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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

A Case Study on Remote Dispatch of Customer-Owned Resources:Consolidated Edison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study from the Consolidated Edison Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative addresses the implementa­tion of a key component of a “virtual power plant,” an automated demand response (AutoDR) application for the remote dispatch of distributed customer-owned resources.The Consolidated Edison demonstration is focused on develop­ing the technology necessary to integrate distributed resources into the utility’s distribution system and distribution control ...

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

2

Cutting costs through substation ownership  

SciTech Connect

The term applied to service through a customer-owned main substation is primary service, and such customers are billed at primary metering rates. These terms denote that the customer accepts service (and billing metering is located) on the primary, rather than secondary, side of the main transformer. Some electric utilities are prepared to offer extremely attractive billing reductions to those customers willing to invest in their own main substations instead of renting a substation purchased with utility company capital. Depending on the utility and the particular circumstances, some plants can recover their investment in primary substation equipment in as little as 1 or 2 years.

Keithly, D. (ABB Electric, Waukesba, WI (US))

1989-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

Blending a Substation into its Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the demand for substations in residential and urban areas increasesand the public's tolerance of substations in their backyard decreaseselectric companies are faced with the growing challenge to reduce substation impact in terms of footprint, aesthetics, noise, interference, environmental impact, and safety. In parallel, there is an increasing demand to make substations more physically secure. This EPRI project is built on the premise that reducing a substation's impact on its surroundingsand making i...

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

4

New controllers aid substation automation  

SciTech Connect

Descriptions of and experience with Siemens voltage regulators, voltage regulator control panels, and digital meters used by two electric cooperatives are described. Magic Valley Electric Cooperative in Texas retrofitted substations to improve substation regulation control. 54 Siemens MJ-XTM voltage regulator control panels were installed, replacing load tap changer control units and single-stage voltage regulator control units. The Smoky Hill Electric Cooperative in Kansas installed Siemens 4700 digital meters and upgraded substation voltage regulators with Siemens JFR single-phase, step voltage regulators to address nightly overvoltage and summer peak demand problems.

Beaty, W.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Planning substation capacity under the single-contingency scenario  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Florida Power and Light (FPL) adopts the single contingency emergency policy for its planning of substation capacity. This paper provides an approach to determine the maximum load which a substation can take on under such a policy. The approach consists of two LP models which determine: (1) the maximum substation load capacity, and (2) the reallocation of load when a substation`s demand cannot be met. Both models are formulated under the single-contingency scenario, an issue which had received little attention in the literature. Not only does the explicit treatment of the scenario provide an exact measure of a substation`s load limit, it also raises several important issues which previous works omit. These two models have been applied to the substation network of the Fort Myers District of the State of Florida.

Leung, L.C. [Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin (Hong Kong). Decision Sciences and Managerial Economics; Khator, S.K. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Industrial and Management Systems Engineering; Schnepp, J.C. [Crest Ultrasonics, Trenton, NJ (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Substation voltage upgrading  

SciTech Connect

Substation voltage uprating, i.e., conversion of a substation from a lower rated voltage to a higher rated voltage without a complete substation rebuild, can lead to excellent economic benefits. Utilization of the old substation layout and/or the existing equipment, to some extent, is the practical objective of such an uprating. The objective of this project was to assess the opportunities for substation uprating in the industry, to establish feasibility for such uprating and to study methods for accomplishing it. The final aim of the project was to provide guidance to utilities interested in uprating. 56 refs., 41 figs., 18 tabs.

Panek, J.; Elahi, H.; Sublich, M. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (USA). Systems Development and Engineering Dept.)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

11111111111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDemandComments If customer owns its substation and facilities to receive power at a delivery point, then customer shall be entitled...

8

Substation Data Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the project was to implement a field demonstration of automated substation data integration. To achieve the goal of the smart grid, it will be necessary to integrate substation intelligent electronic device (IED) data into a data warehouse or data mart. Converting data to information to allow improved decision making requires automation, which is referred to as an information smart approach. The report discusses automated integration of data from substation IEDs and automated analysis of r...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California Summary The...

10

Substation Stormwater Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric substations have unique considerations in stormwater management due to the presence of high voltage lines and fluids that create contaminant concerns. In response to the changing regulatory climate, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) members identified a need to assess and develop stormwater management strategies to control discharges from electric substation construction sites.BackgroundStormwater regulation is becoming more stringent across ...

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

11

Substation voltage upgrading  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses specific issues to support sound yet not unduly conservative uprating practices for substations. The main parts of the report cover the insulation withstand and overvoltage protection aspects, environmental measurements, reliability criteria, and industry experience. First the insulation design concerns are addressed. Substation stress by a backflashover of the line insulation due to lightning in the vicinity of the substation is recognized as a critical stress. A representative part of a 550 kV BIL substation was erected at the EPRI High Voltage Transmission Research Center, where also a special test circuit was assembled to produce a fast front, slow tail (0.2/200 {mu}s) wave. The substation as well as some special configurations were tested for line-to-ground and line-to-line withstand. Computer studies were performed to complement the test results. A number of important conclusions was reached. The most prominent result in that the high frequency oscillations, as caused by reflections within the substation, do not effect the Critical Flashover Voltage (CFO). The present practice, based on the highest peak is therefore very conservative. The slow tail of the wave appears to dictate the CFO. An arrester model for computer studies to represent very fast as well as slow phenomena was derived. It is based on full scale arrester test data, made available in this project. The computer program to calculate arrester model parameters is also a part of the report. The electric environmental measurements are reported for the tested substation at the HVTRC and for the uprated substation of Public Service Company of Colorado, both before and after the uprating. The performance is satisfactory when corona free hardware is used. Insulation design criteria are analyzed based on substation reliability, the system viewpoint and consequences of the failure. Utility experience with uprated substations is reviewed.

Panek, J.; Elahi, H.; Lux, A.; Imece, A.F. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.); LaPanse, R.A.; Stewart, J.R. (Public Service Co. of Colorado, Denver, CO (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Repairable Components," Power Learn Electric Power Engineering Education, Module PE.PAS.U15.5, 2005. #12;SubstationSubstation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead

McCalley, James D.

13

Microgrid Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dispatch for Macrogrid Peak- Demand Mitigation NicholasDispatch for Macrogrid Peak-Demand Mitigation Nicholasdetermine whether the peak demand on the substation feeder

DeForest, Nicholas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Substation Site Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Companies assess environmental conditions at their facilities as part of routine operations and in preparation of property transfers. This report and template provide a simple, efficient guide for assessing substation facilities.

2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

15

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 5, is an applications guide of the three computer programs. SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS, for the purpose of designing a safe substation grounding system. The applications guide utilizes four example substation grounding systems for the purpose of illustrating the application of the programs, SOMIP, SMECC, and SGSYS. The examples are based on data provided by four contributing utilities, namely, Houston Lighting and Power Company, Southern Company Services, Puget Sound Power and Light Company, and Arizona Public Service Company. For the purpose of illustrating specific capabilities of the computer programs, the data have been modified. As a result, the final designs of the four systems do not necessarily represent actual grounding system designs by these utilities. The example system 1 is a 138 kV/35 kV distribution substation. The example system 2 is a medium size 230 kV/115 kV transmission substation. The third example system is a generation substation while the last is a large 525 kV/345 kV/230 kV transmission substation. The four examples cover most of the practical problems that a user may encounter in the design of substation grounding systems.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Substation Grounding Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an account of research performed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in 2011 on the subject of degradation of buried grounding grids in electric power substations. Substation ground grids are usually made of copper conductors, which are placed below grade and are joined together and to the above-grade structures with various types of connectors. While above-grade connections are visible and may be inspected, below-grade connections are not visible or readily accessible for insp...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

17

EPRI Substation Grounding Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has been conducting research in the area of substation grounding and fault current management for several decades. This research has resulted in a large number of reports and other products. To help users locate the results of EPRI’s research in substation grounding and fault current management, an annual update is prepared containing brief descriptions of the products.ObjectiveThe objective of this report is ...

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

18

Substation equipment diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in signal processing techniques have paved the way for utilities to effectively meet the challenge of using existing assets more fully while maintaining traditional service reliability. Over the last 10 years, the author's institute has been applying these technological advances in the area of transmission substations to develop substation diagnostic devices and systems. Their involvement with transformer diagnostic is discussed in this paper.

Nilsson, S. (Electrical Equipment Div., Electric Power Research Inst. (US))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Reclamations Mead Substation  

SciTech Connect

This 35 million dollar facility will be a vital part of the Pacific Northwest-Southwest Intertie. It will be one of the four terminals in the project, involving ehv direct current transmission of power. After site preparation, construction began July 25 on the Bureau of Reclamations Mead Substation. This is a key dc, ac terminal of the Pacific Northwest-Southwest Intertie. The entire Mead Substation, fully equipped with both ac and dc facilities, is scheduled for completion by September 1971.

Bennet, N.B.

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shall be given a credit of 0.60 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Substation automation problems and possibilities  

SciTech Connect

The evolutionary growth in the use and application of microprocessors in substations has brought the industry to the point of considering integrated substation protection, control, and monitoring systems. An integrated system holds the promise of greatly reducing the design, documentation, and implementation cost for the substation control, protection, and monitoring systems. This article examines the technical development path and the present implementation problems.

Smith, H.L.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Substation Equipment Life Extension Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are under increasing pressure to maintain service reliability while operating aging transmission substations with leaner maintenance budgets and fewer experienced personnel. A structured life extension program can help utilities make equipment maintenance, replacement, and refurbishment decisions that ensure safe, reliable, cost-effective operation of transmission substation equipment. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) report Life Extension Guidelines for Substation Equipment-Fi...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

23

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 2, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SMECC (Substation Maximum Earth Current Computation Program). This program analyzes the electric current distribution among grounded structures inside and outside a substation for different fault conditions. The fault conditions are automatically selected by the program, or they may be specified by the user, or both. The fault condition resulting in maximum substation earth current is identified and reported. Data requirements for this program are: ground impedance, transformer data, transmission line data, transmission line grounding impedances, etc. The program provides four types of standard outputs: (1) a report of voltages and current flow in the unfaulted system, (2) a brief report of the maximum ground potential rise (worst fault condition), (3) a summary report of all fault conditions which have been analyzed by the program, and (4) a detailed report of voltages and current flow for a selected set of fault conditions.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Substation Bus Ampacity Uprating: Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuous increase in demand for electric power has pushed some of the components in the Con Edison system to their design limits. These limits, established in the past, were often selected with general and conservative assumptions. Consequently, Con Edison requested the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to investigate the possibility of raising the rating of their 3,000A substation bus to a higher value.The first step in the investigation was to conduct a feasibility study ...

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Substation EMC Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electromagnetic (EM) environment in an electric power substation presents a challenging electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) problem. High voltages and currents, combined with devices such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) and high voltage DC (HVDC) converters, have the potential to create EM environments that can interfere with the operation of control systems and nearby electronic devices. There have been a number of unexplained outages at FACTS facilities that are suspected of being EMI-r...

2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

26

PUREX new substation ATR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the acceptance test report (ATR) for the New PUREX Main and Minisubstations. It covers the factory and vendor acceptance and commissioning test reports. Reports are presented for the Main 5 kV substation building, the building fire system, switchgear, and vacuum breaker; the minisubstation control building and switch gear; commissioning test; electrical system and loads inspection; electrical utilities transformer and cable; and relay setting changes based on operational experience.

Nelson, D.E.

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

27

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

This document is a users manual and applications guide for the software package SGA. This package comprises four computer programs, namely SOMIP, SMECC, SGSYS, and TGRND. The first three programs are analysis models which are to be used in the design process of substation grounding systems. The fourth program, TGRND, is an analysis program for determining the transient response of a grounding system. This report, Volume 3, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SGSYS (Substation Grounding SYStem Analysis Program). This program analyzes the substation ground field given the total electric current injected into the ground field and the design of the grounding system. Standard outputs of the program are (1) total ground resistance, (2) step voltage, (3) touch voltage, (4) voltages on a grid of points, (5) voltage profile along straight lines, (6) transfer voltages, (7) ground potential rise, (8) body currents, (9) step voltage profile along straight lines, and (10) touch voltage profile along straight lines. This program can be utilized in an interactive or batch mode. In the interactive mode, the user defines the grounding system geometry, soil parameters, and output requests interactively, with the use of a user friendly conversational program. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. An appendix provides forms which facilitate data collection procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SGSYS and provides a test case for validation purposes.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). Electric Power Lab.)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Substation EMC Standards: Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The substation presents a unique combination of critical and sensitive equipment embedded in a very harsh electromagnetic interference (EMI) environment. Electromagnetic (EM) noise is naturally generated by the normal operation of relays, disconnect switches, and circuit breakers in high voltage (HV) substations. Substations that incorporate flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) and high voltage DC (HVDC) converters can create additional high frequency (HF) EM noise that may interfere with the operati...

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

29

Substation Reliability Centered Maintenance  

SciTech Connect

Substation Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) is a technique that is used to develop maintenance plans and criteria so the operational capability of substation equipment is achieved, restored, or maintained. The objective of the RCM process is to focus attention on system equipment in a manner that leads to the formulation of an optimal maintenance plan. The RCM concept originated in the airline industry in the 1970s and has been used since 1985 to establish maintenance requirements for nuclear power plants. The RCM process is initially applied during the design and development phase of equipment or systems on the premise that reliability is a design characteristic. It is then reapplied, as necessary, during the operational phase to sustain a more optimal maintenance program based on actual field experiences. The purpose of the RCM process is to develop a maintenance program that provides desired or specified levels of operational safety and reliability at the lowest possible overall cost. The objectives are to predict or detect and correct incipient failures before they occur or before they develop into major defects, reduce the probability of failure, detect hidden problems, and improve the cost-effectiveness of the maintenance program. RCM accomplishes two basic purposes: (1) It identifies in real-time incipient equipment problems, averting potentially expensive catastrophic failures by communicating potential problems to appropriate system operators and maintenance personnel. (2) It provides decision support by recommending, identifying, and scheduling preventive maintenance. Recommendations are based on maintenance criteria, maintenance history, experience with similar equipment, real-time field data, and resource constraints. Hardware and software are used to accomplish these two purposes. The RCM system includes instrumentation that monitors critical substation equipment as well as computer software that helps analyze equipment data.

Purucker, S.L.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Substation automation gains momentum with modern options  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses issues associated with utility substation automation. Monitoring equipment for monitoring power flow, quality, and harmonics for three substations simultaneously is described.

Beaty, W.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Substation battery-maintenance procedures  

SciTech Connect

The frequency of substation battery failures is gratifyingly low. One trouble spot appears to be extraneous short circuits that drain an otherwise healthy battery. Use of the lead--calcium battery promises to reduce substantially the amount of maintenance that substation batteries need.

Timmerman, M.H.

1976-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Substation grounding programs  

SciTech Connect

The five volume report comprises the user manual, installation, and validation manual and an applications guide for the SGA (Substation Grounding Analysis) software package. SGA consists of four computer programs: (1) SOMIP, (2) SMECC, (3) SGSYS, and (4) TGRND. The first three programs provide a comprehensive analysis tool for the design of substation grounding systems to meet safety standards. The fourth program, TGRND, provides a state of the art analysis tool for computing transient ground potential rise and ground system impedance. This part of the report, Volume 1, is a users manual and an installation and validation manual for the computer program SOMIP (SOil Measurement Interpretation Program). This program computes the best estimate of the parameters of a two layer soil model from usual soil resistivity measurements. Four pin or three pin soil measurements can be accommodated. In addition, it provides error bounds on the soil parameters for a given confidence level. The users manual describes data requirements and data preparation procedures. The installation and validation manual describes the computer files which make up the program SOMIP and provides two test cases for validation purposes. 4 refs.

Meliopoulos, A.P.S. (Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

DEVELOPING FUTURE SUBSTATION AUTOMATION STRATEGIES: SELECTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Repairable Components," Power Learn Electric Power Engineering Education, Module PE.PAS.U15.5, 2005. #12;SubstationSubstation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead

Kezunovic, Mladen

34

The All Superconducting Substation: A Comparison with a Conventional Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional substations today are quite similar in appearance to those of 50 years ago. However, substation components, efficiency, and safety have improved considerably in that time. If the improvements are to continue, different technologies will be required in the future. Superconducting devices such as transformers and cables are under development at present and may provide more efficient and more reliable service than conventional components. This report describes the effects of substituting superc...

2000-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Substation control and protection project  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of EPRI-sponsored Project RP1359-7, dealing with digital protection and control of transmission class substations. Earlier work involved a study of the feasibility of an integrated protection and control system, specification of functional requirements and selection of the optimum architecture for the system. An integrated system including line, bus and transformer protection was designed, built and laboratory tested. It was subsequently installed at the Deans substation of Public Service Electric and Gas (New Jersey). A standalone, digital transmission line system was built and installed at the Branchburg substation of PSE G, for coordinated line protection with the integrated system. The system is called WESPAC, an acronym for Westinghouse Substation Protection and Control. 52 refs., 174 figs.

Cassel, R.L.; Deliyannides, J.S.; Dzieduszko, J.W.; Harvey, J.H.; Hertz, L.H.; Klancher, F.; Mays, L.M.; McGarry, M.J.; Pettis, L.G.; Pistolese, L.F.; Reuther, J.F.; Sackin, M.; Szarmach, D.J.; Udren, E.A. (Westinghouse ABB Power T and D Co., Coral Springs, FL (USA). Relay and Telecommunications Div.)

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fault diagnosis using substation computer  

SciTech Connect

A number of substation integrated control and protection systems (ICPS) are being developed around the world, where the protective relaying, control, and monitoring functions of a substation are implemented using microprocessors. In this design, conventional relays and control devices are replaced by clusters of microprocessors, interconnected by multiplexed digital communication channels using fibre optic, twisted wire pairs or coaxial cables. The ICPS incorporates enhanced functions of value to the utility and leads to further advancement of the automation of transmission substations. This paper presents an automated method of fault diagnosis which can be incorporated in the station computer of an integrated control and protection system. The effectiveness of this method is demonstrated using a transmission-level substation as an example.

Jeyasurya, B. (Indian Inst. of Tech., Bombay (India)); Venkata, S.S. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Vadari, S.V. (ESCA Corp., Bellevue, WA (USA)); Postforoosh, J. (T and D. Protection Group, Puget Sound Power and Light, Bellevue, WA (US))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Substation Energy Storage Product Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This substation energy storage specification is intended to facilitate utility procurement of large grid-connected electrical energy storage systems that would typically be connected at medium voltage at distribution substations. Few utilities have experience with devices of this type, and industry practices are not extensively developed. Therefore, this update report may be used as a guide to suppliers of these devices (who may be unfamiliar with utility practices) as well as distribution utilities ...

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

38

Live Work Guide for Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Live work (work on energized circuits) is the preferred method of maintenance where system integrity, system reliability, and operating revenues are at a premium and removal of a circuit or a substation from service is not acceptable. Live work (LW) may also be beneficial in construction and storm damage repair. Furthermore, live work may be unavoidable in the case of substations that serve essential facilities such as hospitals, law enforcement, fire departments, and intrusion alarms if standby local ge...

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

Electric power substation capital costs  

SciTech Connect

The displacement or deferral of substation equipment is a key benefit associated with several technologies that are being developed with the support of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies. This could occur, for example, as a result of installing a distributed generating resource within an electricity distribution system. The objective of this study was to develop a model for preparing preliminary estimates of substation capital costs based on rudimentary conceptual design information. The model is intended to be used by energy systems analysts who need ``ballpark`` substation cost estimates to help establish the value of advanced utility technologies that result in the deferral or displacement of substation equipment. This cost-estimating model requires only minimal inputs. More detailed cost-estimating approaches are recommended when more detailed design information is available. The model was developed by collecting and evaluating approximately 20 sets of substation design and cost data from about 10 US sources, including federal power marketing agencies and private and public electric utilities. The model is principally based on data provided by one of these sources. Estimates prepared with the model were compared with estimated and actual costs for the data sets received from the other utilities. In general, good agreement (for conceptual level estimating) was found between estimates prepared with the cost-estimating model and those prepared by the individual utilities. Thus, the model was judged to be adequate for making preliminary estimates of typical substation costs for US utilities.

Dagle, J.E.; Brown, D.R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Scoping study: Substation design workstation  

SciTech Connect

This project conducted a survey, consisting of a written questionaire, a workshop, and site visits to determine what facets of substation engineering would benefit from incorporation into a workstation environment. Based on the needs expressed by the respondents, a program for the staged development of a Substation Workstation is recommended. Six analytical function modules for assisting in substation engineering were identified for potential inclusion in the workstation: Initial Planning Activities; Physical Plant Design; Analytical Functions; Civil/Structural Design; Environmental Design; and Project Management. The initial release of the Substation Workstation is recommended to include the workstation environment (including MENTOR -- a concept for on-line help, tutorials, notepad, a minor spreadsheet, and interfaces to other regular desktop functions) and portions of the first three functional modules listed above. Recommendations for progress beyond this first release of the workstation included the development of additional capabilities within the initial functional modules, as well as the development of the remaining modules. An overlap exists between the analytical requirements for this workstation and those already included in the EPRI TLWorkstation and the ICWorkstation. In some cases, elements of these other workstations are also suggested for incorporation into the Substation Workstation (such as the foundation analyses from the TLWorkstation), and in others, an assimilation of the other workstation into the Substation Workstation is recommended (as with the ICWorkstation). Estimated resources for implementing the recommended program, including both costs and development time, are also provided.

Mauser, S.F. (Power Technologies, Inc., Wilmerding, PA (United States)); Conroy, M.W. (Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States)); Singh, N.M. (Power Computing, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Definition: Dispersed Load By Substations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

By Substations Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dispersed Load By Substations Substation load information configured to represent a system for power flow or system...

42

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Customers over 1000 KW Demand With Primary Metering and Customer Owned TransformerSubstation Equipment. "On Peak" period: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding...

43

Ashland Area Support Substation Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power Light Company's (PP L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP L's Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW's) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...

45

Blending a Substation into Its Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides case studies and analyses of technologies to demonstrate that the use of gas-insulated stations (GIS) technology helps utilities to site substations in locations that would pose significant challenges to conventional outdoor substations.

2007-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

46

Substation Sensor Database Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Substation Sensor database provides utilities with a searchable list of sensors available to be applied in substation applications. The Substation Sensor Database provides a searchable database of sensors available to substation engineers, categorized by Area, Component, Sub-Component, Parameter, and Technology. By specifying each category, the list can be filtered to a sub-set of sensors. By clicking on a sensorname, details can be viewed including a description, sensor maturity, and a link to the m...

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

Reevaluation of IEEE and IEC Substation Design, Operations, and Maintenance Standards Considering Increased Fault Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing demand for utility substations to pass higher and higher levels of throughput power has the consequence of driving up levels of short circuit (SC) currents from 63 kA to as high as 100 kA. Knowing whether substation bus structures and electrical equipment are capable of safely passing these higher levels of currents is a pressing need of substation personnel responsible for design, operation, and maintenance of station assets. This report presents results of a preliminary study ...

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

Proceedings: Tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference  

SciTech Connect

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Proceedings: Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference IX  

SciTech Connect

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The ninth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Proceedings: Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference VIII  

SciTech Connect

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The eighth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

None

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Proceedings: Tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

2002-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

52

Substation Ground Grid Impedance Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because safety impacts all segments of the electric power industry, the integrity and conformance to standards of substation grounding systems is of paramount importance. This report summarizes field demonstrations of commercially available meters for performance evaluation of large grounding systems, including the EPRI Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter or SGM).

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

53

East Grangeville Substation : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

BPA proposes to build a 6/8 MVA, 115/13.8-kV substation about 0.7 mile (1.2 km) east of Grangeville, Idaho. BPA's substation yard would comprise an area of 70 by 72 feet (21 by 22 m) containing a 115/13.8-kV transformer. Energization for the substation is scheduled for September 1983. In connected actions the Co-op would build a 13.8-kV switching station and a 13.8/34.5-kV step-up station. The Co-op would require an area of 100 by 55 feet (31 by 17 m) in addition to the BPA yard. The total area needed for the combined BPA/Co-op substation would be approximately 170 by 127 feet (52 by 40 m) or one-half of an acre (0.20 ha). The Co-op would also build two 13.8-kV feeders and one 34.5-kV feeder underground south of the substation to overhead distribution lines along State Highway 13 with space for one future feeder. Another 13.8-kV feeder would exit the substation underground and loop around to the north to reconnect to the existing 13.8-kV overhead line. TWWP would build a tapline from their Grangeville-Kamiah-Nez Perce (Grangeville-Nez Perce No. 2) 115-kV transmission line to the substation. This line would be approximately 0.75 mile (1.2 km) long and would consist of single wood pole structures built on the route of an existing Co-op distribution line. The new and existing lines would use the same poles. A temporary access road would be built for 0.25 mile (0.4 km). The remaining 0.5 mile (0.8 km) section would be adjacent to a county road and would not require an access road. Two sites were identified as meeting the technical requirements. Site 2 is recommended.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

MOV surge arresters: improved substation equipment protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of metal-oxide-varistor (MOV) surge arresters has added a new dimension to substation equipment protection. Through the optimal use of these arresters, it is possible to lower surge arrester ratings and thereby improve protective margins, resulting in a possible reduction of the insulation levels (BIL) of substation equipment. This reduction in BIL can lead to a significant reduction in the cost of substation equipment. General methods are delineated for selecting MOV surge arresters for substation protection and the resulting effect on substation equipment insulation levels.

Niebuhr, W.D.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Wolf Point Substation, Roosevelt County, Montana  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Western Area Power Administration (Western), an agency of the United States Department of Energy, is proposing to construct the 115-kV Wolf Point Substation near Wolf Point in Roosevelt County, Montana (Figure 1). As part of the construction project, Western's existing Wolf Point Substation would be taken out of service. The existing 115-kV Wolf Point Substation is located approximately 3 miles west of Wolf Point, Montana (Figure 2). The substation was constructed in 1949. The existing Wolf Point Substation serves as a Switching Station'' for the 115-kV transmission in the region. The need for substation improvements is based on operational and reliability issues. For this environmental assessment (EA), the environmental review of the proposed project took into account the removal of the old Wolf Point Substation, rerouting of the five Western lines and four lines from the Cooperatives and Montana-Dakota Utilities Company, and the new road into the proposed substation. Reference to the new proposed Wolf Point Substation in the EA includes these facilities as well as the old substation site. The environmental review looked at the impacts to all resource areas in the Wolf Point area. 7 refs., 6 figs.

Not Available

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Multiple Uses of Substation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a suite of modules developed under the Multiple Uses of Substation Data project. The modules are aimed at the integration and automated analysis of data coming from several Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) such as Digital Protective Relays, Digital Fault Recorders and Circuit Breaker Monitors. Once data are collected, automated analysis processes the files to extract relevant information. The modules convert non-operational data to information that may be used by variety of app...

