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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic alcohols studies Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcohols studies Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aliphatic alcohols studies Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Electron...

2

Drinking Drivers in Sweden Who Consume Denatured Alcohol Preparations: An Analytical-Toxicological Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of analyzing alcohol increases with the concentrationof...100-500 mg/L in red wine, whisky, and fruit...in the blood therefore increases under these conditions...system, and strong beer, wines, and spirits can only...Economic Control of Quality of the Manufac- tured......

A.W. Jones; Monica Lund; Eva Andersson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Evidence of Aliphatics in Nascent Soot Particles in Premixed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Aliphatics in Nascent Soot Particles in Premixed Ethylene Flames. Evidence of Aliphatics in Nascent Soot Particles in Premixed Ethylene Flames. Abstract: Chemical composition of...

4

Modeling the oxyethylation of primary aliphatic alcohols by ethylene oxide  

SciTech Connect

From the point of view of safety and the production of the narrowest distribution of oxyethyl groups it is advantageous to use an idealdisplacement tube reactor for continuous oxyethylation under pressure. For the process under consideration here, a high-capacity, ideal-displacement reactor has the difficulty of removing the reaction heat, so that a precise choice of tube diameter is required. Based on kinetic data obtained at the D.I. Mendeleev Moscow Chemical Technology Institute for the oxyethylation of PAA by ethylene oxide, a mathematical model has been developed and is presented here of an ideal-displacement ethoxylation reactor, the suitability of which has been tested on an oxyethylation pilot plant.

Panaev, Y.D.; Latyshev, I.E.; Ternovskii, S.A.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic dicarboxylate ligands Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with increasing n. However, the frequencies of aliphatic dicarboxylate dianions in bulk... . Identification of C3-C10 Aliphatic Dicarboxylic-Acids in Airborne Particulate...

6

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic primary amines Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: aliphatic primary amines Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ELSEVIER Marine Chemistry 51 (1995) 45-54 Aliphatic amines in Chesapeake Bay sediments Summary: ELSEVIER...

7

Aliphatic Polyester Block Polymers: Renewable, Degradable, and Sustainable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aliphatic Polyester Block Polymers: Renewable, Degradable, and Sustainable ... Yet, such polymers are “challenged” with respect to sustainability. ... The Earth harbors finite carbon-based feedstocks that are being rapidly depleted by our increasing energy demand. ...

Marc A. Hillmyer; William B. Tolman

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

8

Alcohol Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different forms of alcohol have different functions: as part of cleaners, fuel, medicine, etc. Worldwide the substance is well known as a component of different alcoholic beverages. These beverages differ no...

Gundula Barsch

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Aerobic microorganism for the degradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon-degrading microorganism, having American Type Culture Collection accession numbers ATCC 53570 and 53571, in a biologically pure culture aseptically collected from a deep subsurface habitat and enhanced, mineralizes trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene to HCl, H.sub.2 O and Co.sub.2 under aerobic conditions stimulated by methane, acetate, methanol, tryptone-yeast extract, propane and propane-methane.

Fliermans, Carl B. (Augusta, GA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Synthesis Gas Conversion to Aliphatic Alcohols: Study of MoS2 catalytic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by sulfidation of ammonium thiomolybate and acetate salts of co-promoters. Several catalyst formulations were prepared by calcination, followed by doping with alkali promoters. Solid state modifications were made in some cases to dilute the active MoS2 material...

Baksh, Faisal

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic amines extraction Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 37 Exploratory Studies on Fast Pyrolysis Oil Upgrading Summary: using Aliphatic Tertiary Amines... -1 Acetic Acid Recovery from Fast...

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic chains affects Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C-O-S, carbonyl C... aliphatic C-C-H groups was nearly constant at each sampling platform, with the Twin Otter samples having... phase oxidation of volatile compounds. The...

13

Reductive dechlorination of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons by Fe(ii) in degradative solidification/stabilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the applicability of the iron-based degradative solidification/stabilization (DS/S-Fe(II)) to various chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) that are common chemicals of concern at contaminated sites. The research...

Jung, Bahng Mi

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

14

Occurrence of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons in Water, Suspended Particulate Matter and Sediments of Daliao River System, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In August of 2005 a study was carried out to evaluate contamination of aliphatic hydrocarbons(AHc) in water, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments...?1 in surface water, from 22.68 to 5,725.36...?1 in ...

W. Guo; M. C. He; Z. F. Yang; C. Y. Lin…

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Strategies for denaturing the weapons-grade plutonium stockpile  

SciTech Connect

In the next few years, approximately 50 metric tons of weapons-grade plutonium and 150 metric tons of highly-enriched uranium (HEU) may be removed from nuclear weapons in the US and declared excess. These materials represent a significant energy resource that could substantially contribute to our national energy requirements. HEU can be used as fuel in naval reactors, or diluted with depleted uranium for use as fuel in commercial reactors. This paper proposes to use the weapons-grade plutonium as fuel in light water reactors. The first such reactor would demonstrate the dual objectives of producing electrical power and denaturing the plutonium to prevent use in nuclear weapons.

Buckner, M.R.; Parks, P.B.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A DATA-DRIVEN, SYSTEMATIC SEARCH ALGORITHM FOR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF DENATURED OR DISORDERED PROTEINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laboratory-denatured and natively-disordered proteins, the number of restraints measured by the current NMR denatured and disordered proteins, we formulate the structure determination problem as the computation proteins are disordered or partially- disordered in their native state in solution. Such natively

Richardson, David

17

Process for removing halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds from petroleum products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for removing halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds, e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls, from petroleum products by solvent extraction. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds are extracted from a petroleum product into a polar solvent by contacting the petroleum product with the polar solvent. The polar solvent is characterized by a high solubility for the extracted halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds, a low solubility for the petroleum product and considerable solvent power for polyhydroxy compound. The preferred polar solvent is dimethylformamide. A miscible compound, such as, water or a polyhydroxy compound, is added to the polar extraction solvent to increase the polarity of the polar extraction solvent. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds are extracted from the highly-polarized mixture of water or polyhydroxy compound and polar extraction solvent into a low polar or nonpolar solvent by contacting the water or polyhydroxy compound-polar solvent mixture with the low polar or nonpolar solvent. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds and the low polar or nonpolar solvent are separated by physical means, e.g., vacuum evaporation. The polar and nonpolar solvents are recovered from recycling. The process can easily be designed for continuous operation. Advantages of the process include that the polar solvent and a major portion of the nonpolar solvent can be recycled, the petroleum products are reclaimable and the cost for disposing of waste containing polychlorinated biphenyls is significantly reduced. 1 fig.

Googin, J.M.; Napier, J.M.; Travaglini, M.A.

1983-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series 68. Halogenated Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Compounds C3C14 With Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series 68. Halogenated Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Compounds C3­C14 With Water 16, 1999 This volume covers the solubilities of halogenated aliphatic C3­C14 compounds with water, heavy water, and electrolyte solutions. All data were critically examined for their reliability and best

Magee, Joseph W.

19

EN MIKROKALORIMETRISK UNDERSØGELSE AF SOLUTTERS EFFEKT PÅ DEN TERMISK INDUCEREDE, IRREVERSIBLE DENATURERING AF BACILLUS HALMAPALUS ?-AMYLASE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I dette studie er den termisk inducerede irreversible denaturering af rekombinant Bacillus halmapalus ?-amylase (BHA) under tilstedeværelsen af varierende koncentrationer af sorbitol, glycerol, betain, (NH4)2SO4,… (more)

Lund, Henrik

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Single-molecule denaturation and degradation of proteins by the AAA+ ClpXP protease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ClpXP is an ATP-fueled molecular machine that unfolds and degrades target proteins. ClpX, an AAA+ enzyme, recognizes specific proteins, and then uses cycles of ATP hydrolysis to denature any native structure and to translocate ...

Shin, Yongdae

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Furfuryl alcohol cellular product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Self-extinguishing rigid foam products are formed by polymerization of furfuryl alcohol in the presence of a lightweight, particulate, filler, zinc chloride and selected catalysts.

Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

1982-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

22

Aliphatic thioether polymers as novel cathode active materials for rechargeable lithium battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two aliphatic thioether polymers, poly[methanetetryl-tetra(thiomethylene)] (PMTTM) and poly(2,4-dithiopentanylene) (PDTP) were designed, synthesized, characterized and tested as cathode active materials. The chemical structure of polymers was confirmed by FT-IR, FT-Raman, and XPS spectral analysis. Both polymers were found to have electrochemical activity as cathode materials for rechargeable lithium battery by the electrochemical tests. The specific capacity of PMTTM was 504 mA h g?1 at the third cycle and faded to 200 mA h g?1 after 10 cycles; PDTP showed low and stable specific capacity around 100 mA h g?1 even after 50 cycles. The specific capacity of fully saturated aliphatic thioether polymers demonstrated that thioether bonds offered energy storage. It was proposed that thioether bond was oxidized to form thioether cations with the help of ether solvents.

Jingyu Zhang; Lingbo Kong; Lizhi Zhan; Jing Tang; Hui Zhan; Yunhong Zhou; Caimao Zhan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Scope for denaturizing weapons-grade plutonium in a subcritical heavy-water blanket of candu type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following features occur in denaturing weapons plutonium by irradiating a mixture of plutonium and neptunium as oxides in a neutron flux: 1) ...

G. V. Kiselev; L. A. Myrtsymova

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming  

SciTech Connect

Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Alcohol | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alcohol Alcohol Dataset Summary Description The Energy Statistics Database contains comprehensive energy statistics on the production, trade, conversion and final consumption of primary and secondary; conventional and non-conventional; and new and renewable sources of energy. The Energy Statistics dataset, covering the period from 1990 on, is available at UNdata. This dataset relates to the consumption of alcohol by the transportation industry. Source United Nations (UN) Date Released December 09th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Agriculture Alcohol consumption transportation industry UN Data application/xml icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XML (xml, 95 KiB) text/csv icon UN Data: consumption by transportation industry XLS (csv, 21.6 KiB)

26

Observation of Solvent Penetration during Cold Denaturation of E. coli Phosphofructokinase-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observation of Solvent Penetration during Cold Denaturation of E. coli Phosphofructokinase-2 Ce; unexpectedly, amide exchange increased throughout the protein over time at 3 C. The rate of increase in amide exchange over time at 3 C was the same for each region and equaled the rate of dimer dissociation measured

Komives, Elizabeth A.

27

The thermal denaturation of DNA studied with neutron scattering Andrew Wildes,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal denaturation of DNA studied with neutron scattering Andrew Wildes,1 Nikos characterized using neutron scattering. A Bragg peak from B-form fibre DNA has been measured as a function techniques have proved to be excellent probes8 . We have used neutron scattering to measure the tem- perature

Boyer, Edmond

28

Process for removing halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds from petroleum products. [Polychlorinated biphenyls; methylene chloride; perchloroethylene; trichlorofluoroethane; trichloroethylene; chlorobenzene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for removing halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds, e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls, from petroleum products by solvent extraction. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds are extracted from a petroleum product into a polar solvent by contracting the petroleum product with the polar solvent. The polar solvent is characterized by a high solubility for the extracted halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds, a low solubility for the petroleum product and considerable solvent power for polyhydroxy compound. The preferred polar solvent is dimethylformamide. A miscible polyhydroxy compound, such as, water, is added to the polar extraction solvent to increase the polarity of the polar extraction solvent. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds are extracted from the highly-polarized mixture of polyhydroxy compound and polar extraction solvent into a low polar or nonpolar solvent by contacting the polyhydroxy compound-polar solvent mixture with the low polar or nonpolar solvent. The halogenated aliphatic and aromatic compounds in the low polar or nonpolar solvent by physical means, e.g., vacuum evaporation. The polar and nonpolar solvents are recovered for recycling. The process can easily be designed for continuous operation. Advantages of the process include that the polar solvent and a major portion of the nonpolar solvent can be recycled, the petroleum products are reclaimable and the cost for disposing of waste containing polychlorinated biphenyls is significantly reduced. 2 tables.

Googin, J.M.; Napier, J.M.; Travaglini, M.A.

1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Alcohol Poisoning Death in New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alcohol poisoning results from the rapid ingestion of large quantities of alcohol, which can lead to very high blood alcohol concentrations and death. In the past several years, the highly publicized alcohol-poisoning

unknown authors

30

Uranium-plutonium-neptunium fuel cycle to produce isotopically denatured plutonium  

SciTech Connect

In view of the considerable amount of /sup 237/ Np produced as a by-product in nuclear power reactors, possible utilization of this nuclide in the nuclear fuel cycle has been studied. In particular, the performance of a gas-cooled fast breeder reactor as a neptunium burner was assessed. A strategy was developed and mass flows were computed for a denatured plutonium LWR strategy using uranium, plutonium and neptunium recycling. 10 refs.

Wydler, P.; Heer, W.; Stiller, P.; Wenger, H.U.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Novel Ionophores with 2n-Crown-n Topology: Anion Sensing via Pure Aliphatic C–H···Anion Hydrogen Bonding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of novel coronands having a 2n-crown-n topology based on trioxane (6-crown-3) derivatives are designed and characterized. These neutral hosts can sense anions through pure aliphatic C–H hydrogen bonding (HB) in condensed phases due to the unusual ...

Genggongwo Shi; Changdev G. Gadhe; Sung-Woo Park; Kwang S. Kim; Jongmin Kang; Humaira Seema; N. Jiten Singh; Seung Joo Cho

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Spatial variations and chronologies of aliphatic hydrocarbons in Lake Michigan sediments.  

SciTech Connect

Four sediment cores were collected in fine-grained depositional areas of the southern basin of Lake Michigan. Spatial variations of aliphatic hydrocarbons in surficial sediments were consistent with a lakeward movement of riverine sediments in a series of resuspension-settling cycles in which an unresolved complex mixture (UCM) of hydrocarbons associated with dense sediments is deposited in nearshore areas, fine-grained sediments of terrestrial origin accumulate in the deep basin, and planktonic hydrocarbons are depleted by microbial degradation during transport to the deep basin. The rate of accumulation of the UCM (a marker of petroleum residues) in deep basin sediments has increased by more than an order of magnitude since 1880, from 60 {mu}g m{sup -2}{center_dot}a{sup -1} to approximately 960 {mu}g m{sup -2}{center_dot}a{sup -1} in 1980. Crude estimates of the atmospheric loading of the UCM (1100 {mu}g m{sup -2}{center_dot}a{sup -1}) indicate that accumulations in deep-basin sediments might be supported by atmospheric deposition. Agreement was poor between the atmospheric flux of the terrestrial n-alkanes ({Sigma}C{sub 25}, C{sub 27}, C{sub 29}, C{sub 31}) to the deep basin (3200 {mu}g m{sup -2}{center_dot}a{sup -1}) and the sediment accumulation rate (660 {mu}g m{sup -2}{center_dot}a{sup -1}). Understanding of atmospheric fluxes, estimated from the very few available data, would be improved by more frequent measurement of the levels of aliphatic hydrocarbons in air and precipitation and a better knowledge of the particle deposition velocities and precipitation scavenging coefficients.

Doskey, P. V.; Environmental Research

2001-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fuel alcohol opportunities for Indiana  

SciTech Connect

Prepared at the request of US Senator Birch Bayh, Chairman of the National Alcohol Fuels Commission, this study may be best utilized as a guidebook and resource manual to foster the development of a statewide fuel alcohol plan. It examines sectors in Indiana which will impact or be impacted upon by the fuel alcohol industry. The study describes fuel alcohol technologies that could be pertinent to Indiana and also looks closely at how such a fuel alcohol industry may affect the economic and policy development of the State. Finally, the study presents options for Indiana, taking into account the national context of the developing fuel alcohol industry which, unlike many others, will be highly decentralized and more under the control of the lifeblood of our society - the agricultural community.

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Alcohol Use, Comorbidity, and Mortality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with alcohol use: previous heart attack, previous stroke,and prior history of heart attack, stroke, hypertension, andNonsmoker Hypertension, % Heart attack, % Stroke, % Diabetes

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Alcohol policy process in Thailand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis describes and analyses the Thai alcohol policy process in the period 1997 - 2006, in order to investigate the characteristics and areas for… (more)

Thaksaphon, Thamarangsi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A comparison of the urea and guanidinium chloride denaturation of four proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-lactoglobulin was lyophilized and stored below 0 C. until used' 0 2. Ribonuclease. Ribonuclease (Lot No. 99B-8020) lghs obtained in the form of a lyophilized powder (Type III A) from Sigma Chemical Company. Bradbury and King (19) found that sulfate ions are bound to Sigma... significant error. Bradbury and King ( 39, 40) have studied the urea denaturation of lysozyme using NMR and found evidence for the presence of an intermediate state. They pro- posed that a hydrophobic core unfolds only after a more hydrophilic exterior...

Greene, Raymond Franklin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

The unusual hydrocarbon emission from the early carbon star HD 100764: The connection between aromatics and aliphatics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have used the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on the Spitzer Space Telescope to obtain spectra of HD 100764, an apparently single carbon star with a circumstellar disk. The spectrum shows emission features from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are shifted to longer wavelengths than normally seen, as characteristic of ``class C'' systems in the classification scheme of Peeters et al. All seven of the known class C PAH sources are illuminated by radiation fields that are cooler than those which typically excite PAH emission features. The observed wavelength shifts are consistent with hydrocarbon mixtures containing both aromatic and aliphatic bonds. We propose that the class C PAH spectra are distinctive because the carbonaceous material has not been subjected to a strong ultraviolet radiation field, allowing relatively fragile aliphatic materials to survive.

G. C. Sloan; M. Jura; W. W. Duley; K. E. Kraemer; J. Bernard-Salas; W. J. Forrest; B. Sargent; A. Li; D. J. Barry; C. J. Bohac; D. M. Watson; J. R. Houck

2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

38

Quantitative structure–activity relationships for toxicity and genotoxicity of halogenated aliphatic compounds: Wing spot test of Drosophila melanogaster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Halogenated aliphatic compounds were evaluated for toxic and genotoxic effects in the somatic mutation and recombination test employing Drosophila melanogaster. The tested chemicals included chlorinated, brominated and iodinated; mono-, di- and tri-substituted; saturated and unsaturated alkanes: 1,2-dibromoethane, 1-bromo-2-chloroethane, 1-iodopropane, 2,3-dichloropropene, 3-bromo-1-propene, epibromohydrin, 2-iodobutane, 3-chloro-2-methylpropene, 1,2,3-trichloropropane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichlorobutane, 1-chloro-2-methylpropane, 1,3-dichloropropane, 1,2-dichloropropane, 2-chloroethymethylether, 1-bromo-2-methylpropane and 1-chloropentane. N-methyl-N-nitrosourea served as the positive and distilled water as the negative control. The set of chemicals for the toxicological testing was selected by the use of statistical experiment design. Group of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons were generally more toxic than saturated analogues. The genotoxic effect was observed with 14 compounds in the wing spot test, while 3 substances did not show any genotoxicity by using the wing spot test at 50% lethal concentration. The highest number of wing spots was observed in genotoxicity assay with 1-bromo-2-chloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,2-dibromoethane and 1-iodopropane. Nucleophilic superdelocalizability calculated by quantum mechanics appears to be a good parameter for prediction of both toxicity and genotoxicity effects of halogenated aliphatic compounds.

Karel Chroust; Martina Pavlová; Zbyn?k Prokop; Jan Mendel; Kate?ina Božková; Zden?k Kubát; Veronika Zaj?´?ková; Ji??´ Damborský

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Plant observation report and evaluation, Pennwalt Corporation, secondary and tertiary aliphatic monoamines  

SciTech Connect

A site visit was made to the amine manufacturing facility of the Pennwalt Corporation, Wyandotte, Michigan, to evaluate the facility in regard to the Secondary and Tertiary Aliphatic Monoamines Criteria Document. A total of 21 people were directly in contact with the amine production process. Two to four of the maintenance personnel may also come in contact with the process. Maintenance workers ran the risk of exposure not only to primary, secondary and tertiary amine compounds, but also to several other chemicals being used in the process. The processes used to unload raw materials are described, along with reactor operations, decanter and recycling operations, distillation operations, product storage and shipping. Medical monitoring at the facility included chest x-ray, respiratory function tests, sight screening, urinalysis, and back x-rays. Restricted and potentially hazardous area signs were clearly posted. Employees wore hard hats and safety glasses on the job as well as gloves, rubber boots, face shields, goggles, and respirators as necessary. Emergency procedures are described, including fire protection. Sanitation and personal hygiene are discussed, along with monitoring of the workplace conditions.

Not Available

1980-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

40

Gene therapy in alcoholic rats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70 70 Sept. 9, 2001 Gene Therapy Reduces Drinking in "Alcoholic" Rats UPTON, NY - Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have shown that increasing the level of a brain protein important for transmitting pleasure signals can turn rats that prefer alcohol into light drinkers, and those with no preference into near teetotalers. The findings, published in the first September 2001 issue of the Journal of Neurochemistry (Vol. 78, No. 5), may have implications for the prevention and treatment of alcoholism in humans. "This is a preliminary study, but when you see a rat that chooses to drink 80 to 90 percent of its daily fluid as alcohol, and then three days later it's down to 20 percent, that's a dramatic drop in alcohol intake - a very clear change in behavior," said Panayotis Thanos, the lead researcher. "This gives us great hope that we can refine this treatment for future clinical use."

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The hydrophobic effect and its role in cold denaturation q Cristiano L. Dias a,*, Tapio Ala-Nissila b,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-called `intrinsi- cally disordered proteins' are known to be resistant against heat denaturation and experiments denaturation Proteins a b s t r a c t The hydrophobic effect is considered the main driving force for protein the native state of the protein loses its stability upon cooling, is also attributed to this effect

Grant, Martin

42

A novel copper(II)-Schiff base complex containing pyrrole ring: Synthesis, characterization and its modified electrodes applied in oxidation of aliphatic alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A novel copper(II)-Schiff base complex containing pyrrole ring: Synthesis, characterization 35042 Rennes Cedex, France. Abstract A new copper(II) complex Cu(II)-L containing N2O2 donor atoms has of copper acetate monohydrate. It was characterized by spectroscopic methods such as FT-IR, UV­vis, mass

Boyer, Edmond

43

Catalyst Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. Catalyst Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites. Abstract: Alcohol transformation to transportation fuel range hydrocarbon on...

44

Hello, my name is ____, and I'm an alcoholic: A study of organizational identification and commitment to Alcoholics Anonymous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vice (www.alcoholics- anonymous.org/ The alcoholic can recover, n.d.). This description of the dual components of alcoholism provides a glimpse into the difficulties alcoholics face, once they realize they have a drinking problem. A lifetime...

Hall, Dana Ferguson

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

Chemical and morphological characterization of soot and soot precursors generated in an inverse diffusion flame with aromatic and aliphatic fuels  

SciTech Connect

Knowledge of the chemical and physical structure of young soot and its precursors is very useful in understanding the paths leading to soot particle inception. This paper presents chemical and morphological characterization of the products generated in ethylene and benzene inverse diffusion flames (IDF) using different analytical techniques. The trend in the data indicates that the soot precursor material and soot particles generated in the benzene IDF have a higher degree of complexity than the samples obtained in the ethylene IDF, which is reflected by an increase in the aromaticity of the chloroform extracts observed by {sup 1}H NMR and FT-IR, and shape and size of soot particles obtained by TEM and HR-TEM. It is important to highlight that the soot precursor material obtained at the lower positions in the ethylene IDF has a significant contribution of aliphatic groups, which play an important role in the particle inception and mass growth processes during the early stages of soot formation. However, these groups progressively disappear in the samples taken at higher positions in the flame, due to thermal decomposition processes. (author)

Santamaria, Alexander; Mondragon, Fanor [Institute of Chemistry, University of Antioquia, AA 1226, Medellin (Colombia); Yang, Nancy [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551-0969 (United States); Eddings, Eric [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Sake City, UT 84112 (United States)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect

Development of catalysts and reactor systems for producing alcohol-based fuels from coal-derived synthesis gases is outlined. Also, utilization of alcohol-based fuels either as gasoline blending stocks at 10-20% addition rates or as straight-run fuels is discussed. (Refs. 4).

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via...

48

Thermochemical Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass Thermochemical Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of...

49

Application of sPC-SAFT-JC and sPC-SAFT-GV to Phase Equilibria Predictions of Alkane/Alcohol, Alcohol/Alcohol, and Water/Alcohol Binary Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of sPC-SAFT-JC and sPC-SAFT-GV to Phase Equilibria Predictions of Alkane/Alcohol, Alcohol/Alcohol, and Water/Alcohol Binary Systems ... This paper reports on the ability of sPC-SAFT extended with the polar terms of Gross and Vrabec (GV) and Jog and Chapman (JC) to predict the phase equilibria of alkane/alcohol, alcohol/alcohol, and water/alcohol binary systems. ... For these selected binary systems, the GV and JC polar terms deliver similar results when incorporated into sPC-SAFT. ...

Adriaan J. de Villiers; Cara E. Schwarz; Krasimir G. Chobanov; Andries J. Burger

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

50

Is alcohol more dangerous than heroin? The physical, social and financial costs of alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A recent paper claimed in its classification of harmful substances, that alcohol is more dangerous than heroin. This paper aims to weigh up some of the evidence in the literature on the physical, social and financial effects of alcohol and the associated disease burden. We will also explore alcohol within the context of emergency department (ED) presentations. Reasons for ED attendance can be overtly and directly alcohol related such as alcohol intoxication, assaults, injuries and falls and indirectly such as child neglect, psychological problems and chronic diseases. Alcohol is often viewed as an isolated incident or factor for ED presentations but there are data that refute this perception. In ED, the priority is to treat the patient and their primary complaint, however it may be appropriate to screen for alcohol use, give advice and potentially offer an intervention to the patient. With the recent UK and Australian guidelines on reducing health risks from drinking alcohol, the ED has the ability to play an active role in reducing the harmful effects of alcohol through screening, advising and undertaking intervention as appropriate. However this cannot be achieved in isolation but within the broader political and health policy framework. There is now a growing body of literature supporting the need to make alcohol less affordable, less easy to buy and reducing alcohol advertising. Although alcohol is a legal substance, this paper concludes that examining the wider effects in physical, social and financial terms, alcohol is more dangerous than heroin. It has become an endemic problem in society affecting the individual and the whole community.

Geraldine A. Lee; Marcus Forsythe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Third international symposium on alcohol fuels technology  

SciTech Connect

At the opening of the Symposium, Dr. Sharrah, Senior Vice President of Continental Oil Company, addressed the attendees, and his remarks are included in this volume. The Symposium was concluded by workshops which addressed specific topics. The topical titles are as follows: alcohol uses; production; environment and safety; and socio-economic. The workshops reflected a growing confidence among the attendees that the alcohols from coal, remote natural gas and biomass do offer alternatives to petroleum fuels. Further, they may, in the long run, prove to be equal or superior to the petroleum fuels when the aspects of performance, environment, health and safety are combined with the renewable aspect of the biomass derived alcohols. Although considerable activity in the production and use of alcohols is now appearing in many parts of the world, the absence of strong, broad scale assessment and support for these fuels by the United States Federal Government was a noted point of concern by the attendees. The environmental consequence of using alcohols continues to be more benign in general than the petroleum based fuels. The exception is the family of aldehydes. Although the aldehydes are easily suppressed by catalysts, it is important to understand their production in the combustion process. Progress is being made in this regard. Of course, the goal is to burn the alcohols so cleanly that catalytic equipment can be eliminated. Separate abstracts are prepared for the Energy Data Base for individual presentations.

none,

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols catalyst names Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

synthesized catalysts for alcohol synthesis. We focus on structural... the use of biogas to create alcohol for fuel. Higher alcohols ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. -...

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence results Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

With Deprivation and Summary: between age at onset of alcohol use and DSM-IV alcohol dependence: results of the National Longitudinal... at onset of alcohol use...

54

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol breath tests Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VERSUS SOPHISTICATED MODELS OF BREATH ALCOHOL Summary: Alcohol & Alcoholism, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 61-67, 1996 SIMPLE VERSUS SOPHISTICATED MODELS OF BREATH... -2420, USA,...

55

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol intoxication Sample Search...  

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to Alcohol Summary: "high" and "intoxication" during an intravenous (IV) alcohol infusion. Methods: Nine healthy control... (60 mg% 5 mg%) alcohol infusion. Numerical ratings...

56

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol effects Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

comply with all of the attached alcohol policies. Ticketed events serving alcohol must rent... that I have read and understood all policies, including the alcohol policy and I...

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage hormesis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

may approve the sale of alcohol on campus, only the Division of Alcoholic Beverages... . Advertising for any university event where alcoholic ... Source: Sura, Philip - Department...

58

Extended performance of alcohol fumigation in diesel engines through different multipoint alcohol injection timing cycles  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the results of using multipoint port injection alcohol fumigation of a four-cycle turbocharged diesel engine in which the fumigation injection cycle was varied. The three cycles, dual with one-half of the alcohol injection on each engine revolution, single with all of the alcohol injection during the open intake valve revolution, and single with all of the alcohol injected during the closed intake valve revolution, lead to significant differences in the engines pressure-volume history and alcohol energy replacement tolerance. The engine was fumigated with both industrial grade ethanol and methanol and complete performance and emissions data (excluding aldehydes) were measured at low, medium, and high values of BMEP and rpm.

Savage, L.D.; White, R.A.; Cole, S.; Pritchett, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation ... The production of alcohol from corn lends itself well to illustrating the practical applications of scientific principles that deal with energy transformations and inefficiencies. ...

Thomas E. Van Koevering; Michael D. Morgan; Thomas J. Younk

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The effects of alcohol use on zinc status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alcohol consumption has been shown to have adverse affects on bone growth and maintenance, although the mechanism has not been elucidated. The objective of this research was to look at the relationship between zinc and alcohol as a possible...

Chapman, Lisa Louise

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine...

62

Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions with Ethanol (Alcohol)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ethanol (alcohol) is one of the most widely used legal drugs in the world. Ethanol is metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) ... lead to a clinically significant pharmacokinetic interaction with ethanol, whic...

Lingtak-Neander Chan; Gail D. Anderson

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

An explanation for enhanced perceptions of attractiveness after alcohol consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An explanation for enhanced perceptions of attractiveness after alcohol consumption L.G. Halseya alcohol consumption increases ratings of attractiveness to faces. This may help to explain increased attraction may be the result of alcohol consumption decreasing ability to detect bilateral asymmetry

Little, Tony

64

Alcohol synthesis from CO or CO.sub.2  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for producing alcohols from CO or CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2 utilizing a palladium-zinc on alumina catalyst are described. Methods of synthesizing alcohols over various catalysts in microchannels are also described. Ethanol, higher alcohols, and other C.sub.2+ oxygenates can produced utilizing Rh--Mn or a Fisher-Tropsch catalyst.

Hu, Jianli [Kennewick, WA; Dagle, Robert A [Richland, WA; Holladay, Jamelyn D [Kennewick, WA; Cao, Chunshe [Houston, TX; Wang, Yong [Richland, WA; White, James F [Richland, WA; Elliott, Douglas C [Richland, WA; Stevens, Don J [Richland, WA

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

65

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Definitions of Terms Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 The definitions listed below are for common words/phrases used in the alcohol and drug testing procedures. Accident - An occurrence associated

Meyers, Steven D.

