Sample records for decision support system

  1. Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems Taha Osman, Andrzej Bargiela Department of application tasks on the currently avail- able computing nodes. Distributed Systems Reliability Due decision-support systems such as water distribution net- works, involving hundreds or even thousands

  2. Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Decision Support Systems Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle and implementation of automated transportation decision support models for the scheduling and routing of cargo

  3. Strategies and Decision Support Systems for Integrating Variable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Strategies and Decision Support Systems for Integrating Variable Energy Resources in Control Centers for Reliable Grid Operations: Global Best Practices, Examples of Excellence and...

  4. Automation and Accountability in Decision Support System Interface Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the human element is introduced into decision support system design, entirely new layers of social and ethical issues emerge but are not always recognized as such. This paper discusses those ethical and social impact ...

  5. Decision Support System for Fighter Pilots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    parts of the electronic warfare domain. A brief description of this domain is given. It contains is detected the pilot may choose to deploy electronic countermeasures to avoid the impact of the missile, and the availability of countermeasures. Radar systems, guidance of missiles, and electronic countermeasures are all

  6. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed...

  7. Journal of Decision Systems. A cooperative intelligent decision support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

    combustion is one of the most critical systems for the good functioning of GLZ-I oil plant. It has a high combustion management based on a distributed architecture Abdelkader Adla*,** -- Jean-Luc Soubie*-- Pascale, Distributed DSS. RESUME: Le systčme de gestion de combustion des chaudičres est un des systčmes les plus

  8. A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION IN POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA A.E. Gadem1-based decision-support systems are powerful, new tools for assessing inherent soil productivity and potential conservation strategies to reduce soil-loss in areas with high potential erosion rates. These decision support

  9. Scientia : An end user development environment for decision support systems/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Clayton Tyler

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes an end user programming environment that allows non-programmers to create decision support protocols for use on electronic devices. User centered design techniques were followed to identify the ...

  10. CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT Yi Zhang1 , Liping Feng1,* 1: A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water of optimal irrigation methods and irrigation decision support system have obtained important achievements (J

  11. Decision support systems and methods for complex networks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhenyu (Richland, WA); Wong, Pak Chung (Richland, WA); Ma, Jian (Richland, WA); Mackey, Patrick S (Richland, WA); Chen, Yousu (Richland, WA); Schneider, Kevin P (Seattle, WA)

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for automated decision support in analyzing operation data from a complex network. Embodiments of the present invention utilize these algorithms and techniques not only to characterize the past and present condition of a complex network, but also to predict future conditions to help operators anticipate deteriorating and/or problem situations. In particular, embodiments of the present invention characterize network conditions from operation data using a state estimator. Contingency scenarios can then be generated based on those network conditions. For at least a portion of all of the contingency scenarios, risk indices are determined that describe the potential impact of each of those scenarios. Contingency scenarios with risk indices are presented visually as graphical representations in the context of a visual representation of the complex network. Analysis of the historical risk indices based on the graphical representations can then provide trends that allow for prediction of future network conditions.

  12. Decision support systems for automated terminal area air traffic control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pararas, John Demetrios

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work studies the automation of the terminal area Air Traffic Management and Control (ATM/C) system. The ATM/C decision-making process is analyzed and broken down into a number of "automation functions". Each of these ...

  13. A framework for decision support in systems architecting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Willard Lennox

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to provide a method and tool to leverage computational resources to empower a systems architect to reason about architectural decisions more comprehensively and effectively compared to ...

  14. Critical infrastructure protection decision support system decision model : overview and quick-start user's guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samsa, M.; Van Kuiken, J.; Jusko, M.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System Decision Model (CIPDSS-DM) is a useful tool for comparing the effectiveness of alternative risk-mitigation strategies on the basis of CIPDSS consequence scenarios. The model is designed to assist analysts and policy makers in evaluating and selecting the most effective risk-mitigation strategies, as affected by the importance assigned to various impact measures and the likelihood of an incident. A typical CIPDSS-DM decision map plots the relative preference of alternative risk-mitigation options versus the annual probability of an undesired incident occurring once during the protective life of the investment, assumed to be 20 years. The model also enables other types of comparisons, including a decision map that isolates a selected impact variable and displays the relative preference for the options of interest--parameterized on the basis of the contribution of the isolated variable to total impact, as well as the likelihood of the incident. Satisfaction/regret analysis further assists the analyst or policy maker in evaluating the confidence with which one option can be selected over another.

  15. City.Net IES: A sustainability-oriented energy decision support system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adepetu, Adedamola

    A city's energy system processes, as well as the interactions of the energy system with other systems in a city are imperative in creating a comprehensive energy decision support system due to the interdependencies between ...

  16. A Drug Administration Decision Support System Wenqi You, Alena Simalatsar, Nicolas Widmer and Giovanni De Micheli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Micheli, Giovanni

    A Drug Administration Decision Support System Wenqi You, Alena Simalatsar, Nicolas Widmer, Switzerland. Email: nicolas.widmer@chuv.ch Abstract--Drug delivery is one of the most common clinical routines-invasive and accurate way. This paper proposes a Drug Administration Decision Support System (DADSS) to help clinicians

  17. Decision Support System for integrated door-to-door delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    , responsible for traffic infra- structure, while the demand side is constituted by production and trans on the demand side and support planning on the supply side. The objectives of the supply-oriented system, filtered and aggregated suitably to become information with added value. MOSCA Homepage - www

  18. A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR FORENSIC Gildas Morvan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (PMI) and possibly information about the victim such as death location [1]. This is done studying entomofauna, i.e. insects, mainly maggots (flies larvae), found on the corpse. PMI is usually estimated Support System (DSS) architecture able to perform PMI estimations using this model. 2 Introduction

  19. Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    -Making under Risk · Expected Value · Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis ­ A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS · Multi-Criteria Optimisation · Risk Analysis and Simulation · Bayesian

  20. The Role of GIS in Decision Support Systems

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy SolarRadioactive Liquid Waste TreatmentTheGIS in Decision

  1. A Real-Time Decision Support System for High Cost Oil-Well Drilling Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    A Real-Time Decision Support System for High Cost Oil-Well Drilling Operations Odd Erik Gundersen In this paper we present DrillEdge - a commercial and award winning software system that monitors oil-well drilling operations in order to reduce non-productive time (NPT). DrillEdge utilizes case-based reasoning

  2. An Intelligent Software Agent Framework for Decision Support Systems Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moraitis, Pavlos

    specialists and the mediation between users and artificial agents, in order to allow users to control of a complex system through multiple layers proposed in control theory Mesarovic et al. (1970). Therefore a methodological point of view, we believe that this consideration facilitates the conception and the design

  3. Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henze, G. P.; Pavlak, G. S.; Florita, A. R.; Dodier, R. H.; Hirsch, A. I.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype energy signal tool is demonstrated for operational whole-building and system-level energy use evaluation. The purpose of the tool is to give a summary of building energy use which allows a building operator to quickly distinguish normal and abnormal energy use. Toward that end, energy use status is displayed as a traffic light, which is a visual metaphor for energy use that is either substantially different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing expected to actual energy use. As expected, energy use is necessarily uncertain; we cannot choose the appropriate light with certainty. Instead, the energy signal tool chooses the light by minimizing the expected cost of displaying the wrong light. The expected energy use is represented by a probability distribution. Energy use is modeled by a low-order lumped parameter model. Uncertainty in energy use is quantified by a Monte Carlo exploration of the influence of model parameters on energy use. Distributions over model parameters are updated over time via Bayes' theorem. The simulation study was devised to assess whole-building energy signal accuracy in the presence of uncertainty and faults at the submetered level, which may lead to tradeoffs at the whole-building level that are not detectable without submetering.

  4. Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    1 Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems M.L. Cummings* Sylvain Bruni Humans and Automation Laboratory 77 Massachusetts Ave, 33 uncertainty, typical of supervisory control environments, it is critical that some balance of human-automation

  5. Decision support systems based on LSP method In the area of decision support systems, our main emphasis is further

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dujmovic, Jozo J.

    of the 9th Conference on Applied Mathematics (PRIM'94), pp. 269-276, Institute of Mathematics, Novi Sad/Disjunction. Proceedings of Eurofuse Workshop on Data and Knowledge Engineering. Published as Current Issues in Data.J., Optimizing Computer System Configurations. The 24th International Conference for the Resource Management

  6. Comparing object oriented and traditional designs for a forest pest management decision support system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power, J. M

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed for a forest pest management decision support system (DSS) to simulate the pattern of functional reusability during system evolution. Each design model was constructed using the Nexpert Object expert system development shell. The 00 design used... CONTROL PLAN PEST SURVEY ES POPULATION DBMS PIANT SPATIAL ANIMAL INSEC'I POPULATION COMPUTER LIFE STAGE PLANT POPULATION~ TOP~ BIOLOGICAL SIMULATION~ WEATHER TREE PHYSICAL~~ SOIL MANAGEMENT FIRE SPATIAL QUERY SUITABILITY QUERY SIMULATION QUERY...

  7. A decision-support system for sustainable urban metabolism in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, Ainhoa, E-mail: ainhoag@yahoo.com [Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Donnelly, Alison, E-mail: donnelac@tcd.ie [Centre for the Environment, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland); Jones, Mike, E-mail: mike.jones@tcd.ie [Discipline of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland); Chrysoulakis, Nektarios, E-mail: zedd2@iacm.forth.gr [Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics (Greece); Lopes, Myriam, E-mail: myr@ua.pt [Departamento de Ambiente e Ordenamento and CESAM, University of Aveiro (Portugal)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban metabolism components define the energy and material exchanges within a city and, therefore, can provide valuable information on the environmental quality of urban areas. Assessing the potential impact of urban planning alternatives on urban metabolism components (such as energy, water, carbon and pollutants fluxes) can provide a quantitative estimation of their sustainability performance. Urban metabolism impact assessment can, therefore, contribute to the identification of sustainable urban structures with regards, for example, to building types, materials and layout, as well as to location and capacity of transportation and infrastructural developments. In this way, it enables the formulation of planning and policy recommendations to promote efficient use of resources and enhance environmental quality in urban areas. The European FP7 project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) has developed a decision-support system (DSS) that systematically integrates urban metabolism components into impact assessment processes with the aim of accurately quantifying the potential effects of proposed planning interventions. The DSS enables integration of multiple spatial and non-spatial datasets (e.g. physical flows of energy and material with variables of social and economic change) in a systematic manner to obtain spatially defined assessment results and to thus inform planners and decision-makers. This multi-criteria approach also enables incorporation of stakeholders' perceptions in order to prioritise decisive assessment criteria. This paper describes the methodological framework used to develop the DSS and critically examines the results of its practical application in five European cities. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Urban metabolism in sustainability assessment of planning alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer European FP7 project applied to 5 real life case studies across Europe. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Decision support system enables incorporating scientific knowledge into planning. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scale, data availability and stakeholder representativeness limit its application.

  8. Development of a Decision Support Geographic Information System for land restoration programs in the Leon, Lampasas, and Bosque River Watersheds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Jason Samuel

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    conditions, and geologic characteristics. This study describes the development, accuracy, and application of a decision support geographic information system (DSGIS) for land restoration programs in the Leon, Lampasas, and Bosque River watersheds...

  9. LCA-IWM: A decision support tool for sustainability assessment of waste management systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boer, J. den [Institute of Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Cycles, Environmental and Spatial Planning (Institute WAR), Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 13, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)], E-mail: j.denboer@iwar.tu-darmstadt.de; Boer, E. den; Jager, J. [Institute of Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Cycles, Environmental and Spatial Planning (Institute WAR), Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 13, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper outlines the most significant result of the project 'The use of life cycle assessment tools for the development of integrated waste management strategies for cities and regions with rapid growing economies', which was the development of two decision-support tools: a municipal waste prognostic tool and a waste management system assessment tool. The article focuses on the assessment tool, which supports the adequate decision making in the planning of urban waste management systems by allowing the creation and comparison of different scenarios, considering three basic subsystems: (i) temporary storage; (ii) collection and transport and (iii) treatment, disposal and recycling. The design and analysis options, as well as the assumptions made for each subsystem, are shortly introduced, providing an overview of the applied methodologies and technologies. The sustainability assessment methodology used in the project to support the selection of the most adequate scenario is presented with a brief explanation of the procedures, criteria and indicators applied on the evaluation of each of the three sustainability pillars.

  10. A Proposed Decision Support System/Expert System for Guiding Fresh Students in Selecting a Faculty in Gomal University, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Muhammad Zaheer; Khan, Abdur Rashid

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the design and development of a proposed rule based Decision Support System that will help students in selecting the best suitable faculty/major decision while taking admission in Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. The basic idea of our approach is to design a model for testing and measuring the student capabilities like intelligence, understanding, comprehension, mathematical concepts plus his/her past academic record plus his/her intelligence level, and applying the module results to a rule-based decision support system to determine the compatibility of those capabilities with the available faculties/majors in Gomal University. The result is shown as a list of suggested faculties/majors with the student capabilities and abilities.

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, SPECIAL ISSUE COMPUTATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY, TCSI-2012-10-0740 1 A Decision Support System for the Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carenini, Giuseppe

    A Decision Support System for the Design and Evaluation of Sustainable Wastewater Solutions Brent C. This paper describes a decision support system (DSS) prototype that is designed to help community planners to the community's sustainability goals. Index Terms-- Logic Programming, Decision Support, Design, Environment

  12. Decision Support and Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and emergency management officials during the planning, incident management preparedness, and response phasesDecision Support and Risk Management CVMDM: Community Vaccination and Mass Dispensing Model What and the performance of prophylaxis supply logistics and PODs. Decision and Information Sciences Division Decision

  13. DECISION SUPPORT FOR A WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT TREATMENT SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) treatment system in the development of incineration, disposal, treatment and recycling integrated programs. In the paper, we describe the WEEE, taking a broad view of various types of decisions in the field of WEEE. A detailed explanation of the decisions in the WEEE Logistics is given

  14. A decision support system for adaptive real-time management ofseasonal wetlands in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.; Hanna, W. Mark

    2001-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the development of a comprehensive flow and salinity monitoring system and application of a decision support system (DSS) to improve management of seasonal wetlands in the San Joaquin Valley of California. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates salinity discharges from non-point sources to the San Joaquin River using a procedure known as the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) to allocate the assimilative capacity of the River for salt among watershed sources. Management of wetland sources of salt load will require the development of monitoring systems, more integrative management strategies and coordination with other entities. To obtain local cooperation the Grassland Water District, whose primary function is to supply surface water to private duck clubs and managed wetlands, needs to communicate to local landowners the likely impacts of salinity regulation on the long term health and function of wildfowl habitat. The project described in this paper will also provide this information. The models that form the backbone of the DSS develop salinity balances at both a regional and local scale. The regional scale concentrates on deliveries to and exports from the Grasland Water District while the local scale focuses on an individual wetland unit where more intensive monitoring is being conducted. The design of the DSS is constrained to meet the needs of busy wetland managers and is being designed from the bottom up utilizing tools and procedures familiar to these individuals.

  15. Bottom-up, decision support system development : a wetlandsalinity management application in California's San Joaquin Valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.

    2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Seasonally managed wetlands in the Grasslands Basin ofCalifornia's San Joaquin Valley provide food and shelter for migratorywildfowl during winter months and sport for waterfowl hunters during theannual duck season. Surface water supply to these wetland contain saltwhich, when drained to the San Joaquin River during the annual drawdownperiod, negatively impacts downstream agricultural riparian waterdiverters. Recent environmental regulation, limiting discharges salinityto the San Joaquin River and primarily targeting agricultural non-pointsources, now addresses return flows from seasonally managed wetlands.Real-time water quality management has been advocated as a means ofmatching wetland return flows to the assimilative capacity of the SanJoaquin River. Past attempts to build environmental monitoring anddecision support systems to implement this concept have failed forreasons that are discussed in this paper. These reasons are discussed inthe context of more general challenges facing the successfulimplementation of environmental monitoring, modelling and decisionsupport systems. The paper then provides details of a current researchand development project which will ultimately provide wetland managerswith the means of matching salt exports with the available assimilativecapacity of the San Joaquin River, when fully implemented. Manipulationof the traditional wetland drawdown comes at a potential cost to thesustainability of optimal wetland moist soil plant habitat in thesewetlands - hence the project provides appropriate data and a feedback andresponse mechanism for wetland managers to balance improvements to SanJoaquin River quality with internally-generated information on the healthof the wetland resource. The author concludes the paper by arguing thatthe architecture of the current project decision support system, whencoupled with recent advances in environmental data acquisition, dataprocessing and information dissemination technology, holds significantpromise to address some of the problems described earlier in the paperthat have limited past efforts to improve Basin water qualitymanagement.

  16. The internal design phase of the breeding and multigeneration support system: A tracking and decision support system for NCTR (National Center for Toxicological Research)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strand, R.; Cox, T.L.; Sjoreen, A.; Alvic, D.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) is the basic research arm of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The NCTR has upgraded and standardized its computer operations on Digital Equipment Corporation VAX minicomputers using Software AG's ADABAS data base management system for all research applications. The NCTR is currently performing a large study to improve the functionality of the animal husbandry systems and applications called Breeding/Multigeneration Support System (BMSS). When functional, it will operate on VAX equipment using the ADABAS data base management system, TDMS, and COBOL. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is supporting NCTR in the design, prototyping, and software engineering of the BMSS. This document summarizes the internal design elements that include data structures, file structures, and system attributes that were required to facilitate the decision support requirements defined in the external design work. Prototype pseudocode then was developed for the recommended system attributes and file and data structures. Finally, ORNL described the processing requirements including the initial access of the BMSS, integration of the existing INLIFE system and the STUDY DEFINITION system under development, data system initialization and maintenance, and BMSS testing and verification. This document describes ORNL's recommendations for the internal design of the BMSS. ORNL will provide research support to NCTR in the additional phases of systems life cycle development for BMSS. ORNL has prepared this document according to NCTR's Standard Operating Procedures for Systems Development. 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  17. Evalutation and network of ec-decision support systems in the field of hydrological dispension models and of aquatic radioecological research Assessment of environmental models anf software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monte, L; Hofman, Dimitry

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evalutation and network of ec-decision support systems in the field of hydrological dispension models and of aquatic radioecological research

  18. A decision support system for income-producing real estate development feasibility analysis and alternative assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leelarasamee, Yosaporn

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    . The system was then tested on a group of graduate students who enrolled in an advanced real estate development course at Texas A&M University to examine whether its facilitation objective had been achieved. Since this research hypothesized that the decision...

  19. Airport pavement management systems (APMS) are computer-based decision support systems that assist airport agencies in making decisions on pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) activities to preserve the various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Airport pavement management systems (APMS) are computer-based decision support systems that assist airport agencies in making decisions on pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) activities to preserve the various pavement structures such as runways and taxiways in an effective and efficient manner

  20. The {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} applicability in decision support system {open_quotes}strength{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torop, V.M.; Orynyak, I.V. [Institute for Problems of Strength, Kiev (Ukraine); Kutovoy, O.L. [Institute of Structure Integrity, Kiev (Ukraine)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A software decision support system, STRENGTH, for application of leak before break analysis, is described. The background methodology and sample application are outlined. The program allows multioptional computation of loading parameters for different types of defects, and variable properties for metals and welded joints. Structural strength is assessed, and service life predictions are made. The program is used to analyze specific defects identified by nondestructive testing.

  1. Abstract--The unavailability of a flexible system for real-time testing of decision-support algorithms in a pre-hospital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and showed that the platform can support a quick development cycle for real-time decision-support algorithms1 Abstract--The unavailability of a flexible system for real- time testing of decision for life-saving interventions and immediate evacuation, and advises on appropriate therapeutic actions [1

  2. SciTech Connect: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems A...

  3. Integration of Water Resource Models with Fayetteville Shale Decision Support and Information System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cothren, Jackson; Thoma, Greg; DiLuzio, Mauro; Limp, Fred

    2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant issues can arise with the timing, location, and volume of surface water withdrawals associated with hydraulic fracturing of gas shale reservoirs as impacted watersheds may be sensitive, especially in drought years, during low flow periods, or during periods of the year when activities such as irrigation place additional demands on the surface supply of water. Significant energy production and associated water withdrawals may have a cumulative impact to watersheds over the short-term. Hence, hydraulic fracturing based on water withdrawal could potentially create shifts in the timing and magnitude of low or high flow events or change the magnitude of river flow at daily, monthly, seasonal, or yearly time scales. These changes in flow regimes can result in dramatically altered river systems. Currently little is known about the impact of fracturing on stream flow behavior. Within this context the objective of this study is to assess the impact of the hydraulic fracturing on the water balance of the Fayetteville Shale play area and examine the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on river flow regime at subbasin scale. This project addressed that need with four unique but integrated research and development efforts: 1) Evaluate the predictive reliability of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model based at a variety of scales (Task/Section 3.5). The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was used to simulate the across-scale water balance and the respective impact of hydraulic fracturing. A second hypothetical scenario was designed to assess the current and future impacts of water withdrawals for hydraulic fracturing on the flow regime and on the environmental flow components (EFCs) of the river. The shifting of these components, which present critical elements to water supply and water quality, could influence the ecological dynamics of river systems. For this purpose, we combined the use of SWAT model and Richter et al.’s (1996) methodology to assess the shifting and alteration of the flow regime within the river and streams of the study area. 2) Evaluate the effect of measurable land use changes related to gas development (well-pad placement, access road completion, etc.) on surface water flow in the region (Task/Section 3.7). Results showed that since the upsurge in shale-gas related activities in the Fayetteville Shale Play (between 2006 and 2010), shale-gas related infrastructure in the region have increase by 78%. This change in land-cover in comparison with other land-cover classes such as forest, urban, pasture, agricultural and water indicates the highest rate of change in any land-cover category for the study period. A Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) flow model of the Little Red River watershed simulated from 2000 to 2009 showed a 10% increase in storm water runoff. A forecast scenario based on the assumption that 2010 land-cover does not see any significant change over the forecast period (2010 to 2020) also showed a 10% increase in storm water runoff. Further analyses showed that this change in the stream-flow regime for the forecast period is attributable to the increase in land-cover as introduced by the shale-gas infrastructure. 3) Upgrade the Fayetteville Shale Information System to include information on watershed status. (Tasks/Sections 2.1 and 2.2). This development occurred early in the project period, and technological improvements in web-map API’s have made it possible to further improve the map. The current sites (http://lingo.cast.uark.edu) is available but is currently being upgraded to a more modern interface and robust mapping engine using funds outside this project. 4) Incorporate the methodologies developed in Tasks/Sections 3.5 and 3.7 into a Spatial Decision Support System for use by regulatory agencies and producers in the play. The resulting system is available at http://fayshale.cast.uark.edu and is under review the Arkansas Natural Resources Commission.

  4. Incorporating Stakeholder Decision Support Needs into an Integrated Regional Earth System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rice, Jennie S.; Moss, Richard H.; Runci, Paul J.; Anderson, K. L.; Malone, Elizabeth L.

    2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A new modeling effort exploring the opportunities, constraints, and interactions between mitigation and adaptation at regional scale is utilizing stakeholder engagement in an innovative approach to guide model development and demonstration, including uncertainty characterization, to effectively inform regional decision making. This project, the integrated Regional Earth System Model (iRESM), employs structured stakeholder interactions and literature reviews to identify the most relevant adaptation and mitigation alternatives and decision criteria for each regional application of the framework. The information is used to identify important model capabilities and to provide a focus for numerical experiments. This paper presents the stakeholder research results from the first iRESM pilot region. The pilot region includes the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwest portion of the United States as well as other contiguous states. This geographic area (14 states in total) permits cohesive modeling of hydrologic systems while also providing gradients in climate, demography, land cover/land use, and energy supply and demand. The results from the stakeholder research indicate that iRESM should prioritize addressing adaptation alternatives in the water resources, urban infrastructure, and agriculture sectors, such as water conservation, expanded water quality monitoring, altered reservoir releases, lowered water intakes, urban infrastructure upgrades, increased electric power reserves in urban areas, and land use management/crop selection changes. Regarding mitigation alternatives, the stakeholder research shows a need for iRESM to focus on policies affecting the penetration of renewable energy technologies, and the costs and effectiveness of energy efficiency, bioenergy production, wind energy, and carbon capture and sequestration.

  5. Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebsbach, Kurt D.

    Projection and Reaction for Decision Support in Refineries: Combining Multiple Theories Kurt D system to provide decision support for refinery operations personnel (Krebsbach & Musliner 1997; Musliner to provide sufficiently flexible decision support in complex environments. Background: Refinery Control

  6. Decision support tools for policy and planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacyk, P.; Schultz, D.; Spangenberg, L.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision support system (DSS) is being developed at the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The DSS will be used to evaluate alternatives for improving LANL`s existing central radioactive waste water treatment plant and to evaluate new site-wide liquid waste treatment schemes that are required in order to handle the diverse waste streams produced at LANL. The decision support system consists of interacting modules that perform the following tasks: rigorous process simulation, configuration management, performance analysis, cost analysis, risk analysis, environmental impact assessment, transportation modeling, and local, state, and federal regulation compliance checking. Uncertainty handling techniques are used with these modules and also with a decision synthesis module which combines results from the modules listed above. We believe the DSS being developed can be applied to almost any other industrial water treatment facility with little modification because in most situations the waste streams are less complex, fewer regulations apply, and the political environment is simpler. The techniques being developed are also generally applicable to policy and planning decision support systems in the chemical process industry.

  7. Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool: An innovative step towards community resilience Support Tool Pilot Internet-based scalable mapping server Emergency management geo-referenced information for all municipalities in Puerto Rico #12;Disaster Decision Support Tool (DDST) What is a GIS

  8. Quick start user%3CU%2B2019%3Es guide for the PATH/AWARE decision support system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knowlton, Robert G.; Melton, Brad Joseph; Einfeld, Wayne; Tucker, Mark D; Franco, David Oliver [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Yang, Lynn I. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Prioritization Analysis Tool for All-Hazards/Analyzer for Wide Area Restoration Effectiveness (PATH/AWARE) software system, developed by Sandia National Laboratories, is a comprehensive decision support tool designed to analyze situational awareness, as well as response and recovery actions, following a wide-area release of chemical, biological or radiological materials. The system provides capability to prioritize critical infrastructure assets and services for restoration. It also provides a capability to assess resource needs (e.g., number of sampling teams, laboratory capacity, decontamination units, etc.), timelines for consequence management activities, and costs. PATH/AWARE is a very comprehensive tool set with a considerable amount of database information managed through a Microsoft SQL (Structured Query Language) database engine, a Geographical Information System (GIS) engine that provides comprehensive mapping capabilities, as well as comprehensive decision logic to carry out the functional aspects of the tool set. This document covers the basic installation and operation of the PATH/AWARE tool in order to give the user enough information to start using the tool. A companion users manual is under development with greater specificity of the PATH/AWARE functionality.

  9. Decision Support for Systems Security Investment Yolanta Beresnevichiene, David Pym, Simon Shiu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pym, David J.

    to the security of their confidential information. An organization's CISO must determine an appropriate policy of CISO, for example, has grown from being a technical job with responsibility for IT security operations with a characterization of the problem, as presented by the decision-maker (e.g., the client organization's CISO

  10. Uptake of Decision Support Systems (DSS) in the GB Forestry Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Greater uptake of DSS by the private sector · New demands for DSS to help managers respond to climate change · DSS can support certification #12;Barriers to uptake #12;25/03/20118 Foresters vs. Scientists absolutes which threaten professional judgement #12;25/03/20119 Communication · Improved communication

  11. Water Distribution System Monitoring and Decision Support Using a Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Michael

    Water distribution systems comprise labyrinthine networks of pipes, often in poor states of repair, that are buried beneath our city streets and relatively inaccessible. Engineers who manage these systems need reliable ...

  12. Introducing the use of integrated Decision Support System in Natural Resources Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hye Yeon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The target subject of Natural Resources Planning (NRP) includes various systems and their elements, all of which are centered around the natural resource system. Given this characteristic complexity and a high degree of ...

  13. A TEAMWORK TEST-BED FOR A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM Brahim Chaib-draa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kropf, Peter

    manufacturing, and others), nuclear power plant control, communication management and control, shipboard command and control (C2), electric power management, reactive systems such as commercial aircraft control systems, etc, shipboard C2 systems must assure adequate response to external threats while making the most effective use

  14. Potential for Improving Decision Support Catalysed by Semantic Interoperability Between Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Convergence of systems and intelligent automation may augment the ability of supply chain operations or healthcare networks to rapidly adapt to changes or respond, with minimal human intervention, under ideal conditions. ...

  15. Human-Automation Collaboration in Complex Multivariate Resource Allocation Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M.L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In resource allocation problems for systems with moving planning horizons and significant uncertainty, typical of supervisory control environments, it is critical that some balance of human-automation collaboration be ...

  16. Legacy Systems Assessment to Support Decision Making Aniello Cimitile*, Anna Rita Fasolino**, Filippo Lanubile***

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanubile, Filippo

    of the system (reduction of size and complexity) to ordinary preventive maintenance (re- documentation of the maintenance productivity could be achieved by promoting preventive maintenance. It also stressed the need, restructuring and reengineering) or even to an extraordinary process of adaptive maintenance (interface

  17. Multimedia-based decision support system for hazards recognition and abatement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Czachowski, John B. (Knoxville, TN); Zoldak, John T. (Alexandria, VA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for monitoring a site includes a portable data collection module used in the field to collect site specific data, and a processor module located at a central location. The data collection module displays choices of categories of findings, and then specific findings within each category. A selected specific finding is then displayed in report form with a citation to the specific code or statutory requirement, as well as a recommended course of action and an abatement date.

  18. New Decision Support Tool for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chronopoulos, Anthony T.

    New Decision Support Tool for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Classification Monica Madhukar affected by Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. The results show that the proposed system robustly segments and classifies acute lymphoblastic leukemia based on complete microscopic blood images. Keywords: Classification

  19. Decision Support for Choice of Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution The Aspect-Oriented Risk Driven Development (AORDD decisions. (4) RDD annotation rules for security risk and security solution variable estimation. (5) The AORDD security solution trade-o¤ analysis and trade-o¤ tool BBN topology. (6) Rule set for how

  20. A decision support system for real-time management of dissolvedoxygen in the Stockton deep water ship channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.; Chen, Carl W.; Stringfellow, William T.

    2003-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision support system(DSS)is under development to assistin the control and management of episodes of dissolved oxygen sag in aDeep Water Ship Channel (DWSC), located in Stockton, California. The DWSCwas formed by excavating the bed of the San Joaquin River in the 1950'sto allow navigation by ocean-going cargo ships to the Port of Stockton.The deepened channel has the effect of increasing hydraulic residencetime by a factor of ten. allowing accumulation of decaying algae andother oxygen demanding substances - which creates a barrier to themigration of anadromous fish. This problem, which manifests itself inlate summer and early autumn, is an impediment to a multimillion dollarhabitat restoration effort for the salmon fishery in the San JoaquinRiver basin (SJRB). A hydrodynamic and water quality model of the Deltaand San Joaquin River forms the basis of the DSS which will provideforecasts of dissolved oxygen sag in the DWSC and provide modelingsupport for management actions such as forced aeration to improvedissolved oxygen concentrations in the Ship Channel. A graphical userinterlace, currently used for displaying flow and salinity forecasts onthe San Joaquin River, is being adapted to allow the display of dissolvedoxygen forecasts and to encourage the formation of a stakeholder-ledentity or institution to adaptively manage the problem.

