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1

Viscosity and dissipation - early stages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A very early start up time of the hydrodynamic evolution is needed in order to reproduce observations from relativistic heavy-ion collisions experiments. At such early times the systems is still not locally equilibrated. Another source of deviations from local equilibrium is the viscosity of the fluid. We study these effects at very early times to obtain a dynamical prescription for the transition from an early 2-dimensional expansion to a nearly equilibrated 3-dimensional expansion at latter stages. The role of viscosity at latter stages of the evolution is also illustrated.

P. Bozek

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Generic Difference between Early and Late Stages of BATSE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The early and late stages of gamma-ray bursts are studied in a statistical analysis of the large sample of long BATSE events. The primary peak is used as the boundary between the early and late stages of emission. Significant differences are found between the stages: the early stage is shorter, it has harder emission, and it becomes a smaller fraction of the total burst duration for burst groups of decreasing intensity.

Igor; Maxim; Dmitrij; Anton; Michael; William; Geoffrey; Robert; Charles

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Discovering colorons at the early stage LHC  

SciTech Connect

Prospects are investigated for the discovery of massive hypergluons using data from the early runs of the Large Hadron Collider. A center of mass energy of 7 TeV and an integrated luminosity of 1 fb{sup -1} or 5 fb{sup -1} are assumed. A phenomenological Lagrangian is adopted to evaluate the cross section of a pair of colored vector bosons (colorons, {rho}-tilde) decaying into four colored scalar resonances (hyperpions, {pi}-tilde), which then decay into eight gluons. The dominant eight-jet background from the production of 8g, 7g1q, 6g2q, and 5g3q is included. We find an abundance of signal events and that realistic cuts reduce the background enough to establish a 5{sigma} signal for the coloron mass of up to 733 GeV with 1 fb{sup -1} or 833 GeV with 5 fb{sup -1}.

Dicus, Duane A. [Center for Particles and Fields and Texas Cosmology Center, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Kao, Chung; Sayre, Joshua [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy and Oklahoma Center for High Energy Physics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Nandi, S. [Department of Physics and Oklahoma Center for High Energy Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Early-stage power grid analysis for uncertain working modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-performance integrated circuits are now reaching the 100-plus watt regime, and power delivery and power grid signal integrity have become critical. Analyzing the performance of the power delivery system requires knowledge of the current drawn by ... Keywords: Early-stage simulation, power grid, random walk, supply network

Haifeng Qian; S. R. Nassif; S. S. Sapatnekar

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Early-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain Working Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain Working Modes Haifeng Qian Department of ECE circuits are now reaching the 100-plus watt regime, and power delivery and power grid signal integrity have and Design Aids General Terms Algorithms, Performance, Design, Reliability Keywords Power grid, Supply

Sapatnekar, Sachin

6

Early developmental patterning sets the stage for brain evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early developmental patterning sets the stage for brain evolution Hans A. Hofmann1 Section of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 T he evolution of brain structure and function has long fascinated biologists of the brain--or brain region--and body size across a wide range of vertebrates (1). Besides random drift, two

Hofmann, Hans A.

7

Early stages in the development of stress corrosion cracks  

SciTech Connect

Processes in growth of short cracks and stage I of long stress corrosion cracks were identified and evaluated. There is evidence that electrochemical effects can cause short stress corrosion cracks to grow at rates faster or slower than long cracks. Short cracks can grow at faster rates than long cracks for a salt film dissolution growth mechanism or from reduced oxygen inhibition of hydrolytic acidification. An increasing crack growth rate with increasing crack length could result from a process of increasing crack tip concentration of a critical anion, such as Cl{sup {minus}}, with increasing crack length in a system where the crack velocity is dependent on the Cl{sup {minus}} or some other anion concentration. An increasing potential drop between crack tip and mouth would result in an increased anion concentration at the crack tip and hence an increasing crack velocity. Stage I behavior of long cracks is another early development stage in the life of a stress corrosion crack which is poorly understood. This stage can be described by da/dt = AK{sup m} where da/dt is crack velocity, A is a constant, K is stress intensity and m ranges from 2 to 24 for a variety of materials and environments. Only the salt film dissolution model was found to quantitatively describe this stage; however, the model was only tested on one material and its general applicability is unknown.

Jones, R.H.; Simonen, E.P.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Effects of hydroelectric turbine passage on fish early life stages  

SciTech Connect

Turbine-passage mortality has been studied extensively for juveniles and adults of migratory fish species, but few studies have directly quantified mortality of fish eggs and larvae. An analysis of literature relating to component stresses of turbine passage (i.e., pressure changes, blade contact, and shear) indicates that mortality of early life stages of fish would be relatively low at low-head, bulb turbine installations. The shear forces and pressure regimes normally experienced are insufficient to cause high mortality rates. The probability of contact with turbine blades is related to the size of the fish; less than 5% of entrained ichthyoplankton would be killed by the blades in a bulb turbine. Other sources of mortality (e.g., cavitation and entrainment of fish acclimated to deep water) are controlled by operation of the facility and thus are mitigable. Because turbine-passage mortality among fish early life stages can be very difficult to estimate directly, it may be more fruitful to base the need for mitigation at any given site on detailed knowledge of turbine characteristics and the susceptibility of the fish community to entrainment. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Cada, G.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Model atmospheres for novae during the early stages  

SciTech Connect

Continuum and line blanketing models for the photospheres of novae in the early stages of their outbursts are presented. The expanding envelopes are characterized by a very slow increase of density with decreasing radius which leads to very large geometrical extensions and large temperature differences between the inner and outer parts. The spectra show a large IR excess and a small Balmer jump which may be either in absorption or in emission. For the parameters considered (T{sub eff} = 10{sup 4}, 1.5 {times} 10{sup 4}, 2 {times} 10{sup 4}K, R = 10{sup 11} cm, solar composition), most lines are in absorption. The effects of both modifications in the temperature structure (e.g. by heating from shock fronts) and changes in the abundances of the heavy elements on the emergent spectra are briefly discussed. 13 refs., 11 figs.

Wehrse, R.; Hauschildt, P.H. (Heidelberg Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Theoretische Astrophysik); Shaviv, G. (Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Physics); Starrfield, S. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

niscent of the early stages of the industrial revolution, when inefficient factories pollut-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

niscent of the early stages of the industrial revolution, when inefficient factories pollut- ed environment.However,agreenerrevolution is also needed -- a revolution that incorpo- rates accumulated

Wolfe, Cecily J.

11

Konvexe Mengen Def. Eine Teilmenge A Rn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Punkte des Raumes Rn , und m1, ..., mk R0, so dass mind. ein mi > 0. Def. Der Schwerpunkt von x1, ..., xk mit Massen m1, ..., mk ist der Punkt a + 1�k i=1 mi k i=1 mi -axi = a + 1�k i=1 mi k i=1 mi (xi - a). Lemma 26 Schwerpunkt h¨angt nicht von der Wahl des Punktes a ab. Beweis. b + 1 k i=1 mi k i=1 mi

Matveev, Vladimir S.

12

Predictors of Help Seeking Among Early Adolescents: Stages and Factors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present study examined mental health help seeking among early adolescents. Drawing from past research (Andersen & Newman, 1973; Andersen, 1995; Srebnik, Cauce, & Baydar,… (more)

Bates, Lindsay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

ANALYSIS OF THE EARLY STAGE OF THERMAL RUNAWAY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......stage; equation (1) does not model the consumption of chemical species which becomes more...conduction from the walls of the containing vessel over unit time (the time, very nearly...combustion of a finite region of gaseous fuel (Ph.D. Thesis, Cranfield Institute......

J. W. DOLD

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Lessons from early stages design of mobile applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of lessons that resulted from the design process of several mobile applications. It starts by addressing the difficulties that emerged through the data gathering, prototyping and evaluation stages also stressing the absence ... Keywords: design methodologies, evaluation, mobile devices, prototyping, scenarios design

Marco de Sá; Luís Carriço

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Accessibility at early stages: insights from the designer perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Usually, a huge number of tools and proposals help developers assess Accessibility of Web applications; however, looking from the designer perspective, there is no such a similar situation. It seems that creating accessible Web sites is more expensive ... Keywords: accessibility early design, aspect-oriented design, user interface models, web engineering

Adriana Martín; Alejandra Cechich; Gustavo Rossi

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fault tree synthesis from UML models for reliability analysis at early design stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

System reliability analysis is often neglected at early design stages when design decisions change the system architecture rigorously. This is because appropriate methods are time consuming and require an in-depth knowledge about the applied method. ...

Christoph Lauer; Reinhard German; Jens Pollmer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

A Model for Recording Early-Stage Proposals and Decisions on Using COTS Components in Architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large networked systems can include the whole technological spectrum of embedded systems from deeply embedded applicationspecific systems to software intensive applications including COTS component intensive subsystems. Significant up-front and early-stage ...

Tuomas Ihme

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Improvements to building energy usage modeling during early design stages and retrofits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variety of improvements to the MIT Design Advisor, a whole-building energy usage modeling tool intended for use during early design stages, are investigated. These include changes to the thermal mass temperature distribution ...

Mandelbaum, Andrew (Andrew Joseph)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Department of Energy to Invest up to $12 Million to Support Early Stage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

up to $12 Million to Support Early up to $12 Million to Support Early Stage Solar Technologies Department of Energy to Invest up to $12 Million to Support Early Stage Solar Technologies January 20, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that the Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will invest up to $12 million in total funding - $10 million from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - in four companies to support the development of early stage solar energy technologies and help them advance to full commercial scale. The goal of this effort is to help further expand a clean energy economy and make solar energy more cost-competitive with conventional forms of electricity. "Expanding the solar power industry in the U.S. can create new jobs, reduce

20

Early stage expansion and time-resolved spectral emission of laser-induced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early stage expansion and time-resolved spectral emission of laser-induced Early stage expansion and time-resolved spectral emission of laser-induced plasma from polymer Title Early stage expansion and time-resolved spectral emission of laser-induced plasma from polymer Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Boueri, Myriam, Matthieu Baudelet, Jin Yu, Xianglei Mao, Samuel S. Mao, and Richard E. Russo Journal Applied Surface Science Volume 255 Issue 24 Pagination 9566-9571 Date Published 09/2009 Keywords Early stage plasma expansion, Laser ablation of polymer, Plasma spectral emission Abstract In the nanosecond laser ablation regime, absorption of laser energy by the plasma during its early stage expansion critically influences the properties of the plasma and thus its interaction with ambient air. These influences can significantly alter spectral emission of the plasma. For organic samples especially, recombination of the plasma with the ambient air leads to interfering emissions with respect to emissions due to native species evaporated from the sample. Distinguishing interfering emissions due to ambient air represents a critical issue for the application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to the analysis of organic materials. In this paper, we report observations of early stage expansion and interaction with ambient air of the plasma induced on a typical organic sample (nylon) using timeresolved shadowgraph. We compare, in the nanosecond ablation regime, plasmas induced by infrared (IR) laser pulses (1064 nanometers) and ultraviolet (UV) laser pulses (266 nanometers). Nanosecond ablation is compared with femtosecond ablation where the post-ablation interaction is absent. Subsequent to the early stage expansion, we observe for each studied ablation regime, spectral emission from CN, a typical radical for organic and biological samples. Time-resolved LIBS allows identifying emissions from native molecular species and those due to recombination with ambient air through their different time evolution behaviors.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microscopic observations of samples affected by delayed ettringite formation (DEF)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article, which deals with the study of the microscopic modifications of DEF-affected materials, has two main objectives. The first one is to study the influence of sample preparation on the microcracks of sp...

Nordine Leklou; Jean-Emmanuel Aubert; Gilles Escadeillas

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Outcomes in Patients With Early-Stage Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treated With Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the outcome in patients with early-stage hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) who were treated with radiotherapy (RT). Methods and Materials: Between February 1988 and February 2007, 77 patients with Stage I or Stage II HPC underwent definitive RT in the Division of Radiation Oncology at the National Cancer Center Hospital. Eleven of the patients received local irradiation, and the other 66 patients received elective bilateral neck irradiation and booster irradiation to the primary lesion. The median follow-up period for all the patients was 33 months from the start of RT, ranging from 3 to 229 months. Results: The rates of overall survival, HPC-specific survival, HPC recurrence-free survival, and local control with laryngeal voice preservation for the 77 patients at 5 years were 47%, 74%, 57%, and 70%, respectively. The survival rates were not affected by the patient characteristics or treatment factors, but the RT field was significantly correlated with local control in a multivariate analysis. Seven of the patients had Grade 3 or greater complications, but these complications occurred after salvage surgery in 6 of the patients. Of the 77 patients, 83% had synchronous or metachronous malignancies, but these malignancies did not influence the survival of the patients if the malignancies were detected at an early stage. Conclusion: RT is an appropriate treatment method for early-stage HPC. However, because synchronous or metachronous malignancies occur at a relatively high frequency, careful follow-up and the early detection of such malignancies are critical.

Yoshimura, Ryo-ichi, E-mail: ysmrmrad@tmd.ac.j [Division of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Oncology, Head and Neck Reconstruction Division, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo (Japan); Kagami, Yoshikazu; Ito, Yoshinori [Division of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Asai, Masao [Division of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Mayahara, Hiroshi; Sumi, Minako; Itami, Jun [Division of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Grain sorghum response to different flooding periods at the early boot stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRAIN SORGHUM RESPONSE TO DIFFERENT FLOODING PERIODS AT THE EARLY BOOT STAGE A Thesis by OSCAR ZOLEZZI DEL RIO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1976 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering GRAIN SORGHUM RESPONSE TO DIFFERENT FLOODING PERIODS AT THE EARLY BOOT STAGE A Thesis by OSCAR 2OLE22I DEL RIO Approved as to style and content by: airman o ommzttee Hea o Departme t e er...

Zolezzi del Rio, Oscar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

24

Body Weight Status, Inflammation, and Prognostic Markers in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Body Weight Status, Inflammation, and Prognostic Markers in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Brown Bag (UICCC) IHRP Fellow #12;Outline Relative risk of cancer mortality in obese men Pathophysiologic basis for excess risk The case for inflammation/immunity in prostate cancer Preliminary results from

Illinois at Chicago, University of

25

REQUEST FOR INFORMATION -NASA OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST EARLY STAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. NIAC is part of OCT's Early Stage Innovation (ESI) Division. ESI efforts are expected to #12;be short Exploration Technology Program: A Review of NASA's Exploration Technology Development Program, 2008, http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id Stone to the Future of Space Exploration: A Workshop Report, 2004, http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id

Christian, Eric

26

EFFECTS OF COPPER ON EARLY LIFE HISTORY STAGES OF NORTHERN ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS MORDAX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECTS OF COPPER ON EARLY LIFE HISTORY STAGES OF NORTHERN ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS MORDAX D. W. RICE, JR.,l F. L. HARRISON,l AND A. JEARLD, JR.2 ABSTRACT The sensitivity to copper of embryonic and larval total copper concentrations and the percent copper in labile forms were determined. From the cumulative

27

Propagating Uncertainty in Solar Panel Performance for Life Cycle Modeling in Early Stage Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Propagating Uncertainty in Solar Panel Performance for Life Cycle Modeling in Early Stage Design. This work is conducted in the context of an amorphous photovoltaic (PV) panel, using data gathered from the National Solar Radiation Database, as well as realistic data collected from an experimental hardware setup

Yang, Maria

28

The early stages of solid-state reactions in Ti/Al multilayer films  

SciTech Connect

The authors have investigated the solid-state reaction of Ti/Al multilayer films by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), with focus on the early stages of the reaction provided by samples with pair thicknesses in the range 5--40 nm. This reaction, which results in formation of TiAl{sub 3} with metastable L1{sub 2} structure, can be modeled by a nucleation and growth process on the basis of the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami theory, with a reaction-order parameter n {approx} 1. These observations indicate the significance of nucleation barriers even at early stages of solid-state reactions, and suggests that the phenomena of phase selection and formation of metastable phases can result from the presence of nucleation barriers.

Michaelsen, C.; Woehlert, S.; Bormann, R. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. for Materials Research; Barmak, K. [Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Turning visual shapes into sounds: Early stages of reading acquisition revealed in the ventral occipitotemporal cortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The exact role of the left ventral occipitotemporal cortex (VOTC) during the initial stages of reading acquisition is a hotly debated issue, especially regarding the comparative effect of learning on early stimulus-dependent vs. later task-dependent processes. We show that this controversy can be solved with high-temporal resolution intracerebral EEG recordings of the VOTC. We measured High-Frequency Activity (50–150 Hz) as a proxy of population-level spiking activity while participants learned Japanese Katakana symbols, and found that learning primarily affects top-down/task-dependent neural processing, after a few minutes only. In contrast, adaptation of early bottom-up/stimulus-dependent processing takes several days to adapt and provides the basis for fluent reading. Such evidence that two consecutive stages of neural processing, stimulus- and task-dependent are differentially affected by learning, can reconcile seemingly opposite hypotheses on the role of the VOTC during reading acquisition.

M. Perrone-Bertolotti; J.R. Vidal; L. de Palma; C.M. Hamamé; T. Ossandon; P. Kahane; L. Minotti; O. Bertrand; J.-P. Lachaux

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. [Final Report  

SciTech Connect

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. Final report  

SciTech Connect

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

A Practical Approach to Modeling Managerial Risk Aversion in Real Option Valuation for Early Stage Investments ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we build on a previous real options approach that utilizes managerial cash-flow estimates to value early stage project investments, but accounting for managerial risk aversion. We introduce a market sector indicator, which is assumed to be correlated to a tradeable market index, which, through a mapping function, drives and replicates the cash-flow estimates. The mapping allows us to link the cash-flow estimates to many theoretical real options frameworks which currently can not be applied in practice. Through indifference pricing we are able to model the effect of managerial risk aversion for any given set of cash-flow estimates.

Sebastian Jaimungal; Yuri Lawryshyn

33

Impact of the CE mark approval on exit opportunities and validation for early stage medical device companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this thesis was to look at the impact of acquiring the CE marking approval on the outcome of early stage medical device companies, specifically its impact on strategic acquisition opportunities and on valuation. ...

Kothari, Ashish (Ashish Shrikant)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

To what extent is social media exposure correlated with financial performance for early stage digital consumer-facing startups?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is very hard to identify and evaluate very early stage investment opportunities in disruptive digital consumer-facing startups as they usually don't have any meaningful revenue data yet. However, these growing startups ...

Genre, Solene

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The influence of a surfactant upon the foliar penetration of DEF (S, S, S-tributylphosphorotrithioate) in cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that Buffer-X did not increase the rate of penetration of DEF into the epidermal cells of young leaves to a 19 great extent. In the older leaves it appeared that DEF without Buffer-X penetrated the palisade cells to a greater extent than did DEF plus... Buffer-X. The leaf age could not be correlated with the rate of penetration of the DEF or the DEF plus Buffer-X into the epidermal cells, but in most cases the DEF penetrated more rapidly than the DEF plus Buffer-X. In 1966 the field tests showed...

Baker, Richard Darrell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Early stages of spinodal decomposition for the Cahn-Hilliard-Cook model of phase separation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A computer simulation using discretized space and time is employed to examine the early stages of phase separation as described by the Cahn-Hilliard-Cook equation (CHCE). The relative simplicity of this simulation provides a direct test of various mathematical treatments of the nonlinear term in the CHCE. In particular, the numerical results are used to ascertain the validity of the approximations inherent in the perturbative expansions of Grant, San Miguel, Vinals, and Gunton, and of Langer, Bar-on, and Miller. The time of validity of all approximations is shown to be logarithmically related to the strength of the thermal fluctuations. In addition, the effect of the initial state on the dynamical evolution of the order parameter is examined.

K. R. Elder; T. M. Rogers; Rashmi C. Desai

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Reduced Treatment Intensity in Patients with Early-Stage Hodgkin's Lymphoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemotherapy cycles and the radiation therapy dose. Comparison of Groups 1 and 4. As shown in Figure 2, no significant difference in the rate of freedom from treatment failure was seen between groups 1 and 4 according to the stratified log-rank test (P=0.79). The 5-year estimate for the group difference... Investigators examined whether the intensity of treatment can be reduced in patients with early-stage Hodgkin's lymphoma without compromising antitumor efficacy. In a comparison of two with four cycles of ABVD chemotherapy plus either 20 or 30 Gy of involved-field radiation therapy, no significant differences were noted in disease-free or overall survival between the most and the least intensive regimens.

Engert A.; Plütschow A.; Eich H.T.

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

38

STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOR OF PLAIN AND REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS AFFECTED BY COMBINED AAR AND DEF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INSA-UPS, Toulouse, France Abstract Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation Aggregate Reaction (AAR) and Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) are known to decrease the mechanical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

Assessment and strengthening of ASR and DEF affected concrete bridge columns.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Alkali silica reaction (ASR) and delayed ettringite formation (DEF) are two causes of concrete deterioration. Both mechanisms cause expansion of concrete and thus extensive cracking.… (more)

Talley, Kimberly Grau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

EARLY-STAGE MASSIVE STAR FORMATION NEAR THE GALACTIC CENTER: Sgr C  

SciTech Connect

We present near-infrared spectroscopy and 1 mm line and continuum observations of a recently identified site of high mass star formation likely to be located in the Central Molecular Zone (CMZ) near Sgr C. Located on the outskirts of the massive evolved H II region associated with Sgr C, the area is characterized by an Extended Green Object (EGO) measuring ?10'' in size (0.4 pc), whose observational characteristics suggest the presence of an embedded massive protostar driving an outflow. Our data confirm that early-stage star formation is taking place on the periphery of the Sgr C H II region, with detections of two protostellar cores and several knots of H{sub 2} and Brackett ? emission alongside a previously detected compact radio source. We calculate the cores' joint mass to be ?10{sup 3} M {sub ?}, with column densities of 1-2 × 10{sup 24} cm{sup –2}. We show the host molecular cloud to hold ?10{sup 5} M {sub ?} of gas and dust with temperatures and column densities favorable for massive star formation to occur, however, there is no evidence of star formation outside of the EGO, indicating that the cloud is predominantly quiescent. Given its mass, density, and temperature, the cloud is comparable to other remarkable non-star-forming clouds such as G0.253 in the eastern CMZ.

Kendrew, S.; Johnston, K.; Beuther, H. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Ginsburg, A.; Bally, J.; Battersby, C. [CASA, University of Colorado at Boulder, UCB 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)] [CASA, University of Colorado at Boulder, UCB 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Cyganowski, C. J., E-mail: kendrew@mpia.de [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A toolbox for managing organisational issues in the early stage of the development of a ubiquitous computing application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a toolbox for the prospective management of organisational issues in ubiquitous computing. Ubiquitous computing applications are developed to enable new services and new ways of working, to increase management control and to ... Keywords: Benefits and risks, Early stage, Organisational issues, Socio-technical design, Ubiquitous computing

Daniel Boos; Gudela Grote; Hannes Guenter

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Individual-based modeling of environmental quality effects on early life stages of fish: A case study using striped bass  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate an individual-based approach to population modeling to evaluate environmental quality effects on early life stages of fishes. We believe that, regardless of the modeling approach, environmental quality effects ultimately must be evaluated at the population level. Determining population-level consequences of changes in environmental quality is critical because the population is the relevant endpoint of interest with respect to success of the species and its availability for harvest. It offers a common metric upon which to compare among different environmental factors, effects, and life stages.

Rose, K.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Cowan, J.H. Jr. (University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL (United States). Dept. of Marine Sciences); Houde, E.D. (Maryland Univ., Solomons, MD (United States). Chesapeake Biological Lab.); Coutant, C.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Individual-based modeling of environmental quality effects on early life stages of fish: A case study using striped bass  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate an individual-based approach to population modeling to evaluate environmental quality effects on early life stages of fishes. We believe that, regardless of the modeling approach, environmental quality effects ultimately must be evaluated at the population level. Determining population-level consequences of changes in environmental quality is critical because the population is the relevant endpoint of interest with respect to success of the species and its availability for harvest. It offers a common metric upon which to compare among different environmental factors, effects, and life stages.

Rose, K.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Cowan, J.H. Jr. [University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL (United States). Dept. of Marine Sciences; Houde, E.D. [Maryland Univ., Solomons, MD (United States). Chesapeake Biological Lab.; Coutant, C.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Estimates of the duration of the early and late stage of gambiense sleeping sickness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vs ?1 per 1000 person-months, Kruskal-Wallis test). P t e r t( ) ( )= ? 1 (3) Fitted interval-censored stage 1 survival modelsigure 3 Fitted interval-censored stage 1 survival models. For comparison purposes, the figure also superimposes a Kaplan...

Checchi, Francesco; Filipe, Joao A N; Haydon, Daniel T; Chandramohan, Daniel; Chappuis, Francois

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Biocide Triclosan Selects Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Mutants That Overproduce the SmeDEF Multidrug Efflux Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MECHANISMS OF RESISTANCE The Biocide Triclosan Selects Stenotrophomonas maltophilia...Madrid, Spain The possibility that triclosan selects Stenotrophomonas maltophilia...pump SmeDEF is analyzed. Five out of 12 triclosan-selected mutants were less susceptible...

Patricia Sanchez; Eduardo Moreno; Jose L. Martinez

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (3 of 4) Addthis Description Footage of the BP Oil Spill Duration 0:19...

47

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4850' - June 3 2010 (2 of 4) Addthis Description Footage of the BP Oil Spill Duration 0:13...

48

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

40' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Leak at 4840' - June 3 2010 (1 of 4) Addthis Description Footage of the BP Oil Spill Duration 0:15...

49

BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850'...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top Hat Procedure at 4850' - June 3 2010 (4 of 4) BP Oil Spill Footage (High Def) - Top Hat Procedure at 4850' - June 3 2010 (4 of 4) Addthis Description Footage of the BP Oil...

50

The MIT Design Advisor : simple and rapid energy simulation of early-stage building designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation tools, when applied early in the design process, can considerably reduce the energy demand of newly constructed buildings. For a simulation tool to assist with design, it must be easy to use, provide feedback ...

Urban, Bryan J. (Bryan James)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Investigations of early stage precipitation in a tungsten-rich nickel-base superalloy using SAXS and SANS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Characterization of the early stage precipitation is an important issue as it controls the emerging microstructure developed on Ni-based superalloys which are used as single crystal blades in gas turbines. The difficulty is that the gamma prime precipitation occurs at high temperatures and the reaction kinetic is very fast. Therefore, experimental methods with high time resolution are needed to monitor ?? precipitation. By using the high flux synchrotron instrument HARWI-II set up of the Helmholtz–Zentrum Geesthacht with a fast data collection detector, it was possible to observe the creation of fine precipitates and their early growth in a tungsten-rich Ni-base superalloy. The cooling down of the superalloy from the single-phase region to lower temperatures already leads to the formation of precipitates in the size range of a few nm. The formation and growth of the precipitates at this early stage is described in detail. In addition, SANS measurements were performed at the new SANS-1 instrument at Maier–Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) in Garching to extend the results to larger precipitate sizes. DSC experiments were used to determine the critical temperatures of the formation of these fine precipitates, as well as the temperature at which they dissolve during heating (?? solvus temperature).

R. Gilles; D. Mukherji; H. Eckerlebe; L. Karge; P. Staron; P. Strunz; Th. Lippmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Temperature Influences Selective Mortality during the Early Life Stages of a Coral Reef Fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. Rankin, Su Sponaugle* Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS)/University of Miami, Miami, Florida, United States of America Abstract For organisms with complex life cycles, processes occurring at the interface between life stages can disproportionately

Sponaugle, Su

53

Envelope-related energy demand: A design indicator of energy performance for residential buildings in early design stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The architectural design variables which most influence the energy performance of a building are the envelope materials, shape and window areas. As these start to be defined in the early design stages, designers require simple tools to obtain information about the energy performance of the building for the design variations being considered at this phase. The shape factor is one of those tools, but it fails to correlate with energy demand in the presence of important solar gains. This paper presents a new design indicator of energy performance for residential buildings, the Envelope-Related Energy Demand (ERED), which aims to overcome the shortcomings of the shape factor while maintaining a reasonable simplicity of use. The inputs to ERED are areas of envelope elements (floor, walls, roofs and windows), U-values of envelope materials, solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC) of windows and site related parameters, concerning temperature and solar irradiation. ERED was validated against detailed simulation results of 8000 hypothetical residential buildings, varying in envelope shape, window areas and materials. Results show that there is a strong correlation between ERED and simulated energy demand. These results confirm the adequacy of ERED to assist design decisions in early stages of the design process.

Vasco Granadeiro; Joăo R. Correia; Vítor M.S. Leal; José P. Duarte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Towards greener horizontal-axis wind turbines: analysis of carbon emissions, energy and costs at the early design stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the development of a quantitative analysis system as a platform for rapidly estimate energy, costs and carbon emission to facilitate the comparison of different wind turbine concept designs. This system aimed specifically at wind turbine manufacturing processes due to the fact that a large proportion of the environmental, costs and energy impacts would occur at this stage. The proposed method supports an initial assessment of multiple design concepts which allows the selection and development of a “greener” wind turbine. The developed system enables concept design of commercial wind turbine towers of hub heights between 44 and 135 m. The method supports an accurate estimation in regards to the dimension, energy consumed, maximum power output, costs and carbon emission in the early design phases of a wind turbine. As a result of the development, the proposed approach could potentially be used to minimise the carbon footprints of major engineering projects such as wind farms.

Raymond Aso; Wai Ming Cheung

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Elective Inguinal Node Irradiation in Early-Stage T2N0 Anal Cancer: Prognostic Impact on Locoregional Control  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of elective inguinal node radiation therapy (INRT) on locoregional control (LRC) in patients with early-stage T2N0 anal cancer treated conservatively with primary RT. Methods and Materials: Between 1976 and 2008, 116 patients with T2 node-negative anal cancer were treated curatively with RT alone (n=48) or by combined chemoradiation therapy (CRT) (n=68) incorporating mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil. Sixty-four percent of the patients (n=74) received elective INRT. Results: Over a median follow-up of 69 months (range, 4-243 months), 97 (84%) and 95 patients (82%) were locally and locoregionally controlled, respectively. Rates for 5-year actuarial local control, LRC, cancer-specific, and overall survival for the entire population were 81.7% ± 3.8%, 79.2% ± 4.1%, 91.1% ± 3.0%, and 72.1% ± 4.5%, respectively. The overall 5-year inguinal relapse-free survival was 92.3% ± 2.9%. Isolated inguinal recurrence occurred in 2 patients (4.7%) treated without INRT, whereas no groin relapse was observed in those treated with INRT. The 5-year LRC rates for patients treated with and without INRT and with RT alone versus combined CRT were 80.1% ± 5.0% versus 77.8% ± 7.0% (P=.967) and 71.0% ± 7.2% versus 85.4% ± 4.5% (P=.147), respectively. A trend toward a higher rate of grade ?3 acute toxicity was observed in patients treated with INRT (53% vs 31%, P=.076). Conclusions: In cases of node-negative T2 anal cancer, the inguinal relapse rate remains relatively low with or without INRT. The role of INRT in the treatment of early-stage anal carcinoma needs to be investigated in future prospective trials.

Zilli, Thomas, E-mail: Thomas.Zilli@hcuge.ch [Department of Radiation Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Betz, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Radiation Oncology Institute, Hirslanden Lausanne, Lausanne (Switzerland); Bieri, Sabine [Department of Radiation Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Ris, Frederic; Roche, Bruno [Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Roth, Arnaud D. [Oncosurgery Unit, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Allal, Abdelkarim S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Department of Radiation Oncology,Hôpital Fribourgeois, Fribourg (Switzerland)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both internal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both to produce potentially expansive ettringite in the set concrete. AAR may affect concretes cast with aggregate combined delayed ettringite formation and alkali aggregate reaction R.-P. Martin, J.-C. Renaud & F

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

57

The mucosal/epithelial barrier disruption and transport of pancreatic digestive enzymes in early stages of intestinal ischemia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Allows Entry of Digestive Enzymes during Early Periods ofas Barrier to Digestive Enzymes in the Ischemic Rat SmallAllows Entry of Digestive Enzymes during Early Periods of

Chang, Marisol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Properties of Molecular Gas in Galaxies in Early and Mid Stage of Interaction: II. Molecular Gas Fraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated properties of interstellar medium in interacting galaxies in early and mid stages using mapping data of 12CO(J =1-0) and HI. Total gas mass (a sum of atomic and molecular gas mass) in interacting galaxies slightly reduced with large dispersion in the comparison with field galaxies. We found that molecular gas mass is enhanced in interacting galaxies assuming the standard CO-H2 conversion factor, while atomic gas mass is reduced. These results are reinforced by the fact that interacting galaxies have higher molecular gas fraction (fmol), a ratio of the surface density of molecular gas to that of total gas, (0.71 +- 0.15) than isolated galaxies (0.52 +- 0.18) and this indicates that an efficient transition from atomic gas to molecular gas is induced by the interaction. Isolated spiral galaxies show monotonically and gradually increase of fmol along the surface density of total gas. Contrary to isolated galaxies, interacting galaxies show high fmol (>0.8) even at low surface density of total...

Kaneko, Hiroyuki; Iono, Daisuke; Tamura, Yoichi; Tosaki, Tomoka; Nakanishi, Koichiro; Sawada, Tsuyoshi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 31, NO. 1, JANUARY 2012 109 A Realistic Early-Stage Power Grid Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, JANUARY 2012 109 A Realistic Early-Stage Power Grid Verification Algorithm Based on Hierarchical, and Ngai Wong, Member, IEEE Abstract--Power grid verification has become an indispensable step to guarantee a functional and robust chip design. Vectorless power grid verification methods, by solving linear programming

Kahng, Andrew B.

60

Killing the Golden Goose or Just Chasing it Around the Farmyard?: Generic Entry and the Incentives for Early-Stage Pharmaceutical Innovation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Innovation ABSTRACT Over the last decade, generic penetration in the U.S. pharmaceutical market has increased substantially, providing significant consumer surplus gains. What impact has this rise in generic penetration had on the rate and direction of early stage pharmaceutical innovation? We explore this question using

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

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61

Early-Stage Breast Cancer Treated With 3-Week Accelerated Whole-Breast Radiation Therapy and Concomitant Boost  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To report early outcomes of accelerated whole-breast radiation therapy with concomitant boost. Methods and Materials: This is a prospective, institutional review board-approved study. Eligibility included stage TisN0, T1N0, and T2N0 breast cancer. Patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy were ineligible. The whole breast received 40.5 Gy in 2.7-Gy fractions with a concomitant lumpectomy boost of 4.5 Gy in 0.3-Gy fractions. Total dose to the lumpectomy site was 45 Gy in 15 fractions over 19 days. Results: Between October 2004 and December 2010, 160 patients were treated; stage distribution was as follows: TisN0, n=63; T1N0, n=88; and T2N0, n=9. With a median follow-up of 3.5 years (range, 1.5-7.8 years) the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 90% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.84-0.94) and 97% (95% CI 0.93-0.99), respectively. Five-year local relapse-free survival was 99% (95% CI 0.96-0.99). Acute National Cancer Institute/Common Toxicity Criteria grade 1 and 2 skin toxicity was observed in 70% and 5%, respectively. Among the patients with ?2-year follow-up no toxicity higher than grade 2 on the Late Effects in Normal Tissues–Subjective, Objective, Management, and Analytic scale was observed. Review of the radiation therapy dose–volume histogram noted that ?95% of the prescribed dose encompassed the lumpectomy target volume in >95% of plans. The median dose received by the heart D{sub 05} was 215 cGy, and median lung V{sub 20} was 7.6%. Conclusions: The prescribed accelerated schedule of whole-breast radiation therapy with concomitant boost can be administered, achieving acceptable dose distribution. With follow-up to date, the results are encouraging and suggest minimal side effects and excellent local control.

