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1

Defining characteristics of the brass music of Anthony Plog and their application in performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the defining characteristics in Anthony Plog???s brass music. Plog???s treatment of motive, delivery of musical expectation, and timbre creates music that is… (more)

Cannon, Alexander Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

MTC envelope: defining the capability of large scale computers in the context of parallel scripting applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many scientific applications can be efficiently expressed with the parallel scripting (many-task computing, MTC) paradigm. These applications are typically composed of several stages of computation, with tasks in different stages coupled by a shared ... Keywords: MTC, distributed file system, parallel scripting application, performance measurements

Zhao Zhang; Daniel S. Katz; Michael Wilde; Justin M. Wozniak; Ian Foster

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Development and application of a conceptual approach for defining high-level waste  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a conceptual approach to defining high-level radioactive waste (HLW) and a preliminary quantitative definition obtained from an example implementation of the conceptual approach. On the basis of the description of HLW in the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, we have developed a conceptual model in which HLW has two attributes: HLW is (1) highly radioactive and (2) requires permanent isolation via deep geologic disposal. This conceptual model results in a two-dimensional waste categorization system in which one axis, related to ''requires permanent isolation,'' is associated with long-term risks from waste disposal and the other axis, related to ''highly radioactive,'' is associated with short-term risks from waste management and operations; this system also leads to the specification of categories of wastes that are not HLW. Implementation of the conceptual model for defining HLW was based primarily on health and safety considerations. Wastes requiring permanent isolation via deep geologic disposal were defined by estimating the maximum concentrations of radionuclides that would be acceptable for disposal using the next-best technology, i.e., greater confinement disposal (GCD) via intermediate-depth burial or engineered surface structures. Wastes that are highly radioactive were defined by adopting heat generation rate as the appropriate measure and examining levels of decay heat that necessitate special methods to control risks from operations in a variety of nuclear fuel-cycle situations. We determined that wastes having a power density >200 W/m/sup 3/ should be considered highly radioactive. Thus, in the example implementation, the combination of maximum concentrations of long-lived radionuclides that are acceptable for GCD and a power density of 200 W/m/sup 3/ provides boundaries for defining wastes that are HLW.

Croff, A.G.; Forsberg, C.W.; Kocher, D.C.; Cohen, J.J.; Smith, C.F.; Miller, D.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Software-Defined Ultra-wideband Radio Communications: A New RF Technology for Emergency Response Applications  

SciTech Connect

Reliable wireless communication links for local-area (short-range) and regional (long-range) reach capabilities are crucial for emergency response to disasters. Lack of a dependable communication system can result in disruptions in the situational awareness between the local responders in the field and the emergency command and control centers. To date, all wireless communications systems such as cell phones and walkie-talkies use narrowband radio frequency (RF) signaling for data communication. However, the hostile radio propagation environment caused by collapsed structures and rubble in various disaster sites results in significant degradation and attenuation of narrowband RF signals, which ends up in frequent communication breakdowns. To address the challenges of reliable radio communication in disaster fields, we propose an approach to use ultra-wideband (UWB) or wideband RF waveforms for implementation on Software Defined Radio (SDR) platforms. Ultra-wideband communications has been proven by many research groups to be effective in addressing many of the limitations faced by conventional narrowband radio technologies. In addition, LLNL's radio and wireless team have shown significant success in field deployment of various UWB communications system for harsh environments based on LLNL's patented UWB modulation and equalization techniques. Furthermore, using software defined radio platform for UWB communications offers a great deal of flexibility in operational parameters and helps the radio system to dynamically adapt itself to its environment for optimal performance.

Nekoogar, F; Dowla, F

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

5

Play Analysis and Digital Portfolio of Major Oil Reservoirs in the Permian Basin: Application and Transfer of Advanced Geological and Engineering Technologies for Incremental Production Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest onshore petroleum-producing basin in the United States. Approximately 1,300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000. Of these significant-sized reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. There are 32 geologic plays that have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs, and each of the 1,300 major reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. The final reservoir shapefile for each play contains the geographic location of each reservoir. Associated reservoir information within the linked data tables includes RRC reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are smaller than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production of >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl [5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]). Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

6

PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES  

SciTech Connect

A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest petroleum-producing basin in the US. Approximately 1300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl of oil through 2000. Of these major reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. On a preliminary basis, 32 geologic plays have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs and assignment of each of the 1300 major reservoirs to a play has begun. The reservoirs are being mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonardian Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; William Raatz; Cari Breton; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans; Mark H. Holtz

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES  

SciTech Connect

The Permian Basin of west Texas and southeast New Mexico has produced >30 Bbbl (4.77 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000, most of it from 1,339 reservoirs having individual cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}). These significant-sized reservoirs are the focus of this report. Thirty-two Permian Basin oil plays were defined, and each of the 1,339 significant-sized reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Associated reservoir information within linked data tables includes Railroad Commission of Texas reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are <1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. This report contains a summary description of each play, including key reservoir characteristics and successful reservoir-management practices that have been used in the play. The CD accompanying the report contains a pdf version of the report, the GIS project, pdf maps of all plays, and digital data files. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 from these significant-sized reservoirs was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl 5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]).

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Abstract--Distribution factors play a key role in many system security analysis and market applications. The injection shift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract-- Distribution factors play a key role in many system security analysis and market of the other distribution factors. The line outage distribution factors (LODFs) may be computed using the ISFs distribution factors, line outage distribution factors, multiple-line outages, system security. I. INTRODUCTION

9

Plug & Play Sensors Sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Documents. Plug & Play Sensors Sites. ... Plug & Play Sensors Sites. By selecting some of the links below, you will be leaving NIST webspace. ...

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Basin Play States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

WY 2 8 Subtotal 204 3,375 Other tight oil plays (e.g. Monterey, Woodford) 24 253 All U.S. tight oil plays 228 3,628 Note: Includes lease condensate. Source: U.S. Energy Information...

11

Architecture that affords play  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Play is a form of behavior common to all people. A person's propensity to play depends not only on his physiological and emotional state, but also on his surroundings. This thesis investigates environmental qualities ...

Fallon, Paul Eric

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Formalizing Game-play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current computer conflict simulation games, or wargames, are opaque in the sense that most of the game mechanisms are not directly visible to the players and are frequently not described in user accessible documentation, have a transient lifetime that ... Keywords: board games, computer conflict simulation games, computer games, formal specification, formalism, game construction, game design, game development, game formalization, game map, game mechanisms, game rules, game specification, game-play, rules, sequence of play, simulation games, strategy board games, war gaming, wargame

Tomas By

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

MTC Envelope: Defining the Capability of Large Scale Computers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTC Envelope: Defining the Capability of Large Scale Computers in the Context of Parallel Scripting Applications Title MTC Envelope: Defining the Capability of Large Scale...

14

Selecting major Appalachian basin gas plays  

SciTech Connect

Under a cooperative agreement with the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) the Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium (AONGRC) is preparing a geologic atlas of the major gas plays in the Appalachian basin, and compiling a database for all fields in each geologic play. the first obligation under this agreement was to prepare a topical report that identifies the major gas plays, briefly describes each play, and explains how the plays were selected. Four main objectives have been defined for this initial task: assign each gas reservoir to a geologic play, based on age, trap type, degree of structural control, and depositional environment; organize all plays into geologically-similar groups based on the main criteria that defines each play; prepare a topical report for METC; and transfer this technology to industry through posters and talks at regional geological and engineering meetings including the Appalachian Petroleum Geology Symposium, Northeastern Section meeting of the Geological Society of America, the METC Gas Contractors Review meeting, the Kentucky Oil and Gas Association, and the Appalachian Energy Group.

Patchen, D.G.; Nuttall, B.C.; Baranoski, M.T.; Harper, J.A.; Schwietering, J.F.; Van Tyne, A.; Aminian, K.; Smosna, R.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Selecting major Appalachian basin gas plays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under a cooperative agreement with the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) the Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium (AONGRC) is preparing a geologic atlas of the major gas plays in the Appalachian basin, and compiling a database for all fields in each geologic play. the first obligation under this agreement was to prepare a topical report that identifies the major gas plays, briefly describes each play, and explains how the plays were selected. Four main objectives have been defined for this initial task: assign each gas reservoir to a geologic play, based on age, trap type, degree of structural control, and depositional environment; organize all plays into geologically-similar groups based on the main criteria that defines each play; prepare a topical report for METC; and transfer this technology to industry through posters and talks at regional geological and engineering meetings including the Appalachian Petroleum Geology Symposium, Northeastern Section meeting of the Geological Society of America, the METC Gas Contractors Review meeting, the Kentucky Oil and Gas Association, and the Appalachian Energy Group.

Patchen, D.G.; Nuttall, B.C.; Baranoski, M.T.; Harper, J.A.; Schwietering, J.F.; Van Tyne, A.; Aminian, K.; Smosna, R.A.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Playing for Keeps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inflection points come at you without warning and quickly recede out of reach. We may be nearing one now. If so, we are now about to play for keeps, and “we” doesn’t mean just us security geeks. If anything, it’s because we ...

Daniel E. Geer

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Funding Defined Benefit State Pension Plans: An Empirical Evaluation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Defined Benefit (DB) state pension trust funds are an integral component of state finances and play a major role in the country’s labor and capital… (more)

Mamaril, Cezar Brian C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Defining computational aesthetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper attempts to define the discipline of Computational Aesthetics in the context of computer science, partly reflecting the contributions and comprehensive discussions of the first EG Workshop on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualization ...

Florian Hoenig

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Flu Terms Defined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flu Terms Defined H1N1 Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 flu, but...

20

Groups defined by automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is Chapter 24 in the "AutoMathA" handbook. Finite automata have been used effectively in recent years to define infinite groups. The two main lines of research have as their most representative objects the class of automatic groups (including word-hyperbolic groups as a particular case) and automata groups (singled out among the more general self-similar groups). The first approach implements in the language of automata some tight constraints on the geometry of the group's Cayley graph, building strange, beautiful bridges between far-off domains. Automata are used to define a normal form for group elements, and to monitor the fundamental group operations. The second approach features groups acting in a finitely constrained manner on a regular rooted tree. Automata define sequential permutations of the tree, and represent the group elements themselves. The choice of particular classes of automata has often provided groups with exotic behaviour which have revolutioned our perception of infinite finitely ge...

Bartholdi, Laurent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Defining computer documentation audiences  

SciTech Connect

The paper is intended to enlighten technical writers in the computer field to the importance of defining their audiences. Observations are made about audiences in general, realms of experience, levels of usage, numbers of documents, grouping audiences and writing for specific audiences.

Tanner, R.D.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Software Defined Networking for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

over optical, routed or switched network elements * OpenFlow support needed on edge devices only, core stays same * Programmability for applications * Allows end-sites to...

23

Flu Terms Defined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flu Terms Defined Flu Terms Defined H1N1 Influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get H1N1 flu, but human infections can and do happen. H1N1 flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people. Avian flu (AI) is caused by influenza viruses that occur naturally among wild birds. Low pathogenic AI is common in birds and causes few problems. Highly pathogenic H5N1 is deadly to domestic fowl, can be transmitted from birds to humans, and is deadly to humans. There is virtually no human immunity and human vaccine availability is very limited. Pandemic flu is virulent human flu that causes a global outbreak, or pandemic, of serious illness. Because there is little natural immunity, the disease can spread easily from person to person. Currently, there is no pandemic flu.

24

Well Defined Structures for Capacitor Applications  

Capacitor Schematic ... where replacement costs are high. Stage of Development: Modeled Concept ... High operating temperature High operating voltage

25

Outdoor Play and Playground Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... While each classroom strives to accomplish both morning and afternoon outdoor play times, the weather sometimes prohibits such activity, or ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

26

Learning how to play Nash, potential games and alternating ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ”learning to play Nash” problem: four central questions In non ...... Recall that the metric can be used to define the length of piecewise smooth curve c : [a, b] ...

27

Motivations for play in computer role-playing games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the motivations for play in the context of single- and multi-player digital Role-Playing Games (RPGs) are examined. Survey data were drawn from respondents online and participants in a related experimental study. The results indicate that ...

Anders Tychsen; Michael Hitchens; Thea Brolund

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Shale Play Industry Transportation Challenges,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ High volume commodi-es flows in and out of shale plays · Sand In....Oil in excess of 50 MMT/Yr. · Life of current Shale Oil & Gas explora-on trend ­ 2012) #12;Shale Play Oil Industry A Look at the Baaken · 2-3 Unit Trains

Minnesota, University of

29

STI Defined | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

STI Defined STI Defined Print page Print page Email page Email page Information products deemed by the originator to be useful beyond the originating site (i.e., intended to be published or disseminated), in any format or medium, which contain findings and technological innovations resulting from research and development (R&D) efforts and scientific and technological work of scientists, researchers, and engineers, whether Federal employee, contractor, or financial assistance recipient. STI also conveys the results of demonstration and commercial application activities as well as experiments, observations, simulations, studies, and analyses. Scientific findings are communicated through various media - e.g., textual, multimedia, audiovisual, and digital - and are produced in a range

30

MAJOR PLAYS IN UTAH AND VICINITY  

SciTech Connect

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play; locations of major oil pipelines; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and identification and discussion of land-use constraints. All play maps, reports, databases, and so forth, produced for the project will be published in interactive, menu-driven digital (web-based and compact disc) and hard-copy formats. This report covers research activities for the first quarter of the second project year (July 1 through September 30, 2003). This work included (1) describing the Conventional Southern Uinta Basin Play, subplays, and outcrop reservoir analogs of the Uinta Green River Conventional Oil and Gas Assessment Unit (Eocene Green River Formation), and (2) technology transfer activities. The Conventional Oil and Gas Assessment Unit can be divided into plays having a dominantly southern sediment source (Conventional Southern Uinta Basin Play) and plays having a dominantly northern sediment source (Conventional Northern Uinta Basin Play). The Conventional Southern Uinta Basin Play is divided into six subplays: (1) conventional Uteland Butte interval, (2) conventional Castle Peak interval, (3) conventional Travis interval, (4) conventional Monument Butte interval, (5) conventional Beluga interval, and (6) conventional Duchesne interval fractured shale/marlstone. We are currently conducting basin-wide correlations to define the limits of the six subplays. Production-scale outcrop analogs provide an excellent view, often in three dimensions, of reservoir-facies characteristics and boundaries contributing to the overall heterogeneity of reservoir rocks. They can be used as a ''template'' for evaluation of data from conventional core, geophysical and petrophysical logs, and seismic surveys. Outcrop analogs for each subplay except the Travis interval are found in Indian and Nine Mile Canyons. During this quarter, the project team members submitted an abstract to the American Association of Petroleum Geologists for presentation at the 2004 annual national convention in Dallas, Texas. The project home page was updated on the Utah Geological Survey Internet web site.

Craig D. Morgan; Thomas C. Chidsey

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The games computers play...: perfectly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artificial intelligence has had notable success in building high-performance game-playing programs to compete against the best human players; Deep Blue is the obvious example, but there are many more. However, the availability of fast and plentiful machines ...

Jonathan Schaeffer

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Playing to retain the advantage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let P be a monotone decreasing graph property, let G = (V, E) be a graph, and let q be a positive integer. In this paper, we study the (1: q) Maker-Breaker game, played on the edges of G, in which Maker’s goal is to build a graph that does not satisfy the property P. It is clear that in order for Maker to have a chance of winning, G must not satisfy P. We prove that if G is far from satisfying P, that is, if one has to delete sufficiently many edges from G in order to obtain a graph that satisfies P, then Maker has a winning strategy for this game. We also consider a different notion of being far from satisfying some property, which is motivated by a problem of Duffus, ?Luczak and Rödl [6]. 1

Noga Alon; Dan Hefetz; Michael Krivelevich

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Defining Requirements for Improved Photovoltaic System Reliability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Reliable systems are an essential ingredient of any technology progressing toward commercial maturity and large-scale deployment. This paper defines reliability as meeting system fictional requirements, and then develops a framework to understand and quantify photovoltaic system reliability based on initial and ongoing costs and system value. The core elements necessary to achieve reliable PV systems are reviewed. These include appropriate system design, satisfactory component reliability, and proper installation and servicing. Reliability status, key issues, and present needs in system reliability are summarized for four application sectors.

Maish, A.B.

1998-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

34

ASSESSING AND FORECASTING, BY PLAY, NATURAL GAS ULTIMATE RECOVERY GROWTH AND QUANTIFYING THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS IN THE TEXAS GULF COAST BASIN AND EAST TEXAS  

SciTech Connect

A detailed natural gas ultimate recovery growth (URG) analysis of the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas has been undertaken. The key to such analysis was determined to be the disaggregation of the resource base to the play level. A play is defined as a conceptual geologic unit having one or more reservoirs that can be genetically related on the basis of depositional origin of the reservoir, structural or trap style, source rocks and hydrocarbon generation, migration mechanism, seals for entrapment, and type of hydrocarbon produced. Plays are the geologically homogeneous subdivision of the universe of petroleum pools within a basin. Therefore, individual plays have unique geological features that can be used as a conceptual model that incorporates geologic processes and depositional environments to explain the distribution of petroleum. Play disaggregation revealed important URG trends for the major natural gas fields in the Texas Gulf Coast Basin and East Texas. Although significant growth and future potential were observed for the major fields, important URG trends were masked by total, aggregated analysis based on a broad geological province. When disaggregated by plays, significant growth and future potential were displayed for plays that were associated with relatively recently discovered fields, deeper reservoir depths, high structural complexities due to fault compartmentalization, reservoirs designated as tight gas/low-permeability, and high initial reservoir pressures. Continued technology applications and advancements are crucial in achieving URG potential in these plays.

William L. Fisher; Eugene M. Kim

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings Title Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-2213E Year of...

36

Learning molecular biology by VR playing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Learning by playing is one of the natural way for knowledge and skill acquisition. This paper addresses the issue of learning molecular biology by Virtual Reality (VR) based playing. A software system MolecularStudio is developed using the VR Technology ... Keywords: VR, biology, computer game, learning, playing

BF Lu; KT Lim; JM Zheng; YY Cai

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Playing the Environment: Games as Virtual Ecologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Playing the Environment: Games as Virtual Ecologies Alendasocial realism, games, environment, ecology 1. INTRODUCTIONversions of the environment? The answer is multifaceted.

Chang, Alenda Y.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Playing in the Sandbox Peter Borwein - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neither fish, nor fowl, nor good red herring. - money, money, money. - flexibility, flexibility, flexibility. - money, money, money. Playing in the Sandbox. ?Many talk ...

39

Let's chalk!: strengthening communities through play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Greenways (public outdoor walking and biking paths) are unique communities ripe for collaboration. We propose Let's Chalk: a system for collaborative distance sidewalk chalk play that connects greenways in different locations to create an aesthetic experience ... Keywords: aesthetic experience, chalk, community, distance collaboration, greenways, play

Matthew Jennex; Stephanie Louraine; Stephen Miller; Angélica Rosenzweig Castillo

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Evolving intelligent game-playing agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional game playing programs have relied on advanced search algorithms and hand-tuned evaluation functions to play 'intelligently'. A historical overview of these techniques is provided, followed by a revealing look at recent developments in co-evolutionary ... Keywords: algorithms, artificial intelligence, co-evolution, design, experimentation, game learning, particle swarm optimisation

Nelis Franken; Andries P. Engelbrecht

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Radio Astronomy Software Defined Receiver Project  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes a Radio Astronomy Software Defined Receiver (RASDR) that is currently under development. RASDR is targeted for use by amateurs and small institutions where cost is a primary consideration. The receiver will operate from HF thru 2.8 GHz. Front-end components such as preamps, block down-converters and pre-select bandpass filters are outside the scope of this development and will be provided by the user. The receiver includes RF amplifiers and attenuators, synthesized LOs, quadrature down converters, dual 8 bit ADCs and a Signal Processor that provides firmware processing of the digital bit stream. RASDR will interface to a user s PC via a USB or higher speed Ethernet LAN connection. The PC will run software that provides processing of the bit stream, a graphical user interface, as well as data analysis and storage. Software should support MAC OS, Windows and Linux platforms and will focus on such radio astronomy applications as total power measurements, pulsar detection, and spectral line studies.

Vacaliuc, Bogdan [ORNL; Leech, Marcus [Shirleys Bay Radio Astronomy Consortium; Oxley, Paul [Retired; Flagg, Richard [Retired; Fields, David [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Form:Define | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this field will be used as the name of the term being defined. Example terms Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Solar energy Hydroelectric power ... further results...

43

DEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein, Marilyn Brown, Richard Brown, Chris Calwell, Sheryl Carter, Ralph Cavanagh,...

44

Play Fairway Analysis - Energy Innovation Portal  

Play Fairway Analysis. December 19, 2013. We’ve all been there: searching for a lamp in a dark, unfamiliar room. How do you find it? Based on your ...

45

Beth definability in expressive description logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Beth definability property, a well-known property from classical logic, is investigated in the context of description logics (DLs): if a general LTBox implicitly defines an L-concept in terms of a given signature, where L is a DL, then does there ...

Balder Ten Cate; Enrico Franconi; ?nanç Seylan

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Parallel simulation of software defined networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing network architectures fall short when handling networking trends, e.g., mobility, server virtualization, and cloud computing, as well as market requirements with rapid changes. Software-defined networking (SDN) is designed to transform network ... Keywords: parallel discrete event simulation, software-defined networking

Dong Jin, David M. Nicol

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Template:Define | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Define Define Jump to: navigation, search This is the Define template. It is designed for use by Defined Terms. To define a term, please use this form. Parameters Definition - OpenEI's definition of the term. This should be unique. (required) Aliases - Synonyms of the term, or phrases which have the same meaning. (comma delimeted) Related - Related terms, or concepts of similar interest. (comma delimited list of pages) Wikipedia_def - The URL of Wikipedia's definition of the term, if one exists. (url) References - Links to external articles or datasources consulted when crafting the OpenEI definition. (comma delimited) Usage It should be invoked using the corresponding form. + Add a definition Example For an example of this template in use, please see one of the existing

48

Defining Information System For the Baseline Inventory | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Defining Information System For the Baseline Inventory Defining Information System For the Baseline Inventory Defining Information System For the Baseline Inventory Defining...

49

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Typical applications of duplex stainless steels...salt evaporation equipment, desalination plants, geothermal

50

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Wear-, erosion-, and corrosion-resistance applications of CVD...against neutron radiation

51

Defining and Estimating Global Mean Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods used to quantify temperature changes of the earth must he assessed relative to an appropriate definition of global mean temperature. In this paper, global mean temperature is defined and the adequacy of using weighted average anomalies to ...

Richard F. Gunst; Sabyasachi Basu; Robert Brunell

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Major markets for ABS products...Market category Applications ABS grades Major appliances Refrigerator door and food liners; crisper pans;

53

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Selected applications for wrought aluminum alloys...vehicles, trucks and trailers 3105 Residential siding, mobile homes, rain-carrying goods,

54

MAJOR OIL PLAYS IN UTAH AND VICINITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play; locations of major oil pipelines; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and identification and discussion of land use constraints. All play maps, reports, databases, and so forth, produced for the project will be published in interactive, menu-driven digital (web-based and compact disc) and hard-copy formats. This report covers research activities for the third quarter of the first project year (January 1 through March 31, 2003). This work included gathering field data and analyzing best practices in the eastern Uinta Basin, Utah, and the Colorado portion of the Paradox Basin. Best practices used in oil fields of the eastern Uinta Basin consist of conversion of all geophysical well logs into digital form, running small fracture treatments, fingerprinting oil samples from each producing zone, running spinner surveys biannually, mapping each producing zone, and drilling on 80-acre (32 ha) spacing. These practices ensure that induced fractures do not extend vertically out of the intended zone, determine the percentage each zone contributes to the overall production of the well, identify areas that may be by-passed by a waterflood, and prevent rapid water breakthrough. In the eastern Paradox Basin, Colorado, optimal drilling, development, and production practices consist of increasing the mud weight during drilling operations before penetrating the overpressured Desert Creek zone; centralizing treatment facilities; and mixing produced water from pumping oil wells with non-reservoir water and injecting the mixture into the reservoir downdip to reduce salt precipitation, dispose of produced water, and maintain reservoir pressure to create a low-cost waterflood. During this quarter, technology transfer activities consisted of technical presentations to members of the Technical Advisory Board in Colorado and the Colorado Geological Survey. The project home page was updated on the Utah Geological Survey Internet web site.

Thomas C. Chidsey Jr; Craig D. Morgan; Roger L. Bon

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

What Defines a Separate Hydrothermal System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Separate hydrothermal systems can be defined in a variety of ways. Criteria which have been applied include separation of heat source, upflow, economic resource and geophysical anomaly. Alternatively, connections have been defined by the effects of withdrawal of economically useful fluid and subsidence, effects of reinjection, changes in thermal features, or by a hydrological connection of groundwaters. It is proposed here that: ''A separate hydrothermal system is one that is fed by a separate convective upflow of fluid, at a depth above the brittle-ductile transition for the host rocks, while acknowledging that separate hydrothermal systems can be hydrologically interconnected at shallower levels''.

Lawless, J.V.; Bogie, I.; Bignall, G.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Software-defined Quantum Communication Systems  

SciTech Connect

We show how to extend the paradigm of software-defined communication to include quantum communication systems. We introduce the decomposition of a quantum communication terminal into layers separating the concerns of the hardware, software, and middleware. We provide detailed descriptions of how each component operates and we include results of an implementation of the super-dense coding protocol. We argue that the versatility of software-defined quantum communication test beds can be useful for exploring new regimes in communication and rapidly prototyping new systems.

Humble, Travis S [ORNL] [ORNL; Sadlier, Ronald J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Major Oil Plays in Utah and Vicinity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; locations of major oil pipelines; identification and discussion of land-use constraints; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play. This report covers research activities for the sixth quarter of the project (October 1 through December 31, 2003). This work included describing outcrop analogs for the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone and Mississippian Leadville Limestone, major oil producers in the thrust belt and Paradox Basin, respectively, and analyzing best practices used in the southern Green River Formation play of the Uinta Basin. Production-scale outcrop analogs provide an excellent view of reservoir petrophysics, facies characteristics, and boundaries contributing to the overall heterogeneity of reservoir rocks. They can be used as a ''template'' for evaluation of data from conventional core, geophysical and petrophysical logs, and seismic surveys. In the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province, the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone produces from subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the low-porosity limestone beds are extensively fractured and sealed by overlying argillaceous and non-fractured units. The best outcrop analogs for Twin Creek reservoirs are found at Devils Slide and near the town of Peoa, Utah, where fractures in dense, homogeneous non-porous limestone beds are in contact with the basal siltstone units (containing sealed fractures) of the overlying units. The shallow marine, Mississippian Leadville Limestone is a major oil and gas reservoir in the Paradox Basin of Utah and Colorado. Hydrocarbons are produced from basement-involved, northwest-trending structural traps with closure on both anticlines and faults. Excellent outcrops of Leadville-equivalent rocks are found along the south flank of the Uinta Mountains, Utah. For example, like the Leadville, the Mississippian Madison Limestone contains zones of solution breccia, fractures, and facies variations. When combined with subsurface geological and production data, these outcrop analogs can improve (1) development drilling and production strategies such as horizontal drilling, (2) reservoir-simulation models, (3) reserve calculations, and (4) design and implementation of secondary/tertiary oil recovery programs and other best practices used in the oil fields of Utah and vicinity. In the southern Green River Formation play of the Uinta Basin, optimal drilling, development, and production practices consist of: (1) owning drilling rigs and frac holding tanks; (2) perforating sandstone beds with more than 8 percent neutron porosity and stimulate with separate fracture treatments; (3) placing completed wells on primary production using artificial lift; (4) converting wells relatively soon to secondary waterflooding maintaining reservoir pressure above the bubble point to maximize oil recovery; (5) developing waterflood units using an alternating injector--producer pattern on 40-acre (16-ha) spacing; and (6) recompleting producing wells by perforating all beds that are productive in the waterflood unit. As part of technology transfer activities during this quarter, an abstract describing outcrop reservoir analogs was accepted by the American Assoc

Thomas C. Chidsey; Craig D. Morgan; Kevin McClure; Douglas A. Sprinkel; Roger L. Bon; Hellmut H. Doelling

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Applications for titanium and titanium alloys...for FGD units, nuclear waste disposal Geothermal energy Heat exchangers, evaporators, condensers, tubes Marine engineering Shipbuilding Heat exchangers, condensers, piping

59

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Examples of applications and parts made with vacuum infusion...small aircraft Industrial Fan blades, part for fish counting unit, toilet bowl, oil

60

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6 Selected applications for aluminum casting alloys...gears; jet engine compressor cases 356.0 Sand: flywheel castings; automotive transmission cases; oil pans; pump bodies. Permanent: machine tool parts;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Application of sintered stainless steels...316L Photographic equipment 316L Cam cleats 304L Dishwasher components 304L Can opener gears 410L...

62

MAJOR OIL PLAYS IN UTAH AND VICINITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.2 billion barrels (191 million m{sup 3}). However, the 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m{sup 3}) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes this trend can be reversed by providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios will include: descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary techniques for each play; locations of major oil pipelines; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and identification and discussion of land use constraints. All play maps, reports, databases, and so forth, produced for the project will be published in interactive, menu-driven digital (web-based and compact disc) and hard-copy formats. This report covers research activities for the fourth quarter of the first project year (April 1 through June 30, 2003). This work included describing outcrop analogs to the Jurassic Nugget Sandstone and Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation, the major oil producers in the thrust belt and Paradox Basin, respectively. Production-scale outcrop analogs provide an excellent view, often in three dimensions, of reservoir-facies characteristics and boundaries contributing to the overall heterogeneity of reservoir rocks. They can be used as a ''template'' for evaluation of data from conventional core, geophysical and petrophysical logs, and seismic surveys. The Nugget Sandstone was deposited in an extensive dune field that extended from Wyoming to Arizona. Outcrop analogs are found in the stratigraphically equivalent Navajo Sandstone of southern Utah which displays large-scale dunal cross-strata with excellent reservoir properties and interdunal features such as oases, wadi, and playa lithofacies with poor reservoir properties. Hydrocarbons in the Paradox Formation are stratigraphically trapped in carbonate buildups (or phylloid-algal mounds). Similar carbonate buildups are exposed in the Paradox along the San Juan River of southeastern Utah. Reservoir-quality porosity may develop in the types of facies associated with buildups such as troughs, detrital wedges, and fans, identified from these outcrops. When combined with subsurface geological and production data, these outcrop analogs can improve (1) development drilling and production strategies such as horizontal drilling, (2) reservoir-simulation models, (3) reserve calculations, and (4) design and implementation of secondary/tertiary oil recovery programs and other best practices used in the oil fields of Utah and vicinity. During this quarter, technology transfer activities consisted of exhibiting the project plans, objectives, and products at a booth at the 2003 annual convention of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. The project home page was updated on the Utah Geological Survey Internet web site.

Thomas C. Chidsey; Craig D. Morgan; Kevin McClure; Grant C. Willis

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Applications:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications: Applications: â—Ź Telecommunications: cell / smartphone; multi-party secure phone calls; videoconferencing; Voice over IP (VoIP) â—Ź Banking and financial transactions: ATM, debit / credit card and e-Commerce â—Ź e-Business; e-gaming; e-books; e-music; e-movies; e-gambling â—Ź Wireless internet â—Ź Electronic voting â—Ź Facility and vehicle access â—Ź Information exchange for government/defense

64

System Assessment Standards: Defining the Market for Industrial Energy Assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008. “System Assessment Standards: Defining the Market forL ABORATORY System Assessment Standards: Defining the Marketemployer. System Assessment Standards: Defining the Market

Sheaffer, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Major Oil Plays In Utah And Vicinity  

SciTech Connect

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.33 billion barrels (211 million m{sup 3}) of oil and hold 256 million barrels (40.7 million m{sup 3}) of proved reserves. The 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m3) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. However, in late 2005 oil production increased, due, in part, to the discovery of Covenant field in the central Utah Navajo Sandstone thrust belt ('Hingeline') play, and to increased development drilling in the central Uinta Basin, reversing the decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming can continue this new upward production trend. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios include descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; locations of major oil pipelines; identification and discussion of land-use constraints; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary recovery techniques for each play. The most prolific oil reservoir in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province is the eolian, Jurassic Nugget Sandstone, having produced over 288 million barrels (46 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 5.1 trillion cubic feet (145 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the depositionally heterogeneous Nugget is also extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Nugget reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and gypsiferous beds in the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone, or a low-permeability zone at the top of the Nugget. The Nugget Sandstone thrust belt play is divided into three subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored shallow structures, (2) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored deep structures, and (3) Absaroka thrust - Paleozoic-cored shallow structures. Both of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays represent a linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline parallel to the leading edge of the Absaroka thrust. Fields in the shallow Mesozoic subplay produce crude oil and associated gas; fields in the deep subplay produce retrograde condensate. The Paleozoic-cored structures subplay is located immediately west of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays. It represents a very continuous and linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline where the Nugget is truncated against a thrust splay. Fields in this subplay produce nonassociated gas and condensate. Traps in these subplays consist of long, narrow, doubly plunging anticlines. Prospective drilling targets are delineated using high-quality, two-dimensional and three-dimensional seismic data, forward modeling/visualization tools, and other state-of-the-art techniques. Future Nugget Sandstone exploration could focus on more structurally complex and subtle, thrust-related traps. Nugget structures may be present beneath the leading edge of the Hogsback thrust and North Flank fault of the Uinta uplift. The Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone play in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province has produced over 15 million barrels (2.4 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 93 billion cubic feet (2.6 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the low-porosity Twin Creek is extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Twin Creek reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and clastic beds, and non-fractured units within the Twin Creek. The Twin Creek Limestone thrust belt play is divided into two subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust-Mesozoic-cored structures and (2) A

Thomas Chidsey

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

FREE PLAY 2007_ Free Play is Next Wave's Independent Game Developers Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Melbourne ABOUT_ Free Play caters for independent and DIY game developers, creatively frustrated-fi, 4-track, DIY and it's probably one of the best and most vibrant areas of Australian culture. Binh

Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

67

Ground-play yard-school play-school : a Ludic typology for primary education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores how free play can be promoted, incentivized, and enabled through architecture to reinterpret the elementary school typology within the urban context of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The ...

Williams, Travis Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

AVANT-GUARD: scalable and vigilant switch flow management in software-defined networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among the leading reference implementations of the Software Defined Networking (SDN) paradigm is the OpenFlow framework, which decouples the control plane into a centralized application. In this paper, we consider two aspects of OpenFlow that pose security ... Keywords: control plane saturation attack, openflow, security and resilience, software-defined network (sdn)

Seungwon Shin, Vinod Yegneswaran, Phillip Porras, Guofei Gu

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Major application areas of porous P/M materials...refining Semiconductor Particle removal process gas Bulk gas delivery systems Purifier media retainers Analysis instruments Gas/liquid chromatography Gas sampling Sensor protection Chemical processing Catalyst recovery Process gases and liquids Fluid-bed reactor products Mineral processing Coal,...

70

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Some applications of investment casting...Electrical equipment Electronics, radar Guns and small armaments Hand tools Jewelry Machine tools Materials handling equipment Metal working equipment Oil well drilling and auxiliary equipment Optical equipment Packaging equipment Pneumatic and hydraulic systems Prosthetic appliances Pumps Sports gear...

71

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Commercial applications of refractory metals and alloys by industry...Rhenium, W-Re Process industries Heating and cooling coils Tantalum, Ta-Nb Shell and tube heat exchangers Tantalum Condensers Tantalum Tantalum-clad steel vessels Tantalum Distillation towers Tantalum Valves for hot sulfuric acid service Molybdenum, tantalum, Ta-Nb Expansion joints (bellows) Tantalum...

72

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 9   Applications of various polymers...bins 767 aircraft acoustical tile 767 and other Boeing aircraft brackets Airbus A320 bulk cargo floor sandwich structural panels Airbus A330-340 lower wing fairings A3XX main stair case (developmental) Beluga heavy-duty entrance floor panels Dornier 328 landing flap ribs Dornier 328 ice protection...

73

Defining digital space through a visual language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current approaches toward digital spaces mainly mimic the physical space that surrounds us. While this approach is valid in a wide range of applications and research, the goal of this thesis is to propose an alternative ...

