Sample records for deep random chuck

  1. Compliant layer chucking surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blaedel, Kenneth L. (Dublin, CA); Spence, Paul A. (Pleasanton, CA); Thompson, Samuel L. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2004-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are described wherein a thin layer of complaint material is deposited on the surface of a chuck to mitigate the deformation that an entrapped particle might cause in the part, such as a mask or a wafer, that is clamped to the chuck. The harder particle will embed into the softer layer as the clamping pressure is applied. The material composing the thin layer could be a metal or a polymer for vacuum or electrostatic chucks. It may be deposited in various patterns to affect an interrupted surface, such as that of a "pin" chuck, thereby reducing the probability of entrapping a particle.

  2. Micromachined silicon electrostatic chuck

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Robert A. (Albuquerque, NM); Seager, Carleton H. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrostatic chuck is faced with a patterned silicon plate 11, created y micromachining a silicon wafer, which is attached to a metallic base plate 13. Direct electrical contact between the chuck face 15 (patterned silicon plate's surface) and the silicon wafer 17 it is intended to hold is prevented by a pattern of flat-topped silicon dioxide islands 19 that protrude less than 5 micrometers from the otherwise flat surface of the chuck face 15. The islands 19 may be formed in any shape. Islands may be about 10 micrometers in diameter or width and spaced about 100 micrometers apart. One or more concentric rings formed around the periphery of the area between the chuck face 15 and wafer 17 contain a low-pressure helium thermal-contact gas used to assist heat removal during plasma etching of a silicon wafer held by the chuck. The islands 19 are tall enough and close enough together to prevent silicon-to-silicon electrical contact in the space between the islands, and the islands occupy only a small fraction of the total area of the chuck face 15, typically 0.5 to 5 percent. The pattern of the islands 19, together with at least one hole 12 bored through the silicon veneer into the base plate, will provide sufficient gas-flow space to allow the distribution of the helium thermal-contact gas.

  3. Micromachined silicon electrostatic chuck

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, R.A.; Seager, C.H.

    1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrostatic chuck is faced with a patterned silicon plate, created by micromachining a silicon wafer, which is attached to a metallic base plate. Direct electrical contact between the chuck face (patterned silicon plate`s surface) and the silicon wafer it is intended to hold is prevented by a pattern of flat-topped silicon dioxide islands that protrude less than 5 micrometers from the otherwise flat surface of the chuck face. The islands may be formed in any shape. Islands may be about 10 micrometers in diameter or width and spaced about 100 micrometers apart. One or more concentric rings formed around the periphery of the area between the chuck face and wafer contain a low-pressure helium thermal-contact gas used to assist heat removal during plasma etching of a silicon wafer held by the chuck. The islands are tall enough and close enough together to prevent silicon-to-silicon electrical contact in the space between the islands, and the islands occupy only a small fraction of the total area of the chuck face, typically 0.5 to 5 percent. The pattern of the islands, together with at least one hole bored through the silicon veneer into the base plate, will provide sufficient gas-flow space to allow the distribution of the helium thermal-contact gas. 6 figs.

  4. Cooking with Beef Chuck Roast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    ? teaspoon ground black pepper 1 teaspoon dried oregano leaves (if you like) 1 tablespoon vegetable oil 3-pound chuck roast, thawed ? cup water 1 small onion, chopped 4 carrots, washed, peeled and cut in half (if you like) 8 small red potatoes, washed and cut...

  5. Projection lithography with distortion compensation using reticle chuck contouring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A chuck for holding a reflective reticle where the chuck has an insulator block with a non-planer surface contoured to cause distortion correction of EUV radiation is provided. Upon being placed on the chuck, a thin, pliable reflective reticle will conform to the contour of the chuck's non-planer surface. When employed in a scanning photolithography system, distortion in the scanned direction is corrected.

  6. Electrostatically screened, voltage-controlled electrostatic chuck

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing an electrostatically screened, voltage-controlled electrostatic chuck particularly suited for holding wafers and masks in sub-atmospheric operations will significantly reduce the likelihood of contaminant deposition on the substrates. The electrostatic chuck includes (1) an insulator block having a outer perimeter and a planar surface adapted to support the substrate and comprising at least one electrode (typically a pair of electrodes that are embedded in the insulator block), (2) a source of voltage that is connected to the at least one electrode, (3) a support base to which the insulator block is attached, and (4) a primary electrostatic shield ring member that is positioned around the outer perimeter of the insulator block. The electrostatic chuck permits control of the voltage of the lithographic substrate; in addition, it provides electrostatic shielding of the stray electric fields issuing from the sides of the electrostatic chuck. The shielding effectively prevents electric fields from wrapping around to the upper or front surface of the substrate, thereby eliminating electrostatic particle deposition.

  7. Charles "Chuck" Farrar to receive DeMichele Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Farrar to receive DeMichele Award Charles "Chuck" Farrar to receive DeMichele Award The award is presented for demonstrated "exemplary service and support of promoting the science...

  8. Chuck Kessel Wins the 2015 Fusion Technology Award | Princeton Plasma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms AboutRESEARCH CAPABILITIES Thematerials |Physics Lab Chuck

  9. The Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Project: Retail Cuts From the Chuck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Sarah

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    through fabrication, and the chucks were collected in combos. They then were shipped via refrigerated truck to the Rosenthal Meat Science and Technology Center at Texas A&M University and stored (0-4 ?C) until fabrication. 3.2. Fabrication Chucks... ........................................................... 15 4.1. Separable tissue components of raw and cooked retail cuts .... 15 4.2. Proximate analysis of the separable lean ................................. 16 4.3. Cooking...

  10. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) All stock must be properly secured in the lathe chuck or mounted prior to the machining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    or mounted prior to the machining process taking place. Use the correct sized clamp or vise for the stockStandard Operating Procedure (SOP) ­ Lathe · All stock must be properly secured in the lathe chuck the spindle work has the cup center imbedded; tail, stock and tool rests are securely clamped

  11. Mean, variance, and temporal coherence of the 3D acoustic field forward propagated through random inhomogeneities in continental-shelf and deep ocean waveguides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tianrun

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When an acoustic field propagates through a multimodal waveguide, the effect of variations in medium properties induced by 3D random inhomogeneities accumulates by multiple forward scattering over range. This causes ...

  12. Deep Web Web Deep Web Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deep Web 100872 Deep Web Web Deep Web Web Web Deep Web Deep Web TP391 A Uncertain Schema Matching in Deep Web Integration Service JIANG Fang-Jiao MENG Xiao-Feng JIA Lin-Lin (School of Information, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872) Abstract: With increasing of Deep Web, providing

  13. Deep Research Submarine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woertz, Jeff

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Deep Sea Research Submarine (Figure 1) is a modified VIRGINIA Class Submarine that incorporates a permanently installed Deep Sea Operations Compartment (Figure 2). Table 1 summarizes the characteristics of the Deep ...

  14. Jobtong Deep Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jobtong Deep Web Web Web Web""Surface WebDeep Web Surface WebDeep Web Web[1] 20007BrightPlanet.comDeep Web[2] Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUC5Deep Web[3]2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000"" Deep Web""Google Yahoo32%Deep Web WAMDMWebDeep WebJobtong Deep Web (Jobtong) Jobtong(, http

  15. DEXA'11, Toulouse, France, 31.08.2011 Sampling National Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    DEXA'11, Toulouse, France, 31.08.2011 Sampling National Deep Web Denis Shestakov, fname-IP cluster random sampling Results Conclusions #12;Background Deep Web: web content behind search, the science and practice of deep web crawling is in its infancy" (in 'Web crawling', Olston&Najork, 2010) #12

  16. Deep Web video

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None Available

    2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    To make the web work better for science, OSTI has developed state-of-the-art technologies and services including a deep web search capability. The deep web includes content in searchable databases available to web users but not accessible by popular search engines, such as Google. This video provides an introduction to the deep web search engine.

  17. Deep Web video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None Available

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To make the web work better for science, OSTI has developed state-of-the-art technologies and services including a deep web search capability. The deep web includes content in searchable databases available to web users but not accessible by popular search engines, such as Google. This video provides an introduction to the deep web search engine.

  18. Randomized metarounding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CARR,ROBERT D.; VEMPALA,SANTOSH

    2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present a new technique for the design of approximation algorithms that can be viewed as a generalization of randomized rounding. They derive new or improved approximation guarantees for a class of generalized congestion problems such as multicast congestion, multiple TSP etc. Their main mathematical tool is a structural decomposition theorem related to the integrality gap of a relaxation.

  19. Deep-fried Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkhold, Sarah

    2000-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-fried Turkey by Sarah G. Birkhold Assistant Professor and Extension Poultry Specialist, The Texas A&M University System lemon pepper can be applied both inside and outside the bird. Prepared marinades, available from the grocer, also can...

  20. Exploration for deep coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The most important factor in safe mining is the quality of the roof. The article explains how the Rosebud Mining Co. conducts drilling and exploration in 11 deep coal mine throughout Pennsylvania and Ohio. Rosebud uses two Atlas Copco CS10 core drilling rigs mounted on 4-wheel drive trucks. The article first appeared in Atlas Copco's in-house magazine, Deep Hole Driller. 3 photos.

  1. Wave runup on cylinders subject to deep water random waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indrebo, Ann Kristin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accurate prediction of wave runup on deepwater offshore platform columns is of great importance for design engineers. Although linear predictive models are commonly used in the design and analysis process, many of the important effects...

  2. Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications

  3. Spacer for deep wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, G. D.

    1984-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A spacer for use in a deep well that is to have a submersible pump situated downhole and with a string of tubing attached to the pump for delivering the pumped fluid. The pump is electrically driven, and power is supplied via an armored cable which parallels the string of tubing. Spacers are clamped to the cable and have the tubing running through an eccentrically located passage in each spacer. The outside dimensions of a spacer fit freely inside any casing in the well.

  4. World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deep Web Web World Wide WebWWWDeep Web Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web Deep Web 1 World Wide Web [1] Web 200,000TB Web Web Web Internet Web Web Web "" Surface Web Deep Web Surface Web 21.3% Surface Web Deep Web [2] Deep Web Web Crawler Deep Web 1 Web

  5. Selling Random Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Eilyan Yamen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clean, renewable sources of energy with rapid return on investment.clean energy sources into the electric grid at deep penetration levels There is a considerable investment

  6. A deep earthquake goes supershear

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, R. Mark

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic analysis of an aftershock off Russias Kamchatka Peninsula offers evidence that deep earthquakes are more complicated than geoscientists realized.

  7. Random solutions of random problems...are not just random

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achlioptas, Dimitris

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Let I(n,m) denote a uniformly random instance of some constraint satisfaction problem CSP with n variables and m constraints. Assume that the density r=m/n is small enough so that with high probability I(n,m) has a solution, and consider the experiment of first choosing an instance I=I(n,m) at random, and then sampling a random solution sigma of I (if one exists). For many CSPs (e.g., k-SAT, k-NAE, or k-coloring), this experiment appears difficult both to implement and to analyze; in fact, for a large range of r, no efficient algorithm is known to even compute a single solution of I. In the present paper we show that for many CSPs the above experiment is essentially equivalent to first choosing a random assignment sigma to the n variables, and then drawing a random instance satisfied by sigma uniformly. In general, this second experiment is very easy to implement and amenable to a rigorous analysis. In fact, using this equivalence, we can analyze the solution space of random CSPs. Thus, we can achieve the lon...

  8. Random walk in random environment: a dynamicist's approch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, I-Shih

    , equivalently: RW in a (quenched) disordered medium, or: Random walk in random environment (RWRE) Marco LenciRandom walk in random environment: a dynamicist's approch Marco Lenci Universit`a di Bologna RWRE #12;Random walk in random environment Random walk (RW): Point (particle, walker) travels on Zd

  9. Continuous Time Random Walks and South Spain Seismic Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Posadas; J. Morales; F. Vidal; O. Sotolongo-Costa; J. C. Antoranz

    2002-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Levy flights were introduced through the mathematical research of the algebra or random variables with infinite moments. Mandelbrot recognized that the Levy flight prescription had a deep connection to scale-invariant fractal random walk trajectories. The theory of Continuous Time Random Walks (CTRW) can be described in terms of Levy distribution functions and it can be used to explain some earthquake characteristics like the distribution of waiting times and hypocenter locations in a seismic region. This paper checks the validity of this assumption analyzing three seismic series localized in South Spain. The three seismic series (Alboran, Antequera and Loja) show qualitatively the same behavior, although there are quantitative differences between them.

  10. Focal Species and Representative Habitats Chuck Peven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) recruitment, and flood control efforts that include LWD removal, berm construction, and stream channelization extensively at habitat use and conditions within the Wenatchee River Basin. They used the Habitat Quality any of the variation for bull trout, while the total salmonid density and biomass varied significantly

  11. Cooking with Beef Chuck Roast (Spanish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    ?rvalo sobre un bollo. Producido por AgriLife Communications, El Sistema Texas A&M Las publicaciones de Texas AgriLife Extension se pueden encontrar en Internet en: http://AgriLifebookstore.org Los programas educativos de Texas AgriLife Extension Service est...

  12. Cooking with Beef Chuck Roast (Spanish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Estados Unidos: asado de lomo y cuello de res), por Jenna Anding, Profesora Asociada y Extensionista Especialista en Nutrici?n, El Sistema Texas A&M. ambiente, puesto que aunque lo cocine puede causarle alguna enfermedad. Almacenamiento Mantenga la carne...?rvalo sobre un bollo. Producido por AgriLife Communications, El Sistema Texas A&M Las publicaciones de Texas AgriLife Extension se pueden encontrar en Internet en: http://AgriLifebookstore.org Los programas educativos de Texas AgriLife Extension Service est...

  13. BGRR and HFBR Decommissioning Chuck Armitage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Operated 1950 ­ 1968 Decommissioning actions completed: · Fuel removed (1972) · Primary air cooling fans in the pile ­ the majority of the activity produces low energy beta radiation #12;7 Remote Graphite Removal Equipment #12;8 Remote Manipulator for Graphite Removal #12;9 Contamination Control Enclosure (CCE) #12

  14. Method of deep drilling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colgate, Stirling A. (4616 Ridgeway, Los Alamos, NM 87544)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep drilling is facilitated by the following steps practiced separately or in any combination: (1) Periodically and sequentially fracturing zones adjacent the bottom of the bore hole with a thixotropic fastsetting fluid that is accepted into the fracture to overstress the zone, such fracturing and injection being periodic as a function of the progression of the drill. (2) Casing the bore hole with ductile, pre-annealed casing sections, each of which is run down through the previously set casing and swaged in situ to a diameter large enough to allow the next section to run down through it. (3) Drilling the bore hole using a drill string of a low density alloy and a high density drilling mud so that the drill string is partially floated.

  15. The Environmental Aspects of Deep Seabed Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindt, John Warren

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United States Deep Seabed Mining, 19 WM. & MARY L. REV. 77 (Aspects of Deep Seabed Mining" John Warren Kindt* I.with deep seabed mining. As of 1988, the available

  16. Random coincidence of $2\

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. M. Chernyak; F. A. Danevich; A. Giuliani; E. Olivieri; M. Tenconi; V. I. Tretyak

    2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Two neutrino double $\\beta$ decay can create irremovable background even in high energy resolution detectors searching for neutrinoless double $\\beta$ decay due to random coincidence of $2\

  17. DEEP Summer Academy 2015 Request for Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prodi, Aleksandar

    DEEP Summer Academy 2015 Request for Proposals Deadline: November 30th 2014 Primary Contact: DEEP Request for Proposals: DEEP Summer Academy 2015 About the Engineering Outreach Office The Engineering Office, visit: http://outreach.engineering.utoronto.ca/aboutus.htm Overview of DEEP Summer Academy

  18. WebDeep Web Surface Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Web WebWeb WebWeb WebHTML Web WebDeep Web Surface Web " " Deep Web21 Dot-ComWebWeb2.0 WebWeb ""Web WebWeb Deep Web WebWeb SNS Web WebWeb 20017BrightPlanet.comDeep Web Web43,000-96,000Web7,500TB(Surface Web500) UIUCDeep Web2004Deep Web 307,000366,000-535,000 WebDeep Web "" Deep Web 1 Web Web #12

  19. Random walks in random environment Tom Schmitz (MPI Leipzig)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thalmaier, Anton

    Random walks in random environment Tom Schmitz (MPI Leipzig) The model of random walks in random environment (RWRE) originates from physical and biological sciences and describes a random motion in a disordered medium. We consider RWRE on the d-dimensional lattice. The jump probabil- ities are themselves

  20. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

  1. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

  2. Stimulation Technologies for Deep Well Completions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring the Deep Trek Program targeted at improving the economics of drilling and completing deep gas wells. Under the DOE program, Pinnacle Technologies is conducting a study to evaluate the stimulation of deep wells. The objective of the project is to assess U.S. deep well drilling & stimulation activity, review rock mechanics & fracture growth in deep, high pressure/temperature wells and evaluate stimulation technology in several key deep plays. An assessment of historical deep gas well drilling activity and forecast of future trends was completed during the first six months of the project; this segment of the project was covered in Technical Project Report No. 1. The second progress report covers the next six months of the project during which efforts were primarily split between summarizing rock mechanics and fracture growth in deep reservoirs and contacting operators about case studies of deep gas well stimulation.

  3. STIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEEP WELL COMPLETIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Wolhart

    2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring a Deep Trek Program targeted at improving the economics of drilling and completing deep gas wells. Under the DOE program, Pinnacle Technologies is conducting a project to evaluate the stimulation of deep wells. The objective of the project is to assess U.S. deep well drilling & stimulation activity, review rock mechanics & fracture growth in deep, high pressure/temperature wells and evaluate stimulation technology in several key deep plays. Phase 1 was recently completed and consisted of assessing deep gas well drilling activity (1995-2007) and an industry survey on deep gas well stimulation practices by region. Of the 29,000 oil, gas and dry holes drilled in 2002, about 300 were drilled in the deep well; 25% were dry, 50% were high temperature/high pressure completions and 25% were simply deep completions. South Texas has about 30% of these wells, Oklahoma 20%, Gulf of Mexico Shelf 15% and the Gulf Coast about 15%. The Rockies represent only 2% of deep drilling. Of the 60 operators who drill deep and HTHP wells, the top 20 drill almost 80% of the wells. Six operators drill half the U.S. deep wells. Deep drilling peaked at 425 wells in 1998 and fell to 250 in 1999. Drilling is expected to rise through 2004 after which drilling should cycle down as overall drilling declines.

  4. Bridges of Random Walks in a Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 25, 2010 ... Bridges of Random Walks in a Random Environment. Jonathon Peterson. Cornell University. Department of Mathematics. Joint work with Nina...

  5. Directed random testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacheco, Carlos, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Random testing can quickly generate many tests, is easy to implement, scales to large software applications, and reveals software errors. But it tends to generate many tests that are illegal or that exercise the same parts ...

  6. Exponential Random Simplicial Complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuev, Konstantin; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exponential random graph models have attracted significant research attention over the past decades. These models are maximum-entropy ensembles under the constraints that the expected values of a set of graph observables are equal to given values. Here we extend these maximum-entropy ensembles to random simplicial complexes, which are more adequate and versatile constructions to model complex systems in many applications. We show that many random simplicial complex models considered in the literature can be casted as maximum-entropy ensembles under certain constraints. We introduce and analyze the most general random simplicial complex ensemble $\\mathbf{\\Delta}$ with statistically independent simplices. Our analysis is simplified by the observation that any distribution $\\mathbb{P}(O)$ on any collection of objects $\\mathcal{O}=\\{O\\}$, including graphs and simplicial complexes, is maximum-entropy under the constraint that the expected value of $-\\ln \\mathbb{P}(O)$ is equal to the entropy of the distribution. W...

  7. Stimulation Technologies for Deep Well Completions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen Wolhart

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring the Deep Trek Program targeted at improving the economics of drilling and completing deep gas wells. Under the DOE program, Pinnacle Technologies conducted a study to evaluate the stimulation of deep wells. The objective of the project was to review U.S. deep well drilling and stimulation activity, review rock mechanics and fracture growth in deep, high-pressure/temperature wells and evaluate stimulation technology in several key deep plays. This report documents results from this project.

  8. Random array grid collimator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, E.E.

    1980-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A hexagonally shaped quasi-random no-two-holes touching grid collimator. The quasi-random array grid collimator eliminates contamination from small angle off-axis rays by using a no-two-holes-touching pattern which simultaneously provides for a self-supporting array increasng throughput by elimination of a substrate. The presentation invention also provides maximum throughput using hexagonally shaped holes in a hexagonal lattice pattern for diffraction limited applications. Mosaicking is also disclosed for reducing fabrication effort.

  9. Recycle of random sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobuyasu Ito; Macoto Kikuchi; Yutaka Okabe

    1993-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The correlation between a random sequence and its transformed sequences is studied. In the case of a permutation operation or, in other word, the shuffling operation, it is shown that the correlation can be so small that the sequences can be regarded as independent random sequences. The applications to the Monte Carlo simulations are also given. This method is especially useful in the Ising Monte Carlo simulation.

  10. Random multiparty entanglement distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Fortescue; Hoi-Kwong Lo

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe various results related to the random distillation of multiparty entangled states - that is, conversion of such states into entangled states shared between fewer parties, where those parties are not predetermined. In previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 260501 (2007)] we showed that certain output states (namely Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs) could be reliably acquired from a prescribed initial multipartite state (namely the W state) via random distillation that could not be reliably created between predetermined parties. Here we provide a more rigorous definition of what constitutes ``advantageous'' random distillation. We show that random distillation is always advantageous for W-class three-qubit states (but only sometimes for Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ)-class states). We show that the general class of multiparty states known as symmetric Dicke states can be readily converted to many other states in the class via random distillation. Finally we show that random distillation is provably not advantageous in the limit of multiple copies of pure states.

  11. Going Deep vs. Going Wide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Going Deep vs. Going Wide, from the Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions Conference 2012. Provides an overview on the progress of four energy efficiency programs: Clean Energy Works Oregon, Efficiency Maine, Energy Upgrade California Flex Path, and EcoHouse Loan Program.

  12. Deep-web search engine ranking algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Brian Wai Fung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep web refers to content that is hidden behind HTML forms. The deep web contains a large collection of data that are unreachable by link-based search engines. A study conducted at University of California, Berkeley ...

  13. Deep Web Entity Monitoring Mohammadreza Khelghati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Deep Web Entity Monitoring Mohammadreza Khelghati Database Group University of Twente, Netherlands. This data is defined as hidden web or deep web which is not accessible through search engines. It is estimated that deep web contains data in a scale several times bigger than the data accessible through

  14. Sampling the National Deep Web Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Sampling the National Deep Web Denis Shestakov Department of Media Technology, Aalto University pages filled with information from myriads of online databases. This part of the Web, known as the deep a problem of deep Web characterization: how to estimate the total number of online databases on the Web? We

  15. Deep reflection-mode photoacoustic imaging of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lihong

    near-infrared laser pulses of 804-nm wavelength for PA excitation to achieve deep penetration-frequency PAM system. To achieve deep penetration of light, we chose the 804-nm near-infrared wavelengthDeep reflection-mode photoacoustic imaging of biological tissue Kwang Hyun Song and Lihong V. Wang

  16. A discrete fractional random transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhengjun Liu; Haifa Zhao; Shutian Liu

    2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a discrete fractional random transform based on a generalization of the discrete fractional Fourier transform with an intrinsic randomness. Such discrete fractional random transform inheres excellent mathematical properties of the fractional Fourier transform along with some fantastic features of its own. As a primary application, the discrete fractional random transform has been used for image encryption and decryption.

  17. Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail, Milena

    1 Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs Milena Mihail Amin Saberi Prasad Tetali Georgia Institute of Technology Email: mihail, saberi @cc.gatech.edu tetali@math.cc.gatech.edu Abstract

  18. Randomization vs. Nondeterminisma What are the differences between randomized algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

    Inequalitya Lemma 61 Let x be a random variable taking nonnegative integer values. Then for any k > 0, prob[ x

  19. Deep Vadose Zone Field Activities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support forDeep Insights from Thin

  20. Device Independent Random Number Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mataj Pivoluska; Martin Plesch

    2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Randomness is an invaluable resource in today's life with a broad use reaching from numerical simulations through randomized algorithms to cryptography. However, on the classical level no true randomness is available and even the use of simple quantum devices in a prepare-measure setting suffers from lack of stability and controllability. This gave rise to a group of quantum protocols that provide randomness certified by classical statistical tests -- Device Independent Quantum Random Number Generators. In this paper we review the most relevant results in this field, which allow the production of almost perfect randomness with help of quantum devices, supplemented with an arbitrary weak source of additional randomness. This is in fact the best one could hope for to achieve, as with no starting randomness (corresponding to no free will in a different concept) even a quantum world would have a fully deterministic description.

  1. Random Selection for Drug Screening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Center for Human Reliability Studies

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simple random sampling is generally the starting point for a random sampling process. This sampling technique ensures that each individual within a group (population) has an equal chance of being selected. There are a variety of ways to implement random sampling in a practical situation.

  2. . . . . . 85 . . . . . International Deep Drawing Research Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . . . . . 85 . . . . . International Deep Drawing Research Group IDDRG 2009 International 20899-855 USA e-mail: mark.iadicola@nist.gov, Web page: www

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: Deep Borehole Disposal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (NESL) Brayton Lab SCO2 Brayton Cycle Technology Videos Heat Exchanger Development Diffusion Bonding Characterization Mechanical Testing Deep Borehole Disposal Nuclear...

  4. Deep water gives up another secret

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, CE

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water gives up another secret Craig E. Manning 1 Departmentstep toward unlocking the secrets of Earths deep ?uids. 1

  5. SYSTEMS OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL RANDOM WALKS IN A COMMON RANDOM ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Jonathon

    SYSTEMS OF ONE-DIMENSIONAL RANDOM WALKS IN A COMMON RANDOM ENVIRONMENT JONATHON PETERSON Abstract. We consider a system of independent one-dimensional random walks in a common random environment under-dimensional random walks in a common random environment. We modify the standard notion of random walks in random

  6. Deep into Pharo ESUG 2013 Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Deep into Pharo ESUG 2013 Edition Alexandre Bergel Damien Cassou Stéphane Ducasse Jannik Laval #12;ii This book is available as a free download from http://rmod.lille.inria.fr/deep of this work. The best way to do this is with a link to this web page: creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-sa/3

  7. Ventilation of the Baltic Sea deep water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohrholz, Volker

    , Powstaców Warszawy 55, PL­81­712 Sopot, Poland 4 Department of Oceanography, G¨oteborg University, Box 460 by thermohaline intrusions, ventilate the deep water of the eastern Gotland Basin. A recent study of the energy that about 30% of the energy needed below the halocline for deep water mixing is explained by the breaking

  8. Accelerated Randomized Benchmarking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Granade; Christopher Ferrie; D. G. Cory

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum information processing offers promising advances for a wide range of fields and applications, provided that we can efficiently assess the performance of the control applied in candidate systems. That is, we must be able to determine whether we have implemented a desired gate, and refine accordingly. Randomized benchmarking reduces the difficulty of this task by exploiting symmetries in quantum operations. Here, we bound the resources required for benchmarking and show that, with prior information, we can achieve several orders of magnitude better accuracy than in traditional approaches to benchmarking. Moreover, by building on state-of-the-art classical algorithms, we reach these accuracies with near-optimal resources. Our approach requires an order of magnitude less data to achieve the same accuracies and to provide online estimates of the errors in the reported fidelities. We also show that our approach is useful for physical devices by comparing to simulations. Our results thus enable the application of randomized benchmarking in new regimes, and dramatically reduce the experimental effort required to assess control fidelities in quantum systems. Finally, our work is based on open-source scientific libraries, and can readily be applied in systems of interest.

  9. Random rectangular Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estrada, Ernesto

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalization of the random geometric graph (RGG) model is proposed by considering a set of points uniformly and independently distributed on a rectangle of unit area instead of on a unit square \\left[0,1\\right]^{2}. The topological properties, such as connectivity, average degree, average path length and clustering, of the random rectangular graphs (RRGs) generated by this model are then studied as a function of the rectangle sides lengths a and b=1/a, and the radius r used to connect the nodes. When a=1 we recover the RGG, and when a\\rightarrow\\infty the very elongated rectangle generated resembles a one-dimensional RGG. We provided computational and analytical evidence that the topological properties of the RRG differ significantly from those of the RGG. The connectivity of the RRG depends not only on the number of nodes as in the case of the RGG, but also on the side length of the rectangle. As the rectangle is more elongated the critical radius for connectivity increases following first a power-law an...

  10. Central Limit Theorem for Branching Random Walks in Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobuo Yoshida

    2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider branching random walks in $d$-dimensional integer lattice with time-space i.i.d. offspring distributions. When $d \\ge 3$ and the fluctuation of the environment is well moderated by the random walk, we prove a central limit theorem for the density of the population, together with upper bounds for the density of the most populated site and the replica overlap. We also discuss the phase transition of this model in connection with directed polymers in random environment.

  11. Stretched Polymers in Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Ioffe; Yvan Velenik

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We survey recent results and open questions on the ballistic phase of stretched polymers in both annealed and quenched random environments.

  12. Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned This presentation by Alea German is included in the...

  13. SciTech Connect: Deep Borehole Disposal Research: Geological...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Deep Borehole Disposal Research: Geological Data Evaluation Alternative Waste Forms and Borehole Seals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Deep Borehole Disposal Research:...

  14. Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and Impact to Groundwater. Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and...

  15. article deep impact: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    traits among species arose early in the evolutionary history of major clades (deep history Pianka, Eric R. 6 IMPACT CRATERING THEORY AND MODELING FOR THE DEEP IMPACT MISSION:...