Chadha, Manjeet, E-mail: MChadha@chpnet.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Woode, Rudolph; Sillanpaa, Jussi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Lucido, David [Department of Biostatistics, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Boolbol, Susan K.; Kirstein, Laurie; Osborne, Michael P.; Feldman, Sheldon [Division of Breast Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Division of Breast Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Harrison, Louis B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

EVALUATING THE EFFECTS OF FLY ASH EXPOSURE ON FISH EARLY LIFE STAGES: FATHEAD MINNOW EMBRYO-LARVAL TESTS  

SciTech Connect

On December 22, 2008, a dike containing fly ash and bottom ash in an 84-acre complex of the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) Kingston Steam Plant in East Tennessee failed and released a large quantity of ash into the adjacent Emory River. Ash deposits extended as far as 4 miles upstream (Emory River mile 6) of the Plant, and some ash was carried as far downstream as Tennessee River mile 564 ({approx}4 miles downstream of the Tennessee River confluence with the Clinch River). A byproduct of coal burning power plants, fly ash contains a variety of metals and other elements which, at sufficient concentrations and in specific forms, can be toxic to biological systems. The effects of fly ash contamination on exposed fish populations depend on the magnitude and duration of exposure, with the most significant risk considered to be the effects of specific ash constituents, especially selenium, on fish early life stages. Uptake by adult female fish of fly ash constituents through the food chain and subsequent maternal transfer of contaminants to the developing eggs is thought to be the primary route of selenium exposure to larval fish (Woock and others 1987, Coyle and others 1993, Lemly 1999, Moscatello and others 2006), but direct contact of the fertilized eggs and developing embryos to ash constituents in river water and sediments is also a potential risk factor (Woock and others 1987, Coyle and others 1993, Jezierska and others 2009). To address the risk of fly ash from the Kingston spill to the reproductive health of downstream fish populations, ORNL has undertaken a series of studies in collaboration with TVA including: (1) a field study of the bioaccumulation of fly ash constituents in fish ovaries and the reproductive condition of sentinel fish species in reaches of the Emory and Clinch Rivers affected by the fly ash spill; (2) laboratory tests of the potential toxicity of fly ash from the spill area on fish embryonic and larval development (reported in the current technical manuscript); (3) additional laboratory experimentation focused on the potential effects of long-term exposures to fly ash on fish survival and reproductive competence; and (4) a combined field and laboratory study examining the in vitro developmental success of embryos and larvae obtained from fish exposed in vivo for over two years to fly ash in the Emory and Clinch Rivers. These fish reproduction and early life-stage studies are being conducted in conjunction with a broader biological monitoring program administered by TVA that includes a field study of the condition of larval fish in the Emory and Clinch Rivers along with assessments of water quality, sediment composition, ecotoxicological studies, terrestrial wildlife studies, and human and ecological risk assessment. Information and data generated from these studies will provide direct input into risk assessment efforts and will also complement and help support other phases of the overall biomonitoring program. Fish eggs, in general, are known to be capable of concentrating heavy metals and other environmental contaminants from water-borne exposures during embryonic development (Jezierska and others 2009), and fathead minnow embryos in particular have been shown to concentrate methylmercury (Devlin 2006) as well as other chemical toxicants. This technical report focuses on the responses of fathead minnow embryos to simple contact exposures to fly ash in laboratory toxicity tests adapted from a standard fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) 7-d embryo-larval survival and teratogenicity test (method 1001.0 in EPA 2002) with mortality, hatching success, and the incidences of developmental abnormalities as measured endpoints.

Greeley Jr, Mark Stephen [ORNL; Elmore, Logan R [ORNL; McCracken, Kitty [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Stress Development and Relaxation in Al2O3 during Early StageOxidation of beta-NiAl  

SciTech Connect

Using a glancing synchrotron X-ray beam (Advanced Photon Source, Beamline 12BM, Argonne National Laboratory), Debye-Scherrer diffraction patterns from thermally grown oxides on NiAl samples were recorded during oxidation at 1000 or 1100 C in air. The diffraction patterns were analyzed to determine strain and phase changes in the oxide scale as it developed and evolved. Strain was obtained from measurements of the elliptical distortion of the Debye-Scherrer rings, where data from several rings of a single phase were used. Results were obtained from {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as well as from the transition alumina, in this case {theta}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, which formed during the early stage. Compressive stress was found in the first-formed transition alumina, but the initial stress in {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was tensile, with a magnitude high enough to cause Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} fracture. New {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} patches nucleated at the scale/alloy interface and spread laterally and upward. This transformation not only puts the alpha alumina in tension, but can also cause the transition alumina to be in tension. After a complete {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer formed at the interface, the strain level in {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} became compressive, reaching a steady state level around -75 MPa at 1100 C. To study a specimen's response to stress perturbation, samples with different thickness, after several hours of oxidation at 1100 C, were quickly cooled to 950 C to impose a compressive thermal stress in the scale. The rate of stress relaxation was the same for 1 and 3.5 mm thick samples, having a strain rate of {approx} 1 x 10{sup -8}/s. This behavior indicates that oxide creep is the major stress relaxation mechanism.

Hou, P.Y.; Paulikas, A.P.; Veal, B.W.

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

64

Structural and functional studies of a phosphatidic acid-binding antifungal plant defensin MtDef4: Identification of an RGFRRR motif governing fungal cell entry  

SciTech Connect

A highly conserved plant defensin MtDef4 potently inhibits the growth of a filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum. MtDef4 is internalized by cells of F. graminearum. To determine its mechanism of fungal cell entry and antifungal action, NMR solution structure of MtDef4 has been determined. The analysis of its structure has revealed a positively charged patch on the surface of the protein consisting of arginine residues in its ?-core signature, a major determinant of the antifungal activity of MtDef4. Here, we report functional analysis of the RGFRRR motif of the ?-core signature of MtDef4. The replacement of RGFRRR to AAAARR or to RGFRAA not only abolishes fungal cell entry but also results in loss of the antifungal activity of MtDef4. MtDef4 binds strongly to phosphatidic acid (PA), a precursor for the biosynthesis of membrane phospholipids and a signaling lipid known to recruit cytosolic proteins to membranes. Mutations of RGFRRR which abolish fungal cell entry of MtDef4 also impair its binding to PA. Our results suggest that RGFRRR motif is a translocation signal for entry of MtDef4 into fungal cells and that this positively charged motif likely mediates interaction of this defensin with PA as part of its antifungal action.

Sagaram, Uma S.; El-Mounadi, Kaoutar; Buchko, Garry W.; Berg, Howard R.; Kaur, Jagdeep; Pandurangi, Raghoottama; Smith, Thomas J.; Shah, Dilip

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

Locoregional Failure in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients Treated With Radical Mastectomy and Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Which Patients Benefit From Postmastectomy Irradiation?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the locoregional failure in patients with Stage I-II breast cancer treated with radical mastectomy and to evaluate whether a subset of these patients might be at sufficiently high risk of locoregional recurrence (LRR) to benefit from postmastectomy irradiation (PMRT). Methods and Materials: Stage I-II breast cancer patients (n = 150) treated with radical mastectomy without adjuvant irradiation between 1999 and 2005 were analyzed. The pattern of LRR was reported. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate rates of LRR, and Cox proportional hazards methods were used to evaluate potential risk factors. Results: Median follow-up was 75 months. Mean patient age was 56 years. One-hundred forty-three (95%) patients received adjuvant systemic therapy: 85 (57%) hormonal therapy alone, 14 (9%) chemotherapy alone, and 44 (29%) both chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Statistically significant factors associated with increased risk of LRR were premenopausal status (p = 0.004), estrogen receptor negative cancer (p = 0.02), pathologic grade 3 (p = 0.02), and lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.001). T and N stage were not associated with increased risk of regional recurrence. The 5-year LRR rate for patients with zero or one, two, three, and four risk factors was 1%, 10.3%, 24.2%, and 75%, respectively. Conclusions: A subset of patients with early-stage breast cancer is at high risk of LRR, and therefore PMRT might be beneficial.

Trovo, Marco, E-mail: marcotrovo33@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Durofil, Elena [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Polesel, Jerry [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Roncadin, Mario [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Perin, Tiziana [Department of Pathology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Mileto, Mario; Piccoli, Erica [Department of Surgery, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Quitadamo, Daniela [Scientific Direction, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Massarut, Samuele [Department of Surgery, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Carbone, Antonino [Department of Pathology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy); Trovo, Mauro G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico of Aviano, Aviano (Italy)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The Influence of Radiation Modality and Lymph Node Dissection on Survival in Early-Stage Endometrial Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Background: The appropriate uses of lymph node dissection (LND) and adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) for Stage I endometrial cancer are controversial. We explored the impact of specific RT modalities (whole pelvic RT [WPRT], vaginal brachytherapy [VB]) and LND status on survival. Materials and Methods: The Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results dataset was queried for all surgically treated International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage I endometrial cancers; subjects were stratified into low, intermediate and high risk cohorts using modifications of Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) protocol 99 and PORTEC (Postoperative Radiation Therapy in Endometrial Cancer) trial criteria. Five-year overall survival was estimated, and comparisons were performed via the log-rank test. Results: A total of 56,360 patients were identified: 70.4% low, 26.2% intermediate, and 3.4% high risk. A total of 41.6% underwent LND and 17.6% adjuvant RT. In low-risk disease, LND was associated with higher survival (93.7 LND vs. 92.7% no LND, p < 0.001), whereas RT was not (91.6% RT vs. 92.9% no RT, p = 0.23). In intermediate-risk disease, LND (82.1% LND vs. 76.5% no LND, p < 0.001) and RT (80.6% RT vs. 74.9% no RT, p < 0.001) were associated with higher survival without differences between RT modalities. In high-risk disease, LND (68.8% LND vs. 54.1% no LND, p < 0.001) and RT (66.9% RT vs. 57.2% no RT, p < 0.001) were associated with increased survival; if LND was not performed, VB alone was inferior to WPRT (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Both WPRT and VB alone are associated with increased survival in the intermediate-risk group. In the high-risk group, in the absence of LND, only WPRT is associated with increased survival. LND was also associated with increased survival.

Chino, Junzo P., E-mail: junzo.chino@duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Jones, Ellen [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Caroline, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Berchuck, Andrew; Secord, Angeles Alvarez; Havrilesky, Laura J. [Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Xerostomia and quality of life after intensity-modulated radiotherapy vs. conventional radiotherapy for early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Initial report on a randomized controlled clinical trial  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare directly the effect of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs. conventional radiotherapy (CRT) on salivary flow and quality of life (QoL) in patients with early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods and Materials: Fifty-one patients with T2, N0/N1, M0 NPC took part in a randomized controlled clinical study and received IMRT or CRT. Stimulated whole (SWS) and parotid (SPS) saliva flow were measured and Medical Outcomes Short Form 36 (SF-36), European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) core quetionnaire, and EORTC head-and-neck module (QLQ-H and N35) were completed at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months after radiotherapy. Results: Forty-six patients (88%) were in disease remission 12 months after radiotherapy. At 12 months postradiotherapy, 12 (50.0%) and 20 patients (83.3%) in the IMRT group had recovered at least 25% of preradiotherapy SWS and SPS flow respectively, compared with 1 (4.8%) and 2 patients (9.5%), respectively, in the CRT group. Global health scores showed continuous improvement in QoL after both treatments (p < 0.001). However, after 12 months subscale scores for role-physical, bodily pain, and physical function were significantly higher in the IMRT group, indicating a better condition (p < 0.05). Dry mouth and sticky saliva were problems in both groups 2 months after treatment. In the IMRT group, there was consistent improvement over time with xerostomia-related symptoms significantly less common than in the CRT group at 12 months postradiotherapy. Conclusions: IMRT was significantly better than CRT in terms of parotid sparing and improved QoL for early-stage disease. The findings support the case for assessment of health-related QoL in relation to head-and-neck cancer using a site-specific approach.

Pow, Edmond [Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Kwong, Dora [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); McMillan, Anne S. [Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)]. E-mail: annemcmillan@hku.hk; Wong, May [Periodontology and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Sham, Jonathan [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); Leung, Lucullus [Department of Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong (China); Leung, W. Keung [Periodontology and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

High-Dose and Extended-Field Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Early-Stage NK/T-Cell Lymphoma of Waldeyer's Ring: Dosimetric Analysis and Clinical Outcome  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the dosimetric benefit, treatment outcome, and toxicity of high-dose and extended-field intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in patients with early-stage NK/T-cell lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring (WR-NKTCL). Methods and Materials: Thirty patients with early-stage WR-NKTCL who received extended-field IMRT were retrospectively reviewed. The prescribed dose was 50 Gy to the primary involved regions and positive cervical lymph nodes (planning target volume requiring radical irradiation [PTV{sub 50}]) and 40 Gy to the negative cervical nodes (PTV{sub 40}). Dosimetric parameters for the target volume and critical normal structures were evaluated. Locoregional control (LRC), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The median mean doses to the PTV{sub 50} and PTV{sub 40} were 53.2 Gy and 43.0 Gy, respectively. Only 1.4% of the PTV{sub 50} and 0.9% of the PTV{sub 40} received less than 95% of the prescribed dose, indicating excellent target coverage. The average mean doses to the left and right parotid glands were 27.7 and 28.4 Gy, respectively. The 2-year OS, PFS, and LRC rates were 71.2%, 57.4%, and 87.8%. Most acute toxicities were grade 1 to 2, except for grade ?3 dysphagia and mucositis. The most common late toxicity was grade 1-2 xerostomia, and no patient developed any ?grade 3 late toxicities. A correlation between the mean dose to the parotid glands and the degree of late xerostomia was observed. Conclusions: IMRT achieves excellent target coverage and dose conformity, as well as favorable survival and locoregional control rates with acceptable toxicities in patients with WR-NKTCL.

Bi, Xi-Wen; Li, Ye-Xiong, E-mail: yexiong@yahoo.com; Fang, Hui; Jin, Jing; Wang, Wei-Hu; Wang, Shu-Lian; Liu, Yue-Ping; Song, Yong-Wen; Ren, Hua; Dai, Jian-Rong

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Data:512def5b-7659-40ec-8223-7934e4e090ce | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

def5b-7659-40ec-8223-7934e4e090ce def5b-7659-40ec-8223-7934e4e090ce No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Monthly Unmetered Investment Facility(LANTERN 100W HPS-Option A) Sector: Lighting Description: Customer-0% Cooperative-100% Source or reference: http://www.prairielandelectric.com/Rates_PDF/MKEC%20Rates.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

70

Data:1ecc0317-bcde-470b-9e76-d627faa28def | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ecc0317-bcde-470b-9e76-d627faa28def ecc0317-bcde-470b-9e76-d627faa28def No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Coop Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule MSL (Metered Security Lighting)(Directional fixtures 400 Watt) Sector: Lighting Description: Available to all cooperative members. 400 Watt HPS. Source or reference: Rate Binder #7 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

71

Multi-Institutional Trial of Accelerated Hypofractionated Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Early-Stage Oropharyngeal Cancer (RTOG 00-22)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the results of a multi-institutional study of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for early oropharyngeal cancer. Patients and Methods: Patients with oropharyngeal carcinoma Stage T1-2, N0-1, M0 requiring treatment of the bilateral neck were eligible. Chemotherapy was not permitted. Prescribed planning target volumes (PTVs) doses to primary tumor and involved nodes was 66 Gy at 2.2 Gy/fraction over 6 weeks. Subclinical PTVs received simultaneously 54-60 Gy at 1.8-2.0 Gy/fraction. Participating institutions were preapproved for IMRT, and quality assurance review was performed by the Image-Guided Therapy Center. Results: 69 patients were accrued from 14 institutions. At median follow-up for surviving patients (2.8 years), the 2-year estimated local-regional failure (LRF) rate was 9%. 2/4 patients (50%) with major underdose deviations had LRF compared with 3/49 (6%) without such deviations (p = 0.04). All cases of LRF, metastasis, or second primary cancer occurred among patients who were current/former smokers, and none among patients who never smoked. Maximal late toxicities Grade >=2 were skin 12%, mucosa 24%, salivary 67%, esophagus 19%, osteoradionecrosis 6%. Longer follow-up revealed reduced late toxicity in all categories. Xerostomia Grade >=2 was observed in 55% of patients at 6 months but reduced to 25% and 16% at 12 and 24 months, respectively. In contrast, salivary output did not recover over time. Conclusions: Moderately accelerated hypofractionatd IMRT without chemotherapy for early oropharyngeal cancer is feasible, achieving high tumor control rates and reduced salivary toxicity compared with similar patients in previous Radiation Therapy Oncology Group studies. Major target underdose deviations were associated with higher LRF rate.

Eisbruch, Avraham, E-mail: eisbruch@umich.ed [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Harris, Jonathan [Department of Statistics, American College of Radiology (United States); Garden, Adam S.; Chao, Clifford K.S. [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Straube, William [Image-Guided Therapy Center at Washington University, St. Louis, MO (United States); Harari, Paul M. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Sanguineti, Giuseppe [University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX (United States); Jones, Christopher U. [Radiation Oncology Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Bosch, Walter R. [Image-Guided Therapy Center at Washington University, St. Louis, MO (United States); Ang, K. Kian [M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Mesothelin Overexpression Is a Marker of Tumor Aggressiveness and Is Associated with Reduced Recurrence-Free and Overall Survival in Early-Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Surgery and Center for Cell Engineering, Memorial Sloan-Kettering...Surgery; 2 Center for Cell Engineering; Departments of 3 Pathology...lung ADC: male sex, smoking history, increasing stage, morphologic...after adjustment for smoking history, stage, histologic subtype...

Stefan S. Kachala; Adam J. Bograd; Jonathan Villena-Vargas; Kei Suzuki; Elliot L. Servais; Kyuichi Kadota; Joanne Chou; Camelia S. Sima; Eva Vertes; Valerie W. Rusch; William D. Travis; Michel Sadelain; and Prasad S. Adusumilli

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Dose-Volume Histogram Predictors of Chronic Gastrointestinal Complications After Radical Hysterectomy and Postoperative Concurrent Nedaplatin-Based Chemoradiation Therapy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate dose-volume histogram (DVH) predictors for the development of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications in cervical cancer patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and postoperative concurrent nedaplatin-based chemoradiation therapy. Methods and Materials: This study analyzed 97 patients who underwent postoperative concurrent chemoradiation therapy. The organs at risk that were contoured were the small bowel loops, large bowel loop, and peritoneal cavity. DVH parameters subjected to analysis included the volumes of these organs receiving more than 15, 30, 40, and 45 Gy (V15-V45) and their mean dose. Associations between DVH parameters or clinical factors and the incidence of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications were evaluated. Results: Of the clinical factors, smoking and low body mass index (BMI) (<22) were significantly associated with grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications. Also, patients with chronic GI complications had significantly greater V15-V45 volumes and higher mean dose of the small bowel loops compared with those without GI complications. In contrast, no parameters for the large bowel loop or peritoneal cavity were significantly associated with GI complications. Results of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis led to the conclusion that V15-V45 of the small bowel loops has high accuracy for prediction of GI complications. Among these parameters, V40 gave the highest area under the ROC curve. Finally, multivariate analysis was performed with V40 of the small bowel loops and 2 other clinical parameters that were judged to be potential risk factors for chronic GI complications: BMI and smoking. Of these 3 parameters, V40 of the small bowel loops and smoking emerged as independent predictors of chronic GI complications. Conclusions: DVH parameters of the small bowel loops may serve as predictors of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications after postoperative concurrent nedaplatin-based chemoradiation therapy for early-stage cervical cancer.

Isohashi, Fumiaki, E-mail: isohashi@radonc.med.osaka-u.ac.jp [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Yoshioka, Yasuo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Mabuchi, Seiji [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Konishi, Koji [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Koizumi, Masahiko; Takahashi, Yutaka; Ogata, Toshiyuki [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Division of Medical Physics, Oncology Center, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Maruoka, Shintaroh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Kimura, Tadashi [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Ogawa, Kazuhiko [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Data:F5bdf5d4-bbee-40df-9916-def21ce34014 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bdf5d4-bbee-40df-9916-def21ce34014 bdf5d4-bbee-40df-9916-def21ce34014 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bangor, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service Primary Metering Discount & Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Application: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service, if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 200 kilowatts (kW) per month for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period. Customers billed on this rate shall continue to be billed on this rate until their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month for 12 consecutive months. The utility shall offer customers billed on this rate a one-time option to continue to be billed on this rate for another 12 months if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is less than 200 kW per month. However, this option shall be offered with the provision that the customer waives all rights to billing adjustments arising from a claim that the bill for service would be less on another rate schedule than under this rate schedule.

75

Data:8def1d62-ec06-434c-8242-1ff0649888fc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

def1d62-ec06-434c-8242-1ff0649888fc def1d62-ec06-434c-8242-1ff0649888fc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Orangeburg, South Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/05/16 End date if known: Rate name: 2SS15 - 15,000 Lumens (HPS) Closed Type Globe Sector: Lighting Description: The following is the rate schedule for lights installed for street lighting for the City of Orangeburg. Source or reference: http://www.orbgdpu.com/PDF%20files/Electric%20-%20Code%202L,2P,2U%20-%20Overhead%20Private%20Lights.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

76

Data:F156fb0f-f305-4023-bccc-648d55498def | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

56fb0f-f305-4023-bccc-648d55498def 56fb0f-f305-4023-bccc-648d55498def No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Sauk Centre, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial service(Three Phase) Sector: Commercial Description: Three Phase Energy adjustment base average = $0.054/kwh (E.A. base would vary each month based on projected power costs. Source or reference: http://www.saukcentre.govoffice2.com/vertical/sites/%7BD28FAE32-EDE3-421C-BD2D-FA8E76EA5F8C%7D/uploads/Operational_Policy_Rate_Schedule_2012_final.pdf Source Parent:

77

Is Ki-67 Expression Prognostic for Local Relapse in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients Treated With Breast Conservation Therapy (BCT)?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Ki-67 is a human nuclear protein whose expression is strongly up-regulated in proliferating cells and can be used to determine the growth fraction in clonal cell populations. Although there are some data to suggest that Ki-67 overexpression may be prognostic for endpoints such as survival or postmastectomy recurrence, further elucidation of its prognostic significance is warranted. Specifically after breast conservation therapy (BCT) (defined in this setting as breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant radiation therapy), whether Ki-67 predicts for locoregional recurrence has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess Ki-67 expression in a cohort of early-stage breast cancer patients to determine whether a significant independent association between Ki-67 and locoregional relapse exists. Methods and Materials: Ki-67 staining was conducted on a tissue microarray of 438 patients previously treated with BCT, and expression was analyzed with clinicopathologic features and outcomes from our database. Results: Ki-67 expression was more prevalent in black patients (37% of black patients vs 17% of white patients, P<.01), younger patients (27% of patients aged ?50 years vs 15% of patients aged >50 years, P<.01), estrogen receptor (ER)–negative tumors (25% of ER-negative tumors vs 17% of ER-positive tumors, P=.04), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu–positive tumors (35% of HER2-positive tumors vs 18% of HER2-negative tumors, P=.01), and larger tumors (26% of T2 tumors vs 16% of T1 tumors, P=.03). On univariate/multivariate analysis, Ki-67 did not predict for overall survival (74.4% vs 72.6%), cause-specific survival (82.9% vs 82.1%), local relapse-free survival (83.6% vs 88.5%), distant metastasis-free survival (76.1% vs 81.4%), recurrence-free survival (65.5% vs 74.6%), and locoregional recurrence-free survival (81.6% vs 84.7%): P>.05 for all. Conclusions: Ki-67 appears to be a surrogate marker for aggressive disease and significantly correlates with known prognostic features such as age, race, hormone receptor status, and HER2 status but independently does not predict for locoregional outcomes after BCT when these other prognostic clinicopathologic features are taken into consideration. The independent associations of Ki-67 with race and age appear to be novel to our study.

Hafeez, Farhaan [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Neboori, Hanmanth J. [Drexel Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Harigopal, Malini [Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Wu, Hao; Haffty, Bruce G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, New Jersey (United States); Yang, Qifeng [Department of Breast Surgery, Shandong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Schiff, Devora [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, New Jersey (United States); Moran, Meena S., E-mail: meena.moran@yale.edu [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

How do attitudes of habitual high-technology entrepreneurs to early-stage failure differ in Silicon Valley, Cambridge and Munich?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

entrepreneurs were planned and conducted in early 2010. Each interview consisted of an in-person meeting lasting about an hour, which was recorded and transcribed. Candidates were contacted directly or indirectly (by referral) from a network of personal contacts... entrepreneurs were planned and conducted in early 2010. Each interview consisted of an in-person meeting lasting about an hour, which was recorded and transcribed. Candidates were contacted directly or indirectly (by referral) from a network of personal contacts...

Cotterill, Keith

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

79

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. , NO. , 1 Early-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-stage Power Grid Analysis for Uncertain Working Modes Haifeng Qian, Sani R. Nassif, Senior Member, IEEE the 100-plus watt regime, and power delivery and power grid signal integrity have become critical, and the worst-case scenarios found correlate well with the results from an ILP solver. Index Terms-- Power grid

Sapatnekar, Sachin

80

Data:Eeff1def-7e95-4771-8e9e-ee90ccda06c3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eeff1def-7e95-4771-8e9e-ee90ccda06c3 Eeff1def-7e95-4771-8e9e-ee90ccda06c3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No2 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2010/04/07 End date if known: Rate name: Lighting Rate Schedule No. 8-Owned By District-Standard Roadway Pole - Steel - 38 Ft-400 Watt Sector: Lighting Description: Applicability: Applicable to any type of photocell operated fixtures, either individual or multiple, operated from dusk to dawn. Source or reference: http://www.ed2.com/Docs/Rates/Security%20and%20Street%20Lighting%20Schedule%20No.%208.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

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81

Data:Ca88a8de-f875-455f-8fb8-f8109987a727 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8a8de-f875-455f-8fb8-f8109987a727 8a8de-f875-455f-8fb8-f8109987a727 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lea County Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2009/08/30 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal and School Service Sector: Commercial Description: Available system wide to all municipalities, schools and churches that do not qualify for Rate 1 (Residential Service). Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

82

Data:F86870be-f729-4982-8def-e780987f9e25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

870be-f729-4982-8def-e780987f9e25 870be-f729-4982-8def-e780987f9e25 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: NSTAR Electric Company Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: ACTON General Service SB-T2 (C8/C9)(F8/F9)Standby Service kw>1000 Sector: Industrial Description: Service under this rate is available for all use at a single location on contiguous private property subject to the specific availability and billing provisions of the rate schedule under which this electric load would be served absent the supply provided by the Generation Units ("Applicable Rate

83

Data:720229fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

29fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 29fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

84

Data:E70681c8-0c30-4988-8d90-205d39def367 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-0c30-4988-8d90-205d39def367 -0c30-4988-8d90-205d39def367 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Mascoutah, Illinois (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Rate- Rate 1 Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

85

Data:0acc9abf-9e39-462e-a137-f8def6bbb5ab | Open Energy Information  

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abf-9e39-462e-a137-f8def6bbb5ab abf-9e39-462e-a137-f8def6bbb5ab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Natchitoches, Louisiana (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: INDUSTRIAL RATE Sector: Industrial Description: Additional Info: Demand Charges The monthly charge includes 300 KW of Demand Over 300 KW Demand $3.00 per KW The rate(s) are subjected to Power Cost Adjustment. Source or reference: http://www.natchitochesla.gov/content/utility-billing Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

86

Data:7229270f-c0fb-4678-81de-f1f316f2634d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

270f-c0fb-4678-81de-f1f316f2634d 270f-c0fb-4678-81de-f1f316f2634d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mt Carmel Public Utility Co Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Electric Space Heating Service Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available upon application for any commercial customer who is normally served under Company's Commercial Electric Service Schedule who has permanently installed and is using a heat pump or resistance heating as the primary source of space heating in that section of the customer's premises where it is used and the space so heated is adequately separated from spaces heated by other than electric heating.

87

Data:50d22049-6b70-42de-9def-d6345120be7b | Open Energy Information  

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049-6b70-42de-9def-d6345120be7b 049-6b70-42de-9def-d6345120be7b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Washington, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- Outside Corporate Limits- Three-Phase Sector: Residential Description: Service under this Schedule is available for separately metered and billed supply of electricity to single family residences, including residential farms where the farm uses are not taken through a separate meter, and common area residential lighting strictly used for residence owned decorative or security lighting for electric service delivered to premises located outside the corporate limits of the City of Washington.

88

Data:455ab9ca-fc56-46fe-b75f-13def0eb152c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fc56-46fe-b75f-13def0eb152c fc56-46fe-b75f-13def0eb152c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tri-County Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2008/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Pole Fiberglass 20 ft Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.tri-countyemc.com/skins/userfiles/file/Outdoor_lighting_1_2_3.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

89

Data:18a81359-706c-4dc8-bf30-f2def723afd8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-706c-4dc8-bf30-f2def723afd8 9-706c-4dc8-bf30-f2def723afd8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Edmond, Oklahoma (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: OSL-1 Outdoor Security Lighting (existing wood pole)-15 ft Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://edmondok.com/DocumentCenter/Home/View/442 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

90

Data:Def49043-461c-4c72-bdf7-4e68c6ff240a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Def49043-461c-4c72-bdf7-4e68c6ff240a Def49043-461c-4c72-bdf7-4e68c6ff240a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Perry, Oklahoma (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting- 400W Metal Halide Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.cityofperryok.com/Files/Codes/City_Code_101211.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

91

Data:5b7def03-60ba-4de7-9bd0-dca403eaa7f5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

def03-60ba-4de7-9bd0-dca403eaa7f5 def03-60ba-4de7-9bd0-dca403eaa7f5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No4 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Rate- 500 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: To all customers for the purpose of outdoor lighting of streets, alleys. thoroughfares, public parks and playgrounds. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

92

Data:51d63e4c-a01b-4439-8780-def6be999cde | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c-a01b-4439-8780-def6be999cde c-a01b-4439-8780-def6be999cde No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delmarva Power (Maryland) Effective date: 2011/07/08 End date if known: Rate name: OUTDOOR LIGHTING "OL" High Pressure Sodium 50W Sector: Lighting Description: there are many different classifications for different structures for lights. The monthly charge here is for the existing pole. Click on the link for other structures. Source or reference: http://www.delmarva.com/_res/documents/DPLMdMasterTariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

93

Data:5cd23c05-6def-4136-ad9f-48671d7e8e28 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-6def-4136-ad9f-48671d7e8e28 5-6def-4136-ad9f-48671d7e8e28 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Dowagiac, Michigan (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: PUBLIC SERVICES Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all Federal, State, and Local Governmental authorities for the supply of electric energy to public buildings, public schools, or other facilities that are supported by public tax levies. Source or reference: http://www.cityofdowagiac.com/Administration/PDF/departments/Electric%20Rates%2011-23-10.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability

94

Data:3310e7de-f4c4-4efe-8e5a-f0cb1ab95150 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

de-f4c4-4efe-8e5a-f0cb1ab95150 de-f4c4-4efe-8e5a-f0cb1ab95150 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Russellville, Kentucky (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Class 40 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.russepb.com/rates.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

95

Data:A65b294d-ef33-4e22-9246-9b152b0ef245 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-ef33-4e22-9246-9b152b0ef245 d-ef33-4e22-9246-9b152b0ef245 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: A & N Electric Coop Effective date: 2006/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Service - Retail Access - Schedule B-U-RA Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Availability: Available to customers otherwise taking bundled service under Schedule B-U, subject to the established Terms and Conditions of the Cooperative. Source or reference: http://www.anec.com/yourbill/rate_pdfs/B_U_RA.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

96

Data:8c0b8380-6c95-4e30-9521-7ef367535def | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b8380-6c95-4e30-9521-7ef367535def b8380-6c95-4e30-9521-7ef367535def No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Florida Elec Coop, Inc Effective date: 2011/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule OL- Outside Lighting (1000 W MV) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to all members of the Cooperative for lighting of public or private thoroughfares, parking areas, homes, farms, or businesses. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

97

Data:00788f07-52cb-4def-aa1f-20197ca115c6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f07-52cb-4def-aa1f-20197ca115c6 f07-52cb-4def-aa1f-20197ca115c6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Broad River Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service Single-Phase Sector: Residential Description: * Available to residential consumers of the Cooperative in residences, condominiums, mobile homes or individual metered apartments. It is 120/240 volts. Subject to wholesale power cost adjustment and sales taxes. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

98

Data:89b4def7-28a1-4176-b7b3-fcd913a7a847 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

def7-28a1-4176-b7b3-fcd913a7a847 def7-28a1-4176-b7b3-fcd913a7a847 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nebraska Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial General Service Demand Three-Phase Primary Voltage Sector: Commercial Description: *Electricity is provided through the Village, which obtains electric power from Nebraska Public Power District (NPPD). Available to industrial and commercial customers with peak demands of 100 kW or more in any two summer months or 200 kW or more in any two months of a 12 consecutive month period.

99

Data:5ccd87d5-c563-46ac-8f1a-a4def2cb3892 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d5-c563-46ac-8f1a-a4def2cb3892 d5-c563-46ac-8f1a-a4def2cb3892 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Leigh, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/15 End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation- Interruptible 3-Day Control Sector: Industrial Description: See source for information. Source or reference: http://www.loup.com/docs/customersvc/LIS-I-Rates2013.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

100

Data:E4366939-aff5-4d6d-9def-851d05d85ace | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

39-aff5-4d6d-9def-851d05d85ace 39-aff5-4d6d-9def-851d05d85ace No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Modesto Irrigation District Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SL - Nonlisted Light - 225 Watts Sector: Lighting Description: This section of this Schedule is applicable to all night lighting on the public streets, alleys, highways and parks for cities, lighting districts or other public bodies. Public outdoor area lighting for other than all night lighting is supplied under Rate Schedule GS. Source or reference: www.mid.org/tariffs/rates/SL_STREET_LIGHTING.pdf

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101

A modified hypoxia-based TCP model to investigate the clinical outcome of stereotactic hypofractionated regimes for early stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has been applied to lung tumors at different stages and sizes with good local tumor control (LC) rates. The linear quadratic model (LQM), in its basic formulation, does not seem to be appropriate to describe the response to radiotherapy for clinical trials, based on a few fractions. Thus, the main aim of this work was to develop a model, which takes into account the hypoxic cells and their reoxygenation. Methods: A parameter named B has been introduced in a modified tumor control probability (TCP) from LQM and linear-quadratic-linear model (LQLM), and represents the fraction of hypoxic cells that survive and become oxygenated after each irradiation. Based on published trials evaluating LC at 3 yr (LC3), values of B were obtained by maximum likelihood minimization between predicted TCP and clinical LC3. Two oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) parameter sets (1 and 2) from literature have been adopted to calculate the B-factors. Initial hypoxic cell fractions ({eta}{sub h}) from 0.05 to 0.50 were assumed. Log-likelihood (L) and Akaike information criterion (AIC) were determined in an independent clinical validation dataset. Results: The B-values of modified TCPs spanned the whole interval from 0 to 1, depending on the fractionation scheme (number of fractions and dose/fraction), showing a maximum (close to 1) at doses/fraction of 8-12 Gy. The B-values calculated using the OER parameter set 1 exhibited a smoother falloff than set 2. An analytical expression was derived to describe the B-value's dependence on the fractionation scheme. The R{sup 2}-adjusted values varied from 0.63 to 0.67 for LQ models and OER set 1 and from 0.75 to 0.78 for LQ model and OER set 2. Lower values of R{sup 2}-adjusted were found for LQLM and both OER sets. L and AIC, calculated using a fraction of {eta}{sub h} = 0.15 and the B-value from the authors analytical expression were higher than for other {eta}{sub h}-values, irrespective of model or OER set. Conclusions: The authors model allows to predict the clinical outcome associated with SBRT treatment, taking into account both direct killing and indirect vasculature or stromal damage.

Strigari, L.; Benassi, M.; Sarnelli, A.; Polico, R.; D'Andrea, M. [Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, 00144 Rome (Italy); Medical Physics Department, IRCCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei tumori, 47014 Meldola (Italy); Radiotherapy Department, IRCCS Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei tumori, 47014 Meldola (Italy); Laboratory of Medical Physics and Expert Systems, National Cancer Institute Regina Elena, 00144 Rome (Italy)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Data:0c6a9591-def4-4abe-b362-964082e712fe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a9591-def4-4abe-b362-964082e712fe a9591-def4-4abe-b362-964082e712fe No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Carteret-Craven El Member Corp Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Medium General Service Time-Of-Use Sector: Commercial Description: * Fixed monthly charge includes $2.08 REPS (Rider REPS-1) rate-Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard. This schedule is available as an optional rate for electric service normally provided under the Cooperative's Medium General Service - Schedule MGS.Service under this schedule is closed and not available for any building, structure, or premise not receiving service under this schedule prior to January 1, 2007. Buildings, structures, or premises receiving service under this schedule prior to January 1, 2007 may continue receiving service until the name of the customer responsible for the service is changed.

103

Data:D0b54d3a-def3-4522-ac58-af9cc40bdf19 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d3a-def3-4522-ac58-af9cc40bdf19 d3a-def3-4522-ac58-af9cc40bdf19 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Muscoda, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/10/26 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-2 Athletic Field Service Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0844 per kilowatt-hour.

104

Data:1c716f00-42a0-43be-86d9-1fc9def323df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

16f00-42a0-43be-86d9-1fc9def323df 16f00-42a0-43be-86d9-1fc9def323df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Concord, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential with Water Heating Sector: Residential Description: Available only to customers dwelling in residences, condominiums, mobile homes, or individually-metered apartments which provide independent and permanent facilities complete for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation. In addition, all energy required for all water heating, cooking, clothes drying, and environmental space conditioning must be supplied electrically, and all electric energy used in such dwelling must be recorded through a single meter.

