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1

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL DEGAS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL DEGAS COAL DEGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL DEGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL DEGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL DEGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL DEGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INT H WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CR EEK C OAL DEGAS OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS BIG SANDY C REEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL DEGAS

2

OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR...

3

Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS 2 Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Gas-Puff-Imaging (GPI) is a two dimensional diagnostic which measures the edge D? light emission from a neutral D2 gas puff nears the outer mid-plane of NSTX. DEGAS 2 is a 3-D Monte Carlo code used to model neutral transport and atomic physics in tokamak plasmas. In this paper we compare measurements of the D? light emission obtained by GPI on NSTX with DEGAS 2 simulations of D? light emission for specific experiments. Both the simulated spatial distribution and absolute intensity of the D? light emission agree well with the experimental data obtained between ELMs in H-mode. __________________________________________________

B. Cao, D.P. Stotler, S.J. Zweben, M. Bell, A. Diallo and B. Leblanc

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS 2 Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Gas-Puff-Imaging (GPI) is a two dimensional diagnostic which measures the edge D? light emission from a neutral D2 gas puff nears the outer mid-plane of NSTX. DEGAS 2 is a 3-D Monte Carlo code used to model neutral transport and atomic physics in tokamak plasmas. In this paper we compare measurements of the D? light emission obtained by GPI on NSTX with DEGAS 2 simulations of D? light emission for specific experiments. Both the simulated spatial distribution and absolute intensity of the D? light emission agree well with the experimental data obtained between ELMs in H-mode.

B. Cao, D.P. Stotler, S.J. Zweben, M. Bell, A. Diallo and B. Leblanc

2012-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

5

DEGAS 2 Neutral Transport Modeling of High Density, Low Temperature Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutral transport in the high density, low temperature plasma regime is examined using the degas 2 Monte Carlo neutral transport code. Degas 2 is shown to agree with an analytic fluid neutral model valid in this regime as long as the grid cell spacing is less than twice the neutral mean-free path. Using new atomic physics data provided by the collisional radiative code cramd, degas 2 is applied to a detached Alcator C-Mod discharge. A model plasma with electron temperature # 1 eV along detached flux tubes, between the target and the ionization front, is used to demonstrate that recombination is essential to matching the experimental data. With the cramd data, # 20% of the total recombination is due to molecular activated recombination. # Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Plasma Fusion Center, 167 Albany Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA + Also at I. V. Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy 1 Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123098, Russia # Presently at McKinsey & Company, Inc., London...

D. P. Stotler; A. Yu. Pigarov; C. F. F. Karney; S. I. Krasheninnikov; B. LaBombard; B. Lipschultz; G. M. McCracken; A. Niemczewski; J. A. Snipes; J. L. Terry; R. A. Vesey

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS 2 Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Gas-Pu -Imaging (GPI) is a two dimensional diagnostic which measures the edge D? light emission from a neutral D? gas puff near the outer mid- plane of the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). DEGAS 2 is a 3-D Monte Carlo code used to model neutral transport and plasma-neutral interactions in fusion plasmas. In this paper, we compare the measured and modeled D? light emission for speci c NSTX experiments. Both the simulated spatial distribution and radiance of the D? light emission agree well with the experimental data obtained between Edge Localized Modes (ELMs) in ELMy H-modes.

B. Cao, D.P. Stotler, S.J. Zweben, M. Bell, A.Diallo, B. LeBlanc

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

7

Summary of Degas II performance at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill site.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crude oil stored at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) requires mitigation procedures to maintain oil vapor pressure within program delivery standards. Crude oil degasification is one effective method for lowering crude oil vapor pressure, and was implemented at the Big Hill SPR site from 2004-2006. Performance monitoring during and after degasification revealed a range of outcomes for caverns that had similar inventory and geometry. This report analyzed data from SPR degasification and developed a simple degas mixing (SDM) model to assist in the analysis. Cavern-scale oil mixing during degassing and existing oil heterogeneity in the caverns were identified as likely causes for the range of behaviors seen. Apparent cavern mixing patterns ranged from near complete mixing to near plug flow, with more mixing leading to less efficient degassing due to degassed oil re-entering the plant before 100% of the cavern oil volume was processed. The report suggests that the new cavern bubble point and vapor pressure regain rate after degassing be based on direct in-cavern measurements after degassing as opposed to using the plant outlet stream properties as a starting point, which understates starting bubble point and overstates vapor pressure regain. Several means to estimate the cavern bubble point after degas in the absence of direct measurement are presented and discussed.

Rudeen, David K. (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Lord, David L.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Mean br Capacity Mean br Reservoir br Temp Amedee Geothermal Area Amedee Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics Mesozoic granite granodiorite MW K Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW K Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics triassic metasedimentary MW K Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone

9

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL D EGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL D EGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INTH WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CREEK COAL D EGAS OAK GROVE COAL D EGAS BIG SANDY CREEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL D

10

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg- LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

11

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br>  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br> 2012-07-03T20:56:33Z 2012-07-19T22:42:54Z I am submitting data from researchers within my organization. To complete the...

12

Electron sources utilizing thin CsBr coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present experimental results obtained in solid Cu targets coated with ~18nm thick CsBr films operating in a reflection mode. The results indicate a factor of 50X increase in quantum efficiency relative to uncoated Cu samples. The CsBr/Cu samples are ... Keywords: Alkali halides, CsBr, Electron sources, Free electron lasers, Multi electron beam tools, Photocathodes

Juan R. Maldonado; Zhi Liu; D. H. Dowell; Robert E. Kirby; Yun Sun; Piero Pianetta; Fabian Pease

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

High energy XeBr electric discharge laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high energy XeBr laser for producing coherent radiation at 282 nm. The XeBr laser utilizes an electric discharge as the excitation source to minimize formation of molecular ions thereby minimizing absorption of laser radiation by the active medium. Additionally, HBr is used as the halogen donor which undergoes harpooning reactions with Xe.sub.M * to form XeBr*.

Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Scott, Peter B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

CsBr/GaN Heterojunction Photoelectron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results on a new CsBr/GaN heterojunction photocathode structure are presented. The results indicate a fourfold improvement in photoyield relative to CsBr/Cr photocathodes. A model is presented based on intraband states in CsBr and electron injection from the GaN (with 1% addition of indium) substrate to explain the observed photoyield enhancement. The photocathode lifetime at high current density (>40 A/cm{sup 2}) is limited by laser heating of the small illuminated area. Calculations are presented for sapphire and diamond substrates, indicating a factor of 20 reduction in temperature for the latter. The results are encouraging for the realization of a high photoyield photocathode operating at high current density with long lifetime.

Maldonado, J.R.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.; Liu, Z.; Sun, Y.; /SLAC, SSRL; Schuetter, S.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Pianetta, P.; /SLAC, SSRL; Pease, R.F.W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

15

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/ into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region.

Sander, R.K.; Balog, G.; Seegmiller, E.T.

1980-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

SciTech Connect

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2 into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, MN); Balog, George (Los Alamos, MN); Seegmiller, Emma T. (Los Alamos, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Performance of LiAlloy/Ag(2)CrO(4) Couples in Molten CsBr-LiBr-KBr Eutectic  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of Li-alloy/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} systems was studied over a temperature range of 250 C to 300 C, for possible use as a power source for geothermal borehole applications. Single cells were discharged at current densities of 15.8 and 32.6 mA/cm{sup 2} using Li-Si and Li-Al anodes. When tested in 5-cell batteries, the Li-Si/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} system exhibited thermal runaway. Thermal analytical tests showed that the Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} cathode reacted exothermically with the electrolyte on activation. Consequently, this system would not be practical for the envisioned geothermal borehole applications.

GUIDOTTI,RONALD A.; REINHARDT,FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

18

Characterization of the LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/FeS(2) System for Potential Use as a Geothermal Borehole Power Source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are continuing to study the suitability of modified thermal-battery technology as a potential power source for geothermal borehole applications. Previous work focused on the LiSi/FeS{sub 2} couple over a temperature range of 350 C to 400 C with the LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, which melts at 324.5 C. In this work, the discharge processes that take place in LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic/FeS{sub 2} thermal cells were studied at temperatures between 250 C and 400 C using pelletized cells with immobilized electrolyte. The CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic was selected because of its lower melting point (228.5 C). Incorporation of a quasi-reference electrode allowed the determination of the relative contribution of each electrode to the overall cell polarization. The results of single-cell tests and limited battery tests are presented, along with preliminary data for battery stacks tested in a simulated geothermal borehole environment.

GUIDOTTI, RONALD A.; REINHARDT, FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

19

LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

81 81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N ELM A ORC HARD PARK-H AMBU RG DANLEY CORNERS ST ILLWAT ER CHAFF EE-ARCAD E FAYETT E-WATERLOO LAKEVIEW JAVA SEN EC A W ELLER Y AU RORA E ZOAR BU FFALO TIOGA SILVER LAKE AKR ON ROM E RAT HBON E ALM A BET HANY WYOMING ULYSSES BR ANCH W SAN DY CREEK COL LINS BLOOMFIELD E LEBANON STATE LINE ALLEN CHUR CHVILLE BATH ATT ICA ELLI COT VILLE ROU LETT E BR ADFORD BU FFALO CREEK PEN N YAN N BEECH HILL-INDEPENDENC E GERRY-CH ARLOTTE STAGECOACH CHIPMUN K HEBRON VIN CENT BALD WI NSVILLE AKELEY OLEAN COWLESVILLE AN NIN SMET HPORT BR ADLEY BR OOK BU STI FIVE MILE BLOOMFIELD W SEN EC A FALLS NILE STAGECOACH LEWIS R UN BR ADFORD CAMDEN VAN ETT EN ROAN OKE SH ARON RICHBU RG FULTON N FINN EGAN H ILL TONAWANDA

20

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture Resistant: A Comparison of Mineralized and Heavy-element Biological Materials figure 1 Figure 1. The heavy element biomaterial is the darker material at the tip of the shore crab claws. Figure "b" shows the same claw as "a" but after bead blasting. The claw tips are less eroded by the bead blasting than surrounding calcified material, suggesting a greater resistance to chipping from impact. Scale bar: 2mm Invertebrates modify their jaws, claws, carapaces and other mechanical structures with a variety of inorganic materials. One of the best-known examples is the calcified cuticle of crabs. We have found that many crabs also employ an uncalcified bromine-rich biological material at the tips of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This slide-show presents work on radiation detection with nanostructured lanthanum halides and CeBr{sub 3}. The goal is to extend the gamma energy response on both low and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using the nano-structured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, cerium bromide, or other nanocrystal material. Homogeneous and nano structure cases are compared.

Guss, P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

22

Spin polarized current injection through HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the effect of polarized current on tunneling characteristics of intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs), spin-polarized and spin-degenerate current have been injected through the c-axis of HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi{sub 2.1}Sr{sub 1.5}Ca{sub 1.4}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 8+delta} (Bi2212) single crystals on which 10 times 10 mum{sup 2} mesas have been fabricated. These two spin conditions are achieved by depositing either Au (15 nm)/Co (80 nm)/Au (156 nm) multilayers or single Au film on HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 with T{sub c} = 74 K followed by photolithography and Ar ion beam etching. The I-V characteristics have been measured with and without a magnetic field parallel to c-axis at 4.2 K. A fine, soft Au wire is used to make a gentle mechanical contact on the top of a particular mesa in the array. Tunneling conductance characteristics were obtained and the magnetic field dependence of sumgap voltage peaks was investigated. These peaks do not change in position with increasing magnetic field for both contact configurations. In addition, the temperature dependence of tunneling characteristics of the IJJs are obtained and existence of pseudogap feature is observed above T{sub c} for HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212.

Ozyuzer, L.; Kurter, C.; Ozdemir, M.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Gray, K. E.; Hinks, D. G. (Materials Science Division); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Measurement of ratio R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})) in {pi}{sup -}-Nucleus interactions at 500 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

We report a very preliminary result on the measurement of the ratio of branching ratios, for two decays D{sup 0} meson, R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})), using data from the E791 experiment. We find R = 1.96{+-}0.0286 (stat){+-}0.06 (sys). This is in agreement with and of similar precision to the current PDG average value 1.97{+-}0.09.

Solano Salinas, C. J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); CINVESTAV Merida (Mexico); Paucarchuco, C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); Fernandez, A. [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico); Sheaff, M. [University of Wisconsin (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

24

Vibrational, rotational, and isotopic dependence of CaBr X/sup 2/. sigma. spin-rotational and HFS parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The previously published molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance study of the rotational and isotopic dependences of the spin-rotational and hyperfine interactions in the v'' = 0, X/sup 2/..sigma.. state of CaBr is supplemented here with data for v''=1. The vibrational dependence of the parameters is now obtained. The results for CaBr are displayed along with analogous, previously published results for CaF and CaCl.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, L.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane...

26

Spin density distribution in CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect

The magnetization distribution in the layered ionic compounds CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/ has been studied using polarized neutron diffraction. The results show that in both compounds approx. 20% of the magnetic moment is not located in 3d- like orbitals centered on the chromium ions. This reduction of the 3d moment sets a lower limit (A/sub ..pi..//sup 2/ > .04) on the square of the covalent admixture parameter. The spatial distribution of the delocalized moment has been studied by Fourier techniques which indicate a significant moment density between chromium ions in the chromium layers.

Brown, P.J.; Ziebeck, K.R.A.; Radhakrishna, P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Operation features of a longitudinal-capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency and energy characteristics of a capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser are investigated. Processes proceeding in the discharge circuit of lasers pumped in this way, in particular, pumped without an external storage capacitor are analysed. It is shown that, depending on the pumping circuit, laser levels are excited either during the charge current flow or during the discharge of electrode capacitances. The differences in the influence of the active HBr addition on the characteristics of the discharge and lasing compared to the case of a usual repetitively pulsed high-current discharge with internal electrodes are established. (lasers)

Gubarev, F A; Shiyanov, D V [V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Evtushenko, Gennadii S [Tomsk Polytechnical University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Sukhanov, V B

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

SciTech Connect

Nanocomposites may enable the use of scintillator materials such as cerium-doped lanthanum fluoride (LaF3:Ce) and cerium bromide (CeBr3) without requiring the growth of large crystals [1]. Nanostructured detectors may allow us to engineer immensely sized detectors of flexible form factors that will have a broad energy range and an energy resolution sufficient to perform isotopic identification. Furthermore, nanocomposites are easy to prepare and very low in cost. It is much less costly to use nanocomposites rather than grow large whole crystals of scintillator materials; with nanocomposites fabricated on an industrial scale, costs are even less. Nanostructured radiation scintillator detectors may improve quantum efficiency and provide vastly improved detector form factors. Quantum efficiencies up to 60% have been seen in photoluminescence from silicon nanocrystals in a densely-packed ensemble [2]. We have fabricated nanoparticles with sizes <10 nm and characterized their nanocomposite radiation detector properties. This work investigates the properties of the nanostructured radiation scintillator in order to extend the gamma energy response on both low- and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using nanostructured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, or CeBr3. Preliminary results of this investigation are consistent with a significant response of these materials to nuclear radiation.

Guss, P. P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

29

The impact of water flow configuration on crystallisation in LiBr/H2O absorption water heater  

SciTech Connect

Lithium Bromide (LiBr) strong solution entering the absorber tends to crystallise when the absorber temperature is increased for a fixed evaporating pressure. This is considered the key technical barrier for the development of a LiBr absorption heat pump water heater. There are several approaches to avoid the crystallisation problem, such as chemical crystallisation inhibitors, heat and mass transfer enhancement and thermodynamic cycle modification. This paper investigates and compares two flow configurations of LiBr absorption heat pump water heater to evaluate the allowable operating conditions for each. The simulation results indicated that introducing the process water through the absorber first results in lower absorber temperature and hence less tendency for crystallisation.

Wang, Kai [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

LiCl Dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Robust CsBr/Cu Photocathodes for the Linac Coherent Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linac coherent light source (LCLS), an x-ray free-electron laser project presently under construction at SLAC, uses a 2.856 GHz rf photocathode gun with a copper cathode for its electron source. While the copper cathode is performing well for the LCLS project, a cathode material with higher quantum efficiency would reduce the drive laser requirements and allow a greater range of operating conditions. Therefore a robust CsBr/Cu photocathode with greater than 50 times the quantum yield at 257 nm relative to the present LCLS copper cathode has been investigated. Preliminary experiments using a dedicated electron source development test stand at SLAC/SSRL are encouraging and are presented in this paper.

Maldonado, Juan R.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Liu, Zhi; Dowell, D.H.; Kirby, Robert E.; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC; Pease, Fabian; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

DEGAS 2 Neutral Transport Modeling of High Density, Low Temperature Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Atomic Energy 1 Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123098, Russia # Presently at McKinsey & Company, Inc., London SW1Y

34

Response of a LaBr3(Ce) Detector to 2-11 MeV Gamma Rays  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The development of lanthanum halide scintillation detectors has great potential application in field-portable prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis systems. Because the low-energy response of these detectors has already been well-characterized [1[-[2], we have measured their response to higher energy gamma rays in the region between 2 and 11 MeV. We have measured the response of a 2-inch (5.08 cm) by 2-inch long LaBr3(Ce) detector to high energy gamma rays produced by neutron interactions on chlorine, hydrogen, iron, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur. The response of the LaBr3(Ce) detector is compared to that of HPGe and NaI(Tl) detectors.

Not Available

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fluid mixing during deposition of bedded-replacement (BR) deposits in the Illinois-Kentucky fluorspar district  

SciTech Connect

The Illinois-Kentucky(IK) district is unusual by comparison to other Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) districts in the central US in that it contains fluorspar mineralization primarily, with subordinate quantities of base metals. This mineralization occurs as vein, BR, and breccia-hosted deposits. A clearly discernible paragenetic sequence of color banded fluorite sulfides, carbonates, and sulfates is present in BR deposits in three sub-districts: Cave-in-Rock, Harris Creek, and Carrsville. Homogenization temperatures (T[sub b]) and salinities of fluids in fluorite show that BR deposits formed from at least three fluids, a lower temperature-higher salinity connate fluid (F1) and a higher temperature-lower salinity connate fluid (F2) that mixed at the site of deposition. These fluids were followed by a lower temperature-lower salinity meteoric dominated fluid (F3). The involvement of two distinct regional fluids: a lower temperature, more-saline fluid, and a warmer, less-saline fluid, during mineralization of MVT deposits has previously been recognized for Pb-Zn deposits in southeast Missouri (Shelton et al., 1992), and east Tennessee (Zimmerman and Kesler, 1981; Taylor et al. 1983).

Spry, P.G.; Fuhrmann, G.D. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Geological Atmospheric Sciences)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Photochemistry in a dense manifold of electronic states: Photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report electronically nonadiabatic dynamics calculations including spin-orbit coupling for the photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr to yield Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), Cl({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}), Br({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), and Br({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}). The potential energy is a 24 Multiplication-Sign 24 matrix (divided up here into four 6 Multiplication-Sign 6 blocks in a first approximation to the problem), in a spin-coupled fully diabatic representation obtained by combining the spin-free fourfold way with single-center spin-orbit coupling constants. The spin-free calculations are carried out by multiconfiguration quasidegenerate perturbation theory, and the fully diabatic potentials including spin-orbit coupling are fit to a matrix reactive force field. The dynamics are carried out by the coherent switches with decay of mixing method in the diabatic representation. The results show qualitative agreement with experiment.

Valero, Rosendo [Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Truhlar, Donald G. [Department of Chemistry and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States)

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

37

Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation and Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scintillator materials are used to detect, and in some cases identify, gamma rays. Higher performance scintillators are expensive, hard to manufacture, fragile, and sometimes require liquid nitrogen or cooling engines. But whereas lower-quality scintillators are cheap, easy to manufacture, and more rugged, their performance is lower. At issue: can the desirable qualities of high-and low-performance scintillators be combined to achieve better performance at lower cost? Preliminary experiments show that a LaF{sub 3}:Ce oleic acid-based nanocomposite exhibits a photopeak when exposed to {sup 137}Cs source gamma-radiation. The chemical synthesis of the cerium-doped lanthanum halide nanoparticles are scalable and large quantities of material can be produced at a time, unlike typical crystal growth processes such as the Bridgeman process. Using a polymer composite (Figure 1), produced by LANL, initial measurements of the unloaded and 8% LaF{sub 3}:Ce-loaded sample have been made using {sup 137}Cs sources. Figure 2 shows an energy spectrum acquired for CeF{sub 3}. The lighter plot is the measured polymer-only spectrum and the black plot is the spectrum from the nanocomposite scintillator. As the development of this material continues, the energy resolution is expected to improve and the photopeak-to-Compton ratio will become greater at higher loadings. These measurements show the expected Compton edge in the polymer-only sample, and the Compton edge and photo-peak expected in the nanophosphor composites that LANL has produced. Using a porous VYCORR with CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots, Letant has demonstrated that he has obtained signatures of the 241Am photopeak with energy resolution as good at NaI (Figure 3). We begin with the fact that CeBr{sub 3} crystals do not have a self-activity component as strong as the lanthanum halides. The radioactive 0.090% {sup 138}La component of lanthanum leads to significant self-activity, which will be a problem for very large detector volumes. Yet a significant strength of the nanostructure detector concept is the ability to create extremely large detector volumes by mixing nanoparticles into a transparent matrix. This would argue for use of nanoparticles other than lanthanum halides. Nanocomposites are easy to prepare; it is much less costly to use nanocomposites than to grow large whole crystals of these materials. The material can be fabricated at an industrial scale, further reducing cost. This material potentially offers the performance of $300/cc material (e.g., lanthanum bromide) at a cost of $1/cc. Because the material acts as a plastic, it is rugged and flexible, and can be made in large sheets, increasing the sensitivity of a detector using it. It would operate at ambient temperatures. Very large volumes of detector may be produced at greatly reduced cost, enhancing the non-proliferation posture of the nation for the same dollar value.

Paul Guss, Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, Ron Guise, Ding Yuan

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

Photoelectron imaging of atomic chlorine and bromine following photolysis of CH{sub 2}BrCl  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photoionization of chlorine and bromine atoms following photodissociation of CH{sub 2}BrCl was studied in the wavelength range of 231-238 nm by photoelectron imaging technique. Final state-specific speed and angular distributions of the photoelectron were recorded. Analysis of relative branching ratios to different levels of Cl{sup +} and Br{sup +} revealed that the final ion level distributions are generally dominated by the preservation of the ion-core configuration of the intermediate resonant state. Some J{sub c} numbers of the intermediate states were newly assigned according to this regulation. The configuration interaction between resonant states and the autoionization in the continuum were also believed to play an important role in the ionization process since some ions that deviate from the regulation mentioned ahead were observed. The angular distributions of the electrons were found to be well characterized by {beta}{sub 2} and {beta}{sub 4}, although the ionization process of chlorine and bromine atoms involves three photons.

Hua Linqiang; Shen Huan; Hu Changjin; Zhang Bing [State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China) and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modification of LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte for LiAl/FeS{sub 2} batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The bipolar LiAl/FeS{sub 2} battery is being developed to achieve the high performance and long cycle life needed for electric vehicle application. The molten-salt (400 to 440 C operation) electrolyte composition for this battery has evolved to support these objectives. An earlier change to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte is responsible for significantly increased cycle life (up to 1,000 cycles). Recent electrolyte modification has significantly improved cell performance; approximately 50% increased power, with increased high rate capacity utilization. Results are based on power-demanding EV driving profile test at 600 W/kg. The effects of adding small amounts (1--5 mol%) of LiF and LiI to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte are discussed. By cyclic voltammetry, the modified electrolytes exhibit improved FeS{sub 2} electrochemistry. Electrolyte conductivity is little changed, but high current density (200 mA/cm{sup 2}) performance improved by approximately 50%. A specific feature of the LiI addition is an enhanced cell overcharge tolerance rate from 2.5 to 5 mA/cm{sup 2}. The rate of overcharge tolerance is related to electrolyte properties and negative electrode lithium activity. As a result, the charge balancing of a bipolar battery configuration with molten-salt electrolyte is improved to accept greater cell-to-cell deviations.

Kaun, T.D.; Jansen, A.N.; Henriksen, G.L.; Vissers, D.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Simulation and performance comparison of LiBr/H{sub 2}O triple-effect absorption cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance simulation has been carried out for several LiBr/H2O triple-effect cycles using the Absorption Simulation Model (ABSIM) . The systems investigated include the three-condenser-three-desorber (3C3D) cycle, forming an extension of the conventional double-effect cycle; and two cycles which additionally recover heat from the hot condensate leaving the highest temperature condenser by adding the heat to the lowest temperature desorber. These latter two cycles are called Double Condenser Coupled (DCC) cycles since each uses heat recovered from the highest temperature refrigerant to heat both the middle temperature desorber (heat of condensation) and the lowest temperature desorber (by further subcooling the condensed refrigerant), hence the ``double-coupling``. ABSIM, a modular computer code for simulation of absorption systems, was used to investigate the performances of each of the cycles and compare them on an equivalent basis. The performance simulation was carried out over a range of operating conditions, including some investigation into the influence of varying particular design parameters. Cooling coefficients of performance ranging from 1.27 for the series-flow 3C3D to 1.73 for the parallel-flow DCC have been calculated at the design point. Relative merits of these LiBr/H20 triple-effect cycle configurations are discussed.

DeVault, R.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Grossman, G.; Wilk, M. [Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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41

Hyperfine and spin--rotational structure of CaBr X /sup 2/. sigma. (v = 0) by molecular-beam laser-rf double resonance  

SciTech Connect

The molecular-beam, laser--rf, double-resonance technique has been used to make high-precision measurements of the spin--rotation and hyperfine interactions in the X /sup 2/..sigma.. (v = 0) electronic ground state of Ca/sup 79/Br and Ca/sup 81/Br. The spin--rotation interaction is found to have a strong N dependence. The Frosch--Foley magnetic hyperfine parameters b and c and the electric--quadrupole hfs parameter eqQ are determined for both molecules.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, G.L.; Goodman, L.S.

1981-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Synergism Between Heat and Mass Transfer Additive and Advanced Surfaces in Aqueous LiBr Horizontal Tube Absorbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted in a laboratory to investigate the absorption of water vapor into a falling-film of aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr). A mini-absorber test stand was used to test smooth tubes and a variety of advanced tube surfaces placed horizontally in a single-row bundle. The bundle had six copper tubes; each tube had an outside diameter of 15.9-mm and a length of 0.32-m. A unique feature of the stand is its ability to operate continuously and support testing of LiBr brine at mass fractions {ge} 0.62. The test stand can also support testing to study the effect of the failing film mass flow rate, the coolant mass flow rate, the coolant temperature, the absorber pressure and the tube spacing. Manufacturers of absorption chillers add small quantities of a heat and mass transfer additive to improve the performance of the absorbers. The additive causes surface stirring which enhances the transport of absorbate into the bulk of the film. Absorption may also be enhanced with advanced tube surfaces that mechanically induce secondary flows in the falling film without increasing the thickness of the film. Several tube geometry's were identified and tested with the intent of mixing the film and renewing the interface with fresh solution from the tube wall. Testing was completed on a smooth tube and several different externally enhanced tube surfaces. Experiments were conducted over the operating conditions of 6.5 mm Hg absorber pressure, coolant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 C and LiBr mass fractions ranging from 0.60 through 0.62. Initially the effect of tube spacing was investigated for the smooth tube surface, tested with no heat and mass transfer additive. Test results showed the absorber load and the mass absorbed increased as the tube spacing increased because of the improved wetting of the tube bundle. However, tube spacing was not a critical factor if heat and mass transfer additive was active in the mini-absorber. The additive dramatically affected the hydrodynamics of the falling film and a droplet flow regime was evident for testing at all tube spacings. The mechanical mixing of the advanced surfaces increased the mass transfer to about 75% of that observed on a smooth tube bundle, tested with heat and mass transfer additive. Testing with heat and mass transfer additive and advanced surfaces demonstrated a synergistic effect which doubled the mass absorbed from that observed with only the advanced surface. The overall film-side heat transfer coefficient for the advanced tube bundles doubled with the addition of 500-wppm of 2-ethyl-1- hexanol.

Miller, W.A.

1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

43

Incoherent interplane conductivity of {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interplane optical spectrum of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br was investigated in the frequency range from 40 to 40 000 cm{sup -1}. The optical conductivity was obtained by Kramers-Kronig analysis of the reflectance. The absence of a Drude peak at low frequency is consistent with incoherent conductivity but in apparent contradiction to the metallic temperature dependence of the dc resistivity. We set an upper limit to the interplane transfer integral of t{sub b}{sup 2}/t{sub ac}{approx}10{sup -7} eV. A model of defect-assisted interplane transport can account for this discrepancy. We also assign the phonon lines in the conductivity to the asymmetric modes of the BEDT-TTF molecule.

McGuire, J. J.; Room, T.; Pronin, A.; Timusk, T.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kelly, M. E.; Kini, A. M.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Anisotropic thermopower of the organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermopower of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br single crystals has been measured in two crystallographic directions {bold a} and {bold c} within the most conducting organic donor molecule plane. (Here BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenethio)-tetrathiafulvalene.) While the thermopower in the {bold a} direction is positive, the thermopower in the {bold c} direction is negative. The drastic anisotropy in thermopower reveals that the carriers in the {bold a} direction are holelike, whereas the carriers in the {bold c} direction are electronlike. A calculation based on the tight-binding electronic band structure is able to describe the temperature dependence of the anisotropic thermopower, but with a much reduced band dispersion.

Yu, R.C. (Department of Physics and Material Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois (USA)); Williams, J.M.; Wang, H.H.; Thompson, J.E.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D. (Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA)); Ren, J.; Whangbo, M. (Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina (USA)); Chaikin, P.M. (Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA) Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, New Jersey (USA))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

46

Two interesting features in the infrared and raman spectra of the 12K organic superconductor {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

Two of the larger features in the infrared conductivity spectra of {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br are analyzed and one is reassigned with the aid of infrared and Raman spectra of isotopically substituted compounds.

Eldridge, J.E.; Xie, Y. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics; Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Schlueter, J.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). (December 2011) Charlie D. Dowling, III, B.S., College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Russell W. Jessup A high-biomass perennial grass that is directly seeded using existing farm equipment can reduce both planting and overall input costs. Three cytoplasmic male-sterile cms A-lines and four fertile genotypes of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.) and one novel pearl millet selection from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program at Texas A&M University were selected to cross with napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). The pearl millet parents were chosen based on characteristics such as basal tillering, plant height, and days to anthesis. Three napiergrass accessions from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program and the cultivar Merkeron were used as pollinators for these crosses. The cms and fertile pearl millet accessions produced full heads of seed when pollinated with napiergrass. There were a large range of seed sizes and weights for each hybrid family, and the seed were separated into four size classes. The weight differences from the largest to smallest class of seed varied by more than 30%. All of the seed classes germinated, and seed size, in this case, was completely unrelated to the ability to germinate. 100% germination was observed in five seed size classes for both PMN iv hybrids, and 90% germination was observed in three of the eight classes. Essentially all of the hybrid seed recovered from the original pearl millet x napiergrass crosses germinated, but all of the F 1 hybrids were sterile in that none of them produced viable seed. Flow cytometry could not be used to identify the hybrids because the DNA content of pearl millet and napiergrass were essentially the same even though distinct 2C and 4C peaks were seen from the diploid pearl millet. From the 58 EST-SSRs surveyed in the bulked segregate analysis, several were heterozygous dominant and many were homozygous dominant and hemizygous at its particular loci. Seven hemizygous EST-SSRs were identified for Merkeron, seven for PEPU09FL01, eight for PEPU09FL02, and six for PEPU09FL03. These markers are extremely valuable to any pearl millet x napiergrass hybridization program because they provide a means whereby the hybrids can be easily identified. Identification of hemizygous pearl millet markers will also assist in future DNA sequencing and also in a marker-assisted breeding program.

Dowling, Charlie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Simulation and performance analysis of basic GAX and advanced GAX cycles with ammonia/water and ammonia/water/LiBr absorption fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) and branched GAX cycles are generally considered with NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O as their working fluid. The potential consequences of using a ternary mixture of NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr (advanced fluids) in the GAX and Branched GAX (advanced cycles) are discussed in this study. A modular steady state absorption simulation model(ABSIM) was used to investigate the potential of combining the above advanced cycles with the advanced fluids. ABSIM is capable of modeling varying cycle configurations with different working fluids. Performance parameters of the cycles, including coefficient of performance (COP) and heat duties, were investigated as functions of different operating parameters in the cooling mode for both the NH {sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary and the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary mixtures. High performance potential of GAX and branched GAX cycles using the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary fluid mixture was achieved especially at the high range of firing temperatures exceeding 400{degrees}F. The cooling COP`s have been improved by approximately 21% over the COP achieved with the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary mixtures. These results show the potential of using advanced cycles with advanced fluid mixtures (ternary or quaternary fluid mixtures).

Zaltash, A.; Grossman, G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone Mesozoic Granitic MW K Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones major range front fault Jurassic Basalt MW K Geysers Geothermal Area Geysers Geothermal Area Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone intrusion margin and associated fractures MW K Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Displacement Transfer Zone Caldera Margin Quaternary Rhyolite MW K

50

Photoelectron spectroscopy of higher bromine and iodine oxide anions: Electron affinities and electronic structures of BrO2,3 and IO2-4 radicals.  

