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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "deka deci centi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

So How Do THey DeciDe  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

So How Do So How Do THey DeciDe wHaT To Do aT THe iNL? nuclear energy Nuclear energy is a clean, safe, vital part of this country's energy mix. S takeholders frequently tell us they're impressed by all the nuclear research we do at the idaho National Laboratory, but they wonder why we don't do more work on renewable energy, like wind, solar and hydro. well, the answer is, we do research in those

2

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2005 1271 Measurement of Centi-Gray X-Ray Dose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2005 1271 Measurement of Centi-Gray X- bination of single sheet higher film sensitivity to low energy X-rays along with a layered film dosimetryGy if required. Index Terms--Absorption spectra, gafchromic XR type T, low dose, radiation dosimetry

Yu, K.N.

3

Conversion Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Conversion Tables Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Conversion Tables Contents taken from Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate, 1990. ORNL/CDIAC-39, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Third Edition. Edited by: Fred O'Hara Jr. 1 - International System of Units (SI) Prefixes 2 - Useful Quantities in CO2 3 - Common Conversion Factors 4 - Common Energy Unit Conversion Factors 5 - Geologic Time Scales 6 - Factors and Units for Calculating Annual CO2 Emissions Using Global Fuel Production Data Table 1. International System of Units (SI) Prefixes Prefix SI Symbol Multiplication Factor exa E 1018 peta P 1015 tera T 1012 giga G 109 mega M 106 kilo k 103 hecto h 102 deka da 10 deci d 10-1 centi c 10-2

4

rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci-sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are sup-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells developed DrillEdge to reduce the cost and decrease the probability of fail- ures in oil well drilling. Currently, DrillEdge continuously mon- itors around 30 oil well drilling operations in parallel for sever

Aamodt, Agnar

5

POWERS OF TEN 10 deka (da)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND ENERGY FLOW Reference energy measure: 1joule (J) 1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 1 kJ 1 million Btu = 1 Celsius + 273.15 #12;ENERGY: REFERENCE NUMBERS APPROXIMATE VALUES OF THE MOST COMMON MEASURES OF ENERGY,000,000,000 gigajoules = 1 exajoule Reference energy-flow measure: 1 watt (W) = 1joule per second 1 million bbl of oil

Kammen, Daniel M.

6

Project TRACS: Empirically Investigating Transformation through Relatedness, Autonomy, and Competence Support Logic Model Rooted in Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project TRACS: Empirically Investigating Transformation through Relatedness, Autonomy appointments toolkit (R, A , C) Project TRACS PI/Director Co-Director & Manager Project Leads & Team MSU&T and hiring procedures -Modern sexism is reduced -Women faculty feel improved job satisfaction -Women intend

Dyer, Bill

7

unitsmetricrpp.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

International International system of units (SI) 1 3. INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (SI) See "The International System of Units (SI)," NIST Special Publication 330, B.N. Taylor, ed. (USGPO, Washington, DC, 1991); and "Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI)," NIST Special Publication 811, 1995 edition, B.N. Taylor (USGPO, Washington, DC, 1995). SI prefixes 10 24 yotta (Y) 10 21 zetta (Z) 10 18 exa (E) 10 15 peta (P) 10 12 tera (T) 10 9 giga (G) 10 6 mega (M) 10 3 kilo (k) 10 2 hecto (h) 10 deca (da) 10 -1 deci (d) 10 -2 centi (c) 10 -3 milli (m) 10 -6 micro (µ) 10 -9 nano (n) 10 -12 pico (p) 10 -15 femto (f) 10 -18 atto (a) 10 -21 zepto (z) 10 -24 yocto (y) J. Beringer et al.(PDG), PR D86, 010001 (2012) and 2013 update for the 2014 edition (http://pdg.lbl.gov) December 18, 2013 12:01 2 3. International system of units (SI) Physical quantity Name of unit Symbol Base units length meter

8

Profit Maximization of Cognitive Virtual Network Operator in A Dynamic Wireless Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the transmission price (deci- sion variable) and market state (exogenous stochastics). · Realistic cognitive radio

Huang, Jianwei

9

New fuel injector design lowers cost  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the Bendix Deka injector series. Bendix engineers have been striving to lessen costs of all portions of the injection equipment, especially single and multipoint injectors. Results of these efforts are advanced, thin-edged orifice and floating unitized armature designs. External configurations of both multipoint and single point Bendix Deka injectors are such that they can directly replace existing products. Both injector types are designed to be able to deliver any calibration within the currently-known requirements. Flow tolerances for Deka injectors match all known requirements, representing a good economic balance between performance and cost. Materials were carefully chosen for wear and corrosion resistance.

