Sample records for decision making tools

  1. User needs for solar decision-making tools: the homebuilding industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kantrowitz, M.; Kurtz, J.; Hart, K.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of the need for decision tools and design tools to be used by decision makers considering using solar energy in the single-family residential construction sector is presented. The study finds three builder groups based upon decision making patterns relative to innovation and a five-step decision process. The report also reviews eleven existing design tools against identified user needs. The principal conclusions are that decision tools are largely lacking and design tools do not easily fit user needs. Recommendations for further study are made.

  2. Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger-based decisions about pesticide usage. Aside from technical data, pesticide risk management relies on diverse information on spraying efficacy and valuation of outcomes that would be necessary for making risk management

  3. Maintenance decision making tool reaching a compromise between maintainability and reliability performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    or scheduled preventive maintenance) to condition-based or predictive maintenance strategies preventive maintenance actions, in the sense that planned production stoppages within this temporal horizonMaintenance decision making tool reaching a compromise between maintainability and reliability

  4. System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

    2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

  5. Contributions to risk-informed decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Michael A. (Michael Alfred)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk-informed decision-making (RIDM) is a formal process that assists stakeholders make decisions in the face of uncertainty. At MIT, a tool known as the Analytic Deliberative Decision Making Process (ADP) has been under ...

  6. InterTwinkles : online tools for non-hierarchical, consensus-oriented decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeTar, Charles (Charles Frederick)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-hierarchical, participatory, consensus-based decision making has seen an explosion in popularity in recent years. The traditional techniques of formal consensus, however, are limited to face-to-face meetings, which can ...

  7. Decision-Making Aid Tool for the Evaluation and Improvement of the Energy Performance of Stock of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Lahrech, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the most adapted one to develop each functionality of the decision- making aid tool for the evaluation and improvement of the energy performance of stock of buildings. Existing methods The Table 1 [1] & [4] shows a brief comparison between... the development of a tool. This tool is intended for building professionals, particularly managers, to help them manage their building stock and improve energy performance. Several studies based on simulation and benchmarking methods have been carried out...

  8. Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making Citation: Kathleen M. Carley & Dean Behrens, 1999, "Organizational and Individual Decision Making." Ch. 18, Inc. #12;Organizational and Individual Decision Making Organizational and Individual Decision Making

  9. Decision-Making Aid Tool for the Evaluation and Improvement of the Energy Performance of Stock of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Lahrech, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the most adapted one to develop each functionality of the decision- making aid tool for the evaluation and improvement of the energy performance of stock of buildings. Existing methods The Table 1 [1] & [4] shows a brief comparison between... buildings and distribute whole consumptions on end uses. Figure 3 shows the process used to validate the Benchmarking method. Simulations will be carried out with the SIMBAD Toolbox according to the stock data to evaluate energy consumptions...

  10. Essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

  11. Industrial Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and industrial investment decision-making. The paper will also address several important questions: • Why has industrial investment declined? • What is the outlook for industrial investment? • How can programs engage industry for future opportunities?...

  12. Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

  13. Three essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

  14. Making Decisions with Enterprise Budgets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jackie; McCorkle, Dean; Outlaw, Joe

    2000-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Enterprise budgets can help farmers and ranchers make better decisions about what products to produce and how to produce them economically. This publication tells how to create and use enterprise budgets and includes an example....

  15. Participation in crisis decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsico, Dale Joseph

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PARTICIPATION IN CRISIS DECISION MAKiNG A Thesis by DALE JOSEPH MARSICO Submitted to the Graduate Col. legs of Te-. :as A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement~ for the degree MASTFR OF ARTS December 1973 Na)or Sub...]ect: Political Science PARTICIPATION IN CRISIS DECISION MAI'1NG A Thesis by DARE JOSEPH YARSICO Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Corm'. ttee M mber) PQBIQ ()~~ December 1973 487889 ABSTRACT Participation in Crisis Decision Making. (De...

  16. Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivation – Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design – An item analysis indicated that the operators’ Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value – This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message – The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

  17. A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165. Data Mining and Decision Making Andrew Kusiak Department of Mechanical

  18. Systems Biology Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entities (e.g., molecular, cellular, organism, ecological) #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Systems/analysis of perception, attention, choice, learning, optimality,... #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Group decision making, evolution and ecology Current work: Modeling/analysis of coordinated motion, foraging, choice

  19. Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three T’s: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

  20. Simulation of human decision making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

  1. Investigating online decision-making styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Young A

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have been mainly viewed as a...

  2. Making Hard Choices: Using Data to Make Collections Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Susan E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    analysis methodologies for collection management. College &2012). Relevance of library collections for graduate studentUsing Data to Make Collections Decisions Susan Elizabeth

  3. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Decision Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an overview of the development of the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program decision tool, purpose, and scope.

  4. Information, decision-making and health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abaluck, Jason T

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three essays on information, decision-making and health. All three concern the relationship between the choices consumers would make if they were "fully informed" in an appropriate sense and the ...

  5. aid decision tool: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 121 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  6. Preferences, Information, and Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinoza, Alejandro

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study will examine how the structure of preferences of group members in a decision-making group, as well as the information they have, affects the collection and the processing of information by individual members of a decision making group...

  7. Preferences, Information, and Group Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinoza, Alejandro

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study will examine how the structure of preferences of group members in a decision-making group, as well as the information they have, affects the collection and the processing of information by individual members of a decision making group...

  8. Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    administrators across the state of Texas were surveyed to obtain information about their evidence-based decision-making practices and the factors that influenced them when making decisions about interventions for their districts. The purpose...

  9. Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool: An innovative step towards community resilience Support Tool Pilot Internet-based scalable mapping server Emergency management geo-referenced information for all municipalities in Puerto Rico #12;Disaster Decision Support Tool (DDST) What is a GIS

  10. Decision making process and factors routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

  11. Rock Slopes from Mechanics to Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einstein, Herbert H.

    Rock slope instabilities are discussed in the context of decision making for risk assessment and management. Hence, the state of the slope and possible failure mechanism need to be defined first. This is done with geometrical ...

  12. Examining Decision-Making Regarding Environmental Information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marble, Julie Lynne; Medema, Heather Dawne; Hill, Susan Gardiner

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eight participants were asked to view a computer-based multimedia presentation on an environmental phenomenon. Participants were asked to play a role as a senior aide to a national legislator. In this role, they were told that the legislator had asked them to review a multimedia presentation regarding the hypoxic zone phenomenon in the Gulf of Mexico. Their task in assuming the role of a senior aide was to decide how important a problem this issue was to the United States as a whole, and the proportion of the legislator’s research budget that should be devoted to study of the problem. The presentation was divided into 7 segments, each containing some new information not contained in the previous segments. After viewing each segment, participants were asked to indicate how close they were to making a decision and how certain they were that their current opinion would be their final decision. After indicating their current state of decision-making, participants were interviewed regarding the factors affecting their decision-making. Of interest was the process by which participants moved toward a decision. This experiment revealed a number of possible directions for future research. There appeared to be two approaches to decision-making: Some decision-makers moved steadily toward a decision, and occasionally reversed decisions after viewing information, while others abruptly reached a decision after a certain time period spent reviewing the information. Although the difference in estimates of distance to decisions did not differ statistically for these two groups, that difference was reflected in the participants’ estimates of confidence that their current opinion would be their final decision. The interviews revealed that the primary difference between these two groups was in their trade-offs between willingness to spend time in information search and the acquisition of new information. Participants who were less confident about their final decision, tended to be the same group of participants who moved slowly toward a decision. These participants also tended to indicate that acquisition of information was more critical than the amount of time spent on the information search. The second group tended to form a set of specific questions for which they desired specific answers. This group was more likely to demonstrate a significant reduction in their distance to a decision much earlier than the first group. In addition, this group tended to be very confident of their final decision and indicated that time spent in information search was more critical than obtaining new information. They indicated that the value of information obtained must remain high to justify the extensive time spent in information search.

  13. Executive decision making processes and outcomes : structure and robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chacon, Vince

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainty in the decision making environment complicates the decision making process because future events may change the effect of a particular decision or series of decisions. This thesis explores the possibility of ...

  14. Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

  15. Manipulating decision making of typical agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate how the choice of decision makers can be varied under the presence of risk and uncertainty. Our analysis is based on the approach we have previously applied to individual decision makers, which we now generalize to the case of decision makers that are members of a society. The approach employs the mathematical techniques that are common in quantum theory, justifying our naming as Quantum Decision Theory. However, we do not assume that decision makers are quantum objects. The techniques of quantum theory are needed only for defining the prospect probabilities taking into account such hidden variables as behavioral biases and other subconscious feelings. The approach describes an agent's choice as a probabilistic event occurring with a probability that is the sum of a utility factor and of an attraction factor. The attraction factor embodies subjective and unconscious dimensions in the mind of the decision maker. We show that the typical aggregate amplitude of the attraction factor is $1/4$, and it can be either positive or negative depending on the relative attraction of the competing choices. The most efficient way of varying the decision makers choice is realized by influencing the attraction factor. This can be done in two ways. One method is to arrange in a special manner the payoff weights, which induces the required changes of the values of attraction factors. We show that a slight variation of the payoff weights can invert the sign of the attraction factors and reverse the decision preferences, even when the prospect utilities remain unchanged. The second method of influencing the decision makers choice is by providing information to decision makers. The methods of influencing decision making are illustrated by several experiments, whose outcomes are compared quantitatively with the predictions of our approach.

  16. DEVELOPMENTOF A DECISION MAKING ALGORITHMFOR AIRBAG CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmud, Syed Masud

    DEVELOPMENTOF A DECISION MAKING ALGORITHMFOR AIRBAG CONTROL Ansaf I. Alrabady & Syed M. Mahmud Dept algorithms have been developed for airbag system to reduce head injury during the crash. Most is costly and ineffective to trigger the airbag on time for different types of crashes. The electronic

  17. Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

  18. Cellular Decision Making and Biological Noise: From Microbes to Mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balázsi, Gábor

    Cellular decision making is the process whereby cells assume different, functionally important and heritable fates without an associated genetic or environmental difference. Such stochastic cell fate decisions generate ...

  19. Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

  20. The value of a Pavement Management System (PMS) and the planning and cost-benefit tools it provides for decision making have long been recognized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    The value of a Pavement Management System (PMS) and the planning and cost-benefit tools it provides this scenario: as a DOT pavement and main- tenance engineer, you are faced with budgeting the maintenance to the Rutgers' Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation (CAIT) for help. Teams from CAIT's Pavement

  1. Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jih-Horn

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

  2. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  3. attribute decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 5 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  4. applied decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 7 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  5. Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jih-Horn

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

  6. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  7. D2 Dopamine Receptor Mediation of Risky Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Nicholas Wayne

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    to determine if the behavioral patterns obtained in the risky decision-making task represent an independent cognitive construct rather than a function of a separate behavioral trait. Risky decision-making performance was not correlated with measures...

  8. Framing bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelineFraming bioremediation decision making as negotiation: Rationale & guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bjornstad, David J.; Wolfe, Amy K.

    2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Framing remediation decision making as negotiation: (1) social choice, not technology choice; (2) prompts decision makers to identify interested and affected parties, anticipate objections, effectively address and ameliorate objections, and avoid unacceptable decisions.

  9. The Effects of Elite Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Morgen S.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

  10. Decision making in the reactor control room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important roles of the nuclear reactor operator is that of decision maker. This paper discusses a simple model of the decision process used by the reactor operator. Resources that must be available so that he can perform the decision process are presented. Decision aids which have been investigated at EG and G Idaho, Inc., as part of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program are briefly discussed. Some general concepts of computerized decision aiding are developed, and the promises and pitfalls of such decision aids are explored. 7 refs., 1 fig.

  11. Special Issue on Integrated Uncertainty Management for Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    under soft constraints #12;· Application: ­ Ranking and recommendation systems ­ Supply chain management and decision making. Topics include but are not limited to: · Methodology: ­ Uncertainty formalisms: Bayesian

  12. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Secretary has signed a memorandum on "Improved Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act...

  13. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

    2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . The computerized Decision Board records key features of the decision-making process: (a) the sequence in which decision makers acquire the information, (b) the number of items that respondents view for every alternative along every dimension, and (c) the amount... Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models March 31, 2003 ? March 31, 2005 This research was funded by the National Defense University Contract No. DABJ29-03-P-0084 INSTITUTE FOR SCIENCE...

  14. A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    A Theory of Travel Decision-Making with Applications for Modeling Active Travel Demand by Patrick methods, the research upon which modeling tools are based has yet to settle on a comprehensive theory, and environmental factors. While modeling tools have explained travel primarily through economic theories

  15. Make the Most of Your Time: How Should the Analyst Work with Automated Traceability Tools?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dekhtyar, Alexander

    software engineer or analyst to make decisions or judgments based on the output of an automated tool. For example, a software architect may examine the outputs of a cost benefit analysis tool to decide on a particular architecture; a project manager may examine the output of a risk assessment tool to determine what

  16. Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing...

  17. Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment Dima Mufti-Alchawafa1 , Vanda.Vadcard}@imag.fr Abstract. In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method environment a model of knowledge (Luengo & al., 2004), a model of knowledge diagnosis and a model of didactic

  18. MEDICAL DECISION MAKING LIBRARY NUMERIC CATEGORIES 1 Teaching MDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    Decision Making (general) 4 Clinical Decision Making "Rounds" · NEJM "CLinical Problem Solving" 5 Clinical Clinical Prediction Rules 9 Algorithms · Guidelines 10 Calculating Posttest Probability 11 Test Performance · Informatics 26 Pros and Cons of MDM 27 Uncertainty 28 Critical Appraisal · Evidence-based Medicine 29 Outcomes

  19. Algorithmic Decision Theory and Risk-based Decision Making in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    distances to access resources in the case of a maritime, personnel casualty, or oil spill event. August 2012 speeds and quantities 2 #12;3 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·These tools and resources will enable better Theory ·These tools and resources will enable better decisions if we can surmount concomitant challenges

  20. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  1. Experiments on decision making and auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Elizabeth Ann

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    with the idea of making the priceprobability tradeoff, the central consideration in auctions, more salient to subjects. I approach this in two different ways. First, I use a customdesigned graphical interface which displays all results both visually...

  2. Developing an alternative model for travel decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Kam

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study proposes an alternative travel decision making model and situates its arguments in the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) theoretical construct. The MOA model suggests that motivation, opportunity, and ability are major factors...

  3. Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittner, Andreas

    Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem­ source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

  4. Robust decision-making with model uncertainty in aerospace systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertuccelli, Luca Francesco, 1981-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual performance of sequential decision-making problems can be extremely sensitive to errors in the models, and this research addressed the role of robustness in coping with this uncertainty. The first part of this thesis ...

  5. DECISION-MAKING AND THE VULNERABILITY OF INTERDEPENDENT CRITICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    , telecommunications, water supply, wastewater, electric power and other energy infrastructure. Event databasesDECISION-MAKING AND THE VULNERABILITY OF INTERDEPENDENT CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Zimmerman, R interdependencies, extreme events, vulnerability assessment 1 Introduction The provision of infrastructure services

  6. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Meeting December 12, 2014 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at...

  7. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

  8. Performance Assessment for Environmental Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D.R.; Fewell, M.E.; Gomez, L.S.; Marietta, M.G.; Swift, P.N.; Trauth, K.M.; Vaughn, P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); MacKinnon, R.J. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Performance Assessment Departments at Sandia National Laboratories have, over the last twenty (20) years, developed unique, internationally-recognized performance and risk assessment methods to assess options for the safe disposal and remediation of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous waste/contamination in geohydrologic systems. While these methods were originally developed for the disposal of nuclear waste, ongoing improvements and extensions make them equally applicable to a variety of environmental problems such as those associated with the remediation of EPA designated Superfund sites and the more generic Brownfield sites (industrial sites whose future use is restricted because of real or perceived contamination).

  9. Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    -Making under Risk · Expected Value · Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis ­ A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS · Multi-Criteria Optimisation · Risk Analysis and Simulation · Bayesian

  10. As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability information will be needed to assist policy analysis.As visual analytics emerges as a major tool of policy analysis,sustainability information,particularly sustainability indicators

  11. The Decision-Making Process in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Lutz Prechelt and Peter Lanzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prechelt, Lutz

    The Decision-Making Process in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Lutz Prechelt and Peter Lanzer 1 supplying these tools is increasingly trying to create the impression that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a simple and straightforward procedure. It is nothing of the sort. In PCI, in fact

  12. Multi-criteria decision-making process for buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J. D.; Curtner, A.

    2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on a process designed to facilitate two key decisions early in the building design process that are critical to a building's sustainability. As vital decisions are made during the building's design, the process and accompanying tools assist the design team in prioritizing their goals, setting performance targets, and evaluating design options to ensure that the most important issues affecting building sustainability are considered.

  13. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  14. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high' level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the glue'' or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  15. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high` level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the ``glue`` or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  16. The development and testing of a nonconsequentialist decision-making model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elaydi, Raed Saber

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    New conceptual work in the judgment and decision-making research arena has suggested a nonconsequentialist perspective to decision-making. From this perspective, an emphasis is placed on emotions during the decision-making process, specifically...

  17. STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY EFFECTS ON DECISION-MAKING: PREDICTING HEURISTIC VERSUS ANALYTIC STRATEGY ADOPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hare, Aminda Jo

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of mood states on decision-making behavior has revealed two styles of decision making: heuristic and analytic (Fiedler, 1991). When the limited research on anxious moods and decision-making style is considered, ...

  18. Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

  19. New Decision Support Tool for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chronopoulos, Anthony T.

    New Decision Support Tool for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Classification Monica Madhukar affected by Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. The results show that the proposed system robustly segments and classifies acute lymphoblastic leukemia based on complete microscopic blood images. Keywords: Classification

  20. SciTech Connect: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems A...

  1. Decentralized Decision Making Process for Document Server Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Decentralized Decision Making Process for Document Server Networks Aur´elie Beynier Abdel@info.unicaen.fr Abstract-- A peer-to-peer server network system consists of a large number of autonomous servers logically connected in a peer-to-peer way where each server maintains a collection of documents. When a query

  2. Universal Scanning and Sequential Decision Making for Multidimensional Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weissman, Tsachy

    Universal Scanning and Sequential Decision Making for Multidimensional Data Asaf Cohen Department in scanning of multidimensional data arrays, such as universal scanning and prediction ("scandiction, it is natural to ask what is the optimal method to scan and predict a given image, what is the resulting minimum

  3. Optimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    by heating, ventilating and air- conditioning (HVAC) systems. According to published statistics, HVAC systemsOptimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li Department of Mechanical Accepted 24 July 2009 Available online 15 August 2009 Keywords: Ventilation Air quality Multi

  4. LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon Lisa MB Harrington Kansas State University #12;2 LNG · Liquified Natural Gas · Natural gas condensed into a liquid by cooling to about -163º;· LNG is considered cleaner than coal and petroleum- based fuels, but development also poses issues

  5. Decision support tools for policy and planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacyk, P.; Schultz, D.; Spangenberg, L.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision support system (DSS) is being developed at the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The DSS will be used to evaluate alternatives for improving LANL`s existing central radioactive waste water treatment plant and to evaluate new site-wide liquid waste treatment schemes that are required in order to handle the diverse waste streams produced at LANL. The decision support system consists of interacting modules that perform the following tasks: rigorous process simulation, configuration management, performance analysis, cost analysis, risk analysis, environmental impact assessment, transportation modeling, and local, state, and federal regulation compliance checking. Uncertainty handling techniques are used with these modules and also with a decision synthesis module which combines results from the modules listed above. We believe the DSS being developed can be applied to almost any other industrial water treatment facility with little modification because in most situations the waste streams are less complex, fewer regulations apply, and the political environment is simpler. The techniques being developed are also generally applicable to policy and planning decision support systems in the chemical process industry.

  6. Effective early planning and integration of NEPA into the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hannon, W.C.; Gensler, J.D. (Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper covers several key challenges and lessons learned in a federal agency assignment to educate the decision makers in NEPA and then to effectuate decisions early in the decision-making process based on the information derived from the NEPA process participants and documentation. Many of the key challenges faced by these federal decision makers stem, in part, from unfamiliarity with NEPA requirements and the benefits that can be derived by utilizing the process to support making an informed decision. Secondly, federal managers, at times believe that the process is a hindrance to accomplishing their mission. Lastly, there was a genuine belief that the public and other organizations within the agency should have no part in evaluating or commenting on the proposed action. Using the knowledge gained from drafting and reviewing EISs and EAs, Booz, Allen devised a systematic process that effectively: educated management on NEPA requirements; developed a management tool to guide and integrate the process; and encouraged the early and effective use of environmental and social information into all decision-making processes.

  7. Decision making under uncertainty: An investigation into the application of formal decision-making methods to safety issue decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohn, M P [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the NRC-sponsored program to study the implications of Generic Issue 57, Effects of Fire Protection System Actuation on Safety-Related Equipment,'' a subtask was performed to evaluate the applicability of formal decision analysis methods to generic issues cost/benefit-type decisions and to apply these methods to the GI-57 results. In this report, the numerical results obtained from the analysis of three plants (two PWRs and one BWR) as developed in the technical resolution program for GI-57 were studied. For each plant, these results included a calculation of the person-REM averted due to various accident scenarios and various proposed modifications to mitigate the accident scenarios identified. These results were recomputed to break out the benefit in terms of contributions due to random event scenarios, fire event scenarios, and seismic event scenarios. Furthermore, the benefits associated with risk (in terms of person-REM) averted from earthquakes at three different seismic ground motion levels were separately considered. Given this data, formal decision methodologies involving decision trees, value functions, and utility functions were applied to this basic data. It is shown that the formal decision methodology can be applied at several different levels. Examples are given in which the decision between several retrofits is changed from that resulting from a simple cost/benefit-ratio criterion by virtue of the decision-makinger's expressed (and assumed) preferences.

  8. Interactive Decision-Support Tool for Risk-Based Radiation Therapy Plan Comparison for Hodgkin Lymphoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodin, N. Patrik [Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, New York, New York (United States); Maraldo, Maja V., E-mail: dra.maraldo@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Aznar, Marianne C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Niels Bohr Institute, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Vogelius, Ivan R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Petersen, Peter M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Bentzen, Søren M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Specht, Lena [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Hematology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To present a novel tool that allows quantitative estimation and visualization of the risk of various relevant normal tissue endpoints to aid in treatment plan comparison and clinical decision making in radiation therapy (RT) planning for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods and Materials: A decision-support tool for risk-based, individualized treatment plan comparison is presented. The tool displays dose–response relationships, derived from published clinical data, for a number of relevant side effects and thereby provides direct visualization of the trade-off between these endpoints. The Quantitative Analyses of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic reports were applied, complemented with newer data where available. A “relevance score” was assigned to each data source, reflecting how relevant the input data are to current RT for HL. Results: The tool is applied to visualize the local steepness of dose–response curves to drive the reoptimization of a volumetric modulated arc therapy treatment plan for an HL patient with head-and-neck involvement. We also use this decision-support tool to visualize and quantitatively evaluate the trade-off between a 3-dimensional conformal RT plan and a volumetric modulated arc therapy plan for a patient with mediastinal HL. Conclusion: This multiple-endpoint decision-support tool provides quantitative risk estimates to supplement the clinical judgment of the radiation oncologist when comparing different RT options.

