National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for dem shaded relief

  1. Automatic Adjustment of Image Sharpness in Relief Shading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Automatic Adjustment of Image Sharpness in Relief Shading Author: Marianna Serebryakova mserebry for analytical (i.e., automatic) relief shading methods. This Master thesis aims at the creation of a new method to perform automatic contrast adjustment in analytical relief shading. This is one of the core tasks of Swiss

  2. Characterizing Shading Losses on Partially Shaded PV Systems (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, C.

    2010-09-23

    Presentation on shaded PV power loss, practical issues with modeling shaded PV, and methods of implementing partially shaded PV modeling.

  3. Efficient yet Accurate Models for Photovoltaic Modules with Shading Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Tianheng

    2014-01-01

    Jiang, “Partial shading modeling of photovoltaic system withModels for Photovoltaic Modules with Shading Effects AModels for Photovoltaic Modules with Shading Effects by

  4. Integrating automated shading and smart glazings with daylight controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen; Lee, Eleanor

    2004-01-01

    Automated Shading and Smart Glazings with Daylight Controlsdaylighting, controls, smart glazing, shading, fielddeveloping switchable “smart glazings” for over a decade and

  5. Hydrogen gas relief valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whittlesey, Curtis C. (Birmingham, MI)

    1985-01-01

    An improved battery stack design for an electrochemical system having at least one cell from which a gas is generated and an electrolyte in communication with the cell is described. The improved battery stack design features means for defining a substantially closed compartment for containing the battery cells and at least a portion of the electrolyte for the system, and means in association with the compartment means for selectively venting gas from the interior of the compartment means in response to the level of the electrolyte within the compartment means. The venting means includes a relief valve having a float member which is actuated in response to the level of the electrolyte within the compartment means. This float member is adapted to close the relief valve when the level of the electrolyte is above a predetermined level and open the relief valve when the level of electrolyte is below this predetermined level.

  6. Measured Impacts of Air Conditioner Condenser Shading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, D. S.; Barkaszi, S. F.; Sonne, J. K.

    1996-01-01

    A study has been conducted by the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) to examine if space cooling energy savings can be achieved from shading of residential air conditioning (AC) condenser units. The investigation consisted of before...

  7. much the shading will affect the system performance and develop designs to minimize the affects of shading.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    of the system during the day is shown to illustrate the ABSTRACT Shading of photovoltaic (PV) panels canmuch the shading will affect the system performance and develop designs to minimize the affects of shading. Sun path charts have been developed that show the degree to which shading affects system

  8. Fluid relief and check valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blaedel, K.L.; Lord, S.C.; Murray, I.

    1986-07-17

    A passive fluid pressure relief and check valve allows the relief pressure to be slaved to a reference pressure independently of the exhaust pressure. The pressure relief valve is embodied by a submerged vent line in a sealing fluid, the relief pressure being a function of the submerged depth. A check valve is embodied by a vertical column of fluid (the maximum back pressure being a function of the height of the column of fluid). The pressure is vented into an exhaust system which keeps the exhaust out of the area providing the reference pressure.

  9. Einfuhrung Softwareentwicklungspraktikum "Python mit dem Raspberry Pi"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einf¨uhrung Softwareentwicklungspraktikum "Python mit dem Raspberry Pi" (WiSe 2015/2016) Clemens Hauptprojekt 4 Zeitplan 5 Raspberry Pi 6 Python 2 / 16 #12;Organisation 1/4 Lernziele Programmieren-Vortr¨age zu Hauptprojekt 03.02.2016: Hauptprojekt Abnahme 11 / 16 #12;Raspberry Pi Offene Plattform

  10. REGENSBURG. Unter dem Motto ,,Ist Geiz geil?" diskutierten gestern rund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Geld in der bibli- schen Wahrnehmung eine extrem ne- gative Rolle gehabt habe. Mit dem Auf- stieg des

  11. ,,Als nach dem Krieg unsere Wirtschaft in schwerster Weise unter der allgemeinen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Windrad die gesamte Energie aus dem Wind zu gewinnen, dann hätte die Luft hinter dem Rotor die Geschwindig

  12. Efficient yet Accurate Models for Photovoltaic Modules with Shading Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Tianheng

    2014-01-01

    modeling of wind and solar farms in colorado,” Renewablea series-parallel array of solar cells,” Greenbelt, MD, [4]He, Chair Mismatches between solar cells, such as shading

  13. Highly Insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Smart Window with integrated sensors, control logic and a motorized shade between glass panes. Image: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 of 3 Residential Smart Window...

  14. Landscaping for Shade | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate studentScienceLaboratory program LabsDesign »for Shade

  15. An hourly-based performance comparison of an integrated micro-structural perforated shading screen with standard shading systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    energy consumption is strongly influenced by the solar gainsSolar shading is an effective strategy to reduce overheating and diffuse direct sunlight thus reducing energy consumption [

  16. SHADING CALCULATIONS FOR THE BIG DISH Jeff Cumpston1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], building the 'SG4' 500m2 Big Dish solar paraboloidal concentrator for solar-thermal to electric energy shading fraction in an array of two-axis tracking collectors. Annual shading on the SG4 dish included transport network, these losses may be reduced by closely spacing collectors within the array. Another form

  17. Photovoltaic Shading Testbed for Module-Level Power Electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, C.; Meydbray, J.; Donovan, M.; Forrest, J.

    2012-05-01

    This document describes a repeatable test procedure that attempts to simulate shading situations, as would be experienced by typical residential rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems. This type of shading test is particularly useful to evaluate the impact of different power conversion setups, including microinverters, DC power optimizers and string inverters, on overall system performance. The performance results are weighted based on annual estimates of shade to predict annual performance improvement. A trial run of the test procedure was conducted with a side by side comparison of a string inverter with a microinverter, both operating on identical 8kW solar arrays. Considering three different shade weighting conditions, the microinverter was found to increase production by 3.7% under light shading, 7.8% under moderate shading, and 12.3% under heavy shading, relative to the reference string inverter case. Detail is provided in this document to allow duplication of the test method at different test installations and for different power electronics devices.

  18. Laser Makes New Shade of Ultraviolet (COSMIC Log on MSNBC.com...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cosmiclog.nbcnews.comnews201012285725603-laser-makes-new-shade-of-ultraviolet Submitted: Wednesday, December 29...

  19. Energy Savings Resulting from Shading Devices on Single-Family Residences in Austin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pletzer, R. K.; Jones, J. W.; Hunn, B. D.

    1987-01-01

    Potential annual energy savings resulting from window shading devices on three prototypical Austin, Texas, single-family residences were computed in this study. Savings were calculated for interior (shades, blinds, draperies, window film, and tinted...

  20. Relief: A Scalable Actuated Shape Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leithinger, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Relief is an actuated tabletop display, which is able to render and animate three-dimensional shapes with a malleable surface. It allows users to experience and form digital models like geographical terrain in an intuitive ...

  1. Statistical representation of mountain shading Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 10451050 (2004) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2004-01-01

    self-shaded or shaded by remote topography as functions of solar elevation and time of day. These expressions are in good agreement with results from a terrain shading model. Keywords: solar radiation, topography, surface energy balance, statistical parameterisation Introduction Solar radiation is a major

  2. Aalborg Universitet On the Impact of Partial Shading on PV Output Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sera, Dezso

    Aalborg Universitet On the Impact of Partial Shading on PV Output Power Sera, Dezso; Baghzouz version (APA): Sera, D., & Baghzouz, Y. (2008). On the Impact of Partial Shading on PV Output Power from vbn.aau.dk on: juli 06, 2015 #12;On the Impact of Partial Shading on PV Output Power DEZSO SERA

  3. An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1 Bruno Feij´o1 Luiz Velho2 1 PUC-based shading pipeline to give a 3D ap- pearance to a 2D character by inspecting the hand-drawn image directly interven- tion. The resulting shading pipeline can be easily applied to photorealistic and non

  4. A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA 1 , LUIZ VELHO 2 , BRUNO FEIJÓ 1 1 Pura e Aplicada Figure 1: Pipeline - [D] Digitization; [T] Skeletonization; [C] Curve Extraction; [N is unknown, and the position information lacks depth. This work describes a pipeline to process 2D images

  5. TSUNAMI INUNDATION MAPPING FOR OCEAN CITY, MD NGDC DEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    TSUNAMI INUNDATION MAPPING FOR OCEAN CITY, MD NGDC DEM BY BABAK TEHRANIRAD, SAEIDEH BANIHASHEMI BY THE NATIONAL TSUNAMI HAZARD MITIGATION PROGRAM NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRANT NA10NWS4670010 CENTER FOR APPLIED COASTAL RESEARCH Ocean Engineering Laboratory University of Delaware Newark, Delaware 19716 #12;Tsunami

  6. Recommendations on frequently encountered relief requests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, R.S.; Ransom, C.B.

    1992-09-01

    This paper is based on the review of a large database of requests for relief from enservice testing (1ST) requirements for pumps and valves. From the review, the paper identifies areas where enhancements to either the relief request process or the applicable test codes can improve IST of pumps and valves. Certain types of requests occur frequently. The paper examines some frequent requests and considers possible changes to the requirements to determine if the frequent requests can be eliminated. Recommended changes and their bases will be discussed. IST of safety-related pumps and valves at commercial nuclear power plants is done according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the Code), Section XI. Because of the design and function of some safety systems in nuclear plants, performing Code testing of certain pumps and valves is impractical or a hardship without a compensating increase in the level of safety. Deviations from the Code are allowed by law, as reviewed and approved by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), through the relief request process. Because of similarities in plant design and system function, many problems encountered in testing components are similar from plant to plant. Likewise, there are often common problems associated with test methods or equipment. Therefore, many relief requests received by the NRC from various plants are similar. Identifying and addressing the root causes for these common requests will greatly improve IST.

  7. Recommendations on frequently encountered relief requests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, R.S.; Ransom, C.B.

    1992-01-01

    This paper is based on the review of a large database of requests for relief from enservice testing (1ST) requirements for pumps and valves. From the review, the paper identifies areas where enhancements to either the relief request process or the applicable test codes can improve IST of pumps and valves. Certain types of requests occur frequently. The paper examines some frequent requests and considers possible changes to the requirements to determine if the frequent requests can be eliminated. Recommended changes and their bases will be discussed. IST of safety-related pumps and valves at commercial nuclear power plants is done according to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (the Code), Section XI. Because of the design and function of some safety systems in nuclear plants, performing Code testing of certain pumps and valves is impractical or a hardship without a compensating increase in the level of safety. Deviations from the Code are allowed by law, as reviewed and approved by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), through the relief request process. Because of similarities in plant design and system function, many problems encountered in testing components are similar from plant to plant. Likewise, there are often common problems associated with test methods or equipment. Therefore, many relief requests received by the NRC from various plants are similar. Identifying and addressing the root causes for these common requests will greatly improve IST.

  8. Inside this issue: Hurricane relief 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    Inside this issue: Move in 1 Hurricane relief 2 Farmer's Market and CSA update 3 Energy campaign! Jonny Bones and Jeremy give it their all. #12;Page 2 Sustainability Bulletin Hurricane Devastates Area Families and Farms Hurricane Irene created havoc all along the Eastern coastline. Some of the more severe

  9. Partial Shade Evaluation of Distributed Power Electronics for Photovoltaic Systems: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, C.; Meydbrav, J.; Donovan, M.

    2012-06-01

    Site survey data for several residential installations are provided, showing the extent and frequency of shade throughout the year. This background information is used to design a representative shading test that is conducted on two side-by-side 8-kW photovoltaic (PV) installations. One system is equipped with a standard string inverter, while the other is equipped with microinverters on each solar panel. Partial shade is applied to both systems in a comprehensive range of shading conditions, simulating one of three shade extents. Under light shading conditions, the microinverter system produced the equivalent of 4% annual performance improvement, relative to the string inverter system. Under moderate shading conditions, the microinverter system outperformed the string inverter system by 8%, and under heavy shading the microinverter increased relative performance by 12%. In all three cases, the percentage of performance loss that is recovered by the use of distributed power electronics is 40%-50%. Additionally, it was found that certain shading conditions can lead to additional losses in string inverters due to peak-power tracking errors and voltage limitations.

  10. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    shading type Fixed exterior white-painted aluminum louvers on 2nd and 3rd floors, awning at ground floor, photovoltaic

  11. Partially Shaded Operation of a Grid-Tied PV System: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, C.

    2009-06-01

    This paper presents background and experimental results from a single-string grid-tied PV system, operated under a variety of shading conditions.

  12. Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Ian R; Jarvis, Paul G; Smith, Harry

    2001-06-14

    Competitive interactions between plants determine the success of individuals and species. In developing forests, competition for light is the predominant factor. Shade tolerators acclimate photosynthetically to low ...

  13. Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Solar DEM Models : A solar image in color band b, m×n pixels, containing a particular solar feature, for t = 1, 2, . . . , T. btM sianFieldRandomGaus I M I I bbb T t bbtt bbb bb 2 1 2 )( #12;Solar DEM.bI : the measure error of the ith row and jth column pixel of the certain image in color band b. ijbe #12;Solar DEM

  14. Enhancing Efficiency and Robustness of a Photovoltaic Power System under Partial Shading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Enhancing Efficiency and Robustness of a Photovoltaic Power System under Partial Shading Yanzhi}@usc.edu, 2 E-mail: {yhkim, naehyuck}@elpl.snu.ac.kr Abstract Photovoltaic (PV) power systems have been widely.1% to 53.3% compared with the baseline systems. Keywords Photovoltaic system, partial shading, hybrid

  15. North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours heights, contours, building outlines, landmarks, points of interest Restrictions: Data is licensed for use@yorku.ca) Citation: RMSI. "[North York (Yonge Street) building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours

  16. Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places Data, building outlines, landmarks, points of interest Restrictions: Data is licensed for use of York University. "[Downtown Toronto building outlines with heights, clutter data, DEM, contours and places]" [electronic

  17. Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, mn pixels,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Solar DEM Model Proposal : A solar image in color band b, m×n pixels, containing a particular solar 11 )( #12;Solar DEM Model Proposal : the volume (abundance?) of ion ii : the proportion of the total volume at temperature t t T t bitt I i ib MIE 11 )( #12;Solar Dataset · 15 Filters.txt files

  18. Simulation effectively sites surge-relief facilities on Saudi pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.J.; Al-Gouhi, A.H. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahrain (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-20

    Pipeline hydraulic and surge analysis studies of the Saudi Aramco East-West crude-oil pipeline assisted in expanding the system's capacity by 50%. Surge studies predicted that operational upsets, such as the trip of a pump station, cause excessive surge pressures in the pipeline system at new flow rates. Additional surge studies showed that surge-relief stations must be located downstream from each of six pump stations. The new surge-relief stations and an increase in capacity of existing surge-relief stations protect the pipelines at the higher flow rates. The paper describes modeling the system, the analysis of the hydraulics, surge analysis, acoustic transit times, relief valve simulation, surge-relief protection, surge-relief stations, station locations, simulation results, tank sizing, and valve testing.

  19. Building Pressure Control in VAV System with Relief Air Fan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, X.; Liu, M.; Zheng, B.

    2005-01-01

    Building Pressure Control in VAV Systems with Relief Air Fan Xiufeng Pang, Mingsheng Liu, PhD, P.E., Bin Zheng University of Nebraska, Lincoln—ESL 1110 So. 67 th St, Omaha, NE, 68182 Abstract Building pressure control is critical... to energy conservation and indoor air quality by preventing excessive infiltration or exfiltration. In the supply and the return/relief fan Air Handling Unit (AHU) system, better space pressurization can be achieved when return/relief fan operates...

  20. Effectiveness of Shading Air-Cooled Condensers of Air-Conditioning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElSherbini, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2010-01-01

    of the condenser and the high ambient temperatures can be detrimental for the energy performance. The effectiveness of shading the condensing unit to mitigate this adverse impact is investigated in this paper. A limiting analysis compares the performance of several...

  1. Impacts of Shading and Glazing Combinations on Residential Energy Use in a Hot Dry Climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar-Nagy, S.; Anderson, R.; Hancock, C.E. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Reeves, P. (Partnership for Resource Conservation)

    2000-08-25

    A residential building in Tucson, Arizona, was studied to evaluate opportunities for reducing cooling energy use in a hot dry climate. The reduction of solar heat gain was strongly influenced by spectrally selective windows, architectural shading, and site shading from adjacent buildings. The study emphasized accurately modeling these features to account for effects on the energy load. Building performance was modeled using a detailed hourly energy simulation tool and was measured while unoccupied for a period of 12 days. Model inputs included direct measurements of the net air exchange rate, surface reflectance, and window transmittance. Model results showed good agreement with the direct measurements of cooling loads and air-conditioning energy use. A parametric study of annual energy use is presented showing the impacts of glazing type, architectural shading, site shading, and building orientation. It is important to understand these interactions to optimize energy savings in community-scale housing developments.

  2. Development and Validation of a Computer Model for Energy-Efficient Shaded Fenestration Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Kie Whan

    2000-01-01

    transfer through an unshaded window at any orientation. A computerized simulation model, called the Shaded Fenestration Design (SFD) model, was developed that is capable of calculating the amount of solar radiation for a clear day as well as calculating...

  3. A Real-Time Procedural Shading System for Programmable Graphics Hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    A Real-Time Procedural Shading System for Programmable Graphics Hardware Kekoa Proudfoot£ Stanford University Abstract Real-time graphics hardware is becoming programmable, but this programmable hardware one computation frequency. Internally, our system virtualizes limited hardware resources to allow

  4. Photovoltaic Shading Testbed for Module-Level Power Electronics: 2014 Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, C.; Meydbray, J.; Donovan, M.

    2014-08-01

    The 2012 NREL report 'Photovoltaic Shading Testbed for Module-Level Power Electronics' provides a standard methodology for estimating the performance benefit of distributed power electronics under partial shading conditions. Since the release of the report, experiments have been conducted for a number of products and for different system configurations. Drawing from these experiences, updates to the test and analysis methods are recommended. Proposed changes in data processing have the benefit of reducing the sensitivity to measurement errors and weather variability, as well as bringing the updated performance score in line with measured and simulated values of the shade recovery benefit of distributed PV power electronics. Also, due to the emergence of new technologies including sub-module embedded power electronics, the shading method has been extended to include power electronics that operate at a finer granularity than the module level. An update to the method is proposed to account for these emerging technologies that respond to shading differently than module-level devices. The partial shading test remains a repeatable test procedure that attempts to simulate shading situations as would be experienced by typical residential or commercial rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems. Performance data for multiple products tested using this method are discussed, based on equipment from Enphase, Solar Edge, Maxim Integrated and SMA. In general, the annual recovery of shading losses from the module-level electronics evaluated is 25-35%, with the major difference between different trials being related to the number of parallel strings in the test installation rather than differences between the equipment tested.

  5. The humanitarian relief supply chain : analysis of the 2004 South East Asia earthquake and Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Timothy Edward

    2005-01-01

    Humanitarian relief supply chains are not well documented. This thesis describes humanitarian relief supply chains in general and those specifically utilized in the 2004 South East Asia Earthquake and Tsunami relief effort. ...

  6. Spieleprogrammierung mit PyGame Teil II Softwareentwicklungspraktikum "Python mit dem Raspberry Pi"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spieleprogrammierung mit PyGame ­ Teil II Softwareentwicklungspraktikum "Python mit dem Raspberry Pi" (WiSe 2015/2016) Clemens Schefels Lehr- und Forschungseinheit f¨ur Programmier- und

  7. A Multi-Pass Generation of DEM for Urban Zheng Cui, 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Ching

    @cis.uab.edu Abstract--High quality DEM (Digital Elevation Model) is indispensable for a smart city nowadays. A large. The filtering results, such as terrain surfaces and building boundaries, are critical in many smart city

  8. Demand relief and weather sensitivity in large California commercial office buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann; Gu, Lixing; Haves, Philip

    2001-01-01

    TX Demand Relief and Weather Sensitivity in Large California76SF00098. Demand Relief and Weather Sensitivity in Largeof research has examined the weather sensitivity of energy

  9. Separating the effects of topography and composition in the Clementine UVVIS data set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Paul

    of the nature of the surface. A technique based on unsupervised classification which uses spectral ratios of a digital elevation map (DEM). Even without the photometric function a shaded relief map can be generated is performed by unsupervised classification, also known as cluster analysis. The recent Clementine mission

  10. Strategies for Restoring Native Riparian Understory Plants Along the Sacramento River: Timing, Shade, Non-Native Control, and Planting Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Prairie L.; Holl, Karen D.; Wood, David M.

    2011-01-01

    riparian restoration on the Sacramento River. San Franciscoforest on the middle Sacramento River [Masters]. Chico (CA):Understory Plants Along the Sacramento River: Timing, Shade,

  11. International Symposium on Daylighting Buildings (IEA SHC TASK 31) Integrating Automated Shading and Smart Glazings with Daylight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Smart Glazings with Daylight Controls Stephen Selkowitz Eleanor Lee Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Keywords: daylighting, controls, smart glazing, shading, field testing, IEA31 1. INTRODUCTION Most

  12. Blast overpressure relief using air vacated buffer medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avasarala, Srikanti Rupa

    2009-01-01

    Blast waves generated by intense explosions cause damage to structures and human injury. In this thesis, a strategy is investigated for relief of blast overpressure resulting from explosions in air. The strategy is based ...

  13. Method for residual stress relief and retained austenite destabilization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ludtka, Gerard M.

    2004-08-10

    A method using of a magnetic field to affect residual stress relief or phase transformations in a metallic material is disclosed. In a first aspect of the method, residual stress relief of a material is achieved at ambient temperatures by placing the material in a magnetic field. In a second aspect of the method, retained austenite stabilization is reversed in a ferrous alloy by applying a magnetic field to the alloy at ambient temperatures.

  14. A LEO-Based Solar-Shade System to Mitigate Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Suresh; Andrew Meulenberg

    2015-04-20

    The development of a Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) based solar-shade system, as part of a technically- and financially-viable multipurpose system to provide long-term solutions to global warming and the energy crisis is discussed. The proposed solar-shade and power system would be enabled by the development of a previously-proposed less-expensive, environment-friendly, space-elevator system to lift mass into space. The solar shades, even during their early deployment and growth in LEO, would provide benefits such as reduction of space-debris and depletion of the Van Allen radiation belts.The Terrestrial temperature profile has been approximated for each latitudinal zone with a one-dimensional model. A shade ring at an altitude of 2000-4000 km, consisting of thin-film mega panels totaling up to 4% of the earths surface area (to block ~1% of insolation), is proposed. The effects of such near-polar rings on the global temperature pattern has been examined using the simple model. Specific emphasis has been laid on this effect in the Polar Regions. One such proposed ring could reduce the peak summer temperature of the Polar Regions (80-90 degree latitude) by almost 3K. The tilting of the solar-shades, to reduce their cooling effect at the poles and to increase it in the near-polar regions, is recommended.

  15. Statistical Performance Evaluation Of Soft Seat Pressure Relief Valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Stephen P.; Gross, Robert E.

    2013-03-26

    Risk-based inspection methods enable estimation of the probability of failure on demand for spring-operated pressure relief valves at the United States Department of Energy's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. This paper presents a statistical performance evaluation of soft seat spring operated pressure relief valves. These pressure relief valves are typically smaller and of lower cost than hard seat (metal to metal) pressure relief valves and can provide substantial cost savings in fluid service applications (air, gas, liquid, and steam) providing that probability of failure on demand (the probability that the pressure relief valve fails to perform its intended safety function during a potentially dangerous over pressurization) is at least as good as that for hard seat valves. The research in this paper shows that the proportion of soft seat spring operated pressure relief valves failing is the same or less than that of hard seat valves, and that for failed valves, soft seat valves typically have failure ratios of proof test pressure to set pressure less than that of hard seat valves.

