Byington, Alonzo
1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A CORRELATION OF WATER SOLUBILITY IN JET FUELS WITH API GRAVITY, ANILINE POINT PERCENT AROMATICS, AND TEMPERATURE A Thesis By ALONZO B YINGTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, 1964 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A CORRELATION OF MATER SOLUBILITT IH JET FUELS WITS API GEAVITT, ANILINE POINT, PERCENT ARONATICS, AND TENPERATURE A Thesis By ALOHZO BYIHGTOH Approved...
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum...
Revised API Gravity ranges of EIA-182 Crude Streams
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-RayReview/Verify Strategic Skills ReviewsAPI
E-Print Network 3.0 - api gravity saybolt Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
(including Table 6B, "Generalized products... crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils, contact either API or ASTM International ... Source: National Institute of...
,"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity"
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"ClickAPI
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation. 1. No. 1 Distillate: A light petroleum distillate that can be...
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearper Thousand Cubic Feet)2.46 60 60
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearper Thousand Cubic Feet)2.46 60 60 5
Burrage, Clare; Seery, David
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 'modified' gravity the observed acceleration of the universe is explained by changing the gravitational force law or the number of degrees of freedom in the gravitational sector. Both possibilities can be tested by measurements of cosmological structure formation. In this paper we elaborate the details of such tests using the Galileon model as a case study. We pay attention to the possibility that each new degree of freedom may have stochastically independent initial conditions, generating different types of potential well in the early universe and breaking complete correlation between density and velocity power spectra. This 'stochastic bias' can confuse schemes to parametrize the predictions of modified gravity models, such as the use of the growth parameter f alone. Using data from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey we show that it will be possible to obtain constraints using information about the cosmological-scale force law embedded in the multipole power spectra of redshift-space distortions. As an examp...
IPSJ SIG Technical Report RP2 OSCAR API API
Kasahara, Hironori
#12;IPSJ SIG Technical Report 5 OSCAR API Fig. 5 Structure of OSCAR API standard translator and DeIPSJ SIG Technical Report OSCAR API 1 1 1 1 1 1 OSCAR SH4A 8 RP2 OSCAR API API RP2 8 SPEC CPU 2000 ART 1.16 1. 64 80 1 [7][8] , [9] 1 1 Waseda Universoty [10] OSCAR [1] [5] RP-2 [6] OSCAR OSCAR API[2
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...
Original article Reproductive isolation of Apis nuluensis
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
, drones of Apis mellifera (Rutt- ner and Ruttner, 1965), Apis cerana (Ruttner, 1973, Punchihewa et al
Practical API Protocol Checking with Access Permissions
for a large Java standard API with our approach. We also specify several other Java APIs and identify standard APIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4.2 ProtocolPractical API Protocol Checking with Access Permissions Kevin Bierhoff Nels E. Beckman Jonathan
api filter press: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Websites Summary: WASEDA UNIVERSITY Press Release --IT 12 3 *1 *2 OSCAR API ver. 2.0 OSCAR API C Fortran OSCAR -- API OSCAR API ver. 2.0 API API 2012 4 25 http:...
Associated particle imaging (API)
NONE
1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Associated Particle Imaging (API) is an active neutron probe technique that provides a 3-D image with elemental composition of the material under interrogation, and so occupies a unique niche in the interrogation of unknown objects. The highly penetrating nature of neutrons enables API to provide detailed information about targets of interest that are hidden from view. Due to the isotropic nature of the induced reactions, radiation detectors can be set on the same side of the object as the neutron source, so that the object can be interrogated from a single side. At the heat of the system is a small generator that produces a continuous, monoenergetic flux of neutrons. By measuring the trajectory of coincident alpha particles that are produced as part of the process, the trajectory of the neutron can be inferred. Interactions between a neutron and the material in its path often produce a gamma ray whose energy is characteristic of that material. When the gamma ray is detected, its energy is measured and combined with the trajectory information to produce a 3-D image of the composition of the object being interrogated. During the course of API development, a number of improvements have been made. A new, more rugged sealed Tube Neutron Generator (STNG) has been designed and fabricated that is less susceptible to radiation damage and better able to withstand the rigors of fielding than earlier designs. A specialized high-voltage power supply for the STNG has also been designed and built. A complete package of software has been written for the tasks of system calibration, diagnostics and data acquisition and analysis. A portable system has been built and field tested, proving that API can be taken out of the lab and into real-world situations, and that its performance in the field is equal to that in the lab.
Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation
Jeffrey, Alan
of APIs in the directory and shows that REST1 [3] is in the majority and is growing faster than any other validation. 1ProgrammableWeb API styles are self-reported by the API owners, and APIs reported as RESTful mayValidation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation Peter J. Danielsen and Alan Jeffrey Bell Labs
Helayeel-Neto, J. A.; Hernaski, C. A.; Pereira-Dias, B.; Vargas-Paredes, A. A.; Vasquez-Otoya, V. J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, CEP 22290-180 (Brazil)
2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
The effects of (curvature){sup 2}- and (torsion){sup 2}-terms in the Einstein-Hilbert-Chern-Simons Lagrangian are investigated. The purposes are two-fold: (i) to show the efficacy of an orthogonal basis of degree-of-freedom projection operators recently proposed and to ascertain its adequacy for obtaining propagators of general parity-breaking gravity models in three dimensions; (ii) to analyze the role of the topological Chern-Simons term for the unitarity and the particle spectrum of the model squared-curvature terms in connection with dynamical torsion. Our conclusion is that the Chern-Simons term does not influence the unitarity conditions imposed on the parameters of the Lagrangian but significantly modifies the particle spectrum.
Matsuda, Noboru
than with standard Javadoc. 1. Introduction An Application Programming Interface (API) is the userImproving API Documentation Using API Usage Information Jeffrey Stylos, Andrew Faulring, Zizhuang://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jadeite Abstract Jadeite is a new Javadoc-like API documentation system that takes advantage of multiple users
API Blender: A Uniform Interface to Social Platform APIs Georges Gouriten
Senellart, Pierre
Web, API, REST, data integration 1. INTRODUCTION Interacting with platforms like Facebook, YoutubeAPI Blender: A Uniform Interface to Social Platform APIs Georges Gouriten Institut TÃ©lÃ©com; TÃ©lÃ©com one social Web platform, which implies studying the related API specifications. These are often only
The radioprotective quality of glycylhistamine and the venom of Apis mellifera (honeybee)
Wright, Donn Alan
1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE RADIOPROTECTIVE QUALITY OF GLYCYLHISTAMINE AND THE VENOM OF APIS MELLIFERA (HONEYBEE) A Thesis by DONN ALAN WRIGHT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975 Major Subject: Biophysics (Health Physics) THE RADIOPROTECTIVE QUALITY OF GLYCYLHISTAMINE AND THE VENOM OF APIS MELLIFERA (HONEYBEE) A Thesis by DONN ALAN WRIGHT Approved as to style and content by: ( hairman...
Runapongsa, Kanda
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! CIT 2011 2554! ! 1 #12; 2 #12; 3 #12; Facebook API/3) ! 24 #12; (1/2) ! 25 #12; (2/2) ! 26 #12; Facebook Query Language (FQL) FQL SQL FQL to Facebook 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition, 2008 (FG '08). H [10
OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores,
Kasahara, Hironori
OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores, and API Standard Translator Keiji Kimura;Current Application Development Environment for Multicores 3 } Parallel API } pthread (SMP) } Old thread } Message Passing API } NO Good API for Low-Power and Real-time Multicores! } Parallelizing Compilers
Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs | National...
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Simulation and Computing and Institutional R&D Programs NNSACEA Cooperation in Computer Science Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs Collaboration Topics...
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki Home Jweers'sAIRMaster+APFED-GoodAPIs Home
Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from
Xie, Tao
Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University, USA Jian Pei Department of Computer Science Simon Fraser University, Canada Â·http://ase.csc.ncsu.edu/ #12;Computer Science Learning API Usages is Challenging Â·org
Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report
Rzepa, Henry S.
Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report A review of good practice in the provision of machine) Document Name: good_api_JISC_report_v0.8.doc Notes: Acknowledgements UKOLN is funded by the MLA to all those who gave up time to help with the report. Vital to this work were the people who filled
Towards a Protocol-Independent Internet Transport API
Welzl, Michael
a standardized API yet, and at the time of writing, the most recent Internet-draft specifying the SCTP API [1Towards a Protocol-Independent Internet Transport API Michael Welzl University of Oslo Email Gjessing University of Oslo Email: steing@ifi.uio.no Abstract--The conjoint API of TCP, UDP, UDP-Lite, SCTP
The Design of a Group Key Agreement API Giuseppe Ateniese
Kim, Dae-Shik
and communication-independent API. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. We be- gin with the notationThe Design of a Group Key Agreement API Giuseppe Ateniese Computer Science Department Johns Hopkins describes a protocol suite and an API geared for securing collab- orative applications. The API is based
The JANA Calibrations and Conditions Database API
David Lawrence
2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Calibrations and conditions databases can be accessed from within the JANA Event Processing framework through the API defined in its JCalibration base class. The API is designed to support everything from databases, to web services to flat files for the backend. A Web Service backend using the gSOAP toolkit has been implemented which is particularly interesting since it addresses many modern cybersecurity issues including support for SSL. The API allows constants to be retrieved through a single line of C++ code with most of the context, including the transport mechanism, being implied by the run currently being analyzed and the environment relieving developers from implementing such details.
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
the acquisition date. See the Explanatory Notes section for additional detail. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report," January...
Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61 76 673 12 12 9
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear Jan
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear Jan
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear Jan
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear Jan
Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear Jan
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0CubicCubic Feet)Cubic--2,8190 02009
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S. DEPARTMENTshort05) Energy R*yDistributedand
Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14Has|Issues LBOE
Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14Has|Issues LBOEValues shown
Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBGOperablePERCENTthe
Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYear JanPricePrice (Percent)by
REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for maintaining adult Apis mellifera
Shutler, Dave
REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for maintaining adult Apis mellifera in cages under in vitro Research Unit (CRA-API), Bologna, Italy. 5 Institute for Wildlife Conservation, Szent István University
OpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application
Standards for parallel programming l Thread Libraries Win32 API - a low level approach. threadsOpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application Software Tim Mattson Intel Corporation
Standardization of an API for Distributed Resource Management Peter Troger
Weske, Mathias
Standardization of an API for Distributed Resource Management Systems Peter Tr¨oger Hasso concepts of the finalized API, and explain is- sues and findings with the standardization Management Application API (DRMAA) specification is a software standard de- veloped in the Open Grid Forum
REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis
Delaplane, Keith S.
REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera Keith S Delaplane1) The COLOSS BEEBOOK, Volume I: standard methods for Apis mellifera research. Journal of Apicultural Research polinización con Apis mellifera Resumen En este capítulo se presenta una síntesis de las recomendaciones para
REST Web Service Maintenance Through API Policy Enforcement
California at Santa Barbara, University of
1 REST Web Service Maintenance Through API Policy Enforcement Hiranya Jayathilaka, Chandra Krintz 100% annual growth rate [2]. These APIs increasingly employ the REST (Representational State Transfer accessible to users via web application programming interfaces (web APIs) and cloud-based deployment
Towards a Common API for Structured PeertoPeer Overlays #
and abstracted, can be added to the common APIs over time. The rest of this paper is organized as followsTowards a Common API for Structured PeerÂtoÂPeer Overlays # Frank Dabek 1 , Ben Zhao 2 , Peter an ongoing effort to define common APIs for structured peerÂtoÂpeer overlays and the key abstractions
The honey bees of Ethiopia represent a new subspecies of Apis mellifera--Apis mellifera simensis n bees endemic to the volcanic dome system of Ethiopia are described as a new subspecies, Apis mellifera this population. There is no indication for the presence of more than one subspecies of honey bee in Ethiopia
Aspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for Michihiro Horie
Chiba, Shigeru
for writing the API documentation is standardized; the docu- mentation must be surroundedAspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for AspectJ Michihiro Horie Tokyo Institute on application programming interface (API) is essential. The document on the API, which we call the API
apis mellifera workers: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
The effect of Apis mellifera carnica Polm worker bee source for populating mating of Croatia (Received 9 December 1991; accepted 18 March 1992) Summary The influence of worker...
apis mellifera populations: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
The effect of Apis mellifera carnica Polm worker bee source for populating mating of Croatia (Received 9 December 1991; accepted 18 March 1992) Summary The influence of worker...
api x80 pipeline: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
C Fortran API 3. c 1959 Information Processing Society of Japan 3 Kasahara, Hironori 9 Hydrogen Pipeline Material Testing We provide critical data, measurement methods and...
Harrison, Jon F.; Taylor, Orley R.
2005-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
Neotropical African honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata), in the process of spreading throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, hybridize with and mostly replace European honeybees (primarily Apis mellifera mellifera and Apis...
Api Nova Energia Srl | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture and SequestrationAnemoiAnokaApi Nova Energia Srl
Automatically Generating Refactorings to Support API Jeff H. Perkins
refactorings to be automati cally generated for the most common types of library API changes, without any MA USA jhp@csail.mit.edu Abstract When library APIs change, client code should change in response. This approach has several benefits. It requires no change in library development practice, since programmers
Automatically Generating Refactorings to Support API Jeff H. Perkins
to be automati- cally generated for the most common types of library API changes, without any extra work MA USA jhp@csail.mit.edu Abstract When library APIs change, client code should change in response. This approach has several benefits. It requires no change in library development practice, since programmers
OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities
Kasahara, Hironori
Kimura #12;Application Development Environment with OSCAR Compiler, OSCAR API and API Standard TranslatorOSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities Keiji Kimura, Waseda University 13. The execution timing of them can be notified by FlagVariables Overview of OSCAR API v2.0 (before 2
Restricting information flow in security APIs via typing
Keighren, Gavin
2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
Security APIs are designed to enable the storage and processing of confidential data without that data becoming known to individuals who are not permitted to obtain it, and are central to the operation of Automated Teller ...
University Degrees Bachelor's Degree Programs
Ravikumar, B.
, with concentrations in: o Education and the Environment o Energy Management and Design o Environmental Conservation, with concentrations in: o Accounting o Finance o Financial Management o Marketing o Wine Business Strategies Energy Management and Design o Water Quality and Hazardous Materials Page 28 University Degrees Sonoma
Computers & Graphics 29 (2005) 315 Multimedia integration into the blue-c API
Staadt, Oliver
Computers & Graphics 29 (2005) 3Â15 Multimedia integration into the blue-c API Martin Naefa In this article, we present the blue-c application programming interface (API) and discuss some of its performance characteristics. The blue-c API is a software toolkit for media-rich, collaborative, immersive virtual reality
Discovering Math APIs by Mining Unit Tests Anirudh Santhiar, Omesh Pandita
Kanade, Aditya
APIs for mathematical computations by mining unit tests of API meth- ods. Given a math expression, MathFinder synthesizes pseudo-code to compute the expression by mapping its subexpressions to API method calls. For each- putations. Mathematical computations are at the heart of numerous application domains such as statistics
Usage Patterns of the Java Standard API Homan Ma, Robert Amor, Ewan Tempero
Amor, Robert
Usage Patterns of the Java Standard API Homan Ma, Robert Amor, Ewan Tempero Department of Computer,ewan}@cs.auckland.ac.nz Abstract The Java Standard API has grown enormously since Java's be- ginnings, now consisting of over 3 to help determine the "typical" usage of the Standard API. We find that, in an extensive corpus of open
Visualizing the Size of the Java Standard API Craig Anslow, James Noble,
Anslow, Craig
Visualizing the Size of the Java Standard API Craig Anslow, James Noble, Stuart Marshall School@cs.auckland.ac.nz ABSTRACT The design of software should be made up of small packages and classes. The Java Standard API, and nearly 50,000 methods. We have con- ducted visual software analysis on the Java Standard API using
Bigelow, Stephen
Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka for a programmer to port an application from one web API to another, i.e. "porting effort". Our approach defines approach using both randomly generated and real-world web APIs and show that our metric can correctly
Web API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code
Zaidman, Andy
APIs make use of REST interfaces which can be easily integrated with through a single HTTP requestWeb API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code Tiago Espinha, Andy Zaidman.g.gross}@tudelft.nl Abstract--Web APIs provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction
A MOBILE APPLICATION ACCESSING PATIENTS' HEALTH RECORDS THROUGH A REST API
Andry, FranÃ§ois
A MOBILE APPLICATION ACCESSING PATIENTS' HEALTH RECORDS THROUGH A REST API How REST, dnicholson}@axolotl.com Keywords: Mobile Application, Health Records, RHIO, Lab Results, HL7, REST API, Web we present the motivations and technical choices for creating a REST API integrated with a mobile
RDF-REST: A Unifying Framework for Web APIs and Linked Data
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
RDF-REST: A Unifying Framework for Web APIs and Linked Data Pierre-Antoine Champin LIRIS of efforts to bridge the gap between web APIs and linked data. The RDF-REST framework, that we developed adopted in the RDF-REST framework, and show its benefits in the design and use of web APIs. One
Towards a Common API for Structured Peer-to-Peer Overlays
and abstracted, can be added to the common APIs over time. The rest of this paper is organized as followsTowards a Common API for Structured Peer-to-Peer Overlays Frank Dabek1 , Ben Zhao2 , Peter Druschel an ongoing effort to define common APIs for structured peer-to-peer overlays and the key abstractions
Indexing the Java API Using Source Code Homan Ma, Robert Amor, Ewan Tempero
Amor, Robert
Standard API. The rest of this paper is organised as follows. In the next section, we discuss related workIndexing the Java API Using Source Code Homan Ma, Robert Amor, Ewan Tempero Department of Computer code as the basis for the index. Keywords: Java Standard API, Software Repositories, Source Code
Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code
Xie, Tao
Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie Department it difficult to mine error-handling specifications through manual inspection of source code. In this paper, we, without any user in- put. In our framework, we adapt a trace generation technique to distinguish
TOPCAT Plotting from STILTS API and Command Line
Taylor, Mark
TOPCAT Plotting from STILTS API and Command Line Mark Taylor, University of Bristol, UK your own Java application code, or from the STILTS command-line interface. Plot Model Each plot The STILTS package provides access to TOPCAT functions from the command line or a Jython front end. New
Original article Drone congregation of Apis cerana japonica
Boyer, Edmond
Honeybee, Wakazono-chyo 3-10, Morioka 020; 2Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate honeybees, Apis mellifera L, have been found at sites above open ground and often in areas of depression for DCAs remains unknown and we have no information how honeybee drones congregate at the same site
Russell, Lynn
between 11 and 99 valid Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program test scores included in the API2011 Growth API School Report - Preuss School UCSD http://api.cde.ca.gov/Acnt2011/2011GrowthSch.aspx?allcds=37683383731189[9/30/2011 3:51:13 PM] DataQuest home > API home > Reports > Select School > School Reports
Movement of degree/degree of movement
Matushansky, Ora
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this project we examine the DP-internal behavior of degree operators contained in attributive extended APs, specifically degree fronting (so sunny a day) and degree right extraposition (a day sunny enough). We argue ...
Is nonrelativistic gravity possible?
Kocharyan, A. A. [School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton 3800 (Australia)
2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study nonrelativistic gravity using the Hamiltonian formalism. For the dynamics of general relativity (relativistic gravity) the formalism is well known and called the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) formalism. We show that if the lapse function is constrained correctly, then nonrelativistic gravity is described by a consistent Hamiltonian system. Surprisingly, nonrelativistic gravity can have solutions identical to relativistic gravity ones. In particular, (anti-)de Sitter black holes of Einstein gravity and IR limit of Horava gravity are locally identical.
CURRENT DEGREE PROGRAMS MBO NON-DEGREE
Guenther, Frank
CURRENT DEGREE PROGRAMS MBO NON-DEGREE Masters level coursework MBO 40 0000 A CONTROL GROUPS FOR NON-DEGREE CANDIDATES The control group is not a major; a non-degree program of study also be selected. - CERTIFICATE Computer Information Systems This program of study is for Brussels - Vrije only MBO 01 0702
Gauge Theory of Quantum Gravity
J. W. Moffat
1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
A gauge theory of quantum gravity is formulated, in which an internal, field dependent metric is introduced which non-linearly realizes the gauge fields on the non-compact group $SL(2,C)$, while linearly realizing them on $SU(2)$. Einstein's $SL(2,C)$ invariant theory of gravity emerges at low energies, since the extra degrees of freedom associated with the quadratic curvature and the internal metric only dominate at high energies. In a fixed internal metric gauge, only the the $SU(2)$ gauge symmetry is satisfied, the particle spectrum is identified and the Hamiltonian is shown to be bounded from below. Although Lorentz invariance is broken in this gauge, it is satisfied in general. The theory is quantized in this fixed, broken symmetry gauge as an $SU(2)$ gauge theory on a lattice with a lattice spacing equal to the Planck length. This produces a unitary and finite theory of quantum gravity.
B. L. Hu
1999-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
We give a summary of the status of current research in stochastic semiclassical gravity and suggest directions for further investigations. This theory generalizes the semiclassical Einstein equation to an Einstein-Langevin equation with a stochastic source term arising from the fluctuations of the energy-momentum tensor of quantum fields. We mention recent efforts in applying this theory to the study of black hole fluctuations and backreaction problems, linear response of hot flat space, and structure formation in inflationary cosmology. To explore the physical meaning and implications of this stochastic regime in relation to both classical and quantum gravity, we find it useful to take the view that semiclassical gravity is mesoscopic physics and that general relativity is the hydrodynamic limit of certain spacetime quantum substructures. Three basic issues - stochasticity, collectivity, correlations- and three processes - dissipation, fluctuations, decoherence- underscore the transformation from quantum micro structure and interaction to the emergence of classical macro structure and dynamics. We discuss ways to probe into the high energy activity from below and make two suggestions: via effective field theory and the correlation hierarchy. We discuss how stochastic behavior at low energy in an effective theory and how correlation noise associated with coarse-grained higher correlation functions in an interacting quantum field could carry nontrivial information about the high energy sector. Finally we describe processes deemed important at the Planck scale, including tunneling and pair creation, wave scattering in random geometry, growth of fluctuations and forms, Planck scale resonance states, and spacetime foams.
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
data reported. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
12.17 12.80 Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual...
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
17.18 17.64 Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual...
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
the acquisition date. See the Explanatory Notes section for additional detail. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report," January...
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)
the acquisition date. See the Explanatory Notes section for additional detail. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report," January...
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998,
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998,
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998,
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1996
Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1996
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousandCubic Feet) DecadeV49 155 181 1773 January1998, 1994
F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1. Refiner/Reseller MotorImports1Explanatory4444
F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5 15EnvironmentalErin
F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity
Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarkets EnergyConsumption5
Sustainability Double Degree Double Degree Info
Grünwald, Niklaus J.
Sustainability Double Degree Double Degree Info: · 36 credits in B for graduation. Sustainability Core: Take each course below for a total of 17 -20 credits. Term/Grade Course _____ ____ *NR 350 (4) Sustainable
Quantum Field Theory & Gravity
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Quantum Field Theory & Gravity Quantum Field Theory & Gravity Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664...
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
repetition system. Keywords: spaced repetition, YouTube API, user experience, responsive design, bootstrap experience, responsive design, bootstrap #12;#12;Table Abst Sam Tab List List List 1 I 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 2 B 2
Economics & Finance Degree options
Brierley, Andrew
98 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 51) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees
OpenEI API listing | OpenEI Community
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia Green Fuels JumpData+entrepreneur HomeAPI
OpenEI API. Implementation help | OpenEI Community
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: EnergyExcellenceOfficeOhio: Energy Resourcesen) OpenOpenBarterAPI.
Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments from Tarasa U.S.LLC |AquionMr.August ContractDepartmentP r eAPI
Energy API and dataset overview | OpenEI Community
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| OpenElectromagneticElmwoodEnerSpectivesolarAPI and
How Do Developers React to API Deprecation? The Case of a Smalltalk Ecosystem
Nierstrasz, Oscar
How Do Developers React to API Deprecation? The Case of a Smalltalk Ecosystem Romain Robbes PLEIAD extent and impact of these API changes in practice, on an entire software ecosystem associated effects across an entire ecosystem. Our case study subject is the development community gravitating around
Data Management in the GridRPC GridRPC Data Management API
Caniou, Yves
Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion GridRPC Data Management API Implementations, Le Mahec, Nakada GridRPC DM API: Implem. and Interop. Issues (1/13) #12;Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion Goal GridRPC DM types: Reminder 1 Data Management in the GridRPC Goal GridRPC DM types
Automated Analysis of Security-Critical JavaScript APIs Stanford University
Pratt, Vaughan
Automated Analysis of Security-Critical JavaScript APIs Ankur Taly Stanford University ataly. The trusted portion of each application may then expose an API to untrusted code, interposing a reference define the semantics of a restricted version of JavaScript devised by the ECMA Standards committee
Impedantix: An API for Native XML Data Stores M. Brantner1
Mannheim, Universität
Impedantix: An API for Native XML Data Stores A. Bhm1 M. Brantner1 S. Helmer2 A. Hollmann1 C Database systems have to provide powerful Application Program- ming Interfaces (APIs) to facilitate the convenient development of data-intensive applications. While de-facto standards such as ODBC and JDBC have
A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium
Curtarolo, Stefano
A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor1 Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20878, USA 2 Department of Mechanical, an Application Program Interface (API) follow- ing REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials
A Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a
Kim, Miryung
to accommodate new feature requests, to fix bugs, and to meet new standards, changes in API declarationsA Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a Tung Thanh Nguyen,1b Gary Wilson standards, the clients of software libraries often need to make correspond- ing changes to correctly use
Acoustic behaviour of queens of the Sicil-ian honeybee (Apis mellifera sicula) and
Boyer, Edmond
honeybee (Apis mellifera lamarckii). Video documentation As described for other honeybee races the queensAcoustic behaviour of queens of the Sicil- ian honeybee (Apis mellifera sicula) and the Egyptian of the Sicilian and Egyptian honeybee produce the acoustical signals of tooting and quaking during the swarming
Computer Science Degree options
Brierley, Andrew
82 Computer Science Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Computer Science and one of: Economics Logic and Philosophy of Science Management Management Science MSci (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science Entrance Requirements (see also pages 164 - 205
Bigelow, Stephen
Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos advances in cloud computing make cloud platforms as-a- service (PaaS) ideal for deployment, lifecycle Terms--API Governance; PaaS; cloud platforms; API similarity; I. INTRODUCTION Cloud computing
Black holes in massive gravity
Babichev, Eugeny
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the black hole solutions of the ghost-free massive gravity theory and its bimetric extension and outline the main results on the stability of these solutions against small perturbations. Massive (bi)-gravity accommodates exact black hole solutions, analogous to those of General Relativity. In addition to these solutions, hairy black holes -- solutions with no correspondent in General Relativity -- have been found numerically, whose existence is a natural consequence of the absence of the Birkhoff's theorem in these theories. The existence of extra propagating degrees of freedom, makes the stability properties of these black holes richer and more complex than those of General Relativity. In particular, the bi-Schwarzschild black hole exhibits an unstable spherically symmetric mode, while the bi-Kerr geometry is also generically unstable, both against the spherical mode and against superradiant instabilities. If astrophysical black holes are described by these solutions, the superradiant instability o...
Chiral gravity, log gravity, and extremal CFT
Maloney, Alexander [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Song Wei [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China); Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Strominger, Andrew [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the linearization of all exact solutions of classical chiral gravity around the AdS{sub 3} vacuum have positive energy. Nonchiral and negative-energy solutions of the linearized equations are infrared divergent at second order, and so are removed from the spectrum. In other words, chirality is confined and the equations of motion have linearization instabilities. We prove that the only stationary, axially symmetric solutions of chiral gravity are BTZ black holes, which have positive energy. It is further shown that classical log gravity--the theory with logarithmically relaxed boundary conditions--has finite asymptotic symmetry generators but is not chiral and hence may be dual at the quantum level to a logarithmic conformal field theories (CFT). Moreover we show that log gravity contains chiral gravity within it as a decoupled charge superselection sector. We formally evaluate the Euclidean sum over geometries of chiral gravity and show that it gives precisely the holomorphic extremal CFT partition function. The modular invariance and integrality of the expansion coefficients of this partition function are consistent with the existence of an exact quantum theory of chiral gravity. We argue that the problem of quantizing chiral gravity is the holographic dual of the problem of constructing an extremal CFT, while quantizing log gravity is dual to the problem of constructing a logarithmic extremal CFT.