De Grace, L.G.; Bata, G.T.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

A prehistory of Indian Y chromosomes: Evaluating demic diffusion scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Oxford, U.K.), pp. 257 264. 3 Pappu, R. S. & Rao, J. V. P. ( 1983 ) Bull. Deccan...J., Papiha, S. S. & Villems, R. ( 1999 ) in Genomic Diversity , eds. Papiha, S. S., Deka, R. & Chakraborty, R. (Kluwer, Boston), pp...

Sanghamitra Sahoo; Anamika Singh; G. Himabindu; Jheelam Banerjee; T. Sitalaximi; Sonali Gaikwad; R. Trivedi; Phillip Endicott; Toomas Kivisild; Mait Metspalu; Richard Villems; V. K. Kashyap

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Linking Perceptions of School Belonging to Academic Motivation and Academic Achievement Amongst Student Athletes: A Comparative Study Between High-Revenue Student Athletes and Non-Revenue Student Athletes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60, 49-66. Ryan, R. , Stiller, J. , & Lynch, J. (1994).Powelson, 1991; Ryan, Stiller, & Lynch, 1994). Deci et al.

Anderson, Christine Marie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

E-Print Network 3.0 - affects life history Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

41 Animal personalities and the divergence of life histories Summary: how life- history decisions that have already been made affect the costs and benefits of deci- sions......

13

Genomic Diversity at Thirteen Short Tandem Repeat Loci in a Substructured Caste Population, Golla, of Southern Andhra Pradesh, India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among such populations. In fact, many successful at- tempts have been made to use this class of markers for understanding the evolu- tionary relationships among global populations, both at the racial and the conti- nental levels (Deka et al. 1995; Nei... method (Li 1976). Pairwise genetic distances were computed using the modi- fied Cavalli-Sforza distance (DA) of Nei et al. (1983). Although this genetic dis- tance measure is not linear with evolutionary time, it is observed to be most efficient...

Reddy, B. Mohan; Sun, Guangyun; Luis, Javier Rodriguez; Crawford, Michael H.; Hemam, Natabar Shyam; Deka, Ranjan

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

DNA fingerprinting in anthropological genetics: past, present, future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polymorphisms, and direct sequencing not only to identi of markers (or prints) of entire populations. In the field o to reconstruct evolutionary history and answer questions the effects of admixture and adaptation to different envir 2013 Crawford and Beaty..., Deka R, Young K, Crawford MH: Genetic architecture of a small, recently aggregated Aleut population: Bering Island. Hum Biol 2010, 82(506):719736. 30. Crawford MH, Rubicz RC, Zlojutro M: Origins of Aleuts and the genetic structure of populations...

Crawford, Michael H.; Beaty, Kristine Gatchalian

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

15

Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Paid  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Wastren-EnergX Mission Support LLC Contract Number: DE-CI0000004 Contract Type: Cost Plus Award Fee 128,879,762 Contract Period: December 2009 - July 2015 Fee Information...

16

Environmental Health Policy Decisions: The Role of Uncertainty in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998 Abstract Regulatory reform will increasingly call for more economic analysis in deci- sions about of environmental health. The present article follows this train of thought while noting that regulatory reform

Washington at Seattle, University of

17

Security decision-making among interdependent organizations R. Ann Miura-Ko, Benjamin Yolken, John Mitchell, and Nicholas Bambos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same passwords at several independent web sites, security deci- sions by one organization may have- ments of others. We apply this framework to investigate three examples: web site security with shared

Mitchell, John C.

18

PUBLISHED OCCASIONALLY BY THE FRIENDS OF THE BANCROFT LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94720  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cases and procedures in the office of the District Attorney of Alameda County, state finance, executive, with the Governor under pressure of deci- sion-making and their ensuing cabbages- and-kings conversations, that mark

California at Berkeley, University of

19

Outside Review of the Doctoral Program of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry of Texas Technical University (TTU)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

observed no desire to remain static. There is also a deci- sion-making process in place to support with the internal and external reviewers present and again on February 6 among internal reviewers. The review team

Rock, Chris

20

UK emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...other land use, (v) waste, and (vi) other sources...forestry (LULUCF) and waste are similarly proportioned...8 per cent and manure storage systems for 6 per cent...is reported here from long-term monitoring of greenhouse...are still not enough long-term datasets to provide the...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "deka deci centi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

TEMPERATURE-GRADIENT INCUBATOR FOR DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE RANGE OF GROWTH OF MICROORGANISMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperatures at each end, and with insulation to prevent heat transfer...of compressed glass fiber. Insulation for the sides is rigid polyure...Centi- meter scale. thane foam poured in situ and permanently...sterilization, the top and side insulation, as well as heaters, thermoregula...

