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1

OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 20024.9513BOE Reserve

2

Systematic characterization of degas-driven flow for poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic devices  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Degas-driven flow is a novel phenomenon used to propel fluids in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)-based microfluidic devices without requiring any external power. This method takes advantage of the inherently high porosity and air solubility of PDMS by removing air molecules from the bulk PDMS before initiating the flow. The dynamics of degas-driven flow are dependent on the channel and device geometries and are highly sensitive to temporal parameters. These dependencies have not been fully characterized, hindering broad use of degas-driven flow as a microfluidic pumping mechanism. Here, we characterize, for the first time, the effect of various parameters on the dynamics of degas-driven flow, including channel geometry, PDMS thickness, PDMS exposure area, vacuum degassing time, and idle time at atmospheric pressure before loading. We investigate the effect of these parameters on flow velocity as well as channel fill time for the degas-driven flow process. Using our devices, we achieved reproducible flow with a standard deviation of less than 8% for flow velocity, as well as maximum flow rates of up to 3 nL/s and mean flow rates of approximately 1-1.5 nL/s. Parameters such as channel surface area and PDMS chip exposure area were found to have negligible impact on degas-driven flow dynamics, whereas channel cross-sectional area, degas time, PDMS thickness, and idle time were found to have a larger impact. In addition, we develop a physical model that can predict mean flow velocities within 6% of experimental values and can be used as a tool for future design of PDMS-based microfluidic devices that utilize degas-driven flow.

Lee, Luke P.; Liang, David Y.; Tentori, Augusto M.; Dimov, Ivan K. [Universidad de Valparaiso (Chile)

2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

3

Contrib. Plasma Phys. vol (year) num, p-p Coupling of Parallelized DEGAS 2 and UEDGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Monte Carlo neutral transport code DEGAS 2[1] and the UEDGE[2] fluid plasma transport code builds upon of the neutral densities, ion particle source, and electron energy source to within 5%. Each run consists of 80 statistical errors ( 50%) that result from the rapid momentum and energy exchanges between neutrals and ions

Karney, Charles

4

Summary of Degas II performance at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill site.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crude oil stored at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) requires mitigation procedures to maintain oil vapor pressure within program delivery standards. Crude oil degasification is one effective method for lowering crude oil vapor pressure, and was implemented at the Big Hill SPR site from 2004-2006. Performance monitoring during and after degasification revealed a range of outcomes for caverns that had similar inventory and geometry. This report analyzed data from SPR degasification and developed a simple degas mixing (SDM) model to assist in the analysis. Cavern-scale oil mixing during degassing and existing oil heterogeneity in the caverns were identified as likely causes for the range of behaviors seen. Apparent cavern mixing patterns ranged from near complete mixing to near plug flow, with more mixing leading to less efficient degassing due to degassed oil re-entering the plant before 100% of the cavern oil volume was processed. The report suggests that the new cavern bubble point and vapor pressure regain rate after degassing be based on direct in-cavern measurements after degassing as opposed to using the plant outlet stream properties as a starting point, which understates starting bubble point and overstates vapor pressure regain. Several means to estimate the cavern bubble point after degas in the absence of direct measurement are presented and discussed.

Rudeen, David K. (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Lord, David L.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Contrib. Plasma Phys. 40 (2000) 3-4, 221-226 Coupling of Parallelized DEGAS 2 and UEDGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Monte Carlo neutral transport code DEGAS 2 [1] and the UEDGE [2] fluid plasma transport code builds upon of the neutral densities, ion particle source, and electron energy source to within 5%. Each run consists of 80 statistical errors ( 50%) that result from the rapid momentum and energy exchanges between neutrals and ions

Karney, Charles

6

This is the user's manual for DEGAS 2 -A Monte Carlo code for the study of neutral atom and molecular transport in confined plasmas. It is intended to cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The theory of neutral particle kinetics[1] treats the transport of mass, momen- tum, and energy in a plasma;Monte Carlo neutral transport codes can build on the techniques developed for neutron transportAbstract This is the user's manual for DEGAS 2 - A Monte Carlo code for the study of neutral atom

Karney, Charles

7

Andy Bullock and Mike Acreman Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 358389 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andy Bullock and Mike Acreman 358 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 358389 (2003) © EGU The role of wetlands in the hydrological cycle Andy Bullock1 and Mike Acreman2 1 Independent Consultant, Ledbury, Herefordshire, HR8 2DX, UK 2 Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxon. OX10 8BB, UK

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

8

Bettina Ott and Stefan Uhlenbrook Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(1), 6278 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bettina Ott and Stefan Uhlenbrook 62 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(1), 6278 (2004) © EGU, Wasserwirtschaftsamt Bamberg, Kasernstra?e 4, 96047 Bamberg, Germany 2 University of Freiburg, Institute of Hydrology, Fahnenbergplatz, D-79098 Freiburg, Germany E-mail for corresponding author: stefan.uhlenbro@hydrology

Boyer, Edmond

9

Baldassare Bacchi and Roberto Ranzi Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 785798 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baldassare Bacchi and Roberto Ranzi 784 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 785798 (2003) © EGU Hydrological and meteorological aspects of floods in the Alps: an overview Baldassare Bacchi and summarises recent research on meteorological and hydrological aspects of floods in the Alps. The research

Boyer, Edmond

10

Mira Kobold and Kay Suelj Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 322332 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mira Kobold and Kay Suelj 322 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 322332 (2005) © EGU Precipitation forecasts and their uncertainty as input into hydrological models Mira Kobold and Kay Suelj the weather forecasts with the information on catchment conditions and a hydrological forecasting model can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

11

Gabriel Arduino,Paolo Reggiani and EzioTodini Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 280284 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gabriel Arduino,Paolo Reggiani and EzioTodini 280 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 280284 (2005) © EGU Recent advances in flood forecasting and flood risk assessment Gabriel Arduino1 , Paolo

Boyer, Edmond

12

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 3148, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/31/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 31­48, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/31/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2006-10-31 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Transport International Centre for Hydrology "Dino Tonini" and Dipartimento IMAGE, Universit`a di Padova, via Loredan 20

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 111126, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/111/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 111­126, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/111/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2005-9-111 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Constraints of artificial neural networks for rainfall-runoff modelling: trade-offs in hydrological state representation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

14

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 1929, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/19/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 19­29, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/19/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2006-10-19 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Transport. Marani International Centre for Hydrology "Dino Tonini" and Dipartimento IMAGE, Universit`a di Padova

Boyer, Edmond

15

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 127137, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/127/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 127­137, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/127/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2006-10-127 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Centre, Maun, Botswana Received: 11 August 2005 ­ Published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

16

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 314, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/3/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 3­14, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/3/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2005-9-3 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Bringing it all, Dublin, Ireland Received: 6 December 2004 ­ Published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 139155, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/139/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 139­155, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/139/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2005-9-139 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Using stable isotope tracers to assess hydrological flow paths, residence times and landscape influences in a nested

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 173183, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/173/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 173­183, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/173/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2005-9-173 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Soil moisture ­ Published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions: 2 March 2005 Revised: 29 June 2005 ­ Accepted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

19

DanielViviroli and RolfWeingartner Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 10161029 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DanielViviroli and RolfWeingartner 1016 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 10161029 (2004) © EGU The hydrological significance of mountains: from regional to global scale Daniel Viviroli and Rolf share of the worlds population with fresh water. Quantification of the hydrological significance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Atul H. Haria and Paul Shand Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 334344 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atul H. Haria and Paul Shand 334 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 334344 (2004) © EGU and stream flow generation Atul H. Haria1 and Paul Shand2 1 Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean, groundwater, Hafren, hillslope hydrology, Plynlimon, recharge, soil water, streamflow generation Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Soon Thiam Khu and Micha G.F.Werner Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(5), 680692 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soon Thiam Khu and Micha G.F.Werner 680 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(5), 680692 (2003) © EGU Reduction of Monte-Carlo simulation runs for uncertainty estimation in hydrological modelling Soon applied for the estimation of uncertainties in hydrological models due to uncertain parameters. One

Boyer, Edmond

22

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 7991, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/79/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 79­91, 2006 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/10/79/ SRef-ID: 1607-7938/hess/2006-10-79 European Geosciences Union Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Scale, USA Received: 1 August 2005 ­ Published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions: 30 August

Boyer, Edmond

23

Riparian forestry management and adult stream insects Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 545549 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Riparian forestry management and adult stream insects 545 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 545549 (2004) © EGU Riparian forestry management and adult stream insects Robert A. Briers and John H The impacts of coniferous plantation forestry on the biology of upland streams in the UK are firmly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

24

Strontium isotope geochemistry of alluvial groundwater: a tracer for groundwater resources characterisation Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 959972 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strontium isotope geochemistry of alluvial groundwater: a tracer for groundwater resources characterisation 959 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 959972 (2004) © EGU Strontium isotope geochemistry for corresponding author : p.negrel@brgm.fr Abstract This study presents strontium isotope and major ion data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Stephen M.Wesson and Geoffrey G.S. Pegram Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(2), 220234 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which can cope with near singular systems. Rainfall estimation at ground level from radar rainfall issues associated with the radar rainfall data. Most importantly, radar provides an indirect measurement (2004) © EGU Radar rainfall image repair techniques Stephen M. Wesson and Geoffrey G.S. Pegram Civil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

26

H.Bach,M.Braun,G.Lampart andW.Mauser Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 862876 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H.Bach,M.Braun,G.Lampart andW.Mauser 862 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 862876 (2003) © EGU Use of remote sensing for hydrological parameterisation of Alpine catchments H. Bach1 , M. Braun2, which makes the hydrological parameterisation of Alpine catchments difficult. Within a few kilometres

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

The relation of physical attributes of the Plynlimon catchments to variations in hydrology and water status Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 345354 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation of physical attributes of the Plynlimon catchments to variations in hydrology and water status 345 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 345354 (2004) © EGU Anatomy of a catchment: the relation of physical attributes of the Plynlimon catchments to variations in hydrology and water status C

