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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Cutting costs through substation ownership  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The term applied to service through a customer-owned main substation is primary service, and such customers are billed at primary metering rates. These terms denote that the customer accepts service (and billing metering is located) on the primary, rather than secondary, side of the main transformer. Some electric utilities are prepared to offer extremely attractive billing reductions to those customers willing to invest in their own main substations instead of renting a substation purchased with utility company capital. Depending on the utility and the particular circumstances, some plants can recover their investment in primary substation equipment in as little as 1 or 2 years.

Keithly, D. (ABB Electric, Waukesba, WI (US))

1989-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

2

Substation grounding.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Designing a proper substation grounding system is quite complicating. Many parameters affect its design. In order for a grounding design to be safe, it needs… (more)

Baleva, Inna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Substation Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS book is intended to help the workman to understand the principles of substation operation. It is a good attempt at giving somewhat advanced technical knowledge in such ... ." We are told not to use water to put out a fire at a substation before the station has been made completely " dead." The reason given for this ...

1925-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Study of Substation Automation Remote Communication for Multi-granularity Access Control System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper based on the demands of access control of substation automation system, analyzed two operation objects of ... can fulfill the needs of access control in substation automation.

Lichun Shi; Haimei Xiao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt...

6

Planning substation capacity under the single-contingency scenario  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida Power and Light (FPL) adopts the single contingency emergency policy for its planning of substation capacity. This paper provides an approach to determine the maximum load which a substation can take on under such a policy. The approach consists of two LP models which determine: (1) the maximum substation load capacity, and (2) the reallocation of load when a substation`s demand cannot be met. Both models are formulated under the single-contingency scenario, an issue which had received little attention in the literature. Not only does the explicit treatment of the scenario provide an exact measure of a substation`s load limit, it also raises several important issues which previous works omit. These two models have been applied to the substation network of the Fort Myers District of the State of Florida.

Leung, L.C. [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics] [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics; Khator, S.K. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering] [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering; Schnepp, J.C. [Crest Ultrasonics, Trenton, NJ (United States)] [Crest Ultrasonics, Trenton, NJ (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Substation voltage upgrading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substation voltage uprating, i.e., conversion of a substation from a lower rated voltage to a higher rated voltage without a complete substation rebuild, can lead to excellent economic benefits. Utilization of the old substation layout and/or the existing equipment, to some extent, is the practical objective of such an uprating. The objective of this project was to assess the opportunities for substation uprating in the industry, to establish feasibility for such uprating and to study methods for accomplishing it. The final aim of the project was to provide guidance to utilities interested in uprating. 56 refs., 41 figs., 18 tabs.

Panek, J.; Elahi, H.; Sublich, M. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (USA). Systems Development and Engineering Dept.)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The Application of Planning to Power Substation Voltage Control Keith Bell, Andrew Coles, Maria Fox, Derek Long and Amanda Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Application of Planning to Power Substation Voltage Control Keith Bell, Andrew Coles, Maria Fox substations is a complex control task involving the coordination of interactions between cus- tomer demand and substation components. In this paper we look at the efficient management of substations in a pre-fault state

Coles, Andrew

9

Substation fire protection features  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes Commonwealth Edison`s (ComEd) approach to substation fire protection. Substation fires can have a major operational, financial, as well as political impact on a utility. The overall Company philosophy encompasses both active and passive fire protection features to provide prompt detection, notification, and confinement of fire and its by-products. Conservatively designed smoke detection systems and floor and wall penetration seals form the backbone of this strategy. The Company has implemented a program to install these features in new and existing substations. Thus far these measures have been successful in mitigating the consequences of substation fires.

Hausheer, T.G. [Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago, IL (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Substation PSA Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 6 describes how to create the substation model, the core of the PSA application... Chap. 4 . First, the modelling principles and then the details of the mode...

Liisa Haarla; Mikko Koskinen; Ritva Hirvonen…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Substation grounding optimization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Substation grounding is a critical part of the overall electric power system. It is designed to not only provide a path to dissipate electric currents… (more)

Balev, Vadim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Substation Expansion Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consider an 11-load node case as depicted in Fig. 7.1..., fed in 33 kV and to be supplied through high-voltage (HV) substation(s) (say 230 kV:33 kV)... Fig. 7.1 ...

Hossein Seifi; Mohammad Sadegh Sepasian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Ventilation of Electrical Substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE type of construction used for substations is generally governed by requirements, for example, fire and air-raid precautions, which ... Electrical Engineers, F. Favell and E. W. Connon record their experiences in overcoming substation ventilation problems in particular cases. Adequate and suitably planned ventilation will maintain ...

1943-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Substation voltage upgrading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses specific issues to support sound yet not unduly conservative uprating practices for substations. The main parts of the report cover the insulation withstand and overvoltage protection aspects, environmental measurements, reliability criteria, and industry experience. First the insulation design concerns are addressed. Substation stress by a backflashover of the line insulation due to lightning in the vicinity of the substation is recognized as a critical stress. A representative part of a 550 kV BIL substation was erected at the EPRI High Voltage Transmission Research Center, where also a special test circuit was assembled to produce a fast front, slow tail (0.2/200 {mu}s) wave. The substation as well as some special configurations were tested for line-to-ground and line-to-line withstand. Computer studies were performed to complement the test results. A number of important conclusions was reached. The most prominent result in that the high frequency oscillations, as caused by reflections within the substation, do not effect the Critical Flashover Voltage (CFO). The present practice, based on the highest peak is therefore very conservative. The slow tail of the wave appears to dictate the CFO. An arrester model for computer studies to represent very fast as well as slow phenomena was derived. It is based on full scale arrester test data, made available in this project. The computer program to calculate arrester model parameters is also a part of the report. The electric environmental measurements are reported for the tested substation at the HVTRC and for the uprated substation of Public Service Company of Colorado, both before and after the uprating. The performance is satisfactory when corona free hardware is used. Insulation design criteria are analyzed based on substation reliability, the system viewpoint and consequences of the failure. Utility experience with uprated substations is reviewed.

Panek, J.; Elahi, H.; Lux, A.; Imece, A.F. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.); LaPanse, R.A.; Stewart, J.R. (Public Service Co. of Colorado, Denver, CO (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead to loss of load. By knowing how to calculate the reliability of different substation configurations

McCalley, James D.

16

Sundial Substation Site Baxter Road Substation Site Casey Road  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sundial Substation Site Baxter Road Substation Site Casey Road Substation Site Monahan Creek Substation Site YALE DAM MERWIN DAM S i l v e r L a k e Lake Merwin Y a l e L a k e V a...

17

Alleviations of Substation Congestions by Distributed Generations â An Optimal Location and Reliability Analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With increased load demands from the customers, substation congestion problems have become inevitable to the utility companies. Instead of expanding related system installations to alleviate… (more)

Melvin, Galicia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Data:4b17572a-8a17-4c10-83b5-bc4c42134dff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shall be given a credit of 0.25 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation...

19

Inter substation data communications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper briefly describes the scada system operated by ComEd for substation communications. This system has proven a reliable means for monitor and control of the generation, transmission, and distribution system. An attempt to automate stand-alone substation functions into the RTU has had limited success. An automated substation capacitor control algorithm was incorporated into a PC. The PC directly interfaced with the RTU through the serial port for analog monitoring and control of the capacitor banks. There were no further enhancements or development of other control algorithms with the PC. The paper discusses the power system data evolution, the proposed design improvements, and implementation concerns.

Lukas, M.R. [ComEd, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 5, is an applications guide of the three computer programs. SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS, for the purpose of designing a safe substation grounding system. The applications guide utilizes four example substation grounding systems for the purpose of illustrating the application of the programs, SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS. The examples are based on data provided by four contributing utilities, namely, Houston Lighting and Power Company, Southern Company Services, Puget Sound Power and Light Company, and Arizona Public Service Company. For the purpose of illustrating specific capabilities of the computer programs, the data have been modified. As a result, the final designs of the four systems do not necessarily represent actual grounding system designs by these utilities. The example system 1 is a 138 kV/35 kV distribution substation. The example system 2 is a medium size 230 kV/115 kV transmission substation. The third example system is a generation substation while the last is a large 525 kV/345 kV/230 kV transmission substation. The four examples cover most of the practical problems that a user may encounter in the design of substation grounding systems.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Chapter 3 - Substation Layouts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Substations are the points in the power network, where transmission lines and distribution feeders are connected together through circuit breakers or switches via busbars and transformers. This allows for the control of power flows in the network and general switching operations for maintenance purposes. This chapter describes the principal substation layouts, the effects of advancements in substation equipment, the modular design, the compact substations, and the moves toward design and construction “turnkey” contract work. The descriptions concentrate on air insulated switchgear (AIS) outdoor open terminal designs at rated voltages of 72 kV and higher. In an ideal situation all circuits and substation equipment would be duplicated such that following a fault or during maintenance a connection remains available. This would involve very high cost. Methods have therefore been adopted to achieve a compromise between complete security of supply and capital investment. A measure of circuit duplication is adopted while recognizing that duplication may itself reduce the security of supply by, for example, providing additional leakage paths to earth.

C.R. Bayliss; B.J. Hardy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Substation automation problems and possibilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evolutionary growth in the use and application of microprocessors in substations has brought the industry to the point of considering integrated substation protection, control, and monitoring systems. An integrated system holds the promise of greatly reducing the design, documentation, and implementation cost for the substation control, protection, and monitoring systems. This article examines the technical development path and the present implementation problems.

Smith, H.L.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Substation asset management study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will present an overview of our recent findings in the area of substation asset management and will describe how several utilities, in response to the issues listed above, are re-examining their present maintenance practices in search of more cost-effective programs.

Conroy, M.W.; Conidi, J. [Sargent & Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 2, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SMECC (Substation Maximum Earth Current Computation Program). This program analyzes the electric current distribution among grounded structures inside and outside a substation for different fault conditions. The fault conditions are automatically selected by the program, or they may be specified by the user, or both. The fault condition resulting in maximum substation earth current is identified and reported. Data requirements for this program are: ground impedance, transformer data, transmission line data, transmission line grounding impedances, etc. The program provides four types of standard outputs: (1) a report of voltages and current flow in the unfaulted system, (2) a brief report of the maximum ground potential rise (worst fault condition), (3) a summary report of all fault conditions which have been analyzed by the program, and (4) a detailed report of voltages and current flow for a selected set of fault conditions.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 3, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SGSYS (Substation Grounding SYStem Analysis Program). This program analyzes the substation ground field given the total electric current injected into the ground field and the design of the grounding system. Standard outputs of the program are (1) total ground resistance, (2) step voltage, (3) touch voltage, (4) voltages on a grid of points, (5) voltage profile along straight lines, (6) transfer voltages, (7) ground potential rise, (8) body currents, (9) step voltage profile along straight lines, and (10) touch voltage profile along straight lines. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. In the interactive mode, the user defines the grounding system geometry, soil parameters, and output requests interactively, with the use of a user friendly conversational program. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. An appendix provides forms which facilitate data collection procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SGSYS and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

500-kV Central Ferry Substation ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Central Ferry Substation in Garfield County, Wash., to BPA's 500-kV Lower Monumental Substation in Walla Walla County, Wash. BPA is currently considering two routing...

27

Line Rebuild, Relocation and Substation Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Upgrade Palisades-Goshen Rebuild Wind Projects Line Rebuild, Relocation and Substation Projects BPA has identified several critical rebuild and substation projects...

28

CYBER SECURITY OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEMS .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Cyber intrusions into substations of a power grid are a source of vulnerability since most substations are unmanned and with limited protection of the cyber… (more)

[No author

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Substation automation gains momentum with modern options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses issues associated with utility substation automation. Monitoring equipment for monitoring power flow, quality, and harmonics for three substations simultaneously is described.

Beaty, W.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The five volume report comprises the user manual, installation, and validation manual and an applications guide for the SGA (Substation Grounding Analysis) software package. SGA consists of four computer programs: (1) SOMIP, (2) SMECC, (3) SGSYS, and (4) TGRND. The first three programs provide a comprehensive analysis tool for the design of substation grounding systems to meet safety standards. The fourth program, TGRND, provides a state of the art analysis tool for computing transient ground potential rise and ground system impedance. This part of the report, Volume 1, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SOMIP (SOil Measurement Interpretation Program). This program computes the best estimate of the parameters of a two layer soil model from usual soil resistivity measurements. Four pin or three pin soil measurements can be accommodated. In addition, it provides error bounds on the soil parameters for a given confidence level. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SOMIP and provides two test cases for validation purposes. 4 refs.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Substation alarm multiplexing system (SAMS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an on going R&D project to develop, design, install, and assess the field performance of an advanced substation alarm system. SAMS provides a highly fault-tolerant system for the reporting of equipment alarms. SAMS separates and identifies each of the multiple alarm contacts, transmits an alarm condition over existing substation two-wire system, and displays the alarm source, and its associated technical information, on a touch-screen monitor inside the substation control room, and a remote central location and on a hand held terminal which may be carried anywhere within the substation. SAMS is currently installed at the Sherman Creek substation in the Bronx for the purpose of a three month field evaluation.

ElBadaly, H.; Gaughan, J.; Ward, G.; Amengual, S.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Recent developments in subtransmission substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Equipment is described which offers the utility engineer flexibility in the layout and location of substations. It is possible with these designs to place HV connected substations directly into load centers and reduce the losses with connections at a lower voltage level. An added advantage of these designs are reduced expenses for engineering, site preparation, foundations, installation and interest payments due to the shorter time between equipment delivery and possible energization of a substation. Reduced maintenance, longer maintenance intervals, small gas leakage, are built-in advantages of this equipment.

Watson, P.W.; Leibold, A.A.; Koglin, B.B.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Electric power substation capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of substation equipment is a key benefit associated with several technologies that are being developed with the support of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies. This could occur, for example, as a result of installing a distributed generating resource within an electricity distribution system. The objective of this study was to develop a model for preparing preliminary estimates of substation capital costs based on rudimentary conceptual design information. The model is intended to be used by energy systems analysts who need ``ballpark`` substation cost estimates to help establish the value of advanced utility technologies that result in the deferral or displacement of substation equipment. This cost-estimating model requires only minimal inputs. More detailed cost-estimating approaches are recommended when more detailed design information is available. The model was developed by collecting and evaluating approximately 20 sets of substation design and cost data from about 10 US sources, including federal power marketing agencies and private and public electric utilities. The model is principally based on data provided by one of these sources. Estimates prepared with the model were compared with estimated and actual costs for the data sets received from the other utilities. In general, good agreement (for conceptual level estimating) was found between estimates prepared with the cost-estimating model and those prepared by the individual utilities. Thus, the model was judged to be adequate for making preliminary estimates of typical substation costs for US utilities.

Dagle, J.E.; Brown, D.R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Scoping study: Substation design workstation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project conducted a survey, consisting of a written questionaire, a workshop, and site visits to determine what facets of substation engineering would benefit from incorporation into a workstation environment. Based on the needs expressed by the respondents, a program for the staged development of a Substation Workstation is recommended. Six analytical function modules for assisting in substation engineering were identified for potential inclusion in the workstation: Initial Planning Activities; Physical Plant Design; Analytical Functions; Civil/Structural Design; Environmental Design; and Project Management. The initial release of the Substation Workstation is recommended to include the workstation environment (including MENTOR -- a concept for on-line help, tutorials, notepad, a minor spreadsheet, and interfaces to other regular desktop functions) and portions of the first three functional modules listed above. Recommendations for progress beyond this first release of the workstation included the development of additional capabilities within the initial functional modules, as well as the development of the remaining modules. An overlap exists between the analytical requirements for this workstation and those already included in the EPRI TLWorkstation and the ICWorkstation. In some cases, elements of these other workstations are also suggested for incorporation into the Substation Workstation (such as the foundation analyses from the TLWorkstation), and in others, an assimilation of the other workstation into the Substation Workstation is recommended (as with the ICWorkstation). Estimated resources for implementing the recommended program, including both costs and development time, are also provided.

Mauser, S.F. (Power Technologies, Inc., Wilmerding, PA (United States)); Conroy, M.W. (Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)); Singh, N.M. (Power Computing, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. It can be used to compute transient ground potential rise due to lightning or switching, and the ground impedance (i.e. resistance and reactance) at specified frequencies. This report, Volume 4, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program TGRND (Transient GRouNDing System Analysis Program). This program computes transient ground potential rise resulting from lightning, switching, or other transient electric currents injected to a grounding system. The program also computes the impedance (i.e. resistance and reactance) of a grounding system as a function of frequency. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program TGRND and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Ashland Area Support Substation Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power Light Company's (PP L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP L's Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW's) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Microcomputer Applications in Power System Substation Automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The object of this chapter is to describe power system applications of microcomputers, particularly in the area of power substation automation.The major functions required in substation automation are reviewed an...

C. T. Nguyen; R. Grondin; A. St-Jacques…

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Proceedings: Tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Proceedings: Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference IX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The ninth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Proceedings: Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference VIII  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The eighth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

East Grangeville Substation : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BPA proposes to build a 6/8 MVA, 115/13.8-kV substation about 0.7 mile (1.2 km) east of Grangeville, Idaho. BPA's substation yard would comprise an area of 70 by 72 feet (21 by 22 m) containing a 115/13.8-kV transformer. Energization for the substation is scheduled for September 1983. In connected actions the Co-op would build a 13.8-kV switching station and a 13.8/34.5-kV step-up station. The Co-op would require an area of 100 by 55 feet (31 by 17 m) in addition to the BPA yard. The total area needed for the combined BPA/Co-op substation would be approximately 170 by 127 feet (52 by 40 m) or one-half of an acre (0.20 ha). The Co-op would also build two 13.8-kV feeders and one 34.5-kV feeder underground south of the substation to overhead distribution lines along State Highway 13 with space for one future feeder. Another 13.8-kV feeder would exit the substation underground and loop around to the north to reconnect to the existing 13.8-kV overhead line. TWWP would build a tapline from their Grangeville-Kamiah-Nez Perce (Grangeville-Nez Perce No. 2) 115-kV transmission line to the substation. This line would be approximately 0.75 mile (1.2 km) long and would consist of single wood pole structures built on the route of an existing Co-op distribution line. The new and existing lines would use the same poles. A temporary access road would be built for 0.25 mile (0.4 km). The remaining 0.5 mile (0.8 km) section would be adjacent to a county road and would not require an access road. Two sites were identified as meeting the technical requirements. Site 2 is recommended.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

MOV surge arresters: improved substation equipment protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of metal-oxide-varistor (MOV) surge arresters has added a new dimension to substation equipment protection. Through the optimal use of these arresters, it is possible to lower surge arrester ratings and thereby improve protective margins, resulting in a possible reduction of the insulation levels (BIL) of substation equipment. This reduction in BIL can lead to a significant reduction in the cost of substation equipment. General methods are delineated for selecting MOV surge arresters for substation protection and the resulting effect on substation equipment insulation levels.

Niebuhr, W.D.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

price volatility or substation overloads Ancillary services041, such as preventing substation overloads and secondaryimport and distribution substation infrastructure prorated

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Transient electromagnetic interference in substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference levels on sensitive electronic equipment are quantified experimentally and theoretically in air and gas insulated substations of different voltages. Measurement techniques for recording interference voltages and currents and electric and magnetic fields are reviewed and actual interference data are summarized. Conducted and radiated interference coupling mechanisms and levels in substation control wiring are described using both measurement results and electromagnetic models validated against measurements. The nominal maximum field and control wire interference levels expected in the switchyard and inside the control house from switching operations, faults, and an average lightning strike are estimated using high frequency transient coupling models. Comparisons with standards are made and recommendations given concerning equipment shielding and surge protection.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Nickel, F.S.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Design of AC substation grounding system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose for this paper is to understand the basic foundation used to safely design a substation grounding system for AC systems. The following criteria… (more)

Meas, Ra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Substation evaluation using Diagnostic Logic System (DIALOG)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project investigated the feasibility of applying a Diagnostic Logic System (DIAGLOG) to evaluate substation operation. The purpose was to see if a determination can be made as to whether the equipment in a substation operated correctly or not when an operating event occurred. The work was directed toward modifying an already proven diagnostic system to create a simplified procedure for describing the operation of substation equipment. Special operating tables or modules of logic were identified for describing relay and breaker operations. The resulting model composed of all the modules connected together is used to evaluate the actual observations available at the substation, and to compare them with what the substation should have produced. The report covers the diagnostic approach used, information on how to construct the modules and examples of diagnosis. Also covered are discussions on the special features of substations that offer a challenge to performing diagnostics. Included in the report are the results of modeling a typical substation and several notes are provided along with an initial library of typical modules which were developed in modeling one of the substations belonging to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. This substation served as a feasibility demonstrator. 15 figs.

Andre, W.L.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation with model-based relation guiding algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway traction substation are expert systems based on experience, which cannot diagnose faults beyond experience and are very difficult for transplantation and maintenance. In this paper, the model-based diagnosis (MBD) with integration reasoning is firstly used for fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation. Aiming at the structural characteristics and actual demands of traction substation, we propose a detailed application plan. Rules for element and system models are established. In addition, we propose a relation guiding algorithm (RGA) for searching candidates of minimal conflict set, in which the hidden messages of analytical redundancy relations can be made full use of and the searching space is reduced further. Taking the autotransformer (AT) traction substation in Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Link of China Railway as an example, we construct models for different device objects, and give the descriptions of system model in traction substation. Based on a sequence of fault observations, the fault diagnosis is tested with the proposed plan. The diagnosis result shows that the application plan with MBD and integration reasoning is feasible and effective for traction substation.

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Simulation Analysis of Fire Feature on Underground Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Underground transformer substations constructed with non-dwelling buildings have a ... out simulation analysis of fire feature on underground substation. The corresponding fire protection strategy is also...

Xin Han; Xie He; Beihua Cong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Reliability Evaluation of Substations Subject to Protection Failures:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Reliability evaluation of power system substations is of significant importance when performing asset management. Most of the studies about substation reliability only focus on the… (more)

Wang, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Substation bus arrangement performance analysis program and metrics.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??During preliminary substation design, only minimal information is available to the designer. Substation bus arrangements have been defined in textbooks for their advantages and disadvantages.… (more)

Oneal, Trevor Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Distance and overcurrent protection of feeders at distribution substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The ???Distance and Overcurrent Protection of Feeders at Distribution Substation??? report will discuss protection of distribution feeders at a substation. The paper will discuss the… (more)

Chedid, Youssef Pierre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Substation Topology Analysis Based on Improved Tracking Algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The substation network topology analysis is an important part ... simulation results validate that the proposed algorithm for substation network topology analysis is easy to be...

Shi Jianlei; Zhang Xuan; Zhao Qiang…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Advanced communication system in substation for integrated protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an advanced substation integrated protection communication system based on the ... . The integrated protection communication system within a substation comprises a number of major components s...

Jinghan He ???; Yingli Ren ???; Zhiqian Bo ???…

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, Colorado EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project,...

55

HV Substation Earthing Design for Mines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract:-High Voltage (HV) substation forms important assets for the mining industries. The existences of these substations necessitate earthing design to ensure safety compliance to the mine regulations. The HV system within the mines is consisted of multiple substations which are connected throughout and underground cable. These substations provide the load with the required electrical power to perform its tasks. This paper endeavours to provide information in regards to the different types of connections between the load and the substations (TT, TN and IT Systems). Furthermore, the earthing arrangements under different connection were assessed. A case study is addressed to show the different earthing arrangements under different connection systems Keywords:- Earth Grid, EPR, Fault Current, High Voltage, Mines, TN and TT systems I.

unknown authors

56

Substation automation -- a ``bottoms up`` approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proliferation of multi-purpose intelligent electronic devices in substations brought the availability of abundant and often overlapping data at the substation. This data can be used for improving the operation and maintenance of the substations and the entire power system. The objective of substation automation is to use technology to gather, consolidate and utilize this data for increasing the efficiency of power system operation and maintenance. Often automation functions are developed and offered around the capabilities of the preferred hardware and software of the integrator. Emphasis is placed on hardware, software and communication protocols rather than need, methodology and application. This can result in over-automation with complex, expensive and ineffective systems, or under-automation that fails to achieve the user`s objectives. The objective is to select appropriate hardware, software and methodology to build the most cost effective system to get the desired results. This paper describes steps to ensure the successful implementation of substation automation.

Thomas, J. [General Electric, Malvern, PA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

High voltage electric substation performance in earthquakes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the performance of several types of high voltage substation equipment in past earthquakes. Damage data is provided in chart form. This data is then developed into a tool for estimating the performance of a substation subjected to an earthquake. First, suggests are made about the development of equipment class fragility curves that represent the expected earthquake performance of different voltages and types of equipment. Second, suggestions are made about how damage to individual pieces of equipment at a substation likely affects the post-earthquake performance of the substation as a whole. Finally, estimates are provided as to how quickly a substation, at various levels of damage, can be restored to operational service after the earthquake.

