Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

API gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API gravity [The standard American Petroleum Institute method for specifying the density of crude petroleum. The density in degrees API is 141.5/P – 131.5...] ? (Roh)Öldichte f in API-Graden

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

API Gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n Measure of specific gravity of petroleum and petroleum products, defined by the following equation: $$\\eqalign{{\\rm{API\\,\\,Gravity,\\,\\,degrees }}...

Jan W. Gooch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

4

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

5

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity API Gravity (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 98.76 98.37 96.70 102.63 102.06 101.99 1993-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 99.08 99.72 98.54 104.51 105.09 104.96 1993-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 92.00 92.67 90.95 98.83 98.56 98.41 1993-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 99.63 98.18 97.56 103.78 106.39 106.16 1993-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 93.89 94.99 94.59 103.04 104.77 104.20 1993-2013 40.0º or Greater 93.16 93.61 92.04 100.24 101.89 100.83 1993-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

6

API gravity ranges of EIA-182 crude streams  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity Ranges of Selected Crude Streams, EIA-182 Gravity 20 or less Alabama Heavy Ca - Coalinga Ca - Cymric Ca - Kern River Ca - Lost Hills Ca - Midway-Sunset Ca OCS - Hondo...

7

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

8

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

9

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

10

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

11

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

12

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

13

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

14

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

15

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

16

,"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity" API Gravity" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity",6,"Monthly","9/2013","10/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/2/2013 3:15:39 AM"

17

API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API, anteceding precipitation index, antecedent precipitation index [The amount of moisture in a drainage basin before a storm] ? Vorniederschlag(s)index m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Definition: Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Gravity Survey The ground gravitational method is the study of the distribution of mass in the subsurface with the observation point at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A gravity anomaly is the difference between the observed acceleration of a planet's gravity and a value predicted from a model. A location with a positive anomaly exhibits more gravity than predicted, while a negative anomaly exhibits a lower value than predicted. References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Geophysical-Field-Theory-Three-Volume-Gravitational/dp/0124020410 Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

19

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

20

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

22

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

23

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity API Gravity Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

24

A correlation of water solubility in jet fuels with API gravity: aniline point percent aromatics, and temperature.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CORRELATION OF WATER SOLUBILITY IN JET FUELS WITH API GRAVITY, ANILINE POINT PERCENT AROMATICS, AND TEMPERATURE A Thesis By ALONZO B YINGTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, 1964 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A CORRELATION OF MATER SOLUBILITT IH JET FUELS WITS API GEAVITT, ANILINE POINT, PERCENT ARONATICS, AND TENPERATURE A Thesis By ALOHZO BYIHGTOH Approved...

Byington, Alonzo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

25

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Qualities of Crude Oil Input Qualities of Crude Oil Input Definitions Key Terms Definition API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it is calculated as follows: Degrees API = (141.5 / (sp. gr. 60ºF / 60ºF)) - 131.5 The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

26

Web API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we describe the Web API feature, which is a new addition to ... and easily create Web services that provide an API to HTTP clients, known as Web APIs...

Adam Freeman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

API unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API unit [An arbitrary unit of the American Petroleum Institute for measuring natural radioactivity; used in certain well logging methods] ? API-Einheit f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

drip gas, as well as liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gil- sonite, and oil shale. Excludes topped crude oil, resid- ual oil, other unfinished oils, and liquids...

29

API Architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We first summarize the desirable properties that arise when a Module-IEE API for running custom code in the isolated...is available to application developers. Module-IEE APIs for secure storage enable developers ...

Amit Vasudevan; Jonathan M. McCune…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Study of an API Migration for Two XML APIs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API migration refers to adapting an application such that its dependence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source and target APIs ...

Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei; Krzysztof Czarnecki…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Win32API Interceptor Final Report Win32API Interceptor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Win32API Interceptor Final Report Win32API Interceptor A Microsoft Windows API function calls Interception application Final Report 1 #12;Win32API Interceptor Final Report Table of contents Table...................................................................................................... 15 Win32API Interceptor

Segall, Adrian

32

Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor Monitoring Windows API callsMonitoring Windows API calls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor Monitoring Windows API callsMonitoring Windows API calls using the Detours technology, that was developed by Microsoft researchers. #12;Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor ­­ ArchitectureArchitecture Win32API Interceptor (MS Access Data Base) Dll

Segall, Adrian

33

IPSJ SIG Technical Report RP2 OSCAR API API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPSJ SIG Technical Report OSCAR API 1 1 1 1 1 1 OSCAR SH4A 8 RP2 OSCAR API API RP2 8 SPEC CPU 2000 ART 1.16 1. 64 80 1 [7][8] , [9] 1 1 Waseda Universoty [10] OSCAR [1] [5] RP-2 [6] OSCAR OSCAR API[2] OSCAR API OSCAR API [3] OSCAR API API RP-2 c 1959 Information Processing Society of Japan 1 #12;IPSJ SIG

Kasahara, Hironori

34

GSS- API versus AU-API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Im folgenden ist zu überlegen, inwieweit sich die anwendungsunabhängige Schnittstelle von Plasma an die GSS-API anlehnt, und worin sie sich von dieser...

Annette Krannig

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

MediaWiki API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ********************************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API **

36

MediaWiki API  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ****************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API ** ** **

37

Evolving the API Universe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previous chapter tried to prove that maintaining a library with an API is not more costly than maintaining code without an API. However, that doesn’t mean that ... you’ll simplify your life by adding an API t...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Google SOAP API Google API Teil II / berblick CVS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Google SOAP API CVS Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS Projektgruppe 520 Rafael Koloch 12. Oktober 2007 Rafael Koloch Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS #12;Google SOAP API CVS Webservice Denition Webservice Aufruf Webservice Ergebnis auswerten Demonstration Ã?berblick Google API: Denition des Web

Morik, Katharina

39

Biogeography of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogeography of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea H. Randall HEPBURN 1 of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea, are defined and mapped. The analysis is based barrier to gene flow for the then evolving proto-populations of A. andreniformis and A. florea. Apis

40

Web Service Interface (API)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Rise of the API’s The Rise of the API’s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) have been as old as structural programming languages and anyone who is a programmer has used them. According to Wikipedia, APIs are a specification to be used as interfaces by software components to communicate with each other. APIs have served to communicate and integrate components and applications locally and remotely. SOAP Web Services vs. REST APIs Web services are currently the primary means of exposing APIs over the web. SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) and REST (Representational State Transfer) are the technologies used to do so. While SOAP is more suitable for enterprise-wide business services, REST is being preferred for B2B use and exposing simpler CRUD (Create Retrieve Update Delete) operations. SOAP based web services are more suitable for composing multiple (fine-grained) web services that can perform business operations such as checking availability of products, notifying the manufacturing application, providing status updates etc. Since REST services are meant to be invoked when a particular URI is accessed, they are modeled to be more or less atomic. They perform operations such as search (retrieval), insert, update or deleting records. These are viewed and referred to as APIs. In common parlance, APIs now mean REST based web services while the term “Web Services ” by itself denotes SOAP based web services. API Explosion on the web Organizations have been looking to become more transparent and share data and services on the web. By using APIs, they have been able to provide data/services that can be used in other web applications or to build Mashups, which are web applications that are composed of web APIs. Some of the popular use cases for APIs are: Social networking services Product reviews, catalogs and shopping Advertising management Information on specific industries such as construction and real estate Shipment tracking and shipping Credit card validation and payment processing Traffic and weather updates File, video and image sharing

A. Danesh; Hussain Zaki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Study of an API Migration for Two XML APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. API migration refers to adapting an application such that its dependence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source and target APIs serving the same domain. One may attempt to automate API migration by code transformation or wrapping of some sort. API migration is relatively well understood for the special case where source and target APIs are essentially different versions of the same API. API migration is much less understood for the general case where the two APIs have been developed more or less independently of each other. The present paper exercises a simple instance of the general case and develops engineering techniques towards the mastery of API migration. That is, we study wrapper-based migration between two prominent XML APIs for the Java platform. The migration follows an iterative and test-driven approach and allows us to identify, classify, and measure various differences between the studied APIs in a systematic way. 1

Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei; Krzysztof Czarnecki; Ralf Lämmel; Tijs Van Der Storm

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The COCONUT API Version 2.32  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The COCONUT API Version 2.32 Reference Manual Hermann Schichl University of Vienna, Department Contents 1 COCONUT API Namespace Index 1 2 COCONUT API Hierarchical Index 1 3 COCONUT API Compound Index 8 4 COCONUT API File Index 12 5 COCONUT API Namespace Documentation 15 6 COCONUT API Class

Schichl, Hermann

44

Author manuscript, published in "Information and Software Technology (2011)" DOI: 10.1016/j.infsof.2011.09.006 API2MoL: Automating the building of bridges between APIs and Model- Driven Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. A software artefact typically makes its functionality available through a specialized Application Programming Interface (API) describing the set of services offered to client applications. In fact, building any software system usually involves managing a plethora of APIs, which complicates the development process. In Model-Driven Engineering (MDE), where models are the key elements of any software engineering activity, this API management should take place at the model level. Therefore, tools that facilitate the integration of APIs and MDE are clearly needed. Objective. Our goal is to automate the implementation of API-MDE bridges for supporting both the creation of models from API objects and the generation of such API objects from models. In this sense, this paper presents the API2MoL approach, which provides a declarative rule-based language to easily write mapping definitions to link API specifications and the metamodel that represents them. These definitions are then executed to convert API objects into model elements or vice versa. The approach also allows both the metamodel and the mapping to be automatically obtained from the API specification (bootstrap process). Method. After implementing the API2MoL engine, its correctness was validated using several APIs.

Javier Luis; Cánovas Izquierdo; Frédéric Jouault; Jordi Cabot; Jesús García Molina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

API API Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 31 May, 2013 - 12:04 Lighting Electricity Rates on OpenEI API Utility Rates Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live!

46

Definitions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Definitions Definitions Definitions Below are a few small business procurement definitions as stated by the Small Business Administration and the Federal Acquisition Regulation. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email Get clarity on common terms (and is your business defined by one?) Small business An independently owned and operated entity Not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on government contracts Meets any applicable criteria concerning number of employees or annual receipts established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). Concerns are "affiliates" when one either controls or has the power to control the other or when a third party (or parties) controls or has the power to control both. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

47

The WebSocket API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter introduces you to the WebSocket Application Programming Interface (API), which you can use to control ... we examine the building blocks of the WebSocket API, including its events, methods, and attri...

Vanessa Wang; Frank Salim; Peter Moskovits

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The PayPal API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2004, PayPal opened up a range of functionality to developers with the release of the first version of the PayPal API. For those unfamiliar with the term, “API” stands for application programming interface. Wi...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Study of an API migration for two XML APIs Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1, Krzysztof Czarnecki1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study of an API migration for two XML APIs Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1, Krzysztof Czarnecki1, Ralf L Abstract. API migration refers to adapting an application such that its depen- dence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

50

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 15:25 data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development. As part of this path forward, REEEP has developed a 'Content Pool' surrounding their original term extraction API. The idea behind the content pool is that, when contributing agencies submit content to the pool via the API, they'll receive extracted energy keywords, relevant thesaurus definitions, and a link of other content with similar result sets. Florian Bauer, featured in the video, describes how the reegle tagging api

51

Cooperative wasp-killing by mixed-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperative wasp-killing by mixed-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera Ken-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera, were tested against a predatory wasp, Vespa velutina / defensive behaviour / mixed species / Apis cerana / Apis mellifera 1. INTRODUCTION Altruism and cooperation

52

Future Challenges for Linked APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. A number of approaches combine the principles and technologies of Linked Data and RESTful services. Services and APIs are thus enriched by, and contribute to, the Web of Data. These resource-centric approaches, referred to as Linked APIs, focus on flexibility and the integration capabilities of Linked Data. We use our experience in teaching students on how to use Linked APIs to identify the existing challenges in the area. Additionally we introduce the LAPIS catalogue, a directory for Linked APIs as basis for the research to address the identified challenges. 1

Steffen Stadtmüller; Sebastian Speiser; Andreas Harth

53

Specifying API Trace Birthmark by Abstract Interpretation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API trace birthmark is a major class of software birthmarks, where API sequences are defined as software birthmarks to ... , an abstract interpretation-based method for specifying API trace birthmark is proposed ...

Ying Zeng; Fenlin Liu; Jian Chen; Bin Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy API Browser | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

keyword or API of interest to center. Selected API information will be displayed below. Alternatively, you can download a CSV with this API data. Last reviewed on 08.23.2013...

55

Api Nova Energia Srl | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Api Nova Energia Srl Jump to: navigation, search Name: Api Nova Energia Srl Place: Roma, Italy Zip: 198 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Develops, builds, finances, acquires, owns...

56

Accelerating Innovation through Modular Design (API)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API scope is not limited to external exposure: ... . Reuse capability is the killer app of API, as demonstrated in Orange and Société Générale...

Nicolas Bry; Richard Hababou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

APIs | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

01 01 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234301 Varnish cache server APIs Home Ianjkalin's picture Submitted by Ianjkalin(84) Contributor 23 September, 2012 - 15:52 Datapalooza Announcements APIs Big Data Datapalooza EDI EERE Open Data OpenEI New data has been liberated! Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers.

58

OpenEI Community - API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rate-database-version-1-api-now-deprecated There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated.OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010.  As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data.

59

An API for ontology alignment Jrme Euzenat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An API for ontology alignment Jérôme Euzenat INRIA Rhône-Alpes, Montbonnot, France, Jerome an implementation of this format as an Alignment API, which can be seen as an extension of the OWL API and shares some design goals with it. We show how this API can be used for effectively aligning ontologies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

Original article Enzymatic equipment of Ascosphaera apis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Enzymatic equipment of Ascosphaera apis and the development of infection — The process of infection of honey bee brood by the fungus Ascosphaera apis was ini- tiated the fungus pierces the cuticle. Ascosphaera apis / Apis mellifera / larval cuticle / penetration / infection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations Hao Zhong1 , Suresh translation of many call sites of API elements (i.e., classes, methods, and fields of API libraries). API source API elements and their equiv- alent target API elements. However, in an API mapping relation

Xie, Tao

62

IDL compiler API design, application and validation based on XML API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to adapt different languages and platforms, the paper discusses how to process and validate IDL symbol table and intermediate code by XML API. It puts emphasis on IDL API extension towards DOM API based ...

Nan Nie; Yansheng Lu; Suzhi Zhang…

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

POSIX Socket API: Connectionless Communication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the previous chapter, you started exploring the POSIX Socket APIs by going through an example of a connection-oriented communication application using the TCP protocol. In this chapter, you will learn how t...

Onur Cinar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Automated analysis of security APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attacks on security systems within the past decade have revealed that security Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) expose a large and real attack surface but remain to be a relatively unexplored problem. In 2000, ...

Lin, Amerson H

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Oil gravity segregation in the Monterey formation, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Monterey Formation is a fractured siliceous shale that is the principal reservoir and source rock for oil fields in the Santa Maria basin and the western Santa Barbara Channel. Monterey crudes in producing offshore fields are high-sulfur oils that range from 10[degrees] to 35[degrees] API. The oils in Monterey fractured reservoirs display a systematic increase in API gravity with increasing height above the oil-water contact. The rate of change in API gravity with depth in Monterey oil fields generally ranges from 0.5[degrees] to 1.2[degrees] API/100 ft. The oil-water contact usually occurs at an oil gravity of 10[degrees] API (the gravity at which the density of the oil and the water is equal). The maximum API gravity in a Monterey oil field is related to the level of thermal exposure experienced by the formation in the adjacent depocenter. Monterey oils are sourced by high-sulfur kerogens that generate heavy oils at low levels of thermal exposure, but generate progressively higher gravity oils at higher levels of thermal maturity. Comparison of the maximum API gravity found in 33 Monterey-sourced oil fields with the maximum temperature experienced by the Monterey Formation within three miles of the field (the most likely migration distance) suggests that a temperature of 260[degrees]F (127[degrees]C) is required to generate 20[degrees] API oil, and a temperature of 330[degrees]F (166[degrees]C) is required to generate 30[degrees] API oil.

Hornafius, J.S. (Mobil Exploration and Producing, Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

QMP: LQCD Message Passing API  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent changes are: (1) There is no longer a logical node number, only a node number which does not change as the logical machine is define. Thus there are two styles of messaging: messages are sent to a node by node number, or messages are sent to a relative (logical) node. (2) Methods related to node numbers have been changed (some dropped, some added). This note presents: (1) the requirements for message passing within Lattice QCD applications; (2) a draft message API for both C and C++; and (3) implementation design ideas. The API is intended to be sufficiently flexible to be used by all Lattice QCD applications, and execute efficiently on all existing and anticipated platforms, so that there is no need to directly call non-portable message passing routines. Because of the highly regular grid communications with LQCD, MPI calls (which are more general) impose some additional overhead that is predicted to be non-negligible for large machines. Depending upon demand, a subset of MPI could be implemented above this new API so that legacy codes which use MPI could function on the new architectures which implement (only) the new API. Further, the new API has been implemented atop MPI so that new applications using this new API can still be run on older machines for which only MPI is available. Interspersed with the API description are some descriptions for how the API could be implemented for myrinet clusters and the QCDOC machine. These are meant to more fully illustrate the functionality, and are not intended as the final design. At the time of writing, the following implementations exist: (1) QMP-GM -- Uses GM; (2) QMP-MPI -- Uses MPI; tested above MPICH-GM, MPICH-SM (shared memory), and MPICH-P4 (sockets).

Jie Chen; Robert Edwards; William Watson

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When creating new application programming interfaces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms of performance (such as speed and memory usage), power (expressiveness, extensibility and evolvability) and usability (learnability, productivity and error prevention). Experienced API designers have written recommendations on how to design APIs, offering their opinions on various API design decisions. Additionally, empirical research has begun to measure the usability tradeoffs of specific design decisions. While previous work has offered specific suggestions, there has not been a clear description of the design space of all possible API design decisions, or the quality attributes that these decisions affect. This paper puts existing API design recommendations into context by mapping out the space of API design decisions and API quality attributes. 1.

Jeffrey Stylos; Brad Myers

68

Multi-dimensional Exploration of API Usage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—This paper is concerned with understanding API usage in a systematic, explorative manner for the benefit of both API developers and API users. There exist complementary, less explorative methods, e.g., based on code search, code completion, or API documentation. In contrast, our approach is highly interactive and can be seen as an extension of what IDEs readily provide today. Exploration is based on multiple dimensions: i) the hierarchically organized scopes of projects and APIs; ii) metrics of API usage (e.g., number of project classes extending API classes); iii) metadata for APIs; iv) project- versus API-centric views. We also provide the QUAATLAS corpus of Java projects which enhances the existing QUALITAS corpus to enable APIusage analysis. We implemented the exploration approach in an

Coen De Roover; Ralf Lämmel; Ekaterina Pek

69

Differential transcriptome profiles of heads from foragers: comparison between Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Differential transcriptome profiles of heads from foragers: comparison between Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis cerana cerana Zhiguo LI 1 , Fang LIU 1 , Wenfeng LI 1 , Shaowu ZHANG 1,2 , Dong NIU 1 in ecology and biology between Apis cerana cerana and Apis mellifera ligustica, we first used the Illumina

70

Improving API Documentation Using API Usage Information Jeffrey Stylos, Andrew Faulring, Zizhuang Yang, Brad A. Myers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving API Documentation Using API Usage Information Jeffrey Stylos, Andrew Faulring, Zizhuang://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jadeite Abstract Jadeite is a new Javadoc-like API documentation system that takes advantage of multiple users' aggre- gate experience to reduce difficulties that program- mers have learning new APIs. Previous

Matsuda, Noboru

71

A Flexible API and Editor for SKOS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a programmatic interface (SKOS API) and editor for working with the Simple Knowledge Organisation System SKOS. The SKOS API has been designed to work with SKOS ... Protege 4 framework using the OWL and...

Simon Jupp; Sean Bechhofer; Robert Stevens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

API Conformance Verification for Java Programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Software components, services, or modules are used via their application programming interface (API). For any sufficiently complex component, there ... and context in which particular methods of the API can be in...

Xin Li; H. James Hoover; Piotr Rudnicki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Introduction to ASP.NET Web API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fact that you are reading this means you are interested in learning something about ASP.NET Web API (application programming interface). Perhaps you are ... to swim a bit deeper into the Web API waters; hence...

Tugberk Ugurlu; Alexander Zeitler; Ali Kheyrollahi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Transparent Resource Management with Java RM API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Multitasking Virtual Machine has been provided with many useful features like Isolation API or Resource Consumption Management API. The latter one can be used to ... resources in Java applications. However, u...

Arkadiusz Janik; Krzysztof Zieli?ski

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

tagging API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 15:25 Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API Reegle and OpenEI...

76

Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

repository. Early work will focus on low-level application programming interfaces (APIs), micro-benchmarks, and mini-applications. Work in the out-years will include APIs and...

77

Towards a Modern Communications API Michael Demmer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Modern Communications API Michael Demmer Kevin Fall Teemu Koponen§ Scott Shenker Abstract We contend that a new networking API could better serve the needs of data- and service-oriented applications, and could more easily map to heterogeneous environments, than the pervasive Sockets API does

78

Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation Peter J. Danielsen and Alan Jeffrey Bell Labs Alcatel-Lucent Naperville, IL, USA Abstract--Many Web APIs (by which we mean ones using HTTP as the application protocol) do not publish a machine- readable API description (in a language such as WADL or WSDL

Jeffrey, Alan

79

Jadeite: Improving API Documentation Using Usage Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jadeite: Improving API Documentation Using Usage Information Abstract Jadeite is a new Javadoc-like API documentation sys- tem that takes advantage of multiple users' aggregate experience to reduce difficulties that programmers have learning new APIs. Previous studies have shown that programmers often

Myers, Brad A.

80

phcpy: an API for PHCpack Jan Verschelde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phcpy: an API for PHCpack Jan Verschelde University of Illinois at Chicago Department Computational Algebraic Geometry Seminar Jan Verschelde (UIC) phcpy: an API for PHCpack 24 January 2013 1 / 27 building on the API for the C programmer code for the Python extension module documentation generated

Verschelde, Jan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Web as an API.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As programmers we have worked with many Application Development Interface API development kits. They are well suited for interaction with a particular system. A vast source of information can be made accessible by using the http protocol through the web as an API. This setup has many advantages including the vast knowledge available on setting web servers and services. Also, these tools are available on most hardware and operating system combinations. In this paper I will cover the various types of systems that can be developed this way, their advantages and some drawbacks of this approach. Index Terms--Application Programmer Interface, Distributed applications, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, Web.

Roman, J. H. (Jorge H.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The IRMIS object model and services API.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relational model developed for the Integrated Relational Model of Installed Systems (IRMIS) toolkit has been successfully used to capture the Advanced Photon Source (APS) control system software (EPICS process variables and their definitions). The relational tables are populated by a crawler script that parses each Input/Output Controller (IOC) start-up file when an IOC reboot is detected. User interaction is provided by a Java Swing application that acts as a desktop for viewing the process variable information. Mapping between the display objects and the relational tables was carried out with the Hibernate Object Relational Modeling (ORM) framework. Work is well underway at the APS to extend the relational modeling to include control system hardware. For this work, due in part to the complex user interaction required, the primary application development environment has shifted from the relational database view to the object oriented (Java) perspective. With this approach, the business logic is executed in Java rather than in SQL stored procedures. This paper describes the object model used to represent control system software, hardware, and interconnects in IRMIS. We also describe the services API used to encapsulate the required behaviors for creating and maintaining the complex data. In addition to the core schema and object model, many important concepts in IRMIS are captured by the services API. IRMIS is an ambitious collaborative effort for defining and developing a relational database and associated applications to comprehensively document the large and complex EPICS-based control systems of today's accelerators. The documentation effort includes process variables, control system hardware, and interconnections. The approach could also be used to document all components of the accelerator, including mechanical, vacuum, power supplies, etc. One key aspect of IRMIS is that it is a documentation framework, not a design and development tool. We do not generate EPICS control system configurations from IRMIS, and hence do not impose any additional requirements on EPICS developers.

