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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

: API Help  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How This API Document Is Organized. ... Deprecated API. The Deprecated API page lists all of the API that have been deprecated. ...

2

Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Refinery District API Gravity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average) of Crude Oil Input to Refineries (Degree)

3

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

4

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

5

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average) of Crude Oil Input to Refineries (Degree)

6

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Gulf Coast Refinery District API Gravity (Weighted Average) of Crude Oil Input to Refineries (Degree)

7

API Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this document, we focus on the C++ shader API. The lowlevel shader API, which the high-level shader API compiles to, is based on the DX9 assembly language but with a function call-based API in the style of ATI's OpenGL vertex shader extensions. This whitepaper describes a work in progress and the detailed syntax of the final system may differ from what is shown below. Please access our website at http://www.cgl.uwaterloo.ca/Projects/rendering/ for more up to date information. The syntax described here also differs from that documented for earlier versions of SMASH

Michael Mccool; Smash Metaprogramming; Shader Api; Michael D. Mccool; Qin Zheng; Tiberiu Popa

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

SP3X : a six-degree of freedom device for natural model creation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a novel input device, called SP3X, for the creation of digital models in a semi-immersive environment. The goal of SP3X is to enable novice users to construct geometrically complex three-dimensional ...

Whitney, Richard Henry, III

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

GLUT/Tk API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Interface. Related: Installation, Application Programming Interface, Application Development. GLUT/Tk API. Example. Here ...

10

MediaWiki API  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ****************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API ** ** **

11

MediaWiki API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ********************************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API **

12

FRVT 2012 API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FRVT 2012 NIST Concept, Evaluation Plan and API Page 1 of 55 1 ... 4 5 6 7 8 Still Face Image and Video 9 Concept, Evaluation Plan and API 10 ...

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

FRVT 2012 API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FRVT NIST Concept, Evaluation Plan and API Page 1 of 58 1 ... 7 8 9 Still Face Image and Video 10 Concept, Evaluation Plan and API 11 Version 1.4 ...

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

14

Google SOAP API Google API Teil II / berblick CVS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google SOAP API CVS Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS Projektgruppe 520 Rafael Koloch 12. Oktober 2007 Rafael Koloch Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS #12;Google SOAP API CVS Webservice Denition Webservice Aufruf Webservice Ergebnis auswerten Demonstration Ã?berblick Google API: Denition des Web

Morik, Katharina

15

API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

API API Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 31 May, 2013 - 12:04 Lighting Electricity Rates on OpenEI API Utility Rates Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live!

16

Energy API Browser | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

API Browser Click on a keyword or API of interest to center. Selected API information will be displayed below. Alternatively, you can download a CSV with this API data. Last...

17

Energy API and dataset overview | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy API and dataset overview Energy API and dataset overview Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 26 September, 2012 - 14:36 cleanweb hackathon resource webinar Today, Ian Kalin, a presidential innovation fellow, and the OpenEI team recorded an "energy resource" overview for developers of upcoming hackathon events at SXSW Eco and in New York City. You can find this recorded webinar with recent developer resources (APIs, datasets, content) at the links below. Streaming webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/ldr.php?AT=pb&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=40d5d5d42cbfd4e4 Download webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/lsr.php?AT=dw&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=2b23a089b99927fc Time: 13 minutes If you are an application developer in the energy space, or know one,

18

Standards for ICCP API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inter-Control Center Communication Protocol (ICCP) was developed as an EPRI project for the exchange of power system information between control centers, or between a control center and a generation control system or substation. ICCP is now an international standard, IEC 60870-6 known as Telecontrol Application Service Element 2 (TASE.2). However, the application program interface (API) was not a part of that standard and was left as a "local implementation issue" for each ICCP vendor to define. The ...

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

19

OpenEI Community - APIs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

communityblogdatapalooza-announcementscomments APIs Big Data Datapalooza EDI EERE Open Data OpenEI Energy Data Jam EERE - Energy Data Initiative Energy Data Initiative...

20

Appendix C. Changes to the API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Appendix C. Changes to the API. Prev, Appendix C. Changes to the API. Table of Contents. C.1. Changes ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

OpenEI Community - API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rate-database-version-1-api-now-deprecated There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated.OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010.  As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data.

22

APIs | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

01 01 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234301 Varnish cache server APIs Home Ianjkalin's picture Submitted by Ianjkalin(84) Contributor 23 September, 2012 - 15:52 Datapalooza Announcements APIs Big Data Datapalooza EDI EERE Open Data OpenEI New data has been liberated! Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers.

23

Slap Fingerprint Segmentation Evaluation 2004 API ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

API Specification. Overview. The Slap Fingerprint Segmentation Evaluation 2004 will investigate the accuracy of fingerprint ...

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

24

Figure 98. API gravity of U.S. domestic and imported crude ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Figure 98. API gravity of U.S. domestic and imported crude oil supplies, 1990-2040 (degrees) Subject: Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Author: U.S. E ...

25

QMP: LQCD Message Passing API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes are: (1) There is no longer a logical node number, only a node number which does not change as the logical machine is define. Thus there are two styles of messaging: messages are sent to a node by node number, or messages are sent to a relative (logical) node. (2) Methods related to node numbers have been changed (some dropped, some added). This note presents: (1) the requirements for message passing within Lattice QCD applications; (2) a draft message API for both C and C++; and (3) implementation design ideas. The API is intended to be sufficiently flexible to be used by all Lattice QCD applications, and execute efficiently on all existing and anticipated platforms, so that there is no need to directly call non-portable message passing routines. Because of the highly regular grid communications with LQCD, MPI calls (which are more general) impose some additional overhead that is predicted to be non-negligible for large machines. Depending upon demand, a subset of MPI could be implemented above this new API so that legacy codes which use MPI could function on the new architectures which implement (only) the new API. Further, the new API has been implemented atop MPI so that new applications using this new API can still be run on older machines for which only MPI is available. Interspersed with the API description are some descriptions for how the API could be implemented for myrinet clusters and the QCDOC machine. These are meant to more fully illustrate the functionality, and are not intended as the final design. At the time of writing, the following implementations exist: (1) QMP-GM -- Uses GM; (2) QMP-MPI -- Uses MPI; tested above MPICH-GM, MPICH-SM (shared memory), and MPICH-P4 (sockets).

Jie Chen; Robert Edwards; William Watson

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

arXiv.org help - arXiv API  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

api logo arXiv API This is the home site of the arXiv API. The goal of the API is to allow application developers access to all of the arXiv data, search and linking facilities...

27

tagging API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tagging API Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1982) Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 16:25 Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API data energy...

28

US Government APIs | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inquiry API National Institute of Standards and Technology CDA Guideline Validation Tool National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Meteorological Assimilation Data...

29

Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and APIs Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing Institutional Research &...

30

A field study of API learning obstacles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large APIs can be hard to learn, and this can lead to decreased programmer productivity. But what makes APIs hard to learn? We conducted a mixed approach, multi-phased study of the obstacles faced by Microsoft developers learning a wide variety of new ... Keywords: Application programming interfaces, Documentation, Programming, Software libraries

Martin P. Robillard; Robert Deline

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

API Requirements for Dynamic Graph Prediction  

SciTech Connect

Given a large-scale time-evolving multi-modal and multi-relational complex network (a.k.a., a large-scale dynamic semantic graph), we want to implement algorithms that discover patterns of activities on the graph and learn predictive models of those discovered patterns. This document outlines the application programming interface (API) requirements for fast prototyping of feature extraction, learning, and prediction algorithms on large dynamic semantic graphs. Since our algorithms must operate on large-scale dynamic semantic graphs, we have chosen to use the graph API developed in the CASC Complex Networks Project. This API is supported on the back end by a semantic graph database (developed by Scott Kohn and his team). The advantages of using this API are (i) we have full-control of its development and (ii) the current API meets almost all of the requirements outlined in this document.

Gallagher, B; Eliassi-Rad, T

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

32

OpenEI Community - tagging API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development.api" target="_blank">read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api#comments data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API OpenEI Community

33

Evaluating APIs: a call for design science research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a business world characterized by ecosystem-based competition, APIs are key determinants of success. However, there is very little guidance on how organizations should go about making decisions about APIs. API design must account for the needs of ... Keywords: API, kernel theory, modularity, stakeholders, strategy

Bala Iyer; George Wyner

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

U.S. Percent Total Imported by API Gravity of Crude ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity; Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity

35

Privacy Protection for Social Networking APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social networking APIs integrate third-party content into the site and give third-party developers access to user data. These open interfaces enable popular site enhancements but pose serious privacy risks by exposing user data to third-party developers. We address the privacy risks associated with social networking APIs by presenting a privacy-by-proxy design for a privacypreserving API that is motivated by an analysis of the data needs and uses of Facebook applications. Our study of 150 popular Facebook applications reveals that nearly all applications could maintain their functionality using a limited interface that only provides access to an anonymized social graph and placeholders for user data. Since the platform host can control the third party applications ’ output, privacy-by-proxy can be accomplished without major changes to the platform architecture or applications by using new tags and data transformations.

Adrienne Felt; David Evans

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

ANSI C Cryptographic API Profile for SHA-3 Candidate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. ANSI C Cryptographic API Profile for SHA-3 Candidate Algorithm Submissions Revision 5: February 11, 2008 1. Overview ...

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

37

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 45. Created Date:

38

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997. Created Date:

39

Google Custom Search API [Google search in your hands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google Custom Search API [Google search in your hands] Nicholas Weininger www.google.com/cse code.google.com/apis/customsearch #12;Our mission and history Google Custom Search allows anybody to leverage the Google search platform Used extensively within Google (Help Center, Blogger, etc.) #12;What does a Search API mean to us

Chakrabarti, Soumen

40

Semantic collaborative tagging for web APIs sharing and reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sharing and reuse of Web APIs for fast development of Web applications require advanced searching facilities to enable Web designers to find the Web APIs they need. In this paper we describe a Web API semantic collaborative tagging system to be implemented ...

Devis Bianchini; Valeria De Antonellis; Michele Melchiori

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

OpenEI API listing | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI API listing OpenEI API listing Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 29 June, 2012 - 09:30 developer web services We had an internal OpenEI strategy conversation just this week, and we spoke somewhat indirectly about a list of energy APIs on OpenEI. We have the Energy Hackathon Resource page, but I want to draw energy developers here instead of a plain vanilla page. Wouldn't it be nice to have a list, perhaps a faceted list, of energy APIs, datasets, etc? Well, we might be able to make that happen. I saw http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/06/24/75-new-apis-adobe-amazon-sendgrid-and-yahoo/, which mentioned the OpenEI listing at http://www.programmableweb.com/api/open-energy-information. Perhaps programmableweb would be a great, updated resource for APIs that we could

42

APIs for Online Energy Saving Tools: Home Energy Saver and ...  

The APIs allow software developers to access the algorithms and underlying data for Home Energy ... Technology Marketing ... links to other energy ana ...

43

Changes to the API for OOF2 Property Extensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF: Finite Element Analysis of Microstructures. Changes to the API for OOF2 Property Extensions. This page is still under construction. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

44

Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 50 Table 25. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity

45

Available Technologies: APIs for Online Energy Saving Tools: Home ...  

Berkeley Lab is offering direct access to Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for two popular, proven energy saving online tools: Home Energy Saver and EnergyIQ.

46

Supplementary Materials1 Atmospheric API-CIMS:2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Supplementary Materials1 Atmospheric API-CIMS:2 The atmospheric API-CIMS is a downsized version and discriminator/preamplifier. The primary9 difference between this instrument and the earlier CIMS instrument circuit board.22 23 Figure S1: mesoCIMS instrument schematic24 #12;2 DMS gas standards:25 Isotopically

Meskhidze, Nicholas

47

Using twinning to adapt programs to alternative APIs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe twinning and its applications to adapting programs to alternative APIs. Twinning is a simple technique that allows programmers to specify a class of program changes, in the form of a mapping, without modifying the target program ... Keywords: API mapping, source-to-source translation, twinning

Marius Nita; David Notkin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A framework for the static verification of api calls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of tools can statically check program code to identify commonly encountered bug patterns. At the same time, programs are increasingly relying on external apis for performing the bulk of their work: the bug-prone program logic is being fleshed-out, ... Keywords: FindBugs, Library, Programming by contract, Static analysis, api

Diomidis Spinellis; Panagiotis Louridas

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Utility Rate API v2 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate API v2 Rate API v2 Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 September, 2012 - 07:35 There are updates coming through the pipe for the utility rate form. When these updates are deployed to production, then will allow ISU and anyone entering utility rates the ability to define and access richer data. This will cause some changes at the API level. Jordan from ISU is currently working on this. In an email, he noted: "I am working on the API and making sure that it will keep version 1 and make a version 2 to represent the new data. I am also working on a way to automatically convert the version 1 data into a format that version 2 can use and a way to make the data entered in the new version available in version 1 of the API. As

50

User Guide for EPRI API Test Program, Version 2.02.024  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the EPRI Application Program Interface (API) Test Program is to provide software developers with an example, including source code, for understanding how to develop programs that use the EPRI API. The EPRI API is defined so that application program developers can use a single standard API for interfacing to a wide variety of data sources. The EPRI API encompasses operations for Common Data Access including create, read, update, delete and fine grained notification of data changes.

2000-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

51

API for browsing available data sources? | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

API for browsing available data sources? API for browsing available data sources? Safety Data/Tools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov » Communities » Safety » Forums API for browsing available data sources? Submitted by G. Hussain Chinoy on Tue, 09/18/2012 - 4:46pm Log in to vote 2 The provided "Data/Tools" tab is a nice human readable view of the data resources on safety.data.gov, but is there an API to view the different data sources by category or any of the other attributes of a data set? Thanks Add new comment Your name Subject Comment * More information about text formats Plain text No HTML tags allowed. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. CAPTCHA This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent

52

What is the Vehicle API? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

What is the Vehicle API? What is the Vehicle API? Home > Groups > Developer The vehicle API does not seem to contain any end point. Is there some documentation about this service? http://osisoftvcampus.cloudapp.net/vehicledata/cardata.svc Submitted by Pelikhan on 15 January, 2013 - 23:11 1 answer Points: 0 Good evening, There are a few different documentation options for this API. Although this question was asked a long time ago, I'd be happy to find an answer as a member of the DOE's Energy Data Initiative. First, may I ask if this relates to the Apps for Vehicles Challenge? If not, you may find a quicker and more technically informed answer here: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!forum/openxc Ianjkalin on 11 February, 2013 - 20:48 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

53

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

EIA-856, "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration ...

54

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers. See commercial and free energy APIs such as NREL's developer network, Genability, 3TIER, OpenEI APIs and more! Click here to get started. Want to see this energy API data crowd-sourced and updated on OpenEI? Let us know by commenting on this blog entry! Currently, we have a static spreadsheet (available for download at the app) that we are keeping updated manually. Thanks to ProgrammableWeb.com for initial data - as a thanks, we are currently linking to ProgrammableWeb from each API entry so

55

Data.gov Launches New Catalog and APIs | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data.gov Launches New Catalog and APIs Data.gov Launches New Catalog and APIs Submitted by Hyon Kim on Wed, 05222013 - 11:24pm Log in to vote 0 Data.gov is launching two...

56

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am...

57

Data.gov Launches New Catalog and APIs | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Americans. Developers can find all the government's APIs in one place, with links to API documentation and other resources. Data.gov is also launching a new data catalog on an...

58

Google Web APIs - an Instrument for Webometric Analyses?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The analysis of the Internet and its applications touches upon varied fields of research such as information science, computer science, economics, and psychology. One reason for the growing scientific interest in the Internet is the already high and still growing amount of web users, applications, contents, and web servers worldwide. Despite a variety of different search engines, there is no doubt about the predominance of Google search engine technology today. Among the factors that have added decisively to Google's success are that over a long period of time, Google has offered the largest index, innovative new services and highly optimized performance and usability. This poster introduces Google Web APIs (Google APIs) as an instrument and playground for webometric studies. Several examples of Google APIs implementations are given. Our examples show that this Google Web Service can be used successfully for informetric Internet based studies albeit with some restriction

Philipp Mayr; Fabio Tosques

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

New findings on leak resistance of API 8-Round connectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to high interest concerning leak resistance in API 8-Round connectors, the API funded projects that have identified and assessed parameters affecting leak. Among these parameters are make-up, diameter, grade, and combined loads. Additional turns during make-up was found to increase leak resistance. Investigations concerning diameter and grade identified larger diameter and higher grade connectors as most susceptible to low leak pressures when compared to pipe body ratings. Finally, combined loads were found to be crucial to leak. Tension lowers the leak resistance of 8-Round connectors in a manner that renders hydrotesting insufficient for defining leak in some service conditions.

Schwind, B.E.; Wooley, G.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. A quick history - version 2 data fields came out in early December, 2012. The version 2 API to access this new data was then launched in early May, 2013. Now that it is September, 2013, we are providing a limited,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Degree Services Registrar's Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degree Services Registrar's Office Name (please print Fund. of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier (1) _____ CM/ENT 3978 Hydrogen Measurements Laboratory (1/SS 4520 Sustainable Futures II (3)* _____ ENT 3956 Industrial Health and Safety (2)* _____ ENT 3975 Intro

62

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity API Gravity (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 98.76 98.37 96.70 102.63 102.06 101.99 1993-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 99.08 99.72 98.54 104.51 105.09 104.96 1993-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 92.00 92.67 90.95 98.83 98.56 98.41 1993-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 99.63 98.18 97.56 103.78 106.39 106.16 1993-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 93.89 94.99 94.59 103.04 104.77 104.20 1993-2013 40.0º or Greater 93.16 93.61 92.04 100.24 101.89 100.83 1993-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

63

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 15:25 data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development. As part of this path forward, REEEP has developed a 'Content Pool' surrounding their original term extraction API. The idea behind the content pool is that, when contributing agencies submit content to the pool via the API, they'll receive extracted energy keywords, relevant thesaurus definitions, and a link of other content with similar result sets. Florian Bauer, featured in the video, describes how the reegle tagging api

64

U.S. Percent Total Imported by API Gravity of Crude ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 1/2/2014: Next Release Date: 2/3/2014: Referring Pages: Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity; Percentages of Total ...

65

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

66

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

67

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

68

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

69

Production of API HIC Steels for Sour Service Oil and Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Production of API HIC Steels for Sour Service Oil and Gas Transmission Pipelines. Author(s), Douglas Stalheim. On-Site Speaker (Planned)

70

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

station data for biodiesel, natural gas, propane, electric, hydrogen and ethanol. The DOE Green Energy API, offering data from research and development conducted by the Energy...

71

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA-856, "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

72

Table 24. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

49 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 Table 24. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity

73

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly June 1998 49. Created Date:

74

arXiv.org help - arXiv API User's Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

these new parameters looks like: http:export.arxiv.orgapiquery?searchqueryti:"electron thermal conductivity"&sortBylastUpdatedDate&sortOrderascending 3.2. The API...

75

Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME GUIDE 2013-2014 #12;BSc (Hons) Molecular Biology - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Molecular biology aims to understand living systems by focusing on the molecular components upon which they are built. Molecular biology is one of great successes of 20th century

Siddharthan, Advaith

76

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

77

Data Management in the GridRPC GridRPC Data Management API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion GridRPC Data Management API Implementations, Le Mahec, Nakada GridRPC DM API: Implem. and Interop. Issues (1/13) #12;Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion Goal GridRPC DM types: Reminder 1 Data Management in the GridRPC Goal GridRPC DM types

Caniou, Yves

78

Development and application of a heuristic to assess trends in API documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer technology has made amazing advances in the past few decades; however, the software documentation of today still looks strikingly similar to the software documentation used 30 years ago. If this continues into the 21st century, more and more ... Keywords: API, API reference documentation, application programming interface, software documentation, software libraries

Robert B. Watson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems | Argonne Leadership Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Tools and APIs Performance Tools and APIs Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) Rice HPC Toolkit IBM HPCT Mpip gprof Profiling Tools Darshan PAPI High Level UPC API Low Level UPC API UPC Hardware BG/P dgemm Performance Tuning MPI on BGP Performance FAQs IBM References Software and Libraries Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems MPI and OpenMP Options Tuning MPI on BGP Performance Tools Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) - Instruments applications and gathers information on timings, MPI activity, and hardware performance counter events Rice HPCToolkit- Performs sample based profiling of applications and

80

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Home > Groups > Utility Rate Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 API developer OpenEI update utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_rates The new API includes support for the latest V2 Utility Rates input fields (including tiered time-of-use rates, tiered demand charges, new category for lighting, and many more improvements). Just a reminder that you can view (And contribute!) rate database entries

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute 2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am Addthis PROBLEM: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Version(s): 7 Update 21; possibly other versions (1.7.0_21-b11) Java Server JRE is also affected. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Oracle Java. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028466 Oracle IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can create a specially crafted Java application that, when loaded and approved by the target user, will trigger a flaw in the Reflection API to bypass the security sandbox. IMPACT: A remote user can create a Java file that, when loaded by the target user,

82

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud November 9, 2012 - 2:43pm Addthis As part of the Digital Strategy, the Department of Energy is making more high-value data sets available through Application Program Interfaces (APIs) - helping programmers develop new opportunities, services and products for citizens. Additionally, these data sets and APIs are now housed on cloud-based servers, helping us to provide easy, scalable access to the public. Moving our data sets to the cloud builds on the important steps the Energy Department has taken to advance cost-effective, secure cloud-hosted infrastructure solutions. For example, we have also moved our Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to the cloud to streamline operations. We are also

83

Heating Degree Days  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Heating Degree Days Heating Degree Days New England ................ 2,626 737 115 2,062 3,105 849 159 2,247 3,184 872 136 2,180 5,541 6,359 6,373 Middle Atlantic .............. 2,326 576 85 1,899 2,906 672 123 2,041 2,924 682 90 1,986 4,886 5,742 5,682 E. N. Central ................. 2,440 621 139 2,150 3,279 772 119 2,343 3,141 726 129 2,230 5,350 6,514 6,227 W. N. Central ................ 2,515 520 143 2,360 3,424 908 103 2,541 3,216 677 152 2,404 5,539 6,976 6,450 South Atlantic ............... 1,129 168 16 992 1,513 217 21 1,059 1,466 202 16 1,010 2,306 2,809 2,695 E. S. Central ................. 1,361 180 28 1,326 1,939 289 16 1,430 1,839 245 23 1,336 2,896 3,675 3,443 W. S. Central ................ 913 38 3 729 1,189 141 2 909 1,150 83 5 821 1,682 2,239 2,060 Mountain ....................... 2,063 542 98 1,741 2,430 689 101 1,885 2,189 642 130 1,817 4,444

84

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

85

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

86

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

87

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

88

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

89

,"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity" API Gravity" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity",6,"Monthly","9/2013","10/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/2/2013 3:15:39 AM"

90

Using the Google Visualisation API with R: googleVis-0.2.4 Package Vignette  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The googleVis package provides an interface between R and the Google Visualisation API. The Google Visualisation API offers interactive charts which can be embedded into web pages. The best known of these charts is probably the Motion Chart, popularised by Hans Rosling in his TED talks. The functions of the googleVis package allow the user to visualise data stored in R data frames with the Google Visualisation API without uploading their data to Google. The output of a googleVis function is html code that contains the data and references to JavaScript functions hosted by Google and can be displayed via a browser.

Markus Gesmann; Diego De Castillo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Using Resistance Heating to Create Full-Scale API RP2Z CTOD ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, API RP2Z testing is used by the oil and gas industry to qualify steel ... Additionally, the current RP2Z welding procedure may not lead to uniform  ...

92

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

93

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

94

NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.

Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

ARM - Instrument - sp2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aerosol particles by laser-induced incandescence down to concentrations as low as 10 ngm3. The SP2 is part of the Aerosol Observing System (AOS). See Also Contact(s) Stephen...

96

S.P. Chowdhury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SP Chowdhury University of Capetown Microgrids and Smartgrids Research Unit (MASRU) This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the...

97

SIP APIs for Voice and Video Communications on the Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing standard protocols for the web and Internet telephony fail to deliver real-time interactive communication from within a web browser. In particular, the client-server web protocol over reliable TCP is not always suitable for end-to-end low latency media path needed for interactive voice and video communication. To solve this, we compare the available platform options using the existing technologies such as modifying the web programming language and protocol, using an existing web browser plugin, and a separate host resident application that the web browser can talk to. We argue that using a separate application as an adaptor is a promising short term as well as long-term strategy for voice and video communications on the web. Our project aims at developing the open technology and sample implementations for web-based real-time voice and video communication applications. We describe the architecture of our project including (1) a RESTful web communication API over HTTP inspired by SIP message flows, (2)...

Davids, Carol; Singh, Kundan; Sinnreich, Henry; Wimmreuter, Wilhelm

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

pmm.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API API Gravity: An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it may be calculated in terms of the following formula: Degrees API sp gr F o = - 1415 60 1315 . . . @ . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data

99

Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

100

2degrees | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

degrees degrees Jump to: navigation, search Name 2degrees Place Oxford, England, United Kingdom Zip OX2 7HT Product Oxford-based collaborative network provider for sustainability professionals. Coordinates 43.781517°, -89.571699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.781517,"lon":-89.571699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Qualities of Crude Oil Input Qualities of Crude Oil Input Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

102

Determining the Remaining Strength of Pitting Corrosion in Corroded Pipelines with API579 Criterion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because the long-distance oil and gas pipelines have buried underground in a long term, there is corrosion on the inside and outside surfaces of pipeline, which can cause serious hole leaking accident, and bring the huge economic losses. In order to ... Keywords: API579 criterion, remaining strength, pipeline corrosion, pitting corrosion, evaluation system

Song-wei Gao; Bo Gao; Li-jian Yang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Tagged Neutron Source for API Inspection Systems with Greatly Enhanced Spatial Resolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We recently developed induced fission and transmission imaging methods with time- and directionally-tagged neutrons offer new capabilities for characterization of fissile material configurations and enhanced detection of special nuclear materials (SNM). An Advanced Associated Particle Imaging (API) generator with higher angular resolution and neutron yield than existing systems is needed to fully exploit these methods.

None

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

104

ACME algorithms for contact in a multiphysics environment API version 2.2.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

Heinstein, Martin Wilhelm; Glass, Micheal W.; Gullerud, Arne S.; Brown, Kevin H.; Voth, Thomas Eugene; Jones, Reese E.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Systems Integration at Kansas City Power and Light Using API and ICCP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application Program Interfaces (API) and the Inter-Control Center Communications Protocol (ICCP) offer tools for integrating utility information systems. This report documents the efforts of Kansas Power & Light (KCPL) to integrate several of its operations systems, including its energy management system (EMS) and distribution management system.

1998-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

106

3Degrees | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Degrees Degrees Jump to: navigation, search Logo: 3Degrees Name 3Degrees Address 2 Embarcadero Center Suite 2950 Place San Francisco, California Zip 94111 Sector Bioenergy, Buildings, Carbon, Geothermal energy, Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Environmental Commodities Year founded 2007 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 415.449.0500 Website http://www.3degreesinc.com/ Coordinates 37.7983181°, -122.4000032° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7983181,"lon":-122.4000032,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Engineering and design Taught degrees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Mechanical Engineering MSc in Satellite Communication Systems MSc in Sustainable Energy Technology Research, mathematics, physics or an applied science. Also refer to Applicant profile, listed with relevant course in Mechanical Engineering, the MSc in Sustainable Energy Technology or a research degree, we must receive your

Sussex, University of

108

Six degree of freedom sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing.

Vann, Charles S. (Fremont, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Six degree of freedom sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing. 3 figs.

Vann, C.S.

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

110

Assessment of API Thread Connections Under Tight Gas Well Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The modern oil and gas industry of America has seen most of the high quality, easily obtainable resources, already produced, thus causing wells to be drilled deeper in search for unconventional resources. This means Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG) must improve in order to withstand harsher conditions; especially the ability of connections to effectively create leak tight seals. This study investigates the use of thread connections in tight gas fields; therefore, an insight into their potential to contribute to fulfilling the energy demands is necessary. Also, a survey of completed projects done in tight gas fields can provide vital information that will establish the minimum requirements thread connection must meet to perform its functions. To make suitable adjustments to ensure safe and efficient operations we must thoroughly understand the many aspects of thread connections. To have this understanding, a review of previous works was carried out that highlights the capabilities and imitations of thread connections. In addition to reviewing previous work done on thread connections; this study measured the viscosity of thread compounds under variable conditions. It was found that viscosity of thread compound falls in the range of 285,667 cP and 47,758 cP when measured between 32.9 degrees F and 121.5 degrees F. This can be very important because thread compound is essential to the function of thread connections. The knowledge of its viscosity can help choose the most suitable compound. By knowing the value of the viscosity of a thread compound it can also be used to form an analytical assessment of the grooved plate method by providing a means to calculate a pressure gradient which impacts the leakage.

Bourne, Dwayne

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

EPRI CCAPI Task Force, Generic Interface Definition (GID): DRAFT-API Design for GID  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reviews a common data access application program interface (API) which is supported by EPRI's Control Center Application Program Interface's (CCAPI) Task Force. The CCAPI Task Force is charged with producing standards to facilitate the integration of energy management system (EMS) applications developed independently or between an EMS system and other systems concerned with different aspects of power system operations, such as generation or distribution management systems (DMS). This is acc...

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

SAGA: A Simple API for Grid Applications -- High-Level ApplicationProgramming on the Grid  

SciTech Connect

Grid technology has matured considerably over the past fewyears. Progress in both implementation and standardization is reaching alevel of robustness that enables production quality deployments of gridservices in the academic research community with heightened interest andearly adoption in the industrial community. Despite this progress, gridapplications are far from ubiquitous, and new applications require anenormous amount of programming effort just to see first light. A keyimpediment to accelerated deployment of grid applications is the scarcityof high-level application programming abstractions that bridge the gapbetween existing grid middle-ware and application-level needs. The SimpleAPI for Grid Applications (SAGA [1]) is a GGF standardization effort thataddresses this particular gap by providing a simple, stable, and uniformprogramming interface that integrates the most common grid programmingabstractions. These most common abstractions were identified through theanalysis of several existing and emerging Grid applications. In thisarticle, we present the SAGA effort, describe its relationship to otherGrid API efforts within the GGF community, and introduce the first draftof the API using some application programming examples.

Goodale, Tom; Jha, Shantenu; Kaiser, Hartmut; Kielmann, Thilo; Kleijer, Pascal; von Laszewski, Gregor; Lee, Craig; Merzky, Andre; Rajic,Hrabri; Shalf, John

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

NIST SP 250 series from SSD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SP 250-1039, Hydrocarbon Liquid Flow Calibration Service. SP 250-1046, Gas Flowmeter Calibrations with the 26 m3 PVTt Standard. ...

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

114

ARM - Campaign Instrument - sp2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(SP2) Instrument Categories Aerosols Campaigns Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) Download Data McClellan AFB, Sacramento, CA, 2010.06.02 - 2010.06.28...

115

Estimation of Daily Degree-hours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Degree-hours have many applications in fields such as agriculture, architecture, and power generation. Since daily mean temperatures are more readily available than hourly temperatures, the difference between mean daily degree-hours computed from ...

Nathaniel B. Guttman; Richard L. Lehman

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

measur- measur- ing scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it may be calculated in terms of the following formula: Deg API sp gr degF degF = - 1415 60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric

117

EFFECT OF DENTAL POLYMER DEGREE OF CONVERSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Dental Polymer Degree of Conversion on Oral Biofilms. Alison Kraigsley, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Nancy J. Lin. National ...

118

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage,Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

SciTech Connect

This work focuses on research and development activities that bridge a gap between fundamental data management technology index, query, storage and retrieval and use of such technology in computational and computer science algorithms and applications. The work has resulted in a streamlined applications programming interface (API) that simplifies data storage and retrieval using the HDF5 data I/O library, and eases use of the FastBit compressed bitmap indexing software for data indexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery, will have broad applications in domain sciences as well as associated data analysis and visualization applications.

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu,Kesheng

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

LBMD : a layer-based mesh data structure tailored for generic API infrastructures.  

SciTech Connect

A new mesh data structure is introduced for the purpose of mesh processing in Application Programming Interface (API) infrastructures. This data structure utilizes a reduced mesh representation to increase its ability to handle significantly larger meshes compared to full mesh representation. In spite of the reduced representation, each mesh entity (vertex, edge, face, and region) is represented using a unique handle, with no extra storage cost, which is a crucial requirement in most API libraries. The concept of mesh layers makes the data structure more flexible for mesh generation and mesh modification operations. This flexibility can have a favorable impact in solver based queries of finite volume and multigrid methods. The capabilities of LBMD make it even more attractive for parallel implementations using Message Passing Interface (MPI) or Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). The data structure is associated with a new classification method to relate mesh entities to their corresponding geometrical entities. The classification technique stores the related information at the node level without introducing any ambiguities. Several examples are presented to illustrate the strength of this new data structure.

Ebeida, Mohamed S.; Knupp, Patrick Michael

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating degree days Heating degree days Dataset Summary Description The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Services (NESDIS), in conjunction with the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) publish monthly and annual climate data by state for the U.S., including, heating degree days (total number of days per month and per year). The average values for each state are weighted by population, using 2000 Census data. The base temperature for this dataset is 65 degrees F. Source NOAA Date Released Unknown Date Updated June 24th, 2005 (9 years ago) Keywords climate Heating degree days NOAA Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Heating Degree Data, by State (xls, 208.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An experimental evaluation of a QoS signaling API for network-aware multimedia applications in NGN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterogeneous environment of the Next Generation Network, involving diverse user devices and access options, as well as versatile network infrastructure, calls for closer cooperation between network entities and multimedia applications in achieving end-to-end ... Keywords: IP multimedia subsystem (IMS), QoS, application programming interface (API), multimedia, negotiation, signaling

Ognjen Dobrijevic; Maja Matijasevic

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Building model analysis applications with the Joint Universal Parameter IdenTification and Evaluation of Reliability (JUPITER) API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The open-source, public domain JUPITER (Joint Universal Parameter IdenTification and Evaluation of Reliability) API (Application Programming Interface) provides conventions and Fortran-90 modules to develop applications (computer programs) for analyzing ... Keywords: Calibration, Model discrimination, Optimization, Sensitivity, Uncertainty

Edward R. Banta; Mary C. Hill; Eileen Poeter; John E. Doherty; Justin Babendreier

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Caloramator sp. Tolerance of Pretreatment Inhibitors from ...  

Biomass and Biofuels Caloramator sp. Tolerance of Pretreatment Inhibitors from Lignocellulosics Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Contact ORNL About This ...

