Sample records for deck oven fryer

  1. Covered Product Category: Commercial Fryers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial fryers, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

  2. Energy Recovery from Potato Chip Fryers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKee, H. B.; Kympton, H. W.; Arnold, J. W.; Paisan, J. J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design, operating characteristics, and energy savings from an energy recovery system employed on a potato chip fryer which became operational in December, 1979, is discussed. The design incorporates a modification to an odor control system which...

  3. Energy Recovery from Potato Chip Fryers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKee, H. B.; Kympton, H. W.; Arnold, J. W.; Paisan, J. J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    permits heat recovery from the fryer cooking fumes. The fumes consist primarily of water vapor (11 psia) and air (3.7 psia) at a temperature of 275 F. About 10% of the available energy is dissipated in a scrubber which removes particulate material...

  4. Dr. Roland Fryer's Apollo 20 Report, "Injecting Charter School Best Practices into Traditional Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    1 Review of Dr. Roland Fryer's Apollo 20 Report, "Injecting Charter School Best Practices, 2014 Introduction The Apollo 20 program is a bold effort to turn around the lowest performing schools and superintendent asked HERC to review Dr. Fryer's report of the Apollo 20 program. Although Dr. Fryer's report has

  5. Covered Product Category: Commercial Fryers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategories »Fryers Covered

  6. Loose Canons on Deck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Posted originally on the Archive of Our Own at http://archiveofourown.org/works/592681. Rating: General Audiences Archive Warning: No Archive Warnings Apply Category: Gen Fandom: Mina de Malfois Character: Mina de Malfois - Character, Josh Amos... Additional Tags: Fandom Stats: Published: 2012-12-14 Words: 4215 Loose Canons on Deck by Kadorienne Summary Josh has been flooding fandom with old paper 'zine fics, and Mina is suspected of pseuicide. Notes Thank you to Grey Bard, invaluable humor consultant...

  7. Oven wall panel construction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ellison, Kenneth (20 Avondale Cres., Markham, CA); Whike, Alan S. (R.R. #1, Caledon East, both of Ontario, CA)

    1980-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An oven roof or wall is formed from modular panels, each of which comprises an inner fabric and an outer fabric. Each such fabric is formed with an angle iron framework and somewhat resilient tie-bars or welded at their ends to flanges of the angle irons to maintain the inner and outer frameworks in spaced disposition while minimizing heat transfer by conduction and permitting some degree of relative movement on expansion and contraction of the module components. Suitable thermal insulation is provided within the module. Panels or skins are secured to the fabric frameworks and each such skin is secured to a framework and projects laterally so as slidingly to overlie the adjacent frame member of an adjacent panel in turn to permit relative movement during expansion and contraction.

  8. Ovenized microelectromechanical system (MEMS) resonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsson, Roy H; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kim, Bongsang

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An ovenized micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) resonator including: a substantially thermally isolated mechanical resonator cavity; a mechanical oscillator coupled to the mechanical resonator cavity; and a heating element formed on the mechanical resonator cavity.

  9. Convection automated logic oven control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, M.A.; Eke, K.I. [Apollo U.S.A. Inc., Orlando, FL (United States)] [Apollo U.S.A. Inc., Orlando, FL (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past few years, there has been a greater push to bring more automation to the cooling process. There have been attempts at automated cooking using a wide range of sensors and procedures, but with limited success. The authors have the answer to the automated cooking process; this patented technology is called Convection AutoLogic (CAL). The beauty of the technology is that it requires no extra hardware for the existing oven system. They use the existing temperature probe, whether it is an RTD, thermocouple, or thermistor. This means that the manufacturer does not have to be burdened with extra costs associated with automated cooking in comparison to standard ovens. The only change to the oven is the program in the central processing unit (CPU) on the board. As for its operation, when the user places the food into the oven, he or she is required to select a category (e.g., beef, poultry, or casseroles) and then simply press the start button. The CAL program then begins its cooking program. It first looks at the ambient oven temperature to see if it is a cold, warm, or hot start. CAL stores this data and then begins to look at the food`s thermal footprint. After CAL has properly detected this thermal footprint, it can calculate the time and temperature at which the food needs to be cooked. CAL then sets up these factors for the cooking stage of the program and, when the food has finished cooking, the oven is turned off automatically. The total time for this entire process is the same as the standard cooking time the user would normally set. The CAL program can also compensate for varying line voltages and detect when the oven door is opened. With all of these varying factors being monitored, CAL can produce a perfectly cooked item with minimal user input.

  10. Green Water on Ship Decks Marilena Greco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    , Norway #12;Steps of Physical Investigation Water shipping scenarios Green-water kinematics and loads Dam-Breaking (DB) type Dam DB #12;Water-on-Deck Scenarios #12;Water-on-Deck Scenarios Plunging-wave;Water-on-Deck Scenarios Existence diagram Dam-Breaking events Plunging wave plus Dam-Breaking events

  11. Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL Solar Oven, Take One: FAIL June 15, 2011 - 11:56am Addthis Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon Choe Our homemade solar oven. | Courtesy of Moon...

  12. Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomass and Biofuels BiomassOutstanding-Long-Term-Liabilities

  13. Rapid baking characteristics and energy efficiency of an impingement air oven compared to a reel oven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lloyd Hobart

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    those baked in the reel oven. Buna baked in t h e im pi ngement ove n wer e a pp rex imately 10X smaller in volume. Instron shear force measurements o f the change i n f i rmnes s t h a t r el a te to sta ling showed that the impingement baked buna... isture leve 1 s with in the oven. Modern reel ovens can be heated quickly, have easily adjustable temperature control and have high heat ing e ff ic iency. In 1 975, Smi t h was granted a patent for the "Jet Sweep" air impingement oven in which jets...

  14. Method for processing coke oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flockenhaus, C.; Meckel, J.F.; Wagener, D.

    1980-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Coke oven gas is subjected, immediately after the discharge thereof from coke ovens, and without any preliminary cooling operation or any purification operation other than desulfurization, to a catalytic cracking operation to form a hot cracked gas which is rich in hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The catalytic cracking reaction is carried out in the presence of a hydrogen-containing and/or CO2-containing gas, with a steam reforming catalyst.

  15. Coke oven gas injection to blast furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maddalena, F.L.; Terza, R.R.; Sobek, T.F.; Myklebust, K.L. [U.S. Steel, Clairton, PA (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Steel has three major facilities remaining in Pennsylvania`s Mon Valley near Pittsburgh. The Clairton Coke Works operates 12 batteries which produce 4.7 million tons of coke annually. The Edgar Thomson Works in Braddock is a 2.7 million ton per year steel plant. Irvin Works in Dravosburg has a hot strip mill and a range of finishing facilities. The coke works produces 120 mmscfd of coke oven gas in excess of the battery heating requirements. This surplus gas is used primarily in steel re-heating furnaces and for boiler fuel to produce steam for plant use. In conjunction with blast furnace gas, it is also used for power generation of up to 90 MW. However, matching the consumption with the production of gas has proved to be difficult. Consequently, surplus gas has been flared at rates of up to 50 mmscfd, totaling 400 mmscf in several months. By 1993, several changes in key conditions provided the impetus to install equipment to inject coke oven gas into the blast furnaces. This paper describes the planning and implementation of a project to replace natural gas in the furnaces with coke oven gas. It involved replacement of 7 miles of pipeline between the coking plants and the blast furnaces, equipment capable of compressing coke oven gas from 10 to 50 psig, and installation of electrical and control systems to deliver gas as demanded.

  16. New process to avoid emissions: Constant pressure in coke ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giertz, J.; Huhn, F. [DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Pruefung mbH, Essen (Germany). Inst. for Cokemaking and Fuel Technology; Hofherr, K. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A chamber pressure regulation (PROven), especially effective in regard to emission control problems of coke ovens is introduced for the first time. Because of the partial vacuum in the collecting main system, it is possible to keep the oven`s raw gas pressure constant on a low level over the full coking time. The individual pressure control for each chamber is assured directly as a function of the oven pressure by an immersion system controlling the flow resistance of the collecting main valve. The latter is a fixed-position design (system name ``FixCup``). By doing away with the interdependence of collecting main pressure and chamber pressure, a parameter seen as a coking constant could not be made variable. This opens a new way to reduce coke oven emissions and simultaneously to prevent the ovens from damage caused by air ingress into the oven.

  17. aerock decking building: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.; White, E. 1994-01-01 20 VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR MINING SUBSIDENCE HAZARD DECK Olivier1 Physics Websites Summary: VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT...

  18. Structural Performance of a Full-Depth Precast Concrete Bridge Deck System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mander, Thomas

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    -depth concrete bridge deck overhangs, accelerating the construction of concrete bridge decks, by using full-depth precast prestressed concrete deck panels. Full-depth precast overhang panels in combination with cast-in-place (CIP) reinforced concrete...

  19. Fabrication procedure effects on fatigue resistance of rib -to-deck welded joints of steel orthotropic bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Hyoung-Bo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    details of orthotropic steel deck. Proc. , Internationalnew approaches to fatigue evaluation of steel bridges. International Journal of Steel Structures, KSSC, Vol. 6, No.

  20. Bridge deck designs for railing impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Althea Gayle

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    holes. The galvanized T101 post is constructed of a 26 1/8 in. long W6x20 (A36 steel) wide flange welded to a 10 in. x 9 in. x 7/8 in. base plate with I in. x 1 1/2 in. slotted bolt holes. In the bottom of the deck, the dashed lines running the width.... BOLT AP - Type of Bolt Anchor Plate. SPECIAL REINF. - Welded wire fabric was the only Special Reinforcing used in this design. PEAK LOAD Kips ? The ultimate (failure) load in Kips that the system withstood. DISPL in. - The lateral displacement...

  1. Deck Those Halls! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 This workDayton: ENERGY8 Deaerators3DecisionDeck Those

  2. TermoDeck | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation Tengchong County ZhongdianTennesseeTermoDeck

  3. OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PAVEMENT AND BRIDGE DECK SMOOTHNESS REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SUMMARY OF PAVEMENT AND BRIDGE DECK SMOOTHNESS REQUIREMENTS), HMA (hot mix asphalt), PCCP (P.C. concrete pavement) and Bridge Decks. Areas where 1/8 to 1/2 inch per written specifically for Pavement Smoothness which is summarized below and is also attached for your

  4. Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

  5. Prolongation technologies for campaign life of tall oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doko, Yoshiji; Saji, Takafumi; Kitayama, Yoshiteru; Yoshida, Shuhei [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Kashima, Ibaraki (Japan). Kashima Steel Works

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In Kashima Steel Works, 25-year-old 7-meter-high coke ovens have damage on their walls. However, by using new methods of internal in-situ investigation, ceramic welding for the extended central and upper portions of coke ovens has prolonged the campaign life for over 40 years without large-scale hot repair. In this paper, introduction of these new methods, its application in Kashima and the policy of repairing the tall coke oven are reported.

  6. A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce the heat transfer penetrating its roof deck by almost 85% of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibited attic air temperatures that did not exceed the peak day outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit home constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to access economics for the assembly.

  7. Structural loading of cross deck connections for trimaran vessels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, Jason L

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work investigates the fundamental relationships of wave loading on cross deck structures for trimaran vessels. In contrast with a monohull ship, trimaran vessels experience several possible structural loading cases ...

  8. Pipeline charging of coke ovens with a preheated charge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpov, A.V.; Khadzhioglo, A.V.; Kuznichenko, V.M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Work to test a pipeline charging method was conducted at the Konetsk Coke Works (a PK-2K coke oven system with a single gas main, oven width 407 mm, height 4300 mm, effective column 20.0 cm/sub 3/). This method consists of transporting the heated coal charge to the ovens through a pipe by means of steam. the charge is transported by high pressure chamber groups, and loaded by means of systems equipped with devices for separation, withdrawal and treatment of the spent steam. The principal goal of the present investigation was to test technical advances in the emission-free charging of preheated charges. The problem was, first, to create a reliable technology for separation of the steam from the charge immediately before loading it into the oven and, second, to provide a total elimination of emissions, thereby protecting the environment against toxic substances.

  9. Problem of improving coke oven gas purification systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldin, I.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the problems of improving desulfurization processes of coke oven gas was presented. Of particular interest were control systems and increasing capacity of the coke ovens. Included in the discussion were the vacuum-carbonate and arsenic-soda sulfur removal systems. Problems involved with these systems were the number of treatment operations, the volume of the reagents used, and the operation of equipment for naphthalene and cyanide removal.

  10. A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce its peak day heat transfer by almost 85 percent of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibits attic air temperatures that do not exceed the maximum daily outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the roof deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to gauge the cost of energy savings and potential payback.

  11. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

  12. A container for heat treating materials in microwave ovens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, C.E.; Dykes, N.L.; Kimrey, H.D. Jr.; Mills, J.E.

    1988-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficiency of a microwave oven of a conventional two-source configuration and energy level is increased by providing the oven with a container for housing a refractory material to be treated. The container is formed to top and bottom walls transparent to microwaves while the sidewalls, in a circular configuration, are formed of a nonmetallic material opaque to microwave radiation for reflecting the radiation penetrating the top and bottom walls radially inwardly into the center of the container wherein a casket of heat-insulating material is provided for housing the material to be heat treated. The reflection of the microwave radiation from the sidewalls increases the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the concentration of the microwaves upon the material being heat treated while the casket retains the heat to permit the heating of the material to a substantially higher temperature than achievable in the oven without the container.

  13. New process for coke-oven gas desulfurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Currey, J.H. [Citizens Gas and Coke Utility, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the EPA reclassifying spent iron oxide as a hazardous waste material in 1990, an alternative technology was sought for desulfurizing coke-oven gas. Vacasulf technology was adopted for reasons that included: producing of coke battery heating gas without further polishing and high-quality elemental sulfur; lowest operating cost in comparison with other methods; no waste products; and integrates with existing ammonia destruction facility. Vacasulf requires a single purchased material, potassium hydroxide, that reacts with carbon dioxide in coke-oven gas to form potassium carbonate which, in turn, absorbs hydrogen sulfide. Operation of the system has been successful following the resolution of relatively minor start-up problems.

  14. Operating and maintenance benefits of automated oven wall temperature measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leuchtmann, K.P. [Thyssen Still Otto Anlagentechnik GmbH, Bochum (Germany); Hinz, D.; Bergbau, D. [Ruhrkohle Bergbau AG, Bottrop (Germany). Prosper Coking Plant; Platts, M. [Thyssen Still Otto Technical Services, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    For a very long time and regardless of all shortcomings associated with it, the manual measurement of the heating flue temperature has been the only method of monitoring the temperature prevailing in a coke oven battery and discovering weak points in the heating system. In the course of the last few years a number of automated temperature measuring systems have been developed that are intended to replace or supplement the manual heating flue measurement system. These measuring systems and their advantages/disadvantages are briefly described in this paper. Additionally, operational experience gathered with the oven chamber wall temperature measuring system is discussed in detail.

  15. New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

  16. Development of advanced technology of coke oven gas drainage treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higashi, Tadayuki; Yamaguchi, Akikazu; Ikai, Kyozou; Kamiyama, Hisarou; Muto, Hiroshi

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 1994, commercial-scale application of ozone oxidation to ammonia liquor (which is primarily the water condensing from coke oven gas) to reduce its chemical oxygen demand (COD) was started at the Nagoya Works of Nippon Steel Corporation. This paper deals with the results of technical studies on the optimization of process operating conditions and the enlargement of equipment size and the operating purification system.

  17. Retrofit precipitators mounted on $28-million deck structure constructed over highway. [Ohio Edison Co. , Sammis station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kudich, R.L.; Kirchner, P.N.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Space problems resulted in a 900-foot concrete deck to hold retrofitted precipitators that collect particulates from the Ohio Edison's largest power station. Because the deck spans a state highway, a tight construction schedule was met using a bonus/penalty agreement. Design considerations included an open construction and riverbank work. 5 figures. (DCK)

  18. Automatic coke oven heating control system at Burns Harbor for normal and repair operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battle, E.T.; Chen, K.L. [Bethlehem Steel Corp., Burns Harbor, IN (United States); [Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An automatic heating control system for coke oven batteries was developed in 1985 for the Burns Harbor No. 1 battery and reported in the 1989 Ironmaking Conference Proceedings. The original system was designed to maintain a target coke temperature at a given production level under normal operating conditions. Since 1989, enhancements have been made to this control system so that it can also control the battery heating when the battery is under repair. The new control system has improved heating control capability because it adjusts the heat input to the battery in response to anticipated changes in the production schedule. During a recent repair of this 82 oven battery, the pushing schedule changed from 102 ovens/day to 88 ovens/day, then back to 102 ovens/day, then to 107 ovens/day. During this repair, the control system was able to maintain the coke temperature average standard deviation at 44 F, with a maximum 75 F.

  19. The Videofil probe, a novel instrument to extend the coke oven service life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaillet, J.P.; Isler, D. [Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau, Forbach (France)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    To prolong the service life of coke oven batteries, the Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau developed the Videofil probe, a novel instrument to conduct diagnoses and to help repair operations of coke ovens. The Videofil probe is a flexible non-water-cooled endoscope which is used to locate flue wall damage and estimate its importance, to define the oven zones to repair and guide the repair work and to control the quality of the repair work and its durability.

  20. Hygrothermal Performance of West Coast Wood Deck Roofing System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pallin, Simon B [ORNL; Kehrer, Manfred [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulations of roofing assemblies are necessary in order to understand and adequately predict actual the hygrothermal performance. At the request of GAF, simulations have been setup to verify the difference in performance between white and black roofing membrane colors in relation to critical moisture accumulation for traditional low slope wood deck roofing systems typically deployed in various western U.S. Climate Zones. The performance of these roof assemblies has been simulated in the hygrothermal calculation tool of WUFI, from which the result was evaluated based on a defined criterion for moisture safety. The criterion was defined as the maximum accepted water content for wood materials and the highest acceptable moisture accumulation rate in relation to the risk of rot. Based on the criterion, the roof assemblies were certified as being either safe, risky or assumed to fail. The roof assemblies were simulated in different western climates, with varying insulation thicknesses, two different types of wooden decking, applied with varying interior moisture load and with either a high or low solar absorptivity at the roof surface (black or white surface color). The results show that the performance of the studied roof assemblies differs with regard to all of the varying parameters, especially the climate and the indoor moisture load.

  1. MidAmerican Energy (Gas)- Commercial EnergyAdvantage Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    MidAmerican Energy offers a variety of incentives for commercial customers to improve the energy efficiency of facilities. Qualified natural gas equipment includes ovens, steamers, fryers, furnaces...

  2. X-ray evaluation of coke-oven gas line deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swain, Y.T.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Control of coke-oven gas pipeline deposits has been facilitated through the use of an X-ray technique that provides quantitative data without disrupting plant operations.

  3. Takahax-Hirohax process for coke oven gas desulfurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gastwirth, H.; Miner, R.; Stengle, W.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the Takahax-Hirohax process to desulfurize coke oven gas and to produce an ammonium sulfate end product. A review is also made of current operating experience and recent technical developments. The Takahax-Hirohax process is extremely useful when the COG contains a suitable ammonia to sulfur ratio and when ammonium sulfate is a desirable end product. No contaminated effluent streams are emitted from the process. The process is simple, reliable, flexible, and responds easily to COG variations. 4 figures, 3 tables. (DP)

  4. A coke oven model including thermal decomposition kinetics of tar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munekane, Fuminori; Yamaguchi, Yukio [Mitsubishi Chemical Corp., Yokohama (Japan); Tanioka, Seiichi [Mitsubishi Chemical Corp., Sakaide (Japan)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A new one-dimensional coke oven model has been developed for simulating the amount and the characteristics of by-products such as tar and gas as well as coke. This model consists of both heat transfer and chemical kinetics including thermal decomposition of coal and tar. The chemical kinetics constants are obtained by estimation based on the results of experiments conducted to investigate the thermal decomposition of both coal and tar. The calculation results using the new model are in good agreement with experimental ones.

  5. Desulphurization of coke oven gas by the Stretford Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plenderleith, J.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stretford process is probably the most effective means available for removing hydrogen sulphide from gas streams. For streams which do not contain hydrogen cyanide or excessive oxygen it should be nearly ideal. However, the large volume of waste liquor generated by fixation of hydrogen cyanide has prevented its widespread adoption for coke oven gas treatment. Investigations of various proposals for treating the waste liquor indicate that the only practicable way of dealing with it is by reductive incineration. Although attempts to apply the Peabody-Holmes reductive incineration process have been disappointing, significant progress in overcoming some of its deficiencies has been made. The Zimpro wet oxidation process will provide a convenient method of treating the HCN scrubber effluent at No. 1 Plant. However, it will not treat the sodium based liquor from the Stretford plant. Its application to Stretford waste treatment is limited to situations where ammonium liquors and ammonium sulphate recovery facilities are available. Commissioning of this plant has been delayed while a defect in the air compressor supplied for the plant is being remedied. When the problem of liquid effluent disposal has been overcome, and if reagent chemicals continue to be available at reasonable prices, the Stretford process will be a good choice for coke oven gas desulphurization. 8 figures.

  6. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

  7. Factors affecting coking pressures in tall coke ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimley, J.J.; Radley, C.E. [British Steel plc, Scunthorpe (United Kingdom). Scunthorpe Works

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The detrimental effects of excessive coking pressures, resulting in the permanent deformation of coke oven walls, have been recognized for many years. Considerable research has been undertaken worldwide in attempts to define the limits within which a plant may safely operate and to quantify the factors which influence these pressures. Few full scale techniques are available for assessing the potential of a coal blend for causing wall damage. Inference of dangerous swelling pressures may be made however by the measurement of the peak gas pressure which is generated as the plastic layers meet and coalesce at the center of the oven. This pressure is referred to in this report as the carbonizing pressure. At the Dawes Lane cokemaking plant of British Steel`s Scunthorpe Works, a large database has been compiled over several years from the regulator measurement of this pressure. This data has been statistically analyzed to provide a mathematical model for predicting the carbonizing pressure from the properties of the component coals, the results of this analysis are presented in this report.

  8. Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process...

  9. Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

    The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process...

  10. Process for dissolving coke oven deposits comprising atomizing a composition containing N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone into the gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stafford, M.L.; Nicholson, G.M.

    1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for cleaning gas lines in coke oven batteries comprising atomizing a composition into the gas lines of coke oven batteries, where the composition comprises N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone.

  11. Coke oven gas desulphurization by the Carl Still process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, R.E.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Steubenville East Coke Plant need a desulfurization process that would desulfurize an eventual 95 million standard cubic feet per day of coke oven gas from an inlet of 450 gr/DSCF to an outlet of 45 gr/DSCF of hydrogen sulfide. The Dravo/Still plant process was selected, due to the use of ammonia which was available in the gas, as the absorbing agent. It was also a proven process. Dravo/Still also was capable of building a sulfuric acid plant. The desulfurization efficiency of the plant has consistently provided an average final gas sulfur loading below the guaranteed 45 gr/DSCF. This removal efficiency has enabled production of an average of 4615 tons per day of 66/sup 0/Be acid. Also SO/sub 2/ to SO/sub 3/ conversion has averaged 98%. 3 figures. (DP)

  12. Method for removing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ritter, H.

    1982-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved sulfur-ammonia process is disclosed for removing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gases. In the improved process, a concentrator formerly used for standby operation is used at all normal times as an ammonia scrubber to improve the efficiency of gas separation during normal operation and is used as a concentrator for its intended standby functions during the alternative operations. In its normal function, the concentrator/scrubber functions as a scrubber to strip ammonia gas from recirculating liquid streams and to permit introduction of an ammonia-rich gas into a hydrogen sulfide scrubber to increase the separation efficiency of that unit. In the standby operation, the same concentrator/scrubber serves as a concentrator to concentrate hydrogen sulfide in a ''strong liquor'' stream for separate recovery as a strong liquor.

  13. Modelling of a coke oven heating wall M. Landreau, D. Isler, Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau (CPM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    - 1 - Modelling of a coke oven heating wall M. Landreau, D. Isler, Centre de Pyrolyse de Marienau with thermomechanical modelling of a coke oven heating wall. The objective is to define the safe limits of coke oven of walls, roof and larry car, pre-stresses (anchoring system), lateral pressure due to coal pushing A 3D

  14. Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood This report is an excerpt from the report titled: New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research, In-Service and Disposal Issues Which was finalized

  15. Fire modeling for Building 221-T - T Plant Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oar, D.L.

    1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared by Hughes Associates, Inc. to document the results of fire models for building 221-T Canyon Deck and Railroad Tunnel. Backup data is contained in document No. WHC-SD-CP-ANAL-010, Rev. 0.