Saunders, C.; Dohan, D. A.; Arnold, N. D.; Accelerator Systems Division (APS)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores, and API Standard Translator Keiji Kimura;Current Application Development Environment for Multicores 3 } Parallel API } pthread (SMP) } Old thread } Message Passing API } NO Good API for Low-Power and Real-time Multicores! } Parallelizing Compilers

Kasahara, Hironori

84

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more cloud-like model, digital assets (code, data and software environments) increasingly require curation as web-accessible services. “Service-izing ” digital assets consists of encapsulating assets in software that exposes them to web and mobile applications via well-defined yet flexible, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). In this paper, we postulate that recent advances in cloud computing make cloud platforms as-aservice (PaaS) ideal for deployment, lifecycle management, and policy-based control – i.e. API governance – for extant and future digital assets. Toward this end, we overview API governance as a PaaS technology and outline some early results generated by our investigation of a prototype we are developing, called EAGER, for implementing API governance at scale. Index Terms—API Governance; PaaS; cloud platforms; API similarity;

Ra Krintz; Hiranya Jayathilaka; Stratos Dimopoulos; Er Pucher; Rich Wolski; Tevfik Bultan

85

Performance Tools & APIs | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Storage & File Systems Compiling & Linking Queueing & Running Jobs Data Transfer Debugging & Profiling Performance Tools & APIs Tuning MPI on BGQ Tuning and Analysis...

86

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API error-handling specifications are often not documented, ... , we present a novel framework for mining API error-handling specifications automatically from API client code, without any user input. ... to disti...

Mithun Acharya; Tao Xie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Framework 5 W3C Geolocation API Speci?cation 5.1 User Agentof the W3C Geolocation API Introduction With the advent ofIssues of the W3C Geolocation API What does it do? Google

Doty, Nick; Mulligan, Deirdre K.; Wilde, Erik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

API Chaser: Anti-analysis Resistant Malware Analyzer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API (Application Programming Interface) monitoring is an ... malware using several anti-analysis techniques to evade API monitoring. In this paper, we present our design and implementation of an API monitoring sy...

Yuhei Kawakoya; Makoto Iwamura…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Capitalizing the Designers’ Experience for Improving Web API Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solutions for supporting Web API selection may depend, behind the compliance of ... request (according to user-specified tags, Web API technical features, such as protocols or data formats, Web API categories), o...

Devis Bianchini; Valeria De Antonellis…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

OSCAR APIOSCAR API (C or Fortran) (C or Fortran)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR APIOSCAR API 10.2.261 #12; 10.2.262 #12; (C or Fortran) (C or Fortran) OSCAR OSCAR API OSCAR API API API OpenMP B A SMP 10.2.263 #12;OSCAROSCAR · · · 1 · 2728 29 3031 32 33Data Localization Group ·CPU 10.2.264 #12;OSCAR API v1.0 200811200811 SMP

Kasahara, Hironori

91

Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 assetscoreapiwebinar061413.wmv More Documents & Publications Commercial Building Energy Asset Score...

92

Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report A review of good practice in the provision of machine) Document Name: good_api_JISC_report_v0.8.doc Notes: Acknowledgements UKOLN is funded by the MLA to all those who gave up time to help with the report. Vital to this work were the people who filled

Rzepa, Henry S.

93

Using the HTML5 Web Storage API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we will explore what you can do with HTML5 Web Storage—sometimes referred to as DOMStorage—an API that makes it easy to persist data across web requests. Before the Web Storage API, remote web se...

Peter Lubbers; Brian Albers; Frank Salim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Towards Automated Invocation of Web APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. This paper, targeting the large variety of Web APIs, presents an approach towards automated invocation of Web APIs. This approach applies a data schema, to the SAWSDL lowering schema mapping, a grounding mechanism that connects the ontological representations of Web APIs with their execution messages. It is intuitive to existing standard efforts and effective in coping with the heterogeneities witnessed by a majority of Web APIs. 1. Invocation of Linked Web APIs In recent years, the world of service on the Web has witnessed an increasing dominance of Web APIs over “classical ” Web services characterized by WSDL and SOAP [1]. The Semantic Web Service (SWS) community, aiming to increase the level of automation for tasks like discovery, composition and invocation through semantic descriptions, is challenged by the large variety of Web APIs, particularly when it comes to automated invocation. Not only are Web APIs heterogeneous in the forms of elements essential to their invocation, such as address URI, but they also lack machine processable descriptions to address this heterogeneity [1]. hRESTS, a

Ning Li; Carlos Pedrinaci; Jacek Kopecky; Maria Maleshkova; Dong Liu; John Domingue

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

API Requirements for Dynamic Graph Prediction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given a large-scale time-evolving multi-modal and multi-relational complex network (a.k.a., a large-scale dynamic semantic graph), we want to implement algorithms that discover patterns of activities on the graph and learn predictive models of those discovered patterns. This document outlines the application programming interface (API) requirements for fast prototyping of feature extraction, learning, and prediction algorithms on large dynamic semantic graphs. Since our algorithms must operate on large-scale dynamic semantic graphs, we have chosen to use the graph API developed in the CASC Complex Networks Project. This API is supported on the back end by a semantic graph database (developed by Scott Kohn and his team). The advantages of using this API are (i) we have full-control of its development and (ii) the current API meets almost all of the requirements outlined in this document.

Gallagher, B; Eliassi-Rad, T

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

96

OpenEI Community - tagging API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development.api" target="_blank">read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api#comments data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API OpenEI Community

97

Gravity Methods | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Methods Gravity Methods Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Gravity Methods Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Gravity Methods: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition References No exploration activities found. Document # Analysis Type Applicant Geothermal Area Lead Agency District Office Field Office Mineral Manager Surface Manager Development Phase(s) Techniques NVN-084630 CU Vulcan Energy Patua Geothermal Area BLM Nevada State Office BLM Winnemucca District Office BLM Humboldt River Field Office BLM BLM Geothermal/Exploration Gravity Methods

98

www.hsnlab.hu Security API analysis with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HSNLab www.hsnlab.hu Security API analysis with the applied pi-calculus Ta Vinh Thong, mérnök BME-HIT, , supervisor: Levente Buttyán Dr. Motivation · In real life, security APIs may contain few hundred calls. · API attacks are very subtle. Most of the com- mercially available APIs had flaws

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

99

Web API Verification: Results and Challenges Brown University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web API Verification: Results and Challenges Arjun Guha Brown University Providence, RI arjun Web applications use several APIs to build rich features. For example, the W3C Geolocation API that enables offline access, and the Google Maps API allows applications to embed customized maps. Some

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

100

Using Structure-Based Recommendations to Facilitate Discoverability in APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Structure-Based Recommendations to Facilitate Discoverability in APIs Ekwa Duala the API elements necessary to implement a task are not accessible from the types they are working with. We propose an approach that leverages the structural relationships between API elements to make API methods

Robillard, Martin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka-defined and published interfaces (APIs), as modules in their applications. Public versions of these web APIs emerge to be able to estimate the workload associated with "porting" (or migrating) an application to a new API

California at Santa Barbara, University of

102

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code David Kawrykow and Martin P Programming Interfaces (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not the most effective. We developed a technique and tool support to automatically detect such patterns of API usage

Robillard, Martin

103

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard School of Computer Science (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not efficient. We developed a technique to automatically detect inefficient API usage in software projects. The main hypothesis underlying

Robillard, Martin

104

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie Department}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessi- tating automated present a novel framework for mining API error- handling specifications automatically from API client code

Xie, Tao

105

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs Daniel Ratiu, Jan Jürjens ICPC 12 June 2008 #12;Domain specific APIs reflect the domain knowledge Programs World c b d API reflection of domain Developed program a Domain knowledge Real World #12;APIs' Quality through

Jurjens, Jan

106

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Ta Vinh Thong #12;Contents · HSM and security API · A simplified API · PIN attacks · Challenges · The Spi calculus · My contribution · Automatic analysis · Electronic commerce IBM 4758 VSM Prism #12;What is a Security API ? · to invoke the functions provided

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

107

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 10.54 10.05 12.65 12.19 14.05 14.85 14.24 February ............... 9.32 9.84 12.05 12.95 13.79 14.15 14.30 March .................... 9.60 10.17 12.46 13.55 13.82 14.04 13.70 April ...................... 10.68 11.51 14.36 14.43 15.22 W 15.21 May ....................... 11.45 12.42 14.99 15.80 16.25 15.69 W June ...................... 11.91 13.58 15.99 16.09 17.08 W 17.47 July ....................... 13.01 14.49 16.88 16.64 17.75 16.96 17.61 August .................. 10.66 13.12 14.83 15.57 16.94 W 17.40 September ............ 11.55 12.22 14.73 15.30 15.93 16.09 16.00 October ................. 11.66 13.14 14.93 15.12 16.57 W 16.10 November ............. 11.93 13.08 14.83 15.41 17.02 17.03 16.73 December ............. 12.46 12.67 14.50 14.94 16.03 15.87 16.78 1994 .........................

108

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ............... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March .................... 15.41 16.74 19.23 19.51 20.27 W 21.05 April ...................... 15.57 17.62 20.70 19.82 21.59 W W May ....................... 14.81 16.32 19.02 18.88 19.91 20.09 20.04 June ...................... 14.93 15.97 18.12 18.22 19.21 18.91 W July ....................... 15.44 16.41 18.79 18.86 20.09 20.29 W August .................. 16.18 17.08 19.81 20.11 21.08 20.29 20.89 September ............ 17.99 19.26 21.64 21.73 22.94 W 21.56 October ................. 18.18 20.18 22.92 22.52 24.46 W 23.70 November ............. 17.80 18.94 21.76 22.02 23.59 23.07 W December ............. 18.07 19.22 22.19 21.93 24.41 24.38 24.99 1996 .........................

109

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ............... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March .................... 12.81 13.71 17.11 17.39 18.77 19.71 20.50 April ...................... 12.60 13.90 16.70 16.93 18.84 18.92 W May ....................... 12.22 13.65 16.60 16.49 18.43 18.95 19.50 June ...................... 11.16 12.43 16.00 16.03 17.57 W W July ....................... 10.58 11.85 14.62 15.31 16.71 18.97 17.50 August .................. 11.48 12.09 14.17 15.03 16.64 W 18.55 September ............ 11.81 12.01 14.23 14.49 16.21 16.48 17.04 October ................. 11.17 11.89 14.13 14.93 16.46 16.71 16.61 November ............. 9.61 10.21 13.27 13.92 15.35 16.21 W December ............. 8.93 9.31 11.02 12.03 13.68 14.54 13.55 1993 .........................

110

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 12.46 13.20 15.27 15.78 16.81 15.82 17.02 February ............... 12.97 13.69 16.13 16.28 17.21 17.12 W March .................... 13.46 14.38 16.14 16.87 17.32 16.88 17.86 April ...................... 15.01 15.89 17.65 17.87 18.72 17.87 18.00 May ....................... 15.17 15.91 17.62 17.44 18.68 18.51 18.85 June ...................... 13.75 14.53 16.30 16.35 17.48 18.04 17.72 July ....................... 12.98 13.20 15.28 15.46 16.18 W 16.48 August .................. 12.71 13.46 15.83 15.48 16.47 W 16.46 September ............ 12.85 13.27 15.90 15.55 16.87 W 17.04 October ................. 11.69 12.42 15.05 15.31 16.52 W 16.66 November ............. 12.76 12.85 15.29 16.09 16.99 16.76 17.83 December ............. 13.86 14.23 16.63 16.08 18.14 17.79 W 1995 .........................

111

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 85.39 56.38 71.54 96.89 97.49 95.87 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 84.76 55.68 71.07 93.32 91.32 88.35 1978-2013 25.1 to...

112

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 87.10 54.05 72.40 101.30 102.79 99.40 1993-2013 20.1 to 25.0 91.01 55.66 75.04 103.07 101.56 100.70 1993-2013 25.1...

113

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March ... 12.81 13.71...

114

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

1997 January ... 16.99 18.37 22.62 21.89 24.21 22.07 22.08 February ... 13.75 16.25 20.15 19.27 21.61 21.61 W March ... 13.39 14.96...

115

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 16.20 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 33.87 1978-2013 25.1 to...

116

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1996 January ... 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March ... 15.41 16.74 19.23...

117

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 View History 20.0 or Less 93.24 95.96 96.48 98.51 93.70 88.59 1983-2014 20.1 to 25.0 87.49 88.31 91.10 93.45 90.45 86.28 1983-2014...

118

The JANA Calibrations and Conditions Database API  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Calibrations and conditions databases can be accessed from within the JANA Event Processing framework through the API defined in its JCalibration base class. The API is designed to support everything from databases, to web services to flat files for the backend. A Web Service backend using the gSOAP toolkit has been implemented which is particularly interesting since it addresses many modern cybersecurity issues including support for SSL. The API allows constants to be retrieved through a single line of C++ code with most of the context, including the transport mechanism, being implied by the run currently being analyzed and the environment relieving developers from implementing such details.

David Lawrence

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Flexible API and Editor for SKOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This poster presents a programmatic interface (SKOS API) and plugin for Protégé 4 for editing and working with the Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS). The SKOS API has been designed to work with SKOS models at a high level of abstraction to aid developers of applications that use SKOS. We discuss SKOSEd, a tool for authoring and editing SKOS artefacts. A key aspect to the design of the API and editor is how SKOS relates to OWL and what existing OWL infrastructure can be exploited to work with SKOS. 1.

unknown authors

120

1. GRAPHICS API EVOLUTION AND SHADING LANGUAGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting late 1980s specialized 3D graphics hardware had been included in graphics workstations, in late 1990s almost every desktop PC had 3D graphics accelerator. At present time the GPU has become a standard part of any desktop or mobile computer system. Graphics APIs were developed in parallel with 3D hardware and from generation to generation they were absorbing all new features of hardware. Two major APIs ’ OpenGL and DirectX have significant influence on GPU architecture development as well as GPU technology achievements introduce new functionality to those APIs. This presentation describes the latest history of API and GPU co-development based on personal experience.

Timour Paltashev

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Portals 4 network API definition and performance measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Portals is a low-level network programming interface for distributed memory massively parallel computing systems designed by Sandia, UNM, and Intel. Portals has been designed to provide high message rates and to provide the flexibility to support a variety of higher-level communication paradigms. This project developed and analyzed an implementation of Portals using shared memory in order to measure and understand the impact of using general-purpose compute cores to handle network protocol processing functions. The goal of this study was to evaluate an approach to high-performance networking software design and hardware support that would enable important DOE modeling and simulation applications to perform well and to provide valuable input to Intel so they can make informed decisions about future network software and hardware products that impact DOE applications.

Brightwell, R. B.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

E-Print Network 3.0 - abejas africanizadas apis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA horie,chiba@csg.is.titech.ac.jp API Aspect... J Javadoc API AOP Javadoc API Javadoc 1 API Application Programming Interface...

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - apie visuotin bibliografij Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA horie,chiba@csg.is.titech.ac.jp API Aspect... J Javadoc API AOP Javadoc API Javadoc 1 API Application Programming Interface...

124

API Peer Reviews: A Method for Evaluating Usability of Application Programming Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

API usability tests in the lab are time and resource intensive, thus allowing a relatively small percentage of the API namespace to be evaluated. We describe a group-based usability inspection method – API Peer Reviews – to evaluate API usability. Based on an analysis of usability breakdowns from API Peer Reviews and API usability tests, results show that API Peer Reviews identified breakdowns across several cognitive dimensions, some of which were different than what was identified by API usability tests. We reflect on the adoption of API Peer Reviews as a collaborative practice in organizations for evaluating API usability. Author Keywords API usability, cognitive dimensions, usability inspection.

Umer Farooq; Dieter Zirkler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Joint IEEE - SISCI API Meetings 24 November 1998 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ion Layer. The critical question now is what is the scope of the IEEE and SISCI API ? Both claim to be a distributed shared memory API. Joint IEEE - SISCI API Meetings 24 November 1998 3 2.3.2 SISCI-API highlights and status Hugo Kohmann (Dolphin) reviewed the succssive developments of the SCI test driver, Cluster software, Interconnect Resource Manager (IRM), ,and the layering of the SISCI API software architecture [3]. The SISCI API is a low level API, exports SCI and adapter features (contained in the GENIF layer) to user space without sacrificing bandwidth, hides data structures and is portable (as it is independant of the OS and SCI adapter). Main SISCI features: construction of SCI memory segments, mapping of SCI memory segments, queuing of DMA rtequests, registration of interrupt handlers, triggering of remote interrupt handlers, error checking and barriers, protection and priviledged operations (CSR access). Status: the SISCI API is available on PC/WNT and ported to Linux, ...

Joint Ieee Sisci; Volker Lindenstruth (ieee

126

OpenMP: An API for Portable Shared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OpenMP: An API for Portable Shared Memory Programming Alfred Park February 26, 2003 OpenMP: What: remote memory access (non- local memory) ­ NUMA (clusters, grids) OpenMP: What is it? ! OpenMP API

Sherrill, David

127

OpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application Software Tim Mattson Intel Corporation Standards for parallel programming l Thread Libraries ­ Win32 API - a low level approach. ­ threads

128

How Do Developers React to RESTful API Evolution?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the rapid adoption of REpresentational State Transfer (REST), more software organizations expose their applications as RESTful web APIs and client code developers integrate RESTful APIs into their applicatio...

Shaohua Wang; Iman Keivanloo; Ying Zou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Cloud API Issues: an Empirical Study and Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outages to the cloud infrastructures have been widely publicized and it would be easy to conclude that application developers only need to be concerned with large scale cloud provider infrastructure outages. Unfortunately, this is not the case. In-cloud applications heavily rely on cloud infrastructure APIs (directly or indirectly through scripts and consoles) for many sporadic activities such as deployment change, scaling out/in, backup, recovery and migration. Failures and/or issues around API calls are a large source of faults that could lead to application failures, especially during sporadic activities. Infrastructure outages can also be greatly exacerbated by API-related issues. In this paper we present an empirical study of issues in Amazon EC2 APIs. Some of the major findings around API issues include: 1) A majority (60%) of the cases of API failures are related to “stuck ” API calls or unresponsive API calls. 2) A significant portion (12%) of the cases of API failures are about slow responsive API calls. 3) 19 % of the cases of API failures are related to the output issues of API calls, including failed calls with unclear error messages, as well as missing output, wrong output, and unexpected output of API calls. 4) There are 9 % cases of API failures reporting that their calls (performing some actions and expecting a state change) were pending for a certain time and then returned to the original state without informing the caller properly or the calls were reported to be successful first but failed later. We also classify the causes of API issues and discuss the impact of API issues on application architectures.

Qinghua Lu; Liming Zhu; Len Bass; Xiwei Xu; Zhanwen Li; Hiroshi Wada

130

Implementation of smart antenna API and transceiver API in software communication architecture for a wireless innovation forum standard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an implementation of the standard smart antenna (SA) application programming interface (API) and Transceiver API developed by the wireless innovation forum’s ... smart antenna working group (S...

June Kim; Chiyoung Ahn; Seungwon Choi…

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

UCSD Global Health Minor Field Experiences Academic Programs International (API)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCSD Global Health Minor Field Experiences Academic Programs International (API) Academic Programs International (API) is an educational organization dedicated to providing challenging and enriching study abroad with the goal of helping students grow more self- aware and culturally sensitive. API is committed to providing

Tsien, Roger Y.

132

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos Interface (API)" o Common entry point for access & control" o By client apps and browsers" o Functional Application Programming Interface (API)" o Common entry point for access & control" o By client apps

Bigelow, Stephen

133

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera Keith S Delaplane1 polinización con Apis mellifera Resumen En este capítulo se presenta una síntesis de las recomendaciones para methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera. In V Dietemann; J D Ellis; P Neumann (Eds

Delaplane, Keith S.

134

NEUE ASPEKTE DER PHYLOGENIE INNERHALB DER GATTUNG APIS*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEUE ASPEKTE DER PHYLOGENIE INNERHALB DER GATTUNG APIS* Aspects nouveaux de la phylogenèse du genre Apis Nikolaus KOENIGER Institut für Bienenkunde an der Universität FrankfurilMain, OberursellTs., Im Rothkopf 5 SUMMARY NEW PHYLOGENETIC ASPECTS OF THE GENUS APIS Comparing the four rezent species

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

135

Apis mellifera semen: bacterial contamination and susceptibility to antibiotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apis mellifera semen: bacterial contamination and susceptibility to antibiotics Cecilia Irene ­ The aims of this study were to identify the bacterial genera and species present in semen of Apis mellifera in sperm samples diluted in buffer with antibiotic was similar to that of pure semen. Apis mellifera

136

Type-Based Analysis of Generic Key Management APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type-Based Analysis of Generic Key Management APIs Pedro Ad~ao1,2 , Riccardo Focardi3, Universit`a Ca' Foscari, Venezia, Italy Abstract In the past few years, cryptographic key management APIs. In fact, real APIs provide mechanisms to declare the intended use of keys but they are not strong enough

137

The Implications of Method Placement on API Learnability Jeffrey Stylos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Implications of Method Placement on API Learnability Jeffrey Stylos Carnegie Mellon University@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT To better understand what makes Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) hard to use and how to improve them, recent research has begun studying programmers' strategies and use of APIs. It was found

Myers, Brad A.

138

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer: a cross have devel- oped the OSCAR API Analyzer. It allows programs automatically parallelized by the OSCAR compiler with OSCAR API directives to target many different platforms using just sequential compilers. We

Kasahara, Hironori

139

Automatic Discovery of API-Level Vulnerabilities Vinod Ganapathy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Discovery of API-Level Vulnerabilities Vinod Ganapathy , Sanjit A. Seshia , Somesh Jha-MADISON COMPUTER SCIENCES TECHNICAL REPORT: UW-CS-TR-1512, JULY 2004. Abstract A system is vulnerable to an API-level attack if its security can be compromised by invoking an allowed sequence of operations from its API. We

Ganapathy, Vinod

140

? About Bing API Version 2.0 Getting Started: Using Bing API from a Browser Incorporating Advertisements into Results Using the API from Programmable Environments Appendix: Terms of Use Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This whitepaper introduces Bing API Version 2.0 and provides the information you need to begin developing applications with the API. The paper consists of these sections:

About Bing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

API Design for C++, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of application programming interfaces can affect the behavior, capabilities, stability, and ease of use of end-user applications. With this book, you will learn how to design a good API for large-scale long-term projects. With extensive C++ ...

Martin Reddy

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Web API growing pains: Loosely coupled yet strongly tied  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Web \\{APIs\\} provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction. Developers using web \\{APIs\\} are forced to accompany the API providers in their software evolution tasks. In order to understand the distress caused by this imposition on web API client developers we perform a semi-structured interview with six such developers. We also investigate how major web API providers organize their API evolution, and we explore how this affects source code changes of their clients. Our exploratory qualitative study of the Twitter, Google Maps, Facebook and Netflix web \\{APIs\\} analyzes the state of web API evolution practices and provides insight into the impact of service evolution on client software. In order to complement the picture and also understand how web API providers deal with evolution, we investigate the server-side and client-side evolution of two open-source web APIs, namely VirtualBox and XBMC. Our study is complemented with a set of observations regarding best practices for web API evolution.

Tiago Espinha; Andy Zaidman; Hans-Gerhard Gross

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

OpenEI API listing | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI API listing OpenEI API listing Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 29 June, 2012 - 09:30 developer web services We had an internal OpenEI strategy conversation just this week, and we spoke somewhat indirectly about a list of energy APIs on OpenEI. We have the Energy Hackathon Resource page, but I want to draw energy developers here instead of a plain vanilla page. Wouldn't it be nice to have a list, perhaps a faceted list, of energy APIs, datasets, etc? Well, we might be able to make that happen. I saw http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/06/24/75-new-apis-adobe-amazon-sendgrid-and-yahoo/, which mentioned the OpenEI listing at http://www.programmableweb.com/api/open-energy-information. Perhaps programmableweb would be a great, updated resource for APIs that we could

144

OSCARS.wsdl - OSCARS Service definition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wsdl - OSCARS Service definition wsdl - OSCARS Service definition Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Server api Client api WSDL files OSCARS.wsdl - OSCARS Service definition OSCARS.xsd - Types used in service messages OSCARS-Notify.wsdl - OSCARS Notify Broker service defintion nmtopo-ctrlp.xsd - Types used for path specification and topology exchange Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US)

145

OSCAR API 64 Tilera JPEG XR 55 Optical Flow 30 MPEG2 15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR API TILEPro64 C OSCAR API OSCAR API 64 Tilera TILEPro64 TILEPro64 64 OSCAR TILEPro64 applications on TILEPro64 using OSCAR API for embedded multicore Yohei Kishimoto, Hiroki Mikami, Keiichi Nakano by inserting compiler directives of OSCAR API, which enables parallel processing on the multicore for consumers

Kasahara, Hironori

146

Igniting the OWL 1.1 Touch Paper: The OWL API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Igniting the OWL 1.1 Touch Paper: The OWL API Matthew Horridge1 , Sean Bechhofer1 , and Olaf and implementation of an OWL 1.1 API, herein referred to as the OWL API . The API is designed to facilitate. The API is based on the OWL 1.1 specification and influenced by the experience of designing and using

Biundo, Susanne

147

_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters1 How to Design a Good  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters1 How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters Joshua Bloch Principal Software Engineer #12;_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters2 Why is API Design Important? · APIs can be among a company's greatest assets _ Customers invest heavily: buying, writing

Tomkins, Andrew

148

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1 , Mahdi dimensions of knowledge about APIs so that we can support API migration by wrapping or transformation in new ways. That is, we assess wrapper-based API re-implementations and provide guidance for migrating API

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

149

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and consuming APIs Document details Author: Marieke Guy Date: April 2009 Version: 0.2 (draft) Document Name: good_practice_api_ v0.2.doc by JISC. #12;JISC GOOD APIS REPORT 2 GOOD_PRACTICE_API_20090422.DOC APRIL 2009 Table of Contents 1

Rzepa, Henry S.

