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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2011 ... Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using Approximate ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming, ...

2

Adapting Decisions, Optimizing Facts and Predicting Figures: Can Convergence of Concepts, Tools, Technologies and Standards Catalyze Innovation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Managing uncertainty is key in decision systems, such as supply chain management or military readiness. We propose a reasonable confluence of existing concepts, tools, technologies and standards that may, collectively, ...

Datta, Shoumen

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Robust optimal decisions with imprecise forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A robust minimax approach for optimal investment decisions with imprecise return forecasts and risk estimations in financial portfolio management is considered. Single-period and multi-period mean-variance optimization models are extended to worst-case ... Keywords: Minimax, Rival scenarios, Robust optimization

Nalan Gülp?nar; Berc Rustem

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

TECHNOLOGY TYPE: ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION SUPPORT SOFTWARE APPLICATION: VISUALIZATION, SAMPLE OPTIMIZATION, AND COST- BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DATA SETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program (ETV) to facilitate the deployment of innovative or improved environmental technologies through performance verification and dissemination of information. The goal of the ETV Program is to further environmental protection by substantially accelerating the acceptance and use of improved and cost-effective technologies. ETV seeks to achieve this goal by providing high-quality, peer-reviewed data on technology performance to those involved in the design, distribution, financing, permitting, purchase, and use of environmental technologies. ETV works in partnership with recognized standards and testing organizations and stakeholder groups consisting of regulators, buyers, and vendor organizations, with the full participation of individual technology developers. The program evaluates the performance of innovative technologies by developing test plans that are responsive to the needs of stakeholders, conducting field or laboratory tests (as appropriate), collecting and analyzing data, and preparing peer-reviewed reports. All evaluations are conducted in accordance with rigorous quality assurance protocols to ensure that data of known and adequate quality are generated and that the results are defensible. The Site Characterization and Monitoring Technologies Pilot (SCMT), one of 12 technology areas under ETV, is administered by EPA’s National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL). With the support of the U.S.

unknown authors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Optimizing Capital Investment Decisions at Intel Corporation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intel Corporation spends over $5 billion annually on manufacturing equipment. With increasing lead times from equipment suppliers and increasing complexity in forecasting market demand, optimizing capital investment decisions is a significant ... Keywords: Monte Carlo simulation, capacity expansion, capital-intensive industries, dual sourcing, expedited equipment lead times, forecast revision, isoprofit analysis, option contracts, stochastic programming

Karl G. Kempf; Feryal Erhun; Erik F. Hertzler; Timothy R. Rosenberg; Chen Peng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Energy Building Energy Optimization Software to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

7

Optimal Decision Rules for Product Recalls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a hypothetical company that is assumed to have just manufactured and sold a number of copies of a product. It is known that, with a small probability, the company has committed a manufacturing fault that will require a recall. The company ... Keywords: Bayesian analysis, dynamic programming, filtration shrinkage, optimal stopping, point processes, product recalls, quality risk, sequential analysis, stochastic optimal control, supply chain risk

Ali Devin Sezer; Ça?r? Haksöz

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Ant colony decision trees: a new method for constructing decision trees based on ant colony optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we would like to propose a new method for constructing decision trees based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). The ACO is a metaheuristic inspired by the behavior of real ants, where they search for optimal solutions by considering both ...

Urszula Boryczka; Jan Kozak

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

decision support tool for energy storage optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the problem faced by owners of gas storage contracts of how to manage the injection/withdrawal schedule of natural gas, given historical price behavior and a predictive model of future prices. We describe a hybrid price prediction model that combines a support vector machine technique with a stochastic model for short and long-term gas prices, respectively. We present a theoretical result regarding the complexity of the scheduling problem and propose a formulation for an integer program given capacity, injectability and deliverability constraints. We also outline how this was incorporated in a decision support tool that is used by energy traders at a gas utility company. 1

Alan Holland

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Plant Optimization Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation » Clean Coal » Crosscutting Research » Science & Innovation » Clean Coal » Crosscutting Research » Plant Optimization Technologies Plant Optimization Technologies The Plant Optimization Technologies Program is a diverse, scientifically oriented research and development program that addresses issues affecting the way coal is used. The program's primary emphasis is to support the development of advanced technologies that use coal with near-zero emissions. To provide this support, the program identifies scientific and technological needs and develops a basic understanding of the underlying chemical and physical processes that, unless resolved, could create a technological barrier to these new coal-based concepts. The program serves as a bridge between basic science and the fabrication and testing of new technologies. Currently researchers supported by this

11

Making the Optimal Decision in Selecting Protective Clothing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protective Clothing plays a major role in the decommissioning and operation of nuclear facilities. Literally thousands of dress-outs occur over the life of a decommissioning project and during outages at operational plants. In order to make the optimal decision on which type of protective clothing is best suited for the decommissioning or maintenance and repair work on radioactive systems, a number of interrelating factors must be considered. This article discusses these factors as well as surveys of plants regarding their level of usage of single use protective clothing and should help individuals making decisions about protective clothing as it applies to their application. Individuals considering using SUPC should not jump to conclusions. The survey conducted clearly indicates that plants have different drivers. An evaluation should be performed to understand the facility's true drivers for selecting clothing. It is recommended that an interdisciplinary team be formed including representatives from budgets and cost, safety, radwaste, health physics, and key user groups to perform the analysis. The right questions need to be asked and answered by the company providing the clothing to formulate a proper perspective and conclusion. The conclusions and recommendations need to be shared with senior management so that the drivers, expected results, and associated costs are understood and endorsed. In the end, the individual making the recommendation should ask himself/herself: 'Is my decision emotional, or logical and economical?' 'Have I reached the optimal decision for my plant?'.

Price, J. Mark [Southern California Edison, P.O. Box 128, San Clemente, CA 92674 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

Technology and public participation in environmental decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1970, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) has served as the main instrument for analyzing the environmental impacts of federal agency decisions and providing the public with opportunities to participate in ...

Yao, Basilia Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Multi-confidence rule acquisition oriented attribute reduction of covering decision systems via combinatorial optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rule acquisition is one of the most concerned issues in the study of decision systems including covering decision systems. Usually, a covering decision system is inconsistent, which can lead to the result that some of the rules derived from the system ... Keywords: Attribute reduction, Combinatorial optimization, Covering decision system, Optimal rule, Rule acquisition

Xiao Zhang, Changlin Mei, Degang Chen, Jinhai Li

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Reducing CO2 Emissions: Technology, Uncertainty, Decision Making...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing CO2 Emissions: Technology, Uncertainty, Decision Making and Consumer Behavior Speaker(s): Ins Magarida Lima de Azevedo Date: October 31, 2012 - 4:00pm Location: 90-3122...

15

Phi-array: A novel method for fitness visualization and decision making in evolutionary design optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing interest in integrating model based evolutionary optimization in engineering design decision making for effective search of the solution space. Most applications of evolutionary optimization are concerned with the search for optimal ... Keywords: Artificial lighting, Decision making, Design exploration, Evolutionary optimization, Fitness visualization, Phi-array

Monjur Mourshed; Shariful Shikder; Andrew D. F. Price

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Spent Nuclear Fuel Alternative Technology Decision Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) made a FY98 commitment to the Department of Energy (DOE) to recommend a technology for the disposal of aluminum-based spent nuclear fuel (SNF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The two technologies being considered, direct co-disposal and melt and dilute, had been previously selected from a group of eleven potential SNF management technologies by the Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel Task Team chartered by the DOE''s Office of Spent Fuel Management. To meet this commitment, WSRC organized the SNF Alternative Technology Program to further develop the direct co-disposal and melt and dilute technologies and ultimately provide a WSRC recommendation to DOE on a preferred SNF alternative management technology.

Shedrow, C.B.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

DOE signs Record of Decision selecting Hot Isostatic Pressing Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Brad Bugger (208) 526-0833 Danielle Miller (208) 526-5709 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: December 28, 2009 DOE signs Record of Decision selecting Hot Isostatic Pressing Technology for Treatment of High Level Waste The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has signed the Record of Decision (ROD) for the treatment of high level waste calcine at the Department�s Idaho Site, meeting a legal commitment to the State of Idaho for a decision no later than the end of 2009. DOE today announced its decision to treat high-level waste (HLW) calcine using an industrially mature manufacturing process known as hot isostatic pressing (HIP). DOE selected this technology to treat roughly 5,750 cubic yards of highly radioactive waste generated from the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel to recover uranium. Reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel was terminated by a DOE policy decision in 1992.

18

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimized Heat Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research

19

Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L ABORATORY Optimal Technology Selection and Operation ofEnvironmental Energy Technologies Division 15 January 2007for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions with funding

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

An optimization-model-based interactive decision support system for regional energy management systems planning under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, an interactive decision support system (UREM-IDSS) has been developed based on an inexact optimization model (UREM, University of Regina Energy Model) to aid decision makers in planning energy management systems. Optimization modeling, ... Keywords: Decision making, Energy management systems, Green house gas, Interactive decision support system, Optimization, Sustainable development, Uncertainty

Y. P. Cai; G. H. Huang; Q. G. Lin; X. H. Nie; Q. Tan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optimal Decision Stimuli for Risky Choice Experiments: An Adaptive Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting data to discriminate between models of risky choice requires careful selection of decision stimuli. Models of decision making aim to predict decisions across a wide range of possible stimuli, but practical limitations force experimenters to ... Keywords: active learning, choice under risk, experimental design, model discrimination

Daniel R. Cavagnaro; Richard Gonzalez; Jay I. Myung; Mark A. Pitt

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Markov Decision Process (MDP) Framework for Optimizing Software on Mobile Phones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Markov Decision Process (MDP) Framework for Optimizing Software on Mobile Phones Tang Lung Cheung University of California, Davis Frank Maker Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, Davis ABSTRACT We present

Liu, Xin

23

History-Dependent Optimization of Bridge Maintenance and Replacement Decisions Using Markov Decision Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management systems to assist agencies to make maintenance andmanagement system in order to optimize the allocation of resources for maintenance

Robelin, Charles-Antoine; Madanat, Samer M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Joint optimization of location and inventory decisions for improving supply chain cost performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is focused on investigating the integration of inventory and facility location decisions in different supply chain settings. Facility location and inventory decisions are interdependent due to the economies of scale that are inherent in transportation and replenishment costs. The facility location decisions have an impact on the transportation and replenishment costs which, in turn, affect the optimal inventory policy. On the other hand, the inventory policy dictates the frequency of shipments to replenish inventory which, in turn, affects the number of deliveries, and, hence, the transportation costs, between the facilities. Therefore, our main research objectives are to: • compare the optimal facility location, determined by minimizing total transportation costs, to the one determined by the models that also consider the timing and quantity of inventory replenishments and corresponding costs, • investigate the effect of facility location decisions on optimal inventory decisions, and • measure the impact of integrated decision-making on overall supply chain cost performance. Placing a special emphasis on the explicit modeling of transportation costs, we develop several novel models in mixed integer linear and nonlinear optimization programming. Based on how the underlying facility location problem is modeled, these models fall into two main groups: 1) continuous facility location problems, and 2) discrete facility location problems. For the stylistic models, the focus is on the development of analytical solutions. For the more general models, the focus is on the development of efficient algorithms. Our results demonstrate • the impact of explicit transportation costs on integrated decisions, • the impact of different transportation cost functions on integrated decisions in the context of continuous facility location problems of interest, • the value of integrated decision-making in different supply chain settings, and • the performance of solution methods that jointly optimize facility location and inventory decisions.

Keskin, Burcu Baris

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Technology-Based Tools That Facilitate Data-Driven Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe how technology-based tools support data-driven decision making in US schools. We examine how three different applications used in six different school districts either impede or facilitate decision making by educators across ... Keywords: Data-Driven Decision Making, Technology Applications, Theoretical Model

Ellen B. Mandinach; Margaret Honey; Daniel Light; Juliette Heinze; Luz Rivas

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Learning bounded optimal behavior using Markov decision processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creating agents that behave rationally in the real-world is one goal of Artificial Intelligence. A rational agent is one that takes, at each point in time, the optimal action such that its expected utility is maximized. ...

Vuong, Hon Fai, 1975-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Business Intelligence: Data Mining and Optimization for Decision Making, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business intelligence is a broad category of applications and technologies for gathering, providing access to, and analyzing data for the purpose of helping enterprise users make better business decisions. The term implies having a comprehensive knowledge ...

Carlo Vercellis

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Systems Approach and Quantitative Decision Tools for Technology Selection in Environmentally Friendly Drilling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the petroleum industry?s goals is to reduce the environmental impact of oil and gas operations in environmentally sensitive areas. To achieve this, a number of Environmentally Friendly Drilling (EFD) technologies have been developed to varying degrees. For example, the use of an elevated platform as an alternative to the gravel pad is less intrusive and leads to a more environmentally friendly approach to drilling operations. Elevated drilling platforms will require the use of piles. Another alternative to the gravel pad is the use of composite mats. Since the demand of low impact technologies for drill site construction has rapidly increased, the parametric study for the feasibility of using pile foundations and composite mats is conducted in this research. Even though a number of EFD technologies have already been developed to varying degrees, few have been integrated into a field demonstrable drilling system (i.e., combination of technologies) compatible with ecologically sensitive areas. In general, it is difficult to select the best combination of EFD technologies for a given site because there are many possible combinations and many different evaluation criteria. The proposed technology evaluation method is based on a systems analysis that can be used for integrating current and new EFD technologies into an optimal EFD system. An optimization scheme is suggested based on a combination of multi-attribute utility theory and exhaustively enumerating all possible technology combinations to provide a quantitative rationale and suggest the best set of systems according to a set of criteria, with the relative importance of the different criteria defined by the decision-maker. In this research, the sensitivity of the optimal solution to the weight factors and the effects of the uncertainty of input scores are also discussed using a case study. An application of the proposed approach is described by conducting a case study in Green Lake at McFaddin, TX. The main purpose of this case study is to test the proposed technology evaluation protocol in a real site and then to refine the protocol. This research describes the results of the case study which provided a more logical and comprehensive approach that maximized the economic and environmental goals of both the landowner and the oil company leaseholder.

Yu, Ok Y.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) and farmers' decision-making across the agricultural supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a case study of the Indian Tobacco Company's (ITC) e-Choupal initiative, the paper empirically analyses the role of information delivery through information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing decision-making capabilities of Indian ... Keywords: Agricultural supply chain, Decision-making, India, Information and communication technologies (ICTs), e-Choupal

Jabir Ali; Sushil Kumar

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Information Technology Solutions Optimized Alumina Coagulants for  

the world, and in emergency situations. The key benefit to this technology is the efficiency of the coagulation process as a front-end treatment means ...

31

Multi-objective constrained optimization for decision making and optimization for system architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes new methods to solve three problems: 1) how to model and solve decision-making problems, 2) how to translate between a graphical representation of systems and a matrix representation of systems, and ...

Lin, Maokai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

A fuzzy optimization method for multicriteria decision making: An application to reservoir flood control operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a fuzzy optimization method based on the concept of ideal and anti-ideal points to solve multi-criteria decision making problems under fuzzy environments. The quantitative criteria values of each alternative are represented by triangular ... Keywords: Ideal and anti-ideal points, Linguistic value, Multiple criteria analysis, Triangular fuzzy number

Guangtao Fu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Decision system based on neural networks to optimize the energy efficiency of a petrochemical plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy efficiency of industrial plants is an important issue in any type of business but particularly in the chemical industry. Not only is it important in order to reduce costs, but also it is necessary even more as a means of reducing the amount ... Keywords: Cost optimization, Crude oil distillation, Data mining, Decision system, Expert system, Neural network, Petrochemical plant

Iñigo Monedero; Félix Biscarri; Carlos León; Juan I. Guerrero; Rocio González; Luis Pérez-Lombard

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Integrated Multi-Well Reservoir and Decision Model to Determine Optimal Well Spacing in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing well spacing in unconventional gas reservoirs is difficult due to complex heterogeneity, large variability and uncertainty in reservoir properties, and lack of data that increase the production uncertainty. Previous methods are either suboptimal because they do not consider subsurface uncertainty (e.g., statistical moving-window methods) or they are too time-consuming and expensive for many operators (e.g., integrated reservoir characterization and simulation studies). This research has focused on developing and extending a new technology for determining optimal well spacing in tight gas reservoirs that maximize profitability. To achieve the research objectives, an integrated multi-well reservoir and decision model that fully incorporates uncertainty was developed. The reservoir model is based on reservoir simulation technology coupled with geostatistical and Monte Carlo methods to predict production performance in unconventional gas reservoirs as a function of well spacing and different development scenarios. The variability in discounted cumulative production was used for direct integration of the reservoir model with a Bayesian decision model (developed by other members of the research team) that determines the optimal well spacing and hence the optimal development strategy. The integrated model includes two development stages with a varying Stage-1 time span. The integrated tools were applied to an illustrative example in Deep Basin (Gething D) tight gas sands in Alberta, Canada, to determine optimal development strategies. The results showed that a Stage-1 length of 1 year starting at 160-acre spacing with no further downspacing is the optimal development policy. It also showed that extending the duration of Stage 1 beyond one year does not represent an economic benefit. These results are specific to the Berland River (Gething) area and should not be generalized to other unconventional gas reservoirs. However, the proposed technology provides insight into both the value of information and the ability to incorporate learning in a dynamic development strategy. The new technology is expected to help operators determine the combination of primary and secondary development policies early in the reservoir life that profitably maximize production and minimize the number of uneconomical wells. I anticipate that this methodology will be applicable to other tight and shale gas reservoirs.

Ortiz Prada, Rubiel Paul

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Optimized approach to decision fusion of heterogeneous data for breast cancer diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As more diagnostic testing options become available to physicians, it becomes more difficult to combine various types of medical information together in order to optimize the overall diagnosis. To improve diagnostic performance, here we introduce an approach to optimize a decision-fusion technique to combine heterogeneous information, such as from different modalities, feature categories, or institutions. For classifier comparison we used two performance metrics: The receiving operator characteristic (ROC) area under the curve [area under the ROC curve (AUC)] and the normalized partial area under the curve (pAUC). This study used four classifiers: Linear discriminant analysis (LDA), artificial neural network (ANN), and two variants of our decision-fusion technique, AUC-optimized (DF-A) and pAUC-optimized (DF-P) decision fusion. We applied each of these classifiers with 100-fold cross-validation to two heterogeneous breast cancer data sets: One of mass lesion features and a much more challenging one of microcalcification lesion features. For the calcification data set, DF-A outperformed the other classifiers in terms of AUC (p0.10), the DF-P did significantly improve specificity versus the LDA at both 98% and 100% sensitivity (plearning techniques when applied to two different breast cancer data sets.

Jesneck, Jonathan L.; Nolte, Loren W.; Baker, Jay A.; Floyd, Carey E.; Lo, Joseph Y. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Duke Advanced Imaging Labs, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705 (United States); Duke Advanced Imaging Labs, Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Duke Advanced Imaging Labs, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705 and Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, NC 27705 (United States)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Invest or Exit? Optimal Decisions in the Face of a Declining Profit Stream  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even in the face of deteriorating and highly volatile demand, firms often invest in, rather than discard, aging technologies. To study this phenomenon, we model the firm's profit stream as a Brownian motion with negative drift. At each point in time, ... Keywords: decision analysis, diffusion, finance, investment criteria, probability, sequential

H. Dharma Kwon

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Technology Competition and Optimal investment Timing: A Real Options Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies often choose to defer irreversible investments to maintain valuable managerial flexibility in an uncertain world. For some technology-intensive projects, technology uncertainty plays a dominant role in affecting investment timing. This article analyzes the investment timing strategy for a firm that is deciding about whether to adopt one or the other of two incompatible and competing technologies. We develop a continuous-time stochastic model that aids in the determination of optimal timing for managerial adoption within the framework of real options theory. The model captures the elements of the decisionmaking process in such a way so as to provide managerial guidance in light of expectations associated with future technology competition. The results of this study suggest that a technology adopter should defer its investment until one technology’s probability to win out in the marketplace and achieve critical mass reaches a critical threshold. The optimal timing strategy for adoption that we propose can also be used in markets that are subject to positive network feedback. Although network effects usually tend to make the market equilibrium less stable and shorten the process of technology competition, we show why technology adopters may require more technology uncertainties to be

Robert J. Kauffman; Xiaotong Li

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Unified methodology of neural analysis in decision support systems built for pharmaceutical technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to create universal methodology of artificial neural networks (ANNs) application in construction of decision support systems designed for various dosage forms. Two different dosage forms (solid dispersions and microemulsions) ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Decision support systems, Microemulsions, Pharmaceutical technology, Solid dispersions, Unified methodology

Aleksander Mendyk; Renata Jachowicz

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.electricitystorage.org/tech/technologies_comparisons_Chandran (2008), “Optimal Technology Selection and Operationand Thermal Storage Technologies,” ACEEE 2008 Summer Study

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Power-optimal pipelining in deep submicron technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the effectiveness of pipelining as a power saving tool, where the reduction in logic depth per stage is used to reduce supply voltage at a fixed clock frequency. We examine power-optimal pipelining in deep submicron technology, both ... Keywords: pipelining, power scaling, supply voltage reduction

Seongmoo Heo; Krste AsanoviC

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Detecting information technology impact on firm performance using DEA and decision tree  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a modern organisation, it is crucial and common for managers to effectively detect the impact of Information Technology (IT) on firm performance. This allows companies to maintain a competitive edge in rapidly changing business environments ... Keywords: DEA, IT impact, classification, data envelopment analysis, decision tree, decison making, firm performance, information technology, organisational performance

Desheng Wu

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

PROJECT W-551 INTERIM PRETREATMENT SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY SELECTION SUMMARY DECISION REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the conclusions of the tank farm interim pretreatment technology decision process. It documents the methodology, data, and results of the selection of cross-flow filtration and ion exchange technologies for implementation in project W-551, Interim Pretreatment System. This selection resulted from the evaluation of specific scope criteria using quantitative and qualitative analyses, group workshops, and technical expert personnel.

CONRAD EA

2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

44

New Clean Coal Cycle Optimized Using Pinch Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High thermal efficiency and low levels of environmental emissions are priorities in the design of modern power plants. The M. W. Kellogg Company under funding from the Department of Energy, has recently completed a study of a new coal fueled system that would achieve these objectives. During the course of study, Pinch Technology was used to assist in the optimization of the process. The "hybrid cycle" is a second generation PFBC system, employing both gasification and combustion processes. High velocity transport reaction technology, developed originally for Fluid Catalytic Cracking plants, is used in the coal conversion steps; and pulverized limestone is circulated with the coal to capture the sulfur that is released during this process. Both gas turbines and steam turbines are used for power generation. Results from the study indicate that thermal efficiencies in excess of 45% are attainable, with very low NOx and SOx emissions and attractive capital costs. In this paper the hybrid cycle is described and key aspects of this new technology are explained. The benefits of using Pinch Technology as an optimization tool in this project are also presented.

Rossiter, A. P.; O'Donnell, J. J.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Program on Technology Innovation: Decision-Centered Guidelines for the Design of Human System Interfaces for Electric Power Industry Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision-centered guidelines support improved user decision making across a broad range of electric power industry application areas. The guidelines will aid in the design of user-centered human-system interfaces (HSIs), while increasing the beneficial uses of new technologies for electric power generation, transmission, and distribution (GTD) systems. Decision-centered guidelines are applicable to system designs involving new technology that will transform current user tasks, responsibilities, ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Optimal Deployment Plan of Emission Reduction Technologies for TxDOT's Construction Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to develop and test an optimization model that will provide a deployment plan of emission reduction technologies to reduce emissions from non-road equipment. The focus of the study was on the counties of Texas that have nonattainment (NA) and near-nonattainment (NNA) status. The objective of this research was to develop methodologies that will help to deploy emission reduction technologies for non-road equipment of TxDOT to reduce emissions in a cost effective and optimal manner. Three technologies were considered for deployment in this research, (1) hydrogen enrichment (HE), (2) selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and (3) fuel additive (FA). Combinations of technologies were also considered in the study, i.e. HE with FA, and SCR with FA. Two approaches were investigated in this research. The first approach was "Method 1" in which all the technologies, i.e. FA, HE and SCR were deployed in the NA counties at the first stage. In the second stage the same technologies were deployed in the NNA counties with the remaining budget, if any. The second approach was called "Method 2" in which all the technologies, i.e. FA, HE and SCR were deployed in the NA counties along with deploying only FA in the NNA counties at the first stage. Then with the remaining budget, SCR and HE were deployed in the NNA counties in the second stage. In each of these methods, 2 options were considered, i.e. maximizing NOx reduction with and without fuel economy consideration in the objective function. Thus, the four options investigated each having different mixes of emission reduction technologies include Case 1A: Method 1 with fuel economy consideration; Case 1B: Method 1 without fuel economy consideration; Case 2A: Method 2 with fuel economy consideration; and Case 2B: Method 2 without fuel economy consideration and were programmed with Visual C++ and ILOG CPLEX. These four options were tested for budget amounts ranging from $500 to $1,183,000 and the results obtained show that for a given budget one option representing a mix of technologies often performed better than others. This is conceivable because for a given budget the optimization model selects an affordable option considering the cost of technologies involved while at the same time maximum emission reduction, with and without fuel economy consideration, is achieved. Thus the alternative options described in this study will assist the decision makers to decide about the deployment preference of technologies. For a given budget, the decision maker can obtain the results for total NOx reduction, combined diesel economy and total combined benefit using the four models mentioned above. Based on their requirements and priorities, they can select the desired model and subsequently obtain the required deployment plan for deploying the emission reduction technologies in the NA and NNA counties.

Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

General Methodology Combining Engineering Optimization of Primary HVAC & R Plants with Decision Analysis Methods--Part I: Deterministic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is the first of a two-part sequence that proposes a general methodology for dynamic scheduling and optimal control of complex primary HVAC&R plants, which combines engineering analyses within a practical decision analysis framework by modeling risk attitudes of the operator. The paper was based on work done prior to employment by Battelle.

Jiang, Wei; Reddy, T. A.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

DECISION ANALYSIS AND TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENTS FOR METAL AND MASONRY DECONTAMINATION TECHNOLOGIES  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this investigation was to conduct a comparative analysis of innovative technologies for the non-aggressive removal of coatings from metal and masonry surfaces and the aggressive removal of one-quarter to one-inch thickness of surface from structural masonry. The technologies tested should be capable of being used in nuclear facilities. Innovative decontamination technologies are being evaluated under standard, non-nuclear conditions at the FIU-HCET technology assessment site in Miami, Florida. This study is being performed to support the OST, the Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D) Focus Area, and the environmental restoration of DOE facilities throughout the DOE complex by providing objective evaluations of currently available decontamination technologies.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Using a Decision Support System to Optimize Production of Agricultural Crop Residue Biofeedstock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For several years the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing a Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) which determines the economically optimum recipe of various fertilizers to apply at each site in a field to produce a crop, based on the existing soil fertility at each site, as well as historic production information and current prices of fertilizers and the forecast market price of the crop at harvest, for growing a crop such as wheat, potatoes, corn, or cotton. In support of the growing interest in agricultural crop residues as a bioenergy feedstock, we have extended the capability of the DSS4Ag to develop a variable-rate fertilizer recipe for the simultaneous economically optimum production of both grain and straw, and have been conducting field research to test this new DSS4Ag. In this paper we report the results of two years of field research testing and enhancing the DSS4Ag’s ability to economically optimize the fertilization for the simultaneous production of both grain and its straw, where the straw is an agricultural crop residue that can be used as a biofeedstock.

Reed L. Hoskinson; Ronald C. Rope; Raymond K. Fink

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

STATE-OF-THE-ART AND EMERGING TRUCK ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OPTIMIZED PERFORMANCE, EMISSIONS AND LIFE CYCLE COSTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The challenge for truck engine product engineering is not only to fulfill increasingly stringent emission requirements, but also to improve the engine's economical viability in its role as the backbone of our global economy. While societal impact and therefore emission limit values are to be reduced in big steps, continuous improvement is not enough but technological quantum leaps are necessary. The introduction and refinement of electronic control of all major engine systems has already been a quantum leap forward. Maximizing the benefits of these technologies to customers and society requires full use of parameter optimization and other enabling technologies. The next big step forward will be widespread use of exhaust aftertreatment on all transportation related diesel engines. While exhaust gas aftertreatment has been successfully established on gasoline (Otto cycle) engines, the introduction of exhaust aftertreatment especially for heavy-duty diesel engines will be much mo re demanding. Implementing exhaust gas aftertreatment into commercial vehicle applications is a challenging task but the emission requirements to be met starting in Europe, the USA and Japan in the 2005-2007 timeframe require this step. The engine industry will be able to implement the new technology if all stakeholders support the necessary decisions. One decision has already been taken: the reduction of sulfur in diesel fuel being comparable with the elimination of lead in gasoline as a prerequisite for the three-way catalyst. Now we have the chance to optimize ecology and economy of the Diesel engine simultaneously by taking the decision to provide an additional infrastructure for a NOx reduction agent needed for the introduction of the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology that is already implemented in the electric power generation industry. This requires some effort, but the resulting societal benefits, fuel economy and vehicle life cycle costs are significantly better when compared to other competitive technologies. After long discussions this decision for SCR has been made in Europe and is supported by all truck and engine manufacturers. The necessary logistic support will be in place when it will be needed commercially in 2005. For the US the decision has to be taken this year in order to have the infrastructure available in 2007. It will enable the global engine industry to focus their R & D resources in one direction not only for 2007, but for the years beyond 2010 with the best benefit for the environment, the customers and the industry.