R. Paul Elliott

1963-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

The RD114/simian type D retrovirus receptor is a neutral amino acid transporter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predicted 196-bp product (details are provided at http://www-shgc.stanford.edu/Mapping/rh/procedure/rhassaynew.html...hybrid mapping localized RDR to within 13 centiRay of marker SHGC-57346 (logarithm of odds score 12.10) located on the long...

John E. J. Rasko; Jean-Luc Battini; Rebecca J. Gottschalk; Ilya Mazo; A. Dusty Miller

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pan, to hold the sample under the oil. (Provide a hole in screen for the thermometer if one is used.) 4. Optional- A thermometer reading to 200° centi- grade (292°F). Procedure A. Collect one to one and one-half cups of oil (and thermometer if used). Turn the dial to read "0." Leave

24

The Acculturation of Chinese-American Adolescents in Negotiating Autonomy and Connectedness: Comparison between Chinese- and European-Americans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Hauser, Bell, & O?Connor, 1994; Collins & Repinski; Deci & Ryan, 1995; Grotevant & Cooper, 1986, 1998; Harter, 1999; Neff & Harter, 2002a; Ryan & Solky, 1996), families? ethnic backgrounds and cultural values play a role in defining the optimal..., Hauser, Bell, & O?Connor, 1994; Collins & Repinski; Deci & Ryan, 1995; Grotevant & Cooper, 1986, 1998; Harter, 1999; Neff & Harter, 2002a; Ryan & Solky, 1996), families? ethnic backgrounds and cultural values play a role in defining the optimal...

Chang, Tzu-Fen

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

25

The catalytic oxidation of propylene: investigation of the effects of composition on activities of Fe?O?, K?O promoted chromia-alumina catalysts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with silver ox!r}e. -'thylenc oxi 'e and car}&en dioxide were the piochzcts. T'ne oitinum temperature ?as found to bc n the vicinity of 260 to 270 degrees Centi};rude for a neiz catalyst. It i&as found that a ?dgh air-eth?ilens ratio i~s most favorable... with silver ox!r}e. -'thylenc oxi 'e and car}&en dioxide were the piochzcts. T'ne oitinum temperature ?as found to bc n the vicinity of 260 to 270 degrees Centi};rude for a neiz catalyst. It i&as found that a ?dgh air-eth?ilens ratio i~s most favorable...

Perkins, Thomas Keeble

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

On Hilbert's Tenth Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using an iterated Horner schema for evaluation of diophantine polynomials, we define a partial $\\mu$-recursive "decision" algorithm decis as a "race" for a first nullstelle versus a first (internal) proof of non-nullity for such a polynomial -- within a given theory T extending Peano Arithmetique PA. If T is diophantine sound, i.e., if (internal) provability implies truth -- for diophantine formulae --, then the T-map decis gives correct results when applied to the codes of polynomial inequalities $D(x_1,...,x_m) \

Michael Pfender

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

27

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 42454258, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/4245/2012/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that previously the occurrence of INES 7 major accidents and the risks of radioactive contamination have been removal processes of 137Cs and 131I are quite dif- ferent, the radioactive contamination patterns over reactor accident can subject around 30 million people to radioactive contamination. The recent deci- sion

Meskhidze, Nicholas

28

Modeling the Relations Between Flow Regime Components, Species Traits, and Spawning Success of Fishes in Warmwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of warmwater stream fishes and may guide deci- sions related to stream regulation and management. Keywords impoundment and regulation can reduce peak and low discharge events in terms of both frequency and magnitude (Petts 1986). Peaking hydro- electric power generation often releases discrete surges of water from

Kwak, Thomas J.

29

25 Years of MCDA in nuclear emergency management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......with high chemical/nuclear accident risk perceptions...involved, public policy deliberative processes...analysis to guide public policy deliberations. Decis...public debate on nuclear power. Eur. J...multi-criteria analysis in nuclear emergency management...Intelligent Decision and Policy Making Support Systems......

