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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Gradual awareness notification for the desktop environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops and puts forth the principles of gradual awareness notification. It distinguishes the concepts of hard and soft notification, and defines situations where gradual awareness techniques can be of the ...

Wilson, Thomas Blake

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

BEGIN VCALENDAR METHOD PUBLISH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEGIN VCALENDAR BEGIN VCALENDAR METHOD PUBLISH PRODID aps anl gov NONSGML iCalcreator VERSION X WR TIMEZONE America Chicago BEGIN VEVENT UID T152245CST wfNso0 aps anl gov DTSTAMP T212245Z DESCRIPTION DTEND TZID America Chicago T130000 DTSTART TZID America Chicago T120000 LOCATION A1100 SUMMARY User Science Seminar resumes END VEVENT BEGIN VEVENT UID T152245CST bNeb1D aps anl gov DTSTAMP T212245Z DESCRIPTION DTEND TZID America Chicago T090000 DTSTART TZID America Chicago T080000 SUMMARY Run Begins END VEVENT BEGIN VEVENT UID T152245CST C7VJtG aps anl gov DTSTAMP T212245Z DESCRIPTION Anthony Cugini DOE NETL DTEND TZID America Chicago T120000 DTSTART TZID America Chicago T110000 LOCATION Y AUD SUMMARY Application of Computational Science for Fossil Fuel Conversion

4

Beyond Beginning Balances Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Beyond Beginning Balances Peter Dessaules DOESO-62 Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004...

5

When does life begin?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

When does life begin? When does life begin? Name: Amit Srivastava Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, I was wondering about a bioethical issue that's really important today- abortion. Most of the debate about abortion revolves around when life begins, so I was wondering when most scientist's believe that life begins, since you obviously would know more about this subject. You don't have to give your moral beliefs or anything, but I would just like to know when you think that life begins... Thanks! =) Replies: This is an important topic, but even (or especially) for a scientist you and I must realize that my "moral beliefs" will affect the kind of answer I give. Even the unfertilized egg and sperm are "alive" so in some sense life begins before fertilization! The fertilized egg is certainly alive, in that it can copy its genetic information (DNA) and it can divide into more and more cells. The more critical question, I think, is when that life becomes "human", and that is not a question that science will be able to answer. Human-ness is a religious, or moral, or philosophical question that is not likely to have a single agreed-upon answer.

6

Gradually Truncated Log-normal distribution- Size distribution of firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many natural and economical phenomena are described through power law or log-normal distributions. In these cases, probability decreases very slowly with step size compared to normal distribution. Thus it is essential to cut-off these distributions for larger step size. Recently we introduce the gradually truncated power law distribution to successfully describe variation of financial, educational, physical and citation index. In the present work, we introduce gradually truncated log-normal distribution in which we gradually cut-off larger steps due to physical limitation of the system. We applied this distribution successfully to size distribution of USA´s manufactoring firms which is measured through their annual sell. The physical limitation are due to limited market size or shortage of highly competent executives. I.

Hari M. Gupta; José R. Campanha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Rock mass response to the decline in underground coal mining  

SciTech Connect

Geomechanical problems of mining in the Ostrava-Karvina Coal Basin were studied on the basis of longterm experience gained from seismological observations. They could serve as reasonable models of rock-mass response to temporary reduction and gradual decline in mining activities and mine closure.

Holub, K. [Academy of Science in Czech Republic, Prague (Czech Republic)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Declination Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Declination Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Declination Solar Place San Francisco, California Sector Solar Product San Francisco solar installation firm acquired by...

9

Development of high-power gyrotrons with gradually tapered cavity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In high power gyrotrons, the parasitic modes coupled with the operating mode cannot be avoided in the beam-wave interaction. These parasitic modes will decrease the efficiency of the gyrotrons. The purity of the operating mode affected by different tapers should be carefully studied. The steady-state self-consistent nonlinear theory for gyrotron with gradually tapered cavity is developed in this paper. A steady-state calculation code including 'cold cavity' and 'hot cavity' is designed. By comparison, a time-domain model analysis of gyrotron operation is also studied by particle-in-cell (PIC). It is found that the tapers of gyrotron have different influences on the modes coupling between the operating mode and the parasitic modes. During the study, an example of 94 GHz gyrotron with pure operating mode TE{sub 03} has been designed. The purity of the operating mode in the optimized cavity is up to -77 dB, and in output waveguide of the cavity is up to -76 dB. At the same time, the beam-wave interaction in the designed cavity has been simulated, too. An output power of 120 kW, corresponding to 41.6% efficiency and an oscillation frequency of 94.099 GHz have been achieved with a 50 kV, 6 A helical electron beam at a guiding magnetic field of 3.5485 T. The results show that the power in spurious modes of the optimized cavity may be kept far below than that of the traditional tapered cavity.

Lei Chaojun [Terahertz Science and Technology Research Center, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); The Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000 (China); Yu Sheng; Niu Xinjian; Liu Yinghui; Li Hongfu; Li Xiang [Terahertz Science and Technology Research Center, University of Electronics Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Beginning of life on Earth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beginning of life on Earth Beginning of life on Earth Name: beatnik Status: N/A Age: 12 Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: I am twelve years old and want to know how life began on earth. Replies: I am 43 years old and so would I! Scientists believe that lightning striking the atmosphere of the earth long ago caused certain simple chemicals like ammonia to form into more complicated chemicals that could lead to living cells. These chemicals then could hook together in chains to form molecules that direct life, such as RNA and DNA. One theory also says that fats in the primitive ocean acted on by waves, formed large globules enclosing these life directing chemicals, and that these structures eventually formed primitive cells. Then inside the cells, conditions could evolve to allow the chemistry of life to work better and better, and so on

11

Prairie State begins development work  

SciTech Connect

Lively Grove will be a state-of-the-art super section mine which will supply 6.7 million tons of bituminous coal per annum to a 1,600 MWS supercritical plant which is expected to begin generation electricity in 2011/2012. The projected cost of Prairie State Energy Campus is over $4 billion. The power plant will be 15% more efficient that similar sized plants and could be a model plant for the industry. The article describes the development plans which are 10% complete. 2 photos.

Buchsbaum, L.

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

How did it all begin?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How did it all begin? Although this question has undoubtedly lingered for as long as humans have walked the Earth, the answer still eludes us. Yet since my grandparents were born, scientists have been able to refine this question to a degree I find truly remarkable. In this brief essay, I describe some of my own past and ongoing work on this topic, centering on cosmological inflation. I focus on (1) observationally testing whether this picture is correct and (2) working out implications for the nature of physical reality (e.g., the global structure of spacetime, dark energy and our cosmic future, parallel universes and fundamental versus environmental physical laws). (2) clearly requires (1) to determine whether to believe the conclusions. I argue that (1) also requires (2), since it affects the probability calculations for inflation's observational predictions.

Max Tegmark

2005-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

13

Supply/Demand Forecasts Begin to Show Stock Rebuilding  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: During 1999, we saw stock draws during the summer months, when we normally see stock builds, and very large stock draws during the winter of 1999/2000. Normally, crude oil production exceeds product demand in the spring and summer, and stocks build. These stocks are subsequently drawn down during the fourth and first quarters (dark blue areas). When the market is in balance, the stock builds equal the draws. During 2000, stocks have gradually built, but following the large stock draws of 1999, inventories needed to have been built more to get back to normal levels. As we look ahead using EIA's base case assumptions for OPEC production, non-OPEC production, and demand, we expect a more seasonal pattern for the next 3 quarters. But since we are beginning the year with

14

Electronic government and the French state: A negotiated and gradual reform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In France, electronic administration has become an emblem of State and Civil service modernization. For a better understanding of the way in which Information Technology (IT) has gradually become part of the somewhat traditional effort at French State ...

David Acaud; Amar Lakel

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A geostatistical algorithm to reproduce lateral gradual facies transitions: Description and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Valid representations of geological heterogeneity are fundamental inputs for quantitative models used in managing subsurface activities. Consequently, the simulation of realistic facies distributions is a significant aim. Realistic facies distributions ... Keywords: Facies model, Gaussian field, Heterogeneity, Interfingering, Lateral gradual facies transition, Truncated Gaussian simulation

Oriol Falivene; Patricia Cabello; Pau Arbués; Josep Anton Muńoz; Lluís Cabrera

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Quantile index for gradual and abrupt change detection from CFB boiler sensor data in online settings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the problem of online detection of gradual and abrupt changes in sensor data having high levels of noise and outliers. We propose a simple heuristic method based on the Quantile Index (QI) and study how robust this method is ...

Alexandr Maslov; Mykola Pechenizkiy; Tommi Kärkkäinen; Matti Tähtinen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Video Games - Did They Begin at Brookhaven  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Video Games – Did They Begin at Brookhaven? Video Games – Did They Begin at Brookhaven? Additional Web Pages The following account, written in 1981, tells how a Department of Energy research and development program led to the pioneering development of video games. William Higinbotham William Higinbotham First Pong, now Space Invaders, next Star Castle – video games have mesmerized children of at all ages across the country and around the world. Where did it all begin? Possibly at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In 1958, William Higinbotham, then head of BNL's Instrumentation Division, designed what may have been one of the first video games. Back then, Brookhaven had visitors days in the fall, and thousands of people came to tour the Lab and see exhibits set up in the gymnasium. Higinbotham's game was an illustration of what the Instrumentation Division could design and build.

18

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid Progress Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid...

19

-OGP 04 (1) -Predicting Injectivity Decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- OGP 04 (1) - Predicting Injectivity Decline in Water Injection Wells by Upscaling On-Site Core, resulting in injectivity decline of injection wells. Particles such as biomass, corrosion products, silt on permeability. These data were then processed, upscaled to model injection wells and, finally, history matched

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

20

Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Amazonian forest biomass declines Michael Toomey, 1 Darof aboveground living biomass (p biomass declines, Geophys. Res.

Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of...

22

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction,...

23

Build Safety into the Very Beginning of the Computer System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Build Safety into the Very Beginning of the Computer System. From NIST Tech Beat April 28, 2011. ...

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

24

Urban Decline in Rust-Belt Cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many Rust-Belt cities have seen almost half their populations move from inside the city borders to the surrounding suburbs and elsewhere since the 1970s. As populations shifted, neighborhoods changed—in their average income, educational profi le, and housing prices. But the shift did not happen in every neighborhood at the same rate. Recent research has uncovered some of the patterns characterizing the process. Most major Rust-Belt cities have seen their populations shrink since their heydays, and with that decline, the average income of the remaining residents has fallen as well. Cities such as Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit, and Pittsburgh have each lost more than 40 percent of their populations over the last four decades. However, the losses have not been uniform across neighborhoods. Some neighborhoods have declined more rapidly than others. The uneven population decline across neighborhoods implies that the distributions of income, house prices, and human capital have also shifted within cities and the larger

Daniel Hartley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Pemex faces up to field decline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although Mexican state oil company Pemex publishes only the most general statistics about its operations, there is indirect evidence that the nation's oil fields are in serious decline. To increase hydrocarbon production 3% a year, Pemex says it will be necessary to bring 1.6 million bopd of new production onstream over the next five years. When combined with estimated production from secondary recovery, this figure implies an annual field decline rate of 16%. The rate may even be higher for Mexico's two major oil provinces, Campeche and Reforma.

Baker, G.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NETL: News Release - Carbon Sequestration Field Test Begins in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 , 2007 Carbon Sequestration Field Test Begins in Illinois Basin Field Test Pairs Geologic Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery WASHINGTON, DC - The Midwest Geological...

27

MEASURING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THE UNITED STATES' ECONOMY: A BEGINNING  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0555(95)/2 Distribution Category UC-950 Measuring Energy Efficiency in the United States' Economy: A Beginning Energy Consumption Series October 1995

28

The Clinton Laboratory begins to expand to Y-12 Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

directions, endorsed the distribution of radioisotopes at cost. This was the beginning of financial support and sustained support for the radioisotope program that continues at...

29

Sandia National Laboratories beginnings focus of Los Alamos'...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alamos' 70th anniversary lecture Sandia National Laboratories beginnings focus of Los Alamos' 70th anniversary lecture Sandia National Laboratories historian Rebecca Ullrich...

30

Los Alamos National Laboratory begins pumping tests on chromium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory begins pumping tests on chromium plume The chromium originated from cooling towers at a Laboratory power plant and was released from 1956 to 1972. May 22,...

31

New Mexico Airlines begins Los Alamos/ Albuquerque flights April...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Mexico Airlines begins Los Alamos Albuquerque flights April 8 Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues ...

32

December 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility December 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility December 12, 2003: Operations begin at Glovebox Excavator Method facility December 12, 2003 The Department's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) begins operations at the Glovebox Excavator Method (GEM) facility. The GEM project will demonstrate buried waste retrieval at Pit 9, which contains mixed transuranic waste generated by the Rocky Flats Plant and shipped to INEEL in the late 1960s. At the GEM facility, workers do not come into direct contact with the waste. Workers operate a backhoe with the arm and scoop bucket extended and isolated inside an enclosed excavation area. The contaminated soil and debris will be processed through a

33

Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role December 27, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role A waste retrieval facility constructed over a former buried radioactive waste disposal cell known as Pit 9 at the Idaho site has been repurposed for treating 6,000 drums of sludge waste left over from the Cold War weapons program. A waste retrieval facility constructed over a former buried radioactive waste disposal cell known as Pit 9 at the Idaho site has been repurposed for treating 6,000 drums of sludge waste left over from the Cold War weapons program. Workers review procedure for the sludge repack project. Workers review procedure for the sludge repack project. Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role

34

Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances Beginning Foreign Obligation Balances for the Power Reactors for the Power Reactors Michael J. Smith Michael J. Smith NAC International NAC International Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004 Crowne Crowne Plaza Plaza Ravinia Ravinia Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta, Georgia Project Purpose Project Purpose * Bridge the gap in foreign obligated (FO) inventory tracking for US power reactor RISs between 10/1/01 and 9/30/03 * Provide input for 10/1/03 FO beginning inventories in the NMMSS Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop Obligations Accounting Implementation Workshop January 13, 2004 January 13, 2004 Crowne

35

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 July 29, 2012 - 7:58pm Addthis New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 What does this mean for me? Starting in 2012, lightbulbs are required to use 25% less energy. You have several energy-efficient options to choose from, which are already available in stores. The new lighting standards could save U.S. households nearly $6 billion dollars in 2015 alone. Beginning in 2012, common lightbulbs sold in the United States will typically use about 25%-80% less energy. Many bulbs meet these new standards, including energy-saving incandescents, CFLs, and LEDs, and are already available for purchase. The newer bulbs provide a wide range of choices in color and brightness, and many of them last much longer than

36

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 July 29, 2012 - 7:58pm Addthis New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 What does this mean for me? Starting in 2012, lightbulbs are required to use 25% less energy. You have several energy-efficient options to choose from, which are already available in stores. The new lighting standards could save U.S. households nearly $6 billion dollars in 2015 alone. Beginning in 2012, common lightbulbs sold in the United States will typically use about 25%-80% less energy. Many bulbs meet these new standards, including energy-saving incandescents, CFLs, and LEDs, and are already available for purchase. The newer bulbs provide a wide range of choices in color and brightness, and many of them last much longer than

37

Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrieval Facility Begins New Role Retrieval Facility Begins New Role Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role December 27, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role A waste retrieval facility constructed over a former buried radioactive waste disposal cell known as Pit 9 at the Idaho site has been repurposed for treating 6,000 drums of sludge waste left over from the Cold War weapons program. A waste retrieval facility constructed over a former buried radioactive waste disposal cell known as Pit 9 at the Idaho site has been repurposed for treating 6,000 drums of sludge waste left over from the Cold War weapons program. Workers review procedure for the sludge repack project. Workers review procedure for the sludge repack project. Idaho Waste Retrieval Facility Begins New Role

38

Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends October 29, 2013 - 1:15pm Addthis Wellbore Cement: Research That Begins Where the Sidewalk Ends Learn more To learn more about this research, read the full report, An Assessment of Research Needs Related to Improving Primary Cement Isolation of Formations in Deep Offshore Wells. Full report on NETL's website. As we meander down the sidewalk, how many of us give more than a passing thought to the cement underfoot? For the most part, it's just another flat surface, a means to an end, whether it leads us to a coffee shop, book store, or parking lot. But when it's puckered, chipped, or crumbling, we certainly think about its need for repair.

39

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which are already available in stores. The new lighting standards could save U.S. households nearly 6 billion dollars in 2015 alone. Beginning in 2012, common lightbulbs sold...

40

NETL: News Release -Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0, 2011 Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of ten projects at nine universities...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NETL: News Release - CO2 Injection Begins in Illinois  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21, 2011 CO2 Injection Begins in Illinois Large-Scale Test to Inject 1 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide in Saline Formation Washington, D.C. - The Midwest Geological...

42

Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining March 1, 2012 - 11:02am Addthis Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov...

43

EM Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Fiscal Year 2011 EM Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Fiscal Year 2011 February 1, 2012...

44

DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test May 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, one of seven members of the U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program, has begun collecting core samples from a new characterization well near Spectra Energy's Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant in British Columbia, Canada. Core sampling, along with a sophisticated well logging program that the partnership is conducting, is an important step in proving the viability of carbon storage in brine-saturated formations. The Fort Nelson project is on track to become one of the first

45

Secretary Bodman Begins Australia Visit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Begins Australia Visit Begins Australia Visit Secretary Bodman Begins Australia Visit January 11, 2006 - 10:24am Addthis Two day trip highlighted by Asia-Pacific Partnership inaugural meeting SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman on Wednesday began a two day visit to Australia where he will lead the United States delegation to the inaugural meeting of the Asia-Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate (APP). The APP brings together governments and private sector entities from Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States to encourage the deployment of clean energy technologies and international cooperation in eight areas: cleaner fossil energy; renewable and distributed generation; power generation and transmission; aluminum; steel; cement; buildings and appliances; and

46

Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research July 20, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of ten projects at nine universities under the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The projects will develop technologies for use in the new generation of advanced turbines that operate cleanly and efficiently using fuels derived from coal and containing high amounts of hydrogen. The selected universities - located in California, Connecticut, Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas - will direct their efforts toward enabling technologies for high-hydrogen-fueled

47

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

48

DOE-Sponsored Project Begins Demonstrating CCUS Technology in Alabama |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Begins Demonstrating CCUS Technology in Project Begins Demonstrating CCUS Technology in Alabama DOE-Sponsored Project Begins Demonstrating CCUS Technology in Alabama August 22, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Carbon dioxide (CO2) injection has begun at the world's first fully integrated coal power and geologic storage project in southwest Alabama, with the goals of assessing integration of the technologies involved and laying the foundation for future use of CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). The "Anthropogenic Test"--conducted by the Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (SECARB), one of seven partnerships in DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program--uses CO2 from a newly constructed post-combustion CO2-capture facility at Alabama Power's 2,657-megawatt Barry Electric Generating Plant (Plant Barry). It will help

49

Astronomy days lectures begin July 8 at Bradbury Science Museum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Astronomy days lectures begin July 8 Astronomy days lectures begin July 8 Astronomy Days lectures begin July 8 at Bradbury Science Museum Didier Saumon leads off the series with a talk about extrasolar planets and brown dwarf stars. July 2, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Communications Office

50

DOE Partner Begins Carbon Storage Test | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partner Begins Carbon Storage Test Partner Begins Carbon Storage Test DOE Partner Begins Carbon Storage Test June 25, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- A Department of Energy sponsored project in Hopkins County, Kentucky has begun injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) into a mature oil field to assess the region's CO2 storage capacity and feasibility for enhanced oil recovery. The project is part of DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (RCSP) program and is being conducted by The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC). The project is part of the RCSP's "validation phase," where field tests are being conducted nationwide to assess the most promising sites to deploy carbon capture and storage technologies. This project is expected to create 13 full time jobs which will be

51

MEISPP Interns Begin Summer Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEISPP Interns Begin Summer Program MEISPP Interns Begin Summer Program MEISPP Interns Begin Summer Program July 20, 2011 - 11:41am Addthis Today the Minority Educational Institution Student Partnership Program (MEISPP) intern orientation was held at Department of Energy Headquarters in Washington, DC. Students came from Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Hispanic Serving Institutions in states such as California, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Puerto Rico. The interns have various academic backgrounds in the sciences and liberal arts fields. During the orientation, students received important information regarding the type of work they would perform and the various program offices they would be assigned. Students also had the opportunity to meet with their

52

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction August 24, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Construction activities have begun at an Illinois ethanol plant that will demonstrate carbon capture and storage. The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy, is the first large-scale integrated carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to move into the construction phase. Led by the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM), a member of DOE's Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Illinois-ICCS project is designed to sequester approximately 2,500 metric tons of carbon dioxide

53

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

54

Digging Begins at Hazardous Hanford Burial Ground - River Corridor  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Digging Begins at Hazardous Hanford Burial Ground - River Corridor Digging Begins at Hazardous Hanford Burial Ground - River Corridor Contractor Spent Two Years Preparing to Remediate 618-10 Digging Begins at Hazardous Hanford Burial Ground - River Corridor Contractor Spent Two Years Preparing to Remediate 618-10 August 3, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov 509-376-5365 Todd Nelson, Washington Closure media@wch-rcc.com 509-372-9097 RICHLAND, WASH. - After careful preparation and characterization, the Department of Energy's (DOE) River Corridor contractor, Washington Closure Hanford, has begun remediation of one of the most hazardous burial grounds tackled to date on the Hanford Site's River Corridor. The $57 million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act project began with nearly two years of preparation and characterization before reaching their

55

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department

56

Begin execution of implementation plans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Begin execution of implementation plans Begin execution of implementation plans Jump to: navigation, search Stage 5 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

57

Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research Nine Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research July 20, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of ten projects at nine universities under the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The projects will develop technologies for use in the new generation of advanced turbines that operate cleanly and efficiently using fuels derived from coal and containing high amounts of hydrogen. The selected universities - located in California, Connecticut, Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas - will direct their efforts toward enabling technologies for high-hydrogen-fueled

58

DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling for Large-Volume Sequestration Test May 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, one of seven members of the U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program, has begun collecting core samples from a new characterization well near Spectra Energy's Fort Nelson natural gas processing plant in British Columbia, Canada. Core sampling, along with a sophisticated well logging program that the partnership is conducting, is an important step in proving the viability of carbon storage in brine-saturated formations. The Fort Nelson project is on track to become one of the first

59

DNA Duplication Revealed in New Beginnings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DNA Duplication Revealed in New Beginnings DNA Duplication Revealed in New Beginnings DNA Duplication Revealed in New Beginnings April 3, 2012 - 9:36am Addthis The DNA replication origin recognition complex (ORC) is a six-protein machine with a slightly twisted half-ring structure (yellow). ORC is proposed to wrap around and bend approximately 70 base pairs of double stranded DNA (red and blue). When a replication initiator Cdc6 (green) joins ORC, the partial ring is now complete and ready to load another protein onto the DNA. This last protein (not shown) is the enzyme that unwinds the double stranded DNA so each strand can be replicated. | Illustration courtesy of Brookhaven Lab. The DNA replication origin recognition complex (ORC) is a six-protein machine with a slightly twisted half-ring structure (yellow). ORC is

60

Construction Begins for Solar Decathlon 2011 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Begins for Solar Decathlon 2011 Construction Begins for Solar Decathlon 2011 Construction Begins for Solar Decathlon 2011 September 13, 2011 - 11:13am Addthis Location of U.S. Department of Energy's 2011 Solar Decathlon at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Location of U.S. Department of Energy's 2011 Solar Decathlon at the National Mall's West Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. WASHINGTON, D.C. - Collegiate teams featuring over 4,000 students from around the world are arriving at the National Mall's West Potomac Park to assemble the highly energy efficienta solar-powered houses they built for the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. The teams will then compete in 10 contests during 10 days that gauge each house's performance, livability and affordability.

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61

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department

62

CO2 Injection Begins in Illinois | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Begins in Illinois Begins in Illinois CO2 Injection Begins in Illinois November 17, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC), one of seven regional partnerships created by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to advance carbon storage technologies nationwide, has begun injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) for their large-scale CO2 injection test in Decatur, Illinois. The test is part of the development phase of the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships program, an Office of Fossil Energy initiative launched in 2003 to determine the best approaches for capturing and permanently storing gases that can contribute to global climate change. "Establishing long-term, environmentally safe and secure underground CO2 storage is a critical component in achieving successful commercial

63

Paducah Plant Begins Enrichment Operations after Five Parties Strike  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plant Begins Enrichment Operations after Five Parties Plant Begins Enrichment Operations after Five Parties Strike Agreement Paducah Plant Begins Enrichment Operations after Five Parties Strike Agreement May 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis This cylinder hauler at Paducah’s Babcock & Wilcox Conversion Services plant delivers the first of DOE’s 14-ton depleted uranium cylinders to USEC for re-enrichment as part of a five-party agreement that is extending enrichment operations at the 60-year-old plant for another year, delaying increased costs at the site for DOE. This cylinder hauler at Paducah's Babcock & Wilcox Conversion Services plant delivers the first of DOE's 14-ton depleted uranium cylinders to USEC for re-enrichment as part of a five-party agreement that is extending enrichment operations at the 60-year-old plant for another year, delaying

64

Los Alamos National Laboratory to begin DARHT 2 operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January » January » DARHT 2 operations begin Los Alamos National Laboratory to begin DARHT 2 operations The Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility has officially become "dual" with authorization to begin full power operations of Axis 2. January 29, 2008 DARHT's electron accelerators use large, circular aluminum structures to create magnetic fields that focus and steer a stream of electrons down the length of the accelerator. Tremendous electrical energy is added along the way. When the stream of high-speed electrons exits the accelerator it is "stopped" by a tungsten target resulting in an intense burst of X-rays that are used to create digital images of mock nuclear devices as they implode. DARHT's electron accelerators use large, circular aluminum structures to

65

Construction Begins on New Waste Processing Facility | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Begins on New Waste Processing Facility Construction Begins on New Waste Processing Facility Construction Begins on New Waste Processing Facility February 9, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Workers construct a new facility that will help Los Alamos National Laboratory accelerate the shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in Carlsbad for permanent disposal. Workers construct a new facility that will help Los Alamos National Laboratory accelerate the shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in Carlsbad for permanent disposal. Construction has begun on a new facility that will help Los Alamos National Laboratory accelerate the shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste stored in large boxes at Technical Area 54, Area G. Construction has begun on a new facility that will help Los Alamos National

66

Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Demolition begins of cold War-Era buildings Lab begins demolition of Cold War-era buildings More than 165,000 square feet of former research, production, and office buildings will be demolished. December 1, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Communications Office

67

New Groundwater Treatment Facility Begins Operation: Boost in Cleanup  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Groundwater Treatment Facility Begins Operation: Boost in New Groundwater Treatment Facility Begins Operation: Boost in Cleanup Accelerated by Recovery Act Funding New Groundwater Treatment Facility Begins Operation: Boost in Cleanup Accelerated by Recovery Act Funding January 19, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL (509)376-6773 Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is boosting its capacity for treating groundwater to remove chromium near the Columbia River by 40 percent with the recent completion of a new treatment facility. Contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) finished building and started operating the new 100-DX groundwater treatment facility in December. The facility is located near the D and DR Reactors on

68

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Let the Building Begin Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department Day 6 Construction 4 of 22 Day 6 Construction

69

The 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Challenge Begins Today |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Challenge Begins Today The 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Challenge Begins Today The 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Challenge Begins Today May 2, 2011 - 12:02pm Addthis Lasers used for photovoltaic research in one of SERI's PV labs. | Photo courtesy of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Lasers used for photovoltaic research in one of SERI's PV labs. | Photo courtesy of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? The Energy Department's 17 national laboratories currently hold more than 15,000 patents. As part of 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' challenge, companies can obtain up to three patents from a single lab for $1,000. In a year, the Energy Department will showcase the start-up

70

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction August 24, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Construction activities have begun at an Illinois ethanol plant that will demonstrate carbon capture and storage. The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy, is the first large-scale integrated carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to move into the construction phase. Led by the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM), a member of DOE's Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Illinois-ICCS project is designed to sequester approximately 2,500 metric tons of carbon dioxide

71

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet regulatory milestone Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet regulatory milestone November 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Geoff Tyree Department of Energy Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 Dee Millikin CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company Dee_Millikin@rl.gov 509-376-1297 RICHLAND, WASH. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (CH2M HILL) began demolishing a vault complex that once held stores of plutonium for the U.S. nuclear weapons program at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. The vault complex is part of Hanford's Plutonium Finishing Plant, which

72

DOE Begins Demoltion on K-25’s East Wing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE begins demolition of Building K-25’s east wing. The former uranium enrichment facility, located at ETTP, was once the world’s largest building under one roof, covering more than 44 acres. The project is one of DOE’s highest EM priorities in Oak Ridge and an integral component to completing cleanup of ETTP.

73

Decline curve derivative analysis for homogeneous and composite reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this study, the rate decline and rate decline derivatives of a constant pressure well are presented for infinite, constant pressure outer boundary, and closed outer boundary homogeneous reservoirs. A rate derivative type curve is provided for these cases as well. The effects of the dimensionless reservoir exterior radius are discussed. Rate decline and rate decline derivatives of a constant pressure well in an infinite composite reservoir are also presented. For composite reservoirs, the effects of mobility ratios and discontinuity distance on both rate decline and rate decline derivatives are presented. Type curves for dimensionless wellbore flow rate derivatives for infinite composite reservoirs are provided. A new correlating group for the derivative type curve is provided, and is different than the correlating group for the rate type curve presented in the past. Finally, an analysis method that comprises type curve and derivative type curve matching to determine the dimensionless variables is proposed and demonstrated with a simulated example.

Demski, J.A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Declining U.S. Equity Premium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study demonstrates U.S. equity premium declined significantly during the three decades. study calculates equity premium a variation a formula the classic Gordon stock valuation model. calculation includes bond yield, stock dividend yield, expected dividend growth rate, which this formulation change over study calculates premium several measures aggregate U.S. stock portfolio and several assumptions about bond yields stock dividends basically same result. premium averaged about percentage points during 1926--70 about percentage point that. This result is shown to reasonable by demonstrating roughly equal returns investments stocks consol bonds same duration would have earned between 1982 and 1999, years when equity premium is estimated views expressed herein those of authors and necessarily of Federal Reserve Bank Minneapolis Federal Reserve System. Historically, investors holding corporate equities have earned a premium, extra return holding equities instead of bonds, which more predictable returns. Es- timates equity premium in United States erage around 4 percentage points past centu- (Siegel 1998) around 7 percentage points 1926 period (Center Research in Security Prices). historical size of U.S. equity premium puz- economists since mid-1980s. Economists sumed size premium is primarily a measure compensation investors demand taking extra risk inherent equity investments. stan- dard asset pricing model which incorporates assump- been able account equity premium large 4 percentage points; with reasonable levels risk aversion and other standard assumptions, model pre- dicts instead a premium around 0.25 percentage point (Mehra Prescott 1985, Hansen and Jagannathan 1991). This discrepancy between data and theory come known as equity premium puzzle. puzzle some fruitful w...