  16. A beginner's guide to stereo-derived DEM production and analysis using ISIS, ASP, and ArcMap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    A beginner's guide to stereo-derived DEM production and analysis using ISIS, ASP, and ArcMap v. 1 ............................................................................................................................5 2. Processing the images with ISIS

  17. Summary In shaded environments, minimizing dark respi-ration during growth could be an important aspect of maintain-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machado, Jose-Luis

    Summary In shaded environments, minimizing dark respi- ration during growth could be an important aspect of maintain- ing a positive whole-plant net carbon balance. Changes with plant size in both (Kraus et al. 1989, Tjoelker et al. 1999a). In deeply shaded environments, dark respiration is likely

  18. Metamerism-based shading illusion Daisuke Miyazaki, Takafumi Saneshige, Masashi Baba, Ryo Furukawa, Masahito Aoyama, Shinsaku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    oil painting as if it is a 3D object with plausible shading. 1 Introduction The phenomenon where two, printing, and advertising industries. This pa- per rebels against such common sense, and fully brings out. Bala et al. [9] used a CMYK printer to create watermarks using metamerism. They used two types of inks

  19. Effects of Shade on Blue Oak and Coast Live Oak Regeneration in California Annual Grasslands1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of Shade on Blue Oak and Coast Live Oak Regeneration in California Annual Grasslands1 manipulation. A split-plot, multifactorial experi ment was designed to test whether blue oak (Quercus douglasii herbaceous vegetation was not manipulated. Even under conditions of prolonged, severe drought, blue oaks

  20. SOLAR HEAT GAIN THROUGH FENESTRATION SYSTEMS CONTAINING SHADING: SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOLAR HEAT GAIN THROUGH FENESTRATION SYSTEMS CONTAINING SHADING: SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES that with a drastic simplifying assumption these methods can be used to calculate system solar-optical properties and solar heat gain coefficients for arbitrary glazing systems, while requiring limited data about

  1. SOLAR HEAT GAIN THROUGH FENESTRATION SYSTEMS CONTAINING SHADING: PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOLAR HEAT GAIN THROUGH FENESTRATION SYSTEMS CONTAINING SHADING: PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING that with a drastic simplifying assumption these methods can be used to calculate system solar-optical properties and solar heat gain coefficients for arbitrary glazing systems, while requiring limited data about

  2. New MS-Windows-Based Educational Software for Teaching the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, J. K. W.; Haberl, J. S.

    1996-01-01

    software package that includes a tutorial on how the sunpath and shading mask protrotractor are constructed. protractor which represents the hemispherical view that one could obtained if a photo could be taken with a fisheye-lens camera that is facing...

  3. Exposing Photo Manipulation from Shading and Shadows Eric Kee, Columbia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    Exposing Photo Manipulation from Shading and Shadows Eric Kee, Columbia University James F. O to find a solution provides evidence of photo tampering. Categories and Subject Descriptors: I.2--Miscellaneous Additional Key Words and Phrases: Image forensics, photo manipulation, image manipulation, forgery detection

  4. A LEO-Based Solar-Shade System to Mitigate Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh, Rahul

    2015-01-01

    The development of a Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) based solar-shade system, as part of a technically- and financially-viable multipurpose system to provide long-term solutions to global warming and the energy crisis is discussed. The proposed solar-shade and power system would be enabled by the development of a previously-proposed less-expensive, environment-friendly, space-elevator system to lift mass into space. The solar shades, even during their early deployment and growth in LEO, would provide benefits such as reduction of space-debris and depletion of the Van Allen radiation belts.The Terrestrial temperature profile has been approximated for each latitudinal zone with a one-dimensional model. A shade ring at an altitude of 2000-4000 km, consisting of thin-film mega panels totaling up to 4% of the earths surface area (to block ~1% of insolation), is proposed. The effects of such near-polar rings on the global temperature pattern has been examined using the simple model. Specific emphasis has been laid on this e...

  5. This paper explores the accuracy of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs), with particular reference to Australian published

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jeff

    utilizes the blue lines drawn on topographic maps to represent the permanently flowing or major intermittent streams (Moore et al., 1991). However, there has been an increasing move towards using automated standards for the production and checking of DEMs in Australia. However, there is an accuracy specification

  6. Conceptual design of pressure relief systems for cryogenic application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grohmann, S. [Institute for Technical Thermodynamics and Refrigeration, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Engler-Bunte-Ring 21, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany and Institute for Technical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 E (Germany); Süßer, M. [Institute for Technical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2014-01-29

    The conceptual design of pressure relief systems is an important aspect in the early phase of any cryogenic system design, because a prudent and responsible evaluation of relief systems involves much more than just relief devices. The conceptual design consists of various steps: At first, hazard scenarios must be considered and the worst-case scenario identified. Next, a staged interaction against pressure increase is to be defined. This is followed by the selection of the general type of pressure relief device for each stage, such as safety valve and rupture disc, respectively. Then, a decision concerning their locations, their capacities and specific features must be taken. Furthermore, it is mandatory to consider the inlet pressure drop and the back pressure in the exhaust line for sizing the safety devices. And last but not least, economic and environmental considerations must be made in case of releasing the medium to the atmosphere. The development of the system's safety concept calls for a risk management strategy based on identification and analysis of hazards, and consequent risk mitigation using a system-based approach in compliance with the standards.

  7. Topography, relief, and TRMM-derived rainfall variations along the Bodo Bookhagen1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    Topography, relief, and TRMM-derived rainfall variations along the Himalaya Bodo Bookhagen1. To investigate the influence of topography and relief on rainfall generation and resultant erosion, we processed distribution of rainfall and (2) the large-scale relationships between topography, relief, and rainfall

  8. Effects of sediment pulses on bed relief in bar-pool John P. P. Zunka,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Effects of sediment pulses on bed relief in bar-pool channels John P. P. Zunka,1 * Desiree D associated with sediment pulses in bar- pool channels, we analyze channel bed topographic data collected relief to sand and gravel sediment pulses is a function of initial relief and pulse magnitude. Modest

  9. An analysis of tomb reliefs depicting boat construction from the Old Kingdom period in Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Edward Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Among the aspects of daily life represented on the walls of private tombs during the Old Kingdom in Egypt are reliefs depicting the construction of boat hulls. Examination of the twenty known reliefs and relief fragments which date to this period...

  10. Deep multi-frequency radio observations of the SHADES fields and the nature of the faint radio populaton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibar, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    The two SCUBA HAlf-Degree Extragalactic Survey (SHADES) fields are amongst the richest places in the sky in terms of multi-wavelength coverage. They comprise an eastern section of the Lockman Hole (LH) and the central ...

  11. The Feasibility of Shading the Greenhouse with Dust Clouds at the Stable Lunar Lagrange Points

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis Struck

    2007-01-25

    There are many indications that anthropogenic global warming poses a serious threat to our civilization and its ecological support systems. Ideally this problem will be overcome by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Various space-based methods, including large-scale solar shades, diffusers or atmospheric pollutants, have been considered to reduce the solar constant (input flux) and the warming in case emissions reductions are not achieved in a timely way. Here it is pointed out that proposed technologies for near-Earth orbiting comet deflection, suggest a different kind of space-based solar shade. This shade would be made up of micron-sized dust particles derived from comet fragments or lunar mining, and positioned in orbits near the triangular Lagrange points of the Earth-Moon system. Solar radiation pressure can render such orbits unstable, but a class of nearly resonant, and long-lived orbits is shown to exist, though the phase space volume of such orbits depends on dust grain size. Advantages and disadvantages of this scheme relative to others are considered.

  12. Effect of shading by the table coral Acropora Hyacinthus on understory corals. [Acropora; Pocillopora

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stimson, J.

    1985-02-01

    Field surveys at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands, show that coral density and diversity is much lower beneath Acropora table corals than in adjacent unshaded areas. Additionally, the understory community is predominantly composed of massive and encrusting species, while branching Acropora and Pocillopora predominate in unshaded areas. Results of experiments in which coral fragments were transferred to the shade of table Acropora and to adjacent unshaded areas show that shading slows the growth and leads to higher mortality of branching species, while massive and encrusting species are unaffected. Light measurements made beneath table Acropora show that illumination and irradiance values fall to levels at which most hermatypic corals do not occur. The fast-growing but fragile table Acropora are abundant in a wide variety of atoll habitats and grow rapidly to form a canopy approx. = 50 cm above the substrate. However, table Acropora also have high mortality rates, so that there is continuous production of unshaded areas. The growth and death of tables thus create local disturbances, and the resulting patchwork of recently shaded and unshaded areas may enhance coral diversity in areas of high coral cover.

  13. Fluid-particle flow modelling and validation using two-way-coupled mesoscale SPH-DEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Martin; Ramaioli, Marco

    2013-01-01

    We present a meshless simulation method for multiphase fluid-particle flows coupling Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Rather than fully resolving the interstitial fluid, which is often infeasible, the unresolved fluid model is based on the locally averaged Navier Stokes equations, which are coupled with a DEM model for the solid phase. In contrast to similar mesh-based Discrete Particle Methods (DPMs), this is a purely particle-based method and enjoys the flexibility that comes from the lack of a prescribed mesh. It is suitable for problems such as free surface flow or flow around complex, moving and/or intermeshed geometries. It can be used for both one and two-way coupling and is applicable to both dilute and dense particle flows. A comprehensive validation procedure for fluid-particle simulations is presented and applied to the SPH-DEM method, using simulations of single and multiple particle sedimentation in a 3D fluid column and comparison with analytical model...

  14. Energy Crisis in the Superbubble DEM L 192 (N 51D)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. L. Cooper; M. A. Guerrero; Y. -H. Chu; C. -H. R. Chen; B. C. Dunne

    2004-01-21

    Superbubbles surrounding OB associations provide ideal laboratories to study the stellar energy feedback problem because the stellar energy input can be estimated from the observed stellar content of the OB associations and the interstellar thermal and kinetic energies of superbubbles are well-defined and easy to observe. We have used DEM L 192, also known as N 51D, to carry out a detailed case study of the energy budget in a superbubble, and we find that the expected amount of stellar mechanical energy injected into the ISM, (18+-5)x10^51 ergs, exceeds the amount of thermal and kinetic energies stored in the superbubble, (6+-2)x10^51 ergs. Clearly, a significant fraction of the stellar mechanical energy must have been converted to other forms of energy. The X-ray spectrum of the diffuse emission from DEM L 192 requires a power-law component to explain the featureless emission at 1.0-3.0 keV. The origin of this power-law component is unclear, but it may be responsible for the discrepancy between the stellar energy input and the observed interstellar energy in DEM L 192.

  15. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    15 4.1. LightingEvaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, andcomparison EUI, kBtu/Gsf Lighting Heating Cooling Pumps/C

  16. Analytically calculating shading in regular arrays of sun-pointing collectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meller, Yosef

    2010-11-15

    A method is presented for deriving an algorithm for analytically calculating shading of sun-pointing solar collectors by other identical collectors in the field. The method is particularly suited to regularly-spaced collectors, with convex aperture shapes. Using this method, an algorithm suitable for circular-aperture collectors is derived. The algorithm is validated against results obtained using an existing algorithm, and an example for usage of the algorithm as a tool for validating assumptions of an existing algorithm is presented. (author)

  17. Energy Stability: How to Continually move your schools to a deeper shade of green 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbitt, C.

    2014-01-01

    to continually move your schools to a deeper shade of green ESL-KT-14-11-16 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Is there a difference between achieving energy savings and sustaining energy savings? And if so, what... are these differences? ESL-KT-14-11-16 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Questions we should ask about Energy Sustainability Why do we want to tackle it? What are the obstacles that we will face? How can we overcome them? ESL...

  18. Thermal and Electrical Effects of Partial Shade in Monolithic Thin-Film Photovoltaic Modules: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silverman, Timothy J.; Deceglie, Michael G.; Sun, Xingshu; Garris, Rebekah L.; Alam, Muhammad Ashraful; Deline, Chris; Kurtz, Sarah

    2015-09-02

    Photovoltaic cells can be damaged by reverse bias stress, which arises during service when a monolithically integrated thin-film module is partially shaded. We introduce a model for describing a module's internal thermal and electrical state, which cannot normally be measured. Using this model and experimental measurements, we present several results with relevance for reliability testing and module engineering: Modules with a small breakdown voltage experience less stress than those with a large breakdown voltage, with some exceptions for modules having light-enhanced reverse breakdown. Masks leaving a small part of the masked cells illuminated can lead to very high temperature and current density compared to masks covering entire cells.

  19. New Educational Software for Teaching the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, J.; Haberl, J. S.

    1997-01-01

    , Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas ABSTRACT The well-known versions of the sunpath diagrams that appear in the AIA's Architectural Graphics Standards are based on the equidistant sky dome projections and use a shading... for the facade in which the window is being analyzed, and placed on top of the sunpath diagram to determine if a point centered at the base of the window is exposed to direct sunlight. Teaching this process to architects and engineers is tedious and error...

  20. Racial Differences in Opiate Administration for Pain Relief at an Academic Emergency Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Differences in Opiate Administration the odds ratio inDifferences in Opiate Administration for Pain Relief at anbetween analgesia administration and race. This is the first

  1. INTERPRETATION REGARDING EXEMPTION RELIEF UNDER 10 C.F.R. PART...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    RELIEF, AND NON-COMPLIANT 'DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSES' SUBJECT TO 10 C.F.R. PART 830, NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT, SUBPART B, SAFETY BASIS REQUIREMENTS INTERPRETATION REGARDING...

  2. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013)

  3. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    2015-04-07

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013)

  4. Energy Crisis in the Superbubble DEM L 192 (N 51D)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, R L; Chu, Y H; Chen, C H R; Dunne, B C

    2004-01-01

    Superbubbles surrounding OB associations provide ideal laboratories to study the stellar energy feedback problem because the stellar energy input can be estimated from the observed stellar content of the OB associations and the interstellar thermal and kinetic energies of superbubbles are well-defined and easy to observe. We have used DEM L 192, also known as N 51D, to carry out a detailed case study of the energy budget in a superbubble, and we find that the expected amount of stellar mechanical energy injected into the ISM, (18+-5)x10^51 ergs, exceeds the amount of thermal and kinetic energies stored in the superbubble, (6+-2)x10^51 ergs. Clearly, a significant fraction of the stellar mechanical energy must have been converted to other forms of energy. The X-ray spectrum of the diffuse emission from DEM L 192 requires a power-law component to explain the featureless emission at 1.0-3.0 keV. The origin of this power-law component is unclear, but it may be responsible for the discrepancy between the stellar e...

  5. Table lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution and uniformly illuminated luminous shade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

  6. The effects of manger shades and manger sprinklers on heat-stressed lactating Holstein dairy cattle in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fourdraine, Windi Anne

    1991-01-01

    THE EFFECTS OF MANGER SHADES AND MANGER SPRINKLERS ON HEAT-STRESSED LACTATING HOLSTEIN DAIRY CATTLE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WINDI ANNE FOURDRAINE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Dairy Science THE EFFECTS OF MANGER SHADES AND MANGER SPRINKLERS ON HEAT-STRESSED LACTATING HOLSTEIN DAIRY CATTLE IN TEXAS A Thesis by WINDI ANNE FOURDRAINE Approved as to style...

  7. Enhanced Software for Displaying Orthographic, Stereographic, Gnomic and Cylindrical Projections of the Sunpath Diagram and Shading Mask Protractor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, K. W.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.

    2000-01-01

    -path diagram and shading mask protractor are well known graphic formats that have traditionally been used by architects and engineers to analyze whether or not a solar shading device will block direct sunlight on a given point in the plane of an exterior... (Schnieders et al. 1997), AWNSHADE (McCluney 1995), SOLAR-2 (Sheu 1986), SUNPATH (McCluney 1995), and SUNSPEC (McCluney 1995) programs. OPAQUE (Abouella and Milne 1990), developed by the Department of Architecture at UCLA, draws a detailed wall or roof...

  8. Regional Geologic Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    2013-06-28

    Shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, generalized geology, selected mines, and major topographic features

  9. Regional Geologic Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    Shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, generalized geology, selected mines, and major topographic features

  10. Morphological and Ultrastructural Studies of Plant Cuticular Membranes. I. Sun and Shade Leaves of Quercus velutina (Fagaceae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Jeffrey M.; Taylor, Thomas N.

    1990-12-01

    wax. Both the adaxial and abaxial epidermises have the same basic fine structure in sun and shade leaves with respect to the outer periclinal cell wall and overlying CM. The cell wall is lamellate and the CM is composed of a two-zoned, reticulate...

  11. Capital Cost-Aware Design and Partial Shading-Aware Architecture Optimization of a Reconfigurable Photovoltaic System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Capital Cost-Aware Design and Partial Shading-Aware Architecture Optimization of a Reconfigurable, increase the capital cost of the PV system. In this paper, we group a number of PV cells into a PV macro-cell is the result of a trade-off between the decreased PV system capital cost and enhanced PV system performance

  12. How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-tolerant species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitajima, Kaoru

    How cellulose-based leaf toughness and lamina density contribute to long leaf lifespans of shade-8137.2012.04203.x Key words: anti-herbivory defence, cellulose, herbivory, lamina density, leaf lifespan, leaf, a recently recognized indicator of material strength per unit mass, was linearly correlated with cellulose

  13. To appear in IEEE Trans. On CAD 1 Abstract--Partial shading is a serious obstacle to the effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    utilization of photovoltaic (PV) systems since it can result in a significant degradation in the PV system of a large-scale PV system comprised of 3 PV modules with 60 PV cells per module. Index Terms--Photovoltaic system, partial shading, photovoltaic module reconfiguration, dynamic programming. I. INTRODUCTION UE

  14. Making the best of the worst of times: traits underlying combined shade and drought tolerance of Ruscus aculeatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    woodland areas of the Mediterranean Basin and southern Europe. The combined drought and shade tolerance on a detailed trait survey for Ruscus aculeatus L. and Ruscus microglossum Bertol., focusing on gas exchange, low shoot hydraulic conductance, low cuticular conductance, and substantial water storage tissue

  15. Mechanistic Based DEM Simulation of Particle Attrition in a Jet Cup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Wei; DeCroix, David; Sun, Xin

    2014-02-01

    The attrition of particles is a major industrial concern in many fluidization systems as it can have undesired effects on the product quality and on the reliable operation of process equipment. Therefore, to accomodate the screening and selection of catalysts for a specific process in fluidized beds, risers, or cyclone applications, their attrition propensity is usually estimated through jet cup attrition testing, where the test material is subjected to high gas velocities in a jet cup. However, this method is far from perfect despite its popularity, largely due to its inconsistency in different testing set-ups. In order to better understand the jet cup testing results as well as their sensitivity to different operating conditions, a coupled computational fluid dynamic (CFD) - discrete element method (DEM) model has been developed in the current study to investigate the particle attrition in a jet cup and its dependence on various factors, e.g. jet velocity, initial particle size, particle density, and apparatus geometry.

  16. Solar Census - Perfecting the Art of Automated, Remote Solar Shading Assessments (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-04-01

    To validate the work completed by Solar Census as part of the Department of Energy SunShot Incubator 8 award, NREL validated the performanec of the Solar Census Surveyor tool against the industry standard Solmetric SunEye measurements for 4 residential sites in California who experienced light to heavy shading. Using the a two one-sided test (TOST) of statistical equivalence, NREL found that the mean differences between the Solar Census and SunEye mean solar access values for Annual, Summer, and Winter readings fall within the 95% confidence intervals and the confidence intervals themselves fall within the tolerances of +/- 5 SAVs, the Solar Census calculations are statistically equivalent to the SunEye measurements.

  17. Certain Cash Contributions for Typhoon Haiyan Relief Efforts in the Philippines Can Be Deducted on Your 2013 Tax Return

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Certain Cash Contributions for Typhoon Haiyan Relief Efforts in the Philippines Can Be Deducted, 2014, and before April 15, 2014, for the relief of victims in the Republic of the Philippines affected

  18. Electrooxidation of acetaldehyde on a carbon supported Pt catalyst at elevated temperature/ pressure: an on-line DEMS study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Cells and the importance of fuel cell relevant reaction and mass transport conditions in model studies of fuel cell reactions are discussed. Keywords: Acetaldehyde oxidation; High temperature DEMS; CO2 current-1 (0.6 V, 0.1 M solution). The implications of these results on applications in Direct Ethanol Fuel

  19. To appear in the ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 conference proceedings Digital Bas-Relief from 3D Scenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -controlled milling machine to produce (d) a physical bas relief sculpture carved in limestone, roughly 15" tall

  20. Orographic precipitation and the relief of mountain ranges Gerard H. Roe, David R. Montgomery, and Bernard Hallet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    Orographic precipitation and the relief of mountain ranges Gerard H. Roe, David R. Montgomery] The influence of climate on the relief of mountain ranges has long been supposed but has received little of precipitation affect the relief of fluvially sculpted mountain ranges. It is shown that the impact

  1. Reviews of ASME Section 11 pump and valve relief requests: Post Generic Letter 89-04

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBiasio, A.

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents a discussion of ASME Section 11 Pump and Valve Inservice Testing relief request reviews by the NRC and their contractors. Topics that will be discussed include the scope of USNRC reviews in Technical Evaluation Reports (TERs) (and Safety Evaluation, SEs); including the basis for granting relief requests, the status of relief requests in IST Program updates, and the Generic Letter 89-04 approval process; and the level of technical detail required in submitted programs. This presentation is based on the experiences of Brookhaven National Laboratory in reviewing IST Programs for the Mechanical Engineering Branch of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  2. Reviews of ASME Section 11 pump and valve relief requests: Post Generic Letter 89-04

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBiasio, A.

    1992-07-01

    This paper presents a discussion of ASME Section 11 Pump and Valve Inservice Testing relief request reviews by the NRC and their contractors. Topics that will be discussed include the scope of USNRC reviews in Technical Evaluation Reports (TERs) (and Safety Evaluation, SEs); including the basis for granting relief requests, the status of relief requests in IST Program updates, and the Generic Letter 89-04 approval process; and the level of technical detail required in submitted programs. This presentation is based on the experiences of Brookhaven National Laboratory in reviewing IST Programs for the Mechanical Engineering Branch of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  3. Leakage characterization of a piloted power operated relief valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezekoye, L.I. [Westinghouse Electric Corp, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Nuclear Technology Division; Hess, M.D. [Northeast Utilities, Waterford, CT (United States). Millstone Station

    1995-11-01

    In Westinghouse Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs), power operated relief valves (PORVs) are used to provide overpressure protection of the Pressurizer. The valves are fail closed globe valves which means that power is required to open the valves and, on loss of power, the valves close. There are two ways to operate the PORVs. The more common way is to directly couple the disc to an actuator via a disc-stem assembly. The type of design is not the object of this paper. The other and less common way of operating a PORV is by piloting the main valve such that the opening or closing of a pilot valve opens and closes the main valve. This is the design of interest. In most plants, the PORVs are installed with a water loop seal while in some plants no water loop seals are used. It is generally accepted that loop seal installation minimizes valve seat leakage. In non-loop seal installation, the valve seat is exposed to steam which increases the potential for seat leakage. This paper describes the results of some tests performed with nitrogen and steam to characterize the leakage potential of a pilot operated PORV. The test results were compared with seat leakage tests of check valves to provide insight on the leakage testing of pilot operated valves and check valves. The paper also compares the test data with leakage estimates using the ASME/ANSI OM Code guidance on valve leakage.