  16. Coring in deep hardrock formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy is involved in a variety of scientific and engineering feasibility studies requiring extensive drilling in hard crystalline rock. In many cases well depths extend from 6000 to 20,000 feet in high-temperature, granitic formations. Examples of such projects are the Hot Dry Rock well system at Fenton Hill, New Mexico and the planned exploratory magma well near Mammoth Lakes, California. In addition to these programs, there is also continuing interest in supporting programs to reduce drilling costs associated with the production of geothermal energy from underground sources such as the Geysers area near San Francisco, California. The overall progression in these efforts is to drill deeper holes in higher temperature, harder formations. In conjunction with this trend is a desire to improve the capability to recover geological information. Spot coring and continuous coring are important elements in this effort. It is the purpose of this report to examine the current methods used to obtain core from deep wells and to suggest projects which will improve existing capabilities. 28 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. NATURAL GAS RESOURCES IN DEEP SEDIMENTARY BASINS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thaddeus S. Dyman; Troy Cook; Robert A. Crovelli; Allison A. Henry; Timothy C. Hester; Ronald C. Johnson; Michael D. Lewan; Vito F. Nuccio; James W. Schmoker; Dennis B. Riggin; Christopher J. Schenk

    2002-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    From a geological perspective, deep natural gas resources are generally defined as resources occurring in reservoirs at or below 15,000 feet, whereas ultra-deep gas occurs below 25,000 feet. From an operational point of view, ''deep'' is often thought of in a relative sense based on the geologic and engineering knowledge of gas (and oil) resources in a particular area. Deep gas can be found in either conventionally-trapped or unconventional basin-center accumulations that are essentially large single fields having spatial dimensions often exceeding those of conventional fields. Exploration for deep conventional and unconventional basin-center natural gas resources deserves special attention because these resources are widespread and occur in diverse geologic environments. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that 939 TCF of technically recoverable natural gas remained to be discovered or was part of reserve appreciation from known fields in the onshore areas and State waters of the United. Of this USGS resource, nearly 114 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of technically-recoverable gas remains to be discovered from deep sedimentary basins. Worldwide estimates of deep gas are also high. The U.S. Geological Survey World Petroleum Assessment 2000 Project recently estimated a world mean undiscovered conventional gas resource outside the U.S. of 844 Tcf below 4.5 km (about 15,000 feet). Less is known about the origins of deep gas than about the origins of gas at shallower depths because fewer wells have been drilled into the deeper portions of many basins. Some of the many factors contributing to the origin of deep gas include the thermal stability of methane, the role of water and non-hydrocarbon gases in natural gas generation, porosity loss with increasing thermal maturity, the kinetics of deep gas generation, thermal cracking of oil to gas, and source rock potential based on thermal maturity and kerogen type. Recent experimental simulations using laboratory pyrolysis methods have provided much information on the origins of deep gas. Technologic problems are one of the greatest challenges to deep drilling. Problems associated with overcoming hostile drilling environments (e.g. high temperatures and pressures, and acid gases such as CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S) for successful well completion, present the greatest obstacles to drilling, evaluating, and developing deep gas fields. Even though the overall success ratio for deep wells is about 50 percent, a lack of geological and geophysical information such as reservoir quality, trap development, and gas composition continues to be a major barrier to deep gas exploration. Results of recent finding-cost studies by depth interval for the onshore U.S. indicate that, on average, deep wells cost nearly 10 times more to drill than shallow wells, but well costs and gas recoveries vary widely among different gas plays in different basins. Based on an analysis of natural gas assessments, many topical areas hold significant promise for future exploration and development. One such area involves re-evaluating and assessing hypothetical unconventional basin-center gas plays. Poorly-understood basin-center gas plays could contain significant deep undiscovered technically-recoverable gas resources.

  18. Random Curves by Conformal Welding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Astala; P. Jones; A. Kupiainen; E. Saksman

    2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a conformally invariant random family of closed curves in the plane by welding of random homeomorphisms of the unit circle given in terms of the exponential of Gaussian Free Field. We conjecture that our curves are locally related to SLE$(\\kappa)$ for $\\kappa<4$.

  19. Random Curves by Conformal Welding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Astala, K; Kupiainen, A; Saksman, E

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a conformally invariant random family of closed curves in the plane by welding of random homeomorphisms of the unit circle given in terms of the exponential of Gaussian Free Field. We conjecture that our curves are locally related to SLE$(\\kappa)$ for $\\kappa<4$.

  20. Better Randomness with Single Photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oberreiter, Lukas

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Randomness is one of the most important resources in modern information science, since encryption founds upon the trust in random numbers. Since it is impossible to prove if an existing random bit string is truly random, it is relevant that they be generated in a trust worthy process. This requires specialized hardware for random numbers, for example a die or a tossed coin. But when all input parameters are known, their outcome might still be predicted. A quantum mechanical superposition allows for provably true random bit generation. In the past decade many quantum random number generators (QRNGs) were realized. A photonic implementation is described as a photon which impinges on a beam splitter, but such a protocol is rarely realized with non-classical light or anti-bunched single photons. Instead, laser sources or light emitting diodes are used. Here we analyze the difference in generating a true random bit string with a laser and with anti-bunched light. We show that a single photon source provides more r...

  1. Technological review of deep ocean manned submersibles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaskov, Alex Kikeri

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    James Cameron's dive to the Challenger Deep in the Deepsea Challenger in March of 2012 marked the first time man had returned to the Mariana Trench since the Bathyscaphe Trieste's 1960 dive. Currently little is known about ...

  2. Deep Borehole Disposal Research: Demonstration Site Selection...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Site Selection Guidelines, Borehole Seals Design, and RD&D Needs The U.S. Department of Energy has been investigating deep borehole disposal as one alternative for the disposal...

  3. Microbial life in the deep terrestrial subsurface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fliermans, C.B. [E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River Lab.; Balkwill, D.L. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Beeman, R.E. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)] [and others

    1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution and function of microorganisms is a vital issue in microbial ecology. The US Department of Energy`s Program, ``Microbiology of the Deep Subsurface,`` concentrates on establishing fundamental scientific information about organisms at depth, and the use of these organisms for remediation of contaminants in deep vadose zone and groundwater environments. This investigation effectively extends the Biosphere hundreds of meters into the Geosphere and has implications to a variety of subsurface activities.

  4. Government Information Interest Group (GIIG) Rolling in the Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nair, Sankar

    Government Information Interest Group (GIIG) Rolling in the Deep Web: Mining free resources;Most Science Info Is in the Deep Web Federated Searching Federated search drills down to the deep web where scientific databases reside Students and researchers need information from the deep web. Unlike

  5. Coherent instabilities in random lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreasen, Jonathan; Sebbah, Patrick; Vanneste, Christian [Laboratoire de Physique de la Matiere Condensee, CNRS UMR 6622, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, F-06108, Nice Cedex 02 (France)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical study is presented of random lasers as a function of the pumping rate above the threshold for lasing. Depending on the leakiness of the system resonances, which is typically larger in random lasers compared to conventional lasers, we observe that the stationary lasing regime becomes unstable above a second threshold. Coherent instabilities are observed as self pulsation at a single frequency of the output intensity, population inversion, as well as the atomic polarization. We find these Rabi oscillations have the same frequency everywhere in the random laser despite the fact that the field intensity strongly depends on the spatial location.

  6. DeepPose: Human Pose Estimation via Deep Neural Networks Alexander Toshev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    benchmarks of diverse real-world images. 1. Introduction The problem of human pose estimation, defined-world problems. In this work we ascribe to this holistic view of human pose estimation. We capitalize on recentDeepPose: Human Pose Estimation via Deep Neural Networks Alexander Toshev toshev@google.com Google

  7. Deep-Sea Coral Evidence for Rapid Change in Ventilation of the Deep North Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adkins, Jess F.

    Deep-Sea Coral Evidence for Rapid Change in Ventilation of the Deep North Atlantic 15,400 Years Ago radiocarbon and thorium-230 dates from benthic coral species reveal that the ventilation rate of the North to interstadials of longer dura- tion (5). One problem has been that the time resolution of sediments is limited

  8. Random Selection for Drug Screening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Center for Human Reliability Studies

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sampling is the process of choosing some members out of a group or population. Probablity sampling, or random sampling, is the process of selecting members by chance with a known probability of each individual being chosen.

  9. Randomized algorithms for reliable broadcast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaikuntanathan, Vinod

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we design randomized algorithms for classical problems in fault tolerant distributed computing in the full-information model. The full-information model is a strong adversarial model which imposes no ...

  10. RANDOM WALK IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL STRATIFIED MEDIUM WITH ORIENTATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RANDOM WALK IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL STRATIFIED MEDIUM WITH ORIENTATIONS ALEXIS oriented lattices, random walk in random environment, random walk in random scenery, functional limit-00634636,version2-24Nov2012 #12;RWRE IN A STRATIFIED ORIENTED MEDIUM 2 We denote by E and E

  11. Harnessing the Deep Web: Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madhavan, Jayant; Antova, Lyublena; Halevy, Alon

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past few years, we have built a system that has exposed large volumes of Deep-Web content to Google.com users. The content that our system exposes contributes to more than 1000 search queries per-second and spans over 50 languages and hundreds of domains. The Deep Web has long been acknowledged to be a major source of structured data on the web, and hence accessing Deep-Web content has long been a problem of interest in the data management community. In this paper, we report on where we believe the Deep Web provides value and where it does not. We contrast two very different approaches to exposing Deep-Web content -- the surfacing approach that we used, and the virtual integration approach that has often been pursued in the data management literature. We emphasize where the values of each of the two approaches lie and caution against potential pitfalls. We outline important areas of future research and, in particular, emphasize the value that can be derived from analyzing large collections of potenti...

  12. Deep drilling technology for hot crystalline rock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowley, J.C.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal systems at the Fenton Hill, New Mexico site has required the drilling of four deep boreholes into hot, Precambrian granitic and metamorphic rocks. Thermal gradient holes, four observation wells 200 m (600 ft) deep, and an exploration core hole 800 m (2400 ft) deep guided the siting of the four deep boreholes. Results derived from the exploration core hole, GT-1 (Granite Test No. 1), were especially important in providing core from the granitic rock, and establishing the conductive thermal gradient and heat flow for the granitic basement rocks. Essential stratigraphic data and lost drilling-fluid zones were identified for the volcanic and sedimentary rocks above the contact with the crystalline basement. Using this information drilling strategies and well designs were then devised for the planning of the deeper wells. The four deep wells were drilled in pairs, the shallowest were planned and drilled to depths of 3 km in 1975 at a bottom-hole temperature of nearly 200/sup 0/C. These boreholes were followed by a pair of wells, completed in 1981, the deepest of which penetrated the Precambrian basement to a vertical depth of 4.39 km at a temperature of 320/sup 0/C.

  13. Excess plutonium disposition: The deep borehole option

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferguson, K.L.

    1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reviews the current status of technologies required for the disposition of plutonium in Very Deep Holes (VDH). It is in response to a recent National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report which addressed the management of excess weapons plutonium and recommended three approaches to the ultimate disposition of excess plutonium: (1) fabrication and use as a fuel in existing or modified reactors in a once-through cycle, (2) vitrification with high-level radioactive waste for repository disposition, (3) burial in deep boreholes. As indicated in the NAS report, substantial effort would be required to address the broad range of issues related to deep bore-hole emplacement. Subjects reviewed in this report include geology and hydrology, design and engineering, safety and licensing, policy decisions that can impact the viability of the concept, and applicable international programs. Key technical areas that would require attention should decisions be made to further develop the borehole emplacement option are identified.

  14. Chuck Kessel Wins the 2015 Fusion Technology Award | Princeton Plasma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization ofChemistryChristopher Moser

  15. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel visits Sandia | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavid Turner David3 | NationalSUBSCRIBE:|

  16. Deep radio imaging of the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey field : the nature of the faint radio population, and the star-formation history of the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arumugam, Vinodiran

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The centrepiece of this thesis is a deep, new, high-resolution 1.4-GHz image covering the United Kingdom Infrared (IR) Telescope IR Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) legacy field. Deep pseudo-continuum ...

  17. Nuclear effects in deep inelastic scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O. Benhar; V.R. Pandharipande; I. Sick

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors extend the approach used to treat quasi-elastic inclusive electron-nucleus scattering to the deep inelastic region. They provide a general approach to describe lepton scattering from an off-shell nucleon, and calculate the ratio of inclusive deep inelastic scattering cross sections to the deuteron for nuclear matter and helium (EMC-effect). They find that the consistent inclusion of the binding effects, in particular the ones arising from the short-range nucleon-nucleon interaction, allows to describe the data in the region of x > 0.15 where binding fully accounts for the deviation of the cross section ratios from one.

  18. Deep Vadose Zone | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732 DOE F 243.2Dashboards DashboardsDeep Vadose Zone Deep Vadose

  19. Localization for Branching Random Walks in Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yueyun Hu; Nobuo Yoshida

    2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider branching random walks in $d$-dimensional integer lattice with time-space i.i.d. offspring distributions. This model is known to exhibit a phase transition: If $d \\ge 3$ and the environment is "not too random", then, the total population grows as fast as its expectation with strictly positive probability. If,on the other hand, $d \\le 2$, or the environment is ``random enough", then the total population grows strictly slower than its expectation almost surely. We show the equivalence between the slow population growth and a natural localization property in terms of "replica overlap". We also prove a certain stronger localization property, whenever the total population grows strictly slower than its expectation almost surely.

  20. Homogeneous Random Measures and Strongly Supermedian Kernels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzsimmons, Patrick J.

    . Keywords and phrases: Homogeneous random measure, additive functional, Kuznets* *ov measure, potential

  1. First Assemblies Using Deep Trench Termination Diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    First Assemblies Using Deep Trench Termination Diodes F. Baccar, L. Tholier, S. Azzopardi, F. Le Trench Termination (DT2 ), are analyzed in a reliability purpose. For the first time, assemblies are made. As a consequence, to improve the breakdown voltage, it is necessary to create an adequate edge termination

  2. New Horizons for Deep Subsurface Microbiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onstott, Tullis

    University in Sweden, the En- vironmental Institute in Denmark, and at sev- eral institutions in Russia, beneath 0.5 km of permafrost, and within and beneath gas hydrate deposits of varying depths. Deep, hot to the marine realm, the terrestrial subsurface contains ecosystems whose chemo- autotrophic nature increases

  3. Deep-hole drilling Fruit Flies & Zebrafish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    surface to purify air, employing existing technology in a new way. It is the brainchild of artistFEATURE Deep-hole drilling Fruit Flies & Zebrafish Björk FEATURE Academics & Industry: ResearchIScOvER mAGAZInE discover@sheffield.ac.uk Research and Innovation Services University of Sheffield New

  4. DEEP SEA DRILLING PROJECT DATA FILE DOCUMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the program is provided by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche&M University, as an account of work performed under the international Ocean Drilling Program which is managedDEEP SEA DRILLING PROJECT DATA FILE DOCUMENTS Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Technical

  5. Random-walk in Beta-distributed random environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Barraquand; Ivan Corwin

    2015-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce an exactly-solvable model of random walk in random environment that we call the Beta RWRE. This is a random walk in $\\mathbb{Z}$ which performs nearest neighbour jumps with transition probabilities drawn according to the Beta distribution. We also describe a related directed polymer model, which is a limit of the $q$-Hahn interacting particle system. Using a Fredholm determinant representation for the quenched probability distribution function of the walker's position, we are able to prove second order cube-root scale corrections to the large deviation principle satisfied by the walker's position, with convergence to the Tracy-Widom distribution. We also show that this limit theorem can be interpreted in terms of the maximum of strongly correlated random variables: the positions of independent walkers in the same environment. The zero-temperature counterpart of the Beta RWRE can be studied in a parallel way. We also prove a Tracy-Widom limit theorem for this model.

  6. Random sequential adsorption of tetramers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micha? Cie?la

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Adsorption of tetramer built of four identical spheres was studied numerically using the Random Sequential Adsorption (RSA) algorithm. Tetramers were adsorbed on a two dimensional, flat and homogeneous surface. Two different models of the adsorbate were investigated: a rhomboid and a square one; monomer centres were put on vertices of rhomboids and squares, respectively. Numerical simulations allow to establish the maximal random coverage ratio as well as the Available Surface Function (ASF), which is crucial for determining kinetics of the adsorption process. These results were compared with data obtained experimentally for KfrA plasmid adsorption. Additionally, the density autocorrelation function was measured.

  7. An innovative concept for deep water oil production platform design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racine, Florian

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As more oil and gas are discovered in deep water, the offshore industry has become increasingly interested in the design of deep water offshore production facilities. A new design concept tentatively called FPSOT (Floating ...

  8. Automating website profiling for a deep web search engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jeffrey W. (Jeffrey Weijie)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep web consists of information on the internet that resides in databases or is dynamically generated. It is believed that the deep web represents a large percentage of the total contents on the web, but is currently ...

  9. Extreme Longevity in Proteinaceous Deep-Sea Corals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roark, E B; Guilderson, T P; Dunbar, R B; Fallon, S J; Mucciarone, D A

    2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-sea corals are found on hard substrates on seamounts and continental margins world-wide at depths of 300 to {approx}3000 meters. Deep-sea coral communities are hotspots of deep ocean biomass and biodiversity, providing critical habitat for fish and invertebrates. Newly applied radiocarbon age date from the deep water proteinaceous corals Gerardia sp. and Leiopathes glaberrima show that radial growth rates are as low as 4 to 35 {micro}m yr{sup -1} and that individual colony longevities are on the order of thousands of years. The management and conservation of deep sea coral communities is challenged by their commercial harvest for the jewelry trade and damage caused by deep water fishing practices. In light of their unusual longevity, a better understanding of deep sea coral ecology and their interrelationships with associated benthic communities is needed to inform coherent international conservation strategies for these important deep-sea ecosystems.

  10. Layout optimization in ultra deep submicron VLSI design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Di

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    As fabrication technology keeps advancing, many deep submicron (DSM) effects have become increasingly evident and can no longer be ignored in Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) design. In this dissertation, we study several deep submicron problems...

  11. atlantic deep water: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    atmosphere. It is found that North Atlantic Deep Water formation is favored by a warm climate, while cold climates are more likely to produce Southern Ocean deep water or...

  12. EECLP Webinar Series - #4 Residential Energy Efficiency Deep...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Series - 4 Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive, Part Two EECLP Webinar Series - 4 Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive, Part Two December 18, 2014 3:00PM to 4:00PM EST...

  13. RANDOM WALK IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL STRATIFIED MEDIUM WITH ORIENTATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pène, Françoise

    RANDOM WALK IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT IN A TWO-DIMENSIONAL STRATIFIED MEDIUM WITH ORIENTATIONS ALEXIS walk in random environment, random walk in random scenery, functional limit theorem, transience. This research was supported by the french ANR project MEMEMO2. 1 #12;RWRE IN A STRATIFIED ORIENTED MEDIUM 2 Our

  14. Loop Current and Deep Eddies Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It is shown that north of Campeche Bank is a fertile ground for the growth of deep cyclones by baroclinic

  15. Deep Dives ... More Than Just a SCUBA Experience!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    The Student Lifecycle #12;Purpose "Perform a deep dive exercise to determine if moving the transfer credit

  16. Supersymmetry in Random Matrix Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Guhr

    2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Supersymmetry is nowadays indispensable for many problems in Random Matrix Theory. It is presented here with an emphasis on conceptual and structural issues. An introduction to supermathematics is given. The Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation as well as its generalization and superbosonization are explained. The supersymmetric non-linear sigma model, Brownian motion in superspace and the color-flavor transformation are discussed.

  17. Deep Learning Representation using Autoencoder for 3D Shape Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    benchmarks. I. INTRODUCTION With the fast development of 3D printer, Microsoft Kinect sensor and laserDeep Learning Representation using Autoencoder for 3D Shape Retrieval Zhuotun Zhu, Xinggang Wang@hust.edu.cn Abstract--We study the problem of how to build a deep learning representation for 3D shape. Deep learning

  18. Deep Web Integration with VisQI Thomas Kabisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Weiyi

    Deep Web Integration with VisQI Thomas Kabisch Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin Berlin, Germany of Deep Web sources. Building sys- tems which would be able to automatically use all or a large fraction of all Deep Web sources of a given domain, such as airline reservation in the USA, would offer great

  19. Article ID: Query Translation on the Fly in Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Article ID: Query Translation on the Fly in Deep Web Integration Jiang Fangjiao, Jia Linlin, Meng users to access the desired information, many researches have dedicated to the Deep Web (i.e. Web databases) integration. We focus on query translation which is an important part of the Deep Web integration

  20. A Deep Web Data Integration System for Job , Ling yanyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Deep Web Data Integration System for Job Search Liu wei 1, Li xian 1 , Ling yanyan 1 , Zhang build a deep web data integration system that supports unified access for users to multiple job web interfaces. We call this kind of web data "Deep Web", the online databases "Web database", and the form

  1. Annotation of the Shallow and the Deep Siegfried Handschuh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Annotation of the Shallow and the Deep Web Siegfried Handschuh and Steffen Staab Institute a framework,CREAM, that allows the creation of semantic annotation on the Shallow and the Deep Web. Hence with the simultaneous creation of metadata, and the deep annotation. 1 Introduction The semantic web the web

  2. Small diameter, deep bore optical inspection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, David E. (Livermore, CA); Petrini, Richard R. (Livermore, CA); Carter, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved rod optic system for inspecting small diameter, deep bores. The system consists of a rod optic system utilizing a curved mirror at the end of the rod lens such that the optical path through the system is bent 90.degree. to minimize optical distortion in examining the sides of a curved bore. The system is particularly useful in the examination of small bores for corrosion, and is capable of examining 1/16 inch diameter and up to 4 inch deep drill holes, for example. The positioning of the curved mirror allows simultaneous viewing from shallow and right angle points of observation of the same artifact (such as corrosion) in the bore hole. The improved rod optic system may be used for direct eye sighting, or in combination with a still camera or a low-light television monitor; particularly low-light color television.

  3. Co-adapted coupling Random walk on Zn 2 Random walk on Gn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Co-adapted coupling Random walk on Zn 2 Random walk on Gn d Optimal co-adapted coupling Stephen Connor sbc502@york.ac.uk #12;Co-adapted coupling Random walk on Zn 2 Random walk on Gn d Outline 1 Co-adapted coupling 2 Simple random walk on the hypercube, Zn 2 3 Simple random walk on Gn d #12;Co-adapted coupling

  4. Large deviations for random walks in a random environment on a strip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 28, 2013 ... We consider a random walk in a random environment (RWRE) on the strip ... For a fixed environment ?, we can define the RWRE starting at (x,...

  5. Orderly Spectra from Random Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States); Bertsch, G.F. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Dean, D.J.; Dean, D.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States) [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the low-lying spectra of many-body systems with random two-body interactions, specifying that the ensemble be invariant under particle-hole conjugation. Surprisingly we find patterns reminiscent of more orderly interactions, such as a predominance of J=0 ground states separated by a gap from the excited states, and evidence of phonon vibrations in the low-lying spectra. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  6. Random access wireless networks with controlled mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modiano, Eytan H.

    This paper considers wireless networks where messages arriving randomly (in time and space) are collected by a mobile receiver. The messages are transmitted to the mobile receiver according to a random access scheme and ...

  7. Semi-device-independent randomness expansion with partially free random sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu-Qian Zhou; Hong-Wei Li; Yu-Kun Wang; Dan-Dan Li; Fei Gao; Qiao-Yan Wen

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    By proposing device-independent protocols, S. Pironio et al. [Nature 464, 1021-1024 (2010)] and R. Colbeck et al. [Nature Physics 8, 450-453 (2012)] proved that new randomness can be generated by using perfectly free random sources or partially free ones as seed. Subsequently, Li et al. [Phys. Rev. A 84, 034301 (2011)] studied this topic in the framework of semi-device-independent and proved that new randomness can be obtained from perfectly free random sources. Here we discuss whether and how partially free random sources bring us new randomness in semi-device-independent scenario. We propose a semi-device-independent randomness expansion protocol with partially free random sources, and obtain the condition that the partially free random sources should satisfy to generate new randomness. In the process of analysis, we acquire a new 2-dimensional quantum witness. Furthermore, we get the analytic relationship between the generated randomness and the 2-dimensional quantum witness violation.

  8. High speed optical quantum random number generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinfurter, Harald

    .3351 (2009). 6. I. Reidler, Y. Aviad, M. Rosenbluh, and I. Kanter, "Ultrahigh-speed random number generation

  9. Random Fractal Measures via the Contraction Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rüschendorf, Ludger

    Random Fractal Measures via the Contraction Method John E. Hutchinson Australian National mapping method to prove various existence and uniqueness properties of (self­similar) random fractal in order to establish a.s. exponential convergence to the unique random fractal measure. The arguments used

  10. Introduction to Network Science 1 Random Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safro, Ilya

    to the degree distribution in random model ... #12;Introduction to Network Science 4 In contrast to the degree distribution in random model ... #12;Introduction to Network Science 5 Newman, "Random graphs as models of vertices. Average component size #12;Introduction to Network Science 15 Distribution of component sizes #12;

  11. Local Limit Theorems for Random Walks in a 1D Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolgopyat, Dmitry

    Local Limit Theorems for Random Walks in a 1D Random Environment D. Dolgopyat and I. Goldsheid Abstract. We consider random walks (RW) in a one-dimensional i.i.d. random environment with jumps to the nearest neighbours. For almost all environments, we prove a quenched Local Limit Theorem (LLT

  12. Colored condensates deep inside neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Blaschke

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    It is demonstrated how in the absence of solutions for QCD under conditions deep inside compact stars an equation of state can be obtained within a model that is built on the basic symmetries of the QCD Lagrangian, in particular chiral symmetry and color symmetry. While in the vacuum the chiral symmetry is spontaneously broken, it gets restored at high densities. Color symmetry, however, gets broken simultaneously by the formation of colorful diquark condensates. It is shown that a strong diquark condensate in cold dense quark matter is essential for supporting the possibility that such states could exist in the recently observed pulsars with masses of 2 $M_\\odot$.

  13. Deep-inelastic photon-neutrino scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huq, M.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The moments of the structure functions scrF/sub T//sup( N/), scrF/sub 3//sup( N/), and scrF/sub L//sup( N/) in deep-inelastic photon-neutrino scattering have been calculated. Exactly calculable leading-order QCD corrections to the box-diagram contributions are large for scrF/sub T//sup( N/) and scrF/sub 3//sup( N/) increasing with N. For scrF/sub L//sup( N/) the corrections are very small except for small N. Dependence of the results on the number of flavors of quarks is very small.

  14. Random number stride in Monte Carlo calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendricks, J.S.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo radiation transport codes use a sequence of pseudorandom numbers to sample from probability distributions. A common practice is to start each source particle a predetermined number of random numbers up the pseudorandom number sequence. This number of random numbers skipped between each source particles the random number stride, S. Consequently, the jth source particle always starts with the j{center dot}Sth random number providing correlated sampling'' between similar calculations. A new machine-portable random number generator has been written for the Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNP providing user's control of the random number stride. First the new MCNP random number generator algorithm will be described and then the effects of varying the stride will be presented. 2 refs., 1 fig.

  15. Quantum random walks without walking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manouchehri, K.; Wang, J. B. [School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009 (Australia)

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum random walks have received much interest due to their nonintuitive dynamics, which may hold the key to a new generation of quantum algorithms. What remains a major challenge is a physical realization that is experimentally viable and not limited to special connectivity criteria. We present a scheme for walking on arbitrarily complex graphs, which can be realized using a variety of quantum systems such as a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped inside an optical lattice. This scheme is particularly elegant since the walker is not required to physically step between the nodes; only flipping coins is sufficient.

  16. SKA Deep Polarization and Cosmic Magnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, A R; Akahori, Takuya; Beck, Rainer; Gaensler, Bryan; Heald, George; Johnston-Hollitt, Melanie; Langer, Mathieu; Rudnick, Lawrence; Ryu, Dongsu; Scaife, Anna; Schleicher, Dominik; Stil, Jeroen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep surveys with the SKA1-MID array offer for the first time the opportunity to systematically explore the polarization properties of the microJy source population. Our knowledge of the polarized sky approaching these levels is still very limited. In total intensity the population will be dominated by star-forming and normal galaxies to intermediate redshifts ($z \\sim1-2$), and low-luminosity AGN to high redshift. The polarized emission from these objects is a powerful probe of their intrinsic magnetic fields and of their magnetic environments. For redshift of order 1 and above the broad bandwidth of the mid-bands span the Faraday thick and thin regimes allowing study of the intrinsic polarization properties of these objects as well as depolarization from embedded and foreground plasmas. The deep field polarization images will provide Rotation Measures data with very high solid angle density allowing a sensitive statistical analysis of the angular variation of RM on critical arc-minute scales from a magnetic...

  17. Measuring Galaxy Environments with Deep Redshift Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael C. Cooper; Jeffrey A. Newman; Darren S. Madgwick; Brian F. Gerke; Renbin Yan; Marc Davis

    2005-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the applicability of several galaxy environment measures (n^th-nearest-neighbor distance, counts in an aperture, and Voronoi volume) within deep redshift surveys. Mock galaxy catalogs are employed to mimic representative photometric and spectroscopic surveys at high redshift (z ~ 1). We investigate the effects of survey edges, redshift precision, redshift-space distortions, and target selection upon each environment measure. We find that even optimistic photometric redshift errors (\\sigma_z = 0.02) smear out the line-of-sight galaxy distribution irretrievably on small scales; this significantly limits the application of photometric redshift surveys to environment studies. Edges and holes in a survey field dramatically affect the estimation of environment, with the impact of edge effects depending upon the adopted environment measure. These edge effects considerably limit the usefulness of smaller survey fields (e.g. the GOODS fields) for studies of galaxy environment. In even the poorest groups and clusters, redshift-space distortions limit the effectiveness of each environment statistic; measuring density in projection (e.g. using counts in a cylindrical aperture or a projected n^th-nearest-neighbor distance measure) significantly improves the accuracy of measures in such over-dense environments. For the DEEP2 Galaxy Redshift Survey, we conclude that among the environment estimators tested the projected n^th-nearest-neighbor distance measure provides the most accurate estimate of local galaxy density over a continuous and broad range of scales.

  18. National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, K.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through discussion of five case studies (test homes), this project evaluates strategies to elevate the performance of existing homes to a level commensurate with best-in-class implementation of high-performance new construction homes. The test homes featured in this research activity participated in Deep Energy Retrofit (DER) Pilot Program sponsored by the electric and gas utility National Grid in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Building enclosure retrofit strategies are evaluated for impact on durability and indoor air quality in addition to energy performance. Evaluation of strategies is structured around the critical control functions of water, airflow, vapor flow, and thermal control. The aim of the research project is to develop guidance that could serve as a foundation for wider adoption of high performance, 'deep' retrofit work. The project will identify risk factors endemic to advanced retrofit in the context of the general building type, configuration and vintage encountered in the National Grid DER Pilot. Results for the test homes are based on observation and performance testing of recently completed projects. Additional observation would be needed to fully gauge long-term energy performance, durability, and occupant comfort.

  19. Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    California More Documents & Publications Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Hood...

  20. The geomechanics of CO2 storage in deep sedimentary formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The geomechanics of CO 2 storage in deep sedimentaryThis paper provides a review of the geomechanics andmodeling of geomechanics associated with geologic carbon

  1. The geomechanics of CO2 storage in deep sedimentary formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strain and microseismicity, well integrity, caprock sealingstrain and microseismicity, well integrity, caprock sealingactions. 7 WELLBORE INTEGRITY The well design of a deep CO 2

  2. EA-1943: Long Baseline Neutrino Facility/Deep Underground Neutrino...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DUNE) at Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois and the Sanford Underground Research Facility, Lead, South Dakota EA-1943: Long Baseline Neutrino FacilityDeep Underground Neutrino...

  3. Simulating Deep Earthquakes in the Laboratory | Advanced Photon...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    team focused on the role that phase transformations of olivine, a magnesium iron silicate, might play in triggering deep earthquakes. They performed laboratory deformation...

  4. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Deep Geothermal Drilling Using...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Deep Geothermal Drilling Using Millimeter Wave Technology Final Technical Research Report Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic...

  5. Georgia Oil and Gas Deep Drilling act of 1975 (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Georgia's Oil and Gas and Deep Drilling Act regulates oil and gas drilling activities to provide protection of underground freshwater supplies and certain "environmentally sensitive" areas. The...

  6. Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Soundings In Noisy Areas Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings...

  7. AAO support observations for the Hubble Deep Field Sout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. J. Boyle

    1998-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present proposed ground-based support observations at the AAO for the forthcoming Hubble Deep Field South (HDF-S) campaign.

  8. Presentation at the Weatherization Program Deep Dive Briefing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4, 2009 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Weatherization Assistance Program presentation at Weatherization Deep Dive...

  9. Energy Department Explores Deep Direct Use | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department Explores Deep Direct Use Cascaded uses of geothermal energy include district heating and industrial uses as well as agricultural applications like greenhouses and...