66

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing for Jobs Requiring CDL Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 · Report for duty or remain on duty requiring-accident testing is required, or until he/she undergoes a post-accident alcohol test, whichever occurs first

Meyers, Steven D.

67

The Employee Stress and Alcohol Project: The development of a computer-based alcohol abuse prevention program for employees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Employee Stress and Alcohol Project (ESAP) developed an interactive computer-based alcohol abuse prevention and early intervention program accessible to employees over the Internet. Behavioral health research...

Robert A. Matano Ph.D.…

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol ethyl alcohol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By The University of Texas at Arlington Police Department... 817-272-3381 Tips for Young Adults: The Truth about Alcohol If you are the victim of a crime on the U... . One...

69

REQUEST FORM PERMISSION TO SERVE ALCOHOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Celebrations held off-site during lunch or other working hours should be strongly discouraged for reasons both of safety and loss of productivity. Employees who consume alcohol during any off-site luncheon or event shall not return to work the same day. If circumstances make it necessary to schedule off-site events

70

Marketing of Unhealthy Foods, Beverages, and Alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of other channels (movies, internet, billboards) shows similar exposure levels for youth Many new marketing is it located, what does it advertise and how is it related to intentions and use among young adolescents and driving Risky sexual behaviors Violent or deviant behaviors Alcohol abuse or dependence in both

Illinois at Chicago, University of

71

Size exclusion chromatography for the unambiguous detection of aliphatics in fractions from petroleum vacuum residues, coal liquids, and standard materials, in the presence of aromatics  

SciTech Connect

A method has been developed using size exclusion chromatography (SEC) in heptane eluent that can detect aliphatics unambiguously without fractionation to remove aromatics. Spherical molecules such as colloidal silicas elute at the exclusion limit, while alkanes up to C{sub 50} elute through the porosity of the column. Detection of aliphatics was defined by use of an evaporative light scattering (ELS) detector with the simultaneous absence of UV absorbance at 300 nm. Alkanes smaller than C{sub 12} were not detected because the conditions of operation of the ELS caused their evaporation. All aromatics eluted after the permeation limit of about 25 min and were not detected until well after 45 min by their UV absorbance. The SEC method was applied to petroleum vacuum residues and coal liquids, and their fractions were soluble in pentane or heptane. High-temperature (HT) GC-MS confirmed the presence of alkanes in the pentane- and heptane-soluble fractions of petroleum vacuum residues, but did not elute any of the aromatics known to be present from SEC. Alkanes were examined in pentane-soluble fractions of a coal digest and a low-temperature coal tar; alkanes up to C{sub 40} were detected in the low-temperature tar and, although present in the digest, were masked by aromatics. No alkanes were detected by either SEC or HT GC-MS in fractions from a coal tar pitch. Aromatics in coal liquids and one petroleum residue were also examined by SEC using NMP as eluent and by UV fluorescence spectroscopy. The SEC method will find application to pentane- and heptane-soluble fractions of petroleum liquids and coal liquids where the alkanes are concentrated relative to the more abundant aromatics. 43 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Eiman M. Al-Muhareb; Fatma Karaca; Trevor J. Morgan; Alan A. Herod; Ian D. Bull; Rafael Kandiyoti [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Department of Chemical Engineering

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes results of a research program which was undertaken to find the most advantageous method of using methanol in gasoline blends. It is demonstrated that a mixture called methanol and C/sub 2/C/sub 6/ saturated alcohols, called Alkanol fuel, has the potential for providing a gasoline-blending stock superior to that of straight-run methanol or ethanol. Extensive property data and test results are tabulated, plotted, and discussed. Economic considerations are included. 4 refs.

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Dry dig: Ethics and alcohol in Middle Eastern archaeological practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARTICLE DRY DIG ETHICS AND ALCOHOL IN MIDDLE EASTERNhad encountered discussions of ethics, archaeology, andtower discussions regarding ethics and archaeology can ring

Porter, Benjamin W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Catalytic distillation for the synthesis of tertiary butyl alcohol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Catalytic Distillation for the synthesis of tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) is investigated in this thesis. The solvent, ethylene glycol, is proposed as a means of… (more)

Safinski, Tomasz

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Methods Andrew Ickes & Thomas Wallner Argonne National Laboratory 17 th Directions in...

76

HD Applications of Significantly Downsized SI Engines Using Alcohol...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

SI Engines Using Alcohol DI for Knock Avoidance Direct injection of a second fuel (ethanol or methanol) is explored as a means of avoiding knock in turbocharged,...

77

Hispanics, Blacks and Whites driving under the influence of alcohol: results from the 1995 National Alcohol Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To report nationwide survey data on patterns of driving under the influence of alcohol among Whites, Blacks and Hispanics. Method: Data were obtained from a probability sample consisting of 1582 Blacks, 1585 Hispanics and 1636 Whites in the US household population. Interviews averaging 1 h in length were conducted in respondents’ homes by trained interviewers. Results: Self-reported rates of driving a car after having drunk enough ‘to be in trouble if stopped by the police’ were highest among White and Hispanic men (22 and 21%, respectively), as were lifetime arrest rates for driving under the influence of alcohol (13% for White men, 19% for Hispanic men). Additionally, our analyses suggest that drinkers who drive under the influence of alcohol are more likely to be men (regardless of ethnicity), consume more alcohol, and be alcohol dependent than drinkers who do not engage in alcohol-impaired driving.

Raul Caetano; Catherine L Clark

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Effect of the type of carrier on the properties of cobalt catalysts in the synthesis of aliphatic hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

The properties of catalysts used in the synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO and H/sub 2/ are determined to a significant degree by the carriers used in their preparation. This paper deals with a study of the effect of the type of carrier on the properties of cobalt-based catalysts in the synthesis of aliphatic hydrocarbons from CO and H/sub 2/. Co catalysts that are active in the synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO and H/sub 2/ are those on which the adsorption of H/sub 2/ exceeds 3.10/sup -2/ mmole/g Co and the adsorptin of carbon monoxide exceeds 7.10/sup -2/ mmole/g Co. Carbon monoxide and hydrogen are adsorbed on active catalysts in weakly bound forms. A mechanism is proposed for the formatin of an active center and the adsorption of carbon monoxide on Co-catalysts which includes the appearance of a partial positive charge on the cobalt atom.

Lapidus, A.L.; Jem, H.C.; Krylova, A.Y.

1983-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

79

Liver proteomics in progressive alcoholic steatosis  

SciTech Connect

Fatty liver is an early stage of alcoholic and nonalcoholic liver disease (ALD and NALD) that progresses to steatohepatitis and other irreversible conditions. In this study, we identified proteins that were differentially expressed in the livers of rats fed 5% ethanol in a Lieber–DeCarli diet daily for 1 and 3 months by discovery proteomics (two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry) and non-parametric modeling (Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines). Hepatic fatty infiltration was significantly higher in ethanol-fed animals as compared to controls, and more pronounced at 3 months of ethanol feeding. Discovery proteomics identified changes in the expression of proteins involved in alcohol, lipid, and amino acid metabolism after ethanol feeding. At 1 and 3 months, 12 and 15 different proteins were differentially expressed. Of the identified proteins, down regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase (? 1.6) at 1 month and up regulation of aldehyde dehydrogenase (2.1) at 3 months could be a protective/adaptive mechanism against ethanol toxicity. In addition, betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 2 a protein responsible for methionine metabolism and previously implicated in fatty liver development was significantly up regulated (1.4) at ethanol-induced fatty liver stage (1 month) while peroxiredoxin-1 was down regulated (? 1.5) at late fatty liver stage (3 months). Nonparametric analysis of the protein spots yielded fewer proteins and narrowed the list of possible markers and identified D-dopachrome tautomerase (? 1.7, at 3 months) as a possible marker for ethanol-induced early steatohepatitis. The observed differential regulation of proteins have potential to serve as biomarker signature for the detection of steatosis and its progression to steatohepatitis once validated in plasma/serum. -- Graphical abstract: The figure shows the Hierarchial cluster analysis of differentially expressed protein spots obtained after ethanol feeding for 1 (1–3) and 3 (4–6) months. C and E represent pair-fed control and ethanol-fed rats, respectively. Highlights: ? Proteins related to ethanol-induced steatosis and mild steatohepatitis are identified. ? ADH1C and ALDH2 involved in alcohol metabolism are differentially expressed at 1 and 3 months. ? Discovery proteomics identified a group of proteins to serve as potential biomarkers. ? Using nonparametric analysis DDT is identified as a possible marker for liver damage.

Fernando, Harshica [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Wiktorowicz, John E.; Soman, Kizhake V. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Kaphalia, Bhupendra S.; Khan, M. Firoze [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Shakeel Ansari, G.A., E-mail: sansari@utmb.edu [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Extent of Alcohol Consumption among Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: The British Childhood Cancer Survivor Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4). Alcohol consumption could exacerbate...6). Alcohol consumption has been investigated...brew or make at home? Current alcohol...estimate their average weekly consumption in units (1 unit...health, pain, and energy/vitality. Using...

Clare Frobisher; Emma R. Lancashire; Raoul C. Reulen; David L. Winter; Michael C.G. Stevens; and Michael M. Hawkins

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Stress, Risk Taking, Alcohol/Drugs, and Parents as Partners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

college � Particular Interests Alcohol and other drug abuse Prescription stimulant abuse Marijuana, bronchitis, Strep throat 9.0% Internet use/computer games 17.3% Finances 8.9% Depression 16.3% Alcohol use 8 other students are doing #12;Parents Still Matter! � In adolescents and young adults, shift

Stowell, Michael

82

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of Human Resources Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Summary of Program Responsibilities Employee Relations/Alcohol & Drug Testing (CDL) Questions: (813) 974-2970 Rev. 12/2008 · Report for duty for eight hours following an accident or until undergoing a post-accident test. · Report for duty or remain

Meyers, Steven D.

83

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption city Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption city Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University Student Alcohol Policy...

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol restrictions reduse Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events, or Groups had age restrictions.9 Alcohol companies... on Metro trains and buses, there are no restrictions on the placement of alcohol ads on...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis catalysts Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

synthesized catalysts for alcohol synthesis. We focus on structural... the use of biogas to create alcohol for ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. - Department of Materials...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols quarterly technical Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Denmark, Fysikvej, Building 307, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark. The development... the use of biogas to create alcohol for fuel. Higher alcohols are favorable due to their high energy...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking study Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Costs of the Problem >20% of Americans drink at levels that exceed... billion annually in lost productivity, absenteeism 12;What Are Alcoholism and Problem Drinking? Alcoholic......

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependent patients Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

memory deficits and executive dysfunctions in alcoholic Summary: , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence (American ). Patients had no history of other...

89

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse model Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

90

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abusing runaway Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence implicates Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

million individuals meet criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence... , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence severity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcohol dependence, drug addiction, craving, consumption (BMI... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse associations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Summary: ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal... ...

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence patients Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

memory deficits and executive dysfunctions in alcoholic Summary: , according to the DSM IV criteria of alcohol dependence (American ). Patients had no history of other...

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence evidence Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcohol dependence, drug addiction, craving, consumption (BMI... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure related Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of thousands of alcohol-related... , Gordon, R, Hastings, G, "Impact of Alcohol Advertising and Media Exposure on ... Source: Yorke, James - Institute for Physical Science and...

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics ; Engineering 10 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking individuals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

higher blood alcohol levels than heavier individuals, and are at higher risk... alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking behaviors Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics ; Materials Science 3 brainfunction How Much Alcohol Summary: alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - amino propargylic alcohols Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and aryl propargyl alcohols7 using our rhenium-catalyzed propargylic substitu- tion reaction.5 Avoiding... ) to propargylic alcohol 4 ... Source: Holman, Theodore -...

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol pendant groups Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pendant groups Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol pendant groups Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Alcohol Use Policy The...

103

Drug-Alcohol Flush Reaction and Breath Acetaldehyde Concentration: No Interference with an Infrared Breath Alcohol Analyzer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......absorptiometry and absorbs IR energy at a wavelength...lntoxilyzerdevice were, on the average, less than those...00 mg/L the average Intoxilyzer readings...defense against over-consumption of alcohol. The...References 1. Home Office Report on...crease alcohol consumption. New Eng/. J......

A.W. Jones

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Disintegration of Charged Liquid Jets: Results with Isopropyl Alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Disintegration of Charged Liquid Jets: Results with Isopropyl Alcohol 10.1126/science.168.3927.118 A. L. Huebner Rocketdyne Division of North American Rockwaell Corporation 6633 Canogoa A venue, Canoga Park, Colifornia 91304 Disintegration processes...

A. L. Huebner

1970-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

105

Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

oxygen vacancy defects. For alcohols, it is well-established that their dissociation on bridge-bonded oxygen vacancies (BBOV’s) of a prototypical TiO2(110) surface proceeds...

106

Zymomonas mobilis Mutants with an Increased Rate of Alcohol Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 Received...retention of higher rates of ethanol production...beverages and fuel, variations...maintenance of higher rates of glycolysis...Department of Energy, Office of...Agriculture, Alcohol Fuels Program. We...

Y. A. Osman; L. O. Ingram

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Detection of Physiologically Relevant Alcohol Concentrations Using Raman Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is the first step in a series of studies to test the feasibility of using Raman Spectroscopy (RS) to non-invasively detect physiologically relevant blood alcohol concentrations. Blood tests, urine tests, and the breathalyzer are currently...

McKay, Joshua L.

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

108

The effects of alcohol and aspirin on neonatal brain development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solution that contained no alcohol. Body weights were measured daily, and forebrain, cerebellum, and brainstem weights were measured on PD 9. Forebrain, cerebellum, and brainstem weight to body weight ratios were calculated, and a significant effect...

Beshear, Myra Dawn

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

Patterns of role-impairment among alcoholic workers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

behavior of alcoholic workers. Five dimensions of work behavior were examined with respect to possible modes of role impairment: work efficiency; absenteeism; cover-up practices; job turn-over; and. lost-time accident rates. The data were obtained from... in general No relationship between alcoholism and lost- time accidents was found. Three factors which may explain the low rate of accidents among problem drinkers were identified: (l) most respondents reported that there was little possibility of having...

Goldstein, Carolyn Lesley Klein

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Alcohol effects on navigational ability using ship handling simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, to examine the drinking status of officers on board multiple choice questionnaires were circularized under instruction and surveyed for 118 officers. Also, with a ship handling simulator, the effect of alcohol on maritime navigational performance is studied for the three blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) levels (0.0%, 0.05% and 0.08%). The eight participants were volunteer deck officer cadets in their senior year, at least 22 years of age, with previous experience on a bridge simulator. Additional experiments were done on maritime pilots. For baseline and performance trials, participants were randomized to one of four bridge simulator scenarios according to the current and the direction of the wind. In order to study the effects of alcohol on maritime navigational ability, (1) bio-signals using electrocardiogram (ECG), (2) performance using a simulator, and (3) mental workload using NASA-TLX were measured. As a result, this study found that alcohol intake significantly impairs the physical and mental ability of the ship operator. In particular, alcohol intake was found to have a direct correlation with changes in bio-signals such as heart rate not to mention simulator performance. In addition, alcohol intake increased mental workload according to the subjective mental workload evaluation undertaken by the test subject. The result of the analysis in this study includes the limited quantitative measure of the effects of alcohol, which is a major cause of operator fatigue. Relevance to Industry The alcohol effects on navigational ability and the frequency of drunken navigation are one of important interests in the maritime industry.

Hongtae Kim; Chan-Su Yang; Bong-Wang Lee; Young-Hoon Yang; Seoungkweon Hong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Flash photolysis resonance fluorescence investigation of the gas-phase reactions of OH radicals with a series of aliphatic ketones over the temperature range 240-440 K  

SciTech Connect

Absolute rate constants have been determined for the gas-phase reactions of OH radicals with a series of aliphatic ketones by the flash photolysis resonance fluorescence measurement technique. Experiments were performed over the temperature range 240-440 K at total pressures (using Ar diluent gas) between 25 and 50 Torr. The rate constant data for acetone (k/sub 1/), 2-butanone (k/sub 2/), and 3-pentanone (k/sub 3/) were used to derive the Arrhenius expressions k/sub 1/ = (1.7 +/- 0.4) x 10/sup -12/ exp(-(600 +/- 75)/T) cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/, k/sub 2/ = (2.3 +/- 1.1) x 10/sup -12/ exp(-170 +/- 120)/T) cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/, and k/sub 3/ = (2.8 +/- 0.3) x 10/sup -12/ exp(10 +/- 35)/T) cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/. At 296 K, the measured rate constants (in units of 10/sup -13/ cm/sup 3/ molecule/sup -1/ s/sup -1/) were k/sub 1/ = 2.16 +/- 0.16, k/sub 2/ = 11.5 +/- 1.0, and k/sub 3/ = 27.4 +/- 1.3. Room temperature rate constants for the reaction of OH radicals with a number of other 2-ketones were also determined. These were (in the above units) 3,3-dimethyl-2-butanone (12.1 +/- 0.5), 2-pentanone (40.0 +/- 2.9), 2-hexanone (66.4 +/- 5.6), 2-heptanone (86.7 +/- 8.4reverse arrow, 2-octanone (110 +/- 9), 2-nonanone (122 +/- 13), and 2-decanone (132 +/- 12). The error limits represent 2 standard deviations (from the least-squares analysis); the authors estimate that an additional 5% uncertainty should be added to account for possible systematic error in the measurements. These results are discussed in terms of reactivity trends for C-H bonds located in the ..cap alpha.., ..beta.., and ..gamma.. positions with respect to the carbonyl group.

Wallington, T.J.; Kurylo, M.J.

1987-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Geothermal source potential and utilization for alcohol production  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to assess the technical and economic feasibility of using a potential geothermal source to drive a fuel grade alcohol plant. Test data from the well at the site indicated that the water temperature at approximately 8500 feet should approach 275/sup 0/F. However, no flow data was available, and so the volume of hot water that can be expected from a well at this site is unknown. Using the available data, numerous fuel alcohol production processes and various heat utilization schemes were investigated to determine the most cost effective system for using the geothermal resource. The study found the direct application of hot water for alcohol production based on atmospheric processes using low pressure steam to be most cost effective. The geothermal flow rates were determined for various sizes of alcohol production facility using 275/sup 0/F water, 235/sup 0/F maximum processing temperature, 31,000 and 53,000 Btu per gallon energy requirements, and appropriate process approach temperatures. It was determined that a 3 million gpy alcohol plant is the largest facility that can practically be powered by the flow from one large geothermal well. An order-of-magnitude cost estimate was prepared, operating costs were calculated, the economic feasibility of the propsed project was examined, and a sensitivity analysis was performed.

Austin, J.C.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Production Oxygenate Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Captive Refinery Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities located within or adjacent to a refinery complex. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasohol A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume. Data on gasohol that has at least 2.7 percent oxygen, by weight, and is intended for sale inside carbon monoxide nonattainment areas are included in data on oxygenated gasoline. Merchant Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities that are not associated with a petroleum refinery. Production from these facilities is sold under contract or on the spot market to refiners or other gasoline blenders.

114

Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for Prostate Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Communications Alcohol Consumption and the Risk for...Welfare and Sports; World Cancer Research...association of alcohol consumption at recruitment...and nonalcohol energy intake. Overall, neither alcohol consumption at baseline nor...

Sabine Rohrmann; Jakob Linseisen; Timothy J. Key; Majken K. Jensen; Kim Overvad; Nina Føns Johnsen; Anne Tjønneland; Rudolf Kaaks; Manuela M. Bergmann; Cornelia Weikert; Androniki Naska; Antonia Trichopoulou; Dimitrios Trichopoulos; Valeria Pala; Carlotta Sacerdote; Domenico Palli; Rosario Tumino; H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita; Alina Vrieling; Carlos A. González; Nerea Larrañaga; Carmen Navarro; Aurelio Barricarte; J. Ramon Quiros; Carmen Martínez-García; Göran Hallmans; Pär Stattin; Jonas Manjer; Elisabet Wirfält; Sheila Bingham; Key-Tee Khaw; Lars Egevad; Pietro Ferrari; Mazda Jenab; and Elio Riboli

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The effect of alcohol advertising, marketing and portrayal on drinking behaviour in young people: systematic review of prospective cohort studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exposure to alcohol advertising, product placement and portrayal of alcohol use in the media is associated with an increased likelihood of subsequent alcohol consumption among 10 to 26 year olds.

Lesley A Smith; David R Foxcroft

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

Alcohol consumption, Lewis phenotypes, and risk of ischemic heart disease  

SciTech Connect

The authors have previously found an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in men with the Lewis phenotype Le(a[minus]b[minus]) and suggested that the Lewis blood group has a close genetic relation with insulin resistance. The authors have investigated whether any conventional risk factors explain the increased risk in Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men. 3,383 men aged 53-75 years were examined in 1985-86, and morbidity and mortality during the next 4 years were recorded. At baseline, the authors excluded 343 men with a history of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, intermittent claudication, or stroke. The potential risk factors examined were alcohol consumption, physical activity, tobacco smoking, serum cotinine, serum lipids, body-mass index, blood pressure, prevalence of hypertension and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and social class. In 280 (9.6%) men with Le(a[minus]b[minus]), alcohol was the only risk factor significantly associated with risk of IHD. There was a significant inverse dose-effect relation between alcohol consumption and risk; trend tests, with adjustment for age, were significant for fatal IHD (p=0.02), all IHD (p=0.03), and all causes of death (p=0.02). In 2649 (90.4%) men with other phenotypes, there was a limited negative association with alcohol consumption. In Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men, a group genetically at high risk of IHD, alcohol consumption seems to be especially protective. The authors suggest that alcohol consumption may modify insulin resistance in Le(a[minus]b[minus]) men.

Hein, H.O.; Suadicani, P.; Gyntelberg, F. (Rigshospitalet State Univ. Hospital, Copenhagen (Denmark). Epidemiological Research Unit); Sorenson, H. (Rigshospitalet State Univ. Hospital, Copenhagen (Denmark). Dept. of Chemical Immunology); Hein, H.O. (Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). Dept. of Internal Medicine)

1993-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

117

STEP 1: TO BE COMPLETED BY ALCOHOL TECHNICIAN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 (07/03) OMB Control No. 1910-5122 7 (07/03) OMB Control No. 1910-5122 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Human Reliability Program (HRP) Alcohol Testing Form (Instructions for completing this form are attached.) STEP 1: TO BE COMPLETED BY ALCOHOL TECHNICIAN A. Employee Name __________________________________________________________________ (Print) First M.I. Last B. Employee ID No. __________________________________________________________ C. Employer Name __________________________________________________________ _____________________________________(____)________________ HRP Supervisor Phone Number D. Reason for Test: Random Reasonable Susp. Post-Accident Return to Duty Follow-up Pre-employment

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols technical progress Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a pro- found effect on both your personal and your work life. When someone... adults -- abuse alcohol or are alcoholics. Throw in the ... Source: Oliver, Douglas L. - Department of...

119

Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and Other Reductants Ag-Al2O3 Catalyst HC-SCR: Performance with Light Alcohols and Other Reductants 2004 Diesel Engine...

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol outcome expectancies Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Director Center of Alcohol Studies Gail G. Milgram, Ed.D., Professor Emerita Nancy M. Violette, Ph.D., LCSW... to use alcohol, tobacco and other drugs than the general...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage preference Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cocaine, and it is snorted, placed in alcoholic beverages, or smoked in combination with marijuana... Alcohol & Other Drugs How Do I Know If I Have A Drinking Problem? Below ......

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol chemical tests Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Higher Alcohols using Electron... and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. ... Source: Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E. - Department of...

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking patterns Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alcohol drinking patterns Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 StraightTalk A guide for parents on teenage drinking Summary: to use alcohol? 14 Why do teenagers drink? 15 What...

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol hospitalizes dozens Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: for an alcohol related incident, police are NOT notified by the staff of the hospital. Not only... for alcohol related incidents at any of the local hospitals, including...

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence increases Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Alcohol dependence in Native and Mexican Americans in San... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National Longitudinal......

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol survey hablas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Alcoholism Risk in Different Ethnic Groups Cindy L Ehlers... ;12 month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence by race-ethnicity from the National ... Source:...

127

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol gas additives Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcohol. In addition, you will not want to use... , methyl gas, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, wood alcohol, carbon, water, and a lot of other... if gas storage tanks...

128

Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents on Reactivity and Selectivity. Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents...

129

Alcohol production from various enzyme-converted starches with or without cooking  

SciTech Connect

The effectiveness of alcoholic fermentation was compared by measuring alcoholic yields from various starch mashes, both cooked and uncooked. Alcohol yields from cooked and liquefied starch by bacterial ..cap alpha..-amylase were 93.9% for corn, 92.0% for cassava, 90.6% for potato, and 73.0% for babassu, whereas alcohol yields from raw starch were 90.0% for corn, 89.0% for cassava, 48.9% for babassu, and 11.4% for potato. (JMT)

Park, Y.K.; Rivera, B.C.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis cu-co-cr Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol synthesis cu-co Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol outlet density Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute for Mental Health, D 68159 Mannheim, Germany I. Alcohol Addiction, Genetic... Susceptibility, and Neuroadaptation II. Animal...

133

Characterization of Particulate Emissions from GDI Engine Combustion with Alcohol-blended Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Analysis showed that gasoline direct injection engine particulates from alcohol-blended fuels are significantly different in morphology and nanostructures

134

Alcohol consumption is controlled by angiotensin II1 BJOERN MAUL,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alcohol consumption is controlled by angiotensin II1 BJOERN MAUL,2 WOLF-EBERHARD SIEMS, MARGRET R- ther explain the effects in the transgenic mice. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS 1. Alcohol consumption is directly correlated with angiotensin levels To clarify the role of AII in alcohol consumption, we tested

Hoehe, Margret

135

Breast Cancer and Alcohol Consumption: A Case-Control Study in Northern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...INTRODUCTION Alcohol consumption has been inconsistently...Since alcohol consumption is wide spread among...conducted in the homes of the respondents...following surgery (on average, 7.8 months after...estimating alcohol consumption in European countries...nutrient, and energy values were compiled...

Paolo Toniolo; Elio Riboli; Fulvia Protta; Martine Charrel; and Alberto P. M. Cappa

1989-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats in alcohol intake in Sprague Dawley rats. This overexpression of DRD2 reduced alcohol consumption in a two) and -nonpreferring (NP) rats. In addition, micro­positron emission tomography imaging was used at the completion

Homes, Christopher C.

137

Methods for sequestering carbon dioxide into alcohols via gasification fermentation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for use with synthesis gas fermentation. Further, the present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for the production of alcohols from a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas containing at least one microorganism.

Gaddy, James L; Ko, Ching-Whan; Phillips, J. Randy; Slape, M. Sean

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

138

Digit switch evaluations and capillary IPA (isopropyl alcohol) study  

SciTech Connect

Capillary flow of isopropyl alcohol under the wire insulation of an eleven-wire cable dissolved trapped flux from the pretinning and soldering operations and caused it to deposit on the circuit board inside a digit switch. Conformal coatings were successful in sealing the wire insulation gap to prevent solvent flow. 16 figs., 2 tabs.

Mizik, P.M.; Kibalo, E.F.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The University of Mississippi Drug and Alcohol Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The University of Mississippi Drug and Alcohol Testing Summary/Purpose: In furtherance of the University's interest to maintain a drug-free workplace, the University reserves the right to test any of the University's interest to maintain a drug-free workplace, the University reserves the right to test any

Tchumper, Gregory S.

140

A Stereodivergent Approach to Amino Acids, Amino Alcohols, or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of r-amino acids, amino alcohols, or oxazolidinones. The sequence includes the SN2 displacement Society Published on Web 07/08/2004 #12;regioselective and stereospecific SN2 displacement of an allylic as a readily available and recyclable chiral auxiliary for a short sequence of reactions that includes as one

Spino, Claude

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Impairment of Timing Behavior after Prolonged Alcohol Consumption in Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and performance of DRL 30 days after alcohol was omitted from the diet. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (Carworth CFE strain), 90 days old, were reduced to 85 percent of their body weights (when they were fed freely) and were trained to press...

Don W. Walker; Gerhard Freund

1973-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

142

Production of Mixed Alcohols from Bio-syngas over Mo-based Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of Mo-based catalysts prepared by sol-gel method using citric acid as complexant were successfully applied in the high efficient production of mixed alcohols from bio-syngas derived from the biomass gasification. The Cu1Co1Fe1Mo1Zn0.5? 6%K catalyst exhibited a higher activity on the space-time yield of mixed alcohols compared with the other Mo-based catalysts. The carbon conversion significantly increases with rising temperature below 340 °C but the alcohol selectivity has an opposite trend. The maximum mixed alcohols yield derived from biomass gasification is 494.8 g/(kgcatal·h) with the C2+ (C2—C6 higher alcohols) alcohols of 80.4% under the tested conditions. The alcohol distributions are consistent with the Schulz-Flory plots except methanol. In the alcohols products the C2+ alcohols (higher alcohols) dominate with a weight ratio of 70%–85%. The Mo-based catalysts have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption/desorption. The clean bio-fules of mixed alcohols derived from bio-syngas with higher octane values could be used as transportation fuels or petrol additives.

Song-bai Qiu; Wei-wei Huang; Yong Xu; Lu Liu; Quan-xin Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Mixed Alcohol Synthesis Catalyst Screening 2007 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are researching the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). PNNL is obtaining commercially available mixed alcohol or preparing promising mixed-alcohol catalysts and screening them in a laboratory-scale reactor system. The most promising catalysts are provided to NREL for testing using a slipstream from a pilot-scale biomass gasifier. After a review of the literature in 2006 and conversations with companies that produce catalysts, it was determined that no commercial mixed-alcohol synthesis catalysts were available. One manufacturer supplied a modified methanol catalyst that was tested in the PNNL laboratory-scale system and provided to NREL for further testing. PNNL also prepared and tested the behavior of 10 other catalysts representing the distinct catalyst classes for mixed alcohol syntheses. Based on those results,testing in 2007 focused on the performance of the rhodium-based catalysts. The effects of adding promoters to the rhodium catalysts in addition to the manganese already being used were examined. The iron and rhenium promoters both stood out as achieving higher carbon selectivities , followed by Cu. Iridium and Li, on the other hand, had low carbon selectivity ratios of 0.27 and 0.22, respectively. Although testing of candidate promoters is not complete, it appears that Ir and Li promoters warrant further optimization and possibly combination to further improve STYs and carbon selectivities to C2+ oxygenates. However, using these promoters, it will be necessary to incorporate a separate hydrogenation catalyst to improve the yield of C2+ alcohols with respect to the other oxygenates. Fe, Re, and Cu stand out as possible candidates in this respect, but additional research is needed to examine whether they can be combined with the other promoters on the Rh-based catalyst or need to be optimized on a separate catalyst support that is either physically mixed or used in series with the promoted Rh-based catalyst.