Ravi Jagannathan; Ellen McGrattan; Anna Scherbina

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Energy Perspectives: United States energy imports decline while ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information ... Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies ... United States energy imports decline while energy exports increase.

76

Annual Production with 2 Percent Annual Growth & Decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

It is unlikely that any single constant growth or decline rate would persist before or after the year of peak production. World oil production has sometimes ...

77

Steps to Begin Harvesting Process | Scientific and Technical Information  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Steps to Begin Harvesting Process Steps to Begin Harvesting Process Print page Print page Email page Email page This list of steps in the Harvesting process covers three main phases. Preparing to enter into the process is when the site actually does the most work; this is when metadata mapping and the technical development takes place. The testing phase is simple but takes up a significant amount of time in the process. The production phase is an ongoing one based primarily on monitoring for quality control. In the lists below, S stands for "Site" and notes a step that is performed by the participating site; O stands for OSTI, indicating OSTI's responsibility for that task. Preparing: Mapping and Technical Development 1 S Site contacts OSTI's Harvesting Manager (HM) to express interest.

78

Church, Drama, & the Cool Hand Luke Effect: The Decline of Mainline Churches in America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1967, Warner Bros. released the film Cool Hand Luke and out of this film came one of the most famous quotes in the history of motion pictures: “What we’ve got here is a failure to communicate.” That same year marked the beginning of a slow decline in mainline Christian denominations in America, such as the United Methodist Church, despite the overall growth of Christianity. The purpose of this thesis is to present, explore, and evaluate one possible reason for this decline. Throughout American history, there is an interesting phenomenon in which the acceptance of Christian drama in America largely depended upon primary mass communication media being visual or image-centric. Therefore, this thesis hypothesizes that the decline of mainline Christian denominations can be attributed to a breakdown in communication between the church and American society as a whole; evidence of this communication breakdown can be found by simultaneously analyzing the history of advances in communication media, societal shifts along the left-brain/right-brain spectrum, and Christian drama. Due to the vastness of all that is “Christian drama,” the scope of this thesis is primarily limited to surveying the development of Christian drama in America. However, this thesis also examines the rise, evolution, and decline of the Corpus Christi York Cycle in medieval England so as to lay the groundwork for understanding the development of Christian drama in America. The decline of this immensely popular form of medieval Christian drama is one of the clearest examples of the Protestant Reformation’s effects in generating suspicions of and antagonism towards Catholicism. This suspicion would later influence the beliefs of sixteenth century Puritans and affect the creation of “American” values. The relationship between the church and theater would remain deeply antagonistic until well into the late nineteenth century. This animosity would eventually subside before the arrival of the twentieth century, particularly following the invention of film, which provided a new medium for Christian drama. The invention and diffusion of television is arguably the single greatest causative factor in the decline of mainline Christian denominations.

Purdy, Jennifer 1987-

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Electric Generating Facility Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Electric Generating Facility...

80

Power quality - Utilities begin to set up monitoring networks  

SciTech Connect

The time of day at which power-quality problems occur, and their coincidence with other events on the electrical system, are two of the earliest clues to the source of the problem. Today, utilities are beginning to answer customer complaints by installing networks of power-monitoring devices and showing the customer how to use the data they supply. A monitoring network often provides the additional benefit of enabling an engineer to anticipate power-quality problems before the begin to affect production. Advanced electronic packaging allows power-quality monitors to perform three functions that originally required several different instruments: Transient recording and analysis; Harmonics analysis; and, Power measurement-including demand, kilowatt-hours, VArs, power factor, etc. There is a wide range of power-quality monitors on the market with a confusing array of capabilities. The problem is complicated by the frequent introduction of new models, designed to meet specific applications at the lowest possible cost. This paper describes the important features to look for, which include: sampling rate, peak detection, channels, communications, environmental capability, analysis, protocols, and portability. 3 figs.

Reason, J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Beginning of an oil shale industry in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses how preparations are being made for the construction and operation of a semi commercial plant to process Australian oil shale. This plant is primarily designed to demonstrate the technical feasibility of processing these shales at low cost. Nevertheless it is expected to generate modest profits even at this demonstration level. This will be the first step in a three staged development of one of the major Australian oil shale deposits which may ultimately provide nearly 10% of Australia's anticipated oil requirements by the end of the century. In turn this development should provide the basis for a full scale oil shale industry in Australia based upon the advantageously disposed oil shale deposits there. New sources of oil are becoming critical since Australian production is declining rapidly while consumption is accelerating.

Wright, B. (Southern Pacific Petroleum NL, 143 Macquarie Street, Sydney (AU))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

InterLab 2005 * Thursday, December 15 InterLab 2005 * Thursday, December 15 Nena Moss * www.osti.gov OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind Nena Moss NCI Information Systems, Inc. U.S. Department of Energy D.O.E. Office of Science OSTI Delivers Research Results The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is a Department of Energy (DOE) program within the Office of Science. OSTI's mission: To advance science and sustain technological creativity by making research and development (R&D) findings available and useful to DOE researchers and to the American people. (Print this presentation to display expanded comments.) We have a DOE-wide mission to deliver DOE research results. First DOE Home Page In 1994 OSTI created the first DOE home page, and in 1996 entered the Internet era full force, converting report literature to digital form.

83

NETL: News Release - We Energies Begins Operational Phase of Mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2006 7, 2006 We Energies Begins Operational Phase of Mercury Control Test in Michigan Coal-Fired Power Plant TOXECON(tm) Process Could Achieve 90 Percent Mercury Removal Washington, DC - The nation's first full-scale test of the patented TOXECON(tm) pollution control process began operations at the We Energies Presque Isle Power Plant located in Marquette, MI. The $52.9 million TOXECON(tm) project was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy in 2003 as part of the President's Clean Coal Power Initiative. Under their agreement with DOE, We Energies is designing, installing, operating and evaluating the TOXECON(tm) process as an integrated system to control emissions of mercury, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides during the operations of its Presque Isle plant.

84

NETL: News Release - Critical Carbon Sequestration Assessment Begins:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 12, 2006 September 12, 2006 Critical Carbon Sequestration Assessment Begins: Midwest Partnership Looks at Appalachian Basin for Safe Storage Sites Seismic Surveys to Determine Viability of Rock Formations for CO2 Storage WASHINGTON, DC - Tapping into rock formations at sites thousands of feet deep, a government-industry team is using seismic testing to help determine whether those sites can serve as reservoirs to safely store carbon dioxide (CO2), a major greenhouse gas. MORE INFO WATCH: NETL Project Manager Charlie Byrer discuss this important project Learn more about DOE's Carbon Sequestration Regional Partnerships Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership web site The U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory is sponsoring the tests in a program to develop carbon sequestration

85

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2013 28, 2013 Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization DOE-Supported Project in Texas Demonstrates Viability of CCUS Technology Washington, D.C. - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). MORE INFO Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

86

NETL: News Release - Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

30, 2008 30, 2008 Universities Begin Critical Turbine Systems Research WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of four projects under the Office of Fossil Energy's University Turbine Systems Research (UTSR) Program. The projects will develop technologies for use in the new generation of advanced turbines that operate cleanly and efficiently when fueled with coal-derived synthesis gas and hydrogen fuels. The overall goal of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Turbine Program is to provide high-efficiency, near-zero emissions and lower-cost turbines for coal-based stationary power systems. Developing turbine technology to operate on high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels derived from coal synthesis gas is critical to the development of advanced, near-zero-emission integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation plants that separate and capture carbon dioxide (CO2).

87

Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone Recovery Act milestone: Excavation begins at Manhattan Project landfill The six-acre site contains a series of trenches used from 1944 to 1948 to dispose of hazardous and non-hazardous trash from Manhattan Project labs and buildings. July 1, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

88

Oldest objects in solar system indicate a turbulent beginning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-02 3-02 For immediate release: 03/03/2011 | NR-11-03-02 Oldest objects in solar system indicate a turbulent beginning Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Compositional X-ray image of the rim and margin of a ~4.6 billion year old calcium aluminum refractory inclusion (CAI) from the Allende carbonaceous chondrite. Core extending well beyond the field of view to the upper left consists of melilite, spinel and perovskite. Rim consists of a sequence of mono-mineral layers a few micrometers thick (hibonite, perovskite, spinel, melilite/sodalite, pyroxene, and olivine). A spinel-rich micro-inclusion appears to have been entrapped while the rim was forming. LIVERMORE, Calif. -- Scientists have found that calcium, aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs), some of the oldest objects in the solar system, formed

89

U.S. LPG pipeline begins deliveries to Pemex terminal  

SciTech Connect

LPG deliveries began this spring to the new Mendez LPG receiving terminal near Juarez, State of Chihuahua, Mexico. Supplying the terminal is the 265-mile, 8-in. Rio Grande Pipeline that includes a reconditioned 217-mile, 8-in. former refined-products pipeline from near Odessa, Texas, and a new 48-mile, 8-in. line beginning in Hudspeth County and crossing the US-Mexico border near San Elizario, Texas. Capacity of the pipeline is 24,000 b/d. The LPG supplied to Mexico is a blend of approximately 85% propane and 15% butane. Before construction and operation of the pipeline, PGPB blended the propane-butane mix at a truck dock during loading. Demand for LPG in northern Mexico is strong. Less than 5% of the homes in Juarez have natural gas, making LPG the predominant energy source for cooking and heating in a city of more than 1 million. LPG also is widely used as a motor fuel.

Bodenhamer, K.C. [Mid-America Pipeline Co., Tulsa, OK (United States)

1997-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

90

Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining March 1, 2012 - 11:02am Addthis Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov Megan Slack Deputy Director of Digital Content, White House Office of Digital Strategy What are the key facts? America's dependence on foreign oil has decreased every year since President Obama took office. We need an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy to protect Americans from high energy prices in the long run. Editor's Note: This post originally appeared on the White House Blog. America's dependence on foreign oil has gone down every single year since President Obama took office. In 2010, we imported less than 50 percent of the oil our nation consumed-the first time that's happened in 13

91

Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining Our Dependence on Foreign Oil Is Declining March 1, 2012 - 11:02am Addthis Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov Image courtesy of whitehouse.gov Megan Slack Deputy Director of Digital Content, White House Office of Digital Strategy What are the key facts? America's dependence on foreign oil has decreased every year since President Obama took office. We need an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy to protect Americans from high energy prices in the long run. Editor's Note: This post originally appeared on the White House Blog. America's dependence on foreign oil has gone down every single year since President Obama took office. In 2010, we imported less than 50 percent of the oil our nation consumed-the first time that's happened in 13

92

U.S. energy intensity projected to continue its steady decline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In the United States, energy intensity has been declining steadily since the early 1970s and continues to decline in EIA's long-term projection.

93

Memo to Skip Laitner of EPA: initial comments on "The internet begins with coal"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet Begins with Coal: A Preliminary Exploration ofMark P. Mills. 1999. "Dig more coal—the PCs are coming." Inon "The Internet Begins with Coal" cc: Mark P. Mills, Rob

Koomey, Jonathan G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Arctic Sea Ice Decline: Observations, Projections, Mechanisms, and Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or phase space. In this work we con- sider the trajectory of sea ice in the ice thickness phase space. We175 Arctic Sea Ice Decline: Observations, Projections, Mechanisms, and Implications Geophysical Is the Trajectory of Arctic Sea Ice? Harry L. Stern and Ronald W. Lindsay Polar Science Center, Applied Physics

Lindsay, Ron

95

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak and subsequent decline Edited by Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Risø-R-1712(EN) September 2009 Proceedings Risø International Energy Conference 2009 #12;Editors: Leif Sønderberg Petersen and Hans Larsen Title: Energy solutions for CO2 emission peak

96

Comparison of Emperical Decline Curve Analysis for Shale Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study compares four recently developed decline curve methods and the traditional Arps or Fetkovich approach. The four methods which are empirically formulated for shale and tight gas wells are: 1. Power Law Exponential Decline (PLE). 2. Stretched Exponential Decline (SEPD). 3. Duong Method. 4. Logistic Growth Model (LGM). Each method has different tuning parameters and equation forms. The main objective of this work is to determine the best method(s) in terms of Estimated Ultimate Recovery (EUR) accuracy, goodness of fit, and ease of matching. In addition, these methods are compared against each other at different production times in order to understand the effect of production time on forecasts. As a part of validation process, all methods are benchmarked against simulation. This study compares the decline methods to four simulation cases which represent the common shale declines observed in the field. Shale wells, which are completed with horizontal wells and multiple traverse highly-conductive hydraulic fractures, exhibit long transient linear flow. Based on certain models, linear flow is preceded by bilinear flow if natural fractures are present. In addition to this, linear flow is succeeded by Boundary Dominated Flow (BDF) decline when pressure wave reaches boundary. This means four declines are possible, hence four simulation cases are required for comparison. To facilitate automatic data fitting, a non-linear regression program was developed using excel VBA. The program optimizes the Least-Square (LS) objective function to find the best fit. The used optimization algorithm is the Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm (LMA) and it is used because of its robustness and ease of use. This work shows that all methods forecast different EURs and some fit certain simulation cases better than others. In addition, no method can forecast EUR accurately without reaching BDF. Using this work, engineers can choose the best method to forecast EUR after identifying the simulation case that is most analogous to their field wells. The VBA program and the matching procedure presented here can help engineers automate these methods into their forecasting sheets.

Kanfar, Mohammed Sami

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

'Safety Begins with Me' Works toward an Injury-Free Workplace at  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'Safety Begins with Me' Works toward an Injury-Free Workplace 'Safety Begins with Me' Works toward an Injury-Free Workplace at Savannah River Site - Employees embrace high-quality safety awareness campaign 'Safety Begins with Me' Works toward an Injury-Free Workplace at Savannah River Site - Employees embrace high-quality safety awareness campaign February 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis A Savannah River Nuclear Solutions employee hangs one of several “Safety Begins with Me” banners near a Savannah River Site entrance. A Savannah River Nuclear Solutions employee hangs one of several "Safety Begins with Me" banners near a Savannah River Site entrance. A green cross was chosen as the primary symbol for the Savannah River Site’s “Safety Begins with Me” program. A green cross was chosen as the primary symbol for the Savannah River

98

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: July 29, 2013 0: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790: July 29, 2013 States Beginning to Tax Electric Vehicles for Road Use on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #790:

99

'Safety Begins with Me' Works toward an Injury-Free Workplace...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

safety awareness campaign February 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis A Savannah River Nuclear Solutions employee hangs one of several Safety Begins with Me banners...

100

NETL: News Release - DOE Begins 25th Year of University Coal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy's longest running student-teacher research grant program - the Office of Fossil Energy's University Coal Research program - begins its 25th year this week with the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

TRENDS IN AGRICULTURE PRICE DECLINES AND ANALYSIS OF THE CONDITIONALITIES IN THE DECEMBER 2008 WTO AGRICULTURE CHAIR’S TEXT SYNOPSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper begins by highlighting the frequency of price declines experienced by developing countries. It then touches on the use of the price-based Special Safeguard Provision (SSG) by developed countries. The paper then looks at the conditionalities of the WTO Agriculture Chair’s December 2008 text (TN/AG/W/4/Rev.4). These include exclusion of en route shipments from the price-based SSM coverage; the trigger and remedy, and the omission to take into account the value declines in ad valorem duties when prices drop; the cross-check; and the exclusion of preferential trade from SSM coverage. An analysis of these conditionalities is provided. Some of these clauses, if agreed upon, will severely curtail countries ’ ability to invoke the price-based SSM. In addition, once invoked, the remedies, as they are currently drafted, are not likely to be effective in shielding domestic producers from price volatilities.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Decline curve analysis of vapor-dominated reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Geothermal Program activities at the INEEL include a review of the transient and pseudosteady state behavior of production wells in vapor-dominated systems with a focus on The Geysers field. The complicated history of development, infill drilling, injection, and declining turbine inlet pressures makes this field an ideal study area to test new techniques. The production response of a well can be divided into two distinct periods: transient flow followed by pseudo-steady state (depletion). The transient period can be analyzed using analytic equations, while the pseudo-steady state period is analyzed using empirical relationships. Yet by reviewing both periods, a great deal of insight can be gained about the well and reservoir. An example is presented where this approach is used to determine the permeability thickness product, kh, injection and production interference, and estimate the empirical Arps decline parameter b. When the production data is reinitialized (as may be required by interference effects), the kh determined from the new transient period is repeatable. This information can be used for well diagnostics, quantification of injection benefits, and the empirical estimation of remaining steam reserves.

Faulder, D.D.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

Sievers, Eric

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Begin Screen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

If this is the first time you have used this CD, there are a few preferences you need to change in order to get the most effective use of this product. Once completed, you do not...

105

Webinar Series Begins This Month: Issues in Designing the Future Grid |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar Series Begins This Month: Issues in Designing the Future Webinar Series Begins This Month: Issues in Designing the Future Grid Webinar Series Begins This Month: Issues in Designing the Future Grid January 4, 2012 - 9:12am Addthis The Department has funded an effort at the Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) to investigate the requirements of an electric grid with high penetrations of sustainable energy systems and heavy reliance on cyber systems for sensing and communication. The goal of the effort is to stimulate discussion among the academic, industry, and government communities on what it will take to shape the future grid for the mid-21st Century. PSERC is offering a free, public webinar series beginning this month and running through May 2012 entitled "Issues in Designing the Future Grid." The webinars will focus on the information hierarchy for the

106

Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Electric  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Electric Generating Facility Construction Begins on First-of-its-Kind Advanced Clean Coal Electric Generating Facility September 10, 2007 - 3:16pm Addthis ORLANDO, Fla. - Officials representing the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Southern Company, KBR Inc. and the Orlando Utilities Commission (OUC) today broke ground to begin construction of an advanced 285-megawatt integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) facility near Orlando, Fla. The new generating station will be among the cleanest, most efficient coal-fueled power plants in the world. Southern Company will operate the facility through its Southern Power subsidiary, which builds, owns, and manages the company's competitive generation assets. It will be located at OUC's Stanton Energy Center in

107

KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security ... KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move Posted By Office of Public Affairs

108

KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security ... KCP begins one-year countdown for National Security Campus move Posted By Office of Public Affairs

109

Savannah River Site's H Canyon Begins 2012 with New and Continuing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site's H Canyon Begins 2012 with New and Site's H Canyon Begins 2012 with New and Continuing Missions - Transuranic waste remediation, new mission work are the focus of the nation's only active nuclear chemical separations facility in 2012 Savannah River Site's H Canyon Begins 2012 with New and Continuing Missions - Transuranic waste remediation, new mission work are the focus of the nation's only active nuclear chemical separations facility in 2012 January 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis H Canyon, above, and HB-Line are scheduled to soon begin dissolving and purifying plutonium currently stored at the Savannah River Site to demonstrate the capability to produce oxide material that meets the Mixed Oxide Facility (MOX) feedstock specifications. The production process at MOX, which is now under construction, will eventually create fuel pellets for U.S. commercial reactor fuel assemblies.

110

Nuclear outages begin to increase with the start of the fall ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Detroit Edison Electric Company's Fermi unit 2 (1,085 MW capacity) has been operating at a reduced capacity (68%) since the beginning of the year after repairs were ...

111

U.S. energy intensity projected to continue its steady decline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil ... Energy use in homes, ... the role of energy-intensive industries in the United States declined with continuing structural changes ...

112

Decline curve analysis in unconventional resource plays using logistic growth models.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Current models used to forecast production in unconventional oil and gas formations are often not producing valid results. When traditional decline curve analysis models are… (more)

Clark, Aaron James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Regional Competitions Begin for the 22nd Annual National Science Bowl |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Competitions Begin for the 22nd Annual National Science Competitions Begin for the 22nd Annual National Science Bowl Regional Competitions Begin for the 22nd Annual National Science Bowl January 20, 2012 - 2:46pm Addthis Washington D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that the regional competitions of the 22nd Annual U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl will kickoff tomorrow, Saturday, January 21. Thousands of middle and high school students from across the country will face off against one another on a range of science disciplines including biology, chemistry, earth science, physics and astronomy, as well as math, vying for trips to the National Finals in Washington, D.C., which are scheduled for April 26-30, 2012. "To stay competitive in a rapidly advancing world, we must cultivate the

114

Recovery Act Begins Box Remediation Operations at F Canyon | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recovery Act Begins Box Remediation Operations at F Canyon Recovery Act Begins Box Remediation Operations at F Canyon Recovery Act Begins Box Remediation Operations at F Canyon May 17, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Jim Giusti, DOE (803) 952-7697 james-r.giusti@srs.gov Paivi Nettamo, SRNS (803) 646-6075 paivi.nettamo@srs.gov AIKEN, S.C. - The F Canyon box remediation program, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act project at Savannah River Site (SRS), has come online to process legacy transuranic (TRU) waste for off-site shipment and permanent disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), a geological repository in New Mexico. The $40-million facility will process approximately 330 boxes containing TRU waste with a radiological risk higher than seen in the rest of the Site's original 5,000-cubic-meter

115

Energy Department's First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins Today Energy Department's First-Ever "Apps for Energy" Competition Begins Today April 5, 2012 - 2:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Obama Administration's efforts to help consumers save money by saving energy, the Department of Energy's first-ever "Apps for Energy" competition begins today, offering $100,000 in cash prizes. "Apps for Energy" challenges innovative software developers to build new apps - for mobile phones, computers, tablets, software programs and more - that utilize data from major utility companies to help consumers and businesses use less energy and save money. Today, April 5, the Department released the official rules and began accepting submissions for the competition at

116

Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" January 26, 2012 - 10:17am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today invited Americans to vote online for the most innovative and promising start-up companies in the "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" challenge. Voting will end at 8:59 a.m. EST. on Monday, February 6, and the top start-up companies out of the 14 participating - based on the public vote and an expert review - will be invited to be featured at the premier annual gathering of clean energy investors and innovators around the country, the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit, at the end of February. "Through the America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge, we are

117

Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another September 30, 2010 - 3:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Today, September 30th, 2010, marks one of the most critical milestones for the Recovery Act. Not only is it the end of the Federal fiscal year, it's also the deadline stipulated by Recovery Act legislation for the Department to have formally committed all $32.7 billion of our grant and contract funding to clean energy projects. Today, I'm happy to announce that we've done that. What we have executed under the Recovery Act has been unprecedented. Through our competitive review process, we have selected more than 5,000 recipients for $32.7 billion in grants and

118

Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" Online Voting Begins for "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" January 26, 2012 - 10:17am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today invited Americans to vote online for the most innovative and promising start-up companies in the "America's Next Top Energy Innovator" challenge. Voting will end at 8:59 a.m. EST. on Monday, February 6, and the top start-up companies out of the 14 participating - based on the public vote and an expert review - will be invited to be featured at the premier annual gathering of clean energy investors and innovators around the country, the 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit, at the end of February. "Through the America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge, we are

119

First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in West Virginia |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in West Virginia First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in West Virginia First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in West Virginia September 8, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Injection of carbon dioxide (CO2) began today in a first-of-a-kind field trial of enhanced coalbed methane recovery with simultaneous CO2 sequestration in an unmineable coal seam. The ultimate goal of the U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored project is to help mitigate climate change by providing an effective and economic means to permanently store CO2 in unmineable coal seams. CONSOL Energy Inc., West Virginia University, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) are collaborating in the $13 million field trial, located in Marshall County, W.Va. The site was chosen because of its

120

As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins As Auto X Reaches the Finish Line, a New Race Begins September 17, 2010 - 4:20pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs When the Automotive X Prize competition began back in March of 2008, the organizers laid out an ambitious goal: inspire a new generation of viable, safe and super fuel-efficient vehicles capable of achieving 100 miles per gallon or the energy equivalent (MPGe). The response they received was staggering -- 136 vehicle design proposals from teams across the globe, all eager to innovate and set a new standard for energy efficiency. In the two years since the competition was announced, the field thinned through various stages of competition, evaluation and testing. Not content

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing - Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge's largest cleanup project July 21, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Ben Williams http://www.oakridge.doe.gov 865-576-0885 OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Earlier today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began the demolition of Building K-25's east wing. The former uranium enrichment facility, located at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP), was once the world's largest building under one roof, covering more than 44 acres. The project is one of DOE's highest Environmental Management (EM) priorities in Oak Ridge and an integral component to completing

122

Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October September 28, 2009 - 12:26pm Addthis John Lippert The National Solar Tour takes place annually during the first Saturday in October in conjunction with National Energy Awareness Month. Last year close to 140,000 attendees visited some 5,000 solar buildings in 3,000 participating communities. Find the tour nearest you. Initially, the tour began about 20 years ago when a solar retailer and installer in California organized some of its customers and got them to agree to open up their homes once a year to the general public. The owners enjoyed showing off their solar homes to the public, the public was eager to learn about solar technologies, and the solar company drummed up

123

PSERC Webinar Series on the Future Grid Initiative Begins January 22, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PSERC Webinar Series on the Future Grid Initiative Begins January PSERC Webinar Series on the Future Grid Initiative Begins January 22, 2013 PSERC Webinar Series on the Future Grid Initiative Begins January 22, 2013 January 16, 2013 - 4:21pm Addthis The Department has funded an effort at the Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) entitled The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems. The initiative investigates the requirements of an electric grid with high penetrations of sustainable energy systems and heavy reliance on cyber systems for sensing and communication. PSERC is offering a free, public webinar series to present progress reports from the Future Grid Initiative. Two webinars are currently scheduled. January 22, 2013 2-3 pm ET: Electric Energy Challenges of the Future This webinar provides an overview of the accomplishments made on the

124

New gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New gamma-ray observatory begins operations New gamma-ray observatory begins operations New gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. August 21, 2013 The HAWC Observatory taken in August 2013 from the summit of Sierra Negra. The image has been digitally altered to show HAWC as it will appear when construction is complete in 2014. The 111 Cherenkov detectors currently installed (100 Cherenkov detectors in operation) are colored white and located in the upper right quadrant of the array. The HAWC Observatory taken in August 2013 from the summit of Sierra Negra. The image has been digitally altered to show HAWC as it will appear when construction is complete in 2014. The 111 Cherenkov detectors currently

125

Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another Marking the End of One Recovery Act Chapter and the Beginning of Another September 30, 2010 - 3:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Today, September 30th, 2010, marks one of the most critical milestones for the Recovery Act. Not only is it the end of the Federal fiscal year, it's also the deadline stipulated by Recovery Act legislation for the Department to have formally committed all $32.7 billion of our grant and contract funding to clean energy projects. Today, I'm happy to announce that we've done that. What we have executed under the Recovery Act has been unprecedented. Through our competitive review process, we have selected more than 5,000 recipients for $32.7 billion in grants and

126

New Construction Jobs Begin as Argonne Builds New Energy Research Facility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Jobs Begin as Argonne Builds New Energy Research Construction Jobs Begin as Argonne Builds New Energy Research Facility New Construction Jobs Begin as Argonne Builds New Energy Research Facility June 3, 2011 - 2:08pm Addthis Senator Richard Durbin, University of Chicago President Robert Zimmer, Secretary Chu, and Argonne Director Eric Isaacs break ground for the new Energy Sciences Building. | Photo Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Senator Richard Durbin, University of Chicago President Robert Zimmer, Secretary Chu, and Argonne Director Eric Isaacs break ground for the new Energy Sciences Building. | Photo Courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs America has a long tradition of scientific inquiry and breakthroughs. And

127

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative Research Projects February 21, 2012 - 12:18pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced that with support from the Department of Energy, 142 small businesses around the nation are starting work this week on 180 innovative research projects ranging from designing better wind turbines to developing a chemical-free approach to killing bacteria in power plant cooling water and from developing instruments to improve nanomaterials to making new coatings to improve the efficiency of gas turbines. These grants to small businesses - totaling $26.4 million - are developing new energy technologies that

128

Student understanding of quantum mechanics at the beginning of graduate instruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A survey was developed to probe student understanding of quantum mechanics at the beginning of graduate instruction. The survey was administered to 202 physicsgraduate students enrolled in first-year quantum mechanics courses from seven universities at the beginning of the first semester. We also conducted one-on-one interviews with fifteen graduate or advanced undergraduate students who had just completed a course in which all the content on the survey was covered. Although students from some universities performed better on average than others

Chandralekha Singh

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Pesticides and amphibian declines in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pacific chorus frog (Pseudacris regilla) hatchlings were translocated and placed in cages in sites (~2,200 m elevation) located in Lassen, Yosemite, and Sequoia National Parks. DDE was found in 97% of Yosemite National Park samples, 84% in Sequoia National Park samples, and 15% of Lassen Volcanic National Park samples in 2001 and 2002. Total endosulfans were detected in 3% of Sequoia samples, 9% of Lassen samples and 24% of Yosemite samples. Both pesticides were detected in tadpoles and metamorphs raised at the three parks regardless of origin. Because the tadpoles were translocated post hatching, this finding indicates that the pesticides, particularly DDE, were accumulated at the site, instead of through deposition in the egg mass. Liver cells from 108 newly metamorphosed frogs were examined with flow cytometry (FCM) techniques for evaluation of chromosome breakage as measured by the half-peak coefficient of variation (HPCV) of the G1 peak. Regardless of origin, experimental groups raised at Lassen, the reference site, had significantly less chromosomal breakage (p=0.04) than metamorphs raised at the other two parks. This is the first documented evidence of DNA damage in juvenile frogs in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Cholinesterase (ChE) was measured in tadpoles collected at 28 days and in juvenile frogs collected upon metamorphosis. In 2001, ChE activity was significantly higher in animals raised at Lassen (reference site), than at the other two parks, indicating less exposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides. This trend was not observed in 2002, although Sequoia ChE values were consistently lower than the other two parks. Temperatures were significantly different among the three parks for both years (plevels. Survivorship to metamorphosis, days to metamorphosis, snout-vent lengths (SVL), and malformations were evaluated. Animals raised in Sequoia had shorter SVLs, took longer to metamorphose, and had lower survivorship to metamorphosis than in the other two parks (p<0.0001). Effects noted in P. regilla may be magnified in long lived ranid species. These findings may be important in evaluating the overall impact of aerially transported pesticides on declining frog populations in the Sierra Nevada Mountains.

Cowman, Deborah Fay

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

PITTCat+ Search Tips pittcatplus.pitt.edu To begin a search,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PITTCat+ Search Tips pittcatplus.pitt.edu Searching Searching Basics To begin a search, type one or more words in the search box and press ENTER or click the GO button. Capitalization Pittcat+ searches are not case-specific. Searching for e. e. cummings and searching for E. E. Cummings will provide the same

Sibille, Etienne

131

Temperature peaking at beginning of breakdown in 2.45 GHz pulsed off-resonance electron cyclotron resonance ion source hydrogen plasma  

SciTech Connect

An experimental study of temperature and density evolution during breakdown in off-resonance ECR hydrogen plasma is presented. Under square 2.45 GHz microwave excitation pulses with a frequency of 50 Hz and relative high microwave power, unexpected transient temperature peaks that reach 18 eV during 20 {mu}s are reported at very beginning of plasma breakdown. Decays of such peaks reach final stable temperatures of 5 eV at flat top microwave excitation pulse. Evidence of interplay between incoming power and duty cycle giving different kind of plasma parameters evolutions engaged to microwave coupling times is observed. Under relative high power conditions where short microwave coupling times are recorded, high temperature peaks are measured. However, for lower incoming powers and longer coupling times, temperature evolves gradually to a higher final temperature without peaking. On the other hand, the early instant where temperature peaks are observed also suggest a possible connection with preglow processes during breakdown in ECRIS plasmas.