150

Aspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for Michihiro Horie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for AspectJ Michihiro Horie Tokyo Institute on application programming interface (API) is essential. The document on the API, which we call the API or library. In this paper, we present a tool named Com- mentWeaver, which generates the API documentation

Chiba, Shigeru

151

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer ETH Zurich Interfaces (APIs). Usability is therefore a funda- mental goal of API design, but rigorous empirical studies of API usability are still relatively uncommon. In this paper, we present the design of an API usability

Meyer, Bertrand

152

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/ kasahara@waseda.jp Tel. 03 APIOSCAR OSCAR OSCAR OSCAR Many-core Chip , , #12;OSCAR API v2.0 · NEDO20081114OSCAR API ver.1.0 22CFortran2 CFortran DMAC OSCAR API ver.2.0OSCAR APIOSCAR API2012425http

Kasahara, Hironori

153

Unified Link Layer API: A generic and open API to manage wireless media access  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the Unified Link Layer API (ULLA) framework: an open and extensible API framework that incorporates a number of requirements related to a wide range of applications, including multi-mode and cross-layer optimisation scenarios. This work has been mainly motivated by the complexity and interoperability problems related to the large number of wireless \\{APIs\\} available today. ULLA provides database and object oriented service abstractions to applications through a generic query mechanism, a method to setup asynchronous notifications and a command interface. It encapsulates link level heterogeneity by defining a unified model for link technologies. We describe design details, various implementation options and discuss how the proposed ULLA design provides an extensible, scalable and platform independent framework, enabling seamless link access and control in various types of device platforms. Application programming using ULLA is illustrated using code examples. Numerous usage scenarios for ULLA are presented, highlighting unified access to heterogeneous link standards while encouraging application innovation.

Mahesh Sooriyabandara; Tim Farnham; Costas Efthymiou; Matthias Wellens; Janne Riihijärvi; Petri Mähönen; Alain Gefflaut; José Antonio Galache; Diego Melpignano; Arthur van Rooijen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Article original Diffrenciation par le systme API 50 CH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article original Différenciation par le système API 50 CH et électrophorèse des mycoplasmes Marcy-l'Ã?toile, France (Reçu le 15 janvier 1991; accepté le 11 juin 1991) Résumé ― Le système API'aspect des colonies lors de l'isolement, ainsi que les résultats fournis par le système API 50 CH ont permis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

155

3.1 Pseudo-Random Function API Extension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With network security measures becoming more and more complicated, it became essential to provide programmers with the capability to write applications that are generic with respect to security. The Common Authentication Technology (CAT) Working Group of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) acknowledged this need and developed the Generic Security Service Application Programming Interface (GSS-API). After ten years of experience with GSS-API, the Kitten (GSS-API Next Generation) Working Group was formed to continue this development. This paper looks at the current issues that Kitten faces in improving the GSS-API.

Jp Hong

156

On The Roles of APIs in the Coordination of Collaborative Software Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and J. Pei (2006). MAPO: Mining API usages from open sourceAutomatic evaluation of API usability using complexityThe factory pattern in API design: A usability evaluation.

Souza, Cleidson R.; Redmiles, David F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Paramics API Development Document for Actuated Signal, Signal Coordination and Ramp Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

etc. The current ramp API could be extended by theprovided by this actuated ramp API. Reference: 1. McShane,that the correct way to do the API programming for actuated

Liu, Henry X.; Chu, Lianyu; Recker, Will

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

COMPARING THE XAM API WITH FILE SYSTEM PROGRAMMING STEPHEN J. TODD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPARING THE XAM API WITH FILE SYSTEM PROGRAMMING BY STEPHEN J. TODD B.S.C.S. , University of New ................................................................................ 3 2. THE XAM API TO THE FILE SYSTEM API............................................ 37 6. XAM BENEFITS VERSUS THE FILE SYSTEM

New Hampshire, University of

159

Access to the University of California for Graduates of Low-API High Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Graduates of Low-API High Schools By Lisa Chavez andon the 2004 California Academic Performance Index (API).The API is an accountabil- ity measurement of school

Chavez, Lisa; Arredondo, Gabino

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Proposal of MMI-API and Library for JavaScript  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a multimodal interaction API (MMI-API) and a library for the development of web-based multimodal applications. The API and library enable us to embed synchronized ... and actions of dialogue a...

Kouichi Katsurada; Taiki Kikuchi…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application Programming Interfaces (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse software libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage of an API. This paper presents the design and the results of an empirical study on the directives of API documentation of object-oriented libraries. Its main contribution is to propose and extensively discuss a taxonomy of 23 kinds of API directives.

Monperrus, Martin; Tekes, Elif; Mezini, Mira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Proposed BackBone API Preliminary Draft v1.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Trek Proposed BackBone API Preliminary Draft v1.0 Table of Contents 1.0) API diagram / Introduction 2.0) Requirements 3.0) Class skeletons 4.0) Isp Examples 4.1) Domain Inbound API example 4.2) SDD Inbound API example 4.3) SDD Outbound API example 4.4) ItsFrame Inbound API example 4.5) ItsFrame Outbound

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera hymenoptera Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: (20) 47. Hymenoptera: Apidae Apis mellifera e Melipona spp., Trigona spp. n Panama 6 - Experimental... Displacement 64 October 11, 2002 48. Hymenoptera: Apidae Apis...

164

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—When APIs evolve, clients make corresponding changes to their applications to utilize new or updated APIs. Despite the benefits of new or updated APIs, developers are often slow to adopt the new APIs. As a first step toward understanding the impact of API evolution on software ecosystems, we conduct an in-depth case study of the co-evolution behavior of Android API and dependent applications using the version history data found in github. Our study confirms that Android is evolving fast at a rate of 115 API updates per month on average. Client adoption, however, is not catching up with the pace of API evolution. About 28 % of API references in client applications are outdated with a median lagging time of 16 months. 22 % of outdated API usages eventually upgrade to use newer API versions, but the propagation time is about 14 months, much slower than the average API release interval (3 months). Fast evolving APIs are used more by clients than slow evolving APIs but the average time taken to adopt new versions is longer for fast evolving APIs. Further, API usage adaptation code is more defect prone than the one without API usage adaptation. This may indicate that developers avoid API instability. I.

Tyler Mcdonnell; Baishakhi Ray; Miryung Kim

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha1-proteinase inhibitor api Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

api Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alpha1-proteinase inhibitor api Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Protease Inhibitors -Application...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera adansonii Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-774. Fletcher, G. J. C. (1978). The African bee, Apis mellifera adansonii, in Africa. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 23... 2448 INTRODUCTION The European honeybee, Apis mellifera,...

167

Aristotle's Historia Animalium and Apis reproduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between 1831 and 1870]. It does appear that Aristotle had observed the waggle dance but, as was noted by Whitfield (1958), his interpretation was that of simply relieving the worker of its load and not of a communication system [as first demonstrated... dance and other fascinating aspects of honey bee biology over two thousand years ago. Engel: Aristotle and Apis reproduction2013 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am grateful to C.D. Michener and V.H. Gonzalez for comments on the text. This is a con- tribution...

Engel, Michael S.

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

168

SIP APIs for voice and video communications on the web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Existing standard protocols for the web and Internet telephony fail to deliver real-time interactive communication from within a web browser. In particular, the client-server web protocol over reliable TCP is not always suitable for end-to-end low latency ... Keywords: SIP API for web communications, browser API, real-time web communication, voice and video

Carol Davids; Alan Johnston; Kundan Singh; Henry Sinnreich; Wilhelm Wimmreuter

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Original article Pollen sources for Apis mellifera L (Hym, Apidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Pollen sources for Apis mellifera L (Hym, Apidae) in Surinam, based on pollen samples were taken from Apis mellife- ra hives in Surinam in order to identify pollen sources) identified the sources of pollen col- lected by stingless bees in Surinam, our study is the first to examine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Tool support for crosscutting concerns of API documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developers have to write various documents such as the specifications of the software, bug tracking reportsTool support for crosscutting concerns of API documentation Michihiro Horie Tokyo Institute.csg.is.titech.ac.jp/~chiba ABSTRACT Writing detailed API (Application Programming Interface) documentation is a significant task

Chiba, Shigeru

171

API usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing (CHI) convened in Boston, MA (USA) from April 4-9, 2009. Included in this year’s technical program was a special interest group (SIG) meeting on API usability. This report summarizes the SIG, emphasizing the primary takeaways, which include a greater understanding of the types of APIs, case studies, and a place to share our multi-disciplinary results.

John M. Daughtry; Umer Farooq; Brad A. Myers; Jeffrey Stylos

172

Why are APIs difficult to learn and use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Application Programming Interface (API) comprises reusable functionality accessible through parameterized commands or functions. Examples include the Java and.NET class libraries, the C++ standard template library, and the system calls exposed by operating systems. An API serves as a foundation for creating applications by saving programmers the time necessary to code basic functionality from scratch.

Christopher Scaffidi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Original article Effects of Nosema apis Zander on inbred New  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Effects of Nosema apis Zander on inbred New Zealand honey bees (Apis mellifera ligustica L) LA Malone HA Giacon Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd, Mt Albert Research Centre, Private Bag 92 169, Auckland, New Zealand (Received 31 May 1996; accepted 16 December 1996

Boyer, Edmond

174

Utility Rate API v2 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate API v2 Rate API v2 Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 September, 2012 - 07:35 There are updates coming through the pipe for the utility rate form. When these updates are deployed to production, then will allow ISU and anyone entering utility rates the ability to define and access richer data. This will cause some changes at the API level. Jordan from ISU is currently working on this. In an email, he noted: "I am working on the API and making sure that it will keep version 1 and make a version 2 to represent the new data. I am also working on a way to automatically convert the version 1 data into a format that version 2 can use and a way to make the data entered in the new version available in version 1 of the API. As

175

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

176

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

177

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 -...

178

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

179

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

180

On-line near infrared spectroscopy as a Process Analytical Technology (PAT) tool to control an industrial seeded API crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The final step of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) manufacturing synthesis process consists of a crystallization during which the API and residual solvent contents have to be quantified precisely in order to reach a predefined seeding point. A feasibility study was conducted to demonstrate the suitability of on-line NIR spectroscopy to control this step in line with new version of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) guideline [1]. A quantitative method was developed at laboratory scale using statistical design of experiments (DOE) and multivariate data analysis such as principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) regression. NIR models were built to quantify the API in the range of 9–12% (w/w) and to quantify the residual methanol in the range of 0–3% (w/w). To improve the predictive ability of the models, the development procedure encompassed: outliers elimination, optimum model rank definition, spectral range and spectral pre-treatment selection. Conventional criteria such as, number of PLS factors, R2, root mean square errors of calibration, cross-validation and prediction (RMSEC, RMSECV, RMSEP) enabled the selection of three model candidates. These models were tested in the industrial pilot plant during three technical campaigns. Results of the most suitable models were evaluated against to the chromatographic reference methods. Maximum relative bias of 2.88% was obtained about API target content. Absolute bias of 0.01 and 0.02% (w/w) respectively were achieved at methanol content levels of 0.10 and 0.13% (w/w). The repeatability was assessed as sufficient for the on-line monitoring of the 2 analytes. The present feasibility study confirmed the possibility to use on-line NIR spectroscopy as a PAT tool to monitor in real-time both the API and the residual methanol contents, in order to control the seeding of an API crystallization at industrial scale. Furthermore, the successful scale-up of the method proved its capability to be implemented in the manufacturing plant with the launch of the new API process.

C. Schaefer; C. Lecomte; D. Clicq; A. Merschaert; E. Norrant; F. Fotiadu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

RCUK Gateway to Research GTR-2 API Page 1 of 10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RCUK Gateway to Research GTR-2 API Page 1 of 10 GATEWAY TO RESEARCH API 2 Version: 1.3 draft Published: 19/11/2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This document contains a technical summary of the GTR-2 API released to the GTR Beta system in November 2013. Other APIs have been available since March 2013 and are described

Berzins, M.

182

What Is the Price of Simplicity? A Cross-platform Evaluation of the SAGA API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Is the Price of Simplicity? A Cross-platform Evaluation of the SAGA API Mathijs den Burger1|oweidner|hkaiser}@cct.lsu.edu Abstract. The abundance of middleware to access grids and clouds and their often complex APIs hinders ease and standardization of SAGA: a Simple API for Grid Applications. SAGA provides a simple yet powerful API with high

Kielmann, Thilo

183

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications with third-party libraries through var- ious APIs. Using these library APIs often needs to follow certain usage patterns. Furthermore, ordering rules (specifications) exist between APIs, and these rules govern

Pei, Jian

184

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software Diego Mendez. This is not an exception, our experiment provides us with empirical evidence that a large scale diversity exists in "API usage"1 . 1We use the term "API usage" to reuse the same term as close work [5]. In this case, "API

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

OSCAR Parallelizing Compiler and API for Real-time Low Power Heterogeneous Multicores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR Parallelizing Compiler and API for Real-time Low Power Heterogeneous Multicores Akihiro and OSCAR API. OSCAR com- piler and OSCAR API realize coarse grain task parallel processing, data transfer. The compiler using the OSCAR API gives us speedups up to 32x for an optical flow program with 8 general purpose

Kasahara, Hironori

186

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract Incorrect handling of errors incurred after API invoca- tions (in short, API errors) can lead to security and robust- ness problems, two primary threats to software reliability. Correct handling of API

Young, R. Michael

187

Web API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Web API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code Tiago Espinha, Andy Zaidman.g.gross}@tudelft.nl Abstract--Web APIs provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction. Developers using web APIs are forced to accompany the API providers in their software evolution tasks

Zaidman, Andy

188

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1 Fabio Silva, John be accommodated with the same Network Routing API. An earlier version of this API was used by both network routing of this document describes the current API as used by the SCADDS implemen- tation. In addition to the Publish

Heidemann, John

189

Swing to SWT and Back: Patterns for API Migration by Wrapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Swing to SWT and Back: Patterns for API Migration by Wrapping Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei-Landau Koblenz, Germany Abstract--Evolving requirements may necessitate API migra- tion--re-engineering an application to replace its dependence on one API with the dependence on another API for the same domain. One

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

190

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North by invoking their APIs. Those APIs, however, are often com- plex and not well documented, posing barriers for developers to use them in new client code. To get familiar with how those APIs are used, developers may

Xie, Tao

191

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2 , Tao Xie3, , Lu Zhang1,2 , Jian Pei4 by invoking methods provided in their APIs. Those API methods, however, are often complex and not well documented. To get familiar with how those API methods are used, programmers often exploit a source code

Xie, Tao

192

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse soft- ware libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

DAA-related APIs in TPM2.0 Revisited Trusted Computing and Information Assurance Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DAA-related APIs in TPM2.0 Revisited Li Xi Trusted Computing and Information Assurance Laboratory is implemented by several APIs which can be utilized as a static Diffie- Hellman oracle. In this paper, we how to utilize these DAA-related APIs to break forward anonymity. Then we propose new APIs which

194

Using Semantics for Automating the Authentication of Web APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Recent technology developments in the area of services on the Web are marked by the proliferation of Web applications and APIs. The implementation and evolution of applications based on Web APIs is, however, hampered by the lack of automation that can be achieved with current technologies. Research on semantic Web services is therefore trying to adapt the principles and technologies that were devised for traditional Web services, to deal with this new kind of services. In this paper we show that currently more than 80 % of the Web APIs require some form of authentication. Therefore authentication plays a major role for Web API invocation and should not be neglected in the context of mashups and composite data applications. We present a thorough analysis carried out over a body of publicly available APIs that determines the most commonly used authentication approaches. In the light of these results, we propose an ontology for the semantic annotation of Web API authentication information and demonstrate how it can be used to create semantic Web API descriptions. We evaluate the applicability of our approach by providing a prototypical implementation, which uses authentication annotations as the basis for automated service invocation. 1

Maria Maleshkova; Carlos Pedrinaci; John Domingue; Guillermo Alvaro; Ivan Martinez

195

Evaluation of the API 50CH and API ZYM systems for rapid characterization of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus, causal agent of potato ring rot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API 50CH and API ZYM systems were used to characterize fifty-...Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus from different geographic locations and several reference strains of the same and different species, in...

José Luis Palomo; María M. López…

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

What is the Vehicle API? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

What is the Vehicle API? What is the Vehicle API? Home > Groups > Developer The vehicle API does not seem to contain any end point. Is there some documentation about this service? http://osisoftvcampus.cloudapp.net/vehicledata/cardata.svc Submitted by Pelikhan on 15 January, 2013 - 23:11 1 answer Points: 0 Good evening, There are a few different documentation options for this API. Although this question was asked a long time ago, I'd be happy to find an answer as a member of the DOE's Energy Data Initiative. First, may I ask if this relates to the Apps for Vehicles Challenge? If not, you may find a quicker and more technically informed answer here: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!forum/openxc Ianjkalin on 11 February, 2013 - 20:48 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

197

API for browsing available data sources? | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

API for browsing available data sources? API for browsing available data sources? Safety Data/Tools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov » Communities » Safety » Forums API for browsing available data sources? Submitted by G. Hussain Chinoy on Tue, 09/18/2012 - 4:46pm Log in to vote 2 The provided "Data/Tools" tab is a nice human readable view of the data resources on safety.data.gov, but is there an API to view the different data sources by category or any of the other attributes of a data set? Thanks Add new comment Your name Subject Comment * More information about text formats Plain text No HTML tags allowed. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. CAPTCHA This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent

198

Antragsbeispiele API bzw. RfC (CR/C)/ITU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nachfolgend findet sich ein Beispiel einer Advance Publication für ein Satellitensystem mit niedrigfliegendem Satelliten („Rund-um-die-Welt-in-100-min“) – sprich eine sogenannte „full“ API, die für NGSO-Satellite...

René Wörfel; Hans Dodel†

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

PyNN: A Python API for Neural Network Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PyNN is an application programming interface (API) for describing and simulating neuronal network models...1997), NEST (Gewaltig and Diesmann 2007), Brian (Goodman and Brette 2008), or PCSIM (Pecevski et al. 2009

Dr. Andrew P. Davison

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem Tyler McDonnell, Baishakhi Ray, Miryung Kim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem Tyler Mc--When APIs evolve, clients make corresponding changes to their applications to utilize new or updated APIs. Despite the benefits of new or updated APIs, developers are often slow to adopt the new APIs. As a first

Kim, Miryung

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessitating automated specification mining. Automated mining of error-handling specifications is challenging for procedural languages such as C, which lack explicit exception-handling mechanisms. Due to the lack of explicit exception handling, error-handling code is often scattered across different procedures and files making it difficult to mine error-handling specifications through manual inspection of source code. In this paper, we present a novel framework for mining API errorhandling specifications automatically from API client code, without any user input. In our framework, we adapt a trace generation technique to distinguish and generate static traces representing different API run-time behaviors. We apply data mining techniques on the static traces to mine specifications that define correct handling of API errors. We then use the mined specifications to detect API error-handling violations. Our framework mines 62 error-handling specifications and detects 264 real error-handling defects from the analyzed open source packages. 1 1

Mithun Acharya; Tao Xie

202

Developing Systems for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, Alexander Pucher, Rich Wolski, and Tevfik Bultan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing Systems for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos well- defined, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). The stability, maintenance, and lifecycle of these APIs is critical to the utility of the digital assets they serve. Our work

California at Santa Barbara, University of

203

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage, Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accomplishment HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Accessprogramming interface (API) that simplifies data storage andindexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery,

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers. See commercial and free energy APIs such as NREL's developer network, Genability, 3TIER, OpenEI APIs and more! Click here to get started. Want to see this energy API data crowd-sourced and updated on OpenEI? Let us know by commenting on this blog entry! Currently, we have a static spreadsheet (available for download at the app) that we are keeping updated manually. Thanks to ProgrammableWeb.com for initial data - as a thanks, we are currently linking to ProgrammableWeb from each API entry so

205

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis accurate prediction Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: apis accurate prediction Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers Summary: . This raises the problem of...

206

African Press International (API) This is your "Daily Online News Channel".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

African Press International (API) This is your "Daily Online News Channel". Home A:Contact us powerful as before ­ Is this good for new Kenya? (api) The travelling man: Pope Benedict XVI is due

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - api 20ne para Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

api 20ne para Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api 20ne para Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Draft of 7282003 IBP Network Function...

208

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am...

209

Topic Assignment as of 1/29/2011 Android hardware API (max # of presenter)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Topic Assignment as of 1/29/2011 Android hardware API (max # of presenter) 1. Taking a picture) Sevada Abraamyan; Other Android API 7. Android search framework (1) Dillon Kearns; 8. Web

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - api 5l x80 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

x80 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api 5l x80 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A Framework for Diversifying Windows Native APIs to...

211

Energy API and dataset overview | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy API and dataset overview Energy API and dataset overview Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 26 September, 2012 - 14:36 cleanweb hackathon resource webinar Today, Ian Kalin, a presidential innovation fellow, and the OpenEI team recorded an "energy resource" overview for developers of upcoming hackathon events at SXSW Eco and in New York City. You can find this recorded webinar with recent developer resources (APIs, datasets, content) at the links below. Streaming webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/ldr.php?AT=pb&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=40d5d5d42cbfd4e4 Download webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/lsr.php?AT=dw&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=2b23a089b99927fc Time: 13 minutes If you are an application developer in the energy space, or know one,

212

Google Web APIs - an Instrument for Webometric Analyses?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The analysis of the Internet and its applications touches upon varied fields of research such as information science, computer science, economics, and psychology. One reason for the growing scientific interest in the Internet is the already high and still growing amount of web users, applications, contents, and web servers worldwide. Despite a variety of different search engines, there is no doubt about the predominance of Google search engine technology today. Among the factors that have added decisively to Google's success are that over a long period of time, Google has offered the largest index, innovative new services and highly optimized performance and usability. This poster introduces Google Web APIs (Google APIs) as an instrument and playground for webometric studies. Several examples of Google APIs implementations are given. Our examples show that this Google Web Service can be used successfully for informetric Internet based studies albeit with some restriction

Philipp Mayr; Fabio Tosques

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera scutellata Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-clone usurpation reproduction Apis mellifera scutellata honeybee reproduction South Africa 1. INTRODUCTION... . capensis) and African ... Source: Ratnieks, Francis -...

214

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka, Chandra Krintz, Rich Wolski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka for a programmer to port an application from one web API to another, i.e. "porting effort". Our approach defines approach using both randomly generated and real-world web APIs and show that our metric can correctly

Bigelow, Stephen

215

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus and the ProVerif tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus and the ProVerif tool Technical Report copyright©2008 Notations 5 3 HSMs and APIs 5 3.1 Tamper evidence and Tamper resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.2 The role of HSMs and cryptoprocessors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3 API

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

216

Detecting API Documentation Errors Hao Zhong1,2 Zhendong Su2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting API Documentation Errors Hao Zhong1,2 Zhendong Su2 1 Institute of Software, Chinese@cs.ucdavis.edu Abstract When programmers encounter an unfamiliar API library, they often need to refer to its documentations, tutorials, or discussions on de- velopment forums to learn its proper usage. These API documents

Su, Zhendong

217

IMS application development Connect API Copyright IBM Corporation 2011, 2012. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMS application development Connect API © Copyright IBM Corporation 2011, 2012. All rights reserved. 1 of 28 Developing Connect API applications for IMS Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate Evgeni transactions through the IMS Connect API for Java. About this tutorial This tutorial will take you through

218

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API Fred Morstatter tweets through the "Streaming API". Recently, research has pointed to evidence of bias in this source in the Streaming API data. We tackle the problem of finding sample bias without costly and restrictive Firehose

Liu, Huan

219

Abstract 3568: Treatment of Organ-Specific Chloroleukemia by Cytotech Labs API 31510 and Chemotherapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...efficacy with use of combination therapy of API 31510 and gemcitabine in the treatment of...antineoplastic agents for pancreatic cancer. API 31510, a novel intravenous formulation...cell-based data of combination gemcitabine and API 31510. Animals were randomized into 4 groups...