  10. Randomness and Earth climate variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinshtein, Michael E; Dmitriev, Alexander P; Shmakov, Pavel M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Paleo-Sciences including palaeoclimatology and palaeoecology have accumulated numerous records related to climatic changes. The researchers have usually tried to identify periodic and quasi-periodic processes in these paleoscientific records. In this paper, we show that this analysis is incomplete. As follows from our results, random processes, namely processes with a single-time-constant (noise with a Lorentzian noise spectrum), play a very important and, perhaps, a decisive role in numerous natural phenomena. For several of very important natural phenomena the characteristic time constants are very similar and equal to (5-8)x10^3 years. However, this value is not universal. For example, the spectral density fluctuations of the atmospheric radiocarbon 14C are characterized by a Lorentzian with time constant 300 years. The frequency dependence of spectral density fluctuations for benthic 18O records contains two Lorentzians with time constans 8000 years and > 105 years.

  11. Corium quench in deep pool mixing experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, B.W.; McUmber, L.; Gregorash, D.; Aeschlimann, R.; Sienicki, J.J.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of two recent corium-water thermal interaction (CWTI) tests are described in which a stream of molten corium was poured into a deep pool of water in order to determine the mixing behavior, the corium-to-water heat transfer rates, and the characteristic sizes of the quenched debris. The corium composition was 60% UO/sub 2/, 16% ZrO/sub 2/, and 24% stainless steel by weight; its initial temperature was 3080 K, approx.160 K above the oxide phase liquidus temperature. The corium pour stream was a single-phase 2.2 cm dia liquid column which entered the water pool in film boiling at approx.4 m/s. The water subcooling was 6 and 75C in the two tests. Test results showed that with low subcooling, rapid steam generation caused the pool to boil up into a high void fraction regime. In contrast, with large subcooling no net steam generation occurred, and the pool remained relatively quiescent. Breakup of the jet appeared to occur by surface stripping. In neither test was the breakup complete during transit through the 32 cm deep water pool, and molten corium channeled to the base where it formed a melt layer. The characteristic heat transfer rates measured 3.5 MJ/s and 2.7 MJ/s during the fall stage for small and large subcooling, respectively; during the initial stage of bed quench, the surface heat fluxes measured 2.4 MW/m/sup 2/ and 3.7 MW/m/sup 2/, respectively. A small mass of particles was formed in each test, measuring typically 0.1 to 1 mm and 1 to 5 mm dia for the large and small subcooling conditions, respectively. 9 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  12. The random lattice as a regularization scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Alles

    1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A semi-analytic method to compute the first coefficients of the renormalization group functions on a random lattice is introduced. It is used to show that the two-dimensional $O(N)$ non-linear $\\sigma$-model regularized on a random lattice has the correct continuum limit. A degree $\\kappa$ of ``randomness'' in the lattice is introduced and an estimate of the ratio $\\Lambda_{random}/\\Lambda_{regular}$ for two rather opposite values of $\\kappa$ in the $\\sigma$-model is also given. This ratio turns out to depend on $\\kappa$.

  13. Logarithmic Opinion Pools for Conditional Random Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Andrew

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since their recent introduction, conditional random fields (CRFs) have been successfully applied to a multitude of structured labelling tasks in many different domains. Examples include natural language processing ...

  14. A fluctuation theorem in a random environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bonetto; G. Gallavotti; G. Gentile

    2006-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple class of chaotic systems in a random environment is considered and the fluctuation theorem is extended under the assumption of reversibility.

  15. True random numbers from amplified quantum vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jofre; M. Curty; F. Steinlechner; G. Anzolin; J. P. Torres; M. W. Mitchell; V. Pruneri

    2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Random numbers are essential for applications ranging from secure communications to numerical simulation and quantitative finance. Algorithms can rapidly produce pseudo-random outcomes, series of numbers that mimic most properties of true random numbers while quantum random number generators (QRNGs) exploit intrinsic quantum randomness to produce true random numbers. Single-photon QRNGs are conceptually simple but produce few random bits per detection. In contrast, vacuum fluctuations are a vast resource for QRNGs: they are broad-band and thus can encode many random bits per second. Direct recording of vacuum fluctuations is possible, but requires shot-noise-limited detectors, at the cost of bandwidth. We demonstrate efficient conversion of vacuum fluctuations to true random bits using optical amplification of vacuum and interferometry. Using commercially-available optical components we demonstrate a QRNG at a bit rate of 1.11 Gbps. The proposed scheme has the potential to be extended to 10 Gbps and even up to 100 Gbps by taking advantage of high speed modulation sources and detectors for optical fiber telecommunication devices.

  16. Characterization of failure modes in deep UV and deep green LEDs utilizing advanced semiconductor localization techniques.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tangyunyong, Paiboon; Miller, Mary A.; Cole, Edward Isaac, Jr.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a two-year early career LDRD that focused on defect localization in deep green and deep ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs). We describe the laser-based techniques (TIVA/LIVA) used to localize the defects and interpret data acquired. We also describe a defect screening method based on a quick electrical measurement to determine whether defects should be present in the LEDs. We then describe the stress conditions that caused the devices to fail and how the TIVA/LIVA techniques were used to monitor the defect signals as the devices degraded and failed. We also describe the correlation between the initial defects and final degraded or failed state of the devices. Finally we show characterization results of the devices in the failed conditions and present preliminary theories as to why the devices failed for both the InGaN (green) and AlGaN (UV) LEDs.

  17. Focused Crawling of the Deep Web Using Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Liu, L; Critchlow, T

    2004-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic Web data sources--sometimes known collectively as the Deep Web--increase the utility of the Web by providing intuitive access to data repositories anywhere that Web access is available. Deep Web services provide access to real-time information, like entertainment event listings, or present a Web interface to large databases or other data repositories. Recent studies suggest that the size and growth rate of the dynamic Web greatly exceed that of the static Web, yet dynamic content is often ignored by existing search engine indexers owing to the technical challenges that arise when attempting to search the Deep Web. To address these challenges, we present DynaBot, a service-centric crawler for discovering and clustering Deep Web sources offering dynamic content. DynaBot has three unique characteristics. First, DynaBot utilizes a service class model of the Web implemented through the construction of service class descriptions (SCDs). Second, DynaBot employs a modular, self-tuning system architecture for focused crawling of the DeepWeb using service class descriptions. Third, DynaBot incorporates methods and algorithms for efficient probing of the Deep Web and for discovering and clustering Deep Web sources and services through SCD-based service matching analysis. Our experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the service class discovery, probing, and matching algorithms and suggest techniques for efficiently managing service discovery in the face of the immense scale of the Deep Web.

  18. Reports on Deep Earth Sampling and NUMBER1,2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    into the ocean due to scientific drilling. The new technology does not stop with riser drilling, but includes neutral energy by deep drilling with required new technology into very hot crust (p.40). If more globally Drilling Program with the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program Reports on Deep Earth

  19. Damping of Quantum Vibrations Revealed in Deep Sub-barrier Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takatoshi Ichikawa; Kenichi Matsuyanagi

    2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that when two colliding nuclei approach each other, their quantum vibrations are damped near the touching point. We show that this damping is responsible for the fusion hindrance phenomena measured in the deep sub-barrier fusion reactions. To show those, we for the first time apply the random-phase-approximation (RPA) method to the two-body $^{16}$O + $^{16}$O and $^{40}$Ca + $^{40}$Ca systems. We calculate the octupole transition strengths for the two nuclei adiabatically approaching each other. The calculated transition strength drastically decreases near the touching point, strongly suggesting the vanishing of the quantum couplings between the relative motion and the vibrational intrinsic degrees of freedom of each nucleus. Based on this picture, we also calculate the fusion cross section for the $^{40}$Ca + $^{40}$Ca system using the coupled-channel method with the damping factor simulating the vanishing of the couplings. The calculated results reproduce well the experimental data, indicating that the smooth transition from the sudden to adiabatic processes indeed occurs in the deep sub-barrier fusion reactions.

  20. A Heliospheric Imager for Deep Space: Lessons Learned from Helios, SMEI, and STEREO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, B. V.; Buffington, A.; Hick, P. P.; Bisi, M. M.; Clover, J. M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Imager for Deep Space: Lessons Learned Jackson, B.V. , Hick,Imager for Deep Space: Lessons Learned from Helios, SMEI,Imager for Deep Space: Lessons Learned (STEREO) spacecraft

  1. The XY Spin Chain Random Block Operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Paul

    The XY Spin Chain Random Block Operators Proof of Main Result Open Questions Localization for Random Block Operators Related to the XY Spin Chain Jacob W. Chapman Division of Science Southern Wesleyan University Central, SC Joint work with G¨unter Stolz UAB NSF-CBMS Conference on Quantum Spin

  2. RANDOM WALK IN DETERMINISTICALLY CHANGING ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liverani, Carlangelo

    RANDOM WALK IN DETERMINISTICALLY CHANGING ENVIRONMENT DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND CARLANGELO LIVERANI Abstract. We consider a random walk with transition probabilities weakly dependent on an environment of the environment the walk satisfies the CLT. 1. Introduction The continuing interest in the limit properties

  3. Selfattractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klenke, Achim

    Self­attractive random polymers Remco van der Hofstad Stieltjes Institute of Mathematics Delft polymer of finite length in Zd . Its law is that of a finite simple random walk path in Zd receiving that for > the attraction dominates the repulsion, i.e., with high probability the polymer is contained in a finite box

  4. Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige Michael Krivelevich Daniel Reichman August 10, 2014. A contagious set is a set whose activation results with the entire graph being active. Given a graph G, let m(G, 2) be the minimal size of a contagious set. We consider the binomial random graph G := G(n, p

  5. Organization of growing random networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krapivsky, P. L.; Redner, S.

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The organizational development of growing random networks is investigated. These growing networks are built by adding nodes successively, and linking each to an earlier node of degree k with an attachment probability A{sub k}. When A{sub k} grows more slowly than linearly with k, the number of nodes with k links, N{sub k}(t), decays faster than a power law in k, while for A{sub k} growing faster than linearly in k, a single node emerges which connects to nearly all other nodes. When A{sub k} is asymptotically linear, N{sub k}(t){similar_to}tk{sup {minus}{nu}}, with {nu} dependent on details of the attachment probability, but in the range 2{lt}{nu}{lt}{infinity}. The combined age and degree distribution of nodes shows that old nodes typically have a large degree. There is also a significant correlation in the degrees of neighboring nodes, so that nodes of similar degree are more likely to be connected. The size distributions of the in and out components of the network with respect to a given node{emdash}namely, its {open_quotes}descendants{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}ancestors{close_quotes}{emdash}are also determined. The in component exhibits a robust s{sup {minus}2} power-law tail, where s is the component size. The out component has a typical size of order lnt, and it provides basic insights into the genealogy of the network.

  6. The Deep Layers of Sunspot Umbrae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stellmacher, Goetz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We model the deepest observable layers of dark sunspot umbral atmospheres in terms of an empirical model which equally describes observed near infrared continuum intensities and line profiles. We use the umbral continuum intensity at 1.67 nm and the three C I lines at 1,6888, 1,7449 and 1,7456 nm to model the deep layers near the minimum of H- absorption. We find that a radiative equilibrium stratification yields the best compromise between continuum and C I line observations. We determine the effective temperature from the umbral and photospheric flux ratio by down-scaling the monochromatic photospheric flux with the umbral contrast for each frequency. The thus obtained monochromatic umbral flux and the photospheric one are integratied over the whole frequency range, yielding the ratio of total umbral and photospheric flux, which gives 3560 K < T_eff < 3780 K. We assume for our model M3 T_eff=3750 K and fit M3 to the theoretical model by Meyer et al. (1974). Comparison of the model's 'nabla' gradient w...

  7. Constructing Hydraulic Barriers in Deep Geologic Formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, E.E.; Carter, P.E. [Technologies Co, Texas (United States); Cooper, D.C. [Ph.D. Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many construction methods have been developed to create hydraulic barriers to depths of 30 to 50 meters, but few have been proposed for depths on the order of 500 meters. For these deep hydraulic barriers, most methods are potentially feasible for soil but not for hard rock. In the course of researching methods of isolating large subterranean blocks of oil shale, the authors have developed a wax thermal permeation method for constructing hydraulic barriers in rock to depths of over 500 meters in competent or even fractured rock as well as soil. The technology is similar to freeze wall methods, but produces a permanent barrier; and is potentially applicable in both dry and water saturated formations. Like freeze wall barriers, the wax thermal permeation method utilizes a large number of vertical or horizontal boreholes around the perimeter to be contained. However, instead of cooling the boreholes, they are heated. After heating these boreholes, a specially formulated molten wax based grout is pumped into the boreholes where it seals fractures and also permeates radially outward to form a series of columns of wax-impregnated rock. Rows of overlapping columns can then form a durable hydraulic barrier. These barriers can also be angled above a geologic repository to help prevent influx of water due to atypical rainfall events. Applications of the technique to constructing containment structures around existing shallow waste burial sites and water shutoff for mining are also described. (authors)

  8. Deep Well #4 Backup Power Systems Project Closeout Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeremy Westwood

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project scope was to install a diesel generated power source to deep well 4 in addition to the existing commercial power source. The diesel power source and its fuel supply system shall be seismically qualified to withstand a Performance Category 4 (PC-4) seismic event. This diesel power source will permit the deep well to operate during a loss of commercial power. System design will incorporate the ability to select and transfer power between the new diesel power source and commercial power sources for the the deep well motor and TRA-672 building loads.

  9. The deep-ocean heat uptake in transient climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kamenkovich, Igor V.

    The deep-ocean heat uptake (DOHU) in transient climate changes is studied using an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) and its adjoint. The model configuration consists of idealized Pacific and Atlantic basins. The model ...

  10. Effect of deep excavation on an adjacent pile foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliadelis, Dimitrios

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis studies the behavior of single axially loaded pile located close to a 30m deep braced excavation in Marine Clay corresponding to site conditions of the Kallang formation in Singapore. Parametric analyses were ...

  11. Deep Web Video, Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Deep Web Video Download latest version of Flash Player exit federal site to view Video. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)...

  12. Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling the Deep Terrestrial Biosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkins, Michael J.; Daly, Rebecca; Mouser, Paula J.; Trexler, Ryan; Sharma, Shihka; Cole, David R.; Wrighton, Kelly C.; Biddle , Jennifer F.; Denis, Elizabeth; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Kieft, Thomas L.; Onstott, T. C.; Peterson, Lee; Pfiffner, Susan M.; Phelps, Tommy J.; Schrenk, Matthew O.

    2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in the deep terrestrial biosphere is driven by interest in novel biodiversity and metabolisms, biogeochemical cycling, and the impact of human activities on this ecosystem. As this interest continues to grow, it is important to ensure that when subsurface investigations are proposed, materials recovered from the subsurface are sampled and preserved in an appropriate manner to limit contamination and ensure preservation of accurate microbial, geochemical, and mineralogical signatures. On February 20th, 2014, a workshop on Trends and Future Challenges in Sampling The Deep Subsurface was coordinated in Columbus, Ohio by The Ohio State University and West Virginia University faculty, and sponsored by The Ohio State University and the Sloan Foundations Deep Carbon Observatory. The workshop aims were to identify and develop best practices for the collection, preservation, and analysis of terrestrial deep rock samples. This document summarizes the information shared during this workshop.

  13. Canister design for deep borehole disposal of nuclear waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoag, Christopher Ian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis was to design a canister for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other high-level waste in deep borehole repositories using currently available and proven oil, gas, and geothermal drilling ...

  14. Optimal digital system design in deep submicron technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heo, Seongmoo, 1977-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optimization of a digital system in deep submicron technology should be done with two basic principles: energy waste reduction and energy-delay tradeoff. Increased energy resources obtained through energy waste reduction ...

  15. E-print Network : Main View : Deep Federated Search

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    E-print Network Search Powered By Deep Web Technologies New Search Preferences E-print Network E-print Network Skip to main content FAQ * HELP * SITE MAP * CONTACT US Home * About...

  16. Carmichael's Concise Review Microscopy is Only Skin Deep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Eric

    Carmichael's Concise Review Microscopy is Only Skin Deep Stephen W. Carmichael Mayo Clinic. Coming Events 2011 EMAS 2011 May 1519, 2011 Angers, France www.emas-web.net IUMAS-V May 2227, 2011

  17. Deep cuts in household greenhouse gas emissions Andrew Blakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deep cuts in household greenhouse gas emissions Andrew Blakers Director, Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems Australian National University Ph 61 2 6125 5905 Andrew.blakers@anu.edu.au Web: http

  18. The feasibility of deep well injection for brine disposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spongberg, Martin Edward

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    feasibility. The methodology is utilized to make a preliminary evaluation of a proposed brine injection project in the Dove Creek area of King and Stonewall Counties, North Central Texas. Four known deep aquifers are modeled, using the SWIFT/486 software...

  19. Nuclear Power for Deep-Space Missions | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Power for Deep-Space Missions Mar 06 2015 12:00 PM - 01:00 PM David Dixon, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville UT Science Forum Thompson-Boling Arena Dining room C-D,...

  20. Tube Waves in Ultra-deep Waters: Preliminary Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Satyan

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    waves on borehole seismic data in ultra-deep waters. Finite-difference modeling technique was used for this study. Finite-difference modeling allowed us to model refractions, reflections, diffractions and scattering; actually all events in surface...

  1. Minor actinide waste disposal in deep geological boreholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sizer, Calvin Gregory

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate a waste canister design suitable for the disposal of vitrified minor actinide waste in deep geological boreholes using conventional oil/gas/geothermal drilling technology. ...

  2. Visit to the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Department of Energy scientists and administrators join members of the National Science Foundation and South Dakotas Sanford Underground Laboratory for the deepest journey yet to the proposed site of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL).

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: extreme heat of deep geothermal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    extreme heat of deep geothermal wells Sandia and Atlas-Copco Secoroc Advance to Phase 2 in Their Geothermal Energy Project On July 31, 2013, in Energy, Geothermal, News, News &...

  4. Behavioral and neural correlates of deep and surface anaphora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodbury, Rebecca R. (Rebecca Rose)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anaphora in language is defined as an expression that refers to another expression. Hankamer & Sag 1976 and Sag & Hankamer 1984 proposed that anaphors can be divided into deep anaphors, which are resolved using a non-linguistic ...

  5. Quantitative imaging of living cells by deep ultraviolet microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeskind, Benjamin J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developments in light microscopy over the past three centuries have opened new windows into cell structure and function, yet many questions remain unanswered by current imaging approaches. Deep ultraviolet microscopy ...

  6. Effects of aerosols on deep convective cumulus clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Jiwen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This work investigates the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on deep convective clouds and the associated radiative forcing in the Houston area. The Goddard Cumulus Ensemble model (GCE) coupled with a spectral-bin microphysics is employed...

  7. Nitrogen is a deep acceptor in ZnO

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    McCluskey, M.D. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Tarun, M.C. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States); Iqbal, M. Zafar [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Zinc oxide is a promising material for blue and UV solid-state lighting devices, among other applications. Nitrogen has been regarded as a potential p-type dopant for ZnO. However, recent calculations [Lyons, Janotti, and Van de Walle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 252105 (2009)] indicate that nitrogen is a deep acceptor. This paper presents experimental evidence that nitrogen is, in fact, a deep acceptor and therefore cannot produce p-type ZnO. A broad photoluminescence (PL) emission band near 1.7 eV, with an excitation onset of ~2.2 eV, was observed, in agreement with the deep-acceptor model of the nitrogen defect. The deep-acceptor behavior can be explained by the low energy of the ZnO valence band relative to the vacuum level.

  8. A drop-in-concept for deep borehole canister emplacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, Ethan Allen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disposal of high-level nuclear waste in deep boreholes drilled into crystalline bedrock (i.e., "granite") is an interesting repository alternative of long standing. Work at MIT over the past two decades, and more recently ...

  9. Evolutionary and ecological genomics in deep-sea organisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera Monroy, Santiago

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrothermal vents and coral ecosystems are conspicuous biological hot spots in the deep-sea. These ecosystems face increasing threats from human activities. Having thorough taxonomic inventories as well as understanding ...

  10. atlantic deep sea: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    locatedsr2 0967-0645 - see front matter r 2004 Yoder, James S. 17 Abrupt climate change and collapse of deep-sea ecosystems Geosciences Websites Summary: Abrupt climate...

  11. Species-specific bioluminescence facilitates speciation in the deep sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Matthew P.; Holcroft, Nancy I.; Wiley, Edward O.; Sparks, John S.; Smith, William Leo

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast darkness of the deep sea is an environment with few obvious genetic isolating barriers, and little is known regarding the macroevolutionary processes that have shaped present-day biodiversity in this habitat. ...

  12. Application Of Gravity And Deep Dipole Geoelectrics In The Volcanic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Of Mt Etna (Sicily) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Application Of Gravity And Deep Dipole Geoelectrics In The Volcanic Area Of...

  13. Design manual for excavation support using deep mixing technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutherford, Cassandra Janel

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: ___________________________ Jean-Louis Briaud (Chair of Committee) ___________________________ Giovanna... for Excavation Support Using Deep Mixing Technology. (December 2004) Cassandra Janel Rutherford, B.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jean-Louis Briaud Deep mixing (DM) is the modification of in situ soil to increase...

  14. Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Matthew Yih-Han

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin Matthew Yih-Han Kuo Kings College University of Cambridge A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy February 2011 To Kirsty, Mum, Dad and Ivana . . . observe the small... , the deep Pacific and the Peru Margin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1 Water content and liquid limit measurements taken from box and STACOR core samples confirming measurements by Fugro (also shown). . . . . . . . . . . 23 3...

  15. Selected biological investigations on deep sea disposal of industrial wastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Sandra Lea

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SELECTED SIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON DEEP SEA DISPOSAL OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES A Thesis by SANDRA LEA PAGE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1975 Major Subject: Civil Engineering SELECTED BIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON DEEP SEA DISPOSAL OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES A Thesis by SANDRA LEA PAGE Approved as to style and content by: ((chairman of Committee) / / (Head of Department) bger...

  16. Introduction to foundations of probability and randomness (for students in physics), Lectures given at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Austrian Academy of Science, Lecture-1: Kolmogorov and von Mises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei Khrennikov

    2014-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The education system for students in physics suffers (worldwide) from the absence of a deep course in probability and randomness. This is the real problem for students interested in quantum information theory, quantum optics, and quantum foundations. Here the primitive treatment of probability and randomness may lead to deep misunderstandings of theory and wrong interpretations of experimental results. Since during my visits (in 2013 and 2014) to IQOQI a number of students (experimenters!) asked me permanently about foundational problems of probability and randomness, especially inter-relation between classical and quantum structures, this year I gave two lectures on these problems. Surprisingly the interest of experiment-oriented students to mathematical peculiarities was very high. This (as well as permanent reminding of prof. Zeilinger) motivated me to write a text based on these lectures which were originally presented in the traditional black-board form. I hope that this might be useful for students from IQOQI as well as other young physicists.

  17. Parameterizing deep convection using the assumed probability density function method

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Storer, R. L.; Griffin, B. M.; Hft, J.; Weber, J. K.; Raut, E.; Larson, V. E.; Wang, M.; Rasch, P. J.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to their coarse horizontal resolution, present-day climate models must parameterize deep convection. This paper presents single-column simulations of deep convection using a probability density function (PDF) parameterization. The PDF parameterization predicts the PDF of subgrid variability of turbulence, clouds, and hydrometeors. That variability is interfaced to a prognostic microphysics scheme using a Monte Carlo sampling method.The PDF parameterization is used to simulate tropical deep convection, the transition from shallow to deep convection over land, and midlatitude deep convection. These parameterized single-column simulations are compared with 3-D reference simulations. The agreement is satisfactory except when the convective forcing is weak.moreThe same PDF parameterization is also used to simulate shallow cumulus and stratocumulus layers. The PDF method is sufficiently general to adequately simulate these five deep, shallow, and stratiform cloud cases with a single equation set. This raises hopes that it may be possible in the future, with further refinements at coarse time step and grid spacing, to parameterize all cloud types in a large-scale model in a unified way.less

  18. Random Walks and Electrical Networks Electrical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 4, 2008 ... Random Walks and Electrical Networks. Hitting Probabilities and Voltage. Voltage. Connect a 1V battery to nodes a and b. ix,y is the current...

  19. MOMENT ASYMPTOTICS FOR MULTITYPE BRANCHING RANDOM WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    König, Wolfgang

    of Montenegro 29 October, 2013 Abstract. We study a discrete time multitype branching random walk on a finite of Montenegro, Cetinjska 2, 81 000 Podgorica, Montenegro, ozrens@t-com.me AMS 2010 Subject Classification: 60J80

  20. MOMENT ASYMPTOTICS FOR MULTITYPE BRANCHING RANDOM WALKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    König, Wolfgang

    of Montenegro 29 October, 2013 Abstract. We study a discrete time multitype branching random walk on a #28;nite of Montenegro, Cetinjska 2, 81 000 Podgorica, Montenegro, ozrens@t-com.me AMS 2010 Subject Classi#28;cation: 60J

  1. How Can Random Noise Help Us

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Basics of Random Walk 2. 0. 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 40. 45. 50. ?5. ?4. ?3. ?2. ?1. 0 ..... Back to Parrondo's Paradox. Playing Game A. . winning prob = 0.495.

  2. Chaotic generation of pseudo-random numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dornbusch, Andrew Wesley

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation of repeatable pseudo-random sequences with chaotic analog electronics is not feasible using standard circuit topologies. Component variation caused by imperfect fabrication causes the same divergence of output sequences as does varying...

  3. Spectral statistics for weakly correlated random potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frdric Klopp

    2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study localization and derive stochastic estimates (in particular, Wegner and Minami estimates) for the eigenvalues of weakly correlated random discrete Schr\\"odinger operators in the localized phase. We apply these results to obtain spectral statistics for general discrete alloy type models where the single site perturbation is neither of finite rank nor of fixed sign. In particular, for the models under study, the random potential exhibits correlations at any range.

  4. activity monitor randomized: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    restricted randomization procedures and then apply this technique to approximate the joint distribution of sequentially computed conditional randomization tests. We also...

  5. Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure...

  6. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomness for strings A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough* October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition

  7. Site-Wide Wrapper Induction for Life Science Deep Web Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Site-Wide Wrapper Induction for Life Science Deep Web Databases Saqib Mir1,2 , Steffen Staab2-world biochemical deep Web sources and report our preliminary results, which are very promising. Keywords: Deep Web-paste actions, create temporary text-files and manually link records. #12;"Deep Web" research aims to virtually

  8. Discovering Interesting Relationships among Deep Web Databases: A Source-Biased Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caverlee, James

    Discovering Interesting Relationships among Deep Web Databases: A Source-Biased Approach James # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006 Abstract The escalation of deep web databases has been- ships among available deep web databases. Unlike the Bsurface^ web of static pages, these deep web

  9. Convective stability analysis of the long-term storage of carbon dioxide in deep saline aquifers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Dongxiao

    formations, such as unmineable coal beds, depleting oil reservoirs, depleting gas reservoirs, and deep saline

  10. High pressure and temperature equations of state: A tool for insight into deep Earth systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armentrout, Matthew Martin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the deep Earth, interpretation of seismic observables, andof state allows interpretation of the seismic observations,

  11. Learning Deep Energy Models Jiquan Ngiam jngiam@cs.stanford.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Andrew Y.

    of (a) deep belief networks (DBNs), (b) deep Boltzmann machines (DBMs) and (c) deep energy models (DEMs to the lower layers. DBMs have undirected connections through all layers. DEMs can viewed as having determin;Learning Deep Energy Models chines (DBMs). In their seminal work, Hinton et al. (2006a) demonstrated how

  12. Animal Model of Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, Sumit; Laerum, Frode [Institute for Surgical Research, National Hospital, N-0027 Oslo (Norway); Brosstad, Frank [Research Institute for Internal Medicine, National Hospital, N-0027 Oslo (Norway); Kvernebo, Knut [Department of Surgery, Ulleval Hospital, Kirkevien 166, N-0407 Oslo (Norway); Sakariassen, Kjell S. [Nycomed Bioreg A/S, Forskningsparken, Gaustadalleen 21, N-0371 Oslo (Norway)

    1998-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop an animal model of acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods: In part I of the study nine juvenile domestic pigs were used. Each external iliac vein was transluminally occluded with a balloon catheter. Thrombin was infused through a microcatheter in one leg according to one of the following protocols: (1) intraarterial (IA): 1250 U at 25 U/min in the common femoral artery (n= 3); (2) intravenous (IV): 5000 U in the popliteal vein at 500 U/min (n= 3), or at 100 U/min (n= 3). Saline was administered in the opposite leg. After the animals were killed, the mass of thrombus in the iliofemoral veins was measured. The pudendoepiploic (PEV), profunda femoris (PF), and popliteal veins (PV) were examined. Thrombosis in the tributaries of the superficial femoral vein (SFVt) was graded according to a three-point scale (0, +, ++). In part II of the study IV administration was further investigated in nine pigs using the following three regimens with 1000 U at 25 U/min serving as the control: (1) 1000 U at 100 U/min, (2) 250 U at 25 U/min, (3) 250 U at 6.25 U/min. Results: All animals survived. In part I median thrombus mass in the test limbs was 1.40 g as compared with 0.25 g in the controls (p= 0.01). PEV, PFV and PV were thrombosed in all limbs infused with thrombin. IV infusion was more effective in inducing thrombosis in both the parent veins (mass 1.32-1.78 g) and SVFt (++ in 4 of 6 legs), as compared with IA infusion (mass 0.0-1.16 g; SFVt ++ in 1 of 3 legs). In part II thrombus mass in axial veins ranged from 1.23 to 2.86 g, and showed no relationship with the dose of thrombin or the rate of infusion. Tributary thrombosis was less extensive with 250 U at 25 U/min than with the other regimens. Conclusion: Slow distal intravenous thrombin infusion in the hind legs of pigs combined with proximal venous occlusion induces thrombosis in the leg veins that closely resembles clinical DVT in distribution.

  13. Exploring the randomness of Directed Acyclic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joaqun Goi; Bernat Corominas-Murtra; Ricard V. Sol; Carlos Rodrguez-Caso

    2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The feed-forward relationship naturally observed in time-dependent processes and in a diverse number of real systems -such as some food-webs and electronic and neural wiring- can be described in terms of so-called directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). An important ingredient of the analysis of such networks is a proper comparison of their observed architecture against an ensemble of randomized graphs, thereby quantifying the {\\em randomness} of the real systems with respect to suitable null models. This approximation is particularly relevant when the finite size and/or large connectivity of real systems make inadequate a comparison with the predictions obtained from the so-called {\\em configuration model}. In this paper we analyze four methods of DAG randomization as defined by the desired combination of topological invariants (directed and undirected degree sequence and component distributions) aimed to be preserved. A highly ordered DAG, called \\textit{snake}-graph and a Erd\\:os-R\\'enyi DAG were used to validate the performance of the algorithms. Finally, three real case studies, namely, the \\textit{C. elegans} cell lineage network, a PhD student-advisor network and the Milgram's citation network were analyzed using each randomization method. Results show how the interpretation of degree-degree relations in DAGs respect to their randomized ensembles depend on the topological invariants imposed. In general, real DAGs provide disordered values, lower than the expected by chance when the directedness of the links is not preserved in the randomization process. Conversely, if the direction of the links is conserved throughout the randomization process, disorder indicators are close to the obtained from the null-model ensemble, although some deviations are observed.

  14. Random selection as a confidence building tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macarthur, Duncan W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hauck, Danielle [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Langner, Diana [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thron, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Morag [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Richard [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Any verification measurement performed on potentially classified nuclear material must satisfy two seemingly contradictory constraints. First and foremost, no classified information can be released. At the same time, the monitoring party must have confidence in the veracity of the measurement. The first concern can be addressed by performing the measurements within the host facility using instruments under the host's control. Because the data output in this measurement scenario is also under host control, it is difficult for the monitoring party to have confidence in that data. One technique for addressing this difficulty is random selection. The concept of random selection can be thought of as four steps: (1) The host presents several 'identical' copies of a component or system to the monitor. (2) One (or more) of these copies is randomly chosen by the monitors for use in the measurement system. (3) Similarly, one or more is randomly chosen to be validated further at a later date in a monitor-controlled facility. (4) Because the two components or systems are identical, validation of the 'validation copy' is equivalent to validation of the measurement system. This procedure sounds straightforward, but effective application may be quite difficult. Although random selection is often viewed as a panacea for confidence building, the amount of confidence generated depends on the monitor's continuity of knowledge for both validation and measurement systems. In this presentation, we will discuss the random selection technique, as well as where and how this technique might be applied to generate maximum confidence. In addition, we will discuss the role of modular measurement-system design in facilitating random selection and describe a simple modular measurement system incorporating six small {sup 3}He neutron detectors and a single high-purity germanium gamma detector.

  15. JournalJoint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth SamplingJoint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling Vol. 25 No. 1-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JOIDES JournalJoint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth SamplingJoint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling Vol. 25 No. 1-1999 Continental Rifting, Low-angle Normal Faulting and Deep Data to the World Wide Web The Ocean Drilling Stratigraphic Network #12;The JOIDES office moved

  16. LARGE DEVIATIONS FOR THE LOCAL TIMES OF A RANDOM WALK AMONG RANDOM CONDUCTANCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    König, Wolfgang

    .1) This operator is symmetric and generates the continuous-time random walk (X t ) t#[0,#) in Z d , the random walk AND TILMAN WOLFF In some recent publications (see, e.g., [BD10]), the above walk is called variable-speed times of the walk. The speed and the rate function of our principle are explicit in terms of the lower

  17. Random drift and large shifts in popularity of dog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hahn, Matthew

    citations of scien- tific authors (Simkin & Roychowdhury 2003). We report that the neutral model of random

  18. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    definition. 1 Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomnessA Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition of random language, based on the standard AIT definitions of random string

  19. Quantum random-walk search algorithm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shenvi, Neil; Whaley, K. Birgitta [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Kempe, Julia [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Computer Science Division, EECS, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); CNRS-LRI, UMR 8623, Universite de Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum random walks on graphs have been shown to display many interesting properties, including exponentially fast hitting times when compared with their classical counterparts. However, it is still unclear how to use these novel properties to gain an algorithmic speedup over classical algorithms. In this paper, we present a quantum search algorithm based on the quantum random-walk architecture that provides such a speedup. It will be shown that this algorithm performs an oracle search on a database of N items with O({radical}(N)) calls to the oracle, yielding a speedup similar to other quantum search algorithms. It appears that the quantum random-walk formulation has considerable flexibility, presenting interesting opportunities for development of other, possibly novel quantum algorithms.

  20. Modified discrete random walk with absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theo van Uem

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain expected number of arrivals, probability of arrival, absorption probabilities and expected time before absorption for a modified discrete random walk on the (sub)set of integers. In a [pqrs] random walk the particle can move one step forward or backward, stay for a moment in the same state or it can be absorbed immediately in the current state. M[pqrs] is a modified version, where probabilities on both sides of a multiple function barrier M are of different [pqrs] type.

  1. Deep borehole disposal of high-level radioactive waste.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Joshua S.; Freeze, Geoffrey A.; Brady, Patrick Vane; Swift, Peter N.; Rechard, Robert Paul; Arnold, Bill Walter; Kanney, Joseph F.; Bauer, Stephen J.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary evaluation of deep borehole disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel indicates the potential for excellent long-term safety performance at costs competitive with mined repositories. Significant fluid flow through basement rock is prevented, in part, by low permeabilities, poorly connected transport pathways, and overburden self-sealing. Deep fluids also resist vertical movement because they are density stratified. Thermal hydrologic calculations estimate the thermal pulse from emplaced waste to be small (less than 20 C at 10 meters from the borehole, for less than a few hundred years), and to result in maximum total vertical fluid movement of {approx}100 m. Reducing conditions will sharply limit solubilities of most dose-critical radionuclides at depth, and high ionic strengths of deep fluids will prevent colloidal transport. For the bounding analysis of this report, waste is envisioned to be emplaced as fuel assemblies stacked inside drill casing that are lowered, and emplaced using off-the-shelf oilfield and geothermal drilling techniques, into the lower 1-2 km portion of a vertical borehole {approx}45 cm in diameter and 3-5 km deep, followed by borehole sealing. Deep borehole disposal of radioactive waste in the United States would require modifications to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act and to applicable regulatory standards for long-term performance set by the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 CFR part 191) and US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (10 CFR part 60). The performance analysis described here is based on the assumption that long-term standards for deep borehole disposal would be identical in the key regards to those prescribed for existing repositories (40 CFR part 197 and 10 CFR part 63).

  2. Fusion, deep-inelastic collisions, and neck formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aguiar, C.E.; Barbosa, V.C.; Canto, L.F.; Donangelo, R.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the liquid drop model to calculate the cross section for neck formation in a heavy-ion collision and show that for the recently measured /sup 58/Ni+/sup 124/Sn case this cross section is strongly related to the sum of the fusion and deep-inelastic cross sections. We note that the observation of deep-inelastic collisions at sub-Coulomb barrier energies may be classically understood by the effective barrier lowering obtained when the neck degree of freedom is considered.

  3. Performance Characterization of Random Proximity Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Grant J.

    Performance Characterization of Random Proximity Sensor Networks Agostino Capponi Department-- In this paper, we characterize the localization per- formance and connectivity of sensors networks consisting for signal processing. Each sensor has severe constraints on the battery power, and can only communicate

  4. Diffusive limit for the random Lorentz gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessia Nota

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some recent results concerning the derivation of the diffusion equation and the validation of Fick's law for the microscopic model given by the random Lorentz Gas. These results are achieved by using a linear kinetic equation as an intermediate level of description between our original mechanical system and the diffusion equation.

  5. Purity distribution for bipartite random pure states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Giraud

    2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Analytic expressions for the probability density distribution of the linear entropy and the purity are derived for bipartite pure random quantum states. The explicit distributions for a state belonging to a product of Hilbert spaces of dimensions p and q are given for p=3 and any q>=3, as well as for p=q=4.

  6. Random Parking and Rubber Elasticity Mathew Penrose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penrose, Mathew

    Random Parking and Rubber Elasticity Mathew Penrose (University of Bath) Joint work with Antoine), Imperial January 2013 #12;Rubber Elasticity Let d, n N (e.g. d = n = 3). Suppose D Rd is a bounded domain. D represents a piece of rubber. Let L Rd be a locally finite point process. L D the locations

  7. Positive Lyapunov exponent by a random perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng Lian; Mikko Stenlund

    2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of a random perturbation on a one-parameter family of dynamical systems whose behavior in the absence of perturbation is ill understood. We provide conditions under which the perturbed system is ergodic and admits a positive Lyapunov exponent, with an explicit lower bound, for a large and controlled set of parameter values.

  8. Challenges of deep drilling. Part 2 (Conclusion). Mississippi wildcat shows design, planning pay off in deep drilling, completing, testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, C.E.

    1981-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Experienced, well-trained personnel who know when to solicit advice are the key to a successful deep-drilling operation. Planning and implementation are critical - the deeper the hole, the less latitude is available for deviation from the original casing design. Exxon spent 5 years planning a deep, abnormally pressured, sour-gas wildcat to test Mississippi's Smackover and Norphlet formations. Exxon details the preparations for drilling, completing, and testing this well, which reached a total depth of 23,130 ft and set a record for casing-string weight.

  9. Randomization and the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedran Sohinger; Gigliola Staffilani

    2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy on the spatial domain $\\mathbb{T}^3$. By using an appropriate randomization of the Fourier coefficients in the collision operator, we prove an averaged form of the main estimate which is used in order to contract the Duhamel terms that occur in the study of the hierarchy. In the averaged estimate, we do not need to integrate in the time variable. An averaged spacetime estimate for this range of regularity exponents then follows as a direct corollary. The range of regularity exponents that we obtain is $\\alpha>\\frac{3}{4}$. It was shown in our previous joint work with Gressman that the range $\\alpha>1$ is sharp in the corresponding deterministic spacetime estimate. This is in contrast to the non-periodic setting, which was studied by Klainerman and Machedon, in which the spacetime estimate is known to hold whenever $\\alpha \\geq 1$. The goal of our paper is to extend the range of $\\alpha$ in this class of estimates in a \\emph{probabilistic sense}. We use the new estimate and the ideas from its proof in order to study randomized forms of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy. More precisely, we consider hierarchies similar to the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy, but in which the collision operator has been randomized. For these hierarchies, we show convergence to zero in low regularity Sobolev spaces of Duhamel expansions of fixed deterministic density matrices. We believe that the study of the randomized collision operators could be the first step in the understanding of a nonlinear form of randomization.

  10. On the Unification of Random Matrix Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rupert A Small

    2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A new method involving particle diagrams is introduced and developed into a rigorous framework for carrying out embedded random matrix calculations. Using particle diagrams and the attendant methodology including loop counting it becomes possible to calculate the fourth, sixth and eighth moments of embedded ensembles in a straightforward way. The method, which will be called the method of particle diagrams, proves useful firstly by providing a means of classifying the components of moments into particle paths, or loops, and secondly by giving a simple algorithm for calculating the magnitude of combinatorial expressions prior to calculating them explicitly. By confining calculations to the limit case $m \\ll l\\to\\infty$ this in many cases provides a sufficient excuse not to calculate certain terms at all, since it can be foretold using the method of particle diagrams that they will not survive in this asymptotic regime. Applying the method of particle diagrams washes out a great deal of the complexity intrinsic to the problem, with sufficient mathematical structure remaining to yield limiting statistics for the unified phase space of random matrix theories. Finally, since the unified form of random matrix theory is essentially the set of all randomised k-body potentials, it should be no surprise that the early statistics calculated for the unified random matrix theories in some instances resemble the statistics currently being discovered for quantum spin hypergraphs and other randomised potentials on graphs [HMH05,ES14,KLW14]. This is just the beginning for studies into the field of unified random matrix theories, or embedded ensembles, and the applicability of the method of particle diagrams to a wide range of questions as well as to the more exotic symmetry classes, such as the symplectic ensembles, is still an area of open-ended research.

  11. The deep water gas charged accumulator and its possible replacements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir Rajabi, Mehdi

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . The problem may arise when the wellhead is at water depth of more than 3500 ft. In deep water drilling, the accumulators should be placed on the subsea blowout preventer stack to reduce hydraulic response times and provide a hydraulic power supply in case...

  12. AIR FLOW MODELING IN DEEP WELLS: APPLICATION TO MINING VENTILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    AIR FLOW MODELING IN DEEP WELLS: APPLICATION TO MINING VENTILATION E. WITRANT1, K.H. JOHANSSON2. Introduction Traditionally, the control of large-scale systems, such as mining ventilation, has been performed to the preliminary design of the global system and automation devices. Mining ventilation provides for an interesting

  13. AIR FLOW MODELING IN DEEP WELLS: APPLICATION TO MINING VENTILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    AIR FLOW MODELING IN DEEP WELLS: APPLICATION TO MINING VENTILATION E. WITRANT1, K.H. JOHANSSON2, the control of large-scale systems, such as mining ventilation, has been performed locally with decentralized of the global system and automation devices. Mining ventilation provides for an interesting exam- ple

  14. Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar on June 25, 2014, focused on specific Building America projects that highlighted real-world examples of deep energy retrofits (DER) that are meeting with technical and market success. Presenters focused on technical strategies, modeled and actual performance results, and project costs.

  15. Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar will focus on specific Building America projects and case studies that highlight real-world examples of deep energy retrofits that are meeting with technical and market success. Presenters will focus on technical strategies, modeled and actual performance results, and project costs.

  16. Optimal Digital System Design in Deep Submicron Technology Seongmoo Heo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in deep submicron technology should be done with two basic principles: energy waste reduction and energy-delay tradeoff. Increased energy resources obtained through energy waste reduction are utilized through energy- ergy consumption. While energy waste due to unnecessary switching could be reduced with small increases

  17. 2007 OCEAN DRILLING CITATION REPORT Covering Deep Sea Drilling Project-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007 OCEAN DRILLING CITATION REPORT Covering Deep Sea Drilling Project- and Ocean Drilling Program Services on behalf of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program September 2007 #12;#12;OVERVIEW OF THE OCEAN DRILLING CITATION DATABASE The Ocean Drilling Citation Database, which in February 2007 contained

  18. DEEP MAXIMA OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHLOROPHYLL IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEEP MAXIMA OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC CHLOROPHYLL IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN E. L. VENRICK, J. A. MCGOWAN, AND A Pacific Ocean show that during most of the year the maximum concentrations of chlorophyll occur below in the world's oceans. There are several thousands of these measurements in the Pacific. Most

  19. An innovative concept for deep water oil production platform design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racine, Florian

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Off loading Tower) is studied in this thesis. Instead of using a single large cylindrical structure as in the spar configuration, the FPSOT utilizes a jacket-type framed structure supported by a buoyancy/storage tank deep below the ocean surface...

  20. Deep Web: Databases on the Web Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Deep Web: Databases on the Web Denis Shestakov Turku Centre for Computer Science, Finland I N T R O D U C T I O N Finding information on the Web using a web search engine is one of the primary activities of today's web users. For a majority of users results returned by conventional search engines

  1. Leading proton production in deep inelastic scattering at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leading proton production in deep inelastic 1 scattering at HERA 2 ZEUS Collaboration 3 Draft, with a #28;nal-state proton carrying a large fraction of the incoming proton energy, x L > 0 photon virtualities Q 2 > 3 GeV 2 and mass of the photon-proton sys- tem 45

  2. Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hip-poglossoides (Walbaum)) is a deep-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    457 Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hip- poglossoides (Walbaum)) is a deep- water flatfish of high perception of Greenland hali- but as a more free-swimming species than other flatfishes (Merrett and Haedrich. The perception that Greenland hal- ibut may be a pelagically distributed species has primarily been based

  3. Intra-operative Registration for Deep Brain Stimulation Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Intra-operative Registration for Deep Brain Stimulation Procedures based on a Full Physics Heade Rennes I Abstract. Brain deformation is a factor of inaccuracy during stereo- tactic neurosurgeries to update the pre-operative planning based on a physical simulation of the brain shift. A minimization

  4. Deep tectonic influence on shallow structures of Allegheny plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, T.K. Jr.; Morris, J.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lower plateau area of western Pennsylvania and western West Virginia is underlain by numerous salt-cored anticlinal structures. The locations of these anticlines have been controlled by disturbances in the salt and discontinuities on detachment horizons. These discontinuities were produced by deep-seated faults with ongoing movements that persisted into or through the time of Salina deposition. Tilting of the basin during post-Salina sedimentation caused the salts to mobilize. These highly ductile units began to sag into the deep basin at a very early stage and moved by sliding until they reached the zones where faulting had disrupted the glide surfaces. Seismic examples show how the pileup of salts along these fault-disturbed zones has produced the cores of the modern anticlines. Characteristic movements within these salt pillows have led to such familiar Appalachian features as anticlines that are steeper on the southeastern flank, fracturing and faulting with apparent thrusting in the Onondaga-Oriskany-Helderberg section, and zones of fracture porosity and enhanced producibility in the Devonian shales and shallow reservoirs. An understanding of deep structures and salt deformation features in a shallow prospect area can lead to the discovery of zones of fracture porosity and can improve production in tight formations or permit the avoidance of areas where fracturing is so intense that no effective cap rock remains. Deep structure and salt tectonics can be relevant to shallow development work.

  5. Why West Cumbria is unsuitable for a deep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , with current water production Wells Typical geology in northern Allerdale ? LEGAL CHALLENGE #12;(Oil and gasWhy West Cumbria is unsuitable for a deep geological nuclear waste facility: Allerdale International aspects Guidelines What other countries do Geology of Allerdale Political/scientific manipulation

  6. Deep water gives up another secret Craig E. Manning1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    to other geologically rele- vant compounds such as CO2. Previous determinations of eH2O extend to modest advantage of the fact that at high density and temperature, diffusion and rotation of water molecules that constrain one of water's most important properties at deep-earth conditions: its dielec- tric constant

  7. Jets in Deep Inelasic Scattering at HERA Joachim Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jets in Deep Inelasic Scattering at HERA Joachim Meyer DESY and CERN On behalf of H1 AND ZEUS with QCD predictions . Extraction of # s Joachim Meyer Rencontre des Moriond, Les Arc, March 2000 1 #12 ( ZEUS Detector) l l' Q 2 = q 2 p x Bj QPM Diagram Joachim Meyer Rencontre des Moriond, Les Arc, March

  8. The Canada-France Deep Fields III: Photometric Redshift Distribution to I(AB) ~ 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Brodwin; S. J. Lilly; C. Porciani; H. J. McCracken; O. Le Fevre; S. Foucaud; D. Crampton; Y. Mellier

    2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute accurate redshift distributions to I(AB) = 24 and R(AB) = 24.5 using photometric redshifts estimated from six-band UBVRIZ photometry in the Canada-France Deep Fields-Photometric Redshift Survey (CFDF-PRS). Our photometric redshift algorithm is calibrated using hundreds of CFRS spectroscopic redshifts in the same fields. The dispersion in redshift is \\sigma/(1+z) \\la 0.04 to the CFRS depth of I(AB) = 22.5, rising to \\sigma/(1+z) \\la 0.06 at our nominal magnitude and redshift limits of I(AB) = 24 and z \\le 1.3, respectively. We describe a new method to compute N(z) that incorporates the full redshift likelihood functions in a Bayesian iterative analysis and we demonstrate in extensive Monte Carlo simulations that it is superior to distributions calculated using simple maximum likelihood redshifts. The field-to-field differences in the redshift distributions, while not unexpected theoretically, are substantial even on 30' scales. We provide I(AB) and R(AB) redshift distributions, median redshifts, and parametrized fits of our results in various magnitude ranges, accounting for both random and systematic errors in the analysis.

  9. A deep near-infrared survey toward the Aquila molecular cloud - I. Molecular hydrogen outflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Miaomiao; Wang, Hongchi; Sun, Jia; Wang, Min; Jiang, Zhibo; Anathipindika, Sumedh

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed an unbiased deep near-infrared survey toward the Aquila molecular cloud with a sky coverage of ~1 deg2. We identified 45 molecular hydrogen emission-line objects(MHOs), of which only 11 were previously known. Using the Spitzer archival data we also identified 802 young stellar objects (YSOs) in this region. Based on the morphology and the location of MHOs and YSO candidates, we associate 43 MHOs with 40 YSO candidates. The distribution of jet length shows an exponential decrease in the number of outflows with increasing length and the molecular hydrogen outflows seem to be oriented randomly. Moreover, there is no obvious correlation between jet lengths, jet opening angles, or jet H2 1-0 S(1) luminosities and spectral indices of the possible driving sources in this region. We also suggest that molecular hydrogen outflows in the Aquila molecular cloud are rather weak sources of turbulence, unlikely to generate the observed velocity dispersion in the region of survey.

  10. Mott law as lower bound for a random walk in a random environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Faggionato; H. Schulz-Baldes; D. Spehner

    2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a random walk on the support of a stationary simple point process on $R^d$, $d\\geq 2$ which satisfies a mixing condition w.r.t.the translations or has a strictly positive density uniformly on large enough cubes. Furthermore the point process is furnished with independent random bounded energy marks. The transition rates of the random walk decay exponentially in the jump distances and depend on the energies through a factor of the Boltzmann-type. This is an effective model for the phonon-induced hopping of electrons in disordered solids within the regime of strong Anderson localization. We show that the rescaled random walk converges to a Brownian motion whose diffusion coefficient is bounded below by Mott's law for the variable range hopping conductivity at zero frequency. The proof of the lower bound involves estimates for the supercritical regime of an associated site percolation problem.

  11. SEISMIC EVALUATION OF HYDROCARBON SATURATION IN DEEP-WATER RESERVOIRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; Huw James

    2005-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    During this last quarter of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we have moved forward on several fronts, including data acquisition as well as analysis and application. During this quarter we have: (1) Completed our site selection (finally); (2) Measured fluid effects in Troika deep water sand sample; (3) Applied the result to Ursa ''fizz gas'' zone; (4) Compared thin layer property averaging on AVO response; (5) Developed target oriented NMO stretch correction; (6) Examined thin bed effects on A-B crossplots; and (7) Begun incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models. Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and tuning will alter our hydrocarbon indicators. Reservoirs composed of thin bed effects will broaden the reflection amplitude distribution with incident angle. Normal move out (NMO) stretch corrections based on frequency shifts can be applied to offset this effect. Tuning will also disturb the location of extracted amplitudes on AVO intercept and gradient (A-B) plots. Many deep water reservoirs fall this tuning thickness range. Our goal for the remaining project period is to systematically combine and document these various effects for use in deep water exploration.

  12. Regulatory Considerations Of Waste Emplacement Within The WIPP Repository: Random Versus Non-Random Distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, S. C.; Patterson, R. L.; Gross, M.; Lickliter, K.; Stein, J. S.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for disposing of transuranic waste in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in southeastern New Mexico. As part of that responsibility, DOE must comply with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) radiation protection standards in Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Parts 191 and 194. This paper addresses compliance with the criteria of 40 CFR Section 194.24(d) and 194.24(f) that require DOE to either provide a waste loading scheme for the WIPP repository or to assume random emplacement in the mandated performance and compliance assessments. The DOE established a position on waste loading schemes during the process of obtaining the EPA's initial Certification in 1998. The justification for utilizing a random waste emplacement distribution within the WIPP repository was provided to the EPA. During the EPA rulemaking process for the initial certification, the EPA questioned DOE on whether waste would be loaded randomly as modeled in long-term performance assessment (PA) and the impact, if any, of nonrandom loading. In response, DOE conducted an impact assessment for non-random waste loading. The results of this assessment supported the contention that it does not matter whether random or non-random waste loading is assumed for the PA. The EPA determined that a waste loading plan was unnecessary because DOE had assumed random waste loading and evaluated the potential consequences of non-random loading for a very high activity waste stream. In other words, the EPA determined that DOE was not required to provide a waste loading scheme because compliance is not affected by the actual distribution of waste containers in the WIPP.

  13. Improved global bathymetry, global sea floor roughness, and deep ocean mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Joseph Jeffrey

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred fromdissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred fromthe amount of energy conversion in an ocean of finite depth

  14. Improved Global Bathymetry, Global Sea Floor Roughness, and Deep Ocean Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Joseph J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred fromdissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred fromthe amount of energy conversion in an ocean of finite depth

  15. Deep Vadose ZoneApplied Field Research Initiative Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wellman, Dawn M.; Truex, Michael J.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Bunn, Amoret L.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.

    2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report describes the background of the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative, and some of the programmatic approaches and transformational technologies in groundwater and deep vadose zone remediation developed during fiscal year 2012.

  16. Effects of Word Abstractness in a Connectionist Model of Deep Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaut, David C.

    Effects of Word Abstractness in a Connectionist Model of Deep Dyslexia David C. Plaut School with "concrete word dyslexia." Introduction Extensive work within cognitive neuropsychology sug- gests article, "Deep Dyslexia since 1980," Coltheart, Patterson & Marshall (1987) ar- guethat deepdyslexia

  17. Environmental genomics reveals a single species ecosystem deep within the Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chivian, Dylan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ecosystem deep within the Earth Dylan Chivian 1,2 *, Eoin L.and Survival, Berkeley, CA Earth Sciences Division, Lawrenceecosystem deep within the Earth Dylan Chivian 1,2* , Eoin L.

  18. The QBO's influence on lightning production and deep convection in the tropics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez, Celina Anne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ) flash densities and ten years (1998-2007) of TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) deep convective and stratiform rainfall and convective echo top heights are analyzed. The QBO can be linked to deep convection through two hypothesized mechanisms: 1) modulation...

  19. Deep-Sea Research I 53 (2006) 17181728 A North Atlantic deep-water eddy in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    properties in the SE Atlantic Ocean and SW Indian Ocean, we conclude that the eddy was formed in the Agulhas, which flows from the SE Atlantic around the Agulhas Bank. A deeply penetrating Agulhas Ring spun up. Keywords: Circulation; Indian Ocean; Boundary currents; Agulhas Current; Deep water; Oceanic eddies 1

  20. Instruction sets for Parallel Random Access Machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trahan, J.L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computational powers of time-bounded Parallel Random Access Machines (PRAMs) with different instruction sets are compared. A basic PRAM can perform the following operations in unit-time: addition, subtraction, Boolean operations, comparisons, and indirect addressing. Multiple processors may concurrently read and concurrently write a single cell. This thesis establishes that the class of languages accepted in polynomial time on a PRAM(*, {up arrow}, {down arrow}) contains the class of languages accepted in exponential time on a nondeterministic Turing machine (NEXPTIME) and is contained in the class of languages accepted in exponential space on a Turing machine. Efficient simulations are presented of PRAMs with enhanced instruction sets by sequential RAMs with the same instruction sets; also simulations of probabilistic PRAMs by deterministic PRAMs, using parallelism to replace randomness. Also given are simulations of PRAM(op)s by PRAMs, where both the simulated machine and the simulating machine are exclusive-read, exclusive-write machines.

  1. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  2. Chopped random-basis quantum optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommaso Caneva; Tommaso Calarco; Simone Montangero

    2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we describe in detail the "Chopped RAndom Basis" (CRAB) optimal control technique recently introduced to optimize t-DMRG simulations [arXiv:1003.3750]. Here we study the efficiency of this control technique in optimizing different quantum processes and we show that in the considered cases we obtain results equivalent to those obtained via different optimal control methods while using less resources. We propose the CRAB optimization as a general and versatile optimal control technique.

  3. Movement of Deep-Sea Coral Populations on Climatic Timescales 3.1 ABSTRACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfree, Erik

    the distributions and rates of deep-water mass shifts during times of past climate change has largely been informed by several millennial scale rapid climate change events. Here we investigate the ecological response of deep-sea coral communities to both glaciation and rapid climate change. We find that the deep-sea coral

  4. n commenting on the recent chess match between Garry Kasparov and Deep Blue, IBM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munakata, Toshinori

    OnSite Viewpoint n commenting on the recent chess match between Garry Kasparov and Deep Blue, IBM literature even proclaimed, "The power behind Deep Blue is an IBM RS/6000 SP sys- tem finely tuned a somewhat different view of Deep Blue's prowess and its implica- tions for computing in general and AI

  5. Query Planning for Searching Inter-Dependent Deep-web Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Gagan

    Query Planning for Searching Inter-Dependent Deep-web Databases Fan Wang1 , Gagan Agrawal1 query forms, thus forming what is referred to as the deep web. It is de- sirable to have systems data retrieval from the deep web. However, such systems need to address the following challenges. First

  6. Understanding Deep Web Search Interfaces: A Survey Ritu Khare Yuan An Il-Yeol Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    Understanding Deep Web Search Interfaces: A Survey Ritu Khare Yuan An Il-Yeol Song The i presents a survey on the major approaches to search interface understanding. The Deep Web consists of data of Deep Web. Automatic access to these data requires an automatic understanding of search interfaces

  7. QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    1 QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web James data preparation technique for large scale data analysis of the Deep Web. To support QA the Deep Web. Two unique features of the Thor framework are (1) the novel page clustering for grouping

  8. Deep web search: an overview and roadmap K. Tjin-Kam-Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    1 Deep web search: an overview and roadmap K. Tjin-Kam-Jet University of Twente, Enschede@ewi.utwente.nl Abstract: We review the state-of-the-art in deep web search and propose a novel classification scheme to better compare deep web search systems. The current binary classification (surfacing versus virtual

  9. Google's Deep-Web Crawl Jayant Madhavan David Ko Lucja Kot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Google's Deep-Web Crawl Jayant Madhavan David Ko Lucja Kot Google Inc. Google Inc. Cornell@cs.ucsd.edu halevy@google.com ABSTRACT The Deep Web, i.e., content hidden behind HTML forms, has long been of the structured data on the Web, accessing Deep-Web content has been a long-standing challenge for the database

  10. Crawling Deep Web Using a New Set Covering , Jianguo Lu12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Crawling Deep Web Using a New Set Covering Algorithm Yan Wang1 , Jianguo Lu12 , and Jessica Chen1 1,jlu,xjchen}@uwindsor.ca 2 Key Lab of Novel Software Technology, Nanjing, China. Abstract. Crawling the deep web often studied. The conventional set cov- ering algorithms, however, do not work well when applied to deep web

  11. Exploiting the Deep Web with DynaBot: Matching, Probing, and Ranking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caverlee, James

    Exploiting the Deep Web with DynaBot: Matching, Probing, and Ranking Daniel Rocco University, CA, USA critchlow1@llnl.gov ABSTRACT We present the design of Dynabot, a guided Deep Web discovery system. Dynabot's modular architecture sup- ports focused crawling of the Deep Web with an empha- sis

  12. Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu, Qinghua Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Efficient Deep Web Crawling Using Reinforcement Learning Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qian Feng, Jun Liu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract. Deep web refers to the hidden part of the Web that remains unavailable for standard Web crawlers. To obtain content of Deep Web is challenging and has been acknowledged

  13. Agreement Based Source Selection for the Multi-Topic Deep Web Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    Agreement Based Source Selection for the Multi-Topic Deep Web Integration Manishkumar Jha #1 ,Raju USA 85287 {1 mjha1,2 rajub,3 rao}@asu.edu Abstract One immediate challenge in searching the deep web. For open collections like the deep web, the source se- lection must be sensitive to trustworthiness

  14. Probe, Cluster, and Discover: Focused Extraction of QA-Pagelets from the Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Probe, Cluster, and Discover: Focused Extraction of QA-Pagelets from the Deep Web James Caverlee mining system for discovering and extracting QA- Pagelets from the Deep Web. A unique feature of THOR is its two-phase extraction framework. In the first phase, pages from a deep web site are grouped

  15. A Holistic Solution for Duplicate Entity Identification in Deep Web Data Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Holistic Solution for Duplicate Entity Identification in Deep Web Data Integration Wei Liu 1 in deep Web data integration, the goal of duplicate entity identification is to discover the duplicate to deep Web data integration systems. That is, one duplicate entity matcher trained over two specific Web

  16. Ranking Bias in Deep Web Size Estimation Using Capture Recapture Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Ranking Bias in Deep Web Size Estimation Using Capture Recapture Method Jianguo Lu Preprint submitted to Elsevier March 12, 2010 #12;Ranking Bias in Deep Web Size Estimation Using Capture Recapture, Canada. email: jlu@uwindsor.ca Abstract Many deep web data sources are ranked data sources, i

  17. Dealing with the Deep Web and all its Quirks Meghyn Bienvenu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senellart, Pierre

    Dealing with the Deep Web and all its Quirks Meghyn Bienvenu CNRS; Universite Paris-Sud meghyn harvest, query, or combine Deep Web sources. Yet, in addition to well-studied aspects of the problem such as query answering using views, access limitations, or top-k querying, the Deep Web exhibits a number

  18. QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large-Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caverlee, James

    QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large-Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web James the QA-Pagelet as a fundamental data preparation technique for large-scale data analysis of the Deep Web-Pagelets from the Deep Web. Two unique features of the Thor framework are 1) the novel page clustering