Eidinger, J. [G and E Engineering Systems, Oakland, CA (United States); Ostrom, D. [Southern California Edison, Rosemead, CA (United States); Matsuda, E. [Pacific Gas and Electric, San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

2012 SG Peer Review - Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in New York - Andre Wellington, ConEd NY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interoperability of Demand Response Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in NY Andre Wellington Con Edison June 8, 2012 December 2008 Interoperability of Demand Resource Resources in NY Objective Life-cycle Funding ($M) FY08 - FY13 $6.8 million Technical Scope (Insert graphic here) Develop and demonstrate technology required to integrate customer owned resources into the electrical distribution system * Evaluate interconnection designs * Design and install thermal storage plant with enhanced capabilities * Develop AutoDR application for targeted distributed resources 2 December 2008 Needs and Project Targets Develop the technology required to integrate customer owned distributed resources into the distribution system to enable the of deferment capital investments. * Remote dispatch of customer resources

60

Earth resistivity measurement near substation ground grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper substation grounding grid design requires good, accurate soil resistivity measurements. This data is essential to model the substation ground grid to design a safe ground grid with a satisfactory ground grid resistance at minimum cost. For substations with several decades of service, there is some concern that a grid may have deteriorated, been damaged during equipment installation or excavation, or that initial soil resistivity measurements were lost or may not have been correctly performed. Ground grid conductors change the substation surface voltage distribution. Any voltage measurements taken at the complete substation will also vary from the tests made without conductors present. During testing, current was injected in the soil by probes placed near the ground grid. The current tends to follow the ground grid conductors since copper is a far better conductor than the soil it is placed in. Resistance readings near grids will be lower than readings in undisturbed soil. Since computer models were unavailable for many years, analyzing the effect of the grid conductors on soil resistivity measurements was very difficult. As a result, soil resistivity measurements made close to substations were of little use to the engineer unless some means of correcting the measured values could be developed. This paper will present results of soil resistivity measurements near a substation ground grid before and after a ground grid has been installed and describes a means of calculating the undisturbed soil model.

Lodwig, S.G.; Mateja, S.A. [ComEd, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to $3.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)] [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to 53.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Experimental adoption of RCM in EDF substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

EDF, after testing Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) on systems used in nuclear power plants, has now successfully extended RCM to all of its nuclear power plants. In the light of this experience, EDF has committed itself to a pilot study on a line bay of a 400 kV substation in 1992. The RCM method as applied benefited from EDF`s policy of maintenance, introduced five years ago on all substations, which has enhanced prospects of reliability. The original feature in the selection of maintenance tasks was that it brought into play two criteria for failure assessment - frequency and seriousness - and two criteria for maintenance task selection - efficiency and facility. The final outcome of RCM as applied to substation maintenance is to categorize maintenance tasks into: (1) essential maintenance tasks, (2) optional tasks, depending on the type and location of the substation, as well as on factors relating to local management of maintenance policy, and (3) unnecessary tasks.

Heroin, G.; Aupied, J. [Electricite de France, Clarmart (France); Sanchis, G. [Direction EDF Production Transport, Courbevoie (France)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Network Security for Substation Automation Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The protection of critical infrastructure against electronic and communication network based attacks becomes more and more important. This work investigates the threat of network-based attacks on substations, the...

Martin Naedele; Dacfey Dzung…

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Characterization of electromagnetic transients in power substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER CiOERS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER GOERS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Dr. B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee...

Goers, William Chester

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

Ashland Area Support Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power & Light Company`s (PP&L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP&L`s Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP&L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW`s) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP&L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Data collecting and processing for substation integration enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The issue of substation integration is recognized as a very important one ever since the process of technological development brought a multitude of new computer-based devices and functions into substation operation. During the relatively short time...

Jakovljevic, Sasa

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

68

Design, Simulation, and Analysis of Substation Automation Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). Substations are nodes in the smart grid infrastructure that help the in transportation of power by connecting the transmission and distribution lines. The SAS applications are con figured to operate with minimal human...

Kembanur Natarajan, Elangovan

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Study Based on IEC61850 Substation Information System Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The series of international standards IEC 61850 substation communication networks and systems to provide a ... the power system. This study is the substation automation technology has entered the network developm...

Yu Xian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The effect of Relay Protection on the Substation Reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a model for evaluating the reliability of the substation actions after transmission grid faults. The model ... of different line protection systems by using the substation reliability model is...

Liisa Pottonen; Urho Pulkkinen…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Voltage asymmetry at the buses of a combined substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The voltage asymmetry at the buses of a combined (ac/dc) substation is calculated by phase method, using Mathcad ... , power may be supplied to a combined substation along a common line from a limited-...

A. G. Pakulin; V. A. Zagorskii; V. F. Put’ko

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Security Assessment of Communication Networks for Integrated Substation Automation Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To assess the security of communication networks for integrated substation automation systems, a systematic approach based on ... to communication networks between the control center and substations through the a...

Huisheng Gao; Xuejiao Dai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

The implementation of substation automation coordinated with numerical protection relaying  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During 1987 Eskom embarked on a process of defining user requirements in the area of substation control. This ultimately resulted in a project being established for the procurement and development of a new generation of substation control equipment. At the same time it was decided to establish a new generation of protection schemes for transmission substations, based on numerical protection relays. From the outset, a high degree of coordination was planned between the substation control and protection equipment. Development contracts were placed with suppliers during late 1990 for the protection schemes and during early 1991 for the substation control equipment. These contracts are nearing completion and the first large installations will commence during 1994. The Transmission Group has committed to employing this new technology in all new substations and all substations to be refurbished. This paper discusses the concept of coordinated substation control and protection and gives insight into implementation issues and functional compromises which had to be made to meet project deadlines.

Welie, G. van; Carolin, T.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

HV Substation Overvoltage Computation Taking into Account Frequency Dependent Transients on the Substation Grounding System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-This paper describes methodology for the computation of the electromagnetic transients in the high voltage substations, taking into account transients on the substation grounding system. Simulation technology is based on the system decomposition. Interconnections between different subsystems are done in each time step using Thevenin equivalents. Frequency dependent impedance of grounding conductors is represented by the parallel combination of resistance-inductance branches, to enable simulation in the time domain. Lightning overvoltage computation is performed for one particular 123 kV high voltage substation.

unknown authors

75

Reliability of substation protection system based on IEC61850  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although the new technology of protection and automation system of substation based on IEC61850 standard has developed rapidly...

Xiaofu Xiong ???; Jun Yu ? ?; Xiaofang Liu ???…

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations Ignasi category includes all step- up and step-down transmission substations, as well as a number of distribution substations indeed. Nevertheless, the current trend in electric power Engineering moves in another direction

Colominas, Ignasi

77

The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Substation of the Future Engineering Research Center (PSERC) research project T-38 titled "Substation of the Future: A Feasibility

78

Short proofs of the Quantum Substate Theorem National U. Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short proofs of the Quantum Substate Theorem Rahul Jain National U. Singapore Ashwin Nayak U. Waterloo December 30, 2011 Abstract The Quantum Substate Theorem due to Jain, Radhakrishnan, and Sen (2002 a substate of . We present new proofs of this theorem. The resulting statement is optimal up to a constant

Nayak, Ashwin

79

Techniques for Securing Substation Automation Systems David Guidry1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Techniques for Securing Substation Automation Systems David Guidry1 , Mike Burmester1 , Xiuwen Liu1 propose techniques for resilient substation automation of power utility systems with security based-90-5 compliant substation automation systems that are resilient. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach

Burmester, Mike

80

CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS Qingshan Shan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS Qingshan Shan1 , Shahzad Bhatti1.shan@eee.strath.ac.uk, website: www.strath.ac.uk ABSTRACT Measurements of noise in an electricity substation are re- ported-voltage electricity substations, has discouraged electricity utility companies from deploying wireless technologies

Atkinson, Robert C

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Abstract--Many functions within a substation can be performed more efficiently if all the substation data is collected  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--Many functions within a substation can be performed more efficiently if all the substation data is collected from and shared among Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). Gathered measurements and apparatus statuses can be processed by (local) substation computer(s). Processing includes

82

Substation flood protection: A case study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On July 18, 1996, the City of Naperville, Illinois encountered a substantial storm event ranging from nine to fourteen inches of rainfall across town in less than twelve hours, with the majority falling over a four-hour period. The watershed containing the City`s Westside substation encountered the most significant rainfall totals, resulting in a flood crest in the substation area of approximately thirteen inches of water. The station is a 138 kV substation, and the flooding of this station caused a power loss to approximately 60% of the City`s customers for more than eight hours. The water level posed no threat to yard equipment, however, within the substation control building, flood water shorted out control circuits and damaged transmission line relay systems. Crews worked round-the-clock for most of a week to return all transmission lines and transformers to normal service. The 15 kV switchgear ultimately had to be replaced due to recurring control circuit problems. Once the station was restored and the cleanup efforts underway, the City embarked on an evaluation to determine what condition or conditions allowed the flooding to occur, and what could be done in the future to avoid this problem to ensure that the customers of Naperville would not experience another service outage of this magnitude due to flooding.

Gacek, D.B. [City of Naperville, IL (United States); McGovern, L.L. [Burns and McDonnell, Westmont, IL (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Utility programs for substation diagnostics development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article is a brief overview of the opening remarks of the utility panel. These remarks developed a number of interesting substation diagnostic activities and concepts in which the electric utilities are engaged and outlined the considerations which must accompany development of diagnostic sensors and systems. These area include transformer diagnostics, circuit breaker diagnostics, and testing/cost of diagnostic systems.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Marion Industrial Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI), proposes to construct a new distribution substation under the existing Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Albay-Lebanon transmission line near the city of Albany in Linn County, Oregon. BPA is proposing to grant a new Point of Delivery to CPI at this substation. The purpose of the project is to serve the developing industrial needs in the Marion Industrial Park and on the 550 acres of nearby land within CPI's service area that are zoned for residential use. CPI prepared, and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) has approved a Borrower's Environmental Report (BER) which addresses this action along with several other proposed projects in the CPI service area. Portions of this BER are summarized in this brief EA. BPA is preparing its own EA since Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) guidelines require additional environmental concerns to be addressed than are required by REA's NEPA guidelines.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Marion Industrial Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI), proposes to construct a new distribution substation under the existing Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Albay-Lebanon transmission line near the city of Albany in Linn County, Oregon. BPA is proposing to grant a new Point of Delivery to CPI at this substation. The purpose of the project is to serve the developing industrial needs in the Marion Industrial Park and on the 550 acres of nearby land within CPI`s service area that are zoned for residential use. CPI prepared, and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) has approved a Borrower`s Environmental Report (BER) which addresses this action along with several other proposed projects in the CPI service area. Portions of this BER are summarized in this brief EA. BPA is preparing its own EA since Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) guidelines require additional environmental concerns to be addressed than are required by REA`s NEPA guidelines.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Short proofs of the Quantum Substate Theorem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Quantum Substate Theorem due to Jain, Radhakrishnan, and Sen (2002) gives us a powerful operational interpretation of relative entropy, in fact, of the observational divergence of two quantum states, a quantity that is related to their relative entropy. Informally, the theorem states that if the observational divergence between two quantum states rho, sigma is small, then there is a quantum state rho' close to rho in trace distance, such that rho' when scaled down by a small factor becomes a substate of sigma. We present new proofs of this theorem. The resulting statement is optimal up to a constant factor in its dependence on observational divergence. In addition, the proofs are both conceptually simpler and significantly shorter than the earlier proof.

Rahul Jain; Ashwin Nayak

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

INSITE: An emerging standard for substation monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The functions of the INSITE Substation Apparatus Monitoring System can be broken into two, somewhat arbitrary categories. (1) Data acquisition, storage and communications, (2) Data analysis and apparatus condition assessment. We have defined the first set of functions as comprising the {open_quotes}platform{close_quotes}, the second as an {open_quotes}application{close_quotes}. We have made the distinction to encourage users to contemplate other possible {open_quotes}applications{close_quotes} which may be implemented using the platform. The intent of this paper is to describe in detail the platform functions. The requirements for the platform derive from several overall goals of a substation apparatus monitoring system: (1) Comprehensive: The ability to monitor all important types of substation apparatus, combined with all the tools - the sensors, the Data Acquisition Unit, and the analysis and communications software - for an on-line, real-time condition assessment of your equipment, with critical information at everyone`s fingertips. (2) Dependable: Built-in self-diagnosis that assures optimum system performance. (3) Reliable: From an extremely hot to extremely cold environment, capable of functioning reliably in electrically noisy substations. (4) Expandable: Easily upgradable to accommodate additional sensors available today and any new types developed tomorrow - as well as new software, for monitoring other equipment down the road. (5) Open: The ability to accept non-Doble supplied sensors - with future capability for integrating RS-232-compatible intelligent sensors. (6) Complementary: Compatibility with existing DTA technology, for example, making comparison of both out-of-service and in-service data possible. (7) Easy-to-Use: A Windows application with user-friendly pull-down menus, simple icons and buttons, and dialog sessions that can be mastered easily. On-line Help is also available. (8) Lowest possible cost.

Woodward, R.C. [Doble Engineering Company, Watertown, MA (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Demand Response Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION & CONTROL Load Manager! Distribution Substation!Distribution Substation! GlobalLevel! Distribution Substation! Semi-global Level! Local

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Havre Substation, Stage 03.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Havre Substation, Stage 03. Havre Substation, Stage 03. Description of Proposed Action: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to expand the Havre Substation approximately 150 ft to the north to accommodate a new delivery service from the newly built Herron Substation by Hill County. The expansion also converts the existing 115-kV single bus into a ring bus which will improve reliability. Western is also expanding the yard to the east to accommodate the replacement of the existing control building and control boards. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations .. . or modification of existing substations and support facilities . Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with

90

Modeling and Simulating Blast Effects on Electric Substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A software simulation tool was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory to estimate the fragility of electric substation components subject to an explosive blast. Damage caused by explosively driven fragments on a generic electric substation was estimated by using a ray-tracing technique to track and tabulate fragment impacts and penetrations of substation components. This technique is based on methods used for assessing vulnerability of military aircraft and ground vehicles to explosive blasts. An open-source rendering and ray-trace engine was used for geometric modeling and interactions between fragments and substation components. Semi-empirical material interactions models were used to calculate blast parameters and simulate high-velocity material interactions between explosively driven fragments and substation components. Finally, a Monte Carlo simulation was added to model the random nature of fragment generation allowing a skilled analyst to predict failure probabilities of substation components.

Lyle G. Roybal; Robert F. Jeffers; Kent E. McGillivary; Tony D. Paul; Ryan Jacobson

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 Figure 4: Tiefort Substation: Typical load on PLP testingsystems, and the substation feeder metering associated withThese use cases involved: substation automation, advanced

Joseph, Eto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Report of Experiments at Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BiZZELL. President BULLETIN NO. 254 - NOVEMBER, 19 19 - -- REPORT OF EXPERIMENTS AT SUBSTATION NO. 1 1, NACOGDOCHES, TEXAS - $ B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR... of veterinkj ~edkine. A: & M. College of Texas. **In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. REPORT OF EXPERIMENTS AT SUBSTATION NO. 11, NACOGDOCHES, TEXAS. The substation at Nacogdoches is located two and three-fourths iliiles north...

McNess, George Thomas

1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Report of Experiments at Substation No. 4, Beaumont, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

**W. T. CARTER, JR., B. S.: Chtej T. M. BUSHNELL. B. S.. Sod Suroegur W. B. FRANCIS. B. S.. Soil Sur~euor bondman I?. G. BREWER, B. S., Assisfanf Animal Hus- bandman -- , Soil Sur&yor SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beeville, Bee County I. E. COWART. M. S... : 19 a.7mm ary ................................................. 20 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] REPORT OF EXPERIMENTS, SUBSTATION NO. 4, ' BEAUMONT, TEXAS. Substation No. 4, located six miles west of Beaumont, in one of the largest rice...

Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Knowledge engineering tool for training power-substation operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Artificial intelligence techniques have been applied to create systems that can give answers for different situations and assistance during the substation switching operation. These techniques have also been used for training purposes. This paper presents a computational package for training power substation operators in the control and corrective actions using expert system techniques. Illustrative examples are presented using a 138-kV CEMIG substation.

Lambert-Torres, G. [Escola Federal de Engenharia de Itajuba (Brazil)] [Escola Federal de Engenharia de Itajuba (Brazil); [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Costa, C.I.A.; Alves da Silva, A.P. [Escola Federal de Engeharia de Itajuba (Brazil)] [Escola Federal de Engeharia de Itajuba (Brazil); Ribeiro, G.M. [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (Brazil); Quintana, V.H. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)] [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Application of programmable logic controllers to substation control and protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control and protection of bulk power and regional supply substations. PLC requirements are discussed and the concept of zones of control is explained as applied to standard PP L substation arrangements. The use of a peer-to-peer communication network between logic controllers and other substation equipment is also discussed. Details of an installation completed in spring, 1992, are presented, including experience acquired from power system faults.

Gilbert, J.G.; Diehl, G.R. (Pennsylvania Power Light Co., Allentown, PA (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Environmental Assessment of Proposed Filbert Substation and Tap Project.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposal is a cooperative (jointly funded and owned) action between Bonneville Power Administration (BPS) and FGLandP involving construction of the 115/12.5-kV Filbert Substation. BPA would also build a 0.8-mile overhead 115-kV tapline from BPA's Forest Grove-McMinnville 115-kV line to the proposed substation. The Forest Grove-McMinnville transmission line has available capacity to support the proposed substation. The FGLandP would build four underground distribution circuits to connect the substation to its existing distribution system. It is normally BPA's practice to consider several substation location alternatives as a part of its facility siting process. The proposed substation site was recommended after a preliminary field evaluation by BPA determined that building on the proposed site was preferable because available sites south of the Tualatin Valley Highway and Southern Pacific Railroad were either on presently cultivated farmland, were in a floodplain, or were inaccessible without extensive access road construction. The proposed substation site is owned by FGLandP, is designated for use as a utility substation in the Forest Grove Comprehensive Plan, and was purchased by FGLandP in anticipation of a need for its use as a substation site because of its central location in relation to existing and forecasted loads. The site is accessible from Filbert Street (city road), and is gently sloping. This report describes potential environmental impacts of the proposed actions.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Design and dimensioning of pressure vessel for a marine substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis presents the mechanical design and dimensioning of a pressure vessel, which is to be used as housing for a marine substation in… (more)

Eriksson, Lars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Voltage stabilization system in traction substation of urban electric transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The direct current-voltage stabilization system using a high-frequency link in traction substations of urban electric transport based on applying...

S. V. Shapiro; S. F. Muftiev

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

On divergence, relative entropy and the substate property  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we study relationship between three measures of distinguishability of quantum states called as divergence, relative entropy and the substate property.

Jain, R; Sen, P; Jain, Rahul; Radhakrishnan, Jaikumar; Sen, Pranab

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Wireless technology(ZigBee) for communication in substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Automation plays a important role in the electric substation. The lack of controlling and monitoring the devices may cause accidents. So automation of devices is… (more)

Kandela, Amit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

On divergence, relative entropy and the substate property  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we study relationship between three measures of distinguishability of quantum states called as divergence, relative entropy and the substate property.

Rahul Jain; Jaikumar Radhakrishnan; Pranab Sen

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

102

Studies of Monitoring and Diagnosis Systems for Substation Apparatus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Substation apparatus failure plays a major role in reliability of power delivery systems. Traditionally, most utilities perform regular maintenance in order to prevent equipment breakdown.… (more)

Liang, Yishan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Substation automation systems and IEC 61850: interoperability testing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Dissertação de mest., Engenharia Electrónica e Telecomunicações, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Univ. do Algarve, 2011 The Substation Automation System (SAS) is the backbone of… (more)

Evaristo, Henrique A. Guerreiro Dias

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The Design of Partial Electric and Control System for 500kV Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The good design of the electric section in substation and its stable move may effect the electrical system of substation directly, this paper aim at the design of an electric primary section in substation and its...

Haimei Xiao; Lichun Shi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The high-voltage substation configuration influence on the estimated lightning performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The substation configuration has a great influence on the ... at the lines connected in front of the substations. In most of the analyses the critical substation configuration is assumed with only one connected ....

Z. Stojkovi?; M. S. Savi?

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A New Method for Substation Planning Problem Based on Weighted K-Means  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Substation planning is considered the most important step ... and distribution system. In this paper, the substation planning problem is looked as a clustering ... loads into several clusters. The capacity of substation

Wen Peng; Wenxia Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Novel Approach for Detecting Network Anomalies for Substation Automation based on IEC 61850  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An SA (Substation Automation) system based on IEC 61850 is an intelligent substation; it has been receiving considerable attention as ... critical national infrastructures including the power grid. Substation Aut...

Hyunguk Yoo; Taeshik Shon

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Environmental Assessment : Happy Valley [Substation Project].  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed Happy Valley project consists of construction of a new BPA customer service 69-kV substation south of Sequim in Clallam County, Washington. A tie line, to be constructed by the customer as part of this project, will link the new BPA facility to the existing customer's transmission system in the area. This project responds to rapid load growth in the Olympic Peninsula, and will strengthen the existing BPA system and interconnected utility systems. It will reduce transmission losses presently incurred, especially on the BPA system supplying power to the Olympic Peninsula. This report describes the potential environmental impact of the proposed actions. 2 figs., 1 tab.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Remote Video Monitoring System Design and Development for Underground Substation Construction Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the current situation of underground substation construction in China, we design and development ... image enhancement technology, the construction of underground substation can be clearly and accurately tra...

Siguo Zheng; Yugan You; Fanguang Li; Gang Liu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The choice of substation electric connection circuits: a unified or an individual approach?1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Typical substation electric connection circuits, used at the present ... analyzed. Some versions of the use of substation distributor circuits for controlling electric network modes ... analyzed. Recommendations ...

V. P. Budovskii; V. V. Ushakov

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Assembly and function-test of the main circuit for a marine substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? At the Division for Electricity at Uppsala University a new marine substation for waveenergy is being built. The marine substation is required to connect… (more)

Ferhatovic, Senad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Progress Report, Substation No. 8, Lubbock, Texas, 1909-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 219 SEPTEMBER, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 8, LUBBOCK, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIR.ECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS, AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXA W. B. BIZZELL... STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART, Chairman 'WILL A. MILLER, JR. GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS P. L Downs President Temple ........ .............................................................................Term CHA ~LES RO~AN, Vice >resident,. AU...

Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl)

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Progress Report of Substation No. 12, Chillicothe, Texas, 1905- 1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION L BULLETIN NO. 202 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT OF SUBSTATION NO. 1 2, CHILLICOTHE, TEXAS R. W. EDWARDS, B. S., SUPERINTENDENT POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - AUSTIN, TEXAS... ................................................................................................ Term expires 1921 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART; Chairman J. S. WILLIAMS W. A. 'MILLER, Jr- GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS p L DOWNS President Temple ............................................................................... Term...

Edwards, R.W.

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Progress Report, Substation No. 9, Pecos, Texas, 1910-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION * BULLETIN NO. 221 NOVEMBER, 19 17 -- -- PROGR.ESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 9, PECOS, TEXAS COLLEGE STATION, RRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1917 AGRICULTURAL...% .................................................................................................... F. M. LAW, Houston em expires 1923 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART. Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS p L DOWNS, Temple. President...

Jackson, J.W.

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Experiments at Substation No. 3 Angleton, Texas 1909-1916.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~OLLEGE OF TEXAS LTBM~~~-~~~ AS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION - BULLE~JN NO. 229 MAY, 1918 -- EXPERIMENTS AT SUBSTATION NO. 3 ANGLETON, TEXAS B. Y OUNGBLO OD, DIRECTOR OOUEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. ' "RICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL... SUBSTATIONS P.'L. Downs, President, Temple ............................................................................. Term expires 191< CHARLES ROGAN, Vlce Presldenf, Austin.. ............................................................... Term expires...

Winters, N. E. (Nathaniel Elmer)

1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Progress Report Substation No. 5, Temple, Texas, 1910-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 2 15 - MAY, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 5, TEMPLE, TEXAS . B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, RRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLL ECE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL... ............................................................................................... Term explres 192: MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART, Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS P. L. DOWNS. Temple, President .................................................................................. Term expires 1911...

Killough, D.T. (David Thornton)

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Evaluating Security Algorithms in the Substation Communication Architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Security becomes the major concern in a modernized electricity network. The IEC 61850 standard has been developed for substation automation, providing more enhancing communication functionalities. The standard defines several kinds of messages for data ... Keywords: IEC 61850, Substation Security, Message authentication, integrity

Sugwon Hong; Dae-Yong Shin; Myongho Lee

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Finite element analysis of substation composite insulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Composite insulators are rapidly replacing their porcelain counterparts in electrical substation applications. These insulators consist of a glass-reinforced polymer (GRP) rod, with two metal end fittings radially crimped onto the ends of the rod during assembly. In this paper, axisymmetric finite element models are developed to evaluate the mechanical performance of composite insulators under externally applied axial compression. The analyses are performed by assuming both a perfectly bonded interface between the composite rod and the end fittings, and an imperfect interface which permits large relative sliding with Coulomb friction. Results indicate that the perfect interface model is unrealistic since it predicts singular stresses at the interface comer and an overall linear structural response. On the other hand, the imperfect interface model is found to simulate accurately the structural non-linearity caused by relative sliding of the GRP rod within the end fittings. The imperfect interface model has therefore been used to evaluate the effects of interface friction, and the extent of crimping, on the maximum load-bearing capacity of substation composite insulators.