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

57

International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 61850 Substation Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Electrotechnical Commission Standard IEC 61580 is an emerging standard for advanced utility automation that provides a rich, hierarchical data and behavior model for use in sophisticated substation control and protection equipment. One of the important features introduced by IEC 61850 is the replacement of the wires used to exchange binary and analog information between Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) with communication messages. In a conventional substation, the substation engine...

2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

58

Blending a Substation into its Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides information about public acceptance issues as well as technical approaches available to make substations acceptable within their environments. Case studies were used to examine substation acceptance experience from utilities in different countries and areas. This is the second report in a multi-year effort to build a multi-volume library on Blending a Substation into its Environment. Volume 1 examined available literature, standards, guides, and regulations that affect the blending o...

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

59

Probabilistic economic evaluation of substation seismic upgrade  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a methodology for deciding whether or not to implement seismic design modifications at Southern California Edison's (SCE) Substation facilities. The method considers the potential for substation capability loss resulting from earthquake damage, cost of seismic modification made today, the cost of damage restoration after that modification is made, the cost of doing nothing now, and the site specific earthquake probability. Based on these findings, recommendations for seismic modifications of substation facilities could be made.

Ong, T.L.; Ensign, R.L.; Martin, D.F.; Richter, H.L. (Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Guidelines for Implementing Substation Automation Using UCA-SA (Utility Communications Architecture-Substation Automation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidelines for substation engineers, information technologists, and utility managers on the information issues related to substation automation, in particular when UCA-SA (Utility Communications Architecture – Substation Automation IEC61850) standards are used. Substation automation is a new challenge for the utility industry, and these guidelines provide the overall vision as well as the specific steps that should be taken for successful implementation of this new enabling cap...

2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Substation evaluation using Diagnostic Logic System (DIALOG)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project investigated the feasibility of applying a Diagnostic Logic System (DIAGLOG) to evaluate substation operation. The purpose was to see if a determination can be made as to whether the equipment in a substation operated correctly or not when an operating event occurred. The work was directed toward modifying an already proven diagnostic system to create a simplified procedure for describing the operation of substation equipment. Special operating tables or modules of logic were identified for describing relay and breaker operations. The resulting model composed of all the modules connected together is used to evaluate the actual observations available at the substation, and to compare them with what the substation should have produced. The report covers the diagnostic approach used, information on how to construct the modules and examples of diagnosis. Also covered are discussions on the special features of substations that offer a challenge to performing diagnostics. Included in the report are the results of modeling a typical substation and several notes are provided along with an initial library of typical modules which were developed in modeling one of the substations belonging to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. This substation served as a feasibility demonstrator. 15 figs.

Andre, W.L.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations Ignasi in forthcoming publications. Keywords-grounding analysis; earthing analysis, underground substations; I to a river (at substations next to hydroelectric dams), or the grounding system of a buried electrical

Colominas, Ignasi

63

Seismic Studies of Substation Equipment: Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IEEE Standard 693, Recommended Practice for Seismic Design of Substations, is used by electric power utilities to qualify substation equipment for seismic movements. Deficiencies exist in the present standard, and information is unavailable for dynamic response that may be used to better analyze equipment and permit equipment evaluation in case of limited configuration changes, such as insulator substitution.

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

64

Life Extension Guidelines for Other Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are under increasing pressure to maintain service reliability while operating aging transmission substations with tighter, leaner maintenance budgets and fewer experienced personnel. A structured life extension program can help utilities make equipment maintenance, replacement, and refurbishment decisions that ensure safe, reliable, cost-effective operation of transmission substation equipment.BackgroundThe ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

65

Substation Integrated Automation System Based on DSP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Paper introduces the application of digital signal processor (DSP) at Substation Integrated Automation System. Using the powerful digital signal processing capability of DSP, high-speed multi-channel data acquisition function, and excellent data ... Keywords: Substation, Digital Signal Processor, Integrated Automation System

Yanzhe Li; Duowang Fan; Xuwei Dong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Life Extension Guidelines for Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are under increasing pressure to maintain service reliability while operating aging transmission substations with leaner maintenance budgets and fewer experienced personnel. A structured life extension program can help utilities make equipment maintenance, replacement, and refurbishment decisions that ensure safe, reliable, cost-effective operation of transmission substation equipment. EPRI's life extension guidelines for substationsfirst published in 1995 and periodically revisedsupport curre...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

67

Life Extension Guidelines for Other Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are under increasing pressure to maintain service reliability while operating aging transmission substations with tighter, leaner maintenance budgets and fewer experienced personnel. A structured life extension program can help utilities make equipment maintenance, replacement, and refurbishment decisions that ensure safe, reliable, cost-effective operation of transmission substation equipment.BackgroundEPRI’s Life Extension Guidelines for ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations Thijs Baars Lucas van den Bemd Michail Theuns Robin van.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;CYBER SECURITY IN SMART GRID SUBSTATIONS Thijs Baars T.Brinkkemper@uu.nl Abstract. This report describes the state of smart grid security in Europe, specifically the Netherlands

Utrecht, Universiteit

69

Investigation of electric fields of EHV substations  

SciTech Connect

60-Hz and 24-kHz capacitive and monopole probes and testing techniques were developed for full-scale and model ground level electric field strength measurements for EHV substations. A model of an existing 345-kV substation was designed and built. The model was energized using a three phase 24-kHz regulated source. Comparison of corresponding test points shows that the agreement between substation and model measurements is good. Large amounts of model test data can be taken in a short time. Energized scale models can be used in a substation design tool so that the electric field may be mapped and, if necessary, modified. A successful and useful predictive tool has been developed that can handle the three-dimensional complex substation electric fields. Further development will result in a widely available and flexible analog design tool.

Sebo, S.A.; Caldecott, R.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to $3.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

STLOAD 1.0, Substation Equipment Thermal Loading Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Substation Equipment Thermal Loading Program, STLOAD Version 1.0 software is intended for use by substation engineers for the purpose of establishing thermal ratings for and making diagnostic evaluations of substation equipment. STLOAD 1.0 software calculates substation equipment operating temperatures and thermal ratings based on user-specified physical parameters for the equipment and user-specified load and air temperature data. Substation equipment that can be modeled using STLOAD includes strain...

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

2012 SG Peer Review - Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in New York - Andre Wellington, ConEd NY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interoperability of Demand Response Interoperability of Demand Response Resources in NY Andre Wellington Con Edison June 8, 2012 December 2008 Interoperability of Demand Resource Resources in NY Objective Life-cycle Funding ($M) FY08 - FY13 $6.8 million Technical Scope (Insert graphic here) Develop and demonstrate technology required to integrate customer owned resources into the electrical distribution system * Evaluate interconnection designs * Design and install thermal storage plant with enhanced capabilities * Develop AutoDR application for targeted distributed resources 2 December 2008 Needs and Project Targets Develop the technology required to integrate customer owned distributed resources into the distribution system to enable the of deferment capital investments. * Remote dispatch of customer resources

73

Network Security for Substation Automation Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The protection of critical infrastructure against electronic and communication network based attacks becomes more and more important. This work investigates the threat of network-based attacks on substations, the nodes of the electric power grid. Three ...

Martin Naedele; Dacfey Dzung; Michael Stanimirov

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Survey of Substation Equipment Access Control Policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility management and control of access to substations and equipment can help prevent not only unauthorized access by outside agents with ill intent, but also erroneous access to, or erroneous operation of, utility equipment by utility personnel.  This report provides the results of an EPRI–sponsored research project to identify how utilities manage access to transmission and distribution substations and equipment. BackgroundThe enhanced ...

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

75

Assessment of Wireless Technologies in Substation Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New wireless technologies are becoming available that may be applied to electric substations to meet the growing needs for physical security and increased communications. These new technologies must be carefully evaluated to ensure that they meet the purposes for which they are intended. In particular, the technologies must function at remote locations and within the electrically noisy environments of substations. This report surveys and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of wireless technologies used...

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

76

Proceedings from EPRI's XV Substation Diagnostic Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference XV convened in Orlando, Florida, from March 2 5, 2008, to assemble, assess, and communicate information on the latest diagnostic techniques, monitoring devices, and systems for substation equipment. This conference was the fifteenth in a series that began in 1992. It focused on the latest monitoring and diagnostic techniques being developed by EPRI and others in research programs, as well as equipment and programs now available and in service by electr...

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

77

Advanced Power Electronics Controllers for Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substations located at various points in the power delivery system serve several purposes. In a broad sense, power substations are installations capable of interrupting or establishing electric circuits and changing the voltage level, frequency, or other characteristic of the electric energy flow. Solid-state power electronic switching devices are continuing to evolve and multi-megawatt solid-state power control systems are becoming increasingly applied in industrial electrical installations. Both have a...

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

78

Gas insulated substation equipment for industrial applications  

SciTech Connect

Until recently the only available method for construction of high voltage systems was to use exposed air insulated equipment supported on porcelain columns. The past decade has witnessed the introduction and wide acceptance of compressed gas insulated equipment as a viable alternative to the conventional substation system. The characteristics of gas insulated substations (GIS) and their application for industrial use at service voltages at 69 kV and above are discussed.

Kenedy, J.J.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Substation Equipment Asset Management: Utility Experience Sharing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities have been maintaining substation equipment reliably since the industry’s inception, but now many are facing increased challenges to reduce operating and maintenance costs without adversely affecting service levels. In this setting, utilities may benefit from knowing which programs and techniques their peers have implemented. To that end, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) conducted a series of industry surveys assessing key substation equipment maintenance practices. As ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

80

Guidelines for Implementing Substation Automation Using IEC61850, the International Power System Information Modeling Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidelines for substation planners, project managers, substation engineers, information technologists, and substation integrators on informational issues related to substation automation (SA) when IEC61850 standards are used.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ashland Area Support Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power & Light Company`s (PP&L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP&L`s Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP&L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW`s) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP&L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

UPS-Substation (TM): Evaluation, Conceptual Design and Generic Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In general terms, the UPS-Substation(TM) is an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) at the substation level. This report summarizes determining application requirements, developing conceptual designs and cost estimates, and assessing potential market size based on application.

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

83

STLOAD 1.1 (Substation Terminal Equipment Loading Software)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI’s Substation Terminal Equipment Loading software (STLOAD 1.1) calculates temperatures and thermal ratings for substation equipment based on physical parameters of the equipment, electrical load, air temperature, and, where appropriate, solar heating and wind. This provides a convenient way for substation engineers to maximize the usage of existing substation terminal equipment under a wide variety of operating conditions. STLOAD can perform temperature and rating calculations for a daily load and am...

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

84

Reducing Substation Auxiliary Power in the Consolidated Edison System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This demonstration/study project carried out by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), who partnered with Consolidated Edison (Con Edison), has identified and documented energy-efficiency measures applicable within a substation. The study was conducted on four substations identified by Con Edison as candidates for potential energy-efficiency improvementW 49th St, W 50th St, Millwood, and E 179th St. The substation locations selected are representative of the many substations that are in Con Edison...

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

here Home Savings Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filling Requirements for Transmission...

86

VULNERABILITY OF BLUETOOTH TO IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION SUBSTATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VULNERABILITY OF BLUETOOTH TO IMPULSIVE NOISE IN ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION SUBSTATIONS S A Bhattil environment of an Electricity transmission substation environment is modelled as a Symmetric Alpha Stable of an electricity transmission substation. I. INTRODUCTION In industrial environments, Supervisor Control and Data

Atkinson, Robert C

87

The Dynamic Utilization of Substation Measurements to Maintain Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering), except for the mineral extraction criteria, they contribute to more than 50% to the substation to Aluminium Electrolysis Conversion Substations François Cluzel1* , Dominique Millet2 , Yann Leroy1 or energy mix). Two cases studies concerning AREVA T&D's aluminium electrolysis conversion substations

Kezunovic, Mladen

88

The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Substation of the Future Engineering Research Center (PSERC) research project T-38 titled "Substation of the Future: A Feasibility

89

DESIGN OF INTEGRATED ANALYSIS REPORTS USING DATA FROM SUBSTATION IEDs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in electricity transmission substations has been proposed [8]. One of the project objectives requires integrated substation control system (WISCS)," in Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management voltage electricity supply substations. The character of partial discharge and WLAN technology are briefly

Kezunovic, Mladen

90

Environment and protection of a gas-insulated substation  

SciTech Connect

Unlike a conventional open-air designed substation, the environment of a gas-insulated substation (GIS) is under the control of the designer and operator. This is a feature that can be utilized by the protection engineer to develop a protective scheme for the substation. A discussion is provided to develop a fault anticipation protection scheme.

Koepfinger, J.L.; Lauth, W.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Assessing Power Substation Network Security and Survivability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports our experiences with identifying cyber-based threats to the survivability of power substation control networks. Observations from the initial application of vulnerability and hardening assessment techniques have been presented. The paper also discusses the state of the power industry cyber security, which appears to lag behind the state-ofthe-practice in both network security and ultrareliable systems design.

Carol Taylor; Paul Oman; Axel Krings

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Reliability mathematics analysis on traction substation operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In electrified railway traction power supply systems, the operational qualities and reliabilities of the main traction transformer loop is higher, but ones of bus output units is comparatively low. The traction transformer loop still works when output ... Keywords: Erlang distribution, Markov theory, life, reliability, traction substation, transformer

Hongsheng Su

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Concrete Foundations in Substations and Transmission Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of surveys conducted to obtain information on the degradation of concrete foundations that support transmission towers and high-voltage substation equipment. Although concrete foundations are simple and inexpensive, their degradation or failure may have costly consequences, including potential equipment damage and the need for outages to allow movement of critical equipment so the ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

A knowledge-based approach to optimize switching in substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic sequence switching has been an important pursuit in the field of substation automation. This paper presents an intelligent approach to optimize switching sequences in electric substations. This paper starts with a presentation of the optimal sequence switching problem. It then suggests a knowledge-based model of a substation switch network organized in a tri-level hierarchical structure, and a set of basic techniques suitable for the general task of network re-organization. An intelligent optimal sequence switching strategy for substations based on modelling techniques is presented. An expert system in PROLOG used to formalize the sequence of switching operations and an application in substations is described.

Zhang, Z.Z.; Hope, G.S.; Malik, O.P. (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Univ. of Calgary (CA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Marion Industrial Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI), proposes to construct a new distribution substation under the existing Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Albay-Lebanon transmission line near the city of Albany in Linn County, Oregon. BPA is proposing to grant a new Point of Delivery to CPI at this substation. The purpose of the project is to serve the developing industrial needs in the Marion Industrial Park and on the 550 acres of nearby land within CPI`s service area that are zoned for residential use. CPI prepared, and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) has approved a Borrower`s Environmental Report (BER) which addresses this action along with several other proposed projects in the CPI service area. Portions of this BER are summarized in this brief EA. BPA is preparing its own EA since Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) guidelines require additional environmental concerns to be addressed than are required by REA`s NEPA guidelines.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Marion Industrial Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI), proposes to construct a new distribution substation under the existing Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Albay-Lebanon transmission line near the city of Albany in Linn County, Oregon. BPA is proposing to grant a new Point of Delivery to CPI at this substation. The purpose of the project is to serve the developing industrial needs in the Marion Industrial Park and on the 550 acres of nearby land within CPI's service area that are zoned for residential use. CPI prepared, and the Rural Electrification Administration (REA) has approved a Borrower's Environmental Report (BER) which addresses this action along with several other proposed projects in the CPI service area. Portions of this BER are summarized in this brief EA. BPA is preparing its own EA since Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) guidelines require additional environmental concerns to be addressed than are required by REA's NEPA guidelines.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Quality Assurance Plan for site electrical replacements at substation line item subproject: 69 KV Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 69 KV Substation Project is based on the recognized need to provide a continuous, reliable source of power and to improve the firm capacity of the electrical service to all production facilities at Mound. The project consists of the following major element: 69 KV Substation: (1) Install a 69 KV Substation and associated equipment with two parallel 18 MVA transformers. (2) Install duct bank as required and provide 15 KV feeder cable from new substation to existing Substation 95 for connection to Mound`s existing primary distribution system. (3) Install duct bank for underground routing of the 15 KV feeder cable from Manhole 5C to the existing power house cable pit. (4) Reconfigure existing Dayton Power and Light Co. 15 KV switchgear in P Building. The purpose of this Quality Assurance Plan (QA Plan) is to assure that the objectives of the United States Department of Energy (D.O.E.) and EG&G Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, Ohio (Mound) are met for this non-weapons project relative to health and safety, protection of the environment, reliability and continuity of operations, and documentation of quality efforts. This QA Plan identifies the activities and responsibilities which are necessary in the design, procurement, fabrication, installation, and start up of this project in order to meet these objectives.

Ohler, C.K.

1991-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

98

Briefings on Physical Security of Electricity Substations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

99

Novel Sensor Technologies for Substation Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly, todays electricity companies need to employ their assets to the fullest while continuing to maintain system reliability. In this environment, management of aging assets has become one of the most critical issues facing substation managers and engineers. Central to asset management are effective diagnostics and condition assessment. Reliable condition monitoring, proper diagnostics, and accurate interpretation could help reduce the rate of aging, enable an accurate assessment of the overall ...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

Improved Thermal Modeling Tools for Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ratings of substation terminal equipment often limit power flow through transmission circuits. Capital investment in terminal equipment is generally modest in comparison to lines, transformers, and underground cables. Replacement difficulties are centered more on service availability than on cost. Detailed manufacturer test data is often unavailable for older equipment but ratings are simpler to calculate than for lines. Certain types of terminal equipment are tolerant of over-loading and problems in...

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Substation distribution transformers failures and spares  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities should have a sufficient number of spare transformers to backup substation distribution transformers to replace transformers that fail and require factory rebuild or replacement. To identify such a number, the statistical methodology was developed to analyze available failure data for different groups of transformer. That methodology enables the estimation of future numbers of failures with associated probabilities, recommends the proper number of spares, identifies the necessity and shows the means to shorten the transformer`s replacement time.

Kogan, V.I. Roeger, C.J.; Tipton, D.E. [American Electric Power Service Corp., Columbus, OH (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Condition Assessment of Substation Ground Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the first stage of research to develop a simple and inexpensive method and device to assess the integrity of substation grounding grids. The problem has been studied before but there is not, to our knowledge, a reliable and inexpensive method or device to make a reliable diagnosis. While the EPRI-developed Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially knows as the Smart Ground Multimeter or SGM) can be used to provide valuable information, the equipment is considered to be expensive and requi...

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Surge propagation in gas insulated substation  

SciTech Connect

Surge propagation performance in a 550 kV gas insulated substation is studied experimentally and by computer simulation using the Electro-Magnetic Transients Program. Extra capacitance added to the system by the components of GIS such as potential devices, branch buses, circuit breakers deform the wave shape of the travelling surges. A simple modeling technique to represent GIS in surge analysis is proposed and its applicability is proved. Paper No. 80 SM 658-5.

Matsumura, S.; Nitta, T.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

RI critical in surburban hvdc substation design  

SciTech Connect

Access to existing rights of way, site availability and ample short circuit capabilities led to the location of Sylmar hvdc substation within the city limits of Los Angeles. The Department of Water and Power, in choosing this site as the southern terminus of the 851 mile, 400 kV, hvdc transmission line from The Dalles, Oregon, was faced with unusual problems in the suppression of radio and telephone interference.

York, E.

1968-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Condition Assessment of Substation Ground Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the second stage of a research project to develop a simple and inexpensive method and device to assess the integrity of substation grounding grids. The problem has been studied before but a reliable and inexpensive method or device to make a reliable diagnosis of grid condition is still lacking. While the EPRI-developed Ground Grid Evaluator (commercially known as the Smart Ground Multimeter) can be used to provide valuable information, the equipment is expensive and requires extens...

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Havre Substation, Stage 03.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Havre Substation, Stage 03. Havre Substation, Stage 03. Description of Proposed Action: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to expand the Havre Substation approximately 150 ft to the north to accommodate a new delivery service from the newly built Herron Substation by Hill County. The expansion also converts the existing 115-kV single bus into a ring bus which will improve reliability. Western is also expanding the yard to the east to accommodate the replacement of the existing control building and control boards. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations .. . or modification of existing substations and support facilities . Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with

107

Modeling and Simulating Blast Effects on Electric Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A software simulation tool was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory to estimate the fragility of electric substation components subject to an explosive blast. Damage caused by explosively driven fragments on a generic electric substation was estimated by using a ray-tracing technique to track and tabulate fragment impacts and penetrations of substation components. This technique is based on methods used for assessing vulnerability of military aircraft and ground vehicles to explosive blasts. An open-source rendering and ray-trace engine was used for geometric modeling and interactions between fragments and substation components. Semi-empirical material interactions models were used to calculate blast parameters and simulate high-velocity material interactions between explosively driven fragments and substation components. Finally, a Monte Carlo simulation was added to model the random nature of fragment generation allowing a skilled analyst to predict failure probabilities of substation components.

Lyle G. Roybal; Robert F. Jeffers; Kent E. McGillivary; Tony D. Paul; Ryan Jacobson

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Advanced Substation Data Collecting and Processing for State Estimation Enhancement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

functions within a substation can be performed more efficiently if all the substation data is collected from and shared among Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). Gathered measurements and apparatus statuses can be processed by (local) substation computer(s). Processing includes data consistency checking, switching sequence monitoring, predicting switching outcomes, etc. Processed data may be used locally and/or communicated to remote sites (neighboring substations and/or control centers). Substation data integration is facilitated by existence and appropriate connection of IEDs. The paper presents an approach to implementation of substation data integration and information exchange. The emphasis is on the utilization of local data redundancy to enhance power system state estimation, especially topology error detection.

Sasa Jakovljevic; Student Member; Mladen Kezunovic

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Handbook of Alternative Technologies for Substation Emergency Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency power systems in electric substations play a critical role in substation reliability. This handbook characterizes backup power systems that offer high reliability, measurable capacity, and low maintenance for substation backup power applications. The handbook discusses better application of existing energy storage technologies as well as new technologies not yet commonly used in these applications. Reliability is the most important success criterion, while better condition monitoring and simpli...

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Application of programmable logic controllers to substation control and protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control and protection of bulk power and regional supply substations. PLC requirements are discussed and the concept of zones of control is explained as applied to standard PP L substation arrangements. The use of a peer-to-peer communication network between logic controllers and other substation equipment is also discussed. Details of an installation completed in spring, 1992, are presented, including experience acquired from power system faults.

Gilbert, J.G.; Diehl, G.R. (Pennsylvania Power Light Co., Allentown, PA (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Knowledge engineering tool for training power-substation operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artificial intelligence techniques have been applied to create systems that can give answers for different situations and assistance during the substation switching operation. These techniques have also been used for training purposes. This paper presents a computational package for training power substation operators in the control and corrective actions using expert system techniques. Illustrative examples are presented using a 138-kV CEMIG substation.

Lambert-Torres, G. [Escola Federal de Engenharia de Itajuba (Brazil)]|[Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Costa, C.I.A.; Alves da Silva, A.P. [Escola Federal de Engeharia de Itajuba (Brazil); Ribeiro, G.M. [Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais (Brazil); Quintana, V.H. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Substation Condition Monitoring and Implementation Database Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Substation Sensor Database provides a searchable database of sensors available to substation engineers, categorized by Area, Component, Sub-Component, Parameter, and Technology.  By specifying each category, the list can be filtered to a sub-set of sensors.  By clicking on a sensor’s name, details can be viewed including a description, sensor maturity, and a link to the manufacturer. Through data-mining of this database substation engineers could work on the development of ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Data collecting and processing for substation integration enhancement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The issue of substation integration is recognized as a very important one ever since the process of technological development brought a multitude of new computer-based devices and functions into substation operation. During the relatively short time period after the first microprocessors were invented, a myriad of computer-based devices found their application in power engineering. Those devices had a variety of input and output data formats, which hampered exchange of data among different devices. Recent initiatives for standardization of substation data formats and communication protocols have progressed to facilitate production of devices with standardized data formats and data exchange capabilities. Central substation computers now have an opportunity to collect and process data from such computer-based devices. An advanced data collecting and processing solution is developed and implemented as Integrated Substation Software in an effort to enhance substation integration. This report describes a solution that comprises data generation using a substation model, data collecting from modeled apparatus and instruments and finally application of data processing and consistency checking algorithms for creating outputs. The process of data collecting and processing is automated and repeated in equidistant time intervals. Results of processing and related reports are concisely displayed on the user interface screen and exported through data files. The Substation Integration Software was tested through the set of scenarios where each scenario is used to test one of the processing and consistency checking algorithms. The results show that measurements are improved and applicable for usage by other substation and system-wide applications.

Jakovljevic, Sasa

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Microsoft Word - CX-Coos-CurryNorwaySubstation_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Line and load interconnection of Coos-Curry Electric Cooperative's (Coos-Curry) new substation to Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Fairview-Bandon 115-kV transmission...

115

Environmental Assessment of Proposed Filbert Substation and Tap Project.  

SciTech Connect

The proposal is a cooperative (jointly funded and owned) action between Bonneville Power Administration (BPS) and FGLandP involving construction of the 115/12.5-kV Filbert Substation. BPA would also build a 0.8-mile overhead 115-kV tapline from BPA's Forest Grove-McMinnville 115-kV line to the proposed substation. The Forest Grove-McMinnville transmission line has available capacity to support the proposed substation. The FGLandP would build four underground distribution circuits to connect the substation to its existing distribution system. It is normally BPA's practice to consider several substation location alternatives as a part of its facility siting process. The proposed substation site was recommended after a preliminary field evaluation by BPA determined that building on the proposed site was preferable because available sites south of the Tualatin Valley Highway and Southern Pacific Railroad were either on presently cultivated farmland, were in a floodplain, or were inaccessible without extensive access road construction. The proposed substation site is owned by FGLandP, is designated for use as a utility substation in the Forest Grove Comprehensive Plan, and was purchased by FGLandP in anticipation of a need for its use as a substation site because of its central location in relation to existing and forecasted loads. The site is accessible from Filbert Street (city road), and is gently sloping. This report describes potential environmental impacts of the proposed actions.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) This is the approved revision of this page, as...

117

Screening level characterization of electrical Substation 411  

SciTech Connect

Substation 411 transformer dielectric fluids were sampled for uranium and PCBs. The exterior surfaces of the metal transformers were measured for radioactivity. Results of the sampling revealed that some transformer fluid contained PCBs, but no uranium in excess of naturally occurring amounts was detected. In addition, the exterior surface of the transformers were uncontaminated. Subject to measurement of the base of the transformers (which were inaccessible during the surface scans for radioactivity), the transformers and dielectric fluids may be removed from the site for disposal. Two appendices are included: (a) a sampling plan, and (b) soil lab reports.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A cathodically protected electrical substation ground grid  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a discussion on the design of a cathodically protected electrical substation grounding system in which a steel ground grid and steel ground rods were used in place of the commonly used copper ground grid and copperweld ground rods. Several electrical constraints are presented which discuss common electrical utility requirements, safety considerations and economic factors. The grounding system materials which were chosen are discussed along with the means of cathodic protection. Finally, the design, construction and testing considerations are presented as an aid to others who wish to design a similar system.