Schittler, M

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

52

Technology Optimization Process for Heavy Hybrid Electric Vehicle Systems Using Computational Models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed a computer-based technology optimization process to define vehicle systems that meet specified goals and constraints using a minimum amount of resources. In this paper, we describe the technology optimization process, with a focus on technical target setting, and illustrate its use with a simple example.

OKeefe, M.; Walkowicz, K.; Hendricks, T.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Cost savings deliverables and criteria for the OST technology decision process  

SciTech Connect

This document has been prepared to assist focus area (FA) technical and management teams in understanding the cost savings deliverables associated with a technology system during its research and development (R and D) phases. It discusses the usefulness of cost analysis in the decision-making process, and asserts that the level of confidence and data quality of a cost analysis is proportional to the maturity of the technology system`s development life cycle. Suggestions of specific investment criteria or cost savings metrics that a FA might levy on individual research projects are made but the final form of these elements should be stipulated by the FA management based on their rationale for a successful technology development project. Also, cost savings deliverables for a single FA will be more detailed than those for management of the Office of Science and Technology (OST). For example, OST management may want an analysis of the overall return on investment for each FA, while the FA program manager may want this analysis and the return on investment metrics for each technology research activity the FA supports.

McCown, A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Non-Abelian Groups in Optimization of Decision Diagrams Representations of Discrete Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the reduction of decision diagram (DD) representations of discrete functions by using the non-Abelian groups and Fourier DDs on these groups. The number of levels in a DD can be reduced through decomposition of the domain group ... Keywords: Fourier transform, decision diagrams, discrete functions, non-Abelian groups

Radomir S. Stankovi?

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

Lenhart, S

2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

56

Optimal Decision Making and the Value of Information in a Time-Dependent Version of the Cost-Loss Ratio Situation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A time-dependent version of the cost-loss ratio situation is described and the optimal use and economic value of meteorological information are investigated in this decision-making problem. The time-dependent situation is motivated by a decision ...

Allan H. Murphy; Qian Ye

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Decision of optimal scheduling scheme for gas field pipeline network based on hybrid genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model of optimal scheduling scheme for natural gas pipeline network is established, which takes minimal annual operating cost of compressor stations as objective function after comprehensively considering the resources of gas field, operating ... Keywords: differential evolution algorithm, genetic algorithm, natural gas pipeline network, optimization, scheduling scheme

Wu Liu; Min Li; Yi Liu; Yuan Xu; Xinglan Yang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Toxic chemicals and technological society: decision-making strategies when errors can be catastrophic  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainties about chemical dangers are so great that major errors seem inevitable; long lags before feedback may inhibit learning about errors in time to prevent irreversible, catastrophic consequences; the number of chemicals is enourmous, and sensible action requires esoteric knowledge. How have decision makers reponded to this predicament. It is shown that a diverse repertoire of regulatory procedures gradually evolved, encompassing an increasing number of toxics problems, in piecemeal response to poisoning incidents and other negative feedback. Advance testing strategies designed to eliminate lags between introduction of new chemicals and feedback about their dangers are analyzed. Another new regulatory strategy examined is intended to ease the problem of number by focusing attention on especially dangerous substances. Pesticide policy is analyzed. While costly errors occurred using trial and error, diverse forms of feedback led to substitution of less persistent pesticides and to regulatory processes that set priorities, reduce time lag, and use explicit strategies to mitigate the severity of remaining errors. The process by which chemical threats to the ozone layer were diagnosed and acted upon is examined. The author summarizes the analysis, presents a revised conception of decision making on risky technological issues, evaluates the known health effects from toxic chemicals, and suggests additional policy options. Overall, the research reveals surprisingly sensible strategies for preventing and mitigating potentially catastrophic errors; but implementation obstacles are severe.

Woodhouse, E.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Editorial: Management and decision sciences, challenge and opportunities for control and optimization applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In these pages I intend to illustrate the different components of the area management and decision sciences that I will be in charge of, as an area editor, for the coming years. To do so I will rely mostly on some research topics I know well for having ...

Alain B. Haurie

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Practice Summaries: An Optimization Model to Support Renewable Energy Investment Decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A majority of states in the United States have instituted renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which require electric service providers to meet a portion of their demand using renewable energy resources. These requirements, along with state and federal ... Keywords: decision support systems, energy, energy policies, forecasting, government, information systems, natural resources, suboptimal algorithms

Srinivas Bollapragada; Brandon Owens; Steve Taub

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Social influence on the use of Clinical Decision Support Systems: Revisiting the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology by the fuzzy DEMATEL technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of study is to examine whether social influence affects medical professionals' behavioral intention to use while introducing a new Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS). The series of Technology Acceptance Models (TAMs) have been widely applied ... Keywords: Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS), Fuzzy Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (fuzzy DEMATEL), Social influence, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT)

Don Jyh-Fu Jeng; Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

NETL: Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Control Technology - Optimized Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimized Fuel Injector Design Optimized Fuel Injector Design This project includes fundamental research and engineering development of low NOx burners and reburning fuel injectors. The team of Reaction Engineering International (REI), the University of Utah, Brown University and DB Riley, Inc., will develop fundamental information on low NOx burners. The work has two phases. In the first phase, the University of Utah will examine two-phase mixing and near-field behavior of coal injectors using a 15-million Btu/hr bench-scale furnace, Brown University will examine char deactivation and effectiveness of reburning, and REI will develop a comprehensive burner model using the data produced by the University of Utah and Brown University. In the second phase, an optimized injector design will be tested at the 100-million Btu/hr Riley Coal Burner Test Facility. It is anticipated that this work will provide improved hardware designs and computer simulation models for reduced NOx emissions and minimized carbon loss.

63

Interconnect modeling and optimization in deep sub-micron technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interconnect will be a major bottleneck for deep sub-micron technologies in the years to come. This dissertation addresses the communication aspect from a power consumption and transmission speed perspective. A model for ...

Sotiriadis, Paul Peter P. (Paul Peter Peter-Paul), 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Constructing marketing decision support systems using data diffusion technology: A case study of gas station diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building a decision support system (DSS) using small data sets usually results in uncertain knowledge, likely leading to incorrect decisions and causing a large losses. However, gathering sufficient samples for building a DSS often has significant costs ... Keywords: Back-propagation network, Bayesian network, Decision support system, Diversification, Small data set

Der-Chiang Li; Yao-San Lin; Yu-Cheng Huang

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Geospatial Decision Making System  

The INL has developed a geospatial decision making process to assist agricultural producers in optimizing operating conditions of combine harvesters ...

66

FIELD TESTING & OPTIMIZATION OF CO2/SAND FRACTURING TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

These contract efforts involved the demonstration of a unique liquid free stimulation technology which was, at the beginning of these efforts, in 1993 unavailable in the US. The process had been developed, and patented in Canada in 1981, and held promise for stimulating liquid sensitive reservoirs in the US. The technology differs from that conventionally used in that liquid carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), instead of water is the base fluid. The CO{sub 2} is pumped as a liquid and then vaporizes at reservoir conditions, and because no other liquids or chemicals are used, a liquid free fracture is created. The process requires a specialized closed system blender to mix the liquid CO{sub 2} with proppant under pressure. These efforts were funded to consist of up to 21 cost-shared stimulation events. Because of the vagaries of CO{sub 2} supplies, service company support and operator interest only 19 stimulation events were performed in Montana, New Mexico, and Texas. Final reports have been prepared for each of the four demonstration groups, and the specifics of those demonstrations are summarized. A summary of the demonstrations of a novel liquid-free stimulation process which was performed in four groups of ''Candidate Wells'' situated in Crockett Co., TX; San Juan Co., NM; Phillips Co., MT; and Blaine Co., MT. The stimulation process which employs CO{sub 2} as the working fluid and the production responses were compared with those from wells treated with conventional stimulation technologies, primarily N{sub 2} foam, excepting those in Blaine Co., MT where the reservoir pressure is too low to clean up spent stimulation liquids. A total of 19 liquid-free CO{sub 2}/sand stimulations were performed in 16 wells and the production improvements were generally uneconomic.

Raymond L. Mazza

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

Optimal utilization of field generated analytical data for site characterization and remedial decision making. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study developed data quality standards for assessing environmental analytical data quality and its use in remedial decision making, specifically in risk assessment calculations. The primary purpose was to increase the use of field generated data in environmental site investigations versus the continued reliance on costly and time consuming EPA Contract Lab Program data. Increased reliance on field lab data could significantly reduce remedial investigation costs. The standards developed are based on regulatory criteria for data useability, achievable quality in a CLP lab setting, and basic statistical methods. The standards were applied to sets of Volatile Organic Compound data in water and soil matrices from CLP generated data from one Installation Restoration Program site and field lab generated data from another site. The CLP data failed the test for data useability based on the standards as established where the field generated data performed much better but also had its specific failures. The results of the test of the standards on actual data sets indicate that the standards may be more stringent than necessary. Also seen in the results is a strong performance of field labs in generating data of acceptable quality.

Lester, R.J.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Decision Support for Retirement Portfolio Management: Overcoming Myopic Loss Aversion via Technology Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As firms continue to abandon pensions in favor of employee-managed retirement plans, tremendous demands are being placed on the decision-making proficiency of future retirees. As reflected in the equity premium puzzle, individual investors tend to hold ... Keywords: decision support systems, decisional guidance, equity premium puzzle, field experiment, human-computer interaction, information horizon, myopic loss aversion, retirement planning, system restrictiveness

Clayton Arlen Looney; Andrew M. Hardin

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Immersive VR decision training: telling interactive stories featuring advanced virtual human simulation technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the premise of a synergy between the interactive storytelling and VR training simulation this paper treats the main issues involved in practical realization of an immersive VR decision training system supporting possibly broad spectrum of scenarios ... Keywords: decision training, immersive VR, interactive storytelling, virtual human simulation

Michal Ponder; Bruno Herbelin; Tom Molet; Sebastien Schertenlieb; Branislav Ulicny; George Papagiannakis; Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

General Methodology Combining Engineering Optimization of Primary HVAC and R Plants with Decision Analysis Methods--Part II: Uncertainty and Decision Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A companion paper to Jiang and Reddy that presents a general and computationally efficient methodology for dyanmic scheduling and optimal control of complex primary HVAC&R plants using a deterministic engineering optimization approach.

Jiang, Wei; Reddy, T. A.; Gurian, Patrick

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

71

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The addition of storage technologies such as flow batteries, conventional batteries, and heat storage can improve the economic as well as environmental attractiveness of on-site generation (e.g., PV, fuel cells, reciprocating engines or microturbines operating with or without CHP) and contribute to enhanced demand response. In order to examine the impact of storage technologies on demand response and carbon emissions, a microgrid's distributed energy resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program that has the minimization of annual energy costs as its objective function. By implementing this approach in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS), the problem is solved for a given test year at representative customer sites, such as schools and nursing homes, to obtain not only the level of technology investment, but also the optimal hourly operating schedules. This paper focuses on analysis of storage technologies in DER optimization on a building level, with example applications for commercial buildings. Preliminary analysis indicates that storage technologies respond effectively to time-varying electricity prices, i.e., by charging batteries during periods of low electricity prices and discharging them during peak hours. The results also indicate that storage technologies significantly alter the residual load profile, which can contribute to lower carbon emissions depending on the test site, its load profile, and its adopted DER technologies.

Lacommare, Kristina S H; Stadler, Michael; Aki, Hirohisa; Firestone, Ryan; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The addition of storage technologies such as flow batteries, conventional batteries, and heat storage can improve the economic as well as environmental attractiveness of on-site generation (e.g., PV, fuel cells, reciprocating engines or microturbines operating with or without CHP) and contribute to enhanced demand response. In order to examine the impact of storage technologies on demand response and carbon emissions, a microgrid's distributed energy resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program that has the minimization of annual energy costs as its objective function. By implementing this approach in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS), the problem is solved for a given test year at representative customer sites, such as schools and nursing homes, to obtain not only the level of technology investment, but also the optimal hourly operating schedules. This paper focuses on analysis of storage technologies in DER optimization on a building level, with example applications for commercial buildings. Preliminary analysis indicates that storage technologies respond effectively to time-varying electricity prices, i.e., by charging batteries during periods of low electricity prices and discharging them during peak hours. The results also indicate that storage technologies significantly alter the residual load profile, which can contribute to lower carbon emissions depending on the test site, its load profile, and its adopted DER technologies.

Lacommare, Kristina S H; Stadler, Michael; Aki, Hirohisa; Firestone, Ryan; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Decision analysis for evaluating and ranking small solar thermal power system technologies. Volume I. A brief introduction to multiattribute decision analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Multiattribute decision analysis is a methodology for providing information to a decision maker for comparing and selecting between complex alternatives. A brief introduction to the principal concepts of the Keeney and Raiffa approach to multiattribute decision analysis is presented. The concepts of decision alternatives, outcomes, objectives, attributes and their states, attribute utility functions, and the necessary independence properties for the attribute states to be aggregated into a numerical representation of the preferences of the decision maker for the outcomes and the decision alternatives are presented. 50 references.

Feinberg, A.; Miles, R.F. Jr.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Visualization to Support Human Decision-Making and Other Activities: Technology Demonstrations and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of a research project demonstrating visualization technology and identifying potential applications for the technology in today’s nuclear power generating facilities. The demonstrations provide examples of how visualization technology can enhance the quality of human performance and other activities, resulting in improved nuclear utility operations and performance. The demonstrations also provide an understanding of the capabilities and limitations of visualization technology.

2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

75

Decision support method to apply Additive Manufacturing Technologies for plastic components in the aircraft industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Additive Manufacturing Technologies (AMT) are a collection of manufacturing processes driven by CAD data to produce physical models and parts by means of additive techniques.… (more)

Anderson Vicente Borille

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Optimizing the physical and technological properties of cement additives in concrete mixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the physical and technological properties of phosphogypsum, borogypsum, sludges and reactor residue recovered from boric acid factor, lignite ashes, and steel making slags samples were investigated. Physical test results obtained from these cement additives were studied with comparison to the control mix. The optimal values of cementitious additives are replacement of cement and/or of replacement of natural aggregates were conducted.

Demirbas, A. [Technical Univ. of Black Sea, Akcaabat-Trabzon (Turkey). Educational Faculty] [Technical Univ. of Black Sea, Akcaabat-Trabzon (Turkey). Educational Faculty

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Analysing alternatives for information technology outsourcing decision: an analytic network process approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information Technology (IT) outsourcing has become one of the strategies adopted by businesses to manage the information needs of the organisation. The most important reason for IT outsourcing is the organisations' focus on their core competence ... Keywords: ANP, analytical network process, information technology, outsourcing

Mohd Nishat Faisal; D. K. Banwet

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Technology and architecture : informing investment decisions for the future of human space exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's detailed programmatic goals, system architectures, and mission designs for future human spaceflight beyond Earth orbit remain unspecified. Given this uncertainty, it is not clear exactly which technologies are ...

Battat, Jonathan Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Information technology and business transformation : work location and the allocation of decision rights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) as well, firms have an incentive to require coordinated investments in technology across the enterprise. Still, research in IS has also highlighted the fact that the productivity of computer investments is highly ...

Fitoussi, David, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Design Support for Tooling Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High pressure die casting is an intrinsically efficient net shape process and improvements in energy efficiency are strongly dependent on design and process improvements that reduce scrap rates so that more of the total consumed energy goes into acceptable, usable castings. Computer simulation has become widely used within the industry but use is not universal. Further, many key design decisions must be made before the simulation can be run and expense in terms of money and time often limits the number of decision iterations that can be explored. This work continues several years of work creating simple, very fast, design tools that can assist with the early stage design decisions so that the benefits of simulation can be maximized and, more importantly, so that the chances of first shot success are maximized. First shot success and better running processes contributes to less scrap and significantly better energy utilization by the process. This new technology was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 1.83 trillion BTUs/year over a 10 year period. Current (2011) annual energy saving estimates over a ten year period, based on commercial introduction in 2012, a market penetration of 30% by 2015 is 1.89 trillion BTUs/year by 2022. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the metal which will be saved as a result of this technology. The average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year through 2022 is 0.037 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Equivalent (MM TCE).

Wang, Dongtao

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Thai decision makers in the United States: attitudes toward technology transfer in a newly industrializing country  

SciTech Connect

The problem of the study was to determine the attitudes of Thai policy makers toward technology transfer into newly industrializing countries such as Thailand. These opinions were considered crucial in determining the direction of industrialization of the country. The study was conducted with a sample of Thai government administrators and business leaders employed in the State of California. Analysis consisted of an item by item comparison of responses and of a ranking of suitable types of technology for Thailand. The study attempted to ascertain attitudes and to determine any similarities and differences between the responses of the two groups. The study concerned itself with three broad questions: (1) do Thai government administrators agree with one another about technology transfer; (2) do Thai business leaders agree with one another; and (3) how do the attitudes of government administrators and business leaders compare. The findings indicated that no appreciable differences could be measured among the government administrators in technology transfer issues. Similarly, business respondents also strongly agreed with one another regarding aspects of technology transfer. Lastly, there was no real difference between the attitudes of business leaders and government administrators.

Suriyakumpol, C.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Forecasting the Market Penetration of Energy Conservation Technologies: The Decision Criteria for Choosing a Forecasting Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important determinant of our energy future is the rate at which energy conservation technologies, once developed, are put into use. At Synergic Resources Corporation, we have adapted and applied a methodology to forecast the use of conservation technologies. This paper briefly discusses the observed patterns of the diffusion of new' technologies and the determinants (both sociological and economic) which have been proposed to explain the variation in the diffusion rates. Existing market penetration models are reviewed and their capability to forecast the use of conservation technologies is assessed using a set of criteria developed for this purpose. The reasoning behind the choice of criteria is discussed. The criteria includes the range of hypothesized influences to market penetration that are incorporated into the models and the applicability of the available parameter estimates. The attributes of our methodology and forecasting model choice (a behavioral lag equation developed by Mathtech, Inc.), are displayed using a list of the judgment criteria. This method was used to forecast the use of electricity conservation technologies in industries located in the Pacific Northwest for the Bonneville Power Administration.

Lang, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Framework combining static optimization, dynamic scheduling and decision analysis applicable to complex primary HVAC&R systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary objective of this work is to propose a general and computationally efficient methodology for dynamic scheduling and optimal control of primary HVAC&R systems… (more)

Jiang, Wei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Program on Technology Innovation: Utility-Connected Algae Systems--Analysis and Decision Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utility power plants have supplies of CO2, impaired water, and low-grade heat that are useful inputs for growth of microalgae (algae), which itself can be biomass feedstock for the production of fuels and chemicals. Because modern algae cultivation requires a source of CO2, growing algal biomass is thus a potential scenario for lowering net power plant CO2 emissions. At present, microalgal growth is still an unproven technology on a large scale for any purpose other than creating specialty neutr...

2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

85

EV Charging Through Wireless Power Transfer: Analysis of Efficiency Optimization and Technology Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is aimed at reviewing the technology trends for wireless power transfer (WPT) for electric vehicles (EV). It also analyzes the factors affecting its efficiency and describes the techniques currently used for its optimization. The review of the technology trends encompasses both stationary and moving vehicle charging systems. The study of the stationary vehicle charging technology is based on current implementations and on-going developments at WiTricity and Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). The moving vehicle charging technology is primarily described through the results achieved by the Korean Advanced Institute of Technology (KAIST) along with on-going efforts at Stanford University. The factors affecting the efficiency are determined through the analysis of the equivalent circuit of magnetic resonant coupling. The air gap between both transmitting and receiving coils along with the magnetic field distribution and the relative impedance mismatch between the related circuits are the primary factors affecting the WPT efficiency. Currently the industry is looking at an air gap of 25 cm or below. To control the magnetic field distribution, Kaist has recently developed the Shaped Magnetic Field In Resonance (SMFIR) technology that uses conveniently shaped ferrite material to provide low reluctance path. The efficiency can be further increased by means of impedance matching. As a result, Delphi's implementation of the WiTricity's technology exhibits a WPT efficiency above 90% for stationary charging while KAIST has demonstrated a maximum efficiency of 83% for moving vehicle with its On Line Vehicle (OLEV) project. This study is restricted to near-field applications (short and mid-range) and does not address long-range technology such as microwave power transfer that has low efficiency as it is based on radiating electromagnetic waves. This paper exemplifies Delphi's work in powertrain electrification as part of its innovation for the real world program geared toward a safer, greener and more connected driving. Moreover, it draws from and adds to Dr. Andrew Brown Jr.'s SAE books 'Active Safety and the Mobility Industry', 'Connectivity and Mobility Industry', and 'Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry'. Magnetic resonant coupling is the foundation of modern wireless power transfer. Its efficiency can be controlled through impedance matching and magnetic field shaping. Current implementations use one or both of these control methods and enable both stationary and mobile charging with typical efficiency within the 80% and 90% range for an air gap up to 25 cm.

Miller, John M [ORNL; Rakouth, Heri [Delphi Automotive Systems, USA; Suh, In-Soo [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Bayesian decision analysis in determining the optimal policy for pricing, production, and warranty of repairable products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A successful industry strategy should be managed to integrate the decisions, such as pricing, production, and customer services, in order to maximize profits. In fact, some research has been carried out to cope with the multiple considerations for the ... Keywords: Bayesian analysis, Deterioration, Mathematical programming, Non-homogeneous Poisson process, Warranty policy

Chih-Chiang Fang; Yeu-Shiang Huang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids inCommercial Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The deployment of small (<1-2 MW) clusters of generators,heat and electrical storage, efficiency investments, and combined heatand power (CHP) applications (particularly involving heat activatedcooling) in commercial buildings promises significant benefits but posesmany technical and financial challenges, both in system choice and itsoperation; if successful, such systems may be precursors to widespreadmicrogrid deployment. The presented optimization approach to choosingsuch systems and their operating schedules uses Berkeley Lab'sDistributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model [DER-CAM], extendedto incorporate electrical storage options. DER-CAM chooses annual energybill minimizing systems in a fully technology-neutral manner. Anillustrative example for a San Francisco hotel is reported. The chosensystem includes two engines and an absorption chiller, providing anestimated 11 percent cost savings and 10 percent carbon emissionreductions, under idealized circumstances.

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui,Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Integration of Low Energy Technologies for Optimal Building and Space Conditioning Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

EnergyPlus is the DOE's newest building energy simulation engine. It was developed specifically to support the design of low energy building systems. This project focused on developing new low energy building simulation models for EnergyPlus, verifying and validating new and existing EnergyPlus models and transferring the new technology to the private sector. The project focused primarily on geothermal and radiant technologies, which are related by the fact that both are based on hydronic system design. As a result of this project eight peer reviewed journal and conference papers were added to the archival literature and five technical reports were published as M.S. theses and are available in the archival literature. In addition, several reports, including a trombe wall validation report were written for web publication. Thirteen new or significantly enhanced modules were added to the EnergyPlus source code and forty-two new or significantly enhanced sections were added to the EnergyPlus documentation as a result of this work. A low energy design guide was also developed as a pedagogical tool and is available for web publication. Finally several tools including a hybrid ground source heat pump optimization program and a geothermal heat pump parameter estimation tool were developed for research and design and are available for web publication.

D.E. Fisher

2006-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 75 Optimal Pulse Shaping for Plasma Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and control of next generation plasma process reactors must be explored. Standard operation of plasma reactors describes the bulk plasma region of a pure argon inductively coupled reactor and is developed using a zeroIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 75 Optimal Pulse

Raja, Laxminarayan L.

90

Enabling effective product launch decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

Akamphon, Sappinandana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Reverse Osmosis Optimization  

SciTech Connect

This technology evaluation was prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). ¬The technology evaluation assesses techniques for optimizing reverse osmosis (RO) systems to increase RO system performance and water efficiency. This evaluation provides a general description of RO systems, the influence of RO systems on water use, and key areas where RO systems can be optimized to reduce water and energy consumption. The evaluation is intended to help facility managers at Federal sites understand the basic concepts of the RO process and system optimization options, enabling them to make informed decisions during the system design process for either new projects or recommissioning of existing equipment. This evaluation is focused on commercial-sized RO systems generally treating more than 80 gallons per hour.¬

McMordie-Stoughton, Katherine L.; Duan, Xiaoli; Wendel, Emily M.

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

92

System modeling, analysis, and optimization methodology for diesel exhaust after-treatment technologies; Diesel exhaust after-treatment technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Developing new aftertreatment technologies to meet emission regulations for diesel engines is a growing problem for many automotive companies and suppliers. Balancing manufacturing cost, meeting… (more)

Graff, Christopher Dominic

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Warning Decision Making: The Relative Roles of Conceptual Models, Technology, Strategy, and Forecaster Expertise on 3 May 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines concepts related to warning decision making for the 3 May 1999 tornado outbreak in central Oklahoma. Sixty-six tornadoes occurred during this outbreak, with 58 occurring in the Norman, Oklahoma, National Weather Service ...

David L. Andra Jr.; Elizabeth M. Quoetone; William F. Bunting

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. However, a part of the battery capacity is replaced bycapacity close to the optimal could be acquired, e.g. battery

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A probabilistic reasoning-based decision support system for selection of remediation technologies for petroleum-contaminated sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selection of remediation technologies for petroleum-contaminated sites is difficult given the large number of technologies available and inherent uncertainties involved in the selection process. In this paper, we explore the use of an inexact algorithm ... Keywords: Petroleum contamination, Probabilistic reasoning, Remediation technologies

L. He; C. W. Chan; G. H. Huang; G. M. Zeng

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Upscaling the process for the collection, analysis, and delivery of information about emerging or existing technologies for enhanced decision making.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Standardized technology intelligence products nowadays have come within reach of almost any interested organization. The question remains how this can be applied on a large… (more)

Wilbers, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be acquired. Battery storage costs are roughly consistentcosts ($/kW or $/kWh) lifetime (a) thermal storage 15 flow batterycosts, carbon emissions, or other objectives, and delivers optimal schedules. Recently, electrical (conventional lead/acid battery) and

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

A human factors engineering approach to biomedical decision making: A new role for automatic target recognizer technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the key features noted as requirements in the diagnostic decision-making process of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) cardiac imaging. The report discusses the critical issues that create the basic system framework for design of an automatic target recognizer (ATR) algorithm prototype to support diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Candidate feature discovery algorithms that may form the basis of future work include Adaptive Resonance Theory and Bayesian Decision Network. A framework for the practitioner-Human-System-Interface would include baseline patient history and demographic data; reference cardiac imagery history; and current overlay imagery to provide complementary information (i.e., coronary angiography, echocardiography, and SPECT images). The goal is to design a prototype that would represent a fused present and historical {open_quotes}whole{close_quotes} functional, structural, and physiologic cardiac patient model. This framework decision-assisting platform would be available to practitioner and student alike, with no {open_quotes}real-world{close_quotes} consequences.

Sobel, A.L.; Stalker, K.T.; Yee, A.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Multi-objective design and optimization of district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the present context of finding ways to decrease CO2 emissions linked with human activity, district energy systems including polygeneration energy conversion technologies are likely… (more)

Weber, Céline Isabelle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

System modeling, analysis, and optimization methodology for diesel exhaust after-treatment technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing new aftertreatment technologies to meet emission regulations for diesel engines is a growing problem for many automotive companies and suppliers. Balancing manufacturing cost, meeting emission performance, ...

Graff, Christopher Dominic

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Decisions decisions plant vessels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes concepts for a family of plant vessels that help users make decisions or reach goals. The concepts use plants to mark time or answer questions for the user, creating a connection between the user and the individual plant. These concepts ...

Jenny Liang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Optimization Online Digest -- December 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Security Framework for Smart Metering with Multiple Data Consumers Cristina Rottondi, Giacomo Verticale, Antonio Capone Optimizing Trading Decisions for ...

103

Integrated method to create optimal dynamic strategic plans for corporate technology start-ups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents an innovative method for evaluating and dynamically planning the development of uncertain technology investments. Its crux centers on a paradigm shift in the way managers assess investments, toward an ...

Mikati, Samir Omar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Barriers to the adoption and optimal use of savings and health technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies Kenyan households' use of savings accounts and malaria testing and treatment technologies. The first chapter studies whether or not married couples use savings accounts strategically. In the absence of ...

Schaner, Simone Gabrielle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Technology selection and architecture optimization of in-situ resource utilization systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses an approach to exploring the conceptual design space of large-scale, complex electromechanical systems that are technologically immature. A modeling framework that addresses the fluctuating architectural ...

Chepko, Ariane (Ariane Brooke)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces students to the basic tools in using data to make informed management decisions. Covers introductory probability, decision analysis, basic statistics, regression, simulation, linear and nonlinear optimization, ...