A. Bansal; A. Schubert; M.V. Balakrishnan; M. Kumosa

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Grizzly Substation Fiber Optics : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This notice announces BPA`s decision to construct, operate, and maintain the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project (Project). This Project is part of a continuing effort by BPA to complete a regionwide upgrade of its existing telecommunications system. The US Forest Service and BPA jointly prepared the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1241) evaluating the potential environmental impacts of the Proposed Action, the Underground Installation Alternative, and the No Action Alternative. Based on the analysis in the EA, the US Forest Service and BPA have determined that the Proposed Action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI. The US Forest Service has separately issued a FONSI and Decision Notice authorizing BPA to construct, operate, and maintain the Project within the Crooked River National Grassland (Grassland).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA Briefings on Physical Security of Electricity Substations The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations. The session for FEMA Region IX will be held in San Jose, CA and hosted by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration proposes to repair the access road/driveway into the Hygiene Substation. There is a low spot in the middle of the driveway that impedes maneuvering oflarge maintenance equipment in and out of the yard. Western plans to fill the low spot with road base and crumbled concrete fill. The Hygiene Substation is located in Boulder County, approximately 2 miles northwest of Longmont, CO (T3N, R69W, Sec 18). All proposed construction will occur within the existing, disturbed substation access road/driveway. B. Number and Title of tile Categorical Exclusion Being Applied: (See text in 10 CFR 1021, Subpart D.) BI.3 Routine maintenance activities and custodial services for buildings, structures,

122

Testing of complex IEC 61850 based substation automation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integration of multifunctional intelligent substation devices (ISDs), in complex substation or power plant automation systems, requires the development of methods and tools for their testing that will ensure the correct operation of protection, control, monitoring, recording and metering functions, under normal and abnormal system conditions. The new IEC 61850 standard for communication networks and systems in substations allows the development of high-speed peer-to-peer communications based distributed applications, based on multicast of status changes or sampled analogue values. This paper details the requirements for the testing of complex substation automation systems. The testing methods need to correspond to the functional hierarchy of the substation automation system. Functional element testing, integration and system testing are discussed. Systems with Substation Bus only, and with both Process Bus and Substation Bus, are considered. A method for the testing of both types of system is proposed, based on a specific order of system components testing. Solutions for the testing of the individual components of the IEC 61850 based system, as well as for the testing of distributed applications, are described at the end of the paper.

Alexander Apostolov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Demand Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Grantees may use funds to coordinate with electricity supply companies and utilities to reduce energy demands on their power systems. These demand reduction programs are usually coordinated through...

124

Microsoft Word - CX -Ostrander Substation Expansion.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6, 2011 6, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amit Sinha Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Ostrander Substation Addition Budget Information: Work order 00262568 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Construction of electric power substations (including switching stations and support facilities)....or modification (other than voltage increases) of existing substations and support facilities... Location: Clackamas County, Oregon (T2S, R3E, Sections 26 and 35) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to expand its existing Ostrander Substation near Barton, Oregon by approximately 4 acres. The expansion would accommodate three new 230/500-kV transformers,

125

Substation in Clark County, Nevada RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Substation for soil remediation. Substation for soil remediation. The attached map shows the borrow area which is situated in Sections 18, 19,20 Township 18 South Range 64 East, Mount Diablo Meridian, Clark County, Nevada. The corresponding U.S.G.S. 7.S-minute topographic maps are Apex, Dry Lake, Dry Lake NW, and Dry Lake SE, Nevada. B. Categorical Exclusion Applied: 10 CFR, Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: "Construction of electric power substations with power delivery at 230kV or below or modification of existing sUbstations." C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410 Ib): 1. The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix B to Subpart D. a. The proposed action was reviewed for the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the National

126

Substation in Clark County, Nevada RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SUbstation for soil remediation. SUbstation for soil remediation. The attached map shows the borrow area which is situated in Sections 18, 19,20 Township 18 South Range 64 East, Mount Diablo Meridian, Clark County, Nevada. The corresponding U.S.G.S. 7.5-minute topographic maps are Apex, Dry Lake, Dry Lake NW, and Dry Lake SE, Nevada. B. Categorical Exclusion Applied: 10 CFR, Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: "Construction of electric power substations with power delivery at 230kV or below or modification of existing SUbstations." C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410 (b): 1. The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix B to Subpart D. a. The proposed action was reviewed for the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the National

127

Microsoft Word - CX_DeMoss_Substation_Expansion_130531  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alaric Hsu Alaric Hsu Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: De Moss Substation Expansion Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: Sherman County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to expand its De Moss Substation yard located in Sherman County, Oregon. The expansion is necessary to install additional reactors that would provide the necessary reactive support to address the extreme high voltage at De Moss Substation resulting from the loss of the Big Eddy - DeMoss transmission line during winter peak conditions. The equipment at De Moss Substation is currently sustaining voltage

128

Microsoft Word - CX_Memo_FranklinSubstation.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Amy Freel Amy Freel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Franklin Substation Upgrades Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Electrical power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Pasco, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The BPA proposes to make improvements to the BPA fee-owned Franklin Substation located in southeastern Washington in order to bring the substation into compliance with BPA's minimum voltage guidelines. A shunt capacitor bank would be installed to provide voltage support. Project activities would include moving a temporary mobile capacitor bank, removing transformers, extending a 115-kilovolt (kV) bus, installing a new 115-kV

129

Proposed Transmission Towers Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6-1E: Recreation Inset Maps for Map 6-1C and Map 6-1D Proposed Transmission Towers Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route Segments (not drawn to scale) New Access Roads...

130

Gas-Insulated Substation Performance in Brazilian System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work is based on a report developed in the Working Group 23–03 of CIGRÉ-Brazil [1], about gas-insulated substations performance in the Brazilian electric system from...

H. J. A. Martins; V. R. Fernandes; R. S. Jacobsen

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

APS team works smarter, cuts substation construction costs by 36%  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An aggressive, cost-cutting, team of T D employees at Arizona Public Service Co (APS) is building a new distribution substation in Phoenix for less than half the original cost that APS planners had calculated for the project's land, labor and materials. Scheduled for service in June of this year, APS analysts had originally projected land, labor and materials costs for the 20-MVA Bell substation at nearly $1.7-million-not including major equipment such as transformers, circuit breakers, and switches. However, after studying the project, an empowered APS crew was able to slash 36% off the original estimate-more than $610,000. What's more, APS spokesmen say that its new approach to substation construction and design has given its engineers and construction crews a laundry list of additional ideas to try out on future substation ventures. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Progress Report, Substation No. 2, Troup, Texas, 1901-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATlQl -- BULLETIN NO. 209 JANUARY, 1917 -- --- PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 2, TROUP, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] I TEXAS... AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION -- BULLETIN NO. 209 JANUARY, 1917 - PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO., 2, TROUP,. TEXAS W. S. HOTCHKISS, . Superintendent B. YOTJVGBLOOD, DIRE:CTOR, COLLEGE STATION, RRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - - fl AUSTIN, TEXAS VO K...

Hotchkiss, W.S.

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Progress Report Substation No. 1, Beeville, Texas, 1910-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION -- BULLETIN NO. 2 14 APRIL, 1917 .PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 1, BEEVILLE, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD, ,If. S., DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS....'AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 214 APRIL, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 1, BEEVILLE, TEXAS 1910-1914 E. E. BINFORD, B. S., Superintendent B. YOUNGBLOOD, $1. S., DIRI~CTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXM. em- AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON...

Binford, E.E.

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Progress Report Substation No.7, Spur, Texas, 1909-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 2 18 SEPTEMBER, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 7, SPUR, TEXAS . , B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AunlLuL I UKAL AIVD-~LIIAITYILAL LULLEECVPTE~A~ W. B.... ............................................... .Term expires 1923 F. M. LAW, Housto11.. ................................................. .Term expires 1923 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART. Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR. GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS p. L. DOWNS, President, Temple...

Dickson, R.E.

1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Corn Variety Experiments, Substation no. 3, Angleton, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XAS AGRICULl'URAL EXPERIMENT STATION ~ AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL. Preddent . FEBRUARY, 1921 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY CORN VARIETY EXPERIMENTS SUBSTATION NO. 3, t B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, %LLEOE STATION, BRAZOS... Assistant SOIL SURVEY **W. T. CARTER, JR., B. S.! Chiej T. M. BUSANELL, B: S., Sorl S~ruevot H. W. HAWKER. Sorl Surueuor No. I. Denton Denton County C. H. MCDO\\;ELL. B. S.. Superintenden( SUBSTATIONS No. 7. Spar, Dickene County R. E. DICKSON. B. S...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Sweet Potato Fertilizer Experiments at Substation No. 2, Troup.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 277 MARCH, 1921 SWEET POTATO FERTILIZER EXPERIMENTS AT SUBSTATION NO. 2; TROUP B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR tmLLIU)E BTATION.... Pecos, Reeves County V. L. CORY, B. S., Superintendent No. 10. College Station, Rrazas County (Feedlng and Breedlng Substation) L. J. MCCALL, Superintendent No. 11. Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches County G. T. McN~ss, Superintendent **No. 12. Chillicothe...

Hotchkiss, W. S.

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

PP&L experience with substation reliability centered maintenance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is intended to present a summary of Pennsylvania Power & Light`s (PP&L) experience with substation Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM). The purpose of this summary is to first explain the process used by PP&L to implement substation RCM, second to explain the differences that are apparent from the use of the classical RCM analysis as compared to the method used by PP&L, and third to provide several insights into the process.

Santarelli, P.D. [Pennsylvania Power & Light Company, Hazleton, PA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Study of gas insulated substation and its comparison with air insulated substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper basically evaluates the two types of substation namely AIS and GIS on the basis of the life-cycle cost method, reliability, and environmental effects. The problems of very fast transient oscillations (VFTO) faced in GIS and their possible solutions. It substantiates and supports the use of GIS over AIS with an in depth analysis. In the end, HIS (hybrid GIS) has been proposed as a solution to overcome drawbacks of both AIS and GIS and to use the advantages of both in a single system for the best results.

Raj Nagarsheth; Sushant Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Transient performance of substation structures and associated grounding systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When lightning strikes an electric substation, large currents generated by the stroke flow in the above ground structures and grounding system and dissipate in the soil. The electromagnetic fields generated by such high currents may cause damage to equipment and may be dangerous to personnel working nearby. In this paper, the frequency and time domain performance of a substation subjected to a lightning strike is described and discussed. The computed scalar potentials, electric fields, and magnetic fields are presented graphically as a function of spatial coordinates, as a function of time and as a function of both. Two cases are considered. The first case examines the substation grounding system only, while the second case includes an above-ground structure as well. It is believed that the results of the second case have not been published before. A double exponential lightning surge current is injected at one corner of the substation. The response of the grounding system to the frequency domain electromagnetic spectrum of this signal is computed by a frequency domain electromagnetic field analysis software package. The temporal and spatial distributions of the electromagnetic fields inside and near the substation are obtained by an inverse Fourier transformation of all these responses. The presence of a soil with an arbitrary resistivity and permittivity is accurately taken into account. The analysis sheds some new light on the understanding of the effects which take place at the higher frequencies.

Dawalibi, F.P.; Xiong, W.; Ma, J. [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)] [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Application and field experience of a digital substation switch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been an increase in the use of solid-state, microprocessor-based relays, fault recorders, meters, and programmable controllers; in transmission and distribution substations. These devices can be remotely interrogated or programmed, and can send reports back to a host computer through their RS-232 communications ports. These devices use a wide variety of communications software and protocols. Because these devices can be located in the substation yard, induced surges and voltages can be present on the communication lines. This can impair the ability to communicate over RS-232 lines, and even cause equipment damage. In addition. the distance from the control house to the substation yard can limit the use of standard RS-232 protocol. For greater system economy, several devices must use the same communications channel. This requires a means of reliably connecting several devices to the incoming and outgoing communications circuits. This paper describes a digital substation switch (DSS) that was designed for this application, and its initial installation and field experience at Savannah Electric. The DSS connects various meters, transmission relays, and distribution relays to PCs in remote locations through a voice-grade telephone circuit. In this application, the DSS uses a fiber loop to communicate with the devices in the substation yard.

Spain, R.; Fodero, K.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Feasibility of thyristor controlled series capacitor for distribution substation enhancements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors (TCSCs) are already being used for control of transmission system power flows, the dynamic adjustment of transmission infeed impedances presents other system enhancement opportunities. In the case of the Con Edison system, distributing substation upgrades are severely constrained by limits to existing circuit breaker interrupting capabilities. Because additional transmission line infeeds cannot be provided without increasing fault current levels, a TCSC was investigated for use as a fault current limiter. In order to demonstrate proper operation in the current limiting mode, Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) simulations were conducted. Three TCSC configurations are presented to illustrate that additional power can be provided during normal operation without increasing fault currents at the substation: (1) series compensation of existing 138 kV infeeds (to allow higher substation MVA uprates), (2) series compensation of new 138 kV infeeds (without fault current increases), and (3) a 13.8 kV TCSC compensated link between two substations (to allow regulated power transfer between substation buses).

Godart, T.F.; Imece, A.F.; McIver, J.C. [GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.; Chebli, E.A. [Consolidated Edison Co. of NY, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Feasibility of thyristor controlled series capacitor for distribution substation enhancements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors (TCSCs) are already being used for control of transmission system power flows, the dynamic adjustment of transmission infeed impedances presents other system enhancement opportunities. In the case of the Con Edison system, distribution substation upgrades are severely constrained by limits to existing circuit breaker interrupting capabilities. Because additional transmission line infeeds cannot be provided without increasing fault current levels, a TCSC was investigated for use as a fault current limiter. In order to demonstrate proper operation in the current limiting mode, Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) simulations were conducted. Three TCSC configurations are presented to illustrate that additional power can be provided during normal operation without increasing fault currents at the substation: (1) series compensation of existing 138 kV infeeds (to allow higher substation MVA uprates), (2) series compensation of new 138 kV infeeds (without fault current increases), and (3) a 13.8 kV TCSC compensated link between two substations (to allow regulated power transfer between substation buses).

Godart, T.F.; Imece, A.F.; McIver, J.C. [GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.] [GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.; Chebli, E.A. [Consolidated Edison Co. of New York Inc., New York, NY (United States)] [Consolidated Edison Co. of New York Inc., New York, NY (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energy demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic forces pushing up energy demand are population increase and economic growth. From ... of these it is possible to estimate future energy requirements.

Geoffrey Greenhalgh

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild 3: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, CO EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, CO SUMMARY DOE's Western Area Power Administration (Western) owns and operates two 16-mile, 115-kilovolt transmission lines on separate rights-of-way between Flatiron Reservoir (near Loveland, Colorado) and the town of Estes Park, Colorado. Western is preparing this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to upgrade and co-locate these transmission lines, by removing one and abandoning its right-of-way, and rebuilding the other along the existing right-of-way as a double-circuit line (i.e., six conductors per pole). The USDA Forest Service, Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest, is a cooperating agency in preparing the EIS to support

145

Microsoft Word - CX- Eugene Substation Fiber_130520.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Jonathan Toobian Project Manager - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Eugene Substation Fiber Interconnection Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B 4.7 Fiber Optic Cable Location: Eugene, Lane County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes allowing Light Speed Networks (LSN) to interconnect with its existing fiber optic network at BPA's Eugene substation in Lane County, Oregon. To interconnect to BPA's fiber network, LSN would install two new below ground fiber optic vaults within BPA's existing right-of-way. The first vault would be installed on BPA fee-owned land immediately south of the existing substation entrance, while the second vault

146

Reliability and component importance analysis of substation automation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to present a comprehensive technique to quantitatively assess the reliability of substation automation systems. The technique is based on the tie-sets methodology. In order to demonstrate the application of the proposed technique, a variety of substation automation architectures is first introduced. The associated reliability block diagrams as well as the exact system reliability are then given. The impacts and the degree of importance of various components on the reliability of substation automation systems are presented. Two suitable measures of importance are selected. The first is the Birnbaum’s measure used to determine the bottleneck of the system reliability. The second measure uses criticality importance to diagnose failures and generating repair or inspection checklists.

Hamze Hajian-Hoseinabadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

Implementation and design of a communication system of an agent-based automated substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A substation system requires that communication be transmitted reliably, ... the communication system of an agent-based automated substation is introduced. The running principle is discussed ... realization of th...

Yong-jun Lin; Yu-tao Liu; Dan-hui Zhang

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Concerted Interconversion between Ionic Lock Substates of the b2 Adrenergic Receptor Revealed by Microsecond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concerted Interconversion between Ionic Lock Substates of the b2 Adrenergic Receptor Revealed substates (2,5). Recently solved crystallographic structures of b2-adren- ergic receptor (B2AR) have shown

150

Research on Secure Message Transmission of Smart Substation Based on GCM Algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on IEC61850 standard smart substation system using ethernet architecture is required for ... , MMS are common messages used in smart substation , whether these messages can be transmitted ... is critical to...

BaoYi Wang; MinAn Wang; ShaoMin Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Electrical Substation Performability and Reliability Indicators Modelled by Non-Homogeneous Markov Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the scope of operating safety in electrical substations, EDF is brought to perform reliability and ... availability computations. These computations declined on the substation performance are used to estimate ...

Agapios Platis; Nikolaos Limnios; Marc Le Du

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Fuzzy Control on Voltage/Reactive Power in Electric Power Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy method using in voltage and reactive power control in electric substation is proposed based on the improved 17 ... times at the tap positions of transformers in substation are much less than usual. So,...

Xiu-hua Wu; Jun-cheng Wang; Ping Yang…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

ZigBee Performance in 400 KV Air Insulated Power Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental assessment of the impact of the electromagnetic environment of a 400 kV substation on the performance of ZigBee equipment is ... the performance of ZigBee equipment deployed in the substation with...

Qingshan Shan; I A Glover; P J Moore…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Shared-network scheme of SMV and GOOSE in smart substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The network structure of the smart substation in common use was introduced, and the ... measured value (SMV) and generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) were analyzed, such as ... the network reliabilit...

Wenlong WANG; Minghui LIU; Xicai ZHAO…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Research on Smart Substation Equipment Condition Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reference to characteristics of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) technology and the three-tier architecture of smart substation, the paper designs an on-line condition monitoring system of smart substation equipme...

Jie He; Xiaoqing Huang; Yang Yang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Chromosomal effects in lymphocytes of 400 kV-substation workers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a previous study we found an increased rate of chromosomal aberations in substation workers. To follow up this finding we ... of circuit breakers and disconnectors in 400 kV-substations. The other 19 served as...

I. Nordenson; K. Hansson Mild; U. Östman…

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Criteria for phase-to-phase clearances of HV substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To facilitate uprating of HV substations, the paper re-examines line-to-line insulation design criteria. The basis for existing practices and the principles of line-to-line lightning surge overvoltage stresses are reviewed. Results of a digital study for a realistic substation are presented. The conclusions show that the line-to-line stresses, as limited by surge arresters, are substantially higher than line-to-ground stresses. This represents increased requirements as compared to existing standards. However, due to low protective levels of modern arresters, substantial reduction of line-to-line clearances is still feasible.

Panek, J.; Sublich, M.; Elahi, H. (GE Industry and Utility Sales, Schenectady, NY (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Cotton Variety Experiments at Substation No. 2, Troup.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-*-:?;,*f{*;".!( pcyv-p, ., AT SUBSTATION NO. 2, ci TROUP . AGRICULTURAL A.ND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President STATION STAFF? ADMINISTRATION : A. B. CONNER, M. S., Director R E KARPER M S Vice-Director CLAR'ICE MIXAN 'B"A Secretary M P.... S. Department of Agriculture. ***In cooperation wlth the School of Agr~culture. icine. In tests conducted with 205 varieties and strains of cotton t Substation No. 2, Troup, during the 16 years, 1913 to 1928, ~clusive, Half and Half...

Hotchkiss, W. S.; Johnson, P. R. (Paul Rufus)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Report of Experiments at Substation No. 12, Chillicothe, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 253 NOVEMBER, 1919 heport of Exoeriments at Substation . No. 12, iliicothe, Texas B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR aOuEoE STATION... Survegor R. G. BRTWER, B. S., Assisfanf Animal Hus- W. B. FR~NCIS, B. S., Soil Surve~or banaman SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beevillei Bee County I. E. CLU~ART, M. S., Superinfendent N6. 2. Tromp, Smith County W. S. HOTCHKISS, Superinfendenf No. 3. Angleton...

Edwards, R. W.

1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Cotton Variety Experiments: Substation No. 3, Angleton, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AfiRlCULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS ' W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 274 FEBRUARY, 1921 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY COTTON VARIETY EXPERIMENTS SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD..... Chief SOIL SURVEY **W. T. CARTER. JR., B, S.. Chief T. M RTJRNNELL. R. S., Soil Surve~or H. W. HAWKER. Soil Sr~rneuar SUBSTATIONS No..l. Beeville. Bee County No. 8. Lubbock. Lubbock County I. E. COWART, M. S., Superintendent H. E. KARPER. B. S...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Progress Report, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, Texas, 1909-1915.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I 2XAS AGRlCULrURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 237 NOVEMBER, 1918 Progress Report, Substation No. 1 1, Nacogdoches, Texas, 1909- 19 15 B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR College.... T CARTER JR Chief J. F. ST~OUD. SO;[ ~;rve!,or NFAL GEARREALD Soil Survegor T. M. BUSHNELL, b. S., Soil Survey'r SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beeville. Bee County No. 8 Lubbock Lubbock County I. E. COWART, M. S., Superintendent R'E KARPE~ B S Superintend D: L...

McNess, George Thomas

1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Environmental Assessment of Proposed Haskill Substation and Tap Line.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To solve the service problems in the Marion area, BPA is proposing to construct a new 230/24.9-kV substation to tap BPA's existing Libby-Conkelly 230-kV line (different than Hot Springs-Conkelly 230-kV line, but an equally acceptable source). Haskill Substation would be approximately one mile northeast of the town of Marion, Montana, and would serve the western portion of Flathead Electric Cooperative's service area. This report describes possible environmental impacts of the proposed action. 8 refs., 4 figs.

Not Available

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

A short proof of the Quantum Substate Theorem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Quantum Substate Theorem due to Jain, Radhakrishnan, and Sen (2009) gives us a powerful operational interpretation of the observational divergence of two quantum states, a quantity that is closely related to their relative entropy. Informally, the theorem states that if the observational divergence between two quantum states rho, sigma is small, then there is a quantum state rho' close to rho in trace norm, such that rho' when scaled down by a small factor becomes a substate of sigma. We present a new proof of this theorem. The resulting statement is stronger and its proof is both conceptually simpler and significantly shorter than the earlier proof.

Jain, Rahul

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Reduction of interference on substation low voltage wiring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes test results and mitigation methods of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on control and low voltage circuits in substations caused by air disconnect switch operation. The tests are focused on a comparison between unshielded and shielded circuits from capacitively coupled voltage transformers (CCVT) and other equipment circuits in the vicinity. New test data are presented comparing unshielded and shielded cables and transient currents on all connections to the CCVT including the pedestal and ground strap. The paper gives a practical and understandable explanation of the causes of EMI in substations and how shielded cable and parallel ground conductors reduce interference. Design guidelines are listed in the Conclusion.

Gavazza, R.J. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)] [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Wiggins, C.M. [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)] [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info

166

Report on Experiments with Citrus Fruits at the Beeville Sub-station.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

!TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN No. 148. MAY, 1912. Report on Experiments With Citrus Fruits at The Bee- ville Sub-station A. T. POTTS, Superintendent Beeville Sub-station AUSTIN PRINTING COMPANY AUSTIN. TEXAS TEXAS... EXPERIMENT STATIONS. GOVERNING BOARD. 1 DIRECTOR OF STATIONS. ...................................... B. YOUNOBLOOD, M. S.. .College Station I SUPERINTENDENTS OF SUB-STATIONS. .................. E. E. BINFORD, Beeville Sub-station.. .Beeville, P:.e Cc...

Potts, A. T. (Arthur Tillman)

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Myoglobin-CO Conformational Substate Dynamics: 2D Vibrational Echoes and MD Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Myoglobin-CO Conformational Substate Dynamics: 2D Vibrational Echoes and MD Simulations Kusai A over a range of temperatures. The A1 and A3 conformational substates of MbCO are found to have assignments for the MbCO conformational substates. INTRODUCTION Protein dynamics have been the focus of both

Fayer, Michael D.

168

Short proofs of the Quantum Substate Theorem Rahul Jain and Ashwin Nayak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Short proofs of the Quantum Substate Theorem Rahul Jain and Ashwin Nayak Abstract--The Quantum Substate Theorem due to Jain, Rad- hakrishnan, and Sen (2002) gives us a powerful operational, such that when scaled down by a small factor becomes a substate of . We present new proofs of this theorem

Jain, Rahul

169

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring Asis University City Blvd. Charlotte, NC 28223 Luke Van der Zel and Bienvenido Rodriguez Substations Group EPRI-Transmissions & Substations 9625 Research Drive Charlotte, NC 28262 Ralph McKosky Technology Innovation, Environment

Nasipuri, Asis

170

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT NUMERICAL APPROACH FOR SUBSTATION GROUNDING IN A TWO LAYER EARTH STRUCTURE3~na, SPAIN SUMMARY Analysis and design of substation grounding requires computing the distribution

Colominas, Ignasi

171

An extension to IEC 61850 for solving selectivity problem in electrical substations Mohamad Haffar*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An extension to IEC 61850 for solving selectivity problem in electrical substations Mohamad Haffar substations). The integration of communication networks in critical or safety applications is nowadays to the new standard IEC 61850. We also present the development of new devices in electrical substation domain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Powerline Communication System for Monitoring and Supervision of Feeder Equipments for MV Substation Automation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Substation Automation LiPing LU1,2 , GangYan LI1 , YeQiong SONG2 1 ­ School of Mechanical and Electronical With the deregulation of power market and for providing better services to electric consumers, the current substation into the substations by the utilities to integrate data from relays and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Demo Abstract: Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring: Design and Deployment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demo Abstract: Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring: Design and Deployment Asis-Transmissions & Substations 9625 Research Drive Charlotte, NC 28262 {lvanderz,birodriguez} @epri.com Ralph McKosky, Joseph in a substation for monitoring the health of power subsystems such as circuit breakers, trans- formers

Nasipuri, Asis

174

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design" I://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE SUBSTATION GROUNDING DESIGN I. Colominas, F. Navarrina A Boundary Element approach for the numerical computation of substation grounding systems is pre- sented

Colominas, Ignasi

175

Conformational Substates of Myoglobin Intermediate Resolved by Picosecond Xray Solution Scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conformational Substates of Myoglobin Intermediate Resolved by Picosecond Xray Solution Scattering: Conformational substates of proteins are generally considered to play important roles in regulating protein with the conformational substates using picosecond X-ray solution scattering. By applying kinetic analysis considering all

Ihee, Hyotcherl

176

Noise Amplitude Distribution of Impulsive Noise from Measurements in a Power Substation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise Amplitude Distribution of Impulsive Noise from Measurements in a Power Substation Qingshan-This paper presents ultra-wide-band measurements of impulsive noise within an electricity substation compound analysis of these events is presented. Index Terms--Electricity substation, impulsive noise, noise

Atkinson, Robert C

177

The role of the digital fault recorder in the automated substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the role of the digital fault recorder in the automated substation. The topics of the paper include distributed architecture, the substation LAN and reduced installation costs, multiple functions, improved substation intelligence, record generation and record merging, fault summaries, master station software, and future considerations.