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability 325 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) © EGU Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability: the River Irthing

Boyer, Edmond

29

Simulation of soil moisture and evapotranspiration in a soil profile during the 1999 MAP-Riviera Campaign Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 903919 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Riviera Campaign 903 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 903919 (2003) © EGU Simulation of soil moisture and evapotranspiration scheme in hydrological models. This study presents the validation of soil moisture soil plot at the edge of a corn field. The hydrological model PREVAH was driven using three

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

30

Modelling water flow and seasonal soil moisture dynamics in an alluvial groundwater-fed wetland Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 5766 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 57­66 (2003) © EGU Modelling water flow and seasonal soil between groundwater, surface water and climatic conditions. Knowledge of the hydrology of these systems tool to capture their hydrological complexity. In this study, a 2D-model describing saturated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

Over-parameterisation,a major obstacle to the use of artificial neural networks in hydrology ? Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(5), 693706 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over-parameterisation,a major obstacle to the use of artificial neural networks in hydrology ? 693 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(5), 693706 (2003) © EGU Over-parameterisation, a major obstacle to the use of artificial neural networks in hydrology ? Eric Gaume and Raphael Gosset Ecole Nationale des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

The role of a dambo in the hydrology of a catchment and the river network downstream Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 339357 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of a dambo in the hydrology of a catchment and the river network downstream 339 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 339357 (2003) © EGU The role of a dambo in the hydrology of a catchment and Southern Africa. Owing to their importance in local agriculture and as a water resource, the hydrology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

33

Applying MODFLOW to wet grassland in-field habitats: a case study from the Pevensey Levels, UK Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 4355 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 43­55 (2003) © EGU Applying MODFLOW to wet grassland in and Hydrology, Wallingford, OX10 8BB, UK Email for corresponding author: rbb@ceh.ac.uk Abstract Historical drainage improvements have created complex hydrological regimes in many low-lying, wet coastal grassland

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

34

Recession-based hydrological models for estimating low flows in ungauged catchments in the Himalayas Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 891902 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recession-based hydrological models for estimating low flows in ungauged catchments in the Himalayas 891 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 891902 (2004) © EGU Recession-based hydrological.R. Young1 and S.R. Kansakar2 1 Centre for Ecology and Hydrology,Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

Future recovery of acidified lakes in southern Norway predicted by the MAGIC model Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(4), 467483 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future recovery of acidified lakes in southern Norway predicted by the MAGIC model 467 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(4), 467483 (2003) © EGU Future recovery of acidified lakes in southern Norway.O. Box 173 Kjelsås, N-0411 Oslo, Norway 2 Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

The impact of conifer harvesting on stream water quality: the Afon Hafren, mid-Wales Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 503520 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of conifer harvesting on stream water quality: the Afon Hafren, mid-Wales 503 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 503520 (2004) © EGU The impact of conifer harvesting on stream water. The results are linked to within-catchment information to describe the influence of conifer harvesting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

An easily installable groundwater lysimeter to determine water balance components and hydraulic properties of peat soils Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 2332 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of peat soils 23 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 2332 (2003) EGU An easily installable groundwater lysimeter to determine water balance components and hydraulic properties of peat soils.Schwaerzel@TU-Berlin.de Abstract A simple method for the installation of groundwater lysimeters in peat soils was developed which

Boyer, Edmond

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Operational hydro-meteorological warning and real-time flood forecasting:the Piemonte region case study Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 457466 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operational hydro-meteorological warning and real-time flood forecasting:the Piemonte region case study 457 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 457466 (2005) © EGU Operational hydro forecasting system in the context of the Piemonte Regions hydro-meteorological operational alert procedure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

Sustainability of UK forestry: contemporary issues for the protection of freshwaters, a conclusion Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 589595 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability of UK forestry: contemporary issues for the protection of freshwaters, a conclusion 589 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 589595 (2004) © EGU Sustainability of UK forestry entitled Sustainability of UK forestry: contemporary issues for the protection of freshwaters by presenting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

40

Analysis of the spatial variation in the parameters of the SWAT model with application in Flanders,Northern Belgium Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 931939 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,Northern Belgium 931 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 931939 (2004) © EGU Analysis of the spatial.heuvelmans@agr.kuleuven.ac.be Abstract Operational applications of a hydrological model often require the prediction of stream flow of a large river basin. Keywords: hydrological model, regionalisation, parameterisation, spatial variability

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Integration of spatial datasets to suppor t the review of hydrometric networks and the identification of representative catchments Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 11031117 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the identification of representative catchments 1103 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 11031117 (2004) © EGU of representative catchments C.L.R. Laize Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, UK E into account the reduction in hydrological uncertainty brought about by the data added since the last network

Boyer, Edmond

42

Modelling floods in theAmmer catchment:limitations and challenges with a coupled meteo-hydrological model approach Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 833847 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling floods in theAmmer catchment:limitations and challenges with a coupled meteo-hydrological model approach 833 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 833847 (2003) © EGU Modelling floods in the Ammer catchment: limitations and challenges with a coupled meteo-hydrological model approach R. Ludwig1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Uncertainty of solute flux estimation in ungauged small streams:potential implications for input-output nutrient mass balances Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(6), 675684 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-output nutrient mass balances 675 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(6), 675684 (2005) © EGU Uncertainty of stream nutrient retention/release under a wide spectrum of hydrological conditions. Providing good estimates of the mass balances for nutrients depends on precise hydrological monitoring and good chemical

Boyer, Edmond

44

C.J.M.Hewett, P.F.Quinn, P.G.Whitehead,A.L.Heathwaite and N.J. Flynn Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(4), 834845 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to nutrients transported in surface and subsurface flowpaths from farmland is an international environmental of land use and management, topography, hydrology, soil type and climate. However, recent work has Sciences, 8(4), 834845 (2004) © EGU Towards a nutrient export risk matrix approach to managing agricultural

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

Room Policies Blu-Ray/DVD/VHS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and checkin point for the lab is the MSU Libraries Digital Multimedia Center (DMC) service desk. Upon checkin and tidy; please return furniture to its original location. Note: Please ask for help from the DMC staff tool using the buttons or by picking up the fake markers on the tray at the bottom of the Smart Board

46

SciTech Connect: Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systems controllerAdditiveBetatron Radiation fromTop FBAccelerator using a2

47

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL DEGAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic TheoryPlantElectrodes.Polytechnic Institute of New

48

Comparison of Gas Puff Imaging Data in NSTX with the DEGAS 2 Simulation  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite-- Energy, science,StatementCommunication of

49

DEGAS 2 Daren Stotler and Charles Karney | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases onOrganization FY

50

ARM - ARM Facility at EGU 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |NovemberARMContactsARM Engineering and Operations Contacts2

51

ARM - ARM Facility at EGU 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |NovemberARMContactsARM Engineering and Operations Contacts24

52

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-234, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the formations) increases, the number of cells representing the model approaches several millions be developed regularly (as new versions of the full field model become available) off-line and can be put

Mohaghegh, Shahab

53

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14, EGU2012-2444, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in nonlinear dynamical systems (He & Chian, PRL 91, 034102, 2003; Rempel & Chian, PRL 98, 014101, 2007; Chian et al., PRL 104, 254102, 2010). The transition to an intermittent mean-field dynamo is studied using

Brandenburg, Axel

54

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-01837, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Results from around 50 science projects are being analysed by scientists. In the coming period and from several science projects allow pupils to get `hands-on' expe- rience on recent science data and explain- ing various details in the science projects, life onboard a marine expedition, etc. The project

55

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-10266, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experience of observing possible effects of global change and its consequences (e.g. ecology, tourism) onto an accustomed environment will help to develop a sensibility towards a more sustainable perception of nature

Brückl, Ewald

56

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14, EGU2012-225, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General Circulation Models (AOGCMs) are analyzed. The AOGCMs, namely ECHO-G, CSM1.4, CCSM3, CNRM, IPSL

Phipps, Steven J.

57

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 15, EGU2013-6865, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbons impregnated with iron-based nanoparticles are prepared in a single step under hydrothermal-oxidized Activated Carbon Prepared by Microwave Radiation for As(V) Removal from Water Yuda Yurum (1), Alp Yurum (2 conditions with microwave radiation. The hydrothermal treatment provides an important ad- vantage by forming

Yanikoglu, Berrin

58

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-5280, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrologists and water managers in charge of flood warning and scenario-based reservoir operation. An overview-hydrological modelling chains for forecasting and integrated flood risk assessment is an essential step to improve

Boyer, Edmond

59

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-233, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matching, History Matching using single well numerical reservoir simula- tion, Volumetric Reserve, and 10 year cum. oil, gas and water production and Gas Oil Ratio and Water Cut) are calculated

Mohaghegh, Shahab

60

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-PREVIEW, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collapsed and formed a powerful pyroclastic density current (PDC). This PDC completely devastated an area that the PDC was strongly channelized even by small (tens meters) topographic features; the front of the moving PDC was frequently split into multiple small tongues which were variously deflected by topography

Belousov, Alexander

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-4868, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to better understand the global functioning of the system from the hydrological, geochemical, ecological(s) 2011 Multi-isotopes systematics to constrain surface water­groundwater interactions in an alluvial, France (p.negrel@brgm.fr) This work is dedicated to wetlands of the Loire River systems and aims

Boyer, Edmond

62

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-4697, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the outputs of an expert-based model and Cs-137 inventories Olivier Evrard (1), Guillaume Nord (2), Olivier the STREAM expert-based erosion model. A 13-yrs long sequence of rainfall events was run with this model

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-02814, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a multi-disciplinary project focussing on permafrost in unconsolidated sediments and the related in unconsolidated sediments clearly show higher values (0,39

Brückl, Ewald

64

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-02746, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in unconsolidated sediments (SW Vienna Basin, Austria) D. Spahic, U. Exner, M. Behm, and B. Grasemann Department meters are exceptionally well exposed along a 10m high W-E striking wall. The unconsolidated sediments