Nelson, J.P.; Holm, W.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Simplified two layer model substation ground grid design methodology  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a simplified approach to the design of substation ground grids in non-uniform soil conditions. The procedure is based on the interpretation of principles enunciated in the IEEE Standard 80-1986, with the supporting data having been obtained from actual field tests on substation ground grids.

Lazzara, J.; Barbeito, N. (Florida Power Corp., St. Petersburg, FL (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

In Situ Environmental Remediation of an Energized Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater at energized substations presents special technical, safety, and cost challenges to affected utilities. This study, conducted at an energized substation contaminated with arsenic, evaluated remedial technologies for groundwater and soil treatment and analyzed their cost effectiveness.

2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

STUDY and analysis of systems for monitoring in power substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intensive development of science and technology in all areas of our daily live reflects and in the systems for monitoring and recording processes of abnormal modes in the power equipment of substations. Monitoring systems report their apogee in the ... Keywords: application, development, monitoring system, power substation

Nikolina Petkova; Valeri Mladenov; Angel Tsolov; Petar Nakov; Georgi Bozukov

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Grizzly Substation Fiber Optics : Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

This notice announces BPA`s decision to construct, operate, and maintain the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project (Project). This Project is part of a continuing effort by BPA to complete a regionwide upgrade of its existing telecommunications system. The US Forest Service and BPA jointly prepared the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1241) evaluating the potential environmental impacts of the Proposed Action, the Underground Installation Alternative, and the No Action Alternative. Based on the analysis in the EA, the US Forest Service and BPA have determined that the Proposed Action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI. The US Forest Service has separately issued a FONSI and Decision Notice authorizing BPA to construct, operate, and maintain the Project within the Crooked River National Grassland (Grassland).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs Hygiene Substation Access Road Repairs A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration proposes to repair the access road/driveway into the Hygiene Substation. There is a low spot in the middle of the driveway that impedes maneuvering oflarge maintenance equipment in and out of the yard. Western plans to fill the low spot with road base and crumbled concrete fill. The Hygiene Substation is located in Boulder County, approximately 2 miles northwest of Longmont, CO (T3N, R69W, Sec 18). All proposed construction will occur within the existing, disturbed substation access road/driveway. B. Number and Title of tile Categorical Exclusion Being Applied: (See text in 10 CFR 1021, Subpart D.) BI.3 Routine maintenance activities and custodial services for buildings, structures,

124

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA Briefings on Physical Security of Electricity Substations The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations. The session for FEMA Region IX will be held in San Jose, CA and hosted by

125

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or higher and customer owns and maintains all necessary transformation equipment and substation.y transformation equipment and substation. OpenEIUtilityRateName Industrial...

126

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or higher and customer owns and maintains all necessary transformation equipment and substation.y transformation equipment and substation. OpenEIUtilityRateEnergyRateStructure...

127

Abstract--The latest technology development makes many intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) available in substations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) available in substations today. This brings an opportunity for adding new functionalities that go well beyond what the traditional substation automation solutions have provided. The substation automation role and asset management. Index Terms--substation automation, expert system, genetic algorithm, intelligent

Kezunovic, Mladen

128

Abstract--Substation data integration is facilitated by existence and appropriate connection of Intelligent Electronic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract--Substation data integration is facilitated by existence and appropriate connection and substation topology transitions etc. Processed data may be used locally and/or communicated to remote sites (neighboring substations and/or control centers). The paper presents software that implements substation data

Kezunovic, Mladen

129

Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peak load diagram Demand Response Demand Response (DR) is a set of time-dependent activities that reduce or shift electricity use to improve electric grid reliability, manage...

130

Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peak load diagram Demand Response Demand response (DR) is a set of time-dependent activities that reduce or shift electricity use to improve electric grid reliability, manage...

131

Microsoft Word - CX -Ostrander Substation Expansion.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amit Sinha Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Ostrander Substation Addition Budget Information: Work order 00262568 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Construction of electric power substations (including switching stations and support facilities)....or modification (other than voltage increases) of existing substations and support facilities... Location: Clackamas County, Oregon (T2S, R3E, Sections 26 and 35) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to expand its existing Ostrander Substation near Barton, Oregon by approximately 4 acres. The expansion would accommodate three new 230/500-kV transformers,

132

Substation in Clark County, Nevada RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Substation for soil remediation. Substation for soil remediation. The attached map shows the borrow area which is situated in Sections 18, 19,20 Township 18 South Range 64 East, Mount Diablo Meridian, Clark County, Nevada. The corresponding U.S.G.S. 7.S-minute topographic maps are Apex, Dry Lake, Dry Lake NW, and Dry Lake SE, Nevada. B. Categorical Exclusion Applied: 10 CFR, Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: "Construction of electric power substations with power delivery at 230kV or below or modification of existing sUbstations." C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410 Ib): 1. The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix B to Subpart D. a. The proposed action was reviewed for the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the National

133

Substation in Clark County, Nevada RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SUbstation for soil remediation. SUbstation for soil remediation. The attached map shows the borrow area which is situated in Sections 18, 19,20 Township 18 South Range 64 East, Mount Diablo Meridian, Clark County, Nevada. The corresponding U.S.G.S. 7.5-minute topographic maps are Apex, Dry Lake, Dry Lake NW, and Dry Lake SE, Nevada. B. Categorical Exclusion Applied: 10 CFR, Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: "Construction of electric power substations with power delivery at 230kV or below or modification of existing SUbstations." C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410 (b): 1. The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix B to Subpart D. a. The proposed action was reviewed for the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the National

134

Microsoft Word - CX_DeMoss_Substation_Expansion_130531  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alaric Hsu Alaric Hsu Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: De Moss Substation Expansion Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: Sherman County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to expand its De Moss Substation yard located in Sherman County, Oregon. The expansion is necessary to install additional reactors that would provide the necessary reactive support to address the extreme high voltage at De Moss Substation resulting from the loss of the Big Eddy - DeMoss transmission line during winter peak conditions. The equipment at De Moss Substation is currently sustaining voltage

135

Microsoft Word - CX_Memo_FranklinSubstation.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amy Freel Amy Freel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Franklin Substation Upgrades Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Electrical power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Pasco, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The BPA proposes to make improvements to the BPA fee-owned Franklin Substation located in southeastern Washington in order to bring the substation into compliance with BPA's minimum voltage guidelines. A shunt capacitor bank would be installed to provide voltage support. Project activities would include moving a temporary mobile capacitor bank, removing transformers, extending a 115-kilovolt (kV) bus, installing a new 115-kV

136

APS team works smarter, cuts substation construction costs by 36%  

SciTech Connect

An aggressive, cost-cutting, team of T D employees at Arizona Public Service Co (APS) is building a new distribution substation in Phoenix for less than half the original cost that APS planners had calculated for the project's land, labor and materials. Scheduled for service in June of this year, APS analysts had originally projected land, labor and materials costs for the 20-MVA Bell substation at nearly $1.7-million-not including major equipment such as transformers, circuit breakers, and switches. However, after studying the project, an empowered APS crew was able to slash 36% off the original estimate-more than $610,000. What's more, APS spokesmen say that its new approach to substation construction and design has given its engineers and construction crews a laundry list of additional ideas to try out on future substation ventures. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Transmission and Substations Research and Development News, May 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the May 2013 issue of Transmission and Substations Research and Development News, a newsletter that provides an update on some of the latest research results, emerging industry issues, field deployments, and member-specific experiences.

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electromagnetic Transients in Substations, Volumes 5: Test Data Tapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has investigated high-frequency electromagnetic interference (EMI) resulting from high-voltage switching, lightning, and faults in substations. This report provides information about EMI levels to which equipment is exposed.

1993-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

139

Best Practices Guide to Securing Wireless Substation Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of wireless communications in substations raises a number of security concerns. This report, an updated version of EPRI report 1013810) identifies wireless security best practices for electric substation applications, giving special consideration to a defense-in-depth approach to wireless security. The emphasis is on technical, administrative, and operational security controls. In addition to discussing the defense-in-depth concept, the report also examines training activities and rogue device de...

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

140

Technologies for Remote Monitoring of Substation Assets: Physical Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report assesses the benefits of including remote monitoring with the various security technologies used for providing physical security to substation facilities and equipment. This remote monitoring provides near-real-time security information on the access points to substation facilities as well as the status and health of equipment to determine if the equipment has been tampered with or is otherwise not functioning correctly. The types of security technologies include locks at gates and doors, vid...

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Assessing Flicker Contribution of Individual Feeders to the Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complaints of high flicker levels in a distribution system led to an investigation whose primary suspect was a customer with multiple resistive spot welders. A study was commissioned to identify and quantify the flicker contributions from various feeders at the upstream substation bus. The utility installed a digital power quality meter at the substation bus and at the primary metering point of the customer under suspicion and then compared the two trends. A series of time-domain measurements were also c...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

142

Guidelines for the Life Extension of Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an effort to establish the evolving industry needs for an updated chapter on high-voltage circuit breakers for the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Report Guidelines for the Life Extension of Substations: 2002 Update (1001779), also knows as the Substation Equipment Life Extension Guidelines (LEG). The efforts included an assessment undertaken to document current power circuit breaker asset management and maintenance practices in order to identify utility needs...

2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

143

Substation Equipment Maintenance Experience Sharing Database Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has been engaged in research on maintenance, forensics, and decommissioning of substation equipment. There is a need to make this information available to EPRI members in an easily accessible format. The Substation Equipment Maintenance Experience Sharing Database provides an application to house all the information, learnings, and experiences gathered from the research studies in an easily accessible format.Benefits & ValueAccess to EPRI’s worldwide ...

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

144

UCA Substation Communication Initiative Workshop: Meeting/Presentation, August 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a summary of the presentation material from the Utility Communication Architecture (UCA) Communication Initiative Workshop held August 1999. Included are diagrams of models for UCA applications that can be integrated into substation communications systems. The Power System Object Model (PSOM) is described, as well as a communication service model (CASM). A brief discussion on the interface, Generic Object Models for Substation and Feeder Equipment (GOMSFE), is also included in this r...

1999-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

145

National SCADA Test Bed Substation Automation Evaluation Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased awareness of the potential for cyber attack has recently resulted in improved cyber security practices associated with the electrical power grid. However, the level of practical understanding and deployment of cyber security practices has not been evenly applied across all business sectors. Much of the focus has been centered on information technology business centers and control rooms. This report explores the current level of substation automation, communication, and cyber security protection deployed in electrical substations throughout existing utilities in the United States. This report documents the evaluation of substation automation implementation and associated vulnerabilities. This evaluation used research conducted by Newton-Evans Research Company for some of its observations and results. The Newton Evans Report aided in the determination of what is the state of substation automation in North American electric utilities. Idaho National Laboratory cyber security experts aided in the determination of what cyber vulnerabilities may pose a threat to electrical substations. This report includes cyber vulnerabilities as well as recommended mitigations. It also describes specific cyber issues found in typical substation automation configurations within the electric utility industry. The evaluation report was performed over a 5-month period starting in October 2008

Kenneth Barnes; Briam Johnson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Measurement and characterization of substation electromagnetic transients. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Little quantitative data exists on radiated electromagnetic interference in substations arising from substation transients. The electromagnetic transient noise produced by normal substation activity such as opening switches and breakers can be significant. Additionally, abnormal events such as faults cause similar electromagnetic noise. The lack of data is in part because suitable measurement equipment techniques have not been generally available to utilities. A new approach to the measurement and characterization of electromagnetic interference caused by substation transients has been developed. A data acquisition system for measurements has been designed and constructed for field use with a bandwidth capability exceeding 100 MHz. Measurements have been taken from staged operations in substations and the resulting data analyzed using specialized computer programs developed for this project. The measurement techniques are presented and the analysis procedures explained in detail. The transients caused by equipment operations in several substations have been studied resulting in an understanding of the expected or typical amplitudes and frequencies of the resulting noise. Suggestions as to equipment tests and withstand levels have been made. An appendix includes raw and analyzed data for research use.

Russell, B.D.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This report describes the state of smart grid security in Europe, specifically the Netherlands, and the cyber security of substations in particular. The focus of this study is the perception of risks and threats in smart grid cyber security and the international standards implemented in smart grids. The created overview is based on semi-structured interviews with 13 experts originating from eight different European countries. These participants are employed at electricity producers, grid operators, technology consultants and technology providers in the utilities sector. Their expertise ranges from information security to electricity grids, specifically smart grid security. Some of them are members of smart grid security related standard committees. The key results of the state of practice are the following: 1. The interconnectivity of the smart grid with multiple stakeholders and European colleagues is indicated as the biggest threat to the security of the smart grid. 2. Another often mentioned threat is awareness. The experts generally indicate that awareness within top management is high. However, personnel on lower levels are reluctant to incorporate security in their processes. 3. All organizations are in a certain stage of implementing standards, the ISO27000 series

Thijs Baars; Lucas Van Den Bemd; Michail Theuns; Robin Van Den Akker; Machiel Schönbeck; Sjaak Brinkkemper; Thijs Baars; Lucas Van Den Bemd; Michail Theuns; Robin Van Den Akker; Machiel Schönbeck; Sjaak Brinkkemper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices Title Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and...

149

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices Title Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices...

150

Feasibility of thyristor controlled series capacitor for distribution substation enhancements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitors (TCSCs) are already being used for control of transmission system power flows, the dynamic adjustment of transmission infeed impedances presents other system enhancement opportunities. In the case of the Con Edison system, distribution substation upgrades are severely constrained by limits to existing circuit breaker interrupting capabilities. Because additional transmission line infeeds cannot be provided without increasing fault current levels, a TCSC was investigated for use as a fault current limiter. In order to demonstrate proper operation in the current limiting mode, Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) simulations were conducted. Three TCSC configurations are presented to illustrate that additional power can be provided during normal operation without increasing fault currents at the substation: (1) series compensation of existing 138 kV infeeds (to allow higher substation MVA uprates), (2) series compensation of new 138 kV infeeds (without fault current increases), and (3) a 13.8 kV TCSC compensated link between two substations (to allow regulated power transfer between substation buses).

Godart, T.F.; Imece, A.F.; McIver, J.C. [GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.; Chebli, E.A. [Consolidated Edison Co. of New York Inc., New York, NY (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Transient performance of substation structures and associated grounding systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When lightning strikes an electric substation, large currents generated by the stroke flow in the above ground structures and grounding system and dissipate in the soil. The electromagnetic fields generated by such high currents may cause damage to equipment and may be dangerous to personnel working nearby. In this paper, the frequency and time domain performance of a substation subjected to a lightning strike is described and discussed. The computed scalar potentials, electric fields, and magnetic fields are presented graphically as a function of spatial coordinates, as a function of time and as a function of both. Two cases are considered. The first case examines the substation grounding system only, while the second case includes an above-ground structure as well. It is believed that the results of the second case have not been published before. A double exponential lightning surge current is injected at one corner of the substation. The response of the grounding system to the frequency domain electromagnetic spectrum of this signal is computed by a frequency domain electromagnetic field analysis software package. The temporal and spatial distributions of the electromagnetic fields inside and near the substation are obtained by an inverse Fourier transformation of all these responses. The presence of a soil with an arbitrary resistivity and permittivity is accurately taken into account. The analysis sheds some new light on the understanding of the effects which take place at the higher frequencies.

Dawalibi, F.P.; Xiong, W.; Ma, J. [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Integrated substation looks like one RTU to dispatchers  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally, supervisory control and data acquisition systems (Scada) use a master/slave arrangement. The master Scada computer polls individual circuit devices for information, or the devices may report (by exception) to the computer. The substation engineering department of Portland General Electric Co (PCE) is now pioneering a new arrangement in which all devices in a substation communicate with each other and a local computer over a data bus. A single communications line connects the Scada master to the same bus for control and/or monitoring. The new approach is known as a substation integration system (SIS). Thus, for a lower initial cost, substation integration: eliminates the need for redundant equipment - such as panel meters, annunciators, transducers, sequence-of-event recorders, auxiliary tripping relays. Scada RTU, control, and transfer switches; reduces control house size by 25% by reducing wiring and using panel space more efficiently; provides a standardized user interface for easy data access, both locally and remotely; is flexible and expandable because of its modularity and use of non-proprietary hardware and software; improves operability, maintainability and reliability through immediate access to key data; and, reduces overall life-cycle costs by reducing travel and outage time through remote access to substation information. 5 figs.

Koch, W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

154

EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild 3: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, CO EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, CO SUMMARY DOE's Western Area Power Administration (Western) owns and operates two 16-mile, 115-kilovolt transmission lines on separate rights-of-way between Flatiron Reservoir (near Loveland, Colorado) and the town of Estes Park, Colorado. Western is preparing this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to upgrade and co-locate these transmission lines, by removing one and abandoning its right-of-way, and rebuilding the other along the existing right-of-way as a double-circuit line (i.e., six conductors per pole). The USDA Forest Service, Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest, is a cooperating agency in preparing the EIS to support

155

Microsoft Word - CX- Eugene Substation Fiber_130520.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Jonathan Toobian Project Manager - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Eugene Substation Fiber Interconnection Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B 4.7 Fiber Optic Cable Location: Eugene, Lane County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes allowing Light Speed Networks (LSN) to interconnect with its existing fiber optic network at BPA's Eugene substation in Lane County, Oregon. To interconnect to BPA's fiber network, LSN would install two new below ground fiber optic vaults within BPA's existing right-of-way. The first vault would be installed on BPA fee-owned land immediately south of the existing substation entrance, while the second vault

156

PROBE: a feasibility demonstration of substation and distribution automation  

SciTech Connect

Substation and distribution automation has existed for a number of years with varying degrees of sophistication. Recently trial installations have been initiated utilizing digital computer technology and advanced electronics to accomplish automation of certain substation functions. Investigations are also under way of remote meter reading and customer load management. The PROBE project is a research investigation to determine the feasibility of sampling data and creation of a data base to achieve these functions using digital techniques. A key objective of PROBE is to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing data base information to make sophisticated decisions automatically and achieve a degree of coordination between functions not hitherto attainable. The equipment used, test procedures and results are described. Experience from the PROBE feasibility demonstration and Phase 1 tests show that the described substation and distribution automation implementation techniques are viable.

Croghan, J.F. (Commonwealth Edison Co., Maywood, IL); Jenkins, D.R.; Rushden, F.A.; Bunch, J.B.; Gurr, G.P.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Pepco's standard 80 MVa substation  

SciTech Connect

As a result of studies made prior to 1960, the Potomac Electric Power Company changes its distribution system from a 4.16 kV primary network to a 13.8 kV radial system, utilizing the 69 kV subtransmission system as the primary supply voltage. The 80 Mva substation design and arrangement were developed as an integral component of this system. Following the philosphy established in the 1930s, the electrical equipment would be completely enclosed within a building. This approach provided a functional as well as attractive substation which could be located in an existing community or in a developing area. The 80 Mva substation building was developed to provide maximum flexibility in appearance and electrical equipment arrangement as well as in engineering, drafting, and construction. Design details and future aspects are discussed.

Thaden, M.V.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Switching surge test results ehv substation bus configurations  

SciTech Connect

The industry has been actively engaged in, and has presented many results of, ehv switching surge test programs associated with transmission line designs. It would seem equally important that similar efforts be staged relative to ehv switching surge capabilities of the terminal equipment as it would normally be found in its variety of configurations. Toward this end, a series of switching surge test programs on a number of substation bus configurations was conducted. Particular emphasis was placed on the determination of switching surge characteristics of the air gaps found in ehv substation bus designs. The test data are presented with pertinent data evaluations in an attempt to provide a more refined basis for the application of final judgments to bus designs for 345, 500, and 750 kV substations.

Hertig, G.E.; Kelly, W.B.

1966-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Wind Solar Program Info

160

Ground resistance of concrete foundations in substation yards  

SciTech Connect

The reinforced concrete foundations in a substation yard have extensive reinforcing steel which is in metallic connection with the laid ground conductor. The foundations may contribute significantly to the dissipation of the fault and leakage currents. Simple to use equations and graphs are presented in this paper to determine the ground resistance of various types of foundations encountered in substation yards. The validity of the analytical approach has been verified with scale model tests. The ground resistance of the foundations estimated as suggested in the paper can be used to evaluate the role of the foundations as grounding element.

Thapar, B.; Ferrer, O. (Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (USA)); Blank, D.A. (Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Turnkey substations can make sense. even for large utilities  

SciTech Connect

Large utilities with well-trained engineering staffs seldom consider buying a substation on a turnkey basis, but there are good and justifiable reasons for them to do so. A turnkey substation can reduce manpower requirements and eliminate cash-flow problems, especially when a new technology is involved. The utility also gains the benefit of its supplier's expertise. A turnkey supplier can perform all the planning, design, engineering, and financing functions besides assuming the responsibility to correct any errors made by subcontractors. The turnkey supplier becomes the project manager during construction, installation, testing, and start-up.

King, E.; Filippino, R.J.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Ehv substation equipment challenges both designer and manufacturer  

SciTech Connect

Huge equipment and structures necessary to operate substations at extra-high voltage (ehv) require special design innovations. Because of the phase spacing required more real estate and larger, stronger takeoff structures are necessary. Also, economics (and optimization) becomes a more-important factor in design because of the large investment involved. Because generating plants are increasing steadily in size and are being located more remote from load centers, ehv transmission is becoming more common. Some of the design criteria and costs for ehv-substation equipment that is necessary to terminate the transmission lines at 345 kV and higher voltages are discussed.

Carey, H.D.

1965-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Operation of an on-line substation diagnosis system  

SciTech Connect

On-line monitoring systems for substation equipment are expected to give an impact on the improvement of the reliability of the power system. A monitoring system was applied to one of the newly built substations. It monitors the 204 kV and 72 kV GIS's and the transformer in their normal operation condition. The basic philosophy of the monitoring system and the principle of the detection of the abnormality is introduced together with the record of its operation in the first year.

Fujimoto, Y.; Ono, T. (Shikoku Electric Power Co., Inc., Takamatsu (JP)); Ibuki, K.; Taka, S. (Itami Works, Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Amagasaki (JP))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Substation automation feasibility study. Final report. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by Macro Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, on behalf of the Polish Power Grid Company. The report shows the results of a feasibility study for the implementation of substation automation on the company`s high-voltage transmission network. The report is aimed at providing a technical-economic assessment of modernizing the monitoring, protection, and control systems in the major transmission substations. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Existing Situation And Assessment Of Operational Needs; (3) Functional Requirements; (4) Implementation Options and Costs; (5) Guidelines for Staged Implementation; (6) Conclusions and Recommendations.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Evaluating the availability of electrical substations: A dynamic methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a technique for evaluating the availability of substations and switching stations including the average cost of repairs of damaged equipment (corrective maintenance), the impact of disturbances on equipment availability, and the impact of disturbances on the continuity of the service provided by the substation. The approach is based on the concept of disruptive events, sequence-based processes, state graphs and Markov techniques. The paper illustrates the technique by comparing the availability of two possible station layouts. The results clearly show the benefit that can be obtained using this objective method of comparison.

Jourda, P.; Bourgade, E. [Electricite de France, Clamart (France); Allan, R.N. [UMIST, Manchester (United Kingdom). Manchester Centre for Electrical Energy

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

A multi-functional platform for implementing intelligent and ubiquitous functions of smart substations under SCADA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more efficient and economical management of substations under SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems, the concept of a smart substation has been introduced using intelligent and ubiquitous IT (Information Technology) techniques. ... Keywords: Embedded platform, Intelligent system, SCADA system, Smart substations, Ubiquitous

Hak-Man Kim; Jong-Joo Lee; Myong-Chul Shin; Seok-Soo Kim

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Improvements in dependability and usability for a substation automation system with redundancy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substation Automation Systems (SAS) are widely used for the purpose of control, protection, monitoring, communication etc. in substations to improve the reliability of the power supply. SASs adopting IT based solutions such as Ethernet LAN have recently ... Keywords: IEC 61850, SAS, availability, dependability, redundant system, reliability, substation automation system, system architecture

Hachidai Ito; Keiichi Kaneda; Koichi Hamamatsu; Tatsuji Tanaka; Koichi Nara

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

REQUIREMENTS SPECIFICATION FOR AND EVALUATION OF AN AUTOMATED SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Substation of the Future Engineering Research Center (PSERC) research project T-38 titled "Substation of the Future: A Feasibility

Kezunovic, Mladen

169

Sub-state Tying in Tied Mixture Hidden Markov Models Liang Gu and Kenneth Rose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering: substation automation, analysis of fault records, transient testing of protective relaysAbstract--Substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) generate huge amount of data that may in substation or another database at different enterprise location. The collected data may be merged in real

California at Santa Barbara, University of

170

Powerline Communication System for Monitoring and Supervision of Feeder Equipments for MV Substation Automation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-2003, Substation Committee of the IEEE Power Engineering Society [3] C.R.Ozansoy, A.Zayegh, A.Kalam, "Communications for Substation Automation and Integration", In Australasian Universities Power Engineering Substation Automation LiPing LU1,2 , GangYan LI1 , YeQiong SONG2 1 ­ School of Mechanical and Electronical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

REQUIREMENTS FOR AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF SUBSTATION DATA Presented to: North American Transmission & Distribution Conference & Expo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of substations. Large scale deployment of IEDs creates huge amount of data either recorder continuously monitoring and signal processing in substation has become a powerful feature necessary to assure the system is reliable and secure. In this paper, the new monitoring and signal processing solution in substation based

Kezunovic, Mladen

172

Requirements Specification for and Evaluation of an Automated Substation Monitoring System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- substation design engineers, protective relay engineers, dispatchers in the control centers etc. AnotherRequirements Specification for and Evaluation of an Automated Substation Monitoring System Mladen for the Automated Analysis Substation System (AASS) implemented at Texas A&M University, aimed at monitoring

173

Abstract -The paper discusses automated substation data integration and analysis. Recorded data collected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Energy Management System (EMS) applications of substation environment of substation automation project. It provides data to a number of application including automated1 Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation

Kezunovic, Mladen

174

Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation applications are being  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Energy Management System (EMS) applications of substation environment of substation automation project. It provides data to a number of application including automated1 Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation

175

Abstract--Nowadays, most substations are equipped with Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) performing data collection.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Energy Management System (EMS) applications of substation environment of substation automation project. It provides data to a number of application including automated1 Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation

Kezunovic, Mladen

176

Automated Integration of Substation IED Data to Generate Event Reports for Protection Engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by EPRI through project titled "Multiple Uses of Substation Data", Paul Myrda - project manager. #12;TABLEAutomated Integration of Substation IED Data to Generate Event Reports for Protection Engineers for automated integration of substation Intelligent Electronic Device (IED) data to generate a customized event

Kezunovic, Mladen

177

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Formulation for the Substation Grounding Design" I://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE SUBSTATION GROUNDING DESIGN I. Colominas, F. Navarrina A Boundary Element approach for the numerical computation of substation grounding systems is pre- sented

Colominas, Ignasi

178

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preprint of the paper "A Boundary Element Numerical Approach for Substation Grounding in a Two://caminos.udc.es/gmni #12;A BOUNDARY ELEMENT NUMERICAL APPROACH FOR SUBSTATION GROUNDING IN A TWO LAYER EARTH STRUCTURE3~na, SPAIN SUMMARY Analysis and design of substation grounding requires computing the distribution

Colominas, Ignasi

179

Simulation of an Electrical Substation Using the Bond Graph Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulation and especially computer simulation, is a basic tool since it enables engineers to understand how systems work without actually needing to see them. They can learn how they work in different circumstances and optimize their design with considerably ... Keywords: simulation, electrical substations, elements, electricity, bond graph

Gregorio Romero; Jesus Felez; Joaquin Maroto; Jose Manuel Mera

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Future Trends in Protective Relaying, Substation Automation, Testing and Related  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSerc). Project No: T-39. Y. Dong and M. Kezunovic are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843- 3128, USA affect system reliability; and 3) monitoring technologies presently exist within substations. Three steps

Kezunovic, Mladen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Surge Suppression of Protection Equipment in UHV Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses the producing mechanism of surge at protection equipment's ports, surge test of high level is done for signal ports, communication ports and power ports of specific protection equipment sample. Evaluation is accomplished for the methods ... Keywords: protection equipment, substation, surge suppression

Ma Haijie

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Lessons Learned from Substation Predictive Maintenance Project TC Project #7014  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tailored collaboration conducted between 1993 and 1998 by EPRI and ten participating utilities aimed at optimizing substation performance through predictive maintenance. This report summarizes the lessons learned from the project; a more comprehensive report will be published after further research.