Brandt, J.D. [Hathaway Corp., Littleton, CO (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Myoglobin-CO Substate Structures and Dynamics: Multidimensional Vibrational Echoes and Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Myoglobin-CO Substate Structures and Dynamics: Multidimensional Vibrational Echoes and Molecular) having its imidazole nitrogen protonated (N -H). The two conformational substate structures B and R observed in the MD simulations are assigned to the spectroscopic A1 and A3 conformational substates of Mb

Fayer, Michael D.

179

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow describes a new solution for integrating substation sensing, signal processing and decision making for more. Introduction The existing substation designs for sensing, signal processing and decision-making have been

180

Management and Control for Optimal Performance of the Heating Substation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of the scale of central heating, a higher managing level is needed for the heating substation. How to economize the more energy is the first factor that managers need to consider while ensuring the comfort of the heating...

Yang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Acoustic modeling and simulation of an urban substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demographic growth has often resulted in a disorganized occupation of large urban areas. Regions which were previously empty started to be populated frequently resulting in an increasingly more common proximity between residential construction and industrial installations. As a consequence very serious environmental problems have occurred including those caused by acoustic emission from industrial installations. A common problem these days is the disturbance caused by electric substations closely positioned to residential buildings. The disregard for acoustic effects during the design stage can still be observed in some of the older substation designs particularly in areas previously far from city centers. In some countries such as Brazil a systematic acoustic evaluation of substations only started in the 1980s with the main bulk of the work still under development. This paper describes some of the joint work being carried out on noise control by the researchers of Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and CEMIG (the state power administration). The initial definition of a series of acoustic elements followed by the discussion of the governing equations is considered. The computational implementation of the resulting model is presented aimed at the definition of the most convenient noise control strategy. Finally a few results obtained at a real substation are considered including some experimental results obtained during actual operation.

Eduardo Bauzer Medeiros; Gia Kroeff

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

BE 400/18 kV Substation Renovation Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 400/18 kV SPS main substation was designed for the 400 GeV SPS project and was commissioned in 1974. It has been upgraded several times to form the present 400/66/18 kV SPS and LEP transmission power comprising 490 MVA and 240 MVAR installed power. The beginning of the LHC project and the obsolescence of the main elements, and consequently limited reliability, made it necessary to begin a complete renovation program. The new configuration of the substation will integrate the new compensator of reactive power efficiently into the 18 kV pulsed network. In this way the new compensator will facilitate the functioning of the pulsed network with the new loads and it will improve the performance of the electrical substation. The renovation program consists in a global reorganisation of the substation, with the total replacement of the 18 kV power equipment, a set up of new control and protection systems for the 18 kV and 400 kV section and the reconditioning of all the 400 kV equipment.

Vairo, Antonio

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Simulation of an Electrical Substation Using the Bond Graph Technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulation and especially computer simulation, is a basic tool since it enables engineers to understand how systems work without actually needing to see them. They can learn how they work in different circumstances and optimize their design with considerably ... Keywords: simulation, electrical substations, elements, electricity, bond graph

Gregorio Romero; Jesus Felez; Joaquin Maroto; Jose Manuel Mera

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Reliability centered maintenance (RCM) for substations project overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An EPRI Tailored Collaboration project establishing guidelines and tools for implementing Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) in substations is nearing completion and final results are being presented at this Substation RCM Conference. The ultimate goal of this RCM project is to help utilities slash substation operations and maintenance costs by optimizing equipment maintenance intervals. Preventive maintenance (PM) programs typically have been developed on a component-by-component basis, relying heavily on equipment vendors` maintenance recommendations. RCM is a logical alternative to traditional PM programs. It is intelligent, common sense maintenance that is function-based rather than component-based. First developed by the airline industry in the 1960s and further developed and applied to the nuclear industry by EPRI in the 1980s, RCM ranks the importance of each function of a system, calculates the impact the loss of the function would have on the overall system, and drives the design of appropriate maintenance tasks for each function. The nuclear industry reaped savings of at least 25% by adopting RCM, and one utility that tried this approach for substation maintenance reported savings of 13% in one year.

Lyons, P.F.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Achieving low return temperatures from district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract District heating systems contribute with low primary energy supply in the energy system by providing heat from heat assets like combined heat and power, waste incineration, geothermal heat, wood waste, and industrial excess heat. These heat assets would otherwise be wasted or not used. Still, there are several reasons to use these assets as efficiently as possible, i.e., ability to compete, further reduced use of primary energy resources, and less environmental impact. Low supply and return temperatures in the distribution networks are important operational factors for obtaining an efficient district heating system. In order to achieve low return temperatures, customer substations and secondary heating systems must perform without temperature faults. In future fourth generation district heating systems, lower distribution temperatures will be required. To be able to have well-performing substations and customer secondary systems, continuous commissioning will be necessary to be able to detect temperature faults without any delays. It is also of great importance to be able to have quality control of eliminated faults. Automatic meter reading systems, recently introduced into district heating systems, have paved the way for developing new methods to be used in continuous commissioning of substations. This paper presents a novel method using the temperature difference signature for temperature difference fault detection and quality assurance of eliminated faults. Annual hourly datasets from 140 substations have been analysed for temperature difference faults. From these 140 substations, 14 were identified with temperature difference appearing or eliminated during the analysed year. Nine appeared during the year, indicating an annual temperature difference fault frequency of more than 6%.

Henrik Gadd; Sven Werner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

VOLUME 67, NUMBER 1 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 1 JULY 1991 Optically Induced Coherence Transfer Echoes between Zeeman Substates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between Zeeman Substates Dieter Suter and Martin Rosatzin Institute of Quantum Electronics, Swiss Federal

Suter, Dieter

187

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical Equipment Removal Project located north of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes drain and dispose of PCB contaminated oil from two bushings, and decontaminate one· bushing and rack, break apart PCB contaminated concrete and excavate PCB contaminated soil at Pinnacle Peak Substation. Western will be use existing access roads and vehicles such as cranes, backhoes, dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks to bring personnel and equipment to the work area. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The project is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. The attached map shows the

188

Microsoft Word - CX_Memo_MonroeSubstation.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8, 2013 8, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amy Freel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Monroe Substation Integrated Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Electrical power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Snohomish County, Washington; Township 28 North, Range 7 East, Section 22 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The purpose of the project is to provide upgrades required as part of BPA's ongoing sustaining programs by providing voltage support and preventing power outages. The project would consist of the following activities: ï‚· Installation of two new 500-kilovolt (kV) shunt capacitor groups with current limiting

189

Microsoft Word - CX-Santiam_Substation_Renovation_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KEPR-4 KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Noah Carlson Project Manager - NWM-4 Proposed Action: Removal of asbestos and renovation of Santiam Substation PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1566 Budget Information: Work Order # 244751 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.16 Removal of asbestos from buildings Location: Santiam substation in Linn County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: This project entails the removal of all paint from all interior wall surfaces down to bare concrete as well as the removal of the suspended ceiling (painted with the same asbestos containing paint) and lighting systems. The asbestos containing floor tile will be removed as will the asbestos

190

Effects of intentional threats to power substation control systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power station control and management systems represent key elements for guaranteeing the security of the power grid infrastructure. Intrinsically conceived to support the continuous provision of power in secure conditions, those systems today make intensive use of information and communication systems and are therefore exposed to related accidental and intentional cyber threats. This paper describes a simulation of cyber attacks conducted in the CESI RICERCA laboratory testbed on a prototypical substation control infrastructure with the purpose of testing their feasibility and illustrating their impact on the control system services. A set of attack scenarios targeting several subsystems has been experimented, with different simulated threat motivations and different degrees of impact on the global substation service. The paper reports some considerations about the consequences of the implemented attacks, focusing on different facets of the problem, in an effort to elucidate the full significance of the potential cyber threats.

Giovanna Dondossola; Judit Szanto; Marcelo Masera; Igor Nai Fovino

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Dynamic sub-transmission substation expansion planning using learning automata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new method to solve the dynamic sub-transmission substation expansion planning (SSEP) in electric power distribution networks. The method employs a new algorithm based on learning automata for optimization process. The developed algorithm includes different electrical constraints such as voltage drops, thermal limits, power flow and radial flow constraints. Moreover, prevalent cost indices are taken into consideration. The proposed method is used to solve the dynamic SSEP for Birjand city, center of South-Khorasan province of Iran, up to the year 2024. In addition, effects of the dynamic and pseudo-dynamic planning models are investigated at the study region and the obtained results are compared to those of genetic algorithm. Detailed numerical results and comparisons presented in the paper show that the proposed approach leads to proper solutions and can be used as an effective tool for the dynamic sub-transmission substation expansion planning in an actual large scale distribution network.

Seyed Mahdi Mazhari; Hassan Monsef

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimal sparing for SF6 gas insulated substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is suggested to optimize the number of spare items of substation components which have to be stored at the beginning of each year throughout a planning period. This sparing policy is conceived to provide the minimum total cost consisting of investment and load curtailment costs. The method uses the Hooke and Jeeves' direct search optimization approach. The optimization method is extended to apply to typical HV/MV GIS transformer stations requiring specific reliability modeling.

J. Nahman; V. Mijailovi?

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Substation based data interpretation techniques for improved power system management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is now considerable pressure on electric utilities to operate their systems in the most efficient manner possible and to provide increased quality of service to customers. This pressure, coupled with the decreasing availability of reserve margins dictates that there is a requirement for comprehensive system operation support through, among other things, the provision of quality information relating to the behavior of the primary and secondary systems. This paper will show how the data available within modern substation control and management systems can be exploited in a cost-effective manner, through the implementation of advanced substation functions in an open systems environment. Certain functions which are presently carried out at the control center could be distributed (or partially distributed) to the substation. These functions may provide the utility staff with quality information, which can in turn be used to satisfy the objectives of increasing quality and security of supply, in addition to optimizing the utility`s information, maintenance and asset management functions.

Booth, C.; McDonald, J.R. [Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom). Centre for Electrical Power Engineering] [Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom). Centre for Electrical Power Engineering; Laycock, W.J.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Transportation Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 69 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Transportation Demand Module The NEMS Transportation Demand Module estimates transportation energy consumption across the nine Census Divisions (see Figure 5) and over ten fuel types. Each fuel type is modeled according to fuel-specific technology attributes applicable by transportation mode. Total transportation energy consumption is the sum of energy use in eight transport modes: light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks), commercial light trucks (8,501-10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), freight trucks (>10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), buses, freight and passenger aircraft, freight and passenger rail, freight shipping, and miscellaneous

195

Optimal Design of Grounding System for HV / EHV Substations in Two Layered Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract — Successful operation of entire power system depends to a considerable extent on efficient and satisfactory performance of substations. Hence substations in general can be considered as heart of overall power system. In any substation, a well designed grounding plays an important role. Since absence of safe and effective grounding system can result in mal-operation or non-operation of control and protective devices, grounding system design deserves considerable attention for all the substations. Grounding system has to be safe as it is directly concerned with safety of persons working within the substation. Main purpose of this work is designing safe and cost effective grounding systems for HV / EHV substations situated at such locations where soil of the substation site is not uniform. Here soil is considered to be horizontally stratified into two layers. Initially significance of two layered soil model is introduced and design methodology for design of substation grounding system is discussed. Next, two design problems have been solved by using newly developed software and results obtained here are verified with the help of Ground Grid Systems module of ETAP – professional software. Comparison of the results obtained by both the software shows nice agreement of the results given by ESGSD with those obtained from ETAP. Hence this software is found to be quite satisfactory tool in the field of design of grounding system for HV / EHV substations.

unknown authors

196

Experience in the installation of a microprocessor system for controlling converter units of the Vyborg substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experience in the installation of modern digital systems for controlling converter units at the Vyborg converter substation on the basis of advanced microprocessor devices...

K. B. Gusakovskii; E. Yu. Zmaznov; S. V. Katantsev…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

An Integrative Approach to Reliability Analysis of an IEC 61850 Digital Substation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In recent years, reliability evaluation of substation automation systems has received a significant attention from the research community. With the advent of the concept of… (more)

Zhang, Yan 1988-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Assessment of precision timing and real-time data networks for digital substation automation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project researched the performance of emerging digital technology for high voltage electricity substations that significantly improves safety for staff and reduces the potential impact… (more)

Ingram, David M.E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Design & Implementation of a Universal Communications Processor for Substation Integration, Automation and Protection.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Substation Automation (SA) is a rapidly increasing area of interest in Electrical Engineering these days embracing numerous benefits to utilities. It is clearly the most… (more)

Ozansoy, Cagil Ramadan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Improving Reliability of IEEE-1588 in Substation Automation Based on Clock Drift Prediction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? An electric substation is a node in the power grid network. It serves the purpose of transmitting and distributing electric energy from power sources… (more)

Xiao, Yin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

New testing methods and new testing tools for systems utilizing substation communication networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The upcoming standard IEC 61850 prepares the ground for the broad application of data communication networks and systems in substations. With the new systems becoming installed,...

F. Steinhauser Dipl.-Ing. Dr. techn.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Investigation of Wireless LAN for IEC 61850 based Smart Distribution Substations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The IEC 61850 standard is receiving acceptance worldwide to deploy Ethernet Local Area Networks (LANs) for electrical substations in a smart grid environment. With the… (more)

Parikh, Palak P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A wireless 802.11 condition monitoring sensor for electrical substation environments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work reported in this thesis is concerned with the design, development and testing of a wireless 802.11 condition monitoring sensor for an electrical substation… (more)

Bogias, Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Implementation of embedded Ethernet based on hardware protocol stack in substation automation system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Embedded Ethernet technology has been utilized increasingly widely as the communication mode in the substation automation system (SAS). This paper introduces...

Qiang Ma ? ?; Jianguo Zhao ???; Bingxu Liu ???

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Object Oriented Safety Analysis of an Extra High Voltage Substation Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiences of application of the object oriented approach to safety analysis of an extra high voltage substation bay are presented. As the first step...

Bartosz Nowicki; Janusz Górski

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Microsoft Word - CX-HeboSubstationA- FY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Todd Nicholson Supervisory Civil Engineer - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Hebo Substation Access Road Maintenance Budget Information: Work Order 00270316 PP&A Project No.: 2784...

207

Demand Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assessment for Eastern Interconnection Youngsun Baek, Stanton W. Hadley, Rocio Martinez, Gbadebo Oladosu, Alexander M. Smith, Fran Li, Paul Leiby and Russell Lee Prepared for FY12 DOE-CERTS Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review September 20, 2012 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DOE National Laboratory Studies Funded to Support FOA 63 * DOE set aside $20 million from transmission funding for national laboratory studies. * DOE identified four areas of interest: 1. Transmission Reliability 2. Demand Side Issues 3. Water and Energy 4. Other Topics * Argonne, NREL, and ORNL support for EIPC/SSC/EISPC and the EISPC Energy Zone is funded through Area 4. * Area 2 covers LBNL and NREL work in WECC and

208

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-3047E Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers G described in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California. Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers. California Energy

209

Microsoft Word - CX-Covington_Substation_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8, 2010 8, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Kerry Cook Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Perform research of groundwater drainage and flooding issues at Covington Complex through the installation of four groundwater monitoring wells PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1772 Budget Information: Work Order #00246440 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B3.6 Siting/ construction/operation/decommissioning of facilities for bench-scale research, conventional laboratory operations, small-scale research and development and pilot projects. Location: Covington Substation in King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA)

210

Ferroresonance Evaluation at Boushehr 230/400 kV GIS Substation of Iran’s Power Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ferroresonance is one of the main and important reasons to distortion equipments in GIS substations. This phenomenon is not always predictable and ... ferroresonance is necessary to analyze before designing the substation

M. Majidi; H. Javadi; M. Oskuoee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION I. Colominas, F. Navarrina, and M. Casteleiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION GROUNDING I. Colominas, F approach for the numerical com- putation of substation grounding systems is presented. In this general

Colominas, Ignasi

212

The Fault Diagnosis of Electric Railway Traction Substation with Model-Based Diagnosis of Integration of FDI and DX Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway substation are expert systems based on experiences, which ... applied to diagnose the electric devices in railway substation. The system model knowledge can be obta...

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han; Wei Zhong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Study of the electric field generated by the high voltage substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper outlines the results of a study regarding the electromagnetic field generated by a 400 kV high voltage (HV) substation belonging to the Romanian national Power Grid Company Transelectrica SA. In the first part of the paper, a semi-analytical ... Keywords: HV substations, computation, electromagnetic field, human exposure, limits

Calin Munteanu; Vasile Topa; Marius Purcar; Laura Grindei; Adina Racasan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Design and costs estimation of electrical substations based on three-dimensional building blocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Substations design is a fundamental engineering component in power network construction. The benefits obtained for having adequate tools and design systems are related mainly to cost savings, reduction of construction problems and faster throughput of ... Keywords: 3D environments, CAD tools, building blocks, electrical substations design

Eduardo Islas Pérez; Jessica Bahena Rada; Jesus Romero Lima; Mirna Molina Marín

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Progress Report of Substation No. 4, Beaumont, Texas, 1909-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 200 DECEMBER, 1916 = PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 4, BEAUMONT, TEXAS B. YOUWOBLOOD, DIRECTOR, ' COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO.... 200 DECEMBER, 191 6 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 4, BEAUMONT, TEXAS H. H. LAUDE, B. S., SUPERINTENDENT B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - - AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN- JONES CO., PRINTEBS, 1917...

Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Report of Progress at the Troupe Sub-Station, Smith County Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTUR 146-409-lorn [PERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 121 FEBRUARY 1, 1909 REPORT OF PROGRESS AT THE TROUPE SUB-STATION, SMITH COUNTY, TEXAS W. H. HOTCHKISS, SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE POSTOFFICE COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY.... ..................................... C. W. CRISLER. .Chief Clerk. .................................. F. R. N~VAILLE. .Stenographer. ...................................... A. S. WARE.. .Stenographer. STATE SUBSTATIONS. ..................... H. H. HARRINGTON, Director. .College...

Hotchkiss, W.S.

1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Special design and testing aspects of the 345 kV East Fishkill substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The installation of two 135 MVAR capacitor banks in the 345 kV East Fishkill substation required special design of the grounding system, installation of reactors in series with the capacitor banks, closing resistors in the circuit breakers and special shielding of control cables. This paper describes the design of the substation and the tests performed before commissioning the capacitor banks.

Fogarty, R.P.; Halleran, T.M.; Laskowski, L.M.; Mark, D.A. (Consolidated Edison Co. of New York, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The Functional Design on Fault Recorder of µC / OS-II-based Intelligent Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regarding the functional requirements for smart substation in fault recorder, this paper introduced µC / OSII, an embedded real-time multitasking operating system as the functional design. The program works with the embedded operating system, the ... Keywords: intelligent substation, fault recorder, embedded operating systems, the ?C / OS-II, state machine

Zhang Yihui; Hu Wenqiang; Liu Shiming; Wang Huabin; Zhang Haiyan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation applications are being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation serves as a handy tool for substation automation related studies. Index Terms--Alternative Transient the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, it is desirable to introduce more automated functions

220

Requirements Specification for and Evaluation of an Automated Substation Monitoring System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, without to much disruption in power supply to the users, Equipment Condition Monitoring (ECM) has to beRequirements Specification for and Evaluation of an Automated Substation Monitoring System Mladen for the Automated Analysis Substation System (AASS) implemented at Texas A&M University, aimed at monitoring

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Integrating modified Delphi method with fuzzy AHP for optimal power substation location selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaluation and selection of power substation location is an important strategic decision making problem for both public and private sector. The multi-dimensional, multi-criteria nature of the power substation location problem limits the usefulness of any particular single objective model. Studies have shown that electromagnetic radiations emanating from the high voltage lines and substations, pose serious adverse health consequences to living beings. In this study, social, technological, economical, environmental and site characteristics factors and sub criteria, have been derived to make the optimal power substation location selection decision more realistic and effectual. In this paper, an improved and more appropriate power substation location evaluation and selection model has been developed by integrating Modified Delphi method with Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP). A numerical example is presented to show applicability and performance of the proposed methodology followed by a sensitivity analysis to discuss and explain the results.

Golam Kabir; M. Ahsan Akhtar Hasin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Power substation location selection using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and PROMETHEE: A case study from Bangladesh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electromagnetic radiations emanating from the high voltage lines and substations pose serious adverse health consequences to living beings. As a result, selection of power substation location is an important strategic decision-making problem for both public and private sectors. In general, many conflicting factors affect the appropriate substation location selection problem which adheres to uncertain and imprecise data. In this paper, a simple, systematic and logical scientific approach is structured to evaluate power substation location through integrating Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) with the Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluations (PROMETHEE). The proposed integrated approach provides more realistic and reliable results, and facilitates the decision-maker to handle multiple contradictory decision perspectives through eliminating the limitations of FAHP and PROMETHEE methods. To accredit the proposed model, it is implemented in a power substation location selection problem in Bangladesh.

Golam Kabir; Razia Sultana Sumi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Commercial & Industrial Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

224

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

225

Conformational Switching between Protein Substates Studied with 2D IR Vibrational Echo Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conformational Switching between Protein Substates Studied with 2D IR Vibrational Echo Spectroscopy. Three conformational substates have been identified for the carbonmonoxy form of myoglobin (Mb vibrational echo chemical exchange experiments are used to observed switching between two of these substates

Fayer, Michael D.

226

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, VOL. 10, NO. 3, MARCH 2002 137 Substate Tying With Combined Parameter Training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, VOL. 10, NO. 3, MARCH 2002 137 Substate Tying. To facilitate tying at the substate level, the state emission proba- bilities are constructed in two stages or exploits Gaussian density sharing and substate tying. Another approach to enhance model training

California at Santa Barbara, University of

227

Studies of parallelism in distribution networks served by different-source substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the fact that the distribution systems usually operate radially, there is the possibility of changing the topology by opening or closing the switching equipment [1]. This change can occur in two situations. In the first one, when one tries to optimize the configuration of the electric network, aiming to achieve lower voltage drop and loss indices, as well an increased reliability. In the second one, when one needs to transfer load from a feeder to another, as result of some contingency or a planned disconnection. In both situations, one has to take into account that multiple switchings in the networks can cause some disconnections for customers, during a short period of time, especially when the feeders are served by different-source substations. These interruptions cause undesirable energy continuity levels for customers, who are more demanding in relation to the electric power supply quality. This context has motivated this paper, whose proposal is the development of a methodology to analyze the technical feasibility of parallelisms in distribution networks by using the Alternative Transient Program (ATP), thus avoiding disconnections for customers. As a result, case studies in AES Sul's concession area, power distribution utility, will be presented.

D.P. Bernardon; L. Comassetto; F.D. Veiga; L.N. Canha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A comparative study on substation types and network layouts in connection with low-energy district heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study deals with low-energy District Heating (DH) networks operating in low temperatures such as 55 °C in terms of supply and 25 °C in terms of return. The network layout, additional booster pumps, and different substation types such as storage tanks either equipped or not equipped in domestic hot water production site were examined. Effects of booster pumps on pipe dimensions in the latter case were investigated. Temperature drops during the summer months due to low heat demands of consumers were explored. Use of approaches such as looped networks and branched network layouts with bypasses for end-consumers were also studied, heat loss from these networks and the drop in temperature in the heat-carrier-supply medium being compared.

Hakan ?brahim Tol; Svend Svendsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Daily load profile and monthly power peaks evaluation of the urban substation of the capital of Jordan Amman  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hourly recorded power of an urban substation of the National Electric Power Company (NEPCO) in the capital of Jordan Amman is used to calculate the diversity and conversion factors of the substation. These factors are used to estimate the daily load power profile and the monthly peak power of the substation. The results show that the conversion factors are almost independent of the number of feeders in the substation, while the diversity factors vary in substations that have six feeders or less. The results show a good correlation between the estimated and actual recorded data of the daily load profile with less than 5% percentage error.

