Sample records for defines applicable plays

  1. Gamification: Creating Gameful and Playful Application for Complementing Human Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Gamification: Creating Gameful and Playful Application for Complementing Human Memory Master thesis of this Master/Diploma thesis is to develop gamification-based design, approach and application that support

  2. Composite structural materials play important roles in many engineering applications because of their potential for com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    PROBLEM Composite structural materials play important roles in many engineering applications. Composites are also pervasive among biologi- cal materials, exhibiting precise and intriguing architectures new composite designs that use hierarchical structures have been discovered, going directly from com

  3. DAVE: A plug and play model for distributed multimedia application development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mines, R.F.; Friesen, J.A.; Yang, C.L.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a model being used for the development of distributed multimedia applications. The Distributed Audio Video Environment (DAVE) was designed to support the development of a wide range of distributed applications. The implementation of this model is described. DAVE is unique in that it combines a simple ``plug and play`` programming interface, supports both centralized and fully distributed applications, provides device and media extensibility, promotes object reuseability, and supports interoperability and network independence. This model enables application developers to easily develop distributed multimedia applications and create reusable multimedia toolkits. DAVE was designed for developing applications such as video conferencing, media archival, remote process control, and distance learning.

  4. The architecture of a plug-and-play kernel for oilfield software applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ward, V.L.; Seaton, C.P. [Schlumberger Dowell, Tulsa, OK (United States)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is now common practice for engineers to use PC software to design and evaluate oilfield services. Rapidly changing technology in PC software has made it necessary for organizations to release new applications quickly to remain competitive. The authors designed a plug-and-play kernel for the computer aided design and evaluation (CADE) applications to reduce development time and time to market. The paper discusses the kernel used in the CADE software in detail.

  5. Play Analysis and Digital Portfolio of Major Oil Reservoirs in the Permian Basin: Application and Transfer of Advanced Geological and Engineering Technologies for Incremental Production Opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

    2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest onshore petroleum-producing basin in the United States. Approximately 1,300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000. Of these significant-sized reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. There are 32 geologic plays that have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs, and each of the 1,300 major reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. The final reservoir shapefile for each play contains the geographic location of each reservoir. Associated reservoir information within the linked data tables includes RRC reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are smaller than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production of >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl [5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]). Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

  6. PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; William Raatz; Cari Breton; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans; Mark H. Holtz

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest petroleum-producing basin in the US. Approximately 1300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl of oil through 2000. Of these major reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. On a preliminary basis, 32 geologic plays have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs and assignment of each of the 1300 major reservoirs to a play has begun. The reservoirs are being mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonardian Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

  7. PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

    2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Permian Basin of west Texas and southeast New Mexico has produced >30 Bbbl (4.77 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000, most of it from 1,339 reservoirs having individual cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}). These significant-sized reservoirs are the focus of this report. Thirty-two Permian Basin oil plays were defined, and each of the 1,339 significant-sized reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Associated reservoir information within linked data tables includes Railroad Commission of Texas reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are <1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. This report contains a summary description of each play, including key reservoir characteristics and successful reservoir-management practices that have been used in the play. The CD accompanying the report contains a pdf version of the report, the GIS project, pdf maps of all plays, and digital data files. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 from these significant-sized reservoirs was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl 5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]).

  8. Scientists Help Define the Healthy Human Microbiome

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists Help Define the Healthy Human Microbiome Scientists Help Define the Healthy Human Microbiome Computing, bioinformatics, and microbial ecology resources play key role in...

  9. The application of iodine and magnetic susceptibility surface geochemical surveys in the Lodgepole Play, Eastern Williston Basin, North Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tedesco, S.A. [Atoka Geochemical Services Corp., Englewood, CO (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of surface geochemistry as a first pass exploration tool is becoming more prevalent in petroleum exploration. This is especially true due to the high cost of 2-D and 3-D surveys in defining small targets such as the Waulsortian mounds of the Lodgepole Formation. Surface geochemical surveys are very effective in pinpointing specific target areas for seismic surveying and thus reducing costs. Presented are examples of surface geochemical surveys utilizing magnetic susceptibility and iodine methods in delineating reservoirs in the Lodgepole, Mission Canyon and Red River formations. The types of surveys presented vary from reconnaissance to detail and examples of how to define a grid will be discussed. Surface geochemical surveys can be very effective when the areal extent of the target(s) and the purpose of the survey are clearly defined prior to implementation. By determining which areas have microseepage and which areas do not, surface geochemistry can be a very effective tool in focusing exploration efforts and maximizing exploration dollars.

  10. Application of value of information of tank waste characterization: A new paradigm for defining tank waste characterization requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fassbender, L.L.; Brewster, M.E.; Brothers, A.J. [and others

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the rationale for adopting a recommended characterization strategy that uses a risk-based decision-making framework for managing the Tank Waste Characterization program at Hanford. The risk-management/value-of-information (VOI) strategy that is illustrated explicitly links each information-gathering activity to its cost and provides a mechanism to ensure that characterization funds are spent where they can produce the largest reduction in risk. The approach was developed by tailoring well-known decision analysis techniques to specific tank waste characterization applications. This report illustrates how VOI calculations are performed and demonstrates that the VOI approach can definitely be used for real Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) characterization problems.

  11. Vygotsky on play: child's play or more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Carol Anne

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (i.e., internalization, higher mental functions, concept development, and language) is presented. Vygotsky's theory of play, that it is the primary mechanism of child development, is considered in greater depth. The importance Vygotsky accorded...

  12. Architecture that affords play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fallon, Paul Eric

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Play is a form of behavior common to all people. A person's propensity to play depends not only on his physiological and emotional state, but also on his surroundings. This thesis investigates environmental qualities ...

  13. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  14. DOE Materials-Based Hydrogen Storage Summit: Defining Pathways...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Materials-Based Hydrogen Storage Summit: Defining Pathways for Onboard Automotive Applications DOE Materials-Based Hydrogen Storage Summit: Defining Pathways for Onboard Automotive...

  15. Design guidance for play spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design guidance for play spaces March 2006 Lindsey Houston, Roger Worthington, Paddy Harrop #12 Design Process 3 Play Spaces 4 Design Principles 6 Elements of Play 6 Existing Play Structures 8 Contacts, Jason Maclean, Andrew Norris, Bridgette Hall and Tania Crocket in #12;Design guidance for play spaces. 3

  16. Bilayer graphene quantum dot defined by topgates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Müller, André; Kaestner, Bernd; Hohls, Frank; Weimann, Thomas; Pierz, Klaus; Schumacher, Hans W., E-mail: hans.w.schumacher@ptb.de [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the application of nanoscale topgates on exfoliated bilayer graphene to define quantum dot devices. At temperatures below 500 mK, the conductance underneath the grounded gates is suppressed, which we attribute to nearest neighbour hopping and strain-induced piezoelectric fields. The gate-layout can thus be used to define resistive regions by tuning into the corresponding temperature range. We use this method to define a quantum dot structure in bilayer graphene showing Coulomb blockade oscillations consistent with the gate layout.

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Carbon quantity defines productivity while its quality defines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Warwick F.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Carbon quantity defines productivity while its quality defines community that dissolved organic carbon (DOC) quantity and quality differently influence bacterioplankton. The ponds were production, abundance, biomass were highest in mid-summer and correlated positively with the concentration

  18. Shale Play Industry Transportation Challenges,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ­ High volume commodi-es flows in and out of shale plays · Sand In....Oil in excess of 50 MMT/Yr. · Life of current Shale Oil & Gas explora-on trend ­ 2012) #12;Shale Play Oil Industry A Look at the Baaken · 2-3 Unit Trains

  19. Plug-and-Play Photovoltaics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On December 7, 2012, DOE announced $21 million in funding for the Plug-and-Play Photovoltaics funding opportunity. Part of the SunShot Systems Integration efforts, the following projects were...

  20. A Framework for Defining Logics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon; Honsell, Furio; Harper, Robert

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed ?-calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated ...

  1. Williston Lodgepole play fans out

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petzet, G.A.

    1995-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Williston basin Mississippian Lodgepole oil play is swelling the rig count and oil production in North Dakota. As much as 200 sq miles of 3D seismic surveys have been acquired in southwestern North Dakota, and at least as much more is expected to be gathered through next year. Exploratory drilling so far has moved south and east for Conoco Inc.`s 1993 Lodgepole discovery in Dickinson oil field. The play also seems destined to become active in Montana. OGJ estimates North Dakota`s oil production at about 84,000 b/d, up from 75,000 b/d at the same time a year ago. State restrictions pending field unitization have reined production. The paper briefly describes the boundary of the basin and give a summary of the field.

  2. On the Relationship between Playing Rationally and Knowing how to Play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;On the Relationship between Playing Rationally and Knowing how to Play

  3. ASSESSING AND FORECASTING, BY PLAY, NATURAL GAS ULTIMATE RECOVERY GROWTH AND QUANTIFYING THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE TEXAS GULF COAST BASIN AND EAST TEXAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William L. Fisher; Eugene M. Kim

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed natural gas ultimate recovery growth (URG) analysis of the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas has been undertaken. The key to such analysis was determined to be the disaggregation of the resource base to the play level. A play is defined as a conceptual geologic unit having one or more reservoirs that can be genetically related on the basis of depositional origin of the reservoir, structural or trap style, source rocks and hydrocarbon generation, migration mechanism, seals for entrapment, and type of hydrocarbon produced. Plays are the geologically homogeneous subdivision of the universe of petroleum pools within a basin. Therefore, individual plays have unique geological features that can be used as a conceptual model that incorporates geologic processes and depositional environments to explain the distribution of petroleum. Play disaggregation revealed important URG trends for the major natural gas fields in the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas. Although significant growth and future potential were observed for the major fields, important URG trends were masked by total, aggregated analysis based on a broad geological province. When disaggregated by plays, significant growth and future potential were displayed for plays that were associated with relatively recently discovered fields, deeper reservoir depths, high structural complexities due to fault compartmentalization, reservoirs designated as tight gas/low-permeability, and high initial reservoir pressures. Continued technology applications and advancements are crucial in achieving URG potential in these plays.

  4. Animal innovation defined and operationalized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , improvisation, innovation, invention, operational definition, social learning 1. Introduction The studyAnimal innovation defined and operationalized Grant Ramsey Department of Philosophy, University://www.aim.unizh.ch/Members/vanschaik.html Abstract: Innovation is a key component of most definitions of culture and intelligence. Additionally

  5. Lithographically defined microporous carbon structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burckel, David Bruce; Washburn, Cody M.; Polsky, Ronen; Brozik, Susan M.; Wheeler, David R.

    2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A lithographic method is used to fabricate porous carbon structures that can provide electrochemical electrodes having high surface area with uniform and controllable dimensions, providing enormous flexibility to tailor the electrodes toward specific applications. Metal nanoparticles deposited on the surface of the porous carbon electrodes exhibit ultra small dimensions with uniform size distribution. The resulting electrodes are rugged, electrically conductive and show excellent electrochemical behavior.

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - astrophotonic spectroscopy defining Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a first application... in obtaining the desired, well defined tuning behavior of output radiation with linewidth of about 100 k Source: Lvovsky, Alexander - Department of Physics...

  7. Visual Positioning of Previously Defined ROIs on Microscopic Slides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivlin, Ehud

    1 Visual Positioning of Previously Defined ROIs on Microscopic Slides Grigory Begelman, Michael slide area. Various microscopy related medical applications, such as telepathology and computer aided of interest. In this paper we present a method for image-based auto positioning on a microscope slide

  8. Mississippian Lodgepole Play, Williston Basin: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montgomery, S.L. [Petroleum Consultant, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waulsortian-type carbonate mud mounds in the lower Mississippian Lodgepole formation (Bottineau interval, Madison Group) comprise an important new oil play in the Williston basin with strong regional potential. The play is typified by wells capable of producing 1000-2500 bbl of oil per day and by reserves that have as much as 0.5-3.0 million bbl of oil per well. Currently centered in Stark County, North Dakota, along the southern flank of the basin, the play includes 38 wells, with 21 producers and 6 new fields. Initial discovery was made at a Silurian test in Dickinson field, traditionally productive from Pennsylvanian sands. The largest pool discovered to date is Eland field, which has 15 producers and estimated total reserves of 12-15 million bbl. This report summarizes geologic, well-log, seismic, and production data for this play, which promises to expand considerably in the years to come.

  9. Gamification: Playful TeachingGamification: Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iosup, Alexandru

    Gamification: Playful TeachingGamification: Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/... Alexandru Curiosity* 4TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay'13 * "A Magical New Adventure" #12;Gamification* in Higher it if it ain't broken? = A play in 7 acts, 3 set pieces, and 75 minutes 3. What is Gamification? Any other

  10. Active Open Space (playing fields) in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental and social benefits, the unintended consequence of implementing Bush Forever, Water Sensitive of the fringe growth sub- regions of Perth already have a shortage of active playing fields. The research as Regional Open Space, this shortage can only get worse. Background Open space is an inherent part

  11. AMAROK PIKAP: INTERACTIVE PERCUSSION PLAYING AUTOMOBILE*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    AMAROK PIKAP: INTERACTIVE PERCUSSION PLAYING AUTOMOBILE* Selçuk ARTUT Sabanci University Faculty project utilizes an interactive system on the surface of an automobile that is specially modified of an automobile campaign: Amarok Pikap. The structure that forms the design will also be subjected to a technical

  12. Executive functions in schizophrenia : defining and refining the constructs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savla, Gauri Nayak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Schizophrenia: Defining and Refining the Constructs By Gauriin Schizophrenia: Defining and Refining the Constructs A

  13. MAJOR OIL PLAYS IN UTAH AND VICINITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas C. Chidsey Jr; Craig D. Morgan; Roger L. Bon

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play; locations of major oil pipelines; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and identification and discussion of land use constraints. All play maps, reports, databases, and so forth, produced for the project will be published in interactive, menu-driven digital (web-based and compact disc) and hard-copy formats. This report covers research activities for the third quarter of the first project year (January 1 through March 31, 2003). This work included gathering field data and analyzing best practices in the eastern Uinta Basin, Utah, and the Colorado portion of the Paradox Basin. Best practices used in oil fields of the eastern Uinta Basin consist of conversion of all geophysical well logs into digital form, running small fracture treatments, fingerprinting oil samples from each producing zone, running spinner surveys biannually, mapping each producing zone, and drilling on 80-acre (32 ha) spacing. These practices ensure that induced fractures do not extend vertically out of the intended zone, determine the percentage each zone contributes to the overall production of the well, identify areas that may be by-passed by a waterflood, and prevent rapid water breakthrough. In the eastern Paradox Basin, Colorado, optimal drilling, development, and production practices consist of increasing the mud weight during drilling operations before penetrating the overpressured Desert Creek zone; centralizing treatment facilities; and mixing produced water from pumping oil wells with non-reservoir water and injecting the mixture into the reservoir downdip to reduce salt precipitation, dispose of produced water, and maintain reservoir pressure to create a low-cost waterflood. During this quarter, technology transfer activities consisted of technical presentations to members of the Technical Advisory Board in Colorado and the Colorado Geological Survey. The project home page was updated on the Utah Geological Survey Internet web site.

  14. FREE PLAY 2007_ Free Play is Next Wave's Independent Game Developers Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

    AUGUST 9:00am to 8:30pm Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI) Federation Square, Flinders Street Nguyen, Free Play attendee Free Play is supported by ACMI, Film Victoria, Arts Victoria and Crumpler opportunities, and Amelia King (Film Victoria) Nick Blackmore (Corrs Chambers Westgarth) Paul Motion (Atari

  15. Latin American Plays in English Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    34 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Latin American Plays in English Translation Aguilera Malta, Demetrio. Infierno negro (Blac\\ Hell). Trans. Elizabeth Lowe. Andrade, Jorge. A Moratória (Time of the Harvest). Trans. Donald C. Robinson. Cantón... Rosenberg. Dragún, Osvaldo. Milagro en el mercado viejo (Miracle in the Old Market). Trans. Joe and Graciela Rosenberg, TAIUS (Texas A&I University Studies), Vol. XII, No. 1 (Nov. 1979). Garro, Elena. La señora en su balcón (The Woman on the Balcony...

  16. Major Oil Plays in Utah and Vicinity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas C. Chidsey; Craig D. Morgan; Kevin McClure; Douglas A. Sprinkel; Roger L. Bon; Hellmut H. Doelling

    2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; locations of major oil pipelines; identification and discussion of land-use constraints; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play. This report covers research activities for the sixth quarter of the project (October 1 through December 31, 2003). This work included describing outcrop analogs for the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone and Mississippian Leadville Limestone, major oil producers in the thrust belt and Paradox Basin, respectively, and analyzing best practices used in the southern Green River Formation play of the Uinta Basin. Production-scale outcrop analogs provide an excellent view of reservoir petrophysics, facies characteristics, and boundaries contributing to the overall heterogeneity of reservoir rocks. They can be used as a ''template'' for evaluation of data from conventional core, geophysical and petrophysical logs, and seismic surveys. In the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province, the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone produces from subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the low-porosity limestone beds are extensively fractured and sealed by overlying argillaceous and non-fractured units. The best outcrop analogs for Twin Creek reservoirs are found at Devils Slide and near the town of Peoa, Utah, where fractures in dense, homogeneous non-porous limestone beds are in contact with the basal siltstone units (containing sealed fractures) of the overlying units. The shallow marine, Mississippian Leadville Limestone is a major oil and gas reservoir in the Paradox Basin of Utah and Colorado. Hydrocarbons are produced from basement-involved, northwest-trending structural traps with closure on both anticlines and faults. Excellent outcrops of Leadville-equivalent rocks are found along the south flank of the Uinta Mountains, Utah. For example, like the Leadville, the Mississippian Madison Limestone contains zones of solution breccia, fractures, and facies variations. When combined with subsurface geological and production data, these outcrop analogs can improve (1) development drilling and production strategies such as horizontal drilling, (2) reservoir-simulation models, (3) reserve calculations, and (4) design and implementation of secondary/tertiary oil recovery programs and other best practices used in the oil fields of Utah and vicinity. In the southern Green River Formation play of the Uinta Basin, optimal drilling, development, and production practices consist of: (1) owning drilling rigs and frac holding tanks; (2) perforating sandstone beds with more than 8 percent neutron porosity and stimulate with separate fracture treatments; (3) placing completed wells on primary production using artificial lift; (4) converting wells relatively soon to secondary waterflooding maintaining reservoir pressure above the bubble point to maximize oil recovery; (5) developing waterflood units using an alternating injector--producer pattern on 40-acre (16-ha) spacing; and (6) recompleting producing wells by perforating all beds that are productive in the waterflood unit. As part of technology transfer activities during this quarter, an abstract describing outcrop reservoir analogs was accepted by the American Assoc

  17. Software-defined Quantum Communication Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis S. Humble; Ronald J. Sadlier

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum communication systems harness modern physics through state-of-the-art optical engineering to provide revolutionary capabilities. An important concern for quantum communication engineering is designing and prototyping these systems to evaluate proposed capabilities. We apply the paradigm of software-defined communication for engineering quantum communication systems to facilitate rapid prototyping and prototype comparisons. We detail how to decompose quantum communication terminals into functional layers defining hardware, software, and middleware concerns, and we describe how each layer behaves. Using the super-dense coding protocol as an example, we describe implementations of both the transmitter and receiver, and we present results from numerical simulations of the behavior. We conclude that software-defined quantum communication provides a robust framework in which to explore the large design space offered by this new regime of communication.

  18. MAJOR OIL PLAYS IN UTAH AND VICINITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas C. Chidsey, Jr.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utah oil fields have produced a total of 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 15 million barrels (2.4 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2000 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play; locations of major oil pipelines; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and identification and discussion of land use constraints. All play maps, reports, databases, and so forth, produced for the project will be published in interactive, menu-driven digital (web-based and compact disc) and hard-copy formats. This report covers research activities for the first quarter of the first project year (July 1 through September 30, 2002). This work included producing general descriptions of Utah's major petroleum provinces, gathering field data, and analyzing best practices in the Utah Wyoming thrust belt. Major Utah oil reservoirs and/or source rocks are found in Devonian through Permian, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary rocks. Stratigraphic traps include carbonate buildups and fluvial-deltaic pinchouts, and structural traps include basement-involved and detached faulted anticlines. Best practices used in Utah's oil fields consist of waterflood, carbon-dioxide flood, gas-injection, and horizontal drilling programs. Nitrogen injection and horizontal drilling programs have been successfully employed to enhance oil production from the Jurassic Nugget Sandstone (the major thrust belt oil-producing reservoir) in Wyoming's Painter Reservoir and Ryckman Creek fields. At Painter Reservoir field a tertiary, miscible nitrogen-injection program is being conducted to raise the reservoir pressure to miscible conditions. Supplemented with water injection, the ultimate recovery will be 113 million bbls (18 million m{sup 3}) of oil (a 68 percent recovery factor over a 60-year period). The Nugget reservoir has significant heterogeneity due to both depositional facies and structural effects. These characteristics create ideal targets for horizontal wells and horizontal laterals drilled from existing vertical wells. Horizontal drilling programs were conducted in both Painter Reservoir and Ryckman Creek fields to encounter potential undrained compartments and increase the overall field recovery by 0.5 to 1.5 percent per horizontal wellbore. Technology transfer activities consisted of exhibiting a booth display of project materials at the Rocky Mountain Section meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, a technical presentation to the Wyoming State Geological Survey, and two publications. A project home page was set up on the Utah Geological Survey Internet web site.

  19. Homemade Games… how to make and play.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Lucille H.; Johnson, Eloise T.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to their enjoyment for 3s money. The cla; .'iis bul 11.1 aw 'nation "qt bind .lie grou 'r and scrap boxes Color. Ulrlbb as po Soft work maple I. Be s. nw aa' ssification - of homemade g a m e s in lletin may help in planning for the ma1... wide rounded ledge for comfortable sitting during play. A large tractor tire also makes a usable sand container. The soft rim makes a comfortable seat. The sandbox should have a cover to protect the sand from .stray cats and dogs. Canvas weighted...

  20. Stop Playing Favorites with the Tax Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lori L.

    taxes on business?to?business transactions are a particularly pernicious form of playing favorites, because these frequently look like equity to the casual observer. Consider, for example, two ?irms. One is a large business; the other is a mom... and pop small business. Both need legal services. The large business has an in?house lawyer while the small business hires outside counsel as needed. A sales tax on legal services to business would fall on mom and pop and their outside lawyer...

  1. Major Oil Plays In Utah And Vicinity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Chidsey

    2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Utah oil fields have produced over 1.33 billion barrels (211 million m{sup 3}) of oil and hold 256 million barrels (40.7 million m{sup 3}) of proved reserves. The 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m3) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. However, in late 2005 oil production increased, due, in part, to the discovery of Covenant field in the central Utah Navajo Sandstone thrust belt ('Hingeline') play, and to increased development drilling in the central Uinta Basin, reversing the decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming can continue this new upward production trend. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios include descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; locations of major oil pipelines; identification and discussion of land-use constraints; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary recovery techniques for each play. The most prolific oil reservoir in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province is the eolian, Jurassic Nugget Sandstone, having produced over 288 million barrels (46 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 5.1 trillion cubic feet (145 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the depositionally heterogeneous Nugget is also extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Nugget reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and gypsiferous beds in the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone, or a low-permeability zone at the top of the Nugget. The Nugget Sandstone thrust belt play is divided into three subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored shallow structures, (2) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored deep structures, and (3) Absaroka thrust - Paleozoic-cored shallow structures. Both of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays represent a linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline parallel to the leading edge of the Absaroka thrust. Fields in the shallow Mesozoic subplay produce crude oil and associated gas; fields in the deep subplay produce retrograde condensate. The Paleozoic-cored structures subplay is located immediately west of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays. It represents a very continuous and linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline where the Nugget is truncated against a thrust splay. Fields in this subplay produce nonassociated gas and condensate. Traps in these subplays consist of long, narrow, doubly plunging anticlines. Prospective drilling targets are delineated using high-quality, two-dimensional and three-dimensional seismic data, forward modeling/visualization tools, and other state-of-the-art techniques. Future Nugget Sandstone exploration could focus on more structurally complex and subtle, thrust-related traps. Nugget structures may be present beneath the leading edge of the Hogsback thrust and North Flank fault of the Uinta uplift. The Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone play in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province has produced over 15 million barrels (2.4 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 93 billion cubic feet (2.6 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the low-porosity Twin Creek is extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Twin Creek reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and clastic beds, and non-fractured units within the Twin Creek. The Twin Creek Limestone thrust belt play is divided into two subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust-Mesozoic-cored structures and (2) A

  2. Geothermal Play Fairway Analysis | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: Guidance forGeospatial Grades: 9-12Play Fairway Analysis

  3. Conductive Plays - Basement | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) | Open EnergyConductive Plays - Basement Jump to:

  4. Geothermal Play Fairway Analysis | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdf Flash2006-53.pdf0.pdfCostAnalysis Geothermal Play Fairway Analysis pfw-webinar.pptx

  5. Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1993). LBNL Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s 7.16, 2005. LBNL Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/sChombo. LBNL Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s

  6. Rage against the machines: how subjects play against learning algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duersch, Peter; Kolb, Albert; Oechssler, Jörg; Schipper, Burkhard C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. : Rage against the machines—How Subjects Learn to PlayARTICLE Rage against the machines: how subjects play againsterror. Rage against the machines representative of real

  7. Experimental plug&play quantum coin flipping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Pappa; Paul Jouguet; Thomas Lawson; André Chailloux; Matthieu Legré; Patrick Trinkler; Iordanis Kerenidis; Eleni Diamanti

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Performing complex cryptographic tasks will be an essential element in future quantum communication networks. These tasks are based on a handful of fundamental primitives, such as coin flipping, where two distrustful parties wish to agree on a randomly generated bit. Although it is known that quantum versions of these primitives can offer information-theoretic security advantages with respect to classical protocols, a demonstration of such an advantage in a practical communication scenario has remained elusive. Here, we experimentally implement a quantum coin flipping protocol that performs strictly better than classically possible over a distance suitable for communication over metropolitan area optical networks. The implementation is based on a practical plug&play system, designed for quantum key distribution. We also show how to combine our protocol with coin flipping protocols that are almost perfectly secure against bounded adversaries, hence enhancing them with a level of information-theoretic security. Our results offer a powerful toolbox for future secure quantum communications.

  8. Defined Benefit Eligible Disability Benefit Program Summary

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData Files Data Files 1B&W Y-12studies in ionandLANS Defined

  9. Nature in Play: Measuring the Relationship of Nature and Unstructured Play through Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCleary, Lisa Christine

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    are given for three play spaces containing little nature, some nature, and complete nature in Bonn, Germany. The city has a rich environment and culture with a historic dedication to caring for the environment that made it ideal for a comparison... for encouraging me to apply to the Undergraduate Research Program and guiding me through the research process. She asked challenging questions that added depth to the project. Many individuals in Germany were helpful to my research. The resourceful Miriam...

  10. Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning Bel¨oningsbaserad Inl¨arning Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements 1 Defining the Problem Framework Role of Reward Simplifying Assumptions Central Concepts 2 Known Environment Bellmans

  11. Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Solar Energy Systems for Homeowners Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Solar Energy Systems for Homeowners April 24,...

  12. Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Marilyn; Akbari, Hashem; Blumstein, Carl; Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard; Calwell, Chris; Carter, Sheryl; Cavanagh, Ralph; Chang, Audrey; Claridge, David; Craig, Paul; Diamond, Rick; Eto, Joseph H.; Fulkerson, William; Gadgil, Ashok; Geller, Howard; Goldemberg, Jose; Goldman, Chuck; Goldstein, David B.; Greenberg, Steve; Hafemeister, David; Harris, Jeff; Harvey, Hal; Heitz, Eric; Hirst, Eric; Hummel, Holmes; Kammen, Dan; Kelly, Henry; Laitner, Skip; Levine, Mark; Lovins, Amory; Masters, Gil; McMahon, James E.; Meier, Alan; Messenger, Michael; Millhone, John; Mills, Evan; Nadel, Steve; Nordman, Bruce; Price, Lynn; Romm, Joe; Ross, Marc; Rufo, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant; Schipper, Lee; Schneider, Stephen H; Sweeney, James L; Verdict, Malcolm; Vorsatz, Diana; Wang, Devra; Weinberg, Carl; Wilk, Richard; Wilson, John; Worrell, Ernst

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growing investment by governments and electric utilities in energy efficiency programs highlights the need for simple tools to help assess and explain the size of the potential resource. One technique that is commonly used in this effort is to characterize electricity savings in terms of avoided power plants, because it is easier for people to visualize a power plant than it is to understand an abstraction such as billions of kilowatt-hours. Unfortunately, there is no standardization around the characteristics of such power plants. In this letter we define parameters for a standard avoided power plant that have physical meaning and intuitive plausibility, for use in back-of-the-envelope calculations. For the prototypical plant this article settles on a 500 MW existing coal plant operating at a 70percent capacity factor with 7percent T&D losses. Displacing such a plant for one year would save 3 billion kW h per year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metric is the Rosenfeld, in keeping with the tradition among scientists of naming units in honor of the person most responsible for the discovery and widespread adoption of the underlying scientific principle in question--Dr. Arthur H. Rosenfeld.

  13. Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Bill; Carter, Jonathan; Skinner, David; Oliker, Lenny; Husbands, Parry; Hargrove, Paul; Shalf, John; Marques, Osni; Ng, Esmond; Drummond, Tony; Yelick, Kathy

    2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In the next five years, the DOE expects to build systemsthat approach a petaflop in scale. In the near term (two years), DOE willhave several near-petaflops systems that are 10 percent to 25 percent ofa peraflop-scale system. A common feature of these precursors to petaflopsystems (such as the Cray XT3 or the IBM BlueGene/L) is that they rely onan unprecedented degree of concurrency, which puts stress on every aspectof HPC system design. Such complex systems will likely break current bestpractices for fault resilience, I/O scaling, and debugging, and evenraise fundamental questions about languages and application programmingmodels. It is important that potential problems are anticipated farenough in advance that they can be addressed in time to prepare the wayfor petaflop-scale systems. This report considers the following fourquestions: (1) What software is on a critical path to make the systemswork? (2) What are the strengths/weaknesses of the vendors and ofexisting vendor solutions? (3) What are the local strengths at the labs?(4) Who are other key players who will play a role and canhelp?

  14. Broadly defining lasing wavelengths in single bandgap-graded semiconductor nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zongyin; Wang, Delong; Meng, Chao; Wu, Zhemin; Wang, Yong; Ma, Yaoguang; Dai, Lun; Liu, Xiaowei; Hasan, Tawfique; Liu, Xu; Yang, Qing

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    optoelectronic devices. KEYWORDS: Cadmium sulfide selenide, bandgap-graded nanowire, lasing, defining wavelength, mode selectivity Semiconductor NW lasers have recently attracted a great deal of interest, since they have large numbers of potential... applications in future photonic and optoelectronic devices.1-5 To push NW lasers closer to practical applications, some important challenges, for instance, wavelength variability, must be addressed. To date, a number of binary semiconductor NW lasers...

  15. FLEXIBLE FRONT-END PROCESSING FOR SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO APPLICATIONS USING APPLICATION SPECIFIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    of existing standards need to be sup- ported as well. The high computational demands of such wireless communi, RWTH Aachen University, Germany ABSTRACT High computational demands of today's wireless communi- cation of increased area, increased energy con- sumption and/or reduced computational performance. Earlier

  16. Sacred Playground: Adult Play and Transformation at Burning Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Sarah Megan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Press. Huizinga, Johan 1955 Homo Ludens: A Studyfor a species. Historian Johan Huizinga identified a “play-games to governments (Huizinga 1955; Malaby 2009a). Moving

  17. A New 'Geothermal Play Type' Catalog: Streamlining Exploration...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    resources and ultimately to reserves and producing fields. A play type in petroleum geology represents a particular stratigraphic or structural geological setting,...

  18. Learning how to play Nash, potential games and alternating ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Megiddo

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 ... of the most important topic is how do players learn to play Nash equilibria (Chen and Gazzale [17]). Learning dynamics include Bayesian learning, ...

  19. Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning Bel¨oningsbaserad Inl¨arning #12;Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements 1 Defining the Problem Framework Role of Reward Simplifying Assumptions Central Concepts 2 Known Environment Bellman

  20. Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjellström, Hedvig

    Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements Reinforcement Learning Bel¨oningsbaserad Inl¨arning #12;Defining the Problem Known Environment Unknown Environment Improvements 1 Defining the Problem Framework Role of Reward Simplifying Assumptions Central Concepts 2 Known Environment Bellmans

  1. Zen Play: A fair play system connected to serious games to motivate energy sustainable behaviors inside dwellings:.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanon, D.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??“Zen Play“ is a graduation project that has been conducted to create a feedback system within the back-end part of a serious game, developed by… (more)

  2. THE CHALLENGE OF MOTION PLANNING FOR SOCCER PLAYING HUMANOID ROBOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallmann, Marcelo

    characterized by teams composed by differential drive robots playing almost static games in a wall surrounded. The chosen deadline is the year 2050. Soccer playing requires multiple cognitive skills, like team strategy, online learning, and real time sensor processing. On top of that, by its very own nature, soccer involves

  3. NREL: Wind Research - NREL Plays Founding, Developmental Role...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Plays Founding, Developmental Role in Major Wind Journal A screenshot of the Wind Energy publication for January 2013 with the picture of a spinning wind turbine on the front....

  4. GPR56 Plays Varying Roles in Endogenous Cancer Progression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Lei

    GPR56, a non-classical adhesion receptor, was previously reported to suppress tumor growth and metastasis in xenograft models using human melanoma cell lines. To understand whether GPR56 plays similar roles in the development ...