Gerber, Mark A.; White, J. F.; Gray, Michel J.; Stevens, Don J.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting 11/06/2007 Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols Sugars and Sugar Alcohols * * Problem: Problem: Need Need to develop renewable to develop renewable hydrogen production technologies using hydrogen production technologies using diverse diverse feedstocks feedstocks 10 15 20 CH 4 : C 6 H 14 ln(P) * * Description: Description: The BioForming The BioForming TM TM process uses process uses aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, including glycerol and sugars. The key including glycerol and sugars. The key breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that

145

Alcohol-free alkoxide process for containing nuclear waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method of containing nuclear waste. A composition is first prepared of about 25 to about 80%, calculated as SiO.sub.2, of a partially hydrolyzed silicon compound, up to about 30%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed aluminum or calcium compound, about 5 to about 20%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed boron or calcium compound, about 3 to about 25%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed sodium, potassium or lithium compound, an alcohol in a weight ratio to hydrolyzed alkoxide of about 1.5 to about 3% and sufficient water to remove at least 99% of the alcohol as an azeotrope. The azeotrope is boiled off and up to about 40%, based on solids in the product, of the nuclear waste, is mixed into the composition. The mixture is evaporated to about 25 to about 45% solids and is melted and cooled.

Pope, James M. (Monroeville, PA); Lahoda, Edward J. (Edgewood, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Electrocatalyst for alcohol oxidation at fuel cell anodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In some embodiments a ternary electrocatalyst is provided. The electrocatalyst can be used in an anode for oxidizing alcohol in a fuel cell. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst may include a noble metal particle having a surface decorated with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh. The noble metal particles may include platinum, palladium, ruthenium, iridium, gold, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst includes SnO.sub.2 particles having a surface decorated with clusters of a noble metal and Rh. Some ternary electrocatalysts include noble metal particles with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh at their surfaces. In some embodiments the electrocatalyst particle cores are nanoparticles. Some embodiments of the invention provide a fuel cell including an anode incorporating the ternary electrocatalyst. In some aspects a method of using ternary electrocatalysts of Pt, Rh, and SnO.sub.2 to oxidize an alcohol in a fuel cell is described.

Adzic, Radoslav (East Setauket, NY); Kowal, Andrzej (Cracow, PL)

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

147

Production and Use of Alcohol on the Farm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projects. 4. The plant manufacturer should be able to guarantee the following production factors: ? Yield factor (gallons of alcohol produced per unit volume or weight of feedstock at a given dry starch and/or sugar content; for example, gallons per... of Operation Capital recovery (depreciation and interest) $ 90,000 x 0.1598 $125,000 x 0.1598 Insurance (estimated) Property taxes (estimated) Mise. (permits, bonding, ete.) Total Fixed Costs Average Fixed Cost Per Gallon Assumptions: Salvage value...

O'Neal, Henry; Rothe, Joe M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Fumigation of alcohol in a light duty automotive diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

A light-duty automotive diesel engine was fumigated with methanol and ethanol in amounts up to 35% and 50% of the total fuel energy respectively. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol (methanol and ethanol) fumigation on engine performance at various operating conditions. Engine fuel efficiency, emissions, smoke, and the occurrence of severe knock were the parameters used to evaluate performance. Raw exhaust particulate and its soluble organic extract were screened for biological activity using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium assay. Results are given for a test matrix made up of twelve steady-state operating conditions. For all conditions except the 1/4 rack (light load) condition, modest thermal efficiency gains were noted upon ethanol fumigation. Methanol showed the same increase at 3/4 and full rack (high load) conditions. However, engine roughness or the occurrence of severe knock limited the maximum amount of alcohol that could be fumigated. Brake specific NO/sub x/ concentrations were found to decrease for all ethanol conditions tested. Oxides of nitrogen emissions, on a volume basis, decreased for all alcohol conditions tested. Based on the limited particulate data analyzed, it appears as though ethanol fumigation, like methanol fumigation, while lowering the mass of particulate emitted, does enhance the biological activity of that particulate.

Broukhiyan, E.M.H.; Lestz, S.S.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electrolytic method to make alkali alcoholates using ion conducting alkali electrolyte/separator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Alkali alcoholates, also called alkali alkoxides, are produced from alkali metal salt solutions and alcohol using a three-compartment electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell includes an anolyte compartment configured with an anode, a buffer compartment, and a catholyte compartment configured with a cathode. An alkali ion conducting solid electrolyte configured to selectively transport alkali ions is positioned between the anolyte compartment and the buffer compartment. An alkali ion permeable separator is positioned between the buffer compartment and the catholyte compartment. The catholyte solution may include an alkali alcoholate and alcohol. The anolyte solution may include at least one alkali salt. The buffer compartment solution may include a soluble alkali salt and an alkali alcoholate in alcohol.

Joshi, Ashok V. (Salt Lake City, UT); Balagopal, Shekar (Sandy, UT); Pendelton, Justin (Salt Lake City, UT)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

150

The effect of generalization of extinction on relapse following aversion therapy for alcoholism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

therapeutic approaches have been taken in the treat- ment of alcoholism, yet low relapse rate continues to be the exception rather than the rule. Hadley and Hadley (1972) surveyed alcoholism treatment in California facilities and encountered the full range... therapy. To summarize: relapse of uncontrolled drinking after treatment continues in spite of numer- ous therapeutic efforts and approaches in the field, and research on alcoholism has been plagued with methodological problems, making conclusions...

Godsey, Robert Lane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol problem services Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

screen- ing tools. Is Alcohol a Problem for You... : niaaaweb-r@exchange.nih.gov Internet address: ... Source: Lotko, William - Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College...

152

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol screening day Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

At Michigan Tech I. Guiding Principles * Clear evidence exists... that the misuse and abuse of alcoholic beverages and drugs can erode the foundation of the University's ......

153

Alcohol Mixed with Caffeinated Energy Drinks: Consumption Patterns and Trends Among Canadian Youth & Young Adults.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Use of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) is a growing trend worldwide, and in Canada, youth and young adults… (more)

McCrory, Cassondra

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Alcohol-Related Harm and Primary Health Care in British Columbia, Canada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???In recent years there has been a renewed focus on reducing the harms of addictive substances such as alcohol while at the same time restraining… (more)

Slaunwhite, Amanda Kathleen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol expectancies integrating Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

most... many students: "I especially like the fact that the alcohol project ... Source: Daniel, Susan - Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University...

156

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity predicts alcohol Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can start as low as blood alcohol levels ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverage consumption Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

consumption Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcoholic beverage consumption Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Nebraska at...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption affect Sample Search...  

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consumption affect Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption affect Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Dublin City University...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption aggravates Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption aggravates Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Drug-Free School Statement (Student Policy)...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol consumption Sample Search...  

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consumption Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acute alcohol consumption Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GENETIC VARIATION AND BRAIN GENE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption disrupted Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption disrupted Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Toronto Governing Council...

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption meals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption meals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Nebraska at Omaha Administrative...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption taqib Sample Search...  

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Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol consumption taqib Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 0145-600819912304-059203.0010...

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol transportation fuels Sample Search...  

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resources demands new... and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuel production Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using Electron Microscopy Summary: and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuels Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using Electron Microscopy Summary: and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher... Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of...

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol fuels provisions Sample Search...  

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CA, USA,3 Alcohol and Drug Research, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland Source: Stockholm Observatory Collection: Physics 75 DistributorProducer...

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependence schizophrenia Sample...  

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search results for: alcohol dependence schizophrenia Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Curriculum Vitae Deanna Marie Barch Summary: , International Congress on Schizophrenia Research...

169

Seminars in Medicine of the Beth Israel Hospital, Boston: Medical Disorders of Alcoholism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects on vitamin A. Although ethanol is rich in energy, long-term consumption of up to 2000 calories per day in the form of alcohol does not produce the expected gain in body weight. This deficit can be attributed, in part, to the poor yield of energy produced from fat oxidation in damaged mitochondria... Alcohol is the most frequently abused drug throughout the world. In the United States, it is consumed regularly by about half the adult population, and about 15 to 20 million people are alcoholics. Alcoholism claims 100,000 lives annually and carries an ...

Lieber C.S.

1995-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol withdrawal delirium Sample Search...  

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ability to control... :www.nlm.nih.govmedlineplussubstanceabuseproblems.html 12;DSM-IV Definitions ALCOHOL ABUSE: episodic problems, no physical symptoms of withdrawal......

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abusers compared Sample Search...  

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dependence smoking 12... :www.nlm.nih.govmedlineplussubstanceabuseproblems.html 12;DSM-IV Definitions ALCOHOL ABUSE: episodic problems, no physical symptoms of withdrawal......

172

Attitudinal Antecedents of the First- and Third-Person Effect of Alcohol Advertising On College Students.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Data collected from a survey questionnaire via personal interviews among 488 college students was used to examine relationships among attitude toward alcohol advertising, attitude toward… (more)

Begin, Georgia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - allyl alcohols catalyzed Sample Search...  

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of Chicago Collection: Chemistry 25 Mechanism of Selective Oxidation of Propene to Acrolein on Bismuth Molybdates from Quantum Mechanical Calculations Summary: alcohol, allyl...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol series based Sample Search Results  

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University, Kinsey Institute Collection: Biology and Medicine 5 ,t Hehuviorai Gmc.tic hltdds 373 Behavioral Genetic Models Summary: . Signifi- alcoholism. Although...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol marketing predicts Sample Search...  

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marketing predicts Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol marketing predicts Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ancient history of sexual...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-based hand hygiene Sample Search...  

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of germs. Follow these everyday steps... with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective... , including the CDC,...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-based formulations proposed Sample...  

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of germs. Follow these everyday steps... with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective Source: Collection:...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholism Sample Search Results  

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Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholates Sample Search Results  

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Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols Sample Search Results  

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Information Sciences 50 Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Summary: Financial Policy Highlights: ReimbursementPayment for Alcohol Purchases (Policy 2.1.1 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol testing program Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fine; and attend an alcohol education program. It is illegal for anyone to host... ; completion of alcoholdrug education or training program. Lending a driver's license or...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydrous alcohol evaporated Sample Search...  

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peroxide Copper, chromium, iron, most metals or their salts, alcohols, acetone... , carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, halogens Ammonia...

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic fatty liver Sample Search Results  

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of alcoholic fatty liver. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver... %-80%) aerobic process for energy production in the heart, liver, and skeletal muscle. Abnormalities of fatty... Dis...

184

T4 DNA condensation in water-alcohol media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The process of compaction of high molecular weight DNA T4 is investigated directly in a AFM liquid cell. The AFM-images of globules formed by DNA molecules in the result of compaction in water-alcohol environments at high izopropanol concentration (80%) are received; it is found that at intermediate concentration of izopropanol (40-50%) the DNA molecules form partially compacted formations in which the separate coils of macromolecules twist in toroidal structures. It is shown using the technique of deconvolution of the AFM-images that the globule include only one closely packed DNA molecule. The model of DNA packing is proposed on the basis of AFM experiment.

M. O. Gallyamov; O. A. Pyshkina; V. G. Sergeyev; I. V. Yaminsky

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Role of osteopontin in hepatic neutrophil infiltration during alcoholic steatohepatitis  

SciTech Connect

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major complication of heavy alcohol (EtOH) drinking and is characterized by three progressive stages of pathology: steatosis, steatohepatitis, and fibrosis/cirrhosis. Alcoholic steatosis (AS) is the initial stage of ALD and consists of fat accumulation in the liver accompanied by minimal liver injury. AS is known to render the hepatocytes increasingly sensitive to toxicants such as bacterial endotoxin (LPS). Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), the second and rate-limiting step in the progression of ALD, is characterized by hepatic fat accumulation, neutrophil infiltration, and neutrophil-mediated parenchymal injury. However, the pathogenesis of ASH is poorly defined. It has been theorized that the pathogenesis of ASH involves interaction of increased circulating levels of LPS with hepatocytes being rendered highly sensitive to LPS due to heavy EtOH consumption. We hypothesize that osteopontin (OPN), a matricellular protein (MCP), plays an important role in the hepatic neutrophil recruitment due to its enhanced expression during the early phase of ALD (AS and ASH). To study the role of OPN in the pathogenesis of ASH, we induced AS in male Sprague-Dawley rats by feeding EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks. AS rats experienced extensive fat accumulation and minimal liver injury. Moderate induction in OPN was observed in AS group. ASH was induced by feeding male Sprague-Dawley rats EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks followed by LPS injection. The ASH rats had substantial neutrophil infiltration, coagulative oncotic necrosis, and developed higher liver injury. Significant increases in the hepatic and circulating levels of OPN was observed in the ASH rats. Higher levels of the active, thrombin-cleaved form of OPN in the liver in ASH group correlated remarkably with hepatic neutrophil infiltration. Finally, correlative studies between OPN and hepatic neutrophil infiltration was corroborated in a simple rat peritoneal model where enhanced peritoneal fluid neutrophil infiltration was noted in rats injected OPN intraperitoneally. Taken together these data indicate that OPN expression induced during ASH may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of ASH by stimulating neutrophil transmigration.

Apte, Udayan M. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Banerjee, Atrayee [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); McRee, Rachel [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Wellberg, Elizabeth [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Ramaiah, Shashi K. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States)]. E-mail: sramaiah@cvm.tamu.edu

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

186

Alcohol Dispersions of Calcium Hydroxide Nanoparticles for Stone Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcohol dispersions of Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles, the so-called nanolimes, are emerging as an effective conservation material for the consolidation of stone, mortars, and plasters present in old masonry and/or mural paintings. ... Considering that past studies on the consolidation of stone using nanolime dispersions have focused on carbonate stones such as limestones, here we test the ability of these treatments to consolidate silicate stones. ... D’Armada, P.; Hirst, E.Nano-lime for consolidation of plaster and stone J. Architect. ...

Carlos Rodriguez-Navarro; Amelia Suzuki; Encarnacion Ruiz-Agudo

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

Water-soluble polyesters from long chain alkylesters of citric acid and poly(ethylene glycol) .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Long chain aliphatic alcohols have been used as model compounds to develop a preparative method for a water-soluble material, which could be a carrier for… (more)

Barroso Bujans, Fabienne

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Floated Catalyst CVD Generation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Floated Catalyst CVD Generation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes from Alcohol Shigeo Maruyama to other configuration, a floated catalyst type generation of SWNTs. Using ferrocene as a precursor of floated iron catalyst clusters, high-purity SWNTs were generated from alcohol. Mist of ferrocene ethanol

Maruyama, Shigeo

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol abuse measurement Sample Search...  

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metabolism and sensitivity... .0% N 21 18.0% N s5 U.S. U.S. Sweden Registration DSM-III alcohol abusedependence DSM-III alcohol... ) (N 577) (0.37) kJ.S. DSM-III...

190

Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updated 10/2012 Alcohol/Substance Abuse Treatment OP/IOP/PHP* Please note patient or family member, some limitations with Medicare 4 Adult locations with OP, IOP, and sometimes PHP 1) Plainville 2) New-OP, IOP, PHP; Primary Substance Abuse-OP, IOP; Senior Program > 55y.o., alcohol only substance, take

Oliver, Douglas L.

191

Analysis of Fatty Acid and Alcoholic Components of Sebaceous Lipid Types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......chromatography of the acetates. Ratios were determined...specificity for the synthesis of alcohols. Introduction...and Alcohols For the synthesis of cyclopropanoid acids...the methyl esters with lithium aluminum hydride. The...anhydride and the respective acetates together with the methyl......

Hugh J. O'Neill; Leon L. Gershbein

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study looked at the effects of late-onset alcohol consumption for 8 weeks on the aged rat model (15 months old). Thirty 15 month old female Fisher 344 rats were divided into three diet groups: Alcohol (n=9), pair-fed (n=9), and pellet (n=6...

Bowlin, Julie Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ethanol-induced alcohol dehydrogenase E (AdhE) potentiates pneumolysin in Streptococcus pneumoniae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Rights Reserved. 2014 research-article Ethanol-induced alcohol dehydrogenase E (AdhE...showed that S. pneumoniae type 2 D39 is ethanol tolerant, and that alcohol up-regulates...factor. Moreover, in the presence of ethanol, S. pneumoniae AdhE produced acetaldehyde...

Truc Thanh Luong; Eun-Hye Kim; Jong Phil Bak; Cuong Thach Nguyen; Sangdun Choi; David E. Briles; Suhkneung Pyo; Dong-Kwon Rhee

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

Exploring Spatial Associations between On-Sale Alcohol Availability, Neighborhood Population Characteristics, and Violent Crime in a Geographically Isolated City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives. Despite the increasing evidence of the associations between alcohol availability and violence, there are still inconsistent findings on the effects of on- and off-sale alcohol outlets on violent crime. The aim of this study...

Han, Daikwon; Gorman, Dennis M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Standard calculation of ethanol elimination rate is not sufficient to provide ethanol substitution therapy in the postoperative course of alcohol-dependent patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective:...Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is a severe complication during postoperative treatment of alcohol-dependent patients. Besides the use of clomethiazole, clonidine, and benzodiazepi...

L. Wilkens; H. Ruschulte; H. Rückoldt; H. Hecker; D. Schröder…

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue that acrolein liberates vinyl groups and allyl alcohol liberates acetylene; the former would The principal influences of the C = C group of allyl alcohol and acrolein are on the bonding configuration

Helgaker, Trygve

197

Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Alcohol Synthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Pyrochlore-Based Catalysts for Syngas-Derived Alcohol Synthesis Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov PON-13-006 August 2013 Opportunity This technology provides an advantageous means to convert syngas into a class of chemicals known as higher oxygenates as well as other long-chain hydrocarbons. Research is currently active on this patent-pending technology "Method of CO and/or CO2 Hydrogenation Using Doped Mixed Metal Oxides." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Significance * Improves the conversion of syngas from natural gas, coal, or biomass * Enhances the potential use of oxygenates as

198

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals ... Adsorption of methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, and n-butanol by Pocahontas No. 3, Upper Freeport, Illinois No. 6, and Beulah-Zap Argonne premium coals was investigated to clarify the effect of alkyl group bulk on adsorption and to evaluate the micropore and cross-linked structure of coals. ... Coals are thought to have a large surface area with an interconnected network of slitlike pores.1 However, Larsen et al.2 measured the adsorption of various gases on five Argonne Premium coals and, except for Beulah-Zap lignite, found that the very steep dependence of BET surface area was related to the molecular volume of the gas. ...

Toshimasa Takanohashi; Yuki Terao; Takahiro Yoshida; Masashi Iino

2000-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

Use of superconductor type catalysts in the preparation of tertiary butyl alcohol from tertiary butyl hydroperoxide  

SciTech Connect

In a method wherein a solution of a tertiary butyl hydroperoxide charge stock in tertiary butyl alcohol is brought into contact with a catalytically effective amount of a hydroperoxide decomposition catalyst in a hydroperoxide decomposition reaction zone in liquid phase with agitation to convert said tertiary butyl hydroperoxide to decomposition products, principally tertiary butyl alcohol, the improvement is described which comprises: (a) using a superconductor as said hydroperoxide decomposition catalyst, and (b) recovering tertiary butyl alcohol from the products of said hydroperoxide decomposition reaction.

Sanderson, J.R.; Stockton, M.E.

1993-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

200

Alcohol-Folate Interactions in the Risk of Oral Cancer in Women: A Prospective Cohort Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2007;27:87-94. 7 WHO.int [Internet]. Geneva: WHO global status report...Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse 2004: Available from: http...alcconsumpt.pdf . 8 Cancer.org [Internet]. Alcohol and cancer. American...

Jayapriyaa R. Shanmugham; Athanasios I. Zavras; Bernard A. Rosner; and Edward L. Giovannucci

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Microcontact Imprinting of Algae on Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) for Biofuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microcontact Imprinting of Algae on Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) for Biofuel Cells ... The roadmap of algae biofuels technology in the U.S. has been elucidated since 2008 (http://www.orau.gov/algae2008/resources.htm). ...

Wen-Janq Chen; Mei-Hwa Lee; James L. Thomas; Po-Hsun Lu; Ming-Huan Li; Hung-Yin Lin

2013-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

202

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure produces Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

produces Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

203

Cloning and sequencing of the alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis has been cloned and sequenced. This gene can be expressed at high levels in other organisms to produce acetaldehyde or to convert acetaldehyde to ethanol.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Conway, Tyrrell (Gainesville, FL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure decreases Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

decreases Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure alters Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alters Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of alcohol exposure. In particular,...

206

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols caries incidence Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Summary: incident of a similar nature. 4.6 Amnesty for Multiple Alcohol-Related Medical Emergencies (a) For those... This Policy provides that any student who is in need...

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol pilot study Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pilot study Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol pilot study Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols aldehydes acids Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5087-5090,1988 0040-403988 3.00 + .oO Printed in Great Britain Pergamon Press plc Summary: been shown to convert aldehydes to methyl esters, whereas secondary alcohols...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol prevention initiatives Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and other... of Drinking at U.S. Colleges." This report ... Source: Collection: Renewable Energy 30 2002 Society for the Study of Addiction to Alcohol and Other Drugs Addiction,...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol binge drinking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Sub-Committee January 25, 2007 - 3:30 p.m. Thomas Room... agreed that students' parents should be notified and alcohol education was appropriate. o ... Source: Furman...

211

Patterns of sports sponsorship by gambling, alcohol and food companies: an Internet survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sponsorship by alcohol, gambling and unhealthy food products is more than twice as common as sponsorship from other sources for sports popular with young people, suggesting that limits on unhealthy sponsorship should be considered.

Anthony Maher; Nick Wilson; Louise Signal; George Thomson

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

212

Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

Chau, Chi-Fai

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Factor structure analysis of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol - Spanish questionnaire among adolescents in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the psychometric properties of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA) questionnaire with Spanish speaking populations. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the factor structure of the Spanish version of the CEOA was assessed in a set of scores obtained...

Flato, Claudia Graciela

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol dependent hepatocyte Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in human liver tissue in vitro Summary: .M. Silva, P.J. O'Brien, Allyl alcohol- and acrolein-induced toxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes, Arch... bromide; Nac-acid,...

215

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and not the individual n-alkanes or n-alcohols themselves that constitute a biomarker (Jansen et al., 2006a). Obviously... location results in accumulation of biomarkers (in the...

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related brain damage Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brain damage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alcohol-related brain damage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 R U Aware IIR U Aware II A...

217

Alcohol consumption and the risk of stroke among hypertensive and overweight men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High blood pressure and overweight are risk factors for stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of stroke according to the level of blood pr...

Sanna H. Rantakömi; Jari A. Laukkanen; Juhani Sivenius…

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Alcoholic biofuels as an admixture component for conventional and alternative diesel combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biogenic admixture increases the possible savings in carbon dioxide emissions and reduces the dependency on fossil fuels. In this context especially alcohols not only provide the opportunity to optimize the tr...

Dipl.-Ing. Michael Kaack; Dr.-Ing. Christian Weiskirch…

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohols aldehydes acetals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alcohols aldehydes acetals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE JOURNAL OF BIOL.OGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 1990 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Summary:...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol aldehyde acetals Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: alcohol aldehyde acetals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 THE JOURNAL OF BIOL.OGICAL CHEMISTRY 0 1990 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Summary:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Alcohol oxidizing enzymes and ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in rat pancreatic acinar AR42J cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP) is a serious inflammatory disease causing significant morbidity and mortality. Due to lack of a suitable animal model, the underlying mechanism of ACP is poorly understood. Ch...

Kamlesh K. Bhopale; Miriam Falzon…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Experimental and Modeling Study of the Flammability of Fuel Tank Headspace Vapors from Ethanol/Gasoline Fuels; Phase 3: Effects of Winter Gasoline Volatility and Ethanol Content on Blend Flammability; Flammability Limits of Denatured Ethanol  

SciTech Connect

This study assessed differences in headspace flammability for summertime gasolines and new high-ethanol content fuel blends. The results apply to vehicle fuel tanks and underground storage tanks. Ambient temperature and fuel formulation effects on headspace vapor flammability of ethanol/gasoline blends were evaluated. Depending on the degree of tank filling, fuel type, and ambient temperature, fuel vapors in a tank can be flammable or non-flammable. Pure gasoline vapors in tanks generally are too rich to be flammable unless ambient temperatures are extremely low. High percentages of ethanol blended with gasoline can be less volatile than pure gasoline and can produce flammable headspace vapors at common ambient temperatures. The study supports refinements of fuel ethanol volatility specifications and shows potential consequences of using noncompliant fuels. E85 is flammable at low temperatures; denatured ethanol is flammable at warmer temperatures. If both are stored at the same location, one or both of the tanks' headspace vapors will be flammable over a wide range of ambient temperatures. This is relevant to allowing consumers to splash -blend ethanol and gasoline at fueling stations. Fuels compliant with ASTM volatility specifications are relatively safe, but the E85 samples tested indicate that some ethanol fuels may produce flammable vapors.

Gardiner, D. P.; Bardon, M. F.; Clark, W.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Introduction Aliphatic polyesters derived from renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these polyesters are already commercially produced in bacteria under nutrient-limited conditions; however a mixture of the polymer in methanol (approximately 100 ppm) to which was added 10 % of methanol saturated

224

The consequence of late-onset alcohol abuse in aged bone: a histomorhometric analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of decreased intake and absorption, bone quality is negatively affected because of the decrease in nutrients that determine bone health (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamin D). Certain age-related physiological changes also promote osteoporosis... of ethanol treatment. Upon analysis of the bone content, they found that alcohol did not have an afFect on the bone mineral content such as calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Peng et. al. suggested that alcohol may induce an alteration...

Barker, Lisa Setchfield

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

The n-Alcohol Site in the Nicotinic Receptor Pore Is a Hydrophobic Patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The n-Alcohol Site in the Nicotinic Receptor Pore Is a Hydrophobic Patch† ... Using both single-channel and rapid patch perfusion electrophysiology, we measured how these mutations affect nAChR sensitivity to ethanol and hexanol. ... These results support the existence of a large inhibitory patch in the nAChR pore lining where interactions with alcohols are primarily due to hydrophobic forces. ...

Qiong L. Zhou; Qing Zhou; Stuart A. Forman

2000-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

226

Modeling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels in Water/Alcohol Mixtures with PC-SAFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels in Water/Alcohol Mixtures with PC-SAFT ... The PC-SAFT equation of state is used for thermodynamic modeling of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) PNIPAAm in water and alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol). ... The statistical association fluid theory (SAFT) developed by Chapman et al.,(42) a generally accepted and powerful equation of state based on statistical thermodynamics, provides an excellent framework for a variety of extensions and modifications. ...

Markus C. Arndt; Gabriele Sadowski

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

Alcohol flushing for enhanced removal of coal tar from contaminated soils  

SciTech Connect

Alcohol flushing for enhancing the removal of coal tar from contaminated soils and reducing coal tar concentrations in the aqueous-phase leachate was investigated. Four soil columns were packed with relatively undisturbed coal tar contaminated soils collected from a former coal gasification site. These columns were leached with water and then flushed with isopropyl alcohol (IPA) solutions. Initially, total coal tar concentrations in water leachate ranged from = 0.1 to 150 mg/L for the four columns. Coal tar concentrations in the column effluent generally increased three to five orders of magnitude during the initial IPA flush. Each column was flushed with 1-3 pore volumes of an IPA solution. Reduction of coal tar concentrations in water leachate, attributed to the alcohol flushing, was noted in three of the four columns. The total coal tar removed from the soil columns during the IPA flushes constituted from 54 to 97% of the total coal tar removed during both water leaching (240-800 pore volumes) and alcohol flushing (1-3 pore volumes). The alcohol flushing removed from 3 to 19 % of the total coal tar in the various soil columns. Results indicated that alcohol flushing can enhance the removal of coal tar from contaminated soils and can reduce the aqueous-phase coal tar concentrations in the leachate. 16 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Hayden, N.J. [Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT (United States); Van der Hoven, E.J. [Living Technologies, Inc., Burlington, VT (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Adsorption and Reaction of C1-C3 Alcohols over CeOx(111) Thin Films  

SciTech Connect

This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub x}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

D Mullins; S Senanayake; T Chen

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases. [Alkanol fuels  

SciTech Connect

Explains how a mixture of methanol and C/sub 2/-C/sub 6/ saturated alcohols (Alkanol fuel) has the potential for providing a gasoline-blending stock superior to that of straight-run methanol or ethanol. Summarizes the technical and economic advantages of producing and utilizing Alkanol fuels. Although methanol is cheaper, Alkanols represent a higher-quality fuel product with lower-oxygen content and higher hydrogen content. Increasing the methanol content of the Alkanol mixture has the potential to reduce the Alkanols cost of production to the equivalent of that of methanol on a constant heating value basis. The optimal composition will depend on production costs as well as on the properties of Alkanol mixtures necessary to generate a premium, synthetic transportation fuel. The Mobil M-Gasoline Process is an alternative route to converting methanol to synthetic transportation fuels. Concludes that development of the Alkanols Process is in its early stages and further work needs to be done in identifying and solving potential technical bottlenecks related to catalyst stability/selectivity and recovery of water-free Alkanol fuel mixtures. Current work is involved in the study of the performance and stability of several catalyst candidates utilizing a slurry reaction system and in the identification of optimal compositions of Alkanols for use as gasoline blending stocks.

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Pancreatic injury in hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase-deficient deer mice after subchronic exposure to ethanol  

SciTech Connect

Pancreatitis caused by activation of digestive zymogens in the exocrine pancreas is a serious chronic health problem in alcoholic patients. However, mechanism of alcoholic pancreatitis remains obscure due to lack of a suitable animal model. Earlier, we reported pancreatic injury and substantial increases in endogenous formation of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in the pancreas of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)-deficient (ADH{sup -}) deer mice fed 4% ethanol. To understand the mechanism of alcoholic pancreatitis, we evaluated dose-dependent metabolism of ethanol and related pancreatic injury in ADH{sup -} and hepatic ADH-normal (ADH{sup +}) deer mice fed 1%, 2% or 3.5% ethanol via Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet daily for 2 months. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was remarkably increased and the concentration was {approx} 1.5-fold greater in ADH{sup -} vs. ADH{sup +} deer mice fed 3.5% ethanol. At the end of the experiment, remarkable increases in pancreatic FAEEs and significant pancreatic injury indicated by the presence of prominent perinuclear space, pyknotic nuclei, apoptotic bodies and dilation of glandular ER were found only in ADH{sup -} deer mice fed 3.5% ethanol. This pancreatic injury was further supported by increased plasma lipase and pancreatic cathepsin B (a lysosomal hydrolase capable of activating trypsinogen), trypsinogen activation peptide (by-product of trypsinogen activation process) and glucose-regulated protein 78 (endoplasmic reticulum stress marker). These findings suggest that ADH-deficiency and high alcohol levels in the body are the key factors in ethanol-induced pancreatic injury. Therefore, determining how this early stage of pancreatic injury advances to inflammation stage could be important for understanding the mechanism(s) of alcoholic pancreatitis.