105

Data:6ce88841-eb3a-404a-a36a-b913d0def6fb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-eb3a-404a-a36a-b913d0def6fb 1-eb3a-404a-a36a-b913d0def6fb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kootenai Electric Cooperative Effective date: 2009/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Member Owns/KEC Maint. HPS 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.kec.com/documents/rate_schedule_500_street_and_area_lighting_oct_09.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

106

Data:586fa35c-8312-4c99-b02b-174def09d213 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

586fa35c-8312-4c99-b02b-174def09d213 586fa35c-8312-4c99-b02b-174def09d213 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Florida Power & Light Co. Effective date: 2013/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: CST-1 Curtailable Service-TOU Sector: Commercial Description: For any commercial or industrial Customer who qualifies for Rate Schedule GSLD-1 and will curtail this Demand by 200kW or more upon request of the company. Source or reference: www.fpl.com/rates Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

107

Data:003dc272-4bc0-4def-8fff-a466df61ca07 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

72-4bc0-4def-8fff-a466df61ca07 72-4bc0-4def-8fff-a466df61ca07 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Hamilton, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Three Phase Non-Residential Secondary with demand meter Sector: Industrial Description: *Summer months: May-September, Winter months: October-April Rider A = Power Cost Adjustment (PCA). The PCA as of January 13, 2011 is $0.01689. Rider B = Electric Rate Stabilization Fund Adjustment. As of May 15, 2002, the *Rider B rate is $0.0000. Rider C = Suburban Surcharge ( Customers Outside The City of Hamilton). 5% of all applicable charges above plus the State of Ohio Excise Tax.

108

Data:2e04922d-caff-46cd-a0ea-b288def6354e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4922d-caff-46cd-a0ea-b288def6354e 4922d-caff-46cd-a0ea-b288def6354e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Otter Tail Power Co Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: LARGE GENERAL SERVICE - TIME OF DAY - Secondary Sector: Commercial Description: Facilities Charge per Month per annual max. kW (minimum 80 kW per Month): $0.12/kW RULES AND REGULATIONS: Terms and conditions of this electric rate schedule and the General Rules and Regulations govern use of this service. CC APPLICATION OF SCHEDULE: This schedule is applicable to nonresidential Customers with a measured Demand of at least 80 kW within the most recent 12 months.

109

Data:0b6a8cbd-f77d-492f-bf5b-45def33e4497 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cbd-f77d-492f-bf5b-45def33e4497 cbd-f77d-492f-bf5b-45def33e4497 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Holstein, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0860 per kilowatt-hour.

110

Data:B7279f95-9dac-4794-8def-6941456c7c35 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

79f95-9dac-4794-8def-6941456c7c35 79f95-9dac-4794-8def-6941456c7c35 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Cadott, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2000/10/19 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service: 250 W MV(On Distribution Wood Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Application: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish, install, and maintain street lighting units. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.33 per customer per month. Pole Charges: Distribution Wood Pole - $ 1.00 per lamp per month Dedicated Wood Pole - $ 2.50 per lamp per month Ornamental Pole - $10.00 per lamp per month

111

Data:Ae0a9942-39ae-4451-92de-f2e91d4dbeec | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a9942-39ae-4451-92de-f2e91d4dbeec a9942-39ae-4451-92de-f2e91d4dbeec No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Gastonia, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: RECR-1: WIND AND BIOMASS ENERGY CREDIT Sector: Commercial Description: On-Peak energy period is defined as non-holiday weekdays from 7:00 AM to 11:00 PM EPT. All Energy kWh VARIABLE = On-Peak = $0.0332 & Off-Peak = $0.0098 5 YEARS = On-Peak = $0.0343 & Off-Peak = $0.0103 10 YEARS = On-Peak = $0.0372 & Off-Peak = $0.0109 15 YEARS = On-Peak = $0.0396 & Off-Peak = $0.0113

112

Data:0daeb383-d572-4a84-9b4c-22da8cc9def8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

daeb383-d572-4a84-9b4c-22da8cc9def8 daeb383-d572-4a84-9b4c-22da8cc9def8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Consumers Energy Co Effective date: 2012/06/08 End date if known: Rate name: GP-Dynamic Pricing Pilot-Customer Voltage Level 1 (CVL 1) Sector: Commercial Description: The Dynamic Pricing Pilot is a voluntary pilot available at the discretion of the Company to Full Service Customers taking service under the Company's GP tariff and whom have, or are selected to have, the required metering equipment and infrastructure installed. The Company will furnish, install, maintain and own the required equipment at the customers' premises at the Company's expense for the duration of the pilot. Equipment installations must conform to the Company's specifications. By enrolling in the pilot, the customer agrees to participate in surveys and understands that the metering data will be used for pilot evaluation purposes. This pilot shall not be taken in conjunction with the GEI Provision, the GMP Provision or Net Metering.

113

Data:59d11def-92b9-4e8c-9a49-d2a3131b359c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d11def-92b9-4e8c-9a49-d2a3131b359c d11def-92b9-4e8c-9a49-d2a3131b359c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cumberland, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2006/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-1 Residential Service Single Phase with Parallel Generation(20 kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Residential Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0294per kilowatt-hour.

114

Data:97ab8160-825f-43d9-b5de-f2ac9a2bd9c0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60-825f-43d9-b5de-f2ac9a2bd9c0 60-825f-43d9-b5de-f2ac9a2bd9c0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Coop Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule MSL (Metered Security Lighting)(Decorative fixtures 100 Watt) Sector: Lighting Description: Available to all cooperative members. 100 Watt HPS. Source or reference: Rate Binder #7 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

115

Data:32b8962f-e3bd-4880-854e-ae1ab9a58def | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f-e3bd-4880-854e-ae1ab9a58def f-e3bd-4880-854e-ae1ab9a58def No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Marshfield, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 TOD Small Power Optional Time-of-Day Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0515 per kilowatt-hour.

116

Data:582dd7a3-95f2-4071-95ef-73c0323def7f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a3-95f2-4071-95ef-73c0323def7f a3-95f2-4071-95ef-73c0323def7f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Lakeland, Florida (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Private Area Lighting HPS 100 Watt - Directional - Service Option A Sector: Lighting Description: Service Options A. Fixture and Installation Only; B. Maintenance of Fixture Only; C. Energy, Excluding Fuel Charge, for Fixture Only; and D. Full Service: The sum of each of the above Discrete Private Area Lighting Charges (A+B+C), plus the monthly service charge Source or reference: http://www.lakelandelectric.com/Portals/0/docs/pdf/Rates%20&%20Pricing/Electric%20Rates%20Tariffs/html/files/assets/common/downloads/publication.pdf

117

Data:96def126-f93c-41da-89a2-8e5e9c110300 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

def126-f93c-41da-89a2-8e5e9c110300 def126-f93c-41da-89a2-8e5e9c110300 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Electrical Dist No3 Pinal Cnty Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE NO. 05-D AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION PUMPING SERVICE Sector: Industrial Description: Applicability: To all irrigation motors operated by the Maricopa Stanfield Irrigation & Drainage District for the exclusive use of pumping water for the purposes of irrigation farm fields or to fill canals which are ultimately used to irrigate fields. Energy Charge/kWh Step 1: $0.0251 Step 2: $0.0594 Step 1-Energy billed under Step 1 will not exceed the amount of allocated monthly scheduled hydro energy. Monthly energy above Step 1 allocated hydro amounts will be billed at the Step 2 Rate.

118

Data:B124def1-6795-44d6-bfb6-f6e4f99b2530 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4def1-6795-44d6-bfb6-f6e4f99b2530 4def1-6795-44d6-bfb6-f6e4f99b2530 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Wahoo, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Large General Service (Single Phase) Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.wahoo.ne.us/content_subcat.asp?SubCategoryID=88&CategoryID=125&ContentID=68 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

119

Data:C570d2de-333a-448f-a552-687e4def8d16 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d2de-333a-448f-a552-687e4def8d16 d2de-333a-448f-a552-687e4def8d16 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Hertford, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- Rural Sector: Residential Description: To separately metered and billed supply of alternating current electricity to any customer residing outside the Town of Hertford for use in and about a single family residential unit, including a residential farm where the farm uses are not taken through a separate meter. Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Needs%20V2/Attachments/208/Hertford%20NC.pdf

120

Data:Cf747b7d-c0a8-4589-ba23-c34def4577b7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

47b7d-c0a8-4589-ba23-c34def4577b7 47b7d-c0a8-4589-ba23-c34def4577b7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mitchell Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE GS-14 GENERAL SERVICE Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available in all territory served by the Cooperative, from existing lines of adequate capacity, in accordance with the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY Applicable to all electric service of one standard secondary voltage required on consumer's premises, delivered at one point and metered at or compensated to that voltage. No service rendered hereunder may be resold, nor transmitted to other premises, either directly or indirectly, without the express consent of the Cooperative, and then only upon the condition that the energy resold is not sub-metered.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Data:661509d9-6c29-4b09-aa97-fe71a6def80a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d9-6c29-4b09-aa97-fe71a6def80a d9-6c29-4b09-aa97-fe71a6def80a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/07/06 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Three Phase Optional Time-of-Day 8am-8pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0583 per kilowatt-hour.

122

Data:F8baf3fe-77ac-4e88-81fe-07693c8def83 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

baf3fe-77ac-4e88-81fe-07693c8def83 baf3fe-77ac-4e88-81fe-07693c8def83 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Indiana Michigan Power Co (Michigan) Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: COGEN/SPP - Cogeneration and/or Small Power Production Service Sector: Description: Monthly Charges for Delivery from the Company to the Customer (1) Supplemental Service Available to the customer to supplement its COGEN/SPP source of power supply which will enable either or both sources of supply to be utilized for all or any part of the customer's total requirements. Charges for energy, and demand where applicable, to serve the customer's net or total load shall be determined according to the rate schedule appropriate for the customer. Option 1 and Option 2 customers with COGEN/SPP facilities having a total design capacity of more than 10 kW shall be served under demand-metered rate schedules.

123

Data:067b4402-e7d6-412b-bea9-0def7fe7c12b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e7d6-412b-bea9-0def7fe7c12b e7d6-412b-bea9-0def7fe7c12b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: NSTAR Electric Company Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: ACTON General Service SB-T2 (C8/C9) (F8/F9) Supplemental Service-Demand charge Sector: Industrial Description: tiered demand Source or reference: http://www.nstar.com/docs3/tariffs/190.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

124

Data:4067fa0b-ef7a-44d8-ab4d-ef35ca83f5f0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa0b-ef7a-44d8-ab4d-ef35ca83f5f0 fa0b-ef7a-44d8-ab4d-ef35ca83f5f0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Orangeburg, South Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2007/05/16 End date if known: Rate name: 2SS20 - 27,500 Lumens (HPS) Closed Type Globe Sector: Lighting Description: The following is the rate schedule for lights installed for street lighting for the City of Orangeburg. Source or reference: http://www.orbgdpu.com/PDF%20files/Electric%20-%20Code%202L,2P,2U%20-%20Overhead%20Private%20Lights.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

125

Data:4d15545a-de70-40c5-b642-2c5def682d77 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5a-de70-40c5-b642-2c5def682d77 5a-de70-40c5-b642-2c5def682d77 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Austin Energy Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Customer-Owned, Non-Metered Lighting Sector: Commercial Description: There are additional fees of the Community Benefit Charge and Regulatory Charge of $0.00113 per kWh respectively and $.00094 per kWh respectively. Source or reference: http://www.austinenergy.com/About%20Us/Rates/index.htm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

126

Data:E7ad0def-9048-4dde-821f-0a0d92d82c25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ad0def-9048-4dde-821f-0a0d92d82c25 ad0def-9048-4dde-821f-0a0d92d82c25 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bonners Ferry, Idaho (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Self Consumed with Demand: B3PO Sector: Industrial Description: Note: $10.00 added to Fixed monthly charge if Remote Read Device is used. Source or reference: Rates Binder 1, Illinois State University Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

127

Early stages in cosmic structure formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the origin and evolution of large scale structure in the universe. We approach these questions from two different angles in two related but independent projects. The outcomes of these two investigations ...

Burgess, Kristin M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

UV-BRIGHT NEARBY EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES OBSERVED IN THE MID-INFRARED: EVIDENCE FOR A MULTI-STAGE FORMATION HISTORY BY WAY OF WISE AND GALEX IMAGING  

SciTech Connect

In the local universe, 10% of massive elliptical galaxies are observed to exhibit a peculiar property: a substantial excess of ultraviolet emission than what is expected from their old, red stellar populations. Several origins for this ultraviolet excess (UVX) have been proposed including a population of hot young stars and a population of old, blue horizontal branch or extended horizontal branch (BHB or EHB) stars that have undergone substantial mass loss from their outer atmospheres. We explore the radial distribution of UVX in a selection of 49 nearby E/S0-type galaxies by measuring their extended photometry in the UV through mid-infrared (mid-IR) with the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). We compare UV/optical and UV/mid-IR colors with the Flexible Stellar Population Synthesis models, which allow for the inclusion of EHB stars. We find that combined WISE mid-IR and GALEX UV colors are more effective in distinguishing models than optical colors, and that the UV/mid-IR combination is sensitive to the EHB fraction. There are strong color gradients, with the outer radii bluer than the inner half-light radii by {approx}1 mag. This color difference is easily accounted for with an increase in the BHB fraction of 0.25 with radius. We estimated that the average ages for the inner and outer radii are 7.0 {+-} 0.3 Gyr, and 6.2 {+-} 0.2 Gyr, respectively, with the implication that the outer regions are likely to have formed {approx}1 Gyr after the inner regions. Additionally, we find that metallicity gradients are likely not a significant factor in the color difference. The separation of color between the inner and outer regions, which agrees with a specific stellar population difference (e.g., higher EHB populations), and the {approx}0.5-2 Gyr age difference suggests multi-stage formation. Our results are best explained by inside-out formation: rapid star formation within the core at early epochs (>4 Gyr ago) and at least one later stage starburst event coinciding with z {approx} 1.

Petty, S. M.; Farrah, D. G. [Department of Physics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Neill, J. D.; Bridge, C. R. [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Jarrett, T. H.; Tsai, C.-W. [Astronomy Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Blain, A. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Rich, R. M.; Lake, S. E.; Wright, E. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Benford, D. J. [NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Masci, F. J. [IPAC, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Data:Def61fa4-3ad9-42f2-89e9-f09fbbbeff8f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Def61fa4-3ad9-42f2-89e9-f09fbbbeff8f Def61fa4-3ad9-42f2-89e9-f09fbbbeff8f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Indianapolis Power & Light Co Effective date: 2011/03/15 End date if known: Rate name: MU-1 - a1a - 175 watt MV Sector: Lighting Description: Lamps in enclosed fixtures, suspended from mast arms on wood poles and supplied from overhead circuits. APPLICABILITY: For Street and Traffic Lighting of public streets, parkways, improved alleys, boulevards, drives, bridges, parking areas, or other public places by Cities or Towns or by individuals, groups of individuals, associations and other than incorporated municipalities; and lighting of public parks, drives, bridges, parking areas or other public places by only Cities or Towns where there is a prospect that the capital expenditure is warranted. The capital expenditure will be warranted if the amount of revenue received in sixty (60) months exceeds the estimated cost of installation for the lights as calculated by the Company. If the 60-month revenue does not exceed the cost of installation, the Customer must pay two and one-half (2½) times the difference of the cost of installation and the 60-month revenue prior to installation of the lighting. The terms, prices and provisions of this rate schedule shall be applicable to a consolidated city of the first class only to the extent not inconsistent with the specifications, terms, prices and provisions in contracts which may be entered into by such city pursuant to I.C. § 36-9-9-1, et. seq.

130

Engineering human hepatic tissue for modeling liver-stage malaria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Plcsmodium liver stage is an attractive target for the development of antimalarial drugs and vaccines, as it provides an opportunity to interrupt the life cycle of the parasite at a critical early stage. However, ...

Ng, Shengyong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The initial stages of heavy-ion collisions in the Color Glass Condensate framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short review, we present the description of the early stages of a heavy ion collision at high energy in the Color Glass Condensate framework.

Francois Gelis

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

132

Stage Management & Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stage managers provide centralized communication, organization, and task coordination for all individuals in the production team. This study explores the advantages and disadvantages of different and new forms of technology implemented into various...

O'Brien, Madison D

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

133

Early Stage R&D Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission Energy Analysis Energy Storage Geothermal Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydropower, Wave and Tidal Industrial Technologies Solar Photovoltaic Solar Thermal Startup America...

134

Giftedness in Hispanic English Language Learners: Early Stages of Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proficient (LEP) (TEC 89.1225) ? Bilingual Education ? TBE ? ESL ? Gifted and Talented (TEC 29.121) ? Hispanic Gifted and Talented (Lara-Alecio & Irby, 2000) Instrumentation ? The Hispanic Bilingual Gifted Screening Instrument (HBGSI) (Irby & Lara... Proficient (LEP) (TEC 89.1225) ? Bilingual Education ? TBE ? ESL ? Gifted and Talented (TEC 29.121) ? Hispanic Gifted and Talented (Lara-Alecio & Irby, 2000) Instrumentation ? The Hispanic Bilingual Gifted Screening Instrument (HBGSI) (Irby & Lara...

Esquierdo, Joy J.; Irby, Beverly; Lara-Alecio, Rafael

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

Prediction of invasion from the early stage of an epidemic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...154101 ) 39 Van Dyke Parunak, H. , T. Belding, and S. Brueckner 2008 Prediction horizons in agent models. In Engineering environment-mediated multi-agent systems (eds D. Weyns, S. Brueckner, and Y. Demazeau), lecture notes in computer science...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Household Epidemics: Modelling Effects of Early Stage Vaccination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stockholm, Sweden 2 Department of Mathematics, University of Dar es Salaam, Box 35062, Dar es Salaam

Britton, Tom

137

Resistance and wake prediction for early stage ship design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before the detailed design of a new vessel a designer would like to explore the design space to identify an appropriate starting point for the concept design. The base design needs to be done at the preliminary design level ...

Johnson, Brian (Brian David)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ANALYSIS OF THE EARLY STAGE OF THERMAL RUNAWAY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......given by or Although deflagration and thermal-expansion effects (arising from a fuller consideration of the combustion processes than is possible with equation (1)) may invalidate equation (60) before these times are reached, this result......

J. W. DOLD

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Cooling system early-stage design tool for naval applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis utilizes concepts taken from the NAVSEA Design Practices and Criteria Manualfor Surface Ship Freshwater Systems and other references to create a Cooling System Design Tool (CSDT). With the development of new ...

Fiedel, Ethan R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Staged fluidized bed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to oil shale retorting and more particularly to staged fluidized bed oil shale retorting. Method and apparatus are disclosed for narrowing the distribution of residence times of any size particle and equalizing the residence times of large and small particles in fluidized beds. Particles are moved up one fluidized column and down a second fluidized column with the relative heights selected to equalize residence times of large and small particles. Additional pairs of columns are staged to narrow the distribution of residence times and provide complete processing of the material.

Mallon, R.G.

1983-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

System Design Stage  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter addresses translating the user-oriented functional design specifications into a set of technical, computer-oriented system design specifications; and designing the data structure and processes to the level of detail necessary to plan and execute the Programming and Installation Stages.

1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

142

Staged direct injection diesel engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A diesel engine having staged injection for using lower cetane number fuels than No. 2 diesel fuel. The engine includes a main fuel injector and a pilot fuel injector. Pilot and main fuel may be the same fuel. The pilot injector injects from five to fifteen percent of the total fuel at timings from 20.degree. to 180.degree. BTDC depending upon the quantity of pilot fuel injected, the fuel cetane number and speed and load. The pilot fuel injector is directed toward the centerline of the diesel cylinder and at an angle toward the top of the piston, avoiding the walls of the cylinder. Stratification of the early injected pilot fuel is needed to reduce the fuel-air mixing rate, prevent loss of pilot fuel to quench zones, and keep the fuel-air mixture from becoming too fuel lean to become effective. In one embodiment, the pilot fuel injector includes a single hole for injection of the fuel and is directed at approximately 48.degree. below the head of the cylinder.

Baker, Quentin A. (San Antonio, TX)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Part cost estimation at early design phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although 70% of part cost is determined during the early design stage, designers rarely accurately estimate the costs of their designs. Based on extensive literature review, in-depth industrial survey and close collaboration with multiple manufacturers, forty factors were identified as governing part cost and ranked according to cost impact. Based on parameter ranking and availability at the early stages of design, a cost estimator for designers is proposed. As the design progresses and more parameters become available, a more accurate cost model is derived and proposed to manufacturers. Results are analyzed and compared to actual manufacturing costing demonstrating good fit.

Gila Molcho; Asher Cristal; Moshe Shpitalni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

E-Print Network 3.0 - acipenser transmontanus early Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and early life stages of the green sturgeon (Acipenser... steroid levels in white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) from the Columbia River, USA. Bulletin... sturgeon...

145

Staged membrane oxidation reactor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising (a) two or more membrane oxidation stages, each stage comprising a reactant zone, an oxidant zone, one or more ion transport membranes separating the reactant zone from the oxidant zone, a reactant gas inlet region, a reactant gas outlet region, an oxidant gas inlet region, and an oxidant gas outlet region; (b) an interstage reactant gas flow path disposed between each pair of membrane oxidation stages and adapted to place the reactant gas outlet region of a first stage of the pair in flow communication with the reactant gas inlet region of a second stage of the pair; and (c) one or more reactant interstage feed gas lines, each line being in flow communication with any interstage reactant gas flow path or with the reactant zone of any membrane oxidation stage receiving interstage reactant gas.

Repasky, John Michael; Carolan, Michael Francis; Stein, VanEric Edward; Chen, Christopher Ming-Poh

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

146

Staged membrane oxidation reactor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising (a) two or more membrane oxidation stages, each stage comprising a reactant zone, an oxidant zone, one or more ion transport membranes separating the reactant zone from the oxidant zone, a reactant gas inlet region, a reactant gas outlet region, an oxidant gas inlet region, and an oxidant gas outlet region; (b) an interstage reactant gas flow path disposed between each pair of membrane oxidation stages and adapted to place the reactant gas outlet region of a first stage of the pair in flow communication with the reactant gas inlet region of a second stage of the pair; and (c) one or more reactant interstage feed gas lines, each line being in flow communication with any interstage reactant gas flow path or with the reactant zone of any membrane oxidation stage receiving interstage reactant gas.

Repasky, John Michael; Carolan, Michael Francis; Stein, VanEric Edward; Chen, Christopher Ming-Poh

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

147

Staged membrane oxidation reactor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising (a) two or more membrane oxidation stages, each stage comprising a reactant zone, an oxidant zone, one or more ion transport membranes separating the reactant zone from the oxidant zone, a reactant gas inlet region, a reactant gas outlet region, an oxidant gas inlet region, and an oxidant gas outlet region; (b) an interstage reactant gas flow path disposed between each pair of membrane oxidation stages and adapted to place the reactant gas outlet region of a first stage of the pair in flow communication with the reactant gas inlet region of a second stage of the pair; and (c) one or more reactant interstage feed gas lines, each line being in flow communication with any interstage reactant gas flow path or with the reactant zone of any membrane oxidation stage receiving interstage reactant gas.

Repasky, John Michael; Carolan, Michael Francis; Stein, VanEric Edward; Chen, Christopher Ming-Poh

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

148

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) researchers have developed a multi-stage refrigerator,...

149

Early B-physics at ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The B-physics program at the ATLAS experiment, which covers the mid-rapidity region, complements that at the dedicated LHCb experiment, which covers the forward rapidity region. At the early stage of the LHC operation, the program concentrated on understanding of detector performance and measurements of quarkonia and D mesons. This article presents recent results of the B-physics program at ATLAS.

S. Oda; on behalf of the ATLAS Collaboration

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

150

Operation of staged membrane oxidation reactor systems  

SciTech Connect

A method of operating a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system. The method comprises providing a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system with at least a first membrane oxidation stage and a second membrane oxidation stage, operating the ion transport membrane oxidation system at operating conditions including a characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and a characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage; and controlling the production capacity and/or the product quality by changing the characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and/or changing the characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage.

Repasky, John Michael

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

151

Multi-stage flash degaser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-stage flash degaser is incorporated in an energy conversion system having a direct-contact, binary-fluid heat exchanger to remove essentially all of the noncondensable gases from geothermal brine ahead of the direct-contact binary-fluid heat exchanger in order that the heat exchanger and a turbine and condenser of the system can operate at optimal efficiency.

Rapier, P.M.

1980-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

152

Multi-stage flash degaser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-stage flash degaser (18) is incorporated in an energy conversion system (10) having a direct-contact, binary-fluid heat exchanger to remove essentially all of the noncondensable gases from geothermal brine ahead of the direct-contact binary-fluid heat exchanger (22) in order that the heat exchanger (22) and a turbine (48) and condenser (32) of the system (10) can operate at optimal efficiency.

Rapier, Pascal M. (Richmond, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Flow Efficiency and Excitation in Turbine Stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sources of non-steady forces in a turbine stage are reviewed. Procedures for line vortex stage flow analysis and for actuator disk analyses are described, together with details of certain important analyti...

Neville F. Rieger

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

President Obama Named 13 Energy Department Scientists for Outstanding Early  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Named 13 Energy Department Scientists for Named 13 Energy Department Scientists for Outstanding Early Career Award President Obama Named 13 Energy Department Scientists for Outstanding Early Career Award July 26, 2012 - 11:12am Addthis President Obama today named 96 researchers as recipients of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers, the highest honor bestowed by the United States Government on science and engineering professionals in the early stages of their independent research careers. These include 13 receipients from the Energy Department. "Discoveries in science and technology not only strengthen our economy, they inspire us as a people." President Obama said. "The impressive accomplishments of today's awardees so early in their careers promise even greater advances in the years ahead."

155

Early Station Costs Questionnaire  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Station Costs Questionnaire Early Station Costs Questionnaire Marc Melaina Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center Market Readiness Workshop February 16-17th, 2011 Washington, DC Questionnaire Goals * The Early Station Costs questionnaire provides an anonymous mechanism for organizations with direct experience with hydrogen station costs to provide feedback on current costs, near-term costs, economies of scale, and R&D priorities. * This feedback serves the hydrogen community and government agencies by increasing awareness of the status of refueling infrastructure costs National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Questions for Market Readiness Workshop Attendees * Are these questions the right ones to be asking?

156

Second Stage Turbine Bucket Airfoil.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The second-stage buckets have airfoil profiles substantially in accordance with Cartesian coordinate values of X, Y and Z set forth in inches in Table I wherein Z is a perpendicular distance from a plane normal to a radius of the turbine centerline and containing the X and Y values with the Z value commencing at zero in the X, Y plane at the radially innermost aerodynamic section of the airfoil and X and Y are coordinate values defining the airfoil profile at each distance Z. The X, Y and Z values may be scaled as a function of the same constant or number to provide a scaled-up or scaled-down airfoil section for the bucket.

Xu, Liming (Simpsonville, SC); Ahmadi, Majid (Simpsonville, SC); Humanchuk, David John (Simpsonville, SC); Moretto, Nicholas (Clifton Park, NY); Delehanty, Richard Edward (Maineville, OH)

2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

157

Early American Naval Sigint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After the Battle of Midway, Laurance Safford, The primary source on early USN Comint work is the booklet US Naval Communications Intelligence Activities by Laurance Safford, J. N. Wenger and at le...

Peter Donovan; John Mack

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Integrated two-stage coal liquefaction process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improved two-stage process for the production of liquid carbonaceous fuels and solvents from carbonaceous solid fuels, especially coal.

Bronfenbrenner, James C. (Allentown, PA); Skinner, Ronald W. (Allentown, PA); Znaimer, Samuel (Vancouver, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Early anaerobic metabolisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...would have been available to fuel early-Earth ecosystems. The...array of different plants, algae and cyanobacteria, and since...advantage of the available energy to fuel them. This is reasonable...where hydrogen is used to fuel methanogenesis. The importance...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Early History of Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 2, Dr. J. B. Kramer read a paper on “The Early History of Magnetism”, in which he discussed the various accounts of the first discovery of a magnet ... accounts of the first discovery of a magnet, and the development of the science of magnetism down to A.D. 1600. His remarks were divided into five sections, the ...

1932-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

STATE OF CALIFORNIA INSULATION STAGE CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA INSULATION STAGE CHECKLIST CEC-CF-6R-ENV-22 (Revised 05/12) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-22 Quality Insulation Installation (QII) - Insulation Stage be insulated in a manner that resists thermal bridging of the assembly separating conditioned from

162

Growth and development of larval bay scallops (Argopecten irradians) in response to early exposure to high CO?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coastal and estuarine environments experience large variability and rapid shifts in pCO? levels. Elevated pCO˛, or ocean acidification, often negatively affects early life stages of calcifying marine invertebrates, including ...

White, Meredith Megan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Green power marketing-the business of selling electricity products or services based in part on their environmental values-is still in an early stage of development. This Topical Issues Brief presents a summary of early results with green power marketing under retail competition, covering both fully competitive markets and relevant direct access pilot programs. The brief provides an overview of green products that are or were offered, and discusses consumers' interest in these products. Critical issues that will impact the availability and success of green power products under retail competition are highlighted.

Wiser, R. (LBL); Fang, J.; Porter, K.; Houston, A. (NREL)

1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

164

Measurements of the viscoelastic and heterogeneous response of the passive stage 18 embryonic chick heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pressure (mm Hg) ' End-diastolic ventricular pressure (mm Hg) ' 1'rom Hu and Clark (1989) from Lin and Taber (1994) ' from Lin and Taber (1995) Stage 16 (2'/r d) 0. 286 0. 542 2. 0 122+ 3 O. og 2 0. 01 1. 15 k 0. 04 0. 25 S: 0. 02 Stage 18 (3... longitudinal structure thought to be stiffer than the rest of the cardiac tissue ? that lies along one side of the early cardiac tube, which attaches the heart to the embryo before looping occurs and is resorbed by the heart during looping (Taber, 1995...

Ling, Phyllis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - albicans early stage Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to antifungal drug discovery Terry Roemer,1 * Bo Jiang,1 John Davison,1... , Quebec, Canada, H3A 1B1. Summary Candida albicans is the primary fungal pathogen of humans....

166

Effects of triclosan on zebrafish early-life stages and adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The biocide triclosan (TCS) is commonly used in personal...Danio rerio), embryos and adults was studied. Several lethal and sub-lethal endpoints were analysed in organisms exposed to TCS such as mortality, embryo...

Rhaul Oliveira; Inęs Domingues…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Post-diagnosis weight gain and breast cancer recurrence in women with early stage breast cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hunter DJ, Willett WC (1996): Nutrition and breast cancer.Cancer Causes Control 7:56- 37. Weiderpass E, Braaten T,of premenopausal breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Sequential water stress in cotton: yield response to stress in early and peak flowering stages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*) was determined independently of SD and CS* was defined as the reduction in yield per unit of stress day factor (SD) for each period of growth. A stress day index analysis was performed using data from a 1985 study (Clark, 1986) and the 1986 study. Plots.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Daily average wind runs for sheltered and unsheltered treatment areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . Table 6. Comparison of 1985 and 1986 yield, water use, and water use...

Prochaska, James Frank

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

Abstract 5606: Detection of circulating tumor DNA in early and late stage human malignancies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...colorectal, bladder, gastroesophoageal, pancreatic, breast, melanoma, hepatocellular and head and neck cancers, but in less than 50% of primary brain, renal, prostate, or thyroid cancers. In patients with localized tumors, ctDNA was detected...

Chetan Bettegowda; Mark Sausen; Rebecca Leary; Isaac Kinde; Nishant Agrawal; Bjarne Bartlett; Hao Wang; Brandon Luber; Kenneth Kinzler; Bert Vogelstein; Nickolas Papadopoulos; Luis Diaz

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Methods for managing uncertainly in material selection decisions : robustness of early stage life cycle assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing alternative materials is an important tactic to improve the environmental performance of products. Currently a growing array of materials candidates confronts today's product designer. While life-cycle assessment ...

Nicholson, Anna L. (Anna Louise)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Sefaira Launches EnergyPlus-Based Early Stage Design Tool For Mechanical Engineers  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Building energy modeling—computer simulation of building energy use given a description of its architecture, lighting and mechanical systems, occupancy and use, and local weather— is a powerful...

172

A computer support tool for the early stages of architectural design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dimensions in office whiteboards. In: Proceedings of CHI99, Pittsburgh, PA. ACM Press, pp. 346-353. Novitski, B. 2002. AutoDesk goes conceptual. Architecture Week, Page T1.1. 08. Retrieved May 14, 2001, from http://www.architectureweek......

Dzmitry Aliakseyeu; Jean-Bernard Martens; Matthias Rauterberg

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A tool for evaluating the early-stage design of corvettes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In naval architecture terminology, the term "corvette" refers to a class of ships that are shorter than frigates and longer than patrol boats. Corvettes have always been the centerpiece of the navies whose mission requirements ...

Kara, Mustafa Yasin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Magnetic fields during the early stages of massive star formation – I. Accretion and disc evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......due to the condition of ideal MHD. Note the different spatial...the gas. As we consider ideal MHD, the field lines cannot diffuse...Keplerian discs. Figure 8 Phase diagram of magnetic field and rotational...by several authors for ideal MHD simulations (Allen et al. 2003......

D. Seifried; R. Banerjee; R. S. Klessen; D. Duffin; R. E. Pudritz

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

Ab initio atomistic thermodynamics study of the early stages of Cu(100) oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­3 catalytic conversion of nitrogen oxides,4 water-gas shift,5,6 and preventing CO poisoning in fuel cells.7 the nucleation limit of Cu2O, they are likely to exist due to kinetic hindrance. 1 #12;I. INTRODUCTION Oxidation

McGaughey, Alan

176

Fiber Optic Micro-endoscopy for Detection of Bacteria in Early Stages of Infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. have built a wide field Light Emitting Diode (LED) illumination based, 1 mm diameter fiber bundle micro-endoscope capable of sub-cellular resolution imaging (4 ?m resolution with 750 ?m field of view) for pre-cancer detection in the oral mucosa [16.... have built a wide field Light Emitting Diode (LED) illumination based, 1 mm diameter fiber bundle micro-endoscope capable of sub-cellular resolution imaging (4 ?m resolution with 750 ?m field of view) for pre-cancer detection in the oral mucosa [16...

Mufti, Nooman Sadat

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

177

Biological and taxonomic investigations concerning early stages of Heliothis zea (Boddie) and Heliothis virescens (F.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ohrovwtoeraohy 44 IQ Tab is Page ingred'ents for bcllworm and tobacco budworm pre-mixei" . &heat germ d. iet 12 !dean widths of eggs of the boliworm and the iooacco budworm (mm) 21 Average duration ir days of diffe. "ent stag 's of development of tne... bollworm ano. , he toba cc budworm under lahore, ory co!'!dit. & or s at 73 ? 5 Z 25 Fre&luency d1. str icution of egg incubation per!o&ls cf '-hc bo71worm and the tobacco 'oudworm 26 Zre&p enc o. ist-. ibution of total larval periods or the & all...

Talati, Govind Motilal

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Mechanical modeling of tissue response during early stage entubulated peripheral nerve regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After severe peripheral nerve injury, such as transection, regeneration has been observed over variable gap lengths with the use of the nerve stump entubulation method. Following entubulation, exudate from transected nerve ...

Buydash, Melissa Christine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

EARLY STAGES OF CLUSTER FORMATION: FRAGMENTATION OF MASSIVE DENSE CORES DOWN TO {approx}< 1000 AU  

SciTech Connect

In order to study the fragmentation of massive dense cores, which constitute the cluster cradles, we observed the continuum at 1.3 mm and the CO (2-1) emission of four massive cores with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer in the most extended configuration. We detected dust condensations down to {approx}0.3 M {sub Sun} and separate millimeter sources down to 0.''4 or {approx}< 1000 AU, comparable to the sensitivities and separations reached in optical/infrared studies of clusters. The CO (2-1) high angular resolution images reveal high-velocity knots usually aligned with previously known outflow directions. This, in combination with additional cores from the literature observed at similar mass sensitivity and spatial resolution, allowed us to build a sample of 18 protoclusters with luminosities spanning three orders of magnitude. Among the 18 regions, {approx}30% show no signs of fragmentation, while 50% split up into {approx}> 4 millimeter sources. We compiled a list of properties for the 18 massive dense cores, such as bolometric luminosity, total mass, and mean density, and found no correlation of any of these parameters with the fragmentation level. In order to investigate the combined effects of the magnetic field, radiative feedback, and turbulence in the fragmentation process, we compared our observations to radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulations and found that the low-fragmented regions are reproduced well in the magnetized core case, while the highly fragmented regions are consistent with cores where turbulence dominates over the magnetic field. Overall, our study suggests that the fragmentation in massive dense cores could be determined by the initial magnetic field/turbulence balance in each particular core.