K. Nadia Papamichail; Simon French

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A Real-Time Decision Support System for High Cost Oil-Well Drilling Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Real-Time Decision Support System for High Cost Oil-Well Drilling Operations Odd Erik Gundersen In this paper we present DrillEdge - a commercial and award winning software system that monitors oil that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are supported through analyzing

Aamodt, Agnar

31

Estimating the Weight of Evidence in Forensic Speaker Verification Beat Pfister and Rene Beutler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

speech database is used to calibrate the valuation scale for an individual case. 1. Introduction. Since even the best SV systems are not able to make this deci- sion 100 % correctly, the trade properties (e.g. sex, age, mental and health state, language). In order to use SV in foren- sic casework, we

32

T-Negative Issue 22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

program. To substitute for the lower level, the dialogue was incredibly pyrotechnic. In all, the show was probably the best of the new Saturday morning offerings. However, STAR TREK was deci mated in the 70 market Neilson ratings, finishing a poor third...

Multiple Contributors

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

On the Complexity of Computing Generators of Closed Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Complexity of Computing Generators of Closed Sets Miki Hermann1 and Bari¸s Sertkaya2 1 LIX investigate the computational complexity of some deci- sion and counting problems related to generators the problem of checking the existence of a generator with a specified cardinality, and about the problem

Baader, Franz

34

Automated Meta-Level Control Reasoning in Complex Agents Anita Raja and Victor Lesser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time control decisions on schedul- ing and planning of domain actions. These deci- sions are made actions, interact with other agents, plan a course of action and carry it out. All these have to be done or replanning. This requires an agent's de- liberation to be interleaved with execution. The planning

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

35

48 CINCIA HOJE vol. 31 n 183 Bases biolgicas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustentabilidade ambiental. A decisão sobre essa questão, porém, também precisa levar em conta aspectos científicos- nômicos (expansão das ativida- des agrícolas), por um lado, e de sustentabilidade ambiental, por outro

Metzger, Jean Paul Walter

36

he Northwest Power and Conservation Council  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into account in deci- Fifth Northwest Power Plan Recommends Conservation, Wind Power to Reduce Risk of Future Adopts 23 Subbasin 8 Plans to Guide Fish and Wildlife Mitigation Success Stories: Flathead River 9 Flow on the Natural Resources; Fish, Wildlife and Parks; and Judiciary committees. Whiting, a member of the Confeder

37

Differentiability properties of Rank Linear Utilities G. Carlier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differentiability properties of Rank Linear Utilities G. Carlier April 8, 2006 Abstract We study generalize the rank dependent expected utility and are called rank-linear utilities in deci- sion theory results generalize those obtained for the rank dependent expected utility in [1]. The author wishes

Carlier, Guillaume

38

NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY Green Bank, West Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was chosen and thus noise on the BCD data lines causes only a temporary error. General Binary Coded Decimal Standard Identification Data is recorded as Binary Coded Decimal numbers. A standard frequency could location and the Binary-Coded Deci- mal Time Signals transmitted to the scopes. The second system

Groppi, Christopher

39

Sweden Beyond Oil: Nuclear Commitments and Solar Options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...based on national deci-sions...re-quires more integration between end...and wind energy have to be...planning on the national level and...Energy of renewable energy plantations...transport (the grid above, say...Moreover, the challenge to policy-makers...open-ended energy policy can...control by the national government...

M. Lnnroth; T. B. Johansson; P. Steen

1980-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

40

Identification of a mutation in COL4A5 causative for X-linked Alport syndrome in the domestic dog and analysis of gene expression in the kidneys of affected and nonaffected siblings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

matrix and basement membranes (Table 1). Types I-IV represent fibrous collagens while __________________ *Reprinted with permission from Lowe JK, Guyon R, Cox ML, Mitchell DC, Lonkar AL et al. (2003) Radiation hybrid mapping of the canine type I.../doggy.html and http://www.fhcrc.org/science/dog_genome/dog.html. 20 Results The COL1A1 gene mapped to CFA9, 7.65 centiRay (cR) from GNGT2 and 27.8 cR from Ren126A15, as previously stated (Breen et al. 2001). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH...

Cox, Melissa Luanne

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "deka deci centi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Potential vorticity in the thermocline of the Yucatan current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-H-6 19 7. The acceleration potential and geostrophic velocity, on the specific volume anomaly surface of Z50 centiliters per ton, at section II as a function of distance along the section. The location of section II is given in Figure 12 23 8.... Isopleths of acceleration potential in dynamic centimeters on the surface where the specific volume anomaly is equal to 200 centiliters per ton 25 9, Isopleths of acceleration potential in dynamic centi- meters on the surface where the specific volume...