Niven R. Narain; Lucia M. Mauro; John P. McCook; Joaquin J. Jimenez

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

220

Task model and online operating system API for hardware tasks in OLLAF platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Task model and online operating system API for hardware tasks in OLLAF platform Samuel GARCIA and the corresponding online API for Fine Grained Dy- namically Reconfigurable Architecture. We cover the integration of this API in the OLLAF platform and more specifically its application to memory access management

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor1, an Application Program Interface (API) follow- ing REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials through a RESTful API and a python library enabling ad-hoc ap- plications [17]. Other examples of online

Curtarolo, Stefano

222

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Michael S well-known fossil honey bee species. Apis henshawi is diagnosed, the holotype described, and a complete. Synapis petrefacta is officially transferred into the genus Apis (new combination) and A. fota and A

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Informing Eclipse API Production and Consumption Reid Holmes and Robert J. Walker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Informing Eclipse API Production and Consumption Reid Holmes and Robert J. Walker Laboratory, Canada rtholmes,rwalker@cpsc.ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Application programming interfaces (APIs) inform application de- velopers as to the functionality provided by a library and how to interact with it. APIs

Robillard, Martin

224

An introduction to API 682 shaft sealing for centrifugal and rotary pumps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seal failures in refineries represents between 5,000 and 10,000 dollars in maintenance costs. The lack of an industry standard approach has resulted in high-stocking cost, high maintenance costs, and complicated populations of seals. The API has offered API 682, Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal and Rotary Pumps. This report discusses the benefits of API 682.

Dufour, J.W. [Amoco Oil Company, Chicago, IL (United States); Jones, R.L. [Shell Oil Company, Houston, TX (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Detecting API Usage Obstacles: A Study of iOS and Android Developer Questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting API Usage Obstacles: A Study of iOS and Android Developer Questions Wei Wang and Michael that can be later customized for a specific task. When developers invoke API methods in a framework, they often encounter obstacles in finding the correct usage of the API, let alone to employ best practices

Godfrey, Michael W.

226

Inferring Meta-Models for Runtime System Data from the Clients of Management APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inferring Meta-Models for Runtime System Data from the Clients of Management APIs Hui Song1 , Gang. To do this, users have to understand the different management APIs provided by different systems to inferring such meta-models by analyzing client code that accesses man- agement APIs. A set of experiments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

227

Mining Succinct and High-Coverage API Usage Patterns from Source Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining Succinct and High-Coverage API Usage Patterns from Source Code Jue Wang�* , Yingnong Dang (API) methods. However, these usage patterns are often not well documented. To help developers to get such usage patterns, there are approaches proposed to mine client code of the API methods. However, they lack

Xie, Tao

228

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barthelemy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barth´el´emy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard}@cs.mgill.ca Abstract--Software reuse through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) is an integral part of software development. The functionality offered by an API is not always accessed uniformly throughout the lifetime

Robillard, Martin

229

API Testing Using Contract Abstractions Hernn Czemerinski hczemeri@dc.uba.ar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

API Testing Using Contract Abstractions Hernán Czemerinski ­ hczemeri@dc.uba.ar Departamento de Unpleasant To Doby Hand Contract-Based Software Contract Based API Hypothesis Test suites with higher1 In order to obtain experimental data for contrasting our hypothesis we choose Java APIs and

Figueira, Santiago

230

Geographical races of Apis cerana Fabricius in China and their distribution. Review of recent Chinese publica-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Geographical races of Apis cerana Fabricius in China and their distribution. Review of Apis cerana Fabricius and their distribution in China, compiled published data and subjec- ted a portion of the data to statistical analyses. Apis cerana in China can probably be grouped into 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Tinkering with Turtles An Overview of NetLogo's Extensions API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tinkering with Turtles An Overview of NetLogo's Extensions API Forrest Stonedahl, Daniel KornhauserLogo Extensions API provides facilities for programmers to ex- tend the NetLogo language by creating user with the JVM). While the NetLogo Extensions API has quietly existed for several years, recent changes have

Wilensky, Uri

232

BIOINFORMATICS Vol. 00 no. 00 2006 The SBML ODE Solver Library: a native API for symbolic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOINFORMATICS Vol. 00 no. 00 2006 Pages 1--2 The SBML ODE Solver Library: a native API on the behavior of different tools and are discussed in the supplementary material. The native API provides fine://www.llnl.gov/CASC/sundials/) to provide a detailed API (application program interface) to both a derived ODE system and various

Flamm, Christoph

233

On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel MARK S. MILLER, Google Research We describe in detail the new reflection API of the upcoming Javascript standard. The most prominent feature of this new API is its support for creating proxies: virtual objects that behave

Steels, Luc

234

OSCAR API for Real-time Low-Power Multicores and Its Performance on Multicores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR API for Real-time Low-Power Multicores and Its Performance on Multicores and SMP Servers://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/ Abstract. OSCAR (Optimally Scheduled Advanced Multiprocessor) API has been designed for real-time embedded by using the OSCAR parallelizing compiler. The OSCAR API has been developed by Waseda University

Kasahara, Hironori

235

The Concept Maps Method as a Tool to Evaluate the Usability of APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Concept Maps Method as a Tool to Evaluate the Usability of APIs Jens Gerken, Hans, Germany {firstname.lastname}@uni-konstanz.de ABSTRACT Application programming interfaces (APIs HCI have limitations in grasping the interaction between developer and API as most IDEs (essentially

Reiterer, Harald

236

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Arabia, Iran migrations and introductions (Ruttner, 1988). Apis mellifera includes about two dozen subspecies bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the USA Allen L Szalanski1* and Roxane M Magnus1 1 Social

Szalanski, Allen L.

237

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyn Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyán Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong of Technology and Economics Abstract: API level vulnerabilities of hardware security modules represent a serious threat, thus, discovering and patching security holes in APIs are important. In this paper, we argue

Levente, Buttyán

238

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation , Hao Zhong1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation Lin Shi1 , Hao Zhong1 , Tao Xie3 , and Mingshu,zhonghao}@itechs.iscas.ac.cn, xie@csc.ncsu.edu, mingshu@iscas.ac.cn Abstract. With the evolution of an API library, its documentation also evolves. The evolution of API documentation is common knowledge for programmers and library

Xie, Tao

239

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities Keiji Kimura, Waseda University 13. The execution timing of them can be notified by FlagVariables Overview of OSCAR API v2.0 (before 2 ! Accelerators ! Based on the subset of OpenMP ! Very popular parallel processing API ! Shared memory programming

Kasahara, Hironori

240

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers Carnegie Mellon University { jsstylos, bam }@cs.cmu.edu Abstract When creating new application programming inter- faces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms

Myers, Brad A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

ExPort: Detecting and Visualizing API Usages in Large Source Code Repositories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ExPort: Detecting and Visualizing API Usages in Large Source Code Repositories Evan Moritz1, Mario a technique for automatically mining and visualizing API usage examples. In contrast to previous approaches, our technique is capable of finding examples of API usage that occur across several functions

Poshyvanyk, Denys

242

Patterns of Apis mellifera infestation by Nosema ceranae support the parasite hypothesis for the evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patterns of Apis mellifera infestation by Nosema ceranae support the parasite hypothesis / Apis mellifera / evolution of polyandry 1. INTRODUCTION Host­parasite relationships are inherently (Hamilton 1980; Hamilton et al. 1990; Ladie 1992). In the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and other social

243

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel M. S dependence of Charpy toughness has been investigated in API-X80 linepipe steel. The occurrence the origin of anisotropy in Charpy energy in API-X80 linepipe steel, as a function of test temperature

Cambridge, University of

244

The Impact of API Complexity on Failures: An Empirical Analysis of Proprietary and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of API Complexity on Failures: An Empirical Analysis of Proprietary and Open Source Information hiding is a cornerstone principle of modern software engineering. Interfaces, or APIs, are central or development pro- ductivity. In this paper, we examined the impact of API complexity on the failure proneness

245

Analyzing Temporal API Usage Patterns Gias Uddin, Barthelemy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing Temporal API Usage Patterns Gias Uddin, Barth´el´emy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard}@cs.mcgill.ca Abstract--Software reuse through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) is an integral part of software development. As developers write client programs, their understanding and usage of APIs change over time. Can

Robillard, Martin

246

A Case Study of API Redesign for Improved Usability Jeffrey Stylos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Case Study of API Redesign for Improved Usability Jeffrey Stylos1 , Benjamin Graf2 , Daniela K by their ability to effectively reuse code. Even APIs (applica- tion programming interfaces) and other code - a business rules en- gine, whose API was created for platform develop- ment, but which is now also

247

A MythTV Python API to complement the JustPlay Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I developed an API to control a MythTV backend. This API is called PyMythTV. It allows one to develop software that can take advantage of a PVR device, MythTV. The API was written in Python, which allows ...

Deonier, Christian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

UNC-CH TR 00-007 The Design of an API for Particle Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNC-CH TR 00-007 The Design of an API for Particle Systems David K. McAllister Department. What con- structs and abstractions are useful for specifying particle ef- fects? How can the API of our research is the Particle System Application Programmer Interface (API). This is a C++ function

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

249

CONTROL ELECTRONICS AND HYBRID DYNAMIC SYSTEM-BASED API FOR A 6-DOF DESKTOP HAPTIC INTERFACE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, , , , DSC7C-5 CONTROL ELECTRONICS AND HYBRID DYNAMIC SYSTEM-BASED API FOR A 6-DOF DESKTOP HAPTIC, a new low level applications pro- gramming interface API that models the haptic interface as a hybrid in this paper. A new approach to the design of haptic APIs is also presented. In this approach, the haptic

Salcudean, Tim

250

API Usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI John M. Daughtry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

API Usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI John M. Daughtry The Pennsylvania State Univ's technical program was a special interest group (SIG) meeting on API usability. This report summarizes the SIG, emphasizing the primary takeaways, which include a greater understanding of the types of APIs

Myers, Brad A.

251

Abstract #2096: Protection from chemotherapy-induced alopecia by a novel formulation, Cytotech Labs API 31543  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Organ-Specific Chloroleukemia by Cytotech Labs API 31510 and Chemotherapy Niven R. Narain...dose-dependent manner by a novel IV solution of API 31510. Accordingly, in the present study we examined the hypothesis that Cytotech Labs API 31510 alone or in combination with cyclophosphamide...

Niven Narain; John McCook; Lucia Mauro; Joaquin Jimenez

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a Tung Thanh Nguyen,1b Gary Wilson the updated libraries. Existing API usage adaptation techniques support simple adaptation such as replacing the target of calls to a deprecated API, however, cannot handle complex adaptations such as creat- ing a new

Kim, Miryung

253

New findings on leak resistance of API 8-Round connectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to high interest concerning leak resistance in API 8-Round connectors, the API funded projects that have identified and assessed parameters affecting leak. Among these parameters are make-up, diameter, grade, and combined loads. Additional turns during make-up was found to increase leak resistance. Investigations concerning diameter and grade identified larger diameter and higher grade connectors as most susceptible to low leak pressures when compared to pipe body ratings. Finally, combined loads were found to be crucial to leak. Tension lowers the leak resistance of 8-Round connectors in a manner that renders hydrotesting insufficient for defining leak in some service conditions.

Schwind, B.E.; Wooley, G.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Using API services to visualise urban activities in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, we can find plenty of information on urban activities, which has been archived on the World Wide Web (Web). Recently, the number of internet users in Japan has been outstanding compared to other countries. Also, several servers have started providing the stored information via API (application program interface) services. This study tries to propose a new viewpoint to understand urban conditions and human activities by utilising the API services to obtain dynamic data based on information from the Web. Furthermore, it has been examined how to visualise the geographical characteristics of the information by using GIS in order to provide better and clearer understanding for various users.

Takafumi Arima; Ryo Yamato

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Quantum Field Theory & Gravity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Field Theory & Gravity Quantum Field Theory & Gravity Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email...

256

2011 Growth API School Report -Preuss School UCSD http://api.cde.ca.gov/Acnt2011/2011GrowthSch.aspx?allcds=37683383731189[9/30/2011 3:51:13 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Growth API School Report - Preuss School UCSD http://api.cde.ca.gov/Acnt2011/2011GrowthSch.aspx?allcds=37683383731189[9/30/2011 3:51:13 PM] DataQuest home > API home > Reports > Select School > School Reports > Current Page 2010 -11 Accountability Progress Reporting (APR) 2011 Growth API Links: School: Preuss School

Russell, Lynn

257

Caution: API gaging practices can be hazardous to your leak resistance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors address the controversy facing the OCTG inspection industry regarding how to measure pitch diameter on API round and buttress casing connections. There are two ways: the API way, using certified ring and plug gages, and a second method which uses one of a number of proprietary (non-API) gages introduced in recent years. The controversy has occurred because the new, non-API gages have revealed a bias in the accepted API ring and plug gaging method. Methods of addressing this problem are discussed.

Hill, T.H.; Money, R.C. (T.H. Hill Associates Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

REDCap and DDI Exporting Data and Metadata with the API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the REDCap survey metadata from csv to DDI 3.1. It includes a discussion of which REDCap instrument attributes can be represented by DDI 3.1 elements other than Note. This presentation includes information on the REDCap API and metadata about mapping data...

Hoyle, Larry; Van Roekel, Ada

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

OSCAR API v2.1: Extensions for an Advanced Accelerator Control Scheme to a Low-Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSCAR API v2.1: Extensions for an Advanced Accelerator Control Scheme to a Low-Power Multicore API optimization and low-power optimization, has been developed. Furthermore, the OSCAR API has been also developed, AMD, Tilera, Fujitsu, Renesas Electronics, and so on. The OSCAR API v1.0 and v2.0 have been opened

Kasahara, Hironori

260

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. A quick history - version 2 data fields came out in early December, 2012. The version 2 API to access this new data was then launched in early May, 2013. Now that it is September, 2013, we are providing a limited,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Geodesic distances in Liouville quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to study the quantum geometry of random surfaces in Liouville gravity, we propose a definition of geodesic distance associated to a Gaussian free field on a regular lattice. This geodesic distance is used to numerically determine the Hausdorff dimension associated to shortest cycles of 2d quantum gravity on the torus coupled to conformal matter fields, showing agreement with a conjectured formula by Y. Watabiki. Finally, the numerical tools are put to test by quantitatively comparing the distribution of lengths of shortest cycles to the corresponding distribution in large random triangulations.

Jan Ambjorn; Timothy Budd

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

262

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 13.07 13.09 16.23 17.15 18.48 18.48 19.00 February ............... 13.25 13.79 17.04 17.94 19.22 19.49 19.64 March .................... 13.94 14.49 17.56 18.17 19.51 20.41 21.29 April ...................... 13.87 14.73 17.49 18.13 19.55 20.22 20.05 May ....................... 13.43 14.53 17.33 17.45 19.31 20.18 20.64 June ...................... 12.37 13.19 16.62 16.81 18.54 18.94 19.43 July ....................... 11.74 12.66 15.48 16.06 17.61 18.77 18.46 August .................. 12.40 12.86 14.97 15.77 17.37 18.78 18.35 September ............ 12.63 12.67 14.82 15.08 16.97 17.41 17.38 October ................. 12.07 12.67 14.82 15.23 17.12 17.64 17.62 November ............. 10.55 10.98 13.73 14.19 16.27 17.09 14.92 December ............. 9.72 9.91 11.60 12.43 14.37 15.33

263

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ......................... - - - - - - February ....................... - - - - - - March ............................ - - - - - - April .............................. - - - - - - May ............................... - - - - - - June .............................. - - - - - - July ............................... - - - - - - August .......................... - - - - - - September .................... - - - - - - October ......................... 11.41 13.52 10.08 15.49 15.49 16.27 November ..................... 10.69 11.99 9.09 14.13 14.33 15.21 December ..................... 8.49 9.84 7.03 12.00 12.01 12.95 1993 ................................. - - - - - - 1994 January ......................... 8.51 10.22 6.70 12.25 12.25 13.35 February

264

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ......................... 13.80 15.60 12.16 17.04 16.97 17.65 February ....................... 14.16 15.49 12.78 16.84 16.94 17.60 March ............................ 16.32 17.85 14.25 19.10 19.24 19.92 April .............................. 17.84 19.70 16.11 20.89 21.23 22.08 May ............................... 15.22 17.88 15.84 18.93 19.47 20.16 June .............................. 14.46 17.22 14.26 18.16 18.72 19.37 July ............................... 14.77 17.92 14.65 18.97 19.54 20.20 August .......................... 14.97 18.54 15.32 19.82 20.12 20.92 September .................... 16.62 20.40 16.34 21.77 22.04 22.81 October ......................... 17.90 21.45 17.50 22.96 23.11 23.96 November ..................... 17.21 20.14 17.29 21.91 21.86 22.64 December .....................

265

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 4.11 23.91 21.31 25.95 19.61 3.91 1.19 February ............... 2.31 22.26 18.45 28.61 22.18 4.36 1.83 March .................... 2.84 19.63 19.11 31.67 23.06 2.25 1.44 April ...................... 3.83 20.65 20.98 31.93 19.27 1.51 1.82 May ....................... 3.29 18.38 17.25 30.44 27.38 2.24 1.03 June ...................... 3.74 19.70 17.26 31.58 25.64 0.80 1.28 July ....................... 4.61 16.73 20.40 29.89 22.48 2.99 2.91 August .................. 3.66 17.89 16.13 31.55 26.68 2.21 1.89 September ............ 3.75 18.25 16.21 33.46 22.93 3.03 2.36 October ................. 4.31 16.62 19.92 31.89 21.57 3.21 2.48 November ............. 4.03 18.13 17.87 30.78 23.73 3.74 1.72 December ............. 5.04 17.60 17.59 30.05 23.92 3.50 2.31 1994 .........................

266

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 14.41 14.81 17.62 18.12 18.80 19.22 18.47 February ............... 15.29 15.52 17.66 18.86 18.80 20.03 19.74 March .................... 16.57 17.52 19.84 20.30 20.54 21.63 21.48 April ...................... 17.04 18.65 21.71 20.94 22.12 21.86 22.15 May ....................... 15.97 17.39 19.92 19.90 21.01 21.48 21.57 June ...................... 16.10 16.90 19.17 19.20 20.09 20.30 20.63 July ....................... 16.63 17.28 19.70 19.75 20.66 21.02 20.96 August .................. 17.33 18.00 20.52 20.86 21.72 21.54 21.81 September ............ 19.12 19.91 22.55 22.38 23.33 22.93 22.54 October ................. 19.23 20.97 23.32 23.34 24.80 24.73 24.87 November ............. 18.99 19.57 22.43 22.95 24.10 24.61 24.37 December ............. 19.17 19.92 22.96 22.71 24.77

267

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 13.91 14.06 16.26 16.91 17.27 16.74 17.41 February ............... 14.21 14.62 16.88 17.27 17.84 17.99 17.20 March .................... 14.72 15.31 16.96 17.67 17.94 18.16 18.53 April ...................... 15.94 16.74 18.43 18.72 19.05 18.83 18.93 May ....................... 16.20 16.75 18.26 18.12 19.28 19.21 19.08 June ...................... 14.78 15.44 17.03 17.20 18.59 18.51 18.82 July ....................... 13.96 14.10 15.97 16.41 17.16 17.30 17.81 August .................. 13.70 14.30 16.38 16.36 17.32 16.95 16.55 September ............ 14.04 14.20 16.49 16.65 17.55 18.60 18.02 October ................. 12.88 13.40 15.78 16.24 17.30 17.78 17.46 November ............. 13.56 13.74 16.13 17.01 17.54 17.53 18.21 December ............. 14.80 15.03 17.13 17.15 18.69

268

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ......................... 19.26 21.50 18.87 23.25 23.40 24.07 February ....................... 16.63 18.34 17.74 20.36 20.62 21.19 March ............................ 15.75 16.90 16.11 18.64 19.23 19.65 April .............................. 14.50 15.70 14.72 17.42 18.10 18.62 May ............................... 15.41 16.33 14.48 18.35 18.81 19.64 June .............................. 14.16 14.71 13.74 16.87 17.13 17.81 July ............................... 13.85 15.15 13.00 17.23 17.39 18.14 August .......................... 14.86 15.50 12.97 17.54 17.68 18.36 September .................... 15.07 15.36 14.14 17.50 17.58 18.22 October ......................... 16.47 16.79 14.56 18.97 19.11 19.73 November ..................... 15.08 15.21 14.57 18.02 17.98 18.71 December .....................

269

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ............... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March .................... 3.79 19.54 19.77 31.45 22.75 1.17 1.54 April ...................... 4.56 20.86 13.84 31.67 26.91 0.96 1.20 May ....................... 4.51 18.61 15.86 32.04 24.32 3.00 1.66 June ...................... 4.29 20.45 15.33 34.01 22.65 2.29 0.98 July ....................... 6.17 18.84 13.25 33.93 24.75 2.16 0.90 August .................. 5.23 19.66 12.44 35.69 22.73 2.57 1.69 September ............ 3.99 21.90 13.26 36.65 21.75 0.65 1.80 October ................. 3.92 22.24 15.65 30.63 23.84 1.09 2.62 November ............. 5.03 22.49 13.65 31.88 23.91 2.24 0.80 December ............. 4.63 21.77 11.45 38.24 20.65 1.68 1.59 1996 .........................

270

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.27 15.52 16.22 November ... 12.68 13.86 10.69 15.74 15.69 16.59 December ... 12.26 12.91 10.48 14.82 14.89 15.68 1994...

271

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ... 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March ... 3.79 19.54 19.77...

272

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Values shown for the current two months are preliminary. Values shown for the previous two months may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections. Final revisions to...

273

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ... 13.80 15.60 12.16 17.04 16.97 17.65 February ... 14.16 15.49 12.78 16.84 16.94 17.60 March ......

274

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ... 4.81 21.56 12.96 34.96 21.61 2.76 1.34 February ... 4.66 22.18 15.45 29.96 24.56 2.33 0.86 March ... 5.24 21.60 12.11...

275

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 81.25 54.76 69.51 94.66 96.07 93.91 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 83.07 54.36 69.72 94.15 94.35 91.27 1978-2013 25.1 to...

276

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

1996 January ... 14.41 14.81 17.62 18.12 18.80 19.22 18.47 February ... 15.29 15.52 17.66 18.86 18.80 20.03 19.74 March ... 16.57 17.52...

277

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1997 January ... 18.57 19.34 23.73 22.13 24.80 23.89 23.89 February ... 14.79 17.00 21.18 19.69 22.81 22.74 24.44 March ... 14.56 16.06...

278

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1997 January ... 19.26 21.50 18.87 23.25 23.40 24.07 February ... 16.63 18.34 17.74 20.36 20.62 21.19 March ......

279

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March ... 4.98 18.66 20.35...

280

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993 January ... 13.07 13.09 16.23 17.15 18.48 18.48 19.00 February ... 13.25 13.79 17.04 17.94 19.22 19.49 19.64 March ... 13.94 14.49...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ............... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March .................... 4.98 18.66 20.35 28.62 23.43 2.50 1.46 April ...................... 3.87 19.19 18.99 34.21 20.14 2.46 1.14 May ....................... 4.08 17.79 20.20 30.71 22.34 3.43 1.45 June ...................... 5.15 18.63 18.93 32.48 22.10 1.55 1.17 July ....................... 4.29 20.18 22.37 29.86 20.49 1.55 1.26 August .................. 5.99 21.29 18.91 27.30 23.42 1.69 1.40 September ............ 4.67 19.54 18.63 31.51 21.74 1.89 2.02 October ................. 4.78 18.66 16.53 36.43 17.94 3.57 2.10 November ............. 4.39 18.81 19.45 34.22 18.98 3.15 1.00 December ............. 3.46 16.62 14.68 39.78 19.54 4.06 1.87 1993 .........................

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera insecta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

VALIDO, M CANDELARIA RODRGUEZ-RODRGUEZ Y PEDRO JORDANO RESUMEN... mellifera, Api- dae) en el propio seno del Parque Nacional ( 2000 colmenas cada primavera). Los...

283

Development of an Interactive, Hands-on Learning Experience of the Google Maps API.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The project is to design and implement a Web application for realizing an innovative, hands-on interactive learning experience for the Google Maps API. This learning… (more)

Kale, Rushikesh Digambar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - africanizadas apis mellifera Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Summary: . Caracterizacin mitocondrial de poblaciones de...