Kaphalia, Bhupendra S., E-mail: bkaphali@utmb.ed [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Bhopale, Kamlesh K.; Kondraganti, Shakuntala; Wu Hai; Boor, Paul J.; Ansari, G.A. Shakeel [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Treating isopropyl alcohol by a regenerative catalytic oxidizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regenerative catalytic oxidizer (RCO) can be conveniently used to control emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), because of their thermal recovery efficiency (TRE), low fuel cost and high oxidation. In this work, catalysts with various metal weight loadings were prepared by deposition–precipitation, wet impregnation and incipient impregnation to treat isopropyl alcohol (IPA). We used the excellent catalytic performance in a pilot RCO to test IPA oxidation performance under various conditions. The best catalyst was selected and its TRE, bed temperature variations, pressure drops and selectivity of the catalyst were more widely discussed. The results demonstrate that the optimal catalyst was prepared by wet impregnation with 20 wt.% metal on ceramic honeycomb (CH). 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst was the best catalyst used in a RCO because it was effective in treating IPA, with a CO2 yield of up to 95% at a heating zone temperature (Tset) = 400 °C under various conditions. It also had the largest tolerance of variations in inlet IPA concentration and gas velocity (Ug). This 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst in a RCO performed well in terms of TRE, pressure drop and selectivity to CO2. The TRE range in a RCO was from 87.8 to 91.2% under various conditions, and decreased as Ug increased in a fixed Tset. The pressure drop increased with Ug and Tset. The selectivity to CO2 increased to over 95% at 300 °C, and that to propene remained at 2–5% from 200 to 400 °C. Finally, the stability test results indicated that the 20 wt.% Cu–Co/(CH) catalyst was very stable at various CO2 yields and temperatures.

Jie-Chung Lou; Shih-Wei Huang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A randomized trial evaluating an mHealth system to monitor and enhance adherence to pharmacotherapy for alcohol use disorders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonadherence to prescribed medication regimens is a substantial barrier to the pharmacological management of alcohol use disorders. The availability of low-cost, sustainable interventions that maximize medication...

Susan A Stoner; Christian S Hendershot

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Restraint stress exacerbates alcohol-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cumulative exposure to multiple stresses may lead to aggravating the toxicity of each stress, qualitatively or quantitatively altering biological responses because of toxicological interaction. In this study, we intended to determine the possible effects of restraint stress on reproductive toxicity due to ethanol usage in male rats. Early pubertal male Wistar rats were subjected to either restraint stress (5 h/day) or alcohol intoxication (2 mg/kg body weight) or both for 60 days. Body weights of control and experimental rats were similar during the 60 days of this study. Testes were harvested, weighed, and prepared for enzyme assays, and cauda epididymides were isolated for the determination of density, motility, and viability of stored spermatozoa. Restraint stress or alcohol treatment significantly reduced testis weight and caused significant reductions in steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis. Mean density, motility, and viability of stored spermatozoa were reduced in experimental rats. Plasma testosterone concentrations in rats subjected to restraint stress or alcohol were decreased compared with those of controls, concomitant with increased concentrations of LH and FSH in experimental rats. These data suggest that sub-chronic exposure to restraint stress or alcohol contribute to reduce testicular and epididymal function in exposed rats. The study also suggests that restraint stress exacerbates alcohol-induced reproductive toxicity in rats.

P. Hari Priya; B.P. Girish; P. Sreenivasula Reddy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Traumatic brain injury induces neuroinflammation and neuronal degeneration that is associated with escalated alcohol self-administration in rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects millions of people each year and is characterized by direct tissue injury followed by a neuroinflammatory response. The post-TBI recovery period can be associated with a negative emotional state characterized by alterations in affective behaviors implicated in the development of Alcohol Use Disorder in humans. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that post-TBI neuroinflammation is associated with behavioral dysfunction, including escalated alcohol intake. Methods Adult male Wistar rats were trained to self-administer alcohol prior to counterbalanced assignment into naïve, craniotomy, and TBI groups by baseline drinking. TBI was produced by lateral fluid percussion (LFP; >2 ATM; 25 ms). Alcohol drinking and neurobehavioral function were measured at baseline and following TBI in all experimental groups. Markers of neuroinflammation (GFAP and ED1) and neurodegeneration (FJC) were determined by fluorescence histochemistry in brains excised at sacrifice 19 days post-TBI. Results The cumulative increase in alcohol intake over the 15 days post-TBI was greater in TBI animals compared to naïve controls. A higher rate of pre-injury alcohol intake was associated with a greater increase in post-injury alcohol intake in both TBI and craniotomy animals. Immediately following TBI, both TBI and craniotomy animals exhibited greater neurobehavioral dysfunction compared to naïve animals. GFAP, IBA-1, ED1, and FJC immunoreactivity at 19 days post-TBI was significantly higher in brains from TBI animals compared to both craniotomy and naïve animals. Conclusions These results show an association between post-TBI escalation of alcohol drinking and marked localized neuroinflammation at the site of injury. Moreover, these results highlight the relevance of baseline alcohol preference in determining post-TBI alcohol drinking. Further investigation to determine the contribution of neuroinflammation to increased alcohol drinking post-TBI is warranted.

Jacques P. Mayeux; Sophie X. Teng; Paige S. Katz; Nicholas W. Gilpin; Patricia E. Molina

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols. 35 figs.

Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.; Chum, H.L.; Evans, R.J.; Rejai, B.; Bain, R.L.; Overend, R.P.

1996-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

236

Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO); Chum, Helena L. (Arvada, CO); Evans, Robert J. (Lakewood, CO); Rejai, Bahman (Lakewood, CO); Bain, Richard L. (Golden, CO); Overend, Ralph P. (Lakewood, CO)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Maternal Risk Factors for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in a Province in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Maternal risk factors for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in Italy and Mediterranean cultures need clarification, as there are few studies and most are plagued by inaccurate reporting of antenatal alcohol use. Methods Maternal interviews (n = 905) were carried out in a population-based study of the prevalence and characteristics of FASD in the Lazio region of Italy which provided data for multivariate case control comparisons and multiple correlation models. Results Case control findings from interviews seven years post-partum indicate that mothers of children with FASD are significantly more likely than randomly-selected controls or community mothers to: be shorter; have higher body mass indexes (BMI); be married to a man with legal problems; report more drinking three months pre-pregnancy; engage in more current drinking and drinking alone; and have alcohol problems in her family. Logistic regression analysis of multiple candidate predictors of a FASD diagnosis indicates that alcohol problems in the child's family is the most significant risk factor, making a diagnosis within the continuum of FASD 9 times more likely (95% C.I. = 1.6 to 50.7). Sequential multiple regression analysis of the child's neuropsychological performance also identifies alcohol problems in the child's family as the only significant maternal risk variable (p<.001) when controlling for other potential risk factors. Conclusions Underreporting of prenatal alcohol use has been demonstrated among Italian and other Mediterranean antenatal samples, and it was suspected in this sample. Nevertheless, several significant maternal risk factors for FASD have been identified.

Mauro Ceccanti; Daniela Fiorentino; Giovanna Coriale; Wendy O. Kalberg; David Buckley; H. Eugene Hoyme; J. Phillip Gossage; Luther K. Robinson; Melanie Manning; Marina Romeo; Julie M. Hasken; Barbara Tabachnick; Jason Blankenship; Philip A. May

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Endorcine Effects of Pyrethroid Pesticide Esfenvalerate Metabolites; 3-Phenoxybenzyl Alcohol and 3-Phenoxybenzoic Acid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-phenoxybenzyl alcohol are two metabolites common to many of the type I and type II pyrethroid pesticides. In vitro experiments were conducted in our laboratory using MCF-7 estrogen dependent breast cancer cells. These cells were grown in 96 well plates...) and .001 (.56 nm) mM both also showed proliferation greater than 1nM (.54 nm) estradiol at day 5. In vivo experiments were conducted by dosing immature female Sprague Dawley rats with 10mg/kg esfenvalerate, 10mg/kg 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol, and 10mg...

Chavez, Marco

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

Structural and electronic properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) using density functional theory  

SciTech Connect

The first principles calculations have been carried out to investigate the structural, electronic band structure density of states along with the projected density of states for poly(vinyl alcohol). Our structural calculation suggests that the poly(vinyl alcohol) exhibits monoclinic structure. The calculated structural lattice parameters are in excellent agreement with available experimental values. The band structure calculations reveal that the direct and indirect band gaps are 5.55 eV and 5.363 eV respectively in accordance with experimental values.

Dabhi, Shweta, E-mail: shwetadabhi1190@gmail.com; Jha, Prafulla K., E-mail: shwetadabhi1190@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Maharaja Krishnakumasinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar-364001 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

The effect of chronic ethanol consumption on enzyme activities of the energy-supplying metabolism and the alcohol-aldehyde oxidizing system in rat hearts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated in rat hearts if chronic alcohol consumption causes an enzymatic adaption of the energy-supplying metabolism and/or of the alcohol- ... with a liquid diet for 10 weeks. Ethanol was added to this d...

Dr. H. H. Klein; U. Spaar; H. Kreuzer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Are denatured proteins ever random coils?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exponential function. The study by Pappu et al. shows that the number of states...will require more studies like that of Pappu et al. and doubtless will require an...Macromolecules 9 : 41 – 47 , 1249990 . 4 Pappu R V Srinivasan R Rose G D ( 2000 ) Proc Natl Acad...

Robert L. Baldwin; Bruno H. Zimm

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Alcohol Quantity and Type on Risk of Recurrent Gout Attacks: An Internet-based Case-crossover Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjectives Although beer and liquor have been associated with risk of incident gout, wine has not. Yet anecdotally, wine is thought to trigger gout attacks. Further, how much alcohol intake is needed to increase the risk of gout attack is not known. We examined the quantity and type of alcohol consumed on risk of recurrent gout attacks. Methods We conducted a prospective Internet-based case-crossover study in the US among participants with gout and who had at least one attack during the 1 year of follow-up. We evaluated the association of alcohol intake over the prior 24 hours as well as the type of alcoholic beverage with risk of recurrent gout attack, adjusting for potential time-varying confounders. Results This study included 724 participants with gout (78% men, mean age 54 years). There was a significant dose-response relationship between amount of alcohol consumption and risk of recurrent gout attacks (P gout attack was 1.36 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI, 1.09-2.09) times higher for >1-2 and >2-4 alcoholic beverages, respectively, compared with no alcohol consumption in the prior 24 hours. Consuming wine, beer, or liquor was each associated with an increased risk of gout attack. Conclusions Episodic alcohol consumption, regardless of type of alcoholic beverage, was associated with an increased risk of recurrent gout attacks, including potentially with moderate amounts. Individuals with gout should limit alcohol intake of all types to reduce the risk of recurrent gout attacks.

Tuhina Neogi; Clara Chen; Jingbo Niu; Christine Chaisson; David J. Hunter; Yuqing Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been Contact us My IOPscience #12;Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood K conversion of biomass provide a great variety of products: oils, alcohols and gases. After treatment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

Preparation of novel carbon microfiber/carbon nanofiber-dispersed polyvinyl alcohol-based nanocomposite material for lithium-ion electrolyte battery separator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 2012 Keywords: Li-ion battery separator Polyvinyl alcohol Carbon micro-nanofibers Suspension acetate to produce polyvinyl alcohol gel, ball-milling of the surfactant dispersed carbon micro of the polyvinyl alcohol gel formation, and the mixing of hydro- phobic reagents along with polyethylene glycol

Singh, Jayant K.

245

Synthesis of higher alcohols from carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a slurry reactor  

SciTech Connect

Higher, i.e. C{sub 2{sup +}}, alcohols are desired as gasoline additives, feedstocks for producing ethers and as alternative fuels for automobiles. In all cases, the backbone branching of an alcohol improves octane rating, which is essential for good engine performance. These types of branched, higher alcohols are the desired products for a process converting synthesis gas, a CO and H{sub 2} mixture, often generated from coal gasification. Based on this premise, promoted ZnCr oxide catalysts appear to be as one of the best avenues for further investigation. Once this investigation is complete, a natural extension is to replace the Cr in the ZnCr oxide catalyst with Mo and W, both in the same elemental triad with Cr. Mo has already been shown as an active HAS catalyst, both on a SiO{sub 2} support and in the MoS{sub 2} form. The three catalyst combinations, ZnMo, ZnW, and MnCr oxides will be tested in the stirred autoclave system. However, if none of the three indicate any comparable activity and/or selectivity toward higher alcohols as compared with other HAS catalysts, then an investigation of the effects of Cs promotion on the ZnCr oxide methanol catalysts will be executed.

McCutchen, M.S.

1992-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

246

Miniature Enzyme-Based Electrodes for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide Release from Alcohol-Injured Hepatocytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated by hepatocytes has not been undertaken to the best of our knowledge. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2Miniature Enzyme-Based Electrodes for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide Release from Alcohol clinical and experimental studies, it has been found that the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS

Ferrara, Katherine W.

247

Stimulation of Fermentation and Yeast-like Morphogenesis in Mucor rouxii by Phenethyl Alcohol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of M. rouxii (IM 80) only if the gas phase contained C02, and this specific effect...could nevertheless produce a yeast-like phase in an- aerobiosis without exogenously...EFFECT OF PHENETHYL ALCOHOL ON M. ROUXII hydrate metabolism of yeast p. 289-306. In...

H. F. Terenzi; R. Storck

1969-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Synthesis of higher alcohols on copper catalysts supported on alkali-promoted basic oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in higher alcohol synthesis and water±gas shift (WGS) reactions reversibly inhibits the formation. A detailed kinetic analysis shows that chain growth probabilities are very similar on K±CuyMg5CeOx and Cs of their higher water tolerance, reduced fuel volatility and lower vapor lock tendency, and also because

Iglesia, Enrique

249

Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Bioenergy Technologies Office develops design cases to understand the current state of conversion technologies and to determine where improvements need to take place in the future. This design case establishes cost targets for converting MSW to ethanol and other mixed alcohols via gasification.

250

Raman spectroscopic measurement of oxidation in supercritical water. 2: Conversion of isopropyl alcohol to acetone  

SciTech Connect

The oxidation of isopropyl alcohol in supercritical water has been investigated using Raman spectroscopy. Results for species concentration as a function of residence-time are presented for temperatures ranging from 400 to 480 C at constant pressure, 24.4 {+-} 0.3 MPa, and constant equivalence ratio, 0.88 {+-} 0.0. Acetone has been identified as the principal intermediate formed and subsequently destroyed, during the oxidation process. By assuming first-order kinetics for the destruction of both isopropyl alcohol and acetone, effective first-order rate constants have been determined from fits of the experimental data. Assuming Arrhenius behavior, the fits yield rate constants for isopropyl alcohol, k{sub eff,ipa} = 3.255 {times} 10{sup 22}(s{sup {minus}1}) exp [{minus}301.1 (kJ/mol)/RT], and for acetone, k{sub eff,ace} = 1.948 {times} 10{sup 10}(s{sup {minus}1}) exp[{minus}137.7(kJ/mol)/RT]. These results indicate that for temperatures greater than 425 C, the destruction of isopropyl alcohol proceeds faster than that of acetone.

Hunter, T.B.; Rice, S.F.; Hanush, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility] [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

LEHIGH UNIVERSITY REQUEST TO SERVE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AT UNIVERSITY-SPONSORED EVENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as indicated above, and for the catering of food by Lehigh University Dining Services, on the above indicated amounts of hors d'oeuvres or other food, as determined by Lehigh University Dining Services, in relation: Phone: Email: Date of Event: Event Title: Alcohol Service: Begin Time: End Time: Check here if wine

Napier, Terrence

252

Glucose Oxidase Encapsulated Polyvinyl Alcohol–Silica Hybrid Films for an Electrochemical Glucose Sensing Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An amperometric glucose enzyme electrode was developed by the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOD) in a composite material based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and partially prehydrolyzed tetraethyl orthosilicate (pphTEOS) on the surface of “in-house” fabricated graphite electrodes. ... Template-Synthesized Nanoscopic Gold Particles: Optical Spectra and the Effects of Particle Size and Shape ...

Umesh Lad; Girish M. Kale; Rayna Bryaskova

2013-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

253

Thermal Processing Techniques to Improve Metal Sulfide Mixed Alcohol Catalyst Performance  

SciTech Connect

Research over several decades by several institutions has shown that alkali-promoted metal sulfide catalysts are capable of producing mixed alcohols from syngas with high selectivity and yield. Unfortunately, process models suggest that syngas to mixed alcohol processes, and especially thermochemical biomass to mixed alcohol processes, require improvements to sulfide catalyst activity and/or selectivity for acceptable economics. These improvements, if incremental, cannot result in increased process complexity, capital expenditure, or catalyst costs. It is well accepted among catalyst researchers that thermal processing techniques like calcining and reduction can have profound effects on the properties and performance of finished catalysts, and that small variations in thermal processing do not usually affect the overall cost of the catalyst. Metal sulfide catalysts are no exception but surprisingly, little attention has been given to the effects of thermal treatment on bulk metal sulfide mixed alcohol catalysts. This presentation will discuss how parameters like temperature, dwell time, metal ratios, and purge gas affect the performance and physical properties of K-Co/Mo catalysts.

Hensley, J.; Menart, M.; Costelow, K.; Thibodeaux, J.; Yung, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Alcohol fuels. 1978-June, 1980 (citations from the NTIS Data Base). Report for 1978-Jun 80  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography covers Federally-funded research on alcohol based fuels that may be used in the future as a fuel source. The citations cover synthesis, chemical analysis, performance testing, processing, pollution, economics, environmental effects, and feasibility. (This updated bibliography contains 245 citations, 110 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Cavagnaro, D.M.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Alcohol fuels. 1978-June, 1980 (citations from the NTIS Data Base). Report for 1978-Jun 80  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography covers Federally-funded research on alcohol based fuels, including gasohol, that may be used in the future as a fuel source. The citations cover bioconversion of solid wastes, synthesis, chemical analysis, performance testing, processing, pollution, economics, environmental effects, and feasibility. (This updated bibliography contains 245 citations, none of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Level of osteopenia and bone recovery in alcohol-fed adolescent rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption on young, actively growing adolescent bones have not been done. The objective of this study was to determine the level of bone recovery, if any, once an adolescent ceases alcohol consumption. Fifty, 4-week old, female, Sprague-Dawley rats were...

Spears, Heather Lynae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

Alcohol Consumption and Lung Cancer: A Review of the Epidemiologic Evidence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...particularly beer intake may increase lung cancer risk after...has been suggested to increase lung cancer risk in a...that alcohol intake may increase lung cancer risk (3...criteria to assess the quality of the studies were assessment...usual consumption of wine (including Japanese...

Elisa V. Bandera; Jo L. Freudenheim; and John E. Vena

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Effect of Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Laryngeal Cancer Risk in Coastal Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...separate measures for beer, wine, and hard liquor intake...interviewer-assessed poor quality data, leaving 151 cases...while nonsignificant increases in risk were associated...few respondents drank wine. Compared to nondrinkers...alcohol intake tended to increase and then taper off...

Roni T. Falk; Linda W. Pickle; Linda Morris Brown; Thomas J. Mason; Patricia A. Buffler; and Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr.

1989-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Purification of a Water Extract of Chinese Sweet Tea Plant (Rubus suavissimus S. Lee) by Alcohol Precipitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification of a Water Extract of Chinese Sweet Tea Plant (Rubus suavissimus S. Lee) by Alcohol Precipitation ... To purify this water extract for potential elevated bioactivity, an alcohol precipitation (AP) consisting of gradient regimens was applied, and its resultants were examined through colorimetric and HPLC analyses. ... Prior to performing alcohol precipitation of the aqueous extract samples, various extract-to-water ratios ranging from 1:4 w/v to 1:8 w/v were tested to determine the amount of precipitant (thus the reciprocal amount of the purified extract) caused by extract solubility itself. ...

Gar Yee Koh; Guixin Chou; Zhijun Liu

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

260

Consumption, possession or purchase of alcoholic beverages by any person less than twenty-one (21) years of age. Distribution of alcoholic beverages to anyone less than twenty-one (21) years of age.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Rule #1 Consumption, possession or purchase of alcoholic beverages by any person less than twenty from the Office of Student Conduct. #12;2 Rule #1 (continued) Consumption, possession or purchase

Suzuki, Masatsugu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Last Step of Syringyl Monolignol Biosynthesis in Angiosperms Is Regulated by a Novel Gene Encoding Sinapyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...article. This work was supported by the Energy Biosciences Program, United States Department of Energy, and a Michigan Technological University...accumulation of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase from Norway spruce (Picea abies). Plant Mol. Biol...

Laigeng Li; Xiao Fei Cheng; Jacqueline Leshkevich; Toshiaki Umezawa; Scott A. Harding; Vincent L. Chiang

262

Fabrication of ultrafine carbon fibers possessing a nanoporous structure from electrospun polyvinyl alcohol fibers containing silica nanoparticles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafine carbon fibers with a nanoporous structure were fabricated by the template method using silica nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in fibers of approximate diameter 500 nm, electrospun from an aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol, CoCl2, ...

Koichi Sawada, Shinji Sakai, Masahito Taya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Size distribution of associated clusters in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the frame of SAFT approach Ji� Janecek and Patrice Paricaud Citation: J. Chem. Phys. 139, 174502 (2013); doi in liquid alcohols: Interpretation of simulation results in the frame of SAFT approach Jir� Janecek1,2,a

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Thermochemical Ethanol via Direct Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermochemical Ethanol via Thermochemical Ethanol via Direct Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass A. Dutta and S.D. Phillips Technical Report NREL/TP-510-45913 July 2009 Technical Report Thermochemical Ethanol via NREL/TP-510-45913 Direct Gasification and Mixed July 2009 Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass A. Dutta and S.D. Phillips Prepared under Task No. BB07.3710 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

265

Hybridization of sugar alcohols into brucite interlayers via a melt intercalation process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the preparation of organic-brucite (BR) hybrids using harmless sugar alcohols (xylitol, XYL, and sorbitol, SOR). Since XYL and SOR are solid materials at room temperature, the hybridization was investigated by comparing two separate methods, hydrothermal treatment and melt mixing. BR-sugar alcohol hybrids were successfully prepared by a melt intercalation method at 175 °C. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses indicated that organic molecules were intercalated into the brucite layers, overcoming the barrier of hydroxyl bonds between the BR layers. Moreover, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analyses showed that the intercalated materials at 175 °C resulted in the formation of covalent Mg–O–C bond linkages on the interlayer surface of BR.

Kazuya Morimoto; Kenji Tamura; Tamao Hatta; Seiko Nemoto; Takuya Echigo; Jinhua Ye; Hirohisa Yamada

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Roles of Drinking Pattern and Type of Alcohol Consumed in Coronary Heart Disease in Men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...smoking status; quintiles of body-mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters); use or nonuse of aspirin; physical exertion (in five categories); presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes, and a parental history of premature myocardial infarction; energy intake... It is widely accepted that moderate alcohol consumption protects against coronary heart disease. This large study in men adds new information by assessing the roles of the drinking pattern and the type of beverage consumed. Men who drank alcohol at least three to four times per week had a reduced risk of myocardial infarction. The association was strongest with beer and liquor, the predominant types of beverage consumed by this population.

Mukamal K.J.; Conigrave K.M.; Mittleman M.A.

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

267

Bonding, vibrational, and electrical characteristics of CdS nanostructures embedded in polyvinyl alcohol matrix  

SciTech Connect

CdS nanocomposites have been grown in polyvinyl alcohol matrix by a chemical synthesis process. The transmission electron micrographs of nanocomposites synthesized at 70-90 deg. C temperature showed the growth of needlelike and junctionlike nanostructures. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis revealed the growth of stoichiometric CdS without the formation of any intermediate phases at the CdS-polyvinyl alcohol interface. Raman spectra of first order longitudinal optical phonon peak has been analyzed using phonon dispersion model to detect the surface phonon modes in CdS nanoneedles and wires. The origin of negative differential resistance behavior in current-voltage characteristics for junctionlike CdS nanocomposites has been discussed.

Mondal, S. P.; Dhar, A.; Ray, S. K. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721 302 (India); Chakraborty, A. K. [Laboratory for Mechanical Systems Engineering EMPA, Duebendorf, Zurich, CH-8600 (Switzerland)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Mechanisms of alcohol-induced neuroteratology: an examination of the roles of fetal cerebral blood flow and hypoxia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al., 1994). However, experiments in rats (which are typically more genetically homogenous) have indirectly supported these findings. Studies of optic nerve development and myelination during developmental alcohol exposure have shown hypoplasia.... Excitotoxicity has been indirectly demonstrated after acute alcohol exposure in early postnatal rats through inhibition of N- methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (Thomas et al., 1997, 2001). This inhibition of excitotoxicity led to reductions in the behavioral...

Parnell, Scott Edward

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

269

Homogeneous nucleation rates of higher n -alcohols measured in a laminar flow diffusion chamber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nucleation rate isotherms of n-butanol n-pentanol n-hexanol n-heptanol and n-octanol were measured in a laminar flowdiffusion chamber using helium as carrier gas. The measurements were made at 250–310 K corresponding to reduced temperatures of 0.43–0.50 and at atmospheric pressure. Experimental nucleation rate range was from 10 3 to 10 7 ? cm ?3 ? s ?1 . The expression and accuracy of thermodynamic parameters in particular equilibrium vapor pressure were found to have a significant effect on calculated nucleation rates. The results were compared to the classical nucleation theory (CNT) the self-consistency corrected classical theory (SCC) and the Hale’s scaled model of the CNT. The average ratio between the experimental and theoretical nucleation rates for all alcohols used was 1.5×10 3 when the CNT was used and 0.2×10 ?1 when the SCC was used and 0.7×10 ?1 when the Hale’s scaled theory was used. The average values represent all the alcohols used at the same reduced temperatures. The average ratio was about the same throughout the temperature range although J exp /J the calculated with the Hale’s scaled theory increased slightly with increasing temperature. The saturation ratio dependency was predicted closest to experiment with the classical nucleation theory. The nucleation rates were compared to those found in the literature. The measurements were in reasonable agreement with each other. The molecular content of critical alcohol clusters was between 35 and 80 molecules. At a fixed reduced temperature the number of molecules in a critical cluster decreased as a function of alcohol carbon chain length. The number of molecules in critical clusters was compared to those predicted by the Kelvin equation. The theory predicted the critical cluster sizes well.

Antti-Pekka Hyvärinen; Heikki Lihavainen; Yrjö Viisanen; Markku Kulmala

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

An evaluation of pocket-model, numerical readout breath alcohol testing instruments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Beth Tessandori and Dr. Jerry Elledge. My appreciation is also extended to those who helped me corral and monitor the participants, including Donna Adler, Romona Clark, Jodi Luecke and Christie Dickson. Most of all, I thank the good Lord, who... also provide a digital readout of BrAC, either two or three digits to the right of the decimal. Passive alcohol sensors (PASs) surreptitiously collect normally exhaled breath from drivers during an interaction with law enforcement personnel...

Van Tassel, William Edward

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Maternal adrenocorticotropin, cortisol and thyroid hormone responses to chronic binge alcohol exposure throughout gestation: ovine model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-axis and thyroid gland to intermittent exposure to different concentrations of alcohol throughout pregnancy as potential indicators of abnormal fetal concentrations of these hormones possibly contributing to ARBD... throughout the worldalthough certain populations seem be more affected than others (Riley and McGee, 2005). There is an ongoing need to educate women about the potential risks associated with drinking during pregnancy, but it is also clear that more...

Tress, Ursula

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Nuclear magnetic resonance measurements reveal the origin of the Debye process in monohydroxy alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monohydroxy alcohols show a structural relaxation and at longer time scales a Debye-type dielectric peak. From spin-lattice relaxation experiments using different nuclear probes an intermediate, slower-than-structural dynamics is identified for n-butanol. Based on these findings and on diffusion measurements, a model of self-restructuring, transient chains is proposed. The model is demonstrated to explain consistently the so far puzzling observations made for this class of hydrogen-bonded glass forming liquids.

C. Gainaru; R. Meier; S. Schildmann; C. Lederle; W. Hiller; E. A. Rössler; R. Böhmer

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

273

Modifications in the correlation function in poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica hybrid wet gels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small-angle X-ray scattering was used to study modifications in the correlation function in tetraethoxysilane-derived poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica hybrids. An additional scattering at low q was found to overlap the fundamental mass-fractal scattering from the basic silica. The fraction of both contributions to the total correlation function was estimated; this is the first time that such a study has been carried out for mass-fractal structures.

Vollet, D.R.

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

274

Neutron-reflectometry study of alcohol adsorption on various DLC coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings are notable for their excellent tribological properties. Our understanding of the lubrication of DLC coatings has improved drastically over the past decade. However, only a few details are known about the properties of the adsorbed layers on DLC, which crucially affect their tribological properties under lubricated conditions. In this work we used neutron reflectometry to determine the thickness and the density of adsorbed layers of alcohol molecules on several different types of DLC coatings, i.e., non-hydrogenated (a-C) and hydrogenated, of which both non-doped (a-C:H) and doped (a-C:H:F and a-C:H:Si) coatings were used. The results showed that a 0.9-nm-thick and relatively dense (?45%) layer of alcohol adsorbed on the a-C coating. In contrast, no adsorption layer was found on the a-C:H, confirming the important role of hydrogen, which predominantly acts as a dangling-bond passivation source and affects the reactivity and tribochemistry of DLC coatings. The incorporation of F into a DLC coating also did not cause an increase in the adsorption ability with respect to alcohol molecules. On the contrary, the incorporation of Si increased the reactivity of the DLC coating so that a 1.3-nm-thick alcohol layer with a 35% bulk density was detected on the surface. We also discuss the very good agreement of the current results with the surface energy of selected coatings found in these experiments.

M. Kalin; R. Simi?; T. Hirayama; T. Geue; P. Korelis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Correlation between speciated hydrocarbon emissions and flame ionization detector response for gasoline/alcohol blends .  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. renewable fuel standard has made it a requirement to increase the production of ethanol and advanced biofuels to 36 billion by 2022. Ethanol will be capped at 15 billion, which leaves 21 billion to come from other sources such as butanol. Butanol has a higher energy density and lower affinity for water than ethanol. Moreover, alcohol fueled engines in general have been shown to positively affect engine-out emissions of oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide compared with their gasoline fueled counterparts. In light of these developments, the variety and blend levels of oxygenated constituents is likely to increase in the foreseeable future. The effect on engine-out emissions for total hydrocarbons is less clear due to the relative insensitivity of the flame ionization detector (FID) toward alcohols and aldehydes. It is well documented that hydrocarbon (HC) measurement using a conventional FID in the presence of oxygenates in the engine exhaust stream can lead to a misinterpretation of HC emissions trends for alcohol fuel blends. Characterization of the exhaust stream for all expected hydrocarbon constituents is required to accurately determine the actual concentration of unburned fuel components in the exhaust. In addition to a conventional exhaust emissions bench, this characterization requires supplementary instrumentation capable of hydrocarbon speciation and response factor independent quantification. Although required for certification testing, this sort of instrumentation is not yet widely available in engine development facilities. Therefore, an attempt is made to empirically determine FID correction factors for oxygenate fuels. Exhaust emissions of an engine fueled with several blends of gasoline and ethanol, n-butanol and iso-Butanol were characterized using both a conventional FID and a Fourier transform infrared. Based on these results, a response factor predicting the actual hydrocarbon emissions based solely on FID results as a function of alcohol type and content is presented. Finally, the correlation derived from data presented in this study is compared with equations and results found in the literature.

Wallner, T. (Energy Systems)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling ... The measured data as well as previously published solubility data of glucose and fructose in these ILs were modeled by means of PC-SAFT using a molecular-based associative approach for ILs. ... PC-SAFT was used in this work as it has shown to be applicable to model the solubility of xylitol and sorbitol in ILs (Paduszy?ski; et al. ...