  19. Exploiting Parallelism to Accelerate Keyword Search On Deep-web Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Gagan

    Exploiting Parallelism to Accelerate Keyword Search On Deep-web Sources Tantan Liu Fan Wang Gagan,wangfa,agrawal}@cse.ohio-state.edu Abstract. Increasingly, biological data is being shared over the deep web. Many biological queries can only that exploits parallelization for accelerating search over multiple deep web data sources. An interactive, two

  20. Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Learning Deep Web Crawling with Diverse Features Lu Jiang, Zhaohui Wu, Qinghua Zheng and Jun Liu@yahoo.com, wzh@stu.xjtu.edu.cn, qhzheng@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, liukeen@mail.xjtu.edu.cn Abstract--The key to Deep Web crawling is to submit promising keywords to query form and retrieve Deep Web content efficiently. To select

  1. TS-IDS Algorithm For Query Selection in the Deep Web Crawling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    TS-IDS Algorithm For Query Selection in the Deep Web Crawling Yan Wang1 , Jianguo Lu2 , and Jessica. The deep web crawling is the process of collecting data items inside a data source hidden behind searchable of documents and terms involved, calls for new approximation algorithms for efficient deep web data crawling

  2. Host-IP Clustering Technique for Deep Web Characterization Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Host-IP Clustering Technique for Deep Web Characterization Denis Shestakov Department of Media databases. This part of the Web, known as the deep Web, is to date relatively unexplored and even major are aimed at more accurate estimation of main parameters of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain

  3. Query Planning for Searching Inter-dependent Deep-Web Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Ruoming

    Query Planning for Searching Inter-dependent Deep-Web Databases Fan Wang1 , Gagan Agrawal1 query forms, thus forming what is referred to as the deep web. It is de- sirable to have systems data retrieval from the deep web. However, such systems need to address the following challenges. First

  4. SEEDEEP: A System for Exploring and Querying Scientific Deep Web Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Gagan

    SEEDEEP: A System for Exploring and Querying Scientific Deep Web Data Sources Fan Wang Gagan that are hidden behind query forms, thus forming what is re- ferred to as the deep web. In this paper, we propose SEEDEEP, a System for Exploring and quErying scientific DEEP web data sources. SEEDEEP is able

  5. Influence of bacterial uptake on deep-ocean dissolved organic Jrgen Bendtsen and Claus Lundsgaard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, David

    loop in the aphotic zone based on new measurements of deep ocean bacterial metabolism. These together ocean circulation, we show that the observed gradient of DOC in the deep North Atlantic can be explained by the temperature dependence of bacterial metabolic activity in conjunction with the formation of deep-water at high

  6. Steady improved confinement in FTU high field plasmas sustained by deep pellet injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    Steady improved confinement in FTU high field plasmas sustained by deep pellet injection D to the maximum nominal toroidal field (8 T) by deep multiple pellet injection. These plasmas also feature high to the input power due to particle concentration in the well confined hot core. Deep pellet injection (e

  7. Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection D at the maximum nominal toroidal field (8 T), and lower, by deep multiple pellet injection. These plasmas featured due to particle concentration in the well confined hot core. Deep pellet injection in Alcator C high

  8. ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ViDE: A Vision-Based Approach for Deep Web Data Extraction Wei Liu, Xiaofeng Meng, Member, IEEE, and Weiyi Meng, Member, IEEE Abstract--Deep Web contents are accessed by queries submitted to Web databases and the returned data records are enwrapped in dynamically generated Web pages (they will be called deep Web pages

  9. Velocities of deep water reservoir sands De-hua Han, University of Houston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and glass bean mixture (Zimmer, et al., 2002). Texture of deep-water sands Core samples come from two wellsVelocities of deep water reservoir sands De-hua Han, University of Houston M. Batzle, Colorado the application for DHI techniques. Summary In deep-water sedimentary processes, compaction is a major force

  10. Latent Learning in Deep Neural Nets Steven Gutstein, Olac Fuentes and Eric Freudenthal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuentes, Olac

    Latent Learning in Deep Neural Nets Steven Gutstein, Olac Fuentes and Eric Freudenthal Abstract of transfer learning. We utilize latent learning to enable a deep neural net to dis- tinguish among a set-mean' classification technique, which is explained later in this paper. The deep neural net architecture used was a Le

  11. Quantifying the differential contributions of deep groundwater to streamflow in nested basins, using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    -solute, deep groundwater and a low-solute, soil-water. The mixing model indicated 69% ± 10% deep groundwater-member mixing, hydrological pathway, interbasin groundwater flow INTRODUCTION Knowledge of hydrological pathwaysQuantifying the differential contributions of deep groundwater to streamflow in nested basins

  12. activated random walkers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dupic 2013-11-04 15 Transition to Localization of Biased Walkers in a Randomly Absorbing Enviroment Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: We study biased random walkers on lattices...

  13. Electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Moran [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kang, Qinjun [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a numerical framework to model the electrokinetic transport in microchannels with random roughness. The three-dimensional microstructure of the rough channel is generated by a random generation-growth method with three statistical parameters to control the number density, the total volume fraction, and the anisotropy characteristics of roughness elements. The governing equations for the electrokinetic transport are solved by a high-efficiency lattice Poisson?Boltzmann method in complex geometries. The effects from the geometric characteristics of roughness on the electrokinetic transport in microchannels are therefore modeled and analyzed. For a given total roughness volume fraction, a higher number density leads to a lower fluctuation because of the random factors. The electroosmotic flow rate increases with the roughness number density nearly logarithmically for a given volume fraction of roughness but decreases with the volume fraction for a given roughness number density. When both the volume fraction and the number density of roughness are given, the electroosmotic flow rate is enhanced by the increase of the characteristic length along the external electric field direction but is reduced by that in the direction across the channel. For a given microstructure of the rough microchannel, the electroosmotic flow rate decreases with the Debye length. It is found that the shape resistance of roughness is responsible for the flow rate reduction in the rough channel compared to the smooth channel even for very thin double layers, and hence plays an important role in microchannel electroosmotic flows.

  14. Random one-of-N selector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for selecting at random one item of N items on the average comprising counter and reset elements for counting repeatedly between zero and N, a number selected by the user, a circuit for activating and deactivating the counter, a comparator to determine if the counter stopped at a count of zero, an output to indicate an item has been selected when the count is zero or not selected if the count is not zero. Randomness is provided by having the counter cycle very often while varying the relatively longer duration between activation and deactivation of the count. The passive circuit components of the activating/deactivating circuit and those of the counter are selected for the sensitivity of their response to variations in temperature and other physical characteristics of the environment so that the response time of the circuitry varies. Additionally, the items themselves, which may be people, may vary in shape or the time they press a pushbutton, so that, for example, an ultrasonic beam broken by the item or person passing through it will add to the duration of the count and thus to the randomness of the selection.

  15. Random parking, Euclidean functionals, and rubber elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gloria, Antoine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study subadditive functions of the random parking model previously analyzed by the second author. In particular, we consider local functions $S$ of subsets of $\\mathbb{R}^d$ and of point sets that are (almost) subadditive in their first variable. Denoting by $\\xi$ the random parking measure in $\\mathbb{R}^d$, and by $\\xi^R$ the random parking measure in the cube $Q_R=(-R,R)^d$, we show, under some natural assumptions on $S$, that there exists a constant $\\bar{S}\\in \\mathbb{R}$ such that % $$ \\lim_{R\\to +\\infty} \\frac{S(Q_R,\\xi)}{|Q_R|}\\,=\\,\\lim_{R\\to +\\infty}\\frac{S(Q_R,\\xi^R)}{|Q_R|}\\,=\\,\\bar{S} $$ % almost surely. If $\\zeta \\mapsto S(Q_R,\\zeta)$ is the counting measure of $\\zeta$ in $Q_R$, then we retrieve the result by the second author on the existence of the jamming limit. The present work generalizes this result to a wide class of (almost) subadditive functions. In particular, classical Euclidean optimization problems as well as the discrete model for rubber previously studied by Alicandro, Cicalese,...

  16. Random parking, Euclidean functionals, and rubber elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine Gloria; Mathew D. Penrose

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study subadditive functions of the random parking model previously analyzed by the second author. In particular, we consider local functions $S$ of subsets of $\\mathbb{R}^d$ and of point sets that are (almost) subadditive in their first variable. Denoting by $\\xi$ the random parking measure in $\\mathbb{R}^d$, and by $\\xi^R$ the random parking measure in the cube $Q_R=(-R,R)^d$, we show, under some natural assumptions on $S$, that there exists a constant $\\bar{S}\\in \\mathbb{R}$ such that % $$ \\lim_{R\\to +\\infty} \\frac{S(Q_R,\\xi)}{|Q_R|}\\,=\\,\\lim_{R\\to +\\infty}\\frac{S(Q_R,\\xi^R)}{|Q_R|}\\,=\\,\\bar{S} $$ % almost surely. If $\\zeta \\mapsto S(Q_R,\\zeta)$ is the counting measure of $\\zeta$ in $Q_R$, then we retrieve the result by the second author on the existence of the jamming limit. The present work generalizes this result to a wide class of (almost) subadditive functions. In particular, classical Euclidean optimization problems as well as the discrete model for rubber previously studied by Alicandro, Cicalese, and the first author enter this class of functions. In the case of rubber elasticity, this yields an approximation result for the continuous energy density associated with the discrete model at the thermodynamic limit, as well as a generalization to stochastic networks generated on bounded sets.

  17. Asymptotic properties of a bold random walk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurizio Serva

    2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent paper we proposed a non-Markovian random walk model with memory of the maximum distance ever reached from the starting point (home). The behavior of the walker is at variance with respect to the simple symmetric random walk (SSRW) only when she is at this maximum distance, where, having the choice to move either farther or closer, she decides with different probabilities. If the probability of a forward step is higher then the probability of a backward step, the walker is bold and her behavior turns out to be super-diffusive, otherwise she is timorous and her behavior turns out to be sub-diffusive. The scaling behavior vary continuously from sub-diffusive (timorous) to super-diffusive (bold) according to a single parameter $\\gamma \\in R$. We investigate here the asymptotic properties of the bold case in the non ballistic region $\\gamma \\in [0,1/2]$, a problem which was left partially unsolved in \\cite{S}. The exact results proved in this paper require new probabilistic tools which rely on the construction of appropriate martingales of the random walk and its hitting times.

  18. On the rank of random matrices C. Cooper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Colin

    Random Matrices Over Finite Fields, J. Blomer, R. Karp and E. Welzl, [BKW], pose the following question

  19. Monte Carlo Algorithmsa The randomized bipartite perfect matching algorithm is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

    Markov Inequalitya Lemma 61 Let x be a random variable taking nonnegative integer values. Then for any k

  20. Monte Carlo Algorithmsa The randomized bipartite perfect matching algorithm is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

    , National Taiwan University Page 461 #12;The Markov Inequalitya Lemma 64 Let x be a random variable taking

  1. MAS 108 Probability I Continuous random variables Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    when a number is chosen at random from the interval [a,b], with all values equally likely. · p.d.f. f if x > b. · E(X) = (a+b)/2, Var(X) = (b-a)2/12. Normal random variable N(µ,2) (Lindley and Scott, TableMAS 108 Probability I Continuous random variables Summary Uniform random variable U[a,b] · Occurs

  2. Random Selection with an Adversarial Majority Ronen Gradwohl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuckerman, David

    the problem of random selection, where p players follow a protocol to jointly select a random element to jointly make a random choice from a universe of size n. They follow some protocol, and if all parties play selection is a very useful building block for distributed algorithms and cryptographic protocols, because

  3. Random packing of hyperspheres and Marsaglia's Parking Lot Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitlock, Paula

    Random packing of hyperspheres and Marsaglia's Parking Lot Test Stefan C. Agapie and Paula A York 10021 September 30, 2009 Abstract Many studies of randomly packed hyperspheres in multiple box until some randomly loosely packed density is achieved. Then either a compression algorithm

  4. NON-PERTURBATIVE APPROACH TO RANDOM WALK IN MARKOVIAN ENVIRONMENT.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liverani, Carlangelo

    NON-PERTURBATIVE APPROACH TO RANDOM WALK IN MARKOVIAN ENVIRONMENT. DMITRY DOLGOPYAT AND CARLANGELO LIVERANI Abstract. We prove the CLT for a random walk in a dynamical environment where the states of the environment at different sites are independent Markov chains. 1. Introduction The study of random walk

  5. Stretched Polymers in Random Environment Dmitry Ioffe and Yvan Velenik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stretched Polymers in Random Environment Dmitry Ioffe and Yvan Velenik Abstract We survey recent results and open questions on the ballistic phase of stretched polymers in both annealed and quenched Introduction Stretched polymers or drifted random walks in random potentials could be consid- ered either

  6. Forest fires, explosions, and random trees Edward Crane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Forest fires, explosions, and random trees Edward Crane HIMR, UoB 13th January 2014 #12 and James Martin at the University of Oxford. Edward Crane (HIMR, UoB) Forest fires, explosions, and random process and the Brownian CRT. Edward Crane (HIMR, UoB) Forest fires, explosions, and random trees 13th

  7. Method for gasification of deep, thin coal seams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, David W. (Moraga, CA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of gasification of coal in deep, thin seams by using controlled bending subsidence to confine gas flow to a region close to the unconsumed coal face. The injection point is moved sequentially around the perimeter of a coal removal area from a production well to sweep out the area to cause the controlled bending subsidence. The injection holes are drilled vertically into the coal seam through the overburden or horizontally into the seam from an exposed coal face. The method is particularly applicable to deep, thin seams found in the eastern United States and at abandoned strip mines where thin seams were surface mined into a hillside or down a modest dip until the overburden became too thick for further mining.

  8. Method for gasification of deep, thin coal seams. [DOE patent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, D.W.

    1980-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of gasification of coal in deep, thin seams by using controlled bending subsidence to confine gas flow to a region close to the unconsumed coal face is given. The injection point is moved sequentially around the perimeter of a coal removal area from a production well to sweep out the area to cause the controlled bending subsidence. The injection holes are drilled vertically into the coal seam through the overburden or horizontally into the seam from an exposed coal face. The method is particularly applicable to deep, thin seams found in the eastern United States and at abandoned strip mines where thin seams were surface mined into a hillside or down a modest dip until the overburden became too thick for further mining.

  9. Diagenesis within the deep Tuscaloosa formation, Profit Island field, Louisiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudder, Karen Ann Gilchrist

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    facies controlled. Initially primary porosity of these turbidite sandstones was obliterated by minor physical compaction and abundant calcite cemen- tation. During deep burial, however, extensive leaching of cement, feldspars, and volcanic rock... and precipitation of abun- dant euhedral chlorite took place. Chlorite occurs as grain coatings and pore-linings which inhibits further cement development, and facilitates maintenance of optimum reservoir qualities. Kaolinite, iv illite, smectite, and some...

  10. Next Step Toward Widespread Residential Deep Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIlvaine, J.; Saunders, S.; Bordelon, E.; Baden, S.; Elam, L.; Martin, E.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complexity of deep energy retrofits warrants additional training to successfully manage multiple improvements that will change whole house air, heat, and moisture flow dynamics. The home performance contracting industry has responded to these challenges by aggregating skilled labor for assessment of and implementation under one umbrella. Two emerging business models are profiled that seek to resolve many of the challenges, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats described for the conventional business models.

  11. Deep ATLAS radio observations of the CDFS-SWIRE field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray P. Norris; Jose Afonso; Phil N. Appleton; Brian J. Boyle; Paolo Ciliegi; Scott M. Croom; Minh T. Huynh; Carole A. Jackson; Anton M. Koekemoer; Carol J. Lonsdale; Enno Middelberg; Bahram Mobasher; Seb J. Oliver; Mari Polletta; Brian D. Siana; Ian Smail; Maxim A. Voronkov

    2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first results from the Australia Telescope Large Area Survey (ATLAS), which consist of deep radio observations of a 3.7 square degree field surrounding the Chandra Deep Field South, largely coincident with the infrared Spitzer Wide-Area Extragalactic (SWIRE) Survey. We also list cross-identifications to infrared and optical photometry data from SWIRE, and ground-based optical spectroscopy. A total of 784 radio components are identified, corresponding to 726 distinct radio sources, nearly all of which are identified with SWIRE sources. Of the radio sources with measured redshifts, most lie in the redshift range 0.5-2, and include both star-forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei (AGN). We identify a rare population of infrared-faint radio sources which are bright at radio wavelengths but are not seen in the available optical, infrared, or X-ray data. Such rare classes of sources can only be discovered in wide, deep surveys such as this.

  12. Low-temperature random matrix theory at the soft edge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edelman, Alan [Department of Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Persson, Per-Olof [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Sutton, Brian D. [Department of Mathematics, Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, Virginia 23005 (United States)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Low temperature random matrix theory is the study of random eigenvalues as energy is removed. In standard notation, ? is identified with inverse temperature, and low temperatures are achieved through the limit ? ? ?. In this paper, we derive statistics for low-temperature random matrices at the soft edge, which describes the extreme eigenvalues for many random matrix distributions. Specifically, new asymptotics are found for the expected value and standard deviation of the general-? Tracy-Widom distribution. The new techniques utilize beta ensembles, stochastic differential operators, and Riccati diffusions. The asymptotics fit known high-temperature statistics curiously well and contribute to the larger program of general-? random matrix theory.

  13. Relativistic Random Phase Approximation At Finite Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, Y. F. [State Key Laboratory for Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb (Croatia); Paar, N.; Vretenar, D. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb (Croatia); Meng, J. [State Key Laboratory for Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The fully self-consistent finite temperature relativistic random phase approximation (FTRRPA) has been established in the single-nucleon basis of the temperature dependent Dirac-Hartree model (FTDH) based on effective Lagrangian with density dependent meson-nucleon couplings. Illustrative calculations in the FTRRPA framework show the evolution of multipole responses of {sup 132}Sn with temperature. With increased temperature, in both monopole and dipole strength distributions additional transitions appear in the low energy region due to the new opened particle-particle and hole-hole transition channels.

  14. Stochastic evolution equations with random generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leon, Jorge A.; Nualart, David

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    maximal inequality for the Skorohod integral deduced from the It os formula for this anticipating stochastic integral. 1. Introduction. In this paper we study nonlinear stochastic evolution equations of the form X t = ? + ? t 0 #3;A#3;s#4;X s +F#3;s#7;X.... The functions F#3;s#7;?#7; x#4; and B#3;s#7;?#7; x#4; are predictable processes satisfying suitable Lipschitztype conditions and taking values in H and L 2 #3;U#7;H#4;, respectively. We will assume that A#3;s#7;?#4; is a random family of unbounded operators...

  15. Randomly charged polymers in porous environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Blavatska; C. von Ferber

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the conformational properties of charged polymers in a solvent in the presence of structural obstacles correlated according to a power law $\\sim x^{-a}$. We work within the continuous representation of a model of linear chain considered as a random sequence of charges $q_i=\\pm q_0$. Such a model captures the properties of polyampholytes -- heteropolymers comprising both positively and negatively charged monomers. We apply the direct polymer renormalization scheme and analyze the scaling behavior of charged polymers up to the first order of an $\\epsilon=6-d$, $\\delta=4-a$-expansion.

  16. Nonlinear elastic polymers in random flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Martins Afonso; D. Vincenzi

    2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Polymer stretching in random smooth flows is investigated within the framework of the FENE dumbbell model. The advecting flow is Gaussian and short-correlated in time. The stationary probability density function of polymer extension is derived exactly. The characteristic time needed for the system to attain the stationary regime is computed as a function of the Weissenberg number and the maximum length of polymers. The transient relaxation to the stationary regime is predicted to be exceptionally slow in the proximity of the coil-stretch transition.

  17. Statistical regimes of random laser fluctuations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lepri, Stefano [Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via Madonna del Piano 10, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Cavalieri, Stefano [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, via G. Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); European Laboratory for Non-linear Spectroscopy, via N. Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Oppo, Gian-Luca [SUPA and Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow, G4 0NG, Scotland (United Kingdom); Wiersma, Diederik S. [European Laboratory for Non-linear Spectroscopy, via N. Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); BEC-INFM Center, I-38050 Povo, Trento (Italy)

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical fluctuations of the light emitted from amplifying random media are studied theoretically and numerically. The characteristic scales of the diffusive motion of light lead to Gaussian or power-law (Levy) distributed fluctuations depending on external control parameters. In the Levy regime, the output pulse is highly irregular leading to huge deviations from a mean-field description. Monte Carlo simulations of a simplified model which includes the population of the medium demonstrate the two statistical regimes and provide a comparison with dynamical rate equations. Different statistics of the fluctuations helps to explain recent experimental observations reported in the literature.

  18. Open quantum systems and Random Matrix Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Declan Mulhall

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple model for open quantum systems is analyzed with Random Matrix Theory. The system is coupled to the continuum in a minimal way. In this paper we see the effect of opening the system on the level statistics, in particular the $\\Delta_3(L)$ statistic, width distribution and level spacing are examined as a function of the strength of this coupling. A super-radiant transition is observed, and it is seen that as it is formed, the level spacing and $\\Delta_3(L)$ statistic exhibit the signatures of missed levels.

  19. Multidimensional Random Polymers : A Renewal Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Ioffe

    2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In these lecture notes, which are based on the mini-course given at 2013 Prague School on Mathematical Statistical Physics, we discuss ballistic phase of quenched and annealed stretched polymers in random environment on ${\\mathbb Z}^d$ with an emphasis on the natural renormalized renewal structures which appear in such models. In the ballistic regime an irreducible decomposition of typical polymers leads to an effectiverandom walk reinterpretation of the latter. In the annealed casethe Ornstein-Zernike theory based on this approach paves the way to an essentially complete control on the level of local limit results and invariance principles. In the quenched case, the renewal structure maps the model of stretched polymers into an effective model of directed polymers. As a result one is able to use techniques and ideas developed in the context of directed polymers in order to address issues like strong disorder in low dimensions and weak disorder in higher dimensions. Among the topics addressed: Thermodynamics of quenched and annealed models, multi-dimensional renewal theory (under Cramer's condition), renormalization and effective random walk structure of annealed polymers, very weak disorder in dimensions $d\\geq 4$ and strong disorder in dimensions $d=1,2$.

  20. Renormalized energy concentration in random matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei Borodin; Sylvia Serfaty

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We define a "renormalized energy" as an explicit functional on arbitrary point configurations of constant average density in the plane and on the real line. The definition is inspired by ideas of [SS1,SS3]. Roughly speaking, it is obtained by subtracting two leading terms from the Coulomb potential on a growing number of charges. The functional is expected to be a good measure of disorder of a configuration of points. We give certain formulas for its expectation for general stationary random point processes. For the random matrix $\\beta$-sine processes on the real line (beta=1,2,4), and Ginibre point process and zeros of Gaussian analytic functions process in the plane, we compute the expectation explicitly. Moreover, we prove that for these processes the variance of the renormalized energy vanishes, which shows concentration near the expected value. We also prove that the beta=2 sine process minimizes the renormalized energy in the class of determinantal point processes with translation invariant correlation kernels.

  1. Topic Sensitive SourceRank: Extending SourceRank for Performing Context-Sensitive Search over Deep Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    of the foremost challenges for searching deep-web. For a user query, source selection involves selecting a subset of deep-web sources expected to provide relevant answers to the user query. Existing source selection, given the autonomous and uncurated nature of deep-web, have be- come indispensible for searching deep-web

  2. CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    CRAWLING DEEP WEB CONTENT THROUGH QUERY FORMS Jun Liu, Zhaohui Wu, Lu Jiang, Qinghua Zheng, Xiao: Deep Web, Deep Web Surfacing, Minimum Executable Pattern, Adaptive Query Abstract: This paper proposes-based Deep Web adaptive query method. The query method extends query interface from single textbox to MEP set

  3. DEEP DESULFURIZATION OF DIESEL FUELS BY A NOVEL INTEGRATED APPROACH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaoliang Ma; Lu Sun; Chunshan Song

    2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the increasingly stricter regulations for deep reduction of fuel sulfur content, development of new deep desulfurization processes for liquid transport fuels has become one of the major challenges to the refining industry and to the production of hydrocarbon fuels for fuel cell applications. The sulfur compounds in the current transport fuels corresponding to the S level of 350-500 ppm account for only about 0.12-0.25 wt % of the fuel. The conventional hydrotreating approaches will need to increase catalyst bed volume at high-temperature and high-pressure conditions for treating 100 % of the whole fuel in order to convert the fuel mass of less than 0.25 wt %. In the present study, we are exploring a novel adsorption process for desulfurization at low temperatures, which can effectively reduce the sulfur content in gasoline, jet fuel and diesel fuel at low investment and operating cost to meet the needs for ultra-clean transportation fuels and for fuel cell applications. Some adsorbents were prepared in this study for selective adsorption of sulfur compounds in the fuels. The adsorption experiments were conducted by using a model fuel and real fuels. The results show that the adsorbent (A-1) with a transition metal compound has a significant selectivity for sulfur compounds with a saturated adsorption capacity of {approx}0.12 mol of sulfur compounds per mol of the metal compound. Most sulfur compounds existing in the current commercial gasoline, jet fuel and diesel fuel can be removed by the adsorption using adsorbent A-1. On the basis of the preliminary results, a novel concept for integrated process for deep desulfurization of liquid hydrocarbons was proposed.

  4. Approaches to the multivariate random variables associated with stochastic processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jihnhee

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    for the deep compartment. . . . . . . . . . . 71 33 The pharmacokinetic model for pravastatin. The compartment 1, 2, 3, and 4 represent the central, deep, shallow and absorption compartment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 34... developed and applied to pharmacokinetic problems. Matis, Wehrly and Metzler (1983) provide the theoret- ical framework to obtain the mean and variance of a residence time using the transfer coefficient matrix in the compartment model as a Markov process...

  5. Morphology and seismic stratigraphy of the Toyama deep sea fan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepherd, David Barton

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) was obtained from the Geodynamics Research Institute at Texas A&M University, and along with additional data obtained from NAVOCEANO, provided significant control for mapping in the study area (Figure 9). The GSJ.... C. Hilde The Toyama Deep Sea Fan, a contemporary depositional feature located in the Japan Sea, is a canyon-fed elongate fan system with pronounced lobes in both the Yamato and Japan Basins. The Toyama Fan is the eighth largest modern fan system...

  6. Nuclear medium effects in $?(\\bar?)$-nucleus deep inelastic scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Haider; I. Ruiz Simo; M. Sajjad Athar; M. J. Vicente Vacas

    2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the nuclear medium effects in the weak structure functions $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and $F_3(x,Q^2)$ in the deep inelastic neutrino/antineutrino reactions in nuclei. We use a theoretical model for the nuclear spectral functions which incorporates the conventional nuclear effects, such as Fermi motion, binding and nucleon correlations. We also consider the pion and rho meson cloud contributions calculated from a microscopic model for meson-nucleus self-energies. The calculations have been performed using relativistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations. Our results are compared with the experimental data of NuTeV and CDHSW.

  7. Generalized Parton Distributions from Deep Virtual Compton Scattering at CLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Guidal

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have analyzed the beam spin asymmetry and the longitudinally polarized target spin asymmetry of the Deep Virtual Compton Scattering process, recently measured by the Jefferson Lab CLAS collaboration. Our aim is to extract information about the Generalized Parton Distributions of the proton. By fitting these data, in a largely model-independent procedure, we are able to extract numerical values for the two Compton Form Factors $H_{Im}$ and $\\tilde{H}_{Im}$ with uncertainties, in average, of the order of 30%.

  8. Tunable deep-subwavelength superscattering using graphene monolayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, R J; Lin, S S; Liu, X; Chen, H S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Letter, we theoretically propose for the first time that graphene monolayers can be used for superscatterer designs. We show that the scattering cross section of the bare deep-subwavelength dielectric cylinder is markedly enhanced by six orders of magnitude due to the excitation of the first-order resonance of graphene plamons. By utilizing the tunability of the plasmonic resonance through tuning graphene's chemical potential, the graphene superscatterer works in a wide range of frequencies from several terahertz to tens of terahertz.

  9. Science Potential of a Deep Ocean Antineutrino Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steve Dye

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents science potential of a deep ocean antineutrino observatory under development at Hawaii. The observatory design allows for relocation from one site to another. Positioning the observatory some 60 km distant from a nuclear reactor complex enables precision measurement of neutrino mixing parameters, leading to a determination of neutrino mass hierarchy. At a mid-Pacific location the observatory measures the flux and ratio of uranium and thorium decay neutrinos from earth's mantle and performs a sensitive search for a hypothetical natural fission reactor in earth's core. A subsequent deployment at another mid-ocean location would test lateral heterogeneity of uranium and thorium in earth's mantle.

  10. Newporter Apartments: Deep Energy Retrofit Short-Term Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, A.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Lubliner, M.; Auer, D.; Clegg, Z.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project demonstrates a path to meet the goal of the Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30% in multi-family buildings. The project demonstrates cost effective energy savings targets as well as improved comfort and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) associated with deep energy retrofits by a large public housing authority as part of a larger rehabilitation effort. The project focuses on a typical 1960's vintage low-rise multi-family apartment community (120 units in three buildings).

  11. Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Batzle

    2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    During this last period of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we finalized integration of rock physics, well log analysis, seismic processing, and forward modeling techniques. Most of the last quarter was spent combining the results from the principal investigators and come to some final conclusions about the project. Also much of the effort was directed towards technology transfer through the Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators mini-symposium at UH and through publications. As a result we have: (1) Tested a new method to directly invert reservoir properties, water saturation, Sw, and porosity from seismic AVO attributes; (2) Constrained the seismic response based on fluid and rock property correlations; (3) Reprocessed seismic data from Ursa field; (4) Compared thin layer property distributions and averaging on AVO response; (5) Related pressures and sorting effects on porosity and their influence on DHI's; (6) Examined and compared gas saturation effects for deep and shallow reservoirs; (7) Performed forward modeling using geobodies from deepwater outcrops; (8) Documented velocities for deepwater sediments; (9) Continued incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models; (10) Held an open DHI symposium to present the final results of the project; (11) Relations between Sw, porosity, and AVO attributes; (12) Models of Complex, Layered Reservoirs; and (14) Technology transfer Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and tuning will alter our hydrocarbon indicators. Gas saturated reservoirs change reflection amplitudes significantly. The goal for the final project period was to systematically combine and document these various effects for use in deep water exploration and transfer this knowledge as clearly and effectively as possible.

  12. Quantitative evaluation of bioturbation on the deep sea floor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guinasso, Norman Louis

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Bowen (1973) reported measurements of plutonium in six cores taken in 1969 through 1971 in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterran- ean Sea. Measurable amounts of plutonium were found at depths of the order of 10 cm below the surface in five of these cores... between 1 and 10 cd kyr r by invoking the assumption that mixing is proportional to biomass. Plutonium distributions in deep sea sedi- ments (Noshkin and Bowcn, 1973) indicate abyssal mixing rates ranging from 100-400 cmP kyr r . AC KN OWLE DGEMEN TS...