Cortazar, O. D. [Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. E.T.S.I.I., Camilo J. Cela s/n, 13071-C. Real (Spain); Megia-Macias, A.; Vizcaino-de-Julian, A. [E.S.S. Bilbao, Edificio Cosimet, Landabarri 2, 48940-Leioa, Vizcaya (Spain)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #506: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: February 18, 6: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of Highway Fatalities and Injuries is Good News for Safety and Congestion Mitigation to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #506: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of Highway Fatalities and Injuries is Good News for Safety and Congestion Mitigation on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #506: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of Highway Fatalities and Injuries is Good News for Safety and Congestion Mitigation on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #506: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of Highway Fatalities and Injuries is Good News for Safety and Congestion Mitigation on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #506: February 18, 2008 Declining Rate of Highway Fatalities and Injuries is Good News for Safety

133

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid Progress Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid Progress June 13, 2011 - 1:55pm Addthis A 21st Century Grid includes increasing the overall efficiency of our generating, transmission and distribution system to facilitate the growth of renewable energy sources. | Energy Department Image A 21st Century Grid includes increasing the overall efficiency of our generating, transmission and distribution system to facilitate the growth of renewable energy sources. | Energy Department Image Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What does this mean for me? We must have an efficient electricity infrastructure to compete in the global economy.

134

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind Proceed to Presentation Nena Moss InterLab 2005 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington December 16, 2005 About S5, the Presentation Format This presentation uses S5: A simple standards-based slide show system exit federal site . The slide show format is based entirely on XHTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The markup used for the slides is very simple, highly semantic, and completely accessible. Moving through the Presentation You may go straight to a specific slide, or skip forward or backward a certain number of slides. See the complete list of Comprehensive Keyboard Controls. Quick Tips: Advance to the next slide (or move forward an incremental step) by pressing the space bar, the right arrow, the down arrow, the left mouse

135

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid Progress Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning of Smart Grid Progress June 13, 2011 - 1:55pm Addthis A 21st Century Grid includes increasing the overall efficiency of our generating, transmission and distribution system to facilitate the growth of renewable energy sources. | Energy Department Image A 21st Century Grid includes increasing the overall efficiency of our generating, transmission and distribution system to facilitate the growth of renewable energy sources. | Energy Department Image Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy What does this mean for me? We must have an efficient electricity infrastructure to compete in the global economy.

136

A Meeting of International Minds: The Clean Energy Ministerial Begins Today  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Meeting of International Minds: The Clean Energy Ministerial A Meeting of International Minds: The Clean Energy Ministerial Begins Today A Meeting of International Minds: The Clean Energy Ministerial Begins Today April 25, 2012 - 9:46am Addthis Energy Department Secretary Steven Chu in London for the Clean Energy Ministerial. | Photo courtesy Sustainable Energy for All. Energy Department Secretary Steven Chu in London for the Clean Energy Ministerial. | Photo courtesy Sustainable Energy for All. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The Clean Energy Ministerial brings together the world's leading energy decision-makers to advance clean energy technologies. For updates from the annual meeting follow hashtag #CEM3 on Twitter. Today in London, leading energy-decision makers are gathering for the Clean

137

BeginPackage "collectivePack`", "constants`" Modified 27 Jul 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage vRF, bunch current bI, bunch length ¢ , and circumference C." growthRWF::usage ¡ "growthRWF r voltage vRF, bunch current bI, bunch length ¢ , and circumference C." powerRWF::usage ¡ "powerRWF b, synchrotron tune Q, and average ¤ £ function ¤ ." Begin "`Private`" cohQsZLF h_, vRF_, bI_, ¢ _, C_ :¡ 6

Keil, Eberhard

138

DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin February 27, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. DOE's Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), led by Battelle of Columbus, Ohio, began injecting the CO2 this week in the Michigan Basin near Gaylord, Mich., in a deep saline formation, the Silurian-age Bass Island dolomite. The MRCSP is one of seven partnerships

139

U.S. oil imports to decline with rising oil production through...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil imports to decline with rising oil production through 2014 The United States will need fewer oil imports over the next two years because of rising U.S. oil production. The new...

140

Design After Decline: How America Rebuilds Shrinking Cities, by Brent Ryan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. cities such as Detroit, St. Louis, Buffalo, and others.clearance strategies in Detroit, Philadelphia, and otherof economic decline, and Detroit, the central city within a

Wegmann, Jake

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ORISE report shows number of health physics Ph.D.s declined in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE report shows number of health physics Ph.D.s declined in 2009 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 15, 2010 FY10-37 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-Health physics undergraduate degrees increased...

142

Canada Week: Canada is a declining market for U.S. coal ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exports of U.S. coal to Canada have declined in recent years as Canada has reduced its coal-fired electric generation. U.S. coal exports to Canada totaled 3.2 million ...

143

Attribution of Declining Western U.S. Snowpack to Human Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations show snowpack has declined across much of the western United States over the period 1950–99. This reduction has important social and economic implications, as water retained in the snowpack from winter storms forms an important part ...

David W. Pierce; Tim P. Barnett; Hugo G. Hidalgo; Tapash Das; Céline Bonfils; Benjamin D. Santer; Govindasamy Bala; Michael D. Dettinger; Daniel R. Cayan; Art Mirin; Andrew W. Wood; Toru Nozawa

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

A New Series of Rate Decline Relations Based on the Diagnosis of Rate-Time Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The so-called "Arps" rate decline relations are by far the most widely used tool for assessing oil and gas reserves from rate performance. These relations (i.e., the exponential and hyperbolic decline relations) are empirical where the starting point for their derivation is given by the definitions of the "loss ratio" and the "derivative of the loss ratio", where the "loss ratio" is the ratio of rate data to derivative of rate data, and the "derivative of the loss ratio" is the "b-parameter" as defined by Arps [1945]. The primary goal of this work is the interpretation of the b-parameter continuously over time and thus the better understanding of its character. As is shown below we propose "monotonically decreasing functional forms" for the characterization of the b-parameter, in addition to the exponential and hyperbolic rate decline relations, where the b-parameter is assumed to be zero and constant, respectively. The proposed equations are as follow: b(t)=constant (Arps' hyperbolic rate-decline relation), []tbbtb10exp)(-bt= (exponential function), (power-law function), 10)(btbtb=)/(1)(10tbbtb+= (rational function). The corresponding rate decline relation for each case is obtained by solving the differential equation associated with the selected functional for the b-parameter. The next step of this procedure is to test and validate each of the rate decline relations by applying them to various numerical simulation cases (for gas), as well as for field data cases obtained from tight/shale gas reservoirs. Our results indicate that b-parameter is never constant but it changes continuously with time. The ultimate objective of this work is to establish each model as a potential analysis/diagnostic relation. Most of the proposed models yield more realistic estimations of gas reserves in comparison to the traditional Arps' rate decline relations (i.e., the hyperbolic decline) where the reserves estimates are inconsistent and over-estimated. As an example, the rational b-parameter model seems to be the most accurate model in terms of representing the character of rate data; and therefore, should yield more realistic reserves estimates. Illustrative examples are provided for better understanding of each b-parameter rate decline model. The proposed family of rate decline relations was based on the character of the b-parameter computed from the rate-time data and they can be applied to a wide range of data sets, as dictated by the character of rate data.

Boulis, Anastasios

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Questions and Answers - Why do the electron shells begin being named with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the elementsget their symbols? the elements<br>get their symbols? Previous Question (How do the elements get their symbols?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Was "beauty" a quark name they used in the past?) Was "beauty" a quark namethey used in the past? Why do the electron shells begin being named with K, L, M, N, and not with A, B, C? The names of the electron shells come from a fellow named Charles G. Barkla, a spectroscopist who studied the X-rays that are emitted by atoms when they are hit with high energy electrons. He noticed that atoms appeared to emit two types of X-rays. The two types of X-rays differed in energy and Barkla originally called the higher energy X-ray type A and the lower energy X-ray type B. He later renamed these two types K and L since

146

NETL: News Release - Four Industry Teams Begin Quest for Low-Cost,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 8, 2001 August 8, 2001 Four Industry Teams Begin Quest for Low-Cost, Breakthrough Fuel Cell Could Broaden Market Acceptance of "Cutting Edge" Technology Cited in President's Climate Change Policy PITTSBURGH, PA - Four new government-industry projects have been selected as the vanguards of a $500 million, 10-year effort to produce breakthrough fuel cells that will shatter current cost barriers and move the advanced, low-polluting technology into mainstream energy markets. - Technician Examining Planar Fuel Cell Assembly Future fuel cells could be mass- produced from flat, ceramic plates. This configuration is called a "planar" fuel cell. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham today announced that the U.S. Department of Energy has selected proposals from Honeywell, Inc., Torrence,

147

NETL: News Release - First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2009 8, 2009 First-of-a-Kind Sequestration Field Test Begins in West Virginia DOE-Sponsored Test to Evaluate Carbon Storage in Unmineable Coal Seams Washington, D.C. - Injection of carbon dioxide (CO2) began today in a first-of-a-kind field trial of enhanced coalbed methane recovery with simultaneous CO2 sequestration in an unmineable coal seam. The ultimate goal of the U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored project is to help mitigate climate change by providing an effective and economic means to permanently store CO2 in unmineable coal seams. CONSOL Energy Inc., West Virginia University, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) are collaborating in the $13 million field trial, located in Marshall County, W.Va. The site was chosen because of its accessibility, availability, and typical northern Appalachian topography and geology. The project is funded by DOE's Office of Fossil Energy and managed by NETL.

148

Lab obtains approval to begin design on new radioactive waste staging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New radioactive waste staging facility New radioactive waste staging facility Lab obtains approval to begin design on new radioactive waste staging facility The 4-acre complex will include multiple staging buildings plus an operations center and a concrete pad for mobile waste characterization equipment. September 1, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

149

NETL: News Release - Drilling Begins to Evaluate West Virginia Site for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 15, 2003 July 15, 2003 Drilling Begins to Evaluate West Virginia Site for Carbon Sequestration Tests will Determine Region's Capability to Permanently Store CO2 Underground NEW HAVEN, WV - Drilling has begun on a 10,000-foot well to evaluate underground rock layers in New Haven, W. Va., as part of a Department of Energy carbon sequestration research project now underway at the American Electric Power (AEP) Mountaineer plant there. Sequestration, the capture and storage of carbon dioxide produced by burning fossil fuels, is one of several climate change mitigation technologies currently being studied by the Department of Energy (DOE) and scientists worldwide. The goal is to reduce carbon dioxide and other emissions believed to contribute to global climate change in support President Bush's initiatives on national climate change technology.

150

NETL: News Release - DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 27, 2009 February 27, 2009 DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of Carbon Dioxide in Michigan Basin Project Expected to Advance National Carbon Sequestration Program, Create Jobs Washington, DC-Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. MORE INFO Learn more about DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program DOE's Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), led by Battelle of Columbus, Ohio, began injecting the CO2 this week in the

151

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind, InterLab Presentation Resources,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

www.osti.gov www.osti.gov OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind Presentation References Stephen R. Covey. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Steve Krug. Don't Make Me Think. Delorie Software. Lynx Viewer Cameron Moll. Great Home Pages Really Suck. W3C Style Guide. Cool URIs don't change.. Jacob Nielsen. Fighting Linkrot. Andy Clarke. And All That Malarkey. Jacob Nielsen. The Need for Web Design Standards. Google. Webmaster Guidelines. Google. Enterprise Solutions. Case for Search - Public Websites . CssDiscussList. css-discuss Wiki FrontPage. CssDiscussList. The @import Hack. Other Resources Web Site Testing CSE HTML Validator. Colour Contrast Analyser. Vischeck. juicy studio Website Readability Test. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Markup Validation Service. Web Page Analyzer 0.961.

152

Beginning-of-life neutronic analysis of a 3000-MW(t) HTGR  

SciTech Connect

The results of a study of safety-related neutronic characteristics for the beginning-of-life core of a 3000-MW(t) High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor are presented. Emphasis was placed on the temperature-dependent reactivity effects of fuel, moderator, control poisons, and fission products. Other neutronic characteristics studied were gross and local power distributions, neutron kinetics parameters, control rod and other material worths and worth distributions, and the reactivity worth of a selected hypothetical perturbation in the core configuration. The study was performed for the most part using discrete-ordinates transport theory codes and neutron cross sections that were interpolated from a four-parameter nine-group library supplied by the HTGR vendor. A few comparison calculations were also performed using nine-group data generated with an independent cross-section processing code system. Results from the study generally agree well with results reported by the HTGR vendor. (auth)

Vigil, J.C.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The 1995-1996 Decline of R Coronae Borealis - High Resolution Optical Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of high-resolution optical spectra of RCrB acquired before, during, and after its 1995-1996 decline is discussed. All of the components reported from earlier declines are seen. This novel dataset provides new information on these components including several aspects not previously seen in declines of RCrB and other RCBs. In the latter category is the discovery that the decline's onset is marked by distortions of absorption lines of high-excitation lines, and quickly followed by emission in these and in low excitation lines. This 'photospheric trigger' implies that dust causing the decline is formed close to the star. These emission lines fade quickly. After 1995 November 2, low excitation narrow (FWHM ~12 km s-1) emission lines remain. These appear to be a permanent feature, slightly blue-shifted from the systemic velocity, and unaffected by the decline except for a late and slight decrease of flux at minimum light. The location of the warm, dense gas providing these lines is uncertain. Absorption lines unaffected by overlying sharp emission are greatly broadened, weakened, and red-shifted at the faintest magnitudes when scattered light from the star is a greater contributor than direct light transmitted through the fresh soot cloud. A few broad lines are seen at and near minimum light with approxiamately constant flux: prominent among these are the He I triplet series, Na I D, and [N II] lines. These lines are blue-shifted by about 30 km s(-1) relative to the systemic velocity with no change in velocity over the several months for whicht he lines were seen. It is suggested that these lines, especially the He I lines, arise from an accretion disk around an unseen compact companion, which may be a low-mass white dwarf. If so, R CrB is similar to the unusual post-AGB star 89 Her.

N. Kameswara Rao; David L. Lambert; Mark T. Adams; David R. Doss; Guillermo Gonzalez; Artie P. Hatzes; C. Renee James; C. M. Johns-Krull; R. Earle Luck; Gajendra Pandey; Klaus Reinsch; Jocelyn Tomkin; Vincent M. Woolf

1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

154

The Collapse of the Bering Strait Ice Dam and the Abrupt Temperature Rise in the Beginning of the Holocene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the abrupt increase in the oceanic and atmospheric temperature in the Northern Hemisphere at the beginning of the Holocene, approximately 11 000 yr before the present. De Boer and Nof hypothesized that, at that time, the ...

Cathrine Sandal; Doron Nof

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Is Tourism the Solution to Rural Decline? Evaluating the "Promise of Rural Tourism" to Close the Gap between Rhetoric and Practice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Rural areas across the developed world have encountered economic decline due to trends of industrialisation and urbanisation (Lane, 1994). The damaging effects of the declining… (more)

Janecka, Nicola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Steady decline of east Asian monsoon winds, 19692000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steady decline of east Asian monsoon winds, 1969­2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements winter monsoon but strengthen the summer monsoon, because of stronger warming over high-latitude land with the east Asian monsoon has significantly weakened in both winter and summer in the recent three decades

Chang, Chih-Pei

157

The Development and Decline of Hawaii's Skipjack Tuna Fishery CHRISTOFER H. BOGGS and BERT S. KIKKAWA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Development and Decline of Hawaii's Skipjack Tuna Fishery CHRISTOFER H. BOGGS and BERT S. KIKKAWA Introduction Historically, the pole-and-line, live bait fishery for skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, was the largest commercial fishery in Hawaii. Annual pole-and-line landings of skipjack tuna

158

Deterministic and stochastic analyses to quantify the reliability of uncertainty estimates in production decline modeling of shale gas reservoirs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Decline curve analysis seeks to predict the future performance of oil and gas wells by fitting a mathematical function to historical production data and extrapolating… (more)

Johanson, Brent L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Using Decline Map Anlaysis (DMA) to Test Well Completion Influence on Gas Production Decline Curves in Barnett Shale (Denton, Wise, and Tarrant Counties)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increasing interest and focus on unconventional reservoirs is a result of the industry's direction toward exploring alternative energy sources. It is due to the fact that conventional reservoirs are being depleted at a fast pace. Shale gas reservoirs are a very favorable type of energy sources due to their low cost and long-lasting gas supply. In general, according to Ausubel (1996), natural gas serves as a transition stage to move from the current oil-based energy sources to future more stable and environment-friendly ones. By looking through production history in the U.S Historical Production Database, HPDI (2009), we learn that the Barnett Shale reservoir in Newark East Field has been producing since the early 90's and contributing a fraction of the U.S daily gas production. Zhao et al. (2007) estimated the Barnett Shale to be producing 1.97 Bcf/day of gas in 2007. It is considered the most productive unconventional gas shale reservoir in Texas. By 2004 and in terms of annual gas production volume, Pollastro (2007) considered the Barnett Shale as the second largest unconventional gas reservoir in the United States. Many studies have been conducted to understand better the production controls in Barnett Shale. However, this giant shale gas reservoir is still ambiguous. Some parts of this puzzle are still missing. It is not fully clear what makes the Barnett well produce high or low amounts of gas. Barnett operating companies are still trying to answer these questions. This study adds to the Barnett chain of studies. It tests the effects of the following on Barnett gas production in the core area (Denton, Wise, and Tarrant counties): * Barnett gross thickness, including the Forestburg formation that divides Barnett Shale. * Perforation footage. * Perforated zones of Barnett Shale. Instead of testing these parameters on each well production decline curve individually, this study uses a new technique to simplify this process. Decline Map Analysis (DMA) is introduced to measure the effects of these parameters on all production decline curves at the same time. Through this study, Barnett gross thickness and perforation footage are found not to have any definite effects on Barnett gas production. However, zone 3 (Top of Lower Barnett) and zone 1 (Bottom of Lower Barnett) are found to contribute to cumulative production. Zone 2 (Middle of Lower Barnett) and zone 4 (Upper Barnett), on the other hand, did not show any correlation or influence on production through their thicknesses.

Alkassim, Ibrahim

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

ORISE report shows number of health physics Ph.D.s declined in 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE report shows number of health physics Ph.D.s declined in 2009 ORISE report shows number of health physics Ph.D.s declined in 2009 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 15, 2010 FY10-37 OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-Health physics undergraduate degrees increased slightly in 2009 continuing a six-year trend, but doctorate degrees reported a 40-year low, says a report recently released by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. The report also showed the number of M.S. degrees was 21 percent less than in 2008. The ORISE report, Health Physics Enrollments and Degrees Survey, 2009 Data, surveyed 24 academic programs with enrollment and degree data and included students majoring in health physics or in an option program equivalent to a major. According to the survey, a total of 154 health physics B.S., M.S. and Ph.D degrees were earned in 2009.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Reasons for production decline in the diatomite, Belridge oil field: a rock mechanics view  

SciTech Connect

This work summarized research conducted on diatomite cores from the Belridge oil field in Kern County. The study was undertaken to try to explain the rapid decline in oil production in diatomite wells. Characterization of the rock showed that the rock was composed principally of amorphous opaline silica diatoms with only a trace of crystoballite quartz or chert quartz. Physical properties tests showed the diatomite to be of low strength and plastic. Finally, it was established that long-term creep of diatomite into a propped fracture proceeds at a rate of approximately 6 x 10-5 in./day, a phenomenon which may be a primary cause of rapid production declines. The testing program also revealed a matrix stength for the formation of calculated 1325 PSI, a value to consider when depleting the reservoir. This also may help to explain the phase transformation of opal ct at calculated 2000 to 2500 ft depth.

Strickland, F.G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Determination of uncertainty in reserves estimate from analysis of production decline data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysts increasingly have used probabilistic approaches to evaluate the uncertainty in reserves estimates based on a decline curve analysis. This is because the results represent statistical analysis of historical data that usually possess significant amounts of noise. Probabilistic approaches usually provide a distribution of reserves estimates with three confidence levels (P10, P50 and P90) and a corresponding 80% confidence interval. The question arises: how reliable is this 80% confidence interval? In other words, in a large set of analyses, is the true value of reserves contained within this interval 80% of the time? Our investigation indicates that it is common in practice for true values of reserves to lie outside the 80% confidence interval much more than 20% of the time using traditional statistical analyses. This indicates that uncertainty is being underestimated, often significantly. Thus, the challenge in probabilistic reserves estimation using a decline curve analysis is not only how to appropriately characterize probabilistic properties of complex production data sets, but also how to determine and then improve the reliability of the uncertainty quantifications. This thesis presents an improved methodology for probabilistic quantification of reserves estimates using a decline curve analysis and practical application of the methodology to actual individual well decline curves. The application of our proposed new method to 100 oil and gas wells demonstrates that it provides much wider 80% confidence intervals, which contain the true values approximately 80% of the time. In addition, the method yields more accurate P50 values than previously published methods. Thus, the new methodology provides more reliable probabilistic reserves estimation, which has important impacts on economic risk analysis and reservoir management.

Wang, Yuhong

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

EM Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Fiscal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Fiscal Year 2011 EM Occupational Injury and Illness Rates Continued to Decline in Fiscal Year 2011 February 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis This figure shows the downward trends of EM TRC and DART case rates for the last three fiscal years. These three years correspond to the time of substantial increase in work activities in support of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. This figure shows the downward trends of EM TRC and DART case rates for the last three fiscal years. These three years correspond to the time of substantial increase in work activities in support of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. EM’s TRC and DART case cumulative rate trend lines over the past 15 quarters remain well below comparable industries’ TRC and DART Case rates. For benchmark comparison, the Construction Industry and the Waste Management & Remediation Service Industry numbers are selected to best approximate the complex-wide decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), remediation, waste management and facility construction activities contracted by EM

164

Economic Impact of the Florida Clam Culture Industry: 2007 Results From small beginnings in the early 1990s,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impact of the Florida Clam Culture Industry: 2007 Results From small beginnings of the diverse mix of food items produced by the Florida aquaculture industry. The culture pro- cess the industry resides. And aside from the revenue generated by the sale and distribution of market ready clams

Florida, University of

165

CORRELATIONS BETWEEN VAPOR SATURATION, FLUID COMPOSITION, AND WELL DECLINE IN LARDERELLO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large body of field data from Larderello shows striking temporal correlations between decline of well flow-rate, produced gas/steam ratio, chloride concentration and produced vapor fraction. The latter is inferred from measured concentrations of non-condensible gases in samples of well fluid, using chemical phase equilibrium principles. Observed temporal changes in the vapor fractions can be interpreted in term of a ''multiple source'' model, as suggested by D'Amore and Truesdell (1979). This provides clues to the dynamics of reservoir depletion, and to the evaluation of well productivity and longevity.

D'Amore, F.; Pruess, K.

1985-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

166

Reasons for production decline in the diatomite, Belridge oil field: a rock mechanics view  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes research conducted on diatomite cores from the Belridge oil field in Kern County, CA. The study was undertaken to explain the rapid decline in oil production in diatomite wells by investigating three of six possible reasons. Characterization of the rock indicated that the rock was composed of principally amorphous opaline silica diatoms with only a trace of crystoballite quartz or chert quartz. Physical properties tests showed the diatomite to be of very low strength and plastic. It was established that longterm creep of diatomite into a propped fracture proceeds at a rate of approximately 1.5 microns/D (1.5 ..mu..m/d), a phenomenon that may contribute to rapid production declines. Also revealed was a matrix strength for the formation of about 1,325 psi (9136 kPa), a critical value to consider when depleting the reservoir. This also may help to explain the phase transformation to Opal CT around 2,000to 2,500-ft (610- to 762-m) depth.

Strickland, F.G.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S.energy and carbon intensity  

SciTech Connect

A recent (1996-2000) acceleration of declines in energy andcarbon intensity in the U.S. remains largely unexplained. This study usesDivisia decomposition and regression to test two candidate explanations -fuel mix and weather. The Divisia method demonstrates that fuel mix doesnot explain the declines in carbon intensity. The fuel mix, both overalland for electricity generation, became slightly more carbon intensiveover the study period (though the slight trend reversed before the end ofthe period). A regression-based correction to the Divisia indices,accounting for variation in heating- and cooling-degree-days, indicatesthat warmer weather accounts for about 30 percent ofthe total declines.This leaves declines of more than 2 percent per year (and an accelerationof more than 1 percent over previous decade) remaining to beexplained.

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

168

Litterfall 15N Abundance Indicates Declining Soil N Availability in a Free Air CO2-Enrichment Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Change in leaf litterfall d15N over time Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Litterfall 15N Abundance Indicates Declining

169

Determining Reserves in Low Permeability and Layered Reservoirs Using the Minimum Terminal Decline Rate Method: How Good are the Predictions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis evaluates the applicability of forecasting production from low permeability and layered tight gas wells using the Arps hyperbolic equation at earlier times and then switching to the exponential form of the equation at a predetermined minimum decline rate. This methodology is called the minimum terminal decline rate method. Two separate completion types have been analyzed. The first is horizontal completions with multi-stage hydraulic fractures while the second is vertical fractured wells in layered formations, completed with hydraulic fractures. For both completion types both simulated data and real world well performance histories have been evaluated using differing minimum terminal decline rates and the benefit of increasing portions of production history to make predictions. The application of the minimum terminal decline rate method to the simulated data in this study (3 percent minimum decline applied to multiple fractured horizontal wells MFHW- and 7 percent applied to vertical fractured layered wells) gave high errors for some simulations within the first two years. Once additional production data is considered in making predictions, the errors in estimated ultimate recovery and in remaining reserves is significantly reduced. This result provides a note of caution, when using the minimum decline rate method for forecasting using small quantities of production history. The evaluation of real world data using the minimum terminal decline rate method introduces other inaccuracies such as poor data quality, low data frequency, operational changes which affect the production profile and workovers / re-stimulations which require a restart of production forecasting process. Real well data for MFHW comes from the Barnett Shale completions of the type which have been widely utilized since 2004. There is insufficient production history from real wells to determine an appropriate minimum terminal decline rate. In the absence of suitable analogs for the determination of the minimum terminal decline rate it would be impossible to correctly apply this methodology. Real well data for vertical fractured layered wells from the Carthage Cotton Valley field indicate that for wells similar to Conoco operated Panola County wells a feasible decline rate is between 5 percent and 10 percent. Further if a consistent production trend and with more than 2 years of production history are used to forecast, the EUR can be predicted to within plus/minus 10 percent and remaining reserves to within plus/minus 15 percent.

McMillan, Marcia Donna

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Sources of productivity decline in US coal mining, 1972-1977  

SciTech Connect

Following a discussion of coal-mining technology, estimates of production functions for surface and underground coal mines are used to estimate mine productivity, to explain productivity differentials across mines, and to assess the importance of several assumed sources of productivity decline in the industry. While coal-mining techniques and equipment vary substantially between underground and surface mining, the effects of learning-by-doing appear to dominate the resource-exhaustion effects in both. The authors project that detrimental productivity effects of surface mining due to resource extraction will continue to be offset by learning by doing and other positive productivity effects until the year 2003. However, rapid growth of either surface or underground mining will hasten the appearance of detrimental resource-exhaustion effects. 9 references, 8 tables.

Kruvant, W.J. (General Accounting Office, Washington, DC); Moody, C.E. Jr.; Valentine, P.L.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Declining Volatility, a General Property of Disparate Systems: From Fossils, to Stocks, to the Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There may be structural principles pertaining to the general behavior of systems that lead to similarities in a variety of different contexts. Classic examples include the descriptive power of fractals, the importance of surface area to volume constraints, the universality of entropy in systems, and mathematical rules of growth and form. Documenting such overarching principles may represent a rejoinder to the Neodarwinian synthesis that emphasizes adaptation and competition. Instead, these principles could indicate the importance of constraint and structure on form and evolution. Here we document a potential example of a phenomenon suggesting congruent behavior of very different systems. We focus on the notion that universally there has been a tendency for more volatile entities to disappear from systems such that the net volatility in these systems tends to decline. We specifically focus on origination and extinction rates in the marine animal fossil record, the performance of stocks in the stock market, and...

Lieberman, Bruce S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Stolper-Samuelson Effects of a Decline in Aggregate Consumption ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consider an economy in which various types of labor are used to produce consumption, but not all types of labor are useful for upgrading the stock of organization capital—that is, for replacing old projects with more productive new projects. When news induces consumers to want to save more, low-quality projects are destroyed across all sectors of the economy, even though the economy is set to increase its stock of new projects. Labor that can be used to create new projects becomes more expensive and labor that cannot becomes cheap. Average wages may not change at all, and the employment of workers who cannot invest in new projects will decline. If physical capital complements the inputs of these workers, investment in physical capital tends to move together with their employment. These results are derived analytically for a prototype economy that has the essential ingredients of empirically relevant equilibrium models of firm heterogeneity.

Erzo G. J. Luttmer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Bottom-up forcing and the decline of Steller sea lions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Declines of Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) populations in the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska could be a consequence of physical oceanographic changes associated with the 1976--77 climate regime shift. Changes in ocean climate are hypothesized to have affected the quantity, quality, and accessibility of prey, which in turn may have affected the rates of birth and death of sea lions. Recent studies of the spatial and temporal variations in the ocean climate system of the North Pacific support this hypothesis. Ocean climate changes appear to have created adaptive opportunities for various species that are preyed upon by Steller sea lions at mid-trophic levels. The east--west asymmetry of the oceanic response to climate forcing after 1976-- 77 is consistent with both the temporal aspect (populations decreased after the late 1970s) and the spatial aspect of the decline (western, but not eastern, sea lion populations decreased). These broad-scale climate variations appear to be modulated by regionally sensitive biogeographic structures along the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska, which include a transition point from coastal to open-ocean conditions at Samalga Pass westward along the Aleutian Islands. These transition points delineate distinct clusterings of different combinations of prey species, which are in turn correlated with differential population sizes and trajectories of Steller sea lions. Archaeological records spanning 4000 yr further indicate that sea lion populations have experienced major shifts in abundance in the past. Shifts in ocean climate are the most parsimonious underlying explanation for the broad suite of ecosystem changes that have been observed in the North Pacific Ocean in recent decades.

Eumetopias Jubatas In; Andrew W. Trites; Arthur J. Miller; Herbert D. G. Maschner; Michael A; Steven J. Bograd; John A; Antonietta Capotondi; Kenneth O. Coyle; Emanuele Di; Bruce P. Finney; Edward J; Chester E. Grosch; Steven R; Douglas J. Neilson; Stephen R; Katherine L. Reedy-maschner; Thomas C. Royer; Franklin B; Julian X. L. Wang; Arliss J. Winship

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Global p-mode oscillations throughout the complete solar cycle 23 and the beginning of cycle 24  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parameters of the p-mode oscillations vary with solar activity. Such temporal variations provide insights for the study of the structural and dynamical changes occurring in the Sun's interior throughout the solar cycle. We present here a complete picture of the temporal variations of the global p-mode parameters (excitation, damping, frequency, peak asymmetry, and rotational splitting) over the entire solar cycle 23 and the beginning of cycle 24 as observed by the space-based, Sun-as-a-star helioseismic GOLF and VIRGO instruments onboard SoHO.

Salabert, David; Palle, Pere L; Jimenez, Antonio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Natural Gas Organization of Thailand will begin the first phase of its $400-$500 million project  

SciTech Connect

The project consists of collecting, transmitting, and treating facilities for 500-600 million cu ft/day of gas. It will include onshore and offshore pipelines, compressor stations, offshore platforms, a receiving terminal, and gas-treating and processing units to recover propane, butane, and possibly ethane. A large-diameter, 355 mi submarine line will carry gas from offshore fields to onshore facilities at Sattahip, southeast of Bangkok. Treated gas will be transported through a 110 mi onshore line to Bangkok. A letter of intent has been signed with Fluor Corp., which will begin the first phase of the project.

1978-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

176

PRIORITY COMMUNICATION Maternal Stress Beginning in Infancy May Sensitize Children to Later Stress Exposure: Effects on Cortisol and Behavior*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neonatal environment can permanently alter an individual’s responses to stress. To demonstrate a similar phenomenon in humans, we prospectively examined the relationships of maternal stress beginning in infancy and concurrent stress on preschoolers ’ hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity and later mental health symptoms. Methods: Salivary cortisol levels were assessed in 282 4.5-year-old children and 154 of their siblings. Maternal reports of stress were obtained when the children were ages 1, 4, and 12 months, and again at 4.5 years. Children’s mental health symptoms were assessed in first grade. Results: A cross-sectional analysis revealed that preschoolers exposed to high levels of concurrent maternal stress had elevated cortisol levels; however, a longitudinal analysis revealed that concurrently stressed children with elevated cortisol also had a history of high maternal stress exposure in infancy. Importantly, children exposed only to high levels of concurrent or early stress had cortisol levels that did not significantly differ from those never exposed to stress. Further analysis of the components of stress indicated that maternal depression beginning in infancy was the most potent predictor of children’s cortisol. We also found that preschoolers with high cortisol levels exhibited greater mental health symptoms in first grade. Conclusions: These results link the findings of preclinical studies to humans by showing that exposure to early maternal stress may sensitize children’s pituitary-adrenal responses to subsequent stress exposure. Biol Psychiatry 2002;52:776–784 © 2002 Society of Biological Psychiatry

Marilyn J. Essex; Marjorie H. Klein; Eunsuk Cho; Ned H. Kalin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Life begins at 40  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new rule makes nuclear power plant license renewal a viable option. A small group of corporate executives will soon face one of the toughest decisions of their careers-a decision that will affect 17 million American homes. Forty-five commercial nuclear power plants will reach the end of their operating licenses early in the next century. They represent billions of dollars in capital investment, and the companies that own them must decide whether to keep them on the grid or scrap them. But before a company decides whether to pull the plug on a big generating plant, it will have to do some homework. Company executives will have to roll up their sleeves and dig deep into projections of electricity demand, assessments of generating options and cold, hard economics. At the same time, they must keep wary eyes on the political landscape, scanning ahead for roadblocks and quicksand.

Neal, L.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

A Hard-to-Soft State Transition during A Luminosity Decline of Aquila X-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have discovered a spectral transition from the low/hard (LH) state to the high/soft (HS) state when Aquila X-1 was {\\em declining} in observations made with the {\\it Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE)}. The 2--200 keV energy flux corresponding to the state transition is $1.1\\times{10}^{-9} ergs cm^{-2} s^{-1}$, an order of magnitude lower than observed in the past. The 2--200 keV peak flux of the following HS state is $1.6\\times{10}^{-9} ergs cm^{-2} s^{-1}$. The relation between the luminosity of the hard-to-soft state transition and the peak luminosity of the following HS state confirms the linear relation found previously. This implies that the luminosity of the hard-to-soft state transition is not determined solely by the mass accretion rate, but appears to be determined by the peak luminosity of the soft X-ray outburst. We also found that the LH-to-HS state transition occurred at a luminosity similar to that of the corresponding HS-to-LH state transition, i.e., there is no apparent hysteresis. These results provide additional evidence that the mass in the accretion disk affects the luminosity of the hard-to-soft state transition, and that the accretion flow that powers the LH state is related to the accretion flow that powers the HS state at a later time.

Wenfei Yu; Joshua Dolence

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

179

Photonic band gaps in one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals with arbitrary magnetic declination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the properties of photonic band gaps and dispersion relations of one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals composed of dielectric and magnetized plasma layers with arbitrary magnetic declination are theoretically investigated for TM polarized wave based on transfer matrix method. As TM wave propagates in one-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystals, the electromagnetic wave can be divided into two modes due to the influence of Lorentz force. The equations for effective dielectric functions of such two modes are theoretically deduced, and the transfer matrix equation and dispersion relations for TM wave are calculated. The influences of relative dielectric constant, plasma collision frequency, incidence angle, plasma filling factor, the angle between external magnetic field and +z axis, external magnetic field and plasma frequency on transmission, and dispersion relation are investigated, respectively, and some corresponding physical explanations are also given. From the numerical results, it has been shown that plasma collision frequency cannot change the locations of photonic band gaps for both modes, and also does not affect the reflection and transmission magnitudes. The characteristics of photonic band gaps for both modes can be obviously tuned by relative dielectric constant, incidence angle, plasma filling factor, the angle between external magnetic field and +z axis, external magnetic field and plasma frequency, respectively. These results would provide theoretical instructions for designing filters, microcavities, and fibers, etc.

Zhang Haifeng [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Nanjing Artillery Academy, Nanjing 211132 (China); Liu Shaobin [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves of Southeast University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210096 (China); Kong Xiangkun [College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

AN EXPONENTIAL DECLINE AT THE BRIGHT END OF THE z = 6 GALAXY LUMINOSITY FUNCTION  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for the most luminous star-forming galaxies at redshifts z Almost-Equal-To 6 based on Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey data. We identify a sample of 40 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) brighter than magnitude z' = 25.3 across an area of almost 4 deg{sup 2}. Sensitive spectroscopic observations of seven galaxies provide redshifts for four, of which only two have moderate to strong Ly{alpha} emission lines. All four have clear continuum breaks in their spectra. Approximately half of the LBGs are spatially resolved in 0.7 arcsec seeing images, indicating larger sizes than lower luminosity galaxies discovered with the Hubble Space Telescope, possibly due to ongoing mergers. The stacked optical and infrared photometry is consistent with a galaxy model with stellar mass {approx}10{sup 10} M{sub Sun }. There is strong evidence for substantial dust reddening with a best-fit A{sub V} = 0.75 and A{sub V} > 0.48 at 2{sigma} confidence, in contrast to the typical dust-free galaxies of lower luminosity at this epoch. The spatial extent and spectral energy distribution suggest that the most luminous z Almost-Equal-To 6 galaxies are undergoing merger-induced starbursts. The luminosity function of z = 5.9 star-forming galaxies is derived. This agrees well with previous work and shows strong evidence for an exponential decline at the bright end, indicating that the feedback processes that govern the shape of the bright end are occurring effectively at this epoch.

Willott, Chris J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council, 5071 West Saanich Rd, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); McLure, Ross J.; Bruce, Victoria A. [SUPA Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom); Hibon, Pascale [Gemini Observatory, Gemini South, AURA/Chile, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Bielby, Richard [Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); McCracken, Henry J. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Kneib, Jean-Paul; Ilbert, Olivier [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Universite Aix-Marseille, 38 Rue Frederic Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille (France); Bonfield, David G.; Jarvis, Matt J., E-mail: chris.willott@nrc.ca [Centre for Astrophysics, Science and Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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181

0 It is observed in Fig. 1-9 that the rate of decline in steam temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;0 0 v) 0 0 0 0 c3 cy n 3 v) d 0 0 23 #12;It is observed in Fig. 1-9 that the rate of decline in steam the saturated two-phase temperatute) indicates the degree of superheating of the steam that took place. In the two-phase regime, the measured steam/water temperatures were uniform, generally within the estimated

Stanford University

182

Shale Webinar Series to Start September 13th The Penn State Marcellus Education Team will be offering a new monthly Shale webinar series beginning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shale Webinar Series to Start September 13th The Penn State Marcellus Education Team will be offering a new monthly Shale webinar series beginning Thursday, September 13th from 1:00 to 2:00 PM. Tom the series with an overview of trends and updates on shale development. Tom will provide an analysis of shale

183

Response of the Wintertime Northern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation to Current and Projected Arctic Sea Ice Decline: A Numerical Study with CAM5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wintertime Northern Hemisphere (NH) atmospheric circulation response to current (2007–12) and projected (2080–99) Arctic sea ice decline is examined with the latest version of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM5). The numerical experiments ...

Yannick Peings; Gudrun Magnusdottir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

An American Perspective on British Higher Education: The Decline of Diversity, Autonomy and Trust in Post-war British Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perspective on British Higher Education: The Decline ofTrust in Post-war British Higher Education 1 Martin Trow TheCenter for Studies in Higher Education UC Berkeley, CA 94720

Trow, Martin A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Using Decline Curve Analysis, Volumetric Analysis, and Bayesian Methodology to Quantify Uncertainty in Shale Gas Reserve Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic decline curve analysis (PDCA) methods have been developed to quantify uncertainty in production forecasts and reserves estimates. However, the application of PDCA in shale gas reservoirs is relatively new. Limited work has been done on the performance of PDCA methods when the available production data are limited. In addition, PDCA methods have often been coupled with Arp’s equations, which might not be the optimum decline curve analysis model (DCA) to use, as new DCA models for shale reservoirs have been developed. Also, decline curve methods are based on production data only and do not by themselves incorporate other types of information, such as volumetric data. My research objective was to integrate volumetric information with PDCA methods and DCA models to reliably quantify the uncertainty in production forecasts from hydraulically fractured horizontal shale gas wells, regardless of the stage of depletion. In this work, hindcasts of multiple DCA models coupled to different probabilistic methods were performed to determine the reliability of the probabilistic DCA methods. In a hindcast, only a portion of the historical data is matched; predictions are made for the remainder of the historical period and compared to the actual historical production. Most of the DCA models were well calibrated visually when used with an appropriate probabilistic method, regardless of the amount of production data available to match. Volumetric assessments, used as prior information, were incorporated to further enhance the calibration of production forecasts and reserves estimates when using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) as the PDCA method and the logistic growth DCA model. The proposed combination of the MCMC PDCA method, the logistic growth DCA model, and use of volumetric data provides an integrated procedure to reliably quantify the uncertainty in production forecasts and reserves estimates in shale gas reservoirs. Reliable quantification of uncertainty should yield more reliable expected values of reserves estimates, as well as more reliable assessment of upside and downside potential. This can be particularly valuable early in the development of a play, because decisions regarding continued development are based to a large degree on production forecasts and reserves estimates for early wells in the play.

Gonzalez Jimenez, Raul 1988-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Are Returns to Education on the Decline in Venezuela and Does Mission Sucre Have a Role to Play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anecdotal evidence points to a falling standard of living for the educated in Venezuela. During this same period, President Hugo Chávez implemented several education reforms. We focus on a major university education reform known as Mission Sucre and its potential impact on returns to university education. First, we show that returns to education decreased significantly in Venezuela from 2002 to 2008. Subsequently, we explore the impact of the program on nonprogram participants and provide evidence that a substantial part of the falling returns at the tertiary level can be linked to Mission Sucre. Our results suggest that the reform created a negative externality on students who did not participate in the program, leading to a 2.7 percentage point decline in returns to university education for non-Mission Sucre students in the 23-28 age cohort.

Naihobe Gonzalez; Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Gradual Reawakening: Broadacre City and a New American Agrarianism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky. Squires,Land. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. Wright, Frankby Norman Wir. The University Press of Kentucky. Broadway,

Wise, Ella

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Design for decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The turn of the millennium has been marked by global economic and environmental instability. Sustainability has emerged as the prevailing response to the destabilizing nature of unchecked growth and shortsighted planning; ...

Guignon, Christopher Tohru

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Preparing for climate change: major changes in global climate are virtually certain by the mid-21st century; researchers are beginning to explore ways we can adapt  

SciTech Connect

Major changes in the global climate are virtually certain by the mid-21st century due to the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Researchers are beginning to explore ways we can adopt. Scientist have long known that human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, are artificially increasing the volume of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere. This increase will eventually make the planet the hottest it has been in history. What remains controversial about the greenhouse effect is the rate of this global warming, its regional distribution, and most of all, what to do about the problem.

Tangley, L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Beginning Microsoft Visual C# 2008 (Wrox Beginning Guides)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The book is aimed at novice programmers who wish to learn programming with C# and the .NET framework. The book starts with absolute programming basics. It then moves into Web and Windows programming, data access (databases and XML), and more advanced ...

Karli Watson; Christian Nagel; Jacob Hammer Pedersen; Jon D. Reid; Morgan Skinner; Eric White

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Operations start and shipments begin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

problems encountered during the attempts to start up the calutrons. The first shipment of uranium 235 (200 grams of 12% enrichment) from Y-12 in March, 1944, proved that the...

192

MSS generic model: a beginning  

SciTech Connect

To improve communications and understanding in the field of Mass Storage Systems (MSS), the need exists to formalize the definitions and concepts of MSS. This presentation gives MSS definitions followed by the development of a generic model for MSS.

Collins, W.; Miller, S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Los Alamos National Laboratory begins  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

will select a final remedy after input from the public. The chromium originated from cooling towers at a Laboratory power plant and was released from 1956 to 1972. At that...

194

Effects of Cougar Predation and Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Declines in the IM Province of the Columbia Basin, Annual Report 2002-2003.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Construction of the Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams has resulted in inundation and loss of 29,125 total habitat units for mule deer and irrigation agriculture in many parts the Intermountain Province (IM) of the Columbia Basin. Mule deer in the Shrub-Steppe are ranked high priority target species for mitigation and management and are declining in most portions of the sub basins of the IM. Reasons for the decline are unknown but believed to be related to habitat changes resulting from dams and irrigation agriculture. White-tailed deer are believed to be increasing throughout the basin because of habitat changes brought about by the dams and irrigation agriculture. Recent research (1997-2000) in the NE IM and adjacent Canadian portions of the Columbia Basin (conducted by this author and funded by the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program B.C.), suggest that the increasing white-tailed deer populations (because of dams and irrigation agriculture) are resulting in increased predation by cougars on mule deer (apparent competition or alternate prey hypothesis). The apparent competition hypothesis predicts that as alternate prey (white-tailed deer) densities increase, so do densities of predators, resulting in increased incidental predation on sympatric native prey (mule deer). Apparent competition can result in population declines and even extirpation of native prey in some cases. Such a phenomenon may account for declines of mule deer in the IM and throughout arid and semi-arid West where irrigation agriculture is practiced. We will test the apparent competition hypothesis by conducting a controlled, replicated 'press' experiment in at least 2 treatment and 2 control areas of the IM sub basins by reducing densities of white-tailed deer and observing any changes in cougar predation on mule deer. Deer densities will be monitored by WADFW personnel using annual aerial surveys and/or other trend indices. Predation rates and population growth rates of deer will be determined using radio telemetry. Changes in cougar functional (kills/unit time), aggregative (cougars/unit area), numerical (offspring/cougar), and total (predation rate) responses on deer will also be monitored using radio telemetry. The experiment will be conducted and completed over a period of 5 years. Results will be used to determine the cause and try to halt the mule deer population declines. Results will also guide deer mitigation and management in the IM and throughout the North American West.

Wielgus, Robert; Shipley, Lisa; Myers, Woodrow

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Effects of Cougar Predation and Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Declines in the Intermountain Province of the Columbia Basin, 2001-2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Construction of the Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams has resulted in inundation and loss of 29,125 total habitat units for mule deer and irrigation agriculture in many parts the Intermountain Province (IM) of the Columbia Basin. Mule deer in the Shrub-Steppe are ranked high priority target species for mitigation and management and are declining in most portions of the subbasins of the IM. Reasons for the decline are unknown but believed to be related to habitat changes resulting from dams and irrigation agriculture. White-tailed deer are not ranked as target species and are believed to be increasing throughout the basin because of habitat changes brought about by the dams and irrigation agriculture. Recent research (1997-2000) in the NE IM and adjacent Canadian portions of the Columbia Basin (conducted by this author and funded by the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program B.C.), suggest that the increasing white-tailed deer populations (because of dams and irrigation agriculture) are resulting in increased predation by cougars on mule deer (apparent competition or alternate prey hypothesis). The apparent competition hypothesis predicts that as alternate prey (white-tailed deer) densities increase, so do densities of predators, resulting in increased incidental predation on sympatric native prey (mule deer). Apparent competition can result in population declines and even extirpation of native prey in some cases. Such a phenomenon may account for declines of mule deer in the IM and throughout arid and semi-arid West where irrigation agriculture is practiced. We will test the apparent competition hypothesis by conducting a controlled, replicated ''press'' experiment in at least 2 treatment and 2 control areas of the IM subbasins by reducing densities of white-tailed deer and observing any changes in cougar predation on mule deer. Deer densities will be monitored by WADFW personnel using annual aerial surveys and/or other trend indices. Predation rates and population growth rates of deer will be determined using radio telemetry. Changes in cougar functional (kills/unit time), aggregative (cougars/unit area), numerical (offspring/cougar), and total (predation rate) responses on deer will also be monitored using radio telemetry. The experiment will be conducted and completed over a period of 5 years. Results will be used to determine the cause and try to halt the mule deer population declines. Results will also guide deer mitigation and management in the IM and throughout the North American West.

Wielgus, Robert B.; Shipley, Lisa

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Stretched Exponential Decline Model as a Probabilistic and Deterministic Tool for Production Forecasting and Reserve Estimation in Oil and Gas Shales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today everyone seems to agree that ultra-low permeability and shale reservoirs have become the potentials to transform North America's oil and gas industry to a new phase. Unfortunately, transient flow is of long duration (perhaps life of the well) in ultra-low permeability reservoirs, and traditional decline curve analysis (DCA) models can lead to significantly over-optimistic production forecasts without additional safeguards. Stretched Exponential decline model (SEDM) gives considerably more stabilized production forecast than traditional DCA models and in this work it is shown that it produces unchanging EUR forecasts after only two-three years of production data are available in selected reservoirs, notably the Barnett Shale. For an individual well, the SEDM model parameters, can be determined by the method of least squares in various ways, but the inherent nonlinear character of the least squares problem cannot be bypassed. To assure a unique solution to the parameter estimation problem, this work suggests a physics-based regularization approach, based on critical velocity concept. Applied to selected Barnett Shale gas wells, the suggested method leads to reliable and consistent EURs. To further understand the interaction of the different fracture properties on reservoir response and production decline curve behavior, a series of Discrete Fracture Network (DFN) simulations were performed. Results show that at least a 3-layer model is required to reproduce the decline behavior as captured in the published SEDM parameters for Barnett Shale. Further, DFN modeling implies a large number of parameters like fracture density and fracture length are in such a way that their effect can be compensated by the other one. The results of DFN modeling of several Barnett Shale horizontal wells, with numerous fracture stages, showed a very good agreement with the estimated SEDM model for the same wells. Estimation of P90 reserves that meet SEC criteria is required by law for all companies that raise capital in the United States. Estimation of P50 and P10 reserves that meet SPE/WPC/AAPG/SPEE Petroleum Resources Management System (PRMS) criteria is important for internal resource inventories for most companies. In this work a systematic methodology was developed to quantify the range of uncertainty in production forecast using SEDM. This methodology can be used as a probabilistic tool to quantify P90, P50, and P10 reserves and hence might provide one possible way to satisfy the various legal and technical-society-suggested criteria.

Akbarnejad Nesheli, Babak

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

American passenger train in the motor age: archival and econometric analyses of explanations for the decline in California, 1910-1941  

SciTech Connect

By analyzing the welfare consequences of passenger train service decisions in California, this dissertation addresses the question of whether the auto's eclipse of the American passenger train was in the public interest. Its thesis is that institutions supplying service failed to fully exploit passenger rail technology's welfare potential. The thesis is examined by testing the validity of four major explanations scholars have developed for the decline of the American train. Explanations are evaluated against archival and econometric analysis of primary sources. These sources focus on railroad passenger service in California, although the econometric analysis of demand examines the East Coast, as well. The study only partially unholds the thesis. Consumer choice accounted for a larger component of the decline than implied in the thesis. Most pre-auto rail demand in California was associated with rural areas; that remaining in the 1930's was mostly between large cities located close to each other and to a lesser extent those far apart. There were few such markets in California. However, after 1933 consumers increasingly demanded improved trains between large cities, and California's railroads succeeded in building a new traffic base centered on the long-distance train.

Thompson, G.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Refinery, petrochemical plant injuries decline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Petroleum Refiners Association (NPRA) reports a 7% reduction in workplace injury and illness incidence rates for refineries in 1993, and a 21% decrease for petrochemical plants. The report summarizes data from 135 of the 162 US member refineries, and 117 of the 172 US member petrochemical plants. This paper summarizes the report findings.

Not Available

1994-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

199

Emerging factors associated with the decline of a gray fox population and multi-scale land cover associations of mesopredators in the Chicago metropolitan area.  

SciTech Connect

Statewide surveys of furbearers in Illinois indicate gray (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and red (Vulpes vulpes) foxes have experienced substantial declines in relative abundance, whereas other species such as raccoons (Procyon lotor) and coyotes (Canis latrans) have exhibited dramatic increases during the same time period. The cause of the declines of gray and red foxes has not been identified, and the current status of gray foxes remains uncertain. Therefore, I conducted a large-scale predator survey and tracked radiocollared gray foxes from 2004 to 2007 in order to determine the distribution, survival, cause-specific mortality sources and land cover associations of gray foxes in an urbanized region of northeastern Illinois, and examined the relationships between the occurrence of gray fox and the presence other species of mesopredators, specifically coyotes and raccoons. Although generalist mesopredators are common and can reach high densities in many urban areas their urban ecology is poorly understood due to their secretive nature and wariness of humans. Understanding how mesopredators utilize urbanized landscapes can be useful in the management and control of disease outbreaks, mitigation of nuisance wildlife issues, and gaining insight into how mesopredators shape wildlife communities in highly fragmented areas. I examined habitat associations of raccoons, opossums (Didelphis virginiana), domestic cats (Felis catus), coyotes, foxes (gray and red), and striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) at multiple spatial scales in an urban environment. Gray fox occurrence was rare and widely dispersed, and survival estimates were similar to other studies. Gray fox occurrence was negatively associated with natural and semi-natural land cover types. Fox home range size increased with increasing urban development suggesting that foxes may be negatively influenced by urbanization. Gray fox occurrence was not associated with coyote or raccoon presence. However, spatial avoidance and mortality due to coyote predation was documented and disease was a major mortality source for foxes. The declining relative abundance of gray fox in Illinois is likely a result of a combination of factors. Assessment of habitat associations indicated that urban mesopredators, particularly coyotes and foxes, perceived the landscape as relatively homogeneous and that urban mesopredators interacted with the environment at scales larger than that accommodated by remnant habitat patches. Coyote and fox presence was found to be associated with a high degree of urban development at large and intermediate spatial scales. However, at a small spatial scale fox presence was associated with high density urban land cover whereas coyote presence was associated with urban development with increased forest cover. Urban habitats can offer a diversity of prey items and anthropogenic resources and natural land cover could offer coyotes daytime resting opportunities in urban areas where they may not be as tolerated as smaller foxes. Raccoons and opossums were found to utilize moderately developed landscapes with interspersed natural and semi-natural land covers at a large spatial scale, which may facilitate dispersal movements. At intermediate and small spatial scales, both species were found to utilize areas that were moderately developed and included forested land cover. These results indicated that raccoons and opossums used natural areas in proximity to anthropogenic resources. At a large spatial scale, skunk presence was associated with highly developed landscapes with interspersed natural and semi-natural land covers. This may indicate that skunks perceived the urban matrix as more homogeneous than raccoons or opossums. At an intermediate spatial scale skunks were associated with moderate levels of development and increased forest cover, which indicated that they might utilize natural land cover in proximity to human-dominated land cover. At the smallest spatial scale skunk presence was associated with forested land cover surrounded by a suburban matrix. Compared to raccoon

Willingham, Alison N.; /Ohio State U.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Y-12's second era begins  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Soviets that something was amiss was the total lack of publications regarding nuclear fission from the United States and Great Britain. Even though Stalin agreed to start a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

CWI begins exhuming waste from Pit 9  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

outside of Idaho. The waste was generated during nuclear weapons production at the Rocky Flats Plant near Denver, Colorado, and was buried in Pit 9 from 1967 to 1969. In 2004,...

202

3E Plus Module Begin Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.0d 6/12/2002 STEAM DISTRIBUTION, END USE, RECOVERY OPERATING PRACTICES OPTIONS FOR REDUCING: Insulation Distribution/End Use/Recovery 20 5 STEAM LEAKS LK1: Steam Leaks Severity of the Steam System Tool Suite's 3E Plus Insulation Tool. Slide 2: This tool is one of the Steam System Tool

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

203

Biofuels: The End of the Beginning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, MS&T'10 Plenary Session. Presentation Title, Biofuels: The End of the ...

204

Beginning Visual Basic 2010, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is designed to teach you how to write useful programs in Visual Basic 2010 as quickly and easily as possible. There are two kinds of beginners for whom this book is ideal: You're a beginner to programming and you've chosen Visual Basic 2010 ...

Thearon Willis; Bryan Newsome

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Mathematical Reliability Theory: From The Beginning to . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that the mathematical theory of reliability as a separate discipline began in 1961 with the publication of Multi-component systems and their structures and their reliability by Birnbaum, Esary and Saunders. Prior to this time, mathematicians were just applying standard mathematical techniques such as queueing theory, statistics and probability to engineering reliability problems. We

Richard E. Barlow

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Metric Week Begins 10/10/10!  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Begun by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics on May 10, 1976, approximately one year after the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 ...

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

Food for Thought: Good Nutrition Begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at home are often lower in calories, sodium, and saturated fat when compared to commercially prepared advantage of parchment paper and foil. You can make packets with chicken or fish, vegetables and season creative ways to use leftovers. For example, if you have roasted chicken and potatoes one night... l Use

Rau, Don C.

208

Laboratory begins environmental sampling in townsite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that have been or could have been affected by Laboratory operations from the days of the Manhattan Project to the early 1970s. September 25, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory...

209

Phase Diagrams - The Beginning of Wisdom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is given by the competition between thermodynamic and nucleation barrier for secondary phase selection. ... Thermodynamic Assessment of Pu-based Alloys.

210

The Mythical Beginnings of Intellectual Property  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

describing Boston Prof’l Hockey Ass’n, Inc. v. Dallas Cap &Inc. , where the mark (professional hockey team logo) refersnot to the professional hockey team but “the consumer

Silbey, Jessica M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Story Understanding: the Beginning of a Consensus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is written for an Area Examination on the three papers: "A Framed PAINTING: The Representation of a Common Sense Knowledge Fragment" by Eugene Charniak, "Reporter: An Intelligent Noticer" by Steve Rosenberg, and ...

McDonald, David D.

212

"In A Beginning..." Quantum Cosmology and Kabbalah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

terms are helpful to our account is that they bind together the search #12;for truth with the search creativity. This sparkpoint we name "Hokhmah," a kabbalistic term whose choice we will explain later. Hokhmah of the unknowable God's infinite potential to create--to enter into some relationship with our universe. The second

California at Santa Cruz, University of

213

The Rise and Decline of U.S. Private Sector Investments in Energy R&D since the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents two distinct datasets that describe investments in energy research and development (R&D) by the US private sector since the mid1970s, which is when the US government began to systematically collect these data. The first dataset is based upon a broad survey of more than 20,000 firms’ industrial R&D activities. This broad survey of US industry is coordinated by the US National Science Foundation. The second dataset discussed here is a much narrower accounting of the energy R&D activities of the approximately two dozen largest US oil and gas companies conducted by the US Department of Energy’s Energy Information Agency. Even given the large disparity in the breadth and scope of these two surveys of the private sector’s support for energy R&D, both datasets tell the same story in terms of the broad outlines of the private sector’s investments in energy R&D since the mid 1970s. The broad outlines of the US private sector’s support for energy R&D since the mid 1970s is: (1) In the immediate aftermath of the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973, there is a large surge in US private sector investments in energy R&D that peaked in the period between 1980 and 1982 at approximately $3.7 billion to $6.7 billion per year (in inflation adjusted 2010 US dollars) depending upon which survey is used (2) Private sector investments in energy R&D declined from this peak until bottoming out at approximately $1.8 billion to $1 billion per year in 1999; (3) US private sector support for energy R&D has recovered somewhat over the past decade and stands at $2.2 billion to $3.4 billion. Both data sets indicate that the US private sector’s support for energy R&D has been and remains dominated by fossil energy R&D and in particular R&D related to the needs of the oil and gas industry.

Dooley, James J.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

The Shadow of God and the Hidden Imam: Religion, Political Order and Societal Change in Shi'ite Iran From the Beginning to 1890. By Said A. Arjomand. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. Pp. xii -I- 356. Notes, references, index. $28.00.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Societal Change in Shi'ite Iran From the Beginning to 1890.by the Safavid dynasty as Iran's state religion the indiscus- sion of Safavid Iran. His characterization of

Newman, Andrew

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

MOLECULAR SIEVING ACTION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE DURING GRADUAL OSMOTIC HEMOLYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.IM NaCI Human CO-Hb, Mouse IM ::: iodoacetamide BALBI cJ+ 1M BALBI cJ - 1M C3H/HeJ + 1M C3H/HeJ - 1M DBA/2J + 1M

MacGregor II, R.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

MOLECULAR SIEVING ACTION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE DURING GRADUAL OSMOTIC HEMOLYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reynaers, H. , 1966. Molecular properties of hemoglobin.Britten, 1973. Comment on the Molecular basis of fluidity inand N. Tara, 1970. of molecular crystals: the liquid

MacGregor II, R.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Do Industries Lead the Stock Market? Gradual Diffusion of Information and Cross-Asset Return Predictability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reaction of the market to information industry returns aboutindicate that the market incorporates information containedthat the market is widely followed and information contained

Hong, Harrison; Torous, Walter; Valkanov, Rossen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

ProfessorJ: a gradual introduction to Java through language levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the second-semester programming course at the University of Utah, we have observed that our students suffer unnecessarily from a mismatch between the course content and the programming environment. The course is typical, in that it exposes students ...

Kathryn E. Gray; Matthew Flatt

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Water Research Consortium U.S. Department of Energy Grant Award Number DE-FG02-05ER64132 Final Technical Report For Period Beginning: 15 September 2005 And Ending: 31 December 2009 Report Date: 16 March 2010  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the INRA Water Research Consortium (IWRC) for the period beginning September 15, 2005 and ending December 16, 2010. This report compares accomplishments to project objectives, documents the activities associated with this project, and lists products developed during the course of the project. The Water Resources Research Needs Assessment team received funding from the Inland Northwest Research Alliance Water Resources Steering Committee to facilitate a structured needs assessment process that could provide a basis for future targeted research efforts to improve regional water resources management in the Inland Northwest region. The original INRA proposal specifically mentions the need to conduct a detailed assessment of the information and research needs of policy makers and water user groups during a period of increasing competition for scarce water supplies. A particular focus of this assessment would be to understand what types of research might facilitate water resource management during periods of drought. The specific goals of the Needs Assessment project were to: (1) Quickly ascertain the perceptions of diverse stakeholders in this region; (2) Condense this complex information into a format that can be shared with the INRA scientific panel, and (3) Develop of a realistic set of research needs & priorities that can shape future INRA-funded research activities.

Steven R. Billingsley

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

220

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998 ... gas prices gradually declining after the winter heating . ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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221

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

context, defined as the average, +- 2 standard deviations). EIA's forecast has natural gas prices gradually declining after the winter heating season, but still remaining high...

222

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil/Liquids from Executive Summary Oil/Liquids from Executive Summary Oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises over the next decade, leading to a reduction in net import dependence figure data Crude oil production has increased since 2008, reversing a decline that began in 1986. From 5.0 million barrels per day in 2008, U.S. crude oil production increased to 6.5 million barrels per day in 2012. Improvements in advanced crude oil production technologies continues to lift domestic supply, with domestic production of crude oil increasing in the Reference case before declining gradually beginning in 2020 for the remainder of the projection period. The projected growth results largely from a significant increase in onshore crude oil production, particularly from shale and other

223

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil/Liquids from Executive Summary Oil/Liquids from Executive Summary Oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises over the next decade, leading to a reduction in net import dependence figure data Crude oil production has increased since 2008, reversing a decline that began in 1986. From 5.0 million barrels per day in 2008, U.S. crude oil production increased to 6.5 million barrels per day in 2012. Improvements in advanced crude oil production technologies continues to lift domestic supply, with domestic production of crude oil increasing in the Reference case before declining gradually beginning in 2020 for the remainder of the projection period. The projected growth results largely from a significant increase in onshore crude oil production, particularly from shale and other

224

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Executive Summary International Executive Summary Oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises over the next decade, leading to a reduction in net import dependence Crude oil production has increased since 2008, reversing a decline that began in 1986. From 5.0 million barrels per day in 2008, U.S. crude oil production increased to 6.5 million barrels per day in 2012. Improvements in advanced crude oil production technologies continues to lift domestic supply, with domestic production of crude oil increasing in the Reference case before declining gradually beginning in 2020 for the remainder of the projection period. The projected growth results largely from a significant increase in onshore crude oil production, particularly from shale and other tight formations, which has been spurred by technological advances and

225

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Executive Summary International Executive Summary Oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises over the next decade, leading to a reduction in net import dependence Crude oil production has increased since 2008, reversing a decline that began in 1986. From 5.0 million barrels per day in 2008, U.S. crude oil production increased to 6.5 million barrels per day in 2012. Improvements in advanced crude oil production technologies continues to lift domestic supply, with domestic production of crude oil increasing in the Reference case before declining gradually beginning in 2020 for the remainder of the projection period. The projected growth results largely from a significant increase in onshore crude oil production, particularly from shale and other tight formations, which has been spurred by technological advances and

226

DECLINING MOUNTAIN SNOWPACK IN WESTERN NORTH AMERICA*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In western North America, snow provides crucial storage of winter precipitation, effectively transferring water from the relatively wet winter season to the typically dry summers. Manual and telemetered measurements of spring snow-pack, ...

Philip W. Mote; Alan F. Hamlet; Martyn P. Clark; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... like three-way bulbs and appliance bulbs, are exempted from congressionally-legislated energy efficiency standards.

228

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... This effect points to broader lighting market transformation beyond the target of the original legislation, ...

229

Soil fertility decline: Definitions and assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In permanent agricultural systems, soil fertility is maintained through applications of manure, other organic materials, inorganic fertilizers, lime, the inclusion of legumes in the cropping systems, or a combination of

Alfred E. Hartemink

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

NETL: News Release - Slowing America's Oil Decline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office in Tulsa, OK, selected the first six projects in its PUMP program - a new oil technology transfer initiative that stands for Preferred Upstream Management...

231

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

since the Cold War, nuclear power plants are being plannedthe fuel used in nuclear power plants is almost completelya mere 43% believe that more nuclear power plants should be

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory Commission (2012). NRC: Nuclear Security andRegulatory Commission (2013). NRC: New Reactors. nrc.gov.Regulatory Commission [US NRC], 2012). The NRC mandates

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Analysis of Production Decline in Geothermal Reservoirs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data and analysis methods were gathered from the petroleum, geothermal, and hydrological literature. The data sets examined include: Wairakei, New Zealand -141 wells; Cerro Prieto, Mexico - 18 wells; The Geysers, USA - 27 wells; Larderello, Italy - 9 wells and groups; Matsukawa and Otake, Japan - 8 wells; and Olkaria, Kenya - 1 well. The analysis methods tested were; Arps's equations, Fetkovich type curves, Slider's method for Arps, Gentry's method for Arps, Gentry's and McCray's method, other type curves, P/z vs. Q method, Coats' influence function method, and Bodvarsson's Linearized Free Surface Green's Function method. The conclusions are: (1) The exponential equation fit is satisfactory for geothermal data. (2) The hyperbolic equation should be used only if the data fit well on a hyperbolic type curve. (3) The type curve methods are useful if the data are not too scattered. They work well for vapor dominated systems and poorly for liquid dominated systems. (4) Coats' influence function method can be used even with very scattered data. (5) Bodvarsson's method is still experimental but it shows much promise as a useful tool.

Byrns, R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measures founder and a nuclear reactor does fail, theafter that, the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1, wentword “nuclear” can be. Nuclear reactors in power plants are

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Sample: Work for Others Agreement, Waiver Declined  

government nor any agency thereof, nor uchicago argonne, llc, nor any of their employees or officers, makes any representation or any warranty, ...

236

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9. The Economist (2012). Nuclear power: The 30-year itch.Germany and France, the anti-nuclear movement has taken suchtime since the Cold War, nuclear power plants are being

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs. Several manufacturers offer CFL three-way bulbs to replace incandescent three-way bulbs. LEDs, ...

238

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Y. , & Kitazawa, K. (2012). Fukushima in review: A complexin new nuclear power stations after Fukushima. The Guardian.nuclear-power- stations-fukushima Hvistendahl, M. (2007,

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

RATE DECLINE ANALYSIS FOR NATURALLY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

differential equation gives: 1 6 porn = -&(to) (7; - 1) +P Df (A38) Differentiating Eqn. A.88, evaluating at V the matrix radius: #12;APPENDIX A. DERNATION OF SOLUTION 58 Then: & ( f ~ ) l o v g = 9( P D ~-porn). Eqns. A

Stanford University

240

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

politics -- today. While fossil fuels pump our atmosphereis the most-used non-fossil fuel energy source in the US,energy without resorting to fossil fuel sources. While these

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

world-nuclear.org/info/Nuclear-Fuel-Cycle/Nuclear- Wastes/fuel sources; the fuel used in nuclear power plants isphase out both nuclear energy and fossil fuels at the same

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION DECLINE IN GEOTHERMAL RESERVOIRS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum Reservoirs. Geothermal Reservoirs IV. DATA1970, Superheating of Geothermal Steam, Proc. of the U.N.the Development & Utilization of Geothermal Resources, Pisa.

Zais, E.J.; Bodvarsson, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Oil Price Decline Started a Year Ago  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

are generally the product of several influences. Because gasoline is refined from crude oil, of course, the price of crude is the single biggest determinant of gasoline prices....

244

ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION DECLINE IN GEOTHERMAL RESERVOIRS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimation of Primary Oil Reserves, Trans. AlME, 207 Arps,and codified work on oil reserve estimation that had beenExtrapolation and Reserve Calculation, The Oil Weekly, Sept.

Zais, E.J.; Bodvarsson, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Decline and Death of Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their] clean energy strategy” (BC Hydro, 2010). In Japan,with clean energy and jobs. BC Hydro - For Generations.

Melville, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

UCAC3 PROPER MOTION SURVEY. I. DISCOVERY OF NEW PROPER MOTION STARS IN UCAC3 WITH 0.''40 yr{sup -1} > {mu} {>=} 0.''18 yr{sup -1} BETWEEN DECLINATIONS -90{sup 0} AND -47{sup 0}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents 442 new proper motion stellar systems in the southern sky between declinations -90{sup 0} and -47{sup 0} with 0.''40 yr{sup -1} > {mu} {>=} 0.''18 yr{sup -1}. These systems constitute a 25.3% increase in new systems for the same region of the sky covered by previous SuperCOSMOS RECONS (SCR) searches that used Schmidt plates as the primary source of discovery. Among the new systems are 25 multiples, plus an additional 7 new common proper motion (CPM) companions to previously known primaries. All stars have been discovered using the third U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC3). A comparison of the UCAC3 proper motions to those from the Hipparcos, Tycho-2, Southern Proper Motion (SPM4), and SuperCOSMOS efforts is presented and shows that UCAC3 provides similar values and precision to the first three surveys. The comparison between UCAC3 and SuperCOSMOS indicates that proper motions in R.A. are systematically shifted in the SuperCOSMOS data but are consistent in decl. data, while overall showing a significantly higher scatter. Distance estimates are derived for stars having SuperCOSMOS Sky Survey B{sub J} , R{sub 59F}, and I{sub IVN} plate magnitudes and Two-Micron All Sky Survey infrared photometry. We find 15 systems estimated to be within 25 pc, including UPM 1710-5300 our closest new discovery estimated at 13.5 pc. Such new discoveries suggest that more nearby stars are yet to be found in these slower proper motion regimes, indicating that more work is needed to develop a complete map of the solar neighborhood.

Finch, Charlie T.; Zacharias, Norbert [U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, DC 20392-5420 (United States); Henry, Todd J., E-mail: finch@usno.navy.mi [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4106 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Device and method for measuring multi-phase fluid flow in a conduit having an abrupt gradual bend  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for measuring fluid flow in a conduit having an abrupt bend. The system includes pressure transducers, one disposed in the conduit at the inside of the bend and one or more disposed in the conduit at the outside of the bend but spaced a distance therefrom. The pressure transducers measure the pressure of fluid in the conduit at the locations of the pressure transducers and this information is used by a computational device to calculate fluid flow rate in the conduit. For multi-phase fluid, the density of the fluid is measured by another pair of pressure transducers, one of which is located in the conduit elevationally above the other. The computation device then uses the density measurement along with the fluid pressure measurements, to calculate fluid flow. 1 fig.

Ortiz, M.G.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Discussion of the gradual progress of automobile industry - take the United States , Japan and Germany as an example.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The nature of range ˇ§ automobile ˇ§ has high technology and traditional science both together. It expands living habit and areas for the human beings… (more)

Lin, Yun-tiao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Gradual localization of Ni 3d states in LaNiO3 ultrathin films induced by dimensional crossover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ photoemission spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) have been performed on LaNiO3 (LNO) ultrathin films grown on LaAlO3 substrates to investigate the origin of the thickness-dependent metalinsulator transition (MIT). With decreasing film thickness, the progressive weakening of a quasiparticle peak at the Fermi level (EF ) occurs below 10 monolayer (ML), and the further depletion of spectral weight at EF leads to pseudogap behavior at 3 6 ML. The pseudogap finally evolves into a full gap, indicating that the thickness-dependent MIT takes place at a critical film thickness of 2 3 ML. The observed spectral behavior is in line with the transport properties of LNO ultrathin films. The thickness dependence of the spectral intensity is compared with realistic multiorbital dynamical mean-field theory. The experimental spectral function was found to depend on the film thickness more strongly than the theoretical one for thinner systems, indicating that the thickness-dependent MIT in LNO is caused by the crossover from three to two dimensions, during which the spatial correlations are progressively enhanced. The XAS results suggest that a charge disproportionate state is strongly suppressed in LNO ultrathin films plausibly as a result of epitaxial strain from the substrates. These results strongly suggest that a novel insulating state is realized in LNO films at a thin limit.

Sakai, E. [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Tamamitsu, M. [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Yoshimatsu, K [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Okamoto, Satoshi [ORNL; Horiba, K. [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Oshima, M [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Kumigashira, H [University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

NETL: News Release - Critical Carbon Sequestration Assessment Begins:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 2006 2, 2006 DOE Project Injects 700 Tons of Carbon Dioxide Into Texas Sandstone Formation Researchers to Determine the Ability of Brine Formations to Sequester Greenhouse Gas WASHINGTON, DC - When scientists recently pumped 700 metric tons of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) a mile underground as a follow-up to a 2004 effort, they initiated a series of tests to determine the feasibility of storing the CO2 in brine formations, a major step forward in the U.S. Department of Energy's carbon sequestration program. MORE INFO Read the University of Texas at Austin press release 11.19.04 Techline : Frio Formation Test Well Injected with Carbon Dioxide The Frio Brine project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and managed by DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory, is designed to

251

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory Richland, Washington December 16, 2005 This presentation uses S5: A simple standards-based slide show system exit federal site . The slide show format is based entirely...

252

NETL: News Release - Critical Carbon Sequestration Assessment Begins:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 20, 2006 September 20, 2006 Government-Industry Partnership Reaches Key Milestone in Fuel Cell Development Delphi Achieves Performance, Efficiency, Cost Goals in First Phase of SECA Program MORGANTOWN W.Va. - Delphi Corp. of Troy, Mich., has achieved all of its goals for solid oxide fuel cell performance, efficiency, and cost during phase I of its project in the Department of Energy's Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program. The achievement is a significant step toward the SECA goal of a market-ready, affordable solid oxide fuel cell by 2010 and enables Delphi to enter phase II of the SECA program. In its recently completed demonstration, Delphi reached the following milestones: Power-Produced peak power of 4.24 kilowatts using methane to achieve the SECA goal of 3-10 kilowatts.

253

Presidents since the Beginning of the Baldrige Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Criteria downloads Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman: Award recipient DynMcDermont Petroleum's "heroic performance to move crude oil to the ...

2013-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

254

Cellulosic biofuels begin to flow but in lower volumes than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Have a question, comment, or suggestion for a future article? Send your feedback to todayinenergy@eia.gov

255

Making Plans: "Architecture Begins and Ends in Pictures"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

picture books’. For architects, the case study - a writtenclients. The way in which architects work differs from that2 . They moved out of the architect’s office, to have an

French, Hilary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

NETL: News Release - Studies Begin on Next Generation of Mid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the next generation of mid-size electric power generating gas turbines. MORE INFO Gas Turbine R&D Program. The Energy Department has selected: Pratt & Whitney, East...

257

ERCC to Begin Test Rounds for Final RNA Reference Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Richmond, Va.) to produce suites of RNA test samples that will ... The eight registered testing sites represent companies that manufacture microarrays ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Begins with a rotating NIST ID animated cube  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Senior VP Global Supply Chain and IT. ... The Baldrige Fellows Program, for me, presented some unique insight into the, the inner workings in the ...

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

259

Online video repository and supportive community for beginning teachers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nearly half of public school teachers leave in their first five years of teaching, and the inadequacy of their preparation is a significant challenge to their success. Teacher attrition results in part from frustration caused by inadequate preparation ...

Greg Wientjes; Jawed Karim

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cellulosic biofuels begin to flow but in lower volumes than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alternative Fuels. Includes hydropower, solar, ... comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy ... the path to commercial biofuels has not ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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261

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Home Page In 1994 OSTI created the first DOE home page, and in 1996 entered the Internet era full force, converting report literature to digital form. Department of Energy...

262

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On January 1, 2012, efficiency standards will start taking effect for brighter, higher-wattage general service bulbs. Based on its light output of ...

263

BeginPackage "rfPack`" Modified 28 Jul 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage vRF, stable phase angle £ in units of 2¥ , and wavelength ¤ ." bucketHF::usage ¡ "bucketHF ¢ ,h compaction ¢ , an RF system with harmonic number h, peak voltage vRF, and stable phase angle £ in units of 2 with harmonic number h, peak voltage vRF, and stable phase angle £ in units of 2¥ , for particles of energy E

Keil, Eberhard

264

EIA begins posting daily energy prices on Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home; Browse by Tag; Most Popular Tags. electricity; oil/petroleum; liquid fuels; ... Privacy/Security Copyright & Reuse Accessibility. Related Sites U.S. Department ...

265

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What&039;s your energypledge? What's your EnergyPledge? 1. Secretary Chu at the Detroit Auto Show Snapshots of the Year in Energy: 12 Awesome Photos from 2012 Day 12: Drive...

266

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fleets: An Infographic Turning Bacteria into Fuel 2012 ARPA-E Technology Showcase LED Lighting on the National Mall Detroit Auto Show 2012 Federal Energy Management Trade Show...

267

John Ambrose Fleming and the Beginning of Electronics  

SciTech Connect

2004 was the centenary of John Ambrose Fleming's momentous patent on the thermionic diode that can be called the birth of electronics. The ''Edison effect'' was discovered in 1882; this was later shown to be the result of thermionic emission of electrons from a heated filament into a vacuum. Edison did not make any significant devices based on this discovery, and the effect was ignored for more than 8 years. In 1890 Fleming explained the effect and showed that the thermionic diode could be used as a rectifier. Fourteen years later Fleming filed his 1904 patent on the thermionic diode. It was the first public announcement of the electron tube; this revolutionized the development of radio and led to the invention of the thermionic triode by Lee de Forest in 1906. The background to these events will be described.

Fred Dylla; Steve Corneliussen

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Michigan v. Bryant: The Counter-Revolution Begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that “the guy in the gas station shot me. ” 223 StandingEven though the guy in the gas station is still there with athat in 2011 there were two gas stations nearby on Cadillac

Graham, Kenneth W. Jr.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

NETL: News Release - DOE Regional Partnership Begins Core Sampling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as well as four Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba). The National Energy Technology Laboratory manages the Regional Carbon Sequestration...

270

Beginning in 1995, a group of scientists at Michigan State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and fall. Vegetation growing under trees during these times greatly reduced nitrate leaching. ! Fertigation of active soil carbon and nitrogen available to the trees. ! The highest population densities of soil season-long, vegetation-free strips using either herbicide or mulch increased pest mite populations

271

Michigan v. Bryant: The Counter-Revolution Begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010). Oral Argument, MIchigan v. Bryant, 2010 WL 3907894,2010). Oral Argument, MIchigan v. Bryant, 2010 WL 3907894,2010). Oral Argument, MIchigan v. Bryant, 2010 WL 3907894,

Graham, Kenneth W. Jr.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Cellulosic biofuels begin to flow but in lower volumes than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Technology scale-up difficulties at startup companies; ... many companies are developing technologies to produce intermediate chemicals from cellulosic biomass as ...

273

Three Presidential Innovation Fellows Begin Work at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... information and communication technologies to optimize ... Accelerated development of CPS is expected to ... for consensus in developing a framework ...

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Small Businesses Nationwide Begin Work on Cutting-Edge Innovative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of gas turbines. These grants to small businesses - totaling 26.4 million - are developing new energy technologies that will help to grow America's economy, create new...

275

Accurate LPG analysis begins with sampling procedures, equipment  

SciTech Connect

Proper equipment and procedures are essential for obtaining representative samples from an LPG stream. This paper discusses how sampling of light liquid hydrocarbons generally involves one of two methods: flow- proportional composite sampling by a mechanical device or physical transfer of hydrocarbon fluids from a flowing pipeline or other source into a suitable portable sample container. If sampling by proper techniques and equipment supports careful chromatographic analysis, full advantage of accurate mass measurement of LPG can be realized.

Wilkins, C.M. (Koch Pipelines, Inc., Medford, OK (US))

1990-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

276

BeginPackage "constants`" Modified 27 Jul 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, glass, lights, transmission, coolant system, emissions system and horn. The inspector will provide the inspection and may be returned to normal usage; otherwise, correction of any operating deficiency must-inspected, as appropriate, before returning to normal usage. III. Preventive Maintenance Preventive maintenance is obtained

Keil, Eberhard

277

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is a Department of Energy (DOE) program within the Office of Science. OSTI's mission: To advance science and...

278

An Integrated Approach To Decommissioning Radwaste Management: The Beginning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the near future, Russia will be forced to start large-scale decommissioning programs embracing nuclear submarines, nuclear power plants, defense and nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) facilities, and numerous research reactors (RR). In this situation any attempt to promote D&D programs has the utmost importance. These obvious considerations stimulated the participation of the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology in the IAEA CRP on Decommissioning Techniques for Research Reactors with the project entitled "Decontamination and Waste Management in the Course of Research Reactors Decommissioning." The aims of the present study were the following: to estimate waste arising from RR decommissioning; to gather and evaluate information on decontamination and radioactive waste management techniques and materials recycling methods applicable for decommissioning purposes; and to develop a computerized multicriteria decision-making tool for determination of the appropriateness of various techniques ...

Victor Tsvetkov Sergey; Sergey A. Medvedev; Sergey K. Neljubov

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

IP3 Review Begins Page 3 January 13, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, W. J. 1977, A&AS, 54, 301 Williams, P. J. S., Kenderdine, S., & Baldwin, J. E. 1966, MmRAS, 70, 53

Saskatchewan, University of

280

Montana Beginning Farm/Ranch Loan Program (Montana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Loans subsidized by tax-exempt bonds issued by the Montana Agricultural Loan Authority may be used for the production of energy using an alternative renewable energy source. The program is run...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

6.1.1. How did Statistical Quality Control Begin?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These guilds mandated long periods of training for apprentices, and those who were aiming to become master craftsmen had to demonstrate ...

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

282

Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

workers used chemical processing and furnaces to fabricate plutonium metal, primarily hockey puck-shaped pieces called buttons. The plutonium buttons were stored in high-security...

283

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the 1000s Faces of the Recovery Act Rebuilding a Greener New Orleans on Veteran's Day A Book of Condolences for Fukushima Energy Matters Online Townhall 1 of 5 Clean Energy and...

284

Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of transmission and distribution with power generation. Edison invented the light bulb, the phonograph and the first electrical generating and distribution system. If he...

285

Ruby natural gas pipeline begins service today (July 28, 2011 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

El Paso Corporation's Ruby Pipeline (Ruby), the largest natural gas pipeline project dedicated to serving the Western United States since the ...

286

Monte Carlo: in the beginning and some great expectations  

SciTech Connect

The central theme will be on the historical setting and origins of the Monte Carlo Method. The scene was post-war Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. There was an inevitability about the Monte Carlo Event: the ENIAC had recently enjoyed its meteoric rise (on a classified Los Alamos problem); Stan Ulam had returned to Los Alamos; John von Neumann was a frequent visitor. Techniques, algorithms, and applications developed rapidly at Los Alamos. Soon, the fascination of the Method reached wider horizons. The first paper was submitted for publication in the spring of 1949. In the summer of 1949, the first open conference was held at the University of California at Los Angeles. Of some interst perhaps is an account of Fermi's earlier, independent application in neutron moderation studies while at the University of Rome. The quantum leap expected with the advent of massively parallel processors will provide stimuli for very ambitious applications of the Monte Carlo Method in disciplines ranging from field theories to cosmology, including more realistic models in the neurosciences. A structure of multi-instruction sets for parallel processing is ideally suited for the Monte Carlo approach. One may even hope for a modest hardening of the soft sciences.

Metropolis, N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Cellulosic biofuels begin to flow but in lower volumes than ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Several companies combined to produce about 20,000 gallons of fuels using cellulosic biomass (e.g., wood waste, sugarcane bagasse) from commercial-scale facilities in ...

288

Estimating Monthly Precipitation Reconstruction Uncertainty Beginning in 1900  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty estimates are computed for a statistical reconstruction of global monthly precipitation that was developed in an earlier publication. The reconstruction combined the use of spatial correlations with gauge precipitation and correlations ...

Thomas M. Smith; Samuel S. P. Shen; Li Ren; Phillip A. Arkin

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Begin at the Indiana Memorial Union, or IMU,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, bank, bowl, study and much more. Hourly parking is available in 2 nearby lots. Enter the IMU from, the Back Alley provides bowling, billiards and arcade games. At the end of the building are the Union, cross a street and continue past Woodburn Hall, where the Political Science Library offers a quiet

Indiana University

290

Nuclear outages begin to increase with the start of the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... several units began to reduce their output to enter into refueling outages, ...

291

State heating oil and propane program season begins - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

292

Solar Decathlon 2013 Teams Arrive; Construction to Begin Monday...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State University and The University of New Mexico * Czech Republic (Czech Technical University) * KentuckyIndiana (University of Louisville, Ball State University, and...

293

Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Notre Dame Iowa Iowa State University University of Iowa Kansas Kansas State University University of Kansas Kentucky University of Louisville Louisiana Louisiana Tech University...

294

OCRWM Bulletin: Westinghouse begins designing multi-purpose canister  

SciTech Connect

This publication consists of two parts: OCRWM (Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management) Bulletin; and Of Mountains & Science which has articles on the Yucca Mountain project. The OCRWM provides information about OCRWM activities and in this issue has articles on multi-purpose canister design, and transportation cask trailer.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Where does "space" really begin? The Earth's atmosphere begins to thin out as we ascend to higher altitudes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gravity, high solar illumination levels, cosmic rays or radiation, natural micrometeoroid particles or fragments, and human-made debris--called "orbital debris"--from space missions. Thus, the space environment that, on average, one human-made object falls back to Earth from space each day. The good news

296

Short-Term Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(STEO) (STEO) Highlights ď‚· After falling by more than 40 cents per gallon from the beginning of September through mid-November, weekly U.S. average regular gasoline retail prices increased by 8 cents per gallon to reach $3.27 per gallon on December 2, 2013, due in part to unplanned refinery maintenance and higher crude oil prices. The annual average regular gasoline retail price, which was $3.63 per gallon in 2012, is expected to average $3.50 per gallon in 2013 and $3.43 per gallon in 2014. ď‚· The North Sea Brent crude oil spot price averaged near $110 per barrel for the fifth consecutive month in November. EIA expects the Brent crude oil price to average $108 per barrel in December and decline gradually to $104 per barrel in 2014. Projected West Texas

297

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Highlights Highlights After falling by more than 40 cents per gallon from the beginning of September through mid-November, weekly U.S. average regular gasoline retail prices increased by 8 cents per gallon to reach $3.27 per gallon on December 2, 2013, due in part to unplanned refinery maintenance and higher crude oil prices. The annual average regular gasoline retail price, which was $3.63 per gallon in 2012, is expected to average $3.50 per gallon in 2013 and $3.43 per gallon in 2014. The North Sea Brent crude oil spot price averaged near $110 per barrel for the fifth consecutive month in November. EIA expects the Brent crude oil price to average $108 per barrel in December and decline gradually to $104 per barrel in 2014. Projected West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices average $95 per barrel during 2014.

298

WILL OIL PRICES DECLINE OVER THE LONG RUN? 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2008 all ECB publications feature a motif taken from the €10 banknote. This paper can be downloaded without charge from

Robert Kaufmann; Pavlos Karadeloglou; Robert Kaufmann; Pavlos Karadeloglou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

California hydro forecast declines on dry weather - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Total Energy.

300

Coping with the Decline in Coke Quality – Using Onsite Blending ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... coke (CPC), the blending of non-traditional cokes (NTAC's) has increased. ... Prebaked Anode from Coal - Utilization of Coal Extract as a Coke Feedstock-.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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301

Production decline analysis of horizontal well in gas shale reservoirs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The major factor influencing the increase of natural gas use is the rise in its global demand. Due to the relentlessly increasing demand, there have… (more)

Adekoya, Folarin.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Groundwater decline and the preservation of property in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a slow-motion disaster underway below the city of Boston. The levels of groundwater have been steadily decreasing over the past eighty years and the structural integrity of the city's older buildings is in jeopardy. ...

Shoham, Tamar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

California hydro forecast declines on dry weather - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California hydroelectric generators are found along different river basins, and the weather patterns can be significantly different between the two regions, ...

304

Energy Perspectives: United States energy imports decline while ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

305

Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Understanding the Decline in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement — October 2009 2 Projected reductions in CO2 emissions associated with changes in the ...

306

Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions declined in 2012 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, ... which shifted power generation from the most carbon-intensive fossil fuel ...

307

Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions declined in 2012 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy-related carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions in 2012 were the lowest in the United States since 1994, at 5.3 billion metric tons of CO 2 (see figure above).

308

Large Decadal Decline of the Arctic Multiyear Ice Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The perennial ice area was drastically reduced to 38% of its climatological average in 2007 but recovered slightly in 2008, 2009, and 2010 with the areas being 10%, 24%, and 11% higher than in 2007, respectively. However, trends in extent and area ...

Josefino C. Comiso

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

With petroleum productio on the cusp of decline, the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the 1970s, the world economy is dependent on oil in a way that no other energy source can claim. The International Energy Agency last year published a report that pre- dicted that crude oil production entirely to projected production from cur- rently undiscovered fields. Other oil industry experts believe

Kandlikar, Satish

310

California hydro forecast declines on dry weather - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. ... Updated March 5, 2013, to reflect weather developments.

311

4, 45394570, 2007 Build-up and decline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model parameters. In spike annealing, the dissociation of an intermediate size cluster i.e., E7,mix has. And in flash an- nealing, the dissociation of an intermediate size cluster i.e., E7,mix has lower sensitivity or lasers have become increasingly common for activating dopants and eliminating implantation-induced damage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

What Explains Manhattan's Declining Share of Residential Construction?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permits issued in Manhattan, with project level detail:public housing projects permitted in Manhattan and on year.multitous projects the analogous Manhattan share plotted in

DAVIDOFF, THOMAS

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Adolescent smoking decline during California's tobacco control programme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tobacco consumption in California. JAMA 1990;264:1570–4.Oversight Committee. Towards a tobacco free California.Sacramento: California Department of Health Services, 1991.

Pierce, J P; White, M M; Gilpin, E A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could become an instrumental part of a future carbon trading system in the US. If the US starts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similar to that of the European Union's then limits on CO{sub 2} emissions will be conservative in the beginning stages. The government will most likely start by distributing most credits for free; these free credits are called allowances. The US may follow the model of the EU ETS, which during the first five-year phase distributed 95% of the credits for free, bringing that level down to 90% for the second five-year phase. As the number of free allowances declines, companies will be forced to purchase an increasing number of credits at government auction, or else obtain them from companies selling surplus credits. In addition to reducing the number of credits allocated for free, with each subsequent trading period the number of overall credits released into the market will decline in an effort to gradually reduce overall emissions. Companies may face financial difficulty as the value of credits continues to rise due to the reduction of the number of credits available in the market each trading period. Governments operating emissions trading systems face the challenge of achieving CO{sub 2} emissions targets without placing such a financial burden on their companies that the country's economy is markedly affected.

Hoversten, Shanna

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out" of less-efficient bulbs will begin with 100 watt bulbs in 2012; lesser wattage light bulbs will then be gradually removed from distribution, ending with noncompliant 40...