. Development on these systems is time-consuming and platform-specific. A standard ACS API is proposed1 Implementing an API for Distributed Adaptive Computing Systems Mark Jones, Luke Scharf, Jonathan speeds, is provided through a vendor- specific API. This API is typically accessed in a C host program
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES 2015 ENVIRONMENT
COME AND YOUR F I N D PLACE UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES 2015 EARTH and ENVIRONMENT #12;| CONTENTS | www OF EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT Why study earth and environment at Leeds? 2 Why study an earth science course? 4 Why study an environment course? 8 Choosing the right degree 12 Four-year industrial degrees (BA
Breeding for hygienic behaviour in honeybees (Apis mellifera) using free-mated nucleus colonies
Breeding for hygienic behaviour in honeybees (Apis mellifera) using free-mated nucleus colonies 2011 Accepted 14 October 2011 Abstract Gains in hygienic behaviour based on maternal selection generation, levels of hygienic behaviour among progeny remained relatively unchanged. Estimated breeding
Analysis of the Security of Web Browsers via API Calls and Function Return Values
Liebrock, Lorie M.
@cs.nmt.edu kearney@cs.nmt.edu bondili@cs.nmt.edu Department of Computer Science New Mexico Institute of Mining exceptions. None of the more rarely used APIs have been specifically used by attackers to exploit security
VisionGL: Towards an API for Integrating Vision and Graphics Gregor Miller and Sidney Fels
British Columbia, University of
VisionGL: Towards an API for Integrating Vision and Graphics Gregor Miller and Sidney Fels Human) and per- formance/appearance capture. Recently we introduced OpenVL [Miller and Fels 2013], an abstraction
NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN
Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.
2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.
Einstein Gravity, Massive Gravity, Multi-Gravity and Nonlinear Realizations
Garrett Goon; Kurt Hinterbichler; Austin Joyce; Mark Trodden
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of a ghost free theory of massive gravity begs for an interpretation as a Higgs phase of General Relativity. We revisit the study of massive gravity as a Higgs phase. Absent a compelling microphysical model of spontaneous symmetry breaking in gravity, we approach this problem from the viewpoint of nonlinear realizations. We employ the coset construction to search for the most restrictive symmetry breaking pattern whose low energy theory will both admit the de Rham--Gabadadze--Tolley (dRGT) potentials and nonlinearly realize every symmetry of General Relativity, thereby providing a new perspective from which to build theories of massive gravity. In addition to the known ghost-free terms, we find a novel parity violating interaction which preserves the constraint structure of the theory, but which vanishes on the normal branch of the theory. Finally, the procedure is extended to the cases of bi-gravity and multi-vielbein theories. Analogous parity violating interactions exist here, too, and may be non-trivial for certain classes of multi-metric theories.
Can Gravity Probe B usefully constrain torsion gravity theories?
Flanagan, Eanna E.; Rosenthal, Eran [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 14853 (United States)
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
In most theories of gravity involving torsion, the source for torsion is the intrinsic spin of matter. Since the spins of fermions are normally randomly oriented in macroscopic bodies, the amount of torsion generated by macroscopic bodies is normally negligible. However, in a recent paper, Mao et al. (arXiv:gr-qc/0608121) point out that there is a class of theories, including the Hayashi-Shirafuji (1979) theory, in which the angular momentum of macroscopic spinning bodies generates a significant amount of torsion. They further argue that, by the principle of action equals reaction, one would expect the angular momentum of test bodies to couple to a background torsion field, and therefore the precession of the Gravity Probe B gyroscopes should be affected in these theories by the torsion generated by the Earth. We show that in fact the principle of action equals reaction does not apply to these theories, essentially because the torsion is not an independent dynamical degree of freedom. We examine in detail a generalization of the Hayashi-Shirafuji theory suggested by Mao et al. called Einstein-Hayashi-Shirafuji theory. There are a variety of different versions of this theory, depending on the precise form of the coupling to matter chosen for the torsion. We show that, for any coupling to matter that is compatible with the spin transport equation postulated by Mao et al., the theory has either ghosts or an ill-posed initial-value formulation. These theoretical problems can be avoided by specializing the parameters of the theory and in addition choosing the standard minimal coupling to matter of the torsion tensor. This yields a consistent theory, but one in which the action equals reaction principle is violated, and in which the angular momentum of the gyroscopes does not couple to the Earth's torsion field. Thus, the Einstein-Hayashi-Shirafuji theory does not predict a detectable torsion signal for Gravity Probe B. There may be other torsion theories which do.
Particle Dynamics And Emergent Gravity
Amir H. Fatollahi
2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
The emergent gravity proposal is examined within the framework of noncommutative QED/gravity correspondence from particle dynamics point of view.
Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity
G. 't Hooft
2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
The requirement that physical phenomena associated with gravitational collapse should be duly reconciled with the postulates of quantum mechanics implies that at a Planckian scale our world is not 3+1 dimensional. Rather, the observable degrees of freedom can best be described as if they were Boolean variables defined on a two-dimensional lattice, evolving with time. This observation, deduced from not much more than unitarity, entropy and counting arguments, implies severe restrictions on possible models of quantum gravity. Using cellular automata as an example it is argued that this dimensional reduction implies more constraints than the freedom we have in constructing models. This is the main reason why so-far no completely consistent mathematical models of quantum black holes have been found. Essay dedicated to Abdus Salam.
Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65
Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.
Wald's gravitational entropy for ghost-free, infinite derivative theories of Gravity
Conroy, Aindriú; Teimouri, Ali
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we demonstrate that the Wald's entropy for any spherically symmetric blackhole within an infinite derivative theory of gravity is determined solely by the area law. Thus, the infrared behaviour of gravity is captured by the Einstein-Hilbert term, provided that the massless graviton remains the only propagating degree of freedom in the spacetime.
A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org Richard H. Taylor a,b
Curtarolo, Stefano
A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor a Curtarolo f, a National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA b Department (API) following REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials data repositories
Zhao, Ben Y.
, once properly under- stood and abstracted, can be added to the common APIs over time. The rest). Towards a Common API for Structured Peer-to-Peer OverlaysÂ£ Frank DabekÂ½ Ben ZhaoÂ¾ Peter DruschelÂ¿ John to define com- mon APIs for structured peer-to-peer overlays and the key abstractions that can be built
Physics & Astronomy Degree options
Brierley, Andrew
are particularly flexible offering a choice of entry and exit points. * Entrants with good Advanced Highers /A rapidly. Entry and exit points A five-level structure is used in order to provide suitable entry points degrees the subject with the higher entrance requirements determines the likely grades.) First Year Entry
Molecular Biology DEGREE PROGRAMME
Levi, Ran
to the course co-ordinator for that module (See University Catalogue of Courses or SMS World Wide Web Pages in molecular biology have a wide range of career options, including virtually all areas of biology, medicine with mastering statistics, graphics and word processing software packages. General Enquiries The Degree Programme
Dec 7, 2013 ... As soon as the brakes of a railroad car in West Lafayette are released, the car will roll down under the force of gravity. It will accelerate, then ...
Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers
Hall, Sharon J.
Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers indicated that a different type not similar between different researchers and between different water managers. Thus it would not be possible that implements a simplified visual interface to the model is provided as an example of using the What is Water
Adding Meaning to Facebook Microposts via a Mash-up API and Tracking Its Data Provenance
Tomkins, Andrew
Adding Meaning to Facebook Microposts via a Mash-up API and Tracking Its Data Provenance Thomas--The social networking website Facebook offers to its users a feature called "status updates" (or just "status. INTRODUCTION According to official Facebook statistics [7], the social networking website has more than 500
Delaplane, Keith S.
Analyses of Avocado (Persea americana) Nectar Properties and their Perception by Honey bees (Apis Abstract Honey bees are important avocado pollinators. However, due to the low attractiveness of flowers, pollination is often inadequate. Previous work has revealed that avocado honey is relatively unattractive
Hygienic Behavior of Cape and European Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) toward Aethina tumida
Delaplane, Keith S.
BEHAVIOR Hygienic Behavior of Cape and European Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) toward Aethina(4): 860Ð864 (2004) ABSTRACT In this study, we tested for the presence and efÞcacy of hygienic behavior hygienic behavior. Finally, we determined the oviposition rate (number of A. tumida-perforated cells
THE FINE STRUCTURE OF THE WAX GLAND OF THE HONEY BEE (APIS MELLIFERA L.)
Boyer, Edmond
THE FINE STRUCTURE OF THE WAX GLAND OF THE HONEY BEE (APIS MELLIFERA L.) Malcolin T. SANFORD Alfred An electron microscopic study was initiated to elucidate the ultrastructure of the wax gland in an actively wax secreting worker honey bee. The investigation showed that the cuticle is penetrated by bundles
Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code
Young, R. Michael
Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie error specifi- cations automatically from software package repositories, without requiring any user inter-procedurally scattered and not always correctly coded by the programmers, manually inferring
3D Quantum Gravity and Effective Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory
Freidel, Laurent; Livine, Etera R. [Perimeter Institute, 31 Caroline Street, North Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5, Canada, and Laboratoire de Physique, ENS Lyon, CNRS UMR 5672, 46 Allee d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07 (France)
2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the effective dynamics of matter fields coupled to 3D quantum gravity is described after integration over the gravitational degrees of freedom by a braided noncommutative quantum field theory symmetric under a {kappa} deformation of the Poincare group.
A new quasidilaton theory of massive gravity
Shinji Mukohyama
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new quasidilaton theory of Poincare invariant massive gravity, based on the recently proposed framework of matter coupling that makes it possible for the kinetic energy of the quasidilaton scalar to couple to both physical and fiducial metrics simultaneously. We find a scaling-type exact solution that expresses a self-accelerating de Sitter universe, and then analyze linear perturbations around it. It is shown that in a range of parameters all physical degrees of freedom have non-vanishing quadratic kinetic terms and are stable in the subhorizon limit, while the effective Newton's constant for the background is kept positive.
Modification of gravity due to torsion
Nair, V. P. [Physics Department, City College of the CUNY, New York, NY 10031 (United States); Nikiforova, V. [Physics Department, Mascow State University Moscow (Russian Federation); Randjbar-Daemi, S. [The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy); Rubakov, V. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Modifications of general relativity have been considered as one of the possible ways of addressing some of the outstanding problems related to the large scale gravitational physics. In this contribution we review some of the recent results which are due to the inclusion of dynamical torsion. More specifically we shall discuss the propagation of massive spin-2 particles in flat and curved space times. We shall show that, contrary to what is generally believed, spinning matter is not the sole source of torsion field. A symmetric energy momentum tensor can also couple to torsion degrees of freedom. The massive and massless spin-2 particles mix giving rise to an infrared modification of gravity.
Time Gravity and Quantum Mechanics
W. G. Unruh
1993-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
Time plays different roles in quantum mechanics and gravity. These roles are examined and the problems that the conflict in the roles presents for quantum gravity are briefly summarised.
ECOSMOG: An Efficient Code for Simulating Modified Gravity
Baojiu Li; Gong-Bo Zhao; Romain Teyssier; Kazuya Koyama
2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new code, ECOSMOG, to run N-body simulations for a wide class of modified gravity and dynamical dark energy theories. These theories generally have one or more new dynamical degrees of freedom, the dynamics of which are governed by their (usually rather nonlinear) equations of motion. Solving these non-linear equations has been a great challenge in cosmology. Our code is based on the RAMSES code, which solves the Poisson equation on adaptively refined meshes to gain high resolutions in the high-density regions. We have added a solver for the extra degree(s) of freedom and performed numerous tests for the f(R) gravity model as an example to show its reliability. We find that much higher efficiency could be achieved compared with other existing mesh/grid-based codes thanks to two new features of the present code: (1) the efficient parallelisation and (2) the usage of the multigrid relaxation to solve the extra equation(s) on both the regular domain grid and refinements, giving much faster convergence even under much more stringent convergence criteria. This code is designed for performing high-accuracy, high-resolution and large-volume cosmological simulations for modified gravity and general dark energy theories, which can be utilised to test gravity and the dark energy hypothesis using the upcoming and future deep and high-resolution galaxy surveys.
SL(2,C) gravity on noncommutative space with Poisson structure
Miao Yangang; Zhang Shaojun [Department of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Einstein's gravity theory can be formulated as an SL(2,C) gauge theory in terms of spinor notations. In this paper, we consider a noncommutative space with the Poisson structure and construct an SL(2,C) formulation of gravity on such a space. Using the covariant coordinate technique, we build a gauge invariant action in which, according to the Seiberg-Witten map, the physical degrees of freedom are expressed in terms of their commutative counterparts up to the first order in noncommutative parameters.
3D gravity with dust: classical and quantum theory
Viqar Husain; Jonathan Ziprick
2015-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study the Einstein gravity and dust system in three spacetime dimensions as an example of a non-perturbative quantum gravity model with local degrees of freedom. We derive the Hamiltonian theory in the dust time gauge and show that it has a rich class of exact solutions. These include the Ba\\~nados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole, static solutions with naked singularities and travelling wave solutions with dynamical horizons. We give a complete quantization of the wave sector of the theory, including a definition of a self-adjoint spacetime metric operator. This operator is used to demonstrate the quantization of deficit angle and the fluctuation of dynamical horizons.
Abelian-Higgs strings in Rastall gravity
Eugenio R. Bezerra de Mello; Julio C. Fabris; Betti Hartmann
2015-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we analyze Abelian-Higgs strings in a phenomenological model that takes quantum effects in curved space-time into account. This model, first introduced by Rastall, cannot be derived from an action principle. We formulate phenomenological equations of motion under the guiding principle of minimal possible deformation of the standard equations. We construct string solutions that asymptote to a flat space-time with a deficit angle by solving the set of coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations numerically. Decreasing the Rastall parameter from its Einstein gravity value we find that the deficit angle of the space-time increases and becomes equal to $2\\pi$ at some critical value of this parameter that depends on the remaining couplings in the model. For smaller values the resulting solutions are supermassive string solutions possessing a singularity at a finite distance from the string core. Assuming the Higgs boson mass to be on the order of the gauge boson mass we find that also in Rastall gravity this happens only when the symmetry breaking scale is on the order of the Planck mass. We also observe that for specific values of the parameters in the model the energy per unit length becomes proportional to the winding number, i.e. the degree of the map $S^1 \\rightarrow S^1$. Unlike in the BPS limit in Einstein gravity, this is, however, not connect to an underlying mathematical structure, but rather constitutes a would-be-BPS bound.
Universality of Gravity from Entanglement
Brian Swingle; Mark Van Raamsdonk
2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
The entanglement "first law" in conformal field theories relates the entanglement entropy for a ball-shaped region to an integral over the same region involving the expectation value of the CFT stress-energy tensor, for infinitesimal perturbations to the CFT vacuum state. In recent work, this was exploited at leading order in $N$ in the context of large N holographic CFTs to show that any geometry dual to a perturbed CFT state must satisfy Einstein's equations linearized about pure AdS. In this note, we investigate the implications of the leading 1/N correction to the exact CFT result. We show that these corrections give rise to the source term for the gravitational equations: for semiclassical bulk states, the expectation value of the bulk stress-energy tensor appears as a source in the linearized equations. In particular, the CFT first law leads to Newton's Law of gravitation and the fact that all sources of stress-energy source the gravitational field. In our derivation, this universality of gravity comes directly from the universality of entanglement (the fact that all degrees of freedom in a subsystem contribute to entanglement entropy).
Zhao, Ben Y.
, once properly underÂ stood and abstracted, can be added to the common APIs over time. The rest). Towards a Common API for Structured PeerÂtoÂPeer Overlays #3; Frank Dabek 1 Ben Zhao 2 Peter Druschel 3 effort to define comÂ mon APIs for structured peerÂtoÂpeer overlays and the key abstractions that can
Gravity on Conformal Superspace
Bryan Kelleher
2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
The configuration space of general relativity is superspace - the space of all Riemannian 3-metrics modulo diffeomorphisms. However, it has been argued that the configuration space for gravity should be conformal superspace - the space of all Riemannian 3-metrics modulo diffeomorphisms and conformal transformations. Taking this conformal nature seriously leads to a new theory of gravity which although very similar to general relativity has some very different features particularly in cosmology and quantisation. It should reproduce the standard tests of general relativity. The cosmology is studied in some detail. The theory is incredibly restrictive and as a result admits an extremely limited number of possible solutions. The problems of the standard cosmology are addressed and most remarkably the cosmological constant problem is resolved in a natural way. The theory also has several attractive features with regard to quantisation particularly regarding the problem of time.
Gravity, Dimension, Equilibrium, & Thermodynamics
Jerome Perez
2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
Is it actually possible to interpret gravitation as space's property in a pure classical way. Then, we note that extended self-gravitating system equilibrium depends directly on the number of dimension of the space in which it evolves. Given those precisions, we review the principal thermodynamical knowledge in the context of classical gravity with arbitrary dimension of space. Stability analyses for bounded 3D systems, namely the Antonov instability paradigm, are then rapproched to some amazing properties of globular clusters and galaxies.
Iver Brevik
2012-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
A bulk viscosity is introduced in the formalism of modified gravity. It is shown that, on the basis of a natural scaling law for the viscosity, a simple solution can be found for quantities such as the Hubble parameter and the energy density. These solutions may incorporate a viscosity-induced Big Rip singularity. By introducing a phase transition in the cosmic fluid, the future singularity can nevertheless in principle be avoided.
Lie algebraic noncommutative gravity
Banerjee, Rabin; Samanta, Saurav [S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700098 (India); Mukherjee, Pradip [Presidency College, 86/1 College Street, Kolkata-700073, West-Bengal (India)
2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We exploit the Seiberg-Witten map technique to formulate the theory of gravity defined on a Lie algebraic noncommutative space-time. Detailed expressions of the Seiberg-Witten maps for the gauge parameters, gauge potentials, and the field strengths have been worked out. Our results demonstrate that notwithstanding the introduction of more general noncommutative structure there is no first order correction, exactly as happens for a canonical (i.e. constant) noncommutativity.
Davydov, E A
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nowadays it is widely accepted that the evolution of the universe was driven by some scalar degrees of freedom both on its early stage and at present. The corresponding cosmological models often involve some scalar fields introduced ad hoc. In this paper we cultivate a different approach, which is based on a derivation of new scalar degrees of freedom from fundamental modifications of Einstein's gravity. In elaboration of our previous work, we here investigate properties of the dilaton-scalar gravity obtained by dimensional reductions of a recently proposed affine generalized gravity theory. We show that these models possess the same symmetries as related models of GR with ordinary scalar fields. As a result, for a rather general class of dilaton-scalar gravity models we construct additional first integrals and formulate an integral equation well suited for solving by iterations.
Koyama, Kazuya
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Einstein's theory of General Relativity (GR) is tested accurately within the local universe i.e., the Solar System, but this leaves open the possibility that it is not a good description at the largest scales in the Universe. The standard model of cosmology assumes GR as the theory to describe gravity on all scales. In 1998, astronomers made the surprising discovery that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, not slowing down. This late-time acceleration of the Universe has become the most challenging problem in theoretical physics. Within the framework of GR, the acceleration would originate from an unknown dark energy. Alternatively, it could be that there is no dark energy and GR itself is in error on cosmological scales. The standard model of cosmology is based on a huge extrapolation of our limited knowledge of gravity. This discovery of the late time acceleration of the Universe may require us to revise the theory of gravity and the standard model of cosmology based on GR. We will review recent ...
Entropic Gravity in Rindler Space
Edi Halyo
2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
We show that Rindler horizons are entropic screens and gravity is an entropic force in Rindler space by deriving the Verlinde entropy formula from the focusing of light due to a mass close to the horizon. Consequently, gravity is also entropic in the near horizon regions of Schwarzschild and de Sitter space-times. In different limits, the entropic nature of gravity in Rindler space leads to the Bekenstein entropy bound and the uncertainty principle.
Department of Mathematics: Math Degree
What can you do with a math degree? Career Information for High School Students High school students can find an introduction to mathematical careers, and ...
Lifshitz Gravity for Lifshitz Holography
Tom Griffin; Petr Horava; Charles M. Melby-Thompson
2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We argue that Horava-Lifshitz (HL) gravity provides the minimal holographic dual for Lifshitz-type field theories with anisotropic scaling and dynamical exponent z. First we show that Lifshitz spacetimes are vacuum solutions of HL gravity, without need for additional matter. Then we perform holographic renormalization of HL gravity, and show how it reproduces the full structure of the z=2 anisotropic Weyl anomaly in dual field theories in 2+1 dimensions, while its minimal relativistic gravity counterpart yields only one of two independent central charges in the anomaly.
Cosmological perturbation in f(T) gravity revisited
Izumi, Keisuke; Ong, Yen Chin, E-mail: izumi@phys.ntu.edu.tw, E-mail: ongyenchin@member.ams.org [Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform detailed investigation of cosmological perturbations in f(T) theory of gravity coupled with scalar field. Our work emphasizes on the way to gauge fix the theory and we examine all possible modes of perturbations up to second order. The analysis includes pseudoscalar and pseudovector modes in addition to the usual scalar, vector, and tensor modes. We find no gravitational propagating degree of freedom in the scalar, pseudoscalar, vector, as well as pseudovector modes. In addition, we find that the scalar and tensor perturbations have exactly the same form as their counterparts in usual general relativity with scalar field, except that the factor of reduced Planck mass squared M{sub pl}{sup 2}?1/(8?G) that occurs in the latter has now been replaced by an effective time-dependent gravitational coupling ?2(df/dT)|{sub T=T{sub 0}}, with T{sub 0} being the background torsion scalar. The absence of extra degrees of freedom of f(T) gravity at second order linear perturbation indicates that f(T) gravity is highly nonlinear. Consequently one cannot conclusively analyze stability of the theory without performing nonlinear analysis that can reveal the propagation of the extra degrees of freedom.
Degrees in Metallurgy and Materials
Birmingham, University of
Degrees in Metallurgy and Materials Course outline School of Metallurgy and Materials Materials us? Dr Alessandro Mottura Undergraduate Admissions Tutor for Metallurgy and Materials What difference will you make? #12;Degrees in Metallurgy and Materials Understanding the properties of new materials
The leak resistance of 2-inch N-80 API treaded tubular connection
Weiner, Peter Douglas
1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
-UPS OF 2-INCH N-80 EUE TUBING 15 17 13 FRONTAL VIEW OF TEST TANK 14 TEST TA1K 15 PRESSURE TEST DATA SHEET 16 LONG DURATION TANK 18 19 21 22 THE LEAK RESISTANCE OF 2-INCH N-80 API ~ED TUBULAR CONNECTION INTROI3UCTION In recent years, well depths... tension until an equivalent pull of 18, 000 feet of tubing was exerted. on the tubing. Each specimen was subJected to from 50 to 100 thermocycles to simulate the shut-in and. flow conditions in an oil well and to increase the severity of the pressure...
Ivan Dimitrijevic; Branko Dragovich; Jelena Grujic; Zoran Rakic
2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
We consider some aspects of nonlocal modified gravity, where nonlocality is of the type $R \\mathcal{F}(\\Box) R$. In particular, using ansatz of the form $\\Box R = c R^\\gamma,$ we find a few $R(t)$ solutions for the spatially flat FLRW metric. There are singular and nonsingular bounce solutions. For late cosmic time, scalar curvature R(t) is in low regime and scale factor a(t) is decelerated. R (t) = 0 satisfies all equations when k = -1.
Ning Wu
2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is well-known that energy-momentum is the source of gravitational field. For a long time, it is generally believed that only stars with huge masses can generate strong gravitational field. Based on the unified theory of gravitational interactions and electromagnetic interactions, a new mechanism of the generation of gravitational field is studied. According to this mechanism, in some special conditions, electromagnetic energy can be directly converted into gravitational energy, and strong gravitational field can be generated without massive stars. Gravity impulse found in experiments is generated by this mechanism.
Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Rosseel, Jan [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Hohm, Olaf [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Townsend, Paul K. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The physical modes of a recently proposed D-dimensional 'critical gravity', linearized about its anti-de Sitter vacuum, are investigated. All 'log mode' solutions, which we categorize as 'spin-2' or 'Proca', arise as limits of the massive spin-2 modes of the noncritical theory. The linearized Einstein tensor of a spin-2 log mode is itself a 'nongauge' solution of the linearized Einstein equations whereas the linearized Einstein tensor of a Proca mode takes the form of a linearized general coordinate transformation. Our results suggest the existence of a holographically dual logarithmic conformal field theory.
Reduced models for quantum gravity
T. Thiemann
1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
The preceding talks given at this conference have dealt mainly with general ideas for, main problems of and techniques for the task of quantizing gravity canonically. Since one of the major motivations to arrange for this meeting was that it should serve as a beginner's introduction to canonical quantum gravity, we regard it as important to demonstrate the usefulness of the formalism by means of applying it to simplified models of quantum gravity, here formulated in terms of Ashtekar's new variables. From the various, completely solvable, models that have been discussed in the literature we choose those that we consider as most suitable for our pedagogical reasons, namely 2+1 gravity and the spherically symmetric model. The former model arises from a dimensional, the latter from a Killing reduction of full 3+1 gravity. While 2+1 gravity is usually treated in terms of closed topologies without boundary of the initial data hypersurface, the toplogy for the spherically symmetric system is chosen to be asymptotically flat. Finally, 2+1 gravity is more suitably quantized using the loop representation while spherically symmetric gravity is easier to quantize via the self-dual representation. Accordingly, both types of reductions, both types of topologies and both types of representations that are mainly employed in the literature in the context of the new variables come into practice. What makes the discussion especially clear is the fact that for both models the reduced phase space turns out to be finitely dimensional.
Canonical Analysis of Unimodular Gravity
J. Kluson
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
This short note is devoted to the Hamiltonian analysis of the Unimodular Gravity.We treat the unimodular gravity as General Relativity action with the unimodular constraint imposed with the help of Lagrange multiplier. We perform the canonical analysis of the resulting theory and determine its constraint structure.
Vacuum energy: quantum hydrodynamics vs quantum gravity
G. E. Volovik
2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We compare quantum hydrodynamics and quantum gravity. They share many common features. In particular, both have quadratic divergences, and both lead to the problem of the vacuum energy, which in the quantum gravity transforms to the cosmological constant problem. We show that in quantum liquids the vacuum energy density is not determined by the quantum zero-point energy of the phonon modes. The energy density of the vacuum is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the liquid including the radius of the liquid droplet. In the same manner the cosmological constant is not determined by the zero-point energy of quantum fields. It is much smaller and is determined by the classical macroscopic parameters of the Universe dynamics: the Hubble radius, the Newton constant and the energy density of matter. The same may hold for the Higgs mass problem: the quadratically divergent quantum correction to the Higgs potential mass term is also cancelled by the microscopic (trans-Planckian) degrees of freedom due to thermodynamic stability of the whole quantum vacuum.
FINDYOUR FOCUS. 184 degree programs
Mohaghegh, Shahab
) forensic and investigative science psychology environmental protection sport management physics public has 350+ student organizations, including the Fashion Business Association, Society of Women EngineersFINDYOUR FOCUS. #12;184 degree programs Including: mechanical engineering (Travis's choice
Degree design of coupled infrastructures
Hover, Franz S.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A recent asymptotic model of cascading failure in two-domain, coupled infrastructures is used to pose and solve a specific degree-distribution design problem. Low-order non-linear analysis exposes the mechanisms by which ...
Enumeration Degrees Mariya I. Soskova
Soskova, Mariya I.
#12;Bibliography S. B. Cooper, Computability Theory, Chapman & Hall/CRC Mathematics, Boca Raton, FL, 2004. R. I. Soare, Recursively Enumerable Sets and Degrees, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987. H
AdS Chern-Simons Gravity induces Conformal Gravity
Rodrigo Aros; Danilo E. Diaz
2013-12-25T23:59:59.000Z
The leitmotif of this paper is the question of whether four- and higher even-dimensional Conformal Gravities do have a Chern-Simons pedigree. We show that Weyl gravity can be obtained as dimensional reduction of a five-dimensional Chern-Simons action for a suitable (gauged-fixed, tractor-like) five-dimensional AdS connection. The gauge-fixing and dimensional reduction program admits a readily generalization to higher dimensions for the case of certain conformal gravities obtained by contractions of the Weyl tensor.