285

The Universe Adventure - Gravity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gravity: The Main Attraction Gravity: The Main Attraction Gravity Acts on All Matter Gravity's effect is apparent even at the largest scales: just as gravity keeps the Earth orbiting the sun, it holds these two irregular galaxies M32 and M110 in orbit around the larger Andromeda galaxy. In the late 1600s, the English mathematician Sir Isaac Newton gave the first scientific description of gravitation. Gravity is an attractive force existing between any two objects that have mass, causing them to accelerate towards each other. It is the weakest of the four fundamental forces but can act over great distances and is responsible for the formation of planets, stars, galaxies, and even larger scale structures such as groups and superclusters. Gravity is also the force that governs the motion of

286

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO

287

Investigation of Dynamic and Static Recrystallization Behavior During Thermomechanical Processing in API-X70 Microalloyed Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Dynamic and Static Recrystallization Behavior During Thermomechanical Processing in API-X70 Microalloyed Steel

Bahman Mirzakhani; Hossein Arabi…

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Overcoming the Problems Associated with the Existence of Too Many DSM APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overcoming the Problems Associated with the Existence of Too Many DSM APIs Martin Schulz Lehrstuhl f�r Rechnertechnik und Rechnerorganisation Technische Universit�t M�nchen DSM 2002, Berlin May 22nd, 2002 SMiLE #12;2 � Martin Schulz, May 22nd 2002, DSM 2002, Berlin Many APIs ! Large variety of shared

Schulz, Martin

289

U-Boot Standalone Application (Exports) API 18349 Embedded Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U-Boot Standalone Application (Exports) API 18­349 Embedded Real-Time Systems 1 Introduction This document contains details on the U-Boot 1.1.4 Exports API used by standalone applications. Most of the details of this document were derived from reading the U-Boot source code relevant to the gum- stix

Narasimhan, Priya

290

API5 Confers Tumoral Immune Escape through FGF2-Dependent Cell Survival Pathway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...antiapoptotic gene, apoptosis inhibitor 5 (API5), in the immune-resistant...and Methods Chemical kinase inhibitors LY294002 (Calbiochem Corp...siApi5- or siGFP-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (CNP) starting...Exposure to the proteasome inhibitor, MG 132, restored Bim levels...

Kyung Hee Noh; Seok-Ho Kim; Jin Hee Kim; Kwon-Ho Song; Young-Ho Lee; Tae Heung Kang; Hee Dong Han; Anil K. Sood; Joanne Ng; Kwanghee Kim; Chung Hee Sonn; Vinay Kumar; Cassian Yee; Kyung-Mi Lee; and Tae Woo Kim

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Data Management in the GridRPC GridRPC Data Management API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion GridRPC Data Management API Implementations, Le Mahec, Nakada GridRPC DM API: Implem. and Interop. Issues (1/13) #12;Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion Goal GridRPC DM types: Reminder 1 Data Management in the GridRPC Goal GridRPC DM types

Caniou, Yves

292

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute 2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am Addthis PROBLEM: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Version(s): 7 Update 21; possibly other versions (1.7.0_21-b11) Java Server JRE is also affected. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Oracle Java. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028466 Oracle IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can create a specially crafted Java application that, when loaded and approved by the target user, will trigger a flaw in the Reflection API to bypass the security sandbox. IMPACT: A remote user can create a Java file that, when loaded by the target user,

293

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud November 9, 2012 - 2:43pm Addthis As part of the Digital Strategy, the Department of Energy is making more high-value data sets available through Application Program Interfaces (APIs) - helping programmers develop new opportunities, services and products for citizens. Additionally, these data sets and APIs are now housed on cloud-based servers, helping us to provide easy, scalable access to the public. Moving our data sets to the cloud builds on the important steps the Energy Department has taken to advance cost-effective, secure cloud-hosted infrastructure solutions. For example, we have also moved our Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to the cloud to streamline operations. We are also

294

Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems | Argonne Leadership Computing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Performance Tools and APIs Performance Tools and APIs Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) Rice HPC Toolkit IBM HPCT Mpip gprof Profiling Tools Darshan PAPI High Level UPC API Low Level UPC API UPC Hardware BG/P dgemm Performance Tuning MPI on BGP Performance FAQs IBM References Software and Libraries Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems MPI and OpenMP Options Tuning MPI on BGP Performance Tools Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) - Instruments applications and gathers information on timings, MPI activity, and hardware performance counter events Rice HPCToolkit- Performs sample based profiling of applications and

295

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Home > Groups > Utility Rate Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 API developer OpenEI update utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_rates The new API includes support for the latest V2 Utility Rates input fields (including tiered time-of-use rates, tiered demand charges, new category for lighting, and many more improvements). Just a reminder that you can view (And contribute!) rate database entries

296

Frangible roof joint behavior of cylindrical oil storage tanks designed to API 650 rules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the frangible joint behavior of tanks designed to API 650 rules. In such tanks, the roof-to-shell joint is intended to fail in the event of overpressurization, venting the tank and containing any remaining fluid. The reasoning behind present API design formulas is reviewed. Combustion analyses, structural analyses, and the results of testing are presented. Results show that higher pressures are reached before frangible joint failure than predicted by the present API 650 calculation. One consequence is that (for empty tanks) uplift of the bottom can be expected to occur more frequently than predicted using API 650. However, uplift does not necessarily mean bottom failure. Instead, the relative strength of the shell-to-bottom and roof-to-shell joints will determine failure. This ratio is larger for larger tanks. Recommendations are made as to possible changes in the design approach of API 650.

Lu, Z.; Swenson, D.V.; Fenton, D.L. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A generic security API for symmetric key management on cryptographic devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a new symmetric key management API for cryptographic devices intended to implement security protocols in distributed systems. Our API has a formal security policy and proofs of security in the symbolic model, under various threat scenarios. This sets it apart from previous \\{APIs\\} such as RSA PKCS#11, which are under-specified, lack a clear security policy and are often subject to attacks. Our design is based on the principle of explicitness: the security policy for a key must be given at creation time, and this policy is then included in any ciphertext containing the key. Our API also contains novel features such as the possibility of insisting on a freshness check before accepting an encrypted key for import. To show the applicability of our design, we give an algorithm for automatically instantiating the API commands for a given key management protocol and apply it on the Clark–Jacob protocols suite.

Véronique Cortier; Graham Steel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Web API design considerations for resolving inherent issues in web environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent trend in web application development is moving towards exposing the service functionality through application programming interface (API). Many web-based services start to offer APIs to support application-to-application integration with their consumers on top of the web. The trend has raised the demand for average web developers to know how to design APIs for web-based services. In this paper, we summarise a list of inherent issues in the web that developers should pay attention to, describe how web architecture may help to resolve these issues, and suggest design considerations for web API design. In addition, we demonstrate an experimental design process through a case study to design web API for social bookmarking service.

Hui Ming Teo; Wan Mohd Nasir Wan Kadir

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Alteration of the tertiary structure of the major bee venom allergen Api m 1 by multiple mutations is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alteration of the tertiary structure of the major bee venom allergen Api m 1 by multiple mutations a recombinant form of the major bee venom allergen (Api m 1) with the final goal of reducing its IgE reactivity. This molecule (Api mut) contains 24 mutations and one deletion of 10 amino acids. The successive introduction

Gelb, Michael

300

The Bioverse API and Web Application Michal Guerquin, Jason McDermott, Zach Frazier, and Ram Samudrala  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 22 The Bioverse API and Web Application Michal Guerquin, Jason McDermott, Zach Frazier.1007/978-1-59745-243-4_22 511 #12;an Application Programming Interface (API) that allows specific queries to be issued against the database and a web application that utilises the API to present the data in a browser to Internet users

Samudrala, Ram

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Formal Verification of the SeVeCom HSM API with the Applied -calculus and the ProVerif tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formal Verification of the SeVeCom HSM API with the Applied -calculus and the ProVerif tool Ta Vinh Programming Interface (API) of the HSM. Besides the physical protection provided by the hardware of the HSM, its API must also be secure and resistant against attempts of logical break-ins. Unfortunately

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

302

Abstract 2335: API 31510 - a novel anti-angiogenic modulator of endothelial cells and the tumor microenvironment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of pancreatic carcinoma by Cytotech Labs API 31510 Niven R. Narain 1 Caroline V. Caperton...developed a novel intravenous formulation, API 31510, which induces apoptosis of a pancreatic...weeks after transplantation with MIA Paca2, API 31510 and vehicle controls were administered...

Tony E. Walshe; Justin J. Bourdelais; Vivek Vishnudas; Rangaprasad Sarangarajan; Niven R. Narain

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

Detection of Nosema apis and N. ceranae in honeybee bottom scraps and frass in naturally infected hives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of Nosema apis and N. ceranae in honeybee bottom scraps and frass in naturally infected Abstract ­ Current sampling methods for identification of honeybee microsporidians (Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae) involve killing adult honeybees. The current study monitored the presence of N. apis and N

304

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, Alexander Pucher, Rich Wolski, and Tevfik Bultan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). In this paper, we postulate that recent management, and policy-based control ­ i.e. API governance ­ for extant and future digital assets. Toward

Bigelow, Stephen

305

A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org Richard H. Taylor a,b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor a (API) following REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials data repositories through a RESTful API and a python library enabling ad hoc applications [17]. Other examples of online

Curtarolo, Stefano

306

Gravity Train Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 7, 2013 ... Gravity Train Project. Same page in Romanian, Polish, and in French. Let us drill a straight tunnel from West Lafayette, IN to Paris, France:.

307

Notices Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

742 Federal Register 742 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 27, 2012 / Notices Definitions ................................................................................................. https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Defs.png Sanctions, Burden & Confidentiality ......................................................... https://eiaweb.inl.gov/clearance2012/eiaweb-frm886Info.png SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This information collection request contains: (1) OMB No. 1905-0191; (2) Information Collection Request Title: Annual Survey of Alternative Fueled Vehicles; (3) Type of Request: Revision of currently approved collection; (4a) Purpose: Form EIA-886 is an annual survey that collects information on the number and type of AFVs and other advanced technology vehicles that

308

Urine definition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

definition definition Name: durwood Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What material is urine composed of? Replies: Urine is normally composed of water and wasted products filtered form the body. The kidney produces urine. The other main function of the kidney is to regulate fluid balance in the body. It performs this function by using a selective osmosis system. Basically, the way it works is that electrolytes (dissolved salts like sodium, potassium, calcium, carbonate, chloride) are pumped back into or out of urine and blood so that in the end, just the right amounts of electrolyte and water exit the kidney blood vein. The rest ends up in urine. Interestingly, normal urine is sterile and has no bacteria. psych Urine contains 95% water and 5% solids. More than 1000 different mineral salts and compounds are estimated to be in urine. So far, our scientific community knows of about 200 elements. Some substances are: vitamins, amino acids, antibodies, enzymes, hormones, antigens, interleukins, proteins, immunoglobulins, gastric secretory depressants, tolergens, immunogens, uric acid, urea, proteoses, directin, H-11 (a growth inhibitory factor in human cancer), and urokinase. Believe it or not, scientists have know for years that urine is antibacterial, anti-protozoal, anti-fungal, anti- viral, and anti-tuberculostatic!

309

Counterterms in Lovelock Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we introduce the counterterms that remove the non-logarithmic divergences of the action in third order Lovelock gravity. We do this by defining the cosmological constant in such a way that the asymptotic form of the metric have the same form in Lovelock and Einstein gravities. Thus, we employ the counterterms of Einstein gravity and show that the power law divergences in the action of Lovelock gravity can be removed by suitable choice of coefficients. We find that the dependence of these coefficients on the dimension in Lovelock gravity is the same as in Einstein gravity. We also introduce the finite energy-momentum tensor and employ these counterterms to calculate the finite action and mass of the black hole solutions of third order Lovelock gravity. We calculate the thermodynamic quantities and show that the entropy calculated through the use of Gibbs-Duhem relation is consistent with the obtained entropy by Wald's formula. We, also, find that in contrast to Einstein gravity in which there ex...

Mehdizadeh, M R; Zangeneh, M Kord

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Gravity perturbed Crapper waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves are known to have multi-valued height. Using...gravity-capillary waves with multi-valued height. The...of single-valued and multi-valued travelling waves...absence of gravity, a family of exact solutions is...elliptic functions. Building upon the work by Tanveer...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Selection Rules for the Nonlinear Interactions of Internal Gravity Waves and Inertia-Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Gravity Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Twodimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . . . . .Three dimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . .

Jiang, Chung-Hsiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Biztonsgi API analzis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyn Levente Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biztonsági API analízis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyán Levente Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong@crysys.hu CrySyS Adatbiztonsági Laboratórium BME Híradástechnikai Tanszék Kivonat: Az API szint támadások komoly veszélyt jelentenek a hardver biztonsági modulokra nézve, ezért fontos követelmény az API-ban rejl

Levente, Buttyán

313

American Petroleum Institute (API) Standard 653 compliance program for aboveground storage tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With increased pressure from federal regulators to inspect and maintain aboveground storage tanks -- and with no specific guidelines in API (American Petroleum Institute) Standard 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction -- the need to develop an effective compliance program is warranted. Although many programs can be developed to comply with API Standard 653, this paper presents one interpretation of the document. An API Standard 653 compliance program has several components, including inspection scheduling, engineering evaluations, documentation, repairs and alterations, and the possibility of hydrotesting. Each of these components is integral to the other. Effective coordination of these activities will minimize tank downtime.

Butler, D.M.; Stadler, P.M. (Chicago Bridge Iron Co., Oak Brook, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current video cards (GPUs - Graphics Processing Units) are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers), General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm - AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

Chiuta, Adrian Marius

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lattice Definitions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Orbit Stability Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Main Parameters Lattice Definitions APS storage ring lattice consists of 40 almost identical sectors. Each sector contains two dipoles, ten quadrupoles, seven sextupoles and also has a 5-m-long straight section for placement of Insertion Devices (IDs) or other equipment. Four of these straight sections are occupied with rf cavities, one straight section is used for injection, all others are available for IDs. Also, each sector contains eight steering magnets with both horizontal and vertical correction coils and 11 beam position monitors (BPMs). Due to some space limitations, there are several sectors that have less steering magnets or BPMs. Simple lattice description - one typical sector (elegant input file)

316

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - abelhas apis mellifera Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mellifera forager on orange blossoms at our field site... - 401. Breed, M.D. and T.M. Stiller, 1992. Honey bee, Apis mellifera, nestmate discrimination... -Laurino, M., 1982....

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - abelha apis mellifera Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mellifera forager on orange blossoms at our field site... - 401. Breed, M.D. and T.M. Stiller, 1992. Honey bee, Apis mellifera, nestmate discrimination... -Laurino, M., 1982....

319

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera linnaeus Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Sheffield, UK using colonies of Apis mellifera. Eggs aged 0-24 h were obtained from worker cells... noptres. Ann Sci Nat Zool 19:1-362 Breed MD, Stiller TM (1992) Honeybee,...

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera workers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nies normally prevent the entry of non-nestmate workers from other... for 5 of the 6 study colo- nies (the sixth rejected all non-nestmates), 3 each of Apis mellifera... :...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

An improved method for interpreting API filter press hydraulic conductivity test results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The American Petroleum Institute (API) filter press is frequently used to measure the hydraulic conductivity of soil-bentonite backfill during the mix design process and as part of construction quality controls. However, interpretation of the test results is complicated by the fact that the seepage-induced consolidation pressure varies from zero at the top of the specimen to a maximum value at the bottom of the specimen. An analytical solution is available which relates the stress, compressibility, and hydraulic conductivity in soil consolidated by seepage forces. This paper presents the results of a laboratory investigation undertaken to support application of this theory to API hydraulic conductivity tests. When the API test results are interpreted using seepage consolidation theory, they are in good agreement with the results of consolidometer permeameter tests. Limitations of the API test are also discussed.

Heslin, G.M.; Baxter, D.Y.; Filz, G.M. [Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (United States); Davidson, R.R. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - api filter press Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

press Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api filter press Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA...

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - api x80 soldadas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api x80 soldadas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A Framework for Diversifying Windows Native...

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - api x65 estudio Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

estudio Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api x65 estudio Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Country Host University Provider Course Title...

325

A Static Birthmark of Binary Executables Based on API Call Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A software birthmark is a unique characteristic of a program that can be used as a software theft detection. In this paper we suggest and empirically evaluate a static birthmark of binary executables based on API

Seokwoo Choi; Heewan Park; Hyun-il Lim…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Performance Issues of Synchronisation in the MPI-2 One-Sided Communication API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient implementation of one-sided communication for cluster environments is a challenging task. Here, we present and discuss performance issues which are inherently created by the design of the MPI-2 API ...

Lars Schneidenbach; David Böhme…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Help:US Utility Rate Database API Tutorial | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Help page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Help:US Utility Rate Database API Tutorial Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Using the OpenEI Application Programming...

328

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

329

NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.

Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

330

Variation in and Responses to Brood Pheromone of the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? ? VARIATION?IN?AND?RESPONSES?TO?BROOD?PHEROMONE?OF? THE?HONEY?BEE?(Apis?mellifera)? ? ? A?Dissertation? ? by? ? BRADLEY?NORMAN?METZ? ? ? ? ? Submitted?to?the?Office?of?Graduate?Studies?of? Texas?A&M?University? in...?partial?fulfillment?of?the?requirements?for?the?degree?of? ? DOCTOR?OF?PHILOSOPHY? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? December?2009? ? ? ? Major?Subject:?Entomology? ? ? VARIATION?IN?AND?RESPONSES?TO?BROOD?PHEROMONE?OF? THE?HONEY?BEE?(Apis?mellifera)? ? ? A?Dissertation? ? by? ? BRADLEY...

Metz, Bradley N.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

331

Modifications of gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...requirement of cold dark matter (CDM...gravity|cosmology|dark energy| 1. Introduction...cosmology). The discovery that the expansion...the form of cold dark matter (CDM...and perhaps dark energy (DE) [22-26...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Purely affine Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a topological theory of gravity with torsion where metric has a dynamical rather than a kinematical origin. This approach towards gravity resembles pre-geometrical approaches in which a fundamental metric does not exist, but the affine connection gives place to a local inertial structure. Such feature reminds us of Mach's principle, that assumes the inertial forces should have dynamical origin. Additionally, a Newtonian gravitational force is obtained in the non-relativistic limit of the theory.

Skirzewski, Aureliano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Purely affine Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a topological theory of gravity with torsion where metric has a dynamical rather than a kinematical origin. This approach towards gravity resembles pre-geometrical approaches in which a fundamental metric does not exist, but the affine connection gives place to a local inertial structure. Such feature reminds us of Mach's principle, that assumes the inertial forces should have dynamical origin. Additionally, a Newtonian gravitational force is obtained in the non-relativistic limit of the theory.

Aureliano Skirzewski; Oscar Castillo-Felisola

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

334

Is the Sample Good Enough? Comparing Data from Twitter's Streaming API with Twitter's Firehose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twitter is a social media giant famous for the exchange of short, 140-character messages called "tweets". In the scientific community, the microblogging site is known for openness in sharing its data. It provides a glance into its millions of users and billions of tweets through a "Streaming API" which provides a sample of all tweets matching some parameters preset by the API user. The API service has been used by many researchers, companies, and governmental institutions that want to extract knowledge in accordance with a diverse array of questions pertaining to social media. The essential drawback of the Twitter API is the lack of documentation concerning what and how much data users get. This leads researchers to question whether the sampled data is a valid representation of the overall activity on Twitter. In this work we embark on answering this question by comparing data collected using Twitter's sampled API service with data collected using the full, albeit costly, Firehose stream that includes every s...

Morstatter, Fred; Liu, Huan; Carley, Kathleen M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

The E3 ubiquitin ligases ?-TrCP and FBXW7 cooperatively mediates GSK3-dependent Mcl-1 degradation induced by the Akt inhibitor API-1, resulting in apoptosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The novel Akt inhibitor, API-1, induces apoptosis through undefined mechanisms. ... study focuses on revealing the mechanisms by which API-1 induces apoptosis.

Hui Ren; Junghui Koo; Baoxiang Guan; Ping Yue; Xingming Deng…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Resummation of Massive Gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct four-dimensional covariant nonlinear theories of massive gravity which are ghost-free in the decoupling limit to all orders. These theories resume explicitly all the nonlinear terms of an effective field theory of massive gravity. We show that away from the decoupling limit the Hamiltonian constraint is maintained at least up to and including quartic order in nonlinearities, hence excluding the possibility of the Boulware-Deser ghost up to this order. We also show that the same remains true to all orders in a similar toy model.

Rham, Claudia de [Department de Physique Theorique, Universite de Geneve, 24 Quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneve (Switzerland); Gabadadze, Gregory [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York 10003 (United States); Tolley, Andrew J. [Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States)

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Gravity_Survey_At_Cove_Fort_Area_(Warpinski,_Et_Al.,_2004)&oldid=598130" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities

338

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject? Try out the HTML to PDF API Phase transition and Critical Phenomenon Mustansir Barma barma Spring 2004

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

339

Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

340

Phenomenological Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planck scale physics represents a future challenge, located between particle physics and general relativity. The Planck scale marks a threshold beyond which the old description of spacetime breaks down and conceptually new phenomena must appear. In the last years, increased efforts have been made to examine the phenomenology of quantum gravity, even if the full theory is still unknown.

S. Hossenfelder

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

New standards in flexible pipe technology including API Spec 17J  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent and future developments in the offshore industry will see the use of flexible pipes in more severe applications than previously. Included in this is its use in deep water, high temperature, high pressure and sour service applications. There is therefore a requirement in the industry for the development of consistent standards for the specification, design, materials, manufacturing and testing of flexible pipes. A Joint Industry Project (JIP) commenced early in 1994 to develop these new industry wide standards for unbonded flexible pipe. The 20 participants to the JIP included twelve oil companies, three manufacturers, three regulatory authorities and three contractors. The first phase of the project involved the development of a standard specification for flexible pipe, with a second phase, presently ongoing, to develop a new recommended practice for flexible pipe. The initial development of the industry standard specification was completed in May of 1995 and the document was subsequently submitted to API for technical review. This was completed by December 1995. The specification was updated accordingly in cooperation between API and the JIP, and subsequently released in January 1996 for API balloting. The specification is expected to be adopted and published as API Spec 17J by the middle of 1996. The specification will also be incorporated during 1996 into the new ISO series of standards for subsea equipment. The recommended practice will update API RP 17B to supplement the pipe specification and incorporate new technological developments. This paper discusses the scope, including new developments, addressed by API Spec 17J and also describes significant aspects in the updating of the recommended practice. This development of new standards within the flexible pipe industry is in line with the objectives of initiatives such as CRINE and NORSOK.

Grealish, F.W.; Bliault, A.; Caveny, K.P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider, and confirm that gravity is regularized in these set-ups. We give a geometrical interpretation of the presence of the critical tension, and comment on the difference between the results in the literature and our results, which we support with a numerical calculation. Regarding the dRGT massive gravity, we focus on the branch of solutions in which the Vainshtein mechanism can occur. We determine analytically the number and properties of local solutions which exist asymptotically on large scales (but still below the gravitational Compton wavelength), and of local (inner) solutions which exist on small scales. We characterize exactly the properties of global solutions in every point of the phase space, and characterize precisely in which regions the Vainshtein mechanism takes place. We also provide numerical solutions which confirm our analysis.

Fulvio Sbisa'

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

343

The Novel Akt Inhibitor API-1 Induces c-FLIP Degradation and Synergizes with TRAIL to Augment Apoptosis Independent of Akt Inhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research Articles The Novel Akt Inhibitor API-1 Induces c-FLIP Degradation and Synergizes...Coalition Distinguished Cancer Scholars. API-1 (pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines...this study, we reveal a novel function of API-1 in regulation of cellular FLICE-inhibitory...

Bo Li; Hui Ren; Ping Yue; Mingwei Chen; Fadlo R. Khuri; Shi-Yong Sun

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& D version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

345

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& A. Ray akr Nuclear Physics& R a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II@$* Deepak Dhar

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

346

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& Devendra.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Electrodynamics I Numerical Methods

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

347

Abstract 261: The novel Akt inhibitor API-1 induces c-FLIP degradation and synergizes with TRAIL to augment apoptosis independent of Akt inhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4, 2012; Chicago, IL Abstract 1130: API 31510 induced shift in mitochondrial metabolism...Natick, MA 2Berg Pharma, Cambridge, MA API 31510 is an ubidecarenone-based small...relationship of mitochondrial metabolism and API 31510 induced apoptosis on different cancer...