Freund, Robert Michael

107

Decision Summaries  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals oha/decision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 http://energy.gov/oha/articles/summary-decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014 decisions-december-30-2013-january-3-2014" class="title-link">Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014

108

Modeling, Optimization and Power Efficiency Comparison of High-speed Inter-chip Electrical and Optical Interconnect Architectures in Nanometer CMOS Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inter-chip input-output (I/O) communication bandwidth demand, which rapidly scaled with integrated circuit scaling, has leveraged equalization techniques to operate reliably on band-limited channels at additional power and area complexity. High-bandwidth inter-chip optical interconnect architectures have the potential to address this increasing I/O bandwidth. Considering future tera-scale systems, power dissipation of the high-speed I/O link becomes a significant concern. This work presents a design flow for the power optimization and comparison of high-speed electrical and optical links at a given data rate and channel type in 90 nm and 45 nm CMOS technologies. The electrical I/O design framework combines statistical link analysis techniques, which are used to determine the link margins at a given bit-error rate (BER), with circuit power estimates based on normalized transistor parameters extracted with a constant current density methodology to predict the power-optimum equalization architecture, circuit style, and transmit swing at a given data rate and process node for three different channels. The transmitter output swing is scaled to operate the link at optimal power efficiency. Under consideration for optical links are a near-term architecture consisting of discrete vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL) with p-i-n photodetectors (PD) and three long-term integrated photonic architectures that use waveguide metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetectors and either electro-absorption modulator (EAM), ring resonator modulator (RRM), or Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) sources. The normalized transistor parameters are applied to jointly optimize the transmitter and receiver circuitry to minimize total optical link power dissipation for a specified data rate and process technology at a given BER. Analysis results shows that low loss channel characteristics and minimal circuit complexity, together with scaling of transmitter output swing, allows electrical links to achieve excellent power efficiency at high data rates. While the high-loss channel is primarily limited by severe frequency dependent losses to 12 Gb/s, the critical timing path of the first tap of the decision feedback equalizer (DFE) limits the operation of low-loss channels above 20 Gb/s. Among the optical links, the VCSEL-based link is limited by its bandwidth and maximum power levels to a data rate of 24 Gb/s whereas EAM and RRM are both attractive integrated photonic technologies capable of scaling data rates past 30 Gb/s achieving excellent power efficiency in the 45 nm node and are primarily limited by coupling and device insertion losses. While MZM offers robust operation due to its wide optical bandwidth, significant improvements in power efficiency must be achieved to become applicable for high density applications.

Palaniappan, Arun

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Pinch Technology/Process Optimization: Volume 4: Case Study--Abbott Laboratories, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study at a pharmaceuticals manufacturing facility operated by Abbott Laboratories identified specific projects to reduce thermal energy requirements by 30% in the three buildings examined. The study, using advanced process analysis techniques known as `pinch technology,` found cost-effective applications for process heat recovery, heat pumping, refrigeration system improvements, process modification, and adjustable-speed drives.

1998-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

110

Nonconvex robust optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel robust optimization technique, which is applicable to nonconvex and simulation-based problems. Robust optimization finds decisions with the best worst-case performance under uncertainty. If constraints ...

Teo, Kwong Meng

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Pinch Technology/Process Optimization: Volume 3: Case Study--Port Townsend Paper Corp.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sitewide study of a Kraft pulp and paper mill operated by Port Townsend Paper Corp. identified projects to reduce energy costs by $1.0 million annually while accommodating a 30% increase in plant capacity. The study, using advanced process analysis techniques known as `pinch technology,` found cost-effective applications for improved evaporator integration and enhanced process heat recovery. Payback would be less than two years.

1998-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

112

Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy has launched the Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE) Commercial Building Initiative (CBI) in order to develop commercial buildings that produce as much energy as they use. Its objective is to make these buildings marketable by 2025 such that they minimize their energy use through cutting-edge energy-efficient technologies and meet their remaining energy needs through on-site renewable energy generation. We examine how such buildings may be implemented within the context of a cost- or carbon-minimizing microgrid that is able to adopt and operate various technologies, such as photovoltaic (PV) on-site generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and passive / demand-response technologies. We use a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that has a multi-criteria objective function: the minimization of a weighted average of the building's annual energy costs and carbon / CO2 emissions. The MILP's constraints ensure energy balance and capacity limits. In addition, constraining the building's energy consumed to equal its energy exports enables us to explore how energy sales and demand-response measures may enable compliance with the CBI. Using a nursing home in northern California and New York with existing tariff rates and technology data, we find that a ZNE building requires ample PV capacity installed to ensure electricity sales during the day. This is complemented by investment in energy-efficient combined heat and power equipment, while occasional demand response shaves energy consumption. A large amount of storage is also adopted, which may be impractical. Nevertheless, it shows the nature of the solutions and costs necessary to achieve ZNE. For comparison, we analyze a nursing home facility in New York to examine the effects of a flatter tariff structure and different load profiles. It has trouble reaching ZNE status and its load reductions as well as efficiency measures need to be more effective than those in the CA case. Finally, we illustrate that the multi-criteria frontier that considers costs and carbon emissions in the presence of demand response dominates the one without it.

Stadler , Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; ,, Hirohisa Aki; Lai, Judy

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Optimizing Technology to Reduce Mercury and Acid Gas Emissions from Electric Power Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

County-average hydrogen values are calculated for the part 2, 1999 Information Collection Request (ICR) coal-quality data, published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. These data are used together with estimated, county-average moisture values to calculate average net heating values for coal produced in U.S. counties. Finally, 10 draft maps of the contiguous U.S. showing the potential uncontrolled sulfur, chlorine and mercury emissions of coal by U.S. county-of-origin, as well as expected mercury emissions calculated for existing emission control technologies, are presented and discussed.

Jeffrey C. Quick; David E. Tabet; Sharon Wakefield; Roger L. Bon

2004-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Decision-Theoretic Troubleshooting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we develop a diagnostic procedure that not only seeks to identify the most likely causes of a malfunction, but also generates a plan of action for repair. This plan consists of repairing or replacing individual components of a composite device or system, as well as making observations or tests. We and others call this process troubleshooting [3]. Optimal Troubleshooting and Decision Trees

David Heckerman; John S. Breese; Koos Rommelse

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Online decision making and automatic decision model adaptation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper investigates an online version of the vehicle routing problem with time windows, in which additionally arriving requests cause the revision of so far followed routes and schedules. An extended online optimization framework is proposed, which ... Keywords: Adaptation, Dynamic decision problem, Online optimization, Supply chain, Transportation, Vehicle routing

Jörn Schönberger; Herbert Kopfer

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

OPTIMIZING TECHNOLOGY TO REDUCE MERCURY AND ACID GAS EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Maps showing potential mercury, sulfur, chlorine, and moisture emissions for U.S. coal by county of origin were made from publicly available data (plates 1, 2, 3, and 4). Published equations that predict mercury capture by emission control technologies used at U.S. coal-fired utilities were applied to average coal quality values for 169 U.S. counties. The results were used to create five maps that show the influence of coal origin on mercury emissions from utility units with: (1) hot-side electrostatic precipitator (hESP), (2) cold-side electrostatic precipitator (cESP), (3) hot-side electrostatic precipitator with wet flue gas desulfurization (hESP/FGD), (4) cold-side electrostatic precipitator with wet flue gas desulfurization (cESP/FGD), and (5) spray-dry adsorption with fabric filter (SDA/FF) emission controls (plates 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9). Net (lower) coal heating values were calculated from measured coal Btu values, and estimated coal moisture and hydrogen values; the net heating values were used to derive mercury emission rates on an electric output basis (plate 10). Results indicate that selection of low-mercury coal is a good mercury control option for plants having hESP, cESP, or hESP/FGD emission controls. Chlorine content is more important for plants having cESP/FGD or SDA/FF controls; optimum mercury capture is indicated where chlorine is between 500 and 1000 ppm. Selection of low-sulfur coal should improve mercury capture where carbon in fly ash is used to reduce mercury emissions. Comparison of in-ground coal quality with the quality of commercially mined coal indicates that existing coal mining and coal washing practice results in a 25% reduction of mercury in U.S. coal before it is delivered to the power plant. Further pre-combustion mercury reductions may be possible, especially for coal from Texas, Ohio, parts of Pennsylvania and much of the western U.S.

Jeffrey C. Quick; David E. Tabet; Sharon Wakefield; Roger L. Bon

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Design Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty - A Bayesian Optimal Decision Framework Speaker(s): Jose M. Ortega Date: October 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90...

118

Technologies  

Technologies Materials. Aggregate Spray for Air Particulate; Actuators Made From Nanoporous Materials; Ceramic Filters; Energy Absorbing Material; Diode Arrays for ...

119

Technologies  

Technologies Energy. Advanced Carbon Aerogels for Energy Applications; Distributed Automated Demand Response; Electrostatic Generator/Motor; Modular Electromechanical ...

120

Technologies  

Technologies Energy, Utilities, & Power Systems. Advanced Carbon Aerogels for Energy Applications; Distributed Automated Demand Response; Electrostatic Generator/Motor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Technologies  

Technologies Research Tools. Cell-Free Assembly of NanoLipoprotein Particles; Chemical Prism; Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array (LLMDA) ...

122

Technologies  

Science & Technology. Weapons & Complex Integration. News Center. News Center. Around the Lab. Contacts. For Reporters. Livermore Lab Report. ...

123

Human Performance Optimization: Emerging Management Issues and Artificial Intelligence Methods: Volume 4: Supporting Group Decision Making and Team Operations with Artificial Intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human performance optimization is critical to all aspects of the energy enterprise. This four-volume report presents findings from a review of the human performance challenges and opportunities created by the changing nature of the energy industry, its workforce, and its work environments.

2001-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

124

Technologies  

High Performance Computing (HPC) Technologies; Industrial Partnerships Office P.O. Box 808, L-795 Livermore, CA 94551 Phone: (925) 422-6416 Fax: (925) ...

125

DS-0001 Deputy Secretary Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RONALD A. SORRI, Complainant v. L&M TECHNOLOGIES INC. AND SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES, Respondents. OHA Case No. LWA-0001 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER On December 16, 1993, the Office...

126

Framing bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelineFraming bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelines  

SciTech Connect

Framing remediation decision making as negotiation: (1) social choice, not technology choice; (2) prompts decision makers to identify interested and affected parties, anticipate objections, effectively address and ameliorate objections, and avoid unacceptable decisions.

Bjornstad, David J.; Wolfe, Amy K.

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

127

Technolog  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research in Research in Science and Technolog y Sandia pushes frontiers of knowledge to meet the nation's needs, today and tomorrow Sandia National Laboratories' fundamental science and technology research leads to greater understanding of how and why things work and is intrinsic to technological advances. Basic research that challenges scientific assumptions enables the nation to push scientific boundaries. Innovations and breakthroughs produced at Sandia allow it to tackle critical issues, from maintaining the safety, security and effectiveness of the nation's nuclear weapons and preventing domestic and interna- tional terrorism to finding innovative clean energy solutions, develop- ing cutting-edge nanotechnology and moving the latest advances to the marketplace. Sandia's expertise includes:

128

Explanation of Significant Differences for the Record of Decision for Interim Actions in Zone 1, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zone 1 is a 1400-acre area outside the fence of the main plant at The East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The Record of Decision for Interim Actions in Zone, ETTP (Zone 1 Interim ROD) (DOE 2002) identifies the remedial actions for contaminated soil, buried waste, and subsurface infrastructure necessary to protect human health and to limit further contamination of groundwater. Since the Zone 1 Interim Record of Decision (ROD) was signed, new information has been obtained that requires the remedy to be modified as follows: (1) Change the end use in Contractor's Spoil Area (CSA) from unrestricted industrial to recreational; (2) Remove Exposure Units (EU5) ZI-50, 51, and 52 from the scope of the Zone I Interim ROD; (3) Change the end use of the duct bank corridor from unrestricted industrial to restricted industrial; and (4) Remove restriction for the disturbance of soils below 10 feet in Exposure Unit (EU) Z1-04. In accordance with 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 300.435, these scope modifications are a 'significant' change to the Zone 1 Interim ROD. In accordance with CERCLA Sect. 117 (c) and 40 CFR 300.435 (c)(2)(i), such a significant change is documented with an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD). The purpose of this ESD is to make the changes listed above. This ESD is part of the Administrative Record file, and it, and other information supporting the selected remedy, can be found at the DOE Information Center, 475 Oak Ridge Turnpike, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. The ORR is located in Roane and Anderson counties, within and adjacent to the corporate city limits of Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ETTP is located in Roane County near the northwest corner of the ORR. ETTP began operation during World War II as part of the Manhattan Project. The original mission of ETTP was to produce enriched uranium for use in atomic weapons. The plant produced enriched uranium from 1945 until 1985. Uranium production was terminated in 1987. ORR was placed on the National Priorities List in 1989, so remediation activities are conducted under CERCLA. The primary contaminants of concern at ETTP follow: (1) In groundwater - volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at multiple locations (trichloroethene is generally the most prevalent compound); (2) In sediment - inorganic elements, radionuclides, and polychlorinated biphenyls; (3) In soil - inorganic elements, radionuclides, semivolatile organic compounds (particularly the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), and VOCs; and (4) In facilities - radionuclides and polychlorinated biphenyls (abandoned facilities also pose a safety and health hazard to workers.) The purposes of the remedial actions selected in the Zone 1 Interim ROD are to allow unrestricted industrial use down to 10 feet and to remediate potential sources of groundwater contamination. Following is a summary of the major components of the Zone 1 Interim ROD remedy: (1) Excavation of the Blair Quarry burial area and associated contaminated soil; (2) Excavation of miscellaneous contaminated soil in the K-895 Cylinder Destruct Facility area and in the Powerhouse Area; (3) Removal of sludge and demolition of the K-710 sludge beds and Imhoff tanks; (4) Implementation of land use controls (LUCs); and (5) Characterization of soil and remediation of areas that exceed remediation levels.

Bechtel Jacobs

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Computers and the internet play an increasingly larger role in the lives of students. In this activity, students must use various web sites to locate specific pieces of...

130

FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FEMP/NTDP Technology Focus New Technology Demonstration Program Technology Focus FEMPFederal Energy their decision making process relative to energy management systems design, specification, procurement. Future topics will concentrate on more practical aspects including applications software, product

131

Ready to implement CIM Monolith Technology Order our CIM Disk Virus Purification Pack and identify the optimal chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ready to implement CIM® Monolith Technology Order our CIM® Disk Virus Purification Pack. Request a CIM® Technology Seminar? To educate your entire organization about CIM® Technology and its- on with the performance or use of CIM®. For more information on our products, visit our home page at: http

Lebendiker, Mario

132

Optimizing Hydronic System Performance in Residential Applications, Ithaca, New York (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optimizing Hydronic Optimizing Hydronic System Performance in Residential Applications Ithaca, New York PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Condensing Boiler Optimization Location: Ithaca, NY Partners: Ithaca Neighborhood Housing Services, www.ithacanhs.org; Appropriate Designs, www.hydronicpros.com; HTP, www.htproducts.com; Peerless, www.peerlessboilers.com; Grundfos, us.grundfos.com; Bell & Gossett, www.bell-gossett.com; Emerson Swan, www.emersonswan.com. Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, www.carb-swa.com Building Component: Space heating, water heating Application: New; single and multifamily Year Tested: 2012-2013 Applicable Climate Zone(s): 4,5,6,7 PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of Energy Efficiency Measure (including labor): $6,100-$8,200 Projected Energy Savings:

133

Program on Technology Innovation: An Investigation of the Stability Region Concept Applied to Stability-Constrained Optimal Power Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the formulation of optimal power flow with linear dynamic stability constraints. Intensive off-line dynamic simulations were performed to capture the system instability separation modes corresponding to system disturbances and to further derive the linear coefficients for each hyperplane. Optimal power flows with and without the dynamic stability region constraints were computed, and dynamic simulations based on two sets of power flow solutions were performed. Comparison of the two s...

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

Methodology for Fleet Deployment Decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can apply a rigorous, optimized methodology for creating deployment plans for their fossil power plants. These deployment plans maximize corporate-wide value under various business environments. Case studies at Consolidated Edison of New York and Central Illinois Public Service Company (CIPS) refined the approach and confirmed its merit for evaluating fleet deployment decisions.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 14, 2006 ... Optimization Online. Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled Material Flows. I-Hsuan Hong (ihong ***at*** ...

136

Rehabilitating and Upgrading Hydropower Plants: A Hydropower Technology Round-Up Report, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Owners of aging hydropower plants are confronted with an array of project and technology options for rehabilitating or upgrading their facilities and are making large capital investment decisions at a time of increasing competitive pressures. Ensuring that investments in plant are optimal requires a thorough understanding of the technologies, approaches and strategies available for rehab and upgrading -- as well as the risks associated with these projects. This volume of EPRI's Hydropower Technology Roun...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

Decision Applications: D, Decision Applications: LANL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decision Applications Division Systems Engineering and Integration, D-3 Energy and Infrastructure Analysis, D-4 Nuclear Design and Risk Analysis, D-5 Risk Analysis and Decision...

138

Energy optimization of Application-Specific Instruction-Set Processors by using hardware accelerators in semicustom ICs technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing complexity of applications with a decreasing time-to-market requirement has created a strong interest in both high-performance and flexible embedded processors with a strong consideration for battery life. Low-power optimizations are therefore ... Keywords: Application-Specific Instruction-Set Processors (ASIPs), Architecture Description Languages (ADLs), Cell-based IC (CBIC), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), Language for Instruction Set Architecture (LISA), Wavelets

Uwe Meyer-Baese; Guillermo Botella; Soumak Mookherjee; Encarnación Castillo; Antonio García

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Manufacturing technology selection: a supply chain perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes a technology selection framework for manufacturing technology selection. Technology selection has been identified as a major area of decision making in a… (more)

Farooq, Sami

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Optimizing Low Temperature Diesel Combustion (LTC-D) "FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Solicitation for University Research and Graduate Automotice Technology Education (GATE) Centers of Excellence"  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As described in the final report (December 2008), outcomes from the research included providing guidelines to the engine and energy industries for achieving optimal low temperature combustion operation through using advanced fuel injection strategies, and the potential to extend low temperature operation through manipulation of fuel characteristics. In addition, recommendations were made for improved combustion chamber geometries that are matched to injection sprays and that minimize wall fuel films. The role of fuel-air mixing, fuel characteristics, fuel spray/wall impingement and heat transfer on LTC-D engine control were revealed. Methods were proposed for transient engine operation during load and speed changes to extend LTC-D engine operating limits, power density and fuel economy. Low emissions engine design concepts were proposed and evaluated.

Rolf Reitz; P. Farrell; D. Foster; J. Ghandhi; C. Rutland; S. Sanders

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A decision support system for green data centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a decision support system for green computing in data centers on campuses. Green computing aims at the development of technologies for a greener and more sustainable planet. In this work we focus on the greening of data centers ... Keywords: data centers, decision support systems, decision trees, green information technology

Michael J. Pawlish; Aparna S. Varde

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy has launched the commercial building initiative (CBI) in pursuit of its research goal of achieving zero-net-energy commercial buildings (ZNEB), i.e. ones that produce as much energy as they use. Its objective is to make these buildings marketable by 2025 such that they minimize their energy use through cutting-edge, energy-efficiency technologies and meet their remaining energy needs through on-site renewable energy generation. This paper examines how such buildings may be implemented within the context of a cost- or CO2-minimizing microgrid that is able to adopt and operate various technologies: photovoltaic modules (PV) and other on-site generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and passive/demand-response technologies. A mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that has a multi-criteria objective function is used. The objective is minimization of a weighted average of the building's annual energy costs and CO2 emissions. The MILP's constraints ensure energy balance and capacity limits. In addition, constraining the building's energy consumed to equal its energy exports enables us to explore how energy sales and demand-response measures may enable compliance with the ZNEB objective. Using a commercial test site in northernCalifornia with existing tariff rates and technology data, we find that a ZNEB requires ample PV capacity installed to ensure electricity sales during the day. This is complemented by investment in energy-efficient combined heat and power (CHP) equipment, while occasional demand response shaves energy consumption. A large amount of storage is also adopted, which may be impractical. Nevertheless, it shows the nature of the solutions and costs necessary to achieve a ZNEB. Additionally, the ZNEB approach does not necessary lead to zero-carbon (ZC) buildings as is frequently argued. We also show a multi-objective frontier for the CA example, whichallows us to estimate the needed technologies and costs for achieving a ZC building or microgrid.

Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Aki, Hirohisa; Lai, Judy

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

143

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 18, 1999 February 18, 1999 EIS-0277: Record of Decision Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (February 1999) January 4, 1999 EIS-0183: Record of Decision Power Subscription Strategy (January 1999) December 1, 1998 EIS-0277: Record of Decision Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (December 1998) September 16, 1998 EIS-0255: Record of Decision Execution of Agreements to Install Additional Wind Turbines at the Wyoming Windpower Plant August 5, 1998 EIS-0200: Record of Decision (August 1998) Department of Energy's Waste Management Program: Treatment of Non-wastewater Hazardous Waste (August 1998) January 28, 1998 EIS-0268: Record of Decision

144

Robust and Stochastically Weighted Multiobjective Optimization Models and Reformulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce and study a family of models for multiexpert multiobjective/criteria decision making. These models use a concept of weight robustness to generate a risk-averse decision. In particular, the multiexpert multicriteria robust weighted sum approach ... Keywords: McRow, Pareto optimality, multicriterion optimization, multiexpert optimization, robust optimization, weighted sum method

Jian Hu; Sanjay Mehrotra

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

DOE Project: Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies "University Research in Advanced Combustion and Emissions Control" Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the present technology development was to increase the efficiency of internal combustion engines while minimizing the energy penalty of meeting emissions regulations. This objective was achieved through experimentation and the development of advanced combustion regimes and emission control strategies, coupled with advanced petroleum and non-petroleum fuel formulations. To meet the goals of the project, it was necessary to improve the efficiency of expansion work extraction, and this required optimized combustion phasing and minimized in-cylinder heat transfer losses. To minimize fuel used for diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration, soot emissions were also minimized. Because of the complex nature of optimizing production engines for real-world variations in fuels, temperatures and pressures, the project applied high-fidelity computing and high-resolution engine experiments synergistically to create and apply advanced tools (i.e., fast, accurate predictive models) developed for low-emission, fuel-efficient engine designs. The companion experiments were conducted using representative single- and multi-cylinder automotive and truck diesel engines.

Reitz, Rolf; Foster, D.; Ghandhi, J.; Rothamer, D.; Rutland, C.; Sanders, S.; Trujillo, M.

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

146

Selected Research Issues in Decision Support Databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flurry of buzzwords awaits anyone investigating database technology for decision support: data warehouse, multidimensional and dimensional database, on-line analytical processing, star schema, slicing, dicing, drill-down and roll-up. We introduce ... Keywords: data warehouse, databases, decision-support, dimensional, multidimensional

David Maier; Mary Edie Meredith; Leonard Shapiro

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Evaluation of Membrane Treatment Technology to Optimize and Reduce Hypersalinity Content of Produced Brine for Reuse in Unconventional Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over 18 billion barrels of waste fluids are generated annually from oil and gas production in the United States. As a large amount of water is used for oilfield operations, treating and reusing produced water can cut the consumption of fresh water in well sites. This research has helped to develop a membrane process train for a mobile produced water treatment unit for treating oilfield produced brine for reuse. To design the process train, over 30 sets of combination tests at pilot laboratory scale were performed using pretreatment, microfiltration and nanofiltration processes. Membrane performance was selected based on high flux separation efficiency, high tolerance for solids and fluid treatments. Over 95 % solids rejection and greater than 80 % oil removal efficiency were obtained in all these tests. Process train (pre-treatment and membrane) performance was monitored by chemical analysis of permeate and models fitting experimental data for the process. From the results, hydrocarbon rejection was analyzed; total organic carbon rejection was 47.9 %, total carbon content averaged 37.3 % rejection and total inorganic carbon rejection was at 3.66 %. BTEX removal efficiency ranged from 0.98 % to 52.7 % with the progressive pretreatment methods of using cartridge filters. The nanofiltration membrane showed significant reduction in total dissolved solids and in both anionic and cationic species. The process train is seen to follow a sequence of treatment from cartridge and oil removal filter treatment to microfiltration treatment to ultrafiltration, followed by nanofiltration for the purpose of this research. Further research still needs to be done on to determine the kind of analytical test which will give real time feedback on effectiveness of filters. In summary, the process train developed by TAMU-GPRI possesses distinct advantages in treating oilfield produced brine using membrane technology. These advantages include high quality of permeate, reduced sludge and the possibility of total recycle water systems. The small space requirement, moderate capital costs and ease of operation associated with the use of the mobile unit membrane technology also makes it a very competitive alternative to conventional technologies.

Eboagwu, Uche

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Decision Superiority Process Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision superiority is achieved not just by acquiring and assessing the right information, but by translating it into actionable knowledge that can be exploited in the decision making process. Achieving decision superiority is necessary, because the ... Keywords: context-goal alternatives, decision making process, decision superiority, process model

Barbara Sorensen; Azad M. Madni; Carla C. Madni

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Management decisions for cogeneration : executive summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes two interdependent studies which explore the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. They employ ...

Radcliffe, Robert R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Management decisions for cogeneration : a survey analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. It employs alpha factor analysis techniques to develop ...

Radcliffe, Robert R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Identification of Information in Decision Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extending unique identification to non-physical objects (data, information, decisions, knowledge) is a challenging problem in systems engineering. The tools and technologies available for naming physical objects may soon ...

Datta, Shoumen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Initial Decision and Risk Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

Engel, David W.

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

153

EIS-0409: Record of Decision and Statement of Findings | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

impact statement associated with a proposed project using Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Technology in Kemper County, Mississippi. Record of Decision and Statement...

154

EIS-0277: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision on Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (64 FR 8068) (February 1999) More Documents &...

155

Engaging Non-IT Executives in IT Infrastructure Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study describes how information technology (IT) managers from Insurance Co. successfully engaged non-IT executives in IT infrastructure investment decisions. This

Fonstad, Nils O.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Geographical Information System-Based Decision Tool.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief A geographical information system (GIS) based decision support tool that enables transportation planners to carry out...

157

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) -- Power Generation and Storage Technology Options: 2011 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) Power Generation and Storage Technology Options provides cost and performance data and analysis for energy company decision makers to optimize capital investments in the power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2011 TAG has been significantly enhanced to reflect current market conditions and technology trends, with cost and performance updates for pulverized coal (PC), large combustion turbine (CT), nuclear, solar thermal (ST), photovoltaic (PV), b...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

158

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) - Power Generation and Storage Technology Options: 2013 Topics (DRAFT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide™ (TAG®)—Power Generation and Storage Technology Options report provides cost and performance data and analysis for energy company decision makers to optimize capital investments in the power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The topics chosen by the TAG® members in 2013 reflect the transition of the industry in the last few years from a heavily coal and nuclear technologies-based generation to natural ...

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

159

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) -- Power Generation and Storage Technology Options: 2010 Topics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide (TAG )151Power Generation and Storage Technology Options helps energy company decision makers optimize capital investments in the power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2010 TAG has been significantly enhanced to reflect current market conditions and technology trends, with cost and performance updates for pulverized coal (PC), large combustion turbine (CT) and combustion turbine combined-cycle (CTCC), nuclear, solar thermal (ST), photovoltaic (PV), b...

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

160

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming Decision as Modified, January 19, 2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 Daniel Holsinger, Complainant, v. K-Ray Security, Inc., Respondent OHA Case Nos. VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 DECISION AFFIRMING AGENCY DECISION AS MODIFIED Issued: January 19, 2000 This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., the current security operations contractor at DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center ("FETC"), of the Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") on remand from the Deputy Secretary adhering, after an additional evidentiary hearing and an assessment of the equities, to its earlier finding that reinstatement of Complainant Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief, even though it was the prior security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA") that was found to have committed the act of reprisal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Simulation-based optimization: practical introduction to simulation optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The merging of optimization and simulation technologies has seen a rapid growth in recent years. A Google search on "Simulation Optimization" returns more than six thousand pages where this phrase appears. The content of these pages ranges from articles, ...

Jay April; Fred Glover; James P. Kelly; Manuel Laguna

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEOS Optimization Server · NEOS Optimization Guide · Linear Programming FAQ · Nonlinear Programming FAQ · Mathematical Programming Glossary ...

163

Provably near-optimal algorithms for multi-stage stochastic optimization models in operations management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many if not most of the core problems studied in operations management fall into the category of multi-stage stochastic optimization models, whereby one considers multiple, often correlated decisions to optimize a particular ...

Shi, Cong, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) - Power Generation and Storage Technology Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Technical Assessment Guide (TAG)Power Generation and Storage Technology Options helps energy company decision makers optimize capital investments in power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2009 TAG has been significantly enhanced. The following topics are among those that are new or enhanced: several options on CO2 capture controls and costs for existing retrofits and for new Pulverized Coal and Combustion Turbine Combined Cycle plants; several options on hybrid and dry cooling f...

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

165

Adaptive Optimization and Systematic Probing of Infrastructure System Maintenance Policies under Model Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance and repair policies in infrastructure managementOptimal maintenance decisions for pavement management. ” J.Maintenance; Optimization; Probabilistic models; Adaptive systems; Uncertainty principles . Introduction Infrastructure management

Madanat, S M; Park, Sejung; Kuhn, K D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Discussions on applied mathematics in decision-making modeling with decision support systems and knowledge based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tries to discuss some findings in mathematical decision-making modeling models with applications in business processes. We start by presenting some technological implications and implementations of decision-making models. After this we discuss ... Keywords: DSS, KBS, OWL, decision-making, inference engine, ontology

Sabina-Cristiana Necula

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration NREL-Decision-Support Tools Demonstration Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Decision-Support Tools Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Presentation, Training materials Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/2/29/WIRE Decision-Support Tools Screenshot References: Decision-Support Tools [1] Logo: Decision-Support Tools "This is a short demonstration of three decision-support tools: GsT, HOMER, and JEDI. These tools can be used to make informed decisions regarding the application of renewable energy technologies." Summary

168

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian

169

16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

Williams, Brian C.