SciTech Connect

This report details a photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) investigation on electron affinities (EAs) and electronic structures of several atmospherically relevant higher bromine and iodine oxide molecules in the gas phase. PES spectra of BrO{sub 2}{sup -} and IO{sub 2}{sup -} were recorded at 12 K and four photon energies--355 nm/3.496 eV, 266 nm/4.661 eV, 193 nm/6.424 eV, and 157 nm/7.867 eV--while BrO{sub 3}{sup -}, IO{sub 3}{sup -}, and IO{sub 4}{sup -} were studied at 193 and 157 nm only due to their expected high electron binding energies. Spectral features corresponding to transitions from the anion ground state to the ground and excited states of the neutral are unraveled and resolved for each species. For the first time, EAs of these bromine and iodine oxides are experimentally determined (except for IO{sub 2}) to be 2.515 {+-} 0.010 (BrO{sub 2}), 2.575 {+-} 0.010 (IO{sub 2}), 4.60 {+-} 0.05 (BrO{sub 3}), 4.70 {+-} 0.05 (IO{sub 3}), and 6.05 {+-} 0.05 eV (IO{sub 4}). Three low-lying excited states with their respective excitation energies are obtained for BrO{sub 2} [1.69 (A {sup 2}B2), 1.79 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.99 eV (C {sup 2}A{sub 2})], BrO{sub 3} [0.7 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.6 (B {sup 2}E), 3.1 eV (C {sup 2}E)], and IO{sub 3} [0.60 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.20 (B {sup 2}E), {approx}3.0 eV (C {sup 2}E)], whereas six excited states of IO{sub 2} are determined with the respective excitation energies of 1.63 (A {sup 2}B{sub 2}), 1.73 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.83 (C {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 4.23 (D {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 4.63 (E {sup 2}B{sub 2}), and 5.23 eV (F {sup 2}B{sub 1}). Periodate possesses a very high electron binding energy. Only one excited state feature with 0.95 eV excitation energy is shown in the 157 nm spectrum. The obtained EAs and low-lying excited state information are compared with available theoretical calculations and discussed with their atmospheric implications.

Wen, Hui; Hou, Gaolei; Huang, Wei; Govind, Niranjan; Wang, Xue B.

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

51

{sup 13}C NMR line-shape studies of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR line position, line shape, and spin-spin relaxation rate data for the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The data make possible identification of the crystallographic site responsible for the NMR lines, clarify a line broadening transition near 150 K, and probe the nature of the fluxoid lattice below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Design and experimental testing of the performance of an outdoor LiBr/H{sub 2}O solar thermal absorption cooling system with a cold store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A domestic-scale prototype experimental solar cooling system has been developed based on a LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption system and tested during the 2007 summer and autumn months in Cardiff University, UK. The system consisted of a 12 m{sup 2} vacuum tube solar collector, a 4.5 kW LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption chiller, a 1000 l cold storage tank and a 6 kW fan coil. The system performance, as well as the performances of the individual components in the system, were evaluated based on the physical measurements of the daily solar radiation, ambient temperature, inlet and outlet fluid temperatures, mass flow rates and electrical consumption by component. The average coefficient of thermal performance (COP) of the system was 0.58, based on the thermal cooling power output per unit of available thermal solar energy from the 12 m{sup 2} Thermomax DF100 vacuum tube collector on a hot sunny day with average peak insolation of 800 W/m{sup 2} (between 11 and 13.30 h) and ambient temperature of 24 C. The system produced an electrical COP of 3.6. Experimental results prove the feasibility of the new concept of cold store at this scale, with chilled water temperatures as low as 7.4 C, demonstrating its potential use in cooling domestic scale buildings. (author)

Agyenim, Francis; Knight, Ian; Rhodes, Michael [The Welsh School of Architecture, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3NB Wales (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

53

Estimation of steady-state and transcient power distributions for the RELAP analyses of the 1963 loss-of-flow and loss-of-pressure tests at BR2.  

SciTech Connect

To support the safety analyses required for the conversion of the Belgian Reactor 2 (BR2) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, the simulation of a number of loss-of-flow tests, with or without loss of pressure, has been undertaken. These tests were performed at BR2 in 1963 and used instrumented fuel assemblies (FAs) with thermocouples (TC) imbedded in the cladding as well as probes to measure the FAs power on the basis of their coolant temperature rise. The availability of experimental data for these tests offers an opportunity to better establish the credibility of the RELAP5-3D model and methodology used in the conversion analysis. In order to support the HEU to LEU conversion safety analyses of the BR2 reactor, RELAP simulations of a number of loss-of-flow/loss-of-pressure tests have been undertaken. Preliminary analyses showed that the conservative power distributions used historically in the BR2 RELAP model resulted in a significant overestimation of the peak cladding temperature during the transient. Therefore, it was concluded that better estimates of the steady-state and decay power distributions were needed to accurately predict the cladding temperatures measured during the tests and establish the credibility of the RELAP model and methodology. The new approach ('best estimate' methodology) uses the MCNP5, ORIGEN-2 and BERYL codes to obtain steady-state and decay power distributions for the BR2 core during the tests A/400/1, C/600/3 and F/400/1. This methodology can be easily extended to simulate any BR2 core configuration. Comparisons with measured peak cladding temperatures showed a much better agreement when power distributions obtained with the new methodology are used.

Dionne, B.; Tzanos, C. P. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

54

80 K anomaly and its effect on the superconducting and magnetic transition in deuterated {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report careful transport and magnetic measurements on single crystals of deuterated {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br. By cooling the sample at different rates, it is found that cooling through 80K has a dramatic effect on the normal state metal-insulator transition and the superconducting transition temperatures. In-plane resistivity depends strongly on the cooling rate for temperatures below 80K, above which all resistivity curves cooled at different rates converge. By comparing it with the nondeuterated salt and the quasi-1D Bechgaard salt, we speculate that 80K corresponds to a structural phase transition in the anion chain. Fast cooling through 80K will freeze the high temperature magnetic phase to low temperatures and the presence of local magnetic moments suppresses the superconducting T{sub c}. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Su, X.; Zuo, F. [Department of Physics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 (United States); Schlueter, J.A.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

{sup 13}C NMR studies of the normal and superconducting states of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR spin-lattice relaxation rates 1/{ital T}{sub 1} and Knight shifts {ital K}{sub {ital S}} in the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The normal-state behavior is reminiscent of the high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} cuprates, in which antiferromagnetic fluctuations and spin-gap behavior dominate. In the superconducting state, the data rule out the BCS electron-phonon mechanism as the source of the superconductivity, but support an unconventional pairing state with possible nodes in the gap function.

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Ion-pairing in aqueous CaCl2 and RbBr solutions: simultaneous structural refinement of XAFS and XRD data  

SciTech Connect

We present a new methodology involving the simultaneous refinement of both x-ray absorption and x-ray diffraction spectra (X-ray Absorption/Diffraction Structural Refinement,XADSR), to study hydration and ion pair structure of CaCl2 and RbBr salts in concentrated aqueous solutions. The XADSR analysis includes the XAFS spectra analysis of both the cation and anion as a probe of their short-range structure with an XRD spectral analysis as a probe of the global structural. Together they deliver a comprehensive picture of the cation and anion hydration, the contact ion pair (CIP) structure and the solvent-separated ion pair (SSIP) structure. XADSR analysis of 6.0 m aqueous CaCl2 reveals that there are an insignificant number of Ca2+-Cl- CIPs, but there are approximately 3.4 SSIPs separated by about 4.99 . In contrast XADSR analysis of aqueous RbBr yields about 0.7 pair CIP at a bond length 3.51 . The present work demonstrates a new approach for a direct co-refinement of XRD and XAFS spectra in a simple and reliable fashion, opening new opportunities for analysis in various disordered and crystalline systems. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Battelle.

Pham, Thai V.; Fulton, John L.

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

Two anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids with N-substituted benzotriazole ligands  

SciTech Connect

Solvothermal reactions of the flexible ligand 1,6-Bi(benzotriazole)hexane with CuI and KI or CuBr and KBr in ethanol generate two hybrid compounds, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n}(1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)hexane). In 1, two [Cu{sub 3}I{sub 4}] vertex missing cubane-like subunits link each other by sharing one I atom to give a [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}] cluster, which further form novel 1D [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} anionic chain. Two in-situ generated ETA ligands finished the 4-coordinated environments of copper centers and another one discrete protonated ETA ligand keeps the charge neutrality for 1. In complex 2, bowl-shaped [Cu{sub 5}Br{sub 4}] clusters and rhomboid [Cu{sub 2}Br{sub 2}] dimers link each other to generate a [Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} 1D chain. BBTH ligands complete the tetrahedral spheres of Cu(I), and 7-coordinated K atoms further extend the 1D chain motifs to a 2D hybrid layer of 2. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum and luminescence measurements show that compound 1 and 2 both are potential semiconductor and photoluminescence materials. - Graphical abstract: Two unprecedented anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n} (1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)- hexane) have been synthesized under solvothermal reactions and characterized.

Gao Xia [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Zhai Quanguo, E-mail: zhaiqg@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Li Shuni; Xia Rui; Xiang Haijuan; Jiang Yucheng [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Hu Mancheng, E-mail: hmch@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Semileptonic Form Factor ratio B_s->D_s/B->D and Its Application to BR(B^0_s->\\mu^+\\mu^-)  

SciTech Connect

We present a (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD calculation of the form factor ratio between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}}. This ratio is an important theoretical input to the hadronic determination of the B meson fragmentation fraction ratio f{sub s}/f{sub d} which enters in the measurement of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). Small lattice spacings and high statistics enable us to simulate the decays with a dynamic final D meson of small momentum and reliably extract the hadronic matrix elements at nonzero recoil. We report our preliminary result for the form factor ratio at the corresponding momentum transfer of the two decays f{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/f{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}).

Du, Daping; /Iowa U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; DeTar, Carleton; /Utah U.; Kronfeld, Andreas; /Fermilab; Laiho, Jack; /Strathclyde U. /Glasgow U.; Meurice, Yannick; /Iowa U.; Qiu, Si-wei; /Utah U.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

T{sub c}-dependent Raman scattering from a high-frequency phonon in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the temperature dependence of the frequencies of two high-frequency intramolecular modes in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br measured by resonant Raman scattering, with the use of a Fourier-transform spectrometer equipped with an infrared laser. One of these modes, that at 892cm{sup {minus}1} and assigned to {nu}{sub 60}(B{sub 3g}) exhibits an increase below T{sub c} of 2.2{plus_minus}0.7cm{sup {minus}1} and 2.2{plus_minus}0.4cm{sup {minus}1} when measured in a Janis Dewar and in a Heli-Tran refrigerator, respectively. A smaller increase is observed in the deuterated sample and no increase is observed at all if the samples are cooled too rapidly. Two other modes, {nu}{sub 3}(A{sub g}) at 1474cm{sup {minus}1} and {nu}{sub 9}(A{sub g}) at 503cm{sup {minus}1}, show no such increase below T{sub c} in the slowly cooled samples. We speculate that the normal electron-phonon interaction may not be responsible for the frequency increase but that the superconducting transition may involve a change in either the geometry or the arrangement of the BEDT-TTF molecules to which the particular mode is sensitive. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Eldridge, J.E.; Lin, Y. [Physics Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T1Z1 (CANADA); Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Chemical Rearrangement under Hydrothermal Conditions: Formation of Polymeric Chains (CuX)2(dpiz) and (CuX)3(dpiz) (X ) Cl, Br; dpiz ) Dipyrido[1,2-a:2,3-d]imidazole) and Crystal Structures of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to their excellent redox catalytic abilities.10 In this Communication, we report the synthesisL acid digestion bombs at 170 °C afforded orange crystals of 1 [(CuCl)2(C10H7N3)] (I) and 1 [(CuBr)3(C crystallographically independent copper sites in this common motif. Cu(1), the Cu atom in the tetrahedral site

Li, Jing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

A new ambient-pressure organic superconductor,. kappa. -(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br, with the highest transition temperature yet observed (inductive onset T sub c = 11. 6 K, resistive onset = 12. 5 K)  

SciTech Connect

The preparation of a new ambient-pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br (BEDT-TTF or ET = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrafulvalene) is reported. This compounds exhibits the highest inductive onset temperature, T{sub c} = 11.6K (resistive onset = 12.5K) yet reported. The crystallographic and bond electron structure, ESR characteristics, and its superconductivity transition have all been measured, and the results are reported. 28 refs., 3 figs.

Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, Myunghwan (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh (USA))

1990-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

62

Computational fluid dynamics analyses of lateral heat conduction, coolant azimuthal mixing and heat transfer predictions in a BR2 fuel assembly geometry.  

SciTech Connect

To support the analyses related to the conversion of the BR2 core from highly-enriched (HEU) to low-enriched (LEU) fuel, the thermal-hydraulics codes PLTEMP and RELAP-3D are used to evaluate the safety margins during steady-state operation (PLTEMP), as well as after a loss-of-flow, loss-of-pressure, or a loss of coolant event (RELAP). In the 1-D PLTEMP and RELAP simulations, conduction in the azimuthal and axial directions is not accounted. The very good thermal conductivity of the cladding and the fuel meat and significant temperature gradients in the lateral directions (axial and azimuthal directions) could lead to a heat flux distribution that is significantly different than the power distribution. To evaluate the significance of the lateral heat conduction, 3-D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, using the CFD code STAR-CD, were performed. Safety margin calculations are typically performed for a hot stripe, i.e., an azimuthal region of the fuel plates/coolant channel containing the power peak. In a RELAP model, for example, a channel between two plates could be divided into a number of RELAP channels (stripes) in the azimuthal direction. In a PLTEMP model, the effect of azimuthal power peaking could be taken into account by using engineering factors. However, if the thermal mixing in the azimuthal direction of a coolant channel is significant, a stripping approach could be overly conservative by not taking into account this mixing. STAR-CD simulations were also performed to study the thermal mixing in the coolant. Section II of this document presents the results of the analyses of the lateral heat conduction and azimuthal thermal mixing in a coolant channel. Finally, PLTEMP and RELAP simulations rely on the use of correlations to determine heat transfer coefficients. Previous analyses showed that the Dittus-Boelter correlation gives significantly more conservative (lower) predictions than the correlations of Sieder-Tate and Petukhov. STAR-CD 3-D simulations were performed to compare heat transfer predictions from CFD and the correlations. Section III of this document presents the results of this analysis.

Tzanos, C. P.; Dionne, B. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

63

Feasibility Study of a Portable Coupled 3He Detector with LaBr3 Gamma Scintillator for Field Identification and Quantification of Nuclear Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been several research endeavors to increase the ability to identify and quantify special nuclear material in field measurements. These have included both gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence systems that are portable and work in a variety of environments. In this work, a Monte Carlo Neutral Practicle X (MCNPX) model was used to design an instrument that includes four gamma detection slabs placed within four neutron detection slabs. The combination of gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence counting in a single instrument allows for direct measurement of plutonium (Pu) mass without need for assumptions or operator declarations. A combined neutron-gamma instrument was designed for use in characterizing and quantifying Pu in field samples. This detector consists of a plastic scintillator containing LaBr3 nanoparticles and a polyethylene slab containing four 3He tube detectors. The system was tested via simulation with MCNPX for four Pu samples of known quality and quantity. These samples had masses ranging from 100-300 g of Pu. It was found that the designed detector system could be used to determine 240Pu-effective mass to within 3.5% accuracy and to characterize the isotopic content of the Pu to within 2% accuracy for all isotopes except for 238Pu and 242Pu. The system could determine 238Pu isotopic content to within 14% accuracy but is completely unable to determine 242Pu content. This system has the ability to Four Plutonium (Pu) samples of known quantity were modeled and tested to determine what data was available from each individual signature. Each model included a separate MCNPX deck for each individual isotope that contributes to the gamma signature in photon mode and a spontaneous fission and (alpha,n) deck for the neutron signature. The first three samples were used to create spectrums and efficiency curves for each odd isotope as well as for a Pu effective mass for the neutron signature. The data from these simulations were then used to identify the isotopics in the fourth sample to within acceptable accuracy. From this data, a total Pu mass was obtained as well as an ability to determine the ratio of (alpha,n) to spontaneous fission neutrons without additional simulations. This provides a new method to detect and identify the Pu content within a sample without producing requiring supplemental additional information since isotopics can be determined with the combined use of the gamma and neutron systems.

Strohmeyer, Daniel C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

New k-phase materials, k-(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )X: X = Cl, Br and I: The synthesis, structure and superconductivity above 11 K in the Cl ( Tc = 12. 8 K, 0. 3 kbar) and Br( Tc = 11. 6 K) salts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The syntheses, structures, selected physical properties, and band electronic structures of three copper (I) dicyanamide halide salts of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene ({kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})X, where X = Cl, Br, and I) are discussed. X-ray crystallographic studies demonstrate that the three derivatives are isostructural. The bromide salt is an ambient pressure superconductor with an inductive onset at 11.6 K and a resistive onset at 12.5 K. {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl exhibits the highest reported superconducting transition temperature ({Tc} = 12.8 K, 0.3 kbar) for an organic superconductor, once a semiconductor-semiconductor transition (42 K) is suppressed. The application of GE varnish or Apiezon N grease to crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl provides sufficient stress to induce superconductivity at ambient pressure.'' Crystals of the iodide remain metallic to {approximately}150 K, where they become weakly semiconductive. No sign of superconductivity was detected at pressures (hydrostatic and shearing) up to 5.2 kbar and at temperatures as low as 1.1 K. The band electronic structures of the three salts are essentially identical. The differences in superconducting properties are explained in terms of differences in lattice softness, which are strongly influenced by short C-H{hor ellipsis}donor and C-H{hor ellipsis}anion contacts. 17 refs., 2 figs.

Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Schultz, A.J.; Williams, J.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Boryschuk, S.J.; Strieby Crouch, A.V.; Kommers, J.M.; Watkins, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Schirber, J.E.; Overmyer, D.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Jung, D.; Novoa, J.J.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Low-Temperature Penetration Depth of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN) {sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present high-precision measurements of the penetration depth of single crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} at temperatures down to 0.4 K. We find that, at low temperatures, the in-plane penetration depth ({lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}) varies as a fractional power law, {lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}{approx}T{sup (3/2)}. While this may be taken as evidence for novel pair excitation processes, we show that the data are also consistent with a quasilinear variation of the superfluid density, as is expected for a d -wave superconductor with impurities or a small residual gap. Our data for the interplane penetration depth show similar features and give a direct measurement of the absolute value, {lambda}{sub (perpendicular} {sub sign)}(0)=100{+-}20 {mu}m . (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Carrington, A.; Bonalde, I. J.; Prozorov, R.; Giannetta, R. W.; Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J.; Wang, H. H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J. M.

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Muon-spin-relaxation measurements of magnetic penetration depth in organic superconductors (BEDT-TTF) sub 2 - X : X =Cu(NCS) sub 2 and Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic-field penetration depth {lambda} in the organic superconductors {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(NCS){sub 2} and {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br has been measured over a wide temperature region 20 mK{le}{ital T}{le}15 K via the muon-spin-relaxation technique. Linear variation of {lambda} with {ital T} at low temperatures, found in both systems, is consistent with anisotropic superconducting pairings with line nodes in the energy gap. In the latter compound, we observe flux depinning at {ital T}{similar to}5 K, well below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}=12 K.

Le, L.P.; Luke, G.M.; Sternlieb, B.J.; Wu, W.D.; Uemura, Y.J. (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)); Brewer, J.H.; Riseman, T.M. (Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)); Stronach, C.E. (Department of Physics, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia 23803 (United States)); Saito, G.; Yamochi, H. (Department of Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 (Japan)); Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M. (Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States))

1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

67

$B_s\\to D_s/B\\to D$ Semileptonic Form-Factor Ratios and Their Application to BR($B^0_s\\to \\mu^+\\mu^-$)  

SciTech Connect

We calculate form-factor ratios between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} with lattice QCD. These ratios are a key theoretical input in a new strategy to determine the fragmentation fractions of the neutral B decays, which are needed for measurements of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). They use the MILC ensembles of gauge configurations with 2 + 1 flavors of sea quarks at two lattice spacings of approximately 0.12 fm and 0.09 fm. We use the model-independent z parametrization to extrapolate their simulation results at small recoil toward maximum recoil. The results for the form-factor ratios are {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}) = 1.046(44){sub stat.}(15){sub syst.} and {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2}) = 1.054(47){sub stat.}(17){sub syst.}. In contrast to a QCD sum-rule calculation, no significant departure from U-spin (d {leftrightarrow} s) symmetry is observed.

Bailey, Jon A.; /Seoul Natl. U.; Bazavov, A.; /Brookhaven; Bernard, C.; /Washington U., St. Louis; Bouchard, C.M.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Fermilab /Ohio State U.; DeTar, C.; /Utah U.; Du, Daping; /Iowa State U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; El-Khadra, A.X.; /Illinois U., Urbana; Foley, J.; /Utah U.; Freeland, E.D.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Benedictine U.; Gamiz, E.; /Fermilab /Granada U.; Gottlieb, Steven; /Indiana U. /APS, New York

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Unusual behavior in the upper critical magnetic fields of the ambient-pressure organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br (where BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenedithio) tetrathiofulvalene)  

SciTech Connect

We report a determination of the temperature dependence of the upper critical magnetic fields {ital H}{sub {ital c}2} for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, with the use of dc-magnetization measurements that show a well-defined diamagnetic onset. We find large slopes of {minus}20 T/K and {minus}2.2 T/K for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac} and {bold H}{parallel}{ital b}, respectively, which lead to coherence lengths of 37 and 4 A. There is unusual structure in the critical fields and a possible dimensional crossover at {ital T}/{ital T}{sub {ital c}}{approximately}0.97 for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac}. Neither the slopes nor the structure are observable in the superconducting transition measured by ac magnetoresistance, which exhibits strong magnetic-field broadening similar to that of the high-{Tc} copper oxide superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}}. We find a strong depression of {ital T}{sub {ital c}}, as large as 1.2 K, when the sample is rapidly cooled.

Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Carlson, K.D.; Crabtree, G.W.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M.; Stupka, D.L.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E. (Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA) Chemistry Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Structure-property relationships for. beta. - and. kappa. -phase BEDT-TTF salts and their use in the synthesis of. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new ambient pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, has been discovered with an inductive onset {Tc} = 11.6 {plus minus} 0.1 K (resistive onset = 12.5 {plus minus} 0.1 K). The anion in the new salt consists of a polymeric mixed (halide)(pseudohalide)cuprate(I) species. Because of the large number of metal/halide/pseudohalide substitutions that can be made in this anionic species, it opens up an entirely new conceptual approach to the design of additional conducting and superconducting (with even higher {Tc}'s) cation-radical salts by use of planar polymeric anions. Studies along these lines are currently under way in our laboratory. It is also becoming increasingly clear that in terms of structure (both are layered superconductors) and the physics (both are type II-superconductors with anisotropic coherence lengths, anisotropic H{sub c2}, and in which superconductivity is competing with magnetic ground states, etc.),the organic superconductors are more similar to the high-{Tc} oxide superconductors than to other classes of superconductors. Thus, the prospects for discovering high-{Tc} in organic systems appear very bright

Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, Hau H.; Carlson, K.D.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA). Dept. of Chemistry)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Measurement of sigma(ppbar->Z) Br(Z->tau+tau-) and search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau+tau- at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The resonant production of tau-lepton pairs is as interesting for the study of Standard Model (SM) physics as the production of lighter leptons pairs. For new phenomena, such as Higgs boson production or in case new particles beyond the SM would arise, the detection of (resonant) pairs of tau leptons becomes much more interesting. This is due to the fact that tau leptons are much heavier than the other leptons, which increases the chance that these new phenomena would be observed first in this channel. Unfortunately their clean detection is far more difficult than that of muons or electrons. The cross section times branching ratio {sigma}{center_dot} Br for the process p{bar p} {yields} Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} was measured at {radical}s = 1.96 GeV using 1.0 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 experiment. This measurement was performed in the channel in which one of the tau leptons decays to a muon and neutrinos, while the other decays either hadronically or to an electron and neutrinos. A set of 1511 events, of which about 20% estimated background, passed all selection criteria. The trigger and muon reconstruction efficiencies, as well as the efficiency for track reconstruction were obtained from data using the 'tag and probe' method on Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events. The multijet background was estimated from the sample of events which passed all selection criteria but in which the muon and the tau candidate had the same charge. The W {yields} {mu}{nu} + jets background was modeled by Monte Carlo simulations, but normalized to data. All the other backgrounds, as well as the efficiency for Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events were estimated using simulated events normalized to the theoretical calculations of cross sections at next-to-leading order or next-to-next-to-leading order. The energy of the tau candidates was corrected for the estimated response of the charged pions in the calorimeter, which is of the order 50-80%. Since the charged pion response in data was not well reproduced by the default simulation of hadronic interactions (Geisha), a different simulation (gCALOR) was used to obtain an estimated charged pion response consistent with the one measured in data. This tau energy correction method makes use of the superior resolution of the track momentum measurement compared to the resolution of the tau candidate energy as measured by the calorimeter, which leads to a better data--simulation agreement and a decrease of 10% in the resolution of the visible mass peak. The result of this measurement is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) = 240 {+-} 8(stat) {+-} 12(syst) {+-} 15(lumi) pb, in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of 241.6{sub -3.2}{sup +3.6} pb [79] or 251.9{sub -12}{sup +5.1} pb [93-95], as well as with other measurements performed by the D0 and CDF experiments in all channels in which the Z boson decays leptonically [96-100]. This is the most precise Z boson cross section measurement to date performed in the tau lepton channel at hadron colliders. The analysis demonstrates the ability of the D0 experiment to identify tau leptons decaying hadronically with good efficiency and high purity, a challenging task in p{bar p} collisions where the number of jets resembling tau leptons is very high. This achievement forms a solid basis for other analyses using hadronic tau lepton decays, such as the search for the Higgs boson decaying into tau-lepton pairs, which was performed for the last part of this thesis.

Galea, Cristina Florina; /Nijmegen U.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

br23082-bw version.qxd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

72

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 2013 August 2013 Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated Activated Carbon The primary anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions into the atmosphere is coal- fired power utilities. This work explores materials designed for Hg capture to be applied in the ductwork of a power plant to prevent Hg release into the atmosphere. Bench-scale com- bustion experiments have been carried out, in which sorbent materials were placed in a simulated flue gas stream doped with ppb levels of Hg. The sorbent surfaces were probed using x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the mechanism of Hg binding and to ultimately improve solvent design. The spectroscopy data was analyzed alongside results from density functional theory (DFT) for benchmarking so that DFT can be used as a

73

br23082-bw version.qxd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

74

Microsoft Word - BR6738_preprint.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

known as "Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future" (Brown, Levine et al. 2001), the McKinsey "cost curve" analysis of abatement costs (Creyts 2007), and efficiency analysis and...

75

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BOE Reserve Class BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline ID The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US Departments of Interior, Agriculture and Energy.

76

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin (1), Steve Jackson (1) and Robert King (2) (1) Z, Inc., (2) Energy Information Administration BIG PINEY TIP TOP BIR D CANYON SWAN FONTEN ELL E LABARGE...

77

New ambient pressure organic superconductors:. alpha. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 (NH sub 4 )Hg(SCN) sub 4 ,. beta. m-(BEDO-TTF) sub 3 Cu sub 2 (NCS) sub 3 , and. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than one hundred and twenty conducting salts based on the organic donor-molecule BEDT-TTF are known, where BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (abbreviated herein as ET). Several of the early salts possessed tetrahedral and octahedral anions, such as (ET){sub 2}ClO{sub 4}(TCE), (ET){sub 2}PF{sub 6}, (ET){sub 2}ReO{sub 4}, and (ET){sub 2}BrO{sub 4}. The perchlorate salt is metallic to 1.4 K,{sup 1} and the perrenate derivative was the first ET based organic superconductor ({Tc} 2 K, 4.5 kbar). Since the discovery of ambient pressure superconductivity in {beta}-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} ({Tc} 1.4 K),{sup 5} other isostructural {beta}-(ET){sub 2}X salts have been prepared with higher {Tc}'s. A structure-property correlation for the {beta}-type salts has been reviewed in this volume; it predicts that {Tc}'s higher than 8K are possible if {beta}-salts with linear anions longer than I{sub 3}{sup {minus}} can be synthesized. During the search for new linear anions, a variety of compounds with discovered with polymeric anions. The report of superconductivity in {kappa}-(ET){sub 4}Hg{sub 3}X{sub 8} (X = Cl, {Tc} 5.4 K 29 kbar and X = Br, {Tc} 4.3 K ambient pressure and 6.7 K 3.5 kbar) and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} ({Tc} 10.4 K) further stimulated the search for novel polymeric anions. A general synthetic strategy for preparing new salts containing polymeric anions is to couple a coordinatively unsaturated neutral transition metal halide/pseudohalide with a simple halide or pseudohalide during an electrocrystallization synthesis. In this article, the authors discuss three new ambient pressure organic superconductors with novel polymeric anions, {alpha}-(ET){sub 2}(NH{sub 4})Hg(SCN){sub 4}, {beta}m-(BO){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}(NCS){sub 3} and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br. 48 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Wang, H.H.; Beno, M.A.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E.; Williams, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Hydrogen for X-group exchange in CH3X, X = Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2 byMonomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH: Experimental and Computational Support for a Carbenoid Mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH, referred to as Cp'2CeH, andCH3X where X is Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2, are described. The reactions fall intothree distinct classes. Class a, where X = Cl, Br and I rapidly form Cp'2CeX and CH4without formation of identifiable intermediates in the 1H NMR spectra. Class b, whereX = OMe proceeds rapidly to Cp'2Ce(eta2-CH2OMe) and H2 and then to Cp'2CeOMeand CH4. The methoxymethyl derivative is sufficiently stable to be isolated andcharacterized and it is rapidly converted to Cp'2CeOMe in presence of BPh3. Class c,where X = NMe2 does not result in formation of Cp'2CeNMe2, but deuterium labelingexperiments show that H for D exchange occurs in NMe3. Density functionalcalculations DFT(B3PW91) on the reaction of (C5H5)2CeH, referred to as Cp2CeH,and CH3X show that the barrier for alpha-CH activation, resulting in formation ofCp2Ce(eta2-CH2X), proceeds with a relatively low activation barrier (DeltaG++) but thesubsequent ejection of CH2 and trapping by H2 has a higher barrier; the height of thesecond barrier lies in the order F, Cl, Br, I< OMe<< NMe2, consistent with theexperimental studies. The DFT calculations also show that the two-step reaction,which proceeds through a carbenoid intermediate, has a lower barrier than a directone-step sigma bond metathesis mechanism. The reaction of Cp2CeCH2OMe and BPh3 is calculated to be a low barrier process and the ylide, CH2(+)BPh3(-), is a transition state and not an intermediate.

Werkema, Evan; Andersen, Richard; Yahia, Ahmed; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Evidence for structural and electronic instabilities at intermediate temperatures in K-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X for X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} : implications for the phase diagram of these quasi-2D organic superconductors.  

SciTech Connect

We present high-resolution measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion {alpha}(T)={partial_derivative} ln l(T)/{partial_derivative}T of the quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) salts {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X with X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} in the temperature range T<{approx}150 K. Three distinct kinds of anomalies corresponding to different temperature ranges have been identified. These are (A) phase-transition anomalies into the superconducting (X=Cu(NCS){sub 2}, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br) and antiferromagnetic (X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl) ground state, (B) phase-transition-like anomalies at intermediate temperatures (30-50) K for the superconducting salts, and (C) kinetic, glasslike transitions at higher temperatures, i.e., (70-80) K for all compounds. By a thermodynamic analysis of the discontinuities at the second-order phase transitions that characterize the ground state of system (A), the uniaxial-pressure coefficients of the respective transition temperatures could be determined. We find that in contrast to what has been frequently assumed, the intraplane-pressure coefficients of Tc for this family of quasi-2D superconductors do not reveal a simple form of systematics. This demonstrates that attempts to model these systems by solely considering in-plane electronic parameters are not appropriate. At intermediate temperatures (B), distinct anomalies reminiscent of second-order phase transitions have been found at T*=38 K and 45 K for the superconducting X=Cu(NCS){sub 2} and Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts, respectively. Most interestingly, we find that the signs of the uniaxial pressure coefficients of T*, {partial_derivative}T*/{partial_derivative}p{sub i} (i=a,b,c), are strictly anticorrelated with those of {Tc}. Based on comparative studies including the nonsuperconducting X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl salt as well as isotopically labeled compounds, we propose that T* marks the transition to a density-wave state forming on minor, quasi-1D parts of the Fermi surface. Our results are compatible with two competing order parameters that form on disjunct portions of the Fermi surface. At elevated temperatures (C), all compounds show {alpha}(T) anomalies that can be identified with a kinetic, glasslike transition where, below a characteristic temperature T{sub g}, disorder in the orientational degrees of freedom of the terminal ethylene groups becomes frozen in. Our results provide a natural explanation for the unusual time- and cooling-rate dependences of the ground-state properties in the hydrogenated and deuterated Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts reported in the literature.

Muller, J.; Lang, M.; Steglich, F.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kini, A. M.; Sasaki T.; Materials Science Division; Max-Planck-Inst. fur Chemische Physik fester Stoffe; Physikalisches Inst. der Univ. Frankfurt; Tohoku Univ.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination Power Monitoring, Communication and Control Upgrade at Bryan Mound Degas Plant (Install) CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 10312012 Location(s): Texas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

National Biorefineries Database <br>

Open Energy Info (EERE)

positions to the plant locations and transloading terminals in order to generate the shape files.

82

Engineer II Job Number: 55533999 Req ID 54331BR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projects from concept through implementation. This includes project cost estimation, schedule development & overall project management. Provide process support to manufacturing facilities; trouble shoot equipment. Job Requirements: Experience in automation of pharmaceutical or food processing equipment

Heller, Barbara

83

Export.gov - CC_BR_DoingBusinessinBrazil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is Latin America's biggest economy and is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land mass and population with about 192 million people. Brazil's economy, the 6th...

84

Energy Conservation Tests of a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

85

Pedestal Fueling Simulations with a Coupled Kinetic-kinetic Plasma-neutral Transport Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Monte Carlo neutral transport routine, based on DEGAS2, has been coupled to the guiding center ion-electron-neutral neoclassical PIC code XGC0 to provide a realistic treatment of neutral atoms and molecules in the tokamak edge plasma. The DEGAS2 routine allows detailed atomic physics and plasma-material interaction processes to be incorporated into these simulations. The spatial pro le of the neutral particle source used in the DEGAS2 routine is determined from the uxes of XGC0 ions to the material surfaces. The kinetic-kinetic plasma-neutral transport capability is demonstrated with example pedestal fueling simulations.

D.P. Stotler, C.S. Chang, S.H. Ku, J. Lang and G.Y. Park

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

86

SciTech Connect: "smart grid"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technical Report: Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS 2 Simulation Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX...

87

From single-molecule magnetism to long-range ferromagnetism in Hpyr[Fe17O16(OH)12(py)12Br4]Br4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Canada K0J 1J0 5ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 or "molecular spin" at sufficiently low temperatures.1­3 A uniaxial molecular anisotropy due to the crystal LRMO . The large molecular spins in these crystals take the place of the individual magnetic ions

Ryan, Dominic

88

brOugHT TO yOu by A quickie with Australia's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kristin Obermeier Chelsea Obermeier David Oborne Christina O'Brien Kristin Ofeldt Andrea Ortu Emily place Andrea Ortu 4th place Emily Diettmann Nathalie Schlosser was the Best Advanced Handler and Wendy Franzyshen was the Best Novice Handler. Congratulations to all. The Club thanks the 4-H alumnus that came

New South Wales, University of

89

Potential Impacts of CF3I as a Replacement for CF3Br in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have used observed temperature distributions and fixed wind circulations ... The effects of zonally averaged winds are included in ... Solomon, S., MJ Mill ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Ulysses Supplement to the BATSE 4Br Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Interplanetary Network localization information for 147 gammaray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment between the end of the 3rd BATSE catalog and the end of the 4th BATSE catalog, obtained by analyzing the arrival times of these bursts at the Ulysses and Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) spacecraft. For any given burst observed by these two spacecraft, arrival time analysis (or triangulation) results in an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between 7 arcseconds and 2.3 degrees, depending on the intensity and time history of the burst, and the distance of the Ulysses spacecraft from Earth. This annulus generally intersects the BATSE error circle, resulting in an average reduction of the error box area of a factor of 25. Subject headings: gamma-rays: bursts; catalogs 1

K. Hurley; M. S. Briggs; C. Kouveliotou; C. Meegan; G. Fishman; T. Cline

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Vertical-tube aqueous LiBr falling film absorption using advanced surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A heat and mass transfer test stand was fabricated and used to investigate nonisothermal falling film absorption of water vapor into a solution of aqueous lithium bromide. The absorber was made of borosilicate glass for visual inspection of the failing film. Experiments were conducted on internally cooled tubes of about 0.019 m outside diameter and of 1.53 m length. Testing evaluated a single absorber tube`s performance at varying operating conditions, namely different cooling-water flow rates, solution flow rates, pressures, temperatures, and concentrations. Advanced surfaces were identified that enhanced absorber load and the mass of absorbed vapor. A pin-fin tube with 6.4mm pitch absorbed about 225% more mass than did a smooth tube. A grooved tube was the d best performer with 175% enhancement over the smooth tube. Increasing the cooling water flow rate to 1.893 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} m{sup 3}/s caused about a 300% increase in the mass absorbed for the grooved tube compared with the smooth tube. Results showed that the pin-fin tube with 6.4-mm pitch and the grooved tubes may enhance absorption to levels comparable to chemical enhancement in horizontal smooth tube absorbers. Absorber load, the transport coefficients, and pertinent absorption data are presented as functions of dimensionless numbers. These experimental data will prove useful in formulating analytical tools to predict vertical-tube absorber performance.

Miller, W.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Perez-Blanco, H. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

LLNL compiled first pages ordered by ascending B&R code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We aim to develop a fundamental understanding of materials dynamics (from {micro}s to ns) in systems where the required combination of spatial and temporal resolution can only be reached by the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM). In this regime, the DTEM is capable of studying complex transient phenomena with several orders of magnitude time resolution advantage over any existing in-situ TEM. Using the unique in situ capabilities and the nanosecond time resolution of the DTEM, we seek to study complex transient phenomena associated with rapid processes in materials, such as active sites on nanoscale catalysts and the atomic level mechanisms and microstructural features for nucleation and growth associated with phase transformations in materials, specifically in martensite formation and crystallization reactions from the amorphous phase. We also will study the transient phase evolution in rapid solid-state reactions, such as those occurring in reactive multilayer foils (RMLF). Program Impact: The LLNL DTEM possesses unique capabilities for capturing time resolved images and diffraction patterns of rapidly evolving materials microstructure under strongly driven conditions. No other instrument in the world can capture images with <10 nm spatial resolution of interesting irreversible materials processes such as phase transformations, plasticity, or morphology changes with 15 ns time resolution. The development of this innovative capability requires the continuing collaboration of laser scientists, electron microscopists, and materials scientists experienced in time resolved observations of materials that exist with particularly relevant backgrounds at LLNL. The research team has made observations of materials processes that are possible by no other method, such as the rapid crystallization of thin film NiTi that identified a change in mechanism at high heating rates as compared to isothermal anneals through changes in nucleation and growth rates of the crystalline phase. The project is designed to reveal these fundamental processes and mechanisms in rapid microstructure evolution that form the foundation of understanding that is an integral part of the DOE-BES mission.

Campbell, G; Kumar, M; Tobin, J; Noy, A; Browning, N

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF UNIMOLECULAR REACTIONS: Cl, F + C2H3Br  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pro~ of fluorine and chlorine atoms with vinyl bromide areheated nickle oven at The chlorine source was similar,the tot&l energy for the chlorine re&ction &nd FWHM ~ 4.2 kJ

Buss, Richard J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

080 Low Temperature Specific Heat of BiOX (X=Cl, Br and I) Single ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

005 Calcium Phosphates for Drug Carrier: Adsorption and Release Kinetics of Drugs ... 058 Properties Optimization of Refractory Mineral Resources in China.

95

Taba workstation: supporting software process deployment based on CMMI and MR-MPS.BR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deployment of software processes based on reference models is a knowledge-intensive task, i.e., a great amount of technical knowledge must be applied in order to guarantee conformance and adherence of processes deployed to the reference models adopted. ...

Mariano Montoni; Gleison Santos; Ana Regina Rocha; Svio Figueiredo; Reinaldo Cabral; Rafael Barcellos; Ahilton Barreto; Andra Soares; Cristina Cerdeiral; Peter Lupo

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

MPS.BR: a successful program for software process improvement in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software process improvement implementation based on software process reference models and standards is a complex and long-term endeavor that requires investment of large sums of money. These obstacles usually hinder organizations from implementing software ... Keywords: CMMI, ISO-IEC 15504, software process assessment model, software process reference model

Mariano Angel Montoni; Ana Regina Rocha; Kival Chaves Weber

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Modeling Study of Flame Quenching by CFsBr using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... om 006 am 016 0.m RELATIVE FLkME POSnlON (cm) Flyw 1. Temperature profils for the reference (dotted line) and CRBr (wlid lie ) cases. ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

98

Entropy flux relation for viscoelastic bodies I-Shih Liu (liu@im.ufrj.br)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be symmetrized. We shall write the gradient after being symmetrized in components simply as q C for 1 2 q C + q and its thermodynamic consequences exploited following the M¨uller-Liu procedure in which supply governed by the balance laws of mass, linear momentum and energy, + div x = 0, ¨x - div T = b, + div

Liu, I-Shih

99

LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 Research Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics were calculated for reference HEU and two proposed LEU fuel cycles using an 11-group diffusion-theory neutron flux solution in hexagonal-Z geometry. The diffusion theory model was benchmarked with a detailed Monte Carlo core model. The two proposed LEU fuel designs increased the {sup 235}U loading 20% and the fuel meat volume 51%. The first LEU design used {sup 10}B as a burnable absorber. Either proposed LEU fuel element would provide equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics similar to those of the HEU fuel cycle. Irradiation rates of Co control followers and Ir disks in the center of the core were reduced 6 {plus minus} 1% in the LEU equilibrium core compared to reference HEU core. 11 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Preliminary LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 reactor  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cycle calculations have been performed with reference HEU fuel and LEU fuel using Cd wires or boron as burnable absorbers. The /sup 235/U content in the LEU element has increased 20% to 480g compared to the reference HEU element. The number of fuel plates has remained unchanged while the fuel meat thickness has increased to 0.76 mm from 0.51 mm. The LEU meat density is 5.1 Mg U/m/sup 3/. The reference fuel cycle was a 31 element core operating at 56 MW with a 19.8 day cycle length and eight fresh elements loaded per cycle. Comparable fuel cycle characteristics can be achieved using the proposed LEU fuel element with either Cd wires or boron burnable absorbers. The neutron flux for E/sub n/ > 1 eV changes very little (<5%) in LEU relative to HEU cores. Thermal flux reductions are 5 to 10% in non-fueled positions, and 20 to 30% in fuel elements.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Characterization of Thallium Bromide (TlBr) for Room Temperature Radiation Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Motivation: Radiation Detection for HomelandSecurity . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Semiconductor Radiationand related features of radiation ionization energies in

Smith, Holland McTyeire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Property:Pitfalls | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Survey<br>> * Substantial lengths of cable energized with current at high voltage present a safety hazard.<br>> * The Schlumberger array is a...

103

NREL GIS Data: Illinois High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Illinois at a 50 meter height.<br>> Purpose: Provide information on the wind resource development potential within Illinois.<br>> SupplementalInformation:<...

104

Department of Energy - Wyoming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

> Refrigerators: Energy Star<br > Room Air Conditioning: Energy Star<br > Flat Panel TV: Energy Star<br > Desktop Computer: Energy Star<br > Monitor: Energy...

105

Applying ISO 9001: 2000, MPS.BR and CMMI to Achieve Software Process Maturity: BL Informatica's Pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customer satisfaction, quality improvement and rework reduction are known to be the most important benefits obtained through deployment of software process maturity models and standards within an organization. Since 2003 BL Informtica has been motivated ...

Analia Irigoyen Ferreiro Ferreira; Gleison Santos; Roberta Cerqueira; Mariano Montoni; Ahilton Barreto; Andrea O. Soares Barreto; Ana Regina Rocha

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

866 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 ICE: Intelligent Cell BrEathing to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficient communications, cellular net- works, renewable energy. I. INTRODUCTION GREENING is not merely by distributed electricity generators that utilize green energy drawn from renewable sources such as solar.042312.120486 be considered. The energy arrival depends on the renewable resources, and the energy consumption depends

Ansari, Nirwan

107

Department of Energy - Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Tankless Water Heater: 350<br > Natural Gas Clothes Dryer: 30<br > Smart Low-flow Showerhead: 20<br > Lavatory Faucet: 50<br > Windows: 1SqFt<br >Northern...

108

CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination Strategic Biomass Solutions<br>CX(s) Applied: A9<br>Date: 08252010<br>Location(s):...

109

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 03, 2013<br>Next Release Date: October 17, 2013<br>PJM West data for 2005-2012Re-released<br>><...

110

tutimura@mist.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp 6b;R !!M& kaneko@ipl.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:B!W­ p.1/20 #12;· · · · ­ p.2/20 #12;· · · ­ p.3/20 #12;· Java AWT/Swing (Java2D) · Tcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby = (Graphics2D)g; .... } @oN,%=%U%H%&%'%"9V5f!VTcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby/Tk · Tk $OGUI %D!Tcl, Perl, Ruby $J$I $N%9%/%j%W%H8@8l $H0l =o$K · Tcl/Tk $OJohn Ousterhout ;a $K$h$k%*!

Murota, Kazuo

111

Evidence for penguin-diagram decays: First observation of [ital B][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[gamma  

SciTech Connect

We have observed the decays [ital B][sup 0][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[sup 0][gamma] and [ital B][sup [minus

Ammar, R.; Ball, S.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Patton, S.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Savinov, V.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; O'Neill, J.J.; Severini, H.; Sun, C.R.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Daubenmeir, M.; Fulton, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Skovpen, Y.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Ross, W.R.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.L.; Wood, M.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Fast, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miao, T.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Wang, P.N.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.H.; Dominick, J.; Sanghera, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; He, D.; Goldberg, M.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G.C.; Muh; (CLEO Collaboration)

1993-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

112

Photodissociation Dynamics of Gas-Phase BrICl-and IBr2 Andrei Sanov, Todd Sanford, Laurie J. Butler, Jiri Vala, Ronnie Kosloff,,| and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(TCLP). To find out more about TCLP, check out the Environmental Protection Agency's web site at http

Butler, Laurie J.

113

Towards a Revised Monte Carlo Neutral Particle Surface Interaction Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The components of the neutral- and plasma-surface interaction model used in the Monte Carlo neutral transport code DEGAS 2 are reviewed. The idealized surfaces and processes handled by that model are inadequate for accurately simulating neutral transport behavior in present day and future fusion devices. We identify some of the physical processes missing from the model, such as mixed materials and implanted hydrogen, and make some suggestions for improving the model.

D.P. Stotler

2005-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

114

Department of Energy - Massachusetts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Control Ventilation: 200<br > ECM Fan Motors: 150<br > Chillers: 10 - 20ton; plus performance incentive<br > Compressed Air: 100 - 200HP

<...

115

Ambient and elevated temperature fracture and cyclic-fatigue properties in a series of Al-containing silicon carbides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of the AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of American

Yuan, Rong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b><br>Global Horizontal Irradiance<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

117

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

><br>Direct Normal Irradiance (kWhm2day)<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

118

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for July 2013 data<br>Next Monthly Release: End of October 2013 for August 2013 data<br>>2013 Data Re-released: September 30, 2013

119

Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg-LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

120

California Energy Commission - Electricity Consumption by County  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County (2006-2009) Electricity consumption data from the California Energy Commission sorted by County for Residential and Non-residential from 2006 to 2009.<br>
>...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)<br> Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWhm2day)<br> Internet: http:eosweb.larc.nasa.govsse<br> Note 1:...

122

REFRIGERATIONREFRIGERATION ((svsv: Kylteknik): Kylteknik) 424503 E 2010 #3424503 E 2010 #3 --rzrz Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Br-lean LiBr rich Heat 1. Metering device 2. Evaporator LiBr-rich 2. Evaporator 3. Absorber 4. Pump 5 systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4SingleSingle effect LiBr AR systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4 Example data forExample data for operating conditions 2.11.2010 ?bo Akademi Univ - Thermal and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8

Zevenhoven, Ron

123

Absorption spectrophotometric characterization of Sm(II), Sm(III), and Sm(II/III) bromides and Sm(III) oxybromide in the solid state  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Absorption spectra obtained from SmBr/sub 3/, SmBr/sub 2/, and Sm0Br were used in identifying the samarium species in several mixed-valence Sm(II/III) compounds produced by H/sub 2/ reduction of SmBr/sub 3/. The nature of the absorption of Sm0Br made it possible to detect even traces of Sm0Br in the Sm bromides.

Wood, A.B.; Young, J.P.; Peterson, J.R.; Haschke, J.M.

1981-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

NREL GIS Data: Texas High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Texas.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

125

NREL GIS Data: South Carolina High Resolution Wind Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

within the state of South Carolina.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

126

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Hawaii.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

127

NREL GIS Data: Wisconsin High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

development potential in Wisconsin.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

128

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INPE -<br>National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

129

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spreadsheet are also included.<br>>Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year...

130

Nepal: Applications of Renewable Energy Technologies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Technologies (Abstract):Wind, biomass, bio-gas, photovoltaic and small hydro renewable energy technologies in Nepal<br> <br>(Purpose):<...

131

Utilization of Renewables in Bangladesh: Case Studies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(2) Wind-solar hybrid system in Kuakata Sea Beach and (3) Micro hydro power plant of Aung Thuwi Khoi.<br> <br>(Purpose):SWERA Documentation...

132

Optimization Online - Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2003 ... Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil Production. Dario Aloise (dario ***at** * dimap.ufrn.br) Daniel Aloise (aloise ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br)

133

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka<br>

(Purpose):To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas<br> <...

134

NREL GIS Data: Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind speed (meterssecond). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).<br>>Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and...

135

Agenda  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee Public Meeting L'Enfant Plaza Hotel - Degas Room (2 nd Floor) September 23, 2008 8:00 Continental breakfast 9:00 Opening remarks Bill Martin, Washington Policy & Analysis 9:15 Opening Remarks Dennis Spurgeon, Assistant Secretary, Office of Nuclear Energy 9:30 Facilities subcommittee report John Ahearne, Sigma Xi 10:10 Break 10:30 Facilities report deliberation Bill Martin, Washington Policy & Analysis 11:30 Lunch 12:30 Mo-99 production Tom Cochran, Natural Resources Defense Council 1:30 Policy subcommittee report Dan Poneman, The Scowcroft Group 2:45 Break 3:00 Policy report deliberation Bill Martin, Washington Policy

136

Feasibility report on alternative methods for cooling cavern oils at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Oil caverns at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) are subjected to geothermal heating from the surrounding domal salt. This process raises the temperature of the crude oil from around 75 F upon delivery to SPR to as high as 130 F after decades of storage. While this temperature regime is adequate for long-term storage, it poses challenges for offsite delivery, with warm oil evolving gases that pose handling and safety problems. SPR installed high-capacity oil coolers in the mid-1990's to mitigate the emissions problem by lowering the oil delivery temperature. These heat exchanger units use incoming raw water as the cooling fluid, and operate only during a drawdown event where incoming water displaces the outgoing oil. The design criteria for the heat exchangers are to deliver oil at 100 F or less under all drawdown conditions. Increasing crude oil vapor pressures due in part to methane intrusion in the caverns is threatening to produce sufficient emissions at or near 100 F to cause the cooled oil to violate delivery requirements. This impending problem has initiated discussion and analysis of alternative cooling methods to bring the oil temperature even lower than the original design basis of 100 F. For the study described in this report, two alternative cooling methods were explored: (1) cooling during a limited drawdown, and (2) cooling during a degas operation. Both methods employ the heat exchangers currently in place, and do not require extra equipment. An analysis was run using two heat transfer models, HEATEX, and CaveMan, both developed at Sandia National Laboratories. For cooling during a limited drawdown, the cooling water flowrate through the coolers was varied from 1:1 water:oil to about 3:1, with an increased cooling capacity of about 3-7 F for the test cavern Bryan Mound 108 depending upon seasonal temperature effects. For cooling in conjunction with a degas operation in the winter, cavern oil temperatures for the test cavern Big Hill 102 were cooled sufficiently that the cavern required about 9 years to return to the temperature prior to degas. Upon reviewing these results, the authors recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy that a broader study of the cooling during degas be pursued in order to examine the potential benefits of cooling on all caverns in the current degasification schedule.

Levin, Bruce L.; Lord, David L.; Hadgu, Teklu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Simulation of Diffusive Lithium Evaporation Onto the NSTX Vessel Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for simulating the diffusive evaporation of lithium into a helium filled NSTX vacuum vessel is described and validated against an initial set of deposition experiments. The DEGAS 2 based model consists of a three-dimensional representation of the vacuum vessel, the elastic scattering process, and a kinetic description of the evaporated atoms. Additional assumptions are required to account for deuterium out-gassing during the validation experiments. The model agrees with the data over a range of pressures to within the estimated uncertainties. Suggestions are made for more discriminating experiments that will lead to an improved model.

D.P. Stotler, C.H. Skinner, W.R. Blanchard, P.S. Krstic, H.W. Kugel, H. Schneider, and L.E. Zakharov

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 Marketing Plan, is an entity that has executed a BR contract and is allocated a percentage of the BR. The FP percentages are reviewed during March of each year; and if the...

139

Green Button Applications | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recent content Probably the best reference on... Hi Vivek-<br>>I reached... OpenEI green button SDK Renewable Energy, Right in Your Back Yard The Green Button SDK is...

140

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):<br>Cooling Degree Days above 10 C (degree days)<br>The monthly accumulation of degrees when...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast Offshore Windspeed 90m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

142

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Hawaii Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

143

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

144

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 10m and 50m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data files of wind speed and wind power density at 10 and 50 m heights. Global data of offshore wind resource as generated by NASA's QuikScat SeaWinds scatterometer.<br>>...

145

1 | P a g e 2. Speaker's notes: Read the opinions expressed sentence here!!!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ensure protection of people and the environment. --NUREG BR-0500 A positive safety culture isn and the environment.--NUREG BR-0500 The recent history of our group is a case of developing an integrated system

146

Erosion control reduces fine particles in runoff to Lake Tahoe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporation of woodchips, or compost combined with mulchPN) Br ca, El el (100 kg/ha) Compost Biosol PN over straw Elel, El gl, Br ca Compost Biosol PN None Caltrans type-B

Grismer, Mark E.; Ellis, A. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

NREL GIS Data: Minnesota High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it to power density assuming a Weibull K of 2.0 and using elevation to estimate air density.<br>> OtherCitationDetails: This map has been validated with available...

148

Metrology and Precision for Nanoscale Manufacturing:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 27 cobalt Co 78 platinum Pt 45 palladium Pd 28 nickel Ni 35 Br35 Bromine Br 30 zinc Zn 32 germanium Ge 83 bismuth Bi 6 carbon C 2 helium He ...

149

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from the KAMMWASP studies for Kenya. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

150

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Nepal. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of windclasses to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for each wind class, using...

151

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the KAMMWASP studies for Ethiopia. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

152

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

See supplemental information.<br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

153

Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of CeBr3 and MBr-CeBr3 Systems (M=Li, Na, K, Rb). Author(s), Yue Wu,...

154

STUDIES OF CHROMATIN IN SITU BY FLUORESCENCE CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USA lf, EtBr Bindin to Chromatin EtBr is used as a probe ofDNA. The DNA in chromatin is in an environment veryDye binding in different chromatin samples was effected by

Sorscher, Stanley M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Analytical solution for the pull-out response of FRP rods embedded in steel tubes filled with cement grout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anchorages for FRP tendons. J Compos Constr ASCE 4(2):3947.doi:10.1061/(ASCE) Zhang BR, Benmokrane B, Chennouf A,anchors. J Compos Constr ASCE 5(2): Zhang BR, Benmokrane B,

Wu, Zhimin; Yang, Shutong; Zheng, Jianjun; Hu, Xiaozhi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Property:Incentive/TotalFund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

228 million annually<br > RDandD: 62.5 million annually<br > Beginning 2005, natural gas subaccount baseline funding of 12 million with increase of up to 3 million...

157

Introduction On the Fault Resilience Metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fl´avia Maristela2, Ver^onica Lima3 gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba.edu.br, cadena@ufba.br 1Department of Computer Science ­ Distributed Systems Lab (UFBA) 2Department Technology in Electro-electronics (IFBA) 3 and Real-time Systems George Lima, Fl´avia Maristela, Ver^onica Lima gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba

Lipari, Giuseppe

158

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Extremal Noneven Chjan C. Lim and Gregory K. Van Patten  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, B.R. Shader, Nonsingular Sign Patterns and the Conversion of the Per­ manent into the Determinant

Lim, Chjan C.

159

The New Steel Conference Speaker: D. Furdek  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Boeing Research and Technology (BR&T). Dave's group spans three sites including Seattle, St. Louis, and Huntington Beach ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

160

IM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anterior end blunt, flattened curve (Br, Fig. 15. D), posterior dorsal margin angular (Ang, Fig. 15. D), no ridges evident ......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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161

Microsoft Word - Annual Report 2010 Master_Nov22_2011.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Reserve Petroleum Reserve Annual Report for Calendar Year 2010 Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Office of Petroleum Reserves U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Strategic Petroleum Reserve: www.spr.doe.gov DOE/FE - 0545 Report to Congress November 2011 Degas Plant Strategic Petroleum Reserve Annual Report for Calendar Year 2010 | Page 1 Strategic Petroleum Reserve Annual Report for Calendar Year 2010 Report to Congress November 2011 U.S. Department of ENERGY United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Strategic Petroleum Reserve Annual Report for Calendar Year 2010 Strategic Petroleum Reserve Annual Report for Calendar Year 2010 | Page i Message from the Secretary Section 165 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6245), as amended, requires

162

Microsoft Word - NEAC Meeting Agenda for June 9th v2.DOC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renoir Room, 2 Renoir Room, 2 nd Floor Washington, D.C. 20024 June 9, 2009 8:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast NEAC members 9:00 a.m. Welcome and Opening Remarks Chairman Bill Martin and Shane Johnson, Acting Assistant Secretary NE 9:15 a.m. Under Secretary Kristina Johnson 9:35 a.m. NE's FY 2009 Budget and FY 2010 Shane Johnson Budget Request 10:30 a.m. Break 10:45 a.m. University Programs Marsha Lambregts and John Gilligan (INL) 11:45 a.m. Lunch Degas Room 12:45 p.m. Advanced Nuclear Transformation Burton Richter Technology report for approval 1:15 p.m. Pu-238 report John Ahearne, Mike Corridini, and Alice Caponiti 2:00 p.m. ATR Management Assistance Dennis Miotla, Deputy Assist. Secretary, NE Subcommittee

163

Microsoft Word - Final Agenda for NEAC Meeting 6-12-12  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Monet Ballroom, (2nd Floor) Monet Ballroom, (2nd Floor) Washington, DC 20024 June 12, 2012 8:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast NEAC members 9:00 a.m. Welcome and Opening Remarks Chairman Bill Martin and Dr. Pete Lyons, NE-1 9:15 a.m. Current Events, NE FY2013 Budget Dr. Pete Lyons, NE-1 9:45 a.m. Used Fuel Disposition R&D Monica Regalbuto 10:15 a.m. SMR Program Update Rebecca Smith-Kevern 10:45 a.m. Break 11:00 a.m. Accident Tolerant Fuels Frank Goldner 11:30 a.m. International Subcommittee Presentation Dr. Allen Sessoms, Subcommittee Chair 12:00 noon Lunch (NEAC members and Degas Room- 1 st Floor Presenters only) 1:00 p.m. Fuel Cycle Research and Development Report Dr. Burton Richter,

164

Global Collaboration in Clean Fossil Energy A Column from the Deputy Assistant Secretary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, Second Quarter, 2012 6, Second Quarter, 2012 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 Global Collaboration in Clean Fossil Energy A Column from the Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Affairs 3 Exchanging CO 2 for Methane An Update on Methane Hydrate Testing on Alaska's North Slope 4 McConnell Confirmed Charles McConnell Sworn in As 12th Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy in April 5 Hydrogen-Based Fuel Cells New Catalyst Technology Reduces Diesel Engine Idling 7 Petroleum Reserves Degas Program Ensures Crude Oil Always Ready for Use One of the world's fastest supercomputers will be installed at the National Energy Technology Laboratory this summer to help develop solutions to carbon capture, utilization and

165

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Temporal Geochemical Variations In Volatile Emissions From Mount St Helens, Usa, 1980-1994 Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Fumarole discharges (95-560°C) collected from the dacite dome inside Mount St. Helens crater show temporal changes in their isotopic and chemical compositions. A ΔD vs. Δ18O plot shows that condensed waters from the gases are mixtures of meteoric and magmatic components, but that the apparent magmatic end-member in 1994 was depleted by about 7‰ in ΔD relative to the apparent end-member in 1980. Based on ΔD modeling, approximately 63% of shallow, post-1980 magma has yet to degas.

166

CSChang.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tokamak Edge Physics Tokamak Edge Physics C.-S. Chang Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD 1. Project Description C.-S. Chang, PPPL and SciDAC EPSI (XGC family codes) X. Xu, LLNL (TEMPEST/COGENT and BOUT++) XGC1: Kinetic PIC (ODE) code in diverted geometry * Our present focus is in - Adding continuum technology into PIC method  Total-f - Electrostatic turbulence, background evolution, ions, electrons, neutral particles, impurity particles: Built-in DEGAS-2 - 3D perturbed magnetic field from XGC0 (XGCa) - Adding in electromagnetic micro-turbulence * By 2017 we expect to have - Full-scale gyrokinetic electromagnetic turbulence with both parity - Higher fidelity PMI data (in collaboration with SciDAC PWI)

167

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 31, 2012 October 31, 2012 CX-009509: Categorical Exclusion Determination Power Monitoring, Communication and Control Upgrade at Bryan Mound Degas Plant (Install) CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 10/31/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office October 30, 2012 CX-009510: Categorical Exclusion Determination Strategic Petroleum Reserve Emergency Pipeline and Piping Repair, 2013-2017 CX(s) Applied: B5.4 Date: 10/30/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office October 2, 2012 CX-009216: Categorical Exclusion Determination ADAS System Life Cycle Support, 2012-2015 CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 10/02/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office September 24, 2012 CX-009217: Categorical Exclusion Determination

168

Comparative study of two chromatographic columns used in the GLC determination of methylmercury  

SciTech Connect

A large effort has gone into finding an adequate analytical method for the determinations of methylmercury. Various stationary phases in GC determination have been tested. It was obvious with every method that the stationary phase had to be saturated to give a stable response without tailing the peaks or walking the retention time. To accomplish this several authors have reported treatments which included the injection of the solutions containing inorganic or organic mercuric chloride metoxyethylmercuric iodide, or large amount of potassium iodide. The authors report here a simple and efficient way to obtain satisfactory stable response from the chromatographic column based on the use of 10% diethyleneglycol adipate (DEGA) and 3% polyethyleneglycol (Carbowax 20 M).

Najdek, M.; Bazulic, D.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Tensile tests of niobium material for SRF cavities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mechanical tests of cavity-grade niobium samples were conducted to provide engineering information for the certification of 3rd-harmonic superconducting radio-frequency cavities and cryomodules. Large changes of mechanical properties occur throughout the cavity fabrication process due to the cold work introduced by forming, the heating introduced by electron beam welding, and the recovery of cold work during the anneal used to degas hydrogen after chemical processing. Data is provided here to show the different properties at various stages of fabrication, including both weld regions and samples from the bulk niobium far away from the weld. Measurements of RRR were used to assure that any contamination during annealing was negligible.

Wu, G.; Dhanaraj, N.; Cooley, L.; Hicks, D.; Hahn, E.; Burk, D.; Muranyi, W.; Foley, N.; Edwards, H.; Harms, E.; Champion, M.; /Fermilab /Michigan State U.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Analysis of Neutral Transport in the GAMMA10 Anchor-Cell Using H{alpha}-Emission Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The neutral transport was studied in the anchor cell. The H{alpha} line intensities were measured by using axially aligned H{alpha} detectors. It was found that the intensity is considerably dependent on ECRH and GP 3,4. A 5ch H{alpha} detector was newly installed in the outer-transition region of the anchor-cell. From the measurement of the spatial distributions, the vertical intensity profile is estimated to be about 2.5 cm on the half width half maximum, while the horizontal distribution shows roughly flat around Z=-670 cm. The above characteristics were discussed with aid of neutral transport simulation using DEGAS Monte-Carlo Code.

Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

EIA Data: 2008 International Coal Reserves This simple table...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shown<br> NA Not available <br> W Data withheld to avoid disclosure <br> F Forecast

2011-03-21T18:41:11Z 2011-08-04T17:31:17Z I accessed this dataset from a...

172

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Electrochemical series, alphabetic...Bi 2 O 4 +4H + +2 e - ?? 2BiO + +2H 2 O 1.59 BiO + +2H + +3 e - ?? Bi+H 2 O 0.32 BiOCl+2H + +3 e - ?? Bi+Cl - +H 2 O 0.1583 BiOOH+H 2 O+3 e - ?? Bi+3OH - -0.46 Br 2 (aq)+2 e - ?? 2Br - 1.087 Br 2 (l)+2 e - ?? 2Br - 1.065 HBrO+H + + e - ?? Br 2 +H 2 O 1.59 HBrO+H + +2 e - ?? Br - +H 2 O 1.33 2HBrO+2H +...

173

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

174

Multiobjective Optimization of Finite Queueing Networks F. R. B. Cruz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: fcruz@est.ufmg.br A. R. Duarte@iceb.ufop.br N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089, Montes Claros, MG E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Abstract:We aim at studying a multi

Cruz, Frederico

175

FACULTY OF HUMANITIES DEAN: PROFESSOR T KUPE BA Hons MA (Zimbabwe) PhD (University of Oslo)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci, in Rifting in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African

Wagner, Stephan

176

Photochemistry of Methyl Bromide on the ?-Cr2O3(0001) Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photochemical properties of the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface were explored using methyl bromide (CH3Br) as a probe molecule. CH3Br adsorbed and desorbed molecularly from the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface without detectable thermal decomposition. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) revealed a CH3Br desorption state at 240 K for coverages up to 0.5 ML, followed by more weakly bound molecules desorbing at 175 K for coverages up to 1 ML. Multilayer exposures led to desorption at ~130 K. The CH3Br sticking coefficient was unity at 105 K for coverages up to monolayer saturation, but decreased as the multilayer formed. In contrast, pre-oxidation of the surface (using an oxygen plasma source) led to capping of surface Cr3+ sites and near complete removal of CH3Br TPD states above 150 K. The photochemistry of chemisorbed CH3Br was explored on the Cr-terminated surface using post-irradiation TPD and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). Irradiation of adsorbed CH3Br with broad band light from a Hg arc lamp resulted in both photodesorption and photodecomposition of the parent molecule at a combined cross section of ~10-22 cm2. Parent PSD was indicative of molecular photodesorption, but CH3 was also detected in PSD and Br atoms were left on the surface, both reflective of photo-induced CH3-Br bond dissociation. Use of a 385 nm cut-off filter effectively shut down the photodissociation pathway but not the parent molecule photodesorption process. From these observations it is inferred that d-to-d transitions in ?-Cr2O3, occurring at photon energies <3 eV, are not responsible for photodecomposition of 2 adsorbed CH3Br. It is unclear to what extent band-to-band versus direct CH3Br photolysis play in CH3-Br bond dissociation initiated by more energetic photons.

Henderson, Michael A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

177

Apparatus and method for downhole injection of radioactive tracer  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to downhole injection of radioactive .sup.82 Br and monitoring its progress through fractured structure to determine the nature thereof. An ampule containing granular .sup.82 Br is remotely crushed and water is repeatedly flushed through it to cleanse the instrument as well as inject the .sup.82 Br into surrounding fractured strata. A sensor in a remote borehole reads progress of the radioactive material through fractured structure.

Potter, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Archuleta, Jacobo R. (Espanola, NM); Fink, Conrad F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Power Marketing - Sierra Nevada Region - Western Area Power Administra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help Environment News in SNR Power Marketing Customer Representatives BR and CVP Forecasts Contracts Rates RA Capacity Scheduling & Resources Senate Bill 1305 2015 Resource...

179

New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 26, 2001 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs. Isabel Rosseti ( rosseti ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br) Marcus Poggi de Arago (poggi...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

182

Doc...~En.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

... ..,,..,.... - .. I&i3:scD .::-:, TO-340 .":: ..' . - ' - -. ' . .." ,.. .;.. Very traly yours;, -' .X :, Doc...En. ' Br.:Re&ng ';;a' : , Div. Reading File ., ,, ., ,.-...

183

Guide to Bluetooth Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... basis and is not subject to copyright in the United States. ... 2.1.2 Low Energy ... Bluetooth BR/EDR) include lower power consumption, reduced memory ...

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

184

EIA Table E.1C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA - - Table Posted: December 19, 2008

185

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 6.1 World Net Conventional Thermal Electricity Generation ...

186

[2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... E.2 World Petroleum Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 Energy Information Administration

187

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww--Energy Information Administration Table Notes and Sources ...

188

national total  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA--Table Posted: December 8, ...

189

Journal of Research Volume 63D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of absolute intensities of [OI] 5577 in the auroral and subauroral zones, p. 19 ... Radio-refractive-index climate near the ground, p. 259 Bean, BR ; Horn ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

190

AEO2011: Liquid Fuels Supply and Disposition

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dataset uses million barrels per day. The data is broken down into crude oil, other petroleum supply, other non petroleum supply and liquid fuel consumption.<br>...

191

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 11230 of 15,317 results. Article Department of Energy Advances Commercialization of Climate Change Technology Secretary Bodman Announces 100 Million to Move<br>Carbon...

192

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT, 1977  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the LiBr-H20 absorption chillers most commonly used, theat LBL are advanced absorption chillers whose COP increasesfired, ammonia- water absorption chiller. The modifications

Budnitz, R.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Designing Arithmetic Digital Circuits via Rewriting-Logic Mauricio Ayala-Rincon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@unb.br. ¶Departamento de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade de Bras´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil. llanos

Hartenstein, Reiner

194

O R N L/Sub-80/24706/ 1 Phase II Brayton/Rankine 10-Ton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

195

Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 00(0):000000 (2001) 1064-3389/01/$.50  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Alvarez, Pedro J.

196

Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 18, 2008 ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning. Grgory Emiel (gemiel ***at*** impa.br) Claudia Sagastizbal (sagastiz...

197

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):<br>Relative Humidity at 10 m...

198

Optimization Online - A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 21, 2007 ... A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem. Artur Pessoa (artur ***at*** producao.uff.br)

199

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

200

Glossary Term - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Previous Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuterium) Deuterium Cyclotron A cyclotron is a device used to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Noneven Digraphs With the most number M(n) of arcs and M(n) -1 arcs.*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of * *Celestial Mechanics, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 115:153-165 (1991) [2] R.A. Brualdi, B.R. Shader

Lim, Chjan C.

202

A Newton's method for the continuous quadratic knapsack problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

br/~pjssilva/research/quadratic_knapsack_source.zip. The programs ..... appeared first as the BLGnapsack subroutine in the BLG code from Gonzalez-. Lima...

203

Enhanced differentiation of retinal progenitor cells using microfabricated topographical cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004b; Meyer et al. 2006; Canola et al. 2007; Klassen et al.Br J Ophthalmol 90(12), K. Canola, B. Angenieux et al. ,

Steedman, Mark R.; Tao, Sarah L.; Klassen, Henry; Desai, Tejal A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Extinguishment of Cup Burner Flames of Propane and the Aerosol Can Simulator Fuel by CF3Br and C2HF5. Published: April 24, 2012. ...

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

205

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.<br>...

206

Light Meson Spectroscopy with the Kloe Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the status of the analyses in progress on light meson spectroscopy in the KLOE experiment. We present the analyses of phi decays into f0(980)gamma and a0(980)gamma, the Dalitz plot analysis of the eta to pie+ pie- pie0 decay, the branching ratio measurement of eta to pie0 gamma gamma, the upper limits on Br(eta to 3 gamma) and Br(eta to pie^+ pie^-), the measurement of the ratio Br(phi to eta' gamma)/Br(phi to eta gamma) and phi leptonic width measurements.

The KLOE collaboration; B. Di Micco

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY

(Abstract):Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America<br> <...

208

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Morello NMMSS_2013_Presentation_Morello...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and NUREG BR-0007 both state in their respective Regulatory Authority sections that DOENRC Forms (741742742C) are required for quantities of SNM 1 gram or more of...

209

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Southwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

210

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Reliability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

211

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Western...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

212

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Northeast...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

213

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

214

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

215

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Florida...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

216

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - United States...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

217

ASEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

218

1 NUMERICAL MODELING OF COUNTERFLOW DIFFUSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the inhibition, and a new cycle involving FeOOH ... on Counterflow Combustion of Liquid Fuel with Diluted ... Flames of Hydrocarbon Fuels With CF3Br ...

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Balance and Market Data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electricity. Included here are three datasets: electricity energy balance (2005 - 2009), electricity market snapshot (2009), and market competition statistics (2004 - 2009).<br>...

220

Wrought TiAl Blades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First forged blades have been HPC blades of the Rolls-Royce BR715 engine from Gamma-TAB. The following evolution step was HPC blades for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NREL GIS Data: Continental United States Photovoltaic Low Resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain. <br> Further information can...

222

Annual Electricity Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (billion kilowatthours). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA).<br>...

223

The Study of Heat and Mass Transfer In The Generator For an Absorption Air Conditioning System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is aimed to study the heat and mass transfer performance of a generator for the absorption cooling system. Both aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr) (more)

Hsu, Yu-lien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Textural Development of AA 5754 Sheet Deformed under In ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... summed over all texture components including the ... measured volume fraction of each texture component. ... the volume) and rBR (symmetric in RD ...

2013-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

John Butler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. Butler , JM., McCord, BR, Jung, JM, Wilson , MR, Budowle, B., Allen, RO (1994) Quantitation of PCR products by capillary electrophoresis using ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

226

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic aerosols and their optical and chemical characteristics. Fabrication and laboratory testing...

227

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geothermal Salak, Jakarta 10270, Indonesia 2. Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston TX 77002, USA e, he assumed a steady-state radial flow inside the acid bank and the pressure response can be expressed from Darcy's law as: +=- s wr br kh qB rpwfp ln 2.141 µ , (1) where br is the acid bank radius

Stanford University

229

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 1000610009, August 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has industrial sources (primarily natural gas leaks of thermogenic origin), as well as a number of methyl bromide (CH3Br), an ozone-depleting gas, is highly uncertain, because it has complex sources. This result suggests that industrial CH3Br is isotopically distinct and that the carbon isotopic composition

Goldstein, Allen

230

Glaser, UMC, Chem210 Notes FS97, 1997 --1 --C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- Preparation (a) Pyrolysis of Methane (Industrial only) 2 methane ---(1200oC, steam)---> HCCH + 3 H2 (b makes the acetylide anion and the acetylene is reformed by hydrolysis. R R C C R C H C- Na+ R C C Br Br

Glaser, Rainer

231

SC Jobs  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

232

Budget  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

233

A robust, fully adaptive hybrid level-set/front-tracking method for two-phase flows with an accurate surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-SP, Brasil. 3 Faculdade de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade Federal de Uberl^andia, CEP 38400- 902, Uberl.D. Ceniceros), roma@ime.usp.br (A.M. Roma), aristeus@mecanica.ufu.br (A. Silveira-Neto), mmvillar@mecanica

Ceniceros, Hector D.

234

Powdery mildew control on pumpkin and zucchini with organic and synthetic fungicides: 2010 field trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEM 17 + Dyneamic alt Quintec Flag color W Y Pu/K P/Br S Pu Application interval (days) None Application rate (oil, .5% + OE444, 0.5% K/W Pu/B Pu/G O/G O Pu/W G Br O/K

Bay, Ian S.; Eynard, James; Gubler, W D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A cultural knowledge-based method to support the formation of homophilous online communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a three-step method to identify people in social networks sites (SNS) who are talking about the same topics, even though they may be from different cultural backgrounds. Our method uses a cultural knowledge base from the OMCS-Br project to ... Keywords: OMCS-Br, cultural translation, homophily, online communities, people with similarities

Junia C. Anacleto; Fernando C. Balbino; Gilberto Astolfi; Sidney Fels; Andre O. Bueno

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Taxonomy of C-systems ···· WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO?O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

237

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 A Taxonomy of C-systems · WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO?O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

238

Fuzzy control for nuclear reactor operation -- strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessment of four real fuzzy control applications at the MIT research reactor in the US, the FUGEN heavy water reactor in Japan, the BR1 research reactor in Belgium, and a TRIGA Mark III reactor in Mexico will be analyzed through an analysis of strengths, ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Br1 Reactor, Fuzzy Control, Reactor Operation, Triga Mark Iii Reactor

Da Ruan; Jorge S. Bentez-Read

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Particle balance in a TFTR supershot  

SciTech Connect

Particle balance in a TFTR supershot is studied self-consistently. The TRANSP analysis code is used to model plasma parameters within the last closed flux surface, deriving time-dependent plasma profiles from measurements. The poloidal flux surfaces are derived using TRANSP and an equivalent-filament analysis code which distributes axisymmetric currents to match measurements of the poloidal field and flux and the total plasma current. The plasma in the edge and scrape off regions are modeled during a relatively steady state phase of the neutral beam injection using the B2 code which calculates plasma profiles in 2 dimensions. The recycled hydrogenic neutrals from the limiter are modeled with the DEGAS neutrals code. The recycling rates within the last closed flux surface are input into TRANSP. The edge and scrape off modeling results are compared with those from TRANSP in the main plasma and with measurements of the D{sub {alpha}} emission and thermocouple measurements of temperature increases in the inner limiter. The recycling coefficients at the last closed flux surface and at the limiter are discussed.

Budny, R.V.; Coster, D.; Stotler, D.; Bell, M.G.; Janos, A.C.; Owens, D.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Degassing a vacuum system with in-situ UV radiation  

SciTech Connect

Photon-stimulated desorption (PSD) from a high-powered ultraviolet source was investigated as a technique to degas a vacuum system. A stainless steel vacuum system was pumped down from atmosphere with different time doses of 185 nm light, and the resulting outgassing rates were compared to that of a control pumpdown without UV assistance. PSD was found to provide a factor of 2 advantage in pumpdown pressure after only 30 min of UV exposure, with no additional advantage observed for longer irradiation times. Specifically, an outgassing rate of 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} Torr L s{sup -1} cm{sup -2} was reached 3 h sooner in pumpdowns with UV assistance compared to those without UV, while a rate of 1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} Torr L s{sup -1} cm{sup -2} was reached 16 h sooner in UV runs. The authors calculated that about 22 monolayers of water were desorbed after 30 min of UV exposure. The results indicate that PSD by a 40 W 185 nm UV source can serve as a nonthermal technique to significantly speed the pumpdown of a vacuum system from atmosphere after only 30 min.

Koebley, Sean R.; Outlaw, Ronald A.; Dellwo, Randy R. [College of William and Mary, Department of Applied Science, 325 McGlothlin Street Hall, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 (United States); RBD Instruments, 2437 Northeast Twin Knolls Drive, Bend, Oregon 97701 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Determination of free CO2 in emergent groundwaters using a commercial beverage carbonation meter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dissolved CO{sub 2} in groundwater is frequently supersaturated relative to its equilibrium with atmospheric partial pressure and will degas when it is conveyed to the surface. Estimates of dissolved CO{sub 2} concentrations can vary widely between different hydrochemical facies because they have different sources of error (e.g., rapid degassing, low alkalinity, non-carbonate alkalinity). We sampled 60 natural spring and mine waters using a beverage industry carbonation meter, which measures dissolved CO{sub 2} based on temperature and pressure changes as the sample volume is expanded. Using a modified field protocol, the meter was found to be highly accurate in the range 0.235 mMCO{sub 2}. The meter provided rapid, accurate and precise measurements of dissolved CO{sub 2} in natural waters for a range of hydrochemical facies. Dissolved CO{sub 2} concentrations measured in the field with the carbonation meter were similar to CO{sub 2} determined using the pH-alkalinity approach, but provided immediate results and avoided errors from alkalinity and pH determination. The portability and ease of use of the carbonation meter in the field made it well-suited to sampling in difficult terrain. The carbonation meter has proven useful in the study of aquatic systems where CO{sub 2} degassing drives geochemical changes that result in surficial mineral precipitation and deposition, such as tufa, travertine and mine drainage deposits.

Vesper, Dorothy J.; Edenborn, Harry M.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

Assessment of the Poloidal Distribution of Core Plasma Fueling and Impurity Sources in DIII-D  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measurements and modeling of the 2D poloidal D{sub {alpha}} intensity distribution in DIII-D low density L-mode and medium density ELMy H-mode plasmas indicate that the core plasma is predominately fueled near the divertor x-point region. The neutral hydrogen and ion carbon emission were measured in the divertor and inner main chamber scrape-off layer (SOL) using a plasma imaging technique, covering 85% of the poloidal cross-section. Typically, the peak emission in the inner main SOL at the tokamak midplane was three orders of magnitude lower than in the divertor. For discharges with the ion Bx{del}B drift direction toward the lower divertor the UEDGE/DEGAS codes predict strong core plasma fueling from the significantly higher density and lower temperature plasma calculated in the inner divertor leg. The concomitant carbon ion flow reversal in the inner divertor leg enhances the leakage of carbon from the divertor into the main SOL, and hence into the core.

Groth, M; Owen, L; Porter, G; Brooks, N; Fenstermacher, M; Meyer, W; Leonard, A; Petrie, T; Rudakov, D; Wang, G; Watkins, J; Wolf, N

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

243

H/sub. cap alpha. / studies on TFTR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission is a useful indicator of hydrogen ionization since the energy required to excite hydrogen to the n = 3 level is approximately the same as to ionize the hydrogen atom. Other aspects of recycling, such as plasma scrape-off parameters, wall particle fluxes, and wall retention rates can be inferred from spatial distributions of H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission. There are two H/sub ..cap alpha../ diagnostics on TFTF observing the inner limiter: a relatively calibrated wide-angle TV camera, and the absolutely calibrated HAIFA diagnostic, both viewing the inner limiter. H/sub ..cap alpha../ observations by these instruments have been analyzed using the DEGAS neutral transport code. The core recycling rate, and ion and neutral particle limiter fluxes, have been deduced from the calculations. The results are very sensitive to the ion flux distribution, and therefore also provide information on the plasma scrape-off conditions. A survey was made of over 500 TFTR discharges. H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission appears to increase in proportion to /bar n//sub e//sup 2/. The ratio of core ionization to average H/sub ..cap alpha../ emission was calculated to be roughly constant over a large range of discharges. 9 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Heifetz, D.B.; Ehrhardt, A.B.; Ramsey, A.T.; Dylla, H.F.; Budny, R.; McNeill, D.; Medley, S.; Ulrickson, M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Neutral Beam Injection Experiments and Related Behavior of Neutral Particles in the GAMMA 10 Tandem Mirror  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of neutral beam injection (NBI) experiments in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror plasmas are presented together with the neutral particle behavior observed in the experiments. A hydrogen neural beam was injected into the hot-ion-mode plasmas by using the injector installed in the central-cell for the plasma heating and fueling. High-energy ions produced by NBI were observed and its energy distribution was measured for the first time with a neutral particle analyzer installed in the central-cell. The temporal and spatial behavior of hydrogen was observed with axially aligned H{sub {alpha}} detectors installed from the central midplane to anchor-cell. Enhancement of hydrogen recycling due to the beam injection and the cause of the observed decrease in plasma diamagnetism are discussed. The Monte-Carlo code DEGAS for neutral transport simulation was applied to the GAMMA 10 central-cell and a 3-dimensional simulation was performed in the NBI experiment. Localization of neutral particle during the beam injection is investigated based on the simulation and it was found that the increased recycling due to the beam injection was dominant near the injection port.

Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Watanabe, K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ogita, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science(Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Replacing chemicals in recycle mills with mechanical alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high-intensity spark fired underwater decomposes a small amount of the water into hydroxyl radicals, which are strong oxidants. These are able to oxidize contaminants such as glue and wood pitch that enter paper recycling mills as a part of the incoming furnish and cost the industry several hundred million dollars. The sparking technique is safe, inexpensive, and is capable of treating large volumes of water, which makes it attractive for mill applications. Several mill trials were run. Sparking caused a decrease in the tack of the deposits in one case. Lower bleach use occurred in two other mills; sparking reduced the degree of ink reattachment to fiber. The payback for either application is attractive. Sparking induced deposition of contaminants in another mill, which is a positive development--if it can be controlled. The technique is also able to degas water and to oxidize odor-causing sulfur compounds. Although one unit has been purchased by a mill, second-order effects caused by the technology needs to be defined further before the technology can be broadly applied.

Institute of Paper Science Technology

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

247

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

248

U  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NUREG/BR-0006 & 0007 For Public Comment In the March 21, 2007 Federal Register (electronic link) the NRC publicized proposed revisions to NUREG/BR- 0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 for public comment. Following is a repeat of some of the information contained in this Federal Register. "The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is proposing revisions to NUREG/BR-0006, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Transaction Reports, and NUREG/BR-0007, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Status Reports. The purpose of these revisions are to incorporate (1) proposed rule changes for nuclear material reporting requirements, (2) upgrades to the Nuclear Material Management and Safeguards System, and (3) editorial changes. The NRC is

249

Experimental and theoretical study of flame inhibition by bromine-containing compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present paper represents the first effort to date in which a combined experimental and theoretical approach has been used to study the effects of several inhibitors on hydrocarbon-air flames. This work is part of an attempt to build a consistent picture of chemical kinetic flame inhibition, beginning with a simple halogen molecule such as HBr and progressing sequentially towards more complex and more practical inhibitors such as CF/sub 3/Br. Inhibition efficiency can be defined as the rate of flame speed reduction, the amount of flame speed change per unit inhibitor added. Both the numerical model and the flame tube measurements found that the inhibition efficiency gradually decreases as the amount of inhibitor is increased. The present experimental and modeling results are shown, together with earlier data for CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-C/sub 3/H/sub 8/-air as well as HBr-CH/sub 4/-air, CH/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air. In the numerical study it was found that a stoichiometric methane-air mixture with up to 8% methyl bromide could support a flame, propagating at a speed of about 5 cm/sec, even though the addition of the first 1% of CH/sub 3/Br had reduced the flame speed from 38 cm/sec to about 26 cm/sec. Extensions of the model to include CF/sub 3/Br are currently under development. The available experimental data suggest that CF/sub 3/Br is somewhat more efficient as an inhibitor than HBr or CH/sub 3/Br.

Westbrook, C.K.; Beason, D.G.; Alvares, N.J.

1981-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

250

Tumor Response and Apoptosis of N1-S1 Rodent Hepatomas in Response to Intra-arterial and Intravenous Benzamide Riboside  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Benzamide riboside (BR) induces tumor apoptosis in multiple cell lines and animals. This pilot study compares apoptosis and tumor response in rat hepatomas treated with hepatic arterial BR (IA) or intravenous (IV) BR. Methods: A total of 10{sup 6} N1-S1 cells were placed in the left hepatic lobes of 15 Sprague-Dawley rats. After 2 weeks, BR (20 mg/kg) was infused IA (n = 5) or IV (n = 5). One animal in each group was excluded for technical factors, which prevented a full dose administration (1 IA and 1 IV). Five rats received saline (3 IA and 2 IV). Animals were killed after 3 weeks. Tumor volumes after IA and IV treatments were analyzed by Wilcoxon rank sum test. The percentage of tumor and normal liver apoptosis was counted by using 10 fields of TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling)-stained slides at 40 Multiplication-Sign magnification. The percentage of apoptosis was compared between IV and IA administrations and with saline sham-treated rats by the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Tumors were smaller after IA treatment, but this did not reach statistical significance (0.14 IA vs. 0.57 IV; P = 0.138). There was much variability in percentage of apoptosis and no significant difference between IA and IV BR (44.49 vs. 1.52%; P = 0.18); IA BR and saline (44.49 vs. 33.83%; P = 0.66); or IV BR and saline (1.52 vs. 193%; P = 0.18). Conclusions: Although differences in tumor volumes did not reach statistical significance, there was a trend toward smaller tumors after IA BR than IV BR in this small pilot study. Comparisons of these treatment methods will require a larger sample size and repeat experimentation.

McLennan, Gordon, E-mail: gmclenna@me.com; Bennett, Stacy L. [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Ju, Shenghong [Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Department of Radiology (China); Babsky, Andriy; Bansal, Navin; Shorten, Michelle L. [Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (United States); Levitin, Seth [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Bonnac, Laurent; Panciewicz, Krystoff W. [University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design (United States); Jayaram, Hiramagular N. [Indiana University and Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Department of Biochemistry (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Potential influence of iodine-containing compounds on the chemistry of the troposphere in the polar spring. I. Ozone depletion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iodine in the atmosphere, identified largely by the presence of IO, is a ubiquitous component of the troposphere in coastal and oceanic areas. The role, if any, that iodine chemistry plays in the polar ozone depletion episodes is not known. These events are rationalized today largely in terms of Br2- and BrCl-initiated reactions. The potential for enhancement of ozone depletions through the presence of iodine-containing molecules (I{sub 2}, IBr, ICl, CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, CH{sub 2}IBr, CH{sub 2}ICl, and CH{sub 3}I) is investigated in this study. Computer simulations of the homogeneous chemistry are made using a reasonably complete reaction mechanism for Br-, Cl- and I-containing species together with representative chemistry of trace gases in the clean troposphere. The extent of uncertain alternative pathways and efficiencies for OIO and I{sub 2}O{sub 2} photolyses are varied over a range of possible values to establish the sensitivity of the depletion events to these variables. The study shows that significant enhancements of the polar ozone depletion are expected when small amounts of iodine-containing compounds such as CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, IBr, or ICl are present in a polar air mass containing representative Br{sub 2}-BrCl-trace gas mixtures. The synergistic effect of the iodine compounds results from additional halogen-atom formation from IO-IO, IO-BrO, and IO-ClO reactions. Measurements of IO and precursor iodine-containing compounds are encouraged for future polar spring studies, as well as currently acknowledged important trace species (O{sub 3}, CH{sub 2}O, BrO, Br{sub 2}, and BrCl).

Calvert, Jack G [ORNL; Lindberg, Steven Eric [ORNL

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Comparison of the Distributions of Bromine, Lead and Zinc in Tooth and Bone from an Ancient Peruvian Burial site by X-ray Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron micro X-ray fluorescence was used to study the distribution of selected trace elements (Zn, Pb, and Br) in tooth and bone samples obtained from an individual from a pre-Columbian archaeological site (Cabur) located on the north coast of Peru. The results show that Zn, Pb, and Br are present in both the teeth and bone samples and that the Zn and Pb seem to be confined to similar regions (cementum and periostium), while Br shows a novel distribution with enrichment close to the Haversian canals and (or) in regions that appear to be Ca deficient.

Martin,R.; Naftel, S.; Nelson, A.; Sapp, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Global Energy & Mining Data, World Bank (1970 - 2007)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the following contents:<br>

  • Alternative and Nuclear Energy: Percentage of Total Energy Use
  • Combustible Renewables and Waste: Metric Tons of Oil...

254

Exp Astron (2012) 33:529585 DOI 10.1007/s10686-011-9252-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

Wieczorek, Mark

255

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating capacity information for low temperature direct use geothermal facilities by state.<br> 2010-08-10T17:02:22Z...

256

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

257

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br> The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

258

South America Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

259

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. <br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

260

South America Diffuse SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

262

blog  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

files from Franklin scratch file systems

  • Mon Apr 30, 23:59: User logins are disabled
    • <br>If you need help or have any concerns, please contact "consult at...

  • 263

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe with a 0.05M 2-inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe, with a 0.05M 2-Evaporator c Condenser Br Brass adia Adiabatic in input cold

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    264

    Optimization Online - Robust mid-term power generation management  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Robust mid-term power generation management. Vincent Guigues(vguigues *** at*** puc-rio.br) Ren Aid(rene.aid ***at*** edf.fr) Papa Momar...

    265

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 4.1 World Natural Gas Production, 2001 ...

    266

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 1.4 World Coal Consumption, 1980-2007 (Million Short Tons) - - NA

    267

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... 6.4 World Electricity Installed Capacity by Type, January 1, 2006 Conventional

    268

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... Table 6.2 World Total Net Electricity Consumption, 1980-2006 (Billion ...

    269

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... H.2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum, 1980-2006

    270

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 2.5 World Coal Production, 1980-2007 ...

    271

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... Table 8.2 World Estimated Recoverable Coal (Million Short Tons)

    272

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products, 2004

    273

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 1.3 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2006 Table Notes ...

    274

    3190.ps  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ?F. W. Kong(fk07@doc.ic.ac.uk), B. Rustem(br@doc.ic.ac.uk). Department ... subscribes to the subjectivist Bayesian view of the world that assumes every player.

    275

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - F.1 World Primary Energy Production (Btu ...

    276

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.2 World Output of Refined Petroleum ...

    277

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... H.1gco2 World Carbon Intensity--World Carbon Dioxide ...

    278

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves ...

    279

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... E.6 World Net Nuclear Electric Power Consumption (Btu), 1980 ...

    280

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum ...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    281

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - G.2 World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, ...

    282

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.5 World Coal Production (Btu ...

    283

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products ...

    284

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 3.1 World Petroleum Supply and ...

    285

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

    286

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.6 World Crude Oil Refining Capacity ...

    287

    Confidence Intervals for the Hyperparameters in Structural Models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Horizonte - MG, Brazil E-mail: {glauraf,thiagors,jujujar,fcruz}@ufmg.br November. The performance of this procedure is empirically obtained through Monte Carlo simulations implemented in Ox. Asymp

    Cruz, Frederico

    288

    hal-00194169,version1-5Dec2007 Log-average periodogram estimator of the  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. e-mail: glaura@est.ufmg.br Abstract averaged over epochs. The proposed estimator is theoretically justified and empirical Monte Carlo

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    289

    Congested Emergency Evacuation of a Population Using a Finite Automata Approach  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: {duczmal,fcruz}@est.ufmg.br Abstract: In this paper, including Monte Carlo simulations (Kirchner & Schadschneider, 2002a; Smith et al., 2009; Guo & Tang, 2012

    Cruz, Frederico

    290

    AEO2011: Oil and Gas End-of-Year Reserves and Annual Reserve...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is table 134, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas.<br>

    291

    Questions and Answers - Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    if it has no uses?) What makes hassium an<br>element if it has no uses? Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37 two different elements? Chlorine-35 and chlorine-37 are not...

    292

    b097.dvi  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    REFID31680 KELLY 78 HUPD-7813 44 R.L. Kelly (LBL) Meeting on Exotic Resonances, Hiroshima. REFID31679 MARTIN 76 Oxford Conf. 409 B.R. Martin (LOUC) Rapporteur talk....

    293

    Property:Incentive/IncAmt | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IncAmt" Showing 1 page using this property. I Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate (Missouri) + Air Conditioners: 137 - 260, varies by unit size<br...

    294

    TRACY, A IDOL FOR ACCELERATOR DESIGN AND ANALYSIS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Program File ---- progrRm COD(ALSI2.1ot);-- ign latticeitBUMp(O.2,O.1); ( inil COD correction mutine 1 SetCODparm(motion Distribution of COD rms before correction IIrlBr

    Nishimura, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    295

    451.ps - Optimization Online  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    E-mail address, C.C. Ribeiro: celso@inf.puc-rio.br. (F. Glover) Leeds School of Business, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder,. CO 80309-0419, United...

    296

    FOR SALE  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    trailer, life jackets, rod holders. Asking 7,000 (2k under book price). Call Tom McKinsey (630) 906-9653. s House, Warrenville, near Batavia Rd gate, bike to work, 7 rm, 3 br,...

    297

    Glossary Term - Vanadis  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Van de Graaff Generator Previous Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds<br>in the...

    298

    Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Vanadis Previous Term (Vanadis) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Elements<br>in the Earth's Crust 10 Most Abundant...

    299

    careInlorlladon Infrastructure:  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... BrInging HeaithcG1eOnline: Th~ Rot. of infotmotIon Technologiu, OTA-rrc-624, USGovernment PrInting Office. Washington. Dc.1995.) ...

    2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    300

    National Aeronautics and Space ...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    30-Year Mean Monthly Climatology 1961-1990 (New et al.) * Stratospheric Chemistry Ozone, CIO, BrO, OH, trace gases LaRC ASDC http:eosweb.larc.nasa.gov SAGE III L2 Solar Event...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    301

    10 September 1999 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 310 1999 485494  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of multiple sets of data to the polyno- mial: ?sAqBr qCr2 qDr3 qEr4 , 3Z .r r r r with r srrrr c ZThe widths

    Maroncelli, Mark

    302

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:55:10Z...

    303

    AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Western Electricity  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption.<br> 2011-07-25T20:15:39Z...

    304

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; rjan Gustafsson

    305

    Energy Technology Cost and Performance Data

    This data indicates...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy and other technologies. The estimates are shown in dollars per installed kilowatts of generating capacity.

    <br>

    This data provides a compilation of...

    306

    Previous Session  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... AlPO4, Fe PO4, SnBr4), and hydroxides (ice, Ca(OH)2, Co(OH)2). In these materials, the crystal transforms polymorphically to a higher density glassy phase

    307

    Questions and Answers - How many electrons fit in each shell...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    are electrons so far<br>away from the nucleus? Previous Question (Why are electrons so far away from the nucleus?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (How are electrons...

    308

    Fusion Materials  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Mar 6, 2013 ... Base metal and weld metal of NIFS-HEAT-2, a reference high-purity V-4Cr-4Ti alloy, were irradiated in JMTR, JOYO, HFIR and BR-II reactor up...

    309

    The Opossum  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    spread northward as far as central Wisconsin and Michigan, southern Ontario and Vermont. Br'er Possum is a queer beast. He is a living fossil. Near the end of the Age of...

    310

    DOE Recovery Act Awardees The data contained within the .xls...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    be updated weekly by the DOE. <br> 2010-12-16T22:30:08Z 2011-01-03T16:54:34Z http:www.energy.govrecoverydocumentsrecoveryactfunding.xls I accessed this dataset from a public...

    311

    Questions and Answers - Why does rubbing plastic and wool together...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    the word atom come<br>from and who first used this word? Why does rubbing plastic and wool together create electricity? In the more technical writings, this phenomenon is called...

    312

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    313

    AEO2011: Electricity Generation by Electricity Market Module...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    314

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Q ? Al in the heat transfer process and the relation betweenv and Q ? Br in the heat transfer process, and the relationan internal cavity. This heat transfer process for the heat

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    315

    C:\\My Documents\\FORMS\\DOE F 4200.41.cdr  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    PROCUREMENT AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 4. B&R NO. 5. DOLLARS 6. WORK FOR OTHERS FA See Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report Original - Contract...

    316

    Webster Co. Kanawha Co. Cabell C  

    Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

    RED HOUSE DOR R RU N MILLWOOD TIME GREENSBORO FREEMANS CR EEK FISHER SLIGO BAR BER RIDGE HOM EST EAD TAN NER RICHAR DSON BU RGET TST OWN BR NT H SE-LCRN E MEH AFF Y WEBSTER...

    317

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:57:46Z...

    318

    Age effects on atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex and hippocampus  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    WJ, et al. Higher atrophy rate of entorhinal cortex thanBL, Reed BR, et al. Atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex in ADPC, Smith GE, Ivnik RJ, et al. Rates of hippocampal atrophy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    319

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:02:48Z 2011-08-04T15:59:26Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    320

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - New England...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:48:13Z 2011-08-31T17:26:50Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    321

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - East South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:00:44Z 2011-08-04T16:01:41Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    322

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - United States...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:10:42Z 2011-08-04T15:37:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    323

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West North...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:55:30Z 2011-08-23T22:29:34Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    324

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - Mountain ...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:04:37Z 2011-08-04T15:57:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    325

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - South Atlantic...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:57:56Z 2011-08-04T18:09:40Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    326

    Program Publication (Please visit the PAC'11Website, www.bnl.gov/pac11, and PAC'11 Mobile Edition,  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

    327

    Section 39  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    e ' m 4 0 Q e (r)Br 2 n(r)dr Session Papers 161 Cloud Processing of Aerosols and Their Effects on Aerosol Radiative Properties Q. Liu and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for...

    328

    Exhibition Pre-Show Directory  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Power Generation. Clayburn owns and ..... abroad (SaAz & BrAz in Russia). HART has implemented a third ..... can be cast in one set-up. Less than 1 percent of.

    329

    AEO2011: Electricity Trade

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico.<br> 2011-08-01T19:29:49Z 2011-08-04T15:35:21Z http:...

    330

    The contrastive research in the photocatalytic activity of BiOBr synthesized by different reactants  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    BiOBr nanoplates, marked as ?-BiOBr and ?-BiOBr, were synthesized via hydrothermal method using cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB) and NaBr as reactants, respectively. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 ...

    Wang Ling-Li; Ma Wan-Hong; Wang Shu-Lian; Zhang Yu; Jia Man-Ke; Li Rui-Ping; Zhang Ai-Qing; Huang Ying-Ping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    331

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; rjan Gustafsson

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    332

    Effects of Air Emissions Controls on Coal Combustion Products: Interim Data Report  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is collecting information describing the effects of air emissions controls on coal combustion products (CCPs) as they pertain to disposal and use. Specifically, data are being collected to assess the impacts of calcium bromide (CaBr2) addition to coal, refined coal, halogen injection in the boiler, brominated activated carbon injection (BrACI) in the flue gas, dry sorbent injection (DSI) in the flue gas, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) ...

    2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    333

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models #3; Jaume Guasch a , Wolfgang on the analysis of the ratio of branching ratios R = BR(H ! b #22; b)=BR(H ! #28; + #28; ) of Higgs boson decays and the e + e Linear Collider at 500 GeV center of mass energy. The search of a Higgs boson is nowadays

    334

    Criticality Safety Basics for INL Emergency Responders  

    SciTech Connect

    This document is a modular self-study guide about criticality safety principles for Idaho National Laboratory emergency responders. This guide provides basic criticality safety information for people who, in response to an emergency, might enter an area that contains much fissionable (or fissile) material. The information should help responders understand unique factors that might be important in responding to a criticality accident or in preventing a criticality accident while responding to a different emergency. <br>> This study guide specifically supplements web-based training for firefighters (0INL1226) and includes information for other Idaho National Laboratory first responders. However, the guide audience also includes other first responders such as radiological control personnel.<br>> For interested readers, this guide includes clearly marked additional information that will not be included on tests. The additional information includes historical examples (Been there. Done that.), as well as facts and more in-depth information (Did you know ). <br>> INL criticality safety personnel revise this guide as needed to reflect program changes, user requests, and better information. Revision 0, issued May 2007, established the basic text. Revision 1 incorporates operation, program, and training changes implemented since 2007. Revision 1 increases focus on first responders because later responders are more likely to have more assistance and guidance from facility personnel and subject matter experts. Revision 1 also completely reorganized the training to better emphasize physical concepts behind the criticality controls that help keep emergency responders safe. The changes are based on and consistent with changes made to course 0INL1226.<br>>

    Valerie L. Putman

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    335

    Evaluation of Alkali Bromide Salts for Potential Pyrochemical Applications  

    SciTech Connect

    Transient techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior, reduction mechanism and transport properties of REBr3 (RE - La, Nd and Gd) in pure LiBr, LiBr-KBr (eutectic) and LiBr-KBr-CsBr (eutectic) melts. Gd(III) showed a reversible single step soluble-insoluble exchange phenomenon in LiBr melt at 973K. Although La (III), Nd(III) and Gd(III) ions showed reversible behavior in eutectic LiBr-KBr melts, these ions showed a combination of temperature dependent reversible and pseudo-reversible behavior. While both La(III) and Gd(III) showed one step reduction, the reduction of Nd(III) was observed to be a two step process. La metal could be electrodeposited from the ternary electrolyte at a temperature of 673K. Various electrochemical measurements suggest that both binary and ternary bromide melts can potentially be used to electrodeposit high purity RE metals at comparatively lower operating temperatures.

    Prabhat K. Tripathy; Steven D. Herrmann; Guy L. Fredrickson; Tedd E. Lister; Toni Y. Gutknecht

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    336

    Search for B ? Kll and B ? K*ll decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We have searched for the flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays B ! K` + ` \\Gamma and B ! K ` + ` \\Gamma . Using a data sample of 2.17\\Theta10 6 B B events, we find 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching ratios: BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:6 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma + \\Gamma ) ! 0:9 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 + \\Gamma ) ! 3:1 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , and BR( B 0 ! K 0 e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 2:7 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 . The limit on B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma is within a factor of 3 of the branching ratio predicted by the Standard Model. Permanent address: University of Hawaii at Manoa y Permanent address: INP, Novosibirsk, Russia 2 In the Standard Model (SM), flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays are fo...

    R. Balest

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    337

    bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3diamine]manganese(II) (1/2/1) In-Chul Hwang a and Kwang Ha b *  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    R factor = 0.045; wR factor = 0.116; data-to-parameter ratio = 16.6. There are three different Mn II complexes in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn(C15H16N4)(H2O)2]Br2-2{[MnBr(C15H16N4)(H2O)]Br} [MnBr2(C15H16N4)]. In the neutral complex, the Mn 2+ ion is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral environment by four N atoms of the tetradentate ligand N,N0-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine (bppd) and two bromide ligands. In the two cationic complexes, the Mn 2+ ions are also six-coordinated in similar environments, but one Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd, one Br atom and one O atom of a coordinating water molecule, whereas the other Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd and two O atoms of water ligands. The complexes with two coordinated Br atoms or two H2O ligands are disposed about a twofold axis through Mn and C atoms with the special positions ( 1 1 2, y, 0) and (0, y,

    Monoclinic C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    338

    High-emission cold cathode  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    A field-emission cathode having a multitude of field emission points for emitting a copious stream of electrons when subjected to a high field is described. The cathode is constructed by compressing a multitude of tungsten strips alternately arranged with molybdenum strips and copper ribbons or compressing alternately arranged copper plated tungsten and molybdenum strips, heating the arrangement to braze the tungsten and molybdenum strips together with the copper, machining and grinding the exposed strip edges of one side of the brazed arrangement to obtain a precisely planar surface, etching a portion of the molybdenum and copper to leave the edges of the tungsten strips protruding for electron emission, and subjecting the protruding edges of the tungsten strips to a high electric field to degas and roughen the surface to pnovide a large number of emitting points. The resulting structure is particularly useful as a cathode in a transversely excited gaseous laser where the cathode is mounted in a vacuum chamber for emitting electrons under the influence of a high electric field between the cathode and an extractor grid. The electrons pass through the extractor grid, a thin window in the wall of the laser chamber and into the laser chamber which is filled with a gaseous mixture of helium, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. A second grid is mounted on the gaseous side of the window. The electrons pass into the laser chamber under the influence of a second electric field between the second grid and an anode in the laser chamber to raise selected gas atoms of the gaseous mixture to appropriately excited states so that a subsequent coherent light beam passing through the mixture transversely to the electron stream through windows in opposite ends of the laser chamber stimulates the excited atoms to amplify the beam. (Official Gazette)

    Mancebo, L.

    1974-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    339

    Investigation of flammable gas and thermal safety issues for retrieval of waste from Tank 241-AN-105  

    SciTech Connect

    The primary purpose of this report is to identify and resolve some of the flammable gas and thermal safety issues potentially associated with the retrieval of waste from Tank 241-AN-105 (AN-105), which is the first double-shell tank scheduled for waste retrieval at Hanford. The planned retrieval scenario includes the following steps in AN-105: (1) degas the tank using two submerged mixing pumps, (2) turn off the mixer pump(s) and allow any suspended solids to settle, (3) decant the supernatant to the intermediate feed staging tank(s) (IFSTs) (AP-102 and/or AP-104) using water/caustic dilution at the transfer pump inlet, (4) add the remaining dilution water/caustic to the slurry remaining in AN-105, (5) mix the tank with the mixer pump(s) until the soluble solids dissolve, (6) turn off the mixer pump(s) and let the insoluble solids settle, and (7) decant the new supernatant to the IFST(s), leaving the insoluble solids behind. Three waste retrieval safety issues are addressed in this report. They are (1) the controlled degassing of AN-105 to ensure that the headspace remains <25% of the lower flammability limit (LFL), (2) an assessment of how dissolved gas (mainly ammonia) released during the transfer of the supernatant in AN-105 to the IFSTs and the water/caustic dilution of the remaining slurry in AN-105 will affect the flammability in these tanks; and (3) an assessment of the maximum waste temperatures that might occur in AN-105 during retrieval operations.

    Caley, S.M.; Stewart, C.W.; Antoniak, Z.I.; Cuta, J.M.; Mahoney, L.A.; Panisko, F.E.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    340

    Flue gas injection control of silica in cooling towers.  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Injection of CO{sub 2}-laden flue gas can decrease the potential for silica and calcite scale formation in cooling tower blowdown by lowering solution pH to decrease equilibrium calcite solubility and kinetic rates of silica polymerization. Flue gas injection might best inhibit scale formation in power plant cooling towers that use impaired makeup waters - for example, groundwaters that contain relatively high levels of calcium, alkalinity, and silica. Groundwaters brought to the surface for cooling will degas CO{sub 2} and increase their pH by 1-2 units, possibly precipitating calcite in the process. Recarbonation with flue gas can lower the pHs of these fluids back to roughly their initial pH. Flue gas carbonation probably cannot lower pHs to much below pH 6 because the pHs of impaired waters, once outgassed at the surface, are likely to be relatively alkaline. Silica polymerization to form scale occurs most rapidly at pH {approx} 8.3 at 25 C; polymerization is slower at higher and lower pH. pH 7 fluids containing {approx}220 ppm SiO{sub 2} require > 180 hours equilibration to begin forming scale whereas at pH 8.3 scale formation is complete within 36 hours. Flue gas injection that lowers pHs to {approx} 7 should allow substantially higher concentration factors. Periodic cycling to lower recoveries - hence lower silica concentrations - might be required though. Higher concentration factors enabled by flue gas injection should decrease concentrate volumes and disposal costs by roughly half.

    Brady, Patrick Vane; Anderson, Howard L., Jr.; Altman, Susan Jeanne

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    341

    Gas Phase Chromatography of some Group 4, 5, and 6 Halides  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Gas phase chromatography using The Heavy Element Volatility Instrument (HEVI) and the On Line Gas Apparatus (OLGA III) was used to determine volatilities of ZrBr{sub 4}, HfBr{sub 4}, RfBr{sub 4}, NbBr{sub 5}, TaOBr{sub 3}, HaCl{sub 5}, WBr{sub 6}, FrBr, and BiBr{sub 3}. Short-lived isotopes of Zr, Hf, Rf, Nb, Ta, Ha, W, and Bi were produced via compound nucleus reactions at the 88-Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and transported to the experimental apparatus using a He gas transport system. The isotopes were halogenated, separated from the other reaction products, and their volatilities determined by isothermal gas phase chromatography. Adsorption Enthalpy ({Delta}H{sub a}) values for these compounds were calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation program modeling the gas phase chromatography column. All bromides showed lower volatility than molecules of similar molecular structures formed as chlorides, but followed similar trends by central element. Tantalum was observed to form the oxybromide, analogous to the formation of the oxychloride under the same conditions. For the group 4 elements, the following order in volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} was observed: RfBr{sub 4} > ZrBr{sub 4} > HfBr{sub 4}. The {Delta}H{sub a} values determined for the group 4, 5, and 6 halides are in general agreement with other experimental data and theoretical predictions. Preliminary experiments were performed on Me-bromides. A new measurement of the half-life of {sup 261}Rf was performed. {sup 261}Rf was produced via the {sup 248}Cm({sup 18}O, 5n) reaction and observed with a half-life of 74{sub -6}{sup +7} seconds, in excellent agreement with the previous measurement of 78{sub -6}{sup +11} seconds. We recommend a new half-life of 75{+-}7 seconds for {sup 261}Rf based on these two measurements. Preliminary studies in transforming HEVI from an isothermal (constant temperature) gas phase chromatography instrument to a thermochromatographic (variable temperature) instrument have been completed. Thermochromatography is a technique that can be used to study the volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} of longer-lived isotopes off-line, Future work will include a comparison between the two techniques and the use of thermochromatography to study isotopes in a wider range of half-lives and molecular structures.

    Sylwester, Eric Robert

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    342

    The Correlation of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Experimental Data for Vertical Falling Film Absorption  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Absorption chillers are gaining global acceptance as quality comfort cooling systems. These machines are the central chilling plants and the supply for cotnfort cooling for many large commercial buildings. Virtually all absorption chillers use lithium bromide (LiBr) and water as the absorption fluids. Water is the refrigerant. Research has shown LiBr to he one of the best absorption working fluids because it has a high affinity for water, releases water vapor at relatively low temperatures, and has a boiling point much higher than that of water. The heart of the chiller is the absorber, where a process of simultaneous heat and mass transfer occurs as the refrigerant water vapor is absorbed into a falling film of aqueous LiBr. The more water vapor absorbed into the falling film, the larger the chiller?s capacity for supporting comfort cooling. Improving the performance of the absorber leads directly to efficiency gains for the chiller. The design of an absorber is very empirical and requires experimental data. Yet design data and correlations are sparse in the open literature. The experimental data available to date have been derived at LiBr concentrations ranging from 0.30 to 0.60 mass fraction. No literature data are readily available for the design operating conditions of 0.62 and 0.64 mass fraction of LiBr and absorber pressures of 0.7 and 1.0 kPa.

    Keyhani, M.; Miller, W.A.

    1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    343

    Water adsorption, solvation and deliquescence of alkali halide thin films on SiO2 studied by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The adsorption of water on KBr thin films evaporated onto SiO2 was investigated as a function of relative humidity (RH) by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At 30percent RH adsorbed water reaches a coverage of approximately one monolayer. As the humidity continues to increase, the coverage of water remains constant or increases very slowly until 60percent RH, followed by a rapid increase up to 100percent RH. At low RH a significant number of the Br atoms are lost due to irradiation damage. With increasing humidity solvation increases ion mobility and gives rise to a partial recovery of the Br/K ratio. Above 60percent RH the increase of the Br/K ratio accelerates. Above the deliquescence point (85percent RH), the thickness of the water layer continues to increase and reaches more than three layers near saturation. The enhancement of the Br/K ratio at this stage is roughly a factor 2.3 on a 0.5 nm KBr film, indicating a strong preferential segregation of Br ions to the surface of the thin saline solution on SiO2.

    Arima, Kenta; Jiang, Peng; Deng, Xingyi; Bluhm, Henrik; Salmeron, Miquel

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    344

    High velocity continuous-flow reactor for the production of solar grade silicon. Fourth quarterly report, June 25--September 24, 1978  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The main effort has been concentrated on investigating the pyrolysis of tribromosilane in a fluid bed reactor. Excellent results have been achieved in this area with the yields running in excess of 90% of the theoretical possible for the reaction given below: 4SiHBr/sub 3/ = 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/ + Si. An average growth rate of 0.5 microns per minute, based on starting and ending sieve analysis data for the bed, has been noted. This coating on the particles is a very fine nodular coherent coating. Since the reaction cited generates 3 moles of SiBr/sub 4/ for each mole of Si, an investigation was begun to determine if SiBr/sub 4/ could be converted to SiHBr/sub 3/ by reaction with a heated bed of silicon and hydrogen. Preliminary experiments have shown that this is readily feasible. This factor allows the description of closed loop process in which only silicon is consumed and produced. The cycle is given below. Decomposition: SiHBr/sub 3/ = Si + 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/. Conversion: 2H/sub 2/ + SiBr/sub 4/ + Si/sub (met)/ = SiHBr/sub 3/.

    Woerner, L.

    1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    345

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Topics Finance, Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Brazil UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References World Bank Project Database-Brazil[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Brazil 1.1 Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project 1.2 BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ) 1.3 First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management 1.4 BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II 1.5 BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration 1.6 PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project 1.7 Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro

    346

    A study of semi-inclusive charmless $B \\to ?X$ decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We study semi-inclusive charmless decays $B \\to \\pi X$ in detail, such as $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^{\\pm} \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, where $X$ does not contain a charm (anti)quark. We find that the process $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$) can be particularly useful for determination of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$. We calculate and present the branching ratio (BR) of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ as a function of $|V_{ub}|$, with an estimate of possible uncertainties. It is expected that the BR is an order of $10^{-4}$. Our estimation indicates that one can phenomenologically determine $|V_{ub}|$ with reasonable accuracy by measuring the BR of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$).

    C. S. Kim; Jake Lee; Sechul Oh; J. S. Hong; D. Y. Kim; H. S. Kim

    2002-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    347

    Metabolism and disposition of 1-bromopropane in rats and mice following inhalation or intravenous administration  

    SciTech Connect

    Workplace exposure to 1-bromopropane (1-BrP) can potentially occur during its use in spray adhesives, fats, waxes, and resins. 1-BrP may be used to replace ozone depleting solvents, resulting in an increase in its annual production in the US, which currently exceeds 1 million pounds. The potential for human exposure to 1-BrP and the reports of adverse effects associated with potential occupational exposure to high levels of 1-BrP have increased the need for the development of biomarkers of exposure and an improved understanding of 1-BrP metabolism and disposition. In this study, the factors influencing the disposition and biotransformation of 1-BrP were examined in male F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice following inhalation exposure (800 ppm) or intravenous administration (5, 20, and 100 mg/kg). [1,2,3-{sup 13}C]1-BrP and [1-{sup 14}C]1-BrP were administered to enable characterization of urinary metabolites using NMR spectroscopy, LC-MS/MS, and HPLC coupled radiochromatography. Exhaled breath volatile organic chemicals (VOC), exhaled CO{sub 2}, urine, feces, and tissues were collected for up to 48 h post-administration for determination of radioactivity distribution. Rats and mice exhaled a majority of the administered dose as either VOC (40-72%) or {sup 14}CO{sub 2} (10-30%). For rats, but not mice, the percentage of the dose exhaled as VOC increased between the mid ({approx} 50%) and high ({approx} 71%) dose groups; while the percentage of the dose exhaled as {sup 14}CO{sub 2} decreased (19 to 10%). The molar ratio of exhaled {sup 14}CO{sub 2} to total released bromide, which decreased as dose increased, demonstrated that the proportion of 1-BrP metabolized via oxidation relative to pathways dependent on glutathione conjugation is inversely proportional to dose in the rat. [{sup 14}C]1-BrP equivalents were recovered in urine (13-17%, rats; 14-23% mice), feces (< 2%), or retained in the tissues and carcass (< 6%) of rats and mice administered i.v. 5 to 100 mg/kg [{sup 14}C]1-BrP. Metabolites characterized in urine of rats and mice include N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, N-acetyl-3-(propylsulfinyl)alanine, N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxypropyl)cysteine, 1-bromo-2-hydroxypropane-O-glucuronide, N-acetyl-S-(2-oxopropyl)cysteine, and N-acetyl-3-[(2-oxopropyl)sulfinyl]alanine. These metabolites may be formed following oxidation of 1-bromopropane to 1-bromo-2-propanol and bromoacetone and following subsequent glutathione conjugation with either of these compounds. Rats pretreated with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT), a potent inhibitor of P450 excreted less in urine ({down_arrow}30%), exhaled as {sup 14}CO2 ({down_arrow}80%), or retained in liver ({down_arrow}90%), with a concomitant increase in radioactivity expired as VOC ({up_arrow}52%). Following ABT pretreatment, rat urinary metabolites were reduced in number from 10 to 1, N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, which accounted for > 90% of the total urinary radioactivity in ABT pretreated rats. Together, these data demonstrate a role for cytochrome P450 and glutathione in the dose-dependent metabolism and disposition of 1-BrP in the rat.

    Garner, C.E. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)]. E-mail: cegarner@rti.org; Sumner, S.C.J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Davis, J.G. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burgess, J.P. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Yueh, Y. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Demeter, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Zhan, Q. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Valentine, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Jeffcoat, A.R. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burka, L.T. [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Mathews, J.M. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    348

    Candidate chemical systems for air cooled, solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part II. Solid absorbents, high latent heat refrigerants  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Work done in attempting to qualify absorption refrigeration systems based on refrigerants with intermediate latent heats of vaporization is summarized. In practice, these comprise methanol, ammonia, and methylamine. A wide variety of organic substances, salts, and mixtures were evaluated in as systematic a manner as possible. Several systems of interest are described. The system, LiClO/sub 3/--LiBr--H/sub 2/O, is a good back up system to our first choice of an antifreeze additive system, and thermodynamically promising but subject to some inconvenient materials limitations. The system, LiBr/ZnBr/sub 2/--methanol, is thermodynamically promising but requires additional kinetic qualification. Chemical stability of the system, LiCNS--ammonia/methylamine with various other third components, does not appear to be adequate for a long-lived system.

    Biermann, W. J.

    1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    349

    Solar liquid-desiccant air-conditioning system. Final report  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    A design for a closed, diurnal, intermittent absorption chiller for passive solar air-conditioning using liquid sorbents has been constructed and tested. LiBr-H/sub 2/O will not work with this design because of its low vapor pressure at the temperature available. The approach has possibilities using the 2 LiBr-ZrBr-CH/sub 3/OH or H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ sorbent refrigerant pairs. The use of H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ appears to be the better candidate because of the lower solution viscosity and less cycle weight, through tank volumes and collector requirements are similar. Further study of other refrigerant pairs such as S-Thiocyanate-ammonia is indicated, however, the difficulties encountered in construction and low potential coefficient of performance, and thus large collection area needed, makes commercialization of such a system doubtful in the foreseeable future.

    Not Available

    350

    Cyclotron emission effect on CMB spectral distortions  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We investigated the role of the cyclotron emission (CE) associated to cosmic magnetic fields (MF) on the evolution of cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectral distortions. We computed the photon and energy injection rates by including spontaneous and stimulated emission and absorption. These CE rates have been compared with those of bremsstrahlung (BR) and double Compton scattering (DC), for realistic CMB distorted spectra at various cosmic epochs. For reasonable MF strengths we found that the CE contribution to the evolution of the CMB spectrum is much smaller than the BR and DC contributions. The constraints on the energy exchanges at various redshifts can be then derived, under quite general assumptions, by considering only Compton scattering (CS), BR, and DC, other than the considered dissipation process. Upper limits to the CMB polarization degree induced by CE have been estimated.

    Carlo Burigana; Andrea Zizzo

    2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    351

    Method for production of hydrocarbons from hydrates  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    A method of recovering natural gas entrapped in frozen subsurface gas hydrate formations in arctic regions. A hot supersaturated solution of CaCl.sub.2 or CaBr.sub.2, or a mixture thereof, is pumped under pressure down a wellbore and into a subsurface hydrate formation so as to hydrostatically fracture the formation. The CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 solution dissolves the solid hydrates and thereby releases the gas entrapped therein. Additionally, the solution contains a polymeric viscosifier, which operates to maintain in suspension finely divided crystalline CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 that precipitates from the supersaturated solution as it is cooled during injection into the formation.

    McGuire, Patrick L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    352

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    SciTech Connect

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines, February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes, March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as Level 1. Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    353

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines, February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes, March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as Level 1. Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    354

    Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)  

    SciTech Connect

    Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

    Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (United States) Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand))

    1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    355

    Deformation study of separator pellets for thermal batteries  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The deformation characteristics of pellets of electrolyte-binder (EB) mixes based on MgO were measured under simulated, thermal-battery conditions. Measurements (using a statistically designed experimental strategy) were made as a function of applied pressure, temperature, and percentage of theoretical density for four molten-salt electrolytes at two levels of MgO. The EB mixes are used as separators in Li-alloy thermal batteries. The electrolytes included LiCl-KCI eutectic, LiCl-LiBr-KBr eutectic, LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, and a LiCl-LiBr-LiF electrolyte with a minimum-melting composition. The melting points ranged from 313 C to 436 C. The experimental data were used to develop statistical models that approximate the deformation behavior of pellets of the various EB mixes over the range of experimental conditions we examined. This report, discusses the importance of the deformation response surfaces to thermal-battery design.

    Guidotti, R.A.; Reinhardt, F.W.; Thomas, E.V.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    356

    FLUORIDE VOLATILITY PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF URANIUM  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    The separation and recovery of uraniunn from contaminants introduced by neutron irradiation by a halogenation and volatilization method are described. The irradiated uranium is dissolved in bromine trifluoride in the liquid phase. The uranium is converted to the BrF/sub 3/ soluble urmium hexafluoride compound whereas the fluorides of certain contaminating elements are insoluble in liquid BrF/sub 3/, and the reaction rate of the BrF/sub 3/ with certain other solid uranium contamirnnts is sufficiently slower than the reaction rate with uranium that substantial portions of these contaminating elements will remain as solids. These solids are then separated from the solution by a distillation, filtration, or centrifugation step. The uranium hexafluoride is then separated from the balance of the impurities and solvent by one or more distillations.

    Katz, J.J.; Hyman, H.H.; Sheft, I.

    1958-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    357

    Testing of Crystallization Temperature of a New Working Fluid for Absorption Heat Pump Systems  

    SciTech Connect

    Lithium bromide/water (LiBr/water) absorption systems are potential candidates for absorption heat pump water heating applications since they have been widely commercialized for cooling applications. One drawback to LiBr/water absorption water heater systems is that they are unable to operate at typical water heating temperatures due to solution crystallization hazards. Binary or ternary mixtures, serving as working fluids, were reported (Ally, 1988; Herold et al., 1991; Iyoki and Uemura, 1981; Yasuhide Nemoto et al., 2010; Zogg et al., 2005) to help improve the absorption performance or avoid crystallization of absorption heat pump systems. A recent development (De Lucas et al., 2007) investigated the use of a ternary mixture of aqueous mixture of lithium bromide and sodium formate (CHO2Na). The new working fluid composition maintains a ratio of LiBr/CHO2Na of 2 by weight. This new working fluid is a potential competitor to aqueous LiBr solution in absorption system due to higher water vapor absorption rates and lower generation temperature needed (De Lucas et al., 2004). There exists data on equilibrium performance and other physical properties of this new working fluid. However, there is no available data on crystallization behavior. Crystallization temperature is crucial for the design of absorption heat pump water heater in order to avoid crystallization hazards during operation. We have therefore conducted a systematic study to explore the crystallization temperature of LiBr/CHO2Na water solution and compared it against aqueous LiBr solutions. These results were then used to evaluate the feasibility of using the new working fluid in water heating applications showing limited potential.

    Wang, Kai [ORNL; Kisari, Padmaja [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    358

    Measurement of baryon production in B -meson decay  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Using the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we observe {ital B}-meson decays to {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +} and report on improved measurements of inclusive branching fractions and momentum spectra of other baryons. For the inclusive decay {ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X} with {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}, we find that the product branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}){ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +})=(0.273{plus minus}0.051{plus minus} 0.039)%. Our measured inclusive branching fractions to noncharmed baryons are {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{ital pX})=(8.0{plus minus}0.5{plus minus}0.3)%, {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Lambda}{ital X})=(3.8{plus minus}0.4{plus minus}0.6)%, and {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Xi}{sup {minus}}{ital X})=(0.27{plus minus}0.05{plus minus}0.04)%. From these rates and studies of baryon-lepton and baryon-antibaryon correlations in {ital B} decays, we have estimated the branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}) to be (6.4{plus minus}0.8{plus minus}0.8)%. Combining these results, we calculate {ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}) to be (4.3{plus minus}1.0{plus minus}0.8)%.

    Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Jensen, T.; Johnson, D.R.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Ng, C.R.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Kroha, H.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Li, W.C.; Lou, X.C.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Jain, V.; Kennett, R.; Mestayer, M.D.; Moneti, G.C.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thusalidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Letson, T.; Alexander, J.; Artuso, M.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Besson, D.; Browder, T.; Cassel, D.G.; Cheu, E.; Coffman, D.M.; Drell, P.S.; Ehrlich, R.; Galik, R.S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser, B.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lewis, J.D.; Ludwig, G.S.; Mas

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    359

    ESS 2012 Peer Review - Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage - Vincent Battaglia, LBNL  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    H H 2 /Br 2 Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Venkat Srinivasan, Adam Weber, & Vince Battaglia Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory * DOE ESS Review * Washington, DC * September 26, 2012 vsbattaglia@lbl.gov Purpose Develop a low-cost, energy-storage system with high power density at 80% efficiency Use H 2 and Br 2 in a flow battery Future Plans Modeling Funding from ARPA-E GRIDS, USDOE LBNL: Kyu Taek Cho (Cell studies); Paul Ridgway (Catalysis studies); Sophia Haussener (Transport modeling) Bosch: Paul Albertus (Cost Modeling); Roel Sanchez-Carrera and Boris Kozinsky (Catalyst theory)

    360

    Electron Rescattering in Above-Threshold Photodetachment of Negative Ions  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present experimental and theoretical results on photodetachment of Br{sup -} and F{sup -} in a strong infrared laser field. The observed photoelectron spectra of Br{sup -} exhibit a high-energy plateau along the laser polarization direction, which is identified as being due to the rescattering effect. The shape and the extension of the plateau is found to be influenced by the depletion of negative ions during the interaction with the laser pulse. Our findings represent the first observation of electron rescattering in above-threshold photodetachment of an atomic system with a short-range potential.

    Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Bergues, B.; Hultgren, H.; Kiyan, I. Yu. [Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

    2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    361

    Electrochemical photovoltaic cells. Project 65021 quarterly technical progress report, July 15-October 15, 1979  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    During the second quarter of this program we have evaluated the photoelectrochemical performance of single-crystal MoSe/sub 2/ and GaAs, polycrystalline CdSe, and cells with RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ solid electrolyte. MoSe/sub 2/ electrode exhibited very good photoresponse in electrolytes containing Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple. The photopotential and photocurrent were larger in acid than in alkaline electrolyte. A power conversion efficiency of about 5% was achieved under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination in the acid medium. The catalytic activity of a platinized platinum electrode toward Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple was also better in acid electrolyte than in alkaline electrolyte. Higher current densities were obtained in the acid medium. The MoSe/sub 2/ was found to have good stability in acid and alkaline electrolytes; however, it will be necessary to protect the electrolyte against evaporation of the bromine, oxidation by air, or photodecomposition. GaAs was tested in alkaline electrolytes containing Se/sup 2 -//Se/sub n//sup 2 -/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple and in acid electrolytes containing Fe/sup +2//Fe/sup +3/, Cr/sup +2//Cr/sup +3/, Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/, Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/, Ti/sup +3//Ti/sup +4/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/. Large anodic dark currents were observed in solutions containing Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/ or Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/. The large photoeffects found with the other redox couples were usually accompanied by electrode darkening and decrease in photocurrent with time. Polycrystalline electrodes have been made by thermal vacuum evaporation of CdSe on titanium foil or SnO/sub 2/-coated glass. The CdSe still suffered from poor adherence to the substrates and, therefore, poor photoresponse. A solid electrolyte photoelectrochemical cell was fabricated giving photopotentials of about 300 mV at current densities of about 0.1 mA/cm/sup 2/ under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination.

    Ang, P.G.P.; Sammells, A.F.

    1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    362

    Thermal-hydraulic aspects of flow inversion in a research reactor  

    SciTech Connect

    PARET, a neutronics and thermal-hydraulics computer code, has been modified to account for natural convection in a reactor core. The code was then used to analyze the flow inversion that occurs in a reactor with heat removal by forced convection in the downward direction after a pump failure. Typical results are shown for a number of parameters. Research reactors normally operating much above ten MW are predicted to experience nucleate boiling in the event of a flow inversion. Comparison with experimental results from the Belgian BR2 reactor indicated general agreement although nucleate boiling that was analytically predicted was not noted in the BR2 data.

    Smith, R.S.; Woodruff, W.L.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    363

    Tuvinian images of demons from Tibet  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    causing deseases see Tucci and Heissig (1970): 193, 195. As such demons the gdon are also briefly characterized by Tseng (2005): 51. For further general remarks on the gdon see Clifford (1984): 148-55. In a text composed by Mi pham rnam rgyal in 1908... . Ri dvags rgyal (Ri dvags rgyal po) deer (ri dvags) (Fig. 3) 3. sKem byed (sKem byed pa) young man (gzhon nu) (Fig. 2) 4. brJed byed (brJed byed pa) fox (wa) (Fig. 4) 5. Khu tshur can raven (bya rog) (Fig. 5) 6. Ma mo human being (mi...

    Schwieger, Peter

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    364

    Computer modeling of the Schottky electron source  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A computer modeling program that is able to imitate the polyhedral shape of the ZrO/W(100) Schottky cathode is used to compute emission parameters such as the electric field distribution and reduced brightness Br for the various observed end form shapes. This program includes the electronelectron interactions in the beam and their effect on Br. A relationship between the axial field factor ??=?F/Ve and the axial lens factor K?=?(I?/J)1/2 (where F

    Lynwood W. Swanson; Gregory A. Schwind; Sean M. Kellogg; Kun Liu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    365

    Brines formed by multi-salt deliquescence  

    SciTech Connect

    The FY05 Waste Package Environment testing program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory focused on determining the temperature, relative humidity, and solution compositions of brines formed due to the deliquescence of NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} and NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-Ca(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} salt mixtures. Understanding the physical and chemical behavior of these brines is important because they define conditions under which brines may react with waste canister surfaces. Boiling point experiments show that NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} and NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3}-Ca(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} salt mixtures form brines that transform to hydrous melts that do not truly 'dry out' until temperatures exceed 300 and 400 C, respectively. Thus a conducting solution is present for these salt assemblages over the thermal history of the repository. The corresponding brines form at lower relative humidity at higher temperatures. The NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} salt mixture has a mutual deliquescence relative humidity (MDRH) of 25.9% at 120 C and 10.8% at 180 C. Similarly, the KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} salt mixture has MDRH of 26.4% at 120 C and 20.0% at 150 C. The KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} salt mixture salts also absorb some water (but do not appear to deliquesce) at 180 C and thus may also contribute to the transfer of electrons at interface between dust and the waste package surface. There is no experimental evidence to suggest that these brines will degas and form less deliquescent salt assemblages. Ammonium present in atmospheric and tunnel dust (as the chloride, nitrate, or sulfate) will readily decompose in the initial heating phase of the repository, and will affect subsequent behavior of the remaining salt mixture only through the removal of a stoichiometric equivalent of one or more anions. Although K-Na-NO{sub 3}-Cl brines form at high temperature and low relative humidity, these brines are dominated by nitrate, which is known to inhibit corrosion at lower temperature. Nitrate to chloride ratios of the NaCl-KNO{sub 3}-NaNO{sub 3} salt mixture are about NO{sub 3}:Cl = 19:1. The role of nitrate on corrosion at higher temperatures is addressed in a companion report (Dixit et al., 2005).

    Carroll, S; Rard, J; Alai, M; Staggs, K

    2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    366

    Upscaling Reaction Rate Laws In Geochemical Reactive Transport Using Pore-Scale Network Models Dmitri Kavetski1,2,#, Catherine A. Peters1,$, Michael A. Celia1 and Brent Lindquist3  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Rutile, Pyrite GY BR Q Pore space Chemical Reactions and Kinetic Rate Laws Primary interest: acid geosequestration studies *aquifer remediation *nuclear waste disposal *other applications Reactive processes occur and examines whether reaction rates applicable at the pore-scale, O(10-100m), are realistic at larger continuum

    Peters, Catherine A.

    367

    Alternative Fueling Station Locations

    Alternative fueling...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    propaneliquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biodiesel, electricity, hydrogen, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), as of April 4, 2012.<br>

    2010-12-14T00:04:52Z 2012-04-04T21:12:52Z To...