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

Substation siting and capacity selection based on diversity maximization  

SciTech Connect

A new substation siting and sizing method is described in which load diversity among different areas of the system is used as a factor in the analysis. An optimization procedure based on this concept is described. Tests show that the method can often provide improved results.

Willis, H.L.; Tram, H.N.; Powell, R.W.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Grounding Analysis in Heterogeneous Soil Models: Application to Underground Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the research and development work done until now in earthing analysis is devoted to cases where the soil can be modelled in terms of an homogeneous and isotropic semi-infinite continuous medium, being the soil resistivity an order of magnitude ... Keywords: grounding analysis, earthing analysis, underground substations

Ignasi Colominas; Jose Paris; Xesus Nogueira; Fermin Navarrina; Manuel Casteleiro

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Abstract --The paper discusses issues related to integration of substation IED data. The approach to discussion is based on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) is a Senior Consulting Engineer in the Substation Projects Division of the Substation Operations DepartmentAbstract -- The paper discusses issues related to integration of substation IED data. The approach to discussion is based on the purpose of integrating substation data and how the integrated data can be used

Kezunovic, Mladen

186

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated Electrical Equipment Removal Project located north of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes drain and dispose of PCB contaminated oil from two bushings, and decontaminate one· bushing and rack, break apart PCB contaminated concrete and excavate PCB contaminated soil at Pinnacle Peak Substation. Western will be use existing access roads and vehicles such as cranes, backhoes, dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks to bring personnel and equipment to the work area. This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The project is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. The attached map shows the

187

Microsoft Word - CX_Memo_MonroeSubstation.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2013 8, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amy Freel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Monroe Substation Integrated Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.11 Electrical power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Snohomish County, Washington; Township 28 North, Range 7 East, Section 22 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The purpose of the project is to provide upgrades required as part of BPA's ongoing sustaining programs by providing voltage support and preventing power outages. The project would consist of the following activities: ï‚· Installation of two new 500-kilovolt (kV) shunt capacitor groups with current limiting

188

Microsoft Word - CX-Santiam_Substation_Renovation_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEPR-4 KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Noah Carlson Project Manager - NWM-4 Proposed Action: Removal of asbestos and renovation of Santiam Substation PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1566 Budget Information: Work Order # 244751 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.16 Removal of asbestos from buildings Location: Santiam substation in Linn County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: This project entails the removal of all paint from all interior wall surfaces down to bare concrete as well as the removal of the suspended ceiling (painted with the same asbestos containing paint) and lighting systems. The asbestos containing floor tile will be removed as will the asbestos

189

MFTF 230 kV pulsed power substation  

SciTech Connect

The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) currently under construction at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory includes a Sustaining Neutral Beam Power Supply System (SNBPSS) consisting of 24 power-supply sets. The System will operate in long pulses (initially .5 seconds and eventually 30 seconds) at high power (200 MW), which will necessitate a large source of ac power. To meet this requirement, a new 230-kV substation is also being built at LLL. The constraints of cost, equipment protection, short operating lifetime (10 years), and reliability dictated a unique substation design. Its unusual features include provisions for fast fault detection and tripping, a capability for limiting ground fault current, low impedance, and economical design.

Wilson, J.H.

1979-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ground resistance of the foot in substation yards  

SciTech Connect

The ground resistance of the foot is affected by the limited depth of the gravel layer usually spread over the surface of the soil in substation yards.Equations and graphs given in IEEE Standard 80 to determine this ground resistance are not accurate and give conservative results. This paper presents more accurate equations and graphs for determining the ground resistance of the foot in a substation having a thin surface layer of gravel. Analysis has been made with two models of the foot. In one model the foot is represented by an equivalent circular plate and in the other by an equivalent rectangular plate. Results obtained with these two models and with the IEEE Standard 80 method have been compared.

Thapar, B.; Gerez, V.; Emmanuel, P. (Montana State Univ., Bozeman (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Minimize substation outage time by maximizing in-service testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most substation maintenance work is based on fixed schedules rather than on known need. Scheduled maintenance is essential and cannot be eliminated entirely, but priority should be given to equipment known to be deteriorated or defective. It makes no sense to perform costly, scheduled outage maintenance work when other equipment is failing because of undetected defects. The following should be included as major elements in an energized testing program: visual inspections; infrared inspection; corona inspection; percent oxygen in gas samples drawn from nitrogen-blanketed transformers; percent total combustible gas in gas samples drawn from nitrogen-blanketed transformers; dissolved gas analysis; oil quality tests; free water in the sample; dissolved water in oil; dissolved metals-in-oil analysis; furfural concentration analysis; SF[sub 6] analysis; battery testing; the substation grounding grid; and protective relays. 4 figs.

Lautenschlager, M. (High Voltage Maintenance Corp., Indianapolis, IN (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Distribution substation load impacts of residential air conditioner load control  

SciTech Connect

An ongoing experiment to monitor the substation level load impacts of end-use load control is described. An overview of the data acquisition system, experimental procedures and analysis techniques are provided. Results of the 1983 and 1984 experiments demonstrate the value of aggregate load impact monitoring as a means of verifying load research results, calculating the diversity of end-use loads, and predicting the impacts of load management on the transmission and distribution systems.

Heffner, G.C.; Kaufman, D.A.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electric Field Modeling of Polymer Insulators in Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of transmission line suspension class polymer insulators is increasing for a wide range of reasons including lower cost, availability, their lightweight nature, and contamination performance. The expected use of these polymer insulators is on transmission lines; thus this is the application for which manufacturers design and test the recommended corona rings. Numerous suspension polymer insulators are being applied in substations in configurations which have different geometries to the transmissi...

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

194

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – NEW YORK, NY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

195

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – BOSTON, MA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

196

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – DENVER, CO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

197

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – HOUSTON, TX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

198

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – TAMPA, FL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

199

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS – CHICAGO, IL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations.

200

Substation based data interpretation techniques for improved power system management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is now considerable pressure on electric utilities to operate their systems in the most efficient manner possible and to provide increased quality of service to customers. This pressure, coupled with the decreasing availability of reserve margins dictates that there is a requirement for comprehensive system operation support through, among other things, the provision of quality information relating to the behavior of the primary and secondary systems. This paper will show how the data available within modern substation control and management systems can be exploited in a cost-effective manner, through the implementation of advanced substation functions in an open systems environment. Certain functions which are presently carried out at the control center could be distributed (or partially distributed) to the substation. These functions may provide the utility staff with quality information, which can in turn be used to satisfy the objectives of increasing quality and security of supply, in addition to optimizing the utility`s information, maintenance and asset management functions.

Booth, C.; McDonald, J.R. [Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom). Centre for Electrical Power Engineering; Laycock, W.J.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

PRE-SW: Substation Condition Monitoring and Implementation Database Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Substation Sensor Database provides a searchable database of sensors available to substation engineers, categorized by Area, Component, Sub-Component, Parameter, and Technology.  By specifying each category, the list can be filtered to a sub-set of sensors.  By clicking on a sensor’s name, details can be viewed including a description, sensor maturity, and a link to the manufacturer. Through data-mining of this database substation engineers could work on the development of ...

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

202

Assessment of Alternatives to Substation Batteries: Characterization of Energy Storage Technologies: Interim Report: Task 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Backup power systems in electric company substations play a critical role in substation reliability. This product is intended to characterize energy storage technologies that can offer high reliability, measurable capacity, and low maintenance for substation backup power applications. Both new technologies, and better application of existing, energy storage technologies are covered. Reliability is the number one success criterion, while better condition monitoring and simplified maintenance requirements ...

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

203

Transportation Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 69 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Transportation Demand Module The NEMS Transportation Demand Module estimates transportation energy consumption across the nine Census Divisions (see Figure 5) and over ten fuel types. Each fuel type is modeled according to fuel-specific technology attributes applicable by transportation mode. Total transportation energy consumption is the sum of energy use in eight transport modes: light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks), commercial light trucks (8,501-10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), freight trucks (>10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), buses, freight and passenger aircraft, freight and passenger rail, freight shipping, and miscellaneous

204

An Integrative Approach to Reliability Analysis of an IEC 61850 Digital Substation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, reliability evaluation of substation automation systems has received a significant attention from the research community. With the advent of the concept of smart grid, there is a growing trend to integrate more computation and communication technology into power systems. This thesis focuses on the reliability evaluation of modern substation automation systems. Such systems include both physical devices (current carrying) such as lines, circuit breakers, and transformers, as well as cyber devices (Ethernet switches, intelligent electronic devices, and cables) and belong to a broader class of cyber-physical systems. We assume that the substation utilizes IEC 61850 standard, which is a dominant standard for substation automation. Focusing on IEC 61850 standard, we discuss the failure modes and analyze their effects on the system. We utilize reliability block diagrams for analyzing the reliability of substation components (bay units) and then use the state space approach to study the effects at the substation level. Case study is based on an actual IEC 61850 substation automation system, with different network topologies consideration concluded. Our analysis provides a starting point for evaluating the reliability of the substation and the effects of substation failures to the rest of the power system. By using the state space methods, the steady state probability of each failure effects were calculated in different bay units. These probabilities can be further used in the modeling of the composite power system to analyze the loss of load probabilities.

Zhang, Yan 1988-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Insulation and radio influence dictate design of 650 kV substation  

SciTech Connect

The 650 kV North Substation of Project EHV is marked by three unusual features which differentiate it from the more familiar 230 and 345 kV substations. First, the sheer size of the apparatus, structures, and busses is striking. Second, is the amount of insulation. As represented by insulators and bushings it is proportionally much larger in lower voltage substations. Third, is the absence of sharp protrusions or angles anywhere in the substation, even on the roof of the house where corona loss is measured. Shielding is evident everywhere in the circles or ovals of smooth aluminum tubing.

Abetti, P.A.

1961-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

206

Single-transformer substation for 500 kV and over  

SciTech Connect

At extra high voltage substations which must meet high reliability requirements, in particular, two autotransformer groups are often installed almost simultaneously independent of the load. As a result, significant capital investment is frozen for long periods, and scarce electrical equipment is utilized inefficiently. Thus, in a number of cases the construction of substations with a single group of single-phase autotransformers is desirable. In this case, on failure of one autotransformer phase the time of subnormal energy output due to disconnection of the substation may reach several hours. The efficiency of extra high voltage substations may be improved significantly by using a proposed circuit for connection of a group of single-phase transformers with a single reserve phase, permitting installation of one group of single-phase transformers at a substation without impairment of reliability. The installation, performance and cost of this transformer arrangement are discussed. It is concluded that the use of single-transformer 500 kV substations with the proposed circuit as distribution substations would, on the one hand, provide sufficient reliability for users and, on the other hand, would make them competitive with 220 to 330 kV substations. In this case the network reliability can be provided by sectionalizing the lines at the site of transformer connection. This circuit can be used with two-sided substation supply. (LCL)

Gryuntal, Yu.L.; Mikhailov, A.K.; Slavin, G.A.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

230 kV operation of a substation designed for 115 kV by controlling voltage transients  

SciTech Connect

Arresters applied at the terminals of gas insulated substations have been used successfully for protection from switching and lightning surges. This arrester application for gas insulated substations permits the use of lower insulation levels and therefore more economical substations. In principle, the same technique can be applied to air insulated substations. This paper describes the analysis of transient voltages in a substation designed for 115 kV which is scheduled for operation at 230 kV. Both arrester rating and location are considered in this analysis. It is shown that complete substation protection is possible by addition of both arresters and capacitors.

Lannes, W.J.; Cheramie, W.J.; Priest, K.W.; Wilhelm, M.R.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or higher and customer owns and maintains all necessary transformation equipment and substation. * Where the the customer has installed and in regular use electric space heating...

209

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or higher and customer owns and maintains all necessary transformation equipment and substation. During the eight consecutive billing months of November 1 through June 30 where...

210

Microsoft Word - CX-Covington_Substation_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2010 8, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Kerry Cook Project Manager - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Perform research of groundwater drainage and flooding issues at Covington Complex through the installation of four groundwater monitoring wells PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1772 Budget Information: Work Order #00246440 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B3.6 Siting/ construction/operation/decommissioning of facilities for bench-scale research, conventional laboratory operations, small-scale research and development and pilot projects. Location: Covington Substation in King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA)

211

Power-installed streetlight foundations lower substation construction costs  

SciTech Connect

The Alabama Power Company's power-installed streetlight foundation (SLF) saves 85% of labor costs and is practical as well as economical. After several foundation designs were tried, the multi-helix proved best for swampy terrain. A test of substation structure support began with soil testing to locate any rock on the site. Standard tubular-steel structures with modified baseplates were used. A truck-mounted derrick proved better for installation than a drill rig. Slight corrosive currents are not expected to cause appreciable deterioration to the foundation. (DCK)

Beason, D.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A simplified method for calculating the substation grounding grid resistance  

SciTech Connect

A simple and accurate formula for calculating the grounding grid resistance is proposed in this paper. This method is based on a theoretical manipulation of the numerical moment method and of the current image. The formula is dependent on the substation grounding grid design, such as grid depth, grid size, number of meshes, grid-conductor diameter, etc. A comparison study is performed to check the accuracy of the proposed formula with respect to six different formulas and methods in the literature. An excellent agreement was found between the results of this formula and the results of a sophisticated computerized method.

Chow, Y.L.; Salama, M.M.A. (Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). Computer Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Design, Simulation, and Analysis of Substation Automation Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Society depends on computer networks for communication. The networks were built to support and facilitate several important applications such as email, web browsing and instant messaging. Recently, there is a significant interest in leveraging modern local and wide area communication networks for improving reliability and performance in critical infrastructures. Emerging critical infrastructure applications, such as smart grid, require a certain degree of reliability and Quality of Service (QoS). Supporting these applications requires network protocols that enable delay sensitive packet delivery and packet prioritization. However, most of the traditional networks are designed to provide best effort service without any support for QoS. The protocols used in these networks do not support packet prioritization, delay requirements and reliability. In this thesis, we focus on the design and analysis of communication protocols for supporting smart grid applications. In particular, we focus on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). Substations are nodes in the smart grid infrastructure that help the in transportation of power by connecting the transmission and distribution lines. The SAS applications are con figured to operate with minimal human intervention. The SAS monitors the line loads continuously. If the load values are too high and can lead to damage, the SAS declares those conditions as faults. On fault detection, the SAS must take care of the communication with the relay to open the circuit to prevent any damage. These messages are of high priority and require reliable, delay sensitive delivery. There is a threshold for the delay of these messages, and a slight increase in the delay above the threshold might cause severe damages. Along with such high priority messages, the SAS has a lot of background traffic as well. In spite of the background traffic, the substation network must take care of delivering the priority messages on time. Hence, the network plays a vital role in the operation of the substation. Networks designed for such applications should be analyzed carefully to make sure that the requirements are met properly. We analyzed and compared the performance of the SAS under di erent network topologies. By observing the characteristics of the existing architectures, we came up with new architectures that perform better. We have suggested several modi cations to existing solutions that allow significant improvement in the performance of the existing solutions.

Kembanur Natarajan, Elangovan

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Demand Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment for Eastern Interconnection Youngsun Baek, Stanton W. Hadley, Rocio Martinez, Gbadebo Oladosu, Alexander M. Smith, Fran Li, Paul Leiby and Russell Lee Prepared for FY12 DOE-CERTS Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review September 20, 2012 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DOE National Laboratory Studies Funded to Support FOA 63 * DOE set aside $20 million from transmission funding for national laboratory studies. * DOE identified four areas of interest: 1. Transmission Reliability 2. Demand Side Issues 3. Water and Energy 4. Other Topics * Argonne, NREL, and ORNL support for EIPC/SSC/EISPC and the EISPC Energy Zone is funded through Area 4. * Area 2 covers LBNL and NREL work in WECC and

215

Paraconsistent Case-Based Reasoning Applied to a Restoration of Electrical Power Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a connection of two techniques applied in Artificial Intelligence to solve problems of restoration of electrical power substations. The techniques are: Case-based Reasoning --- CBR and the Four-Valued Annotated Paraconsistent Logic ... Keywords: CBR, Case-based Reasoning, Decision Support System, Intelligent System, Paraconsistent Logic, Restoration of Electrical Power Substations

Helga Gonzaga Martins; Germano Lambert-Torres; Luiz Eduardo Borges Da Silva; Claudio Inácio Almeida Costa; Maurilio Pereira Coutinho

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Special design and testing aspects of the 345 kV East Fishkill substation  

SciTech Connect

The installation of two 135 MVAR capacitor banks in the 345 kV East Fishkill substation required special design of the grounding system, installation of reactors in series with the capacitor banks, closing resistors in the circuit breakers and special shielding of control cables. This paper describes the design of the substation and the tests performed before commissioning the capacitor banks.

Fogarty, R.P.; Halleran, T.M.; Laskowski, L.M.; Mark, D.A. (Consolidated Edison Co. of New York, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's substation managers and engineers due to the aging nature of substation equipment and infrastructure of low-power wireless sensor networks, utility companies have also begun to investigate the potential was a contractor for the EPRI project. There were multiple utility members in the EPRI project. This paper focusses

Nasipuri, Asis

218

Proposed 230-kV Crossover Substation, Big Horn County, Montana: Environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

Western proposes to construct, operate, and maintain a 230-kV substation northwest of Hardin, Big Horn County, Montana. The proposed Crossover Substation would form an interconnection between Western's Yellowtail-Custer and MPC's Colstrip-Billings 230-kV transmission lines. Impacts and mitigation strategies are discussed.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

PARALLEL COMPUTING AIDED DESIGN OF EARTHING SYSTEMS FOR ELECTRICAL SUBSTATIONS IN NON HOMOGENEOUS SOIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and design of grounding systems of electrical substations have been proposed, most of them based on practicePARALLEL COMPUTING AIDED DESIGN OF EARTHING SYSTEMS FOR ELECTRICAL SUBSTATIONS IN NON HOMOGENEOUS Abstract. An accurate design of grounding systems is essential to assure the safety of the persons

Colominas, Ignasi

220

Abstract--Development of Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) brings a leap in the development of substations. Large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of substations. Large scale deployment of IEDs creates huge amount of data either recorder continuously monitoring and signal processing in substation has become a powerful feature necessary to assure the system is reliable and secure. In this paper, the new monitoring and signal processing solution in substation based

Kezunovic, Mladen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Abstract --The paper introduces a concept for integration of substation IED data, primarily coming from digital protective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract -- The paper introduces a concept for integration of substation IED data, primarily coming from digital protective relays (DPRs) and digital fault recorders (DFRs) . Modern substations similar to that of DFRs. In some recent substation designs there are cases where DFR function is replaced

Kezunovic, Mladen

222

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

223

Microsoft Word - CX-Covington_Substation_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Harvey Schowe Harvey Schowe Project Manager - TESF-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Installation of new water system (potable and fire suppression) to entire Covington Complex PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1601 Budget Information: Work Order # 00257082 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions/modifications to electric power transmission facilities within previously developed area. Location: Covington Substation in King County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: In order to provide adequate potable and fire-suppression water to buildings within the Covington Complex, BPA proposes to install approximately 1,500 feet of new potable water line and fire main line. One trench will be dug at a depth of 4-5 feet to carry both new pipes for the

224

Microsoft Word - Cascade Networks Allston Substation LURR CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15, 2011 15, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum Harold Grappe - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Cascade Networks, Inc. LURR at Allston Substation Budget Information: Work Order # 00275035 Task 03 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems, data processing equipment, and similar electronic equipment." B4.7 "Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures..." Location: Section 10, Township 7 North, Range 3 West of the Delena Quadrangle located in Columbia County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to grant Cascade Networks, Inc. permission to

225

Microsoft Word - Ringold Substation Upgrade CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2011 1, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum Myra Lovell - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Ringold Substation Structure Replacement Project Budget Information: Work Order # 00272078 Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B4.6 "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities..." Location: Franklin County, Washington - Township 12 North, Range 29 East, Section 26 of the Basin City Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace the single pole structure 8/9 of the Benton-Scooteney No. 1 115-kV transmission line, the attached vertically mounted disconnect switch,

226

Microsoft Word - CX-ColumbiaREADaytonSubstationTap_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2011 7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mike Normandeau Customer Account Executive - PSE-SPOKANE Proposed Action: Columbia Rural Electric Association (Columbia REA) Dayton Substation Tap Line Project Budget Information: Work Order 00118303, Task 17 PP&A Project No.: PP&A 2089 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.12: Construction of electric power lines approximately 10 miles in length or less that are not for the integration of major new generation resources into a main transmission system. Location: Dayton, Columbia County, Washington Township 10 North, Range 39 East, Sections 14-17, 20 & 24 Township 10 North, Range 40 East, Sections 19 & 30

227

HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear detonation in or above the earth`s atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T & D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. [BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations  

SciTech Connect

A nuclear detonation in or above the earth's atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Canby Area Service Project : Substation and Associated Transmission Line : Environmental Assessment.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp's substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC's Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC's substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA's proposed action is intended to meet SVEC's increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC's increasing energy load by tapping into BPA's existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC's Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no environmental impact statement'' is not required.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Canby Area Service Project substation and associated transmission line. Environmental Assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp`s substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC`s Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC`s substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA`s proposed action is intended to meet SVEC`s increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC`s increasing energy load by tapping into BPA`s existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC`s Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no ``environmental impact statement`` is not required.

Not Available

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in a Memphis Electric substation. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in an electric substation in Memphis, Tennessee. These include the pothead structure, 115 kv switch structure, 97 kv lightning arresters, control house, capacitor banks, 115/12 kv transformers, 12 kv regulators, 115 kv oil circuit breakers, and 12 kv oil circuit breakers. The results from this fragility analysis provide the expected performance of equipment and structures in a substation. They can also be used to evaluate the seismic performance of the entire electric substation and to perform a system reliability analysis of the electric transmission system.

Huo, J.R.; Hwang, H.H.M.

1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

Assessment of the risk of fatal electric shocks inside a substation and in nearby exposed areas  

SciTech Connect

A simulation approach is elaborated for the risk assessment of fatal electric shocks due to touch and step voltages that are caused inside and around substations by ground faults. The approach suggested takes into account specific effects of ground faults, depending on their location, and various exposures encountered in practice. The fibrillation thresholds and human body impedance values are modelled as random functions to match well with the available experimental data. Several typical cases are analyzed for a substation, as an illustration. The approach developed is intended to serve for a realistic analysis of risks implied by grounding system design of a substation surrounded by exposed areas.

Nahman, J.M. (Belgrade Univ. (Yugoslavia))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Scale model simulates full-size substation electric fields. [For 345-kV system  

SciTech Connect

An innovative scale model of a 345-kV substation that can be energized to produce representative electric fields has been developed. The purpose of the model is to determine how changes in substation design and operation affect ground-level voltage gradients. Recent tests of the field strengths predicted by the model and actual voltage gradients at the full-size substation at 150 different pairs of points showed excellent agreement. For 94 percent of the pairs the model error was less than 10 percent. The statistical mean of the absolute values of the discrepancies for all 150 points was only 4.6 percent.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard Expansion of O'Fallon Creek Substation Yard Description of Proposed Action: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to expand the current yard to accommodate an additional bay for a dedicated electrical feed to a future oil pumping station that will be part of the Keystone XL project. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 10210410 Subpmi D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with the Regulatory Requirements for the National Environmental Policy Act at 10 CFR 1021AI0(b), require the following determinations be made in order for a proposed action to be categorically

235

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO Ault Substation Expansion and Equipment Additions, Weld County, CO A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to expand the existing Ault SUbstation and add electrical equipment. The expansion would be within the existing fee-owned land. B. Number and Title of Categorical Excluison Being Applied . B4.11: Construction of electric power substations (including switching stations and support facilities) with power deliver at 230-kV or below, or modification (other than voltage increases) of existing sutstations and support facilities .. .. C. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (Refer to full text in regulation ). (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B to Subpart D. For classes of actions, listed in Appendix B, the following conditions are

236

Microsoft Word - CX-SnoKingSubstationExpansionFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Michael Marleau Michael Marleau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Sno-King Substation Expansion Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B4.11 Electric power substations and interconnection facilities Location: Bothell, Snohomish County, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to expand its Sno-King Substation's fenced electrical yard by approximately 0.2 acres to accommodate new equipment. The substation expansion is necessary to make room for the addition of a back-up 500/230-kV power transformer, which BPA can energize in the event of a primary transformer failure. The additional transformer will increase the safety and reliability of the system.