The dynamics of metric-affine gravity
Vitagliano, Vincenzo, E-mail: vitaglia@sissa.it [SISSA-International School for Advanced Studies, Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sez. di Trieste, Via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Sotiriou, Thomas P., E-mail: T.Sotiriou@damtp.cam.ac.uk [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Liberati, Stefano, E-mail: liberati@sissa.it [SISSA-International School for Advanced Studies, Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sez. di Trieste, Via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy)
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Highlights: > The role and the dynamics of the connection in metric-affine theories is explored. > The most general second order action does not lead to a dynamical connection. > Including higher order invariants excites new degrees of freedom in the connection. > f(R) actions are also discussed and shown to be a non- representative class. - Abstract: Metric-affine theories of gravity provide an interesting alternative to general relativity: in such an approach, the metric and the affine (not necessarily symmetric) connection are independent quantities. Furthermore, the action should include covariant derivatives of the matter fields, with the covariant derivative naturally defined using the independent connection. As a result, in metric-affine theories a direct coupling involving matter and connection is also present. The role and the dynamics of the connection in such theories is explored. We employ power counting in order to construct the action and search for the minimal requirements it should satisfy for the connection to be dynamical. We find that for the most general action containing lower order invariants of the curvature and the torsion the independent connection does not carry any dynamics. It actually reduces to the role of an auxiliary field and can be completely eliminated algebraically in favour of the metric and the matter field, introducing extra interactions with respect to general relativity. However, we also show that including higher order terms in the action radically changes this picture and excites new degrees of freedom in the connection, making it (or parts of it) dynamical. Constructing actions that constitute exceptions to this rule requires significant fine tuned and/or extra a priori constraints on the connection. We also consider f(R) actions as a particular example in order to show that they constitute a distinct class of metric-affine theories with special properties, and as such they cannot be used as representative toy theories to study the properties of metric-affine gravity.
M. G. Romania; N. C. Tsamis; R. P. Woodard
2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
We review some perturbative results obtained in quantum gravity in an accelerating cosmological background. We then describe a class of non-local, purely gravitational models which have the correct structure to reproduce the leading infrared logarithms of quantum gravitational back-reaction during the inflationary regime. These models end inflation in a distinctive phase of oscillations with slight and short violations of the weak energy condition and should, when coupled to matter, lead to rapid reheating. By elaborating this class of models we exhibit one that has the same behaviour during inflation, goes quiescent until the onset of matter domination, and induces a small, positive cosmological constant of about the right size thereafter. We also briefly comment on the primordial density perturbations that this class of models predict.
Henneaux, Marc; Teitelboim, Claudio [Physique Theorique et Mathematique and International Solvay Institutes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Plaine C. P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium) and Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile)
2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that duality transformations of linearized gravity in four dimensions, i.e., rotations of the linearized Riemann tensor and its dual into each other, can be extended to the dynamical fields of the theory so as to be symmetries of the action and not just symmetries of the equations of motion. Our approach relies on the introduction of two superpotentials, one for the spatial components of the spin-2 field and the other for their canonically conjugate momenta. These superpotentials are two-index, symmetric tensors. They can be taken to be the basic dynamical fields and appear locally in the action. They are simply rotated into each other under duality. In terms of the superpotentials, the canonical generator of duality rotations is found to have a Chern-Simons-like structure, as in the Maxwell case.
Kay, Bernard S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We give an account of the matter-gravity entanglement hypothesis which, unlike the standard approach to entropy based on coarse-graining, offers a definition for the entropy of a closed system as a real and objective quantity. We explain how this new approach offers an explanation for the Second Law of Thermodynamics in general and a non-paradoxical understanding of information loss during black hole formation and evaporation in particular. We also very briefly review some recent related work on the nature of equilibrium states involving quantum black holes and point out how it promises to resolve some puzzling issues in the current version of the string theory approach to black hole entropy.
Natural Inflation and Quantum Gravity
Anton de la Fuente; Prashant Saraswat; Raman Sundrum
2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
Cosmic Inflation provides an attractive framework for understanding the early universe and the cosmic microwave background. It can readily involve energies close to the scale at which Quantum Gravity effects become important. General considerations of black hole quantum mechanics suggest nontrivial constraints on any effective field theory model of inflation that emerges as a low-energy limit of quantum gravity, in particular the constraint of the Weak Gravity Conjecture. We show that higher-dimensional gauge and gravitational dynamics can elegantly satisfy these constraints and lead to a viable, theoretically-controlled and predictive class of Natural Inflation models.
Riding Gravity Away from Doomsday
Sen, Ashoke
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The discovery that most of the energy density in the universe is stored in the form of dark energy has profound consequences for our future. In particular our current limited understanding of quantum theory of gravity indicates that some time in the future our universe will undergo a phase transition that will destroy us and everything else around us instantaneously. However the laws of gravity also suggest a way out -- some of our descendants could survive this catastrophe by riding gravity away from the danger. In this essay I describe the tale of this escape from doomsday.
Riding Gravity Away from Doomsday
Ashoke Sen
2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
The discovery that most of the energy density in the universe is stored in the form of dark energy has profound consequences for our future. In particular our current limited understanding of quantum theory of gravity indicates that some time in the future our universe will undergo a phase transition that will destroy us and everything else around us instantaneously. However the laws of gravity also suggest a way out -- some of our descendants could survive this catastrophe by riding gravity away from the danger. In this essay I describe the tale of this escape from doomsday.
Boyer, Edmond
How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI Context Energy-efficiency major concern in data centers Existing approaches work for physical servers consumption in virtualized environments Measurements are first step towards energy-efficient data centers Host
Testing gravity with halo density profiles observed through gravitational lensing
Narikawa, Tatsuya; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro, E-mail: narikawa@theo.phys.sci.hiroshima-u.ac.jp, E-mail: kazuhiro@hiroshima-u.ac.jp [Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new test of the modified gravity endowed with the Vainshtein mechanism with the density profile of a galaxy cluster halo observed through gravitational lensing. A scalar degree of freedom in the galileon modified gravity is screened by the Vainshtein mechanism to recover Newtonian gravity in high-density regions, however it might not be completely hidden on the outer side of a cluster of galaxies. Then the modified gravity might yield an observational signature in a surface mass density of a cluster of galaxies measured through gravitational lensing, since the scalar field could contribute to the lensing potential. We investigate how the transition in the Vainshtein mechanism affects the surface mass density observed through gravitational lensing, assuming that the density profile of a cluster of galaxies follows the original Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) profile, the generalized NFW profile and the Einasto profile. We compare the theoretical predictions with observational results of the surface mass density reported recently by other researchers. We obtain constraints on the amplitude and the typical scale of the transition in the Vainshtein mechanism in a subclass of the generalized galileon model.
Critical Gravity in Four Dimensions
Lue, H. [China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081 (China); Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University, Nanhai Avenue 3688, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Pope, C. N. [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge University, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 OWA (United Kingdom)
2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We study four-dimensional gravity theories that are rendered renormalizable by the inclusion of curvature-squared terms to the usual Einstein action with a cosmological constant. By choosing the parameters appropriately, the massive scalar mode can be eliminated and the massive spin-2 mode can become massless. This ''critical'' theory may be viewed as a four-dimensional analogue of chiral topologically massive gravity, or of critical 'new massive gravity' with a cosmological constant, in three dimensions. We find that the on-shell energy for the remaining massless gravitons vanishes. There are also logarithmic spin-2 modes, which have positive energy. The mass and entropy of standard Schwarzschild-type black holes vanish. The critical theory might provide a consistent toy model for quantum gravity in four dimensions.
Quantum Gravity: Motivations and Alternatives
Reiner Hedrich
2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
The mutual conceptual incompatibility between GR and QM/QFT is generally seen as the most essential motivation for the development of a theory of Quantum Gravity (QG). It leads to the insight that, if gravity is a fundamental interaction and QM is universally valid, the gravitational field will have to be quantized, not at least because of the inconsistency of semi-classical theories of gravity. If this means to quantize GR, its identification of the gravitational field with the spacetime metric has to be taken into account. And the resulting quantum theory has to be background-independent. This can not be achieved by means of quantum field theoretical procedures. More sophisticated strategies have to be applied. One of the basic requirements for such a quantization strategy is that the resulting quantum theory has GR as a classical limit. - However, should gravity not be a fundamental, but an residual, emergent interaction, it could very well be an intrinsically classical phenomenon. Should QM be nonetheless universally valid, we had to assume a quantum substrate from which gravity would result as an emergent classical phenomenon. And there would be no conflict with the arguments against semi-classical theories, because there would be no gravity at all on the substrate level. The gravitational field would not have any quantum properties, and a quantization of GR would not lead to any fundamental theory. The objective of a theory of 'QG' would instead be the identification of the quantum substrate from which gravity results. - The paper tries to give an overview over the main options for theory construction in the field of QG. Because of the still unclear status of gravity and spacetime, it pleads for the necessity of a plurality of conceptually different approaches to QG.
Einstein gravity as the thermodynamic limit of an underlying quantum statistics
T. P. Singh
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The black hole area theorem suggests that classical general relativity is the thermodynamic limit of a quantum statistics. The degrees of freedom of the statistical theory cannot be the spacetime metric. We argue that the statistical theory should be constructed from a noncommutative gravity, whose classical, and thermodynamic, approximation is Einstein gravity. The noncommutative gravity theory exhibits a duality between quantum fields and macroscopic black holes, which is used to show that the black hole possesses an entropy of the order of its area. The principle on which this work is based also provides a possible explanation for the smallness of the cosmological constant, and for the quantum measurement problem, indicating that this is a promising avenue towards the merger of quantum mechanics and gravity.
Critical gravity as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in anti de Sitter space
Yun Soo Myung
2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We consider critical gravity as van Dam-Vletman-Zakharov (vDVZ) discontinuity in anti de Sitter space. For this purpose, we introduce the higher curvature gravity. This discontinuity can be confirmed by calculating the residues of relevant poles explicitly. For the non-critical gravity of $0
Infrared modified gravity with dynamical torsion
Nikiforova, V. [Physics Department, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899 (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect, 7a, Moscow, 117312 (Russian Federation); Randjbar-Daemi, S. [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, I-34014, Trieste (Italy); Rubakov, V. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect, 7a, Moscow, 117312 (Russian Federation)
2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We continue the recent study of the possibility of constructing a consistent infrared modification of gravity by treating the vierbein and connection as independent dynamical fields. We present the generalized Fierz-Pauli equation that governs the propagation of a massive spin-2 mode in a model of this sort in the backgrounds of arbitrary torsionless Einstein manifolds. We show explicitly that the number of propagating degrees of freedom in these backgrounds remains the same as in flat space-time. This generalizes the recent result that the Boulware-Deser phenomenon does not occur in de Sitter and anti-de Sitter backgrounds. We find that, at least for weakly curved backgrounds, there are no ghosts in the model. We also discuss the interaction of sources in flat background. It is generally believed that the spinning matter is the only source of torsion. Our flat space study shows that this is not the case. We demonstrate that an ordinary conserved symmetric energy-momentum tensor can also generate torsion fields and thus excite massive spin-2 degrees of freedom.
III. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS FACULTY RULES THAT GOVERN DEGREES AND DEGREE PROGRAMS)
Jones, Michelle
18 III. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS FACULTY RULES THAT GOVERN DEGREES AND DEGREE PROGRAMS) 3335-5-14 Powers for a graduate degree 3335-9-32 Requirements for a professional degree DEGREES AND DEGREE PROGRAMS NOTE: If you PROGRAM PROPOSALS Completion of this form serves as a degree program proposal and provides information
Van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in topologically new massive gravity
Yun Soo Myung
2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity in the topologically new massive gravity (TNMG). The reduction from 2 degrees of freedom to one is interpreted as van Dam-Veltman-Zakharov discontinuity appeared when going from anti-de Sitter spacetime to Minkowski spacetime in the linearized TNMG.
Finance Degree Curriculum Information Sheet
Lin, Xiaodong
Finance Degree Curriculum Information Sheet Business Core 33:010:275-Intro. to Managerial:390:310-Financial Management for Finance Majors (3)* 33:620:301-Intro to Management (3)** 33:620:302-Management Management (3) Required Finance Courses 33:390:380-Investment Analysis (3) (pre-req: 33:390:310) 33
Finance Degree Curriculum Information Sheet
Lin, Xiaodong
Finance Degree Curriculum Information Sheet 33:010:275-Intro. to Managerial Accounting (3) (pre-req: 33:010:272) 33:011:300-Business Forum (2) 33:390:310-Financial Management for Finance Majors (3)* 33:390:400-Corporate Finance (3) (pre-req: 33:390:310) 4 Finance electives (12) * Beginning Fall 2013
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden Z I Y I X I O N G Fiber till hemmet (Fiber-to-the-Home, FTTH) har talats om sedan fiber introducerades pÃ¥ 1970-talet. Det
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems First level, 15.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden A B D E L A H M I D into many devices. The goal of this thesis project is to build upon this trend toward "The internet vara enkel och billig. Den kommer att trÃ¥dlÃ¶st eller via USB skicka vikter till en mottagare som sedan
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden Z H A N G Y UA N H locations to which you must communicate with to access the object). In this thesis project a publish / prenumerera nÃ¤tverk och sedan anvÃ¤nds i utformningen, genomfÃ¶randet, och utvÃ¤rdering av en publicera
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems First level, 15.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden J A R R A R J A F F vara lÃ¤mpligt att ta smÃ¥ men visa steg dÃ¤r de fÃ¶rst kan lÃ¤ra sig anvÃ¤nda dessa verktyg fÃ¶r att sedan
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden M A N X I N G D U in upgrading their network capacity. However, an important conclusion from this thesis project be more efficient. It should be noted that the mobile terminals covered in the project are connected
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden E L M I R A K H O-bÃ¶nor till FXML. Den fÃ¶reslagna algoritmen har sedan utvÃ¤rderats genom automatiserade mjukvarutester
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems Second level, 30.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden N A R AYA N A N. The objective of the project is to evaluate and analyse the need for value added services in India. The report. Effekterna frÃ¥n innehÃ¥llsutvecklare och mjukvaruutvecklingen inom VAS diskuteras ocksÃ¥. Sedan kommer metoden
Degree project in Communication Systems
Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.
Degree project in Communication Systems First level, 15.0 HEC Stockholm, Sweden R A F I D K A R I M is considered by many to be a driving force in the next generation Internet. This project uses very in expensive the desired user functionality. This bachelor's thesis project made it possible for a PoE powered circuit
DEGREE REQUIREMENTS BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY
Walter, M.Todd
DEGREE REQUIREMENTS BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY The curriculum in the technology programs must satisfy the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS for the technology programs are listed by subject matter in three major categories: (A) Basic Subjects, (B) Advanced
Conformal Lifshitz Gravity from Holography
Tom Griffin; Petr Horava; Charles M. Melby-Thompson
2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We show that holographic renormalization of relativistic gravity in asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes naturally reproduces the structure of gravity with anisotropic scaling: The holographic counterterms induced near anisotropic infinity take the form of the action for gravity at a Lifshitz point, with the appropriate value of the dynamical critical exponent $z$. In the particular case of 3+1 bulk dimensions and $z=2$ asymptotic scaling near infinity, we find a logarithmic counterterm, related to anisotropic Weyl anomaly of the dual CFT, and show that this counterterm reproduces precisely the action of conformal gravity at a $z=2$ Lifshitz point in 2+1 dimensions, which enjoys anisotropic local Weyl invariance and satisfies the detailed balance condition. We explain how the detailed balance is a consequence of relations among holographic counterterms, and point out that a similar relation holds in the relativistic case of holography in $AdS_5$. Upon analytic continuation, analogous to the relativistic case studied recently by Maldacena, the action of conformal gravity at the $z=2$ Lifshitz point features in the ground-state wavefunction of a gravitational system with an interesting type of spatial anisotropy.
Vann, C.S.
1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing. 3 figs.
Vann, Charles S. (Fremont, CA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This small, non-contact optical sensor increases the capability and flexibility of computer controlled machines by detecting its relative position to a workpiece in all six degrees of freedom (DOF). At a fraction of the cost, it is over 200 times faster and up to 25 times more accurate than competing 3-DOF sensors. Applications range from flexible manufacturing to a 6-DOF mouse for computers. Until now, highly agile and accurate machines have been limited by their inability to adjust to changes in their tasks. By enabling them to sense all six degrees of position, these machines can now adapt to new and complicated tasks without human intervention or delay--simplifying production, reducing costs, and enhancing the value and capability of flexible manufacturing.
Energy bounds in designer gravity
Amsel, Aaron J.; Marolf, Donald [Physics Department, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)
2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider asymptotically anti-de Sitter gravity coupled to tachyonic scalar fields with mass at or slightly above the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound in d{>=}4 spacetime dimensions. The boundary conditions in these ''designer gravity'' theories are defined in terms of an arbitrary function W. We give a general argument that the Hamiltonian generators of asymptotic symmetries for such systems will be finite, and proceed to construct these generators using the covariant phase space method. The direct calculation confirms that the generators are finite and shows that they take the form of the pure gravity result plus additional contributions from the scalar fields. By comparing the generators to the spinor charge, we derive a lower bound on the gravitational energy when W has a global minimum and the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound is not saturated.
Counterterms, critical gravity and holography
Kallol Sen; Aninda Sinha; Nemani V. Suryanarayana
2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider counterterms for odd dimensional holographic CFTs. These counterterms are derived by demanding cut-off independence of the CFT partition function on $S^d$ and $S^1 \\times S^{d-1}$. The same choice of counterterms leads to a cut-off independent Schwarzschild black hole entropy. When treated as independent actions, these counterterm actions resemble critical theories of gravity, i.e., higher curvature gravity theories where the additional massive spin-2 modes become massless. Equivalently, in the context of AdS/CFT, these are theories where at least one of the central charges associated with the trace anomaly vanishes. Connections between these theories and logarithmic CFTs are discussed. For a specific choice of parameters, the theories arising from counterterms are non-dynamical and resemble a DBI generalization of gravity. For even dimensional CFTs, analogous counterterms cancel log-independent cut-off dependence.
Stability of the self-accelerating universe in massive gravity
Khosravi, Nima [Cosmology Group, African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Muizenberg, 7945 (South Africa); Niz, Gustavo; Koyama, Kazuya; Tasinato, Gianmassimo, E-mail: nima@aims.ac.za, E-mail: g.niz@ugto.mx, E-mail: Kazuya.Koyama@port.ac.uk, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study linear perturbations around time dependent spherically symmetric solutions in the ?{sub 3} massive gravity theory, which self-accelerate in the vacuum. We find that the dynamics of the scalar perturbations depend on the choice of the fiducial metric for the background solutions. For particular choice of fiducial metric there is a symmetry enhancement, leaving no propagating scalar degrees of freedom at linear order in perturbations. In contrast, any other choice propagates a single scalar mode. We find that the Hamiltonian of this scalar mode is unbounded from below for all self-accelerating solutions, signalling an instability.
{Lambda}CDM universe in f(R) gravity
Dunsby, Peter K. S. [Centre for Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7701 (South Africa); Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, Cape Town (South Africa); South African Astronomical Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town (South Africa); Elizalde, Emilio; Saez-Gomez, Diego [Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, ICE (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Facultat Ciencies, Torre C5-Par-2a pl, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Goswami, Rituparno [Centre for Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, 7701 (South Africa); Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, Cape Town (South Africa); Odintsov, Sergei [Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, ICE (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, Facultat Ciencies, Torre C5-Par-2a pl, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona (Spain)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Several different explicit reconstructions of f(R) gravity are obtained from the background Friedmann-Laimatre-Robertson-Walker expansion history. It is shown that the only theory whose Lagrangian is a simple function of the Ricci scalar R, that admits an exact {Lambda}CDM expansion history, is standard general relativity with a positive cosmological constant and the only way to obtain this behavior of the scale factor for more general functions of R is to add additional degrees of freedom to the matter sector.
Translation invariant time-dependent massive gravity: Hamiltonian analysis
Jihad Mourad; Karim Noui; Danièle A. Steer
2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
The canonical structure of the massive gravity in the first order moving frame formalism is studied. We work in the simplified context of translation invariant fields, with mass terms given by general non-derivative interactions, invariant under the diagonal Lorentz group, depending on the moving frame as well as a fixed reference frame. We prove that the only mass terms which give 5 propagating degrees of freedom are the dRGT mass terms, namely those which are linear in the lapse. We also complete the Hamiltonian analysis with the dynamical evolution of the system.
Fluid Gravity Engineering Rocket motor flow analysis
Anand, Mahesh
Fluid Gravity Engineering Capability Â· Rocket motor flow analysis -Internal (performance) -External (plume / contamination) Â· Effect on landing site (surface alteration) -In-depth flow through porous young scientists/engineers Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd #12;
MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREES IN Risk Management
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREES IN Risk Management About Queens College Often referred to as "the jewel.92$4#"!,&&%"*)0&$(.&/$6):,$)$-#")5,#$)*5$5,,4,#$&'%00$ &,/$%!$/6,7$6"4,$/"$&/)7$"*$/"4$"!$/6,%#$3,05&; Queens College master's degrees in Risk Management will help Master's Degrees in Risk Management Queens College offers 30credit MS in Risk Management degrees
Taught degrees Graduate Diploma in Economics
Sussex, University of
Essentials Taught degrees Graduate Diploma in Economics MSc in Development Economics MSc in Economics MSc in International Economics Research degrees MPhil, PhD in Economics Related degrees MSc in a subject other than economics or a lower second-class undergraduate degree in economics MSc A first
Properties of real networks: degree distribution
Albert, Réka
Properties of real networks: degree distribution Nodes with small degrees are most frequent;Degree distributions in networks of science collaborations Coauthor, neurosci. 21. )( kkP Coauthor, HEP (2001) )(kP #12;Metabolic networks have a power-law degree distribution H. Jeong et al., Nature 407, 651
Tian, David Wenjie
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
According to Lovelock's theorem, the Hilbert-Einstein and the Lovelock actions are indistinguishable from their field equations. However, they have different scalar-tensor counterparts, which correspond to the Brans-Dicke and the \\emph{Lovelock-Brans-Dicke} (LBD) gravities, respectively. In this paper the LBD model of alternative gravity with the Lagrangian density $\\mathscr{L}_{\\text{LBD}}=\\frac{1}{16\\pi}\\left[\\phi\\left(R+\\frac{a}{\\sqrt{-g}}{}^*RR + b\\mathcal{G}\\right)-\\frac{\\omega_{\\text L}}{\\phi}\
David Wenjie Tian; Ivan Booth
2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
According to Lovelock's theorem, the Hilbert-Einstein and the Lovelock actions are indistinguishable from their field equations. However, they have different scalar-tensor counterparts, which correspond to the Brans-Dicke and the \\emph{Lovelock-Brans-Dicke} (LBD) gravities, respectively. In this paper the LBD model of alternative gravity with the Lagrangian density $\\mathscr{L}_{\\text{LBD}}=\\frac{1}{16\\pi}[\\phi(R+\\frac{a}{\\sqrt{-g}}{}^*RR + b\\mathcal{G})-\\frac{\\omega_{\\text L}}{\\phi}\
Intrusive gravity currents in two-layer
Flynn, Morris R.
Intrusive gravity currents in two-layer stratified media Morris R. Flynn & Paul F. Linden Dept.avalanche.org/pictures #12;· `Microbursts' pose a non-trivial threat to airplane safety Introduction Impacts on human health;· Whereas gravity currents travel along a solid boundary, intrusive gravity currents or intrusions propagate
3Degrees | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki Home Jweers's APTA BasicEnergyValleyDegrees
Non-Linear Massive Gravity with Additional Primary Constraint and Absence of Ghosts
J. Kluson
2012-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
We complete the Hamiltonian analysis of specific model of non-linear massive gravity that was started in arXiv:1112.5267. We identify the primary constraint and corresponding secondary constraint. We show that they are the second class constraints and hence they lead to the elimination of the additional scalar mode. We also find that the remaining constraints are the first class constraints with the structure that corresponds to the manifestly diffeomorphism invariant theory. Finally we determine the number of physical degrees of freedom and we show that it corresponds to the number of physical modes of massive gravity.
How is affected the thermodynamic description of physical systems when gravity is incorporated?
W. A. Rojas C.; R. Arenas S
2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
This research is aimed at the revision of the thermodynamic concepts and their relationship with the General Relativity Theory (GRT) and how physical systems are affected when gravity is included in their thermodynamic description. We found that in the case of light, the entropy in an extreme stage is proportional to the area. This is due to a reduction of freedom degrees of the system, since gravity imposes constraint on the number of microstates which are accessible to the system and this is consistent with the holographic principle.
The JPL lunar gravity field to spherical harmonic degree 660 from the GRAIL Primary Mission
Zuber, Maria
. Konopliv,1 Ryan S. Park,1 Dah-Ning Yuan,1 Sami W. Asmar,1 Michael M. Watkins,1 James G. Williams,1 Eugene
Quantum Gravity and Precision Tests
C. P. Burgess
2006-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
This article provides a cartoon of the quantization of General Relativity using the ideas of effective field theory. These ideas underpin the use of General Relativity as a theory from which precise predictions are possible, since they show why quantum corrections to standard classical calculations are small. Quantum corrections can be computed controllably provided they are made for the weakly-curved geometries associated with precision tests of General Relativity, such as within the solar system or for binary pulsars. They also bring gravity back into the mainstream of physics, by showing that its quantization (at low energies) exactly parallels the quantization of other, better understood, non-renormalizable field theories which arise elsewhere in physics. Of course effective field theory techniques do not solve the fundamental problems of quantum gravity discussed elsewhere in these pages, but they do helpfully show that these problems are specific to applications on very small distance scales. They also show why we may safely reject any proposals to modify gravity at long distances if these involve low-energy problems (like ghosts or instabilities), since such problems are unlikely to be removed by the details of the ultimate understanding of gravity at microscopic scales.
Thomas Rauch
2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
NLTE spectral analyses of high-gravity central stars by means of state-of-the-art model atmosphere techniques provide information about the precursor AGB stars. The hydrogen-deficient post-AGB stars allow investigations on the intershell matter which is apparently exhibited at the stellar surface. We summarize recent results from imaging, spectroscopy, and spectropolarimetry.
Antimatter, the SME, and Gravity
Jay D. Tasson
2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
A general field-theoretic framework for the analysis of CPT and Lorentz violation is provided by the Standard-Model Extension (SME). This work discusses a number of SME-based proposals for tests of CPT and Lorentz symmetry, including antihydrogen spectroscopy and antimatter gravity tests.
Antimatter, the SME, and Gravity
Tasson, Jay D
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A general field-theoretic framework for the analysis of CPT and Lorentz violation is provided by the Standard-Model Extension (SME). This work discusses a number of SME-based proposals for tests of CPT and Lorentz symmetry, including antihydrogen spectroscopy and antimatter gravity tests.
Liouville quantum gravity and KPZ
Duplantier, Bertrand
Consider a bounded planar domain D, an instance h of the Gaussian free field on D, with Dirichlet energy ... and a constant 0[less than or equal to]?<2. The Liouville quantum gravity measure on D is the weak limit as ...
Particle classification and dynamics in GL(2,C) gravity
Stern, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A relatively simple approach to noncommutative gravity utilizes the gauge theory formulation of general relativity and involves replacing the Lorentz gauge group by a larger group. This results in additional field degrees of freedom which either must be constrained to vanish in a nontrivial way or require physical interpretation. With the latter in mind, we examine the coupling of the additional fields to point particles. Nonstandard particle degrees of freedom should be introduced in order to write down the most general coupling. The example we study is the GL(2,C) central extension of gravity given by Chamseddine, which contains two U(1) gauge fields and a complex vierbein matrix, along with the usual spin connections. For the general coupling one should then attach two U(1) charges and a complex momentum vector to the particle, along with the spin. The momenta span orbits in a four-dimensional complex vector space and are classified by GL(2,C) invariants and by their little groups. In addition to orbits associated with standard massive and massless particles, a number of novel orbits can be identified. We write down a general action principle for particles associated with any nontrivial orbit and show that it leads to corrections to geodesic motion. We also examine the classical and quantum theory of the particle in flat space-time.
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering
Suzuki, Masatsugu
control, information technologies, and electronics and solar power assembly and reliability. Students solving. Students delve into systems modeling and simulation, systems design and the simplificationUNDERGRADUATE DEGREES Industrial and Systems Engineering The Bachelor's Degree in Industrial
Laser Ranging Delay in the Bi-Metric Theory of Gravity
Sergei M. Kopeikin; Wei-Tou Ni
2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a linearized bi-metric theory of gravity with two metrics. The metric g_{ab} describes null hypersurfaces of the gravitational field while light moves on null hypersurfaces of the optical metric \\bar{g}_{ab}. Bi-metrism naturally arises in vector-tensor theories with matter being non-minimally coupled to gravity via long-range vector field. We derive explicit Lorentz-invariant solution for a light ray propagating in space-time of the bi-metric theory and disentangle relativistic effects associated with the two metrics. This anlysis can be valuable for future spaceborne laser missions ASTROD and LATOR dedicated to map various relativistic gravity parameters in the solar system to unparalleled degree of accuracy.
JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS DEFINITION AND POLICY
Omiecinski, Curtis
1 JOINT DEGREE PROGRAMS DEFINITION AND POLICY: Within the fields of medicine and law, dual training for such complementary training can be demonstrated, the creation of a formal "Joint" degree program in which students or MD) offered at Penn State may be warranted. Such Joint degree programs enhance the educational
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Walkley, Mark
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES SCHOOL OF ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 01 Undergraduate Degrees 2015 School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering FACULTY OF ENGINEERING #12;www.engineering.leeds.ac.uk/electronic UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES SCHOOL OF ELECTRONIC AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 02 03 The global electronics industry
Computer Science BSc (Single Honours Degree)
Brierley, Andrew
72 Computer Science BSc (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Computer Science and one of: Economics Logic and Philosophy of Science Management Management Science MSci (Single Honours Degree) Computer Science Entry Requirements (see also pages 152-189) The likely grades
Axions in gravity with torsion
Oscar Castillo-Felisola; Cristobal Corral; Sergey Kovalenko; Ivan Schmidt; Valery E. Lyubovitskij
2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
We study a scenario allowing a solution of the strong charge parity problem via the Peccei-Quinn mechanism, implemented in gravity with torsion. In this framework there appears a torsion-related pseudoscalar field known as Kalb-Ramond axion. We compare it with the so-called Barbero-Immirzi axion recently proposed in the literature also in the context of the gravity with torsion. We show that they are equivalent from the viewpoint of the effective theory. The phenomenology of these torsion-descended axions is completely determined by the Planck scale without any additional model parameters. These axions are very light and very weakly interacting with ordinary matter. We briefly comment on their astrophysical and cosmological implications in view of the recent BICEP2 and Planck data.
Axions in gravity with torsion
Castillo-Felisola, Oscar; Kovalenko, Sergey; Schmidt, Ivan; Lyubovitskij, Valery E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study a scenario allowing a solution of the strong CP-problem via the Peccei-Quinn mechanism, implemented in gravity with torsion. In this framework there appears a torsion-related pseudoscalar field known as Kalb-Ramond axion. We compare it with the so called Barbero-Immirzi axion recently proposed in the literature also in the context of the gravity with torsion. We show that they are equivalent from the view point of the effective theory. The phenomenology of these torsion-descended axions is completely determined by the Planck scale without any additional model parameters. These axions are very light and very weakly interacting with ordinary matter. We briefly comment on their astrophysical and cosmological implications in view of the recent BICEP2 and Planck data.
New Model of Inflation with Non-minimal Derivative Coupling of Standard Model Higgs Boson to Gravity
Cristiano Germani; Alex Kehagias
2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we show that there is a unique non-minimal derivative coupling of the Standard Model Higgs boson to gravity such that: it propagates no more degrees of freedom than General Relativity sourced by a scalar field, reproduces a successful inflating background within the Standard Model Higgs parameters and, finally, does not suffer from dangerous quantum corrections.
Born-Infeld gravity in three dimensions
Alishahiha, Mohsen [School of physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Naseh, Ali [School of physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Soltanpanahi, Hesam [School of physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); School of Physics and Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, WITS 2050 Johannesburg (South Africa)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we explore different aspects of three dimensional Born-Infeld as well as Born-Infeld-Chern-Simons gravity. We show that the models have anti-de Sitter and anti-de Sitter wave vacuum solutions. Moreover, we observe that although Born-Infeld-Chern-Simons gravity admits a logarithmic solution, Born-Infeld gravity does not, though it has a limiting logarithmic solution as we approach the critical point.
Supersymmetry and Gravity in Noncommutative Field Theories
Victor O. Rivelles
2003-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the renormalization properties of noncommutative supersymmetric theories. We also discuss how the gauge field plays a role similar to gravity in noncommutative theories.
Crustal structure across the Campeche Escarpment, Gulf of Mexico, from gravity data
Henderson, Garry Couch
1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
CRUSTAL STRUCTURE ACROSS THE CAMPECHE ESCARPMENT, GULP OF MEXICO~ FROM GRAVITY DATA A Thesis GARRY C. HENDERSON Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1962 Ma]or Subject: Oceanography (Geophysical) A Thesis By CARRY C. HENDERSON Approved as to style and content hy: . Mi~ Chairman of the Committee Head of Department January 1962 TABLE OF CONTENTS...
Classical solutions of a torsion gravity from a large N matrix model
Isono, Hiroshi [Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Tomino, Dan [Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Large N matrices can describe covariant derivatives in curved space. Applying this interpretation to the Ishibashi, Kawai, Kitazawa, and Tsuchiya matrix model, the field equation of gravity is derived from the matrix equation of motion. We study classical solutions of this field equation with torsion degrees of freedom in empty spacetime. Time-dependent solutions with homogeneity and isotropy, and time-independent solutions with spherical symmetry are investigated under particular settings of torsions.
Modulation and kinematics of mechanically-generated short gravity waves riding on long waves
Spell, Charles Anthony
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering MODULATION AND KINEMATICS OF MECHANICALLY- GENERATED SHORT GRAVITY WAVES RIDING ON LONG WAVES A Thesis by C~S ANTHONY SPELL Approved as to style and content by: Jun Zhang... fundamental nonlinear wave interaction occurring in an irregular wave field. The objectives of the present study are now stated: ~ Generate a dual-component wave formed from the interaction of two inde- pendently propagating monochromatic wave trains in a...
Service Restorability inService Restorability in DegreeDegree--Based WavelengthBased Wavelength
Thompson, Dale R.
Based Topology Models Random Regular Well-known Structural/Hierarchical Degree-based/Power law #12;Flat Random the structure of the Internet #12;DegreeDegree--Based/Power Law ModelBased/Power Law Model Faloutsos et al. 1999 Previous network topology generator models were structural, but real-world networks follow degree- based
Gravity modeling of Cenozoic extensional basins, offshore Vietnam
Mauri, Steven Joseph
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(Yinggehai) basins. Gravity modeling results provide important clues to the controversial tectonic development of Southeast Asia during the Tertiary. Combined Bouguer and free-air gravity maps and residual gravity anomaly maps were generated for the study...
Negative mass solitons in gravity
Cebeci, Hakan; Sarioglu, Oezguer; Tekin, Bayram [Anadolu University, Department of Physics, Yunus Emre Campus, 26470, Eskisehir (Turkey); Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey)
2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We first reconstruct the conserved (Abbott-Deser) charges in the spin-connection formalism of gravity for asymptotically (Anti)-de Sitter spaces, and then compute the masses of the AdS soliton and the recently found Eguchi-Hanson solitons in generic odd dimensions, unlike the previous result obtained for only five dimensions. These solutions have negative masses compared to the global AdS or AdS/Z{sub p} spacetimes. As a separate note, we also compute the masses of the recent even dimensional Taub-NUT-Reissner-Nordstroem metrics.
Abdullayev, Azer
2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
: San Francisco oil from Columbia with specific gravity of 28o-29o API, Duri oil with gravity of 19o-21o API, Jobo oil with gravity of 8o-9o API and San Ardo oil gravity of 11o-13o API. The additive used in all of the experiments is petroleum distillate...
Bioinformatics and Genomics Degree Requirements Booklet
dePamphilis, Claude
Bioinformatics and Genomics Degree Requirements Booklet Fall 2010 #12;Contents Course Requirements Bioinformatics and Genomics Curriculum -------------------------------------------------------8 General #12;Bioinformatics and Genomics Option (BG
Crop and Soil Science Degree Checklist Name: ____________________________
Grünwald, Niklaus J.
and Soil Science Degree Checklist Name: ____________________________ ID Intensive (SOIL 325) (3) _______ HHS 231 Lifetime Fitness for Health (2. Global Issues (3) (*soil science electives meeting requirement) _______ Science
Kati Svehla Degree studying: MSc Sustainable
Mottram, Nigel
Kati Svehla Degree studying: MSc Sustainable Engineering: Renewable Energy Systems, beautiful architecture in the centre, and plenty of history, culture and entertainment on offer. At the same
Ground Gravity Survey At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Colwell...
Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date 2011 - 2011 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Gravity surveys were conducted to gain a better...
airborne gravity survey: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Gravity CERN Preprints Summary: Modified gravity theories may provide an alternative to dark energy to explain cosmic acceleration. We argue that the observational program...
Reconstruction of Einstein-Aether Gravity from other Modified Gravity Models
Chayan Ranjit; Ujjal Debnath
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly describe the modified Friedmann equations for Einstein-Aether gravity theory and we find the effective density and pressure. The purpose of our present work is to reconstruction of Einstein-Aether Gravity from other modified gravities like $f(T)$, $f(R)$, $f(G)$, $f(R,T)$ and $f(R,G)$ and check its viability. The scale factor is chosen in power law form. The free function $F(K)$ for Einstein-Aether gravity (where $K$ is proportional to $H^{2}$) have been found in terms for $K$ by the correspondence between Einstein-Aether gravity and other modified gravities and the nature of $F(K)$ vs $K$ have been shown graphically for every cases. Finally, we analyzed the stability of each reconstructed Einstein-Aether gravity model.
Conserved charges in 3D gravity
Blagojevic, M.; Cvetkovic, B. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)
2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.
The Superheavy Elements and Anti-Gravity
Anastasovski, Petar K. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Saints Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje (Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of)
2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
The essence of any propulsion concept is to overcome gravity. Anti-gravity is a natural means to achieve this. Thus, the technology to pursue anti-gravity, by using superheavy elements, may provide a new propulsion paradigm. The theory of superluminal relativity provides a hypothesis for existence of elements with atomic number up to Z = 145, some of which may possess anti-gravity properties. Analysis results show that curved space-time exists demonstrating both gravitic and anti-gravitic properties not only around nuclei but inside the nuclei as well. Two groups of elements (Z < 64 and 63 < Z <145) exist that demonstrate these capabilities. The nuclei of the first group of elements have the masses with only the property of gravity. The nuclei of the elements of the second group have the masses with both properties: gravity and anti-gravity in two different ranges of curved space-time around the nuclei.. The hypothetical element with Z = 145 is the unique among all elements whose nucleus has only anti-gravity property. It is proposed that this element be named Hawking, in honour of Stephen W. Hawking.
Dual Accretion Disks in Alternate Gravity Theories
James S. Graber
1997-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The interior of gravitationally collapsed objects in alternate theories of gravity in which event horizons and singularities do not occur in strong field gravity were generically investigated. These objects, called red holes, were found to contain dynamic configurations of matter, radiation and spacetime similar to inside out accretion disks well inside the photon orbit. Applications to astrophysical phenomena are briefly described.
Threat Mitigation: The Gravity Tractor
Russell Schweickart; Clark Chapman; Dan Durda; Piet Hut
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Gravity Tractor (GT) is a fully controlled asteroid deflection concept using the mutual gravity between a robotic spacecraft and an asteroid to slowly accelerate the asteroid in the direction of the "hovering" spacecraft. Based on early warning, provided by ground tracking and orbit prediction, it would be deployed a decade or more prior to a potential impact. Ion engines would be utilized for both the rendezvous with the asteroid and the towing phase. Since the GT does not dock with or otherwise physically contact the asteroid during the deflection process there is no requirement for knowledge of the asteroid's shape, composition, rotation state or other "conventional" characteristics. The GT would first reduce the uncertainty in the orbit of the asteroid via Earth tracking of its radio transponder while station keeping with the asteroid. If, after analysis of the more precise asteroid orbit a deflection is indeed indicated, the GT would "hover" above the surface of the asteroid in the direction of the required acceleration vector for a duration adequate to achieve the desired velocity change. The orbit of the asteroid is continuously monitored throughout the deflection process and the end state is known in real time. The performance envelope for the GT includes most NEOs which experience close gravitational encounters prior to impact and those below 150-200 meters in diameter on a direct Earth impact trajectory.
Solar System constraints to nonminimally coupled gravity
Orfeu Bertolami; Riccardo March; Jorge Páramos
2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the analysis of Chiba, Smith and Erickcek \\cite{CSE} of Solar System constraints on $f(R)$ gravity to a class of nonminimally coupled (NMC) theories of gravity. These generalize $f(R)$ theories by replacing the action functional of General Relativity (GR) with a more general form involving two functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$ of the Ricci scalar curvature $R$. While the function $f^1(R)$ is a nonlinear term in the action, analogous to $f(R)$ gravity, the function $f^2(R)$ yields a NMC between the matter Lagrangian density $\\LL_m$ and the scalar curvature. The developed method allows for obtaining constraints on the admissible classes of functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$, by requiring that predictions of NMC gravity are compatible with Solar System tests of gravity. We apply this method to a NMC model which accounts for the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe.
APPLICATION -doctoral or licentiate degree certificate
Lagergren, Jens
APPLICATION - doctoral or licentiate degree certificate Submit to the administration at the deans of Philosophy/Teknologie doktorsexamen FD Doctor of Philosophy/Filosofie doktorsexamen TL Licentiate of Engineering/Teknologie licentiatexamen FL Licentiate of Philosophy/Filosofie licentiatexamen The degree
Regulation XVIII: GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR HIGHER DEGREES,
Regulation XVIII: GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR HIGHER DEGREES, POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMAS AND POSTGRADUATE CERTIFICATES SCOPE OF THESE REGULATIONS 1. These Regulations apply to the Degree of PhD in all Faculties in all Faculties Postgraduate Certificates in all Faculties. 2. These Regulations are subject
Undergraduate Degrees 2014 School of Earth & Environment
Undergraduate Degrees 2014 School of Earth & Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT #12;UNIVERSITYOFLEEDS 03 Contents Welcome to the School of Earth & Environment 4 Choosing the right degree 6 Three, MGeol, MGeophys) The MSc Track Fieldwork 8 Why study the environment? 10 Environment and Business 12
CURRICULUM CODE 308 DEGREE CODE _40
Qiu, Weigang
CURRICULUM CODE 308 DEGREE CODE _40 Hunter College of the City University of New York - Office Print) E-mail address OES Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR Specialization Section #12;CURRICULUM CODE_308_ DEGREE CODE _40__ Course Prefix & Number Course Title Credits
A view on the problems of Quantum Gravity
T. P. Shestakova
2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
The existing approaches to quantization of gravity aim at giving quantum description of 3-geometry following to the ideas of the Wheeler -- DeWitt geometrodynamics. In this description the role of gauge gravitational degrees of freedom is missed. A probable alternative is to consider gravitational dynamics in extended phase space, taking into account the distinctions between General Relativity and other field theories. The formulation in extended phase space leads to some consequences at classical and quantum levels. At the classical level, it ensures that Hamiltonian dynamics is fully equivalent to Lagrangian dynamics, and the algebra of Poisson brackets is invariant under reparametrizations in a wide enough class including reparametrizations of gauge variables, meantime in the canonical Dirac approach the constraints' algebra is not invariant that creates problems with quantization. At the quantum level, the approach come to the description in which the observer can see various but complementary quantum gravitational phenomena in different reference frames that answers the spirit of General Relativity and Quantum Theory. Though until now the approach was applied to General Relativity in its original formulations, its implementation in different trends, including Quantum Loop Gravity or some other representations of gravitational variables, would also be of interest.
Perturbations of Single-field Inflation in Modified Gravity Theory
Taotao Qiu; Jun-Qing Xia
2015-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the case of single field inflation within the framework of modified gravity theory where the gravity part has an arbitrary form $f(R)$. Via a conformal transformation, this case can be transformed into its Einstein frame where it looks like a two-field inflation model. However, due to the existence of the isocurvature modes in such a multi-degree-of-freedom (m.d.o.f.) system, the (curvature) perturbations are not equivalent in two frames, so in despite of its convenience, it is illegal to treat the perturbations in its Einstein frame as the "real" ones as we always do for pure $f(R)$ theory or single field with nonminimal coupling. Here by pulling the results of curvature perturbations back into its original Jordan frame, we show explicitly the power spectrum and spectral index of the perturbations in the Jordan frame, as well as how it differs from the Einstein frame. We also fit our results with the newest Planck data. Since there are large parameter space in these models, we show that it is easy to fit the data very well.
Perturbations of Single-field Inflation in Modified Gravity Theory
Qiu, Taotao
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the case of single field inflation within the framework of modified gravity theory where the gravity part has an arbitrary form $f(R)$. Via a conformal transformation, this case can be transformed into its Einstein frame where it looks like a two-field inflation model. However, due to the existence of the isocurvature modes in such a multi-degree-of-freedom (m.d.o.f.) system, the perturbations are not equivalent in two frames, so in despite of its convenience, it is illegal to treat the perturbations in its Einstein frame as the "real" ones as we always do for pure $f(R)$ theory or single field with nonminiaml coupling, and one should pull them back into its original Jordan frame. In this paper, we calculate the perturbations in such a case in its Jordan frame. We also fit our results with the newest Planck data. Since there are large parameter space in these models, we show that it is easy to fit the data very well.
Heller, Barbara
: Networking API's, Sockets, and XTI, 2nd edition, 1997, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Reference: W a hand-on introduction to UNIX programming topics such as standard application programmer interfaces of UNIX Syllabus Â· UNIX Standards, Processes, Process Management 9 hours Â· Files and Directories, System I
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel- lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1, Iran; 3 Institut fÃ¼r Bienenkunde, Karl-von- Frisch-Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Deutsch- land) Bis zu den in Iran Up to the political changes in 1979, many queens (Midnight and Starline hybrids) were imported
Meyers, Steven D.
USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 10 Degrees, Programs, and Concentrations 83 Accelerated Degree Programs Accelerated Programs allow academically qualified students to complete timeline, graduating sooner than in traditional programs. Typically students will complete
PhD degree programme in Molecular Medicine with associated Master's degree with honours
PhD degree programme in Molecular Medicine with associated Master's degree with honours The graduate schools at Science and Technology (ST) and Health (HE) have agreed on a joint PhD degree programme in Molecular Medicine, where PhD students are enrolled at either ST or HE, and follow the same course
Emergent Horava gravity in graphene
G. E. Volovik; M. A. Zubkov
2013-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
First of all, we reconsider the tight - binding model of monolayer graphene, in which the variations of the hopping parameters are allowed. We demonstrate that the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry as well as the emergent U(1) gauge field appear. The emergent gauge field is equal to the linear combination of the components of the zweibein. Therefore, we actually deal with the gauge fixed version of the emergent 2+1 D teleparallel gravity. In particular, we work out the case, when the variations of the hopping parameters are due to the elastic deformations, and relate the elastic deformations with the emergent zweibein. Next, we investigate the tight - binding model with the varying intralayer hopping parameters for the multilayer graphene with the ABC stacking. In this case the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and the emergent U(1) gauge field appear as well, the emergent low energy effective field theory has the anisotropic scaling.
Tom Fleming; Mark Gross; Ray Renken
1994-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
We define a simplified version of Regge quantum gravity where the link lengths can take on only two possible values, both always compatible with the triangle inequalities. This is therefore equivalent to a model of Ising spins living on the links of a regular lattice with somewhat complicated, yet local interactions. The measure corresponds to the natural sum over all 2^links configurations, and numerical simulations can be efficiently implemented by means of look-up tables. In three dimensions we find a peak in the ``curvature susceptibility'' which grows with increasing system size. However, the value of the corresponding critical exponent as well as the behavior of the curvature at the transition differ from that found by Hamber and Williams for the Regge theory with continuously varying link lengths.
Gravity-Induced Vacuum Dominance
Lima, William C. C.; Vanzella, Daniel A. T. [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 369, CEP 15980-900, Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)
2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
It has been widely believed that, except in very extreme situations, the influence of gravity on quantum fields should amount to just small, subdominant contributions. This view seemed to be endorsed by the seminal results obtained over the last decades in the context of renormalization of quantum fields in curved spacetimes. Here, however, we argue that this belief is false by showing that there exist well-behaved spacetime evolutions where the vacuum energy density of free quantum fields is forced, by the very same background spacetime, to become dominant over any classical energy-density component. By estimating the time scale for the vacuum energy density to become dominant, and therefore for backreaction on the background spacetime to become important, we argue that this (infrared) vacuum dominance may bear unexpected astrophysical and cosmological implications.
Newtonian gravity, red shift, confinement, asymptotic freedom and quarks oscillations
G. Quznetsov
2008-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
Quarks oscillations give the Newtonian gravity law, the red shift, the confinement and the asymptotic freedom.
Loop Quantum Gravity 1. Classical framework : Ashtekar-Barbero connection
Sart, Remi
gravity Why Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large scales-perturbative renormalization Gravity is not a fundamental theory but it is effective (law energy) Â· it has to be modified
Fractal Structure of Loop Quantum Gravity
Leonardo Modesto
2008-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we have calculated the spectral dimension of loop quantum gravity (LQG) using simple arguments coming from the area spectrum at different length scales. We have obtained that the spectral dimension of the spatial section runs from 2 to 3, across a 1.5 phase, when the energy of a probe scalar field decrees from high to low energy. We have calculated the spectral dimension of the space-time also using results from spin-foam models, obtaining a 2-dimensional effective manifold at hight energy. Our result is consistent with other two approach to non perturbative quantum gravity: causal dynamical triangulation and asymptotic safety quantum gravity.
CDT meets Horava-Lifshitz gravity
J. Ambjorn; A. Gorlich; S. Jordan; J. Jurkiewicz; R. Loll
2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
The theory of causal dynamical triangulations (CDT) attempts to define a nonperturbative theory of quantum gravity as a sum over space-time geometries. One of the ingredients of the CDT framework is a global time foliation, which also plays a central role in the quantum gravity theory recently formulated by Ho\\v{r}ava. We show that the phase diagram of CDT bears a striking resemblance with the generic Lifshitz phase diagram appealed to by Ho\\v{r}ava. We argue that CDT might provide a unifying nonperturbative framework for anisotropic as well as isotropic theories of quantum gravity.
Ning Wu
2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
When we discuss problems on gravity, we can not avoid some fundamental physical problems, such as space-time, inertia, and inertial reference frame. The goal of this paper is to discuss the logic system of gravity theory and the problems of space-time, inertia, and inertial reference frame. The goal of this paper is to set up the theory on space-time in gauge theory of gravity. Based on this theory, it is possible for human kind to manipulate physical space-time on earth, and produce a machine which can physically prolong human's lifetime.
Physics Degree Requirements 2008 -2010 Bulletin
Dyer, Bill
Physics Degree Requirements 2008 -2010 Bulletin Professional Option Student: __________________________ Advisor: ____________________________ Updated 2/8/08 Physics Required Cr Gr Taken PHYS 137 1 ___ ______ PHYS 461 4 ___ ______ PHYS 490 3 ___ ______ Subtotal 47 (C- or better required) Physics Electives (8 cr
Physics Degree Requirements 2008-2010 Bulletin
Dyer, Bill
Physics Degree Requirements 2008-2010 Bulletin Interdisciplinary Option Student: ___________________ Advisor: ________________ Option: ________________ Updated 2/8/08 Physics Required Cr Gr Taken PHYS 137 1) Physics Electives (3 cr; 253 and 300) PHYS _____ ___ ___ ______ PHYS _____ ___ ___ ______ PHYS
Jane Mwenechanya Degree studied: MSc Sustainability &
Mottram, Nigel
Jane Mwenechanya Degree studied: MSc Sustainability & Environmental Studies Year of graduation on environmental sustainability issues by combining both the scientific and social aspect in dealing with the environmental problems. What did you particularly enjoy about the MSc Sustainability & Environmental Studies
Post-Minkowskian Limit and Gravitational Waves solutions of Fourth Order Gravity: a complete study
A. Stabile; S. Capozziello
2015-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
The post-Minkowskian limit and gravitational wave solutions for general fourth-order gravity theories are discussed. Specifically, we consider a Lagrangian with a generic function of curvature invariants $f(R, R_{\\alpha\\beta}R^{\\alpha\\beta}, R_{\\alpha\\beta\\gamma\\delta}R^{\\alpha\\beta\\gamma\\delta})$. It is well known that when dealing with General Relativity such an approach provides massless spin-two waves as propagating degree of freedom of the gravitational field while this theory implies other additional propagating modes in the gravity spectra. We show that, in general, fourth order gravity, besides the standard massless graviton is characterized by two further massive modes with a finite-distance interaction. We find out the most general gravitational wave solutions in terms of Green functions in vacuum and in presence of matter sources. If an electromagnetic source is chosen, only the modes induced by $R_{\\alpha\\beta}R^{\\alpha\\beta}$ are present, otherwise, for any $f(R)$ gravity model, we have the complete analogy with tensor modes of General Relativity. Polarizations and helicity states are classified in the hypothesis of plane wave.
Bounds on quantum communication via Newtonian gravity
D. Kafri; G. J. Milburn; J. M. Taylor
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
Newtonian gravity yields specific observable consequences, the most striking of which is the emergence of a $1/r^2$ force. In so far as communication can arise via such interactions between distant particles, we can ask what would be expected for a theory of gravity that only allows classical communication. Many heuristic suggestions for gravity-induced decoherence have this restriction implicitly or explicitly in their construction. Here we show that communication via a $1/r^2$ force has a minimum noise induced in the system when the communication cannot convey quantum information, in a continuous time analogue to Bell's inequalities. Our derived noise bounds provide tight constraints from current experimental results on any theory of gravity that does not allow quantum communication.
Zhan, Lang; Yortsos, Yanis
2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z
A new gravity finger model was proposed in this report in the absence of interfacial tension but in the presence of gravities. This model considered differences in density and viscosity of the two fluids. Thus, it was able to represent both stable and unstable displacements, and the finger development along either the upper or the bottom walls of a channel. This solution recovers the Saffman - Taylar solution if gravity is neglected. The results of the solution are very similar to the solutions proposed by Brener et al. for the gravity number up to 10. The solution provided in this work only has one free parameter while the solution of Brener et al. has three.
Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets
Wang, Shuguang
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here...
State sum models for quantum gravity
John W. Barrett
2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reviews the construction of quantum field theory on a 4-dimensional spacetime by combinatorial methods, and discusses the recent developments in the direction of a combinatorial construction of quantum gravity.
Energy conditions in f(R) gravity
Santos, J. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Fisica C.P. 1641, 59072-970 Natal-Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil); Departamento de Astronomia, Observatorio Nacional, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro-Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro-Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Alcaniz, J. S.; Carvalho, F. C. [Departamento de Astronomia, Observatorio Nacional, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro-Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Reboucas, M. J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro-Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R) gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R) cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.
Cosmology of modified (but second order) gravity
Tomi S. Koivisto
2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This is a brief review of modified gravity cosmologies. Generically extensions of gravity action involve higher derivative terms, which can result in ghosts and instabilities. There are three ways to circumvent this: Chern-Simons terms, first order variational principle and nonlocality. We consider recent cosmological applications of these three classes of modified gravity models, in particular to the dark energy problem. The viable parameter spaces can be very efficiently constrained by taking into account cosmological data from all epochs in addition to Solar system tests and stability considerations. We make some new remarks concerning so called algebraic scalar-tensor theories, biscalar reformulation of nonlocal actions involving the inverse d'Alembertian, and a possible covariant formulation holographic cosmology with nonperturbative gravity.
Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity
J. Santos; J. S. Alcaniz; M. J. Reboucas; F. C. Carvalho
2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.
Test particle motion in modified gravity theories
Mahmood Roshan
2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the equations of motion of an electrically neutral test particle for modified gravity theories in which the covariant divergence of the ordinary matter energy-momentum tensor dose not vanish (i.e. $\
A new vacuum for Loop Quantum Gravity
Bianca Dittrich; Marc Geiller
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a new vacuum for loop quantum gravity, which is dual to the Ashtekar-Lewandowski vacuum. Because it is based on BF theory, this new vacuum is physical for $(2+1)$-dimensional gravity, and much closer to the spirit of spin foam quantization in general. To construct this new vacuum and the associated representation of quantum observables, we introduce a modified holonomy-flux algebra which is cylindrically consistent with respect to the notion of refinement by time evolution suggested in [1]. This supports the proposal for a construction of a physical vacuum made in [1,2], also for $(3+1)$-dimensional gravity. We expect that the vacuum introduced here will facilitate the extraction of large scale physics and cosmological predictions from loop quantum gravity.
Antimatter-Gravity Couplings, and Lorentz Symmetry
Tasson, Jay D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Implications of possible CPT and Lorentz violation for antimatter-gravity experiments as well as other antimatter tests are considered in the context of the general field-theory-based framework of the Standard-Model Extension (SME).
Antimatter-Gravity Couplings, and Lorentz Symmetry
Jay D. Tasson
2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
Implications of possible CPT and Lorentz violation for antimatter-gravity experiments as well as other antimatter tests are considered in the context of the general field-theory-based framework of the Standard-Model Extension (SME).