    368

    Volume Tiw of Three 21stIntersocietyEnergy Conversion  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of a water body or by evaporating q COP*hf(-BR) .33(2.5)(1050 --b )(1-.25) water in a cooling tower cooling power plants often use cooling towers. Therefore, to facilitate comparisons it is assumed Thus, M plant cooling towers require blowdown of conditioning effect with a refrigeration heat pump, water -to

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    369

    Magneto-optic study of spatial magnetic-field distribution relaxation in an HTSC film strip after transport current turn-on  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    the spatial distribution B(r) of the magnetic field and that of the current, j(r), in superconducting samples a change in the ex- ternal magnetic field or the current through the sample is also of considerable magnetic-flux motion creep after the current is switched on, which was done by computer simulation

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    370

    New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas.<br> 2011-01-26T00:20:13Z 2011-01-27T19:47:20Z http:...

    371

    Former Worker Medical Screening Program 2012 Annual Report  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    Published February 2013 Published February 2013 Pu Pu Publ b blis s ishe he hed d d Fe Fe Febr br brua ua u ry ry 2 201 013 3 FORMER WORKER MEDICAL SCREENING PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT ANNUAL REPORT 2 0 1 2 STC STONETURN CONSULTANTS 2012 Former Worker Medical Screening Program * i Table of Contents Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................................iii Foreword .................................................................................................................................................... v Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................

    372

    Constraining msugra parameters with mu->e gamma and mu-e conversion in nuclei  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We show that, in the MSSM with msugra boundary conditions and seesaw induced neutrino masses, the values of BR(mu->e gamma) and the mu-e conversion rate in a nucleus determine the sign of mu and constrain tan beta in a model independent way.

    Carlos E. Yaguna

    2005-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    373

    Lithium disulfide battery  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    Disclosed is a negative electrode-limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS/sub 2/ positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole % LiCl, 38 mole % LiBr and 37 mole % KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

    Kaun, T.D.

    1986-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    374

    Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    environments, but it underwent stress corrosion cracking in oxygen- or chromate-containing lithium bromide CORROSION CRACKING TESTS IN LiBr-H 20 SOLUTION ...... 11 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONSd METALS AND CERAMICS DIVISION CORROSION OF MATERIALS IN ABSORPTION HEATING AND REFRIGERATION FLUIDS

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    375

    Pair Production of Tau Sneutrinos at Linear Colliders  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The pair production of tau sneutrinos in $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions and their subsequent decays are studied in a framework of the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We present an analysis for the parameter space (BR vs. mass) which could be explored at the future high energy $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders.

    Ari, V

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    376

    Transportation Energy Use by Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-15T17:11:53Z 2011-06-03T20:30:54Z http:eia.govforecastsaeoexcelaeotab7.xls I accessed this dataset from a public site. Annually To...

    377

    554 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 554-562 161.12, 163.64;MS 248 (Mt +2), 246 (M+), 155, 126,84 (base peak).  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    peak). HRMS Calcd for C8Hl,N202Br:246.00039. Found: 246.0001. 3-[3-[[2-(Trimethylsilyl procedure as used for the synthesis of compound 32 and obtained as a colorless oil (32%) alone with 221 (8

    Jones, William D.

    378

    A Multiobjective Optimization Approach for General Finite Queueing Networks  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br A. R. Duarte Departamento de Matem. Cruz Departamento de Estat´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Hori- zonte

    Cruz, Frederico

    379

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Imports and Exports

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is Table 135, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas.<br> 2011-07-29T20:40:33Z 2011-08-23T20:46:28Z http:...

    380

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief -ASU Crisis Response Game  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief - ASU Crisis Response Game Mohammad disasters. In the light of these facts, the results from the ASU Crisis Response Game show that people do.Liu)@asu.edu,Augustoa@icmc.usp.br Abstract. In disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti and the tsunami in Japan, people used social media

    Liu, Huan

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    381

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brmmer (3)  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brümmer in predictions of the wind profile in the lowest hundreds me- ters of the atmosphere, being connected to the general increase in height of structures such as bridges, high houses and wind turbines. The hub height

    382

    Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in e+e- Collisions at sqrts(s) = 189-209 GeV  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search is made for charged Higgs bosons predicted by Two-Higgs-Doublet extensions of the Standard Model (2HDM) using electron-positron collision data collected by the OPAL experiment at sqrt(s)=189-209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 600 pb-1. Charged Higgs bosons are assumed to be pair-produced and to decay into q qbar, tau nu or A W+-. No signal is observed. Model-independent limits on the charged Higgs-boson production cross section are derived by combining these results with previous searches at lower energies. Under the assumption BR(H+- -> tau nu) + BR(H+- -> qq)=1, motivated by general 2HDM type II models, excluded areas on the [m(H+-), BR(H+- -> tau nu)] plane are presented and charged Higgs bosons are excluded up to a mass of 76.3 GeV at 95% confidence level, independent of the branching ratio BR(H+- -> tau nu). A scan of the 2HDM type I model parameter space is performed and limits on the Higgs-boson masses m(H+-) and m(A) are presented for different choices of tan(beta).

    The OPAL collaboration

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    383

    Effects of emotion recognition training on mood among individuals with high levels of depressive symptoms: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    styles. Eur J Pers 2012, 26:145157. 10. Penton-Voak IS, Bate H, Lewis G, Munaf MR: Effects of emotion perception training on mood in undergraduate students:randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2012, 200:13. 11. Harmer CJ, Goodwin GM, Cowen PJ...

    Adams, Sally; Penton-Voak, Ian S; Harmer, Catherine J; Holmes, Emily A; Munaf, Marcus R

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    384

    Allosteric Activation of E2-RING Finger-Mediated Ubiquitylation by a Structurally Defined Specific E2-Binding Region of gp78  

    SciTech Connect

    The activity of RING finger ubiquitin ligases (E3) is dependent on their ability to facilitate transfer of ubiquitin from ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2) to substrates. The G2BR domain within the E3 gp78 binds selectively and with high affinity to the E2 Ube2g2. Through structural and functional analyses, we determine that this occurs on a region of Ube2g2 distinct from binding sites for ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1) and RING fingers. Binding to the G2BR results in conformational changes in Ube2g2 that affect ubiquitin loading. The Ube2g2:G2BR interaction also causes an 50-fold increase in affinity between the E2 and RING finger. This results in markedly increased ubiquitylation by Ube2g2 and the gp78 RING finger. The significance of this G2BR effect is underscored by enhanced ubiquitylation observed when Ube2g2 is paired with other RING finger E3s. These findings uncover a mechanism whereby allosteric effects on an E2 enhance E2-RING finger interactions and, consequently, ubiquitylation.

    Das, Ranabir; Mariano, Jennifer; Tsai, Yien Che; Kalathur, Ravi C.; Kostova, Zlatka; Li, Jess; Tarasov, Sergey G.; McFeeters, Robert L.; Altieri, Amanda S.; Ji, Xinhua; Byrd, R. Andrew; Weissman, Allan M.; (NCI)

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    385

    MPS Model-Based Software Acquisition Process Improvement in Brazil  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    This paper describes an initiative to improve software acquisition process in Brazil. This initiative was conducted in the context of the MPS.BR Program, a nationwide effort to develop and disseminate the MPS Model both in large organizations and Small ...

    Kival Chaves Weber; Eratostenes Edson Ramalho de Araujo; Danilo Scalet; Edmeia Leonor Pereira de Andrade; Ana Regina Cavalcanti da Rocha; Mariano Angel Montoni

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    386

    In high-tech industries, large amounts of reliable, high-quality  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    with the grid, three reciprocating engines, two absorption chillers, and a heat recovery steam generator (HRSGW natural gas-fired fuel cells · Two 70-ton Thermax LiBr absorption chillers · One unfired heat recovery, absorption chillers, and a HRSG. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY PROGRAM PROJECT PROFILE #12;Distributed Energy Project

    387

    Ylides: Stabilization of Novel, Low Valent Carbon-Based Ligands with Applications in Catalysis  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    2 Dipp NBS N PBr 3 Dipp N Ni(COD) 2 Dipp N X PPh 3 Br PPh 39 P Ph 2 Li(thf) x P 8 Ph 2 [RhCl(COD)] 2 Dipp N Rh -LiCl10 P Ph 2 CO -COD Dipp CO N Rh CO 11 P Ph 2 Scheme 2.4.

    Asay, Matt

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    388

    CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION INSIDE BEAM CHAMBERS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Petroleum Institute, and CENPES/Petrobrás in Brazil. REFERENCES Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP). 1999. http://www.anp.gov.br. Alvarez, P.J.J. and Vogel, T.M. 1995. Degradation of BTEX and their aerobic

    Kemner, Ken

    389

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B1 (CF3Br) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.45665 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.50 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 210.5 eV Minimum ionization 1.513 MeV g-1cm2 2.270 MeV...

    390

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B2 (CF2Br2) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.44901 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.80 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 284.9 eV Minimum ionization 1.445 MeV g-1cm2 2.601...

    391

    Thomas, J.R. and Clem, A.W, 1991, PWR moderator temperature coefficient via noise analysis: time series methods, Proceedings of SMORNVI, Gatlinburg, 34.01  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Nucl. Technology 56:484. Tylee, J.L., 1983, On­line failure detection in nuclear power plant in nuclear power plants, Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Advances in Human Factors Research on Man networks to the operations of nuclear power plants, Nuclear Safety, 32:68 Upadhyaya, B.R., and Kitamura, M

    Pázsit, Imre

    392

    CROSSED MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF CHEMILUMINESCENT REACTIONS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    L , and M. A. D. F1uendy, Chemic 1ecular Beam 12. A. KantrowP. R. Br J I I Lawley. Chemic al an and 1ey, Chern. I 5) were of brass and chemic Each lens ho 1 der consists of a

    Kahler, Carol Cuzens

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    393

    CD146 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in human breast tumors and with enhanced motility in breast cancer cell lines  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    (Asterand, Detroit, MI, USA). ZR-75-30, T47D, BrCA-MZ-02, MDA-MB-453, MDA-MB- 231, MDA-MB-436 and BT549 cells were cultured in RPMI (Cambrex, Verviers, Belgium) supplemented with 10% heat- inactivated FCS (Invitrogen, Paisley, UK). MCF-7 cells were cultured...

    Zabouo, Gwladys; Imbert, Anne-Marie; Jacquemier, Jocelyne; Finetti, Pascal; Moreau, Thomas; Esterni, Benjamin; Birnbaum, Daniel; Bertucci, Francois; Chabannon, Christian

    2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    394

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by Country, Class, and Depth (quantities in GW)<br> 2012-07-12T22:51:45Z 2012-07-13T20:49:20Z I am submitting data from...

    395

    8. R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh,  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh, Ptodu@tlzm Dtioi oa Ilr 1% w% 3, ?. o8nrig110, ahior, Mudlo0.x 8anlpllnQ Plan4 T'RM8pBR OP MXDDIBm XHVBNTORY 01 SF yU'R:'W8 * Ilr;...

    396

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The data is broken down into production, net imports, consumption by sector and price.<br> 2011-07-29T20:18:45Z 2011-08-31T17:50:04Z http:www.eia.govoiaf...

    397

    AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Texas Regional...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br> 2011-08-08T14:57:52Z 2011-08-16T23:43:11Z http:www.eia.gov...

    398

    6 MaxPlanckForschung 4 | 11 ,,Intelligenz", so Chaim Weizmann, ,,ist der  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    - chen Chemie, Wirtschaft und Weltraumfor- schunghervorgebracht­dasbelegtdiehohe wissenschaftliche. Während am Anfang der deutsch-israeli- schen Beziehungen nach dem Holocaust auf deutscher Seite vor allem deutsch-israe- lischen Beziehungen kam der Wissenschaft nach 1945 die Rolle eines Brückenbauers zu

    399

    AFSLUTNINGSRAPPORT Journal nr. 33031-0066  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ethanol. Endelig er det testet at øge konceptets udbytte ved at producere biogas fra resten af det af gærceller. Fermentering (Xylose) Fermentering (Glucose) Fast brændstof Biogas proces ForbehandlingBiomasse BIOGAS ETHANOL Proces vand H2 Vådoxidation Enzymatisk hydrolysis + C6 fermentering Destillation Anaerob

    400

    Copyright 1983 by the American Psychological Association, Inc.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Timberlake, William D.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    401

    ~ .. -~' -. I-.' : -,'<- " 1 . 1  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    402

    Slide 1  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    t to o 1 10 0: :4 40 0 a am m B Br re ea ak k 10:40 to 11:00 am US Role in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Dan Collier (NMMSS) 11:00 am to 12:00 pm International Reporting Country...

    403

    ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR NRC WORK Additional Terms and Conditions for NRC Work -March 2012  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , the NRC may direct the Laboratory/DOE to not publish the work as a NUREG/CR, but publish as a Laboratory shall follow general guidance provided in NUREG/BR-0167, "Software Quality Assurance Program with the designation NUREG/IA-XXXX for international agreement reports or NUREG/CR-XXXX for contractor reports. Details

    404

    Classes Are Starting Soon! Prof"..roMI Photography G,aph~ o..,rgn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Simone Gori and Val HamburQer, then atthe UnOiersily of FreiburQ in Germany, is a noyel Yariation ofthe .... S~deshows > Mind~Br'" Combiml1iOll of the RO'il1illU_liKed_lilies ""d Enigma Gori and HamburQer

    405

    Image of John Whitehorn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Isngiis ^ -: I,e.ss s , ,!a s sR !.:"5 :'!a S s xt .: s siv . . .s .: II'b R "ra ; E E .- E .S . s[ 6{ 'qg R s F; .s\\ sR b'R :,t a -_ s - :d i.: U E I t* *EFRl.r r 'r'#| ...

    Whitehorn, John

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    406

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro­ ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air­ raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri­ nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are ``Disks in the Air

    California at Berkeley, University of

    407

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro- ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air- raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri- nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are "Disks in the Air

    Han, Richard Y.

    408

    Ris National Laboratory Technical University of Denmark November 2007 Ris Energy Report 6  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -produceret el konkurrencedyg- tigt i Danmark. Bioethanol er et lovende brændstof til transportsekto- ren, især andengenerations bioethanol produceret af planteaffald som fx halm. Andre flydende biobrændsler #12;Risø Energy advances in biomass conversion and significant changes in energy markets. We even have a new term, "modern

    409

    Heavy metal contamination in highway soils. Comparison of Corpus Christi, Texas and Cincinnati, Ohio shows organic matter is key to mobility  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    is located here. Also a fume hood suitable for radioactive work is here. Roghelio is the man to consult cool off (in a Erlenmeyer bottle under running water or using magnetic stirrer) before adding one drop of EtBr 2,5µl/50ml gel solution (stock solution's concentration is 10mg/ml) pipette stock solution

    Maynard, J. Barry

    410

    LAB USER MANUAL Version 2.0  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    under running water or using magnetic stirrer) before adding one drop of EtBr 2,5µl/50ml gel solution incubator is located here. Also a fume hood suitable for radioactive work is here. Roghelio is the man (stock solution's concentration is 10mg/ml) pipette stock solution inside the fume hood. Cast the gel

    Wahlberg, Niklas

    411

    Trauma exposure, PTSD and psychotic-like symptoms in post-conflict Timor Leste: an epidemiological survey  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -like ideas. Br J Clin Psychol 2007, 46(Pt 2):187201. 9. Freeman D, Fowler D: Routes to psychotic symptoms: trauma, anxiety and psychosis-like experiences. Psychiatry Res 2009, 169(2):107112.10. Odenwald M, Hinkel H, Schauer E, Schauer M, Elbert T, Neuner F...

    Soosay, Ian; Silove, Derrick; Bateman-Steel, Catherine; Steel, Zachary; Bebbington, Paul; Jones, Peter B; Chey, Tien; Ivancic, Lorraine; Marnane, Claire

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    412

    Notes: The Characteristics of Rosaries  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ), Druk .Kunchen Kabum ('Brug-kun-mkhyen-bka, bum) and in other texts. The String The material and composition of the string is another important factor. normally a string or thread of wool (1:1121') or cotton ( ,,-.') br gold (IIJ~";:) is used...

    Hochotsang, Kunga Yonten

    1973-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    413

    Lithium disulfide battery  

    SciTech Connect

    A negative electrode limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS.sub.2 positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole percent LiCl, 38 mole percent LiBr and 37 mole percent KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

    Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    414

    Global PV Grid Parity Global PV grid parity and market potential  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global PV Grid Parity Global PV grid parity and market potential. Data is courtesy of Sean Ong.<br> 2012-04-13T20:55:49Z 2012-06-06T21:02:36Z I am submitting data from...

    415

    EngOpt 2012 -International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July 2012.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    EngOpt 2012 - International Conference on Engineering Optimization Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-5 July, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Departamento de Matem´atica, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, 35400-000 - Ouro Preto - MG, Brazil E-mail: anderson

    Cruz, Frederico

    416

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic observations  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic-000 Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil, {lcalado, ana.claudia}@ieapm.mar.mil.br Acoustic tomography is now a well for an instantaneous sound speed field constructed from dynamical predictions for Cabo Frio, Brazil. The results show

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    417

    A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A New Species of Parodia (Cactaceae, Notocacteae) from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Marlon C. Machado Grande do Sul, Brazil. jlarocca@unisinos.br ABSTRACT . A new species, Parodia gaucha M. Machado & Larocca (Cactaceae, Notocacteae), from Encruzilhada do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is described and illustrated

    Zürich, Universität

    418

    Slide 1  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Test Facts 2004 2005 Injection Fluid Surface Water Formation Water pH 3.5 4.8 P CO2 (atm) 8 atm 1 atm Tracers Cl, Br Cl, d 18 O, d 2 H, SF 6 Injection Volume (m 3 ) 1.4 m 3 1.4...

    419

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Fuel Type from EIA AEO...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Fuel Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T16:04:28Z 2011-03-31T19:33:44Z...

    420

    Web Service Composition for Deductive Web Mining: A Knowledge Modelling Approach  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Morgan Kaufmann, 1995. 16. Sv´atek, V., Kosek, J., Labsk´y, M., Br´aza, J., Kavalec, M., Vacura, M., V Workshop on Web Semantics (WebS03), IEEE Computer Society 2003. 17. Sv´atek, V., Kosek, J., Vacura, M

    ten Teije, Annette

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    421

    page 1 of 4 Vrme-och strmningsteknik  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -fired single-stage LiBr­water absorption chiller given in the figure . The chiller generates a cooling power (-) and cooling capacity Q (kJ/kg refrigerant) for two cases: a. the reversible Carnot cycle where the refrigerant. A cooling tower is used for cooling the condenser water of a refrigeration system that has a heat rejection

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    422

    A solid oxide fuel cell system for buildings Florian Zink a,*, Yixin Lu b  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    online 7 November 2006 Abstract This paper examines an integrated solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) absorption heating and cooling system used for buildings. The inte- grated system can provide heating/cooling and of a pre-commercial SOFC system and a commercial LiBr absorption system, is performed. In the case study

    423

    New Zealand Energy Data: Liquid Biofuels Production (2007 - 2009...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy. Included here are the annual estimates of total production of biodiesel and bioethanol (2007 - 2009).<br> 2011-01-25T23:42:06Z 2011-01-27T19:24:54Z http:www.med.govt.nz...

    424

    Contribution of the PALB2 c.2323C>T [p. Q775X] Founder mutation in well-defined breast and/or ovarian cancer families and unselected ovarian cancer cases of French Canadian descent  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ] mutation carrier fam carrier in family F1469. Abbreviations: bilateral breast cancer (Bi Br), cerebra melanoma (Mel), stomach cancer (Sto), and uterine cancer (Ut). Age at asce diagnosis of cancer. Tischkowitz et al. BMC Medical Genetics 2013, 14:5 Page 4...

    Tischkowitz, Marc; Sabbaghian, Nelly; Hamel, Nancy; Pouchet, Carly; Foulkes, William D; Mes-Masson, Anne-Marie; Provencher, Diane M; Tonin, Patricia N

    2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    425

    T H E O F F I C I A L U N I V E R S I T Y H O U S I N G N E W S L E T T E R S U M M E R 2 0 0 9  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    'RE NOT USING THEM, AND USE A POWER STRIP THAT SENSES WHEN APPLIANCES ARE OFF, ELIMINATING "PHANTOM"OR "VAMPIRE" ENERGY USE. WHEN IT COMES TO BEING ENVIRONMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE, SMALL EFFORTS CAN MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE. WWW.NCSU.EDU/HOUSING WWW.NCSU.EDU/HOUSING DEAS BR GHT HIT THE SWITCH. HELP CONSERVE ENERGY ON CAMPUS

    426

    Experimental Results in the Comparison of Search Algorithms Used with Room Temperature Detectors  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Analysis of time sequence data was run for several higher resolution scintillation detectors using a variety of search algorithms, and results were obtained in predicting the relative performance for these detectors, which included a slightly superior performance by CeBr{sub 3}. Analysis of several search algorithms shows that inclusion of the RSPRT methodology can improve sensitivity.

    Guss, P., Yuan, D., Cutler, M., Beller, D.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    427

    TMS 2002 Annual Meeting & Exhibition  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Feb 19, 2002 ... potliners and various electric drying and preheat- ing systems. In close ..... HART has implemented a third generation. Heating .... Malco) and abroad (SaAz & BrAz in Russia). ..... Less than 1 percent of the metal is lost in the...

    428

    Islets 3:6, 320-326; November/December 2011; 2011 Landes Bioscience RESEARCH PAPER  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    for recombination in the intermediate-sized clusters n=8­10 are extremely long, and in these cases with Br- and I products. This process is studied experimentally using time-resolved, pump-probe techniques, is explained by the presence of a solvent-induced well on the A state, the depth of which directly corresponds

    Aluffi, Paolo

    429

    James M. Coughlan Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of the Problem 3-D lines in Manhattan scene project to lines on uv image plane. cr ar fu rr rr = cr br fv rr rrJames M. Coughlan Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute Manhattan World: Orientation and Outlier Detection by Bayesian Inference #12;Application of the statistics of edges: Manhattan World Many scenes

    Coughlan, James M.

    430

    Atriopeptin II and 8-bromo-cGMP lower Ca/sup 2 +/ in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells  

    SciTech Connect

    Atriopeptin II (ANP) or 8-Bromo-cGMP (8-Br-cGMP) decreased the levels of intracellular Ca/sup 2 +/ in Angiotensin II- (Ang) or K/sup +/-stimulated cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. Cytoplasmic Ca/sup 2 +/, measured by fura-2 fluorescence, was maximal at 30 to 60 sec following the addition of either Ang or KCl. Pretreatment of smooth muscle cells with ANP or 8-Br-cGMP diminished peak levels of Ca/sup 2 +/ in response to Ang or KCl. Because the source of Ca/sup 2 +/ mobilized by KCl was extracellular while that mobilized by Ang was intracellular, these results suggested that ANP and 8-Br-cGMP did not inhibit the mobilization of Ca/sup 2 +/. This was further supported by studies on the effects of ANP and 8-Br-cGMP on inositol polyphosphate production in cells labelled with /sup 3/H-inositol. Ang, but not KCl, produced time-dependent increases in inositol polyphosphates. On the other hand, they have observed that cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGPK), but not cAMP-dependent protein kinase, caused a 4-fold stimulation of Ca/sup 2 +/ ATPase activity in crude microsomal fractions from cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. These results suggest that ANP and 8-Br-cGMP may lower Ca/sup 2 +/ mobilized by Ang or KCl by enhancing Ca/sup 2 +/ efflux or resequestration possibly through the stimulation of a Ca/sup 2 +/ ATPase pump.

    Cornwell, T.L.; Rashatwar, S.S.; Lincoln, T.M.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    431

    NMMSS News, March 2006  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    6 6 SPONSORED BY DOE AND NRC PREPARED BY NAC INTERNATIONAL Modification of NRC's Two NMMSS Reporting NUREGs In the August/September 2005 NMMSS News, the NRC placed an article noting that it had directed NMMSS to start accepting transaction reports from Licensees reporting Rounding Adjustments. Since that time, the NRC has modified NUREG/BR-0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 through the issuance of an "errata" sheet for each NUREG to document the approval for reporting rounding adjustments. The modification was performed at the request of licensees who wanted NRC to formally note that licensees may to report "rounding adjustments" to NMMSS. On February 7, 2006, the NRC's public web site was updated to include an "errata" sheet as part of

    432

    W  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    br". br". r:' W ashington, DC 20545 Mr. Carl Schafer Director of Environmental Polic y O ffice of the Deputy Assistant Secretary ~ of Defense for Installations Pentagon W ashington, D.C. 20301 Dear Mr. Schafer: As you know, the Department of Energy (DOE) is implementing a program to identify s ites that may be radiologically contaminated as a result of .DOE predecessor operations and to correct any problems associated with this contamination if there is DOE authority to do so; Reviews of historical materials,from the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and Atomic Energy Commis s ion (AEC) era conducted in support of this program have identified a number,of active and former Department of Defense (DOD) installations and D O D contractor s ites involved in activities related to the MED/AEC

    433

    Northern Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop, Inc Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Electric Coop, Inc Place South Dakota Utility Id 13750 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png RATE 1055 Irrigation- Direct Controlled Commercial RATE 1057 Irrigation- Uncontrolled Commercial RATE 1223 Irrigation (Pivot Drive) Commercial RATE B004 (Single/Multi Phase - Commercial) Commercial RATE BR 24 Industrial Interruptible Industrial RATE BR10-11-15-17 FR10 Sub-Metered Heating/Cooling/Crop Drying Commercial

    434

    PowerPoint Presentation  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    Technology Technology Radar V-V NaNiCl2 Li-ion ZnCl2 Pb-A NiCad H2Br2 ZnBr2 NiMH NaS Fe2Cr3 trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble trouble Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! Opportunity ! 2  Bridge the gap to the practical application of a mature and high-performance electrochemistry for grid storage.  Provide the required application definition with utility and other customer input to optimize benefits to the community  Facilitate technology and system development in 2010 - 2011  Field demonstration at PG&E Modular Generation Substation early 2012  Field deployment at Modesto Irrigation District late 2012 Proof of Principle Technology

    435

    U  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    JULY/AUGUST 2007 JULY/AUGUST 2007 NMMSS Upgrade Status The Department of Energy (DOE), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), NMMSS staff and Washington Savannah River Company staff participated in a meeting on August 21-22 to discuss the status of the NMMSS Upgrade. All parties agreed that the remaining project and implementation schedule should allow for the potential use of contingency. The team expects that during the summer of 2008, full parallel testing of the NMMSS Upgrade will occur. In addition, DOE and NRC jointly concurred with a proposed NRC revision of the effective date of NUREG/BR-0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 until January 1, 2009, to allow for potential contingency. The NRC representative informed the attendees that the NRC will seek to enact this revision.

    436

    Results from the Crystal Ball at DORIS II  

    SciTech Connect

    Results are presented from studies of the inclusive photon spectra in hadronic decays of the UPSILON' and UPSILON and the exclusive channel UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma gamma..UPSILON ..-->.. ..cap alpha cap alpha..l/sup +/l/sup -/, by the Crystal Ball detector at DORIS II. We measure two signals in the UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma.. + anything inclusive channel at E(..gamma..) == 108.3 +- 0.9 +- 3.0 MeV and at E(..gamma..) == 127.5 +- 1.2 +- 4.0 MeV. Branching ratios obtained for these signals are: BR(UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma..(108) + anything) == (6.3 +- 1.3 +- 1.4)% BR(UPSILON' ..-->.. ..gamma..(128) + anything) == (6.0 +- 1.3 +- 1.4)%.

    Gaiser, J.E.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    437

    Standard test method for determination of bromine and chlorine in UF6 and uranyl nitrate by X-Ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    1.1 This method covers the determination of bromine (Br) and chlorine (Cl) in uranium hexafluoride (UF6) and uranyl nitrate solution. The method as written covers the determination of bromine in UF6 over the concentration range of 0.2 to 8 ?g/g, uranium basis. The chlorine in UF6 can be determined over the range of 4 to 160 ?g/g, uranium basis. Higher concentrations may be covered by appropriate dilutions. The detection limit for Br is 0.2 ?g/g uranium basis and for Cl is 4 ?g/g uranium basis. 1.2 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    438

    PYOMELANIN IS PRODUCED BY SHEWANELLA ALGAE BRY AND EFFECTED BY EXOGENOUS IRON  

    SciTech Connect

    Melanin production by S. algae BrY occurred during late/post-exponential growth in lactate-basal-salts liquid medium supplemented with tyrosine or phenylalanine. The antioxidant ascorbate inhibited melanin production, but not production of the melanin precursor, homogentisic acid. In the absence of ascorbate, melanin production was inhibited by the 4-hydroxyplenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor, sulcotrione and Fe(II) (>0.2mM). These data support the hypothesis that pigment production by S. algae BrY was a result the conversion of tyrosine or phenylalanine to homogentisic acid which was excreted, auto-oxidized and self-polymerized to form pyomelanin. The inverse relationship between Fe(II) concentration and pyomelanin production has implications that pyomelanin may play a role in iron assimilation under Fe(II) limiting conditions.

    Turick, C; Frank Caccavo, F; Jr., J; Louis S. Tisa, L

    2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    439

    Measurement of W and Z production cross-sections in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The cross sections for W and Z production in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV are measured using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The detected final states are W {yields} ev{sub e}, Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}, W {yields} {mu}v{sub {mu}}, and Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup {minus}}. In the ratio of these measurements, many common sources of systematic error cancel and we measure R = {sigma},(p{bar p} {yields} W) {center_dot} Br(W {yields} lv)/ {sigma},(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} l{sup +}l{sup {minus}}). Assuming standard model couplings, this result is used to determine the width of the W bosom and to set a limit on the decay W{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}.

    Quintas, P.Z.; D0 Collaboration

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    440

    $\\rho-\\omega-$Interference in $J/\\psi-$Decays and $\\rho\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ Decay  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We study $\\rho-\\omega-$interference by analyzing $J/\\psi\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0\\pi^0$. PDG-2002 data on $J/\\psi$ decays into $PP$ and $PV$ ($P$ denotes pseudoscalar mesons; $V$, vector mesons) are used to fit a generic model which describes the $J/\\psi$ decays. From the fits, we obtain anomalously large branching ratio $Br(\\rho^0\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0)\\sim 10^{-3}-10^{-2}$. A theoretical analysis for it is also provided, and the prediction is in good agreement with the anomalously large $Br(\\rho^0\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0)$. By the fit, we also get the $\\eta-\\eta'-$mixing angle $\\theta=-19.68^o\\pm 1.49^o$ and the constituent quark mass ratio $m_u/m_s\\sim 0.6$ which are all reasonable.

    Fang, L; Huang, Y B; Yan, M L; Fang, Liu; Jin, Li; Huang, Yi-Bin; Yan, Mu-Lin

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    441

    DETERMINING THE RATIO OF THE H+ YIELDS TV TO H+ YIELDS TB DECAY RATES FOR LARGE TAN BETA AT THE LARGE HADRON COLLIDER.  

    SciTech Connect

    We present results on the determination of the observable ratio R = BR(H{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}{sup -})/BR(H{sup +} {yields} t{bar b}) of charged Higgs boson decay rates as a discriminant quantity between Supersymmetric and non-Supersymmetric models. Simulation of measurements of this quantity through the analysis of the charged Higgs production process gb {yields} tbH{sup +} and relative backgrounds in the two above decay channels has been performed in the context of ATLAS. A {approx} 12-14% accuracy on R can be achieved for tan {beta} = 50, m{sub H{sup {+-}}} = 300-500 GeV and after an integrated luminosity of 300 fb{sup -1}. With this precision measurement, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can easily discriminate between models for the two above scenarios, so long as tan {beta} > 20.

    ASSAMAGAN,K.A.GUASCH,J.MORETTI,S.PENARANDA,S.

    2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    442

    Unveiling Residual Molecular Binding in Triply Charged Hydrogen Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present an experimental and theoretical study of triply charged hydrogen bromide ions formed by photoionization of the inner 3d shell of Br. The experimental results, obtained by detecting the 3d photoelectron in coincidence with the two subsequent Auger electrons, are analyzed using calculated potential energy curves of HBr{sup 3+}. The competition between the short-range chemical binding potential and the Coulomb repulsion in the dissociative process is shown. Two different mechanisms are observed for double Auger decay: one, a direct process with simultaneous ejection of two Auger electrons to final HBr{sup 3+} ionic states and the other, a cascade process involving double Auger decay characterized by the autoionization of Br*{sup +} ion subsequent to the HBr{sup 2+} fragmentation.

    Penent, F.; Lablanquie, P.; Palaudoux, J.; Gamblin, G.; Carniato, S. [UPMC, Universite Paris 06, LCPMR, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [CNRS, LCPMR (UMR 7614), 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Andric, L. [UPMC, Universite Paris 06, LCPMR, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [CNRS, LCPMR (UMR 7614), 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [Universite Paris-Est, 5 boulevard Descartes, 77454 Marne-la-Vallee Cedex 2 (France); Hikosaka, Y. [Department of Environmental Science, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan); Ito, K. [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, Oho, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)

    2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    443

    Lepton Universality Test in Upsilon(1S) Decays at BaBar  

    SciTech Connect

    Using a sample of 122 million {Upsilon}(3S) decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, we measure the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} = BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -})/BR({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}); the measurement is intended as a test of lepton universality and as a possible search for a light pseudoscalar Higgs boson in Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) scenarios. Such a boson could appear in a deviation of the ratio R{sub {tau}{mu}} from the Standard Model expectation, that is 1, except for small lepton mass corrections. The analysis exploits the decays {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {Upsilon}(1S){pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, {Upsilon}(1S) {yields} l{sup +}l{sup -}, where l = {mu},{tau}.