  4. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konis, Kyle; Lee, Eleanor; Clear, Robert

    2011-01-11

    The objective of this study was to explore how calibrated high dynamic range (HDR) images (luminance maps) acquired in real world daylit environments can be used to characterize, evaluate, and compare visual comfort conditions of innovative facade shading and light-redirecting systems. Detailed (1536 x 1536 pixel) luminance maps were time-lapse acquired from two view positions in an unoccupied full scale testbed facility. These maps were analyzed using existing visual comfort metrics to quantify how innovative interior and exterior shading systems compare to conventional systems under real sun and sky conditions over a solstice-to-solstice test interval. The results provide a case study in the challenges and potential of methods of visualizing, evaluating and summarizing daily and seasonal variation of visual comfort conditions computed from large sets of image data.

  5. I-Rescue: A Coalition Based System to Support Disaster Relief Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siebra, C; Tate, Austin

    I-Rescue is a research programme that aims to develop knowledge-based tools for disaster relief domains. One important aspect of the I-Rescue development is to highlight the requirements regarding the collaborative activities ...

  6. Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Weifeng Victoria

    2006-01-01

    This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

  7. Working Families Tax Relief Act of 2004 (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    The Working Families Tax Relief Act of 2004 was signed into law on October 13, 2004. Primarily, the Act reduces taxes for individuals and businesses. At least two provisions relate to energy: Depletion of marginal properties and qualified vehicles.

  8. Transitional development within shifting spheres of conflict : the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erekat, Dana (Dana M.)

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines how an NGO can function and create change within the shifting domains of Palestinian stability and conflict through the case study of the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committee (UPMRC). Palestinian ...

  9. Origins of relief along contacts between eolian sandstones and overlying marine strata

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eschner, T.B.; Kocurek, G.

    1988-08-01

    Origins of large-scale relief along eolian-marine unit contacts, which form significant stratigraphic traps for hydrocarbons, can be recognized as inherited, reworked, and/or erosional. The Permian Rotliegende-Weissliegende Sandstone and Yellow Sands of Europe may best exemplify inherited relief in that dunes are preserved largely intact. Reworked relief, which shows significant destruction of original dune topography but with remnants of the bedforms preserved, is shown by relict Holocene dunes of coastal Australia, the Jurassic Entrada Sandstone of the San Juan basin, and the Pennsylvanian-Permian Minnelusa Formation of Wyoming. Erosional relief results from post-eolian processes and is exemplified by the Jurassic Entrada Sandstone of northeastern Utah. 11 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Temperature impacts on the set pressure of soft seated pressure relief valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, J.J.; Zirps, G.T.; Gleason, R.B. [and others

    1995-11-01

    From a safety standpoint, regardless of plant or facility type, the most important pieces of equipment are the pressure relief devices. The most critical characteristics of a pressure relief device are its set pressure and the related relieving capacity. The Set Pressure of a pressure relief device is defined as that value of increasing inlet static pressure at which the discharge becomes continuous (ASME PTC 25-1994, Performance Test Codes). To preclude an unsafe overpressure situation, the set pressure of the pressure relief device must not exceed the maximum allowable working pressure of the equipment or system being protected. Because of testing facility limitations, size or pressure, pressure relief valves intended for elevated temperature service are often set using ambient temperature air. Adjustments are made to the ambient valve opening pressures to compensate for the temperature differences. The extent of the adjustments to the pressure relief valve set pressure is important to ensure the valve will provide the required overpressure protection at the elevated in-service temperature.

  11. ANALYSIS OF SAFETY RELIEF VALVE PROOF TEST DATA TO OPTIMIZE LIFECYCLE MAINTENANCE COSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, Robert; Harris, Stephen

    2007-08-01

    Proof test results were analyzed and compared with a proposed life cycle curve or hazard function and the limit of useful life. Relief valve proof testing procedures, statistical modeling, data collection processes, and time-in-service trends are presented. The resulting analysis of test data allows for the estimation of the PFD. Extended maintenance intervals to the limit of useful life as well as methodologies and practices for improving relief valve performance and reliability are discussed. A generic cost-benefit analysis and an expected life cycle cost reduction concludes that $90 million maintenance dollars might be avoided for a population of 3000 valves over 20 years.

  12. Orogenic movement mechanism for the formation of symmetrical relief features in copper nitride thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zexian, Cao

    Orogenic movement mechanism for the formation of symmetrical relief features in copper nitride thin heterogeneity, etc. In preparing thin films of the thermally unstable copper nitride Cu3N, growth proceeds-gap semiconduc- tors such as SiC and GaN that are expected to operate at temperatures over 300 °C demand both

  13. For Immediate Release Syrian refugee relief crisis evokes community-wide response at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    For Immediate Release Syrian refugee relief crisis evokes community-wide response at AUB Beirut determined to alleviate the suffering of Lebanon's growing population of Syrian refugees. Three years the country with a large-scale humanitarian crisis. Refugee issues including crushing poverty, traumatized

  14. Debris dams and the relief of headwater streams Stephen T. Lancaster a,, Gordon E. Grant b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debris dams and the relief of headwater streams Stephen T. Lancaster a,, Gordon E. Grant b, mountain landscapes where debris flows are common, their deposition commonly forms valley-spanning dams these dams causes alluviation in what would otherwise be bedrock channels. In this paper, the effects

  15. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013).Processing flowchart for each corridor:Ground control points (GCP, 20.3 cm square white targets, every 20 m) surveyed with RTK GPS. Acquisition of RGB pictures using a Kite-based platform. Structure from Motion based reconstruction using hundreds of pictures and GCP coordinates. Export of DEM and RGB mosaic in geotiff format (NAD 83, 2012 geoid, UTM zone 4 north) with pixel resolution of about 2 cm, and x,y,z accuracy in centimeter range (less than 10 cm). High-accuracy and high-resolution inside GCPs zone for L2 corridor (500x20m), AB corridor (500x40) DEM will be updated once all GCPs will be measured. Only zones between GCPs are accurate although all the mosaic is provided.

  16. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    2015-04-07

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013).Processing flowchart for each corridor:Ground control points (GCP, 20.3 cm square white targets, every 20 m) surveyed with RTK GPS. Acquisition of RGB pictures using a Kite-based platform. Structure from Motion based reconstruction using hundreds of pictures and GCP coordinates. Export of DEM and RGB mosaic in geotiff format (NAD 83, 2012 geoid, UTM zone 4 north) with pixel resolution of about 2 cm, and x,y,z accuracy in centimeter range (less than 10 cm). High-accuracy and high-resolution inside GCPs zone for L2 corridor (500x20m), AB corridor (500x40) DEM will be updated once all GCPs will be measured. Only zones between GCPs are accurate although all the mosaic is provided.

  17. Test for Modeling Windows in DOE 2.1E for Comparing the Window Library with the Shading Coefficient Method for a Single-Family Residence in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2008-07-18

    This study examines the difference of the window simulation test between the Shading Coefficient (SC) and the Window Library (WL) Methods on DOE 2.1E of the 2000 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) for single-family residences in Texas...

  18. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 5/20131 Vor 210 seiner Zeit". Bereits 1798 gab RITTER sein Universitätsstudium auf, das ihn mit dem ersten Jenaer Chemie

  19. Influence of pressurizer relief valves on success of ``feed and bleed`` procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petelin, S.; Mavko, B.; Gortnar, O. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Reactor Engineering Division

    1994-12-31

    The RELAP5/MOD3.1 analysis of the accident with total loss of secondary heat sink was performed for Krsko nuclear power plant which is a two loop Westinghouse PWR power plant of 1,876 MW thermal power. In the study of ``feed and bleed`` accident managing the particular attention was given to the emergency operating procedures foreseen operator actions. This paper deals with the modeling of saturated liquid and two-phase mixture critical discharge through the pressurizer power operated relief valves and aims to evaluate its influence on the simulation of other thermal-hydraulic processes in the reactor coolant system. The time evolution of simulated accident and the determination of the longest allowed operator response time for the successful accident managing were shown to be much dependent on the prediction of critical flow through the pressurizer relief valves.

  20. Investigation Of Adhesion Formation In New Stainless Steel Trim Spring Operated Pressure Relief Valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, Robert E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States); Bukowski, Julia V. [Villanova University, Villanova, PA (United States); Goble, William M. [exida, Sellersville, PA (United States)

    2013-04-16

    Examination of proof test data for new (not previously installed) stainless steel (SS) trim spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV) reveals that adhesions form between the seat and disc in about 46% of all such SOPRV. The forces needed to overcome these adhesions can be sufficiently large to cause the SOPRV to fail its proof test (FPT) prior to installation. Furthermore, a significant percentage of SOPRV which are found to FPT are also found to ''fail to open'' (FTO) meaning they would not relief excess pressure in the event of an overpressure event. The cases where adhesions result in FTO or FPT appear to be confined to SOPRV with diameters < 1 in and set pressures < 150 psig and the FTO are estimated to occur in 0.31% to 2.00% of this subpopulation of SS trim SOPRV. The reliability and safety implications of these finding for end-users who do not perform pre-installation testing of SOPRV are discussed.

  1. Emergency relief system design for fire exposure with consideration of multiphase flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forrest, H.S. [ABB Lummus Global Inc., Bloomfield, NJ (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Design methods are presented for deciding whether or not multiphase flow needs to be considered; and if so, for sizing emergency relief systems and estimating the liquid carryover for fire exposure to vessels. The methods apply for fire exposure to both low pressure storage tanks and pressure vessels containing churn-turbulent and bubbly/foamy fluids which do not react exothermically. Design methods are presented for right circular cylindrical vessels, horizontal vessels, spherical vessels and vessel jackets. Design methods are also presented for fluids which decompose endothermically with gaseous decomposition products at temperatures below the boiling point at the relieving pressure. The methods also estimate the amount of additional liquid carryover due to blowdown for oversized relief systems. 11 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  2. Helium pressures in RHIC vacuum cryostats and relief valve requirements from magnet cooling line failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liaw, C.J.; Than, Y.; Tuozzolo, J.

    2011-03-28

    A catastrophic failure of the RHIC magnet cooling lines, similar to the LHC superconducting bus failure incident, would pressurize the insulating vacuum in the magnet and transfer line cryostats. Insufficient relief valves on the cryostats could cause a structural failure. A SINDA/FLUINT{reg_sign} model, which simulated the 4.5K/4 atm helium flowing through the magnet cooling system distribution lines, then through a line break into the vacuum cryostat and discharging via the reliefs into the RHIC tunnel, had been developed to calculate the helium pressure inside the cryostat. Arc flash energy deposition and heat load from the ambient temperature cryostat surfaces were included in the simulations. Three typical areas: the sextant arc, the Triplet/DX/D0 magnets, and the injection area, had been analyzed. Existing relief valve sizes were reviewed to make sure that the maximum stresses, caused by the calculated maximum pressures inside the cryostats, did not exceed the allowable stresses, based on the ASME Code B31.3 and ANSYS results. The conclusions are as follows: (1) The S/F simulation results show that the highest internal pressure in the cryostats, due to the magnet line failure, is {approx}37 psig (255115 Pa); (2) Based on the simulation, the temperature on the cryostat chamber, INJ Q8-Q9, could drop to 228 K, which is lower than the material minimum design temperature allowed by the Code; (3) Based on the ASME Code and ANSYS results, the reliefs on all the cryostats inside the RHIC tunnel are adequate to protect the vacuum chambers when the magnet cooling lines fail; and (4) In addition to the pressure loading, the thermal deformations, due to the temperature decrease on the cryostat chambers, could also cause a high stress on the chamber, if not properly supported.

  3. Bayesian DEM Reconstruction Bayesian DEM Reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    ) : The distribution of the amount emission at different temperatures from a stellar corona. Elemental Abundances (k layer of a stellar atmosphere. Sun's corona during a total solar eclipse. (08/11/1999) Hosung Kang MCMC summarizes the temperature structure of corona. It provides how the corona is cooled, which then feeds back

  4. Sensations: a fabric of natural alcoves to provide relief from city life and stimulate the five senses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Megan (Megan Francesca)

    2008-01-01

    Cities have always been, and will likely always be, hectic. With every new technological advance this characteristic becomes amplified, and today city life offers little relief from cell phone chatter, honking car horns, ...

  5. The 1,000 dollar home : a scalable business model to build disaster relief dwellings and upgrade slums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañzio, Luis (Del Cañzio)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis proposes a new model for the private markets to build disaster relief dwellings or to upgrade degraded neighborhoods of very low income communities. The study offers a way to empower the dwellers of very poor ...

  6. Mobile medical disaster relief technology : enhancing communication, medical logistics, data creation, and crisis mapping for vulnerable communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intrator, Kira (Kira Rachel)

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores the field of disaster relief and recovery, and the application of emerging technologies that are both used by, and use the data generated by communities affected by natural disaster. This thesis analyzes ...

  7. Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating Sun Safety Is Made in the Shade Watch the clock. Avoid the sun as much as possible between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Use sunblock

  8. Where does streamwater come from in low-relief forested watersheds? A dual-isotope approach

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Klaus, Julian [Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Dept. Environmental Research and Innovation, Belvaux (Luxembourg)

    2015-01-01

    The time and geographic sources of streamwater in low-relief watersheds are poorly understood. This is partly due to the difficult combination of low runoff coefficients and often damped streamwater isotopic signals precluding traditional hydrograph separation and convolution integral approaches. Here we present a dual-isotope approach involving 18O and 2H of water in a low-angle forested watershed to determine streamwater source components and then build a conceptual model of streamflow generation. We focus on three headwater lowland sub-catchments draining the Savannah River Site in South Carolina, USA.

  9. Where does streamwater come from in low-relief forested watersheds? A dual-isotope approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klaus, Julian [Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST), Dept. Environmental Research and Innovation, Belvaux (Luxembourg)

    2015-01-01

    The time and geographic sources of streamwater in low-relief watersheds are poorly understood. This is partly due to the difficult combination of low runoff coefficients and often damped streamwater isotopic signals precluding traditional hydrograph separation and convolution integral approaches. Here we present a dual-isotope approach involving 18O and 2H of water in a low-angle forested watershed to determine streamwater source components and then build a conceptual model of streamflow generation. We focus on three headwater lowland sub-catchments draining the Savannah River Site in South Carolina, USA.

  10. Pressure Relief Devices for High-Pressure Gaseous Storage Systems: Applicability to Hydrogen Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostival, A.; Rivkin, C.; Buttner, W.; Burgess, R.

    2013-11-01

    Pressure relief devices (PRDs) are viewed as essential safety measures for high-pressure gas storage and distribution systems. These devices are used to prevent the over-pressurization of gas storage vessels and distribution equipment, except in the application of certain toxic gases. PRDs play a critical role in the implementation of most high-pressure gas storage systems and anyone working with these devices should understand their function so they can be designed, installed, and maintained properly to prevent any potentially dangerous or fatal incidents. As such, the intention of this report is to introduce the reader to the function of the common types of PRDs currently used in industry. Since high-pressure hydrogen gas storage systems are being developed to support the growing hydrogen energy infrastructure, several recent failure incidents, specifically involving hydrogen, will be examined to demonstrate the results and possible mechanisms of a device failure. The applicable codes and standards, developed to minimize the risk of failure for PRDs, will also be reviewed. Finally, because PRDs are a critical component for the development of a successful hydrogen energy infrastructure, important considerations for pressure relief devices applied in a hydrogen gas environment will be explored.

  11. Assessment of the Potential to Achieve very Low Energy Use in Public Buildings in China with Advanced Window and Shading Systems

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lee, Eleanor; Pang, Xiufeng; McNeil, Andrew; Hoffmann, Sabine; Thanachareonkit, Anothai; Li, Zhengrong; Ding, Yong

    2015-05-29

    As rapid growth in the construction industry continues to occur in China, the increased demand for a higher standard living is driving significant growth in energy use and demand across the country. Building codes and standards have been implemented to head off this trend, tightening prescriptive requirements for fenestration component measures using methods similar to the U.S. model energy code American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 90.1. The objective of this study is to (a) provide an overview of applicable code requirements and current efforts within China to enable characterization and comparison of window and shading products,more »and (b) quantify the load reduction and energy savings potential of several key advanced window and shading systems, given the divergent views on how space conditioning requirements will be met in the future. System-level heating and cooling loads and energy use performance were evaluated for a code-compliant large office building using the EnergyPlus building energy simulation program. Commercially-available, highly-insulating, low-emittance windows were found to produce 24%–66% lower perimeter zone HVAC electricity use compared to the mandated energy-efficiency standard in force (GB 50189-2005) in cold climates like Beijing. Low-e windows with operable exterior shading produced up to 30%–80% reductions in perimeter zone HVAC electricity use in Beijing and 18%–38% reductions in Shanghai compared to the standard. The economic context of China is unique since the cost of labor and materials for the building industry is so low. Broad deployment of these commercially available technologies with the proper supporting infrastructure for design, specification, and verification in the field would enable significant reductions in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in the near term.« less

  12. THE EFFECTS OF MAINTENANCE ACTIONS ON THE PFDavg OF SPRING OPERATED PRESSURE RELIEF VALVES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, S.; Gross, R.

    2014-04-01

    The safety integrity level (SIL) of equipment used in safety instrumented functions is determined by the average probability of failure on demand (PFDavg) computed at the time of periodic inspection and maintenance, i.e., the time of proof testing. The computation of PFDavg is generally based solely on predictions or estimates of the assumed constant failure rate of the equipment. However, PFDavg is also affected by maintenance actions (or lack thereof) taken by the end user. This paper shows how maintenance actions can affect the PFDavg of spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV) and how these maintenance actions may be accounted for in the computation of the PFDavg metric. The method provides a means for quantifying the effects of changes in maintenance practices and shows how these changes impact plant safety.

  13. The Effects of Maintenance Actions on the PFDavg of Spring Operated Pressure Relief Valves

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Harris, S.; Gross, R.; Goble, W; Bukowski, J

    2015-12-01

    The safety integrity level (SIL) of equipment used in safety instrumented functions is determined by the average probability of failure on demand (PFDavg) computed at the time of periodic inspection and maintenance, i.e., the time of proof testing. The computation of PFDavg is generally based solely on predictions or estimates of the assumed constant failure rate of the equipment. However, PFDavg is also affected by maintenance actions (or lack thereof) taken by the end user. This paper shows how maintenance actions can affect the PFDavg of spring operated pressure relief valves (SOPRV) and how these maintenance actions may be accountedmore »for in the computation of the PFDavg metric. The method provides a means for quantifying the effects of changes in maintenance practices and shows how these changes impact plant safety.« less

  14. Stress relief from reconstructions on SbSi,,001... Yao He, X. H. Zhang, and J. G. Che*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Che, Jingguang

    Stress relief from reconstructions on SbÕSi,,001... Yao He, X. H. Zhang, and J. G. Che* Surface; revised manuscript recieved 15 April 2002; published 11 November 2002 The structures and stress of the Sb)2 1 surface is found to be under a tensile stress of 1.0 eV/(1 1 cell along the dimer bond

  15. Environmental Assessment of Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    The Department of Energy has completed the Environmental Assessment (EA) of Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel and issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the proposed action. The EA and FONSI are enclosed for your information. The Department has decided to accept a limited number of spent nuclear fuel elements (409 elements) containing uranium that was enriched in the United States from eight research reactors in Austria, Denmark, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland. This action is necessary to maintain the viability of a major US nuclear weapons nonproliferation program to limit or eliminate the use of highly enriched uranium in civil programs. The purpose of the EA is to maintain the cooperation of the foreign research reactor operators with the nonproliferation program while a more extensive Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is prepared on a proposed broader policy involving the acceptance of up to 15,000 foreign research reactor spent fuel elements over a 10 to 15 year period. Based on an evaluation of transport by commercial container liner or chartered vessel, five eastern seaboard ports, and truck and train modes of transporting the spent fuel overland to the Savannah River Sits, the Department has concluded that no significant impact would result from any combination of port and made of transport. In addition, no significant impacts were found from interim storage of spent fuel at the Savannah River Site.

  16. Monitoring peak power and cooling energy savings of shade trees and white surfaces in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) service area: Project design and preliminary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, H.; Bretz, S.; Hanford, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Sailor, D.; Taha, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bos, W. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)

    1992-12-01

    Urban areas in warm climates create summer heat islands of daily average intensity of 3--5{degrees}C, adding to discomfort and increasing air-conditioning loads. Two important factors contributing to urban heat islands are reductions in albedo (lower overall city reflectance) and loss of vegetation (less evapotranspiration). Reducing summer heat islands by planting vegetation (shade trees) and increasing surface albedos, saves cooling energy, allows down-sizing of air conditioners, lowers air-conditioning peak demand, and reduces the emission of CO{sub 2} and other pollutants from electric power plants. The focus of this multi-year project, jointly sponsored by SMUD and the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), was to measure the direct cooling effects of trees and white surfaces (mainly roofs) in a few buildings in Sacramento. The first-year project was to design the experiment and obtain base case data. We also obtained limited post retrofit data for some sites. This report provides an overview of the project activities during the first year at six sites. The measurement period for some of the sites was limited to September and October, which are transitional cooling months in Sacramento and hence the interpretation of results only apply to this period. In one house, recoating the dark roof with a high-albedo coating rendered air conditioning unnecessary for the month of September (possible savings of up to 10 kWh per day and 2 kW of non-coincidental peak power). Savings of 50% relative to an identical base case bungalow were achieved when a school bungalow`s roof and southeast wall were coated with a high-albedo coating during the same period. Our measured data for the vegetation sites do not indicate conclusive results because shade trees were small and the cooling period was almost over. We need to collect more data over a longer cooling season in order to demonstrate savings conclusively.

  17. Where does streamwater come from in low-relief forested watersheds? A dual-isotope approach

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Klaus, J.; McDonnell, J. J.; Jackson, C. R.; Du, E.; Griffiths, N. A.