  9. Decision Support Tool for Desert Tortoises Near Solar Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decision Support Tool for Desert Tortoises Near Solar Installations ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH of renewable energy is of vital importance. Through its focus on reducing the environmental impacts of solar PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ environmental/index.html April 2011 The Issue

  10. Achieving Robustness to Uncertainty for Financial Decision-making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnum, George M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Van Buren, Kendra L. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Hemez, Francois M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Song, Peter [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigates the concept of robustness analysis to support financial decision-making. Financial models, that forecast future stock returns or market conditions, depend on assumptions that might be unwarranted and variables that might exhibit large fluctuations from their last-known values. The analysis of robustness explores these sources of uncertainty, and recommends model settings such that the forecasts used for decision-making are as insensitive as possible to the uncertainty. A proof-of-concept is presented with the Capital Asset Pricing Model. The robustness of model predictions is assessed using info-gap decision theory. Info-gaps are models of uncertainty that express the “distance,” or gap of information, between what is known and what needs to be known in order to support the decision. The analysis yields a description of worst-case stock returns as a function of increasing gaps in our knowledge. The analyst can then decide on the best course of action by trading-off worst-case performance with “risk”, which is how much uncertainty they think needs to be accommodated in the future. The report also discusses the Graphical User Interface, developed using the MATLAB® programming environment, such that the user can control the analysis through an easy-to-navigate interface. Three directions of future work are identified to enhance the present software. First, the code should be re-written using the Python scientific programming software. This change will achieve greater cross-platform compatibility, better portability, allow for a more professional appearance, and render it independent from a commercial license, which MATLAB® requires. Second, a capability should be developed to allow users to quickly implement and analyze their own models. This will facilitate application of the software to the evaluation of proprietary financial models. The third enhancement proposed is to add the ability to evaluate multiple models simultaneously. When two models reflect past data with similar accuracy, the more robust of the two is preferable for decision-making because its predictions are, by definition, less sensitive to the uncertainty.

  11. Needs for Risk Informing Environmental Cleanup Decision Making - 13613

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Ming; Moorer, Richard [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the needs for risk informing decision making by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). The mission of the DOE EM is to complete the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy brought about from the nation's five decades of nuclear weapons development and production and nuclear energy research. This work represents some of the most technically challenging and complex cleanup efforts in the world and is projected to require the investment of billions of dollars and several decades to complete. Quantitative assessments of health and environmental risks play an important role in work prioritization and cleanup decisions of these challenging environmental cleanup and closure projects. The risk assessments often involve evaluation of performance of integrated engineered barriers and natural systems over a period of hundreds to thousands of years, when subject to complex geo-environmental transformation processes resulting from remediation and disposal actions. The requirement of resource investments for the cleanup efforts and the associated technical challenges have subjected the EM program to continuous scrutiny by oversight entities. Recent DOE reviews recommended application of a risk-informed approach throughout the EM complex for improved targeting of resources. The idea behind this recommendation is that by using risk-informed approaches to prioritize work scope, the available resources can be best utilized to reduce environmental and health risks across the EM complex, while maintaining the momentum of the overall EM cleanup program at a sustainable level. In response to these recommendations, EM is re-examining its work portfolio and key decision making with risk insights for the major sites. This paper summarizes the review findings and recommendations from the DOE internal reviews, discusses the needs for risk informing the EM portfolio and makes an attempt to identify topics for R and D in integrated risk assessment that could assist in the EM prioritization efforts. (authors)

  12. Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory ? Phan H. Giang ? Computer Aided Diagnosis & Therapy Group Siemens Medical Solutions H32 51 Valley Stream Pkwy Malvern, PA 19355 USA Phone: 610-448-4324, Fax: 610-448-4274 phan.giang@siemens...(k 1 (?),? 1 ),min(k 2 (?),? 1 )?, ? min(k 1 (?),? 3 ),min(k 2 (?),? 3 )? bracerightbigg = ?k 1 (?),k 2 (?)? = ?? 2 ,? 2 ? 10 The chain of transformation is made possible by application of extended max, min and the facts that ? 1 ? k 1 (?)=? 2 ?? 3...

  13. UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saidak, Filip

    UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

  14. action-based decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 3 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  15. Compact parametric models for efficient sequential decision making in high-dimensional, uncertain domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunskill, Emma Patricia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within artificial intelligence and robotics there is considerable interest in how a single agent can autonomously make sequential decisions in large, high-dimensional, uncertain domains. This thesis presents decision-making ...

  16. Decision making in a non-profit engineering environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, D.C.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conceptual management framework is developed and applied in a science and engineering organization located within a non-profit, public institution. The goal of this research is to select a set of projects whose combined contributions to the organization`s strategic interests satisfy sponsor desires and can be completed within existing time and resource constraints. The development of the rationale for project selection and implementation within the plutonium facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is studied. This includes the integration of prioritization decision tools, optimization techniques, and advanced planning and scheduling tools. The Nuclear Materials Technology Division is the custodian of the plutonium facility, whose mission is to develop, demonstrate, and deploy technologies necessary to address the nation`s and world`s plutonium problems. This includes management of nuclear weapon stockpile components, stabilization of plutonium residues, clean-up of contaminated soils and facilities, support to non-proliferation and arms control initiatives, and the eventual disposition of surplus plutonium. In this study, projects are evaluated against selection criteria deemed to be of critical program importance. The Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to evaluate and rank the importance of the suite of candidate projects. Because individual projects may be of interest to a number of business sectors and sponsors, the approach must be capable of using funding sources in an integrated manner in order to meet overall facility and program strategies. Finally, project planning and scheduling tools are integrated into the decision network in order to ensure that appropriate resource leveling occurs and that the actual project selection takes into account the temporal relationships among available resources.

  17. Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumaw, R.J.; Swatzler, D.; Roth, E.M. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Thomas, W.A. [Quantum Technologies, Inc., Oak Brook, IL (United States)

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills.

  18. Making Risk Models Operational for Situational Awareness and Decision Support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, Patrick R.; Coles, Garill A.; Shoemaker, Steven V.

    2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernization of nuclear power operations control systems, in particular the move to digital control systems, creates an opportunity to modernize existing legacy infrastructure and extend plant life. We describe here decision support tools that allow the assessment of different facets of risk and support the optimization of available resources to reduce risk as plants are upgraded and maintained. This methodology could become an integrated part of the design review process and a part of the operations management systems. The methodology can be applied to the design of new reactors such as small nuclear reactors (SMR), and be helpful in assessing the risks of different configurations of the reactors. Our tool provides a low cost evaluation of alternative configurations and provides an expanded safety analysis by considering scenarios while early in the implementation cycle where cost impacts can be minimized. The effects of failures can be modeled and thoroughly vetted to understand their potential impact on risk. The process and tools presented here allow for an integrated assessment of risk by supporting traditional defense in depth approaches while taking into consideration the insertion of new digital instrument and control systems.

  19. Online Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Arthur

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to create an internet-based Water Treatment Technology Catalog and Decision Tool that will increase production, decrease costs and enhance environmental protection. This is to be accomplished by pairing an operator's water treatment cost and capacity needs to specific water treatments. This project cataloged existing and emerging produced water treatment technologies and allows operators to identify the most cost-effective approaches for managing their produced water. The tool captures the cost and capabilities of each technology and the disposal and beneficial use options for each region. The tool then takes location, chemical composition, and volumetric data for the operator's water and identifies the most cost effective treatment options for that water. Regulatory requirements or limitations for each location are also addressed. The Produced Water Treatment Catalog and Decision Tool efficiently matches industry decision makers in unconventional natural gas basins with: 1) appropriate and applicable water treatment technologies for their project, 2) relevant information on regulatory and legal issues that may impact the success of their project, and 3) potential beneficial use demands specific to their project area. To ensure the success of this project, it was segmented into seven tasks conducted in three phases over a three year period. The tasks were overseen by a Project Advisory Council (PAC) made up of stakeholders including state and federal agency representatives and industry representatives. ALL Consulting has made the catalog and decision tool available on the Internet for the final year of the project. The second quarter of the second budget period, work was halted based on the February 18, 2011 budget availability; however previous project deliverables were submitted on time and the deliverables for Task 6 and 7 were completed ahead of schedule. Thus the application and catalog were deployed to the public Internet. NETL did not provide additional funds and work on the project stopped on February 18, 2011. NETL ended the project on March 31, 2012.

  20. Risk assessment in decision making related to land-use planning (LUP) as required by the Seveso II directive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Risk assessment in decision making related to land-use planning (LUP) as required by the Seveso II the requirement of the Seveso II directive and an analysis of the use of LUP as part of a risk management policy management policy combining several tools. To describe the risk management policy implemented in France

  1. Part I: Allows you to name another person to make health care decisions for you when you cannot make decisions or speak for yourself.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Part I: Allows you to name another person to make health care decisions for you when you cannot make decisions or speak for yourself. Part II: Allows you to record your wishes about health care Agent (Health Care Power of Attorney) Page 1 of 4 My Personal Information Utah Advance Health Care

  2. Bayesian decision making in human collectives with binary choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eguíluz, Víctor M; Fernández-Gracia, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we focus on the description of the mechanisms behind the process of information aggregation and decision making, a basic step to understand emergent phenomena in society, such as trends, information spreading or the wisdom of crowds. In many situations, agents choose between discrete options. We analyze experimental data on binary opinion choices in humans. The data consists of two separate experiments in which humans answer questions with a binary response, where one is correct and the other is incorrect. The questions are answered without and with information on the answers of some previous participants. We find that a Bayesian approach captures the probability of choosing one of the answers. The influence of peers is uncorrelated with the difficulty of the question. The data is inconsistent with Weber's law, which states that the probability of choosing an option depends on the proportion of previous answers choosing that option and not on the total number of those answers. Last, the present Bayesian ...

  3. Conceptual air sparging decision tool in support of the development of an air sparging optimization decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The enclosed document describes a conceptual decision tool (hereinafter, Tool) for determining applicability of and for optimizing air sparging systems. The Tool was developed by a multi-disciplinary team of internationally recognized experts in air sparging technology, lead by a group of project and task managers at Parsons Engineering Science, Inc. (Parsons ES). The team included Mr. Douglas Downey and Dr. Robert Hinchee of Parsons ES, Dr. Paul Johnson of Arizona State University, Dr. Richard Johnson of Oregon Graduate Institute, and Mr. Michael Marley of Envirogen, Inc. User Community Panel Review was coordinated by Dr. Robert Siegrist of Colorado School of Mines (also of Oak Ridge National Laboratory) and Dr. Thomas Brouns of Battelle/Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The Tool is intended to provide guidance to field practitioners and environmental managers for evaluating the applicability and optimization of air sparging as remedial action technique.

  4. Naturalistic Decision Making in Power Grid Operations: Implications for Dispatcher Training and Usability Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin

    2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the present study is on improved training approaches to accelerate learning and improved methods for analyzing effectiveness of tools within a high-fidelity power grid simulated environment. A theory-based model has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The theoretical foundation for the method is based on the concepts of situation awareness, the methods of cognitive task analysis, and the naturalistic decision making (NDM) approach of Recognition Primed Decision Making. The method has been systematically explored and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine NDM processes, we analyzed transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations during the simulated scenario to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. The results of the analysis indicate that the proposed framework can be used constructively to map or assess the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify the mental models and mental simulations that the operators employ at different points in the scenario. This report documents the method, describes elements of the model, and provides appendices that document the simulation scenario and the associated mental models used by operators in the scenario.

  5. d. zonta decision making for smart structures FridayFriday,, SepSep 7, 20127, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sensors in the columns of a new 19-storey residential building... d. zonta · decision making for smart for smart structures Punggol East Contract 26 building owner is the Housing and Development Board (HDB) 61 d. zonta · decision making for smart structures FridayFriday,, SepSep 7, 20127, 2012 Decision

  6. Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinert, Joshua M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

  7. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  8. An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

  9. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  10. Climate Change Scenario Planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder Involvement in the Decision-Making Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decision-making process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  11. Bounded decision making and analytical biases in demand side management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janda, K.B.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand side management (DSM) programs across the United States commonly approach barriers to energy efficiency through technical/economic means and evaluate their impact through technical/economic analysis. To the extent that non-technical barriers exist and influence decision making, they complicate the expected capture of savings. Two utility DSM projects -- Pacific Gas and Electric`s Advanced Customer Technology Test for Maximum Energy Efficiency (ACT{sup 2}) and Bonneville Power Administration`s Energy Edge -- serve as case studies to illustrate how non-technical barriers to specific energy-efficiency measures (EEMs) can limit technical conservation potential. An analysis of rejected EEMs suggest that lessons about non-technical barriers to specific energy-efficiency measures (EEMs) can limit technical conservation potential. An analysis of rejected EEMs suggests that lessons about non-technical barriers may be lost or obscured because of the predominant focus on technical/economic criteria over social, institutional, or cultural constraints. These findings support the need for different evaluation methodologies and further social science research devoted to understanding the non-technical barriers confronted by DSM project participants.

  12. The Design of an IEP Decision Aid: A Tool for Diverse Parents of Children with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuttler, Jessica Oeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision-making is a universal process that occurs constantly in life. Parent participation in educational decision-making is recognized as important by special education law, by special education and school psychology ...

  13. The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Ian Alfredo

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Psychopathological conditions in which decision making is impaired are common and include schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and addiction, among others. This dissertation aimed to investigate the ...

  14. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning Problem Some smart quote Introduction Decision problems underpin nearly all activities in systems ranging from individual robots, to networked power grids.

  15. LCA-IWM: A decision support tool for sustainability assessment of waste management systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boer, J. den [Institute of Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Cycles, Environmental and Spatial Planning (Institute WAR), Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 13, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)], E-mail: j.denboer@iwar.tu-darmstadt.de; Boer, E. den; Jager, J. [Institute of Water Supply and Groundwater Protection, Wastewater Technology, Waste Management, Industrial Material Cycles, Environmental and Spatial Planning (Institute WAR), Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 13, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper outlines the most significant result of the project 'The use of life cycle assessment tools for the development of integrated waste management strategies for cities and regions with rapid growing economies', which was the development of two decision-support tools: a municipal waste prognostic tool and a waste management system assessment tool. The article focuses on the assessment tool, which supports the adequate decision making in the planning of urban waste management systems by allowing the creation and comparison of different scenarios, considering three basic subsystems: (i) temporary storage; (ii) collection and transport and (iii) treatment, disposal and recycling. The design and analysis options, as well as the assumptions made for each subsystem, are shortly introduced, providing an overview of the applied methodologies and technologies. The sustainability assessment methodology used in the project to support the selection of the most adequate scenario is presented with a brief explanation of the procedures, criteria and indicators applied on the evaluation of each of the three sustainability pillars.

  16. 2009 EMS Users Conference Expert Operator Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , abnormal summaries, charts, map boards) that reflect thousands of variables 7 #12;Power Grid Operations National Laboratory September 16, 2009 PNNL-SA-68226 #12;Overview Power Grid Expert Operator Decision Model Improvements Operator Decision Model: An application of Cognitive Science Power grid operations: Complex

  17. Climate change scenario planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decisionmaking process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  18. Environmental life cycle assessment as a decision making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    2011 Environmental impact categories Global warming (99 %) Acidification Ozone depletion Photo oxidant · Environmental Life Cycle Assessment · Operation of the Argentinean Electricity Network · Conclusions #12;PASI minimization 2 1 2 1 2 1 CC)(1Z ** Global criteria method p *** * p *** * C-C CC - Z

  19. Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

  20. Decision-making processes in shipping acquisitions and shipbuilding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroulis, Vasileios

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to expand and analyze the decisions that are constantly being made by shipping companies concerning acquisition of newbuildings, the construction of newbuildings, operational aspects as well ...

  1. Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaba, J.M. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

  2. University of Wisconsin Madison Enterprise IT Decision Making Future State Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    1 of 3 University of Wisconsin ­ Madison Enterprise IT Decision Making ­ Future State Team Charter Document June 28, 2012 Approved June 28, 2012 (v6.1) Team Name Enterprise IT Decision Making ­ Future State business case for the implementation of a selected model. Team members will be responsible for developing

  3. GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making Cyrus-to-end system that enables geospatial decision-making by virtualizing the real-world geolocations. With GeoDec, first the geolocation of interest is rapidly and realistically simulated and all relevant geospatial

  4. Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Updated with Findings and Action Plans Fiscal Year 2012 Office of Strategic Research and Enrollment Management FY12 Plans and Outcomes - Worksheet on Evidence-Based Decision Making (EBDM) Campus

  5. Environmental Analysis and Decision Making The Wiess School of Natural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    175 Environmental Analysis and Decision Making The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Director of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for M.S. in Environmental Analysis and Decision Making in spring) CEVE 401 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry with lab MGMT 750 Management for Science

  6. International Journal of Information Sciences for Decision Making Page 37 N1 -December 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Information Sciences for Decision Making Page 37 N°1 - December 1997 International Journal of Information Sciences for Decision Making N°1 - December 1997 La gestion des flux d'information Information flood management and multimedia integration in information system La gestion des flux d'information

  7. Integrating human and robot decision-making dynamics with feedback: Models and convergence analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Naomi

    , a well-studied decision-making task in behavioral experiments. The human subject chooses between two structures, the behavioral experiments show convergence to suboptimal choices. We propose a human- supervised and the kinds of decisions humans make in psychology experiments. We consider a class of sequential binary

  8. SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risbey, James S.

    SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE of climate variability and change in agricultural adaptation, and developed for a case study of Australian, agriculture, climate change, decision-making, variability 1. Introduction The global agricultural industry

  9. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful tool52] EIO-LCA, “Economic input-output life cycle assessment,”

  10. Decision Making Based on a Nonparametric Shape-Preserving ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 25, 2013 ... (1) provides a nonparametric approach to the sensitivity analysis of a ... illustrated by a portfolio investment decision problem. ... impact of the perturbation on the optimal value and solutions of the ...... nique Report, Georgia State University, Experimental Economics ... European Journal of Operational Re-.

  11. Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    phase of cotton production. Cool temperatures, excessive moisture, hard, packing rains, wind and sand the control of the cotton producer, but force un- wanted and difficult decisions on whether to replant damaged fields will minimize wind and sand damage, improve aeration, and hasten warming and drying of the soil

  12. Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    #12;About SEPA Developed by utilities to facilitate the integration of solar electric power. SEPA (insurance, disconnects, metering) · Balanced vs. best interconnection and net metering regimes #12;Managing Solar DecisionsSource: SEPA 2010 1,717 MW of utility scale solar or 63 % · Nevada & New Mexico 659 MW

  13. Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ihong

    2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    However, in practice the. Cournot-typed ... follower's optimal response to its decision under the Stackelberg model framework. Technically, this ... Once the historical data of demand and prices are available, the quantity and price relationship ..... returning the best sales profit for all tight and non-tight price scenarios. We let *.

  14. DECISION-MAKING AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    options is reviewed and applied to ecosystem-based management. The model recommends a public decision process unless developing new alternatives is not possible, in which case segmented public consultation question involves the kind of public participation strategy to use. For ecosystem-based management to reach

  15. Decision Making in a Sensor Network with Poisson Process Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulakakis, Ioannis

    decision? In the con- text of detecting illicit radioactive material, such questions are of paramount importance to national security and nuclear nonproliferation. Since the detection of (shielded) nuclear Poulakakis Member, IEEE, Herbert G. Tanner Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- This paper addresses a detection

  16. Learning environment simulator: a tool for local decision makers and first responders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leclaire, Rene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hirsch, Gary B [CLE, INCORPORATED

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (NISAC) has developed a prototype learning environment simulator (LES) based on the Critical Infrastructure Protection Decision Support System (CIPDSS) infrastructure and scenario models. The LES is designed to engage decision makers at the grass-roots level (local/city/state) to deepen their understanding of an evolving crisis, enhance their intuition and allow them to test their own strategies for events before they occur. An initial version is being developed, centered on a pandemic influenza outbreak and has been successfully tested with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. LES is not a predictive tool but rather a simulated environment allowing the user to experience the complexities of a crisis before it happens. Users can contrast various approaches to the crisis, competing with alternative strategies of their own or other participants. LES is designed to assist decision makers in making informed choices by functionally representing relevant scenarios before they occur, including impacts to critical infrastructures with their interdependencies, and estimating human health & safety and economic impacts. In this paper a brief overview of the underlying models are given followed by a description of the LES, its interface and usage and an overview of the experience testing LES with a group of hospital administrators and first responders. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the work remaining to make LES operational.

  17. Decision-making models for reproducing intelligence in transportation |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortal Decision Support for Operations and

  18. RISK MANAGEMENT AND RISK ANALYSIS-BASED DECISION TOOLS FOR ATTACKS ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    RISK MANAGEMENT AND RISK ANALYSIS- BASED DECISION TOOLS FOR ATTACKS ON ELECTRIC POWER Simonoff, J.usc.edu/create Report #04-004DRAFT #12;Risk Management and Risk Analysis-Based Decision Tools for Attacks on Electric for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events University of Southern California Los Angeles

  19. -Differences from the General Principles of the Decision-making Procedures, April 2009 / Page 1 of 4 International Programmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blatt, Rainer

    of the quality of the decision-making procedures in the partner organization(s). The internal procedures differ to the partner organization(s). Funding decision The funding decision is taken according to standard FWF of 4 International Programmes Differences from the General Principles of Decision-making Procedures

  20. Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Office of Strategic Research and Analysis July 31, 2006 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY06 FINAL July 30, 2006 Worksheet on Evidence-Based Decision

  1. Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making by Howard W. Reeves1 improve water resources management by illustrating the nonlinear behavior of the coupled system (Pahl systems arise from the decisions of many individuals and groups (Holland 1995; Batty 2005). For the agent

  2. Investigating the Relationship between the Perceptions of Principals and Teachers on Site-Based Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Sandra Deshon

    2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this record of study was to investigate the nature of relationships between the perceptions of principals and teachers on site-based decision making (SBDM) and to uncover patterns existing in relationships between and among state...

  3. Spirituality and Race in Career Decision Making: Perspectives of Blacks Who Recently Graduated from Undergraduate Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner-Driver, Tonya

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ) in the southwest region of the US. This study used career decision making, Black racial identity, spiritual development, and career calling concepts as its conceptual framework. Semi-structured life story interviews were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed...

  4. A method for analysis of expert committee decision-making applied to FDA medical device panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broniatowski, David André, 1982-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committees of experts are critical for decision-making in engineering systems. This is because the complexity of these systems requires that information is pooled from across multiple specialties and domains of knowledge. ...

  5. MULTIAGENT DECISION MAKING FOR SME SUPPLY CHAIN Jihene Tounsi Julien Boissire Georges Habchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MULTIAGENT DECISION MAKING FOR SME SUPPLY CHAIN SIMULATION Jihene Tounsi Julien Boissière Georges of autonomous actors and SME networks which collaborate to achieve a given process. Secondly, the studied SMEs

  6. Decision making based on optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions between quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naruse, Makoto, E-mail: naruse@nict.go.jp [Photonic Network Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795 (Japan); Nomura, Wataru; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Aono, Masashi [Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguru-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Sonnefraud, Yannick; Drezet, Aurélien; Huant, Serge [Université Grenoble Alpes, Inst. NEEL, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst. NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Kim, Song-Ju [WPI Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical near-field interactions between nanostructured matters, such as quantum dots, result in unidirectional optical excitation transfer when energy dissipation is induced. This results in versatile spatiotemporal dynamics of the optical excitation, which can be controlled by engineering the dissipation processes and exploited to realize intelligent capabilities such as solution searching and decision making. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve a decision making problem on the basis of optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions by using colloidal quantum dots of different sizes, formed on a geometry-controlled substrate. We characterize the energy transfer behavior due to multiple control light patterns and experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve the multi-armed bandit problem. Our work makes a decisive step towards the practical design of nanophotonic systems capable of efficient decision making, one of the most important intellectual attributes of the human brain.

  7. Improving customer order visibility to enable improved planning and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Karla M. (Karla Margarete)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The General Purpose Drives organization of ABB Switzerland does not capture sufficient data on the movement of customer orders through the production process to make efficient decisions on where to allocate improvement ...

  8. New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

  9. Application of multi-criteria decision-making on strategic municipal solid waste management in Dalmatia, Croatia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vego, Goran [Civil Engineering Institute of Croatia, Environmental and Hydrotechnics Department, Matice Hrvatske 15, 21000 Split (Croatia)], E-mail: goran.vego@igh.hr; Kucar-Dragicevic, Savka [Croatian Environmental Agency, Director's Office, Trg Marsala Tita 8, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)], E-mail: savka.kucar-dragicevic@azo.hr; Koprivanac, Natalija [Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Environmental Engineering Department, Marulicev Trg 19, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)], E-mail: nkopri@fkit.hr

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficiency of providing a waste management system in the coastal part of Croatia consisting of four Dalmatian counties has been modelled. Two multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods, PROMETHEE and GAIA, were applied to assist with the systematic analysis and evaluation of the alternatives. The analysis covered two levels; first, the potential number of waste management centres resulting from possible inter-county cooperation; and second, the relative merits of siting of waste management centres in the coastal or hinterland zone was evaluated. The problem was analysed according to several criteria; and ecological, economic, social and functional criteria sets were identified as relevant to the decision-making process. The PROMETHEE and GAIA methods were shown to be efficient tools for analysing the problem considered. Such an approach provided new insights to waste management planning at the strategic level, and gave a reason for rethinking some of the existing strategic waste management documents in Croatia.

  10. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed...

  11. Other people's kids: community decision-making and the birth control debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legg, Nina Anderson

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OTHER PEOPLE'S KIDS: COMMUNITy DECISION-MAKING AND THE BIRTH CONTROL DEBATE A Thesis by Nina Anderson Legg Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF ARTS August 1992 Major Subject: Speech Communication OTHER PEOPLE'S KIDS: COMMUNITy DECISION-MAKING AND THE BIRTH CONTROL DEBATE A Thesis by Nina Anderson Legg Approved as to style and content by: Charles R. Conrad (Chair of Committee...

  12. The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Ian Alfredo

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    THE ROLES OF NICOTINIC AND MUSCARINIC CHOLINERGIC RECEPTORS IN RISKY AND IMPULSIVE DECISION MAKING A Dissertation by IAN ALFREDO MENDEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Psychology The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making Copyright...

  13. ORISE: Training Tools for Healthy Schools | How ORISE is Making...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Training Tools for Healthy Schools CDC gains wider audience through e-learning developed by ORAU Training Tools for Healthy Schools ORAU instructional designers and developers are...

  14. Decision-support tools for the assessment process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whelan, Gene; Pelton, Mitch A.; Dorow, Kevin E.

    2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A new software system is under development that provides a framework to link disparate assessment software and databases for site-specific, regional, or national analyses. This system represents the merger of the Framework for Risk Analysis in Multimedia Environmental Systems (FRAMES), which performs site-specific assessments, and Multi-media, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Risk Assessment (3MRA) methodology, which performs regional and national assessments. This Merged System is an icon-driven, site-layout platform, which represents an interactive means by which the user graphically constructs a conceptualization of the problem by visually expressing the assessment, indicating sources of contamination, contaminant travel pathways through the environment, linkages between contamination and people or wildlife, and impacts associated with the contamination. It processes data as part of a systems-based assessment and is an open-architecture, object-oriented framework, which contains ''sockets'' for a collection of databases and computer codes that will transparently simulate elements of transport, exposure, and risk assessment, including contaminant source and release to and through overland soils, vadose and saturated zones, air, surface water, food supply, intake human health impacts, sensitivity/uncertainty, ecological impacts, with the ability to expand into areas including Geographical Information System (GIS), remediation technology, cost analysis, Data Quality Objectives, life-cycle management, and conceptual site design. A user can choose from a list of models, and the assessment path forward can be visually presented, which describes the models and their linkages from source through receptor to the decision-making endpoint.

  15. Grinding tool for making hemispherical bores in hard materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duran, E.L.

    1985-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A grinding tool for forming hemispherical bores in hard materials such as boron carbide. The tool comprises a hemicircular grinding bit, formed of a metal bond diamond matrix, which is mounted transversely on one end of a tubular tool shaft. The bit includes a spherically curved outer edge surface which is the active grinding surface of the tool. Two coolant fluid ports on opposite sides of the bit enable introduction of coolant fluid through the bore of the tool shaft so as to be emitted adjacent the opposite sides of the grinding bit, thereby providing optimum cooling of both the workpiece and the bit.

  16. Decision support tool for the tanker second-hand market using data mining techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karaindros, Athanasios A. (Athanasios Andreas)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes an innovative decision support tool intended for market leaders and those anticipating market states of "sale and purchase". This is feasible with the use of powerful data mining techniques and the ...

  17. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS AN INNOVATIVE COMPUTER TOOL FOR SUPPORTING DECISIONS IN SME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AS AN INNOVATIVE COMPUTER TOOL FOR SUPPORTING DECISIONS IN SME Justyna the model of sustainable development of SME based on using Business Intelligence as an innovative computer Management, Business Intelligence, SME BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE JAKO PRZYKLAD INNOWACYJNEGO NARZDZIA

  18. Tool Improves Electricity Demand Predictions to Make More Room...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles PNNL Reviews Wildlife-Interaction Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms - Technology Hybrids Show Best Potential Updated Web Tool Focuses on Bottom Line...

  19. Supporting Shared Decision Making within the MobiGuide Project Silvana Quaglini1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peleg, Mor

    propose decision theory as a methodological framework for a tool that, during face to face encounters better chances for long-term survival) and irradiation (less risky, but offering a lower chance for long-term survival), whether 5-year survival is indeed their main objective. At least for a subset of the patients

  20. Gains and losses in the eyes of the beholder: a comparative study of foreign policy decision making under risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yi

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Prospect theory is a descriptive model of individual decision-making under risk (Kahneman and Tversky 1979). The central tenet of prospect theory posits that the risk orientation of decision-makers is affected by the gains vs. losses domains...

  1. Gains and losses in the eyes of the beholder: a comparative study of foreign policy decision making under risk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yi

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Prospect theory is a descriptive model of individual decision-making under risk (Kahneman and Tversky 1979). The central tenet of prospect theory posits that the risk orientation of decision-makers is affected by the gains ...

  2. 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freund, Robert Michael

    Introduces students to the basic tools in using data to make informed management decisions. Covers introductory probability, decision analysis, basic statistics, regression, simulation, linear and nonlinear optimization, ...

  3. Facts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    cancer through studies called clinical trials. Today's lung cancer radiation therapy treatments provide treatments or medications to help. Everyone responds differently to the stress of cancerFacts to Help Patients Make an Informed Decision TARGETING CANCER CARE © ASTRO 2012 Printed

  4. TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Transportation Systems). The RIITS dataset is collected by various organizations based in Los Angeles County1 TransDec: A Data-Driven Framework for Decision-Making in Transportation Systems Ugur Demiryurek Los Angeles, CA 90089-0781 [demiryur, banaeika, shahabi]@usc.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  5. A Text Mining Approach to Tracking Elements of Decision Making: a pilot study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Text Mining Approach to Tracking Elements of Decision Making: a pilot study C. Chibelushi, B industrial problems in system engineering projects. The aim of our research is to apply text mining and rework. Text mining is similar to data mining: while data mining seeks to discover meaningful patterns

  6. EWO Mee'ng September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    & Algorithm Thesis Prospectus Mathematical Modeling for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining Industry Brenno C. Menezes, Lincoln F. Moro Refining Op7miza7on PETROBRAS Petróleo SEWO Mee'ng ­ September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design Thesis Formulation

  7. A Community on Ecosystem Services Linking Science, Practice and Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    , and on topics related to urban ecosystem services and their valuation. This conference will once again provideACES 2014 A Community on Ecosystem Services Linking Science, Practice and Decision Making December, DC, USA 1 Welcome to ACES 2014! On behalf of A Community on Ecosystem Services (ACES) and our

  8. Scanning and Sequential Decision Making for Multi-Dimensional Data -Part II: the Noisy Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merhav, Neri

    Scanning and Sequential Decision Making for Multi-Dimensional Data - Part II: the Noisy Case Asaf the problem of sequentially scanning and filtering noisy random fields. In this case, the sequential filter this performance is to the choice of the scan. We formally define the problem of scanning and filtering, derive

  9. Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Fiscal Year 2008 Office of Strategic Research and Analysis June 17, 2008 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY08 Plans and Outcomes - Worksheet

  10. Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Fiscal Year 2011 Office of Strategic Research and Analysis February 17, 2012 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY11 Plans and Outcomes

  11. Decision-making mechanisms in the brain Gustavo Deco* and Edmund T. Rolls^

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    of perceptual and cognitive evidence for making the decision and motor choice in one unifying neural network trained monkeys compare two mechanical vibrations applied sequentially to the tip of a finger to report possible attractor states. In this way, statistical fluctuations due to finite size noise produced

  12. Decision-making in structure solution using Bayesian estimates of map quality: the PHENIX autosol wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Adams, Paul D [LBNL; Read, Randy J [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE; Mccoy, Airlie J [UNIV OF CAMBRIDGE

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten measures of experimental electron-density-map quality are examined and the skewness of electron density is found to be the best indicator of actual map quality. A Bayesian approach to estimating map quality is developed and used in the PHENIX AutoSol wizard to make decisions during automated structure solution.

  13. The Effect of Rational and Intuitive Decision-Making Strategies on the Quality of Interest Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motl, Thomas Charles

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    for a post-rational theory of career counseling. Such a theory would serve as a basis for interventions that are more robust and helpful, given the current state of the decision-making and vocational fields (Krieshok, Motl & Rutt, 2011). -9...

  14. A fuzzy analytic hierarchy process for group decision making: application for embedding information on communicating materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to use intelligent products for ensuring an information continuum all along the product lifecycle, group decision making, Intelligent product; Product Lifecycle Management; Data Dissemination I lifecycle (PLC). However, most of the time, products only provide a network pointer to a linked database (e

  15. Decision Making of Mobile Robot in the Presence of Risk on Its Surroundings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huh, Sung

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile robots are used on many areas and its demand on extreme terrain, hazardous area, or life-threatening place is increasing to reduce the loss of life. A good decision making capability is essential for successful navigation of autonomous robot...

  16. Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaweera, Sudharman K.

    1 Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid Architecture Ding of the individual smart-homes to actually achieve the optimal solution derived by the controller under realistic for all smart-homes in the auctioning game, collusive equilibria do exist and can jeopardize

  17. Making Context Aware Decision from Uncertain Information in a Smart Home: a Markov Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Making Context Aware Decision from Uncertain Information in a Smart Home: a Markov Logic Network. The approach has been experiemented in a real smart home with naive and users with special needs. Keywords 1 Introduction As the development of Smart Homes (SH) has gained a growing interest among many

  18. Environmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    = Energy W = Waste P = Pollution = Transport Recycle 9 #12;The Pavement Life Cycle Materials EndEnvironmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of Current Knowledge · Measures inputs and outputs of a product or system ­ Example inputs: energy, water, materials ­ Example

  19. Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Mark Crowley and David Poole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Simulators Mark Crowley policies for sustainable harvest planning of a forest. Introduction In many environmental and natural and David Poole University of British Columbia crowley@cs.ubc.ca poole@cs.ubc.ca Abstract In environmental

  20. Dynamic Waste Management (DWM): Towards an evolutionary decision-making approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the available materials. Consequently, the choice for a waste management process is often based on fixed1 Dynamic Waste Management (DWM): Towards an evolutionary decision-making approach Gabriel Rojo to the social, economical and environmental impacts associated with waste management, it is necessary to move

  1. The use of low-level liquid scintillation spectrometry for rapid measurement and decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenhofer, F. [Federal Inst. for Food Control and Research (Austria)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid scintillation spectrometry (LSC) has proved over the last fifteen years to be an excellent tool for low-level counting of beta- and alpha-particle emitters. Using low-level instruments the determination of, for instance {sup 90}Sr, could be considerably simplified in the laboratory, saving time and also money for chemicals and manpower. Furthermore, low-level instruments have been successfully used for measurements when fast analysis was required. The four instruments (Quantulus, Wallac Oy), that the author uses, have not only very low background, which cuts measurement time considerably; but from the pulse- height spectra much information about the nature of the radionuclides present and the absence of specific radionuclides can be extracted. From the absence of high-energy beta-particle activity in the pulse-height spectra of precipitation in the first days after the Chernobyl accident the author could draw the conclusion, that practically no {sup 90}Y was present and therefore only small amounts of {sup 90}Sr, if any, could be expected in precipitation and later in food. This enabled them to make the decision not to waste time with a large number of {sup 90}Sr analyses. Large numbers of drinking water samples could be screened for contamination much more sensitively and faster than by gamma-ray spectrometry. More examples will be presented of cases where rapid information was needed; how contamination and nuclear installations can be easily checked and how LSC helped to cut down the time required, the manpower and the costs for radon measurements and environmental surveillance.

  2. Energy Signal Tool for Decision Support in Building Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henze, G. P.; Pavlak, G. S.; Florita, A. R.; Dodier, R. H.; Hirsch, A. I.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype energy signal tool is demonstrated for operational whole-building and system-level energy use evaluation. The purpose of the tool is to give a summary of building energy use which allows a building operator to quickly distinguish normal and abnormal energy use. Toward that end, energy use status is displayed as a traffic light, which is a visual metaphor for energy use that is either substantially different from expected (red and yellow lights) or approximately the same as expected (green light). Which light to display for a given energy end use is determined by comparing expected to actual energy use. As expected, energy use is necessarily uncertain; we cannot choose the appropriate light with certainty. Instead, the energy signal tool chooses the light by minimizing the expected cost of displaying the wrong light. The expected energy use is represented by a probability distribution. Energy use is modeled by a low-order lumped parameter model. Uncertainty in energy use is quantified by a Monte Carlo exploration of the influence of model parameters on energy use. Distributions over model parameters are updated over time via Bayes' theorem. The simulation study was devised to assess whole-building energy signal accuracy in the presence of uncertainty and faults at the submetered level, which may lead to tradeoffs at the whole-building level that are not detectable without submetering.

  3. ENERGY-10: The making of a design tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Prowler, D.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The ENERGY-10 computer program, released in June 1996, is a design tool, distinct from other energy-evaluation programs. Energy performance simulation, based on an hourly time step through a year of typical data, is an essential part of the process, however, ENERGY-10 goes far beyond this to facilitate the integration of energy efficiency into the design process of a building, ENERGY-10 incorporates time-saving features, AutoBuild, APPLY, RANK, and KEEP, and produces a rich graphical output. The program was described in a paper, The ENERGY-10 Design Tool Computer Program, presented at the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) conference, Solar 95, in Minneapolis, MN, and in a Solar Today article, ENERGY-10, Saving Energy by Design, by Rick Clyne (May/June 1996, pp 24-27). This paper describes the origins of ENERGY-10. It evaluates how well the approach has succeeded and describes proposed remedies to shortcomings. The purpose is fourfold--to expand on the rationale for the design of the program, to describe enhancements that are planned for future releases of the program, to evaluate user feedback, and to discuss ENERGY-10 as a tool for getting new strategies into the marketplace.

  4. Application of real-time monitoring in decision making: The new Bedford Harbor pilot dredging project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.G.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A decision-making framework was established for assessing the impacts of a pilot dredging study at the New Bedford Harbor, MA, Superfund site. Concern over possible environmental impacts due to dredging at the site necessitated that a monitoring program be implemented to ensure that unacceptable water quality impacts did not occur during the project. A committee of environmental managers from Federal and state government was established with the authority to assess and modify the operation on a daily basis. Finally, a 'real-time' monitoring plan was implemented in which water samples were collected, analyzed within 16 hours, and the data supplied to the management committee in order to assess the environmental impact of the previous days' operation. The combined use of site-specific criteria and a real-time' decision making management process allowed for successful completion of the project with a minimal effect on water quality.

  5. Knowledge-to-Action Guides: Preparing Families to Be Partners in Making Educational Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turnbull, Ann P.; Zuna, Nina; Hong, Joo Young; Hu, Xiaoyi; Kyzar, Kathleen; Obremski, Shea; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Stowe, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parents become experts in special education, and help make good decisions about their children's education programs? Knowledge to action (KTA) guides are one resource, providing families access to top tier knowledge on evidence- based practice... Coordination Providing Emotional Snppoil to Families Through Parent to Parent Programs Video in English and Spajiish Parent quotes/action steps from Community of Practice 4 family stories 4 stale education department family- friendly guides 3 family stories...

  6. Designating marine protected areas in the United States and Ecuador: understanding the decision-making process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendrick, Amrit Work

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the public policy literature. Stages of the policy process, complexity of the marine policy setting, mechanisms of agenda- building and decision-making theory provided insight into the delays encountered. Salient aspects lead to the following conclusions...: 1) early proposals failed to reflect a sufficient understanding of the governance system and agenda-building process, 2) issue expansion and alternative specification were pivotal in the progress of the proposal towards the agenda...

  7. Perception of genetic risk in sexual and reproductive decision-making (PGRID) by college students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honore?, Heather Helaine

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    perception of his/her genetic risk and other psychosocial variables. There is a paucity of empirical studies within the literature exploring this specific relationship. This partially mixed, sequential mixed methods study addresses how individual... and multiple regression. Approximately 50 demographic, individual/familial psychosocial and genetic testing-related factors influenced the relationship between PGR and sexual/reproductive decision-making in reviewed studies. Individual psychosocial...

  8. ESTABoues, a decision tool to assess greenhouse gases of sewage sludge treatment and di

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORBIT2012 G ESTABoues, a decision tool to assess greenhouse gases of sewage sludge treatment and di-laure.reverdy@irstea.fr EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Sewage sludge production increases continuously reaching almost 20% (946 700 t 1 118 795% was incinerated (with or without household wastes) or landfilled. Nowadays, sludge reduction is a major concern

  9. Decision-support tool for assessing future nuclear reactor generation portfolios.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oosterlee, Cornelis W. "Kees"

    Decision-support tool for assessing future nuclear reactor generation portfolios. Shashi Jain, where especially capital costs are known to be highly uncertain. Differ- ent nuclear reactor types uncertainties in the cost elements of a nuclear power plant, to provide an optimal portfolio of nuclear reactors

  10. Advanced Maintenance Modelling StatAvaries : An original multinet decision support tool for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the use of the preventive maintenance strategies on the availability of the network whereas the last model and preventive maintenance actions to delays before broken rails detection and related number of missed trains (aAdvanced Maintenance Modelling 1 StatAvaries : An original multinet decision support tool

  11. A Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (CED), life cycle based, for industrial waste management decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puig, Rita, E-mail: rita.puig@eei.upc.edu [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Fullana-i-Palmer, Pere [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain); Baquero, Grau; Riba, Jordi-Roger [Escola d’Enginyeria d’Igualada (EEI), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaça del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Bala, Alba [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comerç Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • We developed a methodology useful to environmentally compare industrial waste management options. • The methodology uses a Net Energy Demand indicator which is life cycle based. • The method was simplified to be widely used, thus avoiding cost driven decisions. • This methodology is useful for governments to promote the best environmental options. • This methodology can be widely used by other countries or regions around the world. - Abstract: Life cycle thinking is a good approach to be used for environmental decision-support, although the complexity of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies sometimes prevents their wide use. The purpose of this paper is to show how LCA methodology can be simplified to be more useful for certain applications. In order to improve waste management in Catalonia (Spain), a Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (LCA-based) has been used to obtain four mathematical models to help the government in the decision of preventing or allowing a specific waste from going out of the borders. The conceptual equations and all the subsequent developments and assumptions made to obtain the simplified models are presented. One of the four models is discussed in detail, presenting the final simplified equation to be subsequently used by the government in decision making. The resulting model has been found to be scientifically robust, simple to implement and, above all, fulfilling its purpose: the limitation of waste transport out of Catalonia unless the waste recovery operations are significantly better and justify this transport.

  12. Community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adomokai, Rosemary; Sheate, William R

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The participation of communities in the process of environmental decision-making in Nigeria and the Niger Delta region in particular is a relatively new process. There are many practical problems ranging from financial support, methods used and the willingness of identified stakeholders to participate. This paper seeks to highlight recent developments in community participation and environmental decision-making in the Niger Delta, using the EIA Decree of 1992 as a reference point. The EIA Decree of 1992 is the only legislation that refers to participation of the communities when environmental decisions are being made. The study reported here aimed to examine differences and similarities between the identified stakeholders interviewed in the research, in order to highlight areas of improvement that will encourage positive changes to the process and foster better relations between the stakeholders. The paper provides a brief background to community participation in the Niger Delta region and reports on the research approach adopted. Interviews with stakeholders in the EIA process were undertaken to provide a better understanding of public participation in practice under the EIA Decree. While participation was found to be now firmly on the agenda, there is still much to do to engender greater awareness of EIA and the potential benefits participation can hold.

  13. Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenhart, S

    2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

  14. SMAC Advisor: A Decision-Support Tool on Coexistence of Genetically-Modified and Conventional Maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    is the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops. On one hand, GM crops have genetical charateristics. On the other hand, the use of GM crops raises many concerns about their potential ecological and economic impacts. Decision-making about GM crops turns out to be extremely difficult as it involves many factors

  15. Managing the global commons decision making and conflict resolution in response to climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Naegeli, W.; Lund, P. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A workshop was convened to develop a better understanding of decision-making matters concerning management of the global commons and to resolve conflicts in response to climate change. This workshop report does not provide a narrative of the proceedings. The workshop program is included, as are the abstracts of the papers that were presented. Only the introductory paper on social science research by William Riebsame and the closing summary by Richard Rockwell are reprinted here. This brief report focuses instead on the deliberations of the working groups that developed during the workshop. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  16. A case study of an expert mathematics teacher's interactive decision-making system using physiological and behavioral time series data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Deborah Larkey

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this exploratory case study was to describe an expert teacher?s decision-making system during interactive instruction using teacher self-report information, classroom observation data, and physiological recordings. Timed recordings...

  17. Measuring the Efficacy of Leaders to Assess Information and Make Decisions in a Crisis: The C-LEAD Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittinsky, Todd L.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on literature and expert interviews, we developed the Crisis Leader Efficacy in Assessing and Deciding scale (C-LEAD) to capture the efficacy of leaders to assess information and make decisions in a public health and ...

  18. Cross-cultural effects of casualties on foreign policy decision making: South Korea and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Nam Tae

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well accepted that casualties incurred as a result of interstate militarized disputes have a significant influence on domestic public opinion and ultimately on foreign policy decision making (FPDM). Although scholars have studied the influence...

  19. Revisiting the age of enlightenment from a collective decision making systems perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Marko A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ideals of the eighteenth century's Age of Enlightenment are the foundation of modern democracies. The era was characterized by thinkers who promoted progressive social reforms that opposed the long-established aristocracies and monarchies of the time. Prominent examples of such reforms include the establishment of inalienable human rights, self-governing republics, and market capitalism. Twenty-first century democratic nations can benefit from revisiting the systems developed during the Enlightenment and reframing them within the techno-social context of the Information Age. This article explores the application of social algorithms that make use of Thomas Paine's (English: 1737--1809) representatives, Adam Smith's (Scottish: 1723--1790) self-interested actors, and Marquis de Condorcet's (French: 1743--1794) optimal decision making groups. It is posited that technology-enabled social algorithms can better realize the ideals articulated during the Enlightenment.

  20. Energy star product specification development framework: Using data and analysis to make program decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McWhinney, Marla; Fanara, Andrew; Clark, Robin; Hershberg, Craig; Schmeltz, Rachel; Roberson, Judy

    2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Product Development Team (PD) in the US Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR Labeling Program fuels the long-term market transformation process by delivering new specifications. PD's goal is to expand the reach and visibility of ENERGY STAR as well as the market for new energy-efficient products. Since 2000, PD has launched nine new ENERGY STAR specifications and continues to evaluate new program opportunities. To evaluate the ENERGY STAR carbon savings potential for a diverse group of products, PD prepared a framework for developing new and updating existing specifications that rationalizes new product opportunities and draws upon the expertise and resources of other stakeholders, including manufacturers, utilities, environmental groups and other government agencies. By systematically reviewing the potential of proposed product areas, PD makes informed decisions as to whether or not to proceed with developing a specification. In support of this strategy, PD ensures that new product specifications are consistent with the ENERGY STAR guidelines and that these guidelines are effectively communicated to stakeholders during the product development process. To date, the framework has been successful in providing consistent guidance on collecting the necessary information on which to base sound program decisions. Through the application of this framework, PD increasingly recognizes that each industry has unique market and product characteristics that can require reconciliation with the ENERGY STAR guidelines. The new framework allows PD to identify where reconciliation is needed to justify program decisions.

  1. Making water work: Program trains farmers on latest irrigation tools' techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 10 Story by Kathy Wythe | pg. 10 tx H2O | pg. 11 Making water work Program trains farmers on latest irrigation tools#31; techniques Photo by Danielle Supercinski, Texas Water Resources Institute tx H2O | pg. 1 tx H2O | pg.... 12 Program trains farmers on latest irrigation tools#31; techniques Making water work Every year farmers on the Texas High Plains hear how the Ogallala Aquifer under- neath their cultivated acres is slowly being depleted. They know...

  2. CLASSIFY-Profiles: Volume 2, Commercial and industrial customer needs and energy decision making. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McRae, M.; Brown, J. [eds.] [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States); Berigan, J.; Lineweber, D.; Finkbeiner, C. [National Analysts, Inc., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient promotion of utility products and services is best achieved by a commitment to customer-focused market-driven strategies. EPRI`s CLASSIFY System provides utilities with the information, methods, and tools required to develop an in-depth understanding of customer attitudes toward end-use technologies, industrial processes, and their applications. This guide presents an overview of commercial and industrial customer needs and describes nine target markets, as defined by 22 key customer needs related to business strategies,.business operations, and energy operations. Target markets include: Proactives, Innovators, Dependents, Utilitarians, Conservatives, Self-Reliants, Status Quos, Besieged, and Survivors. For these segments, end-use profiles illustrate 24 technology-related factors that influence customer purchasing decisions and usage patterns. Illustrative examples show how to use Commercial and Industrial CLASSIFY-Profiles in developing and deploying customer-driven products, programs, and services. Volume I of this report presents residential customer needs information. Volume 3 provides an assessment of trade ally needs and their influence on utility customer decisions.

  3. Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States) Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of noise'' data from TVA's Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC's database of Letter Event Reports'' for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

  4. A risk-based decision-aiding tool for waste disposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, R.F.; Reiser, A.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Elcock, C.G.; Nevins, S. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N-CART (the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program Cost Analysis and Risk Tool) is being developed to aid in low-risk, cost-effective, timely management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and can therefore be used in management of mixed waste. N-CART provides evaluation of multiple alternatives and presents the consequences of proposed waste management activities in a clear and concise format. N-CART`s decision-aiding analyses include comparisons and sensitivity analyses of multiple alternatives and allows the user to perform quick turn-around {open_quotes}what if{close_quotes} studies to investigate various scenarios. Uncertainties in data (such as cost and schedule of various activities) are represented as distributions. N-CART centralizes documentation of the bases of program alternatives and program decisions, thereby supporting responses to stakeholders concerns. The initial N-CART design considers regulatory requirements, costs, and schedules for alternative courses of action. The final design will include risks (public health, occupational, economic, scheduling), economic benefits, and the impacts of secondary waste generation. An optimization tool is being incorporated that allows the user to specify the relative importance of cost, time risks, and other bases for decisions. The N-CART prototype can be used to compare the costs and schedules of disposal alternatives for mixed low-level radioactive waste (MLLW) and greater-than-Class-C (GTCC) waste, as well as spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and related scrap material.

  5. Adapting Decisions, Optimizing Facts and Predicting Figures: Can Convergence of Concepts, Tools, Technologies and Standards Catalyze Innovation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datta, Shoumen

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Managing uncertainty is key in decision systems, such as supply chain management or military readiness. We propose a reasonable confluence of existing concepts, tools, technologies and standards that may, collectively, ...

  6. Disciplined intuition: subjective aspects of judgment and decision making in Child Protective Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Robert S.

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    in Melissa?s Narrative ...................................................... 113 x LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Decision Points...

  7. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Conservation decision making can involve irre-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    , since extinction is irreversible. Accordingly, the decision to list or delist a taxon is of critical

  8. The roles of selected extracommunity organizations in the decision-making process: a comparison of three communities concerning dam construction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Sue

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE ROLES OF SELECTED EXTRACOMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS: A COMPARISON OF THREE COMMUNITIES CONCERNING DAM CONSTRUCTION A Thesis SUE ELLEN RICHARDSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in Partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Sociology THE ROLES OF SELECTED EXTRACOMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE DECISION-t1AKING PROCESS A COMPARISON OF THREE COMMUNITIES CONCERNING DAM COI...

  9. The Lisbon new international airport: The story of a decision-making process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Partidario, Maria R., E-mail: mrp@civil.ist.utl.p [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Engenharia Civil e Arquitectura, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 LISBOA (Portugal); Coutinho, Miguel, E-mail: miguel.coutinho@ua.p [IDAD-Instituto do Ambiente e Desenvolvimento, Campus Universitario, 3810-193 AVEIRO (Portugal)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the brief story of a decision process and the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment in government political decision-making. Following a prolonged, and agitated, decision process, initiated in the 1960s, the Government of Portugal in 2005 took the final decision to build the new international airport of Lisbon at the controversial location of Ota, 40 km north of Lisbon. The detailed project design and EIA were started. However this decision would change in 2007 due to the challenge raised by a private sponsored study that identified an alternative location for the airport at Campo de Tiro de Alcochete (CTA). This new site, which had never been considered as an option before, appeared to avoid many of the problems that caused public controversy at the Ota site. The Government, pressured by this challenge, promoted a strategic comparative assessment between the two sites. The result of this study was the choice of CTA as the preferred location. This paper discusses this radical change in the decision from a socio-political perspective. It will highlight the relevance of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), and the strategic and constructive approach it enables in mega-project decision-making.

  10. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 3, Analysis for final programmatic recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Boak, D.M.; Weiner, R.F. [and others] [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the US DOE Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO). This tool provides an analytical basis for programmatic decision making for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). SPM integrates decision-analysis techniques, performance,a nd risk-assessment tools, and advanced information technology. Potential outcomes of proposed activities and combination of activities are used to calculate a probability of demonstrating compliance (PDC) with selected regulations. The results are presented in a decision matrix showing cost, duration, and maximum PDC for all activities in a given cost and duration category. This is the third and final volume in the series which presents the analysis for final programmatic recommendations.

  11. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jørgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  12. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine) [University of Udine

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  13. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jørgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  14. Combining lifecycle and risk assessments of mineral waste reuse scenarios for decision making support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benetto, Enrico [ECOINNOVA France, 47 rue M. Flandin, 69003 Lyon Cedex 3 (France)]. E-mail: benetto@ecoinnova.it; Tiruta-Barna, Ligia [INSA Lyon-LAEPSI, 20 rue A.Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne cedex, since November 2005: INSA Toulouse-LIPE, 135 av. de Rangueil, 31077 Toulouse cedex France (France)]. E-mail: ligia.barna@insa-toulouse.fr; Perrodin, Yves [ENTPE-LSE, rue M.Audin, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin cedex (France)]. E-mail: perrodin@entpe.fr

    2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lack of regulations and standards on mineral waste recycling makes Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) useful methods for environmental assessment of recycling scenarios. An unsolved problem arises whenever two scenarios of recycling have to be compared according to both ERA and LCA impact results considered simultaneously. A methodology to combine LCA and ERA results and tools toward Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) is proposed together with three application examples based on case studies. The most effective combination approach is to define further impact categories for ERA to be considered with the standard LCA ones. Then, the use of a multicriteria analysis method was proved to be an efficient way to rank alternative scenarios with respect to all the results. The key issues to be further researched are discussed and proposals are suggested.

  15. Evaluating the impact of government energy R&D investments through a multi-attribute utility-based decision tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerst, Kacy J. (Kacy Jean)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, ...

  16. Facility Targeting, Protection and Mission Decision Making Using the VISAC Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Robert Howard [ORNL; Sulfredge, Charles David [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Visual Interactive Site Analysis Code (VISAC) is a Java-based graphical expert system developed by ORNL for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and other sponsors to aid in targeting facilities and to predict the associated collateral effects for the go, no go mission decision making process. VISAC integrates the three concepts of target geometric modeling, damage assessment capabilities, and an event/fault tree methodology for evaluating accident/incident consequences. It can analyze a variety of accidents/incidents at nuclear or industrial facilities, ranging from simple component sabotage to an attack with military or terroist weapons. For nuclear facilities, VISAC predicts the facility damage, estimated downtime, amount and timing of any radionuclides released. used in conunction with DTRA's HPAC code, VISAC also can analyze transport and dispersion of the radionuclides, levels of contamination of the surrounding area, and the population at risk. VISAC has also been used by the NRC to aid in the development of protective measures for nuclear facilities that may be subjected to attacks by car/truck bombs.

  17. Argument structure hierarchy system and method for facilitating analysis and decision-making processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Janssen, Terry (9840 Faust Dr., Vienna, VA 22182)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for facilitating decision-making comprising a computer program causing linkage of data representing a plurality of argument structure units into a hierarchical argument structure. Each argument structure unit comprises data corresponding to a hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to grounds that provide a basis for inference of the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to a warrant linking the grounds to the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, and data corresponding to backing that certifies the warrant. The hierarchical argument structure comprises a top level argument structure unit and a plurality of subordinate level argument structure units. Each of the plurality of subordinate argument structure units comprises at least a portion of the grounds of the argument structure unit to which it is subordinate. Program code located on each of a plurality of remote computers accepts input from one of a plurality of contributors. Each input comprises data corresponding to an argument structure unit in the hierarchical argument structure and supports the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis. A second programming code is adapted to combine the inputs into a single hierarchical argument structure. A third computer program code is responsive to the second computer program code and is adapted to represent a degree of support for the hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis in the single hierarchical argument structure.

  18. Cash crops, smallholder decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing-frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    -frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Author(s): Eric Keys and Rinku Roy Chowdhury Source: Journal of Latin American decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Eric Keys and policy factors in the municipality of Calakmul in Campeche, Mexico. Jalapeno chili is the foremost market

  19. Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gougoulidis, Georgios

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

  20. Abstract--Network security against possible attacks involves making decisions under uncertainty. Not only may one be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], security in wireless networks [12], [13] and cyber-security [14], [15], [16]. In [17] the readers can find1 Abstract--Network security against possible attacks involves making decisions under uncertainty for a further DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) botnet attack on servers). Due to limited defense

  1. Assessment and enhancement of decision-making models used for the pre-development stages of office developments in turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Civan, Isilay

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    characteristics of the real estate and the inefficiency of the market it operates in, any aid in the investment decision process is believed to add to the quality of the end product. This being the case, most, if not all, of the development companies make office...

  2. Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power system operation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power industry, accurate forecasting of future electricity demand has become an important research area for secure operation, management of modern power systems and electricity production in the power generation

  3. Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both at the individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both or entire industries such as manufacturing. Economics graduates are in high demand by many different on the Economics Department web site under the alumni section. A national survey for the Class of 2012 shows

  4. Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability Distribution of the Random Variables is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaidis, Efstratios

    the upper and lower bounds of the reliability of a system involving such variables. A method for modeling, is formulated and solved in order to estimate the minimum and maximum values of a system's reliability1 Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability

  5. A GIS based Decision Support Tool for the Management of Industrial Risk S.A Karkanis and G.S.Bonanos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athens, University of

    A GIS based Decision Support Tool for the Management of Industrial Risk S.A Karkanis and G", P.O. Box 60228, Aghia Paraskevi, 15310, Greece Abstract A decision support tool for the management that are based on geographical considerations of the extent of risk. A tool has been developed on a GIS

  6. Decision-making in structure solution using Bayesian estimates of map quality: the PHENIX AutoSol wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Read, Randy J.; McCoy, Airlie J. [Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Moriarty, Nigel W.; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Zwart, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Building 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten measures of experimental electron-density-map quality are examined and the skewness of electron density is found to be the best indicator of actual map quality. A Bayesian approach to estimating map quality is developed and used in the PHENIX AutoSol wizard to make decisions during automated structure solution. Estimates of the quality of experimental maps are important in many stages of structure determination of macromolecules. Map quality is defined here as the correlation between a map and the corresponding map obtained using phases from the final refined model. Here, ten different measures of experimental map quality were examined using a set of 1359 maps calculated by re-analysis of 246 solved MAD, SAD and MIR data sets. A simple Bayesian approach to estimation of map quality from one or more measures is presented. It was found that a Bayesian estimator based on the skewness of the density values in an electron-density map is the most accurate of the ten individual Bayesian estimators of map quality examined, with a correlation between estimated and actual map quality of 0.90. A combination of the skewness of electron density with the local correlation of r.m.s. density gives a further improvement in estimating map quality, with an overall correlation coefficient of 0.92. The PHENIX AutoSol wizard carries out automated structure solution based on any combination of SAD, MAD, SIR or MIR data sets. The wizard is based on tools from the PHENIX package and uses the Bayesian estimates of map quality described here to choose the highest quality solutions after experimental phasing.

  7. Information technology and decision support tools for stakeholder-driven river basin salinity management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T; Cozad, D.B.; Lee, G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Innovative strategies for effective basin-scale salinity management have been developed in the Hunter River Basin of Australia and more recently in the San Joaquin River Basin of California. In both instances web-based stakeholder information dissemination has been a key to achieving a high level of stakeholder involvement and the formulation of effective decision support salinity management tools. A common element to implementation of salinity management strategies in both river basins has been the concept of river assimilative capacity for controlling export salt loading and the potential for trading of the right to discharge salt load to the river - the Hunter River in Australia and the San Joaquin River in California. Both rivers provide basin drainage and the means of exporting salt to the ocean. The paper compares and contrasts the use of monitoring, modeling and information dissemination in the two basins to achieve environmental compliance and sustain irrigated agriculture in an equitable and socially and politically acceptable manner.

  8. THE ROLE OF LAND USE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING AT THREE DOE MEGA-CLEANUP SITES FERNALD & ROCKY FLATS & MOUND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JEWETT MA

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the role that future land use decisions have played in the establishment of cost-effective cleanup objectives and the setting of environmental media cleanup levels for the three major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites for which cleanup has now been successfully completed: the Rocky Flats, Mound, and Fernald Closure Sites. At each site, there are distinct consensus-building histories throughout the following four phases: (1) the facility shut-down and site investigation phase, which took place at the completion of their Cold War nuclear-material production missions; (2) the decision-making phase, whereby stakeholder and regulatory-agency consensus was achieved for the future land-use-based environmental decisions confronting the sites; (3) the remedy selection phase, whereby appropriate remedial actions were identified to achieve the future land-use-based decisions; and (4) the implementation phase, whereby the selected remedial actions for these high-profile sites were implemented and successfully closed out. At each of the three projects, there were strained relationships and distrust between the local community and the DOE as a result of site contamination and potential health effects to the workers and local residents. To engage citizens and interested stakeholder groups - particularly in the role of final land use in the decision-making process, the site management teams at each respective site developed new public-participation strategies to open stakeholder communication channels with site leadership, technical staff, and the regulatory agencies. This action proved invaluable to the success of the projects and reaching consensus on appropriate levels of cleanup. With the implementation of the cleanup remedies now complete, each of the three DOE sites have become models for future environmental-remediation projects and associated decision making.

  9. Cross-cultural comparison of concrete recycling decision-making and implementation in construction industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tam, Vivian W.Y., E-mail: vivianwytam@gmail.co [School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797 (Australia); Tam, Leona [College of Business and Public Administration, 2151 Constant Hall, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529 (United States); Le, Khoa N. [School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW 1797 (Australia)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Waste management is pressing very hard with alarming signals in construction industry. Concrete waste constituents major proportions of construction and demolition waste of 81% in Australia. To minimize concrete waste generated from construction activities, recycling concrete waste is one of the best methods to conserve the environment. This paper investigates concrete recycling implementation in construction. Japan is a leading country in recycling concrete waste, which has been implementing 98% recycling and using it for structural concrete applications. Hong Kong is developing concrete recycling programs for high-grade applications. Australia is making relatively slow progress in implementing concrete recycling in construction. Therefore, empirical studies in Australia, Hong Kong, and Japan were selected in this paper. A questionnaire survey and structured interviews were conducted. Power spectrum was used for analysis. It was found that 'increasing overall business competitiveness and strategic business opportunities' was considered as the major benefit for concrete recycling from Hong Kong and Japanese respondents, while 'rising concrete recycling awareness such as selecting suitable resources, techniques and training and compliance with regulations' was considered as the major benefit from Australian respondents. However, 'lack of clients' support', 'increase in management cost' and 'increase in documentation workload, such as working documents, procedures and tools' were the major difficulties encountered from Australian, Hong Kong, and Japanese respondents, respectively. To improve the existing implementation, 'inclusion of concrete recycling evaluation in tender appraisal' and 'defining clear legal evaluation of concrete recycling' were major recommendations for Australian and Hong Kong, and Japanese respondents, respectively.

  10. Depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) management system--a decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gasper, J.R.; Sutter, R.J.; Avci, H.I. [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) Management System (DMS) is being developed as a decision tool to provide cost and risk data for evaluation of short-and long-term management strategies for depleted uranium. It can be used to assist decision makers on a programmatic or site-specific level. Currently, the DMS allows evaluation of near-term cylinder management strategies such as storage yard improvements, cylinder restocking, and reconditioning. The DMS has been designed to provide the user with maximum flexibility for modifying data and impact factors (e.g., unit costs and risk factors). Sensitivity analysis can be performed on all key parameters such as cylinder corrosion rate, inspection frequency, and impact factors. Analysis may be conducted on a system-wide, site, or yard basis. The costs and risks from different scenarios may be compared in graphic or tabular format. Ongoing development of the DMS will allow similar evaluation of long-term management strategies such as conversion to other chemical forms. The DMS is a Microsoft Windows 3.1 based, stand-alone computer application. It can be operated on a 486 or faster computer with VGA, 4 MB of RAM, and 10 MB of disk space.

  11. Does Distributed Leadership Influence the Decision Making of Teachers in the Classroom: Examining Content and Pedagogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clutter-Shields, Jaimi Leighann

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed leadership is currently a frequently researched area of study. However, few studies examine the influence of distributed leadership on teachers' decisions in the classroom. The true essence of distributed ...

  12. Does It Make Sense To Modify Tropical Cyclones? A Decision-Analytic Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klima, Kelly

    Recent dramatic increases in damages caused by tropical cyclones (TCs) and improved understanding of TC physics have led DHS to fund research on intentional hurricane modification. We present a decision analytic assessment ...

  13. Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...

  14. Social Influence and Household Decision-Making: A Behavioural Analysis of Housing Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Michelle

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Housing markets are subject to many interrelated sources of instability on both a microeconomic and macroeconomic scale. Housing decisions of different individuals will be interdependent, generating non-linearities, discontinuities and feedback...

  15. Value of more sophistication : capital investment decision-making with competitive dynamics in the mining industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanjian Carla

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many mining markets, one of the central business planning decisions faced by firms is where, when, and by how much to expand their production capacity. Appropriate investment planning methodology is important to both ...

  16. GEODEC: ENABLING GEOSPATIAL DECISION MAKING Cyrus Shahabi, Yao-Yi Chiang, Kelvin Chung, Kai-Chen Huang, Jeff Khoshgozaran-Haghighi, Craig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    GEODEC: ENABLING GEOSPATIAL DECISION MAKING Cyrus Shahabi, Yao-Yi Chiang, Kelvin Chung, Kai of geospatial data has motivated the effort to seamlessly integrate this information into an information and accuracy pose a challenge to such efforts. We describe the Geospatial Decision Making (GeoDec) system

  17. Intersecting Philosophies: A Qualitative Study of Student Conduct Administrators and Their Decision Making Utilizing the Concepts of Justice and Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waller, Jennifer

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , and federal laws and their impact on the institution. Student conduct administrators (SCA) are charged by colleges and universities to make decisions about whether students have violated university rules and policies, which are sometimes simultaneously... range in position level from a Dean of Students to an entry-level SCA. The report is read and evaluated to determine whether there may have been a violation of the student code of conduct. Based on the conduct process at the institution, the SCA may...

  18. Power and negotiation between different cultures presenting a decision-making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granot, Omer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first step in negotiation is the information gathering and investigation, very often the investigation stage is not done properly, the negotiator has to decide about the goals, which information he can share, need to ...

  19. Using Tools to Support Decision-Making for Multiple Benefits in Transportation and Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howie, Shara; Majerus, Kimberly; Schaftlein, Shari

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and environmental and conservation practitioners to moveidentified environmental and conservation priorities andweb-based conservation services such as environmental review

  20. Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the renovation and the modernization of social dwelling. It is classified as a project of low energy buildings. The partners whose are doing this project are pioneers in term of social dwelling renovation: Logirep, BASF, and CSTB. The objective... Environment?2 certification delivered by Cerqual3. BASF, number one of the chemical industry in the world has participated in collaboration with Buildings Company in the realization of low energy buildings called ?3L Housing?. Those building?s consumption...

  1. Computer-Aided Dispatch System as a Decision Making Tool in Public and Private Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, I-Jen

    We describe in detail seven distinct areas in both public and private sectors in which a real-time computer-aided dispatch system is applicable to the allocation of scarce resources. Characteristics of a real-time ...

  2. Existing air sparging model and literature review for the development of an air sparging optimization decision tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this Report are two-fold: (1) to provide overviews of the state-of-the-art and state-of-the-practice with respect to air sparging technology, air sparging models and related or augmentation technologies (e.g., soil vapor extraction); and (2) to provide the basis for the development of the conceptual Decision Tool. The Project Team conducted an exhaustive review of available literature. The complete listing of the documents, numbering several hundred and reviewed as a part of this task, is included in Appendix A. Even with the large amount of material written regarding the development and application of air sparging, there still are significant gaps in the technical community`s understanding of the remediation technology. The results of the literature review are provided in Section 2. In Section 3, an overview of seventeen conceptual, theoretical, mathematical and empirical models is presented. Detailed descriptions of each of the models reviewed is provided in Appendix B. Included in Appendix D is a copy of the questionnaire used to compile information about the models. The remaining sections of the document reflect the analysis and synthesis of the information gleaned during the literature and model reviews. The results of these efforts provide the basis for development of the decision tree and conceptual decision tool for determining applicability and optimization of air sparging. The preliminary decision tree and accompanying information provided in Section 6 describe a three-tiered approach for determining air sparging applicability: comparison with established scenarios; calculation of conceptual design parameters; and the conducting of pilot-scale studies to confirm applicability. The final two sections of this document provide listings of the key success factors which will be used for evaluating the utility of the Decision Tool and descriptions of potential applications for Decision Tool use.

  3. Understanding the Interaction between Public Policy, Managerial Decision-Making and the Engineering of Critical Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    also be traced back to longer term problems in regulating competitive and reliable energy markets in which their systems will be used. We also aim to show politicians and regulators the consequence Europe and can be attributed to public policy decisions, in particular, the 1993 European Union

  4. Seminar on Uncertainty & Decision Making Ghent University and Belgian Nuclear Research Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    Matemáticas, UCM "Soft Computing and Nuclear Reactor Control" ABSTRACT: The need for on-line reactor operator) for controlling the power level of a nuclear reactor, the study was intended to assess the applicability of fuzzy- thods, uncertainty analysis, decision support systems to information management, safety and security

  5. Decision Making under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Towards an Operational Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan raliev@asoa.edu.az, oleg huseynov@yahoo.com 2 Azerbaijan Association assumption that for each two alterna- tives, a user can always meaningfully decide which of them. Traditional decision theory is based on a simplifying assumption that for each two alternatives, a user can

  6. EERE 'Buildings Prioritization Tool' Helps Shape EERE Projects...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The EERE "Buildings Prioritization Tool" has supported evidence-based decision making, led to smarter investment in energy efficiency, and helped set national goals for efficiency....

  7. CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Research and Applications On Validating Engineering Design Decision Support Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Kemper E.

    CONCURRENT ENGINEERING: Research and Applications On Validating Engineering Design Decision Support the concurrent engineering research community. Key Words: Decision Based Design (DBD), House of Quality, Suh specifically for concurrent engineering applications. This list is by no means exhaustive, as other decision

  8. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 2, Summary of technical input and model implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Trauth, K.; Boak, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beyeler, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hora, S. [Hawaii Univ., Hilo, HI (United States); Rudeen, D. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) is a decision-aiding tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). SPM provides an analytical basis for supporting programmatic decisions for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to meet selected portions of the applicable US EPA long-term performance regulations. The first iteration of SPM (SPM-1), the prototype for SPM< was completed in 1994. It served as a benchmark and a test bed for developing the tools needed for the second iteration of SPM (SPM-2). SPM-2, completed in 1995, is intended for programmatic decision making. This is Volume II of the three-volume final report of the second iteration of the SPM. It describes the technical input and model implementation for SPM-2, and presents the SPM-2 technical baseline and the activities, activity outcomes, outcome probabilities, and the input parameters for SPM-2 analysis.

  9. Utility of Choice: An Information Theoretic Approach to Investment Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Khoshnevisan; Sukanto Bhattacharya; Florentin Smarandache

    2002-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we have devised an alternative methodological approach for quantifying utility in terms of expected information content of the decision-maker's choice set. We have proposed an extension to the concept of utility by incorporating extrinsic utility; which we have defined as the utility derived from the element of choice afforded to the decision-maker by the availability of an object within his or her object set. We have subsequently applied this extended utility concept to the case of investor utility derived from a structured, financial product - an custom-made investment portfolio incorporating an endogenous capital-guarantee through inclusion of cash as a risk-free asset, based on the Black-Scholes derivative-pricing formulation.

  10. Delegation in Tourism Decision Making: Toward an Understanding of the Role of Social Surrogate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Matthew John

    2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    : whether or not to go. Thus, they may leave the planning, including destination, hotel, and dining choices, to someone else. Some may simply acquiesce with travel choices made by others, while many may simply enjoy the experience or the company... individually (Decrop, 2006; Gitelson & Kerstetter, 1995). In fact, many travel decisions may have been made by others. Thus, to determine why individuals visited a destination or a restaurant may have little to do with their own travel or dining preferences...

  11. The effects of stress on nuclear power plant operational decision making and training approaches to reduce stress effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumaw, R.J.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operational personnel may be exposed to significant levels of stress during unexpected changes in plant state an plant emergencies. The decision making that identifies operational actions, which is strongly determined by procedures, may be affected by stress, and performance may be impaired. ER report analyzes potential effects of stress in nuclear power plant (NPP) settings, especially in the context of severe accident management (SAM). First, potential sources of stress in the NPP setting are identified. This analysis is followed by a review of the ways in which stress is likely to affect performance, with an emphasis on performance of cognitive skills that are linked to operational decision making. Finally, potential training approaches for reducing or eliminating stress effects are identified. Several training approaches have the potential to eliminate or mitigate stress effects on cognitive skill performance. First, the use of simulated events for training can reduce the novelty and uncertainty that can lead to stress and performance impairments. Second, training to make cognitive processing more efficient and less reliant on attention and memory resources can offset the reductions in these resources that occur under stressful conditions. Third, training that targets crew communications skills can reduce the likelihood that communications will fail under stress.

  12. Airport pavement management systems (APMS) are computer-based decision support systems that assist airport agencies in making decisions on pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) activities to preserve the various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    Airport pavement management systems (APMS) are computer-based decision support systems that assist airport agencies in making decisions on pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) activities to preserve the various pavement structures such as runways and taxiways in an effective and efficient manner

  13. SURVEY OF LITERATURE ON STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING IN THE PRESENCE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    . One goal of the Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE) is to develop tools. Such a problem arises in the context of terrorism threats. Probabilistic risk analysis is an insightful approach by the United States Department of Homeland Security through the Center for Risk and Economic Analysis

  14. Adaptive Management for Decision Making at the Program and Project Levels of the Missouri River Recovery Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thom, Ronald M.; Anderson, Michael G.; Tyre, Drew; Fleming, Craig A.

    2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper, “Adaptive Management: Background for Stakeholders in the Missouri River Recovery Program,” introduced the concept of adaptive management (AM), its principles and how they relate to one-another, how AM is applied, and challenges for its implementation. This companion paper describes how the AM principles were applied to specific management actions within the Missouri River Recovery Program to facilitate understanding, decision-making, and stakeholder engagement. For context, we begin with a brief synopsis of the Missouri River Recovery Program (MRRP) and the strategy for implementing adaptive management (AM) within the program; we finish with an example of AM in action within Phase I of the MRPP.

  15. Modeling Low Impact Development at the Small-Watershed Scale: Implications for the Decision Making Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Mijin

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    and soluble phosphorus loadings according to the impact of the three types of land use changes (conversion to deforestation, urbanization, and agricultural land) using a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model. Bhattarai et al. (2011) investigated water... higher peak flow and nitrogen and phosphorus loads than the other two designs because of high impervious surfaces and low open space and urban forests. Yang and Li (2011) evaluated the impact of two different urban planning types (high-density and low...

  16. Characteristics of ethical leaders and the relationship of those characteristics to the ethical decision-making of successful student leaders: a communitarian perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Pricilla Karen

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~CZERISTICS OF EIHICAL LEADERS AND THE RELATIONSHIP OF THOSE CHARACTERISTICS 'IO THE ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING OF SUCCESSFUL STUDENT LEADERS: A COMMUNITARIAN PERSPECTIVE A Thesis PRICILLA KAREN MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... DECISION-MAKING OF SUCCESSFUL STUDENT LEADERS: A ~ITARIAN PERSPECTIVE A Thesis PRICILLA ~ MURPHY Approved as to style and content by: Christine D. Townsend (Chair of Committee) i ricia A. Alexander (Member) Gary E. Briers (Member) Gary E. Briers...

  17. Seeing (and Hearing) is Believing! How Screen Capture Software Makes Website Usability Data a More Effective Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Jeffrey; Goodwin, Susan

    2004-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Seeing (and Hearing) is Believing! How Screen Capture Software Makes Website Usability Data a More Effective Tool Susan Goodwin and Jeff Stark Texas A&M University Libraries ALA Poster Session, Summer 2004 Abstract Texas A&M University... Libraries has adopted screen capture software as a tool to assist with website usability studies. This poster session provides an introduction to the software package used to record the usability sessions in which volunteers were asked to complete specific...

  18. When Sugar Turns to Sh%&: Immediate Action Decision Making and Resilience in High Reliability Teams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Bradley Scott

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thank you for allowing this academic to invade your lives and get in the way. Your time and patience with me was amazing, and I hope that I have captured your work in these pages in a way that does you justice. Stay safe out there and come home... such practices are important, my interest is in how teams adapt within the moment, without withdrawing from the unfolding situation, and reestablish functionality after a critical disruption. Simply, how does the team respond in the moment to make sense...

  19. Real option analysis as a decision tool in oil field developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babajide, Abisoye (Abisoye E.)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis shows the applicability and value of real options analysis in developing an oil field, and how its use along with decision analysis can maximize the returns on a given project and minimize the losses. It focuses ...

  20. REJOI NDER: UNCERTAI NTY A ND DECISION As we (Halpern et al. 2006) and Mangel (2006) point out,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    paper assumes a risk-averse decision maker at the outset. Other methods of uncertainty analysis and attitudes to risk in order to make a final decision. But even when a decision is based upon a model a management plan needs to be and then model appropriate management solutions. Tools for making decisions under

  1. Applications of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants. Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Application of neural networks to monitoring and decision making in the operation of nuclear power plants is being investigated under a US Department of Energy sponsored program at the University of Tennessee. Projects include the feasibility of using neural networks for the following tasks: (1) diagnosing specific abnormal conditions or problems in nuclear power plants, (2) detection of the change of mode of operation of the plant, (3) validating signals coming from detectors, (4) review of ``noise`` data from TVA`s Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, and (5) examination of the NRC`s database of ``Letter Event Reports`` for correlation of sequences of events in the reported incidents. Each of these projects and its status are described briefly in this paper. This broad based program has as its objective the definition of the state-of-the-art in using neural networks to enhance the performance of commercial nuclear power plants.

  2. Computeer-based decision support tools for evaluation of actions affecting flow and water quality in the San Joaquin Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a preliminary effort to draw together some of the important simulation models that are available to Reclamation or that have been developed by Reclamation since 1987. This document has also attempted to lay out a framework by which these models might be used both for the purposes for which they were originally intended and to support the analysis of other issues that relate to the hydrology and to salt and water quality management within the San Joaquin Valley. To be successful as components of a larger Decision Support System the models should to be linked together using custom designed interfaces that permit data sharing between models and that are easy to use. Several initiatives are currently underway within Reclamation to develop GIS - based and graphics - based decision support systems to improve the general level of understanding of the models currently in use, to standardize the methodology used in making planning and operations studies and to permit improved data analysis, interpretation and display. The decision support systems should allow greater participation in the planning process, allow the analysis of innovative actions that are currently difficult to study with present models and should lead to better integrated and more comprehensive plans and policy decisions in future years.

  3. Enabling strategic fulfillment : a decision support tool for fulfillment network optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drake, Bryan (Bryan G.)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dell's Third-Party (3P) Product network uses several different order fulfillment methods, though the determination of which products are fulfilled under which method is not clearly delineated. We have developed a tool to ...

  4. Investigation of Public Discourse Methods in Energy Policy Decision-Making: A Summary of What You Told Us and What We Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Analysis Team; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendella Vogt; Patrick Wilson

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs (sometimes called /heuristics) to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

  5. Taking Risk Assessment and Management to the Next Level: Program-Level Risk Analysis to Enable Solid Decision-Making on Priorities and Funding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, J. G.; Morton, R. L.; Castillo, C.; Dyer, G.; Johnson, N.; McSwain, J. T.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-level (facility and programmatic) risk assessment was conducted for the facilities in the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Readiness in Technical Base and Facilities (RTBF) Program and results were included in a new Risk Management Plan (RMP), which was incorporated into the fiscal year (FY) 2010 Integrated Plans. Risks, risk events, probability, consequence(s), and mitigation strategies were identified and captured, for most scope areas (i.e., risk categories) during the facilitated risk workshops. Risk mitigations (i.e., efforts in addition to existing controls) were identified during the facilitated risk workshops when the risk event was identified. Risk mitigation strategies fell into two broad categories: threats or opportunities. Improvement projects were identified and linked to specific risks they mitigate, making the connection of risk reduction through investments for the annual Site Execution Plan. Due to the amount of that was collected, analysis to be performed, and reports to be generated, a Risk Assessment/ Management Tool (RAMtool) database was developed to analyze the risks in real-time, at multiple levels, which reinforced the site-level risk management process and procedures. The RAMtool database was developed and designed to assist in the capturing and analysis of the key elements of risk: probability, consequence, and impact. The RAMtool calculates the facility-level and programmatic-level risk factors to enable a side-by-side comparison to see where the facility manager and program manager should focus their risk reduction efforts and funding. This enables them to make solid decisions on priorities and funding to maximize the risk reduction. A more active risk management process was developed where risks and opportunities are actively managed, monitored, and controlled by each facility more aggressively and frequently. risk owners have the responsibility and accountability to manage their assigned risk in real-time, using the RAMtool database.

  6. Industrial Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Domestic industrial investment has declined due to unfavorable energy prices, and external markets. Investment behavior has changed over the past few years, and will continue due to high labor costs, tight markets and an unstable U.S. economy...

  7. Simulation Supported Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    611) ­ SSBN Acquisition (Booz, Allen & Hamilton - 3 yrs) ­ Presently with Navy Surface Warfare Center

  8. Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision joseph henrich and richard mcelreath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElreath, Richard

    actually results from ra- tional cost benefit analysis in which individuals make risk-averse decisions views of risk-averse decision making may not be the best theoretical tools for understanding "peasant172 Reports Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision Makers?1 joseph henrich and richard mcelreath

  9. Novel scenarios for sustainable waterway sediments management deduced from a decision-support tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    dredging releases millions of m3 of sediments, from which a large part is contaminated or even polluted with quantitative data, in order to evaluate various scenarios taking into account cost and sustainability for the GeDSeT tool. Fig.2: Selective dredging and detail characterisation. Crosses: sampling points. Boxes

  10. Risk Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01130.x Uses and Misuses of Multicriteria Decision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decision analysis (MCDA) has been recognized as an important tool in environ- mental decision makingRisk Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01130.x Uses and Misuses of Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) in Environmental Decision Making Katie Steele,1, Yohay Carmel,2 Jean

  11. When the Details Matter – Sensitivities in PRA Calculations That Could Affect Risk-Informed Decision-Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dana L. Kelly; Nathan O. Siu

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) continues its efforts to increase its use of risk information in decision making, the detailed, quantitative results of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) calculations are coming under increased scrutiny. Where once analysts and users were not overly concerned with figure of merit variations that were less than an order of magnitude, now factors of two or even less can spark heated debate regarding modeling approaches and assumptions. The philosophical and policy-related aspects of this situation are well-recognized by the PRA community. On the other hand, the technical implications for PRA methods and modeling have not been as widely discussed. This paper illustrates the potential numerical effects of choices as to the details of models and methods for parameter estimation with three examples: 1) the selection of the time period data for parameter estimation, and issues related to component boundary and failure mode definitions; 2) the selection of alternative diffuse prior distributions, including the constrained noninformative prior distribution, in Bayesian parameter estimation; and 3) the impact of uncertainty in calculations for recovery of offsite power.

  12. The Use of BIM in Construction for Decision Making: A Case of Irregular-Shaped Steel-Framed Building Construction Project in South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yum, Sang Guk

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    , solving technical problems, and searching for the value of BIM. However, the use of BIM in Korea during construction for decision-making has not been thoroughly reported in Korea yet. One may be wondering then if BIM is indeed well utilized in Korea during...

  13. Transportation Energy Futures: Key Opportunities and Tools for Decision Makers (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project examines underexplored greenhouse gas-abatement and oil-savings opportunities by consolidating transportation energy knowledge, conducting advanced analysis, and exploring additional opportunities for sound strategic action. Led by NREL, in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory, the project's primary goal is to provide analysis to accompany DOE-EERE's long-term transportation energy planning by addressing high-priority questions, informing domestic decisions about transportation energy strategies, priorities, and investments. Research and analysis were conducted with an eye toward short-term actions that support long-term energy goals The project looks beyond technology to examine each key question in the context of the marketplace, consumer behavior, industry capabilities, and infrastructure. This updated fact sheet includes a new section on initial project findings.

  14. Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'haeseleer, William D

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear fusion as one of the future possibilities for electricity generation.The author tries to understand why nuclear-fusion research is not considered of strategic importance by the major world powers. The fusion programs of the USA and Europe are taken as prime examples to illustrate the 'hesitation'. Europe is now advocating a socalled 'fast-track' approach, thereby seemingly abandoning the 'classic' time frame towards fusion that it has projected for many years. The US 'oscillatory' attitude towards ITER in relation to its domestic program is a second case study that is looked at.From the real history of the ITER design and the 'siting' issue, one can try to understand how important fusion is considered by these world powers. Not words are important, but deeds. Fast tracks are nice to talk about, but timely decisions need to be taken and sufficient money is to be provided. More fundamental understanding of fusion plasma physics is important, but in the end, real hardware devices must be constructed to move along the path of power plant implementation.The author tries to make a balance of where fusion power research is at this moment, and where, according to his views, it should be going.

  15. Online Planning Tools Make Road Trips a Snap | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMake YourDepartment ofCDepartmentthe ChiefOil Oil

  16. accelerating policy decisions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tiongson 2012-01-01 56 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  17. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manufacturing. (2011). Sustainability framework model.for Advanced Manufacturing (NACFAM) Sustainability FrameworkScreenshot of NACFAM Sustainability Framework tool (National

  18. Subtask 1.18 - A Decision Tool for Watershed-Based Effluent Trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xixi Wang; Bethany A. Kurz; Marc D. Kurz

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Handling produced water in an economical and environmentally sound manner is vital to coalbed methane (CBM) development, which is expected to increase up to 60% in the next 10-15 years as the demand for natural gas increases. Current produced water-handling methods (e.g., shallow reinjection and infiltration impoundments) are too costly when implemented on a well-by-well basis. A watershed-based effluent credit trading approach may be a means of managing produced water at reduced cost while meeting or surpassing water quality regulations. This market-based approach allows for improved water quality management by enabling industrial, agricultural, and municipal discharge facilities to meet water quality permit requirements by purchasing pollutant reduction credits from other entities within the same watershed. An evaluation of this concept was conducted for the Powder River Basin (PRB) of Montana and Wyoming by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC). To conduct this assessment, the EERC collected and evaluated existing water quality information and developed the appropriate tools needed to assess the environmental and economic feasibility of specific trading scenarios. The accomplishments of this study include (1) an exploration of the available PRB water quantity and quality data using advanced statistical techniques, (2) development of an integrated water quality model that predicts the impacts of CBM produced water on stream salinity and sodicity, (3) development of an economic model that estimates costs and benefits from implementing potential trading options, (4) evaluation of hypothetical trading scenarios between select watersheds of the PRB, and (5) communication of the project concept and results to key state and federal agencies, industry representatives, and stakeholders of the PRB. The preliminary results of a basinwide assessment indicate that up to $684 million could be saved basinwide without compromising water quality as a result of implementing a watershed-based credit-trading approach.

  19. Multicriteria Decision Aid Tool for Third-Party Logistics Providers' Selection Aicha Aguezzoul, Besoa Rabenasolo, Anne-Marie Jolly-Desodt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Multicriteria Decision Aid Tool for Third-Party Logistics Providers' Selection Aicha Aguezzoul of logistics activities has become a common practice by many companies, which implies an efficient choice of the Third-Party Logistics (3PLs) providers. A literature review on the 3PLs provider's selection problem

  20. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models of life-cycle assessment (LCA): Part 1. graduatea product. Many life cycle assessment (LCA) tools focus ondescribed by the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology and

  1. A study of the feasibility and applicability of the decision table as an effective tool in programming computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippel, Gene Harvey

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Acting in this capacity, his first obli- gation is to positively identify and formally record the policy deci- sions expressed by operating management [36), It follows that the pol- icy makers must be able to communicate their decisions to the analyst... of problem definition and in the documen- tation of programs, the decision table offers to facilitate efficiency in programming. The decision table has been effectively used to ana- lyze, formulate, and record the decision logic of programs in which...

  2. Quality of evidence for perceptual decision making is indexed by trial-to-trial variability of the EEG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sajda, Paul

    of the EEG Roger Ratcliffa,1 , Marios G. Philiastidesb , and Paul Sajdac aDepartment of Psychology, Ohio-Planck-Institute for Human Development, 14195 Berlin, Germany; and cLaboratory for Intelligent Imaging and Neural Computing, the quality of the evidence on which a decision is based. Even for stimuli from a single experimental

  3. Strategic Decision-Making with Information and Extraction Externalities: A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production C.-Y. Cynthia Lin 1 Appendix: Monte's exploration decision as a fraction of a firm's average de- velopment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049's average devel- opment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049|| = -159. Thus, when a neighbor explores

  4. The first disaggregated solar atlas of Djibouti: a decision-making tool for solar systems integration in the energy scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in "Renewable Energy 57 (2013) 57-69" DOI : 10.1016/j.renene.2013.01.030 #12;2 government looks for installing power systems using renewable energies, including solar systems, in order to overcome power supply, Energy planning, Ground measurements, Satellite-based solar atlas Nomenclatures hal-00801458,version1

  5. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy  Audits         Page   40   The  Portland  State  University  (University,  Research  Into  Action,  and  Earth   Advantage  Institute  worked  together   Behavioral  Perspectives  on  Home  Energy  Audits        

  6. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    city,  so  the  Home  Energy  Audit  participants   interviewed  and  surveyed  were  necessarily  north  of  this  area.  

  7. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    City  Light’s  program  design  was  a  deliberate   balance  of  providing  a  comparable  asset-­?based  home  energy  

  8. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar  hot  water  heater  and  solar  panels   Solar  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  current  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  new  backup  tank.  

  9. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    panels.   Install  a  tankless  water  heater.  Install  a  high  efficiency  gas  water  heater.  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  current  

  10. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heater.   Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  new  backup  tank.  heater.   Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  

  11. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of  homes,  incorporating  energy  use  behaviors  (as  home  and  optimize  their  energy  use  behaviors?   •home  and  optimizing   their  energy  use  behaviors—not  

  12. Visual Analysis as a Design and Decision-Making Tool in the Development of a Quarry1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    and reclamation plans and (2) analyzing the off-site visual impacts on the surrounding land and community. VISUAL of the mining and reclamation of a proposed hard rock quarry was required. High visibility of the proposed of the project. The Visual Analysis defined design criteria for the min- ing and reclamation plans to minimize

  13. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water  heater  and  solar  panels   Solar  thermals   Some  windows   Solar  Panel   Solar  Water  Heater   Percent  the  refrigerator   Solar  panels   The  in-­?line  hot-­?

  14. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table  51:  Natural  Gas  Usage  (therms/yr)—Comparison  of  Model  Estimated  Natural  Gas  Usage  vs.  Utility  Estimated  Natural  Gas  Usage    361   Figure  

  15. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    turning  down  the  water  heater  tank  temperature—solar  water  heater  and  new  backup  tank.   Insulate  solar  water  heater  and  new  backup  tank.   Insulate  

  16. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  current  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  new  backup  tank.  Install  a  solar  water  heater  and  use  your  current  

  17. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perspectives  on  Home  Energy  Audits         Page   158  in  the  effect  of  home  energy  audits:  Theory  and  Perspectives  on  Home  Energy  Audits         Page   159  

  18. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    355   Table  51:  Natural  Gas  Usage  (therms/yr)—of  Model  Estimated  Natural  Gas  Usage  vs.  Utility  Model  Estimated  Natural  Gas  Usage    361  

  19. A Robust Four-Fluid Transient Flow Simulator as an Analysis and Decision Making Tool for Dynamic Kill Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghshenas, Arash

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    , outcomes of blowouts are unknown and should be studied before starting an operation. Plans should be available to prevent blowouts or provide safe and secure ways of controlling the well before the drilling operation starts. The plan should include...

  20. A Robust Four-Fluid Transient Flow Simulator as an Analysis and Decision Making Tool for Dynamic Kill Operation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghshenas, Arash

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The worst scenario of drilling operation is blowout which is uncontrolled flow of formation fluid into the wellbore. Blowouts result in environmental damage with potential risk of injuries and fatalities. Although not all ...