Aristides P. Carneiro; Christoph Held; Oscar Rodríguez; Gabriele Sadowski; Eugénia A. Macedo

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

277

Adsorption and Reaction of C(1)-C(3) Alcohols over CeO(x)(111) Thin Films  

SciTech Connect

This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub X}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

Mullins, David R [ORNL; Senanayake, Sanjaya D [ORNL; Chen, Tsung-Liang [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters  

SciTech Connect

The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and theoretically with coupled cluster CCSD(T) theory and density functional theory. The reactions of two alcohols per M3O9 cluster are required to provide agreement with experiment for D2O release, dehydrogenation and dehydration. The reaction begins with the elimination of water by proton transfers and forms an intermediate dialkoxy species which can undergo further reaction. Dehydration proceeds by a ? hydrogen transfer to a terminal M=O. Dehydrogenation takes place via an ? hydrogen transfer to an adjacent MoVI = O atom or a WVI metal center with redox involved for M = Mo and no redox for M = W. The two channels have comparable activation energies. H/D exchange to produce alcohols can take place after olefin is released or via the dialkoxy species depending on the alcohol and the cluster. The Lewis acidity of the metal center with WVI being larger than MoVI results in the increased reactivity of W3O9 over Mo3O9 for dehydrogenation and dehydration.

Fang, Zongtang; Li, Zhenjun; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Li, Shenggang; Hennigan, Jamie M.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

Activation of farnesoid X receptor attenuates hepatic injury in a murine model of alcoholic liver disease  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. •Activation of FXR attenuated alcohol-induced liver injury and steatosis. •Activation of FXR attenuated cholestasis and oxidative stress in mouse liver. -- Abstract: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common cause of advanced liver disease, and considered as a major risk factor of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatic cholestasis is a pathophysiological feature observed in all stages of ALD. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and plays an essential role in the regulation of bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis. However, the role of FXR in the pathogenesis and progression of ALD remains largely unknown. Mice were fed Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet or an isocaloric control diet. We used a specific agonist of FXR WAY-362450 to study the effect of pharmacological activation of FXR in alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we demonstrated that FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. Activation of FXR by specific agonist WAY-362450 protected mice from the development of ALD. We also found that WAY-362450 treatment rescued FXR activity, suppressed ethanol-induced Cyp2e1 up-regulation and attenuated oxidative stress in liver. Our results highlight a key role of FXR in the modulation of ALD development, and propose specific FXR agonists for the treatment of ALD patients.

Wu, Weibin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhu, Bo; Peng, Xiaomin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhou, Meiling, E-mail: meilingzhou2012@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China); Jia, Dongwei, E-mail: jiadongwei@fudan.edu.cn [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Gu, Jianxin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Hispanic Americans Baseline Alcohol Survey (HABLAS): Rates and predictors of DUI across Hispanic national groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines rates of self-reported driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol and 12-month and lifetime DUI arrest rates among Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans and South/Central Americans in the U.S. population. Using a multistage cluster sample design, a total of 5224 individuals 18 years of age and older were selected from the household population in five metropolitan areas of the U.S.: Miami, New York, Philadelphia, Houston and Los Angeles. The survey weighted response rate was 76%. Among men, 21% of Mexican Americans, 19.9% of South/Central Americans, 11.6% of Puerto Ricans and 6.9% of Cuban Americans reported DUI. Rates were lower among women, ranging from 9.7% for Mexican Americans to 1.3% for Cuban Americans. Mexican American men had the highest 12-month arrest rate (1.6%) and the highest lifetime arrest rate (11.2%). Drinkers who reported DUI were heavier drinkers than those not reporting DUI according to a variety of indicators. However, most DUI incidents involved non-alcohol-dependent drivers. Mexican Americans and South Central/Americans, men, younger drivers, those with less than high school education, those with higher income and higher alcohol consumption were more likely to report DUI and DUI arrests. These findings show that Hispanic national groups in the U.S. are diverse regarding drinking and DUI-related experiences.

Raul Caetano; Suhasini Ramisetty-Mikler; Lori A. Rodriguez

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Discusses results of cold- and hot-start transient tests using gasoline and 3 alcohol-gasoline blends (50% and 85% ethanol, and 83% iso-butanol)

282

The effects of acute alcohol exposure on the response properties of neurons in visual cortex area 17 of cats  

SciTech Connect

Physiological and behavioral studies have demonstrated that a number of visual functions such as visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and motion perception can be impaired by acute alcohol exposure. The orientation- and direction-selective responses of cells in primary visual cortex are thought to participate in the perception of form and motion. To investigate how orientation selectivity and direction selectivity of neurons are influenced by acute alcohol exposure in vivo, we used the extracellular single-unit recording technique to examine the response properties of neurons in primary visual cortex (A17) of adult cats. We found that alcohol reduces spontaneous activity, visual evoked unit responses, the signal-to-noise ratio, and orientation selectivity of A17 cells. In addition, small but detectable changes in both the preferred orientation/direction and the bandwidth of the orientation tuning curve of strongly orientation-biased A17 cells were observed after acute alcohol administration. Our findings may provide physiological evidence for some alcohol-related deficits in visual function observed in behavioral studies.

Chen Bo [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China); Xia Jing; Li Guangxing [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Zhou Yifeng, E-mail: zhouy@ustc.edu.c [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101 (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Role of alkyl alcohol on viscosity of silica-based chemical gels for decontamination of highly radioactive nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect

Silica-based chemical gel for the decontamination of nuclear facilities was prepared by using fumed silica as a viscosifier, a 0.5 M Ce (IV) solution dissolved in concentrated nitric acid as a chemical decontamination agent, and tripropylene glycol butyl ether (TPGBE) as a co-viscosifier. A new effective strategy for the preparation of the chemical gel was investigated by introducing the alkyl alcohols as organic solvents to effectively dissolve the co-viscosifier. The mixture solution of the co-viscosifier and alkyl alcohols was more effective in the control of viscosity than that of the co-viscosifier only in gel. Here, the alkyl alcohols played a key role as an effective dissolution solvent for the co-viscosifier in the preparation of the chemical gel, resulting in a reducing of the amount of the co-viscosifier and gel time compared with that of the chemical gel prepared without the alkyl alcohols. It was considered that the alkyl alcohols contributed to the effective dissolution of the co-viscosifier as well as the homogeneous mixing in the formation of the gel, while the co-viscosifier in an aqueous media of the chemical decontamination agent solution showed a lower solubility. The decontamination efficiency of the chemical gels prepared in this work using a multi-channel analyzer (MCA) showed a high decontamination efficiency of over ca. 94% and ca. 92% for Co-60 and Cs-137 contaminated on surface of the stainless steel 304, respectively. (authors)

Choi, B. S.; Yoon, S. B.; Jung, C. H.; Lee, K. W.; Moon, J. K. [Div. of Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Development, Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Vehicle-emission characteristics using mechanically emulsified alcohol/diesel fuels  

SciTech Connect

A light-duty diesel vehicle fueled with an emulsified alcohol/diesel fuel was operated under cyclic mode. Emission and fuel economy measurements were taken during vehicle operation. The test results showed the volumetric fuel economy decreased slightly. Carbon monoxide emissions increased slightly, and oxides of nitrogen showed no significant change. Particulate emissions were reduced slightly, and the particulate extractables increased slightly. The environmental effect of these data cancel each other resulting in no significant changes in the total release of biological activity into the environment.

Allsup, J.R.; Seizinger, D.E.; Cox, F.W.; Brook, A.L.; McClellan, R.O.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

286

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria in the system methyl propanoate + n-butyl alcohol  

SciTech Connect

Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria were determined at 74.66, 101.32, and 127.99 kPa for binary mixtures containing methyl propanoate + n-butyl alcohol by using a dynamic still with vapor and liquid circulation. No azeotrope was detected. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the point to point test. Application of the group-contribution models ASOG, UNIFAC, and modified UNIFAC to the activity coefficients at the three pressures studied gives average errors of less than 10%, 11%, and 3%, respectively.

Susial, P.; Ortega, J. (Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (Spain). Lab. de Termodinamica y Fisicoquimica)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201402244 Chemocatalytic Upgrading of Tailored Fermentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for blending with gasoline,[7­9] production of longer chain alcohols for jet and diesel blendstocks suffers reported a chemical catalysis route to generate aliphatic ketones (C5­C19) that are components of gasoline

Toste, Dean

288

High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect

The results shown in Figures 10 and 11 demonstrate that the formation of butenes was very sensitive to the alcohol partial pressure. A small elevation of the alcohol pressure suppressed the formation of butenes rather drastically at both 90 and 117{degree}C. The synthesis rates of DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers were not significantly affected at 90{degree}C, although there was a trend to increase the space time yield of DME as the alcohol pressure was increased. At the reaction temperature of 117{degree}C, all of the ethers showed increasing productivities as the pressure of the reactants was increased (Figure 11). An isotope labelling experiment was carried out to provide mechanistic insight into the manner in which methanol and isobutanol react together to form DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers and to determine if MTBE were derived from MIBE.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Menszak, J.; Johansson, M.A.; Feeley, O.C.; Kim, D.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

Butler, Laurie J.

290

Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained by an Enzymatic Method with Whole Blood Levels Forensically Determined by Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Comparison of Hospital Laboratory Serum Alcohol Levels Obtained...212 consecutive patients admitted to a hospital trauma center, serum was assayed for...least 0.080 g/dL. Comparison of hospital laboratory serum alcohol levels obtained......

Matthew T. Barnhill; Jr.; Donald Herbert; David J. Wells; Jr.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Investigation of syngas interaction in alcohol synthesis catalysts. Quartery technical progress report, July 1, 1995--September 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the work done on {open_quotes}Investigation of Syngas Interaction in Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts{close_quotes} during the last three months. In this report the results of the work done on the effect of CO adsorption on the magnetic character of cobalt in the Cu/Co/Cr catalysts is discussed.

Akundi, M.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Spectroscopic Measurements of Low-Temperature Heat Release for Homogeneous Combustion Compression Ignition (HCCI) n-Heptane/Alcohol Mixture Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spectroscopic Measurements of Low-Temperature Heat Release for Homogeneous Combustion Compression Ignition (HCCI) n-Heptane/Alcohol Mixture Combustion ... (6) The earlier short heat release, LTHR, is characteristic of chemical oxidation at low temperature of the hydrocarbon fuel. ... lower heating value (kJ/kg) ...

Peerawat Saisirirat; Fabrice Foucher; Somchai Chanchaona; Christine Mounai?m-Rousselle

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

293

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization that aims to create a sustainable aviation biofuels to determine the atmospheric emissions and emission sources that may be released from proposed NARA biofuels

Collins, Gary S.

294

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

Fayer, Michael D.

295

Complex SrRuO3?Pt and LaRuO3?Pt Catalysts for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex SrRuO3?Pt and LaRuO3?Pt Catalysts for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells ... While currently LaRuO3/Pt composition possesses the highest activity, optimization of perovskite structure (by doping from A and B sites) may lead even to more advanced catalysts. ...

Aidong Lan; Alexander S. Mukasyan

2008-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

296

Bioactivation of food genotoxicants 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfuryl alcohol by sulfotransferases from human, mouse and rat: a comparative study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfuryl alcohol (FFA)...k cat/K M) of HMF sulfoconjugation of human SULT1A1 (13.7 s?1 M?1), mouse Sult1a1 (15.8 s?1 M?1) and 1d1 (4.8 s?1 M?1) and r...

Benjamin Sachse; Walter Meinl; Yasmin Sommer; Hansruedi Glatt…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Measurements of Drinking Patterns in the General Population and Possible Applications in Studies of the Role of Alcohol in Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the fiscal interest of the state in alcohol as a lucrative vehicle for taxation. The statistics are thus often not specifically...sorts of studies when the much simpler homework of charting ecological correlations has only begun. But there are 2 reasons that...

Robin Room

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Chiral r-Substituted Carbonyls and Alcohols from the SN2 Displacement of Cuprates on Chiral Carbonates: An Alternative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of reactions, based on the anti-selective SN2 addition of cuprates to allylic carbonates, transforms alkynesChiral r-Substituted Carbonyls and Alcohols from the SN2 Displacement of Cuprates on Chiral freedom of the vinyl group in 6 during the SN2 displacement step; the stereoselectivity of the cuprate

Spino, Claude

299

Generation of SWNTs on Si Wafer by Alcohol Catalytic CVD Shigeo Maruyama, Shohei Chiashi and Yuhei Miyauchi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation of SWNTs on Si Wafer by Alcohol Catalytic CVD Shigeo Maruyama, Shohei Chiashi and Yuhei ACCVD technique, lower temperature generation of SWNTs on Al patterned Si surface should be principally possible. We tried to generate SWNTs on Si wafer by ACCVD technique. Zeolite particles supporting Fe

Maruyama, Shigeo

300

Optimization of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis -- 2011 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research to investigate the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). In recent years, this research has primarily involved the further development of catalysts containing rhodium and manganese based on the results of earlier catalyst screening tests. Research during FY 2011 continued to examine the performance of RhMn catalysts on alternative supports including selected zeolite, silica, and carbon supports. Catalyst optimization continued using both the Davisil 645 and Merck Grade 7734 silica supports. Research also was initiated in FY 2011, using the both Davisil 645 silica and Hyperion CS-02C-063 carbon supports, to evaluate the potential for further improving catalyst performance, through the addition of one or two additional metals as promoters to the catalysts containing Rh, Mn, and Ir.

Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Rummel, Becky L.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Optimization of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis – 2012 Progress Report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research to investigate the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). In recent years, this research has primarily involved the further development of catalysts containing rhodium and manganese based on the results of earlier catalyst screening tests. Testing continued in FY 2012 to further improve the Ir-promoted RhMn catalysts on both silica and carbon supports for producing mixed oxygenates from synthesis gas. This testing re-examined selected alternative silica and carbon supports to follow up on some uncertainties in the results with previous test results. Additional tests were conducted to further optimize the total and relative concentrations of Rh, Mn, and Ir, and to examine selected promoters and promoter combinations based on earlier results. To establish optimum operating conditions, the effects of the process pressure and the feed gas composition also were evaluated.

Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Thompson, Becky L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Reverse osmosis performance of modified polyvinyl alcohol thin-film composite membranes  

SciTech Connect

Membrane separation characteristics in the nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) regions of the filtration spectrum are governed by a complex combination of both steric hindrance and surface force interactions. NF and RO membranes having surface charges show unusual selectivity behavior not predicted on the basis of physical pore size alone. Hence, practical characterizations should employ techniques to gain insight on membrane function. In this work, the separation characteristics of an anionically charged modified polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) thin-film composite membrane under different operating pressures were investigated. A qualitative measurement of the surface force interactions between solutes and membrane polymer was conducted using liquid chromatography technique. An attempt was also made to study the chlorine resistance of the composite membrane.

Lang, K.; Chowdhury, G.; Matsuura, T.; Sourirajan, S. (Univ. of Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Alcohol fermentation of sweet potato. 1. Acid hydrolysis and factors involved  

SciTech Connect

Factors affecting acid hydrolysis of sweet potato powder (SPP) to fermentable sugars were examined. These include HCl concentration, temperature, time, and levels of SPP. Maximum reducing sugar, reported as dextrose equivalent (DE), was detected after 24 min hydrolysis (1% SPP) in 0.034N HCl heated at 154 degrees celcius. These samples also had 3.43% hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) based on dry weight. A high level of HMF (9.2%) was detected in 1% SPP heated at 154 degrees C in 0.10N HCl for 18 min. The lowest concentration of HMF formed (1.8%), at maximal DE of 61%, was established in samples containing 5% SPP and heated at 154 degrees C in 0.034N HCl for 48 min. Aqueous extracts of uncured SPP, examined by HPLC, contained glucose, fructose and sucrose, butdegreaded SPP had only glucose and fructose. Products of degraded SPP, under appropriate conditions, could be used for alcohol fermentation. (Refs. 18).

Azhar, A.; Hamdy, M.K.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas: Case studies, design, and economics  

SciTech Connect

This project is a combination of process simulation and catalyst development aimed at identifying the most economical method for converting coal to syngas to linear higher alcohols to be used as oxygenated fuel additives. There are two tasks. The goal of Task 1 is to discover, study, and evaluate novel heterogeneous catalytic systems for the production of oxygenated fuel enhancers from synthesis gas, and to explore, analytically and on the bench scale, novel reactor and process concepts for use in converting syngas to liquid fuel products. The goal of Task 2 is to simulate, by computer, energy efficient and economically efficient processes for converting coal to energy (fuel alcohols and/or power). The primary focus is to convert syngas to fuel alcohols. This report contains results from Task 2. The first step for Task 2 was to develop computer simulations of alternative coal to syngas to linear higher alcohol processes, to evaluate and compare the economics and energy efficiency of these alternative processes, and to make a preliminary determination as to the most attractive process configuration. A benefit of this approach is that simulations will be debugged and available for use when Task 1 results are available. Seven cases were developed using different gasifier technologies, different methods for altering the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas to the desired 1.1/1, and with the higher alcohol fuel additives as primary products and as by-products of a power generation facility. Texaco, Shell, and Lurgi gasifier designs were used to test gasifying coal. Steam reforming of natural gas, sour gas shift conversion, or pressure swing adsorption were used to alter the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas. In addition, a case using only natural gas was prepared to compare coal and natural gas as a source of syngas.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

From DSM-IV to DSM-5 alcohol use disorder: An overview of epidemiological data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has made several changes to criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). The objective of this systematic review is to assess if new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will increase the prevalence rates of AUD in clinical and non-clinical samples as compared with DSM-IV criteria. Methods We searched PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO (via ProQuest) electronic databases, with no language restrictions. We included studies with data available on both DSM-IV (and DSM-IV-TR) and DSM-5 AUD in samples of adults, estimating from each study an expected increase in prevalence rates with relevant 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Twelve studies were included in this review. Seven studies showed an increase, two no substantial difference, and three a decrease in AUD prevalence according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, with differences in rates (95% CIs) varying between ? 12.4% (? 27.4 to + 5.6%) and + 61.3% (+ 46.7 to + 77.3%). Additional analyses provided confirmatory results. Conclusions DSM-5 diagnostic criteria seem to inflate prevalence rates of AUD as compared with DSM-IV. The increasing likelihood of a DSM-5 AUD diagnosis may be explained by the amount of DSM-IV ‘diagnostic orphans’ which are more prevalent than DSM-IV single-criterion alcohol abuse individuals. Further research should be aimed to study if similar trends are detectable also for other substance use disorders that experienced similar changes in DSM-5 diagnostic criteria.

Francesco Bartoli; Giuseppe Carrà; Cristina Crocamo; Massimo Clerici

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Input Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB) Non-certified Foreign Refinery gasoline classified by an importer as blendstock to be either blended or reclassified with respect to reformulated or conventional gasoline. GTAB was classified on EIA surveys as either reformulated or conventional based on emissions performance and the intended end use in data through the end of December 2009. Designation of GTAB as reformulated or conventional was discontinued beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB was reported as a single product beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB data for January 2010 and later months is presented as conventional motor gasoline blending components whenreported as a subset of motor gasoline blending components.

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic biodegradable photoluminescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

biodegradable photoluminescent Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 216 Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering 2009, 2, 216-227 1874-764709 100.00+.00 2009 Bentham Science...

308

Formation of membranes from aliphatic polyamide-polyvinylpyrrolidone blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of polyacrylic acid of various molecular weights and of its ... Na2EDTA as inhibitors of deposit formation and as dispersants was examined.

O. V. Suberlyak; Yu. Ya. Mel’nik; N. M. Baran

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Quantitative relationships between structure and reactivity of aliphatic esters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bnglneering -xpcrtuent station and fron the Robert A. belch IIosearoh Foundation. Introduat ion . ' ethos of ~lysis ~ 0 Quleul-. tion of;1~to Oonst nt, s : iste riel s ~ o ~ I. 'iyters ~ ~ ~ 16 lC 11, . i~::' . ' Crt ~d*iP' 1~&'" :~ppsrstus z&& rl...-tt'rdor Rotc Cansta, ts for . :. oetntas IIIc. Ceoond- rder ". :;te Const tots ". tr Identicr lly Jis tbstt ttttod stars 't 0 IV. Ct, t" an "ct. 'tyl stere V. . )c' o~ cot otcs z2 'tl, . &oto on fde. otic. . t ly Cisubctitttted . . coors . 1. mymificction...

Yager, Billy Joe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

310

Synthesis and structure of complex metal oxides produced by interaction of iron and nickel acetylacetonates with hydrolysis products of titanium and zirconium alcoholates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interaction of nickel and iron acetylacetonates with hydrolysis products of titanium and zirconium alcoholates and their mixture has been studied. It was shown that chemical synthesis of organometallic gel...

M. V. Tsodikov; O. V. Bukhtenko…

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Treatment of alcohol dependence in patients with co-morbid major depressive disorder – predictors for the outcomes with memantine and escitalopram medication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alcohol dependence comorbid with major depressive disorder poses a major challenge in the clinical setting. The results in the treatment with selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors have been conflicting. Thus, ...

Leea H Muhonen; Jari Lahti; David Sinclair…

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Selective Alcohol Dehydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis with Semiconductor-Metal Photocatalysts: Toward Solar-to-Chemical Energy Conversion of Biomass-Relevant Substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective Alcohol Dehydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis with Semiconductor-Metal Photocatalysts: Toward Solar-to-Chemical Energy Conversion of Biomass-Relevant Substrates ... Coupled semiconductors of well-matched band energies are convenient to improve charge sepn. ...

T. Purnima A. Ruberu; Nicholas C. Nelson; Igor I. Slowing; Javier Vela

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

The Behaviour of Electrolytes in Mixed Solvents. Part I. The Free Energies and Heat Contents of Hydrogen Chloride in Water-Ethyl Alcohol Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 November 1929 research-article The Behaviour of Electrolytes in Mixed Solvents. Part I. The Free Energies and Heat Contents of Hydrogen Chloride in Water-Ethyl Alcohol Solutions J. A. V. Butler C. M. Robertson The Royal Society...

1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Anhydrous aluminum chloride as an alkylation catalyst: identification of mono- and dialkyl-benzenes from the condensation of tertiary butyl alcohol with benzene.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIBRARY a a w c"I. I. SI - O~ TI:YAf ANHYDROUS ALUMINUM CHLORIDE AS AN ALKYLATION CATALYST: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DIALKYIZENZENES FROM THE CONDENSATION QF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENKENE IACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS 4 A Thesis Submitted...: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DI~NZZNES FROM THE CONDENSATION OF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENZENE A Thesis By LACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS Approved as to style and content hy: Chairman of Committee Head of Chemistry Department 1959 ACKNOWLEDGME1VTS The author...

Scoggins, Lacey E

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Non-alcoholic Beverage Market in the United States: Demand Interrelationships, Dynamics, Nutrition Issues and Probability Forecast Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................... 192 4.10 Per capita volume of non-alcoholic beverages consumed at home in the United States in 2003 by poverty status .................... 193 5.1 Calibration graph for probabilities: probit model within-sample for isotonics... ............................................................... 256 5.2 Calibration graph for probabilities: probit model out-of-sample for isotonics ................................................................ 256 5.3 Calibration graph for probabilities: logit model within-sample for isotonics...

Dharmasena, Kalu Arachchillage Senarath

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

316

The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Sixth quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1993--March 31, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary economic investigations have focused on cost reduction measures in the production of syngas from coal. A spread sheet model has been developed which can determine the cost of syngas production based upon the cost of equipment and raw materials and the market value of energy and by-products. In comparison to natural gas derived syngas, coal derived syngas is much more expensive, suggesting a questionable economic status of coal derived alcohol fuels. While it is possible that use of less expensive coal or significant integration of alcohol production and electricity production may reduce the cost of coal derived syngas, it is unlikely to be less costly to produce than syngas from natural gas. Fuels evaluation is being conducted in three parts. First, standard ASTM tests are being used to analyze the blend characteristics of higher alcohols. Second, the performance characteristics of higher alcohols are being evaluated in a single-cylinder research engine. Third, the emissions characteristics of higher alcohols are being investigated. The equipment is still under construction and the measurement techniques are still being developed. Of particular interest is n-butanol, since the MoS{sub 2} catalyst produces only linear higher alcohols. There is almost no information on the combustion and emission characteristics of n-butanol, hence the importance of gathering this information in this research.

Not Available

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Final technical report, September 25, 1990--December 24, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the research was to develop the methodology for the catalytic synthesis of ethers, primarily methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), directly from alcohol mixtures that are rich in methanol and 2-methyl-1-propanol (isobutanol). The overall scheme involves gasification of coal, purification and shifting of the synthesis gas, higher alcohol synthesis, and direct synthesis of ethers. The last stage of the synthesis involves direct coupling of synthesis gas-derived methanol and isobutanol that has been previously demonstrated by us to occur over superacid catalysts to yield MIBE and smaller amounts of MTBE at moderate pressures and a mixture of methanol and isobutene at low pressures. A wide range of organic resin catalysts and inorganic oxide and zeolite catalysts have been investigated for activity and selectivity in directly coupling alcohols, principally methanol and isobutanol, to form ethers and in the dehydration of isobutanol to isobutene in the presence of methanol. All of these catalysts are strong acids, and it was found that the organic and inorganic catalysts operate in different, but overlapping, temperature ranges, i.e. mainly 60--120{degrees}C for the organic resins and 90--175{degrees}C for the inorganic catalysts. For both types of catalysts, the presence of strong acid centers is required for catalytic activity, as was demonstrated by lack of activity of fully K{sup +} ion exchanged Nafion resin and zirconia prior to being sulfated by treatment with sulfuric acid.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

products that have been denatured. Methyl alcohol is a motor fuel that is most commonly derived from wood products. (Reference South Dakota Statutes 10-47B-3 and 10-47B-4...

319

The water footprint of biofuel produced from forest wood residue via a mixed alcohol gasification process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forest residue has been proposed as a feasible candidate for cellulosic biofuels. However, the number of studies assessing its water use remains limited. This work aims to analyze the impacts of forest-based biofuel on water resources and quality by using a water footprint approach. A method established here is tailored to the production system, which includes softwood, hardwood, and short-rotation woody crops. The method is then applied to selected areas in the southeastern region of the United States to quantify the county-level water footprint of the biofuel produced via a mixed alcohol gasification process, under several logistic systems, and at various refinery scales. The results indicate that the blue water sourced from surface or groundwater is minimal, at 2.4 liters per liter of biofuel (l/l). The regional-average green water (rainfall) footprint falls between 400 and 443 l/l. The biofuel pathway appears to have a low nitrogen grey water footprint averaging 25 l/l at the regional level, indicating minimal impacts on water quality. Feedstock mix plays a key role in determining the magnitude and the spatial distribution of the water footprint in these regions. Compared with other potential feedstock, forest wood residue shows promise with its low blue and grey water footprint.

Yi-Wen Chiu; May Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Endovascular Treatment of Acute Arterial Hemorrhage in Trauma Patients Using Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer (Onyx)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This study was designed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of endovascular embolization with liquid embolic agent ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx) in patients with acute traumatic arterial bleeding. Methods: This is a retrospective review of 13 patients (9 men and 4 women; mean age 45 years) with severe trauma who underwent embolotherapy using Onyx from November 2003 to February 2009. Bleeding was located in the pelvis (5 patients), kidney (3 patients), mesenteric region (2 patients), retroperitoneal space (2 patients), neck (1 patient), and thigh (1 patient). In three cases (23.1%), Onyx was used in conjunction with coils. We evaluate the technical and clinical success, procedural and embolization time, occurrence of rebleeding, and embolotherapy-related complications, such as necrosis or migration of Onyx into nontarget vessels. Results: In all patients, embolotherapy was technically and clinically successful on the first attempt. Control of bleeding could be reached with a mean time of 19 (range, 4-63) min after correct placement of the microcatheter in the feeding artery. No recurrent bleeding was detected. No unintended necrosis or migration of Onyx into a nontarget region was observed. During the follow-up period, three patients (23.1%) died due to severe intracranial hemorrhage, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. Conclusions: Transcatheter embolization with new liquid embolic agent Onyx is technically feasible and effective in trauma patients with acute arterial hemorrhage.

Mueller-Wille, R., E-mail: rene.mueller-wille@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Heiss, P., E-mail: peter.heiss@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Herold, T., E-mail: thomas.herold@helios-kliniken.de [Helios Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Department of Radiology (Germany); Jung, E. M., E-mail: ernst-michael.jung@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Schreyer, A. G., E-mail: andreas.schreyer@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Hamer, O. W., E-mail: okka.hamer@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Rennert, J., E-mail: janine.rennert@klinik.uni-regensburg.de; Hoffstetter, P., E-mail: P.hoffstetter@asklepios.com; Stroszczynski, C., E-mail: christian.stros@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [University Medical Center Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Zorger, N., E-mail: Niels.Zorger@barmherzige-regensburg.de [Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brueder Regensburg, Department of Radiology (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alcohol fermentation of sweet potato - 1. Acid hydrolysis and factors involved  

SciTech Connect

Factors affecting acid hydrolysis of sweet potato powder (SPP) to fermentable sugars were examined. These include HCl concentration, temperature, time, and levels of SPP. Maximum reducing sugar, reported as dextrose equivalent (DE), was detected after 24 min hydrolysis (1% SPP) in 0.034N HCl heated at 154/degree/C. These samples also had 3.43% hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) based on dry weight. A high level of HMF (9.2%) was detected in 1% SPP heated at 154/degree/C in 0.10N HCl for 18 min. The lowest concentration of HMF formed (1.8%), at maximal DE of 61%, was established in samples containing 5% SPP and heated at 154/degree/C in 0.034N HCl for 48 min. Aqueous extracts of uncured SPP, examined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography, contained glucose, fructose and sucrose, but degraded SPP had only glucose and fructose. Products of degraded SPP, Under appropriate conditions, could be used for alcohol fermentation. 18 refs.

Azhar, A.; Hamdy, M.K.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic activity of Rh-based lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores for higher alcohol synthesis  

SciTech Connect

Two lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores (La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}; LZ) were prepared by Pechini method and tested for higher alcohols selectivity. In one, Rh was substituted into the pyrochlore lattice (LRZ, 1.7 wt%) while for the second, Rh was supported on an unsubstituted La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (R/LZ, 1.8 wt%). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR) results show that the surface reducibility depends on whether the Rh is in (or supported on) the LZ pyrochlore. Rhodium in the LRZ is more reducible than rhodium supported on the R/LZ pyrochlore, likely due to the presence of a perovskite phase (LaRhO{sub 3}; identified by XRD), in which rhodium is more reducible. The formation of the perovskite accompanies that of the pyrochlore. CO hydrogenation results show higher ethanol selectivity for R/LZ than LRZ, possibly due to the strong interaction between Rh and LZ on the R/LZ, forming atomically close Rh{sup +}/Rh{sup 0} sites, which have been suggested to favor ethanol production.