237

A simple approach to improve lightning performance of an uprated substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple method to minimize lightning surges entering an uprated or compact substation. A severe lightning stress is caused by a backflashover in close proximity to the substation. Feasibility of uprating is based on the surge arrester technology available at present. However, some aspects of line design offer opportunities in reducing frequency and severity of lightning surges imposed on the substation. The tower surge response adds an inductive overshoot only during the front of the stroke which reduces considerably during the tail. If backflashover does not occur before reflections from adjacent towers arrive, it is unlikely to occur at all. Use of guys and underbuilt ground wires in the limiting distance will produce reflections with larger magnitude and reduce the effective surge impedance of the tower. This would not only reduce backflashover frequency but will also minimize crest and duration of surges entering the substation.

Harrington, R.J.; Mueen, M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Proceedings from EPRI's Improve Overall Substations Maintenance (37B) & HVCB Life Management (37F) Task Force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's Improve Overall Substations Maintenance (37B) and High Voltage Circuit Breaker (HVCB) Life Management (37F) Task Force met December 5, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. This technical update contains the proceedings of the meeting.

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

239

Video surveillance-based insulator condition monitoring analysis for substation monitoring system (SMS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Video surveillance (VS) of electric power lines along with its accessories such as insulators has emerged as a potential alternative for the traditional practice of on-site physical detection. There has been a paradigm shift in electric substation ...

Velaga Sreerama Murthy; D. K. Mohanta; Sumit Gupta

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Plans for 735 kV substation. Towers revealed: Manicouagan-Outardes system  

SciTech Connect

A review of papers presented at the Toronto IEEE meeting is presented. Details of the substation design for the Manicouagan-Outardes 735 kV system are given.

Archambeau, J.; Cardella, O.; D' Auteuil, L.; Fournier, R.P.; McGillis, D.T.; Monty, G.

1963-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Substation-Wide Monitoring Through Applications of Networked Wireless Sensor Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the work performed by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte on an EPRI-sponsored project involving the development of a wireless sensor network for substation monitoring. Wireless sensor networking is an emerging technology, and its application to substation monitoring has substantial economic as well as functional benefits. This report describes the challenges faced, technologies used, design strategies developed, and lessons learned from the various experimen...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

242

A Dynamic Thermal Circuit Rating (DTCR) Thermal Parameter Database for Substation Terminal Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's DTCR (Dynamic Thermal Circuit Rating) software uses real-time or historical weather and electrical load data to calculate power equipment ratings for overhead lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation terminal equipment. This technical update concerns the organization of a thermal parameter database for substation terminal equipment intended to simplify the documentation and access to the data required for rating calculations. This update contains an organized and partly popula...

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

Catalogue and Assessment of Industry Maintenance Best Practices for Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities have been maintaining substation equipment reliably since the industry's inception, but now many are facing increased challenges to reduce operating and maintenance costs without adversely affecting service levels. In this setting, utilities may benefit from knowing what programs and techniques their peers have implemented. To that end, EPRI conducted a series of industry surveys assessing key substation equipment maintenance practices. As utilities consider modifying their maintenance programs...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Modeling of nonstationary phenomena in the MHD-channel-inverter-substation system  

SciTech Connect

A method for constructing a mathematical model of nonstationary phenomena in a system consisting of an MHD channel and an inverter substation, operating on a powerful ac grid, is examined. The variants of the realization of the model on a computer are discussed. Results of the solution of model problems with a diagonal MHD channel are presented. It is found that there is a significant coupling between the MHD channel and the inverter substation in transient processes.

Gusev, Y.P.; Zatelepin, V.N.; Kuznetsova, T.N.; Medin, S.A.; Pishchikov, V.I.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wood substation design beats out steel. [Conversion of 115-kV to 230 kV substations at Carolina Power and Light Co  

SciTech Connect

Construction plans for voltage conversion of substations can lead to new designs that are economical, reduce outage times, and result in minimum impacts on the environment. In fact, these factors prompted Carolina Power and Light Co. to make one such design its construction standard. Cost of converting a 115-kV distribution source substation to 230 kV is 20 percent less than that of replacing it with one of steel design. And because the conversion creates negligible environmental impact, getting government approval for the project is not a major problem. Steel is relegated to special situations.

Thompson, C.M.

1976-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electrical substation service-area estimation using Cellular Automata: An initial report  

SciTech Connect

The service areas for electric power substations can be estimated using a Cellular Automata (CA) model. The CA model is a discrete, iterative process whereby substations acquire service area by claiming neighboring cells. The service area expands from a substation until a neighboring substation service area is met or the substation`s total capacity or other constraints are reached. The CA-model output is dependent on the rule set that defines cell interactions. The rule set is based on a hierarchy of quantitative metrics that represent real-world factors such as land use and population density. Together, the metrics determine the rate of cell acquisition and the upper bound for service area size. Assessing the CA-model accuracy requires comparisons to actual service areas. These actual service areas can be extracted from distribution maps. Quantitative assessment of the CA-model accuracy can be accomplished by a number of methods. Some are as simple as finding the percentage of cells predicted correctly, while others assess a penalty based on the distance from an incorrectly predicted cell to its correct service area. This is an initial report of a work in progress.

Fenwick, J.W.; Dowell, L.J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Functional design criteria exploratory shaft power line and substation Project B-417  

SciTech Connect

This project will provide a 13.8-KV, 3-phase electrical power line from substation B-251 to the ES site. The power line will be sized to carry the 6000 KVA power required to meet the construction and operations power requirements of the facility. The line will originate at an existing circuit breaker at the 13.8 KV switch gear at substation B-251 and will terminate at fused cutouts at the ES site. Wood poles will be used for the aerial support of the {approximately}4.7 mile transmission line. Joint use of the line by project B-316 is being considered. The substation will provide transformation from 13.8 KV to 2.4 KV, transformer mounting, grounding grid for the entire substation, the substation fence, and connection between the primary side of the transformer and the 13.8 KV electrical line (last pole) provided by Part 1. Switching stations, protective devices, and metering, which are normally part of a substation, will be provided by the ES Project, B-314. 10 refs.

Schroeder, B.K.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

{open_quotes}Secure Bus{close_quotes} disturbance-free power at the utility substation level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last 18 months Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), El Camino Real Engineering, Inc. (CRE), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) have worked on the development of disturbance-free power at the medium voltage substation level. The work resulted in the Secure Bus concept, a system in which a medium voltage bus in a substation is immune to power outages and voltage sags on the utility source. The Secure Bus voltage is also immune to voltage sags resulting from faults on any distribution feeder connected to the bus. The Secure Bus concept originated from work conducted to improve power quality for large high-tech manufacturing facilities, in particular for large semiconductor manufacturing plants. For the demands on quality power of a modern facility conventional equipment is not adequate for protecting the end user. For example, the operation of conventional vacuum breakers during short circuit conditions on a feeder circuit, requiring 3 to 5 cycles for breaker opening, does not allow for fast enough current interruption to avoid a voltage dip on the main bus. A sever voltage sag could result in a shut down of sensitive equipment being supplied by the other feeder circuits, which are connected to the main bus. The circumvent the problem, a fast breaker was introduced which interrupts the short circuit before the current causes a significant voltage disturbance. To make the bus immune also to power disturbances caused by power outages, energy storage is introduced to provide the necessary energy back-up in case the primary source is not available.

Boenig, H.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Jones, W.H. [El Camino Real Engineering, Inc., Corrales, NM (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Technical Requirements and Vision for Development of an Integrated Framework for Substation Equipment Performance and Risk Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principal motivation for building an integrated assessment framework is to provide support for decisions that influence substation equipment performance. However, because equipment performance can in turn affect substation and system performance, the framework scope should reach beyond the traditional equipment boundaries. The decisions that revolve around maintenance and replacement most directly affect installed substation equipment performance and are therefore the primary focus of this work. Comp...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

250

Ground potential rise characteristics of urban step-down substations fed by power cables - A practical example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows some special ground potential rise characteristics of substations fed by power cables. These characteristics were detected during the study of the interconnected ground system of 14 step-down urban substations fed by the 138 kV underground cable network serving the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro city in Brazil. As this type of system is very common in large cities, the subject can be of general interest for the industry. It was verified that when a fault occurs at a ''cable substation'' (a substation fed exclusively by power cables), almost no ground potential effects were detected at the faulted substation or at the other ''cable substations'' of the 138 kV network. However, high values of ground potential occurred at the ''transition substations'' (substations in which the power cables are connected to overhead 138 kV transmission lines, with steel groundwires). That ground potential was enough to produce shocks and equipment damage in certain ''transition substations''. It was verified that this problem has no relation with potential transfer. The paper shows also that the utilization of overhead lines with ACSR groundwires on the initial spans closer to the ''transition substation'' would be enough to avoid the problem. Even if the ACSR conductor is used only at the initial section of one of the lines, a reduction of the problem would be obtained. The paper shows also that the utilization of ACSR ground-wires near the ''transition substations'' contributes to reduce the amount of the copper necessary to control step, touch and mess potentials in these substations. Additional mitigation procedures are also examined in the paper.

Sobral, S.T. (IESA - Internacional de Engenharia S.A. (BR)); Barbosa, J.O.; Numes, J.V.C.; Chinelli, E.; Netto, A.F. (Light - Servicos de Eletricidade S.A. (BR)); Costa, V.S.; Campos, J.H. (Eletrobras - Centrais Eletricas, Brasileiras (BR))

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center Technical Advisory Group Meeting August 31, 2007 10:30 AM - Noon Meeting Agenda * Introductions (10 minutes) * Main Presentation (~ 1 hour) * Questions, comments from panel (15 minutes) Project History * Lighting Scoping Study (completed January 2007) - Identified potential for energy and demand savings using demand responsive lighting systems - Importance of dimming - New wireless controls technologies * Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) Objectives * Provide up-to-date information on the reliability, predictability of dimmable lighting as a demand resource under realistic operating load conditions * Identify potential negative impacts of DR lighting on lighting quality Potential of Demand Responsive Lighting Control

252

Demand Response Spinning Reserve  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Title Demand Response Spinning Reserve Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2007 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Janine Nelson-Hoffman, Carlos...

253

Transportation Demand This  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

69 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Transportation Demand Module The NEMS Transportation Demand Module estimates...

254

Addressing Energy Demand  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices Bo Shen, Girish Ghatikar, Chun Chun Ni, and Junqiao Dudley Environmental Energy...

255

Propane Sector Demand Shares  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... agricultural demand does not impact regional propane markets except when unusually high and late demand for propane for crop drying combines with early cold ...

256

Specialized micro grid (IDAPS) for intelligently managing customer-owned DER's  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrical power system is an enabling infrastructure that supports the operation of other critical infrastructures and thus the economic well being of a nation. It is, therefore, very important to design for resiliency and autonomous reconfigurability ... Keywords: intelligent distributed autonomous power system (IDAPS), intelligent micro grid, web based technology

Jarupula Somlal

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Data:C7eb2d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 d17-5b97-4224-8f33-d6884dfcec34 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Service - between 200kW and 1,000kW Demand Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Transformer Ownership Discount: Customers who own and maintain their own transformers or substations shall be given a credit of $0.25 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation equipment is subject to utility inspection and approval.

258

Ground grid design changes due to potential rise limits outside substations  

SciTech Connect

To ensure safe grounding for personnel and to provide for correct operation of relays, several design factors are critical to assessing the adequacy of a station ground grid design. These difficult to alter parameters are soil resistivity, clearing times for single line to ground station faults, size and location of the substation, and the magnitude of the single line to ground fault current. These are the critical parameters for the grounding system, leaving the designer with the grid area, grid geometry, wire size, surface material, number of ground rods, and burial depth as the tools for reducing step and touch potentials to adequate levels. Grounding practices for substations are based on maintaining step and touch potentials below the limits described in IEEE-80. Guide for AC Substation Grounding. Recently, requirements to limit step and touch potentials outside the substation perimeter were proposed by particular government agencies in Commonwealth Edison's service territory. This limit imposes design changes that would increase construction costs and prevent locating substation at existing sites. This paper compares the design changes needed to meet lower limits with a standard installation designed according to the IEEE-80 guide.

Lodwig, S.G. (Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago, IL (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Conceptual Design Report, Exploratory Shaft Power Line and Substation, Project B-417  

SciTech Connect

This project will provide a 13.8-KV, 3-phase electrical power line from substation B-251 to the ES site. The power line will be sized to carry the 6000 KVA power required to meet the construction and operations power requirements of the facility. The line will originate at an existing circuit breaker at the 13.8 KV switch gear at substation B-251 and will terminate at fused cutouts at the ES site. Wood poles will be used for the aerial support of the {approximately}4.7 mi. transmission line. Joint use of the line by project B-316 is being considered. This part will provide transformation from 13.8 KV to 2.4 KV, transformer mounting, grounding grid for the entire substation, the substation fence, and connection between the primary side of the transformer and the 13.8 KV electrical line (last pole) provided by Part I. Switching stations, protective devices, and metering, which are normally part of a substation, will be provided by the ES project, B-314. This report includes drawings, cost estimates and schedules.

Schroeder, B.K. (Kaiser Engineers Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA))

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers Title Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of integrating demand response and energy efficiencyand D. Kathan (2009), Demand Response in U.S. ElectricityFRAMEWORKS THAT PROMOTE DEMAND RESPONSE 3.1. Demand Response

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Demand Trading: Building Liquidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand trading holds substantial promise as a mechanism for efficiently integrating demand-response resources into regional power markets. However, regulatory uncertainty, the lack of proper price signals, limited progress toward standardization, problems in supply-side markets, and other factors have produced illiquidity in demand-trading markets and stalled the expansion of demand-response resources. This report shows how key obstacles to demand trading can be overcome, including how to remove the unce...

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

Microsoft Word - Chenoweth-Substation-3G-RS-CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2010 4, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Creig Millen Project Manager - TEC-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Chenoweth Substation 3G Radio Station Project Budget Information: Work Order 00197213, Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Siting, construction, and operation of microwave and radio communication towers and associated facilities... Location: Wasco County, Oregon (T2N, R13E, Sections 21and 28) Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to construct a 120-foot radio tower and antenna system at BPA's Chenoweth Substation in Wasco County, Oregon. The new tower will require a 20 x 20 foot expansion of the existing substation yard and will replace an existing 50-foot monopole

264

Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis Conformational Diversity and Sub-states in Enzyme Catalysis November 01, 2013 Enzymes are great biocatalysts, and have attracted significant interest for industrial applications (including cellulosic ethanol) due to their remarkable catalytic efficiencies. The understanding of factors that enable enzymes to achieve the high catalytic efficiency will have large impact through design of new and powerful biocatalysts. Unfortunately, the understanding of these factors have largely remain a mystery so far. Using joint computational-experimental methodology we have developed a unique technique named quasi-anharmonic analysis (QAA) for identification of conformational diversity and conformational sub-states associated with enzyme function. As a result of this approach we have been able to develop

265

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

266

EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation 00: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO EIS-0400: Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Grand County, CO Summary Western Area Power Administration prepared an EIS, with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Grand County (Colorado) as cooperating agencies, to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of rebuilding a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County. The proposed project would rebuild the single-circuit line as a double-circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. Western identified potentially significant impacts while preparing an EA for this proposal (DOE/EA-1520) and prepared an EIS instead of completing

267

Microsoft Word - CX-Marion and Sand Springs Substation Towers Revised.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEC-4 KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dave Tripp Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Marion and Sand Springs Substations Radio Tower Projects Budget Information: Work Orders 00243411 and 00243190; Task 3 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Siting, construction, and operation of microwave and radio communication towers and associated facilities... Location: Marion and Deschutes counties, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to install new radio towers at the Marion Substation and Sand Springs Substation communication sites in Oregon. BPA must vacate radio frequencies in the 1710-1755MHz band to comply with a Federal law mandating reallocation of

268

Study on Tubular Busbar Corona Design Optimization of ±660kV HVDC Converter Substation in Qingdao  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HVDC busbar corona characteristic is the main factor taken into account for choosing busbar of HVDC converter substation. By establishing the calculation models of electric field strength along the busbar surface, ground total electric field strength ... Keywords: ±660 kV HVDC, converter substation, corona characteristics, electromagnetic, tubular busbar optimization

Xu Mingming; Li Kejun; Tan Zhenyu; Niu Lin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION I. Colominas, F. Navarrina, and M. Casteleiro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION GROUNDING I. Colominas, F approach for the numerical com- putation of substation grounding systems is presented. In this general formulation has been implemented in a speci#12;c Computer Aided Design system for ground- ing analysis

Colominas, Ignasi

270

Use of standard distribution substation transformers can lead to early failures  

SciTech Connect

Unnecessary outages and transformer failures may result from the use of traditional substation transformers as an economy measure because design variations do not always specify the through-fault and overload characteristics of equipment. Efforts to keep costs down can overlook variations in the strengths and weaknesses of units. Research results at RTE-ASEA here and in Sweden show that previous faults determine a unit's ability to tolerate new failures and that periodic overloading of substation transformers hastens aging and failure. 1 figure, 2 tables. (DCK)

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Fourth international symposium on distribution automation and demand side management (DA/DSM 94)  

SciTech Connect

This document is the conference proceedings from the 1994 Distribution Automation/Demand Side Management meeting in Orlando, Florida. There are 87 papers presented, and topics include: (1) improved feeder efficiency, (2) automation of older substations, (3) modeling tools for distribution, planning, and operations, (4) sensing and fault detection, (5) outage monitoring, (6) cost and benefits of distribution automation, (7) communications, (8) optimization of feeder systems operations, (9) information technology, (10) demand-side management applications in the industrial, commercial, and residential sectors, (11) pricing and regulation, and (12) applications to the natural gas industry.

NONE

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

272

Demand Impacted by Weather  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When you look at demand, it’s also interesting to note the weather. The weather has a big impact on the demand of heating fuels, if it’s cold, consumers will use ...

273

Mass Market Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Market Demand Response Mass Market Demand Response Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: July 24, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Demand response programs are often quickly and poorly crafted in reaction to an energy crisis and disappear once the crisis subsides, ensuring that the electricity system will be unprepared when the next crisis hits. In this paper, we propose to eliminate the event-driven nature of demand response programs by considering demand responsiveness a component of the utility obligation to serve. As such, demand response can be required as a condition of service, and the offering of demand response rates becomes a requirement of utilities as an element of customer service. Using this foundation, we explore the costs and benefits of a smart thermostat-based demand response system capable of two types of programs: (1) a mandatory,

274

Demand Trading Toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Download report 1006017 for FREE. The global movement toward competitive markets is paving the way for a variety of market mechanisms that promise to increase market efficiency and expand customer choice options. Demand trading offers customers, energy service providers, and other participants in power markets the opportunity to buy and sell demand-response resources, just as they now buy and sell blocks of power. EPRI's Demand Trading Toolkit (DTT) describes the principles and practice of demand trading...

2001-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE Texas A&M University Department of Electrical Engineering kezunov@ee.tamu.edu Henry Taylor, Fellow IEEE Texas A&M University Department of Electrical Engineering taylor@ee.tamu.edu Abstract This paper

Kezunovic, Mladen

276

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Supplemental Environmental Analysis, Schultz Substation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes the purpose, function, and the environmental consequences of the proposed Schultz substation near Ellensburg, Washington. The affected environment is described in detail, including aerial survey photographs. The impacts on vegetation, fish and wildlife, soils, and water resources are described. (GHH)

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The 4 times 6 network; Upgrade of a major 500kV substation  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a study to enhance the reliability of BC Hydro's Ingledow 500 kV substation. It employs truth tables and frequency and duration analysis. The study included double-breaker double-bus and 4 {times} 6 arrangements, and 4 {times} 6 was recommended for its cost and reliability advantages.

Page, R.; Nishikawara, K.; Stromotich, F. (Substation Planning Associates, Inc., West Vancouver (CA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Design and Implementation of a High-power Mobile Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a scheme design and implementation of a high-power mobile substation, which used to convert local standard AC to the requirement of electrical equipment. In this system, a three-phase AC generator is driven by a DC motor, the motor ... Keywords: AC, frequency, motor, generator, feedback, efficiency, PID

Yongtai Chen; Tuyaun Qin; Jing Tang; Li Cai

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A hybrid intelligent system for alarm processing in power distribution substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This application paper presents an intelligent system for alarm processing and fault location in power substations. A hybrid model is constructed using rule-based systems and an artificial neural network. Incoming alarms are initially handled by an input ... Keywords: Expert systems, fault location, neural networks

J. C. Stacchini de Souza; M. B. Do Coutto Filho; R. S. Freund

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

New Solutions for Substation Sensing, Signal Processing and Decision Making M. Kezunovic, Fellow IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into one system [1]. Once the concept is implemented, a variety of new applications that utilize overall of IEDs from different vendors can be interconnected to form a substation automation system. The problem in the power system area regarding application of sensors, signal processing and decision-making. To illustrate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Data Integration and Information Exchange: Impacts on Future Substation and EMS Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project is concerned with data integration and information exchange to facilitate power system operation, monitoring, control, and protection in substations. The report investigates nontraditional uses of data with a purpose of developing new functions that will affect the way power systems are run by all involved groups, including dispatchers, operations, maintenance, protection, asset management, and planning.

2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

282

Abstract -The paper discusses substation IED data integration and its importance for implementation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.hnei.hawaii.edu Related Projects: Grid Management Using Hydrogen Batteries for Grid Management Hawai`i Energy of Distribution Management System Status and Accomplishments Phase 1 of this project is in progress were provided by MECO. MECO's Wailea substation was selected for use in this project and preliminary

Kezunovic, Mladen

283

BLID sensor evaluation at a 500-kV substation: an interim report  

SciTech Connect

A joint Sandia Laboratories-Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) evaluation of a buried-line intrusion detection (BLID) sensor is being performed at a 500-kV switching substation. Measurements of the electrical environment and the effects of the environment on the sensor are described.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Research of Operation Reliability and Power Quality for Four Sets of Main Transformer Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problems of the operation performance, reliability and power quality for four main transformer substations are discussed in this paper. Because of the increasing of power load and the short supply of land resources, the method provided has the necessity ... Keywords: Local grid, transformer, economy, reliability, power quality

Xilin Zhang, Bin Zhang, Guannan Wang, Chengmin Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Perimeter sensor evaluation at a 500-kV substation. Interim report  

SciTech Connect

A joint Sandia Laboratories-Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) evaluation of exterior perimeter intrusion sensors is being performed at a 500-kV switching substation. Measurements of the electrical environment and the effects of the environment on the sensors are described.

Griffith, R.D.

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Conformational substates in different crystal forms of the photoactive yellow protein--Correlation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conformational substates in different crystal forms of the photoactive yellow protein a description of large concerted motions in the ground state of the yellow protein from NMR data and theoretical transient intermediates. The ground state ~pG! has a UV0VIS absorbance maximum at 446 nm. After absorption

Joshua-Tor, Leemor

287

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers Title Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers Publication Type...

288

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot Elliot 115kV/43.8kV Transmission Substation Construction and Elliot 43.8kV Transmission Line. Description of Proposed Action: The Central Power Electric Cooperative (Central Power) is proposing a new substation near Elliot, ND to be owned and operated by Western under Western's Valley City to Forman 115kV transmission line in addition to 8 miles of new 43.8kV transmission line to connect the new substation to Dakota Valley Electric's (a Central Power member) North Milnor substation. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.l1: Construction of electric power substations ... or modification of existing substations and support facilities. Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with

289

Electrical Demand Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Demand Management Plan set forth in this paper has proven to be a viable action to reduce a 3 million per year electric bill at the Columbus Works location of Western Electric. Measures are outlined which have reduced the peak demand 5% below the previous year's level and yielded $150,000 annual savings. These measures include rescheduling of selected operations and demand limiting techniques such as fuel switching to alternate power sources during periods of high peak demand. For example, by rescheduling the startup of five heat treat annealing ovens to second shift, 950 kW of load was shifted off peak. Also, retired, non-productive steam turbine chillers and a diesel air compressor have been effectively operated to displaced 1330 kW during peak periods each day. Installed metering devices have enabled the recognition of critical demand periods. The paper concludes with a brief look at future plans and long range objectives of the Demand Management Plan.

Fetters, J. L.; Teets, S. J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Demand Dispatch-Intelligent  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and energy efficiency throughout the value chain resulting in the most economical price for electricity. Having adequate quantities and capacities of demand resources is a...

291

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fully-Automated Demand Response Test in Large Facilities14in DR systems. Demand Response using HVAC in Commercialof Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities”

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F) Enhanced ACP Date RAA ACP Demand Response – SpinningReserve Demonstration Demand Response – Spinning Reservesupply spinning reserve. Demand Response – Spinning Reserve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

U.S. Propane Demand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Demand is higher in 1999 due to higher petrochemical demand and a strong economy. We are also seeing strong demand in the first quarter of 2000; however, ...

294

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

xxxv Option Value of Electricity Demand Response, Osmanelasticity in aggregate electricity demand. With these newii) reduction in electricity demand during peak periods (

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Coordination of a distribution level continuously controlled compensation device with existing substation equipment for long term VAR management  

SciTech Connect

The implementation of a continuously controlled reactive compensation device, such as an SVC or a static condenser'' (STATCON), in a distribution-level substation provides opportunities to improve power quality and reliability due to the speed of response of such a device. Further benefits can be gained by coordinating the reactive compensation device and its related controls with other substation voltage control equipment, such as load tap changing (LTC) transformers and mechanically-switched capacitors. The results presented in this paper illustrate the impact that a [+-] 12 Mvar STATCON can have on a 150 MW, 12.5 kV load bus, in the Commonwealth Edison power system. Three control concepts for various levels of integration of the substation STATCON, LTCs, and mechanically-switched capacitors are presented. With broader application of SVCs and STATCONs at distribution substations, various other control strategies may also evolve.

Paserba, J.J.; Leonard, D.J.; Miller, N.W. (GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.); Lauby, M.G. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)); Naumann, S.T. (Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago, IL (United States)); Sener, F.P. (PHE Consulting, Brecksville, OH (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

CONSULTANT REPORT DEMAND FORECAST EXPERT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSULTANT REPORT DEMAND FORECAST EXPERT PANEL INITIAL forecast, end-use demand modeling, econometric modeling, hybrid demand modeling, energyMahon, Carl Linvill 2012. Demand Forecast Expert Panel Initial Assessment. California Energy

297

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

internal conditions. Maximum Demand Saving Intensity [W/ft2]automated electric demand sheds. The maximum electric shed

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Microsoft Word - CX-DixieSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP-4 KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Dixie Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms. Location: PLS T1S R8E S1 Dixie Substation in Elmore County, Idaho.

299

Microsoft Word - CX-TaylorFlatsSubstationMeterFY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25, 2013 25, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Bob Trisman Electrical Engineer - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Revenue meter replacement at Franklin County Public Utility District's (PUD) Taylor Flats Substation PP&A Project No: 2608 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Location: Franklin County, Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to remove the existing equipment and replace it with a new JEMSTAR revenue meter within BPA's existing meter rack inside Franklin County PUD's Taylor Flats Substation. No ground disturbance or alteration to the control house would occur.