316

A paradigm for Kemetic architectural design : the beginnings of a Kemetic architectural design language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kemetic [Egyptian] architecture is highly recognizable. In particular, there was a distinct monumentality to its religious architecture. As well, familiar design characteristics permeated many of them. These edifices ...

Riley, James Preston

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Nuclear participants, fearing imprudence charges by PUC's, begin to speak out  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public opposition to nuclear power has led some electric companies, of which New England Power (NEP) is the latest, to end their participation in nuclear plant construction. The withdrawal trend is a result of utilities trying to insulate themselves from plant cancellations and increasing nuclear plant costs and an effort to reposition their negotiating strength with respect to power supply contracts. NEP's public announcement cites customer interests and reduced demand to justify the withdrawal from Seabrook unit-2. As the first to publicly explain its action, NEP hopes to avoid the legal and financial problems experienced by Massachusetts utilities involved with the Pilgrim-2 construction. (DCK)

Utroska, D.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind | OSTI, US Dept of...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

16, 2005 About S5, the Presentation Format This presentation uses S5: A simple standards-based slide show system exit federal site . The slide show format is based entirely...

319

Academic Calendar 2008-09 Tele-BEARS Begins April 14 Monday  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials for nuclear energy system, fission reactors, nuclear fuels, energy policy, sustainability & Engineering Nanomaterials growth and characterization; piezoelectric nanogenerators and piezotronics; photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical devices; nanomaterials for energy storage; nanoelectronics; nano

Herr, Amy E.

320

Redesigning a large and complex website: how to begin, and a method for success  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a technology-oriented, information-intense world, one of the largest challenges facing higher education is the organization, communication, and presentation of information in a coherent and usable fashion via the world wide web. The Learning Team, ... Keywords: accessibility, automation, communications, consistency, efficiency, information architecture, internet, just-in-time, learning, needs assessment, support, task analysis, training, usability, web services, web site

Elaine Chou

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Introduction: The Fabric of Life In the beginning is the relation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; blue- collar jobs or wilderness preservation; open immigration or tighter borders; nuclear power that may kill large numbers of bats and birds. The decisions we make as consumers and citi- zens will have

322

22 stricted access to $25,000,000 until the director begins a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Center for Digital Innovation ..... Develop exascale computing and digital media technologies ... 1,000,000 ...

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

323

Steps to Begin OSTI-to-Site TAPping Process (formerly harvesting...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

phase is simple but takes up a significant amount of time in the process. The production phase is an ongoing one based primarily on monitoring for quality control. In the...

324

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind, InterLab Presentation...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HTML Validator. Colour Contrast Analyser. Vischeck. juicy studio Website Readability Test. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Markup Validation Service. Web Page Analyzer 0.961....

325

Controlling the atom. The beginnings of nuclear regulation 1946--1962  

SciTech Connect

This book traces the early history of nuclear power regulation in the US. It focuses on the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the federal agency that until 1975 was primarily responsible for planning and carrying out programs to protect public health and safety from the hazards of the civilian use of nuclear energy. It also describes the role of other groups that figured significantly in the development of regulatory policies, including the congressional Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, federal agencies other than the AEC, state governments, the nuclear industry, and scientific organizations. And it considers changes in public perceptions of and attitudes toward atomic energy and the dangers of radiation exposure. The context in which regulatory programs evolved is a rich and complex mixture of political, legislative, legal, technological, scientific, and administrative history. The basic purpose of this book is to provide the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), which inherited responsibility for nuclear safety after Congress disbanded the AEC, and the general public with information on the historical antecedents and background of regulatory issues.

Mazuzan, G.T.; Walker, J.S.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Beginning CSS: Cascading Style Sheets for Web Design, 2nd edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a standardized approach to CSS in an example-packed, step-by-step format, this comprehensive introduction clearly shows you how to combine CSS with HTML, XHTML, or XML to create rich, aesthetically compelling web designs.

Richard York

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

ULYSSES BEGINS EXPLORATION OF THE SUN'S NORTHERN POLE The Ulysses spacecraft has begun to explore the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

latitudes. At that time, during the peak of the Sun's 11-year solar cycle, scientists expect to find the Sun at different latitudes. Most notably, solar winds at high southern latitudes traveled at roughly double the speed found in the equatorial zone. The solar winds flow at approximately two million miles

Christian, Eric

328

OSTI Redesign: Begin with the End in Mind, InterLab Presentation...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Fighting Linkrot. Andy Clarke. And All That Malarkey. Jacob Nielsen. The Need for Web Design Standards. Google. Webmaster Guidelines. Google. Enterprise Solutions. Case for...

329

The Beginnings of Economic Modernization in the Middle East: Legal Impact of Unequal Trade Treaties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pp. 30-32. Goffman, Izmir, p. 107. For additional cases,of Seventeenth Century Izmir. ” Turkology working paper,case 72/4. See also Goffman, Izmir, p. 125; Ekinci, Osmanl !

Kuran, Timur

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Battle of Wits Begins | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

& Testimony Recovery Act Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 01.16.13 The...

331

SunLine Begins Extended Testing of Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing the fuel cell hybrid bus demonstration being managed by SunLIne Transit Agency.

Not Available

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Beginning of the End: Hubble Space Telescope Images of Seyfert's Sextet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images of Hickson Compact Group 79, Seyfert's Sextet, are presented. Both point sources and extended sources detected on the three WF chips were photometered in four filters: F336W, F439W, F555W, and F814W. Unlike other HCGs that have been imaged with HST, there do not appear to be any candidate young star clusters among the detected point sources. The majority of the point sources that may be star clusters associated with the Sextet have red colors consistent with stellar populations older than 1 Gyr. A similar conclusion is drawn with regard to the extended sources. The majority of these appear to be background galaxies, but a few candidate dwarf galaxies are identified as potentially associated with Seyfert's Sextet. However, no blue, star forming objects similar to the tidal dwarf galaxy candidates identified in other HCGs are found among the extended objects identified in this study. A redshift for one dwarf galaxy candidate was measured from a spectrum obtained with the Hobby-Eberly Telescope, and this object was found to have a redshift similar to NGC6027e, the discordant spiral formerly identified as a member of this compact group. The HST observations presented here and previous radio observations of the neutral gas content of this group suggest that the interactions that have taken place in the Sextet only redistributed the stars from the member galaxies within the group. We speculate that future interactions may be strong enough to strip the gas from NGC6027d and trigger star cluster formation.

C. Palma; S. Zonak; S. Hunsberger; J. Charlton; S. Gallagher; P. Durrell; J. English

2002-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

I've Just Been Diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Where do I begin?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

¼ of your plate with: lean protein such as turkey, chicken, beans, lentils, low-sugar yogurt, tofu, or low-fat-2 small snacks at approximately the same time each day. · Follow a healthy, low-fat, low-sugar diet. Eat

de la Torre, José R.

334

Bio-based fuels and chemicals: the end of the beginning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Description This research enabled Solazyme's commercial oil biomanufacturing process to use heterotrophic, cellulosic feedstocks. By the end of this research, Solazyme: · Determined the growth parameters to market. Solazyme's program of research under this Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) grant builds

Iglesia, Enrique

335

Architecture as evocation of place : thoughts on an architectural "beginning" in Bangladesh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a trajectory of a quest of trying to understand certain fundamental notions of architecture, triggered initially by the cultural conditions of Bangladesh: How does an architectural position really find ...

Ashraf, Kazi Khaleed

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

William Robert Ware and the beginnings of architectural education in the United States, 1861-1881  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

William Robert Ware (1832- 1915) planned and directed the first collegiate program in architectural education i n the United States. He was educated in the liberal arts and civil engineering at Harvard University and ...

Chewning, John Andrew

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Chamorros, ghosts, non-voting delegates : GUAM! where the production of America's sovereignty begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bases in the world: Camp Anaconda in Iraq, Bezmer Air baseOcean, and lastly Guam. 65 Anaconda is the one most visibly

Bevacqua, Michael Lujan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

September 20, 2002: Last Day to Pay Fees September 26, 2002: Instruction Begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an additional $50 late fee. For more information on paying fees, see "Billing." Mandatory Medical Insurance and is in addition to the amount due each term. To request MIP, students select it by marking that item materials fee, which is billed through the BAR statement, for the entire quarter. In addition, certain

Grether, Gregory

339

NREL: Wind Research - U.S. Virgin Islands Begins Collecting Wind...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resource Data: A Wind Powering America Success Story March 25, 2013 In the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), electricity is so expensive that families struggle to pay utility bills...

340

Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and is a credit to our project team." Today's demolition separates the east wing's technetium-99 contaminated area, which accounts for approximately 20 percent of the facility,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Towards sustainable management of Louisiana’s coastal wetland forests: problems, constraints, and a new beginning  

SciTech Connect

Over 345,000 ha of forested swamps occur throughout the Mississippi River Deltaic Plain. Natural and anthropogenic changes in hydrology and geomorphology at local and landscape levels have reduced the productivity in many of these coastal wetland forests areas and have caused the complete loss of forest cover in some places. A summary and interpretation of the available science, suggestions for policy change, and a multidisciplinary (multi-responsibility) approach were needed to address these issues [in the context of private land]. In response, the Louisiana Governor's office formed a Coastal Wetland Forest Conservation and Use Science Working Group (SWG) and an associated Advisory Panel to provide the Governor with information and suggestions of strategies for environmental and economic utilization, conservation, and protection of Louisiana's coastal wetland forest ecosystem in the long-term. The process of engaging scientists, resource managers, and other stakeholders in this effort is described, and the recommendations of the SWG are presented relative to forestry practices and the potential for sustainable management of coastal wetland forests.

Chambers, J. L.; Keim, R. F.; Faulkner, S. P.; Day Jr., J. W.; Gardiner, E. S.; Hughes, M. S.; King, S. L.; McLeod, K. W.; Miller, C. A.; Nyman, J. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Turtles and Tourism: Where the Endangered Species Act Ends and Community Activism Begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modification . B. State Agencies, Tourism, andLiability and ITPs . 2. State Agency Liability andHTA that federal and state agencies and tour group operators

Nichols, Kamaile A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Chamorros, ghosts, non-voting delegates : GUAM! where the production of America's sovereignty begins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Banality If Not Puerto Rico, Then Why Guam? ……………………………..U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. Los Angeles and Berkeley:13 November 2008. ________. “Puerto Rico turnout,” The Daily

Bevacqua, Michael Lujan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Going to the End of the Earth to Learn About the Beginning of the Universe  

SciTech Connect

The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is revolutionizing our understanding of the Universe. The CMB is the most powerful piece of evidence that we live in a geometrically flat Universe, dominated by cold dark matter and dark energy. Even with this basic cosmological model established, there are still many outstanding questions: What is dark energy? What is the sum of the neutrino masses? Are there unknown particle species that we can detect cosmologically? Did Inflation happen? I will review the history of measurements of the CMB; what have they told us so far, and how the South Pole has developed into the premier site for observations of the CMB. Finally, I will discuss new measurements and cosmological results from the South Pole Telescope, a 10-meter diameter telescope that is making precision measurements of the temperature and polarization anisotropy of the CMB.

Benson, Bradford [University of Chicago

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

345

This introduction to wind power technology is meant to help communities begin considering or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the Community Scale Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Community Wind Vocabulary p. 2 Power & Energy p. 3 Sources for Teachers & Kids p. 4 Nearby Wind Installations p. 4 For More The Vocabulary of Wind Power Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Turbine

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

346

n the Big Bang at the beginning of the Uni-verse, the lightest elements, hydrogen,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Butlittlewasknownabouttheproductionof elements, and the associated history of star formation, in the most distant galaxies that formed window on the early formation of elements andstarsintheUniverse. A number of studies have explored throughtheradiationtheyabsorbfromeven more distant quasars. These studies probe the earliest chemical history of gas in the Universe

Cowan, John

347

Getting Started with LUNA To begin using LUNA, you must be on campus.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the name in the column on the left. You may then enter search terms to search that collection only collections available to UMass users. If you want to search all the collections at once, just enter your search terms in the box at the top right of the screen. To get into any single collection, click

Schweik, Charles M.

348

Aromatics oxidation and soot formation in flames. Progress report for year beginning 15 August 1988  

SciTech Connect

Work during this contract period has been concerned with the mechanisms through which aromatics are formed and destroyed in flames, and the processes responsible for soot formation. Recent progress has been primarily in two areas: experiments and modeling of the soot nucleation process in low pressure benzene flames and preparation for experiments on the destruction mechanisms of benzene. In addition, we have incorporated ``weak collision`` formalisms into a fall-off computer code.

Howard, J.B.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

EIA begins posting daily energy prices on Today in Energy webpage ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Facebook Twitter YouTube Email Updates RSS Feeds. Learn About Energy; Today in Energy. Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. FAQs

350

Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

It is generally agreed that worldwide petroleum supply will eventually reach its productive limit, peak, and begin a long term decline. What should the United States do to prepare for this event?...

351

Electrotechnology Reference Guide: Revision 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial use of electricity has gradually declined in recent years, although industrial production has increased. Technologies and operating practices that have improved energy efficiency are major factors that have contributed to the reduction in energy use. Recent declines in manufacturing activity have affected industrial electricity consumption. To a lesser extent, fuel switching away from electricity may have affected some segments. Even though industrial electricity consumption is trending downwa...

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electrotechnology Reference Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial use of electricity has gradually declined in recent years, although industrial production has increased. Technologies and operating practices that have improved energy efficiency are major factors that have contributed to the reduction in energy use. Recent declines in manufacturing activity have affected industrial electricity consumption. To a lesser extent, fuel switching away from electricity may have affected some segments. Even though industrial electricity consumption is trending downwa...

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

353

Regional load-curve models: scenario and forecast using the DRI model. Final report. [Forecasts of electric power loads in 32 US regions  

SciTech Connect

Regional load curve models were constructed for 32 regions that have been created by aggregating hourly load data from 146 electric utilities. These utilities supply approximately 95% of the electricity consumed in the continental US. The 32 models forecast electricity demands by hour, 8784 regional load forecasts per year. Because projections are made for each hour in the year, contemporaneous forecasts are available for peak demands, megawatt hour demands, load factors, load duration curves, and typical load shapes. The forecast scenario is described and documented in this volume and the forecast resulting from the use of this scenario is presented. The highlights of this forecast are two observations: (1) peak demands will once again become winter phenomena. By the year 2000, 18 of the 32 regions peak in a winter month as compared with the 8 winter peaking regions in 1977. In the heating season, the model is responsive to the number of heating degree-hours, the penetration rate of electric heating equipment, and the rate at which this space conditioning equipment is utilized, which itself is functionally dependent on the level of real electricity prices and real incomes. Thus, as the penetration rate of electric heating equipment increases, winter season demands grow more rapidly than demands in other seasons and peaks begin to appear in winter months; and (2) load factors begin to increase in the forecast, reversing the trend which began in the early 1960s. Nationally, load factors do not leap upwards, instead they increase gradually from .609 in 1977 to .629 in the year 2000. The improvement is more consequential in some regions, with load factors increasing, at times, by .10 or more. In some regions, load factors continue to decline.

Platt, H.D.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Powerscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2050, global oil supply will decline to 1/8 of today's. Migrating to the Post-Oil Era, over 10000's km2 of Powerscapes - the solar-collecting infrastructure - will be gradually constructed across the arid desert, for ...

Ng, Chun Lun Otto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Eosinophil and T cell markers predict functional decline in COPD patients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E Walter 6 , Christine H Wendt 3 , Gail G Weinmann 10 ,walterb@bu.edu; Christine H Wendt - wendt005@tc.umn.edu;

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Commission on Energy Policy. Jacobson, M. Z. and G.of Federal Policy." Energy Policy 27: 575-584. Margolis, R.D. (2001). National Energy Policy. Washington, DC, National

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Parenting and the Decline of Physical Activity from Age 9 to 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Michigan), B. Knoke (RTI International), T. Leventhal (of California, Irvine), A.V. Rao (RTI International), G.I.Mall, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA. 2 RTI International, Research

Bradley, RH; McRitchie, S; Houts, RM; Nader, P; O'Brien, M; ,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

An evaluation of Mexico's declining oil production and waning petroleum reserves .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??rather than invested in exploration projects, infrastructure modernization, or process efficiency improvement. Decades of severe financial constraints placed on Pemex by the Mexican government, coupled… (more)

Rangel, Erik.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

policy intermittency and uncertainty plays a role in discouraging R&D investments in the solar and wind energy

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Average spot natural gas prices declined during the first half of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japanese pleas to back Tokyo's bid to host a disputed nuclear fusion reactor as the global contest particles together as opposed to existing nuclear reactors and weapons which produce energy by splitting for the right to build the world's first such reactor, but the six members of the joint venture have so far

362

California hydro forecast declines on dry weather | U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Have a question, comment, or suggestion for a future article? Send your feedback to todayinenergy@eia.gov

363

Declining global per capita agricultural production and warming oceans threaten food security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

per capita production levels in 2030 similar to those of theby 14% between 2008 and 2030. Climate change is likely tocereal production by 2030. If done sustainably, raising

Funk, Chris C.; Brown, Molly E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

U.S. energy intensity projected to continue its steady decline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, ... The events surrounding the Arab oil embargo in 1973 were associated with a dramatic rise in energy prices.

365

Drop in U.S. gasoline prices reflects decline in crude oil costs ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

366

U.S. energy intensity projected to continue its steady decline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power plant emissions. ... Light-duty vehicles are by far the largest energy consuming part of ...

367

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sub-committee on Energy, Washington, D.C. Kennedy, D. (Policy. Washington, DC, National Energy Policy DevelopmentWashington, DC, The National Commission on Energy Policy.

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Observed Trends and Teleconnections of the Siberian High: A Recently Declining Center of Action  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates variability in the intensity of the wintertime Siberian high (SH) by defining a robust SH index (SHI) and correlating it with selected meteorological fields and teleconnection indices. A dramatic trend of –2.5 hPa decade?1 ...

Fotis Panagiotopoulos; Maria Shahgedanova; Abdelwaheb Hannachi; David B. Stephenson

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Association of the California tobacco control program with declines in lung cancer incidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SFO đtŢ Ľ b 0 ţ b Connecticut I Connecticut đtŢ ţ b DetroitI Detroit đtŢ ţ b Hawaii I Hawaii đtŢ ţ b Iowa I Iowa đtŢ ţthe metropolitan areas of Detroit, Michigan, and SFO,

Barnoya, J; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Attribution of the Late-Twentieth-Century Rainfall Decline in Southwest Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There was a dramatic decrease in rainfall in the southwest of Australia (SWA) in the mid-1960s. A statistical method, based on the idea of analogous synoptic situations, is used to help clarify the cause of the drying. The method is designed to ...

Bertrand Timbal; Julie M. Arblaster; Scott Power

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

After the Fall: An Ex Post Characterization of Housing Price Declines Across Metropolitan Areas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model: How Much Do House Prices Matter?" , Real EstateThe Subprime Crisis and House Price Appreciation", NationalT. 2005, "Assessing High House Prices: Bubbles, Fundamentals

Carson, Richard T; Dastrup, Samuel R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Production patterns in Eagle Ford Shale (Decline Curve Analysis) Muoz Torres, J.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that there were vast natural gas resources in unconventional reservoirs like coal seams, tight sand and shales in the United States and elsewhere. That's the positive surprise. On the negative side, the severity of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico could well turn the global public against oil and natural gas exploration

Texas at Austin, University of

373

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market." Energy Policy 26(7): 547-555. Duke, R. D. and D. M.Duke and Kammen 1999). The reduced inventive activity in energy

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Anti-Oxidants, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cognitive Decline with Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neurobiology of cognitive aging”. Ageing Research Reviewsinterventions. Neurobiology of Aging , 133-136. Cutler, R.1991). Antioxidants and aging. American Journal of Clinical

Patel, Tanu Ashok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

DNA repair decline during mouse spermiogenesis results in the accumulation of heritable DNA damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The post-meiotic phase of mouse spermatogenesis (spermiogenesis) is very sensitive to the genomic effects of environmental mutagens because as male germ cells form mature sperm they progressively lose the ability to repair DNA damage. We hypothesized that repeated exposures to mutagens during this repair-deficient phase result in the accumulation of heritable genomic damage in mouse sperm that leads to chromosomal aberrations in zygotes after fertilization. We used a combination of single or fractionated exposures to diepoxybutane (DEB), a component of tobacco smoke, to investigate how differential DNA repair efficiencies during the three weeks of spermiogenesis affected the accumulation of DEB-induced heritable damage in early spermatids (21-15 days before fertilization, dbf), late spermatids (14-8 dbf) and sperm (7- 1 dbf). Analysis of chromosomalaberrations in zygotic metaphases using PAINT/DAPI showed that late spermatids and sperm are unable to repair DEB-induced DNA damage as demonstrated by significant increases (P<0.001) in the frequencies of zygotes with chromosomal aberrations. Comparisons between single and fractionated exposures suggested that the DNA repair-deficient window during late spermiogenesis may be less than two weeks in the mouse and that during this repair-deficient window there is accumulation of DNA damage in sperm. Finally, the dose-response study in sperm indicated a linear response for both single and repeated exposures. These findings show that the differential DNA repair capacity of post-meioitic male germ cells has a major impact on the risk of paternally transmitted heritable damage and suggest that chronic exposures that may occur in the weeks prior to fertilization because of occupational or lifestyle factors (i.e, smoking) can lead to an accumulation of genetic damage in sperm and result in heritable chromosomal aberrations of paternal origin.

Marchetti, Francesco; Marchetti, Francesco; Wryobek, Andrew J

2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

376

DNA Repair Decline During Mouse Spermiogenesis Results in the Accumulation of Heritable DNA Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The post-meiotic phase of mouse spermatogenesis (spermiogenesis) is very sensitive to the genomic effects of environmental mutagens because as male germ cells form mature sperm they progressively lose the ability to repair DNA damage. We hypothesized that repeated exposures to mutagens during this repair-deficient phase result in the accumulation of heritable genomic damage in mouse sperm that leads to chromosomal aberrations in zygotes after fertilization. We used a combination of single or fractionated exposures to diepoxybutane (DEB), a component of tobacco smoke, to investigate how differential DNA repair efficiencies during the three weeks of spermiogenesis affected the accumulation of DEB-induced heritable damage in early spermatids (21-15 days before fertilization, dbf), late spermatids (14-8 dbf) and sperm (7-1 dbf). Analysis of chromosomal aberrations in zygotic metaphases using PAINT/DAPI showed that late spermatids and sperm are unable to repair DEB-induced DNA damage as demonstrated by significant increases (P<0.001) in the frequencies of zygotes with chromosomal aberrations. Comparisons between single and fractionated exposures suggested that the DNA repair-deficient window during late spermiogenesis may be less than two weeks in the mouse and that during this repair-deficient window there is accumulation of DNA damage in sperm. Finally, the dose-response study in sperm indicated a linear response for both single and repeated exposures. These findings show that the differential DNA repair capacity of post-meioitic male germ cells has a major impact on the risk of paternally transmitted heritable damage and suggest that chronic exposures that may occur in the weeks prior to fertilization because of occupational or lifestyle factors (i.e, smoking) can lead to an accumulation of genetic damage in sperm and result in heritable chromosomal aberrations of paternal origin.

Marchetti, Francesco; Marchetti, Francesco; Wyrobek, Andrew J.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

On the Decline of Wintertime Precipitation in the Snowy Mountains of Southeastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from a precipitation gauge network in the Snowy Mountains of southeastern Australia have been analyzed to produce a new climatology of wintertime precipitation and airmass history for the region in the period 1990–2009. Precipitation amounts ...

Thomas H. Chubb; Steven T. Siems; Michael J. Manton

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Residual fuel consumption in the U.S. continues to decline - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil , gasoline, heating ... in the late 1970s, demand for residual fuel oil in the United ... Changes on both the residual fuel supply and demand side of the ...

379

Decline in Global Solar Radiation with Increased Horizontal Visibility in Germany between 1964 and 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistically significant decrease in mean annual global solar radiation between 1964 and 1990 under completely overcast skies was found at five out of eight studied locations in Germany. A decrease of global solar radiation is also evident in ...

Beate G. Liepert; George J. Kukla

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

World petroleum use sets record high in 2012 despite declines in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... fell by 290,000 bbl/d between 2010 and 2012 as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards led to improvements in vehicle fuel economy that outpaced highway ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

2012 Brief: Coal and mid-continent crude oil prices declined ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

During these periods, pipeline constraints into the Northeastern United States led to increased separation of the average natural gas wholesale (spot) ...

382

Domestic oil production reversed decades-long decline in 2009 and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

While much of the increase in 2009 was associated with deepwater developments in the Federal Gulf of Mexico, the increase in 2010 was led by escalating horizontal ...

383

Invest or Exit? Optimal Decisions in the Face of a Declining Profit Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even in the face of deteriorating and highly volatile demand, firms often invest in, rather than discard, aging technologies. To study this phenomenon, we model the firm's profit stream as a Brownian motion with negative drift. At each point in time, ... Keywords: decision analysis, diffusion, finance, investment criteria, probability, sequential

H. Dharma Kwon

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Statistical Journal of the United Nations ECE 23 (2006) 110 1 New forecast: Population decline postponed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Journal of the United Nations ECE 23 (2006) 1­10 1 IOS Press New forecast: Population, Finland fStatistics Norway, Oslo, Norway Abstract. We present results of a probabilistic forecast for the population in 18 European countries, to 2050. Other forecasts have recently predicted a falling population

Løw, Erik

385

Canada Week: Canada is a declining market for U.S. coal - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... plans to enforce a strict performance standard for all coal-fired units. The addition of the new regulations will likely encourage ...

386

Decline in urinary retention incidence in 805 patients after prostate brachytherapy: The effect of learning curve?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the incidence and factors predictive of acute urinary retention (AUR) in 805 consecutive patients treated with prostate brachytherapy monotherapy and to examine the possible effect of a learning curve. Methods and Materials: Between July 1998 and November 2002, 805 patients were treated with prostate brachytherapy. Low-risk patients (Gleason Score (GS) {<=}6; prostate specific antigen (PSA) {<=}10, and {<=} T2b [UICC 1997]) received implant alone. Patients with prostate volume of 50 cc or more, GS = 7, or PSA = 10 to 15 received 6 months of androgen suppression (AS) with brachytherapy. Patient, treatment, and dosimetric factors examined include baseline prostate symptom score (IPSS), diabetes, vascular disease, PSA, Gleason score, clinical stage, AS, ultrasound planning target volume (PUTV), postimplant prostate volume (obtained with 'Day 30' postimplant CT), CT:PUTV ratio (surrogate for postimplant edema), number of seeds, number of needles, number of seeds per needle, dosimetric parameters (V100, V150, and D90), date of implant (learning curve), and implanting oncologists. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out. Results: Acute urinary retention in the first 200 patients was 17% vs. 6.3% in the most recently treated 200 patients (p = 0.002). Overall AUR was 12.7%, and prolonged urinary obstruction incidence (>20 days) was 5%. On multivariate analysis, factors predictive of any AUR include baseline IPSS (p = < 0.004), CT:PUTV ratio (p = < 0.001), PUTV (p = < 0.001), and implant order (learning curve) (p = 0.001). Factors predictive for 'prolonged' catheterization (>20 days) on multivariate analysis include IPSS (p < 0.01), number of needles (p < 0.001), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.048), and CT:PUTV ratio (p < 0.001) Conclusion: Over the years, our AUR rate has fallen significantly (from 17% to 6.3%). On multivariate analysis, highly significant factors include IPSS, PUTV, CT:PUTV ratio (i.e., degree of prostate edema), and order of implant (learning curve). Over the course of the program, we have deliberately reduced the number of needles and OR time per patient, which have potentially minimized intraoperative trauma and may have contributed to less toxicity. A learning curve in prostate brachytherapy programs affect not only the outcome but also the toxicity from the treatment.

Keyes, Mira [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada)]. E-mail: mkeyes@bccancer.bc.ca; Schellenberg, Devin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Moravan, Veronika M.Sc. [Population and Preventive Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada); McKenzie, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Agranovich, Alexander [Fraser Valley Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Pickles, Tom [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Wu, Jonn [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Liu, Mitchell [Fraser Valley Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Bucci, Joseph M.B.B.S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. George Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia); Morris, W. James [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Pathogens, Nutritional Deficiency, and Climate Influences on a Declining Moose Population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

occupancy and movements of radiocollared moose: (1) Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), (2) Red Lake migration during the study. The 249-km2 ANWR site was covered by marshes (;56%) comprised of cattails (Typha [USFWS], ANWR files). Both RLWMA and portions of AGR were located within the Beltrami Island State Forest

388

Factors Affecting the Start-up, Operation and Decline of a Laboratory ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selective Recovery of Gold from E-wastes by Using Cellulosic Wastes · Stabilization of Chromium-Based Slags with FeS2 and FeSO4 · Sulphide Precipitation ...

389

Processing factors contributing to growth and decline in the steel industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the second half of the twentieth century, a technological shift occurred in the steel industry. A different mix of refining and melting furnaces were used, with increasing use being made of basic oxygen and electric ...

Dufalla, Michele (Michele Helene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Decline of Leaf Hydraulic Conductance with Dehydration: Relationship to Leaf Size and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

days to reduce energy use. · The design team is investigating on-site, micro-hydro power by using water

Grether, Gregory

391

Male Patient Visits to the Emergency Department Decline During the Play of Major Sporting Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X, no . 2 : May 2009 Western Journal of Emergency MedicineAssociate Professor of Emergency Medicine, University oftelevised sporting event on emergency department census. J

Jerrard, David A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy ‘Apollo’ or ‘Manhattan’ project, as these ventures pyIncrease n/a Program Manhattan Project Apollo Program

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Monthly Highlights from Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station April 2009 Sustainable Greenhouse Practices begin with Energy Audits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Graphics ·State Property Accounting ·Facility Audits ·MailTech ·Business Office ·Central Warehouse · Strategic Planning · Capital Planning · Emergency Planning · Information Systems · Utility Budgets · Energy

Goodman, Robert M.

394

THERMAL TREATMENT REVIEW . WTE I THERMAL TREATMENT Since the beginning of this century, global waste-to-energy capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the dust source, changed intensity of the atmospheric flow or to changed scavenging parameters. Furthermore supported by funding agencies in Denmark (SNF), Belgium (FNRS-CFB), France (IFRTP and INSU/CNRS), Ger-5 many.: Oxygen isotope and palaeotem- perature records from six Greenland ice-core stations: Camp Century, Dye-3

Columbia University

395

"Now Dead I Begin to Sing": A Protohistoric Clothes-Burning Ceremonial Feature in the Colorado Desert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. 1965 Warriors of the Colorado. Norman: Uni- versity of1861 Report Upon the Colorado River of the West. Washington:Research in the Colorado Desert: Recent Approaches and

Schaefer, Jerry

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

DOE Announces Additional Tour Seats Available: Tours of B Reactor at the Hanford Site Begin and End in Richland, Wash.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

RICHLAND, Wash. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has made additional seats available for tours of the B Reactor National Historic Landmark this July and August.

397

To Begin the World Anew: Smart Grids and the Need for a Comprehensive U.S. Energy Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States is in the midst of a monumental transformation of its electric power grid. Advances in information and communication technologies and grid measurement and control devices have initiated the transition toward a more resilient, sustainable and efficient future power grid. Deployment of these technologies is being driven by policies encouraging the shift to a greener grid, incorporating clean and low carbon energy; as well as rising consumer demand for smarter ways to use existing resources.

Foster, Nikolas AF

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

ENVIRONMENTALLY DRIVEN GLOBAL EVOLUTION OF GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Utilizing high-resolution large-scale galaxy formation simulations of the standard cold dark matter model, we examine global trends in the evolution of galaxies due to gravitational shock heating by collapse of large halos and large-scale structure. We find two major global trends. (1) The mean specific star formation rate (sSFR) at a given galaxy mass is a monotonically increasing function with increasing redshift. (2) The mean sSFR at a given redshift is a monotonically increasing function of decreasing galaxy mass that steepens with decreasing redshift. The general dimming trend with time merely reflects the general decline of gas inflow rate with increasing time. The differential evolution of galaxies of different masses with redshift is a result of gravitational shock heating of gas due to formation of large halos (groups and clusters) and large-scale structure that moves a progressively larger fraction of galaxies and their satellites into environments where gas has too high an entropy to cool to continue feeding resident galaxies. Overdense regions where larger halos are preferentially located begin to be heated earlier and have higher temperatures than lower density regions at any given time, causing sSFR of larger galaxies to fall below the general dimming trend at higher redshift than less massive galaxies and galaxies with high sSFR to gradually shift to lower density environments at lower redshift. We find that several noted cosmic downsizing phenomena are different manifestations of these general trends. We also find that the great migration of galaxies from blue cloud to red sequence as well as color-density relation, among others, may arise naturally in this picture.

Cen Renyue, E-mail: cen@astro.princeton.edu [Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

399

Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: Four factors that explain the decline and six that do not  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at

Steven D. Levitt; Steven D. Levitt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Three-Dimensional (3-D) Reconstructions of EISCAT IPS Velocity Data in the Declining Phase of Solar Cycle 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the solar wind during whole Sun month: comparisons withsolar wind heading between the Earth and east of the Sun asSun and inner heliosphere seemed to show signs of similar solar-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The role of power line rights-of-way as an alternative habitat for declined mire butterflies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of s(t), and each row has 16s+L - 1 states, representing all possible waiting times to transmission the transmission is completed and the node moves at the next time slot to row s - 1(except if s was 1). If we adopt networking standards (e.g.. EEE 802.3 CSMAICD (ethemet) standard [14], IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard [15

Kotiaho, Janne S.

402

Precipitation Shifts over Western North America as a Result of Declining Arctic Sea Ice Cover: The Coupled System Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in Arctic sea ice cover have the potential to impact midlatitude climate. A previous sensitivity study utilizing the National Center for Atmospheric Research’s (NCAR) atmospheric general circulation model [AGCM; Community Climate Model, ...

Jacob O. Sewall

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under California?s “net metering” system, we do not expectmay opt in to the net metering system that compensates themof the rate structure and net metering is that electricity

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect of falling home prices on small business borrowing,”2 Understanding the Solar Home Price Premium: Electricitysocial influences on price,” Journal of Political Economy,

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Age identity, gender, and perceptions of decline: Does feeling older lead to pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives. Drawing on past studies of age identity, this article examined whether feeling older was associated with more pessimistic views about cognitive aging. Methods. Using respondents aged 55 years and older in the Midlife Development in the United States study, we estimated a series of linear regression models to predict people ’ s dispositions toward their cognitive aging. The main comparison is whether the effects of age identity on cognitive aging differ for men and women. Results. Beyond the effects of chronological age, older age identities were associated with more pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging. This relationship, however, was found only among women. Discussion. Age identity shapes cognitive aging dispositions, though the gendered nature of this relationship remains somewhat unclear. The findings give further evidence about the far-reaching implications of age identity for successful aging and suggest that future work can explicate how subjective aging processes may differ by gender.

Markus H. Schafer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

graduates and of registered Prius hybrid vehicles. The finalOutside of the Toyota Prius, solar homes are perhaps thetract and the Toyota Prius share of registered vehicles in

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

83 Capitalization of soalr homes: evidence from Sacramento2.7 Capitalization of soalr homes: evidence from Sacramento

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Home Price Premium: Electricity Generation and “Green”of solar photovoltaic electricity production,” UCEI Workinghas California?s residential electricity consumption been so

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

All use subject to JSTOR Terms and ConditionsThe Decline and Fall of Type II Error Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The

Author(s) Steve Verrill; Mark Durst; Steve Verrill; Mark Durst

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Improvement and decline of cognitive function in schizophrenia over one year: a longitudinal investigation using latent growth modelling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Candice Blackwell2, Fiona Hynes2, Barbara J Sahakian1, Eileen M Joyce3 and Peter B Jones1 Address: 1University of Cambridge Department of Psychiatry, Box 189 Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK, 2Research & Development Department... , Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Duncan Macmillan House, Nottingham NG3 6AA, UK and 3Division of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, South Kensington Campus, Imperial College, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK Email: Jennifer H Barnett...

Barnett, Jennifer H; Croudace, Tim J; Jaycock, Sue; Blackwell, Candice; Hynes, Fiona; Sahakian, Barbara J; Joyce, Eileen M; Jones, Peter B

2007-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

411

Contributions of weather and fuel mix to recent declines in U.S. energy and carbon intensity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Administration), 2000a, Monthly energy review July 2000 (EIAEIA's July 2000 Monthly Energy Review (MER) (US DOE 2000a).Administration’s Monthly Energy Review series. The study

Davis, W. Bart; Sanstad, Alan H.; Koomey, Jonathan G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Rate-decline Relations for Unconventional Reservoirs and Development of Parametric Correlations for Estimation of Reservoir Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-rate analysis and time-rate-pressure analysis methods are available to estimate reserves and study flow performance of wells in unconventional gas reservoirs. However, these tools are often incorrectly used or the analysis can become difficult because of the complex nature of the reservoir system. Conventional methods (e.g., Arps' time-rate relations) are often used incorrectly to estimate reserves from such reservoirs. It was only recently that a serious study was conducted to outline the limitations of these relations and to set guidelines for their correct application. New time-rate relations, particularly the Duong and logistic growth model, were introduced to estimate reserves and forecast production from unconventional reservoirs. These new models are being used with limited understanding of their characteristics and limitations. Moreover, well performance analyses using analytical/semi-analytical solutions (time-rate-pressure) are often complicated from non-uniqueness that arises when estimating well/formation properties. In this work, we present a detailed study of the Duong model and logistic growth model to investigate the behaviors and limitations of these models when analyzing production data from unconventional reservoirs. We consider production data generated from numerical simulation cases and data obtained from unconventional gas reservoirs to study the quality of match to specific flow regimes and compare accuracy of the reserve estimates. We use the power-law exponential model (PLE), which has been shown to model transient, transition and boundary-dominated flow regimes reliably, as a benchmark to study performance of Duong and logistic growth models. Moreover, we use the "continuous EUR" approach to compare these models during reserve estimation. Finally, we develop four new time-rate relations, based on characteristics of the time-rate data on diagnostic plots. Using diagnostic plots we show that the new time-rate relations provide a quality match to the production data across all flow regimes, leading to a reliable reserve estimate. In a preliminary study, we integrated time-rate model parameters with fundamental reservoir properties (i.e., fracture conductivity (Fc) and 30 year EUR (EUR30yr)), by studying 15 numerical simulation cases to yield parametric correlations. We have demonstrated a methodology to integrate time-rate model parameters and reservoir properties. This method avoids the non-uniqueness issues often associated with model-based production data analysis. This study provides theoretical basis for further demonstration of the methodology using field cases.

Askabe, Yohanes 1985-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Organization of Energetic Particles by the Solar Wind Structure During the Declining to Minimum Phase of Solar Cycle 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the longitude distribution of solar energetic particles. J.shocks in deter- mining solar energetic particle abundances.J.E. , Dwyer, J.R. : 2006a, Solar cycle variations in the

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Evidence of a Possible Decline since 1989 in False Killer Whales (Pseudorca crassidens) around the Main Hawaiian Islands1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 1989 survey were all substantially greater than those from more recent aerial and ship-based surveys for the entire main Hawaiian Islands from recent aerial surveys (121 individuals, CV ÂĽ 0.47) or mark are available from two sources: aerial surveys in 1993, 1995, and 1998 (Mobley et al. 2000) and mark

Baird, Robin W.

415

Pre-test estimates of temperature decline for the LANL Fenton Hill Long-Term Flow Test  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Pre-test predications for the Long-Term Flow Test (LTFT) of the experimental Hot Dry Rock (HDR) reservoir at Fenton Hill were made using two models. Both models are dependent on estimates of the ``effective`` reservoir volume accessed by the fluid and the mean fracture spacing (MFS) of major joints for fluid flow. The effective reservoir volume was estimated using a variety of techniques, and the range of values for the MFS was set through experience in modeling the thermal cooldown of other experimental HDR reservoirs. The two pre-test predictions for cooldown to 210{degrees}C (a value taken to compare the models) from initial temperature of 240{degrees}C are 6.1 and 10.7 years. Assuming that a minimum of 10{degrees}C is required to provide an unequivocal indication of thermal cooldown, both models predict that the reservoir will not exhibit observable cooldown for at least two years.

Robinson, B.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Kruger, P. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Geothermal Program

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Organization of Energetic Particles by the Solar Wind Structure During the Declining to Minimum Phase of Solar Cycle 23  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dissertation, Univ. California, Los Angeles. Jian, L. ,Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA e-Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA G.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SSRN eLibrary 2010. The California State University RealA Homeowner's guide to foreclosure in California,”California Department of Real Estate, Carrell, S. E. and M.

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Energy Policy, Volume 38: Issue 11. November 2010 Overview of Current Energy Efficiency Policies in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy, Volume 38: Issue 11. November 2010 1 Overview of Current Energy Efficiency Policies in support of this goal. These policies and programs, created after almost a decade of decline of the energy of these policies and programs to begin to understand issues that will play a critical role in China's energy

419

3 July 2008 Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is now increasing, while oil production has stagnated. Oil production will peak and be constrained amount. Fossil Fuel Facts. Oil slightly exceeds coal as a source of CO2 emissions today (Figure 1a). But and 2030, except where CO2 is captured, atmospheric CO2 will peak at 400-425 ppm and then begin to decline

Hansen, James E.

420

aug00n  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 Summary World oil markets, while remaining sensitive to near-term supply indicators, including U.S. inventory levels, are, in our estimation, still on track to deliver gradually declining crude oil prices through the end of this year and through 2001 as well. World supply in 2000 (76.6 million barrels per day) is expected to exceed demand (75.8 million barrels per day), leading to a reversal of the downshift in petroleum inventories in industrialized countries observed since mid-1999. Our base case projections imply that, while average crude prices will have risen over $9 per barrel in 2000, an average decline of $4 - $5 per barrel is seen for 2001. In midsummer, weekly retail gasoline prices have retreated sharply since late June, exceeding our previous estimates of expected declines. Weekly price

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2013_summer_fuels.pptx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

S F l O tl k 2013 Summer Fuels Outlook April 9, 2013 www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Key factors driving the short-term outlook * World liquid fuels consumption growth driven by emerging economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD countries. * Non-OPEC supply growth, particularly in North America, pp y g , p y , expected to keep pace with world liquid fuels consumption growth and contribute to modest declines in world crude oil prices. prices. * Brent crude oil prices fall gradually over the forecast, averaging, from $112 per barrel in 2012 to $108 per barrel in g g, $ p $ p 2013 and $101 per barrel in 2014. The discount for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil relative to other world

422

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Productions and Imports Productions and Imports figure dataNet imports of energy decline both in absolute terms and as a share of total U.S. energy consumption in the AEO2014 Reference case (Figure 10). The decline in energy imports reflects increased domestic production of petroleum and natural gas, along with demand reductions resulting from rising energy prices and gradual improvement in vehicle efficiency. At the same time, natural gas exports increase (as domestic supplies increase and it becomes attractive to liquefy the natural gas for export), along with exports of motor gasoline (as demand declines and refiners are left with more than they can sell domestically) and exports of crude oil (as lighter domestic crude oil is swapped for the heavier crudes more commonly run in modern refineries). The net import share of total U.S.

423

A literature review of the history and current state of the concept of eco-cities must begin with a proviso  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Review of Eco-City International Review of Eco-City Theory, Indicators, and Case Studies Nan Zhou and Christopher Williams China Energy Group Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory March 2013 This work was supported by the China Sustainable Energy Program of the Energy Foundation and the Collaborative Labeling & Appliance Standards Program through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY LBNL-6153E Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any

424

The Color of Money in Greater Boston: Patterns of Mortgage Lending and Residential Segregation at the Beginning of the New Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999. “’The Color of Money’ Revisited: Racial Lending1988. “The Color of Money,” Atlanta-Journal Constitution (Nancy McArdle, 2004. “More than Money: The Spatial Mismatch

Campen, Jim

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Department of Energy Begins Demolition on K-25's East Wing- Moves closer to completing Oak Ridge’s largest cleanup project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Earlier today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began the demolition of Building K-25’s east wing.

426

I remember wondering at the beginning what the Leadership course might be like. Was there something particular about leading the energy industry?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- mentals--planning, development and implementation--of WAGES (water, air, gas, electricity and steam generation, transmission and distribution and those pertaining to gas production, transmission and distribution. You will also survey indoor air quality standards, rate structures and learn how to conduct

Thomases, Becca

427

Central-West Anatolia at the end of 7th and beginning of 6th millennium BCE in the light of pottery from Ulucak (Izmir).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Study had several research goals which would be of interest to prehistorians working in the Aegean and Anatolia. The foremost aim was to construct an… (more)

Çilingiroglu, Çiler

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

BlueOptions 05360 Coverage Period: Plans beginning on 8/16/2012 8/15/2013 with BlueScript I Prescription Coverage ($20/$30/$50)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Glossary. You can view the Glossary at www.floridablue.com or call 1-800-664-5295 to request a copy't clear about any of the underlined terms used in this form, see the Glossary. You can view the Glossary

Roy, Subrata

429

BlueOptions 6305 Coverage Period: Plans beginning on 08/15/2012 08/14/2013 with BlueScript I Prescription Coverage ($20/$50/$50)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.floridablue.com. If you aren't clear about any of the underlined terms used in this form, see the Glossary. You can view the Glossary at www.floridablue.com or call 1-800-664-5295 to request a copy. This is only a summary. If you any of the underlined terms used in this form, see the Glossary. You can view the Glossary at www

Weston, Ken

430

GT-MHR COMMERCIALIZATION STUDY FINAL CONTRACTUAL REPORT OF WORK PERFORMED FROM CONTRACT BEGINNING, JUNE 18,2001,TO CONTRACT END, JANUARY 31,2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OAK-B135 This is the final report of work performed by General Atomics on a Gas Turbine Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) commercialization study under contract to the Department of Energy, Oakland Operations Office. The contract work scope covered a series of discrete tasks relating to commercialization of the GT-MHR. During the first year of performance, June 18, 2001--June 30, 2002, the contract covered six tasks, Tasks 1 through 6. Subsequently, four additional tasks were added, Tasks 7,8,10 and 11. With the exception of Task 1, each of the contract Tasks involved the development of one or more discrete deliverable products. Task 1 covered activities performed by General Atomics as part of a several year fuel irradiation testing activity being conducted in cooperation with the European Union. The irradiation testing will not be completed for three or more years into the future. Future work by General Atomics on this irradiation test activity will be covered by a new contract.

SHENOY, AS

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE April 16, 2013 NOTE: Change in BS CS Requirements beginning Fall 2013 the 1 unit BIOL 101 lab is no longer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 ­ the 1 unit BIOL 101 lab is no longer required, but has been replaced with the 1-unit mandatory and an efficient path to graduation. We recognized that the required 1-unit BIOL 101 Lab had become impacted to improve their system and tools skills. To correct this, we dropped the 1-unit BIOL 101 Lab from our CS BS

432

I'm happy to report that The Earth Observer is beginning its 20th year as a NASA publication. The first issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arsenide GHG greenhouse gas GHP geothermal heat pump GSA General Services Administration GSHP ground source heat pump GS-IHP ground source integrated heat pump GUI graphical user interface GW gigawatt GWh Reliability and Security TES thermal energy storage TM3PS Tactical Modular Mobile Microgrid Power Systems TPD

433

User Guide for the GREET Fleet Footprint Calculator 1.0 Beginning in 1998, the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Clean Cities Program enlisted expertise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas (LNG) Landfill Gas (LFG) Liquifed Petroleum Gas/ Propane (LPG) Electricity Gaseous Hydrogen (G.H2 in accordance with the desire to measure the petroleum displacement and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of medium represents the vehicle's operation activities. It is important to examine transportation fuels

Argonne National Laboratory

434

"In dreams begins responsibility:" the role of Irish drama and the Abbey Theatre in the formation of post-colonial Irish identity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research does not hope to give a finalized portrait of Ireland and its vast and diverse people. Instead, it hopes to add one more piece to the complicated mosaic that is an honest depiction of Irish personal and national identity. Several plays by authors considered to be quintessential Irish nationalists have been read in conjunction with those authorsÂ? biographies and the historical moments in which those plays were created, to offer a multi-faceted perspective to the intersection between art, politics and individual senses of personhood and nation. The final conclusion is that the growth and development of a nation requires that the definition of national identity be in a constant state of performance and revision. Several key conclusions can be drawn from the findings here. First, Irish identity is slippery and elusive. To try to finalize a definition is to stunt the growth of a constantly evolving nation. Secondly, personal and national identity formation cannot be separated into two distinct processes. Due to the unique political situation leading up to Irish independence and the subjugated state of all Irish people, regardless of their class or economic distinction, an individual always exists in relationship to those other members of his or her class, as well as those who define him or her by their differences. Finally, because of this constantly evolving state and this complicated interrelationship between the personal and the public, Irish stage drama bears a unique relationship to Ireland, and to critics seeking to analyze that literature. The multiplicity of the Irish experience demonstrates itself most clearly in the consistent newness of repeated performances of its classic texts. By examining the historical ruptures that resulted from the initial performances of those texts and comparing them to the texts themselves, documents that live outside of history until they are drawn back in by those who seek to reinterpret and re-perform them, researchers can witness the evolution of key ideas of Irish nationalism from their roots in personal experience, through the interpretive machine of the early Abbey audiences, and as they continue to transform in modern presentations.

Stout, Rebecca Lynn

435

Writing a Successful Cover Letter A cover letter is your first chance to make a strong impression on a search committee. It allows you to begin a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reports on blackouts that affect at least 50,000 customers or 300 MW of load. Reports for the years from of the best-studied examples is that of vampire bats. Vampire bats cannot survive more than one or two days locally, such as shedding load, switch- ing capacitors on or off, or changing generator set points

Biasutti, Michela

436

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Part B Permit Application [for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)]. Volume 4, Chapter D, Appendix D1 (beginning), Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which is designed for receipt, handling, storage, and permanent isolation of defense-generated transuranic wastes, is being excavated at a depth of approximately 655 m in bedded halites of the Permian Salado Formation of southeastern New Mexico. Site-characterization activities at the present WIPP site began in 1976. Full construction of the facility began in 1983, after completion of ``Site and Preliminary Design Validation`` (SPDV) activities and reporting. Site-characterization activities since 1983 have had the objectives of updating or refining the overall conceptual model of the geologic, hydrologic, and structural behavior of the WIPP site and providing data adequate for use in WIPP performance assessment. This report has four main objectives: 1. Summarize the results of WIPP site-characterization studies carried out since the spring of 1983 as a result of specific agreements between the US Department of Energy and the State of New Mexico. 2. Summarize the results and status of site-characterization and facility-characterization studies carried out since 1983, but not specifically included in mandated agreements. 3. Compile the results of WIPP site-characterization studies into an internally consistent conceptual model for the geologic, hydrologic, geochemical, and structural behavior of the WIPP site. This model includes some consideration of the effects of the WIPP facility and shafts on the local characteristics of the Salado and Rustler Formations. 4. Discuss the present limitations and/or uncertainties in the conceptual geologic model of the WIPP site and facility. The objectives of this report are limited in scope, and do not include determination of whether or not the WIPP Project will comply with repository-performance criteria developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (40CFR191).

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Wave guide impedance matching method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for modifying the end portion of a wave guide, whether hollow or solid, carrying electromagnetic, acoustic or optical energy, to produce a gradual impedance change over the length of the end portion, comprising the cutting of longitudinal, V-shaped grooves that increase in width and depth from beginning of the end portion of the wave guide to the end of the guide so that, at the end of the guide, no guide material remains and no surfaces of the guide as modified are perpendicular to the direction of energy flow. For hollow guides, the grooves are cut beginning on the interior surface; for solid guides, the grooves are cut beginning on the exterior surface. One or more resistive, partially conductive or nonconductive sleeves can be placed over the exterior of the guide and through which the grooves are cut to smooth the transition to free space.

Kronberg, James W. (Beech Island, SC)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Wave guide impedance matching method and apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for modifying the end portion of a wave guide, whether hollow and solid, carrying electromagnetic, acoustic or optical energy, to produce a gradual impedance change over the length of the end portion, comprising the cutting of longitudinal, V-shaped grooves that increase in width and depth from beginning of the end portion of the wave guide to the end of the guide so that, at the end of the guide, no guide material remains and no surfaces of the guide as modified are perpendicular to the direction of energy flow. For hollow guides, the grooves are cut beginning on the interior surface; for solid guides, the grooves are cut beginning on the exterior surface. One or more resistive, partially conductive or nonconductive sleeves can be placed over the exterior of the guide and through which the grooves are cut to smooth the transition to free space.

Kronberg, J.W.

1989-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

439

Colorado uranium production forecast for 1981 to 1990. [Monograph  

SciTech Connect

A decline in demand for yellowcake, a single-use commodity of which Colorado is the fourth largest producer, is influenced by several interrelated factors. The revised forecasts for 1990 assume that electric-power capacity will be lower than previous forecasts and that domestic production will supply 80% of the yellowcake. Production will be lower until inventory depletion allows a balanced market. Production rates will begin increasing after 1987. An appendix summarizes the factors influencing production rates. 10 references, 3 tables.

Morse, J.G.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Massive Gulf leak ushers in age of tough oil  

SciTech Connect

A recent public opinion poll released on June 24, 2010, concluded that 63 percent of those surveyed support the idea that reducing emissions and increasing alternative energy are worth pursuing even if that means increased costs. The Energy Information Administration's latest Annual Energy Outlook shows that the current financial crisis has reduced U.S. oil imports from their all time peak of 60 percent and projects a gradually declining percentage through 2035 under the reference case, and even lower if oil prices remain high -- reaching $210 per barrel by 2035 in 2008 dollars.

NONE

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook November 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. While West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices have remained slightly below our previous baseline projection for October, current prices are close to $29 per barrel, with prices for the 5 trading days ending November 5 averaging $29.20 per barrel (Figure 1). Our projected gradual decline toward $27 per barrel reflects a slow but steady return toward more normal levels of petroleum stock in industrialized countries compared to previous months. It is assumed in this Outlook that overall OPEC oil production (including natural gas liquids) in 2004 will decline from the 2003 average by about 0.7 million barrels per day as the effect of quota reductions offset increased output from Iraq. Two other factors will also

442

First Factor Impacting Distillate Prices: Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: World oil prices have tripled from their low point in December 1998 to August this year, pulling product prices up as well. But crude prices are expected to show a gradual decline as increased oil production from OPEC and others enters the world oil market. We won't likely see much decline this year, however, as prices are expected to end the year at about $30 per barrel. The average price of WTI was almost $30 per barrel in March, but dropped to $26 in April as the market responded to the additional OPEC production. However, prices strengthened again, averaging almost $32 in June, $30 in July, and $31 in August. The continued increases in crude oil prices indicate buyers are having trouble finding crude oil, bidding higher prices to obtain the barrels available.

443

West Texas Intermediate  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 of 19 2 of 19 Notes: World oil prices have nearly tripled from their low point in December 1998 to August this year, pulling product prices up as well. But crude prices are expected to show a gradual decline as increased oil production from OPEC and others enters the world oil market. We expect to see some decline over the next two months as prices are expected to end the year at about $30 per barrel. The average price of WTI was almost $30 per barrel in March, but dropped to $26 in April as the market responded to the additional OPEC production. However, prices strengthened again, averaging $30-$32 in July through August. In September, prices increased again to nearly $34, but then decreased to $33 in October. These crude oil price projections reflect: Fairly low world demand growth during 2000 of 1.5 percent, or 1.1 million

444

An American Perspective on British Higher Education: The Decline of Diversity, Autonomy and Trust in Post-war British Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

funding sources to increasingly autonomous universities ledfunding agency cannot easily make a judgment that university A is led

Trow, Martin A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

An American Perspective on British Higher Education: The Decline of Diversity, Autonomy and Trust in Post-war British Higher Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for a conference on the White Paper of 2003, sponsored byin my paper “Thoughts on the White Paper of 1991,” Higherresearch universities in the White Paper of 2003 the British

Trow, Martin A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Solar Wind Sources in the Late Declining Phase of Cycle 23: Effects of the Weak Solar Polar Field on High Speed Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isenberg, P.A. (eds. ) Solar Wind Nine, AIP Conf. Proc. 471,AT SOLAR MINIMUM Solar Wind Sources in the Late Decliningfor their high speed solar wind streams that dominate the

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Effects of synoptic-scale control on long-term declining trends of summer fog frequency over the Pacific side of Hokkaido Island  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, long-term visibility data for the Pacific side of Hokkaido Island, northeast Japan, are investigated to clarify the relationship between interannual variation in summer fog frequency (FF) and large-scale circulation patterns. At ...

Shiori Sugimoto; Tomonori Sato; Kazuki Nakamura

448

Solar Wind Sources in the Late Declining Phase of Cycle 23: Effects of the Weak Solar Polar Field on High Speed Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. , Arge, C.N. : 2008, Solar Phys. Lee, C.O. , Luhmann,De Pater, I. , et al. : 2009, Solar Phys. in press. Li, Y. ,G.W. , Kopp, R.A. : 1971, Solar Phys. 18, 258. Schatten,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Adapting the Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship Over the 20th Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptation is the only strategy that is guaranteed to be part of the world's climate strategy. Using the most comprehensive set of data files ever compiled on mortality and its determinants over the course of the 20th ...

Barreca, Alan

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

450

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship over the 20th Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptation is the only strategy that is guaranteed to be part of the world's climate strategy. Using the most comprehensive set of data files ever compiled on mortality and its determinants over the course of the 20th ...

Barreca, Alan

451

Solar Wind Sources in the Late Declining Phase of Cycle 23: Effects of the Weak Solar Polar Field on High Speed Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720,Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Part B Permit Application [for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)]. Volume 2, Chapter C, Appendix C1--Chapter C, Appendix C3 (beginning), Revision 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume contains appendices for the following: Rocky Flats Plant and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory waste process information; TRUPACT-II content codes (TRUCON); TRUPACT-II chemical list; chemical compatibility analysis for Rocky Flats Plant waste forms; chemical compatibility analysis for waste forms across all sites; TRU mixed waste characterization database; hazardous constituents of Rocky Flats Transuranic waste; summary of waste components in TRU waste sampling program at INEL; TRU waste sampling program; and waste analysis data.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Dairy Industry under New Zealand's Emissions Trading Scheme: Analysis of Farmers' Attitudes towards Climate Change: The Expense Created by the NZETS and the Point that Farmers will Begin to Reduce Emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Adaptation to actual climate change and contingency planning to reduce vulnerability from likely climate change effects is crucial for the New Zealand dairy industry. Thus… (more)

Fowles, Craig

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Geothermal investigations in Idaho: Geothermal resource analysis in Twin Falls County, Idaho:  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased utilization of the geothermal resource in the Twin Falls - Banbury area of southern Idaho has resulted in noticeable declines in the artesian head of the system. In order to determine the nature of the declines, a network of wells was identified for monitoring shut-in pressures and temperatures. In addition, a compilation of data and reconnaissance of the areal geology was undertaken in order to better understand the geologic framework and its relationship to the occurrence of the thermal waters in the system. The results of the monitoring indicate that while water temperatures have remained constant, the system shows a gradual overall decline in artesian pressure superimposed on fluctuations caused by seasonal use of the system. Well testing and the similarity of hydrographs resulting from well monitoring throughout the area suggest that there are no major hydrologic barriers to thermal water movement in the system and that wells are affected by increases and decreases in utilization of nearby wells. 46 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

Street, L.V.; DeTar, R.E.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3, 2003 (next release 2:00 p.m. on February 3, 2003 (next release 2:00 p.m. on February 20) Spot prices continued at unusually high levels over the past week (Wednesday to Wednesday, February 5-12), although regional trends were mixed. Northeast prices soared, prices in the Midwest and in California rose modestly, and prices at most other market locations declined. At the Henry Hub, the average spot price fell 4 cents per MMBtu for the week, ending trading yesterday (Wednesday, February 12) at $6.20. The NYMEX futures contract for March delivery broke the $6 barrier on Friday, then declined from that level to end trading yesterday at $5.785 per MMBtu. Beginning last Wednesday, the nation returned to the deep freeze after a brief respite of generally warmer-than-normal temperatures that began the

456

Text for 2009 CO2 Analysis  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2009: A Retrospective Review U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2009: A Retrospective Review The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently expanded its reporting of energy- related carbon dioxide emissions starting in the fall of 2009. This analysis examines the level and drivers of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2009. What happened to carbon dioxide emissions from energy use in 2009? In 2009, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in the United States saw their largest absolute and percentage decline (405 million metric tons or 7.0 percent) since the start of EIA's comprehensive record of annual energy data that begins in 1949, more than 60 years ago. While emissions have declined in three out of the last four years, 2009 was exceptional. As

457

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

independent power producers based on the electric power data forms, EIA-860B and EIA-906, which are the source of this information beginning this year. 1 In addition to the revisions to the data accounting system, EIA also has conducted significant data quality work to capture more companies in its natural gas surveys. This results in higher consumption than previously would have been the case. Total natural gas consumption fell to 22.2 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) from the record high of 23.3 Tcf in 2000, with a corresponding decline in the volume delivered to end users from 21.5 to 20.5 Tcf. In general, higher prices likely discouraged consumption. Residential and commercial consumption declined for the year, reflecting the influence of weather on these sectors (Figure 1). Temperatures were warmer than normal during the first and last quarters of the year. The weak economy contributed

458

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 independent power producers based on the electric power data forms, EIA-860B and EIA-906, which are the source of this information beginning this year. 1 In addition to the revisions to the data accounting system, EIA also has conducted significant data quality work to capture more companies in its natural gas surveys. This results in higher consumption than previously would have been the case. Total natural gas consumption fell to 22.2 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) from the record high of 23.3 Tcf in 2000, with a corresponding decline in the volume delivered to end users from 21.5 to 20.5 Tcf. In general, higher prices likely discouraged consumption. Residential and commercial consumption declined for the year, reflecting the influence of weather on these sectors (Figure 1). Temperatures were warmer than normal during the first and last quarters of the year. The weak economy contributed

459

Industrial Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy although, freight costs, favorable exchange rates and high capacity utilization will encourage future industrial investment. Industry will eventually enter a new period of major investment. Future industrial investment will be an opportunity to influence the energy efficiency of these facilities for generations to come. Program managers must begin engaging industrial customers now, in order to exploit this unprecedented opportunity to change future energy use patterns. This paper reviews recent market trends and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The Tight Coal Market: Volatility Spike or Trend?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spot coal market experienced a major price spike beginning in late 2000 and early 2001. This run-up in coal prices caught most producers and generators by surprise. While spot prices have declined from their peak, they remain well above historical levels. It is not clear whether this run-up in prices was merely a short-term event reflecting an increase in coal price volatility or the start of a new trend in coal pricing generally. This report analyzes possible causes of the price spike, the likelihoo...