Palau, Aina; Girart, Josep M. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB-Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain)] [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB-Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain); Fuente, Asuncion [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, P.O. Box 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain)] [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, P.O. Box 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain); Estalella, Robert [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia (IEEC-UB), Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti Franques, 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain)] [Departament d'Astronomia i Meteorologia (IEEC-UB), Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti Franques, 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Ho, Paul T. P.; Zhang, Qizhou [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Sanchez-Monge, Alvaro; Fontani, Francesco; Cesaroni, Riccardo [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, INAF, Lago E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)] [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, INAF, Lago E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Busquet, Gemma [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Area di Recerca di Tor Vergata, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy)] [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Area di Recerca di Tor Vergata, Via Fosso Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Commercon, Benoit; Hennebelle, Patrick [Laboratoire de Radioastronomie, UMR CNRS 8112, Ecole Normale Superieure et Observatoire de Paris, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)] [Laboratoire de Radioastronomie, UMR CNRS 8112, Ecole Normale Superieure et Observatoire de Paris, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Boissier, Jeremie [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)] [Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Zapata, Luis A., E-mail: palau@ieec.uab.es [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

Modular machinery arrangement and its impact in early-stage naval electric ship design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical power demands for naval surface combatants are projected to rise with the development of increasingly complex and power intensive combat systems. This trend also coincides with the need of achieving maximum fuel ...

Jurkiewicz, David J. (David James)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EARLY DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF THE BROWN SHRIMP, Penaeus aztecus IVES, REARED IN THE LABORATORY 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, Galveston, Texas 77550. , Formerly National Marme Fisheries Service Bio- logical Laboratory. Galveston, Texas; present address: Division of Contract Research, Texas Division, Dow Chemical Company, Freeport, Texas 77541. , National Marine Fisheries Service Biological Lab- oratory, Galveston, Texas 77550

182

Sefaira Launches EnergyPlus-Based Early Stage Design Tool For...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

capabilities to allow mechanical engineers to quickly explore and compare multiple HVAC systems (top image). Photos courtesy of Sefaira and Shutterstock Sefaira has a new...

183

Opposing Roles of Dnmt1 in Early- and Late-Stage Murine Prostate Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...England Biolabs, 240 County Road, Ipswich, MA 01938-2723...lymphoma (14). Furthermore, crossing Dnmt1 hypomorphic mice with...Methods. The experimental design allowed us to address how DNA...Greally. 2008. An analytical pipeline for genomic representations...

Shannon R. Morey Kinney; Michael T. Moser; Marien Pascual; John M. Greally; Barbara A. Foster; Adam R. Karpf

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Multi-Family Calculator: An Early Stage Tool for Integrated Design Teams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.austinenergy.com 7 DOE Multifamily midrise: Floor area: 950 sq ft/dwelling unit Window fraction: 12% Cooling type: Packaged Terminal Heat Pump + Other characteristics Prototype Buildings ESL-KT-13-12-19 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San...Multifamily Energy Calculator Rapid modeling of mid-rise residential projects Greg Arcangeli | Graduate Engineer | LEED AP BD+C Cristina Woodings | Graduate Engineer ESL-KT-13-12-19 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San...

Arcangeli, G.; Woodings, C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Involvement of Clostridium botulinum ATCC 3502 Sigma Factor K in Early-Stage Sporulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to control the public health risks that the spores of this dangerous pathogen cause through...to control the public health risks that the spores of this dangerous pathogen cause through...Hygiene and Environmental Health, Centre of Excellence...

David G. Kirk; Elias Dahlsten; Zhen Zhang; Hannu Korkeala; Miia Lindström

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

186

Solitons as the Early Stage of Quasicondensate Formation during Evaporative Cooling  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the evaporative cooling dynamics of trapped one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates for parameters leading to a range of condensates and quasicondensates in the final equilibrium state, using the classical fields method. We confirm that solitons are created during the evaporation process by the Kibble-Zurek mechanism, but subsequently dissipate during thermalization. However, their signature remains in the phase coherence length, which is approximately conserved during dissipation in this system.

Witkowska, E.; Deuar, P.; Gajda, M. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Aleja Lotnikow, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); RzaPzewski, K. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Aleja Lotnikow, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Flash of prompt photons from the early stage of heavy-ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

We briefly recall the tremendous strides in the studies of the parton cascade model made by Klaus Geiger. Next, we argue that photons may provide confirmation of several of these ideas. Thus we know that, copious internetted partonic cascades may develop in the wake of relativistic collisions of nuclei at CERN SPS and BNL RHIC energies, We use the parton cascade model to estimate the emission of single photons generated from such cascades due to the branching of quarks q{yields}q{gamma}, scattering of quarks and gluons, and annihilation of quarks. The formation of a hot and dense partonic matter is shown to be preceded by an intense radiation of photons from the QED branching of quarks. This is similar to the QCD branching q{yields}qg which along with the gluon multiplication (g{yields}gg) which is known to play a crucial role in the formation of the dense partonic plasma.

Srivastava, Dinesh Kumar [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

1999-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

188

The corrosion of weathering steel by SO2 polluted atmospheres at its very early stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CEMS was used in conjunction with AES to study the protective film formed on a weathering steel by exposure to a highly SO2-polluted atmosphere. Ferrous species (sulphite) and ferric oxyhydroxides (ferrihydrite a...

J. F. Marco; J. Dávalos; M. Gracia; J. R. Gancedo

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Nuclear Dynamics, Mitosis, and the Cytoskeleton during the Early Stages of Colony Initiation in Neurospora crassa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microbiology August 2010 research-article Articles Nuclear Dynamics, Mitosis...Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing...conidial germlings. Nuclear and cytoskeletal...were impaired in nuclear positioning...Journal Article Research Support, Non-U...

M. Gabriela Roca; Hsiao-Che Kuo; Alexander Lichius; Michael Freitag; Nick D. Read

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

190

Clump mass function at an early stage of molecular cloud evolution – II. Galactic cloud complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......contribution of the magnetic energy (wkin2, wkin2th2). These...generated by choosing an appropriate energy equipartition relation and a...contribution of magnetic or thermal energy: model cases wkin2, wkin2th2...Vazquez-Semadeni E., Klessen R. S., Audit E. AA (2008) 486:L43......

Todor V. Veltchev; Sava Donkov; Ralf S. Klessen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Computer assisted design reflection : a web application to improve early stage product in startup companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the concept of computer-assisted design reflection. The work details the development of a prototype framework and reflection engine. Reflection is a critical process in design. It allows a designer ...

Gimenez, Clayton C. (Clayton Christopher)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Characterizing the early stages of electrochemical phase formation of lead sulfate films  

SciTech Connect

A semiquantitative evaluation of lead sulfate film formation on lead in sulfuric acid solution was done by current-time transient studies. The effects of acid concentration, potential, and expander are explored. Crucial parameters of film formation and passivation are identified which could be used for selection of an electrolyte concentration as well as screening of expanders and their concentration for lead-acid battery negative plate operation.The mechanism of formation of Pb{sup 2+} (PbSO{sub 4}) from lead was confirmed to involve two, one-electron, steps; the second electron transfer being the rate-determining step. Expanders do not affect the Tafel slope but favor the mechanism through dissolution-precipitation mode. The kinetics of lead-sulfate formation do not follow any of the reported/known models. The dissolution-precipitation model coupled with nucleation and a growth model/theory is indicated.

Murugan, K.; Vanmathi, G.; Rangarajan, S.K. [Central Electrochemical Research Inst., Karaikudi (India)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Lower hypoxia thresholds of cuttlefish early life stages living in a warm acidified ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diffusion of dissolved gases. During the present experiments...Zhang. 2009 Effects of natural and human-induced hypoxia...oxyregulating animals: gas exchange, metabolic rate...production. In The vertebrate gas transport cascade: adaptations to environment...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Modeling the Early Stages of Thin Film Formation by Energetic Atom Deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used for surface modification and thin film production purposes. These processes use a high vacuum-beam deposition, in which a cluster of atoms is ionized and accelerated to- ward a substrate. Upon impact, Aerospace and Nuclear En- gineering Department, University of California-Los Angeles, Los An- geles, CA

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

195

An analysis of early stage prototypes using implementation, look and feel, and role  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identifying the purpose of a prototype is central to making informed decisions about the kind of prototype to build. Houde and Hill (1997) propose a model for classifying prototypes according to their purpose and the design ...

Hernley, Lauren R. (Lauren Renee)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

CONCRACK 3 RILEM-JCI International Workshop on Crack Control of Mass Concrete and Related Issues Concerning Early-Age of Concrete Structures, 15-16 March 2012, Paris, France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paris Est, Bridges and Structures Department, Paris, France Abstract Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) is an autogenous swelling reaction that can affect concrete exposed in precast elements [2] or in cast-in-place massive elements [3]. Due to the late formation of ettringite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

Thermonuclear Fusion in a Staged Pinch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Staged pinch implosions provide means to couple energy to a small-diameter fibre on an extremely fast time scale, circumventing the limitations of conventional pinches. In this scheme the generator current initia...

F. J. Wessel; Norman Rostoker; H. U. Rahman…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Water rites : a city stage for Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the design of a public theatre for the entire city of Boston, a "city stage." The intention is to explore through design the boundaries of an architectural setting for large scale performance art; ...

Mansfield, Timothy Denton

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

One-dimensional staged self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the problem of staged self-assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures, which becomes interesting when the elements are labeled (e.g., representing functional units that must be placed at specific locations). ...

Demaine, Erik D.

200

Biologically-inspired robots for stage performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stage performances present many challenges and opportunities in the field of robotics. Onstage robots not only have to function flawlessly, they must interact convincingly with their human counterparts and adhere to a rigid ...

Dong, Wei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Coordinated X-Y stage apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus based on precision X-Y stages that are stacked. Attached to arms projecting from each X-Y stage are a set of two axis gimbals. Attached to the gimbals is a rod, which provides motion along the axis of the rod and rotation around its axis. A dual-planar apparatus that provides six degrees of freedom of motion precise to within microns of motion.

Morimoto, Alan K. (Albuquerque, NM); Kozlowski, David M. (Albuquerque, NM); Charles, Steven T. (Germantown, TN); Spalding, James A. (Springfield, KY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Lysine Metabolism by the Mammary Gland of Lactating Goats at Two Stages of Lactation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) in response to an i.v. infusion of lysine (Lys) plus methionine (Met). At each stage of lactation [2-15 N] and [1-13 C; 6,6-2 H2] Lys kinetics were performed on the last day of 5-d i.v. infusion of saline higher in early than in late lactation, but LM infusion did not affect these variables. Regardless

Bequette, Brian J.

203

Early history of ISNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The International Symposia on Nonlinear Acoustics now referred to as ISNA have convened regularly since 1968 bringing together scientists and engineers to report and discuss the latest developments in this branch of nonlinear physics. The fact that this series of symposia is still going strong after more than four decades is testimony that nonlinear acoustics has established itself as a distinct important and vibrant field of research. In this paper we take a look back at the early years of ISNA to recall how it all began and trace the evolution of the symposia into their current form.

Mark F. Hamilton; Thomas G. Muir; David T. Blackstock

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The staged cooling process: A practical approach to zero wastewater discharge  

SciTech Connect

Staged cooling is an established, low cost zero wastewater discharge technology that maximizes water reuse and recycle in industrial water cooling applications by extending the evaporative cooling process. Water usage is minimized and 200 to 300 cycles of concentration are possible while protecting the primary process cooling systems from the perils of excessive conductivity and/or hardness. The process is currently operating in eight power plants and has over 200,000 accumulative operating hours with excellent results. A ninth plant is due to begin operation in early 1996. Staged cooling uses two or three hydraulically isolated evaporative cooling loops. Primary, secondary and waste water (brine) cooling loops are characterized by low, intermediate, and high (brine) mineral concentrations. Depending on the water chemistry and the power plant configuration, staged cooling systems have primary/secondary, primary/brine, or primary/secondary/brine configurations.

Sanderson, W.G.; Lancaster, R.L. [Eautech, Redmond, WA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

205

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE STAGING FACILITY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HAZARDOUS WASTE STAGING FACILITY HAZARDOUS WASTE STAGING FACILITY Project 39GF71024-GPDI21000000 . PANTEX PLANT AMARILLO, TEXAS DOE/EA-0688 JUNE 1993 MASTER DiSTRiBUTiON OF THIS DOCUMENT IS UNLIMITEI) ffrl TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page 1.0 Need for Action 1 2.0 Description of Proposed Facility Action 3.0 Location of the Action 8 4.0 Alternatives to Proposed Action 9 4.1 No Action 9 4.2 Redesign and Modify Existing staging Facilities 9 4.3 Use Other Existing Space at Pantex Plant 9 4.4 Use Temporary Structures 9 4.5 Stage Waste at Other Sites 10 4.6 Stage Wastes Separately 10 5.0 Environmental Impacts of Proposed Action 10 5.1 Archeology 10 5.2 FloodplainlW etlands 10 5.3 Threatened and Endangered Species 10 5.4 Surrounding La,nd Use 11 5.5 Construction 11 5.6 Air Emissions 11

206

Staged mold for encapsulating hazardous wastes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A staged mold for stabilizing hazardous wastes for final disposal by molding an agglomerate of the hazardous wastes and encapsulating the agglomerate. Three stages are employed in the process. In the first stage, a first mold body is positioned on a first mold base, a mixture of the hazardous wastes and a thermosetting plastic is loaded into the mold, the mixture is mechanically compressed, heat is applied to cure the mixture to form a rigid agglomerate, and the first mold body is removed leaving the agglomerate sitting on the first mold base. In the second stage, a clamshell second mold body is positioned around the agglomerate and the first mold base, a powdered thermoplastic resin is poured on top of the agglomerate and in the gap between the sides of the agglomerate and the second mold body, the thermoplastic is compressed, heat is applied to melt the thermoplastic, and the plastic is cooled jacketing the agglomerate on the top and sides. In the third stage, the mold with the jacketed agglomerate is inverted, the first mold base is removed exposing the former bottom of the agglomerate, powdered thermoplastic is poured over the former bottom, the first mold base is replaced to compress the thermoplastic, heat is applied to melt the new thermoplastic and the top part of the jacket on the sides, the plastic is cooled jacketing the bottom and fusing with the jacketing on the sides to complete the seamless encapsulation of the agglomerate.

Unger, Samuel L. (Los Angeles, CA); Telles, Rodney W. (Alhambra, CA); Lubowitz, Hyman R. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

STAGING OF FUEL CELLS - PHASE II  

SciTech Connect

TIAX has executed a laboratory-based development program aiming at the improvement of stationary fuel cell systems. The two-year long development program resulted in an improved understanding of staged fuel cells and inorganic proton conductors through evaluation of results from a number of laboratory tasks: (1) Development of a fuel cell modeling tool--Multi-scale model was developed, capable of analyzing the effects of materials and operating conditions; and this model allowed studying various ''what-if'' conditions for hypothetically staged fuel cells; (2) Study of new high temperature proton conductor--TIAX discovery of a new class of sulfonated inorganics capable of conducting protons when exposed to water; and study involved synthesis and conductivity measurements of novel compounds up to 140 C; (3) Electrochemical fuel cell measurements--the feasibility of staged fuel cells was tested in TIAX's fuel cell laboratories experimental design was based on results from modeling.

Per Onnerud; Suresh Sriramulu

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

Residential Two-Stage Gas Furnaces - Do They Save Energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE test procedure for several furnace efficiency levels (80%, 81%, 90%,ASHRAE Test Procedure 80% AFUE (Two-stage, BPM) 81% AFUE (Two-stage, BPM) 90%

Lekov, Alex; Franco, Victor; Lutz, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam EnergyStaging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way ofcompact laser-plasma accelerators to generate particle

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Weidlinger-Navarro selected for waste staging facility design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weidlinger-Navarro selected for waste staging facility design support Small firm selected for design support of new waste staging facility Weidlinger-Navarro will support the...

211

Early Customer Involvement in Innovation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Front End of innovation (FEI) or early innovation presents one of the greatest opportunities for improving an entire innovation process in any firm.… (more)

Penn, Sylvain Bienvenu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

receive DOE Early Career Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hydrological controls on carbon cycling in flood plain ecosystems into Earth System Models (ESM). "The DOE Early Career Research Award represents both a significant honor...

213

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix M - Functional Activity Def  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M, Page 1 M, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX M U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FUNCTIONAL ACTIVITY DEFINITIONS Support Cost by Functional Activity (SCFA) Report Introduction Prior to fiscal year 1997, Department-wide support cost data showing the nature of, amount of, and trends in these costs were not available. Recognizing the importance of managing these costs, and receiving requests from Congress and the GAO, the Department's Chief Financial Officer implemented the SCFA System. In implementing the SCFA to track support-related costs, the Chief Financial Officer developed consistent functions for 22 specific cost categories-such as facility management, safeguards and security, and site maintenance-that contractors use in reporting their support-related costs. These 22 specific categories fall into

214

Lower Freezing DEF For Higher NOx Reduction Attainment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

NOx emissions data from bench-scale experiments and Class III truck operated using a low freezing point diesel exhaust fluid

215

Experimental investigation of ASR/DEF-induced reinforcing bar fracture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Numerous cases of premature concrete deterioration due to alkali-silica reaction and/or delayed ettringite formation have developed within highway infrastructure in the state of Texas over… (more)

Webb, Zachary David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Delayed ettringite formation (DEF) in mortars of white cement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study white cement CEM I-52.5 and white limestone cement CEM II-LL, A and B, with 15% and 25% limestone substitution, were studied. The way delayed ettringite forms, due to exposure to high temperatures (50 °C) and external sulphate attacks, was examined in the mortar samples. The mortars were immersed at 50 °C for 180 days in: (a) a saturated Ca(OH)2 solution and (b) a 5% Na2SO4 solution. During the experiment’s duration, the mortar samples were being observed visually on a regular basis while their expansion was estimated on a weekly basis by measuring the change of length with a micrometer. At the end of the experiment, the mortar samples’ compressive strength was determined and the deterioration products were identified through means of X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM-EDAX), Thermogravimetry (TG) and Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FT-IR). Concluding it is evident that the amount of ettringite is proportional to the C3A content of cement. Sulphates amount in cement is the controlling factor for heat induced ettringite formation since when they are consumed the reaction stops. On the other hand in the case of external sulphate attack another important controlling factor is the compressive strength of the cement; the higher compressive strength the lower the risk of expansion. Finally, in the case of external sulphate attack, limestone, when added to cement, was proved to enhance the durability against sulphates attack when compared to a cement of the same class.

M. Katsioti; N. Patsikas; P. Pipilikaki; N. Katsiotis; K. Mikedi; M. Chaniotakis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Effect of ettringite morphology on DEF-related expansion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, time dependent ettringite formation in heat-cured mortars has been investigated. In order to clarify the effect of formation place and morphology of ettringite on expansion, secondary electron images of cracked surfaces of mortars at three ages were analysed by SEM–EDS. Also, the X-ray microtomography analysis has been performed to observe the crack formation. The expansive role of delayed formed ettringite was related with its time dependent morphology as a function of formation place. From these observations, mechanism of ettringite reformation after heat curing has been proposed. Alumina rich species were the primary sources of ettringite formation as the starting nuclei. At later ages, if S and Al sources are readily available, the mentioned alumina rich nuclei will grow up and build ball ettringite. At long term, ball type ettringites (non-expansive) converted to massive type (expansive). These conversions can only take places if the form of available space is narrow (preformed micro-cracks). Massive ettringites exert pressure in these narrow spaces and cause expansion of mortar. If the form of the available space is spherical (entrapped air voids) ball ettringites preserve their initial form and do not cause any expansion.

Kamile Tosun; Bülent Baradan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Fusion in a Staged Z-pinch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York (1978) Teller, E. : Fusion. Academic Press, New York (O R I G I N A L A RT I C L E Fusion in a Staged Z-pinch H.U.implosion the sim- ulated fusion-energy yield is 7.6 MJ,

Rahman, H. U.; Ney, P.; Rostoker, N.; Wessel, F. J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Mitochondrial modulation: reversible phosphorylation takes center stage?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 billion years, mitochondria have evolved from oxygen-scavenging bacterial symbionts into pri- mary controlMitochondrial modulation: reversible phosphorylation takes center stage? David J. Pagliarini1 and Center for Human Genetics Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA In the past 1

Pagliarini, David J.

220

Festival: Science on stage deadline approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Festival: Science on stage deadline approaches Conference: Welsh conference attracts teachers Data: New phase of CERN openlab tackles exascale IT challenges for science Meeting: German Physical Society holds its physics education spring meeting Conference: Association offers golden opportunity in Norway Competition: So what's the right answer then?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Two stage sorption of sulfur compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two stage method for reducing the sulfur content of exhaust gases is disclosed. Alkali- or alkaline-earth-based sorbent is totally or partially vaporized and introduced into a sulfur-containing gas stream. The activated sorbent can be introduced in the reaction zone or the exhaust gases of a combustor or a gasifier. High efficiencies of sulfur removal can be achieved.

Moore, William E. (Manassas, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Early Entrance Coproduction Plant  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objectives of Phase I were to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan for implementation in Phase II; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The work performed under Phase II will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation.

Mushtaq Ahmed; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Troy Raybold; Lalit S. Shah; Kenneth A. Yackly

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

223

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing Plan (RD and T) for implementation in Phase II. The objective of Phase II is to implement the RD and T as outlined in the Phase I RD and T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The project will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information that will be needed to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation by industry.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; Jimmy O. Ong; Sarah J. Patel; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstock. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing Plan (RD and T) for implementation in Phase II. The objective of Phase II is to implement the RD and T as outlined in the Phase I RD and T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The project will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and other feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information that will be needed to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation by industry.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; Jimmy O. Ong; Sarah J. Patel; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

225

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three-phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) that produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: Electric power (or heat); Fuels; and Chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or some other carbonaceous feedstock, such as petroleum coke. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan for implementation in Phase II. This objective has now been accomplished. A specific site, Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, has been selected as the location best suited for the EECP. The accomplishments of Phase I are discussed in detail in this Phase I Concept Report. A RD and T Plan and a preliminary project financing plan have been developed and are submitted separately from this report.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; David Mintner; Wendy Moore; Jimmy O. Ong; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Kalapi D. Sheth; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

226

Training for Early Career Researchers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Training for Early Career Researchers Research Management Training for 16 ­ 17 September 2014 training in an intensive, yet effective workshop form over two days. There is a strong emphasis on European Management Training for Early Career Researchers 16 ­ 17 September 2014 in Hamburg #12;

Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

227

CHERRY: CHECKPOINTED EARLY RESOURCE RECYCLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2 3 CHERRY: CHECKPOINTED EARLY RESOURCE RECYCLING Jos´e F. Mart´inez1 , Jose Renau2 Michael C. Huang3 , Milos Prvulovic2 , and Josep Torrellas2 #12;Cherry: Checkpointed Early Resource Recycling efficient use by aggressive recycling Opportunity: Resources reserved until retirement § ¦ ¤ ¥ Solution

Torrellas, Josep

228

AEO2013 Early Release Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 Early Release Overview 3 Early Release Overview AEO2013 Early Release Overview Executive summary Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040, under the assumption that current laws and regulations remain generally unchanged throughout the projection period. This early release focuses on the AEO2013 Reference case, which provides the basis for examination and discussion of energy market trends and serves as a starting point for analysis of potential changes in U.S. energy policies, rules, or regulations or potential technology breakthroughs. Readers are encouraged to review the full range of cases that will be presented when the complete AEO2013 is released in early 2013, exploring key uncertainties in the Reference case. Major highlights in the AEO2013 Reference case include:

229

Solid-State Lighting: Early Lessons Learned on the Way to Market  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document early challenges and lessons learned in the solid-state lighting (SSL) market development as part of the DOE’s SSL Program efforts to continually evaluate market progress in this area. This report summarizes early actions taken by DOE and others to avoid potential problems anticipated based on lessons learned from the market introduction of compact fluorescent lamps and identifies issues, challenges, and new lessons that have been learned in the early stages of the SSL market introduction. This study identifies and characterizes12 key lessons that have been distilled from DOE SSL program results.

Sandahl, Linda J.; Cort, Katherine A.; Gordon, Kelly L.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Gasification Technologies and Transportation Fuels and Chemicals programs, DOE and Texaco are partners through Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-99FT40658 to determine the feasibility of developing, constructing and operating an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). The overall objective of the project is the three-phase development of an EECP that produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: Electric power (or heat); Fuels; and Chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or some other carbonaceous feedstock, such as petroleum coke. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan for implementation in Phase II. This objective has now been accomplished. A specific site, Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, has been selected as the location best suited for the EECP. The specific work requirements of Phase I included: Prepare an EECP Preliminary Concept Report covering Tasks 2-8 specified in the Cooperative Agreement; Develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan as specified in Task 9 of the Cooperative Agreement for implementation in Phase II; and Develop a Preliminary Project Financing Plan for the EECP Project as specified in Task 10 of the Cooperative Agreement. This document is the Preliminary Project Financing Plan for the design, construction, and operation of the EECP at the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery.

John H. Anderson; William K. Davis; Thomas W. Sloop

2001-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

231

A New Methodology for Early Anomaly Detection of BWR Instabilities  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the performed research is to develop an early anomaly detection methodology so as to enhance safety, availability, and operational flexibility of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants. The technical approach relies on suppression of potential power oscillations in BWRs by detecting small anomalies at an early stage and taking appropriate prognostic actions based on an anticipated operation schedule. The research utilizes a model of coupled (two-phase) thermal-hydraulic and neutron flux dynamics, which is used as a generator of time series data for anomaly detection at an early stage. The model captures critical nonlinear features of coupled thermal-hydraulic and nuclear reactor dynamics and (slow time-scale) evolution of the anomalies as non-stationary parameters. The time series data derived from this nonlinear non-stationary model serves as the source of information for generating the symbolic dynamics for characterization of model parameter changes that quantitatively represent small anomalies. The major focus of the presented research activity was on developing and qualifying algorithms of pattern recognition for power instability based on anomaly detection from time series data, which later can be used to formulate real-time decision and control algorithms for suppression of power oscillations for a variety of anticipated operating conditions. The research being performed in the framework of this project is essential to make significant improvement in the capability of thermal instability analyses for enhancing safety, availability, and operational flexibility of currently operating and next generation BWRs.

Ivanov, K. N.

2005-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

232

Multi-stage fuel cell system method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high efficiency, multi-stage fuel cell system method and apparatus is provided. The fuel cell system is comprised of multiple fuel cell stages, whereby the temperatures of the fuel and oxidant gas streams and the percentage of fuel consumed in each stage are controlled to optimize fuel cell system efficiency. The stages are connected in a serial, flow-through arrangement such that the oxidant gas and fuel gas flowing through an upstream stage is conducted directly into the next adjacent downstream stage. The fuel cell stages are further arranged such that unspent fuel and oxidant laden gases too hot to continue within an upstream stage because of material constraints are conducted into a subsequent downstream stage which comprises a similar cell configuration, however, which is constructed from materials having a higher heat tolerance and designed to meet higher thermal demands. In addition, fuel is underutilized in each stage, resulting in a higher overall fuel cell system efficiency.

George, Thomas J. (Morgantown, WV); Smith, William C. (Morgantown, WV)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Two Stage Smooth Semi Parametric Quantile Regression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a root n consistent estimator for ?0 when the qth conditional quantile of Y given X=x and Z=z takes the semi linear form g(x) + z??0 where g(.) is an unknown real valued function,?0 a finite dimensional parameter and (X,Z)a couple of explanatory variables.Importantly, our estimator attains,under homoscedasticity,the semi parametric efficiency bound.This estimation is conducted in two steps. First, a Robinson’s like demeaning of the original model is employed which provides a new quantile regression whose nuisance terms are estimated via a non parametric procedure.In the second stage, the quantile regression is conducted by smoothing the check function.We show that the previous estimator belongs to a class of estimators we propose to name ”two stage smooth semi parametric quantile”

J. M. Krief

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Second-stage turbine bucket airfoil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The second-stage buckets have airfoil profiles substantially in accordance with Cartesian coordinate values of X, Y and Z set forth in inches in Table I wherein Z is a perpendicular distance from a plane normal to a radius of the turbine centerline and containing the X and Y values with the Z value commencing at zero in the X, Y plane at the radially innermost aerodynamic section of the airfoil and X and Y are coordinate values defining the airfoil profile at each distance Z. The X and Y values may be scaled as a function of the same constant or number to provide a scaled-up or scaled-down airfoil section for the bucket. The second-stage wheel has sixty buckets.

Wang, John Zhiqiang (Greenville, SC); By, Robert Romany (Simpsonville, SC); Sims, Calvin L. (Mauldin, SC); Hyde, Susan Marie (Piedmont, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

THE TWO STAGE CRYSTAL COLLIMATOR FOR RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

The use of a two stage crystal collimation system in the RHIC yellow ring is examined. The system includes a copper beam scraper and a bent silicon crystal. While scrapers were installed in both of the RHIC rings before the year 2000 run, the crystal is installed for the 2001 run in one ring only, forming a two stage collimation system there. We present simulations of the expected channeling through the bent silicon crystal for both protons and gold ions with various beam parameters. This gives a picture of the particle losses around the ring, and the expected channeling efficiency. These results are then used to optimize the beam parameters in the area of the crystal to obtain maximum channeling efficiency, minimize out-scattering in the secondary collimator, and reduce beam halo.

FLILLER, R.P. III; DREES, A.; GASSNER, D.; HAMMONS, L.; MCINTYRE, G.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; BIRYUKOV, V.; CHESNOKOV, Y.; TEREKHOV, V.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

236

Chapter 6 - Stage 3: Data Load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary This chapter discusses the Data Load stage of the Guerrilla Analytics workflow. Data Load involves getting data from a receipt location (generally the file system) and loading it into the Data Manipulation Environment (DME). In this chapter, you will learn about the various activities that take place at Data Load. You will learn about the pitfalls and risks in these activities. You will then learn a number of practice tips to mitigate those risks.

Enda Ridge

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Event: UK to host Science on Stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Event: UK to host Science on Stage Travel: Gaining a more global perspective on physics Event: LIYSF asks students to 'cross scientific boundaries' Competition: Young Physicists' tournament is international affair Conference: Learning in a changing world of new technologies Event: Nordic physical societies meet in Lund Conference: Tenth ESERA conference to publish ebook Meeting: Rugby meeting brings teachers together Note: Remembering John L Lewis OBE

238

Relicensing: Adding an extra stage of consultation  

SciTech Connect

Recognizing the value of getting public feedback about its hydro facilities, Montana Power Company is voluntarily going one step beyond FERC's prescribed three-stage consultation process during relicensing of its Missouri-Madison hydro project. Montana Power's attempt to get all the players in the game led the utility to add an extra step to FERC's three-step consultation process for relicensing a hydro project. The additional step gave the utility an opportunity to learn more about the needs and concerns of the public and resource agencies. Simultaneously, it allowed the public an opportunity to gain a better understanding of Montana Power, the project, relicensing, and hydroelectricity in general. The three steps of FERC's consultation process require the applicant to meet with agencies and the public; to perform studies and write a draft application; and to file a final application with FERC and the consulting agencies. The public is given a chance to make comments about the project at each stage of the process. Montana Power started the relicensing process for its Missouri-Madison Project (FERC No. 2188) in the summer of 1989. The license for the project will expire in November 1994. After completing the meetings with the agencies and the public in the first step, Montana Power decided to add an extra stage of consultation with the agencies and public before writing the draft application.

Sullivan, M.G. (Montana Power Company, Butte, MT (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Organs and Organisms Early and late effects (malignancy and genetic problems)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which occurs at a minimum dose of 100 rads (1 gray) with a whole body. · Acute radiation lethality radiation syndrome. · Early radiation lethality is defined as death occurring within a few weeks that can, and manifest illness stage. #12;Acute Radiation Syndrome (2) · The nature of radiation lethality, the timing

Massey, Thomas N.

240

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was developed to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The potential technical and economic risks to the EECP from Task 2.5 can be mitigated by demonstrating that the end-use products derived from the upgrading of the F-T synthesis total liquid product can meet or exceed current specifications for the manufacture of ethylene and propylene chemicals from F-T naphtha, for the generation of hydrogen from F-T naphtha to power fuel cells, for direct blending of F-T diesels into transportation fuels, for the conversion of F-T heavy product wax to transportation fuels, and the conversion of F-T Heavy product wax to a valuable high melting point food-grade specialty wax product. Product evaluations conducted under Task 2.5 of Phase II successfully mitigated the above technical and economic risks to the EECP with the development of product yields and product qualities for the production of chemicals, transportation fuels, and specialty food-grade waxes from the F-T synthesis products.

Fred D. Brent; Lalit Shah; Earl Berry; Charles H. Schrader; John Anderson; Ming He; James F. Stevens; Centha A. Davis; Michael Henley; Jerome Mayer; Harry Tsang; Jimell Erwin; Jennifer Adams; Michael Tillman; Chris Taylor; Marjan J. Roos; Robert F. Earhart

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, Inc., GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I, a design basis for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis section was developed based on limited experience with the specified feed gas and operating conditions. The objective of this Task in Phase II RD&T work was to confirm the performance of the F-T reactor at the set design conditions. Although much of the research, development, and testing work were done by TES outside of this project, several important issues were addressed in this phase of the project. They included Rejuvenation/Regeneration of the Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst, online Catalyst Withdrawal and Addition from the synthesis reactor, and the Fischer-Tropsch Design Basis Confirmation. In Phase III the results from these RD&T work will be incorporated in developing the engineering design package. This Topical Report documents the Phase II RD&T work that was completed for this task.

David Storm; Govanon Nongbri; Steve Decanio; Ming He; Lalit Shah; Charles Schrader; Earl Berry; Peter Ricci; Belma Demirel; Charles Benham; Mark Bohn

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

In 1999, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a Cooperative Agreement to Texaco Energy Systems Inc. to provide a preliminary engineering design of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). Since the award, continuous and diligent work has been undertaken to achieve the design of an economical facility that makes strides toward attaining the goal of DOE's Vision 21 Program. The objective of the EECP is to convert coal and/or petroleum coke to power while coproducing transportation fuels, chemicals, and useful utilities such as steam. This objective is being pursued in a three-phase effort through the partnership of the DOE with prime contractor Texaco Energy Systems, LLC. (TES), the successor to Texaco Energy Systems, Inc. The key subcontractors to TES include General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown and Root. ChevronTexaco provided gasification technology and Rentech Inc.'s Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology that has been developed for non-natural gas sources. GE provided gas turbine technology for the combustion of low energy content gas. Praxair provided air separation technology and KBR provided engineering to integrate the facility. A conceptual design was completed in Phase I and the report was accepted by the DOE in May 2001. The Phase I work identified risks and critical research, development, and testing that would improve the probability of technical success of the EECP. The objective of Phase II was to mitigate the risks by executing research, development, and testing. Results from the Phase II work are the subject of this report. As the work of Phase II concluded, it became evident that sufficient, but not necessarily complete, technical information and data would be available to begin Phase III - Preliminary Engineering Design. Work in Phase II requires additional technical development work to correctly apply technology at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The decision to proceed with Phase III centers on locating a new site and favorable commercial and economic factors.

John Anderson; Charles Schrader

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I the team identified several potential methods to reduce or minimize the environmental impact of the proposed EECP. The EECP Project Team identified F-T catalyst disposal, beneficial gasifier slag usage (other than landfill), and carbon dioxide recovery for the gas turbine exhaust for study under this task. Successfully completing the Task 2.10 RD&T provides additional opportunities for the EECP to meet the goals of DOE's Vision 21 Program. The gasification section offers several opportunities to maximize the environmental benefits of an EECP. The spent F-T catalyst can be sent to landfills or to the gasification section. Testing in Phase II shows that the spent F-T catalyst with a small wax coating can safely meet federal landfill requirements. As an alternative to landfilling, it has been proposed to mix the spent F-T catalyst with the petroleum coke and feed this mixture to the gasification unit. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience with gasification and the characteristics of the spent F-T catalyst this appears to be an excellent opportunity to reduce one potential waste stream. The slag from the gasification unit can be commercially marketed for construction or fuel (such as cement kiln fuel) uses. The technical and economic benefits of these options must be reviewed for the final EECP before incorporating a specific alternative into the design basis. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide, is an important goal of the EECP. The Texaco gasification process provides opportunities to capture high purity streams of carbon dioxide. For Phase II, a carbon fiber composite molecular sieve (CFCMS) was tested to determine its potential to remove high purity carbon dioxide from the exhaust of a gas turbine. Testing on with a simulated gas turbine exhaust shows that the CFCMS is able to remove high purity carbon dioxide from the exhaust. However, more development is required to optimize the system.