  1. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that  is  what  my  carbon  footprint  really  is.   It  the  home’s  carbon  footprint,  and  shows  homeowners  reducing  their  carbon  footprint,  while  13  additional  

  2. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    how   efficient  our  home  heating  was.    I  signed  most  of  these  homes  supplemental  heating  was  not  primary  sources  of   heating  my  home.   I  would  like  

  3. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of  REPs  and  Awareness  of  Energy  Efficiency   The  scorecard   raises  awareness  of  energy  use  in  homes  labels  raise  awareness  of  energy  use  and  energy  

  4. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Install  a  heat-­?pump  water  heater.   Behavioral  Install  a  heat-­?pump  water  heater        Install  a  beams   Get  a  heat  pump  water  heater   Get  an  on  

  5. Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingle, Aaron

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy  upgrades—comfort,  hassle,  risk,  safety,  reliability  of  savings   estimates,  the  present  circumstances  and  plans  of  the  homeowners,  and  so  on—than  software  energy  upgrades—comfort,  hassle,  risk,  safety,  reliability  of   savings  estimates,  the  present  circumstances  and  plans  of  the  homeowners,  and  so  on—than  software  

  6. Environmental planning and categorical exclusions: Making the categorical exclusion an integral part of your NEPA tool kit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holthoff, M.G.; Hanrahan, T.P.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As contained in the Regulations for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act, 40 CFR 1500--1508, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) directs federal agencies to adopt their own procedures for implementing the Act. The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) are two examples of federal agencies with dissimilar but functionally equivalent CX processes. The DOE and USFS were selected as subjects for this study because of their distinctly different missions and as a results of the author`s familiarity with the policies of both agencies. The objectives of this study are to: (1) describe the CX policies and processes of the two agencies, (2) identify the similarities and differences between the two processes, and (3) suggest ways for improving these processes. In performing this evaluation, the authors will identify the components of each agency`s CX process that clearly contributes qualitative information for the purpose of making environmental planning decisions. Drawing from the best elements of each process, the authors will provide some general recommendations that should enable the agencies to fulfill their various obligations to the CX process while concurrently performing early, thorough, and expeditious environmental reviews under NEPA.

  7. An Environmental and Economic Trade-off Analysis of Manufacturing Process Chains to Inform Decision Making for Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Stefanie L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have a more energy-efficient design, in which electricalan energy and resource efficient process chain design. In J.energy roughing and finish machining, plans for minimum consumable use, efficient spindle/tooling design

  8. Status Update on the NCRP Scientific Committee SC 5-1 Report: Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents - 13450

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In August 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued its final Protective Action Guide (PAG) for radiological dispersal device (RDD) and improvised nuclear device (IND) incidents. This document specifies protective actions for public health during the early and intermediate phases and cleanup guidance for the late phase of RDD or IND incidents, and it discusses approaches to implementing the necessary actions. However, while the PAG provides specific guidance for the early and intermediate phases, it prescribes no equivalent guidance for the late-phase cleanup actions. Instead, the PAG offers a general description of a complex process using a site-specific optimization approach. This approach does not predetermine cleanup levels but approaches the problem from the factors that would bear on the final agreed-on cleanup levels. Based on this approach, the decision-making process involves multifaceted considerations including public health, the environment, and the economy, as well as socio-political factors. In an effort to fully define the process and approach to be used in optimizing late-phase recovery and site restoration following an RDD or IND incident, DHS has tasked the NCRP with preparing a comprehensive report addressing all aspects of the optimization process. Preparation of the NCRP report is a three-year (2010-2013) project assigned to a scientific committee, the Scientific Committee (SC) 5-1; the report was initially titled, Approach to Optimizing Decision Making for Late- Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Terrorism Incidents. Members of SC 5-1 represent a broad range of expertise, including homeland security, health physics, risk and decision analysis, economics, environmental remediation and radioactive waste management, and communication. In the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011, and guided by a recent process led by the White House through a Principal Level Exercise (PLE), the optimization approach has since been expanded to include off-site contamination from major nuclear power plant accidents as well as other nuclear or radiological incidents. The expanded application under the current guidance has thus led to a broadened scope of the report, which is reflected in its new title, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. The NCRP report, which is due for publication in 2013, will substantiate the current DHS guidance by clarifying and elaborating on the processes required for the development and implementation of procedures for optimizing decision making for late-phase recovery, enabling the establishment of cleanup goals on a site-specific basis. The report will contain a series of topics addressing important issues related to the long-term recovery from nuclear or radiological incidents. Special topics relevant to supporting the optimization of the decision-making process will include cost-benefit analysis, radioactive waste management, risk communication, stakeholder interaction, risk assessment, and decontamination approaches and techniques. The committee also evaluated past nuclear and radiological incidents for their relevance to the report, including the emerging issues associated with the Fukushima nuclear accident. Thus, due to the commonality of the late-phase issues (such as the potential widespread contamination following an event), the majority of the information pertaining to the response in the late-phase decision-making period, including site-specific optimization framework and approach, could be used or adapted for use in case of similar situations that are not due to terrorism, such as those that would be caused by major nuclear facility accidents or radiological incidents. To ensure that the report and the NCRP recommendations are current and relevant to the effective implementation of federal guidance, SC 5-1 has actively coordinated with the agencies of interest and other relevant stakeholders throughout the duration of the project. The resulting report will be an important resource to guide those involved

  9. Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP). Appendix F, remediation analysis with Decision Support Tools (DSTs) for wide-area chemical hazards.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassig, Nancy L. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Pulsipher, Brent A. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Foltz, Greg W.; Hoette, Trisha Marie

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) commissioned an assessment of the Consequence Management (CM) plans in place on military bases for response to a chemical attack. The effectiveness of the CM plans for recovering from chemical incidents was modeled using a multiple Decision Support Tools (DSTs). First, a scenario was developed based on an aerial dispersion of a chemical agent over a wide-area of land. The extent of contamination was modeled with the Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability (HPAC) tool. Subsequently, the Analyzer for Wide Area Restoration Effectiveness (AWARE) tool was used to estimate the cost and time demands for remediation based on input of contamination maps, sampling and decontamination resources, strategies, rates and costs. The sampling strategies incorporated in the calculation were designed using the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) tool. Based on a gaps assessment and the DST remediation analysis, an Enhanced Chemical Incident Response Plan (ECIRP) was developed.

  10. The Muzzi marsh: a case study and analysis of wetland restoration decision-making in San Francisco Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brah, William Joseph

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Commission therefore suggested that state coastal zone authorities should he voluntarily formed with the Federal Government supporting some of their operating costs. The Commission proposed that the key responsibility of tl&ese new state authorities... of state programs with federal agencies, the federal agencies had to exercise their authority in conformance with the state programs. This new state ability to affect federal resource decisions was the major incentive tor state participation...

  11. assessment tool denat: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liu, Andrew 446 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  12. assessment tool mdat: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liu, Andrew 444 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  13. Adaptive tool selection strategies for drilling in flexible manufacturing systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chander, Karthik Balachandran

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis presents an approach to adaptive decision making strategies to reduce bottlenecks in a drilling operation and to extend tool life. It is an attempt to portray the real drilling system in a typical Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS...

  14. Integrated Simulation Development and Decision Support Tool-Set for Utility Market and Distributed Solar Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daye, Tony [Green Power Labs

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project will enable utilities to develop long-term strategic plans that integrate high levels of renewable energy generation, and to better plan power system operations under high renewable penetration. The program developed forecast data streams for decision support and effective integration of centralized and distributed solar power generation in utility operations. This toolset focused on real time simulation of distributed power generation within utility grids with the emphasis on potential applications in day ahead (market) and real time (reliability) utility operations. The project team developed and demonstrated methodologies for quantifying the impact of distributed solar generation on core utility operations, identified protocols for internal data communication requirements, and worked with utility personnel to adapt the new distributed generation (DG) forecasts seamlessly within existing Load and Generation procedures through a sophisticated DMS. This project supported the objectives of the SunShot Initiative and SUNRISE by enabling core utility operations to enhance their simulation capability to analyze and prepare for the impacts of high penetrations of solar on the power grid. The impact of high penetration solar PV on utility operations is not only limited to control centers, but across many core operations. Benefits of an enhanced DMS using state-of-the-art solar forecast data were demonstrated within this project and have had an immediate direct operational cost savings for Energy Marketing for Day Ahead generation commitments, Real Time Operations, Load Forecasting (at an aggregate system level for Day Ahead), Demand Response, Long term Planning (asset management), Distribution Operations, and core ancillary services as required for balancing and reliability. This provided power system operators with the necessary tools and processes to operate the grid in a reliable manner under high renewable penetration.

  15. Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic phases of building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and external temperature variations and a utilization factor of the dynamic effect of internal and solar heat (just like performance simulation tools) are mostly used at the end of the building design process that acts as a data manager and process controller to allow concurrent use of #12;2 multiple simulation

  16. The relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making (SBDM) committee members of middle schools in Region 5 Education Service Center (ESC), Texas: a cohort study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Larry Scott

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, one of four cohort studies, was designed to determine the relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making committee members of middle schools...

  17. Dredging Operations Technical Support Program. General decision-making framework for management of dredged material: Example application to Commencement Bay, Washington. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, C.R.; Tatem, H.E.; Brandon, D.L.; Kay, S.H.; Peddicord, R.K.

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Navigable waterways of the United States have a vital role in the Nation's economic growth. The US Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for the dredging and disposal of large volumes of sediment each year. Dredging is a process by which sediments are removed from the bottom of streams, rivers, lakes, and coastal waters, transported via ship, barge, or pipeline, and discharged to land or water. The presence of contamination in some locations has generated concern that dredged material disposal may adversely affect water quality and aquatic organisms or terrestrial organisms. Since many of the waterways are located in industrial and urban areas, some sediments may be highly contaminated with hazardous materials. A general decision-making framework based on the results of technically sound tests protocols is described. The decision-making framework includes consideration of sediment chemistry, physical chemistry of disposal site environments, and biological effects of sediment contaminants, as well as comparison of test results from sediments to be dredged with test results from reference sediments and with established criteria. The framework provides the basis for selection of the environmentally preferable disposal alternative and for identification of potentially appropriate control measures to minimize problems associated with the presence of contaminants.

  18. Decision-making in demand-side management collaboratives: The influence of non-utility parties on electric-utility policies and programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schweitzer, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); English, M.; Schexnayder, S. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [and others

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the late 1980s, a number of electric utilities and interested non-utility parties (NUPs)-such as environmental groups, large industrial customers, and state government agencies-have tried a new approach to reaching agreement on program design and policy issues related to utility use of Demand-Side Management (DSM) resources. Through this new arrangement, known as the DSM collaborative process, parties who have often been adversaries attempt to resolve their differences through compromise and consensus rather than by using traditional litigation. This paper-which is based on studies of over a dozen collaboratives nationwide-discusses the organizational structure of collaboratives, the ways in which NUPs have been involved in the decision-making process, and how the amount of influence exerted by the NUPs is related to collaborative accomplishments. Most of the collaboratives studied had two organizational levels: a {open_quotes}working group{close_quotes} that provided policy direction and guidance for the collaborative and {open_quotes}subgroups{close_quotes} that performed the detailed tasks necessary to flesh out individual DSM programs. Most collaboratives also had a coordinator who was charged with scheduling meetings, exchanging information, and performing other important organizational functions, and it was common for the utility to fund consultants to provide expert assistance for the NUPs. In general, the utilities reserved the final decision-making prerogative for themselves, in line with their ultimate responsibility to shareholders, customers, and regulators. Still, there was substantial variation among the collaboratives in terms of how actively consensus was sought and how seriously the inputs of the NUPs were taken. In general, the collaboratives that resulted in the largest effects on utility DSM usage were those in which the utilities were most willing to allow their decisions to be shaped by the NUPs.

  19. Interoperability Checklist for Decision-Makers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

    2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2007 the GridWise® Architecture Council published the Introduction to Interoperability and Decision-Maker’s Interoperability Checklist Version 1.0 as a tool to be used by policy makers and executives making smart grid policy or investment decisions. Subsequently there has been a significant amount of additional work on smart grid interoperability by the council and others. This paper summarizes the current efforts of the council to update the checklist to incorporate this subsequent work.

  20. Tutorial 5: R programming basics While R is perhaps best known as a statistical tool for analyzing data or for making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Thomas E.

    1 Tutorial 5: R programming basics Tom Miller While R is perhaps best known as a statistical tool for analyzing data or for making graphs, it is also really useful as a simple programming language and compiler. Using R for programming is not "machine efficient" and the programs can be a tad clunky and slow

  1. analytic-deliberative policy making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Handy, Susan L. 49 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  2. Introducing new uncertainty theories into decision-aid methods: application to expert assessment of natural risks in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    dam, information imperfection, reliability, expert assessment, multicriteria decision analysis, fuzzy two contexts, it is essential to provide methods and tools to make risk management the most safe and efficient as possible. These tools are used either by stakeholders or infrastructures managers. Decision

  3. Decision-Making in Structure Solution using Bayesian Estimates of Map Quality: The PHENIX AutoSol Wizard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, T. C.; Adams, P. D.; Read, R. J.; McCoy, A. J.; Moriarty, Nigel W.; Grosse-Kunstleve, R. W.; Afonine, P. V.; Zwart, P. H.; Hung, L.-W.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimates of the quality of experimental maps are important in many stages of structure determination of macromolecules. Map quality is defined here as the correlation between a map and the map calculated based on a final refined model. Here we examine 10 different measures of experimental map quality using a set of 1359 maps calculated by reanalysis of 246 solved MAD, SAD, and MIR datasets. A simple Bayesian approach to estimation of map quality from one or more measures is presented. We find that a Bayesian estimator based on the skew of histograms of electron density is the most accurate of the 10 individual Bayesian estimators of map quality examined, with a correlation between estimated and actual map quality of 0.90. A combination of the skew of electron density with the local correlation of rms density gives a further improvement in estimating map quality, with an overall correlation coefficient of 0.92. The PHENIX AutoSol Wizard carries out automated structure solution based on any combination of SAD, MAD, SIR, or MIR datasets. The Wizard is based on tools from the PHENIX package and uses the Bayesian estimates of map quality described here to choose the highest-quality solutions after experimental phasing.

  4. Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

  5. Use of hazard assessments to support risk-based decision making in the US Department of Energy Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.R.; Konkel, H.; Rainbolt, M.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the nuclear explosive hazard assessment activities performed to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Integrated Safety or ``Seamless Safety`` program. Past practice within the DOE Complex dictated the use of a significant number of post-design/ fabrication safety reviews to analyze the safety associated with operations on nuclear explosives and to answer safety questions. These practices have focused on reviewing-in or auditing-in safety vs incorporating safety in the design process. SS-21 was proposed by the DOE as an avenue to develop a program to ``integrate established, recognized, verifiable safety criteria into the process at the design stage rather than continuing the reliance on reviews, evaluations and audits.`` The cornerstone of the SS-21 design process is the hazard assessment, which is performed concurrently with process and tooling design. The hazard assessment is used as the key management tool to guide overall risk management associated with the nuclear explosive activity through supporting risk-based decisions made with respect to process design.

  6. Making Compressed Air System Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porri, R. E.

    . The design of a compressed air system was formerly limited to the selection of an air compressor large enough to deliver sufficient compressed air for the estimated system requirements. As system air requirements grew, additional compressors were added... specification, selection and installation process will follow. BACKGROUND For more than 100 years compressed air has been used throughout industry as a safe and reliable utility. The generation of this utility is performed by an air compressor. The first...

  7. FEATURE ARTICLES Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with respect to human groups, which ha\\'e developed a variety of voting pro- cedures to single out one option'iorami commuiiiai- tion. Kevin M. Passino is a professor of electrical and computer aigineering at Tlie Ohio State of observational, experimental and mathematical-model- ing studies. This work has revealed a set of behavioral

  8. Training Adaptive Decision-Making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

  9. Essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shampanier, Kristina S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1: Zero as a Special Price: the True Value of Free Products. When faced with a choice of selecting one of several available products (or possibly buying nothing), according to standard theoretical perspectives, people ...

  10. Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics examines of development of institutions from diverse technical realities and historical experiences. Economics explains

  11. Utility planning tools catalog. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diamond, M.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning methods new to the industry can help utilities steer a sound course in today's complex business environment. This catalog offers an overview of 23 innovative techniques drawn from other industries. The tools selected focus on supporting strategic analysis and decision making for utilities.

  12. Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Decision Analysis for EGS Decision Analysis for EGS Project objectives: DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYSIS TOOLS TO ASSESS: Uncertainties associated with exploration for EGS; Uncertainties...

  13. Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roaza, Ruth

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess – the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

  14. CUFX212-c10 CUFX212-Sun 978 0 521 85741 3 November 22, 2007 19:29 Micro-Process Models of Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busemeyer, Jerome R.

    is then discussed; in particular, specific and pervasive "para- doxes" of human choice behavior are briefly reviewed para- doxes in the second section that have con- tested utility theories. Again, decision field theory

  15. areas final decision: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ulm, Universitt 234 Multiattribute Decision Making by Sequential Resource Allocation Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants Websites Summary: Multiattribute Decision...

  16. Airspace ManagementAirspace Management Decision ToolDecision Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    ) to calculate expected outcomescalculate expected outcomes Use LTSA animation to verifyUse LTSA animation

  17. MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

  18. Computational Tools to Accelerate Commercial Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, David C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of the work reported are: to develop new computational tools and models to enable industry to more rapidly develop and deploy new advanced energy technologies; to demonstrate the capabilities of the CCSI Toolset on non-proprietary case studies; and to deploy the CCSI Toolset to industry. Challenges of simulating carbon capture (and other) processes include: dealing with multiple scales (particle, device, and whole process scales); integration across scales; verification, validation, and uncertainty; and decision support. The tools cover: risk analysis and decision making; validated, high-fidelity CFD; high-resolution filtered sub-models; process design and optimization tools; advanced process control and dynamics; process models; basic data sub-models; and cross-cutting integration tools.

  19. Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project Development Decisions July 16, 2013 -...

  20. Between a Rock and a Soft Place: Investigating prima facie irrationality and farmers' decision-making in the cotton region of south-western Chad 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnier, Matthias

    2012-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    access to inputs and credit that are systemically unavailable via other crops. It will also show that social factors such as inedibility of cotton or applied informal peer-pressure to grow cotton form irrefutable elements of farmer’s agricultural decision...

  1. Experimental Evaluation of Electric Power Grid Visualization Tools in the EIOC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Dauenhauer, Peter M.; Wierks, Tamara G.; Podmore, Robin; Dalton, Angela C.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study follows an initial human factors evaluation of four electric power grid visualization tools and reports on an empirical evaluation of two of the four tools: Graphical Contingency Analysis, and Phasor State Estimator. The evaluation was conducted within specific experimental studies designed to measure the impact on decision making performance.

  2. The second iteration of the Systems Prioritization Method: A systems prioritization and decision-aiding tool for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Volume 1, Synopsis of method and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prindle, N.H.; Mendenhall, F.T.; Boak, D.M. [and others

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 1994, the US Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (DOE/CAO) embarked on an effort to design and implement a performance- based decision-aiding tool to provide an analytical basis for planning, prioritizing, and selecting programmatic options for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This tool, called Systems Prioritization Method (SPM) defines the most viable combinations of scientific investigations, engineered alternatives (EAs), and waste acceptance criteria (WAC) for supporting the final WIPP compliance application. The scope of SPM is restricted to selected portions of applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) long-term performance regulations. SPM calculates the probabilities of certain sets of activities demonstrating compliance with various regulations. SPM provides results in the form of a decision matrix to identify cost-effective programmatic paths with a high probability of successfully demonstrating compliance.

  3. 20072012 Career Decision Making Assessment Plan The following areas will be assessed as part of a comprehensive assessment plan to enhance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Inventories Rationale: The COPSystem Inventories have been given to LSU students who seek to make will be conducted in which 2025 students will take the COPSystem Inventories early in the spring 2008 semesterBriggs/Strong Interest Inventory Rationale: Students who seek to make a choice of major or career that is aligned

  4. Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . To illustrate this issue, a web map service enabling "geolocalized life cycle assessment" of offshore wind farms makers in assess- ing the global environmental impacts caused by an offshore wind farm in Northern Europe of configurations and locations of offshore wind farms. A special interest is given to Northern Europe as offshore

  5. Goal: develop high-level decision-making optimization to predict structural modifications in refining and logistics assets using more rigorous formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Processing Blending Quantitative Methods for Strategic and Investment Planning in the Oil-Refining Industry in refining and logistics assets using more rigorous formulations PETROBRAS Current Tool for Strategic, When to Invest? Only optimize streams transfers (oil and fuels import/export, market supply) + NLP

  6. Harnessing Smart Sensor Technology for Industrial Energy Efficiency- Making Process-Specific Efficiency Projects Cost Effective with a Broadly Configurable, Network-Enabled Monitoring Tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiczer, J. J.; Wiczer, M. B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To improve monitoring technology often re-quired by industrial energy efficiency projects, we have developed a set of power and process monitoring tools based on the IEEE 1451.2 smart sensor interface standard. These tools enable a wide...

  7. Computational Tools for Accelerating Carbon Capture Process Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of the work reported are: to develop new computational tools and models to enable industry to more rapidly develop and deploy new advanced energy technologies; to demonstrate the capabilities of the CCSI Toolset on non-proprietary case studies; and to deploy the CCSI Toolset to industry. Challenges of simulating carbon capture (and other) processes include: dealing with multiple scales (particle, device, and whole process scales); integration across scales; verification, validation, and uncertainty; and decision support. The tools cover: risk analysis and decision making; validated, high-fidelity CFD; high-resolution filtered sub-models; process design and optimization tools; advanced process control and dynamics; process models; basic data sub-models; and cross-cutting integration tools.

  8. Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    approaches were investigated to develop a best-practices methodology for objective geothermal exploration decision making at a given location, including gono-go decision points...

  9. SEGALL, NOA. Design and Prototyping of a Cognitive Model-Based Decision Support Tool for Anesthesia Provider Management of Crisis Situations. (Under the direction of David B.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    for Anesthesia Provider Management of Crisis Situations. (Under the direction of David B. Kaber.) This research crisis situations that would prompt the anesthesia provider to contact an attending physician. In addition, the tool could be used by practitioners working alone to deliver anesthesia. A novel approach

  10. Decision guide for roof slope selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharp, T.R.; Wendt, R.L.; McCorkle, J.E.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This decision guide has been written for personnel who are responsible for the design, construction, and replacement of Air Force roofs. It provides the necessary information and analytical tools for making prudent and cost-effective decisions regarding the amount of slope to provide in various roofing situations. Because the expertise and experience of the decision makers will vary, the guide contains both basic slope-related concepts as well as more sophisticated technical data. This breadth of information enables the less experienced user to develop an understanding of roof slope issues before applying the more sophisticated analytical tools, while the experienced user can proceed directly to the technical sections. Although much of this guide is devoted to the analysis of costs, it is not a cost-estimating document. It does, however, provide the reader with the relative costs of a variety of roof slope options; and it shows how to determine the relative cost-effectiveness of different options. The selection of the proper roof slope coupled with good roof design, a quality installation, periodic inspection, and appropriate maintenance and repair will achieve the Air Force's objective of obtaining the best possible roofing value for its buildings. 21 refs., 17 figs., 10 tabs.

  11. Decision Making, Movement Planning,1 and Statistical Decision Theory2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Laurence T.

    in perception, cognition and motor control50 and a wide variety of biological tasks can be formulated Science,10 6 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA11 12 Trends in Cognitive Science, in press, 5 at understanding how probability38 information is represented in motor and economic tasks. By formulating

  12. Arguing for Decisions: A Qualitative Model of Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonet, Blai

    Universidad Simon Bol var Aptdo. 89000, Caracas 1080-A Venezuela Hector Ge ner Dpto. de Computacion Universidad Simon Bol var Aptdo. 89000, Caracas 1080-A Venezuela Abstract We develop a qualitative model

  13. Decision analysis for geothermal energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yost, Keith A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the key impediments to the development of enhanced geothermal systems is a deficiency in the tools available to project planners and developers. Weak tool sets make it difficult to accurately estimate the cost and ...