  1. The external design phase of the breeding and multigeneration support system: A tracking and decision support system for NCTR (National Center for Toxicological Research)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strand, R.; Cox, T.L.; Sjoreen, A.; Alvic, D.

    1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) is the basic research arm of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The NCTR has upgraded and standardized its computer operations on Digital Equipment Corporation VAX minicomputers using Software AG's ADABAS data base management system for all research applications. The NCTR is currently performing a large study to improve the functionality of the animal husbandry systems and applications called Breeding/Multigeneration Support System (BMSS). When functional, it will operate on VAX equipment using the ADABAS data base management system, TDMS, and COBOL. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is supporting NCTR in the design, prototyping, and software engineering of the BMSS. This document summarizes the external design elements that include data entry screens, screen reports, summary and status reports, and functional definitions of screen and report data. ORNL will provide research support to NCTR in the additional phases of systems life cycle development for BMSS. ORNL has prepared this document according to NCTR's Standard Operating Procedures for Systems Development. 8 figs., 7 tabs.

  2. rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci-sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are sup-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    are combined to provide best practices for how to handle the current situation. Verdande Technology hasD rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells on the surface and downhole when drilling. The real-time analysis identifies symptoms of problems, which

  3. Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems Ian Davidson and Ryszard a decision support framework for logistics problems. The research covers methodologies, technologies and software tools. The framework considers typical characteristics of real-world logistics problems, common

  4. Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems Ian Davidson and Ryszard a decision support framework for logistics problems. The research covers methodologies, technologies and software tools. The framework considers typical characteristics of real­world logistics problems, common

  5. 1. " The impact of personal and organizational factors on the use of decision support systems by the Jordanian corporations in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of marketing managers in Jordan corporations enrolled in Amman Stock Exchange. A random sample has been in marketing decision - taking at the Jordan corporations with high level. 2- There were no significant the usage level of DSS when taking the marketing decisions. The study recommended the necessity

  6. Elements of an environmental decision support system for seasonal wetland salt management in a river basin subjected to water quality regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seasonally managed wetlands in the Grasslands Basin on the west-side of California's San Joaquin Valley provide food and shelter for migratory wildfowl during winter months and sport for waterfowl hunters during the annual duck season. Surface water supply to these wetlands contain salt which, when drained to the San Joaquin River during the annual drawdown period, can negatively impact water quality and cause concern to downstream agricultural riparian water diverters. Recent environmental regulation, limiting discharges salinity to the San Joaquin River and primarily targeting agricultural non-point sources, now also targets return flows from seasonally managed wetlands. Real-time water quality management has been advocated as a means of continuously matching salt loads discharged from agricultural, wetland and municipal operations to the assimilative capacity of the San Joaquin River. Past attempts to build environmental monitoring and decision support systems (EDSS's) to implement this concept have enjoyed limited success for reasons that are discussed in this paper. These reasons are discussed in the context of more general challenges facing the successful implementation of a comprehensive environmental monitoring, modelling and decision support system for the San Joaquin River Basin.

  7. Decision support software technology demonstration plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SULLIVAN,T.; ARMSTRONG,A.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance evaluation of innovative and alternative environmental technologies is an integral part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) mission. Early efforts focused on evaluating technologies that supported the implementation of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts. In 1986 the Agency began to demonstrate and evaluate the cost and performance of remediation and monitoring technologies under the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program (in response to the mandate in the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)). In 1990, the US Technology Policy was announced. This policy placed a renewed emphasis on making the best use of technology in achieving the national goals of improved quality of life for all Americans, continued economic growth, and national security. In the spirit of the technology policy, the Agency began to direct a portion of its resources toward the promotion, recognition, acceptance, and use of US-developed innovative environmental technologies both domestically and abroad. Decision Support Software (DSS) packages integrate environmental data and simulation models into a framework for making site characterization, monitoring, and cleanup decisions. To limit the scope which will be addressed in this demonstration, three endpoints have been selected for evaluation: Visualization; Sample Optimization; and Cost/Benefit Analysis. Five topics are covered in this report: the objectives of the demonstration; the elements of the demonstration plan; an overview of the Site Characterization and Monitoring Technology Pilot; an overview of the technology verification process; and the purpose of this demonstration plan.

  8. Elements of a decision support system for real-time management ofdissolved oxygen in the San Joaquin River deep water ship channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.; Jacobs, Karl; Chen, Carl W.; Stringfellow, WilliamT.

    2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision support system (DSS) has been designed and will be implemented over the next three years to assist in the control and management of episodes of low dissolved oxygen (DO) in a Deep Water Ship Channel (DWSC), located near Stockton, California. The DSS integrates three information technology functions. The first part is the collection and management of data on flow, pollution loads and water quality. The second part is the simulation model which can forecast the dissolved oxygen sag in the DWSC and determine management actions necessary to improve dissolved oxygen concentrations. The third part is the graphical user interface, which facilitates the computer simulations and posting of the forecasted dissolved oxygen and remedial measures to a stakeholder group for implementations.

  9. assessment decision support: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    program for salmonids on the north coast. The Departments of Fish and Game, Forestry and Fire Protection, California Standiford, Richard B. 4 Decision-support tool for...

  10. Integrated Modeling and Decision-Support System for Water Management in the Puget Sound Basin: Snow Caps to White Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copping, Andrea E.; Yang, Zhaoqing; Voisin, Nathalie; Richey, Jeff; Wang, Taiping; Taira, Randal Y.; Constans, Michael; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Van Cleve, Frances B.; Tesfa, Teklu K.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Final Report for the EPA-sponsored project Snow Caps to White Caps that provides data products and insight for water resource managers to support their predictions and management actions to address future changes in water resources (fresh and marine) in the Puget Sound basin. This report details the efforts of a team of scientists and engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the University of Washington (UW) to examine the movement of water in the Snohomish Basin, within the watershed and the estuary, under present and future conditions, using a set of linked numerical models.

  11. B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ), or by application of vast amounts of manures or other organic resources, e.g., sods of peat in northern Belgium [5B. Vanlauwe et al.Decision support for organic resource management Original article Organic resource management in sub-Saharan Africa: validation of a residue quality-driven decision support system

  12. SU-E-J-04: A Data-Driven, Response-Based, Multi-Criteria Decision Support System for Personalized Lung Radiation Treatment Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Y; McShan, D; Schipper, M; Matuszak, M; Ten Haken, R [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Kong, F [Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA (Georgia)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop a decision support tool to predict a patient's potential overall survival (OS) and radiation induced toxicity (RIT) based on clinical factors and responses during the course of radiotherapy, and suggest appropriate radiation dose adjustments to improve therapeutic effect. Methods: Important relationships between a patient's basic information and their clinical features before and during the radiation treatment are identified from historical clinical data by using statistical learning and data mining approaches. During each treatment period, a data analysis (DA) module predicts radiotherapy features such as time to local progression (TTLP), time to distant metastases (TTDM), radiation toxicity to different organs, etc., under possible future treatment plans based on patient specifics or responses. An information fusion (IF) module estimates intervals for a patient's OS and the probabilities of RIT from a treatment plan by integrating the outcomes of module DA. A decision making (DM) module calculates “satisfaction” with the predicted radiation outcome based on trade-offs between OS and RIT, and finds the best treatment plan for the next time period via multi-criteria optimization. Results: Using physical and biological data from 130 lung cancer patients as our test bed, we were able to train and implement the 3 modules of our decision support tool. Examples demonstrate how it can help predict a new patient's potential OS and RIT with different radiation dose plans along with how these combinations change with dose, thus presenting a range of satisfaction/utility for use in individualized decision support. Conclusion: Although the decision support tool is currently developed from a small patient sample size, it shows the potential for the improvement of each patient's satisfaction in personalized radiation therapy. The radiation treatment outcome prediction and decision making model needs to be evaluated with more patients and demonstrated for use in radiation treatments for other cancers. P01-CA59827;R01CA142840.

  13. North Slope Decision Support for Water Resource Planning and Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnabel, William; Brumbelow, Kelly

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to enhance the water resource decision-making process with respect to oil and gas exploration/production activities on Alaska’s North Slope. To this end, a web-based software tool was developed to allow stakeholders to assemble, evaluate, and communicate relevant information between and amongst themselves. The software, termed North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS), is a visually-referenced database that provides a platform for running complex natural system, planning, and optimization models. The NSDSS design was based upon community input garnered during a series of stakeholder workshops, and the end product software is freely available to all stakeholders via the project website. The tool now resides on servers hosted by the UAF Water and Environmental Research Center, and will remain accessible and free-of-charge for all interested stakeholders. The development of the tool fostered new advances in the area of data evaluation and decision support technologies, and the finished product is envisioned to enhance water resource planning activities on Alaska’s North Slope.

  14. Transfer of Physical and Hydraulic Properties Databases to the Hanford Environmental Information System - PNNL Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Middleton, Lisa A.

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the requirements for transferring physical and hydraulic property data compiled by PNNL into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS). The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support Hanford Site waste management and remedial action decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and one of their current site contractors - CH2M-Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC). The objective of Task 1, Activity 6 of the RDS project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library.1 These physical and hydraulic property data are used to estimate parameters for analytical and numerical flow and transport models that are used for site risk assessments and evaluation of remedial action alternatives. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the original objectives of this activity on the RDS project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft Access database files used by SoilVision{reg_sign} into HEIS, which is currently being maintained by CHRPC, (3) develop a Virtual Library module for accessing these data from HEIS, and (4) write a User's Manual for the Virtual Library module. The intent of these activities is to make the available physical and hydraulic property data more readily accessible and useable by technical staff and operable unit managers involved in waste site assessments and remedial action decisions for Hanford. In FY08 communications were established between PNNL and staff from Fluor-Hanford Co. (who formerly managed HEIS) to outline the design of a Virtual Library module that could be used to access the physical and hydraulic property data that are to be transferred into HEIS. Data dictionaries used by SoilVision{reg_sign} were also provided to Fluor-Hanford personnel (who are now with CHPRC). During ongoing work to ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data that currently reside in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database, it was recognized that further work would be required in this effort before the data were actually ported into HEIS. Therefore work on the Virtual Library module development and an accompanying User's Guide was deferred until an unspecified later date. In FY09 efforts have continued to verify the traceability and defensibility of the physical and hydraulic property datasets that are currently being maintained by PNNL. Although this is a work in progress, several of these datasets should be ready for transfer to HEIS in the very near future. This document outlines a plan for the migration of these datasets into HEIS.

  15. Strategies and Decision Support Systems for Integrating Variable Energy Resources in Control Centers for Reliable Grid Operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Lawrence E.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variety of studies have recently evaluated the opportunities for the large-scale integration of wind energy into the US power system. These studies have included, but are not limited to, "20 Percent Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to US Electricity Supply", the "Western Wind and Solar Integration Study", and the "Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study." Each of these US based studies have evaluated a variety of activities that can be undertaken by utilities to help integrate wind energy.

  16. Microsoft Word - Improved Interfaces and Decision Support_FINAL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the skill sets and performance of today's system operators. * Customer Decision Making - Demand Response (DR) systems will provide information to customers in easily understood...

  17. Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making by Howard W. Reeves1 improve water resources management by illustrating the nonlinear behavior of the coupled system (Pahl systems arise from the decisions of many individuals and groups (Holland 1995; Batty 2005). For the agent

  18. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.; Ortega, R.; Rahilly, P.; Johnson, C.B.

    2011-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The project has provided science-based tools for the long-term management of salinity in drainage discharges from wetlands to the San Joaquin River. The results of the project are being used to develop best management practices (BMP) and a decision support system to assist wetland managers adjust the timing of salt loads delivered to the San Joaquin River during spring drawdown. Adaptive drainage management scheduling has the potential to improve environmental compliance with salinity objectives in the Lower San Joaquin River by reducing the frequency of violation of Vernalis salinity standards, especially in dry and critically dry years. The paired approach to project implementation whereby adaptively managed and traditional practices were monitored in a side-by-side fashion has provided a quantitative measure of the impacts of the project on the timing of salt loading to the San Joaquin River. The most significant accomplishments of the project has been the technology transfer to wetland biologists, ditch tenders and water managers within the Grasslands Ecological Area. This “learning by doing” has build local community capacity within the Grassland Water District and California Department of Fish and Game providing these institutions with new capability to assess and effectively manage salinity within their wetlands while simultaneously providing benefits to salinity management of the San Joaquin River.

  19. A decision-support model for managing the fuel inventory of a Panamanian generating company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez-Franco, Roberto, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bahia Las Minas Corp (BLM) is a fuelpowered generating company in the Panamanian power system. The purpose of this thesis is to design and evaluate a decision-support model for managing the fuel inventory of this company. ...

  20. MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012 TT 12:30-2:00, GSB 3.106 Professor James S. Dyer. Materials Required: The primary textbook is: (C&R) Clemen, R. and Reilly, T., Making Hard Decisions, South Grove, CA: Duxbury Press (ISBN 0-324-66244-0) (TM) Titman, T. and J. D. Martin. 2011, 2 nd Edition

  1. Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support Tools for Drivers Conference Center Refreshments available at 3:30 pm Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have become electric vehicles. #12;

  2. Making Risk Models Operational for Situational Awareness and Decision Support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, Patrick R.; Coles, Garill A.; Shoemaker, Steven V.

    2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernization of nuclear power operations control systems, in particular the move to digital control systems, creates an opportunity to modernize existing legacy infrastructure and extend plant life. We describe here decision support tools that allow the assessment of different facets of risk and support the optimization of available resources to reduce risk as plants are upgraded and maintained. This methodology could become an integrated part of the design review process and a part of the operations management systems. The methodology can be applied to the design of new reactors such as small nuclear reactors (SMR), and be helpful in assessing the risks of different configurations of the reactors. Our tool provides a low cost evaluation of alternative configurations and provides an expanded safety analysis by considering scenarios while early in the implementation cycle where cost impacts can be minimized. The effects of failures can be modeled and thoroughly vetted to understand their potential impact on risk. The process and tools presented here allow for an integrated assessment of risk by supporting traditional defense in depth approaches while taking into consideration the insertion of new digital instrument and control systems.

  3. Status Report on Transfer of Physical and Hydraulic Properties Databases to the Hanford Environmental Information System - PNNL Remediation Decision Support Project, Task 1, Activity 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Middleton, Lisa A.; Cantrell, Kirk J.

    2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a status report on efforts to transfer physical and hydraulic property data from PNNL to CHPRC for incorporation into HEIS. The Remediation Decision Support (RDS) Project is managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support Hanford Site waste management and remedial action decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and their contractors. The objective of Task 1, Activity 6 of the RDS project is to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for sediments from the Hanford Site, to port these data into the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), and to make the data web-accessible to anyone on the Hanford Local Area Network via the so-called Virtual Library. These physical and hydraulic property data are used to estimate parameters for analytical and numerical flow and transport models that are used for site risk assessments and evaluation of remedial action alternatives. In past years efforts were made by RDS project staff to compile all available physical and hydraulic property data for Hanford sediments and to transfer these data into SoilVision{reg_sign}, a commercial geotechnical software package designed for storing, analyzing, and manipulating soils data. Although SoilVision{reg_sign} has proven to be useful, its access and use restrictions have been recognized as a limitation to the effective use of the physical and hydraulic property databases by the broader group of potential users involved in Hanford waste site issues. In order to make these data more widely available and useable, a decision was made to port them to HEIS and to make them web-accessible via a Virtual Library module. In FY08 the original objectives of this activity on the RDS project were to: (1) ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data currently residing in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database maintained by PNNL, (2) transfer the physical and hydraulic property data from the Microsoft Access database files used by SoilVision{reg_sign} into HEIS, which is currently being maintained by CH2M-Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHRPC), (3) develop a Virtual Library module for accessing these data from HEIS, and (4) write a User's Manual for the Virtual Library module. The intent of these activities is to make the available physical and hydraulic property data more readily accessible and useable by technical staff and operable unit managers involved in waste site assessments and remedial action decisions for Hanford. In FY08 communications were established between PNNL and staff from Fluor-Hanford Co. (who formerly managed HEIS) to outline the design of a Virtual Library module that could be used to access the physical and hydraulic property data that are to be transferred into HEIS. Data dictionaries used by SoilVision{reg_sign} were also provided to Fluor-Hanford personnel who are now with CHPRC. During ongoing work to ensure traceability and defensibility of all physical and hydraulic property data that currently reside in the SoilVision{reg_sign} database, it was recognized that further work would be required in this effort before the data were actually ported into HEIS. Therefore work on the Virtual Library module development and an accompanying User's Guide was deferred until an unspecified later date. In FY09 efforts have continued to verify the traceability and defensibility of the physical and hydraulic property datasets that are currently being maintained by PNNL. Although this is a work in progress, several of these datasets are now ready for transfer to CHRPC for inclusion in HEIS. The actual loading of data into HEIS is performed by CHPRC staff, so after the data are transferred from PNNL to CHPRC, it will be the responsibility of CHPRC to ensure that these data are loaded and made accessible. This document provides a status report on efforts to transfer physical and hydraulic property data from PNNL to CHPRC for incorporation into HEIS.

  4. Interactive Decision Support for Risk Management: a Qualitative Evaluation in Cancer Genetic Counselling Sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasspool, David W.; Oettinger, Ayelet; Braithwaite, Dejana; Fox, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    10.1007/s13187-009-0035-8 Interactive Decision Support forcounselling. Keywords Interactive decision support . Riskparticularly the dynamic, interactive display with its fast

  5. Systems Biology Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entities (e.g., molecular, cellular, organism, ecological) #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Systems/analysis of perception, attention, choice, learning, optimality,... #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Group decision making, evolution and ecology Current work: Modeling/analysis of coordinated motion, foraging, choice

  6. Logic-Based Decision Support for Strategic Environmental Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavanelli, Marco; Milano, Michela; Cagnoli, Paolo; 10.1017/S1471068410000335

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strategic Environmental Assessment is a procedure aimed at introducing systematic assessment of the environmental effects of plans and programs. This procedure is based on the so-called coaxial matrices that define dependencies between plan activities (infrastructures, plants, resource extractions, buildings, etc.) and positive and negative environmental impacts, and dependencies between these impacts and environmental receptors. Up to now, this procedure is manually implemented by environmental experts for checking the environmental effects of a given plan or program, but it is never applied during the plan/program construction. A decision support system, based on a clear logic semantics, would be an invaluable tool not only in assessing a single, already defined plan, but also during the planning process in order to produce an optimized, environmentally assessed plan and to study possible alternative scenarios. We propose two logic-based approaches to the problem, one based on Constraint Logic Programming a...

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Decision Support for Integrated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    platforms (i.e., system dynamics to detailed energywater management models) with geospatial databases and visualization tools. Further, this framework will integrate analysis...

  8. Name, title of the presentation Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is not straight forward ­ Conflicting goals ­ Insufficient information available (uncertainty) on the security that the security risks have on the system behaviour ­ Insufficient information available (uncertainty) ­ Insufficient information available (uncertainty) related to the actual effect of various alternative security

  9. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high' level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the glue'' or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  10. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high` level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the ``glue`` or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  11. Reactor vessel support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Golden, Martin P. (Trafford, PA); Holley, John C. (McKeesport, PA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor vessel support system includes a support ring at the reactor top supported through a box ring on a ledge of the reactor containment. The box ring includes an annular space in the center of its cross-section to reduce heat flow and is keyed to the support ledge to transmit seismic forces from the reactor vessel to the containment structure. A coolant channel is provided at the outside circumference of the support ring to supply coolant gas through the keyways to channels between the reactor vessel and support ledge into the containment space.

  12. Decision support for the general aviation pilot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcorn, W. P.; Lee, K. A.; Ward, D. T.; Trang, J. A.; Krishnamurthy, K.; Crump, J. W.; Branham, P. A.; Woo, D. L. Y.; Ren-Jye Yu; Robbins, A. C.; Painter, John H.; Kelly, W. E. III

    1997-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    years, encouraging the FAA to predict a growth in the active aircraft fleet of over 15,000 units between 1996 and 2008 [3]. But this rosy growth pattern is based on a number of assumptions, and the report warns, ?...the actual rate of growth... is necessary for flight certification. The flight test evaluation to be flown this Fall is the final step in system evolution before it goes into the FAA certification, the last step in transforming this prototype software into a commercial product...

  13. Vessel structural support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jenko, James X. (N. Versailles, PA); Ott, Howard L. (Kiski Twp., Allegheny County, PA); Wilson, Robert M. (Plum Boro, PA); Wepfer, Robert M. (Murrysville, PA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vessel structural support system for laterally and vertically supporting a vessel, such as a nuclear steam generator having an exterior bottom surface and a side surface thereon. The system includes a bracket connected to the bottom surface. A support column is pivotally connected to the bracket for vertically supporting the steam generator. The system also includes a base pad assembly connected pivotally to the support column for supporting the support column and the steam generator. The base pad assembly, which is capable of being brought to a level position by turning leveling nuts, is anchored to a floor. The system further includes a male key member attached to the side surface of the steam generator and a female stop member attached to an adjacent wall. The male key member and the female stop member coact to laterally support the steam generator. Moreover, the system includes a snubber assembly connected to the side surface of the steam generator and also attached to the adjacent wall for dampening lateral movement of the steam generator. In addition, the system includes a restraining member of "flat" attached to the side surface of the steam generator and a bumper attached to the adjacent wall. The flat and the bumper coact to further laterally support the steam generator.

  14. Decision Support Tool for Desert Tortoises Near Solar Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decision Support Tool for Desert Tortoises Near Solar Installations ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH of renewable energy is of vital importance. Through its focus on reducing the environmental impacts of solar PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ environmental/index.html April 2011 The Issue

  15. GLIDES PROJECT GuideLines Into DEcision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Daeyeol

    GLIDES PROJECT GuideLines Into DEcision Support sponsored by The Agency for Healthcare Research;Topics · GLIDES 4-level "stack" ­ NarraAve guideline with quality, implementabilityLon, and local coding/linking ­ To Formal Quality Measure via QDM, eMeasure · BRIDGE

  16. Mining Diabetes Complication and Treatment Patterns for Clinical Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mining Diabetes Complication and Treatment Patterns for Clinical Decision Support Lu Liu , Jie Tang to utilize the heterogeneous medical records to aid the clinical treatments of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus, simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases, which is often accompa- nied with many

  17. KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    for capturing and reusing experience and best practice in industrial operations5-7 . CBR as a technology has nowKNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING Combining general and case-specific knowledge of Computer and Information Science. agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract: Oil well drilling is a complex process

  18. Cryogenic support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nicol, Thomas H. (Aurora, IL); Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL); Gonczy, John D. (Oak Lawn, IL)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support system is disclosed for restraining large masses at very low or cryogenic temperatures. The support system employs a tie bar that is pivotally connected at opposite ends to an anchoring support member and a sliding support member. The tie bar extends substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cold mass assembly, and comprises a rod that lengthens when cooled and a pair of end attachments that contract when cooled. The rod and end attachments are sized so that when the tie bar is cooled to cryogenic temperature, the net change in tie bar length is approximately zero. Longitudinal force directed against the cold mass assembly is distributed by the tie bar between the anchoring support member and the sliding support member.

  19. Cryogenic support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nicol, T.H.; Niemann, R.C.; Gonczy, J.D.

    1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support system is disclosed for restraining large masses at very low or cryogenic temperatures. The support system employs a tie bar that is pivotally connected at opposite ends to an anchoring support member and a sliding support member. The tie bar extends substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cold mass assembly, and comprises a rod that lengthens when cooled and a pair of end attachments that contract when cooled. The rod and end attachments are sized so that when the tie bar is cooled to cryogenic temperature, the net change in tie bar length is approximately zero. Longitudinal force directed against the cold mass assembly is distributed by the tie bar between the anchoring support member and the sliding support member. 7 figs.

  20. Steam generator support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moldenhauer, J.E.

    1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source is disclosed. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances. 4 figs.

  1. Steam generator support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moldenhauer, James E. (Simi Valley, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support system for connection to an outer surface of a J-shaped steam generator for use with a nuclear reactor or other liquid metal cooled power source. The J-shaped steam generator is mounted with the bent portion at the bottom. An arrangement of elongated rod members provides both horizontal and vertical support for the steam generator. The rod members are interconnected to the steam generator assembly and a support structure in a manner which provides for thermal distortion of the steam generator without the transfer of bending moments to the support structure and in a like manner substantially minimizes forces being transferred between the support structure and the steam generator as a result of seismic disturbances.

  2. Estimating traffic flows and environmental effects of urban commercial supply in global city logistics decision support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    logistics decision support Jesús González Feliu Laboratoire d'Economie des Transports Frédéric Henriot for the entire urban logistics system. The model shows the relation between several aspects of commercial on representative scenarios are proposed. Introduction City logistics studies the urban part of the logistic chain

  3. Decision support for integrated water-energy planning.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Kobos, Peter Holmes; Castillo, Cesar; Hart, William Eugene; Klise, Geoffrey T.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, electrical power generation uses about 140 billion gallons of water per day accounting for over 39% of all freshwater withdrawals thus competing with irrigated agriculture as the leading user of water. Coupled to this water use is the required pumping, conveyance, treatment, storage and distribution of the water which requires on average 3% of all electric power generated. While water and energy use are tightly coupled, planning and management of these fundamental resources are rarely treated in an integrated fashion. Toward this need, a decision support framework has been developed that targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. The framework integrates analysis and optimization capabilities to identify trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., national, state, county, watershed, NERC region). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. Ultimately, this open and interactive modeling framework provides a tool for evaluating competing policy and technical options relevant to the energy-water nexus.

  4. Decision Analysis System for Selection of Appropriate Decontamination Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebadian, M.A.; Boudreaux, J.F.; Chinta, S.; Zanakis, S.H.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal objective for designing Decision Analysis System for Decontamination (DASD) is to support DOE-EM's endeavor to employ the most efficient and effective technologies for treating radiologically contaminated surfaces while minimizing personnel and environmental risks. DASD will provide a tool for environmental decision makers to improve the quality, consistency, and efficacy of their technology selection decisions. The system will facilitate methodical comparisons between innovative and baseline decontamination technologies and aid in identifying the most suitable technologies for performing surface decontamination at DOE environmental restoration sites.

  5. weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuter, Martin

    · weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective WeatherTraffic Management Decision Support During Convective Weather Mark E. Weber, James E. Evans, William R. Moser algorithm. #12;· weber, evans, moser, and newell Air Traffic Management Decision Support During Convective

  6. REVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . To support farmers and efficiently allocate scarce resources, decision support models are developed. DecisionREVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions. A review JĂ©rĂ´me Dury /Published online: 8 July 2011 # INRA and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Farmers must

  7. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

  8. Sandia Energy - Decision Support for Integrated Energy-Water Planning

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatings Initiated at PNNL's SequimReactors ToDecision Support for

  9. Decision Support for Operations and Maintenance (DSOM) - Energy Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support for Operations and Maintenance

  10. Medication recommendations vs. peer practice in pediatric levothyroxine dosing : a study of collective intelligence from a clinical data warehouse as a potential model for clinical decision support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheufele, Elisabeth Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) are developed primarily from knowledge gleaned from evidence-based research, guidelines, trusted resources and domain experts. While these resources generally represent information ...

  11. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    System  for  Real-­?Time  Management  of  Water  Quality  Management  of  hydrologic  systems  for  water  quality  system  development  for  seasonal  wetland  salt   management  in  a  river  basin  subjected  to  water  quality  

  12. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trimble  GPS  and  Allegro  logging  unit.   Figure  the   survey   on   the   Allegro   Cx.   The  software  on  a  Juniper   Systems  Allegro  Cx,  a  rugged,  hand-­?

  13. Parallel object-oriented decision tree system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kamath; Chandrika (Dublin, CA), Cantu-Paz; Erick (Oakland, CA)

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A data mining decision tree system that uncovers patterns, associations, anomalies, and other statistically significant structures in data by reading and displaying data files, extracting relevant features for each of the objects, and using a method of recognizing patterns among the objects based upon object features through a decision tree that reads the data, sorts the data if necessary, determines the best manner to split the data into subsets according to some criterion, and splits the data.

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - automated decision support Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for human and automation aiding was not supported when... decisions on the use of in-vehicle automation. These include ... Source: Kaber, David B. - Department of Industrial...

  15. CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Research and Applications On Validating Engineering Design Decision Support Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Kemper E.

    CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Research and Applications On Validating Engineering Design Decision Support the concurrent engineering research community. Key Words: Decision Based Design (DBD), House of Quality, Suh specifically for concurrent engineering applications. This list is by no means exhaustive, as other decision

  16. Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivation – Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design – An item analysis indicated that the operators’ Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value – This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message – The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

  17. Decision-support tools for the assessment process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whelan, Gene; Pelton, Mitch A.; Dorow, Kevin E.

    2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A new software system is under development that provides a framework to link disparate assessment software and databases for site-specific, regional, or national analyses. This system represents the merger of the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES), which performs site-specific assessments, and Multi-media, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Risk Assessment (3MRA) methodology, which performs regional and national assessments. This Merged System is an icon-driven, site-layout platform, which represents an interactive means by which the user graphically constructs a conceptualization of the problem by visually expressing the assessment, indicating sources of contamination, contaminant travel pathways through the environment, linkages between contamination and people or wildlife, and impacts associated with the contamination. It processes data as part of a systems-based assessment and is an open-architecture, object-oriented framework, which contains ''sockets'' for a collection of databases and computer codes that will transparently simulate elements of transport, exposure, and risk assessment, including contaminant source and release to and through overland soils, vadose and saturated zones, air, surface water, food supply, intake human health impacts, sensitivity/uncertainty, ecological impacts, with the ability to expand into areas including Geographical Information System (GIS), remediation technology, cost analysis, Data Quality Objectives, life-cycle management, and conceptual site design. A user can choose from a list of models, and the assessment path forward can be visually presented, which describes the models and their linkages from source through receptor to the decision-making endpoint.

  18. Making Compressed Air System Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porri, R. E.

    . The design of a compressed air system was formerly limited to the selection of an air compressor large enough to deliver sufficient compressed air for the estimated system requirements. As system air requirements grew, additional compressors were added... specification, selection and installation process will follow. BACKGROUND For more than 100 years compressed air has been used throughout industry as a safe and reliable utility. The generation of this utility is performed by an air compressor. The first...

  19. Representing Uncertainty in Decision Support Harvey J. Greenberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Harvey J.

    overlapping factors. · Source of uncertainty. Is it a future event, such as product demand? Is it ignorance defines a proven reserve? · Time scale. Is the decision a strategic one, to cover a planning horizon? Is it a major setback, such as the loss of a company? Is it catastrophic, such as the loss of a city? · Decision

  20. Reactor vessel support system. [LMFBR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Golden, M.P.; Holley, J.C.

    1980-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A reactor vessel support system includes a support ring at the reactor top supported through a box ring on a ledge of the reactor containment. The box ring includes an annular space in the center of its cross-section to reduce heat flow and is keyed to the support ledge to transmit seismic forces from the reactor vessel to the containment structure. A coolant channel is provided at the outside circumference of the support ring to supply coolant gas through the keyways to channels between the reactor vessel and support ledge into the containment space.