  16. Coke oven gas desulfurization: at Republic Steel's New Coking Facility, Warren, OH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boak, S.C.; Prucha, D.G.; Turic, H.L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our performance test indicates that the Sulfiban process is an effective method for removing H/sub 2/S from coke-oven gas. The process is able to handle variations in coke-oven gas flow and composition. Continuing efforts are underway to maintain optimum desulfurization conditions while trying to reduce waste production and MEA consumption. The problems which have prevented us from operating continuously have given us a better understanding of the process. This has contributed to better plant operations and greater equipment reliability for us to obtain continuous coke-oven gas desulfurization. 2 figures, 1 table.

  17. Progressive Powder Coating: New Infrared Curing Oven at Metal Finishing Plant Increases Production by 50%

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Progressive Powder Coating in Mentor, Ohio, is a metal finishing plant that uses a convection oven in its manufacturing process. In an effort to save energy and improve production, the company installed an infrared oven in between the powder coating booth and the convection oven on its production line. This installation allowed the plant to increase its conveyor line speed and increase production by 50 percent. In addition, the plant reduced its natural gas consumption, yielding annual energy savings of approximately$54,000. With a total project cost of$136,000, the simple payback is 2.5 years.

  18. Seismic testing of existing full-scale pile-to-deck connections : precast prestressed and steel piles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Jared Keith

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Testing of a Full-Scale Pile-Deck Connection Utilizing2001) Seismic Performance of Pile-Wharf Connections, PEERp : Deformation component from pile flexibility. c : Extreme

  19. Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , is the fan power consumption, cfm is the air flow rate, and cfr&, is the designed air flow rate. In the base cases, the cold deck temperature is 55F regardless of the ambient temperature. The hot deck temperature varies from 1 10F to 75F when... the ambient temperature increases from 40F to 75OF. When the ambient temperature is lower than 40F, the hot deck temperature remains at 1 10F. Figure 5: Cold and Hot Deck Temperature Versus the Ambient Temperature for Base Case or Normal VAV System...

  20. Bethlehem Steel announces plans to control coke oven air and water pollution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation and the Maryland Department of the Environment have announced an agreement under which Bethlehem will spend an estimated $92-million at its Sparrows Points, Md., plant for technologically-advanced controls to further reduce air and water pollution, mainly from the plant's coke ovens. The two major systems include one to treat by-product coke oven gas and chemicals, and another to upgrade existing pushing emission controls on two older coke oven batteries. One of the new systems will replace most of the existing equipment that cleans gas and treats chemicals created by the coking process at the plant's three coke oven batteries. Because this system has the potential to greatly reduce sulfur dioxide and other pollutants, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) in September announced that its installation qualified for funding as part of the nationwide Innovative Clean Coal Technology Program.

  1. Additional Steam Traps Increase Production of a Drum Oven at a Petroleum Jelly Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Additional steam traps were installed on the drum oven at a petroleum jelly production facility at an ExxonMobil plant in Nigeria. The installation improved heat transfer and saved energy.

  2. Acoustic emission feedback control for control of boiling in a microwave oven

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An acoustic emission based feedback system for controlling the boiling level of a liquid medium in a microwave oven is provided. The acoustic emissions from the medium correlated with surface boiling is used to generate a feedback control signal proportional to the level of boiling of the medium. This signal is applied to a power controller to automatically and continuoulsly vary the power applied to the oven to control the boiling at a selected level.

  3. Heating control methodology in coke oven battery at Rourkela Steel Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandyopadhyay, S.S.; Parthasarathy, L.; Gupta, A.; Bose, P.R.; Mishra, U.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A methodology of heating control was evolved incorporating temperature data generated through infra-red sensor at quenching station and thermocouples specially installed in the gooseneck of coke oven battery No. 3 of RSP. Average temperature of the red-hot coke as pushed helps in diagnosis of the abnormal ovens and in setting the targeted battery temperature. A concept of coke readiness factor (Q) was introduced which on optimization resulted in lowering the specific heat consumption by 30 KCal/Kg.

  4. Development of automatic operation system for coke oven machines at Yawata Works of Nippon Steel Corporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsunaga, Masao; Uematsu, Hiroshi; Nakagawa, Yoji; Ishiharaguchi, Yuji

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plant is a working environment involving heavy dust emissions, high heat and demanding physical labor. The labor-saving operation of the coke plant is an essential issue from the standpoints of not only improvement in working environment, but also reduction in fixed cost by enhancement of labor productivity. Under these circumstances, Nippon Steel has implemented the automation of coke oven machines. The first automatic operation system for coke oven machinery entered service at Oita Works in 1992, followed by the second system at the No. 5 coke oven battery of the coke plant at Yawata Works. The Yawata automatic operation system is characterized by the installation of coke oven machinery to push as many as 140 ovens per day within a short cycle time, such as a preliminary ascension pipe cap opening car and cycle time simulator by the manned operation of the pusher, which is advantageous from the standpoint of investment efficiency, and by the monitoring of other oven machines by the pusher. These measures helped to reduce the manpower requirement to 2 persons per shift from 4 persons per shift. The system entered commercial operation in March, 1994 and has been smoothly working with an average total automatic rate of 97%. Results from the startup to recent operation of the system are reported below.

  5. Development of a high-temperature oven for the 28 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohnishi, J., E-mail: ohnishi@riken.jp; Higurashi, Y.; Kidera, M.; Ozeki, K.; Nakagawa, T. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have been developing the 28 GHz ECR ion source in order to accelerate high-intensity uranium beams at the RIKEN RI-beam Factory. Although we have generated U{sup 35+} beams by the sputtering method thus far, we began developing a high-temperature oven with the aim of increasing and stabilizing the beams. Because the oven method uses UO{sub 2}, a crucible must be heated to a temperature higher than 2000?C to supply an appropriate amount of UO{sub 2} vapor to the ECR plasma. Our high-temperature oven uses a tungsten crucible joule-heated with DC current of approximately 450 A. Its inside dimensions are ?11 mm 13.5 mm. Since the crucible is placed in a magnetic field of approximately 3 T, it is subject to a magnetic force of approximately 40 N. Therefore, we used ANSYS to carefully design the crucible, which was manufactured by machining a tungsten rod. We could raise the oven up to 1900?C in the first off-line test. Subsequently, UO{sub 2} was loaded into the crucible, and the oven was installed in the 28 GHz ECR ion source and was tested. As a result, a U{sup 35+} beam current of 150 ?A was extracted successfully at a RF power of approximately 3 kW.

  6. Load test of the 277W Building high bay roof deck and support structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, R.M.

    1994-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The 277W Building high bay roof area was load tested according to the approved load-test procedure, WHC-SD-GN-TP-30015, Revision 1. The 277W Building is located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site and has the following characteristics: roof deck -- wood decking supported by 4 x 14 timber purlins; roof membrane -- tar and gravel; roof slope -- flat (<10 deg); and roof elevation -- maximum height of about 63 ft. The 227W Building was visited in March 1994 for a visual inspection. During this inspection, cracked areas were visible in the decking, but it was not possible to determine whether these cracks extended completely through the decking, which is 2-in. thick. The building was revisited in March 1994 for the purpose of writing this test report. Because the roof requires personnel access, a test was determined to be the best way to qualify the roof. The conclusions are that the roof has been qualified for 500-lb total roof load and that the ``No Roof Access`` signs can be changed to ``Roof Access Restricted`` signs.

  7. Bunch Compressor for the TESLA Linear Collider W. Decking, G. Hoffstaetter, T. Limberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffstaetter, Georg

    Bunch Compressor for the TESLA Linear Collider W. Decking, G. Hoffstaetter, T. Limberg DESY compression systems for the TESLA collider. The best alternative is a wiggler type compressor, where we list' R56 = z/: R56 needed = 2 zi - 2 zf f . (2) The basic parameters for the TESLA bunch compressor

  8. Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenks 1 Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374 Conoco Inc. (f) 580-767-6316 P.O. Box 1267 Stephen.C.Jenks@conoco.com Ponca City, OK 74602-1267 James R-ROM Paper revised from original submittal. #12;Jenks 2 Abstract. This manuscript describes the "smart

  9. Bridge Deck Evaluation with Ground Penetrating Radar Dryver Huston, Jing Hu, Noel Pelczarski, and Brian Esser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huston, Dryver R.

    in a step-frequency mode. The system is used to test laboratory specimens and bridge decks in the field Health Monitoring Stanford University September 1999 ABSTRACT Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) uses electromagnetic (EM) waves to identify underlying features in solid structures. The typical technique uses

  10. Use of ethylenediamine to remove hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marakhovskii, L.F.; Popov, A.A.; Rezunenko, Yu.I.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigations of the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S by an EDA solution which show that the solubility of hydrogen sulfide in ethylenediamine solutions is almost twice that in monoethanolamine solutions. Ethylenediamine may be used as an absorber for thorough removal of H/sub 2/S from coke oven gas in the presence of CO/sub 2/ and HCN. The hydrogen cyanide of coke oven gas, having practically no effect on the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/, may in this case be recovered in the form of ethylenethiourea - a marketable byproduct.

  11. The use of ethylenediamine to remove hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marakhovskii, L.F.; Rezunenko, Y.I.; Popov, A.A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigations of the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S by an EDA solution showed the solubility of hydrogen sulfide in ethylenediamine solutions is almost twice that in monoethanolamine solutions. Ethylenediamine may be used as an absorber for thorough removal of H/sub 2/S from coke oven gas in the presence of CO/sub 2/ and HCN. The hydrogen cyanide of coke oven gas, having practically no effect on the equilibrium absorption of H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/, may in this case be used in the form of ethylenethiourea - a marketable byproduct.

  12. Hydrogen production from steam reforming of coke oven gas and its utility for indirect reduction of iron oxides in blast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

    of coal and coke are consumed for heating and reducing iron oxides [2,3]. As a result, BFs have becomeHydrogen production from steam reforming of coke oven gas and its utility for indirect reduction 2012 Available online 18 June 2012 Keywords: Steam reforming Hydrogen and syngas production Coke oven

  13. Extra Crispy OvenFried Drumsticks 3 cups cornflake cereal, crushed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Extra Crispy OvenFried Drumsticks 3 cups cornflake cereal, crushed 1/3 cup grated Parmesan pepper sauce 8 chicken drumsticks, skinned Vegetable cooking spray 1. Combine buttermilk and hot pepper sauce in an extralarge ziptop freezer bag. Add chicken drumsticks, turning to coat. Place bag

  14. PROCESS PARAMETERS AND ENERGY USE OF GAS AND ELECTRIC OVENS IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    . BACKGROUND This paper will evaluate current practices of clients in the New England/New York whichPROCESS PARAMETERS AND ENERGY USE OF GAS AND ELECTRIC OVENS IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS Dr for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University

  15. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Volume 1, Public design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This Public Design Report provides, in a single document, available nonproprietary design -information for the ``Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit Applications`` Demonstration Project at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Sparrows Point, Maryland coke oven by-product facilities. This project demonstrates, for the first time in the United States, the feasibility of integrating four commercially available technologies (processes) for cleaning coke oven gas. The four technologies are: Secondary Gas Cooling, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Removal, Hydrogen Sulfide and Ammonia Recovery, and Ammonia Destruction and Sulfur Recovery. In addition to the design aspects, the history of the project and the role of the US Department of,Energy are briefly discussed. Actual plant capital and projected operating costs are also presented. An overview of the integration (retrofit) of the processes into the existing plant is presented and is followed by detailed non-proprietary descriptions of the four technologies and their overall effect on reducing the emissions of ammonia, sulfur, and other pollutants from coke oven gas. Narrative process descriptions, simplified process flow diagrams, input/output stream data, operating conditions, catalyst and chemical requirements, and utility requirements are given for each unit. Plant startup provisions, environmental considerations and control monitoring, and safety considerations are also addressed for each process.

  16. Mohamed, Tarek Said. Fabrication and Behavior of Three-Dimensionally Woven Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Bridge Deck. (Under the direction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deck. The use of epoxy resin versus vinyl ester resin in the fabrication process was examined a textile machine and resin infusion process. The research investigated the mechanical properties of 3-D

  17. Liu, Rees and Spitler. 1 Simulation of a Geothermal Bridge Deck Anti-icing System and Experimental Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of hydronic tubing embedded in the bridge deck with hot water circulated from a number of water-to-water heat by higher initial costs, but also lack of reliable design procedures, modeling methods and software tools

  18. Fatigue Life of Damaged Bridge Deck Panels Strengthened With Carbon Fiber Hongseob Oh, Jongsung Sim, and Christian Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Christian

    , Jongsung Sim, and Christian Meyer ABSTRACT To simulate fatigue damage to bridge deck slabs, cyclic loading and recycling of concrete material. ACI Fellow Christian Meyer is a professor in the Department of Civil

  19. Assessing effects of highway bridge deck runoff on near-by recieving waters in coastal margins using remote monitoring techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwaneshiudu, Oke

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    point sources), highway runnoff can be considered a serious problem if not handeled properly (FHWA 1999). If the required best management practices are not taken for excess contaminant removal, highway runnoff can have adverse effects. The most... waters, is rainfall. The main objective of this runoff study was to characterize and assess the quantity and quality of the storm water runoff of a bridge deck that discharged into a receiving water body. The bridge deck and the creek were located...

  20. Ash-Based Building Panels Production and Demonstration of Aerock Decking Building Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alan E. Bland; Jesse Newcomer

    2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Western Research Institute (WRI) of Laramie, Wyoming and AeRock, LLC of Eagar, Arizona (formerly of Bellevue, Washington) partnered, under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S. DOE-NETL), to support the development of rapid-setting, ash-based, fiber-incorporated ''green'' building products. Green building materials are a rapidly growing trend in the building and construction industry in the US. A two phase project was implemented wherein Phase I assessed, through chemical and physical testing, ash, ash-based cement and fiber composites exhibiting superior structural performance when applied to the AeRock mixing and extrusion process and involved the conduct of pilot-scale production trials of AeRock products, and wherein Phase II involved the design, construction, and operation of a commercial-scale plant to confirm production issues and to produce panels for performance evaluations. Phase I optimized the composite ingredients including ash-based cement, Class F and Class C DFGD ash, and various fiber reinforcements. Additives, such as retardants and accelerators, were also evaluated as related to extruder performance. The optimized composite from the Phase I effort was characterized by a modulus of rupture (MOR) measured between 1,931 and 2,221 psi flexural strength, comparable to other wood and non-wood building materials. Continuous extrusion of the optimum composite in the AeRock pilot-scale facility produced an excellent product that was assembled into a demonstration for exhibit and durability purposes. Finishes, from plain to marbled, from bright reds to muted earth tones and with various textures, could easily be applied during the mixing and extrusion process. The successful pilot-scale demonstration was in turn used to design the production parameters and extruder dies for a commercial scale demonstration at Ultrapanel Pty, Ltd of Ballarat, Australia under Phase II. The initial commercial-scale production trials showed green product sagging, as a result of the die design. After the third die was acquired and fitted to the extruder, satisfactory decking and structural panels were produced. Cured decking was shipped to the US but experienced significant breakage and damage during transport. Subsequent evaluations concluded that an alternative die design was needed that would produce a more robust product resistant to damage. In summary, AeRock Decking can be a commercially-viable non-wood alternative decking product. This project has provided WRI and AeRock the knowledge and understanding to make AeRock Decking a commercial success. However, a commercial demonstration that produces quality product and the subsequent evaluation of its performance is needed before commercial acceptance of the AeRock product.

  1. Coke oven doors: Historical methods of emission control and evaluation of current designs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pettrey, J.O.; Greene, D.E. (Armco Steel Co., Middletown, OH (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The containment of oven door leakage has presented challenges to coke producers for many years as the requirements of environmental regulatory agencies have become increasingly stringent. A description and evaluation of past door modifications, leakage control methodologies and luting practices on Armco Steel Company, L.P.'s Ashland No. 4 Battery is detailed to provide a background for recent work, and to expand the industry's technology base. The strict door leakage standards of the 1990 amendments to the USA Clean Air Act has prompted additional technical studies. Both a joint Armco committee's evaluation of successful systems world wide and test door installations at Ashland were incorporated to determine compliance strategy. The eventual installation of Ikio Model II coke oven doors, along with modifications to ancillary equipment, has resulted in door leakage rates approaching zero. Associated methods, problems, results and evaluations are discussed.

  2. Mathematical modeling of clearance between wall of coke oven and coke cake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nushiro, K.; Matsui, T.; Hanaoka, K.; Igawa, K.; Sorimachi, K.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mathematical model was developed for estimating the clearance between the wall of the coke oven and the coke cake. The prediction model is based on the balance between the contractile force and the coking pressure. A clearance forms when the contractile force exceeds the coking pressure in this model. The contractile force is calculated in consideration of the visco-elastic behavior of the thermal shrinkage of the coke. The coking pressure is calculated considering the generation and dispersion of gas in the melting layer. The relaxation time off coke used in this model was obtained with a dilatometer under the load application. The clearance was measured by the laser sensor, and the internal gas pressure was measured in a test oven. The clearance calculated during the coking process were in good agreement with the experimental results, which supported the validity of the mathematical model.

  3. Choosing a coke-oven gas desulfurization system: a review of current technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynch, P.A.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Installation of coke-oven gas desulphurizing systems is primarily the result of air pollution control regulations. Although not currently profitable, operating costs can be minimized by choosing the technology most suited to the particular application. The Stretford Holmes, Takahax/Hirohax, Koppers Vacuum Carbonate, Sulfiban and Dravo/Still processes are discussed, together with criteria for economic analysis based on technical and by-product market evaluations.

  4. Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company`s non-recovery ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, C.E.; Pruitt, C.W.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operational improvements at Jewell Coal and Coke Company over the past five years includes safety and environmental concerns, product quality, equipment availability, manpower utilization, and productivity. These improvements with Jewell`s unique process has allowed Jewell Coal and Coke Company to be a consistent, high quality coke producer. The paper briefly explains Jewell`s unique ovens, their operating mode, improved process control, their maintenance management program, and their increase in productivity.

  5. Method of washing hydrogen sulfide from coke oven gas by the ammonium sulfide method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ritter, H.

    1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved coke oven gas washing process for removing hydrogen sulfide is proposed wherein the coke oven gas is treated in a hydrogen sulfide scrubber by counterflow with an aqueous ammonia wash water. A stream of aqueous weak ammonia liquor is cooled and sprayed through nozzles in the mid-region of the hydrogen sulfide scrubber. A quantity of aqueous ammonia liquor, corresponding to the quantity which is sprayed through the said nozzles, is withdrawn from the hydrogen sulfide scrubber at a level below the nozzles and is introduced into the top of the said hydrogen sulfide scrubber. Ammonia vapor released at the nozzles has a higher partial pressure than the ammonia partial pressure of the coke oven gas in the region of the nozzle. The aqueous ammonia liquor from the deacidifier is the source of the cooled aqueous ammonia liquor which is introduced through the nozzles. A portion of the aqueous ammonia liquor from the deacidifier is introduced directly into the top of the hydrogen sulfide scrubber as a portion of the required aqueous ammonia wash water.

  6. Design and operation of the coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Havili, M.U.; Fraser-Smyth, L.L.; Wood, B.W. [Geneva Steel, Provo, UT (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke-oven gas sulfur removal facility at Geneva Steel utilizes a combination of two technologies which had never been used together. These two technologies had proven effective separately and now in combination. However, it brought unique operational considerations which has never been considered previously. The front end of the facility is a Sulfiban process. This monoethanolamine (MEA) process effectively absorbs hydrogen sulfide and other acid gases from coke-oven gas. The final step in sulfur removal uses a Lo-Cat II. The Lo-Cat process absorbs and subsequently oxidizes H{sub 2}S to elemental sulfur. These two processes have been effective in reducing sulfur dioxide emissions from coke-oven gas by 95%. Since the end of the start-up and optimization phase, emission rate has stayed below the 104.5 lb/hr limit of equivalent SO{sub 2} (based on a 24-hr average). In Jan. 1995, the emission rate from the sulfur removal facility averaged 86.7 lb/hr with less than 20 lb/hr from the Econobator exhaust. The challenges yet to be met are decreasing the operating expenses of the sulfur removal facility, notably chemical costs, and minimizing the impact of the heating system on unit reliability.

  7. Utilizing secondary heat to heat wash oil in the coke-oven gas desulfurization division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Volkov, E.L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Removal of hydrogen sulfide from the coke-oven gas by the vacuum-carbonate method involves significant energy costs, comprising about 47% of the total costs of the process. This is explained by the significant demand of steam for regeneration of the wash oil, the cost of which exceeds 30% of the total operating costs. The boiling point of the saturated wash oil under vacuum does not exceed 70/sup 0/C, thus the wash oil entering the regenerator can be heated either by the direct coke-oven gas or by the tar supernatant from the gas collection cycle. Utilizing the secondary heat of the direct coke-oven gas and the tar supernatant liquor (the thermal effect is approximately the same) to heat the wash oil from the gas desulfurization shops significantly improves the industrial economic indices. Heating the wash oil from gas desulfurization shops using the vacuum-carbonate method by the heat of the tar supernatant liquor may be adopted at a number of coking plants which have a scarcity of thermal resources and which have primary coolers with vertical tubes.

  8. Final environmental information volume for the coke oven gas cleaning project at the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Sparrows Point Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethelehem Steel Corporation (BSC) is planning to conduct a demonstration project involving an integrated system that can be retrofitted into coke oven gas handling systems to address a variety of environmental and operational factors in a more cost-effective manner. Successful application of this technology to existing US coke plants could: (1) reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, cyanide, and volatile organic compounds (including benzene) (2) reduce the cost and handling of processing feed chemicals, (3) disposal costs of nuisance by-products and (4) increase reliability and reduce operation/maintenance requirements for coke oven gas desulfurization systems. The proposed system will remove sulfur from the coke oven gas in the form of hydrogen sulfide using the ammonia indigenous to the gas as the primary reactive chemical. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide are also removed in this process. The hydrogen sulfide removed from the coke oven gas in routed to a modified Claus plant for conversion to a saleable sulfur by-product. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide will be catalytically converted to hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. The tail gas from the sulfur recovery unit is recycled to the coke oven gas stream, upstream of the new gas cleaning system. The proposed demonstration project will be installed at the existing coke oven facilities at BSC's Sparrows Point Plant. This volume describes the proposed actions and the resulting environmental impacts. 21 refs., 19 figs., 9 tabs.

  9. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers: Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study to determine the feasibility of recovering and reusing heat from a large multi-deck dryer used in the manufacture of roof insulation board is described. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. (MCW)

  10. DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION OF LOW-CRACKING HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE (LC-HPC) BRIDGE DECKS: FREE SHRINKAGE TESTS, RESTRAINED RING TESTS, CONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCE, AND CRACK SURVEY RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jiqiu

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development, construction, and evaluation of low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks are described based on laboratory test results and experiences gained during the construction of 13 LC-HPC bridge decks in Kansas, along...

  11. Radial fryers. [Used tire power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gawlicki, S.M.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experience has shown that tires have their limits as a primary power generation fuel. As a supplemental fuel, however, they may prove to be cost effective. This article discusses the use of tires as a alternate fuel source.

  12. Reduction of NO[sub x] emissions coke oven gas combustion process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terza, R.R. (USS Clairton Works, PA (United States)); Sardesai, U.V. (Westfield Engineering and Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes by-product processing at Clairton Works which uses a unique cryogenic technology. Modifications to the desulfurization facility, nitrogen oxide formation in combustion processes (both thermal and fuel NO[sub x]), and the boilers plants are described. Boilers were used to study the contribution of fuel NO[sub x] formation during the combustion of coke oven gas. Results are summarized. The modifications made to the desulfurization facility resulted in the overall H[sub 2]S emission being reduced by 2-4 grains/100scf and the NO[sub x] emission being reduced by 21-42% in the boiler stacks.