  14. Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

  15. Essays in belief formation and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Justin M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Season Player Kobe Bryant Lamar Odom Vladimir Radmanovicand United States Olympian, Lamar Odom, took the second mostThe second highest paid player, Lamar Odom, took the second

  16. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    manufacturing environmental impact and enable the reductionthe supply chain (3) environmental impact and cost must bethe supply chain’s environmental impact and flexibility (

  17. Reducing Subjectivity in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    determining when to walk away at a given location? Anecdotal quotes: a. "If we just do xxx, then we'll know our field know where to drill." b. "no well is ever unsuccessful...

  18. The neural mechanisms of perceptual decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Tiffany Cheing; Ho, Tiffany Cheing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the leaky, competing accumulator model. Psychologicalassume that independent accumulators corresponding to each1, right). The first accumulator to gather the criterion

  19. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spread of influence [78] David Kempe, Jon Kleinberg, and Evatomers to maximize profit. Kempe et al. [78] presented an

  20. Algorithmic modeling of decision making over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattani, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tardos. Maximizing the David Kempe, Jon M. Kleinberg, andNicole Immorlica, David Kempe, and Robert Klein- berg.is also related to our work. Kempe et al. [KKT03] considered

  1. Environmental Valuation and Decision Making for Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    spending time in residence at the Institute. Both IWR and the Corps benefit from such faculty engaging in ongoing water resources studies and research on a reimbursable basis. Visiting scholars are expected development and water resources problems (e.g. drought, floods) and the economies of developing nations

  2. Essays in belief formation and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Justin M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in response and economic incentives . . . . . . . 3.4.2heightened individual economic incentives. Chapter 4 uses aheightened individual economic incentives. Introduction In

  3. Algorithmic modeling of decision making over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattani, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MS09] A. Montanari and A. Saberi. Convergence to equilibriumresults by Montanari and Saberi [MS09] regarding the spread

  4. Politically rational foreign policy decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Charles Todd

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    and institutional arrangements? (1988, 432). Second, Putnam contends that there are few theories that connect domestic and international politics. ?We need to move beyond the mere observation that domestic factors influence international affairs and vice versa...

  5. Brownian motion and multidimensional decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lange, Rutger-Jan

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    of their masses, and inversely as the square of their distance from each other. 19th century physicists, having learned of Newton’s law of universal gravitation (1687) and of Coulomb’s inverse-square law for electrostatic forces (1783), realised that the funda... a vital link between two big things. At one end we see the Newton-Coulomb potential; at the other the normal density [...]. Can the linkage be a mere accident, or does it portend something of innate significance? Indeed, the free Green function GB...

  6. Essays on microeconomics and statistical decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nieto Barthaburu, Augusto

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Introduction to Econometric Theory. Princeton Universityand S. Low (1989): An Econometric Analysis of the Bankextensive statistical and econometric literature concerned

  7. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contributor to environmental damage and resource use. Thisthe reduction of environmental damage through informed

  8. Tank Farm Area Cleanup Decision-Making

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafety Tag: SafetyTakingH-1Reader's GuideCoverFarm

  9. Geospatial Decision Making System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof EnergyFundingGeneGenomeGeoffreyGeorge

  10. Developing a decision-theoretic network for a congenital heart disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    and statistical decision theory has yielded the framework of decision-theoretic networks 15 . The framework of decision making under uncertainty. In contrast with the classical decision-theoretic and knowledge-based approaches employed in the past two decades to decision making under uncertainty, the framework of decision-theoretic

  11. EMP (electromagnetic pulse) representational tools for personal workstations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riley, A.; Shafer, D.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to rapidly provide a visual representation of a problem set, its accompanying environment, and the variables that directly impact the analysis is of enormous value to the weapons analyst. Parametric, first-principle tools are directly and immediately usable by the analyst to represent the systems under investigation and the effects on those systems by the weapons under analysis. The three tools described, GEOREP, 3-AXIS, and G RANGE, provide these visual, analytic tools directly to the analyst on personal computer workstations. The simplicity and rapidity with which these tools may be used are especially beneficial to weapons analysts dealing with complex phenomena such as EMP. The potential flexibility of these representational tools is shown through examples of notional weapons applications. Use of GEOREP, 3-AXIS, and G RANGE, which augment, rather than supplant, complex weapons effects physics codes, can help provide the necessary, cost-effective guidance for making decisions on detailed case studies.

  12. An analysis of selected decision making variables and the effects they have on the post-secondary education plans of 16-21 year old youth from the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takao, Marsha Jane McCord

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    influence the post-secondary education decisions made by 16-21 year old youth in the United States. In addition, selected outcome options were analyzed to determine the effect these options have on post-secondary education decisions made by 16-21 year old...

  13. Conference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    of compartmentalized data, lack of central storage, and limited access to data for decision-making in water managementConference Topic: Integrated Water Resources and Coastal Areas Management National Water Information Systems: A Tool to Support Integrated Water Resources Management in the Caribbean Marie-Claire St

  14. North Slope Decision Support for Water Resource Planning and Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnabel, William; Brumbelow, Kelly

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to enhance the water resource decision-making process with respect to oil and gas exploration/production activities on Alaska’s North Slope. To this end, a web-based software tool was developed to allow stakeholders to assemble, evaluate, and communicate relevant information between and amongst themselves. The software, termed North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS), is a visually-referenced database that provides a platform for running complex natural system, planning, and optimization models. The NSDSS design was based upon community input garnered during a series of stakeholder workshops, and the end product software is freely available to all stakeholders via the project website. The tool now resides on servers hosted by the UAF Water and Environmental Research Center, and will remain accessible and free-of-charge for all interested stakeholders. The development of the tool fostered new advances in the area of data evaluation and decision support technologies, and the finished product is envisioned to enhance water resource planning activities on Alaska’s North Slope.

  15. Integrating a life-cycle assessment with NEPA: Does it make sense?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ECCLESTON, C.H.

    1998-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 provides the basic national charter for protection of the environment in the US. Today NEPA has provided an environmental policy model which has been emulated by nations around the world. Recently, questions have been raised regarding the appropriateness and under what conditions it makes sense to combine the preparation of a NEPA analysis with the International Organization for Stnadardization (ISO) - 14000 Standards for Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA). This paper advantages a decision making tool consisting of six discrete criteria which can be employed by a user in reaching a decision regarding the integration of NEPA analysis and LCA. Properly applied, this tool should reduce the risk that a LCA may be inappropriately prepared and integrated with a NEPA analysis.

  16. Initial Decision and Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

  17. Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems Ian Davidson and Ryszard a decision support framework for logistics problems. The research covers methodologies, technologies and software tools. The framework considers typical characteristics of real-world logistics problems, common

  18. Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ian

    Towards Better Approaches To Decision Support in Logistics Problems Ian Davidson and Ryszard a decision support framework for logistics problems. The research covers methodologies, technologies and software tools. The framework considers typical characteristics of real­world logistics problems, common

  19. Computer art and creative tool making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao, Yuhan-Lin

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital paint package has been developed which places attention on the design of personal "brush " patterns. The user generates an image by iterating these pattern modules on the raster display. During the application ...

  20. Minds, Brains and Tools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The selected texts for this discussion were two recent pieces by Dennett (“Things About Things” and “Making Tools for Thinking” – henceforth TAT and MTT respectively) and one oldie-but-goodie (“Styles of Mental Representation”, ...

  1. assessment decision support: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    program for salmonids on the north coast. The Departments of Fish and Game, Forestry and Fire Protection, California Standiford, Richard B. 4 Decision-support tool for...

  2. Building Stakeholder Trust: Defensible Government Decisions - 13110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franklin, Victor A. [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administrative decisions must be grounded in reasonable expectations, founded on sound principles, and bounded by societal norms. Without these first principles, attaining and retaining public trust is a Herculean task. Decisions made by governmental administrators must be both transparent and defensible: without the former the agency will lose the public's trust and support (possibly prompting a legal challenge to the decision) and without the latter the decision may fail to withstand judicial scrutiny. This presentation and accompanying paper delves into the process by which governmental decisions can achieve both defensibility and openness through building stakeholder trust with transparency. Achieving and maintaining stakeholder trust is crucial, especially in the environs of nuclear waste management. Proving confidence, stability, and security to the surrounding citizenry as well as those throughout the country is the goal of governmental nuclear waste remediation. Guiding administrative decision-making processes and maintaining a broad bandwidth of communication are of incalculable importance to all those charged with serving the public, but are especially essential to those whose decisional impacts will be felt for millennia. A strong, clear, and concise administrative record documenting discrete decisions and overarching policy choices is the strongest defense to a decisional challenge. However, this can be accomplished using transparency as the fundamental building block. This documentation allows the decision-makers to demonstrate the synthesis of legal and technical challenges and fortifies the ground from which challenges will be defended when necessary. Further, administrative actions which capture the public's interest and captivate that interest throughout the process will result in a better-informed, more deeply-involved, and more heavily-invested group of interested parties. Management of information, involvement, and investment on the front-end of the process reaps rewards far more efficiently than attempts to assuage and mitigate the concerns of those parties after the fact and there are a number of tools Savannah River Remediation (SRR) has deployed that render transparency an ally in this context. The makers, applicators, and beneficiaries of policies and decisions will all benefit from strong administrative records which document decisional choices in an open and transparent manner and from timely, up-front management of concerns of interested parties. The strongest defense to decisional challenges is an ability to demonstrate the basis of the decision and the reason(s) that the decision was chosen over other alternatives. Providing a sound basis for defending challenges rather than avoiding or fighting over them allows the deciding entity the greatest opportunity to produce value for its customer. Often, a transparent process that invites public participation and is open for public review and comment will thwart challenge genesis. An entity that has to devote resources to defending its choices obviously cannot utilize those resources to further its mission. (authors)

  3. Argonne National Decision and Information Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Argonne National Laboratory Decision and Information Sciences Division Introducing EMTools conforms to expecta- tions. Argonne National Laboratory, developer of the successful Synchronization Matrix and exercise tool: EMTools. EMTools integrates the func- tionality of Argonne's previous-generation emergency

  4. Decision Support for Choice of Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution The Aspect-Oriented Risk Driven Development (AORDD decisions. (4) RDD annotation rules for security risk and security solution variable estimation. (5) The AORDD security solution trade-o¤ analysis and trade-o¤ tool BBN topology. (6) Rule set for how

  5. DECISION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    Under FEMA Grant EMW-2004-GR-0112 September 28, 2004 Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism by the United States Department of Homeland Security through the Center for Risk and Economic Analysis years proved invaluable as a decision-planning tool. Known as the science and technology of decision

  6. Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy,...

  7. Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Marc A

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

  8. Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

  9. We investigate the role of risk perceptions in societal decision-making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally unique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally in energy policy. The survey elicited explicitly the importance of subjective risks on preferences regarding

  10. Planning Tool for Strategic Evaluation of Facility Plans - 13570

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magoulas, Virginia; Cercy, Michael [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Hall, Irin [Newport News Shipbuilding, 4101 Washington Ave., Newport News, VA 23607 (United States)] [Newport News Shipbuilding, 4101 Washington Ave., Newport News, VA 23607 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has developed a strategic planning tool for the evaluation of the utilization of its unique resources for processing and research and development of nuclear materials. The Planning Tool is a strategic level tool for assessing multiple missions that could be conducted utilizing the SRNL facilities and showcasing the plan. Traditional approaches using standard scheduling tools and laying out a strategy on paper tended to be labor intensive and offered either a limited or cluttered view for visualizing and communicating results. A tool that can assess the process throughput, duration, and utilization of the facility was needed. SRNL teamed with Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS), a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries, to create the next generation Planning Tool. The goal of this collaboration was to create a simulation based tool that allows for quick evaluation of strategies with respect to new or changing missions, and clearly communicates results to the decision makers. This tool has been built upon a mature modeling and simulation software previously developed by NNS. The Planning Tool provides a forum for capturing dependencies, constraints, activity flows, and variable factors. It is also a platform for quickly evaluating multiple mission scenarios, dynamically adding/updating scenarios, generating multiple views for evaluating/communicating results, and understanding where there are areas of risks and opportunities with respect to capacity. The Planning Tool that has been developed is useful in that it presents a clear visual plan for the missions at the Savannah River Site (SRS). It not only assists in communicating the plans to SRS corporate management, but also allows the area stakeholders a visual look at the future plans for SRS. The design of this tool makes it easily deployable to other facility and mission planning endeavors. (authors)

  11. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  12. Microsoft Word - Improved Interfaces and Decision Support_FINAL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the skill sets and performance of today's system operators. * Customer Decision Making - Demand Response (DR) systems will provide information to customers in easily understood...

  13. Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making Preprint Sertac Akar and Katherine R. Young National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the Fourtieth...

  14. automated clinical decision: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: of these devices will rely on some form of automation and are designed to expedite the decision making process, Sheridan, & Wickens,...

  15. make space make space Tools_T-WallsTools_T-Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    laminate materials such as acrylic, polycarbonate, Masonite, and show- erboard. The nonporous surfaces Street, San Francisco, CA 94107; 800 950-8750; www.californiacaster.com) polycarbonate/acrylic Port

  16. Probabilistic Modeling for Decision Support in Integrated Operations Martin Giese, University of Oslo; Reidar B. Bratvold, SPE, University of Stavanger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    and Solving Decision Problems with Influence Diagrams Decision trees are widely used in the oil & gas industry the method of decision analysis to it. We discuss how the resulting influence diagram was tested using proposes to use the tools of decision analysis to provide decision makers with logical and consistent

  17. analysis tool extensions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Student Researcher, University of Texas, Austin, TX ABSTRACT IGATE-E is an industrial energy analysis tool. The tool is intended to be a decision support and planning...Nasr...

  18. Summary of Training Workshop on the Use of NASA tools for Coastal Resource Management in the Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judd, Chaeli; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gulbransen, Thomas C.; Thom, Ronald M.

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-day training workshop was held in Xalapa, Mexico from March 10-11 2009 with the goal of training end users from the southern Gulf of Mexico states of Campeche and Veracruz in the use of tools to support coastal resource management decision-making. The workshop was held at the computer laboratory of the Institute de Ecologia, A.C. (INECOL). This report summarizes the results of that workshop and is a deliverable to our NASA client.

  19. AN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Jason

    " of analytic tools centered on simulation and decision-analysis software, plus climate scenario generators. A decision-analytic framework combining traditional dimensions of risk and uncertainty with decision timeAN AGENT-CENTERED DECISION-ANALYTIC APPROACH TO CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION We fashioned a "test bed

  20. Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Context Aware Decision System in a Smart Home: Knowledge Representation and Decision Making Using representation, Reasoning under uncertainty 1 Introduction As the development of Smart Homes (SH) has gained.chahuara,francois.portet,michel.vacher}imag.fr Abstract. This research addresses the issue of building home automa- tion systems reactive to voice

  1. A decision analysis framework to support long-term planning for nuclear fuel cycle technology research, development, demonstration and deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sowder, A.G.; Machiels, A.J. [Electric Power Research Institute, 1300 West. W.T Harris Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28262 (United States); Dykes, A.A.; Johnson, D.H. [ABSG Consulting Inc., 300 Commerce, Suite 200, Irvine, CA 92602 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To address challenges and gaps in nuclear fuel cycle option assessment and to support research, develop and demonstration programs oriented toward commercial deployment, EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) is seeking to develop and maintain an independent analysis and assessment capability by building a suite of assessment tools based on a platform of software, simplified relationships, and explicit decision-making and evaluation guidelines. As a demonstration of the decision-support framework, EPRI examines a relatively near-term fuel cycle option, i.e., use of reactor-grade mixed-oxide fuel (MOX) in U.S. light water reactors. The results appear as a list of significant concerns (like cooling of spent fuels, criticality risk...) that have to be taken into account for the final decision.

  2. Percussion tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, Teddy R.

    2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A percussion tool is described and which includes a housing mounting a tool bit; a reciprocally moveable hammer borne by the housing and which is operable to repeatedly strike the tool bit; and a reciprocally moveable piston enclosed within the hammer and which imparts reciprocal movement to the reciprocally moveable hammer.

  3. Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers (June-July 2011) and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers-structured models are even more likely to collapse. Risks and decisions for conservation and environmental management (Burgman and Possingham 2000) Population Viability Analysis (PVA) is a useful tool

  4. Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers (June-July 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loosely Annotated Bibiolography: recommended by Applied Environmental Decision Analysis researchers to collapse. Risks and decisions for conservation and environmental management (Burgman and Possingham 2000) Population Viability Analysis (PVA) is a useful tool for conservation planning and population management

  5. An internet tool for designing energy efficient homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milne, M.; Gomez, C.; Leeper, D.; Zurick, J.; Nindra, A.; Shen, J.; Kobayashi, Y.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help their 4.5 million residential customers make energy efficient decisions, Southern California Gas asked UCLA to develop an Internet-based simulation tool called Project REED (Residential Energy Efficient Design). The critical problem is to give these ratepayers an easy way to visualize the relative effectiveness of their various options. REED is a internet-based tool that calculates the annual gas and electricity cost for each separate building design or operating decision. Hourly climate data for the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY2) in all the climate zones in the SoCalGas service area are built in, as well as utility rates for each type of residential service. REED's Expert System first designs a basic Code Compliant home, then designs a more Energy Efficient design based on local climate, and it shows how much money ratepayers would save. The simulation engine inside REED is SOLAR-5, one of the nation's most widely used whole building energy design tools. SOLAR-5 has been validated against DOE-2 using the BESTEST procedure. This paper, one of a pair describing REED, explains the project from the user's point of view and describes what was learned from the Ratepayer Usability Test. The second paper explains the project from the simulation and software engineering point of view.

  6. WINS: Market Simulation Tool for Facilitating Wind Energy Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shahidehpour, Mohammad [Illinois Institute of Technology

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrating 20% or more wind energy into the system and transmitting large sums of wind energy over long distances will require a decision making capability that can handle very large scale power systems with tens of thousands of buses and lines. There is a need to explore innovative analytical and implementation solutions for continuing reliable operations with the most economical integration of additional wind energy in power systems. A number of wind integration solution paths involve the adoption of new operating policies, dynamic scheduling of wind power across interties, pooling integration services, and adopting new transmission scheduling practices. Such practices can be examined by the decision tool developed by this project. This project developed a very efficient decision tool called Wind INtegration Simulator (WINS) and applied WINS to facilitate wind energy integration studies. WINS focused on augmenting the existing power utility capabilities to support collaborative planning, analysis, and wind integration project implementations. WINS also had the capability of simulating energy storage facilities so that feasibility studies of integrated wind energy system applications can be performed for systems with high wind energy penetrations. The development of WINS represents a major expansion of a very efficient decision tool called POwer Market Simulator (POMS), which was developed by IIT and has been used extensively for power system studies for decades. Specifically, WINS provides the following superiorities: (1) An integrated framework is included in WINS for the comprehensive modeling of DC transmission configurations, including mono-pole, bi-pole, tri-pole, back-to-back, and multi-terminal connection, as well as AC/DC converter models including current source converters (CSC) and voltage source converters (VSC). (2) An existing shortcoming of traditional decision tools for wind integration is the limited availability of user interface, i.e., decision results are often text-based demonstrations. WINS includes a powerful visualization tool and user interface capability for transmission analyses, planning, and assessment, which will be of great interest to power market participants, power system planners and operators, and state and federal regulatory entities. (3) WINS can handle extended transmission models for wind integration studies. WINS models include limitations on transmission flow as well as bus voltage for analyzing power system states. The existing decision tools often consider transmission flow constraints (dc power flow) alone which could result in the over-utilization of existing resources when analyzing wind integration. WINS can be used to assist power market participants including transmission companies, independent system operators, power system operators in vertically integrated utilities, wind energy developers, and regulatory agencies to analyze economics, security, and reliability of various options for wind integration including transmission upgrades and the planning of new transmission facilities. WINS can also be used by industry for the offline training of reliability and operation personnel when analyzing wind integration uncertainties, identifying critical spots in power system operation, analyzing power system vulnerabilities, and providing credible decisions for examining operation and planning options for wind integration. Researches in this project on wind integration included (1) Development of WINS; (2) Transmission Congestion Analysis in the Eastern Interconnection; (3) Analysis of 2030 Large-Scale Wind Energy Integration in the Eastern Interconnection; (4) Large-scale Analysis of 2018 Wind Energy Integration in the Eastern U.S. Interconnection. The research resulted in 33 papers, 9 presentations, 9 PhD degrees, 4 MS degrees, and 7 awards. The education activities in this project on wind energy included (1) Wind Energy Training Facility Development; (2) Wind Energy Course Development.

  7. SU-E-J-04: A Data-Driven, Response-Based, Multi-Criteria Decision Support System for Personalized Lung Radiation Treatment Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Y; McShan, D; Schipper, M; Matuszak, M; Ten Haken, R [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Kong, F [Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA (Georgia)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To develop a decision support tool to predict a patient's potential overall survival (OS) and radiation induced toxicity (RIT) based on clinical factors and responses during the course of radiotherapy, and suggest appropriate radiation dose adjustments to improve therapeutic effect. Methods: Important relationships between a patient's basic information and their clinical features before and during the radiation treatment are identified from historical clinical data by using statistical learning and data mining approaches. During each treatment period, a data analysis (DA) module predicts radiotherapy features such as time to local progression (TTLP), time to distant metastases (TTDM), radiation toxicity to different organs, etc., under possible future treatment plans based on patient specifics or responses. An information fusion (IF) module estimates intervals for a patient's OS and the probabilities of RIT from a treatment plan by integrating the outcomes of module DA. A decision making (DM) module calculates “satisfaction” with the predicted radiation outcome based on trade-offs between OS and RIT, and finds the best treatment plan for the next time period via multi-criteria optimization. Results: Using physical and biological data from 130 lung cancer patients as our test bed, we were able to train and implement the 3 modules of our decision support tool. Examples demonstrate how it can help predict a new patient's potential OS and RIT with different radiation dose plans along with how these combinations change with dose, thus presenting a range of satisfaction/utility for use in individualized decision support. Conclusion: Although the decision support tool is currently developed from a small patient sample size, it shows the potential for the improvement of each patient's satisfaction in personalized radiation therapy. The radiation treatment outcome prediction and decision making model needs to be evaluated with more patients and demonstrated for use in radiation treatments for other cancers. P01-CA59827;R01CA142840.

  8. Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET) Users Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Layne Pincock

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the users guide to using the Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET). SET is a tool for comparing multiple fuel cycle options against a common set of criteria and metrics. It does this using standard multi-attribute utility decision analysis methods.

  9. Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Transportation Center Seminar "Electric Vehicle Recharging: Decision Support Tools for Drivers Conference Center Refreshments available at 3:30 pm Abstract: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have become electric vehicles. #12;

  10. A framework for decision support in systems architecting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Willard Lennox

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to provide a method and tool to leverage computational resources to empower a systems architect to reason about architectural decisions more comprehensively and effectively compared to ...