Ahrens, John

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Ferruginous layers in sediments from the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/2 to 2 cm) bands in seven cores from the continental slope, continental rise, and Sigsbee abyssal plain, Iron, manganese, cobalt, and nickel content were determined in 132 samples from the yellow layers and surrounding sediments by Atomic... in the cores (Fig- ure 3). Often, two zones occur together, separated by only a few centi- meters of gray lutite. The enrichment of the iron-rich zones appears to be a function of dilution effects by non-ferruginous gray clays; the darker yellow, thin zones...

Watson, Jerry Allan

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Climax vegetation and soils of the Blackland Prairie of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for tie I iree, inte -e. , ts and h. rpful 'ugi, s!"intra prov'deci by my . nmraitt *r members, Drs, C. i, . Ccclf ray, J, D. R)odd and M. F, Sweet- Special I ha?!cs . re exrr. rr!cd tn 'r;:, V. r'I, Mo"!ruing, Pore. t Sci . . nc r. ?! or r. :r. ol a...

Collins, Odell Brown

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cell, Vol. 122, 169182, July 29, 2005, Copyright 2005 by Elsevier Inc. DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2005.06.006 Stochastic Gene Expression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.06.006 Stochastic Gene Expression in a Lentiviral Positive-Feedback Loop: HIV-1 Tat Fluctuations Drive Phenotypic that the phage's lysis/lysogeny life-cycle deci- sion is a paradigmatic example of how stochastic ther-HIV-1 Tat/computational study of an HIV-1 model vector promoters is critical in controlling the switch and can (LTR-GFP-IRES-Tat

Schaffer, David V.

45

Chapter 4: The Building Architectural Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: The Building : The Building Architectural Design Schematic Design Designing Using Computer Simulations Design of High Performance Features and Systems Designing for Daylighting Passive and Active Solar Systems Accommodating Recycling Activities LANL | Chapter 4 The Building Architectural Design Schematic Design Achieving a sustainable building requires a commitment from developing the initial F&OR documents through construction detailing and commissioning. Initial deci- sions, such as the building's location, general massing, and configuration profoundly affect the building's envi- ronmental impact and energy performance. Well- defined sustainable goals will guide the entire spectrum of decision-making throughout the design and con- struction process (see Chapter 2).

46

Energy Shortage of Nonthermal Electrons in Powering a Solar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within a deka-keV energy range, the power-law electron beams interacting with the solar atmosphere also result in the power-law bremsstrahlung of hard X-rays. The energy spectrum of electrons can thus be deduced from the observed hard X-ray spectrum, and the total energy carried by accelerated electrons can then be estimated. For quite a long time, one has always assumed the lower energy cutoff (Ec) of the power-law electron beams to be around 20 keV, an assumption that constitutes a main ingredient of the so-called standard picture of a solar flare, since the nonthermal electrons are substantial in powering a solar flare. However, there is in fact no solid observational basis for Ec = 20 keV. Here we present a quantitative method to determine Ec and its application to 14 BATSE/Compton Gamma Ray Observatory hard X-ray events. We find that Ec, varying from 47 to 141 keV in our samples, is on average 76.4 keV. The total energy carried by nonthermal electrons is therefore shown to be at least 1 order of magnitude lower than that derived by taking Ec = 20 keV. This energy shortage of nonthermal electrons in our sample hard X-ray events conflicts with the widely accepted scenario of a solar flare.

W. Q. Gan; Y. P. Li; J. Chang

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Readiness Review RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Readiness Review Module Readiness Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Readin Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ness Rev view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) view e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-

48

Preliminary Safety Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preliminary Safety Design Review Module Preliminary Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Pr C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R reliminar Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ry Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

49

Facility Disposition Safety Strategy RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility Disposition Safety Strategy Review Module Facility Disposition Safety Strategy Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Facilit C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R ty Dispos Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan sition Saf view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) fety Strat e pplicability D-3 EMENT tegy CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

50

Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality Assurance for Quality Assurance for Critical Decision Reviews Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Q C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Quality A Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Assuranc view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) e (QA) e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

51

Earned Value Management System RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Earned Value Management System Review Module Earned Value Management System Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ea 0 OFFICE OF arned Va C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R alue Man Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan agement view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) t System e pplicability D-3 EMENT (EVMS) CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

52

National Environmental Policy Act RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Environmental Policy Act Review Module National Environmental Policy Act Review Module March 2010 CD- N -0 OFFICE O National E C CD-1 OF ENVIRO Standa Environm Rev Critical Deci CD-2 M ONMENTA ard Review mental P view Modul ision (CD) A C March 2010 AL MANAG Plan olicy Act le Applicability D-3 GEMENT t (NEPA) CD-4 ) Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

53

Commissioning Plan RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Checkout, Testing, and Checkout, Testing, and Commissioning Plan Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ch 0 OFFICE OF heckout, T C CD-1 F ENVIRON Standard R Testing, a Revi Critical Decis CD-2 Ma NMENTAL Review Plan and Com iew Module sion (CD) Ap CD arch 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) mmissioni e pplicability D-3 EMENT ing Plan CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

54

Seismic Design Expectations Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Design Expectations Report Seismic Design Expectations Report March 2010 CD- This Rev of th Se -0 view Module w he overall Cons OFFICE O eismic De C CD-1 was used to dev struction Projec inco OF ENVIRO Standard esign Exp Critical Deci CD-2 M velop the Revie ct Review cond orporated in the ONMENTA Review Pla pectation ision (CD) A C March 2010 ew Plan for the ducted in 2009 e current versio AL MANAG an (SRP) ns Report Applicability D-3 e Oak Ridge Bl 9. Lessons lear on of the Modu GEMENT t (SDER) CD-4 ldg. 3019 60% rned from this r ule. ) Post Ope design review review have be eration w as part een Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental

55

Final Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Design Review Module Final Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 [This Rev Design Re O 0 view Module w eview of the OR OFFICE OF C CD-1 was used to dev R U 233 Dispo F ENVIRO Standard R Fin Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M velop the Revie osition Project ONMENTAL Review Plan al Design view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 ew Plan for 90% in 2009. Lesso Module.] L MANAGE n (SRP) n e pplicability D-3 % Design Revi ons learned hav EMENT CD-4 iew of SWPF i ve been incorpo Post Ope in 2008 and for orated in the R eration r 60% Review Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively.

56

Integrated Project Team RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integrated Project Team (IPT) Review Module Integrated Project Team (IPT) Review Module March 2010 CD-0 This R O 0 Review Modul OFFICE OF Inte C CD-1 le was piloted F ENVIRO Standard R grated P Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M at the OR U 23 incorporated ONMENTAL Review Plan Project Te view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 33 Disposition in the Review L MANAGE n (SRP) eam (IPT e pplicability D-3 Project in 200 Module. EMENT T) CD-4 09. Lessons lea Post Ope arned have been eration n Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM

57

Conceptual Safety Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conceptual Safety Design Review Module Conceptual Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Conceptua Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan al Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital

58

Conceptual Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conceptual Design Review Module Conceptual Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Concep Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ptual De view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) sign e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

59

Acquisition Strategy RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acquisition Strategy Review Module Acquisition Strategy Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Acquisi Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ition Stra view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) ategy e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets,

60

VOLUME I A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I I A HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION THE NEW WORLD, 1939 /1946 RICHARD G. HEWLETT AND OSCAR E. ANDERSON, JR. 1962 UNIVERSITY PARK, PENNSYLVANIA THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 62-14633 Designed by Marilyn Shobaken CONTENTS FOREWORD BY THE CHAIRMAN, v HISTORICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ix PREFACE 1 THE INHERITANCE Historical setting, January, 1947; summary of AEC inheritance. 2 IN THE BEGINNING Discovery of fission; first efforts to gain federal sup- port for nuclear research; growing interest in military potential; authority for an all-out investigation of atomic weapons. 3 EXPLORING THE ROUTES TO THE WEAPON OSRD efforts to select best production process; deci- sion to expand project, June, 1942; transfer of re-

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61

Project Execution Plan RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Execution Plan (PEP) Review Module Project Execution Plan (PEP) Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF P C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Project E Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Execution view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) n Plan e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

62

Risk Management RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Risk Management Review Module Risk Management Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Risk M Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan Managem view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE (SRP) ment e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008, Integration of Safety into the Design Process, and EM's internal

63

What is Clean Cities?; Clean Cities Fact Sheet (September 2008 Update)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities con- tributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local deci- sions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In almost 90 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of imported oil, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality.

64

Petroleum prospects of a part of the Marfa Basin, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, an 3. les 'ifith F'iarlxeC unconformity on the Pennsyl vaIlxan BnI3 l s ovcr3. af n u~lconformably by ti e Tr3assic Hissett conglomerate. f: 'e slssctt . 11 Xne c&IIi'lIImerate Xs &IIIIIsusl feet t ~c'I~ ~Tosyww 0rc tr, cwo ~s cora% e. ts mrc...:tion in this area, 2 T I;. 6 C 7 U K i'. h I' lc: Tho 1-'. . r 'ciao=, ofo roc!cs 8-". . io-. . es . . -. , ' the . '. . r. ! thon cnd dolit'-rio rapicns:. . re intec!c:ell fou lcd ~id fau. . deci. Lc. Jf. ' 'L'h"= defor'. :c tioF. Ih! t ' hc! Qx; Gs. :I'8- aa...

Seward, Clay Luzenberg

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

DECIGO: The Japanese space gravitational wave antenna  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

DECi-hertz Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory (DECIGO) is the planned Japanese space gravitational wave antenna, aiming to detect gravitational waves from astrophysically and cosmologically significant sources mainly between 0.1 Hz and 10 Hz and thus to open a new window for gravitational wave astronomy and for the universe. DECIGO will consist of three drag-free spacecraft, 1000 km apart from each other, whose relative displacements are measured by a differential Fabry-Perot interferometer. We plan to launch DECIGO in middle of 2020s, after sequence of two precursor satellite missions, DECIGO pathfinder and Pre-DECIGO, for technology demonstration required to realize DECIGO and hopefully for detection of gravitational waves from our galaxy or nearby galaxies.

Shuichi Sato; Seiji Kawamura; Masaki Ando; Takashi Nakamura; Kimio Tsubono; Akito Araya; Ikkoh Funaki; Kunihito Ioka; Nobuyuki Kanda; Shigenori Moriwaki; Mitsuru Musha; Kazuhiro Nakazawa; Kenji Numata; Shin-ichiro Sakai; Naoki Seto; Takeshi Takashima; Takahiro Tanaka; Kazuhiro Agatsuma; Koh-suke Aoyanagi; Koji Arai; Hideki Asada; Yoichi Aso; Takeshi Chiba; Toshikazu Ebisuzaki; Yumiko Ejiri; Motohiro Enoki; Yoshiharu Eriguchi; Masa-Katsu Fujimoto; Ryuichi Fujita; Mitsuhiro Fukushima; Toshifumi Futamase; Katsuhiko Ganzu; Tomohiro Harada; Tatsuaki Hashimoto; Kazuhiro Hayama; Wataru Hikida; Yoshiaki Himemoto; Hisashi Hirabayashi; Takashi Hiramatsu; Feng-Lei Hong; Hideyuki Horisawa; Mizuhiko Hosokawa; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Takeshi Ikegami; Kaiki T Inoue; Koji Ishidoshiro; Hideki Ishihara; Takehiko Ishikawa; Hideharu Ishizaki; Hiroyuki Ito; Yousuke Itoh; Nobuki Kawashima; Fumiko Kawazoe; Naoko Kishimoto; Kenta Kiuchi; Shiho Kobayashi; Kazunori Kohri; Hiroyuki Koizumi; Yasufumi Kojima; Keiko Kokeyama; Wataru Kokuyama; Kei Kotake; Yoshihide Kozai; Hideaki Kudoh; Hiroo Kunimori; Hitoshi Kuninaka; Kazuaki Kuroda; Kei-ichi Maeda; Hideo Matsuhara; Yasushi Mino; Osamu Miyakawa; Shinji Miyoki; Mutsuko Y Morimoto; Tomoko Morioka; Toshiyuki Morisawa; Shinji Mukohyama; Shigeo Nagano; Isao Naito; Kouji Nakamura; Hiroyuki Nakano; Kenichi Nakao; Shinichi Nakasuka; Yoshinori Nakayama; Erina Nishida; Kazutaka Nishiyama; Atsushi Nishizawa; Yoshito Niwa; Taiga Noumi; Yoshiyuki Obuchi; Masatake Ohashi; Naoko Ohishi; Masashi Ohkawa; Norio Okada; Kouji Onozato; Kenichi Oohara; Norichika Sago; Motoyuki Saijo; Masaaki Sakagami; Shihori Sakata; Misao Sasaki; Takashi Sato; Masaru Shibata; Hisaaki Shinkai; Kentaro Somiya; Hajime Sotani; Naoshi Sugiyama; Yudai Suwa; Rieko Suzuki; Hideyuki Tagoshi; Fuminobu Takahashi; Kakeru Takahashi; Keitaro Takahashi; Ryutaro Takahashi; Ryuichi Takahashi; Tadayuki Takahashi; Hirotaka Takahashi; Takamori Akiteru; Tadashi Takano; Keisuke Taniguchi; Atsushi Taruya; Hiroyuki Tashiro; Yasuo Torii; Morio Toyoshima; Shinji Tsujikawa; Yoshiki Tsunesada; Akitoshi Ueda; Ken-ichi Ueda; Masayoshi Utashima; Yaka Wakabayashi; Hiroshi Yamakawa; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Toshitaka Yamazaki; Jun'ichi Yokoyama; Chul-Moon Yoo; Shijun Yoshida; Taizoh Yoshino