  13. Coke oven gas treatment and by-product plant of Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egorov, V.N.; Anikin, G.J. [Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works, (Russian Federation); Gross, M. [Krupp Koppers GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnitogorsk Integrated Iron and Steel Works, Russia, decided to erect a new coke oven gas treatment and by-product plant to replace the existing obsolete units and to improve the environmental conditions of the area. The paper deals with the technological concept and the design requirements. Commissioning is scheduled at the beginning of 1996. The paper describes H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} removal, sulfur recovery and ammonia destruction, primary gas cooling and electrostatic tar precipitation, and the distributed control system that will be installed.

  14. Optimal Control in Three-deck Multi-Zone Air-Handling Units: A Case-Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, I. S.; Song, L.; Liu, M.; Douglas, B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the units perform poorly from an energy usage perspective. A three-deck multi-zone unit is a hybrid of its kind, and it can be very efficient when controlled properly. In theory, there will not be simultaneous heating and cooling if its heating damper...

  15. Health-hazard evaluation report No. HETA-88-377-2120, Armco Coke Oven, Ashland Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinnes, G.M.; Fleeger, A.K.; Baron, S.L.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to a request from the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union, a study was made of possible hazardous working conditions at ARMCO Coke Oven (SIC-3312), Ashland, Kentucky. The facility produces about 1,000,000 tons of coke annually. Of the approximately 400 total employees at the coke oven site, 55 work in the by products area. Air quality sampling results indicated overexposure to both benzene (71432) and coal tar pitch volatiles (CTPVs). Airborne levels of benzene ranged as high as 117 parts per million (ppm) with three of 17 samples being above the OSHA limit of 1ppm. Airborne concentrations of CTPVs ranged as high as 0.38mg/cu m with two of six readings being above OSHA limit of 0.2mg/cu m. Several polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons were also detected. The authors conclude that by products area workers are potentially overexposed to carcinogens, including benzene, CTPVs, and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. An epidemiologic study is considered unlikely to yield meaningful information at this time, due to the small number of workers and the short follow up period. The authors recommend specific measures for reducing potential employee exposures, including an environmental sampling program, a preventive maintenance program, improved housekeeping procedures, and reducing exposure in operators' booths.

  16. Load test of the 283W Clearwell Roof Deck and Support Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoy, R.M.

    1994-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The 283W Clearwell roof area was load tested according to the approved load-test procedure, WHC-SD-GN-TP-30015, Revision 0, as modified below. The 283W Clearwell is located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site and has the following characteristics: Roof deck - concrete slab supported by columns and walls; Roof membrane - tar and gravel; Roof slope - flat (< 10 deg); and Roof elevation - approximately 6 in. above ground level. The 283W Clearwell was visited in April 1993 for a visual inspection, but could not be inspected because of the confined space requirements. It was revisited in February 1994 for the purpose of writing this test report. Because the roof could not be inspected, a test was determined to be the best way to qualify the roof for personnel access.

  17. March 1980 / Vol. 5, No. 3 / OPTICS LETTERS 117 Disk-shaped heat-pipe oven used for lithium excited-state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stroud, Carlos R.

    March 1980 / Vol. 5, No. 3 / OPTICS LETTERS 117 Disk-shaped heat-pipe oven used for lithium excited success- fully operated using both sodium and lithium as the working fluid. The lithium 4s 2 S 112 and 5s whosepressure is easily measured externally, the heat-pipe oven isolates the often corrosive vapor from windows

  18. Abstract--The paper reviews solutions being explored to face the supply problems faced in the Chilean electricity market oven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    and transportation of natural gas. Private investors were strongly behind the process, and invested heavily in the Chilean electricity market oven recent years, given unexpected restrictions in natural gas transfers from Argentina. Investment in generation came to a stall, given uncertainties in natural gas supply and the risk

  19. Grass roots technology and energy policy: Solar ovens and wind turbines in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kammen, D.M. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Kenya is said to be an ideal site for projects that promote renewable energy sources since it devotes over forty percent of its GNP to the purchase of imported coal and oil. The author presents a chronology of solar oven projects in Kenya and suggests that success of the program will be measured by the number of people who move on to wind turbine use. He discusses the role of renewable energy technology in reducing greenhouse gases and closes by recommending that industrialized nations that produce large amounts of carbon dioxide provide aid to develop projects that reduce carbon dioxide elsewhere in the world. At the same time they would receive credit towards their carbon dioxide quotas.

  20. Summing up of discussion on improvement trends in coke-oven gas purification flowsheets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zemblevskii, K.K.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reference is made to a previously published article that included flowsheets for purification of coke-oven gas. It is concluded that the flowsheets for a process using arsenic-soda and vacuum-carbonate methods of sulfur removal in which the gas is cooled to 303-308/sup 0/K are seriously in error. Schemes involving minor refrigeration, sulfur removal by the circulating ammonia method and ammonia recovery as ammonia liquor are seen as promising but in need of further improvement. One scheme discussed (the VUKhIN scheme) involves ammonia recovery by the circulating phosphate method and sulfur removal by the circulating ammonia method is seen as a replacement for the minor refrigeration method. Since liquid ammonia consumption in agriculture is continually increasing, schemes that result in production of liquid ammonia rather than ammonia liquor should be seriously considered.

  1. Method of recovering sulfur from the hydrogen sulfide contained in coke oven gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laufhutte, D.

    1985-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide are washed out of the coke oven gas and stripped from the wash liquor in the form of gases and fumes or vapors. The ammonia is decomposed in a nickel catalyzer and a small part of the decomposition gases is supplied directly to a combustion furnace, while the larger part of the combustion gases is first cooled and freed from condensate, and only then supplied to the combustion furnace. In the combustion furnace, the proportion of H/sub 2/S/SO/sub 2/ needed for the Claus process is adjusted by a partial combustion of the decomposition gases. The gases from the combustion furnace are then processed in the Claus plant to sulfur.

  2. A mathematical model for the estimation of flue temperature in a coke oven

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, K.I.; Kim, S.Y.; Suo, J.S.; Hur, N.S.; Kang, I.S.; Lee, W.J.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plants at the Kwangyang works has adopted an Automatic Battery Control (ABC) system which consists of four main parts, battery heating control, underfiring heat and waste gas oxygen control, pushing and charging schedule and Autotherm-S that measures heating wall temperature during pushing. The measured heating wall temperature is used for calculating Mean Battery Temperature (MBT) which is average temperature of flues for a battery, but the Autotherm-S system can not provide the flue temperatures of an oven. This work attempted to develop mathematical models for the estimation of the flue temperature using the measured heating wall temperature and to examine fitness of the mathematical model for the coke plant operation by analysis of raw gas temperature at the stand pipe. Through this work it is possible to reflect heating wall temperature in calculating MBT for battery heating control without the interruption caused by a maintenance break.

  3. Development and Construction of Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) Bridge Decks: Free Shrinkage, Mixture Optimization, and Concrete Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindquist, Will David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development and evaluation of low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) for use in bridge decks is described based on laboratory test results and experience gained during the construction of 14 bridges. The study ...

  4. Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) Bridge Decks: Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures, Internal Curing, and Cracking Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendergrass, Ben Andrew

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT The development, construction, and evaluation of low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks is described based on laboratory tests of mixtures containing shrinkage-reducing admixtures and mineral admixtures in conjunction...

  5. Development and Construction of Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) Bridge Decks: Construction Methods, Specifications, and Resistance to Chloride Ion Penetration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Heather Anne Kirkvold

    2009-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The development, construction, and evaluation of Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks are described based on laboratory test results and experiences gained through the construction of 14 LC-HPC ...

  6. The Effects of Infrared-Blocking Pigments and Deck Venting on Stone-Coated Metal Residential Roofs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field data show that stone-coated metal shakes and S-mission tile, which exploit the use of infraredblocking color pigments (IrBCPs), along with underside venting reduce the heat flow penetrating the conditioned space of a residence by 70% compared with the amount of heat flow penetrating roofs with conventional asphalt shingles. Stone-coated metal roof products are typically placed on battens and counter-battens and nailed through the battens to the roof deck. The design provides venting on the underside of the metal roof that reduces the heat flow penetrating a home. The Metal Construction Association (MCA) and its affiliate members installed stone-coated metal roofs with shake and S-mission tile profiles and a painted metal shake roof on a fully instrumented attic test assembly at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Measurements of roof, deck, attic, and ceiling temperatures; heat flows; solar reflectance; thermal emittance; and ambient weather were recorded for each of the test roofs and also for an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventional pigmented and direct nailed asphalt shingle roof. All attic assemblies had ridge and soffit venting; the ridge was open to the underside of the stone-coated metal roofs. A control assembly with a conventional asphalt shingle roof was used for comparing deck and ceiling heat transfer rates.

  7. Demonstration of energy conservation for multi-deck board dryers. Phase I. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was made to determine the feasibility of recover and reuse of low level heat from the exhausts of multi-deck dryers used to dry boards in the building materials industry. There are approximately 1000 dryers of this type in the USA, with no heat recovery equipment. These dryers are used in the manufacture of: roof insulation board, ceiling tile and panel stock, wood fiber sheathing, gypsum board, and veneer plywood. Pilot scale tests and analyses show that heat recovery designs utilizing several types of heat exchange equipment are feasible. These include the following: indirect contact air-to-air heat exchangers for preheating combustion air for the dryer furnaces; direct contact air-to-water heat exchangers using water sprays to heat process water; and indirect contact air-to-liquid heat exchangers to heat recirculating liquid in a plant building heating system. The systems recommended for design and installation at the Rockdale plant include all three of the types of heat exchangers. The preliminary estimate for the installed cost for these systems at the Rockdale plant is $565,000 (1979 dllars). Annual heat recovery of 186,000 million Btu is projected with a value of $545,000 using gas costs of $3.00 per million Btu. Payback based on a discounted cash flow analysis using ten year depreciation is about two years.

  8. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Environmental Monitoring program. Volume 1 - sampling progrom report. Baseline Sampling Program report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, L.M.

    1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE provided cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct and Environmental Monitoring Plan for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. It also requires the preparation of a final report on the results of the Baseline Compliance and Supplemental Sampling Programs that are part of the EMP and which were conducted prior to the startup of the innovative coke oven gas cleaning system. This report is the Baseline Sampling Program report.

  9. SOLOX coke-oven gas desulfurization ppm levels -- No toxic waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platts, M. (Thyssen Still Otto Technical Services, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)); Tippmer, K. (Thyssen Still Otto Anlagentechnik GmbH, Bochum (Germany))

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For sulfur removal from coke-oven gas, the reduction/oxidation processes such as Stretford are the most effective, capable of removing the H[sub 2]S down to ppm levels. However, these processes have, in the past, suffered from ecological problems with secondary pollutant formation resulting from side reactions with HCN and O[sub 2]. The SOLOX gas desulfurization system is a development of the Stretford process in which the toxic effluent problems are eliminated by installing a salt decomposition process operating according to the liquid-phase hydrolysis principle. In this process, the gaseous hydrolysis products H[sub 2]S, NH[sub 3] and CO[sub 2] are returned to the untreated gas, and the regenerated solution is recycled to the absorption process. The blowdown from the absorption circuit is fed into a tube reactor where the hydrolysis process takes place. The toxic salts react with water, producing as reaction products the gases H[sub 2]S, NH[sub 3] and CO[sub 2], and the nontoxic salt Na[sub 2]SO[sub 4]. From the hydrolysis reactor the liquid stream flows into a fractionating crystallization plant. This plant produces a recycle stream of regenerated absorption solution and a second stream containing most of the Na[sub 2]SO[sub 4]. This second stream comprises the net plant waste and can be disposed of with the excess ammonia liquor or sprayed onto the coal.

  10. Experience and results of new heating control system of coke oven batteries at Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanljung, J.; Palmu, P. [Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel (Finland)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The latest development and results of the heating control system at Raahe Steel are presented in this paper. From the beginning of coke production in Rautaruukki Oy Raahe Steel (October 1987) the heating control systems have been developed. During the first stage of development work at the coking plant (from year 1987 to 1992), when only the first coke oven battery consisting of 35 ovens was in production, the main progress was in the field of process monitoring. After commissioning of the second stage of the coking plant (November 1992), the development of the new heating control model was started. Target of the project was to develop a dynamic control system which guides the heating of batteries through the various process conditions. Development work took three years and the heating control system was commissioned in the year 1995. Principle of the second generation system is an energy balance calculation, coke end temperature determination and dynamic oven scheduling system. The control is based on simultaneous feedforward and feedback control. The fuzzy logic components were added after about one year experience.

  11. A mathematical model for the performance of the compressed-film, floating-deck, flat-plate solar-energy collector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Ho-Kai

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of FiASTER OP SCIENCE August 197~ MaJor SubJect: Chemical Engineering A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE COMPRESSED-FILM, FLOATING-DECK~ PLAT-PLATE SOLAR-ENERGY COLLECTOR A Thesis by HO-KAI CHAN Approved as to style... and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head o Department) (Member) (Member) August 1975 ABSTRACT A Mathematical Model for the Performance of the Compressed-Film, Floating-Deck, Flat-Plate Solar-Energy Co'lector (August 1975) Ho-Kai Chan, B. S...

  12. A mathematical model for the performance of the compressed-film, floating-deck, flat-plate solar-energy collector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Ho-Kai

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of FiASTER OP SCIENCE August 197~ MaJor SubJect: Chemical Engineering A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE COMPRESSED-FILM, FLOATING-DECK~ PLAT-PLATE SOLAR-ENERGY COLLECTOR A Thesis by HO-KAI CHAN Approved as to style... and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head o Department) (Member) (Member) August 1975 ABSTRACT A Mathematical Model for the Performance of the Compressed-Film, Floating-Deck, Flat-Plate Solar-Energy Co'lector (August 1975) Ho-Kai Chan, B. S...

  13. Development and introduction of methods for extracting hydrogen sulfide and hydrogen cyanide from coke-oven gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litvinenko, M.S.; Zaichenko, V.M.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The progress between 1933 and the present in desulfurizing coal gas from coke ovens and making use of the by-products to produce sulfuric acid, thioyanates, etc. is described. The vacuum carbonate process and the monoethanolamine method are apparently now preferred, but some plants are still using modified arsenic-soda processes. More recently additional by-products have been thiocyanates (for producing acrylonitrile fiber) and hydrogen xanthanates. The production of other organic sulfur and cyanide compounds has been investigated for use as herbicides, corrosion inhibitors, etc. (LTN)

  14. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 1, January 1, 1991--June 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The coke plant at the Sparrows Point Plant consist of three coke oven batteries and two coal chemical plants. The by-product coke oven gas (COG) consists primarily of hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and contaminants consisting of tars, light oils (benzene, toluene, and xylene) hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, water vapor and other hydrocarbons. This raw coke oven gas needs to be cleaned of most of its contaminants before it can be used as a fuel at other operations at the Sparrows Point Plant. In response to environmental concerns, BSC decided to replace much of the existing coke oven gas treatment facilities in the two coal chemical Plants (A and B) with a group of technologies consisting of: Secondary Cooling of the Coke oven Gas; Hydrogen Sulfide Removal; Ammonia Removal; Deacification of Acid Gases Removed; Ammonia Distillation and Destruction; and, Sulfur Recovery. This combination of technologies will replace the existing ammonia removal system, the final coolers, hydrogen sulfide removal system and the sulfur recovery system. The existing wastewater treatment, tar recovery and one of the three light oil recovery systems will continue to be used to support the new innovative combination of COG treatment technologies.

  15. LACKEY, PAUL E. An Investigation of Bridge Deck Overhang Falsework Systems Installed onto Bulb Tee Girders. (Under the direction of Dr. Emmett Sumner.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bulb Tee Girders. (Under the direction of Dr. Emmett Sumner.) Bulb Tee girders provide a practical moments of inertia to withstand the massive moments created in the spans. A bulb tee girder possesses the thin top flange of an exterior bulb tee girder in the bridge deck overhang falsework system to fail

  16. The vertical structure of Jupiter's equatorial zonal wind above the cloud deck, derived using mesoscale gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, C; 10.1029/2012GL054368

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from the Galileo Probe, collected during its descent into Jupiter's atmosphere, is used to obtain a vertical profile of the zonal wind from $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.5}$ bar (upper troposphere) to $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.1\\, \\mu{bar}}$ (lower thermosphere) at the probe entry site. This is accomplished by constructing a map of gravity wave Lomb-Scargle periodograms as a function of altitude. The profile obtained from the map indicates that the wind speed above the visible cloud deck increases with height to $\\mathbf{\\sim 150}$ m\\,s$\\mathbf{^{-1}}$ and then levels off at this value over a broad altitude range. The location of the turbopause, as a region of wide wave spectrum, is also identified from the map. In addition, a cross-equatorial oscillation of a jet, which has previously been linked to the quasi-quadrennial oscillation in the stratosphere, is suggested by the profile.

  17. "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    "Diffusion of Innovation: Solar Oven Use in Lesotho (Africa)." Grundy, William and Roy Grundy. Advances in Solar Cooking: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Solar Cooker Use and Technology. Shyam S. Nandwani, ed. July 12-15, 1994. pp. 240-247. 1 DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION: SOLAR OVEN USE

  18. Influence of technological factors on statics of hydrogen sulfide absorption from coke-oven gas by the ammonia process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nazarov, V.G.; Kamennykh, B.M.; Rus'yanov, N.D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic technological factors that determine the effectiveness of hydrogen sulfide absorption from coke-oven gas by the cyclic ammonia process are the initial H/sub 2/S content of the gas, the degree of purification, the absorption temperature and the NH/sub 3/ and CO/sub 2/ contents of the absorbent solution. The effects of these factors on the statics of hydrogen sulfide absorption are studied. The investigation is based on the phase-equilibrium distributions of components in the absorption-desorption gas-cleaning cycle. The mathematical model is presented which includes the solution of a system of chemical equilibrium equations for reactions in the solution, material balances, and electrical neutrality. 4 references, 5 figures, 1 table.

  19. Black Hole Formation from Stellar Collapse Chris L. Fryer x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1. Collapse Versus Envelope Ejection Stars are powered by the fusion of elements in their core. Hydrogen halts (regardless of a star's mass). The iron core is supported by electron degeneracy and thermal to dissociate into alpha particles, an endothermic reaction which reduces the thermal pressure. In addition

  20. Coke oven air and water pollution. 1970-June, 1981 (citations from the Engineering Index Data Base). Report for 1970-Jun 81

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monitoring, sampling, analyzing, transport properties, and control of emissions and effluents are cited in this compilation from worldwide journals. Pollutants described are sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, phenols, benzopyrene, particulates and other trace elements and compounds. Process and equipment modifications, such as pipeline charging, wet and dry quenching, retrofitting, and oven leakage preventives are included. (This updated bibliography contains 210 citations, 9 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

  1. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers relative to job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo Chen; Yunping Hu; Lixing Zheng; Qiangyi Wang; Yuanfen Zhou; Taiyi Jin [Fudan University, Shanghai (China). School of Public Health

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    1-Hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of recent exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated whether urinary 1-OHP concentrations in Chinese coke oven workers (COWs) are modulated by job category, respirator usage, and cigarette smoking. The present cross-sectional study measured urinary 1-OHP concentrations in 197 COWs from Coking plant I and 250 COWs from Coking plant II, as well as 220 unexposed referents from Control plant I and 56 referents from Control plant II. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations (geometric mean, {mu}mol/mol creatinine) were 5.18 and 4.21 in workers from Coking plants I and II, respectively. The highest 1-OHP levels in urine were found among topside workers including lidmen, tar chasers, and whistlers. Benchmen had higher 1-OHP levels than other workers at the sideoven. Above 75% of the COWs exceeded the recommended occupational exposure limit of 2.3 {mu}mol/mol creatinine. Respirator usage and increased body mass index (BMI) slightly reduced 1-OHP levels in COWs. Cigarette smoking significantly increased urinary 1-OHP levels in unexposed referents but had no effect in COWs. Chinese COWs, especially topside workers and benchmen, are exposed to high levels of PAHs. Urinary 1-OHP concentrations appear to be modulated by respirator usage and BMI in COWs, as well as by smoking in unexposed referents.

  2. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly technical progress report No. 4, October 1, 1990 to December 31, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwasnoski, D.

    1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Work on this coke oven gas cleaning demonstration project (CCT-II) this quarter has been focused on Phase IIB tasks, and include engineering, procurement, construction, and training. Additionally, plans for changes in the operating schedule of the coke plant that affect the demonstration project are described. Engineering efforts are nearly complete. Remaining to be finalized is an assessment of electrical heat tracing/insulation needs for pipe lines, assessment of fire protection requirements, and instrument modifications. Procurement of all major equipment items is complete, except for possible additions to fire fighting capabilities. Major focus is on expediting pipe and structural steel to the project site. Civil construction is complete except for minor pads and bases as required for pipe supports, etc. Erection of the hydrogen sulfide and ammonia scrubber vessels is complete. Installation of scrubber vessel internals is underway. A subcontractor has been retained to develop a computerized program for operations and maintenance training for the coke oven gas treatment plant. Recent developments in the coke plant operating plans will result in reductions in the rate of production of coke oven gas to be processed in the demonstration project.

  3. Lesson 9 - Solar Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 -ofLearningLensless4 Lensless Lesson 16 -

  4. Rapid bridge deck replacement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osegueda, Roberto Alejandro

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prototype End Section Inertia Calculations . . . . . . 169 172 183 185 200 202 208 209 C-3 Design 1/3 Model Middle Section Inertia Calculations . . . 211 C-4 Design 1/3 Model End Section Inertia Calculations . . . . D-1 Actual Model Middle Section...

  5. TEF Summary Deck (FINAL)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposed Action(InsertAbout theSystems3,SOLIDBibliography

  6. Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Library has a SONY GV-HD700 Digital HD Video Cassette Deck. It is attached to the left side Mac Pro Creation Station, and can be used to "capture", or convert video from miniDV tapes to digital files. 1

  7. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 3, January 1, 1991--December 31, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC), in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a Clean Coal Technology (CCT) project at its Sparrows Point, Maryland Coke Oven Plant. This project combines several existing technologies into an integrated system for removing impurities from Coke Oven Gas (COG) to make it an acceptable fuel. DOE is providing cost-sharing under a Cooperative Agreement with BSC. This Cooperative Agreement requires BSC to develop and conduct an Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) for the Clean Coal Technology project and to report the status of the EMP on a quarterly basis. This report is the third quarterly status report of the EMP. It covers the Environmental Monitoring Plan activities for the full year of 1991 from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991, including the forth quarter. See Sections 2, 3 and 4 for status reports of the Project Installation and Commissioning, the Environmental Monitoring activities and the Compliance Monitoring results for the period. Section 5 contains a list of Compliance Reports submitted to regulatory agencies during the period. The EMP describes in detail the environmental monitoring activities to be performed during the project execution. The purpose of the EMP is to: (1) document the extent of compliance of monitoring activities, i.e. those monitoring required to meet permit requirements, (2) confirm the specific impacts predicted in the National Environmental Policy Act documentation, and (3) establish an information base for the assessment of the environmental performance of the technology demonstrated by the project.

  8. Process for separating, especially in multiple stages, acid components such as CO/sub 2/, HCN and specifically H/sub 2/S, from gases, especially from coke oven gases, by means of ammonia recirculation scrubbing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, H.K.; Otte, E.A.W.

    1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A process of separating in multiple stages acid components in coke oven gas such as CO/sub 2/, HCN and particularly H/sub 2/S by ammonia scrubbing wherein the ammonia used in scrubbing is deacidified to remove the acid components and is recirculated to the scrubbing process at least in part as substantially pure liquid ammonia.

  9. Startup and initial operation of a DFGD and pulse jet fabric filter system on Cokenergy's Indiana Harbor coke oven off gas system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, W.J.; Gansley, R.R.; Schaddell, J.G.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the design, initial operation and performance testing of a Dry Flue Gas Desulfurization (DFGD) and Modular Pulse Jet Fabric Filter (MPJFF) system installed at Cokenergy's site in East Chicago, Indiana. The combined flue gas from the sixteen (16) waste heat recovery boilers is processed by the system to control emissions of sulfur dioxide and particulates. These boilers recover energy from coke oven off gas from Indiana Harbor Coke Company's coke batteries. The DFGD system consists of two 100% capacity absorbers. Each absorber vessel uses a single direct drive rotary atomizer to disperse the lime slurry for SO{sub 2} control. The MPJFF consists of thirty two (32) modules arranged in twin sixteen-compartment (16) units. The initial start up of the DFGD/MPJFF posed special operational issues due to the low initial gas flows through the system as the four coke oven batteries were cured and put in service for the first time. This occurred at approximately monthly intervals beginning in March 1998. A plan was implemented to perform a staged startup of the DFGD and MPJFF to coincide with the staged start up of the coke batteries and waste heat boilers. Operational issues that are currently being addressed include reliability of byproduct removal. Performance testing was conducted in August and September 1998 at the inlet of the system and the outlet stack. During these tests, particulate, SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}, and HCI emissions were measured simultaneously at the common DFGD inlet duct and the outlet stack. Measurements were also taken for average lime, water, and power consumption during the tests as well as system pressure losses. These results showed that all guarantee parameters were achieved during the test periods. The initial operation and performance testing are described in this paper.