  1. Submitted to Decision Support Systems manuscript DSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    stimulation and churn management are examples of DSS applications, where centrality of customers does play topology and diffusion process. The simple out-degree centrality performed well in all treatments. Key for tasks such as churn prediction or campaign management to raise product or brand awareness [6

  2. Decision support models for solid waste management: Review and game-theoretic approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karmperis, Athanasios C., E-mail: athkarmp@mail.ntua.gr [Sector of Industrial Management and Operational Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens (Greece); Army Corps of Engineers, Hellenic Army General Staff, Ministry of Defence (Greece); Aravossis, Konstantinos; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.; Sotirchos, Anastasios [Sector of Industrial Management and Operational Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens (Greece)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? The mainly used decision support frameworks for solid waste management are reviewed. ? The LCA, CBA and MCDM models are presented and their strengths, weaknesses, similarities and possible combinations are analyzed. ? The game-theoretic approach in a solid waste management context is presented. ? The waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework. ? Cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches to decision support for solid waste management are discussed. - Abstract: This paper surveys decision support models that are commonly used in the solid waste management area. Most models are mainly developed within three decision support frameworks, which are the life-cycle assessment, the cost–benefit analysis and the multi-criteria decision-making. These frameworks are reviewed and their strengths and weaknesses as well as their critical issues are analyzed, while their possible combinations and extensions are also discussed. Furthermore, the paper presents how cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches can be used for the purpose of modeling and analyzing decision-making in situations with multiple stakeholders. Specifically, since a waste management model is sustainable when considering not only environmental and economic but also social aspects, the waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework in which future models can be developed.

  3. Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

  4. Computeer-based decision support tools for evaluation of actions affecting flow and water quality in the San Joaquin Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a preliminary effort to draw together some of the important simulation models that are available to Reclamation or that have been developed by Reclamation since 1987. This document has also attempted to lay out a framework by which these models might be used both for the purposes for which they were originally intended and to support the analysis of other issues that relate to the hydrology and to salt and water quality management within the San Joaquin Valley. To be successful as components of a larger Decision Support System the models should to be linked together using custom designed interfaces that permit data sharing between models and that are easy to use. Several initiatives are currently underway within Reclamation to develop GIS - based and graphics - based decision support systems to improve the general level of understanding of the models currently in use, to standardize the methodology used in making planning and operations studies and to permit improved data analysis, interpretation and display. The decision support systems should allow greater participation in the planning process, allow the analysis of innovative actions that are currently difficult to study with present models and should lead to better integrated and more comprehensive plans and policy decisions in future years.

  5. The role of transfer-appropriate processing in the effectiveness of decision-support graphics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiso, Michael E.

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The current project is an examination of the effectiveness of decision-support graphics in a simulated real-world task, and of the role those graphics should play in training. It is also an attempt to apply a theoretical ...

  6. Decision support tool for the tanker second-hand market using data mining techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaindros, Athanasios A. (Athanasios Andreas)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes an innovative decision support tool intended for market leaders and those anticipating market states of "sale and purchase". This is feasible with the use of powerful data mining techniques and the ...

  7. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS AN INNOVATIVE COMPUTER TOOL FOR SUPPORTING DECISIONS IN SME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS AN INNOVATIVE COMPUTER TOOL FOR SUPPORTING DECISIONS IN SME Justyna the model of sustainable development of SME based on using Business Intelligence as an innovative computer Management, Business Intelligence, SME BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE JAKO PRZYKLAD INNOWACYJNEGO NARZDZIA

  8. architecture decision support: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Websites Summary: SHARK: Architectural Support for Autonomic Protection Against Stealth by Rootkit Exploits Vikas R, in this paper, an autonomic architecture called...

  9. Water Optimizer Suite: Tools for Decision Support and Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    , irrigation system options, well and pump characteristics and water supply. Irrigation options include center pivot or gravity irrigation systems, well or canal delivery, and systems powered by electricity, diesel irrigation water when water supplies are limited. The Water Optimizer Suite consists of four separate

  10. Probabilistic Risk Based Decision Support for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Facilities in Sensitive Ecosystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Thoma; John Veil; Fred Limp; Jackson Cothren; Bruce Gorham; Malcolm Williamson; Peter Smith; Bob Sullivan

    2009-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes work performed during the initial period of the project 'Probabilistic Risk Based Decision Support for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Facilities in Sensitive Ecosystems.' The specific region that is within the scope of this study is the Fayetteville Shale Play. This is an unconventional, tight formation, natural gas play that currently has approximately 1.5 million acres under lease, primarily to Southwestern Energy Incorporated and Chesapeake Energy Incorporated. The currently active play encompasses a region from approximately Fort Smith, AR east to Little Rock, AR approximately 50 miles wide (from North to South). The initial estimates for this field put it almost on par with the Barnett Shale play in Texas. It is anticipated that thousands of wells will be drilled during the next several years; this will entail installation of massive support infrastructure of roads and pipelines, as well as drilling fluid disposal pits and infrastructure to handle millions of gallons of fracturing fluids. This project focuses on gas production in Arkansas as the test bed for application of proactive risk management decision support system for natural gas exploration and production. The activities covered in this report include meetings with representative stakeholders, development of initial content and design for an educational web site, and development and preliminary testing of an interactive mapping utility designed to provide users with information that will allow avoidance of sensitive areas during the development of the Fayetteville Shale Play. These tools have been presented to both regulatory and industrial stakeholder groups, and their feedback has been incorporated into the project.

  11. Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision Making Using representation, Reasoning under uncertainty 1 Introduction As the development of Smart Homes (SH) has gained.chahuara,francois.portet,michel.vacher}imag.fr Abstract. This research addresses the issue of building home automa- tion systems reactive to voice

  12. Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

  13. Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

  14. BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    BEHAVIOR PREDICTION FOR DECISION AND CONTROL IN COGNITIVE AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS ASOK RAY*, SHASHI for decision and control in cognitive autonomous systems. The objective is to coordinate human. 1. Introduction Modern human-engineered systems (e.g. power grid, communication, transportation

  15. United States Nuclear Command and Control System Support Staff. Directive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, R.

    1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Directive establishes, pursuant to National Security Decision Directive, August 21, 1987, and the authority vested in the Secretary of Defense, the U.S. Nuclear Command and Control System Support Staff under the direction, authority, and control of the Secretary of Defense, who also serves as the Executive Agent for the Nuclear Command and Control System (NCCS) (hereafter referred to as Executive Agent). The Directive establishes the DoD NCCS Executive Review Committee (ERC) in support of the Secretary of Defense. It assigns the responsibilities, functions, relationships and authorities of the U.S. NCCS Support Staff (NSS) and its Director, and those of the ERC.

  16. Decision Support for IntegratedDecision Support for Integrated WaterWater--Energy PlanningEnergy Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    , a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security/Commercial -Industrial -Agriculture -Environment -Energy Energy Providers -Peak/Base -Generation Type -Location -Capacity Dynamics: BroadSystem Dynamics: Broad PerspectivePerspective Energy for Water Municipal Use Agriculture

  17. Leading a Horse to Water: Using Automated Reminders to Increase Use of Online Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cimino, James J.

    Leading a Horse to Water: Using Automated Reminders to Increase Use of Online Decision Support during the course of clinical care. For example, Ely and colleagues found that physicians in clinical appropriate information resources in the course of patient care. Indeed, this is the method primarily used

  18. GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1 , S. Hatten2 , W in the seed industry, new applications emerge for mapping, analysis, and interpretation of cultivar. In addition, a geospatial framework was developed to identify the soil landscapes that had the best soil

  19. Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions for a sustainable energy future? Three teams, UMass, Harvard, and FEEM (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei), share a goal technologies to fund for optimal success for a sustainable energy future. Progress and Results · Created models

  20. Decision-support tool for assessing future nuclear reactor generation portfolios.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oosterlee, Cornelis W. "Kees"

    Decision-support tool for assessing future nuclear reactor generation portfolios. Shashi Jain, where especially capital costs are known to be highly uncertain. Differ- ent nuclear reactor types uncertainties in the cost elements of a nuclear power plant, to provide an optimal portfolio of nuclear reactors

  1. Opportune maintenance and predictive maintenance decision support douard Thomas, ric Levrat, Benoit Iung, Pierre Cocheteux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : When to perform a particular maintenance action? What components should benefit from a preventive maintenance action? Which components should first benefit from a preventive maintenance interventionOpportune maintenance and predictive maintenance decision support Ă?douard Thomas, Ă?ric Levrat

  2. Advanced Maintenance Modelling StatAvaries : An original multinet decision support tool for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the use of the preventive maintenance strategies on the availability of the network whereas the last model and preventive maintenance actions to delays before broken rails detection and related number of missed trains (aAdvanced Maintenance Modelling 1 StatAvaries : An original multinet decision support tool

  3. Decision Support Modeling and analysis of an auction-based logistics market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaesmen, Fikri

    Decision Support Modeling and analysis of an auction-based logistics market Semra Agrali a , Barisß a logistics spot market where the transportation orders from a number of firms are matched with two types that have lower costs. In order to analyze the effects of implementing a logistics spot market

  4. The Cloud Adoption Toolkit: Supporting Cloud Adoption Decisions in the Enterprise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    1 The Cloud Adoption Toolkit: Supporting Cloud Adoption Decisions in the Enterprise Ali Khajeh-Hosseini, David Greenwood, James W. Smith, Ian Sommerville Cloud Computing Co-laboratory, School of Computer Science University of St Andrews, UK {akh, dsg22, jws7, ifs}@cs.st-andrews.ac.uk Abstract Cloud computing

  5. Interactive Decision-Support Tool for Risk-Based Radiation Therapy Plan Comparison for Hodgkin Lymphoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodin, N. Patrik [Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, New York, New York (United States); Maraldo, Maja V., E-mail: dra.maraldo@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Aznar, Marianne C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Niels Bohr Institute, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Vogelius, Ivan R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Petersen, Peter M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Bentzen, Sřren M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Specht, Lena [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To present a novel tool that allows quantitative estimation and visualization of the risk of various relevant normal tissue endpoints to aid in treatment plan comparison and clinical decision making in radiation therapy (RT) planning for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods and Materials: A decision-support tool for risk-based, individualized treatment plan comparison is presented. The tool displays dose–response relationships, derived from published clinical data, for a number of relevant side effects and thereby provides direct visualization of the trade-off between these endpoints. The Quantitative Analyses of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic reports were applied, complemented with newer data where available. A “relevance score” was assigned to each data source, reflecting how relevant the input data are to current RT for HL. Results: The tool is applied to visualize the local steepness of dose–response curves to drive the reoptimization of a volumetric modulated arc therapy treatment plan for an HL patient with head-and-neck involvement. We also use this decision-support tool to visualize and quantitatively evaluate the trade-off between a 3-dimensional conformal RT plan and a volumetric modulated arc therapy plan for a patient with mediastinal HL. Conclusion: This multiple-endpoint decision-support tool provides quantitative risk estimates to supplement the clinical judgment of the radiation oncologist when comparing different RT options.

  6. COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COOPERATION BETWEEN BUSINESS AND HOLONIC MANUFACTURING DECISION SYSTEMS Rémi Pannequin, André holonic products, in order to enable cooperation between centralised business and distributed of the holonic product and finally study the possible interaction protocols between the products and the decision

  7. Decisions, Models, and Monitoring A Lifecycle Model for the Evolution of Service-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    . In this paper, we present a novel approach to support a continuous development lifecycle of SBSs. Our approach. During the course of the development phases, software architects and developers use different modelsDecisions, Models, and Monitoring ­ A Lifecycle Model for the Evolution of Service-Based Systems

  8. A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operator’s ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based on four underlying elements consisting of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, PI&D system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. At this point, the prototype simulates an interface to a sensor validation module and a fault diagnosis module. These two modules will be fully integrated in the next version of the prototype. The initial version of the prototype is now operational at the Idaho National Laboratory using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Human Systems Simulation Laboratory (HSSL). The HSSL is a full-scope, full-scale glass top simulator capable of simulating existing and future nuclear power plant main control rooms. The COSS is interfaced to the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor (gPWR) simulator with industry-typical control board layouts. The glass top panels display realistic images of the control boards that can be operated by touch gestures. A section of the simulated control board was dedicated to the COSS human-system interface (HSI), which resulted in a seamless integration of the COSS into the normal control room environment.

  9. A Computuerized Operator Support System Prototype

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Thomas; Ronald Boring; Roger Lew; Tom Ulrich; Richard Villim

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A report was published by the Idaho National Laboratory in September of 2012, entitled Design to Achieve Fault Tolerance and Resilience, which described the benefits of automating operator actions for transients. The report identified situations in which providing additional automation in lieu of operator actions would be advantageous. It recognized that managing certain plant upsets is sometimes limited by the operator’s ability to quickly diagnose the fault and to take the needed actions in the time available. Undoubtedly, technology is underutilized in the nuclear power industry for operator assistance during plant faults and operating transients. In contrast, other industry sectors have amply demonstrated that various forms of operator advisory systems can enhance operator performance while maintaining the role and responsibility of the operator as the independent and ultimate decision-maker. A computerized operator support system (COSS) is proposed for use in nuclear power plants to assist control room operators in addressing time-critical plant upsets. A COSS is a collection of technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS does not supplant the role of the operator, but rather provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast-moving, complex events. This project proposes a general model for a control room COSS that addresses a sequence of general tasks required to manage any plant upset: detection, validation, diagnosis, recommendation, monitoring, and recovery. The model serves as a framework for assembling a set of technologies that can be interrelated to assist with each of these tasks. A prototype COSS has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The prototype is based on four underlying elements consisting of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, PI&D system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. At this point, the prototype simulates an interface to a sensor validation module and a fault diagnosis module. These two modules will be fully integrated in the next version of the prototype. The initial version of the prototype is now operational at the Idaho National Laboratory using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Human Systems Simulation Laboratory (HSSL). The HSSL is a full-scope, full-scale glass top simulator capable of simulating existing and future nuclear power plant main control rooms. The COSS is interfaced to the Generic Pressurized Water Reactor (gPWR) simulator with industry-typical control board layouts. The glass top panels display realistic images of the control boards that can be operated by touch gestures. A section of the simulated control board was dedicated to the COSS human-system interface (HSI), which resulted in a seamless integration of the COSS into the normal control room environment.

  10. Conceptual air sparging decision tool in support of the development of an air sparging optimization decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The enclosed document describes a conceptual decision tool (hereinafter, Tool) for determining applicability of and for optimizing air sparging systems. The Tool was developed by a multi-disciplinary team of internationally recognized experts in air sparging technology, lead by a group of project and task managers at Parsons Engineering Science, Inc. (Parsons ES). The team included Mr. Douglas Downey and Dr. Robert Hinchee of Parsons ES, Dr. Paul Johnson of Arizona State University, Dr. Richard Johnson of Oregon Graduate Institute, and Mr. Michael Marley of Envirogen, Inc. User Community Panel Review was coordinated by Dr. Robert Siegrist of Colorado School of Mines (also of Oak Ridge National Laboratory) and Dr. Thomas Brouns of Battelle/Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The Tool is intended to provide guidance to field practitioners and environmental managers for evaluating the applicability and optimization of air sparging as remedial action technique.

  11. iRESM INITIATIVE UNDERSTANDING DECISION SUPPORT NEEDS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION --US Midwest Region—

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rice, Jennie S.; Runci, Paul J.; Moss, Richard H.; Anderson, Kate L.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The impacts of climate change are already affecting human and environmental systems worldwide, yet many uncertainties persist in the prediction of future climate changes and impacts due to limitations in scientific understanding of relevant causal factors. In particular, there is mounting urgency to efforts to improve models of human and environmental systems at the regional scale, and to integrate climate, ecosystem and energy-economic models to support policy, investment, and risk management decisions related to climate change mitigation (i.e., reducing greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation (i.e., responding to climate change impacts). The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is developing a modeling framework, the integrated Regional Earth System Model (iRESM), to address regional human-environmental system interactions in response to climate change and the uncertainties therein. The framework will consist of a suite of integrated models representing regional climate change, regional climate policy, and the regional economy, with a focus on simulating the mitigation and adaptation decisions made over time in the energy, transportation, agriculture, and natural resource management sectors.

  12. INFORMATION SYSTEMS SUPPORT FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    activities. The feature overlapping of production planning and quality control between both systems raises and distribution (Merrit1999) and have extend their scope to support quality control and production tracking: Manufacturing Enterprises, Enterprise Resource Planning, Manufacturing Execution Systems, Discrete Processes

  13. Administrative Systems Planning: Supporting Academic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Process Analysis Requirements Analysis Technical Design Development Implementation Operations Reviews (2007-2011) · Time Reporting System (A&FS) · Pre-Purchasing System (CA&ES) · Campus Asset academic enterprise to maximize learning and research outcomes ­ Reforming our administrative operations

  14. Supporting Multiple Workloads, Batch Systems,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure ofIndustrialSupporting Data-Producing Facilities

  15. PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support...

  16. Network support for system initiated checkpoints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Dong; Heidelberger, Philip

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A system, method and computer program product for supporting system initiated checkpoints in parallel computing systems. The system and method generates selective control signals to perform checkpointing of system related data in presence of messaging activity associated with a user application running at the node. The checkpointing is initiated by the system such that checkpoint data of a plurality of network nodes may be obtained even in the presence of user applications running on highly parallel computers that include ongoing user messaging activity.

  17. Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) Assessment Report for Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chvala, William D.; Solana, Amy E.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the findings of the Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) assessment at Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico, by a team of PNNL engineers under contract to the Installation Management Agency (IMA) Southeast Region Office (SERO). Funding support was also provided by the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. The purpose of the assessment was to determine how energy is consumed at Fort Buchanan, identify the most cost-effective energy retrofit measures, and calculate the potential energy and cost savings.

  18. Compressive Video Classification for Decision Systems with Limited Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsakalides, Panagiotis

    by the introduction of efficient computational models is video classification. With the advent of digital TVCompressive Video Classification for Decision Systems with Limited Resources George Tzagkarakis, Pavlos Charalampidis, Grigorios Tsagkatakis, Jean-Luc Starck, and Panagiotis Tsakalides Commissariat `a l'´Energie

  19. Information technology and decision support tools for stakeholder-driven river basin salinity management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T; Cozad, D.B.; Lee, G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovative strategies for effective basin-scale salinity management have been developed in the Hunter River Basin of Australia and more recently in the San Joaquin River Basin of California. In both instances web-based stakeholder information dissemination has been a key to achieving a high level of stakeholder involvement and the formulation of effective decision support salinity management tools. A common element to implementation of salinity management strategies in both river basins has been the concept of river assimilative capacity for controlling export salt loading and the potential for trading of the right to discharge salt load to the river - the Hunter River in Australia and the San Joaquin River in California. Both rivers provide basin drainage and the means of exporting salt to the ocean. The paper compares and contrasts the use of monitoring, modeling and information dissemination in the two basins to achieve environmental compliance and sustain irrigated agriculture in an equitable and socially and politically acceptable manner.

  20. Pressure vessel sliding support unit and system using the sliding support unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Breach, Michael R.; Keck, David J.; Deaver, Gerald A.

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided is a sliding support and a system using the sliding support unit. The sliding support unit may include a fulcrum capture configured to attach to a support flange, a fulcrum support configured to attach to the fulcrum capture, and a baseplate block configured to support the fulcrum support. The system using the sliding support unit may include a pressure vessel, a pedestal bracket, and a plurality of sliding support units.

  1. Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenhart, S

    2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

  2. The Initial Development of a Computerized Operator Support System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roger Lew; Ronald L Boring; Thomas A Ulrich; Ken Thomas

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computerized operator support system (COSS) is a collection of resilient software technologies to assist operators in monitoring overall nuclear power plant performance and making timely, informed decisions on appropriate control actions for the projected plant condition. The COSS provides rapid assessments, computations, and recommendations to reduce workload and augment operator judgment and decision-making during fast- moving, complex events. A prototype COSS for a chemical volume control system at a nuclear power plant has been developed in order to demonstrate the concept and provide a test bed for further research. The development process identified four underlying elements necessary for the prototype, which consist of a digital alarm system, computer-based procedures, piping and instrumentation diagram system representations, and a recommender module for mitigation actions. An operational prototype resides at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) using the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Human Systems Simulation Laboratory (HSSL). Several human-machine interface (HMI) considerations are identified and incorporated in the prototype during this initial round of development.

  3. A decision analysis framework to support long-term planning for nuclear fuel cycle technology research, development, demonstration and deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sowder, A.G.; Machiels, A.J. [Electric Power Research Institute, 1300 West. W.T Harris Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28262 (United States); Dykes, A.A.; Johnson, D.H. [ABSG Consulting Inc., 300 Commerce, Suite 200, Irvine, CA 92602 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To address challenges and gaps in nuclear fuel cycle option assessment and to support research, develop and demonstration programs oriented toward commercial deployment, EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) is seeking to develop and maintain an independent analysis and assessment capability by building a suite of assessment tools based on a platform of software, simplified relationships, and explicit decision-making and evaluation guidelines. As a demonstration of the decision-support framework, EPRI examines a relatively near-term fuel cycle option, i.e., use of reactor-grade mixed-oxide fuel (MOX) in U.S. light water reactors. The results appear as a list of significant concerns (like cooling of spent fuels, criticality risk...) that have to be taken into account for the final decision.

  4. Decision support systems for tool reuse and EOL processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, Jyeh J

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intel® is a manufacturing company that concentrates on the fabrication process of computer chips. Over the years and into the future, Intel® has gone through multiple and advanced generations of manufacturing technology ...

  5. Aqua: A Fast Decision Support System Using Approximate Query Answers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Phillip B.

    commercial relational DBMS. Aqua precomputes synopses (special sta- tistical summaries) of the original data and stores them in the DBMS. It provides approximate an- swers (with quality guarantees) by rewriting on top of any SQL- compliant DBMS managing a data warehouse. Aqua pre- computes statistical summaries

  6. Decision support for operations and maintenance (DSOM) system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jarrell, Donald B. (Kennewick, WA); Meador, Richard J. (Richland, WA); Sisk, Daniel R. (Richland, WA); Hatley, Darrel D. (Kennewick, WA); Brown, Daryl R. (Richland, WA); Keibel, Gary R. (Richland, WA); Gowri, Krishnan (Richland, WA); Reyes-Spindola, Jorge F. (Richland, WA); Adams, Kevin J. (San Bruno, CA); Yates, Kenneth R. (Lake Oswego, OR); Eschbach, Elizabeth J. (Fort Collins, CO); Stratton, Rex C. (Richland, WA)

    2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for minimizing the life cycle cost of processes such as heating a building. The method utilizes sensors to monitor various pieces of equipment used in the process, for example, boilers, turbines, and the like. The method then performs the steps of identifying a set optimal operating conditions for the process, identifying and measuring parameters necessary to characterize the actual operating condition of the process, validating data generated by measuring those parameters, characterizing the actual condition of the process, identifying an optimal condition corresponding to the actual condition, comparing said optimal condition with the actual condition and identifying variances between the two, and drawing from a set of pre-defined algorithms created using best engineering practices, an explanation of at least one likely source and at least one recommended remedial action for selected variances, and providing said explanation as an output to at least one user.

  7. Improving Educational Multimedia Selection Process Using Group Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottawa, University of

    to the adoption of new educational technologies to expand their markets and improve the flexibility and Technology United Arab Emirates staff.mohamed.a@alainuniversity.ac.ae Shervin Shirmohammadi Distributed of their offerings. These technologies include the Internet and Multimedia, used in an educational context

  8. A Decision Support System for chemical incident information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Gaurav

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    investigation 12. Emergency planning and response 13. Compliance audits 14. Trade secrets These fourteen elements are comprehensive in their treatment of chemical process safety issues and are inter-dependent [3]. The holistic Process Safety Management (PSM...

  9. Fayetteville Shale Decision Support and Information System FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-lFederalFYRANDOMFailure Modesflow

  10. Strategies and Decision Support Systems for Integrating Variable Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategic Capital InvestmentsStrategic Energy

  11. Invited Contribution to Q 76: The Use of Risk Analysis to Support Dam Safety Decisions and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowles, David S.

    Decisions and Management DRAFT FOR REVIEW ONLY Portfolio Risk Assessment: A Tool for Managing Dam SafetyICOLD 20th Congress Invited Contribution to Q 76: The Use of Risk Analysis to Support Dam Safety in the Context of the Owner's Business David S. Bowles Professor and Director, Institute for Dam Safety Risk

  12. Data warehousing and on-line analytical processing (OLAP) are essential elements of decision support, which has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakshmanan, Laks V.S.

    ; front end client tools for querying and data analysis; server extensions for efficient query processing analysis, risk analysis, credit card analysis, and fraud detection), transportation (for fleet management of decision support, which has increasingly become a focus of the database industry. Many commercial products

  13. Development of a Hand-held Real-time Decision Support Aid for Critical Care , S. Jagannathan*, H. Michel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Howard E.

    repository. Innovative minimal-set database, data mining and knowledge discovery algorithms using Email:{pfortier, sjagannathan, hmichel, eoneill, ndluhy}@umassd.edu Keywords: data mining, decision supported partially by The National Science Foundation (Award Number EIA-0218909). Abstract In the current

  14. Information Systems and Decision Sciences Five-Year Strategic Plan for National Prominence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Information Systems and Decision Sciences Five-Year Strategic Plan for National Prominence 2010 to the advancement of knowledge in information systems and decision sciences; Delivering high quality degree programs that produce graduates who will excel in in information systems and decision sciences; Providing

  15. continued on page 2 Computer Systems Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanier, Charlie

    continued on page 2 Computer Systems Support College of Engineering University of Iowa Volume 13, and many hours of hands on test- ing, we will complete our $1.3M (list) networking upgrade over the Winter from up to ten self-contained switches where each physical, 48-port switch becomes a blade

  16. PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General Support System PIA - WEB Unclassified Business Operations General...

  17. Integrated Simulation Development and Decision Support Tool-Set for Utility Market and Distributed Solar Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daye, Tony [Green Power Labs

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will enable utilities to develop long-term strategic plans that integrate high levels of renewable energy generation, and to better plan power system operations under high renewable penetration. The program developed forecast data streams for decision support and effective integration of centralized and distributed solar power generation in utility operations. This toolset focused on real time simulation of distributed power generation within utility grids with the emphasis on potential applications in day ahead (market) and real time (reliability) utility operations. The project team developed and demonstrated methodologies for quantifying the impact of distributed solar generation on core utility operations, identified protocols for internal data communication requirements, and worked with utility personnel to adapt the new distributed generation (DG) forecasts seamlessly within existing Load and Generation procedures through a sophisticated DMS. This project supported the objectives of the SunShot Initiative and SUNRISE by enabling core utility operations to enhance their simulation capability to analyze and prepare for the impacts of high penetrations of solar on the power grid. The impact of high penetration solar PV on utility operations is not only limited to control centers, but across many core operations. Benefits of an enhanced DMS using state-of-the-art solar forecast data were demonstrated within this project and have had an immediate direct operational cost savings for Energy Marketing for Day Ahead generation commitments, Real Time Operations, Load Forecasting (at an aggregate system level for Day Ahead), Demand Response, Long term Planning (asset management), Distribution Operations, and core ancillary services as required for balancing and reliability. This provided power system operators with the necessary tools and processes to operate the grid in a reliable manner under high renewable penetration.

  18. Supporting multiple control systems at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicklaus, Dennis J.; /Fermilab

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fermilab control system, ACNET, is used for controlling the Tevatron and all of its pre-accelerators. However, other smaller experiments at Fermilab have been using different controls systems, in particular DOOCS and EPICS. This paper reports some of the steps taken at Fermilab to integrate support for these outside systems. We will describe specific tools that we have built or adapted to facilitate interaction between the architectures. We also examine some of the difficulties that arise from managing this heterogeneous environment. Incompatibilities as well as common elements will be described.

  19. Applications of geographic information systems (GIS) in decision analysis for monitoring aquifer systems during oilfield development projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blundell, S.; Baldwin, D.O.; Anderson, N.J. [Integrated Geoscience, Inc., Helena, MT (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) coupled with numerical ground water models provide a powerful Decision Support System (DSS) and visualization tool for monitoring aquifer systems during oilfield development projects. A GIS is a coupled software/hardware system that stores, processes, and displays a variety of data structures (raster, vector, TIN, CAD) that have been geographically referenced to some common map projection and coordinate system. Georeferencing allows the analyst to integrate diverse types of data layers into thematic maps for analysis of spatial trends and analyses. The integration of quasi 3-D numerical ground water models with GIS provides project managers with a Decision Support System (DSS) to assess potential impacts to aquifer systems during oilfield development projects. The rapid advancement in desktop PC computing power and data storage has allowed software developers to produce 32-bit GIS and data integration software applications. A variety of image processing, GIS, and numerical ground water modeling software will be used to demonstrate techniques for monitoring and visualizing the migration of an oilfield brine plume leaking during an oilfield development project. Emphasis will be placed on the integration of data structures and on database design to create a DSS within a desktop GIS to serve Project Managers during oilfield development.

  20. A GIS based Decision Support Tool for the Management of Industrial Risk S.A Karkanis and G.S.Bonanos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athens, University of

    A GIS based Decision Support Tool for the Management of Industrial Risk S.A Karkanis and G", P.O. Box 60228, Aghia Paraskevi, 15310, Greece Abstract A decision support tool for the management that are based on geographical considerations of the extent of risk. A tool has been developed on a GIS

  1. System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

    2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

  2. Telemetering system supports load curtailment and billing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabry, R. (Potomac Electric Power Co., Washington, DC (United States)); Biagini, D. (Landis and Gyr Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA (United States))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the greatest challenges facing electric utilities today is satisfying increasing peak demand without adding new generating capacity. Supporting utilities in this quest are state-of-the-art computer systems designed to accommodate complex load management as well as billing and load survey programs. The Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) is utilizing such computer technology along with an innovative organizational approach to implement a comprehensive energy plan for its customers. The plan is enabling the utility to meet the growing demand placed on its power system by intensive expansion in the greater Washington DC area.

  3. Economics of Identity and Access Management: Providing Decision Support for Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pym, David J.

    : there is scarcity of resources and budget to address them all. Decision- makers (e.g., CIOs, CISOs) need- makers (e.g. Chief Information Officers -- CIOs, Chief Information Security Officers -- CISOs

  4. IGENPRO knowledge-based operator support system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J. A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development is being performed on the knowledge-based IGENPRO operator support package for plant transient diagnostics and management to provide operator assistance during off-normal plant transient conditions. A generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first-principles approach is being implemented using automated reasoning, artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic to produce a generic T-H system-independent/plant-independent package. The IGENPRO package has a modular structure composed of three modules: the transient trend analysis module PROTREN, the process diagnostics module PRODIAG and the process management module PROMANA. Cooperative research and development work has focused on the PRODIAG diagnostic module of the IGENPRO package and the operator training matrix of transients used at the Braidwood Pressurized Water Reactor station. Promising simulator testing results with PRODIAG have been obtained for the Braidwood Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS), and the Component Cooling Water System. Initial CVCS test results have also been obtained for the PROTREN module. The PROMANA effort also involves the CVCS. Future work will be focused on the long-term, slow and mild degradation transients where diagnoses of incipient T-H component failure prior to forced outage events is required. This will enhance the capability of the IGENPRO system as a predictive maintenance tool for plant staff and operator support.