Nabeel I.A. Tawalbeh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Canby Area Service Project : Substation and Associated Transmission Line : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp's substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC's Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC's substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA's proposed action is intended to meet SVEC's increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC's increasing energy load by tapping into BPA's existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC's Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no environmental impact statement'' is not required.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Canby Area Service Project substation and associated transmission line. Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp`s substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC`s Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC`s substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA`s proposed action is intended to meet SVEC`s increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC`s increasing energy load by tapping into BPA`s existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC`s Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no ``environmental impact statement`` is not required.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Microsoft Word - Ringold Substation Upgrade CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1, 2011 1, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum Myra Lovell - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Ringold Substation Structure Replacement Project Budget Information: Work Order # 00272078 Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B4.6 "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities..." Location: Franklin County, Washington - Township 12 North, Range 29 East, Section 26 of the Basin City Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace the single pole structure 8/9 of the Benton-Scooteney No. 1 115-kV transmission line, the attached vertically mounted disconnect switch,

233

Microsoft Word - CX-ColumbiaREADaytonSubstationTap_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, 2011 7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mike Normandeau Customer Account Executive - PSE-SPOKANE Proposed Action: Columbia Rural Electric Association (Columbia REA) Dayton Substation Tap Line Project Budget Information: Work Order 00118303, Task 17 PP&A Project No.: PP&A 2089 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.12: Construction of electric power lines approximately 10 miles in length or less that are not for the integration of major new generation resources into a main transmission system. Location: Dayton, Columbia County, Washington Township 10 North, Range 39 East, Sections 14-17, 20 & 24 Township 10 North, Range 40 East, Sections 19 & 30

234

Microsoft Word - CX-Covington_Substation_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Harvey Schowe Harvey Schowe Project Manager - TESF-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Installation of new water system (potable and fire suppression) to entire Covington Complex PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1601 Budget Information: Work Order # 00257082 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions/modifications to electric power transmission facilities within previously developed area. Location: Covington Substation in King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: In order to provide adequate potable and fire-suppression water to buildings within the Covington Complex, BPA proposes to install approximately 1,500 feet of new potable water line and fire main line. One trench will be dug at a depth of 4-5 feet to carry both new pipes for the

235

Environmental noise of a nuclear power plant and its substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to fulfill government requirements for construction of a nuclear power plant an environmental noiseimpact as?assessment has been conducted. Ambient noise was measured continuously for 24 hour periods at the plant and substation sites and in the vicinity. Week long surveys were performed in each of the four seasons. A statistical interpretation of construction noise accounts for variability of construction equipment usage its location and range of sound pressure levels. Histograms of construction noise and measured ambient noise are added to obtain the statistical representation of the predicted construction ambient noise. Operational noise of the plant is similarly predicted. The predicted noise contours of both operation and construction noise are formulated on the topographic maps. Meteorologic and topographic effects on the noise data are discussed.

E. E. Dennison; R. E. Maier; J. W. McGaughey; S. P. Ying

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Microsoft Word - Cascade Networks Allston Substation LURR CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

15, 2011 15, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum Harold Grappe - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Cascade Networks, Inc. LURR at Allston Substation Budget Information: Work Order # 00275035 Task 03 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems, data processing equipment, and similar electronic equipment." B4.7 "Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures..." Location: Section 10, Township 7 North, Range 3 West of the Delena Quadrangle located in Columbia County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to grant Cascade Networks, Inc. permission to

237

HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear detonation in or above the earth`s atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T & D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. [BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear detonation in or above the earth's atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Characterization of ferroresonant modes in HV substation with CB grading capacitors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports a ferroresonant experience involving inductive voltage transformers (VT's) in a 400 kV substation equipped with circuit breaker grading capacitors. Field measurements are presented and compared with ATP/EMTP simulation results, showing very good agreement. A parametric analysis has been performed to investigate the effect of the substation capacitance on the occurrence of ferroresonance. Fundamental frequency and sub-harmonic ferroresonant modes have been identified and compiled in a bifurcation diagram. The methodology presented can be used to create risk maps of avoidable switching operations or substation configurations.

M. Val Escudero; I. Dudurych; M.A. Redfern

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Optimal location and sizing of HV/MV substations in uncertainty load environment using genetic algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper a novel approach for optimal location, sizing and determining the service areas of HV/MV substations in a long-range planning period using pseudodynamic methodology is presented. Costs of equipment, areas, cables in MV side and power loss are considered in cost function. Uncertainty in loads is modeled using LR fuzzy numbers in load points. For optimization procedure, genetic algorithm with a new coding is used. Load points splitting in each area between substations and infeasibility solutions are considered in search procedure. Based on this, a software was developed and integrated into an optimization tool for substation allocation. The software was applied in many cases with satisfactory results.

M.R Haghifam; M Shahabi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in a Memphis Electric substation. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in an electric substation in Memphis, Tennessee. These include the pothead structure, 115 kv switch structure, 97 kv lightning arresters, control house, capacitor banks, 115/12 kv transformers, 12 kv regulators, 115 kv oil circuit breakers, and 12 kv oil circuit breakers. The results from this fragility analysis provide the expected performance of equipment and structures in a substation. They can also be used to evaluate the seismic performance of the entire electric substation and to perform a system reliability analysis of the electric transmission system.

Huo, J.R.; Hwang, H.H.M.

1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

242

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard Description of Proposed Action: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to expand the current yard to accommodate an additional bay for a dedicated electrical feed to a future oil pumping station that will be part of the Keystone XL project. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 10210410 Subpmi D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021AI0(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

243

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to expand the existing Ault SUbstation and add electrical equipment. The expansion would be within the existing fee-owned land. B. Number and Title of Categorical Excluison Being Applied . B4.11: Construction of electric power substations (including switching stations and support facilities) with power deliver at 230-kV or below, or modification (other than voltage increases) of existing sutstations and support facilities .. .. C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (Refer to full text in regulation ). (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B to Subpart D. For classes of actions, listed in Appendix B, the following conditions are

244

Microsoft Word - CX-SnoKingSubstationExpansionFY12_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Michael Marleau Michael Marleau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Sno-King Substation Expansion Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B4.11 Electric power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Bothell, Snohomish County, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to expand its Sno-King Substation's fenced electrical yard by approximately 0.2 acres to accommodate new equipment. The substation expansion is necessary to make room for the addition of a back-up 500/230-kV power transformer, which BPA can energize in the event of a primary transformer failure. The additional transformer will increase the safety and reliability of the system.

245

Generalized charge simulation method for the calculation of the electric field in high voltage substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the calculation of the electric field strength in high voltage (HV) substations comprising complex geometrical structures. Generalized charge simulation ... is to examine the influence of to...

Aleksandar Rankovi?; Milan S. Savi?

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A methodology for performance and compatibility evaluation of an all-digital substation protection system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

whether to operate associated circuit breaker(s). Existing protection systems within a substation are based on a hardwired interface between instrument transformers and protective relays. Recent development of electronic instrument transformers...

Portillo Urdaneta, Levi

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

247

Synchrophasor Measurement Using Substation Intelligent Electronic Devices: Algorithms and Test Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation studies the performance of synchrophasor measurement obtained using substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and proposes new algorithms and test methodology to improve and verify their performance when used in power system...

Ren, Jinfeng

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

248

An Integrative Approach to Reliability Analysis of an IEC 61850 Digital Substation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, reliability evaluation of substation automation systems has received a significant attention from the research community. With the advent of the concept of smart grid, there is a growing trend to integrate more computation...

Zhang, Yan 1988-

2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Study on integrated automation system of traction substation for express railway lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure and function of integrated automation system of traction substation for express electric railway lines developed by our university are discussed in this paper. The paper mainly describes the function installation of monitoring and communication ...

Gao Shibin; Chen Xiaochuan; Wang Qian; Wang Ren; Chen Weirong; Xiong Liebin

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

EPON’s Research on Transmission of Sampling Value in Process Level of Digital Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Non-conventional instrument transformers and optical fiber communication are utilized in secondary system of digital substation. Sampling value signals are transmitted to Merging ... Finally, the deployment of EP...

Qiu Ming-yi; Xu Xi-dong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Modelling and analysis of protection and control applications in smart substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The real-time transaction processing was a key and challenging technology to protect systems from various failures in smart substation. This paper introduces the time critical communication between the protection and control devices and the primary apparatuses in three-level communication network architecture based on IEC61850, and analyses the process of information exchange and delay requirement of Protection and Control (P&C) applications between level and level, bay and bay, station and station in smart substation. The generic model of the P&C applications was modelling by latency requirement on OPNET, then the simulation and discussion on using those models to construct IEC61850 network validated the real-time of the application model. In the meantime, the delay performance of the P&C application is analysed in scenarios multiple services sharing substation network, which is an attempt to discuss the possibility of establishing a smart substation network simulation platform on OPNET.

Xingyong Yu; Jiang Yu; Jun Chang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Design of the Wireless Temperature Measurement Alarming System in the High-Voltage Transformer Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to electric power overload and equipment aging, fire and explosion occur at transmission circuitry joints in high-voltage transformer substation caused by high temperatures accumulated at these...

Qiang Gao; Hongli Wang; Huaxiang Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Near field coupling to shielded cable due to switching operation in substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is vital to study the electromagnetic coupling to shielded cable for improving electromagnetic antiinterference ability of secondary equipment in a substation. As a hybrid of method of moment ... shielded cabl...

Lei Qi; Xiang Cui

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A simple approach to improve lightning performance of an uprated substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple method to minimize lightning surges entering an uprated or compact substation. A severe lightning stress is caused by a backflashover in close proximity to the substation. Feasibility of uprating is based on the surge arrester technology available at present. However, some aspects of line design offer opportunities in reducing frequency and severity of lightning surges imposed on the substation. The tower surge response adds an inductive overshoot only during the front of the stroke which reduces considerably during the tail. If backflashover does not occur before reflections from adjacent towers arrive, it is unlikely to occur at all. Use of guys and underbuilt ground wires in the limiting distance will produce reflections with larger magnitude and reduce the effective surge impedance of the tower. This would not only reduce backflashover frequency but will also minimize crest and duration of surges entering the substation.

Harrington, R.J.; Mueen, M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science] [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

An Adaptive Fast Multipole Higher Order Boundary Element Method for Power Frequency Electric Field of Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An adaptive fast multipole higher order boundary element method combining fast multipole (FM) with a higher order boundary element method is studied to solve the power frequency electric field (PFEF) of substations. In this new technique, the iterative equation solver GMRES is used in the FM, where matrix-vector multiplications are calculated using fast multipole expansions. The coefficients in the preconditioner for GMRES are stored and are used repeatedly in the direct evaluations of the near-field contributions. Then a 500kV outdoor substation is modeled and the PFEF of the substation is analyzed by the novel algorithm and other conventional methods. The results show that, in computational cost and the storages capability aspects, the algorithm proposed in this study has obvious advantages. It is suitable for the calculation of the large-scale PFEF in complex substations and the design of electromagnetic compatibility.

Zhang Zhan-Long; Deng Jun; Xiao Dong-Ping; He Wei; Tang Ju

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Application Analysis on EPON Technology Applied in Communication System of Smart Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper pointed out the problem that cost of communication equipments such as industrial Ethernet switch used to build the communication system of smart substation is excessively high, Analyzed the characteri...

Wei Yong; Xu Wei-guo; Zhang Yong-li…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

THURSDAY: Deputy Secretary of Energy to Visit Western Area Power Administration Transmission Substation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall will visit the Western Area Power Administration for a ceremony at the Electrical District No. 5 Substation to view progress on the Electrical District 5-to-Palo Verde transmission project.

258

A probabilistic method for establishing the transformer capacity reserve criteria for HV/MV substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides an extension of methods for computing reliability indices for substations which takes into account the permissible overload of the power transformer, the daily load cycle and emergency loading. Based on the reliability indices derived in this paper it is possible to determine a reliability criterion for the rating of the substation, the number of transformers and the reserve factor required, which have traditionally been based on conservative deterministic criteria.

Elmakis, D.; Braunstein, A.; Naot, Y.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Report of Progress with Citrus Fruits at the Beeville Sub-Station, Bee County.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

65-109-5m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. -T- I . ! '? . ........ ?' ? r ; 'V ? J 'V ? ? ? BULLETIN NO. 118. February, 1 9 0 9 . REPORT Of PROGRESS WITH CITRUS FRUITS AT THE BEEVILLE SUB-STATION, BEE COUNTY S. A. WASCHKA................. ................................Stenographer. A. S. F IB5 mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm mmmmmmmmmmmmmmm STATE SUBSTATIONS. H. H. R IBBC8 -1X8 mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmDirector. W. S. R X1uoMCPP0 Superintendent...

Waschka, S. A.

1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cotton Variety Experiments, 1912-1920, Substation No. 7, Spur, Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS A6RICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 288 FEBRUARY, 1922 DIVISION OF COTTON BREEDING COTTON VARIETY EXPERIMENTS, 1912-1920, SUBSTATION NO. 7, SPUR, TEXAS B..., Sorl Survegor H. V. GEIB, B. S., Soil Surveyor FEED CONTROL SERVICE B YOUNGBLOOD Ph D Director F.' D. FULLER, M. s.; ~xicf Inspecfor S. D. PEARCE, Inspector J. H. ROGERS, Inspecfor W. H. WOOD, Inspector SUBSTATIONS l%. 'l. Beeville Bee County...

Freeman, George Fouche; Dickson, R. E

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Progress Report of Substation No. 3, Angleton, Texas, 1909-1914.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 197 NOVEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT OF SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. +sB AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916.... [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS A(;RICULTURAl, EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 197 NOVEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT OF SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS N. E. WINTERS, B. S., SUPERINTENDENT POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS...

Winters, N. E. (Nathaniel Elmer)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Progress Report, Texas Substation No. 6, Denton, Texas, 1909-14.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916.... [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS V. L. CORY, B. S. . SUPERINTENDENT , . POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY...

Cory, V. L. (Vivian L.)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Variable Voltage Substation Electric Fire and Emergency Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Variable Voltage Substation Electric Fire and Emergency Response My question is from an emergency response perspective. You stated that it took ~ ½ for electricians to de-energize the electrical components before firefighters were allowed in to fight the fire. This delay causes more damage to equipment and potential propagation of the fire. Is there not a “master” breaker or switch? You’ve brought up a very good point. It gave me a good opportunity to discuss this with our Facilities Department and get a better understanding of the infrastructure upgrade plans. The direct answer to your question is “Yes, but…” Yes, there are “master” breakers and switches, but we can’t control them remotely. SLAC’s AC electrical distribution system at present is manual breakers – we have not installed the infrastructure to remotely control them (except see below). We recently underwent an upgrade to our Master Substation that will allow us to remotely control some high voltage breakers in the future, but we aren’t there yet. We do recognize the value in having this capability (and more importantly, our vulnerability in NOT having it), and have begun the preliminary planning to make this happen. One issue were are working on is cyber security for the power distribution networked infrastructure. Before we install the capability to remotely control the main electrical breakers, we are planning the infrastructure with our Information Technologies organization to ensure we have a robust secure network that is protected from unauthorized access. Once the cyber security issues are addressed and funded, we’re probably 5-10 years out from having remote operation capability due to limited resources to fund and install the infrastructure. Having said the above, we do have the capability of remotely opening the VVS Secondary Main Breakers – the ones that send power to the modulator distribution breakers - from our control room. Those breakers are integral parts of our safety systems in that interlock violation causes the breakers to open and remove power to the klystrons. But everything else is manual only. That remote operation capability would not have helped us in this case, as the VVS Secondary Main Breaker was the one that fried. We needed to open the breaker upstream of the VVS. Thanks for your interest. Let me know if I can provide further information.

264

Impact of electric vehicles on distribution substations: A Swiss case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An increasing number of electric vehicles (EVs) will have a significant impact on the electricity grids. For target grid planning, it is essential to identify and quantify this impact in terms of local infrastructure overloads. We study the impact of EV charging loads on Swiss distribution substations under different penetration levels and pricing regimes. Unlike mainly conceptual studies focusing on generic distribution grids, we use real data—driving profiles matched to regional circumstances, Swiss substation capacity and load data in the high-voltage grid together with electricity prices—as the main data inputs. To reflect current regulation and contracting schemes, we apply decentral decision-making instead of central control. The results indicate that under a flat electricity tariff and EV penetration levels around 16% the current substation capacity will be sufficient to cover additional EV charging load. However, beyond penetration levels of 50% an increasing number of substations will be overloaded. More significantly, the introduction of dynamic electricity prices can further increase the risk of substation overloads. These results show that EV charging loads can also cause bottlenecks on substations in the high-voltage grid.

Florian Salah; Jens P. Ilg; Christoph M. Flath; Hauke Basse; Clemens van Dinther

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Electrical substation service-area estimation using Cellular Automata: An initial report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The service areas for electric power substations can be estimated using a Cellular Automata (CA) model. The CA model is a discrete, iterative process whereby substations acquire service area by claiming neighboring cells. The service area expands from a substation until a neighboring substation service area is met or the substation`s total capacity or other constraints are reached. The CA-model output is dependent on the rule set that defines cell interactions. The rule set is based on a hierarchy of quantitative metrics that represent real-world factors such as land use and population density. Together, the metrics determine the rate of cell acquisition and the upper bound for service area size. Assessing the CA-model accuracy requires comparisons to actual service areas. These actual service areas can be extracted from distribution maps. Quantitative assessment of the CA-model accuracy can be accomplished by a number of methods. Some are as simple as finding the percentage of cells predicted correctly, while others assess a penalty based on the distance from an incorrectly predicted cell to its correct service area. This is an initial report of a work in progress.

Fenwick, J.W.; Dowell, L.J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center Technical Advisory Group Meeting August 31, 2007 10:30 AM - Noon Meeting Agenda * Introductions (10 minutes) * Main Presentation (~ 1 hour) * Questions, comments from panel (15 minutes) Project History * Lighting Scoping Study (completed January 2007) - Identified potential for energy and demand savings using demand responsive lighting systems - Importance of dimming - New wireless controls technologies * Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) Objectives * Provide up-to-date information on the reliability, predictability of dimmable lighting as a demand resource under realistic operating load conditions * Identify potential negative impacts of DR lighting on lighting quality Potential of Demand Responsive Lighting Control

267

Data:C7eb2d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Service - between 200kW and 1,000kW Demand Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Transformer Ownership Discount: Customers who own and maintain their own transformers or substations shall be given a credit of $0.25 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation equipment is subject to utility inspection and approval.

268

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response:both the avoided energy costs (and demand charges) as wellCoordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response,

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Development of an embedded system actuator node for intergration into an IEC 61850 based substation automation application.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The introduction of the IEC 61850 standard in substations for communication networks and systems by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 2003 provided the possibility… (more)

Retonda-Modiya, John-Charly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The influence of tropical operating conditions on the AC and impulse breakdown strength in gas insulated substation (GIS):.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The ambient conditions could influence the breakdown strength of gas insulated substation. It is important to check if this influence will put the GIS into… (more)

Sihombing, H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benefits of Demand Side Management (DSM) are insufficient toefficiency, demand side management (DSM) cost effectivenessResearch Center Demand Side Management Demand Side Resources

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Specialized micro grid (IDAPS) for intelligently managing customer-owned DER's  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical power system is an enabling infrastructure that supports the operation of other critical infrastructures and thus the economic well being of a nation. It is, therefore, very important to design for resiliency and autonomous reconfigurability ... Keywords: intelligent distributed autonomous power system (IDAPS), intelligent micro grid, web based technology

Jarupula Somlal

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis November 01, 2013 Enzymes are great biocatalysts, and have attracted significant interest for industrial applications (including cellulosic ethanol) due to their remarkable catalytic efficiencies. The understanding of factors that enable enzymes to achieve the high catalytic efficiency will have large impact through design of new and powerful biocatalysts. Unfortunately, the understanding of these factors have largely remain a mystery so far. Using joint computational-experimental methodology we have developed a unique technique named quasi-anharmonic analysis (QAA) for identification of conformational diversity and conformational sub-states associated with enzyme function. As a result of this approach we have been able to develop

274

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

275

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation 00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

276

Microsoft Word - CX-Marion and Sand Springs Substation Towers Revised.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KEC-4 KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dave Tripp Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Marion and Sand Springs Substations Radio Tower Projects Budget Information: Work Orders 00243411 and 00243190; Task 3 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Siting, construction, and operation of microwave and radio communication towers and associated facilities... Location: Marion and Deschutes counties, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to install new radio towers at the Marion Substation and Sand Springs Substation communication sites in Oregon. BPA must vacate radio frequencies in the 1710-1755MHz band to comply with a Federal law mandating reallocation of

277

Control of offshore marine substation for grid-connection of a wave power farm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To grid-connect an offshore wave power farm, an intermediate marine substation is suggested. As a part of the Uppsala University wave power project, a marine substation has been designed, assembled and deployed at sea. The substation is capable of connecting up to seven wave energy converters (WECs), and to transfer the power to the onshore 1 kV-grid. In this article, the control procedure for grid connection of the \\{WECs\\} is described step-by-step, and the practical implementations are presented. The system is designed with autonomous control and will connect or disconnect the WECs, depending on the sea state. Fault handling is taken into account, and grid power quality such as harmonic distortion and flicker are considered in the design. Experimental results are presented to verify the system functionalities.

Rickard Ekström; Mats Leijon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Design of active loops for magnetic field mitigation in MV/LV substation surroundings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper deals with the application and optimization of active loops for the mitigation of the magnetic field generated by complex sources, especially MV/LV substations. Various active-loop configurations are proposed, which are analyzed in several regions located close to a particular MV/LV substation, and the optimum geometry and location of the loops are obtained together with the optimum current (magnitude and phase) to be injected into the loops. All this is performed by means of a genetic algorithm in order to reduce the average magnetic field inside the target volume (inspection volume) to the minimum. The performance of the proposed active loops is compared with that obtained via other well-known mitigation technique, such as conductive/ferromagnetic passive shields. The main results are analyzed, and the differences, in terms of performance, between the two shielding techniques, and their proper application to MV/LV substations, are highlighted.

Juan Carlos del-Pino-López; Luca Giaccone; Aldo Canova; Pedro Cruz-Romero

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Power Evaluation of Jakarta DC Railway Substation to Meet 1.2 Million Passengers Per Day  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Jakarta is a metropolitan city that continues to strive to develop the capacity of its mass transport as other large cities in the world, primarily the development of the rail-based transportation. Indonesia Railway Company (PT Kereta Api (Persero)) had forecasted that there will be 1.2 million passengers per day on Jakarta in 2019. To meet these targets, it is necessary to adequate the infrastructure planning, especially the capacity of the DC substations which supply the electric power to the trains. This paper will demonstrate the strategy used to determine the point of placement of new DC substation and/or existing DC substation upgrades throughout the Jakarta area from 2013 to 2019. The current railway timetable and the future pattern of railway operation plan are used to predict the possibilities of peak load spots along the track.

Yanuarsyah Haroen; Tri Desmana Rachmildha; M. Ikhsan; M. Ivan Fikriadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Integrating fuzzy AHP with TOPSIS method for optimal power substation location selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electromagnetic radiations emanating from the high voltage lines and substations pose serious adverse health consequences to living beings. As a result, evaluation and selection of power substation location is an important strategic decision making problem for both public and private sector. In this paper, fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) has been integrated with technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) method to develop an improved and more appropriate power substation location evaluation and selection model considering social, technological, economical, environmental and site characteristics factors and sub criteria. The proposed decision-making approach takes advantage of the synergy between these two well-known multi-criteria analysis (MCA) methods. A numerical example is presented to show applicability and performance of the proposed methodology followed by a sensitivity analysis to discuss and explain the results.

Golam Kabir; M. Ahsan Akhtar Hasin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Microsoft Word - Chenoweth-Substation-3G-RS-CX.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4, 2010 4, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Creig Millen Project Manager - TEC-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Chenoweth Substation 3G Radio Station Project Budget Information: Work Order 00197213, Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Siting, construction, and operation of microwave and radio communication towers and associated facilities... Location: Wasco County, Oregon (T2N, R13E, Sections 21and 28) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to construct a 120-foot radio tower and antenna system at BPA's Chenoweth Substation in Wasco County, Oregon. The new tower will require a 20 x 20 foot expansion of the existing substation yard and will replace an existing 50-foot monopole

282

Mass Market Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response Mass Market Demand Response Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: July 24, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Demand response programs are often quickly and poorly crafted in reaction to an energy crisis and disappear once the crisis subsides, ensuring that the electricity system will be unprepared when the next crisis hits. In this paper, we propose to eliminate the event-driven nature of demand response programs by considering demand responsiveness a component of the utility obligation to serve. As such, demand response can be required as a condition of service, and the offering of demand response rates becomes a requirement of utilities as an element of customer service. Using this foundation, we explore the costs and benefits of a smart thermostat-based demand response system capable of two types of programs: (1) a mandatory,

283

Demand Response Assessment INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Assessment INTRODUCTION This appendix provides more detail on some of the topics raised in Chapter 4, "Demand Response" of the body of the Plan. These topics include 1. The features, advantages and disadvantages of the main options for stimulating demand response (price mechanisms

284

Study on Tubular Busbar Corona Design Optimization of ±660kV HVDC Converter Substation in Qingdao  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The HVDC busbar corona characteristic is the main factor taken into account for choosing busbar of HVDC converter substation. By establishing the calculation models of electric field strength along the busbar surface, ground total electric field strength ... Keywords: ±660 kV HVDC, converter substation, corona characteristics, electromagnetic, tubular busbar optimization

Xu Mingming; Li Kejun; Tan Zhenyu; Niu Lin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Substations reliability-centered maintenance and predictive maintenance - a strategic partnership  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A maintenance optimization study for substation components can be most effective when Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Analysis is combined with a Predictive Maintenance (PDM) Assessment. If the two processes are performed concurrently, the benefit-to-cost ratios for each is increased. Also, the cost of implementing RCM recommendations for condition monitoring can be minimized, while maximizing their impact at the same time. This paper presents the essential elements of both the RCM and PDM processes, and describes how they work together in a substation environment as a comprehensive maintenance assessment tool. Descriptions of recent experiences are also included.

