In turn this permits detailed numerical calculations simulating cavern response. Where the set is incomplete because of the sparse database, reasonable assumptions permit the set to be completed. From the analysis, two distinct response groups were evident, with the salts of one group measurably more creep resistant than the other group. Interestingly, these groups correspond well with the indirectly determined creep closure of the SPR storage caverns, a correlation that probably should be expected. Certainly, the results suggest a simple laboratory determination of the creep characteristics of a salt material from a dome site can indicate the relative behavior of any potential cavern placed within that dome.

  19. Tracking Provenance in ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hensley, Zachary P; Sanyal, Jibonananda; New, Joshua Ryan

    2013-08-01

    Provenance is dened as information about the origin of objects, a concept that applies to both physical and digital objects and often overlaps both. The use of provenance in systems designed for research is an important but forgotten feature. Provenance allows for proper and exact tracking of information, its use, its lineage, its derivations and other metadata that are important for correctly adhering to the scien- tic method. In our project's prescribed use of provenance, researchers can determine detailed information about the use of sensor data in their experiments on ORNL's Flexible Research Platforms (FRPs). Our project's provenance system, Provenance Data Management System (ProvDMS), tracks information starting with the creation of information by an FRP sensor. The system determines station information, sensor information, and sensor channel information. The system allows researchers to derive generations of experiments from the sensor data and tracks their hierarchical flow. Key points can be seen in the history of the information as part of the information's workflow. The concept of provenance and its usage in science is relatively new and while used in other cases around the world, our project's provenance diers in a key area. To keep track of provenance, most systems must be designed or redesigned around the new provenance system. Our system is designed as a cohesive but sepa- rate entity and allows for researchers to continue using their own methods of analysis without being constrained in their ways in order to track the provenance. We have designed ProvDMS using a lightweight provenance library, Core Provenance Library (CPL) v.6 In addition to keeping track of sensor data experiments and its provenance, ProvDMS also provides a web-enabled visualization of the inheritance.