300

Microsoft Word - CX-BentonCoPUD-FinleySubstationMeterProject_FY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

John Roeder John Roeder Contractor - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Revenue Meter Replacement at Benton County Public Utility District's (PUD) Finley Substation PP&A Project No: 2594 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Location: Benton County, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace an existing JEM1 revenue meter with a new JEMStar revenue meter within an existing meter rack at Benton County PUD's Finley Substation. BPA would own the rack and meter. No ground disturbance or alteration to the meter house would occur. Findings: BPA has determined that the proposed action complies with Section 1021.410 and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A procedure for derating a substation transformer in the presence of widespread electric vehicle battery charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of electric vehicle (EV) battery charging on a substation transformer that supplies commercial, residential, industrial, and EV load on a peak summer day. The analysis begins on modeling non-EV load with typical utility load shapes. EV load is modeled using the results from an analytical solution technique that predicts the net power and harmonic currents generated by a group of EV battery chargers. The authors evaluate the amount of transformer derating by maintaining constant daily transformer loss-of-life, with and without EV charging. This analysis shows that the time of day and the length of time during which the EVs begin charging are critical in determining the amount of transformer derating required. The results show that with proper control, EV charging may have very little effect on power system components at the substation level.

Staats, P.T.; Grady, W.M.; Arapostathis, A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Thallam, R.S. [Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Lightning overvoltage protection of the paddock 362-145 kV Gas-Insulated Substation  

SciTech Connect

Backflashovers close to the Paddiock 362-145 kV Gas-Insulated Substation (GIS) have been analyzed with the Electro-Magnetic Transient Program (EMTP) using a frequency dependent multi-conductor system. The severity of the lightning stroke currents were derived based on recent recordings in the eastern United States. Impacts of corona attenuation and distortion were accounted for using a shunt linear model approach. Turn-up effects of both line insulator flashover voltages and surge arrester protective characteristics were represented based on manufacturer's volt-time curves. Wave shaping effects of substation capacitances (ie., PT's transformers, CCPD's) were also modeled. Results show the importance of various modeling details in determining the overvoltages inside the GIS due to close backflashovers, which are caused by lightning strokes with varying intensity. These results are aimed at better evaluation of lightning protection requirements for GIS protected by metal-oxide surge arresters.

Elahi, H.; Sublich, M. (GE Industry and Utility Sales, Schenectady, NY (US)); Anderson, M.E.; Nelson, B.D. (Wisconsin Power and Light Co., Madison, WI (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Marys Lake 69/115-kV transmission line upgrade and substation expansion projects  

SciTech Connect

Western Area Power Administration (Western) and the Platte River Power Authority (Platte River) propose to upgrade portions of the existing electric transmission and substation system that serves the Town of Estes Park, Colorado. The existing transmission lines between the Estes Power Plant Switchyard and the Marys Lake Substation include a 115,000 volt (115-kV) line and 69,000 volt (69-kV) line. Approximately one mile is a double-circuit 115/69-kV line on steel lattice structures, and approximately two miles consists of separate single-circuit 115-kV and a 69-kV lines, constructed on wood H-Frame structures. Both lines were constructed in 1951 by the US Bureau of Reclamation. The existing transmission lines are on rights-of-way (ROW) that vary from 75 feet to 120 feet and are owned by Western. There are 48 landowners adjacent to the existing ROW. All of the houses were built adjacent to the existing ROW after the transmission lines were constructed. Upgrading the existing 69-kV transmission line between the Marys Lake Substation and the Estes Power Plant Switchyard to 115-kV and expanding the Marys Lake Substation was identified as the most effective way in which to improve electric service to Estes Park. The primary purpose and need of the proposed project is to improve the reliability of electric service to the Town of Estes Park. Lack of reliability has been a historical concern, and reliability will always be less than desired until physical improvements are made to the electrical facilities serving Estes Park.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Balance of Substation Equipment Condition Assessment and Life-Extension Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work reported in this technical update is part of an ongoing Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) effort to improve the balance of station equipment life management; this report presents results of investigations of issues, typical problems, and utility maintenance needs concerning substation high-voltage disconnect and grounding switches. This project phase included a needs assessment and research roadmap development to identify and address maintenance and other life cycle issues for manual and ...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

305

Management Practices for Prevention and Retention of Oil Spills from Substation Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Releases of mineral oil from insulated substation equipment present potential environmental and economic burden. The purpose of this report is to discuss practices utilized to prevent releases of mineral oil, to the extent practical, and then to contain spills/leaks that do occur. Discussion is provided to aid a company's decision in identifying those management practices that are best for their conditions, with "best" being defined as those that provide the optimal balance of cost, performance, and envi...

2003-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

306

Calculation of pressure waves in substation buildings due to arcing faults  

SciTech Connect

Pressure stress from internal arcing includes static and dynamic phenomena. These phenomena can be distinguished with the help of the pulsation factor. The ray tracing technique presented allows the three-dimensional calculation of pressure stresses including transient effects. Two examples demonstrating the importance of pressure waves on the stress of rooms are presented. A calculation procedure is given which enables an improvement of the design of substation buildings.

Dasbach, A.; Pietsch, G.J. (Grundegebiete der Elektrotechnik und Gasentladungstechnik, Aachen Univ. of Technology, Aachen (DE))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lightning protection requirements of SF/sub 6/ substation determined by hybrid simulator. [115/345 kv station  

SciTech Connect

The development of a hybrid computer simulation which can provide the type and quantity of data necessary for determining the behavior of lightning-caused surges traveling through substations is discussed. Results from a specific application on a 115-kV/345-kV station are presented. The results show that the simulation of SF/sub 6/ substations during lightning-caused surges is ideally accomplished by hybrid computer. The quantity of data for complete substation analysis may be gathered efficiently. In addition, digital graphical summaries provide quick insight into substation behavior. The application of this method to simple configurations has shown the previous assumptions must be carefully reviewed. For example, it is shown by computer simulation and analytical hand calculation that the surges with the steepest wave fronts may not produce the highest substation voltages. It is concluded that this hybrid simulation is an excellent tool in the determination of SF/sub 6/ substation response to lightning-caused surges. (LCL)

Tranen, J.D. (New England Electric System, Westborough, MA); Hedin, R.A.; Minnick, J.J.; Priest, K.W.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Substate Tying With Combined Parameter Training and Reduction in Tied-Mixture HMM Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two approaches are proposed for the design of tied-mixture hidden Markov models (TMHMM). One approach improves parameter sharing via partial tying of TMHMM states. To facilitate tying at the substate level, the state emission probabilities are constructed in two stages or, equivalently, are viewed as a "mixture of mixtures of Gaussians." This paradigm allows, and is complemented with, an optimization technique to seek the best complexity-accuracy tradeoff solution, which jointly exploits Gaussian density sharing and substate tying. Another approach to enhance model training is combined training and reduction of model parameters. The procedure starts by training a system with a large universal codebook of Gaussian densities. It then iteratively reduces the size of both the codebook and the mixing coefficient matrix, followed by parameter re-training. The additional cost in design complexity is modest. Experimental results on the ISOLET database and its E-set subset show that substate tying reduces the classification error rate by over 15%, compared to standard Gaussian sharing and whole-state tying. TMHMM design with combined training and reduction of parameters reduces the classification error rate by over 20% compared to conventional TMHMM design. When the two proposed approaches were integrated, 25% error rate reduction over TMHMM with whole-state tying was achieved.

Liang Gu; Kenneth Rose; Senior Member

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Environmental Assessment of Proposed Lynch Creek Substation Project : Service to Eatonville and the Ohop Valley.  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville Power Administation (BPA) proposes to construct 3.2 miles of 115-kV transmission line from a tap point on Tacoma City Light's Cowlitz-LaGrande 115-kV line to a new 115/12.5-kV, 15/20/25 MVA substation to be located about 1 mile northwest of Eatonville, adjacent to the Eatonville cutoff road. This plan was selected following initial consideration of five alternative plans for satisfying electrical needs in the project area and following agreement with BPA's customers on a vicinity for the substation site. The vicinity selected is midway between the two load centers and would require the least construction of distribution line. Subsequently, four alternative line routes and two substation sites have been evaluated. These alternatives provide a range of costs, engineering solutions, and potential environmental impacts. This evaluation led to the selection of one line route. This document describes possible environmental impacts of the proposed actions. 7 refs, 9 figs., 5 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Analysis techniques for power substation grounding systems. Volume 2. User's manual  

SciTech Connect

This User's Manual is provided as an adjunct to the final report on EPRI Research Project 1494-2. The manual is a self-contained document intended to provide detailed and complete instruction on the use of the computer programs developed by the research project. The manual includes user documentation on the two computer programs, entitled SGSYS and SMECC, developed on the contract. Brief program descriptions are followed by operational instructions, data formats, and output specifications. Preceding the program documentation is an introductory section which defines terms and outlines basic elements of grounding system analysis. Following this, a simple but detailed example is given which may be used as a guide in program utilization and also as a test case for individual program users. Following the user documentation is a completed practical example which shows data preparation for a specific substation and computer results obtained for that substation. The example also provides suggested procedures in approaching the problem of substation design using the methodologies developed by this project.

Joy, E.B.; Meliopoulos, A.P.; Webb, R.P.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The effect of magnetic field on optimal design of a rigid-bus substation  

SciTech Connect

Substation rigid-bus design involves electrical, mechanical, and structural considerations. In order to integrate these considerations into one document, IEEE in cooperation with ANSI has issued a comprehensive guide for design of substation rigid-bus systems. The design process based on this guide involves substantial manual effort to integrate all types of calculations. This is particularly evident when the computations have to be repeated several times in order to arrive at a more economic design. In an earlier paper the authors presented a mathematical model and computer program which automates the design process. Recently there has been concern expressed about the possible biological effects of low level magnetic fields. In view of this, a new design constraint taking into account the limits imposed on the magnitude of the magnetic field can be added to the design guidelines. In this paper the authors introduce such a constraint and they show how the magnitude of allowable magnetic field at a specified distance from the station buses affects the optimal design of a rigid bus substation.

Anders, G.J.; Ford, G.L.; Horrocks, D.J. (Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

313

Transportation Demand This  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Transportation Demand Transportation Demand This page inTenTionally lefT blank 75 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Transportation Demand Module The NEMS Transportation Demand Module estimates transportation energy consumption across the nine Census Divisions (see Figure 5) and over ten fuel types. Each fuel type is modeled according to fuel-specific and associated technology attributes applicable by transportation mode. Total transportation energy consumption is the sum of energy use in eight transport modes: light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks), commercial light trucks (8,501-10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), freight trucks (>10,000 lbs gross vehicle weight), buses, freight and passenger aircraft, freight

314

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Demand Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Demand Module calculates energy consumption for the four Census Regions (see Figure 5) and disaggregates the energy consumption

315

demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

316

Demand Response Database & Demo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Database & Demo Speaker(s): Mike Graveley William M. Smith Date: June 7, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Mary Ann Piette Infotility...

317

Tankless Demand Water Heaters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Demand (tankless or instantaneous) water heaters have heating devices that are activated by the flow of water, so they provide hot water only as needed and without the use of a storage tank. They...

318

Residential Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

Owen Comstock

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

319

Industrial Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

320

Industrial Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Residential Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

Owen Comstock

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

322

Automated Demand Response Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report includes assessments and test results of four end-use technologies, representing products in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, each configured to automatically receive real-time pricing information and critical peak pricing (CPP) demand response (DR) event notifications. Four different vendors were asked to follow the interface requirements set forth in the Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) standard that was introduced to the public in 2008 and currently used in two ...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

323

Automated Demand Response Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, which is an update to EPRI Report 1016082, includes assessments and test results of four end-use vendor technologies. These technologies represent products in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, each configured to automatically receive real-time pricing information and critical peak pricing (CPP) demand response (DR) event notifications. Four different vendors were asked to follow the interface requirements set forth in the Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) Communicat...

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.A meta-analysis of the price elasticity of gasoline demand.2007. Consumer demand un- der price uncertainty: Empirical

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

California Independent System Operator demand response & proxy demand resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand response programs are designed to allow end use customers to contribute to energy load reduction individually or through a demand response provider. One form of demand response can occur when an end use customer reduces their electrical usage ...

John Goodin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time. 4 Reducing this peak demand through DR programs meansthat a 5% reduction in peak demand would have resulted insame 5% reduction in the peak demand of the US as a whole.

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

328

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 12 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS 27 data.

329

Residential Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Residential Demand Module The NEMS Residential Demand Module projects future residential sector energy requirements based on projections of the number of households and the stock, efficiency, and intensity of energy-consuming equipment. The Residential Demand Module projections begin with a base year estimate of the housing stock, the types and numbers of energy-consuming appliances servicing the stock, and the "unit energy consumption" (UEC) by appliance (in million Btu per household per year). The projection process adds new housing units to the stock, determines the equipment installed in new units, retires existing housing units, and retires and replaces appliances. The primary exogenous drivers for the module are housing starts by type

330

Demand Response In California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency & Energy Efficiency & Demand Response Programs Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich, Commissioner California Public Utilities Commission California Public Utilities Commission FUPWG 2006 Fall Meeting November 2, 2006 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 1 Highest Priority Resource Energy Efficiency is California's highest priority resource to: Meet energy needs in a low cost manner Aggressively reduce GHG emissions November 2, 2006 2 Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 3 http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/PUBLISHED/REPORT/51604.htm Commissioner Dian M. Grueneich November 2, 2006 4 Energy Action Plan II Loading order continued "Pursue all cost-effective energy efficiency, first." Strong demand response and advanced metering

331

Automated Demand Response Today  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand response (DR) has progressed over recent years beyond manual and semi-automated DR to include growing implementation and experience with fully automated demand response (AutoDR). AutoDR has been shown to be of great value over manual and semi-automated DR because it reduces the need for human interactions and decisions, and it increases the speed and reliability of the response. AutoDR, in turn, has evolved into the specification known as OpenADR v1.0 (California Energy Commission, PIER Program, C...

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

332

Travel Demand Modeling  

SciTech Connect

This chapter describes the principal types of both passenger and freight demand models in use today, providing a brief history of model development supported by references to a number of popular texts on the subject, and directing the reader to papers covering some of the more recent technical developments in the area. Over the past half century a variety of methods have been used to estimate and forecast travel demands, drawing concepts from economic/utility maximization theory, transportation system optimization and spatial interaction theory, using and often combining solution techniques as varied as Box-Jenkins methods, non-linear multivariate regression, non-linear mathematical programming, and agent-based microsimulation.

Southworth, Frank [ORNL; Garrow, Dr. Laurie [Georgia Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

United States lubricant demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines United States Lubricant Demand for Automotive and Industrial Lubricants by year from 1978 to 1992 and 1997. Projected total United States Lubricant Demand for 1988 is 2,725 million (or MM) gallons. Automotive oils are expected to account for 1,469MM gallons or (53.9%), greases 59MM gallons (or 2.2%), and Industrial oils will account for the remaining 1,197MM gallons (or 43.9%) in 1988. This proportional relationship between Automotive and Industrial is projected to remain relatively constant until 1992 and out to 1997. Projections for individual years between 1978 to 1992 and 1997 are summarized.

Solomon, L.K.; Pruitt, P.R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. ER06-615-000 CAISO Demand Response Resource User Guide -8 2.1. Demand Response Provides a Range of Benefits to8 2.2. Demand Response Benefits can be Quantified in Several

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Investigation of Auxiliary Power Substation 95A4 fault and fire, Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, March 24, 1982  

SciTech Connect

On March 24, 1982, an electrical fault and resultant fire in the 480 volt Auxiliary Power Substation 95A4 at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant destroyed that substation. There were no personal injuries, the overall loss was limited to the Substation, and the cost of replacing the Substation with repaired and new components has been estimated at $184,000. At the time of the incident, Goodyear was involved in a project to replace the obsolete 480 volt circuit breaker of the Auxiliary Power System. This project involved the disassembly, refurishing, and reassembly of 480 volt circuit breaker carriages by Goodyear personnel. The fault occurred in a circuit breaker upgraded under this project. The investigation of this accident is reported. The evidence suggests the fault resulted from the improper assembly of an upgraded 480 volt circuit breaker. Compounding the problem and leading to the extensive damage was the failure of the transformer secondary breaker to trip open as designed and interrupt the flow of power to the substation. It is surmised that inadequate testing during preventive maintenance contributed to this condition. Additional factors which may have contributed to the accident included: no requirements for assuring the competence of the electricians who installed the circuit breakers, no specific assembly instructions to the electricians, inadequate procedure instructions, and an inadequate procedure governing operational or load testing of the breaker. (LCL)

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

On Demand Guarantees in Iran.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??On Demand Guarantees in Iran This thesis examines on demand guarantees in Iran concentrating on bid bonds and performance guarantees. The main guarantee types and… (more)

Ahvenainen, Laura

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(kW), whose service is metered at the low side of a dedicated or customer-owned substation transformer(s), supplied through one point of delivery and measured through one or...

338

Transportation Demand Management Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Demand Management Plan FALL 2009 #12;T r a n s p o r t a t i o n D e m a n d M a n the transportation impacts the expanded enrollment will have. Purpose and Goal The primary goal of the TDM plan is to ensure that adequate measures are undertaken and maintained to minimize the transportation impacts

339

Commercial Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components.

Kevin Jarzomski

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Commercial Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components.

Kevin Jarzomski

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Microsoft Word - CX-HatwaiSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18, 2011 18, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Hatwai Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to: switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms.

342

Analysis of a 1200 kV circuit breaker for a gas insulated substation. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work carried out to analyze and design a circuit for use in 1200 kV gas insulated substations. The first part of the project was devoted to a thorough analysis of the requirements for the circuit breaker from the standpoint of the electrical system in which it would operate. A conceptual design was selected and all of the components of the circuit breaker were designed, modeled and verified. Finally a plan was prepared for the construction of a complete circuit breaker.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Reduction factor for the ground resistance of the foot in substation yards  

SciTech Connect

Limited thickness of the surface layer of gravel in a substation yard decreases the ground resistance of the foot from its value for the infinite thickness of the surface layer, by reduction factor C. The foot is usually represented by an equivalent circular plate of radius 8 cm. This paper presents method and equations to accurately determine the reduction factor for the circular plate. The equations are valid for any depth of the upper layer. The data are presented in the form of graphs. A simple empirical equation for determining the value of C is also presented.

Thapar, B.; Gerez, V.; Kejriwal, H. (Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

New fault locating system for air-insulated substations using optical current detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a newly developed fault locating system. This fault locating system helps to shorten the time required for restoration of service after the occurrence of a busbar fault in an air-insulated distribution substation. Recent optical and electronic technologies allow highly accurate and compact fault locating system, which consists of optical current detectors using Faraday effect and a fault locating processor employing digital data processing technique. The fault location is made by discriminating the direction of zero-sequence currents. Through various tests and field operations it has been confirmed that the system has sufficient performance for practical application.

Yoshida, Y.; Kawazoe, S. (Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Osaka (Japan)); Ibuki, K.; Yamada, K.; Ochi, N. (Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Amagasaki, Hyogo (Japan). Itami Works)

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A formula for resistance of substation grounding grid in two-layer soil  

SciTech Connect

A simple and accurate formula for calculating the resistance of a grounding grid buried in two-layer soil, is proposed in this paper. The formula is derived from the image theory and a novel synthetic asymptote technique. The resulted formula is dependent on both the substation grounding grid design parameters (such as grid size, number of meshes, grid-conductor diameter, grid depth, etc.) and the soil parameters (such as the resistivities of the upper and lower soils). The resistances calculated using the proposed formula are compared to the resistances obtained from a detailed numerical method and the agreement between the results is very good.

Salama, M.M.A.; El Sherbiny, M.M.; Chow, Y.L. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Microsoft Word - NEPA_CX_Acquisition_of_OTEC_Disconnect_Switch_LaGrand_Substation_05-08-2012.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kelly Miller Kelly Miller Project Manager - TG-DITT-2 Proposed Action: BPA Acquisition of OTEC Disconnect Switch at the BPA LaGrande Substation Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B 1.24 Property Transfer Location: BPA LaGrande Substation, in the City of LaGrande, Union County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to purchase the 230-kilovolt (kV) main bus disconnect switch (MB A-270) that is currently installed and operating within the BPA LaGrande Substation. The disconnect switch is owned by the Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative (OTEC). On October 7, 2011, the manager of engineering for OTEC requested that BPA purchase the disconnect switch. The disconnect switch is the only piece of equipment within

347

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-96) Snohomish District Substations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6) 6) - Snohomish District Substations Dennis Sjoquist - TFN/Snohomish Snohomish Regional Manager Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following facilities located in the Snohomish District: Bellingham Custer Fidalgo Intalco Lopez Island Monroe Murray, V.M. Snohomish Snoking Whatcom Whatcom Skagit Whatcom San Juan Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Snohomish Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bareground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Snohomish District of the Snohomish Region. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities.

348

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-94) Covington District Substations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4) 4) - Covington District Substations Dennis Sjoquist - TFN/Snohomish Snohomish Regional Manager Proposed Action: Vegetation Management for the following facilities located in the Covington District: Covington Echo Lake Lynch Creek Maple Valley Narrows Raver, P.J. South Tacoma Steilacoom Surprise Lake Tacoma King King Pierce King Pierce King Pierce Pierce Pierce Pierce Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes total vegetation management (bareground) in the electrical substations, and, noxious weed management and maintenance of landscaping within the property boundaries of the listed facilities. These facilities are all located within the Covington District of the Snohomish Region. Description of the Proposal: BPA proposes to manage vegetation inside and around electrical substations and associated facilities.

349

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild Project FEIS Executive Summary ES-1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction Western Area Power Administration (Western), a power marketing administration within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is proposing to rebuild and upgrade the Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard-Windy Gap Substation transmission line in Grand County, Colorado (Grand County). This Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) analyzes the impacts associated with the proposal to remove approximately 13.6 miles of 69-kilovolt (kV) transmission line, construct approximately

350

ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST METHODS REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST METHODS REPORT Companion Report to the California Energy Demand 2006-2016 Staff Energy Demand Forecast Report STAFFREPORT June 2005 CEC-400 .......................................................................................................................................1-1 ENERGY DEMAND FORECASTING AT THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION: AN OVERVIEW

351

Demand Forecast INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Forecast INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY A 20-year forecast of electricity demand is a required of any forecast of electricity demand and developing ways to reduce the risk of planning errors that could arise from this and other uncertainties in the planning process. Electricity demand is forecast

352

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Module calculates

353

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

354

On Demand Paging Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The power consumption of the network interface plays a major role in determining the total operating lifetime of wireless handheld devices. On demand paging has been proposed earlier to reduce power consumption in cellular networks. In this scheme, a low power secondary radio is used to wake up the higher power radio, allowing the latter to sleep or remain off for longer periods of time. In this paper we present use of Bluetooth radios to serve as a paging channel for the 802.11 wireless LAN. We have implemented an on-demand paging scheme on a WLAN consisting of iPAQ PDAs equipped with Bluetooth radios and Cisco Aironet wireless networking cards. Our results show power saving ranging from 19% to 46% over the present 802.11b standard operating modes with negligible impact on performance.

Bluetooth Radios On; Yuvraj Agarwal; Rajesh K. Gupta

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Optimal Planning of a Load Transfer Substation Pair between Two Normally Closed-Loop Feeders Considering Minimization of System Power Losses Using a Genetic Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an effective approach for planning a load transfer substation pair(LTSP) between two normally closed-loop feeders considering minimization of system power losses. Firstly, the annual equivalent load of each load point is calculated. ... Keywords: distribution feeder, normally closed-loop feeder, distribution substation, genetic algorithm, power losses

Wei-Tzer Huang; Kai-chao Yao; Shiuan-Tai Chen; Hsiau-Hsian Nien; Deng-Chung Lin; Po-Tung Huang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Assessment of Alternatives to Substation Batteries: Current Utility Practices, Interim Report: Tasks 1 and 2: Interim Report: Tasks 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Back-up power systems in electric company substations, primarily stationary lead-acid and nickel cadmium battery systems serving dc loads, play a critical role in substation reliability. This product is intended to help mitigate system reliability concerns and operating and maintenance budget constraints associated with uncertain performance and high maintenance of emergency power systems using traditional lead-acid battery technology.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Transient performance of substation grounding systems subjected to lightning and similar surge currents  

SciTech Connect

The frequency and time domain performance of a typical substation grounding system subjected to a lightning strike is described and discussed. The computed scalar potentials, electric fields and magnetic fields are presented graphically as a function of spatial coordinate, as a function of time and as a function of both. It is believed that these detailed results have not been published before. First, a double exponential lightning surge current is injected into the center of a square ground grid. This same surge current is then injected at one corner of the grid. The response of the grounding system to the frequency domain electromagnetic spectrum of this signal is computed by a frequency domain electromagnetic field analysis software package. Once all the frequency responses have been computed, the temporal and spatial distributions of the electromagnetic fields inside and near the substation are obtained by an inverse Fourier transformation of all these responses. The results are compared with some well known low frequency results and to recent published work in this area. These results indicate that the performance of the grounding system is significantly dependent on frequency and on the point of impact of the lightning strike.

Xiong, W.; Dawalibi, F.P. (Safe Engineering Services Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Intelligent Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deregulation has led to a search for methods to reduce maintenance costs while maintaining or improving the reliability of service. Both the cost of labor and the loss of experienced personnel suggest that successful strategies should be based on computer based methods.

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Net Demand3 Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract Number: DE-FE0004002 (Subcontract: S013-JTH-PPM4002 MOD 00) Summary The US DOE has identified a number of materials that are both used by clean energy technologies and are at risk of supply disruptions in the short term. Several of these materials, especially the rare earth elements (REEs) yttrium, cerium, and lanthanum were identified by DOE as critical (USDOE 2010) and are crucial to the function and performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) 1. In addition, US DOE has issued a second Request For Information regarding uses of and markets for these critical materials (RFI;(USDOE 2011)). This report examines how critical materials demand for SOFC applications could impact markets for these materials and vice versa, addressing categories 1,2,5, and 6 in the RFI. Category 1 – REE Content of SOFC Yttria (yttrium oxide) is the only critical material (as defined for the timeframe of interest for SOFC) used in SOFC 2. Yttrium is used as a dopant in the SOFC’s core ceramic cells.. In addition, continuing developments in SOFC technology will likely further reduce REE demand for SOFC, providing credible scope for at least an additional 50 % reduction in REE use if desirable. Category 2 – Supply Chain and Market Demand SOFC developers expect to purchase

J. Thijssen Llc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Demands..xi Annual natural gas demand for each alternativeused in natural gas demand projections. 34

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimum demand and Maximum demand incorporate assumptionslevels, or very minor Maximum demand household size, growthvehicles in Increasing Maximum demand 23 mpg truck share

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Dividends with Demand Response  

SciTech Connect

To assist facility managers in assessing whether and to what extent they should participate in demand response programs offered by ISOs, we introduce a systematic process by which a curtailment supply curve can be developed that integrates costs and other program provisions and features. This curtailment supply curve functions as bid curve, which allows the facility manager to incrementally offer load to the market under terms and conditions acceptable to the customer. We applied this load curtailment assessment process to a stylized example of an office building, using programs offered by NYISO to provide detail and realism.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, O.; Pratt, D.