Abdelsayed, Victor; Shekhawat, Dushyant; Poston, James A., Jr.; Spivey, James J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Investigation of electrochemical properties of a poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) polymer blend  

SciTech Connect

Chemical sensors have wide applications in medicine, environmental monitoring, industrial applications, and others because of their versatility, ruggedness, sensitivity, selectivity, and economy. Electrochemical sensors are constructed by using a conducting medium, in this case graphite, and applying a constant potential while measuring changes in the current. Polymers are used for electrochemical sensors to exclude interferents from the electrode surface, to preconcentrate the analyte near the electrode, and in some cases to provide a matrix for the immobilization of analytes, such as enzymes. These functions of the polymer can serve to improve the detection limit of the sensor. This project involves the evaluation of a new polymer for electrode modification. The poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) (PVA/PAA) polymer was originally developed as an ion exchanger for use in space batteries. It has also been used in wastewater cleanup because it will concentrate heavy metals in the presence of calcium ion. This polymer is also optically clear, so it can potentially be used for an optical sensor. We are interested in investigating the ion exchange properties of the PVA/PAA polymer, as well as the ability of this polymer to preconcentrate and exclude analytes on the basis of size, charge, and hydrophilic/hydrophobic interactions.

DeSantis, C.O.; Seliskar, C.; Heineman, W.R. [Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

324

Novel Characterization of GDI Engine Exhaust for Gasoline and Mid-Level Gasoline-Alcohol Blends  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer improved fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet more stringent fuel economy standards. GDI engines typically emit the most particulate matter (PM) during periods of rich operation such as start-up and acceleration, and emissions of air toxics are also more likely during this condition. A 2.0 L GDI engine was operated at lambda of 0.91 at typical loads for acceleration (2600 rpm, 8 bar BMEP) on three different fuels; an 87 anti-knock index (AKI) gasoline (E0), 30% ethanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel (E30), and 48% isobutanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel. E30 was chosen to maximize octane enhancement while minimizing ethanol-blend level and iBu48 was chosen to match the same fuel oxygen level as E30. Particle size and number, organic carbon and elemental carbon (OC/EC), soot HC speciation, and aldehydes and ketones were all analyzed during the experiment. A new method for soot HC speciation is introduced using a direct, thermal desorption/pyrolysis inlet for the gas chromatograph (GC). Results showed high levels of aromatic compounds were present in the PM, including downstream of the catalyst, and the aldehydes were dominated by the alcohol blending.

Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Eibl, Mary A [ORNL] [ORNL; Nafziger, Eric J [ORNL] [ORNL; Kaul, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ethanol exposure impairs glutamatergic synaptic transmission and plasticity in the ca1 hippocampal region during the third trimester-equivalent of human pregnancy : implications for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder results from developmental exposure to ethanol. Although many organ systems are targeted by this teratogen, the central nervous system is exquisitely… (more)

Puglia, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Substrate denaturation and translocation by a proteolytic machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many AAA+ molecular machines generate power and drive cellular processes by harnessing energy from cycles of ATP hydrolysis. ClpX is a relatively simple AAA+ ATPase that powers regulated protein degradation by binding ...

Kenniston, Jon Anders

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Substrate stabilization of lysozyme to thermal and guanidine hydrochloride denaturation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. , and Mayer, R ~ J ~ (1976) Biochemic J. 154, 359-370 Schimke, T T. ('1964) J Biol Chem 239, 3808-3817 Goldberg, A. L. and St. John, A. C. (1976) Annu. Rev. Biochem, 45, 748-803 Dice, J ~ F. , Dehlinger, P ~ J ~, and Schimke, R ~ T. (1973) JB Biol Chem... 248, 4220-4228 Dehlinger, P. J ~ and Schimke, R ~ T ~ (1972) J ~ Biol. Chem 246, 2574-2583 Dice, J F. and Goldberg, A L, (1975) Proc. Natl. Acad Scil U ~ ST A. 72, 3893-3897 Bohley, P ~, Kirschke, H, Langner, J ~, Niederanders, 8 ~, Ansorge...

McGrath, Timothy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

Denaturant-Induced Conformational Transitions in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) differ from ordered proteins at several levels: structural, functional, and...

Paolo Neyroz; Stefano Ciurli…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

A microfluidic device for DNA sequencing by denaturation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stage insert Thermoelectric modules for heating/cooling PEEKThermoelectric (TE) modules are incorporated to provide heating and coolingCooling and heating capabilities are provided by thermoelectric modules,

Walsh, Matthew Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Barnase as a model for the denatured state of proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

procedure for Barnase purification. Without him we would still be stuck with the old method of purification. I need to thank David Schell and Saul Trevino for their support and advise on all practical matters of laboratory work as well the rest... of the Pace/Sholtz lab for their support. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT . . nl ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. . . TABLE OF CONTENTS. V1 LIST OF FIGURES. . V11 INTRODUCTION. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN. . Expression and Purification Scheme I. Expression and Purification...

Hoffart, Lee Michael

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

331

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by Ru(V)?O3+ and Ru(IV)?O2+  

SciTech Connect

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway involving concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H.; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by RuV=O3+ and RuIV=O2+  

SciTech Connect

Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway, concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Nonlinear optical properties of ZnO/poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite films  

SciTech Connect

Extensive studies have already been reported on the optical characteristics of ZnO/polymer nanocomposite films, using a variety of polymers including transparent polymers such as polystyrene, polymethyl methacrylate etc and many interesting results have been established regarding the non linear optical characteristics of these systems. Poly (vinyl alcohol)(PVA) is a water soluble polymer. Though the structural and optical studies of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films have already been investigated, there are no detailed reports on the nonlinear optical characteristics of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films, irrespective of the fact that these nanocomposite films can be synthesized using quite easy and cost effective methods. The present work is an attempt to study in detail the nonlinear optical behaviour of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films using Z-scan technique. Highly transparent ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were prepared from the ZnO incorporated PVA solution in water using spin coating technique. The ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by the simple chemical route at room temperature. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies show that the ZnO nanoparticles are of size around 10 nm. The ZnO/PVA nanocomposite films were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction technique, from which the presence of both PVA and ZnO in the nanocomposite was established. The optical absorptive nonlinearity in the nanocomposite films was investigated using open aperture Z-scan technique. The results indicate optical limiting type nonlinearity in the films due to two photon absorption in ZnO with efficiency more than 50%. These films also show a self defocusing type negative nonlinear refraction in closed aperture Z-scan experiment. The present studies indicate that, highly transparent and homogeneous films of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite can be obtained on glass substrates using simple methods, in a highly cost effective way, since PVA is water soluble. These nanocomposite films offer prospects of application as efficient optical limiters to protect light sensitive devices from the possible damage on exposure to high intensity radiation.

Jeeju, P. P., E-mail: jeejupp@gmail.com [Department of Physics, S N M College, Maliankara, Ernakulam, Kerala (India); Jayalekshmi, S., E-mail: jayalekshmi@cusat.ac.in [Division for Research in Advanced Materials, Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi 682 022 (India); Chandrasekharan, K. [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala (India)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

334

Characterization of Anti-Irradiation-Denatured Ovalbumin Monoclonal Antibodies. Immunochemical and Structural Analysis of Irradiation-Denatured Ovalbumin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Five monoclonal antibodies (OVA-01, -02, -03, -04, -06) produced against irradiated ovalbumin were investigated in relation to the conformational change in the ovalbumin molecule induced by irradiation with Cobalt-60 ?-rays. Four antibodies (OVA-01, -02, -...

Tetsuya Masuda; Sakiyo-Yamaoka Koseki; Kyoden Yasumoto; Naofumi Kitabatake

2000-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

335

Thermal Decomposition of Bulk K-CoMoSx Mixed Alcohol Catalyst Precursors and Effects on Catalyst Morphology and Performance  

SciTech Connect

Cobalt molybdenum sulfide-type mixed alcohol catalysts were synthesized via calcination of precipitated bulk sulfides and studied with temperature programmed decomposition analysis. Precursors containing aqueous potassium were also considered. Precipitates thermally decomposed in unique events which released ammonia, carbon dioxide, and sulfur. Higher temperature treatments led to more crystalline and less active catalysts in general with ethanol productivity falling from 203 to 97 g (kg cat){sup -1} h{sup -1} when the calcination temperature was increased from 375 to 500 C. The addition of potassium to the precursor led to materials with crystalline potassium sulfides and good catalytic performance. In general, less potassium was required to promote alcohol selectivity when added before calcination. At calcination temperatures above 350 C, segregated cobalt sulfides were observed, suggesting that thermally decomposed sulfide precursors may contain a mixture of molybdenum and cobalt sulfides instead of a dispersed CoMoS type of material. When dimethyl disulfide was fed to the precursor during calcination, crystalline cobalt sulfides were not detected, suggesting an important role of free sulfur during decomposition.

Menart, M. J.; Hensley, J. E.; Costelow, K. E.

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Analyzing the effects of alcohol on IGF-I in bone and plasma and on IGF-I mRNA in the liver and bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is known to be regulated by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). This study was designed to determine if systemic and local IGF-I production is affected by alcohol consumption in a rat animal model. Experimental treatments included three groups...

Stine, Christina Nicole

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

The production of higher alcohols from syngas using potassium promoted Co/Mo/A12O3 and Rh/Co/Mo/A12O3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The optimized compositions K(4.9)/Co(2.7)/Mo(6.4)/A1203(gamma) and K(1.2)/ Rh(1.1)/Co(0.6)/Mo(5.7)/A1203(gamma) are both productive catalysts for higher alcohols. The incorporation of rhodium into the K/Co/Mo/A12

D. A. Storm

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0 psi. ~Butanol is an alcohol that can be but does not have to be blended with fossil fuels. ~Butanol existing pipelines and filling stations. ~Hydrogen generated during the butanol fermentation process is expected to increase dramatically if green butanol can be produced economically from low cost biomass

Toohey, Darin W.

339

Process Design and Economics for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Thermochemical Pathway by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversion of Lignocellulosic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Thermochemical Pathway by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis A. Dutta, M. Talmadge, and J. Hensley National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado M. Worley and D. Dudgeon Harris Group Inc. Atlanta, Georgia and Seattle, Washington D. Barton, P. Groenendijk, D. Ferrari, and B. Stears The Dow Chemical Company Midland, Michigan E.M. Searcy, C.T. Wright, and J.R. Hess Idaho National Laboratory Idaho Falls, Idaho Technical Report NREL/TP-5100-51400 May 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard

340

Lignin removal and benzene–alcohol extraction effects on lignin measurements of the hydrothermal pretreated bamboo substrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lignin content of hydrothermal pretreated bamboo chips was determined by the two methods: TAPPI standard method (222om-06) and TAPPI standard method without benzene–alcohol extraction (BAE). The results showed that including BAE resulted in lower Klason lignin (KL) and acid soluble lignin (ASL) measurements in the prehydrolyzed substrate, that is to say, BAE removed parts of KL and ASL. Therefore, the TAPPI standard method should be modified by omitting the BAE for lignin measurements of pretreated substrate. The following lignin removal analysis suggested that lignin was removed from the bamboo substrate during pretreatment by a combination of degradation reaction and deconstruction; thereafter the pseudo lignin generated in the hydrothermal pretreatment and condensation reaction between the lignin fragments accounted for the later KL increase.

X.J. Ma; S.L. Cao; X.F. Yang; L. Lin; L.H. Chen; L.L. Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Historical Overview of Alcohol and Alcoholism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Duane Miller Wei Li Univ. of Tennessee Health Science Ctr., Memphis, TN; the Ohio...Denver, CO Malignant melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer, accounting for 75...of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center; and the Van Vleet Endowed...

Mark Keller

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Historical Overview of Alcohol and Alcoholism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...do not know the whole truth about Korsakoff's...of the malign health consequences of smoking, especially...tell people the whole truth? The product of this...personal and social consequences; (b), that negative...to study the adverse consequences of over drinking and...

Mark Keller

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Historical Overview of Alcohol and Alcoholism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the teetotalers, with less faith in the power of moral suasion and more in the efficacy...not in the age of science? Could not the power of science at last be brought to bear on...translator). Der Wiener Mervart. (The ocean cruise of the Viennese), by Der Freudenleere...

Mark Keller

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Alcohol to Ester 21 ALCOHOL TO ESTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.) Attach a Claisen adapter to the flask. Place a thermometer adapter with a thermometer in the main arm of the Claisen adapter so that the thermometer point is immersed in the liquid (but not so deep sulfuric acid (may be strong exotherm). Rapidly plug the Claisen adapter (with thermometer and condenser

Jasperse, Craig P.

345

Conversion of starch to ethanol in a recombinant saccharomyces cerevisiae strain expressing rice [alpha]-amylase from a novel Pichia pastoris alcohol oxidase promoter  

SciTech Connect

A recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae, expressing and secreting rice [alpha]-amylase, converts starch to ethanol. The rice [alpha]-amylase gene (OS103) was placed under the transcriptional control of the promoter from a newly described Pichia pastoris alcohol oxidase genomic clone. The nucleotide sequences of ZZA1 and other methanol-regulated promoters were analyzed. A highly conserved sequence (TTG-N[sub 3]-GCTTCCAA-N[sub 5]-TGGT) was found in the 5' flanking regions of alcohol oxidase, methanol oxidase, and dihydroxyacetone synthase genes in Pichia pastoris, Hansenula polymorpha, and Candida biodinii S2. The yeast strain containing the ZZA1-OS103 fusion secreted biologically active enzyme into the culture media while fermenting soluble starch. 45 refs., 8 figs.

Kumagai, M.H.; Sverlow, G.G.; della-Cioppa, G.; Grill, L.K. (Biosource Genetics Corporation, Vacaville, CA (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Mesoscopic structuring and dynamics of alcohol/water solutions probed by Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy and Pulsed Field Gradient Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the structure of alcohol/water mixtures. Taking aqueous ethanol as a representative example, excess enthalpy, heat capacity, diffusivity, and viscosity all exhibit maxima or minima at ?15?20 mol %;12,16,20?23 this is attributable to Received: March 20, 2014... dielectric spectroscopy and the results were compared to femtosecond infrared pump? probe studies. By investigating a range of concentrations of aqueous tetramethylurea solutions it was found that the dynamics of the water molecules in close vicinity...

Li, Ruoyu; D'Agostino, Carmine; McGregor, James; Mantle, Michael D.; Zeitler, J. Axel; Gladden, Lynn F.

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

347

Alkali/TX sub 2 catalysts for CO/H sub 2 conversion to C sub 1 -C sub 4 alcohols  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research is to investigate and develop novel catalysts for the conversion of coal-derived synthesis gas into C{sub 1}--C{sub 4} alcohols by a highly selective process. Therefore, the variations of catalyst activity and selectivity for the synthesis of alcohols from H{sub 2}/CO {le}1 synthesis gas for a series of A/TX{sub 2} compounds, where A is a surface alkali dopant, T is a transition metal, and X is a S, Se, or Te, will be determined. The alkali component A, which is essential for C-O and C-C bond forming reactions leading to alcohols, will be highly dispersed on the TX{sub 2} surfaces by using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and chemical complexation/anchoring (CCA) methods. Catalysts that have been prepared during this quarter include RuS{sub 2}, NbS{sub 2}, K/MoS{sub 2}, and K/Crown either/MoS{sub 2}. Catalysts tested include KOH/MoS{sub 2} and K/Crown ether/MoS{sub 2}. 9 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Brimer, A.; Richards, M.; Kieke, M.; Bastian, R.D.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Poly(vinyl alcohol) gel sublayers for reverse osmosis membranes. I. Insolubilization by acid-catalyzed dehydration  

SciTech Connect

Both flat-sheet and tubular composite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes were prepared by depositing aqueous solutions of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and a dehydration catalyst on asymmetric poly(arylether sulfone) (PES) substrate membranes. The PVA coatings were insolubilized by heat treatment to create stable hydrophilic gel-layer membranes. The influence of variables such as PVA concentration, catalyst concentration, curing time, and curing temperature was investigated. It was shown that a simple manipulation of one or two variables could lead to membranes with widely differing salt retention and water permeability characteristics. The insolubilized PVA coatings were intended to serve as hydrophilic gel sublayers on which ultra thin salt-retention barriers could ultimately be formed by interfacial polycondensation. For this purpose, high-flux gel layers were required, whereas salt-retention capabilities were not regarded as important. However, the promising salt retentions obtained as 2 MPa (up to 85% NaCl retention and 92% MgSO[sub 4] retention) showed that some of these PES-PVA composite membranes could function as medium-retention, medium-flux RO membranes, even in the absence of an interfacially formed salt-retention barrier.

Immelman, E.; Sanderson, R.D.; Jacobs, E.P.; Van Reenan, A.J. (Univ. of Stellenbosch, (South Africa). Inst. of Polymer Science)

1993-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

349

Acute and chronic ethanol exposure differentially alters alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase activity in the zebrafish liver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chronic ethanol exposure paradigms have been successfully used in the past to induce behavioral and central nervous system related changes in zebrafish. However, it is currently unknown whether chronic ethanol exposure alters ethanol metabolism in adult zebrafish. In the current study we examine the effect of acute ethanol exposure on adult zebrafish behavioral responses, as well as alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity in the liver. We then examine how two different chronic ethanol exposure paradigms (continuous and repeated ethanol exposure) alter behavioral responses and liver enzyme activity during a subsequent acute ethanol challenge. Acute ethanol exposure increased locomotor activity in a dose-dependent manner. ADH activity was shown to exhibit an inverted U-shaped curve and ALDH activity was decreased by ethanol exposure at all doses. During the acute ethanol challenge, animals that were continuously housed in ethanol exhibited a significantly reduced locomotor response and increased ADH activity, however, ALDH activity did not change. Zebrafish that were repeatedly exposed to ethanol demonstrated a small but significant attenuation of the locomotor response during the acute ethanol challenge but ADH and ALDH activity was similar to controls. Overall, we identified two different chronic ethanol exposure paradigms that differentially alter behavioral and physiological responses in zebrafish. We speculate that these two paradigms may allow dissociation of central nervous system-related and liver enzyme-dependent ethanol induced changes in zebrafish.

Steven Tran; Magda Nowicki; Diptendu Chatterjee; Robert Gerlai

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Deep eutectic solvents (DES) as green reaction media for the redox isomerization of allylic alcohols into carbonyl compounds catalyzed by the ruthenium complex [Ru(?3:?3-C10H16)Cl2(benzimidazole)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The bis-allyl Ru(IV) complex [Ru(?3:?3-C10H16)Cl2(benzimidazole)] (1c) is an active catalyst in the redox isomerization of allylic alcohols into saturated carbonyl compounds using, for the first time, Deep eutectic solvents (DES) as reaction media. A series of primary and secondary allylic alcohols could be isomerized into the corresponding carbonyl compounds in the absence of base. Although high activities and selectivities were reached at short reaction times and with low catalyst loadings (0.2 mol% in Ru) for monosubstituted allylic alcohols, for their disubstituted counterparts, high catalyst loading and longer reaction times were always required. It is important to note that the catalytic system: i) is active in a large-scale experiment, and ii) could be recycled up to four consecutive runs.

Cristian Vidal; Francisco J. Suárez; Joaquín García-Álvarez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Production of hydrogen rich bio-oil derived syngas from co-gasification of bio-oil and waste engine oil as feedstock for lower alcohols synthesis in two-stage bed reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High efficient production of lower alcohols (C1–C5 mixed alcohols) from hydrogen rich bio-oil derived syngas was achieved in this work. A non-catalytic partial oxidation (NPOX) gasification technology was successfully applied in the production and conditioning of bio-oil derived syngas using bio-oil (BO) and emulsifying waste engine oil (EWEO) as feedstock. The effects of water addition and feedstock composition on the gasification performances were investigated. When the BO20 and EWEO30 was mixed with mass ratio of 1: 0.33, the maximum hydrogen yield of 93.7% with carbon conversion of 96.7% was obtained, and the hydrogen rich bio-oil derived syngas was effectively produced. Furthermore, a two-stage bed reactor was applied in the downstream process of lower alcohols synthesis from hydrogen rich bio-oil derived syngas (H2/CO/CO2/CH4/N2 = 52.2/19.5/3.0/9.4/15.9, v/v). The highest carbon conversion of 42.5% and the maximum alcohol yield of 0.18 kg/kgcat h with selectivity of 53.8 wt% were obtained over the Cu/ZnO/Al2O3(2.5)//Cu25Fe22Co3K3/SiO2(2.5) catalyst combination system. The mechanism and evaluation for lower alcohols synthesis from model bio-oil derived syngas and model mixture gas were also discussed. The integrative process of hydrogen rich bio-oil derived syngas production and downstream lower alcohols synthesis, potentially providing a promising route for the conversion of organic wastes into high performance fuels and high value-added chemicals.

Haijun Guo; Fen Peng; Hairong Zhang; Lian Xiong; Shanggui Li; Can Wang; Bo Wang; Xinde Chen; Yong Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Alcohol processing speed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central Valley Jr. Academy Central Valley Jr. Academy Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Our class has been studying about big cats. We studied cats' eyes. We learned why cats' eyes seem to glow in the dark. The back of each cat's eyes has mirror-like cells that reflect light. We used a coffee can and some construction paper to make a model of a cat's eye. We made the pupil oval shaped like a cat's eye. We shone a flashlight in the pupil and we saw the reflection. A book that we read said that nocturnal hungers mostly have long, oval-shaped pupils and daytime hunters have round pupils. We w want to know what difference that makes to an animal in being able to see.j Why do daytime hunters have round pupils and nocturnal hunters have oval shaped pupils. Do you know why?

353

Alcohol and Motor Accidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... averaged 18 a day and the injuries more than 600. Half the deaths were among pedestrians and a fifth among pedal cyclists, while drivers of motor vehicles and their passengers ... vehicles and their passengers had only a third to a fourth as many accidents as pedestrians. Although the data of the Ministry of Transport indicate that only 1 in 80 ...

1937-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

Alcohol and Culture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. 1948. 3d edition. Ancient Egyp­ OOl>DS, E. R. 1956. Theof banquet scenes. Egyp­ tian taverns, like those in

Mandelbaum, David G.

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Assistant Director -Drugs, Alcohol, &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiology Physical Therapy Medical Clinic Director of Medical Services Client Reception & Customer Services Resources Director of Business Services Dental Services Laboratory Services Women's Clinic Assistant

Rutledge, Steven

356

Ethyl Alcohol Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-1/2 bushel batch. 2. The ground grain is added to and mixed with 150 gallons of water (12 gallons per bushel) at 120 degrees F. This begins the cooking process, during which the grain mixture or mash is constantly agitated. A liquefying enzyme (Taka...-1/2 bushel batch. 2. The ground grain is added to and mixed with 150 gallons of water (12 gallons per bushel) at 120 degrees F. This begins the cooking process, during which the grain mixture or mash is constantly agitated. A liquefying enzyme (Taka...

O'Neal, Henry

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Genetic improvement of Escherichia coli for ethanol production: Chromosomal integration of Zymomonas mobilis genes encoding pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase II  

SciTech Connect

Zymomonas mobilis genes for pyruvate decarboxylase (pdc) and alcohol dehydrogenase II (adhB) were integrated into the Escherichia coli chromosome within or near the pyruvate formate-lyase gene (pfl). Integration improved the stability of the Z. mobilis genes in E. coli, but further selection was required to increase expression. Spontaneous mutants were selected for resistance to high levels of chloramphenicol that also expressed high levels of the Z. mobilis genes. Analogous mutants were selected for increased expression of alcohol dehydrogenase on aldehyde indicator plates. These mutants were functionally equivalent to the previous plasmid-based strains for the fermentation of xylose and glucose to ethanol. Ethanol concentrations of 54.4 and 41.6 g/liter were obtained from 10% glucose and 8% xylose, respectively. The efficiency of conversion exceeded theoretical limits (0.51 g of ethanol/g of sugar) on the basis of added sugars because of the additional production of ethanol from the catabolism of complex nutrients. Further mutations were introduced to inactivate succinate production (frd) and to block homologous recombination (recA).

Ohta, Kazuyoshi; Beall, D.S.; Mejia, J.P.; Shanmugam, K.T.; Ingram, L.O. (Univ. of Florida, Gainesville (United States))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume 2: A Techno-economic Evaluation of the Production of Mixed Alcohols  

SciTech Connect

Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). However, biomass is not always available in sufficient quantity at a price compatible with fuels production. Municipal solid waste (MSW) on the other hand is readily available in large quantities in some communities and is considered a partially renewable feedstock. Furthermore, MSW may be available for little or no cost. This report provides a techno-economic analysis of the production of mixed alcohols from MSW and compares it to the costs for a wood based plant. In this analysis, MSW is processed into refuse derived fuel (RDF) and then gasified in a plant co-located with a landfill. The resulting syngas is then catalytically converted to mixed alcohols. At a scale of 2000 metric tons per day of RDF, and using current technology, the minimum ethanol selling price at a 10% rate of return is approximately $1.85/gallon ethanol (early 2008 $). However, favorable economics are dependent upon the toxicity characteristics of the waste streams and that a market exists for the by-product scrap metal recovered from the RDF process.

Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua; Valkenburt, Corinne

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Studies in the Respiratory and Carbohydrate Metabolism of Plant Tissues. II. Interrelationship between the Rates of Production of Carbon Dioxide, of Lactic acid and of Alcohol in Potato Tubers under Anaerobic Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Production of Carbon Dioxide, of Lactic acid and of Alcohol in Potato Tubers under Anaerobic Conditions J. Barker A. F. El Saifi Data, presented in part I of this communication, for the changes in air and in nitrogen in the rate of production by potato...

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Resurrecting ancestral alcohol dehydrogenases J Michael Thomson1,4, Eric A Gaucher2, Michelle F Burgan3,4, Danny W De Kee2, Tang Li2, John P Aris1 &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in fleshy fruits rapidly convert sugars into bulk ethanol through pyruvate. Pyruvate loses carbon dioxide to produce acetaldehyde, which is reduced by alcohol dehydrogenase 1 (Adh1) to ethanol, which accumulates. Yeast later consumes the accumulated ethanol, exploiting Adh2, an Adh1 homolog differing by 24 (of 348

Gaucher, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Results of the feasibility studies awarded under PL 96-126 and PL 96-304 for alcohol fuel production. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The results from the feasibility study grants are summarized. The grants were to allow assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of construction and operation of commercial-scale alcohol fuel production facilities. Summarized are the process designs, financial and economic analyses, marketing analyses, and the environmental assessments. Use of current technology was declared to be adequate; no patents evolved from the studies. Suitable sites, served by transportation and utilities were located. Feedstock, energy sources, and raw materials were determined to be available. Environmental guidelines were found to be attainable and socioeconomic impacts and public acceptance of the projects were reported. Most of the proposed plants were declared to be economically feasible with profitability increasing with plant size. Financing was reported constrained by premium interest rates, an insecure ethanol market, and financial institution requirements for loan guarantees or high-equality loans.

Hosking, R.W.; Anderson, J.V.; Jones, K.W.; Plaster, D.S.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Influences of alcoholic solvents on spray pyrolysis deposition of TiO{sub 2} blocking layer films for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells  

SciTech Connect

Influences of alcoholic solvents for titanium diisopropoxide bis(acetylacetonate) (TPA) precursor solutions on the spray pyrolysis deposited TiO{sub 2} films and the photovoltaic performance of the solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (SDSCs) using these TiO{sub 2} films as the blocking layers were investigated. Smooth TiO{sub 2} films were obtained by spray pyrolysis deposition of a TPA solution in isopropanol (IPA) at a relatively low temperature of 260 Degree-Sign C. On the other hand, when ethanol was used as solvent, the TiO{sub 2} films fabricated at the same temperature showed much rougher surfaces with many pinholes. Our results showed that ethanol reacts with TPA to form titanium diethoxide bis(acetylacetonate) (TEA), which requires a higher thermal decomposition temperature than that of TPA. SDSCs with TiO{sub 2} blocking layer films fabricated using a TPA solution in IPA showed higher power conversion efficiencies with smaller variations. - Graphical abstract: Alcoholic solvents used for the TiO{sub 2} precursor play a critical role in determining the surface morphology of blocking layers and thus the photovoltaic performance of the SDSCs. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Solvent influences morphology of spray pyrolysis deposited TiO{sub 2} blocking layer. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ethanol reacts with TPA, resulting poor quality of blocking layer. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Isopropanol is better than ethanol for obtaining smooth blocking layer. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SDSC with blocking layer made with isopropanol showed better performance.

Jiang, Changyun, E-mail: jiangc@imre.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore)] [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Koh, Wei Lin; Leung, Man Yin [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore)] [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Hong, Wei [Department of Chemical Engineering and Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN), University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West ON, Waterloo, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada)] [Department of Chemical Engineering and Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN), University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West ON, Waterloo, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada); Li, Yuning, E-mail: yuning.li@uwaterloo.ca [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore) [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore); Department of Chemical Engineering and Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN), University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave West ON, Waterloo, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada); Zhang, Jie [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore)] [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A-STAR, 3 Research Link, 117602 Singapore (Singapore)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates: Catalysts for asymmetric olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation  

SciTech Connect

The research presented and discussed in this dissertation involves the synthesis of transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates, and their application in catalytic enantioselective olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation. Neutral oxazolinylboranes are excellent synthetic intermediates for preparing new borate ligands and also developing organometallic complexes. Achiral and optically active bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are synthesized by reaction of 2-lithio-2-oxazolide and 0.50 equiv of dichlorophenylborane. These bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are oligomeric species in solid state resulting from the coordination of an oxazoline to the boron center of another borane monomer. The treatment of chiral bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes with sodium cyclopentadienide provide optically active cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates H[PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}] [Ox{sup R} = Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4R-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4S-tBu]}. These optically active proligands react with an equivalent of M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 4} (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) to afford corresponding cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 complexes {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}}M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} in high yields. These group 4 compounds catalyze cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature or below, providing pyrrolidine, piperidine, and azepane with enantiomeric excesses up to 99%. Our mechanistic investigations suggest a non-insertive mechanism involving concerted C?N/C?H bond formation in the turnover limiting step of the catalytic cycle. Among cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 catalysts, the zirconium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}){sub 2}}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} ({S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}) displays highest activity and enantioselectivity. Interestingly, {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} also desymmetrizes olefin moieties of achiral non-conjugated aminodienes and aminodiynes during cyclization. The cyclization of aminodienes catalyzed by {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} affords diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans cylic amines with high diasteromeric ratios and excellent enantiomeric excesses. Similarly, the desymmetrization of alkyne moieties in {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}-catalyzed cyclization of aminodiynes provides corresponding cyclic imines bearing quaternary stereocenters with enantiomeric excesses up to 93%. These stereoselective desymmetrization reactions are significantly affected by concentration of the substrate, temperature, and the presence of a noncyclizable primary amine. In addition, both the diastereomeric ratios and enantiomeric excesses of the products are markedly enhanced by N-deuteration of the substrates. Notably, the cationic zirconium-monoamide complex [{S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2})][B(C{sub 6}F{sub 5}){sub 4}] obtained from neutral {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} cyclizes primary aminopentenes providing pyrrolidines with S-configuration; whereas {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} provides R-configured pyrrolidines. The yttrium complex {S-2}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} also affords S-configured pyrrolidines by cyclization of aminopentenes, however the enantiomeric excesses of products are low. An alternative optically active yttrium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-tBu}){sub 2}}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} ({S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3}) is synthesized, which displays highly enantioselective in the cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature affording S-configured cyclic amines with enantiomeric excesses up to 96%. A noninsertive mechanism involving a six-membered transition state by a concerted C?N bond formation and N?H bond cleavage is proposed for {S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} system based on the kinetic, spectroscopic, and stereochemical features. In the end, a series of bis- and tris(oxazolinyl)borato iridium and rhodium complexes are synthesized with bis(oxazolinyl)phenylborane [PhB(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 2}]{sub n}, tris(oxazolinyl)borane [B(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 3}]n, and tris(4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazolinyl)phenylborate [To{sup M}]{sup ?}. All these new an

Manna, Kuntal [Ames Laboratory

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

chemical chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group; CH(3)-(CH(2)) n -OH (e.g., methanol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol). See Fuel Ethanol. Alternative Fuel: Alternative fuels, for transportation applications, include the following: methanol; denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; fuel mixtures containing 85 percent or more by volume of methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols with motor gasoline or other fuels; natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas (propane); hydro- gen; coal-derived liquid fuels; fuels (other than alcohol) derived from biological materials (biofuels such as soy diesel fuel); electricity (including electricity from solar

365

A Predictably Selective Aliphatic C–H Oxidation Reaction for Complex Molecule Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...selective. We report an iron (Fe)–based small molecule...herein report an electrophilic iron catalyst, 4, with a...O-i-Pr) 2 . acac, acetylacetonate; DET, diethyl tartrate. Several nonheme iron complexes have shown promising...