  5. Being virtual: embodiment and experience in interactive computer game play 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerseth, Hanna Mathilde

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis argues that the notion of player experience in relation to computer games is intrinsically linked to the body. Taking the idea of aesthetic experience, or sensuous experience, in computer game play as its ...

  6. Updates to the EIA Eagle Ford Play Maps

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Houston, Texas, USA, April 10-13, 2011. Hentz, T.F., and Ambrose, W.A., and D.C. Smith, in press, Eaglebine play of the southwestern East Texas Basin: Stratigraphic and...

  7. Performance Analysis & Optimization of Well Production in Unconventional Resource Plays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sehbi, Baljit Singh

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of proper physics often leads to unreasonable reservoir parameter estimates. The workflow demonstrates reduced non-uniqueness for the inverse history matching problem. The behavior of near-critical fluids in Liquid Rich Shale plays defies the production...

  8. Red River play, Gulf Canada deal boost Williston basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    High levels of activity in the Williston basin are assured this year with an expanding horizontal drilling play for oil in Ordovician Red River. The Red River play, like the Mississippian Lodgepole mound play, is centered in North Dakota. But the Red River play is much larger, extending into eastern Montana and northwestern South Dakota. More than 500 Red River B wells have been staked. One of the most recent companies to position itself in both plays is Gulf Canada Resources Ltd. The company forged an agreement with the Assiniboine and Sioux Indian tribes. The agreement initially provides Gulf access to about 800,000 acres on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, mostly in Roosevelt County, Mont., on the western slope of the Williston basin. Under an option, Gulf`s access could later expand to cover the reservation`s remaining 1.3 million acres. The paper discusses the extent of the Red River play, and Gulf Canada`s role in its development.

  9. Defining a sustainable aesthetic: a new paradigm for architecture.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, David Barrett

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This thesis explores the process of defining an aesthetic philosophy of sustainable architecture. An argument is made for the justification of the need for a… (more)

  10. The Literature Search Process: An Overview 1. Define your topic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    for eradicating Helicobacter pylori? Patient Description Intervention Comparison Intervention Expected Outcome Eradicating Helicobacter pylori Defining your topic with a specific question will make it easier to formulate

  11. A Proposal for User-defined Reductions in OpenMP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duran, A; Ferrer, R; Klemm, M; de Supinski, B R; Ayguade, E

    2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Reductions are commonly used in parallel programs to produce a global result from partial results computed in parallel. Currently, OpenMP only supports reductions for primitive data types and a limited set of base language operators. This is a significant limitation for those applications that employ user-defined data types (e. g., objects). Implementing manual reduction algorithms makes software development more complex and error-prone. Additionally, an OpenMP runtime system cannot optimize a manual reduction algorithm in ways typically applied to reductions on primitive types. In this paper, we propose new mechanisms to allow the use of most pre-existing binary functions on user-defined data types as User-Defined Reduction (UDR) operators. Our measurements show that our UDR prototype implementation provides consistently good performance across a range of thread counts without increasing general runtime overheads.

  12. Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Choices, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Choices, and the Path of Least Resistance support from the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation. #12;2 Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Choices, and the Path of Least Resistance Abstract: We assess the impact on savings

  13. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  14. North Dakota`s Dickinson Lodgepole play - an update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LeFever, J.A. [North Dakota Geological Survey, Grand Forks, ND (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    North Dakota`s Dickinson Lodgepole play began in February 1993 with the drilling and completion of Conoco`s No.74 Dickinson State well. The serendipitous discovery was found while drilling an in-field wildcat. Production is from a 294-ft-thick {open_quotes}Waulsortian-like{close_quotes} carbonate buildup in the Lodgepole Formation (Mississippian). Conoco estimated the ultimate recovery from this feature to be 7.86 million barrels of oil and 3.7 billion cubic feet of gas at the time of unitization. The field is currently under pressure maintenance by waterflood. The activity associated with the {open_quotes}mound{close_quotes} was primarily a land acquisition and a seismic play until the second quarter of 1995. Activity in the play accelerated with the discovery of Duncan - No.1-11 Knopik that tested 2707 BOPD from a new buildup (now Eland Field). This discovery not only increased interest but also increased the number of companies involved in the play. Currently, five fields are producing from carbonate buildups. Cumulative production through July, 1995 is 1.5 MBO, 835 MMCFG, and 15,990 BW. There is a high potential for this play to expand from the Dickinson area around the perimeter of the Williston Basin.

  15. Methodology for Defining Gap Areas between Course-over-ground Locations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, John E.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Finding all areas that lie outside some distance d from a polyline is a problem with many potential applications. This application of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software required finding all areas that were more than distance d from a set of existing paths (roads and trails) represented by polylines. An outer container polygon (known in VSP as a “sample area”) defines the extents of the area of interest. The term “gap area” was adopted for this project, but another useful term might be “negative coverage area.” The project required a polygon solution rather than a raster solution. The search for a general solution provided no results, so this methodology was developed

  16. Gamification: Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iosup, Alexandru

    Gamification: Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/... Alexandru Iosup 1TUD-PDS Alexandru Iosup Games Gamification in Higher May 7 May 9 May 27 10am Taub 337 2TUD-PDS Scheduling in IaaS Clouds Gamification in Higher Education A TU Delft perspective on Big Data Processing and Preservation May 27 June 6

  17. Playing games against nature: optimal policies for renewable resource allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Playing games against nature: optimal policies for renewable resource allocation Stefano Ermon- cision processes that arise as a natural model for many renewable resource allocation problems. Upon for the allocation of renewable resources. A key and unique aspect of such a resource type is the fact that

  18. How Climate Change is Playing Out in Minnesota: Extreme Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    How Climate Change is Playing Out in Minnesota: Extreme Weather Dr. Mark Seeley Dept of Soil, Water Climate Headlines Data Sources Changing Minnesota Climate Features Climate Consequences Implications for Severe Weather #12;Three Reasons to Accept That Climate Change is Real #12;#12;Stationary (1) Cyclical (2

  19. 1 Statistics Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Statistics STATISTICS Statistics plays an important role throughout society, providing data. They also explore how those skills can be applied to develop new initiatives. Statistics is one. UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor's program · Bachelor of Science with a major in statistics (http:// bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/statistics

  20. Sminaire de thme NEI Elveflow Plug and Play microfluidic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingrand, François

    Séminaire de thème NEI Elveflow Plug and Play microfluidic Le 12 Mars 2013 à 14h Intervenant in microfluidic. We will present the last brand of Elveflow products for microfluidic: - OB1: pressure and flow rate controller for high precision multi channel microfluidic flow control - AF1 Standard: nomad

  1. Architectural Building Blocks for Plug-and-Play System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avrunin, George S.

    Architectural Building Blocks for Plug-and-Play System Design Shangzhu Wang, George S. Avrunin semantics. Our approach is also integrated with design-time verification to provide feedback about with each other. Given the com- plexity of the behavior that is being described and the large design space

  2. The challenge of motion planning for humanoid robots playing soccer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menegatti, Emanuele

    requires team strategy, online learning, and real time sensor processing, to say the least. On top of that a stage where teams composed by differential drive robots played almost static games in a wall surrounded and static constraints increases the overall difficulty. While the above challenges hold for any humanoid

  3. Definability and Automorphisms of the Computably Enumerable Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koellner, Peter

    of determining which classes of Turing degrees are definable in the languages of Turing reduction and set.e.) degrees are a particularly important class of Turing degrees. They have been studied extensively since

  4. Qualities That Define a Well-Designed Product

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirics, Marjorie

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this research is to identify the defining characteristics of “good design” as applied to Industrial Design and to determine what specific qualities it possesses. I assessed what qualities in a product serve as attractors...

  5. Sedimentary Basins: Origin, Depositional Histories, and Petroleum Systems 1 Multiage Plays in Offshore Nigeria: Hidden Plays of Neogene Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Christopher D.

    in Offshore Nigeria: Hidden Plays of Neogene Shale Structures, and Robust Lower Miocene to Paleogene Akata Shale and structural styles of mobile shale features and focuses new atten- tion towards sets showing only thick sections of seismi- cally opaque facies commonly interpreted as shale `diapirs

  6. Vision application of human robot interaction: Development of a ping pong playing robotic arm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Kalpesh Prakash

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? Robotics is a science that is implemented parallel to human behavior. This work describes and implements techniques to mathematically model the game of ping… (more)

  7. Harmonic and intermodulation distortion effects play an important role in numerous analog applications, partic-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutton, Robert W.

    solves the drift-dif- fusion transport equations in the frequency domain, using the full complement workstations. 2 Harmonic Balance Applied To The Semiconductor Equations 2.1 Motivation The advantages , (2) where and are integers. Because and are typ- 2H 1+( )2 VIM t( ) A at a+( )cos B bt b+( )cos+= A B

  8. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSC Logos NERSC logos arePlayed Key Role in Nobel

  9. Conductive, Intracratonic Play Geothermal Development in the Paris Basin |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) | Open EnergyConductive Plays - Basement Jump to:Open

  10. Play Fairway Analysis Poster Session | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research | Department ofpermitPerformance Audit ofProducing cleanDisease |Play

  11. North Carolina Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S iPartnership ProgramDepartment ofCatalystsCarolina Playing

  12. Defining Strong Privacy for RFID and Stephen A. Weis2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , widespread adoption of retail RFID could raise privacy concerns for everyday consumers. Briefly, RFID systemsDefining Strong Privacy for RFID Ari Juels1 and Stephen A. Weis2 1 RSA Laboratories, Bedford, MA April 2006 Abstract. In this work, we consider privacy in Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) systems

  13. EXPLORING PERSONAL MEDIA: A SPATIAL INTERFACE SUPPORTING USER-DEFINED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    categorizations to personal media data using the fling-and-flock metaphor. This allows personal media of personal media data, rigid organizing metaphors, and difficulty in rapid data access. Users understandEXPLORING PERSONAL MEDIA: A SPATIAL INTERFACE SUPPORTING USER-DEFINED SEMANTIC REGIONS Hyunmo Kang

  14. Master Thesis Defining Materials in an Automotive Environment to Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assarsson, Ulf

    Master Thesis ­ Defining Materials in an Automotive Environment to Support Realistic Virtual will decrease project time and cost. In the automotive industry, virtual evaluation is of special importance to material library in RD&T. · Demonstration on an automotive case in RD&T. Prior knowledge Knowledge

  15. ROBERT MCNAB AND KATHLEEN BAILEY MANUSCRIPT 2: DEFINING CORRUPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be a corrupt action, given the individual saw no explicit private benefit? From Nye's perspective, 1964). The literature commonly defines corruption as, "the abuse of public power for private benefit: "the use of public office for private gain."3 From this perspective, corruption is connected explicitly

  16. Grupos definibles en cuerpos locales y cuerpos pseudo-finitos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baro, Elías

    investigaci´on dirigido por Margarita Otero Dom´inguez UAM Septiembre de 2006 #12;Introducci´on Este trabajo un conjunto definible G Kn junto con unas operaciones · : G�G G y -1 : G G cuyos grafos son tambi } donde f es un polinomio y n > 0, y es cerrada para operaciones booleanas. Una variedad de Nash real

  17. User-Defined Experiments for DOME Version 1.6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    ). Furthermore, buses often come within WiFi proximity of each other. The DOME testbed is designed to allow for distributing the experiments to each of the buses. The DOME #12;2 portal provides a service to schedule when1 User-Defined Experiments for DOME Version 1.6 University of Massachusetts, Amherst June 2010

  18. Defining the coupling coefficient for electrodynamic transducers Shuo Chenga)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    -density permanent magnets4 has enabled more com- pact and powerful electrodynamic transducers.5 More recentlyDefining the coupling coefficient for electrodynamic transducers Shuo Chenga) and David P. Arnold September 2013) This paper provides a simple, practical definition of the coupling coefficient

  19. Model for Evolutionary Technology An Automatically Defined Terminal Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    to satisfy consumer pref- erences on the demand side and lower production costs of products on the supply automatically defined terminal (ADT) to keep ready and stable building blocks growing into com- plex structure. INTRODUCTION Many fields including biology, design, engineering, manage- ment science, and complex adaptive

  20. Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer@lbl.gov)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    LBNL-59999 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s 1 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s In the next

  1. Automated intrusion recovery for web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Ramesh, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, we develop recovery techniques for web applications and demonstrate that automated recovery from intrusions and user mistakes is practical as well as effective. Web applications play a critical role ...

  2. The tractability of CSP classes defined by forbidden patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, David A Cohen Martin C; Salamon, András Z

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a general problem central to computer science and artificial intelligence. Although the CSP is NP-hard in general, considerable effort has been spent on identifying tractable subclasses. The main two approaches consider structural properties (restrictions on the hypergraph of constraint scopes) and relational properties (restrictions on the language of constraint relations). Recently, some authors have considered hybrid properties that restrict the constraint hypergraph and the relations simultaneously. Our key contribution is the novel concept of a CSP pattern and classes of problems defined by forbidden patterns (which can be viewed as forbidding generic subproblems). We describe the theoretical framework which can be used to reason about classes of problems defined by forbidden patterns. We show that this framework generalises relational properties and allows us to capture known hybrid tractable classes. Although we are not close to obtaining a dichotomy concern...

  3. Defining Human Failure Events for Petroleum Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring; Knut Øien

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, an identification and description of barriers and human failure events (HFEs) for human reliability analysis (HRA) is performed. The barriers, called target systems, are identified from risk significant accident scenarios represented as defined situations of hazard and accident (DSHAs). This report serves as the foundation for further work to develop petroleum HFEs compatible with the SPAR-H method and intended for reuse in future HRAs.

  4. Tight Oklahoma gas sands remain an attractive play

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cartwright, G.L. [Marathon Oil Co., Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

    1995-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cherokee tight gas sands of Oklahoma remain an attractive play because of improvements in drilling and completion practices and actions by the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) that allow separate allowables for new wells. The expired federal tax credits for tight gas wells have not been the only reason for increased activity. Since decontrol of most regulated gas pricing and since 1986, the number of wells drilled and gas production per well have been increasing in the cherokee area while overall drilling in Oklahoma has decreased. These conclusions are based on wells as categorized by permit date and not by the spud, completion, or first production date. A few wells outside but adjacent to the Cherokee area may have been included, although, their impact on the conclusions is considered nominal. The paper discusses the tight gas credit, proration units, the concept of separate allowables, costs, completion efficiency, and the economic outlook for this area.

  5. Mississippian ''Warsaw'' play makes waves in Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lasemi, Z.; Grube, J.P. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent completions of relatively prolific wells in the mid-Missippian Ullin limestone have generated considerable excitement about this Illinois basin play. Reservoirs found within this limestone, commonly referred to by industry as the Warsaw, are scattered and are prolific oil producers in some areas of the basin. The widespread development of reservoir quality facies at depths ranging from 2,400--4,400 ft and the stratigraphic proximity of thermally mature New Albany shale, the primary Illinois basin source rock are factors that make the Warsaw an excellent exploration target. The paper discusses a depositional model, reservoir development, reservoir facies of the upper and lower Warsaw, factors controlling porosity and permeability, and regional and structural considerations.

  6. Playing games against nature: optimal policies for renewable resource allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ermon, Stefano; Gomes, Carla P; Selman, Bart

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce a class of Markov decision processes that arise as a natural model for many renewable resource allocation problems. Upon extending results from the inventory control literature, we prove that they admit a closed form solution and we show how to exploit this structure to speed up its computation. We consider the application of the proposed framework to several problems arising in very different domains, and as part of the ongoing effort in the emerging field of Computational Sustainability we discuss in detail its application to the Northern Pacific Halibut marine fishery. Our approach is applied to a model based on real world data, obtaining a policy with a guaranteed lower bound on the utility function that is structurally very different from the one currently employed.

  7. Resilient Control Systems Practical Metrics Basis for Defining Mission Impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig G. Rieger

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Resilience” describes how systems operate at an acceptable level of normalcy despite disturbances or threats. In this paper we first consider the cognitive, cyber-physical interdependencies inherent in critical infrastructure systems and how resilience differs from reliability to mitigate these risks. Terminology and metrics basis are provided to integrate the cognitive, cyber-physical aspects that should be considered when defining solutions for resilience. A practical approach is taken to roll this metrics basis up to system integrity and business case metrics that establish “proper operation” and “impact.” A notional chemical processing plant is the use case for demonstrating how the system integrity metrics can be applied to establish performance, and

  8. Calculation defines uncertainty of unaccounted-for gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman, R.; Jepson, P.

    1987-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for defining the uncertainty of the unaccounted-for gas figure and for identifying and isolating causes of significant changes in this figure will lead to a more accurate accounting of volumes in high-pressure natural-gas transmission systems. An error analysis can be employed to ascertain the uncertainty on the unaccounted-for gas figure for such systems along with a simple method for recognizing the magnitude and time of significant changes in this figure. In addition, a better understanding of factors affecting meter accuracy will lead to more precise gas measurements.

  9. Defining, expressing, and using context in a simulation environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummel, J. R.; Christiansen, J. H.

    2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Reuse and interoperability are two keywords in the mantra of the modeling and simulation community. In order to achieve these goals, one must be able to capture, express, and manage the context of individual entities, models, and applications. Capturing the context requires having a thorough understanding of what the entity, model, or application was intended to do and is able to do. While many aspects of context are not easily expressible in a format or language that could be understood and managed in a simulation environment, there are some aspects that can be and the authors discuss how these aspects can be represented in a generalized object-oriented framework.

  10. A note on QUBO instances defined on Chimera graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjeeb Dash

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    McGeoch and Wang (2013) recently obtained optimal or near-optimal solutions to some quadratic unconstrained boolean optimization (QUBO) problem instances using a 439 qubit D-Wave Two quantum computing system in much less time than with the IBM ILOG CPLEX mixed-integer quadratic programming (MIQP) solver. The problems studied by McGeoch and Wang are defined on subgraphs -- with up to 439 nodes -- of Chimera graphs. We observe that after a standard reformulation of the QUBO problem as a mixed-integer linear program (MILP), the specific instances used by McGeoch and Wang can be solved to optimality with the CPLEX MILP solver in much less time than the time reported in McGeoch and Wang for the CPLEX MIQP solver. However, the solution time is still more than the time taken by the D-Wave computer in the McGeoch-Wang tests.

  11. Re-defining the Empirical ZZ Ceti Instability Strip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anjum S. Mukadam; D. E. Winget; Ted von Hippel; M. H. Montgomery; S. O. Kepler; A. F. M. Costa

    2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the new ZZ Ceti stars (hydrogen atmosphere white dwarf variables; DAVs) discovered within the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (Mukadam et al. 2004) to re-define the empirical ZZ Ceti instability strip. This is the first time since the discovery of white dwarf variables in 1968 that we have a homogeneous set of spectra acquired using the same instrument on the same telescope, and with consistent data reductions, for a statistically significant sample of ZZ Ceti stars. The homogeneity of the spectra reduces the scatter in the spectroscopic temperatures and we find a narrow instability strip of width ~950K, from 10850--11800K. We question the purity of the DAV instability strip as we find several non-variables within. We present our best fit for the red edge and our constraint for the blue edge of the instability strip, determined using a statistical approach.

  12. A firmware-defined digital direct-sampling NMR spectrometer for condensed matter physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pikulski, M., E-mail: marekp@ethz.ch; Shiroka, T.; Ott, H.-R.; Mesot, J. [Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland and Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the design and implementation of a new digital, broad-band nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer suitable for probing condensed matter. The spectrometer uses direct sampling in both transmission and reception. It relies on a single, commercially-available signal processing device with a user-accessible field-programmable gate array (FPGA). Its functions are defined exclusively by the FPGA firmware and the application software. Besides allowing for fast replication, flexibility, and extensibility, our software-based solution preserves the option to reuse the components for other projects. The device operates up to 400?MHz without, and up to 800?MHz with undersampling, respectively. Digital down-conversion with ±10?MHz passband is provided on the receiver side. The system supports high repetition rates and has virtually no intrinsic dead time. We describe briefly how the spectrometer integrates into the experimental setup and present test data which demonstrates that its performance is competitive with that of conventional designs.

  13. Undergraduate Application and Scholarships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    with Professor Nils Kroger, studying new materials made by microalgae for use in nano- technological applications such as biotechnology, renewable energy, nanotechnology, modern pharmaceuticals, environmental concerns, and forensics, which play central roles in the nation's health, nutrition, security, energy generation, and economy

  14. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    284(5422): 1988-1991. Huizinga, Johan 1955 Homo Ludens: Amen to teach them their playing” (Johan Huizinga, 1955: 1)The observation that Huizinga makes suggests that play is

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - atp-binding motifs play Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    play Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp-binding motifs play Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Chemistry & Biology, Vol. 11, 865874,...

  16. Promoting play in low-functioning children with autism though video modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francescon, Alexia

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most significant impairments in children with autism is their inability to play. This study explores the efficacy of using video modelling to teach functional and symbolic play behaviours to two low-functioning ...

  17. Diesel Engines: What Role Can They Play in an Emissions-Constrained...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    What Role Can They Play in an Emissions-Constrained World? Diesel Engines: What Role Can They Play in an Emissions-Constrained World? 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  18. Defining nuclear security in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conference devoted to Reducing the Risks from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials presupposes that such risks exist. Few would disagree, but what are they? While debate on the nature and severity of risks associated with nuclear energy will always remain, it is easy to define a set of risks that are almost universally acknowledged. These include: (1) Nuclear warfare between states; (2) Continued proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-grade nuclear materials to states and non-state actors; (3) Terrorists or non-state actor acquisition or use nuclear weapons or nuclear materials; (4) Terrorists or non-state actors attack on a nuclear facility; and (5) Loss or diversion of nuclear weapons or materials by a state to unauthorized uses. These are listed in no particular order of likelihood or potential consequence. They are also very broadly stated, each one could be broken down into a more detailed set of discrete risks or threats. The fact that there is a strong consensus on the existence of these risks is evidence that we remain in an era of nuclear insecurity. This becomes even clearer when we note that most major trends influencing the probability of these risks continue to run in a negative direction.

  19. Open Transport Switch A Software Defined Networking Architecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratorySpeeding access1 TechnicalOilOnline ApplicationOpen ScienceOpen

  20. Building Our Skills Inside and Out Block play is an essential part of our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    BLOCK PLAY Building Our Skills Inside and Out #12;Block play is an essential part of our curriculum and gain a deeper understanding of math concepts by building towers, bridges and buildings. #12;Math in Block Play As children's ideas and building skills grow more complex, designs and patterns emerge. #12

  1. Play analysis and stratigraphic position of Uinta Basin tertiary - age oil and gas fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, R.A. (Pennzoil Exploration and Production Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tertiary-age sediments in the Uinta basin produce hydrocarbons from five types of plays. These play types were determined by hydrocarbon type, formation, depositional environment, rock type, porosity, permeability, source, and per-well recovery. Each well was reviewed to determine the stratigraphic position and producing characteristics of each producing interval. The five types of plays are as follows: (1) naturally fractured oil reservoirs, (2) low-permeability oil reservoirs, (3) high-permeability of oil reservoirs, (4) low-permeability gas reservoirs, and (5) tight gas sands. Several fields produce from multiple plays, which made it necessary to segregate the hydrocarbon production into several plays. The stratigraphic position of the main producing intervals is shown on a basin-wide cross section, which is color-coded by play type. This 61-well cross section has several wells from each significant Tertiary oil and gas field in the Uinta basin.

  2. A Network Approach to Define Modularity of Components in Complex Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosa, Manuel E.

    Modularity has been defined at the product and system levels. However, little effort has gone into defining and quantifying modularity at the component level. We consider complex products as a network of components that ...

  3. Ultra-efficient, Robust and Well-defined Nano-Array based Monolithic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ultra-efficient, Robust and Well-defined Nano-Array based Monolithic Catalysts Ultra-efficient, Robust and Well-defined Nano-Array based Monolithic Catalysts This presentation...

  4. Project Profile: Plug-and-Play Solar Photovoltaics for American Homes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fraunhofer USA, Inc., Center for Sustainable Energy Systems and its partners, under the Plug-and-Play Photovoltaics FOA, are developing technologies, components, systems, and standards that enable...

  5. Wearable Play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheong, Sunyoung

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    . In addition, 3D printing and water jet technologies were also utilized to produce repetitive units. In order to suggest to viewers how such pieces as Wood Block I and Felt Slinky could be worn, I displayed photographs of people interacting...

  6. CREATING A GEOLOGIC PLAY BOOK FOR TRENTON-BLACK RIVER APPALACHIAN BASIN EXPLORATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas G. Patchen; Katharine Lee Avary; John M. Bocan; Michael Hohn; John B. Hickman; Paul D. Lake; James A. Drahovzal; Christopher D. Laughrey; Jaime Kostelnik; Taury Smith; Ron Riley; Mark Baranoski

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Research Consortium has made significant progress toward their goal of producing a geologic play book for the Trenton-Black River gas play. The final product will include a resource assessment model of Trenton-Black River reservoirs; possible fairways within which to concentrate further studies and seismic programs; and a model for the origin of Trenton-Black River hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs. All seismic data available to the consortium have been examined. Synthetic seismograms constructed for specific wells have enabled researchers to correlate the tops of 15 stratigraphic units determined from well logs to seismic profiles in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and Kentucky. In addition, three surfaces for the area have been depth converted, gridded and mapped. A 16-layer velocity model has been developed to help constrain time-to-depth conversions. Considerable progress was made in fault trend delineation and seismic-stratigraphic correlation within the project area. Isopach maps and a network of gamma-ray cross sections supplemented with core descriptions allowed researchers to more clearly define the architecture of the basin during Middle and Late Ordovician time, the control of basin architecture on carbonate and shale deposition and eventually, the location of reservoirs in Trenton Limestone and Black River Group carbonates. The basin architecture itself may be structurally controlled, and this fault-related structural control along platform margins influenced the formation of hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in original limestone facies deposited in high energy environments. This resulted in productive trends along the northwest margin of the Trenton platform in Ohio. The continuation of this platform margin into New York should provide further areas with good exploration potential. The focus of the petrographic study shifted from cataloging a broad spectrum of carbonate rocks that occur in the Trenton-Black River interval to delineation of regional limestone diagenesis in the basin. A consistent basin-wide pattern of marine and burial diagenesis that resulted in relatively low porosity and permeability in the subtidal facies of these rocks has been documented across the study area. Six diagenetic stages have been recognized: four marine diagenesis stages and two burial diagenesis stages. This dominance of extensive marine and burial diagenesis yielded rocks with low reservoir potential, with the exception of fractured limestone and dolostone reservoirs. Commercial amounts of porosity, permeability and petroleum accumulation appear to be restricted to areas where secondary porosity developed in association with hydrothermal fluid flow along faults and fractures related to basement tectonics. A broad range of geochemical and fluid inclusion analyses have aided in a better understanding of the origin of the dolomites in the Trenton and Black River Groups over the study area. The results of these analyses support a hydrothermal origin for all of the various dolomite types found to date. The fluid inclusion data suggest that all of the dolomite types analyzed formed from hot saline brines. The dolomite is enriched in iron and manganese, which supports a subsurface origin for the dolomitizing brine. Strontium isotope data suggest that the fluids passed through basement rocks or immature siliciclastic rocks prior to forming the dolomites. All of these data suggest a hot, subsurface origin for the dolomites. The project database continued to be redesigned, developed and deployed. Production data are being reformatted for standard relational database management system requirements. Use of the project intranet by industry partners essentially doubled during the reporting period.

  7. 767revision:2003-05-19modified:2003-05-25 Definability of Initial Segments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shelah, Saharon

    Tsuboi Abstract In any nonstandard model of Peano arithmetic, the standard part is not first order definable. But we show that in some model the standard part is definable as the unique solution of a formula consider implicit definability of the standard part {0, 1, ...} in nonstandard models of Peano arithmetic

  8. Defining And Characterizing Sample Representativeness For DWPF Melter Feed Samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shine, E. P.; Poirier, M. R.

    2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Representative sampling is important throughout the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) process, and the demonstrated success of the DWPF process to achieve glass product quality over the past two decades is a direct result of the quality of information obtained from the process. The objective of this report was to present sampling methods that the Savannah River Site (SRS) used to qualify waste being dispositioned at the DWPF. The goal was to emphasize the methodology, not a list of outcomes from those studies. This methodology includes proven methods for taking representative samples, the use of controlled analytical methods, and data interpretation and reporting that considers the uncertainty of all error sources. Numerous sampling studies were conducted during the development of the DWPF process and still continue to be performed in order to evaluate options for process improvement. Study designs were based on use of statistical tools applicable to the determination of uncertainties associated with the data needs. Successful designs are apt to be repeated, so this report chose only to include prototypic case studies that typify the characteristics of frequently used designs. Case studies have been presented for studying in-tank homogeneity, evaluating the suitability of sampler systems, determining factors that affect mixing and sampling, comparing the final waste glass product chemical composition and durability to that of the glass pour stream sample and other samples from process vessels, and assessing the uniformity of the chemical composition in the waste glass product. Many of these studies efficiently addressed more than one of these areas of concern associated with demonstrating sample representativeness and provide examples of statistical tools in use for DWPF. The time when many of these designs were implemented was in an age when the sampling ideas of Pierre Gy were not as widespread as they are today. Nonetheless, the engineers and statisticians used carefully thought out designs that systematically and economically provided plans for data collection from the DWPF process. Key shared features of the sampling designs used at DWPF and the Gy sampling methodology were the specification of a standard for sample representativeness, an investigation that produced data from the process to study the sampling function, and a decision framework used to assess whether the specification was met based on the data. Without going into detail with regard to the seven errors identified by Pierre Gy, as excellent summaries are readily available such as Pitard [1989] and Smith [2001], SRS engineers understood, for example, that samplers can be biased (Gy?s extraction error), and developed plans to mitigate those biases. Experiments that compared installed samplers with more representative samples obtained directly from the tank may not have resulted in systematically partitioning sampling errors into the now well-known error categories of Gy, but did provide overall information on the suitability of sampling systems. Most of the designs in this report are related to the DWPF vessels, not the large SRS Tank Farm tanks. Samples from the DWPF Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME), which contains the feed to the DWPF melter, are characterized using standardized analytical methods with known uncertainty. The analytical error is combined with the established error from sampling and processing in DWPF to determine the melter feed composition. This composition is used with the known uncertainty of the models in the Product Composition Control System (PCCS) to ensure that the wasteform that is produced is comfortably within the acceptable processing and product performance region. Having the advantage of many years of processing that meets the waste glass product acceptance criteria, the DWPF process has provided a considerable amount of data about itself in addition to the data from many special studies. Demonstrating representative sampling directly from the large Tank Farm tanks is a difficult, if not unsolvable enterprise due to li

  9. HON 201, Three Plays F 1-1:50, BH B21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Bhama

    " by Hugh Whitemore about Alan Turing who did fundamental work in mathematical logic and conceived play The third play deals with the career and personal problems of the British mathematician Alan Turing. The story of his life is found in an article in the New Yorker; see below. A link: http

  10. EXPLORING THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH A ROLE-PLAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EXPLORING THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH A ROLE-PLAY Arnaud Buchs and Odile Blanchard April 2011 Abstract: The concept of sustainable development is used in everyday life: education, role-play, sustainable development JEL codes: A2, Q01 Arnaud Buchs is an economics doctoral

  11. Playing Tangram with a Humanoid Robot Jochen Hirth, Norbert Schmitz, and Karsten Berns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Karsten

    -based architecture that forms the basis of ROMAN's control sys- tem is given. Afterwards, the implementation the required skills, to enable the humanoid robot ROMAN to play the game, have been ralized. Experimental of the interaction partner. Figure 1: The humanoid robot ROMAN playing the Tan- gram game with a human interaction

  12. ACM-enabled satellite triple play over DVB-S2: A techno-economic study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ACM-enabled satellite triple play over DVB-S2: A techno-economic study N. Anastasiadou1 , G looks at the techno-economic perspectives of the use of DVB-S2 and its unique feature, Adaptive Coding and Modulation (ACM) in the provision of satellite triple play. For this study, current market economic data were

  13. WASC Standards and CFRs (Revised February 2008) Standard I: Defining Institutional Purposes and Ensuring Educational Objectives--The institution defines its purposes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of its purposes and educational objectives at the institutional, program, and course levels through its policies, its educational and co-curricular programs, and its administrative and Ensuring Educational Objectives--The institution defines its purposes and establishes educational

  14. Cloud Based Applications and Platforms (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodt-Giles, D.

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation to the Cloud Computing East 2014 Conference, where we are highlighting our cloud computing strategy, describing the platforms on the cloud (including Smartgrid.gov), and defining our process for implementing cloud based applications.

  15. The effect of censorship on American film adaptations of Shakespearean plays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfred, Ruth Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    of Romeo?s line, ?This shall determine that,? from act 3, scene 1, of the play (98), which was spoken in the film by Tybalt before his fight with Romeo, played by Leslie Howard, Friar Laurence, played by Henry Kolker, was the only other character whose..., but on the other hand, I personally thought he was excellent in ?The Dawn Patrol? and other pictures. Granted - he is not the ideal Romeo - but who is? [Laurence] Olivier might be better, but I understand he cannot be obtained. 26 [Franchot] Tone might...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aids defining conditions Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Development Finance Using AidData Summary: Data defines development finance as loans or grants from govern- ments, official government aid agencies... that allow scholars to make...

  17. DEFINABILITY OF GROUPS IN 0-STABLE METRIC STRUCTURES ITAI BEN YAACOV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Yaacov, Itaï

    define a continuous predicate P(x) = st (x1)0 , namely the standard part of x truncated at 0 from below

  18. Troy Imagery and Competing Codes of Piety in Shakespeare's Early History Plays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harries, Brian James

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the relationship between British identity and mythic history presented in the early history plays of Shakespeare's first tetralogy. By examining the imagery of Troy and Rome, specifically the ...

  19. PPPL data may play role in first NASA space probe dedicated to...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    data may play role in first NASA space probe dedicated to magnetic reconnection By Raphael Rosen March 30, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The Atlas V MMS...