Brückl, Ewald

65

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-10654, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"toreva blocks". Well-known examples are torevas of Socompa (Chile) and Jocotit- lan (Mexico) volcanoes of a traveling debris avalanche some kind of natural lubricant is forming #12;(possibly in the form of dust cloud of strongly agitated particles). Being drugged under the traveling avalanche the lubricant reduces basal

Belousov, Alexander

66

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-3504, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a response to the temperature increase of ocean (steric effect) and to the melting of ice caps, (2) Internal. New Caledonia is an old shield largely faulted with long term alteration, affected by differential

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

67

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-12118, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be influenced during the 21st century both by climate and related or anthro- pogenic land use changes. Many be particularly vulnerable to such global changes because of contrasted climate, low vegetation cover and specific within the Mediterranean basin. Specific drivers of soil erosion affected by the global change were

Boyer, Edmond

68

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-15469, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) 2010 Salt tectonics and crustal tectonics along the Eastern Sardinian margin, Western Tyrrhenian : New » along the eastern Sardinian and south-eastern Corsican margins, western Tyrrhenian Sea, in order to better constrain the potential links between deformation related to either crustal tectonics or salt

Boyer, Edmond

69

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009-8032, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) 2009 OASIS4: An Efficient Parallel Code Coupler for Earth System Modelling L. Coquart (1), S. Valcke (1 of Earth system modelling in its full complexity. The development and maintenance of OASIS4 has been

70

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-2628, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) 2010 OASIS4: a coupling software for next generation earth system modelling René Redler (1), Sophie

71

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-10385, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of flood events especially extreme events needs robust tools. End users and decision makers need some reliable is the forecast and its model in this case: risk of not forecasting the flood event, risk of false and parametrisation. The lat- ter can be derived from a sensitivity analysis of the rainfall runoff model. Stochastic

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

72

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009-11867, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, of rainwater and of stormwater discharges at the outlet of experimental catchments, ii) the EMC (Event Mean(s) 2009 Assessment of fluxes of priority pollutants in stormwater discharges in two urban catchments Vernaison, France Keywords: WFD, priority pollutants, stormwater, sewer systems, atmospheric deposition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-11992, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, geological maps were focussed on solid geology. Present societal needs increasingly require knowledge of regolith properties: superficial studies combining geology, geochemistry and geophysics become essential km. This method provides maps of potassium (K), uranium (U) and thorium (Th) which are the only

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-01841, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a major part of existing offshore wind farms is located here. Each wind farm project has its own, Denmark (charlotte.hasager@risoe.dk) The Scandinavian Seas have high potential for wind farming meteorological measurement campaign for the local area, yet for a broader view of the offshore wind resources

75

ALT AMONT BLU EBELL NATUR AL BU TT ES PLAT EAU CATHED RAL RED WASH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ecTotalnerr g0@3 Early ReleaseBOE

76

ALT AMONT BLU EBELL NATUR AL BU TT ES PLAT EAU CATHED RAL RED WASH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ecTotalnerr g0@3 Early

77

ALT AMONT BLU EBELL NATUR AL BU TT ES PLAT EAU CATHED RAL RED WASH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:short version)ecTotalnerr g0@3 EarlyLiquids

78

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NALiquidsBOE Reserve

79

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NALiquidsBOE ReserveGas

80

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NALiquidsBOE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CSC 2405 Programming with Threads and Semaphores Log in to tanner or degas. In your csc2405 Unix account, create a directory called threads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

first, thread N-1 second, ..., thread 1 last. Sample execution: bash$ ./torder 10 [10] Hello from thread 75 [9] Hello from thread 74 [8] Hello from thread 73 [7] Hello from thread 72 [6] Hello from thread 71 [5] Hello from thread 70 [4] Hello from thread 69 [3] Hello from thread 68 [2] Hello from thread

82

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-702-1, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, modelling, allocation strategies Carbon sequestration is an increasingly important consideration for forest gradient and an identified potential for carbon sequestration and other ecosystem services, longleaf pine(s) 2011 Carbon-Water Interactions of Longleaf Pine Ecosystems Jennifer Wright (1), Mathew Williams (1

83

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 15, EGU2013-6961-1, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1) (1) Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation - IOSB, Karlsruhe, Germany (andrea.zielinski@iosb.fraunhofer.de), (2) Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, United Kingdom, (3) University of Southampton - IT Innovation Centre, Southampton, United Kingdom

Tokarchuk, Laurissa

84

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 14, EGU2012-8040-2, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Mo?graber (1), S. Middleton (2), M. Hammitzsch (3), and S. Poslad (4) (1) Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB, Karlsruhe, Germany (juergen.mossgraber@iosb.fraunhofer.de), (2) IT Innovation Centre, Southampton, UK, (3) GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam

Poslad, Stefan

85

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 13, EGU2011-9360-4, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tech and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), aiming at estimating surface downwelling solar irradiance (SSI of cloudless shortwave solar spectra incident on horizontal, tilted, or tracking surfaces, Solar energy, vol irradiance database for worldwide solar heat gain and building cooling load calculations. Solar Energy, vol

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

Franois Anctil and Nicolas Lauzon Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 940958 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

François Anctil and Nicolas Lauzon 940 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 940958 (2004.lauzon@golder.com Abstract Since the 1990s, neural networks have been applied to many studies in hydrology and water and stacking having been applied regularly in hydrology and water resources for some years, while Bayesian

Boyer, Edmond

87

Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 16, EGU2014-14313-1, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Paleoclimate record from Zidita Cave (Romania) using guano-derived 13,3) (1) Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, (2) School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA, (3) "Emil Racovi¸ta" Institute of Speleology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania In this study, we

Forray, Ferenc

88

Statistical representation of mountain shading Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 10451050 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

self-shaded or shaded by remote topography as functions of solar elevation and time of day. These expressions are in good agreement with results from a terrain shading model. Keywords: solar radiation, topography, surface energy balance, statistical parameterisation Introduction Solar radiation is a major

Boyer, Edmond

89

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009-7569-1, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(s) 2009 An example of treated waste water use for soil irrigation in the SAFIR project. L. Cary (1), Z influence around each of the drip emitters. Potato (Solanum tuberosum) variety Liseta was used not significantly increase (a mean of + 10%). Knowing that potatoes do need between 40 to 50 kg per ha of CaO and 15

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

S.J. Langan and D. Hirst Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 422435 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the influence of atmospheric inputs on surface water chemistry. In the early 1980s, upland catchment research A long term record of water chemistry, consisting of twenty years of weekly spot samples, from three sub leaching of hydrogen ions from soils with consequent acidification of surface waters during storm events

Boyer, Edmond

91

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 9, 09614, 2007 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-09614  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.graewe@forwind.de) For the grid management and trading of wind power generation, it is necessary to have on one hand the accurate in the following 72 hours. The developed algorithms were applied in three case-studies: Firstly for an offshore site forecast at the FINO1-mast (located in the North Sea), secondly for a German onshore region

Heinemann, Detlev

92

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 9, 04164, 2007 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-04164  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), lgrube, and Kaiserberg (tztal Alps) rock glaciers. The source areas of these rock glaciers are situated Alpine rock glaciers H. Hausmann (1), K. Krainer (2), E. Brckl (1), W. Mostler (2), C. Ullrich (1,3) (1 and evolution of rock glaciers. Observations in either boreholes or com- binations of surface

Brckl, Ewald

93

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 8, 04718, 2006 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU06-A-04718  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alps), lgrube, and Kaiserberg (tztal Alps) rock glaciers. The source areas of these rock glaciers Geosciences Union 2006 Dynamics of Alpine rock glaciers in the context of global warming H. Hausmann (1), K of Innsbruck, Austria Several Alpine rock glaciers exhibit increasing creep velocities since about 1990

Brckl, Ewald

94

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 8, 05998, 2006 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU06-A-05998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g. joints, shear faults, b-axes) to N-S striking joint direction. Conjugated joint systems combined with E was estimated. A rotational slider block model was adapted to this data and a state dependent friction law

Brückl, Ewald

95

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 6, 07131, 2004 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU04-A-07131  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plane arrays of two 405 GHz and four 212 GHz radiometers operating simultaneously with high time amplitudes and repetition rates increase with bulk emission intensities at higher energy ranges (X- and gamma. It is likely that this emission component is due to a non-thermal mechanism, producing energies considerably

96

WaterdynamicsinalaurelmontanecloudforestintheGarajonayNationalPark(CanaryIslands,Spain) Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 10651075 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Aschan2 1 University of La Laguna, Department of Geography, Ctra. Tacoronte-Tejina 233,1, 38350 Tenerife Islands, Cape Green and Madeira) between 800 and 1300 m a.s.l., where stratocumulus clouds transported

Boyer, Edmond

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 6, 04005, 2004 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU04-A-04005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a pronounced change in roughness and heat transfer. It poses a strong inhomogeneity to the flow, which may been found to be generally applicable over the open sea, when homogenous and stationary flow conditions

Heinemann, Detlev

98

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 95109, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/95/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

varying little from year to year. For hydroelectricity production, the water management therefore rather

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 535547, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/535/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas, irrigation serves to increase yields, to at- tenuate the effects of droughts or, in the case), Germany 2Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy Received: 16 June 2005 land cover inventories. 1 Introduction Agriculture is by far the largest water-use sector, accounting

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

100

Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 7, 07312, 2005 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU05-A-07312  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Model (ESM). This system is a collaborative effort to create a standard ice sheet model that can model. It is used for the land-ice component of the GENIE project which aims to develop a unified Earth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

UTILITIES -STOKER BOILER REPLACEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HUGHESAVE COUNTRY CL UBBLVD GRAEBER ST BIG BLU ESTEMCOURT LI TTLE BLUESTEM COURT CO LLEGE MAPLE, WILLOW