124

JOINT DEGREE PROGRAM LEADING TO THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs prior to beginning their graduate work. If a student decides to enter the combined program after with advanced work may be admitted to the Graduate School through the Graduate Program in Urban PlanningJOINT DEGREE PROGRAM LEADING TO THE MASTER OF URBAN PLANNING AND MASTER OF ARTS IN GEOGRAPHY DEGREE

Peterson, Blake R.

125

cooling degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooling degree days cooling degree days Dataset Summary Description The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Services (NESDIS), in conjunction with the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) publish monthly and annual climate data by state for the U.S., including, cooling degree days (total number of days per month and per year). The average values for each state are weighted by population, using 2000 Census data. The base temperature for this dataset is 65 degrees F. Source NOAA Date Released Unknown Date Updated June 24th, 2005 (9 years ago) Keywords climate cooling degree days NOAA Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon hcs_51_avg_cdd.xls (xls, 215.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review

126

A Volume Rendering Extension for the OpenSG Scene Graph API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We will present the current state of our ongoing work on a simple to use, extensible and cross-platform volume rendering library. Primary target of our framework is interactive scientific visualization, but volumetric effects are also desirable in other fields of computer graphics, e.g. virtual reality applications. The framework we present is based on texture-based direct volume rendering. We apply the concept of volume shaders and demonstrate their usefulness in terms of flexibility, extensibility and adaption to new or different graphics hardware. Our framework is based on the OpenSG scene graph API, that is designed especially with multi-threading and cluster-rendering in mind, thus, it is very easy to integrate volumetric visualizations into powerful virtual reality systems.

Thomas Klein Manfred; Thomas Klein; Manfred Weiler; Thomas Ertl

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

International Conservation Emphasis Resource Conservation Degree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conservation Emphasis Resource Conservation Degree Faculty Advisors Steve Siebert) 243-6062, Office: CHCB 467 Goals The International Conservation emphasis is an interdisciplinary course of study that addresses opportunities and constraints to the use, management and conservation

Crone, Elizabeth

128

Verifying the CICS File Control API with Z/Eves: An experiment in the verified software repository  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parts of the CICS transaction processing system were modelled formally in the 1980s in a collaborative project between IBM UK Hursley Park and Oxford University Computing Laboratory. Z was used to capture a precise description of the behaviour of various ... Keywords: File API, Grand challenge in verified software, IBM CICS, Mechanical proof, Theorem proving, Verification challenge problems, Verified software repository, Z notation, Z/Eves

Leo Freitas; Jim Woodcock; Yichi Zhang

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Commissioning of SLAC SLD 45-Degree Chambers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SLD experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center had a significant gap in its muon tracking coverage, provided by the Warm Iron Calorimeter. Supplemental planes of limited streamer tube chambers were added to improve the coverage in the vicinity of the gap at 0.65 commissioning of the forty-five degree chamber region of the SLAC SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter is presented. This task involved the completion of the forty-five degree chamber region geometry for the Warm Iron Calorimeter's fitter and swimmer and the changing of the way multiple scattering effects are treated in the fitter algorithm.

V. O. Eschenburg

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

130

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):  
Cooling Degree Days above 10 C (degree days)
The monthly accumulation of degrees when...

131

Estimates of Spatial Degrees of Freedom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spatial degrees of freedom (dof) of atmospheric flows are estimated by comparing the variance of the theoretical standardized chi-squared distribution with the sum of the squared eigenvalues of a spatial correlation matrix, dof = N2/?I = 1N?i...

Klaus Fraedrich; Christine Ziehmann; Frank Sielmann

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Indagine sulla relazione ospite parassita tra l’ape eusociale Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) e il dittero endoparassitoide Senotainia tricuspis (Meigen) (Diptera, Sarcophagidae): note etologiche, ecologiche ed applicative.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Questo lavoro di tesi si inserisce nell’ambito di uno studio più vasto delle interazioni tra le mosche e le api e sulle ricadute economiche che… (more)

Bedini, Gianluca

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees, 1994: Appendixes  

SciTech Connect

This survey is designed to include those programs sponsored by the Department of Energy. The survey is designed to include those programs offering a major in nuclear engineering or course work equivalent to a major in other engineering disciplines that prepare the graduates to perform as nuclear engineers. This survey provides data on nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees for use in labor market analyses, information on education programs for students, and information on new graduates to employers, government agencies, academia and professional societies.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Scaling up parallel scientific applications on the IBM SP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding and Using the SP Switch NERSC IBM SPMemory Page NERSC MPI-I/O Page RS/6000 SP 375MHz POWER3 SMPon the IBM SP David Skinner, NERSC HPCF Table of Contents

Skinner, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Cryptographic Key Managment Workshop 2012-SP 800-152 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... own sector profiles SP 800-152: Profile Requirements 3 ... Integrity is verified before loading into ... Page 37. SP 800-152: Profile Requirements 37 ...

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

136

Nonlinear conformal-degree preserving Dirac equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonlinear Dirac equations in D+1 space-time are obtained by variation of the spinor action whose Lagrangian components have the same conformal degree and the coupling parameter of the self-interaction term is dimensionless. In 1+1 dimension, we show that these requirements result in the "conventional" quartic form of the nonlinear interaction and present the general equation for various coupling modes. These include, but not limited to, the Thirring and Gross-Neveu models. We obtain a numerical solution for the special case of the spin and pseudo-spin symmetric modes..

A. D. Alhaidari

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

137

Video: Microbial Bebop - "Fifty Degrees North, Four Degrees West" | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video: Microbial Bebop - "Fifty Degrees North, Four Degrees West" Video: Microbial Bebop - "Fifty Degrees North, Four Degrees West" Share Topic Environment Biology Environmental biology Metagenomics This musical composition was created from data of microbes (bacteria, algae and other microorganisms) sampled in the English Channel. Argonne National Laboratory biologist Peter Larsen created the songs as a unique way to present and comprehend large datasets. More details: All of the data in this composition derives from twelve observed time points collected at monthly intervals at the L4 Station during 2007. The composition is composed of seven choruses. Each chorus has the same chord progression of 12 measures each in which chords are derived from monthly measures of temperature and chlorophyll A concentrations. The

138

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Degree Day Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reports Degree Day Reports image Quick and easy web-based tool that provides free historical degree days for 1,200 stations in the U.S. and Canada, 1994 to present. Degree Day...

139

The Euclidean Distance Degree of an Algebraic Variety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polynomials F1,...,Fc of degrees d1,...,dc whose variety has ED degree larger than (2.8). ...... Rekha Thomas, University of Washington, Box 354350, Seattle, WA ...

140

On degree bounds for separating invariants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let a group $G$ act on a finite dimensional vector space $V$ over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $p$. Then $\\beta_{\\sep}(G)$ is the minimal number such that, for any $V$, the invariants of degree less or equal than this number have the same separating properties as the whole invariant ring $K[V]^{G}$. Derksen and Kemper have shown $\\beta_{\\sep}(G)\\le |G|$. We show $\\beta_{\\sep}(G)=|G|$ for $p$-groups and cyclic groups, and $\\beta_{\\sep}(G)=\\infty$ for infinite unipotent groups. We also show $\\beta_{\\sep}(G)\\le \\beta_{\\sep}(G/N)\\beta_{\\sep}(N)$ for a normal divisor $N$ of finite index.

Kohls, Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Degree Day .Net  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Degree Day .Net Degree Day .Net Logo for Degree Day.net Website that generates heating and cooling degree days for locations worldwide. Degree days are commonly used in calculations relating to building energy consumption. Once you have chosen a weather station (of which there are thousands available) and specified the degree days you want (e.g. what base temperature, do you want them broken down in daily, weekly or monthly format), Degree Days.net will calculate your degree days, and give them to you as a CSV file that you can open directly in a spreadsheet. Screen Shots Keywords degree days, HDD, CDD Validation/Testing A comprehensive suite of automated tests have been written to test the software. Expertise Required Degree Days.net makes it very easy to specify and generate degree days, so

142

Multiple-degree-of-freedom vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-degree-of-freedom vehicle employs a compliant linkage to accommodate the need for a variation in the distance between drive wheels or drive systems which are independently steerable and drivable. The subject vehicle is provided with rotary encodes to provide signals representative of the orientation of the steering pivot associated with each such drive wheel or system, and a linear encoder which issues a signal representative of the fluctuations in the distance between the drive elements. The wheels of the vehicle are steered and driven in response to the linear encoder signal, there being provided a controller system for minimizing the fluctuations in the distance. The controller system is a software implementation of a plurality of controllers, operating at the chassis level and at the vehicle level. A trajectory interpolator receives x-displacement, y-displacement, and .theta.-displacement signals and produces to the vehicle level controller trajectory signals corresponding to interpolated control signals. The x-displacement, y-displacement, and .theta.-displacement signals are received from a human operator, via a manipulable joy stick.

Borenstein, Johann (Ann Arbor, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Mechanism Based Anticancer Drugs that Degrade Sp Transcription Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curcumin is the active component of tumeric, and this polyphenolic compound has been extensively investigated as an anticancer drug that modulates multiple pathways and genes. We demonstrated that curcumin inhibited 253JB-V and KU7 bladder cancer cell growth, and this was accompanied by induction of apoptosis and decreased expression of the proapoptotic protein survivin and the angiogenic proteins vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1). Since expression of survivin, VEGF and VEGFR1 are dependent on specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors, we also investigated the effects of curcumin on downregulation of Sp protein expression as an underlying mechanism for the apoptotic and antiangiogenic activity of this compound. Curcumin decreases expression of Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 in blader cancer cells indicating that the cancer chemotherapeutic activity of curcumin is due, in part, to decreased expression of Sp transcription factors and Sp-dependent genes. Betulinic acid (BA) and curcumin are phytochemical anticancer agents, and we hypothesized that both compounds decrease EGFR expression in bladder cancer through downregulation of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors. BA and curcumin decreased expression of EGFR, Sp1, Sp3, Sp4 and Sp-dependent proteins in 253JB-V and KU7 cells; EGFR was also decreased in cells transfected with a cocktail (iSp) containing small inhibitory RNAs for Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 showing that EGFR is an Sp-regulated gene. Methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18?-olean-1,12- dien-30-oate (CDODA-Me) is a synthetic triterpenoid derived from glycyrrhetinic acid which inhibits proliferation of KU7 and 253JB-V bladder cancer cells. CDODA-Me also decreased expression of specificity protein-1 (Sp1), Sp3 and Sp4 transcription factors. Similar results were observed for a structurally-related triterpenoid, methyl 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oate (CDDO-Me), which is currently in clinical trials for treatment of leukemia. Celastrol, a naturally occurring triterpenoid acid from an ivy-like vine exhibits anticancer activity against bladder cancer cells. Celastrol decreased cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and decreased expression of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 and several Sp-dependent genes like Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). In vivo studies using KU7 cells as xenografts showed that celastrol represents novel class of anticancer drugs that acts, in part, through targeting downregulation of Sp transcription factors.

Chadalapaka, Gayathri

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)

145

Edison SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SpA SpA Jump to: navigation, search Name Edison SpA Place Milan, Italy Zip 20121 Sector Hydro, Wind energy Product Independent power producer with approximately 9,300MW of hydro, fossil fuel and wind generation assets. Coordinates 45.468945°, 9.18103° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.468945,"lon":9.18103,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

146

IMAT SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IMAT SpA IMAT SpA Jump to: navigation, search Name IMAT SpA Place Fontanafredda, Italy Zip 33074 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar Product Italy-based company specializing in manufacturing of components for household refrigeration. Their main renewable energy focus is solar power. Coordinates 45.971831°, 12.571475° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.971831,"lon":12.571475,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

147

Almeco SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Almeco SpA Almeco SpA Jump to: navigation, search Name Almeco SpA Place Milan, Italy Zip 20098 Product Milan-based lighting company. Manufactures daylight saving systems and light pipes as well as reflectors and absorbers for STEG. Coordinates 45.468945°, 9.18103° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.468945,"lon":9.18103,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

Initiation and stable crack growth behavior of API X70 steel at low temperatures (25C [>=] T [>=] [minus]95C)  

SciTech Connect

Small-scale tests employing single edge notch bend (SENB) specimens of API X70 pipeline steel were conducted to assess the initiation and stable growth behavior of this material at test temperatures between 25C and [minus]95C. Material resistance curves were generated based on various proposed J-integral and crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) relationships and criteria for defining crack initiation and stable growth. DC potential drop crack growth monitoring was employed to provide crack propagation data for development of the resistance curves. The temperature dependence of crack initiation and stable growth properties of this material are quantified and presented. Verification of the temperature independence of the normalized J or CTOD tearing modulus is also provided.

Romilly, D.P. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The degree and connectivity of Internet's scale-free topology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we theoretically and empirically study the degree and connectivity of the Internet's scale-free topology at the autonomous system (AS) level. The basic features of the scale-free network have influence on the normalization constant of the degree distribution p(k). We develop a mathematics model of the Internet's scale-free topology. On this model we theoretically get the formulas of the average degree, the ratios of the kmin-degree (minimum degree) nodes and the kmax-degree (maximum degree) nodes, the fraction of the degrees (or links) in the hands of the richer (top best-connected) nodes. We find the average degree is larger for smaller power-law exponent {\\lambda} and larger minimum or maximum degree. The ratio of the kmin-degree nodes is larger for larger {\\lambda} and smaller kmin or kmax. The ratio of the kmax-degree ones is larger for smaller {\\lambda} and kmax or larger kmin. The richer nodes hold most of the total degrees of the AS-level Internet topology. In addition, we reveal the rati...

Zhang, Lianming; Yu, Jianping; Wu, Xiangsheng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Microsoft Word - 2012_sp_04.docx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

STEO Supplement: Change in Regional and U.S. Degree-Day Calculations 1 STEO Supplement: Change in Regional and U.S. Degree-Day Calculations 1 September 11, 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Change in Regional and U.S. Degree-Day Calculations Average daily temperatures during the summer and winter months, reported as population- weighted cooling degree days (CDDs) and heating degree days (HDDs), respectively, are important in explaining and forecasting the consumption of energy for space cooling and heating in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). 1 The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports heating and cooling degree days at the local, state, regional, and national levels. NOAA calculates degree days for

151

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Degree Day Forecasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Forecasts Forecasts Degree Day Forecasts example chart Quick and easy web-based tool that provides free 14-day ahead degree day forecasts for 1,200 stations in the U.S. and Canada. Degree Day Forecasts charts show this year, last year and three-year average. Historical degree day charts and energy usage forecasts are available from the same site. Keywords degree days, historical weather, mean daily temperature Validation/Testing Degree day data provided by AccuWeather.com, updated daily at 0700. Expertise Required No special expertise required. Simple to use. Users Over 1,000 weekly users. Audience Anyone who needs degree day forecasts (next 14 days) for the U.S. and Canada. Input Select a weather station (1,200 available) and balance point temperature. Output Charts show (1) degree day (heating and cooling) forecasts for the next 14

152

ORISE: Report shows number of health physics degrees for 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE report shows number of health physics degrees increased for graduates, decreased for undergraduates in 2010 Decreased number of B.S. degrees remains higher than levels in the...

153

Health Physics Enrollents and Degrees Survey, 2006 Data  

SciTech Connect

This annual survey collects 2006 data on the number of health physics degrees awarded as well as the number of students enrolled in health physics academic programs. Thirty universities offer health physics degrees; all responded to the survey.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2004 Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report details the the number of health physics bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees awarded at a sampling of academic programs from 1998-2004. It also looks at health physics degrees by curriculum and the number of students enrolled in health physics degree programs at 28 U.S. universities in 2004.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2005 Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report details the number of health physics bachelor's, master's, and postdoctoral degrees awarded at a sampling of academic programs from 1998-2005. It also looks at health physics degrees by curriculum and the number of students enrolled in health physics degree programs at 30 U.S. universities in 2005.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2005 Data  

SciTech Connect

This annual report details the number of nuclear engineering bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees awarded at a sampling of academic programs from 1998-2005. it also looks at nuclear engineering degrees by curriculum and the number of students enrolled in nuclear engineering degree programs at 30 U.S. universities in 2005.

Oak RIdge Institute for Science and Education

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Solar Utility SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name Solar Utility SpA Place Italy Sector Solar Product Italy-based solar PV project developer. References Solar Utility SpA1 LinkedIn Connections...

158

Pore geometry in woven fiber structures: 0{degree}/90{degree} plain-weave cloth layup preform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite preform fiber architectures range from the very simple to the complex, and the extremes are typified by parallel continuous fibers and complicated three-dimensional woven structures. Subsequent processing of these preforms to produce dense composites may depend critically on the geometry of the interfiber porosity. The goal of this study is to fully characterize the structure of a 0{degree}/90{degree} cloth layup preform using x-ray tomographic microscopy (XTM). This characterization includes the measurement of intercloth channel widths and their variability, the transverse distribution of through-cloth holes, and the distribution of preform porosity. The structure of the intercloth porosity depends critically on the magnitude and direction of the offset between adjacent cloth layers. The structures observed include two-dimensional networks of open pipes linking adjacent holes, arrays of parallel one-dimensional pipes linking holes, and relatively closed channels exhibiting little structure, and these different structures would appear to offer very different resistances to gas flow through the preform. These measurements, and future measurements for different fiber architectures, will yield improved understanding of the role of preform structure on processing. {copyright} {ital 1998 Materials Research Society.}

Lee, S. [Republic of Korea Army Headquarters, Chungnam, Nonsan, Duma Namson (Republic of Korea); Stock, S.R. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia30332-0245 (United States); Butts, M.D. [Chicago Bridge and Iron, Chicago, Illinois (United States); Starr, T.L. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia30332-0245 (United States); Breunig, T.M. [Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California94143-0758 (United States); Kinney, J.H. [Chemistry and Materials Science Department, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California94550 (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

ORISE: Report shows number of health physics degrees for 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

report shows number of health physics degrees increased for report shows number of health physics degrees increased for graduates, decreased for undergraduates in 2010 Decreased number of B.S. degrees remains higher than levels in the early 2000 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Dec. 20, 2011 FY12-09 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-The number of health physics graduate degrees increased for both master's and doctoral candidates in 2010, but decreased for bachelor's degrees, says a report released this year by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. The ORISE report, Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2010 Data, surveyed 24 academic programs with enrollment and degree data and included students majoring in health physics or in an option program equivalent to a major, such as other health physics-based programs embedded in life

160

Nuclear Engingeering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2008 Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SURVEY UNIVERSE SURVEY UNIVERSE The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2007, and August 31, 2008, and fall 2008 enrollments. Thirty-one academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2008, and data was provided by all thirty-one programs. DEGREE DATA Bachelor's Degrees. The number of B.S. degrees granted in 2008 by nuclear engineering programs increased by 10% over 2007, and is the highest number reported since 1988. (See Table 1.) This is the fifth consecutive year of increases. The rate of increase in 2008 was, however, the lowest in five years. Nuclear engineering majors accounted for 89% of all B.S. degrees. (See Table 2.) Graduate Degrees. The number of master's degrees granted in 2008 increased for the sixth consecutive

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Enel Green Power SpA formerly Erga SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enel Green Power SpA formerly Erga SpA Enel Green Power SpA formerly Erga SpA Jump to: navigation, search Name Enel Green Power SpA (formerly Erga SpA) Place Pisa, Italy Zip 56122 Sector Geothermal energy, Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Rome-based renewable energy division of Enel S.p.A, developing and managing operations in wind, solar, geothermal mini-hydro. Coordinates 43.70996°, 10.39946° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.70996,"lon":10.39946,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) University of SheffieldSTFC SSP Intro Summer Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) http://robertus.staff.shef.ac.ukUniversity of SheffieldSTFC SSP Intro]solitons, applications) ·Conclusions #12;Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) http

163

New Degree Programs Plug Students in to Energy Fields - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 25, 2009 ... ESTEC now has four energy system programs and plans to add a nuclear operations degree in January and hydroelectric and geothermal ...

164

Brief 70 Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees, 2011 Summary Information  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2010 and August 31, 2011. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2011. The enrollment and degree data include students majoring in nuclear engineering or in an option program equivalent to a major. Thirty-two academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2011, and data was received from all thirty-two programs. The data for two nuclear engineering programs include enrollments and degrees in health physics options that are also reported in the health physics enrollments and degrees data.

Dr. Don Johnson

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

Spin and Charge Degrees of Freedom in the Copper Oxide ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Spin and Charge Degrees of Freedom in the Copper Oxide Superconductor La 2-x Ba x CuO 4. Sarah Dunsiger, McMaster University. ...

166

Effect of artificial aging on the microstructure of weldment on API 5L X-52 steel pipe  

SciTech Connect

The effects of artificial aging on the microstructure in the weldment of an API 5L X-52 steel pipe were studied. Aging was performed at 250 deg. C over a period of 1000 h and values were recorded at every 100 h intervals. Transmission electron microscopy observations showed precipitation strengthening from nearly circular Nb-C containing nanoparticles for the base metal and heat affected zone, and cementite for the weld metal. The largest amount of precipitation in the weldment zone was obtained at 500 h, due to peak-aging, which showed the highest particle density. The weld metal was more susceptible to aging, exhibiting the highest increase in precipitation at 500 h, followed by the heat affected zone. After 500 h, the deterioration in the microstructure was caused by the coarsening of particles due to over-aging. The base metal showed the larger increment in particle size after 900 h of aging accompanied by a bigger decrease in fine particles than in the weld metal.

Vargas-Arista, B. [Departamento de Ingenieria Metalurgica, IPN-ESIQIE, Laboratorios Pesados de Metalurgia, UPALM Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico DF (Mexico)]. E-mail: bvarista26@yahoo.com.mx; Hallen, J.M. [Departamento de Ingenieria Metalurgica, IPN-ESIQIE, Laboratorios Pesados de Metalurgia, UPALM Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico DF (Mexico)]. E-mail: j_hallen@yahoo.com; Albiter, A. [Departamento de Ingenieria Metalurgica, IPN-ESIQIE, Laboratorios Pesados de Metalurgia, UPALM Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico DF (Mexico)]. E-mail: aalbiter@imp.mx

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2007 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2006 and August 31, 2007. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2007. Twenty-nine academic programs were included in the survey universe, and 28 of the 29 responded. The report includes data by degree level including citizenship, gender, and race/ethnicity plus enrollments of junior and senior undergraduate students and graduate students.

Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Brief 67 Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2009 Data  

SciTech Connect

This survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2008 and August 31, 2009. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2009. Twenty-four academic programs were included in the survey universe, and all twenty-four responded. The report includes data by degree level including citizenship, gender, and race/ethnicity, plus enrollments of junior and senior undergraduate students and graduate students.

Dr. Larry M. Blair, Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Bachelor of Arts in Social Work Degree (BASW) Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bachelor of Arts in Social Work Degree (BASW) Program e School of Social Work offers a Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in Social Work. is new BASW program is the only baccalaureate social work program in the Oregon University System. e Portland State University's School of Social Work is excited

170

Smart Grid EV Communication (SpEC) Module | Argonne National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for licensing: Argonne's direct current charging digital communication controller, the Smart Grid EV Communication (SpEC) module, enables rapid recharging of electric vehicles...

171

Solar Ventures SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Solar Ventures SpA Place Milan, Italy Zip 20122 Sector Solar Product Solar PV project developer investor, focused on the Italian market and considering...

172

The Complexity of Approximating Bounded-Degree Boolean #CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree of a CSP instance is the maximum number of times that a variable may appear in the scope of constraints. We consider the approximate counting problem for Boolean CSPs with bounded-degree instances for constraint languages containing the two unary constant relations {0} and {1}. When the maximum degree is at least 25 we obtain a complete classification of the complexity of this problem. It is exactly solvable in polynomial-time if every relation in the constraint language is affine. It is equivalent to the problem of approximately counting independent sets in bipartite graphs if every relation can be expressed as conjunctions of {0}, {1} and binary implication. Otherwise, there is no FPRAS unless NP=RP. For lower degree bounds, additional cases arise in which the complexity is related to the complexity of approximately counting independent sets in hypergraphs.

Dyer, Martin; Jalsenius, Markus; Richerby, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Degree-Day Formulations and Application in Turkey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Degree-days are fundamental design parameters in many application fields such as power generation and consumption, agriculture, architecture, snow melt estimation, environmental energy planning, population siting, and military domains. Depending ...

Mikdat Kadioglu; Zekai ?en

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Estimating Historical Heating and Cooling Needs. Per Capita Degree Days  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series of approximate United States average annual per capita heating and cooling degree days for the years 1895–1983 are presented. The data reflect the combined effects of climate fluctuations and population shifts, and can be used in ...

M. W. Downton; T. R. Stewart; K. A. Miller

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A kinematic coupling based 6 degrees of freedom dynamometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new 6-degree of freedom dynamometer is presented. Six load cells measure the normal forces at the contact points of a three groove kinematic coupling. Three toggle clamps are used to preload the machine, so that it does ...

Moreu Gamazo, Jaime

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Energy Management Degree Specialization at Texas A&M University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M offers unique degree programs with a specialization in energy management. The most popular of the degree offered is a professional degree, the Master of Engineering, which blends technical courses in energy management with professional development courses such as finance, management accounting, and economics. The industrial-oriented degree also requires a 3-6 month internship in industry, for which the students receive academic credit. The internship program allows students to receive valuable on-the-job experience while providing industries with trained engineers to assist in solving specific problems. The overall objective of the energy management program is to train industrial energy managers who will be able to help solve one of the most urgent, long-term problems facing this country--the energy shortage.

Murphy, W. E.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Variability of Population-Weighted Seasonal Heating Degree Days  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional and national heating fuel demand is related to both weather and population density. This study analyzes the variability of population-weighted, seasonal heating degree days for the coterminous 48 states. A risk assessment of unusual ...

Nathaniel B. Guttman

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

German noch so: scalar degree operator and negative polarity item  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a puzzle introduced by German noch so, a degree operator and Negative Polarity Item. Noch so sentences allow for paraphrases containing a scalar particle (like even), suggesting that its polarity sensitivity can receive an analysis ...

Bernhard Schwarz

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

College of Agriculture Departments and Degree Programs Agricultural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Education Animal & Range Sciences Land Resources & Environmental Sciences Immunology & Infectious Diseases Multi Disciplinary Agricultural Business Agricultural Education Animal Science Natural Resources & Rangeland Ecology Environmental Sciences Pre-Vet Program (non-degree) Biotechnology Sustainable Foods

Lawrence, Rick L.

180

Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2008 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2007, and August 31, 2008, and fall 2008 enrollments. Thirty-one academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2008, and data was provided by all thirty-one programs.

Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2007 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2006, and August 1, 2007, and fall 2007 enrollments. Thirty-one academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2007, and data was obtained for all thirty-one.

Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Brief 66 Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2009 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2008 and August 31, 2009, and fall 2009 enrollments. Thirty-two academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2009, and data was obtained from all thirty-two.

Dr. Larry M. Blair, Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2008 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2007 and August 31, 2008. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2008. Twenty-six academic programs were included in the survey universe, and all 26 programs provided data.

Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Heating Degree Day Data Applied to Residential Heating Energy Consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Site-specific total electric energy and heating oil consumption for individual residences show a very high correlation with National Weather Service airport temperature data when transformed to heating degree days. Correlations of regional total ...

Robert G. Quayle; Henry F. Diaz

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Dynamics of Manipulators with Less Than One Degree of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed an efficient Lagrangian formulation of manipulators with small numbers of degrees of freedom. The efficiency derives from the lack of velocities, accelerations, and generalized forces. The number of ...

Hillis, D.

186

Definition: Self-Potential (SP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Self-Potential (SP) Self-Potential (SP) (Redirected from Definition:Self Potential) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Self-Potential (SP) The self-potential (SP) technique is a passive electrical geophysical method based upon the measurement of spontaneous or natural electrical potential developed in the earth due to: 1) electrochemical interactions between minerals and subsurface fluids; 2) electrokinetic processes resulting from the flow of ionic fluids; or 3) thermoelectric mechanisms from temperature gradients in the subsurface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Spontaneous potential (SP), also called self potential, is a naturally occurring electric potential difference in the Earth, measured by an electrode relative to a fixed reference electrode. Spontaneous

187

Definition: Self-Potential (SP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Self-Potential (SP) Self-Potential (SP) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Self-Potential (SP) The self-potential (SP) technique is a passive electrical geophysical method based upon the measurement of spontaneous or natural electrical potential developed in the earth due to: 1) electrochemical interactions between minerals and subsurface fluids; 2) electrokinetic processes resulting from the flow of ionic fluids; or 3) thermoelectric mechanisms from temperature gradients in the subsurface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Spontaneous potential (SP), also called self potential, is a naturally occurring electric potential difference in the Earth, measured by an electrode relative to a fixed reference electrode. Spontaneous potentials are often measured down boreholes for formation evaluation in

188

Degree Distribution in Quantum Walks on Complex Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this theoretical study, we analyze quantum walks on complex networks, which model network-based processes ranging from quantum computing to biology and even sociology. Specifically, we analytically relate the average long time probability distribution for the location of a unitary quantum walker to that of a corresponding classical walker. The distribution of the classical walker is proportional to the distribution of degrees, which measures the connectivity of the network nodes and underlies many methods for analyzing classical networks including website ranking. The quantum distribution becomes exactly equal to the classical distribution when the walk has zero energy and at higher energies the difference, the so-called quantumness, is bounded by the energy of the initial state. We give an example for which the quantumness equals a Renyi entropy of the normalized weighted degrees, guiding us to regimes for which the classical degree-dependent result is recovered and others for which quantum effects dominate.

Mauro Faccin; Tomi Johnson; Jacob Biamonte; Sabre Kais; Piotr Migda?

2013-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

189

Degree of Polarization at Simultaneous Transmit: Theoretical Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider weather radar measurements at simultaneous transmission and simultaneous reception of horizontal and vertical polarizations and show that the degree of polarization at simultaneous transmit (p{sub s}) is related to differential reflectivity and copolar correlation coefficient at simultaneous transmit (namely, Z{sub DR}s and {rho}{sub hy}s). We evaluate the potential of degree of polarization at simultaneous transmit for weather radar applications. Ultimately, we explore the consequences of adjusting the transmit polarization state of dual-polarization weather radars to circular polarization.

Galletti M.; Zrnic, D. S.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ultrascalable Implicit Finite Element Analyses in Solid Mechanics with over a Half a Billion Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a highly parallel finite element program, Olympus, equipped with an ultrascalable linear solver, Prometheus, applied to micro-FE bone modeling calculations on an IBM SP Power3. Scalability is demonstrated with scaled speedup studies of a non-linear analyses of a vertebral body with over a half of a billion degrees of freedom. We show parallel scalability with up to 4088 processors on the ACSI White machine. This work is significant in that, in the domain of unstructured implicit finite element analysis in solid mechanics with complex geometry, this is the first demonstration of a highly parallel, and e#cient, application of a mathematically optimal linear solution method---smoothed aggregation algebraic multigrid.

Mark F. Adams; Harun H. Bayraktar; Tony M. Keaveny; Panayiotis Papadopoulos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Degree centrality for semantic abstraction summarization of therapeutic studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic summarization has been proposed to help manage the results of biomedical information retrieval systems. Semantic MEDLINE, for example, summarizes semantic predications representing assertions in MEDLINE citations. Results are presented as a ... Keywords: Automatic summarization, Degree centrality, Disease treatment, Graph theory, Natural language processing, Semantic processing

Han Zhang; Marcelo Fiszman; Dongwook Shin; Christopher M. Miller; Graciela Rosemblat; Thomas C. Rindflesch

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Commissioning of the CMS zero degree calorimeter using LHC beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports on the commissioning and first running experience of the CMS Zero Degree Calorimeters during December 2009. All channels worked correctly. The ZDCs were timed into the data acquisition system using beam splash events. These data also allowed us to make a first estimate of channel-by-channel variations in gain.

O. Grachov; M. Murray; J. Wood; Y. Onel; S. Sen; T. Yetkin

2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

193

An Assessment Model on Green Degree of Biodegradable Packaging Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assessment model of green degree of biodegradable packaging materials is built. The first-order assessment indexes are composed of environmental properties, energy properties, resource properties and economy and the second order assessment index are ... Keywords: packaging materials, analytic hierarchy process, life cycle assessment

Xiaoming Zuo; Zhaomei Xu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Estimated Seasonal Cycle of North Atlantic Eighteen Degree Water Volume  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal cycle in the volume and formation rate of Eighteen Degree Water (EDW) in the North Atlantic is quantified over the 3-yr period from 2004 to 2006. The EDW layer is defined as all waters that have a temperature between 17° and 19°C. ...

Gaël Forget; Guillaume Maze; Martha Buckley; John Marshall

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A cumulative belief-degree approach for nuclear safeguards evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear safeguards are a set of activities to verify that a State is living up to its international undertakings not to use nuclear programs for nuclear weapons purposes. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) uses a hierarchical assessment system ... Keywords: cumulative belif degree, decision making, fuzzy linguistic terms, nuclear safeguards

Özgür Kabak; Da Ruan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Joint Degree Program in Social Work and Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Degree Program in Social Work and Law MSW and JD The complexity of current national debates and programs, and social work advocacy activities, including clinical practice, and the law. It is therefore work to remain in good standing and for graduation, the MSW Program follows the Graduate School

Peterson, Blake R.

197

API 5CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Advanced Steel Metallurgy: Design, Processing, and Technological ...

198

Standards for ICCP API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report reflects an update to the original 12/99 EPRI Report TE-114613 and the current status of the standard as of 6/30/00. The Inter-Control Center Communication Protocol (ICCP) was developed as an EPRI project for the exchange of power system information between control centers, or between a control center and a generation control system or substation. ICCP is now an international standard IEC 60870-6 known as Telecontrol Application Service Element 2 (TASE.2) (See Reference 1-3). However, the App...

2000-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

199

RFI Comments - API  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... companies, exploration and production, refining, marketing, pipeline ... differ from those used to run a refinery. ... needs of an integrated oil company will ...

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

200

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

drip gas, as well as liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gil- sonite, and oil shale. Excludes topped crude oil, resid- ual oil, other unfinished oils, and liquids...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Web Service Interface (API)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on your server.Edit the source, destination and ERO values for your host. 2. Query Reservation Request message parameters: Global Reservation Id (string) - the...