  10. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

  11. Process for the elimination of waste water produced upon the desulfurization of coking oven gas by means of wash solution containing organic oxygen-carrier, with simultaneous recovery of elemental sulfur

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diemer, P.; Brake, W.; Dittmer, R.

    1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is disclosed for the elimination of waste water falling out with the desulfurization of coking oven gas by means of an organic oxygen carrier-containing washing solution with simultaneous recovery of elemental sulfur. The waste water is decomposed in a combustion chamber in a reducing atmosphere at temperatures between about 1000/sup 0/ and 1100/sup 0/ C. under such conditions that the mole ratio of H/sub 2/S:SO/sub 2/ in the exhaust gas of the combustion chamber amounts to at least 2:1. Sulfur falling out is separated and the sensible heat of the exhaust gas is utilized for steam generation. The cooled and desulfurized exhaust gas is added to the coking oven gas before the pre-cooling. Sulfur falling out from the washing solution in the oxidizer is separated out and lead into the combustion chamber together with the part of the washing solution discharged as waste water from the washing solution circulation. Preferred embodiments include that the sulfur loading of the waste water can amount to up to about 370 kg sulfur per m/sup 3/ waste water; having the cooling of sulfur-containing exhaust gas leaving the combustion chamber follow in a waste heat boiler and a sulfur condenser heated by pre-heated boiler feed water, from which condenser sulfur is discharged in liquid state.

  12. Christopher L. Fryer, 2014 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z CPlasma ofTop Environmentalto

  13. Supercomputers Take a Cue From Microwave Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    many different licenses for different applications," says Shalf. "Just as the consumer electronics chip designers choose a set of processor characteristics appropriate to the...

  14. Solar Pizza Oven Box k - 6

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's Nuclear EnergySmart Metersof Energy LEDMarketReady to

  15. Supercomputers Take a Cue From Microwave Ovens

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 CareerSupercomputerSupercomputers

  16. Making a Solar Oven | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr.Energy Maine

  17. North Landing (can also deck along

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on bike trails. A6 - Aspen A8/M6 - Aspen/Hardwoods AM6 - Aspen/Hardwoods C6 - Cedar H8 - Hemlock K9 - Oak M6 - Hardwoods M6/WP7 - Hardwoods/Pine MK9/MK6 - Oak/Hardwoods MKA8/M6 - Oak/Aspen/Hardwoods Mixed

  18. JUCAV Deck Handling Tuesday, December 12, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    ........................................................................................................19 LTSA........................................................................................... 20...........................................................................................................21 LTSA: MSC High Level ...............................................................................................22 LTSA: LTS Diagrams

  19. qer_public_deck_june_twothree.pptx

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclearand Characterization ofC u r r e n t I s s u e s C u rQER S

  20. Production of low oil content potato chips using vacuum frying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garayo, Jagoba

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    element to heat the frying oil. Characteristics of commercial batch fryers (Frymaster, Shreveport, Louisiana) include different types of fryers. Countertops fryers are small-capacity fryers (oil capacity 8-11 L), and economic and high efficiency fryers..., and the fryer type are factors that affect the frying process. The chemical composition of the frying oil, the physical and physicochemical constants, and the presence of additive and contaminants also influence the frying process. Additives or contaminants...

  1. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanet, Eric

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recovery via exhaust gas combustion Using spent fryer oil asrecovery via exhaust gas combustion. It is also possible toavailable fryer gas combustion systems exist that can

  2. kWh/OvenDryTonne Calorific Value by Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    information contact the Biomass Energy Centre, (01420) 526197 biomass.centre@forestry.gsi.gov.uk Wood information, contact the Biomass Energy Centre on 01420 526197. Data from: Matthews, R, Mackie, E, (2006 as Fuel Technical Supplement Version 1.0 April 2010 Crown Copyright www.biomassenergycentre.org.uk www

  3. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The EMP consists of a Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program and a Supplemental monitoring Sampling Program. The Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program will be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Project and during a summer and a winter period following the successful Startup and Operational phase of the completed Project. compliance monitoring consist of conducting all the sampling and observation programs associated with existing required Federal, State, and Local Regulations, Permits and Orders. These include air, water, and waste monitoring and OSHA and NESHAP monitoring. The Supplemental Monitoring Program will also be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Demonstration Facility and during a summer and a winter period following the successful startup and Operational phase of the completed Facility. Supplemental Monitoring includes sampling of 27 additional streams that are important to measure operational or environmental performance and impacts of the installation of the new COG treatment facilities.

  4. Reducing Energy Consumption on Process Ovens & Oxidation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worachek, C.

    in facilities that produce printed materials, packaging materials, adhesive tapes, pharmaceutical diagnostic materials, coated papers & films, foil laminations, electronic media, and photographic & x-ray films. They are also used extensively in the food industry...

  5. Oven rack having integral lubricious, dry porcelain surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ambrose, Jeffrey A; Mackiewicz-Ludtka, Gail; Sikka, Vinod K; Qu, Jun

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A lubricious glass-coated metal cooking article capable of withstanding repeated heating and cooling between room temperature and at least 500.degree. F. without chipping or cracking the glass coating, wherein the glass coating includes about 0.1 to about 20% by weight of a homogeneously distributed dry refractory lubricant material having a particle size less than about 200 .mu.m. The lubricant material is selected from the group consisting of carbon; graphite; boron nitride; cubic boron nitride; molybdenum (FV) sulfide; molybdenum sulfide; molybdenum (IV) selenide; molybdenum selenide, tungsten (IV) sulfide; tungsten disulfide; tungsten sulfide; silicon nitride (Si.sub.3N.sub.4); TiN; TiC; TiCN; TiO.sub.2; TiAlN; CrN; SiC; diamond-like carbon; tungsten carbide (WC); zirconium oxide (ZrO.sub.2); zirconium oxide and 0.1 to 40 weight % aluminum oxide; alumina-zirconia; antimony; antimony oxide; antimony trioxide; and mixtures thereof.

  6. Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Positive Impact Significant savings to consumer energy bills and reductions in carbon pollution. Locations Nationwide Partners Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Navigant EERE...

  7. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    through 2030. Over the next 30 years, it will dramatically reduce harmful carbon pollution, equivalent to taking over 12 million new cars off the road for one year. "Appliance...

  8. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    All of the project work since the previous report has been on Phase 2B tasks. Therefore, this quarterly progress report summarizes the period's activities in Engineering, Procurement and Civil Construction. Engineering is 95% complete, but revisions and changes are still being incorporated particularly in the Instrument and Electrical areas. Procurement has only valves 4 in. and above yet to order to complete all major items purchased. The scheduled material curve was based on the original estimate of the job. The projected curve reflects the previous month's estimate. Construction of civil work is proceeding according to schedule in the field. The initial bid packages for the Mechanical General Contractor portion of the work have been reviewed and evaluated. Order placement is scheduled for the end of July. The Electrical package is due back from the bidders on July 6. It requires additional evaluation by BSC and DSO and will not be placed until late August. The cost of the project is ahead of the cost or spending plan because of the accelerated progress in the field and early delivery of equipment. However, there are some concerns that the mechanical and electrical bid packages are higher than planned. Although we plan to determine the causes of the increases, we do not intend to let it effect the progress of the project. 7 figs.

  9. Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrackEllen| Department ofBatteriesRecord HighsUpdates the

  10. Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartmentWindConversionResultsBobby L. Rush AboutBudgetBuild a

  11. Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategories

  12. Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process Oven

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUE 08:59 FAXFact Sheet UraniumThrough the Use4

  13. Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process Oven

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: SinceDevelopment | Department of Energy $18UnrevisedCool Roof Infrastructure

  14. s.s. PACIFIC EXPLORER ~RT III -BELOW DECK ARRANGEMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..................... .. .......... 24 Compressor Roam............................. 24 Storage and Freezer Compartments. ........... 29 Operational Problems......... .............. .... 31 Personnel

  15. HURRICANE INDUCED WAVE AND SURGE FORCES ON BRIDGE DECKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McPherson, Ronald L.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The damaging effects of hurricane landfall on US coastal bridges have been studied using physical model testing. Hurricane bridge damage and failure susceptibility has become very evident, especially during hurricane seasons 2004 and 2005...

  16. aft flight deck: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wood north of creek goes to north landing; wood south of creek goes to south landing. 4. Cut all trees with orange "X" or slash. 5. Cut all trees with yellow paint. 6. New ski...

  17. Privacy Engineering Objectives and Risk Model-Discussion Deck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Regulation, FIPPs, etc.) Risk Requirements System Evaluation SeptemberWorkshop #12;Privacy Engineering of self-determination, loss of trust, discrimination and economic loss by providing predictability. Economic Loss: Economic loss can include direct financial losses as the result of identity theft, as well

  18. Women in STEM -- Why We Need All Hands on Deck

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Wall; Carter

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Carter Wall developed an interest in science at an early age yet struggled to find examples of women scientists and engineers beyond historical figures, like Marie Curie. A lack of relatable role-models didn't stop Carter from pursuing an undergraduate education and career rooted in STEM -- shorthand for science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields. Now, she plays a key role at one of largest solar developers in the Northeast. This is the first in the Energy Department's #WomenInStem video series. At the Energy Department, we're committed to supporting a diverse talent pool of STEM innovators ready to address the challenges and opportunities of our growing clean energy economy

  19. Microjet based noise control of supersonic jets on carrier decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragaller, Paul Aaron

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effectiveness of ground plane water microjet control on the noise generated by a supersonic, ideally expanded, Mach 1.5, impinging jet was determined. Using a converging-diverging nozzle with a design Mach number of ...

  20. VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT FOR MINING SUBSIDENCE HAZARD DECK Olivier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , roads, public facilities and public functions) as well as they deal with method of assessment is of a highly accidental nature when it takes place over mines that use abandoned rooms and pillars method even

  1. Procedure and Application for Determining the Cold Deck and Hot Deck Airflow in a Dual-Duct System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Mingsheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with aconstant volume pneumatic-control box. Figure 3 shows the floor and terminal box layout plan. Figure 3: the Sixteenth floor layout plan Relief Air Outside Air Return Air Cooling Coil Heating Coil T T T T T Rh Building Pressure P P Figure 4...

  2. Procedure and Application for Determining the Cold Deck and Hot Deck Airflow in a Dual-Duct System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Mingsheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces an innovative method to determine the cold and hot airflow through a dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) system. The actual building load can be identified based on the calculated airflow and temperature for both the cold...

  3. Fast Fractal Transform Method for Data Compression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGreggor, D.; Fryer, R.; Cockshott, P.; technical report university of strathclyde dept of computer science Academic Press [More Details

    McGreggor,D. Fryer,R. Cockshott,P. technical report university of strathclyde dept of computer science Academic Press

  4. Ameren Illinois (Gas)- Business Efficiency Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Specialty Equipment Application offers incentives on steamers, griddles, fryers, and other commercial kitchen equipment. The Steam Trap /Process Steam Incentive Program offers incentives on s...

  5. Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, Gregory K

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    covers central air conditioners and heat pumps with up toconditioning, ASHP = air source heat pump, HP = heat pump,Conditioners and Air-Source Heat Pumps Commercial Fryers

  6. Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homan, GregoryK

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    covers central air conditioners and heat pumps with up toconditioning, ASHP = air source heat pump, HP = heat pump,Conditioners and Air-Source Heat Pumps Commercial Fryers

  7. The Food Supply of Texas Rural Families.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitacre, Jessie (Jessie Opal)

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Percent, families owning. .. 46 Range, n~~niber owned. ... 1-100 Average nlirnb~r owned. .. 13.1 Poultry Percentfamilie~eatinglfryers 96 Rang0 tiumber fryers/year 6-180 Av, no. frgers/fan~ily/yr. . Y I'erceut fami!ies entirip hens 1 F Range number... than of those butchered by white families. Fryers were eaten by the great majority of families. Owners and renters had fairly similar records for the average number of fryers eaten during the year, owner groups consuming from 35 to 72 fryers, renter...

  8. Cleaning method for removing sulfur containing deposits from coke oven gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sumansky, L.W.

    1985-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Process for removing hard to remove deposits containing elemental sulfur and multivalent compounds from a surface comprising contacting the deposits with a cleaning composition comprising (a) a major portion of aliphatic amine, (b) water, and (c) an oxidizing or reducing agent, allowing the cleaning composition to remain in contact with the deposits for sufficient time to allow sufficient dissolution of said solid to take place to allow removal of the deposits to take place, and applying such force as is necessary to remove these partially dissolved deposits from the surface. A preferred cleaning composition comprises from about 60 to about 90 volume percent aliphatic amine, from about 10 to about 40 volume percent water, and from about 1 to about 3 weight percent of a moderate oxidizing or reducing agent, such percentages based on the total composition.

  9. Zucchini, Sausage and Feta Casserole 1. Preheat oven to 400 degrees F.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water 5 minutes (don't add salt or fat); drain. 3. Remove casings from sausage. 4. Heat a large of Contents Fall & Winter Spring & Summer Bean and Asparagus Salad ..................... 26 Broccoli Rabe and White Bean Soup ............ 28 Bulgur Salad with Nectarines & Pecans ........ 30 Eggplant and Goat

  10. Glass-coating and cleaning system to prevent carbon deposition on coke oven walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahira, Takuya; Ando, Takeshi; Kasaoka, Shizuki; Yamauchi, Yutaka [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Mizushima, Kurashiki (Japan). Mizushima Works

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The new technology for protecting the coking chamber bricks from damage by hard-pushing is described. The technology consists of the glass coating on the wall bricks and a wall cleaner to blow deposited carbon. For the glass coating, a specially developed glaze is sprayed onto the wall bricks by a spraying device developed to completely spray one coking chamber in a few minutes. The wall cleaner is installed on a pusher ram in the facility to automatically blow air at a sonic speed during coke pushing. The life of the glazed layer is estimated to be over two years.

  11. Original article Effect of oven -heat and boiling on the germination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria University of Benin Department of Botany, P.MB, 1154, Benin City, Nigeria (Received 24 February 1999; accepted 31 August 1999) Abstract - Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight- est germination percentage and energy (94 %; 85 %). Treatment for 40 s also gave good results

  12. Created March 2009 Microwave ovens are located throughout Swinburne University campuses in both staff & students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    burns. · Never use plastic grocery bags, newspaper or plastic containers for frozen foods (such as ice-cream containers) in the microwave. · Avoid using plastic containers or film unless the manufacturer explicitly not touch food to avoid migration of chemicals from the plastic. · Open or pierce sealed food containers

  13. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 attheMohammed Khan -DepartmentDepartment of EnergyFYEnergy Bills |

  14. New Energy Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens to Save Consumers on

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93EnergyEnergy | DepartmentEricGrowth

  15. Mediated urban civic space : info deck of the Hong Kong SAR Government Info-tainment Headquarters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louie, Tak-Wing, 1973-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After being a British colony for more than hundred years, Hong Kong's final handover back to China took place 1st July 1997. There are tremendous demands on the new government to reflect her status during this critical ...

  16. Shear Connections for the Development of a Full-Depth Precast Concrete Deck System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henley, Matthew D.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    the effects of various pre- and post-installed shear connectors, haunch height, surface roughness, grouping effects, and grout composition as compared to cast-in-place specimens. The experimental results are presented along with a method for normalizing...

  17. Development of composite renewal systems for rapid rehabilitation and construction of bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pridmore, Anna Beth

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. Lackey, Designing and testing of concrete bridge decksand P.K. Dutta. Testing of concrete/fiber-reinforced polymerPoststrengthening of concrete slabs: Full-scale testing and

  18. Stopper-Bearing System A Solution to Displacement Control of Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Yi-Te

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of the SBS is obtained from ABAQUS and used to define the SBS within reinforced concrete analytical bridge models developed in SAP2000, which are subjected to the 1999 Chi- Chi, Taiwan earthquake ground motion (1.01g - E-W component and 0.43g - N-S component...

  19. Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Application and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Abbas, M.; Veteto, B.; Claridge, D. E.; Bruner, H.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reduced the chilled water energy consumption by 7,571 MMBtu/yr (18%) and 303 MWh/yr (18%) for the fan power. The estimated heating energy savings are 2,327 MMBtu/yr. The estimated annual cost savings are $75,040/yr. This paper presents the building and AHU...

  20. Evaluation of Multiple Corrrosion Protection Systems and Corrosion Inhibitors for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Lihua

    2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The corrosion performance of different corrosion protection systems is evaluated using the mortar-wrapped rapid macrocell test, bench-scale tests (the Southern Exposure, cracked beam, and ASTM G109 tests), and field tests. ...

  1. HERMES: a high-speed radar imaging system for inspection of bridge decks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azevedo, S.G.

    1996-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrosion of rebar in concrete bridges causes subsurface cracks and is a major cause of structural degradation that necessitates repair or replacement. Early detection of corrosion effects can limit the location and extent of necessary repairs, while providing long-term information about the infrastructure status. Most current detection methods, however, are destructive of the road surface and require closing or restricting traffic while the tests are performed. A ground-penetrating radar imaging system has been designed and developed that will perform the nondestructive evaluation of road-bed cracking at traffic speeds; i.e., without the need to restrict traffic flow. The first-generation system (called the HERMES bridge inspector), consists of an offset-linear array of 64 impulse radar transceivers and associated electronics housed in a trailer. Computers in the trailer and in the towing vehicle control the data acquisition, processing, and display. Cross-road resolution is three centimeters at up to 30 cm in depth, while down-road resolution depends on speed; 3 cm below 20 mph up to 8 cm at 50 mph. A two-meter- wide path is inspected on each pass over the roadway. This paper, describes the design of this system, shows preliminary results, and lays out its deployment schedule.

  2. Performance of Multiple Corrosion Protection Systems for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Matt

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    calcium nitrite primer, multiple-coated reinforcement with a layer of zinc between the epoxy and steel, and pickled 2205 duplex stainless steel. The systems are evaluated using bench-scale and field tests. Two bridges in Kansas, cast with 2205 stainless...

  3. Development of a Specification for Thin Stay-In-Place Forms For Bridge Deck Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bank, Lawrence C.

    : Professor Arnon Bentur and Professor Aviad Shapira at the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology who

  4. Investigation of paperboard tubes as formwork for concrete bridge decks Andrew J. Spottiswoode a,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bank, Lawrence C.

    , Lawrence C. Bank b,,1 , Aviad Shapira c,1 a Novum Holdings LLC, 2 Selborne Rd, Johannesburg North 2060

  5. Evaluation of Multiple Corrosion Protection Systems for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, Jason Leigh

    2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    3-mm (1/8-in.) diameter holes. The systems evaluated include three corrosion inhibitors (DCI-S, Rheocrete 222+, and Hycrete DSS) in concrete with a w/c ratio of 0.45 and 0.35, an ECR containing a primer of microencapsulated calcium nitrite between...

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - NTER deck (external)-12-6-2012 Final to Post.pptx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 atthe District ofInstituteMicrosoft PowerPoint4: BudgetingMicrosoft| 1

  7. Planetarium Chapel Hill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    .Columbia South Rd. Man ad ium Rd. ningDr. lumbia Ramshead Deck Parking Chiller or Cobb Deck Parking Northeast

  8. J. Am. Chem. SOC 1982, 104, 313-315 313 the vapor to 670 K oven temperature.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dervan, Peter B.

    with the is0 (valence) electronic acrolein, the PE spectrum8 of which (Figure 1) displays a similar ionization

  9. Usnesen ze 4. zasedn Vdeck rady AV CR konanho dne 10. z 1. Oven a kontrola zpisu z 3. zasedn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tebbens, Jurjen Duintjer

    reform tercirnho vzdlvn. Vdeck rada AV CR bere se souhlasem na vdom stanovisko AR AV CR k reform

  10. Trials and Tribulations of Ancient Starch Research: An Investigation of Contamination and Earth Ovens at Fort Hood, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurence, Andrew

    2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    and control samples. Laboratory and field equipment were processed and analyzed for contamination. Only one feature (Feature 4 from 41 CV984) yielded starch granules that are unambiguously archaeological in origin, rather than the result of contamination...

  11. Seismic testing of existing full-scale pile-to-deck connections : precast prestressed and steel piles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Jared Keith

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    test. 6.3 Post Testing Inspection The concrete in the lowerafter testing and removal of lose spalled soffit concretethe Roeder testing program. The specified concrete strength

  12. Augmenting BIM with 3D Imaging Data to Control Drilling for Embeds into Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    to the drill operator using a laser projector was also developed. Finally, a visualization method for comparingAugmenting BIM with 3D Imaging Data to Control Drilling for Embeds into Reinforced Concrete Bridge the locations of the rebar free spaces before pouring and controlling the drilling process in real-time could

  13. A model specification for fiber reinforced non-participating permanent formwork panels for concrete bridge deck construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bank, Lawrence C.

    a , Arnon Bentur b , Aviad Shapira b a University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1415 Engineering Dr, Madison, WI

  14. Seismic testing of existing full-scale pile-to-deck connections : precast prestressed and steel piles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Jared Keith

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    volume ratio of confining steel. Section curvature. d b:f su : Ultimate stress of the longitudinal steel. fstress of the longitudinal steel. f yh : Yield stress of the

  15. Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resistance Electric - Induction Oven Fuel Type Gas Electrican electric induction cooktop and electric oven; the onlyinduction heating elements. Gas usage was more prevalent for cooktops than for ovens,

  16. Design and Optimization of Condenser and Centrifuge Units for Enhancement of a Batch Vacuum Frying System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandey, Akhilesh

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of vacuum frying can be a feasible alternative method to produce chips with lower oil content and high quality color and texture (Garayo and Moreira, 2002). 7 Figure 2-1 displays the use of different deep-fat fryers in the commercial food industry.... Countertops are generally used in homes, while high efficiency batch fryers are employed in commercial (McDonalds, KFC, etc.) food services as well as industries (Frito Lay, Pringles, etc.). Application of a batch fryer is limited to frying small loads...

  17. Reducing Building Energy Costs Using Optimized Operation Strategies for Constant Volume Air Handling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.; White, E.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , building energy consumption can be further reduced even after these traditional O&M measures are applied. This involves optimal adjusting of cold deck and hot deck settings according to the ambient temperature and organizing cold deck settings properly... where more than one cold deck is present (Extended O&M Measures). The cold deck and hot deck settings can be adjusted continuously by the Energy Management and Control Systems without additional investment. The optimized cold deck settings can...

  18. FACT SHEET: Energy Department Actions to Deploy Combined Heat...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    reuses excess heat to warm Frito-Lay's chip fryer oil - cutting costs and reduce harmful air pollution. The Department is also supporting new CHP technologies that are cleaner,...

  19. Developmental mechanisms underlying the formation of ciliated epithelia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stubbs, Jennifer Louise

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    645-90. Fryer, C. J. , Lamar, E. , Turbachova, I. , Kintner,cells. PLoS Biol 1, E80. Lamar, E. and Kintner, C. (2005).since leaving the lab. Elise Lamar for her mentorship while

  20. IGPPS Currently Funded Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paris UCSD-George Fuller UCSD-Evan Grohs (student) Spectral Variation Studies of Gamma-Ray Bursts Los Alamos-Chris Fryer Ohio State-Michael Stamatikos Climate Effects of...

  1. SUGGESTED ITEMS TO BRING BED SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    /bag Over the door organizers BATHROOM Underbed storage containers Shower shoes Deep fryers/fry daddy Can opener Charcoal, electric, gas, and George Plastic storage containers Forman grills Dish towels Conpressed gas containers Paper towels

  2. The effect of gaseous environments on selected microbiological and chemical attributes of broiler carcasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatley, Sandra Eugenia

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also could be extended by using vinylidene chloride vinylchlor- ide copolymer film for packages. Thomson (1970) evaluated fresh fryers packaged in either high (polyethylene) or low (vinylidene) gas permeable film which contained either a carbon... days. The average storage periods in which fryers treated with 0, 10, 20, or 40 ppm chlortetracycline developed off odors were 11. 6, 17. 6, 18. 4 and 18. 9 days respectively (Ziegler and Stadleman, 1955a). Carlin et al. (1957) reported...