2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard - Windy Gap Substation Transmission Line Rebuild, Grand County, Colorado: Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP PUMPING PLANT SWITCHYARD - WINDY GAP SUBSTATION TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD, GRAND COUNTY, COLORADO DOE/EIS-0400 Final Environmental Impact Statement Appendices Grand County, Colorado June 2013 Appendix A EIS Scoping Report GRANBY PUMPING PLANT - WINDY GAP TRANSMISSION LINE REBUILD PROJECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SCOPING SUMMARY REPORT December 4, 2007

364

Security of industrial sensor network-based remote substations in the context of the Internet of Things  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of remote substations is to provide the central system with sensitive information from critical infrastructures, such as generation, distribution or transmission power systems. Wireless sensor networks have been recently applied in ... Keywords: Industrial Control Networks, Internet of Things, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems, The Internet, Wireless Sensor Networks

Cristina Alcaraz; Rodrigo Roman; Pablo Najera; Javier Lopez

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Proposed Norton-Tesuque 115 kV overhead transmission line and substation in Sante Fe, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Construction is proposed of a 115/12.5-kilovolt (kV), 10/12.5-megavolt-ampere (MVA) substation in the Tesuque area and of 9.02 miles of 115-kV overhead transmission line from the Norton Station to the new substation in an area approximately three miles north of Sante Fe, New Mexico. The project would involve the granting of a 100-foot width right-of-way by the Tesuque Pueblo, the construction of the substation on the Tesuque Pueblo Indian Reservation between the Rio Tesuque and New Mexico 85, the addition of a 115-kV breaker bay at Norton Station, and the installation of two underground 12.47-kV distribution feeders to connect to existing ones in the Tesuque area. In addition, the station would be designed to accommodate one future underground 12.47-kV feeder that would terminate at a future distribution line in the Tesuque area. The preferred transmission line route would originate at the Norton Station and proceed east-northeast up Calabasa Arroyo to a point approximately 1.1 miles north of the southwest corner of the Tesuque Pueblo boundary. From this point the route would proceed east to the proposed substation site.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

VOLUME 67, NUMBER 1 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 1 JULY 1991 Optically Induced Coherence Transfer Echoes between Zeeman Substates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between Zeeman Substates Dieter Suter and Martin Rosatzin Institute of Quantum Electronics, Swiss Federal-echo phenomena associated with Zeeman coherences in a sublevel manifold. The experiments on the ground state on the Zeeman sublevels of the 3s `S'r,z ground state of atomic sodium. The beam of a single-mode cw ring dye

Suter, Dieter

367

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation By Tansa Musa zones and do not respect size limits in their quest for maximum financial returns. "I lack words economy. China's demand for hardwood drives illegal logging says "Both illegal and authorized

368

Estimating a Demand System with Nonnegativity Constraints: Mexican Meat Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Properties of the AIDS Generalized Maximum Entropy Estimator 24 #12;Estimating a Demand SystemEstimating a Demand System with Nonnegativity Constraints: Mexican Meat Demand Amos Golan* Jeffrey with nonnegativity constraints is presented. This approach, called generalized maximum entropy (GME), is more

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

369

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2006-2016 STAFF ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2006-2016 STAFF ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST Demand Forecast report is the product of the efforts of many current and former California Energy Commission staff. Staff contributors to the current forecast are: Project Management and Technical Direction

370

Demand Response | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Demand Response Demand Response Demand Response Demand response provides an opportunity for consumers to play a significant role in the operation of the electric grid by reducing or shifting their electricity usage during peak periods in response to time-based rates or other forms of financial incentives. Demand response programs are being used by electric system planners and operators as resource options for balancing supply and demand. Such programs can lower the cost of electricity in wholesale markets, and in turn, lead to lower retail rates. Methods of engaging customers in demand response efforts include offering time-based rates such as time-of-use pricing, critical peak pricing, variable peak pricing, real time pricing, and critical peak rebates. It also includes direct load control programs which provide the

371

Microsoft Word - CX-GarrisonSubstationAccessRoadImprovementFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2013 8, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Jonathan Malmberg Project Manager - TETQ-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Maintenance along sections of the access road leading to Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Garrison Substation PP&A Project No.: 2609 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine Maintenance. B1.13 Pathways, short access roads, and rail lines. Location: As identified in table below: Township Range Section County 9N 11W 14, 13, 24 Powell 9N 10W 19, 30, 20 Powell Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes repairing a corrugated metal pipe end; making minor asphalt repairs; and grading, shaping, compacting, and placing road aggregate on 20,005 linear feet

372

Microsoft Word - CX-SouthTacomaSubstationOlympicPipelineFenceUpgrade_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2011 7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Timothy Wicks Realty Specialist - TERR-Covington Proposed Action: Grant the Olympic Pipeline Company permission to upgrade an existing fence along the northern property line of Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) South Tacoma Substation to enhance security. PP&A Project No.: PP&A-2054 Budget Information: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.11 Fencing, no adverse effect on wildlife movement/surface water flow. Installation of fencing, including that for border marking that will not adversely affect wildlife movements or surface water flow. Location: S36 T9N R3E WM, in Pierce County, Washington. BPA Parcel #STAC-SS-SY

373

Seminoe-Kortes transmission line/substation consolidation project, Carbon County, Wyoming  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The existing switchyards at Western Area Power Administration's (WESTERN) Seminoe and Kortes facilities, located approximately 40 miles northeast of Rawlines, Carbon County, Wyoming, were constructed in 1939 and 1951, respectively. The circuit breakers at these facilities are beyond or approaching their service life and need to be replaced. In addition, the switchyards have poor access for maintenance and replacement of equipment, and their locations create potential for oil spills into the North Platte River. WESTERN is proposing to consolidate the switchyard facilities into one new substation to provide easier access, restore proper levels of system reliability, and decrease the potential for oil contamination of the river. This environmental assessment (EA) was prepared to evaluate the impacts of the proposed Seminoe-Kortes Consolidation Project. 57 refs., 12 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Experience in the installation of a microprocessor system for controlling converter units of the Vyborg substation  

SciTech Connect

The experience in the installation of modern digital systems for controlling converter units at the Vyborg converter substation on the basis of advanced microprocessor devices is considered. It is shown that debugging of a control and protection system on mathematical and physical models does not guarantee optimum control of actual converter devices. Examples of advancing the control and protection system are described, the necessity for which has become obvious in tests of actual equipment. Comparison of oscillograms of processes before optimization of the control system and after its optimization and adjustment shows that the digital control system makes it possible to improve substantially the algorithms of control and protection in the short term and without changing the hardware component.

Gusakovskii, K. B.; Zmaznov, E. Yu.; Katantsev, S. V.; Mazurenko, A. K.; Mestergazi, V. A.; Prochan, G. G.; Funtikova, S. F. [High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission Research Institute (NIIPT) (Russian Federation)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Type B investigation of electrical fault in 351 Substation, December 4, 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On December 4, 1994, at 2132:10 hours, an electrical failure of a cable-tapping splice resulted in a fire in the 300 Area of the DOE Hanford Site. The fire occurred in the yard of Substation 351 in electrical Vault R122V, where the cable-tapping splice was located. The fire incinerated all cables passing to and through the vault causing them to fail. The failure of the cables resulted in a power outage to twenty customers in the 300 Area. The vault was electrically isolated, and power was restored to the electrical distribution system at 2311 hours. This report contains the accident scenario, accident analysis, direct cause and root and contributing causes.

Debban, H.L.; Shearer, C.A.; Boger, R.M.; McDonald, G.P. [ICF Kaiser Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Eyre, L.E.; Dell, L.D.; Kelly, D.S. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Effects of deteriorated and contaminated substation surface covering layers on foot resistance calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ANSI/IEEE Standard 80 is widely used to determine electrical currents flowing through the human body as the result of touch and step voltages near transmission and distribution facilities. This paper shows, however, that significant inaccuracies can occur when the ANSI/IEEE Standard 80 proposed method to calculate foot resistances is applied in substations covered by a thin layer of crushed rock or similar covering layers. In particular, it is shown that the errors obtained by using the infinite series expression of the foot resistance are consistently larger than those produced by the simplified expression for clean and contaminated surface layers. This paper also compares its results with those proposed recently in the literature. It is shown that these recent proposed equations may be subject to major errors under certain conditions. Equivalent Thevenin foot resistances are plotted for various scenarios of clean and contaminated surface covering layers.

Dawalibi, F.P.; Xiong, W.; Ma, J. (Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1992-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

378

Final environmental assessment for vegetation control at VHF stations, microwave stations, electrical substations, and pole yards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Southwestern Power Adm. operates very high frequency (VHF) and microwave radio stations, electrical substations, and pole yards for electric power transmission throughout AR, MO, and OK. Vegetation growth at the stations must be suppressed for safety of operation and personnel. Southwestern has been using a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control for this purpose; Federally- mandated reductions in staff and budgetary resources require Southwestern to evaluate all potentially efficient methods for vegetation control. Three alternatives were examined: no action, mechanical/manual control, and (proposed) a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control. Environmental impacts on air and water quality, wetlands, wildlife, endangered species, archaeological and other resources, farmland, human health, transportation, etc. were evaluated.

NONE

1995-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

379

Seminoe-Kortes transmission line/substation consolidation project, Carbon County, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

The existing switchyards at Western Area Power Administration's (WESTERN) Seminoe and Kortes facilities, located approximately 40 miles northeast of Rawlines, Carbon County, Wyoming, were constructed in 1939 and 1951, respectively. The circuit breakers at these facilities are beyond or approaching their service life and need to be replaced. In addition, the switchyards have poor access for maintenance and replacement of equipment, and their locations create potential for oil spills into the North Platte River. WESTERN is proposing to consolidate the switchyard facilities into one new substation to provide easier access, restore proper levels of system reliability, and decrease the potential for oil contamination of the river. This environmental assessment (EA) was prepared to evaluate the impacts of the proposed Seminoe-Kortes Consolidation Project. 57 refs., 12 figs., 8 tabs.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

ELECTRICITY DEMAND FORECAST COMPARISON REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ELECTRICITY DEMAND FORECAST COMPARISON REPORT STAFFREPORT June 2005 ..............................................................................3 Residential Forecast Comparison ..............................................................................................5 Nonresidential Forecast Comparisons

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Overview of Demand Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

08 PJM 08 PJM www.pjm.com ©2003 PJM Overview of Demand Response PJM ©2008 PJM www.pjm.com ©2003 PJM Growth, Statistics, and Current Footprint AEP, Dayton, ComEd, & DUQ Dominion Generating Units 1,200 + Generation Capacity 165,000 MW Peak Load 144,644 MW Transmission Miles 56,070 Area (Square Miles) 164,250 Members 500 + Population Served 51 Million Area Served 13 States and DC Generating Units 1,200 + Generation Capacity 165,000 MW Peak Load 144,644 MW Transmission Miles 56,070 Area (Square Miles) 164,250 Members 500 + Population Served 51 Million Area Served 13 States and DC Current PJM RTO Statistics Current PJM RTO Statistics PJM Mid-Atlantic Integrations completed as of May 1 st , 2005 ©2008 PJM

382

Eight percent cost penalty for world's first 765-kV SF/sub 6/ substation may be bargain  

SciTech Connect

A Lynchburg, Virginia 765 kV sulfur hexafluoride substation cost a premium of 8% over conventional substations in order to meet environmental requirements, but the first 18 months of operation required no maintenance costs and a design flexibility that meant less land and no landscaping was required. Some of the added front-end cost should be assigned to research and development for this prototype installation. A review of the siting and design specifications cites a number of environmental as well as economic advantages of low-profile, gas-insulated substations. 7 figures, 1 table. (DCK)

Laskowski, L.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Slide 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EESAT 2009 EESAT 2009 October 4-7 Seattle Ali Nourai American Electric Power Chairman, Electricity Storage Association Energy Storage Projects in AEP - A Migratory Trend - 2 * 5.2 Million customers * 11 States * 39,000 MW Generation * 38,953 miles Transmission * 212,781 miles Distribution * $45.2 billion Assets (2008) * $14.4 billion revenue (2008) * 20,861 Employees AEP Overview 3 Migratory Path of Utility Energy Storage - in AEP Large Central Units Storage at Grid Edge Substation Batteries Graphics adapted from an EPRI Presentation by Joe Hughes This Migration Trend is Driven by Popularity of Customer-Owned Distributed Generation and Customers' demand for higher service quality 4 AEP's View of Energy Storage Value 120/240 V 69 kV 4 to 34 kV 480 V 138 kV 345 kV 765 kV CES (Community) NAS (Substation)

384

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale This article first appeared in the Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement 1995, Energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0202(95) (Washington, DC, July 1995), pp. 33-42, 83-85. The regression results and historical data for production, inventories, and imports have been updated in this presentation. Contents * Introduction o Table 1. Oxygenate production capacity and demand * Oxygenate demand o Table 2. Estimated RFG demand share - mandated RFG areas, January 1998 * Fuel ethanol supply and demand balance o Table 3. Fuel ethanol annual statistics * MTBE supply and demand balance o Table 4. EIA MTBE annual statistics * Refinery balances

385

Simulation and prediction of thermal energy demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the development and exploitation of two mathematical models based on statistical methods and artificial neural networks for analyzing and predicting the thermal power of buildings connected to a substation supplied by a district heating ... Keywords: district heating systems, neural networks, prediction, regression analysis, thermal request

Florina Ungureanu; Daniela Popescu; Catalin Ungureanu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Demand Response Programs, 6. edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides a look at the past, present, and future state of the market for demand/load response based upon market price signals. It is intended to provide significant value to individuals and companies who are considering participating in demand response programs, energy providers and ISOs interested in offering demand response programs, and consultants and analysts looking for detailed information on demand response technology, applications, and participants. The report offers a look at the current Demand Response environment in the energy industry by: defining what demand response programs are; detailing the evolution of program types over the last 30 years; discussing the key drivers of current initiatives; identifying barriers and keys to success for the programs; discussing the argument against subsidization of demand response; describing the different types of programs that exist including:direct load control, interruptible load, curtailable load, time-of-use, real time pricing, and demand bidding/buyback; providing examples of the different types of programs; examining the enablers of demand response programs; and, providing a look at major demand response programs.

NONE

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 EMCS EPACT ERCOT FCM FERC FRCC demand side managementEnergy Regulatory Commission (FERC). EPAct began the processin wholesale markets, which FERC Order 888 furthered by

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

electricity demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to electricity. Included here are three electricity consumption and demand datasets, specifically: annual observed electricity consumption by sector (1974 to 2009); observed percentage of consumers by sector (2002 - 2009); and regional electricity demand, as a percentage of total demand (2009). Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated July 03rd, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords Electricity Consumption electricity demand energy use by sector New Zealand Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Electricity Consumption by Sector (1974 - 2009) (xls, 46.1 KiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Percentage of Consumers by Sector (2002 - 2009) (xls, 43.5 KiB)

389

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

390

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Commissioning Title Automated Demand Response and Commissioning Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-57384 Year of Publication 2005 Authors Piette, Mary...

391

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lvi Southern California Edison filed its SmartConnectinfrastructure (e.g. , Edison Electric Institute, DemandSouthern California Edison Standard Practice Manual

Heffner, Grayson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Demand Uncertainty and Price Dispersion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Demand uncertainty has been recognized as one factor that may cause price dispersion in perfectly competitive markets with costly and perishable capacity. With the persistence… (more)

Li, Suxi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

1995 Demand-Side Managment  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1995 January 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels

394

Holbrook Substation Superconductor Cable System, Long Island, New York Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The LIPA Superconductor project broke ground on July 4, 2006, was first energized on April 22, 2008 (Earth Day) and was commissioned on June 25, 2008. Since commissioning, up until early March, 2009, there were numerous refrigeration events that impacted steady state operations. This led to the review of the alarms that were being generated and a rewrite of the program logic in order to decrease the hypersensitivity surrounding these alarms. The high temperature superconductor (HTS) cable was energized on March 5, 2009 and ran uninterrupted until a human error during a refrigeration system switchover knocked the cable out of the grid in early February 2010. The HTS cable was in the grid uninterrupted from March 5, 2009 to February 4, 2010. Although there have been refrigeration events (propagated mainly by voltage sags/surges) during this period, the system was able to automatically switch over from the primary to the backup refrigeration system without issue as required during this period. On February 4, 2010, when switching from the backup over to the primary refrigeration system, two rather than one liquid nitrogen pumps were started inadvertently by a human error (communication) causing an overpressure in the cable cooling line. This in turn activated the pressure relief valve located in the grounding substation. The cable was automatically taken out of the grid without any damage to the components or system as a result of signals sent from the AMSC control cabinet to the LIPA substation. The cable was switched back into the grid again on March 16, 2010 without incident and has been operational since that time. Since switching from the backup to the primary is not an automatic process, a recent improvement was added to the refrigeration operating system to allow remote commands to return the system from backup to primary cooling. This improvement makes the switching procedure quicker since travel to the site to perform this operation is no longer necessary and safer since it is now a programmed procedure versus the former written procedure that was still subject to human variation in the process.

Maguire, James; McNamara, Joseph

2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

395

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy efficiency and demand response programs and tariffs.energy efficiency and demand response program and tariffenergy efficiency and demand response programs and tariffs.

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategies Linking Demand Response and Energy Efficiency,”Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities,technical support from the Demand Response Research Center (

Federspiel, Clifford

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT) The opportunities for demand reduction and cost saving with building demand responsive control vary tremendously with building type...

398

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 2.0 Demand ResponseFully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities,was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8.4 Demand Response Integration . . . . . . . . . . .for each day type for the demand response study - moderatefor each day type for the demand response study - moderate

Papavasiliou, Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Installation and Commissioning Automated Demand Response Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their partnership in demand response automation research andand Techniques for Demand Response. LBNL Report 59975. Mayof Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities.

Kiliccote, Sila; Global Energy Partners; Pacific Gas and Electric Company

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and D. Kathan (2009). Demand Response in U.S. ElectricityEnergy Financial Group. Demand Response Research Center [2008). Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering.

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Strategies for Demand Response in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities”of Fully Automated Demand Response in Large Facilities”,was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and

Watson, David S.; Kiliccote, Sila; Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table 1. “Economic” demand response and real time pricing (Implications of Demand Response Programs in CompetitiveAdvanced Metering, and Demand Response in Electricity

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8 Figure 7: Maximum Demands Savings Intensity due toaddressed in this report. Maximum Demand Savings Intensity (Echelon Figure 7: Maximum Demands Savings Intensity due to

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Algorithms and Methodologies for Integrated Substation Equipment Risk and Performance Assessment Tools for Asset Management and Smar t Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI has developed a suite of algorithms and methodologies designed to assess substation equipment performance and risk. These tools and the supporting databases have been enhanced to provide projections of future performance and risk. Utilizing these algorithms and tools, asset and maintenance managers can make better-informed decisions about current and future investments. This report lays out the rationale underlying the development of these tools and sets the foundation for their effective use by uti...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

407

Operation of a long-term transient monitoring system in a 138-KV and a 500-KV substation  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the operating performance of automatic transient monitoring laboratories designed to capture fault and transient data on power systems. Laboratories were installed in a 138-kV and a 500-kV substation and operated for more than 25,000 hours over a three-year period. Recorded during this period were 341 events consisting of lightning, switching, and fault transients. These results provide invaluable data on actual transients in power systems to aid power system equipment designers.

Perkins, M.D.; Mauser, S.F.; Mikell, D.C.; Nilsson, S.L.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Program on Technology Innovation: Application of a High Temperature Superconducting Fault Current Limiter at AEP's Sporn Substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the application of a Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SFCL) to address fault current over-duty problems in American Electric Power's 138kV Sporn Substation. EPRI is current developing SFCL technology targeted to address fault current over-duty problems at the transmission voltage level of 138kV and higher. The technology under development is termed the Matrix Fault Current Limiter (MFCL) due to the modular nature arrangements of its High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) eleme...

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

Algorithms, Key Performance Indicators and Models for Implementing Performance Focused Maintenance for Distribution Substation Equip ment: Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lincoln Electric System (LES) is an electric utility with a transformer fleet of approximately eighty transformers including intertie, substation, and generator transformers. The utility needs a quantitative condition-driven scanning methodology to manage and maintain their fleet's system reliability. Using this methodology, they will make better informed decisions regarding the maintenance and replacement strategies for their units. With this in mind, LES served as a pilot for developing a system that c...

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

410

Data:869e11bd-77f9-4b51-b470-f92d5f2d3b29 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Version 2 Sector: Industrial Description: Primary Service designates customers owning high voltage equipment and taking energy with a demand of 100 KW or more. Source or...

411

Development of 1200-kV compressed-gas-insulated transmission and substation equipment in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Major research and development (R and D) programs for the development of sulfur hexafluoride (SF/sub 6/) compressed-gas-insulated (CGI) equipment for ultrahighvoltage (uhv) application at 100-1200 kV have been under way independently in both the United States and Japan. The CGI transmission and substation equipment under study and development in these countries has included the surge arrester, circuit breaker, CGI transmission bus, disconnect and ground switches, and an air-SF/sub 6/ termination. The US CGI program has also included development of a power transformer, shunt reactor, voltage- and current-sensing instrumentation, and a line trap, all for 1200-kV application. This paper presents the overall status of development of CGI substation equipment for uhv application in the United States. It describes the major CGI components developed, highlights their key design aspects, indicates the present status of development and testing, and addresses the work remaining to establish final design consepts. The paper also includes 23 references, a number of which have not been widely distributed or included in any of the recently published bibliographies of uhv substation equipment.

Walldorf, S.P.; Gnadt, P.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Harnessing the power of demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand response can provide a series of economic services to the market and also provide ''insurance value'' under low-likelihood, but high-impact circumstances in which grid reliablity is enhanced. Here is how ISOs and RTOs are fostering demand response within wholesale electricity markets. (author)

Sheffrin, Anjali; Yoshimura, Henry; LaPlante, David; Neenan, Bernard

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

China, India demand cushions prices  

SciTech Connect

Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

Boyle, M.

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Demand Response for Ancillary Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many demand response resources are technically capable of providing ancillary services. In some cases, they can provide superior response to generators, as the curtailment of load is typically much faster than ramping thermal and hydropower plants. Analysis and quantification of demand response resources providing ancillary services is necessary to understand the resources economic value and impact on the power system. Methodologies used to study grid integration of variable generation can be adapted to the study of demand response. In the present work, we describe and illustrate a methodology to construct detailed temporal and spatial representations of the demand response resource and to examine how to incorporate those resources into power system models. In addition, the paper outlines ways to evaluate barriers to implementation. We demonstrate how the combination of these three analyses can be used to translate the technical potential for demand response providing ancillary services into a realizable potential.

Alkadi, Nasr E [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Title Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California...

416

Strategies for Demand Response in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the average and maximum peak demand savings. The electricity1: Average and Maximum Peak Electric Demand Savings during

Watson, David S.; Kiliccote, Sila; Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Demand and Price Volatility: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Joint Model of the Global Crude Oil Market and the U.S.Noureddine. 2002. World crude oil and natural gas: a demandelasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline. Results

Scott, K. Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Joint Model of the Global Crude Oil Market and the U.S.Noureddine. 2002. World crude oil and natural gas: a demandelasticity of demand for crude oil, not gasoline. Results

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model of the Global Crude Oil Market and the U.S. RetailNoureddine. 2002. World crude oil and natural gas: a demandanalysis of the demand for oil in the Middle East. Energy

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global gasoline and diesel price and income elasticities.shift in the short-run price elasticity of gasoline demand.Habits and Uncertain Relative Prices: Simulating Petrol Con-

Scott, K. Rebecca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acknowledgments SUMMARY Electricity Demand ElectricityAdverse Impacts ELECTRICITY DEMAND . . . .Demand forElectricity Sales Electricity Demand by Major Utility

Benenson, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Demand Response Research in Spain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Research in Spain Demand Response Research in Spain Speaker(s): Iñigo Cobelo Date: August 22, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette The Spanish power system is becoming increasingly difficult to operate. The peak load grows every year, and the permission to build new transmission and distribution infrastructures is difficult to obtain. In this scenario Demand Response can play an important role, and become a resource that could help network operators. The present deployment of demand response measures is small, but this situation however may change in the short term. The two main Spanish utilities and the transmission network operator are designing research projects in this field. All customer segments are targeted, and the research will lead to pilot installations and tests.

423

EIA - AEO2010 - Electricity Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand Electricity Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Electricity Demand Figure 69. U.S. electricity demand growth 1950-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 60. Average annual U.S. retail electricity prices in three cases, 1970-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 61. Electricity generation by fuel in three cases, 2008 and 2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 62. Electricity generation capacity additions by fuel type, 2008-2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 63. Levelized electricity costs for new power plants, 2020 and 2035 Click to enlarge » Figure source and data excel logo Figure 64. Electricity generating capacity at U.S. nuclear power plants in three cases, 2008, 2020, and 2035

424

Winter Demand Impacted by Weather  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: Heating oil demand is strongly influenced by weather. The "normal" numbers are the expected values for winter 2000-2001 used in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. The chart...

425

Demand for money in China .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research investigates the long-run equilibrium relationship between money demand and its determinants in China over the period 1952-2004 for three definitions of money –… (more)

Zhang, Qing

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

building demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

427

STEO December 2012 - coal demand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

coal demand seen below 1 billion tons in 2012 for fourth year in a row Coal consumption by U.S. power plants to generate electricity is expected to fall below 1 billion tons in...

428

Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Notes: Well, distillate fuel demand wasn't the reason that stocks increased in January 2001 and kept prices from going higher. As you will hear shortly, natural gas prices spiked...

429

Thermal Mass and Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Mass and Demand Response Speaker(s): Gregor Henze Phil C. Bomrad Date: November 2, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Janie Page The topic of...

430

Automated Demand Response and Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference on Building Commissioning: May 4-6, 2005 Motegi,National Conference on Building Commissioning: May 4-6, 2005Demand Response and Commissioning Mary Ann Piette, David S.

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Bourassa, Norman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Leslie Mancebo (7234) Transportation Demand &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leslie Mancebo (7234) Transportation Demand & Marketing Coordinator 1 FTE, 1 HC Administrative Vice Chancellor Transportation and Parking Services Clifford A. Contreras (0245) Director 30.10 FTE Alternative Transportation & Marketing Reconciliation Lourdes Lupercio (4723) Michelle McArdle (7512) Parking

Hammock, Bruce D.