170

TECHNOLOGIES TO OPTIMIZE ADVANCED TOKAMAK  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 Commercial fusion power systems must operate near the limits of the engineering systems and plasma parameters. Achieving these objectives will require real time feedback control of the plasma. This paper describes plasma control systems being used in the national DIII-D advanced tokamak research program.

SIMONEN, TC

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The dynamics of technology diffusion and the impacts of climate policy instruments in the decarbonisation of the global electricity sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of possible uses of climate policy instruments for the decarbonisation of the global electricity sector in a non-equilibrium economic and technology innovation-diffusion perspective. Emissions reductions occur through changes in technology and energy consumption; in this context, investment decision-making opportunities occur periodically, which energy policy can incentivise in order to transform energy systems and meet reductions targets. Energy markets are driven by innovation, dynamic costs and technology diffusion; yet, the incumbent systems optimisation methodology in energy modelling does not address these aspects nor the effectiveness of policy onto decision-making since the dynamics modelled take their source from the top-down `social-planner' assumption. This leads to an underestimation of strong technology lock-ins in cost-optimal scenarios of technology. Our approach explores the global diffusion of low carbon technology in connection to a highly disaggregated sector...

Mercure, J -F; Foley, A M; Chewpreecha, U; Pollitt, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Constructing Uncertainty Sets for Robust Linear Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a methodology for constructing uncertainty sets within the framework of robust optimization for linear optimization problems with uncertain parameters. Our approach relies on decision maker risk preferences. Specifically, we ... Keywords: coherent risk measures, distortion risk measures, robust optimization, uncertainty sets

Dimitris Bertsimas; David B. Brown

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

P:\DECISION\0105.tbh.wpd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 20, 2011 January 20, 2011 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Motion For Summary Judgement Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Colleen Monk Date of Filing: August 25, 2010 Case Number: TBH-0105 This Decision concerns a Complaint filed by Colleen Monk (hereinafter referred to as "Ms. Monk" or "the Complainant") against Washington TRU Solutions, VJ Technologies, and Mobile Characterization Services (hereinafter referred to individually as "WTS," "VJT," and "MCS,"

174

EIS-0277: Amended Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amended Record of Decision Amended Record of Decision EIS-0277: Amended Record of Decision Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (January 2001) The Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to revise its approach to managing approximately 315 kg of plutonium fluoride residues (containing approximately 142 kg of plutonium) that currently are stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats Site). Amended Record of Decision for the Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, DOE/EIS-0277 (January 2001) 66 FR 4803 More Documents & Publications EIS-0220: Amended Record of Decision EIS-0220: Amended Record of Decision EIS-0220

175

Optimization Methods for Disease Prevention and Epidemic Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 29, 2013 ... Abstract: This paper investigates problems of disease prevention and epidemic control (DPEC), in which we optimize two sets of decisions: (i) ...

176

Configuration of Detection Software: A comparison of Decision and Game Theory Approaches. Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firms are increasingly relying on software to detect fraud in domains such as security, financial services, tax, and auditing. A fundamental problem in using detection software for fraud detection is achieving the optimal balance between the detection and false-positive rates. Many firms use decision theory to address the configuration problem. Decision theory is based on the presumption that the firm’s actions do not influence the behavior of fraudsters. Game theory recognizes the fact that fraudsters do modify their strategies in response to firms ’ actions. In this paper, we compare decision and game theory approaches to the detection software configuration problem when firms are faced with strategic users. We find that under most circumstances firms incur lower costs when they use the game theory as opposed to the decision theory because the decision theory approach frequently either over- or underconfigures the detection software. However, firms incur the same or lower cost under the decision theory approach compared with the game theory approach in a simultaneousmove game if configurations under decision theory and game theory are sufficiently close. A limitation of the game theory approach is that it requires user-specific utility parameters, which are difficult to estimate. Decision theory, in contrast to game theory, requires the fraud probability estimate, which is more easily obtained. Key words: detection software; fraud detection; intrusion detection; false alarm rate; detection rate; ROC curve; decision theory; game theory

Huseyin Cavusoglu; Srinivasan Raghunathan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

15.094 Systems Optimization: Models and Computation, Spring 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A computational and application-oriented introduction to the modeling of large-scale systems in a wide variety of decision-making domains and the optimization of such systems using state-of-the-art optimization software. ...

Freund, Robert Michael

178

A decision support system for secure information sharing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In both the commercial and defense sectors a compelling need is emerging for highly dynamic, yet risk optimized, sharing of information across traditional organizational boundaries. Risk optimal decisions to disseminate mission critical tactical intelligence ... Keywords: description logic, flexible information sharing, justification for non-shareability, semantic reasoner

Achille Fokoue; Mudhakar Srivatsa; Pankaj Rohatgi; Peter Wrobel; John Yesberg

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Distributed decision evaluation model in public transportation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to several external and internal disturbances affecting public transportation systems, some regulation measures have to be undertaken. In the regulation process, the regulator has to evaluate a number of possible decisions in order to determine best ... Keywords: Multi-agent systems, Multicriteria optimization, Pareto optimality, Plurality voting, Public transportation systems, Traffic regulation, a-efficiency

Imen Boudali; Inès Ben Jaafar; Khaled Ghedira

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Software: Sprinkler Use Decisioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Sprinkler Use Decisioning is a Web-tool designed to facilitate economic analysis of residential fire sprinklers at the homeowner-and community ...

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Optimal Planning of a Weather Radar Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to the optimal planning of a weather radar network is presented. In the approach, several aspects affecting the planning decision, including terrain blockage, the need to measure with two Doppler weather radars in some regions, and ...

R. Minciardi; R. Sacile; F. Siccardi

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Optimize Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies for Government Agencies, Industrial Facilities, and Military Installations: NREL Offers Proven Tools and Resources to Reduce Energy Use and Improve Efficiency (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Lab provides expertise, facilities, and technical assistance to campuses, facilities, and government agencies to apply renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies.

Not Available

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A Novel Sampling Approach to Combinatorial Optimization Under Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generalized approach to stochastic optimization involves two computationally intensive recursive loops: (1) the outer optimization loop, (2) the inner sampling loop. Furthermore, inclusion of discrete decision variables adds to the complexity. The ... Keywords: HSS technique, combinatorial optimization, efficient sampling, nuclear waste, stochastic annealing, stochastic optimization

Urmila M. Diwekar

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Technical Assessment Guide (TAG) -- Power Generation and Storage Technology Options: 2012 Topics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides cost and performance data and analysis for energy company decision makers to optimize capital investments in the power generation and energy storage infrastructure. The 2012 TAG has been significantly enhanced to reflect current topics of interest to members, which included market trends and integration and implementation of technologies from a planning perspective. In 2012, these topics included projected demand for large combustion turbine (CT) and combustion turbine ...

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

185

Decision Fusion in MIMO Wireless Sensor Networks with Channel State Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Fusion in MIMO Wireless Sensor Networks with Channel State Information Domenico CIUONZO, Italy Abstract--We study channel-aware binary decision fusion over a Rayleigh flat fading shared channel with multiple antennas at the Decision Fusion Center (DFC). We derive the optimum and three sub-optimal fusion

186

NPV-based decision support in multi-objective design using evolutionary algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimum design problems are frequently formulated using a single excellence criterion (minimum mass or similar) with evolutionary algorithms engaged as decision-support tools. Alternatively, multi-objective formulations are used with a posteriori decision-making ... Keywords: Decision support, Design optimization, Multi-layer sandwich plates, Multi-objective, Net Present Value

Damir Vu?ina; eljan Lozina; Frane Vlak

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY  

SciTech Connect

THE CENTRAL PLATEAU REMEDIATION OPTIMIZATION STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DEVELOP AN OPTIMAL SEQUENCE OF REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTING THE CERCLA DECISION ON THE CENTRAL PLATEAU. THE STUDY DEFINES A SEQUENCE OF ACTIVITIES THAT RESULT IN AN EFFECTIVE USE OF RESOURCES FROM A STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE WHEN CONSIDERING EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT AND STAGING, WORKFORCE MOBILIZATION/DEMOBILIZATION, WORKFORCE LEVELING, WORKFORCE SKILL-MIX, AND OTHER REMEDIATION/DISPOSITION PROJECT EXECUTION PARAMETERS.

BERGMAN TB; STEFANSKI LD; SEELEY PN; ZINSLI LC; CUSACK LJ

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

188

EIS-0277: Amended Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

77: Amended Record of Decision 77: Amended Record of Decision EIS-0277: Amended Record of Decision Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (January 2001) The Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to revise its approach to managing approximately 315 kg of plutonium fluoride residues (containing approximately 142 kg of plutonium) that currently are stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats Site). Amended Record of Decision for the Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, DOE/EIS-0277 (January 2001) 66 FR 4803 More Documents & Publications EIS-0277: Record of Decision EIS-0277: Final Environmental Impact Statement

189

Theory decision by decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The topic of this article is decision procedures for satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) of arbitrary quantifier-free formulae. We propose an approach that decomposes the formula in such a way that its definitional part, including the theory, can be ... Keywords: Automated theorem proving: Rewriting, superposition, paramodulation, Satisfiability modulo theories: Decision procedures, combination of theories

Maria Paola Bonacina; Mnacho Echenim

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Industrial cogeneration optimization program. Volume II. Appendix A. Conceptual designs and preliminary equipment specifications. Appendix B. Characterization of cogeneration systems (near-term technology). Appendix C. Optimized cogeneration systems  

SciTech Connect

This appendix to a report which evaluates the technical, economic, and institutional aspects of industrial cogeneration for conserving energy in the food, chemical, textile, paper, and petroleum industries contains data, descriptions, and diagrams on conceptual designs and preliminary equipment specifications for cogeneration facilities; characterization of cogeneration systems in terms of fuel utilization, performance, air pollution control, thermal energy storage systems, and capital equipment costs; and optimized cogeneration systems for specific industrial plants. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Integrated Graduate Education & Research Traineeships: Transportation Technology & Policy Final Grant Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industries; optimization Development and use of behavioral models of consumer purchase decisions Federation Electric and hybrid vehicle

Mokhtarian, Patricia L; Tolentino, Joan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Integrated Graduate Education & Research Traineeships (IGERT): Transportation Technology & Policy Final Grant Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industries; optimization Development and use of behavioral models of consumer purchase decisions Federation Electric and hybrid vehicle

Mokhtarian, Patricia L; Tolentino, Joan S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Meeting Decisions and Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meeting Notices Meeting Decisions & Documents Production Team Indicators System Coastal Resilience Resources Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Meeting Decisions and Documents Print E-mail This page summarizes the decisions made by the National Climate Assessment Development and Advisory Committee (NCADAC) and the documents the committee has adopted in association with those decisions. The documents and decisions concern the operation of the committee, the content of the synthesis report(s), the sustained assessment process, and other important guidance and responsibilities. The full and official meeting records of the NCADAC are available on a dedicated NOAA page. To view the Federal Register notices announcing the meetings of the NCADAC, please click here.

194

Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Decision Summaries | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision Summaries Decision Summaries Decision Summaries RSS January 16, 2014 Summary of Decisions - December 30, 2013 - January 3, 2014 Decisions were issued on: - Privacy Act Appeal January 10, 2014 Summary of Decisions - MM DD YYYY - MM DD YYYY Decisions were issued on: - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 27, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 23, 2013 - December 27, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 20, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 16, 2013 - December 20, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) December 13, 2013 Summary of Decisions - December 9, 2013 - December 13, 2013 Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal

196

Multistage Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ment problems, and it can be found in multistage decision models for electricity management as well. ..... T) describes the random demand (of, say, flowers).

197

Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to decision making beyond energy technology. ACKNOWLEDGMENTSA New Metric for Energy Technology Corinne Reich-Weiser ,INTRODUCTION Alternative energy technologies such as solar,

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Decision tree module within decision support simulation system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision trees are one of the most easy to use tools in decision analysis. Problems where decision tree branches are based on random variables have not received much attention. This paper introduces a successful application of a Special Purpose Simulation ...

Mohamed Moussa; Janaka Y. Ruwanpura; George Jergeas

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

HOMER® Micropower Optimization Model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has developed the HOMER micropower optimization model. The model can analyze all of the available small power technologies individually and in hybrid configurations to identify least-cost solutions to energy requirements. This capability is valuable to a diverse set of energy professionals and applications. NREL has actively supported its growing user base and developed training programs around the model. These activities are helping to grow the global market for solar technologies.

Lilienthal, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Decision Framework for Evaluating Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI is working to develop tools to support long-term strategic planning for research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) of advanced nuclear fuel cycle technologies for electricity generation. The development of a decision framework to help guide the eventual deployment of advanced nuclear technologies represents a key component of this effort. This interim report describes the structure of a prototypical EPRI decision framework and illustrates how that framework can be applied to assess nuclear fuel...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Los Alamos technology strikes a chord with algal biofuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology strikes chord with algal biofuels Los Alamos technology strikes a chord with algal biofuels Sound-wave technology is helping Solix Biofuels, Inc. optimize production of...

202

Group decision support using Toulmin argument structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the need for sound science, technology, and management assessment relative to environmental policy decision making through an approach that involves a logical structure for evidence, a framed decision-making process, and an environment that encourages group participation. Toulmin-based logic possesses these characteristics and is used as the basis for development of a group decision support system. This system can support several user groups, such as pesticide policy-making experts, who can use the support system to state arguments for or against an important policy issue, and pest management experts, who can use the system to assist in identifying and evaluating alternatives for controlling pests on agricultural commodities. The resulting decision support system assists in improving the clarity of the lines of reasoning used in specific situations; the warrants, grounds, and backings that are used to support claims and specific lines of reasoning; and the contradictions, rebuttals, and arguments surrounding each step in the reasoning process associated with evaluating a claim or counterclaim. Experts and decisions makers with differing views can better understand each other`s thought processes. The net effect is enhanced communications and understanding of the whole picture and, in many cases, consensus on decisions to be taken.

Janssen, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering; Sage, A.P. [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Energy Efficiency Technology Readiness Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As electric power companies strive to meet increasing end-use energy efficiency requirements, they must make decisions about which technologies seem most promising in terms of availability for wide deployment and providing persistent energy savings while also being cost-effective and likely to be adopted by customers. To help electric power companies with these decisions, EPRI has developed this Technology Readiness Guide to provide a readiness assessment of technologies in various stages of ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Essays in decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Program Design Analysis using BEopt Building Energy Optimization Software: Defining a Technology Pathway Leading to New Homes with Zero Peak Cooling Demand; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

An optimization method based on the evaluation of a broad range of different combinations of specific energy efficiency and renewable-energy options is used to determine the least-cost pathway to the development of new homes with zero peak cooling demand. The optimization approach conducts a sequential search of a large number of possible option combinations and uses the most cost-effective alternatives to generate a least-cost curve to achieve home-performance levels ranging from a Title 24-compliant home to a home that uses zero net source energy on an annual basis. By evaluating peak cooling load reductions on the least-cost curve, it is then possible to determine the most cost-effective combination of energy efficiency and renewable-energy options that both maximize annual energy savings and minimize peak-cooling demand.

Anderson, R.; Christensen, C.; Horowitz, S.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Multiobjective optimization of technical market indicators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the optimization of technical indicators for stock market investment. Price prediction is a problem of great complexity and usually some technical indicators are used to predict the markets trends. The main difficulty in the use ... Keywords: decision making, evolutionary algorithms, finance, optimization, stock market data mining, technical trading rules

Diego J. Bodas-Sagi; Pablo Fernández; J. Ignacio Hidalgo; Francisco J. Soltero; José L. Risco-Martín

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Refinery analytical techniques optimize unit performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refinery process engineers need to consider benefits of laboratory analytical techniques when evaluating unit performance. Refinery heavy-oil laboratory analytical techniques use both old and new technologies. Knowing how to use available laboratory analytical techniques within their limitations are critical to obtain correct refinery optimization decisions. Better refinery stream distillation and contaminant data ultimately improves the accuracy of various refinery decision-making tools. These laboratory analytical techniques are covered: high-temperature simulated distillation (HTSD); true boiling point (TBP) distillation--ASTM D2892; vacuum distillation--ASTM D5236; continuous-flash vaporizers; wiped-film evaporators; inductively coupled plasma atomic-emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES); Conradson--ASTM D189/Microcarbon residue--ASTM D4530; and asphaltene IP-143, ASTM D3279, ASTM D4124. Analysis of atmospheric crude, vacuum crude and delayed coker units highlight these laboratory techniques to identify potential yield and product quality benefits. Physical distillation or wiped-film evaporation in conjunction with HTSD, ICP-AES, microcarbon residue and asphaltened data will better characterize a feedstock as well as determine the source of contaminants. Economics are refinery specific, therefore, these examples focus on applying laboratory techniques as opposed to discussing specifics of unit improvement. These are discussed qualitatively.

Golden, S.W. [Process Consulting Services Inc., Grapevine, TX (United States); Craft, S. [Chempro, Inc., LaPorte, TX (United States); Villalanti, D.C. [Triton Analytics Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

P:\DECISION\0088.tbh.wpd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 25, 2010 August 25, 2010 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: Arun K. Dutta Dates of Filing: December 4, 2009 Case Number: TBH-0088 This Decision concerns a Complaint filed by Arun K. Dutta (hereinafter referred to as "Mr. Dutta" or "the Complainant") against Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Inc. (hereinafter referred to as "Parsons" or "the Respondent"), his former employer, under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program regulations found at 10 C.F.R. Part 708.

209

VWC-0001 and VWC-0002 - Deputy Secretary Decision - In the Matter...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by K-Ray Security, Inc., the current security operations contractor at DOE's Federal Energy Technology Center ("FETC"), of the Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals...

210

NETL: CCPI - Demonstration of Integrated Optimization Software...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Control Devices - Multi-Pollutant Control Technologies Demonstration of Integrated Optimization Software at the Baldwin Energy Complex - Project Brief PDF-458KB...

211

On the Optimization of Composite Flywheel Rotors.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy storing flywheel rotor technology has yet to be fully optimized given the design possibilities. There have been many design approaches that have been published… (more)

Ross, Jacob

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Waste Not, Want Not: Analyzing the Economic and Environmental Viability of Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Technology for Site-Specific Optimization of Renewable Energy Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Waste-to-energy (WTE) technology burns municipal solid waste (MSW) in an environmentally safe combustion system to generate electricity, provide district heat, and reduce the need for landfill disposal. While this technology has gained acceptance in Europe, it has yet to be commonly recognized as an option in the United States. Section 1 of this report provides an overview of WTE as a renewable energy technology and describes a high-level model developed to assess the feasibility of WTE at a site. Section 2 reviews results from previous life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of WTE, and then uses an LCA inventory tool to perform a screening-level analysis of cost, net energy production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and conventional air pollution impacts of WTE for residual MSW in Boulder, Colorado. Section 3 of this report describes the federal regulations that govern the permitting, monitoring, and operating practices of MSW combustors and provides emissions limits for WTE projects.

Funk, K.; Milford, J.; Simpkins, T.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Program for Optimizing SRF Linac Costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Every well-designed machine goes through the process of cost optimization several times during its design, production and operation. The initial optimizations are done during the early proposal stage of the project when none of the systems have been engineered. When a superconducting radio frequency (SRF) linac is implemented as part of the design, it is often a difficult decision as to the frequency and gradient that will be used. Frequently, such choices are made based on existing designs, which invariably necessitate moderate to substantial modifications so that they can be used in the new accelerator. Thus the fallacy of using existing designs is that they will frequently provide a higher cost machine or a machine with sub-optimal beam physics parameters. This paper describes preliminary results of a new software tool that allows one to vary parameters and understand the effects on the optimized costs of construction plus 10 year operations of an SRF linac, the associated cryogenic facility, and controls, where operations includes the cost of the electrical utilities but not the labor or other costs. It derives from collaborative work done with staff from Accelerator Science and Technology Centre, Daresbury, UK [1] several years ago while they were in the process of developing a conceptual design for the New Light Source project. The initial goal was to convert a spread sheet format to a graphical interface to allow the ability to sweep different parameter sets. The tools also allow one to compare the cost of the different facets of the machine design and operations so as to better understand the tradeoffs.

Powers, Thomas J. [JLAB

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Decision model for evaluating reactor disposition of excess plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy is currently considering a range of technologies for disposition of excess weapon plutonium. Use of plutonium fuel in fission reactors to generate spent fuel is one class of technology options. This report describes the inputs and results of decision analyses conducted to evaluate four evolutionary/advanced and three existing fission reactor designs for plutonium disposition. The evaluation incorporates multiple objectives or decision criteria, and accounts for uncertainty. The purpose of the study is to identify important and discriminating decision criteria, and to identify combinations of value judgments and assumptions that tend to favor one reactor design over another.

Edmunds, T.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Systems Engineering and Integration: Decision Applications: D, Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Engineering and Integration Home Systems Engineering and Integration Home CONTACTS Group Leader Julianna Fessenden-Rahn Deputy Group Leader Vacant Office Administrator Lorraine Johnson d division logo image Systems Engineering and Integration The Systems Engineering & Integration Group (D-3) helps policy-makers anticipate and respond to constantly evolving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and natural threats on local and global scales-from chemical, biological, radiological, and explosive (CBRE) events to catastrophic natural disasters. We provide scientific, systematic, and integrated decision support in these areas: prevention preparation characterization response recovery public health protection We develop and deploy comprehensive, integrated CBRE and wide-area surveillance systems, using system-of-systems architectures and technologies. reactor

216

Nonlinear optimization and parallel computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The new computational technologies are having a very strong influence on numerical optimization, in several different ways. Many researchers have been stimulated by the need to either conform the existing numerical techniques to the new parallel architectures ... Keywords: global optimization, heuristics, interior point methods, parallel computing, quadratic programming

A. Migdalas; G. Toraldo; V. Kumar

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Renewable sources of energy and the related technologies are considered clean resources as the optimal use of these resources minimizes the environmental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Renewable sources of energy and the related technologies are considered clean resources interest in the scientific exploration of renewable energy sources. Energy available from the sun and fabricated selected renewable energy devices viz. animal feed solar cooker, solar tunnel dryer, improved

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

218

Optimization Online - Coordinators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... Programming); William Hart — Sandia National Laboratory; (Combinatorial Optimization / Global Optimization / Optimization Software and Modeling Systems

219

P:\DECISION\0003.tba.wpd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Gilbert J. Hinojos Date of Filing: May 13, 2005 Case Number: TBA-0003 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on April 27, 2005, involving a Complaint filed by Gilbert J. Hinojos (also referred to as the employee or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his Complaint, Hinojos claims that his former employer, DOE contractor Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (Honeywell or the contractor), retaliated against him for engaging in activity that is protected by Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer determined that the employee engaged in activity

220

P:\DECISION\0088.tba.wpd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 4, 2011 May 4, 2011 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Arun K. Dutta Date of Filing: September 7, 2010 Case Number: TBA-0088 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on August 25, 2010, involving a Complaint of Retaliation filed by Arun K. Dutta (Mr. Dutta or the complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his Complaint, Mr. Dutta alleged that his former employer, Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Inc. (Parsons or the contractor), retaliated against him for engaging in activity protected under Part 708. In the IAD, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer determined that Mr. Dutta had engaged in activity that is protected under Part 708, but that Parsons had shown that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

EIS-0277: Amendment to Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amendment to Record of Decision Amendment to Record of Decision EIS-0277: Amendment to Record of Decision Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, EIS-0277 (September 1999) The Department of Energy (DOE) has decided to revise the approach to be used to dispose of approximately 3,360 kg of sand, slag and crucible plutonium residues (containing approximately 130 kg of plutonium) that is currently stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. In an earlier Record of Decision on Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (63 FR 66136, December 1, 1998), DOE decided that the sand, slag and crucible residues would be shipped to the Savannah River Site for processing and

222

Hall-Héroult Cell: Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010 ... While overcoming the core technologies, more attentions shall be paid to structure optimization, environmental protection and energy saving.

223

Development of a Green Building Decision Support Tool: A Collaborative Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss a collaborative process for developing a decision tool to support decisions around investment in green energy technologies. Our tool was developed specifically for the Hitchcock Center for the Environment, a local environmental ... Keywords: decision analysis, energy, environment, green building

Ben Ewing; Erin Baker

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Comparing multiple criteria decision methods to extend a geographical information system on afforestation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of the AFFOREST project (EU 5th Framework Programme for Research & Technological Development) is the development of a spatial decision support system (SDSS) capable of providing advice for policy and planning decisions pertaining to afforestation ... Keywords: Carbon sequestration, Decision support, Environmental performance, GIS, Groundwater recharge, Multiple criteria, Nitrate leaching

S. Gilliams; D. Raymaekers; B. Muys; J. Van Orshoven

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Robust Decision Making  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is funded through the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy and other customers who have direct contracts with the Laboratory. The people, equipment, facilities and other infrastructure at the laboratory require continual investment to maintain and improve the laboratory’s capabilities. With ever tightening federal and customer budgets, the ability to direct investments into the people, equipment, facilities and other infrastructure which are most closely aligned with the laboratory’s mission and customers’ goals grows increasingly more important. The ability to justify those investment decisions based on objective criteria that can withstand political, managerial and technical criticism also becomes increasingly more important. The Systems Engineering tools of decision analysis, risk management and roadmapping, when properly applied to such problems, can provide defensible decisions.

Christopher A. Dieckmann, PE, CSEP-Acq

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wastewater treatment: New insight provided by interactive multiobjective optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new interactive tool developed for wastewater treatment plant design. The tool is aimed at supporting the designer in designing new wastewater treatment plants as well as optimizing the performance of already available plants. ... Keywords: Decision support, IND-NIMBUS, Interactive methods, Multicriteria optimization, Simulation-based optimization, Wastewater treatment planning

Jussi Hakanen; Kaisa Miettinen; Kristian Sahlstedt

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A unified optimization framework for equalization filter synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel method for jointly optimizing FIR filters for pre-equalization, decision feedback equalization, and near-end crosstalk cancellation. The unified optimization problem is a linear program, and we describe sparse matrix techniques for ... Keywords: crosstalk, equalizing filters, linear programming, optimal synthesis

Jihong Ren; Mark Greenstreet

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Developing a decision model for business process outsourcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information technology (IT) outsourcing has been one of the critical issues in organization management. Business process outsourcing (BPO) is an advanced type of IT outsourcing, which will be the next big wave in information technology services. Nevertheless, ... Keywords: Analytic hierarchy process (AHP), Business process outsourcing (BPO), Decision model

Dong-Hoon Yang; Seongcheol Kim; Changi Nam; Ja-Won Min

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Optimizing Development Strategies to Increase Reserves in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever increasing energy demand brings about widespread interest to rapidly, profitably and efficiently develop unconventional resources, among which tight gas sands hold a significant portion. However, optimization of development strategies in tight gas fields is challenging, not only because of the wide range of depositional environments and large variability in reservoir properties, but also because the evaluation often has to deal with a multitude of wells, limited reservoir information, and time and budget constraints. Unfortunately, classical full-scale reservoir evaluation cannot be routinely employed by small- to medium-sized operators, given its timeconsuming and expensive nature. In addition, the full-scale evaluation is generally built on deterministic principles and produces a single realization of the reservoir, despite the significant uncertainty faced by operators. This work addresses the need for rapid and cost-efficient technologies to help operators determine optimal well spacing in highly uncertain and risky unconventional gas reservoirs. To achieve the research objectives, an integrated reservoir and decision modeling tool that fully incorporates uncertainty was developed. Monte Carlo simulation was used with a fast, approximate reservoir simulation model to match and predict production performance in unconventional gas reservoirs. Simulation results were then fit with decline curves to enable direct integration of the reservoir model into a Bayesian decision model. These integrated tools were applied to the tight gas assets of Unconventional Gas Resources Inc. in the Berland River area, Alberta, Canada.

Turkarslan, Gulcan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Configuration and technology implications of potential nuclear hydrogen system applications.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nuclear technologies have important distinctions and potential advantages for large-scale generation of hydrogen for U.S. energy services. Nuclear hydrogen requires no imported fossil fuels, results in lower greenhouse-gas emissions and other pollutants, lends itself to large-scale production, and is sustainable. The technical uncertainties in nuclear hydrogen processes and the reactor technologies needed to enable these processes, as well waste, proliferation, and economic issues must be successfully addressed before nuclear energy can be a major contributor to the nation's energy future. In order to address technical issues in the time frame needed to provide optimized hydrogen production choices, the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI) must examine a wide range of new technologies, make the best use of research funding, and make early decisions on which technology options to pursue. For these reasons, it is important that system integration studies be performed to help guide the decisions made in the NHI. In framing the scope of system integration analyses, there is a hierarchy of questions that should be addressed: What hydrogen markets will exist and what are their characteristics? Which markets are most consistent with nuclear hydrogen? What nuclear power and production process configurations are optimal? What requirements are placed on the nuclear hydrogen system? The intent of the NHI system studies is to gain a better understanding of nuclear power's potential role in a hydrogen economy and what hydrogen production technologies show the most promise. This work couples with system studies sponsored by DOE-EE and other agencies that provide a basis for evaluating and selecting future hydrogen production technologies. This assessment includes identifying commercial hydrogen applications and their requirements, comparing the characteristics of nuclear hydrogen systems to those market requirements, evaluating nuclear hydrogen configuration options within a given market, and identifying the key drivers and thresholds for market viability of nuclear hydrogen options.

Conzelmann, G.; Petri, M.; Forsberg, C.; Yildiz, B.; ORNL

2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

231

Configuration and technology implications of potential nuclear hydrogen system applications.  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear technologies have important distinctions and potential advantages for large-scale generation of hydrogen for U.S. energy services. Nuclear hydrogen requires no imported fossil fuels, results in lower greenhouse-gas emissions and other pollutants, lends itself to large-scale production, and is sustainable. The technical uncertainties in nuclear hydrogen processes and the reactor technologies needed to enable these processes, as well waste, proliferation, and economic issues must be successfully addressed before nuclear energy can be a major contributor to the nation's energy future. In order to address technical issues in the time frame needed to provide optimized hydrogen production choices, the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative (NHI) must examine a wide range of new technologies, make the best use of research funding, and make early decisions on which technology options to pursue. For these reasons, it is important that system integration studies be performed to help guide the decisions made in the NHI. In framing the scope of system integration analyses, there is a hierarchy of questions that should be addressed: What hydrogen markets will exist and what are their characteristics? Which markets are most consistent with nuclear hydrogen? What nuclear power and production process configurations are optimal? What requirements are placed on the nuclear hydrogen system? The intent of the NHI system studies is to gain a better understanding of nuclear power's potential role in a hydrogen economy and what hydrogen production technologies show the most promise. This work couples with system studies sponsored by DOE-EE and other agencies that provide a basis for evaluating and selecting future hydrogen production technologies. This assessment includes identifying commercial hydrogen applications and their requirements, comparing the characteristics of nuclear hydrogen systems to those market requirements, evaluating nuclear hydrogen configuration options within a given market, and identifying the key drivers and thresholds for market viability of nuclear hydrogen options.

Conzelmann, G.; Petri, M.; Forsberg, C.; Yildiz, B.; ORNL

2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

232

Simple Inference Heuristics versus Complex Decision Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: complex algorithms, decision making, deep thought, fast and frugal decisions, simple heuristics

Peter M. Todd

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Pinch Technology: A Primer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pinch technology is a technique for analyzing and optimizing total energy systems. This guide describes the technique and shows how it can be used to reduce industrial production costs while maximizing the cost-effective use of electricity.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a fixed pitch, constant speed fan. A discussion of the merits of each type is presented with actual test results.

Monroe, R. C.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Optimization Online - Optimal Design of Electrical Machines ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 8, 2011 ... Optimal Design of Electrical Machines: Mathematical Programming ... Science and Engineering (Multidisciplinary Design Optimization ).

236

Save Energy Now Webcast: ITP Software Decision Tools Awareness  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ITP Software Decision Tools Awareness ITP Software Decision Tools Awareness Presented by Bill Orthwein October 23, 2008 ITP Software Decision Tools Awareness Together with our industry partners, we strive to: * Accelerate adoption of the many energy-efficient technologies and practices available today * Conduct vigorous technology innovation to radically improve future energy diversity, resource efficiency, and carbon mitigation * Promote a corporate culture of energy efficiency and carbon management What Is the Industrial Technologies Program ? The Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) is the lead federal agency responsible for improving energy efficiency in the largest energy-using sector of the country. Industrial Sector National Initiative Goal: Drive a 25% reduction in industrial energy intensity by 2017.

237

Steady-state simulation and optimization of an integrated gasification combined cycle power plant with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants are a promising technology option for power generation with carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in view of their efficiency and environmental advantages over conventional coal utilization technologies. This paper presents a three-phase, top-down, optimization-based approach for designing an IGCC plant with precombustion CO2 capture in a process simulator environment. In the first design phase, important global design decisions are made on the basis of plant-wide optimization studies with the aim of increasing IGCC thermal efficiency and thereby making better use of coal resources and reducing CO2 emissions. For the design of an IGCC plant with 90% CO2 capture, the optimal combination of the extent of carbon monoxide (CO) conversion in the water-gas shift (WGS) reactors and the extent of CO2 capture in the SELEXOL process, using dimethylether of polyethylene glycol as the solvent, is determined in the first phase. In the second design phase, the impact of local design decisions is explored considering the optimum values of the decision variables from the first phase as additional constraints. Two decisions are made focusing on the SELEXOL and Claus unit. In the third design phase, the operating conditions are optimized considering the optimum values of the decision variables from the first and second phases as additional constraints. The operational flexibility of the plant must be taken into account before taking final design decisions. Two studies on the operational flexibility of the WGS reactors and one study focusing on the operational flexibility of the sour water stripper (SWS) are presented. At the end of the first iteration, after executing all the phases once, the net plant efficiency (HHV basis) increases to 34.1% compared to 32.5% in a previously published study (DOE/NETL-2007/1281; National Energy Technology Laboratory, 2007). The study shows that the three-phase, top-down design approach presented is very useful and effective in a process simulator environment for improving efficiency and flexibility of IGCC power plants with CO2 capture. In addition, the study identifies a number of key design variables that has strong impact on the efficiency of an IGCC plant with CO2 capture.

Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Adaptive Peircean decision aid project summary assessments.  

SciTech Connect

This efforts objective was to identify and hybridize a suite of technologies enabling the development of predictive decision aids for use principally in combat environments but also in any complex information terrain. The technologies required included formal concept analysis for knowledge representation and information operations, Peircean reasoning to support hypothesis generation, Mill's's canons to begin defining information operators that support the first two technologies and co-evolutionary game theory to provide the environment/domain to assess predictions from the reasoning engines. The intended application domain is the IED problem because of its inherent evolutionary nature. While a fully functioning integrated algorithm was not achieved the hybridization and demonstration of the technologies was accomplished and demonstration of utility provided for a number of ancillary queries.

Senglaub, Michael E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Biofuels Biofuels Biotechnology and Medecine Biotechnology & Medicine Chemistry Developing World Energy Efficient Technologies Energy Environmental Technologies...

240

Towards The Removal Of Uncertainty In Sustainable Building Design Through Full Scale Optimization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The lack of whole-building design optimization resources available to building designers has led to uncertainty in design decisions involved with building highly sustainable or 'Green'… (more)

Fix, Stuart C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Manufacturing supply chain applications: ai-based optimization for fleet management in maritime logistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines the features of an automated Decision Support System (DSS) developed to optimize the logistics of maritime transportation for a large chemical company. The paper focuses on the design and implementation of an optimization module to ...

Agostino Bruzzone; Alessandra Orsoni; Roberto Mosca; Roberto Revetria

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Guide objective assisted particle swarm optimization and its application to history matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As is typical of metaheuristic optimization algorithms, particle swarm optimization is guided solely by the objective function. However, experience with separable and roughly separable problems suggests that, for subsets of the decision variables, the ...

Alan P. Reynolds; Asaad Abdollahzadeh; David W. Corne; Mike Christie; Brian Davies; Glyn Williams

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

DECISION AND ORDER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2004 , 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: Charles L. Evans Date of Filing: May 17, 2004 Case Number: TBU-0026 Charles Evans, a former employee of Fluor Hanford Inc. (Fluor), a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, appeals the DOE Richland Operations Office=s (Richland) dismissal of the whistleblower complaint he filed against Fluor under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. BACKGROUND A. The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE=s Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard Apublic and employee health and safety; ensur[e] compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations; and prevent[] fraud, mismanagement, waste and abuse@ at DOE=s government-owned, contractor-operated facilities. 57 Fed. Reg.

244

Models in Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any statistical analysis or decision analysis contains numerical inputs of which we are unsure. Some of our uncertainty arises from physical randomness which we can model in various ways, ideally through probability. Some relates to judgmental estimates of qualities about which we may be unsure in many different respects. There are other uncertainties involved, however: some relates to ambiguity and imprecision of meaning; some relate to lack of clarity in the objectives which the analysis seeks to meet; some relate to the numerical accuracy of calculations. Suppose, for instance, that we need to consider the probability of a conservative government being returned at the next election. The probability, a subjective probability, itself is a number that the statistician or decision maker has to judge. In some ways it may be related to 'hard' data, but there will always be an element of judgement in setting its value. But one might also ask: what is meant by a 'conservative' government; ...

Simon French

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Record of Decision 1: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

246

NREL: Energy Analysis - Energy Data for Decision Makers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Data for Decision Makers Energy Data for Decision Makers The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is home to a wealth of data and tools that can be linked together to derive knowledge and expand decision-making capabilities. Our platform links energy communities and decision makers such as policymakers, researchers, technology investors, venture capitalists, and market professionals - with valuable energy data, information, analyses, tools, images, maps, and other resources. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. Cover of the Power Technologies Energy Data Book. Cover of the Renewable Energy Data Book. A map visually representing state and congressional funding in the U.S by state. A screenshot of the 20% Wind Energy 2030 website.

247

EIS-0221: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21: Record of Decision 21: Record of Decision EIS-0221: Record of Decision York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania The Department of Energy (the Department) has prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/ EIS-0221) to assess the environmental and human health impacts associated with construction and operation of the York County Energy Partners, L.P. (YCEP) Cogeneration Facility on a 38- acre (15.4-hectare) parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, PA. DOE/EIS-0221, Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility of the Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Program in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania, 60 FR 43437 (August 1995)

248

IBRD Operational Decision Framework  

SciTech Connect

The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

249

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson #12;Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS PART 3 CHAPTER 10: OPTIMIZING THE TRANSPORTATION CLIMATE MITIGATION WEDGE Chapter

California at Davis, University of

250

Representing Serial Correlation of Meteorological Events and Forecasts in Dynamic Decision–Analytic Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recursive solution for optimal sequences of decisions given uncertainty in future weather events, and forecasts of those events, is presented. The formulation incorporates a representation of the autocorrelation that is typically exhibited. The ...

Daniel S. Wilks

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

EIS-0161: Consolidated Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consolidated Record of Decision Consolidated Record of Decision EIS-0161: Consolidated Record of Decision Tritium Supply and Recycling The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed the Tritium Supply and Recycling Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) (DOE/EIS-0161) in October 1995. The Tritium Supply and Recycling PEIS assessed the potential environmental impacts of technology and siting alternatives for the production of tritium for national security purposes as well as the impacts of constructing a new Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF) at the Department's Savannah River Site near Aiken, SC. DOE/EIS-0161, Consolidated Record of Decision for Tritium Supply and Recycling (May 1999) More Documents & Publications EIS-0288: Consolidated Record of Decision (EIS-0270 & EIS-0271)

252

Optimal estimation with limited measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a sequential estimation problem with two decision makers, or agents, who work as members of a team. One of the agents sits at an observation post, and makes sequential observations about the state of an underlying stochastic process ... Keywords: WSNs, limited information, networked control systems, optimal estimation, real-time control, real-time monitoring, recursive estimation, sequential estimation, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Orhan C. Imer; Tamer Basar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Biotrans: Cost Optimization Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biotrans: Cost Optimization Model Biotrans: Cost Optimization Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Biotrans: Cost Optimization Model Focus Area: Ethanol Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.ecn.nl/units/ps/models-and-tools/biotrans/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/biotrans-cost-optimization-model,http Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation BIOTRANS optimizes the biofuel supply chain allocation by finding the least-cost configuration of resources and trade to meet a specified biofuel demand in the European transportation sector. The user can constrain the optimization by inputting a number of economic and technological assumptions for a specific target year. References Retrieved from

254

Direct current, closed furnace silicon technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dc closed furnace technology for smelting silicon offers technical operating challenges, as well as, economic opportunities for off-gas recovery, reduced electrode consumption, reduced reductant oxidation losses, reduced energy consumption, and improved silicon recovery. The 10 mva dc closed furnace is located in East Selkirk, Manitoba. Construction of this pilot plant was started in September 1990. Following successful commissioning of the furnace in 1992, a number of smelting tests have been conducted aimed at optimization of the furnace operation and the raw material mix. The operation of a closed furnace is significantly different from an open furnace operation. The major difference being in the mechanical movement of the mix, off-gas recovery, and inability to observe the process. These differences made data collection and analysis critical in making operating decisions. This closed furnace was operated by computer control (state of the art in the smelling industry).

Dosaj, V.D. [Dow Corning Corp., Midland, MI (United States); May, J.B. [Dow Corning Corp., Freeland, MI (United States); Arvidson, A.N. [Meadow Materials, Manitoba (Canada)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The growing share of renewable energies increases Europe's demand for storage, ... the day-ahead market and the intraday market are the most important .... sampled information to approximate the high-dimensional value function by a ...... of the proposed algorithm, we conducted a numerical analysis based on data

256

Design of Near Optimal Decision Rules in Multistage Adaptive ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 2, 2013... a second uncertain parameter ?2 ? Rk2 is revealed, in response .... the ordered quantity is greater than the demand, the excess units are ...

257

Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern Decision-Making ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

curate values for the system parameters and specific probability distributions for the random variables. ... Building Room 329, Bethlehem, PA 18015, aurelie.thiele

258

Fusion of Decisions Transmitted Over Fading Channels in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion of Decisions Transmitted Over Fading Channels in Wireless Sensor Networks Biao Chen, Syracuse, NY 13244 Abstract Information fusion by utilizing multiple distributed sensors is studied in this work. We derive the optimal likelihood based fusion statistic for a parallel decision fusion problem

Chen, Biao

259

A Fast Hybrid Decision Algorithm for H.264/AVC Intra Prediction Based on Entropy Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rate Distortion Optimization based spatial intra coding is a new feature of H.264/AVC standard. It efficiently improves the video coding performance by brutally utilizing variable block sizes and multiple prediction modes. Thus, extremely high computation ... Keywords: Block Size Decision, Entropy Theory, H.264/AVC, Intra Prediction, Mode Decision

Guifen Tian; Tianruo Zhang; Takeshi Ikenaga; Satoshi Goto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Induced states in a decision tree constructed by Q-learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops a tree-construction method based on the framework of reinforcement learning (RL). The induction of a decision tree is regarded as a problem of RL, where the optimal policy should be found to obtain the maximal accumulated information ... Keywords: CART, Critic-actor model, Decision trees, Q-learning, Reinforcement learning, State space partition

Kao-Shing Hwang; Yu-Jen Chen; Wei-Cheng Jiang; Tsung-Wen Yang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A web spatial decision support system for vehicle routing using Google Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a user-friendly web-based spatial decision support system (wSDSS) aimed at generating optimized vehicle routes for multiple vehicle routing problems that involve serving the demand located along arcs of a transportation network. ... Keywords: Google MapsTM, Heuristics, Spatial decision support systems, Vehicle routing

Luís Santos; João Coutinho-Rodrigues; Carlos Henggeler Antunes

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

On-line simulator for decision support in distribution control centers in a smart grid context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows the physical, logical and functional architecture designed for integrating an On-Line Simulator of Electrical Distribution Networks (SED by its acronyms in Spanish) for decision support in Distribution Control Centers in Mexico. The ... Keywords: CIM, DMS, SCADA, decision support system, electrical distribution network, on-line data, optimal restoration, real-time data, simulator, smart grid

A. Espinosa-Reza; A. Quintero-Reyes; R. Garcia-Mendoza; J. F. Borjas-Diaz; T. M. Calleros-Torres; B. Sierra-Rodriguez; R. Torres-Abrego

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Effects of introducing collaborative technology on communications in a distributed safety-critical system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Communication and collaborative decision-making are critical activities in safety-critical systems such as marine transportation. As a result, new group technologies have been introduced to enhance communication and decision-making in these settings. ... Keywords: Automation, Case study, Communication, Decision support systems, Group decision support systems, Group support systems, Lean media, Marine transportation, Rich technology environment, Safety-critical system, Saint Lawrence Seaway, Technology impact, Technology introduction, Vessel traffic systems

Sudhendar Hanumantharao; Martha Grabowski

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Local energy management through mathematical modeling and optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) Extensions to the core TOTEM model include a demand charge model, used for making daily optimal control decisions when the electric bill includes a charge based on the monthly maximum power draw. The problem of ...

Craft David (David Loren), 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Photovoltaic decision analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the development and implementation of a methodology that analyzes information relating to the choice between flat plate and concentrator technologies for photovoltaic development. A

Goldman, Neil L.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Engineering Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Mechatronics Technology, and Renewable Energy Technology. Career Opportunities Graduates of four origin, gender, age, marital status, sexual orientation, status as a Vietnam-era veteran, or disability

267

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

Please refer to the list of technologies below for licensing and research collaboration availability. If you can't find the technology you ...

268

Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June 2008 Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June 2008 Smart Grid Implementation Workshop Breakout Group Report, a discussion of metrics for smart grid implementation. The following major caveats and findings were identified: Optimizing asset utilization and operating efficiently depends on proper integration of technologies with business processes and associated IT Build metrics, by definition, need to be updated regularly to reflect new technology Build metrics should not be technology prescriptive or result innarrowing technology options for Smart Grid (should be as "technology agnostic"as possible) Build metrics need to differentiate between statistics

269

Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June 2008 Optimizing Asset Utilization and Operating Efficiency Efficiently, June 2008 Smart Grid Implementation Workshop Breakout Group Report, a discussion of metrics for smart grid implementation. The following major caveats and findings were identified: Optimizing asset utilization and operating efficiently depends on proper integration of technologies with business processes and associated IT Build metrics, by definition, need to be updated regularly to reflect new technology Build metrics should not be technology prescriptive or result innarrowing technology options for Smart Grid (should be as "technology agnostic"as possible) Build metrics need to differentiate between statistics

270

Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building a new infrastructure facility requires a significant amount of time and expense. This is particularly true for investments in transportation for their longstanding and great degree of impact on society. The scope of time and money involved does not mean, however, we only focus on the economies of scale and may ignore other aspects of the built environment. To this extent, how can we achieve a more balanced perspective in infrastructure decision-making? In addition, what aspects should be considered when making more sustainable decisions about transportation investments? These two questions are the foundations of this study. This dissertation shares its process in part with a previous research project – Texas Urban Triangle (TUT). Although the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed to rank or make comparisons. This is admittedly one of the biggest shortfalls in the general SDSS approach, but is also where I see as an opportunity to make alternative interpretation more comprehensive and effective. The main purpose of this dissertation is to develop a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) that will lead to more balanced decision-making in transportation investment and optimize the most sustainable high-speed rail (HSR) route. The decision support system developed here explicitly elaborates the advantages and disadvantages of a transportation corridor in three particular perspectives: construction (fixed costs); operation (maintenance costs); and externalities (social and environmental costs), with a specific focus on environmental externalities. Considering more environmental features in rail routing will offset short-term economic losses and creates more sustainable environments in long-term infrastructure planning.

Kim, Hwan Yong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

History-Dependent Optimization of Bridge Maintenance and Replacement Decisions Using Markov Decision Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS © ASCE / SEPTEMBER 2007 / 201must be ?led with the ASCE Managing Editor. The manuscriptNo. 3, September 1, 2007. ©ASCE, ISSN 1076-0342/2007/3-195–

Robelin, Charles-Antoine; Madanat, Samer M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Pathwise Optimization for Optimal Stopping Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the pathwise optimization (PO) method, a new convex optimization procedure to produce upper and lower bounds on the optimal value (the “price”) of a high-dimensional optimal stopping problem. The PO method builds on a dual characterization ... Keywords: American options, Bermudian options, dynamic programming, optimal control, optimal stopping

Vijay V. Desai; Vivek F. Farias; Ciamac C. Moallemi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Record of Decision, Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

63877 63877 Tuesday December 12, 1995 Part VII Department of Energy Record of Decision; Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement; Notice 63878 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 238 / Tuesday, December 12, 1995 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Record of Decision: Tritium Supply and Recycling Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Record of Decision: Selection of Tritium Supply Technology and Siting of Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) is issuing this Record of Decision regarding DOE's proposal for Tritium Supply and Recycling Facilities. The Department is making three simultaneous decisions. First, the Department will pursue a dual track on the two most promising tritium supply

275

Energy Efficiency Technology Readiness Guide: 2013 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As electric power companies strive to meet increasing end-use energy efficiency requirements, they must make decisions about which technologies seem most promising in terms of availability for wide deployment and providing persistent energy savings while also being cost-effective and likely to be adopted by customers. To help electric power companies with these decisions, EPRI has developed this Technology Readiness Guide to provide a readiness assessment of technologies in various stages of ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Wave: Energy-Efficient HPC Design Optimized for Seismic Imaging TOUGH: Suite of Simulators for Nonisothermal Multiphase Flow and Transport in Fractured Porous Media...

277

An incentive mechanism for decentralized water metering decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metering water consumption has been long advocated by economists in developing countries as a way to curb waste and prevent resource depletion. However, very few of these economists have studied the inefficiencies brought about by universal metering or the conditions under which decentralized water metering decisions are optimal. If the decision where to install water meters rests on either the consumer or the Company providing the service this paper shows that if left unregulated, both the consumer’s and the Company’s decentralized water metering decisions are sub-optimal. This is because the firm when installing meters, does not take into account the fall in consumer surplus and the consumer, when voluntarily installing a meter in his dwelling, does not take into account the effect of his decision on the Company’s profits. To solve this externality problem and make the decentralized decision optimal, an incentive mechanism is proposed. The mechanism works through a series of Pigouvian taxes imposed by the regulator on the party creating the externality. By means of these taxes, externalities are internalized and both the consumer and the Company reach the socially optimal solution in a decentralized way. The implementation of this mechanism in practice is materialized through a Coasian property rights approach where the parties involved reach the efficient solution by bargaining over welfare gains. The party installing the meter has to buy the “right to meter ” from the metered party by fairly compensating him thus internalizing the externality and reaching the efficient outcome. To illustrate the incentives involved in metering water consumption, the rate structure and metering policies of two water concessions in Argentina are studied: Buenos Aires and Córdoba. Conclusions and policy recommendations are drawn from the theory and the two practical cases.

Andrés Chambouleyron

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Latent effects decision analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

279

Energy and lighting decisions  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the fundamental principles of lighting and uses them to evaluate energy-conserving lighting equipment and techniques. The selection of the proper lighting components and systems is complex, requiring a knowledge of the characteristics of light sources and their interactions with the auxiliary equipment and the environment. Furthermore, there are subjective aspects of lighting that are difficult to quantify. We address the simplistic way in which lighting is commonly approached, then present an argument as to the critical nature of the lighting decision. In the final sections we discuss and evaluate lighting equipment in terms of its applications and characteristics. Familiarity with the fundamental characteristics of the elements of lighting equipment will also permit more judicious appraisal and use of lighting concepts that may be introduced in the future. 6 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Industrial Decision Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy although, freight costs, favorable exchange rates and high capacity utilization will encourage future industrial investment. Industry will eventually enter a new period of major investment. Future industrial investment will be an opportunity to influence the energy efficiency of these facilities for generations to come. Program managers must begin engaging industrial customers now, in order to exploit this unprecedented opportunity to change future energy use patterns. This paper reviews recent market trends and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?

Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Solution and Forecast Horizons for Infinite-Horizon Nonhomogeneous Markov Decision Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a nonhomogeneous infinite-horizon Markov Decision Process (MDP) problem with multiple optimal first-period policies. We seek an algorithm that, given finite data, delivers an optimal first-period policy. Such an algorithm can thus ... Keywords: monotone policy, planning horizon, well-posed problem

Torpong Cheevaprawatdomrong; Irwin E. Schochetman; Robert L. Smith; Alfredo Garcia

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Decision support for disaster management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

support system for disaster response and recovery usingJ (2006) Improving disaster response efforts with decisionSpringerlink.com Abstract Disaster response and recovery are

Rolland, Erik; Patterson, Raymond A.; Ward, Keith; Dodin, Bajis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Early Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologie...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adoption of Fuel Cell Technologies Federal Facilities Guide Read Procuring Fuel Cells for Stationary Power: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers for step-by-step guidance...

284

EIS-0318: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0318: Record of Decision Kentucky Pioneer Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Demonstration Project, Trapp, Clark County, Kentucky DOE has decided that it will provide approximately $60 million in Federal funding support (about 15% of the total cost of approximately $414 million) to design, construct, and demonstrate the commercial scale operation of the integrated gasification combined cycle demonstration project proposed by Kentucky Pioneer Energy. Record of Decision for the Kentucky Pioneer Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Demonstration Project, Trapp, Clark County, Kentucky, DOE/EIS-0318 (February 2003) (68 FR 5628) More Documents & Publications EIS-0318: Final Environmental Impact Statement Fact Sheet: Clean Coal Technology Ushers In New Era in Energy

285

EIS-0318: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

318: Record of Decision 318: Record of Decision EIS-0318: Record of Decision Kentucky Pioneer Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Demonstration Project, Trapp, Clark County, Kentucky DOE has decided that it will provide approximately $60 million in Federal funding support (about 15% of the total cost of approximately $414 million) to design, construct, and demonstrate the commercial scale operation of the integrated gasification combined cycle demonstration project proposed by Kentucky Pioneer Energy. Record of Decision for the Kentucky Pioneer Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Demonstration Project, Trapp, Clark County, Kentucky, DOE/EIS-0318 (February 2003) (68 FR 5628) More Documents & Publications EIS-0318: Final Environmental Impact Statement Fact Sheet: Clean Coal Technology Ushers In New Era in Energy

286

EIS-0444: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Record of Decision 4: Record of Decision EIS-0444: Record of Decision Texas Clean Energy Project, Ector County, Texas (September 2011) For more information, contact: Mr. Mark L. McKoy, Environmental Manager U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 Telephone: 304-285-4426 Toll-free number: 1-800-432-8330 (ext. 4426) DOE announces its decision to continue to provide financial support to the Texas Clean Energy Project (TCEP). DOE prepared an Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0444) to assess the environmental impacts associated with the TCEP, a project that Summit Texas Clean Energy, LLC would design, construct, and operate. The project will demonstrate advanced power systems using integrated gasification combined-cycle

287

Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Commercial-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098 and by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily: distributed generation; combined heat and power; decentralised optimisation; microgrid; power quality ABSTRACT

288

NREL: Technology Deployment - Renewable Energy Optimization Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL worked with the U.S. Navy to prioritize their 70 worldwide installations for renewable energy projects opportunities. At high priority sites, the NREL team continues...

289

DX+, An Optimized Version of DX Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cryoscopic Data for Hall-Héroult Bath Containing Magnesium Fluoride, Calcium Fluoride, Potassium Cryolite, and Sodium Chloride · Current Distribution and ...

290

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

website to download. To help meet Building America's goal to develop market-ready energy solutions that improve efficiency of new and existing homes, the National Renewable...

291

Using GIS technology to manage information following a bio-terrorism attack.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BROOM system was developed to collect, manage and analyze information from bioterrorist attacks on strategic buildings. GIS features help decision-makers and analysts rapidly assess the current status of contaminated facilities and develop optimized cleanup strategies. BROOM consists of networked server, desktop and PDA components. PDAs are deployed to collect samples of suspected bioagents, such as anthrax. Novel geostatistical methods are used to generate contaminant maps and define optimum locations for subsequent sampling. Efficiency and accuracy gains witnessed in field tests show that GIS technology can play a vital role in visualizing, managing and analyzing data from bioterrorism incidents.

Melton, Brad; Ramsey, James L., Jr.; Finley, Patrick

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

EIS-0046: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0046: Record of Decision Program of Research and Development for Management and Disposal of Commercially Generated Radioactive Wastes DOE has decided to: (1) adopt a strategy to develop mined geologic repositories for disposal of commercially-generated high-level and transuranic radioactive wastes (while continuing to examine subseabed and very deep hole disposal as potential backup technologies) and (2) conduct a research and development program to develop repositories and the necessary technology to ensure the safe long-term containment and isolation of these wastes. EIS-0046-ROD-1981.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0046: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0026: Annual Mitigation Report EIS-0026: Annual Mitigation Report

293

Optimal resource allocation for time-reservation systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the optimal resource allocation in time-reservation systems. Customers arrive at a service facility and receive service in two steps; in the first step information is gathered from the customer, which is then sent to a pool of computing ... Keywords: Constrained Markov decision problems, Monotonicity, Optimal resource allocation, Queueing theory, Time-reservation systems

Ran Yang; Sandjai Bhulai; Rob van der Mei; Frank Seinstra

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Optimal maintenance and repair policies in infrastructure management under uncertain facility deterioration rates: an adaptive control approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1987. Optimal maintenance decisions for pavement management.maintenance and repair policies in infrastructure managementmanagement systems. In Section 3 we present AC formulations for the problem of ?nding optimal maintenance and

Madanat, S M; Durango, Pablo L

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Technology Search  

home \\ technologies \\ search. Technologies: Ready-to-Sign Licenses: Software: Patents: Technology Search. ... Operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, ...

296

Optimized hydrogen piston engines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen piston engines can be simultaneously optimized for improved thermal efficiency and for extremely low emissions. Using these engines in constant-speed, constant-load systems such as series hybrid-electric automobiles or home cogeneration systems can result in significantly improved energy efficiency. For the same electrical energy produced, the emissions from such engines can be comparable to those from natural gas-fired steam power plants. These hydrogen-fueled high-efficiency, low-emission (HELE) engines are a mechanical equivalent of hydrogen fuel cells. HELE engines could facilitate the transition to a hydrogen fuel cell economy using near-term technology.

Smith, J.R.

1994-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

297

Sandia National Laboratories : Licensing/Technology ...  

Technology Summary A large question preventing optimal natural gas production from "hydrofracked" shales is how far proppants, injected to keep shale ...

298

Emerging energy-efficient technologies for industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVAC Advanced lighting technologies Advanced lighting design Advance ASD designs Advanced compressor controls Compressed air system management Motor diagnostics Motor system optimization

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Emerging Energy-Efficient Technologies for Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVAC Advanced lighting technologies Advanced lighting design Advance ASD designs Advanced compressor controls Compressed air system management Motor diagnostics Motor system optimization

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Emerging energy-efficient technologies for industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVAC Advanced lighting technologies Advanced lighting design Advance ASD designs Advanced compressor controls Compressed air system management Motor diagnostics Motor system optimization

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Boiler Reliability Optimization: Interim Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Competitive pressures to drive costs down in the new business environment sometimes conflict with the demands of increased reliability and quality of supply. The Boiler Reliability Optimization program, which makes use of a number of applicable EPRI technologies, was developed to assess, create, and implement an effective boiler maintenance strategy for the changing business environment.

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Application of Modern Visualization Techniques to Improve Human Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a research study investigating the application of "modern" visualization technology to improve human situation awareness, problem solving, and decision-making in nuclear power generating stations and associated utility support organizations. The findings, however, should be of value to all electric utility sectors.

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Decision support system based on hierarchical co-evolutionary fuzzy approach: A case study in detecting gamma ray signals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decision support systems are powerful technologies for complex decision making and problem solving. However, constructing an accurate and interpretable decision support system (DSS) for any domain is a challenge. In this paper, a novel hierarchical co-evolutionary ... Keywords: ANFIS, Co-evolutionary learning, DENFIS, Decision support system, Fuzzy system, Genetic algorithm, HiCEFS, Hierarchical co-evolutionary fuzzy system, High-energy gamma rays, TSK

H. Huang; M. Pasquier; C. Quek

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design.

305

Policy implications of technologies for cognitive enhancement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Concepts Group at Sandia National Laboratory and the Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes at Arizona State University convened a workshop in May 2006 to explore the potential policy implications of technologies that might enhance human cognitive abilities. The group's deliberations sought to identify core values and concerns raised by the prospect of cognitive enhancement. The workshop focused on the policy implications of various prospective cognitive enhancements and on the technologies/nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science--that enable them. The prospect of rapidly emerging technological capabilities to enhance human cognition makes urgent a daunting array of questions, tensions, ambitions, and concerns. The workshop elicited dilemmas and concerns in ten overlapping areas: science and democracy; equity and justice; freedom and control; intergenerational issues; ethics and competition; individual and community rights; speed and deliberations; ethical uncertainty; humanness; and sociocultural risk. We identified four different perspectives to encompass the diverse issues related to emergence of cognitive enhancement technologies: (1) Laissez-faire--emphasizes freedom of individuals to seek and employ enhancement technologies based on their own judgment; (2) Managed technological optimism--believes that while these technologies promise great benefits, such benefits cannot emerge without an active government role; (3) Managed technological skepticism--views that the quality of life arises more out of society's institutions than its technologies; and (4) Human Essentialism--starts with the notion of a human essence (whether God-given or evolutionary in origin) that should not be modified. While the perspectives differ significantly about both human nature and the role of government, each encompasses a belief in the value of transparency and reliable information that can allow public discussion and decisions about cognitive enhancement. The practical question is how to foster productive discussions in a society whose attention is notably fragmented and priorities notably diverse. The question of what to talk about remains central, as each of the four perspectives is concerned about different things. Perhaps the key issue for initial clarification as a condition for productive democratic discussion has to do with the intended goals of cognitive enhancement, and the mechanisms for allowing productive deliberation about these goals.

Sarewitz, Daniel R. (Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ); Karas, Thomas H.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Optimizing the Squeeze Casting Process of Carbon Fiber ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Centrifugally Cast HSS Rolls · Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor Technology in a Tundish · Optimizing the ...

307

The Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems area focuses...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasifier Optimization and Plant Supporting Systems area focuses on the development of technologies and models to improve the performance of advanced gasifiers. Specifically,...

308

Energy Efficient Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficient Technologies Energy Efficient Technologies Energy efficient technologies are available now! Many of the vehicles currently on display in dealer showrooms boast new performance-enhancing, fuel-saving technologies that can save you money. Engine Technologies Transmission Technologies All Engine Technology Average Efficiency Increase Variable Valve Timing & Lift improve engine efficiency by optimizing the flow of fuel & air into the engine for various engine speeds. 5% Cylinder Deactivation saves fuel by deactivating cylinders when they are not needed. 7.5% Turbochargers & Superchargers increase engine power, allowing manufacturers to downsize engines without sacrificing performance or to increase performance without lowering fuel economy. 7.5% Integrated Starter/Generator (ISG) Systems automatically turn the engine on/off when the vehicle is stopped to reduce fuel consumed during idling. 8%

309

Multiobjective Particle Swarm Optimization for the optimal design of photovoltaic grid-connected systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is a highly efficient evolutionary optimization algorithm. In this paper a multiobjective optimization algorithm based on PSO applied to the optimal design of photovoltaic grid-connected systems (PVGCSs) is presented. The proposed methodology intends to suggest the optimal number of system devices and the optimal PV module installation details, such that the economic and environmental benefits achieved during the system's operational lifetime period are both maximized. The objective function describing the economic benefit of the proposed optimization process is the lifetime system's total net profit which is calculated according to the method of the Net Present Value (NPV). The second objective function, which corresponds to the environmental benefit, equals to the pollutant gas emissions avoided due to the use of the PVGCS. The optimization's decision variables are the optimal number of the PV modules, the PV modules optimal tilt angle, the optimal placement of the PV modules within the available installation area and the optimal distribution of the PV modules among the DC/AC converters. (author)

Kornelakis, Aris [Technical University of Crete, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Chania (Greece)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Optimal Stopping with Information Constraint  

SciTech Connect

We study the optimal stopping problem proposed by Dupuis and Wang (Adv. Appl. Probab. 34:141-157, 2002). In this maximization problem of the expected present value of the exercise payoff, the underlying dynamics follow a linear diffusion. The decision maker is not allowed to stop at any time she chooses but rather on the jump times of an independent Poisson process. Dupuis and Wang (Adv. Appl. Probab. 34:141-157, 2002), solve this problem in the case where the underlying is a geometric Brownian motion and the payoff function is of American call option type. In the current study, we propose a mild set of conditions (covering the setup of Dupuis and Wang in Adv. Appl. Probab. 34:141-157, 2002) on both the underlying and the payoff and build and use a Markovian apparatus based on the Bellman principle of optimality to solve the problem under these conditions. We also discuss the interpretation of this model as optimal timing of an irreversible investment decision under an exogenous information constraint.

Lempa, Jukka, E-mail: jlempa@cma.uio.no [University of Oslo, Centre of Mathematics for Applications (Norway)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

R:\DECISION\0060.VBX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) reviewed both decisions, pursuant to a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) by which NNSA authorized OHA to adjudicate for NNSA whistleblower complaints brought by employees of NNSA contractors under 10 CFR Part 708. Under the MOU, NNSA is responsible for implementing a final decision issued under Part 708. March 28, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Supplemental Order Name of Petitioner: Robert Burd Date of Filing: March 13, 2003 Case Number: VBX-0060 On November 16, 2001, BWXT Pantex, as successor to Mason & Hanger Corporation (M&H) (collectively referred to as "the contractor"), filed an appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued by an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee

312

Performance and Optimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Optimization Performance and Optimization Compiler Comparisons Using a set of benchmarks described below, different optimization options for the different compilers on...

313

Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

Brewer, Jeffrey D.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

MDP Optimal Control under Temporal Logic Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop a method to automatically generate a control policy for a dynamical system modeled as a Markov Decision Process (MDP). The control specification is given as a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) formula over a set of propositions defined on the states of the MDP. We synthesize a control policy such that the MDP satisfies the given specification almost surely, if such a policy exists. In addition, we designate an "optimizing proposition" to be repeatedly satisfied, and we formulate a novel optimization criterion in terms of minimizing the expected cost in between satisfactions of this proposition. We propose a sufficient condition for a policy to be optimal, and develop a dynamic programming algorithm that synthesizes a policy that is optimal under some conditions, and sub-optimal otherwise. This problem is motivated by robotic applications requiring persistent tasks, such as environmental monitoring or data gathering, to be performed.

Ding, Xu Chu; Belta, Calin; Rus, Daniela

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Technologies Recently Available for Licensing - 1999  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An NREL Technology Transfer fact sheet describing four technologies that are available for licensing: steel weld weakness detection, cadmium telluride solar cell enhancement, HOMER model for choosing optimal electrical systems for remote areas, and inner-flame matrix burner.

Brown, H.; Touryan, K.

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

316

Finding genes in DNA using decision trees and dynamic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{ salz berg,xchendhndrsn}:~cs.jhu.edu,kewf~gdb.org This study demonstrates the use of decision tree classifiers as the basis for a general gene-finding system. The system uses a dynamic programming algorithm that. finds the optimal segmentation of a DNA sequence into coding and noncoding regions (exons and introits).]’he optimality property is dependent oll a separate scoring function that takes a subsequence and assigns to it a score reflecting the probability that the sequence is an exon. In this study, the scoring functions were sets of decision trees and rules that were combined to give the probability estimate. Experimental results on a newly collected database of human DNA sequences are encouraging, and some new observations about the structure of classifiers for tile gene-finding problem have emerged from this study. We also provide descriptions of a new probability chain model that produces very accurate filters to find donor and acceptor sites.

Steven Salzberg; Xin Chen; John Henderson; Kenneth Fasman

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A data analysis decision support system for the carbon dioxide capture process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the development process of an expert decision support system for pre-filtering and analysis of data from the carbon dioxide (CO"2) capture process. Chemical absorption has become one of the dominant CO"2 capture technologies because ... Keywords: Carbon dioxide capture process, Data filtering, Expert decision support system

Yuxiang Wu; Christine W. Chan

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Multi-Attribute Utility-based Decision Tool By  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, standard decision making methods typically undervalue projects by ignoring difficult to value, non-monetary benefits. This presents a problem for public institutions, such as the Department of Energy (DOE), where goals relating to the environment and national security are difficult to quantify. As a result, it is especially challenging to accurately optimize the use of public funds. The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for making significant investment decisions under extreme uncertainty with respect to the nation’s public energy portfolio. Recently, leaders internal and external to the government have called for a comprehensive and structured approach

Kacy J. Gerst; Donna H. Rhodes; Patrick Hale; Kacy J. Gerst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Optimization Online - Global Optimization Submissions - 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization and homotopy methods for the Gibbs free energy of magmatic mixtures ... On DC. optimization algorithms for solving minmax flow problems

320

Optimization Online - Stochastic Optimization Approach to Water ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 18, 2012 ... Optimization Online. Stochastic Optimization Approach to Water Management in Cooling-Constrained Power Plants. Juan M. Salazar(juan ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Strategies for accelerating cleanup at toxic waste sites: Fast-tracking environmental actions and decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presents truly innovative advances in investigative and cleanup technologies, offering valuable solutions that streamline the data collection process, speed up the time it takes to characterize a site, and expedite decision making.

Payne, S.M. [Tetra Tech EM Inc., Helena, MT (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

FY 2004 Annual Progress Report for Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HEAVY HEAVY VEHICLE SYSTEMS OPTIMIZATION FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-0121 FY 2004 Annual Progress Report for Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Approved by Dr. Sidney Diamond Technology Area Development Specialist February 2005 Heavy Vehicle Systems Optimization Program FY 2004 Annual Report iii Contents Foreword by Dr. Sidney Diamond, FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy ................................. 1 I. Aerodynamic Drag Reduction......................................................................................................

323

Technology Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Homeland Security & Defense Homeland Security & Defense Information Technology & Communications Information Technology & Communications Sensors, Electronics &...

324

Deputy Secretary Decision Remanding VWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant DANIEL HOLSINGER, Complainant v. K-RAY SECURITY, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0005, LWA-0009 DECISION REVERSING AND REMANDING INITIAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by K-Ray Security, Inc., from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA"), finding that reinstatement of Mr. Holsinger as a security guard is a necessary and appropriate action to effect full relief for a retaliatory termination made by the previous security contractor, Watkins Security Agency, Inc., ("WSA"). Based upon my review of the regulatory language, the relevant case law, and the entire record, I conclude that OHA's decision is incorrect. Mr. Holsinger filed a complaint with the Office of Contractor Employee Protection ("OCEP") on October 7, 1994. R. 103-106. He

325

Deputy Secretary Decision Reversing LWA-0003 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEHTA, Complainant MEHTA, Complainant v. UNIVERSITIES RESEARCH ASSOCIATION, Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0003, LWZ-0023 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by respondent Universities Research Association ("URA"), from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, Dr. Naresh C. Mehta, a scientist formerly employed by URA, had established that his disclosures of mismanagement were a contributing factor in URA's December 16, 1992, decision to terminate his employment. The Initial Agency Decision also reaffirmed OHA's previous denial of URA's motion to dismiss based on lack of jurisdiction under 10 C.F.R. Part 708. 1. On appeal, URA requests reconsideration of its motion to dismiss on jurisdictional grounds. URA contends that applying DOE's

326

Cost optimization of a hybrid composite flywheel rotor with a split-type hub using combined analytical/numerical models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure to find the optimal design of a flywheel with a split-type hub is presented. Since cost plays a decisive role in stationary flywheel energy storage applications, a trade-off between energy and cost is required. Applying a scaling technique, ... Keywords: Cost optimization, Flywheel energy storage, Flywheel rotors, Multifidelity optimization, Split-type hub, Surrogate-based optimization

Malte Krack; Marc Secanell; Pierre Mertiny

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Hydroelastic optimization of a keel fin of a sailing boat: a multidisciplinary robust formulation for ship design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a formulation for multidisciplinary design optimization of vessels, subject to uncertain operating conditions. The formulation couples the multidisciplinary design analysis with the Bayesian approach to decision problems affected by ... Keywords: Hydroelastic optimization, Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO), Robust Design Optimization (RDO), Ship design

Matteo Diez; Daniele Peri; Giovanni Fasano; Emilio F. Campana

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Introduction: Ontologies, Semantic Technologies, and Intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years ontologies and semantic technologies more generally have begun to be applied to assist the intelligence community, for information integration, information-sharing, decision-support, and in many other applications. This chapter introduces ...

Terry Janssen; Leo Obrst; Werner Ceusters

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Projects to Integrated Projects to someone by E-mail Share FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on Facebook Tweet about FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on Twitter Bookmark FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on Google Bookmark FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on Delicious Rank FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on Digg Find More places to share FCT Technology Validation: Integrated Projects on AddThis.com... Home Transportation Projects Stationary/Distributed Generation Projects Integrated Projects DOE Projects Non-DOE Projects Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Systems Analysis Contacts Integrated Projects To maximize overall system efficiencies, reduce costs, and optimize

331

A decision support system of vehicle routing and refueling for motor carriers with time-sensitive demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent trend of raising fuel cost and the increased time-sensitiveness of shippers, an extensive pressure is placed on the motor-carrier industry to meet the time-constrained customer demands at minimum fuel cost. We propose a decision support ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fuel cost, Motor carriers, Optimization, Vehicle routing

Yoshinori Suzuki

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

R:\DECISION\0062.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2002 3, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBH-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). In an Interlocutory Decision dated May 8, 2002, I determined that SEC had retaliated against Gossett for engaging in protected activity and that therefore Gossett is entitled to relief. Accordingly,

333

Three essays in decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Dynamic Policy Modeling for Chronic Diseases: Metaheuristic-Based Identification of Pareto-Optimal Screening Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a risk-group oriented chronic disease progression model embedded within a metaheuristic-based optimization of the policy variables. Policy-makers are provided with Pareto-optimal screening schedules for risk groups by considering cost and ... Keywords: chronic disease policy analysis, decision analysis, dynamic resource allocation, health care, metaheuristics, multicriteria optimization, prevention

Marion S. Rauner; Walter J. Gutjahr; Kurt Heidenberger; Joachim Wagner; Joseph Pasia

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Non-causal models in long term planning via set contractive optimal control methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of consistency for optimal plans introduced in [F.E. Kydland, E.C. Prescott, Rules rather than decisions: The inconsistency of optimal plans, J. Polit. Econ. 85 (3) (1977) 473-491] is studied in relation to dynamic programming and to multi-objective ... Keywords: Balance set, Long term optimal planning, Pareto solutions

E. A. Galperin; I. Galperin

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Bi-objective optimization of the intermodal terminal location problem as a policy-support tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determining the optimal layout of an intermodal terminal network, more specifically the optimal locations of the terminals, is a complicated matter that requires adequate decision support tools. In this paper, a bi-objective model is developed, minimizing ... Keywords: Bi-objective optimization, GRASP, Intermodal terminal location, Metaheuristics

Kenneth SöRensen; Christine Vanovermeire

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Application of genetic algorithm to optimize burnable poison placement in pressurized water reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient and a practical genetic algorithm tool was developed and applied successfully to Burnable Poisons (BPs) placement optimization problem in the reference Three Mile Island-1 (TMI-1) core. Core BP optimization problem means developing a BP ... Keywords: burnable poison, decision variables, gadolinium, genetic algorithm, nuclear, optimization, reactor

Serkan Yilmaz; Kostadin Ivanov; Samuel Levine

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Projects October 25, 2005 EIS-0374: Record of Decision Klondike III Biglow Canyon Wind Integration Project September 21, 2005 EIS-0355: Record of Decision Remediation of...

339

A Framework for Improving Building Operating Decisions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to develop a decision analysis tool to help facility managers make proactive energy and maintenance management decisions. The presentation will conclude with an overview of the...

340

Essays in inventory decisions under uncertainty .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Uncertainty is a norm in business decisions. In this research, we focus on the inventory decisions for companies with uncertain customer demands. We first investigate… (more)

Manikas, Andrew Steven

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Stochastic hydro-economic modeling for optimal management of agricultural groundwater nitrate pollution under hydraulic conductivity uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In decision-making processes, reliability and risk aversion play a decisive role. This paper presents a framework for stochastic optimization of control strategies for groundwater nitrate pollution from agriculture under hydraulic conductivity uncertainty. ... Keywords: Fertilizer allocation, Groundwater, Nitrates, Optimization, Stochastic management model, Uncertainty

S. Peña-Haro; M. Pulido-Velazquez; C. Llopis-Albert

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

Hanson, D.A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Passive solar technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present status of passive solar technology is summarized, including passive solar heating, cooling and daylighting. The key roles of the passive solar system designer and of innovation in the building industry are described. After definitions of passive design and a summary of passive design principles are given, performance and costs of passive solar technology are discussed. Passive energy design concepts or methods are then considered in the context of the overall process by which building decisions are made to achieve the integration of new techniques into conventional design. (LEW).

Watson, D

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Technology Adoption with Uncertain Future Costs and Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the impact of uncertainty about future innovations in quality and costs on consumers' technology adoption decisions. We model the uncertainty in the technology's quality and costs as a Markov process and consider three models of ... Keywords: decision analysis, dynamic programming, sequential

James E. Smith; Canan Ulu

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Parametric Optimization of Linear and Non-Linear Models via Parallel Computing to Enhance Web-Spatial DSS Interactivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A web based Spatial Decision Support System web SDSS has been implemented in Thessaly, the most significant arable cropping region in Greece, to evaluate energy crop supply. The web SDSS uses an optimization module to support the decision process launching ... Keywords: Common Agricultural Policy CAP, Farm Model, Parallel Programming, Positive Mathematical Programming PMP, Spatial Decision Support Systems SDSS

D. Kremmydas; A. Petsakos; S. Rozakis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project The U.S. Department of Energy has provided six computers to Prichard to improve its decision-making process through Geographic Information System (GIS) as a decision-making tool. The agency has provided GIS training and other technical assistance in Prichard's Brownfields redevelopment effort. Other National Conference of Black Mayors' cities that have received computers for technology centers and technology transfer are Hayti Heights, Missouri; East St. Louis, Illinois; and Glenarden, Maryland. Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project (July 1998) More Documents & Publications Environmental Justice and Public Participation Through Technology-

348

NREL: Technology Transfer - Ombuds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Transfer Ombuds Technology Transfer Ombuds NREL's Technology Transfer Ombuds offers an informal process to help resolve issues and concerns regarding the laboratory's technology partnership, patent, and licensing activities. As a designated neutral party, our ombuds provides confidential, resolution-focused services. Through the ombuds process, we encourage collaborative techniques such as mediation to facilitate the speedy and low-cost resolution of complaints and disputes, when appropriate. The NREL Ombuds does not: Handle contract negotiation or other legal issues Act as a decision maker or draw conclusions Investigate or make formal recommendations on findings of fact. The ombuds also does not replace, override, or influence formal review or appeal mechanisms, or serve as an intermediary when legal action is

349

Optimal fault location  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic goal of power system is to continuously provide electrical energy to the users. Like with any other system, failures in power system can occur. In those situations it is critical that correct remedial actions are applied as soon as possible after the accurate fault condition and location are detected. This thesis has been focusing on automated fault location procedure. Different fault location algorithms, classified according to the spatial placement of physical measurements on single ended, multiple ended and sparse system-wide, are investigated. As outcome of this review, methods are listed as function of different parameters that influence their accuracy. This comparison is than used for generating procedure for optimal fault location algorithm selection. According to available data, and position of the fault with respect to the data, proposed procedure decides between different algorithms and selects an optimal one. A new approach is developed by utilizing different data structures such as binary tree and serialization in order to efficiently implement algorithm decision engine. After accuracy of algorithms is strongly influenced by available input data, different data sources are recommended in proposed architecture such as the digital fault recorders, circuit breaker monitoring, SCADA, power system model and etc. Algorithm for determining faulted section is proposed based on the data from circuit breaker monitoring devices. This algorithm works in real time by recognizing to which sequence of events newly obtained recording belongs. Software prototype of the proposed automated fault location analysis is developed using Java programming language. Fault location analysis is automatically triggered by appearance of new event files in a specific folder. The tests were carried out using the real life transmission system as an example.

Knezev, Maja

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Vendor / Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor...

351

Vendor / Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor...

352

Faience Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Joanne Hodges. Faience Technology, Nicholson, UEE 2009Egyptian materials and technology, ed. Paul T. Nicholson,Nicholson, 2009, Faience Technology. UEE. Full Citation:

Nicholson, Paul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Technology Demonstrations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demonstrations Demonstrations Technology Demonstrations Efficient new building technologies can help meet our country's energy goals, stimulate U.S. manufacturing, create jobs, and improve the environment. However, many high-performing technologies are not readily adopted in the marketplace due to lack of information about their real-world performance. To address this gap in information, the DOE frequently supports demonstrations to assess technologies' energy performance, installation procedures, operations, and maintenance characteristics. The information from these demonstrations helps consumers make more informed decisions and helps U.S. manufacturers validate the performance of their products. Frequently Asked Questions How does DOE prioritize demonstration projects?

354

Emerging Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Simulated annealing techniques (Ref 43Stochastic search algorithms compute globally optimal designs in a manner

355

DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2002 8, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Decision Name of Petitioner: Sue Rice Gossett Date of Filing: May 25, 2001 Case Number: VBZ-0062 This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, which is codified at 10 C.F.R. Part 708. SEC is a sub-contractor of Bechtel Jacobs Corporation (BJC), the DOE's Managing Contractor at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio (Portsmouth). Gossett alleges that she engaged in activity protected by Part 708 and, as a result, was retaliated against by SEC. As discussed below, I have determined that Gossett is entitled to

356

Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

New computer technology to be applied to decision making process  

SciTech Connect

Much of what is presented here is indicative of our national trends in computing. To review and bring in the international scope at the same time, the following points are enumerated: 1. There are but few new ventures in the competition for the high performance end of the computer market. 2. The competition for the middle range of computers is very great internationally. 3. The number and varieties of minicomputers are growing at a phenomenal rate throughout the world. There is no question but that the number of manufacturers and number of systems built will continue to accelerate for some time to come. 4. In all these systems, because of rapid price decreases, memory size will increase. 5. Software is becoming more complex and will continue to do so. Most systems will be based on existing systems. 6. Peripherals will improve in performance at lower cost, but will remain of the same magnetic variety in large measure. 7. Networks are in'' today and probably will remain so for quite some time in the broad sense of the word. Computer utilities are a long way off---if every they materialize. (LMT)

Fernbach, S.

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

EIS-0279: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

79: Record of Decision 79: Record of Decision EIS-0279: Record of Decision Savannah River Site Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Final Environmental Impact Statement, Aiken, South Carolina The Savannah River Site Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Environmental Impact Statement (SRS SNF Management EIS, DOE/EIS-0279, March 2000) considered alternative ways of managing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) at DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. Based on that analysis, DOE has decided to implement the Preferred Alternative identified in the EIS. As part of the Preferred Alternative, DOE will develop and demonstrate the Melt and Dilute technology to manage about 97 percent by volume and 60 percent by mass of the aluminum-based SNF considered in the EIS (48 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM) aluminum-based SNF).

359

EIS-0279: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision Record of Decision EIS-0279: Record of Decision Savannah River Site Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Final Environmental Impact Statement, Aiken, South Carolina The Savannah River Site Spent Nuclear Fuel Management Environmental Impact Statement (SRS SNF Management EIS, DOE/EIS-0279, March 2000) considered alternative ways of managing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) at DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. Based on that analysis, DOE has decided to implement the Preferred Alternative identified in the EIS. As part of the Preferred Alternative, DOE will develop and demonstrate the Melt and Dilute technology to manage about 97 percent by volume and 60 percent by mass of the aluminum-based SNF considered in the EIS (48 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM) aluminum-based SNF).

360

EIS-0082-S2: Amended Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amended Record of Decision Amended Record of Decision EIS-0082-S2: Amended Record of Decision Savannah River Site Salt Processing Alternatives The Department of Energy (DOE), pursuant to 10 CFR 1021.315, is amending its Record of Decision: Savannah River Site Salt Processing Alternatives issued on October 17, 2001 (66 FR 52752). At that time the Department decided to implement the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) technology, one of the alternative technologies evaluated in DOE/EIS- 0082-S2 (Savannah River Site Salt Processing Alternatives Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SPA SEIS), June 2001) for separation of the high-activity fraction from the low-activity fraction of Savannah River Site (SRS) salt wastes. DOE has initiated design of the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF), which will house the CSSX technology. Now,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

test test Please refer to the list of technologies below for licensing and research collaboration availability. If you can't find the technology you're interested in, please contact us at TTD@lbl.gov. Energy ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES Aerosol Sealing Aerosol Remote Sealing System Clog-free Atomizing and Spray Drying Nozzle Air-stable Nanomaterials for Efficient OLEDs Solvent Processed Nanotube Composites OLEDS with Air-stable Structured Electrodes APIs for Online Energy Saving Tools: Home Energy Saver and EnergyIQ Carbon Dioxide Capture at a Reduced Cost Dynamic Solar Glare Blocking System Electrochromic Device Controlled by Sunlight Electrochromic Windows with Multiple-Cavity Optical Bandpass Filter Electrochromic Window Technology Portfolio Universal Electrochromic Smart Window Coating

362

Technology Search Results | Brookhaven Technology ...  

There are no technology records available that match the search query. Find a Technology. Search our technologies by categories or by keywords.

363

R:\DECISION\0084.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2003 , 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: July 1, 2002 Case Number: VBH-0084 This Decision involves a whistleblower complaint that Steven F. Collier filed under the Department of Energy's (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program. From December 1994 through February 2002, Mr. Collier was employed by Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), a subcontractor of Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), at the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site. Mr. Collier alleges that CRC and FFI management retaliated against him for activity protected under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. I. Background A. The DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee

364

R:\DECISION\0082.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Complainant also named the Regents of the University of Complainant also named the Regents of the University of California (UC) in her complaint. UC managed and operated LLNL for the United States government under a contract between the Regents of UC and the DOE. August 21, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Janet K. Benson Date of Filing: June 10, 2002 Case Number: VBA-0082 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 22, 2002, involving a Complaint filed by Janet K. Benson (Benson or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Benson claims that her former employer, Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL or the Laboratory), retaliated against her for engaging in activity

365

R:\DECISION\0086.VBA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2004 5, 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Appeal Name of Petitioner: Elaine M. Blakely Date of Filing: July 9, 2003 Case Number: VBA-0086 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on June 25, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Elaine M. Blakely (Blakely or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In her Complaint, Blakely claims that her former employer, DOE contractor Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI or the contractor), retaliated against her for engaging in activity that is protected by Part 708. In the IAD, an Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) Hearing Officer determined that Blakely engaged in activity that is protected under Part 708,

366

R:\DECISION\0007.TBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2003 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Initial Agency Decision Name of Petitioner: Gary S. Vander Boegh Date of Filing: November 20, 2002 Case Number: TBH-0007 This Initial Agency Decision involves a whistleblower complaint filed by Mr. Gary S. Vander Boegh (also referred to as the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. Mr. Vander Boegh holds the position of Landfill Manager at the C-746-U Landfill for the DOE's Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (the "Paducah Plant") located outside of Paducah, Kentucky. He is an employee of WESKEM, LLC (WESKEM), a subcontractor for Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC (BJC). BJC is the management and integration (M&I) contractor for the Paducah Plant, and WESKEM

367

R:\DECISION\0084.VBZ  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 24, 2003 September 24, 2003 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Interlocutory Order Name of Petitioner: Steven F. Collier Date of Filing: June 11, 2003 Case Number: VBZ-0084 This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 20, 2003, involving a Complaint filed by Steven F. Collier (Collier or the Complainant) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. In his Complaint, Collier claims that Fluor Fernald, Inc. (FFI), the prime contractor operating the DOE's Fernald, Ohio site and his former direct employer, Coleman Research Corporation (CRC), an FFI subcontractor, terminated him in retaliation for making disclosures that are protected under Part 708. The termination came

368

EIS-0277: Record of Decision  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Management of Certain Plutonium Residues and Scrub Alloy Stored at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (December 1998)

369

Agriculture, technology, and conflict  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conflict and agriculture have a long, shared history. The purpose of this research is to look at the relationships between agriculture, agricultural technologies, and conflict during current and recent conflicts, large scale and localized. Agriculture and its related technologies are often affected by conflict, but rarely acknowledged as a cause or solution to conflict. Literature reviews in six topic areas illustrate various facets of the relationship between agriculture and conflict. Research conducted in Santa Cruz del Quiché, Guatemala illustrates the ways farmers were impacted by the country’s civil war. It also examines farmer survival strategies during the war, and reveals the presence of minor localized conflict over water resources. Conflict over land is not a major concern at present. Market access for inputs and outputs are shown to have been a problem for a number of farmers during the civil war. The poverty of Santa Cruz farmers indicates that much could be gained by rural development. Research is unable to support the hypotheses that agricultural technologies have prevented or caused conflict in Santa Cruz del Quiché, or that they have played a large role in recovery from the country’s civil war. The author recommends that future research be undertaken in regions with a diverse set of agricultural technologies, and/or a recent history of significant technological change in agriculture. Policy recommendations include providing secure access to markets during war time, increasing capacity for home-based rural production, and continuing research into resilient crops. Finally, the author suggests that the responsible decision to develop, adopt, or introduce an agricultural technology must take into account the social consequences of that decision, including how the new technology may alleviate or contribute to conflict.

Zilverberg, Cody John

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Kernel Optimizations in SORD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kernel Optimizations in SORD Kernel Optimizations in SORD earthquake dynamic rupture code Geoffrey P. Ely Leadership Computing Facility Argonne National Laboratory MiraCon March 7, 2013 S C E C an NSF+USGS center Acknowledgements Tareq Malas King Abdullah Univ. of Science & Technology Vitali Morozov Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Karen Magerlein IBM Watson Research Center Simulation Scale Outer length scale: ~500km Inner length scale: ~50m Mesh points: ~10 12 Spatial Derivatives f (⇠) = n X ↵, , =0 N ↵ (⇠)f ↵ rf = @f @⇠ · J 1 x y z ⇠ ⌘ ⇣ Equations of Motion Viscoelastic Solid (Kelvin-Voigt Model) Free surface boundary condition ¨ u = 1 ⇢ r · g = r(u + ˙ u) = trace(g) + µ(g + g T ) ⇢ density , µ elastic moduli viscosity u displacement stress tensor ⌧ = · ˆ n = 0 ! Kernel with 12 Streams do l = 1, 400 do k = 1, 400

371

Optimization Online - Robust Optimization Submissions - 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sanjay Mehrotra, He Zhang. Robust Energy Cost Optimization of Water Distribution System with Uncertain Demand Alexander Goryashko, Arkadi Nemirovski.

372

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mariano Beguerisse-Díaz, Baojun Wang, Radhika Desikan, Mauricio Barahona. Unconstrained Optimization Globally Convergent Evolution Strategies and ...

373

Optimization Online - Robust Optimization Submissions - 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust Optimization Submissions - 2013. January 2013. Robust Least Square Semidefinite Programming with Applications to Correlation Stress Testing

374

Technology Search Results | Brookhaven Technology ...  

BSA 08-04: High Temperature Interfacial Superconductivity; Find a Technology. Search our technologies by categories or by keywords. Search ...

375

Technology Search Results | Brookhaven Technology ...  

Staff Directory; BNL People Technology Commercialization & Partnerships. Home; For BNL Inventors; ... a nonprofit applied science and technology organization. ...

376

Technology Search Results | Brookhaven Technology ...  

Non-Noble Metal Water Electrolysis Catalysts; Find a Technology. Search our technologies by categories or by keywords. Search ...

377

Technology Search Results | Brookhaven Technology ...  

Receive Technology Updates. Get email notifications about new or improved technologies in your area of interest. Subscribe »

378

Smart-Swaps - A decision support system for multicriteria decision analysis with the even swaps method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new web-based decision support tool called Smart-Swaps to support multicriteria decision analysis. The decision maker's preferences are elicited with the even swaps method, which is an elimination process based on value trade-offs. ... Keywords: Even swaps, Multicriteria decision analysis, Multicriteria decision support systems, Preference programming, Trade-offs

Jyri Mustajoki; Raimo P. Hämäläinen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Decision Analysis Tool to Compare Energy Pathways for Transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, oil imports, and energy costs, a wide variety of automotive technologies are proposed to replace the traditional gasoline-powered internal combustion engine (g-ICE). A prototype model, Analytica Transportation Energy Analysis Model (ATEAM), has been developed using the Analytica decision modeling environment, visualizing the structure as a hierarchy of influence diagrams. The report summarized the FY2010 ATEAM accomplishments.

Bloyd, Cary N.; Stork, Kevin

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Online Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to create an internet-based Water Treatment Technology Catalog and Decision Tool that will increase production, decrease costs and enhance environmental protection. This is to be accomplished by pairing an operator's water treatment cost and capacity needs to specific water treatments. This project cataloged existing and emerging produced water treatment technologies and allows operators to identify the most cost-effective approaches for managing their produced water. The tool captures the cost and capabilities of each technology and the disposal and beneficial use options for each region. The tool then takes location, chemical composition, and volumetric data for the operator's water and identifies the most cost effective treatment options for that water. Regulatory requirements or limitations for each location are also addressed. The Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool efficiently matches industry decision makers in unconventional natural gas basins with: 1) appropriate and applicable water treatment technologies for their project, 2) relevant information on regulatory and legal issues that may impact the success of their project, and 3) potential beneficial use demands specific to their project area. To ensure the success of this project, it was segmented into seven tasks conducted in three phases over a three year period. The tasks were overseen by a Project Advisory Council (PAC) made up of stakeholders including state and federal agency representatives and industry representatives. ALL Consulting has made the catalog and decision tool available on the Internet for the final year of the project. The second quarter of the second budget period, work was halted based on the February 18, 2011 budget availability; however previous project deliverables were submitted on time and the deliverables for Task 6 and 7 were completed ahead of schedule. Thus the application and catalog were deployed to the public Internet. NETL did not provide additional funds and work on the project stopped on February 18, 2011. NETL ended the project on March 31, 2012.

J. Arthur

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Technology Bulletins Technology Bulletins to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Technology Bulletins on AddThis.com... Technology Bulletins The Alternative Fuels Data Center provides technology bulletins to inform transportation industry decision makers about technological breakthroughs, issues, and news about alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. For more information, read: E15 Approved for Use in 2001 and Newer Vehicles Updated 2/11

382

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Please refer to the list of technologies below for licensing and research Please refer to the list of technologies below for licensing and research collaboration availability. If you can't find the technology you're interested in, please contact us at TTD@lbl.gov. Biotechnology and Medicine DIAGNOSTICS AND THERAPEUTICS CANCER CANCER PROGNOSTICS 14-3-3 Sigma as a Biomarker of Basal Breast Cancer ANXA9: A Therapeutic Target and Predictive Marker for Early Detection of Aggressive Breast Cancer Biomarkers for Predicting Breast Cancer Patient Response to PARP Inhibitors Breast Cancer Recurrence Risk Analysis Using Selected Gene Expression Comprehensive Prognostic Markers and Therapeutic Targets for Drug-Resistant Breast Cancers Diagnostic Test to Personalize Therapy Using Platinum-based Anticancer Drugs Early Detection of Metastatic Cancer Progenitor Cells

383

MHK Technologies/Centipod | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Centipod Centipod < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Centipod.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Ecomerit Technologies LLC see Dehlsen Associates LLC Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Centipod ocean wave generating system a horizontally stable floating platform optimally yawed active to wavefront exposure has flotation pods driving hydraulic rams Fluid drives the hydroelectric generating system providing cost competitive electric power Mooring Configuration Proprietary Technology Dimensions Device Testing

384

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software and Information Technologies Software and Information Technologies Algorithm for Correcting Detector Nonlinearites Chatelet: More Accurate Modeling for Oil, Gas or Geothermal Well Production Collective Memory Transfers for Multi-Core Processors Energy Efficiency Software EnergyPlus:Energy Simulation Software for Buildings Tools, Guides and Software to Support the Design and Operation of Energy Efficient Buildings Flexible Bandwidth Reservations for Data Transfer Genomic and Proteomic Software LABELIT - Software for Macromolecular Diffraction Data Processing PHENIX - Software for Computational Crystallography Vista/AVID: Visualization and Allignment Software for Comparative Genomics Geophysical Software Accurate Identification, Imaging, and Monitoring of Fluid Saturated Underground Reservoirs

385

2010 - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimum wight Topology optimization subject to unsteady heat equation and space-time pointwise ... Optimal adaptive control of cascading power grid failures

386

Performance and Optimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1-800-66-NERSC, option 3 or 510-486-8611 Home For Users Computational Systems Edison Performance and Optimization Performance and Optimization Note: all the performance...

387

CHAMPION: Intelligent Hierarchical Reasoning Agents for Enhanced Decision Support  

SciTech Connect

We describe the design and development of an advanced reasoning framework employing semantic technologies, organized within a hierarchy of computational reasoning agents that interpret domain specific information. Designed based on an inspirational metaphor of the pattern recognition functions performed by the human neocortex, the CHAMPION reasoning framework represents a new computational modeling approach that derives invariant knowledge representations through memory-prediction belief propagation processes that are driven by formal ontological language specification and semantic technologies. The CHAMPION framework shows promise for enhancing complex decision making in diverse problem domains including cyber security, nonproliferation and energy consumption analysis.

Hohimer, Ryan E.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F.; Strasburg, Jana D.

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Technology Performance Exchange | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance Exchange Performance Exchange Technology Performance Exchange A collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program Office and the Building Technologies Office, the Technology Performance Exchange will establish a Web-based portal and accompanying database that allows technology suppliers to submit product performance data that private and public sector end users can use to make fact-based procurement decisions. Suppliers will populate the database with technologies that affect building activities, including construction, commissioning, maintenance, monitoring, equipment, and verification. This project will help the U.S. energy efficiency technology market by providing objective product performance data to building engineers and

389

Learning and intelligent optimization (LION): one ring to rule them all  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Almost by definition, optimization is a source of a tremendous power for automatically improving processes, decisions, products and services. But its potential is still largely unexploited in most real-world contexts. One of the main reasons blocking ...

Mauro Brunato, Roberto Battiti

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Network-Level Reliability-Based Bridge Inspection, Maintenance and Replacement Optimization Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance and inspection, led to the development of bridge management systemsmaintenance and rehabilitation decisions. Experience with infrastructure management systemsManagement System (PMS) to optimize pavement rehabilitation expenditures has saved over $200 million in maintenance and

Robelin, Charles-Antoine; Madanat, S M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Decision support system in physical education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanized industry has been changed with the development of modern technologies such as: information technology (micro-elecronics, computers, telecommunications, robotics), laser technology, technology of new materials, nuclear technology, space exploring ... Keywords: eduacation, information technology, physical education, software engineering

Danimir Mandic; Dragan Martinovic; Nenad Lalic; Veljko Bandjur

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dynamic Decision Making for Graphical Models Applied to Oil Exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for sequential decision making in problems described by graphical models. The setting is given by dependent discrete random variables with associated costs or revenues. In our examples, the dependent variables are the potential outcomes (oil, gas or dry) when drilling a petroleum well. The goal is to develop an optimal selection strategy that incorporates a chosen utility function within an approximated dynamic programming scheme. We propose and compare different approximations, from simple heuristics to more complex iterative schemes, and we discuss their computational properties. We apply our strategies to oil exploration over multiple prospects modeled by a directed acyclic graph, and to a reservoir drilling decision problem modeled by a Markov random field. The results show that the suggested strategies clearly improve the simpler intuitive constructions, and this is useful when selecting exploration policies.

Martinelli, Gabriele; Hauge, Ragnar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0018 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Thomas T. Tiller v. Wackenhut Services, Inc.; Washington, D.C. Case No. VWA-0018 Final Decision and Order Issued by the Deputy Secretary of Energy Issued February 2, 1999 * The original of this document contains information which is subject to withholding from disclosure under 5 U.S.C. 552. Such material has been deleted from this copy and replaced with XXXXXXX's. This is a request for review by complainant Thomas T. Tiller of an Initial Agency Decision, issued by the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA), denying the two reprisal complaints that he filed pursuant to 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the regulation establishing the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. Mr. Tiller was employed by Wackenhut Services, Inc. (Wackenhut), a DOE contractor that provides paramilitary security support services at DOE's Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina.

394

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0010 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant HOWARD W. SPALETTA, Complainant v. EG&G IDAHO, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No. LWA-0010 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Howard W. Spaletta from the Initial Agency Decision by the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that the complainant, an engineer formerly employed by EG&G Idaho, Inc. (EG&G), previously the DOE's management and operating contractor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), had established by a preponderance of the evidence that he suffered reprisal as a result of his protected safety disclosures, and ordering back pay and other remedial actions. However, OHA declined to grant the complainant certain further relief that he sought, and rejected his claim that his

395

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming VWA-0008 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C. LAWRENCE CORNETT, ) ) Complainant, ) ) v. ) OHA Case No. VWA-0007 ) VWA-0008 MARIA ELENA TORAÑO ASSOCIATES, INC.) ) Respondent. ) FINAL AGENCY DECISION This is a request for review by Maria Elena Torano Associates, Inc. ("META"), a DOE contractor responsible for reviewing and revising the agency's waste management programmatic environmental impact statement ("PEIS"), of the Initial Agency Decision of the Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") finding that Complainant C. Lawrence Cornett established that he had made protected health and safety disclosures under 10 C.F.R. Part 708 and that these disclosures were a contributing factor in his termination and finding further that META had not demonstrated that he would have been terminated absent the disclosures. R.

396

Deputy Secretary Decision Affirming LWA-0005 Decision and Order  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant FRANCIS M. O'LAUGHLIN, Complainant v. BOEING PETROLEUM SERVICES, INC., Respondent. OHA Case No.LWA-0005 FINAL DECISION AND ORDER This is an appeal by complainant Francis O'Laughlin of the Initial Agency Decision by an Office of Hearings and Appeals ("OHA") Hearing Officer who found, following two days of hearings, that the complainant had not satisfied his burden of establishing by a preponderance of the evidence that he made protected safety disclosures to respondent Boeing Petroleum Services, Inc., a contractor of the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve, as required by 10 C.F.R. Part 708. On appeal, the complainant challenges the Hearing Officer's finding that he had not met his burden of showing that he had made

397

storage (CCS) technologies. CCSI will util  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(CCS) technologies. CCSI will utilize a software infrastructure (CCS) technologies. CCSI will utilize a software infrastructure to accelerate the development and deployment of new, cost-effective CCS technologies. This will be achieved by identifying promising concepts through rapid computational screening of devices and processes; reducing the time and expense to design and troubleshoot new devices and processes through science-based optimal designs;

398

NETL: Deepwater Technology Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deepwater Technology Deepwater Technology Deepwater Technology Offshore Architecture | Safety & Environmental | Other UDW Technology | Completed DW Projects Project Number Project Name Primary Performer 10121-4306-01 All Electric Subsea Autonomous High Integrity Pressure Protection System (HIPPS) Architecture GE Global Research 10121-4401-02 Ultra-Deepwater Riser Concepts for High Motion Vessels Stress Engineering Services, Inc. 10121-4405-02 Ultra-deepwater Dry Tree System for Drilling and Production in the Gulf of Mexico Det Norske Veritas 10121-4505-01 Coil Tubing Drilling and Intervention System Using Cost Effective Vessel Nautilus International, LLC 09121-3500-01 Intelligent Production System for Ultra-Deepwater with Short Hop Wireless Power and Wireless Data Transfer for Lateral Production Control and Optimization

399

A watershed-scale design optimization model for stormwater best management practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed a decision-support system, System for Urban Stormwater Treatment and Analysis Integration (SUSTAIN), to evaluate alternative plans for stormwater quality management and flow abatement techniques in urban ... Keywords: BMP modeling, Best management practices (BMPs), Cost-effectiveness, Decision-support system, Design optimization model, Green infrastructure (GI), Low impact development (LID), Stormwater management

Joong Gwang Lee; Ariamalar Selvakumar; Khalid Alvi; John Riverson; Jenny X. Zhen; Leslie Shoemaker; Fu-Hsiung Lai

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Bacterial Foraging Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bacterial foraging optimization BFO algorithm mimics how bacteria forage over a landscape of nutrients to perform parallel nongradient optimization. In this article, the author provides a tutorial on BFO, including an overview of the biology of bacterial ... Keywords: Bacteria Foraging, Bacteria Foraging Optimization, Bacteria Motility, Control, Distributed Control, Optimization

Kevin M. Passino

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Logistics tool selection with two-phase fuzzy multi criteria decision making: A case study for personal digital assistant selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient logistics and supply chain management are enabled through the use of efficient information technologies (IT). The mobile logistics tools represent the IT interface in the supply chain. This paper aims to aid decision makers to identify the ... Keywords: Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy TOPSIS, Fuzzy axiomatic design, Group decision-making, Logistics industry, Logistics tool selection

Gülçin Büyüközkan; Jbid Arsenyan; Da Ruan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Case study: Improving debt collection processes using rule-based decision engines: A case study of Capital One  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case assesses the plethora of issues related to rule-based decision engine technology, and in particular, its role in complex and dynamic organizational processes. This paper argues rule-based engines can effectively be implemented for good organizational ... Keywords: Capital One, Debt collection, Project Edison, Rule-based decision, Rule-based engine

Amita Goyal Chin; Hiren Kotak

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Evaluation of multi-attribute decision making systems applied during the concept design of new microplasma devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various multi-attribute decision making (MADM) systems can be implemented to narrow a field of new concept designs down to those with high likelihoods of surpassing state-of-the-art technologies. This research investigated the conceptual design phase ... Keywords: AHP, Concept design tools, Design process(es), Engineering design, GRA, MADM, Multi-attribute decision making, New product development, Pugh, QFD, UBAF

Elizabeth Lennon, John Farr, Ronald Besser

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Sources and Beam Technologies Ion Sources and Beam Technologies GENERATORS AND DETECTORS Compact, Safe and Energy Efficient Neutron Generator Fast Pulsed Neutron Generator High Energy Gamma Generator Lithium-Drifted Silicon Detector with Segmented Contacts Low Power, High Energy Gamma Ray Detector Calibration Device Nested Type Coaxial Neutron Generator Neutron and Proton Generators: Cylindrical Neutron Generator with Nested Option, IB-1764 Neutron-based System for Nondestructive Imaging, IB-1794 Mini Neutron Tube, IB-1793a Ultra-short Ion and Neutron Pulse Production, IB-1707 Mini Neutron Generator, IB-1793b Compact Spherical Neutron Generator, IB-1675 Plasma-Driven Neutron/Gamma Generators Portable, Low-cost Gamma Source for Active Interrogation ION SOURCES WITH ANTENNAS External Antenna for Ion Sources

405

Use of probabilistic inversion to model qualitative expert input when selecting a new nuclear reactor technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Complex investment decisions by corporate executives often require the comparison of dissimilar attributes and competing technologies. A technique to evaluate qualitative input from experts… (more)

Merritt, Charles R., Jr.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Power Plant Optimization Demonstration Projects Cover Photos:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 SEPTEMBER 2007 5 SEPTEMBER 2007 Power Plant Optimization Demonstration Projects Cover Photos: * Top left: Coal Creek Station * Top right: Big Bend Power Station * Bottom left: Baldwin Energy Complex * Bottom right: Limestone Power Plant A report on four projects conducted under separate cooperative agreements between the U.S. Department of Energy and: * Great River Energy * Tampa Electric Company * Pegasus Technologies * NeuCo. , Inc.  Power Plant Optimization Demonstration Projects Executive Summary .......................................................................................4 Background: Power Plant Optimization ......................................................5 Lignite Fuel Enhancement Project ...............................................................8

407

Available Technologies  

The technology’s subnanometer resolution is a result of superior ... Additional R&D will be required ... U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY • OFFICE OF SCIENCE ...

408

Tools & Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

We provide leadership for transforming workforce development through the power of technology. It develops corporate educational technology policy and enables the use of learning tools and...

409

R:\DECISION\0002.TBU  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2002 7, 2002 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: Mark J. Chugg Date of Filing: October 9, 2002 Case Number: TBU-0002 Mark J. Chugg, a former employee of Bechtel BWXT Idaho (BWXT), a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, appeals the dismissal of his whistleblower complaint filed under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. BWXT is the Management and Operating contractor for the Department of Energy at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). On September 30, 2002, the Employee Concerns Program Manager at the DOE's Idaho Operations Office (DOE/ID) dismissed Mr. Chugg's complaint. As explained below, I reverse the dismissal of the subject complaint, and remand the matter to DOE/ID for further

410

R:\DECISION\0083.VBH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2004 1, 2004 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Initial Agency Decision Name of Case: S.R. Davis Date of Filing: August 7, 2003 Case Number: VBH-0083 S.R. Davis (the Employee) filed a complaint against her former employer, Fluor Fernald, Inc. (the Contractor) under the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee Protection Program, 10 C.F.R. Part 708. The Employee alleges that she engaged in protected activity and that the Contractor retaliated by subjecting her to two disciplinary actions, a job transfer, and ultimately a separation pursuant to an involuntary separation program. The Employee seeks relief including reinstatement and back-pay. As the decision below indicates, I have concluded that the Contractor would have taken the same actions in the absence of

411

R:\DECISION\0083.VBU  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 21, 2001 Complaint is not at issue in the present case. June 21, 2001 Complaint is not at issue in the present case. March 2, 2004 DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Decision of the Director Name of Petitioner: S. R. Davis Date of Filing: February 6, 2004 Case Number: VBU-0083 S. R. Davis, a former employee of Fluor Fernald, Inc. (Fluor), a Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, appeals the DOE Ohio Field Office's (OFO) dismissal of the whistleblower complaint against Fluor she filed under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program. As explained below, I am affirming OFO's dismissal of the subject complaint. I. BACKGROUND A. The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program The DOE's Contractor Employee Protection Program was established to safeguard "public and employee

412

Decision support for financial forecasting  

SciTech Connect

A primary mission of the Budget Management Division of the Air Force is fiscal analysis. This involves formulating, justifying, and tracking financial data during budget preparation and execution. An essential requirement of this process is the ready availability and easy manipulation of past and current budget data. This necessitates the decentralization of the data. A prototypical system, BAFS (Budget Analysis and Forecasting System), that provides such a capability is presented. In its current state, the system is designed to be a decision support tool. A brief report of the budget decisions and activities is presented. The system structure and its major components are discussed. An insight into the implementation strategies and the tool used is provided. The paper concludes with a discussion of future enhancements and the system's evolution into an expert system. 4 refs., 3 figs.

Jairam, B.N.; Morris, J.D.; Emrich, M.L.; Hardee, H.K.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Development of an Hourly Optimization Tool for Renewable Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

An hourly optimization tool is developed to select and size renewable energy (RE) systems to meet the energy needs for various federal facilities. The optimization is based on life cost analysis of various RE technologies including wind and PV systems. The developed hourly optimization tool is used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of RE technologies using complex energy and demand charges such time-of-use (TOU) rates. The paper compares results obtained using hourly analysis instead of annual based calculations to optimize the sizing of RE systems for residential, commercial, and industrial facilities in three representative US climates.

Lee, C.; Walker, A.; Krarti, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Definition: Customer Electricity Use Optimization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Customer Electricity Use Optimization Customer Electricity Use Optimization Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Customer Electricity Use Optimization Customer electricity use optimization is possible if customers are provided with information to make educated decisions about their electricity use. Customers could be able to optimize toward multiple goals such as cost, reliability, convenience, and environmental impact.[1] Also Known As Energy conservation Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Customer_Electricity_Use_Optimization&oldid=480282" Categories: Definitions

415

Corn Replant Decision-Making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crappy stands of corn (aka less than desirable) occur somewhere in Indiana every year. The recent spate of cool, rainy days does not bode well for some corn fields planted during the days immediately preceding the onset of the rainy weather. Stands of corn in river bottoms may be destroyed outright by flood waters. Poorly drained soils where ponding has occurred for four or more days are vulnerable to seedling death. Eventual drying of saturated soils often leads to severe crusting that can restrict corn emergence and result in lower than desirable plant populations. Cool, wet soils are also conducive for seedling infection by certain soil-borne diseases. Unacceptable stand establishment in some of these fields may eventually require growers to make decisions about replanting. Deciding to replant a crappy stand of corn should be based on a number of criteria, but unfortunately the major influencing factor is often the emotion associated with looking out the kitchen window at the damaged field every morning or driving by the field every afternoon taking the kids to baseball practice. Make a wise decision about the merits of replanting a damaged field of corn requires more than emotions. In fact, I would rather that emotions be taken out of the equation entirely. Toward that end, I developed a replant decision-making worksheet that assists growers and farm managers in making that important replant decision. The worksheet allows you to determine the damaged field’s current yield potential (if left untouched), its replant yield potential, and the dollar returns (if any) from replanting the field. The worksheet is included in a larger overall publication on corn replanting titled

R. L. (bob Nielsen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Integrated Decision Algorithms for Auto-steered Electric Transmission System Asset Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric power transmission systems are comprised of a large number of physical assets, including transmission lines, power transformers, and circuit breakers, that are capital-intensive, highly distributed, and may fail. Managing these assets under ... Keywords: Benders decomposition, asset management, condition monitoring, decision algorithms, electric transmission, optimization, service-oriented architecture, software-hardware

James Mccalley; Vasant Honavar; Sarah Ryan; William Meeker; Daji Qiao; Ron Roberts; Yuan Li; Jyotishman Pathak; Mujing Ye; Yili Hong

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) A concise public document that records a Federal agency's decision(s) concerning a proposed action for which the agency has prepared an environmental impact statement (See CEQ and DOE NEPA regulations at 40 CFR 1505.2 and 10 CFR 1021.315, respectively). If you have any trouble finding a specific document, please contact AskNEPA@hq.doe.gov for assistance. Documents Available for Download April 12, 1995 EIS-0082: Record of Decision Defense Waste Processing Facility at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina February 22, 1995 EIS-0219: Record of Decision Stabilization of Plutonium Solutions Stored in the F- Canyon Facility at the Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC February 22, 1995 EIS-0219: Record of Decision

418

Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Emergency Management Decision Making during Severe Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency managers make time-sensitive decisions in order to protect the public from threats including severe weather. Simulation and questionnaires were used to capture the decision-making process of emergency managers during severe weather ...

Leigh A. Baumgart; Ellen J. Bass; Brenda Philips; Kevin Kloesel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fact Sheet: ES-Select - A Decision Support Tool (October 2012) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ES-Select - A Decision Support Tool (October 2012) ES-Select - A Decision Support Tool (October 2012) Fact Sheet: ES-Select - A Decision Support Tool (October 2012) DNV KEMA developed the Energy Storage Select (ES-Select) decision-support tool to help users identify feasible energy storage technology options as well as provide the probability of reaching a payback point and the statistical distribution of the payback year. It is a sophisticated, highly interactive model that offers a means to conduct careful analysis of the many interrelated factors that influence energy storage performance. Fact Sheet: ES-Select - A Decision Support Tool (October 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review and Update Meeting Energy Storage Systems 2012 Peer Review Presentations - Poster Session 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Session: Reservoir Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five papers: ''Reservoir Technology'' by Joel L. Renner; ''LBL Research on the Geysers: Conceptual Models, Simulation and Monitoring Studies'' by Gudmundur S. Bodvarsson; ''Geothermal Geophysical Research in Electrical Methods at UURI'' by Philip E. Wannamaker; ''Optimizing Reinjection Strategy at Palinpinon, Philippines Based on Chloride Data'' by Roland N. Horne; ''TETRAD Reservoir Simulation'' by G. Michael Shook

Renner, Joel L.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Horne, Roland N.; Shook, G. Michael

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Optimization Online - Benchmark of Some Nonsmooth Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2006 ... Benchmark of Some Nonsmooth Optimization Solvers for Computing Nonconvex Proximal Points. Warren Hare (whare ***at*** cecm.sfu.ca)

423

Optimization Online - Robust Optimization Submissions - 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Exact Algorithm for Power Grid Interdiction Problem with Line Switching Long Zhao, Bo Zeng. An Exact Algorithm for Two-stage Robust Optimization with ...

424

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of running strategies based on anaerobic energy and variations of velocity. Amandine Aftalion, J. Frédéric Bonnans. Convergence Analysis of DC ...

425

Optimization Online - Energy Security: a robust optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 9, 2010 ... Energy Security: a robust optimization approach to design a robust European energy supply via TIAM. F Babonneau(fbabonneau ***at*** ...

426

Optimization Online - Projection methods in conic optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 8, 2011 ... Citation: To appear as a contributed chapter of "Handbook of Semidefinite, Cone and Polynomial Optimization" edited by M. Anjos and J. B. ...

427

Optimization Online - Python Optimization Modeling Objects (Pyomo)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 24, 2008 ... sandia.gov). Abstract: We describe Pyomo, an open-source tool for modeling optimization applications in Python. Pyomo can be used to define ...

428

Optimization Online - Python Optimization Modeling Objects (Pyomo)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 30, 2009 ... Python Optimization Modeling Objects (Pyomo). William Hart(wehart ***at*** sandia.gov) Jean-Paul Watson(jwatson ***at*** sandia.gov)

429

Jose M. Ortega  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology This Speaker's Seminars Design Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty - A Bayesian Optimal Decision Framework...

430

Spatial decision support system for land assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: GIS, agriculture planning, artificial intelligence, decision support system, expert system, geoinformatics, geoinformation system, land evaluation, land use planning

Cláudio Chauke Nehme; Margareth Simões

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Summary of Decisions - July 9 - 13, 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Decisions were issued on: - Freedom of Information Act Appeal - Personnel Security (10 CFR Part 710) - Application for Exception

432

Generating Alternatives Using Simulation-Optimization Combined with Niching Operators to Address Unmodelled Objectives in a Waste Management Facility Expansion Planning Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Public sector decision-making typically involves complex problems that are riddled with incompatible performance objectives and possess competing design requirements which are very difficult-if not impossible-to quantify and capture when supporting decision ... Keywords: Environmental Decision Making Under Uncertainty, Modelling to Generate Alternatives MGA, Niching Operators, Planning, Simulation-Optimization SO, Strategy

Julian Scott Yeomans, Yavuz Gunalay

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Federal Energy Management Program: New and Underutilized Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Center Cooling System Air Distribution Optimization to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: New and Underutilized Technology: Data Center Cooling System...

434

Improving Pouring Technology of Large Steel Castings by Using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Modeling of Centrifugally Cast HSS Rolls · Numerical Simulation of Electro-magnetic Turbulent Inhibitor Technology in a Tundish · Optimizing the ...

435

Vehicle Technologies Office: Vehicle Technologies Office Organization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization and Contacts Organization Chart for the Vehicle Technologies Program Fuel Technologies and Deployment, Technology Managers Advanced Combustion Engines, Technology...

436

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Technology Validation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Information Technology Validation Search Search Help Technology Validation EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Technology Validation Printable Version Share this resource...

437

Assessment of Wireless Technologies for Advanced Automation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power industry is seeing a resurgence of interest in advanced automation and customer communications. A variety of wireless technologies are becoming available that could be used in advanced automation applications for utilities. However, decisions on physical media infrastructure should be made cautiously since use of these technologies may directly impact system performance, reliability, and long-term costs. This report is a preliminary analysis of some of the leading wireless technologies that are...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

438

Technology Innovations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Learning by Doing; Rev. Econ. Studies 1962, 29, 155-173. 26. Yelle, L.E. The Learning Curve: Historical Review and Comprehensive Survey; Decision Sci. 1979, 10,...

439

Pricing Decision of Mergers and Acquisitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the process of M&A, the first thing that both the buyer and seller should to do is making the M&A decision. Such decision depends on the valuation of the target corporation. This paper analyses both buyer and seller's judgements of the target ... Keywords: Mergers and Acquisition, value of the corporation, price decision

Xin-qing Luo

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Decision Theory, Intelligent Planning and Counterfactuals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ontology of decision theory has been subject to considerable debate in the past, and discussion of just how we ought to view decision problems has revealed more than one interesting problem, as well as suggested some novel modifications of classical ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Bayesianism, Causality, Conditionals, Counterfactuals, Decision theory, Deliberation, Planning, Probabilities, Rationality, Utility

Michael John Shaffer

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Goal Driven Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost over a multiperiod planning horizon, which corresponds to decision makers ...... approach to stochastic programming of heating oil, Management Science 4, ...

442

View - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This shows that human decision makers need information ...... [27] Wohlmuth, Barbara I. and Hoppe, Ronald H. W. A comparison of a posteriori error estimators

443

Chemistry - Technology Transfer: Available Technologies  

Please refer to the list of technologies below for licensing and research collaboration availability. If you can't find the technology you ...

444

Technology Analysis - Heavy Vehicle Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the GPRA benefits estimates for EERE's Vehicle Technologies Program's heavy vehicle technology research activities. Argonne researchers develop the benefits analysis using four...

445

Optimal Carbon Capture and Storage policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the IPCC's report (2005), which recommended the development and the use of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies in order to achieve the environmental goals, de ned by the Kyoto Protocol, the issue addressed in this paper concerns the optimal strategy regarding the long-term use of CCS technologies. The aim of this paper is to study the optimal carbon capture and sequestration policy. The CCS technologies has motivated a number of empirical studies, via complex integrated assessment models. This literature always considers that the existing technology allows sequestrating a fraction of the carbon emissions and concludes that the early introduction of sequestration can lead to a substantial decrease in the cost of environmental externality. But, the level of complexity of such operational models, aimed at de ning some speci c climate policies. We develop a very simple growth model so as to obtain analytical and tractable results and therefore exhibit the main driving forces that should determine the optimal CSS policy. We show within this stylized framework that, under some conditions on the cost of extractions, CSS may be a long-term solution for the carbon emissions problem. Besides, it is also shown that the social planner will optimally choose to decrease the rate of capture and sequestration. Besides, we also introduce the decentralization of this simple economy, by considering the individual program of the fossil resource-holder and the one of the representative consumer. This helps us to compute analytically the optimal environmental policy, that is the optimal tax scheme, and also the optimal fossil fuel price pro le.

Alain Ayong; Le Kama; Mouez Fodha; Gilles La Orgue

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Available Technologies  

Energy Storage and Recovery; Renewable Energy; Environmental Technologies. Monitoring and Imaging; Remediation; Modeling; Imaging & Lasers.

447

Available Technologies  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Thermal management for: microelectronic devices; solar cells and solar energy management systems ; refrigerators

448

Simulation and Optimization of Wind Farm Operations under Stochastic Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation develops a new methodology and associated solution tools to achieve optimal operations and maintenance strategies for wind turbines, helping reduce operational costs and enhance the marketability of wind generation. The integrated framework proposed includes two optimization models for enabling decision support capability, and one discrete event-based simulation model that characterizes the dynamic operations of wind power systems. The problems in the optimization models are formulated as a partially observed Markov decision process to determine an optimal action based on a wind turbine's health status and the stochastic weather conditions. The rst optimization model uses homogeneous parameters with an assumption of stationary weather characteristics over the decision horizon. We derive a set of closed-form expressions for the optimal policy and explore the policy's monotonicity. The second model allows time-varying weather conditions and other practical aspects. Consequently, the resulting strategy are season-dependent. The model is solved using a backward dynamic programming method. The bene ts of the optimal policy are highlighted via a case study that is based upon eld data from the literature and industry. We nd that the optimal policy provides options for cost-e ective actions, because it can be adapted to a variety of operating conditions. Our discrete event-based simulation model incorporates critical components, such as a wind turbine degradation model, power generation model, wind speed model, and maintenance model. We provide practical insights gained by examining di erent maintenance strategies. To the best of our knowledge, our simulation model is the rst discrete-event simulation model for wind farm operations. Last, we present the integration framework, which incorporates the optimization results in the simulation model. Preliminary results reveal that the integrated model has the potential to provide practical guidelines that can reduce the operation costs as well as enhance the marketability of wind energy.

Byon, Eunshin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

EIS-0410: Record of Decision | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

here Home EIS-0410: Record of Decision EIS-0410: Record of Decision Keystone Oil Pipeline Project Record of Decision for the Western Area Power Administration to modify three...

450

EIS-0229: Amended Record of Decision (April 2002) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decision (April 2002) EIS-0229: Amended Record of Decision (April 2002) Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program Amended Record of Decision: The U.S. Department of Energy's National...

451

Optimal expansion of competence sets with multilevel skills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of competence set expansion is to find an optimal expansion process at the minimal cost and then obtain the required competence set from the acquired competence set to solve a problem. Several models have been proposed to address the competence ... Keywords: Competence set, Decision making, Multiple solutions

Jung-Fa Tsai; Pei-Chun Wang; Ming-Hua Lin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Optimal Project Feature Weights in Analogy-Based Cost Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Project Feature Weights in Analogy-Based Cost Estimation: Improvement and Limitations, IEEE Abstract--Cost estimation is a vital task in most important software project decisions as measured by standard metrics. Index Terms--Software cost estimation, analogy-based cost estimation, project

453

Hybrid search algorithm to optimize scheduling problems for TCPN models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scheduling of manufacturing or logistic processes takes high importance as a key factor to improve competitiveness in industrial systems. The state space analysis of Timed Coloured Petri Nets is an accepted simulation-optimization approach which suffers ... Keywords: decision support systems, discrete event systems, scheduling, state space, timed coloured Petri nets

Miguel Mujica; Miquel Angel Piera

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

System level optimization and design space exploration for low power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a software tool for power dissipation analysis and optimization on the algorithmic abstraction level from C/C++ and VHDL descriptions. An analysis is most efficient on such a high level since the influence of design decisions on the power ...

Ansgar Stammermann; Lars Kruse; Wolfgang Nebel; Alexander Pratsch; Eike Schmidt; Milan Schulte; Arne Schulz

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Analysis of traffic accident severity using Decision Rules via Decision Trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Decision Tree (DT) is a potential method for studying traffic accident severity. One of its main advantages is that Decision Rules (DRs) can be extracted from its structure. And these DRs can be used to identify safety problems and establish certain ... Keywords: Decision Rules, Decision Trees, Road safety, Severity, Traffic accident

JoaquíN AbelláN, Griselda LóPez, Juan De OñA

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Decision trees with AND, OR queries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate decision trees in which one is allowed to query threshold functions of subsets of variables. We are mainly interested in the case where only queries of AND and OR are allowed. This model is a generalization of the classical decision tree ... Keywords: AND, OR queries, Boolean functions, CRCW PRAM machines, Ethernet channel, complexity, computational complexity, copy computation, decision theory, decision trees, depth-three circuits, determinism, direct sum problem, nondeterminism, parallel time, query threshold functions, random processes, randomization, required decision tree depth, size complexity, threshold-k function, tight lower bound, trees (mathematics), variable subsets

Y. Ben-Asher; I. Newman

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 26, 1996 December 26, 1996 EIS-0236: Record of Decision Record of Decision Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management December 13, 1996 EIS-0243: Record of Decision (December 1996) Environmental Impact Statement for the Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada November 8, 1996 EIS-0197: Record of Decision (November 1996) Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement October 17, 1996 EIS-0241: Record of Decision Hood River Fisheries Project, Hood River County, Oregon September 17, 1996 EIS-0249: Record of Decision (September 1996) Medical Isotopes Production Project: Molybdenum-99 and Related Isotopes September 13, 1996 EIS-0220: Supplemental Record of Decision Interim Management of Nuclear Materials at the Savannah River Site

458

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) Record of Decision (ROD) A concise public document that records a Federal agency's decision(s) concerning a proposed action for which the agency has prepared an environmental impact statement (See CEQ and DOE NEPA regulations at 40 CFR 1505.2 and 10 CFR 1021.315, respectively). If you have any trouble finding a specific document, please contact AskNEPA@hq.doe.gov for assistance. Documents Available for Download January 10, 2014 EIS-0464: Record of Decision Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, Lake Charles, Louisiana and Brazoria County, Texas December 13, 2013 EIS-0391: Record of Decision Final Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement for the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington October 1, 2013

459

Record of Decision (ROD) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 13, 2002 September 13, 2002 EIS-0183: Record of Decision GNA Cliffs Energy Project September 6, 2002 EIS-0200: Revision to the Record of Decision Treatment and Storage of Transuranic Waste August 19, 2002 EIS-0303: Record of Decision Savannah River Site High-Level Waste Tank Closure July 10, 2002 EIS-0220: Supplemental Record of Decision Interim Management of Nuclear Materials July 9, 2002 EIS-0293: Amended Record of Decision Conveyance and Transfer of Certain Land Tracts Administered by the Department of Energy and Located at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos and Santa Fe Counties, New Mexico April 19, 2002 EIS-0229: Amended Record of Decision (April 2002) Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program April 19, 2002 EIS-0283: Amended Record of Decision Surplus Plutonium Disposition Program

460

Simulation of human decision making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decision technological optimism" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Technology Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Technology Validation to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Technology Validation on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies...

462

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is to increase the body of knowledge as well as the awareness and acceptance of electric drive and other advanced technology vehicles (ATV). The AVTA accomplishes this goal by testing ATVs on test tracks and dynamometers (Baseline Performance testing), as well as in real-world applications (Fleet and Accelerated Reliability testing and public demonstrations). This enables the AVTA to provide Federal and private fleet managers, as well as other potential ATV users, with accurate and unbiased information on vehicle performance and infrastructure needs so they can make informed decisions about acquiring and operating ATVs. The ATVs currently in testing include vehicles that burn gaseous hydrogen (H2) fuel and hydrogen/CNG (H/CNG) blended fuels in internal combustion engines (ICE), and hybrid electric (HEV), urban electric, and neighborhood electric vehicles. The AVTA is part of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.

James Francfort

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

An Optimization-Based Classification Approach with the Non-additive Measure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization-based classification approaches have well been used for decision making problems, such as classification in data mining. It considers that the contributions from all the attributes for the classification model equals to the joint individual ... Keywords: Classification, Data Mining, Non-additive Measure, Optimization

Nian Yan; Zhengxin Chen; Rong Liu; Yong Shi

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Industrial strength COMPASS: A comprehensive algorithm and software for optimization via simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial Strength COMPASS (ISC) is a particular implementation of a general framework for optimizing the expected value of a performance measure of a stochastic simulation with respect to integer-ordered decision variables in a finite (but typically ... Keywords: Optimization via simulation, random search, ranking and selection

Jie Xu; Barry L. Nelson; JEFF L. Hong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

CFD optimization for GDI spray model tuning and enhancement of engine performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupling a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool with a rigorous method of decision making is becoming indispensable in the design process of complex systems, as internal combustion engines. CFD based optimization (CFD-O) is here carried out on ... Keywords: CFD based optimization, Charge stratification, Gasoline direct injection, Multidimensional modelling, Spark ignition engines, Split injection

M. Costa; U. Sorge; L. Allocca

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Multi-period Optimal Procurement and Demand Responses in the Presence of Uncertain Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additional power on the real-time market, if necessary, to balance supply and demand. We derive the optimal and variability of renewable generation on these optimal decisions and on social welfare. I. INTRODUCTION Future and solar is their uncertainty. Furthermore, there is also randomness in user demand. Despite the uncer

Low, Steven H.

467

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Distributed Intelligent Agents for Decision Making at Local Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Levels Speaker(s): David Cohen Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Our goals are to develop and commercialize a system of adaptive, intelligent software components which run at distributed locations (DER-level) on the energy network to improve the reliability, efficiency, and security of the U.S. electrical distribution network. We are developing GridAgents, an enabling software technology framework and platform using a distributed multi-agent systems approach for advanced communications and control capabilities (large- scale automated demand response, distribution automation control, and Microgrid control applications). For more

468

Industrial cogeneration optimization program  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this program was to identify up to 10 good near-term opportunities for cogeneration in 5 major energy-consuming industries which produce food, textiles, paper, chemicals, and refined petroleum; select, characterize, and optimize cogeneration systems for these identified opportunities to achieve maximum energy savings for minimum investment using currently available components of cogenerating systems; and to identify technical, institutional, and regulatory obstacles hindering the use of industrial cogeneration systems. The analysis methods used and results obtained are described. Plants with fuel demands from 100,000 Btu/h to 3 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h were considered. It was concluded that the major impediments to industrial cogeneration are financial, e.g., high capital investment and high charges by electric utilities during short-term cogeneration facility outages. In the plants considered an average energy savings from cogeneration of 15 to 18% compared to separate generation of process steam and electric power was calculated. On a national basis for the 5 industries considered, this extrapolates to saving 1.3 to 1.6 quads per yr or between 630,000 to 750,000 bbl/d of oil. Properly applied, federal activity can do much to realize a substantial fraction of this potential by lowering the barriers to cogeneration and by stimulating wider implementation of this technology. (LCL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Overview of Capabilities Conversion System Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale composite structures Advanced coatings Laser processing Distributed Generation & Smart Grid Broad in technology demonstration and transition to application. Modeling and control architecture of the SmartGrid - Condition Based Maintenance - Integrated Health Management System Design & Optimization - Automated

Lee, Dongwon

470

HOMER: The Micropower Optimization Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOMER, the micropower optimization model, helps users to design micropower systems for off-grid and grid-connected power applications. HOMER models micropower systems with one or more power sources including wind turbines, photovoltaics, biomass power, hydropower, cogeneration, diesel engines, cogeneration, batteries, fuel cells, and electrolyzers. Users can explore a range of design questions such as which technologies are most effective, what size should components be, how project economics are affected by changes in loads or costs, and is the renewable resource adequate.

Not Available

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Measurement Protocols for Optimized Fuel Assembly Tags  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the measurement protocols for optimized tags that can be applied to standard fuel assemblies used in light water reactors. This report describes work performed by the authors at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for NA-22 as part of research to identify specific signatures that can be developed to support counter-proliferation technologies.

Gerlach, David C.; Mitchell, Mark R.; Reid, Bruce D.; Gesh, Christopher J.; Hurley, David E.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Hop count based optimization of Bluetooth scatternets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past five years Bluetooth scatternets were one of the most promising wireless networking technologies for ad hoc networking. In such networks, mobility together with the fact that wireless network nodes may change their communication peers in ... Keywords: Bluetooth scatternets, Dynamic networks, Heuristic algorithms, Hopcount reduction, Performance optimization

Csaba Kiss Kalló; Carla-Fabiana Chiasserini; Sewook Jung; Mauro Brunato; Mario Gerla

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Optimization of Cooling Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cooling water system can be optimized by operation at the highest possible cycles of concentration without risking sealing and fouling on heat exchanger surfaces. The way to optimize will be shown, with a number of examples of new systems.

Matson, J.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Heterogeneous particle swarm optimizers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a swarm intelligence technique originally inspired by models of flocking and of social influence that assumed homogeneous individuals. During its evolution to become a practical optimization tool, some heterogeneous ...

Marco A. Montes De Oca; Jorge Peña; Thomas Stützle; Carlo Pinciroli; Marco Dorigo

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Erosion and Optimal Transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

383 pp. EROSION AND OPTIMAL TRANSPORT [23] I. Ekeland and T.and D. Simons, Sediment transport capacity of overland ?ow,measure spaces via optimal transport, Ann. of Math. (2),

Birnir, Bjorn; Rowlett, Julie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Development and application of a framework for technology and model selection under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology selection is a complex decision problem that is often faced in process engineering. This has been a particularly important problem recently in the energy field, in which many new technologies have been proposed. ...

Berkelmans, Ingrid (Ingrid M.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Modeling and Optimizing the Thermal Stress Distribution in a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conference Tools for Materials Science & Technology 2012 ... Presentation Title, Modeling and Optimizing the Thermal Stress Distribution in a Plasma Spray System for ... and analyzed for an applied thermal load in COMSOL® Multiphysics®.

478

Decision support for integrated water-energy planning.  

SciTech Connect

Currently, electrical power generation uses about 140 billion gallons of water per day accounting for over 39% of all freshwater withdrawals thus competing with irrigated agriculture as the leading user of water. Coupled to this water use is the required pumping, conveyance, treatment, storage and distribution of the water which requires on average 3% of all electric power generated. While water and energy use are tightly coupled, planning and management of these fundamental resources are rarely treated in an integrated fashion. Toward this need, a decision support framework has been developed that targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. The framework integrates analysis and optimization capabilities to identify trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., national, state, county, watershed, NERC region). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. Ultimately, this open and interactive modeling framework provides a tool for evaluating competing policy and technical options relevant to the energy-water nexus.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Kobos, Peter Holmes; Castillo, Cesar; Hart, William Eugene; Klise, Geoffrey T.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Optimal Waterflood Management under Geologic Uncertainty Using Rate Control: Theory and Field Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Waterflood optimization via rate control is receiving increased interest because of rapid developments in the smart well completions and I-field technology. The use of inflow… (more)

Alhuthali, Ahmed Humaid H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

568.ps - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was implemented in the interactive system for universal functional optimization UFO. Results of extensive numerical experiments are reported. Keywords.

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

North Dome decision expected soon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decisions soon will be made which will set in motion the development of Qatar's huge North Dome gas field. The government and state company, Qatar General Petroleum Corp. (QGPC) is studying the results of 2 feasibility studies on the economics of LNG export, although initially North Dome exploitation will be aimed at the domestic market. Decisions on the nature and timing of the North Dome development are the most important that have had to be faced in the short 10-yr history of the small Gulf state. The country's oil production is currently running at approximately 500,000 bpd, with 270,000 bpd originating from 3 offshore fields. Output is expected to decline through 1990, and it generally is accepted that there is little likelihood of further major crude discoveries. Therefore, Qatar has to begin an adjustment from an economy based on oil to one based on gas, while adhering to the underlying tenets of long-term conservation and industrial diversification.

Not Available

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Executive decision making processes and outcomes : structure and robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainty in the decision making environment complicates the decision making process because future events may change the effect of a particular decision or series of decisions. This thesis explores the possibility of ...

Chacon, Vince

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Web based portfolio optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The portfolio optimization is implemented as e-service through Internet. Four-tier client-server model of WAN-based information system is designed satisfying the intersection of several domains: financial investments, optimization theory and information ... Keywords: portfolio optimization, system algorithmic architecture of information systems, web based information system

Todor Stoilov; Krasimira Stoilova

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Computationally Optimized Homogenization Heat Treatment of Metal Alloys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computationally Optimized Homogenization Heat Computationally Optimized Homogenization Heat Treatment of Metal Alloys Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2013 Significance * Reduction in energy consumption and carbon dioxide output due to shorter, more effective heat treatments * Substantially lower processing costs * Ability to optimize the mechanical properties of alloys for improved downstream performance * Adaptable to the constraints of individual production facilities and the level of homogenization desired Applications * Any solid substitutional alloy utilized in a

486

Electronic Discovery and the Adoption of Information Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After firms adopt electronic information and communication technologies, their decision-making leaves a trail of electronic information that may be more extensive and accessible than a paper trail. We ask how the expected ...

Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

487

Optimization model based on genetic algorithms for oil wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Processes of optimization of oil wells involve an objective function that maximizes the commercial price and minimizes the production cost. For the solution of this type of problem, in the last decade the evolutionary technologies have demonstrated ... Keywords: evolutionary computation, model of production of well, problem of optimization, wells by artificial gas lift

Edgar Camargo; José Aguilar; Addison Ríos; Francklin Rivas; Joseph Aguilar-Martin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Energy Optimization of Biomass Pyrolysis and Liquefaction System in CFB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass pyrolysis and liquefaction technology needs inert carrier gas and high energy consumption. On the basis of analyzing its energy consumption and the using way of char and off-gas, energy in the pyrolysis and liquefaction system in CFB is optimized ... Keywords: FB biomass pyrolysis energy consumption optimize

Zhang Jun; Teng Wenrui; Wei Xinli

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Fuels & Lubricant Technologies- FEERC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuels & Lubricants Technology Fuels & Lubricants Technology Fuels and lubricants research at FEERC involves study of the impacts of fuel and lubricant properties on advanced combustion processes as well as on emissions and emission control strategies and devices. The range of fuels studied includes liquid fuels from synthetic and renewable sources as well as conventional and unconventional fossil-based sources. Combustion and emissions studies are leveraged with relevant single and multi-cylinder engine setups in the FEERC and access to a suite of unique diagnostic tools and a vehicle dynamometer laboratory. ORNL/DOE research has been cited by EPA in important decisions such as the 2006 diesel sulfur rule and the 2010/2011 E15 waiver decision. Major program categories and examples

490

Design Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty - A Bayesian  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty - A Bayesian Design Feasibility Analysis and Optimization under Uncertainty - A Bayesian Optimal Decision Framework Speaker(s): Jose M. Ortega Date: October 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Sohn A new approach to the problem of identifying design feasibility and optimality under uncertainty is introduced. Based on the Bayesian concepts of predictive probability and expected utility, the method can quantify the feasibility of a process design and identify the optimal operation conditions when there are uncertainties in the process parameters. The use of Bayesian statistics enables the treatment of a very wide class of parameter uncertainties, including simple bounds, analytic probability density functions, correlation structures and empirical distributions.

491

Improved Methods for Multivariate Optimization of Field Development . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of reservoir development requires many evaluations of the possible combinations of the decision variables, such as well locations and production scheduling parameters, to obtain the best economic strategies. Running a simulator for such a large number of evaluations may be infeasible due to the computation time involved. This study investigated two multivariate interpolation algorithms, Least Squares and Kriging, to generate new realizations from a limited number of simulations in order to predict the optimal strategies in a field development scheduling project and a waterflood project. The result was a significant reduction in the simulation effort required. The recommended solutions were obtained by searching for the optimal objective function values among the interpolation realizations. Additional simulation runs were performed to refine the search for the final optimal solution in the vicinity of the intermediate optimal region. The net present value was used as the ob...

Yan Pan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Buildings Technologies Deployment | Clean energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Technologies Deployment Building Technologies Deployment SHARE Building Technologies Deployment benchmarking commercial buildings Once building technologies emerge and become commercially available, only in exceptional cases does robust market uptake automatically follow. Additional efforts remain to ensure that emerging and under-utilized technologies are successfully deployed to the fullest extent possible. ORNL helps optimize the energy performance of buildings and industrial processes by moving technologies to full use in residential, commercial, and industrial sectors through applications research, technical assistance, and a variety of deployment strategies. The team's comprehensive knowledge of buildings and energy use spans multi-building sites, whole-buildings, systems, components, and multi-level

493

Particle Swarm Optimization Based Reactive Power Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive power plays an important role in supporting the real power transfer by maintaining voltage stability and system reliability. It is a critical element for a transmission operator to ensure the reliability of an electric system while minimizing the cost associated with it. The traditional objectives of reactive power dispatch are focused on the technical side of reactive support such as minimization of transmission losses. Reactive power cost compensation to a generator is based on the incurred cost of its reactive power contribution less the cost of its obligation to support the active power delivery. In this paper an efficient Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based reactive power optimization approach is presented. The optimal reactive power dispatch problem is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. The objective of the proposed PSO is to minimize the total support cost from generators and reactive compensators. It is achieved by maintaining the whole system power loss as minimum...

Sujin, P R; Linda, M Mary

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Optimization Online - Optimizing Preventive Maintenance Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 29, 2004 ... Optimizing Preventive Maintenance Models ... It is assumed that there is a known model which predicts the frequency of system failure as a function of ... Category 2: Applications -- OR and Management Sciences (Scheduling ).

495

Processing Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2013... relevant polymers and hybrid nanocomposite material systems. ... technology to perform lightweight manufacturing of car components.

496

Technology Transfer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... get started on understanding accessibility in elections and voting technology. ... bibliography was created by the Georgia Tech Research Institute ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

497

Technology Transfer  

A new search feature has been implemented, which allows searching of technology transfer information across the Department of Energy Laboratories.

498

Inferring Function Semantics to Optimize Queries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of the COKO-KOLA project [10, 9] is to express rules of rule-based optimizers in a manner permitting verification with a theorem prover. In [10], we considered query transformations that were too general to be expressed with rewrite rules. In this paper, we consider the complementary issue of expressing query transformations that are too specifc for rewrite rules. Such transformations require rewrite rules to be supplemented with semantic conditions to guard rule firing. This work considers the expression of such transformations using conditional rewrite rules, and the expression of inference rules to guide the optimizer in deciding if semantic conditions hold. This work differs from existing work in semantic query optimization in that semantic transformations in our framework are verifiable with a theorem prover. Further, our use of inference rules to guide semantic reasoning makes our optimizer extensible in a manner that is complementary to the extensibility benefits of existing rule-based technology. 1

Mitch Cherniack; Stan Zdonik

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Technology Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Book:PrefaceTechnology as the Strategic AdvantageWhen I began writing this book I struggled with the direction I wanted it to take. Is this book to be about business, technology, or even the business of technology? I ...

Cooper Smith

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Baseload coal investment decisions under uncertain carbon legislation  

SciTech Connect

More than 50% of electricity in the U.S. is generated by coal. The U.S. has large coal resources, the cheapest fuel in most areas. Coal fired power plants are likely to continue to provide much of U.S. electricity. However, the type of power plant that should be built is unclear. Technology can reduce pollutant discharges and capture and sequester the CO{sub 2} from coal-fired generation. The U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 provides incentives for large scale commercial deployment of Integrated Coal Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems (e.g., loan guarantees and project tax credits). This analysis examines whether a new coal plant should be pulverized coal (PC) or IGCC. Do stricter emissions standards (PM, SO{sub 2}, NOx, Hg) justify the higher costs of IGCC over PC? How does potential future carbon legislation affect the decision to add carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology? Finally, can the impact of uncertain carbon legislation be minimized? We find that SO{sub 2}, NOx, PM, and Hg emission standards would have to be far more stringent than twice current standards to justify the increased costs of the IGCC system. A CO{sub 2} tax less than $29/ton would lead companies to continuing to choose PC, paying the tax for emitted CO{sub 2}. The earlier a decision-maker believes the carbon tax will be imposed and the higher the tax, the more likely companies will choose IGCC with CCS. Having government announce the date and level of a carbon tax would promote more sensible decisions, but government would have to use a tax or subsidy to induce companies to choose the technology that is best for society. 14 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

Joule A. Bergerson; Lester B. Lave [University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (Canada)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z