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Prelminary Design RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preliminary Design Review Module Preliminary Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Prelim Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan inary De view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) esign e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

67

A METHOD TO EXTRACT THE ANGULAR POWER SPECTRUM OF THE EPOCH OF REIONIZATION FROM LOW-FREQUENCY RADIO INTERFEROMETERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The redshifted 21 cm signal of neutral hydrogen from the epoch of reionization (EoR) is extremely weak and its first detection is therefore expected to be statistical with first-generation low-frequency radio interferometers. In this Letter, we propose a method to extract the angular power spectrum of the EoR from the visibility correlation coefficients p{sub ij} (u, v), instead of the visibilities V{sub ij} (u, v) measured directly by radio interferometers in conventional algorithm. The visibility correlation coefficients are defined as p{sub ij}(u,v)=V{sub ij}(u,v)/{radical}(|V{sub ii}||V{sub jj}|) by introducing the autocorrelation terms V{sub ii} and V{sub jj} such that the angular power spectrum C{sub l} can be obtained through C{sub l} = T {sup 2}{sub 0}(|p{sub ij} (u, v)|{sup 2}), independently of the primary beams of antennas. This also partially removes the influence of receiver gains in the measurement of C{sub l} because the amplitudes of the gains cancel each other out in the statistical average operation of (|p{sub ij} (u, v)|{sup 2}). We use the average system temperature T{sub 0} as a calibrator of C{sub l}, which is dominated by the Milky Way and extragalactic sources in the frequency range that we are interested in, below 200 MHz. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of this novel method using the simulated sky maps as targets and the 21 CentiMeter Array (21CMA) as interferometer.

Zheng Qian; Wu Xiangping; Gu Junhua [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Wang Jingying; Xu Haiguang [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

68

Distributed Sensor Coordination for Advanced Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to collect key system level information is critical to the safe, efficient and reli- able operation of advanced energy systems. With recent advances in sensor development, it is now possible to push some level of decision making directly to computationally sophisticated sensors, rather than wait for data to arrive to a massive centralized location before a decision is made. This type of approach relies on networked sensors (called agents from here on) to actively collect and process data, and provide key control deci- sions to significantly improve both the quality/relevance of the collected data and the as- sociating decision making. The technological bottlenecks for such sensor networks stem from a lack of mathematics and algorithms to manage the systems, rather than difficulties associated with building and deploying them. Indeed, traditional sensor coordination strategies do not provide adequate solutions for this problem. Passive data collection methods (e.g., large sensor webs) can scale to large systems, but are generally not suited to highly dynamic environments, such as ad- vanced energy systems, where crucial decisions may need to be reached quickly and lo- cally. Approaches based on local decisions on the other hand cannot guarantee that each agent performing its task (maximize an agent objective) will lead to good network wide solution (maximize a network objective) without invoking cumbersome coordination rou- tines. There is currently a lack of algorithms that will enable self-organization and blend the efficiency of local decision making with the system level guarantees of global decision making, particularly when the systems operate in dynamic and stochastic environments. In this work we addressed this critical gap and provided a comprehensive solution to the problem of sensor coordination to ensure the safe, reliable, and robust operation of advanced energy systems. The differentiating aspect of the proposed work is in shift- ing the focus towards what to observe rather than how to observe in large sensor networks, allowing the agents to actively determine both the structure of the network and the relevance of the information they are seeking to collect. In addition to providing an implicit coordination mechanism, this approach allows the system to be reconfigured in response to changing needs (e.g., sudden external events requiring new responses) or changing sensor network characteristics (e.g., sudden changes to plant condition). Outcome Summary: All milestones associated with this project have been completed. In particular, private sensor objective functions were developed which are aligned with the global objective function, sensor effectiveness has been improved by using sensor teams, system efficiency has been improved by 30% using difference evaluation func- tions, we have demonstrated system reconfigurability for 20% changes in system con- ditions, we have demonstrated extreme scalability of our proposed algorithm, we have demonstrated that sensor networks can overcome disruptions of up to 20% in network conditions, and have demonstrated system reconfigurability to 20% changes in system conditions in hardware-based simulations. This final report summarizes how each of these milestones was achieved, and gives insight into future research possibilities past the work which has been completed. The following publications support these milestones [6, 8, 9, 10, 16, 18, 19].

Tumer, Kagan

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z