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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Fan Dai  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fan Dai Fan Dai China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2117S (510) 486-4000 FDai@lbl.gov Fan Dai is a Ph.D. Candidate in Environmental Policy at the College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, and a LL.M. Candidate at Berkeley School of Law, University of California. Fan's research during her stay in LBNL's China Energy Group focuses on Energy Efficiency Governance, U.S.-China Clean Energy Partnership, the Carbon Cap-and-Trade Program in California and what China can learn from California's program. Prior to LBNL, she interned at the China National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC), China Youth Action Climate Network (CYCAN), and China State Forestry

2

Submarine fan lobes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Submarine fan lobes constitute major hydrocarbon reservoirs throughout the world. Therefore, a clear understanding of their geometry and facies relationships is critical for exploring and exploiting these sandstone bodies effectively. However, a multitude of submarine fan lobe terminologies (e.g., depositional lobe, suprafan lobe, fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, leveed-valley lobe, type I lobe, and type II lobe) advocating widely different meanings, has flourished in the sedimentologic literature. A critical evaluation of this problem has resulted in the following suggestions: (1) lobes are considered to be turbidite sand bodies that develop at the mouths of channels in deep-sea fan environments; (2) the term depositional lobe should be restricted to lower-fan deposits of fans that exhibit facies C and thickening-upward cycles; (3) the term suprafan lobe refers to middle-fan deposits of certain small, sand-rich, modern fans that exhibit a convex-upward depositional bulge in seismic reflection profiles; (4) the terms fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, and leveed-valley lobe do not represent true channel-mouth deposits and therefore are potentially confusing; (5) lower-fan sheet sands of large modern fans may not be equivalent to depositional lobes of ancient fans; and (6) popular fan models with lobes are not always applicable because they disregard large modern fans without lobes (e.g., Mississippi fan).

Shanmugam, G.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fan Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to save energy in fan systems. Fan Tools Tools to Assess Your Energy System Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) Qualified Specialists Qualified Specialists have passed a rigorous...

4

Fan System Assessment Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) is a free online software tool that helps industrial users quantify energy use and savings opportunities in industrial fan systems. Use FSAT to understand how well your fan systems are operating, determine the economic benefit of system modifications, and establish which options are most economically viable when multiple opportunities exist for system modification.

5

Evaluation of the cooling fan efficiency index.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Figure 3. Fan power versus cooling fan the computer fanparameters (cooling effect, fan power and CFE) involved inthat the typical power consumption of cooling fans is lower

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Definitions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Definitions Definitions Definitions Below are a few small business procurement definitions as stated by the Small Business Administration and the Federal Acquisition Regulation. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Get clarity on common terms (and is your business defined by one?) Small business An independently owned and operated entity Not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on government contracts Meets any applicable criteria concerning number of employees or annual receipts established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). Concerns are "affiliates" when one either controls or has the power to control the other or when a third party (or parties) controls or has the power to control both. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

7

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

Monroe, R. C.

8

Ceiling Fan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TODO: Add description List of Ceiling Fan Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCeilingFan&oldid267151" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

9

Introduction of a Cooling Fan Efficiency Index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooling Effect, Fan Power, and Cooling-Fan Efficiency Index?t eq ) C F Fan Power, W (P f ) Cooling-Fan Efficiency (The measured cooling effect and fan power and the determined

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Delgada Fan, Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Delgada Fan, an irregularly shaped turbidite deposit extending more than 350 km offshore from northern California, consists of two large leveed-valley units each fed by a separate complex of coalescing sub...

William R. Normark; Christina E. Gutmacher

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Training: Fan Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in your plant. Fan System Assessment - 1-day workshop Availability: Onsite instructor-led and online Optimizing industrial fan systems can take on many forms, but any fan...

12

Noise from Centrifugal Fans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sound power radiated from the discharge of centrifugal fans of diameters between 3 and 6 1 2 ? inches has been measured as a function of fan dimensions and operating conditions. The measurements were made by arranging the fan under test to discharge into an 11 foot nonreflecting tube in which the static pressure could be controlled. Air was exhausted from the tube through a side port of high acoustic impedance located part way down the tube. The detectingmicrophone which is located in the tube between the exit port and the acoustic termination is out of the air stream and therefore not subject to wind noise. The total discharge noise power P in watts in the range 75 to 10 000 cps was found empirically to be given by P?=?0.90??10 ?4 (D/W)?H 3 ?+?5.2??10 ?10 (Q 5 /W 4 D 8 ) where D and W are the fan diameter and width respectively in inches H is the static pressure in inches of water and Q is the air flow in cubic feet per minute. The angular frequency of the fan wheel does not appear explicitly since this quantity is uniquely specified by H Q D and W. Spectral analysis indicates that the power is concentrated primarily at low frequencies. Application of the results of this study to design problems will be discussed.

R. B. Goldman; G. C. Maling

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Record of Communication Concerning Ceiling Fan and Ceiling Fan...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of communications made to DOE staff on the subject of possible changes to standards and test procedures for ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits. Memo on August 20 ALA DOE...

14

Fans for Cooling | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fans for Cooling Fans for Cooling Fans for Cooling May 30, 2012 - 7:46pm Addthis Ceiling fans circulate air in a room to help keep occupants cool. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jimkruger Ceiling fans circulate air in a room to help keep occupants cool. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jimkruger What does this mean for me? You may be able to keep your home cool with energy-efficient and well-placed fans. Fans are less expensive to operate than air conditioners. Circulating fans include ceiling fans, table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls. These fans create a wind chill effect that will make you more comfortable in your home, even if it's also cooled by natural ventilation or air conditioning. Ceiling Fans Ceiling fans are considered the most effective of these types of fans,

15

Fan System Assessment Tool Introduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation provides an introduction to the Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT). With FSAT, users can calculate the amount of energy used by their fan system; determine system efficiency; and quantify the savings potential of an upgraded system.

16

Comparison of modern Mississippi fan with selected ancient fans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison of the modern passive-margin Mississippi fan (DSDP Leg 96) with selected ancient active-margin fans reveals major differences in turbidite facies associations and seismic characteristics of the lower fan area. The lower Mississippi fan is composed of channel (facies B and F) and nonchannel sequences (facies C. and D), whereas lower fan areas of ancient active-margin fans are characterized by nonchannelized, thickening-upward depositional lobes (facies C and D) with sheetlike geometry. An absence of depositional lobes in the lower Mississippi fan is also suggested by a lack of mounded seismic reflections. Continuous and parallel seismic reflections of the lower Mississippi fan may represent sheet sands, but not those of true depositional lobes. In mature passive-margin fans, long, sinuous channels develop as a consequence of low gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively low sand/mud ratio, and these channels develop lenticular sand bodies. In contrast, channels in active-margin fans are short and commonly braided as a result of high gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively high sand/mud ratio. Braided channels characteristically develop sheetlike sand bodies.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.; McPherson, J.G.; O'Connell, S.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

excluding taxes) excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 01/13/14 3.56 3.46 3.55 3.80 3.63 3.57 3.40 01/06/14 3.70 3.49 3.62 3.82 3.63 3.55 3.43 12/30/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.42 12/23/13 NA NA NA NA NA NA 3.39 12/16/13 3.63 3.50 3.71 3.85 3.71 3.56 3.38 12/9/13 3.83 3.53 3.77 3.86 3.72 3.57 3.39 12/2/13 3.70 3.46 3.75 3.80 3.67 3.53 3.40 11/25/13 3.60 3.38 3.74 3.75 3.61 3.48 3.36 11/18/13 3.74 3.36 3.67 3.70 3.55 3.45 3.33 11/11/13 3.57 3.34 3.57 3.66 3.51 3.42 3.34 11/4/13 3.60 3.36 3.65 3.69 3.58 3.43 3.37 10/28/13 3.60 3.48 3.71 3.84 3.67 3.53 3.38 10/21/13 3.64 3.50 3.75 3.84 3.70 3.54 3.40 10/14/13 3.70 3.45 3.74 3.82 3.70 3.51 3.40 10/7/13 3.63 3.46 3.75 3.83 3.70 3.52 3.41

18

Introduction of a Cooling Fan Efficiency Index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F Fan Power, W (P f ) Cooling-Fan Efficiency (CFE) C/W F/WSun et al. 2007). Thus, the CFE is defined by Equation 1.?t eq CFE = Cooling effect = ( 1 ) --------- P f Fan power

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Evaluation of the cooling fan efficiency index.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

named Cooling Fan Efficiency (CFE) that is the ratio betweenthe Cooling Fan Efficiency (CFE) is defined by Equation 1. ?t CFE ? ( ? 1 ) eq P f where P f is fan power, i.e the input

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

THE WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection If you only know the Big Ass Fan Company as the preeminent designer and manufacturer of high volume, low speed fans for factories and cows, it's time you get to know us better. While we continue to lead the way in industrial and agricultural air movement, we've also refined these designs to bring the same innovation and benefits of our famous fans to circulate an ocean of air in sound-sensitive commercial spaces and homes. And when our customers said they wanted something for smaller spaces, we listened - and we think you'll like the results. We've got you covered - ceiling to floor, wall to door! Features  New patented airfoil system uses 10 Powerfoil airfoils, winglets and patent-pending AirFence(tm) technology to increase

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Save Energy with Axial Fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= Trdh = CFM AAPP. A APPROACH V A~PROACH VAPP. < .5VFAN APPROACH VELOCITY FIG .? A 14 ft. fan, whose design flow as ,J,OOO CFr?1 in a ring 5 feet from grade would have an Area Approach of 220 ft 2 and a'V approach of 1137 FPM. The velocity... through the fan itself would be rOlfjhly: 250,000 or 1624 FPM .785 (14)2 As a rule of thumb, the approach velocity should not exceed 50% of the velocity through the fan. The high approach would cause additional velocity pres sure losses that were...

Monroe, R. C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Fan System Assessment Tool Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fact Sheet Fan System Assessment Tool Fact Sheet Fact sheet describing how industrial plants can improve their fan system performance using AMO's Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT)....

23

Dating Fan Deposits with Cosmogenic Nuclides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boulders are preferable to smaller clasts in that ... time since deposition on the fan. Large boulders are produced through rapid large-scale mass ... to the fan in debris flows or other flood events. Although in...

Susan Ivy-Ochs; Miriam Dhnforth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 1 Curriculum Vitae (Last updated: October 28, 2009) Xudong (Sherman Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant, #12;Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 2 Physics Department and Oregon in Opto-fluidic Ring Resonators for #12;Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 3 Ultrasensitive Biomolecule Detection

Fan, Xudong "Sherman"

25

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Fan deltas and braid deltas: conceptual problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of fan deltas has been widely misinterpreted in the geologic literature. A true fan delta is defined as an alluvial fan deposited into a standing body of water. Such sequences are of limited areal extent and are, as expected, uncommon in the rock record. By contrast, braid deltas (herein defined), formed by progradation of a braided fluvial system into a standing body of water, are a common geomorphic feature in many modern settings, and their deposits are common in the geologic record. Braid-delta sequences are often identified as fan deltas, on the false premise that coarse-grained deposits in a deltaic setting are always part of an alluvial fan complex. The authors find that most published examples of so called fan deltas contain no direct evidence for the presence of an alluvial fan. Even in examples where an alluvial fan could be documented, the authors found that, in many cases, the alluvial fan complex was far removed from the shoreline, separated by an extensive braid plain. The authors suggest that such systems are better classified as braid deltas. They consider that it is essential to distinguish the environmental setting of true fan deltas from that of braid deltas. Misclassification will lead to incorrect interpretations of expected facies, sandstone geometry, reservoir quality, and tectonic settings. Criteria based on geometry, vertical and lateral lithofacies associations, and paleocurrent patterns should be used to correctly identify and distinguish these depositional systems.

McPherson, J.G.; Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Types of submarine fan lobes: Models and implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Different lobe models imply significantly different reservoir geometries; thus, one must apply the proper lobe model to ancient fan sequences. Braided suprafan lobes are characterized by stacked channel sand bodies with good lateral and vertical communication, and they constitute excellent reservoir facies. Depositional lobes, composed of sheet-like sand bodies with good lateral and moderate vertical communication, exhibit properties of good reservoir facies. Fanlobes, which refer to meandering channels and associated levee facies of large mud-rich submarine fans such as the Mississippi fan, are characterized by offset stacked sand bodies with poor lateral and vertical communication .These lenticular sands have the potential to be moderately good reservoir facies. Ponded lobes, which represent mud-rich slump facies of slope environments, comprise poor reservoir facies because of low sand content and poor sand-body connectivity. Furthermore, the presence of contorted mud layers in ponded lobes is expected to hinder fluid flow. External mounded reflections in seismic profiles often are interpreted as lobes; however, there are no definite seismic criteria to delineate mud-rich lobes from sand-rich lobes.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Improving the efficiency of centrifugal fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was made of the design ch;. r- acteristics of this type of fan. In this study, several modifications to existing fans were evaluated. One modification wa concerned with the substitution of airfoil shaped blades f' or the original ones. Another medi... IV DISCUSSION OF RESULTS 0 ~ 1 Evaluation of Unmodified Fan Design 0. 2 11odification of the Cutoff Piece 4. 3 Re-evaluation of the Partial Admission Plate 4 . 4 Inlet Modification 4 . 5 Blade Shape Modifications 4. 6 Final Combined...

Wolfe, Clifford Kent

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Fans and Pumps  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project for two sites. Read details about the fan and pump energy results.

30

STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAN POWER CONSUMPTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAN POWER CONSUMPTION CEC-MECH-4C (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION FAN POWER CONSUMPTION MECH-4C PROJECT NAME: DATE: NOTE: Provide one copy of this worksheet for each Systems or Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems when using the Prescriptive Approach. See Power Consumption

31

Development of a High Efficiency Ceiling Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential of ceiling fans to improve comfort during the cooling season is well documented (Rohles et al.. 1983; Fairey et al.. 1986). There are at least two cases: In the first where air conditioning is unavailable, adding ceiling fans may...

Parker, D. S.; Callahan, M. P.; Sonne, J. K.; Su, G. H.; Hibbs, B. D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Supply fan energy use in pressurized underfloor air distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

air-water devices like fan coil units and water source heatsuch as VAV boxes and fan coil units. One fairly typical

Webster, Tom P.E.; Bauman, Fred P.E.; Ring, Erik P.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd Place: Shanghai Municipality, China Sector: Solar Product: Solar panel wholesaler and system integrator. References: Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd1...

34

Fan-fold shielded electrical leads  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are fan-folded electrical leads made from copper cladded Kapton, for example, with the copper cladding on one side serving as a ground plane and the copper cladding on the other side being etched to form the leads. The Kapton is fan folded with the leads located at the bottom of the fan-folds. Electrical connections are made by partially opening the folds of the fan and soldering, for example, the connections directly to the ground plane and/or the lead. The fan folded arrangement produces a number of advantages, such as electrically shielding the leads from the environment, is totally non-magnetic, and has a very low thermal conductivity, while being easy to fabricate. 3 figs.

Rohatgi, R.R.; Cowan, T.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

35

Fan System Assessment - End User Training | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fan System Assessment - End User Training Fan System Assessment - End User Training Fan System Assessment - End User Training December 18, 2013 7:30AM to 4:30PM EST Boise, Idaho Optimizing industrial fan systems can take on many forms, but any fan optimization project must meet the needs of the process. This self-paced workshop highlights the benefits of fan system optimization and examines fan system performance characteristics and practical issues concerning measurement data. The session introduces the FSAT software. This powerful analysis software helps you quantify the potential benefits of configuring fan systems for optimal performance, calculate the amount of energy use by your fan system, and estimate fan system efficiency. Learn how the software works, what data is required for FSAT, and how to interpret assessment

36

Cooling with a Whole House Fan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cooling with a Whole House Fan Cooling with a Whole House Fan Cooling with a Whole House Fan May 30, 2012 - 6:54pm Addthis Whole house fan installed as part of a home retrofit project in California. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL. Whole house fan installed as part of a home retrofit project in California. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL. What does this mean for me? A whole-house fan may be sufficient to cool your house, at least for part of the year. In many climates, a whole-house fan can save you money and maintain comfort during the cooling season. How does it work? A whole-house fan works by pulling air in through windows and exhausting it through the attic and roof. Whole house cooling using a whole house fan can substitute for an air conditioner most of the year in most climates. Whole house fans combined

37

Synchronous and Cogged Fan Belt Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The GSA Regional GPG Team commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to perform monitoring of cogged V-belts and synchronous belts on both a constant volume and a variable air volume fan at the Byron G. Rodgers Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Denver, Colorado. These motor/fan combinations were tested with their original, standard V-belts (appropriately tensioned by an operation and maintenance professional) to obtain a baseline for standard operation. They were then switched to the cogged V-belts, and finally to synchronous belts. The power consumption by the motor was normalized for both fan speed and air density changes. This was necessary to ensure that the power readings were not influenced by a change in rotational fan speed or by the power required to push denser air. Finally, energy savings and operation and maintenance savings were compiled into an economic life-cycle cost analysis of the different belt options.

Cutler, D.; Dean, J.; Acosta, J.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Performance Assessment of Photovoltaic Attic Ventilator Fans  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A case study of photovoltaic attic ventilator fans was conducted on an occupied single family home in Central Florida. Two fans were installed at mid-summer in an instrumented home where attic air temperature, meteorological conditions and space cooling electric power were measured. The home already had an attic radiant barrier, but still experienced attic air temperatures in excess of 130oF.

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan deposits Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER Summary: and flood hazard sediment deposition in an alluvial fan on alluvial fans extremely dangerous. channel... ) in...

40

Nucleosome positioning by genomic excluding-energy barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genomic excluding-energy barriers 10.1073...Vaillant Benjamin Audit Zofia Haftek-Terreau...Sequence motifs and free energies of selected natural and non-natural...174 . 14 Vaillant C Audit B Arneodo A ( 2007...excluding genomic energy barriers Pascale Milani...Vaillant, Benjamin Audit, Zofia Haftek-Terreau...

Pascale Milani; Guillaume Chevereau; Cdric Vaillant; Benjamin Audit; Zofia Haftek-Terreau; Monique Marilley; Philippe Bouvet; Franoise Argoul; Alain Arneodo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure January 3, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis The...

42

Development of Power-head based Fan Airflow Station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of Power-head Based Fan Airflow Station Gang Wang Research associate University of Nebraska, Lincoln Mingsheng Liu Professor University of Nebraska, Lincoln Abstract Fan airflow measurement is critical for heating... under partial loads. On the other hand, in most of airflow range, the power curve varies exquisitely. Wang and Liu developed the VFD airflow station to obtain the fan airflow using the power and speed based on the power curve. Both the fan...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Through Hydraulic Fan Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fan Drive Eliminates These Problems from the Drive Train. The electric motor is at ground level; close coupled to a hydraulic pump, filters and oil reservoir. Hydraulic lines bring oil flow to the lightweight hydraulic motor mounted at the fan... Tower Fan Drives Are Many: It removes the hazard of costly fan wrecks and shaft coupling breakage. It eliminates gearbox maintenance, breakdown or replacement. The electric motor is mounted with the reservoir and pump at ground level for ease...

Dickerson, J.

44

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy (DOE) has published a final rule regarding test procedures for residential furnace fans.

45

Adjustable Speed- A Tool for Saving Energy Losses in Pumps, Fans, Fans, Blowers and Compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petroleum and chemical plants of today are effectively cutting energy losses in their plants thermally, electrically, and mechanically in their process equipment. In rotating process equipment such as pumps, fans, compressors, and blowers, much...

Hickok, H. N.

46

List of Whole House Fans Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whole House Fans Incentives Whole House Fans Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 26 Whole House Fans Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 26) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Iowa) Utility Rebate Program Iowa Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Ceiling Fan Clothes Washers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Doors Heat recovery Lighting Motor VFDs Motors Refrigerators Water Heaters Windows Whole House Fans Room Air Conditioners Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

47

List of Ceiling Fan Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fan Incentives Fan Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 99 Ceiling Fan Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 99) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners Custom/Others pending approval Duct/Air sealing Heat pumps Lighting Motors Programmable Thermostats Windows Yes AEP Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners Custom/Others pending approval Dehumidifiers Duct/Air sealing Heat pumps Lighting Motors Programmable Thermostats

48

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Title Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number LBNL-6007E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Coles, Henry C., Steve E. Greenberg, and Corrine Vita Document Number LBNL-6007E Date Published 12/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley, CA Keywords air distribution, building technology and urban systems department, computer room air handler, crah control, data center, data center crah, ec fan, ecm, ecm fan, fan speed control, high tech and industrial systems group, plug fan, variable frequency drive, vfd, wireless control Abstract

49

Mass and fans in attached sunspaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of thermal storage mass on the performance of an attached sunspace is investigated for a particular design in Boston. Mass in the sunspace and in the adjoining building are compared. Performance is evaluated in terms of temperature conditions in the sunspace and delivery of useful solar heat to the adjoining building. The dependence of the results on the manner of heat delivery is studied. Both natural convection and fan-forced air flow are included.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.; Lazarus, G.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Thermodynamical Consistency of Excluded Volume Hadron Gas Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new excluded volume hadron gas model by Singh et al. [1-7] is critically discussed. We demonstrate that in this model the results obtained from relations between thermodynamical quantities disagree with the corresponding results obtained by statistical ensemble averaging. Thus, the model does not satisfy the requirements of thermodynamical consistency.

M. I. Gorenstein

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

51

Morphology and seismic stratigraphy of the Toyama deep sea fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. C. Hilde The Toyama Deep Sea Fan, a contemporary depositional feature located in the Japan Sea, is a canyon-fed elongate fan system with pronounced lobes in both the Yamato and Japan Basins. The Toyama Fan is the eighth largest modern fan system... with a surface area greater than 108, 000 square kilometers. Deposits of this Quaternary turbidite system range in thickness from less than 150 m to more than 750 m. The meandering Toyama Deep Sea Channel extends northward from the central coast...

Shepherd, David Barton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

DOE Publishes Request for Information for Ceiling Fans | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fans Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards...

53

Appearance Learning by Adaptive Kalman Filters for FLIR Tracking Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan, Xin Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appearance Learning by Adaptive Kalman Filters for FLIR Tracking Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan the challenging issue of target tracking and appearance learning in Forward Looking In- frared (FLIR) sequences existing methods and experiments on the AMCOM FLIR dataset validate its effectiveness. 1. Introduction

Fan, Guoliang

54

Target Tracking with Online Feature Selection in FLIR Imagery Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan and Xin Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Target Tracking with Online Feature Selection in FLIR Imagery Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan tracking algo- rithm for FLIR imagery. A dual foreground and background model is proposed for target that the proposed algorithm can accurately track poorly-visible targets in FLIR imagery even with strong ego

Fan, Guoliang

55

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA » National NEPA » National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX) - Categorical exclusions are categories of actions that DOE has determined, by regulation, do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is typically required. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1021, National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures, Appendices A and B to Subpart D, list DOE's categorical exclusions. Appendix A classes of actions are those actions considered to be general agency actions, such as awarding a contract or hiring personnel. Appendix B classes of actions

56

Modeling of ECM Controlled Series Fan-powered VAV Terminal Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semi-empirical models for series fan-powered variable air volume terminal units (FPTUs) were developed based on models of the primary, plenum, fan airflow and the fan power consumption. The experimental setups and test procedures were developed...

Yin, Peng

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

57

Choosing the right boiler air fans at Weston 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When it came to choosing the three 'big' boiler air fans - forced draft, induced draft and primary air, the decision revolved around efficiency. The decision making process for fan selection for the Western 4 supercritical coal-fired plant is described in this article. 3 photos.

Spring, N.

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Submarine-fan sedimentation, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas and Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 10,000 m (32,808 ft) of interbedded sandstones and shales comprise the Upper Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian flysch succession (Stanley, Jackfork, Johns Valley, Atoka) in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma. Deposited primarily by turbidity current and hemipelagic processes in bathyal and abyssal water depths, these strata formed major submarine-fan complexes that prograded in a westward direction along the axis of an elongate remnant ocean basin that was associated with the collision and suturing of the North American and African-South American plates. A longitudinal fan system is visualized as the depositional framework for these strata, which were deposited in a setting analogous to the modern Bengal fan of the Indian Ocean. Facies analysis of the Jackfork formation indicates that inner fan deposits are present in the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkansas; middle fan channel and interchannel deposits occur at DeGray Dam and Friendship, Arkansas; and outer fan depositional-lobe deposits are present in southeastern Oklahoma. Boulder-bearing units (olistostromes), many with exotic clasts, were shed laterally into the Ouachita basin. They occur throughout the flysch succession and in all fan environments (i.e., inner, middle, and outer). This relationship may serve as a useful criterion for recognizing analogous longitudinal fan systems in the rock record.

Moiola, R.J.; Shanmugam, G.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Improving Fan System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This sourcebook is designed to provide fan system users with a reference outlining opportunities to improve system performance. It is not intended to be a comprehensive technical text on improving fan systems, but rather a document that makes users aware of potential performance improvements, provides some practical guidelines, and details where the user can find more help.

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan nye Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Abstract. Alluvial fans of alpine torrents are both natural deposition areas for sediment discharged... on alluvial fans depends on proper iden- tification of ... Source:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECM motor, plug fan, variable frequency drive i ii TABLE OFcontrol system and variable frequency drives can be added toby adding variable frequency drives (VFDs) to fans with

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Submitting Organization Hongyou Fan Sandia National Laboratories  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

 2007 R&D 100 Award Entry Form  Submitting Organization Hongyou Fan Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Materials Laboratory 1001 University Boulevard SE Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA 505-272-7128 (phone) 505-272-7336 (fax) hfan@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate represen- tation of this product. Submitter's signature_______________________________ Earl Stromberg Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Mail Zone 2893 PO Box 748 Fort Worth, TX 76101, USA 817-763-7376 (phone) 817-762-6911 (fax) Earl.W.Stromberg@lmco.com Self-Assembling Process for Fabricating Tailored Thin Films This simple, economical nanotechnology coating process enables the development of nanoparticle thin films

63

"ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" ENDING STOCKS OF CRUDE OIL (excluding SPR)" "Sourcekey","WCESTP11","WCESTP11","WCESTP21","WCESTP21","WCESTP31","WCESTP31","WCESTP41","WCESTP41","WCESTP51","WCESTP51","WCESTUS1","WCESTUS1" "Date","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Midwest (PADD 2) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly West Coast (PADD 5) Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","Weekly U.S. Ending Stocks excluding SPR of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)"

64

High Efficiency Fans and High Efficiency Electrical Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Replacing nominal efficient electrical motors with premium efficiency can save on electrical power costs in cotton gins. Connected horsepower load on industrial air fans is approximately 60% of the total horsepower in a typical cotton gin...

Breedlove, C. W.

65

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Furnace Fans to Reduce Carbon...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

by at least 3 billion metric tons in total by 2030, equal to more than a year's carbon pollution from the entire U.S. electricity system. Furnace fans are used to circulate air...

66

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Circulation fans Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 18.6715328229 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 3.84924044288 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 13.5679722118 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 10.115947775 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 10.4348038368 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 3.09034005771 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 1.5024342653 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 13.4365662073 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 2.75323793817 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 15.8993705073 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.11354848212 +

67

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercFans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercFans SPElectrtyUsePercFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Fans Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 7.29539104961 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 16.7673965927 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 27.9131959869 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 12.2479817873 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 29.1925346224 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 15.8653423601 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 12.809449974 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 22.2979541594 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 22.7088540206 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 13.3738132017 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 25.1040933765 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 22.6542018423 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 24.3166483485 +

68

Sociocultural definitions of risk  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public constituencies frequently are criticized by technical experts as being irrational in response to low-probability risks. This presentation argued that most people are concerned with a variety of risk attributes other than probability and that is rather irrational to exclude these from the definition and analysis of technological risk. Risk communication, which is at the heart of the right-to-know concept, is described as the creation of shared meaning rather than the mere transmission of information. A case study of utilities, public utility commissions, and public interest groups illustrates how the diversity of institutional cultures in modern society leads to problems for the creation of shared meanings in establishing trust, distributing liability, and obtaining consent to risk. This holistic approach to risk analysis is most appropriate under conditions of high uncertainty and/or decision stakes. 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Rayner, S.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Small-scale event sport tourism: fans as tourists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

College sports events have the potential to increase city revenue and community spirit, while increasing traveler's awareness of the local community. This two-part study focuses on the tourism-related behaviors of fans who follow the University of Florida (USA) football team (the Gators). In the fall of 1999, 181 Gator fans were surveyed. Descriptive statistics illustrated that Sport Excursionists and Sport Tourists spent money on food and shopping while attending games, but their main motivation was to see the game. In the fall of 2000, 20 Gator fans took part in follow-up face-to-face interviews. Three themes emerged from the data about their travel-related behaviors when attending football games: (a) being a fan; (b) pilgrimages to the mecca of Gator football; and (c) on the road with the team. Further analysis of the results revealed that Gator fans are more likely to engage in traditional tourist behaviors while attending away games. Therefore, it is hypothesized that the tourism benefits for small communities may lie in leveraging the events to the visiting team's fans.

Heather J Gibson; Cynthia Willming; Andrew Holdnak

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Best Practice for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Fan-FilterUnits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HVAC systems in cleanrooms may use 50 percent or more of the total cleanroom energy use. Fan energy use accounts for a significant portion (e.g., over 50%) of the HVAC energy use in cleanrooms such as ISO Classes 3, 4, or 5. Three types of air-handling systems for recirculating airflows are commonly used in cleanrooms: (1) fan-tower systems with pressurized plenum, (2) ducted HEPA systems with distributed-fans, and (3) systems with fan-filter units. Because energy efficiency of the recirculation systems could vary significantly from system type to system type, optimizing aerodynamic performance in air recirculation systems appears to be a useful approach to improve energy efficiency in cleanrooms. Providing optimal airflows through careful planning, design and operation, including air change rate, airflow uniformity, and airflow speed, is important for controlling particle contamination in cleanrooms. In practice, the use of fan-filter units (FFUs) in the air-handling system is becoming more and more popular because of this type of system may offer a number of advantages. Often modular and portable than traditional recirculation airflow systems, FFUs are easier to install, and can be easily controlled and monitored to maintain filtration performance. Energy efficiency of air handling systems using fan-filter units can, however, be lower than their counterparts and may vary significantly from system to system because of the difference in energy performance, airflow paths, and the operating conditions of FFUs.

Xu, Tengfang

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Photo of the Week: Fan-tastic | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fan-tastic Fan-tastic Photo of the Week: Fan-tastic August 17, 2012 - 10:30am Addthis In Jonesboro, Arkansas, a Nordex USA employee stands between utility-scale components that will eventually make up a completed wind turbine. Under the Recovery Act, Nordex USA received a tax credit to assist in the creation of the Jonesboro manufacturing facility, which opened in October 2010. | Photo courtesy of Nordex USA. In Jonesboro, Arkansas, a Nordex USA employee stands between utility-scale components that will eventually make up a completed wind turbine. Under the Recovery Act, Nordex USA received a tax credit to assist in the creation of the Jonesboro manufacturing facility, which opened in October 2010. | Photo courtesy of Nordex USA. Sarah Gerrity Sarah Gerrity Multimedia Editor, Office of Public Affairs

72

Performance and Stability Analysis of a Shrouded-Fan UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with the estimation of the performance and stability for a shrouded-fan unmanned rotorcraft whose mission profile also prescribes the flight in ground effect. The not so simple estimation of the aerodynamic coefficients and of the thrust in the various situations makes the performance calculation and the stability analysis difficult tasks. This is due to the strong interaction between the fan flow and shroud that causes quite different flow structures about the airframe depending on flight conditions. A further difficulty is related to the ground effect which produces substantial modifications in the rotor thrust and aerodynamic coefficients. To evaluate performance and stability, two models have been developed. One determines the aerodynamic coefficients of the shroud, whereas the other one calculates thrust and moment of the rotors system. Both models take into account the mutual interference between fan flow and fuselage and ground effect. Performance and stability are then discussed with ...

de Divitiis, Nicola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports Imports & Exports Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

74

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Inputs & Utilization Inputs & Utilization Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

75

Geomorphology and morphometric characteristics of alluvial fans, Guadalupe Mountains National Park and adjacent areas, west Texas and New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................ 29 14 Alluvial fans along the Guadalupe Mountains in Big Dog Canyon........ 31 15 Alluvial fans along the Brokeoff Mountains in Big Dog Canyon........... 35 16 View of alluvial fans from their drainage basins.................................. 75 27 Salt Basin-Brokeoff Mountains alluvial fan group ................................. 76 28 Big Dog Canyon-Brokeoff Mountains alluvial fan group....................... 77 29 Big Dog Canyon-Guadalupe Mountains alluvial fan group...

Given, Jeffrey Lyle

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Title Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4183E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Singer, Brett C., William W. Delp, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords airflow & pollutant transport group, cooktop, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, gas burners, indoor air quality, indoor environment department, kitchen, nitrogen dioxide, oven, pollutant emissions, range hood, residential, source control, task ventilation, technology, sustainability and impact assessment group Abstract The installed performance of cooking exhaust fans was evaluated through residential field experiments conducted on a sample of 15 devices varying in design and other characteristics. The sample included two rear downdraft systems, two under-cabinet microwave over range (MOR) units, three different installations of an under-cabinet model with grease screens across the bottom and no capture hood, two devices with grease screens covering the bottom of a large capture hood (one under-cabinet, one wall-mount chimney), four under-cabinet open hoods, and two open hoods with chimney mounts over islands. Performance assessment included measurement of airflow and sound levels across fan settings and experiments to quantify the contemporaneous capture efficiency for the exhaust generated by natural gas cooking burners. Capture efficiency is defined as the fraction of generated pollutants that are removed through the exhaust and thus not available for inhalation of household occupants. Capture efficiency (CE) was assessed for various configurations of burner use (e.g. single front, single back, combination of one front and one back, oven) and fan speed setting. Measured airflow rates were substantially lower than the levels noted in product literature for many of the units. This shortfall was observed for several units costing in excess of $1000. Capture efficiency varied widely (from <5% to roughly 100%) across devices and across conditions for some devices. As expected, higher capture efficiencies were achieved with higher fan settings and the associated higher air flow rates. In most cases, capture efficiencies were substantially higher for rear burners than for front burners. The best and most consistent performance was observed for open hoods that covered all cooktop burners and operated at higher airflow rates. The lowest capture efficiencies were measured when a front burner was used with a rear backdraft system or with lowest fan setting for above the range systems that do not cover the front burners.

77

Use of VFDs on Asphalt Plant Induced Draft Fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mixer at the burner end and flows across the aggregate as it moves toward the burner. The hot air Extrapolating savings achieved with 10 asphalt plants in the Intermountain West, almost 200,000 MWh of annual energy savings could be achieved... Name Damper Plant kWh Fan kWh Fan % Staker West Haven Outlet 1,021,040 ,68130% Ogden Plant Outlet 548,640 171,257 31% POM Plant Outlet 1,284,480 ,61825% Orem Plant Inlet 890,250 96,731 11% Staker Cedar City Outlet 502,320 115,949 23% Staker Beck Street...

Anderson, G. R.; Case, P. L.; Lowery, J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Amateur experts: International fan labor in Swedish independent music  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Swedish music than we have, which is kind of cool. Well-placed fans can even break bands. Nick Levine, explains how he and his partner in the Londons Swedish nightclub Tack!Tack!Tack! (which had a strong MySpace presence of its own) influenced... work by positioning themselves as enthusiasts too far outside the scene to merit economic reward. These fans sometimes took umbrage to implications that they are involved in the scene, doing work, or should be paid: I dont want to say Im involved...

Baym, Nancy K.; Burnett, Robert

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Experimental investigation on the energy-saving diffuser of a main fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main fan diffuser in a coal mine is an energy-recycling equipment with a dynamic energy loss for the main fan. Engineering practices ... are irrational. To solve the problem, an energy-saving diffuser is desi...

Shi-qiang Chen; Hai-qiao Wang

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Method for Evaluating the Application of Variable Frequency Drives with Coal Mine Ventilation Fans.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The adjustable-pitch setting on an axial-flow fan is the most common method of controlling airflow for primary coal mine ventilation. With this method, the fan (more)

Murphy, Tyson M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Improve the Energy Efficiency of Fan Systems, Software Tools for Industry, Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how the Industrial Technologies Program Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) can help quantify energy consumption and savings opportunities in industrial fan systems.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Residential Furnace Fans Energy Conservation Standards  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy has published a notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for residential furnace fans.

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced cancer excluding Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced cancer excluding Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Eur J Cancer. Author manuscript Social...

85

Fan Aerodynamic Performance Guarantees: Do Your Policies, Procedures and Penalties Provide Adequate Certainty?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With few exceptions, fan vendors do not provide a written guarantee regarding aerodynamic performance. Some fan vendors even go so far as to state in their terms and conditions of sale that fan performance is not guaranteed unless it is specifically...

Kaufman, S. G.; Martin, V.; Falk, M. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Early to middle Miocene foraminifera from the deep-sea Congo Fan, offshore Angola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early to middle Miocene foraminifera from the deep-sea Congo Fan, offshore Angola Severyn Kender,1 section of an exploration well penetrating the distal part of the Congo Fan (~2000m water depth) yielded Miocene Monterey Carbon Isotope Excursion. INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan has been the subject

Kaminski, Michael A.

87

INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is the distal component of the sec-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is the distal component of the sec- ond largest delta system the Congo River and its associated tributaries (see Goudie, 2005). The Congo Fan is a terrigenous wedge foraminiferal microfauna from the 107 Oligocene Deep-Water Agglutinated Foraminifera from the Congo Fan

Kaminski, Michael A.

88

Submarine fan lobe models: Implications for reservoir properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multitude of submarine fan lobe models, advocating widely different reservoir properties, has been introduced into the sedimentologic literature. Four of these models are compared to show their differences in reservoir properties. Braided suprafan lobes are characterized by stacked sand bodies with good lateral and vertical communication, and they constitute excellent reservoir facies. The unchanneled depositional lobes, composed of sheetlike sand bodies with good lateral and moderate vertical communication, exhibit properties of good reservoir facies. Fanlobes, which refer to meandering channels and associated levee facies of large mud-rich submarine fans such as the Mississippi Fan in the Gulf of Mexico, are characterized by offset stacked sand bodies with poor lateral and vertical communication. These lenticular sands have the potential to be moderately good reservoir facies. Ponded lobes, which represent mud-rich slump facies of slope environments, comprise poor reservoir facies because of poor sand content and poor sand-body connectivity caused by chaotic bedding. Furthermore, the presence of slumped mud layers in ponded lobes is expected to hinder fluid flow. Because different lobe models vary significantly from one another in terms of reservoir properties, caution must be exercised to apply the proper lobe model to ancient fan sequences in hydrocarbon exploration and production.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Performance of ECM controlled VAV fan powered terminal units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006). The airflow and power consumption performance models had an R2 equal to 0.990 or greater for every terminal unit tested. An air leakage model was employed to account for leakage in the parallel designed VAV terminal units when the internal fan...

Cramlet, Andrew Charles

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 20, 1997 Abstract We develop heuristics for a problem that models the static balancing of turbine Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan blades to counteract the residual un- balance. For gas and steam turbines, this is necessary not only when the engine

Bartholdi III, John J.

91

Alluvial-fan deposits of Eldorado and Piute Valleys Alluvial-fan deposits are mapped as allostratigraphic units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that may be subject to intermittent flooding from active channels. Young alluvial-fan depositsMFan-piedmont and interfluvial wash terrace remnants; pebble-cobble to boulder gravel; small pebble sand where dominated by grus-cobble to boulder gravel. Deposits are poorly sorted; generally matrix supported; poorly to moderately stratified

Tingley, Joseph V.

92

ISSUANCE: 2014-12-03 Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers: Availability of Provisional Analysis Tools  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers: Availability of Provisional Analysis Tools

93

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Offshore Gross Withdrawals Offshore Gross Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Well A well completed for the production of natural gas from one or more gas zones or reservoirs. Such wells contain no completions for the production of crude oil. Gross Withdrawals Full well-stream volume, including all natural gas plant liquids and all nonhydrocarbon gases, but excluding lease condensate. Also includes amounts delivered as royalty payments or consumed in field operations. Offshore Located in either State or Federal domains, seaward of the coastline. Oil Well (Casinghead) Gas Natural gas produced along with crude oil from oil wells. It contains either dissolved or associated gas or both. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources

94

Variable Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer Room Air Conditioners  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Variable-Speed Fan Variable-Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer-Room Air Conditioners Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Technology Case Study Bulletin By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Greenberg September 2013 2 Contacts Steve Greenberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 (510) 486-6971 segreenberg@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 (202) 586-3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov 3 Acknowledgements EPRI: Dennis Symanski, Brian Fortenbery Synapsense: Garret Smith, Patricia Nealon Vigilent: Corinne Vita

95

LAB 3 Cleanroom Fan and Filters Analysis for the Supports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 1400 lb blower fan and a 2700 lb filter box are to be supported at Lab 3. The support structure is a framework that suspends from the building wall to the cleanroom and to a washroom. The framework is made of welded 4-inch x 8-inch x 1/4-inch rectangular A36 steel tube. Welds are to be standard prequalified welds as by AISC. The main support frame is approximately 7-feet off the floor and welded onto the top of 10 columns. A deflection and stress study was performed on the planned structure. A scaled plan view is given in drawing 3823.113-MD-358764. The heaviest loaded beams were labeled with a letter designation and were studied for beam deflections and stresses. The 4-inch x 8-inch rectangular tube was also used for the substructure for the fan and filter mounts and to support a temporary floor grating during maintenance.

Cease, H.; /Fermilab

1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distributions in Mississippi Fan sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Sandberg, B. A. , University of Colorado Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Brooks Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) distributions in Upper Pleistocene sediments of the Mississippi Fan and two intraslope basins in the Gulf of Mexico... chemistries is separate phase migration driven by hydrodynamic flow upward along fault planes. The same variables at intraslope basin sites are highly altered, possibly due to extensive gravity slump faulting. High- performance liquid chromatography...

Sandberg, William Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

Evaluation of Retrofit Variable-Speed Furnace Fan Motors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In conjunction with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and Proctor Engineering Group, Ltd. (PEG), the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) has evaluated the Concept 3 (tm) replacement motors for residential furnaces. These brushless, permanent magnet (BPM) motors can use much less electricity than their PSC (permanent split capacitor) predecessors. This evaluation focuses on existing homes in the heating-dominated climate of upstate New York with the goals of characterizing field performance and cost-effectiveness. The results of this study are intended to be useful to home performance contractors, HVAC contractors, and home efficiency program stakeholders. The project includes eight homes in and near Syracuse, NY. Tests and monitoring was performed both before and after fan motors were replaced. Average fan power reductions were approximately 126 Watts during heating and 220 Watts during cooling operation. Over the course of entire heating and cooling seasons, these translated into average electric energy savings of 163 kWh. Average cost savings were $20 per year. Homes where the fan was used outside of heating and cooling mode saved an additional $42 per year on average. Results indicate that BPM replacement motors will be most cost-effective in HVAC systems with longer run times and relatively low duct static pressures. More dramatic savings are possible if occupants use the fan-only setting when there is no thermal load. There are millions of cold-climate, U.S. homes that meet these criteria, but the savings in most homes tested in this study were modest.

Aldrich, R.; Williamson, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Notices Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

742 Federal Register 742 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 27, 2012 / Notices Definitions ................................................................................................. https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Defs.png Sanctions, Burden & Confidentiality ......................................................... https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Info.png SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This information collection request contains: (1) OMB No. 1905-0191; (2) Information Collection Request Title: Annual Survey of Alternative Fueled Vehicles; (3) Type of Request: Revision of currently approved collection; (4a) Purpose: Form EIA-886 is an annual survey that collects information on the number and type of AFVs and other advanced technology vehicles that

99

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

100

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Urine definition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

definition definition Name: durwood Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What material is urine composed of? Replies: Urine is normally composed of water and wasted products filtered form the body. The kidney produces urine. The other main function of the kidney is to regulate fluid balance in the body. It performs this function by using a selective osmosis system. Basically, the way it works is that electrolytes (dissolved salts like sodium, potassium, calcium, carbonate, chloride) are pumped back into or out of urine and blood so that in the end, just the right amounts of electrolyte and water exit the kidney blood vein. The rest ends up in urine. Interestingly, normal urine is sterile and has no bacteria. psych Urine contains 95% water and 5% solids. More than 1000 different mineral salts and compounds are estimated to be in urine. So far, our scientific community knows of about 200 elements. Some substances are: vitamins, amino acids, antibodies, enzymes, hormones, antigens, interleukins, proteins, immunoglobulins, gastric secretory depressants, tolergens, immunogens, uric acid, urea, proteoses, directin, H-11 (a growth inhibitory factor in human cancer), and urokinase. Believe it or not, scientists have know for years that urine is antibacterial, anti-protozoal, anti-fungal, anti- viral, and anti-tuberculostatic!

102

Lattice Definitions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Parameters Lattice Definitions APS storage ring lattice consists of 40 almost identical sectors. Each sector contains two dipoles, ten quadrupoles, seven sextupoles and also has a 5-m-long straight section for placement of Insertion Devices (IDs) or other equipment. Four of these straight sections are occupied with rf cavities, one straight section is used for injection, all others are available for IDs. Also, each sector contains eight steering magnets with both horizontal and vertical correction coils and 11 beam position monitors (BPMs). Due to some space limitations, there are several sectors that have less steering magnets or BPMs. Simple lattice description - one typical sector (elegant input file)

103

Equipartition of two measures by a 4-fan Imre B ar any  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, there is a point and four hal ines emanating form it such that each of the four sectors have measure 1=4 in both are used here without much change. A point x in the plane and four hal ines, ` 1 ; ` 2 ; ` 3 ; ` 4 of S 2 . A 4-fan in R 2 is lifted to a 4-fan in S 2 in a natural way: a spherical 4-fan is a point x 2

Bárány, Imre

104

Development of In-Situ Fan Curve Measurement with One Airflow Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of In-situ Fan Curve Measurement with One Airflow Measurement Guopeng Liu, Ik-Seong Joo, Li Song, Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory University of Nebraska ABSTRACT Fan airflow is the key parameter for air... is another issue for this method. Therefore, it is very important to find an effective way to measure the airflow accurately. An airflow control named VSD volumetric tracking (VSDVT) has been developed by Liu [13] recently. This method uses fan...

Liu, G.; Joo, I. S.; Song, L.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

106

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan sedimentation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

alluvial fans commonly occur with little to no warning, and have high velocities and sediment... with little warning, travel at high speeds, and carry massive amounts of sediment...

108

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan surfaces Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Park: Climatic and intrinsic controls on Holocene geomorphic processes Summary: similar burn surfaces in numerous alluvial-fan stratigraphic sections (Figs. 3b and 3c). Rarely......

109

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8.0 percent. The reduced electrical energy use at the siteamount of fan electrical energy can be conserved. The4 megawatts; overall site electrical energy savings provided

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Genetic stratigraphy of a part of the Miocene Congo Fan, West Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The stratigraphic framework and reservoir distribution are essential factors controlling the accumulation of petroleum in the Miocene Congo Fan. Analysis of cores, well logs, and seismic data suggest that the submarine fan autocycle (genetic cycle) is presented by sequence of slump, debrite, densite currents, and turbidites, whereas allocycles (long-term cycles) may be composed of several autocycles (short-term cycles) that, appear as a stacking pattern or retrogradational fan. Scour surfaces at the base of gravity flow channel, stable hemipelagic mudstone section, and the surface between fan retrogradation and progradation can be used for the correlations.

Zhenglong Jiang; Rong Wang; Wenbo Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Notes and Definitions  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

base and working gas. EIA also provides an estimate of the "implied flow" of working natural gas into or out of underground natural gas storage facilities that excludes...

112

Particle number fluctuations in nuclear collisions within excluded volume hadron gas model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The multiplicity fluctuations are studied in the van der Waals excluded volume hadron-resonance gas model. The calculations are done in the grand canonical ensemble within the Boltzmann statistics approximation. The scaled variances for positive, negative and all charged hadrons are calculated along the chemical freeze-out line of nucleus-nucleus collisions at different collision energies. The multiplicity fluctuations are found to be suppressed in the van der Waals gas. The numerical calculations are presented for two values of hard-core hadron radius, $r=0.3$ fm and 0.5 fm, as well as for the upper limit of the excluded volume suppression effects.

M. I. Gorenstein; M. Hauer; D. O. Nikolajenko

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed 55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed 55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%.

114

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area of Entry Area of Entry Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

115

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Total Stocks Total Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

116

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Conventional Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

117

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Stocks by Type Stocks by Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Alaskan in Transit Alaskan crude oil stocks in transit by water between Alaska and the other States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

118

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Imports by Country of Origin U.S. Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

119

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Stocks Refinery Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

120

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Blender Net Inputs and Blender Net Inputs Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply and Disposition Balance Supply and Disposition Balance Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

122

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Products Supplied Products Supplied Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

123

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Weekly Supply Estimates Weekly Supply Estimates Definitions Key Terms Definition All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas (e.g. straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus. Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

124

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Working Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

125

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Retail Gasoline and Diesel Surveys Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Area Any area that does not require the sale of reformulated gasoline. All types of finished motor gasoline may be sold in this area. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the reformulated gasoline category. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Note: this survey designates all motor gasoline collected within a conventional area as conventional gasoline (see conventional area). Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

126

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Motor Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Sales Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual transactions which exceed the size of a truckload. Conventional Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Dealer Tank Wagon Sales (DTW) Wholesale sales of gasoline priced on a delivered basis to a retail outlet. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

127

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Blender Net Production Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%.

128

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wellhead Value & Marketed Production Wellhead Value & Marketed Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Marketed Production Gross withdrawals less gas used for repressuring, quantities vented and flared, and nonhydrocarbon gases removed in treating or processing operations. Includes all quantities of gas used in field and processing plant operations. Production The volume of natural gas withdrawn from reservoirs less (1) the volume returned to such reservoirs in cycling, repressuring of oil reservoirs, and conservation operations; less (2) shrinkage resulting from the removal of lease condensate; and less (3) nonhydrocarbon gases where they occur in sufficient quantity to render the gas unmarketable. Volumes of gas withdrawn from gas storage reservoirs and native gas, which has been transferred to the storage category, are not considered production. Flared and vented gas is also considered production. (This differs from "Marketed Production" which excludes flared and vented gas.)

129

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol.

130

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District Imports by Country of Origin PAD District Imports by Country of Origin Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

131

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports by Destination Imports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

132

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks by State Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Bulk Terminal A facility used primarily for the storage and/or marketing of petroleum products which has a total bulk storage capacity of 50,000 barrels or more and/or receives petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

133

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Shell Storage Capacity at Operable Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

134

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Tanker and Barge Between PADDs Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

135

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Exports by Destination Exports by Destination Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

136

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Input Input Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB) Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional motor gasoline. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

137

A COMPUTATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF A DUCTED FAN USED IN VTOL UAV SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions. Fan rotor field including secondary flows, tip vortices, blade boundary layers and the wake sys wind tunnel test data. Total pressure measurements and computational predictions of mean flow field shows a significant level of 3D hub separation affecting the overall performance of the ducted fan

Camci, Cengiz

138

University of Nevada Las Vegas Arduino Project Report: Fan Speed Control as a Function of Thermistor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Nevada Las Vegas Arduino Project Report: Fan Speed Control as a Function, and an arduino board. The arduino board is programmed to read the analog input, the thermistor, and respond by the arduino that will decrease the speed of the fan. Furthermore, if the temperature goes up, the resistance

Kachroo, Pushkin

139

The Spacing of Ceiling Fans for Human Comfort in Warm Temperature Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airspeed tests of a commercially popular 52 in. ceiling fan operating at a low speed of 155 fpm provided sufficient airspeed for comfort to 82F in an average floor area of 97.2 ft^2 beneath the fan. When operating at maximum speed, the average floor...

Spain, S.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado River in Grand with the BUREAU OF RECLAMATION #12;Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado ....................................................................................................................... 6 Effects of debris flows on the Colorado River

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Boost Converter Provides Temperature-Controlled Operation of 12V Fan from +5V Supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boost Converter Provides Temperature-Controlled Operation of 12V Fan from +5V Supply John Mc rated (12V supply) speed. Fan speed is controlled by sensing the ambient temperature in the system that the temperature control characteristic is unaffected by supply variations. The negative feedback loop

McNeill, John A.

142

Energy Efficient Single Stack Exhaust Fan Systems (E3S3F)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper first investigates the fan energy performance of a constant air volume exhaust system. Two single stack energy efficient exhaust fan systems (E3S3F) are presented. The E3S3F-I has the static pressure sensor located at the inlet...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Inlet swirl distortion effects on the generation and propagation of fan rotor shock noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A body-force-based fan model for the prediction of multiple-pure-tone noise generation is developed in this thesis. The model eliminates the need for a full-wheel, three-dimensional unsteady RANS simulation of the fan blade ...

Defoe, Jeff (Jeffrey James)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Fan-deltas and braid deltas: Varieties of coarse-grained deltas: Discussion and reply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...longitudinal profile analysis (Fig. 5, McPherson and others, 1987) to make the point that we were not considering only dry-type alluvial fans. Many other examples of wet-type fans exist in the literature (for example, Kochel and Johnson, 1984...

L. A. DUNNE; JOHN G. McPHERSON; GANAPATHY SHANMUGAM; RICHARD J. MOIOLA

145

Statistic inversion of multi-zone transition probability models for aquifer characterization in alluvial fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...

Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Four new species of deep water agglutinated foraminifera from the OligoceneMiocene of the Congo Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Four new species of deep water agglutinated foraminifera from the Oligocene­Miocene of the Congo-water agglutinated benthic foraminifera are described from the Oligocene and Miocene of the Congo Fan, offshore the distal section of the Congo Fan. INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is a terrigenous wedge largely built

Kaminski, Michael A.

147

Microsoft Word - Control_and_Fan_Improvements_in_CRAHs.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

07E 07E Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Henry Coles and Steve Greenberg, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Corinne Vita, Vigilent Environmental Energy Technologies Division November 2012 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

148

Fan-shape optimisation using CFD and genetic algorithms for increasing the efficiency of electric motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric motor efficiency represents the effectiveness with which the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. As the energy losses are converted into heat, which is dissipated by the motor frame aided by internal and external fans, a better cooling system adds up to better efficiency. In recent years, improvements in motor efficiency have been achieved but at higher costs. By using Genetic Algorithms (GAs), changes are introduced to the fan shape looking for a better aerodynamic performance. The evaluation of the achieved fan efficiency with the modified shapes is performed with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation software.

Noel Leon-Rovira; Eduardo Uresti; Waldo Arcos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Integrating VAV zone requirements with supply fan operation. [Variable Air Volume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of communicating direct digital controls (DDC) with distributed intelligence offers new opportunities for energy conservation while maintaining occupant comfort in commercial buildings. Integrating control within a single DDC panel improves performance. Integrating control by communications between multiple controllers can further enhance system operation. One example is a DDC static pressure reset strategy for supply fan operation in variable air volume (VAV) supply air distribution systems. This strategy integrates the requirements of the VAV terminal units serving the building zones to minimize fan energy use. This article describes terminal unit operation, supply fan control, concurrent polling, operational data and power savings.

Warren, M.L. (ASI Controls, San Ramon, CA (United States)); Norford, L.K. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Ionic Asymmetry and Solvent Excluded Volume Effects on Spherical Electric Double Layers: A Density Functional Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we present a classical density functional theory for electrical double layers of spherical macroions that extends the capabilities of conventional approaches by accounting for electrostatic ion correlations, size asymmetry and excluded volume effects. The approach is based on a recent approximation introduced by Hansen-Goos and Roth for the hard sphere excess free energy of inhomogeneous fluids (J. Chem. Phys. 124, 154506). It accounts for the proper and efficient description of the effects of ionic asymmetry and solvent excluded volume, especially at high ion concentrations and size asymmetry ratios including those observed in experimental studies. Additionally, we utilize a leading functional Taylor expansion approximation of the ion density profiles. In addition, we use the Mean Spherical Approximation for multi-component charged hard sphere fluids to account for the electrostatic ion correlation effects. These approximations are implemented in our theoretical formulation into a suitable decomposition of the excess free energy which plays a key role in capturing the complex interplay between charge correlations and excluded volume effects. We perform Monte Carlo simulations in various scenarios to validate the proposed approach, obtaining a good compromise between accuracy and computational cost. We use the proposed computational approach to study the effects of ion size, ion size asymmetry and solvent excluded volume on the ion profiles, integrated charge, mean electrostatic potential, and ionic coordination number around spherical macroions in various electrolyte mixtures. Our results show that both solvent hard sphere diameter and density play a dominant role in the distribution of ions around spherical macroions, mainly for experimental water molarity and size values where the counterion distribution is characterized by a tight binding to the macroion, similar to that predicted by the Stern model.

Medasani, Bharat; Ovanesyan, Zaven; Thomas, Dennis G.; Sushko, Maria L.; Marucho, Marcelo

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

151

Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404). Environmental guidance program reference book: Revision 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

Not Available

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

152

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fans Fans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 5.21311928139 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 18.5995610535 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 20.3514016294 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.08671679198 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 16.0166245259 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 10.358795651 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 8.3953561818 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 9.28527472527 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 12.8398873749 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 20.0966982674 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 6.90408963585 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 8.60719192175 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 16.7539365907 +

153

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CirculationFans CirculationFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Circulation fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.3422495258 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 2.80646609789 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.95823904901 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 5.55016340076 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 6.81308969891 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 2.02541916787 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.625641025641 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 7.59721281624 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.757191316527 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 6.04077487892 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.767224182906 +

154

Design and Operation of Fan-Coil Units in Using River Water as Chilled Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the case research for China's first central air conditioning system utilizing natural cool river water as chilled water, this paper analyzes the technical design-and-innovation process and operating characteristics of Fan-Coil Units (FCUs...

Jiang, A.; Chen, H.; Ma, W.; Zhu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

High-amplitude reflection packets (HARPs) of the Mississippi Fan, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sediment volumes. Mississippi Fan HARP deposition can be described by three depositional models: the "avulsion" model, the "fill and spill" model, and the "transition" model. The "avulsion" depositional model, developed by Flood et al. (1991), describes...

Francis, Jason Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metrics. Consider the power for cooling saved because of theadditional infrastructure cooling power based upon 0.464 kW/Associated Infrastructure Cooling Power) Due to Fan Upgrade

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Some dynamics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the marine shelf environment of the Mississippi Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOME DYNAMICS OF CARBON, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS IN THE MARINE SHELF ENVIRONMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI FAN A Thesis by DANIEL WAYNE ARMSTRONG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Chemical Oceanography SOME DYNAMICS OF CARBON NITROGEN, AND PHOSPHORUS IN THE MARINE SHELF ENVIRONMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI FAN A Thesis by DANIEL WAYNE ARMSTRONG Approved as to style...

Armstrong, Daniel Wayne

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Modeling of Electronically Commutated Motor Controlled Fan-powered Terminal Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feet Per Minute ECM Electronically Commutated Motor FPTU Fan Powered Terminal Unit Pdown Downstream Static Pressure PF Power Factor Pup Upstream Static Pressure SCR Silicon Controlled Rectifier THD Total Harmonic Distortion VAV Variable Air... parallel unit pressurizes the FPTU causing some of the primary air to leak out of the unit. Another difference between them is that series terminal units allow the primary air system to operate at a lower static pressure because the terminal unit fan...

Edmondson, Jacob Lee

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

159

Noise and vibration characteristics of cleanroom fan filter units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fan filter units (FFUs) are used increasingly by the microelectronics industry to provide recirculation air in cleanrooms. Such units usually consist of one or more direct?drive blowers located in a small discharge plenum and a HEPA or ULPA filter. There may be several hundred FFUs in a large cleanroom. The noise and vibration generated by FFUs differ greatly between manufacturers. Since it is difficult to apply external noise and vibration mitigation it is important to select an FFU model with appropriate noise and vibration levels so that a cleanroom served by these units will meet the prespecified noise and vibration criteria. Unfortunately FFU manufacturers usually do not provide enough information for predicting the FFU generated sound?pressure spectrum or vibration in a cleanroom. In this paper simple noise and vibration measurement methods will be described which can be used as a basis for specifying FFU performance without special testing facilities. Measured data will be presented for a number of units. Procedures will be demonstrated to predict the performance of a cleanroom which uses FFUs as the primary source of recirculation air.

Mei Q. Wu; Colin G. Gordon

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Description of Hot and Dense Hadron Gas Properties in a New Excluded-Volume model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new equation of state for a hot and dense hadron gas (HG) is obtained where the finite hard-core size of baryons has been incorporated in a thermodynamically consistent formulation of excluded volume correction. Our model differs from other existing approaches on the following points. We assign a hard-core volume only to each baryon and mesons though possess a small volume but they can fuse and interpenetrate into one another. Use of the full quantum statistics is made in obtaining the grand canonical partition function where excluded-volume correction has been incorporated by explicitly integrating over volume. We thus find that the new model works even for the cases of extreme temperatures and/or densities where most of other approaches fail. The model does not violate causality even at extreme densities. The temperature and density dependence of various thermodynamical quantities, e.g. pressure, baryon density, entropy and energy density compare well with the results of other microscopic HG models. After suitable parametrization of the centre-of-mass energy in terms of temperature and baryon chemical potential, we explore some new freeze-out criteria which exhibit full independence of the collision energy and of the structures of the colliding nuclei. We further demonstrate the suitability of our model in explaining various experimental results of the multiplicity-ratios of various particles and their antiparticles. Finally, we use our excluded-volume model to obtain the transport behaviour of the hot and/or dense HG such as shear viscosity to entropy ratio, speed of sound etc. and compare the results with earlier calculations.

S. K. Tiwari; P. K. Srivastava; C. P. Singh

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bifurcated Endograft (Excluder) in the Treatment of Isolated Iliac Artery Aneurysm: Preliminary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of endovascular repair in the treatment of isolated iliac artery aneurysm (IAA) using Excluder bifurcated endograft. Eight consecutive patients with IAA were treated during a period of 45 months using Excluder bifurcated endograft. Two patients presented with isolated IAA rupture and were treated emergently, whereas the other six patients underwent elective treatment. All aneurysms lacked sufficient proximal necks and therefore were not suitable for tubular-shaped endograft. Follow-up imaging was performed at 1 week, at every 3 months during the first year, semiannually until 2 years, and annually afterward using angio-computed axial tomography and plain films. Technical success was achieved in all patients. No mortality was seen despite two patients having IAA rupture. Follow-up (12 to 60 months) was done in all but one patient. During this period, complications were observed in three patients. One patient developed sexual impotence at 3-month follow up; one patient presented unilateral gluteal claudication after the procedure, which resolved at 3 months; and one patient developed a graft porosity-related endoleak, which was successfully managed with placement of an additional ipsilateral iliac extension. Endovascular treatment of isolated IAA using bifurcated endograft is safe and can be an alternative to surgical treatment. The benefits from decreased morbidity and mortality of endoluminal treatment of isolated IAA using bifurcated endograft outweigh the minor complications associated with this technique, which are mostly related to occlusion of hypogastric arteries.

Zander, Tobias, E-mail: tobiaszander@gmx.de; Baldi, Sebastian; Rabellino, Martin [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Endoluminal Vascular Department, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain); Kirsch, David [Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (United States); Llorens, Rafael; Zerolo, Ignacio [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Department of Cardiosurgery, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain); Qian, Zhong [Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (United States); Maynar, Manuel [Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University, Endoluminal Vascular Department, Rambla Hospiten Clinic Group (Spain)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

LETTER REPORT INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION OF THE HIGH FLUX BEAM REACTOR DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT FAN HOUSE, BUILDING 704 BNL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

5098-LR-01-0 -LETTER REPORT INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION OF THE HIGH FLUX BEAM REACTOR DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT FAN HOUSE, BUILDING 704 BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

P.C. Weaver

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

163

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has (more)

Kimla, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Infection with Strains of Citrus Tristeza Virus Does Not Exclude Superinfection by Other Strains of the Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distinct strains. However, this model does not explain how hybrid viruses containing...Graft-transmissible diseases of detritus: handbook for detection and diagnosis. FAO, Rome...Infection with strains of Citrus tristeza virus does not exclude superinfection by other strains...

Svetlana Y. Folimonova; Cecile J. Robertson; Turksen Shilts; Alexey S. Folimonov; Mark E. Hilf; Stephen M. Garnsey; William O. Dawson

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

165

Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan May 12, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL After a few late snowstorms here in Colorado, I am more than ready to turn off the heat and enjoy some warm spring weather. We haven't had any heat waves here yet, but many of you have already been trying to stay cool; our friends in Washington, D.C. were sweltering (by comparison) in 90+°F weather just a couple short weeks ago! Whether you're still anticipating snow or have broken out the sandals and tank tops, you may be starting to think about keeping your summer cooling costs down. One easy way to keep cool while saving money is using a ceiling fan. Did you know that a ceiling fan could allow you to raise the thermostat

166

Performance analysis of supply and return fans for HVAC systems under different operating strategies of economizer dampers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HVAC systems and associated equipment consume a relatively large fraction of total building energy consumption, a significant portion of which is attributed to fan operation. The operation of economizer dampers when installed can cause high energy consumption in fans if they are not functioning in proper and optimal manner. This will mainly be due to the potential high pressure drops through those dampers and associated high total pressures that should be developed by supply and/or return fans. It is then necessary to ensure that a proper strategy to operate optimally the economizer dampers is implemented with minimum fan energy use. The paper examines several operation strategies of the economizer dampers and investigates their effects on the performance of both the supply and return fans in HVAC system. It also discusses a new operating strategy for economizer dampers that can lead to lower fan energy use. The strategies are evaluated by simulations for a typically existing HVAC system. Several factors such as the building locations, system characteristics, resistance in the duct where the dampers are installed, supply air temperature and economizer control, and minimum ventilation requirements are also considered during the evaluations. The results show that the way of the economizer dampers been controlled has a significant effect on fan performance and its energy use. The proposed strategy if properly implemented can provide fan energy saving in the range of 530%, depending mainly on the number of hours when the system operates in the free cooling mode, damper characteristics, and minimum outdoor air.

Nabil Nassif

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Gas-dynamic characteristics of a noise and heat insulating jacket on a gas turbine in a gas pumping plant on emergency disconnection of the cooling fans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses the operation of a gas turbine plant (GTP) when the fans in ... NHJ by a fan. The operation of gas-pumping plant involves working with brief (10 ... describing the motion of an ideal thermally...

P. V. Trusov; D. A. Charntsev; I. R. Kats

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Impacts of Static Pressure Reset on VAV System Air Leakage, Fan Power and Thermal Energy - Part 2: Case Demonstration for a Typical Climate System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Part 1 of this paper, the theoretical models, integrating the fan airflow, fan head, air leakage factors, are developed to analyze the impacts of the static pressure reset on both pressure dependent and pressure independent terminal boxes...

Liu, M.; Zheng, K.; Wu, L.; Wang, Z.; Johnson, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

170

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prime Supplier Sales Volume Prime Supplier Sales Volume Definitions Key Terms Definition Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Finished Aviation Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gasoline Grades The classification of gasoline by octane ratings. Each type of gasoline (conventional and reformulated) is classified by three grades - regular, midgrade, and premium. Note: gasoline sales are reported by grade in accordance with their classification at the time of sale. In general, automotive octane requirements are lower at high altitudes. Therefore, in some areas of the United States, such as the Rocky Mountain States, the octane ratings for the gasoline grades may be 2 or more octane points lower.

171

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reserves Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included; Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and various metals; Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

172

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed Heat Content of Natural Gas Consumed Definitions Key Terms Definition British Thermal Unit (Btu) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1 degree Fahrenheit at the temperature at which water has its greatest density (approximately 39 degrees Fahrenheit). Delivered to Consumers (Heat Content) Heat content of residential, commercial, industrial, vehicle fuel and electric power deliveries to consumers. Electric Power (Heat Content) Heat content of natural gas used as fuel in the electric power sector. Heat Content The amount of heat energy available to be released by the transformation or use of a specified physical unit of an energy form (e.g., a ton of coal, a barrel of oil, a kilowatthour of electricity, a cubic foot of natural gas, or a pound of steam). The amount of heat energy is commonly expressed in British thermal units (Btu). Note: Heat content of combustible energy forms can be expressed in terms of either gross heat content (higher or upper heating value) or net heat content (lower heating value), depending upon whether or not the available heat energy includes or excludes the energy used to vaporize water (contained in the original energy form or created during the combustion process). The Energy Information Administration typically uses gross heat content values.

173

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Weekly Products Supplied U.S. Weekly Products Supplied Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation. Finished Motor Gasoline A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. Motor gasoline, as defined in ASTM Specification D 4814 or Federal Specification VV-G-1690C, is characterized as having a boiling range of 122 to 158 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10 percent recovery point to 365 to 374 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90 percent recovery point. Motor Gasoline includes conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline, but excludes aviation gasoline. Note: Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.

174

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Net Production Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Conventional Gasoline, Ed55 and Lower Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol. Conventional Gasoline, Greater than Ed55 Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%. Distillate Fuel Oil A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

175

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Spot Prices Spot Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Brent A blended crude stream produced in the North Sea region which serves as a reference or "marker" for pricing a number of other crude streams. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

176

I. Definition and Scope  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 - Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 I. Definition and Scope I.1. We invite comment however on whether this [Title XIII] is the best way to define the smart grid. What significant policy challenges are likely to remain unaddressed if we employ Title XIII's definition? If the definition is overly broad, what policy risks emerge as a result? * While Title XIII starts framing the necessary committee's and organizations needed to start outlining the Smart Grid discussion, it is lacking in the clear definition of the objectives that the Department of Energy (DOE) should be trying to convey to the public and industry. * Policy challenges will always continue to exist with a topic with the breadth and depth of Smart Grid. However, by steering the discussion towards what the objectives of Smart

177

CleanRooms Magazine, November 2006 Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard, Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-61750 CleanRooms Magazine, November 2006 Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard and provide particle filtration control for clean environments. Much of the energy in cleanrooms (and-filter units that are typically located in the ceiling (25-100% coverage) of cleanroom controlled environments

178

Quantitative characteristics of sinuous distributary channels on the Amazon Deep-Sea Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrodynamic parameters somewhat similar to those encountered in sub- aerial rivers (Damuth and others, 1983a, and unpub. data). Clearly...submarine fan channel/levee systems: Geo-Marine Letters. Fukushima, Y., Parker, G and Pantin, H. M., 1985, Prediction...

179

Challenges and Prospects of Nanopillar-Based Solar Cells Zhiyong Fan1,2,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

], and solar energy into electricity [20 33]. In this review article, we summarize the continuous progress own advantages and disadvantages. The device structures utilizing radial NPL junctions (i.e., coreChallenges and Prospects of Nanopillar-Based Solar Cells Zhiyong Fan1,2,3 , Daniel J. Ruebusch1

Javey, Ali

180

Laboratory Evaluation of Fan-filter Units' Aerodynamic and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory Evaluation of Fan-filter Units' Aerodynamic and Energy Performance Tengfang Xu, Lawrence The paper discusses the benefits of having a consistent testing method to characterize aerodynamic applications. Optimizing aerodynamic performance in air recirculation systems appears to be one of useful

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Performance characteristics of a low pressure cyclone for axial-flow fan exhausts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pneumatically convey lint fiber to the first-stage lint cleaner. typically, covered condenser drums with fine mesh screens are the abatement devices used on a)axial-flow fan exhausts. A new ID2D Low Pressure Cyclone (LPC) was developed that could be used...

Simpson, Shay Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

NATURAL HAZARDS ON ALLUVIAL FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURAL HAZARDS ON ALLUVIAL FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER In December Venezuela. Rainfall on December 2-3 totaled 200 millimeters (8 inches) and was followed by a major storm, Denver, Colorado, Naples, Italy, and Vargas, Venezuela. In time scales spanning thousands of years

Eaton, L. Scott

183

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan Chia-Hui Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan Chia-Hui Chang Department of Computer 320, R.O.C. tengkaifan@gmail.com chia@csie.ncu.edu.tw Abstract Web advertising (Online advertising), a form of advertising that uses the World Wide Webtoattractcustomers

Chang, Chia-Hui

184

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang Department of Computer@gmail.com, chia@csie.ncu.edu.tw Abstract. Web advertising (Online advertising), a form of advertising that uses. This paper addresses the mechanism of Content- Oriented advertising (Contextual advertising), which refers

Chang, Chia-Hui

185

QPIAD: Query Processing over Incomplete Autonomous Databases Hemal Khatri Jianchun Fan Yi Chen Subbarao Kambhampati  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QPIAD: Query Processing over Incomplete Autonomous Databases Hemal Khatri Jianchun Fan Yi Chen.khatri,jcf,yi,rao}@asu.edu Abstract Incompleteness due to missing attribute values (aka "null values") is very common in autonomous missing attributes, even if they wind up being rel- evant to a user query. Ideally we would like

Chen, Yi

186

Comparison of test particle acceleration in torsional spine and fan reconnection regimes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is a common phenomenon taking place in astrophysical and space plasmas, especially in solar flares which are rich sources of highly energetic particles. Torsional spine and fan reconnections are important mechanisms proposed for steady-state three-dimensional null-point reconnection. By using the magnetic and electric fields for these regimes, we numerically investigate the features of test particle acceleration in both regimes with input parameters for the solar corona. By comparison, torsional spine reconnection is found to be more efficient than torsional fan reconnection in an acceleration of a proton to a high kinetic energy. A proton can gain as high as 100?MeV of relativistic kinetic energy within only a few milliseconds. Moreover, in torsional spine reconnection, an accelerated particle can escape either along the spine axis or on the fan plane depending on its injection position. However, in torsional fan reconnection, the particle is only allowed to accelerate along the spine axis. In addition, in both regimes, the particle's trajectory and final kinetic energy depend on the injection position but adopting either spatially uniform or non-uniform localized plasma resistivity does not much influence the features of trajectory.

Hosseinpour, M., E-mail: hosseinpour@tabrizu.ac.ir; Mehdizade, M.; Mohammadi, M. A. [Plasma Physics Department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Power Aware Page Allocation Alvin R. Lebeck, Xiaobo Fan, Heng Zeng, Carla Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Aware Page Allocation Alvin R. Lebeck, Xiaobo Fan, Heng Zeng, Carla Ellis Department of Computer Science Duke University alvy@cs.duke.edu http://www.cs.duke.edu/~alvy Milly Watt #12;Power Aware Page Allocation 2© Alvin R. Lebeck, 2000 Power Aware System Design ?Traditional system design targets

Ellis, Carla

188

Effect on energy use and greenhouse microclimate through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ONOFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control greenhouse ventilation fans. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting greenhouse microclimate. The experiments were conducted in a commercial size greenhouse in which pepper was grown. To check the performance of the fan that was controlled by a VFD system, it was installed in a test facility and operated under several rotation speeds. At each speed of rotation, the static pressure on the fan was changed and parameters, such as electricity consumption and air flow rate, were measured. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the air flow rate through the greenhouse and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ONOFF operation by an amount that depends on the weather. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system over a period of one month, was about 0.64 of that with an ONOFF system. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 0700 and 1800 were nearly equal during that month. The results obtained in the greenhouse further show that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ONOFF to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse.

Meir Teitel; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Single Molecule Electrochemistry Fu-Ren F. Fan, Juhyoun Kwak, and Allen J. Bard*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single Molecule Electrochemistry Fu-Ren F. Fan, Juhyoun Kwak, and Allen J. Bard*, Contribution from here electrochemical studies at the level of single molecules and small numbers of molecules. The detection of single molecules, their characterization, and their chemical and physical manipulation have

Kwak, Juhyoun

190

Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Residential Furnaces Fans; Correction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On January 3, 2014 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a final rule in the Federal Register that established the test procedure for residential furnace fans. Due to drafting errors, that document inadvertently removed necessary incorporation by reference material in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). This final rule rectifies this error by once again adding the removed material.

191

L1 Adaptive Control of Hysteresis in Smart Materials Xiang Fan and Ralph C. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L1 Adaptive Control of Hysteresis in Smart Materials Xiang Fan and Ralph C. Smith Center 27695 ABSTRACT Smart materials display coupling between electrical, magnetic, thermal and elastic inherent to smart materials presents a challenge in control of these actuators/sensors. Inverse

192

Development of models for series and parallel fan variable air volume terminal units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the series and parallel units, with coefficients varying by size and manufacturer. Statistical modeling utilized SAS software (2002). Fan power and airflow data were collected at downstream static pressures over a range from 0.1 to 0.5 in. w.g. (25 to 125 Pa...

Furr, James C., Jr

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

193

Definition of Energy Efficiency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Efficiency: Definition Stairs) "Take the Stairs--Be More Energy Efficient" Person A interprets the sign as the "true" definition of energy efficiency. To Person A, the elevator is not being used. He is still getting to where he wants to go and using less energy in doing so. Person B considers the fact that she is not getting to where she is going with the same ease. She does not believe that she is being energy efficient, but instead she believes that she is "conserving energy" at a reduced level of service-she has to walk instead of ride. When it comes to trying to define "to be energy efficient" or "energy efficiency", there does not seem to be a single commonly-accepted definition of energy efficiency. Along the lines of Person B's thinking, it is generally thought that an increase in energy efficiency is when either energy inputs are reduced for a given level of service, or there are increased or enhanced services for a given amount of energy inputs.

194

Water treatment facilities (excluding wastewater facilities). (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction, costs, and operation of water treatment facilities. Facilities covered include those that provide drinking water, domestic water, and water for industrial use. Types of water treatment covered include reverse osmosis, chlorination, filtration, and ozonization. Waste water treatment facilities are excluded from this bibliography. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions Some funding agencies require the grantee institution the project costs. Cost sharing is defined as project costs not borne by the sponsor. Cost sharing funds may resources or facilities. If the award is federal, only acceptable non-federal costs qualify as cost sharing

Finley Jr., Russell L.

196

Interpreting Soap Operas and Creating Community: Inside a Computer-Mediated Fan Culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; except in moderated groups, there are no group participants with the power to exclude others. However, as Ronald Rice (1989) and Elizabeth Reid (1991) indicate, users are largely preselected by external social structures. Though precise figures...

Baym, Nancy K.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Definition und Klassifizierung von Energiespeichern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abb. 2.3 Definition von sektorenbergreifenden Energiespeichern am Beispiel von Power-to-Heat, flexibler Kraft-W...

Michael Sterner; Ingo Stadler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Category:ISGAN Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISGAN Definitions ISGAN Definitions Jump to: navigation, search ISGAN logo.png Looking for the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition Pages in category "ISGAN Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 238 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Definition:Adaptive Protection Definition:Adjacent Balancing Authority Definition:Advanced Interrupting Switch Definition:Advanced Metering Infrastructure (Ami) / Smart Meters Definition:Adverse Reliability Impact Definition:Altitude Correction Factor Definition:Ancillary Service Definition:Ancillary Services Revenue Definition:Anti-Aliasing Filter Definition:Area Control Error Definition:Arranged Interchange

199

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Mller and Robert Holte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Müller and Robert restarts and randomization for better quality search. Jasper is a satisficing planner that builds on LAMA

Müller, Martin

200

Finding the largest low-rank clusters with Ky Fan 2-k-norm and l1-norm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 24, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose a convex optimization formulation with the Ky Fan 2-k-norm and l1-norm to fi nd k largest approximately rank-one...

Xuan Vinh Doan

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending determination of coverage for commercial and industrial fans, blowers, and fume hoods.  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The meeting was requested by AMCA International to introduce the associations leadership, standards, and experience in developing fan standards to DOE; to learn more about the DOE process for...

202

2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fans;NOPR  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fans, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 19, 2014.

203

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has focused on the creation of reset strategies depending on specific system features...

Kimla, John

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

204

Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages | Princeton Plasma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe January 28, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Joshua E. G. Peek, a Hubble Fellow at Columbia University's Department of Astronomy and son of PPPL physicist and former director Robert Goldston, discusses "Outer Space!" (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) Joshua E. G. Peek, a Hubble Fellow at Columbia University's Department of Astronomy and son of PPPL physicist and former director Robert Goldston, discusses "Outer Space!" Gallery: High school senior Varuni Bewtra comes to the lectures to learn about possible careers in science. (Photo by Photo by Jeanne Jackson DeVoe/PPPL Office of Communications) High school senior Varuni Bewtra comes to the lectures to learn about

205

Economic Recovery of Oil Trapped at Fan Margins Using High Angle Wells and Multiple Hydraulic Fractures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The distal fan margin in the northeast portion of the Yowlumne field contains significant reserves but is not economical to develop using vertical wells. Numerous interbedded shales and deteriorating rock properties limit producibility. In addition, extreme depths (13,000 ft) present a challenging environment for hydraulic fracturing and artificial lift. Lastly, a mature waterflood increases risk because of the uncertainty with size and location of flood fronts. This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting the distal fan margin of this slope-basin clastic reservoir through the use of a high-angle well completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. The combination of a high-angle (or horizontal) well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. The equivalent production rate and reserves of three vertical wells are anticipated at one-half to two-thirds the cost.

Mike L. Laue

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

206

Continuous Commissioning of a Single Fan Dual Duct System in an Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continuous Commissioning of a Single Fan Dual Duct System in an Office Building D. Dong M. Liu, Ph.D., P.E Jinrong Wang, P.E Energy Systems Laboratory Energy Systems Laboratory... of AHU control sequences can significantly improve building comfort and reduce HVAC energy cost. REFERENCES 1. Liu, M., Y. Zhu, and D. E. Claridge, Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations...

Dong, D.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A study of the design procedure and the performance characteristics of axial exhaust fans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degxee of %%STER OF SCIENCE IN NECHM3EEL ENGINEERIMG August, 19/9 COBTEEITS Intoroduct'o9. on o e e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 Ia Derivation of Fan Lass ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 2 XI Description of Test Apparatus . . . . . ~. . . 7 XII... by s reversible electric motor operated by a reversing motor control switch, which is conveniently located near the Inclined manometer connected, to the pitot tube which measures the static pressure inside the plenum chamber. The followiug equipment composes...

Barker, Gilbert Hamilton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

208

Notes and Definitions  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

Notes and Definitions Notes and Definitions This report tracks U.S. natural gas inventories held in underground storage facilities. The weekly stocks generally are the volumes of working gas as of the report date. Changes in reported stock levels reflect all events affecting working gas in storage, including injections, withdrawals, and reclassifications between base and working gas. Totals may not match sum of components because of independent rounding. The complete documentation of EIA's estimation methodology is available in the report, Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates. Information about the method used to prepare weekly data to compute the 5-year averages, maxima, minima, and year-ago values for the weekly report can be found in Computing the 5-year Averages, Maxima, Minima, and Year-Ago

209

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

210

Definition of life  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Definition of life Definition of life Name: Chris E Lee Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Does anyone know what is currently the most accepted idea on the characteristics needed for any kind of life? Replies: I assume since no one has answered your question in nearly a month that no one has a sufficient answer for you, so I'll take a crack at it. As far as I know, most of the accepted criteria for determining whether something is "alive" can also, at least individually, be applied to non-living things -- it's kind of difficult to say. The main points I can think of at the moment are: MOTION -- does it seem to move under its own power? Does it move with some discernible purpose? (Toward food, away from heat, etc) REPRODUCTION -- does it have some way of making more of itself, either through sexual reproduction or by budding or fissioning in some way?

211

Building America Case Study: Evaluating Through-Wall Air Transfer Fans, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project, Building America team IBACOS performed field testing in a new construction unoccupied test house in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to evaluate heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) distribution systems during heating, cooling, and midseason conditions. Four air-based HVAC distribution systems were assessed:-a typical airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, a low airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, a system with transfer fans to the bedrooms, and a system with no ductwork to the bedrooms. The relative ability of each system was considered with respect to relevant Air Conditioning Contractors of America and ASHRAE standards for house temperature uniformity and stability, respectively.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for ceiling fan light kits, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on October 27, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

213

2014-06-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans; Final Rule  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for furnace fans, as issued by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on June 25, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

214

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

43 43 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

215

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

17 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

216

Measurable energy savings of installing variable frequency drives for cooling towers fans, compared to dual speed motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the building management system (BMS) controllers have been used to control the operation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in addition to lighting and some electrical equipment in order to save energy. In the water cooled system, the BMS controls the operation process of the cooling towers (CTs) fans of dual speed motors to maintain a constant leaving water temperature for different cooling loads and different ambient wet bulb temperature (WBT). This paper presents the effect of installing variable frequency drives (VFDs) for \\{CTs\\} fans in Kuwait during summer season on energy savings compared to dual speed control. The results have shown that with VFD mode, the reduction in water consumption was over 13% compared to the commonly used dual speed mode. More importantly, the combined power for the chillers and the \\{CTs\\} fans for the same amount of cooling produced were reduced by 5.8% in the VFD mode.

E. Al-Bassam; R. Alasseri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Definition: Ampere | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ampere Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ampere A unit of measure for electric current that refers to the amount of electric charge passing a point per unit of time; frequently abbreviated to "amp".[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The ampere, often shortened to amp, is the SI unit of electric current and is one of the seven SI base units. It is named after André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836), French mathematician and physicist, considered the father of electrodynamics. In practical terms, the ampere is a measure of the amount of electric charge passing a point in an electric circuit per unit time with 6.241 × 10 electrons, or one coulomb per second constituting one ampere. The practical definition may lead to

218

Definition: Curtailment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Curtailment Curtailment Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Curtailment A reduction in the scheduled capacity or energy delivery of an Interchange Transaction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Peak Curtailment Related Terms Interchange Transaction, energy, Interchange References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Curtailment&oldid=480471" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

219

Definition: Burden | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burden Burden Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Burden Operation of the Bulk Electric System that violates or is expected to violate a System Operating Limit or Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit in the Interconnection, or that violates any other NERC, Regional Reliability Organization, or local operating reliability standards or criteria.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Bulk Electric System, System, Interconnection, sustainability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Burden&oldid=493023" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

220

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Duplex-like structures in submarine fan channels, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Submarine fan channel sequences of the Jackfork Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian) at DeGray Dam section in the Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas, contain discrete units (10-75 cm thick) with moderately dipping (25/sup 0/-40/sup 0/), sigmoidal imbricate slices. Adjacent units with opposing imbricate slices are common. The sigmoidal structures are similar in geometry to a tectonic feature known as a duplex. A tectonic origin of sigmoidal structures, however, seems unlikely because opposing directions of imbrication in adjacent units would require an unrealistic tectonic movement history for the area. The authors propose that the Jackfork sigmoidal structures were formed by a process kinematically similar to that responsible for generating duplex structures. Unlike tectonic duplexes, however, the sigmoidal structures were formed by soft-sediment deformation of sand and mud layers as high-energy sediment gravity flows glided over these layers. Sediment gravity flows, responsible for forming the sigmoidal deformation, were probably generated by slumping of adjacent channel walls. Dip direction of sigmoidal slices is perpendicular to channel axes. Thus, recognition of sigmoidal deformation structures may be useful in inferring the trend of channels in ancient submarine fan complexes.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.; Sales, J.K.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

In situ measurement of noise of induced?draft fans in a power plant stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Induced?draft fans are commonly the most annoying sources of community noise associated with fossil?fuel power plants. The low frequency tones generated by the fans are usually radiated to the community from the top of a tall stack. Measurements of the tone levels in the community are hampered by environmental effects such as strong wind and thermal gradients. Measurements within the flue gas ducting are therefore desirable. However the flue gas environment is hostile to microphones due to elevated temperatures particulates and the presence of gas flow. The interpretation of in?duct data is complicated by the possible effects of standing waves and cross modes in the duct and turbulence generated noise. The recent installation of a dissipative?reactive muffler in a coal?fired plant offered the opportunity to (1) investigate techniques for measuring noise in stacks (2) evaluate the performance of the muffler under operating conditions and (3) check the in?stack results against limited farfield data. Good agreement was obtained between reductions in tone levels measured in the stack and in the community.

A. R. Thompson; M. A. Theobald; Alex Simich

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coalbed Methane Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery...

224

Toward Green Systems for Cleanrooms: Energy Efficient Fan-filter Units Ming-Shan Jeng, Industrial Technology Research Institute, msjeng@itri.org.tw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Green Systems for Cleanrooms: Energy Efficient Fan-filter Units Ming-Shan Jeng, Industrial results of laboratory-measured performance of fan-filter units (FFUs) used for cleanrooms. A total for many cleanroom applications. ) 2004 Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International Keywords

225

y 1000km of high resolution sleeve-gun array transects on the North Sza Fan, located at tbe mouth orwegian Channel, reveal three domina tyles of sedimentation within a thick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

y 1000km of high resolution sleeve-gun array transects on the North Sza Fan, located at tbe mouth the lution data across the fan other than conventional he seismic source was an arra nstruments 40 in3 sleeve-guns along the fan axis. These data were shot with the same sleeve-gun array but recorded digitally via a 144

226

Aerodynamic Thrust Modelling in Wave Tank Tests of Offshore Floating Wind Turbines Using a Ducted Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wave tank testing of scaled models is standard practice during the development of floating wind turbine platforms for the validation of the dynamics of conceptual designs. Reliable recreation of the dynamics of a full scale floating wind turbine by a scaled model in a basin requires the precise scaling of the masses and inertias and also the relevant forces and its frequencies acting on the system. The scaling of floating wind turbines based on the Froude number is customary for basin experiments. This method preserves the hydrodynamic similitude, but the resulting Reynolds number is much lower than in full scale. The aerodynamic loads on the rotor are therefore out of scale. Several approaches have been taken to deal with this issue, like using a tuned drag disk or redesigning the scaled rotor. This paper describes the implementation of an alternative method based on the use of a ducted fan located at the model tower top in the place of the rotor. The fan can introduce a variable force that represents the total wind thrust by the rotor. A system controls this force by varying the rpm, and a computer simulation of the full scale rotor provides the desired thrust to be introduced by the fan. This simulation considers the wind turbine control, gusts, turbulent wind, etc. The simulation is performed in synchronicity with the test and it is fed in real time by the displacements and velocities of the platform captured by the acquisition system. Thus, the simulation considers the displacements of the rotor within the wind field and the calculated thrust models the effect of the aerodynamic damping. The system is not able currently to match the effect of gyroscopic momentum. The method has been applied during a test campaign of a semisubmersible platform with full catenary mooring lines for a 6MW wind turbine in scale 1/40 at Ecole Centrale de Nantes. Several tests including pitch free decay under constant wind and combined wave and wind cases have been performed. Data from the experiments are compared with aero-servo-hydro-elastic computations with good agreement showing the validity of the method for the representation of the scaled aerodynamics. The new method for the aerodynamic thrust scaling in basin tests is very promising considering its performance, versatility and lower cost in comparison with other methods.

Jos Azcona; Faisal Bouchotrouch; Marta Gonzlez; Joseba Garcianda; Xabier Munduate; Felix Kelberlau; Tor A Nygaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Study of the Effects of Ambient Conditions Upon the Performance of Fan Powered, Infrared Natural Gas Burners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation was to characterize the operation of a fan-powered, infrared burner (IR burner) at various gas compositions and ambient conditions, develop numerical model to simulate the burner performances, and provide design guidelines for appliances containing PIR burners for satisfactory performance.

Clark Atlanta University

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Stimulated Emission from a Single Excited Atom in a Waveguide Eden Rephaeli1,* and Shanhui Fan2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stimulated Emission from a Single Excited Atom in a Waveguide Eden Rephaeli1,* and Shanhui Fan2, 1; published 3 April 2012) We study stimulated emission from an excited two-level atom coupled to a waveguide by the atom, plays a very important role in stimulated emission. Additionally, the temporal duration

Fan, Shanhui

229

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Furnace Fans to Reduce Carbon Pollution, Help Americans Save on Energy Bills  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WASHINGTON As part of President Obamas Climate Action Plan, the Energy Department today announced a new energy efficiency standard for furnace fans, the latest of eight finalized standards and nine proposed standards issued since the Climate Action Plan was announced last year.

230

Towards a syntactic signature for domain models: proposed descriptive metrics for visualizing the entity fan-out frequency distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to find a minimal set of measures that allow the immediate, intuitive characterisation and visualization of the syntactic structure of models covering a particular application domain. The measures are validated ... Keywords: case measures, enterprise models, entity fan-out distribution, metrics, model analysis, model complexity, modelling

Jean-Paul van Belle

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Machine (PMa-SynRM) Design and Performance Analysis for Fan and Pump Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................................................... 47 Fig 3-12: Reluctance torque generated by each rotor at rated current and maximum torque angle. ................................................................................... 48 xi Page Fig 3-13: FEA analysis field output on the PMa... PERMANENT MAGNET ASSISTED SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE MACHINE (PMA-SYNRM) DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR FAN AND PUMP APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by ROBERT VARTANIAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies...

Vartanian, Robert

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

232

Gas-surface scattering with multiple collisions in the physisorption potential well Guoqing Fan and J. R. Manson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas-surface scattering with multiple collisions in the physisorption potential well Guoqing Fan The problem of gas-surface collisions is developed in terms of a theoretical formalism that allows calcula gas distributions are considered, a monoenergetic incident beam and an equilibrium gas appropriate

Manson, Joseph R.

233

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu and Charles R. Dyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu issue of air pollution in China and elsewhere in the world is to monitor it. While more physical prediction performance of our approach. I. INTRODUCTION Air pollution is a significant issue in China

Dyer, Charles R.

234

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J. Brueck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J and negative over an overlapping near-infrared wavelength range resulting in a low loss negative. Brueck, "Demonstration of Near-Infrared Negative-Index Materials," Postdeadline Paper at OSA Topical

New Mexico, University of

235

Influence of Tip Clearance and Inlet Flow Distortion on Ducted Fan Performance in VTOL UAVs Graduate Research Assistant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Pa) CpTotal = Total pressure coefficient = Rotational speed (radian/sec) r = Radial distance measured military tasks, they can continuously transmit surveillance data and act as a relay station. Although to study the flow characteristics of ducted fans. Abrego and Bulaga [1] performed wind tunnel tests

Camci, Cengiz

236

Performance Optimization of a Fan System- Overcoming Impacts of Modified Design Criteria Due to Regulatory Requirements and Changed Operating Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that was applied to address fan inefficiency. Energy savings from optimizing the system are estimated to be 338 kW, nearly half of the original measured input power of 678 kW. The project is currently being implemented and will have a payback period of less than 8...

Wroblewski, R. G.; Preis, F.; Smith, R.

237

Definition: Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system or part of a system, generally expressed in kilowatts or megawatts, at a given instant or averaged over any designated interval of time., The rate at which energy is being used by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Demand&oldid=480555"

238

Definition: Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Broadly defined as the capacity to do work. There are many forms of energy, including: chemical, electrical, gravitational, mechanical, nuclear, radiant, and thermal energy. The official SI unit for energy is the joule (J); energy can also be measured in calories or British thermal units (Btu).[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, energy is a conserved extensive property of a physical system, which cannot be observed directly but can be calculated from its state. Energy is of central importance in physics. It is impossible to give a comprehensive definition of energy because of the many forms it may take, but the most common definition is that it is the capacity of a system to perform work. The definition of work in physics is the movement of a force

239

Definition: Sustainability | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Sustainability Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Sustainability An often broadly used term that refers to the study of future impacts of decisions made currently, and how we can best mitigate or eliminate negative impacts of activities today. Typically, sustainability is used to define choices made in energy and natural resource use. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Sustainability is the capacity to endure. In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. For humans, sustainability is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has ecological, economic,

240

Definition: Geothermometry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geothermometry Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geothermometry Chemical geothermometers are used to estimate reservoir temperatures for most of the systems. The geothermometers are based on temperature- dependent, water-rock reactions which control the chemical and isotopic composition of the thermal water. This method is applicable only to hot-water systems because the common chemical constituents of thermal water (SiO2, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, HCO3, and CO3) are soluble in liquid water but lack significant solubility in steam.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Geothermobarometry is the science of measuring the previous pressure and temperature history of a metamorphic or intrusive igneous rocks.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Definition: Microgrids | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microgrids Microgrids Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Microgrids A microgrid is an electrical system that includes multiple loads and distributed energy resources that can be operated in parallel with the broader utility grid or as an electrical island.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available, No reegle definition available., Distributed generation, also called on-site generation, dispersed generation, embedded generation, decentralized generation, decentralized energy or distributed energy, generates electricity from many small energy sources. Currently, industrial countries generate most of their electricity in large centralized facilities, such as fossil fuel nuclear or hydropower plants. These plants have excellent economies of scale, but usually

242

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

243

Laboratory evaluation of fan/filter units' aerodynamic and energy performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the benefits of having a consistent testing method to characterize aerodynamic and energy performance of FFUs. It presents evaluation methods of laboratory-measured performance of ten relatively new, 1220 mm x 610 mm (or 4 ft x 2 ft) fan-filter units (FFUs), and includes results of a set of relevant metrics such as energy performance indices (EPI) based upon the sample FFUs tested. This paper concludes that there are variations in FFUs' performance, and that using a consistent testing and evaluation method can generate compatible and comparable FFU performance information. The paper also suggests that benefits and opportunities exist for our method of testing FFU energy performance to be integrated in future recommended practices.

Xu, Tengfang; Jeng, Ming-Shan

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

An optical fan for light beams for high-precision optical measurements and optical switching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The polarization and orbital angular momentum properties of light are of great importance in optical science and technology in the fields of high precision optical measurements and high capacity and high speed optical communications. Here we show, a totally new method, based on a combination of these two properties and using the thermal dispersion and electro-optical effect of birefringent crystals, the construction of a simple and robust scheme to rotate a light beam like a fan. Using a computer-based digital image processing technique, we determine the temperature and the thermal dispersion difference of the crystal with high resolution. We also use the rotation phenomenon to realize thermo-optic and electro-optic switches. The basic operating principles for measurement and switching processes are presented in detail. The methods developed here will have wide practical applicability in various fields, including remote sensing, materials science and optical communication networks.

Zhou, Zhi-Yuan; Ding, Dong-Sheng; Jiang, Yun-Kun; Zhang, Wei; Shi, Shuai; Shi, Bao-Sen; Guo, Guang-Can

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

An optical fan for light beams for high-precision optical measurements and optical switching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The polarization and orbital angular momentum properties of light are of great importance in optical science and technology in the fields of high precision optical measurements and high capacity and high speed optical communications. Here we show, a totally new method, based on a combination of these two properties and using the thermal dispersion and electro-optical effect of birefringent crystals, the construction of a simple and robust scheme to rotate a light beam like a fan. Using a computer-based digital image processing technique, we determine the temperature and the thermal dispersion difference of the crystal with high resolution. We also use the rotation phenomenon to realize thermo-optic and electro-optic switches. The basic operating principles for measurement and switching processes are presented in detail. The methods developed here will have wide practical applicability in various fields, including remote sensing, materials science and optical communication networks.

Zhi-Yuan Zhou; Yan Li; Dong-Sheng Ding; Yun-Kun Jiang; Wei Zhang; Shuai Shi; Bao-Sen Shi; Guang-Can Guo

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

246

Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard, LaboratoryValidations, and its Applications across Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is now finalizing the Phase 2 Research and Demonstration Project on characterizing 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units in the market using the first-ever standard laboratory test method developed at LBNL.[1][2][3] Fan-filter units deliver re-circulated air and provide particle filtration control for clean environments. Much of the energy in cleanrooms (and minienvironments) is consumed by 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) or 4-foot x 4-foot (122-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units that are typically located in the ceiling (25-100% coverage) of cleanroom controlled environments. Thanks to funding support by the California Energy Commission's Industrial Program of the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, and significant participation from manufacturers and users of fan-filter units from around the world, LBNL has developed and performed a series of standard laboratory tests and reporting on a variety of 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units (FFUs). Standard laboratory testing reports have been completed and reported back to anonymous individual participants in this project. To date, such reports on standard testing of FFU performance have provided rigorous and useful data for suppliers and end users to better understand, and more importantly, to quantitatively characterize performance of FFU products under a variety of operating conditions.[1] In the course of the project, the standard laboratory method previously developed at LBNL has been under continuous evaluation and update.[2][3] Based upon the updated standard, it becomes feasible for users and suppliers to characterize and evaluate energy performance of FFUs in a consistent way.

Xu, Tengfang

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

247

Basin-floor fans in the North Sea: Sequence stratigraphic models vs. sedimentary facies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of nearly 12,000 feet (3658m) of conventional core from Paleogene and Cretaceous deep-water sandstone reservoirs cored in 50 wells in 10 different areas or fields in the North Sea and adjacent regions reveals that these reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows. Sedimentary features indicating slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts; slump folds; discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60{degrees}); glide planes; shear zones; brecciated clasts; clastic injections; floating mudstone clasts; planar clast fabric; inverse grading of clasts; and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-30%). This model predicts that basin-floor fans are predominantly composed of sand-rich turbidites with laterally extensive, sheetlike geometries. However, calibration of sedimentary facies in our long (400-700 feet) cores with seismic and wire-line-log signatures through several of these basin-floor fans (including the Gryphon-Forth, Frigg, and Faeroe areas) shows that these features are actually composed almost exclusively of mass-transport deposits consisting mainly of slumps and debris flows. Distinguishing deposits of mass-transport processes, such as debris flows, from those of turbidity currents has important implications for predicting reservoir geometry. Debris flows, which have plastic flow rheology, can form discontinuous, disconnected sand bodies that are harder to delineate and less economical to develop than deposits of fluidal turbidity currents, which potentially produce more laterally continuous, interconnected sand bodies. Process sedimentological interpretation of conventional core is commonly critical for determining the true origin and distribution of reservoir sands.

Shanmugam, G.; Bloch, R.B. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Mitchell, S.M. [Mobil Exploration and Producing US, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Beamish, G.W.J.; Shields, K.E. [Mobil North Sea Ltd., London (United Kingdom); Hodgkinson, R.J.; Straume, T.; Syvertsen, S.E. [Mobil Exploration Norway, Inc., Stavanger (Norway); Damuth, J.E. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Energy saving in agricultural buildings through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ONOFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control ventilation fans of greenhouses and poultry houses. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting microclimate within the houses. The experiments were carried out in a commercial-size greenhouse in which pepper was grown and in commercial poultry houses. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the airflow rate through the houses and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ONOFF operation. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system was about 0.64 and 0.75 of that with an ONOFF system in the greenhouse and poultry houses, respectively. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 07:00 and 18:00 were nearly equal. The results obtained in the greenhouse further showed that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ONOFF, to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse. The average air temperatures over day and night, in the poultry houses, with each control system were nearly equal. The relative humidity, however, was slightly lower with VFD than with ONOFF. Reductions in the range of amplitude variations of the air temperature and humidity were also observed in the poultry houses.

Meir Teitel; Asher Levi; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Direct constraints on diffusion models from cosmic-ray positron data: Excluding the minimal model for dark matter searches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Galactic cosmic-ray (CR) transport parameters are usually constrained by the boron-to-carbon ratio. This procedure is generically plagued with degeneracies between the diffusion coefficient and the vertical extent of the Galactic magnetic halo. The latter is of paramount importance for indirect dark matter (DM) searches because it fixes the amount of DM annihilation or decay that contributes to the local antimatter CR flux. These degeneracies could be broken by using secondary radioactive species, but the current data still have large error bars, and this method is extremely sensitive to the very local interstellar medium properties. Here, we propose to use the low-energy CR positrons in the GeV range as another direct constraint on diffusion models. We show that the PAMELA data disfavor small diffusion halo (L?3??kpc) and large diffusion slope models and exclude the minimal configuration [Maurin etal. Astrophys. J. 555, 585 (2001); Donato etal. Phys. Rev. D 69, 063501 (2004)] widely used in the literature to bracket the uncertainties in the DM signal predictions. This is complementary to indirect constraints (diffuse radio and gamma-ray emissions) and has a strong impact on DM searches. Indeed, this makes the antiproton constraints more robust while enhancing the discovery/exclusion potential of current and future experiments, like AMS-02 and GAPS, especially in the antiproton and antideuteron channels.

Julien Lavalle; David Maurin; Antje Putze

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Dynamics of pulled desorption with effects of excluded volume interaction: The p-Laplacian diffusion equation and its exact solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the dynamics of desorption of a polymer molecule which is pulled at one of its ends with force $f$, trying to desorb it. We assume a monomer to desorb when the pulling force on it exceeds a critical value $f_{c}$. We formulate an equation for the average position of the $n^{th}$ monomer, which takes into account excluded volume interaction through the blob-picture of a polymer under external constraints. The approach leads to a diffusion equation with a $p$-Laplacian for the propagation of the stretching along the chain. This has to be solved subject to a moving boundary condition. Interestingly, within this approach, the problem can be solved exactly in the trumpet, stem-flower and stem regimes. In the trumpet regime, we get $\\tau=\\tau_{0}n_d^{2}$ where $n_d$ is the number of monomers that have desorbed at the time $\\tau$. $\\tau_{0}$ is known only numerically, but for $f$ close to $f_{c}$, it is found to be $\\tau_{0}\\sim f_c/(f^{2/3}-f_{c}^{2/3})$. If one used simple Rouse dynamics, this result changes to {\

K. L. Sebastian; V. G. Rostiashvili; T. A. Vilgis

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Direct constraints on diffusion models from cosmic-ray positron data: Excluding the Minimal model for dark matter searches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galactic Cosmic-ray (CR) transport parameters are usually constrained by the boron-to-carbon ratio. This procedure is generically plagued with degeneracies between the diffusion coefficient and the vertical extent of the Galactic magnetic halo. The latter is of paramount importance for indirect dark matter (DM) searches, because it fixes the amount of DM annihilation or decay that contributes to the local antimatter CR flux. These degeneracies could be broken by using secondary radioactive species, but the current data still have large error bars, and this method is extremely sensitive to the very local interstellar medium (ISM) properties. Here, we propose to use the low-energy CR positrons in the GeV range as another direct constraint on diffusion models. We show that the PAMELA data disfavor small diffusion halo ($L\\lesssim 3$ kpc) and large diffusion slope models, and exclude the minimal ({\\em min}) configuration (Maurin et al. 2001, Donato et al. 2004) widely used in the literature to bracket the uncertainties in the DM signal predictions. This is complementary to indirect constraints (diffuse radio and gamma-ray emissions) and has strong impact on DM searches. Indeed this makes the antiproton constraints more robust while enhancing the discovery/exclusion potential of current and future experiments, like AMS-02 and GAPS, especially in the antiproton and antideuteron channels.

Julien Lavalle; David Maurin; Antje Putze

2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

253

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

256

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

257

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

258

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition to Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 is defined as a blend of ethanol and gasoline that contains no more than 85% ethanol and is produced for use in alternative fuel vehicles. E85 must comply with ASTM specification D5798-11. (Reference House File 634,

259

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E85 Definition to E85 Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 motor fuel is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbon, of which the ethanol portion is 75-85% denatured fuel ethanol by volume and complies with the most current ASTM specification

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition Alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Definition: Biopower | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biopower Biopower Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biopower The use of biomass to produce electric power or heat. Biopower system technologies include direct-firing, cofiring, gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Biomass power Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Biofuels, biomass, electricity generation, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biopower.html ↑ http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/glossary.shtml ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/electricity/index.cfm/mytopic=10450 Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Biopower&oldid=493044" Category: Definitions What links here

262

Definition: Electrode | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrode Electrode Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrode A conductor through which electrons enter or leave an electrolyte. Batteries and fuel cells have a negative electrode (the anode) and a positive electrode (the cathode).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Battery, Fuel cell, Electrolyteelectricity generation, fuel cell, electrolyte, electricity generation References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/glossary.html#e Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Electrode&oldid=493048" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers

263

Definition: Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformer Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transformer An electromagnetic device that changes the voltage of alternating current electricity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition A transformer consists of a primary- and secondary coil, coupled by a magnetic field. The primary coil induces the voltage in the secondary coil. The voltage transformation depends on the number of windings. Related Terms Electricity, Transmission, Electric grid, transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, alternating current References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#T Retrieved LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transformer&oldid=502565

264

Definition: Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Turbine A device or machine that converts the kinetic energy of a fluid (air, water, steam or other gases) to mechanical energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electric generator, Electricity, Electricity generation, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=T ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html Retriev LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ed from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Turbine&oldid=493149" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

265

Definition: Magnetotellurics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics (MT) is a natural-source (i.e., passive), electromagnetic method that measures the ratio of earth's naturally varying electric and magnetic fields over a wide range of frequencies to determine the resistivity structure of the subsurface (Reynolds, 1997). View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms sustainability Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Magnetotellurics&oldid=502655" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

266

Definition: Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dictionary.png Dictionary.png Biofuels Biomass converted to liquid or gaseous fuels such as ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and methane; primarily used for transportation. A form of bioenergy.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Liquid fuels and blending components produced from biomass (plant) feedstocks, used primarily for transportation., Bio fuels are liquid fuels that are produced of plant material or herbal remains., No reegle definition available Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Ethanol, Biodiesel, energy, fossil fuels, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/biofuels/index.html?scp=1&sq=biomass&st=Search ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/25876.pdf

267

Definition: Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Power The rate of producing, transferring, or using energy; the amount of energy or work expended in a given amount of time. Power is usually measured in watts.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, power is defined as the amount of energy consumed per unit time. In the MKS system, the unit of power is the joule per second (J/s), known as the watt (in honour of James Watt, the eighteenth-century developer of the steam engine). For example, the rate at which a light bulb

268

2014-09-16 Issuance: Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document.

269

Impacts of Static Pressure Reset on VAV System Air Leakage, Fan Power and Thermal Energy - Part I: Theoretical Model and Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As for a variable air volume (VAV) system, the air duct static pressure is a typical control variable maintained by modulating supply fan speed. The static pressure equals to the summation of the duct pressure loss downstream of the sensor...

Liu, M.; Feng, J.; Wang, Z.; Wu, L.; Zheng, K.; Pang, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A prototype fan-beam optical CT scanner for 3D dosimetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The objective of this work is to introduce a prototype fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional (3D) radiation dosimetry. Methods: Two techniques of fan-beam creation were evaluated: a helium-neon laser (HeNe, {lambda} = 543 nm) with line-generating lens, and a laser diode module (LDM, {lambda} = 635 nm) with line-creating head module. Two physical collimator designs were assessed: a single-slot collimator and a multihole collimator. Optimal collimator depth was determined by observing the signal of a single photodiode with varying collimator depths. A method of extending the dynamic range of the system is presented. Two sample types were used for evaluations: nondosimetric absorbent solutions and irradiated polymer gel dosimeters, each housed in 1 liter cylindrical plastic flasks. Imaging protocol investigations were performed to address ring artefacts and image noise. Two image artefact removal techniques were performed in sinogram space. Collimator efficacy was evaluated by imaging highly opaque samples of scatter-based and absorption-based solutions. A noise-based flask registration technique was developed. Two protocols for gel manufacture were examined. Results: The LDM proved advantageous over the HeNe laser due to its reduced noise. Also, the LDM uses a wavelength more suitable for the PRESAGE{sup TM} dosimeter. Collimator depth of 1.5 cm was found to be an optimal balance between scatter rejection, signal strength, and manufacture ease. The multihole collimator is capable of maintaining accurate scatter-rejection to high levels of opacity with scatter-based solutions (T < 0.015%). Imaging protocol investigations support the need for preirradiation and postirradiation scanning to reduce reflection-based ring artefacts and to accommodate flask imperfections and gel inhomogeneities. Artefact removal techniques in sinogram space eliminate streaking artefacts and reduce ring artefacts of up to {approx}40% in magnitude. The flask registration technique was shown to achieve submillimetre and subdegree placement accuracy. Dosimetry protocol investigations emphasize the need to allow gel dosimeters to cool gradually and to be scanned while at room temperature. Preliminary tests show that considerable noise reduction can be achieved with sinogram filtering and by binning image pixels into more clinically relevant grid sizes. Conclusions: This paper describes a new optical CT scanner for 3D radiation dosimetry. Tests demonstrate that it is capable of imaging both absorption-based and scatter-based samples of high opacities. Imaging protocol and gel dosimeter manufacture techniques have been adapted to produce optimal reconstruction results. These optimal results will require suitable filtering and binning techniques for noise reduction purposes.

Campbell, Warren G.; Rudko, D. A.; Braam, Nicolas A.; Jirasek, Andrew [University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2 (Canada); Wells, Derek M. [British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, Victoria, British Columbia V8R 6V5 (Canada)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Field testing of component-level model-based fault detection methods for mixing boxes and VAV fan systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An automated fault detection and diagnosis tool for HVAC systems is being developed, based on an integrated, life-cycle, approach to commissioning and performance monitoring. The tool uses component-level HVAC equipment models implemented in the SPARK equation-based simulation environment. The models are configured using design information and component manufacturers' data and then fine-tuned to match the actual performance of the equipment by using data measured during functional tests of the sort using in commissioning. This paper presents the results of field tests of mixing box and VAV fan system models in an experimental facility and a commercial office building. The models were found to be capable of representing the performance of correctly operating mixing box and VAV fan systems and detecting several types of incorrect operation.

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

272

Field demonstration of optimized variable speed compressor and condenser fan control for commercial refrigeration systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The demonstration project discussed in this report consisted of two separate programs intended to examine methods of implementing variable-frequency drives (VFDs) to increase the efficiency of supermarket refrigeration racks. The first program examined the optimum control strategy for minimizing the power consumption of medium-temperature parallel compressor racks driven by VFDs. The second program, aimed at developing the optimum control strategy for variable-speed control of supermarket condenser fans.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition An entity that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge battery electric

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition A corporation or individual that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Blend Blend Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Definition An ethanol blend is defined as a blended motor fuel containing ethyl alcohol that is at least 99% pure, derived from agricultural products, and

277

Category:Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Definitions Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form Define. Dictionary.png Looking for the Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the Glossary. Add.png Add a Definition Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. S [+] Smart Grid Definitions‎ (1 categories) 10 pages Pages in category "Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 607 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 Definition:2-M Probe Survey A Definition:Acoustic Logs Definition:Acoustic Televiewer Definition:Active Seismic Techniques

278

Geological overview of the Angola-Congo Margin, the Congo deep-sea fan and its submarine valleys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Congo deep-sea fan is one of the largest fans in the world still affected by presently active turbidity currents. The present activity of deep-sea sedimentary processes is linked to the existence of a direct connection between the Congo River estuary and the Congo canyon head that allows relatively continuous sediment feeding of the deep-sea environment, in spite of a wide continental shelf (150 km). Because of this important activity in terms of sedimentary processes, the deep-sea environment of the Congo-Angola margin presents major interests concerning physical, chemical and biological studies near the sea floor. The main aim of this paper is to present the initial geological context of the BioZaire Program, showing a synthesis of the major results of the ZaAngo Project including (1) the brief geological setting of the Congo-Angola margin, (2) the structure of the modern Congo deep-sea fan, (3) the sedimentary architecture of the recent Congo turbidite system (from the canyon to the distal lobes), and (4) the recent and present turbidite sedimentation. In order to provide useful information and advice relevant to biological and geochemical studies across the Congo sedimentary system, this article focuses on the present sedimentary processes and the present activity of turbidity current along the Congo canyon and channel.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF OIL TRAPPED AT FAN MARGINS USING HIGH ANGLE WELLS AND MULTIPLE HYDRAULIC FRACTURES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting thin-layered, low-energy deposits at the distal margin of a prograding turbidite complex through the use of hydraulically fractured horizontal or high-angle wells. The combination of a horizontal or high-angle well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. A high-angle well will be drilled in the fan-margin portion of a slope-basin clastic reservoir and will be completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. Geologic modeling, reservoir characterization, and fine-grid reservoir simulation will be used to select the well location and orientation. Design parameters for the hydraulic-fracture treatments will be determined, in part, by fracturing an existing test well. Fracture azimuth will be predicted by passive seismic monitoring of a fracture-stimulation treatment in the test well using logging tools in an offset well.

Mike L. Laue

1998-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Characterization of dynamic change of Fan-delta reservoir properties in water-drive development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fan-delta reservoir in Huzhuangji oil field of east China, is a typical highly heterogeneous reservoir. The oil field has been developed by water-drive for 10 years, but the oil recovery is less than 12%, and water cut is over 90%, resulting from high heterogeneity and serious dynamic change of reservoir properties. This paper aims at the study of dynamic change of reservoir properties in water-drive development. Through quantitative imaging analysis and mercury injection analysis of cores from inspection wells, the dynamic change of reservoir pore structure in water-drive development was studied. The results show that the {open_quotes}large pore channels{close_quotes} develop in distributary channel sandstone and become larger in water-drive development, resulting in more serious pore heterogeneity. Through reservoir sensitivity experiments, the rock-fluid reaction in water-drive development is studied. The results show the permeability of some distal bar sandstone and deserted channel sandstone becomes lower due to swelling of I/S clay minerals in pore throats. OD the other hand, the permeability of distributary channel and mouth bar sandstone become larger because the authigenic Koalinites in pore throats are flushed away with the increase of flow rate of injection water. Well-logging analysis of flooded reservoirs are used to study the dynamic change of reservoir properties in various flow units. The distribution of remaining oil is closely related to the types and distribution of flow units.

Wu Shenghe; Xiong Qihua; Liu Yuhong [Univ. of Petroleum Changping, Beijing (China)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Toward green systems for cleanrooms: Energy efficient fan-filter units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents results of laboratory-measured performance of fan-filter units (FFUs) used for cleanrooms. A total of twenty FFUs collected from the market were tested, including thirteen 1220 mm x 610 mm (or 4 ft x 2 ft) units and seven 1220 mm x 1220 mm (or 4 ft x 4 ft) units. The paper concludes that there are wide variations in FFUs energy performance, and that there are opportunities in improving energy efficiency and lowering operating costs of FFUs. Furthermore, the paper suggests the benefits of having a uniform method for testing and reporting FFU performance. Such a testing method and recommended practice guideline is under development, with heavy input from FFU suppliers, users, and independent institutions that include Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), and Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST). An integrated approach with the participation from designers, suppliers, users, and utility companies can help to identify energy-efficient FFUs that are required for many cleanroom applications.

Jeng, Ming-Shan; Xu, Tengfang; Lan, Chao-Ho

2004-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

(Data in thousand metric tons of silicon content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Estimated value of silicon alloys and metal (excluding semiconductor-and solar-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production and Use: Estimated value of silicon alloys and metal (excluding semiconductor- and solar- grade and aluminum alloys and the chemical industry. The semiconductor and solar industries, which manufacture chips%; Venezuela, 15%; Canada, 8%; and other, 8%. Silicon metal: Brazil, 38%; South Africa, 24%; Canada, 16

283

A study in animation and visualization: consolidation of the Mississippi Fan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guidelines II. D Definition of a Conceptual Model II. E Present Status 10 III THE SIMULATION MODEL III. A Structure and Location TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) CHAPTER Page III. B Relevance to Geotechnical Engineering III. C Data Obtained... simulation run. 5. Weeks to months are spent in the analysis of the simulation run results. 6. Weeks to months are spent to prepare a presentation of results for assessment by one' s peers and for communication of research results to a more general...

Parmley, Kelly Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

284

Definition: Macrophotography | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macrophotography Macrophotography Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Macrophotography Close up photography of small items, producing larger than life size images of the subject. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), invented by Fritz Goro, is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs). By some definitions, a macro photograph is one in which the size of the subject on the negative or image sensor is life size or greater. However in other uses it refers to a finished photograph of a subject at greater than life size. The ratio of

285

Definition: Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cogeneration Cogeneration Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cogeneration The production of electric energy and another form of useful thermal energy through the sequential use of energy [as defined under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA)].[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Cogeneration power plants produce electricity but do not waste the heat this process creates. The heat is used for district heating or other purposes, and thus the overall efficiency is improved. For example could the efficiency to produce electricity be just 20%, and the overall efficiency after heat extraction could reach be 85% for a cogeneration plant. It has to be considered that there is not always use for heat., Bioenergy cogeneration describes all technologies where heat as well as

286

Definition: Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel A renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of vegetable oils or animal fats. May be used either as a replacement for or as a component of diesel fuel. Additional technical definition: ASTM D6751 - 11b.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g. , vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon

287

Definition: Battery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battery Battery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Battery An energy storage device comprised of two or more electrochemical cells enclosed in a container and electrically interconnected in an appropriate series/parallel arrangement to provide the required operating voltage and current levels. Under common usage, the term battery also applies to a single cell if it constitutes the entire electrochemical storage system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Electrochemical cell Related Terms Fuel cell, energy, operating voltage, smart grid References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#B Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Battery&oldid=502543

288

Definition: Contingency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contingency Contingency Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Contingency The unexpected failure or outage of a system component, such as a generator, transmission line, circuit breaker, switch or other electrical element. Contingency Reserve The provision of capacity deployed by the Balancing Authority to meet the Disturbance Control Standard (DCS) and other NERC and Regional Reliability Organization contingency requirements.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, contingency Reserve, transmission line, disturbance control standard, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inlin LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. e Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Contingency&oldid=50257

289

ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF OIL TRAPPED AT FAN MARGINS USING HIGH ANGLE WELLS AND MULTIPLE HYDRAULIC FRACTURES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting thin-layered, low-energy deposits at the distal margin of a prograding turbidite complex through the use of hydraulically fractured horizontal or high-angle wells. The combination of a horizontal or high-angle well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. A high-angle well will be drilled in the fan-margin portion of a slope-basin clastic reservoir and will be completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. Geologic modeling, reservoir characterization, and fine-grid reservoir simulation will be used to select the well location and orientation. Design parameters for the hydraulic-fracture treatments will be determined, in part, by fracturing an existing test well. Fracture azimuth will be predicted by passive seismic monitoring of a fracture-stimulation treatment in the test well using logging tools in an offset well. The long radius, near horizontal well was drilled during the first quarter of 1996. Well conditions resulted in the 7 in. production liner sticking approximately 900 ft off bottom. Therefore, a 5 in. production liner was necessary to case this portion of the target formation. Swept-out sand intervals and a poor cement bond behind the 5 in. liner precluded two of the three originally planned hydraulic fracture treatments. As a result, all pay intervals behind the 5 in. liner were perforated and stimulated with a non-acid reactive fluid. Following a short production period, the remaining pay intervals in the well (behind the 7 in. liner) were perforated. The well was returned to production to observe production trends and pressure behavior and assess the need to stimulate the new perforations.

Mike L. Laue

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Uranium-series comminution ages of continental sediments: Case study of a Pleistocene alluvial fan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining quantitative information about the timescales associated with sediment transport, storage, and deposition in continental settings is important but challenging. The uranium-series comminution age method potentially provides a universal approach for direct dating of Quaternary detrital sediments, and can also provide estimates of the sediment transport and storage timescales. (The word"comminution" means"to reduce to powder," reflecting the start of the comminution age clock as reduction of lithic parent material below a critical grain size threshold of ~;;50 mu m.) To test the comminution age method as a means to date continental sediments, we applied the method to drill-core samples of the glacially-derived Kings River Fan alluvial deposits in central California. Sediments from the 45 m core have independently-estimated depositional ages of up to ~;;800 ka, based on paleomagnetism and correlations to nearby dated sediments. We characterized sequentially-leached core samples (both bulk sediment and grain size separates) for U, Nd, and Sr isotopes, grain size, surface texture, and mineralogy. In accordance with the comminution age model, where 234U is partially lost from small sediment grains due to alpha recoil, we found that (234U/238U) activity ratios generally decrease with age, depth, and specific surface area, with depletions of up to 9percent relative to radioactive equilibrium. The resulting calculated comminution ages are reasonable, although they do not exactly match age estimates from previous studies and also depend on assumptions about 234U loss rates. The results indicate that the method may be a significant addition to the sparse set of available tools for dating detrital continental sediments, following further refinement. Improving the accuracy of the method requires more advanced models or measurements for both the recoil loss factor fa and weathering effects. We discuss several independent methods for obtaining fa on individual samples that may be useful for future studies.

Lee, Victoria E.; DePaolo, Donald J.; Christensen, John N.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

291

Issuance 2014-11-21:Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document, Notice of Comment Period Extension  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document, Notice of Comment Period Extension

292

Definition: Gross generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Gross generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Gross generation The total amount of electric energy produced by generating units (e.g. power plants) and measured at the generating terminal in kilowatt-hours (kWh) or megawatt-hours (MWh).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electricity generation, Net generation, power References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=G#gross_gen Retri Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Gross_generation&oldid=480543" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

293

Definition: Frequency Response | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Frequency Response Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency Response (Equipment) The ability of a system or elements of the system to react or respond to a change in system frequency. (System) The sum of the change in demand, plus the change in generation, divided by the change in frequency, expressed in megawatts per 0.1 Hertz (MW/0.1 Hz).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms system, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency_Response&oldid=502580"

294

Definitions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act. The utility pays the QF an amount based on the costs for power the utility avoids by purchasing power from the QF. avoided costs See costs...

295

Definition: Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Photovoltaics Pertaining to the direct conversion of light into electricity[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect. Photovoltaic power generation employs solar panels composed of a number of solar cells containing a photovoltaic material. Materials presently used for photovoltaics include monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, and copper indium gallium selenide/sulfide. Due to the increased demand for renewable energy sources, the manufacturing of solar cells and photovoltaic arrays has advanced

296

Definition: Combustion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Combustion Combustion Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Combustion The process of burning; chemical oxidation accompanied by the generation of light and heat.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition "Burning" redirects here. For combustion without external ignition, see spontaneous combustion. For the vehicle engine, see internal combustion engine. For other uses, see Burning (disambiguation) and Combustion (disambiguation). Error creating thumbnail: Unable to create destination directory This article's introduction section may not adequately summarize its contents. To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, please consider modifying the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points in such a way that it can stand on its own as a

297

Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite Dark Matter and a Definite Non-Definite April 17, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment is a particle detector which was lofted to the International Space Station onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour about two years ago. | Image courtesy of NASA. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment is a particle detector which was lofted to the International Space Station onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour about two years ago. | Image courtesy of NASA. Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science LEARN MORE Several national labs are involved with the search for dark matter including Berkeley Lab, Fermilab and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. When is a definite non-definite worth noting? Perhaps when there's

298

Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Ground electromagnetic techniques measure electromagnetic fields in order to determine subsurface electrical resistivity with the earth surface as the observation point.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental interactions in nature, the other three being the strong interaction, the weak interaction, and gravitation. This force is described by electromagnetic fields, and has innumerable physical instances including the interaction of electrically charged particles and the interaction of uncharged magnetic force fields with electrical conductors. The word

299

Definition and Policy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Definition and Policy Definition and Policy Definition and Policy Definition Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people-regardless of race, ethnicity, income, or education level-in environmental decision making. Environmental justice programs promote the protection of human health and the environment, empowerment via public participation, and the dissemination of relevant information to inform and educate affected communities. DOE environmental justice programs are designed to build and sustain community capacity for meaningful participation for all stakeholders in DOE host communities. DOE provides leadership in addressing disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects of programs, policies, and activities on minority and low-income communities.

300

Definition: Magnetotelluric Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Magnetotelluric Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetotelluric Techniques Magnetotellurics is an electromagnetic geophysical method used to image the electrical resistivity structure of the subsurface through the measurement of electrical and magnetic fields at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Magnetotellurics (MT) is an electromagnetic geophysical method of imaging the earth's subsurface by measuring natural variations of electrical and magnetic fields at the Earth's surface. Investigation depth ranges from 300m below ground by recording higher frequencies down to 10,000m or deeper with long-period soundings. Developed in Russia and

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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301

Definition: Overlap Regulation Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overlap Regulation Service Overlap Regulation Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Overlap Regulation Service A method of providing regulation service in which the Balancing Authority providing the regulation service incorporates another Balancing Authority's actual interchange, frequency response, and schedules into providing Balancing Authority's AGC/ACE equation.[1] Related Terms regulation service, frequency response, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Overlap_Regulation_Service&oldid=502490" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

302

Definition: Geophysical Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geophysical Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geophysical Techniques Geophysics is the study of the structure and composition of the earth's interior.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Exploration geophysics is the applied branch of geophysics which uses surface methods to measure the physical properties of the subsurface Earth, along with the anomalies in these properties, in order to detect or infer the presence and position of ore minerals, hydrocarbons, geothermal reservoirs, groundwater reservoirs, and other geological structures. Exploration geophysics is the practical application of physical methods (such as seismic, gravitational, magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic)

303

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jordan Canonical Form Recall the following definition: Definition 1. We say that two square is an example of a matrix in Jordan Canonical Form. Here we note that , , and but #12;. Hence, three of the four the notion of a Jordan matrix via two sets of examples. Example 1. The following are Jordan matrices: #12

Lee, Carl

304

Fusion Simulation Program Definition. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have completed our contributions to the Fusion Simulation Program Definition Project. Our contributions were in the overall planning with concentration in the definition of the area of Software Integration and Support. We contributed to the planning of multiple meetings, and we contributed to multiple planning documents.

Cary, John R.

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

305

General Chemistry Introduction: Definitions and Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements SI Fundamental Units of Measurement Physical Quantity (Dimension) Unit Name Abbreviation MassGeneral Chemistry Introduction: Definitions and Measurements CHM1050_3 *Aspartame ­ NutraSweetTM. 5 transformations and energy associated with those transformations. CHM1050_3 Chemistry: A Definition #12;CHM1050

Zakarian, Armen

306

Definition: Offshore Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Offshore Wind Offshore Wind (Redirected from Offshore Wind) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Offshore Wind Wind turbine installations built near-shore or further offshore on coastlines for commercial electricity generation.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available Related Terms wind turbine, wind farm, near-shore, offshore References ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offshore_wind_power Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Offshore_Wind&oldid=586583" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

307

Definition: Pro Forma Tariff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forma Tariff Forma Tariff Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Pro Forma Tariff Usually refers to the standard OATT and/or associated transmission rights mandated by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Order No. 888.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Pro_Forma_Tariff&oldid=480579" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

308

Definition: Caldera Depression | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Caldera Depression Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Caldera Depression Calderas form from the catastrophic eruption of large amounts of felsic lava and ash. Emptying of the magma chamber and subsequent collapse of the overlying volcanic edifice forms a ring-shaped caldera depression up to several kilometers in diameter. The edges of the underlying magma chamber are roughly marked by a ring fracture zone that acts as a conduit for ongoing volcanism and hydrothermal activity. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Caldera_Depression&oldid=699075"

309

BEDES Terms and Definitions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Terms and Definitions Terms and Definitions BEDES Terms and Definitions On this page you'll find terms and definitions associated with the Building Energy Data Exchange Specification (BEDES). Data Specification, or spec A data spec establishes clear field names, definitions, formats (e.g. number, text) and enumerations (categorical lists) It serves as a guide to ensure that data is consistent among a range of sources and uses. For example, Green Button is a data specification that is used for utility customers' energy consumption information. Data Schema A data schema (or model) describes the structural relationships, hierarchies, and dependencies between data fields. For example, a schema might dictate that energy consumption data should be associated with a meter and a space in a building. A data specification could be used as the

310

Definition: On-Peak | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: On-Peak Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png On-Peak Those hours or other periods defined by NAESB business practices, contract, agreements, or guides as periods of higher electrical demand.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Peak demand is used to refer to a historically high point in the sales record of a particular product. In terms of energy use, peak demand describes a period of strong consumer demand. Also Known As peak load Related Terms demand, peak demand References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards Temp Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. late:ISGANAttributionsmart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:On-Peak&oldid=502536"

311

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas > Natural Gas Information Query System > Definitions, Sources, & Notes Natural Gas > Natural Gas Information Query System > Definitions, Sources, & Notes Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes The EIA-176 form contains responses submitted from an identified universe of pipelines, local distribution companies, and operators of fields, wells or gas processing plants, who distribute gas to end users or transport gas across State borders; or underground natural gas storage operators. Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities.

312

Template:Definition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'Definition' template. It is used to embed an existing definition in a wiki page of relevant content. This template is not used to define a term. To define a term, please use this form. Parameters Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Term - The term whose definition will be displayed. Usage It should be called in one of the following formats: {{Definition|Brayton cycle}} {{Definition|Term=Brayton cycle}} Example This template will produce the following for an existing term: Dictionary.png Brayton cycle: A thermodynamic cycle using constant pressure, heat addition and rejection. Fuel and a compressor are used to heat and increase the pressure of a gas; the gas expands and spins the blades of a turbine, which, when connected to

313

Definition: Meter Communications Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Meter Communications Network Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Meter Communications Network The communications infrastructure that supports two-way delivery of information between smart meters and data collectors or access points. This infrastructure can be wired or wireless, and can be owned by the utility or a third party service provider. This network is sometimes referred to as a "field area network".[1] Related Terms smart grid References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/meter_communications_network [[C Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Meter_Communications_Network&oldid=493063"

314

Definition: Nameplate Capacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Nameplate Capacity Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Nameplate Capacity The maximum amount of electric energy that a generator can produce under specific conditions, as rated by the manufacturer. Generator nameplate capacity is expressed in some multiple of watts such as megawatts (MW), as indicated on a nameplate that is physically attached to the generator.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Capacity Related Terms electricity generation, power References ↑ http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/glossary/generator-nameplate-capacity.html Retr LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Nameplate_Capacity&oldid=480378"

315

Definition: Daylighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighting Daylighting Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Daylighting The use of natural sunlight to provide interior lighting for a building.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Daylighting is the practice of placing windows or other openings and reflective surfaces so that during the day natural light provides effective internal lighting. Particular attention is given to daylighting while designing a building when the aim is to maximize visual comfort or to reduce energy use. Energy savings can be achieved either from the reduced use of artificial (electric) lighting or from passive solar heating or cooling. Artificial lighting energy use can be reduced by simply installing fewer electric lights because daylight is present, or by dimming/switching electric lights automatically in response to the presence of daylight, a

316

Definition: Coal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coal Coal Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Coal A combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock composed mostly of carbon and hydrocarbons. It is formed from plant remains that have been compacted, hardened, chemically altered, and metamorphosed by heat and pressure over geologic time (typically millions of years). It is the most abundant fossil fuel produced in the United States.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Coal (from the Old English term col, which has meant "mineral of fossilized carbon" since the 13th century) is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later

317

Definition: Radiometrics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radiometrics Radiometrics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Radiometrics Radiometric (or Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer) Surveys detect and map gamma rays. Gamma rays are natural radioactive emanations from materials in the rocks and soils. All detectable gamma radiation from earth materials come from the natural decay products of either potassium, uranium, or thorium. The gamma ray data are interpreted in combination with other airborne survey data, such as Magnetic Techniques, satellite images and geological and soil maps to map minerals with these radioactive elements, such as magnetite.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer Surveying References ↑ Guidelines for Radioelement Mapping Using Gamma Ray Spectrometry

318

Definition: SAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SAR SAR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png SAR Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is a form of radar whose defining characteristic is its use of relative motion, between an antenna and its target region, to provide distinctive long-term coherent-signal variations, that are exploited to obtain finer spatial resolution than is possible with conventional beam-scanning means. It originated as an advanced form of side-looking airborne radar (SLAR).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is a form of radar whose defining characteristic is its use of relative motion, between an antenna and its target region, to provide distinctive long-term coherent-signal variations, that are exploited to obtain finer spatial resolution than is possible with

319

Definition: Misoperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Misoperation Misoperation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Misoperation Any failure of a Protection System element to operate within the specified time when a fault or abnormal condition occurs within a zone of protection., Any operation for a fault not within a zone of protection (other than operation as backup protection for a fault in an adjacent zone that is not cleared within a specified time for the protection for that zone)., Any unintentional Protection System operation when no fault or other abnormal condition has occurred unrelated to on-site maintenance and testing activity.[1] Related Terms protection System References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition

320

Definition: Algae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algae Algae Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Algae Photosynthetic, plant-like organisms containing chlorophyll. Often fast growing and able to live in freshwater, seawater, or damp oils. May be unicellular and microscopic or very large, as in the giant kelps. Can be used as a source for biofuels, and has been engineered to produce ethanol, oil and even diesel.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Biofuels, Algae fuel, bioenergy, sustainability References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://www.soil.ncsu.edu/publications/BMPs/glossary.html ↑ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/26/business/energy-environment/26algae.html ↑ http://abcnews.go.com/International/algae-solve-worlds-fuel-crisis/story?id=14181088 Retrie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Definition: Briquettes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Briquettes Briquettes Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Briquettes A briquette is a small block of flammable biomass that can be used to cook, heat, and as a fuel, mostly in developing countries.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available. There has been a move to the use of briquettes in the developed world through the use of cofiring, when the briquettes are combined with coal in order to create the heat supplied to the boiler. This reduces carbon dioxide emissions by partially replacing coal used in power plants with materials that are

322

Definition: Electricity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electricity Energy resulting from the flow of charge particles[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves. In electricity, charges produce electromagnetic fields which act on other charges. Electricity occurs due to several types of physics: electric charge: a property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interactions. Electrically charged matter is

323

Definition: Anode | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anode Anode Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Anode The positive electrode in an electrochemical cell, or battery.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An anode is an electrode through which electric current flows into a polarized electrical device. The direction of electric current is, by convention, opposite to the direction of electron flow. In other words, the electrons flow from the anode into, for example, an electrical circuit. Mnemonic: ACID (Anode Current into Device). A widespread misconception is that anode polarity is always positive (+). This is often incorrectly inferred from the correct fact that in all electrochemical devices, negatively charged anions move towards the anode (hence their name) and positively charged cations move away from it. In fact anode polarity

324

Definition: Biorefinery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biorefinery Biorefinery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biorefinery A facility that processes and converts biomass into value-added products, ranging from biomaterials to biofuels such as ethanol or important feedstocks for the production of chemicals.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum. The International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 42 on Biorefineries has defined biorefining as the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products (food, feed, chemicals,

325

Definition: Bioenergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bioenergy Bioenergy Energy produced from organic materials from plants or animals.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. Biomass is any organic material which has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may include wood, wood waste, straw, manure, sugarcane, and many other byproducts from a variety of agricultural processes. By 2010, there was 35GW of globally installed bioenergy capacity for electricity generation, of which 7GW was in the United States. In its most narrow sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel derived from biological sources. In its broader sense it includes biomass, the biological material used as a biofuel, as well as the

326

Definition: Element | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Element Element Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Element Any electrical device with terminals that may be connected to other electrical devices such as a generator, transformer, circuit breaker, bus section, or transmission line. An element may be comprised of one or more components.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electrical elements are conceptual abstractions representing idealized electrical components, such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors, used in the analysis of electrical networks. Any electrical network can be analysed as multiple, interconnected electrical elements in a schematic diagram or circuit diagram, each of which affects the voltage in the network or current through the network. These ideal electrical elements represent real, physical electrical or electronic components but

327

Definition: Semiconductor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Semiconductor Semiconductor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Semiconductor Any material that has a limited capacity for conducting an electric current. Certain semiconductors, including silicon, gallium arsenide, copper indium diselenide, and cadmium telluride, are uniquely suited to the photovoltaic conversion process.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A semiconductor is a material which has electrical conductivity to a degree between that of a metal (such as copper) and that of an insulator (such as glass). Semiconductors are the foundation of modern solid state electronics, including transistors, solar cells, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), quantum dots and digital and analog integrated circuits. A semiconductor may have a number of unique properties, one of which is the

328

Definition: Azimuth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Azimuth Azimuth Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Azimuth The angle between true south and the point on the horizon directly below the sun.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An azimuth is an angular measurement in a spherical coordinate system. The vector from an observer to a point of interest is projected perpendicularly onto a reference plane; the angle between the projected vector and a reference vector on the reference plane is called the azimuth. An example is the position of a star in the sky. The star is the point of interest, the reference plane is the horizon or the surface of the sea, and the reference vector points north. The azimuth is the angle between the north vector and the perpendicular projection of the star down onto the horizon. Azimuth is usually measured in degrees (°). The concept is used

329

Definition: Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol A colorless, flammable liquid produced by fermentation of sugars. While it is also the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, it can be denatured for fuel use. Fuel ethanol is used principally for blending in low concentrations with motor gasoline as an oxygenate or octane enhancer. In high concentrations, it is used to fuel alternative-fuel vehicles specially designed for its use.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. World ethanol production for transport fuel tripled between 2000 and 2007 from 17 billion to more than 52 billion liters. From 2007 to 2008, the share of ethanol in global gasoline type

330

Definition: Surge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surge Surge Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Surge A transient variation of current, voltage, or power flow in an electric circuit or across an electric system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical engineering, spikes are fast, short duration electrical transients in voltage (voltage spikes), current (current spikes), or transferred energy (energy spikes) in an electrical circuit. Fast, short duration electrical transients in the electric potential of a circuit are typically caused by Lightning strikes Power outages Tripped circuit breakers Short circuits Power transitions in other large equipment on the same power line Malfunctions caused by the power company Electromagnetic pulses (EMP) with electromagnetic energy distributed typically up to the 100 kHz and 1 MHz frequency range. Inductive spikes

331

Definition: Biomass | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Biomass Organic matter, including: agricultural and forestry residues, municipal solid wastes, industrial wastes, and terrestrial and aquatic crops grown solely for energy purposes.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-derived materials which are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Historically, humans have harnessed biomass-derived

332

Definition: SWIR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SWIR SWIR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png SWIR Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) refers to multi- and hyperspectral data collected in the 1.4-3 µm wavelenth. SWIR (and NIR) is sometimes called "reflected infrared." It can be used to map the distribution of siliceous sinters and alteration associated with these deposits. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Infrared (IR) light is electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, extending from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometres (nm) to 1 mm. This range of wavelengths corresponds to a frequency range of approximately 430 THz down to 300 GHz, and includes most of the thermal radiation emitted by objects near room temperature. Infrared light is emitted or absorbed by molecules

333

Definition: Radar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Radar Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Radar Radar is an active-sensor remote sensing tool used to detect small changes in ground movement at geothermal locations. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Radar is an object detection system which uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. The radar dish or antenna transmits pulses of radio waves or microwaves which bounce off any object in their path. The object returns a tiny part of the wave's energy to a dish or antenna which is usually located at the same site as the transmitter. Radar was secretly developed by several nations before and

334

Definition: Watt | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Watt Watt Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Watt A unit of measure for power, which measures the rate of energy conversion; equal to one joule per second (or 1/746 horsepower); equivalent to one ampere under a pressure of one volt.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The watt' is a derived unit of power in the International System of Units (SI), named after the Scottish engineer James Watt (1736-1819). The unit, defined as one joule per second, measures the rate of energy conversion or transfer. Also Known As W Related Terms Electricity, Power, Kilowatt References ↑ http://www.eia.gov/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=W#watt ↑ http://needtoknow.nas.edu/energy/glossary/ Retri LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from

335

Definition: Alternator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternator Alternator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Alternator A generator producing alternating current by the rotation of its rotor.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An alternator is an electromechanical device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current. Most alternators use a rotating magnetic field with a stationary armature but occasionally, a rotating armature is used with a stationary magnetic field; or a linear alternator is used. In principle, any AC electrical generator can be called an alternator, but usually the term refers to small rotating machines driven by automotive and other internal combustion engines. An alternator that uses a permanent magnet for its magnetic field is called a magneto. Alternators in power stations driven by steam turbines

336

Definition: Joule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joule Joule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Joule A metric unit of energy or work; 1 joule per second equals 1 watt; 1 Btu equals 1,055 joules.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy, work, or amount of heat in the International System of Units. It is equal to the energy expended (or work done) in applying a force of one newton through a distance of one metre (1 newton metre or N·m), or in passing an electric current of one ampere through a resistance of one ohm for one second. It is named after the English physicist James Prescott Joule (1818-1889). In terms firstly of base SI units and then in terms of other SI units: where N is the newton, m is the metre, kg is the kilogram, s is the second, Pa is

337

Definition: Therm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Therm Therm Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Therm A unit of heat containing 100,000 British thermal units (Btu).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Natural Gas is usually measured by volume in the United States and is stated in cubic feet. A cubic foot of gas is the amount of gas needed to fill a volume of one cubic foot under set conditions of pressure and temperature. To measure larger amounts of natural gas, a "therm" is used to denote 100 cubic feet, and "mcf" is used to denote 1,000 cubic feet. To provide greater accuracy in comparing fuels, energy content is measured in terms of "British Thermal Units (BTU's). " A BTU is the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water (approximately a pint), one degree

338

Definition: SRT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SRT SRT Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png SRT The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) was an international research effort that obtained digital elevation models on a near-global scale from 56° S to 60° N, to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth prior to the release of the ASTER GDEM in 2009.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is an international research effort that obtained digital elevation models on a near-global scale from 56° S to 60° N, to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth prior to the release of the ASTER GDEM in 2009. SRTM consisted of a specially modified radar system that flew on board the Space Shuttle Endeavour during the 11-day

339

Definition: Heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat Heat Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Heat Heat is the form of energy that is transferred between systems or objects with different temperatures (flowing from the high-temperature system to the low-temperature system). Also referred to as heat energy or thermal energy. Heat is typically measured in Btu, calories or joules. Heat flow, or the rate at which heat is transferred between systems, has the same units as power: energy per unit time (J/s).[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics and chemistry, heat is energy in transfer between a system and its surroundings other than by work or transfer of matter. The transfer can occur in two simple ways, conduction, and radiation, and in a more complicated way called convective circulation. Heat is not a property

340

Definition: Inverter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inverter Inverter Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Inverter A device that converts direct current electricity to alternating current either for stand-alone systems or to supply power to an electricity grid.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). The input voltage, output voltage, and frequency are dependent on design. Static inverters do not use moving parts in the conversion process. Some applications for inverters include converting high-voltage direct current electric utility line power to AC, and deriving AC from DC power sources such as batteries. Related Terms Direct current, Alternating current, Electric grid, Distributed generation, alternating current, electricity generation, power, fuel

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Definition: Cathode | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cathode Cathode Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cathode The negative pole of a battery (electrolytic cell), where electrons enter (and current leaves) the system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A cathode is an electrode through which electric current flows out of a polarized electrical device. The direction of electric current is, by convention, opposite to the direction of electron flow-thus, electrons are considered to flow toward the cathode electrode while current flows away from it. This convention is sometimes remembered using the mnemonic CCD for cathode current departs. Cathode polarity is not always negative. Although positively charged cations always move towards the cathode (hence their name) and negatively charged anions move away from it, cathode

342

Definition: Petroleum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Petroleum A broadly defined class of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures. Included are crude oil, lease condensate, unfinished oils, refined products obtained from the processing of crude oil, and natural gas plant liquids.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Petroleum is a naturally occurring flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. The name Petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oils and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, it is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and undergo intense heat and pressure. Petroleum is recovered mostly

343

Definition: HVAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png HVAC An abbreviation for the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system; the system or systems that condition air in a building.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition HVAC is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. HVAC system design is a subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Refrigeration is sometimes added to the field's abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR, or ventilating is dropped as in HACR (such as the designation of HACR-rated circuit breakers). HVAC is important in the design of medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and in marine environments such as aquariums, where safe and

344

Definition: Irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Irradiance Irradiance Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Irradiance The direct, diffuse, and reflected solar radiation that strikes a surface. Usually expressed in kilowatts per square meter. Irradiance multiplied by time equals insolation.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Irradiance is the power of electromagnetic radiation per unit area incident on a surface. Radiant emittance or radiant exitance is the power per unit area radiated by a surface. The SI units for all of these quantities are watts per square meter (W/m), while the cgs units are ergs per square centimeter per second (erg·cm·s, often used in astronomy). These quantities are sometimes called intensity, but this usage leads to confusion with radiant intensity, which has different units. All of these

345

Definition: Insolation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Insolation Insolation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Insolation The solar power density incident on a surface of stated area and orientation, usually expressed as Watts per square meter or Btu per square foot per hour.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Insolation is a measure of solar radiation energy received on a given surface area and recorded during a given time. It is also called solar irradiation and expressed as "hourly irradiation" if recorded during an hour or "daily irradiation" if recorded during a day. The unit recommended by the World Meteorological Organization is megajoules per square metre (MJ/m) or joules per square millimetre (J/mm) . An alternate unit of measure is the Langley (1 thermochemical calorie per square

346

Definition: Electrolyte | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrolyte Electrolyte Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrolyte A substance that conducts charged ions from one electrode to the other in a fuel cell, battery, or electrolyzer.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electrolyte is a compound that ionizes when dissolved in suitable ionizing solvents such as water. This includes most soluble salts, acids, and bases. Some gases, such as hydrogen chloride, under conditions of high temperature or low pressure can also function as electrolytes. Electrolyte solutions can also result from the dissolution of some biological and synthetic polymers, termed polyelectrolytes, which contain charged functional groups. Electrolyte solutions are normally formed when a salt is placed into a solvent such as water and the individual components

347

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

348

Idaho IC 61-119, Electrical Corporation Definition | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Idaho IC 61-119, Electrical Corporation DefinitionLegal Abstract Definition of an Electrical Corporation under...

349

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel and Conversion Definitions

350

TEMPORAL MODELING OF SLIDE CHANGE IN PRESENTATION VIDEOS Quanfu Fan (1), Arnon Amir (2), Kobus Barnard (1), Ranjini Swaminathan (1) and Alon Efrat (1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEMPORAL MODELING OF SLIDE CHANGE IN PRESENTATION VIDEOS Quanfu Fan (1), Arnon Amir (2), Kobus develop a general framework to automatically match elec- tronic slides to the videos of corresponding video libraries. Our approach extends previous work that matches slides based on visual features alone

Barnard, Kobus

351

Reconstructing the timing of flash floods using 10Be surface exposure dating at Leidy Creek alluvial fan and valley, White Mountains, CaliforniaNevada, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Large alluvial fans characterize the piedmonts of the White Mountains, CaliforniaNevada, USA, with large boulders strewn across their surfaces. The boulders are interpreted as flash floods deposits with an unclear trigger for the transport process. Several triggers are possible, including glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs), thunderstorms or rainfall on snow cover. From a paleoenvironmental perspective, the origin of the flash floods is of fundamental importance. The alluvial fans that flank the White Mountains at Leidy Creek display particularly impressive examples of these deposits. The boulder deposits and the source catchment at Leidy Creek were examined using 10Be terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide (TCN) surface exposure dating to help elucidate their age and origin. All boulders dated on the alluvial fans date to the Holocene. This is in accordance with the geomorphic analyses of the Leidy Creek catchment and its terraces and sediment ridges, which were also dated to the Holocene using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and 10Be surface exposure. The results suggest that the boulders on the alluvial fan were deposited by flash floods during thunderstorm events affecting the catchment of the Leidy Creek valley. Paleomonsoonal-induced mid-Holocene flash floods are the most plausible explanation for the discharges needed for these boulder aggradations, but a regional dataset is needed to confirm this explanation.

Markus Fuchs; Rebecca Reverman; Lewis A. Owen; Kurt L. Frankel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions & Withdrawals Definitions Key Terms Definition Liquefied Natural Gas Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Net Withdrawals The amount by which storage withdrawals exceed storage injections. Storage Additions Volumes of gas injected or otherwise added to underground natural gas reservoirs or liquefied natural gas storage. Storage Withdrawals Total volume of gas withdrawn from underground storage or from liquefied natural gas storage over a specified amount of time. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"

353

Definitions, Seals - Vulnerability Assessment Team - Nuclear Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Definitions Definitions VAT Projects Introducing the VAT Adversarial Vulnerability Assessments Safety Tags & Product Counterfeiting Election Security Spoofing GPS Defeating Existing Tamper-Indicating Seals Specialty Field Tools & Sampling Tools Insider Threat Mitigation Drug Testing Security Microprocessor Prototypes The Journal of Physical Security Vulnerability Assessments Vulnerability Assessments Insanely Fast µProcessor Shop Insanely Fast µProcessor Shop Seals About Seals Applications of Seals Common Myths about Tamper Indicating Seals Definitions Findings and Lessons Learned New Seals Types of Seals Seals References Selected VAT Papers Selected VAT Papers Selected Invited Talks Self-Assessment Survey Security Maxims Devil's Dictionary of Security Terms Argonne's VAT (brochure)

354

Definition: Interchange Distribution Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Distribution Calculator Distribution Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interchange Distribution Calculator The mechanism used by Reliability Coordinators in the Eastern Interconnection to calculate the distribution of Interchange Transactions over specific Flowgates. It includes a database of all Interchange Transactions and a matrix of the Distribution Factors for the Eastern Interconnection.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator, Interchange Transaction References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interchange_Distribution_Calculator&oldid=480261" Categories: Definitions

355

Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document contains the Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005

356

Definition: Operating Voltage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Voltage Voltage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Operating Voltage The voltage level by which an electrical system is designated and to which certain operating characteristics of the system are related; also, the effective (root-mean-square) potential difference between any two conductors or between a conductor and the ground. The actual voltage of the circuit may vary somewhat above or below this value.[1] Related Terms system References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Operating_Voltage&oldid=480559" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes

357

Definition: Thermal energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Thermal energy Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal energy The kinetic energy associated with the random motions of the molecules of a material or object; often used interchangeably with the terms heat and heat energy. Measured in joules, calories, or Btu.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Thermal energy is the part of the total potential energy and kinetic energy of an object or sample of matter that results in the system temperature. It is represented by the variable Q, and can be measured in Joules. This quantity may be difficult to determine or even meaningless unless the system has attained its temperature only through warming (heating), and not been subjected to work input or output, or any other

358

Definition: Confirmed Interchange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Confirmed Interchange Confirmed Interchange Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Confirmed Interchange The state where the Interchange Authority has verified the Arranged Interchange.[1] Related Terms Arranged Interchange, Interchange, Interchange Authority References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Confirmed_Interchange&oldid=480469" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 1863245953 Varnish cache server

359

Definition: Biomass Cook Stove | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Biomass Cook Stove Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biomass Cook Stove A Stove that is heated by burning wood, charcoal, animal dung or crop residue. Cook stoves are the most common way of cooking and heating food in developing countries.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition "Cooking stove" redirects here. For a kitchen cooker, stove, range, oven, or stove top, see Kitchen stove. In cooking, a cook stove is heated by burning wood, charcoal, animal dung or crop residue. Cook stoves are commonly used for cooking and heating food in developing countries. Developing countries consume little energy compared to developed nations; however, over 50% of the energy that they do use goes into cooking food.

360

Definition: Isotopic Analysis- Fluid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons. An isotopic analysis looks at a particular isotopic element(s) in a given system, while the conditions which increase/decrease the number of neutrons are well understood and measurable. Fluid isotopes are used to characterize a fluids origin, age, and/or interaction with rocks or other fluids based on unique isotopic ratios or concentrations.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Isotope geochemistry is an aspect of geology based upon study of the relative and absolute concentrations of the elements and their isotopes in

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Property:Definition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Definition Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Definition Property Type Text Description The definition of the term or concept. Pages using the property "Definition" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Probe surveys are used to physically identify and delineate thermal anomalies. A 2-m long hollow steel tube with a tungsten-carbide alloy tip is driven into the ground using a hammer drill. Then a high-precision resistive-temperature device is inserted into the tube. The probe is then left in place for at least one hour. A Accommodation Zone + Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity.

362

Definition: Curtailment Threshold | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Curtailment Threshold Curtailment Threshold Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Curtailment Threshold The minimum Transfer Distribution Factor which, if exceeded, will subject an Interchange Transaction to curtailment to relieve a transmission facility constraint.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Distribution Factor, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Curtailment_Threshold&oldid=480338" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

363

Definition: Fossil fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Fossil fuels Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Fossil fuels Fuels formed in the Earth's crust over millions of years from decomposed organic matter. Common fossil fuels include petroleum, coal, and natural gas.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms. The age of the organisms and their resulting fossil fuels is typically millions of years, and sometimes exceeds 650 million years. Fossil fuels contain high percentages of carbon and include coal, petroleum, and natural gas. They range from volatile materials with low carbon:hydrogen ratios like methane, to liquid petroleum

364

Definition: Scheduling Path | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scheduling Path Scheduling Path Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Scheduling Path The Transmission Service arrangements reserved by the Purchasing-Selling Entity for a Transaction.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Purchasing-Selling Entity, Transmission Service, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Scheduling_Path&oldid=480301" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

365

Definition: Equipment Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Rating The maximum and minimum voltage, current, frequency, real and reactive power flows on individual equipment under steady state, short-circuit and transient conditions, as permitted or assigned by the equipment owner.[1] Also Known As Standard current ratings Related Terms reactive power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Rating&oldid=502535" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

366

Definition: Transmission Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Service Services provided to the Transmission Customer by the Transmission Service Provider to move energy from a Point of Receipt to a Point of Delivery.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Transmission Customer, Transmission Service Provider, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transmission_Service&oldid=480302" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

367

Definition: Penetration Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Penetration Rate Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Penetration Rate The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. Also known as penetration rate or drill rate. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

368

Definition: Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schedule Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interchange Schedule An agreed-upon Interchange Transaction size (megawatts), start and end time, beginning and ending ramp times and rate, and type required for delivery and receipt of power and energy between the Source and Sink Balancing Authorities involved in the transaction.[1] Related Terms Interchange transaction References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interchange_Schedule&oldid=480572" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

369

Definition: Direct current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Direct current Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct current A type of electricity transmission and distribution by which electricity flows in one direction through the conductor, usually relatively low voltage and high current (such as from a battery). To be used for typical 120 volt or 220 volt household appliances, DC must be converted to alternating current (AC).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge. Direct current is produced by sources such as batteries, thermocouples, solar cells, and commutator-type electric machines of the dynamo type. Direct current may flow in a conductor such as a wire, but can also flow

370

Definition: Information Service | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Information Service Service Provider maintains for transmission access data and that allows all transmission customers to view the data simultaneously.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Information_Service&oldid=480340" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 186325125

371

Definition: Tar Sands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Tar Sands Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Tar Sands A resource, found in particular abundance in Canada, where viscous petroleum is mixed in with a layer of sand, clay, and water. The form of petroleum is often referred to as "bitumen". The resource has only recently been considered part of the world's oil reserves View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Oil sands, tar sands or, more technically, bituminous sands, are a type of unconventional petroleum deposit. The oil sands are loose sand or partially consolidated sandstone containing naturally occurring mixtures of sand, clay, and water, saturated with a dense and extremely viscous form of petroleum technically referred to as bitumen (or colloquially tar due to

372

Definition: Forced Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forced Outage Forced Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Forced Outage The removal from service availability of a generating unit, transmission line, or other facility for emergency reasons., The condition in which the equipment is unavailable due to unanticipated failure.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Forced_Outage&oldid=480310" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data

373

Definition: Geothermal Literature Review | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geothermal Literature Review Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geothermal Literature Review A review of previously documented knowledge about an area to compile the critical points of current knowledge known and develop an overall understanding of the area or topic of interest. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A literature review is a text written by someone to consider the critical points of current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and as such, do not report any new or original experimental work. Also, a literature review can be interpreted as a review of an abstract accomplishment. Most often

374

Definition: Rated power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Rated power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Rated power The power output of a device under specific or nominal operating conditions[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical and electronic engineering, the power rating of a device is a guideline set by the manufacturer as a maximum power to be used with that device. This limit is usually set somewhat lower than the level where the device will be damaged, to allow a margin of safety. In devices which primarily dissipate electric power or convert it into mechanical power, such as resistors, electric motors, and speakers, the power rating given is usually the maximum power that can be safely dissipated by the

375

Definition: Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Gravity Survey The ground gravitational method is the study of the distribution of mass in the subsurface with the observation point at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A gravity anomaly is the difference between the observed acceleration of a planet's gravity and a value predicted from a model. A location with a positive anomaly exhibits more gravity than predicted, while a negative anomaly exhibits a lower value than predicted. References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Geophysical-Field-Theory-Three-Volume-Gravitational/dp/0124020410 Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

376

Definition: Image Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Image Logs Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Image Logs Well logging techniques which create images of the inside of a borehole. A 360° view camera is used that can be lowered into a borehole via logging cable. The camera's purpose is to provide live images of the borehole walls. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Well logging, also known as borehole logging is the practice of making a detailed record (a well log) of the geologic formations penetrated by a borehole. The log may be based either on visual inspection of samples brought to the surface (geological logs) or on physical measurements made by instruments lowered into the hole (geophysical logs). Well logging can

377

Definition: InSAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: InSAR Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png InSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is a remote sensing technique that can be used to accurately measure ground displacement.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Interferometric synthetic aperture radar, abbreviated InSAR or IfSAR, is a radar technique used in geodesy and remote sensing. This geodetic method uses two or more synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images to generate maps of surface deformation or digital elevation, using differences in the phase of the waves returning to the satellite or aircraft. The technique can potentially measure centimetre-scale changes in deformation over spans of days to years. It has applications for

378

Definition: Federal Register | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Federal Register Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Federal Register The official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains most routine publications and public notices of government agencies. It is a daily (except holidays) publication.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Federal Register (since March 14, 1936), abbreviated FR, or sometimes Fed. Reg. , is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains most routine publications and public notices of government agencies. It is a daily publication. The Federal Register is compiled by the Office of the Federal Register and is printed by the Government Printing Office. The final rules promulgated by a federal

379

Definition: Stereo Satellite Imagery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Stereo Satellite Imagery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Stereo Satellite Imagery Stereo Satellite Imagery is a form of Stereoscopy or 3D imaging. Two pictures are a take of the subject from two slightly different angles to produce the illusion of depth. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics or 3D imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision. The word stereoscopy derives from the Greek "στερεός" (stereos), "firm, solid" + "σκοπέω" (skopeō), "to look", "to see". Most stereoscopic methods present two offset images

380

Definition: Brophy Occurrence Models | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Brophy Occurrence Models Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Brophy Occurrence Models Paul Brophy has classified geothermal areas based on a variety of properties such as tectonic setting, controlling structures, and fluid properties.[2] References ↑ Colin F. Williams,Marshall J. Reed,Arlene F. Anderson. 2011. Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. In: Thirty-Sixth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering; 2011/02/02; Stanford, California. Stanford, California: Stanford University; p. ↑ [1] Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Brophy_Occurrence_Models&oldid=699053"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coordinator Area Coordinator Area Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Area The collection of generation, transmission, and loads within the boundaries of the Reliability Coordinator. Its boundary coincides with one or more Balancing Authority Areas.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority Area, transmission line, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inlin LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. e Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Area&oldid=502626" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages

382

Definition: Heat exchanger | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Heat exchanger Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Heat exchanger A device for transferring thermal energy (heat) from one fluid (liquid or gas) to another, when the two fluids are physically separated; such as a radiator.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A heat exchanger is a piece of equipment built for efficient heat transfer from one medium to another. The media may be separated by a solid wall to prevent mixing or they may be in direct contact. They are widely used in space heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, power plants, chemical plants, petrochemical plants, petroleum refineries [bp, shell, sasol], natural gas processing, and sewage treatment. The classic example

383

Definition: Injectivity Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Injectivity Test Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Injectivity Test A well testing technique conducted upon completion of a well. Water is pumped into the well at a constant rate until a stable pressure is reached then the pump is turned off and the rate at which pressure decreases is measured. The pressure measurements are graphed and well permeability can be calculated.[1] References ↑ https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/ISS/2008Croatia/Hole03.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You and one other like this.One person likes this. Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Injectivity_Test&oldid=688681"

384

Definition: Stability Limit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limit Limit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Stability Limit The maximum power flow possible through some particular point in the system while maintaining stability in the entire system or the part of the system to which the stability limit refers.[1] Related Terms power, system, stability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Stability_Limit&oldid=480505" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

385

Definition: Net Interchange Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interchange Schedule Interchange Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net Interchange Schedule The algebraic sum of all Interchange Schedules with each Adjacent Balancing Authority.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Adjacent Balancing Authority, Interchange, Interchange Schedule, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Net_Interchange_Schedule&oldid=502531" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

386

Definition: Tie Line Bias | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Line Bias Line Bias Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Tie Line Bias A mode of Automatic Generation Control that allows the Balancing Authority to maintain its Interchange Schedule and respond to Interconnection frequency error.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Automatic Generation Control, frequency error, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Tie_Line_Bias&oldid=502569" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

387

Definition: Downhole Fluid Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Downhole Fluid Sampling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Downhole Fluid Sampling Downhole fluid sampling is done to characterize the chemical, thermal, or hydrological properties of a surface or subsurface aqueous system. Downhole fluid sampling is typically performed to monitor water quality, study recharge and flow in groundwater systems, and evaluate resource potential of geothermal reservoirs. Analysis of both the liquid and gas fractions of the reservoir fluid allows for detailed characterize the chemical, thermal, or hydrological properties of the subsurface hydrothermal system. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

388

Definition: Parabolic trough | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Parabolic trough Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Parabolic trough A solar energy conversion device that uses a trough covered with a highly reflective surface to focus sunlight onto a linear absorber containing a working fluid that can be used to spin a turbine for electricity generation; with a single-axis sun-tracking system, the configuration of a parabolic trough can track the sun from east to west during the day.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A parabolic trough is a type of solar thermal collector that is straight in one dimension and curved as a parabola in the other two, lined with a polished metal mirror. The energy of sunlight which enters the

389

Definition: Facts Device | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facts Device Facts Device Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Facts Device An electronic system and other static equipment that provide control of one or more AC transmission system parameters to enhance controllability and increase power transfer capability.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, system, transmission line References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Facts_Device&oldid=480398" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

390

Definition: Bes Emergency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bes Emergency Bes Emergency Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Bes Emergency failure of transmission facilities or generation supply that could adversely affect the reliability of the Bulk Electric System.[1] Also Known As BPS, Bulk Power System (Electricity transmission) Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Bes_Emergency&oldid=480539" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

391

Definition: Electric current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Electric current Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric current The flow of electric charge or electrical energy (electricity); commonly measured in amperes.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electric current is a flow of electric charge through an electrical conductor. Electric charge flows when there is voltage present across a conductor. In electric circuits this charge is often carried by moving electrons in a wire. It can also be carried by ions in an electrolyte, or by both ions and electrons such as in a plasma. The SI unit for measuring an electric current is the ampere, which is the flow of electric charges through a surface at the rate of one coulomb per second.

392

Definition: Cyber Security Incident | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Security Incident Security Incident Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cyber Security Incident Any malicious act or suspicious event that: Compromises, or was an attempt to compromise, the Electronic Security Perimeter or Physical Security Perimeter of a Critical Cyber Asset, or, Disrupts, or was an attempt to disrupt, the operation of a Critical Cyber Asset.[1] Related Terms Electronic Security Perimeter References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Cyber_Security_Incident&oldid=480296" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

393

Definition: Gamma Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Gamma Log Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Gamma Log Gamma logging is a method of measuring naturally occurring gamma radiation to characterize the rock or sediment in a borehole or drill hole. It is a wireline logging method used in mining, mineral exploration, water-well drilling, for formation evaluation in oil and gas well drilling and for other related purposes. Different types of rock emit different amounts and different spectra of natural gamma radiation.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Gamma ray logging is a method of measuring naturally occurring gamma radiation to characterize the rock or sediment in a borehole or drill hole. It is a wireline logging method used in mining, mineral exploration,

394

Definition: Lab Analysis Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Lab Analysis Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Lab Analysis Techniques Lab Analysis Techniques encompass a broad array of analytical methods that can be used to characterize the chemical and physical properties of rock and fluid samples. The reliability of laboratory analyses depends strongly on both adherence to standard sampling procedures in the field when collecting materials for examination and on the application of appropriate sample preparation techniques in the lab. Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Lab_Analysis_Techniques&oldid=688298" Category:

395

Definition: Solar Water Heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Solar Water Heating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar Water Heating A low-energy intensive system that uses solar rays to heat water. It is a viable option in developing countries[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Solar water heating (SWH) or solar hot water (SHW) systems comprise several innovations and many mature renewable energy technologies that have been well established for many years. SWH has been widely used in Australia, Austria, China, Cyprus, Greece, India, Israel, Japan and Turkey. In a "close-coupled" SWH system the storage tank is horizontally mounted immediately above the solar collectors on the roof. No pumping is required as the hot water naturally rises into the tank through thermosiphon flow.

396

Definition: PV module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: PV module Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png PV module A unit comprised of several PV cells, and the principal unit of a PV array; it is intended to generate direct current power under un-concentrated sunlight.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A solar panel is a set of solar photovoltaic modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A photovoltaic module is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar module can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each module is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC), and

397

Definition: Conceptual Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Conceptual Model Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Conceptual Model In the broadest terms, a conceptual model is anything used to represent anything else. In geothermal exploration a conceptual model is a descriptive and qualitative model (not used for calculations) integrating and bringing together the physical features of a system to create a representation of the geothermal reservoir.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In the most general sense, a model is anything used in any way to represent anything else. Some models are physical objects, for instance, a toy model which may be assembled, and may even be made to work like the object it represents. Whereas, a conceptual model is a model that exists

398

Department of Bioengineering Definition of Biomedical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Bioengineering Definition of Biomedical Engineering Biomedical engineering cross-disciplinary activities that integrate the engineering sciences with the biomedical sciences are the Specialty Areas? Some of the well established specialty areas within the field of biomedical engineering

399

Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Definition: Stress Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1426&contextusgsstaffpub Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDefinition:StressTest&oldid688731...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Information System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability Coordinator Information System Reliability Coordinator Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Information System The system that Reliability Coordinators use to post messages and share operating information in real time.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Information_System&oldid=480407" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

402

Definition: Cinder Cone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Cinder Cone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cinder Cone Cinder cones, also known as scoria or spatter cones, are a relatively simple type of volcano consisting of a steep conical pile of volcanic ash and tephra. They exhibit a lower profile than stratovolcanoes (usually rising no more than a thousand feet above the surrounding topography), and typically have a bowl-shaped depression at their summits. They form primarily from the eruption of pyroclastic ejecta and are commonly encountered on the flanks of stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes, and calderas.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Scoria Cones, Spatter Cones References ↑ John Watson. Principal Types of Volcanoes [Internet]. 2011. U.S.

403

Definition: Natural gas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Natural gas Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Natural gas A hydrocarbon gas obtained from underground sources, often in association with petroleum and coal deposits.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly includes varying amounts of other higher alkanes and even a lesser percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and hydrogen sulfide. Natural gas is an energy source often used for heating, cooking, and electricity generation. It is also used as fuel for vehicles and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals. Natural gas is found in

404

Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal

405

Definition: Numerical Modeling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Numerical Modeling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Numerical Modeling A computer model that is designed to simulate and reproduce the mechanisms of a particular system.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A computer simulation, a computer model, or a computational model is a computer program, run on a single computer, or a network of computers, that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. Computer simulations have become a useful part of mathematical modeling of many natural systems in physics, astrophysics, chemistry and biology, human systems in economics, psychology, social science, and engineering. Simulation of a system is represented as the running of the system's model.

406

Definition: Transmission Planner | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planner Planner Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Planner The entity that develops a long-term (generally one year and beyond) plan for the reliability (adequacy) of the interconnected bulk electric transmission systems within its portion of the Planning Authority Area.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line, planning authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transmission_Planner&oldid=502606" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

407

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating Capability Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating Dynamic capability rating can be achieved through real-time determination of an element's (e.g., line, transformer etc.) ability to carry load based on electrical and environmental conditions.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Capability_Rating&oldid=506158" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

408

Definition: Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources

409

Definition: Contingency Reserve | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contingency Reserve Contingency Reserve Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Contingency Reserve The provision of capacity deployed by the Balancing Authority to meet the Disturbance Control Standard (DCS) and other NERC and Regional Reliability Organization contingency requirements.[1] Also Known As replacement reserve Related Terms Disturbance Control Standard, Balancing Authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Contingency_Reserve&oldid=502577" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

410

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Definitions and Assumptions, October 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Definitions of parameters and table of assumptions for the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Experimental Vehicle Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Experimental Vehicle Definition and Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

412

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

414

Rigorous and General Definition of Thermodynamic Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physical foundations of a variety of emerging technologies --- ranging from the applications of quantum entanglement in quantum information to the applications of nonequilibrium bulk and interface phenomena in microfluidics, biology, materials science, energy engineering, etc. --- require understanding thermodynamic entropy beyond the equilibrium realm of its traditional definition. This paper presents a rigorous logical scheme that provides a generalized definition of entropy free of the usual unnecessary assumptions which constrain the theory to the equilibrium domain. The scheme is based on carefully worded operative definitions for all the fundamental concepts employed, including those of system, property, state, isolated system, environment, process, separable system, system uncorrelated from its environment, and parameters of a system. The treatment considers also systems with movable internal walls and/or semipermeable walls, with chemical reactions and/or external force fields, and with small numbers of particles. The definition of reversible process is revised by introducing the new concept of scenario. The definition of entropy involves neither the concept of heat nor that of quasistatic process; it applies to both equilibrium and nonequilibrium states. The role of correlations on the domain of definition and on the additivity of energy and entropy is discussed: it is proved that energy is defined and additive for all separable systems, while entropy is defined and additive only for separable systems uncorrelated from their environment; decorrelation entropy is defined. The definitions of energy and entropy are extended rigorously to open systems. Finally, to complete the discussion, the existence of the fundamental relation for stable equilibrium states is proved, in our context, for both closed and open systems.

Gian Paolo Beretta; Enzo Zanchini

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

Economic recovery of oil trapped at fan margins using high angle wells and multiple hydraulic fractures. Annual report, September 28, 1995--September 27, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The digital fan margin in the northeast portion of the Yowlumne field contains significant reserves but is not economic to develop using verticle wells. Numerous interbedded shales and deteriorating rock properties limit producibility. In addition, extreme depths (13,000 ft) present a challenging environment for hydraulic fracturing and artificial lift. Lastly, a mature waterflood increases risk because of the uncertainty with size and location of flood fronts. This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting the distal fan margin of this slope-basin clastic reservoir through the use of a high-angle well completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. The combination of a high-angle (or horizontal) well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional verticle wells while maintaining verticle communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. The equivalent production rate and reserves of three verticle wells are anticipated at one-half to two-thirds the cost.

Niemeyer, B.L.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Definitions Biofuels Definitions and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Definitions and Specifications Biodiesel is a fuel that is produced from nonpetroleum renewable resources

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Definition AFVs include vehicles propelled to a significant extent by electricity from

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specification to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specification Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specifications Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised only of mono-alkyl esters

420

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60[degrees]), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); Zimbrick, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60{degrees}), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Zimbrick, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Improved recovery from Gulf of Mexico reservoirs. Volume I (of 4): Task 1, conduct research on mud-rich submarine fans. Final report, February 14, 1995--October 13, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective for this portion of the research involved conducting field studies and laboratory investigations to develop and refine models for mud-rich submarine fan architectures used by seismic analysis and reservoir engineers. These research aspects have been presented in two papers as follows: (1) Bouma, A.H., {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes}; (2) Kirkova, J.T. and Lorenzo, J.M., {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fans Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} The {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes} by Arnold Bouma discusses research targeted toward stimulating an increase in oil and gas recovery by developing new and improved geological understanding. The {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fan Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} by J.T. Kirkova and J.M. Lorenso discusses the limitations of verticle resolution and how this affects the interpretation and characterization of submarine fan complexes.

Kimbrell, W.C.; Bassiouni, Z.A.; Bourgoyne, A.T.

1997-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

423

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

424

Definition: Passive solar heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar heating solar heating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive solar heating Using the sun's energy to heat a building; the windows, walls, and floors can be designed to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter (and also to reject solar heat in the summer).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Daylighting, Passive Solar, heat, energy References ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/designing_remodeling/index.cfm/mytopic=10250 Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Passive_solar_heating&oldid=480581" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

425

Definition: Geographic Information System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System Geographic Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geographic Information System A GIS is an organized collection of computer hardware, software, geographic data, and personnel designed to efficiently capture, store, update, manipulate, analyze, and display all forms of geographically referenced information[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ http://ciesin.columbia.edu/docs/005-331/005-331.html Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Geographic_Information_System&oldid=579407" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

426

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Monthly Supply & Disposition U.S. Monthly Supply & Disposition Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data reporting systems which vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents.

427

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Point of Entry Point of Entry Definitions Key Terms Definition Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

428

Definition: Synthetic Aperture Radar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aperture Radar Aperture Radar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Synthetic Aperture Radar Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is an active microwave remote sensing technology that measures the phase difference between a radar wave emitted from an antennae attached to a satellite or aircraft to generate high-resolution images of a surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As SAR Related Terms radar References ↑ Synthetic Aperature Radar: Systems and Signal Processing (Curlander and McDonough - 1991 - book) fue LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. l cell, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Synthetic_Aperture_Radar&oldid=493069" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes

429

Definition: Solar radiation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radiation radiation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar radiation Electromagnetic energy emitted from the sun.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Solar radiant energy impinging on the earth in any given region or area. Also Known As Solar energy, Solar resource Related Terms Solar energy, Solar cell, Photovoltaics, PV array, PV module, Passive solar, Passive solar heating, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://www.eere.energy.gov/basics/renewable_energy/solar_resources.html ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/solar_glossary.html#S ↑ http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/glossary/gloss_s.html Retrieved f LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rom "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Solar_radiation&oldid=502602"

430

Definition: Network Integration Transmission Service | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Network Integration Transmission Service Network Integration Transmission Service Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Network Integration Transmission Service Service that allows an electric transmission customer to integrate, plan, economically dispatch and regulate its network reserves in a manner comparable to that in which the Transmission Owner serves Native Load customers.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission customer, transmission line, native load, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Network_Integration_Transmission_Service&oldid=502560" Categories: Definitions

431

Definition: Isotopic Analysis- Rock | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Analysis- Rock Isotopic Analysis- Rock Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Isotopic Analysis- Rock Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons. An isotopic analysis looks at a particular isotopic element(s) in a given system, while the conditions which increase/decrease the number of neutrons are well understood and measurable.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ http://wwwrcamnl.wr.usgs.gov/isoig/isopubs/itchch2.html Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Isotopic_Analysis-_Rock&oldid=687702" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

432

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Ethanol Plant Production Ethanol Plant Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous alcohol (ethanol with less than 1% water) intended for gasoline blending as described in the Oxygenates definition. Oxygenates Substances which, when added to gasoline, increase the amount of oxygen in that gasoline blend. Ethanol, Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE), Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE), and methanol are common oxygenates. Fuel Ethanol: Blends of up to 10 percent by volume anhydrous ethanol (200 proof) (commonly referred to as the "gasohol waiver"). Methanol: Blends of methanol and gasoline-grade tertiary butyl alcohol (GTBA) such that the total oxygen content does not exceed 3.5 percent by weight and the ratio of methanol to GTBA is less than or equal to 1. It is also specified that this blended fuel must meet ASTM volatility specifications (commonly referred to as the "ARCO" waiver).

433

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Supply & Disposition by State Annual Supply & Disposition by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Balancing Item Represents the difference between the sum of the components of natural gas supply and the sum of the components of natural gas disposition. These differences maybe due to quantities lost or to the effects of data reporting problems. Reporting problems include differences due to the net result of conversions of flow data metered at varying temperature and pressure bases and converted to a standard temperature and pressure base; the effect of variations in company accounting and billing practices; differences between billing cycle and calendar period time frames; and imbalances resulting from the merger of data reporting systems which vary in scope, format, definitions, and type of respondents.

434

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

435

Definition: Bulk Electric System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bulk Electric System Bulk Electric System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Bulk Electric System As defined by the Regional Reliability Organization, the electrical generation resources, transmission lines, interconnections with neighboring systems, and associated equipment, generally operated at voltages of 100 kV or higher. Radial transmission facilities serving only load with one transmission source are generally not included in this definition.[1] Related Terms Regional Reliability Organization, transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Bulk_Electric_System&oldid=48030

436

Definition: Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reflection Survey Seismic reflection surveys image the structure of the subsurface through the measurement of the two way travel time of reflected artificially-generated elastic waves.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Seismic Reflection References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Geophysical-Prospecting-Milton-Dobrin/dp/0071004041 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reflection_Survey&oldid=598371" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

437

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

438

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oxygenate Production Oxygenate Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Captive Refinery Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities located within or adjacent to a refinery complex. Fuel Ethanol An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition. Gasohol A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume. Data on gasohol that has at least 2.7 percent oxygen, by weight, and is intended for sale inside carbon monoxide nonattainment areas are included in data on oxygenated gasoline. Merchant Oxygenate Plants Oxygenate production facilities that are not associated with a petroleum refinery. Production from these facilities is sold under contract or on the spot market to refiners or other gasoline blenders.

439

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country Country Definitions Key Terms Definition Imports Natural Gas received in the Continental United States (including Alaska) from a foreign country. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

440

Definition: Automatic Generation Control | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Automatic Generation Control Automatic Generation Control Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Automatic Generation Control Equipment that automatically adjusts generation in a Balancing Authority Area from a central location to maintain the Balancing Authority's interchange schedule plus Frequency Bias. AGC may also accommodate automatic inadvertent payback and time error correction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms system, power, electricity generation, load, frequency bias, balancing authority, balancing authority area, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inline LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Automatic_Generation_Control&oldid=502513"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

442

Definition: Gas Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Gas Sampling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Gas Sampling Gas sampling is done to characterize the chemical, thermal, and hydrological properties of a surface or subsurface hydrothermal system. Various methods are applied to obtain samples used for determination of the composition of gases present in soils or hydrothermal discharges. The flux of volatile gases emitted from a hydrothermal system can also be determined by measuring the flow of gases at specific locations and comparing it to average background emissions. Anomalously high gas flux can provide an indication of hydrothermal activity at depth that is otherwise not apparent. Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

443

Definition: Congestion Management Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Management Report Management Report Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Congestion Management Report A report that the Interchange Distribution Calculator issues when a Reliability Coordinator initiates the Transmission Loading Relief procedure. This report identifies the transactions and native and network load curtailments that must be initiated to achieve the loading relief requested by the initiating Reliability Coordinator.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms transmission lines, Reliability Coordinator, Interchange Distribution Calculator, transmission line, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Congestion_Management_Report&oldid=502584"

444

Definition: Soil Gas Sampling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Soil Gas Sampling Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Soil Gas Sampling Soil gas sampling is sometimes used in exploration for blind geothermal resources to detect anomalously high concentrations of hydrothermal gases in the near-surface environment. Identification of high concentrations of hydrothermal gas species may indicates the presence of enhanced permeability (faults) and high temperature hydrothermal activity at depth. Soil gas data may also be used to study other important aspects of the geothermal system, such as distinguishing between magmatic and amagmatic sources of heat. The technique may also be used for ongoing monitoring of the geothermal system during resource development and production.

445

Definition: Community Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Wind Community Wind (Redirected from Community Wind) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Community Wind A community owned wind project. The asset can be owned by one or several types of community groups, including: farmers, small business, local groups and organizations, schools and local electric cooperatives and municipal utilities.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms wind energy, wind power, wind turbine References ↑ http://www.windustry.org/community-wind Retri LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. eved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Community_Wind&oldid=585203" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

446

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Number of Producing Gas Wells Number of Producing Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Gas Well A well completed for the production of natural gas from one or more gas zones or reservoirs. Such wells contain no completions for the production of crude oil. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary. Sources Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report" , EIA estimates based on data from the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and predecessor agencies; state agencies; and World Oil Magazine. Background on "Natural Gas Annual" data Natural Gas Survey Forms and Instructions Explanatory Notes Beginning in 2001, the number of Federal offshore Gulf of Mexico producing gas and gas condensate wells is reported separately. For previous years the well counts for the Federal offshore Gulf of Mexico were included in the well counts

447

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Point of Exit Point of Exit Definitions Key Terms Definition Exports Natural Gas deliveries out of the Continental United States and Alaska to foreign countries. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas (primarily methane) that has been liquefied by reducing its temperature to -260 degrees Fahrenheit at atmospheric pressure. Pipeline A continuous pipe conduit, complete with such equipment as valves, compressor stations, communications systems, and meters, for transporting natural and/or supplemental gas from one point to another, usually from a point in or beyond the producing field or processing plant to another pipeline or to points of use. Also refers to a company operating such facilities. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

448

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Used as Feedstock for Hydrogen Production Natural Gas Used as Feedstock for Hydrogen Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Hydrogen The lightest of all gases, occurring chiefly in combination with oxygen in water; exists also in acids, bases, alcohols, petroleum, and other hydrocarbons. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts Geographic aggregations of the 50 States and the District of Columbia into five districts by the Petroleum Administration for Defense in 1950. These districts were originally defined during World War II for purposes of administering oil allocation. Description and maps of PAD Districts and Refining Districts. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

449

OSCARS.wsdl - OSCARS Service definition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wsdl - OSCARS Service definition wsdl - OSCARS Service definition Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Server api Client api WSDL files OSCARS.wsdl - OSCARS Service definition OSCARS.xsd - Types used in service messages OSCARS-Notify.wsdl - OSCARS Notify Broker service defintion nmtopo-ctrlp.xsd - Types used for path specification and topology exchange Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US)

450

Definition: Net generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net generation Net generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Net generation Equal to gross generation less electrical energy consumed at the generating station(s).[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electricity generation, Gross generation, power, gross generation References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#N ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=N Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Net_generation&oldid=480320" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

451

Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy security has been an actively studied area in recent years. Various facets have been covered in the literature. Based on a survey of 104 studies from 2001 to June 2014, this paper reports the findings on the following: energy security definitions, changes in the themes of these definitions, energy security indexes, specific focused areas and methodological issues in the construction of these indexes, and energy security in the wider context of national energy policy. It is found that the definition of energy security is contextual and dynamic in nature. The scope of energy security has also expanded, with a growing emphasis on dimensions such as environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. Significant differences among studies are observed in the way in which energy security indexes are framed and constructed. These variations introduce challenges in comparing the findings among studies. Based on these findings, recommendations on studying energy security and the construction of energy security indexes are presented.

B.W. Ang; W.L. Choong; T.S. Ng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Chapter 2 - Definitions of Cyber Terrorism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The term cyber terror appeared for the first time in the mid-eighties. Since then the notion has been misused a number of times by journalists and politicians. It does not help that cyber terror does not have a clear, agreed definition. This chapter first analyses the background of the confusion. Secondly, the chapter provides a definition of cyber terrorism which aligns with national definitions of terrorism. From this, it becomes clear that no act of cyber terror has yet occurred. We need to be prepared however as the increasing societal critical reliance on ICT will make ICT systems and services as well as embedded ICT an interesting target for future terrorists.

Eric Luiijf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Definition: Smart grid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart grid Smart grid Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Smart grid A term used to describe the digital technology that allows for two-way communication between the utility and its customers, and the sensing along the transmission lines, and other technologies that have been (or are planned to be) applied to the existing electric grid. The computer processing, remote control, and automation processes used by the smart grid have been employed by other industries for decades. The technological changes and associated digital devices are beginning to be used both by the electric utilities and by electricity consumers.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available. Related Terms Electric grid, Electricity generation, transmission

454

Definition: Brayton cycle | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Brayton cycle Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Brayton cycle A thermodynamic cycle using constant pressure, heat addition and rejection. Fuel and a compressor are used to heat and increase the pressure of a gas; the gas expands and spins the blades of a turbine, which, when connected to a generator, generates electricity.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Brayton cycle is a thermodynamic cycle that describes the workings of a constant pressure heat engine. Gas turbine engines and airbreathing jet engines use the Brayton Cycle. Although the Brayton cycle

455

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Capacity Capacity Definitions Key Terms Definition Aquifer Storage Field A sub-surface facility for storing natural gas, consisting of water-bearing sands topped by an impermeable cap rock. Depleted Reservoir Storage Field A sub-surface natural geological reservoir, usually a depleted gas or oil field, used for storing natural gas. Natural Gas A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane. Salt Dome Storage Field (Salt Cavern) A storage facility that is a cavern hollowed out in either a salt "bed" or "dome" formation. Storage Capacity The present developed maximum operating capacity. Working Gas Capacity The volume of total natural gas storage capacity that contains natural gas available for withdrawal. For definitions of related energy terms, refer to the EIA Energy Glossary.

456

Definition: Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Cement Bond Log Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cement Bond Log A representation of the integrity of the cement job, especially whether the cement is adhering solidly to the outside of the casing. The log is typically obtained from one of a variety of sonic-type tools. The newer versions, called cement evaluation logs, along with their processing software, can give detailed, 360-degree representations of the integrity of the cement job, whereas older versions may display a single line representing the integrated integrity around the casing.[1] Related Terms Acoustic Logs References ↑ Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Digg

458

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

459

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

460

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Area Area Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

462

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Number of Consumers Number of Consumers Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Also included in industrial consumption are generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

463

Definition: Electrical Profiling Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Profiling Configurations Profiling Configurations Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical profiling is a DC resistivity survey which aims to trace lateral variations in the apparent resistivity structure of the subsurface. Traditionally, electrical profiling provides qualitative information of relative apparent resistivity values in order to detect anomalous geological features.[1] Also Known As Electrical mapping References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Electric-Borehole-Geophysics-Geochemistry/dp/0444529942 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Electrical_Profiling_Configurations&oldid=596184" Category: Definitions

464

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low-Speed Vehicle Low-Speed Vehicle Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low-Speed Vehicle Definition A low-speed vehicle is defined as a limited use automobile or truck that has a maximum speed greater than 20 miles per hour (mph) but not more than

465

Category:Smart Grid Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Smart Grid Definitions Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Looking for the Smart Grid Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the Smart Grid Glossary. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. I [×] ISGAN Definitions‎ 238 pages Pages in category "Smart Grid Definitions" The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. C Definition:Circuit Peak Load Management Definition:Critical Peak Pricing D Definition:Distribution Management System F Definition:Fault Current Limiter

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Public Utility Public Utility Definition Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition Exemption An entity that owns, controls, operates, or manages a plant or facility

467

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E85 Tax Rate and E85 Tax Rate and Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Tax Rate and Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Tax Rate and Definition The minimum motor vehicle fuel tax rate on E85 is $0.17 per gallon, compared to the conventional motor fuel tax rate of $0.24 per gallon. E85

468

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

469

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels and Green Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions Advanced biofuels are defined as fuels derived from any cellulose,

470

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Blended Fuel Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blended Fuel Definition Ethanol blended fuel, such as gasohol, is defined as any gasoline blended with 10% or more of anhydrous ethanol. (Reference Idaho Statutes 63-240

471

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester

472

The definitive guide for Canadian students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The definitive guide for Canadian students #12;Where We Are Newcastle Leeds Manchester Birmingham with University buildings interspersed throughout. The town really is our campus! There are regular flights). To fly directly to Scotland from Canada you can depart from Calgary, Toronto and Vancouver. For details

Brierley, Andrew

473

Business Practice Manual for Definitions & Acronyms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Janaury 21, 2011 #12;CAISO Business Practice Manual BPM for Definitions & Acronyms Version 76 Last Revised: March 31, 2009 BPM Owner: Mike Dozier BPM Owner's Title: Senior Counsel Revision History Version Date Description 2 2009-12-18 Incorporating payment acceleration language submitted in BPM PRR 122

Tesfatsion, Leigh

474

1. Introduction 1.1. Forest definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests), conifer high forest (24 %), coppice (11 %) and coppice with stan- dards (37 %). Most protected1. Introduction 1.1. Forest definitions For the French land-cover survey (Teruti) a wood- land or forest is"a vegetation type with a tree cover of 10 per cent or more". In the case of young trees

Helsinki, University of

475

2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions and Assumptions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This 13-page document provides definitions and assumptions used in the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (MECS 2010)

476

Implications of Hadleys Definition of Systematicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the ongoing debate between connectionists and proponents of the LOT Hadley [2] has contributed a new definition...

Nico Bakker

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted a resolution that not only accepted a long-term strat-egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral application of EU legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric pollution, airliners cross many borders and fly through many regula- tory jurisdictions a long-term strat- egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral-standing disagreement between in- dustrialized and developing countries about preventing climate change. Secondly

Sibille, Etienne

478

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition - Internal Revenue Code on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

479

Definition: Equipment Health Sensor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sensor Sensor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Health Sensor Monitoring devices that automatically measure and communicate equipment characteristics that are related to the 'health' and maintenance of the equipment. These characteristics can include, but are not limited to temperature, dissolved gas, and loading. These devices can also automatically generate alarm signals if the equipment characteristics reach critical or dangerous levels.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Health_Sensor&oldid=502526

480

Definition: Deferred Generation Capacity Investments | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generation Capacity Investments Generation Capacity Investments Utilities and grid operators ensure that generation capacity can serve the maximum amount of load that planning and operations forecasts indicate. The trouble is, this capacity is only required for very short periods each year, when demand peaks. Reducing peak demand and flattening the load curve should reduce the generation capacity required to service load and lead to cheaper electricity for customers.[1] Related Terms load, electricity generation, peak demand, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Deferred_Generation_Capacity_Investments&oldid=50257

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition excludes fans" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Definition: Intermediate Balancing Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intermediate Balancing Authority Intermediate Balancing Authority Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Intermediate Balancing Authority A Balancing Authority Area that has connecting facilities in the Scheduling Path between the Sending Balancing Authority Area and Receiving Balancing Authority Area and operating agreements that establish the conditions for the use of such facilities.[1] Related Terms Balancing Authority, Balancing Authority Area, Scheduling Path, Sending Balancing Authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inli LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ne Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Intermediate_Balancing_Authority&oldid=502634"

482

Definition: Emergency Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emergency Rating Emergency Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Emergency Rating The rating as defined by the equipment owner that specifies the level of electrical loading or output, usually expressed in megawatts (MW) or Mvar or other appropriate units, that a system, facility, or element can support, produce, or withstand for a finite period. The rating assumes acceptable loss of equipment life or other physical or safety limitations for the equipment involved.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Emergency_Rating&oldid=480317" Categories:

483

Definition: Dynamic Pricing Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pricing Program Pricing Program Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Pricing Program Dynamic pricing refers to the family of rates that offer customers time-varying electricity prices on a day-ahead or real-time basis.[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/dynamic_pricing_program [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Pricing_Program&oldid=502620" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

484

Definition: Base Load | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Load Load Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Base Load The minimum amount of electric power delivered or required over a given period at a constant rate.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Baseload (also base load, or baseload demand) is the minimum amount of power that a utility or distribution company must make available to its customers, or the amount of power required to meet minimum demands based on reasonable expectations of customer requirements. Baseload values typically vary from hour to hour in most commercial and industrial areas. Related Terms electricity generation, power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from

485

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Charge Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600º to 750º F (depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products) and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Barrels Per Calendar Day The amount of input that a distillation facility can process under usual operating conditions. The amount is expressed in terms of capacity during a 24-hour period and reduces the maximum processing capability of all units at the facility under continuous operation (see Barrels per Stream Day) to account for the following limitations that may delay, interrupt, or slow down production:

486

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Definitions Key Terms Definition Aviation Gasoline (Finished) A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline. Gas Plant Operator Any firm, including a gas plant owner, which operates a gas plant and keeps the gas plant records. A gas plant is a facility in which natural gas liquids are separated from natural gas or in which natural gas liquids are fractionated or otherwise separated into natural gas liquid products or both. For the purposes of this survey, gas plant operator data are contained in the refiner categories.

487

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton. Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Blending Plant A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

488

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries Definitions Key Terms Definition Alkylate The product of an alkylation reaction. It usually refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gasoline. Aromatics Hydrocarbons characterized by unsaturated ring structures of carbon atoms. Commercial petroleum aromatics are benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX). Asphalt A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

489

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Plant Net Stocks Natural Gas Plant Net Stocks Definitions Key Terms Definition Barrel A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons. Butylene (C4H8) An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes. Ethane (C2H6) A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of -127.48º F. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams. Isobutane (C4H10) A normally gaseous branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of 10.9º F. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) A group of hydrocarbon-based gases derived from crude oil refining or nautral gas fractionation. They include: ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. For convenience of transportation, these gases are liquefied through pressurization.

490

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption Topic: Delivered for the Account of Others Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial Consumption Gas used by nonmanufacturing establishments or agencies primarily engaged in the sale of goods or services. Included are such establishments as hotels, restaurants, wholesale and retail stores and other service enterprises; gas used by local, State, and Federal agencies engaged in nonmanufacturing activities. Delivered for the Account of Others Gas that is not owned by the company that delivers it to the consumer. These deliveries include quantities covered by long-term contracts and gas involved in short-term or spot market sales. Industrial Consumption Natural gas used for heat, power, or chemical feedstock by manufacturing establishments or those engaged in mining or other mineral extraction as well as consumers in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Also included in industrial consumption are generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the above-mentioned industrial activities.

491

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Reserves Proved Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Acquisitions The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties, from the date of purchase or transfer. Adjustments The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State subdivision of the following form: Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions + New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production = Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve changes, could contribute to adjustments.

492

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type Definitions Key Terms Definition Commercial/Institutional An energy-consuming sector that consists of service-providing facilities and equipment of: businesses; Federal, State, and local governments; and other private and public organizations, such as religious, social, or fraternal groups. The commercial sector includes institutional living quarters. It also includes sewage treatment facilities. Common uses of energy associated with this sector include space heating, water heating, air conditioning, lighting, refrigeration, cooking, and running a wide variety of other equipment. Note: This sector includes generators that produce electricity and/or useful thermal output primarily to support the activities of the above-mentioned commercial establishments.

493

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil Definitions Key Terms Definition Composite The weighted average of domestic and imported crude oil costs. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

494

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Footage Drilled for Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wells Definitions Key Terms Definition Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

495

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Nonproducing Reserves Proved Nonproducing Reserves Definitions Key Terms Definition Associated Dissolved Gas The combined volume of natural gas which occurs in crude oil reservoirs either as free gas (associated) or as gas in solution with crude oil (dissolved). Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in the liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Crude oil may also include: Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in the gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators, and that subsequently are comingled with the crude stream without being separately measured.

496

Definition: Solar cell | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar cell Solar cell (Redirected from Definition:PV cell) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar cell Converts light into electrical energy. Traditional solar cells are made from silicon; second-generation solar cells (thin-film solar cells) are made from amorphous silicon or nonsilicon materials such as cadmium telluride; and third-generation solar cells are being made from variety of new materials, including solar inks, solar dyes, and conductive plastics.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A solar cell (also called a photovoltaic cell) is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect. It is a form of photoelectric cell (in that its electrical characteristics-e.g. current, voltage, or resistance-vary

497

Definition: Transmission Line | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Line Line (Redirected from Definition:Transmission lines) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Line A system of structures, wires, insulators and associated hardware that carry electric energy from one point to another in an electric power system. Lines are operated at relatively high voltages varying from 69 kV up to 765 kV, and are capable of transmitting large quantities of electricity over long distances.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An overhead power line, also known as a "pylon" in some areas, is a structure used in electric power transmission and distribution to transmit electrical energy along large distances. It consists of one or more conductors (most often three or four) suspended by towers or utility poles. Since most of the insulation is provided by air, overhead power lines are

498

Toolkit Definitions | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Toolkit Definitions The following are definitions for common terms used within the adoption, compliance, and enforcement toolkits. Building code refers to a law or regulation used by state or local governments that establishes specifications for the design and construction of residential or commercial buildings. Building codes help ensure that new and existing residential and commercial structures meet minimum health, safety, and performance standards. In addition, building codes offer a baseline to which structures can be compared. Code adoption refers to the vehicle that establishes code requirements and their administration. Adoption can be mandatory, voluntary, or a combination of the two. The means of adoption vary with respect to the

499

Definition: Electric generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

generator generator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric generator A device for converting mechanical energy to electrical energy. Note: The EIA defines "electric generator" as a facility rather than as a device; per the EIA definition, examples include electric utilities and independent power producers.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electricity generation, an electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. A generator forces electric current to flow through an external circuit. The source of mechanical energy may be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine, water falling through a turbine or waterwheel, an internal combustion engine, a wind turbine, a hand crank, compressed air, or any other source of

500

Definition: Customer System Communications Network | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System Communications Network System Communications Network Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Customer System Communications Network The communications network or networks between the customers' premise and the utility, designed to provide two-way communications between customer systems and utility information systems. These networks can utilize wired or wireless connections, and can be utility-owned or provided as services by a third party.[1] Related Terms system References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/customer_system_communications_network [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Customer_System_Communications_Network&oldid=480382"