Colsher, R.J. [Electric Power Research Institute, Eddystone, PA (United States); Abbott, P.D.; Matusheski, R.L. [EPRI & MD Center, Eddystone, PA (United States); Smith, S.B. [ERIN Engineering & Research, Walnut Creek, CA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

You will be hired in our Local Business Unit Substations (Power Systems Division) and, in the role of Service Sales Specialist, you will drive the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

You will be hired in our Local Business Unit Substations (Power Systems Division) and, in the role and profitability targets for Substations Systems Your contact: Veronica Meloni, Talent Acquisition Department professionals. Requirements You have at least 2 or 3 years experience in the Substations segment and you have

Segatti, Antonio

287

Structural Assignments and Dynamics of the A Substates of MbCO: Spectrally Resolved Vibrational Echo Experiments and Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural Assignments and Dynamics of the A Substates of MbCO: Spectrally Resolved Vibrational of the A1 and A3 spectroscopic substates in the IR spectrum of the carbon monoxide (CO) stretch of carbonmonoxymyoglobin (MbCO). The measured dephasing dynamics of these substates is compared to the dephasing dynamics

Fayer, Michael D.

288

Structure, Vol. 10, 5160, January, 2002, 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. PII S0969-2126(01)00699-2 Probing Substates in Sperm Whale Myoglobin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2126(01)00699-2 Probing Substates in Sperm Whale Myoglobin Using High-Pressure Crystallography that protein crystals do in the populations of conforma- tional substates. Furthermore, a novel high-pressure temperatures. Unlike in flash in the conformation of groups of atoms may be described by a simple isotropic expansion or com-mational substates

Phillips, George N. Jr.

289

A hybrid intelligent system for alarm processing in power distribution substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This application paper presents an intelligent system for alarm processing and fault location in power substations. A hybrid model is constructed using rule-based systems and an artificial neural network. Incoming alarms are initially handled by an input ... Keywords: Expert systems, fault location, neural networks

J. C. Stacchini de Souza; M. B. Do Coutto Filho; R. S. Freund

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Level 1 Accident Report of the March 1, 2010 Bobcat Fatality at BPA's White Bluffs Substation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On March 2, 2010 at the request of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Chief Safety Officer, a Level I Accident Investigation was convened to investigate an accident in which a supplemental labor contractor was fatally injured in a Bobcat/backhoe accident at the White Bluffs Substation near Richland, Washington on March 1, 2010.

291

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Supplemental Environmental Analysis, Schultz Substation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the purpose, function, and the environmental consequences of the proposed Schultz substation near Ellensburg, Washington. The affected environment is described in detail, including aerial survey photographs. The impacts on vegetation, fish and wildlife, soils, and water resources are described. (GHH)

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Implementation of superconducting fault current limiter for flexible operation in the power substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The concentration of large-scale power loads located in the metropolitan areas have resulted in high fault current levels during a fault thereby requiring the substation to operate in the double busbar configuration mode. However, the double busbar configuration mode results in deterioration of power system reliability and unbalanced power flow in the adjacent transmission lines which may result in issues such as overloading of lines. This paper proposes the implementation of the superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to be installed between the two substation busbars for a more efficient and flexible operation of the substation enabling both single and double busbar configurations depending on the system conditions for guaranteeing power system reliability as well as fault current limitations. Case studies are being performed for the effectiveness of the SFCL installation and results are compared for the cases where the substation is operating in single and double busbar mode and with and without the installation of the SFCL for fault current mitigation.

Chong Suk Song; Hansang Lee; Yoon-sung Cho; Jaewan Suh; Gilsoo Jang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Analysis on heat loss characteristics of a 10 kV HTS power substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A 10 kV High Temperature Superconducting power substation (10 kV HTS substation), supported by Chinese State 863 projects, was developed and has been running to supply power for several factories for more than two years at an industrial park of Baiyin, Gansu province in Northwest China. The system of the 10 kV HTS substation compositions, including a HTS cable, a HTS transformer, a SFCL, and a SMES, are introduced. The SMES works at liquid helium temperature and the other three apparatus operates under liquid nitrogen condition. There are mainly four types of heat losses existing in each HTS apparatus of the 10 kV HTS substation, including AC loss, Joule heat loss, conductive heat, and leak-in heat from cryostat. A small quantity of AC loss still exists due to the harmonic component of the current when it carries DC for HTS apparatus. The principle and basis for analysis of the heat losses are introduced and the total heat loss of each apparatus are calculated or estimated, which agree well with the test result. The analysis and result presented are of importance for the design of the refrigeration system.

Yuping Teng; Shaotao Dai; Naihao Song; Jingye Zhang; Zhiyuan Gao; Zhiqin Zhu; Weiwei Zhou; Zhourong Wei; Liangzhen Lin; Liye Xiao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Design of Substation Avalanche Test System Based on B Code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a substation avalanche test system which is based on B code. The system supports simultaneous operation of multiple remote signaling and can ensure the synchronization and accuracy of time's movement. Using platform of ARM9 hardware ... Keywords: B code, time synchronization system, avalanche tested, embedded operating system

Guo Ying, Liu Nan

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Demand response enabling technology development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Enabling Technology Development Phase IEfficiency and Demand Response Programs for 2005/2006,Application to Demand Response Energy Pricing” SenSys 2003,

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F) Enhanced ACP Date RAA ACP Demand Response – SpinningReserve Demonstration Demand Response – Spinning Reservesupply spinning reserve. Demand Response – Spinning Reserve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Cross-sector Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

298

Demand Response Programs for Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Programs for Oregon Utilities Public Utility Commission May 2003 Public Utility ....................................................................................................................... 1 Types of Demand Response Programs............................................................................ 3 Demand Response Programs in Oregon

299

Demand response enabling technology development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behavior in developing a demand response future. Phase_II_Demand Response Enabling Technology Development Phase IIYi Yuan The goal of the Demand Response Enabling Technology

Arens, Edward; Auslander, David; Huizenga, Charlie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fully-Automated Demand Response Test in Large Facilities14in DR systems. Demand Response using HVAC in Commercialof Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities”

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Demand Response In California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the demand response in California and is given at the FUPWG 2006 Fall meeting, held on November 1-2, 2006 in San Francisco, California.

302

Energy Demand Forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents alternative approaches used in forecasting energy demand and discusses their pros and cons. It... Chaps. 3 and 4 ...

S. C. Bhattacharyya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot 43.8kV Transmission Line. Description of Proposed Action: The Central Power Electric Cooperative (Central Power) is proposing a new substation near Elliot, ND to be owned and operated by Western under Western's Valley City to Forman 115kV transmission line in addition to 8 miles of new 43.8kV transmission line to connect the new substation to Dakota Valley Electric's (a Central Power member) North Milnor substation. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.l1: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with

304

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

305

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar controllable shunting reactor in the Tavricheskaya substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar magnetization-controllable shunting reactor (CSR), set up in the Tavricheskaya substation, including measurements of the quality of the...

S. I. Gusev; V. N. Karpov; A. N. Kiselev; V. I. Kochkin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Coordination of a distribution level continuously controlled compensation device with existing substation equipment for long term VAR management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The implementation of a continuously controlled reactive compensation device, such as an SVC or a static condenser'' (STATCON), in a distribution-level substation provides opportunities to improve power quality and reliability due to the speed of response of such a device. Further benefits can be gained by coordinating the reactive compensation device and its related controls with other substation voltage control equipment, such as load tap changing (LTC) transformers and mechanically-switched capacitors. The results presented in this paper illustrate the impact that a [+-] 12 Mvar STATCON can have on a 150 MW, 12.5 kV load bus, in the Commonwealth Edison power system. Three control concepts for various levels of integration of the substation STATCON, LTCs, and mechanically-switched capacitors are presented. With broader application of SVCs and STATCONs at distribution substations, various other control strategies may also evolve.

Paserba, J.J.; Leonard, D.J.; Miller, N.W. (GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.); Lauby, M.G. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)); Naumann, S.T. (Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago, IL (United States)); Sener, F.P. (PHE Consulting, Brecksville, OH (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The design, implementation and testing of data gathering instrumentation for measurement of electromagnetic interference in electric power substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING OF DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENTATION FOR MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University... IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Approved as to style and content by: B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee) A. K. A IM Sallie She p rd (Member) August 1983 ABSTRACT The Design, Implementation and Testing of Data...

Gerloff, Gary Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

308

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Demand Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Demand Module calculates energy consumption for the four Census Regions (see Figure 5) and disaggregates the energy consumption

309

demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

310

RTP Customer Demand Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new evidence on customer demand response to hourly pricing from the largest and...real-time pricing...(RTP) program in the United States. RTP creates value by inducing load reductions at times...

Steven Braithwait; Michael O’Sheasy

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

World Energy Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reliable forecast of energy resources, energy consumption, and population in the future is a ... So, instead of absolute figures about future energy demand and sources worldwide, which would become...3.1 correl...

Giovanni Petrecca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Transportation Demand This  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Transportation Demand Transportation Demand This page inTenTionally lefT blank 75 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Transportation Demand Module The NEMS Transportation Demand Module estimates transportation energy consumption across the nine Census Divisions (see Figure 5) and over ten fuel types. Each fuel type is modeled according to fuel-specific and associated technology attributes applicable by transportation mode. Total transportation energy consumption is the sum of energy use in eight transport modes: light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks), commercial light trucks (8,501-10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), freight trucks (>10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), buses, freight and passenger aircraft, freight

313

Microsoft Word - CX-BentonCoPUD-FinleySubstationMeterProject_FY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

John Roeder John Roeder Contractor - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Revenue Meter Replacement at Benton County Public Utility District's (PUD) Finley Substation PP&A Project No: 2594 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Location: Benton County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace an existing JEM1 revenue meter with a new JEMStar revenue meter within an existing meter rack at Benton County PUD's Finley Substation. BPA would own the rack and meter. No ground disturbance or alteration to the meter house would occur. Findings: BPA has determined that the proposed action complies with Section 1021.410 and

314

Microsoft Word - CX-DixieSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KEP-4 KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Dixie Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms. Location: PLS T1S R8E S1 Dixie Substation in Elmore County, Idaho.

315

A procedure for derating a substation transformer in the presence of widespread electric vehicle battery charging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of electric vehicle (EV) battery charging on a substation transformer that supplies commercial, residential, industrial, and EV load on a peak summer day. The analysis begins on modeling non-EV load with typical utility load shapes. EV load is modeled using the results from an analytical solution technique that predicts the net power and harmonic currents generated by a group of EV battery chargers. The authors evaluate the amount of transformer derating by maintaining constant daily transformer loss-of-life, with and without EV charging. This analysis shows that the time of day and the length of time during which the EVs begin charging are critical in determining the amount of transformer derating required. The results show that with proper control, EV charging may have very little effect on power system components at the substation level.

Staats, P.T.; Grady, W.M.; Arapostathis, A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Thallam, R.S. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)] [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Microsoft Word - CX-TaylorFlatsSubstationMeterFY13_WEB.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

25, 2013 25, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Bob Trisman Electrical Engineer - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Revenue meter replacement at Franklin County Public Utility District's (PUD) Taylor Flats Substation PP&A Project No: 2608 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Location: Franklin County, Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to remove the existing equipment and replace it with a new JEMSTAR revenue meter within BPA's existing meter rack inside Franklin County PUD's Taylor Flats Substation. No ground disturbance or alteration to the control house would occur.

317

Marys Lake 69/115-kV transmission line upgrade and substation expansion projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western Area Power Administration (Western) and the Platte River Power Authority (Platte River) propose to upgrade portions of the existing electric transmission and substation system that serves the Town of Estes Park, Colorado. The existing transmission lines between the Estes Power Plant Switchyard and the Marys Lake Substation include a 115,000 volt (115-kV) line and 69,000 volt (69-kV) line. Approximately one mile is a double-circuit 115/69-kV line on steel lattice structures, and approximately two miles consists of separate single-circuit 115-kV and a 69-kV lines, constructed on wood H-Frame structures. Both lines were constructed in 1951 by the US Bureau of Reclamation. The existing transmission lines are on rights-of-way (ROW) that vary from 75 feet to 120 feet and are owned by Western. There are 48 landowners adjacent to the existing ROW. All of the houses were built adjacent to the existing ROW after the transmission lines were constructed. Upgrading the existing 69-kV transmission line between the Marys Lake Substation and the Estes Power Plant Switchyard to 115-kV and expanding the Marys Lake Substation was identified as the most effective way in which to improve electric service to Estes Park. The primary purpose and need of the proposed project is to improve the reliability of electric service to the Town of Estes Park. Lack of reliability has been a historical concern, and reliability will always be less than desired until physical improvements are made to the electrical facilities serving Estes Park.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Western Area Power Administration (Western) – with USDA Forest Service, Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest, as a cooperating agency – is preparing an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to rebuild and upgrade two 115-kilovolt single-circuit transmission lines between the Flatiron Substation and the intersection of Mall Road and U.S. Highway 36 in Estes Park, Larimer County, Colorado. Additional information is available on Western’s project website.

319

Environmental Assessment of Proposed Lynch Creek Substation Project : Service to Eatonville and the Ohop Valley.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administation (BPA) proposes to construct 3.2 miles of 115-kV transmission line from a tap point on Tacoma City Light's Cowlitz-LaGrande 115-kV line to a new 115/12.5-kV, 15/20/25 MVA substation to be located about 1 mile northwest of Eatonville, adjacent to the Eatonville cutoff road. This plan was selected following initial consideration of five alternative plans for satisfying electrical needs in the project area and following agreement with BPA's customers on a vicinity for the substation site. The vicinity selected is midway between the two load centers and would require the least construction of distribution line. Subsequently, four alternative line routes and two substation sites have been evaluated. These alternatives provide a range of costs, engineering solutions, and potential environmental impacts. This evaluation led to the selection of one line route. This document describes possible environmental impacts of the proposed actions. 7 refs, 9 figs., 5 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The effect of magnetic field on optimal design of a rigid-bus substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substation rigid-bus design involves electrical, mechanical, and structural considerations. In order to integrate these considerations into one document, IEEE in cooperation with ANSI has issued a comprehensive guide for design of substation rigid-bus systems. The design process based on this guide involves substantial manual effort to integrate all types of calculations. This is particularly evident when the computations have to be repeated several times in order to arrive at a more economic design. In an earlier paper the authors presented a mathematical model and computer program which automates the design process. Recently there has been concern expressed about the possible biological effects of low level magnetic fields. In view of this, a new design constraint taking into account the limits imposed on the magnitude of the magnetic field can be added to the design guidelines. In this paper the authors introduce such a constraint and they show how the magnitude of allowable magnetic field at a specified distance from the station buses affects the optimal design of a rigid bus substation.

Anders, G.J.; Ford, G.L.; Horrocks, D.J. (Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis of the demand for oil in the Middle East. EnergyEstimates elasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline.World crude oil and natural gas: a demand and supply model.

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis of the demand for oil in the Middle East. EnergyEstimates elasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline.World crude oil and natural gas: a demand and supply model.

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Changing Energy Demand Behavior: Potential of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a great theoretical potential to save resources by managing our demand for energy. However, demand-side management (DSM) programs targeting behavioral patterns of...

Dr. Sylvia Breukers; Dr. Ruth Mourik…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No. ER06-615-000 CAISO Demand Response Resource User Guide -8 2.1. Demand Response Provides a Range of Benefits to8 2.2. Demand Response Benefits can be Quantified in Several

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

327

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 12 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS 27 data.

328

Residential Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Residential Demand Module The NEMS Residential Demand Module projects future residential sector energy requirements based on projections of the number of households and the stock, efficiency, and intensity of energy-consuming equipment. The Residential Demand Module projections begin with a base year estimate of the housing stock, the types and numbers of energy-consuming appliances servicing the stock, and the "unit energy consumption" (UEC) by appliance (in million Btu per household per year). The projection process adds new housing units to the stock, determines the equipment installed in new units, retires existing housing units, and retires and replaces appliances. The primary exogenous drivers for the module are housing starts by type

329

Demand Response In California  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency & Energy Efficiency & Demand Response Programs Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner California Public Utilities Commission California Public Utilities Commission FUPWG 2006 Fall Meeting November 2, 2006 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 1 Highest Priority Resource Energy Efficiency is California's highest priority resource to: Meet energy needs in a low cost manner Aggressively reduce GHG emissions November 2, 2006 2 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 3 http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/PUBLISHED/REPORT/51604.htm Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 4 Energy Action Plan II Loading order continued "Pursue all cost-effective energy efficiency, first." Strong demand response and advanced metering

330

On Demand Guarantees in Iran.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??On Demand Guarantees in Iran This thesis examines on demand guarantees in Iran concentrating on bid bonds and performance guarantees. The main guarantee types and… (more)

Ahvenainen, Laura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a 66 kV electrical substation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the award of a contract for the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a 66 kV electrical substation

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

An investigation approach to test protection intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) in IEC 61850 based substation automation systems (SAS) at station level.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis has developed a new approach to trace virtual protection signals in Electrical substation networks. The main goal of the research was to analyse… (more)

Nick, Shawn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Energy Demand Staff Scientist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Demand in China Lynn Price Staff Scientist February 2, 2010 #12;Founded in 1988 Focused on End-Use Energy Efficiency ~ 40 Current Projects in China Collaborations with ~50 Institutions in China Researcher #12;Talk OutlineTalk Outline · Overview · China's energy use and CO2 emission trends · Energy

Eisen, Michael

334

Energy Demand Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the end of World War II until the early 1970s there was a strong and steady increase in the demand for energy. The abundant supplies of fossil and other ... an actual fall in the real price of energy of abou...

S. L. Schwartz

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Microsoft Word - CX-HatwaiSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

18, 2011 18, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Hatwai Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to: switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms.

336

Comment on Relative Magnetic Substate Amplitudes in Foil Excitation of Fast Hydrogen Atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If the particle-foil interaction potential governing production of H atoms coherently excited by passage through thin foils obeys the LS coupling scheme applied by Macek (conservation of z components of total orbital and spin angular momenta of the entire particle-foil system, and incoherence of final states of foil constituents), the ad hoc assumption that random phases prevail among the hydrogenic magnetic substate amplitudes invoked in the interpretation of certain recent experiments is avoided. Arguments concerning relative phases of states of different orbital angular momentum are unaffected.

I. A. Sellin

1971-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

338

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Module calculates

339

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project FEIS Executive Summary ES-1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction Western Area Power Administration (Western), a power marketing administration within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is proposing to rebuild and upgrade the Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation transmission line in Grand County, Colorado (Grand County). This Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) analyzes the impacts associated with the proposal to remove approximately 13.6 miles of 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line, construct approximately

340

Microsoft Word - NEPA_CX_Acquisition_of_OTEC_Disconnect_Switch_LaGrand_Substation_05-08-2012.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Kelly Miller Kelly Miller Project Manager - TG-DITT-2 Proposed Action: BPA Acquisition of OTEC Disconnect Switch at the BPA LaGrande Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B 1.24 Property Transfer Location: BPA LaGrande Substation, in the City of LaGrande, Union County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to purchase the 230-kilovolt (kV) main bus disconnect switch (MB A-270) that is currently installed and operating within the BPA LaGrande Substation. The disconnect switch is owned by the Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative (OTEC). On October 7, 2011, the manager of engineering for OTEC requested that BPA purchase the disconnect switch. The disconnect switch is the only piece of equipment within

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-96) Snohomish District Substations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6) 6) - Snohomish District Substations Dennis Sjoquist - TFN/Snohomish Snohomish Regional Manager Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following facilities located in the Snohomish District: Bellingham Custer Fidalgo Intalco Lopez Island Monroe Murray, V.M. Snohomish Snoking Whatcom Whatcom Skagit Whatcom San Juan Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bareground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Snohomish District of the Snohomish Region. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities.

342

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-94) Covington District Substations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4) 4) - Covington District Substations Dennis Sjoquist - TFN/Snohomish Snohomish Regional Manager Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following facilities located in the Covington District: Covington Echo Lake Lynch Creek Maple Valley Narrows Raver, P.J. South Tacoma Steilacoom Surprise Lake Tacoma King King Pierce King Pierce King Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bareground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Covington District of the Snohomish Region. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities.

343

Measurement system design and implementation for grid-connected marine substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A marine substation for a grid-connected wave power plant has been designed and constructed at Uppsala University. The measurement system for the substation has been developed from basics, and the procedure is described in this article. Subsea electrical installations set high constraints on the control and data acquisition systems used, and traditional GSM networks and GPS time synchronization are difficult and inefficient. These circumstances exclude many well-proven methods to be utilized. A compactRIO-based system, with integrated real-time controller and Field-Programmable Gate Array chip, is chosen as most suitable for this task. The system is designed to meet the special requirements encountered in this unusual application, including large data sampling, grid connection control and protection systems. The system is communicating to shore via a subsea copper cable and single-pair high-speed digital subscriber line modems. The design was successful and full-fills all the system requirements. The aim of the article is to provide future researchers with a good design and implementation procedure for setting up large measurement systems.

Rickard Ekström; Venugopalan Kurupath; Olle Svensson; Mats Leijon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Video surveillance-based insulator condition monitoring analysis for substation monitoring system (SMS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Video surveillance (VS) of electric power lines along with its accessories such as insulators has emerged as a potential alternative for the traditional practice of on-site physical detection. There has been a paradigm shift in electric substation automation using substation monitoring system (SMS). Since the damaged insulators severely affect the distribution system performance in terms of reduction in voltage as well as flow of leakage currents, therefore, the incorporation of insulator health as an augmented feature in SMS would improve the quality and reliability of power supply. By using information technology, the automation of insulator monitoring of power system is made faster to recover the fault system immediately. This paper presents a methodology for insulator condition analysis based on VS combined with wavelet coefficient differentiator (WCD) for SMS purposes. The case studies and results contained herein corroborate the efficacy of the proposed methodology to dispense with the conventional on-site physical methods, which are not only tedious, but also time-consuming.

Velaga Sreerama Murthy; D.K. Mohanta; Sumit Gupta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Measurement of the acoustic pressure distribution occurring around an aerial substation adjacent to apartment buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The subject matter of the research work presented in this paper refers to the measurements of the values of the acoustic pressure levels (noise) occurring around a main feeding?point aerial substation adjacent to apartment buildings. The paper presents the values of the noise accompanying the particular power devices mainly transformers during their regular operation. The main aim of this research work was the comparison and assessment of the acoustic pressure values measured with the permissible values defined by environmental standards binding in Poland. The research analysis carried out proved that during a long?term operation of power appliances installed in substations the acoustic pressure level that they emit into the environment is not constant but is subject to changes. Thus the increase of the noise level above the permissible values can be the cause of violation of environmental standards. Due to a significant increase of people's awareness and readiness to claim their rights the main consequence of violating the standards is a growing number of claims. Therefore it is imperative that the level of the acoustic pressure be monitored during routine tests especially around high?power transformers.

Sebastian Borucki; Tomasz Boczar; Andrzej Cichon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Substations for Decentralized Solar District Heating: Design, Performance and Energy Cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of solar district heating is gaining more and more interest, but, in some case the space available for the integration of solar collectors on the ground is limited and the use of decentralized systems is necessary. For decentralized solar district heating systems different hydraulic schemes at the substation level, with or without local use of solar energy, are possible. The present paper detailed an advanced study on decentralized solar district heating system using dynamic simulation software. Nine different hydraulic schemes for substations have been investigated with a return to return feed in. For each scheme many parameters that influence the performance of the solar installation have been studied such as the district heating network return temperature, the solar collector area and the type of solar collector (low temperature or high temperature solar collector). The comparison between the different hydraulic schemes is based on thermal efficiency but also on solar energy cost using the methodology of the Levelized Cost Of Energy (LCOE).

Cedric Paulus; Philippe Papillon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

primary substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

distribution substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This one-of-a-kind reference is unmatched in the breadth and scope of its coverage and serves as the primary reference for students and professionals in computer science and communications. The Dictionary feat...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Demand Response | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Response Demand Response Demand Response Demand Response Demand response provides an opportunity for consumers to play a significant role in the operation of the electric grid by reducing or shifting their electricity usage during peak periods in response to time-based rates or other forms of financial incentives. Demand response programs are being used by electric system planners and operators as resource options for balancing supply and demand. Such programs can lower the cost of electricity in wholesale markets, and in turn, lead to lower retail rates. Methods of engaging customers in demand response efforts include offering time-based rates such as time-of-use pricing, critical peak pricing, variable peak pricing, real time pricing, and critical peak rebates. It also includes direct load control programs which provide the

350

Understanding and Analysing Energy Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter introduces the concept of energy demand using basic micro-economics and presents the three-stage decision making process of energy demand. It then provides a set of simple ... (such as price and inco...

Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Demand Response: Load Management Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CenterPoint Load Management Programs CATEE Conference October, 2012 Agenda Outline I. General Demand Response Definition II. General Demand Response Program Rules III. CenterPoint Commercial Program IV. CenterPoint Residential Programs... V. Residential Discussion Points Demand Response Definition of load management per energy efficiency rule 25.181: ? Load control activities that result in a reduction in peak demand, or a shifting of energy usage from a peak to an off...

Simon, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Marketing Demand-Side Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they the only game in town, enjoying a captive market. Demand-side management (DSM) again surfaced as a method for increasing customer value and meeting these competitive challenges. In designing and implementing demand-side management (DSM) programs we... have learned a great deal about what it takes to market and sell DSM. This paper focuses on how to successfully market demand-side management. KEY STEPS TO MARKETING DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT Management Commitment The first key element in marketing...

O'Neill, M. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Demand Charges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charges Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDemandCharges&oldid488967"...