  13. ARM - Field Campaign - Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8LigovCampaignsCLEX-5 CampaignSP2 Deployment atgovCampaignsDeep

  14. Deep Sky Astronomical Image Database Project at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management FermiDavid Turner David3 | National Nuclear6DecodingDeep

  15. Hanford Deep Dig Removes Contaminated Soil | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12 OPAMGeneralGuiding Documents and LinkslDeep Dig Removes

  16. A Deep Dive into the Subsea Environment | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2you aA Deep Dive into the

  17. Optimized quantum random-walk search algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Potocek; A. Gabris; T. Kiss; I. Jex

    2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Shenvi, Kempe and Whaley's quantum random-walk search (SKW) algorithm [Phys. Rev. A 67, 052307 (2003)] is known to require $O(\\sqrt N)$ number of oracle queries to find the marked element, where $N$ is the size of the search space. The overall time complexity of the SKW algorithm differs from the best achievable on a quantum computer only by a constant factor. We present improvements to the SKW algorithm which yield significant increase in success probability, and an improvement on query complexity such that the theoretical limit of a search algorithm succeeding with probability close to one is reached. We point out which improvement can be applied if there is more than one marked element to find.

  18. Viscoelastic contact mechanics between randomly rough surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Scaraggi; Bo N. J. Persson

    2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present exact numerical results for the friction force and the contact area for a viscoelastic solid (rubber) in sliding contact with hard, randomly rough substrates. The rough surfaces are self-affine fractal with roughness over several decades in length scales. We calculate the contribution to the friction from the pulsating deformations induced by the substrate asperities. We also calculate how the area of real contact, $A(v,p) $, depends on the sliding speed $v$ and on the nominal contact pressure $p$, and we show how the contact area for any sliding speed can be obtained from a universal master curve $A(p)$. The numerical results are found to be in good agreement with the predictions of an analytical contact mechanics theory.

  19. Fresh look at randomly branched polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hans-Karl Janssen; Olaf Stenull

    2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a new, dynamical field theory of isotropic randomly branched polymers, and we use this model in conjunction with the renormalization group (RG) to study several prominent problems in the physics of these polymers. Our model provides an alternative vantage point to understand the swollen phase via dimensional reduction. We reveal a hidden Becchi-Rouet-Stora (BRS) symmetry of the model that describes the collapse ($\\theta$-)transition to compact polymer-conformations, and calculate the critical exponents to 2-loop order. It turns out that the long-standing 1-loop results for these exponents are not entirely correct. A runaway of the RG flow indicates that the so-called $\\theta^\\prime$-transition could be a fluctuation induced first order transition.

  20. Driven synchronization in random networks of oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hindes, Jason

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchronization is a universal phenomenon found in many non-equilibrium systems. Much recent interest in this area has overlapped with the study of complex networks, where a major focus is determining how a system's connectivity patterns affect the types of behavior that it can produce. Thus far, modeling efforts have focused on the tendency of networks of oscillators to mutually synchronize themselves, with less emphasis on the effects of external driving. In this work we discuss the interplay between mutual and driven synchronization in networks of phase oscillators of the Kuramoto type, and resolve how the structure and emergence of such states depends on the underlying network topology for simple random networks with a given degree distribution. We provide a partial bifurcation analysis, centering on the appearance of a Takens-Bogdanov-Cusp singularity, which broadly separates homogeneous and heterogeneous network behavior in a weak coupling limit, and from which the number, stability and appearance of dr...

  1. Non-classical Random Walks - Simple models, surprising results ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathon Peterson

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 25, 2009 ... Example: Probability distribution of simple random walk with p = .75 after 50 steps. ..... Theorem (Lyons, Pemantle, & Peres '96). There exists a...

  2. Random matrices with external source and KP $?$ functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong Wang

    2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we prove that the partition function in the random matrix model with external source is a KP $\\tau$ function.

  3. A Class of Randomized Primal-Dual Algorithms for Distributed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    15531557, Bucharest, Romania, 27-31 Aug. 2012. [49] P. Richtrik and M. Takc. Iteration complexity of randomized block-coordinate descent methods for.

  4. Efficient random coordinate descent algorithms for large-scale ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    (will be inserted by the editor). Efficient random coordinate descent algorithms for large-scale structured nonconvex optimization. Andrei Patrascu Ion Necoara.

  5. Embedding quantum and random optics in a larger field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Morgan

    2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Introducing creation and annihilation operators for negative frequency components extends the algebra of smeared local observables of quantum optics to include an associated classical random field optics.

  6. Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montanari, Annamaria

    Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati Andrea Montanari Amin Saberi Abstract We for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University; saberi@stanford.edu. knowledge

  7. A Randomized Rounding Approach to the Traveling Salesman Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saberi, Amin

    A Randomized Rounding Approach to the Traveling Salesman Problem Shayan Oveis Gharan Amin Saberi. Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University. Email:saberi@stanford.edu School

  8. Evidence for Non-Random Hydrophobicity Structures in Protein Chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders Irbck; Carsten Peterson; Frank Potthast

    1996-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The question of whether proteins originate from random sequences of amino acids is addressed. A statistical analysis is performed in terms of blocked and random walk values formed by binary hydrophobic assignments of the amino acids along the protein chains. Theoretical expectations of these variables from random distributions of hydrophobicities are compared with those obtained from functional proteins. The results, which are based upon proteins in the SWISS-PROT data base, convincingly show that the amino acid sequences in proteins differ from what is expected from random sequences in a statistical significant way. By performing Fourier transforms on the random walks one obtains additional evidence for non-randomness of the distributions. We have also analyzed results from a synthetic model containing only two amino-acid types, hydrophobic and hydrophilic. With reasonable criteria on good folding properties in terms of thermodynamical and kinetic behavior, sequences that fold well are isolated. Performing the same statistical analysis on the sequences that fold well indicates similar deviations from randomness as for the functional proteins. The deviations from randomness can be interpreted as originating from anticorrelations in terms of an Ising spin model for the hydrophobicities. Our results, which differ from previous investigations using other methods, might have impact on how permissive with respect to sequence specificity the protein folding process is -- only sequences with non-random hydrophobicity distributions fold well. Other distributions give rise to energy landscapes with poor folding properties and hence did not survive the evolution.

  9. 18.366 Random Walks and Diffusion, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    Discrete and continuum modeling of diffusion processes in physics, chemistry, and economics. Topics include central limit theorems, continuous-time random walks, Levy flights, correlations, extreme events, mixing, ...

  10. SEISMIC EVALUATION OF HYDROCARBON SATURATION IN DEEP-WATER RESERVOIRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; O. Djordjevic

    2003-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342) began September 1, 2002. During this second quarter: A Direct Hydrocarbon Indicator (DHI) symposium was held at UH; Current DHI methods were presented and forecasts made on future techniques; Dr. Han moved his laboratory from HARC to the University of Houston; Subcontracts were re-initiated with UH and TAMU; Theoretical and numerical modeling work began at TAMU; Geophysical Development Corp. agreed to provide petrophysical data; Negotiations were begun with Veritas GDC to obtain limited seismic data; Software licensing and training schedules were arranged with Paradigm; and Data selection and acquisition continues. The broad industry symposium on Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators was held at the University of Houston as part of this project. This meeting was well attended and well received. A large amount of information was presented, not only on application of the current state of the art, but also on expected future trends. Although acquisition of appropriate seismic data was expected to be a significant problem, progress has been made. A 3-D seismic data set from the shelf has been installed at Texas A&M University and analysis begun. Veritas GDC has expressed a willingness to provide data in the deep Gulf of Mexico. Data may also be available from TGS.

  11. Deep water drilling risers in calm and harsh environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olufsen, A.; Nordsve, N.T. [Statoil, Trondheim (Norway). Research Centre

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of the work presented in this paper is to increase the knowledge regarding application of deep water drilling risers in different environmental conditions. Identification of key parameters and their impact on design and operation of deep water drilling risers are emphasized. Riser systems for two different cases are evaluated. These are: drilling offshore Nigeria in 1,200 m water depth; drilling at the Voering Plateau offshore Northern Norway in 1,500 m water depth. The case studies are mainly referring to requirements related to normal drilling operation of the riser. They are not complete with respect to describe of total riser system design. The objectives of the case studies have been to quantify the important of various parameters and to establish limiting criteria for drilling. Dynamic riser analyses are also performed. For the Nigeria case, results for a design wave with 100 years return period show that the influence of dynamic response is only marginal (but it may of course be significant for fatigue damage/life time estimation). The regularity of the drilling operation is given as the probability that jointly occurring wave heights and current velocities are within the limiting curve.

  12. A deep cluster survey in Chandra archival data. First results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Boschin

    2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    I present the first results of a search for clusters of galaxies in Chandra ACIS pointed observations at high galactic latitude with exposure times larger than 10 ks. The survey is being carried out using the Voronoi Tessellation and Percolation technique, which is particularly suited for the detection and accurate quantification of extended and/or low surface brightness emission in X-ray imaging observations. A new catalogue of 36 cluster candidates has been created from 5.55 square degrees of surveyed area. Five of these candidates have already been associated to visible enhancements of the projected galaxy distribution in low deepness DSS-II fields and are probably low-to moderate redshift systems. Three of the candidates have been identified in previous ROSAT-based surveys. I show that a significative fraction (30-40%) of the candidate clusters are probably intermediate to high redshift systems. In this paper I publish the catalogue of these first candidate clusters. I also derive the number counts of clusters and compare it with the results of deep ROSAT-based cluster surveys.

  13. Design study of the deep-sea reactor X

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iida, Hiromasa (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Ibaraki (Japan)); Ishizaka, Yuichi (Mitsubishi Atomic Power Industries, Inc., Tokyo (Japan)); Kim, Y.C.; Yamaguchi, Chouichi (Japan Research Inst., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep-sea reactor X (DRX) is a small nuclear plant designed to provide undersea power sources. It has the full advantages of nuclear reactors and can provide large power capacity and does not require oxygen for power production. An application conceivable in the near future is that for a submersible. The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is conducting a design study of a 150-kW(electric) DRX plant for a deep-sea research vessel. It has a so-called integrated pressurized water reactor,'' having a steam generator inside the reactor vessel. A pressure shell includes a turbine and a generator as well as a reactor vessel, resulting in a very compact electricity producing plant. It should be easy to operate and have high passive safety characteristics; namely, a short startup time, good reactor response to power demand changes, and passive core flooding and decay heat removal in case of an accident. Transient analyses including those for load follow-up, reactor startup, and accidents have been conducted. The results show that the DRX has excellent inherent characteristics satisfying those requirements.

  14. Dr. Chuck Ross gives final lecture of JLab Spring Science Series...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of defeat An authority on "acoustic shadows" discusses the impact of sound on the Civil War. By David Macaulay, Daily Press March 28, 2008 NEWPORT NEWS - It won't be music to the...

  15. Charles "Chuck" Farrar to receive DeMichele Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization of Selective Binding

  16. Dr. Charles (Chuck) Peden | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurTheBrookhaven National LaboratoryJeffrey L Krause ChemicalDr. PhilipRobertCharles

  17. Dr. Chuck Ross gives final lecture of JLab Spring Science Series (Daily

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers69Christopher Fecko ChemicalJohnBenjaminPress) |

  18. Patterns of Nitrogen Utilization in Deep-Sea Syntrophic Consortia (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wiegel, Detlef

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Victoria Orphan from Caltech discusses "Patterns of nitrogen utilization in deep-sea syntrophic consortia" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  19. Deep drilling data, Raft River geothermal area, Idaho-Raft River...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Deep drilling data, Raft River geothermal area, Idaho-Raft River geothermal exploration well...

  20. Technique Reveals Critical Physics in Deep Regions of Solar Cells (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's improved time-resolved photoluminescence method measures minority-carrier lifetime deep within photovoltaic samples to help develop more efficient solar cells.

  1. EECLP Webinar #3: Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive Part 1-- Text Version

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text version of the EECLP Webinar 3: Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive Part 1, presented in December 2014.

  2. EECLP Webinar #4: Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive Part 2-- Text Version

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text version of the EECLP Webinar 4: Residential Energy Efficiency Deep Dive Part Two, presented in December 2014.

  3. Discovery of Active Galactic Nuclei in Mid- and Far-Infrared Deep Surveys with ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Taniguchi

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a summary on the discovery of active galactic nuclei in mid- and far-infrared deep surveys with use of the Infrared Space Observatory.

  4. Continuum Cascade Model: Branching Random Walk for Traveling Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Itoh

    2015-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The food web is a directed graph in which nodes label species and directed links represent the predation between species. Cascade models generate random food webs. The recursion to obtain the probability distribution of the longest chain length has the solution with traveling wave. We consider a branching random walk to study the asymptotic probability on the wave front.

  5. Energy Scaling Laws for Distributed Inference in Random Fusion Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yukich, Joseph E.

    the minimum spanning tree, and above by a suboptimal policy, referred to as Data Fusion for Markov Random, the policy with the minimum average energy consumption is bounded below by the average energy of fusion along models, Eu- clidean random graphs, stochastic geometry and data fusion. I. INTRODUCTION WE consider

  6. Byzantine Modification Detection in Multicast Networks with Random Network Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mdard, Muriel

    network coding. Each exogenous source packet is augmented with a flexible number of hash symbols of the random network code, and can have the same (or greater) transmission capacity compared to the sourceByzantine Modification Detection in Multicast Networks with Random Network Coding Tracey Ho, Ben

  7. INVENTORY SYSTEMS WITH ADVANCE DEMAND INFORMATION AND RANDOM REPLENISHMENT TIMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaesmen, Fikri

    INVENTORY SYSTEMS WITH ADVANCE DEMAND INFORMATION AND RANDOM REPLENISHMENT TIMES Fikri Karaesmen@ku.edu.tr Abstract: Advance demand information, when used effectively, improves the performance of produc- tion/inventory of random supply lead times on a single-stage inventory system with advance demand information. It is found

  8. Probability Distribution of Curvatures of Isosurfaces in Gaussian Random Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulo R. S. Mendonca; Rahul Bhotika; James V. Miller

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An expression for the joint probability distribution of the principal curvatures at an arbitrary point in the ensemble of isosurfaces defined on isotropic Gaussian random fields on Rn is derived. The result is obtained by deriving symmetry properties of the ensemble of second derivative matrices of isotropic Gaussian random fields akin to those of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble.

  9. Random Selection with an Adversarial Majority # Ronen Gradwohl +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadhan, Salil

    We consider the problem of random selection, where p players follow a protocol to jointly select; 1 Introduction Suppose p players wish to jointly make a random choice from a universe of size n block for distributed algorithms and cryptographic protocols, because it allows one to first design

  10. Wavelet Estimation For Samples With Random Uniform Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrence D.

    Wavelet Estimation For Samples With Random Uniform Design T. Tony Cai Department of Statistics that for nonparametric regression if the samples have random uniform design, the wavelet method with universal. Simulation result is also discussed. Keywords: wavelets, nonparametric regression, minimax, adaptivity

  11. Random subgroups of Thompson's group F Sean Cleary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rechnitzer, Andrew

    Random subgroups of Thompson's group F Sean Cleary Department of Mathematics, The City College Classification: 05A05, 20F65. Keywords: Richard Thompson's group F, asymptotic density, subgroup spectrum-finite generating function, non-algebraic generating function Abstract We consider random subgroups of Thompson

  12. ASYMPTOTIC SHAPE FOR THE CONTACT PROCESS IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    ASYMPTOTIC SHAPE FOR THE CONTACT PROCESS IN RANDOM ENVIRONMENT OLIVIER GARET AND REGINE MARCHAND in stationary random environment. These theorems gen- eralize known results for the classical contact process environment, when the contact process survives, the set Ht/t almost surely converges to a compact set

  13. On a Class of Renewal Processes in a Random Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    On a Class of Renewal Processes in a Random Environment David Svensson April 12, 1998 #12; 1 #12 continuous lifelength distribution. A random environment is modelled by a positive recurrent birth and death, governed by the environment process and based on an underlying set of deterministic failure rate functions

  14. Scaling limits for gradient systems in random environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Goncalves; M. D. Jara

    2007-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    For interacting particle systems that satisfies the gradient condition, the hydrodynamic limit and the equilibrium fluctuations are well known. We prove that under the presence of a symmetric random environment, these scaling limits also hold for almost every choice of the environment, with homogenized coefficients that does not depend on the particular realization of the random environment.

  15. RANDOM SETS IN FINANCE AND ECONOMETRICS Ilya Molchanov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molchanov, Ilya

    1 RANDOM SETS IN FINANCE AND ECONOMETRICS Ilya Molchanov Department of Mathematical Statistics several examples where random sets appear in math- ematical finance and econometrics: trading with transaction costs, risk measures, option prices, and partially identified econometric models. 1.1 Introduction

  16. Random Access Compressed Sensing over Fading and Noisy Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojanovic, Milica

    of the climate change. Such applications require the least control and intervention as well as minimum energy1 Random Access Compressed Sensing over Fading and Noisy Communication Channels Fatemeh Fazel on integrating random sensing with the communication architecture, and achieves overall efficiency in terms

  17. Applications of Large Random Matrices in Communications Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Ralf R.

    , sooner or later, a hope­ less task at first sight. In a combustion engine, many molecules of fuel and air1 Applications of Large Random Matrices in Communications Engineering Ralf R. M?uller Abstract engineering. Asymptotic eigenvalue distributions of many classes of random matrices are given. The treatment

  18. Applications of Large Random Matrices in Communications Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Ralf R.

    , sooner or later, a hope- less task at first sight. In a combustion engine, many molecules of fuel and air1 Applications of Large Random Matrices in Communications Engineering Ralf R. M¨uller Abstract engineering. Asymptotic eigenvalue distributions of many classes of random matrices are given. The treatment

  19. Energy conversion of fully random thermal relaxation times Franois Barriquand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Energy conversion of fully random thermal relaxation times François Barriquand proba5050@hotmail.com ABSTRACT. Thermodynamic random processes in thermal systems are generally associated with one or several relaxation times, the inverse of which are formally homogeneous with energy. Here, we show in a precise way

  20. Clauser-Horne Bell test with imperfect random inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao Yuan; Qi Zhao; Xiongfeng Ma

    2015-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell test is one of the most important tools in quantum information science. On the one hand, it enables fundamental test for the physics laws of nature, and on the other hand, it can be also applied in varieties of device independent tasks such as quantum key distribution and random number generation. In practice, loopholes existing in experimental demonstrations of Bell tests may affect the validity of the conclusions. In this work, we focus on the randomness (freewill) loophole and investigate the randomness requirement in a well-known Bell test, the Clauser-Horne test, under various conditions. With partially random inputs, we explicitly bound the Bell value for all local hidden variable models by optimizing the classical strategy. Our result thus puts input randomness requirement on the Clauser-Horne test under varieties of practical scenarios. The employed analysis technique can be generalized to other Bell's inequalities.

  1. Raney distributions and random matrix theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter J. Forrester; Dang-Zheng Liu

    2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent works have shown that the family of probability distributions with moments given by the Fuss-Catalan numbers permit a simple parameterized form for their density. We extend this result to the Raney distribution which by definition has its moments given by a generalization of the Fuss-Catalan numbers. Such computations begin with an algebraic equation satisfied by the Stieltjes transform, which we show can be derived from the linear differential equation satisfied by the characteristic polynomial of random matrix realizations of the Raney distribution. For the Fuss-Catalan distribution, an equilibrium problem characterizing the density is identified. The Stieltjes transform for the limiting spectral density of the singular values squared of the matrix product formed from $q$ inverse standard Gaussian matrices, and $s$ standard Gaussian matrices, is shown to satisfy a variant of the algebraic equation relating to the Raney distribution. Supported on $(0,\\infty)$, we show that it too permits a simple functional form upon the introduction of an appropriate choice of parameterisation. As an application, the leading asymptotic form of the density as the endpoints of the support are approached is computed, and is shown to have some universal features.

  2. Equilibrium ultrastable glasses produced by random pinning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glen M Hocky; Ludovic Berthier; David R. Reichman

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultrastable glasses have risen to prominence due to their potentially useful material properties and the tantalizing possibility of a general method of preparation via vapor deposition. Despite the importance of this novel class of amorphous materials, numerical studies have been scarce because achieving ultrastability in atomistic simulations is an enormous challenge. Here we bypass this difficulty and establish that randomly pinning the position of a small fraction of particles inside an equilibrated supercooled liquid generates ultrastable configurations at essentially no numerical cost, while avoiding undesired structural changes due to the preparation protocol. Building on the analogy with vapor-deposited ultrastable glasses, we study the melting kinetics of these configurations following a sudden temperature jump into the liquid phase. In homogeneous geometries, we find that enhanced kinetic stability is accompanied by large scale dynamic heterogeneity, while a competition between homogeneous and heterogeneous melting is observed when a liquid boundary invades the glass at constant velocity. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of large-scale, atomistically resolved, and experimentally relevant simulations of the kinetics of ultrastable glasses.

  3. Nonlinear Lattice Waves in Random Potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergej Flach

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Localization of waves by disorder is a fundamental physical problem encompassing a diverse spectrum of theoretical, experimental and numerical studies in the context of metal-insulator transition, quantum Hall effect, light propagation in photonic crystals, and dynamics of ultra-cold atoms in optical arrays. Large intensity light can induce nonlinear response, ultracold atomic gases can be tuned into an interacting regime, which leads again to nonlinear wave equations on a mean field level. The interplay between disorder and nonlinearity, their localizing and delocalizing effects is currently an intriguing and challenging issue in the field. We will discuss recent advances in the dynamics of nonlinear lattice waves in random potentials. In the absence of nonlinear terms in the wave equations, Anderson localization is leading to a halt of wave packet spreading. Nonlinearity couples localized eigenstates and, potentially, enables spreading and destruction of Anderson localization due to nonintegrability, chaos and decoherence. The spreading process is characterized by universal subdiffusive laws due to nonlinear diffusion. We review extensive computational studies for one- and two-dimensional systems with tunable nonlinearity power. We also briefly discuss extensions to other cases where the linear wave equation features localization: Aubry-Andre localization with quasiperiodic potentials, Wannier-Stark localization with dc fields, and dynamical localization in momentum space with kicked rotors.

  4. Quantum spin chains and random matrix theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huw J Wells

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectral statistics and entanglement within the eigenstates of generic spin chain Hamiltonians are analysed. A class of random matrix ensembles is defined which include the most general nearest-neighbour qubit chain Hamiltonians. For these ensembles, and their generalisations, it is seen that the long chain limiting spectral density is a Gaussian and that this convergence holds on the level of individual Hamiltonians. The rate of this convergence is numerically seen to be slow. Higher eigenvalue correlation statistics are also considered, the canonical nearest-neighbour level spacing statistics being numerically observed and linked with ensemble symmetries. A heuristic argument is given for a conjectured form of the full joint probability density function for the eigenvalues of a wide class of such ensembles. This is numerically verified in a particular case. For many translationally-invariant nearest-neighbour qubit Hamiltonians it is shown that there exists a complete orthonormal set of eigenstates for which the entanglement present in a generic member, between a fixed length block of qubits and the rest of the chain, approaches its maximal value as the chain length increases. Many such Hamiltonians are seen to exhibit a simple spectrum so that their eigenstates are unique up to phase. The entanglement within the eigenstates contrasts the spectral density for such Hamiltonians, which is that seen for a non-interacting chain of qubits. For such non-interacting chains, their always exists a basis of eigenstates for which there is no entanglement present.

  5. Driven synchronization in random networks of oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Hindes; Christopher R. Myers

    2015-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchronization is a universal phenomenon found in many non-equilibrium systems. Much recent interest in this area has overlapped with the study of complex networks, where a major focus is determining how a system's connectivity patterns affect the types of behavior that it can produce. Thus far, modeling efforts have focused on the tendency of networks of oscillators to mutually synchronize themselves, with less emphasis on the effects of external driving. In this work we discuss the interplay between mutual and driven synchronization in networks of phase oscillators of the Kuramoto type, and resolve how the structure and emergence of such states depends on the underlying network topology for simple random networks with a given degree distribution. We provide a partial bifurcation analysis, centering on the appearance of a Takens-Bogdanov-Cusp singularity, which broadly separates homogeneous and heterogeneous network behavior in a weak coupling limit, and from which the number, stability and appearance of driven and mutually synchronized states can be determined, as a function of a few parameters. We find transitions such as Saddle-Node-Infinite-Periods, Limit-Point-of-Cycles, and Hopf bifurcations (both branches), as well as multiple bistability regions and dynamics that differ for the network types. This description is connected to the underlying dynamics of oscillator clusters for important states and transitions. Our results can provide a basis for studying the problem of frequency controlling disordered oscillator networks.

  6. Springback in Deep Drawn High Purity Niobium for Superconductor Cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapati Rao Myneni; Peter Kneisel

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities made from deep drawn high-purity niobium have become a popular approach for the design of particle accelerators. A number of current accelerators use this technology and it is a leading candidate for future designs. The development of this technology has required significant advances in many scientific fields including metallurgy, high vacuum physics, surface science, and forming. Recently proposed modifications to the current process for fabrication of these cavities has resulted in increased concern about the distribution of deformation, residual stress patterns, and springback. This presentation will report on the findings of a recently initiated program to study plastic flow and springback in the fabrication of these cavities and the influence of metallurgical variables including grain size and impurity content.

  7. Prospects for the Detection of the Deep Solar Meridional Circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. C. Braun; A. C. Birch

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform helioseismic holography to assess the noise in p-mode travel-time shifts which would form the basis of inferences of large-scale flows throughout the solar convection zone. We also derive the expected travel times from a parameterized return (equatorward) flow component of the meridional circulation at the base of the convection zone from forward models under the assumption of the ray and Born approximations. From estimates of the signal-to-noise ratio for measurements focused near the base of the convection zone, we conclude that the helioseismic detection of the deep meridional flow including the return component may not be possible using data spanning an interval less than a solar cycle.

  8. Selective, deep Si trench etching with dimensional control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shul, R.J.; Willison, C.G.; Zhang, L.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent development of a high-aspect ratio Si etch (HARSE) process has enabled the fabrication of a variety of Si structures where deep trench etching is necessary. The HARSE process relies on the formation of a sidewall etch inhibitor to prevent lateral etching of the Si structures during exposure to an aggressive SF{sub 6}/Ar plasma etch chemistry. The process yields highly anisotropic profiles with excellent dimensional control for high aspect ratio features. In this study, Si etch rates and etch selectivities to photoresist are reported as a function of chamber pressure, cathode rf-power, ICP source power, and gas flow. Si etch rates > 3 {micro}m/min with etch selectivities to resist > 75:1 were obtained. Lateral dimensional control, etch selectivities to SiO{sub 2} and Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and aspect ratio dependent etching (ARDE) will also be discussed.

  9. Optical spectroscopy of laser plasma in a deep crater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kononenko, Taras V; Konov, Vitalii I [Natural Science Center, A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Walter, D; Dausinger, F [Institut fur Strahlwerkzeuge (IFSW), Universitat Stuttgart, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The time dynamics of plasma-emission spectra is studied experimentally at different stages of the drilling of a steel plate by 100-fs and 5-ps laser pulses: from a shallow crater to a hole. The change in the time dependence of the plasma temperature caused by variations in the irradiated surface geometry is analysed. It is found that the time interval needed to reach a particular temperature (about 8000 K) drastically increases from 40-50 to 150-200 ns when a specific crater depth is achieved. The opposite tendency is observed as the crater depth grows further and a hole is produced. Strong self-absorption in a plasma plume inside a deep crater is experimentally confirmed which results in the appearance of line absorption against a continuous emission spectrum. (interaction of laser radiation with matter. laser plasma)

  10. Investigation of the feasibility of deep microborehole drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreesen, D.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Cohen, J.H. [Maurer Engineering, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in sensor technology, microelectronics, and telemetry technology make it feasible to produce miniature wellbore logging tools and instrumentation. Microboreholes are proposed for subterranean telemetry installations, exploration, reservoir definition, and reservoir monitoring this assumes that very small diameter bores can be produced for significantly lower cost using very small rigs. A microborehole production concept based on small diameter hydraulic or pneumatic powered mechanical drilling, assemblies deployed on coiled tubing is introduced. The concept is evaluated using, basic mechanics and hydraulics, published theories on rock drilling, and commercial simulations. Small commercial drill bits and hydraulic motors were selected for laboratory scale demonstrations. The feasibility of drilling deep, directional, one to two-inch diameter microboreholes has not been challenged by the results to date. Shallow field testing of prototype systems is needed to continue the feasibility investigation.

  11. An integrable evolution equation for surface waves in deep water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Kraenkel; H. Leblond; M. A. Manna

    2011-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to describe the dynamics of monochromatic surface waves in deep water, we derive a nonlinear and dispersive system of equations for the free surface elevation and the free surface velocity from the Euler equations in infinite depth. From it, and using a multiscale perturbative methods, an asymptotic model for small-aspect-ratio waves is derived. The model is shown to be completely integrable. The Lax pair, the first conserved quantities as well as the symmetries are exhibited. Theoretical and numerical studies reveal that it supports periodic progressive Stokes waves which peak and break in finite time. Comparison between the limiting wave solution of the asymptotic model and classical irrotational results is performed.

  12. Dynamical modeling of the Deep Impact dust ejecta cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanyu Bonev; Nancy Ageorges; Stefano Bagnulo; Luis Barrera; Hermann B{}hnhardt; Olivier Hainaut; Emmanuel Jehin; Hans-Ullrich K{}ufl; Florian Kerber; Gaspare LoCurto; Jean Manfroid; Olivier Marco; Eric Pantin; Emanuela Pompei; Ivo Saviane; Fernando Selman; Chris Sterken; Heike Rauer; Gian Paolo Tozzi; Michael Weiler

    2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 generated a bright cloud of dust which dissipated during several days after the impact. The brightness variations of this cloud and the changes of its position and shape are governed by the physical properties of the dust grains. We use a Monte Carlo model to describe the evolution of the post-impact dust plume. The results of our dynamical simulations are compared to the data obtained with FORS2, the FOcal Reducer and low dispersion Spectrograph for the VLT of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), to derive the particle size distribution and the total amount of material contained in the dust ejecta cloud.

  13. Periodic fluctuations in deep water formation due to sea ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Raj

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last ice age several quasi-periodic abrupt warming events took place. Known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events their effects were felt globally, although the North Atlantic experienced the largest temperature anomalies. Paleoclimate data shows that the fluctuations often occurred right after massive glacial meltwater releases in the North Atlantic and in bursts of three or four with progressively decreasing strengths. In this study a simple dynamical model of an overturning circulation and sea ice is developed with the goal of understanding the fundamental mechanisms that could have caused the DO events. Interaction between sea ice and the overturning circulation in the model produces self-sustained oscillations. Analysis and numerical experiments reveal that the insulating effect of sea ice causes the ocean to periodically vent out accumulated heat in the deep ocean into the atmosphere. Subjecting the model to idealized freshwater forcing mimicking Heinrich events causes modulation of the natural p...

  14. Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation in Residential Deep Energy Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Less, Brennan; Walker, Iain

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because airtightening is a significant part of Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs), concerns about ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) have emerged. To investigate this, ventilation and IAQ were assessed in 17 non-smoking California Deep Energy Retrofit homes. Inspections and surveys were used to assess household activities and ventilation systems. Pollutant sampling performed in 12 homes included six-day passive samples of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), formaldehyde and air exchange rate (AER); time-resolved data loggers were used to measure particle counts. Half of the homes provided continuous mechanical ventilation. Despite these homes being twice as airtight (3.0 and 7.6 ACH50, respectively), their median AER was indistinguishable from naturally vented homes (0.36 versus 0.37 hr--1). Numerous problems were found with ventilation systems; however, pollutant levels did not reach levels of concern in most homes. Ambient NO2 standards were exceeded in some gas cooking homes that used legacy ranges with standing pilots, and in Passive House-style homes without range hoods exhausted to outside. Cooking exhaust systems were installed and used inconsistently. The majority of homes reported using low-emitting materials, and formaldehyde levels were approximately half those in conventional new CA homes (19.7 versus 36 ?g/m3), with emissions rates nearly 40percent less (12.3 versus 20.6 ?g/m2/hr.). Presence of air filtration systems led to lower indoor particle number concentrations (PN>0.5: 8.80E+06 PN/m3 versus 2.99E+06; PN>2.5: 5.46E+0.5 PN/m3 versus 2.59E+05). The results indicate that DERs can provide adequate ventilation and IAQ, and that DERs should prioritize source control, particle filtration and well-designed local exhaust systems, while still providing adequate continuous ventilation.