Mayfield, John

102

4, 12651299, 2007 Participatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU tousek et al., 1997; Bennet et al., 2001

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

103

The representation of rainfall drop-size distribution and kinetic energy Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(5), 10011007 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-size distribution and kinetic energy Neil I. Fox Department of Soil, Environmental and Atmospheric Sciences373 Mc To relate observed rainfall rates (R) to the kinetic energy flux (E) that affects soil erosion component of drop velocity. Keywords: drop-size distribution, drop kinetic energy, soil erosion Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

Effect of drought and fires on the quality of water in Lithuanian rivers Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 423427 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the surface water. Keywords: heavy metals, river water quality, Lithuania Introduction Increasingly, negative of secondary heavy metal pollution (Crossland and LaPoint, 1992). These processes may make water bodies unsuitable for human consumption and toxic to organisms living in the water. Heavy metals are harmful

Boyer, Edmond

105

Testing the INCA model in a small agricultural catchment in southern Finland Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(4), 717728 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing the INCA model in a small agricultural catchment in southern Finland 717 Hydrology catchment in southern Finland K. Granlund, K. Rankinen and A. Lepistö Finnish Environment Institute, P.O. Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland Email for corresponding author: kirsti

Boyer, Edmond

106

Flood forecasting using a fully distributed model: application of the TOPKAPI model to the Upper Xixian Catchment Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 347364 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the lumping of a kinematic wave assumption in the soil, on the surface and in the drainage network, and leads Liu1 , Mario L.V. Martina2 and Ezio Todini2 1 Bureau of Hydrology, Ministry of Water Resources, 2 Lane, snowmelt, soil water, surface water and channel water, respectively. Percolation to deep soil layers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Stein Beldring , Kolbjrn Engeland , Lars A. Roald , Nils Roar Slthun and AstridVoks Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 304316 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

independent catchments. Finally, a river routing procedure using a kinematic wave approximation to open Sælthun 2 and Astrid Voksø 1 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, P.O. Box 5091 Majorstua, 0301 Oslo, Norway 2 Norwegian Institute for Water Research, P.O. Box 173 Kjelsås, 0411 Oslo, Norway

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

Comparison of four models simulating phosphorus dynamics in LakeVnern,Sweden Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 11531163 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of four models simulating phosphorus dynamics in LakeVänern,Sweden 1153 Hydrology dynamics in Lake Vänern, Sweden Magnus Dahl1 and B. Charlotta Pers2 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Karlstad University, SE651 88 Karlstad, Sweden 2 Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, SE601

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

An approach to integrated assessement of reservoir siltation: the Joaqun Costa reservoir as a case study Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(6), 11931199 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An approach to integrated assessement of reservoir siltation: the Joaquín Costa reservoir as a case to integrated assessement of reservoir siltation: the Joaquín Costa reservoir as a case study A. Navas1 , B of the main environments in the reservoir. Records of known flood events and of reservoir management data have

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

Hydrometeorological aspects of the Real-Time Ultrafinescale Forecast Support during the Special Observing Period of MAP Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 877889 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Italian border region were predicted correctly by data from the numerical weather models linked application of numerical weather prediction data to forecast flows over a very large, multinational domain points, covering the whole of theAlpine region. These high resolution numerical weather prediction data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

T.A. Clair, I.F. Dennis and B.J. Cosby Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(4), 574582 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

announced by the Canadian and US governments based on commitments under Canadas Post-2000 acid rain Strategy Atlantic Canada, located in the extreme north-eastern portion of North America, receives acid precipitation from all major acid emission sources on the eastern part of the continent. The region was glaciated

Boyer, Edmond

112

An overview of forest management and change with respect to environmental protection in the UK Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(3), 279285 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management have evolved. The impacts of forestry on the environment have also been investigated a positive contribution to the environment. This paper describes the key stages in this process of change to an acceleration of conifer planting in the late 1940s and 1950s. Despite the emergence of nuclear weaponry

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

A.J.Wade, C.Neal, D. Butterfield and M.N. Futter Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(4), xxx (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, then measures introduced to reduce the effects of nitrogen pollution must be considered in conjunction controlling the storage and transfers within the nitrogen cycle and the potential impacts on the environment in the soil, groundwater, rivers, lakes, estuaries, oceans and air remains uncertain, as does

Boyer, Edmond

114

Calibration of the INCA model in a Mediterranean forested catchment Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(4), 729741 (2004) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and high inter-annual variability. Accordingly, soil N processes and leaching of solutes in Mediterranean regions also show a marked seasonality, occurring in pulses as soils re-wet following rain. The Integrated are influenced strongly by soil moisture, which is highly variable within and between years; also, a single

Boyer, Edmond

115

Evaporation characteristics of wetlands:experience from a wet grassland and a reedbed using eddy correlation measurements Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(1), 1121 (2003) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaporation characteristics of wetlands:experience from a wet grassland and a reedbed using eddy characteristics of wetlands: experience from a wet grassland and a reedbed using eddy correlation measurements M July to November 1999 using the eddy correlation method on two wetland types ­ wet grassland

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 50, NO. 5, MAY 2002 1153 Sampling of Periodic Signals: A Quantitative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A Quantitative Error Analysis Mathews Jacob, Student Member, IEEE, Thierry Blu, Member, IEEE, and Michael Unser- tute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland (e-mail: mathews.jacob@epfl.ch; thierry.blu@epfl.ch; michael, the formula bears a strong resemblance to the error expression of signals in . However, the recipe is dif

Jacob, Mathews

117

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquicludes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8(4), 742750 (2004) EGU Summary: layers and serve as an aquiclude. No major fault fractured zones are known in the vicinity Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

118

ancient iberian brown: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: Screen Esc Print Version Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract Wind speed data obtained from the National-March) wind in- dices for the western Iberian...

119

BIOPHYSICAL CONTROLS ON RHIZOSPHERE DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and EPS preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.2.1 Glass beads and EPS preparation . . 5.2.2 WaterApril 2013 charides (EPS) European Geosciences Union (EGU)

Albalasmeh, Ammar A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

apportionment: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pollution generated in megacities poses a threat to human health and25 the environment; Mexico Discussion EGU which has caused many environmental problems, including severe air...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

andi kivinukk julia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 THE BIOLOGICAL APPROACH Development in biology Fernandez, Thomas 368 Andy Bullock and Mike Acreman Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 358389 (2003) EGU Physics Websites...

122

Interactive open access publishing and public peer review: The effectiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are clearly demonstrated by the highly successful interactive open access journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, www.atmos- chem-phys.net) and a growing number of sister journals launched by the publisher Copernicus (www.copernicus.org) and the European Geosciences Union (EGU, www.egu.eu). These journals

Cambridge, University of

123

V. Naudet,A. Revil, E. Rizzo, J.-Y. Bottero and P. BgassatHydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8(1), 822 (2004) EGU Groundwater redox conditions and conductivity in a contaminant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Both maps can be used to optimise the position of pumping wells for remediation. The self homogeneous in the shallow aquifer at the scale of the ERT. From this correlation, a map of the pore water of municipal and domestic waste is produced per day, per inhabitant; most of it is deposited in municipal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

124

Lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium and yttrium in waters in an upland acidic and acid sensitive environment, mid-Wales Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9(6), 645656 (2005) EGU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

functioning in relation to environmental management issues of acid deposition, climate change level in the streams is variable and seems to be linked to the main soil types within the catchment complexation (e.g. with organic matter) and the degree of acidification and colloidal transport (Bookings et al

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

Web-Ice: Integrated Data Collection and Analysis for Macromolecular Crystallography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results. A summary list is also available in Blu-Ice.Figure 7: SSRL Web-Ice interface displaying the summarizedTable 1: Programs used by Web-Ice for data analysis. Program

Gonzalez, Ana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comm. Ranges (gas) Dry-type Transformers DVD/Blu-ray PlayersBut for low-voltage, dry-type transformers, the most currentimmersed and dry-type transformers (of average capacity with

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effect of reflection on H emissions in Alcator C-MOD C. F. F. Karney, D. P. Stotler, and C. H. Skinner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of reflection on H emissions in Alcator C-MOD C. F. F. Karney, D. P. Stotler, and C. H in Alcator C-MOD, the H emissions in that experiment have been modeled with the DEGAS 2 code including of plasma emission and are often difficult to diagnose. However reflection does affect the polarization

Karney, Charles

128

Mechanisms of magmatic gas loss along the Southeast Indian Ridge and the Amsterdam ^St. Paul Plateau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that ridge magmas degas by a Rayleigh distillation process. As a result, the absolute and relative noble gas abundances are highly fractionated with 4 He/40 Ar* ratios as high as 620 compared to a production ratio of V a particular magma is related to the degree of crystallization. Fractional crystallization forces

Graham, David W.

129

The K/U ratio of the silicate Earth: Insights into mantle composition, structure and thermal evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009 Editor: R.D. van der Hilst Keywords: potassium uranium argon degas radiogenic volatile structure consisting of at least two independent reservoirs: a depleted upper mantle and a chemically in the silicate Earth. Although the budgets of thorium (Th) and uranium (U) in the planet are well

Mcdonough, William F.

130

8, 28492862, 2008 Equatorial Kelvin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-campaigns in the tropics have been conducted in the recent years with two different LIDAR systems at Paramaribo in Suriname EGU On the basis of observational data obtained in Paramaribo, Suriname we showed recently that cirrus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquifer birmingham uk Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

297303 (2003) EGU Summary: D thesis, University of Birmingham, UK. Loke, M.H., 2003. Tutorial: 2-D and 3-D electrical imaging surveys... in a quarry near Milan (Italy) could...

132

E-Print Network 3.0 - active dashgil mud Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8, 09773, 2006 SRef-ID: 1607-7962graEGU06-A-09773 Summary: Geosciences Union 2006 Sediment and fluid migration in mud volcanoes: Dashgil-Bakhar area, Azerbaijan A... in the...