354

Assessment of Demand Response Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of Demand Response Resource Potentials for PGE and Pacific Power Prepared for: Portland January 15, 2004 K:\\Projects\\2003-53 (PGE,PC) Assess Demand Response\\Report\\Revised Report_011504.doc #12;#12;quantec Assessment of Demand Response Resource Potentials for I-1 PGE and Pacific Power I. Introduction

355

ERCOT Demand Response Paul Wattles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ERCOT Demand Response Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT Whitacre;Definitions of Demand Response · `The short-term adjustment of energy use by consumers in response to price to market or reliability conditions.' (NAESB) #12;Definitions of Demand Response · The common threads

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

356

Pricing data center demand response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand response is crucial for the incorporation of renewable energy into the grid. In this paper, we focus on a particularly promising industry for demand response: data centers. We use simulations to show that, not only are data centers large loads, ... Keywords: data center, demand response, power network, prediction based pricing

Zhenhua Liu; Iris Liu; Steven Low; Adam Wierman

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Slide 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EESAT 2009 EESAT 2009 October 4-7 Seattle Ali Nourai American Electric Power Chairman, Electricity Storage Association Energy Storage Projects in AEP - A Migratory Trend - 2 * 5.2 Million customers * 11 States * 39,000 MW Generation * 38,953 miles Transmission * 212,781 miles Distribution * $45.2 billion Assets (2008) * $14.4 billion revenue (2008) * 20,861 Employees AEP Overview 3 Migratory Path of Utility Energy Storage - in AEP Large Central Units Storage at Grid Edge Substation Batteries Graphics adapted from an EPRI Presentation by Joe Hughes This Migration Trend is Driven by Popularity of Customer-Owned Distributed Generation and Customers' demand for higher service quality 4 AEP's View of Energy Storage Value 120/240 V 69 kV 4 to 34 kV 480 V 138 kV 345 kV 765 kV CES (Community) NAS (Substation)

358

Overview of Demand Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

08 PJM 08 PJM www.pjm.com ©2003 PJM Overview of Demand Response PJM ©2008 PJM www.pjm.com ©2003 PJM Growth, Statistics, and Current Footprint AEP, Dayton, ComEd, & DUQ Dominion Generating Units 1,200 + Generation Capacity 165,000 MW Peak Load 144,644 MW Transmission Miles 56,070 Area (Square Miles) 164,250 Members 500 + Population Served 51 Million Area Served 13 States and DC Generating Units 1,200 + Generation Capacity 165,000 MW Peak Load 144,644 MW Transmission Miles 56,070 Area (Square Miles) 164,250 Members 500 + Population Served 51 Million Area Served 13 States and DC Current PJM RTO Statistics Current PJM RTO Statistics PJM Mid-Atlantic Integrations completed as of May 1 st , 2005 ©2008 PJM

359

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Appendix A EIS Scoping Report GRANBY PUMPING PLANT - WINDY GAP TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD PROJECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SCOPING SUMMARY REPORT December 4, 2007

360

Numerical calculation of AC substation grounding systems buried in a vertical multilayered earth model by higher-order basis function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To study the accuracy of numerical simulations for an AC substation grounding problem embedded in a vertical multilayered earth model, this paper proposes a novel algorithm combining the rapidly convergent one-dimensional Galerkin's BEM with higher-order ... Keywords: Green's function, high-order basic function, vertical multilayered earth model

Zhong-Xin Li; Jian-Bin Fan; Yu Yin

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale This article first appeared in the Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1995, Energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0202(95) (Washington, DC, July 1995), pp. 33-42, 83-85. The regression results and historical data for production, inventories, and imports have been updated in this presentation. Contents * Introduction o Table 1. Oxygenate production capacity and demand * Oxygenate demand o Table 2. Estimated RFG demand share - mandated RFG areas, January 1998 * Fuel ethanol supply and demand balance o Table 3. Fuel ethanol annual statistics * MTBE supply and demand balance o Table 4. EIA MTBE annual statistics * Refinery balances

362

Microsoft Word - CX-SouthTacomaSubstationOlympicPipelineFenceUpgrade_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, 2011 7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Timothy Wicks Realty Specialist - TERR-Covington Proposed Action: Grant the Olympic Pipeline Company permission to upgrade an existing fence along the northern property line of Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) South Tacoma Substation to enhance security. PP&A Project No.: PP&A-2054 Budget Information: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.11 Fencing, no adverse effect on wildlife movement/surface water flow. Installation of fencing, including that for border marking that will not adversely affect wildlife movements or surface water flow. Location: S36 T9N R3E WM, in Pierce County, Washington. BPA Parcel #STAC-SS-SY

363

Microsoft Word - CX-GarrisonSubstationAccessRoadImprovementFY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8, 2013 8, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Jonathan Malmberg Project Manager - TETQ-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Maintenance along sections of the access road leading to Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Garrison Substation PP&A Project No.: 2609 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine Maintenance. B1.13 Pathways, short access roads, and rail lines. Location: As identified in table below: Township Range Section County 9N 11W 14, 13, 24 Powell 9N 10W 19, 30, 20 Powell Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes repairing a corrugated metal pipe end; making minor asphalt repairs; and grading, shaping, compacting, and placing road aggregate on 20,005 linear feet

364

Seismic base isolation of gas insulated electrical substations: Comparison among different solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Base isolation of an outdoor 170 kV Gas-Insulated Substation conforming to ENEL standardization is proposed. The analyzed GIS has two separated phases and its layout consists of a compact block composed of five bays and two High-to-Medium Voltage power transformers. The design has been carried out following the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) requirements for seismic qualification of HV equipment. Three solutions are presented, each making use of different isolation devices: High-Damping Steel-Laminated Rubber Bearings, helical springs and visco-dampers, Friction Pendulu devices. The procedures adopted in the design of the three isolation systems are briefly explained, pointing out advantages and drawbacks of each solution.

Serino, G. [Univ. di Napoli Federico II (Italy). Dipt. di Analisi e Progettazione Strutturale; Bettinali, F. [ENEL s.p.a., Milano (Italy). Centro di Ricerca Idraulica e Strutturale; Bonacina, G. [ISMES s.p.a., Seriate (Italy). Div. Indagini Strutturali

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1992-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

366

Type B investigation of electrical fault in 351 Substation, December 4, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 4, 1994, at 2132:10 hours, an electrical failure of a cable-tapping splice resulted in a fire in the 300 Area of the DOE Hanford Site. The fire occurred in the yard of Substation 351 in electrical Vault R122V, where the cable-tapping splice was located. The fire incinerated all cables passing to and through the vault causing them to fail. The failure of the cables resulted in a power outage to twenty customers in the 300 Area. The vault was electrically isolated, and power was restored to the electrical distribution system at 2311 hours. This report contains the accident scenario, accident analysis, direct cause and root and contributing causes.

Debban, H.L.; Shearer, C.A.; Boger, R.M.; McDonald, G.P. [ICF Kaiser Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Eyre, L.E.; Dell, L.D.; Kelly, D.S. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Experience in the installation of a microprocessor system for controlling converter units of the Vyborg substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experience in the installation of modern digital systems for controlling converter units at the Vyborg converter substation on the basis of advanced microprocessor devices is considered. It is shown that debugging of a control and protection system on mathematical and physical models does not guarantee optimum control of actual converter devices. Examples of advancing the control and protection system are described, the necessity for which has become obvious in tests of actual equipment. Comparison of oscillograms of processes before optimization of the control system and after its optimization and adjustment shows that the digital control system makes it possible to improve substantially the algorithms of control and protection in the short term and without changing the hardware component.

Gusakovskii, K. B.; Zmaznov, E. Yu.; Katantsev, S. V.; Mazurenko, A. K.; Mestergazi, V. A.; Prochan, G. G.; Funtikova, S. F. [High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission Research Institute (NIIPT) (Russian Federation)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Final environmental assessment for vegetation control at VHF stations, microwave stations, electrical substations, and pole yards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Southwestern Power Adm. operates very high frequency (VHF) and microwave radio stations, electrical substations, and pole yards for electric power transmission throughout AR, MO, and OK. Vegetation growth at the stations must be suppressed for safety of operation and personnel. Southwestern has been using a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control for this purpose; Federally- mandated reductions in staff and budgetary resources require Southwestern to evaluate all potentially efficient methods for vegetation control. Three alternatives were examined: no action, mechanical/manual control, and (proposed) a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control. Environmental impacts on air and water quality, wetlands, wildlife, endangered species, archaeological and other resources, farmland, human health, transportation, etc. were evaluated.

NONE

1995-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

369

Experimental evaluation of radiator control based on primary supply temperature for district heating substations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate whether the primary supply temperature in district heating networks can be used to control radiator systems in buildings connected to district heating; with the purpose of increasing the ?T. The primary supply temperature in district heating systems can mostly be described as a function of outdoor temperature; similarly, the radiator supply temperature in houses, offices and industries can also be described as a function of outdoor temperature. To calibrate the radiator control system to produce an ideally optimal radiator supply temperature that produces a maximized ?T across the substation, the relationship between the primary supply temperature and outdoor temperature must be known. However, even if the relation is known there is always a deviation between the expected primary supply temperature and the actual temperature of the received distribution media. This deviation makes the radiator control system incapable of controlling the radiator supply temperature to a point that would generate a maximized ?T. Published simulation results show that it is possible and advantageous to utilize the primary supply temperature for radiator system control. In this paper, the simulation results are experimentally verified through implementation of the control method in a real district heating substation. The primary supply temperature is measured by the heat-meter and is shared with the radiator control system; thus no additional temperature sensors were needed to perform the experiments. However additional meters were installed for surveillance purposes. To maintain a stable indoor temperature at times when the primary supply and outdoor temperatures deviates from their assumed relation, the radiator system flow must be controlled by an additional control-loop. The results confirms that it is possible to control the radiator system based on the primary supply temperature while maintaining comfort; however, conclusions regarding improvements in ?T were hard to distinguish.

Jonas Gustafsson; Jerker Delsing; Jan van Deventer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Demand Response Programs, 6. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report provides a look at the past, present, and future state of the market for demand/load response based upon market price signals. It is intended to provide significant value to individuals and companies who are considering participating in demand response programs, energy providers and ISOs interested in offering demand response programs, and consultants and analysts looking for detailed information on demand response technology, applications, and participants. The report offers a look at the current Demand Response environment in the energy industry by: defining what demand response programs are; detailing the evolution of program types over the last 30 years; discussing the key drivers of current initiatives; identifying barriers and keys to success for the programs; discussing the argument against subsidization of demand response; describing the different types of programs that exist including:direct load control, interruptible load, curtailable load, time-of-use, real time pricing, and demand bidding/buyback; providing examples of the different types of programs; examining the enablers of demand response programs; and, providing a look at major demand response programs.

NONE

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Hawaiian Electric Company Demand Response Roadmap Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of control. Water heater demand response options are notcurrent water heater and air conditioning demand responsecustomer response Demand response water heater participation

Levy, Roger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and D. Kathan (2009). Demand Response in U.S. ElectricityEnergy Financial Group. Demand Response Research Center [2008). Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering.

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hawaiian Electric Company Demand Response Roadmap Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Like HECO actual utility demand response implementations canindustry-wide utility demand response applications tend toobjective. Figure 4. Demand Response Objectives 17  

Levy, Roger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Installation and Commissioning Automated Demand Response Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their partnership in demand response automation research andand Techniques for Demand Response. LBNL Report 59975. Mayof Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities.

Kiliccote, Sila; Global Energy Partners; Pacific Gas and Electric Company

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Barrier Immune Radio Communications for Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities,”Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities.for Automated Demand Response. Technical Document to

Rubinstein, Francis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Home Network Technologies and Automating Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Automating Demand Response Charles McParland, Lawrenceand Automating Demand Response Charles McParland, LBNLCommercial and Residential Demand Response Overview of the

McParland, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategies Linking Demand Response and Energy Efficiency,”Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities,technical support from the Demand Response Research Center (

Federspiel, Clifford

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Strategies for Demand Response in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities”of Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities”,was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and

Watson, David S.; Kiliccote, Sila; Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1. “Economic” demand response and real time pricing (Implications of Demand Response Programs in CompetitiveAdvanced Metering, and Demand Response in Electricity

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 2.1 Demand-Side Managementbuildings. The demand side management framework is discussedIssues 2.1 Demand-Side Management Framework Forecasting

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Energy demand-side management energy information systemdemand response. Demand-side management (DSM) program goalsa goal for demand-side management (DSM) coordination and

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

raising transportation oil demand. Growing internationalcoal by wire could reduce oil demand by stemming coal roadEastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand

Aden, Nathaniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World: Renewable Energy and Demand Response Proliferation intogether the renewable energy and demand response communityimpacts of renewable energy and demand response integration

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

District Small Business Summer Solutions: Energy and DemandSummer Solutions: Energy and Demand Impacts Monthly Energy> B-2 Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

electricity demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to electricity. Included here are three electricity consumption and demand datasets, specifically: annual observed electricity consumption by sector (1974 to 2009); observed percentage of consumers by sector (2002 - 2009); and regional electricity demand, as a percentage of total demand (2009). Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated July 03rd, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords Electricity Consumption electricity demand energy use by sector New Zealand Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Electricity Consumption by Sector (1974 - 2009) (xls, 46.1 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Percentage of Consumers by Sector (2002 - 2009) (xls, 43.5 KiB)

387

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

388

The Results of Tests of ASK-100-4UKhL4 Type Asynchronized Compensators at the Beskudnikovo 500 kV Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two ASK-100-4UKhL4 100 Mvar asynchronized compensators were introduced into operation in the 500 kV Beskudnikovo substation in 2012. The results of systems tests...

L. G. Volodarskii; I. Ya. Dovganyuk; R. D. Mnev…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Harnessing the power of demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Demand response can provide a series of economic services to the market and also provide ''insurance value'' under low-likelihood, but high-impact circumstances in which grid reliablity is enhanced. Here is how ISOs and RTOs are fostering demand response within wholesale electricity markets. (author)

Sheffrin, Anjali; Yoshimura, Henry; LaPlante, David; Neenan, Bernard

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

China, India demand cushions prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

Boyle, M.

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Honeywell Demonstrates Automated Demand Response Benefits for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Honeywell Demonstrates Automated Demand Response Benefits for Utility, Commercial, and Industrial Customers Honeywell Demonstrates Automated Demand Response Benefits for Utility,...

392

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Collection for Demand-side Management for QualifyingPrepared by Demand-side Management Task Force of the

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the results from the second season of research to develop and evaluate the performance of new Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) hardware and software technology in large facilities. Demand Response (DR) is a set of activities to reduce or shift electricity use to improve the electric grid reliability and manage electricity costs. Fully-Automated Demand Response does not involve human intervention, but is initiated at a home, building, or facility through receipt of an external communications signal. We refer to this as Auto-DR. The evaluation of the control and communications must be properly configured and pass through a set of test stages: Readiness, Approval, Price Client/Price Server Communication, Internet Gateway/Internet Relay Communication, Control of Equipment, and DR Shed Effectiveness. New commissioning tests are needed for such systems to improve connecting demand responsive building systems to the electric grid demand response systems.

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) engineers John Zimmerman and Tom Bender directed separate projects within this CRADA. This Project Accomplishments Summary contains their reports independently. Zimmerman: In 1998 Honeywell FM&T partnered with the Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) Cooperative Business Management Program to pilot the Supply Chain Integration Planning Prototype (SCIP). At the time, FM&T was developing an enterprise-wide supply chain management prototype called the Integrated Programmatic Scheduling System (IPSS) to improve the DOE's Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) supply chain. In the CRADA partnership, FM&T provided the IPSS technical and business infrastructure as a test bed for SCIP technology, and this would provide FM&T the opportunity to evaluate SCIP as the central schedule engine and decision support tool for IPSS. FM&T agreed to do the bulk of the work for piloting SCIP. In support of that aim, DAMA needed specific DOE Defense Programs opportunities to prove the value of its supply chain architecture and tools. In this partnership, FM&T teamed with Sandia National Labs (SNL), Division 6534, the other DAMA partner and developer of SCIP. FM&T tested SCIP in 1998 and 1999. Testing ended in 1999 when DAMA CRADA funding for FM&T ceased. Before entering the partnership, FM&T discovered that the DAMA SCIP technology had an array of applications in strategic, tactical, and operational planning and scheduling. At the time, FM&T planned to improve its supply chain performance by modernizing the NWC-wide planning and scheduling business processes and tools. The modernization took the form of a distributed client-server planning and scheduling system (IPSS) for planners and schedulers to use throughout the NWC on desktops through an off-the-shelf WEB browser. The planning and scheduling process within the NWC then, and today, is a labor-intensive paper-based method that plans and schedules more than 8,000 shipped parts per month based on more than 50 manually-created document types. The fact that DAMA and FM&T desired to move from paper-based manual architectures to digitally based computer architectures gave further incentive for the partnership to grow. FM&T's greatest strength was its knowledge of NWC-wide scheduling and planning with its role as the NWC leader in manufacturing logistics. DAMA's asset was its new knowledge gained in the research and development of advanced architectures and tools for supply chain management in the textiles industry. These complimentary strengths allowed the two parties to provide both the context and the tools for the pilot. Bender: Honeywell FM&T participated in a four-site supply chain project, also referred to as an Inter-Enterprise Pipeline Evaluation. The MSAD project was selected because it involves four NWC sites: FM&T, Pantex, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). FM&T had previously participated with Los Alamos National Laboratory in FY98 to model a two-site supply chain project, between FM&T and LANL. Evaluation of a Supply Chain Methodology is a subset of the DAMA project for the AMTEX consortium. LANL organization TSA-7, Enterprise Modeling and Simulation, has been involved in AMTEX and DAMA through development of process models and simulations for LANL, the NWC, and others. The FY 1998 and this FY 1999 projects directly involved collaboration between Honeywell and the Enterprise Modeling and Simulation (TSA-7) and Detonation Science and Technology (DX1) organizations at LANL.

Bender, T.R.; Zimmerman, J.J.

2001-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

395

Holbrook Substation Superconductor Cable System, Long Island, New York Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LIPA Superconductor project broke ground on July 4, 2006, was first energized on April 22, 2008 (Earth Day) and was commissioned on June 25, 2008. Since commissioning, up until early March, 2009, there were numerous refrigeration events that impacted steady state operations. This led to the review of the alarms that were being generated and a rewrite of the program logic in order to decrease the hypersensitivity surrounding these alarms. The high temperature superconductor (HTS) cable was energized on March 5, 2009 and ran uninterrupted until a human error during a refrigeration system switchover knocked the cable out of the grid in early February 2010. The HTS cable was in the grid uninterrupted from March 5, 2009 to February 4, 2010. Although there have been refrigeration events (propagated mainly by voltage sags/surges) during this period, the system was able to automatically switch over from the primary to the backup refrigeration system without issue as required during this period. On February 4, 2010, when switching from the backup over to the primary refrigeration system, two rather than one liquid nitrogen pumps were started inadvertently by a human error (communication) causing an overpressure in the cable cooling line. This in turn activated the pressure relief valve located in the grounding substation. The cable was automatically taken out of the grid without any damage to the components or system as a result of signals sent from the AMSC control cabinet to the LIPA substation. The cable was switched back into the grid again on March 16, 2010 without incident and has been operational since that time. Since switching from the backup to the primary is not an automatic process, a recent improvement was added to the refrigeration operating system to allow remote commands to return the system from backup to primary cooling. This improvement makes the switching procedure quicker since travel to the site to perform this operation is no longer necessary and safer since it is now a programmed procedure versus the former written procedure that was still subject to human variation in the process.

Maguire, James; McNamara, Joseph

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

396

Redesign process of a 765 kVRMS AC substation connector by means of 3D-FEM simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper shows the capabilities of applying the three-dimensional finite element method (3D-FEM) for designing complex-shaped substation connectors to operate at 765 kVRMS AC. To check this methodology, it was analyzed the feasibility of upgrading a 400 kVRMS substation connector to operate at 765 kVRMS. However, both experimental and simulation results conducted according to the ANSI/NEMA CC 1-2009 standard concluded that although it passed the visual corona test, to ensure a wide safety margin it was desirable an improvement of the electrical behavior of such connector. It was shown that FEM results allowed detecting the peak stress points of the connector regarding the electrical stress thus allowing applying a corrective action. Then, two possible solutions were analyzed, i.e. the use of corona shields and the redesign of the connector assisted by 3D-FEM simulations. Results presented in this work show that both approaches have an excellent behavior in reducing the electric field strength on the connector surface. However, to make the final decision, the production cost of both alternatives was analyzed, thus favoring the redesign option. Next, the redesigned version of the substation connector was manufactured and tested. Experimental results conducted in a high voltage laboratory verified the effectiveness of the methodology and the potential of the proposed system to act as an advanced design tool for optimizing the behavior of complex-shaped substation connectors. Thus, this system allows assisting efficiently the design process while permitting constraining the economic costs.

Joan Hernández-Guiteras; Jordi-Roger Riba; Luís Romeral

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Classification of sags gathered in distribution substations based on multiway principal component analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Voltage sags, whether they occur in transmission or distribution systems, may severely damage the loads connected to the power system. As these problems could cost a great deal financially, electric utilities are very interested in finding the origins of sags, that is, whether they have been originated in the transmission network (high voltage (HV)) or in the distribution system (medium voltage (MV)). In addition to the needs of utilities and regulators, many researchers have been prompted to develop reliable methods to properly classify sags. Several of these methods, based on classifying meaningful features extracted from data and waveforms, have been proposed in the literature. Unlike those methods, though, we propose a systematic transformation of data, based on multiway principal component analysis (MPCA), to develop a new voltage sag classification procedure. Sampled voltage and current waveforms of previously registered sags are used together with the MPCA technique to obtain a lower dimensional model. This model is then used to project new sags and classify them according to their origin in the power system. Different classification criteria and parameters are examined to maximize the classification rates of not yet seen sags. Applying the proposed method to real sags recorded in substations demonstrates its applicability and power.

Abbas Khosravi; Joaquim Meléndez; Joan Colomer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Rural community noise caused by 345/138 kV substation transformer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Residents 360 m (1200 ft) from a large (6 × 8 × 4.5 m high) 345/138 kV transformer installed in a new power substation in a rural setting complained of its noise emission especially at night. Octave band and 24?h A?weighted noise measurements were made. The 120?Hz sound level was found to be 90 to 105 dB at the transformer surface. Transformer noise emission did not vary significantly with transformer loading or time of day. The distant (360 m) noise level was from 40 to 47 dBA (N?30 to N?45) depending on intervening terrain and time of day. In calm summer air the annoying sound was found to be in the 125?Hz band at the residence beyond a vegitated rise and 250 to 500 Hz for a residence with line?of?sight contact over a shallow depression. The line?of?sight resident's complaint that the noise was greatest at night was corroborated by the 24?h measurement. That noise level was found to be typically 38 dBA from 11 a.m. to 7 p.m. and 45 dBA from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. It is postulated that the depression accumulated cool air at night thus refracting the sound onto that site. Recommendations for a noise barrier wall was made to the power company operator.

Angelo J. Campanella

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

building demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Demand Response Research in Spain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Response Research in Spain Demand Response Research in Spain Speaker(s): Iñigo Cobelo Date: August 22, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette The Spanish power system is becoming increasingly difficult to operate. The peak load grows every year, and the permission to build new transmission and distribution infrastructures is difficult to obtain. In this scenario Demand Response can play an important role, and become a resource that could help network operators. The present deployment of demand response measures is small, but this situation however may change in the short term. The two main Spanish utilities and the transmission network operator are designing research projects in this field. All customer segments are targeted, and the research will lead to pilot installations and tests.

402

EIA - AEO2010 - Electricity Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand Electricity Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Electricity Demand Figure 69. U.S. electricity demand growth 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 60. Average annual U.S. retail electricity prices in three cases, 1970-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 61. Electricity generation by fuel in three cases, 2008 and 2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 62. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 63. Levelized electricity costs for new power plants, 2020 and 2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 64. Electricity generating capacity at U.S. nuclear power plants in three cases, 2008, 2020, and 2035

403

Full Rank Rational Demand Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a nominal income full rank QES. R EFERENCES (A.84)S. G. Donald. “Inferring the Rank of a Matrix. ” Journal of97-102. . “A Demand System Rank Theorem. ” Econometrica 57 (

LaFrance, Jeffrey T; Pope, Rulon D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Demand Forecasting of New Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keeping Unit or SKU) employing attribute analysis techniques. The objective of this thesis is to improve Abstract This thesis is a study into the demand forecasting of new products (also referred to as Stock

Sun, Yu

405

Demand Response and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response & Energy Efficiency International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations ESL-IC-09-11-05 Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Austin, Texas, November 17 - 19, 2009 2 ?Less than 5..., 2009 4 An Innovative Solution to Get the Ball Rolling ? Demand Response (DR) ? Monitoring Based Commissioning (MBCx) EnerNOC has a solution involving two complementary offerings. ESL-IC-09-11-05 Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference...

406

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneeringdemonstration of how existing utility load-management assets can providean important electricity system reliability resource known as spinningreserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinningreserve will give grid operators at the California Independent SystemOperator (CAISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful, newtool to improve system reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lowersystem operating costs.

Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Torres, Carlos; Hirth,Scott; Yinger, Bob; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan; Bernier, Clark; Wright,Roger; Barat, A.; Watson, David S.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

National Action Plan on Demand Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Action Plan on Demand National Action Plan on Demand Action Plan on Demand National Action Plan on Demand Response Response Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group November 18, 2008 November 18, 2008 Daniel Gore Daniel Gore Office of Energy Market Regulation Office of Energy Market Regulation Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The author's views do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Presentation Contents Presentation Contents Statutory Requirements Statutory Requirements National Assessment [Study] of Demand Response National Assessment [Study] of Demand Response National Action Plan on Demand Response National Action Plan on Demand Response General Discussion on Demand Response and Energy Outlook

408

Demand Response Projects: Technical and Market Demonstrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Projects: Technical and Market Demonstrations Philip D. Lusk Deputy Director Energy Analyst #12;PLACE CAPTION HERE. #12;#12;#12;#12;City of Port Angeles Demand Response History energy charges · Demand charges during peak period only ­ Reduced demand charges for demand response

409

Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Barat, D. Watson. 2006 Demand Response Spinning ReserveKueck, and B. Kirby 2008. Demand Response Spinning ReserveReport 2009. Open Automated Demand Response Communications

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standardized Automated Demand Response Signals. Presented atand Automated Demand Response in Industrial RefrigeratedActions for Industrial Demand Response in California. LBNL-

Mares, K.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Facilitating Renewable Integration by Demand Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand response is seen as one of the resources ... expected to incentivize small consumers to participate in demand response. This chapter models the involvement of small consumers in demand response programs wi...