    Guido, Elisa; /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    444

    Evidence for $\\eta_{c} \\rightarrow \\gamma\\gamma$ and Measurement of $J/\\psi\\rightarrow 3\\gamma$  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The decay of $J/\\psi$ to three photons is studied using $\\psi^\\prime\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-J/\\psi$ in a sample of 106 million $\\psi^\\prime$ events collected with the BESIII detector. First evidence of the decay $\\eta_c\\to\\gamma\\gamma$ is reported, and the product branching fraction is determined to be $\\br{J/\\psi\\to\\gamma\\eta_c,\\eta_c\\to \\gamma\\gamma}=(4.5\\pm1.2\\pm0.6)\\times10^{-6}$, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The branching ratio for the direct decay is $\\br{J/\\psi\\to3\\gamma} = (11.3\\pm1.8\\pm2.0)\\times 10^{-6}$.

    Ablikim, M; Ambrose, D J; An, F F; An, Q; An, Z H; Bai, J Z; Ban, Y; Becker, J; Bertani, M; Bian, J M; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Bytev, V; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, Y P; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; Ding, W M; Ding, Y; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Feng, C Q; Ferroli, R B; Fu, C D; Fu, J L; Gao, Y; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y P; Han, Y L; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, M; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Huang, G M; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y P; Hussain, T; Ji, C S; Ji, Q; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Jing, F F; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kavatsyuk, M; Kuehn, W; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, Q J; Li, S L; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, X R; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Liao, X T; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, C Y; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, H W; Liu, J P; Liu, K Y; Liu, Kai; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X H; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lu, G R; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, Q W; Lu, X R; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Ma, C L; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X Y; Ma, Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Morales, C Morales; Motzko, C; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nicholson, C; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Park, J W; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prencipe, E; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Sarantsev, A; Schaefer, B D; Schulze, J; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, X Y; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Sun, D H; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B Q; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, X L; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z Y; Wei, D H; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, Q G; Wen, S P; Werner, M; Wiedner, U; Wu, L H; Wu, N; Wu, S X; Wu, W; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, G M; Xu, H; Xu, Q J; Xu, X P; Xu, Z R; Xue, F; Xue, Z; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, J S; Yu, S P; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X J; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y S; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, H S; Zhao, J W; Zhao, K X; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, X H; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhong, J; Zhou, L; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhu, C; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S H; Zhu, X L; Zhu, X W; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y M; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    445

    The Large-Angle Photon Veto System for the NA62 Experiment at CERN  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    AbstractThe branching ratio (BR) for the decay K + ? ? + ? ? is a sensitive probe for new physics. The NA62 experiment at the CERN SPS will measure this BR to within about 10%. To reject the dominant background from channels with final state photons, the large-angle vetoes (LAVs) must detect photons of energy as low as 200 MeV with an inefficiency of less than 10 ?4, as well as provide energy and time measurements with resolutions of 10 % and 1 ns for 1 GeV photons. The LAV detectors make creative reuse of lead glass blocks recycled from the OPAL electromagnetic calorimeter barrel. We describe the mechanical design and challenges faced during construction, the characterization of the lead glass blocks and solutions adopted for monitoring their performance, and the development of front-end electronics to allow simultaneous time and energy measurements over an extended dynamic range using the time-over-threshold

    F. Ambrosino; B. Angelucci; A. Antonelli; F. Costantini; R. Fantechi; S. Gallorini; S. Giudici; E. Leonardi; I. Mannelli; P. Massarotti; M. Moulson; M. Napolitano; V. Palladino; F. Rafaelli; M. Raggi; G. Saracino; M. Serra; T. Spadaro; P. Valente; S. Venditti; F. Ambrosino; P. Massarotti; M. Napolitano

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    446

    THE BENZOFUR-ASS OF ISOCOJA TVRIGHTII.'-3 STRCCTURE ,AND STEREOCHEMISTRY.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    benzofurans.a -__ C ___ 1 3 4 5 6 S 9 10 11 12 13 14 I (3) - 6.6i ( 8 ) 8.li (d, 2.0) i.93 fdd, 2.0, S.i) i.43.88 fdd,2.0, 8.5: - - - 2.51 is: 1.73 1s) a) 4.93 (b3) br 5 OH (bs) - 5.00 (d,2.5) 6.li (d,2.5) 8

    Keinan, Ehud

    447

    Maximizing the Hydrogen Photoproduction Yields in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii Cultures: The Effect of the H2 Partial Pressure  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Photoproduction of H{sub 2} gas has been examined in sulfur/phosphorus-deprived Chalmydomonas reinhardtii cultures, placed in photobioreactors (PhBRs) with different gas phase to liquid phase ratios (V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p.}). The results demonstrate that an increase in the ratio stimulates H{sub 2} photoproduction activity in both algal suspension cultures and in algae entrapped in thin alginate films. In suspension cultures, a 4x increase (from {approx}0.5 to {approx}2) in V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p} results in a 2x increase (from 10.8 to 23.1 mmol l{sup -1} or 264-565 ml l{sup -1}) in the total yield of H{sub 2} gas. Remarkably, 565 ml of H{sub 2} gas per liter of the suspension culture is the highest yield ever reported for a wild-type strain in a time period of less than 190 h. In immobilized algae, where diffusion of H{sub 2} from the medium to the PhBR gas phase is not affected by mixing, the maximum rate and yield of H{sub 2} photoproduction occur in PhBRs with V{sub g.p.}/V{sub l.p} above 7 or in a PhBR with smaller headspace, if the H{sub 2} is effectively removed from the medium by continuous flushing of the headspace with argon. These experiments in combination with studies of the direct inhibitory effect of high H{sub 2} concentrations in the PhBR headspace on H{sub 2} photoproduction activity in algal cultures clearly show that H{sub 2} photoproduction in algae depends significantly on the partial pressure of H{sub 2} (not O{sub 2} as previously thought) in the PhBR gas phase.

    Kosourov, S. N.; Batyrova, K. A.; Petushkova, E. P.; Tsygankov, A. A.; Ghirardi, M. L.; Seibert, M.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    448

    A metabolomic investigation of the effects of vitamin E supplementation in humans  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ). Gelatine capsules containing 400 mg of natural (RRR) alpha- tocopheryl acetate (purity 98.9%) in vitamin E-stripped corn oil were purchased from Eurocaps Ltd. (Gwent, UK). Human study For this study 10 male subjects were recruited from within the University... in nutrition: a metabolomics case study. Br J Nutr 2007, 98:114. 28. Han X, Gross RW: Shotgun lipidomics: electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis and quantitation of cellular lipidomes directly from crude extracts of biological samples. Mass...

    Wong, Max; Lodge, John K

    2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    449

    I ERPO NE 2007 04 a 06 de junho de 2007 Recife / PE AVALIAO E CORREO DE VIS NO MODELO DE REGRESSO DE COX  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    31270-901 - Belo Horizonte ­ MG E-mail: {jangiovani,fcruz,enricoc}@ufmg.br Resumo O modelo de riscos viés de segunda ordem do EMVP. As simulações Monte Carlo indicam viés menor, sem aumento de variância present computational results for second-order bias evaluation and correction of MPLE's. Monte Carlos

    Cruz, Frederico

    450

    Search for the rare decays Bs -> mu+ mu- and B0 -> mu+ mu-  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search for the decays Bs -> mu+ mu- and B0 -> mu+ mu- is performed with 0.37 fb^-1 of pp collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment in 2011. The upper limits on the branching fractions are BR (Bs -> mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) mu+ mu-) < 3.2 x 10^-9 at 95% confidence level.

    LHCb Collaboration; R. Aaij; C. Abellan Beteta; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; C. Adrover; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; G. Alkhazov; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Anderson; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; F. Archilli; L. Arrabito; A. Artamonov; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; J. J. Back; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; W. Barter; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; S. Belogurov; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; S. Benson; J. Benton; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; T. Bird; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjrnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; D. Brett; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Bchler-Germann; I. Burducea; A. Bursche; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; Ch. Cauet; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; N. Chiapolini; K. Ciba; X. Cid Vidal; G. Ciezarek; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; A. Comerma-Montells; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; A. Cook; M. Coombes; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; R. Currie; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; P. David; P. N. Y. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; M. Deckenhoff; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; D. Derkach; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; P. Diniz Batista; F. Domingo Bonal; S. Donleavy; F. Dordei; P. Dornan; A. Dosil Surez; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; R. Dzhelyadin; A. Dziurda; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; D. van Eijk; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; R. Ekelhof; L. Eklund; Ch. Elsasser; D. Elsby; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estve; A. Falabella; E. Fanchini; C. Frber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; M. Fontana; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; J. Garofoli; J. Garra Tico; L. Garrido; D. Gascon; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; V. V. Gligorov; C. Gbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gndara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugs; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; E. Greening; S. Gregson; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; G. Haefeli; C. Haen; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; J. Harrison; P. F. Harrison; J. He; V. Heijne; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; E. Hicks; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; D. Hynds; V. Iakovenko; P. Ilten; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; A. Jaeger; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; M. Kaballo; S. Kandybei; M. Karacson; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; I. R. Kenyon; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; P. Koppenburg; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; K. Kreplin; M. Kreps; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; D. Lambert; R. W. Lambert; E. Lanciotti; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; C. Lazzeroni; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefranois; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; L. Li; L. Li Gioi; M. Lieng; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; N. Lopez-March; H. Lu; J. Luisier; A. Mac Raighne; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; S. Malde; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; R. Mrki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; A. Martn Snchez; D. Martinez Santos; A. Massafferri; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; M. Matveev; E. Maurice; B. Maynard; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; R. McNulty; C. Mclean; M. Meissner; M. Merk; J. Merkel; R. Messi; S. Miglioranzi; D. A. Milanes; M. -N. Minard; J. Molina Rodriguez; S. Monteil; D. Moran; P. Morawski; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; K. Mller; R. Muresan; B. Muryn; B. Muster; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; I. Nasteva; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; C. Nguyen-Mau; M. Nicol; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Nomerotski; A. Novoselov; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; S. Ogilvy; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    451

    Search for the rare decays Bs -->mumu and Bd -->mumu  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search for the decays Bs-->mumu and Bd-->mumu is performed with about 37 pb^{-1} of pp collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The observed numbers of events are consistent with the background expectations. The resulting upper limits on the branching ratios are BR(Bs-->mumu) mumu) <1.5 x 10^{-8} at 95% confidence level.

    LHCb Collaboration; R. Aaij; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; C. Adrover; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Amoraal; J. Anderson; R. B. Appleby; O. Aquines Gutierrez; L. Arrabito; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; R. J. Barlow; C. Barschel; S. Barsuk; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; E. Ben-Haim; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; M. van Beuzekom; A. Bien; S. Bifani; A. Bizzeti; P. M. Bjrnstad; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; E. Bos; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; T. Brambach; J. van den Brand; J. Bressieux; S. Brisbane; M. Britsch; T. Britton; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Bchler-Germann; A. Bursche; J. Buytaert; S. Cadeddu; J. M. Caicedo Carvajal; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; R. Cardinale; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; N. Chiapolini; X. Cid Vidal; P. J. Clark; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; M. Coombes; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; R. Currie; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; W. Da Silva; P. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; D. Decamp; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; M. Dima; P. Diniz Batista; S. Donleavy; D. Dossett; A. Dovbnya; F. Dupertuis; R. Dzhelyadin; C. Eames; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; S. Eidelman; D. van Eijk; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; L. Eklund; Ch. Elsasser; D. G. d'Enterria; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estve; A. Falabella; E. Fanchini; C. Frber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; P. Gandini; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; J. Garofoli; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; V. V. Gligorov; C. Gbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; H. Gordon; M. Grabalosa Gndara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugs; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; S. Gregson; B. Gui; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; T. Gys; G. Haefeli; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; P. F. Harrison; J. He; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; E. van Herwijnen; A. Hicheur; E. Hicks; W. Hofmann; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; V. Iakovenko; P. Ilten; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; F. Jing; M. John; D. Johnson; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; F. Kapusta; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; S. Koblitz; A. Konoplyannikov; P. Koppenburg; A. Kozlinskiy; L. Kravchuk; G. Krocker; P. Krokovny; F. Kruse; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; S. Kukulak; R. Kumar; T. Kvaratskheliya; V. N. La Thi; D. Lacarrere; G. Lafferty; A. Lai; R. W. Lambert; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; R. Le Gac; J. van Leerdam; J. -P. Lees; R. Lefvre; A. Leflat; J. Lefranois; O. Leroy; T. Lesiak; L. Li; Y. Y. Li; L. Li Gioi; M. Lieng; M. Liles; R. Lindner; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; N. Lopez-March; J. Luisier; B. M'charek; F. Machefert; I. V. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; A. Maier; S. Malde; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; R. Mrki; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; A. Martn Snchez; D. Martinez Santos; A. Massafferri; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; M. Matveev; V. Matveev; E. Maurice; B. Maynard; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; R. McNulty; C. Mclean; M. Meissner; M. Merk; J. Merkel; M. Merkin; R. Messi; S. Miglioranzi; D. A. Milanes; M. -N. Minard; S. Monteil; D. Moran; P. Morawski; J. V. Morris; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; K. Mller; R. Muresan; F. Murtas; B. Muryn; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; J. Nardulli; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; M. Nicol; S. Nies; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea; A. Ostankov; B. Pal; J. Palacios; M. Palutan; J. Panman; A. Papanestis; M. Pappagallo; C. Parkes; C. J. Parkinson; G. Passaleva; G. D. Patel; M. Patel; S. K. Paterson; G. N. Patrick; C. Patrignani; C. Pavel -Nicorescu; A. Pazos Alvarez; A. Pellegrino; G. Penso; M. Pepe Altarelli; S. Perazzini; D. L. Perego; E. Perez Trigo; A. Prez-Calero Yzquierdo; P. Perret; A. Petrella

    2011-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    452

    Inorganic rechargeable non-aqueous cell  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    A totally inorganic non-aqueous rechargeable cell having an alkali or alkaline earth metal anode such as of lithium, a sulfur dioxide containing electrolyte and a discharging metal halide cathode, such as of CuCl.sub.2, CuBr.sub.2 and the like with said metal halide being substantially totally insoluble in SO.sub.2 and admixed with a conductive carbon material.

    Bowden, William L. (Nashua, NH); Dey, Arabinda N. (Needham, MA)

    1985-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    453

    Le TCL pour des produits alatoires d'automorphismes du tore, exemples dans le cas stationnaire.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Le TCL pour des produits aléatoires d'automorphismes du tore, exemples dans le cas stationnaire la mesure m vers N(0, 1). Nous présentons des situations où un TCL quenched peut être obtenu, en Introduction, la question du TCL quenched pour un système bré 3 2 Cas indépendant 4 2.1 Trou spectral

    Frénod, Emmanuel

    454

    Thermochemistry ! part of thermodynamics (study of heat)  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    = q + w Heat !E = q hot cold no work, w = 0 In this case, q and !E are negative #12;Work !E = w) 2K + Br2 " 2KBr !H = !Hf fusion (!Hfus) NaCl(s) " NaCl(l) !H = !Hfus · Heat of fusion (!Hfus) NaCl(s) " NaCl(l) !H = !Hfus > 0 · Heat of vaporization (!Hvap) C6H6(l) " C6H6(g) !H

    Zakarian, Armen

    455

    Precision spectroscopic measurements in few-electron ions  

    SciTech Connect

    We describe recent precision experiments in few-electron ions including measurements of the lifetimes of two-photon-emitting levels in Ni{sup 26+} and Ni{sup 27+}, a measurement of the lifetime of the 2{sup 3}S{sub 1} level in Br{sup 33+} and measurements of the 2{sup 3}S{sub 1} {yields} 2{sup 3}{sub 0,1,2} transition energies in B{sup 3+}. 13 refs., 4 figs.

    Dunford, R.W.; Berry, H.G.; Church, D.A.; Dinneen, T.P.; Hass, M.; Liu, C.J.; Berrah-Mansour, N.; Pardo, R.C.; Raphaelian, M.L.A.; Young, L.; Zabransky, B.J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Curtis, L.J. (Toledo Univ., OH (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    456

    Khesbn NO. 7 - April 1956 - Journal  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    s -lgt lt] -lgb ,btr,ti.t .ttl l$D t! $ F? $ llft . . . l!yolrrhg: llD Dyrp'I1 tl tJyl ttl t NlJlt:N ll1 ,lt$:br6 -lNh$) y1yrt1 ry]N o'lNl - 11 ttl 1yfpr6 llylurx ,buyl3ltl lllt

    Admin, LAYCC

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    457

    C H A P T E R T H R E E Magnetic Stratigraphy in  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    scattering by Dolling et a1 (1979) and More et a1 (1980), using a Kubic harmonic expansion formalism for the ODF. The data for the latter study were re-analysed by Press et a1 (1979), extending the Kubic distribution function of C-Br bonds, P(R), where R = (6,a).Formally this can be given as an expansion in Kubic

    Mucci, Alfonso

    458

    The Alloy-Theoretic Automated Toolkit (ATAT): A User Guide Axel van de Walle  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    scattering by Dolling et a1 (1979) and More et a1 (1980), using a Kubic harmonic expansion formalism for the ODF. The data for the latter study were re-analysed by Press et a1 (1979), extending the Kubic distribution function of C-Br bonds, P(R), where R = (6,a).Formally this can be given as an expansion in Kubic

    van de Walle, Axel

    459

    Syntheses and properties of {kappa}-phase organic superconductors  

    SciTech Connect

    The syntheses and physical properties of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]X (X=Br and Cl) are summarized. The {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salt is the highest {Tc} radical-cation based ambient pressure organic superconductor ({Tc}=11.6 K), and the {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl salt becomes a superconductor at even higher {Tc} under 0.3 kbar hydrostatic pressure ({Tc}=12.8 K). The similarities and differences between {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} ({Tc}=10.4 K) are presented. The X-ray structures at 127 K reveal that the the S{hor_ellipsis}S contacts shorten between ET dimers in the former compound while the S{hor_ellipsis}S contacts shorten within dimers in the latter. The difference in their ESR linewidth behavior is also explained in terms of the structural differences. A semiconducting compound, (ET)Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, isolated during {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl synthesis is also reported. The ESR measurements of the {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl salt indicate that the phase transition near 40 K is similar to the spin density wave transition in (TMTSF){sub 2}SbF{sub 6}. A new class of organic superconductors, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu{sub 2}(CN){sub 3} and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu{sub 2}(CN){sub 3}-{delta}Br{delta}, is reported with {Tc}`s of 2.8 K (1.5 kbar) and 2.6 K (1 kbar), respectively.

    Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Schultz, A.J.; Williams, J.M.; Welp, U.; Darula, K.E.; Hitsman, V.M.; Lathrop, M.W.; Megna, L.A.; Mobley, P.R.; Yaconi, G.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Schirber, J.E.; Overmyer, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    460

    Assignment of the Raman spectra of some deuterated-BEDT-TTF superconductors.  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present the room-temperature Raman spectra of both the protonated and deuterated forms of kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br, kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2 and beta-(BEDT-TTF)2I3. Along with data for the neutral BEDT-TTF molecule these spectra are used to assign the many features in the spectra of the deuterated compounds.

    Eldridge, J. E.; Wang, H. H.; Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J. A.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of British Columbia

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    461

    New high- Tc benchmarks for organic and fullerene superconductors  

    SciTech Connect

    Superconductivity in the highest-{Tc} radical-cation ({kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})X, X=Br ({Tc}=11.6K), X=Cl ({Tc}=12.8 K, 0.3 kbar)) and radical-anion (K{sub x}C{sub 60}({Tc}=18.0 K), Rb{sub x}C{sub 60} ({Tc}=28.6 K)) organic superconductors is discussed. 21 refs., 5 figs.

    Williams, J.M.; Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Schultz, A.J.; Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Crabtree, G.W.; Fleshler, S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry); Schirber, J.E. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    462

    Doping Cu{sub 2}O in Electrolyte Solution: Dopant Incorporation, Atomic Structures and Electrical Properties  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We have pursued a number of research activities between April 2010 and April 2011: ? A detailed study on n-type doping in Cu2O by Br; ? An analysis of natural resource limitations to terawatt-scale solar cells; ? Attempt to achieve a 1.4-eV direct band gap in Ni sulfides (NiSx); ? First-principles studies of doping in Cu2O and electronic structures of NiSx.

    Tao, Meng; Zhang, Qiming

    2013-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    463

    Study of CANDU Thorium-based Fuel Cycles by Deterministic and Monte Carlo Methods  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , 81, 93 BR Breeding Ratio, taux de régénération : 47, 110 CANDU CANada Deuterium Uranium, réacteur oxyde de thorium . . . . . . . . . 15 1.2.2 Guides utiles à l'étude du cycle thorium en CANDU et en REP et modélisation des réacteurs étudiés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2.2.1 Le CANDU-6

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    464

    pour obtenir le diplme d'Habilitation Diriger des Recherches  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , 81, 93 BR Breeding Ratio, taux de régénération : 47, 110 CANDU CANada Deuterium Uranium, réacteur oxyde de thorium . . . . . . . . . 15 1.2.2 Guides utiles à l'étude du cycle thorium en CANDU et en REP et modélisation des réacteurs étudiés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 2.2.1 Le CANDU-6

    465

    CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF PHOTONUCLEAR REACTIONS IN THE PROPYL BROMIDES  

    SciTech Connect

    When nuclear reactions occur in atoms in molecules chemical changes follow as a result of the recoil of the product atoms. The nature of these chemical changes was studied intensively for a number of systems but in most cases the magnitude of the recoil energy was about the same. In the present studies use was made of a much greater recoil energy than that normally used. The reaction Br( gamma ,n)Br* gives a recoil bromine atom with an energy of the order of 10/sup 5/ ev, compared to 10/sup 2/ ev for the product of the Br(n, gamma )Br* reaction which is ususlly used. The chemical nature of the products resulting when the propyl bromides were irradiated with neutrons and 70-Mev gamma rays was studied by established techniques. It is possible to differentiate between the reactions which occur while the recoiling bromine atom still is highly energetic, or hot,'' and those which occur after it has been slowed down to thermal energies. The products of the hot reactions show little dependence on the intial recoil energy. In the case of the thermal reactions, the higher energy recoil produces a greater number of products which are different from the original molecules. This can be attributed to the presence of a higher concentration of free radical fragments which are produced in slowing down the higher energy recoiling atom. These fragments combine with the radioactive bromine after it has reached thermal energies to form a greater variety and amount of new products. (auth)

    Richardson, A.E.; Voigt, A.F.

    1956-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    466

    Understanding Long-Term Solute Transport in Sedimentary Basins: Simulating Brine Migration in the Alberta Basin. Final Report  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Mass transport in deep sedimentary basins places important controls on ore formation, petroleum migration, CO2 sequestration, and geochemical reactions that affect petroleum reservoir quality, but large-scale transport in this type of setting remains poorly understood. This lack of knowledge is highlighted in the resource-rich Alberta Basin, where geochemical and hydrogeologic studies have suggested residence times ranging from hundreds of millions of years to less than 5 My, respectively. Here we developed new hydrogeologic models that were constrained by geochemical observations to reconcile these two very different estimates. The models account for variable-density fluid flow, heat transport, solute transport, sediment deposition and erosion, sediment compressibility, and dissolution of salt deposits, including Cl/Br systematics. Prior interpretations of Cl/Br ratios in the Alberta Basin concluded that the brines were derived from evaporatively-concentrated brines that were subsequently diluted by seawater and freshwater; models presented here show that halite dissolution must have contributed strongly as well, which implies significantly greater rates of mass transport. This result confirms that Cl/Br ratios are subject to significant non-uniqueness and thus do not provide good independent indicators of the origin of brines. Salinity and Cl/Br ratios provided valuable new constraints for basin-scale models, however. Sensitivity studies revealed that permeabilities obtained from core- and field-scale tests were appropriate for basin-scale models, despite the differences in scale between the tests and the models. Simulations of groundwater age show that the residence time of porefluids in much of the basin is less than 100 My. Groundwater age increases with depth and approaches 200 My in the deepest part of the basin, but brines are significantly younger than their host rocks throughout the basin.

    Alicia M. Wilson

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    467

    Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Comparison of ammonia-water enthalpy data at 60°C 47 15 Comparison of H20 + LiBr vapor pressure data 49 16. METHOD AND SCOPE 2 2.1. FLUID PROPERTIES AND DATA 2 2.2. COARSE SCREENING OF LITERATURE DATA 3 3. DETAILED PRESENTATIONS AND TABULATIONS 4 3.1. REFRIGERANTS AND ABSORBENTS 4 3.2. FLUIDS, PROPERTIES

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    468

    Etude d'une centrale lectrique biomasse de 200 kWe. Quelle filire choisir ?  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    519 Etude d'une centrale électrique à biomasse de 200 kWe. Quelle filière choisir ? P. Garin GESER'énergie électrique par conversion thermody- namique en utilisant pour combustible de la biomasse. La première solution consiste à gazéifier la biomasse sous pression dans un four à pyrolyse, à brûler le gaz produit

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    469

    Detection of BCR-ABL Fusion mRNA Using Reverse Transcriptase Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    RT-PCR is commonly used for the detection of Bcr-Abl fusion transcripts in patients diagnosed with chronic myelogenous leukemia, CML. Two fusion transcripts predominate in CML, Br-Abl e13a2 and e14a2. They have developed reverse transcriptase isothermal loop-mediated amplification (RT-LAMP) assays to detect these two fusion transcripts along with the normal Bcr transcript.

    Dugan, L C; Hall, S; Kohlgruber, A; Urbin, S; Torres, C; Wilson, P

    2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    470

    11. CONTRACT ID CODE IPAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    agreementleveland:the data mustbe.:made av.ailabie.IO EERE 1 . 'i ARM.funding information:" ., ·1 Fund: 05194'~hinem A WJrtbeevajlial,ed'u,",qerlh~ OffI~Of 1 r EERE laboratory appralsalprocess·.I . . . . , !15. Repoitl(j9 Requ[r~I11 to EERE. . ARRA funding Inforrnatiom I fund: 05794, Approprlatlon: 89-09jfO·O~S1..Allottee: 30 B&R Code

    471

    EMPIRE: Nuclear Reaction Model Code System for Data Evaluation  

    SciTech Connect

    EMPIRE is a modular system of nuclear reaction codes, comprising various nuclear models, and designed for calculations over a broad range of energies and incident particles. A projectile can be a neutron, proton, any ion (including heavy-ions) or a photon. The energy range extends from the beginning of the unresolved resonance region for neutron-induced reactions ({approx} keV) and goes up to several hundred MeV for heavy-ion induced reactions. The code accounts for the major nuclear reaction mechanisms, including direct, pre-equilibrium and compound nucleus ones. Direct reactions are described by a generalized optical model (ECIS03) or by the simplified coupled-channels approach (CCFUS). The pre-equilibrium mechanism can be treated by a deformation dependent multi-step direct (ORION + TRISTAN) model, by a NVWY multi-step compound one or by either a pre-equilibrium exciton model with cluster emission (PCROSS) or by another with full angular momentum coupling (DEGAS). Finally, the compound nucleus decay is described by the full featured Hauser-Feshbach model with {gamma}-cascade and width-fluctuations. Advanced treatment of the fission channel takes into account transmission through a multiple-humped fission barrier with absorption in the wells. The fission probability is derived in the WKB approximation within the optical model of fission. Several options for nuclear level densities include the EMPIRE-specific approach, which accounts for the effects of the dynamic deformation of a fast rotating nucleus, the classical Gilbert-Cameron approach and pre-calculated tables obtained with a microscopic model based on HFB single-particle level schemes with collective enhancement. A comprehensive library of input parameters covers nuclear masses, optical model parameters, ground state deformations, discrete levels and decay schemes, level densities, fission barriers, moments of inertia and {gamma}-ray strength functions. The results can be converted into ENDF-6 formatted files using the accompanying code EMPEND and completed with neutron resonances extracted from the existing evaluations. The package contains the full EXFOR (CSISRS) library of experimental reaction data that are automatically retrieved during the calculations. Publication quality graphs can be obtained using the powerful and flexible plotting package ZVView. The graphic user interface, written in Tcl/Tk, provides for easy operation of the system. This paper describes the capabilities of the code, outlines physical models and indicates parameter libraries used by EMPIRE to predict reaction cross sections and spectra, mainly for nucleon-induced reactions. Selected applications of EMPIRE are discussed, the most important being an extensive use of the code in evaluations of neutron reactions for the new US library ENDF/B-VII.0. Future extensions of the system are outlined, including neutron resonance module as well as capabilities of generating covariances, using both KALMAN and Monte-Carlo methods, that are still being advanced and refined.

    Herman, M. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)], E-mail: mwherman@bnl.gov; Capote, R. [Nuclear Data Section, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse, A-1400 Vienna (Austria); Carlson, B.V. [Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, 12228-900, SP, Sao Jose dos Campos (Brazil); Oblozinsky, P. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States); Sin, M. [Nuclear Physics Department, Bucharest University, P.O. Box MG-11, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Trkov, A. [Jozef Stefan Institute, Reactor Physics Division R-1, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Wienke, H. [Belgonucleaire, Dessel, B2480 (Belgium); Zerkin, V. [Nuclear Data Section, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    472

    Observations on vapor pressure in SPR caverns : sources.  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The oil of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) represents a national response to any potential emergency or intentional restriction of crude oil supply to this country, and conforms to International Agreements to maintain such a reserve. As assurance this reserve oil will be available in a timely manner should a restriction in supply occur, the oil of the reserve must meet certain transportation criteria. The transportation criteria require that the oil does not evolve dangerous gas, either explosive or toxic, while in the process of transport to, or storage at, the destination facility. This requirement can be a challenge because the stored oil can acquire dissolved gases while in the SPR. There have been a series of reports analyzing in exceptional detail the reasons for the increases, or regains, in gas content; however, there remains some uncertainty in these explanations and an inability to predict why the regains occur. Where the regains are prohibitive and exceed the criteria, the oil must undergo degasification, where excess portions of the volatile gas are removed. There are only two known sources of gas regain, one is the salt dome formation itself which may contain gas inclusions from which gas can be released during oil processing or storage, and the second is increases of the gases release by the volatile components of the crude oil itself during storage, especially if the stored oil undergoes heating or is subject to biological generation processes. In this work, the earlier analyses are reexamined and significant alterations in conclusions are proposed. The alterations are based on how the fluid exchanges of brine and oil uptake gas released from domal salt during solutioning, and thereafter, during further exchanges of fluids. Transparency of the brine/oil interface and the transfer of gas across this interface remains an important unanswered question. The contribution from creep induced damage releasing gas from the salt surrounding the cavern is considered through computations using the Multimechanism Deformation Coupled Fracture (MDCF) model, suggesting a relative minor, but potentially significant, contribution to the regain process. Apparently, gains in gas content can be generated from the oil itself during storage because the salt dome has been heated by the geothermal gradient of the earth. The heated domal salt transfers heat to the oil stored in the caverns and thereby increases the gas released by the volatile components and raises the boiling point pressure of the oil. The process is essentially a variation on the fractionation of oil, where each of the discrete components of the oil have a discrete temperature range over which that component can be volatized and removed from the remaining components. The most volatile components are methane and ethane, the shortest chain hydrocarbons. Since this fractionation is a fundamental aspect of oil behavior, the volatile component can be removed by degassing, potentially prohibiting the evolution of gas at or below the temperature of the degas process. While this process is well understood, the ability to describe the results of degassing and subsequent regain is not. Trends are not well defined for original gas content, regain, and prescribed effects of degassing. As a result, prediction of cavern response is difficult. As a consequence of this current analysis, it is suggested that solutioning brine of the final fluid exchange of a just completed cavern, immediately prior to the first oil filling, should be analyzed for gas content using existing analysis techniques. This would add important information and clarification to the regain process. It is also proposed that the quantity of volatile components, such as methane, be determined before and after any degasification operation.

    Munson, Darrell Eugene

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    473

    Microsoft Word - NMMSS News DEC 23 08 Update.doc  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    IS SPONSORED BY DOE AND NRC IS SPONSORED BY DOE AND NRC NMMSS news PUBLISHED PERIODICALLY BY & FOR NMMSS USERS December 23, 2008 SPECIAL EDITION NUREG/BR-0007, Rev.6 Published The NRC wishes to inform industry that it has published its update of NUREG/BR-0007. This NUREG was updated to reflect changes to NMMSS reports that become effective January 1, 2009. Link to the updated NUREG: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/nuregs/brochures/br0007/r6/index.html ∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼ Additional Protocol Treaty Rule issued by the NRC On December 23, 2008, the Federal Register published the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's

    474

    Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the carbohydrate-binding region of the Streptococcus gordonii adhesin GspB  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The carbohydrate-binding region of the bacterial adhesin GspB from Streptococcus gordonii strain M99 (GspB{sub BR}) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified using affinity and size-exclusion chromatography. Separate sparse-matrix screening of GspB{sub BR} buffered in either 20 mM Tris pH 7.4 or 20 mM HEPES pH 7.5 resulted in different crystallographic behavior such that different precipitants, salts and additives supported crystallization of GspB{sub BR} in each buffer. While both sets of conditions supported crystal growth in space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, the crystals had distinct unit-cell parameters of a = 33.3, b = 86.7, c = 117.9 {angstrom} for crystal form 1 and a = 34.6, b = 98.3, c = 99.0 {angstrom} for crystal form 2. Additive screening improved the crystals grown in both conditions such that diffraction extended to beyond 2 {angstrom} resolution. A complete data set has been collected to 1.3 {angstrom} resolution with an overall R{sub merge} value of 0.04 and an R{sub merge} value of 0.33 in the highest resolution shell.

    Pyburn, Tasia M.; Yankovskaya, Victoria; Bensing, Barbara A.; Cecchini, Gary; Sullam, Paul M.; Iverson, T.M. (VA); (Vanderbilt); (UCSF)

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    475

    A Combined Gas-Phase Photoelectron Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study of Zeise's Anion and Its Bromine and Iodine Analogues  

    SciTech Connect

    We report the first photoelectron spectroscopic study of Zeises anion, [PtCl3(C2H4)], and its Br- and I- analogs in the gas phase. Well-resolved and rich spectral features are obtained for each species, yielding detailed electronic structure information, which is assigned with the aid of highlevel electronic structure calculations at the Coupled Cluster (CC) level of theory. The electron binding energies of [PtX3(C2H4)] are found to decrease with the size of halogen (4.57, 4.51, and 4.18 eV for X = Cl, Br, and I, respectively). The calculations indicate a synergistic ?2 interaction [with interaction strengths of 1.54 (Cl), 1.37 (Br) and 1.10 eV (I)] between the perpendicular C2H4 fragment and the nearly horizontal planar PtX3- anions, resulting in activating the ethylene molecule. The detailed insights of the chemical bonding and underlying electronic structure can be used to benchmark interactions between olefins and transition metal complexes, which are crucial to a wide range of catalytic processes.