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - area groundwater biodenitrification Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vol. 8, 03933, 2006 SRef-ID: 1607-7962graEGU06-A-03933 Summary: groundwater extraction potential are present in the whole basin area. The groundwater quality is fairly...

134

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive grid refinement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1607-7962graEGU05-A-00134 Summary: Geosciences Union 2005 Adaptive Grids for Future Weather Prediction Models C. Jablonowski (1), M. Herzog (2... 303 497 1224) Adaptive Mesh...

135

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated sea-level rise Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sea-level rise Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: accelerated sea-level rise Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The EGU General Assembly 2009...

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrary-profile slow-wave structure Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1607-7962graEGU2007-A-00262 Summary: to examine flows with arbitrary profiles of zonal wind and vertical stratification. We apply the techniques... structure. What is the role...

137

d'ordre : ANNE 2012 THSE / UNIVERSIT DE RENNES 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

`egue. Ils m'ont donn´e go^ut `a la th´eorie des probabilit´es d`es la Licence, ils sont toujours rest

Boyer, Edmond

138

4, 45394570, 2007 Build-up and decline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the industrial revolution atmospheric CO2 levels have increased al-15 ready from about 280 to 380 µatm Interactive Discussion EGU already observed since the beginning of the industrial revolution (Caldeira

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

The impact of groundwater-land surface interactions on hydrologic persistence in macroscale modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that baseflow tends to dominate streamflow signal for most of these basins (only shown for French Broad streamflow for the French Broad River, and increased the lagged- correlation for end-of-month storage on the French Broad River Monocacy River MON Rappahannock River RAP Tygart Valley TYG Bluestone River BLU East

Washington at Seattle, University of

140

L&S Deans' Office Purchase Request Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L&S Deans' Office Purchase Request Form poses a risk to the University. The University has does not need to be by the original requestor of this purchase FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Approver: Cardholder://businessservices.berkeley.edu/HtmFiles/RestrictItems.htm) 2. One form may be used for multiple purchases from a single vendor. 3. Submit form to Blu

Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

High-numerical aperture holographic data storage Floris M. H. Crompvoets, Frank Schuurmans, Marcello Balistreri, Teus Tukker, Gert 't Hoofi,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,4 this technology has gained a lot of attention by the optical storage industry. The promise of HDS-layer Blu-ray Disc (ML-BD)5 and 'Near Field' (NF) recording6. The applications aimed at by the next generation optical storage are for instance professional and personal archiving. A comparison of the overall

Stallinga, Sjoerd

142

5, 51675182, 2005 Gas-phase reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 5, 5167­5182, 2005 Gas-phase reaction of atomic chlorine with aldehydes D. Rodr´iguez et al Print Version Interactive Discussion EGU Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5, 5167­5182, 2005 www.notario@uclm.es) © 2005 Author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. 5167 #12;ACPD 5, 5167­5182

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

3, 16031627, 2006 long-memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 3, 1603­1627, 2006 Detecting long-memory W. Wang et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussion EGU Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 3, 1603­1627, 2006 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci-discuss.net/3/1603 2006 ­ Published: 14 July 2006 Correspondence to: W. Wang (w.wang@126.com) 1603 #12;HESSD 3, 1603

Boyer, Edmond

144

4, 81110, 2008 Modeling marine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discussion EGU Abstract When dating marine samples with 14 C, the reservoir-age effect is usually assumed and effect in paleoclimate data. We used a5 global ocean circulation model forced by transient atmospheric., 2004a). Regional reservoir-age anomalies for the time before nuclear weapon tests25 are mainly known

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

145

2, 22592296, 2002 Partitioning of NOy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) and total reactive nitrogen (NOy and Physics Discussions Partitioning of reactive nitrogen (NOy) and dependence on meteorological conditions Screen / Esc Print Version Interactive Discussion c EGU 2002 Abstract Results of continuous nitrogen

Boyer, Edmond

146

4, 28772914, 2007 Air-sea O2 flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variability in air-sea O2 and CO2 fluxes and its impact on atmospheric potential oxygen (APO 2 1 National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA 2 Dept. of Marine Chemistry-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract A three dimensional, time-evolving field of atmospheric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

147

Curriculum Vitae Vincent Soustelle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale partial melting domain: the Ronda peridotite massif, Southern Spain. Journal of Petrology, 50(7), 1235 peridotite massif, Spain. Vol. 10, EGU2008-A-00000. Soustelle V., Tommasi A., Bodinier J.-L., Garrido C lithosphere above a large-scale partial melting domain: the Ronda peridotite massif, Southern Spain (talk

Demouchy, Sylvie

148

4, 699707, 2007 Radiation importance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and inactive convection. 1 Introduction Given that for much of the world ocean, the radiation termsOSD 4, 699­707, 2007 Radiation importance D. Nof and L. Yu Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussion EGU Ocean Sci. Discuss., 4, 699­707, 2007 www.ocean-sci-discuss.net/4/699/2007/ © Author(s) 2007

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

3, 871894, 2006 FACE increased  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 3, 871­894, 2006 FACE increased physical protection of soil C M. R. Hoosbeek et al. Title Page-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Biogeosciences Discuss., 3, 871­894, 2006 www.biogeosciences-discuss.net/3/871/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Biogeosciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

5, 871901, 2008 distribution in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 5, 871­901, 2008 Aggregates distribution in the South-Eastern Pacific L. Guidi et al. Title Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Biogeosciences Discuss., 5, 871­901, 2008 www.biogeosciences-discuss.net/5/871/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Biogeosciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

3, 871898, 2007 Changes in C3/C4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CPD 3, 871­898, 2007 Changes in C3/C4 vegetation in the Central Himalayas M. Mampuku et al. Title Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Clim. Past Discuss., 3, 871­898, 2007 www.clim-past-discuss.net/3/871/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Climate

Boyer, Edmond

152

4, 871891, 2007 Mobility of black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 4, 871­891, 2007 Mobility of black carbon J. Leifeld et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussion EGU Biogeosciences Discuss., 4, 871­891, 2007 www.biogeosciences-discuss.net/4/871/2007/ © Author ­ Published: 23 March 2007 Correspondence to: J. Leifeld (jens.leifeld@art.admin.ch) 871 #12;BGD 4, 871

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

153

4, 23232360, 2007 Extreme precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Close Full Screen / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract Extreme hydro that are not-commonly used by hydro-meteorology community, i.e., Kolmogorov­Smirnov test, Levene's test for small data sets (e.g., less than 100 points) and small distribution parameter difference (e.g., 50

Boyer, Edmond

154

3, 11911223, 2006 21 years of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as open ocean oil extraction and industrial fisheries, are experiencing a constant 1192 #12;OSD 3, 1191 Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU Ocean Sci. Discuss., 3, 1191­1223, 2006 www.ocean-sci-discuss.net/3/1191/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Ocean Science

Boyer, Edmond

155

7, 46574672, 2007 Stratospheric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactive Discussion EGU into the stratosphere could be employed as a strategy to reduce global warming due to increasing CO2 levels (Crutzen, 2006; Wigley, 2006). Stratospheric sulfate causes sur- face cooling and stratospheric warming (Robock, 2000). The average injection required is about 1­2 Tg(S) per year

Boyer, Edmond

156

6, 1184511875, 2006 A new SIze REsolved  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the aerosol size distribution into sections and solves the GDE by splitting coagulation and condensation Interactive Discussion EGU that affect the aerosol size/composition distribution are therefore crucial. ThreeACPD 6, 11845­11875, 2006 A new SIze REsolved Aerosol Model E. Debry et al. Title Page Abstract

Boyer, Edmond

157

2, 15031535, 2005 New lessons on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract Despite its local and regional importance, hydro-meteorological data on the micro and meso climate are still unresolved questions of the Sudd5 hydrology. The evaporation flux from Atmospheric Climate Model (RACMO) provides an insight not only into the temporal evolution of the hydro

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

4, 42654295, 2007 Impact of land-use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methodol- ogy which involves coupling a land-use change model with a water balance model and a groundwater groundwater model. Results show that the average recharge slowly de- creases for all scenarios, the decreases / Esc Printer-friendly Version Interactive Discussion EGU 1 Introduction Groundwater is a major source

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

4, 26832712, 2007 Projeto Vida no Vale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

System Sciences Projeto Vida no Vale: universal access to water and sanitation in the North East of Minas EGU Abstract In the rural areas of the developing countries, the access to water supply and sanitation services is still largely inadequate. Poor governance of the water sector is frequently singled out

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

2, 183201, 2005 Global terrestrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dioxide (CO2) L. Sandoval-Soto 1 , M. Stanimirov 2 , M. von Hobe 3 , V. Schmitt 4 , J. Valdes 5 , A. Wild Discussion EGU 4 Institute for General Botany, University of Mainz, M¨ullerweg 6, 55128 Mainz, Germany 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "degas blu egu" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Simulation of Diffusive Lithium Evaporation Onto the NSTX Vessel Walls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model for simulating the diffusive evaporation of lithium into a helium filled NSTX vacuum vessel is described and validated against an initial set of deposition experiments. The DEGAS 2 based model consists of a three-dimensional representation of the vacuum vessel, the elastic scattering process, and a kinetic description of the evaporated atoms. Additional assumptions are required to account for deuterium out-gassing during the validation experiments. The model agrees with the data over a range of pressures to within the estimated uncertainties. Suggestions are made for more discriminating experiments that will lead to an improved model.