John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Earl R. Berry; Ming He; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; O.O. Omatete; T.D. Burchell

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

244

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC (TES), a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco, General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, Inc. GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified catalyst/wax separation as a potential technical and economic risk. To mitigate risks to the proposed EECP, Phase II RD&T included tests of an alternative (to Rentech's Dynamic Settler) primary catalyst/wax separation device and secondary catalyst/wax separation systems. The team evaluated multiple technologies for both primary and secondary catalyst/wax separation. Based on successful testing at Rentech (outside of DOE funding) and difficulties in finalizing a contract to demonstrate alternative primary catalyst/wax separation technology (using magnetic separation technology), ChevronTexaco has selected the Rentech Dynamic Settler for primary catalyst/wax separation. Testing has shown the Dynamic Settler is capable of producing filtrate exceeding the proposed EECP primary catalyst/wax separation goal of less than 0.1 wt%. The LCI Scepter{reg_sign} Microfiltration system appeared to be best suited for producing a filtrate that met the EECP secondary catalyst/wax separation standards of 10 parts per million (weight) [ppmw]. The other technologies, magnetic separation and electrostatic separation, were promising and able to reduce the solids concentrations in the filtrate. Additional RD&T will be needed for magnetic separation and electrostatic separation technologies to obtain 10 ppmw filtrate required for the proposed EECP. The Phase II testing reduces the technical and economic risks and provides the information necessary to proceed with the development of an engineering design for the EECP Fischer-Tropsch catalyst/wax separation system.

John Anderson; Mark Anselmo; Earl Berry; Mark Bohn; Roko Bujas; Ming He; Ken Kwik; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit Shah; Dennis Slater; Donald Todd; Don Wall

2003-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

245

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to its detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC (TES) (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR). The work was under cooperative agreements with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing the gasification technology and the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech Inc., GE is providing the combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing the air separation technology, and KBR is providing overall engineering. Each of the EECP's subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers in Phase I. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified catalyst/wax separation as a potential technical and economic risk. To mitigate risks to the proposed EECP concept, Phase II RD&T included tests for secondary catalyst/wax separation systems as part of Task 2.3--Catalyst/Wax Separation. The LCI Scepter{reg_sign} Microfiltration system was determined to be best suited for producing a filtrate that met the EECP secondary catalyst/wax separation standards of producing F-T wax containing less than10 ppmw solids. As part of task 2.3, micro-filtration removal efficiencies and production rates for two FT feeds, Rentech Inc. bubble column reactor (BCR) product and LaPorte Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU) product, were evaluated. Based on comparisons between the performances of these two materials, the more readily available LaPorte AFDU material was judged an acceptable analog to the BCR material that would be produced in a larger-scale F-T synthesis. The present test was initiated to obtain data in an extended range of concentration for use in the scale-up design of the secondary catalyst/wax separation system that would be operating at the EECP capacity.

John Anderson; Mark Anselmo; Earl Berry; Mark Bohn; Ming He; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit Shah; Donald Todd; Robert Schavey

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

246

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using petroleum coke and ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC. (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ChevronTexaco is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified F-T reactor scale-up as a potential technical risk. The objective of Task 2.3 was to confirm engineering models that allow scale-up to commercial slurry phase bubble column (SPBC) reactors operating in the churn-turbulent flow regime. In developmental work outside the scope of this project, historical data, literature references, and a scale-up from a 1 1/2-in. (3.8 cm) to 6-ft (1.8 m) SPBC reactor have been reviewed. This review formed the background for developing scale-up models for a SPBC reactor operating in the churn-turbulent flow regime. The necessary fundamental physical parameters have been measured and incorporated into the mathematical catalyst/kinetic model developed from the SPBC and CSTR work outside the scope of this EECP project. The mathematical catalyst/kinetic model was used to compare to experimental data obtained at Rentech during the EECP Fischer-Tropsch Confirmation Run (Task 2.1; reported separately). The prediction of carbon monoxide (CO) conversion as a function of days on stream compares quite closely to the experimental data.

Randy Roberts

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

247

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I the team identified the integration of the water produced in the F-T synthesis section with the gasification section as an area of potential synergy. By utilizing the F-T water in the petroleum coke slurry for the gasifier, the EECP can eliminate a potential waste stream and reduce capital costs. There is a low technical risk for this synergy, however, the economic risk, particularly in regards to the water, can be high. The economic costs include the costs of treating the water to meet the locally applicable environmental standards. This option may require expensive chemicals and treatment facilities. EECP Phase II included tests conducted to confirm the viability of integrating F-T water in the slurry feed for the gasifier. Testing conducted at ChevronTexaco's Montebello Technology Center (MTC) included preparing slurries made using petroleum coke with F-T water collected at the LaPorte Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU). The work included bench scale tests to determine the slurry ability of the petroleum coke and F-T water. The results of the tests show that F-T water does not adversely affect slurries for the gasifier. There are a few cases where in fact the addition of F-T water caused favorable changes in viscosity of the slurries. This RD&T task was executed in Phase II and results are reported herein.

Abdalla H. Ali; Raj Kamarthi; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

248

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The 1999 U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) award to Texaco Energy Systems Inc. (presently Texaco Energy Systems LLC, a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco) was made to provide a Preliminary Engineering Design of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). Since the award presentation, work has been undertaken to achieve an economical concept design that makes strides toward the DOE Vision 21 goal. The objective of the EECP is to convert coal and/or petroleum coke to electric power plus transportation fuels, chemicals and useful utilities such as steam. The use of petroleum coke was added as a fuel to reduce the cost of feedstock and also to increase the probability of commercial implementation of the EECP concept. This objective has been pursued in a three phase effort through the partnership of the DOE with prime contractor Texaco Energy Systems LLC and subcontractors General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown and Root (KBR). ChevronTexaco is providing gasification technology and Rentech's Fischer-Tropsch technology that has been developed for non-natural gas feed sources. GE is providing gas turbine technology for the combustion of low energy content gas. Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering to integrate the facility. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was completed in 2000. The Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was prepared based on making assumptions for the basis of design for various technologies that are part of the EECP concept. The Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was approved by the DOE in May 2001. The Phase I work identified technical and economic risks and critical research, development, and testing that would improve the probability of the technical and economic success of the EECP. The Project Management Plan (Task 1) for Phase II was approved by the DOE in 2001. The results of RD&T efforts for Phase II are expected to improve the quality of assumptions made in Phase I for basis of design for the EECP concept. The RD&T work plan (Task 2 and 3) for Phase II has been completed. As the RD&T work conducted during Phase II concluded, it became evident that sufficient, but not necessarily complete, technical information and data would be available to begin Phase III - Basic Engineering Design. Also due to the merger of Chevron and Texaco, the proposed refinery site for the EECP was not available. It became apparent that some additional technical development work would be needed to correctly apply the technology at a specific site. The objective of Task 4 of Phase II is to update the concept basis of design produced during Phase I. As part of this task, items that will require design basis changes and are not site dependent have been identified. The team has qualitatively identified the efforts to incorporate the impacts of changes on EECP concept. The design basis has been modified to incorporate those changes. The design basis changes for those components of EECP that are site and feedstock dependent will be done as part of Phase III, once the site has been selected.

Charles Benham; Mark Bohn; John Anderson; Earl Berry; Fred Brent; Ming He; Randy Roberts; Lalit Shah; Marjan Roos

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

AEO2014 Early Release Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release Overview Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release Overview AEO2014 Early Release Overview Executive summary Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040, under the assumption that current laws and regulations remain generally unchanged throughout the projection period. The early release provides a basis for the examination and discussion of energy market trends and serves as a starting point for analysis of potential changes in U.S. energy policies, rules, or regulations or possible technology breakthroughs. Readers are encouraged to review the full range of cases that will be presented when the complete AEO2014 is released in 2014, exploring key

250

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals March 8, 2010 More than 136 tons of metal saved from demolished buildings LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 9, 2009-Los Alamos National...

251

Turbine nozzle stage having thermocouple guide tube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guide tube is fixed adjacent opposite ends in outer and inner covers of a nozzle stage segment. The guide tube is serpentine in shape between the outer and inner covers and extends through a nozzle vane. An insert is disposed in the nozzle vane and has apertures to accommodate serpentine portions of the guide tube. Cooling steam is also supplied through chambers of the insert on opposite sides of a central insert chamber containing the guide tube. The opposite ends of the guide tube are fixed to sleeves, in turn fixed to the outer and inner covers.

Schotsch, Margaret Jones (Greer, SC); Kirkpatrick, Francis Lawrence (late of Galway, NY); Lapine, Eric Michael (Northwood, NH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Single stage rankine and cycle power plant  

SciTech Connect

The specification describes a Rankine cycle power plant of the single stage type energized by gasified freon, the latter being derived from freon in the liquid state in a boiler provided in the form of a radio frequency heating cell adapted at low energy input to effect a rapid change of state from liquid freon at a given temperature and pressure to gaseous freon of relatively large volume, thereby to drive a Rankine cycle type of engine recognized in the prior art as a steam engine type of engine of the piston or turbine type.

Closs, J.J.

1981-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

253

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified petroleum coke characteristics as a potential technical risk. The composition of petroleum coke varies from one refinery to another. Petroleum coke characteristics are a function of the crude oil slate available at the refinery and the coker operating parameters. The specific petroleum coke characteristics at a refinery affect the design of the Gasification and Acid Gas Removal (AGR) subsystems. Knowing the petroleum coke composition provides the necessary data to proceed to the EECP Phase III engineering design of the gasification process. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience, the EECP team ranked the technical, economic, and overall risks of the petroleum coke composition related to the gasification subsystem as low. In Phase I of the EECP Project, the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery had been identified as the potential EECP site. As a result of the merger between Texaco and Chevron in October 2001, Texaco was required to sell its interest in the Motiva Enterprises LLC joint venture to Shell Oil Company and Saudi Refining Inc. To assess the possible impact of moving the proposed EECP host site to a ChevronTexaco refinery, samples of petroleum coke from two ChevronTexaco refineries were sent to MTC for bench-scale testing. The results of the analysis of these samples were compared to the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis developed for Motiva's Port Arthur Refinery. The analysis confirms that if the proposed EECP is moved to a new refinery site, the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis would have to be updated. The lower sulfur content of the two samples from the ChevronTexaco refineries indicates that if one of these sites were selected, the Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU) might be sized smaller than the current EECP design. This would reduce the capital expense of the SRU. Additionally, both ChevronTexaco samples have a higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio than the Motiva Port Arthur petroleum coke. The higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio could give a slightly higher F-T products yield from the F-T Synthesis Reactor. However, the EECP Gasification Design Basis can not be updated until the site for the proposed EECP site is finalized. Until the site is finalized, the feedstock (petroleum coke) characteristics are a low risk to the EECP project.

Abdalla H. Ali; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was developed to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 identified as potential technical risks to the EECP the fuel/engine performance and emissions of the F-T diesel fuel products. Hydrotreating the neat F-T diesel product reduces potentially reactive olefins, oxygenates, and acids levels and alleviates corrosion and fuel stability concerns. Future coproduction plants can maximize valuable transportation diesel by hydrocracking the F-T Synthesis wax product to diesel and naphtha. The upgraded neat F-T diesel, hydrotreater F-T diesel, and hydrocracker F-T diesel products would be final blending components in transportation diesel fuel. Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 successfully carried out fuel lubricity property testing, fuel response to lubricity additives, and hot-start transient emission tests on a neat F-T diesel product, a hydrocracker F-T diesel product, a blend of hydrotreater and hydrocracker F-T diesel products, and a Tier II California Air Resources Board (CARB)-like diesel reference fuel. Only the neat F-T diesel passed lubricity inspection without additive while the remaining three fuel candidates passed with conventional additive treatment. Hot-start transient emission tests were conducted on the four fuels in accordance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Test Procedure (FTP) specified in Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 86, and Subpart N on a rebuilt 1991 Detroit Diesel Corporation Series 60 heavy-duty diesel engine. Neat F-T diesel fuel reduced oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), total particulate (PM), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and the Soluble Organic Fraction (SOF) by 4.5%, 31%, 50%, 29%, and 35%, respectively, compared to the Tier II CARB-like diesel. The hydrocracker F-T diesel product and a blend of hydrocracker and hydrotreater F-T diesel products also reduced NO{sub x}, PM, HC, CO and SOF by 13%, 16% to 17%, 38% to 63%, 17% to 21% and 21% to 39% compared to the Tier II CARB-like diesel. The fuel/engine performance and emissions of the three F-T diesel fuels exceed the performance of a Tier II CARB-like diesel. Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 successfully met the lubricity property testing and F-T diesel fuel hot-start transient emissions test objectives. The results of the testing help mitigate potential economic risks on obtaining a premium price for the F-T diesel fuel

Fred D. Brent; Lalit Shah; Earl Berry; Charles H. Schrader; John Anderson; J. Erwin; Matthew G. Banks; Terry L. Ullman

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

255

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals Lab demolition projects under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act have...

256

Early Oak Ridge Trailer Homes | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Oak Ridge Trailer ... Early Oak Ridge Trailer Homes A row of trailer homes used in early Oak Ridge...

257

Residential Two-Stage Gas Furnaces - Do They Save Energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of two-stage furnaces with BPM motors provides electricityof two-stage furnaces with BPM motors provides electricityPSC) and brushless permanent magnet (BPM) 1 . PSC motors are

Lekov, Alex; Franco, Victor; Lutz, James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Direct Refrigeration from Heat Recovery Using 2-Stage Absorption Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorption chiller which can produce chilled water 44% more efficiently than the conventional single stage absorption chillers. The new 2-stage parallel flow system makes the chiller package more compact, more efficient, and easier to operate. Many types...

Hufford, P. E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Protein Folding Simulation by Two-Stage Optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a two-stage optimization approach for protein folding simulation in the FCC lattice, inspired from...

A. Dayem Ullah; L. Kapsokalivas; M. Mann…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING A SCENARIO AND PERPETUAL MOTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 1 FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING A SCENARIO AND PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINES OF THE THIRD KIND Peter to a notion of staging free energy: the free energy invested in choreographing all the actors of a biochemical \\offprintinfo{(Title, Edition)}{(Author)} at the beginning of your document. 1 #12;2 FREE ENERGIES OF STAGING

Salamon, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Two-stage and Three-stage Virtual Impactor System for Bioaerosol Concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Arizona Fine Road Dust (ARD A-2) particles, the transmission efficiency dropped to 50% when the dust entering the two-stage CSVI accumulated to about 100 mg. When it was tested with ASHRAE dust, a decrease of 43% in the efficiency was detected after more...

Wen, Jing

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

262

SCHEDA OFFERTA DI STAGE/LAVORO: X STAGE (durata mesi: 6 mesi )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controllo, sistemi di home e building automation, Il/La tiocinante sarĂ  inserito/a in stage per un periodo Products, Power Systems, Low Voltage Products, Process Automation, Discrete Automation and Motion. All: http://www.unipv.eu/on- line/Home/Didattica.html) X Studente/laureando X Laureato Tipo laurea X LT

Segatti, Antonio

263

Third-stage turbine bucket airfoil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The third-stage buckets have airfoil profiles substantially in accordance with Cartesian coordinate values of X, Y and Z set forth in inches in Table I wherein Z is a perpendicular distance from a plane normal to a radius of the turbine centerline and containing the X and Y values with the Z value commencing at zero in the X, Y plane at the radially innermost aerodynamic section of the airfoil and X and Y are coordinates defining the airfoil profile at each distance Z. The X, Y and Z values may be scaled as a function of the same constant or number to provide a scaled-up or scaled-down airfoil section for the bucket.

Pirolla, Peter Paul (Greenville, SC); Siden, Gunnar Leif (Greenville, SC); Humanchuk, David John (Simpsonville, SC); Brassfield, Steven Robert (Cincinnati, OH); Wilson, Paul Stuart (New Richmond, OH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Molecular cloning of the complementary DNA and expression of the endometrial oxytocin receptor during early pregnancy in ewes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULAR CLONING OF THE COMPLEMENTARY DNA AND EXPRESSION OF THE ENDOMETRIAL OXYTOCIN RECEPTOR DURING EARLY PREGNANCY IN EWES A Thesis by Makiko Suzuki Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...-Southern analysis from different stages of the estrous cycle (Days 0, 8, 13) and early pregnancy (Day 11 of pregnancy). All the samples examined showed the presence of mRNA for oxytocin receptor. This study facilitated the further analyses including...

Suzuki, Makiko

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

New and Underutilized Technology: Multi-stage Indirect Evaporative Cooling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Multi-stage Indirect Evaporative Multi-stage Indirect Evaporative Cooling New and Underutilized Technology: Multi-stage Indirect Evaporative Cooling October 4, 2013 - 4:33pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for multi-stage evaporative cooling within the Federal sector. Benefits Multi-stage indirect evaporative cooling is an advanced evaporative cooler that can lower air temperatures without adding moisture. These systems evaporate water in a secondary (or working) airstream, which is discharged in multiple stages. No water or humidity is added to the primary (or product) airstream in the process. Application Multi-stage indirect evaporative cooling is applicable in office, research and development, service, and school applications. Climate and Regional Considerations

266

EA-0688: Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

688: Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, 688: Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas EA-0688: Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct the Hazardous Waste Staging Facility that would help to alleviate capacity problems as well as provide a single compliant facility to stage wastes at the U.S. Department of Energy's Pantex Plant in Amarillo, Texas. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD January 29, 1993 EA-0688: Finding of No Significant Impact Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas January 29, 1993 EA-0688: Final Environmental Assessment Hazardous Waste Staging Facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas

267

Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) mission trades  

SciTech Connect

Solar thermal propulsion and propulsion/power systems were recently identified as key technologies in the Operational Effectiveness and Cost Comparison Study (OECS) sponsored by Phillips Laboratory (PL). These technologies were found to be pervasively cost effective with short transfer times and very good performance across a wide range of missions. The on-going Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) Program sponsored by PL represents development of a solar thermal propulsion/power (bimodal) system. As part of this effort, mission trades are being conducted to further define the ISUS system for geosynchronous equatorial orbit (GEO), high Earth orbit (HEO-Molniya class), and mid Earth orbit (MEO-GPS class) missions. These trades will consider launch vehicles ranging in size from a LLV3 to an Atlas IIAS that insert the ISUS into low Earth orbit (LEO). These trades will be used to define the ISUS system for the planned Engine Ground Demonstration, a space demonstration mission, and as a future operational system.

Frye, P. [Rockwell Aerospace, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Former Worker Program - Early Lung Cancer Detection Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Former Worker Program (FWP) Former Worker Program (FWP) Home Covered Sites/Populations › Construction Worker Screening Projects › Production Worker Screening Projects › Supplemental Screening Program › Beryllium Vendor Screening Program Upcoming Events Program Implementation Outreach Medical Screening - Conventional Medical Screening - Early Lung Cancer Detection Communicating Results Protecting Participant Information Sharing De-identified Data Chronic Beryllium Disease Awareness Joint Outreach Task Group (JOTG) Worker Testimonials Contact Us FWP Scientific Publications FWP Documents Related Links Office of Health and Safety Home Page HSS Logo Early Lung Cancer Detection Program Former Worker Medical Screening Program (FWP) Since 2000, DOE has made screening for occupational lung cancer with low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) scans available to workers at high risk for lung cancer. Because former workers undertook essential activities to fulfill the Department's mission, many of them were at risk for lung cancer. Through the FWP, DOE initiated the Early Lung Cancer Detection (ELCD) program using low-dose helical CT scans to detect lung cancers at an earlier, more treatable stage. Lung cancer results in about 160,000 deaths in the U.S. every year. The most common causes of lung cancer are long-term exposures to tobacco smoke and residential radon emissions, but occupational hazards, such as asbestos and ionizing radiation, also cause or contribute to the disease.

269

A Staged Muon Accelerator Facility For Neutrino and Collider Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon-based facilities offer unique potential to provide capabilities at both the Intensity Frontier with Neutrino Factories and the Energy Frontier with Muon Colliders. They rely on a novel technology with challenging parameters, for which the feasibility is currently being evaluated by the Muon Accelerator Program (MAP). A realistic scenario for a complementary series of staged facilities with increasing complexity and significant physics potential at each stage has been developed. It takes advantage of and leverages the capabilities already planned for Fermilab, especially the strategy for long-term improvement of the accelerator complex being initiated with the Proton Improvement Plan (PIP-II) and the Long Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF). Each stage is designed to provide an R&D platform to validate the technologies required for subsequent stages. The rationale and sequence of the staging process and the critical issues to be addressed at each stage, are presented.

Delahaye, Jean-Pierre; Brice, Stephen; Bross, Alan David; Denisov, Dmitri; Eichten, Estia; Holmes, Stephen; Lipton, Ronald; Neuffer, David; Palmer, Mark Alan; Bogacz, S Alex; Huber, Patrick; Kaplan, Daniel M; Snopok, Pavel; Kirk, Harold G; Palmer, Robert B; Ryne, Robert D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Analyses of two-stage coal liquefaction processes  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this study was to identify the most promising coal liquefaction configuration. Investigators evaluated six process configurations that have been tested at the Wilsonville facility and Lummus Crest. Plants with one- and two-reactor stages were included. The investigators evaluated both nonintegrated and integrated (interstate recycle) versions of the two-stage concept. They also looked at variations of the integrated mode, including short contact time versus back-mixed first stages, antisolvent versus critical solvent de-ashing, and coupled reactors versus interstage de-ashing. They performed sensitivity analyses to determine the effects of reducing the number of hydrotreater (second-stage) reactors either by increasing the catalyst replacement rate or by using a catalytic first-stage reactor in place of a thermal first-stage reactor. 15 figs., 54 tabs.

Peluso, M. (Lummus Crest, Inc., Bloomfield, NJ (USA))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Two Stage Stochastic Equilibrium Model for Electricity Markets ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 6, 2008 ... A Two Stage Stochastic Equilibrium Model for Electricity Markets with Two Way Contracts. Dali Zhang (zhangdl ***at*** soton.ac.uk) Huifu Xu ...

Dali Zhang

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

272

Optimizing Treatment Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells by Reactor Staging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimizing Treatment Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells by Reactor Staging ... Multi-unit optimization is a recently proposed method that uses multiple similar units to optimize process performance. ...

Roberto P. Pinto; Boris Tartakovsky; Michel Perrier; Bala Srinivasan

2010-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

273

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Two-Stage, Integrated, Geothermal...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Two-Stage, Integrated, Geothermal-CO2 Storage Reservoirs: An Approach for Sustainable Energy Production, CO2-Sequestration Security, and Reduced Environmental Risk Geothermal...

274

For Early Adopters | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

For Early Adopters For Early Adopters Many people consider hydrogen and fuel cells to be longer-term technologies, but they're beginning to enter the market now in certain...

275

Changes of the Hepatic Proteome in Hepatitis B-Infected Mouse Model at Early Stages of Fibrosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mass signals were then used for database searching using the MASCOT peptide fingerprinting search program (Matrix Science, Boston, MA), available on the Internet. ... Tonge, R.; Shaw, J.; Middleton, B.; Rowlinson, R.; Rayner, S.; Young, J.; Pognan, F.; Hawkins, E.; Currie, I.; Davison, M. Validation and development of fluorescence two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis proteomics technology Proteomics 2001 1 3 377 396 ... abuse starting at a younger age. ...

Daniela Spano; Flora Cimmino; Mario Capasso; Fulvio D’Angelo; Nicola Zambrano; Luigi Terracciano; Achille Iolascon

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

276

How are the Perceptions of Learning Networks Shaped Among School Professionals and Headteachers at an Early Stage in their Introduction?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...żQUÉ IDEA SE FORMAN LOS PROFESIONALES Y TUTORES DE CURSO SOBRE LAS REDES DE APRENDIZAJE EN UNA FASE TEMPRANA DE ... de explorar el proceso de introducciÓn de diez redes de aprendizaje que abarcan diferentes in...

Mark O’Brien; Tünde Varga-Atkins; Diana Burton…

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The mucosal/epithelial barrier disruption and transport of pancreatic digestive enzymes in early stages of intestinal ischemia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Following reduced blood flow or trauma (e.g. in a car accident, explosion, burn, major surgery) a cascade of reactions leads to Shock and subsequently multi-organ… (more)

Chang, Marisol

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Automated Quantitative Analysis of HDM2 Expression in Malignant Melanoma Shows Association with Early-Stage Disease and Improved Outcome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...NIH Grant K0-8 ES11571 (R. Camp), C. J. Swebilius Award...issues as we approach the 21st century. J Am Acad Dermatol 1996...Med 1998;4:844-7. 16 Camp RL, Chung GG, Rimm DL Automated...Med 2002;8:1323-7. 17 Camp RL, Dolled-Filhart M, King...

Aaron J. Berger; Robert L. Camp; Kyle A. DiVito; Harriet M. Kluger; Ruth Halaban; and David L. Rimm

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Abstract OT2-5-02: Randomized trial evaluating a coordinated survivorship care program for early stage breast cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of survivorship care plans to improve the quality...and survivorship care plan shared with the patient...year) compared with standard follow-up care. Participants...and medical record review is performed at the end...care program compared to standard follow-up care on patients...

KJ Ruddy; EL Baker; H Guo; MJ Goldstein; EP Winer; LN Shulman; and AH Partridge

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

A First Language. The Early Stages. Roger Brown, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1973. xx, 438 pp., illus. $15  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the air with dust from mining, crushing, and disposal...the same condition as Appalachia. There is no doubt that...been cornered for surface coal mining. One would think that...in place of sulfureous coal, for generating electricity...

Martin D. S. Braine

1974-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Patient, Hospital, and Neighborhood Factors Associated with Treatment of Early-Stage Breast Cancer among Asian American Women in California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2012 research-article Research Articles Patient, Hospital, and Neighborhood Factors Associated with Treatment...Americans ethnicities, and additional factors including hospital [smaller hospital size, not National Cancer Institute cancer center...

Scarlett Lin Gomez; David J. Press; Daphne Lichtensztajn; Theresa H.M. Keegan; Sarah J. Shema; Gem M. Le; Allison W. Kurian

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 245429 (2012) Ab initio atomistic thermodynamics study of the early stages of Cu(100) oxidation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cluding methane synthesis,1­3 catalytic conversion of nitrogen oxides,4 water-gas shift,5,6 and preventing for oxygen chemical potentials below the nucleation limit of Cu2O, they are likely to exist due to kinetic

McGaughey, Alan

283

Microtubule mediation of cytoplasmic and nuclear maturation during the early stages of resumed meiosis in cultured mouse oocytes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...passed through the peri- nuclear mitochondrial layer...concentrate the limited energy- producing capacity...that a deficiency of nuclear envelope-associated...oocytes is due to an energy deficiency rather than...through small breaks in the nuclear envelope (19). Although...

J Van Blerkom

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Int6 Expression Can Predict Survival in Early-Stage Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...were then purified by ethanol precipitation and resuspended in 25 to 50...may begin during the first phases of the neoplastic growth...207-17. 10 Yahalom A, Kim TH, Winter E, Karniol B, von Arnim AG...classification of tumors: histological typing of lung and pleural tumors...

Fiamma Buttitta; Carla Martella; Fabio Barassi; Lara Felicioni; Simona Salvatore; Sandra Rosini; Tommaso D'Antuono; Antonio Chella; Felice Mucilli; Rocco Sacco; Andrea Mezzetti; Franco Cuccurullo; Robert Callahan; and Antonio Marchetti

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Influences of TNT-Food Pairings on the Performance of Mine Detection Rats in Early Training Stages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Anti-Persoonsmijnen Ontmijnende Product Ontwikkeling (APOPO), a Belgian nongovernmental organization headquartered in Tanzania, trains giant African pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) to detect land mines and… (more)

Edwards, Timothy L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Evaluating low oxygen and pH variation and its effects on invertebrate early life stages on upwelling margins /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

variability of dissolved oxygen and pH in a nearshoreSAN DIEGO Evaluating low oxygen and pH variation and itsof carbonate chemistry, oxygen saturation, and temperature.

Frieder, Christina A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Genome-wide Transcriptome Analysis of Laminar Tissue During the Early Stages of Experimentally Induced Equine Laminitis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Homer and Dr. Rebecca Carter at the Laminitis Institute at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Christopher C. Pollitt, Dr. Andrew Van Eps and Ms. Melody De Laat at the Australian Equine Laminitis Research Unit, University of Queensland and Dr. James Belknap...-specific DNA Binding Protein 2 ix DDF Deep Digital Flexor DE Differentially Expressed DEFB4 Defensin, Beta 4 DMSO Dimethylsufoxide ECD Equine Cushing?s Disease ECEL1 Endothelin Converting Enzyme-like 1 ECM Extracellular Matrix EEF1A1 Eukaryotic...

Wang, Jixin

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

288

Changes in Stem Cell Populations of Rat Tracheal Epithelial Cell Cultures at an Early Stage in Neoplastic Progression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cells to form colonies after 7 days with a CFE of 2 to 10%. Removal of the feeder cells...trach alepithelial; EG, enhanced growth; CFE, colony-forming efficiency; CFU, colony-forming...formed colonies within 5 to 7 days, with a CFE of 2 to 10%. The morphology and size of...

David Thomassen; J. Carl Barrett; Diane K. Beeman; Paul Nettesheim

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Protein Folding Simulation by Two-Stage Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein Folding Simulation by Two-Stage Optimization A. Dayem Ullah1 , L. Kapsokalivas1 , M. Mann2 propose a two-stage optimization approach for protein folding simulation in the FCC lattice, inspired from procedure based on simulated annealing alone. 1 Introduction The question of how proteins fold and whether

Will, Sebastian

290

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy D. Panasenko, A. J. Shu, C. B., Berkeley, California 94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is an efficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser driven accelerators and necessary for reaching high energies

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

291

Chapter Number 18 Two stage approaches for modeling pollutant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter Number 18 Two stage approaches for modeling pollutant emission of diesel engine based) emissions, and fuel consumption. In the first stage, we estimate the response directly from the controllable for the manufacturers to be able to produce fuel-economic vehicles, which respect pollutant emissions standards

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Lithium intercalated graphite : experimental Compton profile for stage one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-301 Lithium intercalated graphite : experimental Compton profile for stage one G. Loupias, J différence des profils Compton est compatible avec un transfert total de l'électron de conduction du lithium électronique due à l'insertion. Abstract. 2014 Electron momentum distribution of the first stage lithium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

Combined fuel and air staged power generation system  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for generation of electric power employing fuel and air staging in which a first stage gas turbine and a second stage partial oxidation gas turbine power operated in parallel. A first portion of fuel and oxidant are provided to the first stage gas turbine which generates a first portion of electric power and a hot oxidant. A second portion of fuel and oxidant are provided to the second stage partial oxidation gas turbine which generates a second portion of electric power and a hot syngas. The hot oxidant and the hot syngas are provided to a bottoming cycle employing a fuel-fired boiler by which a third portion of electric power is generated.

Rabovitser, Iosif K; Pratapas, John M; Boulanov, Dmitri

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

294

A Design Guide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows. CaliforniaGuide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows. CaliforniaGUIDE FOR EARLY-MARKET ELECTROCHROMIC WINDOWS Prepared For:

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

White House honors Los Alamos physicist's early career work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White House honors physicist's early career work White House honors Los Alamos physicist's early career work Ivan Vitev has received a prestigious Presidential Early Career Award...

296

Two-stage thermal/nonthermal waste treatment process  

SciTech Connect

An innovative waste treatment technology is being developed in Los Alamos to address the destruction of hazardous organic wastes. The technology described in this report uses two stages: a packed bed reactor (PBR) in the first stage to volatilize and/or combust liquid organics and a silent discharge plasma (SDP) reactor to remove entrained hazardous compounds in the off-gas to even lower levels. We have constructed pre-pilot-scale PBR-SDP apparatus and tested the two stages separately and in combined modes. These tests are described in the report.

Rosocha, L.A.; Anderson, G.K.; Coogan, J.J.; Kang, M.; Tennant, R.A.; Wantuck, P.J.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

AEO2010 Early Release Overview  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10 10 Early Release Overview December 2009 Energy Trends to 2035 In preparing the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 (AEO- 2010), the Energy Information Administration (EIA) evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets. This overview focuses primarily on one case, the AEO2010 reference case, which is presented and com- pared with the updated Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (updated AEO2009) reference case released in April 2009 1 (see Table 1). Because of the uncertainties in- herent in any energy market projection, particularly in periods of high price volatility, rapid market trans- formation, or active changes in legislation, the refer- ence case results should not be viewed in isolation. Readers are encouraged to review the alternative cases when the complete AEO2010 publication is re- leased in order to gain perspective on how variations

298

Thermal to Nonthermal Energy Partition at the Early Rise Phase of Solar Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In some flares, the thermal component appears much earlier than the nonthermal component in the X-ray range. Using sensitive microwave observations, we revisit this finding made by Battaglia et al. based on a thorough analysis of RHESSI data. We have found that nonthermal microwave emission produced by accelerated electrons with energy of at least several hundred keV appears as early as the thermal soft X-ray emission, indicating that the electron acceleration takes place at the very early flare phase. The non-detection of the hard X-rays at that early stage of the flares is thus an artifact of a limited RHESSI sensitivity. In all of the considered events, the microwave emission intensity increases at the early flare phase. We found that either thermal or nonthermal gyrosynchrotron emission can dominate the low-frequency (optically thick) part of the microwave spectrum below the spectral peak occurring at 3-10 GHz. In contrast, the high-frequency optically thin part of the spectrum is always formed by the nonthermal, accelerated electron component, whose power-law energy spectrum can extend up to a few MeV at this early flare stage. This means that even though the total number of accelerated electrons is small at this stage, their nonthermal spectrum is fully developed. This implies that an acceleration process of available seed particles is fully operational. While creation of this seed population (the process commonly called "injection" of the particles from the thermal pool into the acceleration process) has a rather low efficiency at this stage, the plasma heating efficiency is high. This imbalance between the heating and acceleration (in favor of the heating) is difficult to reconcile within most of available flare energization models. Being reminiscent of the trade off between the Joule heating and runaway electron acceleration, it puts additional constraints on the electron injection into the acceleration process. As a byproduct of this study, we demonstrate that for those cases when the optically thick part of the radio spectrum is dominated by the thermal contribution, the microwave spectral data yield reliable estimates of the magnetic field and source area at the early flare phase.

Alexander A. Altyntsev; Gregory D. Fleishman; Sergey V. Lesovoi; Nataliia S. Meshalkina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AEO2014 Early Release Overview AEO2014 Early Release Overview Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Full Report Release Date: Early Spring 2014 | correction | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383ER(2014) This release is an abridged version of the Annual Energy Outlook that highlights changes in the AEO Reference case projections for key energy topics. The Early Release includes data tables for the Reference case only. The AEO2014 full version will be released early Spring 2014. Download the AEO2014 Early Release Report Introduction In preparing the AEO2014 Reference case, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets. This overview presents the AEO2014 Reference case and compares it with the AEO2013 Reference case

300

Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process (Redirected from Low Emission Development Strategies Methodology) Jump to: navigation, search Stage 1 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Jump to: navigation, search Stage 4 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

302

Approximation Algorithms for 2-Stage Stochastic Scheduling Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been a series of results deriving approximation algorithms for 2-stage discrete stochastic optimization problems, in which the probabilistic component of the input is given by means of "black box", from which the algorithm "learns" the distribution ...

David B. Shmoys; Mauro Sozio

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Low Temperature Stage in Electron Microscope for Study on Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......superconductors. The elementary magnetic property of superconductors...of the superconducting resistance-transition must be connected...stage to be movable. 2. Electric lead wires Electric lead...experiment by measuring the resistance of the specimen by the......

Tomoyuki MIYAZAKI; Ryozo AOKI; Bunjyu SHINOZAKI; Shigeru YAMASHITA

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Span-Wise Mixing in a Multi-Stage Compressor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPAN-WISE MIXING IN A MULTI-STAGE COMPRESSOR SPAN-WISE MIXING IN A MULTI-STAGE COMPRESSOR Penn State Bud Lakshminarayana (Cengiz Camci) #036 * Phenomena that have eluded gas turbine designers include the effects of rotor-stator interactions and the physics of mixing of velocity, pressure, temperature and velocity fields. * Compressor tests were conducted in a three stage compressor where deterministic unsteadiness and random fluctuations causing spanwise mixing are realistically replicated . This provided valuable information on rotor stator interaction effects and the nature of the unsteadiness. * Multi-stage compressor energy efficiency improvements are only possible by careful implementation of spanwise mixing models into modern CFD codes (Computational Fluid Dynamics) . *This investigation provided results that are extremely helpful in improving computer

305

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

306

Dynamics of Sleep Stage Transitions in Health and Disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sleep dynamics emerges from complex interactions between neuronal populations in many brain regions. Annotated sleep stages from electroencephalography (EEG) recordings could potentially provide a non?invasive way to obtain valuable insights into the mechanisms of these interactions and ultimately into the very nature of sleep regulation. However to date sleep stage analysis has been restricted only very recently expanding the scope of the traditional descriptive statistics to more dynamical concepts of the duration of and transitions between vigilance states and temporal evaluation of transition probabilities among different stages. Physiological and/or pathological implications of the dynamics of sleep stage transitions have to date not been investigated. Here we study detailed duration and transition statistics among sleep stages in healthy humans and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome known to be associated with disturbed sleep. We find that the durations of waking and non?REM sleep in particular deep sleep (Stages III and IV) during the nighttime follow a power?law probability distribution function while REM sleep durations follow an exponential function suggestive of complex underlying mechanisms governing the onset of light sleep. We also find a substantial number of REM to non?REM transitions in humans while this transition is reported to be virtually non?existent in rats. Interestingly the probability of this REM to non?REM transition is significantly lower in the patients than in controls resulting in a significantly greater REM to awake together with Stage I to awake transition probability. This might potentially account for the reported poor sleep quality in the patients because the normal continuation of sleep after either the lightest or REM sleep is disrupted. We conclude that the dynamical transition analysis of sleep stages is useful for elucidating yet?to?be?determined human sleep regulation mechanisms with a pathophysiological implication.

Akifumi Kishi; Zbigniew R. Struzik; Benjamin H. Natelson; Fumiharu Togo; Yoshiharu Yamamoto

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Early Childhood Experiences Conference on October 30  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Childhood Experiences Conference Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: Dec. 2014 - Jan. 2015 All Issues...

308

STARTech Early Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Partnership (investment, law etc) ) References: STARTech Early Ventures1 This article is a stub. You can...

309

Atlas of Chiefdoms and Early States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

file published with the Atlas has variable names and valuein subsequent editions of this Atlas the simple dichotomythe title suggests, this is an atlas of chiefdoms and early

Wright, Henry T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Unconventional Staging Package Selection Leads to Cost Savings  

SciTech Connect

In late 2010, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Secretary of Energy, Daniel Poneman, directed that an analysis be conducted on the U-233 steel-clad, Zero Power Reactor (ZPR) fuel plates that were stored at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), focusing on cost savings and any potential DOE programmatic needs for the special nuclear material (SNM). The NA-162 Nuclear Criticality Safety Program requested retention of these fuel plates for use in experiments at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). A Secretarial Initiative challenged ORNL to make the first shipment to the NNSS by the end of the 2011 calendar year, and this effort became known as the U-233 Project Accelerated Shipping Campaign. To meet the Secretarial Initiative, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), the NNSS Management and Operations contractor, was asked to facilitate the receipt and staging of the U-233 fuel plates in the Device Assembly Facility (DAF). Because there were insufficient staging containers available for the fuel plates, NSTec conducted an analysis of alternatives. The project required a staging method that would reduce the staging footprint while addressing nuclear criticality safety and radiation exposure concerns. To accommodate an intermediate staging method of approximately five years, the NSTec project team determined that a unique and unconventional staging package, the AT-400R, was available to meet the project requirements. By using the AT-400R containers, NSTec was able to realize a cost savings of approximately $10K per container, a total cost savings of nearly $450K.

,

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

MHK Technologies/Centipod | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centipod Centipod < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Centipod.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ecomerit Technologies LLC see Dehlsen Associates LLC Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Centipod ocean wave generating system a horizontally stable floating platform optimally yawed active to wavefront exposure has flotation pods driving hydraulic rams Fluid drives the hydroelectric generating system providing cost competitive electric power Mooring Configuration Proprietary Technology Dimensions Device Testing

312

MHK Technologies/Finavera Buoy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Finavera Buoy Finavera Buoy < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Finavera Buoy.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Oregon Iron Works Inc Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Point Absorber - Floating Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description MARINE DIVISION Oregon Iron Works Inc OIW has a globally recognized Marine Division with a wide range of advanced accomplishments from custom design prototype development Fabricate OPT Power Take Off 2007 Design Build Finavera Buoy 2007 Fabricate OPT Next Generation Buoy 2008 2009 large scale production outfitting electrical mechanical hydraulic pneumatic

313

MHK Technologies/Tidal Barrage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barrage Barrage < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Tidal Barrage.jpg Technology Profile Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Cross Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description No information provided Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 01:04.7 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Tidal_Barrage&oldid=681672" Category: Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

314

MHK Technologies/Mobil Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHK Technologies/Mobil Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform MHK Technologies/Mobil Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Mobil Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Aqua Magnetics Inc Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Reciprocating Device Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform SECOP consists of submersible hulls supporting a raised work platform containing a number of AMI s reciprocating electric generators Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 34:44.5 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from

315

Physical conditions on the early Earth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the emergence of life on the early Earth organized by S. Leach, I. W. M. Smith...Cockell Physical conditions on the early Earth Jonathan I Lunine * * ( jlunine@lpl...AZ 85721, USA. The formation of the Earth as a planet was a large stochastic process...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Early LHC Prospects for Exotic Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early LHC Prospects for Exotic Physics Tim M.P. Tait West Coast LHC @ UCSC May 21, 2010 University of California, Irvine #12;Outline Resources Comparing LHC0.5 with Tevatron Resonances Fourth Generation Quarks #12;Resources I agreed to speak about what early LHC running can tell us about some exotic physics

California at Santa Cruz, University of

317

Modeling the two stages of surfactant-aided soil washing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new insights into modelling the distribution of hydrophobic compounds between soil and water phases in the presence of nonionic surfactant micelles. Experimental measurements were made of various systems comprising a non-ionic surfactant, five soils of different fractional organic carbon contents, and a hydrophobic (disperse) dye. Soil-washing performance was quantified using reciprocal surfactant-soil solubilization coefficients (1/Kd). Two stages of partitioning were identified. In stage 1, the dye concentration increased slightly with increasing surfactant dose until surfactant monomers saturated the bulk solution at the critical micelle concentration (cmc). The washing performance was 1 : 1 proportional to the surfactant monomer concentration. Most of the surfactant in this stage is sorbed. In stage 2, above the cmc, soil-washing performance increased linearly with increasing available surfactant micelles in the bulk solution. Reciprocal surfactant-soil solubilization coefficients (1/Kd), octanol–water partition coefficients (Kow), fractional organic carbon content of the soil ( foc), and surfactant concentration were correlated for each stage in the soil-washing process using two simple equations.

W Chu; W.S So

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Method for encapsulating hazardous wastes using a staged mold  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A staged mold and method for stabilizing hazardous wastes for final disposal by molding an agglomerate of the hazardous wastes and encapsulating the agglomerate. Three stages are employed in the process. In the first stage, a first mold body is positioned on a first mold base, a mixture of the hazardous wastes and a thermosetting plastic is loaded into the mold, the mixture is mechanically compressed, heat is applied to cure the mixture to form a rigid agglomerate, and the first mold body is removed leaving the agglomerate sitting on the first mold base. In the second stage, a clamshell second mold body is positioned around the agglomerate and the first mold base, a powdered thermoplastic resin is poured on top of the agglomerate and in the gap between the sides of the agglomerate and the second mold body, the thermoplastic is compressed, heat is applied to melt the thermoplastic, and the plastic is cooled jacketing the agglomerate on the top and sides. In the third stage, the mold with the jacketed agglomerate is inverted, the first mold base is removed exposing the former bottom of the agglomerate, powdered thermoplastic is poured over the former bottom, the first mold base is replaced to compress the thermoplastic, heat is applied to melt the new thermoplastic and the top part of the jacket on the sides, the plastic is cooled jacketing the bottom and fusing with the jacketing on the sides to complete the seamless encapsulation of the agglomerate.

Unger, Samuel L. (Los Angeles, CA); Telles, Rodney W. (Alhambra, CA); Lubowitz, Hyman R. (Rolling Hills Estates, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Stage 3a: Developing BAU Scenario | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Stage 3a: Developing BAU Scenario Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country

320

Preliminary low-level waste feed staging plan  

SciTech Connect

A Preliminary Low-Level Waste Feed Staging Plan was prepared. The plan supports the Phase I privatization effort by providing recommendations that may influence the technical content of the final request for proposal, and the interface control documents for the turnover of two double-shell tanks (DST) to the private contractors for use as feed tanks and the transfer of supernate to these tanks. Additionally, the preliminary schedule of feed staging activities will be useful to both RL and the private bidders during the contract negotiation period. A revised feed staging plan will be issued in August 1996 reflecting anticipated changes in the request for proposal, resolution of issues identified in this report, and completion of additional work scope.

Certa, P.J.

1996-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Ultra high vacuum heating and rotating specimen stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heating and rotating specimen stage provides for simultaneous specimen heating and rotating. The stage is ideally suited for operation in ultrahigh vacuum (1.times.10.sup.-9 torr or less), but is useful at atmosphere and in pressurized systems as well. A specimen is placed on a specimen holder that is attached to a heater that, in turn, is attached to a top housing. The top housing is rotated relative to a bottom housing and electrically connected thereto by electrically conductive brushes. This stage is made of materials that are compatible with UHV, able to withstand high temperatures, possess low outgassing rates, are gall and seize resistant, and are able to carry substantial electrical loading without overheating.

Coombs, III, Arthur W. (Patterson, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Ultra high vacuum heating and rotating specimen stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heating and rotating specimen stage provides for simultaneous specimen heating and rotating. The stage is ideally suited for operation in ultrahigh vacuum (1{times}10{sup {minus}9} torr or less), but is useful at atmosphere and in pressurized systems as well. A specimen is placed on a specimen holder that is attached to a heater that, in turn, is attached to a top housing. The top housing is rotated relative to a bottom housing and electrically connected thereto by electrically conductive brushes. This stage is made of materials that are compatible with UHV, able to withstand high temperatures, possess low outgassing rates, are gall and seize resistant, and are able to carry substantial electrical loading without overheating. 5 figs.

Coombs, A.W. III

1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

323

Enhancing Staging Capabilities at the Device Assembly Facility  

SciTech Connect

The radioactive material limits allowed by the Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Device Assembly Facility (DAF) can support larger quantities than the floor space will accommodate. In order to maximize the full staging bunker capability, National Security Technologies, LLC, (NSTec) is developing a plan to take advantage of these high inventory limits and evaluate staging options such as shelves, racks, and mezzanines. This plan will investigate cost and evaluate U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex-wide alternatives used at other sites (Highly Enriched Uranium Manufacturing Facility, Pantex, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, etc.) that addressed similar situations.

Kanning, R. A.; Long, R. G.; Garcia, B. O.; Williams, V. D.

2013-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

324

Experiments and Modeling of Two-Stage Combustion in Low-Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Two - - Stage Combustion in Stage Combustion in Low Low - - Emissions Diesel Engines Emissions Diesel Engines August 4, 2008 Rolf D. Reitz, Sage L. Kokjohn, Thaddeus A....

325

DEVELOPMENT OF WATER JET PLASMA MIRROR FOR STAGING OF LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STAGING OF LASER PLASMA ACCELERATORS ? Dmitriy Panasenko,Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators (LPAs) is necessary in4]. INTRODUCTION Laser Plasma Accelerators (LPAs) have now

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced pathological stage Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pathological stage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced pathological stage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 REGISTRATION Course Fees...

327

TOPOLOGY EVOLUTION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE XY FLEXURE STAGES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with increasing range of motion. When designed for a motion system, an XY flexure needs to have low cross-axes errors to reduce dependence on calibration and end-point feedback. In the absence of an additional yaw control axis, it is also important that the parasitic yaw rotation of the motion stage is minimal. A key

Awtar, Shorya

328

High Tar Reduction in a Two-Stage Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High Tar Reduction in a Two-Stage Gasifier ... At small- and medium-scale production up to 10 MWe, the gasification of biomass for use in a gas engine or gas turbine can give a significantly higher efficiency of electricity production than that of biomass in traditional steam cycle technology. ...

Peder Brandt; Elfinn Larsen; Ulrik Henriksen

2000-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

329

Aerodynamic performance measurements of a film-cooled turbine stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this research is to measure the aerodynamic performance of a film-cooled turbine stage and to quantify the loss caused by film-cooling. A secondary goal of the research is to provide a detailed breakdown of the ...

Keogh, Rory (Rory Colm), 1968-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

SINGLE STAGE GRID CONVERTERS FOR BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the power system network such as wind and solar is still a challenge in our days. Energy storage systemsSINGLE STAGE GRID CONVERTERS FOR BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE I. Trintis*, S. Munk-Nielsen*, R presents power converters for battery energy storage systems (BESS) which can interface medium- voltage

Munk-Nielsen, Stig

331

Vacuum compatible, high-speed, 2-D mirror tilt stage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact and vacuum compatible magnetic-coil driven tiltable stage that is equipped with a high efficiency reflective coating can be employed as a scanner in EUV applications. The drive electronics for the scanner is fully in situ programmable and rapidly switchable.

Denham; Paul E. (Crockett, CA)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

332

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2013 Early Release Overview AEO2013 Early Release Overview Release Date: December 5, 2012 | Report Release Schedule: April 15 - May 2, 2013 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383ER(2013) This release is an abridged version of the Annual Energy Outlook that highlights changes in the AEO Reference case projections for key energy topics. The Early Release includes data tables for the Reference case only. The AEO2013 will be released between April 15 and May 2. See release schedule. . Download the AEO2013 Early Release Report Introduction In preparing the AEO2013 Reference case, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets. This overview presents the AEO2013 Reference case and compares it with the AEO2012 Reference case

333

Early Detection Saves Lives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-dose image scanner In 2000, the WHPP added low-dose CT scanning for early lung cancer detection to the medical screening on a pilot basis at a limited number of DOE sites,...

334

Early Work on the Positron and Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early work on the positron and muon is described in an informal way with emphasis on those aspects of the work which normally would not find their way into the literature.

C. D. Anderson

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Siak, Piracy and Early Modern Malay Warfare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Warfare in the Malay world during the early modern period often depended on entangled relationships between families and trade partners, during which overt displays of power, feints and retreats, or raiding we...

Timothy P. Barnard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Those early days as we remember them (Part VII) - Met Lab & Early Argonne History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VII | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory VII | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory 1/7 Those early days as we remember them Part VlI Norman Hilberry, director of Argonne National Laboratory (seated) and Dean E. Dalquest (standing), superintendent of the laboratory's Graphic Arts division. They are examining an historic galvanometer recording of the fluctuation in a neutron density in Chicago Pile No.

337

Those early days as we remember them (Part V) - Met Lab & Early Argonne History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

V | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory V | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory 1/3 Those early days as we remember them Part V Farrington Daniels Professor Emeritus of Chemistry The University of Wisconsin Editor's note: Dr. Farrington Daniels was Director of the Metallurgical Laboratory when it became Argonne National Laboratory on July 1, 1946. At that time he returned to his chemistry professorship at the University of

338

Early Markets: Fuel Cells for Backup Power | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Backup Power Early Markets: Fuel Cells for Backup Power This fact sheet describes the advantages of using fuel cell technology for application in emergency backup power. Early...

339

Children's Development of Social Competences in Early Childhood Education.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this Master's thesis early environmental influences on children’s development of social competences were explored and an early childhood education programme aimed at fostering this… (more)

Kristiansen, Mikkel Bjelke

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Solution NMR Investigation into the Early Events of Amelogenin...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solution NMR Investigation into the Early Events of Amelogenin Nanosphere Self-Assembly Initiated with Sodium Chloride or A Solution NMR Investigation into the Early Events of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Market Transformation Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies Many private sector organizations-grocers, banks, tire and hardware...

342

Early Site Permit Demonstration Program: Station design alternatives report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the results of investigating the basis for including Station Design Alternatives (SDAs) in the regulatory guidance given for nuclear plant environmental reports (ERs), explains approaches or processes for evaluating SDAs at the early site permit (ESP) stage, and applies one of the processes to each of the ten systems or subsystems considered as SDAS. The key objective o this report s to demonstrate an adequate examination of alternatives can be performed without the extensive development f design data. The report discusses the Composite Suitability Approach and the Established Cutoff Approach in evaluating station design alternatives and selects one of these approaches to evaluate alternatives for each of the plant or station that were considered. Four types of ALWRs have been considered due to the availability of extensive plant data: System 80+, AP600, Advanced Boiling Reactor (ABWR), and Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (SBWR). This report demonstrates the feasibility of evaluating station design alternatives when reactor design detail has not been determined, quantitatively compares the potential ental impacts of alternatives, and focuses the ultimate selection of a alternative on cost and applicant-specific factors. The range of alternatives system is deliberately limited to a reasonable number to demonstrate the or to the three most commonly used at operating plants.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

: Organizing the LEDS Process : Organizing the LEDS Process Jump to: navigation, search Stage 1 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

344

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination Proposed Action: Havre Substation, Stage 03.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Havre Substation, Stage 03. Havre Substation, Stage 03. Description of Proposed Action: The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to expand the Havre Substation approximately 150 ft to the north to accommodate a new delivery service from the newly built Herron Substation by Hill County. The expansion also converts the existing 115-kV single bus into a ring bus which will improve reliability. Western is also expanding the yard to the east to accommodate the replacement of the existing control building and control boards. Number and Title of Categorical Exclusions Being Applied: 10 CFR 1021.410 Subpart D, Appendix B, B4.11: Construction of electric power substations .. . or modification of existing substations and support facilities . Regulatory Requirements for CX Determination: The DOE Guidelines for Compliance with

345

Stage 3b: Assessing Opportunities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b: Assessing Opportunities b: Assessing Opportunities Jump to: navigation, search Stage 3b LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

346

Statistical Methods and Tools for Hanford Staged Feed Tank Sampling  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to technically evaluate the current approach to staged feed sampling of high-level waste (HLW) sludge to meet waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for transfer from tank farms to the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The current sampling and analysis approach is detailed in the document titled Initial Data Quality Objectives for WTP Feed Acceptance Criteria, 24590-WTP-RPT-MGT-11-014, Revision 0 (Arakali et al. 2011). The goal of this current work is to evaluate and provide recommendations to support a defensible, technical and statistical basis for the staged feed sampling approach that meets WAC data quality objectives (DQOs).

Fountain, Matthew S.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Peterson, Reid A.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Single Stage Contactor Testing Of The Next Generation Solvent Blend  

SciTech Connect

The Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is actively pursuing the transition from the current BOBCalixC6 based solvent to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS)-MCU solvent to increase the cesium decontamination factor. To support this integration of NGS into the MCU facility the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) performed testing of a blend of the NGS (MaxCalix based solvent) with the current solvent (BOBCalixC6 based solvent) for the removal of cesium (Cs) from the liquid salt waste stream. This testing utilized a blend of BOBCalixC6 based solvent and the NGS with the new extractant, MaxCalix, as well as a new suppressor, tris(3,7dimethyloctyl) guanidine. Single stage tests were conducted using the full size V-05 and V-10 liquid-to-liquid centrifugal contactors installed at SRNL. These tests were designed to determine the mass transfer and hydraulic characteristics with the NGS solvent blended with the projected heel of the BOBCalixC6 based solvent that will exist in MCU at time of transition. The test program evaluated the amount of organic carryover and the droplet size of the organic carryover phases using several analytical methods. The results indicate that hydraulically, the NGS solvent performed hydraulically similar to the current solvent which was expected. For the organic carryover 93% of the solvent is predicted to be recovered from the stripping operation and 96% from the extraction operation. As for the mass transfer, the NGS solvent significantly improved the cesium DF by at least an order of magnitude when extrapolating the One-stage results to actual Seven-stage extraction operation with a stage efficiency of 95%.

Herman, D. T.; Peters, T. B.; Duignan, M. R.; Williams, M. R.; Poirier, M. R.; Brass, E. A.; Garrison, A. G.; Ketusky, E. T.

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

348

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication January 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site’s environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site's environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers highlights this Idaho site photo on the cover of the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. In the photo, work is under way to move spent nuclear fuel from wet storage to the safer, more permanent alternative of dry storage.

349

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication Idaho Site's Cold War Cleanup Takes Center Stage in Publication January 22, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site’s environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers focuses on the Idaho site's environmental cleanup in the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. This photo of the Engineering Test Reactor, which was decommissioned and demolished at the Idaho site, is featured in the story. The Society of American Military Engineers highlights this Idaho site photo on the cover of the latest issue of its publication, The Military Engineer. In the photo, work is under way to move spent nuclear fuel from wet storage to the safer, more permanent alternative of dry storage.

350

A two stage procedure for control structure analysis and design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two stage procedure for control structure analysis and design is proposed and investigated on a heatpump control structure synthesis problem. In the first stage qualitative process knowledge is used to suggest possible control structures, ie. measurements, actuators and feasible loop pairings for multiloop SISO (scalar) control. In the second stage frequency dependent SVD (Singular Value Decomposition) is employed on a quantitative model to indicate, whether a multivariable control strategy is called for. If scalar control is inferred to be adequate, the RGA (Relative Gain Array) method is used to synthesize loop pairings for multiloop SISO control. The proposed procedure is demonstrated using a heatpump control structure analysis and design problem. The heatpump is used on an industrial scale energy integrated distillation column. Based on qualitative knowledge the process interactions are illustrated using a \\{DYnamic\\} Quantity Interaction Diagram (DYQUID). From qualitative considerations a multiloop SISO control strategy, which concurs with intuitive engineering knowledge, is suggested. A linear state space model obtained from a non-linear simulation model is used to quantitatively analyse the control structuring problem. SVD analysis shows, that a multiloop control strategy is justified, and RGA analysis suggests the same loop structure as inferred qualitatively. Finally the overall control structure for the energy integrated distillation column is discussed in relation to experimental results.

Jens Karlsmose; Arne Koggersbřl; Niels Jensen; Sten Bay Jřrgensen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Early Fasting Is Long Lasting: Differences in Early Nutritional Conditions Reappear under Stressful  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lead to differences in growth, reproductive success and survival. Yet, under natural conditions shorterEarly Fasting Is Long Lasting: Differences in Early Nutritional Conditions Reappear under Stressful Conditions in Adult Female Zebra Finches E. Tobias Krause1 *, Mariam Honarmand1 , Jennifer Wetzel1 , Marc

Richner, Heinz

352

Property:Technology Readiness Level | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Readiness Level Readiness Level Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Technology Readiness Level Property Type Text Pages using the property "Technology Readiness Level" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/14 MW OTECPOWER + TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration MHK Technologies/AirWEC + TRL 5/6: System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + TRL 4 Proof of Concept MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering MHK Technologies/Aquantis + TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering

353

Heavy quark diffusion in pre-equilibrium stage of heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The drag and diffusion coefficients of the heavy quarks have been evaluated in the pre-equilibrium phase which is expected to be formed in the early stages of the evolving fire ball produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. The interaction of the probe with the gluon in the pre-equilibrium phase has been treated within the framework of perturbative QCD. For the pre-equilibrium gluon distribution function we have used the KLN and Classical Yang Mills(CYM) models. It is observed that the magnitude of both the transport coefficients have significant values in the pre-equilibrium phase and comparable to the magnitudes obtained for kinetically equilibrated gluonic system. However, these values are larger than the value estimated for a chemically equilibrated quark gluon plasma. The results may have significant impact on the experimental observable like the suppression and elliptic flow of single electron spectra originating from the decays of heavy mesons produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC a...

Das, Santosh K; Mazumder, Surasree; Greco, Vincenzo; Alam, Jan-e

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Assessment of a multi-stage underwater vehicle concept using a fossil-fuel Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

The Stirling Engine because of its inherent closed-cycle operation can be readily modified to work in an airless environment even if the primary source of energy is a fossil fuel. Thus, Stirling engines are well suited for use in the underwater environment and have been operated successfully in manned military submarines since the early 1980s. In recent years fossil fueled Stirling systems have been also proposed for use in small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). However, in this case the need to carry an onboard oxygen supply in a very confined space has presented a number of design difficulties. These are identified in the paper. However, if the oxidant supply to the engine is provided by the membrane extraction of dissolved oxygen from seawater and/or disposable fuel/oxidant pods are used then the UUV Stirling system becomes more attractive. If this latter concept is extended to include multi-stage vehicles then it can be shown that fossil fueled Stirlings could also be put to effective use in long range-long endurance underwater vehicular operations.

Reader, G.T.; Potter, I.J. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals LANL exceeds Early Recovery Act recycling goals Lab demolition projects under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act have recovered more than 136 tons of recyclable metal since work began last year. March 8, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

356

Early Detection Saves Lives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Early Detection Saves Lives Early Detection Saves Lives Early Detection Saves Lives September 20, 2012 - 2:39pm Addthis What does this mean for me? It can save your life. It can save the life of someone you love. The Worker Health Protection Program (WHPP) is the DOE's Former Worker Medical Screening Program at 13 DOE sites. WHPP provides free medical evaluations for selected occupational diseases every three years to eligible former DOE workers under a national medical protocol established by the DOE. WHPP is funded by the DOE and is operated by a consortium of the City University of New York, the United Steelworkers, and the Atomic Trades & Labor Council in association with clinical facilities in communities near DOE sites. The sites covered under WHPP include the K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge National

357

Energy density fluctuations in early universe  

SciTech Connect

The primordial nucleosinthesys of the element can be influenced by the transitions of phase that take place after the Big Bang, such as the QCD transition. In order to study the effect of this phase transition, in this work we compute the time evolution of thermodynamical quantities of the early universe, focusing on temperature and energy density fluctuations, by solving the relevant equations of motion using as input the lattice QCD equation of state to describe the strongly interacting matter in the early universe plasma. We also study the effect of a primordial strong magnetic field by means of a phenomenological equation of state. Our results show that small inhomogeneities of strongly interacting matter in the early Universe are moderately damped during the crossover.

Guardo, G. L.; Ruggieri, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Catania (Italy); Greco, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Catania, Italy and INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy density fluctuations in Early Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primordial nucleosinthesys of the element can be influenced by the transitions of phase that take place after the Big Bang, such as the QCD transition. In order to study the effect of this phase transition, in this work we compute the time evolution of thermodynamical quantities of the early universe, focusing on temperature and energy density fluctuations, by solving the relevant equations of motion using as input the lattice QCD equation of state to describe the strongly interacting matter in the early universe plasma. We also study the effect of a primordial strong magnetic field by means of a phenomenological equation of state. Our results show that small inhomogeneities of strongly interacting matter in the early Universe are moderately damped during the crossover.

Guardo, G L; Ruggieri, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Supersymmetry in the Very Early Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supersymmetric flat directions can have a number of important consequences in the very early universe. Depending on the form of the SUSY breaking potential arising from the finite energy density at early times, coherent production of scalar condensates can result along such directions. This leads a cosmological disaster for Polonyi type flat directions with only Planck suppressed couplings, but can give rise to the baryon asymmetry for standard model flat directions. Flat directions are also natural candidates to act as inflatons. Achieving density fluctuations of the correct magnitude generally requires an additional hidden SUSY breaking sector.

Scott Thomas

1995-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

360

Gamma-Ray Burst Early Afterglows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The successful launch and operation of NASA's Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer open a new era for the multi-wavelength study of the very early afterglow phase of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). GRB early afterglow information is essential to explore the unknown physical composition of GRB jets, the link between the prompt gamma-ray emission and the afterglow emission, the GRB central engine activity, as well as the immediate GRB environment. Here I review some of the recent theoretical efforts to address these problems and describe how the latest Swift data give answers to these outstanding questions.

Bing Zhang

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Overview of the ALCF Early Science Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALCF Early Science Program ALCF Early Science Program Timothy J . W illiams Argonne L eadership C ompu2ng F acility 2013 M iraCon W orkshop Wednesday 3 /4/2013 Session: 3 :45---4:30pm 2 § 16 projects - Large t arget a lloca-ons - Postdoc § Proposed r uns b etween M ira a cceptance a nd start of producCon § 2 billion core---hours to burn in a few months First in Mira Queue: Early Science Program h3p://esp.alcf.anl.gov 3 § MoCvaCons f or E SP: - Prepare k ey a pplica-ons f or t he a rchitecture a nd s cale o f M ira - Solidify l ibraries a nd i nfrastructure - Iden-fy s ystem p roblems § 16 Early Science projects were chosen based on computaConal and scienCfic reviews. § The p rojects h ave a r unning s tart f or d elivery o f e xciCng n ew s cience - Postdocs w ere a ssigned t o t he p rojects - ALCF

362

Evolution of self-incompatibility: Early Views  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of self-incompatibility: Early Views: Whitehouse (1950): 1. Sudden rise of angiosperms by Whitehouse (1950). Isolation of components of the self-incompatibilities paved the way to study the evolution of SIs Matton et al. (1994): Molecular data supports Bateman. Three self-incompatibility systems

Bhattacharyya, Madan Kumar

363

Heart Disease and Early Heart Attack Care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart Disease and Early Heart Attack Care Pamela Kostic, RN, CCCC, Chest Pain Coordinator, Stony Risk Factors · EHAC & Prevention #12;Heart disease includes a number of problems affecting the heart and the blood vessels in the heart. #12;Types of heart disease include: · Coronary artery disease (CAD) · Angina

Ohta, Shigemi

364

Targets for early discoveries at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Targets for early discoveries at the LHC Lian-Tao Wang University of Chicago 04/11/2011 Monday to emphasize less "well-known" or less "well-mentioned" but not "strange" channels. In the next year or so, LHC

365

High-power multi-stage Rankine cycles  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of the multi-stage Rankine cycle aiming at optimizing the power output from low-temperature heat sources such as geothermal or waste heat. A design methodology based on finite-time thermodynamics and the maximum power concept is used in which the shape and the power output of the maximum power cycle are identified and utilized to compare and evaluate different Rankine cycle configurations. The maximum power cycle provides the upper-limit power obtained from any thermodynamic cycle for specified boundary conditions and heat exchanger characteristics. It also provides a useful tool for studying power cycles and forms the basis for making design improvements.

Ibrahim, O.M. [Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.; Klein, S.A. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Method of operating a two-stage coal gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of operating an entrained flow coal gasifier (10) via a two-stage gasification process. A portion of the coal (18) to be gasified is combusted in a combustion zone (30) with near stoichiometric air to generate combustion products. The combustion products are conveyed from the combustion zone into a reduction zone (32) wherein additional coal is injected into the combustion products to react with the combustion products to form a combustible gas. The additional coal is injected into the reduction zone as a mixture (60) consisting of coal and steam, preferably with a coal-to-steam weight ratio of approximately ten to one.

Tanca, Michael C. (Tariffville, CT)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Integrated two-stage coal liquefaction studies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Studies have been undertaken to evaluate variables associated with the dissolution of coal and with the upgrading of residuum containing recycle solvent in an integrated two stage coal liquefaction process. Areas studied include dissolver solvent quality, disposable dissolver catalysts, dissolver pressure effects, non-disposable hydrotreater catalysts and distillate:residuum:coal weight ratios. In order to effectively study the effects of a residuum containing solvent on coal liquefaction at short residence times, a stirred microautoclave reactor, the ''Borgialli'' microreactor, was designed and constructed as part of this program. 24 refs., 55 figs., 52 tabs.

Silver, H.F.; Frazee, W.S.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Catalytic multi-stage liquefaction (CMSL). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The 17-day bench run CMSL-6 (227-83), on Black Thunder Mine subbituminous coal and with an approximate space velocity of 481 kg/hr/m{sup 3} (30 lb/hr/ft{sup 3}), tested the performance of a dispersed slurry catalyst in powdered form added to the first stage thermal reactor. This catalyst, based on molybdenum-containing sulfated iron oxide prepared at HTI, had about 15% moisture, 43% Fe and 7% Mo with a BET surface area of about 40 m{sup 2}/g. The second stage reactor had a partially deactivated Shell S-317 catalyst (initial age=520 kg-coal/kg-catalyst) to make the effects of the slurry catalyst more apparent and to attain a realistic equilibrium catalyst age sooner. An in-line hydrotreater was successfully employed during this run to treat atmospheric still overhead and separator overhead products. No interstage product separator was utilized in this run. For the first run condition, the catalyst additive rate was 1400-4300 ppm (of coal) Fe with 200-700 ppm Mo using a slurrying oil recycle consisting of 60% of filtered product slurry and 40% of ashy recycle (unfiltered product slurry) at a relatively low severity with first and second stage temperatures of 427{degrees}C and 413{degrees}C (800{degrees}F and 775{degrees}F), respectively. After that the additive rate was lowered to 700 ppm Fe with 100 ppm of Mo and the severity was increased with first and second stage temperatures of 441{degrees}C and 427{degrees}C (825{degrees}F and 800{degrees}F) respectively. The proportion of ashy recycle was maintained at 40% in Condition 2, and it was lowered to 25% in Condition 3. In Condition 4, the proportion of ashy recycle was set at 50%, but, because of slowing of the product slurry filtration, vacuum distillate recycle (and makeup oil) was substituted for the filtered liquid constituent of the recycled oil. With the changes of the proportion of ashy recycle the total slurry catalyst in the system (added and recycled) ranged from 860 to 6345 ppm Fe with 140 to 1030 ppm Mo.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Thermonuclear Supernovae: Simulations of the Deflagration Stage and Their Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale three-dimensional numerical simulations of the deflagration stage of a thermonuclear supernova explosion show the formation and evolution of a highly convoluted turbulent flame in a gravitational field of an expanding carbon-oxygen white dwarf. The flame dynamics is dominated by the gravity-induced Rayleigh-Taylor instability that controls the burning rate. The thermonuclear deflagration releases enough energy to produce a healthy explosion. The turbulent flame, however, leaves large amounts of unburnt and partially burnt material near the star center, whereas observations imply these materials only in outer layers. This disagreement could be resolved if the deflagration triggers a detonation.

V. N. Gamezo; A. M. Khokhlov; E. S. Oran; A. Y. Chtchelkanova; R. O. Rosenberg

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

370

Two-Stage Magnetization Reversal in Exchange Biased Bilayers  

SciTech Connect

MnF{sub 2}/Fe bilayers exhibit asymmetric magnetization reversal that occurs by coherent rotation on one side of the loop and by nucleation and propagation of domain walls on the other side of the loop. Here, we show by polarized neutron reflectometry, magnetization, and magnetotransport measurements that for samples with good crystalline ''quality'' the rotation is a two-stage process, due to coherent rotation to a stable state perpendicular to the cooling field direction. The result is remarkably asymmetrically shaped hysteresis loops.

Leighton, C.; Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Yashar, P.; Hoffmann, A.; Nogues, J.; Dura, J.; Majkrzak, C. F.; Schuller, Ivan K.

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Those early days as we remember them (Part VI) - Met Lab & Early Argonne History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VI | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory VI | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory 1/2 Those early days as we remember them Part Vl Lester C. Furney (second from right), who formerly handled public relations at Argonne and is author of the article below, is pictured here in February 1956 with (l to r) Major General D. J. Keirn, Major General James McCormack, Jr. (Ret.), and Lt. General James H. Doolittle (Ret.) during a

372

Models of the Solar Vicinity: The Metal Rich Stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a review of chemical evolution models of the solar neighborhood. I give special attention to the necessary ingredients to reproduce the observed [Xi/Fe] ratios in nearby metal and super metal rich stars, and to the chemical properties of the solar vicinity focusing on [Fe/H] > -0.1. I suggest that the observed abundance trends are due to material synthesized and ejected by intermediate mass stars with solar metallicity in the AGB stage, and also by massive stars with (super) solar metallicity in the stellar wind and supernovae stages. The required tool to build chemical evolution models that reach super-solar metallicities is the computation of stellar yields for stellar metallicities higher than the initial solar value. Based on these models it might be possible to estimate the importance of merger events in the recent history of the Galactic disk as well as the relevance of radial stellar migration from the inner to the outer regions of the Galaxy. I also present a short review of the photospheric solar abundances and their relation with the initial solar abundances.

L. Carigi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

The prospects for electric and hybrid electric vehicles: Second-stage results of a two-stage Delphi study  

SciTech Connect

This study was conducted to collect information for a technical and economic assessment of electric (EV) and hybrid (HEV) vehicles. The first-stage worldwide survey was completed in fall 1994, while the second-stage was completed by summer 1995. The paper reports results from the second round of the survey and major differences between the two rounds. This second-stage international survey obtained information from 93 expert respondents from the automotive technology field. Key results: EVs will penetrate the market first, followed by internal combustion engine HEVs, while gas turbine and fuel cell HEVs will come after 2020. By 2020, EVs and internal combustion engine HEVs will have a 15% share of the new vehicle market; they will also cost 18-50% more and will be slightly inferior to 1993 gasoline cars. AC induction motor is projected to be superior to DC and DC brushless motors by 2020, although the DC motor will be less expensive in 2000. DC brushless motors are projected to be the most expensive. Though generally declining, battery costs will remain high. EVs are believed to be effective in reducing urban emissions; however, their costs must be reduced drastically. Petroleum is expected to be the predominant fuel for hybrid vehicles through 2020. Mean energy equivalent fuel economy of electric drivetrain vehicles is projected to be 20-40% greater than for conventional vehicles in 2000, and to rise a few percents during the projection period. Respondents anticipate only a 16% increase in conventional vehicle fuel economy from 2000 to 2020.

Ng, H.K.; Anderson, J.L.; Santini, D.J.; Vyas, A.D.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Transformation Market Transformation Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies on AddThis.com... Early Adoption of Fuel Cells Early Market Applications for Fuel Cells

375

Low dose irradiation of the early vertebrate embryo and early onset of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

irradiation of the early vertebrate embryo and early onset of irradiation of the early vertebrate embryo and early onset of tissue aging Lingling Ding Georgia Health Sciences University Abstract There is considerable overlap between cellular and molecular changes that occur in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and those that occur during aging. Both processes are characterized by accumulation of persistent DNA damage (“wear and tear” on the genome), persistent oxidative stress, and depletion of stem/progenitor cells, leading to loss of repair and regenerative capacity. Here we test a hypothesis that exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation accelerates normal, aging-related tissue changes. The work was performed using a small, genetically tractable vertebrate model organism, the Japanese medaka fish (Oryzias latipes). Medaka have a

376

COMFEN 3.0: Evolution of an Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMFEN 3.0: Evolution of an Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and COMFEN 3.0: Evolution of an Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and Fenestration Systems Title COMFEN 3.0: Evolution of an Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and Fenestration Systems Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-5179E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Selkowitz, Stephen E., Robin Mitchell, Maurya McClintock, Daniel McQuillen, Andrew McNeil, and Mehry Yazdanian Conference Name BESS Conference 2011 Date Published 04/2011 Conference Location Pomona, CA Call Number LBNL-5179E Abstract Achieving a net-zero energy building cannot be done solely by improving the efficiency of the engineering systems. It also requires consideration of the essential nature of the building including factors such as architectural form, massing, orientation and enclosure. Making informed decisions about the fundamental character of a building requires assessment of the effects of the complex interaction of these factors on the resulting performance of the building. The complexity of these interactions necessitates the use of modeling and simulation tools to dynamically analyze the effects of the relationships, yet decisions about the building fundamentals are often made in the earliest stages of design, before a 'building' exists to model.

377

On the Origin of Early Superhumps in WZ Sge-Type Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of early superhumps, which are double-wave periodic modulations seen only during the earliest stage of WZ Sge-type outburst, has not been well understood. Based on recent discovery of two-armed arch-like patterns on Doppler tomograms in conjunction with early superhumps, we propose a new interpretation on the origin of early superhumps, following the new interpretation by Smak (2001) and Ogilvie (2001) of the two-armed pattern seen in IP Peg. If we consider irradiation of the elevated surface of the accretion disk caused by vertical tidal deformation, we can consistently explain the observed features on Doppler tomograms and photometric waves at the same time. We interpret that a combination of low mass-ratios (q) and low mass-transfer rates, necessary to give rise to these tidal effects, discriminate WZ Sge-type stars from other SU UMa-type dwarf novae. Based on recent fluid calculations, such an effect would be observable in higher q systems. We interpret that RZ Leo is an example of such objects.

T. Kato

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - ares-i upper stage Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Summary: stage engine would be added to Ares I-Y. For the Upper Stage (US), the production line at MSFC would... engines), eliminating Ares I-Y flight test, accelerating...

379

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing cancer stage Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cancer stage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: assessing cancer stage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Risk Assessment of Breast and...

380

On complexity of Shmoys - Swamy class of two-stage linear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 28, 2006 ... We consider a class of two-stage linear stochastic programming problems, ..... the second-stage cost associated with (x?,r?) is greater than the ...

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reliable p-median facility location problem: two-stage robust models ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plane method in the two-stage facility location problem and power system scheduling ... (ii) Because of the modeling advantages of two-stage RO, we consider real ...... Robust Unit Commitment Problem with Demand Response and Wind.

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

382

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced unresectable stage Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

stage Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced unresectable stage Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Welcome to the second issue of the...

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated sleep-wake staging Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: automated sleep-wake staging Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Uncovering the Genetic Landscape for Multiple Sleep-Wake Traits Summary: fragmentation (e.g. more stage shifts,...

384

The Parameter Optimization and Analysis of a Multi-Stage Tower Type of Solar Desalination Unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After the analysis of the multi-stage tower type of solar desalination unit[1], the unit is optimized...

Chen Ziqian; He Kaiyan; Zheng Hongfei…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2012 April 2012 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383ER(2012) This release is an abridged version of the Annual Energy Outlook that highlights changes in the AEO Reference case projections for key energy topics. The Early Release includes data tables for the Reference case only. The full AEO2011 will be released April 26, 2011. Download the AEO2011 Early Release Report Introduction In preparing the AEO2011, EIA evaluated a wide range of trends and issues that could have major implications for U.S. energy markets. This overview focuses primarily on one case, the AEO2011 Reference case, which is presented and compared with the AEO2010 Reference case released in December 2009 (see Table 1). Because of the uncertainties inherent in any energy market projection, the Reference case results should not be viewed in

386

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (Early Release)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release) > Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2005-2030) Release) > Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2005-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 (Early Release) The early release version of the AEO2008 reference case does not include consideration of the H.R.6, "Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007," that was signed into law on December 19, 2007. EIA is compiling a revised reference case that includes the impact of H.R.6. Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2005-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Reference Case Tables Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption

387

A survey of early warning technologies  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a survey of technologies useful in providing early warning in physical security systems. Early warning is important in virtually all types of security systems whether they are used for temporary (tactical, portable, or semi-permanent) applications, border warning, fixed-site detection, or standoff surveillance detection. With the exception of the standoff surveillance detection systems, all systems discussed in this paper usually involve a moving target. The fact that a person(s) to be detected in a standoff surveillance scenario is not moving presents challenging problems and requires different applications of technology. The technologies commonly used to detect moving targets and some suggestions for detection of stationary targets are addressed in this paper.

Smith, G.D.; Arlowe, H.D.; Williams, J.D.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Photochemical Escape of Oxygen from Early Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photochemical escape is an important process for oxygen escape from present Mars. In this work, a 1-D Monte-Carlo Model is developed to calculate escape rates of energetic oxygen atoms produced from O2+ dissociative recombination reactions (DR) under 1, 3, 10, and 20 times present solar XUV fluxes. We found that although the overall DR rates increase with solar XUV flux almost linearly, oxygen escape rate increases from 1 to 10 times present solar XUV conditions but decreases when increasing solar XUV flux further. Analysis shows that atomic species in the upper thermosphere of early Mars increases more rapidly than O2+ when increasing XUV fluxes. While the latter is the source of energetic O atoms, the former increases the collision probability and thus decreases the escape probability of energetic O. Our results suggest that photochemical escape be a less important escape mechanism than previously thought for the loss of water and/or CO2 from early Mars.

Zhao, Jinjin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Anticlericalism and the Early Tudor Parliament  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Anticlericalism and the Early Tudor Parliament? P.R. CAVILL Pembroke College, Cambridge This essay reconsiders one aspect of Christopher Haigh’s influential article ‘Anticlericalism and the English Reformation’. The article argued... in the governmental archive need not imply royal initiative: a petition about tithes in Romney Marsh, for instance, originated locally.36 Although the editors of Letters and Papers linked the bill to a complaint from Londoners against other oblations demanded...

Cavill, P. R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Early Standard Model measurements with ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measurement of Standard Model processes will be an important first step towards exploiting the discovery potential of the Large Hadron Collider, the highest energy accelerator ever built that will begin operation in the fall 2009. This paper presents a summary of the early physics analyses for understanding the performance of the detector as well as the Standard Model at the ATLAS experiment at 14 TeV centre of mass energy.

T. Ince; for the ATLAS collaboration

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

Black hole remnants in the early universe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the production of primordial micro black holes (MBH) remnants in the early Universe. These objects induce the Universe to be in a matter-dominated era before the onset of inflation. Effects of such an epoch on the CMB power spectrum are discussed and computed both analytically and numerically. By comparison with the latest observational data from the WMAP collaboration, we find that our model appears to explain the quadrupole anomaly of the CMB power spectrum.

Fabio Scardigli; Christine Gruber; Pisin Chen

2011-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

392

A two-stage scheme for text detection in video images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a two-stage system for text detection in video images. In the first stage, text lines are detected based on the edge map of the image leading in a high recall rate with low computational time expenses. In the second stage, the result ... Keywords: Content-based indexing, SVM, Text detection, Video OCR

Marios Anthimopoulos; Basilis Gatos; Ioannis Pratikakis

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Physics on Stage: Física en Acción increases the public's awareness of science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physics on Stage: Física en Acción increases the public's awareness of science Competition: Winner takes a trip to CERN Ireland: TruePhysics makes life simpler Czech Republic: Technology fun day highlights demand for new science centre Literary Festival: Physicists visit Hay while the Sun shines Science on Stage: Science takes stage in Germany National Convention: NSTA connects science to world Forthcoming Events

394

Staged Self-Assembly: Nanomanufacture of Arbitrary Shapes with O(1) Glues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staged Self-Assembly: Nanomanufacture of Arbitrary Shapes with O(1) Glues Erik D. Demaine Martin L We introduce staged self-assembly of Wang tiles, where tiles can be added dynamically in sequence- neering. Staging allows us to break through the traditional lower bounds in tile self-assembly by encoding

Demaine, Erik

395

Staged Self-Assembly: Nanomanufacture of Arbitrary Shapes with O(1) Glues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staged Self-Assembly: Nanomanufacture of Arbitrary Shapes with O(1) Glues Erik D. Demaine Martin L We introduce staged self-assembly of Wang tiles, where tiles can be added dynamically in sequence-based bioengineering. Staging allows us to break through the traditional lower bounds in tile self-assembly by encoding

Demaine, Erik

396

Modeling, Optimization, and Experimentation with a Two Stage Mixed Gas Cascaded Joule Thomson Cryoprobe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling, Optimization, and Experimentation with a Two Stage Mixed Gas Cascaded Joule Thomson-stage Mixed Gas Joule Thomson (MGJT) cycle is capable of providing compact cooling for cryoprobes". A computational model of a commercially available two stage MGJT cryoprobe donated by American Medical Systems

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

397

A Nested Two Stage Game-Based Optimization Framework in Mobile Cloud Computing System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Nested Two Stage Game-Based Optimization Framework in Mobile Cloud Computing System Yanzhi Wang and the cloud computing facilities. We provide a nested two stage game formulation for the MCC interaction as well as the cloud computing controller in the nested two stage game using convex optimization technique

Pedram, Massoud

398

Early strawn biostratigraphy: What is the Caddo  

SciTech Connect

Caddo limestone is used to describe parts of the lower Strawn limestone on the Eastern shelf. The lower Strawn limestone as generally deposited on an eroded Ellenburger surface, but may overlie eroded Mississippian or even Atokan rocks preserved in topographic lows on the Ellenburger surface. Above the Caddo limestone is a sequence of clastics overlain by the Goen Limestone of early Strawn age. The Goen Limestone, in turn, is overlain by clastics which are overlain by the late Strawn Capps Limestone. As long as knowledge of fusulinid zonation was restricted to rocks of early Cherokee, late Cherokee, and Marmaton age, regional correlations of these carbonate units were manageable. With refinement of zonation, however, the Caddo, Goen, and Capps limestones can be subdivided into discrete units of different age. In each of these age zones, the units are further divisible on the basis of environments of deposition and subsequent diagenesis. Current results indicate that the early Strawn carbonates are cyclical and were deposited during numerous glacio-eustatic sea level fluctuations.

Reid, A.M.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Equilibrium-staged separations: A bibliography update (1998)  

SciTech Connect

This article continues a series of annual bibliographic updates of the published literature (since 1980) on distillation and other equilibrium-staged separation processes. This paper provides a useful and quick reference source to the 1998 journal literature (from the 50 most important chemical engineering journals) for researchers in this area. The following topics are included: Distillation Theory and Design Methods; Distillation Control and Applications; Column Design Data; Absorption Reactions and Absorber Design; Cooling Towers; Liquid-Liquid Extraction; and Supercritical Extraction. A complete bibliographic listing of the chemical engineering journal literature from 1959 to 1998 (with subsequent 6 monthly updates) is available on a CD-ROM database, and full details can be obtained from the author.

Ray, M.S.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Self-regulating fuel staging port for turbine combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A port (60) for axially staging fuel and air into a combustion gas flow path 28 of a turbine combustor (10A). A port enclosure (63) forms an air path through a combustor wall (30). Fuel injectors (64) in the enclosure provide convergent fuel streams (72) that oppose each other, thus converting velocity pressure to static pressure. This forms a flow stagnation zone (74) that acts as a valve on airflow (40, 41) through the port, in which the air outflow (41) is inversely proportion to the fuel flow (25). The fuel flow rate is controlled (65) in proportion to engine load. At high loads, more fuel and less air flow through the port, making more air available to the premixing assemblies (36).

Van Nieuwenhuizen, William F.; Fox, Timothy A.; Williams, Steven

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Integrated solar upper stage (ISUS) space demonstration design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High temperature solar thermal propulsion/power systems will enable the placement of higher power satellite systems launched from smaller less expensive launch vehicles. The on-going Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) Program sponsored by Phillips Laboratory is one such solar thermal system. A system test of an engine ground test configuration of ISUS is planned for Spring 1997. The next step in the development of the ISUS system will be a flight demonstration mission. This paper details the conceptual designs for two potential ISUS space demonstration configurations. These designs were developed with a design-to-cost philosophy for a LEO (low Earth orbit) to GEO (geosynchronous equatorial orbit) and LEO to HEEO (highly elliptical Earth orbit) flight demonstration missions. Design considerations included packaging within the selected launch vehicle fairings (Pegasus XL and SSLV Taurus) system performance propellant selection ( H 2 CH 4 or NH 3 ) and 100–150 watts of power production using thermionic diodes.

Patrick Frye

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Development of Single Stage Stirling Cooler for Space Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A single?stage Stirling cooler has been developed and tested for space applications which include instrument or detector cooling and a supplemental cooler for the cryogenic system. The mechanical cooler is a free displacer type and consists of a compressor a cold head and a connecting tube. The features of this cooler are a moving cylinder clearance seal by diaphragm spring twin pole magnet system and pneumatically driven displacer. The typical cooling power is 2 W at 80 K and the input power to the cooler is 50 W without driver electronics. The total weight of the cooler is 4.2 kg. The engineering and the flight models of the cooler have been fabricated and evaluated to verify the capability for three space missions. This paper describes the design of the cooler and the results from verification tests including cooler performance test thermal vacuum test vibration test and lifetime test.

K. Narasaki; S. Tsunematsu; K. Kanao; K. Otsuka; S. Hoshika; K. Fujioka; K. Tsurumi; M. Hirabayashi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Next stages in HDR technology development. [Hot Dry Rock (HDR)  

SciTech Connect

Twenty years of research and development have brought HDR heat mining technology from the purely conceptual stage to the establishment of an engineering-scale heat mine at Fenton Hill, NM. In April 1992, a long-term flow test (LTFT) of the HDR reservoir at Fenton Hill was begun. The test was carried out under steady-state conditions on a continuous basis for four months, but a major equipment failure in late July forced a temporary suspension of operations. Even this short test provided valuable information and extremely encouraging results as summarized below: There was no indication of thermal drawdown of the reservoir. There was evidence of increasing access to hot rock with time. Water consumption was in the rangki of 10--12%. Measured pumping costs were $0.003 per kilowatt of energy produced. Temperature logs conducted in the reservoir production zone during and after the flow test confirmed the fact that there was no decline in the average temperature of the fluid being produced from the reservoir. In fact, tracer testing showed that the fluid was taking more indirect pathways and thus contacting a greater amount of hot rock as the test progressed. Water usage quickly dropped to a level of 10--15 gallons per minute, an amount equivalent to about 10--12% of the injected fluid volume. At a conversion rate of 10--15%, these would translate to effective fuel costs'' of 2--3[cents] per kilowatt hour of electricity production potential. The completion of the LTFT will set the stage for commercialization of HDR but will not bring HDR technology to maturity. Relatively samples extensions of the current technology may bring significant improvements in efficiency, and these should be rapidly investigated. In the longer run, advanced operational concepts could further improve the efficiency of HDR energy extraction and may even offer the possibility of cogeneration schemes which solve both energy and water problems throughout the world.

Duchane, D.V.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

MAGNESIUM ISOTOPE EVIDENCE FOR SINGLE STAGE FORMATION OF CB CHONDRULES BY COLLIDING PLANETESIMALS  

SciTech Connect

Chondrules are igneous spherical objects preserved in chondritic meteorites and believed to have formed during transient heating events in the solar protoplanetary disk. Chondrules present in the metal-rich CB chondrites show unusual chemical and petrologic features not observed in other chondrite groups, implying a markedly distinct formation mechanism. Here, we report high-precision Mg-isotope data for 10 skeletal olivine chondrules from the Hammadah al Hamra 237 (HH237) chondrite to probe the formation history of CB chondrules. The {sup 27}Al/{sup 24}Mg ratios of individual chondrules are positively correlated to their stable Mg-isotope composition (?{sup 25}Mg), indicating that the correlated variability was imparted by a volatility-controlled process (evaporation/condensation). The mass-independent {sup 26}Mg composition (?{sup 26}Mg*) of chondrules is consistent with single stage formation from an initially homogeneous magnesium reservoir if the observed ?{sup 25}Mg variability was generated by non-ideal Rayleigh-type evaporative fractionation characterized by a ? value of 0.5142, in agreement with experimental work. The magnitude of the mass-dependent fractionation (?300 ppm) is significantly lower than that suggested by the increase in {sup 27}Al/{sup 24}Mg values, indicating substantial suppression of isotopic fractionation during evaporative loss of Mg, possibly due to evaporation at high Mg partial pressure. Thus, the Mg-isotope data of skeletal chondrules from HH237 are consistent with their origin as melts produced in the impact-generated plume of colliding planetesimals. The inferred ?{sup 26}Mg* value of –3.87 ± 0.93 ppm for the CB parent body is significantly lower than the bulk solar system value of 4.5 ± 1.1 ppm inferred from CI chondrites, suggesting that CB chondrites accreted material comprising an early formed {sup 26}Al-free component.

Olsen, Mia B.; Schiller, Martin; Krot, Alexander N.; Bizzarro, Martin [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-1350 (Denmark)] [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-1350 (Denmark)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

405

Opportunities for the Early Production of Fischer-Tropsch (F...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for the Early Production of Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) Fuels in the U.S. -- An Overview Opportunities for the Early Production of Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) Fuels in the U.S. -- An Overview...

406

EWAS: Modeling Application for Early Detection of Terrorist Threats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a model and system architecture for an early warning system to detect terrorist threats. The paper discusses the shortcomings of state ... of generation of early warnings to predict terrorist

Pir Abdul Rasool Qureshi; Nasrullah Memon…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

White House Honors Four Early-Career Sandia Researchers | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog White House Honors Four Early-Career Sandia Researchers White House Honors Four Early-Career...

408

Designing CPV Receivers With Reliability: Early Evaluation of Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Everett, A. Blakers Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems, The Australian National University, Canberra: Early detection of performance issues allows more rapid & reliable design optimisation. Thermal. Ultra light-weight Fresnel mirror enclosed system. DESIGN RELIABILITY PRODUCTION Early detection

409

Innate Nuclear Sensor IFI16 Translocates into the Cytoplasm during the Early Stage of In Vitro Human Cytomegalovirus Infection and Is Entrapped in the Egressing Virions during the Late Stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Virus-Cell Interactions Innate Nuclear Sensor IFI16 Translocates into the Cytoplasm...significance of this IFI16 trapping following nuclear mislocalization remains to be established...betaherpesvirus, the cellular components of nuclear domains 10 (ND10s) (i.e., promyelocytic...

Valentina Dell'Oste; Deborah Gatti; Francesca Gugliesi; Marco De Andrea; Mandar Bawadekar; Irene Lo Cigno; Matteo Biolatti; Marta Vallino; Manfred Marschall; Marisa Gariglio; Santo Landolfo

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

410

Refining intensity, energy consumption, and pulp quality in two-stage chip refining  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on thermomechanical pulps produced in two pilot plant installations. Both installations were conventional two-stage systems in which the first stage was pressurized and the second was atmospheric. At a given specific energy, pulp quality was improved. Alternatively, for a given pulp quality, the energy consumption was reduced when refining in the first stage was carried out at a high refining intensity. High refining intensity was reached by operating the first stage either at a high rotational speed or low consistency. There were indications that these benefits could be enhanced if the second stage were operated at a low refining intensity.

Miles, K.B.; May, W.D.; Karnis, A. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, 570 St. John's Boulevard, Pointe Claire, Quebec H9R 3J9 (CA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

DefLog: on the Logical Interpretation of Prima Facie Justified Assumptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......with models. A fundamental complication of...pre-defined conclusive force relations between...arguments and its fundamental role in nonmonotonic...Snoeck Henkemans. Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory. A Handbook of Historical Backgrounds......

Bart Verheij

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Getting the Word Out: Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Locator, Mapping Tools, and Outreach Activities (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentation covers diesel exhaust fluid resources on the Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center.

Brodt-Giles, Debbie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Structural performance of ASR/DEF damaged prestressed concrete trapezoidal box beams with dapped ends.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Across the State of Texas and many other areas of the world, relatively young concrete structures have developed signs of premature concrete deterioration. Large cracks… (more)

Larson, Nancy Anne, 1986-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Shear performance of ASR/DEF damaged prestressed concrete trapezoidal box bridge girders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Concrete bridges in Texas have developed large cracks in bent caps and pretensioned trapezoidal bridge girders. The bridges show premature concrete deterioration due to alkali-silica… (more)

Wang, Tz-Wei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

ASR/DEF-damaged bent caps: shear tests and field implications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over the last decade, a number of reinforced concrete bent caps within Houston, Texas have exhibited premature concrete damage (cracking, spalling and a loss of… (more)

Deschenes, Dean Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Data:D70def12-9680-4116-9336-69c732919491 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-9680-4116-9336-69c732919491 -9680-4116-9336-69c732919491 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Alabama Power Co Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100 W METAL HALIDE CUTOFF ACORN Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.alabamapower.com/pricing/pdf/FPL.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

417

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Operator Performance Metrics for Control Room Modernization: A Practical Guide for Early Design Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

As control rooms are modernized with new digital systems at nuclear power plants, it is necessary to evaluate the operator performance using these systems as part of a verification and validation process. There are no standard, predefined metrics available for assessing what is satisfactory operator interaction with new systems, especially during the early design stages of a new system. This report identifies the process and metrics for evaluating human system interfaces as part of control room modernization. The report includes background information on design and evaluation, a thorough discussion of human performance measures, and a practical example of how the process and metrics have been used as part of a turbine control system upgrade during the formative stages of design. The process and metrics are geared toward generalizability to other applications and serve as a template for utilities undertaking their own control room modernization activities.

Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Thomas Ulrich; Jeffrey Joe

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Los Angeles' Sets the Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Los Angeles' Sets the Stage for Plug-In Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com... April 18, 2011

419

Economic Impacts of Early Care and Education in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impacts of Early Care and Education in California by Jenifer MacGillvary and Laurel Lucia August 2011 #12;#12;Economic Impacts of Early Care and Education in California by Jenifer Mac Siciliano 2 | Economic Impacts of Early Care and Education in California #12;Jenifer MacGillvary and Laurel

Militzer, Burkhard

420

Those early days as we remember them (part I) - Met Lab and Argonne's Early  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History >Those early days as we remember them (Part I) History >Those early days as we remember them (Part I) About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Those early days as we remember them - Met Lab and Argonne's Early History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Early and Early History About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

422

Inclusion of KI67 significantly improves performance of the PREDICT prognostication and prediction model for early breast cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

subclasses with clinical implications. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2001, 98(19): 10869-10   74 11   12   3. Curtis C, Shah SP, Chin SF, Turashvili G, Rueda OM, Dunning MJ, Speed D, Lynch 13   AG, Samarajiwa S, Yuan Y, Graf S, Ha G, Haffari G, Bashashati A... WH, Sonke GS, van’t Veer LJ, Rutgers EJT, van de Vijver MJ, Linn SC. 3   Optimized prediction of clinical outcome by the PREDICT plus tool and 70-gene 4   signature in early stage node-negative breast cancer [abstract]. 36th Annual San Antonio 5...

Wishart, G. C.; Rakha, E.; Green, A.; Ellis, I.; Ali, H. R.; Provenzano, E.; Blows, F. M.; Caldas, C.; Pharoah, P. D. P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nucleosynthesis in Early Neutrino Driven Winds  

SciTech Connect

Two recent issues related to nucleosynthesis in early proton-rich neutrino winds are investigated. In the first part we investigate the effect of nuclear physics uncertainties on the synthesis of {sup 92}Mo and {sup 94}Mo. Based on recent experimental results, we find that the proton rich winds of the model investigated here can not be the only source of the solar abundance of {sup 92}Mo and {sup 94}Mo. In the second part we investigate the nucleosynthesis from neutron rich bubbles and show that they do not contribute to the nucleosynthesis integrated over both neutron and proton-rich bubbles and proton-rich winds.

Hoffman, R; Fisker, J; Pruet, J; Woosley, S; Janka, H; Buras, R

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

424

Nucleosynthesis in Early Neutrino Driven Winds  

SciTech Connect

Two recent issues realted to nucleosynthesis in early proton-rich neutrino winds are investigated. In the first part we investigate the effect of nuclear physics uncertainties on the synthesis of {sup 92}Mo and {sup 94}Mo. Based on recent experimental results, we find that the proton rich winds of the model investigated here can not be the only source of the solar abundance of {sup 92}Mo and {sup 94}Mo. In the second part we investigate the nucleosynthesis from neutron rich bubbles and show that they do not contribute to the nucleosynthesis integrated over both neutron and proton-rich bubbles and proton-rich winds.

Hoffman, R. D.; Fisker, J. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-414, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Pruet, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808, L-059, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Woosley, S. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UC Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Janka, H.-T.; Buras, R. [Max Plank Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching (Germany)

2008-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

425

Residential oil burners with low input and two stages firing  

SciTech Connect

The residential oil burner market is currently dominated by the pressure-atomized, retention head burner. At low firing rates pressure atomizing nozzles suffer rapid fouling of the small internal passages, leading to bad spray patterns and poor combustion performance. To overcome the low input limitations of conventional burners, a low pressure air-atomized burner has been developed watch can operate at fining rates as low as 0.25 gallons of oil per hour (10 kW). In addition, the burner can be operated in a high/low fining rate mode. Field tests with this burner have been conducted at a fixed input rate of 0.35 gph (14 kW) with a side-wall vented boiler/water storage tank combination. At the test home, instrumentation was installed to measure fuel and energy flows and record trends in system temperatures. Laboratory efficiency testing with water heaters and boilers has been completed using standard single purpose and combined appliance test procedures. The tests quantify benefits due to low firing rates and other burner features. A two stage oil burner gains a strong advantage in rated efficiency while maintaining capacity for high domestic hot water and space heating loads.

Butcher, T.; Krajewski, R.; Leigh, R. [and others

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Two-stage crystallization of charged colloids at low supersaturations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report simulations on the homogeneous liquid-fcc nucleation of charged colloids for both low and high contact energy values. As a precursor for crystal formation, we observe increased local order at the position where the crystal will form, but no correlations with the local density. Thus, the nucleation is driven by order fluctuations rather than density fluctuations. Our results also show that the transition involves two stages in both cases, first a transition liquid-bcc, followed by a bcc-hcp/fcc transition. Both transitions have to overcome free energy barriers, so that a spherical bcc-like cluster is formed first, in which the final fcc-like structure is nucleated mainly at the surface of the crystallite. This means that the bcc-fcc phase transition is a heterogeneous nucleation, even though we start from a homogeneous bulk liquid. The height of the bcc-hcp/fcc free energy barrier strongly depends on the contact energies of the colloids. For low contact energy this barrier is low, so that the bcc-hcp/fcc transition happens spontaneously. For the higher contact energy, the second barrier is too high to be crossed spontaneously by the colloidal system. However, it was possible to ratchet the system over the second barrier and to transform the bcc nuclei into the stable hcp/fcc phase. The transitions are dominated by the first liquid-bcc transition and can be described by Classical Nucleation Theory using an effective surface tension.

Kai Kratzer; Axel Arnold

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

Peak oil: The four stages of a new idea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper reviews the reactions and the path of acceptance of the theory known as “peak oil”. The theory was proposed for the first time by M.K. Hubbert in the 1950s as a way to describe the production pattern of crude oil. According to Hubbert, the production curve is “bell shaped” and approximately symmetric. Hubbert's theory was verified with good approximation for the case of oil production in the United States that peaked in 1971, and is now being applied to the worldwide oil production. It is generally believed that the global peak of oil production (“peak oil”) will take place during the first decade of the 21st century, and some analysts believe that it has already occurred in 2005 or 2006. The theory and its consequences have unpleasant social and economical implications. The present paper is not aimed at assessing the peak date but offers a discussion on the factors that affect the acceptance and the diffusion of the concept of “peak oil” with experts and with the general public. The discussion is based on a subdivision of “four stages of acceptance”, loosely patterned after a sentence by Thomas Huxley.

Ugo Bardi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Thermionic converters for an Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS)  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) is a solar bimodal system which combines thermal propulsion and electric power generation in a single integrated system. A thermionic converter was designed and fabricated for the ISUS system. The ISUS thermionic energy converters differ from previous designs, due to the significant changes in operating temperature prior to and during an eclipse, with the emitter temperature increasing from 1,900 K to 2,200 K, and then back again. A complete thermal and electrical model was developed for a planar diode to determine optimum operating dimensions and parameters. The model includes an overall energy balance for the diode, and changes the interelectrode gap spacing due to thermal expansion of the parts as the emitter and/or collector temperatures change. Cesium pressure can be chosen from an external liquid reservoir, an integral reservoir using cesium intercalated into graphite attached to the collector heat pipe, or optimum cesium pressure. With optimum cesium pressure, the maximum efficiency increases from 14% to 16% as the emitter temperature increases from 1,900 K to 2,200 K. The improvement in efficiency is only 2% as the emitter temperature is increased. Optimum efficiency requires an external, actively controlled liquid reservoir.

Anderson, W.G.; Horner-Richardson, K. [Thermacore, Inc., Lancaster, PA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Transformation Market Transformation Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Market Applications for Fuel Cell Technologies on AddThis.com...

430

Welcome to Early Science Program Investigators Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Science Program Early Science Program Investigators Meeting Timothy J . W illiams Argonne L eadership C ompu2ng F acility 2 At Argonne, Safety is First! § In c ase o f a n e mergency o r i njury, d ial 9 11 f rom t he building p hones, o r d ial 6 30---252---1911 f rom c ell p hones. § Fire: A lways b e a ware o f t he n earest e xit. - If t he b uilding a larms s ound, e vacuate t he b uilding a nd p roceed t o the r eloca9on a rea ( building 2 13). - If a s ite---wide a larm s ounds, f ollow t he d irec9ons i ssued o ver t he public a nnouncement s ystem. § Tornado: I n t he e vent o f a t ornado, a t one a nd announcement will come from the public announcement s ystem. S eek s helter i mmediately i n t he nearest s tairwell. § Smoking i n n ot p ermiLed i n b uilding 2 40. S moking i s permiLed o nly i n t he d esignated

431

Biomass waste gasification - Can be the two stage process suitable for tar reduction and power generation?  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparison of one stage (co-current) and two stage gasification of wood pellets. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Original arrangement with grate-less reactor and upward moving bed of the pellets. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two stage gasification leads to drastic reduction of tar content in gas. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer One stage gasification produces gas with higher LHV at lower overall ER. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Content of ammonia in gas is lower in two stage moving bed gasification. - Abstract: A pilot scale gasification unit with novel co-current, updraft arrangement in the first stage and counter-current downdraft in the second stage was developed and exploited for studying effects of two stage gasification in comparison with one stage gasification of biomass (wood pellets) on fuel gas composition and attainable gas purity. Significant producer gas parameters (gas composition, heating value, content of tar compounds, content of inorganic gas impurities) were compared for the two stage and the one stage method of the gasification arrangement with only the upward moving bed (co-current updraft). The main novel features of the gasifier conception include grate-less reactor, upward moving bed of biomass particles (e.g. pellets) by means of a screw elevator with changeable rotational speed and gradual expanding diameter of the cylindrical reactor in the part above the upper end of the screw. The gasifier concept and arrangement are considered convenient for thermal power range 100-350 kW{sub th}. The second stage of the gasifier served mainly for tar compounds destruction/reforming by increased temperature (around 950 Degree-Sign C) and for gasification reaction of the fuel gas with char. The second stage used additional combustion of the fuel gas by preheated secondary air for attaining higher temperature and faster gasification of the remaining char from the first stage. The measurements of gas composition and tar compound contents confirmed superiority of the two stage gasification system, drastic decrease of aromatic compounds with two and higher number of benzene rings by 1-2 orders. On the other hand the two stage gasification (with overall ER = 0.71) led to substantial reduction of gas heating value (LHV = 3.15 MJ/Nm{sup 3}), elevation of gas volume and increase of nitrogen content in fuel gas. The increased temperature (>950 Degree-Sign C) at the entrance to the char bed caused also substantial decrease of ammonia content in fuel gas. The char with higher content of ash leaving the second stage presented only few mass% of the inlet biomass stream.

Sulc, Jindrich; Stojdl, Jiri; Richter, Miroslav; Popelka, Jan [Faculty of the Environment, Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Usti nad Labem, Kralova Vysina 7, 400 96 Usti nad Labem (Czech Republic); Svoboda, Karel, E-mail: svoboda@icpf.cas.cz [Faculty of the Environment, Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Usti nad Labem, Kralova Vysina 7, 400 96 Usti nad Labem (Czech Republic); Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR, v.v.i., Rozvojova 135, 165 02 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Smetana, Jiri; Vacek, Jiri [D.S.K. Ltd., Ujezdecek - Dukla 264, 415 01 Teplice I (Czech Republic); Skoblja, Siarhei; Buryan, Petr [Dept. of Gas, Coke and Air protection, Institute of Chemical Technol., Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Addressing the problem with natural ventilation : producing a guide for designers to integrate natural ventilation into the early stages of building design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Currently, the United States alone is responsible for approximately twenty percent of the world's total energy consumption. This consumption is equivalent to roughly 100 quadrillion Btu of energy, or in plainer terms, over ...

Fennessy, Kristian (Kristian M.)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Genetic Analysis of Simian Virus 40 III. Characterization of a Temperature-Sensitive Mutant Blocked at an Early Stage of Productive Infection in Monkey Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N irusl TFU V iral DNA5 VFU IU TFU VFU PFU WT WT WT WT WT WT WTI WT ts*101 1I WIT 1 WTP 1% WT 0.1%o WT WT WT 0.1%o WT tsA7 80%> WT WTi ND tsB2 WT WT 0 0.%Ico WT WT 0 ND tsB8 WT WT WT 0.1% WT...

James A. Robb; Robert G. Martin

1972-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Computer & Geosciences, Special Issue "Geoscientific Visualization", 1, 2000 (in press) Visualization in an Early Stage of the Problem Solving Process in GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer & Geosciences, Special Issue "Geoscientific Visualization", 1, 2000 (in press) -1 monika.sester@ifp.uni-stuttgart.de Abstract Methods of user-computer interaction have remained largely for more complex task. To improve the interaction between user and computer we propose a concept

Egenhofer, Max J.

435

A Test for a Trade-Off in Salinity Tolerance in Early Life-History Stages in Lucania goodei and L. parva  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in abundance along a salinity gradient where L. goodei is found predominantly in freshwater sites, and L. parva a salinity gradient. In order for selection to cause divergence, there must be local adaptation where each species at 0, 10, 20, and 30 ppt salinity, covering the gradient between fresh water and sea water found

Fuller, Rebecca

436

Multiple Features of Advanced Melanoma Recapitulated in Tumorigenic Variants of Early Stage (Radial Growth Phase) Human Melanoma Cell Lines: Evidence for a Dominant Phenotype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cells/ l(X)-mm dish) in culture medium containing 60 U.MTG (2-amino-6-mercap- topurine; Sigma). Somatic cell...Y,IL-6, oncostatin M, IL-1, and TNF-a during the process of tumor progression (11, 24, 38-41). Fig. 6 shows the...

Maria Rosa Bani; Janusz Rak; Dena Adachi; Rodney Wiltshire; Jeffrey M. Trent; Robert S. Kerbel; and Yaacov Ben-David

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Emergence of Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and Viral Coevolution in Two Subjects during the Early Stages of Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Primate Research Center, Oregon Health Science University, Beaverton, Oregon, USA...and PG16 were obtained from Theraclone Sciences (Seattle, WA, USA). HIV-1/HIV-2...recombinant human monoclonal antibody. Science 266 :1024-1027. doi: 10.1126...

D. Noah Sather; Sara Carbonetti; Delphine C. Malherbe; Franco Pissani; Andrew B. Stuart; Ann J. Hessell; Mathew D. Gray; Iliyana Mikell; Spyros A. Kalams; Nancy L. Haigwood; Leonidas Stamatatos

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

438

Occurrence of Tertiary Lymphoid Tissue Is Associated with T-Cell Infiltration and Predicts Better Prognosis in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained from the Institutional Intranet; please refer to Supplementary...data from the institutional intranet (Supplementary Table S1...and CD3+ TILs, baseline characteristics and tumor features of patient...the patient histopathologic characteristics are described in Supplementary...

Giuseppe Di Caro; Francesca Bergomas; Fabio Grizzi; Andrea Doni; Paolo Bianchi; Alberto Malesci; Luigi Laghi; Paola Allavena; Alberto Mantovani; and Federica Marchesi

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Maize seedling phosphorus nutrition: Allocation of remobilized seed phosphorus reserves and external phosphorus uptake to seedling roots and shoots during early growth stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth of green plants depends not only on photosynthesis, but also on the successful remobilization and translocation of seed phosphorus (P) reserves to the vegetative parts of the developing seedling dur...

Muhammad Nadeem; Alain Mollier; Christian Morel; Muhammad Shahid…

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Chlorinated hydrocarbons in early life stages of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina serpentina) from a coastal wetland on Lake Ontario, Canada  

SciTech Connect

To assess intra-clutch variation in contaminant concentrations in eggs, and to investigate the dynamics of chlorinated hydrocarbon accumulation in embryos of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina), concentrations of p,p{prime}-DDE, hexachlorobenzene, trans-nonachlor, cis-chlordane, and six PCB congeners were measured in eggs, embryos, and hatchlings. Samples were collected from Cootes Paradise, a wetland at the western end of Lake Ontario, Ontario, Canada. The intra-clutch variation in chlorinated hydrocarbon concentrations within four snapping turtle clutches was determined by analyzing the first, last, and middle five eggs oviposited in the nest. The first five eggs had the highest mean concentrations of all chlorinated hydrocarbons, wet weight, and egg diameter. On a lipid weight basis, the first five eggs contained the highest concentration of all compounds except total PCBs and cis-chlordane. The concentration of cis-chlordane was the only parameter measured that was significantly different among the three sets of eggs. At hatching, snapping turtles without yolk sacs contained from 55.2 to 90.5% of the absolute amount of organochlorine compounds measured in the egg at oviposition. Eighteen days after hatching, the body burden of PCBs and pesticides decreased to 45.3 to 62.2% of that in the fresh egg. The accumulation of organochlorine chemicals in embryonic turtles peaked at or just before hatching and then declined thereafter, which is consistent with trends reported in developing sea turtles, fish, and birds.

Bishop, C.A.; Lean, D.R.S.; Carey, J.H. [Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario (Canada); Brooks, R.J. [Univ. of Guelph, Ontario (Canada); Ng, P. [York Univ., North York, Ontario (Canada)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Impact of c-MYC Protein Expression on Outcome of Patients with Early-Stage HER2+ Breast Cancer Treated with Adjuvant Trastuzumab NCCTG (Alliance) N9831  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Orlando, FL Abstract LB-69: Minnesota Ovarian Cancer Alliance Kathleen A. Gavin 1 1Minnesota Ovarian Cancer Alliance, Minneapolis, MN. The Minnesota Ovarian Cancer Alliance (MOCA) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to create...

Amylou C. Dueck; Monica M. Reinholz; Xochiquetzal J. Geiger; Kathleen Tenner; Karla Ballman; Robert B. Jenkins; Darren Riehle; Beiyun Chen; Ann E. McCullough; Nancy E. Davidson; Silvana Martino; George W. Sledge; Peter A. Kaufman; Leila A. Kutteh; Julie Gralow; Lyndsay N. Harris; James N. Ingle; Wilma L. Lingle; Edith A. Perez

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: The life stage of deep  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The life stage of deep convection defined by the MSG multi-channel data and The life stage of deep convection defined by the MSG multi-channel data and rainfall type observed by PR/TRMM Inoue, Toshiro MRI/JMA The life cycle of deep convection is characterized as the cumulus/cumulonimbus type cloud classified by the method is dominant at the earlier stage and cirrus type cloud (anvil) is dominant at the decaying stage for no-split/no-merge case. We also know that convective rain is dominant at developing and mature stage, and stratiform rain is dominant at decaying stage. We studied the life cycle of deep convection in terms of cloud type using MSG ( Meteosat Second Generation) data taken every 15 minutes. The multi-channel data of MSG are use for cloud type classification. Cloud types are first classified by the split window method

443

GAISUS-1 thermionic converter for the integrated solar upper stage  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) system is a compact orbital transfer vehicle which generates thrust to boost payloads from LEO to higher orbits. It does this by collecting and concentrating solar flux into a sensible thermal storage, graphite receiver which is used to heat hydrogen propellant to temperatures of up to 2500 K. The ISUS receiver also radiates heat into an array of thermionic converters which produce electrical power. The GAISUS-1 thermionic converter is a first generation planar converter designed to produce electrical power when coupled with the ISUS receiver. GAISUS-1 will deliver over 31 W{sub e} at 1900 K. A wrought Re hotshoe accepts radiant heat from the receiver. The back side of the hotshoe forms the emitting surface of the converter. Special attention was paid to optimize the electrical and thermal losses experienced through the sleeve. Triple and single sleeve geometries were thermally modeled and evaluated, resulting in the selection of a single sleeve design. A high temperature metal/ceramic seal isolates the emitter sleeve from the collector. A Nb collector is used and is an integral part of a Nb/Na heat pipe. The heat pipe transports reject heat from the collector surface to a thermal radiator (condenser) portion of the heat pipe. The converter utilizes an integral graphite Cs reservoir. This type of reservoir automatically produces a rise in Cs pressure in response to a rise in emitter/collector temperatures. This Cs pressure feedback mechanism insures adequate Cs coverage of the emitter over a broad range of operating conditions (temperatures).

Begg, L.L.; Heffernan, T.F.; Horner, M.H. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Experiments and Modeling of Two-Stage Combustion in Low-Emissions Diesel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Two-stage combustion is investigated to achieve low noise, low emissions, and high efficiency operation using engine experiments and a multi-dimensional CFD code coupled with detailed chemistry and a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm (KIVA-CHEMKIN-MOGA code). The first stage is premixed combustion and the second stage is diffusion combustion under high temperature and low oxygen concentration conditions and operation at light load (nominal 5.5 bar IMEP and 2000 rpm).

445

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Generation Electricity Generation Total electricity consumption in the AEO2013 Reference case, including both purchases from electric power producers and on-site generation, grows from 3,841 billion kilowatthours in 2011 to 4,930 billion kilowatthours in 2040, an average annual rate of 0.9 percent-about the same rate as in the AEO2012 Reference case through 2035. The combination of slow growth in electricity demand, competitively priced natural gas, programs encouraging renewable fuel use, and the implementation of new environmental rules dampens future coal use. The AEO2013 Reference case assumes implementation of the CAIR as a result of an August 2012 federal court decision to vacate the CSAPR. The lower natural gas prices in the early years of the AEO2013 Reference case result in

446

Early Cook County Roads -- Part Two  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Two Nature Bulletin No. 739 January 18, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor EARLY COOK COUNTY ROADS -- PART TWO -- THE PLANK ROAD ERA For ten years after Chicago, with a population of 4,170, was chartered as a city in 1837, its commerce and growth were crippled by wretched transportation to and from the hinterlands. During many periods of each year it was surrounded and isolated by mud. To be sure, there were dirt thoroughfares in all directions, graded and drained as best they could in those days, but not surfaced. No one who has never experienced it can appreciate how gooey and gluey a black prairie soil can be when wet. A wagon's wheels often become solid cylinders of mud as wide as a bass drum.

447

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Executive Summary Executive Summary Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040, under the assumption that current laws and regulations remain generally unchanged throughout the projection period. The early release provides a basis for the examination and discussion of energy market trends and serves as a starting point for analysis of potential changes in U.S. energy policies, rules, or regulations or possible technology breakthroughs. Readers are encouraged to review the full range of cases that will be presented when the complete AEO2014 is released in 2014, exploring key uncertainties in the Reference case. Major highlights of the AEO2014 Reference case include: Growing domestic production of natural gas and crude oil continues to

448

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 2018 Levelized Costs AEO 2013 1 January 2013 Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 This paper presents average levelized costs for generating technologies that are brought on line in 2018 1 as represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013) Early Release Reference case. 2 Both national values and the minimum and maximum values across the 22 U.S. regions of the NEMS electricity market module are presented. Levelized cost is often cited as a convenient summary measure of the overall competiveness of different generating technologies. It represents the per-kilowatthour cost (in real dollars) of building and operating a generating plant over an assumed financial life and duty cycle. Key

449

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Release Dates: April 15 - May 2, 2013 | Next Early Release Date: December 16, 2013 (See release cycle changes) | correction | full report Overview Data Reference Case Side Cases Interactive Table Viewer Topics Source Oil/Liquids Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewable/Alternative Nuclear Sector Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Energy Demand Other Emissions Prices Macroeconomic International Efficiency Publication Chapter Market Trends Issues in Focus Legislation & Regulations Comparison Appendices Table Title Formats Summary Reference Case Tables Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption

450

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Release Dates: April 15 - May 2, 2013 | Next Early Release Date: December 2013 (See release cycle changes) | correction | full report Overview Data Reference Case Side Cases Interactive Table Viewer Topics Source Oil/Liquids Natural Gas Coal Electricity Renewable/Alternative Nuclear Sector Residential Commercial Industrial Transportation Energy Demand Other Emissions Prices Macroeconomic International Efficiency Publication Chapter Market Trends Issues in Focus Legislation & Regulations Comparison Appendices Table Title Formats Summary Reference Case Tables Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption

451

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic growth Economic growth Recovery from the 2008-2009 recession is expected to show the slowest growth of any recovery since 1960. Table 2 compares average annual growth rates over a five-year period following U.S. recessions that have occurred since 1960. For the most recent recession, the expected five-year average annual growth rate in real GDP from 2009 to 2014 is 1.3 percentage points below the corresponding average for the three past recessions, with consumption and non-farm employment recovering even more slowly. The slower growth in the early years of the projection has implications for the long term, with a lower economic growth rate leading to a slower recovery in employment and higher unemployment rates. Real GDP in 2035 is 4 percent lower in the AEO2012 Reference case than was projected in the AEO2011

452

Thermodynamics in the Viscous Early Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assuming that the matter filling the background geometry in the Early Universe was a free gas and no phase transitions took place, we discuss the thermodynamics of this closed system using classical approaches. We found that essential cosmological quantities, such as the Hubble parameter $H$, the scaling factor $a$ and the curvature parameter $k$, can be derived from this simple model. The results are compatible with the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model and Einstein field equations. Including finite bulk viscosity coefficient leads to important changes in the cosmological quantities. Accordingly, our picture about evolution of the Universe and its astrophysical consequences seems to be a subject of radical revision. We found that $k$ strongly depends on thermodynamics of the cosmic background matter. The time scale, at which negative curvature might take place, depends on the relation between the matter content and the total energy. Using quantum and statistical approaches, we introduced expressions for $H$ a...

Tawfik, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced stage neuroblastoma Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

neuroblastoma Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced stage neuroblastoma Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Inhibition...

454

Cell Division Stage in C. elegans Imaged Using Third Harmonic Generation Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

C. elegans embryogenesis, at the cell division stage, was imaged using third harmonic generation microscopy employing ultrashort pulsed lasers at 1028nm and 1550nm. This technique...

Aviles-Espinosa, Rodrigo; Tserevelakis, G J; Santos, Susana I c o; Filippidis, G; Krmpot, A J; Vlachos, M; Tavernarakis, N; Brodschelm, A; Kaenders, W; Artigas, David; Loza-Alvarez, Pablo

455

Staging Tudor Royalty: Religious Politics in Stuart Historical Drama (1603-1607).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Staging Tudor Royalty: Religious Politics in Stuart Historical Drama (1603–1607) examines the plays and pageantry about the Tudor royals in the context of three major… (more)

Schofield, Scott James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Science on Stage: Science in Action competition hits the heights in Madrid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Science on Stage: Science in Action competition hits the heights in Madrid Conference: New year brings ASE conference Exhibition: BETT 2007 sells hard and plays hard

457

Pulse generators based on air-insulated linear-transformer-driver stages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present the design and test results of pulse generators based on air-insulated linear-transformer-driver stages that drive a vacuum transmission line. A custom designed unit, referred to as a capacitor block, was developed for use as a main structural element of the transformer stages. It incorporates two capacitors GA 35426 (40 nF, 100 kV) and a multichannel multigap gas switch. Two types of stages were developed: (1) stage LTD-20 with four modules in parallel and five capacitor blocks in each module (in tests of this stage current amplitude up to 850 kA with ?140??ns rise time was obtained on a 0.05???? load at 100 kV charging voltage); (2) stage LTD-4 with two modules in parallel and two capacitor blocks in each module. Several installations were built on the base of these stages, including a linear transformer, consisting of two identical LTD-20 stages in series, and a high power electron accelerator on the base of LTD-4 stages. The design, tests results, and main problems are presented and discussed in this paper for these installations.

B. M. Kovalchuk; A. V. Kharlov; E. V. Kumpyak; A. A. Zherlitsyn

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

458

The comparative digestibility and nutritive value of sorghum silages harvested at different stages of maturity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or stage at which to harvest a silage crop~ it is desirable to have both maximum yields of dry mtter and sufficient amisture in the fbraga to insure good heeping conditions in the silo Scam idea of the optimum stage of maturity for a silage crop can... or stage at which to harvest a silage crop~ it is desirable to have both maximum yields of dry mtter and sufficient amisture in the fbraga to insure good heeping conditions in the silo Scam idea of the optimum stage of maturity for a silage crop can...

Helm, Raymond E

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

The effect of natural pozzolan on delayed ettringite formation of the heat-cured mortars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) is an internal sulfate attack caused by early age heating to a temperature of over 70 °C. In this paper, the effect of natural Algerian pozzolan on the expansion of cement mortars caused by DEF was investigated. For this purpose, a portion of cement was replaced by natural pozzolan, with three different dosages (10%, 20% and 30%) and finenesses (fine, medium, and coarse). The results obtained highlighted the significant effects of natural pozzolan on DEF and the correlation existing between the expansion of the heat-cured mortars and the evolution of their mechanical properties.

Van-Huong Nguyen; Nordine Leklou; Jean-Emmanuel Aubert; Pierre Mounanga

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Early specification for body position in mes-endodermal regions of an amphibian embryo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Specification for development of the body pattern in the amphibian embryo has usually been thought of as a prolonged process, initiated from an ooplasmic localisation of some kind in what will become the dorsal-anterior midline. The evidence has been interpreted as suggesting that this initial localisation is centred in what will become anterior endoderm, but gives rise by an inductive process in early blastula stages to an overlying organising centre which eventually controls the genesis of mesodermal pattern. Neurectodermal development (especially, the position and pattern of the central nervous system) is seen as controlled considerably later, by inductive signals from submigrating mesoderm at gastrulation. Current work tends to confirm that this sequence of inductive influences can occur at least in experimental situations. It also suggests, however, that in the normal development of the rather small egg of Xenopus, genesis of positional cues that specify the body pattern contributions within the more vegetal material (mes-endoderm) is a rather rapid, widespread and direct consequence of events occurring in the interval between fertilisation and cleavage. Possible molecular bases of early nuclear responses to position within egg material, and the more problematic nature of the positional system itself, are discussed.

Jonathan Cooke

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Entanglement Entropy of the Early Universe in Generalized Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an explicit calculation of the evolution of the cosmic entanglement entropy in the early universe before the matter dominant era. This is made possible by invoking the generalized Chaplygin gas (GCG) model, which has the advantage of preserving unitarity and providing a smooth transition between the inflation epoch and the radiation dominant era. The dynamics of the universe is described by the quantization in the minisuperspace of the GCG model, following the prescription proposed by Wheeler and DeWitt. Two sources of contribution to the cosmic entanglement entropy are considered: one from the homogeneous background where the observable and the unobservable regions of the universe are entangled and the other from the inhomogeneous cosmological perturbations where different modes are entangled. We find that the homogeneous contribution grows exponentially at the very beginning of the inflation, but decreases during the radiation dominant era. Conversely, that from the cosmological perturbation is found to decrease at first and then increase after reaching a minimum value. The net result is that the total entanglement entropy reaches a minimum at an early stage of the inflation and then increases throughout most of the inflation and the entire radiation dominant era.

Pisin Chen; Yuezhen Niu

2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

462

Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Presidential Early Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) About Organization Budget Field Offices Federal Advisory Committees History Scientific and Technical Information Honors & Awards Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) DOE's Winners Since 1996 Ceremony The Enrico Fermi Award The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award DOE Nobel Laureates Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer Award R&D 100 Awards Jobs Brochures, Logos, & Information Resources Contact Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 Honors & Awards Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds

463

Hickam Air Force Base Fuel Cell Vehicles: Early Implementation Experience  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report sumarizes early implementation experience from an evaluation of two prototype fuel cell vehicles operating at Hickam Air Force Base in Honolulu, Hawaii.

464

Early Markets: Fuel Cells for Material Handling Equipment | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Material Handling Equipment Early Markets: Fuel Cells for Material Handling Equipment This fact sheet describes the use of hydrogen fuel cells to power material handling equipment...

465

Church, society, and the sacred in early christian Greece.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation proposes a social analysis of the Early Christian basilicas (4th-6 th century) of Southern and Central Greece, predominantly those in the Late Roman… (more)

Caraher, William R

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

COMFEN Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and Fenestration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMFEN ­ Early Design Tool for Commercial Facades and Fenestration Systems Stephen Selkowitz Sustainable IQ, Inc. Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division CEC PIER

467

Reflective Terahertz Imaging for early diagnosis of skin burn severity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the brand area is also visualized in the THz images of thebrand shape is discernible as early as the post burn THz image.

TEWARI, PRIYAMVADA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

THE EARLY EARLY TYPE: DISCOVERY OF A PASSIVE GALAXY AT z{sub spec} {approx} 3  

SciTech Connect

We present the discovery of a massive, quiescent galaxy at z = 2.99. We have obtained an Hubble Space Telescope WFC3 spectrum of this object and measured its redshift from the detection of a deep 4000 A break consistent with an old population and a high metallicity. By stellar population modeling of both its grism spectrum and broadband photometry, we derive an age of {approx}0.7 Gyr, implying a formation redshift of z > 4, and a mass >10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }. Although this passive galaxy is the most distant confirmed so far, we find that it is slightly less compact than other z > 2 early types of similar mass, being overall more analogous to those z {approx} 1.6 field early-type galaxies. The discovery of this object shows that early-type galaxies are detectable to at least z = 3 and suggests that the diversity of structural properties found in z = 1.4-2 ellipticals to earlier epochs could have its origin in a variety of formation histories among their progenitors.

Gobat, R.; Strazzullo, V.; Daddi, E.; Bethermin, M. [Laboratoire AIM-Paris-Saclay, CEA/DSM-CNRS, Universite Paris Diderot, Irfu/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Onodera, M.; Carollo, M. [Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zuerich Wolfgang-Pauli-strasse 27, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland); Renzini, A. [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Dickinson, M. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Cimatti, A. [Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

469

Continuous flow multi-stage microfluidic reactors via hydrodynamic microparticle railing{  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuous flow multi-stage microfluidic reactors via hydrodynamic microparticle railing{ Ryan D-at-a-time). Microfluidic processors that enable multi-stage fluidic reactions with suspended microparticles (e-on-a-chip technologies. Here we present a single-layer microfluidic reactor that utilizes a microfluidic railing

Lin, Liwei

470

Dynamic Model for an Oxygen-Staged Slagging Entrained Flow Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The temperature distribution simulation results also showed that staged oxygen feeding can reduce the temperature near the main burner significantly, therefore extending the lifetime of the burner compared with that of without staged oxygen feed. ... Problems such as a short lifetime of burners and refractory walls and fouling and corrosion in syngas coolers have to be addressed in order to further improve the technology. ...

Zhiwei Yang; Zhe Wang; Yuxin Wu; Jihong Wang; Junfu Lu; Zheng Li; Weidou Ni

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

471

Three-Dimensional Unsteady Multi-stage Turbomachinery Simulations using the Harmonic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-Dimensional Unsteady Multi-stage Turbomachinery Simulations using the Harmonic Balance-stage turbomachinery problems modeled by the Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations. This time. Turbomachinery flows are naturally unsteady mainly due to the relative motion of rotors and stators

Jameson, Antony

472

Investigations to site a radioactive waste repository in Cumbria: Evidence against proceeding to MRWS Stage 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigations to site a radioactive waste repository in Cumbria: Evidence against proceeding to MRWS Stage 4 Radioactive waste repository in Cumbria: Evidence against proceeding to MRWS Stage 4 s the UK radioactive waste legacy comprises difficult material which is complex, of mixed origin

473

New Report Highlights Trends in Offshore Wind with 14 Projects Currently In Advanced Stages of Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department today released a new report showing progress for the United States offshore wind energy market over the past year, including two projects that have moved into the initial stages of construction, and 14 projects that are in the advanced stages of development– together representing nearly 4,900 megawatts of potential offshore wind energy capacity for the U.S.

474

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two-stage model for incidence and prevalence in point-level spatial count data Virginia Recta about the underlying data generating process. We utilize a two-stage spatial generalized linear mixed and real data from an ecological field survey. 1 Introduction Spatial count data arise frequently

Haran, Murali

475

Model reduction applied to multi-stage assemblies of bladed disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consisted in modelling separately each stage of the assembly of bladed disks that compose the rotor of a jetModel reduction applied to multi-stage assemblies of bladed disks A. Sternch¨uss, E. Balm, France e-mail: arnaud.sternchuss@ecp.fr P. Jean, J.-P. Lombard Snecma (Safran Group) Rond-point Ren

Boyer, Edmond

476

Accounting for rotation in a multi-stage cyclo-symmetric model -a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Real rotors are assemblies of stages that have different number of sectors. This mo- tivated predictions of full rotor dynamics. The present paper summarizes the theory and shows that this new ability-symmetric geometries. Classically cyclic-symmetry [1, 2] considers single stage vibration or assumes the whole rotor

Boyer, Edmond

477

Ice-free conditions in Sweden during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 3? BARBARA WOHLFARTH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice-free conditions in Sweden during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 3? BARBARA WOHLFARTH BOREAS Wohlfarth, B. 2010 (April): Ice-free conditions in Sweden during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 3? Boreas, Vol dates for Sweden older than the Last Glacial Maximum ice advance were eval- uated. Acceptable 14 C dates

Wohlfarth, Barbara

478

Author's personal copy Knowledge management technology as a stage for strategic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of knowledge management technologies like intranets, recommender systems, and social networking sites for capAuthor's personal copy Knowledge management technology as a stage for strategic self management technologies are not simple containers for the storage of expertise, but that they are stages upon

Leonardi, Paul

479

Generation of high peak power pulse using 2 stage erbium-doped fiber amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-doped fiber. For the second stage, two 1480nm pump lasers were used to pump erbium-doped fiber in both forward and backward propagating direction. The signal laser was modulated to produce pulses with high repetition rate high peak power. The first stage...

Lee, Kyung-Woo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

480

Multi-stage linear slot virtual impactor for concentration of bioaerosols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in parallel for the first stage with the designed dimensions of 87 mm (3.4Â?) for the throat length, 0.305 mm (.012Â?) for the accelerator throat width, and 0.457 mm (.018Â?) for the receiver throat width. The second stage contained a single unit...

Conerly, Shawn Charles

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "def early stage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

High Resolution RANS NLH Study of Stage 67 Tip Injection Physics  

SciTech Connect

Numerical prediction of the Stage 67 transonic fan stage employing wall jet tip injection flow control and study of the physical mechanisms leading to stall suppression and stability enhancement afforded by endwall recirculation/injection is the focus of this paper. Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes computations were used to perform detailed analysis of the Stage 67 configuration experimentally tested at NASA s Glenn Research Center in 2004. Time varying prediction of the stage plus recirculation and injection flowpath were performed utilizing the Nonlinear Harmonic approach. Significantly higher grid resolution per passage was achieved than what has been generally employed in prior reported numerical studies of spike stall phenomena in transonic compressors. This paper focuses on characterizing the physics of spike stall embryonic stage phenomena and the impact of tip injection, resulting in experimentally and numerically demonstrated stall suppression

Matheson, Michael A [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Early Cook County Roads -- Part One  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One One Nature Bulletin No. 738 January 11, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor EARLY COOK COUNTY ROADS -- PARK ONE When Chicago was incorporated as a village in 1833 it was only a squalid hamlet of about 350 inhabitants and appeared to be so poorly situated that it was hopeless -- "crude cabins and flimsy shacks in a chaos of mud, rubbish and confusion. " Only a few feet above the level of Lake Michigan, the place was almost entirely surrounded by swamps and miles and miles of prairies that became nearly impassable after spring thaws and during periods of heavy rainfall. There were only two important routes that afforded access at all times. One was the Green Bay Trail, ancestor of North Clark St. in Chicago, Ridge Ave. in Evanston, and Green Bay Road north of that. The other, traveled by the soldiers coming from Detroit to build Fort Dearborn in 1803, used the Great Sauk Trail to La Porte, Indiana, then a trail northwesterly to what is now Michigan City, and the firm sands of the lake beach the rest of the way.

483

EARLY EMISSION FROM TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect

A unique feature of deflagration-to-detonation (DDT) white dwarf explosion models of supernovae of type Ia is the presence of a strong shock wave propagating through the outer envelope. We consider the early emission expected in such models, which is produced by the expanding shock-heated outer part of the ejecta and precedes the emission driven by radioactive decay. We expand on earlier analyses by considering the modification of the pre-detonation density profile by the weak shocks generated during the deflagration phase, the time evolution of the opacity, and the deviation of the post-shock equation of state from that obtained for radiation pressure domination. A simple analytic model is presented and shown to provide an acceptable approximation to the results of one-dimensional numerical DDT simulations. Our analysis predicts a {approx}10{sup 3} s long UV/optical flash with a luminosity of {approx}1 to {approx}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 39} erg s{sup -1}. Lower luminosity corresponds to faster (turbulent) deflagration velocity. The luminosity of the UV flash is predicted to be strongly suppressed at t > t{sub drop} {approx} 1 hr due to the deviation from pure radiation domination.

Rabinak, Itay; Waxman, Eli [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Livne, Eli, E-mail: itay.rabinak@weizmann.ac.il [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Israel)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

484

Early Type Galaxy Core Phase Densities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early type galaxies, ellipticals and S0's, have two distinct core density profiles, either a power law or nearly flat in projection. The two core types are distributed with substantial overlap in luminosity, radius, mass and velocity dispersion, however, the cores separate into two distinct distributions in their coarse grain phase density, Q_0 = rho/sigma^3,suggesting that dynamical processes played a dominant role in their origin. The transition phase density separating the two elliptical types is approximately 0.003 M_sun pc^-3 km^-3 s^3,. The Q_0*M_c^2 vs M_c diagram shows that globular clusters, nuclear star clusters and power-law cores fall on what is likely a "collisional" sequence of inspiralling globular clusters. on which the relative core mass excess varies as the bulk stellar mass to the -0.34+/-0.08 power, close to predictions, albeit with a correlation coefficient of -0.46. Both power-law and cored galaxies lie on a single sequence of approximately Q_0 ~r_c^-2.2, suggesting that transport proces...

Carlbeg, Raymond

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Design, analysis and testing of a parallel-kinematic high-bandwidth XY nanopositioning stage  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the design, analysis, and testing of a parallel-kinematic high-bandwidth XY nanopositioning stage driven by piezoelectric stack actuators. The stage is designed with two kinematic chains. In each kinematic chain, the end-effector of the stage is connected to the base by two symmetrically distributed flexure modules, respectively. Each flexure module comprises a fixed-fixed beam and a parallelogram flexure serving as two orthogonal prismatic joints. With the purpose to achieve high resonance frequencies of the stage, a novel center-thickened beam which has large stiffness is proposed to act as the fixed-fixed beam. The center-thickened beam also contributes to reducing cross-coupling and restricting parasitic motion. To decouple the motion in two axes totally, a symmetric configuration is adopted for the parallelogram flexures. Based on the analytical models established in static and dynamic analysis, the dimensions of the stage are optimized in order to maximize the first resonance frequency. Then finite element analysis is utilized to validate the design and a prototype of the stage is fabricated for performance tests. According to the results of static and dynamic tests, the resonance frequencies of the developed stage are over 13.6 kHz and the workspace is 11.2??m × 11.6??m with the cross-coupling between two axes less than 0.52%. It is clearly demonstrated that the developed stage has high resonance frequencies, a relatively large travel range, and nearly decoupled performance between two axes. For high-speed tracking performance tests, an inversion-based feedforward controller is implemented for the stage to compensate for the positioning errors caused by mechanical vibration. The experimental results show that good tracking performance at high speed is achieved, which validates the effectiveness of the developed stage.

Li, Chun-Xia; Gu, Guo-Ying; Yang, Mei-Ju; Zhu, Li-Min, E-mail: zhulm@sjtu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Early Solar System Chronology K.D. McKeegan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and to a first approximation can be thought of as ``hand samples'' of the condensable portion of the solar nebula1.16 Early Solar System Chronology K.D. McKeegan University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Meteorites as Probes of Early Solar System Evolution 2 1.16.1.2 Short-Lived Radioactivity at the Origin

Reiners, Peter W.

487

Early Power Grid Verification Under Circuit Current Uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Power Grid Verification Under Circuit Current Uncertainties Imad A. Ferzli Department of ECE Eindhoven, The Netherlands lars@magma-da.com ABSTRACT As power grid safety becomes increasingly important in modern integrated circuits, so does the need to start power grid verifica- tion early in the design cycle

Najm, Farid N.

488

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism Associated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism Associated With an Increase in Cortical Surface, PhD; Chad Chappell, MA; Rachel Gimpel Smith, BA; Clement Vachet, MS; Joseph Piven, MD Context: Brain. Objective: To investigate early growth trajectories in brain volume and cortical thickness. Design

Utah, University of

489

On the Early Tension between String Theory and Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Early Tension between String Theory and Phenomenology L. Clavelli Department of Physics noticeable tension between string theory and phenomenology in particle physics. It is interesting to muse theory and phenomenology is more easily understandable than that of the early days. Today it is primarily

Clavelli, Louis J.

490

Energy Department Scientists and Engineers Honored with Presidential Early  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Scientists and Engineers Honored with Energy Department Scientists and Engineers Honored with Presidential Early Career Awards Energy Department Scientists and Engineers Honored with Presidential Early Career Awards December 19, 2008 - 9:16am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - At a White House ceremony today, eight "early career" researchers, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), were honored with the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE)-the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers who are early in their independent research careers. The DOE awardees were recognized for their research efforts in a variety of issues, from computational biology to atomic,

491

Secretary Chu Announces 68 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

68 Scientists to Receive Early Career 68 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research Program Funding Secretary Chu Announces 68 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research Program Funding May 18, 2012 - 3:05pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 386-4940 WASHINGTON - Underscoring the Obama Administration's commitment to investing in innovation and the American workforce, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that 68 scientists from across the nation will receive up to $18.9 million in funding for research grants as part of DOE's Early Career Research Program. The effort, now in its third year, is designed to bolster the nation's scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during the crucial early career years, when many scientists do their most formative work.

492

Energy Department Announces 61 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 Scientists to Receive Early Career 61 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research Program Funding Energy Department Announces 61 Scientists to Receive Early Career Research Program Funding May 7, 2013 - 12:56pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Underscoring the Obama Administration's commitment to investing in innovation and the American workforce, Acting Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman today announced that 61 scientists from across the nation will receive up to $15.3 million in funding for research as part of the Energy Department's Early Career Research Program. The effort, now in its fourth year, is designed to bolster the nation's scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during the crucial early career years, when many scientists do their most formative

493

Energy Department Early Career Scientists and Engineers Honored |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Early Career Scientists and Engineers Honored Early Career Scientists and Engineers Honored Energy Department Early Career Scientists and Engineers Honored November 1, 2007 - 4:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - At a White House ceremony today, eight "early career" researchers, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science and its National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), were honored for their work ranging from computer vision and machine intelligence to identifying genetic switches in the human genome. DOE's scientists are among 58 researchers supported by nine federal departments and agencies who received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. The Presidential award is the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers who

494

The Transuranium Elements: Early History (Nobel Lecture)  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

In this talk the author tells of the circumstances that led to the discovery of neptunium, the first element beyond uranium, and the partial identification of plutonium, the next one beyond that. The part of the story that lies before 1939 has already been recounted here in the Nobel lectures of Fermi and Hahn. Rather the author starts with the discovery of fission by Hahn and Strassmann. News of this momentous discovery reached Berkeley early in 1939. The staff of the Radiation Laboratory was put into a state of great excitement and several experiments of a nature designed to check and extend the announced results were started, using ionization chambers and pulse amplifiers, cloud chambers, chemical methods, and so forth. The author decided to do an experiment of a very simple kind. When a nucleus of uranium absorbs a neutron and fission takes place, the two resulting fragments fly apart with great violence, sufficient to propel them through air or other matter for some distance. This distance, called the "range", is quantity of some interest, and the author undertook to measure it by observing the depth of penetration of the fission fragments in a stack of thin aluminum foils. The fission fragments came from a thin layer of uranium oxide spread on a sheet of paper, and exposed to neutrons from a beryllium target bombarded by 8 Mev deuterons in the 37-inch cyclotron. The aluminum foils, each with a thickness of about half a milligram per square centimeter, were stacked like the pages of a book in immediate contact with the layer of uranium oxide. After exposure to the neutrons, the sheets of aluminum were separated and examined for radioactivity by means of an ionization chamber. The fission fragments of course are radioactive atoms, and their activity is found where they stop.

McMillan, E. M.

1951-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

495

Thermodynamic analysis on a two-stage transcritical CO2 heat pump cycle with double ejectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, two ejectors are proposed as expansion devices for a two-stage transcritical CO2 heat pump cycle to enhance the cycle performance. The two ejectors are arranged at the low- and high-pressure stages, respectively, to recover more available expansion work, and significantly reduce the throttling loss at each stage. The performance of the improved two-stage cycle is evaluated by using the developed mathematical model, and then compared with those of the basic two-stage cycle with a flash tank. The simulation results show that the improved two-stage cycle exhibits higher heating COP and volumetric heating capacity compared to the basic two-stage cycle. By further incorporating an internal heat exchanger, the heating COP can be increased by 10.5–30.6% above that of the baseline cycle when the subcooling degree varied from 0 to 15 °C under given operation conditions of ?15 °C evaporating temperature, 10 MPa gas cooler pressure and 35 °C outlet temperature. Additionally, the effects of the gas cooler pressure and intermediate pressure on the maximal heating COP are also discussed.

Meibo Xing; Jianlin Yu; Xiaoqin Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Those early days as we remember them (part V) - Met Lab and Argonne's Early  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

V) V) About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Promethean Boldness

497

Those early days as we remember them (Part I) - Met Lab & Early Argonne History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Those early days as we remember them Austin M. Brues Biological and Medical Research Division I would like to start my story a few months before I joined the Metallurgical Laboratory in the fall of 1944. I was engaged in some wartime research on battlefield shock, and was involved in some therapy and research with P 32 ; in the course of which I was accustomed to carrying tubes of it between M.I.T. and my laboratory in a shirt pocket.

498

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Early Detection of Steel Rebar Corrosion by Acoustic Emission Monitoring Alan D. Zdunek and David Prine BIRL Industrial Research, Evanston, IL 60201 Paper No. 547 presented at CORROSION95, the NACE International Annual Conference