202

Preliminary SP-100/Stirling heat exchanger designs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Analytic modeling of several heat exchanger concepts to couple the SP-100 nuclear reactor lithium loop and the Space Stirling Power Convertor (SSPC) was performed. Four 25 kWe SSPC`s are used to produce the required 100 kW of electrical power. This design work focused on the interface between a single SSPC and the primary lithium loop. Manifolding to separate and collect the four channel flow was not modeled. This work modeled two separate types of heat exchanger interfaces (conductive coupling and radiative coupling) to explore their relative advantages and disadvantages. The minimum mass design of the conductively coupled concepts was 18 kg or 0.73 kg/kWe for a single 25 kWe convertor. The minimum mass radiatively coupled concept was 41 kg or 1.64 kg/kWe. The direct conduction heat exchanger provides a lighter weight system because of its ability to operate the Stirling convertor evaporator at higher heat fluxes than those attainable by the radiatively coupled systems. Additionally the conductively coupled concepts had relatively small volumes and provide potentially simpler assembly. Their disadvantages were the tight tolerances and material joining problems associated with this refractory to superalloy interface. The advantages of the radiatively coupled designs were the minimal material interface problems.

Schmitz, P.; Tower, L. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Dawson, R. [Aerospace Design and Fabrication Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States); Blue, B.; Dunn, P. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

ORISE: Nuclear engineering degrees at highest ranges since 1980s  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE report shows graduation, enrollment rates for nuclear engineering ORISE report shows graduation, enrollment rates for nuclear engineering candidates are still at highest ranges reported since 1980s Report also shows shifts in career opportunities beyond graduation in nuclear utilities FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Nov. 2, 2011 FY12-04 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-After a one-year decline, the number of graduate and undergraduate nuclear engineering degrees earned in the United States bounced back in 2010. A recent report from the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education shows enrollments of both undergraduate and graduate nuclear engineering students are still in the highest ranges reported since the early 1980s. Despite the continued growth trend in enrollments and degrees, the report also revealed that the reported plans of graduates show fewer had plans to

204

METHOD FOR SENSING DEGREE OF FLUIDIZATION IN FLUIDIZED BED  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is given for detecting, indicating, and controlling the degree of fluidization in a fluid-bed reactor into which powdered material is fed. The method comprises admitting of gas into the reactor, inserting a springsupported rod into the powder bed of the reactor, exciting the rod to vibrate at its resonant frequency, deriving a signal responsive to the amplitude of vibi-ation of the rod and spring, the signal being directiy proportional to the rate of flow of the gas through the reactor, displaying the signal to provide an indication of the degree of fluidization within the reactor, and controlling the rate of gas flow into the reactor until said signal stabilizes at a constant value to provide substantially complete fluidization within the reactor. (AEC)

Levey, R.P. Jr.; Fowler, A.H.

1961-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Degree-distribution stability of scale-free networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the concept and techniques of first-passage probability in Markov chain theory, this letter provides a rigorous proof for the existence of the steady-state degree distribution of the scale-free network generated by the Barabasi-Albert (BA) model, and mathematically re-derives the exact analytic formulas of the distribution. The approach developed here is quite general, applicable to many other scale-free types of complex networks.

Zhenting Hou; Xiangxing Kong; Dinghua Shi; Guanrong Chen

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

206

Toxicity of ionic liquids to Clostridium sp. and effects on uranium biosorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Hazardous Materials 264 (2014) 246- 253 of Hazardous Materials 264 (2014) 246- 253 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / j h a z m a t Toxicity of ionic liquids to Clostridium sp. and effects on uranium biosorption C. Zhang a,b,∗ , S.V. Malhotra b,1 , A.J. Francis c,d a College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin, China 300071 b Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07104 USA c Environmental Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 USA d Division of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, 790-784 South Korea h i g h l i g h t s * Three ILs showed varying degrees of toxicity to Clostridium sp.

207

Smart Grid EV Communication Model (SpEC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SpEC module conforms to these SAE standards. Market Opportunity Research indicates the charging station market will grow in unit sales from around 120,000 units in 2012 to 1.3...

208

PaSol Italia SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investors in order to initiate local PV module manufacturing to address the growing solar market in Italy and other parts of Europe References PaSol Italia SpA1 LinkedIn...

209

Environmental interactions and the SP-100 power system  

SciTech Connect

The Civil Space Technology Initiative High-Capacity-Power Environmental Interactions Program has made great progress in defining and evaluating the interactions of the SP-100 power system with its expected ambient environments. The NASCAP/LEO and POLAR computer codes demonstrated that local electric fields at the user interface module are high. Therefore, particular attention must be paid to geometries and materials in this region to prevent arcing at conductor-insulator junctions in low Earth orbit. NASCAP/LEO and EPSAT computer models revealed that SP-100 payloads float about 100 V negative of the LEO plasma. In addition, ground tests and modeling done for the Space Station Freedom Electrical Grounding Tiger Team found that dielectric coatings often break down at such voltages in a plasma. Thus, surface coatings for SP-100 payloads should be carefully selected. Sputtering may also be a concern for long-duration missions in LEO at these voltages. Much work has been done on a sputtering model to evaluate surface material loss rates on SP-100 payloads. In ground plasma chamber tests of cables and cable insulators at SP-100 voltages, parasitic power losses due to the plasma current collected from possible pinholes or coating defects were quantified and shown to be small. Modeling revealed that the power loss from currents to other surfaces is also small. The atomic oxygen durability of SP-100 materials and coatings continues to be investigated in ground tests. In the upcoming Evaluation of Oxygen Interaction with Materials (EOIM-3) Shuttle flight experiment, a host of SP-100 materials will be evaluated for atomic oxygen durability in LEO. Finally, an evaluation of the interactions of the SP-100 power system with lunar and planetary environments has started. At a workshop on chemical and electrical interactions on Mars recently held at the NASA Lewis Research Center, many of primary interactions were identified.

Ferguson, D.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Improved Complexity Bound of Vertex Cover for Low degree Graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we use a new method to decrease the parameterized complexity bound for finding the minimum vertex cover of connected max-degree-3 undirected graphs. The key operation of this method is reduction of the size of a particular subset of edges which we introduce in this paper and is called as "real-cycle" subset. Using "real-cycle" reductions alone we compute a complexity bound $O(1.15855^k)$ where $k$ is size of the optimal vertex cover. Combined with other techniques, the complexity bound can be further improved to be $O(1.1504^k)$. This is currently the best complexity bound.

Yue, Weiya; Cao, Weiwei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

90-Degree Bragg Reflection from a Thin Crystalline Film  

SciTech Connect

Experimental observations of synchrotron radiation diffraction from a thin surface layer at a 90-degree Bragg reflection are reported and discussed. The synchrotron experiments were performed using a bending magnet source at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in France and undulator sources at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) in the U.S. and SPring-8 in Japan. Thin (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 micron) InGaAs films deposited on a GaAs (100) substrate were studied near the 90- degree using the GaAs (800) reflection. A slight, less than 0.1%, difference in the lattice spacing between the layer and the substrate is sufficient to allow a direct and exclusive observation of the diffraction profile from a thin layer as if it was a 'free-standing' thin crystal. This research opens new possibilities for x-ray optical schemes and the development of novel analytical techniques for surface/interface x-ray diffraction studies.

Nikulin, A.Y.; Davis, J.R.; Usher, B.F.; Freund, A.K.; Ishikawa, T.

2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

212

Designing fault-tolerant manipulators: How many degrees of freedom?  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important parameters to consider when designing a manipulator is the number of degrees of freedom (DOFs). This article focuses on the question: How many DOFs are necessary and sufficient for fault tolerance, and how should these DOFs be distributed along the length of the manipulator? A manipulator is fault tolerant if it can complete its task even when one of its joints fails and is immobilized. The number of DOFs needed for fault tolerance strongly depends on the knowledge available about the task. In this article, two approaches are explored. First, for the design of a general purpose fault-tolerant manipulator, it is assumed that neither the exact task trajectory nor the redundancy resolution algorithm are known a priori and the manipulator has no joint limits. In this case, two redundant DOFs are necessary and sufficient to sustain one joint failure, as is demonstrated in two design templates for spatial fault-tolerant manipulators. In this second approach, both the Cartesian task path and the redundancy resolution algorithm are assumed to be known. The design of such a task-specific fault-tolerant manipulator requires only one degree of redundancy. 22 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Paredis, C.J.J.; Khosla, P.K. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A rigid cone in the truth-table degrees with jump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The automorphism group of the truth-table degrees with order and jump is fixed on the set of degrees above the fourth jump of 0.

Kjos-Hanssen, Bjørn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

On the RMS Anisotropy at 7 degrees and 10 degrees Observed in the COBE-DMR Two Year Sky Maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The frequency-independent RMS temperature fluctuations determined from the COBE-DMR two year sky maps are used to infer the parameter Q_{rms-PS}, which characterizes the normalization of power law models of primordial cosmological temperature anisotropy. In particular, a 'cross'-RMS statistic is used to determine Q_{rms-PS} for a forced fit to a scale-invariant Harrison-Zel'dovich (n = 1) spectral model. Using a joint analysis of the 7 degree and 10 degree RMS temperature derived from both the 53 and 90 GHz sky maps, we find Q_{rms-PS} = 17.0^{+2.5}_{-2.1} uK when the low quadrupole is included, and Q_{rms-PS} = 19.4^{+2.3}_{-2.1} uK excluding the quadrupole. These results are consistent with the n = 1 fits from more sensitive methods (e.g. power spectrum, correlation function). The effect of the low quadrupole derived from the COBE-DMR data on the inferred Q_{rms-PS} normalization is investigated. A bias to lower Q_{rms-PS} is found when the quadrupole is included. The higher normalization for a forced n = 1 fit is then favored by the cross-RMS technique. As initially pointed out in Wright et al. (1994a) and further discussed here, analytic formulae for the RMS sky temperature fluctuations will NOT provide the correct normalization amplitude.

A. J. Banday; K. M. Gorski; L. Tenorio; E. L. Wright; G. F. Smoot; C. H. Lineweaver; A. Kogut; G. Hinshaw; C. L. Bennett

1994-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Number of degrees of freedom of two-dimensional turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive upper bounds for the number of degrees of freedom of two-dimensional Navier--Stokes turbulence freely decaying from a smooth initial vorticity field $\\omega(x,y,0)=\\omega_0$. This number, denoted by $N$, is defined as the minimum dimension such that for $n\\ge N$, arbitrary $n$-dimensional balls in phase space centred on the solution trajectory $\\omega(x,y,t)$, for $t>0$, contract under the dynamics of the system linearized about $\\omega(x,y,t)$. In other words, $N$ is the minimum number of greatest Lyapunov exponents whose sum becomes negative. It is found that $N\\le C_1R_e$ when the phase space is endowed with the energy norm, and $N\\le C_2R_e(1+\\ln R_e)^{1/3}$ when the phase space is endowed with the enstrophy norm. Here $C_1$ and $C_2$ are constant and $R_e$ is the Reynolds number defined in terms of $\\omega_0$, the system length scale, and the viscosity $\

Chuong V. Tran; Luke Blackbourn

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

SP-59: Rheological Performance and Compressive Strength of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stage III studies the 90 days compressive strengths (Sc) of mortar cubes at w/b= 0.35, ... SEM examinations show that Sc was controlled by densification of the ITZ . ... Properties in the Nickel-Titanium-Hafnium System for Shape-Memory Optimization · SP-45: Design of pH and Thermal Sensitive Hydrogels for Catheter Based ...

217

X:\Data_Publication\Pma\current\ventura\pma00.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

calculated in terms of the following formula: calculated in terms of the following formula: Deg API sp gr degF degF = - 141 5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons.

218

Non-local charges and quantum integrability of sigma models on the symmetric spaces SO(2n)/SO(n)xSO(n) and Sp(2n)/Sp(n)xSp(n)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-local conserved charges in two-dimensional sigma models with target spaces $SO(2n)/SO(n){\\times}SO(n)$ and $Sp(2n)/Sp(n){\\times}Sp(n)$ are shown to survive quantization, unspoiled by anomalies; these theories are therefore integrable at the quantum level. Local, higher-spin, conserved charges are also shown to survive quantization in the $SO(2n)/SO(n){\\times}SO(n)$ models.

J. M. Evans; D. Kagan; C. A. S. Young

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Chaotic Dynamics of N-degree of Freedom Hamiltonian Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the connection between local and global dynamics of two N-degree of freedom Hamiltonian systems with different origins describing one-dimensional nonlinear lattices: The Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) model and a discretized version of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation related to Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC). We study solutions starting in the vicinity of simple periodic orbits (SPOs) representing in-phase (IPM) and out-of-phase motion (OPM), which are known in closed form and whose linear stability can be analyzed exactly. Our results verify that as the energy E increases for fixed N, beyond the destabilization threshold of these orbits, all positive Lyapunov exponents exhibit a transition between two power laws, occurring at the same value of E. The destabilization energy E_c per particle goes to zero as N goes to infinity following a simple power-law. However, using SALI, a very efficient indicator we have recently introduced for distinguishing order from chaos, we find that the two Hamiltonians have very different dynamics near their stable SPOs: For example, in the case of the FPU system, as the energy increases for fixed N, the islands of stability around the OPM decrease in size, the orbit destabilizes through period-doubling bifurcation and its eigenvalues move steadily away from -1, while for the BEC model the OPM has islands around it which grow in size before it bifurcates through symmetry breaking, while its real eigenvalues return to +1 at very high energies. Still, when calculating Lyapunov spectra, we find for the OPMs of both Hamiltonians that the Lyapunov exponents decrease following an exponential law and yield extensive Kolmogorov--Sinai entropies per particle, in the thermodynamic limit of fixed energy density E/N with E and N arbitrarily large.

Chris Antonopoulos; Tassos Bountis; Charalampos Skokos

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

220

Shape control of manipulators with hyper degrees of freedom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a theoretical framework for controlling a manipulator with hyper degrees of freedom (HDOF) . An HDOF manipulator has the capability to achieve various kinds of tasks. To make full use of its capability, shape control is proposed here; that is, not only the tip of a manipulator, but also its whole body is controlled. To formulate control objectives for shape control, the authors define a shape correspondence between an HDOF manipulator and a spatial curve that prescribes a desired shape. The shape correspondence is defined by using solutions of a nonlinear optimization problem termed the shape-inverse problem. They give theorems on the existence of the solutions, and on an existence region that allows them to convert shape-control problems into more tractable ones. A shape-regulation control problem is considered first to bring an HDOF manipulator onto a given time-invariant curve. The idea of estimating the desired curve parameters is the crucial key to solving the problem by Lyapunov design. The derived shape-regulation law includes the estimator, which infers the desired curve parameters corresponding to the desired joint positions on the curve. The idea of the desired curve-parameter estimation is also effective for shape tracking where a time-varying curve is used for prescribing a moving desired shape. Considering an estimator with second-order dynamics enables the authors to find two shape-tracking control laws by utilizing conventional tracking methods in manipulator control. They show the simulation results of applying the derived shape-tracking control laws to a 20-DOF manipulator.

Mochiyama, Hiromi; Shimemura, Etsujiro [Japan Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology Hokuriku, Ishikawa (Japan). School of Information Science] [Japan Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology Hokuriku, Ishikawa (Japan). School of Information Science; Kobayashi, Hisato [Hosei Univ., Koganei, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Hosei Univ., Koganei, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Forecasting the S&P 500 index using time series analysis and simulation methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The S&P 500 represents a diverse pool of securities in addition to Large Caps. A range of audiences are interested in the S&P 500 forecasts including investors, speculators, economists, government and researchers. The ...

Chan, Eric Glenn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Nuclear engineering enrollments decreased 9 percent overall in 1994; undergraduate degrees increased, while master`s and doctoral degrees decreased. No. 30  

SciTech Connect

The survey of ``Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees, 1994`` was sent to 51 institutions offering a major in nuclear engineering. Results of the survey are given.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Domain analysis for estrogen receptor/Sp1-mediated transactivation and detection of estrogen receptor/Sp1 protein interactions in living cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estrogen Receptor ? (ER?)/Sp1 activation of GC-rich gene promoters in breast cancer cells is dependent, in part, on the activation function 1 (AF1) of ER?. This study investigates contributions of the DNA binding domain (C) and AF2 (DEF) regions of ER? on activation of ER?/Sp1. 17Beta-estradiol (E2) and the antiestrogens 4-hydroxytamoxifen and ICI 182,780 induced reporter gene activity in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells cotransfected with human or mouse ER? (hER? or MOR), but not ER? and GC-rich constructs containing three tandem Sp1 binding sites (pSp13) or other E2-responsive GC-rich promoters. Estrogen and antiestrogen activation of hER?/Sp1 was dependent on overlapping and different regions of the C, D, E, and F domains of ER?. Antiestrogen-induced activation of hER?/Sp1 was lost using hER? mutants deleted in zinc finger 1 (amino acids (aa) 185-205), zinc finger 2 (aa 218-245), and the hinge/helix 1 (aa 265-330) domains. In contrast with antiestrogens, E2-dependent activation of hER?/Sp1 required the C-terminal F domain (aa 579-595), which contains a ?-strand structural motif. Moreover, in peptide competition experiments overexpression of NR-box peptides inhibits E2-induced luciferase activity of pERE3, which contains three tandem repeats of consensus ERE sites, whereas E2-induced hER?/Sp1 action was not inhibited by NR-box peptide expression. In contrast, overexpression of a C-terminal (aa 575-595) F domain peptide specifically blocked E2-dependent activation of hER?/Sp1, but not on activation of pERE3, suggesting that F domain interactions with nuclear cofactors are specifically required for ER?/Sp1 action. Furthermore, direct physical interactions between hER? and Sp1 protein in vivo have been investigated by using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) microscopy and image analysis. Consistent with results from transient transfection assay, E2, 4OHT, and ICI enhanced hER?/Sp1 interactions in living cells and these interactions were also confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation. In addition, endogenous hER?/Sp1 action was evaluated by using si RNA for Sp1 and a significant decrease in ligand-induced hER?/Sp1 action was observed after decreased Sp1 expression.

Kim, KyoungHyun

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

ac and dc current-induced motion of a 360 degrees domain wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he response of 360° [360 degrees]domain walls in narrow magnetic stripes to applied dc and ac currents, investigated by micromagnetic simulation, differs qualitatively from the response of 180° [180 degrees] domain walls. ...

Mascaro, Mark D.

225

Research of sludge compost maturity degree modeling method based on wavelet neural network for sewage treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the complicated interaction of the sludge compost components, it makes the compost maturity degree judging system appear the nonlinearity and uncertainty. According to the physical circumstances of sludge compost, a compost maturity degree ...

Meijuan Gao; Jingwen Tian; Wei Jiang; Kai Li

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The estimation of base temperature for heating and cooling degree days for Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Korea, heating degree days (HDD) and cooling degree days (CDD) have been widely used as climatic indicators for the assessment of the impact of climate change, but arbitrary or customary base temperatures have been used for calculation of HDD ...

Kyoungmi Lee; Hee-Jeong Baek; ChunHo Cho

227

Brief 71 Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees, 2011 Summary (11-12  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2010 and August 31, 2011. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2011. The enrollment and degree data include students majoring in health physics or in an option program equivalent to a major. Twenty-four academic programs reported having health physics programs during 2011. The data for two health physics options within nuclear engineering programs are also included in the enrollments and degrees that are reported in the nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees data.

Dr. Don Johnson

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Table 1.9 Heating Degree-Days by Census Division  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Normala 2012 2013 Percent Change Normala 2012 2013 ... F would report 25 heating degree-days for that day ... • See ...

229

NSS5/SP-STM2 Joint International Conference  

SciTech Connect

The NSS5/SP-STM2 conference was held in Athens, Ohio July 15-19, 2008. The conference brought together a prestigious group of scientists from all over the globe to focus for 3 ½ days on a variety of nanoscience topics, particularly on nanoscale spectroscopy and spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. The conference was attended by many young scientists as well as senior scientists. Attendees to the conference were drawn from more than 10 countries and included 28 invited speakers, who are the leading scientists in their respective research areas. Included among the invited speakers were 4 plenary speakers - eminent scientists in their fields. The conference was divided into two parallel sessions – the NSS5 session and the SP-STM2 session.

Saw-Wai Hla

2009-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

230

Complete genome sequence of Paenibacillus sp. strain JDR-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paenibacillus sp. strain JDR-2, an aggressively xylanolytic bacterium isolated from sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) wood, is able to efficiently depolymerize, assimilate and metabolize 4-O-methylglucuronoxylan, the predominant structural component of hardwood hemicelluloses. A basis for this capability was first supported by the identification of genes and characterization of encoded enzymes and has been further defined by the sequencing and annotation of the complete genome, which we describe. In addition to genes implicated in the utilization of -1,4-xylan, genes have also been identified for the utilization of other hemicellulosic polysaccharides. The genome of Paenibacillus sp. JDR-2 contains 7,184,930 bp in a single replicon with 6,288 protein-coding and 122 RNA genes. Uniquely prominent are 874 genes encoding proteins involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism. The prevalence and organization of these genes support a metabolic potential for bioprocessing of hemicellulose fractions derived from lignocellulosic resources.

Chow, Virginia [University of Florida; Nong, Guang [University of Florida; St. John, Franz J. [US Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; Dickstein, Ellen [University of Florida; Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Brettin, Thomas S [ORNL; Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Martin, Joel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Jones, Jeffrey B. [University of Florida; Ingram, Lonnie O. [University of Florida; Shanmugam, Keelnathan T. [University of Florida; Preston, James F. [University of Florida

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Modeling of Sludge Compost Maturity Degree Based on Radial Basic Function Network for Sewage Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of the complicated interaction of the sludge compost components, it makes the compost maturity degree judging system appear the non-linearity and uncertainty. According to the physical circumstances of sludge compost, a compost maturity degree ... Keywords: Compost, Maturity degree, Radial basic function network, Modeling

Jingwen Tian; Meijuan Gao; Yanxia Liu; Shiru Zhou; Fan Zhang

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Enel Produzione SpA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Produzione SpA Produzione SpA Jump to: navigation, search Name Enel Produzione SpA Place Roma, Italy Zip 198 Sector Biomass, Geothermal energy, Hydro, Services, Wind energy Product Rome-based project developer of electric services and subsidiary of Enel S.p.A. Has interests in developing and operating geothermal, mini-hydro, wind, photovoltaic and biomass power generation in Italy. Coordinates 41.90311°, 12.49576° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.90311,"lon":12.49576,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

233

Oxidative pathway for the biodegradation of nitrobenzene by Comamonas sp. strain JS765  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that the biodegradation of nitrobenzene by Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes JS45 proceeds by the reduction of nitrobenzene through nitrosobenzene and hydroxylaminobenzene, followed by rearrangement to 2-aminophenol, which then undergoes meta ring cleavage. We report here the isolation of a Comamonas sp. that uses an oxidative pathway for the complete mineralization of nitrobenzene. The isolate, designated strain JS765, uses nitrobenzene as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy. Nitrobenzene-grown cells oxidized nitrobenzene, with the stoichiometric release of nitrite. Extracts of nitrobenzene-grown JS765 showed high levels of catechol 2,3-dioxygenase activity that were not abolished by heating the cell extracts to 60{degrees}C for 10 min. The ring cleavage product had an absorbance maximum at 375 nm, consistent with that of 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde. Both NAD-dependent dehydrogenase and NAD-indipendent hydrolase activities towards 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde were induced in extracts of nitrobenzene-grown cells. Catechol accumulated in the reaction mixture when cells preincubated with 3-chloracatechol were incubated with nitrobenzene. Conversion of nitrobenzene to catechol by induced cells in the presence of 3-chlorocatechol and {sup 13}O{sub 2} demonstrated the simultaneous incorporation of two atoms of oxygen, which indicated that the initial reaction was dioxygenation. Their results indicate that the catabolic pathway involves an initial dioxygenase attack on nitrobenzene with the release of nitrite and formation of catechol, which is subsequently degraded by a meta cleavage pathway. 37 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Nishino, S.F.; Spain, J.C. [Tyndall Air Force Base, FL (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above 10° C GIS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooling degree days above 10° C GIS cooling degree days above 10° C GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Cooling Degree Days above 10° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is above 10° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Cooling Degree Days Above 10 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180,

235

Climate: monthly and annual average heating degree days below 18° C GIS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heating degree days below 18° C GIS heating degree days below 18° C GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180,

236

Thermosyntropha lipolytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a lipolytic, anaerobic, alkalitolerant, thermophilic bacterium utilizing short- and long-chain fatty acids in syntrophic coculture with a methanogenic archaeum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three strains of an anaerobic thermophilic organoheterotrophic lipolytic alkalitolerant bacterium, Thermosyntropha lipolytica gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain JW/VS-264{sup T}; DSM 11003) were isolated from alkaline hot springs of Lake Bogoria (Kenya). The cells were nonmotile, non-spore forming, straight or slightly curved rods. At 60{degrees}C, the pH range for growth determined at 25{degrees}C [pH{sup 25{degrees}C}] was 7.15 to 9.5, with an optimum between 8.1 and 8.9 (pH{sup 60{degrees}C} of 7.6 and 8.1). At a pH{sup 25{degrees}C} of 8.5 temperature range for growth was from 52 to 70{degrees}C, with an optimum between 60 and 66{degrees}C. The shortest doubling time was around 1 h. In pure culture the bacterium grew in a mineral base medium supplemented with yeast extract, tryptone, Casamino Acids, betaine, and crotonate as carbon sources, producing acetate as a major product and constitutively a lipase. During growth in the presence of olive oil, free long-chain fatty acids were accumulated in the medium but the pure culture syntrophic coculture (Methanobacterium strain JW/VS-M29) the lipolytic bacteria grew on triacylglycerols and linear saturated and unsaturated fatty acids with 4 to 18 carbon atoms, but glycerol was not utilized. Fatty acids with even numbers of carbon atoms were degraded to acetate and methane, while from odd-numbered fatty acids 1 mol of propionate per mol of fatty acid was additionally formed. 16S rDNA sequence analysis identified Syntrophospora and Syntrophomonas spp. as closest phylogenetic neighbors.

Svetlitshnyi, V.; Wiegel, J. [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States); Rainey, F. [German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Braunschweig (Germany)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

cooling degree-days - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alternative Fuels. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Cooling degree-days. There are no record(s) that match your search criteria.

238

The solubility of hydrogen in plutonium in the temperature range 475 to 825 degrees centigrade  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The solubility of hydrogen (H) in plutonium metal (Pu) was measured in the temperature range of 475 to 825{degree}C for unalloyed Pu (UA) and in the temperature range of 475 to 625{degree}C for Pu containing two-weight-percent gallium (TWP). For TWP metal, in the temperature range 475 to 600{degree}C, the saturated solution has a maximum hydrogen to plutonium ration (H/Pu) of 0.00998 and the standard enthalpy of formation ({Delta}H{degree}{sub f(s)}) is (-0.128 {plus minus} 0.0123) kcal/mol. The phase boundary of the solid solution in equilibrium with plutonium dihydride (PuH{sub 2}) is temperature independent. In the temperature range 475 to 625{degree}C, UA metal has a maximum solubility at H/Pu = 0.011. The phase boundary between the solid solution region and the metal+PuH{sub 2} two-phase region is temperature dependent. The solubility of hydrogen in UA metal was also measured in the temperature range 650 to 825{degree}C with {Delta}H{degree}{sub f(s)} = (-0.104 {plus minus} 0.0143) kcal/mol and {Delta}S{degree}{sub f(s)} = 0. The phase boundary is temperature dependent and the maximum hydrogen solubility has H/Pu = 0.0674 at 825{degree}C. 52 refs., 28 figs., 9 tabs.

Allen, T.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Department of Energy manpower assessment brief Number 46: Nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees  

SciTech Connect

Based on a survey of 42 institutions, nuclear engineering enrollments and degrees decreased overall in 1999, continuing a steady decline of several years.

2000-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

240

Feedback improves the generalized degrees of freedom of the strong interference channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wireless net- works within o(log(snr)) - the impact of relays, feedback, co- operation andoperation on the generalized degrees of freedom of interference and other wireless

Cadambe, Viveck R; Jafar, Syed A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NIST SP260-167 (DVD) 2010 Edition: A Method for the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST SP260-167 (DVD) 2010 Edition: A Method for the Preparation Traceable Fossil Fuel Standards with Concentrations Intermediate to SRM ...

242

On the stability of sp-valent materials at high pressure.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The behavior of sp-valent solids and liquids under compression is a field of intense re- search. At high pressure, they often undergo phase transitions to… (more)

Boates, Brian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

S&P sees no rating impact from Nippon Oil's projected net loss ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Free Online Library: S&P sees no rating impact from Nippon Oil's projected net loss. by "Japan Weekly Monitor"; Business Business, international

244

Hybrid Two-Dimensional Electronic Systems and Other Applications of sp-2 Bonded Light Elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the storage of energy using technologies such as hydrogen,Energy Applications of sp-2 Bonded Materials 5 Hydrogen Storagea hydrogen storage systems’ total gravimetric energy density

Kessler, Brian Maxwell

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Changes related to "Energia Servizi Engineering SpA E S Engineering...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:RecentChangesLinkedEnergiaServiziEngineeringSpAESEngineering" Atom Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer services...

246

Pages that link to "Energia Servizi Engineering SpA E S Engineering...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from "http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:WhatLinksHereEnergiaServiziEngineeringSpAESEngineering" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer services OpenEI...

247

SP10: Gas-Sensing Properties of Metal Oxides and Nanostructured ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initial results indicate that the sensitivity of aerogel sensors is dependent upon the ... SP11: BSCF Colloid for Dip Coating Low Temperature Fuel Cell Cathodes.

248

SP-100 operational life model. Fiscal Year 1990 annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report covers the initial year`s effort in the development of an Operational Life Model (OLM) for the SP-100 Space Reactor Power System. The initial step undertaken in developing the OLM was to review all available documentation from GE on their plans for the OLM and on the degradation and failure mechanisms envisioned for the SP-100. In addition, the DEGRA code developed at JPL, which modelled the degradation of the General Purpose Heat Source based Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (GPHS-RTG), was reviewed. Based on the review of the degradation and failure mechanisms, a list of the most pertinent degradation effects along with their key degradation mechanisms was compiled. This was done as a way of separating the mechanisms from the effects and allowing all of the effects to be incorporated into the OLM. The emphasis was on parameters which will tend to change performance as a function of time and not on those that are simply failures without any prior degradation.

Ewell, R.; Awaya, H.

1990-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Pre-medical Studies Division of Biomedical and Life Sciences Degree Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pre-medical Studies A900 Division of Biomedical and Life Sciences Degree Schemes Our Pre-medical Studies course provides an opportunity for entry into medical education for individuals with non to enter year 1 of the Liverpool University MBChB medical degree studying at Lancaster or Liverpool

Meju, Max

250

Cleaning random d-regular graphs with brushes using a degree-greedy algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recently introduced model for cleaning a graph with brushes, we use a degree-greedy algorithm to clean a random d-regular graph on n vertices (with dn even). We then use a differential equations method to find the (asymptotic) ... Keywords: cleaning process, degree--greedy algorithm, differential equations method, random d-regular graphs

Margaret-Ellen Messinger; Pawe? Pra?at; Richard J. Nowakowski; Nicholas Wormald

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! Unleash your creativity...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! Unleash your creativity... Spend a semester at Indonesia's premiere institution for visual and performing arts... StudytheArtsinIndonesia Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! ACICIS #12;w w w . a c i c i s . m u r d o c h . e d u . a u

252

Directional Stress Indices and Stress Intensification Factors for 90 Degree Elbows (PWRMRP-06)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides equations, based on analyses and test data, for determining the directional stress indices and stress intensification factors (SIFs) for 90 degree elbows. Present methodologies used to determine these parameters are generally overly conservative. The report contains results of an investigation into the stress intensification factors and directional stress indices of 90 degree elbows.

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

253

Evaluation of solar gain through skylights for inclusion in the SP53 residential building loads data base  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The energy performance of skylights is similar to that of windows in admitting solar heat gain, while at the same time providing a pathway for convective and conductive heat transfer through the building envelope. Since skylights are typically installed at angles ranging from 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}, and differ from windows in both their construction and operation, their conductive and convective heat gains or losses, as well as solar heat gain, will differ for the same rough opening and thermal characteristics. The objective of this work is to quantify the impact of solar gain through skylights on building heating and cooling loads in 45 climates, and to develop a method for including these data into the SP53 residential loads data base previously developed by LBL in support of DOE`s Automated Residential Energy Standard (ARES) program. The authors used the DOE-2.1C program to simulate the heating and cooling loads of a prototypical residential building while varying the size and solar characteristics of skylights and windows. The results are presented as Skylight Solar Loads, which are the contribution of solar gains through skylights to the overall building heating and cooling loads, and as Skylight Solar Load Ratios, which are the ratios of skylight solar loads to those for windows with the same orientation. The study shows that skylight solar loads are larger than those for windows in both heating and cooling. Skylight solar cooling loads are from three to four times greater than those for windows regardless of the skylight tilt, except for those facing north. These cooling loads are largest for south-facing skylights at a tilt angle of approximately 20{degrees}, and drop off at higher tilts and other orientations.

Hanford, J.W.; Huang, Y.J.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

SP-2012-4012 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Communications History Program Office Washington, DC #12;ii #12;Library of Congress Cataloging of high-school age. Ms. Rumerman has degrees from the University of Michigan and George Washington most productive decade ever. The Agency resumed human spaceflight after the 1986 Challenger accident

255

Removal of Ammonia and Production of Biodiesel by Chlorella sp. USTB-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The release of ammonia from the industry of rare earth leads to harmful cyan bacterial bloom and consumption of non-renewable oil resources cause the energy crisis. Using an isolated strain of Chlorella sp. USTB-01, which can grow both autotrophically ... Keywords: Chlorella sp. USTB-01 01, rare-earth wastewater, ammonia nitrogen, combined photobioreactor, biodiesel

Yan Hai; Jia Xuan; He Huanju; Zhou Feng; Li Huimei; Xu Qianqian; Wang Haiou; Zhang Xinxin

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Preliminary Evaluation of a Newly Isolated Microalga Scenedesmus sp. CHX1 for Treating Landfill Leachate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of landfill leach ate treatment using micro algae. The growth and nutrients removal efficiency of a newly isolated micro alga Scenedesmus sp. CHX1 were monitored when the strain grew in landfill leach ate at ... Keywords: Scenedesmus sp. CHX1, Growth, Landfill leachate, Nutrients removal

Hai-Xiang Cheng, Guang-Ming Tian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

VEMBU STOREGRID SP3.1 SETUP (WINDOWS) 04/22/2010 Page 1 of 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEMBU STOREGRID SP3.1 SETUP (WINDOWS) 04/22/2010 Page 1 of 23 Title Vembu StoreGrid SP 3.1 set up guide for Windows PCs. Vembu StoreGrid is the Viterbi IT adapted solution for Online Remote Backup for your Windows operating system at http

Wang, Hai

258

Power plant system assessment. Final report. SP-100 Program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this assessment was to provide system-level insights into 100-kWe-class space reactor electric systems. Using these insights, Rockwell was to select and perform conceptual design studies on a ''most attractive'' system that met the preliminary design goals and requirements of the SP-100 Program. About 4 of the 6 months were used in the selection process. The remaining 2 months were used for the system conceptual design studies. Rockwell completed these studies at the end of FY 1983. This report summarizes the results of the power plant system assessment and describes our choice for the most attractive system - the Rockwell SR-100G System (Space Reactor, 100 kWe, Growth) - a lithium-cooled UN-fueled fast reactor/Brayton turboelectric converter system.