Stotler, D. P.; Skinner, C. H.; Blanchard, W. R.; Krstic, P. S.; Kugel, H. W.; Schneider, H.; Zakharov, L. E.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

162

Feasibility report on alternative methods for cooling cavern oils at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil caverns at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) are subjected to geothermal heating from the surrounding domal salt. This process raises the temperature of the crude oil from around 75 F upon delivery to SPR to as high as 130 F after decades of storage. While this temperature regime is adequate for long-term storage, it poses challenges for offsite delivery, with warm oil evolving gases that pose handling and safety problems. SPR installed high-capacity oil coolers in the mid-1990's to mitigate the emissions problem by lowering the oil delivery temperature. These heat exchanger units use incoming raw water as the cooling fluid, and operate only during a drawdown event where incoming water displaces the outgoing oil. The design criteria for the heat exchangers are to deliver oil at 100 F or less under all drawdown conditions. Increasing crude oil vapor pressures due in part to methane intrusion in the caverns is threatening to produce sufficient emissions at or near 100 F to cause the cooled oil to violate delivery requirements. This impending problem has initiated discussion and analysis of alternative cooling methods to bring the oil temperature even lower than the original design basis of 100 F. For the study described in this report, two alternative cooling methods were explored: (1) cooling during a limited drawdown, and (2) cooling during a degas operation. Both methods employ the heat exchangers currently in place, and do not require extra equipment. An analysis was run using two heat transfer models, HEATEX, and CaveMan, both developed at Sandia National Laboratories. For cooling during a limited drawdown, the cooling water flowrate through the coolers was varied from 1:1 water:oil to about 3:1, with an increased cooling capacity of about 3-7 F for the test cavern Bryan Mound 108 depending upon seasonal temperature effects. For cooling in conjunction with a degas operation in the winter, cavern oil temperatures for the test cavern Big Hill 102 were cooled sufficiently that the cavern required about 9 years to return to the temperature prior to degas. Upon reviewing these results, the authors recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy that a broader study of the cooling during degas be pursued in order to examine the potential benefits of cooling on all caverns in the current degasification schedule.

Levin, Bruce L.; Lord, David L.; Hadgu, Teklu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Colorful Chemical Bottle Experiment Kit: From School Laboratory To Public Demonstration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The blue bottle experiment was first introduced to the chemical education literature as a simple demonstration on kinetics. Its original formulation contains only glucose, NaOH and small amount of methylene blue. The solution turns blue when shaken and fades to colorless upon standing. This bluing/de-bluing cycle may be repeated and may be compared to blood colors in animal's respiratory cycle. Inspired by the blue bottle experiment, the colorful chemical bottle experiment kit was commercially developed in 2006. The kit is a versatile pedagogical tool, not only for physical chemistry but also for analytical, biological and organic chemistry. It also helps teaching concepts in scientific method and laboratory safety. This manuscript contains four parts, brief review on literature relating to the blue bottle experiment, description of the colorful chemical bottle experiment kit, pedagogical discussion of the experiments and preliminary evaluation from students.

Limpanuparb, Taweetham

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Boiler MACT 35000FT: Maximum Achievable Control Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fossil fuel is coal, petroleum coke, tire derived fuel, etc. ESL-IE-13-05-29 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Classification-Boiler Subcategory Boiler Classification Pulverized... Heaters Affected ? Large affected units burning coal, oil, biomass, natural gas, other solid, liquid, gaseous non-waste materials ? Boilers or Process Heaters Not Affected ? Electric Utility Generating Unit (EGU) ?Waste Heat, hot water heaters...

Robinson, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

10 Physics Questions to Ponder for a Millennium or Two By GEORGE JOHNSON (NYT Tuesday, August 15, 2000)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the abundance of the mRNA I am trying to detect). Master Mix: Stock Deionized formamide 7ul (40% by vol membrane RNA side up, UV X-link with 100uJ of energy, and bake at 80C for 30 minutes to dry the membraneul 10mM ATP 1ul 10mM CTP 1ul 10mM GTP 5ul alpha P32 UTP (800Ci/mmol) NEN cat# : BLU007X 1ul 0.25M DTT

Lawson, Catherine L.

166

Review: Matja Klemen?i?: Zgodovina skupnosti slovenskih ameri?anov v Pueblu, Kolorado  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: zgodovina skuPnosti slovenskih ameri?anov v PueBlu, kolorado. Maribor: Mednarodna zaloba Oddelka za slovanske jezike in knjievnosti, Filozofska fakulteta Univerza v Mariboru; Ljubljana: Intitut za narodnostna vpraanja, 2011. (Mednarodna... knjina zbirka Zora, 79) (Ethnicity, 13). 353 str. Leta 2011 je kot 79. knjiga Mednarodne knjine zbirke Zora izla znanstvena monografija Zgodovina skupnosti slo- venskih Ameri?anov v Pueblu, Kolo- rado, Matjaa Klemen?i?a, slovenske- ga zgodovinarja...

Verbi?, Marua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST31Raman LidarInfluence ofPaperThe Apparent Bluing

168

THE RADIAL VELOCITY EXPERIMENT (RAVE): FOURTH DATA RELEASE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the stellar atmospheric parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, overall metallicity), radial velocities, individual abundances, and distances determined for 425,561 stars, which constitute the fourth public data release of the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE). The stellar atmospheric parameters are computed using a new pipeline, based on the algorithms of MATISSE and DEGAS. The spectral degeneracies and the Two Micron All Sky Survey photometric information are now better taken into consideration, improving the parameter determination compared to the previous RAVE data releases. The individual abundances for six elements (magnesium, aluminum, silicon, titanium, iron, and nickel) are also given, based on a special-purpose pipeline that is also improved compared to that available for the RAVE DR3 and Chemical DR1 data releases. Together with photometric information and proper motions, these data can be retrieved from the RAVE collaboration Web site and the Vizier database.

Kordopatis, G.; Gilmore, G. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Steinmetz, M.; Williams, M. E. K.; Piffl, T.; Enke, H.; Carrillo, I. [Leibniz-Institut fr Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Boeche, C.; Roeser, S. [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fr Astronomie der Universitt Heidelberg, Mnchhofstr. 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Seabroke, G. M. [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Siebert, A. [Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Universit de Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Universit, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Zwitter, T. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Binney, J. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); De Laverny, P.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Bijaoui, A. [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Universit de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cte d'Azur, BP4229, F-06304 Nice (France); Wyse, R. F. G. [Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Freeman, K. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Cotter Road, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia); Munari, U. [INAF National Institute of Astrophysics, Astronomical Institute of Padova, I-36012 Asiago (VI) (Italy); Anguiano, B., E-mail: gkordo@ast.cam.ac.uk [Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 915, North Ryde, NSW 1670 (Australia); and others

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Effect of Deuterium Gas Puff On The Edge Plasma In NSTX  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a detailed examination of the effects of a relatively small pulsed deuterium gas puff on the edge plasma and edge turbulence in NSTX. This gas puff caused little or no change in the line-averaged plasma density or total stored energy, or in the edge density and electron temperature up to the time of the peak of the gas puff. The radial profile of the D? light emission and the edge turbulence within this gas puff did not vary significantly over its rise and fall, implying that these gas puffs did not significantly perturb the local edge plasma or edge turbulence. These measurements are compared with modeling by DEGAS 2, UEDGE, and with simplified estimates for the expected effects of this gas puff.

Zweben, S. J.

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

Analysis of Neutral Transport in the GAMMA10 Anchor-Cell Using H{alpha}-Emission Detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutral transport was studied in the anchor cell. The H{alpha} line intensities were measured by using axially aligned H{alpha} detectors. It was found that the intensity is considerably dependent on ECRH and GP 3,4. A 5ch H{alpha} detector was newly installed in the outer-transition region of the anchor-cell. From the measurement of the spatial distributions, the vertical intensity profile is estimated to be about 2.5 cm on the half width half maximum, while the horizontal distribution shows roughly flat around Z=-670 cm. The above characteristics were discussed with aid of neutral transport simulation using DEGAS Monte-Carlo Code.

Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

JBluIce-EPICS control system for macromolecular crystallography.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The trio of macromolecular crystallography beamlines constructed by the General Medicine and Cancer Institutes Collaborative Access Team (GM/CA-CAT) in Sector 23 of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) have been in growing demand owing to their outstanding beam quality and capacity to measure data from crystals of only a few micrometres in size. To take full advantage of the state-of-the-art mechanical and optical design of these beamlines, a significant effort has been devoted to designing fast, convenient, intuitive and robust beamline controls that could easily accommodate new beamline developments. The GM/CA-CAT beamline controls are based on the power of EPICS for distributed hardware control, the rich Java graphical user interface of Eclipse RCP and the task-oriented philosophy as well as the look and feel of the successful SSRL BluIce graphical user interface for crystallography. These beamline controls feature a minimum number of software layers, the wide use of plug-ins that can be written in any language and unified motion controls that allow on-the-fly scanning and optimization of any beamline component. This paper describes the ways in which BluIce was combined with EPICS and converted into the Java-based JBluIce, discusses the solutions aimed at streamlining and speeding up operations and gives an overview of the tools that are provided by this new open-source control system for facilitating crystallographic experiments, especially in the field of microcrystallography.

Stepanov, S.; Makarov, O.; Hilgart, M.; Pothineni, S.; Urakhchin, A.; Devarapalli, S.; Yoder, D.; Becker, M.; Ogata, C.; Sanishvili, R.; Nagarajan, V.; Smith, J. L.; Fischetti, R. F. (Biosciences Division); (Univ. of Michigan)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Random Matrix Theory with U(N) Racah Algebra for Transition Strengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For finite quantum many-particle systems, a given system, induced by a transition operator, makes transitions from its states to the states of the same system or to those of another system. Examples are electromagnetic transitions (then the initial and final systems are same), nuclear beta and double beta decay (then the initial and final systems are different), particle addition to or removal from a given system and so on. Working towards developing a complete statistical theory for transition strength densities (transition strengths multiplied by the density of states at the initial and final energies), we have started a program to derive formulas for the lower order bivariate moments of the strength densities generated by a variety of transition operators. In this paper results are presented for a transition operator that removes $k_0$ number of particle by considering $m$ spinless fermions in $N$ single particle states. The Hamiltonian that is $k$-body is represented by EGUE($k$) [embedded Gaussian unitary ensemble of $k$-body interactions] and similarly the transition operator by an appropriate independent EGUE. Employing the embedding $U(N)$ algebra, finite-$N$ formulas for moments up to order four are derived and they show that in general the smoothed (with respect to energy) bivariate transition strength densities take bivariate Gaussian form. Extension of these results to particle addition operator and beta decay type operators are discussed.