  20. Playing in the X-Games Window on the Extreme Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Playing in the X-Games Window on the Extreme Universe Yucca Mountain The Unseen Scholars 1663 LOS, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 2 8 20 Trident MAJOR PLAYER IN THE X-GAMES OF CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE Yucca Mountain

  1. The Poetics and Politics of Children's Play: Helen Levitt's Early Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gand, Elizabeth Margaret

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    considering that Johann Huizinga’s magisterial Homo Ludens:theorist of play, Johann Huizinga, insists upon in Homoof an act apart. Johann Huizinga 1938 to 1940 count as

  2. WaaZam! : supporting creative play at a distance in customized video environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, Seth E

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the design, implementation and evaluation of WaaZam, a telepresence system for families that supports social engagement through creative play in a unified video space. The goal of the project is to ...

  3. Rules for Role Play in Virtual Game Worlds Case Study: The Pataphysic Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eladhari, Mirjam P.; Mateas, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When she plays she ’is’ a hunting orc, acting as she wouldif she was an orc in the given setting. Suppose that theabout the history of the orc, what he wants and likes, why

  4. A Review of "Staging Spectatorship in the Plays of Philip Massinger" by Joanne Rochester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunker, Nancy Mohrlock

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    44 seventeenth-century news Joanne Rochester. Staging Spectatorship in the Plays of Philip Massinger. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2010. 166 pp. + 3 figures. $99.95. Review by nancy mohrlock bunker, macon state college. Joanne Rochester?s important...

  5. Promoting play skills in low-functioning children with autism using video modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacFarquhar, Julia

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Autism is one of the most widely recognised developmental disorders, affecting a variety of cognitive and physical areas to differing extents. The area of play skills has been found to be a particularly detrimental deficit ...

  6. Play and tolerance : notions of looseness in social and material assemblages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voorhees, Jeremy, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The material scenario provides the most illustrative of entry points into this collection of evidence embodying the difference between play and tolerance. In a material assemblage, the looseness in a joint (expansion, pin, ...

  7. Project Profile: Development of a Low-Cost Residential Plug-and-Play Photovoltaic System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Carolina State University FREEDM Systems Engineering Center and its partners, under the Plug-and-Play Photovoltaics FOA, are performing analysis, design, and innovation to address each stage...

  8. Exploring Constructions of the Meanings of Play among Korean Preservice Kindergarten Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Soo Young

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2008 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction EXPLORING CONSTRUCTIONS OF THE MEANINGS OF PLAY AMONG KOREAN PRESERVICE KINDERGARTEN TEACHERS A Dissertation by SOO YOUNG AHN... Blanca Quiroz Head of Department, Dennie L. Smith December 2008 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction iii ABSTRACT Exploring Constructions of the Meanings of Play among Korean Preservice Kindergarten Teachers. (December 2008) Soo...

  9. EPA and the Army Corps' Proposed Rule to Define "Waters of the United States"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    EPA and the Army Corps' Proposed Rule to Define "Waters of the United States" Claudia Copeland.crs.gov R43455 #12;EPA and the Army Corps' Proposed Rule to Define "Waters of the United States regulatory definition of "waters of the United States" consistent with legal rulings--especially the Supreme

  10. The Greening of Government: A Study of How Governments Define the Green Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Greening of Government: A Study of How Governments Define the Green Agenda Executive Summary Institute for Electronic Government, IBM Corporation Page 2 This page is intentionally blank. In the green Corporation Page 3 Foreword What are governments doing to `green' themselves? How do they define their green

  11. Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrell, Jim

    Chapter 6 Linear Transformations In this Chapter, we will define the notion of a linear transformation between two vector spaces V and W which are defined over the same field and prove the most basic transformations is equivalent to matrix theory. We will also study the geometric properties of linear

  12. Compensatory Paracrine Mechanisms That Define The Urothelial Response to Injury in Partial Bladder Outlet Obstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lendvay,, Thomas S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.19, MicroBrightField, Williston, Vermont). The application3.19, MicroBrightField, Williston, Vermont). The application

  13. Adequate Motion Simulation and Collision Detection for Soccer Playing Humanoid Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    application is depicted in Fig. 1. Testing these modules with the real robot's hardware is not only expensive with respect to time and experimental cost. It Fig. 1. Data flow in a robot control application. Boxes depict modules of the application, ellipses depict exchanged data. A real robot can only provide information

  14. The part played by death in the novels of Muriel Spark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gillian Russ

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THZ PART PLAY D HY DEATH IN THZ NOVELS OF MURIZL SPARK A Thesis by GILLIAN RUSS PARKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of' the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August 197$ Major... Subject: English THE PART BIAYE33 BY 337ATH IH THE 1"UVEIS OE MURIZI SPARR A Thesis by GIIIIAN RUSS PARKER Approved as t o style aud. o ont est by: I. Head oW33epar men Mem er Member August 1975 ABSTPACT The Part Played by Death in the Novels...

  15. Chemisorption of Aromatic Compounds on Well-Defined Palladium Surfaces: Studies by Electron Spectroscopy and Electrochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ding

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemisorption of aromatic compounds, derivatized with different functional groups, on well-defined Pd(111) surfaces was studied by a combination of Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), high resolution...

  16. Tracking a defined route for O2 migration in a dioxygen-activating diiron enzyme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Woon Ju

    For numerous enzymes reactive toward small gaseous compounds, growing evidence indicates that these substrates diffuse into active site pockets through defined pathways in the protein matrix. Toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase ...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - avoidance defined h-cad Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    projection operator Summary: redundancy-based strategy for avoiding joint limits of a robot arm. This strategy is based on defining three... by: q2 n i1 qi 2 (5) where qi 2...

  18. S98-1 Recycling Papers and Defining Plagiarism Legislative History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    S98-1 Recycling Papers and Defining Plagiarism Legislative History: At its meeting of February 2 for the stated purpose of storing submitted work in a database and using the database solely for the intended

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatase gene defines Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gene defines Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Aromatase mRNA in the Brain of Adult Green Anole Lizards: Effects of Summary: to previous work using Nissl-stained...

  20. Ultra-efficient, Robust and Well-defined Nano-Array based Monolithic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ultra-efficient, Robust and Well-defined Nano-Array based Monolithic Catalysts Yanbing Guo, Zheng Ren, and Pu-Xian Gao Department of Chemical, Materials and Biomolecular...

  1. Development of a Chemically Defined Medium to Assay the Metabolism of Lactic Acid Bacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Inhye

    2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    twelve chemically-defined ingredients. In order to increase the bioavailability of hydrophobic chemical additives, such as the isoflavone genistein (4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone), tween 80 was incorporated into the final medium at high levels (10% v...

  2. Defining the public three moments of audience address in 20th century artistic production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deser, Abigail

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines strategies of audience address as manifest in the work of the Russian avant-garde of the 1920s, the sculptural practices of the American Minimalists and the critics who served to define their endeavors, ...

  3. The proliferation of functions: multiple systems playing multiple roles in multiple super systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crilly, Nathan

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

     played by any given system are represented by the  function analysis diagram (Aurisicchio, Bracewell, & Armstrong, 2013;  Devoino et al., 1997). Here, components of a system are connected to each  other through the effect that one has on the other. Components can affect  multiple...

  4. God Does Play Dice: Diagnosis and Validation for Autonomous Systems Tim Menzies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menzies, Tim

    God Does Play Dice: Diagnosis and Validation for Autonomous Systems S. Bayana David Owen ¡ Tim for validating and diagnosing autonomous intelligent systems. Such techniques provide efficient approximate of LURCH, a random- ized inference engine that we have developed in validating and diagnosing autonomous

  5. Chasing the Rose Run play with 3D seismic in New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, B. [New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Socorro, NM (United States); Copley, D.; Loewenstein, S. [Ardent Resources Inc., Buffalo, NY (United States)

    1996-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Chasing the Cambro-Ordovician Rose Run play into New York from neighboring Ohio and Pennsylvania, Buffalo-based Ardent Resources Inc. has acquired the first 3D seismic data from the Empire State and will soon be drilling an exploratory well based on its interpretations. The Rose Run play is fraught with the types of challenges that increasingly typify US domestic production. Comprised of heterolithic dolostones and sandstones in a subcrop belt beneath a regional unconformity (Knox unconformity), reservoir heterogeneity is associated with truncation and topography beneath the unconformity, faults, fractures and depositional features. Together, the seismic and well data have demonstrated that the structural and stratigraphic complexity that characterizes the Rose Run play in Ohio are present in New York. Furthermore, the 1 Matusik well demonstrated that significant porosity is present below the Knox unconformity. Some wells that tested gas, but were not completed, in the Cambrian are potential recompletion targets. Given the structural complexity associated with the Rose Run play, strategically chosen 3D seismic surveys can be a cost-effective technology for confidently identifying drilling targets.

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Insect attraction to wind turbines: does colour play a role? C. V. Long & J. A at wind turbine installations has been generating increasing con- cern, both for the continued development the phenomenon of avian and bat mortality at wind turbine installations, an issue that could potentially

  7. I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance of wetlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    55 I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance or reverse the downward trend in streamflow. In this study, we investigated the energy and water balance had been sprayed with herbicide (and remained only as dead, standing biomass). Energy balance

  8. Playing with Your Brain: Brain-Computer Interfaces and Anton Nijholt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Playing with Your Brain: Brain-Computer Interfaces and Games Anton Nijholt University of Twente role of brain-computer interaction in computer games and entertainment computing. The assumption is that brain activity, whether it is consciously controlled and directed by the user or just recorded in order

  9. Fish farming plays an important role in Thai Binh province. Through the use of subsidies, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Fish farming plays an important role in Thai Binh province. Through the use of subsidies, the political authorities there encourage the conversion of low-yield paddy fields into fish farm ponds. Furthermore, thanks to integrated agriculture, fish farming allows regulation and absorption of most animal

  10. Abstract--Although Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) plays an important role in many restructured wholesale power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Abstract-- Although Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) plays an important role in many Terms-- Locational marginal pricing, wholesale power market, AC optimal power flow, DC optimal power congestion by means of Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP), i.e., the pricing of power by the location

  11. Forecasting, Sensitivity and Economic Analysis of Hydrocarbon Production from Shale Plays Using Artificial Intelligence & Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 162700 Forecasting, Sensitivity and Economic Analysis of Hydrocarbon Production from Shale-cluster, multi-stage hydraulic fractures, that have proven to be essential for economic recovery from Shale plays, sensitivity and economic analysis are performed in order to identify the impact of different reservoir

  12. Wii All Play: The Console Game as a Computational Meeting Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    software alone totaled $6.6 billion [10]. One of the most striking trends in the console game marketWii All Play: The Console Game as a Computational Meeting Place Amy Voida & Saul Greenberg study of collocated group console gaming. We focus on motivations for, perceptions of, and practices

  13. Building Plug-and-Play Smart Homes Using the Atlas Platform1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helal, Abdelsalam

    Building Plug-and-Play Smart Homes Using the Atlas Platform1 Raja Bose, Jeffrey King, Steven and describes how to use and program Atlas to build a smart space. The paper also presents several use cases, hme, helal}@cise.ufl.edu Abstract. Pervasive computing environments such as smart homes require

  14. INTRODUCTION Red wood ants play an important role in the ecology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    INTRODUCTION Red wood ants play an important role in the ecology of woodland ecosystems by virtue the ecological impor- tance of red wood ants (Gösswald, 1989) and the conser- vation concern for some species.borkin@clear.net.nz 2 Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Etive House, Beechwood Park, Inverness, IV2 3BW, UK; e

  15. Production and perception of vowels: does the density of the system play a role?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Production and perception of vowels: does the density of the system play a role? Christine Meunier system seems to influence vowel perception but not vowel production. 1. INTRODUCTION Each language has with a dense vocalic system? Moreover, is the phonetic production of a vowel affected by the density

  16. Games, Role-Playing, Tools and Models as a Learning Process to Simulate Groundwater Management Negotiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Games, Role-Playing, Tools and Models as a Learning Process to Simulate Groundwater Management in answering this question at a local level. A negotiation support simulator for a regional project is proposed which includes the numerous actors involved in water resource management projects. This simulator

  17. Play in the Museum: Designing Game-Based Learning Environments for Informal Education Settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    Play in the Museum: Designing Game-Based Learning Environments for Informal Education Settings learning contexts such as museums and science centers. In this paper, we describe the design of FUTURE WORLDS, a game- based learning environment for sustainability education in museums. FUTURE WORLDS

  18. Values at Play: Design Tradeoffs in Socially-Oriented Game Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Dawn J.

    the principle of integrating values into systems are likely to have trouble applying standard design software design--is a set of explicit pointers to guide design whose successful endpoint is the reliableValues at Play: Design Tradeoffs in Socially-Oriented Game Design Mary Flanagan Tiltfactor Lab

  19. Open areas of vibrating lips in trombone playing Seona Bromage*, Murray Campbell* and Joel Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as a control valve that allows an oscillating flow of air into the instrument. The behaviour of this valve experimental evidence to determine values of an exponential coefficient q defining the area-height function, the reed, acts as a valve which modulates the air flow entering the mouthpiece. The nature of the motion

  20. Requirements for Defining Utility Drive Cycles: An Exploratory Analysis of Grid Frequency Regulation Data for Establishing Battery Performance Testing Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hafen, Ryan P.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Battery testing procedures are important for understanding battery performance, including degradation over the life of the battery. Standards are important to provide clear rules and uniformity to an industry. The work described in this report addresses the need for standard battery testing procedures that reflect real-world applications of energy storage systems to provide regulation services to grid operators. This work was motivated by the need to develop Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) testing procedures, or V2G drive cycles. Likewise, the stationary energy storage community is equally interested in standardized testing protocols that reflect real-world grid applications for providing regulation services. As the first of several steps toward standardizing battery testing cycles, this work focused on a statistical analysis of frequency regulation signals from the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnect with the goal to identify patterns in the regulation signal that would be representative of the entire signal as a typical regulation data set. Results from an extensive time-series analysis are discussed, and the results are explained from both the statistical and the battery-testing perspectives. The results then are interpreted in the context of defining a small set of V2G drive cycles for standardization, offering some recommendations for the next steps toward standardizing testing protocols.

  1. Ordovician Red River {open_quotes}B{close_quotes}: Horizontal oil play in the southern Williston basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montgomery, S.L.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent application of horizontal drilling technology to the Ordovician Red River {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} zone in the southern Williston basin has resulted in a successful oil play, with more than 100 wells drilled in 1995 and 1996. The Red River {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} reservoir is a dolomitized laminated carbonate with microsucrosic porosity of 8-25% and permeabilities in the range of 1-66 md. It occurs within the middle of three depositional cycles ({open_quotes}A,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}B,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}C{close_quotes}) that form the upper Red River Formation. Each cycle consists of a lower burrowed limestone, middle laminated member, and capping anhydrite or lime mudstone. The {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} reservoir is confined to the {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} laminated member and consists of an upper portion, characterized by better reservoir quality, and a lower, less permeable portion. Horizontal drilling has the advantage of significantly increasing well-bore exposure to the upper, more permeable portion. Well data indicate the total Red River {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} porosity zone has remarkable extent over parts of southwestern North Dakota, southeastern Montana, and northwestern South Dakota. Productivity from horizontal well displays considerable variation that can be correlated with structure/tectonic patterns and with reservoir petrophysical character.

  2. Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre -defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

  3. Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

    2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre-defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

  4. CARIBBEAN COLLOQUIUM ON POWER QUALITY (CCPQ), JUNE 2003 100 Defining Reactive Power in Circuit Transients via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

    CARIBBEAN COLLOQUIUM ON POWER QUALITY (CCPQ), JUNE 2003 100 Defining Reactive Power in Circuit the notion of reactive power during circuit transients. The definition we propose is based on the concept, namely Short- Time Fourier Coefficients and Haar Wavelets. We illustrate this "dynamic" reactive power

  5. in North america, Canada Goose (Branta canaden-sis) populations are defined and partially managed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jodice, Patrick

    in North america, Canada Goose (Branta canaden- sis) populations are defined and partially managed based on affiliations with breeding grounds. three populations of migratory Canada Geese occur- ulation (hindman et al. 2004). Canada Geese from the atlantic Population (predominantly Branta canadensis

  6. Defining success and limits of field experiments to test geoengineering1 by marine cloud brightening2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    Defining success and limits of field experiments to test geoengineering1 by marine cloud radiation9 management approach to geoengineering the Earth's climate in order to offset10 anthropogenic deemed successful.17 18 19 20 Keywords: geoengineering, clouds, albedo, field test21 #12;1. Introduction

  7. Defining success and limits of field experiments to test geoengineering by marine cloud brightening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    Defining success and limits of field experiments to test geoengineering by marine cloud brightening radiation management approach to geoengineering the Earth's climate in order to offset anthropogenic global) approach for geoengineering the Earth's climate to offset anthropogenic global warming (Latham 1990

  8. Defining and Creating a 3rd Party/Alternate Payee Vendor Adds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Defining and Creating a 3rd Party/Alternate Payee Vendor Adds The party who received the reportable income that is to be picked up for reporting and has already been paid, will be the Vendor. The vendor on is the vendor is not already set up in our systems. The individual who paid out of pocket or who

  9. Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Geodesic diameter of sets defined by few quadratic equations and inequalities Michel Coste and Seydou Moussa September 2, 2010 Abstract We prove a bound for the geodesic diameter of a subset borrowed from D'Acunto and Kurdyka (to deal with the geodesic diameter) and from Barvinok (to take

  10. Data Validation Using Data Descriptors Data validation is often defined by six data descriptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPENDIX N Data Validation Using Data Descriptors Data validation is often defined by six data descriptors: 1) reports to decision maker 2) documentation 3) data sources 4) analytical method and detection limit 5) data review 6) data quality indicators The decision maker or reviewer examines the data

  11. Defining groundwater remediation objectives with cost-1 benefit analysis: does it work?2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /or decontamination are related to direct50 groundwater use. Benefits are often considered as avoided costs1 Defining groundwater remediation objectives with cost-1 benefit analysis: does it work?2 3 J.7 *Corresponding author (E-mail: jd.rinaudo@brgm.fr)8 9 Abstract10 The use of cost-benefit analysis

  12. Strong CA2 Pyramidal Neuron Synapses Define a Powerful Disynaptic Cortico-Hippocampal Loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contractor, Anis

    Neuron Article Strong CA2 Pyramidal Neuron Synapses Define a Powerful Disynaptic Cortico report that hippo- campal CA2 pyramidal neurons, whose function has remained obscure for 75 years, have a reversed synaptic strength rule. Thus, CA2 neurons are strongly excited by their distal dendritic inputs

  13. Defining Complexity: A Commentary to a paper by Charles H. Bennett

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Perakh

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The letter by Mark Perakh entitled "DEFINING COMPLEXITY: A Commentary to a paper by Charles H. Bennett" is here archived with the permission of the author. This letter was downloaded from the site "On Talk Reason, http://www.talkreason.org/articles/complexity.pdf, August (2004)".

  14. Asymptotic analysis of utility-based prices and hedging strategies for utilities defined on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sîrbu, Mihai

    Asymptotic analysis of utility-based prices and hedging strategies for utilities defined 6th 2009 #12;Outline Optimal investment and utility-based pricing hedging Asymptotic expansions horizon T 3. preferences over terminal wealth described by a utility function U #12;Trading strategies

  15. Effects of magnesium ions on the stabilization of RNA oligomers of defined structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westhof, Eric

    Effects of magnesium ions on the stabilization of RNA oligomers of defined structures MARTIN J as a function of magnesium ion concentration. The oligomers included helices composed of Watson­Crick base pairs could best be interpreted as nonspecific binding of metal ions to the RNAs. The effect of magnesium ions

  16. Defining Development Standards for Reusable User Interface Max Mulawa, Rich Picking and Vic Grout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grout, Vic

    for standard aware development. · Constraints on API of the component. · Documentation structure. · IntegrationDefining Development Standards for Reusable User Interface Components Max Mulawa, Rich Picking.NET user-interface components. This standard aims to assess the quality of implemented components

  17. Nanotechnology is defined as materi-als and systems ranging from 1 to 100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Kin

    Nanotechnology is defined as materi- als and systems ranging from 1 to 100 nm which exhibit novel in the potentially revo- lutionary impacts that nanotechnology has to offer clinical medicine, particu- larly oncology. Numerous proof of concept appli- cations of nanotechnology have been described for high impact

  18. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Defining a US Architecture for Environmental Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Defining a US Architecture for Environmental.S. lacks a coherent integrated architecture, organization, and strategy for planning capabilities and investments in space-based environmental monitoring. In order to clarify the underlying problem, this paper

  19. VIRGINIA TECH WILL BE A LEADER IN CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY We define sustainability as the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    VIRGINIA TECH WILL BE A LEADER IN CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY We define sustainability of future generations. History of Sustainability at Virginia Tech Virginia Tech is committed to being a leader in campus sustainability. In June, 2009, the Board of Visitors unanimously approved the Virginia

  20. SDF: Software-Defined Flash for Web-Scale Internet Storage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Song

    . To achieve this goal we propose software-defined flash (SDF), a hardware/software co-designed storage system.3.2 [Memory Struc- tures]: Design Styles - mass storage (e.g., magnetic, optical, RAID) Keywords including index- ing services, online/offline key-value storage, table storage, an advertisement system, my

  1. Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B Faron Moller1. In [11, 10] we propose a new modelling approach for railway interlockings. We use CSP||B [13], which involves events such as train movements and, in the interlocking, state based reasoning. In this sense, CSP

  2. Using the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies for Rescue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the environment. The aim of the exploration process is to cover the whole environment in a minimum period of timeUsing the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies University CNRS, UMR 6072 GREYC F-14032 Caen, France serge.stinckwich@ird.fr Abstract -- The exploration

  3. Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,16-19 heavy metal capture,20,21 sensing,12 ionic conductivity,22 toxic industrial chemical capture,23Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000 Nora Planas,, Joseph E of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Metal

  4. COMPACT DOMINATION FOR GROUPS DEFINABLE IN LINEAR O-MINIMAL STRUCTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleftheriou, Pantelis E.

    that the canonical homomorphism : G G/G00 is a kind of intrinsic `standard part map'. Recall the following of an ordered field, standard part maps have already appeared in the following two situations, among others. In [BO2, Definition 4.1], a standard part map is defined from the `finite part' Fin(Mn ) of Mn onto Rn

  5. Optimal Spectrum Sharing for Multi-hop Software Defined Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Y. Thomas

    Optimal Spectrum Sharing for Multi-hop Software Defined Radio Networks Y. Thomas Hou Yi Shi Hanif D. The uneven size of bands in the radio spectrum prompts the need of further division into sub the required network-wide radio spectrum resource for a set of user sessions. Since such problem formulation

  6. Defining a Stream Restoration Body of Knowledge as a Basis for National Certification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, Joanna C.

    Forum Defining a Stream Restoration Body of Knowledge as a Basis for National Certification Sue L-7900.0000814 Introduction The practice of stream restoration has become widely accepted as an essential component protocols remain for the practice of stream restoration. Given the lack of consistency, many restoration

  7. SYSTEMS DIVISION RESEARCH 2013 1 Abstract--This research seeks to define an appropriate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SYSTEMS DIVISION RESEARCH 2013 1 1 Abstract-- This research seeks to define an appropriate System of Systems (SoS) Risk Management framework and the production of a support tool enabling Management literature. Index Terms--Systems Engineering, System of Systems, System of Systems Engineering

  8. A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit and temperature sensor auto recognition technique.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xiaohui

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit control system is proposed in this study. This is the foundation and the first… (more)

  9. Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 09, Number 2: Plays in Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1976-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 LÁTIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Plays in Performance La nueva obra de Maruxa Vilalta, Nada como el piso 16, se estrenó el 7 de noviembre de 1975 en el Teatro de la Universidad, México, D.F. La pieza fue presentada bajo la dirección de la misma... autora. Según los comentarios de varios periódicos y revistas, la obra tuvo una acogida muy favorable, tanto de los críticos como del público. Los tres papeles fueron representados por Carlos Ancira (Max), Octavio Galindo (Jerome) y Mabel Martín...

  10. Table 4. Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2012-13

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR Table 1. Summary:Principal shale gas plays:

  11. NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureates Discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSC Logos NERSC logos arePlayed Key Role in

  12. Ames Lab Plays Elemental Role in New PBS Special | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012) 1 Documentation andEnergy| Department ofAmes Lab Plays

  13. What role does the third law of thermodynamics play in Szilard engines?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang-Hwan Kim; Sang Wook Kim

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of the third law of thermodynamics in the Szilard engine has been addressed. If the ground state is non-degenerate, the entropy production defined as the work extractable from the engine divided by temperature vanishes as temperature approaches zero due to the third law. The degenerate ground state induced by the symmetry or by accidence gives rise to non-zero entropy production at zero temperature associated with the residual entropy. Various physical situations such as the SZE consisting of bosons or fermions either with or without interaction have been investigated.

  14. Physiological Imaging-Defined, Response-Driven Subvolumes of a Tumor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farjam, Reza [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States) [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Tsien, Christina I.; Feng, Felix Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Gomez-Hassan, Diana [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hayman, James A.; Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Cao, Yue, E-mail: yuecao@umich.edu [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States) [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop an image analysis framework to delineate the physiological imaging-defined subvolumes of a tumor in relating to treatment response and outcome. Methods and Materials: Our proposed approach delineates the subvolumes of a tumor based on its heterogeneous distributions of physiological imaging parameters. The method assigns each voxel a probabilistic membership function belonging to the physiological parameter classes defined in a sample of tumors, and then calculates the related subvolumes in each tumor. We applied our approach to regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and Gd-DTPA transfer constant (K{sup trans}) images of patients who had brain metastases and were treated by whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). A total of 45 lesions were included in the analysis. Changes in the rCBV (or K{sup trans})–defined subvolumes of the tumors from pre-RT to 2 weeks after the start of WBRT (2W) were evaluated for differentiation of responsive, stable, and progressive tumors using the Mann-Whitney U test. Performance of the newly developed metrics for predicting tumor response to WBRT was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The percentage decrease in the high-CBV-defined subvolumes of the tumors from pre-RT to 2W was significantly greater in the group of responsive tumors than in the group of stable and progressive tumors (P<.007). The change in the high-CBV-defined subvolumes of the tumors from pre-RT to 2W was a predictor for post-RT response significantly better than change in the gross tumor volume observed during the same time interval (P=.012), suggesting that the physiological change occurs before the volumetric change. Also, K{sup trans} did not add significant discriminatory information for assessing response with respect to rCBV. Conclusion: The physiological imaging-defined subvolumes of the tumors delineated by our method could be candidates for boost target, for which further development and evaluation is warranted.

  15. Deep, water-free gas potential is upside to New Albany shale play

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton-Smith, T. [Hamilton-Smith LLC, Lexington, KY (United States)

    1998-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Albany shale of the Illinois basin contains major accumulations of Devonian shale gas, comparable both to the Antrim shale of the Michigan basin and the Ohio shale of the Appalachian basin. The size of the resource originally assessed at 61 tcf has recently been increased to between 323 tcf and 528 tcf. According to the 1995 US Geological Survey appraisal, New Albany shale gas represents 52% of the undiscovered oil and gas reserves of the Illinois basin, with another 45% attributed to coalbed methane. New Albany shale gas has been developed episodically for over 140 years, resulting in production from some 40 fields in western Kentucky, 20 fields in southern Indiana, and at least 1 field in southern Illinois. The paper describes two different plays identified by a GRI study and prospective areas.

  16. Wind Energy's New Role in Supplying the World's Energy: What Role Will Structural Health Monitoring Play?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butterfield, S.; Sheng, S.; Oyague, F.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind energy installations are leading all other forms of new energy installations in the United States and Europe. In Europe, large wind plants are supplying as much as 25% of Denmark's energy needs and 8% of the electric needs for Germany and Spain, who have more ambitious goals on the horizon. Although wind energy only produces about 2% of the current electricity demand in the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy, in collaboration with wind industry experts, has drafted a plan that would bring the U.S. installed wind capacity up to 20% of the nation's total electrical supply. To meet these expectations, wind energy must be extremely reliable. Structural health monitoring will play a critical role in making this goal successful.

  17. Renewal Application

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewal Individual Permit Renewal Application The Permit expires March 31, 2014 and existing permit conditions will be in effect until a new permit is issued. The Permittees...

  18. FINAL DRAFT VI. Application 3: Recruitment Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Tom

    FINAL DRAFT 106 VI. Application 3: Recruitment Prediction Contributors: S. Sarah Hinckley, Bernard Megrey, Thomas Miller Definition What do we mean by recruitment prediction? The first thing to consider in defining this term is the time horizon of the prediction. Short-term predictions mean the use of individual

  19. Conjugate Codes and Applications to Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes such that one contains the dual of the other. The conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is argued that conjugate code pairs are applicable to quantum cryptography in order to motivate studies on conjugate code pairs.

  20. Defining medium-specific condensates in QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchheim; T. Hilger; B. Kampfer

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons in a strongly interacting environment require the decomposition of Gibbs averaged operators related to tensor structures. We present a procedure to decompose these operators into vacuum and medium-specific parts, thus defining plain medium-specific condensates with coefficients vanishing in vacuum. Our decomposition allows for an identification of potential elements of order parameters for chiral restoration, in particular for higher mass-dimension quark-condensates which would be masked otherwise if operators with uncontracted Lorentz indices would be linked to DIS amplitudes.

  1. Software-defined Radio Based Wireless Tomography: Experimental Demonstration and Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonior, Jason D [ORNL; Hu, Zhen [Tennessee Technological University; Guo, Terry N. [Tennessee Technological University; Qiu, Robert C. [Tennessee Technological University; Browning, James P. [United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; Wicks, Michael C. [University of Dayton Research Institute

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This letter presents an experimental demonstration of software-defined-radio-based wireless tomography using computer-hosted radio devices called Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP). This experimental brief follows our vision and previous theoretical study of wireless tomography that combines wireless communication and RF tomography to provide a novel approach to remote sensing. Automatic data acquisition is performed inside an RF anechoic chamber. Semidefinite relaxation is used for phase retrieval, and the Born iterative method is utilized for imaging the target. Experimental results are presented, validating our vision of wireless tomography.

  2. C.R.S. 40-1-103 - Public Utility Defined | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais aBurkittsville,Bushyhead,ButtsC &Energy2 - WaterDefined

  3. Video Games and Aggression: the effects of violent game play on self-reported and peer-observed anger 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Andrew R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The continued upsurge in the popularity of video games has lead to persistent debate over the effects of play, particularly the use of violent video games. The present experimental study aimed to replicate the results of numerous research groups who...

  4. The Role Mentoring Plays in a White Female Novice Teacher's Perceptions of Her Enculturation into a Culturally Diverse Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, Erica Michelle

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    played in a White female novice teacher's perceptions of her enculturation into a culturally diverse campus. Several methods of data collection were used, including 9 semi-structured interviews with the novice teacher, email dialogues, 3 days...

  5. A molecularly defined duplication set for the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venken, Koen J. T.; Popodi, Ellen; Holtzman, Stacy L.; Schulze, Karen L.; Park, Soo; Carlson, Joseph W.; Hoskins, Roger A.; Bellen, Hugo J.; Kaufman, Thomas C.

    2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a molecularly defined duplication kit for the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. A set of 408 overlapping P[acman] BAC clones was used to create small duplications (average length 88 kb) covering the 22-Mb sequenced portion of the chromosome. The BAC clones were inserted into an attP docking site on chromosome 3L using C31 integrase, allowing direct comparison of different transgenes. The insertions complement 92% of the essential and viable mutations and deletions tested, demonstrating that almost all Drosophila genes are compact and that the current annotations of the genome are reasonably accurate. Moreover, almost all genes are tolerated at twice the normal dosage. Finally, we more precisely mapped two regions at which duplications cause diplo-lethality in males. This collection comprises the first molecularly defined duplication set to cover a whole chromosome in a multicellular organism. The work presented removes a long-standing barrier to genetic analysis of the Drosophila X chromosome, will greatly facilitate functional assays of X-linked genes in vivo, and provides a model for functional analyses of entire chromosomes in other species.

  6. Multilevel learning-based segmentation of ill-defined and spiculated masses in mammograms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, Yimo; Lo, Shih-Chung B.; Freedman, Matthew T.; Makariou, Erini; Xuan, Jianhua [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Arlington, Virginia 22203 (United States) and Department of Radiology, ISIS Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 (United States); Department of Radiology, ISIS Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 (United States); Department of Oncology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 (United States); Department of Radiology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Arlington, Virginia 22203 (United States)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: A learning-based approach integrating the use of pixel-level statistical modeling and spiculation detection is presented for the segmentation of mammographic masses with ill-defined margins and spiculations. Methods: The algorithm involves a multiphase pixel-level classification, using a comprehensive group of features computed from regional intensity, shape, and textures, to generate a mass-conditional probability map (PM). Then, the mass candidate, along with the background clutters consisting of breast fibroglandular and other nonmass tissues, is extracted from the PM by integrating the prior knowledge of shape and location of masses. A multiscale steerable ridge detection algorithm is employed to detect spiculations. Finally, all the object-level findings, including mass candidate, detected spiculations, and clutters, along with the PM, are integrated by graph cuts to generate the final segmentation mask. Results: The method was tested on 54 masses (51 malignant and 3 benign), all with ill-defined margins and irregular shape or spiculations. The ground truth delineations were provided by five experienced radiologists. Area overlapping ratio of 0.689 ({+-}0.160) and 0.540 ({+-}0.164) were obtained for segmenting entire mass and margin portion only, respectively. Williams index of area and contour based measurements indicated that the segmentation results of the algorithm agreed well with the radiologists' delineation. Conclusions: The proposed approach could closely delineate the mass body. Most importantly, it is capable of including mass margin and its spicule extensions which are considered as key features for breast lesion analyses.

  7. A comparative study of teacher playground behavior and the levels of play in 4 and 5 year-old children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viruru, Radhika

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TEACHER PLAYGROUND BEHAVIOR AND THE LEVELS OF PLAY IN FOUR AND FIVE YEAR-OLD CHILDREN A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by: Do glas C. Godwin ( Chair of Committee ) David G. Armstron ( Member ) Walter F.... Stenning ( Member ) William H. Peters ( Head of Department ) May 1990 A Comparative Study of Teacher Playground Behavior and the Levels of Play in Four and Five Year-Old Children. (May 1990) Radhika Viruru, BA. (Hons. ), Banaras Hindu University...

  8. Resilience: Theory and Application.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, J.L.; Haffenden, R.A.; Bassett, G.W.; Buehring, W.A.; Collins, M.J., III; Folga, S.M.; Petit, F.D.; Phillips, J.A.; Verner, D.R.; Whitfield, R.G. (Decision and Information Sciences)

    2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    There is strong agreement among policymakers, practitioners, and academic researchers that the concept of resilience must play a major role in assessing the extent to which various entities - critical infrastructure owners and operators, communities, regions, and the Nation - are prepared to respond to and recover from the full range of threats they face. Despite this agreement, consensus regarding important issues, such as how resilience should be defined, assessed, and measured, is lacking. The analysis presented here is part of a broader research effort to develop and implement assessments of resilience at the asset/facility and community/regional levels. The literature contains various definitions of resilience. Some studies have defined resilience as the ability of an entity to recover, or 'bounce back,' from the adverse effects of a natural or manmade threat. Such a definition assumes that actions taken prior to the occurrence of an adverse event - actions typically associated with resistance and anticipation - are not properly included as determinants of resilience. Other analyses, in contrast, include one or more of these actions in their definitions. To accommodate these different definitions, we recognize a subset of resistance- and anticipation-related actions that are taken based on the assumption that an adverse event is going to occur. Such actions are in the domain of resilience because they reduce both the immediate and longer-term adverse consequences that result from an adverse event. Recognizing resistance- and anticipation-related actions that take the adverse event as a given accommodates the set of resilience-related actions in a clear-cut manner. With these considerations in mind, resilience can be defined as: 'the ability of an entity - e.g., asset, organization, community, region - to anticipate, resist, absorb, respond to, adapt to, and recover from a disturbance.' Because critical infrastructure resilience is important both in its own right and because of its implications for community/regional resilience, it is especially important to develop a sound methodology for assessing resilience at the asset/facility level. This objective will be accomplished by collecting data on four broadly defined groups of resilience-enhancing measures: preparedness, mitigation measures, response capabilities, and recovery mechanisms. Table ES-1 illustrates how the six components that define resilience are connected to the actions that enhance the capacity of an entity to be resilient. The relationships illustrated in Table ES-1 provide the framework for developing a survey instrument that will be used to elicit the information required to assess resilience at the asset/facility level. The resilience of a community/region is a function of the resilience of its subsystems, including its critical infrastructures, economy, civil society, governance (including emergency services), and supply chains/dependencies. The number and complexity of these subsystems will make the measurement of resilience more challenging as we move from individual assets/facilities to the community/regional level (where critical infrastructure resilience is only one component). Specific challenges include uncertainty about relationships (e.g., the composition of specific supply chains), data gaps, and time and budget constraints that prevent collection of all of the information needed to construct a comprehensive assessment of the resilience of a specific community or region. These challenges can be addressed, at least partially, by adopting a 'systems approach' to the assessment of resilience. In a systems approach, the extent to which the analysis addresses the resilience of the individual subsystems can vary. Specifically, high-level systems analysis can be used to identify the most important lower-level systems. In turn, within the most important lower-level systems, site assessment data should be collected only on the most critical asset-level components about which the least is known. Implementation of the strategies outlined here to as

  9. Potential for new stratigraphic play in Mississippian Midale anhydrite, eastern Williston basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porter, L.A.; Reid, F.S.

    1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Midale (Mississippian) production was first indicated in 1953 in Saskatchewan, Canada. The productive unit was defined initially in the subsurface as the carbonate interval between the top of the Frobisher Anhydrite and the base of the Midale Anhydrite. This same nomenclature is used in this paper. In 1953, Midale production was found on the United States side of the Williston basin in Bottineau County, North Dakota. Later exploration extended Midale production western into Burke County, North Dakota, in 1955. Cumulative production from the Midale is approximately 660 million bbl with 640 million from the Canadian side of the Williston basin. Initially, hydrocarbon entrapment in the Midale was believed to be controlled by the Mississippian subcrop, with the Burke County production controlled by low-relief structural closure. Petrographic examination of cores and cuttings from the Midale in both Saskatchewan, Canada, and Burke and Bottineau Counties, North Dakota, indicates that production is controlled by facies changes within the unit. Use of a transgressive carbonate tidal-flats model best explains current production patterns and indicates substantial potential for additional production in eastern North Dakota and South Dakota.

  10. The Mauna Kea Observatories Near-Infrared Filter Set. I: Defining Optima 1-5m Bandpasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Mauna Kea Observatories Near-Infrared Filter Set. I: Defining Optima 1-5µm Bandpasses D. A #12;The Mauna Kea Observatories Near-Infrared Filter Set. I: Defining Optimal 1­5 µm Bandpasses D. A. This was discussed in detail by Young et al. (1994). The Mauna Kea Observatories Near-Infrared (MKO-NIR) filters

  11. A Systems Approach to Identifying Exploration and Development Opportunities in the Illinois Basin: Digital Portifolio of Plays in Underexplored Lower Paleozoic Rocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beverly Seyler; David Harris; Brian Keith; Bryan Huff; Yaghoob Lasemi

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined petroleum occurrence in Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian reservoirs in the Illinois Basin. Results from this project show that there is excellent potential for additional discovery of petroleum reservoirs in these formations. Numerous exploration targets and exploration strategies were identified that can be used to increase production from these underexplored strata. Some of the challenges to exploration of deeper strata include the lack of subsurface data, lack of understanding of regional facies changes, lack of understanding the role of diagenetic alteration in developing reservoir porosity and permeability, the shifting of structural closures with depth, overlooking potential producing horizons, and under utilization of 3D seismic techniques. This study has shown many areas are prospective for additional discoveries in lower Paleozoic strata in the Illinois Basin. This project implemented a systematic basin analysis approach that is expected to encourage exploration for petroleum in lower Paleozoic rocks of the Illinois Basin. The study has compiled and presented a broad base of information and knowledge needed by independent oil companies to pursue the development of exploration prospects in overlooked, deeper play horizons in the Illinois Basin. Available geologic data relevant for the exploration and development of petroleum reservoirs in the Illinois Basin was analyzed and assimilated into a coherent, easily accessible digital play portfolio. The primary focus of this project was on case studies of existing reservoirs in Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician strata and the application of knowledge gained to future exploration and development in these underexplored strata of the Illinois Basin. In addition, a review of published reports and exploration in the New Albany Shale Group, a Devonian black shale source rock, in Illinois was completed due to the recent increased interest in Devonian black shales across the United States. The New Albany Shale is regarded as the source rock for petroleum in Silurian and younger strata in the Illinois Basin and has potential as a petroleum reservoir. Field studies of reservoirs in Devonian strata such as the Geneva Dolomite, Dutch Creek Sandstone and Grassy knob Chert suggest that there is much additional potential for expanding these plays beyond their current limits. These studies also suggest the potential for the discovery of additional plays using stratigraphic concepts to develop a subcrop play on the subkaskaskia unconformity boundary that separates lower Devonian strata from middle Devonian strata in portions of the basin. The lateral transition from Geneva Dolomite to Dutch Creek Sandstone also offers an avenue for developing exploration strategies in middle Devonian strata. Study of lower Devonian strata in the Sesser Oil Field and the region surrounding the field shows opportunities for development of a subcrop play where lower Devonian strata unconformably overlie Silurian strata. Field studies of Silurian reservoirs along the Sangamon Arch show that opportunities exist for overlooked pays in areas where wells do not penetrate deep enough to test all reservoir intervals in Niagaran rocks. Mapping of Silurian reservoirs in the Mt. Auburn trend along the Sangamon Arch shows that porous reservoir rock grades laterally to non-reservoir facies and several reservoir intervals may be encountered in the Silurian with numerous exploration wells testing only the uppermost reservoir intervals. Mapping of the Ordovician Trenton and shallower strata at Centralia Field show that the crest of the anticline shifted through geologic time. This study illustrates that the axes of anticlines may shift with depth and shallow structure maps may not accurately predict structurally favorable reservoir locations at depth.

  12. Standardization of 241Am by digital coincidence counting, liquid scintillation counting and defined solid angle counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Balpardo; M. E. Capoulat; D. Rodrigues; P. Arenillas

    2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclide 241Am decays by alpha emission to 237Np. Most of the decays (84.6 %) populate the excited level of 237Np with energy of 59.54 keV. Digital Coincidence Counting was applied to standardize a solution of 241Am by alpha-gamma coincidence counting with efficiency extrapolation. Electronic discrimination was implemented with a pressurized proportional counter and the results were compared with two other independent techniques: Liquid Scintillation Counting using the logical sum of double coincidences in a TDCR array and Defined Solid Angle Counting taking into account activity inhomogeneity in the active deposit. The results show consistency between the three methods within a limit of a 0.3%. An ampoule of this solution will be sent to the International Reference System (SIR) during 2009. Uncertainties were analysed and compared in detail for the three applied methods.

  13. A method to define degradation mechanisms and failure rates for piping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gamble, R.M. [Sartrex Corp., Rockville, MD (United States); Gosselin, S.R. [EPRI NDE Center, Charlotte, NC (United States)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a process currently being employed to develop an easy to use procedure for identifying degradation mechanisms and computing failure rates for piping. The procedure includes guidelines to identify degradation mechanisms that may be present in piping systems. The identified mechanisms along with other system or segment specific features of the piping determine the piping failure rate. Implementation of this procedure requires a data or knowledge base that reflects the service and operational conditions that affect piping reliability and availability. This procedure is being developed for use by plant engineers, and will not require expertise in probability, stress, or fracture mechanics analyses. The method can be used to provide input for performing plant safety assessments and defining risk based inspection programs.

  14. Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P [Richland, WA; Tratz, Stephen C [Richland, WA; Gregory, Michelle L [Richland, WA; Chappell, Alan R [Seattle, WA; Whitney, Paul D [Richland, WA; Posse, Christian [Seattle, WA; Baddeley, Robert L [Richland, WA; Hohimer, Ryan E [West Richland, WA

    2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a word disambiguation method includes accessing textual content to be disambiguated, wherein the textual content comprises a plurality of words individually comprising a plurality of word senses, for an individual word of the textual content, identifying one of the word senses of the word as indicative of the meaning of the word in the textual content, for the individual word, selecting one of a plurality of event classes of a lexical database ontology using the identified word sense of the individual word, and for the individual word, associating the selected one of the event classes with the textual content to provide disambiguation of a meaning of the individual word in the textual content.

  15. Hydrogen atom in space with a compactified extra dimension and potential defined by Gauss' law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Bureš; Petr Siegl

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the consequences of one extra spatial dimension for the stability and energy spectrum of the non-relativistic hydrogen atom with a potential defined by Gauss' law, i.e. proportional to $1/|x|^2$. The additional spatial dimension is considered to be either infinite or curled-up in a circle of radius $R$. In both cases, the energy spectrum is bounded from below for charges smaller than the same critical value and unbounded from below otherwise. As a consequence of compactification, negative energy eigenstates appear: if $R$ is smaller than a quarter of the Bohr radius, the corresponding Hamiltonian possesses an infinite number of bound states with minimal energy extending at least to the ground state of the hydrogen atom.

  16. Impact Factors for Microinvasion in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: A Possible System for Defining Clinical Target Volume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bi Aihong [Department of Radiation Oncology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Zeng Zhaochong, E-mail: zeng.zhaochong@zs-hospital.sh.c [Department of Radiation Oncology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Ji Yuan; Zeng Haiying; Xu Chen [Department of Pathology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Tang Zhaoyou; Fan Jia; Zhou Jian [Liver Cancer Institute, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Zeng Mengsu [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Tan Yunshan [Department of Pathology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To quantify microscopic invasion of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC) into nontumor tissue and define the gross tumor volume (GTV)-to-clinical target volume (CTV) expansion necessary for radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: One-hundred IHC patients undergoing radical resection from January 2004 to July 2008 were enrolled in this study. Pathologic and clinical data including maximum tumor diameter, tumor boundary type, TNM stage, histologic grade, tumor markers, and liver enzymes were reviewed. The distance of microinvasion from the tumor boundary was measured by microscopy. The contraction coefficient for tumor measurements in radiographs and slide-mounted tissue was calculated. SPSS15.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Sixty-five patients (65%) exhibited tumor microinvasions. Microinvasions ranged from 0.4-8 mm, with 96% of patients having a microinvasion distance {<=}6 mm measured on slide. The radiograph-to-slide contraction coefficient was 82.1%. The degree of microinvasion was correlated with tumor boundary type, TNM stage, histologic grade, and serum levels of carbohydrate antigen 19-9, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, {gamma}-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase. To define CTV accurately, we devised a scoring system based on combination of these factors. According to this system, a score {<=}1.5 is associated with 96.1% sensitivity in detecting patients with a microextension {<=}4.9 mm in radiographs, whereas a score {>=}2 has a 95.1% sensitivity in detecting microextension {<=}7.9 mm measured on radiograph. Conclusions: Patients with a score {<=}1.5 and {>=}2 require a radiographic GTV-to-CTV expansions of 4.9 and 7.9 mm, respectively, to encompass >95% of microinvasions.

  17. CREATING A GEOLOGIC PLAY BOOK FOR TRENTON-BLACK RIVER APPALACHIAN BASIN EXPLORATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas G. Patchen; James Drahovzal; Larry Wickstrom; Taury Smith; Chris Laughery; Katharine Lee Avary

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Private- and public-sector stakeholders formed the new ''Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Exploration Consortium'' and began a two-year research effort that will lead to a play book for Trenton-Black River exploration throughout the Appalachian basin. The final membership of the Consortium includes 17 gas exploration companies and 6 research team members, including the state geological surveys in Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, the New York State Museum Institute and West Virginia University. Seven integrated research tasks are being conducted by basin-wide research teams organized from this large pool of experienced professionals. More than 3400 miles of Appalachian basin digital seismic data have been quality checked. In addition, inquiries have been made regarding the availability of additional seismic data from government and industry partners in the consortium. Interpretations of the seismic data have begun. Error checking is being performed by mapping the time to various prominent reflecting horizons, and analyzing for any anomalies. A regional geological velocity model is being created to make time-to-depth conversions. Members of the stratigraphy task team compiled a generalized, basin-wide correlation chart, began the process of scanning geophysical logs and laid out lines for 16 regional cross sections. Two preliminary cross sections were constructed, a database of all available Trenton-Black River cores was created, and a basin-wide map showing these core locations was produced. Two cores were examined, described and photographed in detail, and were correlated to the network of geophysical logs. Members of the petrology team began the process of determining the original distribution of porous and permeable facies within a sequence stratigraphic framework. A detailed sedimentologic and petrographic study of the Union Furnace road cut in central Pennsylvania was completed. This effort will facilitate the calibration of subsurface core and log data. A core-sampling plan was developed cooperatively with members of the isotope geochemistry and fluid inclusion task team. One hundred thirty (130) samples were prepared for trace element and stable isotope analysis, and six samples were submitted for strontium isotope analysis. It was learned that there is a good possibility that carbon isotope stratigraphy may be a useful tool to locate the top of the Black River Formation in state-to-state correlations. Gas samples were collected from wells in Kentucky, New York and West Virginia. These were sent to a laboratory for compositional, stable isotope and hydrogen and radiogenic helium isotope analysis. Decisions concerning necessary project hardware, software and configuration of the website and database were made by the data, GIS and website task team. A file transfer protocol server was established for project use. The project website is being upgraded in terms of security.

  18. Science as Knowledge, Practice, and Map Making: The Challenge of Defining Metrics for Evaluating and Improving DOE-Funded Basic Experimental Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industrial R&D laboratories have been surprisingly successful in developing performance objectives and metrics that convincingly show that planning, management, and improvement techniques can be value-added to the actual output of R&D organizations. In this paper, I will discuss the more difficult case of developing analogous constructs for DOE-funded non-nuclear, non-weapons basic research, or as I will refer to it - basic experimental science. Unlike most industrial R&D or the bulk of applied science performed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the purpose of basic experimental science is producing new knowledge (usually published in professional journals) that has no immediate application to the first link (the R) of a planned R&D chain. Consequently, performance objectives and metrics are far more difficult to define. My claim is that if one can successfully define metrics for evaluating and improving DOE-funded basic experimental science (which is the most difficult case), then defining such constructs for DOE-funded applied science should be much less problematic. With the publication of the DOE Standard - Implementation Guide for Quality Assurance Programs for Basic and Applied Research (DOE-ER-STD-6001-92) and the development of a conceptual framework for integrating all the DOE orders, we need to move aggressively toward the threefold next phase: (1) focusing the management elements found in DOE-ER-STD-6001-92 on the main output of national laboratories - the experimental science itself; (2) developing clearer definitions of basic experimental science as practice not just knowledge; and (3) understanding the relationship between the metrics that scientists use for evaluating the performance of DOE-funded basic experimental science, the management elements of DOE-ER-STD-6001-92, and the notion of continuous improvement.

  19. Geologic challenges and opportunities of the Cherokee group play (Pennsylvanian): Anadarko basin, Oklahoma. Topical report, January-March 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hentz, T.F.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report has four objectives: (1) to summarize both the geologic characteristics of the Cherokee Group and its production highlights; (2) to summarize what current Cherokee producing companies perceive to be the primary geologic challenges they face in developing the Cherokee play; (3) to suggest geologic strategies to help respond to these challenges; and (4) to assess the benefits to operators of geologic studies of the Cherokee. To increase the understanding and utilization of natural gas resources in the Cherokee Group of west-central Oklahoma and to help assess future geological and technological needs for efficient development of this resource, the report highlights current geological knowledge of the Cherokee play.

  20. Creating a Geologic Play Book for Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas G. Patchen; Taury Smith; Ron Riley; Mark Baranoski; David Harris; John Hickman; John Bocan; Michael Hohn

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary isopach and facies maps, combined with a literature review, were used to develop a sequence of basin geometry, architecture and facies development during Cambrian and Ordovician time. The main architectural features--basins, sub basins and platforms--were identified and mapped as their positions shifted with time. This is significant because a better understanding of the control of basin geometry and architecture on the distribution of key facies and on subsequent reservoir development in Ordovician carbonates within the Trenton and Black River is essential for future exploration planning. Good exploration potential is thought to exist along the entire platform margin, where clean grainstones were deposited in skeletal shoals from Indiana thorough Ohio and Ontario into Pennsylvania. The best reservoir facies for the development of hydrothermal dolomites appears to be these clean carbonates. This conclusion is supported by observations taken in existing fields in Indiana, Ontario, Ohio and New York. In contrast, Trenton-Black River production in Kentucky and West Virginia has been from fractured, but non-dolomitized, limestone reservoirs. Facies maps indicate that these limestones were deposited under conditions that led to a higher argillaceous content than the cleaner limestones deposited in higher-energy environments along platform margins. However, even in the broad area of argillaceous limestones, clean limestone buildups have been observed in eastern outcrops and, if present and dolomitized in the subsurface, may provide additional exploration targets. Structure and isopach maps developed as part of the structural and seismic study supported the basin architecture and geometry conclusions, and from them some structural control on the location of architectural features may be inferred. This portion of the study eventually will lead to a determination of the timing relative to fracturing, dolomitization and hydrocarbon charging of reservoirs in the Trenton and Black River carbonates. The focus of this effort will shift in the next few months from regional to more detailed structural analyses. This new effort will include topics such as the determination of the source of the hot, dolomitizing fluids that created hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in the Black River, and the probable migration paths of these fluids. Faults of suitable age, orientation and location to be relevant for hydrothermal dolomite creation in the Trenton-Black River play will be isolated and mapped, and potential fairways delineated. A detailed study of hydrothermal alteration of carbonate reservoirs was completed and is discussed at length in this report. New ideas that were developed from this research were combined with a literature review and existing concepts to develop a model for the development of hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in the study area. Fault-related hydrothermal alteration is a key component of this model. Hydrothermal alteration produces a spectrum of features in reservoirs, ranging from leached limestone and microporosity to matrix dolomite, saddle dolomite-lined breccias, zebra fabrics and fractures. Mineralization probably occurred during the pressure drop associated with the rise of fluids up the fault system, and is due to the mixing of hydrothermal fluids with cooler, in situ fluids. Once they began to cool themselves, the hydrothermal fluids, which had a lower pH and higher salinity than formation fluids, were capable of leaching the host limestones. Microporosity is common in leached limestones, and it is likely that it was formed, in some cases, during hydrothermal alteration. Dolomite leaching occurs near the end of the paragenetic sequence, and may significantly enhance porosity. However, leaching of dolomite typically is followed by the precipitation of calcite or anhydrite, which reduces porosity. A final conclusion is that hydrothermal alteration may be more common than previously thought, and some features previously attributed to other processes may be in fact be hydrothermal in origin. Production d

  1. Mesenchymal Stem Cells Retain Their Defining Stem Cell Characteristics After Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicolay, Nils H., E-mail: n.nicolay@dkfz.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Molecular and Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Sommer, Eva; Lopez, Ramon; Wirkner, Ute [Department of Molecular and Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Trinh, Thuy [Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Molecular and Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Sisombath, Sonevisay [Department of Molecular and Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany); Debus, Jürgen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg (Germany); Ho, Anthony D.; Saffrich, Rainer [Department of Hematology and Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg (Germany); Huber, Peter E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg (Germany); Department of Molecular and Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the ability to migrate to lesion sites and undergo differentiation into functional tissues. Although this function may be important for tissue regeneration after radiation therapy, the influence of ionizing radiation (IR) on cellular survival and the functional aspects of differentiation and stem cell characteristics of MSCs have remained largely unknown. Methods and Materials: Radiation sensitivity of human primary MSCs from healthy volunteers and primary human fibroblast cells was examined, and cellular morphology, cell cycle effects, apoptosis, and differentiation potential after exposure to IR were assessed. Stem cell gene expression patterns after exposure to IR were studied using gene arrays. Results: MSCs were not more radiosensitive than human primary fibroblasts, whereas there were considerable differences regarding radiation sensitivity within individual MSCs. Cellular morphology, cytoskeletal architecture, and cell motility were not markedly altered by IR. Even after high radiation doses up to 10 Gy, MSCs maintained their differentiation potential. Compared to primary fibroblast cells, MSCs did not show an increase in irradiation-induced apoptosis. Gene expression analyses revealed an upregulation of various genes involved in DNA damage response and DNA repair, but expression of established MSC surface markers appeared only marginally influenced by IR. Conclusions: These data suggest that human MSCs are not more radiosensitive than differentiated primary fibroblasts. In addition, upon photon irradiation, MSCs were able to retain their defining stem cell characteristics both on a functional level and regarding stem cell marker expression.

  2. Dispersion measurement as a method of quantifying geologic characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menzie, D.E.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this research project is to investigate dispersion as a method of quantifying geological characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity in order to enhance crude oil recovery. The dispersion of flow of a reservoir rock (dispersion coefficient and dispersivity) was identified as one of the physical properties of a reservoir rock by measuring the mixing of two miscible fluids, one displacing the other in a porous medium. A rock was 100% saturated with a resident fluid and displaced by a miscible fluid of equal viscosity and equal density. Some specific experiments were performed with unequal densities. Produced fluid was analyzed by refractometer, nuclear reaction, electrical conductivity and X-ray scan. Several physical and flow characteristics were measured on the sand rock sample in order to establish correlations with the measured dispersion property. Absolute permeability, effective porosity, relative permeability, capillary pressure, the heterogeneity factor and electrical conductivity were used to better understand the flow system. Linear, transverse, 2-D and 3-D dispersions were measured and used to characterize the rock heterogeneity of the flow system. A new system of measuring dispersion was developed using a gas displacing gas system in a porous medium. An attempt was also made to determine the dispersion property of an actual reservoir from present day well log data on a producing well. 275 refs., 102 figs., 17 tabs.

  3. Assembly and Characterization of Well Defined High Molecular Weight Poly(p-phenylene) Polymer Brushes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonzo Calderon, Jose E [ORNL; Kilbey, II, S Michael [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Britt, Phillip F [ORNL; Chen, Jihua [ORNL; Dadmun, Mark D [ORNL; Deng, Suxiang [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby [ORNL; Swader, Onome A [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL; Bredas, Jean-Luc E [ORNL; Malagoli, Massimo [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The assembly and characterization of well-defined, end-tethered poly(p-phenylene) (PPP) brushes having high molecular weight, low polydispersity and high 1,4-stereoregularity are presented. The PPP brushes are formed using a precursor route that relies on either self-assembly or spin coating of high molecular weight (degrees of polymerizations 54, 146, and 238) end-functionalized poly(1,3-cyclohexadiene) (PCHD) chains from benzene solutions onto silicon or quartz substrates, followed by aromatization of the end-attached PCHD chains on the surface. The approach allows the thickness (grafting density) of the brushes to be easily varied. The dry brushes before and after aromatization are characterized by ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, grazing angle attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The properties of the PPP brushes are compared with those of films made using oligo-paraphenylenes and with ab initio density functional theory simulations of optical properties. Our results suggest conversion to fully aromatized, end-tethered PPP polymer brushes having effective conjugation lengths of 5 phenyl units.

  4. Correlation of Theory and Function in Well-Defined Bimetallic Electrocatalysts - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crooks, Richard M.

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research proposal was to correlate the structure of nanoparticles that are comprised of ~100-200 atoms to their electrocatalytic function. This objective was based on the growing body of evidence suggesting that catalytic properties can be tailored through controlled synthesis of nanoparticles. What has been missing from many of these studies, and what we are contributing, is a model catalyst that is sufficiently small, structurally well-defined, and well-characterized that its function can be directly predicted by theory. Specifically, our work seeks to develop a fundamental and detailed understanding of the relationship between the structure of nanoscopic oxygen-reduction catalysts and their function. We assembled a team with expertise in theory, synthesis, and advanced characterization methods to address the primary objective of this project. We anticipated the outcomes of the study to be: (1) a better theoretical understanding of how nanoparticle structure affects catalytic properties; (2) the development of advanced, in-situ and ex-situ, atomic-scale characterization methods that are appropriate for particles containing about 100 atoms; and (3) improved synthetic methods that produce unique nanoparticle structures that can be used to test theoretical predictions. During the project period, we have made excellent progress on all three fronts.

  5. Site-Wide Integrated Water Monitoring - Defining and Implementing Sampling Objectives to Support Site Closure - 13060

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilborn, Bill; Knapp, Kathryn [U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (United States); Farnham, Irene; Marutzky, Sam [Navarro-Intera (United States)] [Navarro-Intera (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Underground Test Area (UGTA) activity is responsible for assessing and evaluating the effects of the underground nuclear weapons tests on groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and implementing a corrective action closure strategy. The UGTA strategy is based on a combination of characterization, modeling studies, monitoring, and institutional controls (i.e., monitored natural attenuation). The closure strategy verifies through appropriate monitoring activities that contaminants of concern do not exceed the SDWA at the regulatory boundary and that adequate institutional controls are established and administered to ensure protection of the public. Other programs conducted at the NNSS supporting the environmental mission include the Routine Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program (RREMP), Waste Management, and the Infrastructure Program. Given the current programmatic and operational demands for various water-monitoring activities at the same locations, and the ever-increasing resource challenges, cooperative and collaborative approaches to conducting the work are necessary. For this reason, an integrated sampling plan is being developed by the UGTA activity to define sampling and analysis objectives, reduce duplication, eliminate unnecessary activities, and minimize costs. The sampling plan will ensure the right data sets are developed to support closure and efficient transition to long-term monitoring. The plan will include an integrated reporting mechanism for communicating results and integrating process improvements within the UGTA activity as well as between other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Programs. (authors)

  6. Site-Wide Integrated Water Monitoring -- Defining and Implementing Sampling Objectives to Support Site Closure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilborn, Bill [NNSA/NFO, Nevada Site Office (United States); Farnham, Irene [Navarro-Interra LLC, Las Vegas (United States); Marutzky, Sam [Navarro-Interra LLC, Las Vegas (United States); Knapp, Kathryn [NNSA/NFO, Nevada Site Office (United States)

    2013-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Underground Test Area (UGTA) activity is responsible for assessing and evaluating the effects of the underground nuclear weapons tests on groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and implementing a corrective action closure strategy. The UGTA strategy is based on a combination of characterization, modeling studies, monitoring, and institutional controls (i.e., monitored natural attenuation). The closure strategy verifies through appropriate monitoring activities that contaminants of concern do not exceed the SDWA at the regulatory boundary and that adequate institutional controls are established and administered to ensure protection of the public. Other programs conducted at the NNSS supporting the environmental mission include the Routine Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program (RREMP), Waste Management, and the Infrastructure Program. Given the current programmatic and operational demands for various water-monitoring activities at the same locations, and the ever-increasing resource challenges, cooperative and collaborative approaches to conducting the work are necessary. For this reason, an integrated sampling plan is being developed by the UGTA activity to define sampling and analysis objectives, reduce duplication, eliminate unnecessary activities, and minimize costs. The sampling plan will ensure the right data sets are developed to support closure and efficient transition to long-term monitoring. The plan will include an integrated reporting mechanism for communicating results and integrating process improvements within the UGTA activity as well as between other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Programs.

  7. Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise in Radiation Oncology Plug and Play-The Future of Radiation Oncology?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdel-Wahab, May, E-mail: mwahab@med.miami.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida (United States); Rengan, Ramesh [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Curran, Bruce [Department of Radiation Oncology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, City, Rhode Island (United States); Swerdloff, Stuart [Elekta, Sunnyvale, California (United States); Miettinen, Mika [Varian Systems, Palo Alto, California (United States); Field, Colin [Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Ranjitkar, Sunita [American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, Fairfax, Virginia (United States); Palta, Jatinder [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (United States); Tripuraneni, Prabhakar [Department of Radiation Oncology, Scripps Institute, La Jolla, California (United States)

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To describe the processes and benefits of the integrating healthcare enterprises in radiation oncology (IHE-RO). Methods: The IHE-RO process includes five basic steps. The first step is to identify common interoperability issues encountered in radiation treatment planning and the delivery process. IHE-RO committees partner with vendors to develop solutions (integration profiles) to interoperability problems. The broad application of these integration profiles across a variety of vender platforms is tested annually at the Connectathon event. Demonstration of the seamless integration and transfer of patient data to the potential users are then presented by vendors at the public demonstration event. Users can then integrate these profiles into requests for proposals and vendor contracts by institutions. Results: Incorporation of completed integration profiles into requests for proposals can be done when purchasing new equipment. Vendors can publish IHE integration statements to document the integration profiles supported by their products. As a result, users can reference integration profiles in requests for proposals, simplifying the systems acquisition process. These IHE-RO solutions are now available in many of the commercial radiation oncology-related treatment planning, delivery, and information systems. They are also implemented at cancer care sites around the world. Conclusions: IHE-RO serves an important purpose for the radiation oncology community at large.

  8. Wave and quantum properties of peptide strings: defining a helix in spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Razvan Tudor Radulescu

    2009-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies have described the concept of peptide strings in qualitative terms and illustrated it by applying its corrolaries in order to elucidate basic questions in oncology and rheumatology. The present investigation is the first to quantify these potential sub- and transcellular phenomena. Accordingly, the propagation of peptide strings is proposed here to occur by way of waves that in turn are subject to the energy equation established by Planck. As a result of these insights, widespread future applications can now be envisaged for peptide strings both in molecular medicine and quantum optics.

  9. REQUEST TO LIFT RESTRICTION OF DIRECTORY INFORMATION Directory information is defined as that information which would not generally be considered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    REQUEST TO LIFT RESTRICTION OF DIRECTORY INFORMATION Directory information is defined State University recognizes the following information as directory information. This information may University, preventing release of the directory information listed below to anyone other than University

  10. THE EFFICACY OF AN EMOTIONAL ROLE-PLAY INTERVENTION VERSUS A PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACH ON STRESS LEVELS AND AFFECT EXPERIENCED BY COLLEGE FRESHMAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirridge, Kathryn McLean

    2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    -play intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to a role-play intervention, problem-solving intervention, or control group condition. Perceived stress, positive affect, and negative affect were measured before and after the intervention and two weeks...

  11. Z-Pinch Fusion for Energy Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SPIELMAN,RICK B.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Z pinches, the oldest fusion concept, have recently been revisited in light of significant advances in the fields of plasma physics and pulsed power engineering. The possibility exists for z-pinch fusion to play a role in commercial energy applications. We report on work to develop z-pinch fusion concepts, the result of an extensive literature search, and the output for a congressionally-mandated workshop on fusion energy held in Snowmass, Co July 11-23,1999.

  12. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE SOUTH AFRICAN YOUNG ACADEMY OF SCIENCE (SAYAS) In tracing the development and establishment of the Global Young Academy (GYA) and South African Young Academy of Science (SAYAS), it is necessary to sketch

  13. Student Services Satisfaction Project The Student Association (SA) plays a critical role in the University's system of shared governance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Student Services Satisfaction Project The Student Association (SA) plays a critical role in the University's system of shared governance. The Student Association operates as the voice of the student body branch (Supreme Court). The Student Association was founded in 1968 to promote the welfare of students

  14. Student Leadership Celebration Do you know a student who is an effective leader? Who plays an important role in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Student Leadership Celebration Do you know a student who is an effective leader? Who plays an important role in student clubs and organizations? Who is actively involved in Faculty or University? The Student Leadership Awards are designed to acknowledge and celebrate the accomplishments of student leaders

  15. Plug-and-Play Control and Optimization in Microgrids Florian Dorfler, John W. Simpson-Porco, and Francesco Bullo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullo, Francesco

    Plug-and-Play Control and Optimization in Microgrids Florian D¨orfler, John W. Simpson results and detailed discussions is available at [1]. F. D¨orfler is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Univer- sity of California Los Angeles. Email: dorfler@seas.ucla.edu. J. W. Simpson-Porco and F

  16. Foundations and companies have a critical role to play in the decade remaining to achieve the Millennium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    p 20 Foundations and companies have a critical role to play in the decade remaining to achieve development assistance) and 0.3 per cent from private sources, including individual philanthropists, companies for companies and foundations to contribute to the fight against poverty. Poor countries need agricultural

  17. The conserved carboxy-terminal region of the ammonia channel AmtB plays a critical role in channel function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merrick, Mike

    The conserved carboxy-terminal region of the ammonia channel AmtB plays a critical role in channel-terminal residues can have very marked effects. Using the Escherichia coli AmtB protein as a model system for Amt that are best explained in terms of two distinct effects of the C-terminal region on AmtB activity. Residues

  18. CHAPTER 7. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT We examine in this chapter the role played by atmospheric gases in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    113 CHAPTER 7. THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT We examine in this chapter the role played by atmospheric of the surface known as the greenhouse effect. As we will see, trapping of terrestrial radiation by naturally accumulated in the atmosphere over the past decades and added to the greenhouse effect (Figure 7-1). Figure 7

  19. Buzzing to Play: Lessons Learned From an In the Wild Study of Real-time Vibrotactile Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hundreds of hours to learn, such as learning to play a musical instrument, skiing or swimming. However an instrumental role in enhancing learning. Author Keywords In the Wild Study, Children, Sensory-motor Learning position. It can also be used to lightly `touch' someone on their arm, leg wrist, etc., rewarding them

  20. Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a courtroom to see in the business world, whether you're managing a personal business or working with corporate counsel. While the business law minor is not designed to make you a lawyer, it will help you recognize legal issues

  1. PANEL DISCUSSION: Barriers to Fuel Management One of the traditional roles that prescribed fire has played in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    must complement protection needs and provide a smooth transition to sustained ecosystem managementPANEL DISCUSSION: Barriers to Fuel Management One of the traditional roles that prescribed fire has played in the fire management arena is reduction of hazardous fuel buildups under controlled, well

  2. Measuring solar reflectance Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul

    2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective 'cool colored' surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland U.S. latitudes, this metric RE891BN can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope {le} 5:12 [23{sup o}]) by as much as 89 W m{sup -2}, and underestimate its peak surface temperature by up to 5 K. Using R{sub E891BN} to characterize roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool-roof net energy savings by as much as 23%. We define clear-sky air mass one global horizontal ('AM1GH') solar reflectance R{sub g,0}, a simple and easily measured property that more accurately predicts solar heat gain. R{sub g,0} predicts the annual peak solar heat gain of a roof or pavement to within 2 W m{sup -2}, and overestimates N by no more than 3%. R{sub g,0} is well suited to rating the solar reflectances of roofs, pavements and walls. We show in Part II that R{sub g,0} can be easily and accurately measured with a pyranometer, a solar spectrophotometer or version 6 of the Solar Spectrum Reflectometer.

  3. Solid State Marx Modulators for Emerging Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC

    2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging linear accelerator applications increasingly push the boundaries of RF system performance and economics. The power modulator is an integral part of RF systems whose characteristics play a key role in the determining parameters such as efficiency, footprint, cost, stability, and availability. Particularly within the past decade, solid-state switch based modulators have become the standard in high-performance, high power modulators. One topology, the Marx modulator, has characteristics which make it particularly attractive for several emerging applications. This paper is an overview of the Marx topology, some recent developments, and a case study of how this architecture can be applied to a few proposed linear accelerators.

  4. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM APPROACH FOR PLAY PORTFOLIOS TO IMPROVE OIL PRODUCTION IN THE ILLINOIS BASIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beverly Seyler; John Grube

    2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil and gas have been commercially produced in Illinois for over 100 years. Existing commercial production is from more than fifty-two named pay horizons in Paleozoic rocks ranging in age from Middle Ordovician to Pennsylvanian. Over 3.2 billion barrels of oil have been produced. Recent calculations indicate that remaining mobile resources in the Illinois Basin may be on the order of several billion barrels. Thus, large quantities of oil, potentially recoverable using current technology, remain in Illinois oil fields despite a century of development. Many opportunities for increased production may have been missed due to complex development histories, multiple stacked pays, and commingled production which makes thorough exploitation of pays and the application of secondary or improved/enhanced recovery strategies difficult. Access to data, and the techniques required to evaluate and manage large amounts of diverse data are major barriers to increased production of critical reserves in the Illinois Basin. These constraints are being alleviated by the development of a database access system using a Geographic Information System (GIS) approach for evaluation and identification of underdeveloped pays. The Illinois State Geological Survey has developed a methodology that is being used by industry to identify underdeveloped areas (UDAs) in and around petroleum reservoirs in Illinois using a GIS approach. This project utilizes a statewide oil and gas Oracle{reg_sign} database to develop a series of Oil and Gas Base Maps with well location symbols that are color-coded by producing horizon. Producing horizons are displayed as layers and can be selected as separate or combined layers that can be turned on and off. Map views can be customized to serve individual needs and page size maps can be printed. A core analysis database with over 168,000 entries has been compiled and assimilated into the ISGS Enterprise Oracle database. Maps of wells with core data have been generated. Data from over 1,700 Illinois waterflood units and waterflood areas have been entered into an Access{reg_sign} database. The waterflood area data has also been assimilated into the ISGS Oracle database for mapping and dissemination on the ArcIMS website. Formation depths for the Beech Creek Limestone, Ste. Genevieve Limestone and New Albany Shale in all of the oil producing region of Illinois have been calculated and entered into a digital database. Digital contoured structure maps have been constructed, edited and added to the ILoil website as map layers. This technology/methodology addresses the long-standing constraints related to information access and data management in Illinois by significantly simplifying the laborious process that industry presently must use to identify underdeveloped pay zones in Illinois.

  5. LOUISIANA RESIDENCE REGULATIONS A resident student for tuition purposes is defined as one who has abandoned all prior domiciles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . ALIEN RESIDENT Alien Resident applicants must provide a Xerox copy of both sides of their alien resident

  6. Towards a Product Oriented Process Modelling for Enterprise Applications Synchronisation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (informational view). This paper presents the "Holon" modelling concept as a means for the synchronisation of both physical view and informational views. Then, we show how the concept of holon can play a major, fabrication, manufacturing, marketing and mer- chandising, use...). In this paper, we define a holon

  7. Iris: The VAO SED Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doe, Stephen; Busko, Ivo; D'Abrusco, Raffaele; Cresitello-Dittmar, Mark; Ebert, Richard; Evans, Janet; Laurino, Omar; McDowell, Jonathan; Pevunova, Olga; Refsdal, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Iris, the VAO (Virtual Astronomical Observatory) application for analyzing SEDs (spectral energy distributions). Iris is the result of one of the major science initiatives of the VAO, and the first version was released in September 2011. Iris combines key features of several existing software applications to streamline and enhance SED analysis. With Iris, users may read and display SEDs, select data ranges for analysis, fit models to SEDs, and calculate confidence limits on best-fit parameters. SED data may be uploaded into the application from IVOA-compliant VOTable and FITS format files, or retrieved directly from NED. Data written in unsupported formats may be converted using SedImporter, a new application provided with Iris. The components of Iris have been contributed by members of the VAO. Specview, contributed by STScI, provides a GUI for reading, editing, and displaying SEDs, as well as defining models and parameter values. Sherpa, contributed by the Chandra project at SAO, provides a libra...

  8. Defining the Effectiveness of UV Lamps Installed in Circulating Air Ductwork

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas VanOsdell; Karin Foarde

    2002-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Germicidal ultraviolet (UVGI) lamps have a long history of use for inactivating microbial aerosols. Most reports have focused on the control of infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB), in the occupied spaces of medical facilities. Ventilation duct use of UVGI has been increasing. In-duct applications are generally more concerned with controlling environmental organisms than with controlling infections agents. This document reports the results of a project to investigate the ability of UVGI lamps to inactivate representative environmental microbial aerosols in ventilation ducts. During this research, UVGI lamps were experimentally demonstrated to inactivate bioaerosols composed of vegetative bacteria, bacteria spores, or fungal spores to a reproducible degree under conditions of fixed dose. Vegetative bacteria were most susceptible to UVGI, with bacteria and fungal spores being substantially more resistant. The performance equation commonly cited in the literature for UVGI inactivation was found to generally apply, provided its parameters were known. Revision of final report DOE/OR22674/610-40030-01. Revised table 5 on page 33.

  9. Performing the Passion of Christ in Postmodernity: American Passion/passion Plays as Ritual and Postmodern Theatre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Seokhun

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies Department for stimulating my theological interest with his invaluable resources. The dissertation would not have been possible without the kindness of Sam Ray, the Executive Director of The New Great Passion Play, Travis Tyre, the Director...: they were the ends themselves, they were what the state was for. Court ceremonialism was the driving force of court politics; and mass ritual was not a device to shore up the state, but rather the state, even in its final gasp, was a device...

  10. Application Acceleration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication Acceleration on Current and Future Cray

  11. How has grief tourism re-defined the social and judicial progress of the Madres de Plaza de Mayo?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonner, Sarah Louise

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    HOW HAS GRIEF TOURISM RE-DEFINED THE SOCIAL AND JUDICIAL PROGRESS OF THE MADRES DE PLAZA DE MAYO? A Thesis by SARAH LOUISE TONNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 2008 Major Subject: Comparative Literature and Culture HOW HAS GRIEF TOURISM RE-DEFINED THE SOCIAL AND JUDICIAL PROGRESS OF THE MADRES DE PLAZA DE MAYO? A Thesis by SARAH LOUISE TONNER...

  12. Defining and Modeling Known Adverse Outcome Pathways: Domoic Acid and Neuronal Signaling as a Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watanabe, Karen H.; Andersen, Melvin E.; Basu, Nil; Carvan, Michael J.; Crofton, Kevin M.; King, Kerensa A.; Sunol, Cristina; Tiffany-Castiglioni, Evelyn; Schultz, Irvin R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An adverse outcome pathway (AOP) is a sequence of key events from a molecular-level initiating event and an ensuing cascade of steps to an adverse outcome with population level significance. To implement a predictive strategy for ecotoxicology, the multiscale nature of an AOP requires computational models to link salient processes (e.g., in chemical uptake, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and population dynamics). A case study with domoic acid was used to demonstrate strategies and enable generic recommendations for developing computational models in an effort to move toward a toxicity testing paradigm focused on toxicity pathway perturbations applicable to ecological risk assessment. Domoic acid, an algal toxin with adverse effects on both wildlife and humans, is a potent agonist for kainate receptors (ionotropic glutamate receptors whose activation leads to the influx of Na+ and Ca2+). Increased Ca2+ concentrations result in neuronal excitotoxicity and cell death primarily in the hippocampus, which produces seizures, impairs learning and memory, and alters behavior in some species. Altered neuronal Ca2+ is a key process in domoic acid toxicity which can be evaluated in vitro. Further, results of these assays would be amenable to mechanistic modeling for identifying domoic acid concentrations and Ca2+ perturbations that are normal, adaptive, or clearly toxic. In vitro assays with outputs amenable to measurement in exposed populations can link in vitro to in vivo conditions, and toxicokinetic information will aid in linking in vitro results to the individual organism. Development of an AOP required an iterative process with three important outcomes: (1) a critically reviewed, stressor-specific AOP; (2) identification of key processes suitable for evaluation with in vitro assays; and (3) strategies for model development.

  13. Statistical shape-and-texture appearance models use image morphing to define a rich, compact representation of object appearance. They are useful in a variety of applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    -Neighbors of Example 3 12.69 6.599.29 11.41 11.9616.78 17.30 17.5016.12 20.36 14.0919.66 Input AAM GMM NPM Shape Subject5 10.9932.42 16.11 28.42 7.2010.31 12.84 6.6310.82 Input AAM GMM NPM Shape Subject1 19.9822.64 17.08 38.85 23.6953.07 35.02 25.8058.70 Input AAM GMM NPM Shape Subject2 12.62 9.9214.78 12.54 11

  14. Allocating application to group of consecutive processors in fault-tolerant deadlock-free routing path defined by routers obeying same rules for path selection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Vitus J. (Albuquerque, NM); Phillips, Cynthia A. (Albuquerque, NM); Bender, Michael A. (East Northport, NY); Bunde, David P. (Urbana, IL)

    2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In a multiple processor computing apparatus, directional routing restrictions and a logical channel construct permit fault tolerant, deadlock-free routing. Processor allocation can be performed by creating a linear ordering of the processors based on routing rules used for routing communications between the processors. The linear ordering can assume a loop configuration, and bin-packing is applied to this loop configuration. The interconnection of the processors can be conceptualized as a generally rectangular 3-dimensional grid, and the MC allocation algorithm is applied with respect to the 3-dimensional grid.

  15. Online Appendix A: Supplementary methods for model construction We begin by defining pij as an indicator variable taking the value one if founder i in patch j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rankin, Daniel

    1 Online Appendix A: Supplementary methods for model construction We begin by defining pij). Therefore we define pj t as Npp i ijj / tt = which denotes the average frequency of the plasmid, after

  16. A review of "Defining the Jacobean Church: the Politics of Religious Controversy, 1603-1625." by Charles W.A. Prior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parry, Graham

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REVIEWS 151 Charles W.A. Prior. Defining the Jacobean Church: the Politics of Religious Controversy, 1603-1625. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. xiv + 294 pp. $85.00. Review by GRAHAM PARRY, UNIVERSITY OF YORK. Defining the Jacobean...

  17. NON-UNIVERSITY FUNDING A non-University funding request is defined as any funds requested from an organization, business,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    NON-UNIVERSITY FUNDING A non-University funding request is defined as any funds requested from@clemson.edu. Procedures 1. Recognized student organizations seeking non-university funding of more than $1 reflects the proper funds. All University and state spending guidelines must be followed. The Annual Giving

  18. Chapter 3 -Energy Control Program The purpose of the OSU energy control program is to clearly define procedures for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , chemical, gravitational, and thermal need to be considered. 1. Lockout/Tagout Procedures The primary method of control of hazardous energy is utilization of lockout/tagout procedures. Supervisors are responsible for identifying equipment having the characteristics defined above and for providing instruction in the lockout

  19. Summary We compared radiation-use efficiency of growth (), defined as rate of biomass accumulation per unit of ab-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    and ocean ecosystems. Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR, 400­700 nm) ab- sorbed by plant canopies canSummary We compared radiation-use efficiency of growth (), defined as rate of biomass accumulation per unit of ab- sorbed photosynthetically active radiation, of forest plots ex- posed to ambient (~360

  20. Abstract--Reconfigurable Radio Systems (RRS), based on Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Mobile Ad-hoc Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract--Reconfigurable Radio Systems (RRS), based on Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Mobile Ad-hoc by the proposed scheme, while keeping the important false positive rate at a very low level. Keywords--Mobile ad-hoc (SDR), Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) and Cognitive Radio (CR). Research on these technologies has

  1. Fast Recovery in Software-Defined Networks Niels L. M. van Adrichem, Benjamin J. van Asten and Fernando A. Kuipers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuipers, Fernando A.

    primary and secondary paths com- puted by an OpenFlow controller. Our implementation reduces the recoveryFast Recovery in Software-Defined Networks Niels L. M. van Adrichem, Benjamin J. van Asten shortest paths may result in an unacceptably long recovery time. In this paper, we demonstrate that current

  2. DEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein, Marilyn Brown, Richard Brown,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    savings in terms of avoided power plants, because it is easier for people to visualize a power plant than, energy efficiency, energy policy, climate change solutions, coal-fired power plants, back the characteristics of such power plants. In this article we define parameters for a standard avoided power plant

  3. DEPARTMENT =170301 Mathematics Degrees Conferred (Fall + Spring + Summer) Defined Units 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEPARTMENT =170301 Mathematics Degrees Conferred (Fall + Spring + Summer) Defined Units 2005-06 =170601 Physics Degrees Conferred (Fall + Spring + Summer) Defined Units 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008 (Fall + Spring + Summer) Defined Units 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 01 Bachelors Degrees N 84

  4. SUMOylation in cell death: SUMO E3 ligase PIAS1 plays a critical role in determining cell survival following UV stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudharsan, Raghavi

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    SUMO modification of proteins plays an important role in many cellular processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, stress response, transcriptional regulation, signal transduction, cell cycle regulation, differentiation ...

  5. Critical play : alien contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Jaekyung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I argue that the necessity of emancipating the Situationist International (SI) from the historical notion of it as the last movement of the avant-garde in order to take over the spirit of the SI. I claim that necessity of ...

  6. Hookman : a new play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Lauren Denise

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    us. Confidentially…) CHLOE I die, too. Of food poisoning!FOOD POISONING. I know, right?! (CHLOE laughs, looks around.

  7. Visibility in Discrete Geometry: an application to discrete geodesic paths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Visibility in Discrete Geometry: an application to discrete geodesic paths David Coeurjolly that are visible from a source pixel. Based on these definitions, we define discrete geodesic paths in dis- crete domain with obstacles. This allows us to introduce a new geodesic metric in discrete geometry

  8. A new formulation of differential radiosity and a rendering application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A new formulation of differential radiosity and a rendering application D. Arquès V. Biri O. The gradient of this solution have been studied but not often used in a context of pure rendering. We present in this article a method to render a surface using the radiosity contour levels. First, we define a differential

  9. CANDEL: Product Line Based Dynamic Context Management for Pervasive Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaodong

    , it is essential for computing applications to be context-aware. However, one of the major challenges the context as a dynamic product line composed of context primitives (CPs). Frame based software product line techniques are used together with OWL ontology to define CPs and to dynamically generate the current context

  10. Streamlining the Title V application process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, P. [Dames and Moore, Rolling Meadows, IL (United States); DeCesar, R. [Dames and Moore, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Companies in some US states face 1997 deadlines to apply for permits required by Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Consultants assisting in the preparation of these applications for a variety of facilities have gleaned numerous cost-effective, time-saving approaches for performing the task. Some of the lessons that have been learned are given. Title V applications are often prepared by teams composed of members of a facility`s corporate environmental staff, plant environment staff, plant production staff and an outside consultant. Understanding the role of each team member and delineating lines of communication are keys to working efficiently. Because the focus is on demonstrating existing and future compliance, applicants should define at the outset which regulatory requirements apply to each emissions unit.

  11. Dorsal eye selector pannier (pnr) suppresses the eye fate to define dorsal margin of the Drosophila eye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kango-Singh, Madhuri

    Ã?Ã? Ã? Ã?Ã?Ã? Ã? Ã?Ã? Dorsal eye selector pannier (pnr) suppresses the eye fate to define dorsal margin of the Drosophila eye Sarah M. Oros, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh PII: S0012-1606(10)00975-9 DOI: Oros, Sarah M., Tare, Meghana, Kango-Singh, Madhuri, Singh, Amit, Dorsal eye selector pannier (pnr

  12. 1 Dorsal eye selector pannier (pnr) suppresses the eye fate to define dorsal margin of 2 the Drosophila eye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Amit

    1 Dorsal eye selector pannier (pnr) suppresses the eye fate to define dorsal margin of 2 the Drosophila eye 3 Sarah M. Oros a,b,1 , Meghana Tare b,1 , Madhuri Kango-Singh a,b,c , Amit Singh a,b,c, 4 xxxx 141516 17 Keywords: 18 Drosophila eye 19 Dorso-ventral eye patterning 20 Pannier 21 GATA-1 22

  13. Does Water Play a Structural Role in the Folding of Small Nucleic Acids? Eric J. Sorin,* Young Min Rhee,* and Vijay S. Pande*yz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    Does Water Play a Structural Role in the Folding of Small Nucleic Acids? Eric J. Sorin,* Young Min Rhee,* and Vijay S. Pande*yz Departments of *Chemistry and y Structural Biology, and z Stanford character of the solvent. Here we consider what role the discrete properties of water and ions play

  14. Nanoparticle modifications of photodefined nanostructures for energy applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polsky, Ronen; Xiao, Xiaoyin; Burckel, David Bruce; Brozik, Susan Marie; Washburn, Cody M.; Wheeler, David Roger

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advancement of materials technology towards the development of novel 3D nanostructures for energy applications has been a long-standing challenge. The purpose of this project was to explore photolithographically defineable pyrolyzed photoresist carbon films for possible energy applications. The key attributes that we explored were as follows: (1) Photo-interferometric fabrication methods to produce highly porous (meso, micro, and nano) 3-D electrode structures, and (2) conducting polymer and nanoparticle-modification strategies on these structures to provide enhanced catalytic capabilities and increase conductivity. The resulting electrodes were then explored for specific applications towards possible use in battery and energy platforms.

  15. Introduction to applications and industries for Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walraven, Jeremy Allen

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) have gained acceptance as viable products for many commercial and government applications. MEMS are currently being used as displays for digital projection systems, sensors for airbag deployment systems, inkjet print head systems, and optical routers. This paper will discuss current and future MEMS applications. What are MEMS? MEMS are typically defined as microscopic devices designed, processed, and used to interact or produce changes within a local environment. A mechanical, electrical, or chemical stimulus can be used to create a mechanical, electrical, or chemical response in a local environment. These smaller, more sophisticated devices that think, act, sense, and communicate are replacing their bulk counterparts in many traditional applications.

  16. IB Peer Advisor Application Dear Applicant,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    IB Peer Advisor Application 2014-2015 Dear Applicant, Thank you for your interest in being an IB Peer Advisor for the 2014-15 academic year. These positions provide valuable opportunities for students all of the components of the peer advisor position before applying, · a one page application form

  17. Queen's researchers play part in laser breakthrough A new approach that will pave the way for a range of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxton, Anthony T.

    for a range of scientific, medical and technological applications to harness the potential from areas, For example, there is potential for future use in cancer therapy," commented Professor Ciaran achieved employing conventional, larger-scale accelerators. By using short, intense electric fields

  18. Application Process and Eligibility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Program Application Process and Eligibility Application Process and Eligibility Both US and non-US citizens are eligible to apply, but US citizenship may be required for some...

  19. SAGE Application Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application Process SAGE Application Process A National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program Contacts Institute Director Harald Dogliani-Los Alamos...

  20. Defining and measuring habit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Jeffrey M.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . To identify habits, previous research has relied upon measures of past behavior frequency. These studies have been unable to differentiate between habits and frequently performed behavior that is thoughtful and deliberate. Thoughtful initiation and performance...

  1. Definability in Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J. BenDaniel

    2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper has been withdrawn because the content has been substantially improved in a later paper, arXiv:0806.1165.

  2. Defining Forage Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muir, James; Lambert, Barry; Newman, Yoana

    2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    are at its highest), stem growth develops as well as deposition of fibrous components at the plant cell level. With advancing maturity, one of the main chemi- cals deposited internally in the plant cell walls is lig- nin. Lignin is a component of fiber... older than 35-40 days. Table 1 shows a sharp decline in digestibility and crude protein of Coastal bermudagrass after week 5 (35 days). As the forage ages, digestibility and pro- tein drop and fiber (ADF, lignin) increases. Another major factor...

  3. Defining engine efficiency limits

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    waste energy in the exhaust where it may be recovered through a bottoming cycle, turbo-compounding, thermo-electrics, etc Brake Work Combustion Irreversibility Q o Remaining...

  4. Software Defined Networking for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus Tom Fletcher,Future | Department of How DoMitchSoftlySoftware

  5. Report on R&D Projects Access, describing procedures for identifying, defining and launching of collaborative R&D projects: Milestone MS16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garvey, T.; Launé, B.; Lilje, L.; Napoly, O.; Obradors, D.; Omet, C.; Pierini, P.; Skoczen, B.; Bocian, D.; Schulte, D.; Smith, S.; Ziemann, V.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report on R&D Projects Access, describing procedures for identifying, defining and launching of collaborative R&D projects: Milestone MS16

  6. Student Dept.Thesis Title Anderson, Stuart PHI Defining and Regulating Nw Forms of Property: An Essay on Issues Raised by Terms of Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    PAC 2009 Student Dept.Thesis Title Anderson, Stuart PHI Defining and Regulating Nw Forms Models for Locust Swarming Involving Informed Individuals Tang, Matthew ELE Improving Blind Equalization

  7. Mechanical design of PlayLamp : a minimally intrusive device for recording the behavior of children at-risk of developmental disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steger, Stephen Andrew

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis paper documents the design process, decisions, and outcomes of the design of the physical form factor of PlayLamp, a device for video and audio recording the development of children at-risk of having developmental ...

  8. Evaluation of Analytical and Numerical Techniques for Defining the Radius of Influence for an Open-Loop Ground Source Heat Pump System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freedman, Vicky L.; Mackley, Rob D.; Waichler, Scott R.; Horner, Jacob A.

    2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In an open-loop groundwater heat pump (GHP) system, groundwater is extracted, run through a heat exchanger, and injected back into the ground, resulting in no mass balance changes to the flow system. Although the groundwater use is non-consumptive, the withdrawal and injection of groundwater may cause negative hydraulic and thermal impacts to the flow system. Because GHP is a relatively new technology and regulatory guidelines for determining environmental impacts for GHPs may not exist, consumptive use metrics may need to be used for permit applications. For consumptive use permits, a radius of influence is often used, which is defined as the radius beyond which hydraulic impacts to the system are considered negligible. In this paper, the hydraulic radius of influence concept was examined using analytical and numerical methods for a non-consumptive GHP system in southeastern Washington State. At this location, the primary hydraulic concerns were impacts to nearby contaminant plumes and a water supply well field. The results of this study showed that the analytical techniques with idealized radial flow were generally unsuited because they over predicted the influence of the well system. The numerical techniques yielded more reasonable results because they could account for aquifer heterogeneities and flow boundaries. In particular, the use of a capture zone analysis was identified as the best method for determining potential changes in current contaminant plume trajectories. The capture zone analysis is a more quantitative and reliable tool for determining the radius of influence with a greater accuracy and better insight for a non-consumptive GHP assessment.

  9. TheoreticalandalgorithmicapproachestoaddresskeyissuesinSensornetworks,Adhocwirelessnetworks, and Peer-to-peer networks (simply called SAP networks) have played a central role in the development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    and middleware support; power control systems and energy efficient design; applications; and performance

  10. Could gauge gravitational degrees of freedom play the role of environment in "extended phase space" version of quantum geometrodynamics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. P. Shestakova

    2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of the recently proposed formulation of quantum geometrodynamics in extended phase space we discuss the problem how the behavior of the Universe, initially managed by quantum laws, has become classical. In this version of quantum geometrodynamics we quantize gauge gravitational degrees of freedom on an equal basis with physical degrees of freedom. As a consequence of this approach, a wave function of the Universe depends not only on physical fields but also on gauge degrees of freedom. From this viewpoint, one should regard the physical Universe as a subsystem whose properties are formed in interaction with the subsystem of gauge degrees of freedom. We argue that the subsystem of gauge degrees of freedom may play the role of environment, which, being taken into account, causes the density matrix to be diagonal. We show that under physically reasonable fixing of gauge condition the density matrix describing the physical subsystem of the Universe may have a Gaussian peak in some variable, but it could take the Gaussian form only within a spacetime region where a certain gauge condition is imposed. If spacetime manifold consists of regions covered by different coordinate charts the Universe cannot behave in a classical manner nearby borders of these regions. Moreover, in this case the Universe could not stay in the same quantum state, but its state would change in some irreversible way.

  11. Revised DRAFT 2-7-05 Defining and Identifying Undergraduate Excellence at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of learning outcomes, regardless of discipline through exposure to a broad general education, including i of major and its application to career pathways through sound academic advising and career counseling iii. interpreting the consequences of one's own actions iv. judging ethical conduct v. critiquing one's own personal

  12. Object delineation Defining energies p algorithms GC vs FC Forests Thm on MSF vs OPF: proof Delineating objects in images via minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris

    Object delineation Defining energies p algorithms GC vs FC Forests Thm on MSF vs OPF: proof Delineating objects in images via minimization of p energies; spanning forests via Dijkstra's and Kruskal energies 1 #12;Object delineation Defining energies p algorithms GC vs FC Forests Thm on MSF vs OPF: proof

  13. Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jinming

    Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles This article has been.1088/0957-4484/21/9/095301 Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles L Tao1 , X M Zhao1 , J M Gao2 and W Hu1,3 1-gratings and produce uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles in aqueous solution by dissolving water soluble

  14. The Invariant Set Postulate: A New Geometric Framework for the Foundations of Quantum Theory and the Role Played by Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. N. Palmer

    2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A new law of physics is proposed, defined on the cosmological scale but with significant implications for the microscale. Motivated by nonlinear dynamical systems theory and black-hole thermodynamics, the Invariant Set Postulate proposes that cosmological states of physical reality belong to a non-computable fractal state-space geometry I, invariant under the action of some subordinate deterministic causal dynamics. An exploratory analysis is made of a possible causal realistic framework for quantum physics, based on key properties of I. For example, sparseness is used to relate generic counterfactual states to points not lying on I, thus providing a geometric basis for the essential contextuality of quantum physics and the role of the abstract Hilbert Space in quantum theory. Also, self-similarity, described in a symbolic setting, provides a possible "realistic" perspective on the essential role of complex numbers and quaternions in quantum theory. A new interpretation is given to the standard "mysteries" of quantum theory: superposition, measurement, nonlocality, emergence of classicality and so on. It is proposed that heterogeneities in the fractal geometry of I are manifestations of the phenomenon of gravity. Since quantum theory is inherently blind to the existence of such state-space geometries, the analysis here suggests that attempts to formulate unified theories of physics within a conventional quantum-theoretic framework are misguided, and that a successful quantum theory of gravity should unify the causal non-Euclidean geometry of space time with the atemporal fractal geometry of state space.

  15. Three-dimensional lithographically-defined organotypic tissue arrays for quantitative analysis of morphogenesis and neoplastic progression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Celeste M.; Inman, Jamie L.; Bissell, Mina J.

    2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we describe a simple micromolding method to construct three-dimensional arrays of organotypic epithelial tissue structures that approximate in vivo histology. An elastomeric stamp containing an array of posts of defined geometry and spacing is used to mold microscale cavities into the surface of type I collagen gels. Epithelial cells are seeded into the cavities and covered with a second layer of collagen. The cells reorganize into hollow tissues corresponding to the geometry of the cavities. Patterned tissue arrays can be produced in 3-4 h and will undergo morphogenesis over the following one to three days. The protocol can easily be adapted to study a variety of tissues and aspects of normal and neoplastic development.

  16. PARTITION: A program for defining the source term/consequence analysis interface in the NUREG--1150 probabilistic risk assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iman, R.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Helton, J.C. (Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA)); Johnson, J.D. (Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The individual plant analyses in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's reassessment of the risk from commercial nuclear power plants (NUREG-1150) consist of four parts: systems analysis, accident progression analysis, source term analysis, and consequence analysis. Careful definition of the interfaces between these parts is necessary for both information flow and computational efficiency. This document has been designed for users of the PARTITION computer program developed by the authors at Sandia National Laboratories for defining the interface between the source term analysis (performed with the XXSOR programs) and the consequence analysis (performed with the MACCS program). This report provides a tutorial that details how the interactive partitioning is performed, along with detailed information on the partitioning process. The PARTITION program was written in ANSI standard FORTRAN 77 to make the code as machine-independent (i.e., portable) as possible. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Use of iodine surface geochemical surveys in the Lodgepole and Minnelusa plays, U.S. northern Rockies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tedesco, S.A.; Bretz, S. [Atoka Geochemical Services Corp., Englewood, CO (United States)

    1995-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of surface geochemistry is becoming more prevalent in oil exploration, especially for focusing specific target areas for 2D and 3D seismic surveys. Presented here are two surface geochemical surveys utilizing the iodine method in delineating Upper Minnelusa sands of Permian age in the Powder River basin and Lodgepole Waulsortian-like mounds of Mississippian age in the Williston basin. Iodine is an indirect indicator of a petroleum accumulation at depth. Increases in iodine anomalies are caused by the presence of petroleum seepage in the upper part of the soil section. In the very shallow surface, less than 10 ft, a reaction occurs between hydrocarbons and iodine under sunlight forming inorganic compounds. The source of the iodine is either from minerals in the soil and/or from the atmosphere with ultraviolet light as the initiator of the reaction. Any iodine in the subsurface could not migrate far in the presence of hydrocarbons and due to its large molecular size. The compounds that form in the soil remain solid and are relatively difficult to remove. Any surface geochemical anomaly needs to be followed by seismic in order to provide a specific drilling target. If a surface geochemical survey is properly designed and implemented, when no anomaly is present, then to date regardless of the type of method used the results have been dry holes. If a surface geochemical anomaly is present, the intensity, areal extent, and quality of the anomaly cannot determine the economic viability of the accumulation of depth, but there is a significant increase in the success rate. The best utilization of these methods is to determine areas where there is no possibility of finding petroleum and focusing on areas that do. In the case of the Lodgepole and Minnelusa plays, surface geochemistry allows a low cost approach and helps focus and minimize 2D and 3D survey costs.

  18. 15th INT SYMP ON APPLICATIONS OF LASER TECHNIQUES TO FLUID MECHANICS Lisbon, Portugal, 05-08 July, 2010 # 1647

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    15th INT SYMP ON APPLICATIONS OF LASER TECHNIQUES TO FLUID MECHANICS Lisbon, Portugal, 05-08 July in "15th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques in Fluid Mechanics, Lisbonne scientific studies of fluid flow. Dominant coherent structures are defined as organized fluid elements

  19. APPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    APPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE RECOMMENDATION FORM CON464 Construction Leadership: __________________________ To be considered for the Construction Leadership course submit the following: Application with description in the construction industry 5) If your GPA

  20. Applications (Grid Tools)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Grid Fabric Software Grid Applications Core Grid Middleware User-Level Middleware (Grid Tools) !"# $ %& ' ( ) * #& + '& ' , - . / # ) ) 0 # * 1 PDB CDB Grid Fabric Hardware &+ '' + ) , '1 '1 ' % - * # ( Grid Fabric Software Grid Applications Core Grid Middleware User-Level Middleware (Grid Tools) !"# $ %& ' ( ) * #& + '& ' , - . / # ) ) 0

  1. PEER ADVISING APPLICATION PACKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resume and the following application to 203 Peterson by Noon on Friday, October 10, 2014. Name: Student us about yourself? Applications and Resume Due: October 10, 2014 by Noon. Return completed Application & Resume to: Undergraduate Advising Office, 203 Peterson Hall #12;

  2. An investigation to define the physical/chemical constraints which limit NO sub x emission reduction achievable by reburning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, J. M.; Ho, L.; Chen, S. L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reburning is a combustion modification technique which removes NO{sub x} from combustion products by using fuel as a reducing agent. Previous studies have shown that natural gas is more effective than coal as a reburning fuel. Objectives of this program are to define the chemical and physical constraints which prevent the attainment of 85% NO{sub x} reduction with reburning and to test improved configurations for reburning as an advanced NO{sub x} control technique for coal-fired boilers. Bench scale studies are designed to screen the chemical and physical means for enhancing reburning efficiency. Pilot studies will evaluate the impacts of finite rate mixing on the effectiveness of the various concepts. The program consists of the following tasks: (1) Project Work Plan, (2) Chemical Enhancement of Reburning, (3) Physical Enhancement of Reburning, (4) Concept Verification, (5) Interpretation and Generalization, and (6) Final Report. This report documents the results obtained on Task 2. The focus of this task is to study the chemical means of maximizing N{sub 2} formation both in the reburning zone and in the burnout zone. The experiments were conducted in the bench scale Control Temperature Tower (CTT), which is a downfired, refractory lined tunnel furnace which is 20 cm in diameter and 2.4 m in length. 6 figs.

  3. Incidence of primary liver cancer and aetiological aspects: a study of a defined population from a low-endemicity area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J Kaczynski; G Hansson; S Wallerstedt

    Summary The prevalence of primary liver cancer (PLC) varies throughout the world. It has been attributed to variations in incidence of the predominant histological type, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The incidence of PLC types other than HCC such as cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) is far less known, especially in low-incidence areas. The aetiology of HCC and other PLC types is obscure, with the exception of the association between HCC and cirrhosis as well as chronic viral hepatitis. The present retrospective incidence and aetiology study concerns a well-defined population from a period with a high autopsy frequency. Preserved biopsy specimens were re-evaluated histopathologically and patient records were studied. Among 590 histologically verified cases of PLC, HCC constituted 90%, CCC 8 % and a mixed form of these types 1%. At the end of the study period the annual age-standardised incidence rate of HCC was 3.6 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. Other PLC types were hepatoblastoma (n = 3), fibrolamellar carcinoma (n = 2), angiosarcoma (n = 1) and infantile haemangioendothelioma (n = 1), each constituting less than I % of the PLC cases. Comparing HCC with CCC we found that cirrhosis (70%) and alcoholism (21%) was significantly more frequent in HCC, and cholelithiasis was significantly more common (60%) in patients with CCC. In the majority of the PLC cases with liver cirrhosis this disorder was unknown before diagnosis of the tumour.

  4. Challenges in defining a radiologic and hydrologic source term for underground nuclear test centers, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.K.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The compilation of a radionuclide inventory for long-lived radioactive contaminants residual from nuclear testing provides a partial measure of the radiologic source term at the Nevada Test Site. The radiologic source term also includes potentially mobile short-lived radionuclides excluded from the inventory. The radiologic source term for tritium is known with accuracy and is equivalent to the hydrologic source term within the saturated zone. Definition of the total hydrologic source term for fission and activation products that have high activities for decades following underground testing involves knowledge and assumptions which are presently unavailable. Systematic investigation of the behavior of fission products, activation products and actinides under saturated or Partially saturated conditions is imperative to define a representative total hydrologic source term. This is particularly important given the heterogeneous distribution of radionuclides within testing centers. Data quality objectives which emphasize a combination of measurements and credible estimates of the hydrologic source term are a priority for near-field investigations at the Nevada Test Site.

  5. 1602 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 7 / Tuesday, January 11, 2011 / Notices * An SME is defined as a firm with 500 or fewer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1602 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 7 / Tuesday, January 11, 2011 / Notices * An SME is defined,000 for large firms and $2,000 for a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME),* with up to two company

  6. Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

  7. ERIP application instructions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  8. ASSOCIATED STUDENTS, CSUF, INC. Application Form for Vice President of Finance '12-'13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    ASSOCIATED STUDENTS, CSUF, INC. Application Form for Vice President of Finance '12-'13 Address) What related experience do you have that qualifies you for theVice President of Finance position? 2) Explain your views on the role played by the Vice President of Finance as it pertains to: a. ASI Executive

  9. Calculating Radiative Heat Transfer in an Axisymmetric Closed Chamber: An Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    Calculating Radiative Heat Transfer in an Axisymmetric Closed Chamber: An Application to Crystal University of New York at Stony Brook Stony Brook N.Y. 11794 ABSTRACT Radiative heat transfer plays simulating radiative heat transfer in the crystal and in the region above the melt containing gas under

  10. Polar Cloud Detection using Satellite Data with Analysis and Application of Kernel Learning Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Tao

    Abstract Polar Cloud Detection using Satellite Data with Analysis and Application of Kernel Professor Bin Yu, Chair Clouds play a major role in Earth's climate and cloud detection is a crucial step climate model studies. Cloud detection is particularly difficult in the snow- and ice-covered polar

  11. Formal Verification of Safety I&C System Designs: Two Nuclear Power Plant Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heljanko, Keijo

    C4.2 Formal Verification of Safety I&C System Designs: Two Nuclear Power Plant Related Applications and control (I&C) systems play a crucial role in the operation of nuclear power plants (NPP) and other safety is available. The use of model checking to verify two nuclear power plant related systems is described: an arc

  12. Ocean circulation plays a key role in distributing solar energy and maintaining climate, by moving heat from Earth's equator to the poles. At

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Ocean circulation plays a key role in distributing solar energy and maintaining climate, by moving get cold and salty enough to sink to great depths. This globally interconnected process of "overturning circulation" occurs in all ocean basins and helps to regulate Earth's climate. Aquarius

  13. There is compelling evidence that extracellular ATP plays a role in sensory transduction via P2X receptors, a family of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    There is compelling evidence that extracellular ATP plays a role in sensory transduction via P2X (Cockayne et al. 2000). It has been proposed that ATP released by the cells that line the walls by the demonstration that changes in hydrostatic pressure of the bladder released ATP (Ferguson et al. 1997

  14. The Highly Conserved Bacterial RNase YbeY Is Essential in Vibrio cholerae, Playing a Critical Role in Virulence, Stress Regulation, and RNA Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vercruysse, Maarten

    YbeY, a highly conserved protein, is an RNase in E. coli and plays key roles in both processing of the critical 3? end of 16 S rRNA and in 70 S ribosome quality control under stress. These central roles account for YbeY's ...

  15. DESIGNING THE SYLLABUS--TEMPLATE IDEAS The information you communicate to your students on your course syllabus plays an important role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    DESIGNING THE SYLLABUS--TEMPLATE IDEAS The information you communicate to your students on your course syllabus plays an important role in influencing the decisions students make regarding plagiarism on Syllabus Design (reproduced below) that speaks to the key issues. Syllabus Design The best way

  16. BE436 FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID MECHANICS (Spring 2014) Fluid mechanics is the study of how and why fluids move. The behavior of fluids plays a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    BE436 FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID MECHANICS (Spring 2014) Fluid mechanics is the study of how and why fluids move. The behavior of fluids plays a fundamental role in the function of living biological, and microfluidic devices. Course info: We will examine all of the usual topics in fluid mechanics. This course

  17. May 20, 2013; Room WWH 109 5:00-7:00PM. Learning how to play poker. Noah Stephens-Davidowitz.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    :00-7:00PM. Learning how to play poker. Noah Stephens-Davidowitz. Network intrusion detection. Campbell Market Movements, Dmitry Storcheus, Tom Waters, Wilson Kung. Supervised learning for guitar chord voicing Sorting of Non-Stationary Data. Stephen Keeley, Ansa Ephraim, Mel Win Khaw. Recommendation algorithm

  18. Proceedings of the 2002 Conference on New Instruments for Musical Expression (NIME-02), Dublin, Ireland, May 24-26, 2002 Playing on Heart-Strings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    , Ireland, May 24-26, 2002 NIME02-01 Playing on Heart-Strings: Experiences with the 2Hearts System Graeme Mc@ece.ubc.ca ABSTRACT Here we present 2Hearts, a music system controlled by the heartbeats of two people. As the players speak and touch, 2Hearts extracts meaningful variables from their heartbeat signals. These variables

  19. The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    ABSTRACT The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a wind energy converter translates and operation of the wind energy converters make it beneficial to know the structural condition

  20. Computer simulation plays an increasingly important role in engineering education as a tool for enhancing classroom learning. This research investigates the efficacy of using sim-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    the evaluation. Simulation in Education and Simula- tor of Network Growth (SONG 1.0) How learners learn though simulation Experimenting different strategies Learn from consequences of their own actions EducationalAbstract Computer simulation plays an increasingly important role in engineering education

  1. The Effectiveness of Emergency Preparedness Animal Issues Education: Perceived Advantages and Obstacles of Roles Played By Texas AgriLife Extension Service Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Ricky G.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS ANIMAL ISSUES EDUCATION: PERCEIVED ADVANTAGES AND OBSTACLES OF ROLES PLAYED BY TEXAS AGRILIFE EXTENSION SERVICE AGENTS By RICK MAXWELL, B.S., M.S. A DISSERTATION IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION...-Chairperson of the Committee David Lawver Andy Vestal Accepted Fred Hartmeister Dean of the Graduate School May, 2010 Copyright 2010, Rick Maxwell Texas Tech University, Rick...

  2. Abstract People in developing countries mostly depend for their diet on special staple crops, so called orphan crops. These crops play a key role in food secu-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlemeier, Cris

    , including proven food or energy value and that the plant has been widely cultivated in the past83 Abstract People in developing countries mostly depend for their diet on special staple crops, so called orphan crops. These crops play a key role in food secu- rity since they are grown by many resource

  3. 2/11/13 10:09 AM`This Clement World,' a Play About Climate Change -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http://theater.nytimes.com/2013/02/10/theater/this-clement-world-a-play-about-climate-change.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0&pagewanted=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russo, Bernard

    to the Arctic, sponsored by Cape Farewell, a British organization that fosters communication on climate change2/11/13 10:09 AM`This Clement World,' a Play About Climate Change - NYTimes.com Page 1 of 4http://theater.nytimes.com/2013/02/10/theater/this-clement-world-a-play-about-climate-change.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0&pagewanted

  4. Handbook of software quality assurance techniques applicable to the nuclear industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bryant, J.L.; Wilburn, N.P.

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a research project to recommend good engineering practices in the application of 10 CFR 50, Appendix B requirements to assure quality in the development and use of computer software for the design and operation of nuclear power plants for NRC and industry. This handbook defines the content of a software quality assurance program by enumerating the techniques applicable. Definitions, descriptions, and references where further information may be obtained are provided for each topic.

  5. Technical applications of aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrubesh, L.W.

    1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerogel materials posses such a wide variety of exceptional properties that a striking number of applications have developed for them. Many of the commercial applications of aerogels such as catalysts, thermal insulation, windows, and particle detectors are still under development and new application as have been publicized since the ISA4 Conference in 1994: e.g.; supercapacitors, insulation for heat storage in automobiles, electrodes for capacitive deionization, etc. More applications are evolving as the scientific and engineering community becomes familiar with the unusual and exceptional physical properties of aerogels, there are also scientific and technical application, as well. This paper discusses a variety of applications under development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for which several types of aerogels are formed in custom sizes and shapes. Particular discussions will focus on the uses of aerogels for physics experiments which rely on the exceptional, sometimes unique, properties of aerogels.

  6. Space Science and Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Space Science and Applications Applying world-class expertise in space sciences and associated technologies to detect and characterize national security threats Contacts Group...

  7. Computational Optimization and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15

    2015-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Pitman Advanced Publishing Program, Boston, 1984. [10] M. Hanke, Regularizing Levenberg-Marquardt scheme, with applications to inverse groundwater. 19. 1.

  8. Application of solar energy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jingcheng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The purpose of the project is to learn the principle and application of solar energy and to know the situation of solar energy in China… (more)

  9. Application Power Signature Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL] [ORNL; Combs, Jacob [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Nazor, Jolie [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Santiago, Fabian [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Thysell, Rachelle [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Rivoire, Suzanne [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The high-performance computing (HPC) community has been greatly concerned about energy efficiency. To address this concern, it is essential to understand and characterize the electrical loads of HPC applications. In this work, we study whether HPC applications can be distinguished by their power-consumption patterns using quantitative measures in an automatic manner. Using a collection of 88 power traces from 4 different systems, we find that basic statistical measures do a surprisingly good job of summarizing applications' distinctive power behavior. Moreover, this study opens up a new area of research in power-aware HPC that has a multitude of potential applications.

  10. Carbon monoxide annealed TiO2 nanotube array electrodes for efficient biosensor applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    Carbon monoxide annealed TiO2 nanotube array electrodes for efficient biosensor applications by anodic oxidation of titanium foil followed with O2 and CO annealing were employed as matrices consisted of Ti3+ defects with carbon-doping and exhibited well defined quasi-reversible cyclic voltammetric

  11. CONTEXT-BASED ENERGY ESTIMATOR: APPLICATION TO OBJECT SEGMENTATION ON THE TREE OF SHAPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CONTEXT-BASED ENERGY ESTIMATOR: APPLICATION TO OBJECT SEGMENTATION ON THE TREE OF SHAPES Yongchao. A classical approach is to define an energy minimization framework, where interesting contours correspond to local minima of this energy. Active contours, graph cuts or minimum ratio cuts are instances of such ap

  12. Innovative Applications of O.R. Master surgery scheduling with consideration of multiple downstream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    Innovative Applications of O.R. Master surgery scheduling with consideration of multiple downstream on operating theater and operating staff, we enlarge the scope to downstream resources, such as the intensive for the downstream resources. We then discuss measures to define downstream costs resulting from the MSS and propose

  13. Modelling Geospatial Application Databases using UML-based Repositories Aligned with International Standards in Geomatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modelling Geospatial Application Databases using UML-based Repositories Aligned with International Abstract: This paper presents the result of recent work on the use of geospatial repositories to store and database concepts, a geospatial repository can be defined as a collection of (meta) data structured

  14. BRINGING SIMULATION TO APPLICATION : PRESENTATION OF A GLOBAL APPROACH IN THE DESIGN OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 BRINGING SIMULATION TO APPLICATION : PRESENTATION OF A GLOBAL APPROACH IN THE DESIGN OF PASSIVE to defining optimized bio-climatic urban planning and architectural designs featuring the use of passive SOLAR BUILDINGS UNDER HUMID TROPICAL CLIMATES F. GARDE,* H. BOYER,* R. CELAIRE** Laboratoire de Génie

  15. Cosimulating Synchronous DSP Applications with Analog RF Circuits Jos Luis Pino and Khalil Kalbasi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , synchronous dataflow (SDF), SPICE and circuit envelope simulation technologies are reviewed. Each. There are several forms of dataflow defined in HP Ptolemy. Synchronous dataflow(SDF), allows the succinct rates in the system are rationally related. SDF is ideally suited to a large set of DSP applications

  16. Silicon-on-glass pore network micromodels with oxygen-sensing fluorophore films for chemical imaging and defined spatial structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grate, Jay W.; Kelly, Ryan T.; Suter, Jonathan D.; Anheier, Norman C.

    2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Pore network microfluidic models were fabricated by a silicon-on-glass technique that provides the precision advantage of dry etched silicon while creating a structure that is transparent across all microfluidic channels and pores, and can be imaged from either side. A silicon layer is bonded to an underlying borosilicate glass substrate and thinned to the desired height of the microfluidic channels and pores. The silicon is then patterned and through-etched by deep reactive ion etching (DRIE), with the underlying glass serving as an etch stop. After bonding on a transparent glass cover plate, one obtains a micromodel in oxygen impermeable materials with water wet surfaces where the microfluidic channels are transparent and structural elements such as the pillars creating the pore network are opaque. The micromodel can be imaged from either side. The advantageous features of this approach in a chemical imaging application are demonstrated by incorporating a Pt porphyrin fluorophore in a PDMS film serving as the oxygen sensing layer and a bonding surface, or in a polystyrene film coated with a PDMS layer for bonding. The sensing of a dissolved oxygen gradient was demonstrated using fluorescence lifetime imaging, and it is shown that different matrix polymers lead to optimal use in different ranges dissolved oxygen concentration. Imaging with the opaque pillars in between the observation direction and the continuous fluorophore film yields images that retain spatial information in the sensor image.

  17. Adjustable speed drives: Applications and R&D needs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stefanovic, V.R.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest opportunity for the growth of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) during the next 5-6 years is in pump, fan and compressor (PFC) applications where a constant, fixed speed operation is converted to adjustable speed in order to realize energy savings. Inverter supplied induction motors are and will continue to be predominately used in these applications. Over the long term (10-15 years), the greatest ASD growth is expected in large volume consumer applications: first in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs) and in residential heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC). Both induction and a variety of AC Permanent Magnet motors are expected to be the dominant technology in this new field. The traditional ASD applications in industries which require adjustable speed (such as machine tools, robotics, steel rolling, extruders, paper mill finishing lines, etc.) offer a relatively limited potential for above average ASD growth since most of these applications have already converted to electronic speed control. As a result, ASD growth in this sector will essentially track the growth of the corresponding industries. If realized, both short and long term ASD growth opportunities will result in significant advancements of ASD technology, which will then substantially affect all other, more fragmented, ASD applications. In fact, any single large volume ASD application will serve as a catalyst for improving ASD characteristics in all other ASD applications with the same voltage rating. ASD cost and reliability (defined in the context of application compatibility) are the two most important factors which will determine whether the ASD growth opportunities are realized. Conversely, any technological improvement which carries a cost increase will be restricted to niche applications, at best. Consequently, future R & D efforts should be directed to secure reduction in ASD cost and improvement in ASD reliability. A specific action plan is outlined in this report.

  18. CARBON NANOTUBES: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, John, E.

    2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon nanotubes were discovered in 1991 as a minority byproduct of fullerene synthesis. Remarkable progress has been made in the ensuing years, including the discovery of two basic types of nanotubes (single-wall and multi-wall), great strides in synthesis and purification, elucidation of many fundamental physical properties, and important steps towards practical applications. Both the underlying science and technological potential of SWNT can profitably be studied at the scale of individual tubes and on macroscopic assemblies such as fibers. Experiments on single tubes directly reveal many of the predicted quantum confinement and mechanical properties. Semiconductor nanowires have many features in common with nanotubes, and many of the same fundamental and practical issues are in play – quantum confinement and its effect on properties; possible device structures and circuit architectures; thermal management; optimal synthesis, defect morphology and control, etc. In 2000 we began a small effort in this direction, conducted entirely by undergraduates with minimal consumables support from this grant. With DOE-BES approval, this grew into a project in parallel with the carbon nanotube work, in which we studied of inorganic semiconductor nanowire growth, characterization and novel strategies for electronic and electromechanical device fabrication. From the beginnings of research on carbon nanotubes, one of the major applications envisioned was hydrogen storage for fuel-cell powered cars and trucks. Subsequent theoretical models gave mixed results, the most pessimistic indicating that the fundamental H2-SWNT interaction was similar to flat graphite (physisorption) with only modest binding energies implying cryogenic operation at best. New material families with encouraging measured properties have emerged, and materials modeling has gained enormously in predictive power, sophistication, and the ability to treat a realistically representative number of atoms. One of the new materials, highly porous carbide-derived carbons (CDC), is the subject of an add-on to this grant awarded to myself and Taner Yildirim (NIST). Results from the add-on led eventually to a new 3-year award DE-FG02-08ER46522 “From Fundamental Understanding to Predicting New Nanomaterials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage”, $1000K, (05/31/2008 - 05/01/2011) with Taner Yildirim and myself as co-PI’s.

  19. Commercial gasifier for IGCC applications study report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Notestein, J.E.

    1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This was a scoping-level study to identify and characterize the design features of fixed-bed gasifiers appearing most important for a gasifier that was to be (1) potentially commercially attractive, and (2) specifically intended for us in integrated coal gasification/combined-cycle (IGCC) applications. It also performed comparative analyses on the impact or value of these design features and on performance characteristics options of the whole IGCC system since cost, efficiency, environmental traits, and operability -- on a system basis -- are what is really important. The study also reviewed and evaluated existing gasifier designs, produced a conceptual-level gasifier design, and generated a moderately advanced system configuration that was utilized as the reference framework for the comparative analyses. In addition, technical issues and knowledge gaps were defined. 70 figs., 31 tabs.

  20. Harsh environments electronics : downhole applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vianco, Paul Thomas

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development and operational sustainment of renewable (geothermal) and non-renewable (fossil fuel) energy resources will be accompanied by increasingly higher costs factors: exploration and site preparation, operational maintenance and repair. Increased government oversight in the wake of the Gulf oil spill will only add to the cost burden. It is important to understand that downhole conditions are not just about elevated temperatures. It is often construed that military electronics are exposed to the upper limit in terms of extreme service environments. Probably the harshest of all service conditions for electronics and electrical equipment are those in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. From the technology perspective, advanced materials, sensors, and microelectronics devices are benefificial to the exploration and sustainment of energy resources, especially in terms of lower costs. Besides the need for the science that creates these breakthroughs - there is also a need for sustained engineering development and testing. Downhole oil, gas, and geothermal well applications can have a wide range of environments and reliability requirements: Temperature, Pressure, Vibration, Corrosion, and Service duration. All too frequently, these conditions are not well-defifined because the application is labeled as 'high temperature'. This ambiguity is problematic when the investigation turns to new approaches for electronic packaging solutions. The objective is to develop harsh environment, electronic packaging that meets customer requirements of cost, performance, and reliability. There are a number of challenges: (1) Materials sets - solder alloys, substrate materials; (2) Manufacturing process - low to middle volumes, low defect counts, new equipment technologies; and (3) Reliability testing - requirements documents, test methods and modeling, relevant standards documents. The cost to develop and sustain renewable and non-renewable energy resources will continue to escalate within the industry. Downhole electronics can provide a very cost-effective approach for well exploration and sustainment (data logging). However, the harsh environments are a 'game-changer' in terms defining materials, assembly processes and the long-term reliability of downhole electronic systems. The system-level approach will enable the integration of each of these contributors - materials, processes, and reliability - in order to deliver cost-effective electronics that meet customer requirements.

  1. Wind energy applications guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The brochure is an introduction to various wind power applications for locations with underdeveloped transmission systems, from remote water pumping to village electrification. It includes an introductory section on wind energy, including wind power basics and system components and then provides examples of applications, including water pumping, stand-alone systems for home and business, systems for community centers, schools, and health clinics, and examples in the industrial area. There is also a page of contacts, plus two specific example applications for a wind-diesel system for a remote station in Antarctica and one on wind-diesel village electrification in Russia.

  2. 1132 nature structural biology volume 6 number 12 december 1999 To be active, proteins must fold into well-defined three-dimen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matouschek, Andreas

    precursor proteins normally lack all structure during import11, but some proteins assume their native formarticles 1132 nature structural biology · volume 6 number 12 · december 1999 To be active, proteins must fold into well-defined three-dimen- sional structures. However, unfolding of proteins is also

  3. 21600 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 79 / Monday, April 26, 2010 / Notices 1 An SME is defined as a firm with 500 or fewer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21600 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 79 / Monday, April 26, 2010 / Notices 1 An SME is defined,680 for large firms and $2,925 for a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME) 1 or small organization, which will cover one representative. The fee for each additional firm representative (large firm or SME) is $500

  4. Math 103b Spring 2014 Sample Midterm 2 1. (a) Define what it means for a ring R to be a PID (principal ideal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogalski, Daniel

    Math 103b Spring 2014 Sample Midterm 2 1. (a) Define what it means for a ring R to be a PID above are UFD's? (no proof necessary) (c2). Which rings on the list above are PID's? (no proof necessary

  5. Variational fracture mechanics The fracture pattern in stressed bodies is defined through the minimization of a two-field pseudo-spatial-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segatti, Antonio

    Variational fracture mechanics The fracture pattern in stressed bodies is defined through-deviatoric and masonry-like fractures. Remarkably, this latter formulation rigorously avoid material overlapping., Francfort, G. A. and J. J. Marigo, Numerical experiments in revisited brittle fracture. J. Mech. Phys

  6. Fractal properties of plants What is a fractal? In his 1982 book, Mandelbrot defines it as a set with Fractals vs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prusinkiewicz, Przemyslaw

    Chapter 8 Fractal properties of plants What is a fractal? In his 1982 book, Mandelbrot defines it as a set with Fractals vs. finite curvesHausdorff-Besicovitch dimension DH strictly exceeding the topological dimension DT [95, page 15]. In this sense, none of the figures presented in this book are fractals

  7. 61. Nelson, D. C. Oil Shale: New Technologies Defining New Opportunities. Presented at the Platts Rockies Gas & Oil Conference, Denver, CO, April

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    61. Nelson, D. C. Oil Shale: New Technologies Defining New Opportunities. Presented at the Platts I, II Modeling of the In-Situ Production of Oil from .',1 l ',".1" Oil Shale ilil 'I' 'I~ :' l of conventional oil reserves amidst increasing liquid fuel demand in the world have renewed interest in oil shale

  8. UNIVERSITY SUSTAINABILITY POLICY A defining characteristic of the UCD Strategic Plan to 2014 is to build on excellence in teaching and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term commitment to both current and future generations. The vision of a sustainable healthy and living campus of creating a Sustainable Healthy and Living Campus is expressed in the following documents: o UCD StrategicUNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN UNIVERSITY SUSTAINABILITY POLICY #12;A defining characteristic of the UCD

  9. In Florida, the bicycle is legally defined as a vehicle. Bicyclists have the same rights to the roadways, and must obey the same traffic laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    In Florida, the bicycle is legally defined as a vehicle. Bicyclists have the same rights for this respect. TRAFFIC LAW HIGHLIGHTS Bicycle Regulations [316.2065, F.S.] · A bicyclist must obey all traffic controls and signals. · A bicyclist must use a fixed, regular seat for riding. · No bicycle may be used

  10. 5 Valdes-Sosa, M. et al. (2000) Attention to object files defined by transparent motion. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 26, 488505

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bremen, Universität

    5 Valdes-Sosa, M. et al. (2000) Attention to object files defined by transparent motion. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 26, 488­505 6 Fallah, M. et al. (2007) Stimulus-specific competitive motion repulsion. Vision Res. 46, 3651­3658 9 Sa`enz, M. et al. (2003) Global feature-based attention

  11. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Economics Contact

  12. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Architecture Contact

  13. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8digit CIP code level. Veterinary

  14. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Aerospace

  15. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Educational

  16. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Animal Science

  17. MSW Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    MSW Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials and Fees SUBMIT Application for Admission to Graduate Studies Statement of Academic Interests (1-2 pages) MSW

  18. Heat Pumps - Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altin, M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    compressors (heat pumps) with actual applications in Monsanto. Guidelines for possible application areas are drawn from the analysis, and conclusions are drawn both about the usefulness of exergy analysis and about the heat pump application areas....

  19. OPS Application Requisition #: Job Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzotti, Frank

    to my application and resume. I certify that the application and/or resume submitted are a complete statements or omissions made by me on this form, my application, my resume, or any supplementary

  20. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, PUREX storage tunnels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, S.M.

    1997-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the PUREX Storage Tunnels (this document, DOE/RL-90-24). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needs defined by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents Section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation is current as of April 1997.

  1. Neutron sources and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

  2. web identity application sectioneleven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derisi, Joseph

    web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

  3. Application Of Shakedown Analysis To Cyclic Creep Damage Limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, Peter [Stress Engineering Services Inc.] [Stress Engineering Services Inc.; Jetter, Robert I [Consultant] [Consultant; Sham, Sam [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shakedown analysis may be used to provide a conservative estimate of local rupture and hence cyclic creep damage for use in a creep-fatigue assessment. The shakedown analysis is based on an elastic-perfectly plastic material with a temperature-dependent pseudo yield stress defined to guarantee that a shakedown solution exists which does not exceed rupture stress and temperature for a defined life. The ratio of design life to the estimated maximum cyclic life is the shakedown creep damage. The methodology does not require stress classification and is also applicable to cycles over the full range of temperature above and below the creep regime. Full cyclic creep and damage analysis is the alternative when shakedown analysis appears to be excessively conservative.

  4. Play by Playbook: The Collected Zebracon Plays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Paula

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Starsky. (JOGGER is finally -30-. HUTCH lifts STARSKY into his arms.) STARSKY: Oh, Hutch. HUTCH: Oh, Starsky. STARSKY: Oh, Hutch. HUTCH: Oh, Starsky. STARSKY: Oh, Hutch, I'm in pain. HUTCH: Where does it hurt, buddy? STARSKY: My hand. You're...? HUTCH: I gave him three warning shots, Starsk. STARSKY: Yeah, but you're not supposed to warn him thru the heart. (They exit left.) (Scene 2. CORONOR, CORPSE, and COPS enter right. CORPSE is either already liberally bedaubed with ketchup, or he...

  5. Electric motors: Markets, trends, and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric motors play an important role in nearly all sectors of the US economy. Typical motor applications range from air conditioning and appliances in the residential sector, to cooling and space heating in the commercial sector, to materials handling and processing in the industrial sectors. Motors in the residential sector consumed nearly 352 billion kilowatthours (BkWh) in 1985, in the commercial sector 279 BkWh, and the industrial sector 552 BkWh. Approximately 87% of electric motor electricity use in the industrial sector was consumed in manufacturing processes, while the process industries consumed more than half of the manufacturing sector's electric motor electricity use. The total motor population in all sectors in 1987 stood just shy of 1.02 billion, 90% of which are less than one horsepower (HP) in size. An increasing percentage of the motor population is comprised of high efficiency motors, as classified by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). High efficiency motors offer end-users greater energy and cost savings than do their standard efficiency counterparts. This report provides an overview of the history of the electric motor, a brief description of the electromechanical theory behind motor operations, and offers a statistical review of the size and distribution of the electric motor market. The report also presents data on sector motor electricity use, describes current and potential motor application opportunities, and details areas in which further research and development may be needed.

  6. Surface modification: advantages, techniques, and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natesan, K.

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adequate performance of materials at elevated temperatures is a potential problem in many systems within the chemical, petroleum, process, and power-generating industries. Degradation of materials occurs because of interaction between the structural material and the exposure environment. These interactions are generally undesired chemical reactions that can lead to accelerated wastage and alter the functional requirements and/or structural integrity of the materials. Therefore, material selection for high-temperature applications must be based not only on a material strength properties but also on resistance to the complex environments prevalent in the anticipated exposure environment. As plants become larger, the satisfactory performance and reliability of components play a greater role in plant availability and economics. However, system designers are becoming increasingly concerned with finding the least expensive material that will satisfactorily perform the design function for the desired service life. This present paper addresses the benefits of surface modification and identified several criteria for selection and application of modified surfaces in the power sector. A brief review is presented on potential methods for modification of surfaces, with the emphasis on coatings. In the final section of the paper, several examples address the requirements of different energy systems and surface modification avenues that have been applied to resolve the issues.

  7. Gaseous Detectors: recent developments and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Titov

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Since long time, the compelling scientific goals of future high energy physics experiments were a driving factor in the development of advanced detector technologies. A true innovation in detector instrumentation concepts came in 1968, with the development of a fully parallel readout for a large array of sensing elements - the Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC), which earned Georges Charpak a Nobel prize in physics in 1992. Since that time radiation detection and imaging with fast gaseous detectors, capable of economically covering large detection volume with low mass budget, have been playing an important role in many fields of physics. Advances in photo-lithography and micro-processing techniques in the chip industry during the past decade triggered a major transition in the field of gas detectors from wire structures to Micro-Pattern Gas Detector (MPGD) concepts, revolutionizing cell size limitations for many gas detector applications. The high radiation resistance and excellent spatial and time resolution make them an invaluable tool to confront future detector challenges at the next generation of colliders. The design of the new micro-pattern devices appears suitable for industrial production. Novel structures where MPGDs are directly coupled to the CMOS pixel readout represent an exciting field allowing timing and charge measurements as well as precise spatial information in 3D. Originally developed for the high energy physics, MPGD applications has expanded to nuclear physics, UV and visible photon detection, astroparticle and neutrino physics, neutron detection and medical physics.

  8. Applications of cavity optomechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalfe, Michael [Booz Allen Hamilton, 3811 Fairfax Drive, Arlington, Virginia 22203 (United States)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    “Cavity-optomechanics” aims to study the quantum properties of mechanical systems. A common strategy implemented in order to achieve this goal couples a high finesse photonic cavity to a high quality factor mechanical resonator. Then, using feedback forces such as radiation pressure, one can cool the mechanical mode of interest into the quantum ground state and create non-classical states of mechanical motion. On the path towards achieving these goals, many near-term applications of this field have emerged. After briefly introducing optomechanical systems and describing the current state-of-the-art experimental results, this article summarizes some of the more exciting practical applications such as ultra-sensitive, high bandwidth accelerometers and force sensors, low phase noise x-band integrated microwave oscillators and optical signal processing such as optical delay-lines, wavelength converters, and tunable optical filters. In this rapidly evolving field, new applications are emerging at a fast pace, but this article concentrates on the aforementioned lab-based applications as these are the most promising avenues for near-term real-world applications. New basic science applications are also becoming apparent such as the generation of squeezed light, testing gravitational theories and for providing a link between disparate quantum systems.

  9. 2012 Market Report on U.S. Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Flowers, L. T.; Gagne, M. N.; Pro, B. H.; Rhoads-Weaver, H. E.; Jenkins, J. O.; Sahl, K. M.; Baranowski, R. E.

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    At the end of 2012, U.S. wind turbines in distributed applications reached a 10-year cumulative installed capacity of more than 812 MW from more than 69,000 units across all 50 states. In 2012 alone, nearly 3,800 wind turbines totaling 175 MW of distributed wind capacity were documented in 40 states and in the U.S. Virgin Islands, with 138 MW using utility-scale turbines (i.e., greater than 1 MW in size), 19 MW using mid-size turbines (i.e., 101 kW to 1 MW in size), and 18.4 MW using small turbines (i.e., up to 100 kW in size). Distributed wind is defined in terms of technology application based on a wind project’s location relative to end-use and power-distribution infrastructure, rather than on technology size or project size. Distributed wind systems are either connected on the customer side of the meter (to meet the onsite load) or directly to distribution or micro grids (to support grid operations or offset large loads nearby). Estimated capacity-weighted average costs for 2012 U.S. distributed wind installations was $2,540/kW for utility-scale wind turbines, $2,810/kW for mid-sized wind turbines, and $6,960/kW for newly manufactured (domestic and imported) small wind turbines. An emerging trend observed in 2012 was an increased use of refurbished turbines. The estimated capacity-weighted average cost of refurbished small wind turbines installed in 2012 was $4,080/kW. As a result of multiple projects using utility-scale turbines, Iowa deployed the most new overall distributed wind capacity, 37 MW, in 2012. Nevada deployed the most small wind capacity in 2012, with nearly 8 MW of small wind turbines installed in distributed applications. In the case of mid-size turbines, Ohio led all states in 2012 with 4.9 MW installed in distributed applications. State and federal policies and incentives continued to play a substantial role in the development of distributed wind projects. In 2012, U.S. Treasury Section 1603 payments and grants and loans from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Energy for America Program were the main sources of federal funding for distributed wind projects. State and local funding varied across the country, from rebates to loans, tax credits, and other incentives. Reducing utility bills and hedging against potentially rising electricity rates remain drivers of distributed wind installations. In 2012, other drivers included taking advantage of the expiring U.S. Treasury Section 1603 program and a prosperous year for farmers. While 2012 saw a large addition of distributed wind capacity, considerable barriers and challenges remain, such as a weak domestic economy, inconsistent state incentives, and very competitive solar photovoltaic and natural gas prices. The industry remains committed to improving the distributed wind marketplace by advancing the third-party certification process and introducing alternative financing models, such as third-party power purchase agreements and lease-to-own agreements more typical in the solar photovoltaic market. Continued growth is expected in 2013.

  10. DCE-MRI defined subvolumes of a brain metastatic lesion by principle component analysis and fuzzy-c-means clustering for response assessment of radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farjam, Reza; Tsien, Christina I.; Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, SPC 5010, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5010 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, SPC 5010, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5010 (United States); Cao, Yue, E-mail: yuecao@umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, SPC 5010, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5010 (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, SPC 5010, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5010 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Med Inn Building C478, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5842 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2200 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2099 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop a pharmacokinetic modelfree framework to analyze the dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) data for assessment of response of brain metastases to radiation therapy. Methods: Twenty patients with 45 analyzable brain metastases had MRI scans prior to whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and at the end of the 2-week therapy. The volumetric DCE images covering the whole brain were acquired on a 3T scanner with approximately 5 s temporal resolution and a total scan time of about 3 min. DCE curves from all voxels of the 45 brain metastases were normalized and then temporally aligned. A DCE matrix that is constructed from the aligned DCE curves of all voxels of the 45 lesions obtained prior to WBRT is processed by principal component analysis to generate the principal components (PCs). Then, the projection coefficient maps prior to and at the end of WBRT are created for each lesion. Next, a pattern recognition technique, based upon fuzzy-c-means clustering, is used to delineate the tumor subvolumes relating to the value of the significant projection coefficients. The relationship between changes in different tumor subvolumes and treatment response was evaluated to differentiate responsive from stable and progressive tumors. Performance of the PC-defined tumor subvolume was also evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis in prediction of nonresponsive lesions and compared with physiological-defined tumor subvolumes. Results: The projection coefficient maps of the first three PCs contain almost all response-related information in DCE curves of brain metastases. The first projection coefficient, related to the area under DCE curves, is the major component to determine response while the third one has a complimentary role. In ROC analysis, the area under curve of 0.88 ± 0.05 and 0.86 ± 0.06 were achieved for the PC-defined and physiological-defined tumor subvolume in response assessment. Conclusions: The PC-defined subvolume of a brain metastasis could predict tumor response to therapy similar to the physiological-defined one, while the former is determined more rapidly for clinical decision-making support.

  11. Modular Power Converters for PV Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes technical opportunities to serve as parts of a technological roadmap for Shoals Technologies Group in power electronics for PV applications. There are many different power converter circuits that can be used for solar inverter applications. The present applications do not take advantage of the potential for using common modules. We envision that the development of a power electronics module could enable higher reliability by being durable and flexible. Modules would have fault current limiting features and detection circuits such that they can limit the current through the module from external faults and can identify and isolate internal faults such that the remaining modules can continue to operate with only minimal disturbance to the utility or customer. Development of a reliable, efficient, low-cost, power electronics module will be a key enabling technology for harnessing more power from solar panels and enable plug and play operation. Power electronics for computer power supplies, communication equipment, and transportation have all targeted reliability and modularity as key requirements and have begun concerted efforts to replace monolithic components with collections of common smart modules. This is happening on several levels including (1) device level with intelligent control, (2) functional module level, and (3) system module. This same effort is needed in power electronics for solar applications. Development of modular units will result in standard power electronic converters that will have a lower installed and operating cost for the overall system. These units will lead to increased adaptability and flexibility of solar inverters. Incorporating autonomous fault current limiting and reconfiguration capabilities into the modules and having redundant modules will lead to a durable converter that can withstand the rigors of solar power generation for more than 30 years. Our vision for the technology roadmap is that there is no need for detailed design of new power converters for each new application or installation. One set of modules and controllers can be pre-developed and the only design question would be how many modules need to be in series or parallel for the specific power requirement. Then, a designer can put the modules together and add the intelligent reconfigurable controller. The controller determines how many modules are connected, but it might also ask for user input for the specific application during setup. The modules include protection against faults and can reset it, if necessary. In case of a power device failure, the controller reconfigures itself to continue limited operation until repair which might be as simple as taking the faulty module out and inserting a new module. The result is cost savings in design, maintenance, repair, and a grid that is more reliable and available. This concept would be a perfect fit for the recently announced funding opportunity announcement (DE-FOA-0000653) on Plug and Play Photovoltaics.

  12. Building Facebook Application using Python

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, S. Felix

    Building Facebook Application using Python ECS-15, Fall 2010 Prantik Bhattacharyya #12;· Farmville ­ Game ­ 57.5m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/FarmVille · Causes ­ Issues/Movement ­ 26.4m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/causes Facebook Applications #12;Outline · Facebook Applications · Writing Applications · Development

  13. (c) 2008-2011. Minh Ha-Duong. Rodica Loisel. CIRED Reproduction allowed. share alike. attribution. Blue cells: Numerical assumptions defining the scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,00 Gt CO2 generated G = g B 4,50 Gt CO2 stored S = s B Carbon dioxide emissions and coal types 2,38 t CO2 generated by t of coal (bituminous grade) Coal Types CO2 emissions 2050 2,101 Gt of coal consumed « Expected fatalities for one wedge of CCS in 2050 » Defines the « wedge of CCS at baseload coal power plants

  14. Vanadium-base alloys for fusion reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.L.; Loomis, B.A.; Diercks, D.R.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vanadium-base alloys offer potentially significant advantages over other candidate alloys as a structural material for fusion reactor first wall/blanket applications. Although the data base is more limited than that for the other leading candidate structural materials, viz., austenitic and ferritic steels, vanadium-base alloys exhibit several properties that make them particularly attractive for the fusion reactor environment. This paper presents a review of the structural material requirements, a summary of the materials data base for selected vanadium-base alloys, and a comparison of projected performance characteristics compared to other candidate alloys. Also, critical research and development (R and D) needs are defined.

  15. Computer applications for reactor control and diagnosis. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monson, L.R.; Stratton, R.C.; Chisholm, G.H.; Lindsay, R.W.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the Three Mile Island (TMI-II) accident, the nuclear industry has emphasized development of methodologies and systems that will enhance the safety of the nuclear power industry. Extensive effort is being employed throughout the technical community in the area of Man-Machine Interaction (MMI) to assist the operator with this task. Argonne is actively involved in specific areas of application and development that provide direct support to program goals and objectives defined in the LMFBR Safety Man-Machine Interface Program Plan.

  16. Northeast Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourgeois, Tom

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    From October 1, 2009 through September 30, 2013 (“contract period”), the Northeast Clean Energy Application Center (“NE-CEAC”) worked in New York and New England (Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine) to create a more robust market for the deployment of clean energy technologies (CETs) including combined heat and power (CHP), district energy systems (DES), and waste heat recovery (WHR) systems through the provision of technical assistance, education and outreach, and strategic market analysis and support for decision-makers. CHP, DES, and WHR can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce electrical and thermal energy costs, and provide more reliable energy for users throughout the United States. The NE-CEAC’s efforts in the provision of technical assistance, education and outreach, and strategic market analysis and support for decision-makers helped advance the market for CETs in the Northeast thereby helping the region move towards the following outcomes: • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and criteria pollutants • Improvements in energy efficiency resulting in lower costs of doing business • Productivity gains in industry and efficiency gains in buildings • Lower regional energy costs • Strengthened energy security • Enhanced consumer choice • Reduced price risks for end-users • Economic development effects keeping more jobs and more income in our regional economy Over the contract period, NE-CEAC provided technical assistance to approximately 56 different potential end-users that were interested in CHP and other CETs for their facility or facilities. Of these 56 potential end-users, five new CHP projects totaling over 60 MW of install capacity became operational during the contract period. The NE-CEAC helped host numerous target market workshops, trainings, and webinars; and NE-CEAC staff delivered presentations at many other workshops and conferences. In total, over 60 different workshops, conferences, webinars, and presentation were hosted or delivered during the contract period. The NE-CEAC also produced publically available educational materials such as CHP project profiles. Finally, the NE-CEAC worked closely with the relevant state agencies involved with CHP development. In New York, the NE-CEAC played an important role in securing and maintaining funding for CHP incentive programs administered by the New York State Energy Research Development Authority. NE-CEAC was also involved in the NYC Mayor's Office DG Collaborative. The NECEAC was also named a strategic resource for the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection’s innovative Microgrid Pilot Program.

  17. Intraoperative radiation therapy: Characterization and application. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruck, W.R.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to define and perform the dosimetry measurements required to characterize a set of 18 applicators for use in Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT). IORT is one of the newest tools in the fight against cancer. In IORT, malignant tumors are exposed directly to high-energy electrons delivered through a specially designed applicator mounted on a linear accelerator. The medical physicist must provide an adequate description of the dose delivery characteristics for every combination of IORT applicator and electron-beam energy. Briefly, the characteristics of interest include: isodose charts, output factors, effective Source-to-Source-Distances (SSDs), offset factors, and Central-Axis (CAX) profiles. Each characteristic is important in the IORT treatment planning process. Isodose charts are used to help select the right combination of IORT applicator and electron-beam energy. Output factors and the offset factors are used to scale the prescribed dose to the appropriate number of monitor units (MUs). CAX profiles are used to find surface dose factors, output factors, and x-ray dose factors. Radiographic film is used to obtain the isodose charts and CAX profiles. Effective SSDs are measured using a parallel-plate ionization chamber. In general the results are comparable to those found by personnel at the Mayo Clinic for their IORT system. The only difference is the observation that effective SSDs are dependent upon the diameter of the IORT applicator and the electron-beam energy.

  18. STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY The student travel policy is subject to the standardized the following funding sources: Activity and Services (A & S) fees, Revenues, and Auxiliary fund. The student travel policy incorporates by reference in the University Regulation 4.006 Student Government and Student

  19. DATABASE SECURITY APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    DATABASE SECURITY #12;APPLICATIONS #12;Polyinstantiation for Cover Stories Ravi S. Sandhu and Sushil Jajodia* Center for Secure Information Systems & Department of Information and Software Systems Engineering George Mason University Falffax, VA 22030, USA emaih {sandhu, jajodia}Qsitevax.gmu.edu Abstract

  20. Introducing Web Application Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

  1. Permit application modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains the Permit Application Modifications for the Y-12 Industrial Landfill V site on the Oak Ridge Reservation. These modifications include the assessment of stability of the proposed Landfill V under static and loading conditions. Analyses performed include the general slope stability, veneer stability of the bottom liner and cover system, and a liquefaction potential assessment of the foundation soils.

  2. APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2012-2013 The Presidential Internship perspective. The Presidential Internship in Higher Education program is looking for a small, diverse group and community leaders. To qualify for this internship, a student must: 1. Exhibit an interest in higher

  3. Applied Statistics: Modern Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Real-time vehicle tracking Pollution levels Medical and genetic information .... Saturday, 5 February-time vehicle tracking Pollution levels Medical and genetic information .... Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12 · Advertising · ... Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12;Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12;Modern Application Areas

  4. INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purvis, Richard

    INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Frank Smith, Nicholas Ovenden and Richard Purvis University are described, one industrial on violent water-air interaction during an impact process and the other biomedical: industrial, biomedical, impacts, networks, theory, computation, scales. 1. INTRODUCTION It is a pleasure

  5. Rheological and thermal study of the curing process of a cycloaliphatic epoxy resin: application to the optimization of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Rheological and thermal study of the curing process of a cycloaliphatic epoxy resin: application-4-67-14-37-80; Fax: 33-4-67-14-40-28 ABSTRACT The curing process of a cycloaliphatic epoxy resin was defined using of structure-properties relationships. Keywords: curing kinetics, epoxy resin, dynamic mechanical properties

  6. Calculation of the eigenfunctions of the two-group neutron diffusion equation and application to modal decomposition of BWR instabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    Calculation of the eigenfunctions of the two-group neutron diffusion equation and application is modified so that the calculation of modes higher than the fundamental mode is possible. Thereafter some parameters to be defined by the user, is a very efficient method for calculating eigenfunctions

  7. Actor A person who plays a set role in a project, for example an architect or structural engineer or project manager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, James R.

    , developed by BRANZ to encourage energy efficient building design AP Application Protocol, a name used in ISO Relationship ESPRIT The EU Information Technology Programme EU European Union, a major funding source for large Interface HVAC Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning IBDS Integrated Building Design System ID

  8. Textbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ..................................................................................... 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    allows you to search for your assigned course(s) by: Term, Location, Academic Department, Course NumberTextbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ............................................................................................................ 3 Search with Academic Criteria

  9. Defining the human endothelial transcriptome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natarajan, Sripriya, 1978-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in microarray technology facilitate the study of biological systems at a genome-wide level. Meaningful analysis of these transcriptional profiling studies, however, demands the concomitant development of novel ...

  10. Sum rules for spin-$1/2$ quantum gases in well-defined-spin states: spin-independent interactions and spin-dependent external fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yurovsky, Vladimir A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many-body eigenstates of spin-$1/2$ particles with defined total spins contain spin and spatial wavefunctions belonging to multidimensional irreducible representations of the symmetric group, unless the total spin has the maximal allowed value. Matrix elements in the basis of such eigenstates are analyzed for spin-dependent interactions with external fields and spin-independent ones between the particles. Analytical expressions are obtained for sums of the matrix elements and sums of their squared modules. The sum rules are applied to perturbative analysis of energy spectra.

  11. Text S3. Relationship between EI and SI In the main text we defined two measures of information integration across a partition that we called EI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Christof

    Text S3. Relationship between EI and SI In the main text we defined two measures of information integration across a partition that we called EI [Eq. (4)] and SI [Eq. (3)] which we repeat here: SI(X0 ! Xt|P) = I(X0 : Xt) kX i=1 I(P (i) 0 : P (i) t ) , (S6) EI(X0 ! Xt|P) = kX i=1 H(P (i) 0 |P (i) t ) H(X0|Xt

  12. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Soil & Crop Sciences

  13. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Biology Contact Name

  14. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Nutrition and Food

  15. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Faculty of Genetics

  16. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department History Contact Name

  17. Texas A&M University 18 Characteristics of Texas Public Doctoral Programs Programs included only if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if in existence 3 or more years. Program is defined at the 8-digit CIP code level. Department Texas A&M Institute

  18. Ceramics for fusion applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clinard, F.W. Jr.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ceramics are required for a variety of uses in both near-term fusion devices and in commercial powerplants. These materials must retain adequate structural and electrical properties under conditions of neutron, particle, and ionizing irradiation; thermal and applied stresses; and physical and chemical sputtering. Ceramics such as Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, MgAl/sub 2/O/sub 4/, BeO, Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ and SiC are currently under study for fusion applications, and results to date show widely-varying response to the fusion environment. Materials can be identified today which will meet initial operating requirements, but improvements in physical properties are needed to achieve satisfactory lifetimes for critical applications.

  19. Internship Application Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and Application deadline: November 30, 2014 Submit

  20. Application Process and Eligibility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication Acceleration on Current and Future

  1. Heat Pipes: An Industrial Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, F.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the basics of heat pipe exchangers. Included are how they are constructed, how they operate, where they have application, and various aspects of evaluating a potential application. After discussing the technical aspects of heat...

  2. Transactional Network Platform: Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

  3. Defining a royalty from a South African perspective for the purposes of the South African Income Tax Act and the South African application of its Double Tax Treaty network.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Ryan.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Includes abstract. Inludes bibliographical references. The word “royalty” is used in South Africa’s Income Tax Act No. 58 of 1962 (“ITA”) at various points. Although… (more)

  4. Application of a New Structural Model & Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Technologies Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Relevance of research: Improve exploration technologies for range-hosted geothermal systems:Employ new concept models and apply existing methods in new ways; Breaking geothermal exploration tasks into new steps, segmenting the problem differently; Testing new models for dilatent structures; Utilizing shallow thermal aquifer model to focus exploration; Refining electrical interpretation methods to map shallow conductive featuresIdentifying key faults as fluid conduits; and Employ soil gas surveys to detect volatile elements and gases common to geothermal systems.

  5. Growth of individual carbon nanotubes on an array of TiN/Ni nanodots patterned by e-beam lithography and defined by dry etching for field emission application.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    : Individual vertically aligned carbon nanotubes, Electron-beam lithography, Dry etching, Field emission and uniform electronic emission, cathodes based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) are patternedGrowth of individual carbon nanotubes on an array of TiN/Ni nanodots patterned by e

  6. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS HEALTH COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-HEALTH-2010-single-stage Further copies the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;Theme: HEALTH Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects for Applicants for calls using single-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5

  7. 10 November 1998 Standard Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10 November 1998 Standard Applications Framework for EPICS (SAFE) Steve Lewis (LBNL) Revision 2.0--for EPICS R3.13Beta12-LBL.2 or R3.13.0-LBL.2 1.0 Introduction The Standard Applications Framework for EPICS (SAFE) provides an organized approach for building EPICS applications on a Unix host, include

  8. L-type calcium channels play a crucial role in the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Li [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China); Wang, Yu [Department of Oncology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Oncology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China); Wang, Huan [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China); Kong, Lingmin [Department of Fundamental Medicine, Cell Engineering Research Centre, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Fundamental Medicine, Cell Engineering Research Centre, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China); Zhang, Liang [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China); Chen, Xin [Department of General Dentistry, The 174th Hospital of Chinese PLA, Xiamen 361003 (China)] [Department of General Dentistry, The 174th Hospital of Chinese PLA, Xiamen 361003 (China); Ding, Yin, E-mail: dingyin@fmmu.edu.cn [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)] [Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032 (China)

    2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We detect the functional Ca{sup 2+} currents and mRNA expression of VDCC{sub L} in rMSCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blockage of VDCC{sub L} exert antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on rMSCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Inhibiting VDCC{sub L} can suppress the ability of rMSCs to differentiate into osteoblasts. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {alpha}1C of VDCC{sub L} may be a primary functional subunit in VDCC{sub L}-regulating rMSCs. -- Abstract: L-type voltage-dependent Ca{sup 2+} channels (VDCC{sub L}) play an important role in the maintenance of intracellular calcium homeostasis, and influence multiple cellular processes. They have been confirmed to contribute to the functional activities of osteoblasts. Recently, VDCC{sub L} expression was reported in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but the role of VDCC{sub L} in MSCs is still undetermined. The aim of this study was to determine whether VDCC{sub L} may be regarded as a new regulator in the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat MSC (rMSCs). In this study, we examined functional Ca{sup 2+} currents (I{sub Ca}) and mRNA expression of VDCC{sub L} in rMSCs, and then suppressed VDCC{sub L} using nifedipine (Nif), a VDCC{sub L} blocker, to investigate its role in rMSCs. The proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs were analyzed by MTT, flow cytometry, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alizarin Red S staining, RT-PCR, and real-time PCR assays. We found that Nif exerts antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on rMSCs. ALP activity and mineralized nodules were significantly decreased after Nif treatment. Moreover, the mRNA levels of the osteogenic markers, osteocalcin (OCN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), were also down-regulated. In addition, we transfected {alpha}1C-siRNA into the cells to further confirm the role of VDCC{sub L} in rMSCs, and a similar effect on osteogenesis was found. These results suggest that VDCC{sub L} plays a crucial role in the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rMSCs.

  9. MANAGING BERYLLIUM IN NUCLEAR FACILITY APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Rohe; T. N. Tranter

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beryllium plays important roles in nuclear facilities. Its neutron multiplication capability and low atomic weight make it very useful as a reflector in fission reactors. Its low atomic number and high chemical affinity for oxygen have led to its consideration as a plasma-facing material in fusion reactors. In both applications, the beryllium and the impurities in it become activated by neutrons, transmuting them to radionuclides, some of which are long-lived and difficult to dispose of. Also, gas production, notably helium and tritium, results in swelling, embrittlement, and cracking, which means that the beryllium must be replaced periodically, especially in fission reactors where dimensional tolerances must be maintained. It has long been known that neutron activation of inherent iron and cobalt in the beryllium results in significant {sup 60}Co activity. In 2001, it was discovered that activation of naturally occurring contaminants in the beryllium creates sufficient {sup 14}C and {sup 94}Nb to render the irradiated beryllium 'Greater-Than-Class-C' for disposal in U.S. radioactive waste facilities. It was further found that there was sufficient uranium impurity in beryllium that had been used in fission reactors up to that time that the irradiated beryllium had become transuranic in character, making it even more difficult to dispose of. In this paper we review the extent of the disposal issue, processes that have been investigated or considered for improving the disposability of irradiated beryllium, and approaches for recycling.

  10. Strategy Guideline: Application of a Construction Quality Process to Existing Home Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mallay, D.; Del Bianco, M.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Home Innovation Research Labs developed a construction quality process for new and existing high performance homes (HPH) in which high performance goals are established, specifications to meet those goals are defined, and construction monitoring points are added to the construction schedule so that critical energy efficiency details are systematically reviewed, documented, and tested in a timely manner. This report follows the evolution of the construction quality process from its development for new homes, to its application in the construction of a high performance home with enhanced specifications, and its application in a crawlspace renovation.

  11. An overview of semiconductor bridge, SCB, applications at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickes, R.W. Jr.; Grubelich, M.C.; Harris, S.M.; Merson, J.A.; Weinlein, J.H.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The semiconductor bridge, SCB, developed by Sandia National Laboratories is a maturing technology now being used in several applications by Sandia customers. Most applications arose because of a need at the system level to provide explosive assemblies that were light weight, small volume, low cost and required small quantities of electrical energy to function -- for the purposes of this paper we define an explosive assembly to mean the combination of the firing set and an explosive component. As a result, and because conventional firing systems could not meet the stringent size, weight and energy requirements of our customers, we designed and are investigating SCB applications that range from devices for Sandia applications to igniters for fireworks. We present in this paper an overview of SCB technology with specific examples of the system designed for our customers to meet modern requirements that sophisticated explosive systems must satisfy in today`s market environments.

  12. Mobile Robot Sensing for Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications Amarjeetwith Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications (a)Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications only a

  13. Direct application of geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reistad, G.M.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An overall treatment of direct geothermal applications is presented with an emphasis on the above-ground engineering. The types of geothermal resources and their general extent in the US are described. The potential market that may be served with geothermal energy is considered briefly. The evaluation considerations, special design aspects, and application approaches for geothermal energy use in each of the applications are considered. The present applications in the US are summarized and a bibliography of recent studies and applications is provided. (MHR)

  14. Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

    2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

  15. Factsheets Web Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VIGIL,FRANK; REEDER,ROXANA G.

    2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Factsheets web application was conceived out of the requirement to create, update, publish, and maintain a web site with dynamic research and development (R and D) content. Before creating the site, a requirements discovery process was done in order to accurately capture the purpose and functionality of the site. One of the high priority requirements for the site would be that no specialized training in web page authoring would be necessary. All functions of uploading, creation, and editing of factsheets needed to be accomplished by entering data directly into web form screens generated by the application. Another important requirement of the site was to allow for access to the factsheet web pages and data via the internal Sandia Restricted Network and Sandia Open Network based on the status of the input data. Important to the owners of the web site would be to allow the published factsheets to be accessible to all personnel within the department whether or not the sheets had completed the formal Review and Approval (R and A) process. Once the factsheets had gone through the formal review and approval process, they could then be published both internally and externally based on their individual publication status. An extended requirement and feature of the site would be to provide a keyword search capability to search through the factsheets. Also, since the site currently resides on both the internal and external networks, it would need to be registered with the Sandia search engines in order to allow access to the content of the site by the search engines. To date, all of the above requirements and features have been created and implemented in the Factsheet web application. These have been accomplished by the use of flat text databases, which are discussed in greater detail later in this paper.

  16. Evaluating land application effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarkis, K. (Philadelphia Water Department, PA (USA))

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Philadelphia, PA Water Department embarked on a land application program of its treated wastewater sludge in 1977. Initially, liquid sludge averaging from 1-5% solids was applied to approximately 400 acres of corn, soybeans, and sod at rates sufficient to supply crop nitrogen needs. During the 1978 through 1984 growing seasons, crops and soils were monitored for heavy metals (bioavailability of cadmium, copper, nickel, chromium, lead and zinc) and in 1984 for PCB accumulation. This report summarizes results of the monitoring program until 1984.

  17. Analog computer fundamentals & application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, R.N

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARY ANALOG COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS Rc APPLICATION A Technical RePort by R. N. PATE L submitted to PROD J. H. CADDESS In n art i a 1 fulf i lment of the requi. rements for the degree of MASTER OF ENGINEERING TEXAS A...-linear operation which is necessary on a general purpose computer. A "quarter-square" tech- -nique is used to effect this operation, use being made of the identity: X7 = 'j?'P(?J3 -c~-~)3 The connections shown i. n figure be made to the patch panel...

  18. Passive solar applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive solar applications in buildings are described. The major emphasis of the research has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both various design parameters and the weather on system performance. Results from both test modules and monitored buildings are discussed. Simulation analysis, the development of simplified methods, and systems analysis are outlined. Passive solar potential in China is discussed.

  19. Surety applications in transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matalucci, R.V.; Miyoshi, D.S.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrastructure surety can make a valuable contribution to the transportation engineering industry. The lessons learned at Sandia National Laboratories in developing surety principles and technologies for the nuclear weapons complex and the nuclear power industry hold direct applications to the safety, security, and reliability of the critical infrastructure. This presentation introduces the concepts of infrastructure surety, including identification of the normal, abnormal, and malevolent threats to the transportation infrastructure. National problems are identified and examples of failures and successes in response to environmental loads and other structural and systemic vulnerabilities are presented. The infrastructure surety principles developed at Sandia National Laboratories are described. Currently available technologies including (a) three-dimensional computer-assisted drawing packages interactively combined with virtual reality systems, (b) the complex calculational and computational modeling and code-coupling capabilities associated with the new generation of supercomputers, and (c) risk-management methodologies with application to solving the national problems associated with threats to the critical transportation infrastructure are discussed.

  20. Land application of sludge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, A.L.; Logan, T.J.; Ryan, J.A. (eds.)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is the proceedings of a workshop held in Las Vegas, NV in 1985 entitled Effects of Sewage Sludge Quality and Soil Properties on Plant Uptake of Sludge-Applied Trace Constituents. The workshop was in response to the need to utilize the most current available information in the development of regulations and criteria to safely apply and manage the land application of municipal sewage sludge. The participants were undoubtedly the most knowledgeable of this subject matter, and were divided into five separate but related task groups. The groups addressed the following sludge-related topics: (1) role of soil properties on accumulation of trace element by crops; (2) role of sludge properties on accumulation of trace elements by crops; (3) influence of long-term application on accumulation of trace elements by crops; (4) transfer of trace elements to the food chain, and (5) effects of trace organics in agroecosystems and their risk assessment to humans. The text, therefore, parallels those of the results of the task groups. The five main chapters followed a similar format, i.e., having an introduction section, a comprehensive literature review, discussion of recent and current data, and synthesis of the most relevant information.

  1. Applications for Certification (Contracting) | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Contracting) Applications for Certification (Contracting) Application FAC-C Level I.pdf Application FAC-C Level II.pdf Application FAC-C Level III.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  2. Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Design and optimization of TE exhaust generator,...

  3. Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications in Biotechnology. Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications in Biotechnology. Abstract: Graphene...

  4. Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freihaut, Jim

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mid Atlantic Clean Energy Application Center (MACEAC), managed by The Penn State College of Engineering, serves the six states in the Mid-Atlantic region (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia) plus the District of Columbia. The goals of the Mid-Atlantic CEAC are to promote the adoption of Combined Heat and Power (CHP), Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) and District Energy Systems (DES) in the Mid Atlantic area through education and technical support to more than 1,200 regional industry and government representatives in the region. The successful promotion of these technologies by the MACEAC was accomplished through the following efforts; (1)The MACEAC developed a series of technology transfer networks with State energy and environmental offices, Association of Energy Engineers local chapters, local community development organizations, utilities and, Penn State Department of Architectural Engineering alumni and their firms to effectively educate local practitioners about the energy utilization, environmental and economic advantages of CHP, WHR and DES; (2) Completed assessments of the regional technical and market potential for CHP, WHR and DE technologies application in the context of state specific energy prices, state energy and efficiency portfolio development. The studies were completed for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland and included a set of incentive adoption probability models used as a to guide during implementation discussions with State energy policy makers; (3) Using the technical and market assessments and adoption incentive models, the Mid Atlantic CEAC developed regional strategic action plans for the promotion of CHP Application technology for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland; (4) The CHP market assessment and incentive adoption model information was discussed, on a continuing basis, with relevant state agencies, policy makers and Public Utility Commission organizations resulting in CHP favorable incentive programs in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware; (5) Developed and maintained a MACEAC website to provide technical information and regional CHP, WHR and DE case studies and site profiles for use by interested stakeholders in information transfer and policy discussions; (6) Provided Technical Assistance through feasibility studies and on site evaluations. The MACEAC completed 28 technical evaluations and 9 Level 1 CHP analyses ; and (7) the MACEAC provided Technical Education to the region through a series of 29 workshops and webinars, 37 technical presentations, 14 seminars and participation in 13 CHP conferences.

  5. Kazakhstan receiving acreage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan is receiving applications for exploration and development rights to large tracts in the central and eastern parts of the republic. The program is part of a country-wide effort to attract more foreign investigators to help underwrite massive industrial privatization aimed at revitalizing Kazakhstan's economy. A delegation of Kazakh officials visited Houston the last week in November to publicize petroleum opportunities in the republic and appeared Dec. 1--2 at a conference to present an overview of Kazakhstan's petroleum prospectivity. Officials also reviewed recently approved legal, financial, and environmental legislation intended to improve the attractiveness of investing in Kazakhstan's energy sector. This paper discusses the status of development, gives a geologic overview, and highlights the geology of the South Torgay and Teniz basins.

  6. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  7. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  8. Applications -- Science and Engineering Submissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization Online An E-Print Site for the Optimization Community. Applications -- Science and Engineering submissions; 2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 ...

  9. Grant Application Package CFDA Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    Grant Application Package CFDA Number: Opportunity Title: Offering Agency: Agency Contact: Opportunity Open Date: Opportunity Close Date: CFDA Description: Opportunity Number: Competition ID

  10. Recent developments in drill-stem test interpretation useful to explorationists in tight gas sand plays and in identifying reservoirs with linear geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, H.W.; Davis, T.B.; Alexander, L.G.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two major areas of recent development in drill-stem testing are of particular interest to geologists. The first is the use of closed chamber DST's to evaluate the very tight gas sands currently under intense exploration in areas such as Alberta's Deep basin and various intermontane basins in the US Rocky Mountain province. Field examples from the Deep basin of Alberta are shown together with results after completion. Other applications are shown. The second development is the use of DST data to identify reservoirs with linear flow geometry. Geologic situations where flow into the well bore during a test can be considered linear rather than truly radial include long narrow reservoirs with parallel boundaries such as channel sands, zones bounded by parallel sealing-fault boundaries, or naturally fractured reservoirs where an open fracture intersects the well bore.

  11. Laboratory tests of IEC DER object models for grid applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blevins, John D. (PE Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ); Menicucci, David F.; Byrd, Thomas, Jr. (,; .); Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ginn, Jerry W.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan (Primecore, Inc.)

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP) and Sandia National Laboratories to jointly develop advanced methods of controlling distributed energy resources (DERs) that may be located within SRP distribution systems. The controls must provide a standardized interface to allow plug-and-play capability and should allow utilities to take advantage of advanced capabilities of DERs to provide a value beyond offsetting load power. To do this, Sandia and SRP field-tested the IEC 61850-7-420 DER object model (OM) in a grid environment, with the goal of validating whether the model is robust enough to be used in common utility applications. The diesel generator OM tested was successfully used to accomplish basic genset control and monitoring. However, as presently constituted it does not enable plug-and-play functionality. Suggestions are made of aspects of the standard that need further development and testing. These problems are far from insurmountable and do not imply anything fundamentally unsound or unworkable in the standard.

  12. Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michor, Peter W.

    Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description Several lines of investigation. Approximations procedures on regular Fr´echet Lie groups aiming towards solving certain non-linear partial differential equations. We want to apply a new approximation procedure to nonlinear partial differential

  13. Application: U.S. Educated Lawyers* Application Deadlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    ) March 1 ­ Fall Semester (August) A complete application includes: Application Official law school statement that serves as a writing sample and states the reason for pursing an advanced law degree Questions? llm@uh.edu Graduate Legal Studies Phone: 713-743-2890 100 Law Center Houston, Tx. 77204

  14. SU-E-J-119: What Effect Have the Volume Defined in the Alignment Clipbox for Cervical Cancer Using Automatic Registration Methods for Cone- Beam CT Verification?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, W; Yang, H; Wang, Y; Jia, H; Xie, Y [Taizhou Hospital, Wenzhou Medical College, Taizhou, Zhejiang (China)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the impact of different clipbox volumes with automated registration techniques using commercially available software with on board volumetric imaging(OBI) for treatment verification in cervical cancer patients. Methods: Fifty cervical cancer patients received daily CBCT scans(on-board imaging v1.5 system, Varian Medical Systems) during the first treatment week and weekly thereafter were included this analysis. A total of 450 CBCT scans were registered to the planning CTscan using pelvic clipbox(clipbox-Pelvic) and around PTV clip box(clipbox- PTV). The translations(anterior-posterior, left-right, superior-inferior) and the rotations(yaw, pitch and roll) errors for each matches were recorded. The setup errors and the systematic and random errors for both of the clip-boxes were calculated. Paired Samples t test was used to analysis the differences between clipbox-Pelvic and clipbox-PTV. Results: . The SD of systematic error(?) was 1.0mm, 2.0mm,3.2mm and 1.9mm,2.3mm, 3.0mm in the AP, LR and SI directions for clipbox-Pelvic and clipbox-PTV, respectively. The average random error(?)was 1.7mm, 2.0mm,4.2mm and 1.7mm,3.4mm, 4.4mm in the AP, LR and SI directions for clipbox-Pelvic and clipbox-PTV, respectively. But, only the SI direction was acquired significantly differences between two image registration volumes(p=0.002,p=0.01 for mean and SD). For rotations, the yaw mean/SD and the pitch SD were acquired significantly differences between clipbox-Pelvic and clipbox-PTV. Conclusion: The defined volume for Image registration is important for cervical cancer when 3D/3D match was used. The alignment clipbox can effect the setup errors obtained. Further analysis is need to determine the optimal defined volume to use the image registration in cervical cancer. Conflict of interest: none.

  15. Techniques For Microfabricating Coils For Microelectromechanical Systems Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woods, R. C. [Louisiana State University, 102A Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, South Campus Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-5901 (United States); Powell, A. L. [University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN (United Kingdom)

    2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The advanced technology necessary for building future space exploration vehicles includes microfabricated coils for making possible self-inductances integrated with other passive and active electronic components. Integrated inductances make possible significant improvements in reliability over the traditional arrangement of using external discrete inductances, as well as allowing significant size (volume) reductions (also important in space vehicles). Two possible fabrication techniques (one using proprietary branded 'Foturan' glass, the other using silicon wafer substrates) for microscopic coils are proposed, using electroplating into channels. The techniques have been evaluated for fabricating the planar electrical coils needed for typical microelectromechanical systems applications. There remain problems associated with processing using 'Foturan' glass, but coil fabrication on silicon wafers was successful. Fabrication methods such as these are expected to play an important part in the development of systems and subsystems for forthcoming space exploration missions.

  16. Microcomputer applications of, and modifications to, the modular fault trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, T.L.; Graves, N.L.; Payne, A.C. Jr.; Whitehead, D.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LaSalle Probabilistic Risk Assessment was the first major application of the modular logic fault trees after the IREP program. In the process of performing the analysis, many errors were discovered in the fault tree modules that led to difficulties in combining the modules to form the final system fault trees. These errors are corrected in the revised modules listed in this report. In addition, the application of the modules in terms of editing them and forming them into the system fault trees was inefficient. Originally, the editing had to be done line by line and no error checking was performed by the computer. This led to many typos and other logic errors in the construction of the modular fault tree files. Two programs were written to help alleviate this problem: (1) MODEDIT - This program allows an operator to retrieve a file for editing, edit the file for the plant specific application, perform some general error checking while the file is being modified, and store the file for later use, and (2) INDEX - This program checks that the modules that are supposed to form one fault tree all link up appropriately before the files are,loaded onto the mainframe computer. Lastly, the modules were not designed for relay type logic common in BWR designs but for solid state type logic. Some additional modules were defined for modeling relay logic, and an explanation and example of their use are included in this report.

  17. Plasma Synthesis of Nanoparticles for Nanocomposite Energy Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter C. Kong; Alex W. Kawczak

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nanocomposite energy applications for plasma reactor produced nanoparticles are reviewed. Nanoparticles are commonly defined as particles less than 100 nm in diameter. Due to this small size, nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio. This increases the surface energy compared to the bulk material. The high surface-to-volume ratio and size effects (quantum effects) give nanoparticles distinctive chemical, electronic, optical, magnetic and mechanical properties from those of the bulk material. Nanoparticles synthesis can be grouped into 3 broad approaches. The first one is wet phase synthesis (sol-gel processing), the second is mechanical attrition, and the third is gas-phase synthesis (aerosol). The properties of the final product may differ significantly depending on the fabrication route. Currently, there are no economical large-scale production processes for nanoparticles. This hinders the widespread applications of nanomaterials in products. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is engaging in research and development of advanced modular hybrid plasma reactors for low cost production of nanoparticles that is predicted to accelerate application research and enable the formation of technology innovation alliances that will result in the commercial production of nanocomposites for alternative energy production devices such as fuel cells, photovoltaics and electrochemical double layer capacitors.

  18. Got Sleep? : Mobile phone application to improve sleep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Also, playfulness can be also the important factor in the system. Gamification has been considered

  19. Results concerning the use of seismic and well log data for defining the geological model of the productive structures on the Romanian Continental Shelf of the Black Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babskow, A.; Baleanu, I.; Popa, D. [Institute for Research and Technology, Prahova (Romania)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contribution of the 3D seismics on the East-Lebada Structure of the Romanian Continental Shelf of the Black Sea, together with the complex well logging have led to the improvement of the reservoir geological model. The interpretation has been performed on 3d seismic profiles. Time migrated profiles were interpreted, by means of the program system OASIIS. The acoustic logging data were used for calibration, in order to identify the reflections corresponding to the geological boundary. By means of these reflections on the seismic profiles, the adequate geological model has been defined. A system of tectonic accidents which were not known till now were rendered evident. The interpretation of the complex well loggings, through the Well Log Analysis Program System - Express - allowed to determine the petrophysical-petrographical parameters necessary for reservoir evaluation, in correlation with core analysis. Thus, four horizons corresponding to the Albian age with favorable collector properties were rendered evident, in alternance with unfavorable collector properties zones. The well logs, performed at different time periods and with different tools were corrected and standardized for the well environment conditions and, depending on the logging program, different program modules were used to obtain the most adequate results. The parameter averaging performed by zones, for each well, together with the image furnished by the seismic data, allowed us to build the final geometrical and isoparametric model of the reservoir, used for further reservoir simulation. Based on the results obtained, the analysis was extended to West-Lebada Structure.

  20. Development of a methodology for defining whole-building energy design targets for commercial buildings: Phase 2, Development concept stage report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, J.W. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA (USA)); Deringer, J.J. (American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC (USA)); McKay, H.N. (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New York, NY (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1985, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has managed the Whole-Building Energy Design Targets project for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Building Technologies (formerly the Office of Buildings and Community Systems). The primary focus of the Targets project is to develop a flexible methodology for buildings industry use in setting energy performance guidelines for commercial buildings and for determining compliance with those guidelines. The project is being conducted as a two-phase effort. In Phase 1, Planning, the project team determined the research that was necessary for developing the Targets methodology. In the concept stage of Phase 2, Development, the team sought to define the technical and software development concepts upon which the overall Targets methodology will be based. The concept stage work is documented in four volumes, of which this summary volume is the first. The three other volumes are Volume 2: Technical Concept Development Task Reports, Volume 3: Workshop Summaries, and Volume 4: Software Concept Development Task Reports. 8 refs., 14 figs.

  1. Development of a methodology for defining whole-building energy design targets for commercial buildings: Phase 2, Development Concept Stage Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deringer, J.J. (American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC (USA)); Hall, J.D. (Deringer Group, Riva, MD (USA)); Jones, J.W. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., New York, NY (USA)); McKay, H.N. (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New York, NY (USA)); Alley, P.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary focus of the Whole-Building Energy Design Targets project is to develop a flexible methodology for setting target guidelines with which to assess energy efficiency in commercial building design. The proposed methodology has several innovative features. In this report, the authors document their work to define the software development concepts upon which the overall Targets methodology will be based. Three task reports are included here. Development of the user interface--that critical connection through which the human end-user (architect, engineer, planner, owner) will apply the methodology--is described in Section 2. In Section 3, the use of the software engineering process in Targets model development efforts is described. Section 4 provides details on the data and system integration task, in which interactions between and among all the major components, termed modules, of the Targets model were examined to determine how to put them together to create a methodology that is effective and easy to use. 4 refs., 26 figs.

  2. STUDENT HEARING BOARD 20132014 APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD 2013­2014 APPLICATION INTEGRITY,CIVILITY,&CONDUCT:FOSTERINGASAFECAMPUSCOMMUNITY #12;UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD I 2013­2014 APPLICATION To serve the UMBC community and the individual student by specifying behavioral standards, and by establishing a fair and efficient process

  3. STUDENT HEARING BOARD 20122013 APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD 2012­2013 APPLICATION INTEGRITY,CIVILITY,&CONDUCT:FOSTERINGASAFECAMPUSCOMMUNITY #12;UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD I 2012­2013 APPLICATION To serve the UMBC community and the individual student by specifying behavioral standards, and by establishing a fair and efficient process

  4. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA Further copies of this Guide-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA i-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5) is common to all such calls. Information

  5. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS HEALTH COLLABORATIVE PROJECT Call identifier: FP7-HEALTH-2010-Alternative: Collaborative projects FP7-HEALTH-2010-Alternative-Testing i About this Guide This is version number 4 of the FP7 Guide for Applicants for calls using single-stage submission procedures. The main part

  6. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-Mexico Further copies the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP using single-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5) is common to all

  7. FieldOffice Project # Applicant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 47702 B212 Stirling Energy Systems, Inc. Solar Three 11/15/06 5,994 MUC: Limited & Moderate MILITARY: RED 914 Solar: pending solar thermal Near Pisgah North of I-40 T s Proposed (Mw) Project Type Geographic Area Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 49357 First Solar

  8. REPORT ON THE APPLICANT The Report on the Applicant (Referee Letter) is a critical part of the NSERC application.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    REPORT ON THE APPLICANT · The Report on the Applicant (Referee Letter) is a critical part of the NSERC application. · Two are required for each application. · The report cannot be completed% Communication, Interpersonal and Leadership Abilities 20% 20% NSERC ­ Report on Applicant (Referee Report) 1 #12

  9. The Component-Based Application for GAMESS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang Peng

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GAMESS, a quantum chetnistry program for electronic structure calculations, has been freely shared by high-performance application scientists for over twenty years. It provides a rich set of functionalities and can be run on a variety of parallel platforms through a distributed data interface. While a chemistry computation is sophisticated and hard to develop, the resource sharing among different chemistry packages will accelerate the development of new computations and encourage the cooperation of scientists from universities and laboratories. Common Component Architecture (CCA) offers an enviromnent that allows scientific packages to dynamically interact with each other through components, which enable dynamic coupling of GAMESS with other chetnistry packages, such as MPQC and NWChem. Conceptually, a cotnputation can be constructed with "plug-and-play" components from scientific packages and require more than componentizing functions/subroutines of interest, especially for large-scale scientific packages with a long development history. In this research, we present our efforts to construct cotnponents for GAMESS that conform to the CCA specification. The goal is to enable the fine-grained interoperability between three quantum chemistry programs, GAMESS, MPQC and NWChem, via components. We focus on one of the three packages, GAMESS; delineate the structure of GAMESS computations, followed by our approaches to its component development. Then we use GAMESS as the driver to interoperate integral components from the other tw"o packages, arid show the solutions for interoperability problems along with preliminary results. To justify the versatility of the design, the Tuning and Analysis Utility (TAU) components have been coupled with GAMESS and its components, so that the performance of GAMESS and its components may be analyzed for a wide range of systetn parameters.

  10. Low Order-Value Optimization and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 24, 2005 ... Figure 1: Finding patterns of protein folding with LOVO. Given p ? {1,...,r}, this set of functions defines a LOVO problem (1) for which algorithms ...

  11. A Scenario-Based Mobile Application for Robot-Assisted Smart Digital Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manashty, Ali Reza; Jahromi, Zahra Forootan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart homes are becoming more popular, as every day a new home appliance can be digitally controlled. Smart Digital Homes are using a server to make interaction with all the possible devices in one place, on a computer or webpage. In this paper we designed and implemented a mobile application using Windows Mobile platform that can connect to the controlling server of a Smart Home and grants the access to the Smart Home devices and robots everywhere possible. UML diagrams are presented to illustrate the application design process. Robots are also considered as devices that are able to interact to other object and devices. Scenarios are defined as a set of sequential actions to help manage different tasks all in one place. The mobile application can connect to the server using GPRS mobile internet and Short Message System (SMS). Interactive home map is also designed for easier status-checking and interacting with the devices using the mobile phones.

  12. Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence for Safeguards Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludewigt, Bernhard A; Quiter, Brian J; Ambers, Scott D

    2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) measurements, resonances are excited by an external photon beam leading to the emission of {gamma} rays with specific energies that are characteristic of the emitting isotope. The promise of NRF as a non-destructive analysis technique (NDA) in safeguards applications lies in its potential to directly quantify a specific isotope in an assay target without the need for unfolding the combined responses of several fissile isotopes as often required by other NDA methods. The use of NRF for detection of sensitive nuclear materials and other contraband has been researched in the past. In the safeguards applications considered here one has to go beyond mere detection and precisely quantify the isotopic content, a challenge that is discussed throughout this report. Basic NRF measurement methods, instrumentation, and the analytical calculation of NRF signal strengths are described in Section 2. Well understood modeling and simulation tools are needed for assessing the potential of NRF for safeguards and for designing measurement systems. All our simulations were performed with the radiation transport code MCNPX, a code that is widely used in the safeguards community. Our initial studies showed that MCNPX grossly underestimated the elastically scattered background at backwards angles due to an incorrect treatment of Rayleigh scattering. While new, corrected calculations based on ENDF form factors showed much better agreement with experimental data for the elastic scattering of photons on an uranium target, the elastic backscatter is still not rigorously treated. Photonuclear scattering processes (nuclear Thomson, Delbruck and Giant Dipole Resonance scattering), which are expected to play an important role at higher energies, are not yet included. These missing elastic scattering contributions were studied and their importance evaluated evaluated against data found in the literature as discussed in Section 3. A transmission experiment was performed in September 2009 to test and demonstrate the applicability of the method to the quantitative measurement of an isotope of interest embedded in a thick target. The experiment, data analysis, and results are described in Section 4. The broad goal of our NRF studies is to assess the potential of the technique in safeguards applications. Three examples are analyzed in Section 5: the isotopic assay of spent nuclear fuel (SNF), the measurement of {sup 235}U enrichment in UF{sub 6} cylinders, and the determination of {sup 239}Pu in mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The study of NRF for the assay of SNF assemblies was supported by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) of the U.S. Department of Energy as part of a large multi-lab/university effort to quantify the plutonium (Pu) mass in spent nuclear fuel assemblies and to detect the diversion of pins with non-destructive assay (NDA) methods. NRF is one of 14 NDA techniques being researched. The methodology for performing and analyzing quantitative NRF measurements was developed for determining Pu mass in SNF and is extensively discussed in this report. The same methodology was applied to the assessment of NRF for the measurement of {sup 235}U enrichment and the determination of {sup 239}Pu in MOX fuel. The analysis centers on determining suitable NRF measurement methods, measurement capabilities that could be realized with currently available instrumentation, and photon source and detector requirements for achieving useful NDA capabilities.

  13. APPLICATION OF NEURAL NETWORK ALGORITHMS FOR BPM LINEARIZATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Musson, John C. [JLAB; Seaton, Chad [JLAB; Spata, Mike F. [JLAB; Yan, Jianxun [JLAB

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stripline BPM sensors contain inherent non-linearities, as a result of field distortions from the pickup elements. Many methods have been devised to facilitate corrections, often employing polynomial fitting. The cost of computation makes real-time correction difficult, particulalry when integer math is utilized. The application of neural-network technology, particularly the multi-layer perceptron algorithm, is proposed as an efficient alternative for electrode linearization. A process of supervised learning is initially used to determine the weighting coefficients, which are subsequently applied to the incoming electrode data. A non-linear layer, known as an ?activation layer,? is responsible for the removal of saturation effects. Implementation of a perceptron in an FPGA-based software-defined radio (SDR) is presented, along with performance comparisons. In addition, efficient calculation of the sigmoidal activation function via the CORDIC algorithm is presented.

  14. Dispersion measurement as a method of quantifying geologic characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity. Annual report, July 12, 1990--September 12, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menzie, D.E.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since reservoirs are heterogeneous, nonuniform, and anisotropic, the success or failure of many enhanced oil recovery techniques rests on our prediction of internal variability and the paths of fluid flow in the reservoir. The main objective of this project is to develop a greater understanding of reservoir heterogeneities through dispersion measurement. In this annual report, an approach to ways to estimate the dispersivities of reservoir rocks from well logs is presented. From a series of rock property measurements and dispersion tests the following studies have been made: A measure of rock heterogeneity is developed by using the effluent concentration at one pore volume injection in a matched viscosity miscible displacement. By this approach, a heterogeneity factor is determined from the measured S-shaped dispersion curve. The parameter f in the Coats-Smith capacitance model is redefined as the dispersion fraction f{sub d} (or mechanical mixing fraction). At the f{sub d} pore volume injection, the dynamic miscible displacement efficiency reaches maximum. Reflected on the dispersion curve, this number corresponds to the peak of the first derivative of concentration. With the concept of dispersion fraction, a unique solution to the capacitance model is obtained, and then an equivalent dispersivity is defined. Through experimental data on Berea and Brown sandstone samples, it has been found that the equivalent dispersivity is an exponential function of the heterogeneity factor and can be used as a reservoir characteristic. Through a key parameter of tortuosity, dispersivity is related to rock petrophysical properties. This semi-theoretical relationship forms the basis for determining dispersivities from well logs. The approach is validated through experimental studies on Berea and Brown sandstone samples. It has been found that the equivalent dispersivity is an exponential function of the heterogeneity factor and can be used as a reservoir characteristic.

  15. Application for Graduate Admission Supplementary Application Advanced Engineering Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    061) Nuclear Engineering (online) (Z050) Project Management (Z063) Project Management (online) (Z040) Materials Science and Engineering (PMMS) Mechanical Engineering (PMME) Nuclear Engineering (online) (MENUApplication for Graduate Admission Supplementary Application ­ Advanced Engineering Programs Please

  16. Process safety management (OSHA) and process risk management (CAA) application. Application to a coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graeser, W.C.; Mentzer, W.P.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk Management Programs for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention is the name of the proposed rule for the RMP Risk Management Program. The RMP was written in response to several catastrophic releases of hazardous substances. The rule is applicable to facilities that store, process or use greater than threshold quantities of 62 listed flammable chemicals and another 100 listed toxic substances. Additionally, a Risk Management Plan is registered with the EPA, Chemical Safety and Hazardous Investigation Board, state governments and the local emergency planning commission. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (specifically Section 112r) required the EPA to develop a three phase Risk Management Plan for industry: prevention program; hazard assessment; and emergency response program. The Prevention Program closely follows the OSHA`s Process Safety Management Standard. The Hazard Assessment section requires facilities to develop plans for a worst case scenario. The Emergency Response section defines the steps the facility and each employee will take if a release occurs. This section also needs to be coordinated with the Local Emergency Planning Commission. These regulations are described using Clairton Works as an example of compliance.

  17. Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications in 2012 for Megawatt+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications in 2012 for Megawatt+ Heatpumps within a technical, commercial and sustainable framework Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications Emerson Climate Technologies Core Offerings & Key Brands Residential Heating & Air Conditioning Commercial

  18. Inversion of Gravity Data to Define the Pre-Cenozoic Surface and Regional Structures Possibly Influencing Groundwater Flow in the Rainier Mesa Region, Nye County, Nevada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas G. Hildenbrand; Geoffrey A. Phelps; Edward A. Mankinen

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A three-dimensional inversion of gravity data from the Rainier Mesa area and surrounding regions reveals a topographically complex pre-Cenozoic basement surface. This model of the depth to pre-Cenozoic basement rocks is intended for use in a 3D hydrogeologic model being constructed for the Rainier Mesa area. Prior to this study, our knowledge of the depth to pre-Cenozoic basement rocks was based on a regional model, applicable to general studies of the greater Nevada Test Site area but inappropriate for higher resolution modeling of ground-water flow across the Rainier Mesa area. The new model incorporates several changes that lead to significant improvements over the previous regional view. First, the addition of constraining wells, encountering old volcanic rocks lying above but near pre-Cenozoic basement, prevents modeled basement from being too shallow. Second, an extensive literature and well data search has led to an increased understanding of the change of rock density with depth in the vicinity of Rainier Mesa. The third, and most important change, relates to the application of several depth-density relationships in the study area instead of a single generalized relationship, thereby improving the overall model fit. In general, the pre-Cenozoic basement surface deepens in the western part of the study area, delineating collapses within the Silent Canyon and Timber Mountain caldera complexes, and shallows in the east in the Eleana Range and Yucca Flat regions, where basement crops out. In the Rainier Mesa study area, basement is generally shallow (< 1 km). The new model identifies previously unrecognized structures within the pre-Cenozoic basement that may influence ground-water flow, such as a shallow basement ridge related to an inferred fault extending northward from Rainier Mesa into Kawich Valley.

  19. Abstract -With its rich physical properties, the novel 2-D carbon-based material graphene is expected to play an important role in the advancement of semiconductor technologies. In a recent poll conducted by the International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    -based material graphene is expected to play an important role in the advancement of semiconductor technologies. In a recent poll conducted by the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS), graphene-dimensional material, graphene has a limited phase space for scattering of electrons; hence, the electrons in graphene

  20. Assessment of microelectronics packaging for high temperature, high reliability applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uribe, F.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details characterization and development activities in electronic packaging for high temperature applications. This project was conducted through a Department of Energy sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors. Even though the target application of this collaborative effort is an automotive electronic throttle control system which would be located in the engine compartment, results of this work are directly applicable to Sandia`s national security mission. The component count associated with the throttle control dictates the use of high density packaging not offered by conventional surface mount. An enabling packaging technology was selected and thermal models defined which characterized the thermal and mechanical response of the throttle control module. These models were used to optimize thick film multichip module design, characterize the thermal signatures of the electronic components inside the module, and to determine the temperature field and resulting thermal stresses under conditions that may be encountered during the operational life of the throttle control module. Because the need to use unpackaged devices limits the level of testing that can be performed either at the wafer level or as individual dice, an approach to assure a high level of reliability of the unpackaged components was formulated. Component assembly and interconnect technologies were also evaluated and characterized for high temperature applications. Electrical, mechanical and chemical characterizations of enabling die and component attach technologies were performed. Additionally, studies were conducted to assess the performance and reliability of gold and aluminum wire bonding to thick film conductor inks. Kinetic models were developed and validated to estimate wire bond reliability.

  1. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di the selection of the correct paradigm for a given distributed application. Keywords Mobile code, design with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

  2. Eigenmode analysis for turbomachinery applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, Mike

    Eigenmode analysis for turbomachinery applications Pierre Moinier , Michael B. Giles Oxford-processing and for the construction of non-reflecting boundary conditions. Introduction Turbomachinery flows are approximately time

  3. Applications of Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Glen A.; Detwiler, Rebecca S.; Peplowski, Patrick N.

    2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF) has the potential of addressing a wide variety of applications, which require isotopic and/or elemental information about a sample. We have investigated a variety of non-proliferation applications that may be addressed by NRF. From these applications, we have selected two, measuring uranium enrichment in UF6 cylinders and material verification in dismantlement, to investigate in more detail. Analytical models have been developed to evaluate these applications, and test measurements have been conducted to validate those models. We found that it is unlikely with current technology to address the requirements for UF6 cylinder enrichment measurements. In contrast, NRF is a very promising approach for material verification for dismantlement.

  4. Sensor applications of carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushfeldt, Scott I

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search of published research on sensing mechanisms of carbon nanotubes was performed to identify applications in which carbon nanotubes might improve on current sensor technologies, in either offering improved performance, ...

  5. Microelectromechanical systems for biomimetical application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latif, Rhonira

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of adaptive micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device in biologically-inspired cochlear model (cochlear biomodel) has been seen as a preferable approach to mimic closely the human cochlear response. ...

  6. NSED INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    NSED INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information: Name) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Internship Specifics: Have you made or do you plan to make arrangements to receive academic credit for your internship at the Florida Program for Shark Research? Yes___ No___ Requested Dates of Internship (Specific

  7. ISAF INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    ISAF INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information: Name) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Internship Specifics: Have you made or do you plan to make arrangements to receive academic credit for your internship at the Florida Program for Shark Research? Yes___ No___ Requested Dates of Internship (Specific

  8. Calibrating Pesticide Application Ground Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Bryan W.

    2000-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This pocket-sized guide gives step-by-step instructions for calibrating ground sprayers. Tables provide instructions, examples and sample formulas for determining speed of application, flow rate and the amount of pesticide to add to the tank....

  9. Graduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, John

    Graduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application REGISTRAR'S OFFICE University of Cincinnati PO Box Kentucky counties are able to attend UC at an established metropolitan tuition rate. Non Kentucky residency, these students are not eligible for the graduate metropolitan rate. Kentucky counties

  10. Vortex Characterization for Engineering Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jankun-Kelly, M; Thompson, D S; Jiang, M; Shannahan, B; Machiraju, R

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Realistic engineering simulation data often have features that are not optimally resolved due to practical limitations on mesh resolution. To be useful to application engineers, vortex characterization techniques must be sufficiently robust to handle realistic data with complex vortex topologies. In this paper, we present enhancements to the vortex topology identification component of an existing vortex characterization algorithm. The modified techniques are demonstrated by application to three realistic data sets that illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of our approach.

  11. Localization of eigenvalues with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiegel, Charlotte Nyquist de

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LOCALIZATION OF EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975... Major Subject: Mathematics LOCALIZATION OP EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Approved as to style and content by: ca% (Head of Department) gr (Member (Memb a (g December 1975 AB STRACT Localization...

  12. Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines November...

  13. IT Specialist (Systems Analysis/Applications Software)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The incumbent in this position will serve as a Senior IT Specialist (Systems Analysis/Applications Support) and Technical Lead in the Enterprise Applications Support organization of Software...

  14. Application of risk-based methods to inservice inspection of piping systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Closky, N.B.; Balkey, K.R. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Oswald, E.; West, R. [Northeast Utilities, Hartford, CT (United States)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research efforts have been underway in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and industry to define appropriate methods for the application of risk-based technology in the development of inservice inspection (ISI) programs for piping systems in nuclear power plants. This paper discusses a pilot application of these methods to the inservice inspection of piping systems of Northeast Utilities Millstone Unit 3 nuclear power station. This demonstration study, which has been sponsored by the Westinghouse Owners Group (WOG), applies probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) models that have already been developed to meet regulatory requirements for an individual plant examination (IPE). The approach calculates the relative importance for each component within the systems of interest. This risk-importance is based on the frequency of core damage resulting from the structural failure of the component. The process inductively determines the effects that such failures have on the desired operational characteristics of the system being analyzed. Structural reliability/risk assessment (SRRA) models based on probabilistic structural mechanics methods are used to estimate failure probabilities for important components. Locations within a system with varying failure probabilities can be defined to focus ISI resources. This paper will discuss the above process and results to show that application of risk-based methods in the development of ISI programs can potentially result in significant savings while maintaining a high level of safety.

  15. Applications for cyber security - System and application monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marron, J. E. [Invensys Process Systems, 33 Commercial Street, Foxboro, MA 02035 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Standard network security measures are adequate for defense against external attacks. However, many experts agree that the greater threat is from internal sources. Insiders with malicious intentions can change controller instructions, change alarm thresholds, and issue commands to equipment which can damage equipment and compromise control system integrity. In addition to strict physical security the state of the system must be continually monitored. System and application monitoring goes beyond the capabilities of network security appliances. It will include active processes, operating system services, files, network adapters and IP addresses. The generation of alarms is a crucial feature of system and application monitoring. The alarms should be integrated to avoid the burden on operators of checking multiple locations for security violations. Tools for system and application monitoring include commercial software, free software, and ad-hoc tools that can be easily created. System and application monitoring is part of a 'defense-in-depth' approach to a control network security plan. Layered security measures prevent an individual security measure failure from being exploited into a successful security breach. Alarming of individual failures is essential for rapid isolation and correction of single failures. System and application monitoring is the innermost layer of this defense strategy. (authors)

  16. Initial Coupling of the RELAP-7 and PRONGHORN Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Ortensi; D. Andrs; A.A. Bingham; R.C. Martineau; J.W. Peterson

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern nuclear reactor safety codes require the ability to solve detailed coupled neutronic- thermal fluids problems. For larger cores, this implies fully coupled higher dimensionality spatial dynamics with appropriate feedback models that can provide enough resolution to accurately compute core heat generation and removal during steady and unsteady conditions. The reactor analysis code PRONGHORN is being coupled to RELAP-7 as a first step to extend RELAP’s current capabilities. This report details the mathematical models, the type of coupling, and the testing results from the integrated system. RELAP-7 is a MOOSE-based application that solves the continuity, momentum, and energy equations in 1-D for a compressible fluid. The pipe and joint capabilities enable it to model parts of the power conversion unit. The PRONGHORN application, also developed on the MOOSE infrastructure, solves the coupled equations that define the neutron diffusion, fluid flow, and heat transfer in a full core model. The two systems are loosely coupled to simplify the transition towards a more complex infrastructure. The integration is tested on a simplified version of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 Coupled Neutronics-Thermal Fluids benchmark model.

  17. MCNPX-PoliMi for Nuclear Nonproliferation Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. A. Pozzi; S. D. Clarke; W. Walsh; E. C. Miller; J. Dolan; M. Flaska; B. M. Wieger; A. Enqvist; E. Padovani; J. K. Mattingly; D. L. Chichester; P. Peerani

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past few years, efforts to develop new measurement systems to support nuclear nonproliferation and homeland security have increased substantially. Monte Carlo radiation transport is one of the simulation methods of choice for the analysis of data from existing systems and for the design of new measurement systems; it allows for accurate description of geometries, detailed modeling of particle-nucleus interactions, and event-by-event detection analysis. This paper describes the use of the Monte Carlo code MCNPX-PoliMi for nuclear-nonproliferation applications, with particular emphasis on the simulation of spontaneous and neutron-induced nuclear fission. In fact, of all possible neutron-nucleus interactions, neutron-induced fission is the most defining characteristic of special nuclear material (such as U-235 and Pu-239), which is the material of interest in nuclear-nonproliferation applications. The MCNP-PoliMi code was originally released from the Radiation Safety Shielding Center (RSSIC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 2003 [1]; the MCNPX-PoliMi code contains many enhancements and is based on MCNPX ver. 2.7.0. MCNPX-PoliMi ver. 2.0 was released through RSICC in 2012 as a patch to MCNPX ver. 2.7.0 and as an executable [2].

  18. Special Classes of Set Codes and Their Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WB Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this book, the authors introduce the notion of set codes, set bicodes and set n-codes. These are the most generalized notions of semigroup n-codes and group n-codes. Several types of set n-codes are defined. Several examples are given to enable the reader to understand the concept. These new classes of codes will find applications in cryptography, computer networking (where fragmenting of codes is to be carried out) and data storage (where confidentiality is to be maintained). We also describe the error detection and error correction of these codes. The authors feel that these codes would be appropriate to the computer dominated world. This book has three chapters. Chapter One gives basic concepts to make the book a self-contained one. In Chapter Two, the notion of set codes is introduced. The set bicodes and their generalization to set n-codes (n >= 3) is carried out in Chapter Three. This chapter also gives the applications of these codes in the above-mentioned fields.

  19. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION PERSONAL INFORMATION (please type or print application requirements, applicants to the Master of Science in Environmental Policy Studies (MS-EPS) program applicants must submit a Personal Statement that outlines how the MS-EPS program will meet a candidate

  20. http://hpc.sagepub.com Computing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duisburg-Essen, Universität

    .1177/1094342007085025 2008; 22; 33International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications and �mit �atalyürek Chow://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services/L APPLICATIONS The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Volume 22, No. 1, Spring