Mark S. Chen; M. Christina White

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

366

Gas Chromatographic—Mass Spectrometric Investigation of Aliphatic Glycols in Environmental Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......mL for the determination of diol method...containing boron was facilitated...characteristic isotope ratio of boron (1 0 B...characteristic isotope ratio distribution of boron. Quantitative...laboratory for the determination of glycols......

A. Raksit; S. Punani

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric analysis of aliphatic biodegradable photoluminescent polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

established that the new ILMs provided good spottospot reproducibility and high ionization efficiency compared/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDIMS). The polymers, formed by a condensation reaction of three components

Yang, Jian

368

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic friedel-crafts alkylations Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 28 A process for the rapid removal of dialkylamino-substituents from aromatic rings. Application to the expedient...

369

A quantitative study of the effect of structure on the saponification rates of aliphatic esters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(calibrated by the U ~ So National Bureau of Standards) in conjunction with a Wheatstone bridge. 30a 31 Electric timers were used to time the reactionsi The timers were found to be dependable by cheching their accuracy over a period of several days...' The resistance of the reaction mixture was determined by a Wheatstone bridge consisting of three decade resistance boxes' 30b Either a cathode ray oscilloscope or a null detector was used 30c to obtain the null pointi This was done visually, either...

Gonzalez, Federico P

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Quantitative Determination of Aliphatic Sulfur-Containing Additives by Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pyrolysis (7), infrared (8), combustion to SO4 = with subsequent determination...Drushel. The Analytical Chemistry of Sulfur and Its Compounds...London, p. 358. Sulfur in Coal and Coke by the Bomb Washing...organic materials by oxygen bomb combustion. Anal. Chem. 33:1760......

J.W. Sinclair; L. Schall; N.T. Crabb

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic halogenase syrb2 Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences ; Engineering 63 Unique gas and hydrocarbon adsorption in a highly porous metal-organic framework made of extended...

372

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic alkyl quaternaries Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to almost... (e.g. Ar-Cl, tertiary amine, quaternary amine) NuH R'R"NH 11CCarbon Monoxide - In ring closure... is a nucleophilic subsitition of bisulfite by 11Ccyanide ion...

373

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic primary diamines Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Davis Collection: Biotechnology 56 Production of 11C-Labeled Summary: Carbon Monoxide - For preparation of 11C-labeled primary amides or hydrazides The method is...

374

Calorimetric study of adsorption of aliphatic hydrocarbons on reduced cobalt catalyst  

SciTech Connect

A study has been made of the heats of adsorption and the adsorption isotherms of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons on Co at 298/sup 0/K; the content of organic matter in the catalyst has been determined after use in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. It is concluded that the Fischer-Tropsch process includes stages of diffusion of the original reactants and the products through a liquid film of hydrocarbons coating the catalyst; the hydrocarbon molecules are adsorbed on the surface in the ''lying down'' position; the adsorption of paraffins is reversible and is described by the BET theory; olefins form an irreversibly chemisorbed monolayer, above which reversible adsorption takes place; the ease of desorption of the paraffins explains their preferential formation in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.

Ostrovskii, V.E.; Medvedkova, E.A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Hyperbranched Aliphatic Polyesters and Reactive Diluents in Thermally Cured Coil Coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactive diluents (35-38) act as solvents in liquid paint, lowering the viscosity, and then chemically react into the film during cure. ... DSC studies were performed using a Mettler Toledo DSC820 equipped with a Mettler Toledo Sample Robot TSO801RO calibrated using standard procedures. ... Air-drying high solids alkyd paints for decorative coatings ...

Katarina Johansson; Tina Bergman; Mats Johansson

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

376

DEOTERIUM MAGNETIC RESONANCE OF SOME POLYMORPHIC LIQUID CRYSTALS: THE CONFORMATION OF THE ALIPHATIC END CHAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in "Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science"in "Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science"

Hsi, Shan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Phenolic and Short-Chained Aliphatic Organic Acid Constituents of Wild Oat (Avena fatua L.) Seeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Following this after-ripening period, seeds were sown in Sun-Gro Sunshine Mix #1 (SunGro Horticulture, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) in pots measuring 10 × 10 × 35 cm (Stuewe & Sons, Inc., Tangent, OR). ... Repeated measurements of the temperature and light conditions associated with each population cluster indicated that there were no significant differences in growth conditions among the clusters (data not shown). ... Natural lighting was supplemented with two 400 W high pressure sodium lamps set to a 16 h photoperiod. ...

R. S. Gallagher; R. Ananth; K. Granger; B. Bradley; J.V. Anderson; E. P. Fuerst

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

378

Alteration and release of aliphatic compounds by the polychaete Nereis virens (Sars) experimentally fed with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fed with hydrocarbons a , a b b *Franck Gilbert , Georges Stora , Gaston Desrosiers , Bruno Deflandre-491-826-548. E-mail address: gilbert@mailhost.com.univ-mrs.fr (F. Gilbert). #12;included under the term; Gilbert et al., 1994, 1996; Kure and Forbes, 1997). During the mixing of sediments, bioturbating

Mailhes, Corinne

379

Alteration and release of aliphatic compounds by the polychaete Nereis virens (Sars) experimentally fed with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fed with hydrocarbons a , a b b *Franck Gilbert , Georges Stora , Gaston Desrosiers , Bruno Deflandre-491-826-548. E-mail address: gilbert@mailhost.com.univ-mrs.fr (F. Gilbert). hal-00763824,version1-11Dec2012 adsorbed onto the sediment (Gardner et al., 1979; Karickhoff and Morris, 1985; Reynoldson, 1987; Gilbert et

Boyer, Edmond

380

E-Print Network 3.0 - aliphatic carbon-centered radicals Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

preprintsreprints & other Collection: Physics 15 Acetone-Photosensitized Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Summary: ) Ross, A. B.; Neta, P. Rate constants for reactions of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Molybdenum recovery  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a process for the preparation of propylene oxide and tertiary butyl alcohol. It comprises: propylene and tertiary butyl hydroperoxide are reacted in an epoxidation reaction zone in solution in tertiary butyl alcohol in the presence of a soluble molybdenum catalyst to provide an epoxidation reaction product comprising unreacted propylene, unreacted tertiary butyl hydroperoxide, propylene oxide, tertiary butyl alcohol, dissolved molybdenum catalyst and impurities, including lower aliphatic C{sub 1}-C{sub 4} carboxylic acids, and wherein the epoxidation reaction product is resolved into product fractions in a distillation zone including a distillate propylene fraction.

Meyer, R.A.; Marquis, E.T.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water–tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

SciTech Connect

Water–tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with x{sub TBA} ? 0.03–0.07. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at x{sub TBA} ? 0.05. We note that “islands” of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak nonlinearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, x{sub TBA} ? 0.45, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Banerjee, Saikat; Furtado, Jonathan; Bagchi, Biman, E-mail: bbagchi@sscu.iisc.ernet.in [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

383

Basic study for the application of Cu supported ZnS and ZnO photocatalysts for the CO{sub 2} conversion into alcohol  

SciTech Connect

Transformation of CO{sub 2} into alcohol by using photocatalysts is one of the “green” methods to solve the environmental problem. In this study, to increase the activity, condition of Cu co-catalysts onto the substrate (Zn photocatalysts) were precisely controlled by obeying to relationship between the surface potential of substrate and the condition of metal complexes in solution by applying the metal complexes calculation using critical stability constants. By obeying to calculation results, Cu metal complexes with positively charged species, [(Cu{sup 2+})(MEA){sub 2}] and [(Cu{sup 2+})(MEA){sub 3}] and/or negatively charged species, [(Cu{sup 2+})(OH{sup ?})(cit{sup 3?})] monomer and dimmer, were stably synthesized. Absorption amount of Cu species was successfully controlled by using these solutions since surface potential of ZnO was negative. When the concentration of Cu in the solution was same, the difference of adsorption amount led the difference of the number of nuclear site of Cu particles. As a result, the size of co-catalysts in the case of MEA became smaller.

Kajino, Yasuharu, E-mail: hideyuki@mail.kankyo.tohoku.ac.jp; Takahashi, Hideyuki, E-mail: hideyuki@mail.kankyo.tohoku.ac.jp; Tohji, Kazuyuki, E-mail: hideyuki@mail.kankyo.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University 6-6-20, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8579 (Japan)

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

384

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water - tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water - tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.03 - 0.07$. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.05$. We note that "islands" of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak non-linearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.45$, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Saikat Banerjee; Jonathan Furtado; Biman Bagchi

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

385

Simultaneous liquid–liquid and vapour–liquid equilibria predictions of selected oxygenated aromatic molecules in mixtures with alkanes, alcohols, water, using the polar GC-PC-SAFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Phase equilibria of oxygen-bearing aromatic compounds, hydrocarbons and water mixtures are of essential interest in many processes using feeds originating from biomass. The strong non-ideal thermodynamic behavior of these systems sometimes results in immiscibility with both water and alkanes. To address this problem, the GC-PPC-SAFT equation of state [Tamouza et al., 2004; Nguyen-Huynh et al., 2008a] is extended to some selected components: phenol, alkyl-phenols, alkyl-benzoates, benzaldehyde and anisole. However, as in these multifunctional compounds, the proximity of polar functional groups may result in a lack of transferability of the parameters from the monofunctional homologous species, some parameters have been adapted in view of physical arguments. Next, liquid–vapour and liquid–liquid equilibria of mixtures with n-alkanes were evaluated, using a predictive method for the binary interaction parameters (kij) [Nguyen-Huynh et al., 2008b]. Finally, mixtures with other associating compounds, as alcohols and water have also been considered. In all cases, both correlations and predictions are qualitatively and quantitatively satisfactory. The relative deviations obtained on bubble pressure of vapor–liquid equilibria are 4–8%, that is comparable to those obtained on previously investigated systems.

Nguyen-Huynh Dong; de Hemptinne Jean-Charles; Lugo Rafael; Passarello Jean-Philippe; Tobaly Pascal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Nanotube Confinement Denatures Protein Helices Eric J. Sorin and Vijay S. Pande*,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Simulations were performed on the Folding@Home distributed computing network as described previously11 using

Sorin, Eric J.

387

Probing structural heterogeneities and fluctuations of nucleic acids and denatured proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyelec- trolytes and protein folding in particular, standsdynamics ? protein folding ? single-molecule ?uorescencestructure and dynamics. Protein folding is the most spec-

Laurence, T A; Kong, X X; Jager, M; Weiss, S

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Mechanisms of bioprosthetic heart valve failure: Fatigue causes collagen denaturation and glycosaminoglycan loss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

caused progressive damage to the molecular structure of type I collagen as assessed by Fourier transform aortic valve cusps were 65.2 ± 8.66 g uronic acid/10 mg of dry weight for control and 7.91 ± 1.1 g uronic acid/10 mg of dry weight for 10­300 million cycled cusps. Together, these molecular changes contribute

Zand, Robert

389

Effect of the Protein Denaturants Urea and Guanidinium on Water Structure: A Structural and Thermodynamic Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the hydrogen bond network of water in the first hydration shell of urea and guanidinium were analyzed in terms of the random network model using Monte Carlo simulations. Bulk water consists of two populations of hydrogen and more bent hydrogen bonds. In the first shell of urea, hydrogen bonds between waters solvating the amino

Sharp, Kim

390

J. Mol. Biol. (1995) 252, 672708 Acid and Thermal Denaturation of Barnase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g. on tyrosine and tryptophan sidechains. The hydrogen-bonding propensity of the water molecules tends structural elements, where water molecules compete with the interstrand and intrahelical hydrogen bonds state to a partially unfoldedDepartment of Chemistry conformation has been studied by molecular dynamics

Caflisch, Amedeo

391

Analysis of Bacterial Communities in Seagrass Bed Sediments by Double-Gradient Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial Ecology Analysis of Bacterial Communities in Seagrass Bed Sediments by Double, including the presence or absence of vegetation, depth into sediment, and season. Double- gradient of these similarity coefficients were used to group banding patterns by depth into sediment, presence or absence

Sherman, Tim

392

Evaluation of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to differentiate Escherichia coli populations in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be an effective tool to differentiate unique E. coli popu- lations and should be useful to characterize E. coli, 1977; USEPA, 1986a). Second, several strains of E. coli are toxic to humans and are infectious via) to differentiate mixed assemblages of E. coli in the natural environment. After confirming the identity of 184

Sigler, Von

393

Toward a Taxonomy of the Denatured State: Small Angle Scattering Studies of Unfolded Proteins  

SciTech Connect

Despite the critical role the unfolded state plays in defining protein folding kinetics and thermodynamics (Berg et al., 2002; Dunker, 2002; Shortle, 2002; Wright and Dyson, 2002), our understanding of its detailed structure remains rather rudimentary; the heterogeneity of the unfolded ensemble renders difficult or impossible its study by traditional, atomic-level structural methods. Consequently, recent years have seen a significant expansion of small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering (SAXS and SANS, respectively) techniques that provide direct, albeit rotationally and time-averaged, measures of the geometric properties of the unfolded ensemble. These studies have reached a critical mass, allowing us for the first time to define general observations regarding the nature of the geometry - and possibly the chemistry and physics - of unfolded proteins.

Millett, I.S.; Doniach, S.; Plaxco, K.W. (Stanford); (UCSB)

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated constant denaturant Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medicine Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 21 Single-molecule protein folding: Diffusion fluorescence resonance energy transfer studies Summary: are fairly...

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid-denatured acbp controlled Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

; Biology and Medicine 5 Rapid mixing methods for exploring the kinetics of protein folding Heinrich Roder,a,b,* Kosuke Maki,a,1 Summary: events, such as cis-trans...

396

Single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer study of protein dynamics under denaturing conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biochemistry 30, 10436 -10443. 1931968 45 Shastry, M. C. R., Agashe, V. R. & Udgaonkar, J. B. ( 1994 ) Protein Sci. 3, 1409 -1417...2004 ) Protein Sci. 13, 633 -639. 14767081 48 Pappu, R. V., Srinivasan, R. & Rose, G. D. ( 2000...

Elza V. Kuzmenkina; Colin D. Heyes; G. Ulrich Nienhaus

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

chemical compounds composed of chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group: CH 3 -(CH 2 )n-OH (e.g., metha- nol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol). See Fuel Ethanol. Alternative Fuel: Alternative fuels, for transportation applications, include the following: methanol; denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; fuel mixtures contain- ing 85 percent or more by volume of methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alco- hols with motor gasoline or other fuels; natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas (propane); hydrogen; coal-derived liquid fuels; fuels (other than alcohol) derived from biological materials (biofuels such as soy diesel fuel); electricity (including electricity from solar energy); and "... any other fuel the Secretary determines, by

398

ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 1992.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POLICY ACT OF 1992 POLICY ACT OF 1992 SEC. 301. DEFINITIONS. Source (http://energy.nfesc.navy.mil/law_us/92epact/hr776toc.htm) For purposes of this title, title IV, and title V (unless otherwise specified)- (1) the term "Administrator" means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency; (2) the term "alternative fuel" means methanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols; mixtures containing 5 percent or more (or such other percentage, but not less than 70 percent, as determined by the Secretary, by rule, to provide for requirements relating to cold start, safety, or vehicle functions) by volume of ethanol, denatured ethanol, and other alcohols with gasoline or other fuels; natural gas; liquefied petroleum gas; hydrogen; coal-derived liquid fuels; fuels (other than alcohol) derived from biological materials;

399

Coal liquefaction process using pretreatment with a binary solvent mixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved process for thermal solvent refining or hydroliquefaction of non-anthracitic coal at elevated temperatures under hydrogen pressure in a hydrogen donor solvent comprises pretreating the coal with a binary mixture of an aromatic hydrocarbon and an aliphatic alcohol at a temperature below 300 C before the hydroliquefaction step. This treatment generally increases both conversion of coal and yields of oil. 1 fig.

Miller, R.N.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

400

Alcohol Use, Comorbidity, and Mortality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2–3 drinks per day and having gout or anxiety or taking aby a doctor that they had gout, hepatitis, or ulcer disease,psychiatric conditions Gout, anxiety disorder (history of

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Drugs, Alcohol, & You (DAY) Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optometry Pharmacy Radiology Physical Therapy Medical Clinic Director of Medical Services Client Reception Resources Director of Business Services Dental Services Laboratory Services Women's Clinic Assistant

402

Alcoholic beverages Nuts and seeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pork oat tabasco pepper feta cheese tequila malt wheat bread soybean citrus peel wasabi chickpea lard

Ahn, Yong-Yeol

403

Definition: Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol A colorless, flammable liquid produced by fermentation of sugars. While it is also the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, it can be denatured for fuel use. Fuel ethanol is used principally for blending in low concentrations with motor gasoline as an oxygenate or octane enhancer. In high concentrations, it is used to fuel alternative-fuel vehicles specially designed for its use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion liters. From 2007 to 2008, the share of ethanol in global gasoline type

404

Synthesis of aliphatic hydrocarbons from the gasification products of oil shale from the Leningrad and Kashpir deposits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of the gasification of oil shale from the Leningrad and Kashpir deposits and...

T. A. Avakyan; Yu. A. Strizhakova; A. S. Malinovskii; A. L. Lapidus

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Asbestiform sepiolite coated by aliphatic hydrocarbons from Perletoa, Aosta Valley Region (Western Alps, Italy): characterization, genesis and possible hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spectra collected on composite films between xylan-type hemicelluloses (polysaccharides...and probably interacts with the fibre surfaces via specific bonds. These interactions...hydrocarbon coating and the sepiolite fibres surface slowly but inexorably opened new interstices...

R. Giustetto; K. Seenivasan; E. Belluso

406

Use of Aliphatic n-Alkynes To Discriminate Soil Nitrification Activities of Ammonia-Oxidizing Thaumarchaea and Bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MC, Madras cropped; KC, Klamath cropped; and CC, Corvallis...of a functionally distinct group of AOA that differs from the groups responding to organic N mineralization...Agricultural Research Center, the Klamath Basin Research and Extension...

Anne E. Taylor; Neeraja Vajrala; Andrew T. Giguere; Alix I. Gitelman; Daniel J. Arp; David D. Myrold; Luis Sayavedra-Soto; Peter J. Bottomley

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

bus, a Bushy Arabidopsis CYP79F1 Knockout Mutant with Abolished Synthesis of Short-Chain Aliphatic Glucosinolates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...methyl donor in trans-methylation reactions, and the hormone ethylene (). In addition, methionine is an immediate progenitor of...metabolism in plants Reintanz B. Rodman J.E. Karol K.G. Price R.A. Sytsma K.J. Molecules, morphology, and Dahlgrens...

Birgit Reintanz; Michaela Lehnen; Michael Reichelt; Jonathan Gershenzon; Marius Kowalczyk; Goran Sandberg; Matthias Godde; Rainer Uhl; Klaus Palme

408

CHANGES IN ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBON TRACER COMPOSITION DURING THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS OF THE MARINE WORM NEREIS VIRENS. PRELIMINARY RESULTS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEREIS VIRENS. PRELIMINARY RESULTS. F. GILBERT a,b, G. STORA b, G. DESROSIERS a, J-P. GAGNE a, B hydrocarbons to a harsh chemical and active microbiological environment11. If the metabolization of polycyclic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

Application of organolithium compounds for the preparation of some aliphatic and alicyclic phosphines, phosphine oxides and phosphine sulfides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-a-pr?wylphssyhiae) to 6)t? (triaethyl- phosphiae)i Those yielgs esasot bo eoasi4ore4 to bo the sssiasa possible ~ siaeo so stagy of tho osao resotioa vss ?agertsbss sa4er vsrioss eoagitioaa. Sae a44itioa of sa ether selatios of phosphorus espehlsrigo te ss eseoos ef...Lpllithiuw& 20, 7 gi(0&19 sole) of yhosyhorus trichloride ia $0 al of anhydrous other was a44od dropwioo at a toaperature between 20' and -10" ~ . 'ftor the o44itioa of the phosphor?s triohloride the cooling bath?as resowed snd the reostioa aixturo...

Screttas, Constantinos G

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

THE CHEMISTRY OF COAL MODEL COMPOUNDS -CLEAVAGE OF ALIPHATIC BRIDGES BETWEEN AROMATIC NUCLEI CATALYSED BY LEWIS ACIDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Background I. II. III. IV. II. Coal Liquefaction . •Coal Structure • • . Lewis Acid Catalysts. Scope andOrganic Structure of Bituminous Coal", Proceedings, Stanford

Taylor, Newell D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Generation, Observation, and Free Radical Reactivity of Aliphatic Bisketenes:? The Solution to a Long-Standing Problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Annette D. Allen , Michael H. Fenwick , Amir Jabri , Huzaifa Rangwala , Kazem Saidi , and Thomas T. Tidwell * ... (g) Allen, A. D.; Rangwala, H.; Saidi, K.; Tidwell, T. T.; Wang, J. Russ. ...

Annette D. Allen; Michael H. Fenwick; Amir Jabri; Huzaifa Rangwala; Kazem Saidi; Thomas T. Tidwell

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

412

The effect of ionizing radiation on dielectric properties of bovine achilles tendon collagen in the temperature range of thermal denaturation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of ?-irradiation, with doses from 102?2×103 kGy, on the dielectric properties of solid-state collagen was studied. The temperature dependence of the constants ?? and ??' revealed a decrease in the dena...

F. Jaroszyk; E. Marzec

1994-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Protein folding from a highly disordered denatured state: The folding pathway of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 at atomic resolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...theoretical study of polyalanine peptides by Pappu et al. (31) suggests that the Flory...F J Otzen D E Ladurner A G Fersht A R ( 1995 ) J Mol Biol 254 : 968 – 979...10.1073/ pnas.090104997) . 31 Pappu R V Srinivasan R Rose G D ( 2000 ) Proc...

Steven L. Kazmirski; Kam-Bo Wong; Stefan M. V. Freund; Yee-Joo Tan; Alan R. Fersht; Valerie Daggett

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Alcohol and Historiography in Early China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Yunmeng county, Hubei province; dating to 217 BCE) note that it was a crime for commoners living on farms to sell jiu ? “ale/wine”.3 Furthermore, the text at the heart of what would later be referred to as the legalist doctrine that had shaped Qin... . An inscription cast on a bronze known as the “Da Yu ding” ???, which records King Kang’s ?? (r.1005/3-978 BCE) appointment of a minister named Yu ? (in 981 BCE), praises King Wu’s ?? success in overthrowing the Shang. It hails the Zhou for their sobriety...

Sterckx, Roel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The social situation of alcoholism in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of apprenticeship in Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityDrinking and Sobriety in Japan. (Doctoral Dissertation). NewApproaches. Fukuoka, Japan: Kyushu University Press.

Maguire, Tara Ann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

ORGANIC GEOCHEMICAL STUDIES, II. A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS IN ALGAE, IN BACTERIA, AND IN A RECENT LAKE SEDIMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The normal hydrocarbons of the rich oil shale from the Green River Formation exhibit...n-C17 alkane in the Green River oil shale is consistent with the theory that...rise to the organic material of rich oil shale. Although the Florida Mud Lake ooze...

Jerry Han; E. D. McCarthy; William Van Hoeven; Melvin Calvin; W. H. Bradley

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

ORGANIC GEOCHEMICAL STUDIES, II. A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS IN ALGAE, IN BACTERIA, AND IN A RECENT LAKE SEDIMENT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...higher-molecular- TABLE 1. Hydrocarbons from algae. n-C, n-C1. Pristane A-C17 n-Cl? Branched C1s Phytane n-Cis, n-Ci8 n-C2u Higher mol wt hydrocarbons Major component .-Blue-Green Algae- Nostoc Anacysti8 0.42 28 0.42 3.4 4.0 100 100 19...

Jerry Han; E. D. McCarthy; William Van Hoeven; Melvin Calvin; W. H. Bradley

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Complete Detoxification of Short Chain Chlorinated Aliphatic Compounds: Isolation of Halorespiring Organisms and Biochemical Studies of the Dehalogenating Enzyme Systems - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Work focused on the isolation and characterization of halorespiring populations, and the initial investigation of the dechlorinating enzyme systems. In addition, tools to evaluate the presence/activity to halorespiring populations in the environment were developed. The tools developed in this work (measurements of hydrogen consumption thresholds, molecular probes) are relevant for regulatory agencies in order to facilitate decisions on which bioremediation technology (biostimulation or bioaugmentation) is most promising at a particular site. In addition, a better understanding of the physiology of the halorespiring organisms as well as the biochemistry of the dehalogenating enzyme systems enhances our knowledge of how these organisms can successfully be employed in the bioremediation of contaminated sites.

Tiedje, J.M.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

IDENTIFYING HEALTHY ALCOHOL CUSTOMS: A CULTURAL ANALYSIS COMPARING THE ITALIAN AND AMERICAN ALCOHOL CULTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research utilizes the methodology of qualitative research to investigate the drinking habits and culture of two countries: Italy and the United States. The thesis highlights statistical evidence provided by the two individual countries...

Williams, Cindy 1989-

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Oral Squamous Cell Cancer Risk in Relation to Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol Dehydrogenase-3 Genotypes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considered unscorable. Quality control samples included...average percentage of increase in OSCC risk, and 95...corresponding proportions for wine were 3% for cases and...the magnitude of the increase was more pronounced among...associated with a 2.2% increase in OSCC risk (95% CI...

Stephen M. Schwartz; David R. Doody; E. Dawn Fitzgibbons; Sherianne Ricks; Peggy L. Porter; and Chu Chen

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Protein folding by distributed computing and the denatured state ensemble Neelan J. Marianayagam, Nicolas L. Fawzi, and Teresa Head-Gordon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

July 26, 2005) The distributed computing (DC) paradigm in conjunction with the folding@home (FH) client from higher energy subpopulations in the DSE. folding mechanism folding@home two-state kinetics Poisson a particular strength of the distributed computing (DC) approach known as folding@home (FH), which compares

Head-Gordon, Teresa L.

422

Denaturation and Renaturation of a ?-1,6;1,3-Glucan, Lentinan, Associated with Expression of T-Cell-mediated Responses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4/30, in gel electrophoresis apparatus EL-4...Sweden) and electrophoresis was run at a constant...at 3'C. The electrode buffer was 0...value of 25 in water changed to 2 in...urea and DMSO by dialysis against water resulted...Dof Lentinan by Treatment with NaOH. Fig...

Yukiko Y. Maeda; Sumiyo T. Watanabe; Chie Chihara; and Makoto Rokutanda

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Cloning of the Arabidopsis RSF1 Gene by Using a Mapping Strategy Based on High-Density DNA Arrays and Denaturing High-Performance Liquid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Alto, California 94304 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, La Jolla, California 92037...Associate Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Aarts M.G.M. Corzaan...genomics Nagatani A. Plant biology. Lighting up the nucleus Neff M.M. Neff J.D...

Jamie I. Spiegelman; Michael N. Mindrinos; Christian Fankhauser; Daniel Richards; Jason Lutes; Joanne Chory; Peter J. Oefner

424

Cloning of the Arabidopsis RSF1 Gene by Using a Mapping Strategy Based on High-Density DNA Arrays and Denaturing High-Performance Liquid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...combined with its low operating cost, make DHPLC an effective and...organisms. Improvements (e.g., cost and more amenable markers...Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Aarts M.G.M...Nagatani A. Plant biology. Lighting up the nucleus Neff M.M...

Jamie I. Spiegelman; Michael N. Mindrinos; Christian Fankhauser; Daniel Richards; Jason Lutes; Joanne Chory; Peter J. Oefner

425

Intrinsically Disordered Proteins and Their Environment: Effects of Strong Denaturants, Temperature, pH, Counter Ions, Membranes, Binding Partners, Osmolytes, and Macromolecular Crowding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) differ from “normal” ordered proteins at several levels, structural, functional and ... is complementary to the catalytic activities of ordered proteins. Amino acid biases...

Vladimir N. Uversky

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Cloning of the Arabidopsis RSF1 Gene by Using a Mapping Strategy Based on High-Density DNA Arrays and Denaturing High-Performance Liquid Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...both are amenable to high-throughput automation, which is an essential prerequisite in...tairpub@ftp.arabidopsis.org/home/tair/Software">ftp://tairpub:tairpub@ftp.arabidopsis.org/home/tair/Software. Marker scores...

Jamie I. Spiegelman; Michael N. Mindrinos; Christian Fankhauser; Daniel Richards; Jason Lutes; Joanne Chory; Peter J. Oefner

427

Defective Pollen Wall is Required for Anther and Microspore Development in Rice and Encodes a Fatty Acyl Carrier Protein Reductase  

SciTech Connect

Aliphatic alcohols naturally exist in many organisms as important cellular components; however, their roles in extracellular polymer biosynthesis are poorly defined. We report here the isolation and characterization of a rice (Oryza sativa) male-sterile mutant, defective pollen wall (dpw), which displays defective anther development and degenerated pollen grains with an irregular exine. Chemical analysis revealed that dpw anthers had a dramatic reduction in cutin monomers and an altered composition of cuticular wax, as well as soluble fatty acids and alcohols. Using map-based cloning, we identified the DPW gene, which is expressed in both tapetal cells and microspores during anther development. Biochemical analysis of the recombinant DPW enzyme shows that it is a novel fatty acid reductase that produces 1-hexadecanol and exhibits >270-fold higher specificity for palmiltoyl-acyl carrier protein than for C16:0 CoA substrates. DPW was predominantly targeted to plastids mediated by its N-terminal transit peptide. Moreover, we demonstrate that the monocot DPW from rice complements the dicot Arabidopsis thaliana male sterile2 (ms2) mutant and is the probable ortholog of MS2. These data suggest that DPWs participate in a conserved step in primary fatty alcohol synthesis for anther cuticle and pollen sporopollenin biosynthesis in monocots and dicots.