  11. Waste Acceptance Decisions and Uncertainty Analysis at the Oak Ridge Environmental Management Waste Management Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redus, K. S.; Patterson, J. E.; Hampshire, G. L.; Perkins, A. B.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) Attainment Team (AT) routinely provides the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Operations with Go/No-Go decisions associated with the disposition of over 1.8 million yd3 of low-level radioactive, TSCA, and RCRA hazardous waste. This supply of waste comes from 60+ environmental restoration projects over the next 15 years planned to be dispositioned at the Oak Ridge Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF). The EMWMF WAC AT decision making process is accomplished in four ways: (1) ensure a clearly defined mission and timeframe for accomplishment is established, (2) provide an effective organization structure with trained personnel, (3) have in place a set of waste acceptance decisions and Data Quality Objectives (DQO) for which quantitative measures are required, and (4) use validated risk-based forecasting, decision support, and modeling/simulation tools. We provide a summary of WAC AT structure and performance. We offer suggestions based on lessons learned for effective transfer to other DOE.

  12. Motor Effort Alters Changes of Mind in Sensorimotor Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, David

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn, Virginia, United States: Burk D, Ingram JN, Franklin DW, Shadlen MN, Wolpert DM (2014) Motor Effort Alters Changes of Mind

  13. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    * Actual and anticipated funding www.em.doe.gov 7 * Actual and anticipated funding * Ecological impacts * "Mortgage" reduction * Support to other agency missions * Technology...

  14. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that it was human. - Alan Turing Introduction Learning is agreat frequency. - Alan Turing Introduction The Generalized

  15. Decision Making for Inconsistent Expert Judgments Using Negative Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Acacio de Barros

    2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we provide a simple random-variable example of inconsistent information, and analyze it using three different approaches: Bayesian, quantum-like, and negative probabilities. We then show that, at least for this particular example, both the Bayesian and the quantum-like approaches have less normative power than the negative probabilities one.

  16. Make-buy decisions in the face of radical innovations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrons, Robert Kirby

    2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................................106 CHAPTER 7: SLOW CLOCKSPEED CASE STUDY—THE INTRODUCTION OF TWISTER’S CYCLONE SEPARATOR................................................................................................................107 7.1 Establishing Twister as a Slow Clockspeed... .4.2 Outsourcing Strategy ................................................................................................113 7.5 The New Technology: Twister Cyclone Separators.........................................................113 7.5.1 The Technology...

  17. Systems Medicine: An Integrated Approach with Decision Making Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faryabi, Babak

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    graph for the 3-gene Boolean network in Figure 1. . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Two realizations of trajectories for the oriented graph in Figure 2. . 16 4 A schematic of transition in SM-ARN with two consecutive epoch times tk and tk+1. The inter... ? shown with a dashed-line box. Each marker indicates the instant in which the corresponding gene updates its value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 13 Schematic of transitions in a hypothetical three-gene SM-ARN alongwith...

  18. Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

  19. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and engine parts Wiring devices Mechanical measuring devices Laboratory and optical instruments Plastics materials and resins Magnetic and

  20. Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern Decision-Making ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Boeing Professor of Operations Research, Sloan School of Management, ... uncertainty sets, which preserves the class of problems under analysis, e.g., the ..... return of asset i belongs to the interval [ri ? si,ri + si] with ri = 1.15 + i(0.05/150) and si = ..... Does the manager derive deeper insights into the impact of uncertainty?

  1. Is the Make-Buy Decision Process a Core Competence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Charles H.

    2002-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Many of today's products are so complex that no single company has all the necessary knowledge about either the product or the required processes to completely design and manufacture them in-house. As a result, most companies ...

  2. Decision Making under Uncertainty when Preference Information is ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    best fitted piecewise linear utility function does have a more complex representation: for instance, ... While we argued that this situation is unlikely to occur in practice, we hope to verify that the .... Measuring utility by a single-

  3. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental impacts of PV electricity generation - a critical comparison of energy supply options,” Proceedings of the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar

  4. Identifying teacher expertise: An examination of researchers' decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , assessment, and certification. For exam- ple, The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards has reflected directly on the teacher expertise research litera- ture in the development of teaching standards (Bond, Smith, Baker, & Hattie, 2000...). Policymakers have proposed that skill sets for qualified teachers are generalizable across student characteristics and instructional content, for example, teachers with elementary certification are prepared to teach students in multiple sub- ject areas from...

  5. A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR JUSTIFIED INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Information Security Officer (CISO) within an organisation to ensure that such information is adequately protected. External standards exist to advise CISOs on how to secure infor- mation insecure employee behaviour. CISOs require more information than they are currently provided

  6. Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Examining Committee: Randall Peterman Senior Supervisor Professor School of Resource change on future stream discharge. I examined the implications of these two uncertainties for the North is an assessment method for water diversions needed by small-scale hydroelectric projects, I found that uncertainty

  7. Decision Making under Uncertainty: Reliability and Incentive Compatibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Tingting

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Location Sacramento, CA Harrisburg, PA Springfield, ILLocation Sacramento, CA Harrisburg, PA Springfield, ILCA Albany, NY Austin, TX Harrisburg, PA Columbus, OH

  8. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrator design to minimize LCOE,” Proceedings of thetool at SolFocus [122]. The LCOE cost model provides theinstallation variables, the LCOE metric is a step beyond the

  9. Human machine collaborative decision making in a complex optimization system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malasky, Jeremy S

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous complex real-world applications are either theoretically intractable or unable to be solved in a practical amount of time. Researchers and practitioners are forced to implement heuristics in solving such problems ...

  10. Corticostriatal Interactions during Learning, Memory Processing, and Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennartz, Cyriel M. A.

    This mini-symposium aims to integrate recent insights from anatomy, behavior, and neurophysiology, highlighting the anatomical organization, behavioral significance, and information-processing mechanisms of corticostriatal ...

  11. Smart customization : making evidence-based environmental decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the environmental benefits created by the manufacture, distribution, and consumer use of products that are mass customized (MC) or produced "on-demand" and tailored to individual end-user preferences. ...

  12. Impacts of Personality on Herding in Financial Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Michelle; Burke, C; Schultz, Wolfram; Tobler, T

    .212 Subject 15 0.950 0.125 -0.390 0.694 Subject 16 0.917 0.121 -0.660 0.511 Subject 17 1.442 0.191 2.770 0.006 2(df=18) = 503.31 [p=0.000] Log likelihood = -5404.25 2B – As function of social information Odds ratio Std. error z score p value...

  13. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention of adaptive behaviors, and those that (b) optimize

  14. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses)]: Background: Identifying reinforcement contingencies that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention

  15. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by location (e.g. , heating and technology differences atby location (e.g. , heating, technology) C 42 b 42 C 21 b 21

  16. Decision Making Under Ambiguity: A Belief-function Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    called EH). Received: 8 August 1996. Ernst & Young Professor Director, Ernst & Young Center for Auditing Research and Advanced Tech-nology Division of Accounting and Information Systems School of Business, The University of Kansas Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.... This rule is equivalent to "minimax" rule in a two-person zero-sum game. It is interesting to note that the proposition developed in the article not only explains Ellsberg's paradox but also models correctly all the behaviors observed by EH. The remaining...

  17. ACES Linking Science, Practice, and Decision Making Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ACES: A Community on Ecosystem Services represents a dynamic and growing assembly of professionals, researchers, and policy makers involved with ecosystem services. The ACES 2014 Conference brings...

  18. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to GHG/kWh of the USA electricity supply chain are coalGHG/kWh of electricity example based on USA. Distributionnuclear (USA) are different because of the electricity mix

  19. A Composite Risk Measure Framework for Decision Making under ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    on the composite of two risk measures, where the inner risk measure accounts for ...... bound which provides a guideline for choosing suitable N given desired ...

  20. Technology Development Transition Process: Decision-Making Guide and Checklist

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaeffer, Michael L.; Ace, Mary H.; Martin, Steven W.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document supports right-sizing documentation needs with technology development and deployment projects.

  1. On Decision Making Following an Industrial Energy Audit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, M. R.; Barnish, T.; Polomski, P. P.

    A survey of 104 manufacturers has been carried out. Each plant had received an energy audit by an EADC at least 24 months prior to the study. The survey attempted to determine why certain recommendations made in the audit report were not implemented...

  2. SEA effectiveness and power in decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    Aalborg University Department of Development and Planning The Danish Centre for Environmental Assessment..............................................................................................23 2.3 Environmental regulation and Impact Assessment .............................................................................................................................30 3. Strategic Environmental Assessment as a means to include environmental concerns in strategic

  3. An analysis of economic rationality in decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladewig, Howard W

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of diffusion curve A generally accepted belief is that adoption of new farming practices follow an "S" or growth curve. Lionberger (1960:$3) points out that ordinarily adoptions start very slowly and then increase at an increasing rate until approximately... AND NUMBER OF FARMS IN THE NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS OF TEQB County Population" 1960 Number of Farms"* 1959 Number of Farms e" 1964 Dallam Hansford Moore Sherman Hartley Hemphill Hutchinson Lipscomb Ochiltree Oldham Roberts Total 6, 302 6...

  4. Medical Decision Making in Clinical Care: Avoiding Common Errors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Edwards Blake Cook Whitney Houston Josh Edwards Ian Sudderth Richmond Jones Scott Jeffries Cindy Crawford Trone Sawyer Madonna Taylor Swift Dewar Gleissner Jennifer Lopez Gary Friend Rex Myers Sean Anglin Zack Fey Oprah Winfrey Elizabeth Edwards Blake Cook Whitney Houston Josh Edwards Ian Sudderth Richmond

  5. PREFERENCE COORDINATION IN ENGINEERING DESIGN DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    practice and determining how best to coordinate this with engineering. He contributed directly and Carl Lenker contributed to the cost and demand models developed in Chapter 7, in addition to providing of freedom and responsibility; developing my sense of the academic literature and community in engineering

  6. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SolFocus Concentrating Photovoltaics 6.1 Metrics DevelopmentConcentrator Solar Photovoltaics . . Analysis Using Carnegieand E. Alsema, “Photovoltaics energy payback times,

  7. Decision making in the HIV/AIDS supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Elaine Phu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the first two decades of HIV/AIDS awareness, the U.S. and foreign governments responded slowly to the crisis. In contrast today, as the pandemic continues, initiatives of nonprofit organizations have dramatically ...

  8. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    engines and engine parts Wiring devices Mechanical measuring devices Laboratory and optical instruments Plastics materials and resins Magnetic

  9. Processing Expected Reward in Decision-Making Tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    ; Worthy et al., 2007; see also Sutton and Barto, 1998 #12;0 PICK A CARD! Yes Bonus No 450 174 #12;0 174 Correct 181 Yes Bonus No 450 7 #12;0 PICK A CARD! Yes Bonus No 450 181 #12;0 181 Correct 184 Yes Bonus No 450 3 #12;0 PICK A CARD! Yes Bonus No 450 184 #12;Expected Value (EV) · EV ­ How many points you

  10. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Institute of SME, vol. 35, pp. 193–200, 2007. [80]Research Insti- tute of SME, Monterrey, Mexico, vol. 35,Research Institute of SME, vol. 34, pp. 381–388, 2006. [6

  11. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Estimation Since 2002 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation - Part 1 Video Presentation - Part 2 Risk Analysis and...

  12. Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences ... A survey of literature on non-parametric assessments in Farquhar (1984) system- ...... pk = 1/

  13. Giraffes, religion and conflict : essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochon, Daniel

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1: Objective Scale Anchoring in Sequential Judgments We explore the scope and boundary conditions for anchoring when respondents render sequential judgments in the absence of an explicit comparative standard. We show ...

  14. MONITORING AND DECISION MAKING FOR CUCUMBER BEETLES ON MUSKMELON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    of cucumber beetles on muskmelon. · Using black plastic mulch can maintain higher soil tem- peratures

  15. ADR Lunchtime Program: How Do You Make Decisions?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Speaker: Mary Atwater Psy.D, Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Family Mediator, Child Access Mediator Member: Maryland Program for Mediator Excellence (MPME), Academy of Professional Family Mediators (APFM), Collaborative Dispute Resolution Professionals

  16. Managing infrastructure systems: who's heard in the decision making process?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sheri LaShel

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    applied to the various data sets provided by the City of Houston. The results of the analysis supports the following: Citizen contacts have been significant in determining the allocation of water and sewer CIP projects; however, that has not been...........................................................................11 1.3 Summary of Houston?s CIP Process .................................................................12 4.1 Water and Sewer Related Complaints...............................................................61 ix LIST OF TABLES...

  17. Recommendations, credits and discounts : essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejovsky, Boris

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1: Translation Errors in the Aggregation of Consumer Recommendations There has been a substantial increase of websites providing consumers with recommendations about products and services. These recommendations are ...

  18. MRP II-based Production Management Using Intelligent Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouras, Christos

    to the production manager to revise the unrealistic plans and carry out the complex task of production control is attached to the lowest level of the PMS, namely the production activity control (PAC) subsystem the primitive Material Requirements Planning (MRP) features [22]. A production management system (PMS

  19. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Average IO electricity factor assembly IO electricity factor stamping costAverage IO electricity factor assembly IO electricity factor stamping cost

  20. MODELING AND TECHNOLOGY FOR MAKING QUANTITATIVE MANAGERIAL DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Alistair

    of Technology, Vietnam, 12-13 October 2006. ABSTRACT In recent years, powerful modeling languages such as AMPL in the low- income and emerging economies. Fortunately, the world-wide scope of the internet has put powerful the humble-but-powerful spreadsheet. 1. INTRODUCTION The application of Operational Research (OR), known

  1. Robust Decision Making using a Risk-Averse Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 17, 2012 ... Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences .... Monotonicity and boundedness are usually assumed to be basic properties of utility functions ..... approach is to treat personal choices as i.i.d. samples and a confidence interval is thus built to be ... In contrast, we present a linear program-.

  2. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: Final EnvironmentalCounties, Idaho || Department: MeetEfficientlyandState Public

  3. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractions and PolicyCybersecurityThisSafety and

  4. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan Department ofNotices |Notice of38:3:1:EM Official KeepsDR.of

  5. Queer Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Chindogu. Did someone say "Bless you?" No need. This is a Japanese word that means "queer tools" and it was coined to describe the Japanese penchant for unusual inventions. From toilet paper rolls that attach to the head...

  6. Workflow Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at NERSC go here. Galaxy - Galaxy is a web based workflow tool that is use by the genomics community. It allows you to define job dependencies via a web based workflow engine....

  7. Tools | JCESR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tools JCESR Logos Logos are available for download in jpg format. To view the full-size logo file, click the description under the version of the logo you are interested in. When...

  8. Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar- Making Decision in Complex Landscapes: Headwater Stream Management Across Multiple Agencies Using Structured Decision Making

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    There is growing evidence that headwater stream ecosystems are vulnerable to changing climate and land use, but their conservation is challenged by the need to address the threats at a landscape...

  9. Environmental screening tools for assessment of infrastructure plans based on biodiversity preservation and global warming (PEIT, Spain)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Montero, Luis G., E-mail: luisgonzaga.garcia@upm.e [Dept. Forest Engineering, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Montes, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Ciudad Universitaria s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Lopez, Elena, E-mail: elopez@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Monzon, Andres, E-mail: amonzon@caminos.upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Otero Pastor, Isabel, E-mail: isabel.otero@upm.e [TRANSyT, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Caminos, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Avda. Profesor Aranguren s/n, Madrid 28040 (Spain)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Most Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) research has been concerned with SEA as a procedure, and there have been relatively few developments and tests of analytical methodologies. The first stage of the SEA is the 'screening', which is the process whereby a decision is taken on whether or not SEA is required for a particular programme or plan. The effectiveness of screening and SEA procedures will depend on how well the assessment fits into the planning from the early stages of the decision-making process. However, it is difficult to prepare the environmental screening for an infrastructure plan involving a whole country. To be useful, such methodologies must be fast and simple. We have developed two screening tools which would make it possible to estimate promptly the overall impact an infrastructure plan might have on biodiversity and global warming for a whole country, in order to generate planning alternatives, and to determine whether or not SEA is required for a particular infrastructure plan.

  10. Hierarchical Decision Tree Induction in Distributed Genomic Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuster, Assaf

    . INTRODUCTION The analysis of large databases requires automation. Data mining tools have been shown mining tools are extremely useful for the analysis of genomic data as well [26]. Since the number on diseases, response to treatment, and the risk of side effects [23]. Providing efficient decision tree

  11. Braving the Tempest: Methodological foundations of policy-making in sustainability transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercure, J -F; Bassi, A M; Viñuales, J E; Edwards, N R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Policy-makers currently face unprecedented challenges and uncertainty when taking decisions that simultaneously affect economic development, technology and the environment. It is not clear to policy-makers how to reconcile economic policy supporting growth with climate change mitigation, and it is not clear how effective policies are likely to be. This paper argues that informing policy-making using conventional equilibrium or optimisation modelling of technology and economics is not fine-grained enough to capture the complexities of real-world human behaviour and its diversity, leaving a wide uncertainty gap for policy-making. We suggest that the use of a dynamical methodology involving complexity science coupled to behavioural science with sophisticated uncertainty analysis can provide appropriate tools to better understand policy issues in sectors that involve a high degree of interaction (collective effects) or differentiation (agent heterogeneity/diversity) between agents. We argue that a better represen...

  12. A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION IN POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA A.E. Gadem1-based decision-support systems are powerful, new tools for assessing inherent soil productivity and potential conservation strategies to reduce soil-loss in areas with high potential erosion rates. These decision support

  13. Decision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Water and its Role in Mitigation of Surface/Ground water depletion ­ Max Krzyzewski Climate Change EfDecision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings A place where multiple perspectives with the public policy community to investigate water, climate, decision-making and vulnerability

  14. MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012 TT 12:30-2:00, GSB 3.106 Professor James S. Dyer. Materials Required: The primary textbook is: (C&R) Clemen, R. and Reilly, T., Making Hard Decisions, South Grove, CA: Duxbury Press (ISBN 0-324-66244-0) (TM) Titman, T. and J. D. Martin. 2011, 2 nd Edition

  15. GIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klippel, Alexander

    , pp . 129-139 © GIDA 2001 ISSN 1480-8943 Sharing Exploratory Geospatial Analysis and Decision Making networks, mobile computing devices and other location-based #12;Sharing Exploratory Geospatial AnalysisGIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 2001, Vol. 5, No.2

  16. Decision support systems for automated terminal area air traffic control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pararas, John Demetrios

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work studies the automation of the terminal area Air Traffic Management and Control (ATM/C) system. The ATM/C decision-making process is analyzed and broken down into a number of "automation functions". Each of these ...

  17. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General audits and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE O 221.3.

  18. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) action required to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE 2320.2B

  19. Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    science is at the heart of decisions we make. From energy to environmental protection to health care reform, Americans will be well served by this approach. " Media contact(s):...

  20. Decision Motivations: Factors Guiding the Choices of Agriculturalists in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robel, Pamela

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This study sought to highlight a specific area of California-agriculturalist behavior—decision-making—that may lend additional insight into how to begin bridging the communication gap between farmers and consumers. Communication between farmers...

  1. Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Avani

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

  2. Applications of Belief Functions in Business Decisions: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Liu, Liping

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we review recent applications of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of belief functions to auditing and business decision-making. We show how DST can better map uncertainties in the application domains than Bayesian ...

  3. Workflow Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfires may contribute more to &83 3.3 Table3WorkToolsTools

  4. Robust Markov Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Probability and Measure. Wiley Blackwell, 1995. [8] E. Delage and S. Mannor. Percentile optimization for Markov decision processes with parameter uncertainty

  5. Implementing Motor Decision Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.

    The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors is to establish a motor plan. A motor plan allows decisions to be made in advance of motor failure, and increases the options available. By contrast, most motor decisions...

  6. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making J. Behav. Dec. Making, 14: 243255 (2001)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greene, Joshua D.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    less sen- sitive to changes at the high end of each scale. Subjects also made utility ratings of utility ratings rather than goods (years or dollars). The judgments of utility ratings showed equivalent

  7. Downhole tool

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R.; Muradov, Andrei; Pixton, David S.; Dahlgren, Scott Steven; Briscoe, Michael A.

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A double shouldered downhole tool connection comprises box and pin connections having mating threads intermediate mating primary and secondary shoulders. The connection further comprises a secondary shoulder component retained in the box connection intermediate a floating component and the primary shoulders. The secondary shoulder component and the pin connection cooperate to transfer a portion of makeup load to the box connection. The downhole tool may be selected from the group consisting of drill pipe, drill collars, production pipe, and reamers. The floating component may be selected from the group consisting of electronics modules, generators, gyroscopes, power sources, and stators. The secondary shoulder component may comprises an interface to the box connection selected from the group consisting of radial grooves, axial grooves, tapered grooves, radial protrusions, axial protrusions, tapered protrusions, shoulders, and threads.

  8. SECURITY ASSESSMENTS: TOOLS FOR MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SECURITY CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SECURITY ASSESSMENTS: TOOLS FOR MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SECURITY CONTROLS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology The selection and implementation of security controls are critical decisions for protecting

  9. Prognostic Models in Medicine: Arti cial-intelligence and Decision-analytic approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    decision making Scienti#12;c progress in Medicine is made at an annu- ally increasing pace throughPrognostic Models in Medicine: Arti#12;cial-intelligence and Decision-analytic approaches Peter on Prognostic Models in Medicine: Arti#12;- cial Intelligence and Decision-analytic Approaches held during AIMDM

  10. Classification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    classification based approach to making such mode decisions accurately and efficiently. We first illustrateClassification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Inter-Intra Decision Regions mrMAD Energy 0 10 20

  11. Decision Fusion for Patch-Based Face Recognition Berkay Topcu and Hakan Erdogan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogan, Hakan

    Decision Fusion for Patch-Based Face Recognition Berkay Topc¸u and Hakan Erdogan Faculty. Feature fusion and decision fusion are two distinct ways to make use of the extracted local features. Apart from the well-known decision fusion methods, a novel approach for calculating weights

  12. CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT Yi Zhang1 , Liping Feng1,* 1: A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water of optimal irrigation methods and irrigation decision support system have obtained important achievements (J

  13. Workflow Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfires may contribute more to &83 3.3 Table3WorkTools

  14. Computer-aided Tooling Design for Manufacturing Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nee, Andrew Y. C.

    Tooling design for manufacturing processes refers to direct tooling for making a part such as molds and dies for injection molded parts and metal stampings, or for supporting machining operations such as jigs and fixtures. ...

  15. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  16. Industrial motivations: Conceptual Automotive Styling Tools (CAST)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Industrial motivations: Conceptual Automotive Styling Tools (CAST) Karan Singh #12;Conceptual. · What makes automotive design unique. · Existing modeling trends. · A proposed workflow for conceptual automotive design. #12;Conceptual design desirables · Abstraction from underlying surface math. · Invite

  17. Decision support systems for tool reuse and EOL processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, Jyeh J

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intel® is a manufacturing company that concentrates on the fabrication process of computer chips. Over the years and into the future, Intel® has gone through multiple and advanced generations of manufacturing technology ...

  18. Decision support tools for environmentally conscious chemical process design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cano Ruiz, José Alejandro, 1969-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The environment has emerged as an important determinant of the performance of the modern chemical industry. Process engineering in the 21st century needs to evolve to include environmental issues as part of the design ...

  19. The Energy Policy Pyramid - A Hierarchal Tool for Decision Makers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vieira, R. K.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with conventional resources and, as such, should be considered prior to or in conjunction with conventional resources. Roof-integrated photovoltaics, hydrogen- powered vehicles or wind- powered water pumps are examples of alternative energy supply methods. Note... photovoltaics for buildings but ignore solar thermal systems. Building codes, voluntary green standards and state rebate programs need to reward based on performance, not simply targeting a technology. For example policies that simply create incentives...

  20. Water Optimizer Suite: Tools for Decision Support and Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    , irrigation system options, well and pump characteristics and water supply. Irrigation options include center pivot or gravity irrigation systems, well or canal delivery, and systems powered by electricity, diesel irrigation water when water supplies are limited. The Water Optimizer Suite consists of four separate