  3. Backyard Production of Meat Rabbits in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukefahr, Steven D.; Paschal, Joseph C.; Ford, John E.

    1998-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    and timely manage- ment, the enterprise goal of year-round fryer production is certainly possible. One or more of these three basic necessities is usually lacking when poor fertility or produc- tion problems occur. Commercial Meat Stock Commercially bred... bred stock, have more vigor and are more productive (for example, have higher fertility, kindle larger litters, and pro- duce meatier fryers). For the backyard meat rabbit enter- prise, purebred or fancy stock may not produce as well as the commercial...

  4. Mathematical modeling of fluidized bed reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasif, Nilufer Havva

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    39 40 Comparison of concentration profiles predicted by CCBM with constant bubble size (dB ) using dif- ferent solution procedures Schematic representation of Fryer and Potter (1974) algorithm . Schematic representation of Peters et al. (1982... description of the downward flow of emulsion phase gas under certain conditions, such as those of Kunii and Levenspiel (1968b, 1969), and Fryer and Potter (1972a) have this limitation in common. Dubble size is one of the most important parameters...

  5. Using seafloor geodesy to monitor volcanic collapse on the south flank of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Kathleen A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photo of PXP on deck with pressure sensorPhoto of a benchmark on deck with pressure sensorII.4 Photo of PXP on deck with pressure sensor rigging.

  6. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications: Environmental Monitoring Program. Baseline sampling program report: Volume 2, Appendix sections 1--7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, L.M.

    1994-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains no text. It consist entirely of results monitoring stack opacity, benzene surveys, chemical effluent in wastewater, etc.

  7. Innovative coke oven gas cleaning system for retrofit applications. Quarterly environmental monitoring report No. 2, July 1, 1991--September 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The EMP consists of a Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program and a Supplemental monitoring Sampling Program. The Compliance Monitoring Sampling Program will be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Project and during a summer and a winter period following the successful Startup and Operational phase of the completed Project. compliance monitoring consist of conducting all the sampling and observation programs associated with existing required Federal, State, and Local Regulations, Permits and Orders. These include air, water, and waste monitoring and OSHA and NESHAP monitoring. The Supplemental Monitoring Program will also be conducted during a summer and a winter Baseline periods during the Pre-Construction/Construction phases of the Demonstration Facility and during a summer and a winter period following the successful startup and Operational phase of the completed Facility. Supplemental Monitoring includes sampling of 27 additional streams that are important to measure operational or environmental performance and impacts of the installation of the new COG treatment facilities.

  8. Many types of electronic products such as computers, cathode ray tubes (CRT), fax machines, printers, LCD monitors, microwave ovens, VCRs, stereos, and cell phones contain hazardous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Steven C.

    lead and mercury. Recycling electronic waste (eWaste) protects our environment from heavy metal" or "Universal Waste Electronic Waste" and include the date when the waste was first generated. eWaste mustMany types of electronic products such as computers, cathode ray tubes (CRT), fax machines

  9. The effect of varying oven temperatures and residence times on thermal desorption of n-hexane and 1-hexene from diffusive organic vapor dosimeters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Kenneth Garnett

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 250 C, 300 C and 350 C as well as residence times of 1, 2 and 3 minutes being used to vary desorption conditions. Eighteen dosimeters were ana- lyzed each day. Half of the dosimeters were spiked with n- hexane and tl. e other half with 1-hexene. A... this possible reduction in sample recovery was due to random effects, or possibly due to the effect of increased temperature and/ Table 2- Mean Peak Areas of N-Hexane for Three Days 250 C TEMPERA TURE 300 C 350 C Z M z min. A M C4 3 min. Day 1 Day...

  10. Use Lower Flammable Limit Monitoring Equipment to Improve Process Oven Efficiency; Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Process Heating Tip Sheet #11 (Fact Sheet)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUE 08:59 FAXFact Sheet UraniumThrough the Use4heating

  11. semiconductor feature sizes, "and by the time chips featuring 70 nanometers or smaller are on deck, optical lithography may have to be put out to pasture altogether". Currently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huston, Dryver R.

    are given by the equations: 1k W NA = (2.1) 2 2 k DOF NA = (2.2) where 1k and 2k are constants in production by leading-edge, high-volume factories at 180 nm design rules"34 , a series of new technologies

  12. Subseasonal Variability of the Southeast Pacific Stratus Cloud Deck* International Pacific Research Center, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    on longwave radiation is rather small. As a result, Sc clouds have a net cooling effect on both the ocean adjustment that leads to cloud fluctuations and possible orographic effects of the Andes are also discussed reducing the down- ward solar radiation at the surface. Because of their low altitude, their effect

  13. Estimates of achievable potential for electricity efficiency improvements in U.S. residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    include induction cooktop and convection oven. (11) Furnace7.46 HSPF) Induction cooktop and improved oven (post-1995)7.46 HSPF) Induction cooktop and improved oven (post-1995)

  14. Science & Cooking SPU-27 Fall 2012 Lab 5: Molten chocolate cake & ice cream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    pot 1 induction burner 8 ramekins 1 medium bowl (wet ingredients) 1 spoon 1 knife 1 whisk 1 spatula 1 oven mitt 1 convection oven-stick baking spray Procedure: 1. Preheat the oven to 350F (=177 C

  15. White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heaters), microwave ovens, and induction cooktops. Accordinginduction cooktops, automatic electric rice cookers, AC electric fans, flat panel televisions, and household and similar purpose microwave ovens.

  16. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Power to the Plug: An Introduction to Energy, Electricity,...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy From the Sun (10 activities) Hands-on explorations to teach intermediate students...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Power to the Plug: An Introduction to Energy, Electricity,...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0...

  20. EA-1662: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: EnergyConservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens)

  1. China's Industrial Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Manufacturing Subsectors and in Selected Provinces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Hongyou

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Washed Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other CokingTJ) Coal Coke Coke Oven Gas Other Gas Other Coking Products

  2. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0...

  3. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Powering the...

  4. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    lesson, that can be adapted for all grade levels, on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Energy Transmission...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on how to build a solar oven. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Scale Models and Wind Turbines As wind turbines and wind farms...

  6. Outdoor Cooking.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Jenoyce; Reasonover, Frances

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ham slices; sirloin, T-bone; rib and ribeye steaks; lamb or pork chops; beef or lamb cubes or patties; Cana. dian bacon; and some varieties of sausage; fryers and fish. Some outdoor cooks prefer a large sirloin steak about 1% inches thick. Allow 1..., sirloin tips and high /-I quality (low choice) chuck and arm roasts are suitable for this 0 .' type of cooking. Lamb, pork and bologna may also be used. / (-)/ Poultry for this method include rock cornish game hen, broiler 1 \\ or fryer, roaster...

  7. Market Demands on Broilers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beanblossom, Floyd Z.; Miller, Marshall M.

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of flesh through skin ering over all parth of carcass Fat Covering : Well covered-some fat under skin over entire carcass Broilers or fryers only mod- erate covering Breast and Elsewhere Legs Pinfeat hers : Breast and Elsewhere Legs Dressed... tract None Disjointed bones Broken bones No limit Wing tips and if R-to-C wings and tail None (except 1 nonprotruding wing bone if fryer) Missing parts 1 Nonprotruding (may be in leg or wing) Wing tips Wing tips and if R-to-C 2nd wing joint...

  8. Rabbit Project Reference Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wootton, Chad

    2000-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    breed or produc- tion standards whenever possible to 4-H mem- bers or other people wishing to raise rabbits. You might sell fryers live to commercial rab- bit processors or to laboratory animal suppli- ers. Or, dress and sell the fryers to friends, rela... or more litters are raised. Offspring are sold for breed stock and show animals. Members should also market the young. Members are encouraged to use pure- bred commercial breeds for this project, al- though crossbred rabbits are acceptable. Mem- bers must...

  9. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 2, Fluorescent lamp ballasts, television sets, room air conditioners, and kitchen ranges and ovens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is divided into ``volumes`` B through E, dealing with individual classes of consumer products. Chapters in each present engineering analysis, base case forecasts, projected national impacts of standards, life-cycle costs and payback periods, impacts on manufacturers, impacts of standards on electric utilities, and environmental effects. Supporting appendices are included.

  10. PV module mounting method and mounting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lenox, Carl J.S.; Johnson, Kurt M.

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for mounting PV modules to a deck includes selecting PV module layout pattern so that adjacent PV module edges are spaced apart. PV mounting and support assemblies are secured to the deck according to the layout pattern using fasteners extending into the deck. The PV modules are placed on the PV mounting and support assemblies. Retaining elements are located over and secured against the upper peripheral edge surfaces of the PV modules so to secure them to the deck with the peripheral edges of the PV modules spaced apart from the deck. In some examples a PV module mounting assembly, for use on a shingled deck, comprises flashing, a base mountable on the flashing, a deck-penetrating fastener engageable with the base and securable to the deck so to secure the flashing and the base to the shingled deck, and PV module mounting hardware securable to the base.

  11. Radio Frequency and Microwave Hazards Radio frequency (rf) and microwaves occur within the range 10 kHz to 300,000 MHz and are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    kHz to 300,000 MHz and are used in rf ovens and furnaces, induction heaters, and microwave ovens. Microwave ovens are increasingly being used in laboratories for organic synthesis and digestion of analytical samples. Only microwave ovens designed for laboratory or industrial use should be used

  12. 530-752-7456 sustainability.ucdavis.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ; washers; water heaters; AC units; ovens; dish washers; dryers; microwaves. Laser scanners; printers

  13. Personal Reflections on War and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    personal stories -- from "showering" with bottled water to teaching villagers to cook with solar ovens

  14. The Active Stereo Probe: Dynamic Video Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siebert, J.P.

    Siebert,J.P. Urquhart,C.W. Wilson,D.F. Mowforth,P.H. McDonald,J.P. Fryer,R.J. Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference 1991, Glasgow, UK, p.p. 383-386, 1991. pp 383-386

  15. ACCRETION-JET CONNECTION IN BLACK HOLES THE ORIGIN OF STELLAR BLACK HOLES &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    of a sudden drop of the hard X-rays..." "The particles (corona/inner disk) are blown away..." "Jets have Direct collapse depends on: Metal content Mass of the core Angular momentum Can this model be tested observationally ? #12;HOW ARE FORM BLACK HOLE BINARIES ? CORE COLLAPSE MODELS: (Fryer & Kalogera ; Woosley & Heger

  16. Deep-slab fluids fuel extremophilic Archaea on a Mariana forearc serpentinite mud volcano: Ocean Drilling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Craig

    Deep-slab fluids fuel extremophilic Archaea on a Mariana forearc serpentinite mud volcano: Ocean, M. J., S. C. Komor, P. Fryer, and C. L. Moyer, Deep-slab fluids fuel extremophilic Archaea.5, made up overwhelmingly of Archaea, is oxidizing methane from the ascending fluid to carbonate ion

  17. The Magazine of the Penn State College of Engineering Spring/Summer 2013 for the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    APhy: Curtis Chan Victoria Fryer Penn State Live grAPhics & design: Snavely Associates AdministrAtive officers hailed as hometown hero 9 university chosen for Department of Energy inaugural wind contest 6 #12;3S P R Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering for a faculty chair focused on energy and energy

  18. Parallell to that, we observed a marked improvement of the feed efficiency that can be attributed to the good energy value of the sugar beet pulp for rabbits.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    for different kinds of fibre (hemicellulose, true cel- lulose and lignin) are not determined. Comparing lucerne diets based on lucerne, safflower meal, grape pomace and beet pulp. Though not significant, feeding safflower meal and lucerne produced a higher level of lactation as measured by three week fryer weights than

  19. Principle Investigator M. Cooney (Hawaii Natural Energy Institute)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Engineering Overview), Hawaii American Waters (Host WWTP), RealGreen Power (Technology Provider), Pacific Biodiesel (Produce Biodiesel from grease trap waste and fryer grease), Diacarbon Energy (Biochar producer that approaches theoretical maximum of 0.35 m3/Kg COD reduced. GTW Brown grease for biodiesel Separated wastewater

  20. De-oiling and Pre-treatments for High-Quality Potato Chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Tae Hoon

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A de-oiling step using a centrifuge ensures oil content reduction and improves the quality of fried snacks. A commercial deep-fat fryer with the basket loaded with potatoes and a sample holder was used to fry potato slices, non-pretreated, blanched...

  1. Deep fat frying of tortilla chips: an integrated approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palau, Jaime

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tortilla chips were prepared from commercial nixtamilized dry masa flour. They were baked and then fried in fresh and used partially hydrogenated soybean oil for 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45 and 60 seconds at 1500C and 1900C. A commercial batch fryer...

  2. Maintaining Minnesota's Unique Bridge Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Maintaining Minnesota's Unique Bridge Inventory Laura M. Amundson, PE, Vice President Parsons? · There are only eight bridges in MnDOT's inventory with suspended decks · The deck area of the Blatnik and Bong

  3. Methodology to Analyze the Sensitivity of Building Energy Consumption to HVAC System Sensor Error

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Liang

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    parameters. There are a total of eight scenarios considered in this simulation. The simulation tool was developed based on Excel. The control parameters examined include room temperature, cold deck temperature, hot deck temperature, pump pressure, and fan...

  4. A METHOD OF SIMULTANEOUSLY TAGGING LARGE OCEANIC FISH AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -range sportfishing boats, which fre- quently capture large tuna but lack gear to han- dle live fish on deck

  5. Technical Meeting: Physical Characterization of Connected Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - United Technologies Industry Presentation - AHRI Industry Presentation - Honeywell Industry Presentation - Johnson Controls DOE - Meeting Summary Deck Meeting Summary...

  6. Northern Tool + Equipment Find the Right Fitting for Your Pressure Washer at Northern Tool! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbester, Andrs

    and microchips; and poor construction -- from shipbuilding to space shuttles -- since dirty surfaces do not bond.LifeIonizers.com/Alkaline-Water... Braun Official Site Braun Series Premium Shavers. Try Risk Free: Money Back Guaranteed. www

  7. EA-1662: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products (Dishwashers, Dehumidifiers, Microwave Ovens, and Electric and Gas Kitchen Ranges and Ovens) and for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment (Commercial Clothes Washers)

  8. Thin films of metal oxide nanoparticles deposited on substrates find applications in various technologies such as sensors, heterogeneous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    oven, which restrict the choice of substrates (metal, glass) and can negatively affects their performances (stress induction, oxidation, substrate warping). VALUE PROPOSITION This novel process offers key+ hours in traditional ovens (including ramp up & down) Delivers equal or superior optoelectronic

  9. IEEETRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. MAG-20, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER1984 2001 A GENERAL MIXED BOUNDARY CONDI'IIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    : currents are generated by a magnetic flux variation. ExamplescanbefoundinNDTSyStemS, induction heating or in conduction ovens (glass ovens). Thegoverningequationsofallthese problems are obtained using well known theory

  10. AITA -Exercise Sheet 7 This week we have a set of five questions about search. They should be read in conjunction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullinaria, John

    as: Cleaning the oven or refrigerator will get the floor dirty To clean the oven, it is necessary Before the floor can be swept, the rubbish must be taken out Cleaning the refrigerator generates

  11. Orange Sweet Potato Brie Tartlet 2.5 # cooked diced Sweet potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Duck O.

    Orange Sweet Potato Brie Tartlet 2.5 # cooked diced Sweet potato 2 cups orange marmalade 1 cup potato. Spoon into phyllo tart shells. Top with Brie cheese and bake in oven for 10 min at 350 deg oven

  12. PIERS Draft Abstracts, Moscow, Russia, August 1821, 2009 629 Optimization of Complex Microwave Systems with CORS RBF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakovlev, Vadim

    of an inductively coupled waveguide band-pass filter, a microwave oven with a cylindrical load, and a dielectric

  13. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galitsky, Christina

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Powder Coating. Good Practice Guide 260. Best Practiceand Stoving Ovens. Good Practice Guide 271. Bloss, D. , R.

  14. CHECK-IN CONDITION REPORT CONDITION UPON ENTERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    & exterior 18. Oven 19. Broiler pan & broiler 20. Refrigerator - exterior 21. Refrigerator - interior 22. Refrigerator - shelves 23. Exhaust fan ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ Bathroom

  15. Doing It: A Process to Screen, Design, Implement, and Evaluate Industrial Eco-Efficiency Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, J.; Robertson, C.; Klein, R. C.

    . Sources of funding may include internal budgeting, financial institutions, government grants or loans, utility rebates, and performance contractors. Design and Prototyping During the Design and Prototyping step, designers produce plans... to upgrade their internal management infonnation systems, or as training tools for future projects. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Thanks to Barry Bennett, Gil Friend, Lynn Fryer, Fred Gordon, and others too numerous to mention here for their input. Thanks as well...

  16. Tender Texas Chicken: The Natural Light Meat.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, J.H.; Gardner, F.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minutes to 4 hours) to achieve the desired results. Chicken broilers offer the consumer one of the most consistently high-quality, uniform and versatile meats in today's market regardless of the market location. This is possible because all commercial... Chicken Stir Fry 1 whole fryer breast, boned and skinned 4 fresh mushrooms, or 4-ounce can sliced mushrooms 2 large carrots, pared V2 stem celery 2 cups broccoli, broken into flowerettes Chicken Seasoning 1 egg white, beaten 1 tablespoon red wine...

  17. White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    induction cooktops, flat panel televisions, household and similar purpose microwave ovens,induction cooktops, AC electric fans, automatic electric rice cookers, and microwave ovens.induction cooktops, automatic electric rice cookers, AC electric fans, flat panel televisions, household and similar purpose microwave ovens,

  18. Using Cadence SMV to verify temporal properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    ;8 Microwave Oven Example Suppose we are designing a controller for a microwave oven. The heating element button. ~ Closed ~ Heat ~ Error ~ Closed ~ Heat Error Closed ~ Heat ~ Error Closed Heat ~ Error Closed ~ Heat Error Start (with door open) Open door Close door Start oven Done Open door Reset Open door Close

  19. New developments in pipeline charging preheated coal at Inland Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorensen, S.M. Jr.; Arsenault, A.A.; Rupp, P.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first commercial installation of a new pipeline oven charging system for preheated coal, designed by Dynamic Air, Inc., was made at Inland Steel's C Battery in October 1979. With the Dynamic Air charging sytem, production losses due to pipeline delays have been virtually eliminated, pipeline maintenance requirements have been reduced by 90%, conveying steam requirements have been significantly reduced, and oven charge weights have been increased by 500 kg (1000 lb). A test program was subsequently conducted during November and December 1980, to evaluate the use of nitrogen as a conveying medium for pipeline oven charging with the Dynamic Air system. The test results clearly demonstrated that the same weight of preheated coal could be charged into an oven by using either steam or nitrogen as the conveying medium. Moreover, it was found that pipeline oven charging with the Dynamic Air system is a function of the mass flow rate of the conveying medium. With nitrogen charging, an average 9% increase in oven charge rates was obtained at comparable conveying gas mass flow rates and charging bin pressures. In addition, average oven pressure during charging was reduced by approximately 40% and solids carryover was reduced by 100 kg (220 lb) per oven charge with nitrogen charging. It was found that solids carryover during pipeline oven charging is a function of the average pressure generated in the oven during charging, but it was also found that a large oven pressure surge at the end of the charge can produce excessive carryover to completely mask the effect.

  20. Investigation of the effects of overloads on highway bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, Richard A

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , reinforced concrete bridge decks supported by noncomposite steel I-beams. Bridge damage was evaluated by analyzing bridge deck crack density, location, and orientation. An analysis of traffic at the study sites attempted to determine the relationship... between overload traffic and observed bridge damage. Greater bridge deck crack damage and more uniform crack distribution were observed in the bridges experiencing higher levels of heavy traffic. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author is indebted to Dr. Ray W...

  1. Comparison of Two Statistical Approaches to Detect Abnormal Building Energy Consumption with Simulation Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, G.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?or? Emea?Esim Eller?Building ? HVAC?system:?DDVAV ? Baseline?period:?March?August,1997 Simulation?Data?Sets 8 0...?ID Eller 1 Outside?airflow?ratio??increase?of??3.1% 2 Outside?airflow?ratio??decrease?of??3.1% 3 Cold?deck?leaving?temperature??increase?of?4?F 4 Cold?deck?leaving?temperature??decrease?of?4.5?F 5 Hot?deck?leaving?temperature??increase?of?10?F 6 Hot...

  2. Public Meeting: Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    These documents contain slide decks presented at the Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and...

  3. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    purchasing and installing equipment, and 6) install, monitor, and evaluate light emitting diode type lighting in the Rock Hill downtown parking deck. Conditions: None...

  4. EM Takes Safe, Unique Approach to Underground Demolition at Hanford...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    deck were made of a heavy aggregate concrete, which is almost twice as dense as regular concrete," said EM Richland Operations Office Federal Project Director Mark French. "This...

  5. SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session SunShot Presentation PV Module Reliabity Workshop Opening Session This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at...

  6. Sanden Vendo America: Noncompliance Determination (2014-SE-52002...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    bottled or canned beverage vending machine model Vue30 (with 1128127 cassette refrigeration deck) does not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE determined the...

  7. Sanden Vendo America: Notice of Allowance (2014-SE-52002) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    bottled or canned beverage vending machine model Vue30 (with 1128127 cassette refrigeration deck) after Sanden Vendo America provided documentation showing that it had...

  8. Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    StackingTheDeck.JPG Gallery: U Canyon Grout Title: Pulling Concrete Core Pulling Concrete Core Name: Pulling Concrete Core Keywords: U Canyon, grout, Recovery Act, ARRA Official...

  9. Signatures of Heating and Cooling Energy Consumption for Typical AHUs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, G.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -duct system, the cold deck temperature is set to 55 OF. The hot deck temperature is reset based on the outside air temperature: it is set to 1 10 OF when the outside air temperature is below 40 OF and linearly decreases to 80 OF when the outside air... Cold deck temperature set point T, Supply air Floor area Changes made decreased from 55 OF to 53 OF raised from 1.2 cfm/ft2 to 1.3 cfm/ft2 raised from 120,000 ft2 to 130,000 ft2 - - Hot deck temperature set point Th 1 Outside air flow I...

  10. Transportation Center Icarus Society presents...... Airline Hubs: Blessing, Bane...or Both?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabin E.

    the monthly "Observation Deck" column for Air Transport World's ATW Online website, as well as providing the photos and commentary for ATW's annual Classic Airliners

  11. U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    covered parking deck (EXCLUDES Activity 5), 6) HVAC upgrades and new ceiling for the ice rink (EXCLUDES Activity 6), 7) community outreach to residences and businesses to improve...

  12. amorphous-metal thermal-spray coatings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metal and Ceramic Coatings University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: corrosion- resistance deck coatings for some naval vessels. The hardness values for type 316L...

  13. Heat insulating system for a fast reactor shield slab

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotora, J. Jr.; Groh, E.F.; Kann, W.J.; Burelbach, J.P.

    1984-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved thermal insulation for a nuclear reactor deck comprises many helical coil springs disposed in generally parallel, side-by-side laterally overlapping or interfitted relationship to one another so as to define a three-dimensional composite having both metal and voids between the metal, and enclosure means for holding the composite to the underside of the deck.

  14. An Analysis of Bridge Abutment Shear Key Behavior due to Embankment Modeling and Earthquake Intensity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasef, Nardin Mofid

    Lsp2 ?? 4.8m W sp2 ?? Lsp2 ? W deck ? 0.761 ? MN Lsp3 ?? 4mW sp3 ?? Lsp3 ? W deck ? 0.635 ? MN Lsp4 ?? 3.8m W sp4 ??

  15. Author's personal copy Hybrid concrete and pultruded-plank slabs for highway and pedestrian bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bank, Lawrence C.