Anderson, R.V.; Atkins, D.F.; Bost, D.S.; Berman, B.; Clinger, D.A.; Determan, W.R.; Drucker, G.S.; Glasgow, L.E.; Hartung, J.A.; Harty, R.B.

1983-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Application of the SP technique over Lagadas low enthalpy geothermal field, Greece  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that in order to verify the applicability of the SP gradient method as a tool for geothermal exploration, Lagadas low enthalpy geothermal field was used as a test site. A total of 63 lines km was surveyed using SP gradient method along 10 profiles covering the main geothermal field area. The complied SP map correlates in a satisfactory was with other geological and geophysical information available. Detected SP anomalies were inverted to causative polarized planes and their relationship with existing deep fractures in the basement is investigated. As a result, two main fracture zones were detected, which were electrically polarized, and coincide with already known similar tectonic features identified by other geological and geophysical methods. Circulation of hot water in deep permeable fracture zones is considered to be the originating mechanism of the observed SP anomalies.

Thanassoulas, C.; Lazou, A. (Inst. of Geology and Mineral Exploration, Dept. of Geophysical Research, 57 Messoghion Avenue, Athens 115-26 (GR))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Automorphisms of the truth-table degrees are fixed on some cone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let Dtt denote the set of truth-table degrees. A bijection p from Dtt to Dtt is an automorphism if for all truth-table degrees x and y we have x =tt b we have p(x) = x. We first prove that for every 2-generic real X we have X' is not tt below X + 0'. We next prove that for every real X >=tt 0' there is a real Y such that Y + 0' =tt Y' =tt X. Finally, we use this to demonstrate that every automorphism of the truth-table degrees is fixed on some cone.

Anderson, Bernard A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The explicit representation for the angular flux solution in the simplified P{sub N} (SP{sub N}) theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current SP{sub n} theory formulation, via either the asymptotic method or the variational method, does not provide an explicit and calculable representation for the corresponding angular flux solution. It is therefore not possible to reconstruct from the SP{sub n} solution the corresponding angular flux solution, or to extract from a reference transport solution the corresponding SP{sub n} solution. This makes it impossible to calculate the necessary surface discontinuity factors to force consistency between the SP{sub n} solution and the higher level transport solution. Without discontinuity factors, the superiority of SP{sub n} over diffusion could be significantly degraded in practical applications. In this paper we present a different SP{sub n} formulation that provides the explicit angular flux solution such that the physical picture for the SP{sub n} approximation is transparent and the SP{sub n} discontinuity factors can be calculated. (authors)

Chao, Y. A. [Apartment 101, Building 2, 788 Hong Xu Road, Shanghai 201103 (China); Yamamoto, A. [Nagoya Univ., Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Using Boosting for Financial Analysis and Performance Prediction: Application to S&P 500 Companies, Latin American ADRs and Banks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application to S&P 500 Companies, Latin American ADRs andon one sample each of S&P 500 companies, American DepositoryADRs) of Latin American companies and Latin American banks.

Creamer, Germán; Freund, Yoav

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Pore-width-dependent preferential interaction of sp2carbon atoms in cyclohexene with graphitic slit pores by GCMC simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adsorption of cyclohexene with two sp2 and four sp3 carbon atoms in graphitic slit pores was studied by performing grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation. The molecular arrangement of the cyclohexene on the graphitic carbon ...

Natsuko Kojima; Tomonori Ohba; Yasuhiko Urabe; Hirofumi Kanoh; Katsumi Kaneko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Joint Professional/Graduate Degree Program FORM: The faculties of the College of _____ and the College/School/Department of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Professional/Graduate Degree Program FORM: The faculties of the College of _____ and the College/School/Department of ___________ have approved a joint degree program culminating in both/Specialist/Engineer/Master of _____ degree, awarded by the College/School/Department of ______. Under the joint degree program, a student can

Roy, Subrata

265

The Complexity of Approximating Bounded-Degree Boolean #CSP (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree of a CSP instance is the maximum number of times that a variable may appear in the scope of constraints. We consider the approximate counting problem for Boolean CSPs with bounded-degree instances, for constraint languages containing the two unary constant relations {0} and {1}. When the maximum degree is at least 25 we obtain a complete classification of the complexity of this problem. It is exactly solvable in polynomial-time if every relation in the constraint language is affine. It is equivalent to the problem of approximately counting independent sets in bipartite graphs if every relation can be expressed as conjunctions of {0}, {1} and binary implication. Otherwise, there is no FPRAS unless NP=RP. For lower degree bounds, additional cases arise in which the complexity is related to the complexity of approximately counting independent sets in hypergraphs.

Dyer, Martin E; Jalsenius, Markus; Richerby, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Effective real-world project collaboration: Strategies from a cyber security degree program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The undergraduate degree of computer and cyber security has been offered at the School of Information Technology, Phetchaburi Rajabhat University, Thailand since 2005. Our program requires direct field experience when students are taking upper-level ...

Wajee Chookittikul; Peter E. Maher

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Wind: monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):   Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m...

268

Table 1.10 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, 1949-2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 1.10 Cooling Degree-Days by Census Division, 1949-2011: Year: New England: Middle Atlantic: East North Central: West North Central: South Atlantic: East South

269

SoundStrand : a tangible interface for composing music with limited degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents SoundStrand, a novel tangible interface for composing music. A new paradigm is also presented - one that allows for music composition with limited degrees of freedom, and therefore is well suited for ...

Shahar, Eyal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Transient stability enhancement of electric power generating systems by 120-degree phase rotation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for enhancing the transient stability of an intertied three-phase electric power generating system. A set of power exporting generators (10) is connected to a set of power importing generators (20). When a transient cannot be controlled by conventional stability controls, and imminent loss of synchronism is detected (such as when the equivalent rotor angle difference between the two generator sets exceeds a predetermined value, such as 150 degrees), the intertie is disconnected by circuit breakers. Then a switch (30) having a 120-degree phase rotation, or a circuit breaker having a 120-degree phase rotation is placed in the intertie. The intertie is then reconnected. This results in a 120-degree reduction in the equivalent rotor angle difference between the two generator sets, making the system more stable and allowing more time for the conventional controls to stabilize the transient.

Cresap, Richard L. (Portland, OR); Taylor, Carson W. (Portland, OR); Kreipe, Michael J. (Portland, OR)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The BoPen : a tangible pointer tracked in six degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I designed and implemented an optical system for freehand interactions in six degrees of freedom. A single camera captures a pen's location and orientation, including roll, tilt, x, y, and z by reading ...

Taub, Daniel Matthew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The Effective Number of Spatial Degrees of Freedom of a Time-Varying Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors systematically investigate two easily computed measures of the effective number of spatial degrees of freedom (ESDOF), or number of independently varying spatial patterns, of a time-varying field of data. The first measure is based on ...

Christopher S. Bretherton; Martin Widmann; Valentin P. Dymnikov; John M. Wallace; Ileana Bladé

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES What can I do with this degree?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

services agencies Federal, state and local government particularly Departments of Welfare and Health Degree? Page 3 AREAS EMPLOYERS STRATEGIES GOVERNMENT Federal, state and local government agencies agencies Summer camp programs Adult and child daycare providers Programs servicing children and adults

Escher, Christine

274

Stability ofBifurcatingSolutionsbyLeray-SchauderDegree D. H. SATTINGER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems in nuclear reactor design, etc. For the purposes of this paper the principle of linearized at hand. There is, in addition, a natural motivation for using degree theory which is explained in w4

Zakharov, Vladimir

275

Brief 68.1 Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2010 Data  

SciTech Connect

The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2009 and August 31, 2010, and fall 2010 enrollments. Thirty-two academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2010, and data was obtained from all thirty-two.

Dr. Don Johnson, Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Resonant Third-Degree Diurnal Tides in the Seas off Western Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Third-degree diurnal tides are estimated from long time series of sea level measurements at three North Atlantic tide gauges. Although their amplitudes are only a few millimeters or less, their admittances are far larger than those of second-...

Richard D. Ray

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Bhagawati. 2003. Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (1980-1994). NDP-081. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S....

278

Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (1980-1994) (NDP-081) DOI: 10.3334CDIAClue.ndp081 PDF PDF Contributors James W. Raich 1,...

279

Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Bhagawati. 2003. Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (1980-1994). ORNLCDIAC-144, NDP-081. Available on-line http:...

280

Recent and Future Trends in U.S. Undergraduate Meteorology Enrollments, Degree Recipients, and Employment Opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using data derived from the American Meteorological Society–University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Curricula and U.S. Department of Education statistics, it is found that the number of meteorology bachelor's degree recipients in the ...

John A. Knox

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A complete minimal system of covariants for the binary form of degree 7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A minimal system of 147 homogeneous generators of the algebra of covariants for the binary form of degree 7 is calculated. Keywords: Classical invariant theory, Covariants of binary form, Derivations

Leonid Bedratyuk

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

PTAS for maximum weight independent set problem with random weights in bounded degree graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finding the largest independent set in a graph is a notoriously difficult NP-complete combinatorial optimization problem. Moreover, even for graphs with largest degree 3, no polynomial time approximation algorithm exists ...

Gamarnik, David

283

Degree of compression and energy efficiency of a capillary compressor of femtosecond laser pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A relation between the degree of pulse compression and energy efficiency is derived for femtosecond laser pulse compressors that utilise spectral broadening of pulses in a gas-filled capillary. We show that the degree of compression has a maximum at an energy efficiency from 15% to 30%. A 15-fold compression of a 290-fs pulse with an energy efficiency of 24% is demonstrated.

Konyashchenko, Aleksandr V; Kostryukov, P V; Losev, Leonid L; Tenyakov, S Yu

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

284

On Algebraic Solutions of Polynomial Equations of Degree n in one Variable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We will show that the roots of a polynomial equation in one variable of degree n are related to the solutions of a symmetric quadratic form in n-1 variables with constant positive integer coefficients. The classic polynomial notation will be rewritten to define a characteristic discriminant of a polynomial of degree n. A new set of characteristic roots allows expressing the characteristic discriminant as the result of a symmetric quadratic form.

Gerry Martens

2006-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

285

hydrometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Reference hydrometers accepted for calibration include specific gravity, proof spirit for alcohol solutions, API degrees for petroleum measurements ...

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Alternate electrode materials for the SP100 reactor. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This work was performed in response to a request by the Astro-Space Division of the General Electric Co. to develop alternate electrodes materials for the electrodes of the PD2 modules to be used in the SP100 thermoelectric power conversion system. Initially, the project consisted of four tasks: (1) development of a ZrB{sub 2} (C) CVD coating on SiMo substrates, (2) development of a ZrB{sub 2} (C) CVD coating on SiGe substrates, (3) development of CVI W for porous graphite electrodes, and (4) technology transfer of pertinent developed processes. The project evolved initially into developing only ZrB{sub 2} coatings on SiGe and graphite substrates, and later into developing ZrB{sub 2} coatings only on graphite substrates. Several sizes of graphite and pyrolytic carbon-coated graphite substrates were coated with ZrB{sub 2} during the project. For budgetary reasons, the project was terminated after half the allotted time had passed. Apart from the production of coated specimens for evaluation, the major accomplishment of the project was the development of the CVD processing to produce the desired coatings.

Randich, E.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cooling Degree Days, by State (Weighted by Population, per 2000 Census) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooling Degree Days, by State (Weighted by Population, per 2000 Census) Cooling Degree Days, by State (Weighted by Population, per 2000 Census) Dataset Summary Description The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Services (NESDIS), in conjunction with the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) publish monthly and annual climate data by state for the U.S., including, cooling degree days (total number of days per month and per year). The average values for each state are weighted by population, using 2000 Census data. The base temperature for this dataset is 65 degrees F. Included here are monthly and annual values averaged over several periods of time: 1931-2000, 1931-60, 1941-70, 1951-80, 1961-90, 1971-2000 (standard deviation is also provided). Detailed monthly climatic information (including cooling degree days) is available for the time period between 1895 and 2011, from NOAA (http://www7.ncdc.noaa.gov/CDO/CDODivisionalSelect.jsp#).

288

Trade-off between computation time and Hamiltonian degree in adiabatic graph-state quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement-based quantum computation (MBQC) and adiabatic quantum computation (AQC) are two very different computational methods. While in MBQC computation is driven by adaptive measurements on a large entangled state, in AQC it is the adiabatic transition to a ground state holding the solution to the problem which results in computation. In this paper we combine MBQC on graph states with AQC and investigate how properties, such as computational depth, energy gap and Hamiltonian degree, translate into each other. Following an approach proposed by Bacon and Flammia, we show that any measurement-based quantum computation on a graph state with gflow can be converted into an adiabatic computation, which we call adiabatic graph-state quantum computation (AGQC). We then identify how a trade-off can be made between computational depth and Hamiltonian degree, and clarify the effects of out-of-order measurements in the adiabatic computation. In the extreme case, we present a translation to AGQC where all computations can be carried out in constant time, at the expense of having high degree starting Hamiltonian. This leads to a natural conjecture for a lower bound on the cost of simulating large degree operators using smaller degree operators.

Bobby Antonio; Damian Markham; Janet Anders

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

Composite bearing and seal materials for advanced heat engine applications to 900 degree C  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plasma sprayed composite coatings of metal-bonded chromium carbide with additions of silver and thermochemically stable fluorides were previously reported to be lubricative in pin on disk bench tests from room temperature to 900{degree}C. An early coating formulation of this type, designated as PS200, was successfully tested as a cylinder coating in a Stirling engine at a TRRT of 760{degree}C (1450{degree}F) in a hydrogen atmosphere, and as a backup lubricant for gas bearings to 650{degree}C (1250{degree}F). A subsequent optimization program as shown that tribological properties are further improved by increasing the solid lubricant content. The improved coating is designated as PS212. The same powder formulation has been used to make free-standing powder metallurgy (PM212) parts by sintering or hot isostatic pressing. The process is very attractive for making parts that cannot be readily plasma sprayed such as bushings and cylinders that have small bore diameters and/or high length to diameter ratios. The properties of coatings and free-standing parts fabricated from these powders are reviewed. 6 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

Sliney, H.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Optimizing Energy Management Strategy and Degree of Hybridization for a Hydrogen Fuel Cell SUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work examined degree of hybridization on the fuel economy of a hybrid electric sport utility vehicle. It was observed that not only was the vehicle control strategy important, but that its definition should be coupled with the component sizing process. Both degree of hybridization and the energy management strategy have been optimized simultaneously in this study. Simple mass scaling algorithms were employed to capture the effect of component and vehicle mass variations as a function of degree of hybridization. Additionally, the benefits of regenerative braking and power buffering have been maximized using optimization methods to determine appropriate battery pack sizing. Both local and global optimization routines were applied to improve the confidence in the solution being close to the true optimum. An optimal configuration and energy management strategy that maximizes the benefit of hybridization for a hydrogen fuel cell hybrid SUV was derived. The optimal configuration was explored, and sensitivity to drive cycle in the optimization process was studied.

Keith Wipke Tony; Tony Markel; Doug Nelson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Recently, S&P 500 Index and WTI crude oil futures price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past few weeks (July 1 through August 19), the movement of oil prices has closely mirrored that of the Standard and Poors (S&P) 500 Index.

292

Nocardioides basaltis sp. nov., isolated from black Kyoung-Ho Kim,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tidal flat Saline lake (Antarctica) Groundwater Oil shale Soil Soil *Different results were reported pyridinolyticus sp. nov., a pyridine-degrading bacterium isolated from the oxic zone of an oil shale column. Int J

Bae, Jin-Woo

293

Conformal windows of Sp(2N) and SO(N) gauge theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the nonperturbative dynamics of nonsupersymmetric asymptotically free gauge theories with fermionic matter in distinct representations of the SO(N) and Sp(2N) gauge groups. We use different analytic methods to unveil the associated conformal windows for the relevant matter representations. We propose a direct test for confronting and establishing the validity of the analytic methods used to constrain the conformal windows. By comparing the resulting windows for SU, Sp, and SO a pleasing universal picture emerges.

Sannino, Francesco [University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Pressure capacity of MSS SP-75 fittings. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to provide guidance for evaluation of as-received fittings. That guidance is given in the form of equations to estimate the burst strength of fittings. In addition, because pipelines are designed on the basis of the yield stress or pressure, concepts are presented that allow the estimation of the yield pressure of fittings. The fitting types that are considered herein are elbows, tees, caps, and reducers that are covered in Manufacturers Standardization Society Standard Practice 75 (MSS SP-75), Specification for High Test Wrought Butt Welding Fittings, 1993 Edition. The estimation of the burst pressure of fittings is relatively straightforward as a number of burst tests have been conducted on fittings. These experimental results have been used to develop the burst test relationships that are presented. The determination of the yield pressure for a fitting is difficult as yield pressure has not been defined. Typically, yield stress is defined by a given total strain level or an offset strain in a tensile test. In these specimens, the stress through the wall thickness is uniform, which makes the yield criterion easy to apply. When yielding is uniform through the thickness, it is commonly called local membrane yielding. In a fitting, the stress state in the fitting involves uniform stress through the wall thickness or membrane stress and also bending stresses. As a fitting is pressurized, the local stress state is the sum of a membrane stress and a local bending stress. The definition of yield pressure could be defined by the sum of the membrane stress and local bending stress reaching a given strain level. This would result in extremely thick fittings as bending stresses usually exceed the membrane stresses by several orders of magnitude. It is highly likely that because of this complication in defining a yield pressure for a fitting that fittings are required to match the burst strength of the attached pipe.

Rodabaugh, E.C.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Manpower Assessment Brief {number_sign}42: Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Decreased at all Levels in 1997  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings from a 1997 enrollment and degree survey sent to 46 institutions offering a major in nuclear engineering or an option program received their degrees within the nuclear engineering major programs.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Work integrated learning rationale and practices in Australian information and communications technology degrees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To obtain a better understanding of WIL rationale and practices in Australian ICT degrees, a survey of managers and educational leaders of ICT was undertaken. These survey results were analysed and informed by discussions at a forum of ICT educational ... Keywords: academia, industry, professional practice, student experience, work integrated learning

Chris J Pilgrim, Tony Koppi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Photo of the Week: What You Needed to Contain 100 Million Degree Plasma for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: What You Needed to Contain 100 Million Degree Photo of the Week: What You Needed to Contain 100 Million Degree Plasma for 100 Millionths of a Second... in 1974 Photo of the Week: What You Needed to Contain 100 Million Degree Plasma for 100 Millionths of a Second... in 1974 April 22, 2013 - 4:59pm Addthis In the early years of magnetic fusion, there was talk among scientists of controlling nuclear energy to create useful power. To do this, scientists heated plasma to temperatures as high as 100 million degrees Celsius -- ten times hotter than the center of the sun. Controlling such high levels of energy required the construction of large machines that could withstand these extremely high energy levels. In this 1974 photo, laboratory scientists are shown working on Scyllac, one of the largest machines used for magnetic fusion experiments, located at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Scyllac filled a 100-by-100-foot building from wall to wall, and used 12 miles of one-inch cables and 3,000 capacitors to contain hot plasma the size of a small garden hose for just 100 millionths of a second. Learn more about early magnetic fusion experiments at LANL. | Photo courtesy of Los Alamos National Laboratory.

298

Heating Degree Days, by State (Weighted by Population, per 2000 Census) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

66 66 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278566 Varnish cache server Heating Degree Days, by State (Weighted by Population, per 2000 Census) Dataset Summary Description The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Services (NESDIS), in conjunction with the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) publish monthly and annual climate data by state for the U.S., including, heating degree days (total number of days per month and per year). The average values for each state are weighted by population, using 2000 Census data. The base temperature for this dataset is 65 degrees F. Included here are monthly and annual values averaged over several periods of time: 1931-2000, 1931-60, 1941-70, 1951-80, 1961-90, 1971-2000 (standard deviation is also provided). Detailed monthly climatic information (including heating degree days) is available for the time period between 1895 and 2011, from NOAA (http://www7.ncdc.noaa.gov/CDO/CDODivisionalSelect.jsp#).

299

The CompuTer SCienCe program The bachelor of science degree in computer science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CompuTer SCienCe program The bachelor of science degree in computer science offered in the fundamentals of computer science, elements of practical application and an appreciation for liberal learning to work within various areas of computer science and to work across other disciplines. program edu

Suzuki, Masatsugu

300

Study in Indonesia... and gain credit towards your degree! JournalismProfessionalPracticum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study in Indonesia... and gain credit towards your degree! JournalismProfessionalPracticum inIndonesia will deep- en their understanding of Indonesia whilst developing their journalism skills within will be a high-calibre journalist who has experience with different elements of the media in both Indonesia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! InternationalRelationsinIndonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! InternationalRelationsinIndonesia, Europe and the United States as well as Indonesia, are highly qualified and ex- perienced as both the Australia Indonesia Institute, the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, the Myer

302

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! DevelopmentStudiesImmersionProgram ACICIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study in Indonesia and gain credit towards your degree! DevelopmentStudiesImmersionProgram ACICIS an internship in Indonesia! © Photograph by James Walsh #12;w w w . a c i c i s . m u r d o c h . e d u . a u development issues in Indonesia while also gaining im- portant practical skills related to advocacy

303

The greedy algorithm for domination in graphs of maximum degree 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that for a connected graph with n nodes and e edges and maximum degree at most 3, the size of the dominating set found by the greedy algorithm is at most 10n - 2e/13 if e ? 11/10n, 11n - ... Keywords: algorithms, dominating set, maximum size

Suzanne M. Seager

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Absence of Zeros for the Chromatic Polynomial on Bounded Degree Graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, I give a short proof of a recent result by Sokal, showing that all zeros of the chromatic polynomial $P_G(q)$ of a finite graph $G$ of maximal degree $D$ lie in the disk $|q|< K D$, where $K$ is a constant that is strictly smaller than ...

Christian Borgs

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

The Curriculum Planning Process for Undergraduate Game Degree Programs in the United Kingdom and United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital games are marketed, mass-produced, and consumed by an increasing number of people and the game industry is only expected to grow. In response, postsecondary institutions in the UK and the U.S. have started to create game degree programs. Though ... Keywords: Education, curriculum, game, instruction

Monica M. McGill

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Steady-State Operational Degrees of Freedom with Application to Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Steady-State Operational Degrees of Freedom with Application to Refrigeration Cycles Jørgen Bauck Jensen and Sigurd Skogestad* Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian Uni of the circulating refrigerant are also discussed. Two liquified natural gas (LNG) processes of current interest

Skogestad, Sigurd

307

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A 1990 GLOBAL INVENTORY FOR SO(X) AND NO(X) ON A 1(DEGREE) X 1(DEGREE) LATITUDE-LONGITUDE GRID.  

SciTech Connect

Sulfur and nitrogen oxides emitted to the atmosphere have been linked to the acidification of water bodies and soils and perturbations in the earth's radiation balance. In order to model the global transport and transformation of SO{sub x} and NO{sub x}, detailed spatial and temporal emission inventories are required. Benkovitz et al. (1996) published the development of an inventory of 1985 global emissions of SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} from anthropogenic sources. The inventory was gridded to a 1{degree} x 1{degree} latitude-longitude grid and has served as input to several global modeling studies. There is now a need to provide modelers with an update of this inventory to a more recent year, with a split of the emissions into elevated and low level sources. This paper describes the development of a 1990 update of the SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} global inventories that also includes a breakdown of sources into 17 sector groups. The inventory development starts with a gridded global default EDGAR inventory (Olivier et al, 1996). In countries where more detailed national inventories are available, these are used to replace the emissions for those countries in the global default. The gridded emissions are distributed into two height levels (0-100m and >100m) based on the final plume heights that are estimated to be typical for the various sectors considered. The sources of data as well as some of the methodologies employed to compile and develop the 1990 global inventory for SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} are discussed. The results reported should be considered to be interim since the work is still in progress and additional data sets are expected to become available.

VAN HEYST,B.J.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Rattlesnake Mountain Observator (46.4{degrees}N, 119.6{degrees}W) multispectral optical depth measurements, 1979--1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Surface measurements of solar irradiance of the atmosphere were made by a multipurpose computer-controlled scanning photometer at the Rattlesnake Mountain Observatory. The observatory is located at 46.4{degrees}N, 119.6{degrees}W at an elevation of 1088 m above mean sea level. The photometer measures the attenuation of direct solar radiation for different wavelengths using 12 filters. Five of these filters (ie., at 428 nm, 486 nm, 535 nm, 785 nm, and 1010 nm, with respective half-power widths of 2, 2, 3, 18, and 28 nm) are suitable for monitoring variations in the total optical depth of the atmosphere. Total optical depths for the five wavelength bands were derived from solar irradiance measurements taken at the observatory from August 5, 1979, to September 2, 1994; these total optical depth data are distributed with this numeric data package (NDP). To determine the contribution of atmospheric aerosols to the total optical depths, the effects of Rayleigh scattering and ozone absorption were subtracted (other molecular scattering was minimal for the five filters) to obtain total column aerosol optical depths. The total aerosol optical depths were further decomposed into tropospheric and stratospheric components by calculating a robustly smoothed mean background optical depth (tropospheric component) for each wavelength using data obtained during periods of low stratospheric aerosol loading. By subtracting the smoothed background tropospheric aerosol optical depths from the total aerosol optical depths, residual aerosol optical depths were obtained. These residuals are good estimates of the stratospheric aerosol optical depth at each wavelength and may be used to monitor the long-term effects of volcanic eruptions on the atmosphere. These data are available as an NDP from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), and the NDP consists of this document and a set of computerized data files.

Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [ed.

1995-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

309

Optimal Constant-Time Approximation Algorithms and (Unconditional) Inapproximability Results for Every Bounded-Degree CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Raghavendra (STOC 2008) gave an elegant and surprising result: if Khot's Unique Games Conjecture (STOC 2002) is true, then for every constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), the best approximation ratio is attained by a certain simple semidefinite programming and a rounding scheme for it. In this paper, we show that a similar result holds for constant-time approximation algorithms in the bounded-degree model. Specifically, we present the followings: (i) For every CSP, we construct an oracle that serves an access, in constant time, to a nearly optimal solution of a basic LP relaxation of the CSP. (ii) Using the oracle, we present a constant-time rounding scheme that achieves an approximation ratio coincident with the integrality gap of the basic LP. (iii) We give a generic conversion from integrality gaps of basic LPs to hardness results. All of those results are ``unconditional.'' Therefore, for every bounded-degree CSP, we give the best constant-time approximation algorithm among all.

Yoshida, Yuichi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Lattice polytopes having h?-polynomials with given degree and linear coefficient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The h?-polynomial of a lattice polytope is the numerator of the generating function of the Ehrhart polynomial. Let P be a lattice polytope with h?-polynomial of degree d and with linear coefficient h ? 1. We show that P has to be a lattice pyramid over a lower-dimensional lattice polytope, if the dimension of P is greater or equal to h ? 1 (2d + 1) + 4d ? 1. This result has a purely combinatorial proof and generalizes a recent theorem of Batyrev. As an application we deduce from an inequality due to Stanley that the volume of a lattice polytope is bounded by a function depending only on the degree and the two heighest non-zero coefficients of the h?-polynomial.

Benjamin Nill

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Wind: monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 5 Data Set (Jan. 2005)10-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 1993) Parameter: Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Created: October 4, 2005 See the NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) web site at http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/. The source data was downloaded from the SSE website at Data Retrieval: Meteorology and Solar Energy > Global data sets as text files. The tabular data was then converted to the shapefile format.

312

Cosmological dynamics of $f(R)$ gravity scalar degree of freedom in Einstein frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$f(R)$ gravity models belong to an important class of modified gravity models where the late time cosmic accelerated expansion is considered as the manifestation of the large scale modification of the force of gravity. $f(R)$ gravity models can be expressed in terms of a scalar degree of freedom by redefinition of models variable. The conformal transformation of the action from Jordan frame to Einstein frame makes the scalar degree of freedom more explicit and can be studied conveniently. We have investigated the features of the scalar degree of freedoms and the consequent cosmological implications of the power-law ($\\xi R^n$) and the Starobinsky (disappearing cosmological constant) $f(R)$ gravity models numerically in the Einstein frame. Both the models show interesting behaviour of their scalar degree of freedom and could produce the accelerated expansion of the Universe in the Einstein frame with the negative equation of state of the scalar field. However the scalar field potential for the power-law model is the well behaved function of the field, whereas the potential becomes flat for higher value of field in the case of the Starobinsky model. Moreover, the equation of state of the scalar field for the power-law model is always negative and less than -1/3, which corresponds to the behaviour of the dark energy that produces the accelerated expansion of the Universe. This is not always the case for the Starobinsky model. At late times Starobinsky model behaves as cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ as behaves by power-law model for the values of $n\\rightarrow 2$ at all times.

Umananda Dev Goswami; Kabita Deka

2013-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

313

{100} or 45.degree.-rotated {100}, semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, {100} or 45.degree.-rotated {100} oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Commissioning the 90 Degree Lattice for the PEP II High Energy Ring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to benefit from further reduction of the vertical IP beta function of the PEP-II high energy ring (HER) the bunch length should be reduced. This will be achieved by changing the phase advance from 60 degree to 90 degree in the four arcs not adjacent to the IR region, thus reducing momentum compaction by about 30% and reducing bunch length from a present 12 mm down to 8.5 mm at low beam current. In preparation to implement the 90 degree lattice the main HER quadrupole and sextupole strings and their power supplies have been reconfigured. The synchrotron tune initially will be lower but can be brought back by raising the rf voltage. Beam emittance is held at 48 nmr by introducing a significant dispersion beat in the arcs. The lattice was successfully commissioned at currents up to 800 mA in August 2007. In this paper we will compare the actual machine with the predicted behaviour, explain the correction strategies used and give an overall assessment of the operation and the benefit of the new lattice configuration.

Wittmer, W.; Cai, Y.; Cheng, W.X.; Colocho, W.S.; Decker, F.J.; Ecklund, S.; Fisher, A.S.; Nosochkov, Y.; Novokhatski, A.; Sullivan, M.K.; Wienands, U.; Yan, Y.T.; Yocky, G.; /SLAC

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

315

Evaluación de los exopolisacáridos producidos por una cepa nativa de cianobacteria Nostoc sp. Como sustrato en la producción de bioetanol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Herrera Pérez, Ruth Marisol (2012) Evaluación de los exopolisacáridos producidos por una cepa nativa de cianobacteria Nostoc sp. Como sustrato en la producción de bioetanol.… (more)

Herrera Pérez, Ruth Marisol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

ErgyCapital SpA formerly Greenergy Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ErgyCapital SpA formerly Greenergy Capital ErgyCapital SpA formerly Greenergy Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name ErgyCapital SpA (formerly Greenergy Capital) Place Milan, Italy Zip 20121 Sector Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product Investment company specializing in renewable energy and energy efficiency. Coordinates 45.468945°, 9.18103° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.468945,"lon":9.18103,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

317

Energia Servizi Engineering SpA E S Engineering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Servizi Engineering SpA E S Engineering Servizi Engineering SpA E S Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name Energia & Servizi Engineering SpA (E&S Engineering) Place Rome, Italy Sector Hydro, Wind energy Product Italian developer of biogas, wind, mini-hydro and PV projects. Coordinates 41.90311°, 12.49576° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.90311,"lon":12.49576,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

318

Identification, Distribution and Control of an Invasive Pest Ant, Paratrechina sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Invasive species are capable of causing considerable damage to natural ecosystems, agricultures and economies throughout the world. These invasive species must be identified and adequate control measures should be investigated to prevent and reduce the negative effects associated with exotic species. A recent introduction of an exotic ant, Paratrechina sp. nr. pubens, has caused tremendous economic and ecological damage to southern Texas. Morphometric and phylogenetic procedures were used to identify this pest ant, P. sp. nr. pubens, to Southern Texas. The populations in Texas were found to be slightly different but not discriminating from P. pubens populations described in previous literature. Analysis of the distribution and expansion of P. sp. nr. pubens found numerous geographically discrete populations and moderately expanding territories. These expansion rates were determined to be ~20 and ~30 m per mo for a neighborhood and industrial area, respectively. Several laboratory and field control strategies were implemented for control of this intensely pestiferous species. Dinotefuran exhibited high laboratory efficacy against P. sp. nr. pubens, while treatments using novaluron were inconclusive. The use of expanded-use Termidor? demonstrated trends in these data that suggest it as the treatment of choice. Other field treatments, such as Termidor and Top Choice?, Termidor and Advance Carpenter Ant BaitTM, and Transport? and Talstar? G, did not attain the success found in the expanded-use Termidor treatment. Most treatments examined were determined ineffective against high populations of P. sp. nr. pubens. Additional and more intensive population management regimes should be investigated. Abating further P. sp. nr. pubens population proliferation to other regions will only be realized from additional control research supplemented with state and federal interdiction policies.

Meyers, Jason

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

SP-100 planetary mission/system preliminary design study. Final report, technical information report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a discussion on many aspects of a nuclear electric propulsion planetary science mission and spacecraft using the proposed SP-100 nuclear power subsystem. A review of the science rationale for such missions is included. A summary of eleven nuclear electric propulsion planetary missions is presented. A conceptual science payload, mission design, and spacecraft design is included for the Saturn Ring Rendezvous mission. Spacecraft and mission costs have been estimated for two potential sequences of nuclear electric propulsion planetary missions. The integration issues and requirements on the proposed SP-100 power subsystems are identified.

Jones, R.M. [ed.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Flux control and one-hundred and eighty degree core systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-phase or four-phase electric machine includes a first stator part and a second stator part disposed about ninety electrical degrees apart. Stator pole parts are positioned near the first stator part and the second stator part. An injector injects a third-harmonic frequency current that is separate from and not produced by the fundamental current driving the first stator part and the second stator part. The electric angular speed of the third-harmonic rotating field comprises .theta. ##EQU00001## where p comprises the number of pole pairs, .theta. comprises a mechanical angle and t comprise time in seconds.