Oblique reflections of internal gravity wave beams
Karimi, Hussain H. (Hussain Habibullah)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study nonlinear effects in reflections of internal gravity wave beams in a continuously stratified liquid which are incident upon a uniform slope at an oblique angle. Wave motion in a stratified fluid medium is unique ...
Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Launch
Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Launch Press Kit/AUGUst 2011 #12;http of its four channels to AC-3, making each channel's secondary audio MPEG 1 Layer II. For digital downlink
Anisotropic induced gravity and inflationary universe
W. F. Kao
2006-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
Existence and stability analysis of the Kantowski-Sachs type universe in a higher derivative induced gravity theory is studied in details. Existence of one stable mode and one unstable mode is shown to be in favor of the inflationary universe. As a result, the de Sitter background can be made to be stable against anisotropic perturbations with proper constraints imposed on the coupling constants of the induced gravity model.
Gravity waves from cosmic bubble collisions
Salem, Michael P.; Saraswat, Prashant; Shaghoulian, Edgar, E-mail: mpsalem@stanford.edu, E-mail: ps88@stanford.edu, E-mail: edgars@stanford.edu [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Our local Hubble volume might be contained within a bubble that nucleated in a false vacuum with only two large spatial dimensions. We study bubble collisions in this scenario and find that they generate gravity waves, which are made possible in this context by the reduced symmetry of the global geometry. These gravity waves would produce B-mode polarization in the cosmic microwave background, which could in principle dominate over the inflationary background.
The shape dynamics description of gravity
Tim Koslowski
2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
Classical gravity can be described as a relational dynamical system without ever appealing to spacetime or its geometry. This description is the so-called shape dynamics description of gravity. The existence of relational first principles from which the shape dynamics description of gravity can be derived is a motivation to consider shape dynamics (rather than GR) as the fundamental description of gravity. Adopting this point of view leads to the question: What is the role of spacetime in the shape dynamics description of gravity? This question contains many aspects: Compatibility of shape dynamics with the description of gravity in terms of spacetime geometry, the role of local Minkowski space, universality of spacetime geometry and the nature of quantum particles, which can no longer be assumed to be irreducible representations of the Poincare group. In this contribution I derive effective spacetime structures by considering how matter fluctuations evolve along with shape dynamics. This evolution reveals an "experienced spacetime geometry." This leads (in an idealized approximation) to local Minkowski space and causal relations. The small scale structure of the emergent geometric picture depends on the specific probes used to experience spacetime, which limits the applicability of effective spacetime to describe shape dynamics. I conclude with discussing the nature of quantum fluctuations (particles) in shape dynamics and how local Minkowski spacetime emerges from the evolution of quantum particles.
Gravity as Quantum Foam In-Flow
Reginald T Cahill
2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The new information-theoretic Process Physics provides an explanation of space as a quantum foam system in which gravity is an inhomogeneous flow of the quantum foam into matter. The older Newtonian and General Relativity theories for gravity are analysed. It is shown that Newtonian gravity may be written in the form of an in-flow. General Relativity is also analysed as an in-flow, for those cases where it has been tested. An analysis of various experimental data demonstrates that absolute motion relative to space has been observed by Michelson and Morley, Miller, Illingworth, Jaseja et al, Torr and Kolen, and by DeWitte. The Dayton Miller and Roland DeWitte data also reveal the in-flow of space into matter which manifests as gravity. The experimental data suggests that the in-flow is turbulent, which amounts to the observation of a gravitational wave phenomena. A new in-flow theory of gravity is proposed which passes all the tests that General Relativity was claimed to have passed, but as well the new theory suggests that the so-called spiral galaxy rotation-velocity anomaly may be explained without the need of `dark matter'. Various other gravitational anomalies also appear to be explainable. Newtonian gravity appears to be strictly valid only outside of spherically symmetric matter systems.
Quantum gravity and inventory accumulation
Scott Sheffield
2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
We begin by studying inventory accumulation at a LIFO (last-in-first-out) retailer with two products. In the simplest version, the following occur with equal probability at each time step: first product ordered, first product produced, second product ordered, second product produced. The inventory thus evolves as a simple random walk on Z^2. In more interesting versions, a p fraction of customers orders the "freshest available" product regardless of type. We show that the corresponding random walks scale to Brownian motions with diffusion matrices depending on p. We then turn our attention to the critical Fortuin-Kastelyn random planar map model, which gives, for each q>0, a probability measure on random (discretized) two-dimensional surfaces decorated by loops, related to the q-state Potts model. A longstanding open problem is to show that as the discretization gets finer, the surfaces converge in law to a limiting (loop-decorated) random surface. The limit is expected to be a Liouville quantum gravity surface decorated by a conformal loop ensemble, with parameters depending on q. Thanks to a bijection between decorated planar maps and inventory trajectories (closely related to bijections of Bernardi and Mullin), our results about the latter imply convergence of the former in a particular topology. A phase transition occurs at p = 1/2, q=4.
Encoding field theories into gravities
Aoki, Sinya; Onogi, Tetsuya
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a method, which encodes the information of a $d$ dimensional quantum field theory into a $d+1$ dimensional gravity in the $1/N$ expansion. We first construct a $d+1$ dimensional field theory from the $d$ dimensional one via the gradient flow equation, whose flow time $t$ represents the energy scale of the system such that $t\\rightarrow 0$ corresponds to the ultra-violet (UV) while $t\\rightarrow\\infty$ to the infra-red (IR). We then define the induced metric from $d+1$ dimensional field operators. We show that the metric defined in this way becomes classical in the large $N$ limit, in a sense that quantum fluctuations of the metric are suppressed as $1/N$ due to the large $N$ factorization property. As a concrete example, we apply our method to the O(N) non-linear $\\sigma$ model in two dimensions. We calculate the induced metric in three dimensions, which is shown to describe De Sitter (dS) or Anti De Sitter (AdS) space in the massless limit, where the mass is dynamically generated in the O(N) non-l...
Elimination of IR/UV via Gravity in Noncommutative Field Theory
N. Kersting; J. Yan
2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
Models of particle physics with Noncommutative Geometry (NCG) generally suffer from a manifestly non-Wilsonian coupling of infrared and ultraviolet degrees of freedom known as the "IR/UV Problem" which would tend to compromise their phenomenological relevance. In this Letter we explicitly show how one may remedy this by coupling NCG to gravity. In the simplest scenario the Lagrangian gets multiplied by a nonconstant background metric; in $\\phi-4$ theory the theorem that $\\int d^4 x \\phi \\star \\phi = \\int d^4 x \\phi^2$ is no longer true and the field propagator gets modified by a factor which depends on both NCG and the variation of the metric. A suitable limit of this factor as the propagating momentum gets asymptotically large then eradicates the IR/UV problem. With gravity and NCG coupled to each other, one might expect anti-symmetric components to arise in the metric. Cosmological implications of such are subsequently discussed.
LIGHT SUBGRAPHS IN PLANAR GRAPHS OF MINIMUM DEGREE 4 AND EDGE-DEGREE 9
Mohar, Bojan
LIGHT SUBGRAPHS IN PLANAR GRAPHS OF MINIMUM DEGREE 4 AND EDGE-DEGREE 9 B. MOHAR , R. SKREKOVSKI vertices of degree 4 are adjacent. A graph H is light in G if there is a constant w such that every graph is w. Then we also write w(H) w. It is proved that the cycle Cs is light if and only if 3 s 6, where
Permutation groups, minimal degrees and quantum computing
Julia Kempe; Laszlo Pyber; Aner Shalev
2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study permutation groups of given minimal degree without the classical primitivity assumption. We provide sharp upper bounds on the order of a permutation group of minimal degree m and on the number of its elements of any given support. These results contribute to the foundations of a non-commutative coding theory. A main application of our results concerns the Hidden Subgroup Problem for the symmetric group in Quantum Computing. We completely characterize the hidden subgroups of the symmetric group that can be distinguished from identity with weak Quantum Fourier Sampling, showing these are exactly the subgroups with bounded minimal degree. This implies that the weak standard method for the symmetric group has no advantage whatsoever over classical exhaustive search.
Gravity and Anti-gravity of Fermions: the Unification of Dark Matter and Dark Energy
Chen, X S
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Massive gravity with second and fourth derivatives is shown to give both attractive and repulsive gravity between fermions. In contrast to the attractive gravity correlated with energy-momentum tensor, the repulsive gravity is proportional to the graviton mass. Therefore, weakly interacting fermions with energy smaller than the graviton mass are both dark matter and dark energy: Their overall gravity is attractive with normal matter but repulsive among themselves. Detailed analyses reveal that this unified dark scenario can properly account for the observed dark matter/energy phenomena: galaxy rotation curves, transition from early cosmic deceleration to recent acceleration; and naturally overcome other dark scenarios' difficulties: the substructure and cuspy core problems, the difference of dark halo distributions in galaxies and clusters, and the cosmic coincidence.
A Kinetic Theory Approach to Quantum Gravity
B. L. Hu
2002-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a kinetic theory approach to quantum gravity -- by which we mean a theory of the microscopic structure of spacetime, not a theory obtained by quantizing general relativity. A figurative conception of this program is like building a ladder with two knotted poles: quantum matter field on the right and spacetime on the left. Each rung connecting the corresponding knots represent a distinct level of structure. The lowest rung is hydrodynamics and general relativity; the next rung is semiclassical gravity, with the expectation value of quantum fields acting as source in the semiclassical Einstein equation. We recall how ideas from the statistical mechanics of interacting quantum fields helped us identify the existence of noise in the matter field and its effect on metric fluctuations, leading to the establishment of the third rung: stochastic gravity, described by the Einstein-Langevin equation. Our pathway from stochastic to quantum gravity is via the correlation hierarchy of noise and induced metric fluctuations. Three essential tasks beckon: 1) Deduce the correlations of metric fluctuations from correlation noise in the matter field; 2) Reconstituting quantum coherence -- this is the reverse of decoherence -- from these correlation functions 3) Use the Boltzmann-Langevin equations to identify distinct collective variables depicting recognizable metastable structures in the kinetic and hydrodynamic regimes of quantum matter fields and how they demand of their corresponding spacetime counterparts. This will give us a hierarchy of generalized stochastic equations -- call them the Boltzmann-Einstein hierarchy of quantum gravity -- for each level of spacetime structure, from the macroscopic (general relativity) through the mesoscopic (stochastic gravity) to the microscopic (quantum gravity).
Commissioning of SLAC SLD 45-Degree Chambers
V. O. Eschenburg
2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
The SLD experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center had a significant gap in its muon tracking coverage, provided by the Warm Iron Calorimeter. Supplemental planes of limited streamer tube chambers were added to improve the coverage in the vicinity of the gap at 0.65 commissioning of the forty-five degree chamber region of the SLAC SLD Warm Iron Calorimeter is presented. This task involved the completion of the forty-five degree chamber region geometry for the Warm Iron Calorimeter's fitter and swimmer and the changing of the way multiple scattering effects are treated in the fitter algorithm.
Gravity as Quantum Foam In-Flow
Cahill, R T
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The new information-theoretic Process Physics provides an explanation of space as a quantum foam system in which gravity is an inhomogeneous flow of the quantum foam into matter. The older Newtonian and General Relativity theories for gravity are analysed. It is shown that Newtonian gravity may be written in the form of an in-flow. General Relativity is also analysed as an in-flow, for those cases where it has been tested. An analysis of various experimental data demonstrates that absolute motion relative to space has been observed by Michelson and Morley, Miller, Illingworth, Jaseja et al, Torr and Kolen, and by DeWitte. The Dayton Miller and Roland DeWitte data also reveal the in-flow of space into matter which manifests as gravity. The experimental data suggests that the in-flow is turbulent, which amounts to the observation of a gravitational wave phenomena. A new in-flow theory of gravity is proposed which passes all the tests that General Relativity was claimed to have passed, but as well the new theory...
DEGREES, MAJORS, AND OPTIONS This is a list of the degrees, majors, and options
Wisconsin at Madison, University of
&S) Asian Studies* (L&S) Astronomy - Physics* (L&S) Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences* (L&S) Biochemistry* (L to the degree are shown. These degree titles appear on the student's transcript and on the diploma. The major titles and any applicable options appear only on the student's transcript. The school
Bachelor of Science Degree in Optics Bachelor of Science Degree in Optical Engineering
Bachelor of Science Degree in Optics Bachelor of Science Degree in Optical Engineering The Institute of Optics Major Requirements OPT 201 Geometrical Optics Lab (2 cr.) OPT 202 Physical Optics Lab (2 Theory of Optics OPT 225 Optical Sources and Detectors OPT 241 Geometrical Optics OPT 242 Aberrations
Bachelor of Science Degree in Optics Bachelor of Science Degree in Optical Engineering
Mahon, Bradford Z.
Bachelor of Science Degree in Optics Bachelor of Science Degree in Optical Engineering The Institute of Optics Major Requirements OPT 197 Geometrical Optics Lab (2 cr.) OPT 198 Physical Optics Lab (2 Theory of Optics OPT 225 Optical Sources and Detectors OPT 241 Geometrical Optics OPT 242 Aberrations
Degrees Offered: MS Rice University introduced the professional master's degree in environmental
Richards-Kortum, Rebecca
in the Environment(F) CEVE536Environmental Biotechnology and Bioremediation(S) CEVE 550 Environmental Organic1 Degrees Offered: MS Rice University introduced the professional master's degree in environmental.Asaninterdisciplinaryprogram, it aims to give students the ability to predict environmental problems, not just solve them. It emphasizes
MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREES IN Risk Management
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREES IN Risk Management About Queens College Often referred to as "the jewel, quantify, mitigate, and transfer it. This is true not just for risk managers but also for accountants, finance professionals, actuaries, and others who make risk-management decisions on a daily basis
Master of Museum Studies (MMSt) Degree Overview
Toronto, University of
Master of Museum Studies (MMSt) Degree Overview 8 Provides students with a strong theoretical background and professional understanding of museum origins, ideologies, changing philosophies, and current practices. 8 Students attain comprehensive knowledge of the function of museums in their broader social
Undergraduate Degrees at University College Dublin
Undergraduate Degrees at University College Dublin Resource for North American High Schools economy to achieve deep integration within the world economy. Almost one thousand overseas companies use. West of the city is the Phoenix Park, the largest enclosed park in Europe. To the south, and easily
Regulation XVII: GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR FIRST DEGREES
Regulation XVII: GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR FIRST DEGREES SCOPE OF THESE REGULATIONS4 1. These Regulations apply, subject to any different provision in the Regulations for a particular programme of study programme of study is designated as a non-modular programme, Regulation 14 and subsequent Regulations
The Bachelor of Science Degree MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Chen, Wei
Mechanical Engineering undergraduates must attain: a. an ability to apply knowledge of math, engineering, manufacturing and engineering science. Graduates will use their knowledge to think critically, formulateThe Bachelor of Science Degree in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING at NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY June 2011 #12
DEGREE COMPLETION STEPS Doctor of Philosophy
Weinberger, Hans
dissertation/project Submit by the last business day of anticipated month of graduation. Consult Graduation and spring semester until your degree is awarded. All forms must be submitted to the Graduate Student Services and Progress (GSSP) office unless otherwise noted. Contact your graduate program office
DEGREE COMPLETION STEPS Doctor of Philosophy
Thomas, David D.
Submit dissertation/project Submit by the last business day of anticipated month of graduation. Consult and spring semester until your degree is awarded. All forms must be submitted to the Graduate Student Services and Progress (GSSP) office unless otherwise noted. Contact your graduate program office
Taught degrees MA in International Journalism
Sussex, University of
and Film at Sussex is ranked in the top 10 places to study in the UK in The Times Good University GuideEssentials Taught degrees MA in International Journalism MA in Journalism and Documentary Practice Journalism, MA in Journalism and Documentary Practice, MA in Journalism and Media Studies IELTS 6
Taught degrees MSc in Computational Mathematics
Sussex, University of
Taught degrees MSc in Computational Mathematics 1 year full time Computation has become and simulation algorithms allows ever greater details and realism in computer output. Mathematics at Sussex has a very strong numerical analysis and computational mathematics component, and our faculty introduce you
MSc Conservation The leading degree for aspiring
Jones, Peter JS
benefits from the participation of staff from a variety of external conservation and environmental,000wordswiththesupportofanacademicsupervisor. 1st term (60 credits) Core module: Conservation and environmental management This moduleMSc Conservation The leading degree for aspiring nature conservation professionals www.geog.ucl.ac.uk/conservation
KENT SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE DEGREE CATALOGUE
Banaji,. Murad
Architecture & Urban Design Prof. Gordana Fontana-Giusti MSc Architecture & Sustainable Environment ProfKENT SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE DEGREE CATALOGUE 2014 #12;#12;#12;/01 /03 /02 WELCOME BA (HONS) M(ARCH) Head of School Foreword Prof. Don Gray BA (Hons) Architecture Introduction Prof. Gerald Adler Stage 03
Physics & Astronomy BSc (Single Honours Degrees)
Brierley, Andrew
flexible offering a choice of entry and exit points. * Students with good Advanced Highers or A-Levels may of a star's light as a planet passes in front it. www.st-andrews.ac.uk/physics #12;139 Entry and exit points and Mathematics MSci (Joint Honours Degree) Physics and Chemistry Entry Requirements (see also pages 152 - 189
Taught degrees MA in Creative Media Practice
Sussex, University of
informed creative practice across digital media, photography and a range of aural and visual forms.maddox@sussex.ac.uk www.sussex.ac.uk/mfm Essentials Taught degrees MA in Creative Media Practice MA in Digital Documentary MA in Digital Media MA in Gender and Media MA in Media and Cultural Studies MA in Media Practice
master's degree NaNotechNology
Twente, Universiteit
master's degree NaNotechNology When choosing a Master's programme, it is wise to look one step topical, incorporating the latest developments in applied physics, nanotechnology, chemical engineering projects will be carried out at the MESA+ institute for nanotechnology, or the MIRA institute
Cosmology of hybrid metric-Palatini f(X)-gravity
Salvatore Capozziello; Tiberiu Harko; Tomi S. Koivisto; Francisco S. N. Lobo; Gonzalo J. Olmo
2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
A new class of modified theories of gravity, consisting of the superposition of the metric Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian with an $f(\\cal R)$ term constructed \\`{a} la Palatini was proposed recently. The dynamically equivalent scalar-tensor representation of the model was also formulated, and it was shown that even if the scalar field is very light, the theory passes the Solar System observational constraints. Therefore the model predicts the existence of a long-range scalar field, modifying the cosmological and galactic dynamics. An explicit model that passes the local tests and leads to cosmic acceleration was also obtained. In the present work, it is shown that the theory can be also formulated in terms of the quantity $X\\equiv \\kappa^2 T+R$, where T and R are the traces of the stress-energy and Ricci tensors, respectively. The variable X represents the deviation with respect to the field equation trace of general relativity. The cosmological applications of this hybrid metric-Palatini gravitational theory are also explored, and cosmological solutions coming from the scalar-tensor representation of f(X)-gravity are presented. Criteria to obtain cosmic acceleration are discussed and the field equations are analyzed as a dynamical system. Several classes of dynamical cosmological solutions, depending on the functional form of the effective scalar field potential, describing both accelerating and decelerating Universes are explicitly obtained. Furthermore, the cosmological perturbation equations are derived and applied to uncover the nature of the propagating scalar degree of freedom and the signatures these models predict in the large-scale structure.
Energy Management Degree Specialization at Texas A&M University
Murphy, W. E.; O'Neal, D. L.; Heffington, W. M.; Turner, W. D.; Somasundaram, S.; Holmes, R. E.
The Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M offers unique degree programs with a specialization in energy management. The most popular of the degree offered is a professional degree, the Master of Engineering, which blends technical...
On the Synchronization of Networks with Prescribed Degree Distributions
Jost, Jürgen
On the Synchronization of Networks with Prescribed Degree Distributions Fatihcan M. Atay T for building non-synchronizing networks having a prescribed degree distribution. Index Terms distribution, which converges to a Poisson distribution for large network sizes. The degree distribution
Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories
Hiu Yan Ip; Jeremy Sakstein; Fabian Schmidt
2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.
Quantum gravity effects in the Kerr spacetime
Reuter, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Tuiran, E. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad del Norte, Km 5 via a Puerto Colombia, AA-1569 Barranquilla (Colombia)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the impact of the leading quantum gravity effects on the properties of black holes with nonzero angular momentum by performing a suitable renormalization group improvement of the classical Kerr metric within quantum Einstein gravity. In particular, we explore the structure of the horizons, the ergosphere, and the static limit surfaces as well as the phase space available for the Penrose process. The positivity properties of the effective vacuum energy-momentum tensor are also discussed and the 'dressing' of the black hole's mass and angular momentum are investigated by computing the corresponding Komar integrals. The pertinent Smarr formula turns out to retain its classical form. As for their thermodynamical properties, a modified first law of black-hole thermodynamics is found to be satisfied by the improved black holes (to second order in the angular momentum); the corresponding Bekenstein-Hawking temperature is not proportional to the surface gravity.
Holographic Superconductors in Quasi-topological Gravity
Xiao-Mei Kuang; Wei-Jia Li; Yi Ling
2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study (3+1) dimensional holographic superconductors in quasi-topological gravity which is recently proposed by R. Myers {\\it et.al.}. Through both analytical and numerical analysis, we find in general the condensation becomes harder with the increase of coupling parameters of higher curvature terms. In particular, comparing with those in ordinary Gauss-Bonnet gravity, we find that positive cubic corrections in quasi-topological gravity suppress the condensation while negative cubic terms make it easier. We also calculate the conductivity numerically for various coupling parameters. It turns out that the universal relation of $\\omega_g/T_c\\simeq 8$ is unstable and this ratio becomes larger with the increase of the coupling parameters. A brief discussion on the condensation from the CFT side is also presented.
Solar system constraints on alternative gravity theories
Sumanta Chakraborty; Soumitra Sengupta
2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The perihelion precession of planetary orbits and the bending angle of null geodesics are estimated for different gravity theories in string-inspired models. It is shown that, for dilaton coupled gravity, the leading order measure in the angle of bending of light comes purely from vacuum expectation value of the dilaton field which may be interpreted as an indicator of a dominant stringy effect over the curvature effect. We arrive at similar results for spherically symmetric solution in quadratic gravity. We also present the perihelion shift and bending of light in the Einstein-Maxwell-Gauss-Bonnet theory with special reference to the Casimir effect and Damour-Polyakov mechanism. Numerical bounds to different coupling parameters in these models are estimated.
Gauge theory of gravity and supergravity
Kaul, Romesh K. [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai 600 113 (India)
2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a formulation of gravity in terms of a theory based on complex SU(2) gauge fields with a general coordinate invariant action functional quadratic in the field strength. Self-duality or anti-self-duality of the field strength emerges as a constraint from the equations of motion of this theory. This in turn leads to Einstein gravity equations for a dilaton and an axion conformally coupled to gravity for the self-dual constraint. The analysis has also been extended to N=1 and 2 super Yang-Mills theory of complex SU(2) gauge fields. This leads to, besides other equations of motion, self-duality/anti-self-duality of generalized supercovariant field strengths. The self-dual case is then shown to yield as its solutions N=1, 2 supergravity equations, respectively.
Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories
Ip, Hiu Yan; Schmidt, Fabian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.
Entropic force, noncommutative gravity, and ungravity
Nicolini, Piero [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
After recalling the basic concepts of gravity as an emergent phenomenon, we analyze the recent derivation of Newton's law in terms of entropic force proposed by Verlinde. By reviewing some points of the procedure, we extend it to the case of a generic quantum gravity entropic correction to get compelling deviations to the Newton's law. More specifically, we study: (1) noncommutative geometry deviations and (2) ungraviton corrections. As a special result in the noncommutative case, we find that the noncommutative character of the manifold would be equivalent to the temperature of a thermodynamic system. Therefore, in analogy to the zero temperature configuration, the description of spacetime in terms of a differential manifold could be obtained only asymptotically. Finally, we extend the Verlinde's derivation to a general case, which includes all possible effects, noncommutativity, ungravity, asymptotically safe gravity, electrostatic energy, and extra dimensions, showing that the procedure is solid versus such modifications.
Emergence in Holographic Scenarios for Gravity
Dieks, Dennis; de Haro, Sebastian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
'Holographic' relations between theories have become an important theme in quantum gravity research. These relations entail that a theory without gravity is equivalent to a gravitational theory with an extra spatial dimension. The idea of holography was first proposed in 1993 by Gerard 't Hooft on the basis of his studies of evaporating black holes. Soon afterwards the holographic 'AdS/CFT' duality was introduced, which since has been intensively studied in the string theory community and beyond. Recently, Erik Verlinde has proposed that even Newton's law of gravitation can be related holographically to the 'thermodynamics of information' on screens. We discuss these scenarios, with special attention to the status of the holographic relation in them and to the question of whether they make gravity and spacetime emergent. We conclude that only Verlinde's scheme straightfowardly instantiates emergence. However, assuming a non-standard interpretation of AdS/CFT may create room for the emergence of spacetime and ...
Consequences of propagating torsion in connection-dynamic theories of gravity
Carroll, S.M. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)); Field, G.B. (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States))
1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the possibility of constraining theories of gravity in which the connection is a fundamental variable by searching for observational consequences of the torsion degrees of freedom. In a wide class of models, the only modes of the torsion tensor which interact with matter are either a massive scalar or a massive spin-1 boson. Focusing on the scalar version, we study constraints on the two-dimensional parameter space characterizing the theory. For reasonable choices of these parameters the torsion decays quickly into matter fields, and no long-range fields are generated which could be discovered by ground-based or astrophysical experiments.
Theoretical and experimental study of nonlinear internal gravity wave beams
Tabaei Befrouei, Ali, 1974-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Continuously stratified fluids, like the atmosphere and the oceans, support internal gravity waves due to the effect of buoyancy. This type of wave motion is anisotropic since gravity provides a preferred direction. As a ...
Exact solutions of three dimensional black holes: Einstein gravity vs F(R) gravity
S. H. Hendi; B. Eslam Panah; R. Saffari
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we consider Einstein gravity in the presence of a class of nonlinear electrodynamics, called power Maxwell invariant (PMI). We take into account $(2+1)$-dimensional spacetime in Einstein-PMI gravity and obtain its black hole solutions. Then, we regard pure $F(R)$ gravity as well as $F(R)$-conformally invariant Maxwell theory to obtain exact solutions of the field equations with black hole interpretation. Finally, we investigate the conserved and thermodynamic quantities and discuss about the first law of thermodynamics for the mentioned gravitational models.
Testing a Dilaton Gravity Model using Nucleosynthesis
Sibel Boran; Emre Onur Kahya
2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers one of the most strict evidences for the Lambda-CDM cosmology at present, as well as the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation. In this work, our main aim is to present the outcomes of our calculations related to primordial abundances of light elements, in the context of higher dimensional steady-state universe model in the dilaton gravity. Our results show that abundances of light elements (primordial D, 3He, 4He, T, 7Li) are significantly different for some cases, and a comparison is given between a particular dilaton gravity model and Lambda-CDM in the light of the astrophysical observations.
Energy Distribution in f(R) Gravity
M. Sharif; M. Farasat Shamir
2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
The well-known energy problem is discussed in f(R) theory of gravity. We use the generalized Landau-Lifshitz energy-momentum complex in the framework of metric f(R) gravity to evaluate the energy density of plane symmetric solutions for some general f(R) models. In particular, this quantity is found for some popular choices of f(R) models. The constant scalar curvature condition and the stability condition for these models are also discussed. Further, we investigate the energy distribution of cosmic string spacetime.
Multidimensional Gravity on the Principal Bundles
V. D. Dzhunushaliev
1997-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
The multidimensional gravity on the total space of principal bundle is considered. In this theory the gauge fields arise as nondiagonal components of multidimensional metric. The spherically symmetric and cosmology solutions for gravity on SU(2) principal bundle are obtained. The static spherically symmetric solution is wormhole-like solution located between two null surfaces, in contrast to 4D Einstein-Yang-Mills theory where corresponding solution (black hole) located outside of event horizon. Cosmology solution (at least locally) has the bouncing off effect for spatial dimensions. In spirit of Einstein these solutions are vacuum solutions without matter.
Violation of Energy Bounds in Designer Gravity
Thomas Hertog
2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
We continue our study of the stability of designer gravity theories, where one considers anti-de Sitter gravity coupled to certain tachyonic scalars with boundary conditions defined by a smooth function W. It has recently been argued there is a lower bound on the conserved energy in terms of the global minimum of W, if the scalar potential arises from a superpotential P and the scalar reaches an extremum of P at infinity. We show, however, there are superpotentials for which these bounds do not hold.