    -in-place con- crete panel to produce a hollow slab of 75 mm depth that is typical of timber decking used in FRP pultru- sion companies for use in FRP platforms and stair systems. In the USA these are known mm deep and can be used in place of timber decking for pedestrian bridges or walkways

  16. Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weathering Effects on Mechanical Properties of Recycled HDPE Based Plastic Lumber Jennifer K. Lynch recycled plastic lumber (RPL) decking was exposed to the environment for eleven years. The weathering in the construction of the deck were a commingled recycled plastic material referred to as curbside tailings, NJCT

  17. The system ammonium fluoride - cupric fluoride - water at zero degrees centigrade: A program for calculating the rotational spectrum of an asymmetric-top molecule in the microwave region on the IBM 650 digital computer.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, James Burton

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Eood. Phys. + 691 (1953) Bell-Bhell-i . al? ~ College Coding C'LCULATIGB OZ PRb(, U~iCIB~ QZ ii Ed~IT?D T;U, . iBITIQBU r VJ. The Pl(JL'. CULB GZ Deck 1 of 5 Decks Calculation of Moments of Inertia Location "Xgaa::o 0 B C i(erne. rkc 001 2 002...

  18. Pultruded FRP Plank as Formwork and Reinforcement for Concrete Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Jeffrey S.

    and sand, were epoxy bonded to the planks. Concrete beams using the aggregate-coated FRP planks were plank specimens greater than the steel rebar reinforced control specimen. ACI 440 equations were found control in a new bridge deck that was constructed without any reinforcing bars in the concrete deck (also

  19. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heat Pumps in Cold Climates Conference, Aylmer, Québec. August 17-18, 2000. #12;Bridge Deck Deicing. Ramamoorthy 2000. Bridge Deck Deicing using Geothermal Heat Pumps. Proceedings of the Fourth International using Geothermal Heat Pumps JEFFREY D. SPITLER, PH.D., P.E., MAHADEVAN RAMAMOORTHY Oklahoma State

  20. Improving Control of a Dual-Duct Single-Fan Variable Air Volume Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, G.; Martinez, J.; Minihan, T.; Brundidge, T.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cold and hot air duct static pressure set points is presented. The paper also explores the interactions between the cold and hot deck temperatures and duct static pressures, and discusses the impact of non-ideal deck temperature settings on duct static...

  1. Andrew Chiasson Jeffrey D. Spitler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To Design Of A Ground-Source Heat Pump Bridge Deck Heating System. Proceedings of the 5th International Jeffrey D. Spitler 2 A Modeling Approach To Design Of A Ground-Source Heat Pump Bridge Deck Heating System where a vertical borehole, closed-loop ground-source heat pump system is to be used as an energy

  2. MATH225, Fall 2013 Name: Worksheet 5 (3.1, 3.2) Recitation Section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    minute. How hot is the oven? #12;3. An LR-series circuit has a variable inductor with the inductance;2. A thermometer reading 70o F is placed in an oven preheated to a constant temperature. Through a glass window in the oven door, an observer records that the thermometer reads 110o F after 1 2 minute and 145o F after 1

  3. Increasing the Consumption of Whole Grain Foods in School Meals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Cynthia Ann

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    as how they absorb water and testing their texture for doneness.? Not all schools have the same equipment to cook with: ?People have different cooking tools?when you cook it in a steamer, that's different than an oven or a braiser or a crock... mentioned how a vendor from whom her district purchased fish furnished a DVD containing recipes and preparation tips for use with different cooking tools (conventional ovens, braisers, stoves, steamers, convection ovens, crock pots). Standardized recipes...

  4. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 65716603, 2014 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/6571/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    for coal-charging process 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 FGD for coke oven gas 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 Combination[1] BAU[2]/PC[2] 2005 2010 2020 2030 2020 2030 2030 Sintering FGD 0 10 20 40 95 100 100 Coke oven FGD 100 Hot rolling ESP 0 0 0 0 70 95 100 Cold rolling HED 0 0 0 0 70 95 100 Coke oven WET 100 100 100 100

  5. Pushing schedule derivation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henriquez, B. [Compania Siderurgica Huachipato S.A., Talcahuano (Chile)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a Pushing Schedule Derivation Method has allowed the company to sustain the maximum production rate at CSH`s Coke Oven Battery, in spite of having single set oven machinery with a high failure index as well as a heat top tendency. The stated method provides for scheduled downtime of up to two hours for machinery maintenance purposes, periods of empty ovens for decarbonization and production loss recovery capability, while observing lower limits and uniformity of coking time.

  6. TBA values of beef cuts with differing external fat trim levels and methods of cookery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nurmahmudi

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sec to 70'C had higher nonheme-iron release than extract heated to 70 C for 50 sec. They also reported that the optimum temperature for nonheme-iron release was between 62 to 73 C. Schricker and Miller (1983) reported that an oven temperature of 176...) and conductional (steam oven environment) heat transfer into products during cooking. An alternative oven type used in the foodservice industry is the low temperature holding oven, which uses dry roasting for long period of time to reach internal cook...

  7. Superprotonic Phase Transition in CsH(PO3H) Calum R. I. Chisholm, Ryan B. Merle, Dane A. Boysen, and Sossina M. Haile*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H(PO3H) is somewhat hy- groscopic, and samples were dried in an oven held at 110 C overnight prior (inductance-capacita

  8. The IGBT Compendium: Applications and Social Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .................................................................................30 4.5.3 Induction Cook Tops ........................................................................................32 4.5.4 Induction Rice Cookers..............................................................................................37 4.5.7 Microwave Ovens

  9. Preprint from Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 182502 (2010) Temperature Dependence Of Spin Resonance In Cobalt Substituted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with a copper wire and placed in an oven going from 70C to 200C. s was deduced from the inductance measured

  10. ADVANCED COATINGS LAB EQUIPMENT & TESTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exposure Testing, Filiform Corrosion Ovens Low Temperature Freezer Thermal Cyclic Chamber Solar and conical Adhesion Test Kits Water Immersion Bath Dry Film Thickness Magnetic Induction, Eddy

  11. Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, T.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Test Procedures for Water Heaters; Kitchen Ranges, Ovens,Use of Residential Water Heaters. Lawrence Berkeley NationalEnergy Use of Residential Water Heaters. Lawrence Berkeley

  12. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewables Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 53 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  13. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  14. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 10 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  15. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 26 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  16. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  17. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewables Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  18. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 28 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  19. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewables Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 15 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  20. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 17 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  1. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 33 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  2. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 13 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  3. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  4. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Innovation Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 16 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  5. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 26 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  6. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Download Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 33 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check...

  7. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Science Education Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 11 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven...

  8. Entertaining in a Hurry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeten, Mary K.; Reasonover, Frances L.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cookbook for some of these suggestions. 4 Using Appliances Effective use of small appliances helps make enter taining quick and easy. The microwave oven and food processor are two newer appliances found in Texas horr 1 increasing numbers.... These appliances cer tainl: (e not a must, but do make food preparation less time consuming. Research shows that a home maker using both the microwave oven and a conven tional oven save up to 9 hours a week. This frees her for other activities. Microwave oven...

  9. Introduction to Foods and Nutrition Lab (1 credit) Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    evaluation. Be sure to clean up any spills on the stove or in the oven. Empty sink strainer; clean and dry

  10. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download The Sun and Its Energy (11 activities) Hands-on investigations and explorations to introduce...

  11. National Level Co-Control Study of the Targets for Energy Intensity and Sulfur Dioxide in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing bed depth Improve ignition oven efficiency Emission Optimized Sintering (EOS ) Other measures Coke Making Coal moisture control Coke dry quenching (

  12. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Sources Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that...

  13. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    studies or social action projects. http:energy.goveereeducationdownloadsutilizing-photovoltaic-cells-and-systems-9-activities Download Making a Solar Oven Students make...

  14. Energy-Saving Homes, Buildings, and Manufacturing Success Stories...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Efficiency Standards for Microwave Ovens Saves Consumers Energy and Updates the Social Cost of Carbon Read more homes success stories Manufacturing February 4, 2015 Just Plain...

  15. EA-0404: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Innovative Clean Coal Technology Program - Coke Oven Gas Cleaning Demonstration Project at the Bethlehem Steel Corp. Sparrows Point Plant, Baltimore County, Maryland

  16. aircraft fuselage structures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stabilizer. All structural components are fabricated from oven-cured laminated carbon composite materials using uniaxial and biaxial prepreg fabric. In the current effort, the...

  17. absorbing fuselage section: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stabilizer. All structural components are fabricated from oven-cured laminated carbon composite materials using uniaxial and biaxial prepreg fabric. In the current effort, the...

  18. activated carbon testing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stabilizer. All structural components are fabricated from oven-cured laminated carbon composite materials using uniaxial and biaxial prepreg fabric. In the current effort, the...

  19. aircraft fuselage panels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stabilizer. All structural components are fabricated from oven-cured laminated carbon composite materials using uniaxial and biaxial prepreg fabric. In the current effort, the...

  20. Analysis of the Past and Future Trends of Energy Use in Key Medium- and Large-Sized Chinese Steel Enterprises, 2000-2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ironmaking .the ovens (U.S. EPA 2010). 2.2. Ironmaking The subsectionsbelow describe three ironmaking processes: the BF/BOF,

  1. brwtp-icoke | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Dec 1989) Comprehensive Report to Congress Comprehensive Report to Congress on the Clean Coal Technology Program: Innovative Coke Oven Gas Cleaning System for Retrofit...

  2. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    panels and wind turbines, after a devastating tornado in 2007. http:energy.goveerevideosre-building-greensburg Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this...

  3. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    energy.goveereeducationdownloadsbuild-pizza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Creating Biodiesel & Mitigating Waste Safety practices for handling the materials involved in producing...

  4. Low-cost Appliance State Sensing for Energy Disaggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Tianji

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    steps showing in the figure is the water dispenser heater.heaters or ovens. Several methods have been used in previous work to remove noise or detect step-

  5. Study of the effects of ambient conditions upon the performance of fan powered, infrared, natural gas burners. Quarterly report, April 1, 1996 - June 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bai, T.; Yeboah, Y.D.; Sampath, R.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A porous radiant burner testing facility consisting of a commercial deep-fat fryer, an FTIR based spectral radiance measurement system, a set of flue gas analysis components, and a fuel gas mixing station was constructed. The measurement capabilities of the system were tested using methane and the test results were found to be consistent with the literature. Following the validation of the measurement system, various gas mixtures were tested to study the effect of gas compositions have on burner performance. Results indicated that the emissions vary with fuel gas composition and air/fuel ratio. The maximum radiant efficiency of the burner was obtained close to air/fuel ratio of 1.

  6. The effect of packaging methods on selected microbiological and chemical quality attributes of chicken broilers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, James H

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    found to be unacceptable when scored for flavor after a level of 8. 0 was attained. Or anisms Associated with Spoila e Nagel et al. (1960) reported that of 103 cultures isolated from fryers held at 4. 4 degrees C until spoiled, 88 were members... that psychrophilic counts of carcasses held six days were significantly lower on carcasses stored at -0. 5 C than on those 0 stored at 6. 0 C. 0 Inhibitor A ents In a study comparing the effectiveness of commercially avail- able carbonated ice as an inhibitory...

  7. Covered Product Category: Commercial Gas Water Heaters | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategories »Fryers

  8. Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJuly 30, 2013Department ofU.S.forCategories »FryersGriddles

  9. Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 3, Water heaters, pool heaters, direct heating equipment, and mobile home furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is Volume 3 in a series of documents on energy efficiency of consumer products. This volume discusses energy efficiency of water heaters. Water heaters are defined by NAECA as products that utilize oil, gas, or electricity to heat potable water for use outside the heater upon demand. These are major appliances, which use a large portion (18% on average) of total energy consumed per household (1). They differ from most other appliances in that they are usually installed in obscure locations as part of the plumbing and are ignored until they fail. Residential water heaters are capable of heating water up to 180{degrees}F, although the setpoints are usually set lower.

  10. Z .Chemical Geology 166 2000 114 www.elsevier.comrlocaterchemgeo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    be used, namely 1 microwave oven digestion of samples in pressurized Teflon vessels under oxidizing acidic leaching techniques to Z .extract labile PGE fractions, and 4 Carius tube digestion. Microwave oven sample, 1995; Cohen and Waters, 1996; Birck et .al., 1997 . The introduction of inductively coupled Z .plasma

  11. RLC Circuit Resonant Peak at 1 cm Depth in Pork Belly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Lee E.

    the stimulator operates on wireless RF power transmission via inductive coupling to an external power source between cap plates, and capacitor sandwich is placed into compression die. 150C Die is placed in an oven in the die to be embedded into the PLA. Die in placed in the oven for 2 cycles of 15 minutes. Circuit is now

  12. Distributed Lazy Evaluation: A Big-Step Mechanised Semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Ingredients (Syntax and Semantics) Brand New Oven (New Induction Principle) Main Course (Results) Bon App This Paper Simple Semantics Observational: First of its Kind Inmb: Induction on the Number of Manipulated). Seyed H. HAERI DLEBigMech 12 Feb 2014 12 / 24 #12;The New Oven Inmb (1 of 2) [P(); diff () = ] [k

  13. Macquarie University Design Standards ROOM DATA SHEETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan

    ALARM Thermal Smoke POWER GPO's Dedicated GPO 3 phase Oven UPS AUDIOVISUAL OUTLETS Outlets Video projector Induction loop #12;Macquarie University Design Standards Section S ANNEXURE 9 ROOM DATA SHEETS) Conference chair Coffee table Blinds Modular table Microwave Oven Curtains Conference table Refrigerator

  14. Shipley Protocol: Last Mofified by Jack: 8/18/2012 5:54:00 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahn, Jeffrey

    surfaces are dry and clear of chemicals. Coating: 1. Remove chuck from spinner and line the spinner bucket dry the substrate until it is dry. 5. Dehydrate Substrates a. Place the substrate in the oven at ~200°C for 30 minutes, then cool to RT shortly before spin-coating. *Make sure to turn on oven before

  15. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 35873596, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3587/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    on the emis- sion data in Seoul and Northeast Asia: Gasoline and diesel vehicles, residential coal use, coke daily and seasonal variations. High contributions of biomass burning and coal (residential and coke oven ovens, coal power plants, biomass burning, and natural gas (NG) combustion. The ma- jor sources

  16. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 7/09)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    of explosive mixtures by volatile substances and the air inside an oven, laboratory ovens should be constructed) require auto- transformers to control the temperature. Auto-transformers must be wired according to code and have a two-pole switch, a three-prong plug, and a power overload device. These devices

  17. Operations research applied to a sand and gravel plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordes, Alfred Henry

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GRAVEL BIN 2 Gat)6 GRAVE L BIN 4 SCREEN 3 DECK 2 ( GO TO Fig. 2) Figure 1. Diagram of the Primary Gravel Circuit Gate 2 Gate 1 16 ROTARY WASHER ( main circuit) Gate 6 17 SCREEN 3 DECK 1 20 SCREEN 3 DECK 2 28 22 GRAVEL BIN 4 GRA VEL...- veyor is used as a method for dewatering the sand product and elevating the product out of the sand bins and into storage bins for loading. Circuit Gates The gates 1 through 6 are' embedded in the circuits to provide for partial changes of flow...

  18. Process for treatment of residual gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolden, K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is disclosed for the treatment of the residual gases which are produced when hydrogen sulfide is reduced, by combustion, to elementary sulfur by the Claus process. The residual gases are fed through a heated conduit and gas scrubber, wherein the temperature of those residual gases are maintained above the melting point of sulfur. A portion of the raw coke oven gas condensate is admitted to the gas scrubber to be returned to the coke oven battery main from the flushing liquid separator as flushing liquor. The residual gases are then conducted through the coke oven gas purification process equipment along with the raw coke oven gas where the residual gases are intermixed with the raw coke oven gas prior to tar separation.

  19. July 11 Public Meeting: Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial And Residential Building End-Use Equipment And Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These documents contain the three slide decks presented at the public meeting on the Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances, held on July 11, 2014 in Washington, DC.

  20. 2014-04-30 Public Meeting Presentation Slides: Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These documents contain slide decks presented at the Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances public meeting held on April 30, 2014.

  1. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Prouty, and Monique H. Head 8. Performing Organization Report No. SWUTC 600451-00009-1 9 is composite with a topping deck. The major objectives of this research included evaluating (1

  2. Volume 2018 November 21, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the willow To make bright interjection, Its drooping branches decked With thin leaves, curved and yellow be familiar with the Richard Wilbur poem below: With the drooping willow and first frost, winter is on its way

  3. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 November 2011 Received in revised form 31, automobiles, bicycles, ships, wind turbines, bridge decks, offshore platforms, sporting goods, etc. Continuous

  4. Experimental and numerical analysis of a deepwater mini-TLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guichard, Aurelien

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -domain statistics and dimensionless ratios are used to characterize the environmental design sea conditions. Similar methods are utilized to examine the critical issues of the clearance between the wave train crests and the underside of the platform's deck...

  5. Activity of group-transported horses during onboard rest stops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keen, Heidi A.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Activity of group-transported horses was evaluated during onboard rest stops to determine if horses derive meaningful rest. A single-deck semi-trailer separated into three compartments was used for all shipments. In Experiment One, twelve video...

  6. Aviation Safety Program The Aviation Safety Program (AvSP), part of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    particles inside engines, leading to power loss. Human-Friendly Flight Decks: NASA uses can cause dam- age to engine cores and power loss. The project also studies the potential of electro

  7. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Habitat for Humanity South...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    attic insulated under the roof deck with open-cell spray foam, a high-performance heat pump, heat pump water heater, and ENERGY STAR appliances, lighting, and ceiling fans....

  8. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Boulder ZED Design Build...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    inch of closed-cell foam below the roof deck in the vaulted ceilings, a ground-source heat pump, ERV, and triple-pane windows. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Boulder ZED Design Build,...

  9. An Evaluation of the Placement of the Placement of Radiant Barriers on their Effectiveness in Reducing Heat Transfer in Attics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the attic floor was measured at two different roof deck temperatures (120F and 140F). The temperature distribution within the base fibrous insulation was also measured. Three different solid kraft laminates with aluminum foil backing were tested...

  10. High-precision position control of a heavy-lift manipulator in a dynamic environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garretson, Justin R. (Justin Richard)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers the control of a heavy-lift serial manipulator operating on the deck of a large ocean vessel. This application presents a unique challenge for high- precision control because the system must contend ...

  11. MEETING OF THE WATERS FETZER FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    -PASS BIOLOGY RES. MOLECULAR WEST NEW EAST DRIVE CHILLER MED. B BERNARD STREET SERVICE COMMUNITY PUREFOY CENTER PARKING DECK & COBB CHILLER PAULHARDINDRIVE Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard HILL ALUMNI CENTER C

  12. MEETING OF THE WATERS FETZER FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    -PASS BIOLOGY RES. MOLECULAR WEST NEW EAST DRIVE CHILLER MED. B BERNARD STREET SERVICE COMMUNITY PUREFOY CENTER PARKING DECK & COBB CHILLER PAULHARDINDRIVE Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard HILL ALUMNI CENTER

  13. Dynamic analysis of a semisubmersible-type bucket-ladder dredge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcandra

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    support column; c - bracing members; d - mooring lines; e - anchor racks; f - deck structure; g - moonpool; h - accommodation; i - helicopter pad; j ? drill pipe racks. Patel [I] The wave induced motions of these vessels and resulting structural loads...

  14. atimer-actuated immunoassay cassette: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    vent the problems, the phage anti-immune Hammock, Bruce D. 38 Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY...

  15. antibodies prevents gvhd: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organization (WHO) in consultation with unknown authors 8 Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY...

  16. atp-binding cassette multidrug: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    direction (more) Huigens, Robert William III 2009-01-01 66 Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY...

  17. atp-binding cassette systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    D.; Gerloff, G. W.; Heller; R. P.; Perry, L. W. 1983-01-01 44 Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY...

  18. atp-binding cassette subfamily: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    State University of New Jersey, Piscataway Powers, Robert 65 Capturing Video Using the SONY GV-HD700 Cassette Deck In the AV Production Room (Room 261), Mann Library has a SONY...

  19. THE 2005 FHWA CONFERENCE Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    the Coal River J. Perkun, K. Michael 97 Integral Abutment Bridges with FRP Decks Case Studies V. Shekar, S. Aluri, H. GangaRao 113 #12;iv New Mexico's Practice and Experience in Using Continuous Spans

  20. 16.810 (16.682)16.810 (16.682) Engineering Design and Rapid PrototypingEngineering Design and Rapid Prototyping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    on a lathe Milling Planing Drilling Countersinking Slotting Grinding Reaming New Techniques: Laser Cutting.54mm decks Fundamental Parts Fabrication Techniques Machining e.g. milling, laser and waterjet

  1. Telephone: (206) 543-5062 or 543-5648 / Fax: (206) 543-6073 SCHOOL OF OCEANOGRAPHY, BOX 357940 In reply, refer to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    plastic containers will be used to enclose radioisotope inoculated seawater samples rather than glass in seaworthy containers to and from the incubation site. Areas on deck where incubations are carried out should

  2. DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Shore Road Project - Old...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    deck, and a continuously running energy recovery ventilator. The house has a dual-fuel heat pump, an instantaneous condensing water heater, and 4.5-kW solar shingles. DOE Zero...

  3. Eddie Smith Dean E. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Martin

    Excellence Center for Loudermilk Graham Memorial Daniels Hill Ackland McCaskill Paul Green Eddie Smith Alumni Carolina at Chapel Hill : 500 5000 Feet Student Life Classrooms Health Affairs Libraries Parking Decks

  4. Recent Problems Alternative Routes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Work scheduled at off-peak hours (weekends and nights) #12; San Francisco to Yerba Buena and Treasure Islands Resurfacing of bridge deck Steel added to suspension rails or rails were replaced 17 million

  5. Adv. Geosci., 15, 2333, 2008 www.adv-geosci.net/15/23/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    System Models of In- termediate Complexity (EMICs). Here we summarize the general framework and use-scale stratocumulus cloud decks, and planetary-synoptic scale interaction mod- els which should be relevant for Earth

  6. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-09/0-5367-1 2. Government Accession No. 3, deck, slab, shear, fatigue 18. Distribution Statement No restrictions. This document is available

  7. Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. FHWA/TX-03/1898-1 2. Government Accession No. 3 after the deck had hardened. 17. Key Words 18. Distribution Statement No restrictions. This document

  8. Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surface fluence spectra 45 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Properties of commercially available TLDs . . PNNL dose equivalent averaged quality factors . 16 3 MCNP input deck geometries Phantoms modeled in MCNP input decks . . Comparison of calculated..., PNNL and DOELAP fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors for bare '"Cf . . . . 37 Comparison of calculated, PNNL and DOELAP fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors for D, O moderated '"Cf. 37 Fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors...

  9. Design and Construction Integration of a Continuous Precast Prestressed Concrete Bridge System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subha Lakshmi 1982-

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    NOMENCLATURE AASHTO American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials ACI American Concrete Institute AREMA American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association CIP Cast-in-place DAD Damage Avoidance Design Ec Concrete....1 State-of-the-art and Practice for Precast Concrete Deck Slabs Cast-in-place (CIP) reinforced concrete has been the most common form of bridge deck construction. The major disadvantage of CIP construction is the slow speed of construction. Since...

  10. Safety Management Manual Safety Management Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    and Personnel 6.2 New Crew Orientation 6.3 Crane Operator Qualification 6.4 Boat Operations 6.5 A.2 Responsibilities of the Deck Department 7.3 Deck Equipment Responsibilities 7.4 Departure/Arrival Procedures 7.16 Overboarding Equipment 7.17 CTD Operations 1 Feb 2013 1 Dec 2013 1 Dec 2013 1 Dec 2013 1 Feb 2013 1 Feb 2013 1

  11. Operational experience using the novel FixCup collecting main valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giertz, J.; Huhn, F. [DMT-Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Pruefung mbH, Essen (Germany). Inst. for Cokemaking and Fuel Technology; Spitz, J. [Thyssen Stahl AG, Duisburg (Germany)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On the occasion of the 1995 AIME conference the new PROven (Pressure Regulated Oven) process to control the pressure in coke ovens individually was introduced. This process was made feasible with a new collecting main valve, termed FixCup, with the aid of this valve a variable flow resistance to the raw gas discharge can be realized using a water immersion system. However, just the application of the FixCup system alone--without any pressure regulation--is very advantageous and cost saving. Thyssen has equipped 30 ovens with the new valve. The special constructive features as well as the operational experience using the FixCup valve are treated.