Shi, J.; Shanklin, J.; Tan, H.; Yu, X.-H.; Liu, Y.; Liang, W.; Ranathunge, K.; Franke, R. B.; Schreiber, L.; Wang, Y.; Kai, G.; Ma, H.; Zhang, D.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A replacement solvent cleaner/degreaser study at Duffy Electric and Machine Company  

SciTech Connect

Duffy Electric & Machine Company repairs and rebuilds electric motors. The company overhauls large electric motors (AC and DC with greater than 15 hp output). The company also overhauls small electric motors. The process involves gross cleaning of electromechanical devices to achieve a level of cleanliness that facilitates inspection, repair, and testing. The cleaner used in this study, Petroferm BIOACT{trademark} 285, was selected because it is representative of its class of material. BIOACT{trademark} is a mixture of high molecular-weight aliphatic esters and can be categorized as a semi-aqueous fluid. The cleaner is meant to be used without dilution and must be rinsed with alcohol, such as IPA, rather than with water. The alcohol is a technical grade that is at least 98% IPA, with the remainder being water. The IPA rinse is completely miscible with the ester solvent. The IPA evaporates rapidly due to its high vapor pressure (3 mm Hg @ 68{degrees}F).This report describes the performance of the ester and alcohol cleansers with regard to pollution abatement and health hazards as well as cleaning performance.

Springer, J. Jr. [Risk Reduction Engineering Lab., Cincinnati, OH (United States); Sass, B. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrarily amplified dna Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

given DNA sequence millions of times. A. Denaturation: DNA is denatured. B. Annealing: Primer... acronyms associated with molecular markers AFLP Amplified Fragment Length...

430

Energy Balance for Ethyl Alcohol Production from Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...used in agricultural and industrial processing, except the solar energy that the plants use for growth. Moreira and Goldemberg...which they live to-gether in the Serengeti National Park of Tanzania. During the wet season, which extends from November through...

JOSÉ GOMES DA SILVA; GIL EDUARDO SERRA; JOSÉ ROBERTO MOREIRA; JOSÉ CARLOS CONÇALVES; JOSÉ GOLDEMBERG

1978-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

431

JASPERSE CHEM 360 TEST 1 VERSION 2 Alcohols and Retrosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

points) 5. Of the following common solvents, circle those that are unsuitable as solvents the data) 5 pt Formula: C6H12O Hydrogenation Test H2/Pt No reaction Chromic Acid Test H2CrO4 Turns green

Jasperse, Craig P.

432

JASPERSE CHEM 360 TEST 1 VERSION 2 Alcohols and Retrosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

points) 5. Of the following common solvents, circle those that are unsuitable as solvents Formula: C6H12O Hydrogenation Test H2/Pt No reaction Chromic Acid Test H2CrO4 Turns green Lucas Test HCl

Jasperse, Craig P.

433

Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents for the Oxidation of Alcohols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds are of central importance to organic chemistry, biochemistry, and biology. Aldehydes and ketones are used as starting materials or reagents for the synthesis of other organic compounds, drugs, ...

Farhad Shirini; Masoumeh Abedini; Seyyed Vahid Atghia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The feasibility of producing alcohol fuels from biomass in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Apart from cost, the net production of energy is the most important factor in evaluating the feasibility of producing renewable fuels from woody biomass. Unlike sugar, the effort required to make woody materials fermentable is considerable, and has been a major barrier to the use of such materials to produce renewable fuels. The Energy Profit Ratio (EPR) of fossil fuels is declining rapidly as conventional oil resources decline, but the EPR of biomass fuels is often not as high as commonly thought. I conclude that producing methanol from wood not only has a much higher yield, but is also cheaper than the more popular ethanol.

Chris Mardon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Page 1 of 5 Alcohol and Other Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of those sanctions, up to and including expulsion or termination of employment and referral for criminal or rehabilitation program; suspension or expulsion from the School; and/or referral to the appropriate law

436

LIGNIN BIODEGRADATION AND THE PRODUCTION OF ETHYL ALCOHOL FROM CELLULOSE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Moore, W. E. , Removing lignin from wood with white-rotof carbohydrates on lignin degradation by the white-rotP. and Eriksson, K. -E. , Lignin degradation and utilization

Rosenberg, S.L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Fermented and Aged on the vine Alcohol 12.5%  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projected population of 348 million" Without an increase in farm productivity, additional 1.6 Billion students to participate in Project SMART Summer Institute ­ 2014 at UNH. Co-advisor to two Ph.D. students, pharmaceuticals · Renewable energy sources ­ Primary and Secondary Metabolism · Plants as Solution to Pollution

New Hampshire, University of

438

Sleep Deprivation vs. Alcohol Consumption: Effects on Motor Skills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

=1393977632_18f9bbddc951f6946beb0f0014527095. Hack, M.A. ,to compare their effects. Hack, Choi, Vijayapalan, Davies &

Datta, Sasha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Galactose oxidase in stereospecific oxidation of primary alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rate sufficient to account for the change in absorbance observed in the galactose oxidase reaction. Potassium ferricyanide also oxidizes o-dianisidine, the chromagen used in the assay, but again, at the concentrations used in the assay, the increase...-carbon polyols are very good substrates. Six-carbon polyols are very weak substrates presumably because of steric hindrance, but they may be enhanced to reasonable substrates by small concentrations of potassium ferricyanide. 30 CHAPTER V SYNTHESIS OF L...

Root, Robert Lee

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Heavy Alcohols as a Fuel Blending Agent for Compression Ignition...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Applications Blends of Phytol and diesel (by volume) were compared against baseline diesel experiments and simulations p-21ramirez.pdf More Documents & Publications HD...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Methods for dehydration of sugars and sugar alcohols  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention includes a method of dehydration of a sugar using a dehydration catalyst and a co-catalyst within a reactor. A sugar is introduced and H.sub.2 is flowed through the reactor at a pressure of less than or equal to about 300 psig to convert at least some of the sugar into an anhydrosugar product. The invention includes a process for producing isosorbide. A starting material comprising sorbitol is flowed into a reactor. H.sub.2 is counter flowed through the reactor. The starting material is exposed to a catalyst in the presence of a co-catalyst which comprises at least one metal. The exposing is conducted at a hydrogen pressure of less than or equal to 300 psig within the reactor and the hydrogen removes at least some of any water present during the exposing and inhibits formation of colored byproducts.

Holladay, Johnathan E [Kennewick, WA; Hu, Jianli [Kennewick, WA; Zhang, Xinjie [Burlington, MA; Wang, Yong [Richland, WA

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

Alcohol production from Jerusalem artichoke using yeasts with inulinase activity  

SciTech Connect

The obtaining of a fermentable extract from Jerusalem artichoke is simple. Yeasts with inulinase activity can be used to produce ethanol with good profitability. This method makes it possible to obtain 25 to 65 hl ethanol/ha with by-products usable as feed. (Refs. 19).

Guiraud, J.P.; Daurelles, J.; Galzy, P.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Process Development for Biocatalytic Oxidations Applying Alcohol Dehydrogenases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These properties can lead to new process routes which reduce production costs and simultaneously account for a lower environmental pollution. ... In case of the bubble aerated reactor system, full conversion of the (R)-enantiomer was already reached after 2.5 h; for the experiment without additional air supply it took around 28 h. ...

Jan Brummund; Theo Sonke; Monika Müller

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electrocatalysis: A direct alcohol fuel cell and surface science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Most frequently, dealloyed Pt-Co bimetallic alloy nanoparticles are studied for electrocatalyst cathodes 27,28. The primary challenge at both the anode as well as the cath-...

445

Hematopoietic Malignancies Associated with Viral and Alcoholic Hepatitis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chronic myeloproliferative disease (ICD-O3: 9741, 9742, 9750, 9754, 9755, 9756, 9757, 9950, 9960, 9961-9964, 9975). Cases included in the present study were of ages 67 to 99 y at diagnosis of malignancy and had at least 12 mo of Part A...

Lesley A. Anderson; Ruth Pfeiffer; Joan L. Warren; Ola Landgren; Shahinaz Gadalla; Sonja I. Berndt; Winnie Ricker; Ruth Parsons; William Wheeler; Eric A. Engels

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Tabulation of Alcohol Content of Beer and Malt Beverages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......no Amstel LightBeer 12 3.61 Light Amstel Brouwerij B.V. Holland...CA no Anchor OurSpecialAle Christmas 1997 12 5.28 Ale - Seasonal...Budweiser BudweiserIce BudweiserIce Light BudweiserLight BullIce BurtonAle...Anheuser-BuschBrewingCo. 12 5.41 Light Anheuser-BuschBrewingCo......

Glenn A. Case; Sandra Distefano; Barry K. Logan

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Examining college students' beliefs and behaviors regarding responsible alcohol consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents three separate studies designed to provide structure and evidence-based insight into the characteristics associated with responsible drinking. First, a primer on the responsible drinking message will be presented...

Barry, Adam Etheridge

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Folk Talking, Folk Listening: How Alcoholics Anonymous Works  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

You can‘t? Then the ocean is a higher power than you are.Take the ocean as your Higher Power. ? [I‘m a bit lesspower greater than you. ? These simple metaphors of the ocean and

Michel, Maggi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

High compression ratio turbo gasoline engine operation using alcohol enhancement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasoline - ethanol blends were explored as a strategy to mitigate engine knock, a phenomena in spark ignition engine combustion when a portion of the end gas is compressed to the point of spontaneous auto-ignition. This ...

Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Ti-Catalyzed Reactions of Hindered Isocyanates with Alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a nitrogen-carbon bond with retention of stereo- chemistry at carbon, and they have been used, for instance the Curtius rear- rangement of an acyl azide to construct the pivotal nitrogen-carbon bond (cf. Scheme 1 other Lewis acids, including zinc chloride, titanium tetrachloride, and tin tetrachloride, were either

Spino, Claude

451

Alcohol Excites Cerebellar Golgi Cells by Inhibiting Paolo Botta1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The mechanisms responsible for these effects of ethanol are poorly understood. Recent studies have identified neurons in the input layer of the cerebellar cortex as important ethanol targets. In this layer, granule have previously shown that acute ethanol exposure abolishes GrC responsiveness to sensory inputs

De Schutter, Erik

452

Tobacco, Alcohol, Diet, Occupation, and Carcinoma of the Esophagus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...wine, and beer per 10 g increase in ethanol content were...There was no further increase in risk with daily dose...exhibited a monotonie increase in risk within the reported...beer, with risk from wine intermediate between...to have affected the quality of the information collected...

Mimi C. Yu; David H. Garabrant; John M. Peters; and Thomas M. Mack

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A PROTEOMIC STUDY OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to oxidative stress with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) contained 17% less carbonylated proteins than the non-fat loaded control. Mass spectrometric analysis of carbonylated proteins indicated that known classical markers of protein carbonylation (e...

Newton, Billy W.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

454

Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Biomass in Hot-Compressed Water, Alcohols, and Alcohol-Water Co-solvents for Biocrude Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HTL technology is particularly promising for converting wet biomass resources such as microalgae, agro waste streams (e.g., manures), municipal/industrial wastewater sludge and fresh/green forest biomass/residues...

Chunbao Charles Xu; Yuanyuan Shao…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Comment on flash photolysis resonance fluorescence investigation of the gas-phase reactions of OH radicals with a series of aliphatic ketones over the temperature range 240-440 K  

SciTech Connect

The recent flash photolysis-resonance fluorescence study of Wallington and Kurylo dealing with the kinetics of the gas-phase reactions of the OH radical with ketones has greatly expanded the literature data base concerning this class of organic compounds. For 2- and 3-pentanone and 2-hexanone the absolute room temperature rate constants determined by Wallington and Kurylo can be compared to rate constants obtained by using a relative rate technique, and significant discrepancies, outside of the combined stated experimental error limits, are evident. The relative rate constant measurements were carried out in a 60-L Teflon chamber, and problems ascribed to first-order wall losses of the ketones during the irradiations were observed.

Atkinson, R.; Aschmann, S.M.

1988-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Entire Molecular Biology Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology Archives Molecular Biology Archives Molecular Biology, Since May 2000 Table of Contents: Blood pH and Oxygen DNA Extraction Flesh Eating Bacteria Amino Acid Differences Lyme Disease Effects Vinegar and Alcohol Mosquito and Blood Caffeine and Smoking Bread Mold and pH Hemocyanin and Hemerythrin Hodospin Man-made Bacteria Pregnancy Tips mRNA Killing Bacteria Gram Stain Milk Bacteria Denatured Protein Pseudmands Bacteria Nucleotide Order Bacteria Resistance Albinism Genes DNA Healing Re-constitution of Proteins H. pylori and Multiple sclerosis Smallest Organism Sugars and Fats Bacteria Systematics Slow Regeneration Media Cultures Butter and Bacteria AIDS and Survival in Air Cell Intelligence Giardia gingivalis Meat Bacteria Pus and Immune Cells Chalones Culture of T. ferrooxisans Amphibian E. coli

457

Alkaline-Side Extraction of Cesium from Savannah River Tank Waste Using a Calixarene-Crown Ether Extractant  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented supporting the viability of the alkaline-side CSEX process as a potential replacement for the In-Tank Precipitation process for removal of cesium from aqueous high-level waste (HLW) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Under funding from the USDOE Efficient Separations and Crosscutting program, a flowsheet was suggested in early June of 1998, and in the following four months, this flowsheet underwent extensive testing, both in batch tests at ORNL and ANL and in two centrifugal-contactor tests at ANL. To carry out these tests, the initial ESP funding was augmented by direct funds from Westinghouse Savannah River Corporation. The flowsheet employed a solvent containing a calixarene-crown hybrid compound called BoBCalixC6 that was invented at ORNL and can now be obtained commercially for government use from IBC Advanced Technologies. This special extractant is so powerful and selective that it can be used at only 0.01 M, compensating for its expense, but a modifier is required for use in an aliphatic diluent, primarily to increase the cesium distribution ratio D{sub Cs} in extraction. The modifier selected is a relatively economical fluorinated alcohol called Cs3, invented at ORNL and so far available. only from ORNL. For the flowsheet, the modifier is used at 0.2 M in the branched aliphatic kerosene Isopar{reg_sign} L. Testing at ORNL and ANL involved simulants of the SRS HLW. After extraction of the Cs from the waste simulant, the solvent is scrubbed with 0.05 M HNO{sub 3} and stripped with a solution comprised of 0.0005 M HNO{sub 3} and 0.0001 M CsNO{sub 3}. The selection of these conditions is justified in this report, both on the basis of experimental data and underlying theory.

Bonnesen, P.V.; Delmau, L.H.; Haverlock, T.J.; Moyer, B.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Ethanol induces stronger dopamine release in nucleus accumbens (shell) of alcohol-preferring (bibulous) than in alcohol-avoiding (abstainer) rats .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Several studies on the differences between ethanol-preferring versus non-preferring rat lines suggest an innate deficit in the mesolimbic dopaminergic system as an underlying factor for… (more)

Bustamante, Diego

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Synthesis of poly(vinyl alcohol)-graft-poly(-caprolactone) and poly(vinyl alcohol)-graft-poly(lactide) in melt with magnesium hydride as catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)-graft-poly(lactide) in melt with magnesium hydride as catalyst Nadia Guerrouani, André Mas* , François Schué UMR 5253 CNRS-UM2%) was investigated using MgH2 environmental catalyst and melt-grown ring opening polymerization (ROP) of -caprolactone (CL) and L- lactide (LA), that avoiding undesirable toxic catalyst and solvent. The ability of Mg

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Manufacturing improvement and thermal property characterization of the frame structure of an Ultra-high Throughput Mutational Spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constant denaturant capillary electrophoresis (CDCE) is a DNA separation technique that allows the detection of mutants at a fraction of 10Ì???. CDCE uses a region of constant temperature and constant denaturant concentration ...

Lin, Jiengju J. (Jiengju James)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Insertion of Endocellulase Catalytic Domains into Thermostable Consensus Ankyrin Scaffolds: Effects on Stability and Cellulolytic Activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of these microbes produce a battery of secreted cellulases with...consensus ankyrin protein, the thermal denaturation midpoint (Tm...enhancements. We determined the thermal denaturation of these constructs...averaging five wavelength scans. Thermal unfolding transitions were...

Eva S. Cunha; Christine L. Hatem; Doug Barrick

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ion exchange characteristics of enhanced oil recovery systems (miscibility studies). Sesquiannual report, April 1, 1979-September 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

In the period of this report, studies of the hydrotropic properties of organic alkylbenzenesulfonates and particularly of alkylbenzenecarboxylates were extended; the effects of several different alcohols on miscibility between aqueous protosurfactant solutions and aliphatic and aromatic alkanes were investigated; hydrotropic properties of an alicylic carboxylate were determined; the equivalent weight of the organic salts studied was extended into the surfactant range; solubilities of protosurfactants and surfactants in salt solution were measured; and investigations of the adsorption of protosurfactants on minerals as a function of salinity were started. Pseudo three-component representations of hydrocarbon/alcohol/aqueous protosurfactant solutions (constant ratio of organic salt to water) have now been studied extensively, particularly in the case of toluene/1-butanol/aqueous sodium 2,5-diisopropylbenzenesulfonate. Measurements include establishment of the phase behavior in the limiting three-component systems, the effect of protosurfactant concentration in the four-component systems, and determination of the compositions in a limited number of cases of the coexisting phases. In extension of the equivalent weight of organic salts into the recognized surfactant regime, some were found to give miscibiity patterns which appeared to be reasonable extrapolations of the protosurfactants systems and some were quite different. Solubilities of surfactants restrict investigation to compositions having asymmetric boundaries. In these, it appears that protosurfactants are more effective in promoting miscibility than surfactants. Solubilities of organic salts in NaCl solutions, both of protosurfactants and surfactants, decline much more sharply with NaCl concentration than a constant product of the sodium ion concentration times the organic ion concentration would predict.

Ho, P.C.; Kraus, K.A.; Bender, T.M.; Ogden, S.B.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

SEPARATION OF FISCHER-TROPSCH WAX PRODUCTS FROM ULTRAFINE IRON CATALYST PARTICLES  

SciTech Connect

In this reporting period, a fundamental filtration study was continued to investigate the separation of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) liquids from iron-based catalyst particles. The overall focus of the program is with slurry-phase FTS in slurry bubble column reactor systems. Hydrocarbon products must be separated from catalyst particles before being removed from the reactor system. An efficient wax product/catalyst separation system is a key factor for optimizing operating costs for iron-based slurry-phase FTS. Previous work has focused on catalyst particle attrition and the formation of ultra-fine iron carbide and/or carbon particles. With the current study, we are investigating how the filtration properties are affected by these chemical and physical changes of the catalyst slurry during activation/synthesis. In this reporting period, a series of crossflow filtration experiments were initiated to study the effect of olefins and oxygenates on the filtration flux and membrane performance. Iron-based FTS reactor waxes contain a significant amount of oxygenates, depending on the catalyst formulation and operating conditions. Mono-olefins and aliphatic alcohols were doped into an activated iron catalyst slurry (with Polywax) to test their influence on filtration properties. The olefins were varied from 5 to 25 wt% and oxygenates from 6 to 17 wt% to simulate a range of reactor slurries reported in the literature. The addition of an alcohol (1-dodecanol) was found to decrease the permeation rate while the olefin added (1-hexadecene) had no effect on the permeation rate. A passive flux maintenance technique was tested that can temporarily increase the permeate rate for 24 hours.

James K. Neathery; Gary Jacobs; Burtron H. Davis

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Yellow phosphorus process to convert toxic chemicals to non-toxic products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a process for generating reactive species for destroying toxic chemicals. This process first contacts air or oxygen with aqueous emulsions of molten yellow phosphorus. This contact results in rapid production of abundant reactive species such as O, O[sub 3], PO, PO[sub 2], etc. A gaseous or liquid aqueous solution organic or inorganic chemicals is next contacted by these reactive species to reduce the concentration of toxic chemical and result in a non-toxic product. The final oxidation product of yellow phosphorus is phosphoric acid of a quality which can be recovered for commercial use. A process is developed such that the byproduct, phosphoric acid, is obtained without contamination of toxic species in liquids treated. A gas stream containing ozone without contamination of phosphorus containing species is also obtained in a simple and cost-effective manner. This process is demonstrated to be effective for destroying many types of toxic organic, or inorganic, compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), aromatic chlorides, amines, alcohols, acids, nitro aromatics, aliphatic chlorides, polynuclear aromatic compounds (PAH), dyes, pesticides, sulfides, hydroxyamines, ureas, dithionates and the like. 20 figs.

Chang, S.G.

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

465

Yellow phosphorus process to convert toxic chemicals to non-toxic products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a process for generating reactive species for destroying toxic chemicals. This process first contacts air or oxygen with aqueous emulsions of molten yellow phosphorus. This contact results in rapid production of abundant reactive species such as O, O.sub.3, PO, PO.sub.2, etc. A gaseous or liquid aqueous solution organic or inorganic chemicals is next contacted by these reactive species to reduce the concentration of toxic chemical and result in a non-toxic product. The final oxidation product of yellow phosphorus is phosphoric acid of a quality which can be recovered for commercial use. A process is developed such that the byproduct, phosphoric acid, is obtained without contamination of toxic species in liquids treated. A gas stream containing ozone without contamination of phosphorus containing species is also obtained in a simple and cost-effective manner. This process is demonstrated to be effective for destroying many types of toxic organic, or inorganic, compounds, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), aromatic chlorides, amines, alcohols, acids, nitro aromatics, aliphatic chlorides, polynuclear aromatic compounds (PAH), dyes, pesticides, sulfides, hydroxyamines, ureas, dithionates and the like.

Chang, Shih-Ger (El Cerrito, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Film-forming capacity of alcoholic solutions of iron(III) chloride with acetylacetone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Processes in which film-forming solutions based on acetylacetonate and iron(III) chloride are produced were subjected to...

S. A. Kuznetsova; I. A. Senokosova

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol cigarette smoking Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-17 in West Virginia smoke ... Source: Mohaghegh, Shahab - Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, West Virginia University Collection: Fossil Fuels 2 Original...

468

Behaviour and effects of alcohol-blended petrol in the subsurface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Bristol BS3 1LL, UK 3 Energy Institute, 61 New Cavendish...road fuels derived from renewable sources. Butanol is...typically not derived from renewable sources. Two categories...is supplied as EBG (Energy Institute 2012); this...for example, E100 in Brazil, M15 (15% methanol...

Philip Morgan; Simon Firth; Beate Hildenbrand

469

Specific binding sites for alcohols and anesthetics on ligand-gated ion channels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...applications of these compounds. Propanethiol, isoflurane (Ohmeda, Liberty Corner, NJ) or enflurane (Apothecon, Princeton, NJ) were dissolved in...Anesthesia Research Foundation for supporting our collaborative project; V. Bleck and A. Gaudet for technical assistance; and Drs...

Maria Paola Mascia; James R. Trudell; R. Adron Harris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Atomic Layer Deposition Preparation of Pd Nanoparticles on a Porous Carbon Support for Alcohol Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ALD-prepared catalyst was characterized by atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) (ICP-AES, Varian Liberty series II), X-ray diffraction, (XRD) (PanAnalytical X’Pert Pro), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) (SSX-100), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) (Tecnai 12 Bio Twin with LaB6 gun at 120 kV), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) (JEOL JSM-7500FA). ... CNB-E project through the Multidisciplinary Institute of Digitalization and Energy (MIDE) program and Academy of Finland are acknowledged for financial support. ...

Emma Rikkinen; Annukka Santasalo-Aarnio; Sanna Airaksinen; Maryam Borghei; Ville Viitanen; Jani Sainio; Esko I. Kauppinen; Tanja Kallio; A. Outi I. Krause

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure damages Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

; Chemistry ; Materials Science ; Physics 15 Here are some figures I found on the internet after the presentations from Thursday, April 15 Summary: these chemicals away from...

472

The Basics of Alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment in the Emergency Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

internet web pages hosted by the American College of Emergency Physicians (http://www.acep.org/webportal/ PracticeResources/issues/pubhlth/alcscreen), the Substance Abuse

Vaca, Federico E.; Winn, Diane

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol exposure influences Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

influences Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Influence of Age at Drinking Onset on Long-Term Ethanol Self-Administration With Deprivation and Summary: of the effects of deprivation and...

474

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol withdrawal seizures Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summer School1st ISBS Summer School Summary: condition Species studiednature of model ethanol withdrawal cocaine-induced seizures Epilepsy due to drug... Phenotyping seizures...

475

Behaviour and effects of alcohol-blended petrol in the subsurface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and gasoline blends. Biomass and Bioenergy , 33 , 1175-1181. McDowell...93-104. Staples, C.A. 2001. A review of the environmental fate and aquatic...gasoline in the environment. A literature review and transport modeling . Report...

Philip Morgan; Simon Firth; Beate Hildenbrand

476

Behaviour and effects of alcohol-blended petrol in the subsurface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Science of the Total Environment , 339 , 117-126...blends. Biomass and Bioenergy , 33 , 1175-1181...C.A. 2001. A review of the environmental...ethanol-blended gasoline in the environment. A literature review and transport modeling...

Philip Morgan; Simon Firth; Beate Hildenbrand

477

Gene Coexpression Analysis Reveals Complex Metabolism of the Monoterpene Alcohol Linalool in Arabidopsis Flowers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mutants of CYP76C3. From a phylogenetic point of view, TPS10 and TPS14 are not closely...and ()-7-hydroxyterpineol. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Chem. Sci. 108 : 21-26...6-diol over solid support using microwave. Indian J. Chem., Sect. B: Org. Chem. Incl...

Jean-François Ginglinger; Benoit Boachon; René Höfer; Christian Paetz; Tobias G. Köllner; Laurence Miesch; Raphael Lugan; Raymonde Baltenweck; Jérôme Mutterer; Pascaline Ullmann; Franziska Beran; Patricia Claudel; Francel Verstappen; Marc J.C. Fischer; Francis Karst; Harro Bouwmeester; Michel Miesch; Bernd Schneider; Jonathan Gershenzon; Jürgen Ehlting; Danièle Werck-Reichhart

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

478

Palladium Catalyzed Aerobic Dehydrogenation: From Alcohols to Indoles and Asymmetric Catalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dehydrogenation chemistry as a broad platform for asymmetric oxidation has sur- faced. This highlight review Proffessor of Chemistry, The Arnold and Mabel Beckman Laboratories of Chemical Synthesis, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, U.S.A. E

Stoltz, Brian M.

479

Brief intervention to reduce alcohol use among men who have sex with men  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Belief Model and attempted to increase perceived susceptibility to, and severity of, harmful consequences of drinking behavior or fossil fuel

Croff, Julie May Ketchie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Chloromethane, Methyl Donor in Veratryl Alcohol Biosynthesis in Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Other Lignin-Degrading Fungi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...standard on a GE Omega 500-MHz NMR spectrometer, with 16...1 ppb (vol/vol) in the atmosphere (27). ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We...Analysis of human serum and plasma using the LKB 4400 amino acid...distribution of methyl chloride in the atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 85...

David B. Harper; John A. Buswell; James T. Kennedy; John T. G. Hamilton

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "denatured aliphatic alcohol" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Reactions of Methyl Perfluoroalkyl Ethers with Isopropyl Alcohol: Experimental and Theoretical Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

B&W Pantex, LLC, Amarillo, Texas 79120, United States ... Chemicals and Materials ... Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (2007), 9 (29), 3864-3871 CODEN: PPCPFQ; ISSN:1463-9076. ...

Howard C. Knachel; Vladimir Benin; Chadwick D. Barklay; Janine C. Birkbeck; Billy D. Faubion; William E. Moddeman

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Political Economy of Risk Communication Policies for Food and Alcoholic Beverages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 1980s have witnessed the emergence of hazard warning policies as a major component in efforts to promote product safety and job safety. Government agencies have launched sweeping efforts to label all carci...

W. Kip Viscusi

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Tantalum-containing catalyst useful for producing alcohols from synthesis gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalyst useful for selectively converting a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen to a mixture of lower alkanols consisting essentially of a mixture of molybdenum sulfide, an alkali metal compound and a tantalum compound.

Kinkade, Nancy E. (Charleston, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Tantalum-containing catalyst useful for producing alcohols from synthesis gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalyst useful for selectively converting a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen to a mixture of lower alkanols consisting essentially of a mixture of molybdenum sulfide, an alkali metal compound and a tantalum compound.

Kinkade, Nancy E. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Tantalum-containing catalyst useful for producing alcohols from synthesis gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalyst is described which is useful for selectively converting a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen to a mixture of lower alkanols. The catalyst consists essentially of a mixture of molybdenum sulfide, an alkali metal compound and a tantalum compound.

Kinkade, N.E.

1992-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcoholic beverages Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beverages Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 University of Nebraska at Omaha Administrative Procedures for Consumption Summary: University of Nebraska at Omaha Administrative Procedures...

487

Vacuum-Ultraviolet Photoionization and Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapyl Alcohols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Biosynthesis of Lignin; Springer?Verlag: Berlin, 1968. (Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapylfragmentation Introduction Lignin is the second most

Takahashi, Lynelle K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol nanocomposite preparation Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics ; Materials Science 3 Studies of the blue to red phase transition in polydiacetylene nanocomposites and blends Anitha Patlolla1 Summary: for FTIR...

489

The Sober Revolution: The Political and Moral Economy of Alcohol in Modern France, 1954-1976  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organisations vitivinicoles de 1884 aux AOC. Dijon: Éditionsd’origine contrôlée (AOC) labeling system and discouragedrevolution. v Abbreviations AOC APV CAP CCDBN CDDCA CGA CGB

Bohling, Joseph Estle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol tank installed Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Summary: inspection. Risers should be installed on all new tanks and can even be retrofitted for existing tanks. All... that the septic tank needs...

491

Poly(vinyl alcohol)-based buffering membranes for isoelectric trapping separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isoelectric trapping (IET) in multicompartment electrolyzers (MCE) has been widely used for the electrophoretic separation of ampholytic compounds such as proteins. In IET, the separation occurs in the buffering membranes that form a step-wise p...

Craver, Helen C.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol metabolite depends Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Omaha Collection: Biology and Medicine 35 Global strategies to integrate the proteome and metabolome Alan Saghatelian and Benjamin F...

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol consumption crime Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a data analyst position to track ... Source: Wisconsin at Madison, University of - Solar Energy Laboratory Collection: Renewable Energy 14 The Ohio State University Department of...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-related antigay aggression Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and uphold the rights of LGBTQ... and to signal that the university will work with municipal authorities to eradicate anti-gay violence, hate Source: Scott, Robert A. -...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol acyltransferase awat Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genomics Division Collection: Biology and Medicine 30 >90 75-90 50-75 <50 BLASTX IPR Annotation COG Description COG class Summary: or acyltransferases (alphabeta hydrolase...

496

HD Applications of Significantly Downsized SI Engines Using Alcohol DI for Knock Avoidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Direct injection of a second fuel (ethanol or methanol) is explored as a means of avoiding knock in turbocharged, high-compression ratio spark-ignited engines that could replace diesels in certain vocational applications.

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol amnestic disorder Sample Search...  

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as episodes ... Source: Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Control and Psychopathology Laboratory Collection: Biology and Medicine 2...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol-induced psychotic disorder Sample...  

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major ... Source: Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Control and Psychopathology Laboratory Collection: Biology and Medicine 2 Grading...

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking cigarette Sample Search...  

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Length of IllnessDuration: Current Treatment: Cigarette Use: J Current J Former J... Ankle Brace J Appointment in Sports Medicine J J Ankle ... Source: Kane, Andrew S. - Aquatic...

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol embolization adjuvant Sample Search...  

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embolized conduits while xylem pressures were substantially negative. Intact Source: Stiller, Volker - Department of Biological Sciences, Southeastern Louisiana University...