Hsu, John S

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alloys for 1000 degree C service in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant NERI 05-0191  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the proposed research is to define strategies for the improvement of alloys for structural components, such as the intermediate heat exchanger and primary-to-secondary piping, for service at 1000 degree C in the He environment of the NGNP. Specifically, we will investigate the oxidation/carburization behavior and microstructure stability and how these processes affect creep. While generating this data, the project will also develop a fundamental understanding of how impurities in the He environment affect these degradation processes and how this understanding can be used to develop more useful life prediction methodologies.

Gary S. Was; J.W. Jones; T. Pollock

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Longitudinal permeability of collisional plasmas under arbitrary degree of degeneration of electron gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric conductivity and dielectric permeability of the non-degenerate electronic gas for the collisional plasmas under arbitrary degree of degeneration of electron gas is found. The kinetic equation of Wigner - Vlasov - Boltzmann with collision integral in relaxation form BGK (Bhatnagar, Gross and Krook) in coordinate space is used. Dielectric permeability with using of the relaxation equation in the momentum space has been received by Mermin. Comparison with Mermin's formula has been realized. It is shown, that in the limit when Planck's constant tends to zero expression for dielectric permeability passes in the classical.

A. V. Latyshev; A. A. Yushkanov

2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

323

The effect of water vapor on the corrosion of carbon steel at 65{degree}C  

SciTech Connect

AISI 1020 carbon steel was exposed to air at various relative humidities at 65{degrees}C. A ``critical relative humidity`` (CRH) of 75--85% was determined. The CRH is the transitional relative humidity where oxidation/corrosion changes from dry oxidation to aqueous film electrochemical corrosion. Short term testing suggests that aqueous film electrochemical corrosion results in the formation of an inner oxide of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, and an outer oxide of a powdery Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and/or Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}{center_dot}xH{sub 2}O.

Gdowski, G.E.; Estill, J.C.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University  

SciTech Connect

Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5½ year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center “Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation,” which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of master’s students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APED’s current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a master’s degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises in the scientific and educational projects implemented through the Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation Center. This paper describes the development of the MPC&A engineering degree program and future goals of TPU in the field of nonproliferation education.

Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Nematic State of Pnictides Stabilized by Interplay between Spin, Orbital, and Lattice Degrees of Freedom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nematic state of the iron-based superconductors is studied in the undoped limit of the three-orbital (xz, yz, xy) spin-fermion model via the introduction of lattice degrees of freedom. Monte Carlo simulations show that in order to stabilize the experimentally observed lattice distortion and nematic order, and to reproduce photoemission experiments, both the spin-lattice and orbital-lattice couplings are needed. The interplay between their respective coupling strengths regulates the separation between the structural and Ne el transition temperatures. Experimental results for the temperature dependence of the resistivity anisotropy and the angle-resolved photoemission orbital spectral weight are reproduced by the present numerical simulations.

Liang, Shuhua [ORNL; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Trends in Heating and Cooling Degree Days: Implications for Energy Demand Issues  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Weather-related energy use, in the form of heating, cooling, and ventilation, accounted for more than 40 percent of all delivered energy use in residential and commercial buildings in 2006. Given the relatively large amount of energy affected by ambient temperature in the buildings sector, EIA has reevaluated what it considers normal weather for purposes of projecting future energy use for heating, cooling, and ventilation. In AEO2008, estimates of normal heating and cooling degree-days are based on the population-weighted average for the 10-year period from 1997 through 2006.

2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

327

Trends in Heating and Cooling Degree Days: Implications for Energy Demand Issues (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Weather-related energy use, in the form of heating, cooling, and ventilation, accounted for more than 40 percent of all delivered energy use in residential and commercial buildings in 2006. Given the relatively large amount of energy affected by ambient temperature in the buildings sector, EIA has reevaluated what it considers normal weather for purposes of projecting future energy use for heating, cooling, and ventilation. In AEO2008, estimates of normal heating and cooling degree-days are based on the population-weighted average for the 10-year period from 1997 through 2006.

Information Center

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

Solar abundances and helioseismology: fine structure spacings and separation ratios of low-degree p modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have used 4752 days of data collected by the Birmingham Solar-Oscillations Network (BiSON) to determine very precise oscillation frequencies of acoustic low-degree modes that probe the solar core. We compare the fine (small frequency) spacings and frequency separation ratios formed from these data with those of different solar models. We find that models constructed with low metallicity are incompatible with the observations. The results provide strong support for lowering the theoretical uncertainties on the neutrino fluxes. These uncertainties had recently been raised due to the controversy over the solar abundances.

Sarbani Basu; William J. Chaplin; Yvonne Elsworth; Roger New; Aldo M. Serenelli; Graham A. Verner

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

Complete genome sequence of the marine, cellulose and xylan degrading bacterium Glaciecola sp. 4H-3-7+YE-5  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Glaciecola sp. 4H-3-7+YE-5 was isolated from deep sea sediments at Suruga Bay in Japan and is capable of efficiently hydrolyzing cellulose and xylan. The complete genome sequence of Glaciecola sp. 4H-3-7+YE-5 revealed several genes encoding putatively novel glycoside hydrolases associated with plant biomass degradation.

Klippel, Dr Barbara [Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg (Hamburg University of Technology); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Davenport, Karen W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Shunsheng [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wiebusch, Sigrid [Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg (Hamburg University of Technology); Basner, Alexander [Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg (Hamburg University of Technology); Abe, Fumiyoshi [Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC); Horikoshi, Koki [Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC); Antranikian, Garabed [Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg (Hamburg University of Technology)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Image system for three dimensional, 360 DEGREE, time sequence surface mapping of moving objects  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional motion camera system comprises a light projector placed between two synchronous video cameras all focused on an object-of-interest. The light projector shines a sharp pattern of vertical lines (Ronchi ruling) on the object-of-interest that appear to be bent differently to each camera by virtue of the surface shape of the object-of-interest and the relative geometry of the cameras, light projector and object-of-interest Each video frame is captured in a computer memory and analyzed. Since the relative geometry is known and the system pre-calibrated, the unknown three-dimensional shape of the object-of-interest can be solved for by matching the intersections of the projected light lines with orthogonal epipolar lines corresponding to horizontal rows in the video camera frames. A surface reconstruction is made and displayed on a monitor screen. For 360.degree. all around coverage of theobject-of-interest, two additional sets of light projectors and corresponding cameras are distributed about 120.degree. apart from one another.

Lu, Shin-Yee (Pleasanton, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Global Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Soils on a 0.5 Degree Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Soils on a 0.5 Degree Grid Global Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Soils on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (DB-1015) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.db1015 This data has been updated. Please see NDP-081. Contributed by: James W. Raich 1 and Christopher S. Potter2 1Department of Botany Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011 USA Email: jraich@iastate.edu 2NASA Ames Research Center MS 242-2 Moffett Field, CA 94035 USA Email: cpotter@gaia.arc.nasa.gov Prepared by L.M. Olsen. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Date Published: March, 1996 (Revised for the web: 2002) The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center is a part of the Environmental Sciences Division of the OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (ORNL) and is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290. The ORNL is managed by University of Tennessee-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

332

Aluminum hydrolysis constants to 250[degrees]C from boehmite solubility measurements  

SciTech Connect

Boehmite solubilities were measured at 150, 200, and 250[degrees]C at pH values from 1 to 10 at 100 bars total pressure and used to determine the stability constants for the mononuclear aluminum hydroxide complexes Al(OH)[sup 2+], Al(OH)[sup +][sub 2], Al(OH)[sub 0][sub 3], AL(OH)[sup -][sub 4], and the solubility product of boehmite. Buffer solutions of HCl-KCl, acetic acid-sodium acetate, sodium bicarbonate-carbonic acid, and boric acid-potassium hydroxide were used to control pH. Our solubility data are in good agreement with boehmite solubility measurements in perchloric acid and sodium hydroxide solutions reported by KUYUNKO et al. (1983). The stability constants for the aluminum hydroxide species were determined from the solubility data using a Ridge regression technique. The results indicate that aluminum ion hydrolysis becomes stronger at higher temperatures, and the stability field of the neutral complex Al(OH)[sup 0][sub 3] becomes larger. The results are used to provide a set of equilibrium constants for aluminum hydroxide complex formation and boehmite hydrolysis from 0-300[degrees]C.

Bourcier, W.L.; Knauss, K.G.; Jackson, K.J. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Polar studies of the sphericity degree of V/HTR nuclear fuel particles  

SciTech Connect

Advanced nuclear power reactor designs such as (Very) High Temperature Reactors (V/HTR) employ TRISO fuel particles that typically have a sub-millimetre U-based fuel kernel coated with three isotropic ceramic layers-a layer of silicon carbide sandwiched between pyrocarbon layers of different density. Evaluation of the ceramic layer thickness and of the degree of sphericity of these typical nuclear fuel particles is required at each step of the fabrication, in order to estimate future fuel performance under irradiation conditions. This study is based on the image processing of polished cross-sections, realized near the equatorial plane. From these 2D images, some measurements are carried out, giving an estimation of the diameter values for a sample of particles at each step of the coating process. These values are then statistically extended to the third dimension in order to obtain the thickness of each layer and the degree of sphericity of each particle. A representation of diameter and layer thickness in polar coordinates enables one to identify steps for which the coating process is defective or deviating from nominal objectives.

Robert-Inacio, F. [Institut Superieur de l'Electronique et du Numerique de Toulon, L2MP UMR CNRS 6137, place Pompidou, F-83000 Toulon (France)]. E-mail: frederique.robert@isen.fr; Boschet, C. [Institut Superieur de l'Electronique et du Numerique de Toulon, L2MP UMR CNRS 6137, place Pompidou, F-83000 Toulon (France); Charollais, F. [CEA Cadarache, DEN/CAD/DEC/SPUA, Bat. 315, BP1, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance (France)]. E-mail: francois.charollais@cea.fr; Cellier, F. [Framatome ANP, an AREVA and Siemens Company, Plants Sector, 10, rue Juliette Recamier, 69456 Lyon Cedex 06 (France)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

QCD Equation of State From a Chiral Hadronic Model Including Quark Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents an effective model for strongly interacting matter and the QCD equation of state (EoS). The model includes both hadron and quark degrees of freedom and takes into account the transition of chiral symmetry restoration as well as the deconfinement phase transition. At low temperatures $T$ and baryonic densities $\\rho_B$ a hadron resonance gas is described using a SU(3)-flavor sigma-omega model and a quark phase is introduced in analogy to PNJL models for higher $T$ and $\\rho_B$. In this way, the correct asymptotic degrees of freedom are used in a wide range of $T$ and $\\rho_B$. Here, results of this model concerning the chiral and deconfinement phase transitions and thermodynamic model properties are presented. Large hadron resonance multiplicities in the transition region emphasize the importance of heavy-mass resonance states in this region and their impact on the chiral transition behavior. The resulting phase diagram of QCD matter at small chemical potentials is in line with latest lattice QCD and thermal model results.

Philip Rau; Jan Steinheimer; Stefan Schramm; Horst Stöcker

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

335

Image system for three dimensional, 360{degree}, time sequence surface mapping of moving objects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A three-dimensional motion camera system comprises a light projector placed between two synchronous video cameras all focused on an object-of-interest. The light projector shines a sharp pattern of vertical lines (Ronchi ruling) on the object-of-interest that appear to be bent differently to each camera by virtue of the surface shape of the object-of-interest and the relative geometry of the cameras, light projector and object-of-interest. Each video frame is captured in a computer memory and analyzed. Since the relative geometry is known and the system pre-calibrated, the unknown three-dimensional shape of the object-of-interest can be solved for by matching the intersections of the projected light lines with orthogonal epipolar lines corresponding to horizontal rows in the video camera frames. A surface reconstruction is made and displayed on a monitor screen. For 360{degree} all around coverage of the object-of-interest, two additional sets of light projectors and corresponding cameras are distributed about 120{degree} apart from one another. 20 figs.

Lu, S.Y.

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

EXOPLANETS FROM THE ARCTIC: THE FIRST WIDE-FIELD SURVEY AT 80 Degree-Sign N  

SciTech Connect

Located within 10 Degree-Sign of the North Pole, northern Ellesmere Island offers continuous darkness in the winter months. This capability can greatly enhance the detection efficiency of planetary transit surveys and other time domain astronomy programs. We deployed two wide-field cameras at 80 Degree-Sign N, near Eureka, Nunavut, for a 152 hr observing campaign in 2012 February. The 16 megapixel camera systems were based on commercial f/1.2 lenses with 70 mm and 42 mm apertures, and they continuously imaged 504 and 1295 deg{sup 2}, respectively. In total, the cameras took over 44,000 images and produced better than 1% precision light curves for approximately 10,000 stars. We describe a new high-speed astrometric and photometric data reduction pipeline designed for the systems, test several methods for the precision flat fielding of images from very-wide-angle cameras, and evaluate the cameras' image qualities. We achieved a scintillation-limited photometric precision of 1%-2% in each 10 s exposure. Binning the short exposures into 10 minute chunks provided a photometric stability of 2-3 mmag, sufficient for the detection of transiting exoplanets around the bright stars targeted by our survey. We estimate that the cameras, when operated over the full Arctic winter, will be capable of discovering several transiting exoplanets around bright (m{sub V} < 9.5) stars.

Law, Nicholas M.; Sivanandam, Suresh [Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H4 (Canada); Carlberg, Raymond; Salbi, Pegah; Ngan, Wai-Hin Wayne; Kerzendorf, Wolfgang [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H4 (Canada); Ahmadi, Aida [University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Steinbring, Eric; Murowinski, Richard, E-mail: law@di.utoronto.ca [National Science Infrastructure, National Research Council Canada, Victoria, British Columbia, V9E 2E7 (Canada)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 in pancreatic and breast cancer cells by Sp proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) is a key angiogenic factor, and angiogenesis is an important physiological process associated with neovascularization, growth, and metastasis of many different tumors. The mechanism of VEGFR2 gene expression was investigated in MiaPaCa-2, Panc-1, and AsPC-1 pancreatic cancer cells transfected with a series of VEGFR2 promoter deletion/mutated constructs, and the results indicated that the GC-rich �60 to �37 region of the promoter was essential for VEGFR2 expression in these cell lines. EMSA and ChIP assays showed that Sp proteins are expressed and bind to the proximal GC-rich region of the VEGFR2 promoter. RNA interference studies on Sp proteins demonstrated that Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4 all contributed to VEGFR2 gene/protein expression in pancreatic cancer cells. VEGFR2 gene expression was also investigated in ZR-75 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. ZR-75 cells treated with 10 nM 17b-estradiol (E2) increased VEGFR2 mRNA levels/protein expression. The VEGFR2 promoter was induced by E2 in ZR-75 cells, and analysis of the VEGFR2 promoter identified the GC rich -60 to -37 region that was required for E2-mediated transactivation. EMSA and ChIP assays confirmed that Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4 proteins are expressed in ZR-75 cells and bind the proximal GC-rich region of the VEGFR2 promoter. RNA interference was used to determine the relative contributions of Sp proteins on hormonal regulation of VEGFR2 through ER/Sp complexes, and interestingly, in ZR-75 cells, hormone-induced activation of VEGFR2 involves ERa/Sp3 and ERa/Sp4 but not ERa/Sp1. In MCF-7 cells treated with 10 nM E2, VEGFR2 mRNA levels were decreased. Analysis of the VEGFR2 promoter revealed that the same GC-rich region important for E2-mediated upregulation in ZR-75 cells was responsible for E2-dependent downregulation of VEGFR2 gene expression in MCF-7 cells. EMSA and ChIP assays confirmed that Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4 proteins are expressed in MCF-7 cells and bind to the proximal GC-rich region of the VEGFR2 promoter. RNA interference studies showed that Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4 are involved in the E2-mediated downregulation of VEGFR2 in MCF-7 cells, and ERa/Sp protein-promoter interactions are accompanied by recruitment of the corepressor SMRT using the ChIP assay.

Higgins, Kelly Jean

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Genome Sequence of Amycolatopsis sp Strain ATCC 39116, a Plant Biomass-Degrading Actinomycete  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We announce the availability of a high-quality draft of the genome sequence of Amycolatopsis sp. strain 39116, one of few bacterial species that are known to consume the lignin component of plant biomass. This genome sequence will further ongoing efforts to use microorganisms for the conversion of plant biomass into fuels and high-value chemicals.

Davis, Jennifer R. [Brown University; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Shunsheng [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Sello, Jason K. [Brown University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism by Rhodococcus sp. I24 : computational, biochemical and transcriptional analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rhodococcus sp. 124 is a Gram-positive soil bacterium being developed for the manufacture of (-)cis-(1S,2R)-1-aminoindan-2-ol, a key precursor in the production of the HIV-1 protease inhibitor CrixivanTM, from the aromatic ...

Parker, Jefferson A. (Jefferson Alexander), 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Cryptometrion aestuescens gen. sp. nov. (Cryphonectriaceae) pathogenic to Eucalyptus in Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryptometrion aestuescens gen. sp. nov. (Cryphonectriaceae) pathogenic to Eucalyptus in Indonesia M, Indonesia. C Corresponding author. Email: Marieka.Gryzenhout@fabi.up.ac.za Abstract. The recently described on Eucalyptus. A recent investigation of dying Eucalyptus grandis clonal hedges in northern Sumatra, Indonesia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Whole-Body Cerenkov Luminescence Tomography with the Finite Element SP3 Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whole-Body Cerenkov Luminescence Tomography with the Finite Element SP3 Method JIANGHONG ZHONG, JIE Bai oversaw the review of this article. Abstract--Generation of an accurate Cerenkov luminescence-active approach toward whole-body Cerenkov luminescence tomography. The finite element framework employs

Tian, Jie

342

Stock mechanics: predicting recession in S&P500, DJIA, and NASDAQ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An original method, assuming potential and kinetic energy for prices and conservation of their sum is developed for forecasting exchanges. Connections with power law are shown. Semiempirical applications on S&P500, DJIA, and NASDAQ predict a coming recession in them. An emerging market, Istanbul Stock Exchange index ISE-100 is found involving a potential to continue to rise.

Tuncay, C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

VEMBU STOREGRID SP4.0 SETUP (WINDOWS) 08/30/2011 Page 1 of 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEMBU STOREGRID SP4.0 SETUP (WINDOWS) 08/30/2011 Page 1 of 23 TitleTitle VEMBU STOREGRID CLIENT SETUP (WINDOWS PCs) Vembu StoreGrid is the Viterbi IT adapted solution for Online Remote Backup. Staff for your Windows operating system at http

Wang, Hai

344

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering Information for potential graduate applicants who do not have a degree in Chemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering Information for potential graduate applicants who do not have a degree in Chemical Engineering The department of chemical and biological engineering frequently admits applicants who have a bachelor's degree in a field other than chemical engineering. Many

345

B.S. in Chemical Science The Chemical Science degree is designed for students who plan programs in fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B.S. in Chemical Science The Chemical Science degree is designed for students who plan programs, and Geology. In addition, Chemical Science can be a valuable major for those interested in business and law. This degree is not intended as a chemical preparation for people who wish to do work directly in Chemistry

Weston, Ken

346

Obliquity factors for {sup 60}Co and 4, 10, and 18 MV x rays for concrete, steel, and lead and angles of incidence between 0{degrees} and 70{degrees}  

SciTech Connect

The attenuation of {sup 60}Co gamma rays and photons of 4, 10, and 18 MV x-ray beams by concrete, steel, and lead has been studied using the Monte Carlo technique for angles of incidence 0{degrees}, 30{degrees}, 45{degrees}, 60{degrees}, and 70{degrees}. Transmission factors have been determined down to < 2 x 10{sup {minus}5} in all cases. The results show that deviation from the obliquity factor increases with angle but is not significant for angles {le} 45{degrees}. AT 70{degrees} angle of incidence and a transmission factor of 10{sup {minus}5}, the obliquity factor varies between 1.2 and 1.9 for concrete, between 1.4 and 1.7 for steel, and between 1.4 and 1.5 for lead for the range of energies investigated. This amounts to an additional 86 and 50 cm of concrete, 25 and 23 cm of steel, and 8 and 14 cm of lead for {sup 60}Co and 18 MV x rays, respectively. The results for {sup 60}Co is concrete and lead are in good agreement with previously published experimental work. Fits to the data using mathematical models allow reconstruction of all data curves to better than 1% on average and 7% in the worst single case. 9 refs., 14 figs., 6 tabs.

Biggs, P.J. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Note: Rotaphone, a new self-calibrated six-degree-of-freedom seismic sensor  

SciTech Connect

We have developed and tested (calibration, linearity, and cross-axis errors) a new six-degree-of-freedom mechanical seismic sensor for collocated measurements of three translational and three rotational ground motion velocity components. The device consists of standard geophones arranged in parallel pairs to detect spatial gradients. The instrument operates in a high-frequency range (above the natural frequency of the geophones, 4.5 Hz). Its theoretical sensitivity limit in this range is 10{sup -9} m/s in ground velocity and 10{sup -9} rad/s in rotation rate. Small size and weight, and easy installation and maintenance make the instrument useful for local-earthquake recording and seismic prospecting.

Brokesova, Johana [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, 180 00 Prague (Czech Republic); Malek, Jiri [Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics, ASCR, 182 09 Prague (Czech Republic); Evans, John R. [U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

DETECTION OF HIGH-DEGREE PROGRADE SECTORAL MODE SEQUENCES IN THE A-STAR KIC 8054146?  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the 46 frequencies found in the {delta} Sct star KIC 8054146 involving a frequency spacing of exactly 2.814 cycles day{sup -1} (32.57 {mu}Hz), which is also a dominant low-frequency peak near or equal to the rotational frequency. These 46 frequencies range up to 146 cycles day{sup -1}. Three years of Kepler data reveal distinct sequences of these equidistantly spaced frequencies, including the basic sequence and side lobes associated with other dominant modes (i.e., small amplitude modulations). The amplitudes of the basic sequence show a high-low pattern. The basic sequence follows the equation f{sub m} = 2.8519 + m*2.81421 cycles day{sup -1} with m ranging from 25 to 35. The zero-point offset and the lack of low-order harmonics eliminate an interpretation in terms of a Fourier series of a non-sinusoidal light curve. The exactness of the spacing eliminates high-order asymptotic pulsation. The frequency pattern is not compatible with simple hypotheses involving single or multiple spots, even with differential rotation. The basic high-frequency sequence is interpreted in terms of prograde sectoral modes. These can be marginally unstable, while their corresponding low-degree counterparts are stable due to stronger damping. The measured projected rotation velocity (300 km s{sup -1}) indicates that the star rotates with {approx}>70% of the Keplerian break-up velocity. This suggests a near equator-on view. We qualitatively examine the visibility of prograde sectoral high-degree g-modes in integrated photometric light in such a geometrical configuration and find that prograde sectoral modes can reproduce the frequencies and the odd-even amplitude pattern of the high-frequency sequence.

Breger, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Lenz, P. [Institut fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Wien, Tuerkenschanzstr. 17, A-1180, Wien (Austria); Pamyatnykh, A. A. [Copernicus Astronomical Center, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Second Examination of Fragments of Unirradiated and Irradiated CANDU Fuel, and Irradiated LWR Fuel, Oxidized in Air at 130 Degrees Centigrade and 170 Degrees Centigrade for Approximately One Thousand Days  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thisreport documents the examination of unclad fragments of unirradiated CANDU fuel, and irradiated LWR fuel, after approximately 2.8 years of oxidation in air at 130 degrees Centigrade and 170 degrees Centigrade. During oxidation, the various fuel specimens were isolated in separate vials, which were designed to permit free access of air, while preventing cross-contamination. Two specimens of each fuel type were recovered for examination from each experiment. The irradiated fuel specimens were weighed a...

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Gaguk Zakaria received his Stratum One (Bachelor of Science) degree in Electrical Engineering in 1985 from Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia, and his  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering in 1985 from Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia, and his Master of Science degree

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

351

Six-Degree-of-Freedom Sensor Fish Design: Governing Equations and Motion Modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Sensor Fish device is being used at Northwest hydropower projects to better understand the conditions fish experience during passage through hydroturbines and other dam bypass alternatives. Since its initial development in 1997, the Sensor Fish has undergone numerous design changes to improve its function and extend the range of its use. The most recent Sensor Fish design, the three degree of freedom (3DOF) device, has been used successfully to characterize the environment fish experience when passing through turbines, in spill, or in engineered fish bypass facilities at dams. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is in the process of redesigning the current 3DOF Sensor Fish device package to improve its field performance. Rate gyros will be added to the new six degree of freedom (6DOF) device so that it will be possible to observe the six linear and angular accelerations of the Sensor Fish as it passes the dam. Before the 6DOF Sensor Fish device can be developed and deployed, governing equations of motion must be developed in order to understand the design implications of instrument selection and placement within the body of the device. In this report, we describe a fairly general formulation for the coordinate systems, equations of motion, force and moment relationships necessary to simulate the 6DOF movement of an underwater body. Some simplifications are made by considering the Sensor Fish device to be a rigid, axisymmetric body. The equations of motion are written in the body-fixed frame of reference. Transformations between the body-fixed and interial reference frames are performed using a formulation based on quaternions. Force and moment relationships specific to the Sensor Fish body are currently not available. However, examples of the trajectory simulations using the 6DOF equations are presented using existing low and high-Reynolds number force and moment correlations. Animation files for the test cases are provided in an attached CD. The next phase of the work will focus on the refinement and application of the 6DOF simulator developed in this project. Experimental and computational studies are planned to develop a set of force and moment relationships that are specific to the Sensor Fish body over the range of Reynolds numbers that it experiences. Lab testing of prototype 6DOF Sensor Fish will also allow for refinement of the trajectory simulations through comparison with observations in test flumes. The 6DOF simulator will also be an essential component in tools to analyze field data measured using the next generation Sensor Fish. The 6DOF simulator will be embedded in a moving-machinery computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model for hydroturbines to numerically simulate the 6DOF Sensor Fish.

Deng, Zhiqun; Richmond, Marshall C.; Simmons, Carver S.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

352

Skillful Seasonal Predictions of Boreal Winter Accumulated Heating Degree-Days and Relevance for the Weather Derivative Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that boreal winter accumulated heating degree-days, a weather derivative product that is frequently demanded by energy suppliers (among others), can be skillfully predicted with a lead time of 1 month, that is, at the beginning ...

S. Brands

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Projecting Monthly Natural Gas Sales for Space Heating Using a Monthly Updated Model and Degree-days from Monthly Outlooks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of projecting monthly residential natural gas sales and evaluating interannual changes in demand is investigated using a linear regression model adjusted monthly. with lagged monthly heating degree-days as the independent variable. ...

Richard L. Lehman; Henry E. Warren

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Low-Order Spectral Analysis of the Kirchhoff Matrix for a Probabilistic Graph With a Prescribed Expected Degree Sequence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the eigenvalue distribution of the Kirchhoff matrix of a large-scale probabilistic network with a prescribed expected degree sequence. This spectrum plays a key role in many dynamical and structural network problems ...

Preciado, Victor M.

355

Professional Master's Degree in Wetlands Conservation This program is designed for students who want professional training in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

want professional training in the multidisciplinary field of wetlands science and management Management POLSCI 786 Policy Evaluation POLSCI 784 Environmental Policy POLSCI 787 Policy Analysis & ChoiceProfessional Master's Degree in Wetlands Conservation This program is designed for students who

Schweik, Charles M.

356

Revealing the Degree of Magnetic Frustration by Non-Magnetic Impurities  

SciTech Connect

Imaging the magnetic fields around a non-magnetic impurity can provide a clear benchmark for quantifying the degree of magnetic frustration. Focusing on the strongly frustrated J{sub 1}-J{sub 2} model and the spatially anisotropic J{sub 1a}-J{sub 1b}-J{sub 2} model, very distinct low energy behaviors reflect different levels of magnetic frustration. In the J{sub 1}-J{sub 2} model, bound magnons appear trapped near the impurity in the ground state and strongly reduce the ordered moments for sites proximal to the impurity. In contrast, local moments in the J{sub 1a}-J{sub 1b}-J{sub 2} model are enhanced on the impurity neighboring sites. These theoretical predictions can be probed by experiments such as nuclear magnetic resonance and scanning tunneling microscopy, and the results can elucidate the role of frustration in antiferromagnets and help narrow the possible models to understand magnetism in the iron pnictdies.

Not Available

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

357

Test beam results on the Proton Zero Degree Calorimeter for the ALICE experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proton Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZP) for the ALICE experiment will measure the energy of the spectator protons in heavy ion collisions at the CERN LHC. Since all the spectator protons have the same energy, the calorimeter's response is proportional to their number, providing a direct information on the centrality of the collision. The ZP is a spaghetti calorimeter, which collects and measures the Cherenkov light produced by the shower particles in silica optical fibers embedded in a brass absorber. The details of its construction will be shown. The calorimeter was tested at the CERN SPS using pion and electron beams with momenta ranging from 50 to 200 GeV/c. The response of the calorimeter and its energy resolution have been studied as a function of the beam energy. Also, the signal uniformity and a comparison between the transverse profile of the hadronic and electromagnetic shower are presented. Moreover, the differences between the calorimeter's responses to protons and pions of the same energy have been investigated, exploiting the proton contamination in the positive pion beams.

Arnaldi, R.; Chiavassa, E.; De Marco, N.; Ferretti, A.; Gagliardi, M.; Gallio, M.; Gemme, R.; Mereu, P.; Musso, A.; Oppedisano, C.; Piccotti, A.; Poggio, F.; Scomparin, E.; Stocco, D.; Vercellin, E.; Yermia, F. [Universita di Torino, Turin (Italy); INFN, Turin (Italy); Cicalo, C.; De Falco, A.; Floris, M.; Masoni, A. [Universita di Cagliari, Cagliari (Italy); INFN, Cagliari (Italy)] (and others)

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

358

Design of JET ELM control coils for operation at 350 degrees C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study has confirmed the feasibility of designing, fabricating and installing resonant magnetic field perturbation (RMP) coils in JET(1) with the objective of controlling edge localized modes (ELM). A system of two rows of in-vessel coils, above the machine midplane, has been chosen as it not only can investigate the physics of and achieve the empirical criteria for ELM suppression, but also permits variation of the spectra allowing for comparison with other experiments. These coils present several engineering challenges. Conditions in JET necessitate the installation of these coils via remote handling, which will impose weight, dimensional and logistical limitations. And while the encased coils are designed to be conventionally wound and bonded, they will not have the usual benefit of active cooling. Accordingly, coil temperatures are expected to reach 350 degrees C during bakeout as well as during plasma operations. These elevated temperatures are beyond the safe operating limits of conventional OFHC copper and the epoxies that bond and insulate the turns of typical coils. This has necessitated the use of an alternative copper alloy conductor C18150 (CuCrZr). More importantly, an alternative to epoxy had to be found. An R&D program was initiated to find the best available insulating and bonding material. The search included polyimides and ceramic polymers. The scope and status of this R&D program, as well as the critical engineering issues encountered to date are reviewed and discussed.

Zatz, I J [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Baker, R [Association EURATOM-CCFE, Abingdon, UK; Brooks, A. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Cole, Michael J [ORNL; Neilson, G. H. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Design of the superconducting 45 degree dipole for the CEBAF high resolution spectrometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 460-ton dipole for the Hall A 4-GeV/c High Resolution Spectrometer has a bend angle of 45{sup o}, with an 8.4-m radius of curvature and an effective length of 6.6 m. It has a useful width of 100 cm and a 25-cm gap at the central radius of curvature. The dipole provides focusing in the dispersive plane by means of rotated (by 30 degrees) entrance and exit pole faces as well as a field index of -1.25. The end contour geometries have been designed to eliminate higher-order aberrations. The maximum central field is 1.6 T at 4 GeV/c. A field quality of 2 x 10{sup -4} (maximum deviation from the design value) is required over an excitation range from 0.16 T to 1.6 T. The 1.8-kA conductor is a 36-wire flattened cable. It has been designed to have limited cryostability at 4.5 K and 1.3 atm. Each coil is wound as one double pancake against the outer wall of the helium vessel in order to react the in-plane (hoop) loads. The bath-cooled, planar coil features negative curvature on its inner radius and at the exit. The coil produces 400 KAT at full excitation. The stored energy of this magnet is 3.5 MJ.

Alan Gavalya; John Alcorn; Walter Tuzel

1990-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

360

Examination of a Standardized Test for Evaluating the Degree of Cure of EVA Encapsulation (Presentation)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The curing of cross-linkable encapsulation is a critical consideration for photovoltaic (PV) modules manufactured using a lamination process. Concerns related to ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) include the quality (e.g., expiration and uniformity) of the films or completion (duration) of the cross-linking of the EVA within a laminator. Because these issues are important to both EVA and module manufacturers, an international standard has recently been proposed by the Encapsulation Task-Group within the Working Group 2 (WG2) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 82 (TC82) for the quantification of the degree of cure for EVA encapsulation. The present draft of the standard calls for the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as the rapid, enabling secondary (test) method. Both the residual enthalpy- and melt/freeze-DSC methods are identified. The DSC methods are calibrated against the gel content test, the primary (reference) method. Aspects of other established methods, including indentation and rotor cure metering, were considered by the group. Key details of the test procedure will be described.

Miller, D.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Gu, X.; Haldeman, S.; Hidalgo, M.; Malguth, E.; Reid, C.; Shioda, T.; Schulze, S.; Wang, Z.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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361

Nonlinear normal modes of a two degree of freedom oscillator with a bilateral elastic stop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the non linear modes of a two degree of freedom mechanical system with bilateral elastic stop is considered. The issue related to the non-smoothness of the impact force is handled through a regularization technique. In order to obtain the Nonlinear Normal Mode (NNM), the harmonic balance method with a large number of harmonics, combined with the asymptotic numerical method, is used to solve the regularized problem. These methods are present in the software "package" MANLAB. The results are validated from periodic orbits obtained analytically in the time domain by direct integration of the non regular problem. The two NNMs starting respectively from the two linear normal modes of the associated underlying linear system are discussed. The energy-frequency plot is used to present a global vision of the behavior of the modes. The dynamics of the modes are also analyzed comparing each periodic orbits and modal lines. The first NNM shows an elaborate dynamics with the occurrence of multiple impacts per period. On the other hand, the second NNM presents a more simple dynamics with a localization of the displacement on the first mass.