V. K. B. Kota

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

Replacing chemicals in recycle mills with mechanical alternatives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-intensity spark fired underwater decomposes a small amount of the water into hydroxyl radicals, which are strong oxidants. These are able to oxidize contaminants such as glue and wood pitch that enter paper recycling mills as a part of the incoming furnish and cost the industry several hundred million dollars. The sparking technique is safe, inexpensive, and is capable of treating large volumes of water, which makes it attractive for mill applications. Several mill trials were run. Sparking caused a decrease in the tack of the deposits in one case. Lower bleach use occurred in two other mills; sparking reduced the degree of ink reattachment to fiber. The payback for either application is attractive. Sparking induced deposition of contaminants in another mill, which is a positive development--if it can be controlled. The technique is also able to degas water and to oxidize odor-causing sulfur compounds. Although one unit has been purchased by a mill, second-order effects caused by the technology needs to be defined further before the technology can be broadly applied.

Institute of Paper Science Technology

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Neutral Beam Injection Experiments and Related Behavior of Neutral Particles in the GAMMA 10 Tandem Mirror  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of neutral beam injection (NBI) experiments in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror plasmas are presented together with the neutral particle behavior observed in the experiments. A hydrogen neural beam was injected into the hot-ion-mode plasmas by using the injector installed in the central-cell for the plasma heating and fueling. High-energy ions produced by NBI were observed and its energy distribution was measured for the first time with a neutral particle analyzer installed in the central-cell. The temporal and spatial behavior of hydrogen was observed with axially aligned H{sub {alpha}} detectors installed from the central midplane to anchor-cell. Enhancement of hydrogen recycling due to the beam injection and the cause of the observed decrease in plasma diamagnetism are discussed. The Monte-Carlo code DEGAS for neutral transport simulation was applied to the GAMMA 10 central-cell and a 3-dimensional simulation was performed in the NBI experiment. Localization of neutral particle during the beam injection is investigated based on the simulation and it was found that the increased recycling due to the beam injection was dominant near the injection port.

Nakashima, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Watanabe, K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Higashizono, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ohki, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Ogita, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Shoji, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science(Japan); Kobayashi, S. [Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University (Japan); Islam, M.K. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kubota, Y. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Kobayashi, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Yamada, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murakami, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Cho, T. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba (Japan)

2005-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Surface interpolation by bicubic spline techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of one variable x are piecewise cubic between node points x. , i=1, . . . , n~ are continuous and have contin- uous first and second derivatives. We define the function S(x) by 2 n-1 S(x) = a + a1x + a2x + E A (x-x. ) , where i=1 (x-x ) = (x-x. ) if x... CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC DI MEh!SIOhl GX( 40) y GY( 40) eGU( 40' 40) e STORX( 5) e STORY( 5 ) & XX( 1) tYY( 1) DI MENS(ON X(1) e Y(1) U(5 5) AX( I I) AXDX( I I ) AYDY( 1, 1) A2DX (). I ) DIMENSION A2DY( 1, 1), A(6, 6), XA( 5, 6), YA(5, 6) DIMENSIONING WAS DONE SO...

Corey, John Elkin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Bacteriology of cottage cheese: Sources of microorganisms causing spoilage and relative numbers at various stages during processing and storage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fcl Cl amming' 0 ~ ~ ~ l ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ 0 l5 XIX ~ Line Csunts Surini Pr&casein@ and ~n Cottage Cheese &hen Egu'pmsnt was not anitized Sef . re Ues. ~ ~ . . . . 21 Line Cauu', s' on a Sstoh of Cottage... . . $'I gc UCQQJcd T! l [Uc 66UQB 6~ J - I egg('' EIIel'-r ' i . Tg -" '$:iB 6" Q L'I ccvIsgcc6 -' i'ggc. l 8! ' P Qqg jc Beep 6 I 'Jcq. . inq pUB i";BJc eeg gc BJrlgce~r U:, 6. (g Ug EY6'?J:, I PBB& Bg gejJegqnq eqg ! i egBJsce- XTIcn', 6 6'( I . Jnn...

Maury, James B

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Flue gas injection control of silica in cooling towers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Injection of CO{sub 2}-laden flue gas can decrease the potential for silica and calcite scale formation in cooling tower blowdown by lowering solution pH to decrease equilibrium calcite solubility and kinetic rates of silica polymerization. Flue gas injection might best inhibit scale formation in power plant cooling towers that use impaired makeup waters - for example, groundwaters that contain relatively high levels of calcium, alkalinity, and silica. Groundwaters brought to the surface for cooling will degas CO{sub 2} and increase their pH by 1-2 units, possibly precipitating calcite in the process. Recarbonation with flue gas can lower the pHs of these fluids back to roughly their initial pH. Flue gas carbonation probably cannot lower pHs to much below pH 6 because the pHs of impaired waters, once outgassed at the surface, are likely to be relatively alkaline. Silica polymerization to form scale occurs most rapidly at pH {approx} 8.3 at 25 C; polymerization is slower at higher and lower pH. pH 7 fluids containing {approx}220 ppm SiO{sub 2} require > 180 hours equilibration to begin forming scale whereas at pH 8.3 scale formation is complete within 36 hours. Flue gas injection that lowers pHs to {approx} 7 should allow substantially higher concentration factors. Periodic cycling to lower recoveries - hence lower silica concentrations - might be required though. Higher concentration factors enabled by flue gas injection should decrease concentrate volumes and disposal costs by roughly half.

Brady, Patrick Vane; Anderson, Howard L., Jr.; Altman, Susan Jeanne

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The impact of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar evolutionary tracks on the ages of elliptical galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We complement our study of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar population models of Lick absorption indices (Thomas et al. 2003) by comparing two sets of alpha/Fe enhanced models. In both models the impact on Lick indices due to alpha/Fe enhancement is accounted for through a modification of the stellar absorption line-strengths using the response functions of Tripicco & Bell (1995). One set of models, however, uses solar-scaled, the other alpha/Fe enhanced stellar evolutionary tracks. Since the alpha/Fe enhanced tracks are hotter than the solar-scaled ones (Salasnich et al. 2000), the correspondent stellar population models have slightly weaker metallic indices (i.e. Mgb, etc.) and stronger Balmer line indices (Hbeta) (Maraston et al 2003). Here we explore quantitatively the impact of this effect on the alpha/Fe ratios, metallicities and ages that are derived for elliptical galaxies. We find that the modest decrease of the metallic indices Mgb and balance each other, such that fully consistent alpha/Fe ratios are derived for stellar systems using alpha/Fe enhanced models with either solar-scaled or alpha/Fe enhanced stellar tracks. The decrease of the metallic indices and the increase of Hbeta conspire in a way that also consistent metallicities are obtained. The derived ages, instead, are significantly different. The inclusion of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar tracks leads to the derivation of ages as high as 30 Gyr for elliptical galaxies. For the same objects, ages not older than 15 Gyr are obtained, if alpha/Fe enhanced models using solar-scaled tracks are adopted. This may indicate that current stellar evolutionary models overestimate the bluing of stellar evolutionary tracks due to alpha/Fe enhanced chemical mixtures at super-solar metallicities.

Daniel Thomas; Claudia Maraston

2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

179

Site Characterization Data from the U3ax/bl Exploratory Boreholes at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides qualitative analyses and preliminary interpretations of hydrogeologic data obtained from two 45-degree, slanted exploratory boreholes drilled within the Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) at the Nevada Test Site. Borehole UE-3bl-D1 was drilled beneath the U3ax/bl mixed waste disposal unit, and Borehole UE-3bl-U1 was drilled in undisturbed alluvium adjacent to the disposal unit. The U3ax/bl disposal unit is located within two conjoined subsidence craters, U3ax and U3bl, which were created by underground nuclear testing. Data from these boreholes were collected to support site characterization activities for the U3ax/bl disposal unit and the entire Area 3 RWMS. Site characterization at disposal units within the Area 3 RWMS must address the possibility that subsidence craters and associated disturbed alluvium of the chimneys beneath the craters might serve as pathways for contaminant migration. The two boreholes were drilled and sampled to compare hydrogeologic properties of alluvium below the waste disposal unit with those of adjacent undisturbed alluvium. Whether Borehole UE-3bl-D1 actually penetrated the chimney of the U3bl crater is uncertain. Analyses of core samples showed little difference in hydrogeologic properties between the two boreholes. Important findings of this study include the following: No hazardous or radioactive constituents of waste disposal concern were found in the samples obtained from either borehole. No significant differences in physical and hydrogeologic properties between boreholes is evident, and no evidence of significant trends with depth for any of these properties was observed. The values observed are typical of sandy materials. The alluvium is dry, with volumetric water content ranging from 5.6 to 16.2 percent. Both boreholes exhibit a slight increase in water content with depth, the only such trend observed. Water potential measurements on core samples from both boreholes show a large positive potential gradient (water moves upward, via evapotranspiration) for the entire vertical depth. Very little liquid flow occurs through the vadose zone. The direction of flow in the upper vadose zone (approximately the upper 35 meters) is upward, based on unsaturated hydraulic conductivity data, water potential data, and environmental tracer data.