Weak Gravity Conjecture for Noncommutative Field Theory
Qing-Guo Huang; Jian-Huang She
2006-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the weak gravity bounds on the U(1) gauge theory and scalar field theories in various dimensional noncommutative space. Many results are obtained, such as the upper bound on the noncommutative scale $g_{YM}M_p$ for four dimensional noncommutative U(1) gauge theory. We also discuss the weak gravity bounds on their commutative counterparts. For example, our result on 4 dimensional noncommutative U(1) gauge theory reduces in certain limit to its commutative counterpart suggested by Arkani-Hamed et.al at least at tree-level.
Holographic superconductors from the massive gravity
Hua Bi Zeng; Jian-Pin Wu
2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
A holographic superconductor is constructed in the background of a massive gravity theory. In the normal state without condensation, the conductivity exhibits a Drude peak that approaches a delta function in the massless gravity limit as studied by David Vegh. In the superconducting state, besides the infinite DC conductivity, the AC conductivity has Drude behavior at low frequency followed by a power law-fall. These results are in agreement with that found earlier by Horowitz and Santos, who studied a holographic superconductor with an implicit periodic potential beyond the probe limit. The results also agree with measurements on some cuprates.
associate degree nursing: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
own Seldin, Jonathan P. 7 The Graduate School Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Degree Physics Websites Summary: The Graduate School Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Degree...
One Loop Beta Functions in Topologically Massive Gravity
R. Percacci; E. Sezgin
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the running of the three coupling constants in cosmological, topologically massive 3d gravity. We find that \
HoravaLifshitz gravity Victoria University of Wellington
Visser, Matt
Abstract HoravaÂLifshitz gravity Victoria University of Wellington Te Whare WÂ¯ananga o te Â¯Upoko o Vancouver Tuesday 25 August 2009 Matt Visser Who's afraid of Lorentz symmetry breaking? #12;Abstract HoravaÂLifshitz gravity HoravaÂLifshitz gravity: As of 23 August 2009 Spires reports that this topic has generated: 3
Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity and the equivalence principle
Nathalie Deruelle
2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Nordstrom's theory of gravity, which describes gravity by a scalar field in flat spacetime, is observationally ruled out. It is however the only theory of gravity with General Relativity to obey the strong equivalence principle. I show in this paper that this remarkable property is true beyond post-newtonian level and can be related to the existence of a 'Nordstrom-Katz' superpotential.
Observing ocean heat content using satellite gravity and altimetry
Jayne, Steven
: ocean heat content, altimetry, satellite gravity, steric height, remote sensing Citation: Jayne, S. RObserving ocean heat content using satellite gravity and altimetry Steven R. Jayne1,2 and John M with satellite measurements of the Earth's time-varying gravity to give improved estimates of the ocean's heat
Conformal gravity from the AdS/CFT mechanism
Aros, Rodrigo; Romo, Mauricio; Zamorano, Nelson [Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Republica 252, Santiago (Chile); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Avda Blanco Encalada 2008, Santiago (Chile)
2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We explicitly calculate the induced gravity theory at the boundary of an asymptotically anti-de Sitter five dimensional Einstein gravity. We also display the action that encodes the dynamics of radial diffeomorphisms. It is found that the induced theory is a four dimensional conformal gravity plus a scalar field. This calculation confirms some previous results found by a different approach.
Quantum Gravity in Three Dimensions from Higher-Spin Holography
Tan, Hai Siong
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Higher Spin Anti-de Sitter Gravity,” JHEP 1012, 007 (2010)gravity in three dimensions from the per- spective of higher-spin holography in anti-gravity in three dimen- sions in the framework of higher-spin holography in anti-
Constructive Dimension and Turing Degrees Laurent Bienvenu
Doty, David
sequence S with constructive Hausdorff dimension dimH(S) and constructive packing dimension dimP(S, if dimP(S) > 0, then dimP(R) 1 - . The reduction thus serves as a randomness extractor that increases sequence S (that is, dimH(S) = dimP(S)) such that dimH(S) > 0, the Turing degree of S has constructive
Technical degree requirements: BSCE Engineering Sci.
Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa
Technical degree requirements: BSCE Engineering Sci. Elective (1) Math 1B (Math 1A) Phys 7A (Math 1 177 (CE 120, CE 175) CE 180 Engineering Electives 15 units CE 192 ME 40 (E 7, Math 1B, Chem 1A, Phys 7 (1) Bio 1B CE 70 (Chem 1A) Fall ONLY Spring ONLY (Math 1A) Prerequisite (Chem 1A) Concurrent
The Mars Gravity Biosatellite as an innovative partial gravity research platform
Fulford-Jones, Thaddeus R. F
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Mars Gravity Biosatellite is an unprecedented independent spaceflight platform for gravitational biology research. With a projected first launch after 2010, the low Earth orbit satellite will support a cohort of fifteen ...
Webb, Spahr C.
, Petrologic and Seismic Expedition (GLIMPSE) study area from seismic refraction data R. Chadwick Holmes,1, Intraplate Melting, Petrologic and Seismic Expedition (GLIMPSE) experiment investigated the velocity in the Gravity Lineations, Intraplate Melting, Petrologic and Seismic Expedition (GLIMPSE) study area from
Chiburis, Edward Frank
1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
RELIABILITY OF THE LaCOSTE-ROMBERG SURFACE SH'IP GRAVITY METER S -9 DURING C R U I S E 60-8-13 0 F T H E T E R A S A. & M. R E S E . A R C 8 V E S S . E . L " HIDALGO " A Thesis By EDWARD F. CHIBURIS Submitted to the Graduate School... of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1962 Major Sub)ect: Geophysics RELIABILITY OF THE LaCOSTE-ROMBERG SURFACE SHIP GRAVITY METERS-9 DURING C R U I S E 60-H...
Infrared fixed point in quantum Einstein gravity
S. Nagy; J. Krizsan; K. Sailer
2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
We performed the renormalization group analysis of the quantum Einstein gravity in the deep infrared regime for different types of extensions of the model. It is shown that an attractive infrared point exists in the broken symmetric phase of the model. It is also shown that due to the Gaussian fixed point the IR critical exponent $\
A New Model of Nonlocal Modified Gravity
Ivan Dimitrijevic; Branko Dragovich; Jelena Grujic; Zoran Rakic
2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a new modified gravity model with nonlocal term of the form $R^{-1} \\mathcal{F}(\\Box) R. $ This kind of nonlocality is motivated by investigation of applicability of a few unusual ans\\"atze to obtain some exact cosmological solutions. In particular, we find attractive and useful quadratic ansatz $\\Box R = q R^{2}.$
Energy definition for quadratic curvature gravities
Ahmet Baykal
2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
A conserved current for generic quadratic curvature gravitational models is defined, and it is shown that, at the linearized level, it corresponds to the Deser-Tekin charges. An explicit expression for the charge for new massive gravity in three dimensions is given. Some implications of the linearized equations are discussed.
Ultrasonic hydrometer. [Specific gravity of electrolyte
Swoboda, C.A.
1982-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
The disclosed ultrasonic hydrometer determines the specific gravity (density) of the electrolyte of a wet battery, such as a lead-acid battery. The hydrometer utilizes a transducer that when excited emits an ultrasonic impulse that traverses through the electrolyte back and forth between spaced sonic surfaces. The transducer detects the returning impulse, and means measures the time t between the initial and returning impulses. Considering the distance d between the spaced sonic surfaces and the measured time t, the sonic velocity V is calculated with the equation V = 2d/t. The hydrometer also utilizes a thermocouple to measure the electrolyte temperature. A hydrometer database correlates three variable parameters including sonic velocity in and temperature and specific gravity of the electrolyte, for temperature values between 0 and 40/sup 0/C and for specific gravity values between 1.05 and 1.30. Upon knowing two parameters (the calculated sonic velocity and the measured temperature), the third parameter (specific gravity) can be uniquely found in the database. The hydrometer utilizes a microprocessor for data storage and manipulation.
Topological Black Holes in Quantum Gravity
J. Kowalski-Glikman; D. Nowak-Szczepaniak
2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the black hole solutions with horizons of non-trivial topology and investigate their properties in the framework of an approach to quantum gravity being an extension of Bohm's formulation of quantum mechanics. The solutions we found tend asymptotically (for large $r$) to topological black holes. We also analyze the thermodynamics of these space-times.
Schwarzschild solution in extended teleparallel gravity
Nashed, G G L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tetrad field, with two unknown functions of radial coordinate and an angle $\\Phi$ which is the polar angle $\\phi$ times a function of the redial coordinate, is applied to the field equation of modified theory of gravity. Exact vacuum solution is derived whose scalar torsion, $T ={T^\\alpha}_{\\mu \
Constraining torsion with Gravity Probe B
Mao Yi; Guth, Alan H.; Cabi, Serkan [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Tegmark, Max [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is well-entrenched folklore that all torsion gravity theories predict observationally negligible torsion in the solar system, since torsion (if it exists) couples only to the intrinsic spin of elementary particles, not to rotational angular momentum. We argue that this assumption has a logical loophole which can and should be tested experimentally, and consider nonstandard torsion theories in which torsion can be generated by macroscopic rotating objects. In the spirit of action=reaction, if a rotating mass like a planet can generate torsion, then a gyroscope would be expected to feel torsion. An experiment with a gyroscope (without nuclear spin) such as Gravity Probe B (GPB) can test theories where this is the case. Using symmetry arguments, we show that to lowest order, any torsion field around a uniformly rotating spherical mass is determined by seven dimensionless parameters. These parameters effectively generalize the parametrized post-Newtonian formalism and provide a concrete framework for further testing Einstein's general theory of relativity (GR). We construct a parametrized Lagrangian that includes both standard torsion-free GR and Hayashi-Shirafuji maximal torsion gravity as special cases. We demonstrate that classic solar system tests rule out the latter and constrain two observable parameters. We show that Gravity Probe B is an ideal experiment for further constraining nonstandard torsion theories, and work out the most general torsion-induced precession of its gyroscope in terms of our torsion parameters.
Scale invariance, unimodular gravity and dark energy
Mikhail Shaposhnikov; Daniel Zenhausern
2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate that the combination of the ideas of unimodular gravity, scale invariance, and the existence of an exactly massless dilaton leads to the evolution of the universe supported by present observations: inflation in the past, followed by the radiation and matter dominated stages and accelerated expansion at present. All mass scales in this type of theories come from one and the same source.
Topology in 4D simplicial quantum gravity
S. Bilke; Z. Burda; B. Petersson
1996-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
We simulate 4d simplicial gravity for three topologis S4, S3xS1, (S1)^4 and show that the free energy for these three fixed topology ensembles is the same in the thermodynamic limit. We show, that the next-to-leading order corrections, at least away from the critical point, can be described by kinematic sources.
Schwarzschild solution in extended teleparallel gravity
G. G. L. Nashed
2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
Tetrad field, with two unknown functions of radial coordinate and an angle $\\Phi$ which is the polar angle $\\phi$ times a function of the redial coordinate, is applied to the field equation of modified theory of gravity. Exact vacuum solution is derived whose scalar torsion, $T ={T^\\alpha}_{\\mu \
The diffeomorphism algebra approach to quantum gravity
T. A. Larsson
1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z
The representation theory of non-centrally extended Lie algebras of Noether symmetries, including spacetime diffeomorphisms and reparametrizations of the observer's trajectory, has recently been developped. It naturally solves some long-standing problems in quantum gravity, e.g. the role of diffeomorphisms and the causal structure, but some new questions also arise.
Running Coupling Constants in 2D Gravity
Christof Schmidhuber
1993-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
The renormalization group flow in two--dimensional field theories that are coupled to gravity is discussed at the example of the sine-Gordon model. In order to derive the phase diagram in agreement with the matrix model results, it is necessary to generalize the theory of David, Distler and Kawai.
Explicit versus Spontaneous Diffeomorphism Breaking in Gravity
Robert Bluhm
2015-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
Gravitational theories with fixed background fields break local Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance either explicitly or spontaneously. In the case of explicit breaking it is known that conflicts can arise between the dynamics and geometrical constraints, while spontaneous breaking evades this problem. It is for this reason that in the gravity sector of the Standard-Model Extension (SME) it is assumed that the background fields (SME coefficients) originate from spontaneous symmetry breaking. However, in other examples, such as Chern-Simons gravity and massive gravity, diffeomorphism invariance is explicitly broken by the background fields, and the potential conflicts between the dynamics and geometry can be avoided in most cases. An analysis of how this occurs is given, and the conditions that are placed on the metric tensor and gravitational structure as a result of the presence of an explicit-breaking background are described. The gravity sector of the SME is then considered for the case of explicit breaking. However, it is found that a useful post-Newtonian limit is only obtained when the symmetry breaking is spontaneous.
Second order noncommutative corrections to gravity
Calmet, Xavier [Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Service de Physique Theorique, CP225 Boulevard du Triomphe (Campus plaine), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Kobakhidze, Archil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we calculate the leading order corrections to general relativity formulated on a canonical noncommutative spacetime. These corrections appear in the second order of the expansion in theta. First order corrections can only appear in the gravity-matter interactions. Some implications are briefly discussed.
Experimental Study of In Situ Combustion with Tetralin and Metallic Catalysts
Palmer-Ikuku, Emuobonuvie
2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
combustion as a viable method of upgrading and improving recovery of intermediate oils. Three successful experimental runs were performed with heavy oil from Mexico (10.1 degrees API gravity). The first run was the control run without the addition of tetralin...
Propagation equations for deformable test bodies with microstructure in extended theories of gravity
Puetzfeld, Dirk; Obukhov, Yuri N. [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029, 0315 Oslo (Norway); Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the equations of motion in metric-affine gravity by making use of the conservation laws obtained from Noether's theorem. The results are given in the form of propagation equations for the multipole decomposition of the matter sources in metric-affine gravity, i.e., the canonical energy-momentum current and the hypermomentum current. In particular, the propagation equations allow for a derivation of the equations of motion of test particles in this generalized gravity theory, and allow for direct identification of the couplings between the matter currents and the gauge gravitational field strengths of the theory, namely, the curvature, the torsion, and the nonmetricity. We demonstrate that the possible non-Riemannian spacetime geometry can only be detected with the help of the test bodies that are formed of matter with microstructure. Ordinary gravitating matter, i.e., matter without microscopic internal degrees of freedom, can probe only the Riemannian spacetime geometry. Thereby, we generalize previous results of general relativity and Poincare gauge theory.
Measuring the Earth's gravity field with cold atom interferometers
Carraz, Olivier; Massotti, Luca; Haagmans, Roger; Silvestrin, Pierluigi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The scope of the paper is to propose different concepts for future space gravity missions using Cold Atom Interferometers (CAI) for measuring the diagonal elements of the gravity gradient tensor, the spacecraft angular velocity and the spacecraft acceleration. The aim is to achieve better performance than previous space gravity missions due to a very low white noise spectral behaviour of the CAI instrument and a very high common mode rejection, with the ultimate goals of determining the fine structures of the gravity field with higher accuracy than GOCE and detecting time-variable signals in the gravity field.
Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees)
Brierley, Andrew
88 Economics & Finance MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degrees) Economics See page 13 MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Ancient
The equilibrium of dense plasma in a gravity field
B. V. Vasiliev
2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
The equilibrium of dense plasma in a gravity field and problem of a gravity-induced electric polarization in this matter are discussed. The calculation for metals performed before shows that both - the gravity-induced compressive strain and the gravity-induced electric field - are inversely proportional to their Young moduli. The calculation for high dense plasma, where Young modulus is equal to zero, shows that there is another effect: each cell of this plasma inside a celestial body in own gravity field obtains the small positive electric charge. It happens as heavy ions sag on to light electron clouds. A celestial body stays electrically neutral as a whole, because the negative electric charge concentrates on its surface. The gravity-induced positive volume charge is very small, its order of magnitude equals to $10^{-18}e$ per atom only. But it is sufficient for the complete conterbalancing of the gravity force.
Quantum gravity, torsion, parity violation, and all that
Freidel, Laurent [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N. Waterloo, N2L 2Y5, Ontario (Canada); Laboratoire de Physique, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, 46 Allee d'Italie, 69364 Lyon, Cedex 07 (France); Minic, Djordje; Takeuchi, Tatsu [Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)
2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the issue of parity violation in quantum gravity. In particular, we study the coupling of fermionic degrees of freedom in the presence of torsion and the physical meaning of the Immirzi parameter from the viewpoint of effective field theory. We derive the low-energy effective Lagrangian which turns out to involve two parameters: one measuring the nonminimal coupling of fermions in the presence of torsion, the other being the Immirzi parameter. In the case of nonminimal coupling the effective Lagrangian contains an axial-vector interaction leading to parity violation. Alternatively, in the case of minimal coupling there is no parity violation and the effective Lagrangian contains only the usual axial-axial interaction. In this situation the real values of the Immirzi parameter are not at all constrained. On the other hand, purely imaginary values of the Immirzi parameter lead to violations of unitarity for the case of nonminimal coupling. Finally, the effective Lagrangian blows up for the positive and negative unit imaginary values of the Immirzi parameter.
Propagation of gravitational waves in multimetric gravity
Manuel Hohmann
2012-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the propagation of gravitational waves in a recently discussed class of theories containing N >= 2 metric tensors and a corresponding number of standard model copies. Using the formalism of gauge-invariant linear perturbation theory we show that all gravitational waves propagate at the speed of light. We then employ the Newman-Penrose formalism to show that two to six polarizations of gravitational waves may exist, depending on the parameters entering the equations of motion. This corresponds to E(2) representations N_2, N_3, III_5 and II_6. We finally apply our general discussion to a recently presented concrete multimetric gravity model and show that it is of class N_2, i.e., it allows only two tensor polarizations, as it is the case for general relativity. Our results provide the theoretical background for tests of multimetric gravity theories using the upcoming gravitational wave experiments.
Hydrogen atom in Palatini theories of gravity
Gonzalo J. Olmo
2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects that the gravitational interaction of $f(R)$ theories of gravity in Palatini formalism has on the stationary states of the Hydrogen atom. We show that the role of gravity in this system is very important for lagrangians $f(R)$ with terms that grow at low curvatures, which have been proposed to explain the accelerated expansion rate of the universe. We find that new gravitationally induced terms in the atomic Hamiltonian generate a strong backreaction that is incompatible with the very existence of bound states. In fact, in the 1/R model, Hydrogen disintegrates in less than two hours. The universe that we observe is, therefore, incompatible with that kind of gravitational interaction. Lagrangians with high curvature corrections do not lead to such instabilities.
Quantum Gravity models - brief conceptual summary
Jerzy Lukierski
2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
After short historical overview we describe the difficulties with application of standard QFT methods in quantum gravity (QG). The incompatibility of QG with the use of classical continuous space-time required conceptually new approach. We present briefly three proposals: loop quantum gravity (LQG), the field-theoretic framework on noncommutative space-time and QG models formulated on discretized (triangularized) space-time. We evaluate these models as realizing expected important properties of QG: background independence, consistent quantum diffeomorphisms, noncommutative or discrete structure of space-time at very short distances, finite/renormalizable QG corrections. We only briefly outline an important issue of embedding QG into larger geometric and dynamical frameworks (e.g. supergravity, (super)strings, p-branes, M-theory), with the aim to achieve full unification of all fundamental interactions.
Holographic studies of quasi-topological gravity
Robert C. Myers; Miguel F. Paulos; Aninda Sinha
2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
Quasi-topological gravity is a new gravitational theory including curvature-cubed interactions and for which exact black hole solutions were constructed. In a holographic framework, classical quasi-topological gravity can be thought to be dual to the large $N_c$ limit of some non-supersymmetric but conformal gauge theory. We establish various elements of the AdS/CFT dictionary for this duality. This allows us to infer physical constraints on the couplings in the gravitational theory. Further we use holography to investigate hydrodynamic aspects of the dual gauge theory. In particular, we find that the minimum value of the shear-viscosity-to-entropy-density ratio for this model is $\\eta/s \\simeq 0.4140/(4\\pi)$.
Black holes in Asymptotically Safe Gravity
Saueressig, Frank; D'Odorico, Giulio; Vidotto, Francesca
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Black holes are among the most fascinating objects populating our universe. Their characteristic features, encompassing spacetime singularities, event horizons, and black hole thermodynamics, provide a rich testing ground for quantum gravity ideas. In this note we observe that the renormalization group improved Schwarzschild black holes constructed by Bonanno and Reuter within Weinberg's asymptotic safety program constitute a prototypical example of a Hayward geometry used to model non-singular black holes within quantum gravity phenomenology. Moreover, they share many features of a Planck star: their effective geometry naturally incorporates the one-loop corrections found in the effective field theory framework, their Kretschmann scalar is bounded, and the black hole singularity is replaced by a regular de Sitter patch. The role of the cosmological constant in the renormalization group improvement process is briefly discussed.
Elliptic Genera and 3d Gravity
Benjamin, Nathan; Kachru, Shamit; Moore, Gregory W; Paquette, Natalie M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We describe general constraints on the elliptic genus of a 2d supersymmetric conformal field theory which has a gravity dual with large radius in Planck units. We give examples of theories which do and do not satisfy the bounds we derive, by describing the elliptic genera of symmetric product orbifolds of $K3$, product manifolds, certain simple families of Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces, and symmetric products of the "Monster CFT." We discuss the distinction between theories with supergravity duals and those whose duals have strings at the scale set by the AdS curvature. Under natural assumptions we attempt to quantify the fraction of (2,2) supersymmetric conformal theories which admit a weakly curved gravity description, at large central charge.
Chaotic inflation in higher derivative gravity theories
Myrzakul, Shynaray; Sebastiani, Lorenzo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we investigate chaotic inflation from scalar field subjected to potential in the framework of $f(R^2, P, Q)$-gravity, where we add a correction to Einstein's gravity based on a function of the square of the Ricci scalar $R^2$, the contraction of the Ricci tensor $P$, and the contraction of the Riemann tensor $Q$. The Gauss-Bonnet case is also discussed. We give the general formalism of inflation, deriving the slow-roll parameters, the $e$-folds number, and the spectral indexes. Several explicit examples are furnished, namely we will consider the cases of massive scalar field and scalar field with quartic potential and some power-law function of the curvature invariants under investigation in the gravitational action of the theory. Viable inflation according with observations is analyzed.
Infrared modification of gravity from conformal symmetry
Gegenberg, Jack; Seahra, Sanjeev S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We reconsider a gauge theory of gravity in which the gauge group is the conformal group SO(4,2) and the action is of the Yang-Mills form, quadratic in the curvature. The resulting gravitational theory exhibits local conformal symmetry and reduces to Weyl-squared gravity under certain conditions. When the theory is linearized about flat spacetime, we find that matter which couples to the generators of special conformal transformations reproduces Newton's inverse square law. Conversely, matter which couples to generators of translations induces a constant and possibly repulsive force far from the source, which may be relevant for explaining the late time acceleration of the universe. The coupling constant of theory is dimensionless, which means that it is potentially renormalizable.
Equivalence principle in scalar-tensor gravity
Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present a direct confirmation of the validity of the equivalence principle for unstructured test bodies in scalar tensor gravity. Our analysis is complementary to previous approaches and valid for a large class of scalar-tensor theories of gravitation. A covariant approach is used to derive the equations of motion in a systematic way and allows for the experimental test of scalar-tensor theories by means of extended test bodies.
Charged Cylindrical Black Holes in Conformal Gravity
Jackson Levi Said; Joseph Sultana; Kristian Zarb Adami
2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
Considering cylindrical topology we present the static solution for a charged black hole in conformal gravity. We show that unlike the general relativistic case there are two different solutions, both including a factor that when set to zero recovers the familiar static charged black string solution in Einstein's theory. This factor gives rise to a linear term in the potential that also features in the neutral case and may have significant ramifications for particle trajectories.
QPOs: Einstein's gravity non-linear resonances
Paola Rebusco; Marek A. Abramowicz
2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
There is strong evidence that the observed kHz Quasi Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in the X-ray flux of neutron star and black hole sources in LMXRBs are linked to Einstein's General Relativity. Abramowicz&Klu\\'zniak (2001) suggested a non-linear resonance model to explain the QPOs origin: here we summarize their idea and the development of a mathematical toy-model which begins to throw light on the nature of Einstein's gravity non-linear oscillations.
Twisted covariant noncommutative self-dual gravity
Estrada-Jimenez, S.; Garcia-Compean, H.; Obregon, O.; Ramirez, C. [Centro de Estudios en Fisica y Matematicas Basicas y Aplicadas, Universidad Autonoma de Chiapas, Calle 4 Oriente Norte 1428, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas (Mexico); Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, P.O. Box 14-740, 07000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Monterrey, PIIT, Via del Conocimiento 201, Autopista nueva al Aeropuerto km 9.5, 66600, Apodaca Nuevo Leon (Mexico); Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato, P.O. Box E-143, 37150, Leon Gto. (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas, Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, P.O. Box 1364, 72000, Puebla (Mexico)
2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A twisted covariant formulation of noncommutative self-dual gravity is presented. The formulation for constructing twisted noncommutative Yang-Mills theories is used. It is shown that the noncommutative torsion is solved at any order of the {theta} expansion in terms of the tetrad and some extra fields of the theory. In the process the first order expansion in {theta} for the Plebanski action is explicitly obtained.
Gravity and Yang-Mills amplitude relations
Bjerrum-Bohr, N. E. J.; Damgaard, Poul H.; Soendergaard, Thomas [Niels Bohr International Academy and Discovery Center, Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100, Copenhagen O (Denmark); FengBo [Center of Mathematical Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou (China)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using only general features of the S matrix and quantum field theory, we prove by induction the Kawai-Lewellen-Tye relations that link products of gauge theory amplitudes to gravity amplitudes at tree level. As a bonus of our analysis, we provide a novel and more symmetric form of these relations. We also establish an infinite tower of new identities between amplitudes in gauge theories.
Gravity controlled anti-reverse rotation device
Dickinson, Robert J. (Shaler Township, Allegheny County, PA); Wetherill, Todd M. (Lower Burrell, PA)
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A gravity assisted anti-reverse rotation device for preventing reverse rotation of pumps and the like. A horizontally mounted pawl is disposed to mesh with a fixed ratchet preventing reverse rotation when the pawl is advanced into intercourse with the ratchet by a vertically mounted lever having a lumped mass. Gravitation action on the lumped mass urges the pawl into mesh with the ratchet, while centrifugal force on the lumped mass during forward, allowed rotation retracts the pawl away from the ratchet.
Holographic Superconductors in Horava-Lifshitz Gravity
Kai Lin; Elcio Abdalla; Anzhong Wang
2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider holographic superconductors related to the Schwarzschild black hole in the low energy limit of Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz spacetime. The non-relativistic electromagnetic and scalar fields are introduced to construct a holographic superconductor model in Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity and the results show that the $\\alpha_2$ term plays an important role, modifying the conductivity curve line by means of an attenuation the conductivity.
Exact Gravity Dual of a Gapless Superconductor
George Koutsoumbas; Eleftherios Papantonopoulos; George Siopsis
2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
A model of an exact gravity dual of a gapless superconductor is presented in which the condensate is provided by a charged scalar field coupled to a bulk black hole of hyperbolic horizon in asymptotically AdS spacetime. Below a critical temperature, the black hole acquires its hair through a phase transition while an electromagnetic perturbation of the background Maxwell field determines the conductivity of the boundary theory.
Holographic Superconductivity with Gauss-Bonnet gravity
Ruth Gregory
2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
I review recent work on holographic superconductivity with Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity, and show how the critical temperature of the superconductor depends on both gravitational backreaction and the Gauss-Bonnet parameter, using both analytic and numerical arguments. I also review computations of the conductivity, finding the energy gap, and demonstrating that there is no universal gap ratio, $\\omega_g/T_c$, for these superconductors.
SHADES: The Scuba HAlf Degree Extragalactic Survey
James S. Dunlop
2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
SHADES is a new, major, extragalactic sub-mm survey currently being undertaken with SCUBA on the JCMT. The aim of this survey is to map 0.5 square degrees of sky at a depth sufficient to provide the first, major (~300 source), unbiased sample of bright (S(850) > 8 mJy) sub-mm sources. Combined with extensive multi-frequency supporting observations already in hand, we aim to measure the redshift distribution, clustering and AGN content of the sub-mm population. Currently 40% complete, the survey is due to run until early 2006. Here I provide some early example results which demonstrate the potential power of our combined data set, and highlight a series of forthcoming papers which will present results based on the current interim sample of ~130 850-micron sources detected within the Lockman Hole and SXDF SHADES survey fields.