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

RWP 09-06Time Variation in the Inflation Passthrough of Energy Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Bayesian estimates of a vector autoregression (VAR) which allows for both coefficient drift and stochastic volatility, we obtain the following three results. First, beginning in approximately 1975, the responsiveness of core inflation to changes in energy prices in the United States fell rapidly and remains muted. Second, this decline in the passthrough of energy inflation to core prices has been sustained through a recent period of markedly higher volatility of shocks to energy inflation. Finally, reduced energy inflation passthrough has persisted in the face of monetary policy which quickly became less responsive to energy inflation starting around 1985.

Todd E. Clark; Stephen J. Terry; Todd E. Clark; Stephen J. Terry

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Tracking Market Transitions: Key Trends in America's Electricity Markets: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

463

Tracking Market Transitions: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

464

NETL: Gasifipedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beginnings Beginnings Gasification has grown from a simple conversion process used for making "town gas" for industrial lighting to an advanced, multi-product, carbon-based fuel technology of today and tomorrow. Gasification was first used commercially in the 1800s for industrial and residential heating and lighting. As the use and distribution infrastructures for electricity and natural gas evolved, town gas use declined and gasification development paused. However, history has shown that the technology is revisited when access to natural gas, oil and petroleum products are limited. Today, gasification technology development is enjoying a renaissance as a means for producing electrical energy, synthetic natural gas, liquid fuels or chemical products from coal, biomass, or other carbon containing materials under increasingly stringent environmental constraints.

465

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices Crude Oil Figure DataWorld oil prices declined sharply in the second half of 2008 from their peak in mid-July of that year. Real prices trended upward throughout 2009, and through November 2010 they remained generally in a range between $70 and $85 per barrel. Prices continue to rise gradually in the Reference case (Figure 4), as the world economy recovers and global demand grows more rapidly than liquids supplies from producers outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2035, the average real price of crude oil in the Reference case is $125 per barrel in 2009 dollars, or about $200 per barrel in nominal dollars. The AEO2011 Reference case assumes that limitations on access to energy resources restrain the growth of non-OPEC conventional liquids production

466

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 1999 December 1999 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. World oil prices for the remainder of 1999 and all of 2000 are expected to remain above $20 per barrel. EIA believes that prices will rise from average November levels (an estimated $23.50 per barrel for the price paid by U.S. refiners for imported crude) by about $1 per barrel by December, due to increased demand in the winter and Y2K precautionary building of end-user inventories (see a brief discussion on Y2K impacts below). The world oil price is then expected to dip slightly to an average of $24.00 per barrel in January 2000 as the peak of the winter stock build passes before gradually declining to $20.50 per barrel by December 2000. This forecast assumes that OPEC compliance remains relatively strong

467

HIGHLLIGHTS  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

November 1999 November 1999 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. World oil prices for the remainder of 1999 and all of 2000 are expected to remain above $20 per barrel. EIA believes that prices will rise from average October levels (an estimated $21.50 per barrel for the price paid by U.S. refiners for imported crude) by $2 per barrel by December. The world oil price is then expected to remain at an average of $23.50 per barrel in January 2000 due to increased demand in the winter and Y2K precautionary building of end-user inventories (see a brief discussion on Y2K impacts below), before gradually declining to $20.00 per barrel by December 2000. This forecast assumes that OPEC compliance remains relatively strong through the winter, but that OPEC production increases after March 2000, either by an increase in quotas or a

468

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

24, 2001 24, 2001 Mild temperatures and moderate demand helped prices to decline gradually last week as markets returned to relatively normal operation. (See Temperature Map) (See Deviation from Normal Temperatures Map) At the Henry Hub, the spot market price for natural gas ended the week at $2.04 per million Btu, down 37 cents per million Btu from the previous Friday. On the futures market, the near-month (October) NYMEX contract settled on Friday at $2.103 per million Btu - off close to 60 cents from the previous Friday. The spot price for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil fell steadily from $28.85 per barrel ($4.974 per million Btu) on Monday to $ 25.50 or $4.40 per million Btu on Friday. Prices: Spot prices at many major market locations took a downward turn last

469

A History Of Geothermal Exploration In Washington | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Of Geothermal Exploration In Washington History Of Geothermal Exploration In Washington Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: A History Of Geothermal Exploration In Washington Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: The presence of Mt. St. Helens and other Quaternary andesitic volcanoes and other indicators, e.g., both thermal and both mineral springs, in the Washington Cascades suggests that this area has good potential for geothermal resources. Exploration for geothermal resources has been conducted in the region since the early 1970s, with surge of interest and exploration activity in 1974 when the Federal Government developed a leasing program for its land. This surge was followed by a gradual decline in activity through the early 1980s. During the mid 1980s,

470

highlightsx.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 6, 1999 August 6, 1999 Highlights World Oil Markets/Prices Prices. World oil prices for the remainder of 1999 and all of 2000 are now forecasted to be $2-$3 per barrel higher than they were in last month's forecast (Figure 1). This reflects a change in our assumptions concerning OPEC crude oil production. Previously, we had expected compliance with OPEC agreed cuts to peak in May or June 1999, before falling as higher prices triggered more production. Although we still expect this to occur, we have delayed the timing and are now forecasting that OPEC compliance will be relatively strong throughout the summer, before declining much more gradually than we had earlier forecasted. Increased compliance with cuts in OPEC production will not only keep prices from falling in the near-term but they should also reduce

471

HIGH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

000 000 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. We have found little need to adjust our oil price forecast from last month's report, since no evidence of significantly more bullish (or bearish) sentiment on the world oil market has arisen since last month. Our estimate from the December Outlook for the November imported oil cost still looks good at $23.50 and our current estimate for December's price at $24.75 is only slightly above last month's expected December level ($24.50). Thus, annual average prices remain, in our view, on a pace to show $5-per- barrel increases in both 1999 and 2000 (Figure 1). This pattern masks the more salient aspect of the forecast, which calls for steadily (but gradually) declining prices through 2000 and into 2001 when looking ahead by month from where we are today (Figure 2).

472

Summer_Gas_Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook -- April 2001) (Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook -- April 2001) 1 Summer 2001 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary April 2001 For the upcoming summer season (April to September), motor gasoline markets are projected to once again exhibit a very tight supply/demand balance. * Retail gasoline prices (regular grade) are expected to average $1.49 per gallon, slightly lower than last summer's average of $1.53 per gallon, but still above the previous (current-dollar) record summer average of $1.35 recorded in 1981. Nominal prices are expected to reach a peak of $1.52 per gallon in June but then decline gradually to about $1.43 by December. These projections presume no

473

RAPTOR observations of the early optical afterglow from GRB 050319  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The RAPid Telescopes for Optical Response (RAPTOR) system at Los Alamos National Laboratory observed GRB 050319 starting 25.4 seconds after gamma-ray emission triggered the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) on-board the Swift satellite. Our well sampled light curve of the early optical afterglow is composed of 32 points (derived from 70 exposures) that measure the flux decay during the first hour after the GRB. The GRB 050319 light curve measured by RAPTOR can be described as a relatively gradual flux decline (power-law index alpha = -0.37) with a transition, at about 400 s after the GRB, to a faster flux decay (alpha = -0.91). The addition of other available measurements to the RAPTOR light curve suggests that another emission component emerged after 10^4 s. We hypothesize that the early afterglow emission is powered by extended energy injection or delayed reverse shock emission followed by the emergence of forward shock emission.

P. R. Wozniak; W. T. Vestrand; J. A. Wren; R. R. White; S. M. Evans; D. Casperson

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

The orbital and superhump periods of the deeply eclipsing dwarf nova PU UMa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report unfiltered photometry during superoutbursts of PU UMa in 2009 and 2012. The amplitude was 4.5 magnitudes above mean quiescence and lasted at least 9 to 10 days. Superhumps were present with a peak-to-peak amplitude of up to ~0.3 mag, thereby confirming it to be a member of the SU UMa family of dwarf novae. The mean superhump period during the later part of the 2012 outburst was Psh = 0.08076(40) d. Analysis of the eclipse times of minimum, supplemented with data from other researchers, revealed an orbital period of Porb = 0.077880551(17) d. The superhump period excess was epsilon = 0.037(5). During the 2012 outburst, which was the better observed of the two, the FWHM eclipse duration gradually declined from 9.5 to 5 min. The eclipse depth was up to 1.7 magnitudes.

Shears, Jeremy; Littlefield, Colin; Miller, Ian; Morelle, Etienne; Pickard, Roger; Pietz, Jochen; Sabo, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Taiwan: An energy sector study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study on the economy of Taiwan, with special reference to the energy sector, revealed the following: Taiwan's rapid export-driven economic growth in the 1970s and 1980s has earned them the rank of ''Newly Industrialized Countries.'' Coal reserves measure less than 1 billion tons, and annual output has declined to below 2 million tons per year. Marginal amounts of crude are produced. Natural gas resources have been exploited both on- and offshore, through production amounts to little more than 1 billion cubic meters per year. Domestic hydrocarbon production is forecast to decline. Taiwan prssesses an estimated 5300 mW of exploitable hydropower capacity, of which 2564 mW had been installed by 1986. Taiwan has undertaken a massive program of nuclear power construction in response to the rapid rise in oil prices during the 1970s. Energy demand has risen an average of 9.0 percent per year since 1954, while real GNP has grown 8.6 percent per year. Sine 1980, oil has provided a lower share of total energy demand. Oil demand for transport has continued to grow rapidly. Declining production of domestic natural gas has led Taiwan to initiate LNG imports from Indonesia beginning in 1990. Coal has regained some of its earlier importance in Taiwan's energy structure. With declining domestic production, imports now provide nearly 90 percent of total coal demand. Taiwan is basically self-sufficient in refining capacity. Energy demand is expected to grow 5.4 percent per year through the yeat 2000. With declining output of domestic resources, energy dependency on imports will rise from its current 90 percent level. Government policy recognizes this external dependency and has directed it efforts at diversification of suppliers. 18 refs., 11 figs., 40 tabs.

Johnson, T.; Fridley, D.; Kang, Wu

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Title Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2011 Authors Bolinger, Mark, and Ryan H. Wiser Pagination 46 Date Published 10/2011 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Berkeley Lab has gathered price data on 81 U.S. wind turbine transactions totaling 23,850 MW announced from 1997 through early 2011. Figure ES-1 depicts these reported wind turbine transaction prices (along with the associated trend line), broken out by the size of the transaction (in MW). Figure ES-1 also presents average (global) turbine prices reported by Vestas for the years 2005 through 2010, as well as a range of reported pricing (among various turbine manufacturers) for transactions signed in 2010 and so far in 2011 (with 2011 prices generally lower than 2010 prices). After hitting a low of roughly $750/kW from 2000 to 2002, average wind turbine prices doubled through 2008, rising to an average of roughly $1,500/kW. Wind turbine prices have since declined substantially, with price quotes for transactions executed in 2010 and to date in 2011 ranging from $900-$1,400/kW depending on the manufacturer and turbine model. For example, turbines designed for lower wind speed sites - deploying higher hub heights and larger rotor diameters for a given nameplate capacity - are priced at the higher end of this range. These quotes suggest price declines of as much as 33% or more since late 2008, with an average decline closer to perhaps 20% for orders announced in 2010 (as opposed to in 2011, which has seen further price declines). These two substantial and opposing wind turbine price trends over the past decade - and particularly the doubling in prices in the 2002-2008 period - run counter to the smooth, gradually declining technology cost trajectories that are often assumed by energy analysts modeling the diffusion of new technologies, including wind power. Understanding and explaining this notable discrepancy between theory and historical reality is the primary motivation for this work. Taking a bottom-up approach, this report examines seven primary drivers of wind turbine prices in the United States, with the goal of estimating the degree to which each contributed to the doubling in turbine prices from 2002 through 2008, as well as the subsequent decline in prices through 2010 (our analysis does not extend into 2011 because several of these drivers are best gauged on a full-year basis due to seasonality issues).

477

Why choice of metric matters in public health analyses: a case study of the attribution of credit for the decline in coronary heart disease mortality in the US and other populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this case study. Methods and Results How does the difference in attributed credit come about? Within IMPACT, reduced population risks of CHD death derive from two sources: 1 Better treatment: By definition this only applies to those patients who come...

Gouda, Hebe N; Critchley, Julia; Powles, John W; Capewell, Simon

2012-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

478

Modeling U.S. Energy Use Changes with Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a general circulation model of Earth climate (PCM-IBIS) to drive an energy use model (DD-NEMS), we calculated the energy use changes for each year from 2003-2025 for the nine U.S. Census regions. We used five scenarios: 1) a reference with no change in temperatures from the 1970-2003 average, 2) a gradual 1 F rise in temperature by 2025, 3) a gradual 3 F rise by 2025, 4) a climate simulation with low temperature response to CO2 doubling in the atmosphere, and 5) a climate simulation with a more extreme response. The low-?T scenario had a cumulative reduction in energy of 2.1 Quads but an increase in cost of $14.8 billion. The northern states had reductions in cost over the entire period, but most other regions had increases in costs because increases in cooling costs outweighed reductions in heating and other energy uses. Higher temperature sensitivity resulted in increased warming, especially in the winter months. Because heating needs decreased, total energy requirements declined by a cumulative 4.2 Quads. However, total cost still increased $6.1 billion and carbon emissions still rose as coal-based electricity for cooling needs grew.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL; Hernandez Figueroa, Jose L [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

International Energy Outlook 2000 - World Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The IEO2000 projections reflect a change in short-term expectations for world oil prices. In the long term, OPEC production cutbacks are expected to be relaxed, and prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. The crude oil market rebounded dramatically in 1999. Prices rose from the low monthly average of $9.39 per barrel (nominal U.S. dollars) in December 1998 to $24.44 in December 1999, an increase of almost $15 a barrel. Prices were influenced by the successful adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) as well as several non-OPEC countries, notably, Mexico and Norway. In addition, the price decline in 1998 significantly dampened the annual

480

Extending the Model of KH 15D: Estimating the Effects of Forward Scattering and Curvature of the Occulting Ring Edge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The periodic eclipses of the pre-main-sequence binary, KH 15D, have been explained by a circumbinary dust ring inclined to the orbital plane, which causes occultations of the stars as they pass behind the ring edge. We compute the extinction and forward scattering of light by the edge of the dust ring to explain (1) the gradual slope directly preceding total eclipse, (2) the gradual decline at the end of ingress, and (3) the slight rise in flux at mid-eclipse. The size of the forward scattering halo indicates that the dust grains have a radius of a ~ 6 (D/3 AU) microns, where D is the distance of the edge of the ring from the system barycenter. This dust size estimate agrees well with estimates of the dust grain size from polarimetry, adding to the evidence that the ring lies at several AU. Finally, the ratio of the fluxes inside and outside eclipse independently indicates that the ring lies at a few astronomical units.

D. W. Silvia; E. Agol

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "declining gradually beginning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Reconstruction of vegetation and lake level at Moon Lake, North Dakota, from high-resolution pollen and diatom data  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution fossil-pollen and diatom data from Moon Lake, North Dakota, reveal major climate and vegetation changes near the western margin of the tall-grass prairie. Fourteen AMS radiocarbon dates provide excellent time control for the past {approximately}11,800 {sup 14}C years B.P. Picea dominated during the late-glacial until it abruptly declined {approximately}10,300 B.P. During the early Holocene ({approximately}10,300-8000 B.P.), deciduous trees and shrubs (Populus, Betula, Corylus, Quercus, and especially Ulmus) were common, but prairie taxa (Poaceae, Artemisia, and Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae) gradually increased. During this period the diatoms indicate the lake becoming gradually more saline as water-level fell. By {approximately}8000 B.P., salinity had increased to the point that the diatoms were no longer sensitive to further salinity increases. However, fluctuating pollen percentages of mud-flat weeds (Ambrosia and Iva) indicate frequently changing water levels during the mid-Holocene ({approximately}8000-5000 B.P.). The driest millennium was 7000-6000 B.P., when Iva annua was common. After {approximately}3000 B.P. the lake became less-saline, and the diatoms were again sensitive to changing salinity. The Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age are clearly evident in the diatom data.

Grimm, E.C.; Laird, K.R.; Mueller, P.G. [Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL (United States)]|[Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

highlights.html  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 8, 1999 July 8, 1999 Highlights World Oil Markets/Prices Prices. Despite a substantial increase in spot prices for crude oil at the very end of June (Figure 1), we have not significantly changed our crude price forecast for this update. We have raised our price forecast slightly for the next couple of months (Figure 2). However, the story is essentially the same: the combination of demand and supply changes will probably prevent even a normal seasonal increase in world oil inventories this year, resulting in a net inventory draw averaging over 800,000 barrels per day for all of 1999. Prices are expected to remain more or less flat until the end of the summer when world demand begins to exhibit some of the larger year-over-year increases expected for 1999. From that point, we see prices rising gradually through 2000 as

483

highlight  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets World Oil Prices - How High Will They Go? Our forecast this month is that the world oil price should remain high for most of the year as inventories are expected to remain low, even with an assumed increase in OPEC production of 1 million barrels per day beginning in April. The average cost per barrel of crude oil imported into the United States and delivered to U.S. refiners (the benchmark price used in this forecast) is expected to increase from $26.65 per barrel in the first quarter of 2000 to $27.65 per barrel in the second quarter this year. After that we expect a gradual falling off throughout the rest of 2000 and 2001 to end between $22.25 and $22.50 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2001 (Figure 1). (Note: for comparison purposes, the price of West Texas

484

PETSc: Documentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documentation Documentation Home Download Features Documentation Manual pages and Users Manual Citing PETSc Tutorials Installation AMS Changes Bug Reporting Code Management FAQ License Linear Solver Table Applications/Publications Miscellaneous External Software Developers Site PETSc is a sophisticated package and fully understanding its usage requires time. However, application programmers can easily begin to use PETSc from a high level and then gradually learn more details according to their needs. Users should read the users manual before attempting to do any serious coding with PETSc! PETSc users manual - pdf (fully searchable with hyperlinks) Index of all help topics Index of all manual pages Strategies for using PETSc with Fortran PETSc Manual Pages and Examples MPI TAO Vector Operations (Vec)

485

Northern Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern Lights Northern Lights Nature Bulletin No. 178-A February 6, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NORTHERN LIGHTS To a person seeing the Aurora Borealis or "northern lights" for the first time, it is an uncanny awe-inspiring spectacle. Sometimes it begins as a glow of red on the northern horizon, ominously suggesting a great fire, gradually changing to a curtain of violet-white, or greenish-yellow light extending from east to west. Some times this may be transformed to appear as fold upon fold of luminous draperies that march majestically across the sky; sometimes as a vast multitude of gigantic flaming swords furiously slashing at the heavens; sometimes as a flowing crown with long undulating colored streamers fanning downward and outward.

486

Usenetfs: A Stackable File System for Large Article Directories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet has grown much in popularity in the past few years. Numerous users read USENET newsgroups daily for entertainment, work, study, and more. USENET News servers have seen a gradual increase in the traffic exchanged between them, to a point where the hardware and software supporting the servers is no longer capable of meeting demand, at which point the servers begin "dropping " articles they could not process. The rate of this increase has been faster than software or hardware improvements were able to keep up, resulting in much time and effort spent by administrators upgrading their news systems. One of the primary reasons for the slowness of news servers has been the need to process many articles in very large flat directories representing newsgroups such as control. cancel and misc.jobs.offered. A large portion of the resources is spent on processing articles in these few newsgroups. Most Unix directories are organized as a linear unsorted sequence of entries. Large newsgr...

Erez Zadok; Ion Badulescu

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The key to better times is Opec pricing discipline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the author, 1988 proved again that Opec's ability to control world oil markets in tenuous at best. Oil analysts had trouble determining direction of the cartel, with forecasts showing a wide range of possibilities for oil prices. In the last half of the year, concern about a long-term collapse in oil prices sent many U.S. producers to the sidelines with drilling activity languishing at 911 rigs running at the end of November. Most active rigs were looking for natural gas, further complicating U.S. oil reserve replenishment. Opec gradually lost control of world oil markets in 1988. Opec impotence will continue unless non-Opec producers cooperate to cut output, global oil demand increases significantly, or members finally begin to seriously address the critical issue of adhering strictly to production quotas. The author discusses the status of OPEC and U.S. petroleum in regard to current U.S. and worldwide economic conditions.

Crouse, P.C. (Philip C. Crouse and Associates, Inc., Dallas, TX (US))

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Plant construction and community stress  

SciTech Connect

Communities and utilities can project the impact of construction workers, their families, and the services they require before a project begins and take steps to mitigate any negative effects. Systematic socio-economic assessment is only a decade old, but has gradually taken on the importance of environmental impact assessments. An Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) assessment of 12 case-study plants and their impact on neighboring communities found that population influx was more moderate than expected because of an indigenous work force, the willingness of new workers to drive long distances rather than relocate, and the shift in construction crafts required during the construction phase. Economic impacts were often more positive than expected. The study also underscored the need for proper assessment and appropriate mitigation planning. 2 references. (DCK)

Lihach, N.; Wyzga, R.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Hydroacoustic Assessment of Downstream Migrating Salmonids at the Dalles Dam in Spring and Summer, 1985 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hydroacoustic study of downstream migrating salmon and steelhead was conducted at The Dalles Dam. The primary objective was to estimate the effectiveness of the spillway and sluiceway in passing downstream migrants. The secondary goals were to provide information on the horizontal, vertical, and temporal distributions of downstream migrants. June 1, and the summer season was from July 1 to August 15, 1985. Nineteen transducers were deployed to monitor turbine, spillway, and sluiceway locations. The 10 h instantaneous spill effectiveness results showed that spill passed fish more efficiently during the summer study than during the spring study. During the period May 1-31 when the turbines, spillway, and sluiceway were all operating consistently, the sluiceway was found to be the most efficient method of passing fish on a percent flow basis. During the summer study, after the termination of spill, the sluiceway and turbines passed almost equal percentages of fish. The run timing during the spring showed steadily increasing numbers of fish until the peak of the run on May 16. Another, smaller peak occurred on May 20. Thereafter, passage gradually decreased through the end of the spring study. The spring run consisted of yearling chinook, steelhead and sockeye juvenile salmonids. During the summer study, fish passage gradually decreased, except for minor peaks near the beginning of the study. The summer migration consisted primarily of subyearling chinook juvenile salmonids.

Steig, Tracy W.; Johnson, Ward R. (BioSonics, Inc. Seattle, WA)

1986-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Variations in patterns of low fertility in South Korea in 2004: a county level analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the early 1960s, South Korea has been going through a rapid fertility decline, along with its socioeconomic development and effective family planning programs. After achieving a desired replacement level of fertility in 1984, the total fertility rate (TFR) of Korea has gradually declined to the level of lowest-low fertility. According to 2004 vital statistics, the TFR for Korea was 1.16-below the lowest-low fertility level of 1.3. Also, Korea's fertility rates have fluctuated and varied spatially, even at the level of low fertility. Undoubtedly, Korean family planning programs have been effective in population control through the last 40 years, but since 2000, the shift to pro-natal policies indicates that Korea's fertility transition is no longer a response to family planning policies. Rather, the level of socioeconomic development is still considered to have a significant effect on Korea's fertility decline. Thus, in this thesis, the primary objective is to examine the socioeconomic determinants of fertility differentials and the variation in low fertility among the counties in South Korea in 2004. Using data from the 2000 census and 2004 vital statistics, I tested the hypothesized relationships between the level of socioeconomic development and fertility based on the demographic transition theory (DTT), by estimating several Ordinary Least Square (OLS) multiple regression models. Specifically, socioeconomic predictors, such as agricultural attainment, labor force participation, and educational attainment, were primarily examined to test the validity of the DTT hypotheses. In addition, this thesis also examined the effects of women's status and traditional norms and cultural values on variation in fertility. My results showed that the DTT is applicable to an accounting of the variance in fertility rates among the Korean counties in 2004. Although the levels of fertility are extremely low all across the country, it is apparent that socioeconomic conditions are having an impact on fertility differentials in Korea.

Yoon, Jungwon

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Leap Seconds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... intervals the trend indicates that it is gradually slowing. This gradual decrease in the rotational rate is causing the duration of the mean solar second ...

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

492

Controlling annular gas flow in deep wells  

SciTech Connect

This article reports on the phenomenon of annular gas channeling. It can occur during primary cementing in wells with formations containing gas. Such channeling may lead to interzonal communication down hole, or even gas migration to the surface. Formation gas is normally contained by the cement slurry's hydrostatic pressure. Annular gas channeling usually results from volumetric changes associated with: cement hydration and fluid loss, poor cement placement techniques, high cement free water, cementing gelling properties, and excessive thickening times. Initially, the cement slurry acts as a true fluid, transmitting hydrostatic pressure to the formation gas and preventing its flow into the cement matrix. However, as the cement begins to set, changing from a fluid state to a rigid state, it gradually begins to lose its ability to transmit hydrostatic pressure. This period of change is usually referred to as the ''transition period.'' Shrinkage of the cement volume compounds the problem and eventually can lead to poor binding between the cement and formation, thereby allowing gas to flow through gaps at the formation-cement interface.

Matthews, S.M.; Copeland, J.C.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0, 2007 (next release 2:00 p.m. on May 17, 2007) 0, 2007 (next release 2:00 p.m. on May 17, 2007) Springtime temperatures in most regions of the country this week and lack of any significant cooling or heating load through much of the Lower 48 States led to an easing of natural gas spot prices since Wednesday, May 2. Furthermore, the formation of the first tropical storm of the 2007 Atlantic Hurricane Season 3 weeks prior to the beginning of the traditional hurricane season appeared to have no impact on the spot markets in the Lower 48 States. On the week (Wednesday-Wednesday, May 2-9), the Henry Hub spot price declined 18 cents per MMBtu, or 2.4 percent, to $7.46. In contrast to spot market activity, trading of futures contracts at the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) this week resulted in gains for all

494

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

October 9, 2001 October 9, 2001 After beginning last week down on Monday (10/1), spot prices at the Henry Hub moved up and peaked on Thursday before declining slightly to end trading last week at $2.12 per MMBtu-almost $0.30 higher than the previous Friday. At the NYMEX futures market, the settlement price for November delivery of natural gas moved up most days before dropping by almost $0.19 per MMBtu on Friday to end the week down from the previous Friday. Both the spot and futures markets were open on Columbus Day (10/8) and the downward trend at the Henry Hub continued as spot prices were reported to be $2.04 per MMBtu, while on the NYMEX the November contract gained over 4 cents. A key influence on prices last week seems to have been the weather. Cool weather moved into the Midwest on Wednesday affecting most markets in the

495

Energy Information Administration/Short-Term Energy Outlook - June 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2005 2005 Summer Motor Fuels Outlook Update (Figure 1) In May, while West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices oscillated from the low $50s range to $47 and back again, retail gasoline prices declined steadily from about $2.24 per gallon at the beginning of the month to $2.10 on May 30. On June 6, average retail prices were $2.12 per gallon. Pump gasoline prices for the summer (April-September) are now projected to average $2.17 per gallon, similar to last month's projection but still about 26 cents per gallon above the year-ago level. Crude oil prices are expected to remain high enough to keep monthly average gasoline prices above $2.00 per gallon through 2006. The

496

Draft STEO Bullets Â… December 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 January 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook January 13, 2009 Release Highlights This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include monthly forecasts through December 2010. The energy forecast is sensitive to economic conditions. In this forecast, U.S. real gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to decline by 2 percent in 2009, leading to decreases in domestic energy consumption for all major fuels. Economic recovery is projected to begin in 2010, with 2 percent year-over-year growth in GDP. In the past 6 months, the monthly average price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has fallen from $133 per barrel in July to $41 in December. WTI

497

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1, 2004 (next release 2:00 p.m. on March 18) 1, 2004 (next release 2:00 p.m. on March 18) Spot price changes were mixed while futures prices edged up by a penny or two over the past week (Wednesday to Wednesday, March 3-10). Warmer-than-normal temperatures over nearly the entire nation early in the week gave way to considerably cooler temperatures in parts of the South and to colder-than-normal temperatures in the Midwest, the Middle Atlantic, and New England beginning over the weekend. At the Henry Hub, the spot price declined a penny on the week, ending trading yesterday (Wednesday, March 10) at $5.33 per MMBtu. On the NYMEX, the futures contract for April delivery settled yesterday at $5.397 per MMBtu, just 2.2 cents higher than its settlement price one week ago. EIA reported that inventories were

498

Long Term World Oil Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: The following pages summarize a recent EIA presentation on estimates of the world conventional oil resource base and the year when production from it will peak and then begin to decline. A version of this presentation was given by former EIA Administrator Jay Hakes to the April 18, 2000 meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in New Orleans, Louisiana. Specific information about this presentation may be obtained from John Wood (john.wood@eia.doe.gov), Gary Long (gary.long@eia.doe.gov) or David Morehouse (david.morehouse@eia.doe.gov). Long Term World Oil Supply http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld001.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:23 PM] Slide 2 of 20 http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/presentations/2000/long_term_supply/sld002.htm [8/10/2000 4:56:24 PM]

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Purple traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer traps yield Reservation's first detection of Emerald Ash Borer The question of whether or not DOE's forests are infested with Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) has been answered. On May 10, a trap on Highway 95 at the Highway 58 interchange produced the first instance of the destructive non-native insect in Roane County. Five days later, a second trap on Bethel Valley Road near the East Portal turned up the first capture in Anderson County. "Unfortunately, these finds signal the beginning of a decline of ash species throughout the reservation" according to Greg Byrd, forester with the ORNL Natural Resources Program. "Dieback will become more prominent as the insect populations expand. Native ash trees have little defense against this pest, which was

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NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 · Regulated utilities began to sell their electric generation operations to nonregulated power producers in 1998. Fifty were sold during the year, with a relatively large number fueled by natural gas. It is anticipated that this is the beginning of a trend that will continue as the restruc- turing of the electric utility industry proceeds. Natural gas consumption at these facilities was previously included in electric utility consumption but is now included in industrial consumption. The inclusion of nonutility gas consumption in the industrial sector somewhat offset the decline in consumption by man- ufacturing groups that are intensive natural gas users. · Natural gas deliveries to electric utilities rose by 290 billion cubic feet to 3.3 trillion cubic feet, 10 percent above the 1997 level. Sustained periods of very high summer temperatures in the Southwest region,