    Hou, Gaolei; Wen, Hui; Lopata, Kenneth A.; Zheng, Weijun; Kowalski, Karol; Govind, Niranjan; Wang, Xue B.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

    2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    476

    Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 71  

    SciTech Connect

    The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for experimentally known nuclides of mass 71 (Mn,Fe,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Ga,Ge,As,Se,Br,Kr). Excited-state data are nonexistent for {sup 71}Mn, {sup 71}Fe, {sup 71}Co and {sup 71}Kr. Significant new data have been added since the last evaluation of A=71 nuclides by M. Bhat (1993Bh02). Excited states are now known in {sup 71}Ni and {sup 71}Cu, and enhanced information about high-spin excitations is available for {sup 71}Ga, {sup 71}As and {sup 71}Br. The decay schemes of radioactive isotopes {sup 71}Mn and {sup 71}Fe are not known at all, and those for {sup 71}Co, {sup 71m}Ni and {sup 71}Kr are not known well. For the decay of {sup 71}Cu, {sup 71g}Ni, and {sup 71}Br, extensive data are available, but in the opinion of the evaluators the decay schemes still seem incomplete. This work supersedes earlier full evaluations of A=71 published by 1988Bh01, 1979Ke06 and 1973Al33, and the last one published in 'update' mode by 1993Bh02.

    Abusaleem, Khalifeh [Physics Department, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan 11942 (Jordan); Singh, Balraj [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    477

    Papers from U.S. Department of Energy Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program (SULI) 2010  

    SciTech Connect

    The solvation sphere of halides in water has been investigated using a combination of extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis techniques. The results have indicated that I{sup -} and Br{sup -} both have an asymmetric, 8 water molecule primary solvation spheres. These spheres are identical, with the Br{sup -} sphere about .3 {angstrom} smaller than the I{sup -} sphere. This study utilized near-edge analysis to supplement EXAFS analysis which suffers from signal dampening/broadening due to thermal noise. This paper has reported on the solvation first sphere of I{sup -} and Br{sup -} in water. Using EXAFS and XANES analysis, strong models which describe the geometric configuration of water molecules coordinated to a central anion have been developed. The combination of these techniques has provided us with a more substantiated argument than relying solely on one or the other. An important finding of this study is that the size of the anion plays a smaller role than previously assumed in determining the number of coordinating water molecules. Further experimental and theoretical investigation is required to understand why the size of the anion plays a minor role in determining the number of water molecules bound.

    Not Available

    2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    478

    Spectral Signatures of the Pentagonal Water Cluster in Bacteriorhodopsin  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The exchange of protons between basic and acidic groups within proteins often involves transient protonation of amino acids and water molecules embedded in the protein matrix. One of the best studied proteins in this respect is Bacteriorohodopsin (BR), which works in the membrane of Halobacterium salinarium as a light-driven proton pump. The pumping process is triggered in the initial bR state by a photon absorption of an all-trans retinylidene chromophore, which is linked via a protonated Schiff base (pRSB) to the sidechain of Lys216. The subsequent photocycle comprises a series of intermediate states J, K, L, M, N and O, which are characterized by conformational and absorbance changes of the chromophore accompanying several elementary proton transfer processes. Upon completion of the photocycle one net proton has been transferred from the cyctoplasmic to the extracellular side against the proton gradient across the membrane. These proton exchange reactions can be monitored by time resolved infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the BR wild type and site specific mutants, which allow the localization of absorbance changes within the protein. Furthermore, these measurements have revealed the fundamental importance of internal water molecules in these processes as supported by recent large-scale QM/MM molecular dynamics studies of anharmonic IR spectra.

    Baer, M; Mathias, G; Kuo, I W; Tobias, D J; Mundy, C J; Marx, D

    2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    479

    Determination of the 242Pu Branching Ratio via Alpha-Gamma Coincidence  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    When the burn-up is high, the {sup 242}Pu isotopic content becomes more important. The traditional correlation method will fail. The {sup 242}Pu isotopic content in the sample plays an essential role if the neutron coincidence method is used to quantify the total amount of plutonium. In one of the earlier measurements we had a chance to measure an isotopic pure (> 99.95 %) {sup 242}Pu thick sample and realized that the difference in the branching ratio (BR) value among current nuclear data3) for the two important gamma-rays at 103.5-keV and 158.8-keV. In this study, the thick sample was counted on a 15% ORTEC safeguards type HPGe to further improve BR determination of the 159-keV gamma-ray. Furthermore, we have made a thin {sup 242}Pu sample from the thick sample and performed alpha-gamma coincidence measurements. Our preliminary gamma-ray BR results are 4.37(6) E-4, 2.79(8) E-5, and 2.25(8) E-6 for 44.9-keV, 103.5-keV, and 158.9-keV, respectively.

    Wang, T F

    2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    480

    Batch slurry photocatalytic reactors for the generation of hydrogen from sulfide and sulfite waste streams under solar irradiation  

    SciTech Connect

    In this study, two solar slurry photocatalytic reactors i.e., batch reactor (BR) and batch recycle reactor with continuous supply of inert gas (BRRwCG) were developed for comparing their performance. The performance of the photocatalytic reactors were evaluated based on the generation of hydrogen (H{sub 2}) from water containing sodium sulfide (Na{sub 2}S) and sodium sulfite (Na{sub 2}SO{sub 3}) ions. The photoreactor of capacity 300 mL was developed with UV-vis transparent walls. The catalytic powders ((CdS/ZnS)/Ag{sub 2}S + (RuO{sub 2}/TiO{sub 2})) were kept suspended by means of magnetic stirrer in the BR and gas bubbling and recycling of the suspension in the BRRwCG. The rate constant was found to be 120.86 (einstein{sup -1}) for the BRRwCG whereas, for the BR it was found to be only 10.92 (einstein{sup -1}). The higher rate constant was due to the fast desorption of products and suppression of e{sup -}/h{sup +} recombination. (author)

    Priya, R.; Kanmani, S. [Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai (India)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas br ookwood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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    481

    Synthesis and Structure of Technetium Trichloride  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Technetium trichloride has been synthesized by reaction of Tc{sub 2}(O{sub 2}CCH{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} with HCl(g) at 300 C. The mechanism of formation mimics the one described earlier in the literature for rhenium. Tc{sub 2}(O{sub 2}CCH{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 4} [P{sub T}; a = 6.0303(12) {angstrom}, b = 6.5098(13) {angstrom}, c = 8.3072(16) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 112.082(2){sup o}, {beta} = 96.667(3){sup o}, {gamma} = 108.792(3){sup o}; Tc-Tc = 2.150(1) {angstrom}] is formed as an intermediate in the reaction at 100 C. Technetium trichloride is formed above 250 C and is isostructural with its rhenium homologue. The structure consists of Tc{sub 3}Cl{sub 9} clusters [R{sub 3}m; a = b = 10.1035(19) {angstrom}, c = 20.120(8) {angstrom}], and the Tc-Tc separation is 2.444(1) {angstrom}. Calculations on TcX{sub 3} (X = Cl, Br) have confirmed the stability of TcCl{sub 3} and suggest the existence of a polymorph of TcBr{sub 3} with the ReBr{sub 3} structure.

    Poineau, Frederic; Johnstone, Erik V.; Weck, Philippe F.; Kim, Eunja; Forster, Paul M.; Scott, Brian L.; Sattelberger, Alfred P.; Czerwinski, Kenneth R. (UNLV); (LANL)

    2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    482

    Transition metal ion-assisted photochemical generation of alkyl halides and hydrocarbons from carboxylic acids  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Near-UV photolysis of aqueous solutions of propionic acid and aqueous Fe3+ in the absence of oxygen generates a mixture of hydrocarbons (ethane, ethylene and butane), carbon dioxide, and Fe2+. The reaction becomes mildly catalytic (about five turnovers) in the presence of oxygen which converts a portion of alkyl radicals to oxidizing intermediates that reoxidize Fe2+. The photochemistry in the presence of halide ions (X? = Cl?, Br?) generates ethyl halides via halogen atom abstraction from FeXn3?n by ethyl radicals. Near-quantitative yields of C2H5X are obtained at ?0.05 M X?. Competition experiments with Co(NH3)5Br2+ provided kinetic data for the reaction of ethyl radicals with FeCl2+ (k = (4.0 0.5) 106 M?1 s?1) and with FeBr2+ (k = (3.0 0.5) 107 M?1 s?1). Photochemical decarboxylation of propionic acid in the presence of Cu2+ generates ethylene and Cu+. Longer-chain acids also yield alpha olefins as exclusive products. These reactions become catalytic under constant purge with oxygen which plays a dual role. It reoxidizes Cu+ to Cu2+, and removes gaseous olefins to prevent accumulation of Cu+(olefin) complexes and depletion of Cu2+. The results underscore the profound effect that the choice of metal ions, the medium, and reaction conditions exert on the photochemistry of carboxylic acids.

    Carraher, Jack; Pestovsky, Oleg; Bakac, Andreja

    2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    483

    Novel Ternary Molten Salt Electrolytes for intermediate-temperature sodium/nickel chloride batteries  

    SciTech Connect

    The sodium-nickel chloride (ZEBRA) battery is typically operated at relatively high temperature (250~350C) to achieve adequate electrochemical performance. Reducing the operating temperature in the range of 150 to 200C can lead to enhanced cycle life by suppressing temperature related degradation mechanisms. The reduced temperature range also allows for lower cost materials of construction such as elastomeric sealants and gaskets. To achieve adequate electrochemical performance at lower operating temperatures requires an overall reduction in ohmic losses associated with temperature. This includes reducing the ohmic resistance of ?-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) and the incorporation of low melting point molten salt as the secondary electrolyte. In present work, planar-type Na/NiCl2 cells with a thin flat plate BASE (600 ?m) and low melting point secondary electrolyte were evaluated at reduced temperatures. Molten salt formulation for use as secondary electrolytes were fabricated by the partial replace of NaCl in the standard secondary electrolyte (NaAlCl4) with other lower melting point alkali metal salts such as NaBr, LiCl, and LiBr. Electrochemical characterization of the ternary molten salts demonstrated , improved ionic conductivity, and sufficient electrochemical window at reduced temperatures. Furthermore, Na/NiCl2 cells with 50 mol% NaBr-containing secondary electrolyte exhibited reduced polarizations at 175C compared to the cell with the standard NaAlCl4 catholyte. The cells also exhibited stable cycling performance even at 150oC.

    Li, Guosheng; Lu, Xiaochuan; Coyle, Christopher A.; Kim, Jin Yong; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Yang, Zhenguo

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    484

    ON A POSSIBLE SIZE/COLOR RELATIONSHIP IN THE KUIPER BELT  

    SciTech Connect

    Color measurements and albedo distributions introduce non-intuitive observational biases in size-color relationships among Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that cannot be disentangled without a well characterized sample population with systematic photometry. Peixinho et al. report that the form of the KBO color distribution varies with absolute magnitude, H. However, Tegler et al. find that KBO color distributions are a property of object classification. We construct synthetic models of observed KBO colors based on two B-R color distribution scenarios: color distribution dependent on H magnitude (H-Model) and color distribution based on object classification (Class-Model). These synthetic B-R color distributions were modified to account for observational flux biases. We compare our synthetic B-R distributions to the observed ''Hot'' and ''Cold'' detected objects from the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey and the Meudon Multicolor Survey. For both surveys, the Hot population color distribution rejects the H-Model, but is well described by the Class-Model. The Cold objects reject the H-Model, but the Class-Model (while not statistically rejected) also does not provide a compelling match for data. Although we formally reject models where the structure of the color distribution is a strong function of H magnitude, we also do not find that a simple dependence of color distribution on orbit classification is sufficient to describe the color distribution of classical KBOs.

    Pike, R. E.; Kavelaars, J. J., E-mail: repike@uvic.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    485

    Study of Exclusive B->X_u l nu Decays and Extraction of |V_{ub}| using Full Reconstruction Tagging at the Belle Experiment  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We report the results of a study of the exclusive semileptonic decays B->pi0lnu, B->pi+lnu, B->rho0lnu, B->rho+lnu and B->omegalnu, where l represents an electron or a muon. The events are tagged by fully reconstructing a second B meson in the event in a hadronic decay mode. The measured branching fractions are Br(B->pi0lnu) = (0.80 +- 0.08 +- 0.04)x10^-4, Br(B->pi+lnu) = (1.49 +- 0.09 +- 0.07)x10^-4, Br(B->rho0lnu) = (1.83 +- 0.10 +- 0.10)x10^-4, Br(B->rho+lnu) = (3.22 +- 0.27 +- 0.24)x10^-4, and Br(B->omegalnu) =(1.07 +- 0.16 +- 0.07)x10^-4, where the first error is statistical and the second one is systematic. The obtained branching fractions are inclusive of soft photon emission. We also determine the branching fractions as a function of the 4-momentum transfer squared to the leptonic system q^2=(p_l+p_nu)^2, where p_l and p_nu are the lepton and neutrino 4-momenta, respectively. Using the pion modes, a recent LCSR calculation, lattice QCD results and a model-independent description of the hadronic form factor, a value of the CKM matrix element |V_{ub}| = (3.52 +- 0.29)x10^-3 is extracted. For the first time, a charmless state with invariant mass greater than 1 GeV/c^2, which might be dominated by the decay B->f2lnu, is observed. These results are obtained from a 711 1/fb data sample that contains 772 millions BB pairs, collected near the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^+ e^- collider.

    Belle Collaboration; A. Sibidanov; K. E. Varvell; I. Adachi; H. Aihara; D. M. Asner; V. Aulchenko; T. Aushev; A. M. Bakich; A. Bala; A. Bozek; M. Bra?ko; T. E. Browder; V. Chekelian; P. Chen; B. G. Cheon; K. Chilikin; R. Chistov; I. -S. Cho; K. Cho; V. Chobanova; Y. Choi; D. Cinabro; J. Dalseno; M. Danilov; J. Dingfelder; Z. Doleal; Z. Drsal; A. Drutskoy; D. Dutta; S. Eidelman; D. Epifanov; H. Farhat; J. E. Fast; T. Ferber; A. Frey; V. Gaur; S. Ganguly; R. Gillard; Y. M. Goh; B. Golob; J. Haba; H. Hayashii; Y. Hoshi; W. -S. Hou; H. J. Hyun; T. Iijima; A. Ishikawa; R. Itoh; Y. Iwasaki; T. Julius; D. H. Kah; J. H. Kang; T. Kawasaki; C. Kiesling; D. Y. Kim; H. J. Kim; J. B. Kim; J. H. Kim; K. T. Kim; Y. J. Kim; J. Klucar; B. R. Ko; P. Kody; S. Korpar; P. Krian; P. Krokovny; B. Kronenbitter; T. Kuhr; A. Kuzmin; Y. -J. Kwon; S. -H. Lee; J. Li; Y. Li; J. Libby; Y. Liu; D. Liventsev; P. Lukin; D. Matvienko; K. Miyabayashi; H. Miyata; G. B. Mohanty; A. Moll; R. Mussa; Y. Nagasaka; E. Nakano; M. Nakao; Z. Natkaniec; M. Nayak; E. Nedelkovska; C. Ng; N. K. Nisar; S. Nishida; O. Nitoh; T. Nozaki; S. Ogawa; S. Okuno; S. L. Olsen; C. Oswald; H. Park; H. K. Park; T. K. Pedlar; R. Pestotnik; M. Petri?; L. E. Piilonen; M. Ritter; M. Rhrken; A. Rostomyan; S. Ryu; H. Sahoo; T. Saito; Y. Sakai; S. Sandilya; L. Santelj; T. Sanuki; Y. Sato; V. Savinov; O. Schneider; G. Schnell; C. Schwanda; K. Senyo; O. Seon; M. E. Sevior; M. Shapkin; V. Shebalin; C. P. Shen; T. -A. Shibata; J. -G. Shiu; F. Simon; P. Smerkol; Y. -S. Sohn; E. Solovieva; S. Stani?; M. Stari?; M. Steder; M. Sumihama; K. Sumisawa; T. Sumiyoshi; G. Tatishvili; Y. Teramoto; K. Trabelsi; T. Tsuboyama; M. Uchida; S. Uehara; T. Uglov; Y. Unno; S. Uno; P. Urquijo; Y. Ushiroda; S. E. Vahsen; C. Van Hulse; P. Vanhoefer; G. Varner; V. Vorobyev; M. N. Wagner; C. H. Wang; P. Wang; M. Watanabe; Y. Watanabe; K. M. Williams; E. Won; B. D. Yabsley; Y. Yamashita; S. Yashchenko; Y. Yook; Z. P. Zhang; V. Zhilich; V. Zhulanov; A. Zupanc

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    486

    Fabrication of large-volume, low-cost ceramic lanthanum halide scintillators for gamma ray detection : final report for DHS/DNDO/TRDD project TA-01-SL01.  

    SciTech Connect

    This project uses advanced ceramic processes to fabricate large, optical-quality, polycrystalline lanthanum halide scintillators to replace small single crystals produced by the conventional Bridgman growth method. The new approach not only removes the size constraint imposed by the growth method, but also offers the potential advantages of both reducing manufacturing cost and increasing production rate. The project goal is to fabricate dense lanthanum halide ceramics with a preferred crystal orientation by applying texture engineering and solid-state conversion to reduce the thermal mechanical stress in the ceramic and minimize scintillation light scattering at grain boundaries. Ultimately, this method could deliver the sought-after high sensitivity and <3% energy resolution at 662 keV of lanthanum halide scintillators and unleash their full potential for advanced gamma ray detection, enabling rapid identification of radioactive materials in a variety of practical applications. This report documents processing details from powder synthesis, seed particle growth, to final densification and texture development of cerium doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup +3}) ceramics. This investigation demonstrated that: (1) A rapid, flexible, cost efficient synthesis method of anhydrous lanthanum halides and their solid solutions was developed. Several batches of ultrafine LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup +3} powder, free of oxyhalide, were produced by a rigorously controlled process. (2) Micron size ({approx} 5 {micro}m), platelet shape LaBr{sub 3} seed particles of high purity can be synthesized by a vapor phase transport process. (3) High aspect-ratio seed particles can be effectively aligned in the shear direction in the ceramic matrix, using a rotational shear-forming process. (4) Small size, highly translucent LaBr{sub 3} (0.25-inch diameter, 0.08-inch thick) samples were successfully fabricated by the equal channel angular consolidation process. (5) Large size, high density, translucent LaBr{sub 3} ceramics samples (3-inch diameter, > 1/8-inch thick) were fabricated by hot pressing, demonstrating the superior manufacturability of the ceramic approach over single crystal growth methods in terms of size capability and cost. (6) Despite all these advances, evidence has shown that LaBr{sub 3} is thermally unstable at temperatures required for the densification process. This is particularly true for material near the surface where lattice defects and color centers can be created as bromine becomes volatile at high temperatures. Consequently, after densification these samples made using chemically prepared ultrafine powders turned black. An additional thermal treatment in a flowing bromine condition proved able to reduce the darkness of the surface layer for these densified samples. These observations demonstrated that although finer ceramic powders are desirable for densification due to a stronger driving force from their large surface areas, the same desirable factor can lead to lattice defects and color centers when these powders are densified at higher temperatures where material near the surface becomes thermally unstable.

    Boyle, Timothy J.; Ottley, Leigh Anna M.; Yang, Pin; Chen, Ching-Fong; Sanchez, Margaret R.; Bell, Nelson Simmons

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    487

    Biogenic formation of As-S nanotubes by diverse Shewanella strains  

    SciTech Connect

    Shewanella sp. strain HN-41 was previously shown to produce novel, photoactive, As-S nanotubes via the reduction of As(V) and S2O3 2* under anaerobic conditions. To determine if this ability was unique to this bacterium, 10 different Shewanella strains, including Shewanella sp. strain HN-41, Shewanella sp. strain PV-4, Shewanella alga BrY, Shewanella amazonensis SB2B, Shewanella denitrificans OS217, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, Shewanella putrefaciens CN-32, S. putrefaciens IR-1, S. putrefaciens SP200, and S. putrefaciens W3-6-1, were examined for production of As-S nanotubes under standardized conditions. Of the 10 strains examined, three formed As-S nanotubes like those of strain HN-41. While Shewanella sp. strain HN-41 and S.putrefaciens CN-32 rapidly formed As-S precipitates in 7 days, strains S. alga BrY and S. oneidensis MR-1 reduced As(V) at a much lower rate and formed yellow As-S after 30 days. Electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and extended X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy analyses showed that the morphological and chemical properties of As-S formed by strains S. putrefaciens CN-32, S. alga BrY, and S. oneidensis MR-1 were similar to those previously determined for Shewanella sp. strain HN-41 As-S nanotubes. These studies indicated that the formation of As-S nanotubes is widespread among Shewanella strains and is closely related to bacterial growth and the reduction rate of As(V) and thiosulfate.

    Jiang, Shenghua; Lee, Ji-Hoon; Kim, Min-Gyu; Myung, Nosang V.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Sadowsky, Michael J.; Hur, Hor-Gil

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    488

    Syntheses, crystal structures and properties of two unusual pillared-layer 3d-4f Ln-Cu heterometallic coordination polymers  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Two unusual pillared-layer 3d-4f Ln-Cu heterometallic coordination polymers, {l_brace}[Ln{sub 2}Cu{sub 5}Br{sub 4}(IN){sub 7}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].H{sub 2}O{r_brace}{sub n} (Ln=Eu (1) and Gd (2), HIN=isonicotinic acid), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions, and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, thermal analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure determination reveals that 1 and 2 are isostructural and feature a novel three-dimensional pillared-layer hetrometallic structure built upon the linkages of one-dimensional (1D) linear Ln-carboxylate chains, zero-dimensional (0D) Ln-carboxylate Ln{sub 2}(IN){sub 8} dimers, rare 1D zigzag [Cu{sub 5}Br{sub 4}]{sub n} inorganic chains and IN{sup -} pillars. In both 3D structures, there are Ln-carboxylate layers resulted from the connections of 1D Ln-carboxylate chains and 0D Ln{sub 2}(IN){sub 8} dimers through O-H...O hydrogen bondings. The luminescent properties of 1 have been investigated. The magnetic properties of 1 and 2 have also been studied. - Graphical abstract: Two unusual pillared-layer Eu (Gd)-Cu heterometallic coordination polymers have been hydrothermally synthesized. The luminescent properties of Eu-Cu compound and magnetic properties of both compounds are investigated. Highlights: > Two unusual 3D pillared-layer Eu (Gd)-Cu heterometallic coordination polymers have been synthesized. > 1D and 0D Ln-carboxylate motifs construct layers by O-H...O hydrogen bondings. > In both the structures, there are rare 1D zigzag Cu/Br inorganic chains. > Luminescent properties of Eu-Cu compound and magnetic properties of both the compounds are investigated.

    Fan Leqing, E-mail: lqfan@hqu.edu.cn [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Functional Materials of Fujian Higher Education, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021 (China); Wu Jihuai, E-mail: jhwu@hqu.edu.cn [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Functional Materials of Fujian Higher Education, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021 (China); Huang Yunfang [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Functional Materials of Fujian Higher Education, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021 (China)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    489

    Kinetics and mechanism of the reduction of hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid by the hexaaquochromium(II) ion  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The title reaction takes place with a 2:1 (Cr{sup 2+}):(HSA) stoichiometry (HSA = hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid) and yields CrNH{sub 3}{sup 3+}, Cr{sup 3+}, and CrSO{sub 4}{sup +} as the main products. The kinetics conform to the rate law {minus}d(HSA)/dt = {minus}d(Cr{sup 2+})/2(dt) = k{sub obs}(Cr{sup 2+})(HSA), where k{sub obs} = kK{sub a}/(K{sub a} + (H{sup +)}). At 25{degree}C and 1.0 M ionic strength (CHlO{sub 4} + LiClO{sub 4}) the parameter k has the value of 20.5 {plus minus} 0.3 M{sup {minus}1} s{sup {minus}1} when K{sub a} is set at the value (6.8 {plus minus} 0.8) {times} 10{sup {minus}2} M, as determined by pH titration. In the proposed mechanism, Cr{sup 2+} attacks at the nitrogen end of the anion, NH{sub 2}OSO{sub 3}{sup {minus}}, to form CrNH{sub 3}{sup 3+} and SO{sub 4}{sup {center dot}{minus}}. The sulfate radical anion then oxidizes rapidly the second mole of Cr{sup 2+} to yield Cr{sup 3+} and some CrSO{sub 4}{sup +}. In solutions containing Br{sup {minus}}, SO{sub 4}{sup {center dot}{minus}} oxidizes it to Br{sub 2}{sup {center dot}{minus}}. The latter reacts with Cr{sup 2+} to yield CrBr{sup 2+}. 19 refs., 2 figs.

    Bakac, A.; Simunic, J.L.; Espenson, J.H. (Iowa State Univ., Ames (USA))

    1990-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    490

    Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications  

    SciTech Connect

    Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

    Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Hawrami, Rastgo [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Higgins, William [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Van Loef, Edgar [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Glodo, J. [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Shah, Kanai [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Tupitsyn, E [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    491

    Synthesis and characterization of some reduced zirconium halides  

    SciTech Connect

    High temperature equilibrium experiments have revealed several new zirconium subhalides as well as nonstoichiometry among the better-known trihalides. Product characterization by standard gravimetric and electron microprobe analyses was allied with x-ray powder and single crystal work. Accurate lattice parameters for phases of known cell type were determined from high precision x-ray powder data obtained by Guinier methods with Si powder as an internal standard. Up to 50 g batches of ZrCl and the hitherto unreported ZrBr have been prepared stoichiometrically from ZrX/sub 4/ and thin (3 to 4 mils) Zr turnings. Virtually 100% yields of >99.5% pure ZrCl/sub 3/ and ZrBr/sub 3/ were subsequently made by reacting well-ground mixtures of ZrX/sub 4/ with the very soft graphitic monohalides. Since ZrI does not exist, ZrI/sub 3/ was prepared from ZrI/sub 4/ and ZrI/sub 1/./sub 8/, the most reduced iodide phase. New compounds in the Zr--Cl and Zr--Br systems were prepared either by isopiestic equilibration of ZrX and ZrX/sub 3/ and/or via transport in a thermal gradient. A single crystal structure determination has shown the ZrCl/sub 2/./sub 5/ phase to be the first Group IVB M/sub 6/ cluster compound. It crystallizes in space group Ia3d with Z = 16 and is isostructural with Ta/sub 6/Cl/sub 15/.

    Daake, R.L.

    1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    492

    PROGRESS REPORT NO. 52 FOR DECEMBER 1, 1957 THROUGH FEBRUARY 28, 1958  

    SciTech Connect

    Some approximate values of the concentrations of the chlorine ion and the mean activity coefficients of HCl in Dowex 50, as functions of the mean activity of HCl are given. The KCl uptake by anion-exchange resins, Dowex 1 and 2, is plotted. Ion-exchange phase properties of HCl were determined from freezing point measurements. The thermodynamic acid dissociation constants of HClO/sub 4/, HCl, HNO/sub 3/, HBr, and HGaCl/sub 4/ in water-saturated bis(2- chloroethyl) ether, were obtained from couductometric measurements. The distribution behavior of InBr/sub 3/ and IuCl/sub 3/ in HBr and HCl was studied. Information is given on the extraction of Zn and Ag from chloride solutions by dioctylamine salts. Ion exchange equilibria between hexammino-cobalt(III) and chloro-pentammino-cobalt(In ions in respect to La ions in Dowex 50 NaR are plotted. Typical radiochemical activation analyses for K in geologic materials are tabulated. The postulated nuclear level scheme and the calculiated and experimental positron decay following ( gamma ,n) activation of Br/sup 79/ are shown for Br/sup 78/. Cumulative fission yields in the deuteron fission of U/sup 235/ are tabulated. Cosmic ray data obtained with a new highcounting rate meson monitor are plotted. The equipment used and data obtained in a search for long- lived particles with mass ~ 550m/sub e/ in the cosmic-ray flux at sea level are shown. The excited states of Ni/sup 58/ and Ni/sup 61/ obtained from (d,p) reactions of Ni/sup 58/ and Ni/sup 60/ are tabulated. (For preceding period see AECU-3685.) (M.H.R.)

    1958-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    493

    2006 Draft Rulemaking Activities Data Sheets  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING 2006 DRAFT RULEMAKING ACTIVITIES DATA SHEETS APPLIANCE STANDARDS BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY October 2005 1 Table of Contents (alphabetical order) Product Rulemaking Page Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps less than 65 kBtu/hr, 3-Phase (Commercial) Standards 1 Automatic Ice Makers (Commercial) Standards 2 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Determination 3 Battery Chargers and External Power Supplies Test Procedure 4 Ceiling Fans and Ceiling Fan Light Kits Standards 5 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Standards 9 Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Residential) Test Procedure 10 Certain Incandescent Reflector Lamps (ER/BR) Coverage 11 Clothes Dryers (Residential) Standards 12

    494

    Microsoft Word - ARRAModelWAS.doc  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    CONTRACT WORK AUTHORIZATION CONTRACT WORK AUTHORIZATION 1a. Project Title: 1b. Work Proposal Number (if applicable): 2. Headquarters Program Point of Contact. Name: Organization Code: Telephone No.: 3. Headquarters Budget Point of Contact. Name: Organization Code: Telephone No.: 4. Responsible Program: 5. Responsible Secretarial Officer: 6. Responsible Field Organization: 7a. Site and Facility Management Contractor: 7b. Contractor Point of Contact. Name: Telephone No.: 8. Work Authorization Number: 9. Revision Number: 10. Funds Authorized ($ in thousands). B&R Code: Previous: Change: $ Current: $ 11. Performance Period Covered by Funds. 12. Work Start Date: 13. Expected Completion Date: From: To: (Date should reflect anticipated work start date)

    495

    OpenEI - solar radiation  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    monthly and monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/500 (Abstract):  Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America,<br /> and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose):  Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the

    496

    EERE Program Management Guide - Appendix O  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    O O List of Acronyms Note: This appendix provides a comprehensive list of acronyms for the different EERE programs/program offices, terms, facilities, procedures, and processes discussed throughout the guide. List of Acronyms: AFP Approved Funding Program AOP Annual Operating Plan ASEE Assistant Secretary for EERE B&R Budget & Reporting [code of] BA Business Administration (Office of) BBS Broad-Base Solicitation BES Basic Energy Sciences BESAC Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee BOD Board of Directors BPI Budget and Performance Integration or Business Process Improvement BTP Office of Building Technologies Program C&O Communications and Outreach CCTI Climate Change Technology Initiative CD Critical Decision CEA Council of Economic Advisors

    497

    R&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global Technology  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    R&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global Technology R&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global Technology OUTSIDE FRONT COVER 2 SANDIA NATIONAL LABOR ATORIES 3 R&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global Technology For further information, contact: Henry R. Westrich LDRD Program Manager hrwestr@sandia.gov 505-844-9092 ABOUT THE COVER: Representative images from the R&D100- winning technologies in this brochure, all with their roots in Sandia Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD). 4 SANDIA NATIONAL LABOR ATORIES 5 R&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global Technology Contents More-sophisticated Silicon Br ains

    498

    J  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    , , 3: , , 3: _.,%._ ..-. c....- _U../*., J ,.: urn) 3 00437 LA-9409~MS , " : ; ;;' j. ' I :t?+p 6' . .)T lei"r.$,' .' j. ..m . t : :;~~2~+&;;i' i i-q, ib,.", i > ;.l < )),I * i" :.:a i I .?' .$ *.' FILE COP -- __.- -------~ .- -._- .~,__ _-- An Affiitive Action/Equal opporrunity Employer . :~~~,~~i~~~~~~~~~.: L:jsp,,, !$pq8 : ;. .,i,' /I 4 .., : .._ ) .,,, .~ . : '.,';' &$$:'.:, + ..i;;;~j;c is; _, / ,: :,: __ ,'- : ,.~,$,.,, g;~; '.' *. -,' q _, 4. ;.,._ YT <: 5:5% *",:.,',~~,:~' '::,. *'. I, Prepared by Kathy Derouin, Group H-8 I . . ^ ;4b:.r4' :.f -7 .> r-. ,1,, ,$ d .X' _, . ,, ( $% ,*.;g .' ' .' . 1 ' , 3 ;;,' , - .' ' >..,I, ' , ,. _; : DISCLAIMER -.+: I!?+ II (I+ ;.,y; k: *' . _ -I i, :K$y,p /, ..y.:-; . _ /

    499

    TRACER STABILITY AND CHEMICAL CHANGES IN AN INJECTED GEOTHERMAL FLUID DURING INJECTION-BACKFLOW TESTING AT THE EAST MESA GEOTHERMAL FIELD  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The stabilities of several tracers were tested under geothermal conditions while injection-backflow tests were conducted at East Mesa. The tracers I and Br were injected continuously while SCN (thiocyanate), B, and disodium fluorescein were each injected as a point source (slug). The tracers were shown to be stable, except where the high concentrations used during slug injection induced adsorption of the slug tracers. However, adsorption of the slug tracers appeared to ''armor'' the formation against adsorption during subsequent tests. Precipitation behavior of calcite and silica as well as Na/K shifts during injection are also discussed.

    Adams, M.C.

    1985-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    500

    Advanced DES System Evaluation Interim Report  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A portfolio of electric energy storage options is emerging that provides electric utilities with new options for grid support and operational flexibility. This research and development (RD) project was initiated to assess and test an emerging zinc-bromine (Zn-Br) flow battery in an electric distribution system and to provide input on a utility application specification. This technology is based on a flow battery developed by Exxon in the 1970s and '80s and is now being advanced and commercialized by Prem...

    2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z