432

A methodology for performance and compatibility evaluation of an all-digital substation protection system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A power system protection system consists, at least, of an instrument trans- former, a protective device (relay), and a circuit breaker. Conventional instrument transformers bring currents and voltages from power network levels to much lower scaled-down replicas that serve as input signals to protective relays. The relay's function is to measure input signals (or a relationship among them in some cases) and compare them to defined operating characteristic thresholds (relay settings) to quickly decide whether to operate associated circuit breaker(s). Existing protection systems within a substation are based on a hardwired interface between instrument transformers and protective relays. Recent development of electronic instrument transformers and the spread of digital relays allow the development of an all-digital protection system, in which the traditional analog interface has been replaced with a digital signal connected to digital relays through a digital communication link (process bus). Due to their design, conventional instrument transformers introduce distortions to the current and voltage signal replicas. These distortions may cause protective relays to misoperate. On the other hand, non-conventional instrument transformers promise distortion-free replicas, which, in turn, should translate into better relay performance. Replacing hardwired signals with a communication bus also reduces the significant cost associated with copper wiring. An all-digital system should provide compatibility and interoperability so that different electronic instrument transformers can be connected to different digital relays (under a multi-vendor connection) Since the novel all-digital system has never been implemented and/or tested in practice so far, its superior performance needs to be evaluated. This thesis proposes a methodology for performance and compatibility evaluation of an all-digital protection system through application testing. The approach defines the performance indices and compatibility indices as well as the evaluation methodology.

Portillo Urdaneta, Levi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Results of the Bonneville Power Administration weatherization and tightening projects at the Midway substation residential community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of a regional conservation program, the Bonneville Power Administration retrofitted 18 houses at its Midway substation in central Washington and monitored the results for a three year period. The 18 houses were divided into three groups, or cells. During the first year of the project, energy consumption was monitored but no changes were made to the houses. Prior to the second year of the project, Cell 2 received attic and crawlspace insulation, foundation sill caulking, and increased attic ventilation. Cell 3 received these retrofits plus storm windows and doors, and Cell 1 served as the control group. Before the beginning of the project's third year, each house in Cell 1 received 22 hours of infiltration reduction weatherization or house tightening. Each house in Cell 3 received 10 hours of this same type of weatherization. Cell 2 served as the control group for the house doctoring phase of the project. Energy consumption and weather data were monitored for the entire three year period. Before and after each set of retrofits, leakage area measurements were made using blower door fan pressurization, thereby allowing calculation of heating season infiltration rates. An energy use model correlating energy consumption with outside temperature was developed in order to determine improvements to the thermal conductance of the building envelope as a result of the retrofits. Energy savings were calculated based on the results of the energy use model and, as a check on these findings, the Computerized Instrumented Residential Analysis (CIRA) load calculation program developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory provided a theoretical estimate of the savings resulting from the retrofits.

Dickinson, J.B.; Grimsrud, D.T.; Krinkel, D.L.; Lipschutz, R.D.

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneeringdemonstration of how existing utility load-management assets can providean important electricity system reliability resource known as spinningreserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinningreserve will give grid operators at the California Independent SystemOperator (CAISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful, newtool to improve system reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lowersystem operating costs.

Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Torres, Carlos; Hirth,Scott; Yinger, Bob; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan; Bernier, Clark; Wright,Roger; Barat, A.; Watson, David S.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

National Action Plan on Demand Response  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Action Plan on Demand National Action Plan on Demand Action Plan on Demand National Action Plan on Demand Response Response Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group Federal Utilities Partnership Working Group November 18, 2008 November 18, 2008 Daniel Gore Daniel Gore Office of Energy Market Regulation Office of Energy Market Regulation Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The author's views do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Presentation Contents Presentation Contents Statutory Requirements Statutory Requirements National Assessment [Study] of Demand Response National Assessment [Study] of Demand Response National Action Plan on Demand Response National Action Plan on Demand Response General Discussion on Demand Response and Energy Outlook

436

Alert State Detection and Switching Order Generation at a 400/120 kV Substation using Knowledge Server  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the operator level a new, PC-based SCADA system was introduced at the electrical substation of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant. An AI-based, intelligent advisory system was developed and connected to the SCADA system as knowledge server. The paper describes some of the advisory functions and their realizations in rules and procedures. Besides increasing reliability and safety of energy supply the basic goal of the system is to assist the operator in faster and more effective reactions, and to assist the plant engineer to better understand and evaluate any possible events.

Nacsa Kovcs Nacsa

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar controllable shunting reactor in the Tavricheskaya substation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of systems tests of the 500 kV busbar magnetization-controllable shunting reactor (CSR), set up in the Tavricheskaya substation, including measurements of the quality of the electric power, the harmonic composition of the network currents of the reactor for different values of the reactive power consumed, the determination of the regulating characteristics of the reactor, the speed of response of the shunting reactor in the current and voltage stabilization modes, and also the operation of the reactor under dynamic conditions for different perturbations, are presented. The results obtained are analyzed.

Gusev, S. I. [JSC 'FSK EES' (Russian Federation); Karpov, V. N.; Kiselev, A. N.; Kochkin, V. I. [Scientific-Research Institute of Electric Power Engineering (VNIIE) - Branch of the JSC 'NTTs Elektroenergetiki', (Russian Federation)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Demand Response and Open Automated Demand Response Opportunities for Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standardized Automated Demand Response Signals. Presented atand Automated Demand Response in Industrial RefrigeratedActions for Industrial Demand Response in California. LBNL-

Mares, K.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Open Automated Demand Response Communications in Demand Response for Wholesale Ancillary Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Barat, D. Watson. 2006 Demand Response Spinning ReserveKueck, and B. Kirby 2008. Demand Response Spinning ReserveReport 2009. Open Automated Demand Response Communications

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Successful demand-side management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is a brief summary of a series of case studies of five publicly-owned utilities that are noted for their success with demand-side management. These utilities are: (1) city of Austin, Texas, (2) Burlington Electric Department in Vermont, (3) Sacramento Municipal Utility District in California, (4) Seattle City Light, and (5) Waverly Light and Power in Iowa. From these case studies, the authors identified a number of traits associated with a successful demand-side management program. These traits are: (1) high rates, (2) economic factors, (3) environmental awareness, (4) state emphasis on integrated resource planning/demand side management, (5) local political support, (6) large-sized utilities, and (7) presence of a champion.

Hadley, S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (United States); Flanigan, T. [Results Center, Aspen, CO (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Definition: Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system or part of a system, generally expressed in kilowatts or megawatts, at a given instant or averaged over any designated interval of time., The rate at which energy is being used by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Demand&oldid=480555"

442

Winter Demand Impacted by Weather  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: Heating oil demand is strongly influenced by weather. The "normal" numbers are the expected values for winter 2000-2001 used in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. The chart indicates the extent to which the last winter exhibited below-normal heating degree-days (and thus below-normal heating demand). Temperatures were consistently warmer than normal throughout the 1999-2000 heating season. This was particularly true in November 1999, February 2001 and March 2001. For the heating season as a whole (October through March), the 1999-2000 winter yielded total HDDs 10.7% below normal. Normal temperatures this coming winter would, then, be expected to bring about 11% higher heating demand than we saw last year. Relative to normal, the 1999-2000 heating season was the warmest in

443

Turkey's energy demand and supply  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present article is to investigate Turkey's energy demand and the contribution of domestic energy sources to energy consumption. Turkey, the 17th largest economy in the world, is an emerging country with a buoyant economy challenged by a growing demand for energy. Turkey's energy consumption has grown and will continue to grow along with its economy. Turkey's energy consumption is high, but its domestic primary energy sources are oil and natural gas reserves and their production is low. Total primary energy production met about 27% of the total primary energy demand in 2005. Oil has the biggest share in total primary energy consumption. Lignite has the biggest share in Turkey's primary energy production at 45%. Domestic production should be to be nearly doubled by 2010, mainly in coal (lignite), which, at present, accounts for almost half of the total energy production. The hydropower should also increase two-fold over the same period.

Balat, M. [Sila Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal year 1976 Proposed Program : Facility Location Evaluation for Lake Isabella Service (Kamilche Substation) Study Area 75-12.  

SciTech Connect

The statement describes the environmental impacts resulting from the construction of a new substation near Shelton, Washington. Land requirements for the new substation would be approximately 1.5 acres and, depending on the final site location chosen, an access road ranging from 200 to 3000 feet would also be required. Alternative sites 1 and 3 would be located on existing right-of-way and would remove 1.5 acres from other potential uses; alternate sites 2 and 4 would remove 1/4 acre of private timberland from production and 1 acre of existing right-of-way from other potential uses. Disturbance to wildlife during construction and loss of habitat associated with the above land requirements will occur. Grading for the substation site and access road will result in increased erosion and potential sedimentation in local streams may occur. Noise impacts will occur during construction.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1974-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

Draft Supplement to the Environmental Statement Fiscal Year 1976 Proposed Program : Facility Location Evaluation for Pleasant Prairie Service (Bigelow Substation) Study Area 75-8.  

SciTech Connect

The proposed plan of service consists of the construction of a new substation near Millwood, Washington. Land requirements for the new substation would be approximately 3 to 5 acres of land depending on the final site location chosen, and approximately 100 to 500 feet of access road would also be needed. The above requirements would remove 3 to 5 acres of land from agricultural production. Disturbance to wildlife during construction would occur and habitat associated with the above agricultural land would be eliminated. Grading requirements for the substation site and access road would result in slight erosion and sedimentation for alternate site 1 and high levels of erosion for alternate site 2. The proposed facility would be visible from a local road and several residences. Noise and other disturbances to residents will occur during construction.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1974-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

446

Synchrophasor Measurement Using Substation Intelligent Electronic Devices: Algorithms and Test Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation studies the performance of synchrophasor measurement obtained using substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and proposes new algorithms and test methodology to improve and verify their performance when used in power system applications. To improve the dynamic performance when exposed to sinusoidal waveform distortions, such as modulation, frequency drift, abrupt change in magnitude, etc, an adaptive approach for accurately estimating phasors while eliminating the effect of various transient disturbances on voltages and currents is proposed. The algorithm pre-analyzes the waveform spanning the window of observation to identify and localize the discontinuities which affect the accuracy of phasor computation. A quadratic polynomial signal model is used to improve the accuracy of phasor estimates during power oscillations. Extensive experimental results demonstrate the advantages. This algorithm can also be used as reference algorithm for testing the performance of the devices extracting synchronized phasor measurements. A novel approach for estimating the phasor parameters, namely frequency, magnitude and angle in real time based on a newly constructed recursive wavelet transform is developed. This algorithm is capable of estimating the phasor parameters in a quarter cycle of an input signal. It features fast response and achieves high accuracy over a wide range of frequency deviations. The signal sampling rate and data window size can be selected to meet desirable application requirements, such as fast response, high accuracy and low computational burden. In addition, an approach for eliminating a decaying DC component, which has significant impact on estimating phasors, is proposed using recursive wavelet transform. This dissertation develops test methodology and tools for evaluating the conformance to standard-define performance for synchrophasor measurements. An interleaving technique applied on output phasors can equivalently increase the reporting rate and can precisely depict the transient behavior of a synchrophasor unit under the step input. A reference phasor estimator is developed and implemented. Various types of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) and PMU-enabled IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices) and time synchronization options have been tested against the standards using the proposed algorithm. Test results demonstrate the effectiveness and advantages.

Ren, Jinfeng

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential electricity consumption, the flattening of the demand curves (except Maximum demand) reflects decreasing population growth ratesresidential electricity demand are described in Table 11. For simplicity, end use-specific UEC and saturation rates

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

percent of 2008 summer peak demand (FERC, 2008). Moreover,138,000 MW (14 percent of peak demand) by 2019 (FERC, 2009).non-coincident summer peak demand by 157 GW” by 2030, or 14–

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential ofneed to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demandcustomers and a system peak demand of over 43,000 MW. SPP’s

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with total Statewide peak demand and on peak days isto examine the electric peak demand related to lighting inDaily) - TOU Savings - Peak Demand Charges - Grid Peak -Low

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Tankless Demand Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Water Heaters Tankless Demand Water Heaters August 19, 2013 - 2:57pm Addthis Illustration of an electric demand water heater. At the top of the image, the heating unit is...

452

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20122022 FINAL FORECAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20122022 FINAL FORECAST Volume 2: Electricity Demand.Oglesby Executive Director #12;i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The demand forecast is the combined product to the contributing authors listed previously, Mohsen Abrishami prepared the commercial sector forecast. Mehrzad

453

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20142024 FINAL FORECAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20142024 FINAL FORECAST Volume 2: Electricity Demand The demand forecast is the combined product of the hard work and expertise of numerous California Energy previously, Mohsen Abrishami prepared the commercial sector forecast. Mehrzad Soltani Nia helped prepare

454

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20142024 REVISED FORECAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 20142024 REVISED FORECAST Volume 2: Electricity Demand Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director #12;i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The demand forecast is the combined prepared the commercial sector forecast. Mehrzad Soltani Nia helped prepare the industrial forecast

455

EIA projections of coal supply and demand  

SciTech Connect

Contents of this report include: EIA projections of coal supply and demand which covers forecasted coal supply and transportation, forecasted coal demand by consuming sector, and forecasted coal demand by the electric utility sector; and policy discussion.

Klein, D.E.

1989-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

456

Load Forecasting on Special Days & Holidays in Power Distribution Substation Using Neural & Fuzzy Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demand for neural and fuzzy network techniques to predict the increasing load and its application has changed to an ordinary action. However the facts of the real world caused special and exceptional conditions to be created in this network. Like ... Keywords: Power system, Load forecasting, neural & fuzzy network, Short-term prediction of load.

Saeid Nahi

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric Utility Demand-Side Management 1997 Executive Summary Background Demand-side management (DSM) programs consist of the planning, implementing, and monitoring ...

458

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory Commission (FERC) 2006. “Assessment of DemandRegulatory Commission (FERC) 2007. “Assessment of DemandRegulatory Commission (FERC) 2008a. “Wholesale Competition

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Electricity Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data Rate of Electricity Demand Growth Slows, Following the Historical Trend Electricity demand fluctuates in the short term in response to business cycles, weather conditions,...

460

Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource Title Demand Response as a System Reliability Resource Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Eto, Joseph H.,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Home Network Technologies and Automating Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electricity generation capacity to meet unrestrained future demand. To address peak electricity use Demand Response (DR) systems are being proposed to motivate reductions in...

462

Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Long-term Energy Efficiency Strategic Plan. B-2 Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response> B-4 Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response

Goldman, Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Installation and Commissioning Automated Demand Response Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al: Installation and Commissioning Automated Demand ResponseConference on Building Commissioning: April 22 – 24, 2008al: Installation and Commissioning Automated Demand Response

Kiliccote, Sila; Global Energy Partners; Pacific Gas and Electric Company

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Equity Capital Flows and Demand for REITs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the shape of the market demand curve for ... Our results do not support a downward demand curve for ... Charleston, IL 61920, USA e-mail: ...

465

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oakland CA, December. PJM Demand Side Response WorkingPrice Response Program a PJM Economic Load Response ProgramLoad Response Statistics PJM Demand Response Working Group

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29 5.6. Peak and hourly demand43 6.6. Peak and seasonal demandthe average percent of peak demand) significantly impact the

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Water demand management in Kuwait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Demand-Side Management Glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, demand-side management (DSM) programs have grown in significance within the U.S. electric power industry. Such rapid growth has resulted in new terms, standards, and vocabulary used by DSM professionals. This report is a first attempt to provide a consistent set of definitions for the expanding DSM terminology.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Data:A5b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 b2284c-bb1a-4075-8aa3-7fb21d137e67 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cedarburg Light & Water Comm Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Power - Regular Rate - between 50kW and 200kW Demand Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Customers on this or the optional time-of-day rate who own and maintain their own transformer will receive the following discount: Transformer Ownership Discount: Customers who own and maintain their own transformers or substations shall be given a credit of $0.25 per kW of distribution demand. Customer-owned substation equipment shall be operated and maintained by the customer. Support and substation equipment is subject to utility inspection and approval.

470

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Massimo www.cepe.ethz.ch #12;US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier Approach Page 1 of 25 US Residential Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency: A Stochastic Demand Frontier

471

Demand Dispatch — Intelligent Demand for a More Efficient Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed therein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Demand Dispatch: Intelligent Demand for a More Efficient Grid

Keith Dodrill

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

The alchemy of demand response: turning demand into supply  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paying customers to refrain from purchasing products they want seems to run counter to the normal operation of markets. Demand response should be interpreted not as a supply-side resource but as a secondary market that attempts to correct the misallocation of electricity among electric users caused by regulated average rate tariffs. In a world with costless metering, the DR solution results in inefficiency as measured by deadweight losses. (author)

Rochlin, Cliff

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Q:\asufinal_0107_demand.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

00 00 (AEO2000) Assumptions to the January 2000 With Projections to 2020 DOE/EIA-0554(2000) Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Macroeconomic Activity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 International Energy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Household Expenditures Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Residential Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Commercial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Industrial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Transportation Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Electricity Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Oil and Gas Supply Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution

474

Energy Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Demand Energy Demand Jump to: navigation, search Click to return to AEO2011 page AEO2011 Data Figure 55 From AEO2011 report . Market Trends Growth in energy use is linked to population growth through increases in housing, commercial floorspace, transportation, and goods and services. These changes affect not only the level of energy use, but also the mix of fuels used. Energy consumption per capita declined from 337 million Btu in 2007 to 308 million Btu in 2009, the lowest level since 1967. In the AEO2011 Reference case, energy use per capita increases slightly through 2013, as the economy recovers from the 2008-2009 economic downturn. After 2013, energy use per capita declines by 0.3 percent per year on average, to 293 million Btu in 2035, as higher efficiency standards for vehicles and

475

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Predictive Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on AddThis.com...

476

Demand Response and Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For several decades, power companies have deployed various types of demand response (DR), such as interruptible contracts, and there is substantial ongoing research and development on sophisticated mechanisms for triggering DR. In this white paper, EPRI discusses the increasing use of electricity DR in the power industry and how this will affect the practice of energy risk management. This paper outlines 1) characteristics of a common approach to energy risk management, 2) the variety of types of DR impl...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

477

Demand reduction analysis for Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Aberdeen, Maryland. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the project are to research, identify, evaluate, and define energy saving projects that meet the Army`s criteria and lead to energy savings at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Aberdeen campus, with respect to electrical demand reduction. Details of the authorization and objectives of this report, which delineates our contractual arrangement with the government, may be found in Section 8.11. Synopsis of Findings Entech Engineering, Inc. metered the Post at the substation level to provide some definition to the $7,000,000 annual electric cost consumed by the 19,500 people who occupy over 1,700 buildings and 13 million square feet on Post Overall, Entech considered means of reducing the demand portion of the electrical cost estimated at over $2,900,000 per year. A total of fourteen (14) Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs) were developed and evaluated. ECOs describe the means to reduce energy consumption and operating cost. Of the fourteen (14) ECOs, six (6) have been developed as economically feasible. The remaining eight (8) investigated did not prove to be economically attractive. Table 1.2.1 on the following page displays a summary of all ECOs investigated, prioritized by SIR.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Demand Trading: Measurement, Verification, and Settlement (MVS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With this report, EPRI's trilogy of publications on demand trading is complete. The first report (1006015), the "Demand Trading Toolkit," documented how to conduct demand trading based on price. The second report (1001635), "Demand Trading: Building Liquidity," focused on the problem of liquidity in the energy industry and developed the Demand Response Resource Bank concept for governing electricity markets based on reliability. The present report focuses on the emerging price/risk partnerships in electr...

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

479

Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEMAND . . . .Demand for Electricity and Power PeakDemand . . • . . ELECTRICITY REQUIREMENTS FOR AGRICULTUREResults . . Coriclusions ELECTRICITY SUPPLY Hydroelectric

Benenson, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Automated Demand Response Opportunities in Wastewater Treatment Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure,study of automated demand response in wastewater treatmentopportunities for demand response control strategies in

Thompson, Lisa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "demand customer-owned substation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Opportunities, Barriers and Actions for Industrial Demand Response in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Techniques for Demand Response, report for theand Reliability Demand Response Programs: Final Report.Demand Response

McKane, Aimee T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Northwest Open Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report 2009. Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsand Techniques for Demand Response. California Energyand S. Kiliccote. Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts:

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Northwest Open Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14 Peak Demand Baselinewinter morning electric peak demand in commercial buildings.California to reduce peak demand during summer afternoons,

Kiliccote, Sila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Demand Response Quick...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool Back to Tool Demand response quick assessment tool screenshot Demand response quick assessment tool screenshot Demand response quick...

485

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the amount of electricity demand that is settled forward.unresponsive demand side, electricity demand has to be metxed percentage of overall electricity demand. The ISO, thus,

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Braun (Purdue). 2004. Peak demand reduction from pre-coolingthe average and maximum peak demand savings. The electricityuse charges, demand ratchets, peak demand charges, and other

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Modulation and SSR tests performed on the BPA 500 kV thyristor controlled series capacitor unit at Slatt substation  

SciTech Connect

Field experience is reported for a thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) recently commissioned at BPA`s Slatt substation. Subsynchronous resonance tests show that TCSC interactions with shaft dynamics of PGE`s Boardman steam generator are well understood and are effectively avoided by normal TCSC valve firing logic. Modulation tests, performed with the Boardman plant off line, show that the TCSC can be a powerful and responsive actuator for swing damping. Security considerations did not permit lightly damped operation of the controlled plant. Close analysis indicates that the TCSC damping contribution, though small, was measurable. The best estimate is that damping for the McNary mode is 7.33% and 8.55%, for the TCSC damper loop open and closed respectively. TCSC testing and monitoring is facilitated by an advanced interactive measurement network representing BPA`s approach to the information requirements of major control systems.

Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Mittelstadt, W.A. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Piwko, R.J. [General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (United States); Damsky, B.L. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Eden, J.D. [Portland General Electric, OR (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration. [Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

1992-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

489

The value of distributed generation: The PVUSA grid-support project serving Kerman Substation. Interim report, April 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A common practice of electric utilities experiencing transmission and distribution (T and D) system overloads is to expand the substation, add lines, or upgrade equipment, all of which are capital intensive options. In 1988, it was hypothesized that strategically sited photovoltaics (PV) could benefit parts of T and D systems near or at overloaded conditions. An evaluation methodology was developed and applied to a test case (Kerman Substation near Fresno, California). Analytical results suggested that the value of PV to the T and D system could substantially exceed its energy and generation capacity value. The importance of this finding indicated the need for empirical validation. This led to the construction of a 0.5 MW PV demonstration plant by Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) at Kerman, California as part of the PVUSA (PV for Utility Scale Applications) project. PVUSA is a national public-private partnership that is assessing and demonstrating the viability of utility-scale photovoltaic electric generation systems. The Kerman PV plant, commissioned for commercial operation in June, 1993, is reported to be the first grid-support PV demonstration plant in the world. This Interim Report focuses on validating the technical aspects of grid-support PV. It provides interim validation results for four of the eight identified value components that stack up to make the ``value bar``, and compares them to 1992 Case Study estimates. Results are based on improved technical evaluation methodologies, measured plant performance under a variety of conditions, and long-term plant performance estimated using a validated computer simulation program. This report is not intended to be exhaustive in scope. It does, however, provide a thorough progress update of the validation project. Complete documentation of test procedures, data, and evaluation methods will be presented in the Final Report.

Hoff, T.; Wenger, H. [Pacific Energy Group (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While there is general agreement that demand response (DR) is a valued component in a utility resource plan, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to value DR. Establishing the value of DR is a prerequisite to determining how much and what types of DR should be implemented, to which customers DR should be targeted, and a key determinant that drives the development of economically viable DR consumer technology. Most approaches for quantifying the value of DR focus on changes in utility system revenue requirements based on resource plans with and without DR. This ''utility centric'' approach does not assign any value to DR impacts that lower energy and capacity prices, improve reliability, lower system and network operating costs, produce better air quality, and provide improved customer choice and control. Proper valuation of these benefits requires a different basis for monetization. The review concludes that no single methodology today adequately captures the wide range of benefits and value potentially attributed to DR. To provide a more comprehensive valuation approach, current methods such as the Standard Practice Method (SPM) will most likely have to be supplemented with one or more alternative benefit-valuation approaches. This report provides an updated perspective on the DR valuation framework. It includes an introduction and four chapters that address the key elements of demand response valuation, a comprehensive literature review, and specific research recommendations.

Heffner, Grayson

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

Spahn, Andrew

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

492

Definition: Peak Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peak Demand Peak Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Peak Demand The highest hourly integrated Net Energy For Load within a Balancing Authority Area occurring within a given period (e.g., day, month, season, or year)., The highest instantaneous demand within the Balancing Authority Area.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Related Terms Balancing Authority Area, energy, demand, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from

493

Distillate Demand Strong in December 1999  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5% higher than in the prior year, due mainly to diesel demand growth, since warm weather kept heating oil demand from growing much. Last December, when stocks dropped below...

494

Solar in Demand | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Demand Solar in Demand June 15, 2012 - 10:23am Addthis Kyle Travis, left and Jon Jackson, with Lighthouse Solar, install microcrystalline PV modules on top of Kevin Donovan's...

495

Demand Response - Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

over the last 11 years when interest in demand response increased. Demand response is an electricity tariff or program established to motivate changes in electric use by end-use...

496

Energy Basics: Tankless Demand Water Heaters  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

only as needed and without the use of a storage tank. They don't produce the standby energy losses associated with storage water heaters. How Demand Water Heaters Work Demand...

497

Propane Demand by Sector - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In order to understand markets you also have to look at supply and demand. First, demand or who uses propane. For the most part, the major components of propane ...

498

Travel Behavior and Demand Analysis and Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Demand Analysis and Prediction Konstadinos G. Goulias University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Goulias, Konstadinos G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Forecasting the demand for commercial telecommunications satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the key elements of a forecast methodology for predicting demand for commercial satellite services and the resulting demand for satellite hardware and launches. The paper discusses the characterization of satellite services into more than a dozen applications (including emerging satellite Internet applications) used by Futron Corporation in its forecasts. The paper discusses the relationship between demand for satellite services and demand for satellite hardware

Carissa Bryce Christensen; Carie A. Mullins; Linda A. Williams

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Forecasting demand of commodities after natural disasters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand forecasting after natural disasters is especially important in emergency management. However, since the time series of commodities demand after natural disasters usually has a great deal of nonlinearity and irregularity, it has poor prediction ... Keywords: ARIMA, Demand forecasting, EMD, Emergency management, Natural disaster

Xiaoyan Xu; Yuqing Qi; Zhongsheng Hua

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z