  15. HANOHANO: A DEEP OCEAN ANTINEUTRINO DETECTOR FOR UNIQUE NEUTRINO PHYSICS AND GEOPHYSICS STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Learned, John

    HANOHANO: A DEEP OCEAN ANTI­NEUTRINO DETECTOR FOR UNIQUE NEUTRINO PHYSICS AND GEOPHYSICS STUDIES JOHN G. LEARNED, STEPHEN T. DYE AND SANDIP PAKVASA Department of Physics and Astronomy, University potential of a 10 kiloton deep­ocean liquid scintillation detector for 1 MeV energy scale electron anti­neutrinos

  16. Response to West Cumbria MRWS consultation: Why a deep nuclear waste repository should not be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Response to West Cumbria MRWS consultation: Why a deep nuclear waste repository should not be sited geological nuclear waste repository. There a suspicion of predetermination because the only district that has. National and international guidance on how best to select potential sites for deep geological nuclear waste

  17. Mysteries of the Deep: What happens inside of MPI on Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Mysteries of the Deep: What happens inside of MPI on Blue Gene/Q and why it matters Jeff Hammond on BGQ #12;But not too deep Jeff Hammond PAMI and MPI on BGQ #12;Blue Gene/P Communication architecture Jeff Hammond PAMI and MPI on BGQ #12;Blue Gene/Q Communication architecture Jeff Hammond PAMI and MPI

  18. Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Brain-shift aware risk map for Deep Brain Stimulation Planning Bilger Alexandre 1 , Essert Caroline / Universit de Strasbourg, FRANCE Abstract. In Deep Brain Stimulation surgery, the eciency of the pro- cedure of the placement is dicult due to brain shifts occurring during and after the procedure. We propose an approach

  19. AN UNRECOGNIZED ANCIENT LINEAGE OF GREEN PLANTS PERSISTS IN DEEP MARINE WATERS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN UNRECOGNIZED ANCIENT LINEAGE OF GREEN PLANTS PERSISTS IN DEEP MARINE WATERS1 Frederick W, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA Heather Spalding Botany Department persist in deep waters, where grazing pressure and competition for space are reduced. Their distinctness

  20. High Mercury Concentrations Reflect Trophic Ecology of Three Deep-Water Chondrichthyans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    High Mercury Concentrations Reflect Trophic Ecology of Three Deep-Water Chondrichthyans Michael C concentrations were explored for three deep-water chondrichthyans (Etmopterus princeps, Cen- troscymnus position in the trophic web (as indicated by differences in d15 N). Mercury is a major contaminant

  1. Development of Property-Transfer Models for Estimating the Hydraulic Properties of Deep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of Property-Transfer Models for Estimating the Hydraulic Properties of Deep Sediments. #12;Development of Property-Transfer Models for Estimating the Hydraulic Properties of Deep Sediments-USGS World Wide Web: http://www.usgs.gov/ Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publication

  2. Climate change, body size evolution, and Cope's Rule in deep-sea ostracodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Kaustuv

    Climate change, body size evolution, and Cope's Rule in deep-sea ostracodes Gene Hunt* and KaustuvBergmann hypothesis using the fossil record of body size evolution in the deep-sea ostracode genus Poseidonamicus information on the PNAS web site). This temperature depen- dence, when combined with the rich fossil record

  3. PROJECT SUMMARY ITR: COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH-(ASE)-(DMC-INT): NEW METHODS FOR EXPLORATION OF DEEP-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitcomb, Louis L.

    PROJECT SUMMARY ITR: COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH-(ASE)-(DMC-INT): NEW METHODS FOR EXPLORATION OF DEEP technology research problems which will advance the science and engineering of deep-ocean exploration-engineering as required based on field trial results. Expedition web site. Publications. Year 3: Expedition deploying

  4. Earth Planets Space, 58, 15, 2006 Deep Impact and Sample Return

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A'Hearn, Michael F.

    Earth Planets Space, 58, 1­5, 2006 Deep Impact and Sample Return Michael F. A'Hearn , Michael J, Ice, Nucleus. 1. Introduction Deep Impact delivered 19 Gjoules of kinetic energy to the nucleus scale increases left the strengths at smaller scales unconstrained. Estimates by modelers of the depth

  5. GFDI COLLOQUIUM "Use of Mineral vs. Polymer Drilling Fluids in Deep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    GFDI COLLOQUIUM Title "Use of Mineral vs. Polymer Drilling Fluids in Deep Foundation Construction. Refreshments will be served at 1:30M ABSTRACT: In deep foundation design, drilled shafts (also referred to as bored piles or drilled caissons) are preferred because of their large load capacities and greater

  6. Remediation of CO2 Leakage from Deep Saline Aquifer Storage Based on Reservoir and Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Remediation of CO2 Leakage from Deep Saline Aquifer Storage Based on Reservoir and Pollution Hazards and Safety of CO2 Storage" Division, Orlans, FRANCE www.brgm.fr References Audigane, P., Chiaberge, C., Lions, J., Humez, P., 2009. Modeling of CO2 leakage through an abandoned well from a deep

  7. Real-Time Deep-Ocean Tsunami Measuring, Monitoring, and Reporting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    identified the requirements of the tsunami measurement system through evolution in both technologyReal-Time Deep-Ocean Tsunami Measuring, Monitoring, and Reporting System: The NOAA DART II the system components that make up the second-generation Deep-Ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis

  8. Response of deep-sea CaCO3 sedimentation to Atlantic meridional overturning circulation shutdown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chikamoto, Megumi O.

    Response of deep-sea CaCO3 sedimentation to Atlantic meridional overturning circulation shutdown of the preservation and burial of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in deep ocean sediments and associated atmospheric pCO2 significantly decreases the CaCO3 content in North Atlantic sediments. This is a consequence of a decrease

  9. Deep Pacific CaCO3 compensation and glacialinterglacial atmospheric CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean

    Deep Pacific CaCO3 compensation and glacialinterglacial atmospheric CO2 Thomas M. Marchittoa into the deep ocean during the last glacial period. According to the dCaCO3 compensationT hypothesis dissolution of CaCO3. The resulting increase in whole-ocean pH may have had a significant impact

  10. Evaluating variable switching and flash methods in modeling carbon sequestration in deep geologic formations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Richard

    Evaluating variable switching and flash methods in modeling carbon sequestration in deep geologic performance computing to assess the risks involved in carbon sequestration in deep geologic formations-thermal- chemical processes in variably saturated, non-isothermal porous media is applied to sequestration

  11. Growth and dissipation of wind-forced, deep water waves Journal: Journal of Fluid Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Growth and dissipation of wind-forced, deep water waves Journal: Journal of Fluid Mechanics AND DISSIPATION OF WIND-FORCED, DEEP WATER WAVES Laurent Grare1, , William L. Peirson2 , Hubert Branger1 , James W to the interface with corresponding form drag measurements above wind-forced freely-propagating waves. The drag

  12. A Deep Inference System for the Modal Logic S5 Phiniki Stouppa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jger, Gerhard

    A Deep Inference System for the Modal Logic S5 Phiniki Stouppa March 1, 2006 Abstract We present a cut-admissible system for the modal logic S5 in a for- malism that makes explicit and intensive use are in exact correspondence to the modal axioms. Keywords modal logic S5, proof theory, deep inference

  13. STRATEGIES FOR IMMOBILIZATION OF DEEP VADOSE ZONE CONTAMINANTS AT THE HANFORD CENTRAL PLATEAU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CHRONISTER GB

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep vadose zone contamination poses some of the most difficult remediation challenges for the protection of groundwater at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. This paper describes processes and technologies being developed to use in the ongoing effort to remediate the contamination in the deep vadose zone at the Hanford Site.

  14. Using tracer experiments to determine deep saline aquifers caprocks transport characteristics for carbon dioxide storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for carbon dioxide storage P. Bachaud1,2 , Ph. Berne1 , P. Boulin1,3,4 , F. Renard5,6 , M. Sardin2 , J caprocks from a deep saline aquifer in the Paris basin. Introduction Storage of carbon dioxide in deep bubble. Determination of the diffusion properties is also required since they will govern how dissolved

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Potential volume for CO2 deep ocean sequestration: an assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    -year storage and 61 m for one decade. Keywords Carbon dioxide Ocean sequestration RegressionORIGINAL PAPER Potential volume for CO2 deep ocean sequestration: an assessment of the area located in an average amount of 6.957 Gt within this duration. If deep sea sequestration for CO2 can be the possible

  16. Influence of dimensionality on deep tunneling rates: A study based on the hydrogen-nickel system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiri, Yehuda

    Influence of dimensionality on deep tunneling rates: A study based on the hydrogen-nickel system hydrogen into a surface site of a nickel crystal is used to investigate deep tunneling phenomena. A method of a hydrogen atom in a nickel fcc crystal is studied. The atom is located in a subsurface interstitial site

  17. Lithium isotopic composition and concentration of the deep continental crust Fang-Zhen Teng a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    Lithium isotopic composition and concentration of the deep continental crust Fang-Zhen Teng a April 2008 Accepted 5 June 2008 Editor: B. Bourdon Keywords: Lithium Isotope fractionation Deep. Lithium concentrations of granulite xenoliths also vary widely (0.5 to 21 ppm) and are, on average, lower

  18. How moderate sea states can generate loud seismic noise in the deep ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stutzmann, Elonore

    the signals recorded at coastal seismic stations. Our interpretation is based on the analysis of noiseHow moderate sea states can generate loud seismic noise in the deep ocean M. J. Obrebski,1 F from two distant storms can be a strong deep-water source of seismic noise, dominating temporarily

  19. Deep-tow study of magnetic anomalies in the Pacific Jurassic Quiet Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tominaga, Masako

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Jurassic Quiet Zone (JQZ) is a region of low amplitude, difficult-to-correlate magnetic anomalies located over Jurassic oceanic crust. We collected 1200 km of new deep-tow magnetic anomaly profiles over the Pacific JQZ that complement 2 deep...

  20. A new junction termination technique: the Deep Trench Termination (DT2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A new junction termination technique: the Deep Trench Termination (DT2 ) L. Tholier1,2 , H. Mahfoz. In this work, a new concept of low cost, low surface and high efficiency junction termination for power devices is presented and experimentally validated. This termination is based on a large and deep trench filled by BCB

  1. Non-Gaussian positive-definite matrix-valued random fields with constrained eigenvalues: application to random elasticity tensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    fields turn out to be especially suitable for experimental identification under material symmetryNon-Gaussian positive-definite matrix-valued random fields with constrained eigenvalues: application to random elasticity tensors with uncertain material symmetries J. Guilleminot, C. Soize Universit

  2. Geochemical evidence for anoxic deep water in the Arabian Sea during the last glaciation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarkar, A.; Bhattacharya, S.K.; Sarin, M.M. (Physical Research Lab., Ahmedabad (India))

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various paleoceanographic studies have indicated that the deep ocean was probably depleted in dissolved oxygen during the last glacial period ([approximately]18 kyr B.P.; [delta][sup 18]O, stage 2) compared to present time. However, direct evidence of low oxygen content in the deep waters has been lacking. Here, the authors report geochemical evidence of near anoxic conditions in the deep Arabian Sea during the entire last glacial cycle ([delta][sup 18]O; stages 2, 3, and 4). Anoxia is inferred from the concomitant enrichment of organic carbon and authigenic uranium in the glacial sections of a core from the deep eastern Arabian Sea. The anoxic conditions during the last glacial period, probably caused by a change in deep water circulation, evidently enhanced preservation of organic matter and simultaneous removal of uranium from seawater. 57 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Top eigenvalue of a random matrix: A tale of Satya N. Majumdar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

    Top eigenvalue of a random matrix: A tale of tails Satya N. Majumdar Laboratoire de Physique Th, 2012 S.N. Majumdar Top eigenvalue of a random matrix: A tale of tails #12;First Appearence of Random Matrices S.N. Majumdar Top eigenvalue of a random matrix: A tale of tails #12;First Appearence of Random

  4. Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis with Percutaneous Rheolytic Thrombectomy Versus Thrombolysis Alone in Upper and Lower Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyun S., E-mail: sikhkim@jhmi.edu; Patra, Ajanta; Paxton, Ben E.; Khan, Jawad [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science (United States); Streiff, Michael B. [Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine (United States)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose. To compare the efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) alone versus CDT with rheolytic percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) for upper and lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods. A retrospective cohort of consecutive patients with acute iliofemoral or brachiosubclavian DVT treated with urokinase CDT was identified, and a chart review was conducted. Demographic characteristics, treatment duration, total lytic dose, clot lysis rates and complications were compared in patients treated with urokinase CDT alone or combined CDT and rheolytic PMT. Results. Forty limbs in 36 patients were treated with urokinase CDT alone. Twenty-seven limbs in 21 patients were treated with urokinase CDT and rheolytic PMT. The mean treatment duration for urokinase CDT alone was 48.0 {+-} 27.1 hr compared with 26.3 {+-} 16.6 hr for urokinase CDT and rheolytic PMT (p = 0.0004). The mean urokinase dose required for CDT alone was 5.6 {+-} 5.3 million units compared with 2.7 {+-} 1.8 million units for urokinase CDT with rheolytic PMT (p = 0.008). Complete clot lysis was achieved in 73% (29/40) of DVT treated with urokinase CDT alone compared with 82% (22/27) treated with urokinase CDT with rheolytic PMT. Conclusion. Percutaneous CDT with rheolytic PMT is as effective as CDT alone for acute proximal extremity DVT but requires significantly shorter treatment duration and lower lytic doses. Randomized studies to confirm the benefits of pharmacomechanical thrombolysis in the treatment of acute proximal extremity DVT are warranted.

  5. Reconstruction of Early Paleogene North Pacific Deep-Water Circulation using the Neodymium Isotopic Composition of Fossil Fish Debris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hague, Ashley Melissa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    To better understand the operating mode of the deep oceans during fundamentally warm climate intervals, we present new Nd isotope data from Deep Sea Drilling Project and Ocean Drilling Program sites in the North Pacific to expand the reconstruction...

  6. Fractal Dimensions for Continuous Time Random Walk Limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark M. Meerschaert; Erkan Nane; Yimin Xiao

    2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In a continuous time random walk (CTRW), each random jump follows a random waiting time. CTRW scaling limits are time-changed processes that model anomalous diffusion. The outer process describes particle jumps, and the non-Markovian inner process (or time change) accounts for waiting times between jumps. This paper studies fractal properties of the sample functions of a time-changed process, and establishes some general results on the Hausdorff and packing dimensions of its range and graph. Then those results are applied to CTRW scaling limits.

  7. DEEP DESULFURIZATION OF DIESEL FUELS BY A NOVEL INTEGRATED APPROACH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaoliang Ma; Uday Turaga; Shingo Watanabe; Subramani Velu; Chunshan Song

    2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this project is to explore a new desulfurization system concept, which consists of efficient separation of the refractory sulfur compounds from diesel fuel by selective adsorption, and effective hydrodesulfurization of the concentrated fraction of the refractory sulfur compounds in diesel fuels. Our approaches focused on (1) selecting and developing new adsorbents for selective adsorption of sulfur or sulfur compounds in commercial diesel fuel; (2) conducting the adsorption desulfurization of model fuels and real diesel fuels by the selective-adsorption-for-removing-sulfur (PSUSARS) process over various developed adsorbents, and examining the adsorptive desulfurization performance of various adsorbents; (3) developing and evaluating the regeneration methods for various spent adsorbent; (4) developing new catalysts for hydrodesulfurization of the refractory sulfur existing in the commercial diesel fuel; (5) on the basis of the fundamental understanding of the adsorptive performance and regeneration natures of the adsorbents, further confirming and improving the conceptual design of the novel PSU-SARS process for deep desulfurization of diesel fuel Three types of adsorbents, the metal-chloride-based adsorbents, the activated nickel-based adsorbents and the metal-sulfide-based adsorbents, have been developed for selective adsorption desulfurization of liquid hydrocarbons. All of three types of the adsorbents exhibit the significant selectivity for sulfur compounds, including alkyl dibenzothiophenes (DBTs), in diesel fuel. Adsorption desulfurization of real diesel fuels (regular diesel fuel (DF), S: 325 ppmw; low sulfur diesel fuel (LSD-I), S: 47 ppmw) over the nickel-based adsorbents (A-2 and A-5) has been conducted at different conditions by using a flowing system. The adsorption capacity of DF over A-2 corresponding to an outlet sulfur level of 30 ppmw is 2.8 mg-S/g-A. The adsorption capacity of LSD-I over A-5 corresponding to the break-through point at 5.0 ppmw sulfur level is 0.35 mg-S/g-A. The spent A-5 can be regenerated by using H2 gas at a flowing rate of 40-50 ml/min, 500 C, and ambient pressure. Adsorption desulfurization of model diesel fuels over metal-sulfide-based adsorbents (A-6-1 and A-6-2) has been conducted at different temperatures to examine the capacity and selectivity of the adsorbents. A regeneration method for the spent metal-sulfide-based adsorbents has been developed. The spent A-6-1 can be easily regenerated by washing the spent adsorbent with a polar solvent followed by heating the adsorbent bed to remove the remainder solvent. Almost all adsorption capacity of the fresh A-6-1 can be recovered after the regeneration. On the other hand, a MCM-41-supported HDS catalyst was developed for deep desulfurization of the refractory sulfur compounds. The results show that the developed MCM-41-supported catalyst demonstrates consistently higher activity for the HDS of the refractory dibenzothiophenic sulfur compounds than the commercial catalyst. On the basis of the fundamental understanding of the adsorptive performance and regeneration natures of the adsorbents, the conceptual design of the novel PSU-SARS process for deep desulfurization of diesel fuel is confirmed and improved further.

  8. Phase 1 Methyl Iodide Deep-Bed Adsorption Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nick Soelberg; Tony Watson

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear fission results in the production of fission products (FPs) and activation products including iodine-129, which could evolve into used fuel reprocessing facility off-gas systems, and could require off-gas control to limit air emissions to levels within acceptable emission limits. Research, demonstrations, and some reprocessing plant experience have indicated that diatomic iodine can be captured with efficiencies high enough to meet regulatory requirements. Research on the capture of organic iodides has also been performed, but to a lesser extent [Jubin 2012b]. Several questions remain open regarding the capture of iodine bound in organic compounds. Deep-bed methyl iodide adsorption testing has progressed according to a multi-laboratory methyl iodide adsorption test plan. This report summarizes the first phase of methyl iodide adsorption work performed according to this test plan using the deep-bed iodine adsorption test system at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), performed during Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 and early FY-2014. Testing has been performed to address questions posed in the test plan, and followed the testing outline in the test plan. Tests established detection limits, developed procedures for sample analysis with minimal analytical interferences, and confirmed earlier results that show that the methyl iodide reacts when in contact with the AgZ sorbent, and not significantly in the gas flow upstream of the sorbent. The reaction(s) enable separation of the iodine from the organic moiety, so that the iodine can chemisorb onto the sorbent. The organic moiety can form other compounds, some of which are organic compounds that are detected and can be tentatively identified using GC-FID and GCMS. Test results also show that other gas constituents (NOx and/or H2O) can affect the methyl iodide reactions. With NOx and H2O present in the gas stream, the majority of uncaptured iodine exiting iodine-laden sorbent beds is in the form of I2 or HI, species that are soluble in NaOH scrubbing solution for iodine analysis. But when NOx and H2O are not present, then the majority of the uncaptured iodine exiting iodine-laden sorbent is in the form of methyl iodide. Methyl iodide adsorption efficiencies have been high enough so that initial DFs exceed 1,000 to 10,000. The methyl iodide mass transfer zone depths are estimated at 4-8 inches, possibly deeper than mass transfer zone depths estimated for I2 adsorption on AgZ. Additional deep-bed testing and analyses are recommended to (a) expand the data base for methyl iodide adsorption under various conditions specified in the methyl iodide test plan, and (b) provide more data for evaluating organic iodide reactions and reaction byproducts for different potential adsorption conditions.

  9. Non-nuclear power sources for deep space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennel, E.B.; Tang, C.; Santarius, J.F.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric propulsion and non-nuclear power can be used in tandem as a replacement for the current chemical booster and radioisotope thermoelectric generators now in use for deep space applications (i.e., to the asteroid belt and beyond). In current generation systems, electric propulsion is usually considered to be impractical because of the lack of high power for deep space, and non-nuclear power is thought to be impractical partly due to its high mass. However, when taken in combination, a solar powered electric upper stage can provide ample power and propulsion capability for use in deep space. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) systems have generally been selected for missions only when other systems are absolutely unavailable. The disadvantages of radioisotopes include the need for nuclear safety as another dimension of concern in payload integration; the lack of assured availability of plutonium in the post-cold-war world; the enormous cost of plutonium-238; and the system complexity introduced by the need to continuously cool the system during the pre-launch phase. A conservative estimate for the total power for the solar array at beginning of life (BOL) may be in the range of 25 kW in order to provide 500 W continuous power at Jupiter. The availability of {approximately} 25 kW(e) in earth orbit raises the interesting possibility of coupling electric propulsion units to this free electric power. If electric propulsion is used to raise the probe from low-earth-orbit to an earth-escape trajectory, the system could actually save on low-earth orbit mass. Electric propulsion could be used by itself in a spiral trajectory orbit raising maneuver to earth escape velocity, or it could be used in conjunction with a chemical upper stage (either solid rocket or liquid), which would boost the payload to an elliptical orbit. The concept is to begin the Earth-Jupiter trip with a swing-by near the Sun close to the orbit of Venus and perhaps even closer if thermal loads can be tolerated. During the solar swing-by, much more power will be produced by the solar panels, allowing the spacecraft's velocity to be increased significantly. The outbound leg of the journey can, therefore, be made much more quickly than with the classical trajectory. For the purposes of a Jupiter mission, it is assumed that 20 km/sec total delta-v would be required. For a payload envelope of 17,304 kg, a 1,900 sec Isp capability means that 11,386 kg of propellant would have to be consumed, leaving 5,917 kg for the mass of the probe plus dry mass of the upper stage. The thruster subsystem would require 765 kg of thruster subsystem mass, and probably less. Assuming tanks, regulators and valves amount to 10% of the propellant mass (very likely a pessimistic assumption), it is possible to assign a mass of 1,150 kg for the tankage subsystem. This results in a mass allowance of at least 4,000 kg for the probe. This compares favorably with the dry mass of 1,637 kg for Galileo, for example, and suggests that more than adequate margin exists. If the payload margin is used for battery storage, flyby missions to the outer planets may be possible.

  10. Query-Based Sampling: Can we do Better than Random? Almer S. Tigelaar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    a search interface. These are part of the deep web. Using conventional crawling to index the content, easily indexable, pages. The deep web consists of content that is generated dynam- ically in response of deep web pages that provide search services like this is estimated by one study to be five hundred

  11. Pilot Residential Deep Energy Retrofits and the PNNL Lab Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widder, Sarah H.; Chandra, Subrato; Parker, Graham B.; Sande, Susan; Blanchard, Jeremy; Stroer, Dennis; McIlvaine, Janet; Chasar, David; Beal, David; Sutherland, Karen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research investigating the technical and economic feasibility of several pilot deep energy retrofits, or retrofits that save 30% to 50% or more on a whole-house basis while increasing comfort, durability, combustion safety, and indoor air quality. The work is being conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. As part of the overall program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) researchers are collecting and analyzing a comprehensive dataset that describes pre- and post-retrofit energy consumption, retrofit measure cost, health and comfort impacts, and other pertinent information for each home participating in the study. The research and data collection protocol includes recruitment of candidate residences, a thorough test-in audit, home energy modeling, and generation of retrofit measure recommendations, implementation of the measures, test-out, and continued evaluation. On some homes, more detailed data will be collected to disaggregate energy-consumption information. This multi-year effort began in October 2010. To date, the PNNL team has performed test-in audits on 51 homes in the marine, cold, and hot-humid climate zones, and completed 3 retrofits in Texas, 10 in Florida, and 2 in the Pacific Northwest. Two of the retrofits are anticipated to save 50% or more in energy bills and the others - savings are in the 30% to 40% range. Fourteen other retrofits are under way in the three climate zones. Metering equipment has been installed in seven of these retrofits - three in Texas, three in Florida, and one in the Pacific Northwest. This report is an interim update, providing information on the research protocol and status of the PNNL deep energy retrofit project as of December, 2011. The report also presents key findings and lessons learned, based on the body of work to date. In addition, the report summarizes the status of the PNNL Lab Homes that are new manufactured homes procured with minimal energy-efficiency specifications typical of existing homes in the region, and sited on the PNNL campus. The Lab Homes serve as a flexible test facility (the first of its kind in the Pacific Northwest) to rapidly evaluate energy-efficient and grid-smart technologies that are applicable to residential construction.

  12. Diffusion in random velocity fields with applications to contaminant transport in groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suciu, Nicolae

    Diffusion in random velocity fields with applications to contaminant transport in groundwater is the mathematical object underlying cur- rently used stochastic models of transport in groundwater. The essential: Groundwater, Transport processes, Ergodicity, Random fields, Random walk, PDF methods 1. Introduction

  13. Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-Chuan Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chengkai

    Query Routing: Finding Ways in the Maze of the Deep Web Govind Kabra Chengkai Li Kevin Chen-occurrence framework for ranking and select- ing Deep Web sources that provide information relevant to users requirement. Given the huge number of heterogeneous Deep Web data sources, the end users may not know

  14. Assessing Relevance and Trust of the Deep Web Sources and Results Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    A Assessing Relevance and Trust of the Deep Web Sources and Results Based on Inter-Source Agreement Jha, Arizona State University Deep web search engines face the formidable challenge of retrieving high quality results from the vast collection of searchable databases. Deep web search is a two step process

  15. SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement. Existing methods have two deficiencies for applying to the open col- lections like the deep web. First query in the deep web, the agreements between theses an- swer sets are likely to be helpful in assessing

  16. Web-Prospector An Automatic, Site-Wide Wrapper Induction Approach for Scientific Deep-Web Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Web-Prospector An Automatic, Site-Wide Wrapper Induction Approach for Scientific Deep-Web of the additional clues commonly available in scientific deep Web databases. The solution consists of a sequence across an entire Web site. We test our algorithm against three real-world biochemical deep Web sources

  17. SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    SourceRank: Relevance and Trust Assessment for Deep Web Sources Based on Inter-Source Agreement Tempe AZ USA 85287 rajub@asu.edu, rao@asu.edu ABSTRACT One immediate challenge in searching the deep web-similarity-based relevance assess- ment. When applied to the deep web these methods have two deficiencies. First

  18. Distant FR I radio galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field: implications for the cosmological evolution of radio-loud AGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Best, Philip

    Distant FR I radio galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field: implications for the cosmological evolution of radio-loud AGN I. A. G. SnellenP and P. N. Best Institute for Astronomy, Royal Observatory, Blackford S T R AC T Deep and high-resolution radio observations of the Hubble Deep Field and flanking fields have

  19. BRAIN AND LANGUAGE 20, 305-328 (1983) An Analysis of Writing in a Case of Deep Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caramazza, Alfonso

    BRAIN AND LANGUAGE 20, 305-328 (1983) An Analysis of Writing in a Case of Deep Dyslexia KAREN A) that the defining symptoms of deep dyslexia will be observed in responses to any task which requires lexical process which normally functions to prevent decay of information from a Graphemic Buffer. Deep dyslexia

  20. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 153 (2005) 12 Studies of the Earth's Deep Interior--Eighth Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 153 (2005) 1­2 Editorial Studies of the Earth's Deep Interior--Eighth Symposium The Eighth Symposium on the Study of the Earth's Deep Interior (SEDI) was held. On this occasion attention was also turned to the deep interior of other planets as well as the Earth. To decipher

  1. arterial revascularization randomized: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    codes are available on-line at http:home.lanet.lvsd20008racs . Andris Ambainis; Debbie Leung; Laura Mancinska; Maris Ozols 2009-06-14 84 Random semicomputable reals...

  2. A fast randomized eigensolver with structured LDL factorization update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    By com- bining the adaptive randomized compression techniques in [20] with the HSS ... for a matrix A and two index sets I and J, A|I denotes a submatrix of A.

  3. Distributed Random Access Algorithm: Scheduling and Congesion Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Libin

    This paper provides proofs of the rate stability, Harris recurrence, and ?-optimality of carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) algorithms where the random access (or backoff) parameter of each node is adjusted dynamically. ...

  4. Wrinkling of Random and Regular Semiflexible Polymer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pascal Mller; Jan Kierfeld

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate wrinkling of two-dimensional random and triangular semiflexible polymer networks under shear. Both types of semiflexible networks exhibit wrinkling above a small critical shear angle, which scales with an exponent of the bending modulus between 1.9 and 2.0. Random networks exhibit hysteresis at the wrinkling threshold. Wrinkling lowers the total elastic energy by up to 20% and strongly affects the elastic properties of all semiflexible networks such as the crossover between bending and stretching dominated behavior. In random networks, we also find evidence for metastable wrinkled configurations. While the disordered microstructure of random networks affects the scaling behavior of wrinkle amplitudes, it has little effect on wrinkle wavelength. Therefore, wrinkles represent a robust, microstructure-independent assay of shear strain or elastic properties.

  5. Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saberi, Amin

    Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati Andrea Montanari Amin Saberi Abstract We; saberi@stanford.edu. 1 #12;free graphs are close to bipartite. We show that our new algorithm guarantees

  6. Polymer dynamics in random flow with mean shear K. Turitsyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fominov, Yakov

    Polymer dynamics in random flow with mean shear K. Turitsyn Landau Institute for theoretical;Outline Motivation: Elastic turbulence Experimental setup Flow and polymer models Results: 1. Angular statistics 2. Polymer elongation distribution Conclusion #12;Elastic Turbulence Elastic

  7. Limited Dependent Variable Correlated Random Coefficient Panel Data Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Zhongwen

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    for the average slopes of a linear CRC model with a general nonparametric correlation between regressors and random coefficients. I construct a sqrt(n) consistent estimator for the average slopes via varying coefficient regression. The identification of binary...

  8. Localization at low energies for attractive Poisson random Schrdinger operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franois Germinet; Peter D. Hislop; Abel Klein

    2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove exponential and dynamical localization at low energies for the Schr\\"odinger operator with an attractive Poisson random potential in any dimension. We also conclude that the eigenvalues in that spectral region of localization have finite multiplicity.

  9. Fundamental Scratch Behavior of Styrene-Acrylonitrile Random Copolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Browning, Robert Lee

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study employs a standardized progressive load scratch test (ASTM D7027/ISO 19252) to investigate the fundamental physical and mechanistic origins of scratch deformation in styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) random copolymers. Previous findings...

  10. Estimation of Random-Coefficient Demand Models: Two Empiricists' Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

    We document the numerical challenges we experienced estimating random-coefficient demand models as in Berry, Levinsohn, and Pakes (1995) using two well-known data sets and a thorough optimization design. The optimization ...

  11. Randomized coordinate descent methods for big data optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takac, Martin

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of 5 chapters. We develop new serial (Chapter 2), parallel (Chapter 3), distributed (Chapter 4) and primal-dual (Chapter 5) stochastic (randomized) coordinate descent methods, analyze their complexity ...

  12. Taking Stock of Our Situation: Pricing and Randomness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    Taking Stock of Our Situation: Pricing and Randomness Dianne P. O'Leary1 Many fascinating study is a supplement to Scientific Computing with Case Studies, Dianne P. O'Leary, SIAM Press

  13. Dynamic Optimal Random Access for Vehicle-to-Roadside Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    significant momentum in recent years, especially after the Federal Communications Commission (FCCDynamic Optimal Random Access for Vehicle-to-Roadside Communications Man Hon Cheung, Fen Hou access, efficient resource allocation schemes are required to fully utilize the limited communication

  14. Randomized modulation of power converters via Markov chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankovic, Aleksandar M.

    Randomized modulation of switching in power converters holds promise for reducing filtering requirements and reducing acoustic noise in motor drive applications. This paper is devoted to issues in analysis and synthesis ...

  15. Energy Conversion of Fully Random Thermal Relaxation Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franois Barriquand

    2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamic random processes in thermal systems are generally associated with one or several relaxation times, the inverse of which are formally homogeneous with energy. Here, we show in a precise way that the periodic modification of relaxation times during temperature-constant thermodynamic cycles can be thermodynamically beneficiary to the operator. This result holds as long as the operator who adjusts relaxation times does not attempt to control the randomness associated with relaxation times itself as a Maxwell 'demon' would do. Indirectly, our result also shows that thermal randomness appears satisfactorily described within a conventional quantum-statistical framework, and that the attempts advocated notably by Ilya Prigogine to go beyond a Hilbert space description of quantum statistics do not seem justified - at least according to the present state of our knowledge. Fundamental interpretation of randomness, either thermal or quantum mechanical, is briefly discussed.

  16. Ultrasonic wave propagation in random and periodic particulate composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Benjamin Kyle

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ULTRASONIC WAVE PROPAGATION IN RANDOM AND PERIODIC PARTICULATE COMPOSITES A Thesis by BENJAMIN KYLE HENDERSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilltnent of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1996 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering ULTRASONIC WAVE PROPAGATION IN RANDOM AND PERIODIC PARTICULATE COMPOSITES A Thesis by BENJAMIN KYLE HENDERSON Submitted to Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment...

  17. Radioisotope Electric Propulsion for Deep Space Sample Return

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noble, Robert J.; /SLAC

    2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The need to answer basic questions regarding the origin of the Solar System will motivate robotic sample return missions to destinations like Pluto, its satellite Charon, and objects in the Kuiper belt. To keep the mission duration short enough to be of interest, sample return from objects farther out in the Solar System requires increasingly higher return velocities. A sample return mission involves several complicated steps to reach an object and obtain a sample, but only the interplanetary return phase of the mission is addressed in this paper. Radioisotope electric propulsion is explored in this parametric study as a means to propel small, dedicated return vehicles for transferring kilogram-size samples from deep space to Earth. Return times for both Earth orbital rendezvous and faster, direct atmospheric re-entry trajectories are calculated for objects as far away as 100 AU. Chemical retro-rocket braking at Earth is compared to radioisotope electric propulsion but the limited deceleration capability of chemical rockets forces the return trajectories to be much slower.

  18. Coherence effects in deep inelastic scattering from nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ver Steeg, G. L. (Greg L.); Raufeisen, J. (Jorg)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete theoretical picture of multiple scattering processes in QCD remains elusive. In deep inelastic scattering experiments (DIS), we hope to find out information about the internal structure of nuclei from inelastically scattering high-energy electrons off them. The electrons interact via virtual photon exchange with the target. In the target rest frame the virtual photon splits into a quark-antiquark pair which is then scattered off the target color field. At high energies, coherent multiple scattering within the nucleus takes place. We develop a model that uses a parameterization of scattering cross section of the quark-antiquark pair off the proton to predict the cross section suppression known as shadowing in larger nuclei. This model takes the possibility of multiple scattering into account using Glauber high-energy collision theory. In large nuclei we must also move beyond the eikonal approximation by correcting for the finite lifetime of the quark-antiquark pair inside the nucleus. Results and implications of this model in relation to available data will be discussed. Finally, application of this type of model to predicting gluon densities will be considered. Understanding this process can give us insights into the more oomplicated scattering taking place in heavy ion colliders such as RHIC and LHC.

  19. Pressure seals - Implications for deep gas exploration in Anadarko basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tigert, V.A.; Al-Shaieb, Z. (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pressure seals are economically significant geological phenomena because they play an important role in deep natural gas entrapment. Pressure seals identified in basins worldwide may offer a new frontier for exploring natural gas reservoirs below {minus} 10,000 ft. Pressure seals are low-permeability envelopes that enclose abnormally pressured internal reservoirs. There are three different types of seals: basal, lateral, and top planar. Basal seals define the bottom of abnormal pressure compartments and usually follow a stratigraphic horizon. Lateral seals are usually associated with fault patterns. Top planar seals may cut across time-stratigraphic boundaries, different lithologies, and structures, and are by far the most significant type. The southeastern portion of the Anadarko basin in the Mill Creek graben area displays a layered sequence of abnormally pressured fluid compartments between {minus} 3,000 and {minus} minus 16,000 ft. These compartments are separated from each other as well as from overlying and underlying normal pressure zones by pressure seals. In McClain County, a top planar pressure seal separating two abnormal pressured compartments is located between {minus} 11,000 and {minus} 12,000 ft within the Simpson Group. Diagenetic signatures identified in the seal zone are characterized by carbonate and/or silica cemented intervals alternating with more porous and permeable units generating distinctive banded and/or laminated structures, coined zebra structures. The resulting compositional and textural heterogeneity of the Simpson sandstones may be related to diagenetic modification that occurred during the seal evolution.

  20. SEISMIC EVALUATION OF HYDROCARBON SATURATION IN DEEP-WATER RESERVOIRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; Huw James

    2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We are now entering the final stages of our ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342). We have now developed several techniques to help distinguish economic hydrocarbon deposits from false ''Fizz'' gas signatures. These methods include using the proper in situ rock and fluid properties, evaluating interference effects on data, and doing better constrained inversions for saturations. We are testing these techniques now on seismic data from several locations in the Gulf of Mexico. In addition, we are examining the use of seismic attenuation as indicated by frequency shifts below potential reservoirs. During this quarter we have: Began our evaluation of our latest data set over the Neptune Field; Developed software for computing composite reflection coefficients; Designed and implemented stochastic turbidite reservoir models; Produced software & work flow to improve frequency-dependent AVO analysis; Developed improved AVO analysis for data with low signal-to-noise ratio; and Examined feasibility of detecting fizz gas using frequency attenuation. Our focus on technology transfer continues, both by generating numerous presentations for the upcoming SEG annual meeting, and by beginning our planning for our next DHI minisymposium next spring.

  1. Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory - Preliminary Design Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin T. Lesko; Steven Acheson; Jose Alonso; Paul Bauer; Yuen-Dat Chan; William Chinowsky; Steve Dangermond; Jason A. Detwiler; Syd De Vries; Richard DiGennaro; Elizabeth Exter; Felix B. Fernandez; Elizabeth L. Freer; Murdock G. D. Gilchriese; Azriel Goldschmidt; Ben Grammann; William Griffing; Bill Harlan; Wick C. Haxton; Michael Headley; Jaret Heise; Zbigniew Hladysz; Dianna Jacobs; Michael Johnson; Richard Kadel; Robert Kaufman; Greg King; Robert Lanou; Alberto Lemut; Zoltan Ligeti; Steve Marks; Ryan D. Martin; John Matthesen; Brendan Matthew; Warren Matthews; Randall McConnell; William McElroy; Deborah Meyer; Margaret Norris; David Plate; Kem E. Robinson; William Roggenthen; Rohit Salve; Ben Sayler; John Scheetz; Jim Tarpinian; David Taylor; David Vardiman; Ron Wheeler; Joshua Willhite; James Yeck

    2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The DUSEL Project has produced the Preliminary Design of the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL) at the rehabilitated former Homestake mine in South Dakota. The Facility design calls for, on the surface, two new buildings - one a visitor and education center, the other an experiment assembly hall - and multiple repurposed existing buildings. To support underground research activities, the design includes two laboratory modules and additional spaces at a level 4,850 feet underground for physics, biology, engineering, and Earth science experiments. On the same level, the design includes a Department of Energy-shepherded Large Cavity supporting the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment. At the 7,400-feet level, the design incorporates one laboratory module and additional spaces for physics and Earth science efforts. With input from some 25 science and engineering collaborations, the Project has designed critical experimental space and infrastructure needs, including space for a suite of multidisciplinary experiments in a laboratory whose projected life span is at least 30 years. From these experiments, a critical suite of experiments is outlined, whose construction will be funded along with the facility. The Facility design permits expansion and evolution, as may be driven by future science requirements, and enables participation by other agencies. The design leverages South Dakota's substantial investment in facility infrastructure, risk retirement, and operation of its Sanford Laboratory at Homestake. The Project is planning education and outreach programs, and has initiated efforts to establish regional partnerships with underserved populations - regional American Indian and rural populations.

  2. Thermal management of masks for deep x-ray lithography.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khounsary, A.; Chojnowski, D.; Mancini, D.C.; Lai, B.; Dejus, R.

    1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses some options and techniques in the thermal management of masks used in deep x-ray lithography. The x-ray masks are thin plates made of low-atomic-number materials on which a patterned thin film of a high-atomic-number metal has been deposited. When they are exposed to an x-ray beam, part of the radiation is transmitted to replicate the pattern on a downstream photoresist, and the remainder is absorbed in the mask in the form of heat. This heat load can cause deformation of the mask and thus image distortion in the lithography process. The mask geometry considered in the present study is 100 mm x 100 mm in area, and about 0.1 to 2 mm thick. The incident radiation is a bending magnet x-ray beam having a footprint of 60 mm x 4 mm at the mask. The mask is scanned vertically about {+-} 30 mm so that a 60 mm x 60 mm area is exposed. the maximum absorbed heat load in the mask is 80 W, which is significantly greater than a few watts encountered in previous systems. In this paper, cooling techniques, substrate material selection, transient and steady state thermal and structural behavior, and other thermo-mechanical aspects of mask design are discussed. It is shown that, while diamond and graphite remain attractive candidates, at present beryllium is a more suitable material for this purpose and, when properly cooled, can provide the necessary dimensional tolerance.

  3. Modelling the Deep Counts: Luminosity Evolution, Dust and Faint Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ana Campos; Tom Shanks

    1995-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we analyse the deep number counts problem, taking account of new observational and theoretical developments. First we show that the new Bruzual and Charlot (1993) models allow a new class of spiral dominated luminosity evolution (LE) model where significant amounts of the luminosity evolution needed to fit faint count data are due to spiral rather than early-type galaxies. Second we show that the inclusion of dust may be a vital ingredient for obtaining fits with any LE model. Third we compare the quality of fit of both the spiral and early-type LE models, including dust, for a wide variety of observational data. We find that parameters can be found for both LE models which allow a good fit to all data with the exception of the faintest B>25 counts in the case of q0=0.5 cosmologies, where some luminosity dependent evolution may be needed (see also Metcalfe et al 1995). Otherwise both these classes of LE model, with the inclusion of dust, provide an excellent foundation for understanding the B<25 galaxy counts and galaxy counts and redshift distributions in a variety of other wavebands.

  4. Deep Energy Retrofit Performance Metric Comparison: Eight California Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Iain; Fisher, Jeremy; Less, Brennan

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we will present the results of monitored annual energy use data from eight residential Deep Energy Retrofit (DER) case studies using a variety of performance metrics. For each home, the details of the retrofits were analyzed, diagnostic tests to characterize the home were performed and the homes were monitored for total and individual end-use energy consumption for approximately one year. Annual performance in site and source energy, as well as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO{sub 2}e) emissions were determined on a per house, per person and per square foot basis to examine the sensitivity to these different metrics. All eight DERs showed consistent success in achieving substantial site energy and CO{sub 2}e reductions, but some projects achieved very little, if any source energy reduction. This problem emerged in those homes that switched from natural gas to electricity for heating and hot water, resulting in energy consumption dominated by electricity use. This demonstrates the crucial importance of selecting an appropriate metric to be used in guiding retrofit decisions. Also, due to the dynamic nature of DERs, with changes in occupancy, size, layout, and comfort, several performance metrics might be necessary to understand a projects success.

  5. Periodic fluctuations in deep water formation due to sea ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raj Saha

    2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last ice age several quasi-periodic abrupt warming events took place. Known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events their effects were felt globally, although the North Atlantic experienced the largest temperature anomalies. Paleoclimate data shows that the fluctuations often occurred right after massive glacial meltwater releases in the North Atlantic and in bursts of three or four with progressively decreasing strengths. In this study a simple dynamical model of an overturning circulation and sea ice is developed with the goal of understanding the fundamental mechanisms that could have caused the DO events. Interaction between sea ice and the overturning circulation in the model produces self-sustained oscillations. Analysis and numerical experiments reveal that the insulating effect of sea ice causes the ocean to periodically vent out accumulated heat in the deep ocean into the atmosphere. Subjecting the model to idealized freshwater forcing mimicking Heinrich events causes modulation of the natural periodicity and produces burst patterns very similar to what is observed in temperature proxy data. Numerical experiments with the model also suggests that the characteristic period of 1,500 years is due to the geometry, or the effective heat capacity, of the ocean that comes under sea ice cover.

  6. Stability of natural gas in the deep subsurface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, C.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural gas is becoming increasingly important as a fuel because of its widespread occurrence and because it has a less significant environmental impact than oil. Many of the known gas accumulations were discovered by accident during exploration for oil, but with increasing demand for gas, successful exploration will require a clearer understanding of the factors that control gas distribution and gas composition. Natural gas is generated by three main processes. In oxygen-deficient, sulfate-free, shallow (few thousand feet) environments bacteria generate biogenic gas that is essentially pure methane with no higher hydrocarbons ({open_quotes}dry gas{close_quotes}). Gas is also formed from organic matter ({open_quotes}kerogen{close_quotes}), either as the initial product from the thermal breakdown of Type III, woody kerogens, or as the final hydrocarbon product from all kerogen types. In addition, gas can be formed by the thermal cracking of crude oil in the deep subsurface. The generation of gas from kerogen requires higher temperatures than the generation of oil. Also, the cracking of oil to gas requires high temperatures, so that there is a general trend from oil to gas with increasing depth. This produces a well-defined {open_quotes}floor for oil{close_quotes}, below which crude oil is not thermally stable. The possibility of a {open_quotes}floor for gas{close_quotes} is less well documented and understanding the limits on natural gas occurrence was one of the main objectives of this research.

  7. Hadron attenuation in deep inelastic lepton-nucleus scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falter, T.; Cassing, W.; Gallmeister, K.; Mosel, U. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Giessen, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed theoretical investigation of hadron attenuation in deep inelastic scattering off complex nuclei in the kinematic regime of the HERMES experiment. The analysis is carried out in the framework of a probabilistic coupled-channel transport model based on the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck equation, which allows for a treatment of the final-state interactions beyond simple absorption mechanisms. Furthermore, our event-by-event simulations account for the kinematic cuts of the experiments as well as the geometrical acceptance of the detectors. We calculate the multiplicity ratios of charged hadrons for various nuclear targets relative to deuterium as a function of the photon energy {nu}, the hadron energy fraction z{sub h}=E{sub h}/{nu}, and the transverse momentum p{sub T}. We also confront our model results on double-hadron attenuation with recent experimental data. Separately, we compare the attenuation of identified hadrons ({pi}{sup {+-}}, {pi}{sup 0}, K{sup {+-}}, p, and p) on {sup 20}Ne and {sup 84}Kr targets with the data from the HERMES Collaboration and make predictions for a {sup 131}Xe target. At the end we turn towards hadron attenuation on {sup 63}Cu nuclei at EMC energies. Our studies demonstrate that (pre-)hadronic final-state interactions play a dominant role in the kinematic regime of the HERMES experiment while our present approach overestimates the attenuation at EMC energies.

  8. The UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey Early Data Release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dye, S; Almaini, O; Cross, N J G; Edge, A C; Hambly, N C; Hirst, P; Hodgkin, S T; Irwin, M J; Jameson, R F; Lawrence, A; Warren, S J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper defines the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Early Data Release (EDR). UKIDSS is a set of five large near-infra-red surveys defined by Lawrence et al. (2006), being undertaken with the UK Infra-red Telescope (UKIRT) Wide Field Camera (WFCAM). The programme began in May 2005 and has an expected duration of seven years. Each survey uses some or all of the broadband filter complement ZYJHK. The EDR is the first public release of data to the European Southern Observatory (ESO) community. All worldwide releases occur after a delay of 18 months from the ESO release. The EDR provides a small sample dataset, ~60 sq.deg (about 1% of the whole of UKIDSS), that is a lower limit to the expected quality of future survey data releases. In addition, an EDR+ dataset contains all EDR data plus extra data of similar quality, but for areas not observed in all of the required filters (amounting to ~220 sq.deg). The first large data release, DR1, will occur in mid-2006. We provide details of the observational im...

  9. The BMW Deep X-ray Cluster Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzzo, L; Campana, S; Covino, S; Dell'Antonio, I P; Lazzati, D; Longhetti, M; Molinari, E; Panzera, M R; Tagliaferri, G

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly describe the main features of the Brera Multi-Wavelet (BMW) survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. Cluster candidates are selected from the general BMW catalogue of 20,000 sources based exclusively on their X-ray extension. Contrary to common wisdom, a clever selection of the HRI energy channels allows us to significantly reduce the background noise, thus greatly improving the ability to detect low surface-brightness sources as clusters. The resulting sample of ~250 candidates shows a very good sky coverage down to a flux \\~3x10^-14 erg/s/cm^2 ([0.5-2.0] keV band), i.e comparable to existing PSPC-based deep survey, with a particularly interesting area of ~100 sq.deg. around fluxes ~10^-13 erg/s/cm^2, i.e. where highly-luminous, rare systems at z~0.6-1 can be detected. At the same time, the superior angular resolution of the instrument should avoid biases against intrinsically small systems, while easing the identification process (e.g...

  10. The BMW Deep X-ray Cluster Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Guzzo; A. Moretti; S. Campana; S. Covino; I. Dell'Antonio; D. Lazzati; M. Longhetti; E. Molinari; M. R. Panzera; G. Tagliaferri

    2001-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly describe the main features of the Brera Multi-Wavelet (BMW) survey of serendipitous X-ray clusters, based on the still unexploited ROSAT-HRI archival observations. Cluster candidates are selected from the general BMW catalogue of 20,000 sources based exclusively on their X-ray extension. Contrary to common wisdom, a clever selection of the HRI energy channels allows us to significantly reduce the background noise, thus greatly improving the ability to detect low surface-brightness sources as clusters. The resulting sample of ~250 candidates shows a very good sky coverage down to a flux \\~3x10^-14 erg/s/cm^2 ([0.5-2.0] keV band), i.e comparable to existing PSPC-based deep survey, with a particularly interesting area of ~100 sq.deg. around fluxes ~10^-13 erg/s/cm^2, i.e. where highly-luminous, rare systems at z~0.6-1 can be detected. At the same time, the superior angular resolution of the instrument should avoid biases against intrinsically small systems, while easing the identification process (e.g. by spotting blends and AGN contaminants). While about 20% of the candidates are already identified with groups/clusters at z0.5) bonafide cluster counterpart for ~80% of the targets.

  11. Hot-Jupiter Inflation due to Deep Energy Deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzburg, Sivan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some extrasolar giant planets in close orbits---"hot Jupiters"---exhibit larger radii than that of a passively cooling planet. The extreme irradiation $L_{\\rm eq}$ these hot Jupiters receive from their close in stars creates a thick isothermal layer in their envelopes, which slows down their convective cooling, allowing them to retain their inflated size for longer. This is yet insufficient to explain the observed sizes of the most inflated planets. Some models invoke an additional power source, deposited deep in the planet's envelope. Here we present an analytical model for the cooling of such irradiated, and internally heated gas giants. We show that a power source $L_{\\rm dep}$, deposited at an optical depth $\\tau_{\\rm dep}$, creates an exterior convective region, between optical depths $L_{\\rm eq}/L_{\\rm dep}$ and $\\tau_{\\rm dep}$, beyond which a thicker isothermal layer exists, which in extreme cases may extend to the center of the planet. This convective layer, which occurs only for $L_{\\rm dep}\\tau_{\\r...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic random waveguides Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IN RANDOM JOSSELIN GARNIERAND GEORGE PAPANICOLAOU Summary: . Acoustic waveguides, random media, asymptotic analysis. AMS subject classifications. 76B15, 35Q99, 60F05. 1... PULSE...

  13. The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations in Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deschenes, Olivier; Greenstone, Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coefficient, Monthly Weather Review, 94(7), 461-465. UnitedRandom Fluctuations in Weather Olivier Deschnes and MichaelRandom Fluctuations in Weather* Olivier Deschnes University

  14. Random Deployment of Data Collectors for Serving Randomly-Located Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Taesoo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, wireless communication industries have begun to extend their services to machine-type communication devices as well as to the user equipment. Such machine-type communication devices as meters and sensors need intermittent uplink resources to report measured or sensed data to their serving data collector. It is however hard to dedicate limited uplink resources to each of them. Thus, efficient service of a tremendous number of devices with low activities may consider simple random access as a solution. The data collectors receiving the measured data from many sensors simultaneously can successfully decode only signals with signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) above a certain value. The main design issues for this environment become how many data collectors are needed, how much power sensor nodes transmit with, and how wireless channels affect the performance. This paper provides answers to those questions through a stochastic analysis based on a spatial point process and on simulations.

  15. Deep Bed Iodine Sorbent Testing FY 2011 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nick Soelberg; Tony Watson

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear fission results in the production of fission products (FPs) and activation products that increasingly interfere with the fission process as their concentrations increase. Some of these fission and activation products tend to evolve in gaseous species during used nuclear fuel reprocessing. Analyses have shown that I129, due to its radioactivity, high potential mobility in the environment, and high longevity (half life of 15.7 million years), can require control efficiencies of up to 1,000x or higher to meet regulatory emission limits. Deep-bed iodine sorption testing has been done to evaluate the performance of solid sorbents for capturing iodine in off-gas streams from nuclear fuel reprocessing plants. The objectives of the FY 2011 deep bed iodine sorbent testing are: (1) Evaluate sorbents for iodine capture under various conditions of gas compositions and operating temperature (determine sorption efficiencies, capacities, and mass transfer zone depths); and (2) Generate data for dynamic iodine sorption modeling. Three tests performed this fiscal year on silver zeolite light phase (AgZ-LP) sorbent are reported here. Additional tests are still in progress and can be reported in a revision of this report or a future report. Testing was somewhat delayed and limited this year due to initial activities to address some questions of prior testing, and due to a period of maintenance for the on-line GC. Each test consisted of (a) flowing a synthetic blend of gases designed to be similar to an aqueous dissolver off-gas stream over the sorbent contained in three separate bed segments in series, (b) measuring each bed inlet and outlet gas concentrations of iodine and methyl iodide (the two surrogates of iodine gas species considered most representative of iodine species expected in dissolver off-gas), (c) operating for a long enough time to achieve breakthrough of the iodine species from at least one (preferably the first two) bed segments, and (d) post-test purging with pure N2 to drive loosely or physisorbed iodine species off of the sorbent. Post-test calculations determine the control efficiencies for each bed, iodine loadings on the sorbent, and mass transfer zone depths. Portions of the iodine-laden sorbent from the first bed of two of the tests have been shipped to SNL for waste form studies. Over the past three years, we have explored a full range of inlet iodine and methyl iodide concentrations ranging from {approx}100 ppb to {approx}100 ppm levels, and shown adequate control efficiencies within a bed depth as shallow as 2 inches for lower concentrations and 4 inches for higher concentrations, for the AgZ-type sorbents. We are now performing a limited number of tests in the NC-77 sorbent from SNL. Then we plan to continue to (a) fill in data gaps needed for isotherms and dynamic sorbent modeling, and (b) test the performance of additional sorbents under development.

  16. Design and Performance of Odyssey IV: A Deep Ocean Hover-Capable AUV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskesen, Justin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Odyssey IV class AUV was designed to fill the evolving needs of research and industry for a deep rated (6000 meter) vehicle, which is capable of both efficient cruising and precise hovering. This AUV is powerful enough ...

  17. Deep convection and brine rejection in the Japan Sea Lynne D. Talley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    ventilation occurs in only a very few regions, generally in confined patches associated with local cyclonic (Figure 1) to these small groups of deep convection sites and regions withdeep``ventilation

  18. Self consistent bathymetric mapping from robotic vehicles in the deep ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman, Christopher N

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining accurate and repeatable navigation for robotic vehicles in the deep ocean is difficult and consequently a limiting factor when constructing vehicle-based bathymetric maps. This thesis presents a methodology to ...

  19. IDENTIFYING LUMINOUS ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI IN DEEP SURVEYS: REVISED IRAC SELECTION CRITERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donley, J. L.

    Spitzer/IRAC selection is a powerful tool for identifying luminous active galactic nuclei (AGNs). For deep IRAC data, however, the AGN selection wedges currently in use are heavily contaminated by star-forming galaxies, ...

  20. Climate Change in the Cenozoic as Seen in Deep Sea Sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Wolf

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Asymmetry of interoceanic fresh-water and heat fluxes. Proc.2002. Sea-level and deep water temperature changes derivedwind forcing and surface water advection. In: G. Wefer et

  1. Deep-sea vent -proteobacterial genomes provide insights into emergence of pathogens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reysenbach, Anna-Louise

    % of the human population is infected by Helicobacter pylori, which causes gastric ulcer and cancer (12, Helicobacter and Campylobacter species. The deep-sea vent -proteobacterial genomes encode for multiple systems

  2. Reduced ventilation and enhanced magnitude of the deep Pacific carbon pool during the last glacial period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, L.; McCave, I. N.; Carter, L.; Fallon, S.; Scrivner, A. E.; Primeau, F.

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been proposed that the ventilation of the deep Pacific carbon pool was not significantly reduced during the last glacial period, posing a problem for canonical theories of glacialinterglacial CO2 change. However, using radiocarbon dates...

  3. Hall photovoltage deep-level spectroscopy of GaN films I. Shalish*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shalish, Ilan

    in semiconductor Hall voltage is proposed as a method to charac- terize deep levels. An analytical expression nucleation layer at temperatures lower than the typical growth temperature providing a bridge over

  4. The influence of geothermal sources on deep ocean temperature, salinity, and flow fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speer, Kevin G. (Kevin George)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a study of the effect of geothermal sources on the deep circulation, temperature and salinity fields. In Chapter 1 background material is given on the strength and distribution of geothermal heating. In ...

  5. An evaluation of the feasibility of disposal of nuclear waste in very deep boreholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Victoria Katherine, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep boreholes, 3 to 5 km into igneous rock, such as granite, are evaluated for next- generation repository use in the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other high level waste. The primary focus is on the stability and ...

  6. Mysteries of the Deep: What happens inside of MPI on Blue Gene...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mysteries of the Deep: What happens inside of MPI on Blue GeneQ and why it matters Jeff Hammond Leadership Computing Facility Argonne National Laboratory March 5, 2013 Jeff...

  7. Deep Blue No. 1-A Slimhole Geothermal Discovery at Blue Mountain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    at Blue Mountain, Humboldt County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Deep Blue No. 1-A Slimhole Geothermal Discovery at...

  8. Deep Blue No.1-A Slimhole Geothermal Discovery At Blue Mountain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    At Blue Mountain, Humboldt County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Deep Blue No.1-A Slimhole Geothermal Discovery At...

  9. Effective thermal conductivity measurements relevant to deep borehole nuclear waste disposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaikh, Samina

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work was to measure the effective thermal conductivity of a number of materials (particle beds, and fluids) proposed for use in and around canisters for disposal of high level nuclear waste in deep ...

  10. Surface electric variations induced by deep hydraulic stimulation: An example from the Soultz HDR site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sailhac, Pascal

    Surface electric variations induced by deep hydraulic stimulation: An example from the Soultz HDR exchanger to heat up the water that activates turbines that generate electricity. It is therefore essential

  11. Reproductive traits of pioneer gastropod species colonizing deep-see hydrothermal vents after an eruption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayer, Skylar (Skylar Rae)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The colonization dynamics and life histories of pioneer species are vital components in understanding the early succession of nascent hydrothermal vents. The reproductive ecology of pioneer species at deep-sea hydrothermal ...

  12. Analysis of Advanced Actinide-Fueled Energy Systems for Deep Space Propulsion Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guy, Troy Lamar

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study is focused on evaluating higher actinides beyond uranium that are capable of supporting power and propulsion requirements in robotic deep space and interstellar exploration. The central technology in this ...

  13. Evolution of Atlantic deep-water circulation: from the greenhouse to the icehouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Via, Rachael Kathleen

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To better understand how the evolution of Cenozoic deep-water circulation related to changes in global climate and ocean basin configuration, we generated Nd isotope records from Ocean Drilling Program sites in the southeastern Atlantic to track...

  14. The Soralux Daylighting System : passive solar illumination for deep-plan building spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thuot, Kevin W. (Kevin William)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Daylight is a valuable resource for both energy and human health. However, this resource is often underutilized in buildings due to the difficulty of controlling the changing qualities of daylight. Deep-plan building spaces ...

  15. Inclusive Aand Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering at Cebaf at Higher Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Frois; P. J. Mulders

    1994-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the discussion on the possibilities of doing inclusive and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering experiments at CEBAF with beam energy of the order of 10 GeV.

  16. Deep Vadose Zone Treatability Test for the Hanford Central Plateau: Soil Desiccation Pilot Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truex, Michael J.; Oostrom, Martinus; Strickland, Christopher E.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Johnson, Christian D.; Greenwood, William J.; Ward, Anderson L.; Clayton, Ray E.; Lindberg, Michael J.; Peterson, John E.; Hubbard, Susan; Chronister, Glen B.; Benecke, Mark W.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes results of a pilot test of soil desiccation conducted as part of the Deep Vadose Zone Treatability Test program. The report is written in CERCLA treatabilty test report format.

  17. Western Empire: the deep water wreck of a mid-nineteenth century wooden sailing ship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Joshua Aaron

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This study of Western Empire is split into two distinct parts: (1) historical research of the life of the vessel, relying on primary documents; and (2) analysis of the deep water survey data. The first part concentrates ...

  18. PLANKTONIC DEEP-WATER COPEPODS OF THE FAMILY MORMONILLIDAE GIESBRECHT, 1893 FROM THE EAST PACIFIC RISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.

    species were considered to be small particle-feeders, possessing filter baskets formed by feeding common in deep water is limited to the description of one species designated by Boxshall in 1979

  19. Discovery of Genes and Genomes through Deep Metagenomic Sequencing of Cow Rumen (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rubin, Eddy

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Director Eddy Rubin on "Discovery of Genes and Genomes through Deep Metagenomic Sequencing of Cow Rumen" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  20. Hadronization in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadronization in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on nuclei A. Airapetian p , N. Akopov aa , Z. Akopov aa , E.C. Aschenauer g , W. Augustyniak z , R. Avakian aa , A. Avetissian aa , E