Kilian, Axel, 1971-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Nature in Play: Measuring the Relationship of Nature and Unstructured Play through Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strong link has been established between children playing in nature and improved physical and emotional health. The intriguing biophilia hypothesis suggests that humans are hardwired with an innate love of nature and that spending time in it is vital for well-being. As we understand nature’s ability to enhance health and alleviate behavioral disorders, the question is what factors of nature optimize this connection and can be incorporated into children’s everyday environments through design guidelines. Case studies are given for three play spaces containing little nature, some nature, and complete nature in Bonn, Germany. The city has a rich environment and culture with a historic dedication to caring for the environment that made it ideal for a comparison of the presence of nature in play spaces. Methods of research included standard case study procedures as given by Clare Cooper Marcus, Carolyn Francis, and Francis Mark. The narrow time frame of two weeks in October for data collection posed a limitation to the research. Three case studies document play spaces with little nature, some nature, and complete nature. The Auerberg neighborhood playground (little nature) was not well maintained in a space located near apartments for a low socioeconomic class. The Hofgarten urban playground (some nature) contained a well-maintained playground in an urban forest. The Naturpark Rheinland (complete nature) involved a trailhead connecting the neighborhood to the forest where children would gather and play. The results showed that the percentage of natural play compared to all play that occurred in the Auerberg neighborhood playground (12.0%) and the Hofgarten urban playground (11.1%) were nearly equal while the hypothesis suggested the Hofgarten playground would have more natural play. One reason for the unanticipated result is that the maintenance level was high so that the ground plane was cleared of attractive elements of nature, such as leaves and fallen branches. The case studies suggest that topography and the ground plane may have a greater influence on natural play than the presence of overhead tree canopy.

McCleary, Lisa Christine

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

75

NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery NERSC, Berkeley Lab Now Centers for Computational Cosmology Community October 4,...

76

Bush Administration Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Global Climate Change Bush Administration Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Global Climate Change February 27, 2007 -...

77

Defining relations and flip Dynkin superdiagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motivation comes from boson fermion correspondence. This article shows for each fermionic root there is correspondence a bosonic root, as a result we get for each Dynkin diagram of Lie Superalgebra a corresponding flip Dynkin Superdiagram. This article construct all the filp Dynkin Superdiagrams of Lie superalgebras(LS). This can create non conjugate classes Borel subalgebra (subsuperalgebras) or non isomorphic Dynkin diagrams of LS using \\in\\delta sequences. We have got the defining relations for the both the Dynkin diagrams and flip Dynkin diagrams.

B. Ransingh

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

78

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: Define 2: Define Finance Program Objectives to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 2: Define Finance Program Objectives on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Financing Assess the Market Define Finance Program Objectives

79

Defining and testing a granular continuum element  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuum mechanics relies on the fundamental notion of amesoscopic volume "element" in which properties averaged over discreteparticles obey deterministic relationships. Recent work on granularmaterials suggests a continuum law may be inapplicable, revealinginhomogeneities at the particle level, such as force chains and slow cagebreaking. Here, we analyze large-scale Discrete-Element Method (DEM)simulations of different granular flows and show that a "granularelement" can indeed be defined at the scale of dynamical correlations,roughly three to five particle diameters. Its rheology is rather subtle,combining liquid-like dependence on deformation rate and solid-likedependence on strain. Our results confirm some aspects of classicalplasticity theory (e.g., coaxiality of stress and deformation rate),while contradicting others (i.e., incipient yield), and can guide thedevelopment of more realistic continuum models.

Rycroft, Chris H.; Kamrin, Ken; Bazant, Martin Z.

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

80

DEFINING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF UV LAMPS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ARTI-21CR/610-40030-01 ARTI-21CR/610-40030-01 DEFINING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF UV LAMPS INSTALLED IN CIRCULATING AIR DUCTWORK Final Report Date Published - November 2002 Douglas VanOsdell and Karin Foarde RTI P.O. Box 12194 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194 Prepared for the AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE 4100 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 200, Arlington, Virginia 22203 Distribution A - Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute (ARTI) under its "HVAC&R Research for the 21 st Century" (21-CR) program. Neither ARTI, the financial supporters of the 21-CR program, or any agency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Defining quantumness via the Jordan product  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose alternative definitions of classical states and quantumness witnesses by focusing on the algebra of observables of the system. A central role will be assumed by the anticommutator of the observables, namely the Jordan product. This approach turns out to be suitable for generalizations to infinite dimensional systems. We then show that the whole algebra of observables can be generated by three elements by repeated application of the Jordan product.

Paolo Facchi; Leonardo Ferro; Giuseppe Marmo; Saverio Pascazio

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

82

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings  

SciTech Connect

The growing investment by governments and electric utilities in energy efficiency programs highlights the need for simple tools to help assess and explain the size of the potential resource. One technique that is commonly used in this effort is to characterize electricity savings in terms of avoided power plants, because it is easier for people to visualize a power plant than it is to understand an abstraction such as billions of kilowatt-hours. Unfortunately, there is no standardization around the characteristics of such power plants. In this letter we define parameters for a standard avoided power plant that have physical meaning and intuitive plausibility, for use in back-of-the-envelope calculations. For the prototypical plant this article settles on a 500 MW existing coal plant operating at a 70percent capacity factor with 7percent T&D losses. Displacing such a plant for one year would save 3 billion kW h per year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metric is the Rosenfeld, in keeping with the tradition among scientists of naming units in honor of the person most responsible for the discovery and widespread adoption of the underlying scientific principle in question--Dr. Arthur H. Rosenfeld.

Brown, Marilyn; Akbari, Hashem; Blumstein, Carl; Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard; Calwell, Chris; Carter, Sheryl; Cavanagh, Ralph; Chang, Audrey; Claridge, David; Craig, Paul; Diamond, Rick; Eto, Joseph H.; Fulkerson, William; Gadgil, Ashok; Geller, Howard; Goldemberg, Jose; Goldman, Chuck; Goldstein, David B.; Greenberg, Steve; Hafemeister, David; Harris, Jeff; Harvey, Hal; Heitz, Eric; Hirst, Eric; Hummel, Holmes; Kammen, Dan; Kelly, Henry; Laitner, Skip; Levine, Mark; Lovins, Amory; Masters, Gil; McMahon, James E.; Meier, Alan; Messenger, Michael; Millhone, John; Mills, Evan; Nadel, Steve; Nordman, Bruce; Price, Lynn; Romm, Joe; Ross, Marc; Rufo, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant; Schipper, Lee; Schneider, Stephen H; Sweeney, James L; Verdict, Malcolm; Vorsatz, Diana; Wang, Devra; Weinberg, Carl; Wilk, Richard; Wilson, John; Worrell, Ernst

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

System Assessment Standards: Defining the Market for Assessment Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved system efficiency can contribute to an industrial facility’s bottom line and also improve reliability and better utilize assets. Despite these opportunities, many industrial facilities continue to have unrealized system optimization potential. A significant barrier to realizing this potential is the lack of market definition for system energy efficiency assessment services. This creates problems for service providers in establishing market value for their services and problems for consumers in determining the relative quality of assessment service offerings. Achieving certification for energy efficiency will require industrial facilities to document a specified reduction in energy intensity. Application of System Assessment Standards will offer industrial facilities seeking certification a well-defined path toward improved energy intensity. System Assessment Standards will help define the market for both users and providers of industrial system assessment services. Use of these standards will provide assurance that a particular assessment represents a recognized threshold for accuracy and completeness. The goal is a significant increase in system energy efficiency improvements in U.S. industry.

McKane, A. T.; Sheaffer, P. E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Table 2. Principal tight oil plays: oil production and proved...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Other tight oil plays (e.g. Monterey, Woodford)",,,24,253 "All U.S. tight oil plays",,,228,3628 "Note: Includes lease condensate." "Source: U.S. Energy...

85

Applying the PLEX framework in designing for playfulness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to functionality and usability, interactive products are increasingly expected to provide pleasurable experiences to their users. Playfulness is a part of these experiences. However, playfulness can manifest in many different ways as humans ... Keywords: design framework, design tools, experience-driven design, playfulness, user-centered design

Juha Arrasvuori; Marion Boberg; Jussi Holopainen; Hannu Korhonen; Andrés Lucero; Markus Montola

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Computer game design and the imaginative play of young children  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses preliminary findings of the study of computer game design in relation to current understanding of imaginative play and its developmental value for young children. The crucial role of children's play in their development is well documented. ... Keywords: child development, computer games, design criteria, imaginative play, young children

Irina Verenikina; Jan Herrington

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana Website Provides Data for Key Oil Play in North Dakota, Eastern Montana July 19, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new web-based geographic information system designed to improve oil production in North Dakota and eastern Montana has been launched with support from the U.S. Department of Energy. The Bakken Decision Support System (BDSS) assembles data for the Bakken and Three Forks Formations into an application that enables a user to visualize geologic and oil production information.The online tool, called the Bakken Decision Support System (BDSS), assembles data for the Bakken and Three Forks Formations into an application that enables a user to visualize geologic and oil production information. The system was developed by the

88

Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s  

SciTech Connect

In the next five years, the DOE expects to build systemsthat approach a petaflop in scale. In the near term (two years), DOE willhave several near-petaflops systems that are 10 percent to 25 percent ofa peraflop-scale system. A common feature of these precursors to petaflopsystems (such as the Cray XT3 or the IBM BlueGene/L) is that they rely onan unprecedented degree of concurrency, which puts stress on every aspectof HPC system design. Such complex systems will likely break current bestpractices for fault resilience, I/O scaling, and debugging, and evenraise fundamental questions about languages and application programmingmodels. It is important that potential problems are anticipated farenough in advance that they can be addressed in time to prepare the wayfor petaflop-scale systems. This report considers the following fourquestions: (1) What software is on a critical path to make the systemswork? (2) What are the strengths/weaknesses of the vendors and ofexisting vendor solutions? (3) What are the local strengths at the labs?(4) Who are other key players who will play a role and canhelp?

Kramer, Bill; Carter, Jonathan; Skinner, David; Oliker, Lenny; Husbands, Parry; Hargrove, Paul; Shalf, John; Marques, Osni; Ng, Esmond; Drummond, Tony; Yelick, Kathy

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Communication and the culture of fantasy in role-playing games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an ethnographic study of the communication behaviors of the role-playing game subculture in a Texas college town. Over a sixteen month period, data were gathered by a participant observer who became a full member of the culture. The methodology applied herein espouses that this membership is desirable for obtaining a thorough description of the research site, and that the researcher in such a role is participating in a collaborative act with the other members of the culture as data are collected. Detailed field notes were taken by the researcher, and interviews of members were conducted at the research site. Both the field notes and the interviews serve as the data base which support the claims made in this study. Role-playing games are popular culture texts primarily consumed by a mostly white male urban subculture. The consumption patterns of this subculture are found to be highly complex, as is their communication behavior while playing these games. Gamers use multiple situational definitions or "frames", as sociologist Erving Goffman called them, to guide their communication while playing, as they alternate between the fantasy world which provides the setting for the game and the home of the fictional characters the players portray, and the real world they themselves inhabit. The ability to shift between these frames is a defining characteristic of experienced members of the subculture. Players exhibit a number of different though non-discrete styles of play, and a clear and consistent progression of play styles is described. Although current popular culture models are useful in understanding the role-playing game phenomenon, certain elements in the current conception of "text," as elucidated in the popular culture theory of John Fiske, prove to be too limiting. An addition to existing theory is presented which captures the qualities of this and potentially other forms of interactive text.

Barry, P. J

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Performance Analysis & Optimization of Well Production in Unconventional Resource Plays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Unconventional Resource Plays consisting of the lowest tier of resources (large volumes and most difficult to develop) have been the main focus of US domestic activity during recent times. Horizontal well drilling and hydraulic fracturing completion technology have been primarily responsible for this paradigm shift. The concept of drainage volume is being examined using pressure diffusion along streamlines. We use diffusive time of flight to optimize the number of hydraulic fracture stages in horizontal well application for Tight Gas reservoirs. Numerous field case histories are available in literature for optimizing number of hydraulic fracture stages, although the conclusions are case specific. In contrast, a general method is being presented that can be used to augment field experiments necessary to optimize the number of hydraulic fracture stages. The optimization results for the tight gas example are in line with the results from economic analysis. The fluid flow simulation for Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (NFR) is performed by Dual-Permeability or Dual-Porosity formulations. Microseismic data from Barnett Shale well is used to characterize the hydraulic fracture geometry. Sensitivity analysis, uncertainty assessment, manual & computer assisted history matching are integrated to develop a comprehensive workflow for building reliable reservoir simulation models. We demonstrate that incorporating proper physics of flow is the first step in building reliable reservoir simulation models. Lack of proper physics often leads to unreasonable reservoir parameter estimates. The workflow demonstrates reduced non-uniqueness for the inverse history matching problem. The behavior of near-critical fluids in Liquid Rich Shale plays defies the production behavior observed in conventional reservoir systems. In conventional reservoirs an increased gas-oil ratio is observed as flowing bottom-hole pressure is less than the saturation pressure. The production behavior is examined by building a compositional simulation model on an Eagle Ford well. Extremely high pressure drop along the multiple transverse hydraulic fractures and high critical gas saturation are responsible for this production behavior. Integrating pore-scale flow modeling (such as Lattice Boltzmann) to the field-scale reservoir simulation may enable quantifying the effects of high capillary pressure and phase behavior alteration due to confinement in the nano-pore system.

Sehbi, Baljit Singh

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Argonne's IFR plays a role in environmentalists' support for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's IFR plays a role in environmentalists' support for nuclear energy Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents...

92

CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Office of Scientific & Technical Information NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 25, 2011 CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's...

93

Haynesville-Bossier Shale Play, Texas-Louisiana Salt Basin  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Haynesville-Bossier Shale Play, Texas-Louisiana Salt Basin Source: Energy Information Administration based on data from HPDI, TX Railroad Commission, ...

94

At EMSL, nanoscience and nanotechnology play a critical, crosscutting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMSL, nanoscience and nanotechnology play a critical, crosscutting role in our mission to integrate experimental and computational resources for innovations that support the U.S....

95

Defining the integers in expansions of the real field by a closed discrete set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let $D\\subseteq \\mathbb{R}$ be closed and discrete and $f:D^n \\to \\mathbb{R}$ be such that $f(D^n)$ is somewhere dense. We show that $(\\mathbb{R},+,\\cdot,f)$ defines $\\mathbb{Z}$. As an application, we get that for every $\\alpha,\\beta \\in \\mathbb{R}$ with $\\log_{\\alpha}(\\beta)\

Hieronymi, Philipp

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Role playing games: comparative analysis across two media platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Role Playing Games (RPGs) is a popular game form. RPGs have been translated into all media formats, and are also a rare example of functioning interactive narratives. Despite the popularity of these games, especially within computer games, and the possibility ... Keywords: computer games, information systems, interactive narrative, multiplayer games, role playing game

Anders Tychsen

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Open Transport Switch A Software Defined Networking Architecture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Open Transport Switch - A Software Defined Networking Architecture for Transport Networks Abhinava Sadasivarao * Sharfuddin Syed * Ping Pan * Chris Liou * Andrew Lake Chin Guok...

98

Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Role of...

99

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value of Vehicle-to-Grid Technologies for the United States Department of Defense Speaker(s): Camron Gorguinpour Date:...

100

Collective artificial intelligence : simulated role-playing from crowdsourced data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collective Artificial Intelligence (CAl) simulates human intelligence from data contributed by many humans, mined for inter-related patterns. This thesis applies CAI to social role-playing, introducing an end-to-end process ...

Orkin, Jeffrey David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Modeling medical devices for plug-and-play interoperability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the challenges faced by clinical engineers is to support the connectivity and interoperability of medical-electrical point-of-care devices. A system that could enable plug-and-play connectivity and interoperability ...

Hofmann, Robert Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

North Carolina Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights North Carolina Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights July 19, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Energy efficient metal halide lighting is replacing the outdated lighting system at Mecklenburg Park. | Photo courtesy of Michael Jaycocks Energy efficient metal halide lighting is replacing the outdated lighting system at Mecklenburg Park. | Photo courtesy of Michael Jaycocks Nearly 600 games are played on four athletic fields as North Mecklenburg Park, one of the largest parks in Huntersville, N.C. Busy as it is with 277,000 annual visitors, the park had a major problem: The 20-year-old field lighting system was not only inefficient but also increasingly unsafe for recreational softball leagues, high school teams and the public. "Staff would have to turn lights on early for games and practices to be

103

TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

Cugola, Gianpaolo

104

Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency June 28, 2010 - 6:03pm Addthis The city of Brea, California, had a problem: The lighting in its Brea Junior High Park was becoming obsolete. The park, one of the busiest maintained by this northern Orange County city, needed the lighting for nighttime use of its sports fields and courts. The existing system was not only extremely inefficient, but scheduled to be phased out of production. That meant the city would soon be unable to buy replacement bulbs. But due to the budget problems plaguing municipalities across California and the country, Brea had trouble finding the money to pay for a complete retrofit -- especially because the savings to the city from more efficient lights would not be large enough to repay the investment quickly.

105

Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency Playing Around with Lighting Efficiency June 28, 2010 - 6:03pm Addthis The city of Brea, California, had a problem: The lighting in its Brea Junior High Park was becoming obsolete. The park, one of the busiest maintained by this northern Orange County city, needed the lighting for nighttime use of its sports fields and courts. The existing system was not only extremely inefficient, but scheduled to be phased out of production. That meant the city would soon be unable to buy replacement bulbs. But due to the budget problems plaguing municipalities across California and the country, Brea had trouble finding the money to pay for a complete retrofit -- especially because the savings to the city from more efficient lights would not be large enough to repay the investment quickly.

106

EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard Improvements EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard Improvements July 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The highly-efficient, biomass-fired cogeneration facility at the Savannah River Site replaced a 1950s-era coal-fired plant and will result in significantly reduced pollutant emissions, including a reduction of 100,000 metric tons per year of carbon dioxide emissions. The highly-efficient, biomass-fired cogeneration facility at the Savannah River Site replaced a 1950s-era coal-fired plant and will result in significantly reduced pollutant emissions, including a reduction of 100,000 metric tons per year of carbon dioxide emissions. WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM's clean energy contributions helped DOE achieve a

107

EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard Improvements EM Plays Integral Role in Department's Sustainability Scorecard Improvements July 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The highly-efficient, biomass-fired cogeneration facility at the Savannah River Site replaced a 1950s-era coal-fired plant and will result in significantly reduced pollutant emissions, including a reduction of 100,000 metric tons per year of carbon dioxide emissions. The highly-efficient, biomass-fired cogeneration facility at the Savannah River Site replaced a 1950s-era coal-fired plant and will result in significantly reduced pollutant emissions, including a reduction of 100,000 metric tons per year of carbon dioxide emissions. WASHINGTON, D.C. - EM's clean energy contributions helped DOE achieve a

108

Bush Administration Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Global Climate Change Bush Administration Plays Leading Role in Studying and Addressing Global Climate Change February 27, 2007 - 3:49pm Addthis Washington, DC - Continuing to take the lead in addressing global climate change, Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Stephen Johnson, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator Vice Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher discussed Working Group I's contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report released today by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The report confirms what President Bush has said about the nature of climate change and it reaffirms the need for continued U.S. leadership in

109

Methodology for Defining Gap Areas between Course-over-ground Locations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding all areas that lie outside some distance d from a polyline is a problem with many potential applications. This application of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software required finding all areas that were more than distance d from a set of existing paths (roads and trails) represented by polylines. An outer container polygon (known in VSP as a “sample area”) defines the extents of the area of interest. The term “gap area” was adopted for this project, but another useful term might be “negative coverage area.” The project required a polygon solution rather than a raster solution. The search for a general solution provided no results, so this methodology was developed

Wilson, John E.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

110

OpenEI:Projects/Defining Namespaces | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

share ideas here about how we should be defining Properties and Categories within OpenEI. Participants Note: to become part of this project, put at the bottom of this...

111

What community?: facilitating awareness of 'community' through playful triggers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Notions of 'community' are still taken-for-granted in Participatory Design discourse, omitting critical examination of how people participate in projects to achieve and evaluate community-based participation and outcomes. This paper critically reflects ... Keywords: bushfire, community empowerment, design 'scaffolds', participatory disaster risk assessment, playful triggers, visualisation

Yoko Akama; Tania Ivanka

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Games Computers Play: GameTheoretic Aspects of Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Games Computers Play: Game­Theoretic Aspects of Computing Nathan Linial \\Lambda 1 Introduction Computers may interact in great many ways. A parallel computer consists of a group of processors which cooperate in order to solve large­scale computational problems. Computers compete against each other

Linial, Nathan "Nati"

113

Playing Nature: The Virtual Ecology of Game Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

License. 4. “FarmVille – Facebook application metrics froma web browser and log in to Facebook, the undisputed socialestablished territories; and Facebook and the Chinese QQ

Chang, Alenda Y.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope ratios in Cenozoic basalts from the Coso Range and surrounding areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: A major lithospheric boundary in eastern California defined by isotope ratios in Cenozoic basalts from the Coso Range and surrounding areas Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Sr and Nd isotope ratios of Miocene-Recent basalts in eastern California, when screened for crustal contamination, vary dramatically and indicate the presence of a major lithospheric boundary that is not obvious from surface geology. Tectonic and geochemical interpretation of this boundary is difficult, however, because there are so many potential

115

Executive Orders Defining Tribal Relationships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Orders Defining Tribal Relationships Executive Orders Defining Tribal Relationships Executive Orders Defining Tribal Relationships Executive Order 13592 Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011). Superseded EO 13021 to ensure that all American Indian students, regardless of which institution they attend, receive support from the federal government at elementary through college levels. This EO also creates an Interagency Working Group on AI/AN Education to establish educational goals across the government. Executive Order 13096 American Indian and Alaska Education (1998). Directs federal agencies to improve the academic performance of American Indian and Alaska Native students via six goals: (1) improving reading and mathematics (2) increasing high school completion

116

In polite company: rules of play in five Facebook games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications developed for the popular social network site Facebook frequently take the form of online games, but designers need to consider the conventions governing politeness, aggression, reciprocity, and obligation carefully in both online and face-to-face ... Keywords: Facebook applications, computer games, social networks

Elizabeth Losh

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

New basins invigorate U.S. gas shales play  

SciTech Connect

While actually the first and oldest of unconventional gas plays, gas shales have lagged the other main unconventional gas resources--tight gas and coalbed methane--in production and proved reserves. Recently, however, with active drilling of the Antrim shales in Michigan and promising results from the Barnett shales of North Texas, this gas play is growing in importance. While once thought of as only an Appalachian basin Devonian-age Ohio shales play and the exclusive domain of regional independents, development of gas shales has expanded to new basins and has began to attract larger E and P firms. Companies such as Amoco, Chevron, and Shell in the Michigan basin and Mitchell Energy and Development and Anadarko Petroleum Corporation in the Fort Worth basin are aggressively pursuing this gas resource. This report, the third of a four part series assessing unconventional gas development in the US, examines the state of the gas shales industry following the 1992 expiration of the Sec. 29 Nonconventional Fuels Tax Credit. The main questions being addressed are first, to what extent are these gas sources viable without the tax credit, and second, what advances in understanding of these reservoirs and what progress in extraction technologies have changed the outlook for this large but complex gas resource?

Reeves, S.R.; Kuuskraa, V.A. [Advanced Resources International Inc., Arlington, VA (United States); Hill, D.G. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] (as opposed to [open quotes]extreme[close quotes]) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets [open quotes]extreme[close quotes] loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

Kelley, N.D.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} (as opposed to {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes}) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes} loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

Kelley, N.D.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Defining resilience within a risk-informed assessment framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of resilience is the subject of considerable discussion in academic, business, and governmental circles. The United States Department of Homeland Security for one has emphasised the need to consider resilience in safeguarding critical infrastructure and key resources. The concept of resilience is complex, multidimensional, and defined differently by different stakeholders. The authors contend that there is a benefit in moving from discussing resilience as an abstraction to defining resilience as a measurable characteristic of a system. This paper proposes defining resilience measures using elements of a traditional risk assessment framework to help clarify the concept of resilience and as a way to provide non-traditional risk information. The authors show various, diverse dimensions of resilience can be quantitatively defined in a common risk assessment framework based on the concept of loss of service. This allows the comparison of options for improving the resilience of infrastructure and presents a means to perform cost-benefit analysis. This paper discusses definitions and key aspects of resilience, presents equations for the risk of loss of infrastructure function that incorporate four key aspects of resilience that could prevent or mitigate that loss, describes proposed resilience factor definitions based on those risk impacts, and provides an example that illustrates how resilience factors would be calculated using a hypothetical scenario.

Coles, Garill A.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Holter, Gregory M.; Bass, Robert B.; Dagle, Jeffery E.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Comparison of resource assessment methods and geologic controls--deep natural gas plays and zones, United States and Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep (greater than 4.5 km--15,000 ft) conventional natural gas resources will play an important role in the future energy needs of the United States and Russia. Deep sedimentary basins are widespread in these countries and have formed in a variety of depositional and tectonic settings. Significant volumes of undiscovered deep natural gas are in the Gulf Coast, Anadarko, Permian, and Rocky Mountain basins of the U.S., and in the Timan-Pechora, West Siberia, East Siberia, and North and South Caspian basins of the former Soviet Union. Deep natural gas resources are regularly assessed by the All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Institute (VNIGRI) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of their normal research activities. Both VNIGRI and the USGS employ similar assessment methods involving play (or zone) analysis using geological data and based on an analysis of confirmed and hypothetical plays using field-size distributions, discovery-process models, and statistical estimation procedures that yield probabilistic estimates of undiscovered accumulations. Resource estimates for the deep structural and statigraphic plays of the Anadarko basin and deep Paleozoic zones in the Timan-Pechora basin are compared and contrasted using both methods. Differences in results of assessments between VNIGRI and USGS arise due to (1) the way in which plays/zones are defined, (2) different geochemical models for hydrocarbon generation as applied to hypothetical plays, (3) variations in the ways in which statistical estimation procedures are applied to plays and regions, and (4) differences in economic and technologic assumptions, reserve growth calculations, and accumulation size limits and ranges.

Dyman, T.S. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Belonin, M.D. (All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Benchmark problems in which equality plays the major role  

SciTech Connect

We have recently heard rumors that researchers are again studying paramodulation [Wos87] in the context of strategy for its control. In part to facilitate such research, and in part to provide test problems for evaluating other approaches to equality-oriented reasoning, we offer in this article a set of benchmark problems in which equality plays the dominant role. The test problems are taken from group theory, Robbins algebra, combinatory logic, and other areas. For each problem, we include appropriate clauses and comment as to its status with regard to provability by an unaided automated reasoning program.

Lusk, E.; Wos, L.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Benchmark problems in which equality plays the major role  

SciTech Connect

We have recently heard rumors that researchers are again studying paramodulation (Wos87) in the context of strategy for its control. In part to facilitate such research, and in part to provide test problems for evaluating other approaches to equality-oriented reasoning, we offer in this article a set of benchmark problems in which equality plays the dominant role. The test problems are taken from group theory, Robbins algebra, combinatory logic, and other areas. For each problem, we include appropriate clauses and comment as to its status with regard to provability by an unaided automated reasoning program.

Lusk, E.; Wos, L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Defining a data quality model for web portals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in technology and the use of the Internet have favoured the appearance of a great variety of Web applications, among them Web Portals. These applications are important information sources and/or means of accessing information. Many people need ... Keywords: data quality, information quality, quality model, web portal

Angélica Caro; Coral Calero; Ismael Caballero; Mario Piattini

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

License Renewal Application PREFACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following describes the information location, layout, and editorial conventions in the Beaver Valley Power Station (BVPS) License Renewal Application (hereinafter referred to as “this application ” or “the application”). Abbreviated names and acronyms used throughout the application are defined at the end of this preface. Commonly understood terms (such as U.S.) and terms used only in referenced document numbers may not be identified in this table. Regulatory documents such as NUREG-1801, Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) Report,

Beaver Valley; Power Station

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The tractability of CSP classes defined by forbidden patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a general problem central to computer science and artificial intelligence. Although the CSP is NP-hard in general, considerable effort has been spent on identifying tractable subclasses. The main two approaches consider structural properties (restrictions on the hypergraph of constraint scopes) and relational properties (restrictions on the language of constraint relations). Recently, some authors have considered hybrid properties that restrict the constraint hypergraph and the relations simultaneously. Our key contribution is the novel concept of a CSP pattern and classes of problems defined by forbidden patterns (which can be viewed as forbidding generic subproblems). We describe the theoretical framework which can be used to reason about classes of problems defined by forbidden patterns. We show that this framework generalises relational properties and allows us to capture known hybrid tractable classes. Although we are not close to obtaining a dichotomy concern...

Cooper, David A Cohen Martin C; Salamon, András Z

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A domain specific language to define gestures for multi-touch applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is increasingly common for software and hardware systems to support touch-based interaction. While the technology to support this interaction is still evolving, common protocols for providing consistent communication between hardware and software ... Keywords: TouchToolkit, domain specific language, domain-specific language, gesture, gesture definition language (GDL), multi-touch, multi-user, touch interaction

Shahedul Huq Khandkar; Frank Maurer

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

LANL to play key role in biofuel development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuel development Biofuel development LANL to play key role in biofuel development LANL to create a proof-of-concept system for commercializing algae-based biofuels or other advanced biofuels that can be transported and sold using the nation's existing fueling infrastructure. January 14, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

129

Technology management simply defined: A tweet plus two characters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to propose a definition of management of technology in a ''twitter'' form. In order to place the topical theme in the proper perspective, an exploration into the role technology plays in shaping our lives as well as the ... Keywords: A tweet, Competitive advantage, Digital divide, Disruptive technologies, E-commerce, Evolutionary technology, Innovation, L24, L81, L82, L83, L86, Leveraging technology, M15, M16, M31, N70, O30, O31, O32, Social media networks, Technology management, Technology management definition, Tourism and hospitality industry

Afie M. Badawy

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Playing games against nature: optimal policies for renewable resource allocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce a class of Markov decision processes that arise as a natural model for many renewable resource allocation problems. Upon extending results from the inventory control literature, we prove that they admit a closed form solution and we show how to exploit this structure to speed up its computation. We consider the application of the proposed framework to several problems arising in very different domains, and as part of the ongoing effort in the emerging field of Computational Sustainability we discuss in detail its application to the Northern Pacific Halibut marine fishery. Our approach is applied to a model based on real world data, obtaining a policy with a guaranteed lower bound on the utility function that is structurally very different from the one currently employed.

Ermon, Stefano; Gomes, Carla P; Selman, Bart

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Summary Statistics for Homemade ?Play Dough? -- Data Acquired at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

Using x-ray computerized tomography (CT), we have characterized the x-ray linear attenuation coefficients (LAC) of a homemade Play Dough{trademark}-like material, designated as PDA. Table 1 gives the first-order statistics for each of four CT measurements, estimated with a Gaussian kernel density estimator (KDE) analysis. The mean values of the LAC range from a high of about 2700 LMHU{sub D} 100kVp to a low of about 1200 LMHUD at 300kVp. The standard deviation of each measurement is around 10% to 15% of the mean. The entropy covers the range from 6.0 to 7.4. Ordinarily, we would model the LAC of the material and compare the modeled values to the measured values. In this case, however, we did not have the detailed chemical composition of the material and therefore did not model the LAC. Using a method recently proposed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), we estimate the value of the effective atomic number, Z{sub eff}, to be near 10. LLNL prepared about 50mL of the homemade 'Play Dough' in a polypropylene vial and firmly compressed it immediately prior to the x-ray measurements. We used the computer program IMGREC to reconstruct the CT images. The values of the key parameters used in the data capture and image reconstruction are given in this report. Additional details may be found in the experimental SOP and a separate document. To characterize the statistical distribution of LAC values in each CT image, we first isolated an 80% central-core segment of volume elements ('voxels') lying completely within the specimen, away from the walls of the polypropylene vial. All of the voxels within this central core, including those comprised of voids and inclusions, are included in the statistics. We then calculated the mean value, standard deviation and entropy for (a) the four image segments and for (b) their digital gradient images. (A digital gradient image of a given image was obtained by taking the absolute value of the difference between the initial image and that same image offset by one voxel horizontally, parallel to the rows of the x-ray detector array.) The statistics of the initial image of LAC values are called 'first order statistics;' those of the gradient image, 'second order statistics.'

Kallman, J S; Morales, K E; Whipple, R E; Huber, R D; Martz, A; Brown, W D; Smith, J A; Schneberk, D J; Martz, Jr., H E; White, III, W T

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

132

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2008-Defining the Limits of Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Defining the Limits of Oil Production Defining the Limits of Oil Production Preparing mid-term projections of oil production requires an assessment of the availability of resources to meet production requirements, particularly for the later years of the 2005-2030 projection period in IEO2008. The IEO2008 oil production projections were limited by three factors: the estimated quantity of petroleum in place before production begins (“petroleum-initially-in-place” or IIP), the percentage of IIP extracted over the life of a field (ultimate recovery factor), and the amount of oil that can be produced from a field in a single year as a function of its remaining reserves. Total IIP resources are the quantities of petroleum—both conventional and unconventional—estimated to exist originally in naturally occurring accumulations.a IIP resources are those quantities of petroleum which are estimated, on a given date, to be contained in known accumulations, plus those quantities already produced, as well as those estimated quantities in accumulations yet to be discovered. The estimate of IIP resources includes both recoverable and unrecoverable resources.

133

Defining How Botulinum Toxin Binds to the Synaptotagmin Receptor and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Defining How Botulinum Toxin Binds to Defining How Botulinum Toxin Binds to the Synaptotagmin Receptor and Creating Improved Therapeutics to Block Toxicity Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), the most potent toxin known, induces a potentially fatal paralytic condition known as "botulism". Botulism can occur when toxin-producing bacteria infect wounds (wound botulism) or the intestinal tract (infant/intestinal botulism), or following the ingestion of contaminated food in which toxin has been produced (food-borne botulism). In the USA, infant botulism represents the most common manifestation of the disease, where its prevalence has led to speculation of a link to sudden infant death syndrome. BoNTs are subdivided into seven distinct serotypes (types A through G), and an increasingly large number of subtypes continue to be identified within each serotype, highlighting the need to produce broad-spectrum therapeutics. BoNT variants are an important biochemical set of tools for understanding nerve function, and important therapeutic agents in current clinical use to provide relief to patients with a wide spectrum of neurological disorders.

134

Defining, expressing, and using context in a simulation environment  

SciTech Connect

Reuse and interoperability are two keywords in the mantra of the modeling and simulation community. In order to achieve these goals, one must be able to capture, express, and manage the context of individual entities, models, and applications. Capturing the context requires having a thorough understanding of what the entity, model, or application was intended to do and is able to do. While many aspects of context are not easily expressible in a format or language that could be understood and managed in a simulation environment, there are some aspects that can be and the authors discuss how these aspects can be represented in a generalized object-oriented framework.

Hummel, J. R.; Christiansen, J. H.

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

Toward Efficient Compilation of User-Defined Extensible Fortran Directives  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an approach for automatically generating optimized parallel code from serial Fortran program annotated with high level directives. A preprocessor analyzes both the program and the directives and generates efficient Fortran-90 code with calls to a communication library such as MPI. The unique aspect of this approach is that the directives and optimizations can be customized and extended by the expert programmers who would be using them in their applications. This approach enables the creation of parallel extensions to Fortran that are specific to individual applications or science domains.

Rosing, Matthew; Nieplocha, Jarek; Yabusaki, Steven B.