Bo Li; Hui Rentsch; Ping Yue; Mingwei Chen; Fadlo R. Khuri; Shiyong Sun

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

348

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Topics in Theoretical Physics Kedar Damle a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Admission SBP-guidelines Events Courses Contact SBP-members SBP Home

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

349

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Share Facebook Tw itter Share StumbleUpon Email  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Share a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API MORE INFORMATION ARBORETUM PLANT SALE ARBORETUM PLANT SALE Where a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API well drilling boom 1 month, 1 week ago "Normal" irrigation can make

Pasternack, Gregory B.

350

Influence of sulfate reducing bacterial biofilm on corrosion behavior of low-alloy, high-strength steel (API-5L X80)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-strength steel (API-5L X80) Faisal M. AlAbbas a,*, Charles Williamson b , Shaily M. Bhola a , John R. Spear b in revised form 25 October 2012 Accepted 25 October 2012 Available online Keywords: Carbon steel API 5L X80. This work investigates microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of API 5L X80 linepipe steel by sulfate

351

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Courses #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Reading Courses

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

352

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& D. Narasimha/D. Ojha dna/ojha Nuclear Physics& Indranil a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II@$* Sunil Mukhi

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

353

Abstract 1130: API 31510 induced shift in mitochondrial metabolism in cancer cells is characterized by increased mitochondrial efficiency and induction of apoptosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CA Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...to gefitinib (an EGFR inhibitor) with API-2 (a selective Akt inhibitor) by increasing...investigated whether combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...

Enxuan Jing; Vivek Vishnudas; Joaquin J. Jimnenez; Niven R. Narain; Rangaprasad Sarangarajan

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

The leak resistance of 2-inch N-80 API treaded tubular connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE LEAK RESISTANCE OF 2-INCH N-80 API THREAD TOBULAR CONNECTION A Thesis Peter D. Weiner Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE January 1961 Ma)or Subject: Mechanical Engineering THE LEAK RESISTANCE OF 2-INCH N-80 API THREADED TUBULAR COHHECTIOH A Thesis By Peter D. Weiner Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of ittee Head of Department January 1961...

Weiner, Peter Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

355

Commercialization and Late-Stage Development of a Semisynthetic Antifungal API: Anidulafungin/d-Fructose (Eraxis)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercialization and Late-Stage Development of a Semisynthetic Antifungal API: Anidulafungin/d-Fructose (Eraxis) ... In first-generation processes, the reaction medium was initially quenched into acetonitrile to precipitate crude 1. ... Clarification, however, is necessary for this API to render it speck-free from extraneous particulate matter, but armed with the above information the initial dissolution process operation was carried out at the lower end of the allowable process range to facilitate minimal formation of 9 during processing as a practical compromise. ...

Timothy Norris; John VanAlsten; Stephen Hubbs; Marcus Ewing; Weiling Cai; Matthew L. Jorgensen; Jon Bordner; Grace O. Jensen

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

356

Gravity, Gauges and Clocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the definitions of standard clocks in theories of gravitation. These definitions are motivated by the invariance of actions under different gauge symmetries. We contrast the definition of a standard Weyl clock with that of a clock in general relativity and argue that the historical criticisms of theories based on non-metric compatible connections by Einstein, Pauli and others must be considered in the context of Weyl's original gauge symmetry. We argue that standard Einsteinian clocks can be defined in non-Riemannian theories of gravitation by adopting the Weyl group as a local gauge symmetry that {\\it preserves the metric} and discuss the hypothesis that atomic clocks may be adopted to measure proper time in the presence of non-Riemannian gravitational fields. These ideas are illustrated in terms of a recently developed model of gravitation based on a non-Riemannian space-time geometry.

Pierre Teyssandier; Robin W Tucker

1995-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

357

Viscosity in modified gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bulk viscosity is introduced in the formalism of modified gravity. It is shown that, on the basis of a natural scaling law for the viscosity, a simple solution can be found for quantities such as the Hubble parameter and the energy density. These solutions may incorporate a viscosity-induced Big Rip singularity. By introducing a phase transition in the cosmic fluid, the future singularity can nevertheless in principle be avoided.

Iver Brevik

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

358

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Gravity, Dimension, Equilibrium, & Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Is it actually possible to interpret gravitation as space's property in a pure classical way. Then, we note that extended self-gravitating system equilibrium depends directly on the number of dimension of the space in which it evolves. Given those precisions, we review the principal thermodynamical knowledge in the context of classical gravity with arbitrary dimension of space. Stability analyses for bounded 3D systems, namely the Antonov instability paradigm, are then rapproched to some amazing properties of globular clusters and galaxies.

Jerome Perez

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider...

Sbisà, Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Tagged Neutron Source for API Inspection Systems with Greatly Enhanced Spatial Resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently developed induced fission and transmission imaging methods with time- and directionally-tagged neutrons offer new capabilities for characterization of fissile material configurations and enhanced detection of special nuclear materials (SNM). An Advanced Associated Particle Imaging (API) generator with higher angular resolution and neutron yield than existing systems is needed to fully exploit these methods.

None

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Identification of Staphylococcus species with the API STAPH-IDENT system.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The API STAPH-IDENT strip utilizes a battery of 10 miniaturized biochemical tests...by the manufacturer) were added to the battery, 95 to 96% of the profiles generated...John- son. 1969. A batch procedure for thermal elution of DNA from hydroxyapatite. Anal...

W E Kloos; J F Wolfshohl

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

ACME: Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 1.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; VOTH, THOMAS E.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

ACME - Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; SUMMERS, RANDALL M.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

ACME Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 0.3a  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.; SUMMERS, RANDALL M.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twitter has captured the interest of the scientific community not only for its massive user base and content, but also for its openness in sharing its data. Twitter shares a free 1% sample of its tweets through the "Streaming API", a service that returns a sample of tweets according to a set of parameters set by the researcher. Recently, research has pointed to evidence of bias in the data returned through the Streaming API, raising concern in the integrity of this data service for use in research scenarios. While these results are important, the methodologies proposed in previous work rely on the restrictive and expensive Firehose to find the bias in the Streaming API data. In this work we tackle the problem of finding sample bias without the need for "gold standard" Firehose data. Namely, we focus on finding time periods in the Streaming API data where the trend of a hashtag is significantly different from its trend in the true activity on Twitter. We propose a solution that focuses on using an open data so...

Morstatter, Fred; Liu, Huan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Continuous API-crystal coating via coacervation in a tubular reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a proof-of-concept study of a continuous coating process of single API crystals in a tubular reactor using coacervation as a microencapsulation technique. Continuous API crystal coating can have several advantages, as in a single step (following crystallization) individual crystals can be prepared with a functional coating, either to change the release behavior, to protect the API from gastric juice or to modify the surface energetics of the API (i.e., to tailor the hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics, flowability or agglomeration tendency, etc.). The coating process was developed for the microencapsulation of a lipophilic core material (ibuprofen crystals of 20 ?m- to 100 ?m-size), with either hypromellose phthalate (HPMCP) or Eudragit L100-55. The core material was suspended in an aqueous solution containing one of these enteric polymers, fed into the tubing and mixed continuously with a sodium sulfate solution as an antisolvent to induce coacervation. A subsequent temperature treatment was applied to optimize the microencapsulation of crystals via the polymer-rich coacervate phase. Cross-linking of the coating shell was achieved by mixing the processed material with an acidic solution (pH < 3). Flow rates, temperature profiles and polymer-to-antisolvent ratios had to be tightly controlled to avoid excessive aggregation, leading to pipe plugging. This work demonstrates the potential of a tubular reactor design for continuous coating applications and is the basis for future work, combining continuous crystallization and coating.

M.O. Besenhard; A. Thurnberger; R. Hohl; E. Faulhammer; J. Rattenberger; J.G. Khinast

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

ACME algorithms for contact in a multiphysics environment API version 2.2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

Heinstein, Martin Wilhelm; Glass, Micheal W.; Gullerud, Arne S.; Brown, Kevin H.; Voth, Thomas Eugene; Jones, Reese E.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers indicated that a different type not similar between different researchers and between different water managers. Thus it would not be possible that implements a simplified visual interface to the model is provided as an example of using the What is Water

Hall, Sharon J.

370

Geometric scalar theory of gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a geometric scalar theory of gravity. Our proposal will be described using the ''background field method'' introduced by Gupta, Feynman, Deser and others as a field theory formulation of general relativity. We analyze previous criticisms against scalar gravity and show how the present proposal avoids these difficulties. This concerns not only the theoretical complaints but also those related to observations. In particular, we show that the widespread belief of the conjecture that the source of scalar gravity must be the trace of the energy-momentum tensor — which is one of the main difficulties to couple gravity with electromagnetic phenomenon in previous models — does not apply to our geometric scalar theory. From the very beginning this is not a special relativistic scalar gravity. The adjective ''geometric'' pinpoints its similarity with general relativity: this is a metric theory of gravity. Some consequences of this new scalar theory are explored.

Novello, M.; Bittencourt, E.; Goulart, E.; Salim, J.M.; Toniato, J.D. [Instituto de Cosmologia Relatividade Astrofisica ICRA - CBPF Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150 - 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro - Brazil (Brazil); Moschella, U., E-mail: novello@cbpf.br, E-mail: eduhsb@cbpf.br, E-mail: Ugo.Moschella@uninsubria.it, E-mail: egoulart@cbpf.br, E-mail: jsalim@cbpf.br, E-mail: toniato@cbpf.br [Università degli Studi dell'Insubria - Dipartamento di Fisica e Matematica Via Valleggio 11 - 22100 Como - Italy (Italy)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10.1002/spe.2215 Some structural measures of API usability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this age of collaborative software development, the importance of usable APIs is well recognized. There already exists a rich body of literature that addresses issues ranging from how to design usable APIs to assessing qualitatively the usability of a given API. However, there does not yet exist a set of generalpurpose metrics that can be pressed into service for a more quantitative assessment of API usability. The goal of this paper is to remedy this shortcoming in the literature. Our work presents a set of formulas that examine the API method declarations from the perspective of several commonly held beliefs regarding what makes APIs difficult to use. We validate the numerical characterizations of API usability as produced by our

Softw Pract Exper; Girish Maskeri Rama; Avinash Kak

372

Assessing air quality in Hong Kong: A proposed, revised air pollution index (API)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Environment Protection Department of Hong Kong has been using an air pollution index (API) to report the status of ambient air quality since 1995. Such an index system was first developed by the USA Environmental Protection Authority. The API compares five main air pollutants, i.e. sulfur dioxide (SO2), respirable suspended particulates (RSP), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and Ozone (O3) as sub-indexes, which are calculated separately from a segmented linear function that transforms ambient pollutants concentrations into a normalized scale extending from 0 to 500. The resultant pollution level is described by the maximal value of these five sub-indexes. The limitation of this API system is that it considers only one pollutant with the maximum value at a time but reflects other pollutants concurrently. In this study, a revised air quality index (RAPI) is proposed based on the entropy function, which combines the effect of all pollutants on public health. The design of the revised index is based on database of air pollutants collected at two air quality monitoring stations in Hong Kong, i.e. a roadside station in Mong Kok and a general station in Sha Tin. Compared with the existing API, values of RAPI (calculated from data collected for API) at both stations are at higher levels and provide more information of levels of all pollutants. Therefore, RAPI should be representatively and widely used to provide the public with a better indicator of air quality. In addition, variations and oscillations of pollutants concentrations were also examined and the results show that RSP and NO2 contribute more to the overall pollution level than other components. It is suggested that more abatement strategies be focused on these pollutants to improve air quality in the future.

Wei-Zhen Lu; Hong-di He; Andrew Y.T. Leung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Dual gravity and E11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the equation of motion in the gravity sector that arises from the non-linear realisation of the semi-direct product of E11 and its first fundamental representation, denoted by l1, in four dimensions. This equation is first order in derivatives and at low levels relates the usual field of gravity to a dual gravity field. When the generalised space-time is restricted to be the usual four dimensional space-time we show that this equation does correctly describe Einstein's theory at the linearised level. We also comment on previous discussions of dual gravity.

Peter West

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

Dual gravity and E11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the equation of motion in the gravity sector that arises from the non-linear realisation of the semi-direct product of E11 and its first fundamental representation, denoted by l1, in four dimensions. This equation is first order in derivatives and at low levels relates the usual field of gravity to a dual gravity field. When the generalised space-time is restricted to be the usual four dimensional space-time we show that this equation does correctly describe Einstein's theory at the linearised level. We also comment on previous discussions of dual gravity.

West, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Echoes of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation is progressing at a phenomenal rate, both experimentally and theoretically. These anisotropies can teach us an enormous amount about the way that fluctuations were generated and the way they subsequently evolved into the clustered galaxies which are observed today. In particular, on sub-degree scales the rich structure in the anisotropy spectrum is the consequence of gravity-driven acoustic oscillations occurring before the matter in the universe became neutral. The frozen-in phases of these sound waves imprint a dependence on many cosmological parameters, that we may be on the verge of extracting.

Douglas Scott; Martin White

1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

376

Fluid Gravity Engineering Rocket motor flow analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Gravity Engineering Capability · Rocket motor flow analysis -Internal (performance) -External young scientists/engineers Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd #12;

Anand, Mahesh

377

Generalized quantum gravity condensates for homogeneous geometries and cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a generalized class of quantum gravity condensate states, that allows the description of continuum homogeneous quantum geometries within the full theory. They are based on similar ideas already applied to extract effective cosmological dynamics from the group field theory formalism, and thus also from loop quantum gravity. However, they represent an improvement over the simplest condensates used in the literature, in that they are defined by an infinite superposition of graph-based states encoding in a precise way the topology of the spatial manifold. The construction is based on the definition of refinement operators on spin network states, written in a second quantized language. The construction lends itself easily to be applied also to the case of spherically symmetric quantum geometries.

Daniele Oriti; Daniele Pranzetti; James P. Ryan; Lorenzo Sindoni

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

378

Reduced models for quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The preceding talks given at this conference have dealt mainly with general ideas for, main problems of and techniques for the task of quantizing gravity canonically. Since one of the major motivations to arrange for this meeting was that it should serve as a beginner's introduction to canonical quantum gravity, we regard it as important to demonstrate the usefulness of the formalism by means of applying it to simplified models of quantum gravity, here formulated in terms of Ashtekar's new variables. From the various, completely solvable, models that have been discussed in the literature we choose those that we consider as most suitable for our pedagogical reasons, namely 2+1 gravity and the spherically symmetric model. The former model arises from a dimensional, the latter from a Killing reduction of full 3+1 gravity. While 2+1 gravity is usually treated in terms of closed topologies without boundary of the initial data hypersurface, the toplogy for the spherically symmetric system is chosen to be asymptotically flat. Finally, 2+1 gravity is more suitably quantized using the loop representation while spherically symmetric gravity is easier to quantize via the self-dual representation. Accordingly, both types of reductions, both types of topologies and both types of representations that are mainly employed in the literature in the context of the new variables come into practice. What makes the discussion especially clear is the fact that for both models the reduced phase space turns out to be finitely dimensional.

T. Thiemann

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

379

Identification ofCorynebacterium jeikeium andCorynebacterium CDC group D 2 with the API 20 strep system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A total of 170 strains ofCorynebacterium jeikeium and 23 strains ofCorynebacterium...group D2 were examined in three British laboratories using the API 20 Strep identification system and three supplementary...Cor...

G. Tillotson; M. Arora; M. Robbins…

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Gravity Waves in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical simulations of penetrative convection and gravity wave excitation in the Sun. Gravity waves are self-consistently generated by a convective zone overlying a radiative interior. We produce power spectra for gravity waves in the radiative region as well as estimates for the energy flux of gravity waves below the convection zone. We calculate a peak energy flux in waves below the convection zone to be three orders of magnitude smaller than previous estimates for m=1. The simulations show that the linear dispersion relation is a good approximation only deep below the convective-radiative boundary. Both low frequency propagating gravity waves as well as higher frequency standing modes are generated; although we find that convection does not continually drive the standing g-mode frequencies.

Tamara M. Rogers; Gary A. Glatzmaier

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dry coating of micronized API powders for improved dissolution of directly compacted tablets with high drug loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by our recent study showing improved flow and dissolution rate of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) powders (20 ?m) produced via simultaneous micronization and surface modification through continuous fluid energy milling (FEM) process, the performance of blends and direct compacted tablets with high drug loading is examined. Performance of 50 ?m API powders dry coated without micronization is also considered for comparison. Blends of micronized, non-micronized, dry coated or uncoated API powders at 30, 60 and 70% drug loading, are examined. The results show that the blends containing dry coated API powders, even micronized ones, have excellent flowability and high bulk density compared to the blends containing uncoated API, which are required for direct compaction. As the drug loading increases, the difference between dry coated and uncoated blends is more pronounced, as seen in the proposed bulk density-FFC phase map. Dry coating led to improved tablet compactibility profiles, corresponding with the improvements in blend compressibility. The most significant advantage is in tablet dissolution where for all drug loadings, the t80 for the tablets with dry coated \\{APIs\\} was well under 5 min, indicating that this approach can produce nearly instant release direct compacted tablets at high drug loadings.

Xi Han; Chinmay Ghoroi; Rajesh Davé

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy Contents of Gravitational Waves in Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conserved quantities, that are, gravitational energy-momentum and its relevant quantities are investigated for cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves in the framework of teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity using the Hamiltonian approach. For both cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves, we obtain definite energy and constant momentum. The constant momentum shows consistency with the results available in General Relativity and teleparallel gravity. The angular momentum for cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves also turn out to be constant. Further, we evaluate their gravitational energy-momentum fluxes and gravitational pressure.

M. Sharif; Sumaira Taj

2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

Quantity comparison of concurrency control methods for XML database systems based on DOM API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Existing works on processing of eXtensible Markup Language (XML) documents have been concentrated on query optimisation, storage problems, documents transformation, compressing methods and normalisation. There are only few papers on concurrency control in accessing and modifying XML documents, which are stored in XML database systems. The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare the quantity of concurrency control methods for XML database systems based on DOM API.

Krzysztof Jankiewicz; Aleksandra Siekierska; Maciej Siekierski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Synergistic effect of stray current and stress on corrosion of API X65 steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of stray current and stress on corrosion of API X65 steel in simulated solution of the alkaline soil in Daqing in China was investigated using corrosion potential test, potentiodynamic polarization measurement, as well as surface analysis techniques. A mathematical relationship between corrosion rate and yield strength, direct current (DC) stray current density was obtained by multiple linear regression. The results demonstrate that, the corrosion potential of API X65 steel with and without superimposed DC stray current all shifted negatively, and the corrosion current density increases with the enhancement of tensile stress in solution. The corrosion current density under the synergistic effect of stress and stray current is much higher than corrosion current density that single factor (stress or stray current) induced. Comparing with the stress, the effect of stray current on corrosion rate of API X65 steel is more significant in elastic deformation. Mutation in corrosion potential and corrosion rate appeared when the strain reaches plastic deformation. This work provides reference suggestion for pipeline safety design and operation, where the corrosion enhancement due to the synergistic effect of stray current and stress should be considered.

Xinhua Wang; Xinghua Tang; Liwei Wang; Cui Wang; Wenqing Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

SAGA: A Simple API for Grid Applications -- High-Level ApplicationProgramming on the Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid technology has matured considerably over the past fewyears. Progress in both implementation and standardization is reaching alevel of robustness that enables production quality deployments of gridservices in the academic research community with heightened interest andearly adoption in the industrial community. Despite this progress, gridapplications are far from ubiquitous, and new applications require anenormous amount of programming effort just to see first light. A keyimpediment to accelerated deployment of grid applications is the scarcityof high-level application programming abstractions that bridge the gapbetween existing grid middle-ware and application-level needs. The SimpleAPI for Grid Applications (SAGA [1]) is a GGF standardization effort thataddresses this particular gap by providing a simple, stable, and uniformprogramming interface that integrates the most common grid programmingabstractions. These most common abstractions were identified through theanalysis of several existing and emerging Grid applications. In thisarticle, we present the SAGA effort, describe its relationship to otherGrid API efforts within the GGF community, and introduce the first draftof the API using some application programming examples.

Goodale, Tom; Jha, Shantenu; Kaiser, Hartmut; Kielmann, Thilo; Kleijer, Pascal; von Laszewski, Gregor; Lee, Craig; Merzky, Andre; Rajic,Hrabri; Shalf, John

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

I. Definition and Scope  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 - Smart Grid RFI Page 2 November 1, 2010 I. Definition and Scope I.1. We invite comment however on whether this [Title XIII] is the best way to define the smart grid. What significant policy challenges are likely to remain unaddressed if we employ Title XIII's definition? If the definition is overly broad, what policy risks emerge as a result? * While Title XIII starts framing the necessary committee's and organizations needed to start outlining the Smart Grid discussion, it is lacking in the clear definition of the objectives that the Department of Energy (DOE) should be trying to convey to the public and industry. * Policy challenges will always continue to exist with a topic with the breadth and depth of Smart Grid. However, by steering the discussion towards what the objectives of Smart

387

Proposal for a Data Management API within the GridRPC Y. Caniou, E. Caron, F. Desprez, G. Le Mahec, H. Nakada and Y. Tanimura  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for a Data Management API within the GridRPC Y. Caniou, E. Caron, F. Desprez, G. Le Mahec.92:2010-03-21) provides a recommendation to the Grid community on a proposed model and API for data management to Grid This document follows the document produced by the GridRPC-WG on GridRPC Model and API for End-User applications

Caniou, Yves

388

Gravity Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Techniques Gravity Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Geophysical Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and the deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

389

Definition of Energy Efficiency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Users Energy Efficiency Page Energy Efficiency Definition Energy Efficiency: Definition Stairs) "Take the Stairs--Be More Energy Efficient" Person A interprets the sign as the "true" definition of energy efficiency. To Person A, the elevator is not being used. He is still getting to where he wants to go and using less energy in doing so. Person B considers the fact that she is not getting to where she is going with the same ease. She does not believe that she is being energy efficient, but instead she believes that she is "conserving energy" at a reduced level of service-she has to walk instead of ride. When it comes to trying to define "to be energy efficient" or "energy efficiency", there does not seem to be a single commonly-accepted definition of energy efficiency. Along the lines of Person B's thinking, it is generally thought that an increase in energy efficiency is when either energy inputs are reduced for a given level of service, or there are increased or enhanced services for a given amount of energy inputs.

390

Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4) 4) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At San Francisco Volcanic Field Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location San Francisco Volcanic Field Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Northern Arizona University has re-assessed the existing exploration data, geologically mapped the target area, obtained rock samples for age dating and mineral chemistry, performed gravity and magnetic surveys, and integrated these results to identify potential drilling targets and sites. Further work may occur in 2004 or 2005. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects

391

Overview of Recent Developments on Generic Security Services Applica... http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse571-07/ftp/gss-api/ 1 of 9 12/19/2007 5:12 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse571-07/ftp/gss-api/ 1 of 9 12/19/2007 5:12 PM Overview of Recent Developments on Generic Security Security Service Application Programming Interface (GSS-API). After ten years of experience with GSS-API, the Kitten (GSS-API Next Generation) Working Group was formed to continue this development. This paper looks

Jain, Raj

392

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Aspects of Field Theory S. Trivedi

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

393

Chimeras of Bet v 1 and Api g 1 reveal heterogeneous IgE responses in patients with birch pollen allergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Characterization of IgE-binding epitopes of allergens and determination of their patient-specific relevance is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of allergy. Objective We sought to assess the contribution of specific surface areas of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1.0101 to binding IgE of individual patients. Methods Four distinct areas of Bet v 1 representing in total 81% of its surface were grafted onto the scaffold of its homolog, Api g 1.0101, to yield the chimeras Api-Bet-1 to Api-Bet-4. The chimeras were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. IgE binding of 64 sera from Bet v 1–sensitized subjects with birch pollen allergy was determined by using direct ELISA. Specificity was assessed by means of inhibition ELISA. Results rApi g 1.0101, Api-Bet-1, Api-Bet-2, Api-Bet-3, and Api-Bet-4 bound IgE from 44%, 89%, 80%, 78%, and 48% of the patients, respectively. By comparing the amount of IgE binding to the chimeras and to rApi g 1.0101, 81%, 70%, 75%, and 45% of the patients showed significantly enhanced IgE binding to Api-Bet-1, Api-Bet-2, Api-Bet-3, and Api-Bet-4, respectively. The minority (8%) of the sera revealed enhanced IgE binding exclusively to a single chimera, whereas 31% showed increased IgE binding to all 4 chimeras compared with rApi g 1.0101. The chimeras inhibited up to 70% of IgE binding to rBet v 1.0101, confirming the specific IgE recognition of the grafted regions. Conclusion The Bet v 1–specific IgE response is polyclonal, and epitopes are spread across the entire Bet v 1 surface. Furthermore, the IgE recognition profile of Bet v 1 is highly patient specific.

Barbara Gepp; Nina Lengger; Merima Bublin; Wolfgang Hemmer; Heimo Breiteneder; Christian Radauer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Sharing Basics Definitions Some funding agencies require the grantee institution the project costs. Cost sharing is defined as project costs not borne by the sponsor. Cost sharing funds may resources or facilities. If the award is federal, only acceptable non-federal costs qualify as cost sharing

Finley Jr., Russell L.

395

Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with EGFR and Akt, leading to impaired DNA-PK-mediated DNA repair and increased autophagy.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CA Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...to gefitinib (an EGFR inhibitor) with API-2 (a selective Akt inhibitor) by increasing...investigated whether combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...

Khong Bee Kang; Congju Zhu; Yin Ling Wong; Sook Kwin Yong; Meng Cheong Wong

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage,Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work focuses on research and development activities that bridge a gap between fundamental data management technology index, query, storage and retrieval and use of such technology in computational and computer science algorithms and applications. The work has resulted in a streamlined applications programming interface (API) that simplifies data storage and retrieval using the HDF5 data I/O library, and eases use of the FastBit compressed bitmap indexing software for data indexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery, will have broad applications in domain sciences as well as associated data analysis and visualization applications.

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu,Kesheng

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Definition und Klassifizierung von Energiespeichern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abb. 2.3 Definition von sektorenübergreifenden Energiespeichern am Beispiel von Power-to-Heat, flexibler Kraft-W...

Michael Sterner; Ingo Stadler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Designing surveys for tests of gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Bean and Andrew Taylor Designing surveys for tests of gravity Bhuvnesh Jain * * bjain@physics...that the observational programme developed to test dark energy needs to be augmented to capture new tests of gravity on astrophysical scales. Several...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Kerr geometry in f(T) gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Null tetrads are shown to be a valuable tool in teleparallel theories of modified gravity. We use them to prove that Kerr geometry remains a solution for a wide family of f(T) theories of gravity.

Cecilia Bejarano; Rafael Ferraro; María José Guzmán

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Category:ISGAN Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISGAN Definitions ISGAN Definitions Jump to: navigation, search ISGAN logo.png Looking for the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the ISGAN Smart Grid Glossary. Add.png Add a Smart Grid definition Pages in category "ISGAN Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 238 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Definition:Adaptive Protection Definition:Adjacent Balancing Authority Definition:Advanced Interrupting Switch Definition:Advanced Metering Infrastructure (Ami) / Smart Meters Definition:Adverse Reliability Impact Definition:Altitude Correction Factor Definition:Ancillary Service Definition:Ancillary Services Revenue Definition:Anti-Aliasing Filter Definition:Area Control Error Definition:Arranged Interchange

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Experimental study of hot deformation behavior in API X65 steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hot deformation behavior of API X65 steel was investigated by hot compression tests. A temperature range between 950 and 1150 °C was used for experiments with different strain rates of 0.01, 0.1 and 1 s?1. The obtained flow curves were used together with work hardening rate analyses to study the dynamic recrystallization (DRX) behavior of the tested steel. The retardation of DRX in higher Zener–Hollomon parameter (Z) values was observed. In lower Z values however, transition from single peak DRX to multiple peaks DRX occurred. Different constitutive equations, including the power law, the exponential law and the hyperbolic sine law were used to express the Z parameter as a function of the peak stress. A new procedure was proposed to determine the optimum value of stress multiplier (?) in the hyperbolic sine law equation. This equation with the proposed procedure had the best performance for modeling the DRX behavior of API X65 steel. Furthermore, the relationship between the Z parameter and the peak stress was investigated using the power law relation. This gave the Z exponent of 0.173 for peak stress and 0.153 for peak strain. The normalized critical stress and strain for initiation of DRX were found to be 0.89 and 0.6, respectively. The obtained results are in general consistent with the experimental results from similar works.

M. Rakhshkhorshid; S.H. Hashemi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

LBMD : a layer-based mesh data structure tailored for generic API infrastructures.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new mesh data structure is introduced for the purpose of mesh processing in Application Programming Interface (API) infrastructures. This data structure utilizes a reduced mesh representation to increase its ability to handle significantly larger meshes compared to full mesh representation. In spite of the reduced representation, each mesh entity (vertex, edge, face, and region) is represented using a unique handle, with no extra storage cost, which is a crucial requirement in most API libraries. The concept of mesh layers makes the data structure more flexible for mesh generation and mesh modification operations. This flexibility can have a favorable impact in solver based queries of finite volume and multigrid methods. The capabilities of LBMD make it even more attractive for parallel implementations using Message Passing Interface (MPI) or Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). The data structure is associated with a new classification method to relate mesh entities to their corresponding geometrical entities. The classification technique stores the related information at the node level without introducing any ambiguities. Several examples are presented to illustrate the strength of this new data structure.

Ebeida, Mohamed S.; Knupp, Patrick Michael

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Modified gravity and the CMB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the effect of modified gravity on the peak structure of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum. We focus on simple models of modified gravity mediated by a massive scalar field coupled to both baryons and cold dark matter. This captures the features of chameleon, symmetron, dilaton, and f(R) models. We find that the CMB peaks can be affected in three independent ways provided the Compton radius of the massive scalar is not far-off the sound horizon at last scattering. When the coupling of the massive scalar to cold dark matter is large, the anomalous growth of the cold dark matter perturbation inside the Compton radius induces a change in the peak amplitudes. When the coupling to baryons is moderately large, the speed of sound is modified and the peaks shifted to higher momenta. Finally when both couplings are nonvanishing, a new contribution proportional to the Newton potential appears in the Sachs-Wolfe temperature and increases the peak amplitudes. We also show how, given any temporal evolution of the scalar field mass, one can engineer a corresponding modified gravity model of the chameleon type. This opens up the possibility of having independent constraints on modified gravity from the CMB peaks and large scale structures at low redshifts.

Philippe Brax and Anne-Christine Davis

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

Notes and Definitions  

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (EIA)

Notes and Definitions Notes and Definitions This report tracks U.S. natural gas inventories held in underground storage facilities. The weekly stocks generally are the volumes of working gas as of the report date. Changes in reported stock levels reflect all events affecting working gas in storage, including injections, withdrawals, and reclassifications between base and working gas. Totals may not match sum of components because of independent rounding. The complete documentation of EIA's estimation methodology is available in the report, Methodology for EIA Weekly Underground Natural Gas Storage Estimates. Information about the method used to prepare weekly data to compute the 5-year averages, maxima, minima, and year-ago values for the weekly report can be found in Computing the 5-year Averages, Maxima, Minima, and Year-Ago

405

MapGraph: A High Level API for Fast Development of High Performance Graph Analytics on GPUs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High performance graph analytics are critical for a long list of application domains. In recent years, the rapid advancement of many-core processors, in particular graphical processing units (GPUs), has sparked a broad interest in developing high performance ... Keywords: GPU, Graph analytics, high-level API

Zhisong Fu; Michael Personick; Bryan Thompson

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Bees (Apis mellifera) and Honey in Urban Areas and Wildlife Reserves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monitoring of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Bees (Apis mellifera) and Honey in Urban Areas and Wildlife Reserves ... In fact, rain and wind can clean the flowers and transfer the pollutants to other environmental sectors, and it is also important to consider that the nectar flow, which is usually greater in the spring than in the summer and autumn, could dilute the pollutants. ...

Monia Perugini; Gabriella Di Serafino; Alessandra Giacomelli; Piotr Medrzycki; Anna Gloria Sabatini; Livia Persano Oddo; Enzo Marinelli; Michele Amorena

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

407

A commercial project for private investments. Update of the 280 MW api Energia IGCC plant construction in central Italy.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper has the aim to give a general overview of the api Energia IGCC project starting from the project background in 1992 and ending with the progress of construction. api Energia S.p.A., a joint VENTURE between api anonima petroli italiana S.p.A., Roma, Italy (51%), ABB Sae Sadelmi S.p.A., Milano, Italy (25%) and Texaco Development Corporation (24%), is building a 280 MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle plant in the api refinery at Falconara Marittima, on Italy' s Adriatic coast, using heavy oil residues. The plant is based on the modern concept of employing a highly efficient combined cycle power plant fed with a low heating value fuel gas produced by gasifying heavy refinery residues. This scheme provides consistent advantages in terms of efficiency and environmental impact over alternative applications of the refinery residues. The electric power produced will feed the national grid. The project has been financed using the ``project financing'' scheme: over 1,000 billion Lira, representing 75% of the overall capital requirement, have been provided by a pool of international banks. In November 1996 the project reached financial closure and immediately after the detailed design and procurement activities started. Engineering, Procurement and Construction activities, carried out by a Consortium of companies of the ABB group, are totally in line with the schedule. Commercial operation of the plant, is scheduled for November 1999.

Del Bravo, R.; Pinacci, P.; Trifilo, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI Context Energy-efficiency major concern in data centers Existing approaches work for physical servers specific Determine the formula by polynomial regression with the help of a power meter Host VM /dev/virtio-ports/port

Boyer, Edmond

409

Firefly algorithm assisted optimised NN to predict the elongation of API X65 pipeline steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selection of a proper neural network structure is a complicated work that is often done through the trial-and-error method. In this research, a three layer neural network with feed forward topology and back propagation algorithm is considered as a basic neural network model. The number of neurons in hidden layer, the activation function, the training algorithm and the normalisation procedure are considered as the parameters of the optimisation problem. A proper fitness function is defined and the process of finding the best combination of theses optimisation parameters, based on firefly algorithm, is presented. The proposed procedure is used to find an optimised neural network to predict the elongation of API X65 pipeline steel. The optimised neural network is used to investigate the effects of Ni and microalloying elements on the elongation of the tested steel. The results are in general agreement with the other published works.

Masoud Rakhshkhorshid; Sayyed Hojjat Hashemi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Uniform job monitoring in the HPC-Europa project: data model, API and services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Job monitoring in Grid systems presents an important challenge because Grid environments are volatile, heterogeneous, not reliable and are managed by different middleware and monitoring tools. We present the infrastructure that we have designed and implemented in the HPC-Europa European project, which allows uniform access to job-monitoring information from different Virtual Organisations (VOs). The presented system introduces the user to the complexities of the underlying systems of each middleware. The API that each centre has to implement for providing access to its job-monitoring information is explained. Finally, we show all the features that a user can use in the portal to personalise his/her monitoring environment, i.e., to choose how and which information has to be presented.

F. Guim; I. Rodero; J. Corbalan; J. Labarta; A. Oleksiak; T. Kuczynski; D. Szejnfeld; J. Nabrzyski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Ising-link Regge gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We define a simplified version of Regge quantum gravity where the link lengths can take on only two possible values, both always compatible with the triangle inequalities. This is therefore equivalent to a model of Ising spins living on the links of a regular lattice with somewhat complicated, yet local interactions. The measure corresponds to the natural sum over all 2?links configurations, and numerical simulations can be efficiently implemented by means of look-up tables. In three dimensions we find a peak in the ‘‘curvature susceptibility’’ which grows with increasing system size. The value of the corresponding critical exponent appears to vary with the cosmological constant ?, agreeing with Regge gravity for at least one value of ?. However, the curvature does not go to zero at the transition.

Tom Fleming; Mark Gross; Ray Renken

1994-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Dynamical 3-Space: Emergent Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The laws of gravitation devised by Newton, and by Hilbert and Einstein, have failed many experimental and observational tests, namely the bore hole g anomaly, flat rotation curves for spiral galaxies, supermassive black hole mass spectrum, uniformly expanding universe, cosmic filaments, laboratory G measurements, galactic EM bending, precocious galaxy formation,.. The response has been the introduction of the new epicycles: ``dark matter", ``dark energy", and others. To understand gravity we must restart with the experimental discoveries by Galileo, and following a heuristic argument we are led to a uniquely determined theory of a dynamical 3-space. That 3-space exists has been missed from the beginning of physics, although it was 1st directly detected by Michelson and Morley in 1887. Uniquely generalising the quantum theory to include this dynamical 3-space we deduce the response of quantum matter and show that it results in a new account of gravity, and explains the above anomalies and others. The dynamical...

Cahill, Reginald T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Supersymmetry in 5D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a 5d gravity theory with a warped metric and show that two N=2 supersymmetric quantum-mechanical systems are hidden in the 4d spectrum. The supersymmetry can be regarded as a remnant of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance and turns out to become a powerful tool to determine the physical 4d spectrum and the allowed boundary conditions. Possible extensions of the N=2 supersymmetry are briefly discussed.

C. S. Lim; Tomoaki Nagasawa; Satoshi Ohya; Kazuki Sakamoto; Makoto Sakamoto

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Supersymmetry in 5d Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a 5d gravity theory with a warped metric and show that two N = 2 supersymmetric quantum-mechanical systems are hidden in the 4d spectrum. The supersymmetry can be regarded as a remnant of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance and turns out to become a powerful tool to determine the physical 4d spectrum and the allowed boundary conditions. Possible extensions of the N = 2 supersymmetry are briefly discussed.

C. S. Lim; Tomoaki Nagasawa; Satoshi Ohya; Kazuki Sakamoto; Makoto Sakamoto

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Supersymmetry in 5d Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a 5d gravity theory with a warped metric and show that two N = 2 supersymmetric quantum-mechanical systems are hidden in the 4d spectrum. The supersymmetry can be regarded as a remnant of higher-dimensional general coordinate invariance and turns out to become a powerful tool to determine the physical 4d spectrum and the allowed boundary conditions. Possible extensions of the N = 2 supersymmetry are briefly discussed.

Lim, C S; Ohya, Satoshi; Sakamoto, Kazuki; Sakamoto, Makoto

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

417

Definition of life  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Definition of life Definition of life Name: Chris E Lee Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Does anyone know what is currently the most accepted idea on the characteristics needed for any kind of life? Replies: I assume since no one has answered your question in nearly a month that no one has a sufficient answer for you, so I'll take a crack at it. As far as I know, most of the accepted criteria for determining whether something is "alive" can also, at least individually, be applied to non-living things -- it's kind of difficult to say. The main points I can think of at the moment are: MOTION -- does it seem to move under its own power? Does it move with some discernible purpose? (Toward food, away from heat, etc) REPRODUCTION -- does it have some way of making more of itself, either through sexual reproduction or by budding or fissioning in some way?

418

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

43 43 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Facility Disposition Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

419

Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

17 Master EM Project Definition Rating Index - Traditional (Conventional) Definitions The following definitions describe the criteria required to achieve a maximum rating or maturity value of 5. It should be assumed that maturity values of 1-5 represent a subjective assessment of the quality of definition and/or the degree to which the end-state or maximum criteria have been met, or the product has been completed in accordance with the definition of maturity values. Rating Element Criteria for Maximum Rating COST A1 Cost Estimate A cost estimate has been developed and formally approved by DOE and is the basis for the cost baselines. The cost estimate is a reasonable approximation of Total Project Costs, and covers all phases of the project. The estimate is prepared in

420

Pollination of strawberry by the stingless bee,Trigona minangkabau, and the honey bee,Apis mellifera: An experimental study of fertilization efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To know basic information about the stingless bee,Trigona minangkabau, and the European honey bee,Apis mellifera, as pollinator of strawberry, we set three greenhouse areas: the honey bee introduced area, the sti...

Takehiko Kakutani; Tamiji Inoue; Toshiyuki Tezuka…

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Growth histories in bimetric massive gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform cosmological perturbation theory in Hassan-Rosen bimetric gravity for general homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds. In the de Sitter approximation, we obtain decoupled sets of massless and massive scalar gravitational fluctuations. Matter perturbations then evolve like in Einstein gravity. We perturb the future de Sitter regime by the ratio of matter to dark energy, producing quasi-de Sitter space. In this more general setting the massive and massless fluctuations mix. We argue that in the quasi-de Sitter regime, the growth of structure in bimetric gravity differs from that of Einstein gravity.

Berg, Marcus; Buchberger, Igor [Department of Physics, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad (Sweden); Enander, Jonas; Mörtsell, Edvard; Sjörs, Stefan, E-mail: marcus.berg@kau.se, E-mail: igor.buchberger@kau.se, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se, E-mail: stefans@fysik.su.se [Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Cosmological Acceleration: Dark Energy or Modified Gravity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the evidence for recently accelerating cosmological expansion or "dark energy", either a negative pressure constituent in General Relativity (Dark Energy) or modified gravity (Dark Gravity), without any Dark Energy constituent. If constituent Dark Energy does not exist, so that our universe is now dominated by pressure-free matter, Einstein gravity must be modified at low curvature. The vacuum symmetry of any Robertson-Walker universe then characterizes Dark Gravity as low- or high-curvature modifications of Einstein gravity. The dynamics of either kind of "dark energy" cannot be derived from the homogeneous expansion alone, but requires also observing the growth of inhomogeneities. Present and projected observations are all consistent with a small fine tuned cosmological constant, with nearly static Dark Energy, or with gravity modified at cosmological scales. The growth of cosmological fluctuations will potentially distinguish static "dark energy" from dynamic "dark energy" with equation of state $w(z)$ either changing rapidly or tracking the background matter. But to cosmologically distinguish $\\Lambda$CDM from modified gravity will require a weak lensing shear survey more ambitious than any now projected. Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati modifications of Einstein gravity may also be detected in refined bservations in the solar system or at the intermediate Vainstein scale. Dark Energy's epicyclic character, failure to explain the original Cosmic Coincidence ("Why now?") without fine tuning, inaccessibility to laboratory or solar system tests, along with braneworld theories, now motivate future precision solar system, Vainstein-scale and cosmological-scale studies of Dark Gravity.

Sidney Bludman

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

Bouguer gravity map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bouguer gravity map. Map. Denver, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey. () . Black & White. Scale 1:500,000. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBouguergravi...

424

Doubly Special Relativity and quantum gravity phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the conceptual, algebraical, and geometrical structure of Doubly Special Relativity. I also speculate about the possible relevance of DSR for quantum gravity phenomenology.

J. Kowalski-Glikman

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

425

Definition: Ampere | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ampere Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ampere A unit of measure for electric current that refers to the amount of electric charge passing a point per unit of time; frequently abbreviated to "amp".[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The ampere, often shortened to amp, is the SI unit of electric current and is one of the seven SI base units. It is named after André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836), French mathematician and physicist, considered the father of electrodynamics. In practical terms, the ampere is a measure of the amount of electric charge passing a point in an electric circuit per unit time with 6.241 × 10 electrons, or one coulomb per second constituting one ampere. The practical definition may lead to

426

Definition: Curtailment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Curtailment Curtailment Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Curtailment A reduction in the scheduled capacity or energy delivery of an Interchange Transaction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Peak Curtailment Related Terms Interchange Transaction, energy, Interchange References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Curtailment&oldid=480471" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

427

Definition: Burden | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burden Burden Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Burden Operation of the Bulk Electric System that violates or is expected to violate a System Operating Limit or Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit in the Interconnection, or that violates any other NERC, Regional Reliability Organization, or local operating reliability standards or criteria.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Bulk Electric System, System, Interconnection, sustainability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ine Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Burden&oldid=493023" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions

428

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

429

Sociocultural definitions of risk  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Public constituencies frequently are criticized by technical experts as being irrational in response to low-probability risks. This presentation argued that most people are concerned with a variety of risk attributes other than probability and that is rather irrational to exclude these from the definition and analysis of technological risk. Risk communication, which is at the heart of the right-to-know concept, is described as the creation of shared meaning rather than the mere transmission of information. A case study of utilities, public utility commissions, and public interest groups illustrates how the diversity of institutional cultures in modern society leads to problems for the creation of shared meanings in establishing trust, distributing liability, and obtaining consent to risk. This holistic approach to risk analysis is most appropriate under conditions of high uncertainty and/or decision stakes. 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Rayner, S.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Comparative analysis of failure probability for ethylene cracking furnace tube using Monte Carlo and API RBI technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ethylene cracking furnace tube is one of the most critical components in the petrochemical industry to crack molecules at high temperature. The furnace tube degrades easily during operations which would cause equipment failure and lead to serious consequences, such as fire and explosion. In this work, a quantitative analysis of failure probability for the ethylene cracking furnace tube is performed using the Monte Carlo method and API Risk-Based Inspection (RBI) technology. The results have shown that the operation life of ethylene cracking furnace tube under interaction of creep and carburization is less than that under creep, and the failure probability calculated based on API RBI technology is lower than that using the Monte Carlo method. Moreover, the comparative analysis results prove further that creep and carburization are two main failure modes of the furnace tube rupture. Therefore, it is very necessary to provide reliable data to perform risk assessment and inspections on ethylene cracking furnace tube.

Wenhe Wang; Kaiwu Liang; Changyou Wang; Qingsheng Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coalbed Methane Production Definitions Key Terms Definition Coalbed Methane Methane is generated during coal formation and is contained in the coal microstructure. Typical recovery...

432

Effect of Mixtures of Polysorbate 80 and Low Molecular Weight Alcohols on Density and \\(^\\circ \\) API Gravity of Treated Venezuelan Extra Heavy Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Formulations of extra heavy oil with biocompatible polyethoxilated compounds have not received much attention. We investigate the behaviour of biocompatible mixtures in the treatment of Venezuelan extra heavy ...

Efrén D. J. Andrades; Ledys Y. Sánchez…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Generalized second law in the modified theory of gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the context of modified theory of gravity [f(R) gravity], we try to study the conditions needed for validity of the generalized second law.

Mohseni Sadjadi, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14395-547, Tehran 14399-55961 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The project at Cove Fort/Sulphurdale in Utah, T26S R6/7W, is concerned with locating and drilling a 900-meter well to explore the western extension of the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale geothermal area. The geophysical exploration consisted of resistivity, ground magnetic, and microgravity surveys that were made to site the well in an optimum location. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattlerl, D. A. Sanchez (2002) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Project

435

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

M. Blagojevi? and B. Cvetkovi?

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

436

Quantum Gravity Phenomenology and Lorentz Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If quantum gravity violates Lorentz symmetry, the prospects for observational guidance in understanding quantum gravity improve considerably. This article briefly reviews previous work on Lorentz violation (LV) and discusses aspects of the effective field theory framework for parametrizing LV effects. Current observational constraints on LV are then summarized, focusing on effects in QED at order E/M_Planck.

Ted Jacobson; Stefano Liberati; David Mattingly

2004-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

Blagojevic, M.; Cvetkovic, B. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Quantum Gravity Phenomenology, Lorentz Invariance and Discreteness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Gravity Phenomenology, Lorentz Invariance and Discreteness Fay Dowker #3; , Joe Henson y invariant, and we recall the reasons why. For illustration, we introduce a phenomenological model of massive { LLI violating phenomenological e#11;ects of quantum gravity { has grown up around this idea

Sorkin, Rafael Dolnick

439

Gravity's Rainbow induces Topology Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we explore the possibility that quantum fluctuations induce a topology change, in the context of Gravity's Rainbow. A semi-classical approach is adopted, where the graviton one-loop contribution to a classical energy in a background spacetime is computed through a variational approach with Gaussian trial wave functionals. The energy density of the graviton one-loop contribution, or equivalently the background spacetime, is then let to evolve, and consequently the classical energy is determined. More specifically, the background metric is fixed to be Minkowskian in the equation governing the quantum fluctuations, which behaves essentially as a backreaction equation, and the quantum fluctuations are let to evolve; the classical energy, which depends on the evolved metric functions, is then evaluated. Analysing this procedure, a natural ultraviolet (UV) cutoff is obtained, which forbids the presence of an interior spacetime region, and may result in a multipy-connected spacetime. Thus, in the context of Gravity's Rainbow, this process may be interpreted as a change in topology, and in principle results in the presence of a Planckian wormhole.

Remo Garattini; Francisco S. N. Lobo

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

440

Threat Mitigation: The Gravity Tractor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gravity Tractor (GT) is a fully controlled asteroid deflection concept using the mutual gravity between a robotic spacecraft and an asteroid to slowly accelerate the asteroid in the direction of the "hovering" spacecraft. Based on early warning, provided by ground tracking and orbit prediction, it would be deployed a decade or more prior to a potential impact. Ion engines would be utilized for both the rendezvous with the asteroid and the towing phase. Since the GT does not dock with or otherwise physically contact the asteroid during the deflection process there is no requirement for knowledge of the asteroid's shape, composition, rotation state or other "conventional" characteristics. The GT would first reduce the uncertainty in the orbit of the asteroid via Earth tracking of its radio transponder while station keeping with the asteroid. If, after analysis of the more precise asteroid orbit a deflection is indeed indicated, the GT would "hover" above the surface of the asteroid in the direction of the required acceleration vector for a duration adequate to achieve the desired velocity change. The orbit of the asteroid is continuously monitored throughout the deflection process and the end state is known in real time. The performance envelope for the GT includes most NEOs which experience close gravitational encounters prior to impact and those below 150-200 meters in diameter on a direct Earth impact trajectory.