  12. Batch polymerization of styrene initiated by n-butyl lithium in a cyclohexane solvent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landon, Thomas Rodman

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the effect of autocatalytic initiation. The propagation rate constant is assumed to be independent of chain length. In order to solve equation (49), one can use equation (46) and obtain nM(P . ? P . ) dt j i I (SO) where kp / p T If one assumes 2K..., they were then dried overnight in a vacuum oven at 200 to 220'C and 30 inches Hg. vacuum. Before removing the bottjes from the oven, the oven was pressured to at- mospheric pressure with prepurified nitrogen. As quickly as possible, after the bottles...

  13. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  14. 2 Masers and Lasers January 31, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thouless, David

    is basically an LC (inductancecapacitance) circuit. The conventional light source, whether the sun, a star the technology to power our microwave ovens. It was the development first of masers (Microwave Amplification

  15. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 94699479, 2014 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/9469/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    in the oven at 400-500 C and 60C, respectively. Before and after sampling, all the filters were equilibrated samples on polypropylene fiber filters were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

  16. [Frontiers in Bioscience, 5, a10-17, May 1, 2000] UV-OZONE ASHING OF CELLS AND TISSUES FOR SPATIALLY RESOLVED TRACE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Pupa Gelsomina De Stasio

    TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Abstract 2. Introduction 3. Materials and methods 3.1. UV/ozone oven 3.2. Total Organic Carbon (TOC) analysis 3.3. Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) 3

  17. NSTX Weekly Report (November 19, 2010) FY 2011 NSTX plasma operations started on October 4, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Inductance Plasmas and First RWM State Space Control Experiments in NSTX" by Steve Sabbagh (Columbia. The ovens are presently under argon for assessment of required maintenance. Molybdenum Inner Divertor

  18. A Two-Dimensional Model of Chemical Vapor Infiltration With Radio Frequency Heating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Demetre J.

    either in a conven- tional microwave oven or by using a radio frequency (RF) induction coil-consistently the power absorbed by the preform from a radio frequency induction coil. The model equations were solved

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 37, NO. 4, JULY 2001 2589 Barium and Strontium Ferrite Perpendicular Thin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    the perpendicular component of the recording field without broad- ening the head field for both inductive thin film out for about 60 s at 800 C using a RTA furnace oven. The magnetic properties of the films were

  20. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C2, supplment au n2j Tome 45? fvrier 1984 p3-^ C2-473

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    proliferation induction. Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http://dx.doi.org/10 (AAS) K+ and Ca++ contents were determined after dehydration of the samples in a drying oven (24 h

  1. Soil and Water Science Department University of Florida Background concentrations of trace metals in Florida surface soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    using Teflon pressure bombs in a microwave digestion oven and analyzed using a graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer (GFAAS), an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP/MS) and an inductively

  2. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C3, suppl6men-t au n 0 9 , Tome 48, septembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    in an induction furnace under a protective atmosphere. A schematic drawing of a half of the specially designed materials were bakedin a vacuum oven before testing. Biscuits were made in a mold in which sand, after bing

  3. Chemical synthesis of crystalline, pure or Mn-doped ZnGa2O4 powders at 90 C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tas, A. Cuneyt

    in a constant-temperature laboratory oven. Single-phase pure or Mn-doped zinc gallate powders synthesized-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, inductively-coupled plasma

  4. Biomaterials 21 (2000) 1429}1438 Synthesis of biomimetic Ca-hydroxyapatite powders at 373C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tas, A. Cuneyt

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    oven drying at 803C. There was observed, surprisingly, no decomposition of HA into the undesired -TCP- transform infra-red spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and inductively coupled plasma atomic

  5. CHANGES IN HYDROMINERAL METABOLISM IN DIARRHOEIC RABBITS 2. Study of the Modifications of Electrolyte Metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    animals, induction of diarrhoea, sampling from the different segments of the digestive tract and from determined after drying, crushing and homo- genization. An aliquot of 1 g. was mineralized in an oven at 420

  6. ~'~"'~ Solid State Communications, Vol.66,No.4, pp.339-341, 1988. ~,~_~i]Printed in Great Britain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    elements by induction melting and melt spinning under pro~ective atmospheres as described elsewhere . X oven. Oxidation was avoided by operating the ove~ in a d)[namic vacuum of better than 2 x lO-~Pa (l

  7. Supporting Information Dry deposition fluxes and deposition velocities of seven trace metal species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    significant digits (Fang et al., 2007a, b). 2. Chemical analysis The samples were placed in an oven one night-MS (Perkin Elmer Sciex ELAN DRC ) analysis of arsenic species and inductively coupled plasma - atomic

  8. Enhanced Emission Using Thin Li-Halide Cathodic Interlayers for Improved Injection into Poly(p-phenylene vinylene)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    photolithographic patterning, the anodes were plasma treated using an inductively coupled plasma reactive ion of the ITO anodes by spin coating, then annealed in an oven at 110C for 10 min in ambient air. Thin films

  9. To whom correspondence should be addressed. Present address: De-partment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    tech- niques, for example induction heating, arc furnaces, and microwave heating. Several research-use microwave ovens, many metal powders will heat rapidly and without noticeable electrical dis- charges

  10. Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    at 90, 100, 120, 140, 150 and 160 C in air- ventiled ovens by Fourier transform infrared after a considerably shorter induction period but reaches a lower maximal rate than in additive free PE

  11. Laboratory Handbook Department of Ecology and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    , ...) 1118 toxic waste storage room Recycling and waste disposal (paper, glass, aluminum, PET, Styrofoam autoclave the tip boxes, and afterwards, place them in the drying oven. Waste disposal: Recycling). Chemical waste: Organic compounds (phenol, chloro

  12. Science Education | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    latest WomenInSTEM highlights the work of Angela Capece -- a physicist at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. July 17, 2014 Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this...

  13. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4 Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 17 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this...

  14. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 12 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this...

  15. Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4 Education Toolbox Search Education Toolbox Search Enter terms Search Retain current filters Showing 1 - 10 of 15 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this...

  16. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewables Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  17. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Download Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be...

  18. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Download Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can...

  19. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted...

  20. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Middle School (6-8) Teachers Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 27 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward...

  1. Courtyard Hanover Lebanon 10 Morgan Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    Meeting spaces Pool entrances Restaurants and lounges Self-operating lifts Service animals allowed: HBO Cable/satellite TV Color TV Wet bar Kitchen Amenities Microwave oven Silverware Business

  2. Computer-Aided Verification: How to Trust a Machine with Your Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    are used to control all sorts of devices -- from washing machines and microwave ovens to braking systems is formidable. The formal verification of a five-line algorithm can easily run into pages of dense mathematical

  3. Fuel Saving Ideas for Metal and Ceramic Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, R. J.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An easy method is presented for analyzing sources of heat loss from industrial processing furnaces, kilns, and ovens; and thus for recognizing opportunities for fuel saving. This will relate to melting, heat treating and hot forming of metals...

  4. Infra-Red Process for Colour Fixation on Fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, D.; Raymond, D. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infra-red radiations find wide application in industrial processes as heating, drying, stoving and forming. The results are often far better than those from the other techniques: convection oven, gas IR etc . They come from the electric IR specific...

  5. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Middle School (6-8) Teachers Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward...

  6. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Search results Search results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 18 results. Download Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Check out this staightforward lesson, that can be adapted...

  7. Search results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    izza-box-solar-oven-0 Download Scale Models and Wind Turbines As wind turbines and wind farms become larger to take advantage of the economies of scale and increased wind speeds at...

  8. 7, 14791506, 2007 apportionment of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , coal residential, coke oven, coal power plant, biomass burning, natural gas (NG) combustion. The major showed distinct seasonal variations. High contributions of biomass burning and coal (residential and coke is the world's largest coal consumption region (IEA, 2006). Thu

  9. A Comparison of Iron and Steel Production Energy Use and Energy Intensity in China and the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other bituminous coal and coking coal. Small differences incoal (used as fuel) Coking coal Coke oven coke Natural gasrange for typical NCVs of coking coal of 26.6 to 29.8Mj/kg.

  10. Adsorption of Hydrogen Sulfide onto Activated Carbon Fibers: Effect of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borguet, Eric

    . These processes include natural gas processing, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, Kraft mills, coke ovens, and coal gasifiers. H2S concentrations in these processes vary from 0 to 60 vol % (6). The Claus process

  11. Solar | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    18, 2014 Solar Pizza Oven Box k - 6 May 5, 2014 Register by May 9 to attend the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit, May...

  12. EA-0819: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Eight Types of Consumer Products: Room Air Conditioners, Water Heaters, Direct Heating Equipment, Mobile Home Furnaces, Ranges and Ovens, Pool Heaters, Fluorescent Ballasts, and Television Sets

  13. Consumer and shear force evaluation of steaks from the M. Serratus ventralis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagley, Jason Lee

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    , tenderness of cut, juiciness desirability, juiciness of cut, flavor desirability, and flavor intensity. When cooked on the grill, in the oven, or in a skillet, injected steaks received the highest (P < 0.05) ratings for tenderness. Furthermore, consumers...

  14. HOW TO LIVE (almost) FOREVER Justyna Derkach, UG Lab/Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    before you work with these. acrylonitrile arsenic asbestos benzene coke oven emissions ethylene from ABB Scientific Stores or Justyna JHE-A106) #12;NASTIES (designated substances) More paperwork

  15. 1 novembre 8, 2011 Title: The Employment Potential of Site Remediation Policies: a Micro-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , the first gathering gasworks and coke ovens and the other dealing with petrol filling stations. As regards are only beginning to design a policy. It is very likely that this will become a major policy issue

  16. lentil-buckwheat-loaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Lentils 1 pint veg stock dried herbs (parsley + rosemary are recommended) 1 tsp Marmite ... While 3. is taking place, preheat oven to 200C/400F/Gas Mark 6 5.

  17. Supporting Information Wiley-VCH 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Eric N.

    . All reactions were performed in oven dried scintillation vials unless otherwise stated. The vessels at the Harvard University mass spectrometry facility. Chiral HPLC analysis was performed on a Shimadzu VP

  18. EAST CAROLINA UNIVERSITY HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL USE GRANT REVIEW FORM ECU policy requires that all grant proposals involving the use of hazardous chemicals be reviewed by an institutional review committee or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -benezene 4-Aminodiphenyl Asbestos Coal tar pitch volatiles Methyl chloromethyl ether Formaldehyde Vinyl chloride Coke oven emissions 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane Lead Cadmium Benzene Cotton dust Chromium VI

  19. The effect of drying treatment on the n-alkane analysis M Olivn, K Osoro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    38 and lucerne hay samples (n = 33) were prepared for the alkane analysis by two procedures : freeze-dried faeces and herbage (lucerne hay) samples. Therefore oven-drying would not affect on the estimation

  20. THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    oven. Containers with restricted openings such as syrup bottles must not be used for cooking. Food recommended by microwave food manufacturers. You can heat food in containers made of glass, plastic, paper bottles, formula bottles, irrigation bottles, towels, and blankets

  1. Dry, portable calorimeter for nondestructive measurement of the activity of nuclear fuel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beyer, Norman S. (Elmhurst, IL); Lewis, Robert N. (Clarendon Hills, IL); Perry, Ronald B. (Hinsdale, IL)

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The activity of a quantity of heat-producing nuclear fuel is measured rapidly, accurately and nondestructively by a portable dry calorimeter comprising a preheater, an array of temperature-controlled structures comprising a thermally guarded temperature-controlled oven, and a calculation and control unit. The difference between the amounts of electric power required to maintain the oven temperature with and without nuclear fuel in the oven is measured to determine the power produced by radioactive disintegration and hence the activity of the fuel. A portion of the electronic control system is designed to terminate a continuing sequence of measurements when the standard deviation of the variations of the amount of electric power required to maintain oven temperature is within a predetermined value.

  2. zzz abcdefg test zzz seattle pi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    preparation pan egg recipe makes medium large chopped oven bowl onion sauce cream milk stir water com pound body half stirring restaurant mail broth vegetable found bean saucepan powder beat skillet white rib

  3. Job Safety Analysis College/Department/Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Job Safety Analysis (JSA) College/Department/Unit: Title of Job Activity: Oven Location of Activity and understanding the Job Safety Analysis: Date Name (Print) Signature #12;JSA # Page 3 Basic Job Steps Possible

  4. Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    used either natural gas or propane for cooktop fuel. Of the1302 Cooktop Fuel Type Gas Propane Electric - ResistanceFuel Type Gas Electric Propane Cooktop and Oven Together

  5. Save Energy With A Picnic! | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and unplugged. You'll save energy and money by turning off the stove, oven, lamps, and air conditioner (and probably the television, too). Walking or biking to your picnic and...

  6. Systems integration and analysis of advanced life support technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nworie, Grace A.

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    exiting the drying oven Qp,sp Energy required for heating sweetpotato Msp Mass of sweetpotato working material entering the oven Psp Power required for heating sweetpotato Cp,air Specific heat capacity of air ?air Density of air Mair Mass...-milling process??????????...........?...103 Fig. B.5. Mass balance for the milling process????????????...........?. 103 Fig. B.6. Mass balance for the packaging process??????????????... 104 Fig. B.7. Mass balance for the first clean up process...

  7. Allison Lab Protocol: Microbial Biomass by Fumigation, 1/2008, Steve Allison CHLOROFORM FUMIGATION DIRECT EXTRACTION (CFDE) PROTOCOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German, Donovan P.

    the chloroform by running 500 ml over 25 g of basic grade 1 alumina in a syringe or column. (or purchase ethanol soil moisture (48 hours @ 100°C) -one non-fumigated sample (10 g oven-dry equivalent) for immediate extraction with 0.5 M K2SO4. -one fumigated sample (10 g oven-dry equivalent). 2. Place non

  8. The Problem of Second-Hand Industrial Equipment: Reclaiming a Missed Opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly-Detwiler, P.; Opheim, K.

    furnaces, preheating combustion air, high-efficiency burners, use of coke oven gas compressors, heat recovery of coke oven gases, and dry coke quenching. In addition, high efficiency motor retrofits and installation of adjustable speed drives are less... country industries are likely to experience growing difficulties in their ability to profitably service the domestic markets for which they were designed, let alone potential export markets, if they are dependent on outdated, inefficient industrial...

  9. Comparison of MELCOR modeling techniques and effects of vessel water injection on a low-pressure, short-term, station blackout at the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbajo, J.J.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fully qualified, best-estimate MELCOR deck has been prepared for the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station and has been run using MELCOR 1.8.3 (1.8 PN) for a low-pressure, short-term, station blackout severe accident. The same severe accident sequence has been run with the same MELCOR version for the same plant using the deck prepared during the NUREG-1150 study. A third run was also completed with the best-estimate deck but without the Lower Plenum Debris Bed (BH) Package to model the lower plenum. The results from the three runs have been compared, and substantial differences have been found. The timing of important events is shorter, and the calculated source terms are in most cases larger for the NUREG-1150 deck results. However, some of the source terms calculated by the NUREG-1150 deck are not conservative when compared to the best-estimate deck results. These results identified some deficiencies in the NUREG-1150 model of the Grand Gulf Nuclear Station. Injection recovery sequences have also been simulated by injecting water into the vessel after core relocation started. This marks the first use of the new BH Package of MELCOR to investigate the effects of water addition to a lower plenum debris bed. The calculated results indicate that vessel failure can be prevented by injecting water at a sufficiently early stage. No pressure spikes in the vessel were predicted during the water injection. The MELCOR code has proven to be a useful tool for severe accident management strategies.

  10. Moisture effects in low-slope roofs: Drying rates after water addition with various vapor retarders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedersen, C.R. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark); Petrie, T.W. [Marquette Univ., Milwaukee, WI (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Courville, G.E.; Desjarlais, A.O.; Childs, P.W.; Wilkes, K.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests have been conducted in the Large Scale Climate Simulator (LSCS) of the US. Building Envelope Research Center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to investigate downward drying rates of various unvented, low-slope roof systems. A secondary objective was to study heat flow patterns so as to understand how to control latent heat effects on impermeable heat flux transducers. Nine test sections were tested simultaneously. The sections had a p deck above fibrous-glass insulation and were examples of cold-deck systems. These five sections had various vapor retarder systems on a gypsum board ceiling below the insulation. The other four sections had a lightweight insulating concrete deck below expanded polystyrene insulation and the same vapor retarder systems, and were examples of warm-deck systems. The cold-deck systems had materials that were relatively permeable to water vapor, while the materials in the warm-deck systems were less permeable. All test sections were topped by an impermeable roofing membrane. The test sections were instrumented with thermocouples between all layers and with small heat flux transducers at the bottom and top of the fibrous-glass insulation and in the middle of the expanded polystyrene insulation. Two different kinds of moisture probes were used to qualitatively monitor the movement of the moisture. The heat flux measurements showed that heat conduction dominates the system using impermeable insulation materials, with only a slight increase due to increased thermal conductivity of wet expanded polystyrene. There was significant transfer of latent heat in the test sections with permeable insulation, causing the peak heat fluxes to increase by as much as a factor of two. With temperatures imposed that are typical of summer days, latent heat transfer associated with condensation and evaporation of moisture in the test sections was measured to be as important as the heat transfer by conduction.

  11. ORCID-opoly, Where High-touch Meets High-Tech: Learning and Outreach efforts in support of ORCID Integration at Texas A&M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Gail

    2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Email #1 to graduate students and faculty that ORCiDs are coming Identify 10,334 current graduate students in campus records database Discover that 120 messages bounced due to bad email address Lose next turn! Pick up one card from... Faculty Questions Deck Pick up six cards from Student Questions Deck Send Bulk Email #2 to graduate students: Your ORCiDs created by end of week Mint 10,363 ids for Graduate Students Tweet your progress 2138 ids claimed by Graduate...

  12. Modeling of reactor components using FIDAP: a finite element computer code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gangadharan, Anand

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The test famlity resembles a scaled model of a, high pressure injection of cold water into the cold leg and downcomer of s. pressurized water reactor (PWR). This experiment has current relevance because... DECK FOR EPRI/SAI THERMAL MIXING EXPERIMENT 66 B INPUT DECK FOR THE ADVANCED FUEL COOLING SYSTEM . 78 vn LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1 Constants used in the rc ? e model. 18 2 Experimental test values. 20 vsn LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Model...

  13. Shipboard lighting: A.D. 400-1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Kendra LeeAnne

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Openings in the Deck: Gratings, Skylights and Deck-lights. . . 82 88 CONCLUSION. . . . 105 REFERENCES. 113 APPENDIX 129 VITA. 142 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 Ancient Shipwrecks with Non-Cargo Lamps Organized by Date. . . . . . 2 Shipwrecks with Lamps... (1862-63, Edited 1987), provided first hand accounts of how certain areas of a ship were illuminated. Perhaps the largest portion of information came from reports of wreck sites which mention an oil-lamp, candle or lantern among the non-cargo artifact...

  14. Potential Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Savings in the John Sealy South Building at UTMB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Reddy, T. A.; Houcek, J. K.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that annual savings of $174,000 can be realized by changing the EMCS control program and calibrating the temperature sensors of the cold deck. The majority of energy savings occur because the optimized operation schedule reduces reheat substantially. Our.... These systems pre-cool outdoor air before mixing with return air. Chilled water and steam are supplied by the central plant. An Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) was supposed to maintain the outdoor air cold deck temperature at 60 ?F and the main cold...

  15. Load distribution effects and repair procedures for existing skewed plate girder bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crozier, Allen R

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and intermittently along the span. " The investigations of the requirements for these members must include: 1) Transfer of lateral wind loads from the bottom flange of the girder to the deck and from the deck to the bearings. 2) Stability of the bottom flange... flange stresses due to the skew angle counteracts the increase that would result from the complete removal of diaphragms from the bridge. Thus, diaphragm removal would only bring the stress levels in the girders back to the design stress levels...

  16. CCLEP Retrofit and Innovative Controls to Achieve 56% Energy Savings for a Luxury Shopping Mall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, L.; Pang, X.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Lewis, T. G.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fig. 3 shows two cases of typical VAV settings before CC. For case 1, the VAV box is set up as a CAV box. In the operation range of both actuators, which is from 5 psi to 13 psi, there is simultaneous heating and cooling. For case 2, cold air has a... box performance after CC Fig. 4 shows the typical box performance after CC. The hot deck actuator is in operation from 5 psi to 9 psi while the cold deck actuator is in operation from 9 psi to 13 psi. In this way, the operation of the dual- duct...

  17. Lawn Fertilization for Texas Warm-Season Grasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalmers, David; McAfee, James; Havlak, Roger

    2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    numbers (such as 16-4-8). These numbers?known as the fertilizer analysis?represent the percentage by weight of nitrogen, phosphorus (expressed as available phosphoric acid, or P 2 0 5 ) and potassium (expressed as soluble potash, or K 2 0...) in the fertilizer. Figure 1. To calculate the size of your lawn, measure each section and add up the total number of square feet. F eet? Feet? Landscape plants Deck House Drive Lawn 80 Feet 180 F eet Deck House Drive #9 #7 #6 #8 #5 #1 #4 #3 #2 3 Many soils may...

  18. Analytical and Experimental Assessment of an AASHTO I-girder Type I Prestressed with AFRP Tendons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Wesley David

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    8-in.) rocker supports placed 915 mm (36 in.) apart to distribute the load evenly throughout the composite topping deck. Rocker supports with 20320376-mm (883-in.) Neoprene bearing pads supported the girder. The bearing pads were positioned... (12) 305 (12) 457 (18) 915 (36) Bearing Pad Unit (mm [in]) Top View 1.63 m (64) Edge of Topping Deck C L 15 Figure 2-8. LVDT Layout (Flexure Test). Thirty-one string potentiometers were attached to the bottom of the girder to measure...

  19. Development and testing of a low-maintenance, energy-absorbing bridge rail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, John Craig

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vehicle leaves the flow of traffic and strikes a bridge rail. The second concern is for the safety of the maintenance workers who must repair bridge rail damage following a collision. Third, the increasing cost of maintaining br idge decks and rails... during a more severe collision. Furthermore, the new bridge rail is designed to fit either new or existing standard bridge decks. Following development of the new bridge rail, two full-scale vehicle crash-tests were performed at the TTI Research...

  20. Design of a bench-scale apparatus for processing carbon black derived from scrap tires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodrow, Philip Travis

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    O and continuously agitated for around 24 hrs. This procedure dissolves nearly all of the catalyst(s). Depending upon the metal salt catalyst(s) used, additional chemical additives, such as HCI&, @, might be employed to assist in this procedure. Following this, a... case, where it is known as an extraction battery. 19 Moving-bed extraction is characterized by moving the solids through the solvent with little or no agitation. Examples of moving-bed equipment are single-deck and multi-deck rake classifiers...

  1. Development and testing of a low-maintenance, energy-absorbing bridge rail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, John Craig

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vehicle leaves the flow of traffic and strikes a bridge rail. The second concern is for the safety of the maintenance workers who must repair bridge rail damage following a collision. Third, the increasing cost of maintaining br idge decks and rails... during a more severe collision. Furthermore, the new bridge rail is designed to fit either new or existing standard bridge decks. Following development of the new bridge rail, two full-scale vehicle crash-tests were performed at the TTI Research...

  2. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  3. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1993-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  4. Apparatus for making photovoltaic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1994-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  5. Process for making photovoltaic devices and resultant product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Foote, James B. (Toledo, OH); Kaake, Steven A. F. (Perrysburg, OH); Meyers, Peter V. (Bowling Green, OH); Nolan, James F. (Sylvania, OH)

    1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus (70) for making a large area photovoltaic device (22) that is capable of generating low cost electrical power. The apparatus (70) for performing the process includes an enclosure (126) providing a controlled environment in which an oven (156) is located. At least one and preferably a plurality of deposition stations (74,76,78) provide heated vapors of semiconductor material within the oven (156) for continuous elevated temperature deposition of semiconductor material on a sheet substrate (24) including a glass sheet (26) conveyed within the oven. The sheet substrate (24) is conveyed on a roller conveyor (184) within the oven (156) and the semiconductor material whose main layer (82) is cadmium telluride is deposited on an upwardly facing surface (28) of the substrate by each deposition station from a location within the oven above the roller conveyor. A cooling station (86) rapidly cools the substrate (24) after deposition of the semiconductor material thereon to strengthen the glass sheet of the substrate.