El Hadi Moussi; Sergio Bellizzi; Bruno Cochelin; I. Nistor

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Solar heavy element abundance: constraints from frequency separation ratios of low-degree p modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use very precise frequencies of low-degree solar-oscillation modes measured from 4752 days of data collected by the Birmingham Solar-Oscillations Network (BiSON) to derive seismic information on the solar core. We compare these observations to results from a large Monte Carlo simulation of standard solar models, and use the results to constrain the mean molecular weight of the solar core, and the metallicity of the solar convection zone. We find that only a high value of solar metallicity is consistent with the seismic observations. We can determine the mean molecular weight of the solar core to a very high precision, and, dependent on the sequence of Monte Carlo models used, find that the average mean molecular weight in the inner 20% by radius of the Sun ranges from 0.7209 to 0.7231, with uncertainties of less than 0.5% on each value. Our lowest seismic estimate of solar metallicity is Z=0.0187 and our highest is Z=0.0239, with uncertainties in the range of 12--19%. Our results indicate that the discrepancies between solar models constructed with low metallicity and the helioseismic observations extend to the solar core and thus cannot be attributed to deficiencies in the modeling of the solar convection zone.

William J. Chaplin; Aldo M. Serenelli; Sarbani Basu; Yvonne Elsworth; Roger New; Graham A. Verner

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

363

Quantum Field Theory Is Not Merely Quantum Mechanics Applied to Low Energy Effective Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is commonly assumed that quantum field theory arises by applying ordinary quantum mechanics to the low energy effective degrees of freedom of a more fundamental theory defined at ultra-high-energy/short-wavelength scales. We shall argue here that, even for free quantum fields, there are holistic aspects of quantum field theory that cannot be properly understood in this manner. Specifically, the ``subtractions'' needed to define nonlinear polynomial functions of a free quantum field in curved spacetime are quite simple and natural from the quantum field theoretic point of view, but are at best extremely ad hoc and unnatural if viewed as independent renormalizations of individual modes of the field. We illustrate this point by contrasting the analysis of the Casimir effect, the renormalization of the stress-energy tensor in time-dependent spacetimes, and anomalies from the point of quantum field theory and from the point of view of quantum mechanics applied to the independent low energy modes of the field. Some implications for the cosmological constant problem are discussed.

Stefan Hollands; Robert M. Wald

2004-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Examination of a Standardized Test for Evaluating the Degree of Cure of EVA Encapsulation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The curing of cross-linkable encapsulation is a critical consideration for photovoltaic (PV) modules manufactured using a lamination process. Concerns related to ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) include the quality (e.g., expiration and uniformity) of the films or completion (duration) of the cross-linking of the EVA within a laminator. Because these issues are important to both EVA and module manufacturers, an international standard has recently been proposed by the Encapsulation Task-Group within the Working Group 2 (WG2) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 82 (TC82) for the quantification of the degree of cure for EVA encapsulation. The present draft of the standard calls for the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as the rapid, enabling secondary (test) method. Both the residual enthalpy- and melt/freeze-DSC methods are identified. The DSC methods are calibrated against the gel content test, the primary (reference) method. Aspects of other established methods, including indentation and rotor cure metering, were considered by the group. Key details of the test procedure will be described.

Miller, D. C.; Gu, X.; Haldenman, S.; Hidalgo, M.; Malguth, E.; Reid, C. G.; Shioda, T.; Schulze, S. H.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wohlgemuth, J. H.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Genome Sequence of the Plant Growth Promoting Endophytic Bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638  

SciTech Connect

Enterobacter sp. 638 is an endophytic plant growth promoting gamma-proteobacterium that was isolated from the stem of poplar (Populus trichocarpa x deltoides cv. H11-11), a potentially important biofuel feed stock plant. The Enterobacter sp. 638 genome sequence reveals the presence of a 4,518,712 bp chromosome and a 157,749 bp plasmid (pENT638-1). Genome annotation and comparative genomics allowed the identification of an extended set of genes specific to the plant niche adaptation of this bacterium. This includes genes that code for putative proteins involved in survival in the rhizosphere (to cope with oxidative stress or uptake of nutrients released by plant roots), root adhesion (pili, adhesion, hemagglutinin, cellulose biosynthesis), colonization/establishment inside the plant (chemiotaxis, flagella, cellobiose phosphorylase), plant protection against fungal and bacterial infections (siderophore production and synthesis of the antimicrobial compounds 4-hydroxybenzoate and 2-phenylethanol), and improved poplar growth and development through the production of the phytohormones indole acetic acid, acetoin, and 2,3-butanediol. Metabolite analysis confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR showed that, the production of acetoin and 2,3-butanediol is induced by the presence of sucrose in the growth medium. Interestingly, both the genetic determinants required for sucrose metabolism and the synthesis of acetoin and 2,3-butanediol are clustered on a genomic island. These findings point to a close interaction between Enterobacter sp. 638 and its poplar host, where the availability of sucrose, a major plant sugar, affects the synthesis of plant growth promoting phytohormones by the endophytic bacterium. The availability of the genome sequence, combined with metabolome and transcriptome analysis, will provide a better understanding of the synergistic interactions between poplar and its growth promoting endophyte Enterobacter sp. 638. This information can be further exploited to improve establishment and sustainable production of poplar as an energy feedstock on marginal, non-agricultural soils using endophytic bacteria as growth promoting agents. Poplar is considered as the model tree species for the production of lignocellulosic biomass destined for biofuel production. The plant growth promoting endophytic bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638 can improve the growth of poplar on marginal soils by as much as 40%. This prompted us to sequence the genome of this strain and, via comparative genomics, identify functions essential for the successful colonization and endophytic association with its poplar host. Analysis of the genome sequence, combined with metabolite analysis and quantitative PCR, pointed to a remarkable interaction between Enterobacter sp. 638 and its poplar host with the endophyte responsible for the production of a phytohormone, and a precursor for another that poplar is unable to synthesize, and where the production of the plant growth promoting compounds depended on the presence of plant synthesized compounds, such as sucrose, in the growth medium. Our results provide the basis to better understanding the synergistic interactions between poplar and Enterobacter sp. 638. This information can be further exploited to improve establishment and sustainable production of poplar on marginal, non-agricultural soils using endophytic bacteria such as Enterobacter sp. 638 as growth promoting agents.

Taghavi, S.; van der Lelie, D.; Hoffman, A.; Zhang, Y.-B.; Walla, M. D.; Vangronsveld, J.; Newman, L.; Monchy, S.

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

PREFERRING sP RATS BY THE CANNABINOID ANTAGONIST SR-141716  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — The present study assessed the efficacy of the cannabinoid CBi receptor antagonist, SR-141716, in reducing voluntary ethanol intake in selectively bred Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) rats. Ethanol (10%, v/v) and food were available in daily 4h scheduled access periods; water was present 24 h/day. The acute administration of a 2.5 and a 5 mg/kg dose of SR-141716 selectively reduced ethanol intake, whereas a 10 mg/kg dose of SR-141716 reduced to a similar extent both ethanol and food intake. These results suggest that the cannabinoid CBi receptor is involved in the mediation of the ethanolreinforcing effects in sP rats.

unknown authors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Environmental assessment of SP-100 ground engineering system test site: Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to modify an existing reactor containment building (decommissioned Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR) 309 Building) to provide ground test capability for the prototype SP-100 reactor. The 309 Building (Figure 1.1) is located in the 300 Area on the Hanford Site in Washington State. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires that Federal agencies assess the potential impacts that their actions may have on the environment. This Environmental Assessment describes the consideration given to environmental impacts during reactor concept and test site selection, examines the environmental effects of the DOE proposal to ground test the nuclear subsystem, describes alternatives to the proposed action, and examines radiological risks of potential SP-100 use in space. 73 refs., 19 figs., 7 tabs.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Contribution of Extracellular Polymeric Substances from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 Biofilms to U(VI) Immobilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to quantify the contribution of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in U(VI) immobilization by Shewanella sp. HRCR-1. Through comparison of U(VI) immobilization using cells with bound EPS (bEPS) and cells without EPS, we showed that i) bEPS from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 biofilms contributed significantly to U(VI) immobilization, especially at low initial U(VI) concentrations, through both sorption and reduction; ii) bEPS could be considered as a functional extension of the cells for U(VI) immobilization and they likely play more important roles at initial U(VI) concentrations; and iii) U(VI) reduction efficiency was found to be dependent upon initial U(VI) concentration and the efficiency decreased at lower concentrations. To quantify relative contribution of sorption and reduction in U(VI) immobilization by EPS fractions, we isolated loosely associated EPS (laEPS) and bEPS from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 biofilms grown in a hollow fiber membrane biofilm reactor and tested their reactivity with U(V). We found that, when in reduced form, the isolated cell-free EPS fractions could reduce U(VI). Polysaccharides in the EPS likely contributed to U(VI) sorption and dominated reactivity of laEPS while redox active components (e.g., outer membrane c-type cytochromes), especially in bEPS, might facilitate U(VI) reduction.

Cao, Bin; Ahmed, B.; Kennedy, David W.; Wang, Zheming; Shi, Liang; Marshall, Matthew J.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Isern, Nancy G.; Majors, Paul D.; Beyenal, Haluk

2011-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

369

Extracellular Polymeric Substances from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 Biofilms: Characterization by Infrared Spectroscopy and Proteomics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study characterizes the composition of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 biofilms to provide insight into potential interactions of EPS with redox-active metals and radionuclides. Both bound and loosely associated EPS were extracted from Shewanella sp. HRCR-1 biofilms prepared using a hollow-fiber membrane biofilm reactor (HfMBR). FTIR spectra revealed the presence of proteins, polysaccharides, nucleic acids, membrane lipids, and fatty acids in both bound and loosely associated EPS. Using a global proteomic approach, a total of 58 extracellular and outer membrane proteins were identified in the EPS. These included homologues of multiple S. oneidensis MR-1 proteins that potentially contribute to key physiological biofilm processes, such as biofilm-promoting protein BpfA, surface-associated serine protease, nucleotidases (CpdB and UshA), an extracellular lipase, and oligopeptidases (PtrB and a M13 family oligopeptidase lipoprotein). In addition, 20 redox proteins were found in extracted EPS. Among the detected redox proteins were the homologues of two S. oneidensis MR-1 c-type cytochromes, MtrC and OmcA, which have been implicated in extracellular electron transfer. Given their detection in the EPS of Shewanella sp. HRCR 1 biofilms, c-type cytochromes may contribute to the possible redox activity of the biofilm matrix and play important roles in extracellular electron transfer reactions.

Cao, Bin; Shi, Liang; Brown, Roslyn N.; Xiong, Yijia; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Romine, Margaret F.; Marshall, Matthew J.; Lipton, Mary S.; Beyenal, Haluk

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Gas production and behavior in the coolant of the SP-100 Space Nuclear Power System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiologic generation and subsequent behavior of helium gas in the lithium coolant of SP-100 class space nuclear power reactors was investigated analytically in a two part study. Part One of the study consisted of a calculation of coolant radiologic helium gas production rates in a SP-100 class reactor using the discrete ordinates code TWODANT. Cross sections were developed from ENDF/B-V data via the MATXS6s master cross section library. Cross sections were self shielded assuming one homogeneous core region, and doppler broadened to 1300 K using the cross section preparation code TRANSX. Calculations were performed using an S{sub 4}/P{sub 1} approximation and 80 neutron energy groups. Part Two of the study consisted of a theoretical investigation into the behavior of helium gas in the primary loop of lithium cooled space reactors. The SP-100 space power system was used as a representative of such a system. Topics investigated included: (1) heterogeneous and homogeneous nucleation; (2) bubble growth/collapse by diffusion, mechanical temperature/pressure effects, and coalescence; and, (3) the effects on bubble distribution of microgravity, magnetic fields, and inertially induced buoyancy. 104 refs., 78 figs., 28 tabs.

McGhee, J.M.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Alkyl-methylimidazolium ionic liquids affect the growth and fermentative metabolism of Clostridium sp  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the effect of ionic liquids, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate [EMIM][Ac], 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium diethylphosphate [EMIM][DEP], and 1-methyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate [MMIM][DMP] on the growth and glucose fermentation of Clostridium sp. was investigated. Among the three ionic liquids tested, [MMIM][DMP] was found to be least toxic. Growth of Clostridium sp. was not inhibited up to 2.5, 4 and 4 g L{sup -1} of [EMIM][Ac], [EMIM][DEP] and [MMIM][DMP], respectively. [EMIM][Ac] at <2.5 g L{sup -1}, showed hormetic effect and stimulated the growth and fermentation by modulating medium pH. Total organic acid production increased in the presence of 2.5 and 2 g L{sup -1} of [EMIM][Ac] and [MMIM][DMP]. Ionic liquids had no significant influence on alcohol production at <2.5 g L{sup -1}. Total gas production was affected by ILs at {ge}2.5 g L{sup -1} and varied with type of methylimidazolium IL. Overall, the results show that the growth and fermentative metabolism of Clostridium sp. is not impacted by ILs at concentrations below 2.5 g L{sup -1}.

Nancharaiah, Y.V.; Francis, A.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

SBAC-PAD'2000 12th Symposium on Computer Architecture and High Performance Computing -S~ao Pedro -SP 83  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SBAC-PAD'2000 12th Symposium on Computer Architecture and High Performance Computing - S~ao Pedro Architecture and High Performance Computing - S~ao Pedro - SP -hard optimization problems

Cruz, Frederico

373

Walls of massive Kähler sigma models on SO(2N)/U(N) and Sp(N)/U(N)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield wall solutions in massive K\\"ahler nonlinear sigma models on SO(2N)/U(N) and Sp(N)/U(N) in three-dimensional spacetime. We show that SO(2N)/U(N) and Sp(N)/U(N) models have 2^{N-1} and 2^N discrete vacua, respectively. We explicitly construct the exact BPS multiwall solutions for N\\le 3.

Masato Arai; Sunyoung Shin

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

374

Space reactor system and subsystem investigations: assessment of technology issues for the reactor and shield subsystem. SP-100 Program  

SciTech Connect

As part of Rockwell's effort on the SP-100 Program, preliminary assessment has been completed of current nuclear technology as it relates to candidate reactor/shield subsystems for the SP-100 Program. The scope of the assessment was confined to the nuclear package (to the reactor and shield subsystems). The nine generic reactor subsystems presented in Rockwell's Subsystem Technology Assessment Report, ESG-DOE-13398, were addressed for the assessment.

Atkins, D.F.; Lillie, A.F.

1983-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Non-uniform Subdivision for B-splines of Arbitrary Degree. Computer Aided Geometric DesignTo appear  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an efficient algorithm for subdividing non-uniform B-splines of arbitrary degree in a manner similar to the Lane-Riesenfeld subdivision algorithm for uniform Bsplines of arbitrary degree. Our algorithm consists of doubling the control points followed by d rounds of non-uniform averaging similar to the d rounds of uniform averaging in the Lane-Riesenfeld algorithm for uniform B-splines of degree d. However, unlike the Lane-Riesenfeld algorithm which follows most directly from the continuous convolution formula for the uniform B-spline basis functions, our algorithm follows naturally from blossoming. We show that our knot insertion method is simpler and more efficient than previous knot insertion algorithms for non-uniform B-splines. 1.

S. Schaefer; R. Goldman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

SP-20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the fabrication of the new composite, different homogenization techniques were used, including jar milling and high energy ball milling. Powder samples are ...

377

Api Nova Energia Srl | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Renewable Energy Product Develops, builds, finances, acquires, owns and operates energy production facilities using both renewable sources and liquified natural gas....

378

The Bioverse API and Web Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bioverse is a framework for creating, warehousing and presenting biological information based on hierarchical levels of organisation. The framework is guided by a deeper philosophy of desiring to represent all relationships between all components of biological systems towards the goal of a wholistic picture of organismal biology. Data from various sources is combined into a single repository and a uniform interface is exposed to access it. The power of the approach of the Bioverse is that, due to its inclusive nature, patterns emerge from the acquired data and new predictions are made. The implementation of this repository (beginning with acquisition of source data, processing in a pipeline and concluding with storage in a relational database) and interfaces to the data contained in it, from a programmatic application interface to a user friendly web application, are discussed

Guerquin, Michal; McDermott, Jason E.; Frazier, Zach; Samudrala, Ram

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

379

Heterogeneous Crystallization of APIs on textured colloids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ballistic impact ~300 m/s Nylon (neat) ... Perform a normal SANS measurement at rest in the flow environment ... Enhanced oil recovery ...

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

380

Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

co-design site is at https:codesign.llnl.gov The Sandia Mantevo mini-apps are at http:mantevo.org CEA's open source repository is at https:github.comHydroBenchHydro.git...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The search for gluonic degrees of freedom in QCD using the GlueX facility at Jefferson Lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The search for gluonic degrees of freedom in mesons is an experimental challenge. The most promising approach is to look for mesons with exotic quantum numbers that can not be described by quark degrees of freedom only. The GlueX experiment at Jefferson Lab in Hall-D, currently under construction, will search for such hybrid mesons with exotic quantum numbers by scattering a linearly polarized high energetic photon beam off a liquid hydrogen target. An amplitude analysis will be employed to search for such resonances in the data and determine their quantum numbers.

Benedikt Zihlmann

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

FAINT EXTENDED OH EMISSION FROM THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM IN THE DIRECTION l Almost-Equal-To 108 Degree-Sign , b Almost-Equal-To 5 Degree-Sign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have mapped faint 1667 OH line emission (T{sub A} Almost-Equal-To 20-40 mK in our Almost-Equal-To 30' beam) along many lines of sight in the Galaxy covering an area of Almost-Equal-To 4 Degree-Sign Multiplication-Sign 4 Degree-Sign in the general direction of l Almost-Equal-To 108 Degree-Sign , b Almost-Equal-To 5 Degree-Sign . The OH emission is widespread, similar in extent to the local H I (r {approx}< 2 kpc) both in space and in velocity. The OH profile amplitudes show a good general correlation with those of H I in spectral channels of Almost-Equal-To 1 km s{sup -1}; this relation is described by T{sub A} (OH) Almost-Equal-To 1.50 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} T{sub B} (H I) for values of T{sub B} (H I) {approx}< 60-70 K. Beyond this the H I line appears to 'saturate', and few values are recorded above Almost-Equal-To 90 K. However, the OH brightness continues to rise, by a further factor Almost-Equal-To 3. The OH velocity profiles show multiple features with widths typically 2-3 km s{sup -1}, but less than 10% of these features are associated with CO(1-0) emission in existing surveys of the area smoothed to comparable resolution.

Allen, Ronald J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Rodriguez, Monica Ivette [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, P.O. Box 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Black, John H.; Booth, Roy S., E-mail: rjallen@stsci.edu, E-mail: mrm@iaa.es, E-mail: John.Black@chalmers.se, E-mail: rbooth@ska.ac.za [Onsala Space Observatory, Onsala SE-439 92 (Sweden)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Main Screen: students and advisors will use during the advising engagement and is prepopulated with degree plans per major. Sequences plan by terms; term courses populated by degree plans per each major.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by terms; term courses populated by degree plans per each major. Notes: helpful hints about that specific and click OK to return to Main Screen. Lock: locks that course into that term: a course can be locked.e. bowling, Tai Chi, allows student to select that course to take that term. Refresh Suggestions: · Sets

Barrash, Warren

384

Inoculation of hybrid poplar with the endophytic bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638 increases biomass but does not impact leaf level physiology  

SciTech Connect

Endophytic bacteria have been shown to provide several advantages to their host, including enhanced growth. Inoculating biofuel species with endophytic bacteria is therefore an attractive option to increase the productivity of biofuel feedstocks. Here, we investigated the effect of inoculating hard wood cuttings of Populus deltoides Bartr. x Populus. nigra L. clone OP367 with Enterobacter sp. 638. After 17 weeks, plants inoculated with Enterobacter sp. 638 had 55% greater total biomass than un-inoculated control plants. Study of gas exchange and fluorescence in developing and mature leaves over a diurnal cycle and over a 5 week measurement campaign revealed no effects of inoculation on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, photosynthetic water use efficiency or the maximum and operating efficiency of photosystem II. However, plants inoculated with Enterobacter sp. 638 had a canopy that was 39% larger than control plants indicating that the enhanced growth was fueled by increased leaf area, not by improved physiology. Leaf nitrogen content was determined at two stages over the 5 week measurement period. No effect of Enterobacter sp. 638 on leaf nitrogen content was found indicating that the larger plants were acquiring sufficient nitrogen. Enterobacter sp. 638 lacks the genes for N{sub 2} fixation, therefore the increased availability of nitrogen likely resulted from enhanced nitrogen acquisition by the 84% larger root system. These data show that Enterobacter sp. 638 has the potential to dramatically increase productivity in poplar. If fully realized in the production environment, these results indicate that an increase in the environmental and economic viability of poplar as a biofuel feedstock is possible when inoculated with endophytic bacteria like Enterobacter sp. 638.

Rogers, A.; McDonald, K.; Muehlbauer, M. F.; Hoffman, A.; Koenig, K.; Newman, L.; Taghavi, S.; Van Der Lelie, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Complete Genome Sequence of the Thermophilic Bacterium Exiguobacterium sp. AT1b  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here we present the genome of strain Exiguobacterium sp. AT1b, a thermophilic member of the genus Exiguobacterium whose representatives were isolated from various environments along a thermal and physicochemical gradient. This genome was sequenced to be a comparative resource for the study of thermal adaptation with a psychroactive representative of the genus, Exiguobacterium sibiricum strain 255-15, that was previously sequenced by the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) (http://genome.ornl.gov/microbial/exig/).

Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L [ORNL; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Brettin, Tom [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kathariou, Sophia [North Carolina State University; Ramaley, Robert F. [University of Nebraska Medical Center; Rodrigues, Debora F. [University of Houston, Houston; Hendrix, Christie [Yellowstone National Park; Richardson, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tiedje, James M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Genome Sequence of the Ethene- and Vinyl Chloride-Oxidizing Actinomycete Nocardioides sp Strain JS614  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nocardioides sp. strain JS614 grows on ethene and vinyl chloride (VC) as sole carbon and energy sources and is of interest for bioremediation and biocatalysis. Sequencing of the complete genome of JS614 provides insight into the genetic basis of alkene oxidation, supports ongoing research into the physiology and biochemistry of growth on ethene and VC, and provides biomarkers to facilitate detection of VC/ethene oxidizers in the environment. This is the first genome sequence from the genus Nocardioides and the first genome of a VC/ethene-oxidizing bacterium.

Coleman, Nicholas V [University of Sydney, Australia; Wilson, Neil L [University of Sydney, Australia; Barry, Kerrie [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Hammon, Nancy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Shunsheng [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Israni, Sanjay [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kim, Edwin [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Richardson, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Schmutz, Jeremy [Stanford University; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Thompson, Sue [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Spain, Jim C [Georgia Institute of Technology; Gossett, James G [Cornell University; Mattes, Timothy E [University of Iowa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Complete Genome Sequence of the Thermophilic Bacterium Exiguobacterium sp. AT1b  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here we present the genome of strain Exiguobacterium sp. AT1b, a thermophilic member of the genus Exiguobacterium whose representatives were isolated from various environments along a thermal and physico-chemical gradient. This genome was sequenced to be a comparative resource for study of thermal adaptation with a psychroactive representative of the genus, Exiguobacterium sibiricum strain 255-15, that was previously sequenced by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) (http://genome.ornl.gov/microbial/exig/).

Vishnivetskaya, T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Brettin, Thomas S [ORNL; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kathariou, Sophia [North Carolina State University; Ramaley, Robert F. [University of Nebraska Medical Center; Rodrigues, Debora F. [University of Houston, Houston; Hendrix, Christie [Yellowstone National Park; Richardson, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tiedje, James M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Maximum Freezing Degree-Days as a Winter Severity Index for the Great Lakes, 1897–1977  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

General regional and temporal trends in maximum freezing degree-days (FDD's) are identified for the shore zone of the Great Lakes Basin for the 80 winter periods 1897–1977. The cumulative frequency distribution of FDD's at cub of 25 locations is ...

Raymond A. Assel

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A 14.6 billion degrees of freedom, 5 teraflops, 2.5 terabyte earthquake simulation on the Earth Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use 1944 processors of the Earth Simulator to model seismic wave propagation resulting from large earthquakes. Simulations are conducted based upon the spectral-element method, a high-degree finite-element technique with an exactly diagonal mass matrix. ...

Dimitri Komatitsch; Seiji Tsuboi; Chen Ji; Jeroen Tromp

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Optimal two-degree-of-freedom fuzzy control for locomotion control of a hydraulically actuated hexapod robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Locomotion control of legged robots is a very challenging task because very accurate foot trajectory tracking control is necessary for stable walking. An electro-hydraulically actuated walking robot has sufficient power to walk on rough terrain and carry ... Keywords: Hydraulic actuator, One-step-ahead fuzzy control, Robot locomotion, Six-legged walking robot, Two-degree-of-freedom fuzzy control

Ranjit Kumar Barai; Kenzo Nonami

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

arXiv:astro-ph/0410680v227Jan2005 Crossing the Phantom Divide: Dark Energy Internal Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:astro-ph/0410680v227Jan2005 Crossing the Phantom Divide: Dark Energy Internal Degrees Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago IL 60637 Dark energy constraints have forced viable that evolves across the phantom divide set by . Naively, crossing this divide makes the dark energy

Hu, Wayne

392

Development of Advanced Flow-Through External Pressure-Balanced Reference Electrode for Temperatures up to 400 degrees C.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of an advanced flow-through external pressure-balanced reference electrode opens the door for more accurate measurements of corrosion potential, redox potential, and pH in power plant waters at temperatures up to 400 degrees C. Such measurements allow a more accurate assessment of an environment's corrosivity and promote more effective corrosion control.

1998-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

393

arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:submit/0451583[physics.gen-ph]8Apr2012 Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology. Lahore, Pakistan Abstract. Motivated by many condensed matter and nuclear systems are described initially on the same footing. Since it may be possible

Williams, Brian C.

394

A degree-day method for residential heating load calculations specifically incorporating the utilization of solar gains  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A simple and well known method of estimating residential heating loads is the variable base degree-day method, in which the steady-state heat loss rate (UA) is multiplied by the degree-days based from the balance temperature of the structure. The balance temperature is a function of the UA as well as the average rate of internal heat gains, reflecting the displacement of the heating requirements by these gains. Currently, the heat gains from solar energy are lumped with those from appliances to estimate an average rate over the day. This ignores the effects of the timing of the gains from solar energy, which are more highly concentrated during daytime hours, hence more frequently exceeding the required space heat and less utilizable than the gains from appliances. Simulations or specialized passive solar energy calculation methods have previously been required to account for this effect. This paper presents curves of the fraction of the absorbed solar energy utilized for displacement of space heat, developed by comparing heating loads calculated using a variable base degree-day method (ignoring solar gains) to heating loads from a large number of detailed DOE-2 simulations. The difference in the loads predicted by the two methods can be interpreted as the utilized solar gains. The solar utilization decreases as the thermal integrity increases, as expected, and the solar utilizations are similar across climates. They can be used to estimate the utilized fraction of the absorbed solar energy and, with the load predicted by the variable base degree-day calculation, form a modified degree-day method that closely reproduces the loads predicted by the DOE-2 simulation model and is simple enough for hand calculations. 6 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

Lucas, R.G.; Pratt, R.G.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Nutrient regulation of an exotic, unidentified paratrechina sp. (hymenoptera: formicidae) found in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colony fitness, size, and reproductive potential are determined by their ability to locate and consume the optimal amounts of various macronutrients. Understanding the nutritional regulation of an ant colony furthers our understanding of their life history and can be used to produce a better baiting system. The "Geometric Framework" was used to conduct experiments determining how Paratrechina sp.nr. pubens regulated their protein and carbohydrate intake when given two sub-optimal, but complementary food sources, as well as when confined to a single food source. By analyzing how much food they consumed, we can determine how P. sp.nr. pubens regulates their food intake. Examination of the consumption results when given two choices, showed a preference for carbohydrate rich foods as well as a trend in regulation along a set nutritional trajectory. Further examination of the amount eaten when confined to a single food source, showed a higher consumption rate of the carbohydrate rich foods (p7:c35 and p14:c28). Analysis also showed a narrower range of protein intake when compared to carbohydrate. Accordingly, behavioral data indicate a pattern of consumption following seasonal shifts.

Wynalda, Rachel Anne

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Sp1 and CREB regulate basal transcription of the human SNF2L gene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Imitation Switch (ISWI) is a member of the SWI2/SNF2 superfamily of ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers, which are involved in multiple nuclear functions, including transcriptional regulation, replication, and chromatin assembly. Mammalian genomes encode two ISWI orthologs, SNF2H and SNF2L. In order to clarify the molecular mechanisms governing the expression of human SNF2L gene, we functionally examined the transcriptional regulation of human SNF2L promoter. Reporter gene assays demonstrated that the minimal SNF2L promoter was located between positions -152 to -86 relative to the transcription start site. In this region we have identified a cAMP-response element (CRE) located at -99 to -92 and a Sp1-binding site at -145 to -135 that play a critical role in regulating basal activity of human SNF2L gene, which were proven by deletion and mutation of specific binding sites, EMSA, and down-regulating Sp1 and CREB via RNAi. This study provides the first insight into the mechanisms that control basal expression of human SNF2L gene.

Xia Yu; Jiang Baichun; Zou Yongxin; Gao Guimin; Shang Linshan; Chen Bingxi; Liu Qiji [Key Laboratory for Experimental Teratology of the Ministry of Education and Institute of Medical Genetics, Shandong University School of Medicine, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China); Gong Yaoqin [Key Laboratory for Experimental Teratology of the Ministry of Education and Institute of Medical Genetics, Shandong University School of Medicine, Jinan, Shandong 250012 (China)], E-mail: yxg8@sdu.edu.cn

2008-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

397

Oil and Gas Data  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... API Percent Difference from Annual Average Heating Degree Days Jan-Apr Average Range Lower Operational Inventory =18.5 Million ... Heating demand ...

398

Geographic patterns of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel burning, hydraulic cement production, and gas flaring on a one degree by one degree grid cell basis: 1950 to 1990  

SciTech Connect

Data sets of one degree latitude by one degree longitude carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions in units of thousand metric tons of carbon (C) per year from anthropogenic sources have been produced for 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980 and 1990. Detailed geographic information on CO{sub 2} emissions can be critical in understanding the pattern of the atmospheric and biospheric response to these emissions. Global, regional and national annual estimates for 1950 through 1992 were published previously. Those national, annual CO{sub 2} emission estimates were based on statistics on fossil-fuel burning, cement manufacturing and gas flaring in oil fields as well as energy production, consumption and trade data, using the methods of Marland and Rotty. The national annual estimates were combined with gridded one-degree data on political units and 1984 human populations to create the new gridded CO{sub 2} emission data sets. The same population distribution was used for each of the years as proxy for the emission distribution within each country. The implied assumption for that procedure was that per capita energy use and fuel mix is uniform over a political unit. The consequence of this first-order procedure is that the spatial changes observed over time are solely due to changes in national energy consumption and nation-based fuel mix. Increases in emissions over time are apparent for most areas.

Brenkert, A.L. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Andres, R.J. [Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States). Inst. of Northern Engineering; Marland, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Div.; Fung, I. [Univ. of Victoria, British Columbia (Canada)]|[National Aeronautics and Space Administration, New York, NY (United States). Goddard Inst. for Space Studies; Matthews, E. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)]|[National Aeronautics and Space Administration, New York, NY (United States). Goddard Inst. for Space Studies

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Complete genome sequence of Nitrosomonas sp. Is79, an ammonia oxidizing bacterium adapted to low ammonium concentrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nitrosomonas sp. Is79 is a chemolithoautotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterium that belongs to the family Nitrosomonadaceae within the phylum Proteobacteria. Ammonia oxidation is the first step of nitrification, an important process in the global nitrogen cycle ultimately resulting in the production of nitrate. Nitrosomonas sp. Is79 is an ammonia oxidizer of high interest because it is adapted to low ammonium and can be found in freshwater environments around the world. The 3,783,444-bp chromosome with a total of 3,553 protein coding genes and 44 RNA genes was sequenced by the DOE-Joint Genome Institute Program CSP 2006.

Bollmann, Annette [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Sedlacek, Christopher J [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Laanbroek, Hendrikus J [Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW); Suwa, Yuichi [Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan; Stein, Lisa Y [University of California, Riverside; Klotz, Martin G [University of Louisville, Louisville; Arp, D J [Oregon State University; Sayavedra-Soto, LA [Oregon State University; Lu, Megan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pennacchio, Len [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Deshpande, Shweta [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Peters, Lin [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ovchinnikova, Galina [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Comparison of cracking kinetics for Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} residuum and Midway Sunset crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} residuum and Midway Sunset crude oil were examined by micropyrolysis at several constant-heating rates to determine pyrolysis cracking kinetics. Determined by the discrete distribution method, both feeds exhibited principal activation energies of 50 kcal/mol and frequency factors {approximately} 10{sup 13} sec{sup -1}. Energy distributions were similar ranging from 45 to 57 kcal/mol. Determined by the shift-in-T{sub max} method, E{sub approx}, A{sub approx} for Kern River 650{degrees}F{sup +} and Midway Sunset were 48 kcal/mol, 1.3 X 10{sup 12} sec{sup -1}, and 46 kcal/mol, 4.6 X 10{sup 11} sec{sup -1}, respectively. These results are similar, but not identical to other kinetic parameters for heavy oils from type II source rocks.

Reynolds, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Associate degree coal mining technology programs in Illinois community colleges: perceptions of the graduates concerning the effectiveness of their preparation  

SciTech Connect

This study determined the perceptions of Illinois community college graduates of mining technology associate degree programs for the period May 1974 to May 1980. The three community colleges offering the programs were Rend Lake College, Southeastern Illinois College, and Wabash Valley College. A questionnaire was formulated and mailed in the Fall of 1981 to the subject graduates and (with two follow-ups) achieved a 53.0% response rate, or 283 of the 534 graduates with current addresses. (Of the total 634 graduates, 100 questionnaires were not deliverable by the post office). Based upon the analysis of data related to the research questions of the study, certain conclusions were drawn, namely: 1) the curriculum content, instructional quality, and facilities were at an acceptable level for the preparation of coal mining technology students; and 2) the Illinois associate degree coal mining technology programs have been functional in preparing students for mining careers.

Heaton, E.R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

{100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100>, semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices  

SciTech Connect

Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, {100}<100> or 45.degree.-rotated {100}<100> oriented, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Large (and Small) Energy Fluctuations in a Single Classical Degree of Freedom and the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

Energy fluctuations in a single classical degree of freedom above the ground state at thermodynamic equilibrium at temperature T are typically of average magnitude {approx}k{sub B}T. However, we show that the average magnitude of such fluctuations can be much larger (or much smaller) than k{sub B}T, indeed, that at least in principle it can be infinite (or arbitrarily close to 0). Nevertheless, the average energy fluctuation magnitude being untypically large (or untypically small) does not violate the second law of thermodynamics. For, if the average magnitude of energy fluctuations is much larger than k{sub B}T, then particle motion along the degree of freedom must manifest extreme spatial delocalization. The cost of locating the fluctuating particle along its degree of freedom equals or exceeds the large energy gain obtained upon finding it with an energy of much more than k{sub B}T above its ground state. The particle loses as much or more ability to do work via its spatial delocalization than it gains via the energy fluctuation. Similarly, if the average magnitude of energy fluctuations is much smaller than k{sub B}T, then the small energy yield obtainable upon locating the particle is compensated for by the small cost of locating it.

Denur, Jack [Electric and Gas Technology, Inc., 3233 West Kingsley Road, Garland, Texas 75041-2205 (United States)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

file://S:\SP\McLaughlin\May 2007 OR CIC Report\2006_OR_CIC_Repo  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspection of Inspection of Classification and Information Control Programs at the Oak Ridge Office, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, East Tennessee Technology Park, and the United States Enrichment Corporation American Centrifuge Technology Program May 2007 Prepared by Office of Security Evaluations Office of Independent Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security Office of the Secretary of Energy Table of Contents Abbreviations Used in This Report 1.0 Introduction Page 1 of 9 2006 ORO CIC Report 7/12/2007 file://S:\SP\McLaughlin\May 2007 OR CIC Report\2006_OR_CIC_Report.htm 2.0 Status and Results 2.1 Program Administration 2.2 Authorities 2.3 Guidance 2.4 Training 2.5 Document Reviews 2.6 Program Evaluation

405

Biogenic formation of photoactive arsenic-sulfide nanotubes by Shewanella sp. strain HN-41  

SciTech Connect

Microorganisms facilitate the formation of a wide range of minerals that have unique physical and chemical properties as well as morphologies that are not produced by abiotic processes. Here, we report the production of an extensive extracellular network of filamentous, arsenic-sulfide (As-S) nanotubes (20–100 nm in diameter by 30 µm in length) by the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella sp. HN-41. The As-S nanotubes, formed via the reduction of As(V) and S2O, were initially amorphous As2S3 but evolved with increasing incubation time toward polycrystalline phases of the chalcogenide minerals realgar (AsS) and duranusite (As4S). Upon maturation, the As-S nanotubes behaved as metals and semiconductors in terms of their electrical and photoconductive properties, respectively. The As-S nanotubes produced by Shewanella may provide useful materials for novel nano- and opto-electronic devices.

Lee, Ji-Hoon; Kim, Min-Gyu; Yoo, Bongyoung; Myung, Nosang V.; Maeng, Jongsun; Lee, Takhe; Dohnalkova, Alice; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Sadowsky, Michael J.; Hur, Hor-Gil

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

406

A reliability and mass perspective of SP-100 Stirling cycle lunar-base powerplant designs  

SciTech Connect

The purpose was to obtain reliability and mass perspectives on selection of space power system conceptual designs based on SP-100 reactor and Stirling cycle power-generation subsystems. The approach taken was to: (1) develop a criterion for an acceptable overall reliability risk as a function of the expected range of emerging technology subsystem unit reliabilities; (2) conduct reliability and mass analyses for a diverse matrix of 800-kWe lunar-base design configurations employing single and multiple powerplants with both full and partial subsystem redundancy combinations; and (3) derive reliability and mass perspectives on selection of conceptual design configurations that meet an acceptable reliability criterion with the minimum system mass increase relative to reference powerplant design. The developed perspectives provided valuable insight into the considerations required to identify and characterize high-reliability and low-mass lunar-base powerplant conceptual design.

Bloomfield, H.S.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Saccharification of corn fiber using enzymes from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1  

SciTech Connect

Crude enzyme preparations from Aureobasidium sp. strain NRRL Y-2311-1 were characterized and tested for the capacity to saccharify corn fiber. Cultures grown on xylan, corn fiber, and alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP)-pretreated corn fiber produced specific levels of endoxylanase, amylase, protease, cellulose, and other activities. Using equal units of endoxylanase activity, crude enzymes from AHP-pretreated corn fiber cultures were most effective in saccharification. Multiple enzyme activities were implicated in this process. Pretreatment of corn fiber with AHP nearly doubled the susceptibility of hemicellulose to enzymatic digestion. Up to 138 mg xylose, 125 mg arabinose, and 490 mg glucose were obtained per g pretreated corn fiber under conditions tested. 31 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Leathers, T.D.; Gupta, S.C. [Dept. of Agriculture, Peoria, IL (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Effect of exogenous electron shuttles on growth and fermentative metabolism in Clostridium sp. BC1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the influence exogenous electron shuttles on the growth and glucose fermentative metabolism of Clostridium sp. BC1 was investigated. Bicarbonate addition to mineral salts (MS) medium accelerated growth and glucose fermentation which shifted acidogenesis (acetic- and butyric-acids) towards solventogenesis (ethanol and butanol). Addition of ferrihydrite, anthraquinone disulfonate, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in bicarbonate to growing culture showed no significant influence on fermentative metabolism. In contrast, methyl viologen (MV) enhanced ethanol- and butanol-production by 28- and 12-fold, respectively with concomitant decrease in hydrogen, acetic- and butyric-acids compared to MS medium. The results show that MV addition affects hydrogenase activity with a significant reduction in hydrogen production and a shift in the direction of electron flow towards enhanced production of ethanol and butanol.

Yarlagadda V. N.; Francis A.; Gupta, A.; Dodge, C. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Operators, Correlators and Free Fermions for SO(N) and Sp(N)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the recently constructed basis for local operators in free SO(N) gauge theory we derive an exact formula for the correlation functions of multi trace operators. This formula is used to obtain a simpler form and a simple product rule for the operators in the SO(N) basis. The coefficients of the product rule are the Littlewood-Richardson numbers which determine the corresponding product rule in free U(N) gauge theory. SO(N) gauge theory is dual to a non-oriented string theory on the AdS_5xRP^5 geometry. To explore the physics of this string theory we consider the limit of the gauge theory that, for the U(N) gauge theory, is dual to the pp-wave limit of AdS_5xS^5. Non-planar unoriented ribbon diagrams do not survive this limit. We give arguments that the number of operators in our basis matches counting using the exact free field partition function of free SO(N) gauge theory. We connect the basis we have constructed to free fermions, which has a natural interpretation in terms of a class of 1/2-BPS bubbling geometries, which arise as orientifolds of type IIB string theory. Finally, we obtain a complete generalization of these results to Sp(N) gauge theory by proving that the finite N physics of SO(N) and Sp(N) gauge theory are related by exchanging symmetrizations and antisymmetrizations and replacing N by -N.

Pawel Caputa; Robert de Mello Koch; Pablo Diaz

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

410

Analyzing kinematics and solving active/constrained forces of a 4-dof 3sps+sp parallel manipulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel 3SPS+SP parallel manipulator (PM) with 4-dof is proposed. Its kinematics and statics are analyzed systematically. The analytic formulae for solving the displacement, velocity, acceleration, workspace, active forces and constrained force are derived. ... Keywords: Active force, Constrained force, Kinematics, Parallel manipulator, Workspace

Yi Lu; Bo Hu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Thinness of the Ocean in S–?–p Space and the Implications for Mean Diapycnal Advection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the ocean’s hydrography occupies little volume in the three-dimensional space defined by salinity–temperature–pressure (S–?–p), and the implications of this observation for the mean vertical transport across density surfaces are ...

Trevor J. McDougall; David R. Jackett

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

High-Fidelity Manikin-Based Simulation: A Study of Implications for Interprofessional Healthcare Practitioner Education at the Associate Degree Level of Study.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Healthcare practitioner training programs, specifically at the associate degree level of study, have historically focused practitioner training efforts on discipline-specific programming and curricula. However, these… (more)

Fowler, Luster

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Nitin Bharadwaj; Kevin Widener

414

Thermodynamic properties of adsorbed mixtures of benzene and cyclohexane on graphitized carbon and activated charcoal at 30/degree/c  

SciTech Connect

Experimental data at 30/degree/C are reported for the adsorption of mixtures of benzene and cyclohexane on two types of carbon surface: graphitized carbon and activated charcoal. The properties of the adsorbed solution approach those of bulk liquid at vapor saturation for graphitized carbon, but not for activated charcoal. The mixtures adsorbed on graphitized carbon are nonideal, and the deviations from ideality increase with surface coverage. For activated charcoal, the adsorbed mixtures are nearly ideal at all coverages. Mixture behavior for both adsorbents can be predicted without using experimental data for the adsorbed mixtures. 11 refs.

Myers, A.L.; Minka, C.; Ou, D.Y.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Experimental studies of oxygen isotope fractionation in the carbonic acid system at 15, 25, and 40 (degrees)C  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In light of recent studies that show oxygen isotope fractionation in carbonate minerals to be a function of HCO3 2-; and CO3 2- concentrations, the oxygen isotope fractionation and exchange between water and components of the carbonic acid system (HCO3 2-, CO3 2-, and CO2(aq)) were investigated at 15, 25, and 40 (degrees)C. To investigate oxygen isotope exchange between HCO3 2-, CO3 -2, and H2O, NaHCO3 solutions were prepared and the pH was adjusted over a range of 2 to 12 by the addition of small amounts of HCl or NaOH. After thermal, chemical, and isotopic equilibrium was attained, BaCl2 was added to the NaHCO3 solutions. This resulted in immediate BaCO3 precipitation; thus, recording the isotopic composition of the dissolved inorganic carbon. Data from experiments at 15, 25, and 40 (degrees)C (1 atm) show that the oxygen isotope fractionation between HCO3 2-; and H2O as a function of temperature is governed by the equation: 1000 ;HCO3--H2O = 2.66 + 0.05(106T-2) + 1.18 + 0.52. where is the fractionation factor and T is in kelvins. The temperature dependence of oxygen isotope fractionation between CO32 and H2O is 1000 CO32--H2O = 2.28 + 0.03(106T-2) - 1.50 + 0.29. The oxygen isotope fractionation between CO2(aq) and H2O was investigated by acid stripping CO2(aq) from low pH solutions; these data yield the following equation: 1000 CO2(aq)-H2O = 2.52 + 0.03(106T-2) + 12.12 + 0.33. The kinetics of oxygen isotope exchange were also investigated. The half-times for exchange between HCO3- and H2O were 3.6, 1.4, and 0.25 h at 15, 25, and 40 (degrees)C, respectively. The half-times for exchange between CO2 and H2O were 1200, 170, and 41 h at 15, 25, and 40 (degrees) C, respectively. These results show that the 18O of the total dissolved inorganic carbon species can vary as much as 17 at a constant temperature. This could result in temperature independent variations in the 18O of precipitated carbonate minerals, especially in systems that are not chemically buffered.

Beck, William Cory

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Structure and Energy of the 90 degree sign Partial Dislocation in Diamond: A Combined Ab Initio and Elasticity Theory Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The core structure and stability of the 90 degree sign partial dislocation in diamond is studied within isotropic elasticity theory and ab initio total energy calculations. The double-period reconstruction is found to be more stable than the single-period reconstruction for a broad range of stress states. The analysis of the ab initio results shows further that elasticity theory is valid for dislocation spacings as small as 10-20 Angstrom, thus allowing ab initio calculations to provide reliable parameters for continuum theory analysis. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Blase, X. [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Departement de Physique des Materiaux, U.M.R. No. 5586, 43 Bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, (France); Lin, Karin [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Canning, A. [NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Louie, S. G. [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Chrzan, D. C. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

417

Graduate Student Graduate Degrees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Allan Kirkpatrick ................Fluid Dynamics, Heat Transfer in Buildings and Engines Prof. Anthony vehicles; building and transportation systems; laser diagnostics, atmospheric plasmas, and computational Modeling and Computational Fluid Dynamics Prof. W.S. Sampath.........................Photovoltaic Solar

418

Zero Degree Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detection Abstract Perhaps the most poorly understood aspect of hadron physics at Collider energies is particle production at very small angles. The fact that we know so little...

419

Graduate Student Graduate Degrees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...........................Photovoltaic Solar Cell Manufacturing Dr. Steven Schaeffer ....................Rapid/Flexible Tooling, Casting

420

Brief History Degrees Offered  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) · Titan (world's most powerful computer) · ORNL Technical at ORNL) Research Collaboration with local Centers of Excellence For more information, see our Annual Tenure/Tenure Track faculty; 5 are joint with ORNL · 20 Research faculty (6 full-time) and 25 Adjunct

Tennessee, University of

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421

The herd behavior index: A new measure for the implied degree of co-movement in stock markets’, Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new and easy-to-calculate measure for the expected degree of herd behavior or co-movement between stock prices. This forward looking measure is model-independent and based on observed option data. It is baptized the Herd Behavior Index (HIX). The degree of co-movement in a stock market can be determined by comparing the observed market situation with the extreme (theoretical) situation under which the whole system is driven by a single factor. The HIX is then de…ned as the ratio of an option-based estimate of the risk-neutral variance of the market index and an option-based estimate of the corresponding variance in case of the extreme single factor market situation. The HIX can be determined for any market index provided an appropriate series of vanilla options is traded on this index as well as on its components. As an illustration, we determine historical values of the 30-days HIX for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, covering the period January 2003 to October 2009.

Jan Dhaene; Daniël Linders; Wim Schoutens; David Vyncke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

p-Hydroxyphenyl (H) Units Lower the Degree of Polymerization in Lignin: Chemical Control in Lignin Biosynthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lignin, composed predominantly of p-hydroxyphenyl (H), guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) subunits, is a major component of plant cell walls that imparts resistance toward chemical and microbial deconstruction of plant biomass, rendering its conversion inefficient and costly. Previous studies have shown that alterating lignin composition, i.e., the relative abundance of H, G and S subunits, promises more efficient extraction of sugars from plant biomass. Smaller and less branched lignin chains are more easily extracted during pretreatment, making cellulose more readily degradable. Here, using density functional theory calculations, we show that the incorporation of H subunits into lignin via b-b and b-5 interunit linkages reduces the degree of polymerization in lignin. Frontier molecular orbital analyses of lignin dimers and trimers show that H as a terminal subunit on a growing lignin polymer linked via b-b and b-5 linkage cannot undergo radical formation, preventing further chain growth by endwise polymerization resulting in lignin polymers with lower degree of polymerization. These results indicate that, for endwise polymerization in lignin synthesis, there exists a chemical control that may lay a significant role in determining the structure of lignin.

Sangha, A. K.; Parks, J. M.; Davis, M. F.; Smith, J. C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

PU(2) monopoles. II: Top-level Seiberg-Witten moduli spaces and Witten's conjecture in low degrees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we complete the proof---for a broad class of four-manifolds---of Witten's conjecture that the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten series coincide, at least through terms of degree less than or equal to c-2, where c is a linear combination of the Euler characteristic and signature of the four-manifold. This article is a revision of sections 4--7 of an earlier version, while a revision of sections 1--3 of that earlier version now appear in a separate companion article (math.DG/0007190). Here, we use our computations of Chern classes for the virtual normal bundles for the Seiberg-Witten strata from the companion article (math.DG/0007190), a comparison of all the orientations, and the PU(2) monopole cobordism to compute pairings with the links of level-zero Seiberg-Witten moduli subspaces of the moduli space of PU(2) monopoles. These calculations then allow us to compute low-degree Donaldson invariants in terms of Seiberg-Witten invariants and provide a partial verification of Witten's conjecture.

Paul M. N. Feehan; Thomas G. Leness

1997-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

Technology transfer: Developing dual-degree programs with major universities in three energy-related careers. Final performance report  

SciTech Connect

In 1983, Fort Valley State University (FVSU) received start-up funds from the US Department of Energy`s Office of Minority Economic Impact to develop a Cooperative Developmental Energy Program (CDEP). The objective of CDEP is to develop a mutually beneficial long-term synergistic relationship among FVSU, two major universities, and the private and governmental sectors of the nation`s energy industry by creating a technology oriented labor base for minorities and women. FVSU accomplishes this objective by (1) developing dual-degree curricula with the University of Oklahoma and the University of Nevada at Las Vegas in energy related disciplines such as engineering, geosciences, and health physics; (2) by recruiting academically talented minority and female students to pursue careers in the above disciplines; and (3) by developing participatory alliances with major energy companies and governmental agencies via internship, co-op, and employment programs. Since its inception in 1983, CDEP has provided over 650 energy internships for FVSU students, they have gained over 250,000 hours of hands-on work experience, and earned over $3 million to help finance their education. Approximately, 900 students have been in the CDEP program. Over 30 have found employment in the energy industry and approximately 35 have gone on to earn Master`s or Ph.D. degrees.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Assessment of extent and degree of thermal damage to polymeric materials in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor building  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes assumptions and procedures used to perform thermal damage analysis caused by post loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) hydrogen deflagration at Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor. Examination of available photographic evidence yields data on the extent and range of thermal and burn damage. Thermal damage to susceptible material in accessible regions of the reactor building was distributed in non-uniform patterns. No clear explanation for non-uniformity was found in examined evidence, e.g., burned materials were adjacent to materials that appear similar but were not burned. Because these items were in proximity to vertical openings that extend the height of the reactor building, we assume the unburned materials preferentially absorbed water vapor during periods of high, local steam concentration. A control pendant from the polar crane located in the top of the reactor building sustained asymmetric burn damage of decreasing degree from top to bottom. Evidence suggests the polar-crane pendant side that experienced heaviest damage was exposed to intense radiant energy from a transient fire plume in the reactor containment volume. Simple hydrogen-fire-exposure tests and heat transfer calculations approximate the degree of damage found on inspected materials from the containment building and support for an estimated 8% pre-fire hydrogen.

Alvares, N.J.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Effects of neutron irradiation on fatigue and creep-fatigue crack propagation in type 316 stainless steel at 649 degree C produced no significant effect on the crack propagation rate when compared with unirradiated steel tested at 649 degree C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fatigue and creep-fatigue crack propagation performance of Type 316 stainless steel has been investigated following fast neutron (n) irradiation. The purpose was to evaluate the effects of neutron fluence and temperature on the crack propagation resistance and failure mode of the steel. Results are presented from fatigue tests of the annealed steel that were irradiated at 649 degree C Scanning electron microscope examination of the fracture surfaces of the tested specimens revealed that the failure mode of the specimens which exhibited increased crack propagation rates was primarily intergranular while a transgranular mode was observed for specimens with lower crack propagation rates. The results point toward a synergistic relationship between thermomechanical history, precipitate formation, and hold time effects as the responsible mechanism for the crack propagation performance.

Michel, D.J.; Smith, H.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

V-159: RSA SecurID Agent Discloses Node Secret Encryption Key...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agent Discloses Node Secret Encryption Key to Local Users PLATFORM: RSA Authentication API versions prior to 8.1 SP1 RSA Web Agent for Apache Web Server versions prior to 5.3.5...

428

An integrative approach to energy, carbon, and redox metabolism in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803  

SciTech Connect

The broader goal of this project was to merge knowledge from genomic, metabolic, ultrastructural and other perspectives to understand how cyanobacteria live, adapt and are regulated. This understanding aids in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology efforts using this group of organisms that contribute greatly to global photosynthetic CO2 fixation and that are closely related to the ancestors of chloroplasts. This project focused on photosynthesis and respiration in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, which is spontaneously transformable and has a known genome sequence. Modification of these fundamental processes in this organism can lead to improved carbon sequestration and hydrogen production, as well as to generation of high-quality biomass. In our GTL-supported studies at Arizona State University we focus on cell structure and cell physiology in Synechocystis, with particular emphasis on thylakoid membrane formation and on metabolism related to photosynthesis and respiration. Results on (a) thylakoid membrane biogenesis, (b) fluxes through central carbon utilization pathways, and (c) distribution mechanisms between carbon storage compounds are presented. Together, these results help pave the way for metabolic engineering efforts that are likely to result in improved solar-powered carbon sequestration and bioenergy conversion. Fueled by the very encouraging results obtained in this project, we already have attracted interest from major companies in the use of cyanobacteria for biofuel production.

Vermaas, Willem F.J.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

429

Shewanella loihica sp. nov., isolated from iron-rich microbial mats in the Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect

A novel marine bacterial strain, PV-4T, isolated from a microbial mat located at a hydrothermal vent of Loihi Seamount in the Pacific Ocean, has been characterized. This micro-organism is orange in color, Gram-negative, polarly flagellated, facultatively anaerobic and psychrotolerant (temperature range, 0-42 C). No growth was observed with nitrate, nitrite, DMSO or thiosulfate as the electron acceptor and lactate as the electron donor. The major fatty acid detected in strain PV-4T was iso-C15 : 0. Strain PV-4T had ubiquinones consisting mainly of Q-7 and Q-8, and possessed menaquinone MK-7. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 53.8 mol% and the genome size was about 4.5 Mbp. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed PV-4T within the genus Shewanella. PV-4T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity levels of 99.6 and 97.5 %, respectively, with respect to the type strains of Shewanella aquimarina and Shewanella marisflavi. DNA from strain PV-4T showed low mean levels of relatedness to the DNAs of S. aquimarina (50.5%) and S. marisflavi (8.5%). On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, the bacterium was classified in the genus Shewanella within a distinct novel species, for which the name Shewanella loihica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is PV-4T (=ATCC BAA-1088T=DSM 17748T).

Gao, Haichun; Obraztova, Anna; Stewart, Nathan; Popa, Radu; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Tiedje, James M.; Nealson, Kenneth; Zhou, Jizhong

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

430

A novel meta-cleavage product hydrolase from Flavobacterium sp. ATCC27551  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The organophosphate degrading (opd) gene cluster of plasmid pPDL2 of Flavobacterium sp. ATCC27551 contains a novel open-reading frame, orf243. This was predicted to encode an {alpha}/{beta} hydrolase distantly related to the meta-fission product (MFP) hydrolases such as XylF, PhnD, and CumD. By homology modeling Orf243 has most of the structural features of MFP hydrolases including the characteristic active site catalytic triad. The purified protein (designated MfhA) is a homotetramer and shows similar affinity for 2-hydroxy-6-oxohepta-2,4-dienoate (HOHD), 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde (HMSA), and 2-hydroxy-5-methylmuconic semialdehyde (HMMSA), the meta-fission products of 3-methyl catechol, catechol, and 4-methyl catechol. The unique catalytic properties of MfhA and the presence near its structural gene of cis-elements required for transposition suggest that mfhA has evolved towards encoding a common hydrolase that can act on meta-fission products containing either aldehyde or ketone groups.

Khajamohiddin, Syed [Department of Animal Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Babu, Pakala Suresh [Department of Animal Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Chakka, Deviprasanna [Department of Animal Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India); Merrick, Mike [Department of Molecular Microbiology, John Innes Centre, NR4 7UH Norwich (United Kingdom); Bhaduri, Anirban [National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, UAS-GKVK Campus, Bangalore 560065 (India); Sowdhamini, Ramanathan [National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, UAS-GKVK Campus, Bangalore 560065 (India); Siddavattam, Dayananda [Department of Animal Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India)]. E-mail: sdsl@uohyd.ernet.in

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

431

Thermostabilization of desulfurization enzymes from Rhodococcos sp. IGTS8. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop thermophilic cultures capable of expressing the desulfurization (dsz) operon of Rhodococcus sp. IGTS8. The approaches taken in this project included the development of plasmid and integrative expression vectors that function well in Thermus thermophilus, the cloning of Rhodococcus dsz genes in Thermus expression vectors, and the isolation of bacterial cultures that express the dsz operon at thermophilic temperatures. This project has resulted in the development of plasmid and integrative expression vectors for use in T. thermophilus. The dsz genes have been expressed at moderately thermophilic temperatures (52 C) in Mycobacterium phlei and at temperatures as high as 72 C in T. thermophilus. The tools and methods developed in this project will be generally useful for the expression of heterologous genes in Thermus. Key developments in the project have been the isolation of a Mycobacterium phlei culture capable of expressing the desulfurization operon at 52 C, development of plasmid and integrative expression vectors for Thermus thermophilus, and the development of a host-vector system based on the malate dehydrogenase gene that allows plasmids to be stably maintained in T. thermophilus and provides a convenient reporter gene for the accurate quantification of gene expression. Publications have been prepared regarding each of these topics; these preprints are included.

John J. Kilbane II

2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Computational evaluation of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 metabolism for chemical production  

SciTech Connect

Cyanobacteria are ideal metabolic engineering platforms for carbon-neutral biotechnology because they directly convert CO2 to a range of valuable products. In this study, we present a computational assessment of biochemical production in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (Synechococcus 7002), a fast growing cyanobacterium whose genome has been sequenced, and for which genetic modification methods have been developed. We evaluated the maximum theoretical yields (mol product per mol CO2 or mol photon) of producing various chemicals under photoautotrophic and dark conditions using a genome-scale metabolic model of Synechococcus 7002. We found that the yields were lower under dark conditions, compared to photoautotrophic conditions, due to the limited amount of energy and reductant generated from glycogen. We also examined the effects of photon and CO2 limitations on chemical production under photoautotrophic conditions. In addition, using various computational methods such as MOMA, RELATCH, and OptORF, we identified gene-knockout mutants that are predicted to improve chemical production under photoautotrophic and/or dark anoxic conditions. These computational results are useful for metabolic engineering of cyanobacteria to synthesize valueadded products.

Vu, Trang; Hill, Eric A.; Kucek, Leo A.; Konopka, Allan; Beliaev, Alex S.; Reed, Jennifer L.

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

433

Kinetics and energy states of nanoclusters in the initial stage of homogeneous condensation at high supersaturation degrees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The condensation of metal vapor in an inert gas is studied by the molecular dynamics method. Two condensation regimes are investigated: with maintenance of partial pressure of the metal vapor and with a fixed number of metal atoms in the system. The main focus is the study of the cluster energy distribution over the degrees of freedom and mechanisms of the establishment of thermal equilibrium. It is shown that the internal temperature of a cluster considerably exceeds the buffer gas temperature and the thermal balance is established for a time considerably exceeding the nucleation time. It is found that, when the metal vapor concentration exceeds 0.1 of the argon concentration, the growth of clusters with the highest possible internal energy occurs, the condensation rate being determined only by the rate of heat removal from clusters.

Vorontsov, A. G., E-mail: sas@physics.susu.ac.ru [South Ural State University (Russian Federation); Gel'chinskii, B. R.; Korenchenko, A. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Electric-Field Enhancement by Nodular Defects in Multilayer Coatings Irradiated at Normal and 45 (degree) Incidence  

SciTech Connect

The standing-wave electric-field profile within multilayer coatings is significantly perturbated by a nodular defect. The intensity, which is proportional to the electric field squared, is increased in the high index material by {>=}3x at normal incidence and {>=}12x at 45 degrees incidence angle. Therefore it is not surprising that nodular defects are initiation sites of laser-induced damage. In this study, the impact of reflectance-band centering and incident angle are explored for a 1 {micro}m diameter nodular defect seed overcoated with a 24 layer high-reflector constructed of quarter-wave thick alternating layers of hafnia and silica. The modeling was performed using a three-dimensional finite-element analysis code.

Stolz, C J; Genin, F Y; Pistor,T V

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

Moderate Degree of Input Negative Entropy Flow and Decrease of Entropy in Astrophysics, Biology, Psychology and Social Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics have been applied to astronomy, biology, psychology, some social systems and so on. But, various evolutions from astronomy to biology and social systems cannot be only increase of entropy. When fluctuations are magnified due to internal interactions, the statistical independence and the second law of the thermodynamics are not hold. The existence of internal interactions is necessary condition of decrease of entropy in isolated system. We calculate quantitatively the entropy of plasma. Then we discuss the thermodynamics of biology, and obtain a mathematical expression on moderate degree of input negative entropy flow, which is a universal scientific law. Further, the thermodynamics of physiology and psychology, and the thought field are introduced. Qigong and various religious practices are related to these states of order, in which decrease of entropy is shown due to internal interactions of the isolated systems. Finally we discuss possible decrease of entropy in some social systems.

Yi-Fang Chang

2009-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

436

Quantitative comparison between the degree of domain orientation and nonlinear properties of a PZT ceramic during electrical and mechanical loading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The macroscopic electromechanical coupling properties of ferroelectric polycrystals are composed of linear and nonlinear contributions. The nonlinear contribution is typically associated with the extrinsic effects related to the creation and motion of domain walls. To quantitatively compare the macroscopic nonlinear properties of a lead zirconate titanate ceramic and the degree of domain orientation, in-situ neutron and high-energy x-ray diffraction experiments are performed and they provide the domain orientation density as a function of the external electric field and mechanical compression. Furthermore, the macroscopic strain under the application of external electrical and mechanical loads is measured and the nonlinear strain is calculated by means of the linear intrinsic piezoelectric effect and the linear intrinsic elasticity. The domain orientation density and the nonlinear strain show the same dependence on the external load. The scaling factor that relates to the two values is constant and is the same for both electrical and mechanical loadings.

Marsilius, Mie; Granzow, Torsten; Jones, Jacob L. (Florida); (Darmstadt)

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

437

POSSIBLE CHANGES OF STATE AND RELEVANT TIMESCALES FOR A NEUTRON STAR IN LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303  

SciTech Connect

The properties of the short, energetic bursts recently observed from the {gamma}-ray binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 are typical of those showed by high magnetic field neutron stars (NSs) and thus provide a strong indication in favor of a NS being the compact object in the system. Here, we discuss the transitions among the states accessible to a NS in a system like LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303, such as the ejector, propeller, and accretor phases, depending on the NS spin period, magnetic field, and rate of mass captured. We show how the observed bolometric luminosity ({approx}> few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 35} erg s{sup -1}) and its broadband spectral distribution indicate that the compact object is most probably close to the transition between working as an ejector all along its orbit and being powered by the propeller effect when it is close to the orbit periastron, in a so-called flip-flop state. By assessing the torques acting onto the compact object in the various states, we follow the spin evolution of the system, evaluating the time spent by the system in each of them. Even taking into account the constraint set by the observed {gamma}-ray luminosity, we found that the total age of the system is compatible with being Almost-Equal-To 5-10 kyr, comparable to the typical spin-down ages of high-field NSs. The results obtained are discussed in the context of the various evolutionary stages expected for a NS with a high-mass companion.

Papitto, A.; Torres, D. F.; Rea, N. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC) Campus UAB, Fac. de Ciencies, Torre C5 parell, 2a planta, E-08193 Barcelona (Spain)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

438

An abstract-device interface for implementing portable parallel-I/O interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Portable parallel programming has been hampered by the lack of a single, standard, portable application-programmer`s interface (API) for parallel I/O. Instead, the programmer must choose from several different APIs, many of which are not portable. To alleviate this problem, the authors have developed an abstract-device interface for parallel I/O, called ADIO. ADIO is not intended as a new API; rather, it is a strategy for implementing other APIs in a simple, portable, and efficient manner. ADIO facilitates the implementation of any existing or new API on any existing or new file system. ADIO thus enables users to experiment with different APIs, a feature that, they think, would help in the definition of a standard API. It also makes existing applications portable across a wide range of platforms. In this paper, they introduce the concept of ADIO. They describe the design of ADIO and its use in implementing APIs. They have currently implemented subsets of the Intel PFS, IBM PIOFS, and MPI-IO APIs on both the PFS and PIOFS file systems. As a result, they are able to run IBM PIOFS applications on the Intel Paragon, Intel PFS applications on the IBM SP, and MPI-IO applications on both systems. They report performance results obtained from two test programs and one real production application on the SP and Paragon. These results indicate that the performance overhead of using ADIO as an implementation strategy is negligible.

Thakur, R.; Gropp, W.; Lusk, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Science Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Design and Control of a Compact 6-Degree-of-Freedom Precision Positioner with Linux- Based Real-Time Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents the design, control, and implementation of a compact highprecision multidimensional positioner. This precision-positioning system consists of a novel concentrated-field magnet matrix and a triangular single-moving part that carries three 3-phase permanent-magnet planar-levitation-motor armatures. Since only a single levitated moving part, namely the platen, generates all required fine and coarse motions, this positioning system is reliable and potentially cost-effective. The three planar levitation motors based on the Lorentz-force law not only produce the vertical force to levitate the triangular platen but also control the platen's position and orientation in the horizontal plane. Three laser distance sensors are used to measure vertical, x-, and yrotation motions. Three 2-axis Hall-effect sensors are used to determine lateral motions and rotation motion about the z-axis by measuring the magnetic flux density generated by the magnet matrix. This positioning system has a total mass of 1.52 kg, which is the minimized mass to produce better dynamic performance. In order to reduce the mass of the moving platen, it is made of Delrin with a mass density of 1.54 g/cm3 by Computer Numerical Controlled (CNC) machining. The platen can be regarded a pure mass, and the spring and damping effects are neglected except for the vertical dynamic. Single-input single-output (SISO) digital lead-lag controllers and a multivariable Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controller were designed and implemented. Real-time control was performed with the Linux-Ubuntu operating system OS. Real Time Application Interface (RTAI) for Linux works with Comedi and Comedi libraries and enables closed-loop real-time control. One of the key advantages of this positioning stage with Hall-effect sensors is the extended travel range and rotation angle in the horizontal mode. The maximum travel ranges of 220 mm in x and 200 mm in y were achieved experimentally. Since the magnet matrix generates periodical sinusoidal flux densities in the x-y plane, the travel range can be extended by increasing the number of magnet pitches. The rotation angle of 12 degrees was achieved in rotation around z. The angular velocities of 0.2094 rad/s and 4.74 rad/s were produced by a 200-mm-diameter circular motion and a 30-mm-diameter spiral motion, respectively. The maximum velocity of 16.25 mm/s was acquired from over one pitch motion. The maximum velocity of 17.5 mm/s in a 8-mm scanning motion was achieved with the acceleration of 72.4 m/s2. Step responses demonstrated a 10-um resolution and 6-um rms position noise in the translational mode. For the vertical mode, step responses of 5 um in z, 0.001 degrees in roation around x, and 0.001 degrees in rotation around y were achieved. This compact single-moving-part positioner has potential applications for precisionpositioning systems in semiconductor- manufacturing.