    2015-01-08

    The time and geographic sources of streamwater in low-relief watersheds are poorly understood. This is partly due to the difficult combination of low runoff coefficients and often damped streamwater isotopic signals precluding traditional hydrograph separation and convolution integral approaches. Here we present a dual-isotope approach involving 18O and 2H of water in a low-angle forested watershed to determine streamwater source components and then build a conceptual model of streamflow generation. We focus on three headwater lowland sub-catchments draining the Savannah River Site in South Carolina, USA. Our results for a 3-year sampling period show that the slopes of the meteoricmore »water lines/evaporation water lines (MWLs/EWLs) of the catchment water sources can be used to extract information on runoff sources in ways not considered before. Our dual-isotope approach was able to identify unique hillslope, riparian and deep groundwater, and streamflow compositions. Thus, the streams showed strong evaporative enrichment compared to the local meteoric water line (?2H = 7.15 · ?18O +9.28‰) with slopes of 2.52, 2.84, and 2.86. Based on the unique and unambiguous slopes of the EWLs of the different water cycle components and the isotopic time series of the individual components, we were able to show how the riparian zone controls baseflow in this system and how the riparian zone "resets" the stable isotope composition of the observed streams in our low-angle, forested watersheds. Although this approach is limited in terms of quantifying mixing percentages between different end-members, our dual-isotope approach enabled the extraction of hydrologically useful information in a region with little change in individual isotope time series.« less

  18. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sind Anlass fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen". Sie wenden sich vor allem an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sind Anlass Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 3/2014 Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. ARNOLD EUCKEN Abitur 1902 in Jena immatrikulierte er sich in Kiel in den Studienfächern Mathematik, Physik und Chemie

  19. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 1 An die Universität Jena wurde er 1922 als Nachfolger des zu früh verstorbenen Professors der Chemie und

  20. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 3 Institut für Organische Chemie und Makromolekulare Chemie (Humboldtstr. 10) von Peter Hallpap Die

  1. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 1/2012 Prof. Dr Chemie vertretungsweise wahrzunehmen."2 FRANZ HEIN wurde 1892 in eine künstlerisch ambitionierte Familie

  2. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 6/2014 100 Jahre Zeitschrift ,,Chemie der Erde" 1914 - 20141 von Klaus Heide und Peter Hallpap Drei wesentliche

  3. Aktuelle Jubilen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena sollen die Anlsse fr die in loser Folge erscheinenden ,,Chemiehistorischen Notizen" liefern, die sich vor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Aktuelle Jubiläen aus dem Bereich der Chemie an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena sollen die für die historische Entwicklung der Jenaer Chemie zu fördern. Chemiehistorische Notiz 1/20151 100 Reformrealgymnasium in Weimar und studierte ab 1934 Chemie, Physik und Physiologische Chemie an der Universität Jena

  4. Epidural Analgesia Versus Patient-Controlled Analgesia for Pain Relief in Uterine Artery Embolization for Uterine Fibroids: A Decision Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kooij, Sanne M. van der, E-mail: s.m.vanderkooij@amc.uva.nl; Moolenaar, Lobke M.; Ankum, Willem M. [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands)] [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands); Reekers, Jim A. [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)] [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Mol, Ben Willem J. [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands)] [Academic Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands); Hehenkamp, Wouter J. K. [VU University Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands)] [VU University Medical Centre, Department of Gynaecology (Netherlands)

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: This study was designed to compare the costs and effects of epidural analgesia (EDA) to those of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCA) for postintervention pain relief in women having uterine artery embolization (UAE) for systematic uterine fibroids. Methods: Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) based on data from the literature by constructing a decision tree to model the clinical pathways for estimating the effects and costs of treatment with EDA and PCA. Literature on EDA for pain-relief after UAE was missing, and therefore, data on EDA for abdominal surgery were used. Outcome measures were compared costs to reduce one point in visual analogue score (VAS) or numeric rating scale (NRS) for pain 6 and 24 h after UAE and risk for complications. Results: Six hours after the intervention, the VAS was 3.56 when using PCA and 2.0 when using EDA. The costs for pain relief in women undergoing UAE with PCA and EDA were Euro-Sign 191 and Euro-Sign 355, respectively. The costs for EDA to reduce the VAS score 6 h after the intervention with one point compared with PCA were Euro-Sign 105 and Euro-Sign 179 after 24 h. The risk of having a complication was 2.45 times higher when using EDA. Conclusions: The results of this indirect comparison of EDA for abdominal surgery with PCA for UAE show that EDA would provide superior analgesia for post UAE pain at 6 and 24 h but with higher costs and an increased risk of complications.

  5. Location Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    2013-06-27

    Map file package containing shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, major roads, railroads, and rivers. The inset map shows regional Paleozoic structural elements.

  6. Location Map

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Lane, Michael

    Map file package containing shaded relief base with Hot Pot project area, major roads, railroads, and rivers. The inset map shows regional Paleozoic structural elements.

  7. CRUISE REPORT USNS Henson (T-AGS-63)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    .........................................................................7 The Area: The US Atlantic Margin.....................................................................................51 Appendix 2. Cruise personnel shaded relief map of entire mapped area .............................................56 Color

  8. Multi-frequency study of supernova remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Confirmation of the supernova remnant status of DEM L205

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggi, P; Bozzetto, L M; Filipovi?, M D; Points, S D; Chu, Y -H; Sasaki, M; Pietsch, W; Gruendl, R A; Dickel, J; Smith, R C; Sturm, R; Crawford, E J; De Horta, A Y

    2012-01-01

    We present new X-ray and radio data of the LMC SNR candidate DEM L205, obtained by XMM-Newton and ATCA, along with archival optical and infrared observations. We use data at various wavelengths to study this object and its complex neighbourhood, in particular in the context of the star formation activity, past and present, around the source. We analyse the X-ray spectrum to derive some remnant's properties, such as age and explosion energy. Supernova remnant features are detected at all observed wavelengths: soft and extended X-ray emission is observed, arising from a thermal plasma with a temperature kT between 0.2 keV and 0.3 keV. Optical line emission is characterised by an enhanced [SII]/Halpha ratio and a shell-like morphology, correlating with the X-ray emission. The source is not or only tentatively detected at near-infrared wavelengths (< 10 microns), but there is a detection of arc-like emission at mid and far-infrared wavelengths (24 and 70 micron) that can be unambiguously associated with the re...

  9. Non destructive neutron diffraction measurements of cavities, inhomogeneities, and residual strain in bronzes of Ghiberti's relief from the Gates of Paradise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Festa, G.; Senesi, R.; Alessandroni, M.; Andreani, C.; Vitali, G.; Porcinai, S.; Giusti, A. M.; Materna, T.; Paradowska, A. M.

    2011-03-15

    Quantitative neutron studies of cultural heritage objects provide access to microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic structures in a nondestructive manner. In this paper we present a neutron diffraction investigation of a Ghiberti Renaissance gilded bronze relief devoted to the measurement of cavities and inhomogeneities in the bulk of the sample, along with the bulk phase composition and residual strain distribution. The quantitative measurements allowed the determination of the re-melting parts extension, as well as improving current knowledge about the manufacturing process. The study provides significant and unique information to conservators and restorators about the history of the relief.

  10. ESTIMATED SIL LEVELS AND RISK COMPARISONS FOR RELIEF VALVES AS A FUNCTION OF TIME-IN-SERVICE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, S.

    2012-03-26

    Risk-based inspection methods enable estimation of the probability of spring-operated relief valves failing on demand at the United States Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken, South Carolina. The paper illustrates an approach based on application of the Frechet and Weibull distributions to SRS and Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) Process Equipment Reliability Database (PERD) proof test results. The methodology enables the estimation of ANSI/ISA-84.00.01 Safety Integrity Levels (SILs) as well as the potential change in SIL level due to modification of the maintenance schedule. Current SRS practices are reviewed and recommendations are made for extending inspection intervals. The paper compares risk-based inspection with specific SILs as maintenance intervals are adjusted. Groups of valves are identified in which maintenance times can be extended as well as different groups in which an increased safety margin may be needed.

  11. Competitive a will have dem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    P ural communit adversity. are available, s in good stand ology, Emer ery and othe mmitted to m eds in Students or Program, gm meeting the eople and th Progra Mento All partic a faculty offered o network

  12. Das Kreuz auf dem Schlachtfeld 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidlin, A. [author

    2012-03-05

    .4.15. [Stamped] 1. Mobl. Landsturm-Inft.-Batl. Heidelberg, 2. Komp. [An] Frä ulein Maria Kolbe, Heidelberg, Kronprinzenstr. 28. Saarburg 11.....4.15. [Stamped] 1st Heidelberg Mobile Home Guard Infantry Battalion, 2nd Company. [To] Ms. Maria Kolbe, Heidelberg, Kronprinzenstr. 28. Saarburg...

  13. RELAP5/MOD3 assessment for calculation of safety and relief valve discharge piping hydrodynamic loads. International agreement report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stubbe, E.J.; VanHoenacker, L.; Otero, R.

    1994-02-01

    This report presents an assessment study for the use of the code RELAP 5/MOD3/5M5 in the calculation of transient hydrodynamic loads on safety and relief discharge pipes. Its predecessor, RELAP 5/MOD1, was found adequate for this kind of calculations by EPRI. The hydrodynamic loads are very important for the discharge piping design because of the fast opening of the valves and the presence of liquid in the upstream loop seals. The code results are compared to experimental load measurements performed at the Combustion Engineering Laboratory in Windsor (US). Those measurements were part of the PWR Valve Test Program undertaken by EPRI after the TMI-2 accident. This particular kind of transients challenges the applicability of the following code models: two-phase choked discharge; interphase drag in conditions with large density gradients; heat transfer to metallic structures in fast changing conditions; two-phase flow at abrupt expansions. The code applicability to this kind of transients is investigated. Some sensitivity analyses to different code and model options are performed. Finally, the suitability of the code and some modeling guidelines are discussed.

  14. Advanced Window and Shading Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL Advanced PetroleumDepartment| Department|Eleanor

  15. New protection scheme and pressure relief-valve staging of the LHC insulation vacuum enclosure following the 19th September 2008 incident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruikshank, P; Perin, A; Tavian, L

    2010-01-01

    This note defines the new protection scheme and the pressure relief valve staging of the LHC insulation vacuum enclosure which has to be implemented following the 19th September 2008 incident in the Sector 3-4. This note covers all the equipment located in the arcs, dispersion suppressors, matching sections and inner-triplets, including the QRL cryogenic line. As part of the machine will not be consolidated until the long shutdown scheduled after the first LHC operation years, a temporary protection scheme is also defined allowing a safe LHC operation at reduced beam energy.

  16. Debt dependency, debt relief, and macroeconomic policies: how does the structure of external and domestic debt affect the well being of a country?s citizenry? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jackie Rene

    2005-02-17

    -1 DEBT DEPENDENCY, DEBT RELIEF, AND MACROECONOMIC POLICIES: HOW DOES THE STRUCTURE OF EXTERNAL AND DOMESTIC DEBT AFFECT THE WELL BEING OF A COUNTRY?S CITIZENRY? A Dissertation by JACKIE R. BURNS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... THE STRUCTURE OF EXTERNAL AND DOMESTIC DEBT AFFECT THE WELL BEING OF A COUNTRY?S CITIZENRY? A Dissertation by JACKIE R. BURNS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  17. Coincident steam generator tube rupture and stuck-open safety relief valve carryover tests: MB-2 steam generator transient response test program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbett, K; Mendler, O J; Gardner, G C; Garnsey, R; Young, M Y

    1987-03-01

    In PWR steam generator tube rupture (SGTR) faults, a direct pathway for the release of radioactive fission products can exist if there is a coincident stuck-open safety relief valve (SORV) or if the safety relief valve is cycled. In addition to the release of fission products from the bulk steam generator water by moisture carryover, there exists the possibility that some primary coolant may be released without having first mixed with the bulk water - a process called primary coolant bypassing. The MB-2 Phase II test program was designed specifically to identify the processes for droplet carryover during SGTR faults and to provide data of sufficient accuracy for use in developing physical models and computer codes to describe activity release. The test program consisted of sixteen separate tests designed to cover a range of steady-state and transient fault conditions. These included a full SGTR/SORV transient simulation, two SGTR overfill tests, ten steady-state SGTR tests at water levels ranging from very low levels in the bundle up to those when the dryer was flooded, and three moisture carryover tests without SGTR. In these tests the influence of break location and the effect of bypassing the dryer were also studied. In a final test the behavior with respect to aerosol particles in a dry steam generator, appropriate to a severe accident fault, was investigated.

  18. EVALUATION OF SPRING OPERATED RELIEF VALVE MAINTENANCE INTERVALS AND EXTENSION OF MAINTENANCE TIMES USING A WEIBULL ANALYSIS WITH MODIFIED BAYESIAN UPDATING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, S.; Gross, R.; Mitchell, E.

    2011-01-18

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) spring operated pressure relief valve (SORV) maintenance intervals were evaluated using an approach provided by the American Petroleum Institute (API RP 581) for risk-based inspection technology (RBI). In addition, the impact of extending the inspection schedule was evaluated using Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS). The API RP 581 approach is characterized as a Weibull analysis with modified Bayesian updating provided by SRS SORV proof testing experience. Initial Weibull parameter estimates were updated as per SRS's historical proof test records contained in the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) Process Equipment Reliability Database (PERD). The API RP 581 methodology was used to estimate the SORV's probability of failing on demand (PFD), and the annual expected risk. The API RP 581 methodology indicates that the current SRS maintenance plan is conservative. Cost savings may be attained in certain mild service applications that present low PFD and overall risk. Current practices are reviewed and recommendations are made for extending inspection intervals. The paper gives an illustration of the inspection costs versus the associated risks by using API RP 581 Risk Based Inspection (RBI) Technology. A cost effective maintenance frequency balancing both financial risk and inspection cost is demonstrated.

  19. Studien in dem Romanstil Otto Ludwigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trovillo, Bessie

    1910-01-01

    Richter und Ohms be­ deutend. In 1844 ging er zum letzten MalC nach Leipsig, wo er einige Monate blieb; nachher ging er nach Meissen zurück wo er im Jahre 1352Aeiner achtjährigen Verlobung (^ ac^ l Emilie Winkler heiratete und mit ihr in glücklichster... zueilte, als die Alte sich davon entfernte.n S. 233. — "Die Leut sind nix, wie so ein verwünschter Fieberhund." S. 246. — (Kurator) "Er war das lebendige Tokalblatt de£ Städtchens." S. 251. •— "Der dicke Meister sah aus wie die gesegnete Mahlzeit...

  20. Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectroscopy (DEMS) > Analytical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you were lookingAbout thisVehicles and FuelsResources

  1. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program. evaluation of the rehabilitation program for relief wells at Leesville dam, Ohio. Final report, May 1986-June 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, R.E.; Hackett, G.

    1992-09-01

    At a relief well and drainage system rehabilitation workshop held in April 1985, it was determined that maintenance methods varied between Districts and that no attempt had been made to document results versus the method used. The Huntington District was planning the rehabilitation of 12 wells at Leesville Dam, Ohio, and agreed to use a composite of the various common Corps of Engineer (CE) cleaning methods along with the extra verification procedures needed to document the results. Therefore, the objectives of the study were to document a commonly used CE well rehabilitation procedure, to provide the needed pre- and post-verification data, and to evaluate the results. For the study, encrustant, bacterial, and water analyses were conducted for use in planning the rehabilitation procedure. Recommended procedures and the final selected procedures for rehabilitation are presented. Planning criteria required that the chemicals be industry accepted and commonly used with economics being the final governing factor. The procedure used at this site incorporated a long linear phosphate and sodium hypochlorite as chemicals with mechanical agitation using a surge block. Several factors were considered during the evaluation: (a) the lake level was lowered between some of the pre- and post-pump tests; (b) there was no bacterial growth in two wells; and (c) there were hydrogeologic boundary conditions that altered groundwater quality, flow, and available bacterial nutrients from well to well. Although there were immediate benefits, post-bacterial analysis showed regrowth had started within 4 months of the rehabilitation. There was no as installed specific capacity on record to evaluate overall results.

  2. Landscaping for Shade | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    roots and stronger branches, they are less prone to breakage by windstorms or heavy snow loads. Slow-growing trees can also be more drought resistant than fast-growing trees....

  3. Rolling, Rolling, Rolling: Roller Window Shades

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There's a lot of talk these days about installing new energy-efficient windows. Thanks to a Federal tax credit of up to $1,500, window advertisements, both print and radio and TV broadcasting, are aplenty.

  4. Carpe Diem: Install Insulated Roman Shades

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As I mentioned in yesterday's blog, I had insulated window quilts installed on most of my home's windows.

  5. Landscaping for Shade | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | InternationalLand and Asset Transfer forfor»

  6. Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

  7. Rapid Relief: A Prefabricated Response 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gohmert, Brent Cole

    2013-02-06

    of prefabricated construction techniques with the utilization of Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology into the rebuild phase that would proceed throughout the entire duration of disaster recovery, starting with the immediate respondents. My research...

  8. Probabilistic analysis and operational data in response to NUREG-0737, Item II. K. 3. 2 for Westinghouse NSSS plants. [Modifications to reduce LOCA due to stuck-open power-operated relief valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, D.C.; Gottshall, C.L.

    1981-02-01

    This report describes various modifications to Westinghouse plants since TMI and, using probabilistic analysis via event trees, estimates the effect of the post-TMI changes, including an automatic (PORV) (power operated relief valve) isolation concept identified in NUREG-0731 item II.K.3.1. The requested safety valve operational data is included as an appendix. A significant reduction in the frequency of a small break LOCA, due to a stuck open PORV has already been achieved by the modifications made subsequent to TMI. Domestic Westinghouse operating plant data (based on 181 reactor years of operation) has been collected and evaluated. An auto block valve closure system has been evaluated. The analysis is generally applicable to all Westinghouse plants which have incorporated the post-TMI hardware and procedural changes relative to stuck-open PORVs.

  9. Zur Theorie der Manganate Auf dem Weg zu neuer Elektronik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    .07.06 1 / 19 #12;Ausblick 1 Einleitung Magnetismus Spintronics Manganate 2 Theoretische Bearbeitung Modell Manganate Lise-Meitner-Feier 20.07.06 2 / 19 #12;Ausblick 1 Einleitung Magnetismus Spintronics Manganate 2 Magnetismus Spintronics Manganate 2 Theoretische Bearbeitung Modell L¨osung des Modells Ergebnisse und

  10. EXOTICPEST ALERT Horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Desch. & Dem.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trees, Aesculus hippocastanum, in the London Borough of Wimbledon in July 2002. Signs of adult moth transportation, particularly of infested leaves accidentally carried on vehicles. Recognising the Symptoms

  11. Natural Neighbor Interpolation Based Grid DEM Construction Using a GPU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Pankaj K.

    -1-4503-0031-5 ...$10.00. seen in a simple flood mapping application. Figure 1(b,c) shows the result of the flood risk of the perimeter dike, this feature is not present in low- or mid-resolution grids. Thus, when flood maps

  12. Auf dem TU-Campus treffen sich 131 Nationen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    students 15 22 Sprachen 344Verträge... Stichtag: 31. Oktober 2014 VR China Türkei Polen ... sind im TU

  13. ERSTES BUCH. In dem Palatium des groen Kaisers Theodosius zu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodinger, Helmut

    - bohrte? Hei, gothischer Speer bricht römischen Schild! Nicht du könntest stärker werfen!« »Vielleicht vergeß es nicht! Wie du neulich meinen Speer, der den Zielring der Scheibe ge- troffen, mit deiner Lanze- traulich an seine Schulter lehnend: »Uf! Macht Speer- werfen heiß in diesem schönen, aber schwülen Land! Oh

  14. Title: Canadian Digital Elevation Model (DEM) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon Keywords (Subject): Contours, Digital Elevation

  15. Design and implementation of a relief interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leithinger, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Tangible representations of virtual content allow for sensory-rich interactions with computers through real-world objects. However, these objects are commonly static handles, with limited capabilities to present changing ...

  16. Advanced Window and Shading Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shanghai facility, where LBNL is field testing comercialized electrochromic windows. Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA Partners: --...

  17. Effects of Storage Container Color and Shading on Water Temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, James Brent

    2012-07-16

    of the middle storage container block ........................................................................................................... 16 5 Mean water temperature inside storage containers painted with different colors kept at varying... of every organism together, while giving that organism flexibility and structure. Water is the universal solvent, carrying oxygen, nutrients, and other important chemicals needed by organisms. Water moderates the earth?s temperature, allowing life...

  18. Enlightening Medicago truncatula transformation and shading GFP fluorescence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xin

    2005-11-01

    cotyledons of most transgenic M. truncatula lines, silencing of the GUS expression from the phas promoter was observed in several lines, indicating the occurrence of novel epigenetic events. The diminution of GFP fluorescence in transgenic M. truncatula...

  19. TWO SIMPLE TOOLS FOR DESIGN OF FIXED SHADES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawrocki, Dave

    2013-01-01

    total amount of direct solar power incident upon the open-and total incident direct solar power (the three righthand70.6 MBtu/day of incident solar power during 21 January and

  20. SHADING CALCULATIONS FOR THE BIG DISH Jeff Cumpston1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], building the 'SG4' 500m2 Big Dish solar paraboloidal concentrator for solar-thermal to electric energy into an array of a specific shape with a pre-defined energy transport network was simulated for a site location of the energy transport network pipe length. Results shows that dish separations can be altered to reduce pipe

  1. TWO SIMPLE TOOLS FOR DESIGN OF FIXED SHADES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawrocki, Dave

    2013-01-01

    our interest in developing solar design tools which are bothKammerud Passive Solar Analysis and Design Group Lawrencein preliminary design to achieve acceptable levels of solar

  2. Highly insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performance of static prototype windows is within 0.03 Btuhr-ft2F (NFRC tolerance) of design specifications 09302014 2. Operational prototype that is autonomous, networked,...

  3. Highly insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to utility meter, home automation, thermostat, internet data, etc Pella Windows Target MarketAudience: Initial design is focused on window manufacturers targeting residential,...

  4. TWO SIMPLE TOOLS FOR DESIGN OF FIXED SHADES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawrocki, Dave

    2013-01-01

    Chart: Climate and Building Data The Passive Solar Group atPassive solar and conservation retrofits are planned for a light industrial building

  5. Highly Insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    sensormicroprocessor package that is easily installed and calibrated. Control algorithms will be developed that focus on maximum energy savings, while keeping occupants...

  6. NREL: Technology Deployment - Remote Shading Tool Has Potential to Reduce

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial ToolkitSMARTS -Being Replicated AcrossSolar Soft Costs by

  7. Microenvironmental Control and Thermal Barrier Curtains/Shades for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture | Center forDioxideFirst

  8. Highly Insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (JournalvivoHigh energyHighland View school HighlandHydrogen and

  9. Highly Insulating Residential Windows Using Smart Automated Shading |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcomingcanGrid Integrationheat pumpJackDepartment of

  10. Advanced Window and Shading Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3AUDITLeslie Pezzullo OfficeDepartment ofAdvanced

  11. A study of physiological responses of lactating dairy cows to summer climatic factors under shaded and non-shaded conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Dewey Lynn

    1958-01-01

    &SZ S XD"D A LD?Oil-S'1AD. . D COliDITIOllS A Ti'esLs Deci~~I L, "!~1 . 1AKIIS Appx'o~"eel 89 i, o 8 'Ie 8. :6 ec'. "eA' t 0 al h E Hi Ic i INTRODUCTION REVIEM OF THE LITERATURE EXPErRZ JACAL PROCEDURE 3 24 Nultiple Regressiou Analysis... rigation, and storage of forages grown during the milder seasons. Unfo. tuna"ely, progress in the study of the adverse efi'acts of "hot" cliia'es ac'lng directly on the animals has not been as iWzitful. Sires mosi Gl the high pr oducing dairy breeds have...

  12. An hourly-based performance comparison of an integrated micro-structural perforated shading screen with standard shading systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    fenestration system (CFS). The challenge is to evaluatean interconnected context for CFS performance, since some ofdesign criteria for widows and CFS in modern buildings are:

  13. An hourly-based performance comparison of an integrated micro-structural perforated shading screen with standard shading systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    complex fenestration systems, Solar Energy, submitted foron prismatic glazing, Solar Energy 74 (2003) 157–173. [13]of glazings and windows, Solar Energy 69 (Suppl. 1–6) (2000)

  14. Expandable house : for disaster relief and flexible dwelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Mimi Ho

    2012-01-01

    In March 2011, a devastating earthquake and tsunami struck northern Japan. In addition to the lives lost, thousands of people were dislocated, resulting in an urgent need for housing. My approach is to design the Expandable ...

  15. Transitional relief housing for tsunami victims of Tamil Nadu, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Shauna

    2006-01-01

    In the wake of the recent tsunami that swept across Asia, there is a dire need to salvage and rebuild the lives and livelihoods that were swept away. The aim of this thesis project is to design and model a transitional ...

  16. Non-reclosing pressure relief device for vacuum systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swansiger, W.A.

    1994-02-08

    A non-reclosing overpressure protection device such as a rupture disc provides a non-reclosing opening upon forcible contact with a knife blade. A bellows, having an inlet capable of being sealably connected to a source of pressure (the vacuum system) and an outlet containing the rupture disc, transmits the pressure in the system to the disc. The bellows maintains the disc away from the knife when the pressure is below an overpressure amount, and carries the disc to a position when the pressure is above an overpressure amount where the disc is ruptured by the knife. 6 figures.

  17. Lights, camera, emergency : preemptive planning for disaster relief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Erica A

    2010-01-01

    With increasing frequency and accuracy, the prediction of natural disasters and their effects are being charted. Their impendence is a certainty and yet we ignore the warnings, the lessons of the past, and the prominence ...

  18. Before, Now, and After: Assessing Hurricane Katrina Relief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, David A; Forgette, Richard; Dettry, Bryan; Van Boening, Mark

    2009-01-01

    University Press. Haines, V. , Beggs, J. , & Hurlbert, J. (8, 269–292. Hurlbert, J. , Beggs, J. , & Haines, V. (2005).standingkatrina.ssrc.org/Hurlbert_Beggs_Haines/. Hurlbert,

  19. Science Against Stress: Research Shows Way to Some Cellular Relief...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to produce so it can carry out a specific task -- whether that task be day-to-day or damage control. Stresses on a cell, even low doses of radiation, can damage DNA, obscuring...

  20. A Stochastic Optimization Model for Designing Last Mile Relief ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birbil

    2015-06-15

    Manufacturing Systems/Industrial Engineering Program, Sabanc? University, Istanbul, .... our knowledge, have not been considered in a stochastic setting before.

  1. Women in Relief. 'Double Consciousness' in Classical Attic Tombstones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    2002-01-01

    The classical Greek cemetery was a women's space. The tombstones were often decorated with idealized portraits of the women buried below; other women are also often depicted, and inscriptions give names and qualities. A living woman, tending...

  2. A Personification of Demos on a New Attic Document Relief 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glowacki, Kevin

    2003-01-01

    , while on yet another (NM 1482; Fig. 11), a figure probably to be identi- fied as Demos stands near the center of the composition, directly interact- ing with the honorand, while Athena observes from behind.23 A slightly less secure identification....v. Demos (O. Tzachou-Alexandri); Meyer 1989, p. 304, no. A138, pl. 35:1; Tzachou- Alexandri 1994, p. 67; Lawton 1995a, p. 154, no. 172, pl. 89; Smith 1997, pp. 220–221, no. DR33. 23. Athens, National Museum 1482 (318/7 b.c.). Found in the Late Roman...

  3. Stress relief cracking in creep resisting low alloy ferritic steels.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tait, Robert Andrew

    1976-10-26

    good creep strengthening in these low alloy steels. As a result of this work, it has been established that the above view is both inaccurate and misleading. Most of the experiments were performed on two samples of commercially produced 1/2Cr 1/2Mo 1...

  4. Pressure Relief Valves Harris, S. [Villanova University, Villanova...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gross, R. Exida LLC, Sellersville PA, (United States); Goble, W Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS), Aiken, SC (United States); Bukowski, J Savannah River Site...

  5. Overview of the Federal Offshore Royalty Relief Program

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    This special report briefly explains the set of laws that govern royalty payments for federal offshore oil and natural gas production.

  6. Before, Now, and After: Assessing Hurricane Katrina Relief

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, David A; Forgette, Richard; Dettry, Bryan; Van Boening, Mark

    2009-01-01

    to a disaster. Keywords Hurricane Katrina Disaster reliefto most measures, Hurricane Katrina was the greatest naturalfor policy in response to Hurricane Katrina. Presented at

  7. Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium de ProvenceSolar JumpSloan, New York:Sluneta sro

  8. Pressure Relief Devices for Compressed Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel Containers |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrderNATIONAL CHAIRSEnergyPresidential Rank AwardsDepartment of

  9. Science Against Stress: Research Shows Way to Some Cellular Relief |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesA TokenCommercialSTEMSarahDepartment of Energy

  10. Window Attachments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Roller shade Solar screen Drapes Louvered blinds Roller shades Surface applied film Cellular shade Window quilt Seasonal film kit Louvered blinds Roller shades Solar screens...

  11. SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE ILIAMNA VOLCANO, ALASKA, USING ASTER TIR, SRTM DEM, AND AEROMAGNETIC DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas at risk for slope failure, which correlate well to the geologic field studies. These scripts can. al. 1997). These seismic stations work well but require maintenance; after the 1996 seismic swarm risk. Many of these volcanoes will be mapped geologically for the first time during the set up

  12. DEM-PM Contact Model with Multi-Step Tangential Contact Displacement History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negrut, Dan

    of accurately reproducing results from physical tests typical of the field of geomechanics. In the appendices- lems in granular flow dynamics and quasi-static geomechanics applications. The so-called Constraint-called Penalty Method (PM) or soft-body ap- proach, generally favored within the geomechanics community [4], can

  13. CFD-DEM modelling of two-phase pneumatic conveying with experimental validation. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebrahimi, Mohammadreza

    2014-11-27

    A wide range of industrial processes involve multiphase granular flows. These include catalytic reactions in fluidized beds, the pneumatic conveying of raw materials and gas-particle separators. Due to the complex nature ...

  14. Grain sedimentation with SPH-DEM and its validation Martin Robinson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luding, Stefan

    , Lausanne, Switzerland Abstract. Our mesoscale simulation method [M. Robinson, S. Luding, and M. Ramaioli this is infeasible and it becomes necessary to use unre- solved, or mesoscale fluid simulations. Such a mesoscale-particle simulations at the mesoscale are often given the term Discrete Particle Models (DPM). These models fully

  15. Grundlagen II: Variablen, Werte, Typen, Strukturen Softwareentwicklungspraktikum "Python mit dem Raspberry Pi"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raspberry Pi" (WiSe 2015/2016) Clemens Schefels Lehr- und Forschungseinheit f¨ur Programmier- und;Dictionary Beispiele f¨ur Schl¨ussel/Wert Paare 1 >>> abkuerzung = {"Raspi" : "Raspberry Pi", 2 "S2: 2 print("Hallo Raspberry") 20 / 37 #12;Schleifen ­ Programmbeispiel Programm-Beispiel Beispiel

  16. FOREDUNE CLASSIFICATION AND STORM RESPONSE: AUTOMATED ANALYSIS OF TERRESTRIAL LIDAR DEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ) are presented, and suggest that man- made and recovering dunes lost more volume and eroded more rapidly when-growth, are therefore critical to evaluating the vulnerability of coastal communities. The landfall of Hurricane Sandy

  17. Aus dem Institut fur Neuro-und Bioinformatik der Universitat zu Lubeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Würtz, Rolf P.

    to the university without issuing reproaches. Thanks go also to Werner Brand who proofread the German appendix

  18. Web Service for Extracting Stream Networks from DEM Data , I. Molloyc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepinski, Tomasz F.

    , T. Stepinskid a Department of Geography, Northern Illinois Univeristy, DeKlab, IL 60115; b Center machine with locally owned software makes it time-consuming and expensive to process and analyze large as a Web Service within the framework of GeoBrain, an open, interoperable, distributed, standard

  19. Dynamic simulations of geologic materials using combined FEM/DEM/SPH analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, J P; Johnson, S M

    2008-03-26

    An overview of the Lawrence Discrete Element Code (LDEC) is presented, and results from a study investigating the effect of explosive and impact loading on geologic materials using the Livermore Distinct Element Code (LDEC) are detailed. LDEC was initially developed to simulate tunnels and other structures in jointed rock masses using large numbers of polyhedral blocks. Many geophysical applications, such as projectile penetration into rock, concrete targets, and boulder fields, require a combination of continuum and discrete methods in order to predict the formation and interaction of the fragments produced. In an effort to model this class of problems, LDEC now includes implementations of Cosserat point theory and cohesive elements. This approach directly simulates the transition from continuum to discontinuum behavior, thereby allowing for dynamic fracture within a combined finite element/discrete element framework. In addition, there are many application involving geologic materials where fluid-structure interaction is important. To facilitate solution of this class of problems a Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) capability has been incorporated into LDEC to simulate fully coupled systems involving geologic materials and a saturating fluid. We will present results from a study of a broad range of geomechanical problems that exercise the various components of LDEC in isolation and in tandem.

  20. ZEUS-Experiment Abbildung 31: Ausbau des letzten Urankalorimetermoduls aus dem ZEUS Detektor im

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reprocessing Im Herbst 2008 wurden die gesamten in der HERA- II-Periode aufgenommenen Daten neu prozessiert, ins- gesamt fast eine halbe Milliarde ep-Streuereignisse. Mit diesem sogenannten Grand Reprocessing

  1. Double-band Electrode Channel Flow DEMS Cell > Research Highlights >

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you wereDisclaimers WelcomeResearch > The Energy

  2. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    lighting for work. Applied Ergonomics, 37(4), 461-466. doi:in Buildings. ” Applied Ergonomics, 3(4), 206-215. 29.in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety I: Proceedings of the

  3. Robust Photo-topography by Fusing Shape-from-Shading and Stereo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Clay Matthew

    1993-02-01

    Methods for fusing two computer vision methods are discussed and several example algorithms are presented to illustrate the variational method of fusing algorithms. The example algorithms seek to determine planet ...

  4. Software-Hardware Co-Defined Network Switch (SHADES) for a Label Switching Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karadeniz, Turhan

    2015-01-01

    4.2.1 The Switch Fabric . . . . . . . . . . .of a Network-on-Chip Based Load Balancing Switch Fabric 4.15.3 MRG Based Switch Fabric Architecture . . . . . . . .

  5. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    cnrc.gc.ca/eng/projects/irc/daysim.html 58. Reinhart, C.www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc48669/nrcc48669.pdfwww.nrc- cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc47631/nrcc47631.

  6. Near-Optimal, Dynamic Module Reconfiguration in a Photovoltaic System to Combat Partial Shading Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    reduces the cost of the PV system due to sharing of the charger among PV modules. We call such a structure (PV) systems since it can result in a significant output power degradation for the system. A PV system is organized as a series connection of PV modules, each module comprising of a number of series

  7. Cultivation of maize landraces by small-scale shade coffee farmers in western El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    planted with the improved variety. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the strongest drivers of farm, and the maintenance of maize landraces have been well-studied, particularly among subsistence farmers in Mexico, maize

  8. Daylighting and solar shading performances of an innovative automated reflective louver system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman

    2014-08-07

    follows initial investigations into the design and applicability of an automated retrofitted panel thermal shutters which can also act as a sunshade and daylighting system. The system has a patented function which allows each shutter...

  9. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    What drives ENR's cost indexes. Engineering News-Record, MSWhat drives ENR's cost indexes. Engineering News-Record, 25.based on the Building Cost Index (BCI), computed based on a

  10. Perception, 1994, volume 23, pages 191-200 Shape from shading. II. Geodesic bisection and alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Alan

    transformation which is unavailable in a representa- tional system like Marr and Nishihara's 2.5-D sketch (Marr that envisaged by Marr and Nishihara (1978), Barrow and Tenenbaum (1978), and Horn (1975). Subjects find great of its utility as well as its adequacy. One advantage of a representation of the kind envisaged by Marr

  11. Energy, Shading and Daylighting Analysis for the Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holder, L. M. III; Holder, L. M. IV

    2002-01-01

    Our firm was under contract with the City of Austin, Texas to perform energy analysis and analysis of the daylighting potential within the New Austin Bergstrom International Airport Terminal. Design of the Passenger Terminal Facility for the New...

  12. Regulation of benthic algal and animal communities by salt marsh plants: Impact of shading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcraft, Christine R.; Levin, Lisa A.

    2007-01-01

    of marine wetland microalgae and photosyn- thetic bacteria:concentrating mechanisms in microalgae. Canadian Journal ofalterni?ora and benthic microalgae in salt marsh food webs:

  13. CHANGES IN SHADE, COLOR, AND PATTERN IN FISHES, AND THEIR BEARING ON THE PROBLEMS OF ADAPTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 Black and white background, artificial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 191 Colored background, artificial Experiments (B), light from above relatively stronger than normal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Vision

  14. Shading and Cooling: Impacts of Solar Control and Windows on Indoor Airflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hildebrand, Penapa Wankaeo

    2012-01-01

    1994.  Passive and low energy cooling of buildings.  New used passive cooling  strategy in  building design.  Today, 

  15. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    implementing a number of passive building design strategies38,500 ft 2 Passive design strategies Building massing andof passive design strategies, including proper building

  16. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    Eucalyptus). and large- scale coffee, Eucalyptus and tea plantations asto local informants, Eucalyptus plantations grew mainly

  17. Biodiversity And Livelihoods In Southwestern Ethiopia: Forest Loss And Prospects For Conservation In Shade Coffee Agroecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshete, Getachew Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    do you think are the consequences of LULC changes on EGS?Effect Yes/N Particular EGS ic groups o affected affectedIII. CONSUMPTION AND MARKETING OF EGS 10. Consumption and

  18. Regulation of benthic algal and animal communities by salt marsh plants: Impact of shading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcraft, Christine R.; Levin, Lisa A.

    2007-01-01

    Bertness, M. D. , and S. D. Hacker. 1994. Physical stressGallagher 1971, Bertness and Hacker 1994) and algal growth (ecosystem (Bertness and Hacker 1994). In our experiment,

  19. Impact of Fixed Exterior Shading on Daylighting: A Case Study of the David Brower Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna

    2011-01-01

    data in a tabular format developed at the Solar EnergyEnergy Laboratory’s website: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/Energy Laboratory. Retrieved from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/

  20. Software-Hardware Co-Defined Network Switch (SHADES) for a Label Switching Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karadeniz, Turhan

    2015-01-01

    Kazemian, Mart Haitjema, Neda Beheshti, Stephen Stuart, andQueued Switch. 2000. [70] Neda Beheshti, Yashar Ganjali,

  1. Shades of Perfection in Perfect Liquids | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    produced at the LHC. This finding defies intuition as conventional liquids, such as oil, flow more easily the hotter they get. The Impact These results help answer questions...

  2. Wayward as the Minnehaha with her moods of shade and sunshine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgan, Susan, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    In a world which is increasingly occularcentric, architecture has the opportunity to reinvigorate experience with designs based on the perceptual systems of the human body. In comparison with the sense organs of other ...

  3. Implications of mountain shading on calculating energy for snowmelt using unstructured

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiteri, Raymond J.

    of the world, snowmelt energetics are dominated by solar irradiance. This is particularly the case in the Canadian Rocky Moun- tains, where clear skies dominate the winter and spring. In mountains, solar irradiance at the snow surface is not only affected by solar angles, atmospheric transmittance, and the slope

  4. Solar Easement and the Solar Shade Control Act | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher iSlide 1 More Documents &1000 Independence<ADepartment ofWake of1

  5. Iowa Shade Trees Bring Energy Bills Down, Beauty Up | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nA Guide toIMPROVEMENTGDLB-115)CommentsDepartmentinEnergyused asVolunteers

  6. How Do You Shade Your Home in the Summer? | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofofWindUpcomingcanGrid IntegrationheatGEsome ways you can use

  7. A Little Shade Can Go a Long Way | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers atDay 12: Drive5 EnergyFuture |SIDE1Ais my favorite

  8. The effects of digital elevation model resolution on the calculation and predictions of topographic wetness indices.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drover, Damion, Ryan

    2011-12-01

    One of the largest exports in the Southeast U.S. is forest products. Interest in biofuels using forest biomass has increased recently, leading to more research into better forest management BMPs. The USDA Forest Service, along with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of Georgia and Oregon State University are researching the impacts of intensive forest management for biofuels on water quality and quantity at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. Surface runoff of saturated areas, transporting excess nutrients and contaminants, is a potential water quality issue under investigation. Detailed maps of variable source areas and soil characteristics would therefore be helpful prior to treatment. The availability of remotely sensed and computed digital elevation models (DEMs) and spatial analysis tools make it easy to calculate terrain attributes. These terrain attributes can be used in models to predict saturated areas or other attributes in the landscape. With laser altimetry, an area can be flown to produce very high resolution data, and the resulting data can be resampled into any resolution of DEM desired. Additionally, there exist many maps that are in various resolutions of DEM, such as those acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey. Problems arise when using maps derived from different resolution DEMs. For example, saturated areas can be under or overestimated depending on the resolution used. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of DEM resolution on the calculation of topographic wetness indices used to predict variable source areas of saturation, and to find the best resolutions to produce prediction maps of soil attributes like nitrogen, carbon, bulk density and soil texture for low-relief, humid-temperate forested hillslopes. Topographic wetness indices were calculated based on the derived terrain attributes, slope and specific catchment area, from five different DEM resolutions. The DEMs were resampled from LiDAR, which is a laser altimetry remote sensing method, obtained from the USDA Forest Service at Savannah River Site. The specific DEM resolutions were chosen because they are common grid cell sizes (10m, 30m, and 50m) used in mapping for management applications and in research. The finer resolutions (2m and 5m) were chosen for the purpose of determining how finer resolutions performed compared with coarser resolutions at predicting wetness and related soil attributes. The wetness indices were compared across DEMs and with each other in terms of quantile and distribution differences, then in terms of how well they each correlated with measured soil attributes. Spatial and non-spatial analyses were performed, and predictions using regression and geostatistics were examined for efficacy relative to each DEM resolution. Trends in the raw data and analysis results were also revealed.

  9. Thermochronologic constraints on the late Cenozoic exhumation history of the Gurla Mandhata metamorphic core complex, Southwestern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCallister, Andrew T.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Murphy, M. A.; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.

    2014-02-01

    300 Kilometers Indus -Yalu Suture Bangong -Nujiang Suture Jinsha Su t ure MFT ATF Tarim basin Qaidam basin Qiangtang terrane Lhasa terrane Himalaya Songpan-Ganzi terrane KF JF YGR HF GMD NLR SLR TKG TYC KCF CR PQX ADM LPD NQT GLR Lhasa LC LNG GCF... RPF BCFZB LK Normal Fault Strike-Slip Fault Thrust Fault Suture Zone 1:7,000,000 scale 80° E 85° E 90° E 95° E 30° N 35° N Figure 1. Shaded relief map of the Tibetan plateau showing the distribution of active faults. Thrust faults are red, normal...

  10. Nr. 184 / 2011 // 24. Oktober 2011 Erfolgreicher FAN-Abschluss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmann, G. Matthias

    von Stoffdatenmodellen auf dem Gebiet des Organic Rankine Cycle mit dem VDI-Preis ausgezeichnet. Dipl

  11. 1/4Peter Debye Nobelpreis fr Chemie 1936www.nobelpreis.uzh.ch/debye.html traditionellen Frhlingsfest, dem Sech-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    1/4Peter Debye ­ Nobelpreis für Chemie 1936www.nobelpreis.uzh.ch/debye.html traditionellen Moleküle gibt, die permanente elektri- sche Dipole sind. Das «Dipolmoment» Nobelpreis für Chemie 1936 «für für Chemie 1936 Der Leonardo der Physik April 1914: Mit grossen Feierlichkei- ten eröffnet die

  12. Shades of gray : race, class and coalition building in the fight to save New Orleans' public housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilch, Rachel Meredith

    2007-01-01

    To what extent does the opposition to planned demolition of New Orleans' public housing engage leadership and participation across race and class lines? In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, the Housing Authority of New Orleans ...

  13. Removing Shading Distortions in Camera-based Document Images Using Inpainting and Surface Fitting With Radial Basis Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    . In partic- ular, when capturing documents of non-planar geometric shapes, we often receive images containing to identify the words correctly and in the right sequence. To obtain a good recognition rate, it is necessary to correct both distortions on images of warped art mate- rials [3]. The method produces good results

  14. Different Shades of Change: Historic Districts in Los Angeles and their Impact on Gentrification and Neighborhood Trends.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorska, Karolina Maria

    2015-01-01

    Park Lake To Reopen With Eco-Friendly Improvements. ” KCET.lake-to-reopen-with-eco-friendly-improvements.html. Lash,

  15. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konis, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    adjustment (e.g. , "winter, "equinox," "summer") to not biasdeg) BA (deg) BA (deg) Height above floor (m) winter equinoxwinter equinox :summer Interior Systems reference-VB split-

  16. Effect of smoke on subcanopy shaded light, canopy temperature, and carbon dioxide uptake in an Amazon rainforest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doughty, C. E.; Flanner, M. G.; Goulden, M. L.

    2010-01-01

    1997), Measuring and modeling carbon dioxide and water vaportechnique for evalu- ating carbon dioxide exchange rates ofof ecosystem?scale carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy

  17. Two operational modes in the perception of shape from shading revealed by the effects of edge information in slant settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, P.; Schofield, A. J

    2012-01-01

    Vision Research, 36, 2351–2367. Marr, D. (1982). Vision: Asuch as shadows and highlights (Marr, 1982). Edges caused byRusinkiewicz, 2004; Malik, 1987; Marr, 1982). Edges due to

  18. Ready to Retrofit: The Process of Project Team Selection, Building Benchmarking, and Financing Commercial Building Energy Retrofit Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Mark D.

    2014-01-01

    dynamic shading, and demand response) ? Instrumentation oftechnologies for demand response ? Plug load- and device-dynamic   shading,   demand   response,   etc. ).   •  

  19. Residual stress relief due to fatigue in tetragonal lead zirconate titanate ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, D. A.; Mori, T. [School of Materials, University of Manchester, Grosvenor St., Manchester M1 7HS (United Kingdom); Comyn, T. P. [Institute for Materials Research, Woodhouse Lane, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Ringgaard, E. [Meggitt Sensing Systems, Hejreskovvej 18A, 3490 Kvistgaard (Denmark); Wright, J. P. [ESRF, 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, BP-220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

    2013-07-14

    High energy synchrotron XRD was employed to determine the lattice strain {epsilon}{l_brace}111{r_brace}and diffraction peak intensity ratio R{l_brace}200{r_brace}in tetragonal PZT ceramics, both in the virgin poled state and after a bipolar fatigue experiment. It was shown that the occurrence of microstructural damage during fatigue was accompanied by a reduction in the gradient of the {epsilon}{l_brace}111{r_brace}-cos{sup 2} {psi} plot, indicating a reduction in the level of residual stress due to poling. In contrast, the fraction of oriented 90 Degree-Sign ferroelectric domains, quantified in terms of R{l_brace}200{r_brace}, was not affected significantly by fatigue. The change in residual stress due to fatigue is interpreted in terms of a change in the average elastic stiffness of the polycrystalline matrix due to the presence of inter-granular microcracks.

  20. Spray shadowing for stress relief and mechanical locking in thick protective coatings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hollis, Kendall (Los Alamos, NM); Bartram, Brian (Los Alamos, NM)

    2007-05-22

    A method for applying a protective coating on an article, comprising the following steps: selecting an article with a surface for applying a coating thickness; creating undercut grooves on the article, where the grooves depend beneath the surface to a bottom portion with the grooves having an upper width on the surface and a lower width on the bottom portion connected by side walls, where at least one of the side walls connects the upper width and the lower width to form an undercut angle with the surface less than 90.degree.; and, applying the protective coating onto the article to fill the undercut grooves and cover the surface, thereby forming weak paths within the protective coating.

  1. Safety relief valve sizing: comparison of two-phase flow models to empirical data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiller, Paul Robert

    2013-02-22

    in this study: The Two-Phase-Homogenous-Equilibrium Model (TPHEM), proposed by the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS), and the Homogenous-Nonequilibrium Model proposed by Fauske. These models were evaluated against steam/water data (both sub-cooled...

  2. Characterization of Prototype Superfluid Helium Safety Relief Valves for the LHC Magnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufay, L; Van Weelderen, R

    1999-01-01

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN will use high field superconducting magnets operating in pressurized superfluid helium (He II) at 1.9 K. Cold safety valves, with their inlet in direct contact with the He II bath, will be required to protect the cold masses in case of a magnet resistive transition. In addition to the safety function, the valves must limit their conduction heat load to the He II to below 0.3 W and limit their mass leakage when closed to below 0.01 g/s at 1.9 K with 100 mbar differential pressure. The valves must also have a high tolerance to contaminating particles in the liquid helium. The compliance with the specified performance is of crucial importance for the LHC cryogenic operation. An extensive test program is therefore being carried out on prototype industrial valves produced by four different manufacturers. The behavior of these valves has been investigated at room temperature and at 77 K. Precise heat load and mass leak measurements have been performed on a dedicated test faci...

  3. Microelectronics Journal 37 (2006) 14811485 Effect of nanoimprinted surface relief on Si and Ge nucleation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    nucleation and ordering T.I. Kaminsa,Ã, A.A. Yasseria,1 , S. Sharmaa,2 , R.F.W. Peaseb , Q. Xiac , S.Y. Chouc

  4. vPRIME Emergency Medical Relief System Shantenu Agarwal, Sanchit Kumar, Daniel Lipschutz, Nina Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    recommendations. Zigbee Transmission Zigbee transmission is a low- cost option that allows the wireless and with the Patient Devices over a Zigbee network. Heart Rate Data transmitted from each Patient Device is uploaded

  5. Direct and gestural interaction with relief: A 2.5D shape display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leithinger, Daniel

    Actuated shape output provides novel opportunities for experiencing, creating and manipulating 3D content in the physical world. While various shape displays have been proposed, a common approach utilizes an array of linear ...

  6. Strain relief and Pd island shape evolution on the palladium and palladium hydride (100) surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolesnikov, S. V.; Klavsyuk, A. L.; Saletsky, A. M. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2012-06-15

    The mesoscopic relaxation of small Pd islands on Pd(100) and PdH(100) surfaces is investigated on the atomic scale by performing molecular statics calculations. A strong strain and stress inhomogeneity in islands and topmost layers of the substrate is revealed. An unusual size dependence of the shape of islands is discovered.

  7. EA-0912: Urgent-Relief Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to accept 409 spent fuel elements from eight foreign research reactors in seven European countries.  The spent fuel would be shipped across...

  8. When the levees break: Relief cuts and flood management in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fransen, Lindsey; Ludy, Jessica; Matella, Mary

    2008-01-01

    are: 1) Perception of flood risk – The public believes thatmust encourage development in flood risk areas to collectHowever, considering the flood risk from storms larger than

  9. Surface relief produced by diffusion induced boundary migration in Cu-Zn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, Y.S.; Meyrick, G.; Shewmon, P.G.

    1984-03-01

    Experimental observations are presented that demonstrate that diffusion induced grain boundary migration in copper foils exposed to zinc vapor, from a Cu-15 pct Zn alloy, can be studied directl after treatment without etching. The general characteristics of migration are in accord with previous investigations, but novel changes in the surface topography are described. Pits were formed on the surface of areas swept by boundary migration; also, the surface was often converted into a series of corrugations. The formation of pits suggests that the grain boundary diffusivity of zinc exceeds that of copper. The corrugations are believed to indicate that boundaries sometimes move in an intermittent manner.

  10. Resistance and relief: The wit and woes of early twentieth century folk and country music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Iain J.

    2010-01-01

    constraining one’’ (1983: 20). Unlike folk counter-parts like Joe Hill and Woody Guthrie, country humorists like Uncle Dave Macon and Jimmie Rodgers expressed an unformed, pre-political consciousness, one often contradictory in na- ture. And where folk.... In ‘‘Hobo Bill’s Last Ride’’ and ‘‘Hobo’s Meditation,’’ he called attention to this subaltern breed spawned as a by-product of the Great Depression. His country contemporary, Jimmie Rodgers, also wrote tall-tales of the free-wheeling hobo life, though his...

  11. Uncertainty and the timing of an urban congestion relief investment. The no-land case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saphores, JDM; Boarnet, M G

    2006-01-01

    investment lag; real options. JEL codes: D61, D81, R42. I.stopping problem using real options (see Dixit and Pindyck [make a binding decision. The real options approach has been

  12. Uncertainty and the timing of an urban congestion relief investment - The no-land case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saphores, Jean-Daniel M; Boarnet, Marlon G.

    2006-01-01

    investment lag; real options. JEL codes: D61, D81, R42. I.stopping problem using real options (see Dixit and Pindyck [make a binding decision. The real options approach has been

  13. Demand Relief and Weather Sensitivity in Large California Commercial Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinney, S.; Piette, M. A.; Gu, L.; Haves, P.

    2001-01-01

    A great deal of research has examined the weather sensitivity of energy consumption in commercial buildings; however, the recent power crisis in California has given greater importance to peak demand. Several new loadshedding programs have been...

  14. The effectiveness of stress relief etching for improving bipolar device characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Lynn Gillespie

    1975-01-01

    A Sirtl Etched Region Breakdown Voltage Measurement Circuit Variations In The Breakdown Voltage Across A Typical Wafer. Minority Carrier Lifetime Measurement Circuit 25 30 32 34 4. 4 Transient Current Flowing In A Switched Diode. 35 4. 5... of dislocations in silicon was developed by E. Sirtl and A. Adler in 1961 (1). They discovered that a mixture of chromic and hydrofloric acids, now known as Sirtl etch, would attack dislocations in silicon, leaving tetrahedral etch pits in (111) oriented...

  15. The question of faith : U.S.-based religious NGOs in international relief and development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmert, Mark David, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) humanitarian role? (4) How do these organizations deal with the ICRC's humanitarian principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence? To answer these questions, I analyze organizational documents, examine ...

  16. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    on Inspections and Sanctions,” pp. 165–173 in Micah L. SifryDrops South African Sanctions Campaign,” Press Association (Don’t Forget Africa! F. Sanctions and Humanitarian Politics

  17. An Integrated Disaster Relief Supply Chain Network Model with Time Targets Demand Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    system-optimization approach minimizes the total operational costs on the links of the supply chain environment upon the socio-economic system (Alexander (1993)). Cyclones, tornadoes, hurricanes, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and floods are among the natural phenomena ravaging our planet each

  18. Saving the Young: A History of the Child Relief Movement in Modern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apter, Norman D

    2013-01-01

    ertong: jia zai he fang,” Dalian ribao, March 17, 2005.the north-eastern city of Dalian, in March 2005, suggestertong: jia zai he fang,” Dalian ribao, March 17, 2005

  19. Food Security in Haiti After the 2010 Earthquake: Analysis and Evaluation of NGO Relief Efforts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Katie

    Haiti suffered an earthquake in January of 2010, bringing instability and widespread hunger. Even after two years, many Haitians lack food security, and one must look at the failings of the Haitian government and those who attempted to provide aid...

  20. Building blocked : neighborhood politics and administrative efficiency in Philadelphia's zoning relief process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Ross A

    2015-01-01

    In response to a widespread dissatisfaction with an inefficient and highly political system of development permitting and land use decision making, Philadelphia instituted a large-scale reform of its zoning code and planning ...

  1. A Mean-Variance Disaster Relief Supply Chain Network Model for Risk Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    of Management University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 2Department of Electrical and Computer, Nigeria, the US and Mali. The total number of reported cases is more than 27,275. This isAnna and Ladimer

  2. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. “Iraq Considered: Review Article. ”Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

  3. Demand relief and weather sensitivity in large California commercial office buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann; Gu, Lixing; Haves, Philip

    2001-05-01

    A great deal of research has examined the weather sensitivity of energy consumption in commercial buildings; however, the recent power crisis in California has given greater importance to peak demand. Several new load-shedding programs have been implemented or are under consideration. Historically, the target customers have been large industrial users who can reduce the equivalent load of several large office buildings. While the individual load reduction from an individual office building may be less significant, there is ample opportunity for load reduction in this area. The load reduction programs and incentives for industrial customers may not be suitable for commercial building owners. In particular, industrial customers are likely to have little variation in load from day to day. Thus a robust baseline accounting for weather variability is required to provide building owners with realistic targets that will encourage them to participate in load shedding programs.

  4. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    that something explosive is brewing—both in my guts and outovershadow the food crisis brewing in Africa—especiallyAn ugly civil war was brewing in Liberia, the peace process

  5. Analysis of Flow in Pilot Operated Safety and Relief Valve of Nuclear Reactor Coolant System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Soon-Bum; Lee, Dong-Won; Kim, In-Goo; Ahn, Hyung-Joon; Kim, Hho-Jung

    2004-07-01

    When the POSRV equipped in a nuclear power plant opens in instant by a failure in coolant system of PWR, a moving shock wave generates, and propagates downstream of the valve, inducing a complicated unsteadiness. The moving shock wave may exert severe load to the structure. In this connection, a method of gradual opening of the valve is used to reduce the load acting on the wall at the downstream of the POSRV. In the present study, experiments and calculations are performed to investigate the detail unsteady flow at the various pipe units and the effect of valve opening time on the flow downstream of the valve. In calculation by using of air as working fluid, 2-dimensional, unsteady compressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved by finite volume method. It was found that when the incident shock wave passes through the pipe unit, it may experience diffraction, reflection and interaction with a vortex. Furthermore, the geometry of the pipe unit affects the reflection type of shock wave and changes the load acting on the wall of pipe unit. It was also turned out that the maximum force acting on the wall of the pipe unit becomes in order of T-junction, 108 deg. elbow and branch in magnitude, respectively. And, the results obtained that show that the rapid pressure rise due to the moving shock wave by instant POSRV valve opening is attenuated by employing the gradual opening. (authors)

  6. Title 43 CFR 3279 Utilization Relief and Appeals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film Solar TechnologiesCFR 1201 General Jump Lessee9

  7. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL INTERPRETATION REGARDING EXEMPTION RELIEF PURSUANT TO

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergyEveryCustomerD= DOE/RG-0067 DATAINTERPRETATION

  8. INTERPRETATION REGARDING EXEMPTION RELIEF UNDER 10 C.F.R. PART 820, SUBPART

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelB IMSofNewsletterGuidingUpdateofMarchOffshore WindINLINSPECTIONE,

  9. DOE Offers Relief to Importers Affected by West Coast Port Closures |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us »Buildings DOEDOE FCalculationDOE09 -

  10. Democracy and the political ascendancy of broadcast television in Latin America : 1950 through 1970

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simón, Harry L.

    2009-01-01

    in Latin America. / Venezuela (Pérez Jiménez dictatorship) -Dem Pacheco A. – Dem Venezuela – Betancourt – Dem Leoni O. –latinoamericano. Caracas, Venezuela: Universidad Central de

  11. 2 Spring 1999 Online enrollment debuts on URSA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

  12. www.kit.edu RESEARCH TO BUSINESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Oliver

    bereits erste Schritte umgesetzt, unter an- derem mit dem Cleantech Venture Day in Stockholm, an dem 25

  13. Frank, A. U., and S. Timpf. 1995. Forschungsprojekte der Abteilung Geoinformation an der TU Wien. Nachrichten aus dem Karten-und

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timpf, Sabine

    voulons incorporer l'espace et le temps dans les systèmes d'information géographiques (SIG). Nous sommes inspirées par la science cognitive, qui décrit la perception de l'espace et du temps. Nous utilisons une methode algébrique pour définir les conceptions de l'espace et du temps, et pour les inclure dans les

  14. CityFIT Urban Guide: Modelling and Deploying indicators of Property Exposure to Flooding in Lagos using LIDAR DEM and DSM data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosuro, Sulaiman

    2012-11-29

    The propagation of flood inundation in urban catchments is highly dependent on the surface topography, land cover and the representation of structure in elevation data used in modelling. Studies have shown that subtle ...

  15. Getting DEM from ASTER (~30m resolution) + importing it into ArcMap + georeferencing an image on top (e.g. satellite image, geological map)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the "Search Term" bar: type "ASTER GDEM" and the "ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model V002" will appear in the "Select Datasets" window at the bottom. Then, select the zone of interest in the "Spatial Search" window click once on the bar next to "Bounding Box" and a window will appear in which you can enter

  16. Getting DEM from ASTER or SRTM (~30m resolution) + importing it into ArcMap + georeferencing an image on top (e.g. satellite image, geological map)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to explore much but basically, you enter your search criteria (mostly location: you can draw a polygon in the "Search Term" bar: type "ASTER GDEM" and the "ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model V002" will appear in the "Select Datasets" window at the bottom. Then, select the zone of interest in the "Spatial Search" window

  17. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    with an installed lighting power density of 1.3 W/ft 2 andmaximum installed lighting power density (LPD) specified byASHRAE 90.1-2001 Lighting power density 1.3 W/ft Work plane

  18. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E. S.; Fernandes, L. L.; Coffey, B.; McNeil, A.; Clear, R.; Webster, T.; Bauman, F.; Dickerhoff, D.; Heinzerling, D.; Hoyt, T.

    2013-01-01

    With aggressive goals to reduce national energy use and carbon emissions, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will be looking to exemplary buildings that have already invested in new approaches to achieving the energy performance goals now needed at a national level. The New York Times Building, in New York, New York, incorporates a number of innovative technologies, systems and processes and could become model for widespread replication in new and existing buildings. A year-long monitored study was conducted to verify energy performance, assess occupant comfort and satisfaction with the indoor environment, and evaluate impact on maintenance and operations. Lessons learned were derived from the analysis; these lessons could help identify and shape policy, financial, or supporting strategies to accelerate diffusion in the commercial building market.

  19. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Sustainable Energy Partnerships, Tarrytown, New York. Clear,Release: Average energy prices in New York – Northern NewYork Times Company. The New York State Energy Research and

  20. Objective: Determine the energy use of two greenhouse insulation technologies (a bubble insulation system and an energy/shade screen) retrofitted into plastic covered greenhouses, and compare the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Objective: Determine the energy use of two greenhouse insulation technologies (a bubble insulation system and energy curtain provided significant reductions in natural gas use and associated heating costs Resources and Conservation Service, New Hampshire Floriculture Endowment and SunArc, Canada. 2013 Energy Use

  1. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Boston, August 2–7, 2009. EnergyPlus Engineering Reference,buildings/energyplus/pdfs/engineeringreference.pdf Bauman,or from a calibrated EnergyPlus model (HVAC); and cost data

  2. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    =5.5 (designed for single floor) Heating Sizing Heating from110°F) due to heating from floor Minimum volume set at 5% tofloor) ASHRAE 90.1-2001 Lighting Equipment (plug loads) Fans Pumps/Cooling tower Cooling Fan powered boxes Total (kWh/ft -yr) Heating

  3. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    energy savings for all three energy-efficiency measures issavings for the three innovative energy efficiency measures,savings that were attributable to each of the energy efficiency measures –

  4. A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    for buildings with high churn rates where speed and cost isfor space reconfiguration or churn is included, payback time

  5. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 173 87 49 49 36 91 139 Tinted or Reflective Glass or Shading Film ... 158 83 47 40 56 94 117 Exterior or Interior Shading or...

  6. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... 173 172 23 12 37 82 56 17 Tinted or Reflective Glass or Shading Film ... 158 157 15 8 38 76 60 16 Exterior or Interior Shading or...

  7. Local dependence in random graph models: Characterization, properties and statistical inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweinberger, M; Handcock, MS

    2015-01-01

    edge variables: the shaded pie charts represent posteriorvariables: the shaded pie charts represent posterior mem-to identify cells. The pie charts in Fig. 5 represent the

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    apply for a Solar Access Permit for protection of shading by vegetation only. Shading by buildings is protected by the solar setback provision. Eligibility: Commercial,...

  9. Single Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block is Safe and Effective for Emergency Pain Relief in Hip-fracture Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groot, Leonieke; Dijksman, Lea M.; Simons, Maarten Peter; Zwartsenburg, Mariska M.S; Rebel, Jasper R.

    2015-01-01

    FICB seems to be an efficient, safe and practical method forblock seems to be an efficient, safe and practical methodon safety and efficiency. Address for Correspondence:

  10. Feasibility study of using optical moir?? interferometry technique for fine-grain surface relief in heritage recording. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ratrout, Samer Abdulmunim

    2005-11-01

    In order to prepare for the prospective need for heritage 3D recording, the main objective of this research was to investigate a new depth measuring method that can reduce identified limitations of current point-to-point ...

  11. Water flow and P dynamics in a low-relief landscape manipulated by extensive canal and ditch drainage systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunwald, Sabine

    .69 (calibration) and 0.81 (validation) comparing measured and simulated P loads. The good model performance flat topography and low hydraulic gradients are prominent, increased P loads from point sediment and particulate P loads and pathways in low- land agricultural watersheds in the United Kingdom

  12. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  13. IMAGE BY JEN NATALI Q = (1.49/n)*A*(R2/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    gradient alluvial channels TARGETED FUNCTIONS · Bank stabilization · Shading · Large woody debris (LWD

  14. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-01-01

    photovoltaic PURPA Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act QFs qualifying facilities SBC system benefits charge SC Shading

  15. B.S. Chemical Engineering, UC Berkeley Expected Graduation: 2017 Relevant Coursework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    . o Developed photovoltaic blinds that provide shade while generating clean electricity. o Presented

  16. Reduction of discrete element models by Karhunen–Loève transform: a hybrid model approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glösmann, Philipp

    2010-01-01

    size DEM-model simulation provides necessary data base D toorder DEM-model; to obtain a refer- ence data base D, 2.

  17. Vorwort des Prsidenten Vor 100 Jahren, am 11. Januar 1911, fiel mit der Grndung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falge, Eva

    geworden. Mit Einsparungen und dem Ausbau erneuerbarer Energiequellen werden die weltweiten Bedarfe nicht zu decken sein. Dem Umstieg auf regenerative Energien sind darüber hinaus ganz praktische Grenzen

  18. 2 Spring 2000 Bruin bear comes out of hibernation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Sponsored Student

  19. 2 1999-00 Annual Schedule of Classes Deadline to add classes moves to third week

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Sponsored Student

  20. Pressesprecher: Achim Fischer Telefon 0621 /1 81-1013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    Juniorprofessor auf eine ordentliche Professur berufen. Hinter dem sperrigen lateinischen Begriff Anorexia Nervosa

  1. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  2. Wissen schaft & Forschung 39Portal 1/2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    Welt, neben Deutschland zum Beispiel aus Polen, Ägypten, Taiwan, der Ukraine, Griechenland, dem Iran

  3. Algorithmen f ur die 3D --Computer --Tomographie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis, Alfred K.

    . Deshalb wird in diesem gemeinsam mit Siemens Energiewirtschaft (KWU), Erlangen, und dem Fraunhofer

  4. Studienordnung fur den Bachelor-Studiengang Physik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolkenhauer, Olaf

    Energiewirtschaft, der IT-Dienstleistungen, der Finan- zwelt und auf medizintechnischem Gebiet. (5) Mit dem BSc

  5. Die Franzosen in Mexiko. Historisch-politischer Roman aus der Gegenwart.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    hielten von zwanzig zu zwanzig Schritten Kavaleriepo- sten, die Faust mit der gespannten Pistole auf dem

  6. Institut fr Werkzeugmaschinen und Fabrikbetrieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    - Lernfabrik sowie Themen aus dem Bereich innovativer Produktionssysteme für Li- thium-Ionen-Energiespeicher

  7. Scanning capacitance microscopy of ErAs nanoparticles embedded in GaAs pn junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Edward T.

    the subject of intense research for applications such as multijunction tan- dem solar cells,1 thermoelectric

  8. Nr. 110 / 2014 // 17. Juni 2014 Preistrger Dr. Andreas Karolewski (Mitte) und Prof. Dr. Mukundan Thelakkat, Prof. Dr. Hans-Werner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmann, G. Matthias

    Elektronik oder auf dem Gebiet der Gewinnung und Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien. ,,Wir freuen uns und sind

  9. Vor 100 Jahren ffnete in Berlin-Dahlem das Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut fr Chemie seine Pforten. Schon drei Jahre spter konnte es mit dem ersten Nobelpreistrger aufwarten: Richard Willsttter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falge, Eva

    Vor 100 Jahren öffnete in Berlin-Dahlem das Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Chemie seine Pforten. Schon-Planck-Institut für Chemie in Mainz hervorging, durch die Entdeckung der Kernspaltung. TEXT ELKE MAIER Ein Ort Politik versammelt. Man erwartete hohen Besuch: Der Kaiser persönlich sollte das Institut für Chemie

  10. From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret Madeline

    This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...

  11. Optical response of plasmonic relief meta-surfaces This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    applications have emerged, from optical negative refraction [4­6] and perfect lensing [7, 8] to plasmonic solar cells [9] and nanoscale photonic modulators [10, 11]. In general, metamaterials for the vis/NIR range), which bring frequency-selective surface (FSS) functionality into the optical domain and provide

  12. Maui Smart Grid Demonstration Project Managing Distribution System Resources for Improved Service Quality and Reliability, Transmission Congestion Relief, and Grid Support Functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-09-30

    The Maui Smart Grid Project (MSGP) is under the leadership of the Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The project team includes Maui Electric Company, Ltd. (MECO), Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. (HECO), Sentech (a division of SRA International, Inc.), Silver Spring Networks (SSN), Alstom Grid, Maui Economic Development Board (MEDB), University of Hawaii-Maui College (UHMC), and the County of Maui. MSGP was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC26-08NT02871, with approximately 50% co-funding supplied by MECO. The project was designed to develop and demonstrate an integrated monitoring, communications, database, applications, and decision support solution that aggregates renewable energy (RE), other distributed generation (DG), energy storage, and demand response technologies in a distribution system to achieve both distribution and transmission-level benefits. The application of these new technologies and procedures will increase MECO’s visibility into system conditions, with the expected benefits of enabling more renewable energy resources to be integrated into the grid, improving service quality, increasing overall reliability of the power system, and ultimately reducing costs to both MECO and its customers.

  13. Re-ordering a Border Space: Relief, Rehabilitation, and Nation-Building in North- Eastern India after the 1950 Assam Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyot-Réchard, Bérénice

    2015-04-08

    of seismicity in Northeast India and earthquake disaster mitigation, ENVIS Bulletin: Himalayan Ecology & Development, 10: http://gbpihedenvis.nic.in/html/vol10_1/vol10_1.htm [accessed 18 December 2013]. 5 For more information, consult Government of Assam (1897... natural disaster. This paper explores how the earthquake and its aftermath participated in two other reconfigurations — that of Assam’s political geography as well as its place within India’s national imaginaries. In the process, it also suggests...

  14. The distributional impact of the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003: a longitudinal study of the marriage penalty tax 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feucht, Frederick J

    2006-04-12

    This dissertation quantifies the magnitude of the marriage penalty tax and measures its distributional effects on the general population. Estimates of the marriage penalty tax were calculated based on the effects of the ...

  15. dsn FS-6700-7 (2/98) NOTE: Any yellow text shading or red text annotations have been added by ORNL Subject Matter Experts (SMEs). The annotations have been made in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    doing work at the Marcell Experiment Station.. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service 1. WORK or slippery substrate. Lift with the legs, not the back. Exercise caution in dense undergrowth. Sunglasses

  16. ADVANCED CHARACTERIZATION OF FRACTURED RESERVOIRS IN CARBONATE ROCKS: THE MICHIGAN BASIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James R. Wood; William B. Harrison

    2001-04-01

    Among the accomplishments of this past reporting period are obtaining a complete landgrid for the State of Michigan and the digital processing of the high and medium resolution DEM files. We can now extract lineations from the DEMs automatically using machine algorithms. One tentative result that may be very significant is that we may be seeing manifestations of buried structures in the DEM data. We are looking at a set of extracted lineations in the northern lower peninsula that appear to follow the trend of the pinnacle reefs (Silurian) which had relief approaching 300 feet but are now buried to greater than 3000 feet. We have also extracted the dolomite alteration data from all fields and can show that this is mainly confined to the basin center. It may be related to the paleo-rift suggested by the paleomagnetic and gravity data. As reported last time, the acquisition of a 3D seismic dataset over Stoney Point Field from Marathon Oil Company, is complete and attention is being devoted to incorporating the data into the project database and utilizing it. The surface lineation study is focusing on Stoney Point Field using the high-resolution DEM data and plotting of subsurface formation top data for the main reservoir, the Trenton (Ordovician) Formation. The fault pattern at Stoney Point is well documented by Marathon and we are looking for any manifestations on the surface. The main project database is now about as complete as it will be for this project. The main goals have been met, although the scanning of the paper records will have to continue beyond the scheduled end of the project due to the sheer number of records and the increased donations of data from companies as word spread of the project. One of the unanticipated benefits of the project has been the cooperation of gas and oil companies that are or were active in the Michigan Basin in donating material to the project. Both Michigan Tech and Western Michigan continue to receive donations at an accelerating pace. The data management software developed to handle the data, Atlas, is scheduled to undergo a 3rd revision before the project ends. The goals are to streamline access to the data by improving the display and add several new features, including the ability to turn the landgrid on and off. We may also be able to include the capability to calculate or recalculate footage calls as well. We discovered the reason that some of the 1/24,000 USGS DEM (Digital Elevation Models) for the State of Michigan contain high levels of noise and are making one last attempt to acquire a set of good files before the project ends. This will greatly improve the large-scale map (48 inches x 84 inches) that has been constructed by mosaicking of the high-resolution files. This map shows excellent ground surface detail and has drawn much comment and requests for copies at the venues where it has been displayed. Although it was generated for mapping of surface lineations the map has other uses, particularly analysis of the glacial drift in Michigan.

  17. COMBINING LIDAR, MULTI-SPECTRAL IMAGERY AND GIS TO ASSESS RIPARIAN AREA CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallin, David O.

    .................................................... 16 3.4 Model Overview ............................................................ 19 3.5 LWD Model .................................... 45 4.3 LWD Potential .......... .................................................... 46 4.4 Shade: large woody debris (LWD) delivery and shade. The model consists of custom applications written in Visual

  18. Effectiveness of External Window Attachments Based on Daylight Utilization and Cooling Load Reduction for Small Office Buildings in Hot Humid Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebarto, V. I.; Degelman, L. O.

    1994-01-01

    This study explored the effectiveness of selected external shading devices and glazing treatments used to minimize the total annual energy consumption in small office buildings in hot humid climates. The external shading devices included a permanent...

  19. Sun Oil Scholarship Award 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    The well-known versions of the sun-path diagrams and shading mask protractors that appear in the AIA's Architectural Graphics Standards (Ramsey and Sleeper 1994) are based on the equidistant projections and use a shading mask protractor developed...

  20. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are shown in shades of blue while non-OPEC countries are shown in shades of green. Petroleum imports rose sharply...

  1. The colour measurement of ceramic samples using a commercial colour measuring device and a laboratory spectrophotometer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The selection of shade for a porcelain crown is a subjective process and mode of fabrication is known to have an effect. This investigation sought to determine the accuracy of a commercially-available shade-matching ...

  2. Electricity Monthly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    resulted in a heating degree day map deep shades of red in the west and deep shades of blue in the east, with states concentrated on both ends of the spectrum. Twenty-two states...

  3. Preliminary Open File Report: Geological and Geophysical Studies in Grass Valley, Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, H.

    2010-01-01

    component. The 3 shaded areas in Figure 51 correspond toValley area that is seismically active (Figure 51). The

  4. Quality of Information Driven Environment Crowdsourcing and its Impact on Personal Wellness Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Jerrid E.

    2014-01-01

    Cloudy • Sun using our data collector mobile applicationsun, shade and indoor environments. Figure 4.23: A data collector

  5. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2012-01-01

    solar (W/m2) Table 13: Base case annual energy consumptionlighting energy consumption. Figure 11: Solar shading and

  6. Separation Processes, Second Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, C. Judson

    1980-01-01

    gradient can be phase maldistribution, wherein the 602Flooding Weeping Phase maldistribution Liquid gradientparticularly severe phase maldistribution. Within the shaded

  7. Article original Optimisation de l'levage des pieds-mres de Douglas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with a plastic mulch and under a 50 % white shaded tunnel. In this case, the multiplica- tion rate (number

  8. MAS 2: Multiscale Actuated Sensing Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiangming Kong; William Kaiser; Greg Pottie

    2006-01-01

    data Observer Leaf Shading leaf Simulate solar radiationdata to establish models under all conditions Geometry determines direct solar radiation

  9. 2004 ORNL Press Releases | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 2004 ORNL Press Releases 1-10 of 88 Results Prev 12345 Next ORNL's LandScan helps tsunami relief ORNL's LandScan helps tsunami relief OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Dec. 28, 2004 - Relief...

  10. 2-D discrete element modeling of unconsolidated sandstones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franquet Barbara, Javier Alejandro

    2001-01-01

    In this work unconsolidated sands saturated with heavy oil were modeled using a discrete element numerical model, (DEM). The DEM code was built in Mathematica ? programming language. The strain-stress behavior of biaxial ...

  11. Resolution of grain scale interactions using the Discrete Element Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Scott M. (Scott Matthew), 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Granular materials are an integral part of many engineering systems. Currently, a popular tool for numerically investigating granular systems is the Discrete Element Method (DEM). Nearly all implementations of the DEM, ...

  12. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 31 -February 2, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    between fracture growth and deformation of existing fracture networks with fluid flow makes meso-scale DEM

  13. Reflections on the various receptions that the report on the existence of a redeemer has found 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Frances

    Original title - Betrachtung über die verschiedene Aufnahme, die die Nachricht von dem Dasein eines Erlösers gefunden hat

  14. Ernst Wichert Heinrich von Plauen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , eingenommen und führte sie nun nach seiner Vater- stadt Danzig. Da dem Ordenslande ein Krieg mit Polen und #12

  15. Kreativitt, Kooperation und Kompetenzen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Daniel

    Spiess, Dozentin Medienbildung, PH Zürich Workshop D PS/Sek I/Sek II Unterrichten mit dem Raspberry Pi

  16. Lunds Tekniska Hgskola Programmering Institutionen fr datavetenskap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chiffertexterna i två av textvyerna. (Använd operationer på TestCase-objektet för att hämta dem. Ingen egen

  17. Von der Umwelt abgekoppelt: In einem neuen Stuttgarter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falge, Eva

    Information stünde unse- re Gesellschaft vor dem Blackout. So verwundert es nicht, dass Elek- tronen nach wie

  18. Bestimmung regionaler Solarstrompotenziale fr freistehende Photovoltaik-Kraftwerke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    -Daten (Coordination of Information on the Environment) aus dem Jahr 2000 geben Informationen zur Landnutzung. Sie sind

  19. Couragiert und erfolgreich ,,Women of TUM" im TUM Netzwerk >> S. 1625

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiz, Ulrich

    , Landnutzung und Umwelt (WZW) der TUM wieder mit eigenem Stand auf dem Zentral-Landwirtschaftsfest, das alle

  20. Beat Induction and Rhythm Recognition Simon Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Simon

    , Logistics, Humanitarian Relief, Linear programming, Developing countries * Corresponding author 1 #12;A

  1. Midlantic National Bank v. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection: Has the Supreme Court "Abandoned" Section 554 of the Bankruptcy Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Grace C.

    1987-01-01

    nuclear wastes. MIDLANTIC NATIONAL BANK tudes in deciding whether we should abandon debtor relief to fund

  2. Locating Anatomical Landmarks for Prosthetics Design using Ensemble Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiménez, Daniel A.

    in pressure tolerant areas and relief in pressure sensitive areas. A computer controlled milling machine

  3. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry Special Issue on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miksik, Ivan

    Compounds with Trivalent and Pentavalent Nitrogen in Cough Relief Medical Forms Tuxi and Cosylan I. Brondz

  4. Monitored Performance of an Office Building with an Under-floor Air Distribution System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, C.; Norford, L.

    2005-01-01

    of the building. The mechanical room is located on the roof above the atrium. The façade is nearly 100% glazing, with fixed shading devices installed to reduce solar heat and glare. On the south and west façades, photovoltaics are integrated into the shading... of the photovoltaics, integrated with the exterior shading devices on the southern and the western façades, to the energy consumption of the building could be determined from the detailed sub- metering data. The monthly contribution of the photovoltaics ranged from...

  5. Roof aperture system for selective collection and control of solar energy for building heating, cooling and daylighting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanders, William J. (Kansas City, KS); Snyder, Marvin K. (Overland Park, KS); Harter, James W. (Independence, MO)

    1983-01-01

    The amount of building heating, cooling and daylighting is controlled by at least one pair of solar energy passing panels, with each panel of the pair of panels being exposed to a separate direction of sun incidence. A shutter-shade combination is associated with each pair of panels and the shutter is connected to the shade so that rectilinear movement of the shutter causes pivotal movement of the shade.

  6. Roof aperture system for selective collection and control of solar energy for building heating, cooling and daylighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, W.J.; Harter, J.W.; Snyder, M.K.

    1983-12-06

    The amount of building heating, cooling and daylighting is controlled by at least one pair of solar energy passing panels, with each panel of the pair of panels being exposed to a separate direction of sun incidence. A shutter-shade combination is associated with each pair of panels and the shutter is connected to the shade so that rectilinear movement of the shutter causes pivotal movement of the shade.

  7. Saving Energy and Generating Energy with the Schuco E2 Facade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, F.

    2008-01-01

    design of the building envelope is not influenced by the ventilation devices. Even floor-to-ceiling glazing is possible. Solar energy generation module The finite nature of our resources and climate change make an economical approach to energy use... activates the building envelope for solar energy generation. High-performance solar shading module Sch?co CTB solar shading consisting of micro louvre blades is an external solar shading system which is completely integrated in the fa?ade. Due...

  8. The Ecological Street Tree: Mainstreaming the Production of Street Tree-based Ecosystem Services in Northern California Cities, 1980-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamans, Georgia Norma Silvera

    2010-01-01

    E. Gregory. Cooling Urban Heat Islands with Sustainableto ameliorate urban heat islands were based on scientificShade Trees in Reducing Heat Island Effect in Parking Lots,

  9. Energy-Efficient Window Treatments | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Window Treatments September 25, 2012 - 9:04am Addthis The awnings on this home shade the windows and generate electricity. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto...

  10. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    added Download count Optimal Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) Modules (302) Optimal Cell...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CPV) (335) Optimal Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) Modules (302) Optimal Cell...

  12. INTERACTION OF NUCLEI AT HIGH ENERGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Herbert.

    2010-01-01

    kinematic constraints, shadowing or some more esoteric mechanism.mechanisms responsible for the production of particles into these/shaded kinematic

  13. To Revalue the Rural? Transformation of the Mexican Federal Payments for Ecosystem Services Programs from Neoliberal Notion to Development Dogma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Elizabeth N

    2010-01-01

    to pay a premium for eco-friendly products (e.g. Rainforesteco-certified” export markets, such as organic, shade-grown, bird-friendly,

  14. Landscaping for Energy-Efficient Homes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    regional climate. Your home's microclimate may receive more sun, shade, wind, rain, snow, moisture, andor dryness than average local conditions. If your home is located on a...

  15. High-performance facades design strategies and applications in North America and Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelenay, Krystyna; Perepelitza, Mark; Lehrer, David

    2011-01-01

    shading type Fixed exterior white-painted aluminum louvers on 2nd and 3rd floors, awning at ground floor, photovoltaic

  16. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Planetary Entry and Descent Trajectory Reconstruction and Science, Lisbon, October 2003, ESA SP-544, European Space Agency, 49-56, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenz, Ralph D.

    empirical testing. Low power operation and shading of the sensor can help. The second correction relates to eliminate e.g. photovoltaic effects.) More typically

  17. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    modules from interrow shading. Initial performance results have identified diffuse irradiance losses at tighter row spacing for both the Maxim and conventional modules....

  18. The Green Fuel Project: The Solar / Biodiesel Facility

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    solar energy efficiency energy transference shading Parabolic Trough Laws of Thermodynamics solar gain Entropy BTU, solar mass RESOURCES AND MATERIALS: Resources: BTU or Bust...

  19. The B.E.A.M. Project: Building Efficient Architectural Models

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    climate passive solar energy efficiency energy transference shading fuel Laws of Thermodynamics solar gain Energy Star label BTU, solar mass RESOURCES AND MATERIALS: Resources:...

  20. Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in Snow-Covered Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grogan, Paul

    snow cover through shading, wind sheltering, and interception. Changes in snow cover associated and nitrogen cycling. Introduction Approximately 60% of the terrestrial earth surface experiences seasonal snow

  1. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    shaded regions represent power generation costs . . 11 Heat-against conventional power generation technologies when thephotovoltaic and wind power generation have recently seen

  2. Wood-boring Insects of Trees and Shrubs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.; Jackman, John A.; Merchant, Michael E.

    2008-06-17

    This publication explains how to identify and control wood-boring insects that invade shrubs and shade trees in Texas. 12 pages, 9 figures, 6 photographs, 1 table...

  3. Still, the problem, says Porteus, is that the work is so challenging that you have to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    in the world would shade the Brooklyn Bridge. Moved to Pisa, it would be twice the height of the Leaning Tower

  4. Electromechanical solar tracking apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stromberg, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1981-01-01

    The invention relates to an electromechanical solar tracking device which tracks the position of the sun using paired, partially-shaded bimetallic elements.

  5. Simulating the effect of high-intensity sound on cetaceans: Modeling, approach and a case study for Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krysl, P; Cranford, T W; Wiggins, S M; Hildebrand, John A

    2006-01-01

    energy dissipation. The pterygoid sinuses are shown in green,energy dissipation, darker shade corresponds to lower density. The pterygoid sinuses are shown in green,

  6. Guide to Home Landscaping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-10-01

    How to use simple landscaping methods to create shade in the summer, or block wind in the winter, to help cut heating and cooling bills.

  7. Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans: Lessons Learned...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    classrooms lack light shelves or exterior shading devices, which increase both glare and solar heat gains. A more comprehensive daylighting design may have addressed some of these...

  8. Benchmark Test of Differential Emission Measure Codes and Multi-Thermal Energies in Solar Active Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aschwanden, M J; Caspi, A; McTiernan, J M; Ryan, D; Warren, H P

    2015-01-01

    We compare the ability of 11 Differential Emission Measure (DEM) forward-fitting and inversion methods to constrain the properties of active regions and solar flares by simulating synthetic data using the instrumental response functions of SDO/AIA, SDO/EVE, RHESSI, and GOES/XRS. The codes include the single-Gaussian DEM, a bi-Gaussian DEM, a fixed-Gaussian DEM, a linear spline DEM, the spatial synthesis DEM, the Monte-Carlo Markov chain DEM, the regularized DEM inversion, the Hinode/XRT method, a polynomial spline DEM, an EVE+GOES, and an EVE+RHESSI method. Averaging the results from all 11 DEM methods, we find the following accuracies in the inversion of physical parameters: the EM-weighted temperature $T_w^{fit}/T_w^{sim}=0.9\\pm0.1$, the peak emission measure $EM_p^{fit}/EM_p^{sim}=0.6\\pm0.2$, the total emission measure $EM_t^{fit}/EM_t^{sim}=0.8\\pm0.3$, and the multi-thermal energies $E_{th}^{fit}/EM_{th}^{sim}=1.2\\pm0.4$. We find that the AIA spatial synthesis, the EVE+GOES, and the EVE+RHESSI method yiel...

  9. Eos,Vol. 85, No. 15, 13 April 2004 Fig.1.(a) SST and wind speed were observed by buoy 44014 (36.61N,74.84W) atVirginia Beach,Virginia,in July 2003.Averaged GOES SST (shaded)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Donglian

    Eos,Vol. 85, No. 15, 13 April 2004 Fig.1.(a) SST and wind speed were observed by buoy 44014 (36 in the area [Kelly,2003].Satellite data,buoy observations,and weather maps were analyzed to investigate the anomalous cold water along the coast. The sea surface temperature (SST) observations made by buoy 44014 (0

  10. Digital terrain modeling with the Chebyshev polynomials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florinsky, I V

    2015-01-01

    Mathematical problems of digital terrain analysis include interpolation of digital elevation models (DEMs), DEM generalization and denoising, and computation of morphometric variables by calculation of partial derivatives of elevation. Traditionally, these procedures are based on numerical treatments of two-variable discrete functions of elevation. We developed a spectral analytical method and algorithm based on high-order orthogonal expansions using the Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind with the subsequent Fejer summation. The method and algorithm are intended for DEM analytical treatment, such as, DEM global approximation, denoising, and generalization as well as computation of morphometric variables by analytical calculation of partial derivatives. To test the method and algorithm, we used a DEM of the Northern Andes including 230,880 points (the elevation matrix 480 $\\times$ 481). DEMs were reconstructed with 480, 240, 120, 60, and 30 expansion coefficients. The first and second partial derivatives ...

  11. EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 14: Solar Cell Design 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    1 EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 14: Solar Cell Design 2 Dr. Todd J. Kaiser tjkaiser ­ Resistive losses in the emitter ­ Resistive losses in the metal top contact ­ Shading losses from the metal by the fabrication technology 17 width height RatioAspect Low Aspect Ratio High Aspect Ratio Shading Losses · Caused

  12. Veterinary Medicine Instructional Facility GLADYS VALLEY HALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    & roof) with insulated windows and exterior shading devices which allow in daylight with less heat Energy-efficient: Sustainable Sites Energy & Atmosphere Indoor Environmental Quality Water Efficiency Materials & Resources, by providing trees, shading devices, pervious pavers, and reflective roof materials. Limited light trespass

  13. Will Reducing Oil Taxes Spur Production? The Critical Question in Alaska's FY 2014 Budget Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBeath, Jerry; Wright, Glenn

    2015-01-01

    to extract. North Slope oil production peaked at 2.1 millioncommented: North Slope oil production continued to declinespending given declining oil production, while Dem- ocrats

  14. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  15. Diskontinuierliche Konstituenten I. Problemstellung ~.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~aEtischen Beschrei-- bung ge.hen von dem Annie aus,-da~.,ein Satz:~ai~s. ein@r. :" endlichen.:Anz~l, ~vbn F

  16. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  17. Fakultt fr Ingenieurwissenschaften,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    mit bereits bekann- ten Geräten - einem Apple Smartphone, dem Minicomputer Raspberry Pi und einer 2.3 Raspberry Pi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2

  18. An-Institut der JAHRESBERICHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Abbildung/Figure 5: Schülerwettbewerb ,,Junge Energiewender"; hier ist die Schülergruppe aus dem Hoffmann Schülern über deren Motivation als ,,Energiewender". Ingelore Hering, Head of the Department for Industry

  19. Strukturumbau in der Energiewirtschaft Gilbert Ahamer, Graz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    Strukturumbau in der Energiewirtschaft Gilbert Ahamer, Graz ÜBERBLICK 1 AUF WELCHER SPUR SIND WIR" ........................................................................... 8 2.2.3 Schnüffeln nach dem Sinn: Fallbeispiel Energiewirtschaft

  20. MEDICINSKA BIBLIOTEKET www.ub.uu.se

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppsala Universitet

    dagar, men kan lånas om en gång om ingen köar på dem. Vi har även andra böcker som går att låna i 30

  1. Sie missüberschätzen uns. Über den Versuch, das Mittelstandsperlen-kettchen wie ein Lasso um das Ballhaus Naunynstraße zu werfen – Eine Komödie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzmann, Marianna

    2012-01-01

    einem Schüler entwendeten Pistole in die Luft. Transit: Arasende Lehrerin mit Pistole schreit) »Und ihr haltet jetztvor dem Mund und Pistole in der Hand Theaterunterricht

  2. Verkndungsblatt 11|2013 Ausgabedatum 05.07.2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    eines "Doktor-Ingenieur Ehren halber", abgekürzt "Dr.-lng. E. h.". (3) Der Grad "Dr.-lng." kann auf dem

  3. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 56595674, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/5659/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ,2, and C. Simmer1 1Meteorologisches Institut, Universit¨at Bonn, Auf dem H¨ugel 20, 53121 Bonn, Germany 2

  4. Leitseite Meldungen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Hochschulrechenzentrum der Universität Bonn _______________________________________________ HTML-Editor Expression Web Mit dem Erscheinen von Microsoft Office 2007 ist der HTML-Editor FrontPage nicht mehr verfügbar, der

  5. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Wilson,Cathy; Rowland,Joel; Gangodagamage,Chandana

    2013-12-08

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  6. ,,Wissen, das sich nicht tglich ver-mehrt, nimmt ab."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    europäischen Hochschulen, die sich die Erforschung Erneuerbarer Energien zur zentralen Zukunftsaufgabe machten-Stand ihre Forschungen auf dem Gebiet Erneuer- bare Energien und Energieeffizienz dar. Außerdem wird das

  7. Climate change and uncertainty in ecological niche modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Otto

    2011-01-01

    DEM), slope, aspect, solar potential, radio detection andslope, aspect, and solar potential), dependent variables (covariate. Aspect and solar potential have the highest

  8. Rubbing Alcohol Adhesive Strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ®) · Cetirizine (compare to Zyrtec®) Baby Care · Diaper Rash Ointment · Digital Thermometer Cough and Cold · Cough Suppressant · Cough Drops · Anti-Bacterial Wipes · Cold and Flu Relief · Cold and Sinus Relief · Children

  9. Nottingham Trent University, PhD Studentship Opportunities in Art & Design, March 2014 School Research group Supervisor's Name Project title Short Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    'real' and virtual). ART Decorative Arts Lharne Shaw, 3D Printing of Relief Forms onto Ceramic Tiles 3D printing of relief forms onto ceramic tiles. We are looking for an experienced ceramicist to join the team

  10. Strategies for an integrated US industry response to a humanitarian disaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Sheau Kai

    2007-01-01

    This thesis focuses on developing strategies to improve coordination between private businesses, relief agencies, and the government in order to deliver more efficient and effective disaster relief during major national ...

  11. 225 N. Washington Street Alexandria, VA 22314

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    legislation Passed at the Close of the 112th Congress H.R. 8: american Taxpayer Relief act of 2012 passed the provisions of the American Taxpayer Relief Act was an extension of the adoption tax credit

  12. Missed Out on Federal Tax Credits? You're in Luck!

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Tax Relief Act of 2010 extended the federal energy efficiency tax credits for homeowners through the end of 2011.

  13. Middle East 2007 EAGE 71

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    of the experiment. Data acquisition Survey area The field is a NE-SW elongated, moderate relief anticli- nal

  14. Montpellier 8 March 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    sample 835 Public works/construction 46% Arms and defence 38% Oil and gas 21% Banking and finance 15 Deforested areas (90-00, FAO) Nigeria Indonesia Camerun Madagascar Rep. Dem. Congo Niger Costa d 200 Sommatoria indici Nigeria Indonesia Camerun Madagascar Rep.Dem.Congo Niger Costad'Avorio Zimbabwe

  15. 2006 Land Cover Map for the Southern Appalachian Study Area Developed by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    used included digital elevation models (DEMs), DEM slope calculations, and 2006 NAPP DOQQs (used for training sets). We classified imagery using classification and regression tree method (CART) using-validation to improve classification accuracy (boosting) and estimate accuracy (cross-validation). Objective: Mapping

  16. Enrichment Lecture Kolloquiums-Reihe des Instituts fr Informatik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Praxisbeispielen aus dem Volkswagen-Konzern Dr. Patrick Stiefel Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg, Konzern Produktdatenmanagement (K-PDM) Fachliche Entwicklung und Steuerung (FES), K-EP/F Große Konzerne wie der Volkswagen Volkswagen AG mit dem ,,K-PDM Projekt" versucht, durch zunehmende Integration von PLM-Methoden und -Ansätzen

  17. arXiv:1301.0752v1[physics.flu-dyn]4Jan2013 Fluid-particle flow modelling and validation using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luding, Stefan

    -way-coupled mesoscale SPH-DEM Martin Robinsona, , Stefan Ludinga , Marco Ramaiolib aMultiscale Mechanics, University to resolve the pore-scale is too great. It then becomes necessary to use unresolved, or mesoscale, fluid simulations. This mesoscale is the focus of this paper and the domain of applicability for the SPH-DEM method

  18. The Astrophysical Journal, in press A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution in the Young

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guedel, Manuel

    to this temperature regime. We argue that the DEM distribution seen in EK Dra is induced by the propertiesThe Astrophysical Journal, in press A Determination of the Coronal Emission Measure Distribution of a coronal differential emission measure (DEM) analysis of the nearby analog of the young Sun, EK Draconis

  19. Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dent, Alexander W.

    Hybrid Signcryption Schemes With Outsider Security (Extended Abstract) Alexander W. Dent.dent@rhul.ac.uk Abstract. This paper expands the notion of a KEM­DEM hybrid en- cryption scheme to the signcryption setting by introducing the notion of a signcryption KEM, a signcryption DEM and a hybrid signcryption scheme. We present

  20. FUSION OF DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS USING SPARSE REPRESENTATIONS H. Papasaika1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    FUSION OF DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS USING SPARSE REPRESENTATIONS H. Papasaika1 , E. Kokiopoulou2 , E Science and Engineering, EPFL, Switzerland Working Groups I/2, III/1, III/4, III/5 KEY WORDS: DEMs, fusion acquisition technology, the processing chain, and the characteristics of the terrain. DEM fusion aims

  1. kommunikation Pressemitteilung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

    leistungsfähigen, energieeffizienten und zugleich kostengünstigen Chips ist nicht erst seit dem Internet of Things- schung ist es unter anderem, die Laufzeit von Mobilgeräten und Internet- of-Things-Anwendungen zu Raumfahrttechnik, der Industrieautomatisierung und dem Internet-of-Things anpassen lässt. Die neuartige FDSOI

  2. Rekindling the flame: reconstructing a fire history for Peters Mountain, Giles County, Virginia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoss, Jennifer Ann

    2009-05-15

    Beginning in the late 1930s, fire exclusion has drastically altered the vegetation dynamics of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Extremely low fire frequency has allowed for more shade-tolerant species to invade once predominantly open forests...

  3. An Evaluation of Shadow Shielding for Lunar System Waste Heat Rejection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worn, Cheyn

    2012-07-16

    Shadow shielding is a novel and practical concept for waste heat rejection from lunar surface spacecraft systems. A shadow shield is a light shield that shades the radiator from parasitic thermal radiation emanating from the sun or lunar surface...

  4. MECHANISMS CONTROLLING THE AIR-SEA FLUX IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Ric

    global scale features in Fig. 1 are the outgassing of ¦©¨ from the tropical oceans, and the influx at mid G observations by Takahashi et al. (1999). Shaded areas indicate outgassing. The map is derived from

  5. Daylighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the house. For example: South-facing windows allow most winter sunlight into the home but little direct sun during the summer, especially when properly shaded North-facing...

  6. Ventilation Systems for Cooling | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ventilation can help keep your home cool during hot days. To avoid heat buildup in your home, plan ahead by landscaping your lot to shade your house. If you replace your roof,...

  7. The lightspeed automatic interactive lighting preview system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millard

    2007-01-01

    We present an automated approach for high-quality preview of feature-film rendering during lighting design. Similar to previous work, we use a deep-framebuffer shaded on the GPU to achieve interactive performance. Our first ...

  8. Assessing the Effectiveness of Water Quality Best Management Practices for Grazing-Lands 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, Calvin Russell

    2013-12-10

    grazing evaluated how stocking rate affected bacterial loading. E. coli concentrations in runoff samples were compared between plots with various stocking rates. GPS collars were used to determine how a shade pavilion, water source, or rip-rap effected...

  9. Meal Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prairie View University

    2009-01-01

    Petroleum and plant-derived spray oils show increasing potential for use as part of Integrated Pest Management systems for control of soft-bodied pests on fruit trees, shade trees, woody ornamentals and household plants. ...

  10. Using Oils As Pesticides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogran, Carlos E.; Ludwig, Scott; Metz, Bradley

    2006-10-30

    Petroleum and plant-derived spray oils show increasing potential for use as part of Integrated Pest Management systems for control of soft-bodied pests on fruit trees, shade trees, woody ornamentals and household plants. ...

  11. Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandes, Luis L.

    2014-01-01

    A. , D’Herdt, P. , 2008, Lighting energy savings in officesLux Europa, 11 th European Lighting Conference, Istanbul,evaluation of the dimmable lighting, automated shading, and

  12. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study 2013: Preferred Builders...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2-foot overhangs shade the windows from high summer sun but let in low winter sun. The roof uses "cool roof " shingles with a solar refl ectance index of 29 that meets ENERGY STAR...

  13. Utilization and Dissipation of Absorbed Light Energy in the Epiphytic Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Bromeliad Tillandsia Ionantha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Craig E.; Tuffers, Arnd; Herppich, Werner B.; von Willert, Dieter J.

    1999-01-01

    Past studies of the ability of epiphytic Crassulacean acid metabolism bromeliads to acclimate to different light levels yield conflicting findings; some indicate that these plants are similar to shade plants whereas ...

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN CONSULTANTS + LIGHTING DESIGNERS | atelierten.com Sustainable Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    ) with DOA energy recovery with 4-pipe VAV & 2nd chilled water heat exchanger 2. Provide hydronic r · Understanding annual sky cover conditions informs design decisions for shading strategies, glazing types

  15. Specialty Coffee in Costa Rica: Effect of Environmental Factors and Management Options on Soil Chemistry and Microbial Composition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturm-Flores, Linda

    2012-07-16

    In the Central Valley of Costa Rica in the Department of Heredia, I investigated the soil chemical properties and microbial communities under four native shade tree species in a coffee agroforestry system. In the second ...

  16. Simulating the high-redshift universe in the sub-mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eelco van Kampen

    2003-10-10

    I present various simulations of an on-going large sub-mm survey, SHADES, showing how constraints can be put on galaxy formation models and cosmology from this survey.

  17. Decoupled Sampling for Real-Time Graphics Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan

    2010-03-29

    We propose decoupled sampling, an approach that decouples shading from visibility sampling in order to enable motion blur and depth-of-field at reduced cost. More generally, it enables extensions of modern real-time graphics ...

  18. Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar

    We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

  19. Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    in Fig. 1. Applications for such buffering include power supplies, solar photovoltaic inverters, electric), to absorb and supply the energy, Eb, indicated by the shaded area in (b). Since the peak buffered energy

  20. Energy Procedia 55 (2014) 320 325 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    Conference on Silicon Photovoltaics, SiliconPV 2014 Boron implanted, laser annealed p+ emitter for n advantages associated with the IBC solar cell design involve no optical shading loss with front metal grid

  1. EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 17 Photovoltaic Modules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Todd J.

    1 EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 17 Photovoltaic Modules Dr. Todd J. Kaiser tjkaiser with the lowest output · Cells usually matched to each other · Shaded cell acts like poor cell ­ Significantly

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Optimal Cell Connections for Improving Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled (MEPV) Modules PosterTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) ModulesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00...

  4. Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perreault, Dave

    , as illustrated in Fig. 1. Applications for such buffering include power supplies, solar photovoltaic inverters, Eb, indicated by the shaded area in (b). frequency of a power electronic converter interfacing

  5. The Ross Biological Reserve Sustainable Building Project MISSION. This project aims to improve teaching, research, and particularly outreach at the Reserve by creating a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    conservation, "net-zero" photovoltaic power, and space for a graduate ecologist-in-residence to coordinate a geothermal heat pump warming a radiant hydronic floor. superinsulating walls and ceilings, shading

  6. Removing Systematic Errors from Rotating Shadowband Pyranometer Data Frank Vignola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    of the pyranometer to briefly shade the pyranometer once a minute. Direct hori- zontal irradiance is calculated used in programs evaluating the performance of photovoltaic systems, and systematic errors in the data

  7. Newcomers Coffee 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    In the Central Valley of Costa Rica in the Department of Heredia, I investigated the soil chemical properties and microbial communities under four native shade tree species in a coffee agroforestry system. In the second year of the study, Effective...

  8. Regeneration ecology of broadleaved trees in Caledonian Forest 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogilvy, Tanya

    This thesis quantifies aspects of shade tolerance in tree seedlings of species native to the Caledonian pinewood ecosystems of Glen Affric (Highland Region, Inverness-shire). Growth, allocation and morphological responses ...

  9. A shader based adaptation of selected sixteenth century maps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, Shaila Sabrina

    2008-10-10

    This research develops a technique focused on shading and texturing, with an emphasis on line work and color, to emulate the unique qualities of copperplate line-engraving from 16th century cartography. A visual analysis ...

  10. Winter in Sacramento Mountains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Beginning in the late 1930s, fire exclusion has drastically altered the vegetation dynamics of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Extremely low fire frequency has allowed for more shade-tolerant species to invade once predominantly open forests...

  11. Research news: UC Desert Research and Extension Center celebrates 100 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meadows, Robin

    2012-01-01

    desertresearch UC ANR Research and Extension Center Systemacres. Results of first research on artificial shades forIttner and C.F. Kelly; research by V.E. Mendel, W.N. Garrett

  12. Protecting Elm Trees from Elm Bark Beetle on the Texas High Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Patrick; Baugh, Brant A.; Siders, Kerry; Riley, Cherinell; Young, Stanley

    2001-06-27

    This publication can help you recognize and understand the development of the lesser European elm bark beetle, which threatens elm trees on the Texas High Plains. Management and prevention measures are discussed. Deciduous shade and flowering trees...

  13. Mapping comfort : an analysis method for understanding diversity in the thermal environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Amanda Laurel

    2012-01-01

    Our thermal experience is never neutral. Whether standing near a cold window in the winter, or in the shade on a sunny day, we constantly experience a rich set of thermal stimuli. Yet, many of the tools used in professional ...

  14. New Braunfels Utilities - Energy Efficiency and Water Conservation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AC & Heat Pump: 200 - 500 Washing Machine: 100 Solar Water Heater: 900 Solar ScreenFilm: up to 300 LED Exit Sign: 20 Shade Tree: 25 Rain BarrelCistern: 1gallon Drought...

  15. PPPL Fall/Winter CO-OP 2008-09 Savraj Deep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budny, Robert

    issues Plotting multiple animated f(x.t) variables simultaneously ColorMap smooth shading Saving Color that the users select for a particular ColorMap graph can now be saved permanently when the graph is saved. #12

  16. Piko: A Framework for Authoring Programmable Graphics Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patney, Anjul; Tzeng, Stanley; Seitz, Kerry A. Jr.; Owens, John D.

    2015-01-01

    shading. In Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, ComputerIn Proceed- ings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Computer GraphicsIn Proceedings of the 2006 ACM/IEEE Con- ference on

  17. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2011-01-01

    solar (W/m2) Table 13: Base case annual energy consumptionsolar gain on window (W/m2) Figure 25: Total energy consumptionlighting energy consumption. Figure 11: Solar shading and

  18. WINDOW 6.2/THERM 6.2 Research Version User Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Robin

    2008-01-01

    Shading Layer Library Input ID Name Type The unique IDvalues in this library are dependent on the Type selectedLayer library currently allows the definition of three types

  19. The balance of planting and mortality in a street tree population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    improve air quality, reduce stormwater runoff, sequester carbon dioxide, shade buildings to reduce energy-size and large trees; this represents a Type III mortality curve. We used multivariate logistic regression

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Easement and the Solar Shade Control Act SB 1399 of 2008 amended the Public Resources Code to exempt trees and shrubs planted prior to the installation of a solar system....

  1. The urban waterfront in flux : accommodating uncertainty in Brooklyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Jaime Renée

    2011-01-01

    Urban waterfronts are host to every shade of a city's development. Once pulsating with trade and production, the very reason for the city's existence, the mid 20th century brought jarring macroeconomic shifts and technological ...

  2. 2006 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; December 2006; v. 34; no. 12; p. 10811084; doi: 10.1130/G22966A.1; 4 figures; 1 table; Data Repository item 2006234. 1081

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    lines show location of Petrobra´s 18 s reflection lines. Light-gray shaded region shows BP survey area Petrobra´s wells. Filled square shows the loca- tion of ``point A'' of Silva and Maciel (1998

  3. St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but has a high tolerance for shade-season grass. It does best in full sun and high temperatures. Goes dormant and turns brown in winter. Very

  4. U

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for documentation or dates. This chart is available on the DOE NEPA Web site at energy.govNEPA Report Date: 8172015 Total Actions Total Actions * Shaded entries are...

  5. Measurement of light capture in solar cells from silver- and tin-plated patterned bus bars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winiarz, Christine Eve

    2007-01-01

    Bus bars on solar cells shade silicon from light. When the bus bars are patterned, they can reflect light back onto the silicon using total internal reflection. These patterned bus bars are tin plated and produce 1-2.5% ...

  6. Adaptive Toldo systems T?M?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schleicher, Simon (Simon R.)

    2009-01-01

    This thesis investigates the structural, spatial, and climatic performance of the Toldo - a traditional lightweight street shading device, which is emblematic of Islamic cityscapes. Re-examining its historical roots along ...

  7. Journal papers and books citing my work (in progress) Current total: 267

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliensis, John

    .J., Griffin, P.A., Redlich, A.N. Statistical Approach to Shape from Shading: Reconstruction of Three, GA, Hancock, ER "Recovery of surface orientation from dif- fuse polarization," IEEE TRANSACTIONS

  8. One of the most pervasive human impacts to salt marshes around the world is the introduction of nonnative species. Plant introductions to salt marsh systems have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    . The aboveground structure shades the substrate, reducing photosynthesis of benthic microalgae and restricts water plant biomass and peat production, influence sediment chemistry and metabolism. In addition, belowground plant biomass can preempt substantial amounts of belowground habitat, directly reducing benthic

  9. SUBSPACE MODELS FOR FUNCTIONAL MRI DATA ANALYSIS Laboratory of Mathematics in Imaging, Department of Radiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    response in the time series and vice versa. Figure 1 illustrates this situation. The shaded areas indicate, Department of Radiology Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School ABSTRACT The models used

  10. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

  11. Cooling our Communities. A Guidebook on Tree Planting and Light-Colored Surfacing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2009-01-01

    in the shading of a solar collector or south facing windowscool. If you have a solar collector even by deciduous trees.sunlight falling on solar collectors, on another property.

  12. Winter Conference on Neural Plasticity, Tahiti (Moorea) February 22-Mar 1, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    lesson learned: even if you are completely in the shade, put on sunscreen because the reflected light eyes starting stinging badly -- I think my sunscreen had oozed into them. It was really nasty and all I

  13. Estimating solar access of typical residential rooftops: A case study in San Jose, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen M.; Gupta, Smita; Akbari, Hashem; Pomerantz, Melvin

    2008-03-03

    Shadows cast by trees and buildings can limit the solar access of rooftop solar-energy systems, including photovoltaic panels and thermal collectors. This study characterizes rooftop shading in a residential neighborhood of San Jose, CA, one of four regions analyzed in a wider study of the solar access of California homes.High-resolution orthophotos and LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) measurements of surface height were used to create a digital elevation model of all trees and buildings in a 4 km2 residential neighborhood. Hourly shading of roofing planes (the flat elements of roofs) was computed geometrically from the digital elevation model. Parcel boundaries were used to determine the extent to which roofing planes were shaded by trees and buildings in neighboring parcels.In the year in which surface heights were measured (2005), shadows from all sources ("total shading") reduced the insolation received by S-, SW-, and W-facing residential roofing planes in the study area by 13 - 16percent. Shadows cast by trees and buildings in neighboring parcels reduced insolation by no more than 2percent. After 30 years of simulated maximal tree growth, annual total shading increased to 19 - 22percent, and annual extraparcel shading increased to 3 - 4percent.

  14. EXC-13-0002 - In the Matter of Technical Consumer Products, Inc...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    decision in which OHA granted exception relief to Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and Osram Sylvania, Inc. (OSI), as well as several subsequent cases...

  15. EXC-13-0003 - In the Matter of W.W. Grainger, Inc. | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    decision in which OHA granted exception relief to Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and Osram Sylvania, Inc. (OSI), as well as several subsequent cases...

  16. EXC-12-0013 - In the Matter of EiKO, Ltd. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    decision in which OHA granted exception relief to Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and Osram Sylvania, Inc. (OSI), as well as several subsequent cases...

  17. EXC-13-0001 - In the Matter of Feit Electric Company, Inc. |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    decision in which OHA granted exception relief to Philips Lighting Company (Philips), GE Lighting (GE) and Osram Sylvania, Inc. (OSI), as well as several subsequent cases...

  18. PRESSURIZATION TEST RESULTS: BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION ENERGY CONSERVATION STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krinkel, D.L.

    2013-01-01

    solar, electric heat pump, point-of-use electric heaters, andsolar plumbing runs and the pressure relief pipes from the "point-of- use" water heaters

  19. Local regulation of immigration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appleby, Clare A.

    2009-01-01

    2006. The Citizen and the Alien. Princeton, NJ: PrincetonPennsylvania. 2006. “Illegal Alien Immigration Relief Act. ”2001. “The Evolution of Alien Rights in the United States,

  20. The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Nancy E.

    and techniques, explosive residuals bioremediation, and water for humanitarian and disaster relief. GEo. Close cooperation is maintained with other departments in the College, the Water Resources Research

  1. Along-strike changes in Himalayan thrust geometry: Topographic and tectonic discontinuities in western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harvey, JE; Burbank, DW; Bookhagen, B

    2015-01-01

    denuda- tion, relief, and uplift in large, mid-latitudeBedrock inci- sion, rock uplift and threshold hillslopes induring rapid post–12 Ma uplift of the Bolivian Andes:

  2. Acquisition Guide Chapter 50.1- Extraordinary Contractual Actions...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) contractor indemnification for unusually hazardous or nuclear risks as a form of extraordinary contractual relief pursuant to Pub. L....

  3. Thermal and Structural Analysis of Targets and Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    ksi). Irradiated YS and UTS are Higher than Unirradiated Additive Manufacturing - Benefits Fabrication, cooling, hot gaps, expansion relief, etc.). · New Additive Manufacturing Techniques Offer Potential

  4. Office of Enterprise Assessments Operational Awareness Record...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    controls were inappropriately identified as mitigative rather than preventative (e.g., pressure relief valves). Identifying some controls as mitigative can result in...

  5. Idahoans Saving Green by Going Green

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    One resident relying on Social Security for her income gets relief from energy bills with Recovery Act-funded weatherization improvements.

  6. Propulsion Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    stress relieved via fast induction coil heating, and conventional furnace stress relief heat treatments at 593 and 649C. Error bars represent multiple measurements. Furnace...

  7. August 2000 (Data-Mining ) Michael Ferris , Todd Munson Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad R. Gholami, Luba Tetruashvili, Erik G. Strom, Yair Censor Cooperative .... A Stochastic Optimization Model for Designing Last Mile Relief Networks

  8. Art became my window : California youth art activism in the undocumented rights movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartz, Virginia Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    blame and deport ‘illegal aliens’ for social problems in theRelief, and Education of Alien Minors Act), which was firststereotypes of ‘illegal aliens’, at times confronting them

  9. Between Dada and Architecture: Marcel Janco in Zurich and Bucharest, 1916-1939

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avivi, Adele

    2012-01-01

    Janco, Relief A7 (Architecture), 1917, painted plasterfor Brilliant Empire Architecture, 1918, collage. Figure2.5. Marcel Janco, Petit architecture lumière, 1919, painted

  10. K-Adaptability in Two-Stage Robust Binary Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-03-30

    for transporting relief supplies or evacuating citizens in the event of a hypothetical ..... Handbooks in Operations Research and Management Science, vol.

  11. Probabilistic Calibration of a Discrete Particle Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yanbei

    2011-10-21

    A discrete element model (DEM) capable of reproducing the mechanistic behavior of a triaxial compressive test performed on a Vosges sandstone specimen is presented considering similar experimental testing conditions and ...

  12. Giant Optical Manipulation Vladlen G. Shvedov,1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by light, the surrounding gas molecules rebound off the surface with different velocities creating an inte. In this Letter we dem- onstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, that the optical-to-mechanical energy

  13. Universally Composable Cryptographic Library Michael Backes, Birgit Pfitzmann, and Michael Waidner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Universally Composable Cryptographic Library Michael Backes, Birgit Pfitzmann, and Michael Waidner message from the basic message space the term E(E(m)). typical cancellation D(E(m)) all In cryptographic

  14. Ubungen zur Geometrie und ihrer Didaktik --Blatt 5 --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Tilman

    Bruchteil der Windkraft, die dem An- trieb des Segelboots zu Gute kommt, wenn die Segelfl¨ache den Winkel Erkl¨arung auch eine Skizze an. Tipp: Betrachten Sie zun¨achst den Bruchteil der Windkraft, die einen

  15. Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread poverty; Diversity across Africa in primary school completion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Central Afr. Chad Republic Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Dem. Rep.from a quarter of a million in Comoros to over 47 million inthe small island nation of Comoros. Among countries that had

  16. Stat.3 (Statistische Synopse): bersicht ber die Standard-Methoden Wahrscheinlichkeits-Verteilungen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Hierzu plotten wir jeweils #12;2 Diskretes Histogramm Mit dem MATLAB-Befehl Anz=hist(spike,max(spike)/bin); zählen wir die Spikezahlen pro bin und können dafür das empirische Histogramm ausgeben: hist(Anz,15) Zum

  17. Journal of Crystal Growth 101 (1990) 341-345 North-Holland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Roland

    1990-01-01

    Wissenschaften der DDR, Haumogteiplatr 5-7, DDR-1086 Berlin, German Dem. Rep. The dynamical Stark effect to the imaginary part of the exciton-phonon self energy. Its strong frequency dependence which shows up as a non

  18. 2/1/2014 Mikro-Windrder: ko-Strom frs Handyunterwegs -WinFuture.de http://winfuture.de/news,79732.html 1/4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Windrades auf dem nächsten Feld. Forscher haben diese Systeme nämlich miniaturisiert, um sie unterwegs. Mikro-Windrad Als Basis-Material kommt bei der Technologie Nickel zum Einsatz. Weiterhin griffen die

  19. Digital Elevation Model, 0.25 m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cathy Wilson; Garrett Altmann

    2015-11-20

    This 0.25m horizontal resolution digital elevation model, DEM, was developed from Airborne Laser Altimetry flown by Aerometric Inc, now known as Quantum Spatial, Inc. on 12 July, 2013. One Mission was flown and the data jointly processed with LANL personnel to produce a 0.25m DEM covering a region approximately 2.8km wide and 12.4km long extending from the coast above North Salt Lagoon to south of Gas Well Road. This DEM encompasses a diverse range of hydrologic, geomorphic, geophysical and biological features typical of the Barrow Peninsula. Vertical accuracy at the 95% confidence interval was computed as 0.143m. The coordinate system, datum, and geoid for this DEM are UTM Zone 4N, NAD83 (2011), NAVD88 (GEOID09).

  20. Organisation der Informatikdienstleistungen am Departement fr Chemie und Biochemie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mühlemann, Oliver

    Organisation der Informatikdienstleistungen am Departement für Chemie und Biochemie Version 1 Informatikdienstleistungen am Departement für Chemie und Biochemie (DCB) werden von dem Informatikverantwortlichen (IVA) und-Administrator: Personalsekretariat DCB · Poolraum (Drucker) Fachverein · Homepage Departement Sekretariat BioChemie · IT