  5. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention of adaptive behaviors, and those that (b) optimize

  6. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses)]: Background: Identifying reinforcement contingencies that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention

  7. Measurement of the Hydrophobic Force in a Soft Matter System Supporting Information Supporting Information for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    Measurement of the Hydrophobic Force in a Soft Matter System ­ Supporting Information 1 Supporting Information for "Measurement of the Hydrophobic Force in a Soft Matter System" Rico F. Tabor*1 , Chu Wu2.tabor@monash.edu and d.chan@unimelb.edu.au #12;Measurement of the Hydrophobic Force in a Soft Matter System ­ Supporting

  8. A Cercla-Based Decision Model to Support Remedy Selection for an Uncertain Volume of Contaminants at a DOE Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christine E. Kerschus

    1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) operated by the Department of Energy is challenged with selecting the appropriate remediation technology to cleanup contaminants at Waste Area Group (WAG) 6. This research utilizes value-focused thinking and multiattribute preference theory concepts to produce a decision analysis model designed to aid the decision makers in their selection process. The model is based on CERCLA's five primary balancing criteria, tailored specifically to WAG 6 and the contaminants of concern, utilizes expert opinion and the best available engineering, cost, and performance data, and accounts for uncertainty in contaminant volume. The model ranks 23 remediation technologies (trains) in their ability to achieve the CERCLA criteria at various contaminant volumes. A sensitivity analysis is performed to examine the effects of changes in expert opinion and uncertainty in volume. Further analysis reveals how volume uncertainty is expected to affect technology cost, time and ability to meet the CERCLA criteria. The model provides the decision makers with a CERCLA-based decision analysis methodology that is objective, traceable, and robust to support the WAG 6 Feasibility Study. In addition, the model can be adjusted to address other DOE contaminated sites.

  9. Decision Support for Online Auction Sellers with Two-Task Multiple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    ( ) 2009/12/11 1 #12;2 Outline Introduction Related Work Cost-sensitive decision making End-Price) Most products are sold The higher starting price, the higher listing cost and the lower sold-it-now price, shipping cost, duration, start time, end time, pictures, presence of reserve price, payment

  10. Supporting Shared Decision Making within the MobiGuide Project Silvana Quaglini1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleg, Mor

    propose decision theory as a methodological framework for a tool that, during face to face encounters better chances for long-term survival) and irradiation (less risky, but offering a lower chance for long-term survival), whether 5-year survival is indeed their main objective. At least for a subset of the patients

  11. SMAC Advisor: A Decision-Support Tool on Coexistence of Genetically-Modified and Conventional Maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    is the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops. On one hand, GM crops have genetical charateristics. On the other hand, the use of GM crops raises many concerns about their potential ecological and economic impacts. Decision-making about GM crops turns out to be extremely difficult as it involves many factors

  12. What Can Meta-Analyses Tell Us About the Reliability of Life Cycle Assessment for Decision Support?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandao, M.; Heath, G.; Cooper, J.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The body of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature is vast and has grown over the last decade at a dauntingly rapid rate. Many LCAs have been published on the same or very similar technologies or products, in some cases leading to hundreds of publications. One result is the impression among decision makers that LCAs are inconclusive, owing to perceived and real variability in published estimates of life cycle impacts. Despite the extensive available literature and policy need formore conclusive assessments, only modest attempts have been made to synthesize previous research. A significant challenge to doing so are differences in characteristics of the considered technologies and inconsistencies in methodological choices (e.g., system boundaries, coproduct allocation, and impact assessment methods) among the studies that hamper easy comparisons and related decision support. An emerging trend is meta-analysis of a set of results from LCAs, which has the potential to clarify the impacts of a particular technology, process, product, or material and produce more robust and policy-relevant results. Meta-analysis in this context is defined here as an analysis of a set of published LCA results to estimate a single or multiple impacts for a single technology or a technology category, either in a statistical sense (e.g., following the practice in the biomedical sciences) or by quantitative adjustment of the underlying studies to make them more methodologically consistent. One example of the latter approach was published in Science by Farrell and colleagues (2006) clarifying the net energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of ethanol, in which adjustments included the addition of coproduct credit, the addition and subtraction of processes within the system boundary, and a reconciliation of differences in the definition of net energy metrics. Such adjustments therefore provide an even playing field on which all studies can be considered and at the same time specify the conditions of the playing field itself. Understanding the conditions under which a meta-analysis was conducted is important for proper interpretation of both the magnitude and variability in results. This special supplemental issue of the Journal of Industrial Ecology includes 12 high-quality metaanalyses and critical reviews of LCAs that advance understanding of the life cycle environmental impacts of different technologies, processes, products, and materials. Also published are three contributions on methodology and related discussions of the role of meta-analysis in LCA. The goal of this special supplemental issue is to contribute to the state of the science in LCA beyond the core practice of producing independent studies on specific products or technologies by highlighting the ability of meta-analysis of LCAs to advance understanding in areas of extensive existing literature. The inspiration for the issue came from a series of meta-analyses of life cycle GHG emissions from electricity generation technologies based on research from the LCA Harmonization Project of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, which also provided financial support for this special supplemental issue. (See the editorial from this special supplemental issue [Lifset 2012], which introduces this supplemental issue and discusses the origins, funding, peer review, and other aspects.) The first article on reporting considerations for meta-analyses/critical reviews for LCA is from Heath and Mann (2012), who describe the methods used and experience gained in NREL's LCA Harmonization Project, which produced six of the studies in this special supplemental issue. Their harmonization approach adapts key features of systematic review to identify and screen published LCAs followed by a meta-analytical procedure to adjust published estimates to ones based on a consistent set of methods and assumptions to allow interstudy comparisons and conclusions to be made. In a second study on methods, Zumsteg and colleagues (2012) propose a checklist for a sta

  13. Use of a decision tree to select the mud system for the Oso field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dear, S.F. III; Beasley, R.D.; Barr, K.P.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Far too often, the basis for selection of a mud system is the ``latest, greatest`` technology or personal preference rather than sound cost-effective analysis. The use of risk-vs.-cost decision analysis improves mud selection and makes it a proper business decision. Several mud systems usually are available to drill and well and, with good decision analysis, the cost-effectiveness of each alternative becomes apparent. This paper describes how the drilling team used structured decision analysis to evaluate and select the best mud system for the project. First, Monte Carlo simulations forecast the range of possible results with each alternative. The simulations provide most-likely values for the variables in the decision tree, including reasonable ranges for sensitivity analyses. This paper presents and discusses the simulations, the decision tree, and the sensitivity analyses.

  14. A Life Cycle Analysis System to Support D and D, Pollution Prevention, and Asset Recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, L.; Tonn, B.E.; Yuracko, K.L.

    1999-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a life cycle analysis system (LCAS) developed to support US Department of Energy (DOE) decision-making regarding deactivation and decommissioning (D and D), pollution prevention (P2), and asset recovery, and its deployment to analyze the disposition of facilities and capital assets. Originally developed for use at the Oak Ridge East Tennessee Technology Park, this approach has been refined through application at Ohio Operations Office sites and is now being deployed at a number of DOE sites. Programs such as National Metals Recycle, the D and D Focus Area, P2, and Asset Utilization are successfully using the system to make better decisions resulting in lower cost to the taxpayer and improved environmental quality. The LCAS consists of a user-friendly, cost-effective, and analytically-sound decision-aiding process and a complementary suite of automated tools to handle data administration and multiple criteria life cycle analysis (LCA). LCA is a systematic and comprehensive process for identifying, assessing, and comparing alternatives for D and D, P2, and asset recovery at government sites, and for selecting and documenting a preferred alternative. An LCA includes all of the impacts (benefits and costs) that result from a course of action over the entire period of time affected by the action. The system also includes visualizations that aid communication and help make decision-making transparent. The LCAS has three major components related to data collection, decision alternative assessment, and making the decisions. Each component is discussed in-depth using the example of deployment of the LCAS to support asset recovery.

  15. A Bayesian Network Methodology for Infrastructure Seismic Risk Assessment and Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bensi, Michelle Terese

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    distribution systems are available from several authors including Vanzi (1996), who models the reliabilitysystem reliability. For example, while the retrofit of a water distributiondistributions systems. Furthermore, it is known that system interdependency can strongly affect system reliability.

  16. Probabilistic Modeling for Decision Support in Integrated Operations Martin Giese, University of Oslo; Reidar B. Bratvold, SPE, University of Stavanger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    and Solving Decision Problems with Influence Diagrams Decision trees are widely used in the oil & gas industry the method of decision analysis to it. We discuss how the resulting influence diagram was tested using proposes to use the tools of decision analysis to provide decision makers with logical and consistent

  17. Robust decision-making with model uncertainty in aerospace systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertuccelli, Luca Francesco, 1981-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual performance of sequential decision-making problems can be extremely sensitive to errors in the models, and this research addressed the role of robustness in coping with this uncertainty. The first part of this thesis ...

  18. Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

  19. Nuclear reactor heat transport system component low friction support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wade, Elman E. (Ruffs Dale, PA)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support column for a heavy component of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor heat transport system which will deflect when the pipes leading coolant to and from the heavy component expand or contract due to temperature changes includes a vertically disposed pipe, the pipe being connected to the heavy component by two longitudinally spaced cycloidal dovetail joints wherein the distal end of each of the dovetails constitutes a part of the surface of a large diameter cylinder and the centerlines of these large diameter cylinders intersect at right angles and the pipe being supported through two longitudinally spaced cycloidal dovetail joints wherein the distal end of each of the dovetails constitutes a part of the surface of a large diameter cylinder and the centerlines of these large diameter cylinders intersect at right angles, each of the cylindrical surfaces bearing on a flat and horizontal surface.

  20. Support graph preconditioners for sparse linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Radhika

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . In this thesis, we develop support graph preconditioners for symmetric positive de?nite matrices that arise from the ?nite element discretization of elliptic partial di?erential equations. An object oriented code is developed for the construction, integration...

  1. Decision Fusion and Supervisor Synthesis in Decentralized Discrete-Event Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwatny, Harry G.

    Decision Fusion and Supervisor Synthesis in Decentralized Discrete-Event Systems Joseph H. Prossery supervisory control ar- chitecture involving decision fusion. We formulate two problems that extend GP and SGP. These are GP with Fusion (GPF) and SGP with Fusion (SGPF). Our main result is a set of local supervisors

  2. The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media, Cognitive Ergonomics, Design, Design Environments, Knowledge-based Systems, Phone-based Interfaces ergonomic; i.e., systems that effectively support designers' cognitive work without hindering their creative

  3. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  4. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine) [University of Udine

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  5. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  6. Conference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    of compartmentalized data, lack of central storage, and limited access to data for decision-making in water managementConference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources Management in the Caribbean Marie-Claire St

  7. Yoked Criteria Shifts in Decision System Adaptation: Computational and Behavioral Investigations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaut, David C.

    , with adjustments to most other parameters only having a modest effect. Within the context of decision system modest (and perhaps not so modest) changes without necessitating a potentially costly re

  8. Planning support systems for spatial planning through social learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodspeed, Robert (Robert Charles)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines new professional practices in urban planning that utilize new types of spatial planning support systems (PSS) based on geographic information systems (GIS) software. Through a mixed-methods ...

  9. Intelligent Building Control System for EPBD Certification Support 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabele, K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tools that support additional aspects of the commissioning process, including new control system for building energy services. The paper is focused on specification of new function of building control system, providing information...

  10. November 3, 2011 Grant Updates Support System for the Blind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Exchange November 3, 2011 1 Grant Updates Support System for the Blind Millersville is creating a one-of-a-kind support system for students on campus who are blind or vision-impaired thanks to a grant from the Susquehanna Foundation for the Blind (SFB). SFB matched a $25,000 grant from the Bank of New

  11. Support Vector Learning for Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yixin

    . As a powerful machine learning approach for pattern recognition problems, support vector machine (SVM) is known1 Support Vector Learning for Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems Yixin Chen, Student Member DRAFT #12;2 Abstract To design a fuzzy rule-based classification system (fuzzy classifier) with good

  12. Using Simulation for Decision Support: Lessons Learned from FireGrid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickler, Gerhard; Beckett, George; Han, Liangxiu; Koo, Sung-Han; Potter, Stephen; Pringle, Gavin; Tate, Austin

    This paper describes some of the lessons learned from the FireGrid project. It starts with a brief overview of the project. The discussion of the lessons learned that follows is intended for others attempting to develop a similar system, where...

  13. Decision Diagrams: Fast and Flexible Support for Case Retrieval and Recommendation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridge, Derek

    Ginty and Mr. James Reilly for making their Laptops and Cameras data available to us. #12;Location Bathrooms, Derek Bridge, and Nic Wilson University College Cork, Cork, Ireland rn1@cs.ucc.ie, d.bridge@cs.ucc.ie, n is any system that automatically constructs an index structure into the case base (e.g. the k-d trees

  14. Water Resources Management Decision Support Primary Investigator: Thomas E. Croley -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Deborah H. Lee - US Army Corps of Engineers Overview The Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, and the board of the International Coordinating Committee for Great Lakes Basic Hydraulics and Hydrology Data activities in this project. GLERL uses their Advanced Hydrologic Prediction System (AHPS) in aspects

  15. SCHEDULING TVA'S RESERVOIRS WITH RIVERWARE Timothy M. Magee, Operations Research Analyst, Center for Advanced Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ware's capabilities with TVA's daily operations scheduling models which optimize hydropower value while meeting non and operates 29 conventional hydropower plants and one pumped storage hydropower plant in the Tennessee Valley to hydropower generation, the reservoir system provides other beneficial services throughout the Tennessee

  16. Argument structure hierarchy system and method for facilitating analysis and decision-making processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Janssen, Terry (9840 Faust Dr., Vienna, VA 22182)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for facilitating decision-making comprising a computer program causing linkage of data representing a plurality of argument structure units into a hierarchical argument structure. Each argument structure unit comprises data corresponding to a hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to grounds that provide a basis for inference of the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to a warrant linking the grounds to the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, and data corresponding to backing that certifies the warrant. The hierarchical argument structure comprises a top level argument structure unit and a plurality of subordinate level argument structure units. Each of the plurality of subordinate argument structure units comprises at least a portion of the grounds of the argument structure unit to which it is subordinate. Program code located on each of a plurality of remote computers accepts input from one of a plurality of contributors. Each input comprises data corresponding to an argument structure unit in the hierarchical argument structure and supports the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis. A second programming code is adapted to combine the inputs into a single hierarchical argument structure. A third computer program code is responsive to the second computer program code and is adapted to represent a degree of support for the hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis in the single hierarchical argument structure.

  17. Controlling RPV embrittlement through wet annealing in support of life attainment and life extension decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasikov, E. A. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Inst., 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a main barrier against radioactivity outlet reactor pressure vessel (RPV) is a key component in terms of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) safety. Therefore present-day demands in RPV reliability enhance have to be met by all possible actions for RPV in-service embrittlement mitigation. Annealing treatment is known to be the effective measure to restore the RPV metal properties deteriorated by neutron irradiation. Low temperature 'wet' annealing at a maximum coolant temperature which can be obtained using the reactor core or primary circuit pumps, although it cannot be expected to produce complete recovery, is more attractive from the practical point of view especially in cases when the removal of the internals is impossible. As a rule there is no recovery effect up to annealing and irradiation temperature difference of 70 deg. C. It is known, however, that along with radiation embrittlement neutron irradiation may mitigate the radiation damage in metals. Therefore we have tried to test the possibility to use the effect of radiation-induced ductilization in 'wet' annealing technology by means of nuclear heat utilization as heat and neutron irradiation sources at once. In support of the above-mentioned conception the 3-year duration reactor experiment on 15Cr3NiMoV type steel with preliminary irradiation at operating Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) at 270 deg. C and following extra irradiation (87 h at 330 deg. C) at IR-8 test reactor was fulfilled. In fact, embrittlement was partly suppressed up to value equivalent to 1,5 fold neutron fluence decrease. The degree of recovery in case of radiation enhanced annealing is equal to 27% whereas furnace annealing results in zero effect under existing conditions. Mechanism of the radiation-induced damage mitigation is proposed. It is hoped that 'wet' annealing technology will help provide a better management of the RPV degradation as a factor affecting the lifetime of nuclear power plants which, together with associated management methods, will help facilitate safe and economic long-term operation of PWRs. (authors)

  18. Contingency Visualization for Real-Time Decision Support in Grid Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Greitzer, Frank L.; Eubank, Robert

    2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Contingency analysis is a key function in control centers to assess the impact of various combinations of power system component failures based on state estimates. Today's practice analyzes only a limited set of contingency cases and lacks of capabilities in presenting the results in a way that is easy to be understood by grid operators in a short time frame of seconds to minutes. This limits the ability to operate the power grid for better reliability and efficiency. Faster analysis of more cases is required to safely and reliably operate today's power grids which have a less margin and more intermittent renewable energy sources. This paper explores the advancements in high performance computing and visual analytics for improving the computational speed and the information representation in contingency analysis. A framework of advanced contingency analysis is proposed. Case studies using the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed framework. Comparative assessment by real power grid operators has been performed as part of a WECC operator training class. The assessment results demonstrate the validity of the proposed contingency analysis and visualization approach.

  19. Commonality analysis for exploration life support systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunio, Phillip M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commonality, defined practically as the use of similar technologies to deliver similar functions across a range of different complex systems, offers opportunities to improve the lifecycle costs of portfolios of complex ...

  20. Control Systems Cyber Security Standards Support Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Evans

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Homeland Security’s Control Systems Security Program (CSSP) is working with industry to secure critical infrastructure sectors from cyber intrusions that could compromise control systems. This document describes CSSP’s current activities with industry organizations in developing cyber security standards for control systems. In addition, it summarizes the standards work being conducted by organizations within the sector and provides a brief listing of sector meetings and conferences that might be of interest for each sector. Control systems cyber security standards are part of a rapidly changing environment. The participation of CSSP in the development effort for these standards has provided consistency in the technical content of the standards while ensuring that information developed by CSSP is included.

  1. Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manikas, Theodore

    Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities Theodore W importance. To effectively address both natural and intentional threats to large systems, the threats must be cataloged and analyzed. Extremely large and complex systems can have an accordingly large number of threat

  2. Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams securing systems from both natural and intentional threats. Extremely large and complex systems can have an ac- cordingly large number of threat scenarios, thus simply listing the threats and devising

  3. A Screening Model to Explore Planning Decisions in Automotive Manufacturing Systems under Demand Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    In White assembly systems in the automotive industry by applying the developed screening model. It shows3 A Screening Model to Explore Planning Decisions in Automotive Manufacturing Systems under Demand engineering systems, as for automotive manufacturing, often require significant capital investment

  4. Licensing Support Network: An Electronic Discovery System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gil, A. V.; Jensen, D.; McKinnon, B.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The necessary authorization for the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) to submit a License Application (LA) is contingent upon the policy process defined in the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, as amended (NWPA), with some steps yet to occur. In spite of this uncertainty, the DOE must take prudent and appropriate action now, and over the next several years, to prepare for submittal of an application and to facilitate the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) review of this application, if the Yucca Mountain site is recommended and approved for repository development. One of these steps the DOE has taken involves working with the NRC's Advisory Review Panel to develop Licensing Support Network (LSN) requirements and guidelines. The NRC has made a prototype of the LSN web page available at www.LSNNET.gov. The OCRWM part of the LSN currently has an indefinite life cycle and may need to remain in existence until the repository is closed, which could be as long as 325 years.

  5. A Bayesian sequential processor approach to spectroscopic portal system decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sale, K; Candy, J; Breitfeller, E; Guidry, B; Manatt, D; Gosnell, T; Chambers, D

    2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of faster more reliable techniques to detect radioactive contraband in a portal type scenario is an extremely important problem especially in this era of constant terrorist threats. Towards this goal the development of a model-based, Bayesian sequential data processor for the detection problem is discussed. In the sequential processor each datum (detector energy deposit and pulse arrival time) is used to update the posterior probability distribution over the space of model parameters. The nature of the sequential processor approach is that a detection is produced as soon as it is statistically justified by the data rather than waiting for a fixed counting interval before any analysis is performed. In this paper the Bayesian model-based approach, physics and signal processing models and decision functions are discussed along with the first results of our research.

  6. analysis support system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and embeddedArchitectural support for Securing Application Data in Embedded Systems Olga Gelbart,Eugen Leontie, DC 20052 Contact: eugen@gwu.edu Abstract--The rapid growth and...

  7. An Analysis of Hybrid Life Support Systems for Sustainable Habitats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Margaret Miller

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of sustainable habitats on Earth, on other planetary surfaces, and in space, has motivated strategic planning with respect to life support (LS) system technology development and habitat design. Such planning ...

  8. Simulation Supported Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    611) ­ SSBN Acquisition (Booz, Allen & Hamilton - 3 yrs) ­ Presently with Navy Surface Warfare Center

  9. Managing infrastructure systems: who's heard in the decision making process?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sheri LaShel

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    applied to the various data sets provided by the City of Houston. The results of the analysis supports the following: Citizen contacts have been significant in determining the allocation of water and sewer CIP projects; however, that has not been...........................................................................11 1.3 Summary of Houston?s CIP Process .................................................................12 4.1 Water and Sewer Related Complaints...............................................................61 ix LIST OF TABLES...

  10. TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Transportation Systems). The RIITS dataset is collected by various organizations based in Los Angeles County1 TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems Ugur Demiryurek Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 [demiryur, banaeika, shahabi]@usc.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  11. The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Support System for the MICE Coupling Solenoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    18, No. 2, LBNL-63592 The Helium Cooling System and Coldmass support system and helium cooling system are discussedc and ? = 420 mm III. THE HELIUM COOLING SYSTEM The coupling

  12. A Automated Tool for Supporting FMEAs of Digital Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yue,M.; Chu, T.-L.; Martinez-Guridi, G.; Lehner, J.

    2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Although designs of digital systems can be very different from each other, they typically use many of the same types of generic digital components. Determining the impacts of the failure modes of these generic components on a digital system can be used to support development of a reliability model of the system. A novel approach was proposed for such a purpose by decomposing the system into a level of the generic digital components and propagating failure modes to the system level, which generally is time-consuming and difficult to implement. To overcome the associated issues of implementing the proposed FMEA approach, an automated tool for a digital feedwater control system (DFWCS) has been developed in this study. The automated FMEA tool is in nature a simulation platform developed by using or recreating the original source code of the different module software interfaced by input and output variables that represent physical signals exchanged between modules, the system, and the controlled process. For any given failure mode, its impacts on associated signals are determined first and the variables that correspond to these signals are modified accordingly by the simulation. Criteria are also developed, as part of the simulation platform, to determine whether the system has lost its automatic control function, which is defined as a system failure in this study. The conceptual development of the automated FMEA support tool can be generalized and applied to support FMEAs for reliability assessment of complex digital systems.

  13. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  14. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  15. A web based CBR system for heating ventilation and air conditioning systems sales support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Ian

    A web based CBR system for heating ventilation and air conditioning systems sales support D describes the implementation of a case-based reasoning (CBR) system to support heating ventilation and air. Introduction Western Air is a distributor of heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems

  16. Portable, space-saving medical patient support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bzorgi; Fariborz (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A support platform having a stowed configuration and a deployed configuration on a floor. The support platform is related to stretcher devices that are used for transporting, confining, or conducting medical procedures on medical patients in medical emergencies. The support platform typically includes a work surface that has a geometric extent. A base that typically includes a plurality of frame members is provided, and the frame members are disposed across the geometric extent of, and proximal to, the work surface in the stowed configuration. The frame members are typically disposed on the floor in the deployed configuration. There is a foldable bracing system engaged with the work surface and engaged with the base. At least a portion of the foldable bracing system is disposed substantially inside at least a portion of the plurality of frame members in the stowed configuration. Further, the foldable bracing system is configured for translocation of the work surface distal from the base in the deployed configuration.

  17. Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl 865-946-1475 865-946-1236 Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National to members of the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and the Kentucky Transportation Center. The purpose

  18. Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl 865-946-1475 865-946-1236 Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National, during the Chairman's Luncheon at the 92nd Annual Transportation Research Board (TRB) Meeting

  19. PROJECT W-551 INTERIM PRETREATMENT SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY SELECTION SUMMARY DECISION REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CONRAD EA

    2008-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the conclusions of the tank farm interim pretreatment technology decision process. It documents the methodology, data, and results of the selection of cross-flow filtration and ion exchange technologies for implementation in project W-551, Interim Pretreatment System. This selection resulted from the evaluation of specific scope criteria using quantitative and qualitative analyses, group workshops, and technical expert personnel.

  20. Manuscript to appear in Environment, Systems and Decisions CALCULATING NUCLEAR ACCIDENT PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Manuscript to appear in Environment, Systems and Decisions CALCULATING NUCLEAR ACCIDENT there is no authoritative, comprehensive and public historical record of nuclear power plant accidents, we reconstructed a nuclear accident dataset from peer-reviewed and other literature. We found that, in a sample of five

  1. artificial nutritional support: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    different diet types were used Boudouresque, Charles F. 4 WeAidU -A decision support system for myocardial perfusion images using artificial Physics Websites Summary: of the...

  2. A Software Decision Support System 1. Purpose of MKA-2 system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    optimized in the feasible set of alternatives. In the general case there does not exist one alternative, credits, products, innovations, designs, costs, profits, portfolios, etc. For the purpose of better for evaluation are the following: · Manpower for running the plant (number of persons); · Power (Megawatts

  3. Average System Cost Methodology : Administrator's Record of Decision.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant features of average system cost (ASC) methodology adopted are: retention of the jurisdictional approach where retail rate orders of regulartory agencies provide primary data for computing the ASC for utilities participating in the residential exchange; inclusion of transmission costs; exclusion of construction work in progress; use of a utility's weighted cost of debt securities; exclusion of income taxes; simplification of separation procedures for subsidized generation and transmission accounts from other accounts; clarification of ASC methodology rules; more generous review timetable for individual filings; phase-in of reformed methodology; and each exchanging utility must file under the new methodology within 20 days of implementation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission of the ten major participating utilities, the revised ASC will substantially only affect three. (PSB)

  4. Building Decision Trees for Characteristic Ellipsoid Method to Monitor Power System Transient Behaviors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Diao, Ruisheng; Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristic ellipsoid is a new method to monitor the dynamics of power systems. Decision trees (DTs) play an important role in applying the characteristic ellipsoid method to system operation and analysis. This paper presents the idea and initial results of building DTs for detecting transient dynamic events using the characteristic ellipsoid method. The objective is to determine fault types, fault locations and clearance time in the system using decision trees based on ellipsoids of system transient responses. The New England 10-machine 39-bus system is used for running dynamic simulations to generate a sufficiently large number of transient events in different system configurations. Comprehensive transient simulations considering three fault types, two fault clearance times and different fault locations were conducted in the study. Bus voltage magnitudes and monitored reactive and active power flows are recorded as the phasor measurements to calculate characteristic ellipsoids whose volume, eccentricity, center and projection of the longest axis are used as indices to build decision trees. The DT performances are tested and compared by considering different sets of PMU locations. The proposed method demonstrates that the characteristic ellipsoid method is a very efficient and promising tool to monitor power system dynamic behaviors.

  5. Decision process for the retrofit of municipal buildings with solar energy systems: a technical guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Licciardello, Michael R.; Wood, Brian; Dozier, Warner; Braly, Mark; Yates, Alan

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a background for solar applications, the following topics are covered: solar systems and components for retrofit installations; cost, performance, and quality considerations; and financing alternatives for local government. The retrofit decision process is discussed as follows: pre-screening of buildings, building data requirements, the energy conservation audit, solar system sizing and economics, comparison of alternatives, and implementation. Sample studies are presented for the West Valley Animal Shelter and the Hollywood Police Station. (MHR)

  6. Physical Media Independence: System Support for Dynamically Available Network Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walpole, Jonathan

    (PMI) is the concept of making assumptions about a particular device explicit, detecting events which PMI. Based on device availability, the model iden- ti es implicit device-related assumptions made the Interface Man- agement Module (IMM), that supports PMI in the FreeBSD operating system. The bene ts

  7. Efficient Transaction Support for Dynamic Information Retrieval Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    are on to integrate IR features with database manage­ ment system (DBMS) features. However, initial research has revealed that DBMS features optimized for traditional databases, display degraded performance while are necessary for several DBMS fea­ tures, transaction support being one of them. This paper focuses

  8. Damping and support in high-temperature superconducting levitation systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hull, John R. (Sammamish, WA); McIver, Carl R. (Everett, WA); Mittleider, John A. (Kent, WA)

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and apparatuses to provide improved auxiliary damping for superconducting bearings in superconducting levitation systems are disclosed. In a superconducting bearing, a cryostat housing the superconductors is connected to a ground state with a combination of a damping strip of material, a set of linkage arms to provide vertical support, and spring washers to provide stiffness. Alternately, the superconducting bearing may be supported by a cryostat connected to a ground state by posts constructed from a mesh of fibers, with the damping and stiffness controlled by the fiber composition, size, and mesh geometry.

  9. System architecture decisions under uncertainty : a case study on automotive battery system design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renzi, Matthew Joseph

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flexibility analysis using the Real Options framework is typically utilized on high-level architectural decisions. Using Real Options, a company may develop strategies to mitigate downside risk for future uncertainties ...

  10. Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) Assessment Report for US Army Garrison, Japan - Honshu Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kora, Angela R.; Brown, Daryl R.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents an assessment was performed by a team of engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under contract to the Installation Management Command (IMCOM) Pacific Region Office (PARO). The effort used the Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) model to determine how energy is consumed at five U.S. Army Garrison-Japan (USAG-J) installations in the Honshu area, identify the most cost-effective energy retrofit measures, and calculate the potential energy and cost savings.

  11. Matching 68000 support systems to your microprocessor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scanlon, F.T.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author explores the support systems that are available for Motorola's 16-bit MC68000 microprocessor, and highlights how to select and use them most effectively. The EXORMACS system is described as a 68000-based microprocessor application, representing a new generation in microprocessor development systems. Its modern systems architecture effectively takes advantage of distributed processing via multiple microprocessors. High-level software and easy CRT interfacing provide both the programmer and the hardware designer with new facilities specifically aimed at the needs of microprocessor-based projects. EXORMACS represents a powerful computing resource that may be shared by multiple users. It provides an immediate shortcut to designing 68000-based applications, while possessing obvious growth capabilities for future 8-, 16-, and 32-bit microprocessors.

  12. A case study of an expert mathematics teacher's interactive decision-making system using physiological and behavioral time series data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Deborah Larkey

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this exploratory case study was to describe an expert teacher?s decision-making system during interactive instruction using teacher self-report information, classroom observation data, and physiological recordings. Timed recordings...

  13. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 2, Summary of technical input and model implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Trauth, K.; Boak, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beyeler, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hora, S. [Hawaii Univ., Hilo, HI (United States); Rudeen, D. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). SPM provides an analytical basis for supporting programmatic decisions for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to meet selected portions of the applicable US EPA long-term performance regulations. The first iteration of SPM (SPM-1), the prototype for SPM< was completed in 1994. It served as a benchmark and a test bed for developing the tools needed for the second iteration of SPM (SPM-2). SPM-2, completed in 1995, is intended for programmatic decision making. This is Volume II of the three-volume final report of the second iteration of the SPM. It describes the technical input and model implementation for SPM-2, and presents the SPM-2 technical baseline and the activities, activity outcomes, outcome probabilities, and the input parameters for SPM-2 analysis.

  14. FY 06 Status of System Interface and Support Systems R&D Areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.R. Sherman

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a summary of research and development activities performed in the Systems Interface and Support Systems area of the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative during FY 2006. Project cost and performance data obtained from the PICS system are presented and analyzed. Brief summaries of accomplishments and references are provided. A mapping of System Interface and Support Systems technical issues versus the work performed is updated and presented. Lastly, near-term research plans are given, and a description of the new UNLV high temperature heat exchanger program structure is provided.