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

Defining future platform requirements for e-Science clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing has evolved in the commercial space to support highly asynchronous web 2.0 applications. Scientific computing has traditionally been supported by centralized federally funded supercomputing centers and grid resources with a focus on bulk-synchronous ... Keywords: MapReduce, cloud computing, data parallel computing, scientific computing

Lavanya Ramakrishnan; Keith R. Jackson; Shane Canon; Shreyas Cholia; John Shalf

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

DOE Joint Genome Institute: New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 8, 2009 September 8, 2009 New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by Diet-Provides Tool for Tracking Environmental Change WALNUT CREEK, CA-In line with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) interest in characterizing the biotic factors involved in global carbon cycling, the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) characterizes a diverse array of plants, microorganisms, and the communities in which they reside to inform options for reducing and stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases. Through a novel genomic approach detailed in the September 7 online edition and on the cover September 14 of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of scientists led by the University of New South Wales and the DOE JGI demonstrates how the microbial diversity of the oceans can be analyzed without necessarily

138

Coal Retirements: Defining the Need and the Efficiency Opportunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For decades, major areas of the United States have relied heavily on coal for electricity generation. Abundant and relatively cheap, coal has powered large swaths of the Southeast, Midwest, Mid-Atlantic and western United States. Aging equipment and increased environmental compliance needs are changing the economic paradigm for many coal-fired plants. Faced with rising fuel prices and requirements for major investments in pollution control equipment, some utilities expect to retire significant coal generation in the next few years. This paper will target eleven states that appear to be losing coal generation in the near future. It will discuss the likely amount of generation retirement in each state, based on several publicly available estimates. It will then discuss the role that energy efficiency and combined heat and power (CHP) might play in supplying reliable energy resources in areas that will be facing high amounts of generation retirement. Finally, this paper will discuss the types of policies and regulatory changes that could help encourage the alternative energy efficiency and CHP scheme discussed herein.

Chittum, A.; Farley, K.; Elliot, R. N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Title Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Publication Type...

140

Defining nuclear security in the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conference devoted to Reducing the Risks from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials presupposes that such risks exist. Few would disagree, but what are they? While debate on the nature and severity of risks associated with nuclear energy will always remain, it is easy to define a set of risks that are almost universally acknowledged. These include: (1) Nuclear warfare between states; (2) Continued proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-grade nuclear materials to states and non-state actors; (3) Terrorists or non-state actor acquisition or use nuclear weapons or nuclear materials; (4) Terrorists or non-state actors attack on a nuclear facility; and (5) Loss or diversion of nuclear weapons or materials by a state to unauthorized uses. These are listed in no particular order of likelihood or potential consequence. They are also very broadly stated, each one could be broken down into a more detailed set of discrete risks or threats. The fact that there is a strong consensus on the existence of these risks is evidence that we remain in an era of nuclear insecurity. This becomes even clearer when we note that most major trends influencing the probability of these risks continue to run in a negative direction.

Doyle, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Application of Liebowitz-Eftis nonlinear method to fracture control of welded structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fracture control of high toughness steels requires both crack initiation and propagation control. In ductile materials, crack propagation resistance plays a key role, but this quality is not readily definable by any of the existing testing standards. Liebowitz, Eftis et al proposed a comprehensive theoretical treatment applicable to ductile fracture. This was applied to a set of COD test data obtained from welds in high strength pipeline steels. Although more experimental work is required, the correlation between the COD results and the L-E analysis is excellent. This type of analysis may provide a basis for significant insight into ductile fracture toughness evaluation.

Shimizu, H.; Gibbon, W.M.; Lo, J.; Urednicek, M.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NGFS Played a Key Role in Neutrino Finding NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the Last Neutrino Mixing Angle February 7, 2013 | Tags: High Energy Physics...

143

Guidelines for personalizing the player experience in computer role-playing games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer role-playing games (CRPGs) are a genre of games that aims at providing similar gaming experience as paper and pen role-playing games. Personalized player experience is one main factor when capturing and maintaining interest of the player. However ... Keywords: computer role-playing games, personalization

Juha-Matti Vanhatupa

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Exploring Constructions of the Meanings of Play among Korean Preservice Kindergarten Teachers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to explore what the word "play" means and implies for Korean preservice kindergarten teachers in an early childhood teacher education program. The research questions under investigation were: (1) How do Korean preservice teachers with an early childhood emphasis view play? (2) How do factors such as culture and education influence the constructing of these views? The participants were ten Korean preservice kindergarten teachers enrolled in the Department of Early Childhood Education in one teacher education college in Korea. The data for this study was collected through in-depth qualitative interviews both individual and group and other qualitative methods. The findings of this study showed that Korean preservice kindergarten teachers had a conceptual conflict in the perception of general play and educational play. General play was considered as a fun, enjoyable, and spontaneous activity that is engaged in without concern for a specific outcome. General play was also thought as the opposite concept to work or study. Educational play was regarded as an ironical concept, since Korean preservice kindergarten teachers thought that learning occurs through working, not playing. Korean preservice kindergarten teachers theoretically advocated for the pedagogy of learning through play, just as they were taught in the teacher education program. However, Korean preservice kindergarten teachers did not agree with the practical effect of play on children's learning. Korean preservice kindergarten teachers were more supportive of a structured and pre-planned program for young children, believing that it resulted in better learning opportunities for children than a play-oriented program. The findings of the study revealed that personal experiences with play, the kind of education of the preservice teachers themselves received in their teacher training program, and Korean culture had significant roles in influencing the participant preservice teachers' ideas on play. This study implies that interpretations of play as an educational tool vary from culture to culture. Further research is needed to more deeply understand how views and attitudes on play are created and enacted.

Ahn, Soo Young

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Oil fields and new plays in the Rioni foreland basin, Republic of Georgia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rioni Basin in West Georgia is an Oligocene foredeep that evolved into a Miocene to Pliocene foreland basin, north of the Achara-Trialeti thrust belt and south of the Greater Caucasus. It extends to the west into the Black Sea. A large number of exploration wildcats have been drilled onshore since the nineteenth century and have led to the discovery of three fields. Exploration was prompted by seeps and restricted to frontal ramp anticlines mapped at surface. No wells have been drilled offshore. Supsa (discovered 1889) contains 29 MMbbl oil in clastic Sarmatian reservoirs. The field has around 50 wells but less than 0.5 MMbbl have been produced. Shromisubani (discovered 1973) contains oil within Maeotian and Pontian clastic reservoirs, Chaladidi oil within Upper Cretaceous chalk. Despite this long and apparently intensive exploration effort, several factors make the basin an exciting target for field redevelopment and further exploration. The quality of existing seismic is very poor both on-and offshore. Reinterpretation of the structure of the fold and thrust belt has suggested the presence of new targets and plays which may be imaged by modern seismic methods. In addition, due to problems associated with central planning, discovered fields have not been optimally developed or even fully appraised. The application of new technology, geological interpretation and investment promises to delineate substantial remaining reserves even after more than one hundred years of exploration.

Robinson, A.G.; Griffith, E.T. (JKX Oil and Gas, Guildford (United Kingdom)); Sargeant, J. (RES-Source Limited, Banchory (United Kingdom))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users 9: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges U-059: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges December 13, 2011 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Blackberry PlayBook File Sharing Option Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges. PLATFORM: BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software version 1.0.8.4985 and earlier ABSTRACT: A local user can obtain root privileges on the target tablet system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID:1026386 Vulnerability Summary for CVE-2011-0291 BlackBerry Technical Solution Center IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Blackberry PlayBook. A local user can obtain elevated privileges on the target system. On a tablet with File Sharing enabled and connected via USB to a system running BlackBerry

147

Development of the positional playing skills in different gamesituation roles in ice hockey.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The principal objective of the thesis is to provide coaches? video material to teach the most important playing skills based on players position assigned by… (more)

Martikainen, Saku

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Examining Coach Pathways and Learning Situations: High-Performance Head Hockey Coaches who Played Goal .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Using archival analysis and interviews this study examined the career pathways, learning experiences, and athletic experiences of 11 high-performance head hockey coaches who played goal… (more)

Crickard, Travis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

CREATING A GEOLOGIC PLAY BOOK FOR TRENTON-BLACK RIVER APPALACHIAN BASIN EXPLORATION  

SciTech Connect

The Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Research Consortium has made significant progress toward their goal of producing a geologic play book for the Trenton-Black River gas play. The final product will include a resource assessment model of Trenton-Black River reservoirs; possible fairways within which to concentrate further studies and seismic programs; and a model for the origin of Trenton-Black River hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs. All seismic data available to the consortium have been examined. Synthetic seismograms constructed for specific wells have enabled researchers to correlate the tops of 15 stratigraphic units determined from well logs to seismic profiles in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia and Kentucky. In addition, three surfaces for the area have been depth converted, gridded and mapped. A 16-layer velocity model has been developed to help constrain time-to-depth conversions. Considerable progress was made in fault trend delineation and seismic-stratigraphic correlation within the project area. Isopach maps and a network of gamma-ray cross sections supplemented with core descriptions allowed researchers to more clearly define the architecture of the basin during Middle and Late Ordovician time, the control of basin architecture on carbonate and shale deposition and eventually, the location of reservoirs in Trenton Limestone and Black River Group carbonates. The basin architecture itself may be structurally controlled, and this fault-related structural control along platform margins influenced the formation of hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in original limestone facies deposited in high energy environments. This resulted in productive trends along the northwest margin of the Trenton platform in Ohio. The continuation of this platform margin into New York should provide further areas with good exploration potential. The focus of the petrographic study shifted from cataloging a broad spectrum of carbonate rocks that occur in the Trenton-Black River interval to delineation of regional limestone diagenesis in the basin. A consistent basin-wide pattern of marine and burial diagenesis that resulted in relatively low porosity and permeability in the subtidal facies of these rocks has been documented across the study area. Six diagenetic stages have been recognized: four marine diagenesis stages and two burial diagenesis stages. This dominance of extensive marine and burial diagenesis yielded rocks with low reservoir potential, with the exception of fractured limestone and dolostone reservoirs. Commercial amounts of porosity, permeability and petroleum accumulation appear to be restricted to areas where secondary porosity developed in association with hydrothermal fluid flow along faults and fractures related to basement tectonics. A broad range of geochemical and fluid inclusion analyses have aided in a better understanding of the origin of the dolomites in the Trenton and Black River Groups over the study area. The results of these analyses support a hydrothermal origin for all of the various dolomite types found to date. The fluid inclusion data suggest that all of the dolomite types analyzed formed from hot saline brines. The dolomite is enriched in iron and manganese, which supports a subsurface origin for the dolomitizing brine. Strontium isotope data suggest that the fluids passed through basement rocks or immature siliciclastic rocks prior to forming the dolomites. All of these data suggest a hot, subsurface origin for the dolomites. The project database continued to be redesigned, developed and deployed. Production data are being reformatted for standard relational database management system requirements. Use of the project intranet by industry partners essentially doubled during the reporting period.

Douglas G. Patchen; Katharine Lee Avary; John M. Bocan; Michael Hohn; John B. Hickman; Paul D. Lake; James A. Drahovzal; Christopher D. Laughrey; Jaime Kostelnik; Taury Smith; Ron Riley; Mark Baranoski

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

DIGMA: a role playing game with agent plan reformulation and situational reassessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been used in various game genres such as strategy, adventure, and role-playing. Though it is widely used, there are still many issues that have yet to be addressed. Among these issues are the need for detection and handling ... Keywords: machine learning, multi-agent system, plan reformulation, role-playing game, situational reassessment

Paul Inventado; Merlin Suarez; Stephen Dellosa; Deryk De Guzman; Paul Lao

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Howdy pardner!: on free-to-play, sociability and rhythm design in FrontierVille  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite their rapid evolution and wide popularity social games played on Facebook have so far gained relatively little interest among academic game researchers. A close reading of the Facebook game FrontierVille aims to provide some starting points ... Keywords: FrontierVille, facebook, free-to-play, rhythm design, sociability, social games, social network games, virality, zynga

Heikki Tyni; Olli Sotamaa; Saara Toivonen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Going Solar in Record Time with Plug-and-Play PV | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Going Solar in Record Time with Plug-and-Play PV Going Solar in Record Time with Plug-and-Play PV Going Solar in Record Time with Plug-and-Play PV April 24, 2012 - 6:10pm Addthis A plug-and-play PV system is envisioned as a consumer friendly solar technology that uses an automatic detection system to initiate communication between the solar energy system and the utility when plugged into a PV-ready circuit. | Photo by iStock. A plug-and-play PV system is envisioned as a consumer friendly solar technology that uses an automatic detection system to initiate communication between the solar energy system and the utility when plugged into a PV-ready circuit. | Photo by iStock. Kevin Lynn Systems Integration Lead, SunShot Initiative What does this project do? The Energy Department is investing up to $5 million this year to

153

Plug and Play Distributed Power Systems for Smart-Grid Connected Building |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Plug and Play Distributed Power Systems Emerging Technologies » Plug and Play Distributed Power Systems for Smart-Grid Connected Building Plug and Play Distributed Power Systems for Smart-Grid Connected Building The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into plug-and-play distributed power systems for smart- grid connected buildings. Project Description This project seeks to advance and demonstrate a plug-and-play building energy micro-grid concept for integrating energy storage, loads, and sources at the building level with the external utility grid. The micro-grid demonstration is expected to include the following: Diesel synchronous generator Energy storage device Otis regenerative elevator system representing building critical loads Smart interface with the utility grid

154

Grounding linguistic analysis in control applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses the problem of grounding linguistic analysis in control applications, such as automated maintenance of computers and game playing. We assume access to natural language documents that describe the ...

Branavan, Satchuthananthavale Rasiah Kuhan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Charity Event Gives Department Employees an Excuse to Play with Their Food  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charity Event Gives Department Employees an Excuse to Play with Charity Event Gives Department Employees an Excuse to Play with Their Food Charity Event Gives Department Employees an Excuse to Play with Their Food September 1, 2011 - 3:52pm Addthis A sculpture of the U.S. Capitol, constructed by employees from The Department’s Human Capital Office. | Image credit: Hantz Leger, Department of Energy A sculpture of the U.S. Capitol, constructed by employees from The Department's Human Capital Office. | Image credit: Hantz Leger, Department of Energy Karissa Marcum Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs "Don't play with your food!" That was the advice, err mandate, that most of us received from our parents as children. Recently, Energy Department employees were encouraged to suspend that advice, if only for a day, and embrace their inner child.

156

Play Texts and Public Practice in the Chester Cycle, 1422-1607  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I grant you all the same gifte (lines 699-704). 3. Noah a.GOD (to NOAH): My blessinge nowe I give thee here, / toeven the slapstick of the Noah play is brief and effortless

Sergi, Matthew John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Gaming, world building, and narrative: using role-playing games to teach fiction writing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the findings from an experimental creative writing course entitled "Gaming, World Building, and Narrative" that incorporated digital and tabletop role-playing game principles to teach fiction writing. Students studied the narrative ...

Trent Hergenrader

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Solar Energy Systems for Homeowners Energy Department Announces Funding to Develop "Plug-and-Play" Solar Energy Systems for Homeowners April 24, 2012 - 10:15am Addthis Washington, D.C. - As part of the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $5 million available this year to develop "plug-and-play" photovoltaic (PV) systems that can be purchased, installed and operational in one day. This effort is part of the Department's broader strategy to spur solar power deployment by reducing non-hardware, or "soft" costs, such as installation, permitting, and interconnection, which currently amount to more than half of the total cost of residential systems. The funding will

159

NNSA Small Business Week 2012: Small businesses play vital role at LANL |  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Small businesses play vital role at LANL | Small businesses play vital role at LANL | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Small Business Week 2012: Small businesses ... NNSA Small Business Week 2012: Small businesses play vital role at LANL Posted By Office of Public Affairs Small businesses continue to play a vital role in the day-to-day operations

160

ScriptEase: motivational behaviors for interactive characters in computer role-playing games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ScriptEase is a tool that allows authors with no programming experience to create interactive stories for computer role-playing games. Instead of writing scripting code manually, game authors select design patterns that encapsulate frequent game scenarios, ...

Maria Cutumisu; Duane Szafron; Jonathan Schaeffer; Kevin Waugh; Curtis Onuczko; Jeff Siegel; Allan Schumacher

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Play and tolerance : notions of looseness in social and material assemblages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The material scenario provides the most illustrative of entry points into this collection of evidence embodying the difference between play and tolerance. In a material assemblage, the looseness in a joint (expansion, pin, ...

Voorhees, Jeremy, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Technology-Based Oil and Natural Gas Plays: Shale Shock! Could ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Technology-Based Oil and Natural Gas Plays: Shale Shock! Could There Be Billions in the Bakken? Through the use of technology, U.S. oil and natural gas operators are ...

163

Galactose Metabolism Plays a Crucial Role in Biofilm Formation by Bacillus subtilis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,a Pascale B. Beauregard,b Hera Vlamakis,b Richard Losick,a and Roberto Kolterb Department of Molecular Citation Chai Y, Beauregard PB, Vlamakis H, Losick R, Kolter R. 2012. Galactose metabolism plays a crucial

Losick, Richard M.

164

Lab plays key role in Richard Tapia Diversity in Computing Conference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

22713conf 02272013 Lab plays key role in Richard Tapia Diversity in Computing Conference Donald B Johnston, LLNL, (925) 423-4902, johnston19@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Elizabeth...

165

Find the new Science.gov Mobile App in Google Play! | OSTI, US...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Find the new Science.gov Mobile App in Google Play Return to main page Get quick, authoritative answers to science questions with the Science.gov App. Have a science question you...

166

Technology-Based Oil and Natural Gas Plays: Shale Shock! Could There Be Billions in the Bakken?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Technology-Based Technology-Based Oil and Natural Gas Plays: Shale Shock! Could There Be Billions in the Bakken? Through the use of technology, U.S. oil and natural gas operators are converting previously uneconomic oil and natural gas resources into proved reserves and production. The Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin is a success story of horizontal drilling, fracturing, and completion technologies. The recent, highly productive oil field discoveries within the Bakken Formation did not come from venturing out into deep uncharted waters heretofore untapped by man, nor from blazing a trail into pristine environs never open to drilling before. Instead, success came from analysis of geologic data on a decades-old producing area, identification of uptapped resources, and application of the new drilling and completion technology necessary to exploit them. In short, it came from using technology

167

U-119: Blackberry PlayBook Unspecified WebKit Bug Lets Remote Users Execute  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Blackberry PlayBook Unspecified WebKit Bug Lets Remote Users 9: Blackberry PlayBook Unspecified WebKit Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-119: Blackberry PlayBook Unspecified WebKit Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code March 7, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Blackberry PlayBook Unspecified WebKit Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: BlackBerry 6, BlackBerry 7, BlackBerry 7.1, and BlackBerry PlayBook tablet software ABSTRACT: A remote user can create HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026769 BlackBerry Security Notice Article ID: KB30152 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Blackberry PlayBook. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. A remote

168

NNSA's next generation safeguards initiative to define an effective state system of accounting and control  

SciTech Connect

The International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), the international outreach component of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), is a collaborative program that endeavors to strengthen international safeguards at all stages of nuclear development. One of the critical ways the program achieves this objective is through working with partners to increase the effectiveness of the State System of Accountancy for and Control of Nuclear Materials (SSAC) - the essential elements of national, regulatory and facility safeguards competencies that work as a system to provide the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the world the full assurance of the state's adherence to its safeguards agreements. INSEP provides assistance in developing a state's SSAC in a number of areas, from developing national legislation governing the possession and use of nuclear material to working with nuclear facility operators to developing good practices in waste management. INSEP has collaborated with foreign partners in peaceful nuclear applications for over two decades, but recently, it has focused its efforts on strengthening SSACs due to the growth of nuclear power worldwide, particularly in countries with limited nuclear infrastructures. This new area of focus has prompted INSEP to develop a model of SSAC competencies that will serve not only as a structure for its engagement with partner states, but also as a means to facilitate coordination with other states that provide training and assistance, and as a mechanism for evaluating the effectiveness of its work in reaching its intended objectives. While this model uses as its starting point the requirements on a State that are presented in the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and the Additional Protocol, it is not, in itself, a requirements document or guidance for implementing requirements. It is rather an analysis of what capabilities will be needed in a State to be able to meet requirements and to build confidence in the State System. Viewed from this perspective, the model can be thought of as a quality assurance tool that assists states in ensuring that the outputs of their State System (the tangible 'goods' that are provided to the International Atomic Energy Agency under the State's agreements) are of high quality. As such, this tool is for the internal use of a State System that wishes to assess and improve its capacity. It is not intended for comparison or outside evaluation. In addition to providing a self-assessment tool, INSEP expects this model to be useful in several other ways: it will inform the approach that INSEP uses in bilateral consultations to identify areas where INSEP outreach and training may be of value, and it will provide a structure for its training curriculum. It will help INSEP to evaluate the effectiveness of its outreach - where there are gaps in the training provided, and whether the training that is provided meets its stated objectives. Finally, it will provide a framework for coordinating with the IAEA and other member states in the 'harmonization' efforts currently underway to align the outreach efforts of states that provide safeguards training. This paper describes the process of evaluation that INSEP is developing. It looks at the expected usefulness of the metrics for conducting self-assessments and joint assessments and enabling partners to identify training needs. The paper begins with a description of various performance requirements that define what must be done at the state and facility level to implement effective and efficient international safeguards. Next, technical performance measures are discussed, that define how well a state and its facilities are fulfilling these requirements. Then a functional analysis is conducted to align the technical requirements with competencies and determine who should carry out the various activities necessary to fulfill the performance requirements. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion about SEP's approach in applying the metrics to its outreach activities intended to

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sunshine, Alexander [NNSA; Matthews, Caroline [PNNL; Frazer, Sarah [PNNL; Matthews, Carrie [NON LANL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

NNSA's next generation safeguards initiative to define an effective state system of accounting and control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), the international outreach component of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), is a collaborative program that endeavors to strengthen international safeguards at all stages of nuclear development. One of the critical ways the program achieves this objective is through working with partners to increase the effectiveness of the State System of Accountancy for and Control of Nuclear Materials (SSAC) - the essential elements of national, regulatory and facility safeguards competencies that work as a system to provide the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the world the full assurance of the state's adherence to its safeguards agreements. INSEP provides assistance in developing a state's SSAC in a number of areas, from developing national legislation governing the possession and use of nuclear material to working with nuclear facility operators to developing good practices in waste management. INSEP has collaborated with foreign partners in peaceful nuclear applications for over two decades, but recently, it has focused its efforts on strengthening SSACs due to the growth of nuclear power worldwide, particularly in countries with limited nuclear infrastructures. This new area of focus has prompted INSEP to develop a model of SSAC competencies that will serve not only as a structure for its engagement with partner states, but also as a means to facilitate coordination with other states that provide training and assistance, and as a mechanism for evaluating the effectiveness of its work in reaching its intended objectives. While this model uses as its starting point the requirements on a State that are presented in the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and the Additional Protocol, it is not, in itself, a requirements document or guidance for implementing requirements. It is rather an analysis of what capabilities will be needed in a State to be able to meet requirements and to build confidence in the State System. Viewed from this perspective, the model can be thought of as a quality assurance tool that assists states in ensuring that the outputs of their State System (the tangible 'goods' that are provided to the International Atomic Energy Agency under the State's agreements) are of high quality. As such, this tool is for the internal use of a State System that wishes to assess and improve its capacity. It is not intended for comparison or outside evaluation. In addition to providing a self-assessment tool, INSEP expects this model to be useful in several other ways: it will inform the approach that INSEP uses in bilateral consultations to identify areas where INSEP outreach and training may be of value, and it will provide a structure for its training curriculum. It will help INSEP to evaluate the effectiveness of its outreach - where there are gaps in the training provided, and whether the training that is provided meets its stated objectives. Finally, it will provide a framework for coordinating with the IAEA and other member states in the 'harmonization' efforts currently underway to align the outreach efforts of states that provide safeguards training. This paper describes the process of evaluation that INSEP is developing. It looks at the expected usefulness of the metrics for conducting self-assessments and joint assessments and enabling partners to identify training needs. The paper begins with a description of various performance requirements that define what must be done at the state and facility level to implement effective and efficient international safeguards. Next, technical performance measures are discussed, that define how well a state and its facilities are fulfilling these requirements. Then a functional analysis is conducted to align the technical requirements with competencies and determine who should carry out the various activities necessary to fulfill the performance requirements. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion about SEP's approach in applying the metrics to its outreach activities intended to

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sunshine, Alexander [NNSA; Matthews, Caroline [PNNL; Frazer, Sarah [PNNL; Matthews, Carrie [NON LANL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Parameters defining flow resistance and the friction factor behavior in liquid annular seals with deliberately roughened surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-contacting annular seals are internal sealing devices used in rotating machinery, such as multistage centrifugal pumps and compressors. Their design affects both efficiency and rotor stability. Traditional plain and labyrinth seals are being replaced with stators containing different roughness patterns to reduce leakage and enhance rotor response. Several roughened seal experiments with liquid and air have produced leakage data indicating that the friction factor increases as the seal clearance is increased. Simplified models based on bulk flow theory and Moody�s approach to characterize wall friction in pipes cannot explain this outcome. This research is an extension of a 2-D numerical analysis of flat plate experiments with water which found that friction factor of these surfaces is governed by the roughness� ability to develop high static pressures. An exhaustive 3-D numerical analysis of several experiments with liquid annular seals has been performed using a CFD code. Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of turbulent channel flow and smooth seals were replicated within 1% using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations and turbulence modeling. Similarly, measured groove seal leakage rates were reproduced within 2%. On the other hand, no turbulence model combination predicts the leakage in most 3-D pattern roughened seals with the same accuracy. Present results reproduce the friction factor �plateau� behavior predicted with the 2-D analysis and observed in the flat plate experiments. They also reproduce the friction-factor-to-clearance indifference behavior, the maximum friction factor observed in a specific roughness pattern size is independent of the actual clearance in a certain Reynolds number range, but clarify the role of the roughness length-to-clearance ratio and the actual roughness size in defining the friction-factor-toclearance proportionality. All simulations indicate that roughened surface area and roughness aspect ratios are the parameters defining the friction factor at a given seal clearance. The roughness pattern size, relevant in determining the friction-factor-to-clearance proportionality, plays a moderate role once the above cited ratios are defined. In any shape and size, shallow patterns are predicted and observed to provide larger friction factors than deep patterns. Predictions also confirm limited experimental data showing that friction factor is affected by the mean flow orientation relative to the roughness pattern. Solving RANS equations is sufficient to model simple seal geometries but might not be enough to replicate turbulent flow in liquid annular seals with roughened surfaces.

Villasmil Urdaneta, Larry Alfonso

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

ROTC Day participants discuss role science, engineering will play in future  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

ROTC Day participants discuss role science, engineering will play in future ROTC Day participants discuss role science, engineering will play in future military careers | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > ROTC Day participants discuss role science, engineering ... ROTC Day participants discuss role science, engineering will play in future

172

Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department August 15, 2012 - 1:40pm Addthis Karl Fraiser, a member of the Savannah River Special Emphasis Planning Committee, meets with Dot Harris at the site’s Women’s Equality Day Celebration. | Photo by Rob Davis, Savannah River Site. Karl Fraiser, a member of the Savannah River Special Emphasis Planning Committee, meets with Dot Harris at the site's Women's Equality Day Celebration. | Photo by Rob Davis, Savannah River Site. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity We Need to Get More Women Involved Women hold only 27 percent of jobs in science and engineering-sectors that are essential to our nation's growth in a 21st

173

CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 25, 2011 CERN Multimedia Now Playing at DOE's ScienceCinema Oak Ridge, TN - CERN's voices and videos are now searchable via ScienceCinema (see Office of Science announcement). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has long had a productive relationship with CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. Today, that partnership reached a new level of scientific collaboration, thanks to CERN's opening of its scientific multimedia collections to searches by ScienceCinema. ScienceCinema was developed by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) to allow the spoken words of video recordings to be searched in precise and time-saving fashion. It uses the Microsoft Research

174

Table 4. Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2010-2011" Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2010-2011" "trillion cubic feet" ,,, 2010,, 2011,," Change 2011-2010" "Basin","Shale Play","State(s)","Production","Reserves","Production","Reserves","Production","Reserves" "Fort Worth","Barnett","TX",1.9,31,2,32.6,0.1,1.6 "Appalachian","Marcellus","PA, WV, KY, TN, NY, OH",0.5,13.2,1.4,31.9,0.9,18.7 "Texas-Louisiana Salt","Haynesville/Bossier","TX, LA",1.5,24.5,2.5,29.5,1,5 "Arkoma","Fayetteville","AR",0.8,12.5,0.9,14.8,0.1,2.3

175

U.S. Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays Review of Emerging Resources:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays Review of Emerging Resources: July 2011 www.eia.gov U.S. Depa rtment of Energy W ashington, DC 20585 This page inTenTionally lefT blank The information presented in this overview is based on the report Review of Emerging Resources: U.S. Shale Gas and Shale Oil Plays, which was prepared by INTEK, Inc. for the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The full report is attached. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies.

176

Ames Lab Plays Elemental Role in New PBS Special | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lab Plays Elemental Role in New PBS Special Lab Plays Elemental Role in New PBS Special Ames Lab Plays Elemental Role in New PBS Special April 4, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis New York Times technology correspondent David Pogue -- host of NOVA’s popular “Making Stuff” series -- takes viewers on a quest to understand chemistry and all of the materials of life: the 118 unique elements that make up the amazing periodic table, including the 90 naturally-occurring elements and those created by scientists. | Photo courtesy of PBS. New York Times technology correspondent David Pogue -- host of NOVA's popular "Making Stuff" series -- takes viewers on a quest to understand chemistry and all of the materials of life: the 118 unique elements that make up the amazing periodic table, including the 90 naturally-occurring

177

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's life enviable Ideal balance of work, play makes outdoor enthusiast's James Miller life enviable Nuclear engineer graduate research assistant gets valueable experience while taking advantage of local outdoor recreational activities. August 2, 2012 James Miller Miller first came to the Laboratory in 2006 as a summer student. His college advisor, a former LANL employee, found him an internship through the student programs office. Miller highly recommends LANL as a place to start a career, "The student programs are very mentor-driven, allowing you to gain phenomenal experience and build a professional network that will set you up for the rest of your life." "I have access to top-level scientists in the world, doing some of the best

178

NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the Last Neutrino  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NGFS Played a Key NGFS Played a Key Role in Neutrino Finding NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the Last Neutrino Mixing Angle February 7, 2013 | Tags: High Energy Physics (HEP), NERSC Global Filesystems (NGF), Science Gateways John Hules, JAHules@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 6008 XBD201107-00790-183.jpg Daya Bay Neutrino Facility in China. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Discovery of the last neutrino mixing angle - one of Science magazine's top ten breakthroughs of the year 2012 - was announced in March 2012, just a few months after the Daya Bay Neutrino Experiment's first detectors went online in southeast China. Collaborating scientists from China, the United States, the Czech Republic, and Russia were thrilled that their experiment was producing more data than expected, and that a positive

179

Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department August 15, 2012 - 1:40pm Addthis Karl Fraiser, a member of the Savannah River Special Emphasis Planning Committee, meets with Dot Harris at the site’s Women’s Equality Day Celebration. | Photo by Rob Davis, Savannah River Site. Karl Fraiser, a member of the Savannah River Special Emphasis Planning Committee, meets with Dot Harris at the site's Women's Equality Day Celebration. | Photo by Rob Davis, Savannah River Site. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity We Need to Get More Women Involved Women hold only 27 percent of jobs in science and engineering-sectors that are essential to our nation's growth in a 21st

180

Defining Eligible Families in Public housing and Welfare: the Traditions, Values, and Legalities of Family Form.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??DEFINING ELIGIBLE FAMILIES IN PUBLIC HOUSING AND WELFARE:THE TRADITIONS, VALUES, AND LEGALITIES OF FAMILY FORM By:Charlotte C. Johnson This paper examines how the definition of… (more)

Johnson, Charlotte Charlene

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Quantifying the Consequences of the Ill-Defined Nature of Neutral Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the absence of diapycnal mixing processes, fluid parcels move in directions along which they do not encounter buoyant forces. These directions define the local neutral tangent plane. Because of the nonlinear nature of the equation of state of ...

Andreas Klocker; Trevor J. McDougall

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Let's play chinese characters: mobile learning approaches via culturally inspired group games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many developing countries such as India and China, low educational levels often hinder economic empowerment. In this paper, we argue that mobile learning games can play an important role in the Chinese literacy acquisition process. We report on the ... Keywords: chinese education, chinese literacy, developing countries, ict4d, literacy acquisition, mobile games, traditional games

Feng Tian; Fei Lv; Jingtao Wang; Hongan Wang; Wencan Luo; Matthew Kam; Vidya Setlur; Guozhong Dai; John Canny

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

ScriptEase: Generating Scripting Code for Computer Role-Playing Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art in game scripting is to manually script individual game objects that interact in the game. Thousands of non-player characters (NPCs) and props need to be scripted before they play a part in a game adventure. This situation introduces ...

M. McNaughton; M. Cutumisu; D. Szafron; J. Schaeffer; J. Redford; D. Parker

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Texas Revolution Introduction: In this lesson, students will play a game to represent the Texas Revolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Revolution Introduction: In this lesson, students will play a game to represent the Texas to use in conjunction with teaching the battles of the Texas Revolution. A large area is needed the students into two teams: the Mexican Army and the Texas Army. Line each team up, shoulder to shoulder

Wilkins, Neal

185

Online gaming: a scoping study of massively multi-player online role playing games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The popularity of Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) has risen greatly over the last few years. To date there has been very little published academic research concerning online gaming and even less on the different types of online ... Keywords: Massively multiplayer online games, Scoping study

Alex Meredith; Zaheer Hussain; Mark D. Griffiths

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Through the looking glass: you can play against your own reflection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interactive artwork overturns the commonsense assumption that a looking glass reflects the world in front of it. The worlds outside and inside the looking glass are not symmetric in our optical system. This feature allows you to play an air-hockey ...

Yasuaki Kakehi; Takeshi Naemura

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

MusicSpace: You "Play" The Music Chun-Yu Tsai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MusicSpace: You "Play" The Music Chun-Yu Tsai Hung-Jung Lin Tzu-Hao Kuo Kai-Yin Cheng I-Chao Shen. Music and physical space are seldom associated together. Only few work combined them. The G-series music. Christoph [2007] proposed the roaring navigator which is a guiding system used in the zoo. Music can also

Ouhyoung, Ming

188

Playful bottle: a mobile social persuasion system to motivate healthy water intake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study of mobile persuasion system explores the use of a mobile phone, when attached to an everyday object used by an everyday behavior, becomes a tool to sense and influence that behavior. This mobile persuasion system, called Playful Bottle system, ... Keywords: hydration behavior, mobile computing, persuasive technology, ubiquitous computting

Meng-Chieh Chiu; Shih-Ping Chang; Yu-Chen Chang; Hao-Hua Chu; Cheryl Chia-Hui Chen; Fei-Hsiu Hsiao; Ju-Chun Ko

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Mobility of organic pollutants in soil components. What role can magic angle spinning NMR play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobility of organic pollutants in soil components. What role can magic angle spinning NMR play? C resonance (NMR) spectroscopy on dry samples. We recently demonstrated the potential of the 1 H high resolution magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR technique to study such mechanisms in situ on highly hydrated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

Exploring creative process via improvisation and the design method RePlay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RePlay is an exploratory method being developed by the author as a tool to observe creativity in action and how improvisation similar to brainstorming is a useful embodied technique in collaborative and an often inter-disciplinary design process. This ... Keywords: contextual information, creativity, design methods, design research, improvisation, reflection

Layda Gongora

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Table 4. Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2010-1011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2010-2011 Principal shale gas plays: natural gas production and proved reserves, 2010-2011 trillion cubic feet Basin Shale Play State(s) Production Reserves Production Reserves Production Reserves Fort Worth Barnett TX 1.9 31.0 2.0 32.6 0.1 1.6 Appalachian Marcellus PA, WV, KY, TN, NY, OH 0.5 13.2 1.4 31.9 0.9 18.7 Texas-Louisiana Salt Haynesville/Bossier TX, LA 1.5 24.5 2.5 29.5 1.0 5.0 Arkoma Fayetteville AR 0.8 12.5 0.9 14.8 0.1 2.3 Anadarko Woodford TX, OK 0.4 9.7 0.5 10.8 0.1 1.1 Western Gulf Eagle Ford TX 0.1 2.5 0.4 8.4 0.3 5.9 Sub-total 5.2 93.4 7.7 128.0 2.5 34.6 Other shale gas plays 0.2 4.0 0.3 3.6 0.1 -0.4 All U.S. Shale Plays 5.4 97.4 8.0 131.6 2.6 34.2 Change 2011-2010 2010 2011 Notes: Some columns may not add up to its subtotal because of independent rounding. Natural gas is wet after lease separation. The above table is

192

Requirements for Defining Utility Drive Cycles: An Exploratory Analysis of Grid Frequency Regulation Data for Establishing Battery Performance Testing Standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery testing procedures are important for understanding battery performance, including degradation over the life of the battery. Standards are important to provide clear rules and uniformity to an industry. The work described in this report addresses the need for standard battery testing procedures that reflect real-world applications of energy storage systems to provide regulation services to grid operators. This work was motivated by the need to develop Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) testing procedures, or V2G drive cycles. Likewise, the stationary energy storage community is equally interested in standardized testing protocols that reflect real-world grid applications for providing regulation services. As the first of several steps toward standardizing battery testing cycles, this work focused on a statistical analysis of frequency regulation signals from the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnect with the goal to identify patterns in the regulation signal that would be representative of the entire signal as a typical regulation data set. Results from an extensive time-series analysis are discussed, and the results are explained from both the statistical and the battery-testing perspectives. The results then are interpreted in the context of defining a small set of V2G drive cycles for standardization, offering some recommendations for the next steps toward standardizing testing protocols.

Hafen, Ryan P.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

193

Abstract--Software applications play a major role to support the smartness in Smart Grid. Such applications are in a never-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standardization · Smart Grid Communications: o Two-way Digital Communications Paradigm o Network Architectures oECE 5332 Communications and Control in Smart Grid Syllabus Instructor: Dr. Hamed Mohsenian-disciplinary field of Smart Grid. Catalog Description: Smart grid communications and control, covering several

194

Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Numerous geophysical logs have been made in three deep wells and in several intermediate depth core holes in the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho. Laboratory analyses of cores from the intermediate depth holes were used to provide a qualitative and quantitative basis for a detailed interpretation of logs from the shallow part of the reservoir. A less detailed interpretation of logs from the deeper part of the reservoir

195

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre-defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

196

A Review of Humor for Computer Games: Play, Laugh and More  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer games are now becoming ways to communicate, teach, and influence attitudes and behavior. In this article, we address the role of humor in computer games, especially in support of serious purposes. We begin with a review of the main theories ... Keywords: affective learning, communication, computer games, fun, game design, game mechanics, game-play, humor, incongruity, laughter, learning, player experience, relief, serious games, social presence, superiority

Claire Dormann; Robert Biddle

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Defining and Model Checking Abstractions of Complex Railway Models using CSP||B Faron Moller1. In [11, 10] we propose a new modelling approach for railway interlockings. We use CSP||B [13], which involves events such as train movements and, in the interlocking, state based reasoning. In this sense, CSP

Doran, Simon J.

198

Exploring parallelization for medium access schemes on many-core software defined radio architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As multi-standard devices and high speed communication standards are emerging, timeliness requirements and flexibility for both baseband modem and medium access schemes are becoming essential. Software Defined Radios (SDRs), in this context, aim at offering ... Keywords: mac, many-core, parallelization, sdr platform

Xi Zhang, Junaid Ansari, Manish Arya, Petri Mähönen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Rethinking end-to-end congestion control in software-defined networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TCP is designed to operate in a wide range of networks. Without any knowledge of the underlying network and traffic characteristics, TCP is doomed to continuously increase and decrease its congestion window size to embrace changes in network or traffic. ... Keywords: TCP, data center, software-defined network

Monia Ghobadi; Soheil Hassas Yeganeh; Yashar Ganjali

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Facet defining inequalities among graph invariants: The system GraPHedron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new computer system, called GraPHedron, which uses a polyhedral approach to help the user to discover optimal conjectures in graph theory. We define what should be optimal conjectures and propose a formal framework allowing to identify them. ... Keywords: Computer-assisted system, Conjecture, GraPHedron, Graph

Hadrien Mélot

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor saturation and changing motor parameters. In this paper a current control scheme is presented that ensures combustion vehicles already provide. Today's modern HEV and EV mostly include interior permanent magnet

Noé, Reinhold

202

Forecasting in high order fuzzy times series by using neural networks to define fuzzy relations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A given observation in time series does not only depend on preceding one but also previous ones in general. Therefore, high order fuzzy time series approach might obtain better forecasts than does first order fuzzy time series approach. Defining fuzzy ... Keywords: Forecasting, Fuzzy relation, Fuzzy set, High order fuzzy time series, Neural networks

Cagdas H. Aladag; Murat A. Basaran; Erol Egrioglu; Ufuk Yolcu; Vedide R. Uslu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Taxonomy of digital creatures: defining character development techniques based upon scope of use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using computer graphics to develop digital creatures from concept to realization requires a series of decisions based on how the character is expected to be seen. This course focuses on how to use a creature's scope of apearance to effectively define ...

Tim McLaughlin

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

How to Define Mean, Variance, etc., for Heavy-Tailed Distributions: A Fractal-Motivated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to Define Mean, Variance, etc., for Heavy-Tailed Distributions: A Fractal-Motivated Approach, USA vladik@utep.edu, olgak@utep.edu Abstract In many practical situations, we encounter heavy. In many such situations, the variance is infinite; such distributions are called heavy

Kreinovich, Vladik

205

A dual-processor solution for the MAC layer of a software defined radio terminal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considerable work has been devoted to studying flexible computation structures for the physical layer of a software defined radio (SDR) terminal. However there has been almost no research on protocol processors for the upper layer protocols such as the ... Keywords: SDR terminal, protocol processing, wireless platform

Hyunseok Lee; Trevor Mudge

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

HTS applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconductivity has found many attractive applications in medicine, science, power systems, engineering, transport and electronics. One of the most prominent applications of superconductivity are superconducting magnets e.g. MRI magnets, NMR magnets, accelerator magnets, and magnets for fusion; most applications still use low temperature superconductors. Since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity (HTS) in 1986 there has been a tremendous progress in R&D of HTS material, wires and applications. Especially for power system applications, HTS offers considerable economic benefits. Many HTS demonstrator or prototype applications have been built and successfully tested, and some HTS applications like cables and superconducting fault current limiters seem very close to commercialisation. This paper gives an overview about the present and future HTS applications in power applications, high field magnets and current leads. In addition results of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe program to develop H...

Noe, M; Fietz, W H; Goldacker, W; Schneider, Th

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Heat pipe applications workshop report  

SciTech Connect

The proceedings of the Heat Pipe Applications Workshop, held at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory October 20-21, 1977, are reported. This workshop, which brought together representatives of the Department of Energy and of a dozen industrial organizations actively engaged in the development and marketing of heat pipe equipment, was convened for the purpose of defining ways of accelerating the development and application of heat pipe technology. Recommendations from the three study groups formed by the participants are presented. These deal with such subjects as: (1) the problem encountered in obtaining support for the development of broadly applicable technologies, (2) the need for applications studies, (3) the establishment of a heat pipe technology center of excellence, (4) the role the Department of Energy might take with regard to heat pipe development and application, and (5) coordination of heat pipe industry efforts to raise the general level of understanding and acceptance of heat pipe solutions to heat control and transfer problems.

Ranken, W.A.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A Symposium Associated with the Opening of the Play Copenhagen in Washington  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On March 2, 2002 a special all day symposium was held in conjunction with the opening of the play Copenhagen in Washington. The play Copenhagen reenacts the 1941 visit of Werner Heisenberg, who was then in charge of the Nazi nuclear power program, to Niels Bohr, his mentor, and collaborator in creating quantum mechanics, complementarity, and the uncertainty principle, in German-occupied Denmark. The symposium entitled: THE COPENHAGEN INTERPRETATION: SCIENCE AND HISTORY ON STAGE was presented at the Baird Auditorium, in the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution. The program consisted of three two-hour sessions: (1) The Science of Copenhagen and its Influence of the 20th Century. (2) Bohr and Heisenberg: A strong Interaction. (3) Theater as Science ??? Science as Theater. The speakers included: Robert C. Card, Under Secretary of Energy; Ulrik Federspiel, Danish Ambassador to the US; John Marburger, III, Science Advisor President Bush; Jerome I. Friedman, MIT; Lene Vestergaard Hau, Harvard University; Richard Rhodes, Author; Rita Colwell, Director, NSF; Jeremy Bernstein, Author; Jochen H. Heisenberg, University of New Hampshire; Finn Aaserud, Director of the Niels Bohr Archive; Vilhelm A. Bohr, NIH; Thomas Powers, Author; Paul Lawrence Rose, Penn State University; Steven Barfield, University of Westminster, Jennifer Uphoff Gray, Associate Director, Copenhagen; Elizabeth Ireland McCann, Producer, Copenhagen; Lloyd Rose, Washington Post. Details of he program and useful information on the play Copenhagen are available on the web site http://web.gc.cuny.edu/ashp/nml/artsci/copenhagen.shtml . The complete symposium was video recorded and the set of 3 two-hour tapes can be obtained through the web site. The symposium was organized by Brian Schwartz, The Graduate Center, CUNY, Harry Lustig, Provost Emeritus at the City College of New York and Arthur Molella, Director, Lemelson Center, Smithsonian Institution. For further information contact Brian Schwartz bschwartz@gc.cuny.edu .

Schwartz, Brian

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

Fast strategies in Maker-Breaker games played on random boards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze classical Maker-Breaker games played on the edge set of a sparse random board $G\\sim \\gnp$. We consider the Hamiltonicity game, the perfect matching game and the $k$-connectivity game. We prove that for $p(n)\\geq \\text{polylog}(n)/n$, the board $G\\sim \\gnp$ is typically such that Maker can win these games asymptotically as fast as possible, i.e. within $n+o(n)$, $n/2+o(n)$ and $kn/2+o(n)$ moves respectively.

Clemens, Dennis; Krivelevich, Michael; Liebenau, Anita

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Fast Strategies In Maker-Breaker Games Played on Random Boards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze classical Maker-Breaker games played on the edge set of a sparse random board G ? Gn,p. We consider the Hamiltonicity game, the perfect matching game and the k-connectivity game. We prove that for p(n) ? polylog(n)/n, the board G ? Gn,p is typically such that Maker can win these games asymptotically as fast as possible, i.e. within n + o(n), n/2 + o(n) and kn/2 + o(n) moves respectively.

Dennis Clemens; Asaf Ferber; Michael Krivelevich; Anita Liebenau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Defining an end state for CO2 sequestration and EOR in North America  

SciTech Connect

CO{sub 2} capture and storage (CCS) presents a challenge to long-range planners, economic interests, regulators, law-makers, and other stakeholders and decision makers. To improve and optimize the use of limited resources and finances, it is important to define an end state for CCS. This ends state should be defined around desired goals and reasonable timelines for execution. While this definition may have substantial technology, policy or economic implications, it need not be prescriptive in terms of technology pathway, policy mechanism, or economic targets. To illustrate these concerns, this paper will present a credible vision of what an end state for North American might look like. From that, examples of key investment and planning decisions are provided to illustrate the value of end-state characterization.

Friedmann, S J

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

212

A.: Defining a benchmark suite for evaluating the import of OWL lite ontologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Semantic Web tools should be able to correctly interchange ontologies and, therefore, to interoperate. This interchange is not always a straightforward task if tools have different underlying knowledge representation paradigms. This paper describes the process followed to define a benchmark suite for evaluating the OWL import capabilities of ontology development tools in a benchmarking activity in progress in the Knowledge Web 1 European Network of Excellence. 1

Stefano David; Raúl García-castro; Asunción Gómez-pérez

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit and temperature sensor auto recognition technique.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit control system is proposed in this study. This is the foundation and the first… (more)

Zhou, Xiaohui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Playful bottle: a mobile social persuasion system to motivate healthy water intake Ubicomp'09  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study of mobile persuasion system explores the use of a mobile phone, when attached to an everyday object used by an everyday behavior, becomes a tool to sense and influence that behavior. This mobile persuasion system, called Playful Bottle system, makes use of a mobile phone attached to an everyday drinking mug and motivates office workers to drink healthy quantities of water. A camera and accelerometer sensors in the phone are used to build a vision/motion-based water intake tracker to detect the amount and regularity of water consumed by the user. Additionally, the phone includes hydration games in which natural drinking actions are used as game input. Two hydration games are developed: a single-user TreeGame with automated computer reminders and a multi-user ForestGame with computer-mediated social reminders from members of the group playing the game. Results from 7-week user study with 16 test subjects suggest that both hydration games are effective for encouraging adequate and regular water intake by users. Additionally, results of this study suggest that adding social reminders to the hydration game is more effective than system reminders alone.

Meng-chieh Chiu; Shih-ping Chang; Yu-chen Chang; Hao-hua Chu; Cheryl Chia-hui Chen; Fei-hsiu Hsiao; Ju-chun Ko

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Title Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, and Paul Berdahl Journal Solar Energy Volume 84 Pagination 1717-1744 Keywords Heat Island, Methods & Protocols Abstract Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective "cool colored" surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland US latitudes, this metric RE891BN can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope 5:12 [23°]) by as much as 89 W m-2, and underestimate its peak surface temperature by up to 5 K. Using RE891BN to characterize roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool roof net energy savings by as much as 23%.

216

PDF Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

?Computer Applications and Process Control. ?Copper Nickel and Cobalt ... ? Iron and Steel. ?Joining. ?Lead Zinc and Tin. ?Lightweight Materials.

217

Technologies Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaporation systems n Potential mining applications (produced water) nIndustry applications for which silicaLicensable Technologies Applications: n Cooling tower systems n Water treatment systems n Water needed n Decreases the amount of makeup water and subsequent discharged water (blowdown) n Enables

218

Communications Infrastructure for Distribution Applications and Automation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to determine the role that communications will play in the distribution system of the future and to define the research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) activities required to enable the communications infrastructure needed to support the future vision. The communications infrastructure needed to support the distribution system of the future must support scalability, flexibility, and interoperability for data and information exchange using standards across the entire g...

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

219

Deep, water-free gas potential is upside to New Albany shale play  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The New Albany shale of the Illinois basin contains major accumulations of Devonian shale gas, comparable both to the Antrim shale of the Michigan basin and the Ohio shale of the Appalachian basin. The size of the resource originally assessed at 61 tcf has recently been increased to between 323 tcf and 528 tcf. According to the 1995 US Geological Survey appraisal, New Albany shale gas represents 52% of the undiscovered oil and gas reserves of the Illinois basin, with another 45% attributed to coalbed methane. New Albany shale gas has been developed episodically for over 140 years, resulting in production from some 40 fields in western Kentucky, 20 fields in southern Indiana, and at least 1 field in southern Illinois. The paper describes two different plays identified by a GRI study and prospective areas.

Hamilton-Smith, T. [Hamilton-Smith LLC, Lexington, KY (United States)

1998-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

220

Wind Energy's New Role in Supplying the World's Energy: What Role Will Structural Health Monitoring Play?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy installations are leading all other forms of new energy installations in the United States and Europe. In Europe, large wind plants are supplying as much as 25% of Denmark's energy needs and 8% of the electric needs for Germany and Spain, who have more ambitious goals on the horizon. Although wind energy only produces about 2% of the current electricity demand in the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy, in collaboration with wind industry experts, has drafted a plan that would bring the U.S. installed wind capacity up to 20% of the nation's total electrical supply. To meet these expectations, wind energy must be extremely reliable. Structural health monitoring will play a critical role in making this goal successful.

Butterfield, S.; Sheng, S.; Oyague, F.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles by microorganisms and their applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of eco-friendly technologies in material synthesis is of considerable importance to expand their biological applications. Nowadays, a variety of inorganic nanoparticles with well-defined chemical composition, size, and morphology have ...

Xiangqian Li; Huizhong Xu; Zhe-Sheng Chen; Guofang Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Improved prognostic classification of breast cancer defined by antagonistic activation patterns of immune response pathway modules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Improved prognostic classification of breast cancer defined by antagonistic activation patterns of immune response pathway modules Andrew E Teschendorff1,8*, Sergio Gomez2, Alex Arenas2,3,4, Dorraya El-Ashry5, Marcus... that consistency and trends in mRNA expres- sion levels of interacting proteins may be used to infer pathway activity [6-8]. In this work we refer to both the perturbation signatures and molecular interaction mod- els as “model signatures”. These same studies...

Teschendorff, Andrew E; Gomez, Sergio; Arenas, Alex; El-Ashry, Dorraya; Schmidt, Marcus; Gehrmann, Mathias; Caldas, Carlos

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

223

Essential elements of modeling gas generation from well defined plutonium materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Processing of excess plutonium oxide (and related) materials intended for long-term storage is addressed in DOE standard 3013-2000. The essential elements addressed by this standard are eliminating or reducing to an acceptable level the entities that lead to gas evolution and consequent pressurization of the intended storage container system. Based upon the need to adequately understand and quantify these relevant parameters we briefly describe the current scientific knowledge of gas evolution from such systems. These associated research efforts have included fundamental kinetic and thermodynamic studies of water interactions at actinide oxide surfaces, radiolytic reactions of adsorbed water, interfacial reactions of hydrogen and oxygen, and radiolytic helium production. Utilizing, where possible, experimental parameters for many of the aforementioned processes we have developed a mathematical model with a minimum number of essential components that successfully models gas generation from well-defined PuO{sub 2} materials with known amounts of deliberately added water. In this work we verify this model against real pressure versus time data (described at greater length in another manuscript in these conference proceedings) and subsequently assure the safety envelope of design criteria for both short- and long-term storage and transportation of these material classes. These modeling results predict pressures and gas phase mole fractions over well-defined DOE 3013 container test cases well in advance of actual long-term surveillance information and provide confidence in safe storage of plutonium oxide material classes.

Paffett, M. T. (Mark T.); Kelly, D. (Daniel)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Semantic-driven Parallelization of Loops Operating on User-defined Containers  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe ROSE, a C++ infrastructure for source-to-source translation, that provides an interface for programmers to easily write their own translators for optimizing user-defined high-level abstractions. Utilizing the semantics of these high-level abstractions, they demonstrate the automatic parallelization of loops that iterate over user-defined containers that have interfaces similar to the lists, vectors and sets in the Standard Template Library (STL). The parallelization is realized in two phases. First, they insert OpenMP directives into a serial program, driven by the recognition of the high-level abstractions, containers, that are thread-safe. Then, they translate the OpenMP directives into library routines that explicitly create and manage parallelism. By providing an interface for the programmer to classify the semantics of their abstractions, they are able to automatically parallelize operations on containers, such as linked-lists, without resorting to complex loop dependence analysis techniques. The approach is consistent with general goals within telescoping languages.

Quinlan, D; Schordan, M; Yi, Q; de Supinski, B R

2003-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

PETSc: Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications and Publications Applications and Publications Home Download Features Documentation Applications/Publications Prizes Industrial/DOE sites DOE CSGF users Miscellaneous External Software Developers Site These are publications on application simulations developed by PETSc users. Please send us information about your publications, petsc-maint@mcs.anl.gov. How to cite PETSc in your publications. See Acknowledgments for software packages that PETSc uses. PETSc has been used for modeling in all of these areas: Acoustics, Aerodynamics, Air Pollution, Arterial Flow, Bone Fractures, Brain Surgery, Cancer Surgery, Cancer Treatment, Carbon Sequestration, Cardiology, Cells, CFD, Combustion, Concrete, Corrosion, Data Mining, Dentistry, Earth Quakes, Economics, Fission, Fusion, Glaciers, Ground Water Flow, Linguistics,

226

Application: Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application: Electronics. ... Suppression of Electrical Cable Fires: Development of a Standard PVC Cable Fire Test for ISO 14520-1.. Robin, ML ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

227

Application Form  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS. The application ... Note: Applying for the travel award does not enter your abstract into the TMS Conference Management System.

228

brochure application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetohydrodynamics. 19. Measurement Techniques for Pot Analysis ... Country ... Be sure to note your personal topics of interest on the application because ...

229

Defining and controlling the heterogeneity of a cluster: The Wrekavoc tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The experimental validation and the testing of solutions that are designed for heterogeneous environments are challenging. We introduce Wrekavoc as an accurate tool for this purpose: it runs unmodified applications on emulated multi-site heterogeneous ... Keywords: Emulation, Heterogeneous systems, Performance modeling, Tool for experimentation

Louis-Claude Canon; Olivier Dubuisson; Jens Gustedt; Emmanuel Jeannot

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Piecewise structural diffusion defined on shape index for noise reduction in dual-energy CT images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing radiation dose in dual-energy CT (DE-CT) scanning due to the double exposures at 80 kVp and 140 kVp is a major concern in the application of DE-CT. This paper presents a novel image-space denoising method, called piecewise structural ... Keywords: dual-energy CT, dual-energy CT colonography, noise reduction

Wenli Cai; June-Goo Lee; Da Zhang; Christina Piel; Hiroyuki Yoshida

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Experience in using a process language to define scientific workflow and generate dataset provenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our experiences in exploring the applicability of software engineering approaches to scientific data management problems. Specifically, this paper describes how process definition languages can be used to expedite production of scientific ... Keywords: continuous process improvement, data provenance, scientific workflow

Leon J. Osterweil; Lori A. Clarke; Aaron M. Ellison; Rodion Podorozhny; Alexander Wise; Emery Boose; Julian Hadley

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Potential for new stratigraphic play in Mississippian Midale anhydrite, eastern Williston basin  

SciTech Connect

Midale (Mississippian) production was first indicated in 1953 in Saskatchewan, Canada. The productive unit was defined initially in the subsurface as the carbonate interval between the top of the Frobisher Anhydrite and the base of the Midale Anhydrite. This same nomenclature is used in this paper. In 1953, Midale production was found on the United States side of the Williston basin in Bottineau County, North Dakota. Later exploration extended Midale production western into Burke County, North Dakota, in 1955. Cumulative production from the Midale is approximately 660 million bbl with 640 million from the Canadian side of the Williston basin. Initially, hydrocarbon entrapment in the Midale was believed to be controlled by the Mississippian subcrop, with the Burke County production controlled by low-relief structural closure. Petrographic examination of cores and cuttings from the Midale in both Saskatchewan, Canada, and Burke and Bottineau Counties, North Dakota, indicates that production is controlled by facies changes within the unit. Use of a transgressive carbonate tidal-flats model best explains current production patterns and indicates substantial potential for additional production in eastern North Dakota and South Dakota.

Porter, L.A.; Reid, F.S.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Nanochannel and its application in analytical chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nanochannels method for the separation and detection of analytes plays an important role in the analytical chemistry and is exhibiting the great potential advantages and promising future. In this review we bring together and discuss a number of nanochannels ... Keywords: applications, nanochannels, preparation, separation

Zenglian Yue; Guoqing Zhao; Bin Peng; Shasheng Huang

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Access Authorization: Defining Significant Defects in Judgement or Reliability (ORISE 05-0258, 2005)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Security U. S. Department of Energy Center for Human Reliability Studies Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Operated by Oak Ridge Associated Universities for the U. S. Department of Energy Access Authorization: Defining Significant Defects in Judgment or Reliability ORISE 05-0258 Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is a university consortium leveraging the scientific strength of major research institutions to advance science and education by partnering with national laboratories, government agencies, and private industry. ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a DOE facility focusing on scientific initiatives to research

235

Caught in the act: the stage as a backdrop for defining crime in early modern England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study seeks to explicate the complex relationship between crime and drama in early modern England. In a historical context of social, political, and religious upheaval, defining criminality becomes an essential component of maintaining social control when class conflicts often color the administration of justice. Several social stages, including the ceremony of the church, the pomp of the royal court, and the spectacle of criminal punishment, provide a setting in which criminals can be compared to actors. With old power structures reluctantly crumbling in response to economic change, the theater itself emerges as a forum for discussion where themes of corruption in the church and government are introduced. Shakespeare's Measure for Measure, John Webster's The Duchess of Malfi, and Ben Jonson's Bartholomew Fair offer examples of the relative nature of criminality and the unique role of the stage in conglomerating all of the societal stages to comment on their transgressions and shortcomings before an audience comprised of varying social classes.

Orman, Lindsay Erin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods of defining ontologies, word disambiguation methods, computer systems, and articles of manufacture are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a word disambiguation method includes accessing textual content to be disambiguated, wherein the textual content comprises a plurality of words individually comprising a plurality of word senses, for an individual word of the textual content, identifying one of the word senses of the word as indicative of the meaning of the word in the textual content, for the individual word, selecting one of a plurality of event classes of a lexical database ontology using the identified word sense of the individual word, and for the individual word, associating the selected one of the event classes with the textual content to provide disambiguation of a meaning of the individual word in the textual content.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P. (Richland, WA); Tratz, Stephen C. (Richland, WA); Gregory, Michelle L. (Richland, WA); Chappell, Alan R. (Seattle, WA); Whitney, Paul D. (Richland, WA); Posse, Christian (Seattle, WA); Baddeley, Robert L. (Richland, WA); Hohimer, Ryan E. (West Richland, WA)

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

Results of stereotactic radiosurgery for patients with imaging defined cavernous sinus meningiomas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic radiosurgery as primary management for patients with imaging defined cavernous sinus meningiomas. Methods: Between 1992 and 2001, 49 patients had radiosurgery for dural-based masses of the cavernous sinus presumed to be meningiomas. The mean patient age was 55.5 years. The mean tumor volume was 10.2 mL; the mean tumor margin dose was 15.9 Gy. The mean follow-up was 58 months (range, 16-144 months). Results: No tumor enlarged after radiosurgery. Twelve of 38 patients (26%) with preexisting diplopia or facial numbness/pain had improvement in cranial nerve function. Five patients (10%) had new (n = 3) or worsened (n = 2) trigeminal dysfunction; 2 of these patients (4%) underwent surgery at 20 and 25 months after radiosurgery despite no evidence of tumor progression. Neither patient improved after partial tumor resection. One patient (2%) developed an oculomotor nerve injury. One patient (2%) had an ischemic stroke related to occlusion of the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery. Event-free survival was 98%, 85%, and 80% at 1, 3, and 7 years after radiosurgery, respectively. Univariate analysis of patient and dosimetric factors found no analyzed factor correlated with postradiosurgical morbidity. Conclusions: Radiosurgery was an effective primary management strategy for patients with an imaging defined cavernous sinus meningioma. Except in situations of symptomatic mass effect, unusual clinical presentation, or atypical imaging features, surgery to confirm the histologic diagnosis is unlikely to provide clinical benefit.

Pollock, Bruce E. [Department of Neurological Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (United States) and Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (United States)]. E-mail: pollock.bruce@mayo.edu; Stafford, Scott L. [Division of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (United States)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Designing and implementing a Role-Playing Game: A tool to explain factors, decision making and landscape transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a research process on contextual driving factors and decision-making processes used by local actors for land use change in a zone of the Colombian Amazonian frontier. We integrated landscape multi-temporal analysis, Role-Playing ... Keywords: Agent based modeling, Colombian Amazonian frontier, Land use change, Landscape transformations, Multi-temporal analysis, Participatory tools, Role-Playing Game, UML

Manuela Vieira Pak; Daniel Castillo Brieva

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Well-defined ultrathin Pd films on Pt(111): electrochemical preparation and interfacial chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Well-defined ultrathin films of palladium, with coverages ranging from submonolayer, ?Pd = 0.5 monolayer (ML), to multilayer, ?P d = 8 ML, were electrochemically deposited on Pt(111) using potentiostatic and potentiodynamic methods. In both methods, between the coverage regimes studied, the growth of the Pd films follows the Stranski-Krastanov mechanism. The interfacial electrochemical properties associated with the film-to-bulk transition were characterized by conventional voltammetric techniques in combination with low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The voltammetric peaks associated with H-atom adsorption and desorption on terrace sites indicate that the Pd electrodeposit starts to exhibit bulk-like properties at a coverage of 3 ML. Voltammetric cycling, in sulfuric acid solution, between the hydrogen evolution and the double-layer regions, was found to exert minimal influence on the annealing (smoothening) of the electrodeposited Pd films. However, cycling within the same potential region in the presence of bromide anions (at which Br- adsorption/Br desorption takes place) smoothens the initially rough Pd films essentially as well as high-temperature annealing. The influence of chemisorbed bromine on the anodic dissolution of Pd was also studied; this was for comparison with previous work on the anodic dissolution of Pd, in inert electrolyte, catalyzed by chemisorbed iodine. The present studies indicated that a small but measurable amount of bromine was desorbed along with dissolution of the Pd step atoms; bromine at the Pd terrace behaved identically to iodine in that the coverage of iodine is maintained regardless of the amount or origin of the of anodically stripped Pd. Atomically smooth, well-defined ultrathin Pd films were prepared by a constant potential deposition (CPD) method followed by multiple potential cycles, in dilute Brsolution, within the double-layer region and reductive removal of Brads, by simple emersion at a potential just before the hydrogen evolution reaction potential (EHER). A previously adapted method for the same purpose involved the chemisorption of iodine onto ultrathin PdCPD films, from dilute I- solution, followed by reductive desorption of Iads in iodide-free solution at pH 10 and at a potential just before EHER.

Park, Yeon Su

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Resilience: Theory and Application.  

SciTech Connect

There is strong agreement among policymakers, practitioners, and academic researchers that the concept of resilience must play a major role in assessing the extent to which various entities - critical infrastructure owners and operators, communities, regions, and the Nation - are prepared to respond to and recover from the full range of threats they face. Despite this agreement, consensus regarding important issues, such as how resilience should be defined, assessed, and measured, is lacking. The analysis presented here is part of a broader research effort to develop and implement assessments of resilience at the asset/facility and community/regional levels. The literature contains various definitions of resilience. Some studies have defined resilience as the ability of an entity to recover, or 'bounce back,' from the adverse effects of a natural or manmade threat. Such a definition assumes that actions taken prior to the occurrence of an adverse event - actions typically associated with resistance and anticipation - are not properly included as determinants of resilience. Other analyses, in contrast, include one or more of these actions in their definitions. To accommodate these different definitions, we recognize a subset of resistance- and anticipation-related actions that are taken based on the assumption that an adverse event is going to occur. Such actions are in the domain of resilience because they reduce both the immediate and longer-term adverse consequences that result from an adverse event. Recognizing resistance- and anticipation-related actions that take the adverse event as a given accommodates the set of resilience-related actions in a clear-cut manner. With these considerations in mind, resilience can be defined as: 'the ability of an entity - e.g., asset, organization, community, region - to anticipate, resist, absorb, respond to, adapt to, and recover from a disturbance.' Because critical infrastructure resilience is important both in its own right and because of its implications for community/regional resilience, it is especially important to develop a sound methodology for assessing resilience at the asset/facility level. This objective will be accomplished by collecting data on four broadly defined groups of resilience-enhancing measures: preparedness, mitigation measures, response capabilities, and recovery mechanisms. Table ES-1 illustrates how the six components that define resilience are connected to the actions that enhance the capacity of an entity to be resilient. The relationships illustrated in Table ES-1 provide the framework for developing a survey instrument that will be used to elicit the information required to assess resilience at the asset/facility level. The resilience of a community/region is a function of the resilience of its subsystems, including its critical infrastructures, economy, civil society, governance (including emergency services), and supply chains/dependencies. The number and complexity of these subsystems will make the measurement of resilience more challenging as we move from individual assets/facilities to the community/regional level (where critical infrastructure resilience is only one component). Specific challenges include uncertainty about relationships (e.g., the composition of specific supply chains), data gaps, and time and budget constraints that prevent collection of all of the information needed to construct a comprehensive assessment of the resilience of a specific community or region. These challenges can be addressed, at least partially, by adopting a 'systems approach' to the assessment of resilience. In a systems approach, the extent to which the analysis addresses the resilience of the individual subsystems can vary. Specifically, high-level systems analysis can be used to identify the most important lower-level systems. In turn, within the most important lower-level systems, site assessment data should be collected only on the most critical asset-level components about which the least is known. Implementation of the strategies outlined here to as

Carlson, J.L.; Haffenden, R.A.; Bassett, G.W.; Buehring, W.A.; Collins, M.J., III; Folga, S.M.; Petit, F.D.; Phillips, J.A.; Verner, D.R.; Whitfield, R.G. (Decision and Information Sciences)

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Process Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...flash-welding applications include: Chain links Transmission bands Automotive flywheel ring gears Strips that are joined for continuous processing lines Wire and bar drawing operations for continuous stamping press

242

Superabrasive Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Typical applications of superabrasives...airports, highways Mining products Stone, shale, rock Drilling Precision grinding wheels Carbide Tool production and resharpening; wear parts and

243

Industrial Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Frequently used rubber linings in other industries...Application Lining Power industry Scrubber towers Blended chlorobutyl Limestone slurry tanks Blended chlorobutyl Slurry piping Blended chlorobutyl 60 Shore A hardness natural rubber Seawater cooling water

244

CREATING A GEOLOGIC PLAY BOOK FOR TRENTON-BLACK RIVER APPALACHIAN BASIN EXPLORATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Private- and public-sector stakeholders formed the new ''Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Exploration Consortium'' and began a two-year research effort that will lead to a play book for Trenton-Black River exploration throughout the Appalachian basin. The final membership of the Consortium includes 17 gas exploration companies and 6 research team members, including the state geological surveys in Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, the New York State Museum Institute and West Virginia University. Seven integrated research tasks are being conducted by basin-wide research teams organized from this large pool of experienced professionals. More than 3400 miles of Appalachian basin digital seismic data have been quality checked. In addition, inquiries have been made regarding the availability of additional seismic data from government and industry partners in the consortium. Interpretations of the seismic data have begun. Error checking is being performed by mapping the time to various prominent reflecting horizons, and analyzing for any anomalies. A regional geological velocity model is being created to make time-to-depth conversions. Members of the stratigraphy task team compiled a generalized, basin-wide correlation chart, began the process of scanning geophysical logs and laid out lines for 16 regional cross sections. Two preliminary cross sections were constructed, a database of all available Trenton-Black River cores was created, and a basin-wide map showing these core locations was produced. Two cores were examined, described and photographed in detail, and were correlated to the network of geophysical logs. Members of the petrology team began the process of determining the original distribution of porous and permeable facies within a sequence stratigraphic framework. A detailed sedimentologic and petrographic study of the Union Furnace road cut in central Pennsylvania was completed. This effort will facilitate the calibration of subsurface core and log data. A core-sampling plan was developed cooperatively with members of the isotope geochemistry and fluid inclusion task team. One hundred thirty (130) samples were prepared for trace element and stable isotope analysis, and six samples were submitted for strontium isotope analysis. It was learned that there is a good possibility that carbon isotope stratigraphy may be a useful tool to locate the top of the Black River Formation in state-to-state correlations. Gas samples were collected from wells in Kentucky, New York and West Virginia. These were sent to a laboratory for compositional, stable isotope and hydrogen and radiogenic helium isotope analysis. Decisions concerning necessary project hardware, software and configuration of the website and database were made by the data, GIS and website task team. A file transfer protocol server was established for project use. The project website is being upgraded in terms of security.

Douglas G. Patchen; James Drahovzal; Larry Wickstrom; Taury Smith; Chris Laughery; Katharine Lee Avary

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Measuring solar reflectance - Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective ''cool colored'' surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland US latitudes, this metric R{sub E891BN} can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope {roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool roof net energy savings by as much as 23%. We define clear sky air mass one global horizontal (''AM1GH'') solar reflectance R{sub g,0}, a simple and easily measured property that more accurately predicts solar heat gain. R{sub g,0} predicts the annual peak solar heat gain of a roof or pavement to within 2 W m{sup -2}, and overestimates N by no more than 3%. R{sub g,0} is well suited to rating the solar reflectances of roofs, pavements and walls. We show in Part II that R{sub g,0} can be easily and accurately measured with a pyranometer, a solar spectrophotometer or version 6 of the Solar Spectrum Reflectometer. (author)

Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul [Heat Island Group, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Defining How a Microbial Cell Senses and Responds to a Redox Active Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This grant was for four years, and the work was designed to look at the mechanisms of extracellular electron transfer by the dissimilatory iron reducing bacteria Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, and other closely related Shewanella strains and species. During this work, we defined many of the basic physiological and biochemical properties of the Shewanella group, Much of which was summarized in review articles. We also finished and published the genome sequence of strain MR-1, the first of the shewanellae to have its genome sequenced. Control at the transcriptional and translational level was studied in collaboration with colleagues at PNNL and ANL. We utilized synchrotron X-ray radiation to image both the bacteria and the metal oxide particles via a technique called STXM, synchrotron X-ray absorption (ref. No.9), and X-ray microbeam analysis. We purified several of the cytochromes involved with metal reduction, and improved gene annotation of the MR-1 genome. The conductive appendages (nanowires) of MR-1 were described and characterized. Comparative genomics and biochemistry revealed that the pathway for the utilization of N-acetyl glucosamine in the various strains of Shewanella exhibited great variability, and had a number of previously unknown genes.