Russell Schweickart; Clark Chapman; Dan Durda; Piet Hut

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Gravity Dual of Superconformal Anomaly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The supergravity dual of superconformal anomaly in a four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory is investigated. We consider a well-established dual correspondence between the ${\\cal N}=1$ $SU(N+M)\\times SU(N)$ supersymmetric gauge theory with two flavors of matter fields in the bifundamental representation of gauge group and the type IIB superstring in the space-time background furnished by the Klebanov-Strassler (K-S) solution. The D-brane configuration for these two dual theories consists of N D3 branes and M fractional $D3$ branes in the singular space-time composed of a direct product of M^4 and a six-dimensional conifold ${\\cal C}_6$ with the base $T^{1,1}$. The superconformal anomaly originate from fractional branes frozen at the apex of ${\\cal C}_6$. While on the gravity side, the fractional branes deform the $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ space-time background and partially break local supersymmetry of type IIB supergravity. We find that the deformation on $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ leads to the spontaneous breaking local symmetries in gauged AdS_5 supergravity and consequently a super-Higgs mechanism arises. We thus conclude that the super-Higgs mechanism in gauged supergravity is dual to the superconformal anomaly of supersymmetric gauge theory in terms of gauge/gravity correspondence.

W. F. Chen

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

Anisotropy of Charpy Properties in API-X80 Steels MinSung Jooa, Dong-Woo Suha, Jin-Ho Baeb and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshiaa,c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anisotropy of Charpy Properties in API-X80 Steels MinSung Jooa, Dong-Woo Suha, Jin-Ho Baeb and H. K~724 MPa Yield Ratio 93 % 81~87 % CVN Energy at -40°C 110 J 300~350 J API-X80 Steel Fe-(0.05~0.07)C-0. Anisotropic behavior in Charpy toughness of API-X80 steel Summary 2010 Autumn Conference of the Korean

Cambridge, University of

443

Airborne Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Gravity Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Airborne Gravity Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and the deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

444

Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Gravity Survey Details Activities (48) Areas (34) Regions (2) NEPA(2) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and large-scale deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

445

Ion source and beam guiding studies for an API neutron generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently developed neutron imaging methods require high neutron yields for fast imaging times and small beam widths for good imaging resolution. For ion sources with low current density to be viable for these types of imaging methods, large extraction apertures and beam focusing must be used. We present recent work on the optimization of a Penning-type ion source for neutron generator applications. Two multi-cusp magnet configurations have been tested and are shown to increase the extracted ion current density over operation without multi-cusp magnetic fields. The use of multi-cusp magnetic confinement and gold electrode surfaces have resulted in increased ion current density, up to 2.2 mA/cm{sup 2}. Passive beam focusing using tapered dielectric capillaries has been explored due to its potential for beam compression without the cost and complexity issues associated with active focusing elements. Initial results from first experiments indicate the possibility of beam compression. Further work is required to evaluate the viability of such focusing methods for associated particle imaging (API) systems.

Sy, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA and Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Ji, Q.; Persaud, A.; Ludewigt, B. A.; Schenkel, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

446

Definition: Demand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Demand Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand The rate at which electric energy is delivered to or by a system or part of a system, generally expressed in kilowatts or megawatts, at a given instant or averaged over any designated interval of time., The rate at which energy is being used by the customer.[1] Related Terms energy, electricity generation References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Demand&oldid=480555"

447

Definition: Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Broadly defined as the capacity to do work. There are many forms of energy, including: chemical, electrical, gravitational, mechanical, nuclear, radiant, and thermal energy. The official SI unit for energy is the joule (J); energy can also be measured in calories or British thermal units (Btu).[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, energy is a conserved extensive property of a physical system, which cannot be observed directly but can be calculated from its state. Energy is of central importance in physics. It is impossible to give a comprehensive definition of energy because of the many forms it may take, but the most common definition is that it is the capacity of a system to perform work. The definition of work in physics is the movement of a force

448

Definition: Sustainability | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Sustainability Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Sustainability An often broadly used term that refers to the study of future impacts of decisions made currently, and how we can best mitigate or eliminate negative impacts of activities today. Typically, sustainability is used to define choices made in energy and natural resource use. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Sustainability is the capacity to endure. In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. For humans, sustainability is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has ecological, economic,

449

Definition: Geothermometry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Geothermometry Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Geothermometry Chemical geothermometers are used to estimate reservoir temperatures for most of the systems. The geothermometers are based on temperature- dependent, water-rock reactions which control the chemical and isotopic composition of the thermal water. This method is applicable only to hot-water systems because the common chemical constituents of thermal water (SiO2, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, HCO3, and CO3) are soluble in liquid water but lack significant solubility in steam.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Geothermobarometry is the science of measuring the previous pressure and temperature history of a metamorphic or intrusive igneous rocks.

450

Definition: Microgrids | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microgrids Microgrids Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Microgrids A microgrid is an electrical system that includes multiple loads and distributed energy resources that can be operated in parallel with the broader utility grid or as an electrical island.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition No reegle definition available, No reegle definition available., Distributed generation, also called on-site generation, dispersed generation, embedded generation, decentralized generation, decentralized energy or distributed energy, generates electricity from many small energy sources. Currently, industrial countries generate most of their electricity in large centralized facilities, such as fossil fuel nuclear or hydropower plants. These plants have excellent economies of scale, but usually

451

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

452

Definition: Microgravity-Hybrid Microgravity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microgravity-Hybrid Microgravity Microgravity-Hybrid Microgravity Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Microgravity-Hybrid Microgravity Microgravity measurements precisely monitor subtle changes in gravity with time in order to understand mass gain or loss in a subsurface reservoir.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Gravimetry is the measurement of the strength of a gravitational field. Gravimetry may be used when either the magnitude of gravitational field or the properties of matter responsible for its creation are of interest. The term gravimetry or gravimetric is also used in chemistry to define a class of analytical procedures, called gravimetric analysis relying upon weighing a sample of material. References ↑ https://www.geothermal-library.org/ Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

453

Testing Relativistic Gravity with Radio Pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Before the 1970s, precision tests for gravity theories were constrained to the weak gravitational fields of the Solar system. Hence, only the weak-field slow-motion aspects of relativistic celestial mechanics could be investigated. Testing gravity beyond the first post-Newtonian contributions was for a long time out of reach. The discovery of the first binary pulsar by Russell Hulse and Joseph Taylor in the summer of 1974 initiated a completely new field for testing the relativistic dynamics of gravitationally interacting bodies. For the first time the back reaction of gravitational wave emission on the binary motion could be studied. Furthermore, the Hulse-Taylor pulsar provided the first test bed for the orbital dynamics of strongly self-gravitating bodies. To date there are a number of pulsars known, which can be utilized for precision test of gravity. Depending on their orbital properties and their companion, these pulsars provide tests for various different aspects of relativistic dynamics. Besides tests of specific gravity theories, like general relativity or scalar-tensor gravity, there are pulsars that allow for generic constraints on potential deviations of gravity from general relativity in the quasi-stationary strong-field and the radiative regime. This article presents a brief overview of this modern field of relativistic celestial mechanics, reviews some of the highlights of gravity tests with radio pulsars, and discusses their implications for gravitational physics and astronomy, including the upcoming gravitational wave astronomy.

Norbert Wex

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

454

Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The requirement that physical phenomena associated with gravitational collapse should be duly reconciled with the postulates of quantum mechanics implies that at a Planckian scale our world is not 3+1 dimensional. Rather, the observable degrees of freedom can best be described as if they were Boolean variables defined on a two-dimensional lattice, evolving with time. This observation, deduced from not much more than unitarity, entropy and counting arguments, implies severe restrictions on possible models of quantum gravity. Using cellular automata as an example it is argued that this dimensional reduction implies more constraints than the freedom we have in constructing models. This is the main reason why so-far no completely consistent mathematical models of quantum black holes have been found. Essay dedicated to Abdus Salam.

G. 't Hooft

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Dollars per Barrel) | | | | | | | Year | 20.0 |...

456

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 24....

457

DOE/EIA-0487(98) Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 24....

458

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 24....

459

Loop Quantum Gravity 1. Classical framework : Ashtekar-Barbero connection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gravity Why Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large scales-perturbative renormalization Gravity is not a fundamental theory but it is effective (law energy) · it has to be modified

Sart, Remi

460

Dynamical variables in Gauge-Translational Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming that the natural gauge group of gravity is given by the group of isometries of a given space, for a maximally symmetric space we derive a model in which gravity is essentially a gauge theory of translations. Starting from first principles we verify that a nonlinear realization of the symmetry provides the general structure of this gauge theory, leading to a simple choice of dynamical variables of the gravity field corresponding, at first order, to a diagonal matrix, whereas the non-diagonal elements contribute only to higher orders.

J. Julve; A. Tiemblo

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Investigations in massive 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some interesting gravitational properties of the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend model (massive 3D gravity), such as the presence of a short-range gravitational force in the nonrelativistic limit and the existence of an impact-parameter-dependent gravitational deflection angle, are studied. Interestingly enough, these phenomena have no counterpart in the usual Einstein 3D gravity. In order to better understand the two aforementioned gravitational properties, they are also analyzed in the framework of 3D higher-derivative gravity with the Einstein-Hilbert term with the 'wrong sign'.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Helayeel-Neto, Jose; Morais, Jefferson; Turcati, Rodrigo [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Scatena, Eslley [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Design, preparation and characterization of novel molecularly imprinted polymers for removal of potentially genotoxic 1,3-diisopropylurea from API solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and synthesis of novel molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for the selective removal of a potentially genotoxic impurity (GTI) from active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) post reaction streams. Due to safety concerns, concentration levels of \\{GTIs\\} allowed in pharmaceutical products have been driven down to stringent low values. Therefore, novel \\{MIPs\\} have been prepared with the aim to address this challenge. The model molecules selected for this study were 1,3-diisopropylurea (IPU), as a potential GTI and keppra (KP), mometasone furoate (Meta) and roxithromycin (Roxi), as APIs. The \\{MIPs\\} were prepared using IPU as template and methacrylic acid (MAA), in the free acid or anionic form, as functional monomer. Typically, in industrial post reaction streams, API concentrations are significantly higher than those of IPU. Therefore, the novel \\{MIPs\\} were tested under such a scenario. To test the effect of different host-guest interactions, MIP1 and MIP2 were prepared in the absence and presence of a base, respectively. A highest degree of IPU binding, at a value of 80%, was obtained for MIP2, with only 15% non-specific binding of APIs, regardless of API size and chemical structure. The enhanced performance of MIP2 is in agreement with the incorporation of a carboxylate anion in the MIP, which interacts more strongly with IPU than the neutral free acid.

György Székely; Joao Bandarra; William Heggie; Frederico Castelo Ferreira; Börje Sellergren

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions March 21, 2013 - 5:21pm Addthis Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions NASA is offering undergraduate students from Minority Serving Institutions an opportunity to test experiments in microgravity aboard NASA's reduced gravity aircraft. This opportunity is a partnership between the Minority University Research and Education Program and NASA's Reduced Gravity Education Flight Program, which gives aspiring explorers a chance to propose, design and fabricate a reduced-gravity experiment. Selected teams will test and evaluate their

464

Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions March 21, 2013 - 5:21pm Addthis Reduced Gravity Education Flight Opportunity for Students at Minority Serving Institutions NASA is offering undergraduate students from Minority Serving Institutions an opportunity to test experiments in microgravity aboard NASA's reduced gravity aircraft. This opportunity is a partnership between the Minority University Research and Education Program and NASA's Reduced Gravity Education Flight Program, which gives aspiring explorers a chance to propose, design and fabricate a reduced-gravity experiment. Selected teams will test and evaluate their

465

The Branching of Graphs in 2-d Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The branching ratio is calculated for three different models of 2d gravity, using dynamical planar phi-cubed graphs. These models are pure gravity, the D=-2 Gaussian model coupled to gravity and the single spin Ising model coupled to gravity. The ratio gives a measure of how branched the graphs dominating the partition function are. Hence it can be used to estimate the location of the branched polymer phase for the multiple Ising model coupled to 2d gravity.

M. G. Harris

1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Test particle motion in modified gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the equations of motion of an electrically neutral test particle for modified gravity theories in which the covariant divergence of the ordinary matter energy-momentum tensor dose not vanish (i.e. $\

Mahmood Roshan

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

467

2D gravity and the extended formalism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of SL(2,R) symmetry in two-dimensional gravity is investigated in the context of the extended Hamiltonian formalism. Using our results we clarify previous works on the subject.

Fernando P. Devecchi

1998-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.

J. Santos; J. S. Alcaniz; M. J. Reboucas; F. C. Carvalho

2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

469

SUSY QM meets 5d Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report hidden quantum mechanical supersymmetry structure in five-dimensional gravity with the Randall-Sundrum background. We show that two N=2 supersymmetries are hidden in the spectrum.

Ohya, Satoshi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

SUSY QM Meets 5d Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report hidden quantum mechanical supersymmetry structure in five-dimensional gravity with the Randall-Sundrum background. We show that two N=2 supersymmetries are hidden in the spectrum.

Satoshi Ohya

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here...

Wang, Shuguang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Testing Modified Gravity with Gravitational Wave Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emergent area of gravitational wave astronomy promises to provide revolutionary discoveries in the areas of astrophysics, cosmology, and fundamental physics. One of the most exciting possibilities is to use gravitational-wave observations to test alternative theories of gravity. In this contribution we describe how to use observations of extreme-mass-ratio inspirals by the future Laser Interferometer Space Antenna to test a particular class of theories: Chern-Simons modified gravity.

Carlos F. Sopuerta; Nicolas Yunes

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Relativistic Gravity With a Dynamical Preferred Frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While general relativity possesses local Lorentz invariance, both canonical quantum gravity and string theory suggest that Lorentz invariance may be broken at high energies. Broken Lorentz invariance has also been postulated as an explanation for astrophysical anomalies such as the missing GZK cutoff. Therefore, we seek an effective field theory description of gravity where Lorentz invariance is broken. We will construct a candidate theory and then briefly discuss some of the implications.

David Mattingly; Ted Jacobson

2001-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

475

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

476

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

477

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

478

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

479

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

480

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition to Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 is defined as a blend of ethanol and gasoline that contains no more than 85% ethanol and is produced for use in alternative fuel vehicles. E85 must comply with ASTM specification D5798-11. (Reference House File 634,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "definition api gravity" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E85 Definition to E85 Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Definition E85 motor fuel is defined as an alternative fuel that is a blend of ethanol and hydrocarbon, of which the ethanol portion is 75-85% denatured fuel ethanol by volume and complies with the most current ASTM specification

482

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition Alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other

483

Definition: Biopower | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biopower Biopower Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biopower The use of biomass to produce electric power or heat. Biopower system technologies include direct-firing, cofiring, gasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Biomass power Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Biofuels, biomass, electricity generation, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/learning/re_biopower.html ↑ http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/glossary.shtml ↑ http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/electricity/index.cfm/mytopic=10450 Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Biopower&oldid=493044" Category: Definitions What links here

484

Definition: Electrode | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electrode Electrode Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electrode A conductor through which electrons enter or leave an electrolyte. Batteries and fuel cells have a negative electrode (the anode) and a positive electrode (the cathode).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Battery, Fuel cell, Electrolyteelectricity generation, fuel cell, electrolyte, electricity generation References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/glossary.html#e Retrieve LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. d from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Electrode&oldid=493048" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers

485

Definition: Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformer Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transformer An electromagnetic device that changes the voltage of alternating current electricity.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition A transformer consists of a primary- and secondary coil, coupled by a magnetic field. The primary coil induces the voltage in the secondary coil. The voltage transformation depends on the number of windings. Related Terms Electricity, Transmission, Electric grid, transmission lines, electricity generation, transmission line, alternating current References ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html#T Retrieved LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transformer&oldid=502565

486

Definition: Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Turbine A device or machine that converts the kinetic energy of a fluid (air, water, steam or other gases) to mechanical energy.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms Electric generator, Electricity, Electricity generation, energy, bioenergy References ↑ http://205.254.135.24/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=T ↑ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/site_administration/glossary.html Retriev LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ed from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Turbine&oldid=493149" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

487

Definition: Magnetotellurics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetotellurics Magnetotellurics (MT) is a natural-source (i.e., passive), electromagnetic method that measures the ratio of earth's naturally varying electric and magnetic fields over a wide range of frequencies to determine the resistivity structure of the subsurface (Reynolds, 1997). View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Related Terms sustainability Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Magnetotellurics&oldid=502655" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

488

Definition: Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dictionary.png Dictionary.png Biofuels Biomass converted to liquid or gaseous fuels such as ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and methane; primarily used for transportation. A form of bioenergy.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Liquid fuels and blending components produced from biomass (plant) feedstocks, used primarily for transportation., Bio fuels are liquid fuels that are produced of plant material or herbal remains., No reegle definition available Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Ethanol, Biodiesel, energy, fossil fuels, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/biofuels/index.html?scp=1&sq=biomass&st=Search ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/25876.pdf

489

Definition: Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Power The rate of producing, transferring, or using energy; the amount of energy or work expended in a given amount of time. Power is usually measured in watts.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In physics, power is defined as the amount of energy consumed per unit time. In the MKS system, the unit of power is the joule per second (J/s), known as the watt (in honour of James Watt, the eighteenth-century developer of the steam engine). For example, the rate at which a light bulb

490

Universality of Gravity from Entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The entanglement "first law" in conformal field theories relates the entanglement entropy for a ball-shaped region to an integral over the same region involving the expectation value of the CFT stress-energy tensor, for infinitesimal perturbations to the CFT vacuum state. In recent work, this was exploited at leading order in $N$ in the context of large N holographic CFTs to show that any geometry dual to a perturbed CFT state must satisfy Einstein's equations linearized about pure AdS. In this note, we investigate the implications of the leading 1/N correction to the exact CFT result. We show that these corrections give rise to the source term for the gravitational equations: for semiclassical bulk states, the expectation value of the bulk stress-energy tensor appears as a source in the linearized equations. In particular, the CFT first law leads to Newton's Law of gravitation and the fact that all sources of stress-energy source the gravitational field. In our derivation, this universality of gravity comes directly from the universality of entanglement (the fact that all degrees of freedom in a subsystem contribute to entanglement entropy).

Brian Swingle; Mark Van Raamsdonk

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

491

Powerful evidences for supporting the claim that gamma-ray burst redshifts are gravity-generated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At present, it is widely believed that the phenomenon of the gamma-ray burst redshift is cosmological origin. From a theoretical point of view, this redshift has either a cosmological or a cause that is related to gravity. However, the question of whether the gamma-ray burst redshift has a cosmological origin or not should be answerable in no uncertain terms because both the spectrum characteristics and the count distribution law arising from the two distinct settings are completely different. If the redshift of GRB is generated by gravity, then the afterglow spectrum will certainly contain both the gravitational redshits (containing emission and absorption feature) and Doppler absorption redshift, and hold a definite relation between the two redshifts. In this paper, we present nine direct and decisive evidences to show that the gamma-ray burst redshift is indeed generated by gravity of neutron stars in their merging process; in which, 114 GRBs' redshifts showed that the statistical count distribution law for the two kinds redshift is the same (with errors less than 1.5%), and 74 spectral line redshifts of two GRBs showed that the relation between the two kinds redshift is completely correct (with errors less than 0.0061%).

Fu-Gao Song

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

Ductile failure analysis of API X65 pipes with notch-type defects using a local fracture criterion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A local failure criterion for API X65 steel is applied to predict ductile failure of full-scale API X65 pipes with simulated corrosion and gouge defects under internal pressure. The local failure criterion is the stress-modified fracture strain as a function of the stress triaxiality (defined by the ratio of the hydrostatic stress to the effective stress). Based on detailed finite element (FE) analyses with the proposed local failure criterion, burst pressures of defective pipes are estimated and compared with experimental data. For pipes with simulated corrosion defects, FE analysis with the proposed local fracture criterion indicates that predicted failure takes place after the defective pipes attain maximum loads for all cases, possibly due to the fact that the material has sufficient ductility. For pipes with simulated gouge defects, on the other hand, it is found that predicted failure takes place before global instability, and the predicted burst pressures are in good agreement with experimental data, providing confidence in the present approach.

Chang-Kyun Oh; Yun-Jae Kim; Jong-Hyun Baek; Young-Pyo Kim; Woo-Sik Kim

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Introduction to Modified Gravity: From the Cosmic Speedup Problem to Quantum Gravity Phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These notes represent a summary of the introductory part of a course on modified gravity delivered at several Spanish Universities (Granada, Valencia, and Valladolid), at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (WI, USA), and at the Karl-Franzens Universitaet (Graz, Austria) during the period 2008-2011. We begin with a discussion of the classical Newtonian framework and how special relativity boosted the interest on new theories of gravity. Then we focus on Nordstrom's scalar theories of gravity and their influence on Einstein's theory of general relativity. We comment on the meaning of the Einstein equivalence principle and its implications for the construction of alternative theories of gravity. We present the cosmic speedup problem and how $f(R)$ theories can be constrained attending to their weak-field behavior. We conclude by showing that Palatini f(R) and f(R,Q) theories can be used to address different aspects of quantum gravity phenomenology and singularity problems.

Gonzalo J. Olmo

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

494

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition An entity that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge battery electric

495

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Public Utility Public Utility Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Public Utility Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Public Utility Definition A corporation or individual that owns, controls, operates, or manages a facility that supplies electricity to the public exclusively to charge

496

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of

497

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Blend Blend Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Definition An ethanol blend is defined as a blended motor fuel containing ethyl alcohol that is at least 99% pure, derived from agricultural products, and

498

Category:Definitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Definitions Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form Define. Dictionary.png Looking for the Glossary? For a user-friendly list of definitions, please visit the Glossary. Add.png Add a Definition Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. S [+] Smart Grid Definitions‎ (1 categories) 10 pages Pages in category "Definitions" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 607 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 Definition:2-M Probe Survey A Definition:Acoustic Logs Definition:Acoustic Televiewer Definition:Active Seismic Techniques

499

Massive Gravity Wrapped in the Cosmic Web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the filamentary pattern of the cosmic web changes if the true gravity deviates from general relativity (GR) on a large scale. The f(R) gravity, whose strength is controlled to satisfy the current observational constraints on the cluster scale, is adopted as our fiducial model and a large, high-resolution N-body simulation is utilized for this study. By applying the minimal spanning tree algorithm to the halo catalogs from the simulation at various epochs, we identify the main stems of the rich superclusters located in the most prominent filamentary section of the cosmic web and determine their spatial extents per member cluster to be the degree of their straightness. It is found that the f(R) gravity has the effect of significantly bending the superclusters and that the effect becomes stronger as the universe evolves. Even in the case where the deviation from GR is too small to be detectable by any other observables, the degree of the supercluster straightness exhibits a conspicuous difference between the f(R) and the GR models. Our results also imply that the supercluster straightness could be a useful discriminator of f(R) gravity from the coupled dark energy since it is shown to evolve differently between the two models. As a final conclusion, the degree of the straightness of the rich superclusters should provide a powerful cosmological test of large scale gravity.

Junsup Shim; Jounghun Lee; Baojiu Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Cosmological perturbations in f(T) gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the cosmological perturbations in f(T) gravity. Examining the pure gravitational perturbations in the scalar sector using a diagonal vierbein, we extract the corresponding dispersion relation, which provides a constraint on the f(T) Ansaetze that lead to a theory free of instabilities. Additionally, upon inclusion of the matter perturbations, we derive the fully perturbed equations of motion, and we study the growth of matter overdensities. We show that f(T) gravity with f(T) constant coincides with General Relativity, both at the background as well as at the first-order perturbation level. Applying our formalism to the power-law model we find that on large subhorizon scales (O(100 Mpc) or larger), the evolution of matter overdensity will differ from {Lambda}CDM cosmology. Finally, examining the linear perturbations of the vector and tensor sectors, we find that (for the standard choice of vierbein) f(T) gravity is free of massive gravitons.

Chen, Shih-Hung; Dent, James B. [Department of Physics and School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1404 (United States); Dutta, Sourish [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Saridakis, Emmanuel N. [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z