  15. Human System Simulation in Support of Human Performance Technical Basis at NPPs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Gertman; Katya Le Blanc; alan mecham; william phoenix; Magdy Tawfik; Jeffrey Joe

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on strategies and progress toward establishing the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL’s) Human Systems Simulator Laboratory at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES), a consortium of Idaho State Universities. The INL is one of the National Laboratories of the US Department of Energy. One of the first planned applications for the Human Systems Simulator Laboratory is implementation of a dynamic nuclear power plant simulation (NPP) where studies of operator workload, situation awareness, performance and preference will be carried out in simulated control rooms including nuclear power plant control rooms. Simulation offers a means by which to review operational concepts, improve design practices and provide a technical basis for licensing decisions. In preparation for the next generation power plant and current government and industry efforts in support of light water reactor sustainability, human operators will be attached to a suite of physiological measurement instruments and, in combination with traditional Human Factors Measurement techniques, carry out control room tasks in simulated advanced digital and hybrid analog/digital control rooms. The current focus of the Human Systems Simulator Laboratory is building core competence in quantitative and qualitative measurements of situation awareness and workload. Of particular interest is whether introduction of digital systems including automated procedures has the potential to reduce workload and enhance safety while improving situation awareness or whether workload is merely shifted and situation awareness is modified in yet to be determined ways. Data analysis is carried out by engineers and scientists and includes measures of the physical and neurological correlates of human performance. The current approach supports a user-centered design philosophy (see ISO 13407 “Human Centered Design Process for Interactive Systems, 1999) wherein the context for task performance along with the requirements of the end-user are taken into account during the design process and the validity of design is determined through testing of real end users

  16. Hanford Action Tracking System release planning support documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keasling, R.

    1995-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains impacts, plans, resource requirements, schedules, and documents to ensure the conduct of activities for the operation of the Hanford Action Tracking System (HATS). Each discrete topic in this document applies to a specific area of management and team interaction. These formally establish the planning, resources, documentation, and training responsibilities for the system management team. This document is composed of four appendices. These include the following: (1) organization impacts and implementation plan--expected organizational impacts resulting from setting up the new support system for the HATS, the plan to address each of these impacts and other system implementation requirements; (2) training and information requirements--training and information needed to use and operate the HATS; (3) operation/maintenance resources--resources required to maintain and operate the HATS once the system becomes operations; (4) training package--HATS implementation training needs, includes a training procedure, the environment for training users (tools and materials required for the facility, trainer, and trainee); schedule, and handout materials and forms to be completed at the time of training.

  17. A Stochastic Dynamic Principle for Hybrid Systems with Execution Delay and Decision Lags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aouchiche, K; Granato, Giovanni; Zidani, Hasnaa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents a stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) algorithm that aims at minimizing an economic criteria based on the total energy consumption of a range extender electric vehicle (REEV). This algorithm integrates information from the REEV's navigation system in order to obtain some information about future expected vehicle speed. The model of the vehicle's energetic system, which consists of a high-voltage (HV) battery, the main energy source, and an internal combustion engine (ICE), working as an auxiliary energy source), is written as a hybrid dynamical system and the associated optimization problem in the hybrid optimal control framework. The hybrid optimal control problem includes two important physical constraints on the ICE, namely, an activation delay and a decision lag. Three methods for the inclusion of such physical constraints are studied. After introducing the SDP algorithm formulation we comment on numerical results of the stochastic algorithm and its deterministic counterpart.

  18. Depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) management system--a decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gasper, J.R.; Sutter, R.J.; Avci, H.I. [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) Management System (DMS) is being developed as a decision tool to provide cost and risk data for evaluation of short-and long-term management strategies for depleted uranium. It can be used to assist decision makers on a programmatic or site-specific level. Currently, the DMS allows evaluation of near-term cylinder management strategies such as storage yard improvements, cylinder restocking, and reconditioning. The DMS has been designed to provide the user with maximum flexibility for modifying data and impact factors (e.g., unit costs and risk factors). Sensitivity analysis can be performed on all key parameters such as cylinder corrosion rate, inspection frequency, and impact factors. Analysis may be conducted on a system-wide, site, or yard basis. The costs and risks from different scenarios may be compared in graphic or tabular format. Ongoing development of the DMS will allow similar evaluation of long-term management strategies such as conversion to other chemical forms. The DMS is a Microsoft Windows 3.1 based, stand-alone computer application. It can be operated on a 486 or faster computer with VGA, 4 MB of RAM, and 10 MB of disk space.

  19. Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP). Appendix F, remediation analysis with Decision Support Tools (DSTs) for wide-area chemical hazards.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassig, Nancy L. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Pulsipher, Brent A. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Foltz, Greg W.; Hoette, Trisha Marie

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) commissioned an assessment of the Consequence Management (CM) plans in place on military bases for response to a chemical attack. The effectiveness of the CM plans for recovering from chemical incidents was modeled using a multiple Decision Support Tools (DSTs). First, a scenario was developed based on an aerial dispersion of a chemical agent over a wide-area of land. The extent of contamination was modeled with the Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability (HPAC) tool. Subsequently, the Analyzer for Wide Area Restoration Effectiveness (AWARE) tool was used to estimate the cost and time demands for remediation based on input of contamination maps, sampling and decontamination resources, strategies, rates and costs. The sampling strategies incorporated in the calculation were designed using the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) tool. Based on a gaps assessment and the DST remediation analysis, an Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP) was developed.

  20. In Technology Studies, 3(2):263-267, 1996 Decision Support Systems in Genetic Counseling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druzdzel, Marek J.

    confronted with test results indicating possible genetic disorders of their babies? Can computer programs, command and control of military combat units, control of nuclear power plants, management of complex empirical evidence suggests that experts indeed perform better than novices within their area of expertise

  1. Colorado State University A decision support system for managing and quantifying the risks and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    services can be accessed using traditional GIS desktop methods such as ArcMap or via Web Pages specifically to achieve land management objectives and to relate risk reduction with ecosystem benefits. It provides or create the necessary fire behavior and valuation information necessary to generate the analysis

  2. Image Guided Decision Support System for Pathology Dorin Comaniciu Peter Meer David J. Foran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- Information fusion -- User interfaces. Correspondence to be sent to: Peter Meer ECE Department Rutgers, area, and texture of the nucleus. The nuclear shape is characterized through similarity invariant whether the cells are benign. 2 #12; While the nuclear morphologic attributes can theoretically lead

  3. A Multi-Agent Decision Support System for Supply Chain Yevgeniya Kovalchuk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Voelker helped me to maintain my skills in Software Engineering. I appreciate the help of Dr Maria Fasli Tverdohleb, Ludmila Mova, Olga Kushik, Alina Afanasjeva, Andrej Alisov, Dmitry Ananjev, Alexander Turkinov

  4. The Design of an FAA Campus Motor Fleet Decision Support System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    goals. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has over 4300 registered vehicles in its fleet. As per billion; nearly a quarter of total costs. B. FAA The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a part. II. STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS A. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) The FAA is responsible

  5. Use of GIS as a Real Time Decision Support System for Irrigation Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaiti, G.; Fipps, G.

    laptop. Similarly, SCADA unit in PC2 polls the river pump RTU for equipment status (On/Off), flow rate, and cumulated flow. Water account information is stored and updated in the server using a Microsoft Windows Access database. The district manages..., which displays flow rates and resaca water levels. A: entire status map. B: detail showing the drop down menu to pumps weekly charts ............................. 15 Figure 9. Status map set for CCID2, which displays information for the automated...

  6. Z .Decision Support Systems 30 2001 279288 www.elsevier.comrlocaterdsw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    a competitive electricity market traditional demand-side management DSM options offering customers curtailable of numerous demand-side Z .management programs DSM aimed at reducing the cost of electricity by taking and financial options in demand-side electricity contracts Shmuel S. Oren) Department of Industrial Engineering

  7. The development and implementation of a cash flow decision support system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilcoyne, Suzanne Jo

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the cost of business property over a specified 10 1 I I I I I I I I 1 1 I I I f Problem Assignment Outline Objective 0 Derive Alternatives USER Request necessary infor- mation Manipulate and organize data Apply appropriate... = ? - ? e 2- ?. e 2 c c -jt 2 -jt J . 2 . 2 J 19 if the initial condition is assumed to be A(t1=0) = 0. For the ramp function given in Figure (4) which begins at time t1=0 and stops at t2=T, the present value is PV ? -~e"' - ? e c c -jT cT -jT J J (6...

  8. The design of a decision support system for supply chain risk management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Vinay (Vinay D.)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Where can things go wrong? This deceptively simple question has fascinated mankind since time immemorial. The question in fact forms the basis of risk management. The focus of this thesis is the risk management of supply ...

  9. A Software Architecture for Distributed Geospatial Decision Support Systems* Steve Goddard, Shifeng Zhang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Steve

    -making processes by generating maps that convey information gleaned from their respective databases. However and accessibility of drought related knowledge, information, and data for drought risk management. At the core that consists of four distributed layers: the data layer, the information layer, the knowledge layer

  10. Parallel NonLinear Optimization : Towards The Design Of A Decision Support System For Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abramson, David

    return) whilst minimizing environmental damage. Access to high performance computing resources has outcomes (e.g. financial return) whilst minimizing environmental damage. In the area of air pollution Faculty of Environmental Sciences Griffith University Brisbane, QLD, 4111 Australia R

  11. The Role of GIS in Decision Support Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy SolarRadioactive Liquid Waste TreatmentTheGIS in

  12. The Role of GIS in Decision Support Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transferon theTed Donat AboutThe Quadrennial Energy ReviewInnovativeThe

  13. AN ALGORITHM TO SUPPORT CODE-SKELETON GENERATION FOR CONCURRENT SYSTEMS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Daniel M.

    software. UCLA's SARA (System ARchitects Apprentice) is a design environment which provides computer aid System SARA (System ARchitects' Apprentice)[4, 5, 6] is a computer-aided system which supports

  14. Use of hazard assessments to support risk-based decision making in the US Department of Energy Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.R.; Konkel, H.; Rainbolt, M.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the nuclear explosive hazard assessment activities performed to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Integrated Safety or ``Seamless Safety`` program. Past practice within the DOE Complex dictated the use of a significant number of post-design/ fabrication safety reviews to analyze the safety associated with operations on nuclear explosives and to answer safety questions. These practices have focused on reviewing-in or auditing-in safety vs incorporating safety in the design process. SS-21 was proposed by the DOE as an avenue to develop a program to ``integrate established, recognized, verifiable safety criteria into the process at the design stage rather than continuing the reliance on reviews, evaluations and audits.`` The cornerstone of the SS-21 design process is the hazard assessment, which is performed concurrently with process and tooling design. The hazard assessment is used as the key management tool to guide overall risk management associated with the nuclear explosive activity through supporting risk-based decisions made with respect to process design.

  15. Catalyst system comprising a first catalyst system tethered to a supported catalyst

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Angelici, R.J.; Gao, H.

    1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides new catalyst formats which comprise a supported catalyst tethered to a second and different catalyst by a suitable tethering ligand. A preferred system comprises a heterogeneous supported metal catalyst tethered to a homogeneous catalyst. This combination of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts has a sufficient lifetime and unusually high catalytic activity in arene hydrogenations, and potentially many other reactions as well, including, but not limited to hydroformylation, hydrosilication, olefin oxidation, isomerization, hydrocyanidation, olefin metathesis, olefin polymerization, carbonylation, enantioselective catalysis and photoduplication. These catalysts are easily separated from the products, and can be reused repeatedly, making these systems very economical. 2 figs.

  16. Catalyst system comprising a first catalyst system tethered to a supported catalyst

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Angelici, Robert J. (Ames, IA); Gao, Hanrong (Ames, IA)

    1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides new catalyst formats which comprise a supported catalyst tethered to a second and different catalyst by a suitable tethering ligand. A preferred system comprises a heterogeneous supported metal catalyst tethered to a homogeneous catalyst. This combination of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts has a sufficient lifetime and unusually high catalytic activity in arene hydrogenations, and potentially many other reactions as well, including, but not limited to hydroformylation, hydrosilation, olefin oxidation, isomerization, hydrocyanation, olefin metathesis, olefin polymerization, carbonylation, enantioselective catalysis and photoduplication. These catalysts are easily separated from the products, and can be reused repeatedly, making these systems very economical.

  17. Revisiting the age of enlightenment from a collective decision making systems perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Marko A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ideals of the eighteenth century's Age of Enlightenment are the foundation of modern democracies. The era was characterized by thinkers who promoted progressive social reforms that opposed the long-established aristocracies and monarchies of the time. Prominent examples of such reforms include the establishment of inalienable human rights, self-governing republics, and market capitalism. Twenty-first century democratic nations can benefit from revisiting the systems developed during the Enlightenment and reframing them within the techno-social context of the Information Age. This article explores the application of social algorithms that make use of Thomas Paine's (English: 1737--1809) representatives, Adam Smith's (Scottish: 1723--1790) self-interested actors, and Marquis de Condorcet's (French: 1743--1794) optimal decision making groups. It is posited that technology-enabled social algorithms can better realize the ideals articulated during the Enlightenment.

  18. Decision-Support Software for Grid Operators: Transmission Topology Control for Infrastructure Resilience to the Integration of Renewable Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    GENI Project: The CRA team is developing control technology to help grid operators more actively manage power flows and integrate renewables by optimally turning on and off entire power lines in coordination with traditional control of generation and load resources. The control technology being developed would provide grid operators with tools to help manage transmission congestion by identifying the facilities whose on/off status must change to lower generation costs, increase utilization of renewable resources and improve system reliability. The technology is based on fast optimization algorithms for the near to real-time change in the on/off status of transmission facilities and their software implementation.

  19. SARA (System ARchitects Apprentice): Modeling, analysis, and simulation support for design of concurrent systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Estrin, G.; Fenchel, R.S.; Razouk, R.R.; Vernon, M.K.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An environment to support designers in the modeling, analysis and simulation of concurrent systems is described. It is shown how a fully nested structure model supports multilevel design and focuses attention on the interfaces between the modules which serve to encapsulate behavior. Using simple examples the paper indicates how a formal graph model can be used to model behavior in three domains: control flow, data flow, and interpretation. The effectiveness of the explicity environment model in SARA is discussed and the capability to analyze correctness and evaluate performance of a system model are demonstrated. A description of the integral help designed into SARA shows how the designer can be offered consistent use of any new tool introduced to support the design process.

  20. Autonomous Undersea Systems Network (AUSNet) Protocols To Support Ad-Hoc AUV Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    semi-autonomous networked robots. Emerging flexible low bandwidth, energy efficient architectures opposed to network support) data transmissions. Current efforts are focused on transitionAutonomous Undersea Systems Network (AUSNet) ­ Protocols To Support Ad-Hoc AUV Communications

  1. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 1, Synopsis of method and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Boak, D.M. [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 1994, the US Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO) embarked on an effort to design and implement a performance- based decision-aiding tool to provide an analytical basis for planning, prioritizing, and selecting programmatic options for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This tool, called Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) defines the most viable combinations of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives (EAs), and waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for supporting the final WIPP compliance application. The scope of SPM is restricted to selected portions of applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) long-term performance regulations. SPM calculates the probabilities of certain sets of activities demonstrating compliance with various regulations. SPM provides results in the form of a decision matrix to identify cost-effective programmatic paths with a high probability of successfully demonstrating compliance.

  2. Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power system operation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power industry, accurate forecasting of future electricity demand has become an important research area for secure operation, management of modern power systems and electricity production in the power generation

  3. application support system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the card to the public, the natural business modelCan We Support Applications' Evolution in Multi-Application Smart Cards by Security,massacci@disi.unitn.it Abstract....

  4. Piping support system for liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brussalis, Jr., William G. (Forward Township, Washington County, PA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A pipe support consisting of a rigid link pivotally attached to a pipe and an anchor, adapted to generate stress or strain in the link and pipe due to pipe thermal movement, which stress or strain can oppose further pipe movement and generally provides pipe support. The pipe support can be used in multiple combinations with other pipe supports to form a support system. This support system is most useful in applications in which the pipe is normally operated at a constant elevated or depressed temperature such that desired stress or strain can be planned in advance of pipe and support installation. The support system is therefore especially useful in steam stations and in refrigeration equipment.

  5. Data Mining Session-Based Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) in a Mental Health Setting: Toward Data-Driven Clinical Decision Support and Personalized Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey Bennett; Thomas Doub; April Bragg; Jason Luellen; Christina Van Regenmorter; Jennifer Lockman; Randall Reiserer

    2011-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The CDOI outcome measure - a patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument utilizing direct client feedback - was implemented in a large, real-world behavioral healthcare setting in order to evaluate previous findings from smaller controlled studies. PROs provide an alternative window into treatment effectiveness based on client perception and facilitate detection of problems/symptoms for which there is no discernible measure (e.g. pain). The principal focus of the study was to evaluate the utility of the CDOI for predictive modeling of outcomes in a live clinical setting. Implementation factors were also addressed within the framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior by linking adoption rates to implementation practices and clinician perceptions. The results showed that the CDOI does contain significant capacity to predict outcome delta over time based on baseline and early change scores in a large, real-world clinical setting, as suggested in previous research. The implementation analysis revealed a number of critical factors affecting successful implementation and adoption of the CDOI outcome measure, though there was a notable disconnect between clinician intentions and actual behavior. Most importantly, the predictive capacity of the CDOI underscores the utility of direct client feedback measures such as PROs and their potential use as the basis for next generation clinical decision support tools and personalized treatment approaches.

  6. International Entry Decision for Design Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tohidi Vahdat, Amin

    2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Contractors TCE Transaction Cost Economics vii TABLE OF CONTENT Page ABSTRACT .......................................................................................................................ii DEDICATION... as ? Transaction Cost Economics Theory (TCE) ? International risk management ? Decision support system for international projects ? Organizational issues in global projects This research required an extensive literature review on global AEC projects as well...

  7. Apparatus for supporting a cryogenic fluid containment system within an enclosure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhang, B.X.; Ganni, V.; Stifle, K.E.

    1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus is disclosed for supporting at least one inner cryogenic fluid containment system within an outer isolating enclosure to retard heat transfer into the inner containment system comprising a plurality of supports serially interconnected and laterally spaced by lateral connections to extend the heat conduction path into the inner containment system. 8 figs.

  8. Decision support for disaster management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolland, Erik; Patterson, Raymond A.; Ward, Keith; Dodin, Bajis

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benson 1991; Salewski and Bartsch 1994; Salewski 1995; DodinRes 102:88–110 Salewski F, Bartsch T (1994) A comparison of

  9. Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Advanced Headrest System for Comfort and Support in Automobile Seats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    and Support in Automobile Seats Overview Current designs of automobile headrests are uncomfortable vertical and angular adjustment · System was designed to be easily compatible in current automobiles

  10. Bath Institute for Complex Systems Minimal supporting subtrees for the free energy of polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    BICS Bath Institute for Complex Systems Minimal supporting subtrees for the free energy of polymers) http://www.bath.ac.uk/math-sci/BICS #12;Minimal supporting subtrees for the free energy of polymers. We show that, for high temperatures, the free energy is supported by a random tree of positive

  11. 1 Copyright 1997 by ASME Creating practical design support systems is a complex design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Yoram

    1 Copyright 1997 by ASME ABSTRACT Creating practical design support systems is a complex design that supports such iterations by, for example, supporting easy scripting and testing with throw­away code. Proceedings of DETC `97 1997 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference September 14­17, 1997, Sacramento

  12. Citizen Science System Assemblages: Understanding the Technologies that Support Crowdsourced Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Citizen Science System Assemblages: Understanding the Technologies that Support Crowdsourced@syr.edu ABSTRACT We explore the nature of technologies to support citizen science, a method of inquiry citizen science platforms may be comprised of widely varying functionalities, yet still support relatively

  13. Citizen Science System Assemblages: Toward Greater Understanding of Technologies to Support Crowdsourced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    Citizen Science System Assemblages: Toward Greater Understanding of Technologies to Support crowston@syr.edu ABSTRACT We explore the nature of technologies to support citizen science, a method different citizen science platforms may be comprised of widely varying functionalities, yet still support

  14. Hanging core support system for a nuclear reactor. [LMFBR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burelbach, J.P.; Kann, W.J.; Pan, Y.C.; Saiveau, J.G.; Seidensticker, R.W.

    1984-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    For holding the reactor core in the confining reactor vessel, a support is disclosed that is structurally independent of the vessel, that is dimensionally accurate and stable, and that comprises tandem tension linkages that act redundantly of one another to maintain stabilized core support even in the unlikely event of the complete failure of one of the linkages. The core support has a mounting platform for the reactor core, and unitary structure including a flange overlying the top edge of the reactor vessels, and a skirt and box beams between the flange and platform for establishing one of the linkages. A plurality of tension rods connect between the deck closing the reactor vessel and the platform for establishing the redundant linkage. Loaded Belleville springs flexibly hold the tension rods at the deck and separable bayonet-type connections hold the tension rods at the platform.

  15. Optimization of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System waveform metrics to support vegetation measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    Optimization of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System waveform metrics to support vegetation GLAS Optimization Remote sensing Vegetation structure The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) has optimized a noise coefficient which could be constant or vary according to observation period or noise

  16. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  17. Efficient Transaction Support for Dynamic Information Retrieval Systems y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shenoy, Prashant

    with database management system (DBMS) features. However, initial research has revealed that DBMS features efficiency is critical in IR systems, infrastructural extensions are necessary for several DBMS features with database management system (DBMS) features [Fuh93, BCCM94, DDS + 95]. However, ini­ tial findings have

  18. Superconducting magnetic energy storage apparatus structural support system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Withers, Gregory J. (Bolingbrook, IL); Meier, Stephen W. (Bolingbrook, IL); Walter, Robert J. (Batavia, IL); Child, Michael D. (Naperville, IL); DeGraaf, Douglas W. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting magnetic energy storage apparatus comprising a cylindrical superconducting coil; a cylindrical coil containment vessel enclosing the coil and adapted to hold a liquid, such as liquefied helium; and a cylindrical vacuum vessel enclosing the coil containment vessel and located in a restraining structure having inner and outer circumferential walls and a floor; the apparatus being provided with horizontal compression members between (1) the coil and the coil containment vessel and (2) between the coil containment vessel and the vacuum vessel, compression bearing members between the vacuum vessel and the restraining structure inner and outer walls, vertical support members (1) between the coil bottom and the coil containment vessel bottom and (2) between the coil containment vessel bottom and the vacuum vessel bottom, and external supports between the vacuum vessel bottom and the restraining structure floor, whereby the loads developed by thermal and magnetic energy changes in the apparatus can be accommodated and the structural integrity of the apparatus be maintained.

  19. Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

  20. Statement of work for solar thermal power systems and photovoltaic solar-energy systems technical support services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Work is broken down in the following areas: solar thermal central receiver systems analysis; advanced solar thermal systems analysis and engineering; thermal power systems support; total energy systems mission analysis; irrigation and small community mission analysis; photovoltaics mission analysis; Solar Thermal Test Facility and Central Receiver Pilot Plant systems engineering. (LEW)

  1. California's Electricity System of the Future: Scenario Analysis in Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Interest Transmission System R&D Planning CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CONSULTANTREPORT OCTOBER 2003 P500-03-084F Gray Commission nor has the California Energy Commission passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of the information Foundation's Power Systems Engineering Research Center, and Sandia National Laboratories. #12;LBNL-52047

  2. Chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, James Robert, 1979-

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    to observing chaos in rotor systems. Further, there has been little work carried out in the area of chaos control, of which only a small portion has been applied to rotor systems. Originally, the goal of the research described in this paper was to control...

  3. The HealthAgents ontology: how to represent the knowledge behind a brain tumour distributed decision system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    project, INTERPRET (Juli`a-Sap´e et al., 2006b), has shown that single voxel MRS data can aid in improving decision system BO HU1,5 , MADALINA CROITORU2 , ROMAN ROSET3 , DAVID DUPPLAW1 , MIGUEL LURGI3 , SRINANDANSAP Research, Belfast BT37 0QB, UK E-mail: bo01.hu@sap.com Abstract In this paper we present our

  4. Hardware Support for QoS-based Function Allocation in Reconfigurable Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -device systems. Our approach adapts methodologies from the domain of knowledge-based systems which can be used researchers already have implemented low budget embedded operating systems running on soft-core or hardHardware Support for QoS-based Function Allocation in Reconfigurable Systems Michael Ullmann

  5. Database Supported Bacnet Data Acquisition System for Building Energy Diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Z.; Augenbroe, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports a tool that can be used to acquire and store the BACnet (A Data Communication Protocol for Building Automation and Control Networks) data for the purpose of building energy system Fault Detection and Diagnostics (FDD). Building...

  6. Electrically heated particulate filter propagation support methods and systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Ament, Frank [Troy, MI

    2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A control system that controls regeneration of a particulate filter is provided. The system generally includes a regeneration module that controls current to the particulate filter to initiate combustion of particulate matter in the particulate filter. A propagation module estimates a propagation status of the combustion of the particulate matter based on a combustion temperature. A temperature adjustment module controls the combustion temperature by selectively increasing a temperature of exhaust that passes through the particulate filter.

  7. System for automatically aligning a support roller system under a rotating body

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singletary, B. Huston (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two support rings on a rotatable drum respectively engage conically tapered nd surfaces of support rollers mounted on pivot universally relative to its axis of rotation and translate therealong. Rotation of the drum on differential conical support roller diameters causes pivotal steering and axial translation of support roller until roller is centered on support rings.

  8. System for automatically aligning a support roller system under a rotating body

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singletary, B.H.

    1982-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Two support rings on a rotatable drum respectively engage conically tapered end surfaces of support rollers mounted on pivot universally relative to its axis of rotation and translate therealong. Rotation of the drum on differential conical support roller diameters causes pivotal steering and axial translation of support roller until roller is centered on support rings.

  9. The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Support System for theMICE Coupling Solenoid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, L.; Wu, H.; Li, L.K.; Green, M.A.; Liu, C.S.; Li, L.Y.; Jia, L.X.; Virostek, S.P.

    2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The MICE cooling channel consists of alternating threeabsorber focus coil module (AFC) and two RF coupling coil module (RFCC)where the process of muon cooling and reacceleration occurs. The RFCCmodule comprises a superconducting coupling solenoid mounted around fourconventional conducting 201.25 MHz closed RF cavities and producing up to2.2T magnetic field on the centerline. The coupling coil magnetic fieldis to produce a low muon beam beta function in order to keep the beamwithin the RF cavities. The magnet is to be built using commercialniobium titanium MRI conductors and cooled by pulse tube coolers thatproduce 1.5 W of cooling capacity at 4.2 K each. A self-centering supportsystem is applied for the coupling magnet cold mass support, which isdesigned to carry a longitudinal force up to 500 kN. This report willdescribe the updated design for the MICE coupling magnet. The cold masssupport system and helium cooling system are discussed indetail.

  10. STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF THE SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND TURBINE USING WIRELESS SENSING SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF THE SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND TURBINE USING WIRELESS SENSING SYSTEM, Taipei, Taiwan 2 Department of Hydraulic & Ocean Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan kclu@narlabs.org.tw ABSTRACT The wind turbine heavily depends on the success of the support

  11. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Related Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Related Information Vice Chancellor Gomez's Letter to Students UCI's Computer & Network Use Policy OIT Copyright Policy Resources Page University

  12. Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision Making Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision Making May 22, 2015 -...

  13. A screening model to explore planning decisions in automotive manufacturing systems under demand uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yingxia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale, complex engineering systems, as for automotive manufacturing, often require significant capital investment and resources for systems configuration. Furthermore, these systems operate in environments that are ...

  14. The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Support System for the MICE Coupling Solenoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HTS leads, cold ends of copper leads and thermal intercepts for cold mass supports, neck tubes and instrumentation wires.

  15. adequate systemic perfusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tien, Joe 6 WeAidU -A decision support system for myocardial perfusion images using artificial Physics Websites Summary: of the artificial neural networks detecting infarction and...

  16. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 562: Waste Systems Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mark Krause

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) presents information supporting the selection of corrective action alternatives (CAAs) leading to the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 562, Waste Systems, in Areas 2, 23, and 25 of the Nevada Test Site, Nevada. This complies with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Management; U.S. Department of Defense; and DOE, Legacy Management. Corrective Action Unit 562 comprises the following corrective action sites (CASs): • 02-26-11, Lead Shot • 02-44-02, Paint Spills and French Drain • 02-59-01, Septic System • 02-60-01, Concrete Drain • 02-60-02, French Drain • 02-60-03, Steam Cleaning Drain • 02-60-04, French Drain • 02-60-05, French Drain • 02-60-06, French Drain • 02-60-07, French Drain • 23-60-01, Mud Trap Drain and Outfall • 23-99-06, Grease Trap • 25-60-04, Building 3123 Outfalls The purpose of this CADD is to identify and provide the rationale for the recommendation of CAAs for the 13 CASs within CAU 562. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from July 27, 2009, through May 12, 2010, as set forth in the CAU 562 Corrective Action Investigation Plan. The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill the following data needs as defined during the data quality objective (DQO) process: • Determine whether COCs are present. • If COCs are present, determine their nature and extent. • Provide sufficient information and data to complete appropriate corrective actions. A data quality assessment (DQA) performed on the CAU 562 data demonstrated the quality and acceptability of the data for use in fulfilling the DQO data needs. Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against appropriate final action levels (FALs) to identify the COCs for each CAS. The results of the CAI identified COCs at 10 of the 13 CASs in CAU 562, and thus corrective action is required. Assessment of the data generated from investigation activities conducted at CAU 562 is shown in Table ES-1. Based on the evaluation of analytical data from the CAI, review of future and current operations at the 13 CASs, and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, the following corrective actions are recommended for CAU 562. • No further action is the preferred corrective action for CASs 02-60-01, 02-60-06, and 02-60-07. • Clean closure is the preferred corrective action for CASs 02-26-11, 02-44-02, 02-59-01, 02-60-02, 02-60-03, 02-60-04, 02-60-05, 23-60-01, 23-99-06, and 25-60-04. The preferred CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, safety, and cost. The alternatives were judged to meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated. The alternatives meet all applicable federal and state regulations for closure of the site and will reduce potential exposures to contaminated media to acceptable levels. The DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office provides the following recommendations: • No further corrective action is required at CASs 02-60-01, 02-60-06, and 02-60-07. • Clean closure is recommended for the remaining 10 CASs in CAU 562. • A Corrective Action Plan will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection that contains a detailed description of the proposed actions that will be taken to implement the selected corrective actions.

  17. Hardware-Based Support Vector Machine Classification in Logarithmic Number Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pottenger, William M.

    for its energy-efficient properties [3,9]. Successful deployment of logarithmic functionality in neuralHardware-Based Support Vector Machine Classification in Logarithmic Number Systems Faisal M. Khan loss in classification accuracy. I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive systems capable of gathering information

  18. Abstract User Interfaces: A Model and Notation to Support Plasticity in Interactive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Abstract User Interfaces: A Model and Notation to Support Plasticity in Interactive Systems Kevin A introduces the Abstract User Interface (AUI) model and notation for specifying abstract interaction in interactive soft- ware systems with graphical, direct manipulation user interfaces. The AUI model is aimed

  19. Specification of a Component-based Domotic System to Support User-Defined Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Specification of a Component-based Domotic System to Support User-Defined Scenarios Fady Hamoui. In this ar- ticle, we propose the specification of a component-based domotic system that tackles this issue Domotic environments are composed of electri- cal / electronic devices connected to a network and con

  20. Renewable Energy System Test and Support Laboratory , T L Pryor2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACRELab Renewable Energy System Test and Support Laboratory T Spooner1 , T L Pryor2 , N Wilmot3 , G for Renewable Energy AUSTRALIA Abstract ACRELab is a new testing laboratory for Renewable Energy (RE) systems. It is located at the headquarters of the Australian CRC for Renewable Energy (ACRE) on the Murdoch University

  1. Rationale Support for Maintenance of Large Scale Systems Janet E. Burge and David C. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, David C.

    of developing the software in the first place [19]. One reason for this is that the software lifecycle is a long and expensive phases of the software life-cycle. Maintenance is especially difficult for large-scale systems maintenance, we are developing the SEURAT (Software Engineering Using RATionale) system to support

  2. Job Management System Extension To Support SLAAC-1V Reconfigurable Hardware Mohamed Taher1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaj, Krzysztof

    Job Management System Extension To Support SLAAC-1V Reconfigurable Hardware Mohamed Taher1 , Kris of a lot of applications, but these resources are very expensive. Job management systems (JMS) are used in resource management and job scheduling. They allow users to execute jobs on a non-dedicated cluster

  3. Self-adjustable supplemental support system for a cylindrical container in a housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blaushild, Ronald M. (Wilkinsburg, PA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-adjustable supplementary support system for a cylindrical container coaxially disposed in a cylindrical housing by upper flanged supports has a plurality of outwardly extending bracket units on the external surface of the container which coact with inwardly extending resiliently outwardly extending bracket units on the inner wall of the cylindrical housing. The bracket units have flanges which form a concave surface that seats on support bars, attached by links to torsion bars that are secured to ring segments annularly spaced about the inner wall of the cylindrical housing and the bracket units and support bars coact with each other to radially position and support the container in the housing during movement of the two components from a vertical to a horizontal position, and during transportation of the same.

  4. Self-adjustable supplemental support system for a cylindrical container in a housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blaushild, R.M.

    1987-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-adjustable supplementary support system for a cylindrical container coaxially disposed in a cylindrical housing by upper flanged supports has a plurality of outwardly extending bracket units on the external surface of the container which coact with inwardly extending resiliently outwardly extending bracket units on the inner wall of the cylindrical housing. The bracket units have flanges which form a concave surface that seats on support bars, attached by links to torsion bars that are secured to ring segments annularly spaced about the inner wall of the cylindrical housing and the bracket units and support bars coact with each other to radially position and support the container in the housing during movement of the two components from a vertical to a horizontal position, and during transportation of the same. 14 figs.

  5. Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet effective design of these systems is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    1 Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet evolve design ideas. The problem is that multimedia groupware is hard to prototype because distributed multimedia systems are complex to implement. To solve this problem, we offer the Collabrary, a toolkit

  6. Distributed decision-making of networked multi-agent systems in complex environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Minghui

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    deception attacks on water SCADA systems. In Proceedings ofexamining the stability of a SCADA water management systemexamining the stability of a SCADA water management system

  7. A Single-band Cold Mass Support System for the MICE Superconducting Coupling Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Hong; Wang, Li; Liu, X.K.; Liu, C.S.; Li, L.K.; Xu, Feng Yu; Jia, Lin X.; Green, Michael A.

    2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The cooling channel of the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) consists of eighteen superconducting solenoid coils, which are magnetically hooked together and contained in seven modules. The operations of a pair of MICE superconducting coupling magnets are affected directly by the other solenoid coils in the MICE channel. In order to meet the stringent requirement for the magnet center and axis azimuthal angle at 4.2 K, a self-centered tension-band cold mass support system with intermediate thermal interruption was applied for the MICE superconducting coupling magnet. The physical center of the magnet does not change as it is cooled down from 300 K to 4.2 K using this support system. This paper analyzed and calculated force loads on the coupling magnet under various operation modes of the MICE cooling channel. The performance parameters of a single-band cold mass support system were calculated also.

  8. Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) A New Paradigm for Heuristic Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Overview of the Natural Immune System The biological immune system is an elaborate defence mechanism which it gets into the body, the immune system uses different response mechanisms either to neutralize barriers such as the skin #12;and respiratory system, physiological barriers such as destructive enzymes

  9. Dredging Operations Technical Support Program. General decision-making framework for management of dredged material: Example application to Commencement Bay, Washington. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, C.R.; Tatem, H.E.; Brandon, D.L.; Kay, S.H.; Peddicord, R.K.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Navigable waterways of the United States have a vital role in the Nation's economic growth. The US Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for the dredging and disposal of large volumes of sediment each year. Dredging is a process by which sediments are removed from the bottom of streams, rivers, lakes, and coastal waters, transported via ship, barge, or pipeline, and discharged to land or water. The presence of contamination in some locations has generated concern that dredged material disposal may adversely affect water quality and aquatic organisms or terrestrial organisms. Since many of the waterways are located in industrial and urban areas, some sediments may be highly contaminated with hazardous materials. A general decision-making framework based on the results of technically sound tests protocols is described. The decision-making framework includes consideration of sediment chemistry, physical chemistry of disposal site environments, and biological effects of sediment contaminants, as well as comparison of test results from sediments to be dredged with test results from reference sediments and with established criteria. The framework provides the basis for selection of the environmentally preferable disposal alternative and for identification of potentially appropriate control measures to minimize problems associated with the presence of contaminants.

  10. RIS-M-2349 A MODEL OF HUMAN DECISION MAKING IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risř National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark #12;suitable control strategy for systems recovery on a causal structure. Part of the causal structure of an industrial system is related to energy and mass on system states to be introduced by this control- ling information network depend on the immediate purpose

  11. Ventilation system consequence calculations to support salt well pumping single-shell tank 241-A-101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, G.W.

    1997-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the radiological dose and toxicological exposure calculations for an accident scenario involved with the ventilation system used to support salt well pumping single-shell tank 241-A-101. This tank has been listed on the Hydrogen Watch List.

  12. IDD Ingest Relay Replacement in Support of the THREDDS/RAMADDA Server System at Penn State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IDD Ingest Relay Replacement in Support of the THREDDS/RAMADDA Server System at Penn State Final/RAMADDA data provider since 2011. Recently, the equipment providing our IDD relay service (3 servers with Intel-processor Xeon E5606 2.13 GHz 64-bit machines running the LDM and Linux Virtual Server (LVS) in a virtual machine

  13. An Integrated Support and Alignment System for Large ILC Lattice Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viola, Robert [Square One

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The manipulators used to support and position lattice elements are critical components of all particle accelerators. The increased use of large superconducting magnets and accelerator modules places even greater demands on these manipulators. However, the performance of these support systems has not kept pace with the advances made in other areas of accelerator technology. This results in accelerators that are difficult to align and may not be capable of achieving target luminosities. An innovative new type of positioning mechanism tailored to the requirements of the International Linear Collider is proposed. The Tri-Sphere System provides secure support for large lattice elements and precision adjustment in six degrees of freedom. Integrated target sockets allow the support system to be rapidly pre-aligned. The system�¢����s kinematic design passively guides lattice elements into their correct location during installation. A complimentary Portable Actuation Unit provides the advantages of automated adjustment and allows these adjustments to be completely decoupled from surveying.

  14. A Generic Tool Supporting Cache Design and Optimisation on Shared Memory Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cintra, Marcelo

    A Generic Tool Supporting Cache Design and Optimisation on Shared Memory Systems Martin Schindewolf benchmark suite is used to demonstrate the abilities of the analysis model. 1 Motivation As Moore's Law cache design allows for better performance and improved energy efficiency. The idea is to perform

  15. BioSim: An Integrated Simulation of an Advanced Life Support System for Intelligent Control Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    revitalization, water recovery, food production, solid waste processing and the crew. The goal of autonomously waste heat. · Waste: collects and conditions waste material from anywhere in the vehicle acceptable food, and managing wastes. A typical advanced life support system consists of the following

  16. Title of Thesis: HARDWARE SUPPORT FOR REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    : Paul Kohout Degree and year: Master of Science, 2002 Thesis directed by: Professor Bruce L. Jacob bottlenecks. #12;HARDWARE SUPPORT FOR REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS by Paul James Kohout Thesis submitted Professor Gang Qu Professor David B. Stewart #12;©Copyright by Paul James Kohout 2002 #12;ii

  17. Risk Aware Robust Decision Making in Power Systems with Renewable Resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thatte, Anupam Ajit

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dispatch ISO Independent System Operator LMP Locational Marginal Price LORP Lack of Ramp Probability LP Linear Programming LSE Load Serving Entity MAE Mean Absolute Error MISO Midcontinent Independent System Operator MPC Model Predictive Control NERC North... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.2 Nordpool market timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3.3 Electricity prices for scenario A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3.4 Results of deterministic optimization scenario A . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 3...

  18. Supported by GreenNet-EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueiredo Integration costs of wind due to changed system operation and investment decisions in GermanySupported by GreenNet-EU27 EIE/04/049/S07.38561 GreenNet-EU27 GUIDING A LEAST COST GRID INTEGRATION cost and grid extension cost caused by intermittent RES-E grid integration Derk Jan Swider (Ed

  19. The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Support System for the MICE Coupling Solenoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL-63592 The Helium Cooling System and Cold Mass Supportsystem and helium cooling system are discussed in detail.420 mm III. THE HELIUM COOLING SYSTEM The coupling magnet is

  20. 4, 20352071, 2007 Open-GIS decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C. Trifu et System Sciences Development of an Open-GIS decision aid system for ecological and economical management, France 2035 #12;HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C

  1. Paper Tracking Number: 689 System Design Tradeoff for Supporting Soft Handoff for Packet Data Calls using cdma2000 Cellular Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paper Tracking Number: 689 1 System Design Tradeoff for Supporting Soft Handoff for Packet Data networks. In this paper, we perform system design trade-off study for supporting soft handoff for packet soft handoff based on system and user conditions. Index Terms--cdma2000, cellular simulator, soft

  2. Technical Issues Map for the NHI System Interface and Support Systems Area: 2nd Quarter FY07

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven R. Sherman

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a mapping of technical issues associated with development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) intermediate heat transport loop and nuclear hydrogen plant support systems to the work that has been accomplished or is currently underway in the 2nd quarter of FY07.

  3. Leveraging social information systems : using blogs to inform technology strategy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshasai, Satwiksai, 1980-

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the knowledge economy there is a need to develop new methods for processing Internet-based information to achieve growth. This is particularly applicable in complex systems where fact and perception of reality influence ...

  4. Computer-Aided Dispatch System as a Decision Making Tool in Public and Private Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, I-Jen

    We describe in detail seven distinct areas in both public and private sectors in which a real-time computer-aided dispatch system is applicable to the allocation of scarce resources. Characteristics of a real-time ...

  5. Flood management in a complex river basin with a real-time decision support system based on hydrological forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -catchments and 1050 altitude bands, completed with: hydraulic works (reservoir, turbine, pump, spillway, intakes-Louis Boillat 1 1 Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH) EDCE 2011 / ! MINERVE is operational manuallyCosmos and Epicard engineering firms; Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH) and Ecohydrology Laboratory (ECHO

  6. Results Conclusions & Future Work TRADEOFF ANALYSIS OF Design of a Green Campus Motor Fleet Decision Support System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from owned or leased vehicles by 12.3% by 2020 compared to a FY 2008 baseline (NAS) - Resources include more than 48,000 employees and a 2013 budget of $15.2 billion Mission: Our fueled by December 31 2015, Hybrid, electric, compre

  7. Anticipatory Monitoring and Control of Complex Systems using a Fuzzy based Fusion of Support Vector Regressors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miltiadis Alamaniotis; Vivek Agarwal

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper places itself in the realm of anticipatory systems and envisions monitoring and control methods being capable of making predictions over system critical parameters. Anticipatory systems allow intelligent control of complex systems by predicting their future state. In the current work, an intelligent model aimed at implementing anticipatory monitoring and control in energy industry is presented and tested. More particularly, a set of support vector regressors (SVRs) are trained using both historical and observed data. The trained SVRs are used to predict the future value of the system based on current operational system parameter. The predicted values are then inputted to a fuzzy logic based module where the values are fused to obtain a single value, i.e., final system output prediction. The methodology is tested on real turbine degradation datasets. The outcome of the approach presented in this paper highlights the superiority over single support vector regressors. In addition, it is shown that appropriate selection of fuzzy sets and fuzzy rules plays an important role in improving system performance.

  8. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIGH INVOLVEMENT WORK SYSTEMS, SUPERVISORY SUPPORT, AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: THE ROLE OF EMPLOYEE EXPERIENCES AT WORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadhwa, Preeti

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study adopts a multilevel, multiple stakeholder perspective to examine the impact of high involvement work systems (HIWS) and supervisory support on organizational effectiveness. Organizational effectiveness is measured ...

  9. System Performance Measurement Supports Design Recommendations for Solar Ventilation Preheat System (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technical briefing to report the outcomes of a data monitoring effort to determine the nature of solar vent preheat system performance problems at a U.S. military installation. The analysis reports up-to-date research and findings regarding system design, helping to clarify the issue as a factor of system design, rather than a shortcoming of SVP systems.

  10. Accommodating complexity and human behaviors in decision analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Backus, George A.; Siirola, John Daniel; Schoenwald, David Alan; Strip, David R.; Hirsch, Gary B.; Bastian, Mark S.; Braithwaite, Karl R.; Homer, Jack [Homer Consulting

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for a LDRD effort to address human behavior in decision support systems. One sister LDRD effort reports the extension of this work to include actual human choices and additional simulation analyses. Another provides the background for this effort and the programmatic directions for future work. This specific effort considered the feasibility of five aspects of model development required for analysis viability. To avoid the use of classified information, healthcare decisions and the system embedding them became the illustrative example for assessment.

  11. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 563: Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant Evenson

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 563, Septic Systems, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996; as amended January 2007). The corrective action sites (CASs) for CAU 563 are located in Areas 3 and 12 of the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, and are comprised of the following four sites: •03-04-02, Area 3 Subdock Septic Tank •03-59-05, Area 3 Subdock Cesspool •12-59-01, Drilling/Welding Shop Septic Tanks •12-60-01, Drilling/Welding Shop Outfalls The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document is to identify and provide the rationale for the recommendation of a corrective action alternative (CAA) for the four CASs within CAU 563. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from July 17 through November 19, 2007, as set forth in the CAU 563 Corrective Action Investigation Plan (NNSA/NSO, 2007). Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against appropriate final action levels (FALs) to identify the contaminants of concern (COCs) for each CAS. The results of the CAI identified COCs at one of the four CASs in CAU 563 and required the evaluation of CAAs. Assessment of the data generated from investigation activities conducted at CAU 563 revealed the following: •CASs 03-04-02, 03-59-05, and 12-60-01 do not contain contamination at concentrations exceeding the FALs. •CAS 12-59-01 contains arsenic and chromium contamination above FALs in surface and near-surface soils surrounding a stained location within the site. Based on the evaluation of analytical data from the CAI, review of future and current operations at CAS 12-59-01, and the detailed and comparative analysis of the potential CAAs, the following corrective actions are recommended for CAU 563.

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, MAY 2002 283 Unbundled Reactive Support Service: Key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    in the acquisition and pricing of the reactive support service. Index Terms--Ancillary services, electricity marketsIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, MAY 2002 283 Unbundled Reactive Support Service exposition of generator-provided reactive support as an unbundled ancillary service under open access

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, MAY 2002 243 Allocation of the Reactive Power Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, MAY 2002 243 Allocation of the Reactive Power the reactive power support requirements pro- vided by the generators in multitransaction networks. The allocat- able reactive support requirements are defined with respect to the support required for the network

  14. Westinghouse Small Modular Reactor balance of plant and supporting systems design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Memmott, M. J.; Stansbury, C.; Taylor, C. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, 600 Cranberry Woods Drive, Cranberry Twp. PA 16066 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Westinghouse Small Modular Reactor (SMR) is an 800 MWt (>225 MWe) integral pressurized water reactor (iPWR), in which all of the components typically associated with the nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) of a nuclear power plant are incorporated within a single reactor pressure vessel. This paper is the second in a series of four papers which describe the design and functionality of the Westinghouse SMR. It focuses, in particular, upon the supporting systems and the balance of plant (BOP) designs of the Westinghouse SMR. Several Westinghouse SMR systems are classified as safety, and are critical to the safe operation of the Westinghouse SMR. These include the protection and monitoring system (PMS), the passive core cooling system (PXS), and the spent fuel cooling system (SFS) including pools, valves, and piping. The Westinghouse SMR safety related systems include the instrumentation and controls (I and C) as well as redundant and physically separated safety trains with batteries, electrical systems, and switch gears. Several other incorporated systems are non-safety related, but provide functions for plant operations including defense-in-depth functions. These include the chemical volume control system (CVS), heating, ventilation and cooling (HVAC) systems, component cooling water system (CCS), normal residual heat removal system (RNS) and service water system (SWS). The integrated performance of the safety-related and non-safety related systems ensures the safe and efficient operation of the Westinghouse SMR through various conditions and transients. The turbine island consists of the turbine, electric generator, feedwater and steam systems, moisture separation systems, and the condensers. The BOP is designed to minimize assembly time, shipping challenges, and on-site testing requirements for all structures, systems, and components. (authors)

  15. Technical Issues Map for the NHI System Interface and Support Systems Area: 3rd Quarter FY 07

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven R. Sherman

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a mapping of technical issues associated with development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) intermediate heat transport loop and nuclear hydrogen plant support systems to the work that has been accomplished or is currently underway. The technical issues are ranked according to priority and by assumed resolution dates. Due to funding limitations, not all high-priority technical issues are under study at the present time, and more resources will need to be dedicated to tackling such issues in the future. This technical issues map is useful for understanding the relative importance of various technical challenges and will be used as a planning tool by the NHI technical leadership for future work package planning. The technical map in its present form will be discontinued in FY08 and will be folded into a larger NHI System Interface and Support Systems project management plan and scope baseline statement in FY08.

  16. Modeling Integrated Decisions for a Municipal Water System with Recourse and Uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    for a municipal water system to cost-effectively accommodate a distribution of water shortages. Alternative robust in action costs, life spans, water volumes gained or saved, shortage levels, and shortage probabilities make water shortages pressing or impending realities for Amman, Jordan and many other urban water

  17. A Stochastic Dynamic Principle for Hybrid Systems with Execution Delay and Decision Lags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    energy source), is written as a hybrid dynamical system and the associated optimization problem in the hybrid optimal control framework. The hybrid optimal control problem includes two important physical optimal control problem in this hybrid framework alongside a stochastic dynamic programming principle

  18. AN ADAPTIVE SPEAKER VERIFICATION SYSTEM WITH SPEAKER DEPENDENT A PRIORI DECISION THRESHOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirghafori, N. Nikki

    . The rise of FA rates, in an adaptive system, can be costly because of the possibility of model corruption for the application according to the desired security level. In addition to the ability to specify the desired poorly. It is more desirable to have a consistent behavior and avoid the risk of irate customers. Speaker

  19. System Support for Software Fault Tolerance in Highly Available Database Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    of several techniques for early error detection and fast recovery in a database management system (DBMS system and the IMS DBMS and DB2 DBMS. The study classifies errors by the type of coding mistake system allow the DBMS to guard (write-protect) #12;2 some of its internal data structures. Guarding DBMS

  20. Acknowledgment This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. SES-0345945 Decision Center for a Desert City (DCDC).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    of the National Science Foundation (NSF). Water Vulnerability on the Urban Periphery: The Case of Metropolitan or chronic hazards. For this study, the vulnerability of community water systems to drought and water to create an integrated municipal water distribution and wastewater reclamation system. · The town

  1. Maui Smart Grid Demonstration Project Managing Distribution System Resources for Improved Service Quality and Reliability, Transmission Congestion Relief, and Grid Support Functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maui Smart Grid Project (MSGP) is under the leadership of the Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The project team includes Maui Electric Company, Ltd. (MECO), Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. (HECO), Sentech (a division of SRA International, Inc.), Silver Spring Networks (SSN), Alstom Grid, Maui Economic Development Board (MEDB), University of Hawaii-Maui College (UHMC), and the County of Maui. MSGP was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC26-08NT02871, with approximately 50% co-funding supplied by MECO. The project was designed to develop and demonstrate an integrated monitoring, communications, database, applications, and decision support solution that aggregates renewable energy (RE), other distributed generation (DG), energy storage, and demand response technologies in a distribution system to achieve both distribution and transmission-level benefits. The application of these new technologies and procedures will increase MECO’s visibility into system conditions, with the expected benefits of enabling more renewable energy resources to be integrated into the grid, improving service quality, increasing overall reliability of the power system, and ultimately reducing costs to both MECO and its customers.

  2. Modeling the Gila-San Francisco Basin using system dynamics in support of the 2004 Arizona Water Settlement Act.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Peplinski, William J.; Klise, Geoffrey Taylor

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water resource management requires collaborative solutions that cross institutional and political boundaries. This work describes the development and use of a computer-based tool for assessing the impact of additional water allocation from the Gila River and the San Francisco River prescribed in the 2004 Arizona Water Settlements Act. Between 2005 and 2010, Sandia National Laboratories engaged concerned citizens, local water stakeholders, and key federal and state agencies to collaboratively create the Gila-San Francisco Decision Support Tool. Based on principles of system dynamics, the tool is founded on a hydrologic balance of surface water, groundwater, and their associated coupling between water resources and demands. The tool is fitted with a user interface to facilitate sensitivity studies of various water supply and demand scenarios. The model also projects the consumptive use of water in the region as well as the potential CUFA (Consumptive Use and Forbearance Agreement which stipulates when and where Arizona Water Settlements Act diversions can be made) diversion over a 26-year horizon. Scenarios are selected to enhance our understanding of the potential human impacts on the rivers ecological health in New Mexico; in particular, different case studies thematic to water conservation, water rights, and minimum flow are tested using the model. The impact on potential CUFA diversions, agricultural consumptive use, and surface water availability are assessed relative to the changes imposed in the scenarios. While it has been difficult to gage the acceptance level from the stakeholders, the technical information that the model provides are valuable for facilitating dialogues in the context of the new settlement.

  3. Assessment of the effectiveness of the advanced programmatic risk analysis and management model (apram) as a decision support tool for construction projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imbeah, William Kweku Ansah

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    to determine the best construction system that can minimize the expected cost of failure. A risk analysis performed using a more standard approach yielded an expected cost of failure that is almost eight times the expected cost of failure yielded by APRAM...

  4. Laboratory Information Management Systems for Forensic Laboratories: A White Paper for Directors and Decision Makers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony Hendrickson; Brian Mennecke; Kevin Scheibe; Anthony Townsend; ,

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern, forensics laboratories need Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) implementations that allow the lab to track evidentiary items through their examination lifecycle and also serve all pertinent laboratory personnel. The research presented here presents LIMS core requirements as viewed by respondents serving in different forensic laboratory capacities as well as different forensic laboratory environments. A product-development methodology was employed to evaluate the relative value of the key features that constitute a LIMS, in order to develop a set of relative values for these features and the specifics of their implementation. In addition to the results of the product development analysis, this paper also provides an extensive review of LIMS and provides an overview of the preparation and planning process for the successful upgrade or implementation of a LIMS. Analysis of the data indicate that the relative value of LIMS components are viewed differently depending upon respondents' job roles (i.e., evidence technicians, scientists, and lab management), as well as by laboratory size. Specifically, the data show that: (1) Evidence technicians place the most value on chain of evidence capabilities and on chain of custody tracking; (2) Scientists generally place greatest value on report writing and generation, and on tracking daughter evidence that develops during their analyses; (3) Lab. Managers place the greatest value on chain of custody, daughter evidence, and not surprisingly, management reporting capabilities; and (4) Lab size affects LIMS preference in that, while all labs place daughter evidence tracking, chain of custody, and management and analyst report generation as their top three priorities, the order of this prioritization is size dependent.

  5. Peer review presentation on systems performance modeling and solar advisor support.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, Christopher P.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate Performance Models are Critical to Project Development and Technology Evaluation - Accuracy and Uncertainty of Commonly-Used Models Unknown and Models Disagree. A Model Evaluation Process Has Been Developed with Industry, and High-Quality Weather and System Performance Data Sets Have Been Collected: (1) Evaluation is Underway using Residual Analysis of Hourly and Sub-Hourly Data for Clear and Diffuse Climates to Evaluate and Improve Models; and (2) Initial Results Have Been or Will Soon Be Presented at Key Conferences. Evaluation of Widely-Used Module, Inverter, and Irradiance Models, Including Those in SAM, PVWatts, and PVSyst, Will Be Completed This Year. Stochastic Modeling Has Been Performed to Support Reliability Task and Will Add Value to Parametric Analysis. An Industry Workshop will be Held This Fall To Review Results, Set Priorities. Support and Analysis has been Provided for TPP's, SETP, and PV Community. Goals for Future Work Include: (1) Improving Understanding of and Validating System Derate Factors; and (2) Developing a Dynamic Electrical Model of Arrays with Shaded or Mismatched Modules to Support Transient Analysis of Large Fields.

  6. Final report for Conference Support Grant "From Computational Biophysics to Systems Biology - CBSB12"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansmann, Ulrich H.E.

    2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the outcome of the international workshop �From Computational Biophysics to Systems Biology (CBSB12)� which was held June 3-5, 2012, at the University of Tennessee Conference Center in Knoxville, TN, and supported by DOE through the Conference Support Grant 120174. The purpose of CBSB12 was to provide a forum for the interaction between a data-mining interested systems biology community and a simulation and first-principle oriented computational biophysics/biochemistry community. CBSB12 was the sixth in a series of workshops of the same name organized in recent years, and the second that has been held in the USA. As in previous years, it gave researchers from physics, biology, and computer science an opportunity to acquaint each other with current trends in computational biophysics and systems biology, to explore venues of cooperation, and to establish together a detailed understanding of cells at a molecular level. The conference grant of $10,000 was used to cover registration fees and provide travel fellowships to selected students and postdoctoral scientists. By educating graduate students and providing a forum for young scientists to perform research into the working of cells at a molecular level, the workshop adds to DOE's mission of paving the way to exploit the abilities of living systems to capture, store and utilize energy.

  7. Supporting Air Traffic Flow Management with Agents Shawn R. Wolfe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yorke-Smith, Neil

    Supporting Air Traffic Flow Management with Agents Shawn R. Wolfe Intelligent Systems Division NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 Shawn.R.Wolfe@nasa.gov Abstract Air traffic flow an agent-based system to facilitate mutually beneficial air traffic management decisions, and identify

  8. Impact of European Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) on carbon emissions and investment decisions in the power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This masters thesis assesses the impact of a emissions trading on short-term carbon abatement and investment decisions in the power sector. Environmental benefits from carbon abatement due to emissions trading are quantified ...

  9. The Automagic Box of Beauty A Prototypical Smart Device as Use Case Example for User-Centered Decision Support via the Hub-of-all-Things

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Helen

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the user (Figure 4). The power is supplied by 2 x 3.5V lithium batteries (Figure 3) and the power supply operated by a lever switch (Figure 4). Figure 4: LED light displaying system status to the user. 4.1 Walkthrough: using the Beautybox... as a substitute, or wants to receive a random shampoo (possibly within a certain price range) each time. Chen et al. (Chen et al., 2013) define the usage context of a product as “all aspects describing the context of product use that vary under...

  10. Decision Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Access Rules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juan D. Deaton; Luiz A. DaSilva; Christian Wernz

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A current trend in spectrum regulation is to incorporate spectrum sharing through the design of spectrum access rules that support Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). This paper develops a decision-theoretic framework for regulators to assess the impacts of different decision rules on both primary and secondary operators. We analyze access rules based on sensing and exclusion areas, which in practice can be enforced through geolocation databases. Our results show that receiver-only sensing provides insufficient protection for primary and co-existing secondary users and overall low social welfare. On the other hand, using sensing information between the transmitter and receiver of a communication link, provides dramatic increases in system performance. The performance of using these link end points is relatively close to that of using many cooperative sensing nodes associated to the same access point and large link exclusion areas. These results are useful to regulators and network developers in understanding in developing rules for future DSA regulation.

  11. A Note on System Integration to Support a Renewable Energy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a simultaneous increase in coal generation. The cost of solar power has fallen to competitive levels much more countries have grown phenomenally, CO2 emissions have hardly decreased due to lower coal prices generation, storage, demand response and interconnection. The energy system, however, is clearly more than

  12. Assessment of alternate procedures for the seismic analysis of multiply supported piping systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subudhi, M.; Bezler, P.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When response spectrum methods are used in the seismic analysis of piping systems the response due to inertial action, the dynamic response, and the response due to the time varying differential motions of the support points (the pseudo-static response) must be determined. In this study the adequacy and the degree of conservatism associated with the uniform response spectrum method, the center of mass response spectrum method and fourteen variants of the independent response spectrum method to compute the dynamic response and five different methods to compute the pseudo-static response were evaluated. For this purpose a sample of six piping systems, two of which were subjected to thirty-three earthquakes, were studied. For each system and seismic excitation a multiple independent support excitation time history analysis was developed and used to provide a best estimate of true response and to form the basis for comparison. A combination procedure to calculate the total responses is considered as well. Results are presented and compared to the corresponding responses evaluated using the current uniform response spectrum method and the center of mass response spectra approach. Based on the results, recommendations concerning the use of the methods were developed.

  13. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 3, Analysis for final programmatic recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Boak, D.M.; Weiner, R.F. [and others] [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the US DOE Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO). This tool provides an analytical basis for programmatic decision making for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). SPM integrates decision-analysis techniques, performance,a nd risk-assessment tools, and advanced information technology. Potential outcomes of proposed activities and combination of activities are used to calculate a probability of demonstrating compliance (PDC) with selected regulations. The results are presented in a decision matrix showing cost, duration, and maximum PDC for all activities in a given cost and duration category. This is the third and final volume in the series which presents the analysis for final programmatic recommendations.

  14. Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

  15. Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Kenya Water Well Drill Rig Redesign of Engine Drive Train System & Support Tower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Kenya Water Well Drill Rig ­ Redesign the engine drive train system and support structure for a water drill rig to be used in Kenya. The original not replicable in Kenya. The original support structure also had design flaws as it failed during operation

  16. Technical Issues Map for the NHI System Interface and Support Systems Area: 1st Quarter FY 07

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven R. Sherman

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a mapping of technical issues associated with development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) intermediate heat transport loop and nuclear hydrogen plant support systems to the work that has been accomplished or is currently underway. The technical issues are ranked according to priority and by assumed resolution dates. Due to funding limitations, not all high-priority technical issues are under study at the present time, and more resources will need to be dedicated to tackling such issues in the future. This technical issues map is useful for understanding the relative importance of various technical challenges and will be used as a planning tool for future work package planning.

  17. Custom data support for the FAst -physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER) Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toto, T.; Jensen, M.; Vogelmann, A.; Wagener, R.; Liu, Y.; Lin, W.

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The multi-institution FAst -physics System Testbed and Research (FASTER) project, funded by the DOE Earth System Modeling program, aims to evaluate and improve the parameterizations of fast processes (those involving clouds, precipitation and aerosols) in global climate models, using a combination of numerical prediction models, single column models, cloud resolving models, large-eddy simulations, full global climate model output and ARM active and passive remote sensing and in-situ data. This poster presents the Custom Data Support effort for the FASTER project. The effort will provide tailored datasets, statistics, best estimates and quality control data, as needed and defined by FASTER participants, for use in evaluating and improving parameterizations of fast processes in GCMs. The data support will include custom gridding and averaging, for the model of interest, using high time resolution and pixel level data from continuous ARM observations and complementary datasets. In addition to the FASTER team, these datasets will be made available to the ARM Science Team. Initial efforts with respect to data product development, priorities, availability and distribution are summarized here with an emphasis on cloud, atmospheric state and aerosol properties as observed during the Spring 2000 Cloud IOP and the Spring 2003 Aerosol IOP at the ARM Southern Great Plains site.

  18. A rapid whole genome sequencing and analysis system supporting genomic epidemiology (7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    FitzGerald, Michael [Broad Institute

    2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Michael FitzGerald on "A rapid whole genome sequencing and analysis system supporting genomic epidemiology" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

  19. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick of copyrighted materials over the network is generally illegal unless you have the consent of the copyright

  20. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick. If the campus receives an allegation of copyright infringement based on your use of the UCI network via an IP

  1. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick network via an IP address assigned to you, the matter is referred to the Office of the Dean of Students

  2. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 QuickTorrent, it is often not legal to do so. Making copies of copyrighted materials over the network is generally illegal

  3. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick the network is legal only with the consent of the copyright holder or when such copying can be classified

  4. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick network via an IP address assigned to you, the matter is referred to Student Conduct in the Office

  5. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick infringement based on your use of the UCI network via an IP address assigned to you, the matter is referred

  6. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick of the UCI electronic community. Making copies of copyright materials over the network is legal only

  7. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick or their agents. If you download copyrighted materials without permission, you could lose network access, and

  8. Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    Home Help Desk Administrative Systems Services & Support Instruction & Research Network Telephone About OIT Wednesday December 18th, 2013 Quick not legal to do so. Making copies of copyrighted materials over the network is generally illegal unless you

  9. Decision support for the general aviation pilot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcorn, W. P.; Lee, K. A.; Ward, D. T.; Trang, J. A.; Krishnamurthy, K.; Crump, J. W.; Branham, P. A.; Woo, D. L. Y.; Ren-Jye Yu; Robbins, A. C.; Painter, John H.; Kelly, W. E. III

    1997-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    simulator. Pilot participation in all phases of development and evaluation is the norm. Flight tests have begun on an instrumented research light twin owned by the 0-7803-4053-1/97/$10.00 @ 1997 IEEE products A d services.? factor, a component... will depend on how successful the industry is in stimulating the development of new general aviation Authorized licensed use limited to: Texas A M University. Downloaded on February 16,2010 at 15:01:09 EST from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply...

  10. ILLINOIS RAILROAD ENGINEERING A Quantitative Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    between capital investment and delay cost Link (sub) properties Alternatives generator Capacity expansion alternatives (cost & additional capacity) Estimated future traffic (trains/day/OD) Budget Investment Selection: ­ Infrastructure ­ Equipment ­ Train dispatching, traffic mix ­ Human resources Network Capacity must be increased

  11. Integrated decision support model for global sourcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mroczkowski, Victor A. (Victor Adam)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last decade, the U.S. aircraft industry has experienced increasing levels of international integration as companies seek to access global talent and resources, cut production costs, spread financial risk, and ...

  12. same physical resource system. For example, regional groundwater management requires a decision as to whether to 'mine' the resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canberra, University of

    a decision as to whether to 'mine' the resource or adopt a 'safe yield' approach in which extraction rates-electricity or maintenance of waterways in a navigable condition. Non-consumptive in-stream uses such as recreational use. Natural variations in the spatial and temporal availability of water from different sources need

  13. Disruptions in Interdependent Infrastructure Systems: A Network Flows Approach1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    system affects one or more other infrastructure systems. The approach is to model the salient elements of these systems and provide decision makers with a means to manipulate the set of models, i.e. a decision support (including roads, bridges, water and rail); energy (including electric power, gas and liquid fuels

  14. Research recommendations to the EPA in support of earth system modeling activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ambrosiano, J.J.; Dannevik, W.P.; Kercher, J.; Miller, N.L.; Penner, J.E.; Rotman, D.

    1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A theme which emerges from our simple considerations is that some well-planned early parametric and sensitivity studies, using current-generation coupled Earth system model components, along with simplistic proxy models of terrestrial biospheric and biogeochemical processes, could furnish valuable information to help guide the development of a longer-term plan for research supporting ESM development. This theme is rooted in the premise that the importance of various ESM component processes can be fully assessed only from the perspective of a complete coupling of that process into the ESM context. That is, the question, ``How well must a given process be modelled``? Cannot be answered in isolation, but rather requires a careful blend of process research and coupled model studies.

  15. Design and implementation of a marine animal alert system to support Marine Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Fu, Tao; Ren, Huiying; Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Matzner, Shari; Choi, Eric Y.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Power extracted from fast moving tidal currents has been identified as a potential commercial-scale source of renewable energy. Device developers and utilities are pursuing deployment of prototype tidal turbines to assess technology viability, site feasibility, and environmental interactions. Deployment of prototype turbines requires permits from a range of regulatory authorities. Ensuring the safety of marine animals, particularly those under protection of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 has emerged as a key regulatory challenge for initial MHK deployments. The greatest perceived risk to marine animals is from strike by the rotating blades of tidal turbines. Development of the marine mammal alert system (MAAS) was undertaken to support monitoring and mitigation requirements for tidal turbine deployments. The prototype system development focused on Southern Resident killer whales (SRKW), an endangered population of killer whales that frequents Puget Sound and is intermittently present in the part of the sound where deployment of prototype tidal turbines is being considered. Passive acoustics were selected as the primary means because of the vocal nature of these animals. The MAAS passive acoustic system consists of two-stage process involving the use of an energy detector and a spectrogram-based classifier to distinguish between SKRW’s calls and noise. A prototype consisting of two 2D symmetrical star arrays separated by 20 m center to center was built and evaluated in the waters of Sequim Bay using whale call playback.

  16. Web-based Support Systems for Sustainable Communities W.N. Liu J.T. Yao L. Fan Y.Y. Yao X.D. Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, JingTao

    present an architecture of Web-based support systems for sustainable communities. The architectureWeb-based Support Systems for Sustainable Communities W.N. Liu J.T. Yao L. Fan Y.Y. Yao X.D. Yang,fan,yyao,yang}@cs.uregina.ca ABSTRACT This paper studies Web-based support systems for sustain- able communities. A sustainable

  17. Declarative message addressing A messaging system, and method of operation thereof, which supports combinations of directory and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Declarative message addressing Abstract A messaging system, and method of operation thereof, which supports combinations of directory and mailing list addressing mechanisms. Intended message recipients. The messaging system includes a messaging server and an address resolution module. The messaging server receives

  18. Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet effective design of these

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Saul

    Abstract--Multimedia groupware systems provide rich support for distributed team work. Yet evolve design ideas. The problem is that multimedia groupware is hard to prototype because distributed multimedia systems are complex to implement. To solve this problem, we offer the Collabrary, a toolkit

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Tapping panel diagnosis, an innovative on-farm decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ). World- wide demand for natural rubber is increasing. Compared with synthetic rubber, the demandRESEARCH ARTICLE Tapping panel diagnosis, an innovative on-farm decision support system for rubber. Latex is produced by the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Given the 7-year immature unproductive period

  20. Seminar on Uncertainty & Decision Making Ghent University and Belgian Nuclear Research Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Matemáticas, UCM "Soft Computing and Nuclear Reactor Control" ABSTRACT: The need for on-line reactor operator) for controlling the power level of a nuclear reactor, the study was intended to assess the applicability of fuzzy- thods, uncertainty analysis, decision support systems to information management, safety and security

  1. Building a Large Scale Climate Data System in Support of HPC Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Feiyi [ORNL] [ORNL; Harney, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Earth System Grid Federation (ESG) is a large scale, multi-institutional, interdisciplinary project that aims to provide climate scientists and impact policy makers worldwide a web-based and client-based platform to publish, disseminate, compare and analyze ever increasing climate related data. This paper describes our practical experiences on the design, development and operation of such a system. In particular, we focus on the support of the data lifecycle from a high performance computing (HPC) perspective that is critical to the end-to-end scientific discovery process. We discuss three subjects that interconnect the consumer and producer of scientific datasets: (1) the motivations, complexities and solutions of deep storage access and sharing in a tightly controlled environment; (2) the importance of scalable and flexible data publication/population; and (3) high performance indexing and search of data with geospatial properties. These perceived corner issues collectively contributed to the overall user experience and proved to be as important as any other architectural design considerations. Although the requirements and challenges are rooted and discussed from a climate science domain context, we believe the architectural problems, ideas and solutions discussed in this paper are generally useful and applicable in a larger scope.

  2. PVUSA: The value of photovoltaics in the distribution system. The Kerman Grid-Support Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wenger, H.J.; Hoff, T.E. [Pacific Energy Group, Walnut Creek, CA (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications Applications (PVUSA) Project Pacific Gas Electric Company (PG&E) built the Kerman 500-kW photovoltaic power plant. Located near the end of a distribution feeder in a rural section of Fresno County, the plant was not built so much to demonstrate PV technology, but to evaluate its interaction with the local distribution grid and quantify available nontraditional grid-support benefits (those other than energy and capacity). As demand for new generation began to languish in the 1980s, and siting and permitting of power plants and transmission lines became more involved, utilities began considering smaller, distributed power sources. Potential benefits include shorter construction lead time, less capital outlay, and better utilization of existing assets. The results of a PG&E study in 1990/1991 of the benefits from a PV system to the distribution grid prompted the PVUSA Project to construct a plant at Kerman. Completed in 1993, the plant is believed to be the first one specifically built to evaluate the multiple benefits to the grid of a strategically sited plant. Each of nine discrete benefits were evaluated in detail by first establishing the technical impact, then translating the results into present economic value. Benefits span the entire system from distribution feeder to the generation fleet. This work breaks new ground in evaluation of distributed resources, and suggests that resource planning practices be expanded to account for these non-traditional benefits.

  3. Forebay Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling for The Dalles Dam to Support Behavior Guidance System Siting Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Serkowski, John A.; Johnson, Gary E.

    2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models were developed to support the siting and design of a behavioral guidance system (BGS) structure in The Dalles Dam (TDA) forebay on the Columbia River. The work was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (CENWP). The CFD results were an invaluable tool for the analysis, both from a Regional and Agency perspective (for the fish passage evaluation) and a CENWP perspective (supporting the BGS design and location). The new CFD model (TDA forebay model) included the latest bathymetry (surveyed in 1999) and a detailed representation of the engineered structures (spillway, powerhouse main, fish, and service units). The TDA forebay model was designed and developed in a way that future studies could easily modify or, to a large extent, reuse large portions of the existing mesh. This study resulted in these key findings: (1) The TDA forebay model matched well with field-measured velocity data. (2) The TDA forebay model matched observations made at the 1:80 general physical model of the TDA forebay. (3) During the course of this study, the methodology typically used by CENWP to contour topographic data was shown to be inaccurate when applied to widely-spaced transect data. Contouring methodologies need to be revisited--especially before such things as modifying the bathymetry in the 1:80 general physical model are undertaken. Future alignments can be evaluated with the model staying largely intact. The next round of analysis will need to address fish passage demands and navigation concerns. CFD models can be used to identify the most promising locations and to provide quantified metrics for biological, hydraulic, and navigation criteria. The most promising locations should then be further evaluated in the 1:80 general physical model.

  4. Air feed tube support system for a solid oxide fuel cell generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doshi, Vinod B. (Monroeville, PA); Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Zelienople, PA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid oxide fuel cell generator (12), containing tubular fuel cells (36) with interior air electrodes (18), where a supporting member (82) containing a plurality of holes (26) supports oxidant feed tubes (51), which pass from an oxidant plenum (52") into the center of the fuel cells, through the holes (26) in the supporting member (82), where a compliant gasket (86) around the top of the oxidant feed tubes and on top (28) of the supporting member (82) helps support the oxidant feed tubes and center them within the fuel cells, and loosen the tolerance for centering the air feed tubes.

  5. EVALUATION OF BEST AVAILABLE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY FOR TOXICS -TBACT- DOUBLE SHELL TANK FARMS PRIMARY VENTILATION SYSTEMS SUPPORTING WASTE TRANSFER OPERATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HAAS CC; KOVACH JL; KELLY SE; TURNER DA

    2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an evaluation of Best Available Control Technology for Toxics (tBACT) for installation and operation of the Hanford double shell (DST) tank primary ventilation systems. The DST primary ventilation systems are being modified to support Hanford's waste retrieval, mixing, and delivery of single shell tank (SST) and DST waste through the DST storage system to the Waste Treatment and Immobilizaiton Plant (WTP).

  6. EVALUATION OF BEST AVAILABLE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY FOR TOXICS (TBACT) DOUBLE SHELL TANK FARMS PRIMARY VENTILATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING WASTE TRANSFER OPERATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KELLY SE; HAASS CC; KOVACH JL; TURNER DA

    2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an evaluation of Best Available Control Technology for Toxics (tBACT) for installation and operation of the Hanford double shell (DST) tank primary ventilation systems. The DST primary ventilation systems are being modified to support Hanford's waste retrieval, mixing, and delivery of single shell tank (SST) and DST waste throught the DST storage system to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP).

  7. THE MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF A NOVEL APPROACH TO MAXIMIZE WASTE RECOVERY IN A LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael G. McKellar; Rick A. Wood; Carl M. Stoots; Lila Mulloth; Bernadette Luna

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NASA has been evaluating closed-loop atmosphere revitalization architectures that include carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction technologies. The CO2 and steam (H2O) co-electrolysis process is one of the reduction options that NASA has investigated. Utilizing recent advances in the fuel cell technology sector, the Idaho National Laboratory, INL, has developed a CO2 and H2O co-electrolysis process to produce oxygen and syngas (carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2) mixture) for terrestrial (energy production) application. The technology is a combined process that involves steam electrolysis, CO2 electrolysis, and the reverse water gas shift (RWGS) reaction. Two process models were developed to evaluate novel approaches for energy storage and resource recovery in a life support system. In the first model, products from the INL co-electrolysis process are combined to produce methanol fuel. In the second co-electrolysis, products are separated with a pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process. In both models the fuels are burned with added oxygen to produce H2O and CO2, the original reactants. For both processes, the overall power increases as the syngas ratio, H2/CO, increases because more water is needed to produce more hydrogen at a set CO2 incoming flow rate. The power for the methanol cases is less than pressure swing adsorption, PSA, because heat is available from the methanol reactor to preheat the water and carbon dioxide entering the co-electrolysis process.

  8. Mathematical Analysis of a Novel Approach to Maximize Waste Recovery in a Life Support System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael G. McKellar; Rick A. Wood; Carl M. Stoots; Lila Mulloth; Bernadette Luna

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NASA has been evaluating closed-loop atmosphere revitalization architectures carbon dioxide, CO2, reduction technologies. The CO2 and steam, H2O, co-electrolysis process is another option that NASA has investigated. Utilizing recent advances in the fuel cell technology sector, the Idaho National Laboratory, INL, has developed a CO2 and H2O co-electrolysis process to produce oxygen and syngas (carbon monoxide, CO and hydrogen, H2 mixture) for terrestrial (energy production) application. The technology is a combined process that involves steam electrolysis, CO2 electrolysis, and the reverse water gas shift (RWGS) reaction. Two process models were developed to evaluate novel approaches for waster recovery in a life support system. The first is a model INL co-electrolysis process combined with a methanol production process. The second is the INL co-electrolysis process combined with a pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process. For both processes, the overall power increases as the syngas ratio, H2/CO, increases because more water is needed to produce more hydrogen at a set CO2 incoming flow rate. The power for the methanol cases is less than the PSA because heat is available from the methanol reactor to preheat the water and carbon dioxide entering the co-electrolysis process.

  9. Re-Dispatching Generation to Increase Power System Security Margin and Support Low Voltage Bus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dynamic stability, power system reliability, power system scheduling, power system security, power transmission control, power transmission reliability I . INTRODUCTION Power system stability problems cause many stability problems. Between the power system generation pattern and the load pattern

  10. AUTONOMOUS UNDERSEA SYSTEMS NETWORK (AUSNET) PROTOCOLS TO SUPPORT AD-HOC AUV COMMUNICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (as opposed to network support) data transmissions. Next steps in this effort will focus on store to support a dynamically evolving topology of truly semi-autonomous networked robots. Emerging flexible low bandwidth, energy efficient architectures and protocols will enable more effective networked subsurface

  11. Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 560: Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant Evenson

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrective Action Unit 560 comprises seven corrective action sites (CASs): •03-51-01, Leach Pit •06-04-02, Septic Tank •06-05-03, Leach Pit •06-05-04, Leach Bed •06-59-03, Building CP-400 Septic System •06-59-04, Office Trailer Complex Sewage Pond •06-59-05, Control Point Septic System The purpose of this CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation for closure of CAU 560 with no further corrective action. To achieve this, corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 7, 2008, through February 24, 2010, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 560: Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, and Record of Technical Change No. 1. The purpose of the CAI was to fulfill the following data needs as defined during the data quality objective (DQO) process: •Determine whether contaminants of concern (COCs) are present. •If COCs are present, determine their nature and extent. •Provide sufficient information and data to complete appropriate corrective actions. The CAU 560 dataset from the investigation results was evaluated based on the data quality indicator parameters. This evaluation demonstrated the quality and acceptability of the dataset for use in fulfilling the DQO data needs. Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against final action levels (FALs) established in this document. The following contaminants were determined to be present at concentrations exceeding their corresponding FALs: •No contamination exceeding the FALs was identified at CASs 03-51-01, 06-04-02, and 06-59-04. •The soil at the base of the leach pit chamber at CAS 06-05-03 contains arsenic above the FAL of 23 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) above the FAL of 0.74 mg/kg, confined vertically from a depth of approximately 5 to 20 feet (ft) below ground surface. The contamination is confined laterally to the walls of the leach pit chamber and leach rock. The contamination present at CAS 06-05-03 within the leach pit was not feasible to remove. •The surface and subsurface soils within and surrounding the septic system at CAS 06-05-04 contained PCB concentrations above the FAL of 0.74 mg/kg. The lateral and vertical extent of COCs was determined for this CAS. Contaminated soils were removed up to within 18 ft of the building. The remaining contamination is confined to subsurface soils adjacent to and beneath Building CP-162 and was not feasible to remove. •The solid materials within the septic tank and soils immediately surrounding the inlet end of the tank at CAS 06-59-03 contained benzo(a)pyrene above the FAL of 0.21 mg/kg. The soils, tank contents, and tank were removed. Materials remaining at this CAS do not contain contamination exceeding FALs. •The solids contained within the septic tank and inlet pipe at CAS 06-59-05 contained the following contaminants above their respective FALs: PCBs, arsenic, lead, benzo(a)pyrene, and pesticides. The tank and inlet pipe contents were removed. Materials remaining at this CAS do not contain contamination exceeding FALs. Therefore, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) provides the following corrective action recommendations: •No further action for CASs 03-51-01, 06-04-02, and 06-59-04, as no contaminants of potential concern were present that exceed FALs. •Closure in place for CAS 06-05-03 under a corrective action with a use restriction (UR) for remaining PCB- and arsenic-impacted potential source material (PSM). The UR form and map have been filed in the NNSA/NSO Facility Information Management System, the FFACO database, and NNSA/NSO CAU/CAS files. •Closure in place for CAS 06-05-04 under a corrective action with a UR for remaining PCBs in soil adjacent to and beneath Building CP-162. The UR form and map have been filed in the NNSA/NSO Facility Information Management System, the FFACO database, and NNSA/NSO CAU/CAS files. •No further action for CAS 06-59-0

  12. Architectural Support for System Software on Large-Scale Clusters Juan Fernandez Eitan Frachtenberg Fabrizio Petrini Kei Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frachtenberg, Eitan

    , the role of the This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through Los Alamos National Computer and Computational Sciences (CCS) Division Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA include the communication library, the resource manager, the parallel file system, the cluster monitoring

  13. Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making Citation: Kathleen M. Carley & Dean Behrens, 1999, "Organizational and Individual Decision Making." Ch. 18, Inc. #12;Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

  14. Agent Based Models for Enterprise Wide Optimization and Decision SupportOptimization and Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Chain Enterprise · Refinery (re)scheduling · Disruption management Planning / Scheduling Supply Chain sourcing Primary production Secondary production Warehouses Retailers Customers 11 #12;Refinery Supply Chain Logistics Provider C Refinery BLogistics Naphtha Brent CrudeProvider A Ethylene Refinery

  15. Representing Asymmetric Decision Problems Using Coarse Valuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Liping; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Support Systems 37 (2004) 119?135120 example of a highly asymmetric decision problem [15,22,23]. Joe is considering buying a 3-year-old Spartan sedan at a price of US$1000. The going rate for a similar car in the used car market is US$1100. Joe is unsure... of X and r is a payoff valuation of Y. Their combination, denoted by pC10r or rC10p, is a payoff valuation of Z=X[Y defined as follows: ?p C10 r??z??p?x??r?y?; ?1? where x and y are respectively the projection of z to X and Y, which are defined...

  16. A ligand-free solid-supported system for Sonogashira couplings: applications in nucleoside chemistry{

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoltz, Brian M.

    natural product synthesis and pharmaceuticals to the development of organic materials (1 + 2 A 3, Fig. 1 to be an active area of research. In this communication, we describe a new set of solid-supported cross triethylammonium salts formed from the Sonogashira coupling of iodide 4 with protected propargylamine 5 (Scheme 1

  17. Indicators to support environmental sustainability of bioenergy systems1 Authors: Allen C. McBridea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jager, Henriette I.

    indicators for soil quality, water13 quality and quantity, greenhouse gases, biodiversity, air quality includes the production or procurement of biomass38 feedstock, post-production processing and conversion are perceived to support rural development and employment. Fourth,49 technological advances continue to increa

  18. Requirements for a MDE System to Support Collaborative In-Car Communication Diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isenberg, Petra

    Sedlmair BMW Group Research and Technology Munich, Germany michael.sedlmair@bmw.de Dominikus Baur Media processes. In this paper, we present results of our studies on current working behaviour and environments and software support in single user environments, co-located collaborative environments lack specific software

  19. The first disaggregated solar atlas of Djibouti: a decision-making tool for solar systems integration in the energy scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in "Renewable Energy 57 (2013) 57-69" DOI : 10.1016/j.renene.2013.01.030 #12;2 government looks for installing power systems using renewable energies, including solar systems, in order to overcome power supply, Energy planning, Ground measurements, Satellite-based solar atlas Nomenclatures hal-00801458,version1

  20. Replacement of the old Mass Storage System by a solution that supports the scientific and operational developments over the next 10 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    Replacement of the old Mass Storage System by a solution that supports the scientific of the old obsolete Mass Storage. Replace the Mass Storage System of the KNMI Provide sufficient storage

  1. Using Virtual Business Systems to drive lean behavior in engineering design and support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Purdy P. (Purdy Pinpin), 1977-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Virtual Business System (VBS) is a visual-based analytics and real-time information displaying system. It first started at Raytheon's Andover manufacturing facility in early 2000 with the strategic objectives of linking ...

  2. A Methodology and Tool Support for the Design and Evaluation of Fault Tolerant, Distributed Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKelvin, Jr., Mark Lee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    modern vehicles. The use of electronics in automotive control systemscontrol systems, as described by Yeh [133] and Isermann [46] describes several safety-critical applications in modern

  3. Early Flight Fission Test Facilities (EFF-TF) To Support Near-Term Space Fission Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Dyke, Melissa [Marshall Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, Alabama, 35812 (United States)

    2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Through hardware based design and testing, the EFF-TF investigates fission power and propulsion component, subsystems, and integrated system design and performance. Through demonstration of systems concepts (designed by Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories) in relevant environments, previous non-nuclear tests in the EFF-TF have proven to be a highly effective method (from both cost and performance standpoint) to identify and resolve integration issues. Ongoing research at the EFF-TF is geared towards facilitating research, development, system integration, and system utilization via cooperative efforts with DOE labs, industry, universities, and other NASA centers. This paper describes the current efforts for 2003.

  4. NEW DATA SUPPORT ACTIVITIES FOR THE FAST-PHYSICS SYSTEM TESTBED & RESEARCH (FASTER) PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy Office of Science ABSTRACT The multi-institution FAst-physics System TEstbed and Research (FASTER) project, funded by the U.S. DOE Earth System Modeling program, aims to evaluate and improve, and in situ data. The FASTER data integration team provides tailored data sets, statistics, best estimates

  5. Supporting Application-Tailored Grid File System Sessions with WSRF-Based Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueiredo, Renato J.

    }@acis.ufl.edu Abstract This paper presents novel service-based Grid data management middleware that leverages standards defined by WSRF specifications to create and manage dynamic Grid file system sessions. A unique aspect features (file system copy-on-write checkpointing to aid recovery of client-side failures; replication

  6. Tool Support for Incremental Failure Mode and Effects Analysis of Component-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ¨oping, Sweden {jonel, simin}@ida.liu.se Abstract Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a well- known technique widely used for safety assessment in the area of safety-critical systems. However, FMEA is tradi systems. Also, small modifications in the design may result in a complete revision of the initial FMEA

  7. Status of Activities to Implement a Sustainable System of MC&A Equipment and Methodological Support at Rosatom Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.D. Sanders

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the U.S.-Russian Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program, the Material Control and Accounting Measurements (MCAM) Project has supported a joint U.S.-Russian effort to coordinate improvements of the Russian MC&A measurement system. These efforts have resulted in the development of a MC&A Equipment and Methodological Support (MEMS) Strategic Plan (SP), developed by the Russian MEM Working Group. The MEMS SP covers implementation of MC&A measurement equipment, as well as the development, attestation and implementation of measurement methodologies and reference materials at the facility and industry levels. This paper provides an overview of the activities conducted under the MEMS SP, as well as a status on current efforts to develop reference materials, implement destructive and nondestructive assay measurement methodologies, and implement sample exchange, scrap and holdup measurement programs across Russian nuclear facilities.

  8. Design and construction of a support system for severely debilitated individuals to prevent ischemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frye, Phillip Randolph

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The process would be similar to manufacture of beach air mattresses and would reduce the cost of the mattress sub-system. 45 Control Sub-System The control sub-system consisted of a timing assembly, intake manifold, partial vacuum manifolc, eleven... with a gage (this could be a manometer) provided the solenoid to the given row was open. The rows were also connected to "exhaust" solenoids [El-5] leading to a manifold which vented either to the atmosphere or to a partial vacuum. The timing...

  9. A study of chaos in a rotor system supported by ball bearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Steven Rey

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . Numerous researchers have published a myriad of papers on the application of chaos theory to mechanical, electrical and biological systems. However, control theories of chaos have been in existence for only a decade and have not been applied to rotor...

  10. Dissociable Neural Systems Supporting Knowledge about Human Character Appearance in Ourselves and Others

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John D. E.

    Functional neuroimaging has identified a neural system comprised of posterior cingulate (pCC) and medial prefrontal (mPFC) cortices that appears to mediate self-referential thought. It is unclear whether the two components ...

  11. aircraft life-support systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    members with food, potable water Baruh, Haim 125 The 2011 Cessna Aircraft CompanyRaytheon Missile Systems DesignBuildFly Competition Flyoff was held at TIMPA Field in...

  12. E#cient Support for Common Relations in Lightweight Formal Reasoning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House Abstract In work that involves mathematical rigor, there are numerous benefits to adopting a repre a passive principle that consists of loosening restrictions. A system that is lightweight from the user

  13. A CAMAC and FASTBUS engineering test environment supported by a MicroVAX/MicroVMS system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logg, C.A.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible, multiuser engineering test environment has been established for the engineers in SLAC's Electronic Instrumentation Engineering group. The system hardware includes a standard MicroVAX II and MicroVAX I with multiple CAMAC, FASTBUS, and GPIB instrumentation buses. The system software components include MicroVMS licenses with DECNET/SLACNET, FORTRAN, PASCAL, FORTH, and a versatile graphical display package. In addition, there are several software utilities available to facilitate FASTBUS and CAMAC prototype hardware debugging. 16 refs., 7 figs.

  14. SynchroPhasor Measurements: System Architecture and Performance Evaluation in Supporting Wide-Area Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The infrastructure of phasor measurements have evolved over the last two decades from isolated measurement units to networked measurement systems with footprints beyond individual utility companies. This is, to a great extent, a bottom-up self-evolving process except some local systems built by design. Given the number of phasor measurement units (PMUs) in the system is small (currently 70 each in western and eastern interconnections), current phasor network architecture works just fine. However, the architecture will become a bottleneck when large number of PMUs are installed (e.g. >1000~10000). The need for phasor architecture design has yet to be addressed. This paper reviews the current phasor networks and investigates future architectures, as related to the efforts undertaken by the North America SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI). Then it continues to present staged system tests to evaluate the performance of phasor networks, which is a common practice in the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system. This is followed by field measurement evaluation and the implication of phasor quality issues on phasor applications.

  15. "Catalyzing Action Towards Sustainability of Deltaic Systems with an Integrated Modeling Framework for Risk Assessment"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

    -ecological systems undergoing change (Delta-SRES) 2. Develop and deliver a science-based delta sustainability framework for risk assessment and decision support (Delta-RADS) 3. Build an international repository of data

  16. Results from evaporation tests to support the MWTF heat removal system design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crea, B.A.

    1994-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental tests program was conducted to measure the evaporative heat removal from the surface of a tank of simulated waste. The results contained in this report constitute definition design data for the latest heat removal function of the MWTF primary ventilation system.

  17. Requirements for an Autonomous Control Architecture for Ad-vanced Life Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    ) a Thermal control system, (v) a Biomass production sys- tem, (vi) a Food production subsystem, and (vii goals and environmental conditions. This calls for tight integration between planning, control, diagnosis, and health moni- toring. We believe the proposed multi-level integrated planning and control

  18. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time  Water  Quality  Management  in  the  Grassland  real-­?time  water  quality  management.     Environmental  Water  Quality  Management  …………………………………. ……..………..    

  19. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to  a  common  drain   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  by   10   Watt   solar   panels   fixed   to   the  Ducky  Strike  South   Solar  Panels  with  12-­?volt  

  20. Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this  study  the  “treatment  wetland  ”  has  continued  wetland   impoundment,   and   a   treatment   (

  1. Reimagining What's Possible: How NREL's Energy Analysis and Decision Support Capabilities are Guiding Energy Systems Transformation at Home and Around the World (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently Approved JustificationBio-InspiredREIMAGINING WHAT'S POSSIBLE How

  2. ARAC: A support capability for emergency managers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pace, J.C.; Sullivan, T.J.; Baskett, R.L. [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is intended to introduce to the non-radiological emergency management community the 20-year operational history of the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC), its concept of operations, and its applicability for use in support of emergency management decision makers. ARAC is a centralized federal facility for assessing atmospheric releases of hazardous materials in real time, using a robust suite of three-dimensional atmospheric transport and diffusion models, extensive geophysical and source-description databases, automated meteorological data acquisition systems, and experienced staff members. Although originally conceived to respond to nuclear accidents, the ARAC system has proven to be extremely adaptable, and has been used successfully during a wide variety of nonradiological hazardous chemical situations. ARAC represents a proven, validated, operational support capability for atmospheric hazardous releases.

  3. Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael

    2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional building simulation programs possess attributes that make them difficult to use for the design and analysis of building energy and control systems and for the support of model-based research and development of systems that may not already be implemented in these programs. This article presents characteristic features of such applications, and it shows how equation-based object-oriented modelling can meet requirements that arise in such applications. Next, the implementation of an open-source component model library for building energy systems is presented. The library has been developed using the equation-based object-oriented Modelica modelling language. Technical challenges of modelling and simulating such systems are discussed. Research needs are presented to make this technology accessible to user groups that have more stringent requirements with respect to the numerical robustness of simulation than a research community may have. Two examples are presented in which models from the here described library were used. The first example describes the design of a controller for a nonlinear model of a heating coil using model reduction and frequency domain analysis. The second example describes the tuning of control parameters for a static pressure reset controller of a variable air volume flow system. The tuning has been done by solving a non-convex optimization problem that minimizes fan energy subject to state constraints.

  4. Test Requirements and Conceptual Design for a Potassium Test Loop to Support an Advanced Potassium Rankine Cycle Power Conversion Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoder, JR.G.L.

    2006-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Parameters for continuing the design and specification of an experimental potassium test loop are identified in this report. Design and construction of a potassium test loop is part of the Phase II effort of the project ''Technology Development Program for an Advanced Potassium Rankine Power Conversion System''. This program is supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Design features for the potassium test loop and its instrumentation system, specific test articles, and engineered barriers for ensuring worker safety and protection of the environment are described along with safety and environmental protection requirements to be used during the design process. Information presented in the first portion of this report formed the basis to initiate the design phase of the program; however, the report is a living document that can be changed as necessary during the design process, reflecting modifications as additional design details are developed. Some portions of the report have parameters identified as ''to be determined'' (TBD), reflecting the early stage of the overall process. In cases where specific design values are presently unknown, the report attempts to document the quantities that remain to be defined in order to complete the design of the potassium test loop and supporting equipment.

  5. Robust Markov Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Probability and Measure. Wiley Blackwell, 1995. [8] E. Delage and S. Mannor. Percentile optimization for Markov decision processes with parameter uncertainty

  6. Crusader Automated Docking System: Technology support for the Crusader Resupply Team. Interim report, Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kring, C.T.; Varma, V.K.; Jatko, W.B.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Army and Team Crusader (United Defense, Lockheed Martin Armament Systems, etc.) are developing the next generation howitzer, the Crusader. The development program includes an advanced, self-propelled liquid propellant howitzer and a companion resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to rendezvous with the howitzer near the battlefront and replenish ammunition, fuel, and other material. The Army has recommended that Crusader incorporate new and innovative technologies to improve performance and safety. One conceptual design proposes a robotic resupply boom on the resupply vehicle to upload supplies to the howitzer. The resupply boom would normally be retracted inside the resupply vehicle during transit. When the two vehicles are within range of the resupply boom, the boom would be extended to a receiving port on the howitzer. In order to reduce exposure to small arms fire or nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, the crew would remain inside the resupply vehicle during the resupply operation. The process of extending the boom and linking with the receiving port is called docking. A boom operator would be designated to maneuver the boom into contact with the receiving port using a mechanical joystick. The docking operation depends greatly upon the skill of the boom operator to manipulate the boom into docking position. Computer simulations at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration have shown that computer-assisted or autonomous docking can improve the ability of the operator to dock safely and quickly. This document describes the present status of the Crusader Autonomous Docking System (CADS) implemented at Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL). The purpose of the CADS project is to determine the feasibility and performance limitations of vision systems to satisfy the autonomous docking requirements for Crusader and conduct a demonstration under controlled conditions.

  7. SLUDGE TREATMENT PROJECT KOP CONCEPTUAL DESIGN CONTROL DECISION REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CARRO CA

    2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This control decision addresses the Knock-Out Pot (KOP) Disposition KOP Processing System (KPS) conceptual design. The KPS functions to (1) retrieve KOP material from canisters, (2) remove particles less than 600 {micro}m in size and low density materials from the KOP material, (3) load the KOP material into Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) baskets, and (4) stage the MCO baskets for subsequent loading into MCOs. Hazard and accident analyses of the KPS conceptual design have been performed to incorporate safety into the design process. The hazard analysis is documented in PRC-STP-00098, Knock-Out Pot Disposition Project Conceptual Design Hazard Analysis. The accident analysis is documented in PRC-STP-CN-N-00167, Knock-Out Pot Disposition Sub-Project Canister Over Lift Accident Analysis. Based on the results of these analyses, and analyses performed in support of MCO transportation and MCO processing and storage activities at the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) and Canister Storage Building (CSB), control decision meetings were held to determine the controls required to protect onsite and offsite receptors and facility workers. At the conceptual design stage, these controls are primarily defined by their safety functions. Safety significant structures, systems, and components (SSCs) that could provide the identified safety functions have been selected for the conceptual design. It is anticipated that some safety SSCs identified herein will be reclassified based on hazard and accident analyses performed in support of preliminary and detailed design.

  8. ExM:System Support for Extreme-Scale, Many-Task Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel S. Katz

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The ever-increasing power of supercomputer systems is both driving and enabling the emergence of new problem-solving methods that require the effi#12;cient execution of many concurrent and interacting tasks. Methodologies such as rational design (e.g., in materials science), uncertainty quanti#12;fication (e.g., in engineering), parameter estimation (e.g., for chemical and nuclear potential functions, and in economic energy systems modeling), massive dynamic graph pruning (e.g., in phylogenetic searches), Monte-Carlo- based iterative fi#12;xing (e.g., in protein structure prediction), and inverse modeling (e.g., in reservoir simulation) all have these requirements. These many-task applications frequently have aggregate computing needs that demand the fastest computers. For example, proposed next-generation climate model ensemble studies will involve 1,000 or more runs, each requiring 10,000 cores for a week, to characterize model sensitivity to initial condition and parameter uncertainty. The goal of the ExM project is to achieve the technical advances required to execute such many-task applications efficiently, reliably, and easily on petascale and exascale computers. In this way, we will open up extreme-scale computing to new problem solving methods and application classes. In this document, we report on combined technical progress of the collaborative ExM project, and the institutional #12;financial status of the portion of the project at University of Chicago, over the #12;rst 8 months (through April 30, 2011)

  9. A.I.R.M.S.: the development of an Automated Information Requirements Modeling System to support the IDEF1 methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knappenberger, William Bruce

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Don T. Phillips (Member) Bry n L. Deuermeyer (Member) Glen N. Williams (Member) Leland T. Blank (Head oF Department) December 1985 ABSTRACT A. I. R. M. S. : The Development of an Automated ~formation Requirements Modeling System to Support... Qodeling 5~stem (A. I. R. M. S. ) prototype support tool for the IDEFI information modeling methodology. This report follows the development of the A. I. R. M. S. prototype from the needs analysis phase through the system implementation phase. Inciuded...

  10. ACCIDENT ANALYSES & CONTROL OPTIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE SLUDGE WATER SYSTEM SAFETY ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WILLIAMS, J.C.

    2003-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the accident analyses and nuclear safety control options for use in Revision 7 of HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, ''K Basins Safety Analysis Report'' and Revision 4 of HNF-SD-SNF-TSR-001, ''Technical Safety Requirements - 100 KE and 100 KW Fuel Storage Basins''. These documents will define the authorization basis for Sludge Water System (SWS) operations. This report follows the guidance of DOE-STD-3009-94, ''Preparation Guide for US. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports'', for calculating onsite and offsite consequences. The accident analysis summary is shown in Table ES-1 below. While this document describes and discusses potential control options to either mitigate or prevent the accidents discussed herein, it should be made clear that the final control selection for any accident is determined and presented in HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062.

  11. Irrigation systems are critical for food production and supporting regional economies. The efficiency of these systems plays an important role in the sustainable use of fresh water.The FarmNet project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiser, Gernot

    Irrigation systems are critical for food production and supporting regional economies$/hectare/year) · Lower peak demand on irrigation water distribution system resulting in improved quality of service benchmarked against fixed-schedule irrigation systems. Embedded Systems; Networked Systems; Making Sense

  12. Laboratory tests in support of the MSRE reactive gas removal system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudolph, J.C.; Del Cul, G.D.; Caja, J.; Toth, L.M.; Williams, D.F.; Thomas, K.S.; Clark, D.E.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been shut down since December 1969, at which time the molten salt mixture of LiF-BeF{sub 2}-ZrF{sub 4}-{sup 233}UF{sub 4} (64.5-30.3-5.0-0.13 mol%) was transferred to fuel salt drain tanks for storage. In the late 1980s, increased radiation in one of the gas lines from the drain tank was attributed to {sup 233}UF{sub 6}. In 1994 two gas samples were withdraw (from a gas line in the Vent House connecting to the drain tanks) and analyzed. Surprisingly, 350 mm Hg of F{sub 2}, 70 mm Hg of UF{sub 6}, and smaller amounts of other gases were found in both of the samples. To remote this gas from above the drain tanks and all of the associated piping, the reactive gas removal system (RGRS) was designed. This report details the laboratory testing of the RGRS, using natural uranium, prior to its implementation at the MSRE facility. The testing was performed to ensure that the equipment functioned properly and was sufficient to perform the task while minimizing exposure to personnel. In addition, the laboratory work provided the research and development effort necessary to maximize the performance of the system. Throughout this work technicians and staff who were to be involved in RGRS operation at the MSRE site worked directly with the research staff in completing the laboratory testing phase. Consequently, at the end of the laboratory work, the personnel who were to be involved in the actual operations had acquired all of the training and experience necessary to continue with the process of reactive gas removal.

  13. Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through Tradespace Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology Decisions Under Architectural Uncertainty: Informing Investment Decisions Through§ Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 DOI: 10.2514/1.A32562 Although NASA has-term investment in the enabling technologies that will be required for these future systems. Given

  14. A Propose-and-revise System for Real-time Traffic Management Martn Molina, Mnica Robledo and Alberto Fernndez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molina, MartĂ­n

    sensor data and detect the presence of problems and their possible causes. Problems are congested areas acquisition and control devices operation Decision support system Variable message panels Comunication devices

  15. Implementing Motor Decision Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.

    The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors is to establish a motor plan. A motor plan allows decisions to be made in advance of motor failure, and increases the options available. By contrast, most motor decisions...

  16. Advanced Process and Decision Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with evaluating fossil fuel alternatives such as liquefied natural gas, coal and oil shale gasification, tar and oil sands gasification, and coal-bed and coal mine methane...

  17. Using CORE Model-Based Systems Engineering Software to Support Program Management in the U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Biomass Project: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riley, C.; Sandor, D.; Simpkins, P.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes how a model-based systems engineering software, CORE, is helping the U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Biomass Program assist with bringing biomass-derived biofuels to the market. This software tool provides information to guide informed decision-making as biomass-to-biofuels systems are advanced from concept to commercial adoption. It facilitates management and communication of program status by automatically generating custom reports, Gantt charts, and tables using the widely available programs of Microsoft Word, Project and Excel.

  18. California's electricity system of the future scenario analysis in support of public-interest transmission system R&D planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Joseph; Stovall, John P.

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The California Energy Commission directed the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions to analyze possible future scenarios for the California electricity system and assess transmission research and development (R&D) needs, with special emphasis on prioritizing public-interest R&D needs, using criteria developed by the Energy Commission. The scenarios analyzed in this report are not predictions, nor do they express policy preferences of the project participants or the Energy Commission. The public-interest R&D needs that are identified as a result of the analysis are one input that will be considered by the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research staff in preparing a transmission R&D plan.

  19. Algorithm and simulation development in support of response strategies for contamination events in air and water systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waanders, Bart Van Bloemen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical/Biological/Radiological (CBR) contamination events pose a considerable threat to our nation's infrastructure, especially in large internal facilities, external flows, and water distribution systems. Because physical security can only be enforced to a limited degree, deployment of early warning systems is being considered. However to achieve reliable and efficient functionality, several complex questions must be answered: (1) where should sensors be placed, (2) how can sparse sensor information be efficiently used to determine the location of the original intrusion, (3) what are the model and data uncertainties, (4) how should these uncertainties be handled, and (5) how can our algorithms and forward simulations be sufficiently improved to achieve real time performance? This report presents the results of a three year algorithmic and application development to support the identification, mitigation, and risk assessment of CBR contamination events. The main thrust of this investigation was to develop (1) computationally efficient algorithms for strategically placing sensors, (2) identification process of contamination events by using sparse observations, (3) characterization of uncertainty through developing accurate demands forecasts and through investigating uncertain simulation model parameters, (4) risk assessment capabilities, and (5) reduced order modeling methods. The development effort was focused on water distribution systems, large internal facilities, and outdoor areas.

  20. QoS support for end users of I/O-intensive applications using shared storage systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Marion Kei [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Xuechen [WAYNE STATE UNIV; Jiang, Song [WAYNE STATE UNIV.

    2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    I/O-intensive applications are becoming increasingly common on today's high-performance computing systems. While performance of compute-bound applications can be effectively guaranteed with techniques such as space sharing or QoS-aware process scheduling, it remains a challenge to meet QoS requirements for end users of I/O-intensive applications using shared storage systems because it is difficult to differentiate I/O services for different applications with individual quality requirements. Furthermore, it is difficult for end users to accurately specify performance goals to the storage system using I/O-related metrics such as request latency or throughput. As access patterns, request rates, and the system workload change in time, a fixed I/O performance goal, such as bounds on throughput or latency, can be expensive to achieve and may not lead to a meaningful performance guarantees such as bounded program execution time. We propose a scheme supporting end-users QoS goals, specified in terms of program execution time, in shared storage environments. We automatically translate the users performance goals into instantaneous I/O throughput bounds using a machine learning technique, and use dynamically determined service time windows to efficiently meet the throughput bounds. We have implemented this scheme in the PVFS2 parallel file system and have conducted an extensive evaluation. Our results show that this scheme can satisfy realistic end-user QoS requirements by making highly efficient use of the I/O resources. The scheme seeks to balance programs attainment of QoS requirements, and saves as much of the remaining I/O capacity as possible for best-effort programs.

  1. Special Issue on Integrated Uncertainty Management for Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    under soft constraints #12;· Application: ­ Ranking and recommendation systems ­ Supply chain management and decision making. Topics include but are not limited to: · Methodology: ­ Uncertainty formalisms: Bayesian

  2. Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    881 Revision of Qualitative Multi-Attribute Decision Models Martin Znidarsic* Marko Bohanec** Jozef Stefan Institute Department of Intelligent Systems Ljubljana, Slovenia *Email: martin.znidarsic

  3. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning Problem Some smart quote Introduction Decision problems underpin nearly all activities in systems ranging from individual robots, to networked power grids.

  4. Sustainability Support

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sustainability Support serves as a corporate technical assistance, coordination, and integration resource to support line organizations in the resolution of sustainability issues and management concerns.

  5. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 271: Areas 25, 26, and 27 Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NNSA /NV

    2002-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This corrective action decision document (CADD) identifies and rationalizes the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office's selection of a recommended corrective action alternative (CAA) appropriate to facilitate the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 271, Areas 25, 26, and 27 Septic Systems, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada, under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Located on the NTS approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, CAU 271 consists of fifteen Corrective Action Sites (CASs). The CASs consist of 13 septic systems, a radioactive leachfield, and a contaminated reservoir. The purpose of this CADD is to identify and provide a rationale for the selection of a recommended CAA for each CAS within CAU 271. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 29, 2001, through February 22, 2002, and April 29, 2002, through June 25, 2002. Analytes detected during the CAI were evaluated against preliminary action levels and regulatory disposal limits to determine contaminants of concern (COC) for each CAS. It was determined that contaminants of concern included hydrocarbon-contaminated media, polychlorinated biphenyls, and radiologically-contaminated media. Three corrective action objectives were identified for these CASs, and subsequently three CAAs developed for consideration based on a review of existing data, future use, and current operations in Areas 25, 26, and 27 of the NTS. These CAAs were: Alternative 1 - No Further Action, Alternative 2 - Clean Closure, and Alternative 3 - Closure in Place with Administrative Controls. Alternative 2, Clean Closure, was chosen as the preferred CAA for all but two of the CASs (25-04-04 and 27-05-02) because Nevada Administrative Control 444.818 requires clean closure of the septic tanks involved with these CASs. Alternative 3, Closure in Place, was chosen for the final two CASs because the short-term risks of transportation were eliminated; long-term health risks were minimized by preventing public and worker access to contaminated media through physical and administrative controls; all waste will be managed in accordance with federal, state, and local requirements; and a cost-effective method for achieving protection and meeting closure requirements is provided. All CAAs were evaluated on technical merit focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, and safety. These two alternatives were judged to meet all applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the site and reduced the potential for future exposure pathways to the contaminated soils at this site.

  6. Decision making under uncertainty: An investigation into the application of formal decision-making methods to safety issue decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohn, M P [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the NRC-sponsored program to study the implications of Generic Issue 57, Effects of Fire Protection System Actuation on Safety-Related Equipment,'' a subtask was performed to evaluate the applicability of formal decision analysis methods to generic issues cost/benefit-type decisions and to apply these methods to the GI-57 results. In this report, the numerical results obtained from the analysis of three plants (two PWRs and one BWR) as developed in the technical resolution program for GI-57 were studied. For each plant, these results included a calculation of the person-REM averted due to various accident scenarios and various proposed modifications to mitigate the accident scenarios identified. These results were recomputed to break out the benefit in terms of contributions due to random event scenarios, fire event scenarios, and seismic event scenarios. Furthermore, the benefits associated with risk (in terms of person-REM) averted from earthquakes at three different seismic ground motion levels were separately considered. Given this data, formal decision methodologies involving decision trees, value functions, and utility functions were applied to this basic data. It is shown that the formal decision methodology can be applied at several different levels. Examples are given in which the decision between several retrofits is changed from that resulting from a simple cost/benefit-ratio criterion by virtue of the decision-makinger's expressed (and assumed) preferences.

  7. Social network support for data delivery infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, Nishanth Ramakrishna

    2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    in social networks can be used to tailor content staging decisions to the user base and thereby build better data delivery infrastructures. This claim is supported by two case studies, which apply social information in challenging situations where...

  8. Total Recall: System Support for Automated Availability Management Ranjita Bhagwan, Kiran Tati, Yu-Chung Cheng, Stefan Savage, and Geoffrey M. Voelker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savage, Stefan

    Total Recall: System Support for Automated Availability Management Ranjita Bhagwan, Kiran Tati, Yu of California, San Diego Abstract Availability is a storage system property that is both highly desired and yet and with only a cursory understanding of how the config- uration will impact overall performance or availability

  9. Toward a framework dedicated to the anticipation of consequences of a new technological system on safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is generally completed by a risk analysis process aiming to identify hazards associated to the new system of a strategic decision aiming to support the adaptation of the behaviour of the organisation to its environment technological system. Several methods and tools exist to support such assessment. In the context of safety

  10. Essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

  11. Industrial Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?...

  12. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  13. Geographic Information System (GIS) Emergency Support for the May 2000 Cerro Grande Wildfire, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.R.Mynard; G.N.Keating; P.M.Rich; D.R. Bleakly

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In May 2000 the Cerro Grande wildfire swept through Los Alamos, New Mexico, burning approximately 17,400 ha (43,000 acres) and causing evacuation of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and the communities of Los Alamos and White Rock. An integral part of emergency response during the fire was the use of geographic information system (GIS) technology, which continues to be used in support of post-fire restoration and environmental monitoring. During the fire Laboratory GIS staff and volunteers from other organizations worked to produce maps and provide support for emergency managers, including at an emergency GIS facility in Santa Fe. Subsequent to the fire, Laboratory GIS teams supported the multiagency Burned Area Emergency Rehabilitation (BAER) team to provide GIS data and maps for planning mitigation efforts. The GIS teams continue to help researchers, operations personnel, and managers deal with the tremendous changes caused by the fire. Much of the work is under the auspices of the Cerro Grande Rehabilitation Project (CGRP) to promote recovery from fire damage, improve information exchange, enhance emergency management, and conduct mitigation activities. GIS efforts during the fire provided important lessons about institutional matters, working relationships, and emergency preparedness. These lessons include the importance of (1) an integrated framework for assessing natural and human hazards in a landscape context; (2) a strong GIS capability for emergency response; (3) coordinated emergency plans for GIS operations; (4) a method for employees to report their whereabouts and receive authoritative information during an evacuation; (5) GIS data that are complete, backed-up, and available during an emergency; (6) adaptation of GIS to the circumstances of the emergency; (7) better coordination in the GIS community; (8) better integration of GIS into LANL operations; and (9) a central data warehouse for data and metadata. These lessons are important for planning future directions of GIS at LANL. Growing maturity of GIS is expected to lead to standardization and a better-integrated, more-coordinated approach to data sharing and emergency management at LANL, and within DOE, in accord with the federal government's increasing focus on electronic communication for its organizational and public interactions.

  14. APPLICATION OF GENEALOGICAL DECISION TREES FOR OPEN-LOOP TRACKING CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Moral , Pierre

    APPLICATION OF GENEALOGICAL DECISION TREES FOR OPEN-LOOP TRACKING CONTROL Enso Ikonen !,1 Kaddour on a genealogical decision tree is suggested for solving an open-loop tracking problem. The algorithm associates supported by UK EPSRC Research cluster project, grant nro GR/S63779/01 Genealogical decision trees belong

  15. Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kraucunas, Ian P.; Clarke, Leon E.; Dirks, James A.; Hathaway, John E.; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Huang, Maoyi; Jin, Chunlian; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Li, Hongyi; Moss, Richard H.; Peterson, Marty J.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.; Thomson, Allison M.; Voisin, Nathalie; West, Tristram O.

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA) is an innovative modeling system developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to simulate interactions among natural and human systems at scales relevant to regional decision making. PRIMA brings together state-of-the-art models of regional climate, hydrology, agriculture, socioeconomics, and energy systems using a flexible coupling approach. The platform can be customized to inform a variety of complex questions and decisions, such as the integrated evaluation of mitigation and adaptation options across a range of sectors. Research into stakeholder decision support needs underpins the platform's application to regional issues, including uncertainty characterization. Ongoing numerical experiments are yielding new insights into the interactions among human and natural systems on regional scales with an initial focus on the energy-land-water nexus in the upper U.S. Midwest. This paper focuses on PRIMA’s functional capabilities and describes some lessons learned to date about integrated regional modeling.

  16. An Analysis of Heterogeneity in Futuristic Unmanned Vehicle Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehme, C. E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have shown that with appropriate operator decision support and with enough automation aboard

  17. Aeronautical System Center's environmental compliance assessment and management program's cost-saving initiatives support the Air Force's acquisition reform initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meanor, T.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Environmental Management directorate of ASC (ASC/EM) has the responsibility of providing government oversight for the Government Owned Contractor Operated Aircraft and Missile plants (GOCOs). This oversight is manifested as a landlord role where Air Force provides the funding required to maintain the plant facilities including buildings and utilities as well as environmental systems. By agreement the companies operating the plants are required to operate them in accordance with environmental law. Presently the GOCOs include Air Force Plant (AFP) 6 in Marietta Ga., AFP 4 in Fort Worth, Tx., AFP 44 in Tucson, Az., AFP 42 in Palmdale, Ca., and AFP PJKS in Denver, Co. Lockheed Martin corporation operates AFPs 4,6, PJKS and a portion of AFP 42 while AFP 44 is operated by Raytheon Missile Systems Company. Other GOCOs at AFP 42 are Northrup-Grumman, Boeing, and Cabaco, the facilities engineer. Since 1992 the Environmental Management division has conducted its Environmental Compliance Assessment and Management Program assessments (ECAMP) annually at each of the plants. Using DOD's ECAMP Team Guide and teams comprised of both Air Force and consultant engineering personnel, each plant is assessed for its environmental compliance well being. In the face of rising operational costs and diminishing budgets ASC/EM performed a comprehensive review of its ECAMP. As a result, the basic ECAMP program was improved to reduce costs without compromising on quality of the effort. The program retained its emphasis in providing a snap-shot evaluation of each Air Force plant's environmental compliance health supported by complete but tailored protocol assessments.

  18. Intelligent System for Detection of Abnormalities and Theft of Electricity using Genetic Algorithm and Support Vector Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    ) analysis in electric utilities using Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The main. Keywords: Support vector machine, Genetic algorithm, Electricity theft, Non-technical loss, Data mining. 1. Introduction Electricity utilities lose large amounts of money each year due to fraud by electricity consumers

  19. Proposal for the 2011 Unidata Community Equipment Awards IDD Ingest Relay Replacement in Support of the THREDDS/RAMADDA Server System at Penn State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Support of the THREDDS/RAMADDA Server System at Penn State 2 Project Summary: The Pennsylvania State relays are now over 5 years old and beginning to malfunction. Currently, one the three servers is down for diagnosis/repair with an unidentified fault. If a second server were to fail, our ability to maintain IDD

  20. Control of a wind park with doubly fed induction generators in support of power system stability in case of grid faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Control of a wind park with doubly fed induction generators in support of power system stability, 64283 Darmstadt, Germany * Risř National Laboratory, Wind Energy Department, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000@re.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract The paper presents a control strategy for wind parks based on the doubly fed induction generator

  1. Published as: (1) Aerts, D., 2001, "Transdisciplinary and integrative sciences in sustainable development", in Our Fragile World, a forerunner of the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    fundamental problems with which humanity is confronted in relation to sustainable development, and analyze1 Published as: (1) Aerts, D., 2001, "Transdisciplinary and integrative sciences in sustainable development", in Our Fragile World, a forerunner of the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Baldwin House

  2. Introducing Impact Analysis for Architectural Decisions Matthias Riebisch, Sven Wohlfarth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riebisch, Matthias

    of the architectural decisions during the development and evolution of systems of this kind are frequently called are the definition of a middleware plat- form, of a database management system (DBMS) or an architectural style

  3. ERB and Northern European FRIEND Project 5 Conference, Demnovsk dolina, Slovakia, 2002 Evaluation of a distributed hydrology model to support restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    of a distributed hydrology model to support restoration efforts in small watersheds with limited data: from to assist in decision making. Distributed hydrologic modeling in geographic information systems (GIS) has scale, or they require excessive calibration, or they are not based on the dominant hydrologic processes

  4. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  5. Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumaw, R.J.; Swatzler, D.; Roth, E.M. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Thomas, W.A. [Quantum Technologies, Inc., Oak Brook, IL (United States)

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills.

  6. Combining Decision Procedures for Sorted Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinelli, Cesare

    setting, nor is it obvious that the method in fact lifts as is to logics with sorts. To bridge this gap decision procedures for logical theories arises in many areas of computer science and artificial to Nelson and Oppen [8]. This method is at the heart of the verification systems cvc [9], argo-lib [6

  7. DEVELOPMENTOF A DECISION MAKING ALGORITHMFOR AIRBAG CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmud, Syed Masud

    DEVELOPMENTOF A DECISION MAKING ALGORITHMFOR AIRBAG CONTROL Ansaf I. Alrabady & Syed M. Mahmud Dept algorithms have been developed for airbag system to reduce head injury during the crash. Most is costly and ineffective to trigger the airbag on time for different types of crashes. The electronic

  8. Trust Calibration for Automated Decision Aids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    March 2010 Trust Calibration for Automated Decision Aids Project Leads Maranda McBride, PhD, North in a system is poorly calibrated. "Calibration" is a term used to describe the process by which automated such as homeland security. Therefore, it is imperative that DMs' trust be calibrated so that they effectively use

  9. Office of Legacy Management Decision Tree for Solar Photovoltaic Projects - 13317

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, John; Butherus, Michael [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States)] [S.M. Stoller Corporation (United States); Barr, Deborah L. [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To support consideration of renewable energy power development as a land reuse option, the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) established a partnership to conduct an assessment of wind and solar renewable energy resources on LM lands. From a solar capacity perspective, the larger sites in the western United States present opportunities for constructing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects. A detailed analysis and preliminary plan was developed for three large sites in New Mexico, assessing the costs, the conceptual layout of a PV system, and the electric utility interconnection process. As a result of the study, a 1,214-hectare (3,000-acre) site near Grants, New Mexico, was chosen for further study. The state incentives, utility connection process, and transmission line capacity were key factors in assessing the feasibility of the project. LM's Durango, Colorado, Disposal Site was also chosen for consideration because the uranium mill tailings disposal cell is on a hillside facing south, transmission lines cross the property, and the community was very supportive of the project. LM worked with the regulators to demonstrate that the disposal cell's long-term performance would not be impacted by the installation of a PV solar system. A number of LM-unique issues were resolved in making the site available for a private party to lease a portion of the site for a solar PV project. A lease was awarded in September 2012. Using a solar decision tree that was developed and launched by the EPA and NREL, LM has modified and expanded the decision tree structure to address the unique aspects and challenges faced by LM on its multiple sites. The LM solar decision tree covers factors such as land ownership, usable acreage, financial viability of the project, stakeholder involvement, and transmission line capacity. As additional sites are transferred to LM in the future, the decision tree will assist in determining whether a solar PV project is feasible on the new sites. (authors)

  10. Human-Automation Path Planning Optimization and Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Path planning is a problem encountered in multiple domains, including unmanned vehicle control, air traffic control, and future exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. Due to the voluminous and complex nature of the ...

  11. "LIFE OF FIELD" DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS, DOE-SUPPORTED SIMULATION SOFTWARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    -friendly versions of two reservoir simulators originally developed by DOE ­ BOAST and CO2 PROPHET ­ can be used, Polymer flooding, ASP or lower concentration flooding, and CO2). WHO SHOULD ATTEND Petroleum Engineers, and ultimately enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes. DOE-developed simulation software packages

  12. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Decision Support for Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data to generate and share mission-critical analysis and insights. November 2012 PNNL-SA-90020 Gariann Gelston Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 372-4480 gariann.gelston@pnnl.gov Angie Dalton Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 371-6607 angela.dalton@pnnl.gov ABOUT FPGI The Future Power Grid

  13. Cybersecurity Games and Investments: A Decision Support Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malacaria, Pasquale

    , points out that only 24% of Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) are very confident in protecting" funded by EPSRC, Grants: EP/K005820/1, EP/K005790/1. #12;2 CISOs face in addressing cybersecurity approach that CISOs can follow. Therefore another dimension of the cybersecurity investment problem

  14. Decision support tools for environmentally conscious chemical process design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cano Ruiz, José Alejandro, 1969-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The environment has emerged as an important determinant of the performance of the modern chemical industry. Process engineering in the 21st century needs to evolve to include environmental issues as part of the design ...

  15. Decision Support and Optimization in Shutdown and Turnaround Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    heuristic produces. 1 Introduction In chemical manufacturing and petroleum refining, large-scale maintenance with solutions of a time-consuming mixed integer program prove the high quality of the solutions that our fast

  16. RIS-M-2525 DECISION SUPPORT IN SUPERVISORY CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the design basis, up-to-date knowledge of plant status and accumulated op- erational experience. INIS

  17. Using EMR transactional data for personalize clinical decision support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidzon, Guido Alejandro

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Collective intelligence techniques have been used to predict stock prices, customer purchasing habits, movies and books preferences for years, yet they remain unused in the medical profession. With the increasing adoption ...

  18. Supporting Intelligent and Trustworthy Maritime Path Planning Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M.L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The risk of maritime collisions and groundings has dramatically increased in the past five years despite technological advancements such as GPS-based navigation tools and electronic charts which may add to, instead of ...

  19. Decision support tool for dynamic workforce scheduling in manufacturing environments \\

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Radhika, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scheduling for production in manufacturing environments requires an immense amount of planning. A large number of factors such as part availability, production cost, space constraints and labor supply must be taken into ...

  20. Improving Risk Assessment to Support State Energy Infrastructure Decision

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P.Department ofMaking | Department of Energy Alice Lippert