Kenneth H. Nealson

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

247

System Energy Assessment (SEA), Defining a Standard Measure of EROI for Energy Businesses as Whole Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A more objective method for measuring the energy needs of businesses, System Energy Assessment (SEA), identifies the natural boundaries of businesses as self-managing net-energy systems, of controlled and self-managing parts. The method is demonstrated using a model Wind Farm case study, and applied to defining a true physical measure of its energy productivity for society (EROI-S), the global ratio of energy produced to energy cost. The traceable needs of business technology are combined with assignable energy needs for all other operating services. That serves to correct a large natural gap in energy use information. Current methods count traceable energy receipts for technology use. Self-managing services employed by businesses outsource their own energy needs to operate, and leave no records to trace. Those uncounted energy demands are often 80% of the total embodied energy of business end products. The scale of this "dark energy" was discovered from differing global accounts, and corrected so the average...

Henshaw, Philip F; Zarnikau, Jay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Chemisorption of Aromatic Compounds on Well-Defined Palladium Surfaces: Studies by Electron Spectroscopy and Electrochemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chemisorption of aromatic compounds, derivatized with different functional groups, on well-defined Pd(111) surfaces was studied by a combination of Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), and electrochemistry (EC). The results of this work led to the following trends and conclusions: (a) At low concentrations, 2,5-dihydroxythiophenol (DHT) chemisorbs on a Pd surface through both diphenolic ring and thiol group. At high concentrations, it chemisorbs only through the thiol group. (b) There is extensive intermolecular attraction between the co-adsorbed thiolated quinone and thiolated hydroquinone molecules. The interaction occurs through the Pd substrate and not through space. (c) The chemisorption properties of Nheteroaromatic compounds are pH-dependent. When the nitrogen heteroatom is protonated, it becomes very weakly surface-active. When the nitrogen heteroatom is deprotonated, surface activity stronger than the diphenolic ring is exhibited. (d) On a palladium surface, the binding strengths of ligands increase in the order: phenyl ring < quinonoid ring, < N-heteroatom < I < -SH.

Li, Ding

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Site-Wide Integrated Water Monitoring -- Defining and Implementing Sampling Objectives to Support Site Closure  

SciTech Connect

The Underground Test Area (UGTA) activity is responsible for assessing and evaluating the effects of the underground nuclear weapons tests on groundwater at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and implementing a corrective action closure strategy. The UGTA strategy is based on a combination of characterization, modeling studies, monitoring, and institutional controls (i.e., monitored natural attenuation). The closure strategy verifies through appropriate monitoring activities that contaminants of concern do not exceed the SDWA at the regulatory boundary and that adequate institutional controls are established and administered to ensure protection of the public. Other programs conducted at the NNSS supporting the environmental mission include the Routine Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program (RREMP), Waste Management, and the Infrastructure Program. Given the current programmatic and operational demands for various water-monitoring activities at the same locations, and the ever-increasing resource challenges, cooperative and collaborative approaches to conducting the work are necessary. For this reason, an integrated sampling plan is being developed by the UGTA activity to define sampling and analysis objectives, reduce duplication, eliminate unnecessary activities, and minimize costs. The sampling plan will ensure the right data sets are developed to support closure and efficient transition to long-term monitoring. The plan will include an integrated reporting mechanism for communicating results and integrating process improvements within the UGTA activity as well as between other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Programs.

Bill Wilborn, NNSA /NFO; Kathryn Knapp, NNSA /NFO; Irene Farnham, N-I; Sam Marutzky, N-I

2013-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

250

Dispersion measurement as a method of quantifying geologic characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this research project is to investigate dispersion as a method of quantifying geological characterization and defining reservoir heterogeneity in order to enhance crude oil recovery. The dispersion of flow of a reservoir rock (dispersion coefficient and dispersivity) was identified as one of the physical properties of a reservoir rock by measuring the mixing of two miscible fluids, one displacing the other in a porous medium. A rock was 100% saturated with a resident fluid and displaced by a miscible fluid of equal viscosity and equal density. Some specific experiments were performed with unequal densities. Produced fluid was analyzed by refractometer, nuclear reaction, electrical conductivity and X-ray scan. Several physical and flow characteristics were measured on the sand rock sample in order to establish correlations with the measured dispersion property. Absolute permeability, effective porosity, relative permeability, capillary pressure, the heterogeneity factor and electrical conductivity were used to better understand the flow system. Linear, transverse, 2-D and 3-D dispersions were measured and used to characterize the rock heterogeneity of the flow system. A new system of measuring dispersion was developed using a gas displacing gas system in a porous medium. An attempt was also made to determine the dispersion property of an actual reservoir from present day well log data on a producing well. 275 refs., 102 figs., 17 tabs.

Menzie, D.E.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

USING CFD TO ANALYZE NUCLEAR SYSTEMS BEHAVIOR: DEFINING THE VALIDATION REQUIREMENTS  

SciTech Connect

A recommended protocol to formulate numeric tool specifications and validation needs in concert with practices accepted by regulatory agencies for advanced reactors is described. The protocol is based on the plant type and perceived transient and accident envelopes that translates to boundary conditions for a process that gives the: (a) key phenomena and figures-of-merit which must be analyzed to ensure that the advanced plant can be licensed, (b) specification of the numeric tool capabilities necessary to perform the required analyses—including bounding calculational uncertainties, and (c) specification of the validation matrices and experiments--including the desired validation data. The result of applying the process enables a complete program to be defined, including costs, for creating and benchmarking transient and accident analysis methods for advanced reactors. By following a process that is in concert with regulatory agency licensing requirements from the start to finish, based on historical acceptance of past licensing submittals, the methods derived and validated have a high probability of regulatory agency acceptance.

Richard Schultz

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Small Wind Turbine Testing and Applications Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small wind turbines offer a promising alternative for many remote electrical uses where there is a good wind resource. The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory helps further the role that small turbines can play in supplying remote power needs. The NWTC tests and develops new applications for small turbines. The NWTC also develops components used in conjunction with wind turbines for various applications. This paper describes wind energy research at the NWTC for applications including battery charging stations, water desalination/purification, and health clinics. Development of data acquisition systems and tests on small turbines are also described.

Corbus, D.; Baring-Gould, I.; Drouilhet, S.; Gevorgian, V.; Jimenez, T.; Newcomb, C.; Flowers, L.

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Systems Approach to Identifying Exploration and Development Opportunities in the Illinois Basin: Digital Portifolio of Plays in Underexplored Lower Paleozoic Rocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examined petroleum occurrence in Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian reservoirs in the Illinois Basin. Results from this project show that there is excellent potential for additional discovery of petroleum reservoirs in these formations. Numerous exploration targets and exploration strategies were identified that can be used to increase production from these underexplored strata. Some of the challenges to exploration of deeper strata include the lack of subsurface data, lack of understanding of regional facies changes, lack of understanding the role of diagenetic alteration in developing reservoir porosity and permeability, the shifting of structural closures with depth, overlooking potential producing horizons, and under utilization of 3D seismic techniques. This study has shown many areas are prospective for additional discoveries in lower Paleozoic strata in the Illinois Basin. This project implemented a systematic basin analysis approach that is expected to encourage exploration for petroleum in lower Paleozoic rocks of the Illinois Basin. The study has compiled and presented a broad base of information and knowledge needed by independent oil companies to pursue the development of exploration prospects in overlooked, deeper play horizons in the Illinois Basin. Available geologic data relevant for the exploration and development of petroleum reservoirs in the Illinois Basin was analyzed and assimilated into a coherent, easily accessible digital play portfolio. The primary focus of this project was on case studies of existing reservoirs in Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician strata and the application of knowledge gained to future exploration and development in these underexplored strata of the Illinois Basin. In addition, a review of published reports and exploration in the New Albany Shale Group, a Devonian black shale source rock, in Illinois was completed due to the recent increased interest in Devonian black shales across the United States. The New Albany Shale is regarded as the source rock for petroleum in Silurian and younger strata in the Illinois Basin and has potential as a petroleum reservoir. Field studies of reservoirs in Devonian strata such as the Geneva Dolomite, Dutch Creek Sandstone and Grassy knob Chert suggest that there is much additional potential for expanding these plays beyond their current limits. These studies also suggest the potential for the discovery of additional plays using stratigraphic concepts to develop a subcrop play on the subkaskaskia unconformity boundary that separates lower Devonian strata from middle Devonian strata in portions of the basin. The lateral transition from Geneva Dolomite to Dutch Creek Sandstone also offers an avenue for developing exploration strategies in middle Devonian strata. Study of lower Devonian strata in the Sesser Oil Field and the region surrounding the field shows opportunities for development of a subcrop play where lower Devonian strata unconformably overlie Silurian strata. Field studies of Silurian reservoirs along the Sangamon Arch show that opportunities exist for overlooked pays in areas where wells do not penetrate deep enough to test all reservoir intervals in Niagaran rocks. Mapping of Silurian reservoirs in the Mt. Auburn trend along the Sangamon Arch shows that porous reservoir rock grades laterally to non-reservoir facies and several reservoir intervals may be encountered in the Silurian with numerous exploration wells testing only the uppermost reservoir intervals. Mapping of the Ordovician Trenton and shallower strata at Centralia Field show that the crest of the anticline shifted through geologic time. This study illustrates that the axes of anticlines may shift with depth and shallow structure maps may not accurately predict structurally favorable reservoir locations at depth.

Beverly Seyler; David Harris; Brian Keith; Bryan Huff; Yaghoob Lasemi

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

Science as Knowledge, Practice, and Map Making: The Challenge of Defining Metrics for Evaluating and Improving DOE-Funded Basic Experimental Science  

SciTech Connect

Industrial R&D laboratories have been surprisingly successful in developing performance objectives and metrics that convincingly show that planning, management, and improvement techniques can be value-added to the actual output of R&D organizations. In this paper, I will discuss the more difficult case of developing analogous constructs for DOE-funded non-nuclear, non-weapons basic research, or as I will refer to it - basic experimental science. Unlike most industrial R&D or the bulk of applied science performed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the purpose of basic experimental science is producing new knowledge (usually published in professional journals) that has no immediate application to the first link (the R) of a planned R&D chain. Consequently, performance objectives and metrics are far more difficult to define. My claim is that if one can successfully define metrics for evaluating and improving DOE-funded basic experimental science (which is the most difficult case), then defining such constructs for DOE-funded applied science should be much less problematic. With the publication of the DOE Standard - Implementation Guide for Quality Assurance Programs for Basic and Applied Research (DOE-ER-STD-6001-92) and the development of a conceptual framework for integrating all the DOE orders, we need to move aggressively toward the threefold next phase: (1) focusing the management elements found in DOE-ER-STD-6001-92 on the main output of national laboratories - the experimental science itself; (2) developing clearer definitions of basic experimental science as practice not just knowledge; and (3) understanding the relationship between the metrics that scientists use for evaluating the performance of DOE-funded basic experimental science, the management elements of DOE-ER-STD-6001-92, and the notion of continuous improvement.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

STANDARD TERMS OF PURCHASE APPLICABLE TO SUPPLY AND SERVICES CONTRACTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STANDARD TERMS OF PURCHASE APPLICABLE TO SUPPLY AND SERVICES CONTRACTS ENTERED INTO BY INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS Article 1 ­ Scope of application of these terms The purpose of these standard terms of purchase is to define the framework of the contractual relationship between the IPGP and its co

Benzerara, Karim

256

Application Oriented Multi Criteria Optimization in WSNs Using on AHP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the increasing number and variety of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) applications the need to define a suitable protocol design model that fits their specific requirements and operation has become even more pressing. The traditional methods and the ... Keywords: Application groupings, Cross-layer frameworks, Decision making, Protocol design, Wireless sensor networks

Ozlem Karaca; Radosveta Sokullu; Neeli R. Prasad; Ramjee Prasad

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Creating a Geologic Play Book for Trenton-Black River Appalachian Basin Exploration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary isopach and facies maps, combined with a literature review, were used to develop a sequence of basin geometry, architecture and facies development during Cambrian and Ordovician time. The main architectural features--basins, sub basins and platforms--were identified and mapped as their positions shifted with time. This is significant because a better understanding of the control of basin geometry and architecture on the distribution of key facies and on subsequent reservoir development in Ordovician carbonates within the Trenton and Black River is essential for future exploration planning. Good exploration potential is thought to exist along the entire platform margin, where clean grainstones were deposited in skeletal shoals from Indiana thorough Ohio and Ontario into Pennsylvania. The best reservoir facies for the development of hydrothermal dolomites appears to be these clean carbonates. This conclusion is supported by observations taken in existing fields in Indiana, Ontario, Ohio and New York. In contrast, Trenton-Black River production in Kentucky and West Virginia has been from fractured, but non-dolomitized, limestone reservoirs. Facies maps indicate that these limestones were deposited under conditions that led to a higher argillaceous content than the cleaner limestones deposited in higher-energy environments along platform margins. However, even in the broad area of argillaceous limestones, clean limestone buildups have been observed in eastern outcrops and, if present and dolomitized in the subsurface, may provide additional exploration targets. Structure and isopach maps developed as part of the structural and seismic study supported the basin architecture and geometry conclusions, and from them some structural control on the location of architectural features may be inferred. This portion of the study eventually will lead to a determination of the timing relative to fracturing, dolomitization and hydrocarbon charging of reservoirs in the Trenton and Black River carbonates. The focus of this effort will shift in the next few months from regional to more detailed structural analyses. This new effort will include topics such as the determination of the source of the hot, dolomitizing fluids that created hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in the Black River, and the probable migration paths of these fluids. Faults of suitable age, orientation and location to be relevant for hydrothermal dolomite creation in the Trenton-Black River play will be isolated and mapped, and potential fairways delineated. A detailed study of hydrothermal alteration of carbonate reservoirs was completed and is discussed at length in this report. New ideas that were developed from this research were combined with a literature review and existing concepts to develop a model for the development of hydrothermal dolomite reservoirs in the study area. Fault-related hydrothermal alteration is a key component of this model. Hydrothermal alteration produces a spectrum of features in reservoirs, ranging from leached limestone and microporosity to matrix dolomite, saddle dolomite-lined breccias, zebra fabrics and fractures. Mineralization probably occurred during the pressure drop associated with the rise of fluids up the fault system, and is due to the mixing of hydrothermal fluids with cooler, in situ fluids. Once they began to cool themselves, the hydrothermal fluids, which had a lower pH and higher salinity than formation fluids, were capable of leaching the host limestones. Microporosity is common in leached limestones, and it is likely that it was formed, in some cases, during hydrothermal alteration. Dolomite leaching occurs near the end of the paragenetic sequence, and may significantly enhance porosity. However, leaching of dolomite typically is followed by the precipitation of calcite or anhydrite, which reduces porosity. A final conclusion is that hydrothermal alteration may be more common than previously thought, and some features previously attributed to other processes may be in fact be hydrothermal in origin. Production d

Douglas G. Patchen; Taury Smith; Ron Riley; Mark Baranoski; David Harris; John Hickman; John Bocan; Michael Hohn

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

258

Quantum discord plays no distinguished role in characterization of complete positivity: Robustness of the traditional scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The traditional scheme for realizing open-system quantum dynamics takes the initial state of the system-bath composite as a simple product. Currently, however, the issue of system-bath initial correlations possibly affecting the reduced dynamics of the system has been attracting considerable interest. The influential work of Shabani and Lidar [PRL {\\bf 102}, 100402 (2009)] famously related this issue to quantum discord, a concept which has in recent years occupied the centre-stage of quantum information theory and has led to several fundamental results. They suggested that reduced dynamics is completely positive if and only if the initial system-bath correlations have vanishing quantum discord. Here we show that there is, within the Shabani-Lidar framework, no scope for any distinguished role for quantum discord in respect of complete positivity of reduced dynamics. Since most applications of quantum theory to real systems rests on the traditional scheme, its robustness demonstrated here could be of far-reaching significance.

Krishna Kumar Sabapathy; J. Solomon Ivan; Sibasish Ghosh; R. Simon

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

259

COBRA: A Computational Brewing Application for Predicting the Molecular Composition of Organic Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric organic aerosols (OA) represent a significant fraction of airborne particulate matter and can impact climate, visibility, and human health. These mixtures are difficult to characterize experimentally due to the enormous complexity and dynamic nature of their chemical composition. We introduce a novel Computational Brewing Application (COBRA) and apply it to modeling oligomerization chemistry stemming from condensation and addition reactions of monomers pertinent to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed by photooxidation of isoprene. COBRA uses two lists as input: a list of chemical structures comprising the molecular starting pool, and a list of rules defining potential reactions between molecules. Reactions are performed iteratively, with products of all previous iterations serving as reactants for the next one. The simulation generated thousands of molecular structures in the mass range of 120-500 Da, and correctly predicted ~70% of the individual SOA constituents observed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS). Selected predicted structures were confirmed with tandem mass spectrometry. Esterification and hemiacetal formation reactions were shown to play the most significant role in oligomer formation, whereas aldol condensation was shown to be insignificant. COBRA is not limited to atmospheric aerosol chemistry, but is broadly applicable to the prediction of reaction products in other complex mixtures for which reasonable reaction mechanisms and seed molecules can be supplied by experimental or theoretical methods.

Fooshee, David R.; Nguyen, Tran B.; Nizkorodov, Sergey A.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Baldi, Pierre

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

260

Critical period window for spectral tuning defined in the primary auditory cortex (A1) in the rat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Repair Critical Period Window for Spectral Tuning Defined inregulation of the CP window is tied to sensory experience,of the critical period window for the rat primary auditory

de Villers-Sidani, Etienne; Chang, Edward F; Bao, Shaowen; Merzenich, Michael M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Measuring solar reflectance Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain  

SciTech Connect

Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective 'cool colored' surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland U.S. latitudes, this metric RE891BN can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope {le} 5:12 [23{sup o}]) by as much as 89 W m{sup -2}, and underestimate its peak surface temperature by up to 5 K. Using R{sub E891BN} to characterize roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool-roof net energy savings by as much as 23%. We define clear-sky air mass one global horizontal ('AM1GH') solar reflectance R{sub g,0}, a simple and easily measured property that more accurately predicts solar heat gain. R{sub g,0} predicts the annual peak solar heat gain of a roof or pavement to within 2 W m{sup -2}, and overestimates N by no more than 3%. R{sub g,0} is well suited to rating the solar reflectances of roofs, pavements and walls. We show in Part II that R{sub g,0} can be easily and accurately measured with a pyranometer, a solar spectrophotometer or version 6 of the Solar Spectrum Reflectometer.

Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

Measuring solar reflectance Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain  

SciTech Connect

Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective 'cool colored' surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland U.S. latitudes, this metric RE891BN can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope {le} 5:12 [23{sup o}]) by as much as 89 W m{sup -2}, and underestimate its peak surface temperature by up to 5 K. Using R{sub E891BN} to characterize roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool-roof net energy savings by as much as 23%. We define clear-sky air mass one global horizontal ('AM1GH') solar reflectance R{sub g,0}, a simple and easily measured property that more accurately predicts solar heat gain. R{sub g,0} predicts the annual peak solar heat gain of a roof or pavement to within 2 W m{sup -2}, and overestimates N by no more than 3%. R{sub g,0} is well suited to rating the solar reflectances of roofs, pavements and walls. We show in Part II that R{sub g,0} can be easily and accurately measured with a pyranometer, a solar spectrophotometer or version 6 of the Solar Spectrum Reflectometer.

Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Berdahl, Paul

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

263

NERSC Applications Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Users Software Applications Applications List of Applications List of math, chemistry and materials science software installed at NERSC. Mathematical Applications...

264

Applicant Organization: | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization: More Documents & Publications BlueFire Ethanol, Inc. Applicant Organization: Applicant Organization:...

265

Physics Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications Applications Technetium-99m radioisotope generator developed at Brookhaven. Numerous physics-related programs at Brookhaven have yielded major advances in medicine and various technologies. Brookhaven's nuclear medicine program, which began in the 1950s, uses the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer to make radioisotopes for nuclear medicine diagnostics and treatment throughout the world. Today, more than 85 percent of all imaging examinations worldwide use one of the radioisotopes developed at Brookhaven. At Brookhaven's Center for Translational Neuroimaging, researchers can peer into a living brain through the use of various imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and optical imaging. Such research has led to a new understanding of

266

Developing a CD-CBM Anticipatory Approach for Cavitation - Defining a Model Descriptor Consistent Between Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major problem with cavitation in pumps and other hydraulic devices is that there is no effective method for detecting or predicting its inception. The traditional approach is to declare the pump in cavitation when the total head pressure drops by some arbitrary value (typically 3o/0) in response to a reduction in pump inlet pressure. However, the pump is already cavitating at this point. A method is needed in which cavitation events are captured as they occur and characterized by their process dynamics. The object of this research was to identify specific features of cavitation that could be used as a model-based descriptor in a context-dependent condition-based maintenance (CD-CBM) anticipatory prognostic and health assessment model. This descriptor was based on the physics of the phenomena, capturing the salient features of the process dynamics. An important element of this concept is the development and formulation of the extended process feature vector @) or model vector. Thk model-based descriptor encodes the specific information that describes the phenomena and its dynamics and is formulated as a data structure consisting of several elements. The first is a descriptive model abstracting the phenomena. The second is the parameter list associated with the functional model. The third is a figure of merit, a single number between [0,1] representing a confidence factor that the functional model and parameter list actually describes the observed data. Using this as a basis and applying it to the cavitation problem, any given location in a flow loop will have this data structure, differing in value but not content. The extended process feature vector is formulated as follows: E`> [ , {parameter Iist}, confidence factor]. (1) For this study, the model that characterized cavitation was a chirped-exponentially decaying sinusoid. Using the parameters defined by this model, the parameter list included frequency, decay, and chirp rate. Based on this, the process feature vector has the form: @=> [, {01 = a, ~= b, ~ = c}, cf = 0.80]. (2) In this experiment a reversible catastrophe was examined. The reason for this is that the same catastrophe could be repeated to ensure the statistical significance of the data.

Allgood, G.O.; Dress, W.B.; Kercel, S.W.

1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

267

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM APPROACH FOR PLAY PORTFOLIOS TO IMPROVE OIL PRODUCTION IN THE ILLINOIS BASIN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil and gas have been commercially produced in Illinois for over 100 years. Existing commercial production is from more than fifty-two named pay horizons in Paleozoic rocks ranging in age from Middle Ordovician to Pennsylvanian. Over 3.2 billion barrels of oil have been produced. Recent calculations indicate that remaining mobile resources in the Illinois Basin may be on the order of several billion barrels. Thus, large quantities of oil, potentially recoverable using current technology, remain in Illinois oil fields despite a century of development. Many opportunities for increased production may have been missed due to complex development histories, multiple stacked pays, and commingled production which makes thorough exploitation of pays and the application of secondary or improved/enhanced recovery strategies difficult. Access to data, and the techniques required to evaluate and manage large amounts of diverse data are major barriers to increased production of critical reserves in the Illinois Basin. These constraints are being alleviated by the development of a database access system using a Geographic Information System (GIS) approach for evaluation and identification of underdeveloped pays. The Illinois State Geological Survey has developed a methodology that is being used by industry to identify underdeveloped areas (UDAs) in and around petroleum reservoirs in Illinois using a GIS approach. This project utilizes a statewide oil and gas Oracle{reg_sign} database to develop a series of Oil and Gas Base Maps with well location symbols that are color-coded by producing horizon. Producing horizons are displayed as layers and can be selected as separate or combined layers that can be turned on and off. Map views can be customized to serve individual needs and page size maps can be printed. A core analysis database with over 168,000 entries has been compiled and assimilated into the ISGS Enterprise Oracle database. Maps of wells with core data have been generated. Data from over 1,700 Illinois waterflood units and waterflood areas have been entered into an Access{reg_sign} database. The waterflood area data has also been assimilated into the ISGS Oracle database for mapping and dissemination on the ArcIMS website. Formation depths for the Beech Creek Limestone, Ste. Genevieve Limestone and New Albany Shale in all of the oil producing region of Illinois have been calculated and entered into a digital database. Digital contoured structure maps have been constructed, edited and added to the ILoil website as map layers. This technology/methodology addresses the long-standing constraints related to information access and data management in Illinois by significantly simplifying the laborious process that industry presently must use to identify underdeveloped pay zones in Illinois.

Beverly Seyler; John Grube

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

268

A demonstration of the scriptease approach to ambient and perceptive NPC behaviors in computer role-playing games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Writing manual code to script the behaviors of thousands of non-player characters in a computer role-playing game adventure has a tremendous negative impact on the quality of games and their entertainment level. Many games use shared custom scripts for ...

Maria Cutumisu; Duane Szafron; Jonathan Schaeffer; Matthew McNaughton; Thomas Roy; Curtis Onuczko; Mike Carbonaro

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The role played by interdependences in ERP implementations: An empirical analysis of critical factors that minimize elapsed time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyzed the role played by different module types that influence the time spent on an ERP implementation. By using the concept of interdependences together with organizational integration theory, we distinguished between business-support and value-chain ... Keywords: Duration models, ERP implementation, Elapsed time, Facilitator mechanisms, Interdependences, Organizational integration, Time savings

Lluís Santamaría-Sánchez; Manuel Núńez-Nickel; Susana Gago-Rodríguez

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Cost Calculating of Optoelectronics - An Analysis of Cost Items for a Camera Application used in the Automotive Industry at Volvo Cars Corporation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of the thesis was to define the manufacturing process of a camera application with included optics and its integration with electronics and verify… (more)

Vekariya, Nimisha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Network-level footprints of Facebook applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With over half a billion users, Online Social Networks (OSNs) are the major new applications on the Internet. Little information is available on the network impact of OSNs, although there is every expectation that the volume and diversity of traffic due to OSNs is set to explode. In this paper, we examine the specific role played by a key component of OSNs: the extremely popular and widespread set of third-party applications on some of the most popular OSNs. With over 81,000 third-party applications on Facebook alone, their impact is hard to predict and even harder to study. We have developed and launched a number of Facebook applications, all of which are among the most popular applications on Facebook in active use by several million users monthly. Through our applications, we are able to gather, analyze, correlate, and report their workload characteristics and performance from the perspective of the application servers. Coupled with PlanetLab experiments, where active probes are sent through Facebook to access a set of diverse applications, we are able to study how Facebook forwarding/processing of requests/responses impacts the overall delay performance perceived by end-users. These insights help provide guidelines for OSNs and application developers. We have also made the data studied here publicly available to the research community. This is the first and only known study of popular thirdparty applications on OSNs at this depth.

Atif Nazir; Saqib Raza; Dhruv Gupta; Chen-nee Chuah; Balachander Krishnamurthy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

“Un Nińo Puede Agarrar un Perro”: Children’s Use and Uptake of Directives in the Context of Play and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edgar: Children’s Directives in Play and Performance 47 SoThere okay? Children’s Directives in Play and Performanceyou don’t snore please? Directives in young children’s role-

Bhimji, Fazila

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The influence of an educational course on language expression and treatment of gaming addiction for massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) players  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Addiction to Massive Multiple Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) among juveniles has become a serious problem in Korea and has led to legislation prohibiting juveniles from playing games after midnight. One key factor in gaming addiction is the so-called ... Keywords: Addiction, Education, Event-related potential, Language, Massive multiplayer online role-playing game, P300

Pyoung Won Kim; Seo Young Kim; Miseon Shim; Chang-Hwan Im; Young-Min Shon

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Application Acceleration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Acceleration on Current and Future Cray Platforms Alice Koniges, Robert Preissl, Jihan Kim, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory David Eder, Aaron Fisher, Nathan Masters, Velimir Mlaker, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Stephane Ethier, Weixing Wang, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Martin Head-Gordon, University of California, Berkeley and Nathan Wichmann, Cray Inc. ABSTRACT: Application codes in a variety of areas are being updated for performance on the latest architectures. We describe current bottlenecks and performance improvement areas for applications including plasma physics, chemistry related to carbon capture and sequestration, and material science. We include a variety of methods including advanced hybrid parallelization using multi-threaded MPI, GPU acceleration, libraries and auto- parallelization compilers. KEYWORDS: hybrid

275

Ridefinders Application  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

23 23 (05-92) Ridefinders Application Please submit this application to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Employee Transportation Coordinator, Room 7A-156, Forrestal. U.S. Department of Energy Privacy Act Statement Check all transportation options which interest you: Carpool: Driver Share Driving Rider Vanpool: Driver Share Driving Rider Do you wish to meet your pool in your neighborhood? No (If no, see Alternate Pickup Locations below.) Yes Participation in the Federal Facility Ridesharing Program is voluntary and a private accommodation of employees rather than a Federal activity. Ridefinders Network will observe Privacy Act requirements because participation requires solicitation of personal information. The information collected will be used to maintain an accurate database of those individuals participating in the program and to provide individual ridematch lists

276

A Technical and Economic Study of Completion Techniques In Five Emerging U.S. Gas Shale Plays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methane and other higher order hydrocarbons, through C4, with interest in further developing reactions important to methane- and ethane-related chemistry. With the increased demand for energy and the declining conventional hydrocarbons worldwide, energy companies, both majors and independents, are turning to unconventional resources to produce the hydrocarbons required to meet market demand. From coalbed methane to low permeability (tight) gas reservoirs and gas shales, energy companies are making substantial progress in developing the technologies required to bring these unconventional reserves to the market. A common misconception is that there are not enough domestic oil and gas reserves to fuel our economy. The United States imports most of the oil used for transportation fuel and several TCF of natural gas annually. However, there is a very large resource of natural gas in unconventional reservoirs, with over 2,200 TCF of gas in place in just the gas shale formations that have been identified in the energy arena (Navigant Study 2008). There are still major gas shale plays and basins that have not been explored and are waiting to be evaluated and developed. The natural gas in shales and other unconventional reservoirs can be used to generate electricity, or it can be turned into liquids and used by the transportation industry. It is also misconstrued that gas shales are relatively new in our industry and something of the future. The first commercially viable gas shale well was drilled in the early 1920s in Pennsylvania, before the famous oil well drilled by Colonel Drake. The objectives of this study are to (1) complete literature review to establish which geologic parameters affect completion techniques in five emerging gas shales: the Antrium, the Barnett, the Haynesville, the Marcellus, and the Woodford; (2) identify the different completion methods; (3) create an economic model for the completion techniques discussed; (4) develop a sensitivity analysis on various economic parameters to determine optimal completion strategy; and (5) create completion flowcharts. Based on the literature review I have done for several gas shale basins, I have identified seven pertinent geologic parameters that influence completion practices. These are depositional environment, total organic content (TOC), average gas content, shale mineralogy, shale thickness, and reservoir pressure. Next, I identified different completion and simulation trends in the industry for the different shale plays. The results from this study show that although there are some stark differences between depths (i.e. the Antrim Shale and the Haynesville Shale), shale plays are very similar in all other geologic properties. Interestingly, even with a large range for the different geological parameters, the completion methods did not drastically differ indicating that even if the properties do not fall within the range presented in this paper does not automatically rule them out for further evaluation in other plays. In addition to the evaluation of geologic properties, this study looked at drilling cost and the production profile for each play. Due to the volatility of the energy industry, economic sensitivity was completed on the price, capital, and operating cost to see what affect it would have on the play. From the analysis done, it is concluded that horizontal drilling in almost any economic environment is economic except for one scenario for the Woodford Shale. Therefore, gas shales plays should still be invested in even in lower price environments and companies should try to take advantage of the lower cost environments that occur during these times. With continual development of new drilling and completion techniques, these plays will become more competitive and can light the path for exploration of new shale plays worldwide.

Agrawal, Archna

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Z-Pinch Fusion for Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect

Z pinches, the oldest fusion concept, have recently been revisited in light of significant advances in the fields of plasma physics and pulsed power engineering. The possibility exists for z-pinch fusion to play a role in commercial energy applications. We report on work to develop z-pinch fusion concepts, the result of an extensive literature search, and the output for a congressionally-mandated workshop on fusion energy held in Snowmass, Co July 11-23,1999.

SPIELMAN,RICK B.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Smart Distribution Applications for Distributed Energy Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P180.014 Smart Distribution Applications for Distributed Energy Resources (070625)The factors listed below all support the proliferation of Distributed Generating (DG) units in electric utility systems. The growing rate of DG deployment suggests that alternative energy-based solutions play an increasingly important role in the smart grid and modern utility.Deregulation of the electric utility industry in some countriesEnvironmental ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

279

Mesoscale Convective Systems Defined by Their 85-GHz Ice Scattering Signature: Size and Intensity Comparison over Tropical Oceans and Continents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study used the 85-GHz ice scattering signature to describe the size, intensity, and geographic distribution of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) between 35°N and 35°S for January, April, July, and October 1993. An MCS was defined as an ...

Karen I. Mohr; Edward J. Zipser

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

INTRODUCTION Information retrieval is a wide, often loosely-defined term but in these pages I shall be concerned only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One INTRODUCTION Information retrieval is a wide, often loosely-defined term but in these pages I shall be concerned only with automatic information retrieval systems. Automatic as opposed to manual. In the context of information retrieval (IR), information, in the technical meaning given in Shannon's theory

Jose, Joemon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

462 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 Tussle in Cyberspace: Defining Tomorrow's Internet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

462 IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 13, NO. 3, JUNE 2005 Tussle in Cyberspace: Defining on Manuscript received October 7, 2002; revised June 4, 2004; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING (DARPA) and the Air Force Research Laboratory, Air Force Materiel Command, USAF, under agreement number F

Nissenbaum, Helen

282

Solid State Marx Modulators for Emerging Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging linear accelerator applications increasingly push the boundaries of RF system performance and economics. The power modulator is an integral part of RF systems whose characteristics play a key role in the determining parameters such as efficiency, footprint, cost, stability, and availability. Particularly within the past decade, solid-state switch based modulators have become the standard in high-performance, high power modulators. One topology, the Marx modulator, has characteristics which make it particularly attractive for several emerging applications. This paper is an overview of the Marx topology, some recent developments, and a case study of how this architecture can be applied to a few proposed linear accelerators.

Kemp, M.A.; /SLAC

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

283

Guide of Sensor Technology Application Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update provides guidance on the deployment of sensors on the electric distribution system. Sensors are defined as devices, embedded in distribution equipment or standing alone, which measure parameters such as voltage, current or temperature, and report those measurements back to the electric utility through some form of communications. These sensors support a wide range of applications intended to improve reliability, manage assets, detect/prevent failures, or support operations. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

284

playing dirty discoveries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, thicker walls, enhanced insulation, a low-flow shower, and a solar-powered hot water heater. The project so libraries can prove their worth Follow the Water 14 The high-tech hunt for H2 0 and organic Navigating the legal waters of electronic discovery Faster Than Real Time 30 Simulations set to revolutionize

Tennessee, University of

285

NERSC Now Playing Display  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

repo m1451 image Static and dynamic solutions for heavy nuclei (m1451) DOE Office Nuclear Physics Science Area Nuclear Physics Investigator Ionel Stetcu, Los Alamos...

286

Playing Favorites with Shareholders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

301(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, distributions1988) (noting that “[internal o]perating revenues finance an

Choi, Stephen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Playing with the weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the contribution of real time weather data to player enjoyment was tested and evaluated. To gauge the contribution of weather to player engagement an adaptronic, multiplayer, location based game, where real time weather data is key to the ... Keywords: adaptronic games, casual game, game, location based, multiplayer games, pervasive game, weather

Sofia Reis; Nuno Correia

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

NIST Laser Applications Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser Applications Group. Welcome. The Laser Applications Group advances laser technology for applications in optical ...

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Methodology to Determine both the Technically Recoverable Resource and the Economically Recoverable Resource in an Unconventional Gas Play  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the past decade, the worldwide demand for energy has continued to increase at a rapid rate. Natural gas has emerged as a primary source of US energy. The technically recoverable natural gas resources in the United States have increased from approximately 1,400 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) to approximately 2,100 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2010. The recent declines in gas prices have created short-term uncertainties and increased the risk of developing natural gas fields, rendering a substantial portion of this resource uneconomical at current gas prices. This research quantifies the impact of changes in finding and development costs (FandDC), lease operating expenses (LOE), and gas prices, in the estimation of the economically recoverable gas for unconventional plays. To develop our methodology, we have performed an extensive economic analysis using data from the Barnett Shale, as a representative case study. We have used the cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the values of the Estimated Ultimate Recovery (EUR) for all the wells in a given gas play, to determine the values of the P10 (10th percentile), P50 (50th percentile), and P90 (90th percentile) from the CDF. We then use these probability values to calculate the technically recoverable resource (TRR) for the play, and determine the economically recoverable resource (ERR) as a function of FandDC, LOE, and gas price. Our selected investment hurdle for a development project is a 20 percent rate of return and a payout of 5 years or less. Using our methodology, we have developed software to solve the problem. For the Barnett Shale data, at a FandDC of 3 Million dollars, we have found that 90 percent of the Barnet shale gas is economically recoverable at a gas price of 46 dollars/Mcf, 50 percent of the Barnet shale gas is economically recoverable at a gas price of 9.2 dollars/Mcf, and 10 percent of the Barnet shale gas is economically recoverable at a gas price of 5.2 dollars/Mcf. The developed methodology and software can be used to analyze other unconventional gas plays to reduce short-term uncertainties and determine the values of FandDC and gas prices that are required to recover economically a certain percentage of TRR.

Almadani, Husameddin Saleh A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

On dB spaces with nondensely defined multiplication operator and the existence of zero-free functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we consider de Branges spaces where the multiplication operator by the independent variable is not densely defined. First, we study the canonical selfadjoint extensions of the multiplication operator as a family of rank-one perturbations. Then, on the basis of the obtained results, we provide new necessary and sufficient conditions for a real, zero-free function to lie in a de Branges space.

Luis O. Silva; Julio H. Toloza

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

291

Sexual Priming, Gender Stereotyping, and Likelihood to Sexually Harass: Examining the Cognitive Effects of Playing a Sexually-Explicit Video Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brathwaite, B. (2007). Sex in video games. Boston, Mass. :of Stereotypic Images in Video Games Unfair, Legitimate,and consequences of playing video games. In P. Vorderer & J.

Yao, Mike Z.; Mahood, Chad; Linz, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Transportation Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to systematically identify and examine possible near and long-term ecological and environmental effects from the production of hydrogen from various energy sources based on the DOE hydrogen production strategy and the use of that hydrogen in transportation applications. This project uses state-of-the-art numerical modeling tools of the environment and energy system emissions in combination with relevant new and prior measurements and other analyses to assess the understanding of the potential ecological and environmental impacts from hydrogen market penetration. H2 technology options and market penetration scenarios will be evaluated using energy-technology-economics models as well as atmospheric trace gas projections based on the IPCC SRES scenarios including the decline in halocarbons due to the Montreal Protocol. Specifically we investigate the impact of hydrogen releases on the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere, the long-term stability of the ozone layer due to changes in hydrogen emissions, the impact of hydrogen emissions and resulting concentrations on climate, the impact on microbial ecosystems involved in hydrogen uptake, and criteria pollutants emitted from distributed and centralized hydrogen production pathways and their impacts on human health, air quality, ecosystems, and structures under different penetration scenarios

Wuebbles, D.J.; Dubey, M.K., Edmonds, J.; Layzell, D.; Olsen, S.; Rahn, T.; Rocket, A.; Wang, D.; Jia, W.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

High-level directives to drive the allocation of parallel object-oriented applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents the Abstract Configuration Language (ACL) implemented within the Parallel Objects object oriented parallel programming environment. ACL defines a set of directives that allow users to specify the allocation needs of his/her application ... Keywords: ACL, ACL directives, Abstract Configuration Language, Parallel Objects object oriented parallel programming environment, allocation decisions, allocation needs, application components, high level directives, parallel languages, parallel object oriented application allocation, run time support, testbed application

A. Corradi; L. Leenardi; F. Zambonelli

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

MTC Envelope: Defining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C, 113:21353-21360, 2009. 9 J. Elliott, I. Foster, K. Judd, E. Moyer, and T. Munson. CIM-EARTH: Philosophy, Models, and Case Studies. Technical Report ANLMCS-P1710-1209,...

295

FILE DEFINER MANUAL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.4.4 A Complete USERPROC Example 5.5 The EXPLAIN (EXP) Keyword 5.6 The SEARCHPROC (SEARCH) and PASSPROC (PAS) Keywords 6 The Subfile Section 6.1 The SUBFILE (SUB) Keyword 6.2...

296

The role of the non-Gaussianity plays in the enhancement of the fidelity in continuous variable quantum teleportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the role of non-Gaussianity (nG) plays in the enhancement of the fidelity in continuous-variable quantum teleportation of ideal Braunstein and Kimble (BK) protocol for coherent states, theoretically. The de-Gaussification procedure is realized through subtracting photons on the two-mode squeezed vacuum state (TMSVs). We find that the high fidelity always refers to a symmetrical arrangement of photon subtractions on the different modes of the TMSVs. The non-Gaussian resources demonstrate commendable superiorities compare with the Gaussian resources only for symmetrical arrangements of photon subtractions, however, the asymmetrical arrangements do not. When the total number of photon subtractions be a constant, we find that the optimal nG procedure prefers the most asymmetrical arrangement of subtractions. This characteristic is not consistent with the result that the highest fidelity refers to a symmetrical case. Under the same squeezing parameter, a higher nG might not always lead to a higher fidelity.

Ke-Xia Jiang

2013-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Case Study of Using Online Communities and Virtual Environment in Massively Multiplayer Role Playing Games MMORPGs as a Learning and Teaching Tool for Second Language Learners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games MMORPGs create large virtual communities. Online gaming shows potential not just for entertaining, but also in education. This research investigates the use of commercial MMORPGs to support second language ... Keywords: E-Learning, Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games MMORPGs, Online Education, Online Gaming, Personalized Learning, Second Language Learning, Virtual Environment

Isara Kongmee; Rebecca Strachan; Alison Pickard; Catherine Montgomery

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Thermal energy storage for cogeneration applications  

SciTech Connect

Cogeneration is playing an increasingly important role in providing energy efficient power generation and thermal energy for space heating and industrial process heat applications. However, the range of applications for cogeneration could be further increased if the generation of electricity could be coupled from the generation of process heat. Thermal energy storage (TES) can decouple power generation from the production of process heat, allowing the production of dispatchable power while fully utilizing the thermal energy available from the prime mover. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the US Department of Energy's Thermal Energy Storage Program. The program focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility applications (utility thermal energy storage (UTES)). Several of these technologies can be used in a cogeneration facility. This paper discusses TES concepts relevant to cogeneration and describes the current status of these TES systems.

Drost, M.K.; Antoniak, Z.I.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Thermal energy storage for cogeneration applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cogeneration is playing an increasingly important role in providing energy efficient power generation and thermal energy for space heating and industrial process heat applications. However, the range of applications for cogeneration could be further increased if the generation of electricity could be coupled from the generation of process heat. Thermal energy storage (TES) can decouple power generation from the production of process heat, allowing the production of dispatchable power while fully utilizing the thermal energy available from the prime mover. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the US Department of Energy's Thermal Energy Storage Program. The program focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility applications (utility thermal energy storage (UTES)). Several of these technologies can be used in a cogeneration facility. This paper discusses TES concepts relevant to cogeneration and describes the current status of these TES systems.

Drost, M.K.; Antoniak, Z.I.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Thermal energy storage for cogeneration applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cogeneration is playing an increasingly important role in providing energy efficient power generation and thermal energy for space heating and industrial process heat applications. However, the range of applications for cogeneration could be further increased if the generation of electricity could be coupled from the generation of process heat. Thermal energy storage (TES) can decouple power generation from the production of process heat, allowing the production of dispatchable power while fully utilizing the thermal energy available from the prime mover. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the US Department of Energy`s Thermal Energy Storage Program. The program focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility applications (utility thermal energy storage (UTES)). Several of these technologies can be used in a cogeneration facility. This paper discusses TES concepts relevant to cogeneration and describes the current status of these TES systems.

Drost, M.K.; Antoniak, Z.I.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques to Define the Hydraulic Zone of Influence of Cooling Water Intake Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past, the hydraulic zone of influence (HZI) of a cooling water intake structure (CWIS) has been inferred from the results of field sampling programs. Today, however, advanced hydraulic modeling techniques can be used to define the HZI of a CWIS using personal computers. This report provides information that can be used to quantitatively or qualitatively describe the "area of influence" or HZI of a power plant CWIS, as required under new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Water Act (C...

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

302

Anniversary Scholarship Application Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the University of Cambridge should complete the application form below and send it to The Pakistan Application Pakistan. Pakistan nationals who attend schools outside Pakistan are not eligible. 2. Applicants must complete the scholarship application form should be submitted to: The Pakistan Application Centre Cambridge

Travis, Adrian

303

Operation simulation of a robot for space applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we have outlined design considerations and design solutions for a structure of a chameleon-like robot for assembling, service and repairing of space stations. Requirements and characteristics are discussed with the aim to define design ... Keywords: chameleon-like, space application

Hui Li; Giuseppe Carbone; Marco Ceccarelli; Qiang Huang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

An application reference model for layered manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

The Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) Test Case 6 project (Rapid Product Development) was set up to demonstrate rapid product development and 3D measurement techniques where the agencies performing the work were distributed over different countries. Test Case 6 provided a unique opportunity to examine the process by which an application protocol (AP) of the Standard for Exchange of Product Data is prepared. The test case had a well defined scope, the production of simple parts by means of layered manufacturing techniques. The information concerned with this manufacture was similarly well defined, due to the requirement that the information be transmitted among the organizations participating in the test case. STEP is an international standard specifying the data content and format for storage and exchange of product data throughout the product`s life cycle. STEP has been under development since 1984 and is just now emerging as an International Standard. STEP is specified as a series of information models using the EXPRESS computer language. For purposes of data exchange, a mapping to a physical file format is specified. Informally, product data can be defined as all the data about a product which one might wish to save. This definition implies some variation in the amount of data to be saved in any one instance. In the case of Test Case 6, one would certainly wish to save the IGES files describing the part. One may or may not wish to save the manufacturing parameters. While there are many parts of STEP with different purposes, the important series of parts for the purposes of standardizing product data are those dealing with application protocols. An application protocol specifies the details of product data within the context of a single application (in this case, layered manufacturing). Other APs deal with such subjects as configuration-managed solid parts and associated drafting.

Kennicott, P.R.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

I. DEFINITIONS, SCOPE, APPLICABILITY AND PARAMETERS Definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residual gas stream. Gas stream containing methane that is to be flared in hour h as part of the project activity. Flare efficiency. Methane destruction efficiency of the flare in hour h, defined as the ratio between the mass flow rate of methane in the exhaust gas of the flare and the mass flow rate of methane in residual gas stream that is flared (both referred to in dry basis 1 and normal (NTP) conditions). Enclosed flare. Enclosed flares are defined as devices where the residual gas is burned in a cylindrical or rectilinear enclosure that includes a burning system and a damper where air for the combustion reaction is admitted. Open flare. Open flares are defined as devices where the residual gas is burned in an open air tip with or without any auxiliary fluid assistance. Scope and applicability This tool provides procedures to calculate project emissions from flaring of a residual gas stream (RG) containing methane. This tool is applicable under the following conditions: • The residual gas stream to be flared contains no other combustible gases than methane, carbon monoxide and hydrogen; The residual gas stream to be flared shall be obtained from decomposition of organic material (through landfills, bio-digesters or anaerobic lagoons, among others) or from gases vented in coal mines (coal mine methane and coal bed methane). 1 Dry basis refers to dry gas conditions (moisture must be discounted from flow rate and composition).CDM – Meth Panel Twenty-fourth meeting

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Synthesis, Properties and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2013 ... Applications of nanomaterials in energy harvesting, energy storage and energy delivery. • Applications to biological and chemical sensing and ...

307

Postdoc Application Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Application Process Postdoc Application Process Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in...

308

Approved Chemist Application 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

APPROVED CHEMIST APPLICATION 1. Name of Applicant 2. Company 3. Address 4. Analyst Number (2011) 5. City 6. State 7. Postal Code

309

3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber , and Shekhtman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electromagnetic data collected in a field survey can be inverted to recover a 3D distribution of elec- trical grid where E is defined on cell faces and H is defined on cell edges. The electric field is decomposed3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber

Oldenburg, Douglas W.

310

Industrial Applications of Renewable Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of Industrial Applications of Renewable Resources Industrial Applications of Renewable Resources Cincinnati, Ohio, USA Industrial Applications of Renewable Resources ...

311

Does DaYa-Bay Reactor Play an Important Role in Theta_{13} of Lepton Mixing (PMNS) Matrix ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactor neutrinos play an important role in determining parameter theta_{13} in the lepton mixing (PMNS) matrix. Next important step on measuring PMNS matrix could be to build another reactor neutrino experiment in DaYa bay, China, to search the possible oscillations via sin^2 (2theta_{13}) and Delta m^2_{13}. We consider 4 different schemes for positions of three 8-ton detectors of this experiment, and simulate the results with respect to an array of assumed ''true'' values of physics parameters. Using three kinds of analysis method, we suggest a best scheme for DaYa-Bay which is to place a detector 2200m ~ 2500m symmetrically away from two reactors, and to put the other two detectors closer to their corresponding reactors respectively, almost at a 100m \\~ 200m distance. Moreover, with conservative assumption on the experimental technique, we construct series of allowed regions from our simulation results, and give detailed explanations therein. The movable detectors in DaYa-Bay can measure solar neutrino pa...

Liu, Q Y; Chen, B L; Yang, P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Yang-Lee Zeros of the Two- and Three-State Potts Model Defined on $?^3$ Feynman Diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present both analytic and numerical results on the position of the partition function zeros on the complex magnetic field plane of the $q=2$ (Ising) and $q=3$ states Potts model defined on $\\phi^3 $ Feynman diagrams (thin random graphs). Our analytic results are based on the ideas of destructive interference of coexisting phases and low temperature expansions. For the case of the Ising model an argument based on a symmetry of the saddle point equations leads us to a nonperturbative proof that the Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle, although no circle theorem is known in this case of random graphs. For the $q=3$ states Potts model our perturbative results indicate that the Yang-Lee zeros lie outside the unit circle. Both analytic results are confirmed by finite lattice numerical calculations.

Luiz C. de Albuquerque; D. Dalmazi

2002-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Improving DOE-2's RESYS routine: User defined functions to provide more accurate part load energy use and humidity predictions  

SciTech Connect

In hourly energy simulations, it is important to properly predict the performance of air conditioning systems over a range of full and part load operating conditions. An important component of these calculations is to properly consider the performance of the cycling air conditioner and how it interacts with the building. This paper presents improved approaches to properly account for the part load performance of residential and light commercial air conditioning systems in DOE-2. First, more accurate correlations are given to predict the degradation of system efficiency at part load conditions. In addition, a user-defined function for RESYS is developed that provides improved predictions of air conditioner sensible and latent capacity at part load conditions. The user function also provides more accurate predictions of space humidity by adding ''lumped'' moisture capacitance into the calculations. The improved cooling coil model and the addition of moisture capacitance predicts humidity swings that are more representative of the performance observed in real buildings.

Henderson, Hugh I.; Parker, Danny; Huang, Yu J.

2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

Three-dimensional lithographically-defined organotypic tissue arrays for quantitative analysis of morphogenesis and neoplastic progression  

SciTech Connect

Here we describe a simple micromolding method to construct three-dimensional arrays of organotypic epithelial tissue structures that approximate in vivo histology. An elastomeric stamp containing an array of posts of defined geometry and spacing is used to mold microscale cavities into the surface of type I collagen gels. Epithelial cells are seeded into the cavities and covered with a second layer of collagen. The cells reorganize into hollow tissues corresponding to the geometry of the cavities. Patterned tissue arrays can be produced in 3-4 h and will undergo morphogenesis over the following one to three days. The protocol can easily be adapted to study a variety of tissues and aspects of normal and neoplastic development.

Nelson, Celeste M.; Inman, Jamie L.; Bissell, Mina J.

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

315

Nanoparticle modifications of photodefined nanostructures for energy applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advancement of materials technology towards the development of novel 3D nanostructures for energy applications has been a long-standing challenge. The purpose of this project was to explore photolithographically defineable pyrolyzed photoresist carbon films for possible energy applications. The key attributes that we explored were as follows: (1) Photo-interferometric fabrication methods to produce highly porous (meso, micro, and nano) 3-D electrode structures, and (2) conducting polymer and nanoparticle-modification strategies on these structures to provide enhanced catalytic capabilities and increase conductivity. The resulting electrodes were then explored for specific applications towards possible use in battery and energy platforms.

Polsky, Ronen; Xiao, Xiaoyin; Burckel, David Bruce; Brozik, Susan Marie; Washburn, Cody M.; Wheeler, David Roger

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Mechanical design of PlayLamp : a minimally intrusive device for recording the behavior of children at-risk of developmental disorders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis paper documents the design process, decisions, and outcomes of the design of the physical form factor of PlayLamp, a device for video and audio recording the development of children at-risk of having developmental ...

Steger, Stephen Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Second thermal storage applications workshop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On February 7 and 8, 1980, approximately 20 persons representing the management of both the Solar Thermal Power Systems Program (TPS) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Division of Central Solar Technology (CST) and the Thermal Energy Storage Program (TES) of the DOE Division of Energy Storage Systems (STOR) met in San Antonio, Texas, for the Second Thermal Storage Applications Workshop. The purpose of the workshop was to review the joint Thermal Energy Storage for Solar Thermal Applications (TESSTA) Program between CST and STOR and to discuss important issues in implementing it. The meeting began with summaries of the seven major elements of the joint program (six receiver-related, storage development elements, and one advanced technology element). Then, a brief description along with supporting data was given of several issues related to the recent joint multiyear program plan (MYPP). Following this session, the participants were divided into three smaller groups representing the program elements that mainly supported large power, small power, and advanced technology activities. During the afternoon of the first day, each group prioritized the program elements through program budgets and discussed the issues defined as well as others of concern. On the morning of the second day, representatives of each group presented the group's results to the other participants. Major conclusions arising from the workshop are presented regarding program and budget. (LEW)

Wyman, C.E.; Larson, R.W.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Autophagy plays an important role in Sunitinib-mediated cell death in H9c2 cardiac muscle cells  

SciTech Connect

Sunitinib, which is a multitargeted tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, exhibits antiangiogenic and antitumor activity, and extends survival of patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (mRCC) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). This molecule has also been reported to be associated with cardiotoxicity at a high frequency, but the mechanism is still unknown. In the present study, we observed that Sunitinib showed high anti-proliferative effect on H9c2 cardiac muscle cells measured by PI staining and the MTT assay. But apoptotic markers (PARP cleavage, caspase 3 cleavage and chromatin condensation) were uniformly negative in H9c2 cells after Sunitinib treatment for 48 h, indicating that another cell death pathway may be involved in Sunitinib-induced cardiotoxicity. Here we found Sunitinib dramatically increased autophagic flux in H9c2 cells. Acidic vesicle fluorescence and high expression of LC3-II in H9c2 cells identified autophagy as a Sunitinib-induced process that might be associated with cytotoxicity. Furthermore, knocking down Beclin 1 by RNA-interference to block autophagy in H9c2 cells revealed that the death rate was decreased when treated with Sunitinib in comparison to control cells. These results confirmed that autophagy plays an important role in Sunitinib-mediated H9c2 cells cytotoxicity. Taken together, the data presented here strongly suggest that autophagy is associated with Sunitinib-induced cardiotoxicity, and that inhibition of autophagy constitutes a viable strategy for reducing Sunitinib-induced cardiomyocyte death thereby alleviating Sunitinib cardiotoxicity.

Zhao Yuqin; Xue Tao; Yang Xiaochun; Zhu Hong; Ding Xiaofei; Lou Liming [Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 (China); Lu Wei [Department of Chemistry and Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062 (China); Yang Bo, E-mail: yang924@zju.edu.c [Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 (China); He Qiaojun, E-mail: qiaojunhe@zju.edu.c [Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 (China); Center for Drug Safety Evaluation and Research of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058 (China)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Decision Applications: D, Decision Applications: LANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decision Applications Division Systems Engineering and Integration, D-3 Energy and Infrastructure Analysis, D-4 Nuclear Design and Risk Analysis, D-5 Risk Analysis and Decision...

320

Striving Toward Energy Sustainability: How Plants Will Play a Role in Our Future (453rd Brookhaven Lecture)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Edible biomass includes sugars from sugar cane or sugar beets, starches from corn kernels or other grains, and vegetable oils. The fibrous, woody and generally inedible portions of plants contain cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, three key cell-wall components that make up roughly 70 percent of total plant biomass. At present, starch can readily be degraded from corn grain into glucose sugar, which is then fermented into ethanol, and an acre of corn can yield roughly 400 gallons of ethanol. In tapping into the food supply to solve the energy crisis, however, corn and other crops have become more expensive as food. One solution lies in breaking down other structural tissues of plants, including the stalks and leaves of corn, grasses and trees. However, the complex carbohydrates in cellulose-containing biomass are more difficult to break down and convert to ethanol. So researchers are trying to engineer plants having optimal sugars for maximizing fuel yield. This is a challenge because only a handful of enzymes associated with the more than 1,000 genes responsible for cell-wall synthesis have had their roles in controlling plant metabolism defined. As Richard Ferrieri, Ph.D., a leader of a biofuel research initiative within the Medical Department, will discuss during the 453rd Brookhaven Lecture, he and his colleagues use short-lived radioisotopes, positron emission tomography and biomarkers that they have developed to perform non-invasive, real time imaging of whole plants. He will explain how the resulting metabolic flux analysis gives insight into engineering plant metabolism further.

Ferrieri, Richard A. (Ph.D., Medical Department)

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Growth of silicon sheets for photovoltaic applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of silicon sheet development for photovoltaic applications is critically reviewed. Silicon sheet growth processes are classified according to their linear growth rates. The fast growth processes, which include edge-defined film-fed growth, silicon on ceramic, dendritic-web growth, and ribbon-to-ribbon growth, are comparatively ranked subject to criteria involving growth stability, sheet productivity, impurity effects, crystallinity, and solar cell results. The status of more rapid silicon ribbon growth techniques, such as horizontal ribbon growth and melt quenching, is also reviewed. The emphasis of the discussions is on examining the viability of these sheet materials as solar cell substrates for low-cost silicon photovoltaic systems.

Surek, T.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

An investigation to define the physical/chemical constraints which limit NO sub x emission reduction achievable by reburning  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Reburning is a NO{sub x} control technology which uses fuel to reduce NO. Thus, the main heat release zone can be operated normally to achieve optimum combustion conditions without regard for NO{sub x} control. Objectives of this program are to define the physical and/or chemical constraints which prevent realization of Point 5 (85% NO{sub x} reduction) with reburning, to use this information to identify and test improved configurations for reburning as an NO{sub x} control technique on coal-fired boilers, and to test various methods which could be used in practice to reduce NO{sub x} during the burnout step of the reburning process. The program will be performed at two experimental scales. Bench scale studies will be carried out in a 100 {times} 10{sup 3} Btu/hr tunnel furnace to evaluate the importance of chemical and physical constraints in the absence of mixing limitations. A 10 {times} 10{sup 6} Btu/hr pilot scale facility will subsequently be used to investigate the impacts of finite rate mixing and determine methods of minimizing them. A series of experiments will be conducted to verify the various concepts and demonstrate the optimum configuration for an advanced reburning process to achieve 85% NO{sub x} reduction at a cost lower than SCR. 24 figs.

McCarthy, J. M.; Moller, E. C.; Chen, S. L.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Use of Cluster Analysis to Define Periods of Similar Meteorology and Precipitation Chemistry in Eastern North America. Part I: Transport Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cluster analysis has been applied to transport vectors, derived from three years of daily backwards trajectories, in order to define a synoptic climatology of representative three-day periods of air mass movement. The resulting clusters represent ...

Mark E. Fernau; Perry J. Samson

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Experimental and statistical requirements for developing a well-defined K/sub IR/ curve. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Further development of a statistically well-defined reference fracture toughness curve to verify and compliment the K/sub IR/ curve presently specified in Appendix G, Section III of the ASME Code was accomplished by performing critical experiments in small specimen fracture mechanics and improving techniques for statistical analysis of the data. Except for cleavage-initiated fracture, crack initiation was observed to occur prior to maximum load for all of the materials investigated. Initiation fracture toughness values (K/sub Jc/) based on R-curve heat-tinting studies were up to 50 percent less than the previously reported equivalent energy values (K*/sub d/). At upper shelf temperatures, the initiation fracture toughness (K/sub Jc/) generally increased with stress intensification rate. Both K/sub Jc/--Charpy V-notch and K/sub Ic/--specimen strength ratio correlations are promising methods for predicting thick-section behavior from small specimens. The previously developed tanh curve fitting procedure was improved to permit estimates of the variances and covariances of the regression coefficients to be computed. The distribution of the fracture toughness data was determined as a function of temperature. Instrumented precracked Charpy results were used to normalize the larger specimen fracture toughness data. The transformed large specimen fracture toughness data are used to generate statistically based lower-bound fracture toughness curves for either static or dynamic test results. A comparison of these lower bound curves with the K/sub IR/ curve shows that the K/sub IR/ curve is more conservative over most of its range. 143 figures, 26 tables.

Server, W.L.; Oldfield, W.; Wullaert, R.A.

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Defining a competency framework to shape the professional education of national security master strategists: a web-based Delphi study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to develop a competency framework to shape development of a professional education program for master strategists in national security. The research problem focused on the absence of a competency framework to guide professional education of strategists who must be capable of conceptualization and innovation master strategists. The outcome of this study was a set of the most important components that constitute a professional education framework for master strategists. This Web-based study followed a RAND Delphi heuristic model that is qualitative in nature. Instrumentation for the first round consisted of a short vignette that placed panelists in a unique situation of being able to engage a "time traveler" from 20 years in the future. The time traveler represented a source of perfect knowledge, but could provide only a "yes" or "no" response to panel member questions concerning master strategist professional education needs in the year 2022. In the subsequent two Delphi rounds, the instruments consisted of panel member questions from the previous round. The panel of experts consisted of 12 professional strategists in the field of national security strategy. The results of the study provided support to the description of master strategists as strategic leaders, strategic theoreticians, and strategic practitioners. Panelists highlighted four content domains of personal attributes, security framework, theorybased knowledge, and culture and values that encompass the range of competencies for a master strategist professional education framework. Panel members detailed a need for master strategists to have a higher order temporal perspective to conceive time as epochs and ages, defined as shifts in development punctuated by events and prominent periods in progress, respectively. Panelists described a master strategist professional education framework that mirrored the theory of profound knowledge with meta-competencies as the basic building blocks.

Clark, Thomas George

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

NDU Application for 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The 2013 NDU Application is an application package that must be completed to attend the National Security Studies Program.  This program is designed to prepare future leaders of civilian agencies...

327

Application: Cold Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Application: Cold Climate. Fire Suppression in Cold Climates: A Technical Review.. Catchpole, DV; 2000. ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

Properties and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Powder Metallurgy Refractory Metals, Powder Metal Technologies and Applications, Vol 7, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1998, p 903â??913...

329

Products and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...lead consumed in the United States is used for battery applications. A lead-acid battery consists of a

330

Solid-State Transfer Switch Technology and Application Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static transfer switches are used to switch between multiple voltage sources. Most legacy transfer switches typically use electromechanical devices, and some use thyristors. The advent of advanced high-voltage power semiconductors has allowed the realization of solid-state transfer switches (SSTS) that can seamlessly transfer between switches to provide high-quality uninterrupted power. Although a few legacy applications have been reported, SSTS could have an important role to play in alternating-current...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Quantum technology and its applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum states of matter can be exploited as high performance sensors for measuring time, gravity, rotation, and electromagnetic fields, and quantum states of light provide powerful new tools for imaging and communication. Much attention is being paid to the ultimate limits of this quantum technology. For example, it has already been shown that exotic quantum states can be used to measure or image with higher precision or higher resolution or lower radiated power than any conventional technologies, and proof-of-principle experiments demonstrating measurement precision below the standard quantum limit (shot noise) are just starting to appear. However, quantum technologies have another powerful advantage beyond pure sensing performance that may turn out to be more important in practical applications: the potential for building devices with lower size/weight/power (SWaP) and cost requirements than existing instruments. The organizers of Quantum Technology Applications Workshop (QTAW) have several goals: (1) Bring together sponsors, researchers, engineers and end users to help build a stronger quantum technology community; (2) Identify how quantum systems might improve the performance of practical devices in the near- to mid-term; and (3) Identify applications for which more long term investment is necessary to realize improved performance for realistic applications. To realize these goals, the QTAW II workshop included fifty scientists, engineers, managers and sponsors from academia, national laboratories, government and the private-sector. The agenda included twelve presentations, a panel discussion, several breaks for informal exchanges, and a written survey of participants. Topics included photon sources, optics and detectors, squeezed light, matter waves, atomic clocks and atom magnetometry. Corresponding applications included communication, imaging, optical interferometry, navigation, gravimetry, geodesy, biomagnetism, and explosives detection. Participants considered the physics and engineering of quantum and conventional technologies, and how quantum techniques could (or could not) overcome limitations of conventional systems. They identified several auxiliary technologies that needed to be further developed in order to make quantum technology more accessible. Much of the discussion also focused on specific applications of quantum technology and how to push the technology into broader communities, which would in turn identify new uses of the technology. Since our main interest is practical improvement of devices and techniques, we take a liberal definition of 'quantum technology': a system that utilizes preparation and measurement of a well-defined coherent quantum state. This nomenclature encompasses features broader than entanglement, squeezing or quantum correlations, which are often more difficult to utilize outside of a laboratory environment. Still, some applications discussed in the workshop do take advantage of these 'quantum-enhanced' features. They build on the more established quantum technologies that are amenable to manipulation at the quantum level, such as atom magnetometers and atomic clocks. Understanding and developing those technologies through traditional engineering will clarify where quantum-enhanced features can be used most effectively, in addition to providing end users with improved devices in the near-term.

Boshier, Malcolm [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Berkeland, Dana [USG; Govindan, Tr [ARO; Abo - Shaeer, Jamil [DARPA

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

332

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

333

The geologic basis for appraising undiscovered hydrocarbon resources in the National Petroleum Reserve of Alaska by the play-appraisal method. [Glossary included  

SciTech Connect

The Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 provided for a Government study to determine the best general procedure for the development, production, transportation, and distribution of the hydrocarbon resources in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (NPRA). An essential and distinguishing feature of this study was the development of a resource-appraisal method that would furnish the estimates of undiscovered oil and gas resources in a form compatible with the sophisticated computer model demanded by the economic and policy-analysis portion of the study. This appraisal represents the first use of the newly developed play method and is the latest in a series of hydrocarbon-resource appraisals of the NPRA. As the most recent of the series, it is based on a larger number of data. In the NPRA, the play method was first used by the USGS in November 1979. At intervals averaging 6 months, as new information was gained from the ongoing drilling program, the original assessment was reviewed and updated. The chapter was prepared to document the petroleum geology for each assessed play and thus serve as a basis for further assessments. In addition, it provides information about the assessment personnel, the data base, and analogous formations; for each play, it includes a petroleum geology summary, an outline map, a completed assessment form, and resource estimates. A glossary of terms used in the assessment may be found at the end of this chapter.

Bird, K.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Oil has played a predominant role in shaping the politics, economy, development, and foreign relations of the Middle East over the past century. Since oil fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil has played a predominant role in shaping the politics, economy, development, and foreign relations of the Middle East over the past century. Since oil fuels modern industries and societies worldwide, oil in the Middle East has become a key strategic commodity influencing international affairs

335

The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a wind energy converter translates and operation of the wind energy converters make it beneficial to know the structural condition

Stanford University

336

Identifying Stakeholders, Applications and Impacts of AMI Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are eager to understand what the impacts and benefits are from advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). There have been many cost benefit studies done on AMI but very little information is available on realized benefits and actual costs from AMI deployments. In 2013 the IntelliGrid program will launch a project document the applications, impacts, value chains, benefits and costs of AMI deployments. This paper provides background information for this project by defining the stakeholders in ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

337

Results of DFMA Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...(Ref 21). Provide DFA overview for senior management. Choose DFA champion/coordinator. Define objectives. Choose pilot program. Choose test case. Identify team structure. Identify team members. Coordinate training. Have first workshop. During the workshop: Review the parts list and processes. Break...

338

Technical applications of aerogels  

SciTech Connect

Aerogel materials posses such a wide variety of exceptional properties that a striking number of applications have developed for them. Many of the commercial applications of aerogels such as catalysts, thermal insulation, windows, and particle detectors are still under development and new application as have been publicized since the ISA4 Conference in 1994: e.g.; supercapacitors, insulation for heat storage in automobiles, electrodes for capacitive deionization, etc. More applications are evolving as the scientific and engineering community becomes familiar with the unusual and exceptional physical properties of aerogels, there are also scientific and technical application, as well. This paper discusses a variety of applications under development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for which several types of aerogels are formed in custom sizes and shapes. Particular discussions will focus on the uses of aerogels for physics experiments which rely on the exceptional, sometimes unique, properties of aerogels.

Hrubesh, L.W.

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

NIST Laser Applications Staff Directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser Applications Staff Directory. Staff. Name, Position, Office Phone. ... Contact. Laser Applications Group Keith Lykke, Group Leader. ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

340

Laser Application for Material Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Advanced Materials, Processes and Applications for Additive Manufacturing: Laser Application for Material Processing Program Organizers: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

New Combined FAC Application  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, DC 20585 MEMORANDUM FOR SITE ACQUISITION CAREER MANAGER FROM: SUBJECT: Application for In accordance with DOE Order 361.1B, paragraph 4.B, I hereby request the subject certification, for which I completed the applicable education, experience and training standards as documented below. 1. E-mail address: Duty station: 2. Previous certification (attached): Date last issued or renewed: 3. Education (FAC-C applications only): Bachelor's degree OR 24 semester hours among these disciplines: accounting, law, business,

342

CIM Application Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Common Information Model (CIM) has been used as the basis or schema for implementing a real-time relational database in the CIM Application Integration Project. The CIM relational database is implemented in a normalized form so that it can support a complete range of utility transmission, generation, distribution, substation, and asset management applications. The objective of this document is to provide a final report on the CIM Application Integration Project.

2004-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

343

LANL application communication patterns  

SciTech Connect

This brief presentation describes the communication patterns used by a set of unclassified applications developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory: XNobel/XRAGE/RAGE/SAGE, Krak, Sweep3D, and Partisn. It mentions which processes communicate with which other processes, whether the application is typically run in a strong-scaling mode or a weak-scaling mode, what message sizes are commonly used, and how the application's performance changes at scale.

Pakiin, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

344

License Application Guidelines  

market, and describe how the funding will be obtained. LICENSE APPLICATION GUIDELINES– 6. ... Key events that have led to your company’s current position in the

345

Welding Technologies and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011 ... Joining of Advanced and Specialty Materials (JASM XIII): Welding Technologies and Applications Sponsored by: MS&T Organization Program ...

346

Design Competition Application (PDF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

economics of the product in terms of costs and potential revenue ... Deadline: Applications and project reports must be received by TMS before December 15.

347

Radiation Shielding Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shielding Radiation Shielding Applications Heavy concrete is standard concrete in which conventional aggregate (typically gravel) is replaced with aggregate composed of a dense...

348

Chemistry Applications at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry Chemistry Applications Gaussian 09 Gaussian 09 is a connected series of programs for performing semi-empirical, density functional theory and ab initio molecular orbital...

349

Applications of Zinc  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Typical applications of zinc-coated steel products...galvanized Various alloys Structural steel for power generating plants, petrochemical

350

Computer Applications & Process Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[valSummaryfrmSearchResults]. Item 1. Topic: Computer Applications & Process Control. Sort by: Title, Author, Publisher, Product Type, In Stock, Date Published ...

351

Applications of Sputtered Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...circuits Thin-film lasers Memory devices High-temperature superconductors A variety of sputtering techniques can be used in most applications,

352

Applications of UWB Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in wideband impulse technology, low power communication along with unlicensed band have enabled ultra wide band (UWB) as a leading technology for future wireless applications. This paper outlines the applications of emerging UWB technology in a private and commercial sector. We further talk about UWB technology for a wireless body area network (WBAN).

Ullah, Sana; Hussain, Asdaque; Kwak, Kyung Sup

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Steam Trap Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effective application of steam traps encompasses three primary areas which are the selection and sizing, the installation, and the monitoring of the steam trapping system. Proper application of steam traps will improve production rates, product quality, and reduce energy and maintenance costs.

Murphy, J. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Building application stack (BAS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many commercial buildings have digital controls and extensive sensor networks that can be used to develop novel applications for saving energy, detecting faults, improving comfort, etc. However, buildings are custom designed, leading to differences in ... Keywords: building applications, controls, energy efficiency

Andrew Krioukov; Gabe Fierro; Nikita Kitaev; David Culler

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Seismic Fragility Application Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The "Seismic Fragility Applications Guide" provides utilities with in-depth guidelines for performing fragility analysis as part of a seismic probabilistic risk assessment (SPRA). These cost-effective and practical procedures and the resulting SPRA can support risk-informed/performance-based (RI/PB) applications. To download a pdf file of the product description for this report, click here.

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

356

Revitalizing a mature oil play: Strategies for finding and producing oil in Frio Fluvial-Deltaic Sandstone reservoirs of South Texas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domestic fluvial-dominated deltaic (FDD) reservoirs contain more than 30 Billion barrels (Bbbl) of remaining oil, more than any other type of reservoir, approximately one-third of which is in danger of permanent loss through premature field abandonments. The U.S. Department of Energy has placed its highest priority on increasing near-term recovery from FDD reservoirs in order to prevent abandonment of this important strategic resource. To aid in this effort, the Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, began a 46-month project in October, 1992, to develop and demonstrate advanced methods of reservoir characterization that would more accurately locate remaining volumes of mobile oil that could then be recovered by recompleting existing wells or drilling geologically targeted infill. wells. Reservoirs in two fields within the Frio Fluvial-Deltaic Sandstone (Vicksburg Fault Zone) oil play of South Texas, a mature play which still contains 1.6 Bbbl of mobile oil after producing 1 Bbbl over four decades, were selected as laboratories for developing and testing reservoir characterization techniques. Advanced methods in geology, geophysics, petrophysics, and engineering were integrated to (1) identify probable reservoir architecture and heterogeneity, (2) determine past fluid-flow history, (3) integrate fluid-flow history with reservoir architecture to identify untapped, incompletely drained, and new pool compartments, and (4) identify specific opportunities for near-term reserve growth. To facilitate the success of operators in applying these methods in the Frio play, geologic and reservoir engineering characteristics of all major reservoirs in the play were documented and statistically analyzed. A quantitative quick-look methodology was developed to prioritize reservoirs in terms of reserve-growth potential.

Knox, P.R.; Holtz, M.H.; McRae, L.E. [and others

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Review: Review of soil water models and their applications in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agriculture is the highest consumer of water resources in Australia. Soil water models play a vital role in agriculture in terms of estimating water use, water allocation and current water status at a given scale. This paper reviews widely-used soil ... Keywords: Applications, Complex models, Data availability, Limitations, Model review, Performances, Simple models, Soil water modelling, Water balance

Kemachandra Ranatunga; Eloise R. Nation; David G. Barratt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

What are the economic development impacts on U.S. counties of wind power projects, as defined by growth in per capita income  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of all new electric power capacity. ·Wind power plants are often developed in rural areas where local payments and employment growth during plant construction and operation. ·Wind energy represented 2What are the economic development impacts on U.S. counties of wind power projects, as defined

359

61. Nelson, D. C. Oil Shale: New Technologies Defining New Opportunities. Presented at the Platts Rockies Gas & Oil Conference, Denver, CO, April  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

61. Nelson, D. C. Oil Shale: New Technologies Defining New Opportunities. Presented at the Platts I, II Modeling of the In-Situ Production of Oil from .',1 l ',".1" Oil Shale ilil 'I' 'I~ :' l of conventional oil reserves amidst increasing liquid fuel demand in the world have renewed interest in oil shale

Kulp, Mark

360

Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Topical Area: MFE Title: Burning Plasma Experimental Options______________________________ · Description The options for a Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment are defined by the overall strategic of developing and integrating burning plasma physics, long pulse physics and technology, and fusion technologies

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

ICME Success Stories and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 8, 2013 ... Past success defines a clear path forward for major enhancement of materials genomics technology. 9:35 AM Predicting Fatigue Crack ...

362

Sensor application survey. Technical report, task 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Task 1 is a survey of well logging instrumentation undertaken to determine to what extent various tools can make use of severe environment acoustic sensor technology. The major goal was to establish the most appropriate tool for Task 2-Sensor Development and Optimization. Subject tools are borehole televiewer (BHTV), acoustic caliper, acoustic velocity logger, down hole flow meter (DHFM), and passive listening monitor. This report describes the investigation of tool capabilities, applications, operation, and limitations under present and anticipated geothermal conditions. The results of Task 1 suggest that development of a combination BHTV/Caliper tool would have the most favorable impact on improved geothermal well logging capabilities. Of nearly equal significance is DHFM. Acoustic velocity logger and passive listening devices are viewed as playing an important but lower priority role in geothermal resource characterization and development.

Not Available

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of Micromachined Probes for Bio-Nano Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most commonly known macro scale probing devices are simply comprised of metallic leads used for measuring electrical signals. On the other hand, micromachined probing devices are realized using microfabrication techniques and are capable of providing very fine, micro/nano scale interaction with matter; along with a broad range of applications made possible by incorporating MEMS sensing and actuation techniques. Micromachined probes consist of a well-defined tip structure that determines the interaction space, and a transduction mechanism that could be used for sensing a change, imparting external stimuli or manipulating matter. Several micromachined probes intended for biological and nanotechnology applications were fabricated, characterized and tested. Probes were developed under two major categories. The first category consists of Micro Electromagnetic Probes for biological applications such as single cell, particle, droplet manipulation and neuron stimulation applications; whereas the second category targets novel Scanning Probe topologies suitable for direct nanopatterning, variable resolution scanning probe/dip-pen nanolithography, and biomechanics applications. The functionality and versatility of micromachined probes for a broad range of micro and nanotechnology applications is successfully demonstrated throughout the five different probes/applications that were studied. It is believed that, the unique advantages of precise positioning capability, confinement of interaction as determined by the probe tip geometry, and special sensor/actuator mechanisms incorporated through MEMS technologies will render micromachined probes as indispensable tools for microsystems and nanotechnology studies.

Yapici, Murat K.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Geothermal Areas of Imperial Valley in Southern California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Applications of Radar Interferometry to Detect Surface Deformation in Geothermal Areas of Imperial Valley in Southern California Abstract InSAR (interferometric synthetic aperture radar) is applied in Imperial Valley of southern California to detect and characterize surface deformation in existing geothermal fields, possible future geothermal developments, and around faults. The data used are from the Envisat satellite, collected over the period 2003-2010. The specific InSAR technique applied, SqueeSARTM, identifies permanent and distributed scatterers (PS and DS), which play the role of numerous benchmarks

365

CARBON NANOTUBES: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Carbon nanotubes were discovered in 1991 as a minority byproduct of fullerene synthesis. Remarkable progress has been made in the ensuing years, including the discovery of two basic types of nanotubes (single-wall and multi-wall), great strides in synthesis and purification, elucidation of many fundamental physical properties, and important steps towards practical applications. Both the underlying science and technological potential of SWNT can profitably be studied at the scale of individual tubes and on macroscopic assemblies such as fibers. Experiments on single tubes directly reveal many of the predicted quantum confinement and mechanical properties. Semiconductor nanowires have many features in common with nanotubes, and many of the same fundamental and practical issues are in play – quantum confinement and its effect on properties; possible device structures and circuit architectures; thermal management; optimal synthesis, defect morphology and control, etc. In 2000 we began a small effort in this direction, conducted entirely by undergraduates with minimal consumables support from this grant. With DOE-BES approval, this grew into a project in parallel with the carbon nanotube work, in which we studied of inorganic semiconductor nanowire growth, characterization and novel strategies for electronic and electromechanical device fabrication. From the beginnings of research on carbon nanotubes, one of the major applications envisioned was hydrogen storage for fuel-cell powered cars and trucks. Subsequent theoretical models gave mixed results, the most pessimistic indicating that the fundamental H2-SWNT interaction was similar to flat graphite (physisorption) with only modest binding energies implying cryogenic operation at best. New material families with encouraging measured properties have emerged, and materials modeling has gained enormously in predictive power, sophistication, and the ability to treat a realistically representative number of atoms. One of the new materials, highly porous carbide-derived carbons (CDC), is the subject of an add-on to this grant awarded to myself and Taner Yildirim (NIST). Results from the add-on led eventually to a new 3-year award DE-FG02-08ER46522 “From Fundamental Understanding to Predicting New Nanomaterials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage”, $1000K, (05/31/2008 - 05/01/2011) with Taner Yildirim and myself as co-PI’s.

Fischer, John, E.

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

366

Wind energy applications guide  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The brochure is an introduction to various wind power applications for locations with underdeveloped transmission systems, from remote water pumping to village electrification. It includes an introductory section on wind energy, including wind power basics and system components and then provides examples of applications, including water pumping, stand-alone systems for home and business, systems for community centers, schools, and health clinics, and examples in the industrial area. There is also a page of contacts, plus two specific example applications for a wind-diesel system for a remote station in Antarctica and one on wind-diesel village electrification in Russia.

anon.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

OpenSHMEM Application Programming Interface, v1.0 Final  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document defines the elements of the OpenSHMEM Application Programming Interface. The purpose of the OpenSHMEM API is to provide programmers with a standard interface for writing parallel programs using C, C++ and Fortran with one-sided communication.

Kuehn, Jeffery A [ORNL; Chapman, Barbara [University of Houston, Houston; Curtis, Anthony R [ORNL; Mauricio, Ricardo [University of Houston, Houston; Pophale, Swaroop [University of Houston, Houston; Nanjegowda, Ramachandra [University of Houston, Houston; Banerjee, Amrita [University of Houston, Houston; Feind, Karl [SGI; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL; Smith, Lauren [United States Department of Defense

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Morphological computation and morphological control: Steps toward a formal theory and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Morphological computation can be loosely defined as the exploitation of the shape, material properties, and physical dynamics of a physical system to improve the efficiency of a computation. Morphological control is the application of morphological computing ... Keywords: Morphological computation, analogue computation, embodiment, prosthetics, systems medicine

Rudolf M. Füchslin; Andrej Dzyakanchuk; Dandolo Flumini; Helmut Hauser; Kenneth J. Hunt; Rolf H. Luchsinger; Benedikt Reller; Stephan Scheidegger; Richard Walker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

SelfMotion: A Declarative Approach for Adaptive Service-Oriented Mobile Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on mobile devices. This explains the growing demand for high quality software for such devices. To improve devices, mobile applications need to be as adaptive as possible. However, mainstream adaptation strategies are usually defined imperatively and require complex control strategies strongly intertwined

Cugola, Gianpaolo

370

Learning to play strong poker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Poker is an interesting test-bed for artificial intelligence research. It is a game of imperfect knowledge, where multiple competing agents must deal with risk management, opponent modeling, unreliable information, and deception, much like decision-making ...

Darse Billings; Lourdes Peńa; Jonathan Schaeffer; Duane Szafron

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Plug-and-Play nondeterminacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nondeterminacy occurs commonly in computing, much more than we recognise. Indeed it deserves to be recognised as a fundamental notion, meriting a place alongside other fundamental notions such as algorithm, recursion, data type, concurrency, object, ...

Joseph M. Morris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Application of ion implantation to electrochemical studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of ion implantation to electrochemical studies is illustrated with a study of electrocatalysis of the chlorine evolution reaction at RuO{sub 2}, IrO{sub 2}, TiO{sub 2} mixed oxide anodes in chloride solutions. Electrode/solution interfaces of well defined catalyst composition are generated in a reproducible manner by implantation of Ru (or Ir) into Ti followed by in situ oxidation of the near surface titanium alloys. Ion implantation enables the tailoring on an atomic scale of an electrochemical interface. Analysis by Rutherford backscattering adds the ability of quantitative mechanistic study in terms of actual ion concentration at the interface. In addition, ion implantation, as a processing technique, creates new materials with improved properties which may have future practical use in catalytic materials.

Vallet, C.E.; White, C.W.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Commercial gasifier for IGCC applications study report  

SciTech Connect

This was a scoping-level study to identify and characterize the design features of fixed-bed gasifiers appearing most important for a gasifier that was to be (1) potentially commercially attractive, and (2) specifically intended for us in integrated coal gasification/combined-cycle (IGCC) applications. It also performed comparative analyses on the impact or value of these design features and on performance characteristics options of the whole IGCC system since cost, efficiency, environmental traits, and operability -- on a system basis -- are what is really important. The study also reviewed and evaluated existing gasifier designs, produced a conceptual-level gasifier design, and generated a moderately advanced system configuration that was utilized as the reference framework for the comparative analyses. In addition, technical issues and knowledge gaps were defined. 70 figs., 31 tabs.

Notestein, J.E.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Harsh environments electronics : downhole applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development and operational sustainment of renewable (geothermal) and non-renewable (fossil fuel) energy resources will be accompanied by increasingly higher costs factors: exploration and site preparation, operational maintenance and repair. Increased government oversight in the wake of the Gulf oil spill will only add to the cost burden. It is important to understand that downhole conditions are not just about elevated temperatures. It is often construed that military electronics are exposed to the upper limit in terms of extreme service environments. Probably the harshest of all service conditions for electronics and electrical equipment are those in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. From the technology perspective, advanced materials, sensors, and microelectronics devices are benefificial to the exploration and sustainment of energy resources, especially in terms of lower costs. Besides the need for the science that creates these breakthroughs - there is also a need for sustained engineering development and testing. Downhole oil, gas, and geothermal well applications can have a wide range of environments and reliability requirements: Temperature, Pressure, Vibration, Corrosion, and Service duration. All too frequently, these conditions are not well-defifined because the application is labeled as 'high temperature'. This ambiguity is problematic when the investigation turns to new approaches for electronic packaging solutions. The objective is to develop harsh environment, electronic packaging that meets customer requirements of cost, performance, and reliability. There are a number of challenges: (1) Materials sets - solder alloys, substrate materials; (2) Manufacturing process - low to middle volumes, low defect counts, new equipment technologies; and (3) Reliability testing - requirements documents, test methods and modeling, relevant standards documents. The cost to develop and sustain renewable and non-renewable energy resources will continue to escalate within the industry. Downhole electronics can provide a very cost-effective approach for well exploration and sustainment (data logging). However, the harsh environments are a 'game-changer' in terms defining materials, assembly processes and the long-term reliability of downhole electronic systems. The system-level approach will enable the integration of each of these contributors - materials, processes, and reliability - in order to deliver cost-effective electronics that meet customer requirements.

Vianco, Paul Thomas

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Adjustable speed drives: Applications and R&D needs  

SciTech Connect

The largest opportunity for the growth of adjustable speed drives (ASDs) during the next 5-6 years is in pump, fan and compressor (PFC) applications where a constant, fixed speed operation is converted to adjustable speed in order to realize energy savings. Inverter supplied induction motors are and will continue to be predominately used in these applications. Over the long term (10-15 years), the greatest ASD growth is expected in large volume consumer applications: first in hybrid electric vehicles (EVs) and in residential heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC). Both induction and a variety of AC Permanent Magnet motors are expected to be the dominant technology in this new field. The traditional ASD applications in industries which require adjustable speed (such as machine tools, robotics, steel rolling, extruders, paper mill finishing lines, etc.) offer a relatively limited potential for above average ASD growth since most of these applications have already converted to electronic speed control. As a result, ASD growth in this sector will essentially track the growth of the corresponding industries. If realized, both short and long term ASD growth opportunities will result in significant advancements of ASD technology, which will then substantially affect all other, more fragmented, ASD applications. In fact, any single large volume ASD application will serve as a catalyst for improving ASD characteristics in all other ASD applications with the same voltage rating. ASD cost and reliability (defined in the context of application compatibility) are the two most important factors which will determine whether the ASD growth opportunities are realized. Conversely, any technological improvement which carries a cost increase will be restricted to niche applications, at best. Consequently, future R & D efforts should be directed to secure reduction in ASD cost and improvement in ASD reliability. A specific action plan is outlined in this report.

Stefanovic, V.R.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Help Guide for Applicants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Careers at Brookhaven 1 Careers at Brookhaven 1 October 2012 Careers at Brookhaven Help Guide for Applicants Table of Contents Brookhaven National Laboratory ................................................................................... 2 Careers at Brookhaven ..................................................................................................... 2 Careers Home Page ........................................................................................................... 3 Latest Job Postings ........................................................................................................... 5 Register to Login ............................................................................................................... 8

377

Certification Application Templates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The application templates for each level of FPD certification mirror the competency requirements listed in the CEG. Candidates may use these to prepare their profiles in an editable format prior to...

378

Neutron sources and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Naval applications program  

SciTech Connect

This memorandum provides an discussion as to the possible application of nuclear ramjet propulsion in a submarine-based missile system. Questions are raised as to modifications required, compatibility with present submarine launch facilities, and missile and booster volume.

Hadley, J. W.

1962-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

380

Photovoltaic systems and applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Abstracts are given of presentations given at a project review meeting held at Albuquerque, NM. The proceedings cover the past accomplishments and current activities of the Photovoltaic Systems Research, Balance-of-System Technology Development and System Application Experiments Projects at Sandia National Laboratories. The status of intermediate system application experiments and residential system analysis is emphasized. Some discussion of the future of the Photovoltaic Program in general, and the Sandia projects in particular is also presented.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

MAAP4 Applications Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing Modular Accident Analysis Program Version 4 (MAAP4) documentation consists of the MAAP4 User's Manual, the MAAP4 user's guides for input preparation, and transmittal documents that describe individual revisions. These components contain detailed information on the mechanics of running the code as well as detailed descriptions of the individual models, but they do not include specific applications guidance. This applications guidance document is intended to fill that gap by providing sufficie...

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

382

Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The structural model is based on the role of subsurface igneous dikes providing a buttressing effect in a regional strain field such that permeability is greatly enhanced. The basic thermal anomaly at McCoy was defined by substantial U.S. Department of Energy-funded temperature gradient drilling and geophysical studies conducted during the period 1978 to 1982. This database will be augmented with modern magnetotelluric, controlled-source audio-magnetotelluric, and 2D/3D reflection seismic surveys to define likely fluid up-flow plumes that will be drilled with slant-hole technology. Two sites for production-capable wells will be drilled in geothermally prospective areas identified in this manner. The uniqueness of this proposal lies in the use of a full suite of modern geophysical tools, use of slant-hole drilling, and the extensive technical database from previous DOE funding.

383

How effective is new variable modified Chaplygin gas to play the role of dark energy- A dynamical system analysis in RS II Brane model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by some previous works of Rudra et al we set to explore the background dynamics when dark energy in the form of New Variable Modified Chaplygin gas is coupled to dark matter with a suitable interaction in the universe described by brane cosmology. The main idea is to find out the efficiency of New variable modified Chaplygin gas to play the role of DE. As a result we resort to the technique of comparison with standard dark energy models. Here the RSII brane model have been considered as the gravity theory. An interacting model is considered in order to search for a possible solution of the cosmic coincidence problem. A dynamical system analysis is performed because of the high complexity of the system . The statefinder parameters are also calculated to classify the dark energy model. Graphs and phase diagrams are drawn to study the variations of these parameters and get an insight into the effectiveness of the dark energy model. It is also seen that the background dynamics of New Variable Modified Chaplygin gas is consistent with the late cosmic acceleration. After performing an extensive mathematical analysis, we are able to constrain the parameters of new variable modified Chaplygin gas as $mgas. Our investigation leads us to the fact that New Variable Modified Chaplygin gas is not as effective as other Chaplygin gas models to play the role of dark energy.

Prabir Rudra; Chayan Ranjit; Sujata Kundu

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

384

Application in Advanced Laparoscopic Procedures: Medical Ice...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications Homeland Security Applications Biomedical Applications Medical Ice Slurry Coolants for Inducing Targeted-OrganTissue Protective Cooling Technology...

385

Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, PUREX storage tunnels  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to Part B permit application documentation submitted for individual, operating treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, such as the PUREX Storage Tunnels (this document, DOE/RL-90-24). Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needs defined by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology alpha-numeric section identifiers from the permit application guidance documentation (Ecology 1996) follow, in brackets, the chapter headings and subheadings. A checklist indicating where information is contained in the PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation, in relation to the Washington State Department of Ecology guidance, is located in the Contents Section. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Wherever appropriate, the PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. Information provided in this PUREX Storage Tunnels permit application documentation is current as of April 1997.

Price, S.M.

1997-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Gaseous Detectors: recent developments and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since long time, the compelling scientific goals of future high energy physics experiments were a driving factor in the development of advanced detector technologies. A true innovation in detector instrumentation concepts came in 1968, with the development of a fully parallel readout for a large array of sensing elements - the Multiwire Proportional Chamber (MWPC), which earned Georges Charpak a Nobel prize in physics in 1992. Since that time radiation detection and imaging with fast gaseous detectors, capable of economically covering large detection volume with low mass budget, have been playing an important role in many fields of physics. Advances in photo-lithography and micro-processing techniques in the chip industry during the past decade triggered a major transition in the field of gas detectors from wire structures to Micro-Pattern Gas Detector (MPGD) concepts, revolutionizing cell size limitations for many gas detector applications. The high radiation resistance and excellent spatial and time resolution make them an invaluable tool to confront future detector challenges at the next generation of colliders. The design of the new micro-pattern devices appears suitable for industrial production. Novel structures where MPGDs are directly coupled to the CMOS pixel readout represent an exciting field allowing timing and charge measurements as well as precise spatial information in 3D. Originally developed for the high energy physics, MPGD applications has expanded to nuclear physics, UV and visible photon detection, astroparticle and neutrino physics, neutron detection and medical physics.

Maxim Titov

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

Natural Gas Applications  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Welcome to EIA's Natural Gas Applications. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Welcome to EIA's Natural Gas Applications. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Home Page Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Applications What's New Publications Applications Survey Forms Sign Up for Email Updates Contact Experts Applications EIA-176 Query System The EIA-176 Query system is a Windows-based system which runs under Windows operating systems 95, 98, 2000, NT - 4.0 Service Pack 3 or later. It provides a method of extracting and using the company level data filed on the Form EIA-176, and saving the query results in various media and formats. There are pre-selected data queries, which allow the user to select and run the most often-used queries, as well as the ability to create a customized query. Self-extracting executable files with run-time versions of Access are required to set up the system. You may also download the data tables if you already have Microsoft Access on your computer.

388

Sample Farm Bill Application: Guide for Small Wind Applicant  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Section 9006 Sample Small Wind Application Revised April 2007 This Sample Application is provided by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to assist applicants in meeting requirements under the Simplified Application Process contained in 7 CFR Part 4280. This sample describes a fictional project and is meant as an example for guidance purposes only. For complete application requirements, applicants should consult the regulation. Further information is available at http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rbs/farmbill/. This document is not officially endorsed by USDA. Table of Contents Forms, Certifications and Agreements Project specific forms: SF-424 Application for Federal Assistance 1 SF-424C Budget Information - Construction Programs 2

389

Defining the human endothelial transcriptome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in microarray technology facilitate the study of biological systems at a genome-wide level. Meaningful analysis of these transcriptional profiling studies, however, demands the concomitant development of novel ...

Natarajan, Sripriya, 1978-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Information Solutions: Database Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Database Applications Database Applications Argonne DOE-BES Central User Facility: A-Z People Query Data Warehouse Edits Registration | Registration Processing Security Admin Beamline Component Database System to manage beamline components. Beamline Downtime Report - UES Floor coordinator's downtime entry and reporting system. Beamline Directory | Beamline Entry Administration Links to the beamline websites and to detailed information about the equipment, techniques and contact information of a beamline. Beamline Usage and Scheduling System Long term schedule query and edit. Beamline schedule query and edit. Watchman and PSS data. Budget Proposal System Allows user to submit budget proposals via the web. Beamline Statistics Menu Query, entry and reporting of beamline statistics for ALD use only.

391

Solar application in Tunisia  

SciTech Connect

Various solar applications were constructed in Tunisia during a program sponsored by the Save the Children Federation. The solar applications were constructed in three community schools, a community wool workshop, a new prototype low income residence, an office, and several residences; solar water heating installations were also built. A modified Trombe wall was constructed partially with metal, thermal mass, and direct gain in a school. The low income residence was equipped with a Trombe wall, a roof overhang, and insulation. Passive solar water heating installations included a mini solar pond and a bottom loading batch water heater. The people and culture of Tunisia are discussed and appropriate technology for the country is reviewed.

Hopman, F.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Application of upspray type water distribution systems in cooling towers  

SciTech Connect

The efficient and uniform distribution of the warm circulating water on to the filling of cooling towers has been the continuing goal of the tower designer. The final element in the water distribution system, the sprayer, plays an important role in achieving this objective. This paper discusses the performance and operational characteristics of a sprayer utilized in counterflow towers that directs the water leaving the sprayer nozzle in an upward direction and briefly compares its performance with that of downward sprayers. The discussion also covers relative tower economics and application data of the sprayer.

Fay, H.P.; Hesse, G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Modular Power Converters for PV Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes technical opportunities to serve as parts of a technological roadmap for Shoals Technologies Group in power electronics for PV applications. There are many different power converter circuits that can be used for solar inverter applications. The present applications do not take advantage of the potential for using common modules. We envision that the development of a power electronics module could enable higher reliability by being durable and flexible. Modules would have fault current limiting features and detection circuits such that they can limit the current through the module from external faults and can identify and isolate internal faults such that the remaining modules can continue to operate with only minimal disturbance to the utility or customer. Development of a reliable, efficient, low-cost, power electronics module will be a key enabling technology for harnessing more power from solar panels and enable plug and play operation. Power electronics for computer power supplies, communication equipment, and transportation have all targeted reliability and modularity as key requirements and have begun concerted efforts to replace monolithic components with collections of common smart modules. This is happening on several levels including (1) device level with intelligent control, (2) functional module level, and (3) system module. This same effort is needed in power electronics for solar applications. Development of modular units will result in standard power electronic converters that will have a lower installed and operating cost for the overall system. These units will lead to increased adaptability and flexibility of solar inverters. Incorporating autonomous fault current limiting and reconfiguration capabilities into the modules and having redundant modules will lead to a durable converter that can withstand the rigors of solar power generation for more than 30 years. Our vision for the technology roadmap is that there is no need for detailed design of new power converters for each new application or installation. One set of modules and controllers can be pre-developed and the only design question would be how many modules need to be in series or parallel for the specific power requirement. Then, a designer can put the modules together and add the intelligent reconfigurable controller. The controller determines how many modules are connected, but it might also ask for user input for the specific application during setup. The modules include protection against faults and can reset it, if necessary. In case of a power device failure, the controller reconfigures itself to continue limited operation until repair which might be as simple as taking the faulty module out and inserting a new module. The result is cost savings in design, maintenance, repair, and a grid that is more reliable and available. This concept would be a perfect fit for the recently announced funding opportunity announcement (DE-FOA-0000653) on Plug and Play Photovoltaics.

Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

2012 Market Report on U.S. Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications  

SciTech Connect

At the end of 2012, U.S. wind turbines in distributed applications reached a 10-year cumulative installed capacity of more than 812 MW from more than 69,000 units across all 50 states. In 2012 alone, nearly 3,800 wind turbines totaling 175 MW of distributed wind capacity were documented in 40 states and in the U.S. Virgin Islands, with 138 MW using utility-scale turbines (i.e., greater than 1 MW in size), 19 MW using mid-size turbines (i.e., 101 kW to 1 MW in size), and 18.4 MW using small turbines (i.e., up to 100 kW in size). Distributed wind is defined in terms of technology application based on a wind project’s location relative to end-use and power-distribution infrastructure, rather than on technology size or project size. Distributed wind systems are either connected on the customer side of the meter (to meet the onsite load) or directly to distribution or micro grids (to support grid operations or offset large loads nearby). Estimated capacity-weighted average costs for 2012 U.S. distributed wind installations was $2,540/kW for utility-scale wind turbines, $2,810/kW for mid-sized wind turbines, and $6,960/kW for newly manufactured (domestic and imported) small wind turbines. An emerging trend observed in 2012 was an increased use of refurbished turbines. The estimated capacity-weighted average cost of refurbished small wind turbines installed in 2012 was $4,080/kW. As a result of multiple projects using utility-scale turbines, Iowa deployed the most new overall distributed wind capacity, 37 MW, in 2012. Nevada deployed the most small wind capacity in 2012, with nearly 8 MW of small wind turbines installed in distributed applications. In the case of mid-size turbines, Ohio led all states in 2012 with 4.9 MW installed in distributed applications. State and federal policies and incentives continued to play a substantial role in the development of distributed wind projects. In 2012, U.S. Treasury Section 1603 payments and grants and loans from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Rural Energy for America Program were the main sources of federal funding for distributed wind projects. State and local funding varied across the country, from rebates to loans, tax credits, and other incentives. Reducing utility bills and hedging against potentially rising electricity rates remain drivers of distributed wind installations. In 2012, other drivers included taking advantage of the expiring U.S. Treasury Section 1603 program and a prosperous year for farmers. While 2012 saw a large addition of distributed wind capacity, considerable barriers and challenges remain, such as a weak domestic economy, inconsistent state incentives, and very competitive solar photovoltaic and natural gas prices. The industry remains committed to improving the distributed wind marketplace by advancing the third-party certification process and introducing alternative financing models, such as third-party power purchase agreements and lease-to-own agreements more typical in the solar photovoltaic market. Continued growth is expected in 2013.

Orrell, Alice C.; Flowers, L. T.; Gagne, M. N.; Pro, B. H.; Rhoads-Weaver, H. E.; Jenkins, J. O.; Sahl, K. M.; Baranowski, R. E.

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

395

Platforms for AAL applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: AAL, AmI, ICT, ISO, OSGi, URC, alliance, application, e-inclusion, healthcare, open source policies, openURC, personal user interface, platform, platform for accessible user interfaces, pluggable user interface, policies, reference platform, smart homes, software platform, standardization, standards, universal remote console (URC), web service description language (WSDL)

Gunnar Fagerberg; Antonio Kung; Reiner Wichert; Mohammad-Reza Tazari; Bruno Jean-Bart; Gerald Bauer; Gottfried Zimmermann; Francesco Furfari; F. Potortě; S. Chessa; M. Hellenschmidt; J. Gorman; Jan Alexandersson; Jürgen Bund; Eduardo Carrasco; Gorka Epelde; Martin Klima; Elena Urdaneta; Gregg Vanderheiden; Ingo Zinnikus

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Application-storage discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discovering application dependency on data and storage is a key prerequisite for many storage optimization tasks such as data assignment to storage tiers, storage consolidation, virtualization, and handling unused data. However, in the real world these ... Keywords: enterprise storage, experimental evaluation, storage discovery

Nikolai Joukov; Birgit Pfitzmann; HariGovind V. Ramasamy; Murthy V. Devarakonda

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Applications: Operational wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capability Applications: Operational wind turbines Benefits: Optimize wind turbine performance Summary: Researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Intelligent Wind Turbine Program are developing a multi-physics modeling approach for the analysis of wind turbines in the presence of realistic

398

Art applications for crowds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed two different art applications as a way of guiding and testing of our technical work in crowd simulation and interface devices. In this paper, we describe both of them as well as the systems used to implement them. ‘Crowds’ ...

Isaac Rudomin; Erik Millán; Benjamín Hernández; Marissa Díaz; Daniel Rivera

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A canonical form for Projected Entangled Pair States and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that two different tensors defining the same translational invariant injective Projected Entangled Pair State (PEPS) in a square lattice must be the same up to a trivial gauge freedom. This allows us to characterize the existence of any local or spatial symmetry in the state. As an application of these results we prove that a SU(2) invariant PEPS with half-integer spin cannot be injective, which can be seen as a Lieb-Shultz-Mattis theorem in this context. We also give the natural generalization for U(1) symmetry in the spirit of Oshikawa-Yamanaka-Affleck, and show that a PEPS with Wilson loops cannot be injective.

Perez-Garcia, D; Gonzalez-Guillen, C E; Wolf, M M; Cirac, J I

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

MIME Extensions for Mail-Enabled Applications: application/Safe-Tcl and multipart/enabled-mail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIME [RFC-MIME] defines a format and general framework for the representation of a wide variety of data types in Internet mail. This document defines two new subtypes of MIME data, the application/Safe-Tcl and multipart/enabled-mail subtypes, for providing Enabled Mail [EM-MODEL] in the Internet community. A table of contents appears at the end of this document. 1. Overview Most electronic mail, even multimedia mail as standardized in MIME [RFC-MIME], is "passive" in the sense that the data are unidirectional. Textual, image, audio, or video data are simply displayed to the user, who reads, views, listens, or watches it and then must take specific action to initiate any response to the data, such as to reply to the originator, to replay the data, or to redistribute it to other recipients. Less commonly used, but the subject of considerable research attention, has been "active" mail, in which the data delivered through the mail constitute a program in a well-specified language, allowi...

Nathaniel Borenstein; Nathaniel Borenstein Bellcore

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Pending Applications | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pending Applications Pending Applications Pending Applications Pending Export Authorization Applications: To Mexico: EA-145-E Powerex Corp (FR Notice) Applied 08/29/2013 Powerex Corp (Application) Powerex Corp (Comments from Jean Public 11-4-13) To Canada: EA-98-M WSPP Inc (FR Notice) Applied 02/24/2012 WSPP Inc (Application) EA-258-D Brookfield Energy Marketing Inc (FR Notice) Applied 10/24/2013 Brookfield Energy Marketing Inc (Application) EA-298 ISO New England (FR Notice) Applied 10/29/2004 ISO New England (Application) EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp (FR Notice) Applied 10/05/2013 New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp (Application) New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp (Comments from Jean Public 11-4-13) EA-388 TEC Energy (FR Notice) Applied 09/13/2013

402

Distributed Wind Market Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Wind Market Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute â—Ź Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-39851 November 2007 Distributed Wind Market Applications T. Forsyth and I. Baring-Gould Prepared under Task No. WER6.7502 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

403

Ceramics for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

Ceramics are required for a variety of uses in both near-term fusion devices and in commercial powerplants. These materials must retain adequate structural and electrical properties under conditions of neutron, particle, and ionizing irradiation; thermal and applied stresses; and physical and chemical sputtering. Ceramics such as Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, MgAl/sub 2/O/sub 4/, BeO, Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ and SiC are currently under study for fusion applications, and results to date show widely-varying response to the fusion environment. Materials can be identified today which will meet initial operating requirements, but improvements in physical properties are needed to achieve satisfactory lifetimes for critical applications.

Clinard, F.W. Jr.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Selection and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Applications of permanent magnet materials...energy and less weight Voice coil motors (computers) NdFeB High energy SmCo Availability Acoustic transducers Ferrite Low cost NdFeB Higher magnetic energy allows smaller size and weight Magnetic couplings (small gap) Ferrite Adequate magnetic energy at lower cost Bonded NdFeB Higher torque is...

405

Applications of HRSG Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Recovery Steam Generators are widely used in cogeneration and combined cycle plants generating steam utilizing energy from gas turbine exhaust. Before planning cogen projects, consultants should study various options available in terms of steam parameters and select the optimum. Simulation helps plan such studies. In addition, useful "what if" studies can be performed without even designing the HRSG, thus saving valuable time. This article outlines the applications of HRSG simulation and how plant engineers, consultants can benefit from such studies.

Ganapathy, V. V.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Foodservice Equipment Applications Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A typical foodservice operation may spend 75 percent or more of its energy dollar to provide lighting, refrigeration, ventilation, and miscellaneous end uses. Performance characteristics and operational advantages make electricity an excellent option for powering major cooking equipment. This handbook describes the six most common types of major cooking appliances--griddles, fryers, broilers, ovens, ranges, and kettles--including typical applications and industry purchasing trends. Such information will ...

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

407

IMS applications analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the market potential of a miniature, hand-held Ion Mobility Spectrometer. Military and civilian markets are discussed, as well as applications in a variety of diverse fields. The strengths and weaknesses of competing technologies are discussed. An extensive Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) bibliography is included. The conclusions drawn from this study are: (1) There are a number of competing technologies that are capable of detecting explosives, drugs, biological, or chemical agents. The IMS system currently represents the best available compromise regarding sensitivity, specificity, and portability. (2) The military market is not as large as the commercial market, but the military services are more likely to invest R and D funds in the system. (3) Military applications should be addressed before commercial applications are addressed. (4) There is potentially a large commercial market for rugged, hand-held Ion Mobility Spectrometer systems. Commercial users typically do not invest R and D funds in this type of equipment rather, they wait for off-the-shelf availability.

RODACY,PHILIP J.; REBER,STEPHEN D.; SIMONSON,ROBERT J.; HANCE,BRADLEY G.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Fuel cell market applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is a review of the US (and international) fuel cell development for the stationary power generation market. Besides DOE, GRI, and EPRI sponsorship, the US fuel cell program has over 40% cost-sharing from the private sector. Support is provided by user groups with over 75 utility and other end-user members. Objectives are to develop and demonstrate cost-effective fuel cell power generation which can initially be commercialized into various market applications using natural gas fuel by the year 2000. Types of fuel cells being developed include PAFC (phosphoric acid), MCFC (molten carbonate), and SOFC (solid oxide); status of each is reported. Potential international applications are reviewed also. Fuel cells are viewed as a force in dispersed power generation, distributed power, cogeneration, and deregulated industry. Specific fuel cell attributes are discussed: Fuel cells promise to be one of the most reliable power sources; they are now being used in critical uninterruptible power systems. They need hydrogen which can be generated internally from natural gas, coal gas, methanol landfill gas, or other fuels containing hydrocarbons. Finally, fuel cell development and market applications in Japan are reviewed briefly.

Williams, M.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

Transactional Network Platform: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

Dealer: application-aware request splitting for interactive cloud applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deploying interactive applications in the cloud is a challenge due to the high variability in performance of cloud services. In this paper, we present Dealer-- a system that helps geo-distributed, interactive and multi-tier applications meet their ... Keywords: cloud computing, geo-distribution, interactiv emulti-tier applications, performance variability, request redirection, service level agreement (SLA)

Mohammad Hajjat; Shankaranarayanan P. N; David Maltz; Sanjay Rao; Kunwadee Sripanidkulchai

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Towards autonomic application-sensitive partitioning for SAMR applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed structured adaptive mesh refinement (SAMR) techniques offer the potential for accurate and cost-effective solutions of physically realistic models of complex physical phenomena. However, the heterogeneous and dynamic nature of SAMR applications ... Keywords: autonomic partitioning, dynamic applications, runtime application characterization, structured adaptive mesh refinement

Sumir Chandra; Manish Parashar

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications | Argonne Leadership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computing Science Seminar Start Date: Dec 12 2013 - 10:30am Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Navamita Ray Speaker(s) Title: Postdoc Interviewee - MCS Host: Tim Tautges Surface meshes are widely used by many numerical methods for solving partial differential equations. They not only represent computational grids for various discretization methods, but also are numerical objects in themselves. The accuracy of numerical methods, especially high-order methods, are highly dependent on the geometrical accuracy of the mesh as well as on that of differential or integral quantities defined over them. The situation is further complicated if the surface mesh does not have an

413

September 26, 2011, Department letter transmitting the Implementation Plan for Board Recommendation 2010-1, Safety Analysis Requirements for Defining Adequate Protection for the Public and the Workers.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 26, 2011 September 26, 2011 The Honorable Peter S. Winokur Chairman Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 625 Indiana Avenue, NW, Suite 700 Washington, DC 20004-2941 Dear Mr. Chairman: Enclosed is the Department of Energy's Implementation Plan for Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2010-1, Safety Analysis Requirements for Defining Adequate Protection for the Public and the Workers. This Plan provides the Department's approach for updating its Documented Safety Analysis Standards and requirements to clarify them in regards to performance of hazard and accident analysis and the identification of safety controls. I have assigned Dr. James B. O'Brien, Acting Director, Office of Nuclear Safety in the Office of Health, Safety and Security, as the Department's Responsible

414

Applications of agent based simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a survey and analysis of applications of Agent Based Simulation (ABS). A framework for describing and assessing the applications is presented and systematically applied. A general conclusion from the study is that even if ABS seems ...

Paul Davidsson; Johan Holmgren; Hans Kyhlbäck; Dawit Mengistu; Marie Persson

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Industrial Applications for Renewable Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This CD-ROM contains the PowerPoint presentations from the presenters from Industrial Applications of Renewable Resources: A Conference on Sustainable Technologies. Industrial Applications for Renewable Resources Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel DV

416

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Competition Forms and Applicable Instructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... paper submission. Go to Grants.gov; Under For Applicants click “Find Grant Opportunities” on “Basic Search”; Click inside ...

2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

418

Refractory Metals Characterization and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 9, 2012 ... Precipitation strengthened refractory alloys are particularly of interest for Stirling engine application where temperature capability approaching ...

419

Application - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Search & Browse Software: Licensing Instructions: Patents: Application. Industrial Partnerships Office P.O. Box 808, L-795 Livermore, CA 94551 ...

420

Compliance Certification Application  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

40 CFR Part 191 40 CFR Part 191 Compliance Certification Application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Appendix PIC United States Department of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad Area Office Carlsbad, New Mexico Passive Institutional Controls Conceptual Design Report PASSIVE INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN REPORT REVISION 0 MAY 14, 1996 1 C PASSIVE INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS DESIGN REPORT REVISION 0 PASSIVE INSTITUTIONAL CONTROLS CONCEPTUAL DESIGN REPORT MAY 1 4 . 1 9 9 6 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A . Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B . Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 C . Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 I1 . SITE DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 I11 . DESIGN REQUIREMENTS/CRITERIA . . . . . . . . . . 17 IV . MESSAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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421

Physical and Chemical Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data image data image Physical and Chemical Applications Research in this area includes: Chemical analysis (femtosecond laser ablation). Advanced sensors (laser ultrasonics). Advanced materials and nanotechnology for clean energy- hydrogen storage, nanostructured organic light-emitting diodes, nanowires, and nanoparticles). Photons to fuels (biosynthetic pathways for generating hydrocarbon biofuels in photosynthetic organisms). Advanced Sensor Development Sensor-based control of industrial processes can help companies: Decrease production costs; Reduce waste of raw materials on manufacturing lines; Lower manufacturing downtime from equipment maintenance; Increase the energy efficiency of manufacturing processes; Detect equipment failure early, before it becomes a major liability;

422

Passive solar applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive solar applications in buildings are described. The major emphasis of the research has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both various design parameters and the weather on system performance. Results from both test modules and monitored buildings are discussed. Simulation analysis, the development of simplified methods, and systems analysis are outlined. Passive solar potential in China is discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Breaking New Ground: Innovation in Games, Play, Practice and Theory. Proceedings of DiGRA 2009 2009 Authors & Digital Games Research Association (DiGRA). Personal and educational classroom use of this paper is allowed,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constructions of agency is Pilgrim in the Microworld by David Sudnow (1983), an account of learning to play on the Holodeck. Free Press, New York, 1997. 17. Sudnow, D. Pilgrim in the Microworld. Warner Books, New York

California at Santa Cruz, University of

424

Direct application of geothermal energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An overall treatment of direct geothermal applications is presented with an emphasis on the above-ground engineering. The types of geothermal resources and their general extent in the US are described. The potential market that may be served with geothermal energy is considered briefly. The evaluation considerations, special design aspects, and application approaches for geothermal energy use in each of the applications are considered. The present applications in the US are summarized and a bibliography of recent studies and applications is provided. (MHR)

Reistad, G.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Plug and Play Components for Building-Integrated PV Systems: Phase I--Final Report, 20 February 2002--19 February 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the development by RWE Schott Solar, Inc., of innovative new products to facilitate the broad use of its PV systems in the current markets. RWE manufactures and sells the 300-watt ASE-300 PV module and also provides complete photovoltaic system engineering, design, and turnkey PV system installation services. RWE Schott Solar has many years of experience designing PV arrays and installing them on flat roofs and pitched roofs, and had plans to improve these designs. Specifically, wind-tunnel testing and analyses were needed for the new flat-roof PV array mounting system that avoids roof penetrations. In addition, to simplify large grid-tied PV systems for flat-roof applications, the company's line of wiring junction boxes needed to be updated with new components and higher-power multi-circuit configurations. For pitched-roof residential applications, testing was planned to determine the holding power of three different fasteners in a wide range of wood-sheathing types found in residential construction to help optimize fastening methods. A device for connecting PV to the grid at a meter socket was innovated and is also being developed.

Russell, M. C.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

NP Spinoff Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

benefits-of-np/spinoff-applications/ The benefits-of-np/spinoff-applications/ The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of national importance. It oversees - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en {E2B4AF1B-93AA-4FC1-9D32-02D3DDE2C9C6}http://science.energy.gov/np/highlights/2013/np-2013-08-a/ Massive Energy Storage in Semiconductors (SMES) Novel high temperature superconductor magnet technology charts new territory.

427

Surety applications in transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrastructure surety can make a valuable contribution to the transportation engineering industry. The lessons learned at Sandia National Laboratories in developing surety principles and technologies for the nuclear weapons complex and the nuclear power industry hold direct applications to the safety, security, and reliability of the critical infrastructure. This presentation introduces the concepts of infrastructure surety, including identification of the normal, abnormal, and malevolent threats to the transportation infrastructure. National problems are identified and examples of failures and successes in response to environmental loads and other structural and systemic vulnerabilities are presented. The infrastructure surety principles developed at Sandia National Laboratories are described. Currently available technologies including (a) three-dimensional computer-assisted drawing packages interactively combined with virtual reality systems, (b) the complex calculational and computational modeling and code-coupling capabilities associated with the new generation of supercomputers, and (c) risk-management methodologies with application to solving the national problems associated with threats to the critical transportation infrastructure are discussed.

Matalucci, R.V.; Miyoshi, D.S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Department of Energy Issues Request for Pre-Applications to U.S.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Request for Pre-Applications to U.S. Request for Pre-Applications to U.S. Universities for Nuclear Energy Research and Development Proposals Department of Energy Issues Request for Pre-Applications to U.S. Universities for Nuclear Energy Research and Development Proposals October 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced a new Request for Pre-Applications for universities interested in conducting cutting-edge nuclear energy research and development (R&D). "Nuclear energy is our largest source of carbon free energy and must play a major role as we face the threat of climate change and transition to a thriving clean energy economy," said Secretary Chu. "This announcement reflects a strong partnership with our great research institutions to

429

EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Application Components  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application Components to someone by E-mail Share EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Application Components on Facebook Tweet about EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Application...

430

Edible Applications Technology Division Student Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Student award for paper presentations in Edible Applications Edible Applications Technology Division Student Award Divisions achievement agricultural analytical application award awards biotechnology detergents distinguished division Divisions edi

431

Crystallization of Lipids, Nucleation to Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of Crystallization of Lipids, Nucleation to Application Crystallization of Lipids, Nucleation to Application Toronto, Canada Crystallization of Lipids, Nucleation to Application ...

432

Neogene carbonate exploration play concepts for Northern New Guinea: New iteration from field work and seismic stratigraphy along the Northern New Guinea Fault Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent field reconnaissance, petrography, nanno and foraminifera age determinations, and seismic stratigraphy of the Sepik and Piore subbasins of northern New Guinea reveal the existence of an extensive, tectonically unstable, Miocene-Pliocene carbonate shelf system. These findings represent the first recorded evidence of northern Papuan limestones coeval in age to those of the hydrocarbon productive Salawati Basin of Irian Jaya. Moreover, these observations also demonstrate the significance of episodic activities of the northern New Guinea fault zone upon the changes in carbonate sedimentation and diagenesis. During the Neogene, algal biosparites to foraminiferal biomicrites defined the clean portion of a mixed clastic-carbonate shelf system of the northern New Guinea basin, which began at the central New Guinea cordillera and deepened northward. This shelf was interrupted by coral-coralline algal boundstone fringing- to patch-reef buildups with associated skeletal grainstones. Clean carbonates were spatially and temporally restricted to basement blocks, which episodically underwent uplift while terrigenous dilutes carbonates were more common in adjacently subsiding basement block bathymetric lows. These tectonic expressions were caused by the spatially transient nature of constraining bends of the evolving north New Guinea faults. As shown by seismic stratigraphy, by the late Miocene to the early Pliocene the uplift of the Bewani-Torricelli Mountains sagittally divided the shelf of the northern New Guinea basin into the Ramu-Sepik and the Piore basins. Continued regional sinistral transpression between the Pacific and the New Guinea leading edge of the Indo-Australian plates led to the reverse tilting of the Piore basin, the shallowing of the former distal shelf with concomitant extensive biolithite development (e.g., on subsiding volcanic islands) eventual uplifting of the Oenake Range, and en echelon faulting of the Bewani-Torricelli Mountains.

Pigott, J.D.; Geiger, C. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Applicability of the Taylor-Green-Kubo formula in particle diffusion theory  

SciTech Connect

Diffusion coefficients of particles can be defined as time integrals over velocity correlation functions, or as mean square displacements divided by time. In the present paper it is demonstrated that these two definitions are not equivalent. An exact relation between mean square displacements and velocity correlations is derived. As an example of the applicability of these results so-called drift coefficients of energetic particles are discussed. It is explained why different previous approaches in drift theory provided contradicting results.

Shalchi, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Application of Cogeneration to Small Commercial Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Co-generation is sometimes defined as a customer owned, electrical generating system capable of feeding power back into the Electric Utility lines for compensation. For a long time, the Electric Utility Companies took the position that a customer could use electrical generating equipment for 'Emergency Standby', but only when the Utility power was not available. After all, the power company was in the business of selling power, and didn't want to have its customers in competition with them, whenever they wanted to generate their own power. With the Energy shortage of 1973 and subsequent events, where increased demands for more power were being made upon the Utilities, coupled with complex restrictions being placed upon the construction of new power plants, the utilities found that they needed all the help they could get to meet their peak demands. Recent Supreme Court rulings have now mandated that Utility companies must accept customer generated power, whenever the customer has excess generating capacity, and he should be compensated for same at reasonable rates. These decisions have opened up a 'Pandora's Box' of possible application problems for Design Engineers, which must be carefully addressed.

Cooper, D. S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Strategy Guideline: Application of a Construction Quality Process to Existing Home Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The Home Innovation Research Labs developed a construction quality process for new and existing high performance homes (HPH) in which high performance goals are established, specifications to meet those goals are defined, and construction monitoring points are added to the construction schedule so that critical energy efficiency details are systematically reviewed, documented, and tested in a timely manner. This report follows the evolution of the construction quality process from its development for new homes, to its application in the construction of a high performance home with enhanced specifications, and its application in a crawlspace renovation.

Mallay, D.; Del Bianco, M.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Improving DOE-2's RESYS routine: User defined functions to provide more accurate part load energy use and humidity predictions  

SciTech Connect

In hourly energy simulations, it is important to properly predict the performance of air conditioning systems over a range of full and part load operating conditions. An important component of these calculations is to properly consider the performance of the cycling air conditioner and how it interacts with the building. This paper presents improved approaches to properly account for the part load performance of residential and light commercial air conditioning systems in DOE-2. First, more accurate correlations are given to predict the degradation of system efficiency at part load conditions. In addition, a user-defined function for RESYS is developed that provides improved predictions of air conditioner sensible and latent capacity at part load conditions. The user function also provides more accurate predictions of space humidity by adding ''lumped'' moisture capacitance into the calculations. The improved cooling coil model and the addition of moisture capacitance predicts humidity swings that are more representative of the performance observed in real buildings.

Henderson, Hugh I.; Parker, Danny; Huang, Yu J.

2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

437

Development of a methodology for defining whole-building energy design targets for commercial buildings: Phase 2, Development concept stage report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1985, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has managed the Whole-Building Energy Design Targets project for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Building Technologies (formerly the Office of Buildings and Community Systems). The primary focus of the Targets project is to develop a flexible methodology for buildings industry use in setting energy performance guidelines for commercial buildings and for determining compliance with those guidelines. The project is being conducted as a two-phase effort. In Phase 1, Planning, the project team determined the research that was necessary for developing the Targets methodology. In the concept stage of Phase 2, Development, the team sought to define the technical and software development concepts upon which the overall Targets methodology will be based. The concept stage work is documented in four volumes, of which this summary volume is the first. The three other volumes are Volume 2: Technical Concept Development Task Reports, Volume 3: Workshop Summaries, and Volume 4: Software Concept Development Task Reports. 8 refs., 14 figs.

Jones, J.W. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA (USA)); Deringer, J.J. (American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC (USA)); McKay, H.N. (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New York, NY (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Development of a methodology for defining whole-building energy design targets for commercial buildings: Phase 2, Development Concept Stage Report  

SciTech Connect

The primary focus of the Whole-Building Energy Design Targets project is to develop a flexible methodology for setting target guidelines with which to assess energy efficiency in commercial building design. The proposed methodology has several innovative features. In this report, the authors document their work to define the software development concepts upon which the overall Targets methodology will be based. Three task reports are included here. Development of the user interface--that critical connection through which the human end-user (architect, engineer, planner, owner) will apply the methodology--is described in Section 2. In Section 3, the use of the software engineering process in Targets model development efforts is described. Section 4 provides details on the data and system integration task, in which interactions between and among all the major components, termed modules, of the Targets model were examined to determine how to put them together to create a methodology that is effective and easy to use. 4 refs., 26 figs.

Deringer, J.J. (American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC (USA)); Hall, J.D. (Deringer Group, Riva, MD (USA)); Jones, J.W. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., New York, NY (USA)); McKay, H.N. (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New York, NY (USA)); Alley, P.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Well-defined excited states of self-assembled InAs/InAlGaAs quantum dots on InP (001)  

SciTech Connect

Self-assembled InAs/InAlGaAs quantum dots (QDs) in an InAlGaAs matrix on InP (001) substrates were grown by the alternate growth method (AGQD), where an InAs layer with a thickness of 1 monolayer (ML) and an InAlGaAs layer with a thickness of 1 ML were alternately deposited. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy images indicated that the aspect ratio (height/width) for the AGQDs was {approx}0.25, which was higher than {approx}0.10 of conventionally grown InAs QDs. The photoluminescence (PL) peak position for the ground states of the AGQDs was 1.485 {mu}m with a linewidth broadening of 42 meV at room temperature, while the PL linewidth for the conventionally grown QDs was 85 meV. And the peaks for the excited-state transitions were also clearly observed from the excitation-power dependent PL. This is the first observation on the well-defined excited-state transitions from the InP-based InAs QDs, even though there were several reports on the features of the excited states.

Kim, Jin Soo; Lee, Jin Hong; Hong, Sung Ui; Kwack, Ho-Sang; Choi, Byung Seok; Oh, Dae Kon [Basic Research Laboratory, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Process fault tolerance: semantics, design and applications for high performance computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With increasing numbers of processors on current machines, the probability for node or link failures is also increasing. Therefore, application-level fault tolerance is becoming more of an important issue for both end-users and the institutions running the machines. In this paper we present the semantics of a fault-tolerant version of the message passing interface (MPI), the de-facto standard for communication in scientific applications, which gives applications the possibility to recover from a node or link error and continue execution in a well-defined way. We present the architecture of fault-tolerant MPI, an implementation of MPI using the semantics presented above as well as benchmark results with various applications. An example of a fault-tolerant parallel equation solver, performance results as well as the time for recovering from a process failure are furthermore detailed.

Jack J; Graham E. Fagg; Graham E. Fagg; Edgar Gabriel; Edgar Gabriel; Zizhong Chen; Zizhong Chen; Thara Angskun; Thara Angskun; George Bosilca; George Bosilca; Jelena Pjesivac-grbovic; Jelena Pjesivac-grbovic; Jack J. Dongarra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "defines applicable plays" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. <' ," . . * . RADIATION APPLICATIONS INCORPORATED . 370 Lexl.ngton Avenue New York 17# New York jq.5' L- Contract No. A T (30-l)-2093 with the United States Atom ic Energy Commission F O A M SEPARATION Progress Report for March, 1959 Abstract Appreciable cesium enrichment in the foam has been obtained using the system sodium tetraphenyl boron-Geigy reagent. Enrichment ratios varied from 1.5 to 3.5 depending upon operating conditions. The en- richment appears to depend on the ratio of the sodium tetraphenyl boron to Geigy reagent rather than on the absolute values of the indi- vidual concentrations. Further experiments are being conducted to verify and extend the range of results. Continuous countercurrent column operation has been continued.

442

A Hierarchy of Network Performance Characteristics for Grid Applications and Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a standard set of network characteristics that are useful for Grid applications and services as well as a classification hierarchy for these characteristics. The goal of this work is to identify the various types of network measurements according to the network characteristic they measure and the network entity on which they are taken. This document defines standard terminology to describe those measurements, but it does not attempt to define new standard measurement methodologies or attempt to define the best measurement methodologies to use for grid applications. However, it does attempt to point out the advantages and disadvantages of different measurement methodologies. This document was motivated by the need for the interchange of measurements taken by various systems in the Grid and to develop a common dictionary to facilitate discussions about and specifications for measurement systems. The application of this naming system will facilitate the creation of common schemata for describing network monitoring data in Grid Monitoring and Discovery Services, and thus help to address portability issues between the wide variety of network measurements used between sites of a Grid.

Lowekamp, B

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

443

A Big Response to a “Small” Problem: Identifying the Oxidative Potential of Nanomaterials and the Physicochemical Characteristics That Play a Role  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanotechnology as a science is emerging rapidly. As materials are synthesized and utilized at the nanometer size scale, concerns of potential health and safety effects are arising. In an effort to elucidate the physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles influential in toxicological studies, surface properties of metal oxide and carbonaceous nanoparticles were measured. These properties include zeta potential, dissolution and surface-bound chemical components. Subsequently, the role of these properties in oxidative stress was examined in vitro. This work identifies the influence that pH has on the zeta potential of nanoparticles. The zeta potential has the ability to alter colloidal stability, as the largest nanoparticle agglomerate is seen at or near the isoelectric point for each of the particles tested. Furthermore, it was observed that metal oxide nanoparticles which exhibit a charged surface at physiological pH, lead to decreased in vitro cellular viability as compared to those that were neutral. Thus, nanoparticle zeta potential may be an important factor to consider when attempting to predict nanoparticle toxicity. Real world exposure to nanoparticles is a mixture of various particulates and organics. Therefore, to simulate this particle mixture, iron oxide (Fe2O3) and engineered carbon black (ECB) were utilized in combination to identify potential synergistic reactions. Following in vitro exposure, both nanoparticle types are internalized into endosomes, where liberated Fe3+ reacts with hydroquinone moieties on the ECB surface yielding Fe2+. This bioavailable iron may then generate oxidative stress through intracellular pathways including the Fenton reaction. As oxidative stress is common in particulate toxicology, a comparison between the antioxidant defenses of epithelial (A549) and mesothelial (MeT-5A) cell lines was made. The A549 cell line exhibits alterations in the NRF2-KEAP1 transcription factor system and therefore retains high basal levels of phase II antioxidants. Both cell types were exposed to 33 nm silica where intracellular oxidant generation coupled with markers of oxidative stress were observed. While the MeT-5A cells exhibited a decrease in cell viability, the A549 cell line did not. Therefore, proper characterization of both material and biological systems prior to toxicity testing will help to further define the risks associated with the use of nanotechnology.

Berg, James Michael

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Application Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Application Data—1988- 2013. Following is data on the application process for ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

445

High Temperature Strain Gages for SOFC Application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the investigation/extension of high temperature strain gage applications sensors to SOFC applications.

Pineault, R.L.; Johnson, C.; Gemmen, R.S.; Gregory, O.; You, T.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

446

The MicroGrid: Using Emulation to Predict Application Performance in Diverse Grid Network Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improvements in networking and middleware technology are enabling large-scale grids that aggregate resources over wide-area networks to support applications at unprecedented levels of scale and performance. Unfortunately, existing middleware and tools can not in general inform a user as to the suitability of a given grid topology for a specific grid application. Instead, users generally develop ad hoc performance models for mapping their applications to resource and network topologies. Because application behavior alone is complex, and resource and network behavior further complicate the picture, users are typically reduced to nearly blind experimentation to discover how to deploy their application in the new grid environment. Only after the fact can a user discovers if the match was a good one. Further, even after finding a desirable configuration, there is no basis on which to determine if a much better configuration exists. We present a richer methodology for evaluating grid software and diverse grid environments based on the MicroGrid grid emulator. With the MicroGrid, users, grid researchers, or grid operators can define and emulate arbitrary collections of resources and networks. This allows study of an existing grid testbed under controlled conditions or even to study the efficacy of higher performance environments than are available today. Further, the MicroGrid supports direct execution of grid applications unchanged. These application can be written with MPI, C, C++, Perl, and/or Python and use the Globus middleware. This enables detailed and accurate study of application behavior.

Huaxia Xia; Holly Dail Ý; Henri Casanova *ý; Andrew Chien

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Applications of Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary of potential and actual applications of Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) technology and insights. Individual applications are derived from the experiences of a number of US nuclear utilities. This report identifies numerous applications of PRA techniques beyond those typically associated with PRAs. In addition, believing that the future use of PRA techniques should not be limited to those of the past, areas of plant operations, maintenance, and financial resource allocation are discussed. 9 refs., 3 tabs.

Burns, K.J.; Chapman, J.R.; Follen, S.M.; O'Regan, P.J. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (USA))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

Wheat, S.R.

1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

450

Android application of restaurant finder.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Mobile applications can be one of the best ways to keep consumers engaged with a brand as they are on the move. With the increase… (more)

Parne, Spoorthy Reddy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Vittorio de Nora Prize Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

4. Applications and related materials must be submitted by June 30 for consideration for the following year's prize. Mail to: Deborah Price, TMS, 184 Thorn Hill ...

452

Award Application and Requirements (PDF)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zip/Postal Code: Country: Telephone Number: E-mail: Supervisor's Name: DIVISION AFFILIATION: (Choose one if applicable.) EMPMD EPD LMD MPMD SMD.

453

Advanced Application Development Program Information  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summary of the Tranmission Reliability program's Advanced Applications Research and Development activity area. This program develops and demonstrates tools to monitor and control the grid with...

454

Permanent Magnets for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications II: Permanent Magnets for ... to 500% in the last 12 months, the most unstable being the price of Dy.

455

Aluminum: Technology, Applications, and Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 1, 1998 ... Print Book: Aluminium - Rolling (Process, Principle & Applications). Print Book: Hall-Héroult Centennial: First Century of Aluminum Process ...

456

Materials Science Applications at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Materials Science Applications VASP VASP is a plane wave ab initio code for quantum mechanical molecular dynamics. It is highly scalable and shows very good parallel...

457

CMC Applications - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 17, 2011 ... New structural insulation materials which support ablation-resistant flowpath liner materials for pintle and motor applications using Powdermet's ...

458

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Compression Fitting Application Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Compression Fitting Application Manual provides power plant maintenance personnel with current maintenance information on this type of component used in power plants, both fossil fuel and nuclear. This guide will assist plant maintenance personnel in improving the reliability of and reducing the maintenance costs for this equipment.

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cloud Application Architectures: Building Applications and Infrastructure in the Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much is said about the advantages and risks of cloud computing, but how do you actually create a web application for this environment or migrate existing applications to it? With this book, you'll learn the programming and system administration skills ...

George Reese

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: An Evaluation of the State of the Field in 2002 A BioSync Report. Issued by the Structural Biology Synchrotron users Organization, October, 2002. 2 Table of Contents: Introduction .................................................................................................... 3 Abbreviations .................................................................................................. 5 Executive Summary ......................................................................................... 6 General Concerns ............................................................................................ 9 Synchrotron operations and maintenance ............................................... 9 NSLS, CHESS and the geographical distribution of beam lines

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461

Computer applications: a service course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A paperless computer applications course, which is driven by an online syllabus is described. Students demo their work on the computer rather than hand in paper assignments. Several advanced topics are included to challenge the students and downloads ... Keywords: computer applications, data duplication, paperless

Abdul Sattar; Torben Lorenzen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Application Opportunities in Wireless Communications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of examining applications of wireless technologies that may present business potential for energy companies. Five different wireless technology areas are reviewed. Three areas -- Communication Networks, Monitored Security Services, and Home Automation -- potentially represent new business ventures for utilities. Two areas -- Automatic Vehicle Location and Automated Field-Force Management -- represent wireless applications with potential for reduced operating costs and improve...

1998-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

463

Corrugated pipe adhesive applicator apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for coating selected portions of the troughs of a corrugated pipe with an adhesive includes a support disposed within the pipe with a reservoir containing the adhesive disposed on the support. A pump, including a spout, is utilized for supplying the adhesive from the reservoir to a trough of the pipe. A rotatable applicator is supported on the support and contacts the trough of the pipe. The applicator itself is sized so as to fit within the trough, and contacts the adhesive in the trough and spreads the adhesive in the trough upon rotation. A trough shield, supported by the support and disposed in the path of rotation of the applicator, is utilized to prevent the applicator from contacting selected portions of the trough. A locator head is also disposed on the support and provides a way for aligning the spout, the applicator, and the trough shield with the trough. 4 figs.

Shirey, R.A.

1983-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

464

Corrugated pipe adhesive applicator apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for coating selected portions of the troughs of a corrugated pipe within an adhesive includes a support disposed within the pipe with a reservoir containing the adhesive disposed on the support. A pump, including a spout, is utilized for supplying the adhesive from the reservoir to a trough of the pipe. A rotatable applicator is supported on the support and contacts the trough of the pipe. The applicator itself is sized so as to fit within the trough, and contacts the adhesive in the trough and spreads the adhesive in the trough upon rotation. A trough shield, supported by the support and disposed in the path of rotation of the applicator, is utilized to prevent the applicator from contacting selected portions of the trough. A locator head is also disposed on the support and provides a way for aligning the spout, the applicator, and the trough shield with the trough.

Shirey, Ray A. (North Grafton, MA)

1983-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

Electrodeposition of ultrathin Pd, Co and Bi films on well-defined noble-metal electrodes: studies by ultrahigh vacuum-electrochemistry (UHV-EC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three illustrative cases involving the electrodeposition of ultrathin metal films of varying reactivities onto noble-metal substrates were investigated: (i) Pd on Pt(111), a noble admetal on a noble-metal surface; (ii) Bi on Pd(111), a less noble admetal on a noble-metal surface; and (iii) Co on polycrystalline Pd and Pd(111), a reactive metal on a noble-metal surface. The interfacial electrochemistry of these prototypical systems was characterized using a combination of electrochemical methods (voltammetry and coulometry) and ultrahigh vacuum electron spectroscopies (Auger electron spectroscopy, AES; low energy electron diffraction, LEED; and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, XPS). Potential-controlled adsorption-desorption cycles of aqueous bromide exerted surface smoothening effects on ultrathin Pd films with defect sites (steps). This procedure, dubbed as electrochemical (EC) annealing, constituted a nonthermal analogue to conventional annealing. EC-annealed ultrathin Pd films exhibited long-range surface order and remained free of oxygen adspecies. Pdadatoms occupying step-sites were selectively dissolved and/or rearranged to assume equilibrium positions in a well-ordered (1x1) film. Electrodeposition of Co was found to be highly surface-structuresensitive. While virtually no Co electrodeposition transpired on a clean Pd(111) surface, Co was voltammetrically deposited on (i) a Pd(111) electrode roughened by oxidation-reduction cycles; and (ii) thermally annealed polycrystalline Pd, which is a composite of the (111) and (100) facets. Electrodeposition of Co was also observed to be kinetically hindered and slow potential scan rates (0.1 mV/s) were required. Well-defined ultrathin Bi films were potentiostatically electrodeposited onto Pd(111); a Stranski-Krastanov growth mode was indicated. The electrochemical reactivity of ultrathin Bi films was characterized using two surface probes: aqueous iodide and D-glucose. (i) Exposure of the prepared Bi adlayers (��Bi 0.33) to aqueous iodide gave rise to (�3x�7) I-on-Bi superlattice. The same superlattice was obtained if Bi was electrodeposited onto Pd(111)(�3x�3)R30o-I. (ii) With respect to electrooxidation of D-glucose on Pd(111), the presence of Bi adlayers inhibited the by-product-induced "surface poisoning" of Pd(111) but reduced its electrocatalytic efficiency.

Baricuatro, Jack Hess L

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Application of fuel cells to highway and nonhighway transportation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Transportation is the nation's largest single energy user and accounts for approximately 50% of our current petroleum consumption. This fact not only defines the urgency of the problem, it also delineates the magnitude of the infrastructure already in place and the built-in inertia of the system. Major changes in our modes of transportation will not take place instantly, as we might wish, but will certainly require years and, perhaps, decades of steady evolution and technological development. Fuel cells are a promising alternate power source for transportation applications for a number of reasons. Modeling studies have indicated the potential for providing highway vehicles with performance and range comparable to those provided by internal combustion engines. Fuel cells are efficient and therefore reduce energy consumption. They are nonpolluting in terms of both air and noise pollution - highly desirable features for urban applications. In addition, they can operate on nonpetroleum fuels such as hydrogen or hydrogen in combined form, for example, methanol or ammonia, thereby reducing the nation's petroleum dependency. The investigation of the application of fuel cells to the highway transportation described began in 1977. Recently, the scope was broadened to include a determination of the feasibility of using fuel cells in nonhighway transportation, i.e., rail and marine.

Huff, J.R.; McCormich, J.B.; Lynn, D.K.; Bobbett, R.E.; Dooley, G.R.; Derouin, C.R.; Murray, H.S.; Srinivasan, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Application of fuel cells to highway and nonhighway transportation  

SciTech Connect

Transportation is the nation's largest single energy user and accounts for approximately 50% of our current petroleum consumption. This fact not only defines the urgency of the problem, it also delineates the magnitude of the infrastructure already in place and the built-in inertia of the system. Major changes in our modes of transportation will not take place instantly, as we might wish, but will certainly require years and, perhaps, decades of steady evolution and technological development. Fuel cells are a promising alternate power source for transportation applications for a number of reasons. Modeling studies have indicated the potential for providing highway vehicles with performance and range comparable to those provided by internal combustion engines. Fuel cells are efficient and therefore reduce energy consumption. They are nonpolluting in terms of both air and noise pollution - highly desirable features for urban applications. In addition, they can operate on nonpetroleum fuels such as hydrogen or hydrogen in combined form, for example, methanol or ammonia, thereby reducing the nation's petroleum dependency. The investigation of the application of fuel cells to the highway transportation described began in 1977. Recently, the scope was broadened to include a determination of the feasibility of using fuel cells in nonhighway transportation, i.e., rail and marine.

Huff, J.R.; McCormich, J.B.; Lynn, D.K.; Bobbett, R.E.; Dooley, G.R.; Derouin, C.R.; Murray, H.S.; Srinivasan, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Laboratory tests of IEC DER object models for grid applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP) and Sandia National Laboratories to jointly develop advanced methods of controlling distributed energy resources (DERs) that may be located within SRP distribution systems. The controls must provide a standardized interface to allow plug-and-play capability and should allow utilities to take advantage of advanced capabilities of DERs to provide a value beyond offsetting load power. To do this, Sandia and SRP field-tested the IEC 61850-7-420 DER object model (OM) in a grid environment, with the goal of validating whether the model is robust enough to be used in common utility applications. The diesel generator OM tested was successfully used to accomplish basic genset control and monitoring. However, as presently constituted it does not enable plug-and-play functionality. Suggestions are made of aspects of the standard that need further development and testing. These problems are far from insurmountable and do not imply anything fundamentally unsound or unworkable in the standard.

Blevins, John D. (PE Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ); Menicucci, David F.; Byrd, Thomas, Jr. (,; .); Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ginn, Jerry W.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan (Primecore, Inc.)

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Time and Frequency: Measurements and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a TCXO (temperature controlled quartz oscillator), or an OCXO (oven controlled crystal ... was defined based on the length of the mean solar day. ...

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

470