Bechtel Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Observations on vapor pressure in SPR caverns : sources.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oil of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) represents a national response to any potential emergency or intentional restriction of crude oil supply to this country, and conforms to International Agreements to maintain such a reserve. As assurance this reserve oil will be available in a timely manner should a restriction in supply occur, the oil of the reserve must meet certain transportation criteria. The transportation criteria require that the oil does not evolve dangerous gas, either explosive or toxic, while in the process of transport to, or storage at, the destination facility. This requirement can be a challenge because the stored oil can acquire dissolved gases while in the SPR. There have been a series of reports analyzing in exceptional detail the reasons for the increases, or regains, in gas content; however, there remains some uncertainty in these explanations and an inability to predict why the regains occur. Where the regains are prohibitive and exceed the criteria, the oil must undergo degasification, where excess portions of the volatile gas are removed. There are only two known sources of gas regain, one is the salt dome formation itself which may contain gas inclusions from which gas can be released during oil processing or storage, and the second is increases of the gases release by the volatile components of the crude oil itself during storage, especially if the stored oil undergoes heating or is subject to biological generation processes. In this work, the earlier analyses are reexamined and significant alterations in conclusions are proposed. The alterations are based on how the fluid exchanges of brine and oil uptake gas released from domal salt during solutioning, and thereafter, during further exchanges of fluids. Transparency of the brine/oil interface and the transfer of gas across this interface remains an important unanswered question. The contribution from creep induced damage releasing gas from the salt surrounding the cavern is considered through computations using the Multimechanism Deformation Coupled Fracture (MDCF) model, suggesting a relative minor, but potentially significant, contribution to the regain process. Apparently, gains in gas content can be generated from the oil itself during storage because the salt dome has been heated by the geothermal gradient of the earth. The heated domal salt transfers heat to the oil stored in the caverns and thereby increases the gas released by the volatile components and raises the boiling point pressure of the oil. The process is essentially a variation on the fractionation of oil, where each of the discrete components of the oil have a discrete temperature range over which that component can be volatized and removed from the remaining components. The most volatile components are methane and ethane, the shortest chain hydrocarbons. Since this fractionation is a fundamental aspect of oil behavior, the volatile component can be removed by degassing, potentially prohibiting the evolution of gas at or below the temperature of the degas process. While this process is well understood, the ability to describe the results of degassing and subsequent regain is not. Trends are not well defined for original gas content, regain, and prescribed effects of degassing. As a result, prediction of cavern response is difficult. As a consequence of this current analysis, it is suggested that solutioning brine of the final fluid exchange of a just completed cavern, immediately prior to the first oil filling, should be analyzed for gas content using existing analysis techniques. This would add important information and clarification to the regain process. It is also proposed that the quantity of volatile components, such as methane, be determined before and after any degasification operation.

Munson, Darrell Eugene

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Continuous Emissions Monitoring System Monitoring Plan for the Y-12 Steam Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12), managed by BWXT, is submitting this Continuous Emissions Monitoring System (CEMS) Monitoring Plan in conformance with the requirements of Title 40 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 75. The state of Tennessee identified the Y-12 Steam Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, as a non-electrical generation unit (EGU) nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) budget source as a result of the NO{sub x} State Implementation Plan (SIP) under the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) Rule 1200-3-27. Following this introduction, the monitoring plan contains the following sections: CEMS details, NO{sub x} emissions, and quality assurance (QA)/quality control (QC). The following information is included in the attachments: fuel and flue gas diagram, system layout, data flow diagrams, Electronic Monitoring Plan printouts, vendor information on coal and natural gas feed systems, and the Certification Test Protocol. The Y-12 Steam Plant consists of four Wickes boilers. Each is rated at a maximum heat input capacity of 296.8 MMBtu/hour or 250,000 lb/hour of 250-psig steam. Although pulverized coal is the principal fuel, each of the units can fire natural gas or a combination of coal and gas. Each unit is equipped with a Joy Manufacturing Company reverse air baghouse to control particulate emissions. Flue gases travel out of the baghouse, through an induced draft fan, then to one of two stacks. Boilers 1 and 2 exhaust through Stack 1. Boilers 3 and 4 exhaust through Stack 2. A dedicated CEMS will be installed in the ductwork of each boiler, downstream of the baghouse. The CEMS will be designed, built, installed, and started up by URS Group, Inc. (URS). Data acquisition and handling will be accomplished using a data acquisition and handling system (DAHS) designed, built, and programmed by Environmental Systems Corporation (ESC). The installed CEMS will continuously monitor NO{sub x}, flue gas flowrate, and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). The CEMS will be utilized to report emissions from each unit for each ozone season starting May 1, 2003. Each boiler has independent coal and natural gas metering systems. Coal is fed to each boiler by belt-type coal feeders. Each boiler has two dedicated coal feeders. Natural gas may be burned along with coal for flame stability. The boilers may also be fired on natural gas alone. Orifice meters measure the natural gas flow to each boiler.

None

2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

182

Driving Down HB-LED Costs: Implementation of Process Simulation Tools and Temperature Control Methods of High Yield MOCVD Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this multi-faceted program is to develop epitaxial growth systems that meet a goal of 75% (4X) cost reduction in the epitaxy phase of HB-LED manufacture. A 75% reduction in yielded epitaxy cost is necessary in order to achieve the cost goals for widespread penetration of HB-LED??s into back-lighting units (BLU) for LCD panels and ultimately for solid-state lighting (SSL). To do this, the program will address significant improvements in overall equipment Cost of Ownership, or CoO. CoO is a model that includes all costs associated with the epitaxy portion of production. These aspects include cost of yield, capital cost, operational costs, and maintenance costs. We divide the program into three phases where later phases will incorporate the gains of prior phases. Phase one activities are enabling technologies. In collaboration with Sandia National Laboratories we develop a Fluent-compatible chemistry predictive model and a set of mid-infrared and near-ultraviolet pyrometer monitoring tools. Where previously the modeling of the reactor dynamics were studied within FLUENT alone, here, FLUENT and Chemkin are integrated into a comprehensive model of fluid dynamics and the most advanced transport equations developed for Chemkin. Specifically, the Chemkin model offered the key reaction terms for gas-phase nucleation, a key consideration in the optimization of the MOCVD process. This new predictive model is used to design new MOCVD reactors with optimized growth conditions and the newly developed pyrometers are used monitor and control the MOCVD process temperature to within 0.5°C run-to-run and within each wafer. This portion of the grant is in collaboration with partners at Sandia National Laboratories. Phase two activities are continuous improvement projects which extend the current reactor platform along the lines of improved operational efficiency, improved systems control for throughput, and carrier modifications for increased yield. Programmatically, improvements made in Phase I are applied to developments of Phase II when applicable. Phase three is the culmination of the individual tasks from both phases one and two applied to proposed production platforms. We selectively combine previously demonstrated tasks and other options to develop a high-volume production-worthy MOCVD system demonstrating >3x throughput, 1.3x capital efficiency, and 0.7x cost of ownership. In a parallel demonstration we validate the concept of an improved, larger deposition system which utilizes the predictive modeling of chemistry-based flow analysis and extensions of the improvements demonstrated on the current platforms. This validation includes the build and testing of a prototype version of the hardware and demonstration of 69% reduction in the cost of ownership. Also, in this phase we present a stand-alone project to develop a high-temperature system which improves source efficiency by 30% while concurrently increasing growth rate by 1.3x. The material quality is held to the same material quality specifications of our existing baseline processes. The merits of other line item tasks in phase three are discussed for inclusion on next-generation platforms.

William Quinn

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

Ground Penetrating Radar in Hydrogeophysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet the needs of a growing population and to provide us with a higher quality of life, increasing pressures are being placed on our environment through the development of agriculture, industry, and infrastructures. Soil erosion, groundwater depletion, salinization, and pollution have been recognized for decades as major threats to ecosystems and human health. More recently, the progressive substitution of fossil fuels by biofuels for energy production and climate change have been recognized as potential threats to our water resources and sustained agricultural productivity. The vadose zone mediates many of the processes that govern water resources and quality, such as the partition of precipitation into infiltration and runoff , groundwater recharge, contaminant transport, plant growth, evaporation, and energy exchanges between the Earth's surface and its atmosphere. It also determines soil organic carbon sequestration and carbon-cycle feedbacks, which could substantially impact climate change. The vadose zone's inherent spatial variability and inaccessibility precludes direct observation of the important subsurface processes. In a societal context where the development of sustainable and optimal environmental management strategies has become a priority, there is a strong prerequisite for the development of noninvasive characterization and monitoring techniques of the vadose zone. In particular, hydrogeophysical approaches applied at relevant scales are required to appraise dynamic subsurface phenomena and to develop optimal sustainability, exploitation, and remediation strategies. Among existing geophysical techniques, ground penetrating radar (GPR) technology is of particular interest for providing high-resolution subsurface images and specifically addressing water-related questions. Ground penetrating radar is based on the transmission and reception of VHF-UHF (30-3000 MHz) electromagnetic waves into the ground, whose propagation is determined by the soil electromagnetic properties and their spatial distribution. As the dielectric permittivity of water overwhelms the permittivity of other soil components, the presence of water in the soil principally governs GPR wave propagation. Therefore, GPR-derived dielectric permittivity is usually used as surrogate measure for soil water content. In the areas of unsaturated zone hydrology and water resources, GPR has been used to identify soil stratigraphy, to locate water tables, to follow wetting front movement, to estimate soil water content, to assist in subsurface hydraulic parameter identification, to assess soil salinity, and to support the monitoring of contaminants. The purpose of this special section of the Vadose Zone Journal is to present recent research advances and applications of GPR in hydrogeophysics, with a particular emphasis on vadose zone investigations. This special section includes contributions presented at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2006 (EGU 2006, Vienna, Austria) and the 11th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR 2006, Columbus, OH). The studies presented here deal with a wide range of surface and borehole GPR applications, including GPR sensitivity to contaminant plumes, new methods for soil water content determination, three-dimensional imaging of the subsurface, time-lapse monitoring of hydrodynamic events and inversion techniques for soil hydraulic properties estimation, and joint interpretation of GPR and electric resistivity tomography (ERT) data.

Hubbard, Susan; Lambot, S.; Binley, A.; Slob, E.; Hubbard, S.

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z