Constraining Torsion with Gravity Probe B
Yi Mao; Max Tegmark; Alan Guth; Serkan Cabi
2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
It is well-entrenched folklore that torsion gravity theories predict observationally negligible torsion in the solar system, since torsion (if it exists) couples only to the intrinsic spin of elementary particles, not to rotational angular momentum. We argue that this assumption has a logical loophole which can and should be tested experimentally. In the spirit of action=reaction, if a rotating mass like a planet can generate torsion, then a gyroscope should also feel torsion. Using symmetry arguments, we show that to lowest order, the torsion field around a uniformly rotating spherical mass is determined by seven dimensionless parameters. These parameters effectively generalize the PPN formalism and provide a concrete framework for further testing GR. We construct a parametrized Lagrangian that includes both standard torsion-free GR and Hayashi- Shirafuji maximal torsion gravity as special cases. We demonstrate that classic solar system tests rule out the latter and constrain two observable parameters. We show that Gravity Probe B (GPB) is an ideal experiment for further constraining torsion theories, and work out the most general torsion-induced precession of its gyroscope in terms of our torsion parameters
PROGRAMS AND DEGREES Twenty degree programs are offered by the College on the
Marques, Oge
Â· Marine Engineering Mgmt Â· Mechanical Engineering Â· Â· Â· Ocean Engineering Â· Â· Â· G.C. Â Graduate University System. From the College's start in 1965 with the first degree program in ocean engineering. Discipline G.C. B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Bioengineering Â· Â· Civil Engineering Â· Â· Â· Computer Engineering
PROGRAMS AND DEGREES Twenty degree programs are offered by the College on the
Fernandez, Eduardo
Â· Marine Engineering Mgmt Â· Mechanical Engineering Â· Â· Â· Ocean Engineering Â· Â· Â· G.C. Â Graduate in 1965 with the first degree program in ocean engineering, the College of Engineering and Computer. Discipline G.C. B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Bioengineering Â· Â· Civil Engineering Â· Â· Â· Computer Engineering
Protocol for New Degree Program Proposals When is a new degree program proposal needed?
Mojzsis, Stephen J.
Affairs Highlights' series in 2009, can be found at: https://www.cu.edu/articles/upload/BOR Academic://www.colorado.edu/GraduateSchool/academics/_docs/GuideforConcDeg.doc An informal overview of the new degree program approval process, provided by the system Academic Affairs office in their `Academic
Degree Level Expectations for Graduates Receiving the Degree of Bachelor of Applied Science
Prodiæ, Aleksandar
of knowledge across mathematics, basic sciences, engineering sciences, engineering economics and engineering of Applied Science and Engineering University of Toronto Revised: May 28, 2008 1 Introduction This document except Engineering Science. The Faculty is putting forward a new degree for graduates of the Engineering
Cooling, Gravity and Geometry: Flow-driven Massive Core Formation
Fabian Heitsch; Lee Hartmann; Adrianne D. Slyz; Julien E. G. Devriendt; Andreas Burkert
2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study numerically the formation of molecular clouds in large-scale colliding flows including self-gravity. The models emphasize the competition between the effects of gravity on global and local scales in an isolated cloud. Global gravity builds up large-scale filaments, while local gravity -- triggered by a combination of strong thermal and dynamical instabilities -- causes cores to form. The dynamical instabilities give rise to a local focusing of the colliding flows, facilitating the rapid formation of massive protostellar cores of a few 100 M$_\\odot$. The forming clouds do not reach an equilibrium state, though the motions within the clouds appear comparable to ``virial''. The self-similar core mass distributions derived from models with and without self-gravity indicate that the core mass distribution is set very early on during the cloud formation process, predominantly by a combination of thermal and dynamical instabilities rather than by self-gravity.
Health Physics Enrollents and Degrees Survey, 2006 Data
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
This annual survey collects 2006 data on the number of health physics degrees awarded as well as the number of students enrolled in health physics academic programs. Thirty universities offer health physics degrees; all responded to the survey.
Reverse Transfer Associate Degree Initiative Agreement Michigan State University
Reverse Transfer Associate Degree Initiative Agreement Michigan State University & Lake Michigan students who have transferred to Michigan State University (MSU) in completing an associate's degree at Lake Michigan College (LMC). This initiative is an extension of the transfer agreements already
New Agegraphic Dark Energy in $f(R)$ Gravity
M. R. Setare
2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study cosmological application of new agegraphic dark energy density in the $f(R)$ gravity framework. We employ the new agegraphic model of dark energy to obtain the equation of state for the new agegraphic energy density in spatially flat universe. Our calculation show, taking $nnew agegraphic dark energy model in flat universe in the modified gravity cosmology framework. Also we develop a reconstruction scheme for the modified gravity with $f(R)$ action.
Solar System experiments do not yet veto modified gravity models
Valerio Faraoni
2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamical equivalence between modified and scalar-tensor gravity theories is revisited and it is concluded that it breaks down in the limit to general relativity. A gauge-independent analysis of cosmological perturbations in both classes of theories lends independent support to this conclusion. As a consequence, the PPN formalism of scalar-tensor gravity and Solar System experiments do not veto modified gravity, as previously thought.
AdS waves as exact solutions to quadratic gravity
Guellue, Ibrahim; Sisman, Tahsin Cagri; Tekin, Bayram [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara (Turkey); Guerses, Metin [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences Bilkent University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We give an exact solution of the quadratic gravity in D dimensions. The solution is a plane-fronted wave metric with a cosmological constant. This metric solves not only the full quadratic gravity field equations but also the linearized ones which include the linearized equations of the recently found critical gravity. A subset of the solutions change the asymptotic structure of the anti-de Sitter space due to their logarithmic behavior.
Analysis of faults using gravity methods in Mason County, Texas
Milligan, Michael Glen
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Committee: Dr. D. A. Fahlquist Dr. B. Johnson The objective of this study is to determine the applicability of gravity profiling methods for determining the location and throw of a series of faults related to a structural graben in northern Mason County... profiles. For two faults with the best geologic control, the best-fit gravity models compared favorably with the the geologic model constructed by Randolph (1991) on the basis of surface mapping, structural control and well control. The gravity models...
Gravity interpretation of the northern Overthrust Belt, Idaho and Wyoming
Silver, Wendy Ilene
1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
provide a potential source of information about the configuration of the sedimentary rock / Precambrian basement interface as well as the geometry of the overlying younger rocks. GRAVITY DA. A Regional Gravity The regional gravity field of Wyoming..., Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous units. It may therefore be concluded that the uplifts of the Precambrian basement were fomed after the deposition of those overly1ng sedimentary rocks. ACKNOWLEDGEMEWTS I w1sh to thank Dr, R. R. Berg, chairman of my...
Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2005 Data
Oak RIdge Institute for Science and Education
2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This annual report details the number of nuclear engineering bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees awarded at a sampling of academic programs from 1998-2005. it also looks at nuclear engineering degrees by curriculum and the number of students enrolled in nuclear engineering degree programs at 30 U.S. universities in 2005.
Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2005 Data
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This annual report details the number of health physics bachelor's, master's, and postdoctoral degrees awarded at a sampling of academic programs from 1998-2005. It also looks at health physics degrees by curriculum and the number of students enrolled in health physics degree programs at 30 U.S. universities in 2005.
Dental Hygiene Degree Completion Program 2015 Admission Application Instructions
Jones, Michelle
Dental Hygiene Degree Completion Program 2015 Admission Application Instructions These instructions have been prepared for applicants to The Ohio State University Dental Hygiene Degree Completion Program about the dental hygiene degree completion program is available at www.dent.osu.edu/dhy . Admission
CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31
Qiu, Weigang
CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31 DAAF 12/09 Hunter College of the City Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR DEGREE AUDIT UNIT Student Specialization Section #12;CURRICULUM CODE: 611 & 613 MINOR CODE 061 DEGREE CODE: 31 DAAF 12/09 *****A SEPARATE
CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_
Qiu, Weigang
CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_ 1/24/2006 Hunter College of the City-mail address Department Stamp THIS AUDIT IS NOT OFFICIAL UNTIL APPROVED BY THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR, DEGREE Section Only For January 2010 Graduate #12;CURRICULUM CODE_611 & 613 MINOR CODE 062 DEGREE CODE _31_ 1
Introduction to Network Analysis 21 Generating Functions and Degree Distributions
Safro, Ilya
Introduction to Network Analysis 21 Generating Functions and Degree Distributions we add zero term because of infinity #12;Introduction to Network Analysis 22 Number of second neighbors of a vertex Probability of having k second neighbors given m first neighbors degree distribution Prob excess degrees of m
asymptotically safe gravity: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
at high energies. Elisa Manrique; Stefan Rechenberger; Frank Saueressig 2011-02-24 2 Fractal Spacetime Structure in Asymptotically Safe Gravity General Relativity & Quantum...
Ground Gravity Survey At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal...
Survey Activity Date - 1986 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes A computer program capable of two-dimensional modeling of gravity data was used in interpreting...
Quantized gauge-affine gravity in the superfiber bundle approach
A. Meziane; M. Tahiri
2005-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
The quantization of gauge-affine gravity within the superfiber bundle formalism is proposed. By introducing an even pseudotensorial 1-superform over a principal superfibre bundle with superconnection, we obtain the geometrical Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) and anti-BRST transformations of the fields occurring in such a theory. Reducing the four-dimensional general affine group double-covering to the Poincare group double-covering we also find the BRST and anti-BRST transformations of the fields present in Einstein's gravity. Furthermore, we give a prescription leading to the construction of both BRST-invariant gauge-fixing action for gauge-affine gravity and Einstein's gravity.
atmospheric gravity waves: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
gravity waves (AGWs). Satellite imagery shows evidence the characteristics of these waves. The favorable wave propagation conditions in 12;this region are illustrated 5...
Integration of Full Tensor Gravity and ZTEM Passive Low Frequency...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
and ZTEM Passive Low Frequency EM Instruments for Simultaneous Data Acquisition Integration of Full Tensor Gravity and ZTEM Passive Low Frequency EM Instruments for...
Ground Gravity Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank...
Fairbank Engineering Ltd, 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not...
Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski...
Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration...
Exercise protocols during short-radius centrifugation for artificial gravity
Edmonds, Jessica Leigh
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Long-duration spaceflight results in severe physiological deconditioning, threatening the success of interplanetary travel. Exercise combined with artificial gravity provided by centrifugation may be the comprehensive ...
The f(R) Gravity Function of the Linde Quintessence
Sergei V. Ketov; Natsuki Watanabe
2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the f(R) gravity function in the dual gravity description of the quintessence model with a quadratic (Linde) scalar potential and a positive cosmological constant. We find that in the large curvature regime relevant to chaotic inflation in early Universe, the dual f(R) gravity is well approximated by the (matter) loop-corrected Starobinsky inflationary model. In the small curvature regime relevant to dark energy in the present Universe, the f(R) gravity function reduces to the Einstein-Hilbert one with a positive cosmological constant.
Ground Gravity Survey At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Warpinski...
fault zones. The focus of Lake City Geothermal's current effort is on enhancing the site interpretation by re-evaluating the existing seismic data, conducting a detailed gravity...
Lessons in quantum gravity from quantum field theory
Berenstein, David [Department of Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Institute for Advanced Study, School of Natural Science, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reviews advances in the understanding of quantum gravity based on field theory calculations in the AdS/CFT correspondence.
Ground Gravity Survey At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Allis...
DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Gravity surveys were conducted to monitor the evolution of the geothermal reservoir. Notes A 12 month long experiment was conducted using a...
Summary of Session A6: Alternative Theories of Gravity
R. B. Mann
1998-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
This is a summary of the workshop A.6 on Alternative Theories of Gravity, prepared for the proceedings for the GR15 conference.
Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area...
Battaglia, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Battaglia,...
Strong and weak gravitational field in $R+?^4/R$ gravity
Kh. Saaidi; A. Vajdi; S. W. Rabiei; A. Aghamohammadi; H. Sheikhahmadi
2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new approach for investigating the weak field limit of vacuum field equations in $f(R)$ gravity and we find the weak field limit of $f(R)=R+\\mu ^4/R$ gravity. Furthermore, we study the strong gravity regime in $R+\\mu^{4}/R$ model of $f(R)$ gravity. We show the existence of strong gravitational field in vacuum for such model. We find out in the limit $\\mu\\rightarrow 0$, the weak field limit and the strong gravitational field can be regarded as a perturbed Schwarzschild metric.
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio: Energy8429Â°, -88.864698Â°Mecosta County,New York: Energyxml
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand Retrievals from a NewCuneoTechnologyCHPRC NewsMarch AprilHouse
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTUREBrowser Interface
Multiple-degree-of-freedom vehicle
Borenstein, Johann (Ann Arbor, MI)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A multi-degree-of-freedom vehicle employs a compliant linkage to accommodate the need for a variation in the distance between drive wheels or drive systems which are independently steerable and drivable. The subject vehicle is provided with rotary encodes to provide signals representative of the orientation of the steering pivot associated with each such drive wheel or system, and a linear encoder which issues a signal representative of the fluctuations in the distance between the drive elements. The wheels of the vehicle are steered and driven in response to the linear encoder signal, there being provided a controller system for minimizing the fluctuations in the distance. The controller system is a software implementation of a plurality of controllers, operating at the chassis level and at the vehicle level. A trajectory interpolator receives x-displacement, y-displacement, and .theta.-displacement signals and produces to the vehicle level controller trajectory signals corresponding to interpolated control signals. The x-displacement, y-displacement, and .theta.-displacement signals are received from a human operator, via a manipulable joy stick.
Process and economic model of in-field heavy oil upgrading using aqueous pyrolysis
Thorsness, C. B., LLNL
1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
A process and economic model for aqueous pyrolysis in-field upgrading of heavy oil has been developed. The model has been constructed using the ASPEN PLUS chemical process simulator. The process features cracking of heavy oil at moderate temperatures in the presence of water to increase oil quality and thus the value of the oil. Calculations with the model indicate that for a 464 Mg/day (3,000 bbl/day) process, which increases the oil API gravity of the processed oil from 13.5{degree} to 22.4{degree}, the required value increase of the oil would need to be at least $2.80/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API($0.40/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API) to make the process economically attractive. This level of upgrading has been demonstrated in preliminary experiments with candidate catalysts. For improved catalysts capable of having the coke make and increasing the pyrolysis rate, a required price increase for the oil as low as $1.34/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API ($0.21/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API)has been calculated.
Exact sampling of graphs with prescribed degree correlations
Bassler, Kevin E; Erd?s, Péter L; Miklós, István; Toroczkai, Zoltán
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many real-world networks exhibit correlations between the node degrees. For instance, in social networks nodes tend to connect to nodes of similar degree. Conversely, in biological and technological networks, high-degree nodes tend to be linked with low-degree nodes. Degree correlations also affect the dynamics of processes supported by a network structure, such as the spread of opinions or epidemics. The proper modelling of these systems, i.e., without uncontrolled biases, requires the sampling of networks with a specified set of constraints. We present a solution to the sampling problem when the constraints imposed are the degree correlations. In particular, we develop an efficient and exact method to construct and sample graphs with a specified joint-degree matrix, which is a matrix providing the number of edges between all the sets of nodes of a given degree, for all degrees, thus completely specifying all pairwise degree correlations, and additionally, the degree sequence itself. Our algorithm always pro...
Fractal Spacetime Structure in Asymptotically Safe Gravity
O. Lauscher; M. Reuter
2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Four-dimensional Quantum Einstein Gravity (QEG) is likely to be an asymptotically safe theory which is applicable at arbitrarily small distance scales. On sub-Planckian distances it predicts that spacetime is a fractal with an effective dimensionality of 2. The original argument leading to this result was based upon the anomalous dimension of Newton's constant. In the present paper we demonstrate that also the spectral dimension equals 2 microscopically, while it is equal to 4 on macroscopic scales. This result is an exact consequence of asymptotic safety and does not rely on any truncation. Contact is made with recent Monte Carlo simulations.
Gamma Ray Burst Neutrinos Probing Quantum Gravity
M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; F. Halzen
2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z
Very high energy, short wavelength, neutrinos may interact with the space-time foam predicted by theories of quantum gravity. They would propagate like light through a crystal lattice and be delayed, with the delay depending on the energy. This will appear to the observer as a violation of Lorenz invariance. Back of the envelope calculations imply that observations of neutrinos produced by gamma ray bursts may reach Planck-scale sensitivity. We revisit the problem considering two essential complications: the imprecise timing of the neutrinos associated with their poorly understood production mechanism in the source and the indirect nature of their energy measurement made by high energy neutrino telescopes.
Dynamics of generalized Palatini theories of gravity
Vitagliano, Vincenzo; Liberati, Stefano [SISSA-International School for Advanced Studies, Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy) and INFN sezione di Trieste, sezione di Trieste, via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Sotiriou, Thomas P. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Center for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is known that in f(R) theories of gravity with an independent connection which can be both nonmetric and nonsymmetric, this connection can always be algebraically eliminated in favor of the metric and the matter fields, so long as it is not coupled to the matter explicitly. We show here that this is a special characteristic of f(R) actions, and it is not true for actions that include other curvature invariants. This contradicts some recent claims in the literature. We clarify the reasons for this contradiction.
A high frequency resonance gravity gradiometer
Bagaev, S. N.; Kvashnin, N. L.; Skvortsov, M. N. [Laser Physics Institute SB RAS, Novosibirsc (Russian Federation); Bezrukov, L. B.; Krysanov, V. A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation); Oreshkin, S. I.; Motylev, A. M.; Popov, S. M.; Samoilenko, A. A.; Yudin, I. S. [Lomonosov MSU, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Rudenko, V. N. [Institute of Nuclear Physics RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lomonosov MSU, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new setup OGRAN—the large scale opto-acoustical gravitational detector is described. As distinguished from known gravitational bar detectors it uses the optical interferometrical readout for registering weak variations of gravity gradient at the kilohetz frequency region. At room temperature, its sensitivity is limited only by the bar Brownian noise at the bandwidth close to 100 Hz. It is destined for a search for rare events—gravitational pulses coincident with signals of neutrino scintillator (BUST) in the deep underground of Baksan Neutrino Observatory of INR RAS.
Confronting Dilaton-exchange gravity with experiments
H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; U. Sarkar
2000-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
We study the experimental constraints on theories, where the equivalence principle is violated by dilaton-exchange contributions to the usual graviton-exchange gravity. We point out that in this case it is not possible to have any CPT violation and hence there is no constraint from the CPT violating measurements in the $K-$system. The most stringent bound is obtained from the $K_L - K_S$ mass difference. In contrast, neither neutrino oscillation experiments nor neutrinoless double beta decay imply significant constraints.
Wave Packets Propagation in Quantum Gravity
Kourosh Nozari; S. H. Mehdipour
2005-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Wave packet broadening in usual quantum mechanics is a consequence of dispersion behavior of the medium which the wave propagates in it. In this paper, we consider the problem of wave packet broadening in the framework of Generalized Uncertainty Principle(GUP) of quantum gravity. New dispersion relations are derived in the context of GUP and it has been shown that there exists a gravitational induced dispersion which leads to more broadening of the wave packets. As a result of these dispersion relations, a generalized Klein-Gordon equation is obtained and its interpretation is given.
Anisotropic higher derivative gravity and inflationary universe
W. F. Kao
2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
Stability analysis of the Kantowski-Sachs type universe in pure higher derivative gravity theory is studied in details. The non-redundant generalized Friedmann equation of the system is derived by introducing a reduced one dimensional generalized KS type action. This method greatly reduces the labor in deriving field equations of any complicate models. Existence and stability of inflationary solution in the presence of higher derivative terms are also studied in details. Implications to the choice of physical theories are discussed in details in this paper.
Inflationary Universe in Higher Derivative Induced Gravity
W. F. Kao
2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
In an induced-gravity model, the stability condition of an inflationary slow-rollover solution is shown to be $\\phi_0 \\partial_{\\phi_0}V(\\phi_0)=4V(\\phi_0)$. The presence of higher derivative terms will, however, act against the stability of this expanding solution unless further constraints on the field parameters are imposed. We find that these models will acquire a non-vanishing cosmological constant at the end of inflation. Some models are analyzed for their implication to the early universe.
Loop Quantum Gravity: An Inside View
Thomas Thiemann
2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
This is a (relatively) non -- technical summary of the status of the quantum dynamics in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). We explain in detail the historical evolution of the subject and why the results obtained so far are non -- trivial. The present text can be viewed in part as a response to an article by Nicolai, Peeters and Zamaklar [hep-th/0501114]. We also explain why certain no go conclusions drawn from a mathematically correct calculation in a recent paper by Helling et al [hep-th/0409182] are physically incorrect.
Hall viscosity from gauge/gravity duality
Omid Saremi; Dam Thanh Son
2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
In (2+1)-dimensional systems with broken parity, there exists yet another transport coefficient, appearing at the same order as the shear viscosity in the hydrodynamic derivative expansion. In condensed matter physics, it is referred to as "Hall viscosity". We consider a simple holographic realization of a (2+1)-dimensional isotropic fluid with broken spatial parity. Using techniques of fluid/gravity correspondence, we uncover that the holographic fluid possesses a nonzero Hall viscosity, whose value only depends on the near-horizon region of the background. We also write down a Kubo's formula for the Hall viscosity. We confirm our results by directly computing the Hall viscosity using the formula.
Thermodynamics of 5D dilaton-gravity
Megias, E. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Heidelberg (Germany); Instituto de Fisica Teorica CSIC-UAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)
2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the free energy, spatial string tension and Polyakov loop of the gluon plasma using the dilaton potential of Ref. [1] in the dilaton-gravity theory of AdS/QCD. The free energy is computed from the Black Hole solutions of the Einstein equations in two ways: first, from the Bekenstein-Hawking proportionality of the entropy with the area of the horizon, and secondly from the Page-Hawking computation of the free energy. The finite temperature behaviour of the spatial string tension and Polyakov loop follow from the corresponding string theory in AdS{sub 5}. Comparison with lattice data is made.
Holographic renormalization of new massive gravity
Alishahiha, Mohsen [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Naseh, Ali [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9161, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study holographic renormalization for three-dimensional new massive gravity. By studying the general falloff conditions for the metric allowed by the model at infinity, we show that at the critical point where the central charges of the dual conformal field theory (CFT) are zero, it contains a leading logarithmic behavior. In the context of AdS/CFT correspondence it can be identified as a source for an irrelevant operator in the dual CFT. The presence of the logarithmic falloff may be interpreted as the fact that the dual CFT would be a logarithmic conformal field theory.
Gravity dual of spatially modulated phase
Nakamura, Shin [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); IPMU, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8586 (Japan); Park, Chang-Soon [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the five-dimensional Maxwell theory with the Chern-Simons term is tachyonic in the presence of a constant electric field. When coupled to gravity, a sufficiently large Chern-Simons coupling causes instability of the Reissner-Nordstroem black holes in anti-de Sitter space. The instability happens only at nonvanishing momenta, suggesting a spatially modulated phase in the holographically dual quantum field theory in (3+1) dimensions, with spontaneous current generation in a helical configuration. The three-charge extremal black hole in the type IIB superstring theory on AdS{sub 5}xS{sup 5} barely satisfies the stability condition.
Apparent horizon in fluid-gravity duality
Booth, Ivan; Heller, Michal P.; Plewa, Grzegorz; Spalinski, Michal [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5S7 (Canada); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland) and Physics Department, University of Bialystok, 15-424 Bialystok (Poland)
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
This article develops a computational framework for determining the location of boundary-covariant apparent horizons in the geometry of conformal fluid-gravity duality in arbitrary dimensions. In particular, it is shown up to second order and conjectured to hold to all orders in the gradient expansion that there is a unique apparent horizon which is covariantly expressible in terms of fluid velocity, temperature, and boundary metric. This leads to the first explicit example of an entropy current defined by an apparent horizon and opens the possibility that in the near-equilibrium regime there is preferred foliation of apparent horizons for black holes in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes.
Seven-dimensional gravity with topological terms
Lue, H. [China Economics and Management Academy Central, University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081 (China); Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University, Nanhai Ave 3688, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Pang Yi [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We construct new seven-dimensional gravity by adding two topological terms to the Einstein-Hilbert action. For a certain choice of the coupling constants, these terms exist naturally in seven-dimensional gauged supergravity from the S{sup 4} reduction of eleven-dimensional supergravity with the R{sup 4} corrections. We derive the full set of the equations of motion. We find that the static spherically-symmetric black holes are unmodified by the topological terms. We obtain squashed AdS{sub 7}, and also squashed seven spheres and Q{sup 111} spaces in Euclidean signature.
Drag phenomena from holographic massive gravity
Matteo Baggioli; Daniel K. Brattan
2015-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the motion of point particles in a strongly coupled field theory with broken translation invariance. We obtain the energy and momentum loss rates and drag coefficients for a class of such particles by solving for the motion of classical strings in holographic massive gravity. At low temperatures compared to the graviton mass the behaviour of the string is controlled by the appearance of an exotic ground state with non-zero entropy at zero temperature. Additionally we find an upper bound on the diffusion constant for a collection of these particles which is saturated when the mass of the graviton goes to zero.
Drag phenomena from holographic massive gravity
Baggioli, Matteo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the motion of point particles in a strongly coupled field theory with broken translation invariance. We obtain the energy and momentum loss rates and drag coefficients for a class of such particles by solving for the motion of classical strings in holographic massive gravity. At low temperatures compared to the graviton mass the behaviour of the string is controlled by the appearance of an exotic ground state with non-zero entropy at zero temperature. Additionally we find an upper bound on the diffusion constant for a collection of these particles which is saturated when the mass of the graviton goes to zero.
Category:Gravity Techniques | Open Energy Information
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Moho topography beneath the Corinth Rift area (Greece) from inversion of gravity data
Demouchy, Sylvie
Moho topography beneath the Corinth Rift area (Greece) from inversion of gravity data C. Tiberi,1 to Miocene lithospheric instabilities. Key words: boudinage, continental rifts, gravity inversion, Greece
ZEOLITE CATALYSIS - TECHNOLOGY
Heinemann, Heinz
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and after Hydrodewaxing with 2SH-5 Virgin heavy gas oil MMDWprocessed heavy gas oil Properties Gravity, API Pour point,
Gravity waves excited by jets: Propagation versus generation R. Plougonven
Plougonven, Riwal
Gravity waves excited by jets: Propagation versus generation R. Plougonven School of Mathematics imposed by the generation mechanism. In proceeding so, effects due to the propagation of the waves through simulations demonstrate that the propagation of inertia-gravity waves through horizontal deformation
Gravity Field and Internal Structure of Mercury from MESSENGER
Zuber, Maria
,5 Mark E. Perry,11 David D. Rowlands,5 Sander Goossens,12 James W. Head,13 Anthony H. Taylor14 RadioGravity Field and Internal Structure of Mercury from MESSENGER David E. Smith,1 Maria T. Zuber,1 tracking of the MESSENGER spacecraft has provided a model of Mercury's gravity field. In the northern
Wavelet based inversion of gravity data Fabio Boschetti
Boschetti, Fabio
1 Wavelet based inversion of gravity data Fabio Boschetti CSIRO Exploration & Mining and Australian Running Heading: Wavelet based inversion of gravity data #12;2 ABSTRACT The Green's function of the Poisson equation, and its spatial derivatives, lead to a family of wavelets specifically tailored
Cosmological evolutions of $F(R)$ nonlinear massive gravity
De-Jun Wu
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
Recently a new extended nonlinear massive gravity model has been proposed which includes the $F(R)$ modifications to dRGT model.We follow the $F(R)$ nonlinear massive gravity and study its implications on cosmological evolutions. We derive the critical points of the cosmic system and study the corresponding kinetics by performing the phase-plane analysis.
Mapping crustal thickness using marine gravity data: Methods and uncertainties
Müller, Dietmar
of petroleum systems within passive margins. However, direct measurements of crustal thickness are sparse geophysical data, to estimate crustal thickness. We evaluated alternative gravity inversion methodol- ogies, but economic considerations make gravity modeling a more practical approach for mapping crustal thickness over
On coupling NEC-violating matter to gravity
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Chatterjee, Saugata; Parikh, Maulik; van der Schaar, Jan Pieter
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
We show that effective theories of matter that classically violate the null energy condition cannot be minimally coupled to Einstein gravity without being inconsistent with both string theory and black hole thermodynamics. We argue however that they could still be either non-minimally coupled or coupled to higher-curvature theories of gravity.
Dipole gravity waves from unbound quadrupoles
Felber, Franklin
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dipole gravitational disturbances from gravitationally unbound mass quadrupoles propagate to the radiation zone with signal strength at least of quadrupole order if the quadrupoles are nonrelativistic, and of dipole order if relativistic. Angular distributions of parallel-polarized and transverse-polarized dipole power in the radiation zone are calculated for simple unbound quadrupoles, like a linear-oscillator/stress-wave pair and a particle storage ring. Laboratory tests of general relativity through measurements of dipole gravity waves in the source region are proposed. A NASA G2 flywheel module with a modified rotor can produce a post-Newtonian dc bias signal at a gradiometer up to 1 mE. At peak luminosity, the repulsive dipole impulses of proton bunches at the LHC can produce an rms velocity of a high-Q detector surface up to 4 micron/s. Far outside the source region, Newtonian lunar dipole gravity waves can produce a 1-cm displacement signal at LISA. Dipole signal strengths of astrophysical events invol...
Dipole gravity waves from unbound quadrupoles
Franklin Felber
2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
Dipole gravitational disturbances from gravitationally unbound mass quadrupoles propagate to the radiation zone with signal strength at least of quadrupole order if the quadrupoles are nonrelativistic, and of dipole order if relativistic. Angular distributions of parallel-polarized and transverse-polarized dipole power in the radiation zone are calculated for simple unbound quadrupoles, like a linear-oscillator/stress-wave pair and a particle storage ring. Laboratory tests of general relativity through measurements of dipole gravity waves in the source region are proposed. A NASA G2 flywheel module with a modified rotor can produce a post-Newtonian dc bias signal at a gradiometer up to 1 mE. At peak luminosity, the repulsive dipole impulses of proton bunches at the LHC can produce an rms velocity of a high-Q detector surface up to 4 micron/s. Far outside the source region, Newtonian lunar dipole gravity waves can produce a 1-cm displacement signal at LISA. Dipole signal strengths of astrophysical events involving unbound quadrupoles, like near collisions and neutron star kicks in core-collapse supernovae, are estimated.
A dynamical inconsistency of Horava gravity
Henneaux, Marc [Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB-Campus Plaine CP231, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Kleinschmidt, Axel; Lucena Gomez, Gustavo [Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB-Campus Plaine CP231, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamical consistency of the nonprojectable version of Horava gravity is investigated by focusing on the asymptotically flat case. It is argued that for generic solutions of the constraint equations the lapse must vanish asymptotically. We then consider particular values of the coupling constants for which the equations are tractable and in that case we prove that the lapse must vanish everywhere--and not only at infinity. Put differently, the Hamiltonian constraints are generically all second-class. We then argue that the same feature holds for generic values of the couplings, thus revealing a physical inconsistency of the theory. In order to cure this pathology, one might want to introduce further constraints but the resulting theory would then lose much of the appeal of the original proposal by Horava. We also show that there is no contradiction with the time-reparametrization invariance of the action, as this invariance is shown to be a so-called 'trivial gauge symmetry' in Horava gravity, hence with no associated first-class constraints.
Spherically symmetric conformal gravity and "gravitational bubbles"
V. A. Berezin; V. I. Dokuchaev; Yu. N. Eroshenko
2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
The general structure of the spherically symmetric solutions in the Weyl conformal gravity is described. The corresponding Bach equation are derived for the special type of metrics, which can be considered as the representative of the general class. The complete set of the pure vacuum solutions is found. It consists of two classes. The first one contains the solutions with constant two-dimensional curvature scalar of our specific metrics, and the representatives are the famous Robertson-Walker metrics. One of them we called the "gravitational bubbles", which is compact and with zero Weyl tensor. The second class is more general, with varying curvature scalar. We found its representative as the one-parameter family. It appears that it can be conformally covered by the thee-parameter Mannheim-Kazanas solution. We also investigated the general structure of the energy-momentum tensor in the spherical conformal gravity and constructed the vectorial equation that reveals clearly the same features of non-vacuum solutions. One of them, the metrics a la Vaidya, is explicitly written.
Bigravity and Lorentz-violating massive gravity
Blas, D.; Garriga, J. [ICC, Departament de Fisica Fonamental, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Deffayet, C. [APC, Batiment Condorcet, 10 rue Alice Domont et Leonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France); GReCO/IAP, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris (France)
2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Bigravity is a natural arena where a nonlinear theory of massive gravity can be formulated. If the interaction between the metrics f and g is nonderivative, spherically symmetric exact solutions can be found. At large distances from the origin, these are generically Lorentz-breaking bi-flat solutions (provided that the corresponding vacuum energies are adjusted appropriately). The spectrum of linearized perturbations around such backgrounds contains a massless as well as a massive graviton, with two physical polarizations each. There are no propagating vectors or scalars, and the theory is ghost free (as happens with certain massive gravities with explicit breaking of Lorentz invariance). At the linearized level, corrections to general relativity are proportional to the square of the graviton mass, and so there is no van Dam-Veltam-Zakharov discontinuity. Surprisingly, the solution of linear theory for a static spherically symmetric source does not agree with the linearization of any of the known exact solutions. The latter coincide with the standard Schwarzschild-(anti)-de Sitter solutions of general relativity, with no corrections at all. Another interesting class of solutions is obtained where f and g are proportional to each other. The case of bi-de Sitter solutions is analyzed in some detail.
Canonical Quantum Gravity on Noncommutative Spacetime
Martin Kober
2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper canonical quantum gravity on noncommutative space-time is considered. The corresponding generalized classical theory is formulated by using the moyal star product, which enables the representation of the field quantities depending on noncommuting coordinates by generalized quantities depending on usual coordinates. But not only the classical theory has to be generalized in analogy to other field theories. Besides, the necessity arises to replace the commutator between the gravitational field operator and its canonical conjugated quantity by a corresponding generalized expression on noncommutative space-time. Accordingly the transition to the quantum theory has also to be performed in a generalized way and leads to extended representations of the quantum theoretical operators. If the generalized representations of the operators are inserted to the generalized constraints, one obtains the corresponding generalized quantum constraints including the Hamiltonian constraint as dynamical constraint. After considering quantum geometrodynamics under incorporation of a coupling to matter fields, the theory is transferred to the Ashtekar formalism. The holonomy representation of the gravitational field as it is used in loop quantum gravity opens the possibility to calculate the corresponding generalized area operator.
Effective Gravitational Wave Stress-energy Tensor in Alternative Theories of Gravity
Leo C. Stein; Nicolas Yunes
2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
The inspiral of binary systems in vacuum is controlled by the stress-energy of gravitational radiation and any other propagating degrees of freedom. For gravitational waves, the dominant contribution is characterized by an effective stress-energy tensor at future null infinity. We employ perturbation theory and the short-wavelength approximation to compute this stress-energy tensor in a wide class of alternative theories. We find that this tensor is generally a modification of that first computed by Isaacson, where the corrections can dominate over the general relativistic term. In a wide class of theories, however, these corrections identically vanish at asymptotically flat, future, null infinity, reducing the stress-energy tensor to Isaacson's. We exemplify this phenomenon by first considering dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity, which corrects the action via a scalar field and the contraction of the Riemann tensor and its dual. We then consider a wide class of theories with dynamical scalar fields coupled to higher-order curvature invariants, and show that the gravitational wave stress-energy tensor still reduces to Isaacson's. The calculations presented in this paper are crucial to perform systematic tests of such modified gravity theories through the orbital decay of binary pulsars or through gravitational wave observations.
From Lorentz-Chern-Simons to Massive Gravity in 2+1 Dimensions
del Pino, Simón; Toloza, Adolfo; Zanelli, Jorge
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a generalization of Chiral Gravity, which follows from considering a Chern-Simons action for the spin connection with anti-symmetric contorsion. The theory corresponds to Topologically Massive Gravity at the chiral point non-minimally coupled to an additional scalar mode that gathers the torsion degree of freedom. In this setup, the effective cosmological constant (the inverse of the curvature radius of maximally symmetric solutions) is either negative or zero, and it enters as an integration constant associated to the value of the contorsion at infinity. We explain how this is not in conflict with the Zamolodchikov's $c$-theorem holding in the dual boundary theory. In fact, we conjecture that the theory formulated about three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter space is dual to a two-dimensional conformal field theory whose right- and left-moving central charges are given by $c_{R}=24k$ and $c_{L}=0$, respectively, being $k$ the level of the Chern-Simons action. We study the classical theory both at the li...
Equation of state of dark energy in f(R) gravity
Takahashi, Kazufumi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
f(R) gravity is one of the simplest generalizations of general relativity, which may explain accelerated cosmic expansion without introducing a cosmological constant. Transformed into the Einstein frame, a new scalar degree of freedom appears and it couples with matter fields. In order for f(R) theories to pass the local tests of general relativity, it has been known that the chameleon mechanism with a so-called thin-shell solution must operate. If the thin-shell constraint is applied to a cosmological situation, it has been claimed that the equation of state parameter of dark energy w must be extremely close to -1. We argue this is due to incorrect use of the Poisson's equation which is valid only in the static case. By solving the correct Klein-Gordon equation perturbatively, we show that a thin-shell solution exists even if w deviates from -1 appreciably.
THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Patriksson, Michael
THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS The Continuous Galerkin Method Order Viscoelasticity Fardin Saedpanah c Fardin Saedpanah, 2007. Licentiate Thesis ISSN 1652
Degrees At-A-Glance Biochemistry/Biotechnology............................................................................................. BS MS, PhD Biochemistry & Molecular Biology - Environmental Toxicology........................................................................................................... MS, PhD Cell and Molecular Biology - Environmental Toxicology
Brief 70 Nuclear Engineering Enrollments and Degrees, 2011 Summary Information
Dr. Don Johnson
2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2010 and August 31, 2011. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2011. The enrollment and degree data include students majoring in nuclear engineering or in an option program equivalent to a major. Thirty-two academic programs reported having nuclear engineering programs during 2011, and data was received from all thirty-two programs. The data for two nuclear engineering programs include enrollments and degrees in health physics options that are also reported in the health physics enrollments and degrees data.
Development and Implementation of Degree Programs in Electric...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Technology Development and Implementation of Degree Programs in Electric Drive Vehicle Technology Center for Electric Drive Transportation at the University of Michigan - Dearborn...
Research degrees MPhil, PhD in Chemistry
Sussex, University of
nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometers, with multinuclear capability Â· high-res mass spectrometers second-class undergraduate honours degree in chemistry or a related discipline English language
Li-E Qiang; Peng Xu
2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
High precision Superconductivity Gravity Gradiometers (SGG) are powerful tools for relativistic experiments. In this paper, we work out the tidal signals in non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity, which could be measured by orbiting SGGs around Earth. We find that, with proper orientations of multi-axes SGGs, the tidal signals from the Chern-Simons modification can be isolated in the combined data of different axes. Furthermore, for three-axes SGGs, such combined data is the trace of the total tidal matrix, which is invariant under the rotations of SGG axes and thus free from axis pointing errors. Following nearly circular orbits, the tests of the parity-violating Chern-Simons modification and the measurements of the gravitomagnetic sector in parity-conserving metric theories can be carried out independently in the same time. A first step analysis on noise sources is also included.
Qiang, Li-E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High precision Superconductivity Gravity Gradiometers (SGG) are powerful tools for relativistic experiments. In this paper, we work out the tidal signals in non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity, which could be measured by orbiting SGGs around Earth. We find that, with proper orientations of multi-axes SGGs, the tidal signals from the Chern-Simons modification can be isolated in the combined data of different axes. Furthermore, for three-axes SGGs, such combined data is the trace of the total tidal matrix, which is invariant under the rotations of SGG axes and thus free from axis pointing errors. Following nearly circular orbits, the tests of the parity-violating Chern-Simons modification and the measurements of the gravitomagnetic sector in parity-conserving metric theories can be carried out independently in the same time. A first step analysis on noise sources is also included.
Aharon Davidson; Tomer Ygael
2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
A gravity-anti-gravity (GaG) odd linear dilaton action offers an eternal inflation evolution governed by the unified (cosmological constant plus radiation) equation of state $\\rho-3P=4\\Lambda$. At the mini superspace level, a 'two-particle' variant of the no-boundary proposal, notably 'one-particle' energy dependent, is encountered. While a GaG-odd wave function can only host a weak Big Bang boundary condition, albeit for any $k$, a strong Big Bang boundary condition requires a GaG-even entangled wave function, and singles out $k=0$ flat space. The locally most probable values for the cosmological scale factor and the dilaton field form a grid $\\{a^2,a\\phi\\}\\sim\\sqrt{4n_1+1}\\pm\\sqrt{4n_2+1}$.
Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; LaCava, W.
2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This computational work investigates planetary gear load sharing of three-mount suspension wind turbine gearboxes. A three dimensional multibody dynamic model is established, including gravity, bending moments, fluctuating mesh stiffness, nonlinear tooth contact, and bearing clearance. A flexible main shaft, planetary carrier, housing, and gear shafts are modeled using reduced degrees-of-freedom through modal compensation. This drivetrain model is validated against the experimental data of Gearbox Reliability Collaborative for gearbox internal loads. Planet load sharing is a combined effect of gravity, bending moment, bearing clearance, and input torque. Influences of each of these parameters and their combined effects on the resulting planet load sharing are investigated. Bending moments and gravity induce fundamental excitations in the rotating carrier frame, which can increase gearbox internal loads and disturb load sharing. Clearance in carrier bearings reduces the bearing load carrying capacity and thus the bending moment from the rotor can be transmitted into gear meshes. With bearing clearance, the bending moment can cause tooth micropitting and can induce planet bearing fatigue, leading to reduced gearbox life. Planet bearings are susceptible to skidding at low input torque.
Solar system tests of Ho?ava-Lifshitz gravity
Tiberiu Harko; Zoltan Kovács; Francisco S. N. Lobo
2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, a renormalizable gravity theory with higher spatial derivatives in four dimensions was proposed by Ho\\v{r}ava. The theory reduces to Einstein gravity with a non-vanishing cosmological constant in IR, but it has improved UV behaviors. The spherically symmetric black hole solutions for an arbitrary cosmological constant, which represent the generalization of the standard Schwarzschild-(A)dS solution, has also been obtained for the Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz theory. The exact asymptotically flat Schwarzschild type solution of the gravitational field equations in Ho\\v{r}ava gravity contains a quadratic increasing term, as well as the square root of a fourth order polynomial in the radial coordinate, and it depends on one arbitrary integration constant. The IR modified Ho\\v{r}ava gravity seems to be consistent with the current observational data, but in order to test its viability more observational constraints are necessary. In the present paper we consider the possibility of observationally testing Ho\\v{r}ava gravity at the scale of the Solar System, by considering the classical tests of general relativity (perihelion precession of the planet Mercury, deflection of light by the Sun and the radar echo delay) for the spherically symmetric black hole solution of Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity. All these gravitational effects can be fully explained in the framework of the vacuum solution of the gravity. Moreover, the study of the classical general relativistic tests also constrain the free parameter of the solution.
Goedel-type universes in f(R) gravity
Reboucas, M. J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro-RJ (Brazil); Santos, J. [Universidade Federal do Rio G. do Norte, Departamento de Fisica, 59072-970 Natal-RN (Brazil)
2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
The f(R) gravity theories provide an alternative way to explain the current cosmic acceleration without a dark energy matter component. If gravity is governed by a f(R) theory, a number of issues should be reexamined in this framework, including the violation of causality problem on nonlocal scale. We examine the question as to whether the f(R) gravity theories permit space-times in which the causality is violated. We show that the field equations of these f(R) gravity theories do not exclude solutions with breakdown of causality for a physically well-motivated perfect-fluid matter content. We demonstrate that every perfect-fluid Goedel-type solution of a generic f(R) gravity satisfying the condition df/dR>0 is necessarily isometric to the Goedel geometry, and therefore presents violation of causality. This result extends a theorem on Goedel-type models, which has been established in the context of general relativity. We also derive an expression for the critical radius r{sub c} (beyond which the causality is violated) for an arbitrary f(R) theory, making apparent that the violation of causality depends on both the f(R) gravity theory and the matter content. As an illustration, we concretely take a recent f(R) gravity theory that is free from singularities of the Ricci scalar and is cosmologically viable, and show that this theory accommodates noncausal as well as causal Goedel-type solutions.
On the condensed matter scheme for emergent gravity and interferometry
G. Jannes
2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
An increasingly popular approach to quantum gravity rests on the idea that gravity (and maybe electromagnetism and the other gauge fields) might be an 'emergent phenomenon', in the sense of representing a collective behaviour resulting from a very different microscopic physics. A prominent example of this approach is the condensed matter scheme for quantum gravity, which considers the possibility that gravity emerges as an effective low-energy phenomenon from the quantum vacuum in a way similar to the emergence of collective excitations in condensed matter systems. This condensed matter view of the quantum vacuum clearly hints that, while the term 'ether' has been discredited for about a century, quantum gravity holds many (if not all) of the characteristics that have led people in the past to label various hypothetical substances with the term 'ether'. Since the last burst of enthusiasm for an ether, at the end of the 19th century, was brought to the grave in part by the performance of a series of important experiments in interferometry, the suggestion then naturally arises that maybe interferometry could also play a role in the current discussion on quantum gravity. We will highlight some aspects of this suggestion in the context of the condensed matter scheme for emergent gravity.
Black Hole Thermodynamics in Modified Gravity
Jonas R. Mureika; John W. Moffat; Mir Faizal
2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the thermodynamics of a non-rotating and rotating black hole in a modified theory of gravity that includes scalar and vector modifications to general relativity, which results in a modified gravitational constant $G = G_N(1+\\alpha)$ and a new gravitational charge $Q = \\sqrt{\\alpha G_N}M$. The influence of the parameter $\\alpha$ alters the non-rotating black hole's lifetime, temperature and entropy profiles from the standard Schwarzschild case. The thermodynamics of a rotating black hole is analyzed and it is shown to possess stable, cold remnants. The thermodynamic properties of a vacuum solution regular at $r=0$ are investigated and the solution without a horizon called a "gray hole" is not expected to possess an information loss problem.
Quantum Mechanics, Gravity, and the Multiverse
Yasunori Nomura
2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
The discovery of accelerating expansion of the universe has led us to take the dramatic view that our universe may be one of the many universes in which low energy physical laws take different forms: the multiverse. I explain why/how this view is supported both observationally and theoretically, especially by string theory and eternal inflation. I then describe how quantum mechanics plays a crucial role in understanding the multiverse, even at the largest distance scales. The resulting picture leads to a revolutionary change of our view of spacetime and gravity, and completely unifies the paradigm of the eternally inflating multiverse with the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. The picture also provides a solution to a long-standing problem in eternal inflation, called the measure problem, which I briefly describe.
Kinetic Gravity Braiding and axion inflation
Debaprasad Maity
2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We constructed a new class of inflationary model with the higher derivative axion field which obeys constant shift symmetry. In the usual axion (natural) inflation, the axion decay constant is predicted to be in the super-Planckian regime which is believed to be incompatible with an effective field theory framework. With a novel mechanism originating from a higher derivative kinetic gravity braiding (KGB) of an axion field we found that there exist a huge parameter regime in our model where axion decay constant could be naturally sub-Planckian. Thanks to the KGB which effectively reduces the Planck constant. This effectively reduced Planck scale provides us the mechanism of further lowering down the speed of an axion field rolling down its potential without introducing super-Planckian axion decay constant. We also find that with that wide range of parameter values, our model induces almost scale invariant power spectrum as observed in CMB experiments.
A length operator for canonical quantum gravity
T. Thiemann
1996-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We construct an operator that measures the length of a curve in four-dimensional Lorentzian vacuum quantum gravity. We work in a representation in which a $SU(2)$ connection is diagonal and it is therefore surprising that the operator obtained after regularization is densely defined, does not suffer from factor ordering singularities and does not require any renormalization. We show that the length operator admits self-adjoint extensions and compute part of its spectrum which like its companions, the volume and area operators already constructed in the literature, is purely discrete and roughly is quantized in units of the Planck length. The length operator contains full and direct information about all the components of the metric tensor which faciliates the construction of a new type of weave states which approximate a given classical 3-geometry.
Bi-metric Gravity and "Dark Matter"
I. T. Drummond
2000-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
We present a bi-metric theory of gravity containing a length scale of galactic size. For distances less than this scale the theory satisfies the standard tests of General Relativity. For distances greater than this scale the theory yields an effective gravitational constant much larger than the locally observed value of Newton's constant. The transition from one regime to the other through the galactic scale can explain the observed rotation curves of galaxies and hence the effects normally attributed to the presence of dark matter. Phenomena on an extragalactic scale such as galactic clusters and the expansion of the universe are controlled by the enhanced gravitational coupling. This provides an explanation of the missing matter normally invoked to account for the observed value of Hubble's constant in relation to observed matter.
QCD thermodynamics using five-dimensional gravity
Megias, E.; Veschgini, K. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Heidelberg (Germany); Pirner, H. J. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Heidelberg (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg (Germany)
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the critical temperature and free energy of the gluon plasma using the dilaton potential [B. Galow, E. Megias, J. Nian, and H. J. Pirner, Nucl. Phys. B834, 330 (2010).] in the gravity theory of anti-de Sitter/QCD. The finite temperature observables are calculated in two ways: first, from the Page-Hawking computation of the free energy, and secondly using the Bekenstein-Hawking proportionality of the entropy with the area of the horizon. Renormalization is well defined, because the T=0 theory has asymptotic freedom. We further investigate the change of the critical temperature with the number of flavors induced by the change of the running coupling constant in the quenched theory. The finite temperature behavior of the speed of sound, spatial string tension and vacuum expectation value of the Polyakov loop follow from the corresponding string theory in AdS{sub 5}.
Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Hohm, Olaf [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Townsend, Paul K. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the space of static solutions of the recently discovered three-dimensional 'new massive gravity' (NMG), allowing for either sign of the Einstein-Hilbert term and a cosmological term parametrized by a dimensionless constant {lambda}. For {lambda}=-1 we find black hole solutions asymptotic (but not isometric) to the unique (anti) de Sitter [(A)dS] vacuum, including extremal black holes that interpolate between this vacuum and (A)dS{sub 2}xS{sup 1}. We also investigate unitarity of linearized NMG in (A)dS vacua. We find unitary theories for some dS vacua, but (bulk) unitarity in AdS implies negative central charge of the dual conformal field theories (CFT), except for {lambda}=3 where the central charge vanishes and the bulk gravitons are replaced by 'massive photons'. A similar phenomenon is found in the massless limit of NMG, for which the linearized equations become equivalent to Maxwell's equations.
Gravity dual of metastable dynamical supersymmetry breaking
DeWolfe, Oliver [Department of Physics, 390 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Kachru, Shamit; Mulligan, Michael [Department of Physics and SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305/94309 (United States)
2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Metastable, supersymmetry-breaking configurations can be created in flux geometries by placing antibranes in warped throats. Via gauge/gravity duality, such configurations should have an interpretation as supersymmetry-breaking states in the dual field theory. In this paper, we perturbatively determine the asymptotic supergravity solutions corresponding to D3-brane probes placed at the tip of the cascading warped deformed conifold geometry, which is dual to an SU(N+M)xSU(N) gauge theory. The backreaction of the antibranes has the effect of introducing imaginary anti-self-dual flux, squashing the compact part of the space and forcing the dilaton to run. Using the generalization of holographic renormalization to cascading geometries, we determine the expectation values of operators in the dual field theory in terms of the asymptotic values of the supergravity fields.
Brane f(R) gravity cosmologies
Balcerzak, Adam; DaPbrowski, Mariusz P. [Institute of Physics, University of Szczecin, Wielkopolska 15, 70-451 Szczecin (Poland)
2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
By the application of the generalized Israel junction conditions we derive cosmological equations for the fourth-order f(R) brane gravity and study their cosmological solutions. We show that there exists a nonstatic solution which describes a four-dimensional de Sitter (dS{sub 4}) brane embedded in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS{sub 5}) bulk for a vanishing Weyl tensor contribution. On the other hand, for the case of a nonvanishing Weyl tensor contribution, there exists a static brane solution only. We claim that in order to get some more general nonstatic f(R) brane configurations, one needs to admit a dynamical matter energy-momentum tensor in the bulk rather than just a bulk cosmological constant.
Bending of light in conformal Weyl gravity
Sultana, Joseph; Kazanas, Demosthenes [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States) and Department of Mathematics, University of Malta, Msida (Malta); Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)
2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We reexamine the bending of light issue associated with the metric of the static, spherically symmetric solution of Weyl gravity discovered by Mannheim and Kazanas (1989). To this end we employ the procedure used recently by Rindler and Ishak to obtain the bending angle of light by a centrally concentrated spherically symmetric matter distribution in a Schwarzschild-de Sitter background. In earlier studies the term {gamma}r in the metric led to the paradoxical result of a bending angle proportional to the photon impact parameter, when using the usual formalism appropriate to asymptotically flat space-times. However, employing the approach of light bending of Rindler and Ishak we show that the effects of this term are in fact insignificant, with the discrepancy between the two procedures attributed to the definition of the bending angle between the asymptotically flat and nonflat spaces.
Simulations of Solar System observations in alternative theories of gravity
A. Hees; B. Lamine; S. Reynaud; M. -T. Jaekel; C. Le Poncin-Lafitte; V. Lainey; A. Füzfa; J. -M. Courty; V. Dehant; P. Wolf
2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
In this communication, we focus on the possibility to test General Relativity (GR) with radioscience experiments. We present simulations of observables performed in alternative theories of gravity using a software that simulates Range/Doppler signals directly from the space time metric. This software allows one to get the order of magnitude and the signature of the modifications induced by an alternative theory of gravity on radioscience signals. As examples, we present some simulations for the Cassini mission in Post-Einsteinian gravity (PEG) and with Standard Model Extension (SME).
Particles on a Circle in Canonical Lineal Gravity
R. B. Mann
2001-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
A description of the canonical formulation of lineal gravity minimally coupled to N point particles in a circular topology is given. The Hamiltonian is found to be equal to the time-rate of change of the extrinsic curvature multiplied by the proper circumference of the circle. Exact solutions for pure gravity and for gravity coupled to a single particle are obtained. The presence of a single particle significantly modifies the spacetime evolution by either slowing down or reversing the cosmological expansion of the circle, depending upon the choice of parameters.
Emergent noncommutative gravity from a consistent deformation of gauge theory
Cortese, Ignacio; Garcia, J Antonio [Departamento de Fisica de Altas Energias, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico D. F. 04510 (Mexico)
2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Starting from a standard noncommutative gauge theory and using the Seiberg-Witten map, we propose a new version of a noncommutative gravity. We use consistent deformation theory starting from a free gauge action and gauging a killing symmetry of the background metric to construct a deformation of the gauge theory that we can relate with gravity. The result of this consistent deformation of the gauge theory is nonpolynomial in A{sub {mu}.} From here we can construct a version of noncommutative gravity that is simpler than previous attempts. Our proposal is consistent and is not plagued with the problems of other approaches like twist symmetries or gauging other groups.
See also Modern Languages page 132 Single Honours Degrees
Brierley, Andrew
to a multitude of trends that emerge from the dynamic environment within which they operate. Perhaps the two) Management Science (BSc) Joint Honours Degrees Management and one of: Arabic (MA) Art History (MA) Classics - 189) The likely grades currently required are shown below. (For Joint Honours degrees the subject
What can I do with a degree in Forestry Science?
Hickman, Mark
What can I do with a degree in Forestry Science? ENGINEERING Planning your career Choosing a career.canterbury.ac.nz/liaison/best_prep.shtml What is Forestry Science? If you want to play a part in the forestry sector or the management degree in Forestry. The University of Canterbury's Bachelor of Forestry Science (BForSc) is a four
114 SDSU Curriculum Guide 2010 New Degree Programs
Ponce, V. Miguel
114 SDSU Curriculum Guide 2010 New Degree Programs Procedures for Submitting Proposals for Implementation of New Degree Major Programs (Bachelor's and Master's Levels) and Doctoral Concentrations Adding for Fast-Track and Pilot Programs #12;115 SDSU Curriculum Guide 2010 Procedures for Submitting Proposals
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Van Veen, Barry D.
Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward through graduate education of working engineers. Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward
Brief 67 Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2009 Data
Dr. Larry M. Blair, Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs
2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2008 and August 31, 2009. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2009. Twenty-four academic programs were included in the survey universe, and all twenty-four responded. The report includes data by degree level including citizenship, gender, and race/ethnicity, plus enrollments of junior and senior undergraduate students and graduate students.
Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2007 Data
Analysis and Evaluation, Science Education Programs
2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The survey includes degrees granted between September 1, 2006 and August 31, 2007. Enrollment information refers to the fall term 2007. Twenty-nine academic programs were included in the survey universe, and 28 of the 29 responded. The report includes data by degree level including citizenship, gender, and race/ethnicity plus enrollments of junior and senior undergraduate students and graduate students.