Yu, Ho

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Initiation and ontogeny of vesicles in cultured Frankia sp. strain HFPArI3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Removal of combined nitrogen from the medium of Frankia sp. strain HFPArI3 induced the formation of specialized structures, called vesicles, which are the proposed site of nitrogen fixation. After 5 to 8 h of culture on N-free medium, newly formed vesicles, termed provesicles arose from tips of some hyphae. These structures were spherical, phase dark, ca. 1.5 to 2.0 ..mu..m in diameter, and were not associated with acetylene reduction (nitrogenase) activity. Provesicles reached their greatest frequency after ca. 24 h of N-free culture. Provesicles increased in size to become mature vesicles which first appeared after 18 to 20 h of N-free culture. They were ca. 2.5 ..mu..m in diameter, phase bright, and reached their greatest frequency after 5 to 6 days, at which time nitrogenase activity peaked. Some vesicles eventually became damaged structurally and took on the appearance of ghosts. Transmission electron micrographs revealed an increase in size from provesicle to mature vesicle. Also evident with the micrographs were the presence of a septum between the young provesicle and parental hypha, the presence of glycogen in some young vesicles, the development of internal septations as vesicles matured, and the degradation of cytoplasm and internal septae in ghost vesicles. The extent to which the formation of vesicles is reversible by the addition of NH/sub 4//sup +/ was investigated. Commitment times of 3.2 and 6.5 h were obtained for provesicles and vesicles, respectively. A concentration-dependent inhibition of nitrogenase by NH/sub 4//sup +/ was demonstrated. The structure of preexisting vesicles was also affected by addition of NH/sub 4//sup +/ to the culture medium.

Fontaine, M.S.; Lancelle, S.A.; Torrey, J.G.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Reductive Disslocation of Pu(IV) by Clostridium sp. Under Anaerobic Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An anaerobic, gram positive, spore-forming bacterium Clostridium sp., common in soils and wastes, capable of reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II), Mn(IV) to Mn(II), Tc(VII) to Tc(IV), and U(VI) to U(IV), reduced Pu(IV) to Pu(III). Addition of 242Pu (IV)-nitrate to the bacterial growth medium at pH 6.4 resulted in the precipitation of Pu as amorphous Pu(OH)4 due to hydrolysis and polymerization reactions. The Pu (1 x 10-5 M) had no effect upon growth of the bacterium as evidenced by glucose consumption; carbon dioxide and hydrogen production; a decrease in pH of the medium from 6.4 to 3.0 due to production of acetic and butyric acids from glucose fermentation; and a change in the Eh of the culture medium from +50 to -180 mV. Commensurate with bacterial growth, Pu was rapidly solubilized as evidenced by an increase in Pu concentration in solution which passed through a 0.03 {mu}m filtration. Selective solvent extraction of the culture by thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) indicated the presence of a reduced Pu species in the soluble fraction. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopic (XANES) analysis of Pu in the culture sample at the Pu LIII absorption edge (18.054 keV) showed a shift of -3 eV compared to a Pu(IV) standard indicating reduction of Pu(IV) to Pu(III). These results suggest that, although Pu generally exists as insoluble Pu(IV) in the environment, under appropriate conditions, anaerobic microbial activity could affect the long-term stability and mobility of Pu by its reductive dissolution.

Francis,A.; Dodge, C.; Gillow, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

An Assessment of the Degree of Implementation of the Lean Aerospace Initiative Principles and Practices within the US Aerospace and Defense Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is a formal documentation of the results of an assessment of the degree to which Lean Principles and Practices have been implemented in the US Aerospace and Defense Industry. An Industry Association team prepared ...

Shaw, Thomas E.

443

Volatile compound evolution from the programmed temperature pyrolysis of Big Clifty and McKittrick tar sands at a 10 degrees C/min heating rate  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Big Clifty (Kentucky) and McKittrick (California) tar sands were pyrolyzed at a 10{degrees}C/min heating rate from room temperature to 900{degrees}C. The volatile compounds were detected on-line and in real time by tandem mass spectrometry using MS and MS/MS detection. This paper reports the programmed temperature pyrolysis behaviors of Big Clifty and McKittrick tar sands and compares their results. 48 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Reynolds, J.G.

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Pion production in nucleon-nucleon collisions in chiral effective field theory with Delta(1232)-degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculation of the pion-production operator up to next-to-next-to-leading order for s-wave pions is performed within chiral effective field theory. In the previous study [Phys. Rev. C 85, 054001 (2012)] we discussed the contribution of the pion-nucleon loops at the same order. Here we extend that study to include explicit Delta degrees of freedom and the 1/m_N^2 corrections to the pion-production amplitude. Using the power counting scheme where the Delta-nucleon mass difference is of the order of the characteristic momentum scale in the production process, we calculate all tree-level and loop diagrams involving Delta up to next-to-next-to-leading order. The long-range part of the Delta loop contributions is found to be of similar size to that from the pion-nucleon loops which supports the counting scheme. The net effect of pion-nucleon and Delta loops is expected to play a crucial role in understanding of the neutral pion production data.

A. A. Filin; V. Baru; E. Epelbaum; C. Hanhart; H. Krebs; F. Myhrer

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Genability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electricity api, power api, energy api, electricity rate api, power rate api, energy rate api, utility pricing, utility price, utility rate ValidationTesting Genability has...

446

The SCUBA HAlf Degree Extragalactic Survey (SHADES) - III. Identification of radio and mid-infrared counterparts to submillimetre galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining an accurate position for a submm galaxy (SMG) is the crucial step that enables us to move from the basic properties of an SMG sample - source counts and 2-D clustering - to an assessment of their detailed, multi-wavelength properties, their contribution to the history of cosmic star formation and their links with present-day galaxy populations. In this paper, we identify robust radio and/or IR counterparts, and hence accurate positions, for over two thirds of the SCUBA HAlf-Degree Extragalactic Survey (SHADES) Source Catalogue, presenting optical, 24-um and radio images of each SMG. Observed trends in identification rate have given no strong rationale for pruning the sample. Uncertainties in submm position are found to be consistent with theoretical expectations, with no evidence for significant additional sources of error. Employing the submm/radio redshift indicator, via a parameterisation appropriate for radio-identified SMGs with spectroscopic redshifts, yields a median redshift of 2.8 for the radio-identified subset of SHADES, somewhat higher than the median spectroscopic redshift. We present a diagnostic colour-colour plot, exploiting Spitzer photometry, in which we identify regions commensurate with SMGs at very high redshift. Finally, we find that significantly more SMGs have multiple robust counterparts than would be expected by chance, indicative of physical associations. These multiple systems are most common amongst the brightest SMGs and are typically separated by 2-6", or 15-50/(sin i) kpc at z ~ 2, consistent with early bursts seen in merger simulations.

R. J. Ivison; T. R. Greve; J. S. Dunlop; J. A. Peacock; E. Egami; Ian Smail; E. Ibar; E. van Kampen; I. Aretxaga; T. Babbedge; A. D. Biggs; A. W. Blain; S. C. Chapman; D. L. Clements; K. Coppin; D. Farrah; M. Halpern; D. H. Hughes; M. J. Jarvis; T. Jenness; J. R. Jones; A. M. J. Mortier; S. Oliver; C. Papovich; P. G. Perez-Gonzalez; A. Pope; S. Rawlings; G. H. Rieke; M. Rowan-Robinson; R. S. Savage; D. Scott; M. Seigar; S. Serjeant; C. Simpson; J. A. Stevens; M. Vaccari; J. Wagg; C. J. Willott

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

447

A MAGNETAR-LIKE EVENT FROM LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 AND ITS NATURE AS A GAMMA-RAY BINARY  

SciTech Connect

We report on the Swift Burst Alert Telescope detection of a short burst from the direction of the TeV binary LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303, resembling those generally labeled as magnetar-like. We show that it is likely that the short burst was indeed originating from LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 (although we cannot totally exclude the improbable presence of a far-away, line-of-sight magnetar) and that it is a different phenomenon with respect to the previously observed ks-long flares from this system. Accepting the hypothesis that LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 is the first magnetar detected in a binary system, we study those implications. We find that a magnetar-composed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 system would most likely be (i.e., for the usual magnetar parameters and mass-loss rate) subject to a flip-flop behavior, from a rotationally powered regime (in the apastron) to a propeller regime (in the periastron) along each of the LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 eccentric orbital motion. We prove that, unlike near an apastron, where an interwind shock can lead to the normally observed LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303 behavior, during TeV emission the periastron propeller is expected to efficiently accelerate particles only to sub-TeV energies. This flip-flop scenario would explain the system's behavior when a recurrent TeV emission only appears near the apastron, the anti-correlation of the GeV and TeV emission, and the long-term TeV variability (which seems correlated to LS I +61 Degree-Sign 303's super-orbital period), including the appearance of a low TeV state. Finally, we qualitatively put the multi-wavelength phenomenology into the context of our proposed model and make some predictions for further testing.

Torres, Diego F.; Rea, Nanda [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Torre C5, 2a planta, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Esposito, Paolo [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, localita Poggio dei Pini, strada 54, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy); Li Jian; Chen Yupeng; Zhang Shu [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049 (China)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dissolution of quartz in lead and sodium electrolyte solutions between 25 and 300[degrees]C: Effect of the nature of surface complexes and reaction affinity  

SciTech Connect

The dissolution rate of quartz has been measured at 25[degrees]C in batch reactors and at 200 and 300[degrees]C in mixed flow reactors. Those experiments have been carried out in both pure H[sub 2]O and solutions containing Na or Pb at various ionic strengths and pH. The measured rates were found to increase significantly with the addition of either Na or Pb. In an attempt to determine the mechanism of these effects, the degree of adsorption of Na and Pb were measured on amorphous silica at 25 and 150[degrees]C. At 25[degrees]C, Na is found to adsorb on the quartz surface as an outer-sphere complex, and the corresponding dissolution rate increase is explained by an increase of the ionic strength. By contrast, at 25[degrees], lead, which forms inner-sphere complexes, increases the quartz dissolution rate specifically. At high temperature, quartz dissolution is promoted in the presence of both Na and Pb by a pH-dependent formation of surface inner-sphere complexes. This effect tends to vanish when the degree of saturation of the solution increases, as a result of the competition between electrolyte and aqueous silica adsorption on quartz surface. These results show that the electrolytes which adsorb as inner-sphere complexes dominate the overall reaction at conditions far from equilibrium only. Consequently, for a large range of chemical affinity quartz dissolution in Na and Pb electrolyte solutions can be modeled within the framework of the Transition State Theory by simply taking into account the protonated surface species and the ionic strength of the solution.

Berger, G.; Cadore, E.; Schott, J. (Laboratoire de Geochimi, Toulouse (France)); Dove, P.M. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

SP-100 thermionic technology program annual integrated technical progress report for the period ending September 30, 1984  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The thermionic technology program addresses the feasibility issues of a seven-year-life thermionic fuel element (TFE) for the SP-100 Thermionic Reactor Space Power System. These issues relate to the extension of TFE lifetime from three to seven years, one of the SP-100 requirements. The technology to support three-year lifetimes was demonstrated in the earlier TFE development program conducted in the late-1960s and 1970s. Primary life-limiting factors were recognized to be thermionic emitter dimensional increases due to swelling of the nuclear fuel and electrical structural damage from fast neutrons. The 1984-85 technology program is investigating the fueled emitter and insulator lifetime issues, both experimentally and analytically. The goal is to analytically project the lifetime of the fueled emitter and insulator and to experimentally verify these projection methods. In 1984, the efforts were largely devoted to the design and building of fueled emitters for irradiation in 1985, validation of fuel-emitter models, development of irradiation-resistant metal-ceramic seal and sheath insulator, modeling of insulator lifetime, and development of wide-spread, high-performance thermionic converters.

Holland, J.W. (ed.)

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

International Degree (ID) and Engineering For complete information and admission requirements for the ID, refer to the "Passport to the International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

credits which apply toward the degree. The ID program advisor works closely with each student to help develop a unique program that meets their needs and future goals. Students will also work with a thesis a structural engineer on the Hanford vitrification design-build project How can I get started

Escher, Christine

451

A Study of the Severity of the Midwestern Winters of 1977 and 1978 Using Heating Degree Days Determined from Both Measured and Wind Chill Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The winters of 1976–77 and 1977–78 were severe by virtually any standard. In this study, heating degree day (NDD) accumulations for these two winters as well as for the 1941–70 normals are examined at 31 National Weather Service stations in ...

Patricia M. Dare

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The most important thing you can do is be conscious of your energy usage, particularly with your AC and heating. Every added degree wastes gobs of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and heating. Every added degree wastes gobs of energy, which can go unnoticed since you pay a flat utilities you whether an action, such as leaving your computer on, will waste energy. For more information with the lights on. Tuition going towards this energy waste could be spent more productively if we use lights only

Dobbins, Ian G.

453

Obtain a master's degree in social work from the fully-accredited School of Social Work at Colorado State University. The school is dedicated to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range of social work applications. The program's faculty represents a wide range of talents, expertise of this three-year program consists of foundation courses that follow the core areas of social work practiceOverview Obtain a master's degree in social work from the fully-accredited School of Social Work

454

Take your career to the next level with a bachelor's degree in Fire and Emergency Services Administration. Fire and emergency personnel have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overview Take your career to the next level with a bachelor's degree in Fire and Emergency Services Administration. Fire and emergency personnel have a long and proud history of providing communities with a wide variety of fire protection, fire prevention, emergency medical, and emergency preparedness services

455

Draft Genome sequence of Frankia sp. Strain QA3, a nitrogen-fixing actinobacterium isolated from the root nodule of Alnus nitida  

SciTech Connect

Members of actinomycete genus Frankia form a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with 8 different families of actinorhizal plants. We report a high-quality draft genome sequence for Frankia sp. stain QA3, a nitrogen-fixing actinobacterium isolated from root nodules of Alnus nitida.

Sen, Arnab [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Beauchemin, Nicholas [University of New Hampshire; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Davenport, Karen W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Deshpande, Shweta [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Furnholm, Teal [University of New Hampshire; Ghodhbane-Gtari, Faten [University of New Hampshire; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Gtari, Maher [University of New Hampshire; Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nouioui, Imen [University of Tunis-El Manar, Tunisia; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Santos, Catarina [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Sur, Saubashya [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tavares, Fernando [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Teshima, Hazuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Thakur, Subarna [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Wall, Luis [University of Quilmes, Argentina; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Wishart, Jessie [University of New Hampshire; Tisa, Louis S. [University of New Hampshire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Draft Genome sequence of Frankia sp. strains CN3 , an atypical, non-infective (Nod-) ineffective (Fix-) isolate from Coriaria nepalensis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report here the genome sequence of Frankia sp. strain CN3, which was isolated from Coriaria nepalensis. This genome sequence is the first from the fourth lineage of Frankia, that are unable to re-infect actinorhizal plants. At 10 Mb, it represents the largest Frankia genome sequenced to date.

Ghodhbane-Gtari, Faten [University of New Hampshire; Beauchemin, Nicholas [University of New Hampshire; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Chen, Amy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Davenport, Karen W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Deshpande, Shweta [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Furnholm, Teal [University of New Hampshire; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Gtari, Maher [University of New Hampshire; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, James [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Huntemann, Marcel [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nouioui, Imen [University of Tunis-El Manar, Tunisia; Pagani, Ioanna [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pati, Amrita [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Santos, Catarina [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Sen, Arnab [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Sur, Saubashya [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Szeto, Ernest [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tavares, Fernando [Instiuto Celular e Aplicada, Portugal; Hazuki, Teshima [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Thakur, Subarna [University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; Wall, Luis [University of Quilmes, Argentina; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tisa, Louis S. [University of New Hampshire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Fe(III) Reduction and U(VI) Immobilization by Paenibacillus sp. Strain 300A, Isolated from Hanford 300A Subsurface Sediments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A facultative iron-reducing (Fe(III)-reducing) Paenibacillus sp. strain was isolated from Hanford 300A subsurface sediment biofilms that was capable of reducing soluble Fe(III) complexes (Fe(III)-NTA and Fe(III)-citrate) but unable to reduce poorly crystalline ferrihydrite (Fh). However, Paenibacillus sp. 300A was capable of reducing Fh in the presence of low concentrations (2 µM) of either of electron transfer mediators (ETMs) flavin mononucleotide (FMN) or anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS). Maximum initial Fh reduction rates were observed at catalytic concentrations (Hanford 300A subsurface sediments. In the absence of ETMs, Paenibacillus sp. 300A was capable of immobilizing U(VI) through both reduction and adsorption. The relative contributions of adsorption and microbial reduction to U(VI) removal from the aqueous phase were ~7:3 in PIPES and ~1:4 in bicarbonate buffer. Our study demonstrated that Paenibacillus sp. 300A catalyzes Fe(III) reduction and U(VI) immobilization and that these reactions benefit from externally added or naturally existing ETMs in 300A subsurface sediments.

Ahmed, B.; Cao, B.; McLean, Jeffrey S.; Ica, Tuba; Dohnalkova, Alice; Istanbullu, Ozlem; Paksoy, Akin; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Beyenal, Haluk

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Improved Results for the H-2(d, n)(3) He Transverse Vector Polarization- Transfer Coefficient K-y(y)' (0 degrees) at Low Energies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the H-2(d, n)(3) He transverse vector polarization-transfer coefficient K-y(y)' at 0 degrees. are reported for 29 outgoing neutron energies between 3.94 and 8.47MeV. Our new results determine K-y(y)' (0 degrees) more accurately than previous data, especially for neutron energies below 5MeV. Low-energy data for this reaction are important both as a high-intensity source of highly polarized neutrons for nuclear physics studies with polarized neutron beams, and as a test of the emerging theoretical descriptions of the four-body system, where recently substantial progress has been made.

Roper, C. D. [Duke University/TUNL; Clegg, T. [Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, Durham, NC; Dunham, J. D. [Duke University/TUNL; Mendez, II, Anthony J [ORNL; Tornow, W. [Duke University/TUNL; Walter, R. L. [Duke University/TUNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Assessment of Degree of Applicability of Benchmarks for Gadolinium Using KENO V.a and the 238-Group SCALE Cross-Section Library  

SciTech Connect

A review of the degree of applicability of benchmarks containing gadolinium using the computer code KENO V.a and the gadolinium cross sections from the 238-group SCALE cross-section library has been performed for a system that contains {sup 239}Pu, H{sub 2}O, and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The system (practical problem) is a water-reflected spherical mixture that represents a dry-out condition on the bottom of a sludge receipt and adjustment tank around steam coils. Due to variability of the mixture volume and the H/{sup 239}Pu ratio, approximations to the practical problem, referred to as applications, have been made to envelop possible ranges of mixture volumes and H/{sup 239}Pu ratios. A newly developed methodology has been applied to determine the degree of applicability of benchmarks as well as the penalty that should be added to the safety margin due to insufficient benchmarks.

Goluoglu, S.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Degrees Awarded by Year This information is based on the Coordinating Board Graduation Report (CBM009) which is certified by the state. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the Coordinating Board Graduation Report (CBM009) which is certified by the state. The College information is based,485 27.0% Public Policy 231 5.0% 270 5.6% 300 6.1% 313 6.0% 328 6.0% Sciences 624 13.6% 616 12.8% 605 12 Policy Sciences University College Degrees Awarded by College * The Honors College includes only students

Jiménez, Daniel A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Transition between the 1 x 1 and ({radical}3 x 2{radical}3)R30{degree} surface structures of GaN in the vapor-phase environment  

SciTech Connect

Out-of-plane structures of the GaN(0001) surface in the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) environment have been determined using in situ grazing-incidence X-ray scattering. The authors measured 11{bar 2}{ell} crystal truncation rod intensities at a variety of temperatures and ammonia partial pressures on both sides of the 1 x 1 to ({radical}3 x 2{radical}3)R30{degree} surface phase transition. The out-of-plane structure of the ({radical}3 x 2{radical}3)R30{degree} phase appears to be nearly independent of temperature below the transition, while the structure of the 1 x 1 phase changes increase rapidly as the phase transition is approached from above. A model for the structure of the 1 x 1 phase with a partially-occupied top Ga layer agrees well with the data. The observed temperature dependence is consistent with a simple model of the equilibrium between the vapor phase and the surface coverage of Ga and N. In addition, the authors present results on the kinetics of reconstruction domain coarsening following a quench into the ({radical}3 x 2{radical}3)R30{degree} phase field.

Munkholm, A.; Thompson, C.; Stephenson, G. B.; Eastman, J. A.; Auciello, O.; Fini, P.; Speck, J. S.; DenBaars, S. P.

2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

462

Microfracturing in Westerly granite experimentally extended wet and dry at temperatures to 800/degree/C and pressures to 200 MPa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Microfracturing in Westerly granite specimens, extended wet and dry, at temperatures to 800/degree/C and confining pressures to 200 MPa, is analyzed with a view toward understanding why, in the brittle field, rock strengths decrease with increasing temperature. Intragranular (IGC) and grain-boundary cracks (GBC) are mapped in two dimensions on either side of the tensile macrofracture, using optical microscopy, to determine, quantitatively, crack lengths and densities and, qualitatively, crack widths and orientations are visually examined to aid in interpretation. Temperature and confining pressure tend to favor the development of different microfracture fabrics. Thermal stresses produce a random orientation of cracks while stresses resulting from the external differential loading of a specimen produce a preferred orientation of cracks parallel to the direction of sigma/sub 1/. In dry experiments, between 600/degree/ and 800/degree/C, both GBC and IGC densities increase with increasing temperature. The increase in crack abundance is responsible for the thermal weakening of the rock. With increasing temperature, GBC play a greater role in the deformational history leading to rock failure. 27 refs., 24 figs.

Hopkins, T.W.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Structure of {alpha}-Glycerophosphate Oxidase from Streptococcus sp.: A Template for the Mitochondrial {alpha}-Glycerophosphate Dehydrogenase  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The FAD-dependent a-glycerophosphate oxidase (GlpO) from Enterococcus casseliflavus and Streptococcus sp. was originally studied as a soluble flavoprotein oxidase; surprisingly, the GlpO sequence is 30-43% identical to those of the a-glycerophosphate dehydrogenases (GlpDs) from mitochondrial and bacterial sources. The structure of a deletion mutant of Streptococcus sp. GlpO (GlpO?, lacking a 50-residue insert that includes a flexible surface region) has been determined using multiwavelength anomalous dispersion data and refined at 2.3 Angstroms resolution. Using the GlpO? structure as a search model, we have also determined the intact GlpO structure, as refined at 2.4 Angstroms resolution. The first two domains of the GlpO fold are most closely related to those of the flavoprotein glycine oxidase, where they function in FAD binding and substrate binding, respectively; the GlpO C-terminal domain consists of two helix bundles and is not closely related to any known structure. The flexible surface region in intact GlpO corresponds to a segment of missing electron density that links the substrate-binding domain to a {beta}a element of the FAD-binding domain. In accordance with earlier biochemical studies (stabilizations of the covalent FAD-N5-sulfite adduct and p-quinonoid form of 8-mercapto-FAD), Ile430-N, Thr431-N, and Thr431-OG are hydrogen bonded to FAD-O2a in GlpO?, stabilizing the negative charge in these two modified flavins and facilitating transfer of a hydride to FAD-N5 (from Glp) as well. Active-site overlays with the glycine oxidase-N-acetylglycine and d-amino acid oxidase-d-alanine complexes demonstrate that Arg346 of GlpO? is structurally equivalent to Arg302 and Arg285, respectively; in both cases, these residues interact directly with the amino acid substrate or inhibitor carboxylate. The structural and functional divergence between GlpO and the bacterial and mitochondrial GlpDs is also discussed.

Colussi,T.; Parsonage, D.; Boles, W.; Matsuoka, T.; Mallett, T.; Karplus, P.; Clairborne, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Structure of alpha-glycerophosphate Oxidase from Streptococcus sp.: a Template for the Mitochondrial alpha-glycerophosphate Dehydrogenase  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The FAD-dependent {alpha}-glycerophosphate oxidase (GlpO) from Enterococcus casseliflavus and Streptococcus sp. was originally studied as a soluble flavoprotein oxidase; surprisingly, the GlpO sequence is 30-43% identical to those of the {alpha}-glycerophosphate dehydrogenases (GlpDs) from mitochondrial and bacterial sources. The structure of a deletion mutant of Streptococcus sp. GlpO (GlpO{Delta}, lacking a 50-residue insert that includes a flexible surface region) has been determined using multiwavelength anomalous dispersion data and refined at 2.3 {angstrom} resolution. Using the GlpO{Delta} structure as a search model, we have also determined the intact GlpO structure, as refined at 2.4 {angstrom} resolution. The first two domains of the GlpO fold are most closely related to those of the flavoprotein glycine oxidase, where they function in FAD binding and substrate binding, respectively; the GlpO C-terminal domain consists of two helix bundles and is not closely related to any known structure. The flexible surface region in intact GlpO corresponds to a segment of missing electron density that links the substrate-binding domain to a {beta}{beta}{alpha} element of the FAD-binding domain. In accordance with earlier biochemical studies (stabilizations of the covalent FAD-N5-sulfite adduct and p-quinonoid form of 8-mercapto-FAD), Ile430-N, Thr431-N, and Thr431-OG are hydrogen bonded to FAD-O2{alpha} in GlpO{Delta}, stabilizing the negative charge in these two modified flavins and facilitating transfer of a hydride to FAD-N5 (from Glp) as well. Active-site overlays with the glycine oxidase-N-acetylglycine and d-amino acid oxidase-d-alanine complexes demonstrate that Arg346 of GlpO{Delta} is structurally equivalent to Arg302 and Arg285, respectively; in both cases, these residues interact directly with the amino acid substrate or inhibitor carboxylate. The structural and functional divergence between GlpO and the bacterial and mitochondrial GlpDs is also discussed.

T Colussi; D Parsonage; W Boles; T Matsuoka; T Mallett; P Karplus; A Claiborne

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

465

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ............... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March .................... 12.81 13.71 17.11 17.39 18.77 19.71 20.50 April ...................... 12.60 13.90 16.70 16.93 18.84 18.92 W May ....................... 12.22 13.65 16.60 16.49 18.43 18.95 19.50 June ...................... 11.16 12.43 16.00 16.03 17.57 W W July ....................... 10.58 11.85 14.62 15.31 16.71 18.97 17.50 August .................. 11.48 12.09 14.17 15.03 16.64 W 18.55 September ............ 11.81 12.01 14.23 14.49 16.21 16.48 17.04 October ................. 11.17 11.89 14.13 14.93 16.46 16.71 16.61 November ............. 9.61 10.21 13.27 13.92 15.35 16.21 W December ............. 8.93 9.31 11.02 12.03 13.68 14.54 13.55 1993 .........................

466

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 12.46 13.20 15.27 15.78 16.81 15.82 17.02 February ............... 12.97 13.69 16.13 16.28 17.21 17.12 W March .................... 13.46 14.38 16.14 16.87 17.32 16.88 17.86 April ...................... 15.01 15.89 17.65 17.87 18.72 17.87 18.00 May ....................... 15.17 15.91 17.62 17.44 18.68 18.51 18.85 June ...................... 13.75 14.53 16.30 16.35 17.48 18.04 17.72 July ....................... 12.98 13.20 15.28 15.46 16.18 W 16.48 August .................. 12.71 13.46 15.83 15.48 16.47 W 16.46 September ............ 12.85 13.27 15.90 15.55 16.87 W 17.04 October ................. 11.69 12.42 15.05 15.31 16.52 W 16.66 November ............. 12.76 12.85 15.29 16.09 16.99 16.76 17.83 December ............. 13.86 14.23 16.63 16.08 18.14 17.79 W 1995 .........................

467

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 10.54 10.05 12.65 12.19 14.05 14.85 14.24 February ............... 9.32 9.84 12.05 12.95 13.79 14.15 14.30 March .................... 9.60 10.17 12.46 13.55 13.82 14.04 13.70 April ...................... 10.68 11.51 14.36 14.43 15.22 W 15.21 May ....................... 11.45 12.42 14.99 15.80 16.25 15.69 W June ...................... 11.91 13.58 15.99 16.09 17.08 W 17.47 July ....................... 13.01 14.49 16.88 16.64 17.75 16.96 17.61 August .................. 10.66 13.12 14.83 15.57 16.94 W 17.40 September ............ 11.55 12.22 14.73 15.30 15.93 16.09 16.00 October ................. 11.66 13.14 14.93 15.12 16.57 W 16.10 November ............. 11.93 13.08 14.83 15.41 17.02 17.03 16.73 December ............. 12.46 12.67 14.50 14.94 16.03 15.87 16.78 1994 .........................

468

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ............... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March .................... 15.41 16.74 19.23 19.51 20.27 W 21.05 April ...................... 15.57 17.62 20.70 19.82 21.59 W W May ....................... 14.81 16.32 19.02 18.88 19.91 20.09 20.04 June ...................... 14.93 15.97 18.12 18.22 19.21 18.91 W July ....................... 15.44 16.41 18.79 18.86 20.09 20.29 W August .................. 16.18 17.08 19.81 20.11 21.08 20.29 20.89 September ............ 17.99 19.26 21.64 21.73 22.94 W 21.56 October ................. 18.18 20.18 22.92 22.52 24.46 W 23.70 November ............. 17.80 18.94 21.76 22.02 23.59 23.07 W December ............. 18.07 19.22 22.19 21.93 24.41 24.38 24.99 1996 .........................

469

arXiv.org help - arXiv API FAQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FAQ How do I ask a question that is not on the FAQ? I want to retrieve "the most recent n items matching the query x". Is it be possible to order search results by date? 1. How do...

470

Microstructure and Properties of Low Manganese API X70 Pipeline ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure of thermomechanically processed X70 pipeline steel primarily consisted of acicular ferrite (AF) together with small fraction of polygonal ...

471

Stress Corrosion Cracking Observation in API G-105 Grade Drill ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Materials. Presentation Title, Stress ...

472

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of loading, the month of landing, or sometime between those events. Prices for crude oil can be determined at a time other than the acquisition date. See the Explanatory Notes...

473

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Values shown for the current two months are preliminary. Values shown for the second and third months may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections. Final...

474

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: See Definitions ...

475

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

476

API Gravity, Weighted Average Refinery Crude Oil Input ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Totals may not equal ...

477

East Coast (PADD 1) API Gravity (Weighted Average) of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 31.18: 31.36: 32.17: 31.24: 31.49: 1990's: 31.03: 31.02: 31.25: ...

478

Portals 4 network API definition and performance measurement  

SciTech Connect

Portals is a low-level network programming interface for distributed memory massively parallel computing systems designed by Sandia, UNM, and Intel. Portals has been designed to provide high message rates and to provide the flexibility to support a variety of higher-level communication paradigms. This project developed and analyzed an implementation of Portals using shared memory in order to measure and understand the impact of using general-purpose compute cores to handle network protocol processing functions. The goal of this study was to evaluate an approach to high-performance networking software design and hardware support that would enable important DOE modeling and simulation applications to perform well and to provide valuable input to Intel so they can make informed decisions about future network software and hardware products that impact DOE applications.

Brightwell, R. B.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

What is the Vehicle API? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy blogs Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts...

480

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History 20.0 or Less 11.72 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 1978-2012 20.1 to 25.0 23.12 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 1978-2012 25.1 to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degrees api sp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History 20.0 or Less 62.00 87.10 54.05 72.40 101.30 102.79 1993-2012 20.1 to 25.0 64.94 91.01 55.66 75.04 103.07 101.56 1993-2012 25.1 to...

482

The Curl Graphics2d immediate mode rendering API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) 170 thousand lines of code in the Curl language. Morgan McGuire has worked on computer graphics and imaging at Morgan Systems, the NEC Research Institute and the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center. He is currently ...

McGuire, Morgan, 1976-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The significance of post-secondary education in Newfoundland : a comparison between the provincial government's white paper on public post-secondary education (2005) and rural women enrolled in liberal arts undergraduate degrees.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the significance of post-secondary education for rural Newfoundland women studying liberal arts degrees, and the fit of these experiences and perspectives with… (more)

Bourgeois, Monique F. (Monique Frances)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

High performance steam development. Final report, Phase No. 3: 1500{degree}F steam plant for industrial cogeneration prototype development tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a key part of DOE`s and industry`s R&D efforts to improve the efficiency, cost, and emissions of power generation, a prototype High Performance Steam System (HPSS) has been designed, built, and demonstrated. The world`s highest temperature ASME Section I coded power plant successfully completed over 100 hours of development tests at 1500{degrees}F and 1500 psig on a 56,000 pound per hour steam generator, control valve and topping turbine at an output power of 5500 hp. This development advances the HPSS to 400{degrees}F higher steam temperature than the current best technology being installed around the world. Higher cycle temperatures produce higher conversion efficiencies and since steam is used to produce the large majority of the world`s power, the authors expect HPSS developments will have a major impact on electric power production and cogeneration in the twenty-first century. Coal fueled steam plants now produce the majority of the United States electric power. Cogeneration and reduced costs and availability of natural gas have now made gas turbines using Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG`s) and combined cycles for cogeneration and power generation the lowest cost producer of electric power in the United States. These gas fueled combined cycles also have major benefits in reducing emissions while reducing the cost of electricity. Development of HPSS technology can significantly improve the efficiency of cogeneration, steam plants, and combined cycles. Figure 2 is a TS diagram that shows the HPSS has twice the energy available from each pound of steam when expanding from 1500{degrees}F and 1500 psia to 165 psia (150 psig, a common cogeneration process steam pressure). This report describes the prototype component and system design, and results of the 100-hour laboratory tests. The next phase of the program consists of building up the steam turbine into a generator set, and installing the power plant at an industrial site for extended operation.

Duffy, T.; Schneider, P.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electrochemical corrosion studies on copper-base waste package container materials in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} at 95{degrees}C  

SciTech Connect

Three candidate materials were investigated in this study in terms of their electrochemical corrosion behavior in unirradiated 0.1 N NaNO{sub 3} solutions at 95{degrees}C. Anodic polarization experiments were conducted to determine the passive current densities, pitting potentials, and other parameters, together with Cyclic Current Reversal Voltammetry tests to evaluate the stability and protectiveness of the passive oxides formed. X-ray diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy were used for identification of the corrosion products as well as Scanning Electron Microscopy for the surface morphology studies. 2 refs., 22 figs., 2 tabs.

Akkaya, M.; Verink, E.D. Jr. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA); Van Konynenburg, R.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Insolation data manual: long-term monthly averages of solar radiation, temperature, degree-days and global anti K/sub T/ for 248 national weather service stations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Monthly averaged data is presented which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service stations. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24 to 25 years of data. Average daily maximum, minimum, and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3/sup 0/C (65/sup 0/F). For each station, global anti K/sub T/ (cloudiness index) were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. (MHR)

Knapp, C L; Stoffel, T L; Whitaker, S D

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Degree project in Communication Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physical devices utilizing common SCADA protocols. The testbed can then be used to analyze how cyber

Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.