Juan M. Morales; Antonio J. Conejo…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barat, and D. Watson. 2007. Demand Response Spinning ReserveKueck, and B. Kirby. 2009. Demand Response Spinning ReserveFormat of 2009-2011 Demand Response Activity Applications.

Joseph, Eto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

human dimension of demand response technology from a caseArens, E. , et al. 2008. Demand Response Enabling TechnologyArens, E. , et al. 2006. Demand Response Enabling Technology

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Value of Demand Response -Introduction Klaus Skytte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Value of Demand Response - Introduction Klaus Skytte Systems Analysis Department February 7, 2006 Energinet.dk, Ballerup #12;What is Demand Response? Demand response (DR) is the short-term response

415

World Energy Use — Trends in Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to provide adequate energy supplies in the future, trends in energy demand must be evaluated and projections of future demand developed. World energy use is far from static, and an understanding of the demand

Randy Hudson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050 RyanCEC (2003a) California energy demand 2003-2013 forecast.CEC (2005a) California energy demand 2006-2016: Staff energy

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Balancing of Energy Supply and Residential Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power demand of private households shows daily fluctuations and ... (BEV) and heat pumps. This additional demand, especially when it remains unmanaged, will ... to an increase in fluctuations. To balance demand,

Martin Bock; Grit Walther

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Definition: Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system or part of a system, generally expressed in kilowatts or megawatts, at a given instant or averaged over any designated interval of time., The rate at which energy is being used by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Demand&oldid=480555"

419

Winter Demand Impacted by Weather  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: Heating oil demand is strongly influenced by weather. The "normal" numbers are the expected values for winter 2000-2001 used in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. The chart indicates the extent to which the last winter exhibited below-normal heating degree-days (and thus below-normal heating demand). Temperatures were consistently warmer than normal throughout the 1999-2000 heating season. This was particularly true in November 1999, February 2001 and March 2001. For the heating season as a whole (October through March), the 1999-2000 winter yielded total HDDs 10.7% below normal. Normal temperatures this coming winter would, then, be expected to bring about 11% higher heating demand than we saw last year. Relative to normal, the 1999-2000 heating season was the warmest in

420

Turkey's energy demand and supply  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of the present article is to investigate Turkey's energy demand and the contribution of domestic energy sources to energy consumption. Turkey, the 17th largest economy in the world, is an emerging country with a buoyant economy challenged by a growing demand for energy. Turkey's energy consumption has grown and will continue to grow along with its economy. Turkey's energy consumption is high, but its domestic primary energy sources are oil and natural gas reserves and their production is low. Total primary energy production met about 27% of the total primary energy demand in 2005. Oil has the biggest share in total primary energy consumption. Lignite has the biggest share in Turkey's primary energy production at 45%. Domestic production should be to be nearly doubled by 2010, mainly in coal (lignite), which, at present, accounts for almost half of the total energy production. The hydropower should also increase two-fold over the same period.

Balat, M. [Sila Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

International Oil Supplies and Demands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--90 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

International Oil Supplies and Demands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--1990 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

Not Available

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Data:A5b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power - Regular Rate - between 50kW and 200kW Demand Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Customers on this or the optional time-of-day rate who own and maintain their own transformer will receive the following discount: Transformer Ownership Discount: Customers who own and maintain their own transformers or substations shall be given a credit of $0.25 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation equipment is subject to utility inspection and approval.

424

Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Demand Response Technology Development The objective ofin planning demand response technology RD&D by conductingNew and Emerging Technologies into the California Smart Grid

Joseph, Eto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Long-term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan. B-2 Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response> B-4 Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Demand Response - Policy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Demand Response - Policy Demand Response - Policy Since its inception, the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) has been committed to modernizing the nation's...

427

Sandia National Laboratories: demand response inverter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

demand response inverter ECIS-Princeton Power Systems, Inc.: Demand Response Inverter On March 19, 2013, in DETL, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Energy Surety, Facilities,...

428

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Demand Response A pilot program from NSTAR in Massachusetts,Massachusetts, aiming to test whether an intensive program of energy efficiency and demand response

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

annual per-capita electricity consumption by demand15 California electricity consumption projections by demandannual per-capita electricity consumption by demand

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies - January 16, 2011 Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies - January 16, 2011 January 16, 2011 Conference Call...

431

Marketing & Driving Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools & Strategies Marketing & Driving Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools & Strategies Presentation slides from the BetterBuildings...

432

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Conventional and Alternative Fuel Response Simulatormodified to include alternative fuel demand scenarios (whichvehicle adoption and alternative fuel demand) later in the

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar controllable shunting reactor in the Tavricheskaya substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar magnetization-controllable shunting reactor (CSR), set up in the Tavricheskaya substation, including measurements of the quality of the electric power, the harmonic composition of the network currents of the reactor for different values of the reactive power consumed, the determination of the regulating characteristics of the reactor, the speed of response of the shunting reactor in the current and voltage stabilization modes, and also the operation of the reactor under dynamic conditions for different perturbations, are presented. The results obtained are analyzed.

Gusev, S. I. [JSC 'FSK EES' (Russian Federation); Karpov, V. N.; Kiselev, A. N.; Kochkin, V. I. [Scientific-Research Institute of Electric Power Engineering (VNIIE) - Branch of the JSC 'NTTs Elektroenergetiki', (Russian Federation)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Smart Buildings and Demand Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advances in communications and control technology the strengthening of the Internet and the growing appreciation of the urgency to reduce demand side energy use are motivating the development of improvements in both energy efficiency and demand response (DR) systems in buildings. This paper provides a framework linking continuous energy management and continuous communications for automated demand response (Auto?DR) in various times scales. We provide a set of concepts for monitoring and controls linked to standards and procedures such as Open Automation Demand Response Communication Standards (OpenADR). Basic building energy science and control issues in this approach begin with key building components systems end?uses and whole building energy performance metrics. The paper presents a framework about when energy is used levels of services by energy using systems granularity of control and speed of telemetry. DR when defined as a discrete event requires a different set of building service levels than daily operations. We provide examples of lessons from DR case studies and links to energy efficiency.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Water demand management in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The alchemy of demand response: turning demand into supply  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paying customers to refrain from purchasing products they want seems to run counter to the normal operation of markets. Demand response should be interpreted not as a supply-side resource but as a secondary market that attempts to correct the misallocation of electricity among electric users caused by regulated average rate tariffs. In a world with costless metering, the DR solution results in inefficiency as measured by deadweight losses. (author)

Rochlin, Cliff

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Q:\asufinal_0107_demand.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

00 00 (AEO2000) Assumptions to the January 2000 With Projections to 2020 DOE/EIA-0554(2000) Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Macroeconomic Activity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 International Energy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Household Expenditures Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Residential Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Commercial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Industrial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Transportation Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Electricity Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Oil and Gas Supply Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution

438

Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;2008 Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering Staff Report Federal Energy metering penetration and potential peak load reduction from demand response have increased since 2006. Significant activity to promote demand response or to remove barriers to demand response occurred at the state

Tesfatsion, Leigh

439

INTEGRATION OF PV IN DEMAND RESPONSE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATION OF PV IN DEMAND RESPONSE PROGRAMS Prepared by Richard Perez et al. NREL subcontract response programs. This is because PV generation acts as a catalyst to demand response, markedly enhancing by solid evidence from three utility case studies. BACKGROUND Demand Response: demand response (DR

Perez, Richard R.

440

Demand Side Management in Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Side Management in Industry Rangan Banerjee Talk at Baroda in Birla Corporate Seminar August 31,2007 #12;Demand Side Management Indian utilities ­ energy shortage and peak power shortage. Supply for Options ­ Demand Side Management (DSM) & Load Management #12;DSM Concept Demand Side Management (DSM) - co

Banerjee, Rangan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Predictive Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on AddThis.com...

442

Northwest Open Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report 2009. Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsand Techniques for Demand Response. California Energyand S. Kiliccote. Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts:

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Incorporating Demand Response into Western Interconnection Transmission Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aggregator Programs. Demand Response Measurement andIncorporating Demand Response into Western Interconnection13 Demand Response Dispatch

Satchwell, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Opportunities, Barriers and Actions for Industrial Demand Response in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Techniques for Demand Response, report for theand Reliability Demand Response Programs: Final Report.Demand Response

McKane, Aimee T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Automated Demand Response Opportunities in Wastewater Treatment Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure,study of automated demand response in wastewater treatmentopportunities for demand response control strategies in

Thompson, Lisa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Global energy demand to 2060  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The projection of global energy demand to the year 2060 is of particular interest because of its relevance to the current greenhouse concerns. The long-term growth of global energy demand in the time scale of climatic change has received relatively little attention in the public discussion of national policy alternatives. The sociological, political, and economic issues have rarely been mentioned in this context. This study emphasizes that the two major driving forces are global population growth and economic growth (gross national product per capita), as would be expected. The modest annual increases assumed in this study result in a year 2060 annual energy use of >4 times the total global current use (year 1986) if present trends continue, and >2 times with extreme efficiency improvements in energy use. Even assuming a zero per capita growth for energy and economics, the population increase by the year 2060 results in a 1.5 times increase in total annual energy use.

Starr, C. (Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Energy Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Jump to: navigation, search Click to return to AEO2011 page AEO2011 Data Figure 55 From AEO2011 report . Market Trends Growth in energy use is linked to population growth through increases in housing, commercial floorspace, transportation, and goods and services. These changes affect not only the level of energy use, but also the mix of fuels used. Energy consumption per capita declined from 337 million Btu in 2007 to 308 million Btu in 2009, the lowest level since 1967. In the AEO2011 Reference case, energy use per capita increases slightly through 2013, as the economy recovers from the 2008-2009 economic downturn. After 2013, energy use per capita declines by 0.3 percent per year on average, to 293 million Btu in 2035, as higher efficiency standards for vehicles and

448

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

Spahn, Andrew

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Definition: Peak Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Demand Peak Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Peak Demand The highest hourly integrated Net Energy For Load within a Balancing Authority Area occurring within a given period (e.g., day, month, season, or year)., The highest instantaneous demand within the Balancing Authority Area.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Related Terms Balancing Authority Area, energy, demand, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from

450

Demand Response Programs Oregon Public Utility Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Programs Oregon Public Utility Commission January 6, 2005 Mike Koszalka Director;Demand Response Results, 2004 Load Control ­ Cool Keeper ­ ID Irrigation Load Control Price Responsive

451

Industrial Equipment Demand and Duty Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand and duty factors have been measured for selected equipment (air compressors, electric furnaces, injection molding machines, centrifugal loads, and others) in industrial plants. Demand factors for heavily loaded air compressors were near 100...

Dooley, E. S.; Heffington, W. M.

452

ConservationandDemand ManagementPlan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Introduction Ontario Regulation 397/11 under the Green Energy Act 2009 requires public agencies and implement energy Conservation and Demand Management (CDM) plans starting in 2014. Requirementsofthe ConservationandDemand ManagementPlan 2014-2019 #12

Abolmaesumi, Purang

453

Energy Demand Analysis at a Disaggregated Level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this chapter is to consider energy demand at the fuel level or at the ... . This chapter first presents the disaggregation of energy demand, discusses the information issues and introduces framewor...

Subhes C. Bhattacharyya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Seasonal temperature variations and energy demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical study of the relationship between residential energy demand and temperature. Unlike previous studies in this ... different regions and to the contrasting effects on energy demand ...

Enrica De Cian; Elisa Lanzi; Roberto Roson

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Modulation and SSR tests performed on the BPA 500 kV thyristor controlled series capacitor unit at Slatt substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field experience is reported for a thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) recently commissioned at BPA`s Slatt substation. Subsynchronous resonance tests show that TCSC interactions with shaft dynamics of PGE`s Boardman steam generator are well understood and are effectively avoided by normal TCSC valve firing logic. Modulation tests, performed with the Boardman plant off line, show that the TCSC can be a powerful and responsive actuator for swing damping. Security considerations did not permit lightly damped operation of the controlled plant. Close analysis indicates that the TCSC damping contribution, though small, was measurable. The best estimate is that damping for the McNary mode is 7.33% and 8.55%, for the TCSC damper loop open and closed respectively. TCSC testing and monitoring is facilitated by an advanced interactive measurement network representing BPA`s approach to the information requirements of major control systems.

Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Mittelstadt, W.A. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)] [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Piwko, R.J. [General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States)] [General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States); Damsky, B.L. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Eden, J.D. [Portland General Electric, OR (United States)] [Portland General Electric, OR (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration. [Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1992-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Modulation and SSR tests performed on the BPA 500 kV thyristor controlled series capacitor unit at Slatt substation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field experience is reported for a thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) recently commissioned at BPA`s Slatt substation. Subsynchronous resonance tests show that TCSC interactions with shaft dynamics of PGE`s Boardman steam generator are well understood and are effectively avoided by normal TCSC valve firing logic. Modulation tests, performed with the Boardman plant off line, show that the TCSC can be a powerful and responsive actuator for swing damping. Security considerations did not permit lightly damped operation of the controlled plant. Close analysis indicates that the TCSC damping contribution, though small, was measurable. The best estimate is that damping for the McNary mode is 7.33% and 8.55%, for the TCSC damper loop open and closed respectively. TCSC testing and monitoring is facilitated by an advanced interactive measurement network representing BPA`s approach to the information requirements of major control systems.

Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Mittelstadt, W.A. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)] [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Piwko, R.J. [General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States)] [General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States); Damsky, B.L. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Eden, J.D. [Portland General Electric, OR (United States)] [Portland General Electric, OR (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Decentralized demand management for water distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Actual Daily Demand for Model 2 . . 26 4 Predicted vs. Actual Peak Hourly Demand for Model 1 27 5 Predicted vs. Actual Peak Hourly Demand for Model 2 28 6 Cumulative Hourly Demand Distribution 7 Bryan Distribution Network 8 Typical Summer Diurnal... locating and controlling water that has not been accounted for. The Ford Meter Box Company (1987) advises the testing and recalibration of existing water meters. Because operating costs in a distribution network can be quite substantial, a significant...

Zabolio, Dow Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-62226 Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study F. Rubinstein, S. Kiliccote Energy Environmental Technologies Division January 2007 #12;LBNL-62226 Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy

460

Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response Resources in Pacific Northwest Chuck Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory cagoldman@lbl.gov Pacific Northwest Demand Response Project Portland OR May 2, 2007 #12;Overview · Typology Annual Reports ­ Journal articles/Technical reports #12;Demand Response Resources · Incentive

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Leveraging gamification in demand dispatch systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern demand-side management techniques are an integral part of the envisioned smart grid paradigm. They require an active involvement of the consumer for an optimization of the grid's efficiency and a better utilization of renewable energy sources. ... Keywords: demand response, demand side management, direct load control, gamification, smart grid, sustainability

Benjamin Gnauk; Lars Dannecker; Martin Hahmann

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Demand Response and Ancillary Services September 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Response and Ancillary Services September 2008 #12;© 2008 EnerNOC, Inc. All Rights Reserved programs The purpose of this presentation is to offer insight into the mechanics of demand response and industrial demand response resources across North America in both regulated and restructured markets As of 6

463

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA Prepared For: California Energy in this report. #12; ABSTRACT By reducing system loads during criticalpeak times, demand response can help reduce the threat of planned rotational outages. Demand response is also widely regarded as having

464

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA Prepared For: California Energy in this report. #12; ABSTRACT By reducing system loads during criticalpeak times, demand response (DR) can.S. and internationally and lay out ideas that could help move California forward. KEY WORDS demand response, peak

465

Modeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current world-wide increase of energy demand cannot be matched by energy production and power grid updateModeling Energy Demand Aggregators for Residential Consumers G. Di Bella, L. Giarr`e, M. Ippolito, A. Jean-Marie, G. Neglia and I. Tinnirello § January 2, 2014 Abstract Energy demand aggregators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

Response to changes in demand/supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response to changes in demand/supply through improved marketing 21.2 #12;#12;111 Impacts of changes log demand in 1995. The composites board mills operating in Korea took advantage of flexibility environment changes on the production mix, some economic indications, statistics of demand and supply of wood

467

Response to changes in demand/supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response to changes in demand/supply through improved marketing 21.2 http with the mill consuming 450 000 m3 , amounting to 30% of total plywood log demand in 1995. The composites board, statistics of demand and supply of wood, costs and competitiveness were analysed. The reactions

468

Energy demand forecasting: industry practices and challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate forecasting of energy demand plays a key role for utility companies, network operators, producers and suppliers of energy. Demand forecasts are utilized for unit commitment, market bidding, network operation and maintenance, integration of renewable ... Keywords: analytics, energy demand forecasting, machine learning, renewable energy sources, smart grids, smart meters

Mathieu Sinn

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Smart Buildings Using Demand Response March 6, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Buildings Using Demand Response March 6, 2011 Sila Kiliccote Deputy, Demand Response Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Demand Response Research Center 1 #12;Presentation Outline Demand Response Research Center ­ DRRC Vision and Research Portfolio Introduction to Demand

Kammen, Daniel M.

470

Energy demand and population changes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since World War II, US energy demand has grown more rapidly than population, so that per capita consumption of energy was about 60% higher in 1978 than in 1947. Population growth and the expansion of per capita real incomes have led to a greater use of energy. The aging of the US population is expected to increase per capita energy consumption, despite the increase in the proportion of persons over 65, who consume less energy than employed persons. The sharp decline in the population under 18 has led to an expansion in the relative proportion of population in the prime-labor-force age groups. Employed persons are heavy users of energy. The growth of the work force and GNP is largely attributable to the growing participation of females. Another important consequence of female employment is the growth in ownership of personal automobiles. A third factor pushing up labor-force growth is the steady influx of illegal aliens.

Allen, E.L.; Edmonds, J.A.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Electricity demand analysis - unconstrained vs constrained scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In India, the electricity systems are chronically constrained by shortage of both capital and energy resources. These result in rationing and interruptions of supply with a severely disrupted electricity usage pattern. From this background, we try to analyse the demand patterns with and without resource constraints. Accordingly, it is necessary to model appropriately the dynamic nature of electricity demand, which cannot be captured by methods like annual load duration curves. Therefore, we use the concept - Representative Load Curves (RLCs) - to model the temporal and structural variations in demand. As a case study, the electricity system of the state of Karnataka in India is used. Four years demand data, two unconstrained and two constrained, are used and RLCs are developed using multiple discriminant analysis. It is found that these RLCs adequately model the variations in demand and bring out distinctions between unconstrained and constrained demand patterns. The demand analysis attempted here helped to study the differences in demand patterns with and without constraints, and the success of rationing measures in reducing demand levels as well as greatly disrupting the electricity usage patterns. Multifactor ANOVA analyses are performed to find out the statistical significance of the ability of logically obtained factors in explaining overall variations in demand. The results showed that the factors that are taken into consideration accounted for maximum variations in demand at very high significance levels.

P. Balachandra; V. Chandru; M.H. Bala Subrahmanya

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Measurement and Verification for Demand Response  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Measurement and Verification for Measurement and Verification for Demand Response Prepared for the National Forum on the National Action Plan on Demand Response: Measurement and Verification Working Group AUTHORS: Miriam L. Goldberg & G. Kennedy Agnew-DNV KEMA Energy and Sustainability National Forum of the National Action Plan on Demand Response Measurement and Verification for Demand Response was developed to fulfill part of the Implementation Proposal for The National Action Plan on Demand Response, a report to Congress jointly issued by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in June 2011. Part of that implementation proposal called for a "National Forum" on demand response to be conducted by DOE and FERC. Given that demand response has matured, DOE and FERC decided that a "virtual" project

473

Secure Demand Shaping for Smart Grid On constructing probabilistic demand response schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Demand Shaping for Smart Grid On constructing probabilistic demand response schemes. Developing novel schemes for demand response in smart electric gird is an increasingly active research area/SCADA for demand response in smart infrastructures face the following dilemma: On one hand, in order to increase

Sastry, S. Shankar

474

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energy intensity is not necessarily a good indicator of energy efficiency, whereas by controllingUS Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Massimo www.cepe.ethz.ch #12;US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier

475

Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly Restoring Electrical Service: a Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (August 2006)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Section 1816 of EPACT calls for a report on the benefits of using mobile transformers and mobile substations (MTS) to rapidly restore electrical service to areas subjected to blackouts as a result...

476

OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND AND EXPENDITURES: LOWER SNAKE RIVER RESERVOIRS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND AND EXPENDITURES: LOWER SNAKE RIVER RESERVOIRS John R. Mc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v SECTION ONE - OUTDOOR RECREATION DEMAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Recreation Demand Methods

O'Laughlin, Jay

477

LEED Demand Response Credit: A Plan for Research towards Implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. McParland, Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsand Open Automated Demand Response", Grid Interop Forum,Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of

Kiliccote, Sila

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Open Automated Demand Response. In Grid Interop Forum.work was sponsored by the Demand Response Research Center (load-management.php. Demand Response Research Center (2009).

Goli, Sasank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Linking Continuous Energy Management and Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. Barat, D. Watson. Demand Response Spinning ReserveOpen Automated Demand Response Communication Standards:Dynamic Controls for Demand Response in a New Commercial

Piette, Mary Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Northwest Open Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliability signals for demand response GTA HTTPS HVAC IT kWand Commissioning Automated Demand Response Systems. ”and Techniques for Demand Response. California Energy

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification (Version 1.0)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Techniques for Demand Response. May 2007. LBNL-59975.to facilitate automating  demand response actions at the Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure,

Piette, Mary Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Open Automated Demand Response for Small Commerical Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Fully Automated Demand  Response in Large Facilities.  Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities.  Open Automated  Demand Response Communication Standards: 

Dudley, June Han

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Scenarios for Consuming Standardized Automated Demand Response Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities.Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities.Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure.

Koch, Ed

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability Corporation. Demand response data task force:Energy. Benefits of demand response in electricity marketsAssessment of demand response & advanced metering, staff

Cappers, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Direct versus Facility Centric Load Control for Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure.and Techniques for Demand Response. LBNL Report 59975. Mayand Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency

Piette, Mary Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goodin. 2009. “Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsin Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services. ” InOpen Automated Demand Response Demonstration Project. LBNL-

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Demand Response Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advanced metering and demand response in electricityGoldman, and D. Kathan. “Demand response in U.S. electricity29] DOE. Benefits of demand response in electricity markets

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Opportunities, Barriers and Actions for Industrial Demand Response in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 Table 2. Demand Side Management Framework for IndustrialDR Strategies The demand-side management (DSM) frameworkpresented in Table 2. Demand Side Management Framework for

McKane, Aimee T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ROLE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN DEFAULT SERVICE PRICING Galenfor providing much-needed demand response in electricitycompetitive retail markets, demand response often appears to

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Chuck; Neenan, Bernie

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center onThe Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing Galenfor providing much-needed demand response in electricity

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Linking Continuous Energy Management and Open Automated Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

description of six energy and demand management concepts.how quickly it can modify energy demand. This is not a newimprovements in both energy efficiency and demand response (

Piette, Mary Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute, “Curbing Global Energy Demand Growth: The Energyup Assessment of Energy Demand in India Transportationa profound effect on energy demand. Policy analysts wishing

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Definition: Demand Side Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Management Side Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand Side Management The term for all activities or programs undertaken by Load-Serving Entity or its customers to influence the amount or timing of electricity they use.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Energy demand management, also known as demand side management (DSM), is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Usually, the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours, or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption, but could be expected to reduce the need

495

Electricity Demand and Energy Consumption Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project describes the electricity demand and energy consumption management system and its application to the Smelter Plant of Southern Peru. It is composted of an hourly demand-forecasting module and of a simulation component for a plant electrical system. The first module was done using dynamic neural networks, with backpropagation training algorithm; it is used to predict the electric power demanded every hour, with an error percentage below of 1%. This information allows management the peak demand before this happen, distributing the raise of electric load to other hours or improving those equipments that increase the demand. The simulation module is based in advanced estimation techniques, such as: parametric estimation, neural network modeling, statistic regression and previously developed models, which simulates the electric behavior of the smelter plant. These modules allow the proper planning because it allows knowing the behavior of the hourly demand and the consumption patterns of the plant, in...

Sarmiento, Juan Ojeda

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into distributed intelligent-automated demand response (DIADR) building management systems. Project Description This project aims to develop a DIADR building management system with intelligent optimization and control algorithms for demand management, taking into account a multitude of factors affecting cost including: Comfort Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) Lighting Other building systems Climate Usage and occupancy patterns. The key challenge is to provide the demand response the ability to address more and more complex building systems that include a variety of loads,

497

Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Encyclopedia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Encyclopedia Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Encyclopedia Agency/Company /Organization: Victoria Transport Policy Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: Implementation Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm12.htm Cost: Free Language: English References: Victoria Transport Policy Institute[1] "The Online TDM Encyclopedia is the world's most comprehensive information resource concerning innovative transportation management strategies. It describes dozens of Transportation Demand Management (TDM) strategies and contains information on TDM planning, evaluation and implementation. It has thousands of hyperlinks that provide instant access

498

The Retail Planning Problem under Demand Uncertainty.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Rajaram K. , (2000), “Accurate Retail Testing of FashionThe Retail Planning Problem Under Demand Uncertainty GeorgeAbstract We consider the Retail Planning Problem in which

Georgiadis, G.; Rajaram, K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17 6. Barriers to Retail23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and6 Table 3. SPP Retail DR Survey

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water heaters with embedded demand responsive controls can be designed to automatically provide day-ahead and real-time response

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z