  6. Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

    2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

  7. Modification of environmental control of cokemaking plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katoh, H.; Yasuno, M.; Gotch, T.; Yoshida, F.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, global environmental protection has been a great concern in the world. In the United States of America, the Clean Air Act (CAA) has been revised to control emissions strictly. Especially in the field of cokemaking, the restriction of fume emission from a coke oven is so severe that old coke ovens will stop operation with the application of CAA. In Japan, it is expected that more severe protection measures are going to be requested for keeping environmental quality. In this situation, it is indispensable to strengthen environmental protection measures for cokemaking plants to continue coke production in the 21st century. In Chiba Works, Kawasaki Steep Corp., the Ironmaking Department has been struggling for the improvement of environmental measures for. These activities for coke ovens are described in this report. The paper describes fume emission control from the coke oven door and dust emission control measures, including the dust monitoring system, prevention of secondary dust scattering from coke ovens, replacement of dedusters, and fume and dust control of stack emission.

  8. Techno-socio-economic study of bio-gas plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study covers technological, social and economic aspects of the biogas program in Chitawan, Nepal. Many interesting facts are revealed which may be useful for future planning of Nepalese biogas programs. Concerning the social aspects, only big farmers (having more than 4 bighas of land and more than 10 domestic animals) were found to have biogas plants. No farmer who had a biogas plant was illiterate. As for the technical aspects of the total gas ovens used in the area, 66% were of BTI design. Most of the ovens were of 0.45-m/sup 3/ capacity. The life of BTI ovens was found to be shorter than the life of ovens of other companies. BTI ovens are not useful when farmers have to use a big pot for cooking. All farmers of the area were found to be convinced of the utility of the biogas plant. With regard to the economic aspects of using biogas plants, farmers were able to save 53% of the total expenditure which they had been spending for fuel. Wood consumption was reduced to 50% by using biogas. The internal rate of return of a 2.8-m/sup 3/ biogas plant was found to be 14% assuming that the plant would last for 20 years. Most of the farmers in the area did not have biogas plants. The main reason given was that there were not enough capital and cattle to begin such an operation.

  9. Calculation of Extreme Wave Loads on Coastal Highway Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Bo

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    force on bridge decks. 2D Model is a linear wave model, which has the capability of calculating wave velocity potential components in time domain based on wave parameters such as wave height, wave period and water depth, and complex structural geometries...

  10. WAVE INTERACTION EFFECTS FOR NONCOMPLIANT TLP P. Teigen J.M. Niedzwecki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    of small (infinitesimal) wave heights and linearized boundary condi tions. A logical extension of linear predictions obtained with a second order diffraction program is compared to experimental results from model for wave height/deck clear ance are obtained from stochastic analysis performed on extensive experimental

  11. TESLA 2002-10 CBP Tech Note-268

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LCC-0108 TESLA 2002-10 CBP Tech Note-268 Comparison of Emittance Tuning Simulations in the NLC and TESLA Damping Rings A. Wolski LBNL W. Decking DESY November 11th , 2002 Abstract Vertical emittance is a critical issue for future linear collider damping rings. Both NLC and TESLA specify vertical emittance

  12. Contact Issue 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jolt shoalfire completely out now, Mr. Spock. Both shuttlecraft are completely destroyed and the flight deck is a mess. It will be useless until we can repair it at a star base. Somehow the sealing held on the large bay doors or we...

  13. RELAP5/MOD3.2 analysis of a VVER-1000 reactor with UO[2] fuel and MOX fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Chun

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A RELAP5/MOD3.2 model of a VVER-1000/MODEL V320 nuclear power plant, Balakovo Unit 4, was updated, improved and validated on the basis of an input deck prepared by the Kurchatov Institute of Moscow. The RELAP5 model includes both the primary...

  14. All are welcome! Mechanical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Mechanical Engineering Seminar Room E547 Bobbin Friction Stir Welding: Process Optimisation for Joining Wet-Deck Panels in Marine Applications Mohammad Sued, UC ME PhD-cand. Abstract: Friction stir welding (FSW although BFSW process and conventional friction stir welding (CFSW) process are similar but yet

  15. Though no material is "fire proof," the proper use and assembly of fire-rated building materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    General Though no material is "fire proof," the proper use and assembly of fire-rated building materials can reduce a fire's spread, and lengthen the amount of time it takes for a home to ignite and burn. Structural assembly is the layering of building materials. Decks are a very popular, well-used feature

  16. APPLICATIONS OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPLICATIONS OF HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS TO BUILDINGS AND BRIDGE DECKS. By MAHADEVAN Chapter Page 1. Introduction 1.1. Overview of hybrid ground source heat pump systems 1.2. Literature review 1.3. Thesis objective and scope 2. Optimal sizing of hybrid ground source heat pump system

  17. Unmanned Cooperative Fire-Seeking and -Fighting Robot with Bluetooth Communication and Stair-Climbing Capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Ying-Chin

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    development board. The software is written in C language and the interface is established through Hyper Terminal built in Windows XP. UCSFRs are low cost unmanned vehicles compared with other commercial ones. The double-deck structure is applied on the DVs...

  18. North Campus Recreation Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Neuro- Plant #1 Hospital Chiller Hospital Chiller Hill Whitehead Phillips OldWest Polk Place Carr Murphey Grimes Battle Graham Mason Farm Rd. Chiller 1307 Craige James KouryNatatorium Pinetum UNC Hospital Medicine Center McCaskill Cobb Parking Deck Chiller Center for Knapp-Sanders Gore Cogen. Neurosciences

  19. I N T E R N E T L O O K U P Embedded computing devices are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    building materials: · Sense vibrations, temperature, moisture · Monitor premises for intruders · Cancel street noise 2. Bridge deck erected with smart building materials: · Senses, reports traffic, wind loads. Autonomous robomailbot performing nominally manual labor. 9. Street light senses foot and motor traffic

  20. Resource Sharing in Performance Models Vlastimil Babka, Martin Decky, and Petr Tuma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    observed during the relatively isolated execution of benchmarks. Unless resource sharing is described shared resources [16,17,18,26,27,29] or points out the high cost of solving the performance model whenResource Sharing in Performance Models Vlastimil Babka, Martin Decky, and Petr Tuma Department

  1. Deflection of Concrete Slabs Reinforced with Advanced Composite Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    investigated as an alternative to overcome the corrosion problem in bridge decks, parking garages, water and wastewater treatment facilities, marine structures and chemical plants. In addition to their excellent non rod produced by Mitsubishi Kasei, Japan. The CFRP rods are fabricated using continuous coal tar pitch

  2. An Advanced Economizer Controller for Dual Duct Air Handling Systems - with a Case Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    penalty, advanced economizers are developed in this paper. The application of the advanced economizer has resulted in $7,00O/yr savings in one 95,000 ft2 school building since 1993. The impacts of cold and hot deck settings on the energy consumption...

  3. Distributed Intelligence: Overview of the Field and its Application in Multi-Robot Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Lynne E.

    or system, in- cluding agents, humans, robots, smart sensors, and so forth. In these systems, different carrier flight deck, who are segmented into the catapult crew, the landing signal officers, ordnance- men, sensors, computer systems, and even people and animals (such as search and rescue dogs) that can work

  4. CCLEP Retrofit and Innovative Controls to Achieve 56% Energy Savings for a Luxury Shopping Mall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, L.; Pang, X.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Lewis, T. G.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    single fan dual-duct VAV AHUs, 123 dual-duct pneumatic controller pressure independent terminal boxes, and a central heating and cooling plant. Major retrofit efforts include upgrading from pneumatic to DDC controls for all AHUs, installing main hot deck...

  5. Fields Institute Communications Volume 00, 0000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ken

    that will be used throughout the paper. 1.1 The Tsetlin library. Imagine a deck of n cards, labeled 1, 2, . . . , n i with some probability wi, where wi > 0 and i wi = 1. This process, called the Tsetlin library corresponds to the ordering (1), (2), . . . , (n) of the cards. 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification

  6. PERFORMANCE-RELATED SPECIAL PROVISION FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE MIX DESIGNS FOR CONCRETE SUPERSTRUCTURE (Tollway)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PERFORMANCE-RELATED SPECIAL PROVISION FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE MIX DESIGNS FOR CONCRETE of designing and furnishing high performance portland cement concrete for special applications to the decks the Illinois Tollway with a methodology to assure high quality concrete with reduced shrinkage potential, while

  7. Fiber ReinforcedFiber Reinforced CementitiousCementitious CompositesComposites B. Mobasher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobasher, Barzin

    prefabricated shapes panels shotcrete curtain walls Slabs on grade precast elements Composite decks Vaults Continuous and discontinuous fibers Natural, Asbestos, Wood, rock wool. Synthetic, Steel, E-glass, AR Glass of Interface Weak Zone Steel fibers, high w/c, CH formation Glass fibers strand effect, embrittlement, filling

  8. The PennsylvaniaStateUniversity HUB-RobesonAddition and Renovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookstore Duct Work Install Green Roof Curtain Wall Install Skylight Framing Lay Brick on East Faade Co., Inc. EastEntryConcretePour #12; Gilbane Building Co., Inc. GreenRoof CurtainWall #12; Gilbane and Stair Acoustical Decking Install Mechanical Control Valves Install Green Roof Curtain Wall

  9. Major Project Survey Form Including Bldg. Info 1 Created on: 3/24/2005 FAU Project Survey Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Composition Sheathing Composition Curtain Precast Panel Metal Corrugater Glass Curtain or Glass Pane Stucco & Storage Temporary Structure Construction: Roof Walls Floor A Concrete & Fire Protected Steel Concrete or Glass Concrete or Light Conc. On Metal Deck C Metal or Prestress Conc. Metal Conc. Or Glass Concrete D

  10. Steep-Slope Assembly Testing of Clay and Concrete Tile With and Without Cool Pigmented Colors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cool color pigments and sub-tile venting of clay and concrete tile roofs significantly impact the heat flow crossing the roof deck of a steep-slope roof. Field measures for the tile roofs revealed a 70% drop in the peak heat flow crossing the deck as compared to a direct-nailed asphalt shingle roof. The Tile Roofing Institute (TRI) and its affiliate members are keenly interested in documenting the magnitude of the drop for obtaining solar reflectance credits with state and federal "cool roof" building efficiency standards. Tile roofs are direct-nailed or are attached to a deck with batten or batten and counter-batten construction. S-Misson clay and concrete tile roofs, a medium-profile concrete tile roof, and a flat slate tile roof were installed on fully nstrumented attic test assemblies. Temperature measures of the roof, deck, attic, and ceiling, heat flows, solar reflectance, thermal emittance, and the ambient weather were recorded for each of the tile roofs and also on an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventional pigmented and directnailed asphalt shingle roof. ORNL measured the tile's underside temperature and the bulk air temperature and heat flows just underneath the tile for batten and counter-batten tile systems and compared the results to the conventional asphalt shingle.

  11. CIHR University Delegate (UD) Update October 2011 During this month's CIHR University Delegates teleconference, most of the discussion focused

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    in January, and much of this meeting will be concerned with issues surrounding CIHR programs and reform to the peer review process. Before I launch into discussing reforms to peer review, you should know on to the main topic - peer-review reforms. There is a slide deck from CIHR that you can access at http

  12. Release of Arsenic to the Environment from CCA-Treated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Release of Arsenic to the Environment from CCA-Treated Wood. 1. Leaching and Speciation during from in-service chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated products and the overall impact to soils and groundwater. To address this issue, two decks were constructed, one from CCA-treated wood and the other from

  13. Risk Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2004 Children's Exposure to Arsenic from CCA-Treated Wooden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Risk Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2004 Children's Exposure to Arsenic from CCA-Treated Wooden Decks and Playground Structures Harold F. Hemond1 and Helena M. Solo-Gabriele2 CCA-treated wood is widely used of CCA-treated wood both by physical contact and by leaching, it is important to determine whether

  14. New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues Submitted March 19, 2001 Objectives 2 I.3 Background 4 CHAPTER II, METALS CONCENTRATIONS IN SOILS BELOW DECKS MADE OF CCA-TREATED WOOD Results from Soil Core Samples 24 II.7 Summary and Conclusions 28 CHAPTER III, INVENTORY OF CCA-TREATED

  15. 10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    + Blending pellets with coal Energy pellet factory Woodchips Power Plants Power Plants Power Plants Power terminal Rotterdam #12;3 200202PP-007 Rotterdam St. Petersburg/ Leningrad Oblast Dry Bulk/Coal stevedore Plants Bulkcarrier containers Bulkcarrier + containers on deck Delivery of BioMass from forests Saw mills

  16. "Orobiomes" Mountain Biomes "Orobiomes" in relation to sea level biomes. Very roughly, the sea level biomes become

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    terracing. The scattered white spots are the metal roofs of farm families' houses. Notice the cloud hanging just above the farms. #12;Cloud Forest. Because the temperature changes little throughout the year and humidity is generally high, the bottom of the cloud deck stays at about the same elevation all the time

  17. Num. Name Grid 0005 Franklin House C -1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Num. Name Grid 0000 0005 Franklin House C - 1 0019 Hodgson Oil Building D - 1 0020 Phi Kappa Hall C Center C - 2 0082 Hull Street Deck B - 2 0090 Geology Hydrothermal Lab C - 2 0101 Chicopee Main Building Biological Sciences Building C - 3, D - 3 1001 Chemistry C - 3 1002 Geography and Geology C - 3 1003 Physics

  18. ACOUSTIC EMISSION HEALTH MONITORING OF STEEL BRIDGES Pooria L. Pahlavan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACOUSTIC EMISSION HEALTH MONITORING OF STEEL BRIDGES Pooria L. Pahlavan1 , Joep Paulissen2 in the field of Acoustic Emission (AE) for monitoring fatigue cracks in steel structures, the implementation in the utilization of AE systems for steel bridge decks. These challenges are mainly related to the multi

  19. Fastest-Path Planning for Direction-Dependent Speed Functions Irina S. Dolinskaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert L.

    seaway is discussed throughout the paper to motivate and demonstrate application of our work. 1 short-range routing of vessels in a seaway, which motivated this research. In the recent years seaway. In addition, a number of operability constraints, such as probability of wet deck and root

  20. : runout specimen max : maximum fatigue stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) layer to concrete bridge deck slab was conceived was drawn without runout specimens .) Figure 6 Fatigue fracture surface of (a) UHPFRC, (b) steel rebar (a influenced by fibre distribution and orientation. Fatigue fracture surface of UHPFRC is similar

  1. Ship of the God: The Amun-Userhet in New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Megan

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Amun-Userhet was a ship which played a crucial role in the development of religious thought in New Kingdom Egypt. The pharaoh and his entourage sailed down the Nile on its deck as part of a religious celebration called the Opet festival...

  2. Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Green Water Around a Two-dimensional Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yucheng

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface-preserving level set method is incorporated into the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) numerical method to simulate the application of the green water phenomena around a platform and the breaking wave above the deck. In the present...

  3. Ship of the God: The Amun-Userhet in New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Megan

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Amun-Userhet was a ship which played a crucial role in the development of religious thought in New Kingdom Egypt. The pharaoh and his entourage sailed down the Nile on its deck as part of a religious celebration called the Opet festival...

  4. MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is an increasing problem as pigs are weaned earlier. Most conventional nurseries are designed and built to meet (temperature, ventilation, feeder and waterer space, and floors) of the weaned pig.Thus, stress on the young are designed or re- designed to facilitate decks, this problem will probably be solved or at least diminished

  5. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Vessel Sanitation Program is proud to bring to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storage Requirements Air circulation Covered Labeled 15 cm off deck #12;Date Marking Requirement;Receiving Fresh Meats, Poultry, and Fish 7C (45F) Reject if: Temperature abused Off odor Off color Discard date must be on food container #12;Day Stores 7C (45F) 24 hours Labels Permanent label

  6. Bwlch Nant Yr Arian Visitor Centre At the heart of a popular beauty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    significant energy, waste and water savings. #12;Our advice Before installing a rainwater harvesting system Standard® Level Two. · Winner of the Arena Network Business and Sustainability Awards 2006, Waste a spacious feel, and let in plenty of light. Outside an elevated timber decking area with timber benches

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1176911777, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11769/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of dry air through the cloud-top, thereby helping to preserve humidity and cloud cover in the boundary layer. The direct radiative effect of absorbing aerosols residing over a bright cloud deck is a positive semi-direct effect of aerosols (Hansen et al., 1997) is often assumed to yield a positive radiative

  8. Method of nitriding refractory metal articles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN); Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Omatete, Ogbemi O. (Lagos, NG); Young, Albert C. (Flushing, NY)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of nitriding a refractory-nitride forming metal or metalloid articles and composite articles. A consolidated metal or metalloid article or composite is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article or composite is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid or composite to an article or composite of refractory nitride. In addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

  9. Method of nitriding, carburizing, or oxidizing refractory metal articles using microwaves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Cressie E. (Knoxville, TN); Dykes, Norman L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Tiegs, Terry N. (Lenoir City, TN)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of nitriding an article of refractory-nitride-forming metal or metalloids. A consolidated metal or metalloid article is placed inside a microwave oven and nitrogen containing gas is introduced into the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is heated to a temperature sufficient to react the metal or metalloid with the nitrogen by applying a microwave energy within the microwave oven. The metal or metalloid article is maintained at that temperature for a period of time sufficient to convert the article of metal or metalloid to an article of refractory nitride. in addition, a method of applying a coating, such as a coating of an oxide, a carbide, or a carbo-nitride, to an article of metal or metalloid by microwave heating.

  10. Innovative coal gas cleaning at Sparrows Point Coal Chemical Plant, Maryland for Bethlehem Steel Corporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antrobus, K.; Platts, M. (Davy/Still Otto, Pittsburgh, PA (US)); Harbold, L. (Bethlehem Steel Corp., PA (USA)); Kornosky, R. (Office of Clean Coal Technology, US DOE, Pittsburgh, PA (US))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to the Clean Coal II solicitation, Bethlehem Steel Corporation (BSC) submitted a proposal to the DOE in May 1988. The proposal submitted by BSC describes a Unique integration of commercial technologies developed by Davy/Still Otto to clean coke oven gas being produced at its Sparrows Point, Maryland steel plant. This innovative coke oven gas cleaning system combines secondary gas cooling with hydrogen sulfide and ammonia removal, hydrogen sulfide and ammonia recovery, ammonia destruction and sulfur recovery to produce a cleaner fuel gas for plant use. The primary environmental benefit associated with employing this innovative coke oven gas cleaning system is realized when the fuel gas is burned within the steel plant. Emissions of sulfur dioxide are reduced by more than 60 percent. The removal, recovery and destruction of ammonia eliminates the disposal problems associated with an unmarketable ammonium sulfate by-product. Significant reduction in benzene and hydrogen cyanide emissions are also obtained.

  11. Methods for reduction of charging emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuecker, F.J.; Schulte, H. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most critical subjects in coking plants are charging emissions. The paper reviews the systems that have been used over the years to reduce charging emissions. The advantages and disadvantages are summarized for the following systems: Double collecting main with aspiration on both oven sides; Single collecting main with/without aspiration via standpipe, and extraction and cleaning of charging gas on charging car; Single collecting main with aspiration via standpipe and pretreatment of charging gas on the charging car as well as additional stationary exhaust and cleaning of charging gas; Single collecting main with aspiration via single standpipe; and Single collecting main with simultaneous aspiration via two standpipes and a U-tube connecting the oven chamber with the neighboring oven. The paper then briefly discusses prerequisites for reduction of charging emissions.

  12. Moisture in Molasses as a Factor in the Heating of Feeds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halick, John V.; Richardson, L. R.

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sugars after inversion, moisture, Brix and ash. Moist.ure was determined by the vacuum oven drying method and ranged from 19 to over 31 percent. Over 71.0 percent of the samples contained 26 percent or more of lwater. If 10 percent of molasses... in a feed contain a normal amount of water, the extra water added in the molasses might raise the moisture content to an unsafe level. Different values for solids were obtained by the Brix and the vacuum oven drying methods, Brix is an unreliable...

  13. Design, construction and start-up of a modern coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, A.E.

    1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The planning and design of a 60-oven, 6m replacement coke battery and associated by-products plant for Republic Steel Corp, Chicago, are described together with the constructional methods used and problems experienced through start-up of the facility. Pushing emission control is achieved with a Mitsubishi-type land-based system and changing emission control with a Nippon Steel combination car and land-based system. A Takahax-Hirohax coke-oven gas desulphurization unit is included in the by-product plant. Construction began in March 1979 with the first push in December 1981.

  14. Development of Lithium Deposition Techniques for TFTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorman, J.; Johnson, D.; Kugel, H.W.; Labik, G.; Lemunyan, G.; et al

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to increase the quantity of lithium deposition into TFTR beyond that of the Pellet Injector while minimizing perturbations to the plasma provides interesting experimental and operational options. Two additional lithium deposition tools were developed for possible application during the 1996 Experimental Schedule: a solid lithium target probe for real-time deposition, and a lithium effusion oven for deposition between discharges. The lithium effusion oven was operated in TFTR to deposit lithium on the Inner Limiter in the absence of plasma. This resulted in the third highest power TFTR discharge.

  15. Development of lithium deposition techniques for TFTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugel, H.W.; Gorman, J.; Johnson, D.; Labik, G.; Lemunyan, G.; Mansfield, D.; Timberlake, J.; Vocaturo, M.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to increase the quantity of lithium deposition into TFTR beyond that of the Pellet Injector while minimizing perturbations to the plasma provides interesting experimental and operational options. Two additional lithium deposition tools were developed for possible application during the 1996 Experimental Schedule: a solid lithium target probe for real-time deposition, and a lithium effusion oven for deposition between discharges. The lithium effusion oven was operated in TFTR to deposit lithium on the Inner Limiter in the absence of plasma. This resulted in the third highest power TFTR discharge.

  16. Cooking for One or Two.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggard, Marilyn A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for one or two servings and reduce waste and cleanup time, For oven dishes, try this idea. Line serving-size oven dishes with foil, fill with food and freeze. Once frozen , remove the item from the dish , seal the foil , label and return to the freezer.... Later, simply return the item to the original dish, heat and serve. Main Dishes Main dishes take a large share of the food dollar, so plan their purchase and use wisely. Instead of cooking a whole roast or steak, divide each into serving...

  17. Energy Consumption and Potential for Energy Conservation in the Steel Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, M. L.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent (weight basis) of the input coal is converted to blast furnace coke and coke breeze and the remaining 30 percent is converted to coke oven gas, tar and li~t oils. A number of chemicals are extracted from these streams, and in at least two... in the world are identical. In the iron-ore reduction process there are three separate operations: blast furnaces, ore agglomerating facilities other than the mine-site preparation previously mentioned, and coke ovens -- the blast furnaces being the central...

  18. Building Energy Supply Infrastructures and Urban Sustained Development of Shenyang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, G.; Wang, Y.; Gao, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    store 300-thousand-cubemeter gases. The compressor is designed to distribute 63? 000m3/h gas. At present, in Shenyang there are oil gases, coal seam gases, mine gases, coke oven gases, liquefied petroleum gases with air, liquefied petroleum gases... Supply Selling Supply Selling kJ/Nm3 Oil gas 3507 2793 403 21767 Coke oven gas 5267 5323 4989 5039 5582 18487 Produced gas 857 7470 297 5870 3824 3592 4475 4916 Oil field gas 7986 6899 7249 6268 7008 6048 7758 6679 6938...

  19. Thermal Plasma Systems for Industrial Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fey, M. G.; Meyer, T. N.; Reed, W. H.; Philbrook, W. O.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    required to produce hot metal. To plasma superheat wind. energy is transferred to the air stream via a plasma torch. To maximize the coke reduction due to wind superheating. other fuels such as oil. natural gas. coke oven gas. and coal can be considered... tuyere injections of steam. oxygen, methane. natural gas. coke-oven gas. coal gas. fuel oils. or coals of various ranks is a two-stage blast furnace mass and heat balance developed by Rist and Meysson [12.13J and others at IRSID. A constraint...

  20. Innovative Self- Generating Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    furnaces ? Flat rolled and tubular steel ESL-IE-13-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 ? 2013 CLEAResult ? All rights reserved. By-Product Gas Flow COG = Coke Oven Gas BFG...-Product Gas Heat Content Heat Content Compared to Natural Gas Amount available (mmBTU/hr) Coke Oven Gas 475 BTU/scf 55% lower 40.4 Blast Furnace Gas 83 BTU/scf 91% lower 43.2 ESL-IE-13-05-06 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology...